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Common Errors in English
Paul Hancock

Penguin Ouick Guides Series Editors: Andy Hopkins and Jocelyn Potter

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Contents
Getting staÉéd
7
11
.

I

Moving around
^wy
from

hom. s|rangď/foEigner
.

uMl/comDon
.

TEv.l l.arel/t.aElling

jÓuney/voFgďnight

tour/tnp

outsid.mr|d natuft/úe Óunty

H*€

d

thft

briĎs/bké ' conť ba.k/eÓ bácl
.

hnÍtsepé^fiÍy

2

@mpinďanpgité' shadodsbadé snúll erd. by/witb ny ůr . by/on foot . ivlo spain aInE tďjÍ/ar. ÓpPositďň lront of

schooland Yíork IdEtiÓn sludent/chilďPuPil
lam^gch. dďýclasrcon

.

tg.h.r/přofesor

tťi'rl d jobs wolk aďIike c.rpÚi6 chieímnag€..
Morq l{biL
P.'/buy . wag€^a]

.

m.L/job/Kupation

w.k ú'aor. Pe$onaypísnnel
y.

labou.e./volke!

rik/IaiE
táL . bavé

th.t 8o togíhď naL

. do .

n

y rš'stay . d6eďde*rt cďe of . m2t h/suit/fit.dt falings fiighteneďfŤigntnin8 forgeťleavé ĎďbuýneŘes . parstýrel'tives M.lÓrb/doth€s Comuiorior mtch/F .n/tidy good in/at .ť/tons. loF/6te tin€ rcm€nbe'r€mind Diífi .b snbll Plite/disb . explain snď word. how is she?/ . . shÓúr oaábour ' bylon my hás 16 yás/she is 16 biďtil . coÓl€ícmk M. wiós ere aboll/ble lmt aor/aatér rďli€d with/to People 49 . snalvsho knodgď . cle. . Eňind tBink abouťof . 8rcw lp/grcw . md Home lií€ 37 .Fmily aÍVMs bom Hom. aooďňal.ťcon€ hone Gu6ts fordiMq ldt l'o/foÓd. nou*/hoúe ďri}e/Elurdg. to know háin/hair aúo Mn 61 Lsing things Ígl/rcb/bur8]e ' nmu&/bad t€mpďéd . .ie clótňá iÍn .. sy/tell .oPl€ symPáthetiď.ň. sh€ Deťibin8 p. cbmdE ÉlationýEl'tiolship whaťs s}'e liké?.

/in . rctually/át B.ulti4 support/put !p wiln 6 Íme P. foíduli nB ' sincďfor ' b€íoft/a8Ó Ni8hl llÍe night/ďoing ' )€ýerday ereninýlďt nighl goodnigbv8ood ďenjng 73 Nď úd old lasťlatesr ' Óld-fashion€d/our the Óf dáte 7 Linksrs . fultbemoÉ/'hát\ moE .ft€.r afur all/in lhc .ll {oÍds *a.ioaL wtm @.'in úe md ' at la5t/6mlly otPsir€ on the othg side/bed ' .. .da/diary' tinet$lďschedule/itineŘiy Óf rim.yirg mÓre idď also .Life's ca.nd ''' jns' aliď/ifictralds .fi.t sufidb"áíýánd' dimcuhy/pÍÓblen M. ne*/this ' the di' aft€.ř @Óthď at mommt 85 fuý/frnt ' aft.sin md €íd om. ronomw PlaMingtifu agc.ms woundeďňjúred ' sicvill ' cure^Éat snr.ctuďcúrrc.t .ch/Flb for' tbrcw aťtÓ diffi.Ithou8h bď*Í ' despite/in spite of l^'laÉ Ú tháVso ' for Gaminýlo laln s.il'l idon .ďcd prebl.

Í I I I i s orammar r"tt'e-iaau p.tlrt get tbii Wn8! dort naE to/nuýnl nusvháve to . statire vcrbs clmginghrbirs usd lo FutlG dÓ^o be used to don'B Ýi]Vgoins to/Plemt continuouýpr6ňt simPle 9 Grammařll Yo! mo...r/lry b dÓ/doing. Prfe/rather 11] To or _ijrď Toor_ing! r íop/rfremb. Jnd uPerldi\? ád]<i4' aew . énouEh . muínl be/aďi be Do you or muld yÓú? l like!'d liké .h/.omPJml'.VsÓ adj&1iy6 and adve.\eÍy .bs snd bmď or m.ry? EÍ lll 123 lid. Posiiion of adverbs 10 Gřammař cmd Muó Good ed too. lol of . su8g€ý 2 adjativ4 d vďbs fÓlowed by to word Órd.fel' . nu.nl t 99 sihPl€ Past ed premt pst sinPlé/PEsenl Pcrfecl present perfďt simPle ánd rňtinlous and co.tinúÓN Paý sinPle and continuoB . su...

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education and family.How can this book help you? Everyone who learns English makes the same mistak€s at first. What's in this book? TheŤe are ten chapters covering different areas. such as travel. and this book shows you examples ofthese mistakes and how to coÍrect them. Many ofthe mistakes are illustrated. so you can see exactly what people are really sýng when they make them! This helps you ro und€ntand why they're wrong' and to stop making them. Each chaptel has five sections and altosether there aře moťe than 300 examp]es of t}?ical mistakes' includinS confused words. work. . prepositions and 8rammar There are also Reúew exercises to give *.

Choose a section which interests r-be you. Try looking at a few mistakes every day and see how you begin to remember them.\'ou more practice in noticing mistakes and saying what you want to say correctly. Each page can be studied on its own. and b€cause there are not too many examples on one page. How to use the book . You'll learn more by doing some quick study like this regularly. why is it called a Quick Guide? The explanations ofthe mistakes are short and simple. Enioy illlrstratioD aDd then read the explanation and the other examples on that page. I . you can choose any page and sPeDd a few miautes learning about those mistakes.

Go to the Index and your own language. Look explanations so that )'ou caťt see them' Can you remember why it's a mistake and how to correct ít? Keep testing yourself like this until you remember and aŤe ready to mov€ on to another section. w te down the examples in I hope you find the book both useful and amusing! ío . Do the R€vi€w s€ction exercises and check the Answeis at the back of the book. . at the mistakes again and cover the . .The following symbols are used: t a sentence containing an eror I a sentence that is not incorrect but is often y' used incorrectly a correct sentence.

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We don't want Íoreigrels here! Í |ohn is a very usual name in Britain. so avoid it. not usllal. u$lal mmn0n slrange ÍoÍei9n y'It was interesting to have class discussions with people fiom othel countries. stsangers aíe people you've neveÍ mel beÍore' People ď obeÍ nationalities are íolrigneÍs' bul bis is often used neqalively. y' fohn is a very common name in Britain 12 .Away from home l stlan9eí foreign€Í lt was interestin8 to have c]áss discussions with otheř stlan8eÍs. For maryexamples oÍ sometiing' sáy common.

l Thele were a lot of stŤan8e students in my class. . someť ng stran9é is not noÍmal aíd makes you UncoÍíorlable' sudents Írom otieÍ counbies aÍe forsign sludents' ýThere were a lot of fofeign students in my class.

Travel f tlavel ioUm€y trip I love travet When you aíe speakino geoeÍally. . l' you visí á lď of diffeíent places bv bus. business ttip next ffigfit Í w€ went on a iouíney round tlre citt' bY bus. it is cálled a n y'we went on buí a bus tour Ťound the city. it is more y'l love trav€l|ing' going on a business trsv€l Í I'm next lour slrcet řoad TÍável is uncoÚntable (wňhout d]'\ou can go on or /'ale á journey' lf you go and come back y'I'm going on afteÍ a shoÍt l'me' itš called a a tip.

stsEots aíe in lowns ánd villaqes. oxford and Bath are ! Did you have a good voyage? Voyage is an oldJashioned wod for lonq joumeys by ship. Wih houses oo lhem Belween towns' theÍe are aoads.X The streets betweeo Oxford and Barh are b€autifrí. y'The řoads b€tw€en beautifrrl. y'Did you have a good ioujnýflight? .

a lot of {É . This is wmg if youte in Brilain and ialkjÍq to someone in Btltain' You usually coíle to and h.Here and there X I'll have to bring a lot of books with me when l ome hack to FŤánce.it{ lhirus to $€ pla€e wheÍe you ďe speaking' t/t brought clothes lvith me when I cam€ to En8laÍd.

c0m0 (back) g0 (back) YoU usually !o to and t'le bings to a difl€r€ít place íÍomtne pbc. wjreÍe you ďe speaking' .y'I'll have to take a lot of books with me when I go back to France.

oo co Rome. y'You must come and visit me in * .o(lt a tme wien yo! will be anobeÍ place' you can Us? come and bÍln!' iÍl y' I'll have to bring a lot of books with me when I come back to ltaly.I you'Íe talking lo someone 3l'.

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y'The scenery in the Lake District is very beautiftrl.Outside worl x I love going nafure foŤ walks in nature. A place to put a tenl is a y'We found a campsite near the town. . you qo Íor wall6 in lňe coUnlry' love going for walks in the country landscapé scenery camping campsitE f The landscape in the Lake District is very beautiful. stadow shedé Í We found a camping near the toýr'n' cen!6ib.ll you lovefelds and trees. Landsc{pe is normally used by arlists oÍ geooraphers' When you go to lhe counÍy you enjoy lhe beautitul scenery. fie countsy y'I llafure is lhe WoÍld of planls and animals lhal bioloqists sfudy.

Íbr example)' sat outside in the shad€.a buildiÍg or a tÍee. .I I sat outside Á in the shadow. sňadow is made by youÍ body or your hand and is too gnall10 sit in' lf itš loo hot. you sit in he sňade (made by ýI sÚmelhing bigger.

by car mis meáns that the car aclrompanies you| You go to Work by caí (without mx etc')' 'e{ I You can get to the hotel by foot. y'she ařrived late at the office iň pig can nev€Í arrive lo a place' You can anive in a town oí counlry oÍ at other places' !* . bul on ímt' y'You cán get to the hote] on íoot' arive at Í I hope yoďll YoU can YoU come in spain soon. or fuot come b You go by car' by plane' etc'. th€ office late. ií Írcnt oÍ opposi!E y'I hope you'll come to Spain soon. x she aŤrived to YoU come and go in a Íoom or house' Íávelio a counÍy or toltn.Small words X She goes to work with her car. y'She goes to work by car.

. say: ýTheÍe\ a cinema oPPosite my house.! There's a cinema in front of my house. l' tieíeš a cinema on the olheÍ side ď the Íoad.

. I'm in Ly. car or '. the station just in time. We often have (sttangerslforeignersl peopte other co Those cloties are very ( usuall commofi) in ul|tri es) stay].vríth \rs' from lapat. I hope you can (gol.on. 2 Áre you comin8 .. .'. foot? 3 I went ...... Only the English sir in the sun in summer. ( IatelBnrg) your family with you.. I'm coming to Rome on abnsiness (tíipltrave|]. Could you give me a (tourljo tnef) of the city?. 4 They arrived ...nl...Review A 1 choose the coÍÍeclanswer. #$ . B Complete lhese sentences.ome) here soon. The locals sit in the . America last year. I really love (trat ell travellíng) ' I enjoy long tÚain (yoyagesl journeys).

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.hool heíe aíe sahoo|childÍcí or iust childíon (pupil6 is moíe íoímal)' prcÍessoÍ teaGh€Í y' . sludents aÍe older leameís. children in my learn teach Í My y'My school professors were ftiendly. a .Education .í When I started school aged seven' there w€re student chitd 20 students in my class. class GlassÍoom schoo] teacheÍs weie Íiiendly_ Í My English teacher learnt me a lot.n liem' y'My English T€achers teacher laught me a lot. iaach you things and }ou lea. there were 20 class. . 0nly universilies have pmíessoÉ or lecluréís' schools have téácfiéí6. over 1 6 and at univeÍsily' ln s.

Í There The are some nice pictufes in my class' class leam is y'Thele lie dássÍoom. & . is the group ď people leaming' The place where you are some nice pjctures in my classřoom.

Work and jobs a .

' What's youŤ occupation.g.Í I work like a waitress on Fridays' lnuo lltí. witnout my. \bu can finish some work and fien do some diÍferent woÍk' A job (árchitec! teacheÍ etc') is lie same every day. like neans sinilar to e. Í l have a good work.k. l woÍk /ike a s/ayelTo tell someone youÍ po6ition al y' I work as a waitress on FridaYs. David? ocaupalion is a íoÍmal word' usuďly used in wífing (ďicial foÍms etc')' ljsé iob' y'whatš your iob?/what do you do? . rrork as lfor* is uncountable. tis etc You go to wo. Jou4 y' I go to work by bicYcle. work lob occuPatioll y' I have a good iob. xl go to my wolk by bicycl€.

Companies otrte. r There aíe two chiefs in my office. í) . \ou can ha\E a chEl PrecutÚe' o| chleÍ accounťant' bu| a chie' is Usuallv lhe |eád€roÍá Inbe oÍAmencan lndians'At y'There ar€ tivo managers in my oífice. work you have a boss or a manager.

Ýork foÍ . frnance comPaÍy' ÍI \'řork in the pelsonal department. Personál means connecbd wilh your plNale liÍe.t The labourers have asked the managers for more moneY ln industry' pay and condÍtioís are discussed by w!Íkers and managp ent' y'The !ďorkers have asked the management for moŤe moneř chiď managel woÍkar management YJort in/loa Í I wolk in a finance company' Use in 10 say WheÍe e'áďly you woÍk in a conpany' e'g' in he accounb deparínent Ío tell someone about your employeí: y' l \. The departmenl thai helps individuals at woÍk is he peísonnel depaíÍnent' . e'g' can I ask personal peŤsoínal peBonď W a y'I work in the PeŤsoínel department.

Itu have b pay someone for somethino whcn you buy it. becaus€ you don't buy things') y'lí you pay for thes€ thc food. (you can pdy he bi]l and uy ta. I It buy the drinks. l'lJ buy rhe drinks' g .Money f If you pay the food.

A price Íisas when il increases. usually doing physicaljobs' gď a Í€eklywage' Most people nowadaF. y'we'll have to rais€ the pfice of this pÍoduct. especially pÍoÍessionals' get a nonl''salary' y'DoctoÍs 8et a 8ood salaiy' pay íor r Wď have to rise the price of this wa9e salaay product.X DoctoB get a good wage. some woÍkeÍs. we say: YoU pay a y' The cost oí living is very high in London. pric€ in oíder to have somethinu' To say how expensive a city or counÍy is. rise raise price cost ď living Í The price of living is vely high in London. but ií someone increases a pÍice' lhey ňbe lhe pÍice. .

Words that go together .

I . We make a speech. We take a course. we hare a m€ďin8.ko have donl We take an exam. we máke a phone call. We i. work. maLe an We bnve a lesson. w€ mske a mistake.ffi do a mistake. We take a day off make an we have an interýiew. We do a job or sorne make an exercise. We do busines mak6 do with somebody. We donl we do an exercise.

. any mi 2 If you . B completB lh€6s With . take oÍ have I Can you .I work (itrl a television compány. She works (litďas) a secretary and in a café....Review 2 A choosé lhe coÍÍeď answeř. a phone call now. 3 I can't .... you'Il . we're . that exam......nake. but he goes (Ío t'islÍo) Teachers get a good (salarylwcge) inlapan but the (coslprice) ofliving is also higher there. this exam without . He's the (clri'rlboss). |atehastwo (jobslworks)' by bicycle. an interview to test your spoken English. I My geography (prolessorlteacher) at schoolwas very nice... She (aughtl leaí'f) us a lot' What (do you tlol are you doing)? ..

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born gÍow (up) ln English we s€e t Your children are much taler really have grown up. To .Fami Í I am boln in Madrid' his only as a past aďion' y'I was born in Madrid. slrict y'Your children are much taller they Ťeally have groriŤ. say: r I have many pařents in my town' pařents' otieÍ íami! You can only have two 3 y'I have many relatives in my town.they grow up means to become an ádult and act parcnt aelalive slÍong like one. y' l want to be a nuŤse v/hen I gŤow up. when childíen 9ď physically bigger. membeís aÍe r€laťvos' .

39 . it's a physical chaÍacteÍistic' A peÍson makes childreníollow ÍUles is íÍicl' ýMy father was Very strict with us as children. iňo stsoílg.t My father was veÍy stron8with us lÍ someone is as childÍen.

Home and away 10 .

at . I want to go home. (I'1l get hom€/l'll come hom€ . or to }oUÍs?When you ď€ lired. e'g' sl.Í I'm Iesting at my friend's house all you'Íelired' lí youte livinq in You ÍRst when someone's house. ) l rll ) . ýe you later I'll r€tuin home about eight. ]bu only say my house ifyou aÍe choosing. usé slay' ýI'm stayin8 at my frjcndt house all rest stay house home t I'm tired.allwe go to fiy house. 8€lum home and anive homé are Íormal' can say: ýl'll mímally you behome at about eight. I want to go to my house.'. you want to go homs' ýI'm tired.

Guests for dinner .

's . We usuallv dGan usino waler YoU cán quickly tidy a room by putting everyhinq in ils place.Í I really The love the French kitchen. y'I ]ove F.ench food. cookol cook y' My sist€r is a very good cook. (without úé) is lhe room wheÍe you cook| You say Fíench cui6inr' but you Usually say: caí kilchco kitchcn Í00d l My sister is a veíy 8ood cookei. just clean the living řoom' I'll doan tidy y'I'll just tidy the living room. ! The guests will be here soon. A cooker is a machine (gás oí eleclnc)!A peÍson !Ýho cool(s is a caok.

Meals X Deliciousl This is my favourire plate! y'This is my favourite dishl The hing you put food on is ca ed a ptale. itš called a dish- 4 . Wten you cook food in a padiculaí way.

. Í we doďt All meals are Without á (beakfast. you usually say you havs brlaklast' nď eat it' ýwe don't usua]ly haYe breakfást. vou ]ike some des€řt? Í Wonlá Á désen a phce tiat's all sand' e'0' t'e sáhara deserL The sweet lhing you eal at lhe end oÍ a meal is tie dessBrl' l deseň dess€Ít have breakÍast /Would you like some dessert? usually €at a bŤeakfasÍ. - that's Food is what you buy and can use to make your favouíle meal' A meal can have one' 1w0. Also. fiÍee or more co|jrsés' y' Pizza followed by ice-cream that's !latE dish meal my favourite meal.' Pizza foltowed by ice cÍeam my favourite food. /mcf and dt'nei.

Garc To about také ca. wilh someone' but you ďe maííiedlo somebody' y' I didďt know that Anna was aÍbr look married to Paul. l l didn't know You can live that Ánna was married with Paul.€ oí maÍried !o good at look íoÍ ÍoÍ bem' care aboul someone means to have Íeelinqs someone you y' lÍyoule phtsica||y Íesponsible toí Lke cáí€ oÍlhem' ' . .Small words X \{hen my mother went to work. x My sistel y'My P€ople is veŤy good in cooking. my aunt caled about us. . my aunt took €are of us. are good or bad at somehing' sister is very good at cooking.

you loot aíteÍit' lÍ you y'.. look íoÍsomething.r Jim's away' so l'm looking íor his houseplants. so l'm looking after his houseplants. . you try 1o fnd Ll' lf you aÍe íesponsible Íoísomelhino..

but when I was small. a boy who lived near her house! ( .I enjoyed going to her 1r..... us children during the day. She was very happy when I got married 13) .. sometimes w€ (5) '.'. '.. . .... .. . . because although she was quite (e) . houses. . much more than going to my other (s) .. .... When I grew 0r) .. home until late. so my grandmother looked (a) . My mother had to leav€ (r) .. . I (l) .. .. she was good (lo) . very early to Bo to work and she didnl {3) .. and left (rr) ..Review 3 Complete the gaps. playing with childŤen. with us when we behaved badly. '. . born in Lisbon... to go to univeřsity' my grandmother was very sad... at my 8randmother's house for the night. Later. . I cried because I wanted to 8o (ó) .

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Character Í I have good y'I 50 relations with my father ln politlcs' counlri€s can have good Íelationswith each othel WithÍamily and fÍiends you have a good/bad Íélalionship' have a good relationship with my father .

x he's very nice.. It takes a feií days to know ne\a people.. y'It takes Firsl you have to gď to tnow new p€ople.. you know hem. .l new people. E veÍv nicé oÍ likeablé' y'.í I've neveř met youl sister how is she? You only ask w€ll The answeí miqm be sheš 'iďyery To ask about lhe chaÍacter of someone you íow is sie? iÍ you know heí' y'. whaťs she like? ' relďons Íelationship Í t en'oyed the party eÁv meeting your bÍother at A sympeth4lic person lndeÍstands youí pÍoblems and feels solíy for you A person - he's veŤy sympalhetic' whatš she like? syrnpathďic nice gct to kíolY whn ls t0 hke. a íe\4 days to get to know S. AÍter hat..

Describing people .

X My daughter has YoU hails íyou can counlthem' e'q' There arc L|o hai/s ín ny souplTf. my mother and father slnall opposib of big oí largo' The high quite shořt.e |l... . is lhe opposil€ of l'll is sioň' y'.aiJ on yoÚÍ head is usually uncountable' hairs heiÍ y'My daughter is 16 yeam. are both tall Small short Í I've got brown YoU only say haiÍs' y'I've got brov/n hair.t My fuiend is two metres high! You can talk about a peíson's y'My íÍiendis two say someone is two metÍes láll' h€igm' but you metťes tďl! Í I'm very tall. but my mother and father are both quite small. 16. mn ňave yeaÍs ď exleÍience' but you say someone is I 6 (years old).

looks good on you. il suils you. \bu can say a pai. X That dress rcally matches you. ď lrcusé|$' or lňese y'These trousers are nice.Clothes l tousers mrtch suit Íit cloth clothes This tlouseř is nice. # . tousers (pluml). Íf lie colours aÍe siÍnilaílf someťIng you weaÍ YoUr y'That dress really suits you. size it suits me y'This is the right size ir frrs me perfectly. I This is the right pelfectly. jacket can mald! youÍ lrousers. lÍ something you weaÍ is the Íiqlrt size' you say rt lits you.

Í I hope I can End
A

a

nic€

cloů to wear

cloli is a piece ol malerial' People wear clolies, but lieÍe is no singulaí You have to say a dr'ss, á sultetc' ln ÍoÍÍnal language you can talk about an item oÍclothing'
wear.
56

y'I hope I can find some nice clothes to

Communication
X I watched a car accident yesterday.
watch also means you decide to give your atlenlion to somehing f0í some time' You Bee
To

watch
6ee

y'I

somefiing even if you don't wantlo.

satý a car accident yesteŤday.

say
tell explain hear lislen

X He said me that I was wrong.
say wilhout me, you elc.: He said that lwas wrong,yo|J $n tatk about whal sJmeone said toyot He sakl hďlo to ne' lÍ someone gives you informatjon, you say ta told ne that l w6 wrong Íwilhout b)'
You usually use

y'He said that

I rar'as

b

me that I was wrong.

wrong./He told

x she explained m€

the pÍob]em.

y' She explďned the problem to me.

,

I oÍlen hear jazz at

home'

y'l

when yo! hear somelhinq, you don'ldecide 1o' it just coÍnes 10 yolrears'When you decide1o give your atlention foÍ a lonqer peÍiod ďlim€, you lislen to somelhing'

often listen to iazz at home.

e'o . _. you remind them atoul it. _ lf you aÍe . Peter renincls ne oI ny bqlher .they have vely sinilar faces' lí you Want to be sure someone d{resn't forgel something.Small words l Í Peter becaus€ reminded me of the chicken in the oven' y'Peter reminded me about rhe chicken léminded ď someone or somehing' you hink ď it lhere's a similarily.

t put the tent up all bY mY own litiere is yorlr own oÍ by youÍs€lí. shout to him. meď ouÍ secŤetary is thinkin8 aborrt leaving.you do things on y' I put the tent up all on mY own remind .. nobody 1o help you. of t That's my friend on the other side the street. you aÍe thintiío ď doing it' thinking áboot somelhinq' it is remind me about on my think about y'Our secretary is thinkng of leaving.aq ... you shoÚt lo them' t'11 y' -. .I'll shout at him You think ď shoul shoul at someone when you're anory' To attÍact someone's altention. lÍ you'Íe happening in your head al this moment. eg YtM hlk woÍied' steven' |ýhaÍ are you lhkking abouť2 lf you have a plan but you\e nď sure about it yet.

... . It really . 1 a good relationshiďoood relations a) BŤitain has .. .. b) This shiŤt is the right siz€. sympathďiďnice she?Mhatš she |ike? a) Trevor listens to your problems .. '..... me perfectly' a) I think I .. ffi .. person. with her boss.. b) Barbara has . erening and \^'e're hear/listen to going to . b) l'm loolting forward ro seeing Mar) again. ..he's very .. It .. you.Beview 4 complete each s€nlence wilh these phÍases.. .. him. Íits/suits a) You look good in that iacket. ' . 2 3 4 5 How is a) I don't know fimmy's wife.. b) Iill has many friends she's a very... somebody cryin8! b) lack's plaving piano ar úe pub thi. with Argentina now. ...

.

Losing things Í Someone stole a house in London yesterday.t [ouses' rcbbeís mb banl?é and thieves íeal lhinqs írom y'Someone burgled a house yesteřdař 62 . awaÍ Burglars b(ltole I you gteál somefiing' you lake .

YoÚ remember me to bring y'Annette remind€d me to some cups. but you rcmind anolher p€rson to do il' b ng Í I hope I will wasb lime. I don't want to waste rny time. you l refiind waste time y' . - . io do something.ÍqotEn to bÍing nv lunch! but you léavélhinos in anďheípláce' y' I've left my lunch at home. sleal rob buÍglc Í0Íget leáve remembeí x Ann€tte remember€d some cups. learn a lot because don't want to lose my time. ll}1)u don'tspend yourtime usefully.X I've forgotten my lunch at homel \ou can say lýe f. .

.Difficult feelings ry.

lhey aíe . boÍEd. like an exam)' lf someone a/}ýa]/s has a dimcut chanctel you c€n say hey are bad_temp€red' Ííighteniíg fÍightened ll€ÍYous bad!empered y'My boss is difficult to work forshet always very bad-tempered. boring' tiring etc'. lÍ someone oí somethino isfÍiqhEning. lf you aÍe getting hefuelinq fÍom someone or somefiinQ'you are Írioilentd.ausing he fuelino.liÍld etc' y'Young childÍen are oíten frighteÍed X My boss is difficult to work for she's always very n€rvous. gel on my neÍves Í His sin8ing is making me nervous! y'His singing ll someone hás a bad habit' it can get on yo{r neívrs or aníoy or iÍÍitale you' is getting on my nerves. .! Young children are often frightening. lleÍlotls neans worrieal and lackng confidence (usually before somefiina important.

ll you have to live wÍfi sonethino you don'l like' you pul up wilh y'..Lifers difficulties f The peopte upstairs are a problem.. * . but il (tolerate is ÍoÍmal)' sJppoÍl means 10 hold somehing up' we just have to put up with them. but we just have to support them.

x doťt invite Robert to the paÍty. but you cán't have a difficully. Please lf yo$ dislike someone very sÍongly' you y'. so you can't usé it witi lrá'y' You would say bat somďhing has cáu6éd a lď ď toublo' difficulty problem touble cause y'The new system has caus€d oftroubl€ at woik' a lot ffi . X The nei{ system has made many troubles at work. suppon with put up Í They have a bi8 difEculty with teenage son. Us€ á prob|em instead' cant stand y'They have a big problem ivith theii teenage son.I really can't suffeř him. '. their YoJ have diÍlicutly oÍ diííicullies wiťl sometňino. I leally caťt srand him' cantt stand or canrt bear fiem. TÍouble is Usually uncounlable.

Med cal problems Í Two people were wounded in the traffic accident' People aÍe woundeí in a fight oÍ wa! by guns or knives etc' lÍ peopleš bodies a.ť were in|ured in the tŤaffic accident. . hey ďe injured' /Two people $.e damaqed in an accident.

rEcsipl when you pay iÍ a shop' A doctor qives you á pÍe6cripťon' Pheímacy is a loímal woíd. We usually say he chémistbYoU gel a y'The doctor gave me a prescription and I took it to the chemist's. were tÍesred at city tÍeat Í€c€ipt prescaiption . wounded iniurcd t The injured were cured at City Hospital.í The do€tor 8ave me a r€ceipt and I took it to the pharmary. lí someone has been 3ick' it usually means lhey have vomiled food fÍom lheir stomach' When someone is nď al work because ď illness they aÍe olÍ sick' but qenerally say| y'Anna has been iI| for thr€e da}'s. s .! Ánna has been sick for three days. People can be cured oÍ a dÍs€ase' ií the disease disapp€aÍs complelely' But all people in nospital aÍe tsoaisd by doďors' sick i Gut€ /The iniured Hospital.

Small words .

.ns qÍÍiceÍsearched the car Íol d/U(6. í The man was ki|led by a knife' The mán was kjlled with a knife. To searci someone or somefiing means to examine every part ď it to look foÍ some1hing' c'g. limw something al someone aggÍ€ssively' e'q' /vercr firow stores at peqple/ ll }ou Want b be heIpÍul' you can liÍow something to somebody' kill by killwith y' She threw the ball to me. lÍ somehing is missing' you s€arch íol' or look foÍ il' y'The police are searching for the missing teenager search s€aÍch Íor ' we Practised thro\ťing the ballat You lhÍow ď thÍolv to each other.X The police are searching the missing teenager. The clÁfo. by lhe peÍson using it' ý The man was killed with a knife.

l find my woÍk veÍy l ) i ntefesteilJ intenesifig so I don't mind. because she! always t' makinglmusing trouble. But the only thiřr8 the boss could talk about was what a big (. One of my ( z erýouslbad-tempeÍed person and anolher one really Lt.& that she ended up being B) telltedl cureil in hospital. colleagues is a very {:) ůough. Last week her personal assistant was so (t illlri.9) diífidltyl problern it is when people are off work! ffi . A putting up withl suppotting the other people in the ofnce.Review 5 choose the cořÍ€ct wořd(s). gers on ny nemeslmakes me neryour with his stupid iokes. It's the boss I real]y can't o súfferl stand.

.

When exactly? ila 74 Itr .

! tomolmw The conference is next Thursday the day after tomorrow.t ['ll see you in Monday morning. but on llonday' so vou say on lllonday mominq. y' we'ie meeting on May l8th. you say l'/š lňUrsday exl ÍhuíMay is fie following week. You don't use a pÍeposilion before l8Íl nert next Thursday lhe day aÍte. so you say on Monday in May on May on May 181i. y'Your grandmother is coming next Thursday. You say in May bul on lňé'l8lh.te . X we're meeting in May l8th. You sav in y' I'll see you on Monday morning. lho Úoming. :. ll youte lalking about lhis week. X Your grandmother is coming on next Thursday.

H!é rsla/or I ..'anuary's production flfu rAŠ Tea8ets Íoř MaŤch 3 lÍow pÍ'oduď plans >É+ol\ ogpintrroi tu sday 3.y' Án AGENDA . y'I've put the appointment in my diařy.. 6!6nda is a list ď í'ngs to be discussed at a meeling' You write yoÚr appoinlments in a dia.3€'!ía Íof f.aloD!o' IŤodrrcdoE rca'n _ .j5 Ár5.Planning time . otheŤ business X I've put my doctort appointment in my agenda.

y'I'm afraid the manager is busy at . (e'g' an ďice)is occupied wien people aÍe an it' ftcupléd is ralheÍ íormal foÍ people' We say thev ďe busy oÍ wesaya place unavailabl4. Í w€'ve Íeceiv€d th€ schedule for your touŤ of Germany. limebbles ďe y'Top managers have busy schedules. The plan Íof travellino to many places on a tour is called an ilinéráry' agenda diary limetable schedule y'we've leceived the itineÉry for youř tour of Germany. foÍ buses oÍ lrains and schools' People have busy sclEdul€s.Í Top managers have busy timetables. iťnerary 0cclrpi€d busy f t'm afraid the manageŤ is occupied at the moment.

For tells vou how long somelhing happens you when it happened.Periods of time ' ?8 I8o skiing foř the winter. duÍinďn tells rhe Winler. y'l go rkiing for two weeks durinýin .

n04 during sincG ag0 use ago.I She's lived here since three years. y' Davjd came here six months ago. We don'l usually Ús€ sime Wih ago' You can say either of hese. f Dávid's been here since six months ago. tol four days' y' she's lived heie for thrce years. Use since to say when á pres€nt aďion hegan' e'g' since 1997. To say how long somelhing happened íor . e'o' Íor Ílree yeaÉ. y'David's been here since |uý :iř .eÍore y'They went to live in the States two yearc a8o. x They went to live in the Stat€s before two years. since Monday'ÍotAlk about peíiods of tiíne lrow /orq]. use íor.

llsomefiinq hápp€ns in y' We often go for a meal in the eveÍing. ýeep'nq l0Í it wákes you Up)' YoU cín qo Íol a mea|in the évening (bei/Veen aboW6 pm and ]0 pm)' tie niglí' il's when you aÍe i& .Night time f We often go for a meal in the night.

lasi night goodnight good X Goodnight.when you meetsomeone formally in the evenino' yoÚ say Good evéning' eveíing y' Good €vening. Can I introduce you to my wife? . Can I intmduce you to my wife? ftoodnaght means goodb!é when you leave someone al nioht.I What time do you go to bed in the evenrnS? You Usuá]ly do hings in tne evoning. and go lo bed át night' y'What time do you go to bed at Dight? nigm evoring l Did you go out y€steiday night? \h ne{eÍ 9y yesterfuy niqhtoí last evenkg. We say yesteÉay evot|itt!' which is eaílier y6st rday evening y'Did you 8o out yest€rday eveniný last night? han last nigm. Mr stevens. Mi stevens.

New and old

)í of course' everyone wants to buy the last rnobile phone.
The mobile phone wit\ the newesl developmenls is the latest mobib phone.

y' Everyone wants

ůe latest mobile phonc.

M

Í We

year and

bought this computer system last it\ aheady old-fashioned. last
latest

0ld-'a3l'io''ed means bejongj'g lo aD ojdeÍ period' somethjno can be quit6 new' but ií itš
nol the lalest technology, it's out ol dale.

y' Our computel system is out oí date.

,

Mr Zapdos is the actud President.
Acluál me?ns real (not imaojned oí llanned) e.g. W said the bidge would cost ,4n, but fi8 á.t'ál cost nas f6m The Přesident now is he cuíont oÍ p'€se0t PÍesident' is the

frshionéd
out ď date

old-

y'Mr Zapdos

current President.

acfual cuÍÍónt

I

They lived in Rome for a few years, but sctually they're in Pisa.
Actjally Íneans in lacl and is used to corÍect a
wÍong idea, e'g- sheš not ny wife sl]e's ny girtfÍiend, actuauy'Io say ýýhal soneone is doing now ..-

aclually
at the m0rnem

a/

'

.

' they'ře in Pisa at the moment.

!{

Review 6
i
Compleb each sentence with thesa words.

l

iďon

a) I'll seeyou.... the moÍning' b) She\ leaving.... Monday morning.
agendaldiďy

2

a) I'll check her birthday it'sinmy..... b) This is imPortant. Put it on the .'.' foť the
next meeting.
during/Íoí

3 4 5

a) I was in Bngland .... three weeks. b) He learnt to swim .... the summer.
foí/since

a) I've been working heře .... thlee years. b) H€š lived in Flance '.'. 1998.

a) . '.. and welcome b) .... I sleep well!

Goodnaohvcmd evening

to the Ro}'al Álbert HaI.

.

'l Atíirsttelsyou howsomething itchanges and y'Át fiřst it doesn'1íinish this Waý was easy.Begin and end Í At fiŤst We had soup. 86 ./First we had soup. begins. bL. but then it becamc difficult' For an action lial happens and Íin]sh€s before anotherone. say: .

€íd eíd ' Át last' I wi[ end my talk with in the some statistics. íinally' I will end mY talk with statistics. tio end (oÍ b€glnning) sometfinO. a bus came For the lasl oí a numbeí oÍ acllons.X We spent tlvo hours trying to find the restaurant. some . At the end we went home. a booMilm. ora holiday lf a sÍfualion chanqes and ends in an unexp€cEd way' you cán use in lhe end' You can only say at of y' we spent two hou$ trÉg to find the Íestaurant.g. use y'Finally. At last means thal you have waited bo long Íor soÍnething' at laď fiÍally y' We waited over 25 minutes at the bus stop. In the end' we went at fiÍst fiíst at lhe home. At last. e.

Áfter*'ards' we went for a pizza.. the comput€ř stopped working. After' AfteÍ talking about one action' intÍoduce y'We saw a reďy good film. sUá'l?atdoes bďh actions in AÍlcÍ... w€ went for a piŽŽa. anoiheÍ witl Aítor list. afleÍ You lie sentence' '. . and past tenses as usual. afbrwaÍds Í We saw a really good film. iave to Us€ boťl subjects iÍ they aÍe diffeÍent.One after another Í Afier switching YoU can only Use the li8ht on' the computer stopped working. or AÍlarwards.ing if lhe sal'e y'Áfier switching the li8ht on' I closed the curtains.ing aíleÍ that y'Áfier I switched th€ li8ht on.

.

q) .

.. tlme albr all in the end liis y'Í doťt think Daniel should be allowed out late . I'!l come back again aftel Ío say how lono b€íoíe something will happen in the fl'lure. (tmB). lf tlÍngs happen to make you chanoe plans' y' In the end we decided to cancel it.. After ď.Í Goodbye. he's only 16. x There booking the holiday. us? itl.afteÍ all.. I'tl come back again in úree weeks'time. decid€d to cancel it. . Altď all means you shouldn't fo0et impodam point: !ÝeÍe so many probl€ms with we ií . y' Goodbye.

Saying more .

A1 \Ýell. When youle sp€ákinq to use infoÍmally' it's better y'Greatl sally s coming to the paŤty. Atso UsJally comes beÍore to bel.. Furthermore.. ffi . FuÍthermole. fie verb (bul aíler y'saÉh speaks German alm spealc French. it would have cost advantaSes. She speals French also. sh€ lhe erd of a senEnce. what\ morq she's bÍinging lane! Whatš moít .f Sarah speaks German well. you can Use l0o 0í also x Great! sallťs coming to th€ party. she's bringing lane! tuÍÚrenlore is Uséd in moÍe foÍmal language to inlmduce anolher ideá' íllalhg'rn0íe rYhat'5 molE y' The proposed bridge would be more efl'icient.

shet still beautitul.Opposite ideas )í Your mothert startins to look old. ca An aíqumenl does have two sid€s' ' but we say: ' on úe other hand. On the other side. y'. she\ 'lill beauliÍu'' .

'.rjpe'gve Horr€ver (more íormal) goes with olheÍ hand althouoh howaYer y'We unde.a It's a nice car.lthough I did enjoy it. allhough links opposite ideas i/' one settence y'Álthoúgh the film was too lon8' I did enjoy it.a Despite of the problem. we managed to frnish on time. . A. y'ln 0r you can say: spite of the pÍoblem' we . we can't he]p. bÚt ltš é. . howeÝel iti on the expensive. Don't usé ď after despito' lie second opposile idea in anďher senlence' despite in spite ď y'Despite the pÍoblem' we . Use but in infoÍmal language: /tŠa nice car..stand your Problem How€veÍ. .Í The fiIm was too lon8..

whv? x My mÓther sPilt ketchup on my so dress so thst I had to wear a different one. a comma (. lJse so (wih liát means to do one lhinq becáuse yotl want s0 that y' My mother spilt ketchup on my dress. io y' I came here to learn English. is used foÍ íor doino to explain wiat somelhing .oher thing to hapgen. y'This knife is for cutting meat. so I had to wear a difierent one.) bďoÍe it)Íor a resJÍlthat peÍhaps no_one Mnted' so to do X I came here for leaming Inglish. lÍ you Waol lo say úyyou do somefiinq' use íor doing do' nď Íoídoing. a. t This knife is to YoU can Use clt meat.

.{ .

a plb and aftenva swe 2 3 4 5 went to a disco.Beview 7 A conect l lhe woÍds in ÁÍÍrJfwewent to iblics' iÍ neceesary. . We spent an hour waitttgfot abw. At the end we decided to walk.use it's (Ío 4 punch holeslfor punching holes). but that wasnl the reason (ofl for) l My PC crashed. bec. and aÍ ldsÍ ther€ is the question of cost' I'm goin8 to France ifi thÍee !r'eeks' ifne You shouldn't expect her English to be good afer al| she's orrly been leařning it for a year. Yes. 2 l wenl lo lown (íoř doing lo do) my shoppin|o. Those ale al] the practical problems. (Jolso Íl'al) I called the helPline. it was cheap. btying |t. B chooso the coÍr€ct answer. 3 This is called a hole-punch.

.

For lwo paý aclions after each othel use 1wo pasl simples' r/I lived in Italy íor two yeals. undeEland somelhinq is peÍmanent' l]se píesenlsimp1e' llse paslcontnuous when you need lo saythatsomefiing happened in lhe middle ď the aclion. y' I was living in ltaly wh€n I met my $'ife. Then I came here. . To y'I understand this grammar now.ln the middle? Paď ďmde and Ítrsr{ sinpla cmťnuous siaťYe r'rrbs and continrots x I woŤk in scotland this week' y'I'm working in Scotland this weckThisiemporary activity willfinish afler a period of time. so use present conlinuous. f I'm understanding this grammar now.

selliflg f What are you doing? _ I'm s€lling presentsimple. €'0. someone's job' use /What do you do? . 1&t . Íhe present conlinuous heÍe describesWhatis happening at the moment' ForpeÍmanenl routlnes. computers.I sell computers.

say HoW lorp are you in Canbidge? you arc 1alking about tjme that includes the fuluíe' e'g' Until May.\ince Váy. use pastsimpte. Foí lr]i|e including ihe past and present. use pr€sent perfuct' . .Past and present Í I've been in LondoÍ yesterday' in Totalkabouta parlicutar lime y' I was in London yesteŤday. f How long are lÍ you pu in Cambriil8e? y'How longhave you been in Cdmbridge? Since May. since t998. for three 1i'r' You sáy íor a peÍiod oÍ tiÍne and since a poim in time' years. y'. ... X I've lived here since three years.. lie past..

.í I've been paintin8 three rooms todaý To say how mích you have done.. Use present peíect simple' y' I've paint€d three řooms today. y'I've b€€n Ío descÍibe aclivity oveí a peÍiod of lime' Use continuous' painting all afternoon.

Changing habits
ÍM_ÉWM

lřč

!

l

came to Bngland in 1986. I used to dŤive on the left.
lf you used to do somelhing, it's a pasl habit that you don't

do any more,

y' I used to drive a French car, but I sold it.
lf somelhing was once a diÍficuli change' but fuels normal

y'l

no\ý' use to be useal to + ing.

came to England in 1986. I'm used to driving on the left.

fh

Brazil people are used to drinking

a

lot of

coffee.
fuain, use pÍesenl simple to talk aboul peopleš usual Way ď life.

y' In Brazil people drink a lot of coffee. |J* to be u,ed t0 úing only when fieíe is a chanqe lhat

y'I caďt drink

makes life difficult.

coffee here in ln8]aÍd because drinking Brazilian coffee. I'm used to

ffi

FUIUTES
win' going

b aŇ qÍesflli Gonliíud's as luhlÍo :
!ýr'e'
+ pres€nt

simple

he v.I'll8et it. tie plan fie people youí head) but This means you've decided not have aÍíanged it výith mal in Lisfun yet' y' I'm visiting our Lisbon offrce next week.ill arrive tomorrow. it means you aÍe deciding úe plan al the momenl you aÍe speďinq. l'11 speak to he fufure' llse y'Wheo he arrives tomorrow. FoÍ plans you have already made' lieíe are (in tvýo possibililjes: y' I'm going to yisit our Lisbon office next week. he Í when him.t I'll visit our Lisbon office next week! ll you use will lo talk about íufuíeplans. This means you've deíinitely ďranqed tne visit wih people in Lisbon. y'The phone's ringing. lJse a píesent tense aíleÍwhén to lalk about will foí lhe ober futuÍe action' t'lJ speď to him' .

so you should sav: Í lf I will You I'll give him your message.lÍ il. t'd (would) buy that car see him' y'lf It's not very likely. ooidlÚm'k t When I I I win the lottery.. you came. won the lottery. y'If lJnless youte extremely optimistic.I'llgive him your message. Don't Use would afteÍ il Use a past lense and woíld in lhe be senlence. you probably mean: win the lottery. you would meet him..I'll buy rhat car. you would meet him. I s y'lf other part of If you would come. . seílence' y'If Úsé will mustl't use will atbr lÍ' llse a present tense and lhen in the olher part of the I see him.I'll buy that car.

and $ould have (done)inlhe olheí part oÍ the sentence' rold you. I would told you. Use past peíecl. I would have Úw\ WŇi /ů&.f y' If you phoned me last week. lf you had phoned me last week./ .B @ter^- WW : g@!. When imagining a diÍfeÍenlpast' you need moÍe han the pasl simple.

I /or. 2 what do you do? Ill' worting in a bank.Ll hat e toldyott. 1/ in London foÍ a couple of months.Review B Aí€ these veňs co]Í€ďl lÍ not Glrect them. 5 ['ve just spoken to lim.I'lI meetlhe company president at 10 o'clock on Tuesday. I would d€finitely accept it. He's corning to dlnnet on Saturday night. If I had known. 6 I've just checked th€ sched!|e. 7 \ďe'll m€et you at the aiportwhen you uill 8 9 IÍ they would offer me theiob. I . ''ie 3 we've seen a]] the tonrist sights yesterdař 4 she's interyieýled II people so far this morning.

.

iudlhaw Mt stt't be/can't l b b .You mustn't get this wrong! Dohl have to/nust .

y' I must to home soon.I You dont have to take photos in the gallery lf you don'l have lo do somefiing' you can choose whetheÍ you wanl lo do it or not. - cán't' t* . x That mustďt be Richard l'lrsln'l not possible' use he's in America. Don't use to aÍter muBl (or oher modal verbs' e'g' can't should. nignt). say: y' You musuťt/can't take Photos in the gallerý X I must to go home soon. y'You doďt have to come if you doďt want to. lÍ you canl choose. means lhal something isforbidden' lf someťÍngis y'That caďt be Richard hef in America. yesterday' Í I must go to the doctor\ The pasl ď must is had to' y' I had to go to the doctoÍ's yesterday.

Do you or would you? I likell't' ike PÍďaI/nttEI sB .

and prefer togethel Í I'd ratheŤ prefď You can't Ús€ y'I'd Íather worlJl'd prefer to work with Anne. Would you like apple or orange? ofleÍing oÍ askino íoísomething now. y'ťd like some řuit juice. il means always' gÉnenlly. wih preígr' Usé to' y'l prefer milk When you aÍe comparing two lhinqs to cream.. raliď . lpreÍer meansalwavs' oenerally' tol one paíticular de( ision. please. to work i{ith Anne. use vrould liké' I I prefer to walk today. I like some fiuit iuice. lf you y' Do Wh€n pu like liké something. Í I prefer milk than cream. fruit juice? I like apple juice. .Really! How nice. Use wwld pr€íer' y' I'd prefer to walk today.

To or -ing? Sbp. Mnqnbet W 1 sllggest + -ing' saggest írat . the Please I€membeÍ lo€kin8 You remember doing door y'Please remember to lock the door. somehing af[ewads Beíue' sAy: x Have you tried to take some aspiřin? y'Have you 9 This means vou don'lknow lÍ can oo rl' ltsomelhinq is easy.I just stopped (woÍkin8) to sleep for two hours. i' orderIo sleep' y'My x y' I worked for most of the niSht . boss told me I must stop sleeping at work.' b dol.toing Í My boss told me l must stop to sleep at wolk' This means you st0p doing anofieí áclivily. but you don't know wha1the Íesult wi|l be' use lry + -ing'oU t ed taking an aspirin? ..

lí The doctor suggested taking lf you exercise. . suggesl doino somďhing. you aíe oíe of be people y' He sugtested that I (should) take exercise.

I go. X She wants that next by Happy is an adjeclive. lí I m very happy seeing you.x I'm inteÍested lÍtcí€3bd is to t6ke this exam. Adjectives are usually follou/ed by !o do.) ďe íollowed y'She wants me to go. folloťed by ln' and prepcilioB are always ÍollowEd by dďng' y' I'm interest€d in taking this exam.im etD. T . b do. y'I'm r. VéÍbsfollowed bt a person (ne. yo{r' .ery happy to see you.

hope. í{' . some verbs aíe Usuallv followed by lo do: pronise. finish' keep' avo|d' pqchse y'I enjoy swimning in the sea. t I enioy to swim in th€ sea. refuse nanage y'I promis€d to help him. some veós are UsuallyÍollowed by dolng| enky. agree.Í l pIomised helpin8 him. spe l tÍre. dectde.

tseen They don't go between a verb and objecl. play tennis often. y'We have many tourists in Ibiza.áye and bďore x l@6Ía.) X We haverin [b. d0n't0o bďore íobe: ftey /She go afler lo re| is often ill. They don'lgo beÍore They g0 aíteÍ.za (many tounsrt /They /They l I lil€Gřiň-uíň dancingr- often play tennis.Word order Posfion ď rdt erb6 Adverbs can be of lim€ (Íoday)' íÍequenc1(ofre')' quanlity (yery nuch) and plŤe (in the garden). theverb: y' ] have never se€n it. both: They qo beíore 0r aÍleÍ them x rneyfr!(ri. it. Th€y X she(@ii} . rz I like dancing very * .

.

this shampoo? It's really nice. meat when I was 21.. .... itt - a secret. b) Did you remember . .. . b) Try .Review 9 choosé lhe 1 clr€ct . ... going.. but you . . b] l .. tell anybody about this. . don't have to/muslÍl't 2 3 b) You lik€^/vould a) You can take this exam if you want.. . veÍt ÍoÍm. most Íoreign l"ood..'.. especially lndian' ealing/to eat like 4 a) I stopped. an ice-cream please..{o 0o a) I remember . .. to the supermarket on 5 to usďusing a) Have you tried .. ffi atbt .. a) 1. your left hand I know it's dificult.. to ballet the way home? classes when I was a child.. b) we walk€d for 4 hours and then we stopped '...

.

Good and well loolýeíy EMagh slMhlso Adjeclives and adverbs .

y'Your house is so tiď. Í He works slow. X Are you enough hungry to eat all this? Bli Enough goes bďore nouns: e'oqh nolvy. sÚch + adjective come . adjective means lheÍe's a pnbl'en This soÍab too big to y'YouÍ gaŤden is very beautiÍirl. enwn thajíŠ y'Are you hungry mough to eat all this? X Your house is such tidy. YoÚ sáy someone is slow .Í Your Too + garden is too beautiful.ad)iPcÍlyes tell you how someone is' looks' or séems' r4dyeÓs1ell you how someone does soÍnething' y' He works slowly.4flernouns' use so + adjeďive' .eíore tlre noln they descíbe' it goes after adieďves: enough' biq enough' 'U'Úry y'You have such a tidy hous€. .

ffiu &ivcs .Good and better GofiÉa'ď't€ ďld 6''F.

y'l Donl use more and -eÍ togelher' need a smaller car. x l need a more smalleř cal. r/ Hďs much tďlď than I am. e'o. e'o' comÍoÍlable' intercsting'use comf ortablé. !€ry l24 but much beÍoÍe comparalives.a . To compare shoít adj€{tives' e cnsap€Í' biggEÍ' smallg!' 'g' cheap' bjg' sÍnall'gá\ y' EverFhing is cheÉper in this shop. . t He's very taller than I am. X I prcfer this car it's comfortabler' y'l Wilh long adjeďves.X Everything is more cheap in this shop. moÍé inlDlesting' fioÍe prefer this caŤ it's morc comfortable. l]se véry with adjectves.

hdrlá lot ď =m= 1?B .Much or many? ulrklhule Íea .

Do you have much work to do A lot of can be uséd wifi negatves' queslions and in po€ílve todý y' He has a lot of money. Problems with it. lhe opposlte oÍ many is M Í My new computer has been gÍeat a f€w A Í€w means quile á lot' Few means not enough' or less than you expecled. - I've had lí He has mu€h money. Lilťe Wilh p/uňl nfllrs means snall. &t . y'He hasn't got much money. - I've had y' My new computer has been great few problems with it. e'g' Look at those loýely e'g' 'ltle l'|c dogs' Litllo with U'counláble nouns means noÍ muah' very ftne Íree tjne foday Witň countable nouns' lew y'There were very few p€ople on the train today. in Do6itive senlences. use il in neoatives and Don'1 use m ch questions.Í Ther€ were vely little people on the train today.

L8 & .A and the AÍť.

lr{ťloltthe' would y'TheŤe's a pro8ramme on TV about dogs. ln English we don'l use lie íor ab6tsac1 ideas such as /líq half.x There's a piogramme on TV about th€ do8s. y' we had good weathď yesteŤday. r We had a good weatheÍ yesterday' You canl us€ a before w€alier and ofieí common uncountable nouns such as advice.Íffinafdn' perni$]on' acco n nodatton and fun ttu re.l. y'Life can be difficult sometimes. Í Chris's mother went to plison to visit him' lf someone ooes to prison' they aÍe a cÍiminal (a studenl qoes to univsrsity or to scnool)' lÍ you visit he building but don't íeceive pÍison (lhe univeÍsity or lhe school)' lhe seNice.icle. A TV pÍoqramme Tlre dogs means some parliculaÍ doos. . you go to !i! y' Chris's mother went to the p son to visit him. Wrk" ir. Use no a.iness. Í The life can be difficult sometimes. be about doos in general. love.

Too many words! ilqÍÚtnc Pio''o'Ir8 Ío úé caů ti ffi .

You can't use lwo neqalives (nobody and can't)ioqelheí it would make a positivel r/ Nobody can fly. don'lneed to say he atler you've sód my bmlhet' Í I'm y' agree. x My bŤotheř You he ]ikes football.( This is the book riřhich I bou8ht it. y'My brother likes football.t Nobody caťt fly. . so you don'l need befoÍe it b be l a9Íee. y' This is the book which I boughl. Agreo is a veab. not an adjeclive. TB . lf vou use which to give infoÍmalion about soÍnehing' you don'1 need to say it.

2 I can't believe that you can read so quick.Beview 1O A coÍ]ect the mistakes in lhes€ sentences. 5 I've got much work to do todaý B one WoÍd in each s€nlence is unnecessary. ffi . 5 I think you are agree? car 6 Those dre lhe CD< which you lent me them. UndeÍline it. 3 Do you think the room is enough warm? 4 My salary is more higher than it used to be. 1 I like yow house . 3 He gave me an advice on buying a 4 My parents they never 8o out. 'l he money isn'l úe mo5l lmporlanl lhing in life but it helps! I'm going to travel for a year bďore I go to the univ€Ťsity.iti too big.

.

ffi . he's only I5.ing /o:ft! ..íseiJ/ p93 although Altho sh Iafl speak French.. AftefuaÍds i. Aftet that' aÍteÍwa]ds/ojft'wádz/ p88 agenda I we had lunú.actuál /EktJUel/ p83 The acfual cost of ťhe bridge ý9as acfuálly /ěktJuáli/ p8] '6rn' It look s/nall but actually it\ quite bi& after all /o:fierJÍ/ P91 He caÍ't dňýe' AÍer all. /o:f(á čEt/ p88 ýle ate' flm... aÍter .e slept' /ád5endá/ p76 Here's the agend!] foÍ the meetifi* ago legaul p79 got this compuťer sk fior1ths ago' also /.iÍl/ p88 AIter seeifrg the aÍter that We saw a fln' ýe ate. /]:lÓeU/ p95 ťhe flň ý. He ako speak'Ihai./a' b & I liked it.

boín /b. it was easr' but then it ýasn't.hen l cofie bacÍ.leÍa'v aÍl p22 she aÍÍiyed at the ofire at alrive ď 4 pn' at first /át f3sý p86 Ať frst ď l waited an houÍ' At last.d p38 boss /bDs/ p30 I i.nyselÍ l'n my oýr11 boss! bÍing /bÍr]/ Pló l'tl bÍins it l1'ith me Á. a bus came.oÍk ÍoÍ . last /et lorsv p87 at lhe end /at ói end/ p87 we wentho e at the enA of the fln át the moment /et óe maumánt/ p8] They're bving ifl Rone aÍ th? mondl' bad-tempered /bed lempéd/ p65 Shet 5o a gy a11d bad tefipeÍed. burgke /brg3l/ p62 .

nt cause třouble /kJrz tÍ^bev p67 chief /rJijt p30 child /tJa The chongu have causen a ht oí tÍoubk. can'l stand /kont stěnd/ p67 I can't stand that man! He's aýÍu caře about /keÍ abauí p46 I arc about the e ý'irrftfr. camping /kempr!/ p20 we ýe1t Únping in haly' camÍrsite /krcmpsalt'/ p20 We spekt the night at a she goes to school ka dÍillj.busy lbnil p77 I'n afiaid he\ busy. she\ the íhieÍexacunye oí a conPan/. . d/ p2ó TheÍe are ofrIy 16 chiaÍen in heÍ chss. p22 canpsik. Can you cill latet? buy /bar/ p32 I'll buy the hy w ťÍaifi.

k Íor11 the pany at ten' got a za' cook"Í' . cloth /klDe/ p55 Here\ a cloth' c1'a11 the windoýs! clothes /kléÚĎz/ p55 He lik?s deíigneí clothes. cook n(Uk/ p43 I'fi qu'ite a goor1 ínok. There\ 4o ýýateÍ. clean /kliin/ p43 I can't clea the caÍ. cooker /koká/ p43 \r''|e'!e corne ba.class /klčs/ p27 TheÍe aÍe te\ oÍ us ifl the English class' T9ýo classroom /klo:srum/ p27 new classÍro s haye been built./ith no moÍey. common /komán/ pl2 Iohn k a very comnon nane. come back /k^m bEk/ pl6 I' come to /k^m ia/ pl7l22 l came to tlis @ rltlf l.

t /dlať P45 No desseťt for I n rite in iry lliary e1. desso. we had a good time. des€íl lóezAÍl p45 The deseÍt is hot and duý.I'n 4etti g Íať. dish /dr! p44 do Deliciou. diary ldaÉil p76 ne .ery day.cost oÍ living /kost áv llvlÍ]/ p33 The coý oÍ liying is 1)eíy high. diÍÍiculty /dlfi kalti/ p67 He n os havins difrallr/ bÍd|thing./ashi g? ffi . dospité /dlspad p95 Despite the rain.! This is ny falo1lÍik dish! /du:/ p35 Haýe you done lhe \. cuře /kjue/ p69 Those pilh hale íuÍeá fre! cuřÍent /k^Řní p83 KLthy Freeman k the cuÍrent champio1|.

erplained ne probbn. Íil lÍltl p5a k doesÍ't Jit ' t's a bit bis. Íirst /f3:st/ p86 Ílight /fla'ť pl5 ouÍ Íight took off lale. food /fud/ p43 Íor lfx|/ p7a I'n 4oing to Balj foÍ ťwo week'' tor doing /fa duxd p96 Thb knife k foí cutting freaL .duÍing /djuán{/ p78 I take two ýeek oÍíduing Auzust. finally /famali/ p87 Finally. l ýi\l e d nly talk ýith She evening /irv rll p80/8I we ofte go foÍ a y]alk in explain /rksplen/ p56 the eýenifrg a jokt.

ntains yeÍy íÍightefiing' ÍuÍthe]mor€ /f3ňam3í p93 h's expensiye. go /geu/ pl7 I'm going to Fntnce next !r'eek. F ÍrheÍnoÍeit\ uely' rtnd high no get on my néÍvés /get Dn mar mivzl p65 yoÍ1t sil.ging is +efti g o11 fi/ nefles gď to know /get te nau/ p5r vou h! e to get to k11o!. Íorget /feget/ p63 I'ye fÍightened ffraÍand/ p65 I set Íi./ people here. Ío]5ignor /foÍlná/ p12 we're all foreignerc soney]heÍe.ÍoEign /fonÚ/ pl3 qord hB a lot of foreisn students. Í]ightening /fÍalten{i p65 I Íorgotten to blins my lunch.htened in ďowded places. ffi .

go back /geu

I'm goin{back to my hr good at /gud atl p46

bÍEk/

pl7
e

toýn'

Bob is ýery good at cooki,1g.

good evening /gud l.vnut/ p8t
Good eleiing. HoN are you? Goodnight. sleep v/ell.

goodnight /gud nalt/ p8l
gÍow /gÍáU/ p38
You're 50 taIl! How you'ýe

grown!

grow up /qráU
haiř
/hee/ p53

^p/

p38

hairs /heázl P53
have /hev/ p35

There are sone hairs in ml souq!

were hfuine a fieenng ofl satuÍd..y. have b]€aKast /hev bÍeklbsv p45
I haye bÍeakfast 1|ery eatly.

héar lhial p57 I heaftl abndsi gisg. high /ha{/ ps3
That mour}taís i5 5,0N fietres high.

homé /háUm/ p4| I like cofii g hone aÍlrf a houaa/' housé /haus/ p41
My house
was

buih 1N yea6 ago.
't help.

howovor /balreve/ p95 l usdetstLnd. Hoý]e'reÍ, I ca

I'w ben i1l for week. in Íront oÍ fr^nt áv/ p23 There\ a tree^n fÍont oí the wisdoý' in

ill ltll

p69

iniuEd

/'nd3ed/ p68

she ýas isjureí] in the

adde|t.

in May /m mer/ p75
we'Íe on holiday

in spite ď /m spart av/ p95

i

May.

s

I{e enjoye,l it in spite of the rain.

in tho end /tn ói end/ p87l9r

lt ýa' Íai\'ing ln the end ýe didfl't 80. in ... time /n ... talm / p9r l'll cone bac* in ttuee week' nrne. itinořary /alttmťeÍi/ p77 HeÍe\ the'itinerary fot yolÍ tÍip. iob l&nbl p29 what\ fouÍ job? what do you áo?
The

ioumoy /d33Íli/ Pl4
joÚney takes

t\ao houÍs by .4r.

kill by /kl ba/ p71 He was kilka by a drunk.
kill wiih /kll wň/
He was

ki en úth a knife. kitchén /kÍJáď p43

P71

we

sua y eat in the kichen.

landscape /lEndskep/ p20
He
Likes to

paint bndscaPe'

laď

/lo:st/ p82

We'ye sot ose left. This is the

hst one.

'&

younzeÍ thafi fie! . managsmént /m€nld3mánt/ manageí /mEnld3á/ p3o My ňanagel is p31 The ňanagernenť agred to paf them. tu1cher learn lbr'l p26 I leadt a lot fiom my nusn leave /li:v/ p63 I'ye Iď tlf lunch at home! listen to nlsán t3/ p57 I Lbtened to the Íadio. where k make /merk/ p35 I flever inake mistakes. look aÍter /luk o:fta/ p47 I'll look aÍer the dos Nhen you'Íe away.last night /lo:st na / p8l WheÍe werc you last Íight? lďest /leltast/ p82 This k the latest model lt\ just anived. he? look Íor /luk fe/ p47 I'rn lookiry íoÍny dog.

mďch /mĚtj/ p54 My ia. next Thurcday /neks.véý pó5 He's too neryou| to biýe abÍoad. wi neruous /n3. o3lzdi/ p7s nice /nars/ p5l night /nalť p80/8r He often wakes up in the nishť occupation /okjupelJán/ p29 whar\ your occupation? occupied /okju:pard/ p77 Room 4 is occupied at the onení . She's coming nert ThursAay.ket and nouseís atch' meal /mirl/ p45 you stay Íor a neal? natuíe /neltIe/ p20 Po unon is dadagíne to nafuÍe.married to /merid ia/ p46 Anna's martied to a Fíenthrna .

It\ out of date. d€It/ P83 This eonputer is usebss. on ÍÚonday /Dn m^ndel/ p75 on my own /Dn mal éon/ p59 on tho otheř hand hend/ p94 /on ói I'm oa.old-Íashioned /auld feJenď p83 Her clothes are so oa-Íashioned! on May í8th /on mel ói eÍino/ p75 The muting\ on Maf I8th. ffi .^če the otheÍ hand. I'm haPpy' ofl on lonl p22 He soes to work oí íoot' opposite /opesrt/ p23 Lt out oí date /aut ev house is oppÉite the Park. pařent /peáÍJnt/ p38 |/' paÍefrts dre both Íron scothnd.

clasl has about 30 pupik' pÚt up wiih /pUt wlč/ p67 ^p youhaye to put p ýith pÍobbr. pÍicé/pÍals/ p33 The prie oÍÍood k eoing up.dos't dÍop those plates! prgscription /pÍJsknpJáď p69 Take this prescnpnofl tu the chemist\. Professot Joses tauxht me at u |ýeísiE.pay Íof lpel fel p32 Í'ořsonal /p3:sanal/ CaÍ I ask p3 you a peÍsonal quenion? l Íreřsonnel /p3Š.nel/ p31 she ý.y haýe a pÍoble ýith theiÍ sos. plďé /plelť p44 Be careÍul . problem /pmblem/ p67 Th. pÍoÍossor /pÍJfese/ p26 pupil /pjrlpél/ p26 The pnmaÍ.ls./orks in the pelsonnel department. .

Íemembér/Ímembá/ p63 I í.raise /ÍeI' p33 I asked my boss to raise my salary. Íeceipt /ŤIsiť p69 I'ýe paid but I hayen't had a rceipi Íélations/nleljenz/ p50 spain and Italy have gooa rchtions.reá tÓ Š. ]elationship /íleIJaďIp/ p50 I ha1. ýidň' Íemind /Ímand/ p63 I've got rclitives in the Remifld me to call Josie latet. řemind me oÍ /Írnamd mi av/ p58 ffi .mPmb.tth. Íemind me about /Ímand mi ebaut/ p58 He Íerntnded fie about colleíti11s lohn' This Íenind! fie of ouÍ líst holiday.e a good Íebnofiship n ith Ted' Elative /reláhv/ p38 Us.

schedule /JedjuJ/ p77 seářch /s3ÍJ/ p7l seařch fo] /$xJ nanagers haye busy scheílules' The police sdtrched the teenagers fá/ p7l eýerywhere Iol their They seathed úL . fob |Ínbl p62 They robbed thebank. say /ser/ p56 He said that I wíL' ýro g' scenery /sirari/ P20 The scenery 1n the Alps Top k y]onderÍul. get salary /sElari/ pl3 l Paid a moflťhly salarf.as so tiftd' 1just íenen !]ll rise lmtzl p33 PetÍol Ptices are tking daily.rcst /rest/ p41 l i.is closed. ]oad /ÉUd/ p15 The roarlto !1ay' Chano i.

so I mised the ýai. sincé /sns/ p79 she's lilea here sifiťe 1999' smáll /smclu p53 Mf caÍ\ ťite srnall. she sltt in the shadovt oIrhe ho se. .see /sii/ p56 I síW aÍ accident. so /sau/ p96 I pt thele hte. kt's sit in the shadow {adau/ p2l shade.as sick. so that /se) s det/ p96 I ýent upsn]irs so that l coua be alone. shade {erd/ p2l It's too hot. shoň /lc:t/ p53 shout 4auv p59 she's quite shoÍt - about 1'5 metÍes. Stop it!Don't sho t at me! /srk/ p69 sick I ate sofltething bad and i.

support /sepcx/ p67 Millio11s supPott MLfrchester Ufriteď r5i . I haýe to stay in. suit /sjuÍ/ p54 That dras looks great. I don't like him. My fLther /stmÍ]/ p39 ýd' a ýery stÍong 4n' student /stju:dánt/ p26 Most studenx lite away from hone. stranger /strelndsá/ pl2 He's a stranseí. He's elý herc' stoet /stril/ pl5 The statiot'' at the efid oÍ ouÍ stť@t' strict /stnkt/ p39 gtÍong My father\ s''i. strange /strendý p13 He's a bit straflge. It suits you.stay /ste/ p4r I ýay?n at fry They síole ďeal /stij/ pó2 funa\ house lnst night '2.000.r.

l keř avl p4ó také caíéoÍ Hel rnl onry son . tall /brl/ ps3 H. tell He toa fle that I i'as ý/rcng ^el/ I p56 the counřy /če k^ntÍi/ p20 tho day aÍtéltomoÍÍow so foÍ bfi{ walks in the coulltlr. .'s almoý ťwo rnetes tall. she teaches chernistry at a giÍls' school. teach tiitl/ p26 teacheř /d{á/ p26 He's a t acher 4t a s?Íofldary school.sympathďic /slmpe€et'k/ She p5 itas very srypatheic about it.n]ke caÍe of him! ^elk take /te ď p17 I'm taking hin to kaly. take /terk/ p35 she's takisg heÍ ?:xarns next week.

tour He went on a toul Íoultd orford' ] Ioýe nayellin* /tua/ p14 travél /trevál/ p]4 ffi . thrcw at /oráU át/ p71 Thef thÍew \tones at the windoýs' Thro'ý/ the ball t.l rne! throw to /oÍeu te/ p71 lidy lÍaldil p43 whatamess!Ca you rib your timetable /tamteůal/ p77 Íoorn? Haýe you íot 4 trai tifietabb? to do /t3 ďr:/ p9ó I cane to England to lcarn English. B oÍ cha|sing think oÍ /0l1nk ávl p59 Ihthinki ny job./óá del o:fta temDFU/ p75 l'll see you the day afteÍ tonotroý' think about /€r]k ebaut/ p59 l'n thiflkins about bst nighťs notch.

waste timé /welst tam/ p63 I don't yýant to ýýosťe my lime. iť's weL p51 woÍk /w3''k/ p29 I ýatteá y/oík at the a4e oÍ 14. watch /\*DtJ/ p56 We watched the'rV last night. whatš moro whatb she lik ? /$Ťts Ji: lalk/ Your sister? What's she like? /wots mc/ P93 h's coa.t€at tdp /tÍp/ pl4 /tri:t/ pó9 The doťtot\ treanng ne for back pain' I'. what's frorc.n goi. please' l seť paid weeHy' My y]ase isn\bad. .]s to PaÍis on a business ťlip' třouseřs /tÍauzás/ p54 usual /juJuál/ pr2 l'l] have my Áual dnnh wage /werd3/ p33 I think I'l|wear my sreen tro sers.

ofrDuter softýarc co ban. p3 in /w3* rlý workor /w3lká/ workers ýýork and mawgers rnanoge! Fiye \oaieÍs y. wolk I work i8 th. ýanspott dePaÍtment. kl a.lerc shot and wounded. l woundod /wu:ndéď p68 yesie]day évening /jest di ivn{/ p81 Didyouso out yeste ay evenirs: .work as /w3lk ezl p29 I work as t wftk wořk Íor /w3:k ^ ýýaitess in the fe/ p3r p3 I eýe ngs.

Answers Reviéw í A l travďin8 6 people coDřies B t shade 2 by/on 3to 4at from other 2 joÚneys 3trip 4tour 7 5 comďBring common Á Review 2 4 2do)oudo/for 3 jobýď bosýto 5 salary/@st B l taldmakin8 2 tak€/have 3 makeÁavin8 Review 3 l was 2home J set/come 4after 5 stáyed ó home 7 bous 8 relatives' 9 strict 10 at ll up 12 home t t€acher/tau8ht 13 to Review 4 2 3 l a 5 a)good relations b) a 8ood řelationshiP a) whatš she like? b)Howisshe? a) symparhetic b) nice a) a) suits b)fits hear b) listen to t .

t I am living meeting 7youarriw have 2lwoÍk 3wesaw 8 they 4 'cťÉ offeÍed 9gÉ corř.d{.t Revi€w 9 2 3 I a) a) a) a) a) donl would a s eating like to b) mstn't b) like soiDs usins b) to eát b) to Bo b) to use ..Review 5 t interesting 2 putting up 4 8els on my neÍves 5 stand wirh I b.ry@a l ó ciud.r 5 after all hol€s 6.3 7 l rÉd Review 6 2 3 diary b) asenda a)for b)durins a) a) s Cood evenins b) Goodnight! 2 In the A Review 7 1 FiÍsťafteMďds B lso 2todo Review 6 6 I'm a in lhrée weekť 3 for punching time end 3 6n ll.ý .

lbc money isn't lhe most importaíl thing in life I í0 2 but it helps! I m going to ÚaEl for . I cant 'ourhous }ou can rad so qúckly' believe that Do lou think the roon is warn enough? My satary is higher thán it used to be. 5 I think you ě!c a8ree? ó Tho* re the cDs which you lďt me !bg!q' ffi . l've gota lotoíworkto do today.Al Review Bl 2 3 4 5 like iťs vďy bi8. year before I 80 to !h9 He gave me a! advice on buying a car I 4 My parents lhey nmr go out.

.Com ]*. and morti . lt covers the íollowin8.n ock is a t€ache.uthor ď llldt WmtYoÚ /V.o'l frcm Penguin Erylish' senes EdhoB: Andy HoPkins ánd W.nd t€ehéFtEinél: He is rhé .nmon E'řols in En8í'sh exPlains over 3oo oí th€ most írequ€nt errors and shows yo! how to avoid ďt€m. sentenc€ linkers words .Penguin Quick Guides are books that make learning EnSlish quick and eesy.ul H.l'n Potté. easily confusď . cffi lllGfuff r 11. lí you really wlnt to imProv€ your En8lish and stoP makin8 mistakes' this is óé P€íect book for you! co.péíguinenalish. PřrPositions .* DŤů ffiffiilillt . ýPicál8rimmar mistakes 13 P.

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