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MINIMIZING RISKS FOR JACK-UP RIGS JACKWHEN PRELOADING ON LOCATION


Presented by: S. Douglas Devoy

MatthewsDaniel att e s a e
Houston, Texas

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PRELOADING HAS PROVEN TO POSE THE GREATEST RISK DURING THE FINAL JACK-UP RIGS SUSTAIN PUNCH-THROUGHS STAGES OF THE RIG WORLD MOVE! IN ALL AREAS OF THE

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Definition of Preloading of Jack-Up Rig Jack-

Preloading consists of taking large volumes of salt water into designated preload tanks greatly increasing the tanks, overall weight of the rig.

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Definition of Preloading of Jack-Up Rig Jack-

This additional weight results in the spud cans penetrating deeper into the soil profile in order to reach soils with adequate strength to support the rig.

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Rig Preloading on Location

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Risk Mitigation Measures For Preloading Location Approval


Detailed Geotechnical Analysis / y PunchPunch-Through Study Recommendations for Preloading Air Gap Recommendations for Close Monitoring of Leg Loads and Penetrations Recommendation for Action if Penetrations are Different than Predicted

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Preloading Risk Level Assessment Recommendation for Air Gap During Preloading R d ti f Ai G D i P l di
Normal Caution Normal to Maximum Air Gap Minimal Air Gap Maximum 3 5 3-5

Special Caution

Maximum 0-2

Not to Exceed 0 t N tt E d to Extreme Caution 0 Air Gap or Draft Draft

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Rig Arrives on Location Initial Penetrations Taken 5 Air Gap

Limited S il I f Li it d Soils Information . . . ti Generic Location Approval . . . No Preloading Program. . .

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Maximum preload water onboard Even penetrations on all 3 legs All useful work completed for this stage

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Dump preload water Rig jacked back to 5 air gap Prepare for next preload cycle

UNIT RE-ELEVATED

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Near end of preloading cycle Legs at even penetration Rig at 5 air gap 5

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CASE STUDY

Jack Up Rig Punch-Through PunchMiddle East

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Information Developed Prior to Rig Move MWS Location Approval Detailed Soils Analysis conducted by y y Geotechnical Expert Punch-Through Predicted Punch Preload in Water Recommended

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Rig Move Plan Agreed Prior to Siting (Two(Two-Stage Preloading)


1. Preload in Water to 100% 2. Followed by Preload at Minimal Air Gap to 100%

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Findings Leg Penetration Curve showed punch-through g punchp g


Initial penetrations were different than predicted (5 vs. anticipated 9-14) ti i t d 9 First stage of preload conducted at draft with no settlement of legs Rig raised to 5 air gap in final stages of preload 5 Port leg punch-through occurred at 91% preload punch-

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Failure in System

Agreed Rig Move Procedures Superseded by Rig Mover

Preloading Conducted at 5 Air Gap g p

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Lessons Learned Communication is very important between all parties engaged in preloading operation. It is important to keep accurate measurements of leg loads and penetrations. When the soils do not behave as Leg Penetration C Curve predicts, EXTREME C Caution is advised. Lower air gap = less damage.

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Accurate Measurement of Spud Can Load d L d and Penetration

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Case Study Estimated Punch P h Through 5 Ai G Air Gap

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Recommendations to Reduce Risk D i P l di R d ti t R d Ri k During Preloading

Utilize JRC Scope of Work for Rig Moves MWS to issue Location Approval with Geotechnical Input PunchPunch-Through Risk and Recommended Preloading Air Gap to be in MWS Approval