Brand Building

What is Brand building?

Involves all the activities that are necessary to nurture a brand into a healthy cash flow stream for the company after launch

Advertising does a lot to help build brands Every ad contributes to make the brand what it is in the minds of the consumer – David Ogilvy A company’s brand is the primary source of its competitive advantage and is a very valuable strategic asset – David Aaker .

It starts with a name and can go up or down depending on the marketing activity that is done by the marketer. A name becomes a brand when consumers associate it with a set of tangible and intangible benefits that they obtain from the product or service.Brand Equity • When a commodity becomes a brand. . it is said to have ‘equity’.

How to measure equity? • The premium a brand can command in the market • The difference between the intrinsic and perceived value of the product .

Building Brand Equity • Distinguish product from others in the market – Value proposition • Align what it says about the brand in advertising with what it actually delivers – Creating the brand .

Power Brands • Generates enormous profits • Expands future strategic opportunities .

What do power brands have that others don’t? • A distinctive product • Delivering brand promise • Personality and presence .

Personality • Emotional bond with the customer • Generates relationships measurably stronger than ordinary brands .

enforcing distinctiveness • National/international scale • Successful brand extensions • Multiple concept and channels .Presence • Seem to be present everywhere.

Brand managers of market-savvy companies need • Superior insight into customer needs • Ability to devise product/services that powerfully meet those needs • Agility to redefine its offering as those needs change • Creativity to produce exciting and compelling advertising .

Tangibles of brand equity • • • • • • • Shape Colour Size Models Price Features Benefits • Grades .

Intangibles of brand equity • Company name • Brand name • Slogan and its underlying associations • Perceived quality • Brand awareness • Customer base • Trademarks and patents • Channel relationships • Customer loyalty • Customer confidence • Competitive advantage .

Value Proposition • Broad positioning • Specific positioning • Value positioning .

Creating the brand • Choosing brand name • Developing rich associations and promises • Manage customer brand contacts to meet and exceed customer expectations .

Porter’s strategic choices • Product differentiator • Low cost leader • ‘Nicher’ .

Positioning guards • • • • • Should not be overpositioned Should not be underpositioned Should not be ambiguous Should not promise irrelevant benefits Promise should be credible .

Choosing a brand name • What does it mean? • What performance/ expectations/ associations does it evoke? • What degree of preference does it create? .

Brand names should denote • • • • • Product benefits Product quality Be easy to pronounce/remember/recognise Be distinctive Not have poor meanings in other countries or languages .

Brand Associations • • • • ‘owned’ word Slogans Colours Symbols and logos .

just like a human being. . Therfore the brand and choice of the ambassador must fit. Therefore in some way the values and personality of the ambassador rubs off into the brand.Brand Ambassadors • These are used to create the Brand personality.

Product upgradation required Product should be phased out Familiarity .Brand Status Step up advertising Esteem Cash cow. Need to sustain brand building activities Troubled brand.

Brand Vitality • Differentiation in consumer’s mind • Differentiation relevant to consumer’s need .

Brand Pitfalls • Brand experience must match brand image • Calls for managing every brand contact .