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1.1 Solid Modeling 1.2 Importance Of Solid Modeling 1.3 Applications 1.4 Layout, Design And Drafting 1.5 Industrial design 1.6 Analysis 1.7 Manufacturing Engineering
2 Sketcher workbench
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a Positioned Sketch Using Tools For Sketching Using Colors Using Smart Pick Creating Constraints Sketching Simple Profiles Performing Operations on Profile Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane Customizing for Sketcher.
3. Part Design
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Opening a New CATPart Document. Reference Elements Sketch-Based Features. Dressing Up Of Solids Transformation Features Measuring 1
3.7 3.8 3.9
Surface-Based Features Advanced Tasks Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
4. Wireframe and Surface workbench
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 Creating Multiple Points Creating Planes Between Other Planes Creating Polylines Creating Circles Creating Splines Creating a Helix Creating Corners Creating Connect Curves Creating Spirals Creating Projections Creating Conic Curves Creating Intersections Creating Surfaces Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Updating Your Design Defining an Axis System Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents
5. Generative Shape Design
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Creating Extremum Elements Creating Polar Extremum Elements Creating a Spine Creating Combined Curves Creating Parallel Curves Creating Reflect Lines 2
Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces Customizing For Generative Shape Design
6. Assembly Design
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 Creating an Assembly Document Inserting a Components Defining a Multi-Instantiation Fast Multi-Instantiation Using Assembly Constraints Updating an Assembly Using a Part Design Pattern Moving Components Sectioning Assembly Features Creating Scenes Exploding a Constrained Assembly Detecting Interferences Customizing Assembly Design
7. Generative Drafting workbench
7.1 Creating a New Drawing 7.2 Managing A Sheet 7.3 Adding a new sheet 7.4 Front View Creation 7.5 2D/3D Associativity 7.6 Creating a Projection View 7.7 Creating an Auxiliary View 7.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut 7.9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut 7.10 7.11 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile 3
7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29
Creating an Isometric View Creating a Broken View Creating a Breakout View Creating Views via the Wizard Isolating Generated Views Not Aligning a View Scaling a View Adding a Generative Bill of Material Generating Balloons on a View Modifying a Callout Geometry Modifying a Pattern Dimension Generation Creating a Datum Feature Creating a Geometrical Tolerance Annotations Editing Properties Customizing for Generative Drafting Loading/Saving a CATDrawing
8. Interactive Drafting
8.1 Tools Toolbar 8.2 Creating Views 8.3 Defining the View Plane 8.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection 8.6 Reframing a View 8.7 Constraints 8.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints 8.9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements 8.10 8.11 8.12 Creating Dimensions Re-routing Dimensions Dress-Up Elements 4
Integration of function within the factory requires a product definition that is unique and consistent throughout the design and manufacturing process; it is computer graphics that makes possible a practical implementation of this dictum. We know that the geometry or the shape of any product can be fully described with the help of three spatial dimensions so computer models must also be three-dimensional.
1.1 Solid Model: A solid Model is an electronic description of a physical object or a group of physical objects. 2D and 3D CAD drawings are also electronic descriptions but they do not contain information about the nature of space enclosed by the geometry used to describe the object. A 2D drawing presents the visual aspect of an object from a particular viewpoint in space. Whereas a 3D drawing contains a description of the object’s appearance, and is valid from any viewpoint. However, Solid modeling (SM) requires the application of concepts that are academic in 2D drafting. The most obvious difference with SM, however, is that traditional engineering drawings are two-dimensional and solid models are inherently three-dimensional. While 2D drawings can be created manually or electronically, solid models must be created in an electronic ”drawing universe”. Solid models themselves are not physically accessible. CAD workstations are used to create, edit and display 2D representations of the electronic solid model.
Solid models are located in an electronic space that is defined in terms of 3D Cartesian coordinates. This is known as the 3D workspace or the model space. Three-dimensional coordinates are used to specify the location of points in space, the distances between pairs of points and displacements between consecutive positions of a point. A co-ordinate system consists of an origin and a system of reference planes or axes.
Three-dimensional CAD models can take three forms:
1. Wireframe: It includes only points in space and the lines connecting them. Objects are represented by their edges. 2. Surface: Mathematically defined areas span the edges of the Wireframe. 3. Solid: The space enclosed by the surfaces is defined and forms a closed volume. Solid models are the least abstract and most realistic of the three forms; they necessitate far more computing power for their creation and management than the other two forms. Solid Modeling (SM) attracts designers because the construction of complex models, especially those that lack symmetry, is very easy. Wireframe representations of complex objects are very difficult to “understand” visually, because computer displays and paper plots seldom give an indication of depth. Seeing all the edge at once leads to perceptual confusion because of ambiguities. A complex object can be decomposed into surfaces, which can be broken down into points and lines. Solid and Surface models also allow the generation of images with hidden surfaces removed, which are more realistic. Some shapes can be represented by surfaces instead of solids. Thus even designers who believe in the essential superiority of solid representations are forced to resort to surfaces for certain complex objects. Many SM systems closely integrate surface and solid capability. The most important aspect of solids is that their integrity can be computationally determined. In other words, SM systems with the aid of the computer can tell if a given object is a legitimate solid or not.
1.2 Importance of Solid Modeling:
Solid modeling is important because it is the key to obtaining productivity promises that computers offer designers. Designing is a very complex process. It is not simply a matter of filling in the blanks in a formula and obtaining an optimal answer; it is an iterative process that involves much trial and error, along with analysis. A lot of analysis tools are available today, which need solid models to work upon. The next portion of the design process that is most susceptible to improvement through computers is design verification. In this phase, a proto type of a design is built and tested. 6
but have largely been prohibited from doing so until recently because of the cost of sufficiently large 7 . A digital model does not suffer from the same constraints. because the entire area of a part must be represented in order to tell the cutting tool where to go. The major benefits of verifying the design within the computer are speed. For that we need level three: SM systems. Architecture and construction can make productive use of solids. More realistic representations are required by some manufacturing tasks. computer-based simulations can often be better representations of real-world conditions than those to which physical prototypes are subjected. Computers make it possible to build software prototypes. But the highest form of realism requires that the interior of the part be represented as well.3 APPLICATIONS: Mechanical design and manufacturing have been the areas in which SM has found greatest application to date. Infact a digital model can be more faithful to the proposed product than a prototype. not just that of exterior. because the limitations of prototype fabricating techniques often yields compromises that are very different from what will be made in the factory. These models can be subjected to computer-based simulations of the prototype tests. These are models that exist only within the memory of the computer. and the results can be used to build a real prototype. the prototype is modified and tested many times before the design process moves to production. and costs are generally lower. Solid models can be used to faithfully represent the entire geometry of a part. Hence solid modeling is one of the best tools used in the design process. Solid models are easier to fix and easier to change than actual prototypes. Solid models are less abstract (more real) than drawings or 3D wireframes. CAM systems for designing NC toolpaths typically employ the second-level “surface” geometry in addition to wireframe. SM can therefore be used to determine if parts in an assembly will interfere with one another in operation-something that wireframe and surface representations cannot do. cost.Generally. their behavior under a variety of simulated conditions can tell us enough about how the real thing will behave to make the modeling process worthwhile. and are less expensive. It is usually much faster to build a model within a computer than in machine shop. and flexibility. Moreover. such as metal cutting with numerically controlled (NC) machine tools. 1.
SM systems are now being used to design power plants. it is natural desire to create any needed drawings from the solid model. The value of reducing consistency errors in complex designs is very great. weight. the design integrity is maintained and the drawings will be consistent among themselves. so mass properties (volume. The cost of design errors showing up in construction was so great that expensive systems to avoid such problems were readily justified.6 Analysis The interior of a solid model is implicitly defined. AND DRAFTING: Since the computer system is able to determine if a constructed object is a legitimate solid. 8 . moments of inertia) are easy for the computer to calculate. which makes the generation of realistic images possible. By its nature. 1. or at least reports when that integrity is breached means that the mass property calculations can be reliably performed without fear of underlying geometric paradoxes invalidating them. 1. Models for finite elements and other forms of structural analysis can be automatically generated from solids much more easily than from other geometric forms. But how much better for the manufacturer when the industrial designer is able to produce models that are not only aesthetically and ergonomically valid. DESIGN. but to provide a usable geometric base on which the detailed design can be constructed. centre of gravity.4 LAYOUTS. the “model” knows whether a point is inside. In this way. or on the surface of the object in question. Aesthetics are important to the industrial designer. SM permits the relatively easy calculation of hidden-line and shaded images. rather than a part of engineering. 1.systems to handle architectural problems. surface area. outside. to be sure. And the fact that the SM software preserves the solid integrity of edited parts.5 Industrial design Industrial design is often considered to be almost a marketing function.
a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis.1 Entering Sketcher Workbench Creating a sketch: To create a sketch. The computer-verifiable nature of solids obviates these problems. With solid. Animation of motion paths in a SM environment is also helpful to the programmer of robotic systems. Once created. This creates a "non-positioned" sketch (i. Editing an existing sketch: Double-click the sketch or an element of the sketch geometry. In particular animated tool paths simulation is very helpful to the part programmer. if you need for more complex sketches 2.Sketcher workbench The Sketcher workbench provides a simple method for creating and editing 2D geometry as well as creating relations between geometrical elements. To do this from the 3D. and then select Edit. This enables you to create a positioned sketch. you have several possibilities: Select Start -> Mechanical Design -> Sketcher from the menu bar. but one that can be surmounted. and the origin and orientation of the axis system. point to [sketch name] object in the contextual menu.1. right-click the sketch in the specification tree. 9 .7 Manufacturing ENGINEERING One of the greatest beneficiaries of SM data in the manufacturing process is the numerical control programmer. Common problems of CAD-generated data for the part programmer are flaws such as missing geometry or unconnected surfaces. either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. 2. it remains a challenge.e. which are not associative with the 3D geometry). automation of process planning is also impossible. Select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon and specify the reference plane. Select the Sketcher icon and click the desired reference plane either in the geometry area or in the specification tree. Without solids. you can set constraints between geometrical elements. or select a planar surface.
3 Using Tools For Sketching This task shows how tools in sketcher workbench can assist you when sketching elements. a sketch for which you do not specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Construction elements 10 . When the geometry of the part evolves and the associated position of the sketch changes. In the Type field in the Sketch Support area.2. Creating a positioned sketch enables you to define (and later change) explicitly the position of the sketch absolute axis. 2. Snap to Point If activated. The Sketch Positioning dialog box appears. Construction/Standard Elements: You can create two types of elements: standard elements and construction elements. i. This offers the following advantages: You can use the absolute axis directions like external references for the sketched profile geometry. two options are available: Positioned (preselected): creates a positioned sketch for which you specify the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. Click the down arrow next to the Sketcher icon and select the Sketch with Absolute Axis Definition icon . .2 Creating a Positioned Sketch Here you will learn how to create a positioned sketch. and the origin and orientation of the absolute axis. in which you specify the reference plane. you will have to create geometry just to facilitate your design. If standard elements represent the most commonly created elements. Creating a positioned sketch also ensures associativity with the 3D geometry. this option makes your sketch begin or end on the points of the grid. Sliding: creates a "non-positioned" sketch. As you are sketching the points are snapped to the intersection points of the grid. on some occasions. the shape of the sketched profile (2D geometry of the sketch) remains unchanged (even if the sketched profile is under-constrained). Note that creating standard or construction elements is based upon the same methodology.e.
As construction elements are not taken into account when creating features. the sketch. OR Constraint diagnostics Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Yellow: Non-Modifiable Element For example. graphically speaking. 11 . These elements cannot be visualized in the 3D and therefore cannot be used to generate solid primitives. the element is assigned the color as defined in the Properties dialog box (Graphic tab).4 Using Colors Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Geometrical Constraints: When selected. 2. as soon as the diagnostic is solved. These colors can therefore be modified using the contextual menu (Properties option and Graphic tab). As a result. uses edges. Click the Construction/Standard Element option command from the Sketch tools toolbar so that the elements you are now going to create be either standard or construction element. These elements cannot be modified. and only visualized by. the Dimensional Constraint option command allows forcing a dimensional limitation on one or more profile type elements provided you use the value fields in the Sketch tools toolbar for creating this profile.aim at helping you in sketching the required profile. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties Colors that can be modified. note that they do not appear outside the Sketcher. Dimensional Constraints: When selected. the Geometrical Constraint option command allows forcing a limitation between one or more geometry elements & creates Geometrical Constraint when sketching elements. These elements are used as positioning references. COLORS and GRAPHICAL PROPERTIES Grey: Construction Element Elements that are internal to.
at the center of a circle or an ellipse. SmartPick will give you higher productivity by decreasing the number of the interactions necessary for positioning these geometrical elements. the 2. on the fictitious perpendicular line through a line end point. on a point. is COLORS DIAGNOSTICS White Brown Green Purple Red Under-Constrained Element Element not changed Fixed Element & Iso-Constrained Element Over constrained Element Inconsistent Element 2. which will assist you when using most of the commands for creating Sketcher geometrical elements.6. aligned at a vertical/horizontal position. Using SmartPick.5 Using Smart Pick SmartPick is a smart and easy way to use positioning tool. two or three elements. whenever possible. at the extremity point of a curve. According to the various active options. at the midpoint of a line. The constraints are in priority dimensional. Note that if you position the cursor outside the zone that is allowed for creating a given element. You will progressively specify this location by providing information using the contextual menu. you will easily specify a location: somewhere on the grid. you can create the geometrical constraints that are equivalent to the snapping you performed. .Red Orange: Selected Element A subgroup of elements actually selected (the Select icon similarly active). Use the contextual menu to get other types of 12 symbol appears. SmartPick will return information via symbols. all over a curve.1 Creating Dimensional/Geometrical Constraints Here we will see how to set dimensional or geometrical constraints between one. any of the above cases possibly combined together.6 Creating Constraints 2. using coordinates. at the intersection point of two curves.
the application displays it in green. 13 . Once the profile is fully constrained. The Reference Elements option allows you to select references to be used to detect possible constraints between these references and the elements selected.6.6. The Auto Constraint dialog box is displayed. These constraints may be constraints to be applied either one per element (Length. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears indicating the types of constraints you can set between the selected elements (selectable options). Coincidence. Select a first element. The Elements to be constrained field indicates all the elements detected by the application. If constraints already exist. Select a second element. Select the Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar. This constraint can be created between either two elements. Click OK to constrain the sketch. Multi-selection for Constraints is available. coincidence and tangency.2 Creating a Contact Constraint This task shows you how to apply a constraint with a relative positioning that can be compared to contact. Vertical) or constraints between two selected elements (Distance. they are checked in the dialog box. You can either select the geometry or the command first. double-click the constraint you wish to edit. These constraints are in priority: concentricity. 2. Angle. Accordingly dimensional constrain will appear between two selected elements. For editing. Horizontal. Select the Constraint Contact icon subtoolbar) for giving Contact Constraint. by default.constraints and to position this constraint as desired.6. Fix.4 Auto-Constraining a Group of Elements The Auto Constraint command detects possible constraints between the selected elements and imposes these constraints once detected. Click the Constraints Defined in Dialog Box icon from the Constraint toolbar. 2. 2. Select the profile to be constrained. Click the Auto Constraint icon from the Constraint toolbar.3 Creating Constraints via a Dialog Box from the Constraint toolbar (Constraint Creation Multi-select the elements to be constrained. Parallelism or Perpendicular).
c) Creating an Oriented Rectangle It creates a rectangle in the direction of your choice by defining three extemity points of the rectangle. Press and hold the left mouse button down / Dragging the cursor allows you to activate the Tangent Arc mode automatically. If you cannot manage creating the tangent arc using the left mouse button. what you can do is select the Tangent Arc option command in the Sketch tools toolbar. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values to create points & then lines for rectangle. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the rectangle. Profiles may be composed of lines and arcs. A profile may also be open (if you click the profile end point in the free space).2. default) Tangent Arc Three Point Arc. 14 .7 Sketching Simple Profiles a) Creating a Profile This task shows how to create a closed profile. Click to create the oriented rectangle. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. Click the Oriented Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). b) Creating a Rectangle Click the Rectangle icon from the Profiles toolbar. Line (active by The Sketch tools toolbar appears with option commands and values. which you create either by clicking or using the Sketch tools toolbar. Select the Three Points Arc option command from the Sketch tools toolbar to create three-point arc. Click the Profile icon from the Profiles toolbar.
Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. e) Creating an Elongated Hole Click the Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for two centers& oblong distance. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the keyhole profile.d) Creating a Parallelogram Click the Parallelogram icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). two centers & two radii. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for three points. f) Creating a Cylindrical Elongated Hole Click the Cylindrical Elongated Hole icon from the Profiles toolbar (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). (ii) arc extremities and the (iii) radius of the cylindrical elongated hole. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the cylindrical elongated hole. You are going to define the (i) circle center. h) Creating an Hexagon 15 . Click to create the parallelogram. g) Creating a Keyhole Profile Click the Keyhole Profile icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile sub toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the elongated hole center-to-center axis (first and second center point) and then either the elongated hole radius or a point on this elongated hole.
Click the Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub-toolbar). The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the hexagon center and then either a point on this hexagon or the hexagon dimension and angle. circle centers appear on the sketch. When you create a circle using the Sketch tools toolbar. l) Creating a Tri-Tangent Circle It shows how to create a tri-tangent circle by creating three tangents.Click the Hexagon icon from the Profiles icon (Predefined Profile subtoolbar). Click three elements. m) Creating an Arc 16 . k) Creating a Circle Using Coordinates It shows how to create a circle using center point coordinate with use of Cartesian coordinates &also use of polar coordinates. i) Creating a Circle It shows how to create a circle. The tri-tangent circle appears as well as the corresponding constraints provided you activated the Internal Constraints icon . We will use the Sketch tools toolbar but of course you can create this circle manually. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar will display one after the other values for defining the three points of the circle: values for defining the horizontal (H) and vertical (V) values of a point on the circle or else the radius of this circle. By default. j) Creating a Three Point Circle It shows how to create a circle that goes through three points. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining the circle. constraints are similarly assigned to this circle. Click the Three Point Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle sub toolbar). Click the Tri-Tangent Circle icon from the Profiles toolbar (Circle subtoolbar).
s) Creating a Conic 17 . click apex and then the two-extremity points of parabola. Connect With Arc & Connect With Spline. center and apex. start point and end point. Click to indicate the points through which the spline goes. middle. To create a Parabola click the focus. o) Connecting Elements It shows you how to connect two curve type elements using either with an arc or a spline. end. and then the hyperbola two extremity points. Double-click the control point you wish to edit. c) Through three points –start.start. Position the cursor in the desired fields and key in the desired values. There are three possibilities. Two connect option commands appear in the Sketch tools toolbar. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the ellipse center point. r) Creating a Hyperbola by Focus Click the Hyperbola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). end. To create a hyperbola click the focus.It shows how to create an arc. Clicking another command ends the spline too. p) Creating an Ellipse It shows how to create an ellipse (made of two infinite axes). q) Creating a Parabola by Focus Click the Parabola by Focus icon from the Profiles toolbar (Conic subtoolbar). a) The arc center point. b) Through three points . n) Creating a Spline Click the Spline icon from the Profiles toolbar. Double-click to end the spline. major and then minor semi-axis endpoint. middle.
a circle. double-click the constraint corresponding to the value to be modified. Click the line first point (first point). you will create one of the following: an ellipse.This task shows how to create a conic type element by clicking desired points and. in accordance with both points previously clicked. a parabola or a hyperbola. one after the other. if needed. Tangents are created as close as possible to where you clicked on the circle. using tangents or entering the excentricity into the Sketch tools toolbar. To create an infinite line either horizontal or vertical. Click the Bisecting Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values for second point. u) Creating an Infinite Line Click the Infinite Line icon from the Profile toolbar (Line sub toolbar). As a result. w) Creating a Bisecting Line This task shows how to create an infinite bisecting line by clicking two points on two existing lines. Click two elements to witch line should be tangent. or still according to two points you will specify select option in tool bar. To edit. v) Creating a Bi-Tangent Line Click the Bi-Tangent Line icon from the Profiles toolbar (Line subtoolbar). t) Creating a Line Click the Line icon from the Profiles toolbar. x) Creating an Axis 18 . The infinite bisecting line automatically appears. Click two points on the two existing lines. The Sketch tools toolbar now displays values for defining in the rectangle.
Drag the cursor to create the centered rectangle. Click the Axis icon from the Profiles toolbar. Select a first line (or an axis). Creating Equidistant Points: Create a set of equidistant points on a curve. we will use the Sketch tools toolbar but. Position the cursor in the desired field (Sketch tools toolbar) and key in the desired values. The Sketch tools toolbar displays values for defining the point coordinates: H (horizontal) and V (vertical).8 Performing Operations on Profiles 1) Creating Corners 19 . Click the Point icon from the Profiles toolbar. Creating a Point Using Projection: Create one or more points by projecting points onto curve type elements. 2. Creating a Point Using Coordinates: Create a point by indicating coordinates.This task shows how to create an axis. Click the Centered Parallelogram icon: . In this task. z) 1) Creating Centered Rectangles. y) Creating a Point This task shows you how to create a point. Position the cursor in the desired field and key in the desired values. This task shows you how to create a centered rectangle. Creating a Point Using Intersection: Create one or more points by intersecting curve type elements. 2) Creating Centered Parallelograms This task shows you how to create a centered parallelogram. of course you can create this point manually. Click the Centered Rectangle icon: Click a point in the geometry area or select an existing one. Select a second line (or an axis). You will need axes whenever creating shafts and grooves.
Click the Chamfer icon from the Operation toolbar. The location of the relimitation depends on the location of the cursor. The possible chamfer options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. Trimming one element: This task shows how to trim just one element. Enter the corner radius value in the Sketch tools toolbar. Click the Corner icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Trim One Element option curve will only be trimmed by second curve. Create two intersecting lines. First 4) Breaking and Trimming 20 . Position the cursor on the element to be trimmed. You can create rounded corners between curves.This task shows how to create a rounded corner (arc tangent to two curves) between two lines using trimming operation. . The possible corner options are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar: the Trim All Elements option command is activated by default. The second line is also highlighted. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. Select the two curves. the first or none of the elements. Trim All / First / No element. The Trim All option is the command activated by default. Length1/Angle. Length1/Length2. Click when you are satisfied with the dimensions of the chamfer. Select the first line. Select the two lines. You can also click when you are satisfied with the corner dimensions. 3) Trimming Elements Trimming two elements: This task shows how to trim two lines (either one element or all the elements). and more precisely using one of the following chamfer definitions: Angle/Hypotenuse. Select the two lines. and the two lines are joined by the rounded corner which moves as you move the cursor. The Trim toolbar options display in the Sketch tools. Click the Trim icon from the Operations toolbar. 2) Creating Chamfers This task shows how to create a chamfer between two lines trimming either all. This lets you vary the dimensions of the corner.
This task shows how to quickly delete elements intersected by other Sketcher elements using breaking and trimming operations. Click the Close icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). The line is now composed of two movable segments. 8) Creating Symmetrical Elements This task shows you how to repeat existing Sketcher elements using a line. Select the profile to be duplicated by symmetry. 5) Closing Elements This task shows how to close circles. Select the breaking element The selected element is broken at the selection. Select the line to be broken. The elements used for breaking curves can be any Sketcher element. The selected profile is duplicated and a symmetry constraint is created on the condition you previously activated the Dimensional Constraint option toolbar. 21 from the Sketch tools . The complementary arc appears for selected arc. Create a three points arc. The arc will now be closed. and Break. Click the Symmetry icon from the Operations toolbar. Click the Quick Trim icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). 6) Complement an Arc (Circle or Ellipse) This task shows how to complement an arc (circle or an ellipse). Select one or more elements to be relimited. Click on the arc to be complemented to select it. For example. Click the Complement icon from the Operation toolbar (Relimitations subtoolbar). ellipses or splines using relimiting operation. These options are Rubber In. Click the Break icon from the Operations toolbar. 7) Breaking Elements The Break command lets you break any types of curves. The possible trim option commands are displayed in the Sketch tools toolbar. a three point arc. Rubber out. a construction line or an axis.
The Translation Definition dialog box displays and will remain displayed all along your translation creation. The Rotation Definition dialog box appears and will remain displayed all along the rotation. Click the translation vector start point or select an existing one. Select or click a point to define an angle. Select or click a point to define the reference line that will be used for computing the angle. enter a precise value for the translation length. Click the Scale icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). The Scale Definition dialog box appears. The duplicate mode is activated by default. Enter the number of copies you need. Selected elements will be scaled according to scale factor. you are going to resize a profile to the dimension you specify.9) Translating Elements This task will show you how to perform a translation on 2D elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. 12) Offsetting Elements 22 . Click the Translation icon from the Operation toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). multi-select the entire profile. Click OK in the Translation Definition dialog box to end the translation. Click the Rotation icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). if needed. Select or click the rotation center point. Select the geometry to be rotated. Here. Click OK in the Rotation Definition dialog box to end the rotation. In the Translation Definition dialog box. 11) Scaling Elements This task will show you how to scale an entire profile. Enter the center point value in the Sketch tools toolbar or click the center point on the geometry. Select the element(s) to be translated. Multi-selection is not available. In other words. 10) Rotating Elements This task will show you how to rotate elements by defining the duplicate mode and then selecting the element to be duplicated. Enter Scale Value in the displayed Scale Definition dialog box. De-activate the Duplicate mode. Select the element(s) to be scaled.
The selected line is duplicated. by creating several offset instances. select it. Select the surface. These projections are yellow. Click the Intersect 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Select a point or click where you want the new element to be located. by creating an offset element that is tangent to the first one. If the line is not already selected. The software computes and displays the intersection between the face and the sketch plane. The line to be created appears. 15) Creating Silhouette Edges This task shows how to create silhouette edges to be used in sketches as geometry or reference elements. Click the 3D Silhouette Edges icon from the Operation toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar).This task shows how to duplicate an element of the following type: line. Click the Offset icon from the Operations toolbar (Transformation subtoolbar). You can offset elements by using tangency propagation or point propagation. These 23 . Both lines are parallel. 13) Projecting 3D Elements onto the Sketch Plane This task shows how to project edges (elements you select in the Part Design workbench) onto the sketch plane. 14) Intersecting 3D Elements with the Sketch Plane This task shows how to intersect a face and the sketch plane. The edges are projected onto the sketch plane. the line to be created appears immediately. Click the Project 3D Elements icon from the Operations toolbar (3D Geometry subtoolbar). Select the face of interest. There are two possibilities. arc or circle. You can also apply one or more offset instances to profiles made of several elements. The silhouette edges are created onto the sketch plane. The intersection is yellow. Multi-select the edges you wish to project onto the sketch plane. depending on whether the line you want to duplicate by offset is already selected or not: If the line is already selected.
The Sketcher tab appears. Constraints: options available Create detected constraints Colors: options available Visualization of diagnostic. Position sketch plane parallel to screen. 2.10 Sketch solving status This task explains how to display a quick diagnosis of a sketch geometry. containing the following sets of options: Grid: options available Display. Geometry: options available Create circle and ellipse centers. You cannot move or modify them but you can delete one of them which means deleting one trace independently from the other. 2. You can now sketch the required profile. Click the Cut Part by Sketch Plane icon on the Tools toolbar to hide the portion of part you do not want to see in the Sketcher.silhouette edges are yellow if they are associative with the 3D. in the Tools toolbar. 2. Click the Sketch Solving Status icon status of the sketch geometry. The Options dialog box appears. Select the plane on which you need to sketch a new profile and enter the Sketcher workbench. you are going to simplify the sketch plane view by hiding the portion of material you do not need for sketching. In other words.11 Customizing for Sketcher Select the Tools -> Options command to display the Options dialog box. You will be provided an overall status of the sketch geometry as a whole. Primary spacing. Snap to point and Allow Distortions Sketch Plane: options available Shade sketch plane. so that can correct any constraint-related problem accordingly. It indicates the overall 24 . Graduations.9 Cutting the Part by the Sketch Plane This task shows how to make some edges visible. Expand the Mechanical Design option. and then click Sketcher.
allowing you to choose the type of document you need. b) the geometry area. The Sketcher workbench then provides a large number of tools allowing you to sketch the profiles you need. 3.1 Opening a New CATPart Document. Select the File -> New commands (or click the New icon). from sketching in an assembly context to iterative detailed design. which combines the power of feature-based design with the flexibility of a Boolean approach. Part Design application will enable you to accommodate design requirements for parts of various complexities. Actually. 25 . You will notice that CATIA provides three planes to let you start your design. This application.3. This task shows you how to open a new CATPart document. To open it. Remember that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. c) specific toolbars. Select Part in the List of Types field and click OK. The Part Design workbench is loaded and a CATPart document opens. offers a highly productive. designing a part from scratch will first require designing a sketch. Sketching profiles is performed in the Sketcher workbench.Part Design The Part Design application makes it possible to design precise 3D mechanical parts with an intuitive and flexible user interface. from simple to advance. which is fully integrated into Part Design. a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. The Part Design workbench document is divided into: a) the specification tree. The New dialog box is displayed. just click the Sketcher icon and select the work plane of your choice.
3. Use the combo to choose the desired line type. Z coordinates in the current axis-system On curve: Creating point on curve. Between: Creating point between two other points. ellipse.2. Click the Point icon Definition dialog box appears. On plane: Creating point on plane On surface: Creating point on a surface. The Point Coordinates: Creating point with X. Point – Point: Create line between the two points.2 Reference Elements You can display the Reference Elements toolbar using the View -> Tool bars -> Reference Elements (extended/compact) command.3. The Line Definition dialog box appears. Y. 26 . Tangent on curve: Creating point tangent to curve. Use the combo to choose the desired point type. A line type will be proposed automatically in some cases depending on your first element selection. Point – Direction: Create line from a point along a direction. Angle or normal to curve: Create line at an angle to curve. .1 Creating Points This task shows the various methods for creating points. 3. Normal to surface: Create line normal to surface.2 Creating Lines Click the Line icon .2. Tangent to curve: Create line tangent to curve. Bisecting: Create line for bisector of two lines. Circle center: Creating point of a circle.
Check the Mirrored extent option to create a line symmetrically in relation to the selected Start point. Pocket.2. others in removing material.3 Sketch-Based Features Features are entities you combine to make up your part. Parallel through point: Create a plane passing through a point & parallel to reference plane. Once you have defined the plane. Groove. Use the combo to choose the desired Plane type. In this section.3 Creating Planes This task shows the various methods for creating planes. Angle or normal to plane: Create a plane at an angle to reference plane. The Plane Definition dialog box appears.Regardless of the line type. you will learn how to create the following features: Pad. it is represented by a red square symbol. which you can move using the graphic manipulator. Loft. Offset from plane: Create a plane at a distance from reference plane. Slot. Some operations consist in adding material. Start and End values are specified by entering distance values or by using the graphic manipulators. Through three points Through two lines Through point and line Through planar curve Tangent to surface Normal to curve Mean through points Equation 3. Shaft. The features presented here are obtained by applying commands on initial profiles created in the Sketcher workbench or in the Generative Shape Design workbench. Rib. 3. and Remove Loft. 27 . Click the Plane icon .
But you can use the following options too: Up to Next . Reverse direction option lets you choose which side of the profile is to be extruded.3. You will notice that by default. Just click the More button and define the second limit. Up to Surface. Click the Mirrored extent option to extrude the profile in the opposite direction using the same length value. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. 28 . Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. Up to Plane. You can increase or decrease length values by dragging LIM1 or LIM2 manipulators. if you extrude a profile. the application specifies the length of your pad.1 PAD Creating a pad means extruding a profile or a surface in one or two directions. The Multi-Pad Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Note that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. By default.3.2 Multi-Pad With this task you can extrude multiple profiles belonging to a same sketch using different length values. If you wish to define another length for this direction. For each of them. Select Sketch as the profile to be extruded.3. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. you do not have to click the Mirrored extent button. 3. The multi-pad capability lets you do this at one time.Up to Last.
You can define a specific depth for your pocket or set one of these options: up to next.3. Click the Pocket icon . up to plane. set the Type parameter to Dimension. Double-click Pocket to edit it. using different length values. The specification tree indicates this creation.3. the application extrudes normal to the plane used to create the profile. Select the profile to be extruded.3. By default. Alternatively. up to surface. click the more button to display the whole Pocket Definition dialog box. Click OK to create the pocket. up to last. Optionally click Preview to see the result. select LIM1 manipulator and drag it downwards. if you extrude a profile.3 Pocket Creating a pocket consists in extruding a profile or a surface and removing the material resulting from the extrusion. To define a specific depth. Note 29 . The application lets you choose the limits of creation as well as the direction of extrusion. The limits you can use are the same as those available for creating pads. 3.4 Multi-Pocket This task shows you how to create a pocket feature from distinct profiles belonging to a same sketch and this. Select Sketch that contains the profiles to be extruded. To specify another direction. The multi-pocket capability lets you do this at one time. uncheck the Normal to sketch option and select a new creation direction. Click the Multi-Pocket icon .
Consequently. If needed. 3. Select the open profile. Enter Thickness2 's value. Enter Thickness1 's value. A thickness has been added to the profile as it is extruded. The first angle value is by default 360 degrees. The resulting features are then called "thin solids". and an axis about which the feature will revolve. pockets and stiffeners.6 Shaft This task illustrates how to create a shaft that is a revolved feature. For each of them. Alternatively. To add material equally to both sides of the profile. check "Neutral fiber" and click Preview to see the result. You need an open or closed profile.3. select LIM1 or 30 . The Shaft Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Shaft icon . Material has been added to the other side of the profile.5 Thin Solids When creating pads. and click Preview to see the result. Checking the "Merge Ends" option trims extrusions to existing material. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. The application previews limits LIM1 that corresponds to the first angle value. the Shaft Definition dialog box reappears to let you finish your design. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. Note that you can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes.that all profiles must be closed and must not intersect. and click Preview to see the result. 3. you can now add thickness to both sides of their profiles. you do not have to select the axis. You can create shafts from sketches including several closed profiles.3. you can change the sketch by clicking the field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. Enter the values of your choice in the fields First angle and Second angle. you can drag associated manipulators to define the extrusion value. and LIM2 that corresponds to the second angle value. The method described here is also valid for pockets. The profile is previewed in dotted line. For the purposes of our scenario. The Multi-Pocket Definition dialog box appears and the profiles are highlighted in green. Once you have done your modifications. This task shows you how to add thickness to a pad. But you can also edit your sketch by clicking the icon that opens the Sketcher. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch.
you can change the sketch by clicking the Selection field and by selecting another sketch in the geometry or in the specification tree. Click the Groove icon . Click the Reverse Direction button to inverse the revolution direction. You can create grooves from sketches including several closed profiles. For the purposes of our scenario. These profiles must not intersect and they must be on the same side of the axis. Click OK to confirm. You can select these limits and drag them onto the desired value or enter angle values in the appropriate fields. 3.3. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile and axes. The shaft is created. that is how to revolve a profile about an axis (or construction line). Click OK to confirm the 31 . This task shows you how to create a groove. Select the profile. Click Preview to see the result. you do not have to select the axis. If needed. Consequently.LIM2 manipulator and drag them onto the value of your choice. The application previews the limits LIM1 and LIM2 of the groove to be created.7 Groove Grooves are revolved features that remove material from existing features. the profile and the axis belong to the same sketch. The specification tree mentions it has been created. The Groove Definition dialog box is displayed. The application displays the name of the selected sketch in the Selection field from the Profile frame. The Selection field in the Axis frame is reserved for the axes you explicitly select. The system previews a groove entirely revolving about the axis.
Various shapes of standard holes can be created. Metric Thick Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. you can enter the values of your choice. you can then define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. The specification tree indicates the groove has been created. By default. Define the parameters as per your requirement to create threaded hole. You can define three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. These holes are: Simple Tapered Counter Bored Countersunk CounterDrilled If you wish to use the Up to Plane or Up to Surface option.3. To define a thread.operation.3. 3. the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. but you can use standard values. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values.9 Threaded Holes The Thread capability removes material surrounding the hole. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by unchecking the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line. a planar profile and possibly a reference 32 .10 Rib This task shows you how to create a rib that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to create material.3. CATIA removes material around the cylinder. This is your groove: Click OK to confirm. 3. 3. you need a center curve.8 Hole Creating a hole consists in removing material from a body. To define a rib.
The specification tree mentions this creation. Your profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. It should be kept in mind that 3D curve if selected as center curves must be continuous in tangency & if the center curve is planar. Click the Rib icon . To define this direction. The Rib Definition dialog box is displayed. To create Rib.2. Reference Surface: the angle value between axis and the reference surface is constant.11 Slot 33 . It should be a closed profile. You can control its position by choosing one of the following options: Keep Angle: keeps the angle value between the sketch plane used for the profile and the tangent of the center curve. The rib is created.3. it can be discontinuous in tangency. Select the profile you wish to sweep. It creates materials between the ends of the rib and existing material provided that existing material trims both ends. The application now previews the rib to be created. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides of Sketch. 3. Click OK. Pulling Direction: sweeps the profile with respect to a specified direction. New options are then available. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases.element or a pulling direction. you can select a plane or an edge.
you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. 34 .3. These profiles must be closed and must not intersect. you need a center curve. Check the Thick Profile option to add thickness to both sides. Click Apply to preview the loft to be created. Click the Loft icon . The resulting feature is a closed volume.12 Loft You can generate a loft feature by sweeping one or more planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Tangency then curvature. The Slot Definition dialog box is displayed. Click the Slot icon . The Loft capability assumes that the section curves to be used do not intersect. It lets the application create material between the ends of the slot and existing material. It is closed. a planar profile. Select the profile. To define a slot. By default. tangency discontinuity points are coupled. Several coupling types are available in the Coupling tab: Ratio. Tangency. The profile has been designed in a plane normal to the plane used to define the center curve. The feature can be made to respect one or more guide curves.The Loft Definition dialog box appears. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. You can note that by default.This task shows you how to create a slot that is how to sweep a profile along a center curve to remove material.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 3. The Merge ends option is to be used in specific cases. Select the three section curves. Slots can also be created from sketches including several profiles. You can control the profile position by choosing one of the following options: Keep angle. a reference element and optionally a pulling direction. The feature (identified as Loft. Vertices. Click OK to create the volume. They are highlighted in the geometry area. the application computes a spine. Pulling direction. Reference surface.
xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click the Stiffener icon Stiffener Definition dialog box is displayed. The Remove Loft Definition dialog box appears. Select the profile to be extruded. Click the Remove Loft icon . The feature (identified as Loft. the application computes a spine. The Remove Loft capability generates lofted material surface by sweeping one or several planar section curves along a computed or userdefined spine then removes this material. make sure that existing material can fully limit the extrusion of this profile. 3. If you need to use an open profile.3. .14 Stiffener This task shows you how to create a stiffener by specifying creation directions.3. By default. but if you wish to impose a curve as the spine to be used. This profile has to be created in a plane normal to the face on which the stiffener will lie. You can use wireframe geometry as your profile. you just need to click the Spine tab then the Spine field and select the spine of your choice in the geometry. Select required sections & guide curves if needed. Click OK to create the lofted surface.3.13 Remove Lofted Material This task shows how to remove lofted material. The Two creation modes are available: 35 .
The specification tree indicates it has been created.1 Edge Fillet Edge fillets are smooth transitional surfaces between two adjacent faces. if you wish to add different thickness on both sides of the profile.4 DRESSING UP OF SOLIDS 3. 3. You just need to specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 1" field and this thickness is evenly added to each side of the profile. Optionally click Preview to see the result. This option adds material equally to both sides of the profile. Two propagation modes are available: Minimal. CATIA displays the radius value. Click OK. the fillet may sometimes affect other edges of the part. Select the edges. the option "Trim ribbons" becomes available. The Edge Fillet Definition dialog box appears. From Top: the extrusion is performed normal to the profile's plane and the thickness is added in the profile's plane. With the use of a constant radius: the same radius value is applied to the entire edges. The stiffener is created.4. If you set the Tangency mode. you can then trim the fillets to be created. 36 . With the Edges to keep option the application detects these edges and stops the fillet to these edges. depending on the radius value you specified. When filleting an edge. Click the Edge Fillet icon . just uncheck the "Neutral Fiber" option and then specify the value of your choice in "Thickness 2" field. Check the Neutral Fiber option. Clicking Preview previews the fillet to be created. Tangency. Conversely. The edge selected then appears in the Objects to fillet field.From side: the extrusion is performed in the profile's plane and the thickness is added normal to the plane. Use Limiting Elements to limit the fillet. The "Neutral Fiber" option adds the same thickness to both sides of the profile.
3. You need three faces two of which are supporting faces. Select the faces to be filleted. You can change this creation mode and set Length1 and Length2.5 Basic Draft 37 . Click OK. Select the face to be removed. The faces are filleted. This creation is indicated in the specification tree. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Select the faces to be filleted. The fillet will be tangent to this face. the fillet's radius value is then more or less variable.4.4 Chamfer Chamfering consists in removing or adding a flat section from a selected edge to create a beveled surface between the two original faces common to that edge.4. Click Preview to see the fillet to be created. Chamfers can be created by selecting a face. Click OK.4. Instead of entering a radius value. Click Preview to see the chamfers to be created. The creation of this fillet is indicated in the specification tree indicates the opposite portion of material. The specification tree indicates this creation. 3. the application chamfers its edges. The default parameters to be defined are Length1 and Angle. you can use a "hold curve" to compute the fillet. Depending on the curve's shape. Click OK.2 Face-Face Fillet You generally use the Face-face fillet command when there is no intersection between the faces or when there are more than two sharp edges between the faces. 22.214.171.124 Tritangent Fillet The creation of tritangent fillets involves the removal of one of the three faces selected.
This element will remain the same during the draft. The characteristic elements are: Pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined.Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds. 3. Material has been removed & the face is drafted. Parting = Neutral to reuse the plane you selected as the neutral element. Click OK. Neutral element: this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. Draft angle: this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. you then can also check the option Draft both sides. The Propagation option can be set to: None: there is no propagation.4. Parting element: this plane. face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction.6 Variable Angle Draft 38 . Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element. If Keep Parting =Neutral.
click the Points field. Click OK. You can add as many points as you wish. Select face as the neutral element.4. The reflect line is moved accordingly.8 Shell Shelling a feature means emptying it. 3. displays the variable angle draft option as activated. Click Preview to get an idea of what the draft will look like. This line is used to support the drafted faces. The Draft Definition dialog box that appears. indicating the default pulling direction. Select the face. Enter the Default inside thickness field. The application detects two vertices and displays two identical radius values.7 Draft from Reflect Lines This will draft a face by using reflect lines as neutral lines from which the resulting faces will be generated. Enter an angle value in the Angle field. The Shell Definition dialog box appears. The application detects reflect line and displays it in pink. Shelling may also consist in adding thickness to the outside.4. The Draft from Reflect Lines Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears. 3. Select the face to be drafted. Click the Draft from Reflect Lines icon . To edit the other angle value. select the value in the geometry and increase it in the dialog box. The selected face becomes purple. Select the face to be removed. The feature is shelled. Increase the angle value: only one value is modified accordingly in the geometry. 3.4.Click the Variable Angle Draft icon . Click the Shell icon . Click OK to confirm. To add a point on the edge. while keeping a given thickness on its sides.9 Thickness 39 .
The application previews the thread.1 Translation The Translate command applies to current bodies. Select the cylindrical surface you wish to thread. Click the Translate icon . but the thread (identified as Thread. The Thread/Tap Definition dialog box is displayed. There is no geometrical representation is the geometry area. Click Preview. 3. Metric Thin Pitch: uses AFNOR standard values. This task shows you how to translate a body. Z vector components by using the contextual menu on the Direction area. The Thickness Definition dialog box is displayed. Enter a positive value. Limit faces must be planar. Click OK to create the translated element. The Translate Definition dialog box appears.You can add or remove thickness to parts.10 Thread/Tap The Thread/Tap capability creates threads or taps. Enter the thread depth.xxx) is added to the specification tree.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4. The part is thickened accordingly. The element (identified as Translate. Select a line to take its orientation as the translation direction or a plane to take its normal as the translation direction.5 Transformation Features Following are different transformation features available 3. Click the Thread/Tap icon . Select the upper face as the limit face.5. 40 . Red lines provide a simplified representation of the thread. Metric Thick Pitch:: uses AFNOR standard values. depending on the cylindrical entity of interest. Specify the translation distance by entering a value. Click OK. You can also specify the direction by means of X. Y. Click OK to confirm. Select the faces to thicken. The Numerical Definition frame provides three different thread types: No Standard: uses values entered by the user. pitch value. 3. This creation appears in the specification tree. Click the Thickness icon . Check the Left-Threaded option.
The application previews the material to be created. The element is rotated. Click the Mirror icon .5 Rectangular Pattern 41 . The specification tree mentions this creation. Click OK to create the symmetrical element.5.3. Select the lateral face to define the mirror reference. You can select a face or a plane to define the mirror reference. The element (identified as Rotate. Click OK to create the rotated element. The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. Click the Symmetry icon . The Mirror Definition dialog box appears. The pads are mirrored.5. The Symmetry command applies to current bodies. Select an edge as the rotation axis. Select a point.xxx) is added to the specification tree. You can drag it by using the graphic manipulator to adjust the rotation. Enter a value for the rotation angle.5.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 3.3 Symmetry This task shows how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation.The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears. Click the Rotate icon . Click OK to confirm the operation. line or plane as reference element. 3. 3.4 Mirror Mirroring a body or a list of features consists in duplicating these elements using symmetry. The command applies to current bodies. The original element is no longer visible but remains in the specification tree. The new element (identified as Symmetry.5.2 Rotation This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. Multi-select both pads as the features to be mirrored.
Angular spacing & total angle. These features accelerate the creation process. Now. Instances & Spacing. The Parameters field lets you choose the type of parameters you wish to specify so that the application will be able to compute the location of the items copied. The parameters you can choose are: Instances & Length. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to the left to define the second direction. Choosing Instances & Spacing dims. click the Second Direction tab to define other parameters. Enter 3 as the number of instances you wish to obtain in the first direction. Patterns let you do so. Make sure the item you wish to duplicate is correctly located in relation to the circular rotation axis. If needed. An arrow is displayed on the pad. Click the Reference element field and select the edge to specify the first direction of creation. Defining the spacing along the grid. Let the Instances & Spacing option.6 Circular Pattern This task will show you how to duplicate geometry of one or more features right away at the location of your choice using a circular pattern. circular and user patterns. Up to Plane or Up to Surface) defined for the original feature. check the Reverse button or click the arrow to modify the direction. Creating a rectangular defining only one direction is possible. Click OK. Click the Rectangular Pattern icon . Additional pockets will be aligned along this second direction. Select the feature you wish to copy. Rectangular Pattern task shows you how to duplicate the geometry of one pocket right away at the location of your choice using a rectangular pattern.You may need to duplicate the whole geometry of one or more features and to position this geometry on a part. complete crown. Select the pad which geometry you wish to copy. Instances & angular spacing.1" is displayed in the specification tree 3. Click the Circular Pattern icon . Checking the Keep specifications option creates instances with the limit Up to Next (Up to Last.This is the resulting pattern. The Rectangular Pattern Definition dialog box that appears displays the name of the geometry to pattern. The feature "RectPattern. CATIA allows you to define three types of patterns: rectangular. These parameters are: Instances & total angle. Note that defining a second direction is not compulsory.5. 42 . Spacing & Length. Click Preview to make sure the pattern meets your needs. The Circular Pattern Definition dialog box is displayed and the feature's name appears in the Object field.
Click the Reference element field and select the upper face to determine the rotation axis. Enter a value in the Ratio field or select the manipulator and drag it. click the Crown Definition tab.5. 3.1 Measuring Distances & Angles between Geometrical Entities & Points 43 .8 Scaling Scaling a body means resizing it to the dimension you specify. you are going to add a crown to your part. The body is scaled. Locating instances consists in specifying anchor points. Click the Scaling icon . To define a direction. Enter 7 as the number of pads you wish to obtain. The specification tree indicates this creation. Enter 50 degrees as the angular spacing. Click OK. you can select an edge or a planar face.6 Measuring 3. The ratio increases as you drag the manipulator in the direction pointed by the right end arrow. Click OK. The feature appears in the Object field. The User Pattern dialog box is displayed. Click Preview.7 User Pattern The User Pattern command lets you duplicate a feature as many times as you wish at the locations of your choice. To do so. Enter 2 in the Circle(s) field. Select the reference point located on the body. Select the body to be scaled.Set the Instances & Angular spacing options to define the parameters you wish to specify. Now. Select 'Sketch ' in the specification tree and click Preview. Enter -18 mm in the Circle spacing field. The pad will be repeated seven times. The specification tree indicates you performed this operation. 3. Two arrows are then displayed on the pad. Select the feature you wish to duplicate. One more ring of pads will be added. These points are created in the Sketch. This axis will be normal to the face. 3. The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Click the User Pattern icon .5.6. Click OK.
Any geometry (default mode): measures distances and angles between defined geometrical entities (points. Approximate: measures are made on tessellated objects and approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). edges. edges. The Keep Measure option lets you keep current and subsequent measures as features. This command lets you choose the selection mode. the calculation mode and axis system when measuring properties.3 Measuring Inertia 44 . If exact values cannot be measured. surfaces and entire products). properties of active products are measured with respect to the product axis system. Switch to Design Mode. edge or vertex. etc.2 Measuring Properties This task explains how to measure the properties associated to a selected item (points.6.). Click to select a surface. A line representing the minimum distance vector is drawn between the selected items in the geometry area. This is useful if you want to keep measures as annotations for example. Click the Measure Between icon. Simply click the Measure Item Select the desired measure type. or an entire product (selection 2). Appropriate distance values are displayed in the dialog box. vertices and entire products) or between points. icon in the Definition box. Click to select another surface. The Measure Between dialog box appears.This task explains how to measure minimum distances and angles between geometrical entities (surfaces. or an entire product (selection 1). 3. approximate values are given (identified by a ~ sign). Properties of active parts are measured with respect to the part axis system. By default. edges. 3. The Measure Item dialog box appears. Set View -> Render Style to Shading with Edges. edge or vertex. Exact else approximate (default mode): measures access exact data and wherever possible true values are given.6. Click the Measure Item icon. surfaces. The Measure Item command is accessible from the Measure Between dialog box.
7 Surface-Based Features 3. The measure is made on the selection. face or surface.1 Split You can split a body with a plane. Click the Measure Inertia icon. The area. Select the splitting surface.This task explains how to measure the inertia properties of an object. you must select the desired sub-product. The Dialog Box expands to display the results for the selected item. Click to select the desired item in the specification tree. Click the Split icon . Measures are persistent: a Keep Measure option in the Measure Inertia dialog box lets you keep the current measure as a feature in the specification tree. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. density and mass of the selected item. An arrow appears indicating the portion of body that will be kept. The body is split. The Split Definition dialog box is displayed.7. you can click it to reverse the direction. the principal moments of inertia M and the matrix of inertia calculated with respect to the center of gravity. density. indicating the splitting element. 45 . Select the blue pad as the body to be split. geometry or assembly. In addition to the center of gravity G. 3. You can measure the inertia properties of both surfaces and volumes. the dialog box also gives the area. Click OK. volume (volumes only). To measure the inertia of individual sub-products making up an assembly and see the results in the document window. If the arrow points in the wrong direction. mass and volume (volumes only) of the object are also calculated. Material has been removed.
The surface is thickened. If you need to reverse the arrow.7. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click OK. Click OK. The surface is closed . Click the Thick Surface icon .2 Thick Surface FINAL You can add material to a surface in two opposite directions by using the Thick Surface capability. the arrow that appears on the extrude element indicates the first offset direction. The Thick Surface Definition dialog box is displayed. Select the object you wish to thicken.7. just click it. 46 . The Close Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.INITIAL 3. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. Click the Close Surface icon . Enter 10mm as the first offset value and 6mm as the second offset value. Select the surface to be closed. that is the extrude element. INITIAL 3.3 Close Surface FINAL This task shows you to close surfaces. In the geometry area.
This capability consists in computing the intersection between a given surface and a body while removing useless material. Click the arrow to reverse the direction. An arrow appears indicating the portion of material that will be kept. Some material has been removed. INITIAL FINAL 47 .INITIAL FINAL 3. The specification tree indicates you performed the operation. You can sew all types of surfaces onto bodies.4 Sew Surface Sewing means joining together a surface and a body. indicating the object to be sewn. Click the Sew Surface icon .7. Click OK. The surface is sewn onto the body. Select the surface you wish to sew onto the body. The Sew Surface Definition dialog box is displayed.
3. INITIAL 48 . You will note that as this pocket is the first feature of the body. To assemble them. CATIA proposes to assemble the selected body to Part Body. CATIA displays this new body referred to as "Body. The operations you would accomplish on any of them would not affect the integrity of the other one. This is your new Part Body.1 Inserting a New Body This task shows you how to insert a new body into the part.8 Advanced Tasks This section will explain and illustrate how to perform operations on bodies and will provide recommendations about how to optimize the use of the application.3. Now.x are autonomous. Removing Bodies.x" in the specification tree. indicating that it is the active body. you can then associate these bodies in different ways to obtain the final shape of the part. CATIA removes the material defined by the pocket from Part Body.2 Assembling Bodies Assembling is an operation integrating your part specifications. Click OK to confirm. 3. It allows you to create complex geometry. During the operation. You can now construct this new body using the diverse commands available in this workbench or in other workbenches. It is underlined. Intersecting Bodies. The result is immediate. You will notice that Part Body and Body. By default. When your part includes several bodies.8. refer to the following tasks showing the different ways of attaching bodies: Adding Bodies. Assembling Bodies. select Body 2 and click the Assemble icon . Example: you are going to assemble a pocket on Part Body. if you wish to combine them.8. material has been added. Trimming Bodies. Click the Insert Body icon. The Assemble dialog box displays to let you determine the operation you wish to perform.
Click the Add icon . The Add dialog box that appears displays the name of the selected body and the Part Body.FINAL 3.3 Adding Bodies This task illustrates how to add a body to another body. By default. Adding a body to another one means uniting them.8. the application proposes to add the selected body to 49 .
Part Body.1 has been removed. You will note that: the material common to Part Body and Body. INITIAL FINAL 50 . Click OK.
3.8.4 Removing Bodies
This task illustrates how to remove a body from another body. Click the Remove icon
The result is immediate. However, if the specification tree is composed of several bodies, a dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the application proposes to remove the selected body from Part Body. 3.8.5 Intersecting Bodies The material resulting from an intersection operation between two bodies is the material shared by these bodies. When working in a CATProduct document, it is no longer necessary to copy and paste the bodies belonging to distinct parts before associating them. You can directly associate these bodies using the same steps as described in this task. Click the Intersect... icon. The
Intersect dialog box displays to let you determine the second body you wish to use. By default, the
application proposes to intersect the selected body to Part Body. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to confirm. CATIA computes the intersection between the two bodies. 3.8.6 Trimming Bodies Applying the Union Trim command on a body entails defining the elements to be kept or removed while performing the union operation. You need to select the required bodies and specify the faces you wish to keep or remove. Click the Union Trim icon . Select the body you wish to trim, i.e.
Body.2. The Trim Definition dialog box is displayed. The faces you cannot select are displayed in red. Click the Faces to remove field and select Body.2 's inner face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that the application is going to remove it. Click the Faces to keep field and select Part Body. 's inner face. This face becomes blue, meaning that the application is going to keep it. Clicking the Preview button lets you check if your specifications meet your needs or not. To restore the view, you simply need to click the Undo command. Click OK to confirm. The
application computes the material to be removed. The operation (identified as Trim.xxx) is added to the specification tree.
3.8.7 Remove Lump
The Remove Lump command lets you reshape a body by removing material. To remove material, either you specify the faces you wish to remove or conversely, the faces you wish to keep. In some cases, you need to specify both the faces to remove and the faces to keep. Select the body you wish to reshape, that is Part Body. Click the Remove Lump icon . The Remove Lump dialog box
appears. The application prompts you to specify the faces you wish to remove as well as the faces you need to keep. Click the Faces to remove field and select the colored face. The selected face appears in pink, meaning that it will be removed during the operation. Click OK.
3.9 Customizing a Part Design Work Bench
3.9.1 Customizing a CATPart document This task shows you how to set general settings. Select the Tools -> Options... command. Click the Infrastructure category, the Part Infrastructure subcategory, then the Part Document tab. The tab appears, containing one option: New Part Check Create an Axis System when creating a new part if you wish to create a threeaxis system which origin point is defined by the intersection of the three default planes that is plane xy, plane yz, and plane zx. When the CATPart is open, the axis system is displayed both in the geometry and in the specification tree 3.9.2 Customizing General Settings
When selecting a sketch as 54 . then the Part Infrastructure subcategory. Update. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.Wireframe and Surface workbench The basic tasks you will perform in the Wireframe and Surface workbench are mainly the creation of wireframe and surface geometry you will use to build your part design. command Click the Infrastructure category. Update. which means that if they are shared by other features. Check Automatic: parts are updated automatically. Select the Tools -> Options command. you just need to use the Isolate command. The tab appears. The General tab appears. Check Synchronize all external references for update to make sure that CATIA updates elements copied from other parts..Check Confirm when creating a link with selected object.Checking the Keep link with selected object option lets you maintain the links between external references. This option is used as you are editing parts included in assemblies.Check Create external references in Show mode to define the visualization mode for the elements while they are being created.Check Display the Delete dialog box if you wish to access filters for deletion Check Delete referenced sketches if you wish to delete sketches associated to features while you are deleting those features.. they will not be deleted. The Options dialog box is displayed. Click the Infrastructure category. 3. Select the Tools -> Options. When creating a geometric element. then Display tab.9.. External References.Check Only use published elements for external selection if you want to make only published elements valid for selection. Geometry. you often need to select other elements as inputs. containing three categories of options: External References.3 Customizing the Tree and Geometry Views This task shows you how to control the display of the elements you create in the specification tree. 4. If later you need to cut the link between external references and their origin. It also shows you how to control the display of features in the geometry area.This task shows you how to set general settings. Delete Operation . and their origins when you are editing these elements.Check Manual: you wish to control your update operations. Sketches will be deleted only if they are exclusive. containing two categories of options: Specification tree.. and Delete Operation. from where we can customize the Tree and Geometry Views. copied elements for example.
The Planes Between dialog box appears. 4. 4. You should avoid selecting self-intersecting sketches as well as sketches containing heterogeneous elements such as a curve and a point for example. Click the Planes Repetition icon . Select the two planes between which the new planes must be created. Select a curve or a Point on curve.2 Creating Planes Between Other Planes This task shows how to create any number of planes between two existing planes. in only one operation. the last and first instances are the curve end points.1 Creating Multiple Points This task shows how to create several points at a time. Define the number or points to be created (instances field). 4. If you check the with end points option. Click OK to create the planes.the input element.3 Creating Polylines 55 . Click OK to create the point instances evenly spaced over the curve on the direction indicated by the arrow. some restrictions apply. The Multiple Points Creation dialog box appears. depending on the feature you are creating. Click the Point & Planes Repetition icon . Specify the number of planes to be created between the two selected planes.
These linear segments may be connected by blending radii. Click the Circle icon . Click OK in the dialog box to create the polyline. The circle (identified as Circle.4 Creating Circles This task shows the various methods for creating circles and circular arcs. Two points and radius. For example for first option: Select a point as circle Center. Click the Polyline icon .This task shows how to create a Polyline that is a broken line made of several connected segments.Tritangent. Depending on the active Circle Limitations icon. Select several points in a row to create a polyline. Enter all input as specified. It is possible to add or remove points on polyline. Use the combo to choose the desired circle type: Center and radius. Click OK to create the circle or circular arc. Select the Support plane or surface where the circle is to be created. Center and point. 4. 56 . Bitangent and radius .xxx) is added to the specification tree. Three points. Bitangent and point . The Circle Definition dialog box appears. The Polyline Definition dialog box appears. the corresponding circle or circular arc is displayed. Enter a Radius value.
Remove the selected point.5 Creating Splines This task shows the various methods for creating spline curves. and select a support. Replace the selected point by another point. It is possible to edit the spline by first selecting a point in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either: Add a point after the selected point. Select two or more points where the spline is to pass. 57 . The Spline Definition dialog box appears. Add a point before the selected point. An updated spline is visualized each time a point is selected.4. Click the Spline icon . You can select the Geometry on support check box.
The Corner Definition dialog box appears. such as coils and springs for example. Select two curves as reference element. Starting Angle. The Helix Curve Definition dialog box appears. Taper Angle. or directly select the corner you want in the geometry. Profile. Click OK to create the helix. Enter a Radius value. The reference elements must lie on this support. Select a starting point and an axis. The corner will be created between these two references. Set the helix parameters: Pitch. as well as the center of the circle defining the corner. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two reference elements to the corner. 58 .7 Creating Corners This task shows you how to create a corner between two curves or between a point and a curve. Select the Support surface. Several solutions may be possible. 4. The resulting corner is a curve seen as an arc of circle lying on a support place or surface. Click OK to create the corner. Height. The helical curve (identified as Helix. Click the Helix icon .6 Creating a Helix This task shows the various methods for creating helical 3D curves. so click the Next Solution button to move to another corner solution.4. Orientation. Click the Corner icon .xxx) is added to the specification tree.
The Spiral Curve Definition dialog box appears. along the Reference direction. Click the Connect Curve icon . that is the rotation direction: clockwise or counter clockwise 59 . Use the combos to specify the desired Continuity type: Point. Tangency or Curvature. when the spiral is defined by an angle. Select a supporting plane and the Center point for the spiral. at which the spiral's first revolution starts. Specify the Start radius value. You can select the Trim elements check box if you want to trim and assemble the two initial curves to the connect curve.Define the spiral's Orientation. Click the Spiral icon . that is the distance from the Center point. Click OK to create the connect curve. Specify a Reference direction along which the Start radius value is measured and from which the angle is computed. Select a first Point on a curve then a second Point on a second curve. 4.8 Creating Connect Curves This task shows how to create connecting curves between two existing curves.4. The Connect Curve Definition dialog box appears. that is a in 2D plane.9 Creating Spirals This task shows how to create curves in the shape of spirals.
Select the Support element.11 Creating Conic Curves This task shows the various methods for creating conics. The Conic Definition dialog box opens. Click the Projection icon . Select the element to be projected.4. The resulting curves are arcs of either parabolas. Use the combo to specify the direction type for the projection: Normal or Along a direction. Click the Conic icon . passing points or tangents. 4. hyperbolas or ellipses.10 Creating Projections This task shows you how to create geometry by projecting one or more elements onto a support. The projection may be normal or along a direction. The Projection Definition dialog box appears. 60 . that is curves defined by five constraints: start and end points. You can select several elements to be projected. The projection is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the projection element.
This element (identified as Intersect. Point. etc. Avoid using input elements. which are tangent to each other since this may result in geometric instabilities in the tangency zone. Choose the type of intersection to be displayed: A Curve. lines.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 61 .12 Creating Intersections This task shows you how to create wireframe geometry by intersecting elements. The Intersection Definition dialog box appears. A Face. A Contour. Select the two elements to be intersected.Fill in the conic curve parameters. depending on the type of curve to be created by selecting geometric elements (points. Click the Intersection icon . The intersection is displayed. Click OK to create the intersection element.) 4.
13 Creating Surfaces Wireframe and Surface allows you to model both simple and complex surfaces using techniques such as extruding. Select the profile to be extruded and specify the desired extrusion direction. Enter numerical values or use the graphic manipulators to define the start and end limits of the extrusion. Geometry with no history is called a datum.13. lofting and sweeping. You can click the Reverse Direction button to display the extrusion on the other side of the selected profile.4. For creating datum feature use create datum icon in tool menu icon. The Extruded Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Extrude icon . 62 . Click OK to create the surface. 4.1 Creating Extruded Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by extruding a profile along a given direction. Two creation modes are available: either you create geometry with its history or not.
4. Click the Sphere icon from the Extrude-Revolution toolbar.13. The Sphere Surface Definition 63 . 4.13. The spherical surface is based on a center point. Click the Revolve icon . and angular limits. Select the Profile and a line indicating the desired Revolution axis. You can select another revolution axis simply by selecting a new line. Click OK to create the surface. the latter is selected by default as the revolution axis. Enter angle values or use the graphic manipulators to define the angular limits of the revolution surface. If the profile is a sketch containing an axis.3 Creating Spherical Surfaces This task shows how to create surfaces in the shape of a sphere.2 Creating Revolution Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by revolving a planar profile about an axis. an axis-system defining the meridian & parallel curves orientation. There must be no intersection between the axis and the profile. The Revolution Surface Definition dialog box appears.
Click Apply to preview the surface. Modify the Sphere radius and the Angular Limits as required. Click OK to create the surface. Check the Both sides button to generate two offset surfaces. Click Apply to previews the offset surface. one on each side of the reference surface. 4.5 Creating Swept Surfaces a) Using an Explicit Profile This task shows how to create a swept surface that uses an explicit profile. An arrow indicates the proposed direction for the offset. Select the center point of the sphere.13. Specify the offset by entering a value or using the graphic manipulator. The offset surface is displayed normal to the reference surface.dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the surfaces. You can sweep an explicit profile: along one or two guide curves (in this case the first guide curve is used as the spine).4 Creating Offset Surfaces This task shows how to create a surface by offsetting an existing surface. Click the Offset icon . You can create a swept surface by sweeping out a profile in planes normal to a spine curve while taking other user-defined parameters (such as guide curves and reference elements) into account. The Offset Surface Definition dialog box appears. along 64 .13. Select the surface to be offset. 4.
This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit linear profile. With tangency surface. b) Using a Linear Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click the Circle icon. you can select a reference Surface. The two following cases are possible using guide curves: Select three guide curves. Click the Sweep icon . then use the combo to choose the subtype. If you want to control the position of the profile during the sweep. select a Spine. In the Smooth sweeping section. Click OK to create the swept surface. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Select the planar Profile to be swept out. With reference curve. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an explicit profile. If needed. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Line profile icon. Select two guide curves and enter a Radius value. You can then choose between four possible solutions by clicking the Other Solution button.one or two guide curves while respecting a spine. Select a Guide curve. The surface (identified as Sweep. you can check: the Angular correction option to smooth the sweeping motion along the reference surface. select a Second Guide. Click the Law button if you want a specific law to be applied rather that the absolute value. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit circular profile. Click the Sweep icon . If needed. c) Using a Circular Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. If no spine is selected. With reference surface. The five possible cases are Two limits. Limit and middle. 65 . With draft direction.xxx) is added to the specification tree. The profile is swept out in planes normal to the spine. if the swept surface is longer than necessary for example. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click the Sweep icon . Click the Explicit profile icon. You can define relimiters (points or planes) in order to longitudinally reduce the domain of the sweep. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. the guide curve is implicitly used as the spine.
Click the Loft icon . You can edit the boundary by first selecting an element in the dialog box list then choosing a button to either. The surface (identified as Sweep. The Fill Surface Definition dialog box appears. Replace the selected element by another curve. Click OK to create the swept surface. Click OK to create the swept surface. Select one or two section curves. and enter a radius value. such as parabolas.13. This point should lie within the area delimited by the selected curves. Three guides. If not. The surface can be made to respect one or more guide curves.13. Click the Fill icon . If 66 . Click the Sweep icon . the results may be inconsistent.The two following cases are possible using a center curve: Select a Center Curve and a Reference angle curve.6 Creating Filling Surfaces This task shows how to create fill surfaces between a number of boundary segments. and then use the combo to choose the subtype. The two following cases are possible using a reference surface to which the swept surface is to be tangent: Select two guide curves. d) Using a Conical Profile This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Select a passing point. Select curves or surface edges to form a closed boundary. a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent.7 Creating Lofted Surfaces You can generate a lofted surface by sweeping one or two planar section curves along a computed or user-defined spine. Add a new element after or before the selected one. The Lofted Surface Definition dialog box appears. Click the Conic icon. 4.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Two guides. Five guides. Click OK to create the fill surface. hyperbolas or ellipses. 4. Select a Center Curve and enter a Radius value. Remove the selected element. and a reference surface to which the sweep is to be tangent.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Four guides. The surface (identified as Sweep. Select guide curves. The Swept Surface Definition dialog box appears. This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit conical profile.
End extremity. and so forth. It defines the tension of the blend at its limits. Select the element to be split. Set the continuity type using the Basic tab.8 Creating Blended Surfaces This task shows how to create a blended surface. 4. 4. Vertices. Click the Split icon . Tangency then curvature. Select the cutting element.14. 4.needed. Click the Blend icon . The Relimitation tab lets you specify the loft relimitation type. Tangency. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. The Blend Definition dialog box appears. Click OK. You can select several cutting elements. continuity. note that the selection order is important as the area to be split is defined according to the side to be kept in relation to current splitting element. In that case. that is a surface between two wireframe elements. such as tension. Several coupling types are available. The surface (identified as Blend.13. then the second curve and its support. Successively select the first curve and its support. Use the Planar surface detection check button to automatically convert planar surfaces into planes. on both. Click OK to create the lofted surface. A preview of the split appears.14 Performing Operations on Shape Geometry Wireframe and Surface allows you to modify your design using techniques such as trimming. select the Spine check box to use an automatically computed spine or select a curve to impose that curve as the spine. or on none. translating and rotating. select one or more guide curves. In the Spine tab page. 67 . None. only on the End section.1 Splitting Geometry This task shows how to split a surface or wireframe element by means of a cutting element. The Split Definition dialog box appears. taking a number of constraints into account.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Activate the Trim first/second support option to trim them by the curve and assemble them to the blend surface. Start extremity. depending on the section configuration: Ratio. Set the tension type using the Tension tab. You can also specify whether and where the blend boundaries must be tangent to the supports boundaries: Both extremities. You can choose to limit the loft only on the Start section.
Check the Result simplification button to allow the system to automatically reduce the number of faces in the resulting trim whenever possible.The Elements to remove and Elements to keep options allow defining the portions to be removed or kept when performing the split operation. 4. You can change the portion to be kept by selecting that portion. You can also select the portions to be kept by clicking the Other side of element 1 and Other side of element 2 buttons. You are advised to use the Elements to remove and Elements to keep options to define the portions to be kept or removed. 68 . In that case it appears as a separate Split.xxx element in the specification tree.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Check the Intersections computation button to create an aggregated intersection when performing the splitting operation. Select the two surfaces or two wireframe elements to be trimmed. Click OK to trim the surfaces or wireframe elements. The Trim Definition dialog box appears. The trimmed element (identified as Trim.14. Check the Keep both sides option to retain the split element after the operation. Click OK to split the element. A preview of the trimmed element appears. Click the Trim icon .2 Trimming Geometry This task shows how to trim two surfaces or two wireframe elements.
Select a Surface edge. 69 . The extracted element (identified as Extract. Choose the Propagation type: Point continuity. Click the Extract icon . The boundary curve is displayed according to the selected propagation type. points.4. a point on the curve for example. 4.14.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Click OK to create the boundary curve. No propagation. Click OK to extract the element. and so forth. The Extract Definition dialog box is displayed.3 Boundary Curves This task shows how to create boundary curves. Click the Boundary icon .). This may be especially useful when a generated element is composed of several non-connex subelements. or Tangent continuity. without deleting the initial element. solids. Using the extract capability you can generate separate elements from these sub-elements. Select an edge or the face of an element. The Boundary Definition dialog box appears. You can relimit the boundary curve by means of two elements. The selected element is highlighted.14.4 Extracting Geometry This task shows how to perform an extract from elements (curves.
6 Rotating Geometry This task shows you how to rotate geometry about an axis. point. 4. The Symmetry Definition dialog box appears.14. Use the Repeat object after OK checkbox to create several rotated surfaces. Click OK to create the symmetrical element. Click the Scaling icon . The Scaling Definition dialog box appears. Click the Symmetry icon .14.4. Click OK to create the translated element. plane or planar surface. Specify the characteristics of the axis system to be used for the affinity 70 . line or surface element. line or plane as reference element.14.14. 4. Click OK to create the rotated element. Click OK. Click OK to create the scaled element. Select the element to be translated. Click the Translate icon . Select a point. 4. Select the scaling reference point. Click the Affinity icon . The Rotate Definition dialog box appears. The Translate Definition dialog box appears. The element (identified as Translate . Select a line as the rotation axis. Specify the scaling ratio by entering a value or using the Drag manipulator. Select the element to be rotated.7 Performing a Symmetry on Geometry This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a symmetry operation. Select the element to be transformed by symmetry. or more. 4. Click the Rotate icon . Select the element to be transformed by scaling.xxx) is added to the specification tree.8 Transforming Geometry by Scaling This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of a scaling operation. Select the Vector Definition.5 Translating Geometry This task shows you how to translate one.14. The Affinity Definition dialog box appears.9 Transforming Geometry by Affinity This task shows you how to transform geometry by means of an affinity operation. Enter a value or use the Drag manipulator to specify the rotation angle. Select the element to be transformed by affinity.
10 Extrapolating Surfaces This task shows you how to extrapolate a surface boundary. Specify Extremities conditions between the extrapolated surface and the support surface: tangent & normal. 4. Click OK to create the joined surface or curve. Click the Join icon.14. Click the Extrapolate icon .11 Joining Surfaces or Curves This task shows how to join two surfaces or two curves. Z values. Select the surfaces or curves to be joined. Sub-Elements To Remove. Check the Check connexity button to find out whether the elements to be joined are connex. Click OK to create the extrapolated surface. Merging distance. Specify the Limit of the extrapolation by either by entering the value of the extrapolation length or selecting a limit surface or plane. Check the Check tangency button to find out whether the elements to be joined are tangent. federation. Ignore erroneous elements. 4. The Extrapolate Definition dialog box appears. Angle Tolerance. Select the Assemble result check box if you want the extrapolated surface to be assembled to the support surface. Check the Check manifold button to find out whether the resulting join is manifold. Specify the Continuity type tangent & curvature. 71 . Select a surface Boundary. Click OK to create the affinity element.operation. Select the surface to be Extrapolated. The Join Definition dialog box appears. Y. Specify the affinity ratios by entering the desired X. The surfaces or curves to be joined must be adjacent.14. Other options available are Simplify the result.
13 Restoring a Surface In this task you will learn how to restore the limits of a surface when it has been split using the Break Surface or Curve icon.4. The Untrim dialog box is displayed. Click OK to create the healed surfaces. 4.14. that is how to fill any gap that may be appearing between two surfaces. while the surface is restored. From the Parameters tab. by clicking the Sharpness tab. 72 . Select the surfaces to be healed. Select the surface which limits should be restored. The Sharpness angle allows to redefine the limit between a sharp angle and a flat angle. The Healing Definition dialog box appears. define the distance below which elements are to be healed.14. Click OK in the dialog box. Click the Untrim icon in the Join-Healing Modification toolbar. You can also set the Distance objective.12 Healing Geometry This task shows how to heal surfaces. Click the Healing icon. Select the surface which limits should be restored. The surface (identified as Heal. A progression bar is displayed.xxx) is added to the specification tree. Provided the Tangent mode is active. and selecting one or more edges. you can retain sharp edges.
e. i. and type of discontinuity (point. The point of updating your design is to make the application take your last operation into account. The Disassemble dialog box is displayed.14.15 Updating Your Design This task explains how and when you should update your design. Click the Curve Smooth icon . that is to say independent elements are created. Select the element to be disassembled. To warn you that an update is needed. that can be manipulated independently. A progression bar is displayed. and smooth tangency and curvature discontinuities.14 Disassembling Elements In this task you will learn how to disassemble multi-cell bodies into mono-cell bodies. fill the gaps. curvature or tangency) and their values (In area).14. A resulting element can be made of several cells. Click the Disassemble icon in the Join-Healing toolbar. To update the part. The selected element is disassembled. These values type are expressed in the following units: for a point discontinuity: the unit is the document's distance unit (mm by default) for a tangency discontinuity: the unit is the document's angular unit (degree by default) for a curvature discontinuity: the value is a ratio between 0 and 1 4. in order to generate better quality geometry when using this curve to create other elements. CATIA displays the update symbol next to the part name and displays the corresponding geometry in bright red. while the surface is being disassembled. A progression bar indicates the .15 Smoothing Curves This task shows how to smooth a curve. click the Update icon evolution of the operation. Domains Only: elements are partially disassembled. the application provides two update modes: automatic update. To update a part. Indeed some changes to geometry or a constraint may require rebuilding the part. 4.4. Texts are displayed on the curve indicating its discontinuities before smoothing. Click OK in the dialog box. Choose the disassembling mode: All Cells: all cells are disassembled. Select the curve to be smoothed. 73 . manual update.
x. c) Moving an open body to a new body: Right-click the desired open body in the specification tree and select the Change Body command from the contextual menu.17 Managing Open Bodies in the Specification Tree This task shows how to manage the specification tree. The result is immediate. incrementing its name in relation to the pre-existing bodies. The Axis System Definition dialog box is displayed. in the specification tree. select the branch of your choice.4. Select the Insert -> Axis System command or click the Axis System icon . 4. a) Inserting an Open Body: In the specification tree. It is underlined. This branch will be considered as a child of the new open body and can be an open body or a feature. The axis system displayed in the specification tree. Right-click the desired open body then select the Remove Open Body contextual command. This involves. Select the new body where the open body is to be located. Click OK to move the open body to the new body.18 Hiding/Showing Open Bodies and Their Contents This task shows how to use the Hide/Show command on different level of open bodies and for different purposes. select the open body or contents of open body you wish to hide/show. indicating that it is the active open body. Select the Insert -> Open Body menu command. In the specification tree. 4. removing open body entities and changing body. inserting open body entities. Right-click to display the contextual menu and choose the Hide/show 74 . The Change Body dialog box appears.16 Defining an Axis System This task explains how to define a new three-axis system locally. The open body is removed and its constituent entities are included in the father open body. There are two ways of defining it: either by selecting geometry or by entering coordinates. CATIA displays this new Open_body. An axis system is composed of an origin point and three orthogonal axes. b) Removing an Open Body: This is only possible when the father location of the open body is another open body.
Min. 5. Generative Shape Design The Generative Shape Design workbench allows you to quickly model both simple and complex shapes using wireframe and surface features. Set the correct options: Max. The open body or it’s content is hidden. when combined with other products such as Part Design. It provides a large set of tools for creating and editing shape designs and. Click OK. Click the Extremum icon . Advance commands in GSD are as follows. This task shows how to create extremum elements (points. Select a curve.2 Creating Polar Extremum Elements 75 . according to given directions. or a pad. if it was hidden. All basic commands in GSD are identical to commands in WF&SD.1 Creating Extremum Elements This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. The Extremum Definition dialog box is displayed. edges or faces). Select the direction into which the extremum point must be identified. 5. a surface.command.xxx) is added to the specification tree. 5. or becomes visible. it meets the requirements of solid-based hybrid modeling. if it was visible. that is elements at the minimum or maximum distance on a curve. The point (identified as Extremum.
on a planar contour. Click OK. that is a curve normal to a list of ordered planes or planar curves. Creating a Spine Based on Guiding Curves: Click the Spine icon. Click Preview. Select the contour or curve on which the extremum element is to be created.xxx). Max radius. The spine is displayed. lofted. Creating a Spine Based on Planes: Click the Spine icon . or filleted surfaces. Click Preview. Depending on the selected computation type. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. The element (identified as Polar Extremum. Click within the Guide list and successively select two guiding curves.3 Creating a Spine This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click OK to create the spine. Successively select planes. the results can be: Min radius. is added to the specification tree. in order to determine the axis system in which the extremum element is to be created. The Polar Extremum Definition dialog box appears. Click the Polar Extremum icon . These spines are useful when creating complex surfaces such as swept. Min angle. 76 . a point in this case. 5.This command is only available with the Generative Shape Design product. Click OK to create the extremum point. You can also select a start point. This task shows how to create a spine. Select the supporting surface of the contour. The radius or angle value is displayed in the Polar Extremum Definition dialog box for information. The Spine Curve Definition dialog box is displayed. Specify the axis origin and a reference direction. This task shows how to create an element of extremum radius or angle. Max angle.
Key in an angle. Click the Parallel Curve icon . Reflect lines are curves for which the normal to the surface in each point present the same angle with a specified direction. Successively select the two curves to be combined. select the support surface and a direction. Specify the offset of the parallel curve 5. that is a curve resulting from the intersection of the extrusion of two curves. The Parallel Curve Definition dialog box appears. Click the Reflect Lines icon . Choose the combine type: normal or along directions. representing the value between the selected direction and the normal to the surface 77 .6 Creating Reflect Lines This task shows you how to create reflect lines. The Combine Definition dialog box appears.xxx) is added to the specification tree.4 Creating Combined Curves This task shows you how to create combined curves. Select the reference Curve to be offset. whether closed or open.5. Click OK to create the element. 5. Click the Combine icon . The combine (identified as Combine. Select the Support plane or surface on which the reference curve lies.5 Creating Parallel Curves This task shows you how to create a curve that is parallel to a reference curve.
Select the Shape -> Generative Shape Design. The General tab displays.5. Assembly Design 78 . The Options dialog box is displayed. Select the Sketch to be swept along the guiding curve. Select the Guiding curve. Click the Adaptive Sweep icon . The Reference surface is optional.7 Creating Adaptive Swept Surfaces This task shows how to create swept surfaces that use an implicit profile and its constraints along a guiding curve. Click Preview to preview the swept surface. Click OK to confirm setting these permanent options. Click the Parameters tab to display and redefine the constraints on a given section. You can specify a maximum deviation to set the allowed deviation between the initial element and the smoothed element by entering a value or using the spinners. 5. When designing the profile to be swept. The list in the Sections tab is automatically updated with the first section being at the intersection of the selected sketch and guiding curve.8 Customizing For Generative Shape Design This section describes how to customize different settings specific to the Generative Shape Design workbench. keep in mind that the constraints imposed on the sketched profile affect the resulting swept surface. G1 : enhances the current continuity to tangent continuity. These swept surfaces are created based on sections along the guiding curve and constraints that can be specified for each of these sections. Choose the Smoothing Type: None: deactivates the smoothing result. Select the Tools -> Options command. 6. Click OK to create the swept surface. G2 : enhances the current continuity to curvature continuity. It is the surface on which the guiding curve lies and is used to define the axis system in which the swept surface is created. The Adaptive Sweep dialog box appears. Select points on guide to add other sections. The settings described here deal with permanent setting customization.
a number of contextual commands available in the specification tree and in the geometry. In the specification tree. To create an assembly. select Product1 and click the New Component icon includes Product1 (Product1. 6.2. The product document contains: a specification tree to the left of the application window. specific toolbars to the right of the application window. Here is illustration of the several stages of creation you may encounter for an assembly.1). You can use parts to create products.2 Inserting a Components 6.1) is created in the . Note that these commands can also be accessed from the menu bar. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly Design command to launch the required workbench. 6. You can see that "Product1" is displayed in the specification tree. In the specification tree. 6. The Assembly Design workbench is opened.2 Inserting a New Product This task will show you how to insert a product in an existing assembly. indicating the building block of the assembly to be created.The Assembly Design used to create an assembly starting from scratch.2. The structure of your assembly now 79 .3 Inserting a New Part icon. you need products.1 Creating an Assembly Document This task will show you how to enter the Assembly Design workbench to create a new assembly from scratch.2. The application uses the term "product" or "component" to indicate assemblies or parts. Those products can in turn be used to create other products. select Product1 and click the New Product specification tree. 6.1 Inserting a New Component This task will show you how to insert a component into an existing assembly. The Product2 (Product2.
In the specification tree. Click OK to create the components. 6. Select the component you wish to instantiate. The Parameters option lets you choose between the following categories of parameters to define: Instances & Spacing.4 Fast Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components using the parameters previously set in the Multi Instantiation command. proposing two options to locate the part: Click Yes to locate the part origin point on a selected point. Setting constraints is rather an easy task. To define the direction of creation. on another component for example. Three components are created according to the parameters defined in the Multi-Instantiation dialog box. Click No to define the origin point of a component based on the origin point of the parent component. check x-axis.5 Using Assembly Constraints This section describes the notions and operating modes you will need to set and use constraints in your assembly structure. you should keep in mind the 80 . and the system will place the components exactly the way you want. select Product1 and click the New Part icon . indicating the name of the component to be instantiated. You will use the Fast Multi-Instantiation command to quickly repeat the component of your choice. However. 6. Instances & Length and Spacing & Length. Click the Define Multi-Instantiation icon . Click the Fast Multi-Instantiation icon . The Multi-Instantiation dialog box is displayed.3 Defining a Multi-Instantiation This task shows you how to repeat components as many times as you wish in the direction of your choice. Constraints allow you to position mechanical components correctly in relation to the other components of the assembly. 6. The operation is very simple. If geometry exists in the assembly. the New Part: Origin Point dialog box is displayed. The application previews the location of the new components.This task will show you how to insert a new part in an existing assembly. The result is immediate. You just need to specify the type of constraints you wish to set up between two components. Select the component you wish to instantiate.
Click OK to create the coincidence constraint. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options: Undefined (the application finds the best solution). you may obtain concentricity.following: You can apply constraints only between the child components of the active component. 6.1 Creating a Coincidence Constraint Coincidence-type constraints are used to align elements. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. coaxiality or coplanarity. opposite. You cannot define constraints between two geometric elements belonging to the same component.5. Select the faces to be constrained. Click the Contact Constraint icon . indicating orientations. Double-clicking activates it. 6. The selected component is orange framed (default color). As the contact constraint is created. one component is moved so as to adopt its new position. Select the face to be constrained. Depending on the selected elements.2 Creating a Contact Constraint Contact-type constraints can be created between two planar faces (directed planes). The active component is blue framed (default color) and underlined. Green graphic symbols are 81 .5. You cannot apply a constraint between two components belonging to the same subassembly if this subassembly is not the active component. Green arrows appear on the selected faces. Click the Coincidence Constraint icon . Same. Select the second face to be constrained. This constraint is added to the specification tree too. The components involved and their status are indicated.
4 Creating an Angle Constraint Angle-type constraints fall into three categories: Angle. A green anchor is displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined.5 Fixing a Component Fixing a component means preventing this component from moving from its parents during the update operation.5. that is the light blue . 6. you will have to define an angle value. This operation is referred to as "Fix". Click OK to create the angle component. which means setting an absolute position.5. The Constraint Properties dialog box is displayed with the properties of the selected constraint and the list of available constraints.3 Creating an Offset Constraint When defining an offset constraint between two components. In the dialog box that appears. Click the Angle Constraint icon . Fix: Double-click the fix constraint you have just created to edit it. When setting an angle constraint. You can define the orientation of the faces to be constrained by choosing one of these options. The components involved and their status are indicated. This operation is referred to as "Fix in space". Perpendicularity (angle value equals 90 degrees). Keep the Angle option. Click the Offset Constraint icon . By fixing its position according to other components. Note that four sectors are available: constraint.displayed in the geometry area to indicate that this constraint has been defined. The constraint is created. click More to expand the dialog box. 82 .5. Parallelism (angle value equals zero). Enter angle in the Angle field and keep Sector 1. Select the faces to be constrained. 6. Uncheck the Fix in space option to the left of the dialog box. Click OK to create the offset constraint. you need to specify how faces should be oriented. which means setting a relative position. Fix in Space: Click the Fix icon . This constraint is added to the specification tree. Select the faces to be constrained. The Constraint Properties dialog box that appears displays the properties of the constraint. There are two ways of fixing a component: by fixing its position according to the geometrical origin of the assembly. Select the component to be fixed. 6.
not necessarily in the active component. displays all possible constraints. The Fix Together dialog box appears.5. Click OK. 6. Click Apply to preview the constraint in the specification tree and the geometry. Click the Fix Together icon . 6. The Change Type dialog box that appears. Click the Change Constraint icon . displaying the list of selected components. 6.7 Using the Quick Constraint Command The Quick Constraint command creates the first possible constraint as specified in the priority list. The Fix Together command attaches selected elements together.6 Fixing Components Together This task consists in fixing two components together.The lock symbol is no longer displayed in the specification tree. but they must belong to the active component. The possible constrain between these will be according to list specifying the order of constraint creation: Surface contact. Move the fixed component. Click OK to validate the operation. A surface contact constraint is created & constraint is added to the specification tree. Select the constraint to be changed. enter a new name for the group of components you want to create. Double-click the Quick Constraint icon . Select the new type of constraint. Update the assembly: now the component remains at its location. You can select as many components as you wish. meaning that the component is positioned according to the other components only. Select the two entities to be constrained. You can select any constraints. Click OK to confirm. Moving one of them moves the other one too.5. 83 . Angle and Parallelism.5. This operation is possible depending on the supporting elements. Coincidence. You can select the components in the specification tree or in the geometry area. The components are attached to each other. In the Name field. Offset. The first constraint in the list can now be set.8 Changing Constraints Changing a constraint means replacing the type of this constraint by another type.
The graphic symbol representing the deactivated constraint is now displayed in white. to update the indicating the name of the pattern. The assembly is updated. The application lets you choose between updating the whole assembly or the components of your choice. You can choose between two update modes within the Assembly Design workbench: Automatic or Manual.6 Updating an Assembly Updating an assembly means updating its components as well as its constraints. Select any activated constraint. Click the Reuse Pattern icon . create a new instance. but the application allows you to redefine the colors you want. Right-click and select the Deactivate contextual command. To do so. Using no associativity: the option is off. Select the rectangular pattern in the tree or in the geometry. The constraint is deactivated. 6. There are two work modes: Using associativity with the geometry: the option "Keep link with the pattern" is on. Check the Manual option in the Update frame. indicating they need an update. 84 . the number of instances to be created (for information only) and the name of the component to be repeated.7 Using a Part Design Pattern This task shows you how to repeat a component using a pattern created in Part Design. cut & paste the original component. refer to Customizing Constraint Appearance.6. Repeat step and right-click to select the Activate contextual command to activate the selected constraint. To define the first instance of the component to be duplicated. 6. three options are available: Reuse the original component. Select the Tools -> Options command. Control-click to select the component to be repeated. Click OK to confirm and close the dialog box. The Instantiation on a pattern dialog box is displayed.9 Deactivating or Activating Constraints Deactivating or activating constraints means specifying if these constraints must be taken into account during updates or not. The constraints are in black. then expand the Mechanical Design section to the left to access Assembly Design options.5. The default color is black. Click the Update icon whole assembly.
1 Manipulating Components The Manipulate command lets you move a component freehand with the mouse.1" is displayed below this entity. This element defines the direction of the move or the axis of rotation. y or z-axis. 6. 6. You can translate or rotate components using one of the following options: The first and second horizontal rows are reserved for translations. The third row is reserved for rotations. If you use the option "generated constraints". You can move your component along the x. The fourth column lets you specify the direction of your choice by selecting a geometric element. The new component "xxx on RectPattern. Using this command is a convenient way to translate or rotate components. You can rotate your component around the x. The Manipulation Parameters dialog box appears after selecting command.8. An entity "Assembly features" has been created in the tree. y or z-axis as well as in the xy.8 Moving Components 6. Depending on the selected elements. "Reused Rectangular Pattern. the Reuse Constraints section displays the constraints detected for the component and makes all original constraints available for selection: You can define whether you wish to reproduce one or more original constraints when instantiating the component. yz and xz planes.xx" is displayed in the tree. 85 .8.Click OK to repeat the second component.2 Snapping Components The Snap command projects the geometric element of a component onto another geometric element belonging to the same or to a different component. you will obtain different results.
reference plane or cylinder axis). Line segments visualized represent the intersection of the plane with all products in the selection. also appears. The center of the plane is located at the center of the bounding sphere around the products in the selection you defined. The plane is created parallel to absolute coordinates Y. The section plane is automatically created. The point is projected onto the plane.3 Smart Move The Smart Move command combines the Manipulate and Snap capabilities. Z. showing the generated section. orient the plane with respect to the absolute axis system. move and rotate the section plane. This list displays these constraints in a hierarchical order and can be edited by using both arrows to right of the dialog box. Click the Volume Cut icon in the Sectioning Definition dialog box to obtain a section cut. The Sectioning Definition dialog box contains a wide variety of tools letting you position.8. A Preview window. Both lines become collinear. 86 . Click the Sectioning icon. it creates constraints.9 Sectioning This task you will create section planes. The Quick Constraint frame contains the list of the constraints that can be set. 6.First Element Selected point point point line line plane Last Element Selected point line plane line plane line Result Identical points. You can position section planes with respect to a geometrical target (a face. The plane passes through the line. 3D section cuts cut away the material from the plane. You can view the generated section in a separate viewer. 6. invert the normal vector of the plane. The point is projected onto the line. Optionally. edge. The line is projected onto the plane. The application creates the first possible constraint as specified in the list of constraints having priority.
Click OK to confirm. Hole. Perform the required modifications. click the Reset selected products icon to reposition the components as 87 . 6. click them to reverse the direction. For instance modify: viewpoint. If the arrows point in the wrong direction.10 Assembly Features Prior to creating assembly features. work on the evolution of that assembly directly on the assembly. You are now in a scene window: The background color turns to green. the "active" or "not-active" state of the components.X' in assembly features available in history tree. Arrows in the geometry indicate the portion of parts that will be kept after splitting. Within a scene. Remove. Add. You cannot create assembly features between two geometric elements belonging to the same component. 6. To edit an assembly split. keep in mind the following. Click the Create Scene icon . You can modify the following attributes either in the scene or in the assembly without the modifications being replicated in the other: the viewpoint. Save a copy of an assembly in a separate window. graphical attributes. the "show" or "hide" state of the components. Scenes are identified by name in the specification tree and by a graphical representation in the geometry area. the graphical attributes of the components. Click Ok to end the scene creation. Perform a Symmetry. The active product at least must include two components.11 Creating Scenes Scenes enable you to: work on the evolution of an assembly in a separate window from the actual assembly and to impart updates to the assembly as you see fit.10. which in turn must contain one part at least. You can create assembly features only between the child components of the active product.1 Assembly Split The dialog box that appears when you click Assembly Split. displays the names as well as the paths of the parts that may be affected by the split action. Pocket. Move the parts to the list 'Affected parts". double-click 'Assembly Split.6. The different assembly features you can create are: Split. The Edit Scene dialog box and a scene representation in the document window are displayed. Scene 1 is identified in the specification tree. show-no show.
6. A progress bar is displayed letting you monitor and. Four computation types are available: Between all components. When the assembly is assigned coincidence constraints: axis/axis & plane/plane. Click the Explode icon . Clash: red intersection curves identify clashing products. 88 .they were in the initial product. Between two selections. Results differ depending on the interference type selected for the analysis. This Explode type is applicable only to specific cases.13 Detecting Interferences Checking for interferences is done in two steps: Initial computation: detects and identifies the different types of interference. Contact: yellow triangles identify products in contact. Click Apply to perform the operation. interrupt (Cancel option) the calculation. Click the Exit From Scene icon to swap to the initial window. keep the selection as it is. Clearance: green triangles identify products separated by less than the specified clearance distance. The Check Clash dialog box expands to show the results. Double-click Scene 1 either in the specification tree or in the geometry area to swap to the scene window. Note that color attributes and the show-hide specification are not taken into account when using the Reset selected products icon. Keep it. 6. Wheel Assembly is selected by default. Two interference types are available: Contact + Clash. Selection against all. Detailed computation: computes the graphics representation of interferences as well as the minimum distance. The Depth parameter lets you choose between a total (All levels) or partial (First level) exploded view. if necessary. Inside one selection. Click Apply to check for interferences. The Explode dialog box is displayed. 3D is the default type.12 Exploding a Constrained Assembly This task shows how to explode an assembly taking into account the assembly constraints. Keep All levels set by default. Set the explode type. Clearance + Contact + Clash.
Move components. displaying the following options: Update. command. Click the Mechanical Design category.1 Customizing Assembly Design Settings This task will show you how to customize Assembly Design settings.14. Update and Delete Operation 6. 6. The General tab appears. In the Constraints tab the following options are available: Paste Components. then the Assembly Design subcategory.2 Customizing General Settings Select the Tools -> Options. The General tab appears. Constraint Creation. then the Assembly Design subcategory. Click the Infrastructure category. Select Tools -> Options.14. Click the Mechanical Design category.14 Customizing Assembly Design 6. 89 . Access to geometry. containing three categories of options: External References.6.14...3 Customizing Assembly Constraints Select Tools -> Options. Quick Constraint. then the Part Infrastructure subcategory.
You may also add. All this is performed on a sheet which may include a frame and a title block and will eventually be printed. 7.2 Managing A Sheet The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for managing a sheet.. Select the Drafting workbench..The New Drawing Creation dialog box appears with information on views that can possibly be created. Select the views you want to be automatically created on your drawing from the New Drawing Creation dialog box. a background view: a view dedicated to frames and title blocks. Click OK. Select the 90 . as well as information on the drawing standards. from the menu bar.1 Creating a New Drawing This task will show you how to create more or less automatically a new drawing with pre-defined views generated from a part.Generative Drafting workbench The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create and modify views on a predefined sheet. Click the New icon from the Standard toolbar or select File -> New. modify and/or delete dressup and 2D elements to these views. interactive or generated views. 7. A sheet contains: a main view: a view which supports the geometry directly created in the sheet.7. Select the Start -> Mechanical Design commands. .
7.4 Front View Creation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create views on a predefined sheet. What is the Active View? The active view is the view from which other views will be generated.3 Adding a new sheet You can add new sheets at any time. or the A0 ISO format. and click OK. the sheets newly created will keep the same name. The non-active views are framed in blue. If you click this view. When you create a view. 91 . The new sheet automatically appears. The active view is framed in red. select the ISO standard. 7. and then click OK. the view to be created is framed in green. These new sheets will be assigned the same standard. it becomes the active view and is framed in red. Select the 1:1 scale. Select the orientation type. Even though you then delete sheet1. until you click at the desired view location. From the New Drawing dialog box. Click the New Sheet icon from the Drawing toolbar. This is also the view in which all the modifications will be performed.Drawing workbench. format and orientation as the sheet first created and defined using the New Drawing dialog (default setting).
Click the right or left arrow to visualize the right or left side. is detected. Any modification applied to the specifications. Blue arrows appear. You can perform an update. You can update a selection of views by selecting and right-clicking the view(s) you want to update and choosing Update Selection from the contextual menu. Click the counterclockwise arrow to rotate the reference plane. Note that these dimensions will be re-generated in accordance with the other options checked/unchecked in the Options dialog box. The Update icon is active in the Update toolbar when a sheet (or drawing) contains views that need to be updated (this can be all views in the sheet or some of them only). Right-click the frame of the view.5 2D/3D Associativity On Views: A generative view results from specifications in a 3D document.Start creating the front view. relatively to the front view previously generated. before the generated view(s) is/are updated. Click on sheet to place front view. and double-click the Projection View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). respectively. Click the Front View icon from the Views toolbar. 7. a previewed projection 92 . As you move the cursor. You can update all views in the active sheet by clicking this icon. You can update all views or a selection of views. select the Properties option from the contextual menu. Click the bottom arrow to visualize the bottom side. Click inside the sheet to generate the view. Click the Drawing window. View tab and check the required options in the Properties dialog box. This specification corresponds either to the whole document or to a feature in the document. An update symbol appears in the specification tree for the views that need to be updated.6 Creating a Projection View This task will show you how to create projection views on the sheet. 7. Select object. On Generated Dimensions: Generated dimensions are associative with the 3D part constraints on the condition you checked the Generation dimensions when updating the sheet option from the Options dialog box (Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab).
completely describes the object. 7. at any time. use Undo or Redo icons. and click the Offset Section View icon or the Offset Section Cut icon from the Views toolbar from the Views toolbar (Sections subtoolbar). If you are not satisfied with the profile you create. Click to position the callout. you can. OFFSET SECTION CUT: In this particular case. Click the Auxiliary View icon (Projections subtoolbar). 7. Click to position the auxiliary view.view in a green frame appears on the sheet. Click an edge on the view. Define the projection view position by positioning the cursor at the desired view location. Positioning the auxiliary view callout amounts to defining the auxiliary view direction. This line/callout will be automatically used as the plane. 93 . it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane. Creating an auxiliary view allows showing the true shapes by assuming a direction of sight perpendicular to planes that are perpendicular of the curves. The selected edge becomes a line that you can position where desired using the cursor. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. for example the right view position. Many objects are of such shape that their principal faces cannot always be assumed parallel to the regular planes of projection. together with the top view. The reference plane is automatically positioned according to the selected edge. only cut portion of solid is visible in section view.8 Creating an Offset Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an offset section view/cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. In sectioning through irregular objects. Select the holes and points required for sketching the cutting profile. The section plane appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. This auxiliary view. Click inside the green frame to generate the view.7 Creating an Auxiliary View This task will show you how to create an auxiliary view. Click the Drawing window.
Drag to select the callout radius and click a point to terminate the selection. Click to generate the view. the cutting plane may be bent so as to pass through those features. An aligned section view / cut is a view created from a cutting profile defined from non-parallel planes. and click the Aligned Section Cut . Click the Drawing window. you will select the Clipping 94 . In order to include in a section certain angled elements. Click to generate the detail view. the dialog is exactly the same. Click the Drawing window. you will click the Detail View Profile icon . It shows you how to create from the 3D a detail view using either a circle as callout or a sketched profile. and click the Clipping View icon from the Views toolbar (Clippings subtoolbar).9 Creating an Aligned Section View / Cut This task will show you how to create an aligned section view and/or aligned section cut using a cutting profile as cutting plane. if you create a detail view using a sketched profile.11 Creating a Clipping View and/or a Clipping View Profile A clipping view is a partial view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. we create a detail view using a sketched profile as we create this detail view from an oblong part.10 Creating a Detail View / Detail View Profile A detail view is a partial generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. 7. In this particular case. Here we will see how to create both a clipping view using a circle as callout. Click the Drawing window. If you create a clipping view using a sketched profile. The default scale is 2 (twice the scale of the active view). Click the callout center. Create the points required for sketching a polygon used as profile. 7.7. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. This operation is applied directly onto the active view. The section plane also appears on the 3D part and moves dynamically on the part. Or. and click the Detail View icon from the Views toolbar (Details subtoolbar). You can also use a roughly sketched profile. You can modify this scale. Select the points and circles required for sketching the cutting profile. Double click to end the cutting profile creation. Note that for creating a detail view using a circle. The plane and feature are then imagined to be revolved into the original plane.
Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. Click a first point corresponding to the first extremity of the first profile. it is necessary to place the object so that its principal edges make equal angles with the plane of projection and are therefore foreshortened equally. Click a second point corresponding to the profile second extremity. the left. If needed. as well as blue manipulators appear.12 Creating an Isometric View To produce an isometric projection. Red zones appear. Click the Drawing window. or rotated using a given snapping or according to an edited rotation angle. We will define two profiles corresponding to the part to be broken from the view extremities. Double-click to end the cutting profile creation. Select the center of the circle or select the required points for sketching a polygon. Double-click to end 95 . A breakout view is often a partial section. Click a point for defining the position of the second green profile that appears. 7. Click the Broken View icon from the Views toolbar. 7. A green frame with the preview of the isometric view to be created. the right.14 Creating a Breakout View Here we will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. translate the profile. and click the Isometric View icon from the Views toolbar (Projections subtoolbar). A green dotted profile appears which allows you to position the profile either vertically or horizontally. Here we will see how create a broken view from an active and up to date generative view. Click the Drawing window. and click the Breakout View icon from the Views toolbar (Break View sub toolbar). Click the first point of the breakout profile.13 Creating a Broken View A broken view is a view that allows shortening an elongated object. You can re-define the view to be created position using these manipulators: to the bottom. Click the 3D part. the top. 7. A breakout view is one not in direct projection from the view containing the cutting profile. Click on the sheet.Profile View icon .
Click on the desired 3D part plane to be used as reference plane The views now appear on the CATDrawing document: they are previewed in green frames and can be re-oriented thanks to the blue arrows that appear. Click the Drawing window.15 Creating Views via the Wizard This task will show you how to create views using a wizard.16 Isolating Generated Views This task will show you how isolate either a selection of generated views (one or more). select Selected objects -> isolate.18 Scaling a View 96 . Click next add any other view if required. Left view and Right view). These views are views that are generated automatically once the CATDrawing document is opened. or all views in the drawing. transforming a generated view into an interactive view. Select the CATPart document. Isolating a view amounts to: suppressing associativity between an existing CATPart (or CATProduct) and the corresponding generated view. Bottom view. the Top view. 7. You will then reposition the parent view as well as the still-aligned child views. Select the views you want to isolate (for example.17 Not Aligning a View This task will show you how not to align a right projection view to the parent front view. 7. 7. Select the desired view configuration from the View Wizard. views are by default linked to the parent view. and click the Wizard icon from the Views toolbar (Wizard subtoolbar). 7. At creation. Click the FINISH button from the View Wizard. Select & Drag the left projection view to the required location. click on the sheet to make the views be actually created. Select the View Positioning -> Do Not Align View option from the displayed contextual menu. Once you are satisfied. Right-click the frame of the view not to be aligned. Or Click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. From the contextual menu.the profile creation and automatically close this profile. Use the blue arrows to have the views re-oriented as desired. Click to position the left view. and right-click them.
right-click the detail view. For modifying the detail and section callout. go to Product Structure workbench.This task will show you how to modify the scale of a view. 7. Click the point at which the Bill of Material is to be inserted. The detail view is updated. Double-click the view in which you want to generate the balloons. section views and section cuts. double-click the front view. Select the Generate Balloons icon on the Dimension Generation toolbar. In this particular case. 7. This view is now active. If needed. Right-click the frame of the view to be modified. multi-select these balloons and modify the font size from the Text Properties toolbar. select from the menu bar: Analyze>Bill of Material ->Listing Report. This Bill of Material corresponds to information on the product element which the views were generated from. Before positioning the Bill of Material. Click the Insert Bill of Material icon . 97 . you can pre-define the position. The balloons that were previously created on the CAT Product are automatically generated onto the active view. or parts list.19 Adding a Generative Bill of Material This task will show you how to insert Bill of Material information into the active view. you will go through some kind of a sub-workbench and modify the existing callout geometry. consists of an itemized list of the several parts of a structure shown on a cat drawing or on an assembly. if you are in the background view. To modify the contents of the Bill of Material and display given properties. Click the Product from the specification tree in the CATProduct document. Select the Properties option from the displayed contextual menu. In this case.20 Generating Balloons on a View This task will show you how to generate in the active view balloons corresponding to references defined on the different parts of an assembly. Enter the new Scale value in the Properties dialog box. Balloons generated 7. You can also select and drag a balloon to change its position.21 Modifying a Callout Geometry This task will show you how to modify the geometrical characteristics of a callout used when creating detail views. This Bill of Material. Click OK.
Right-click the pattern to be modified. On views including more dimensions. 7. Click OK in the Properties table to confirm your operation. The generated dimensions will be positioned according to the following criteria: 1. What About the Dimensions that may be Generated from Constrained 3D Elements Constrained 3D Elements Sketcher 3D part Features: Generated Dimension Types All dimensions: angle. Select Pattern table switch and select a new pattern from the Pattern table that appears. 4. distance. The Properties dialog box displays the view current pattern. the section view is automatically updated. The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views that are most representative. Generated dimensions are associative to the elements created from a part or an assembly. Select Properties from the displayed contextual menu. 3.22 Modifying a Pattern This task will show you how to modify the pattern of a view and apply a material to this pattern. diameter Angle. Click the End Profile Edition icon from the Edit/Replace toolbar. Double-click the callout to be modified. radius. distance The dimensions below: 98 . 2.reverse the callout direction or replace the callout. You can recover a material applied to a part on the section view pattern. For example. The Edit/Replace toolbar appears. On the view for which the dimension are generated. On the view with a bigger scale. After the callout arrow is properly positioned. a view on which elements are visualized in non-hidden lines instead of hidden lines. Note that for views that are generated from surfaces. 7.23 Dimension Generation The Generative Drafting workbench provides a simple method for generating dimensions. only sketched constraints are generated. On the view on which the dimension is better visualized. Drag one of the element components to the desired location. You can also customize different hatching types by entering the desired values in the box called Hatching. Then click OK in this Pattern table.
radius and diameter. Click OK to close the dialog box. Only the following constraints can be generated: distance. Constraints may be of three kinds: created manually (i) via the sketcher or (ii) via the 3D part. angle.23. or else (iii) automatically created via internal parameters. length. there is only one) is automatically displayed. 7.1 Generating Dimensions in One Shot distance distance angle Constraints and associated dimensions Radius/Radii Distance Distance Distance All assembly dimensions This task will show you how to generate dimensions in one shot from the constraints of a 3D part. to start the dimension generation. In the case of drawings with several views. Check the Visualization in 3D & Timeout options. Dimensions 99 . The Step-by-step generation dialog box displays and will remain displayed until the end of the dimension generation. Click the Generating Dimensions icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar).Pad Pocket Shaft/Groove Hole Fillet constraint variable Shell Thickness Stiffener Assembly constraints 7. The Generated Dimensions Analysis dialog box showing the dimensions and constraints generated for each part (in this case. Click the Generating dimensions step by step icon from the Generation toolbar (Dimension Generation subtoolbar). by default.2 Generating Dimensions Semi-Automatically This task will show you how to generate dimensions step by step from the constraints of a 3D part. Click the Next Dimension Generation switch button appear one after the other on the views.23. dimensions are generated on all the views.
dimension. Specify the tolerance type by clicking the Tolerance Symbol button and selecting the appropriate symbol. Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be anchored (anchor point). constraint is automatically excluded and the dimension will or. on the contrary. the anchor point will be a small balloon. the anchor point will be an arrow. If you select a dimension or a text. If you select an element. The datum feature is created. The Datum Feature Creation dialog box is displayed with A as default value (incremental value). You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. text or point) or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the geometrical tolerance. You can also copy an existing geometric tolerance. The geometric tolerance will be displayed just below the element you selected. Click the Datum Feature icon from the Dimensioning toolbar.24 Creating a Datum Feature . Move the cursor to position the geometrical tolerance and then click at the chosen location. The geometrical tolerance is created. Enter the desired character string. 7. if needed.Click the Not Generated option . This task will show you how to create a datum feature. Select an element (geometry. If you select a point in the free space. Click the Geometric Tolerance icon from the Dimensioning toolbar. The Geometrical Tolerance dialog box appears.25 Creating a Geometrical Tolerance This task shows you how to create a geometrical tolerance (annotation). no leader will be created. 100 . Select the point at which you want the datum feature to be attached (attachment point). not generated. Note that you can stop at anytime the generation by clicking accelerate the process by clicking 7. Click OK when you're done. Click OK.
size.26. 7. dimension text. balloon and datum target. Text properties can be applied to text. and select Text Properties. drag the frame and/or arrow to a new location. text with leader. Choose View -> Toolbars. You can set the properties of a text either before or after creating it. 101 . A red frame appears. The Text Editor dialog box is displayed.7.26. Enter the text in the Text Editor dialog box or directly on the drawing. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. Click in the free space to define a location for the text. such as font style. Click the point on the element you want the leader to begin (arrow end). Set the properties of a text. The Text Properties toolbar is displayed.1 Setting Text Properties This task explains how to set the properties of a text. Click the Text With Leader icon from the Annotations toolbar. If needed. as well as to text included in datum features and geometrical tolerances.2 Creating a Text With a Leader This task shows you how to create a text with a leader either in the free space or associated with an element. etc.26 Annotations 7. justification.
7. Go over one of the part with your cursor. 102 . Click OK. 7. Create a balloon by selecting an edge. You can enter another string or value as needed. Open any CATProduct document. For example. The Roughness Symbol Editor dialog box is displayed. The Balloon Creation dialog box appears.3 Creating a Balloon This task will show you how to create a balloon.26. the balloon modification will be applied to the generated views only after you perform a view update.7. Click in the free space to validate the roughness symbol creation. with the value 1 is pre-entered in the field. Select an element. Go to Generative Drafting workbench by opening CATDrawing document for same assembly product. modify the roughness symbol position by dragging it to the required location. Select the attachment point of the roughness symbol. The number of the balloon corresponds to the number of the subproduct created in the product which the views were generated from. Enter values in the desired field(s). Click to define the balloon anchor point. Click the Roughness Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar. Product Structure sub products have already been assigned numbers (Generate Numbering icon).6.26. If needed. You can set text properties either before or after you create the roughness symbol. Click OK.5 Creating a Roughness Symbol This task will show you how to create a roughness symbol. Ra=1.26. Note that if you modify the numbering in the product and then regenerate the product.4 Creating Associative Balloons on Generated Product Views This task will show you how to create associative balloons on views generated from a product. On this CATProduct document. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar. Click the Balloon icon from the Annotations toolbar (Text subtoolbar). You can set text properties either before or after you create the text.
26. 7.6 Creating a Welding Symbol This task will show you how to create a welding symbol. The Welding creation dialog box is displayed. The geometry default weld symbol automatically appears on the drawing. The line height corresponds to the height of a string. switch lines and columns. 7. The welding symbol is created.26. rows. In this table. and then click to validate. Click a point in the drawing to choose the table position. The welding symbols available depend on your standard. The welding leader will appear. invert lines. and insert views. The line width corresponds to 5 times a string height. 7. import a table. insert columns. The Welding Editor dialog box is displayed. If needed.7 Creating a Geometry Weld This task will show you how to create a geometry weld.26.27 Editing Properties 103 . If needed. Select the two elements. Click the symbol buttons to choose the welding symbol. Click ok to validate the creation. Type the desired values in the upper and/or lower field(s). The following panel allows you to set the number of columns and rows you want for the table.7. You can also split a table. modify the geometry-welding symbol. modify the type of the geometry-welding symbol by selecting the Change Type option from the Welding Editor dialog box. Click OK. Click OK. Select an element or click in the free space to position the anchor point of the welding symbol. Click the Welding Symbol icon from the Annotations toolbar.8 Creating/Modifying a Table This task shows you how to create and edit a table. Click the Weld icon from the Annotations toolbar. you can add text. merges cells. You can set text properties either before or after you create the text. invert columns. and insert a view in a table. Click the icon to launch the command. Move the cursor to position the welding symbol and then click at the chosen location. complementary symbols and/or finish symbols.
This section discusses how to quickly access and edit information on 2D geometry. Scale and Orientation Angle: the angle between the view and the sheet. Among other things. provided you use the Edit>Properties contextual command. Axis. Fillets. Dress up: Hidden lines. annotations and dimensions in a single dialog box. if needed. Thread. View Name: Allows you to modify the name of the view. Click OK. if needed. Right-click on the front view and select properties. Double-click the text to switch it to edit mode. no more modification allowed in the view. b)Editing 2D Geometry Graphic &Feature Properties This task shows you how to access and. Center line. Lines and Curves option. Lock view: if you check this option. 3D Wireframe. Select the whole text (you can also select only part of the text) and 104 . Select the Edit->Properties command and click the Feature Properties tab. 3D spec. Select a 2D element on the CATDrawing you opened. edit annotation font properties. 3D Colors. Choose your options. Visualization and behavior: Display view frame: show/hide the view frame. edit information on 2D geometry features (name and stamp). you can create a formula for the view name. a)Editing View Properties This task explains how to edit view properties. Pickable option and Layers options are available for changing graphic properties. Click the Graphic Tab. Visual clipping: let’s you reframe a view so as to display only part of it. c)Editing Annotation Font Properties This task explains how to access and. 3D Points. dress-up elements. Scale: the scale of the view. Choose the View tab. You can also right click the 2D element and then select the Properties command from the displayed contextual menu.
Fake Dimension: check this option to display fake dimensions. The Options dialog box appears. click the Font tab. The Display option allows displaying the grid in your session. edit dimension value properties. 105 . Grid: To define your grid. Modify the available options. Change Annotation Font Properties as per requirement. enter the values of your choice in the Primary fields. 7. which actually consists in defining a secondary grid. Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. f)Editing Dimension Value Properties This task explains how to access and. you can choose to display numerical or alphanumerical fake dimensions. or leader). Select a dimension (whatever the type) on the CATDrawing you opened. The Snap to point option needs be checked if the geometry needs to begin or end on the points of the grid. It means you visualize the cursor coordinates as you are drawing. The associated panel is displayed. frame. The Graduations field lets you set the number of graduations between the major lines of the grid. In other words. if needed. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Dimension Texts tab. Modify the available options. d)Editing Dimension Text Properties This task explains how to access and. Ruler: Checking the Show Ruler option displays the ruler in your sheet. Select the Edit-> Properties command and click the Value tab. The Primary spacing option lets you define the spacing between the major lines of the grid.28 Customizing for Generative Drafting a)General Settings This task shows you how to set general settings to be used in the Drafting workbench. This option is used to rotate text elements (text. it defines the snapping value used when rotating an element using the Select or Rotate commands. edit dimension text properties. In the Properties dialog box that appears. Select the Tools->Options command.then select the Edit-> Properties command. Rotation: The Rotation Snap Angle option allows snapping with a given angle for rotating elements. if needed.
following it dynamically during the creation process. when you update the drawing. Move: The Configure switch button allows you to choose either the dimension to be snapped on the grid or/and the dimension value to be located at its default position between symbols (it will work only if the cursor is between the symbols). If you create associativity between the dimension and the geometry. If you click the Associativity on 3D switch button the following dialog box appears: A link can be applied between a dimension and the 3D part. select this option and then click the Types and colors button. you can define the value at which the dimension will remain positioned. you can define whether these axes can be zoomed. In addition. Create driving dimensions: the dimension you will create will drive the geometry. b)Dimension Creation You can customize given options when creating or re-positioning dimensions. c) Geometry and Dimension Generation 106 . Tree: You can display or not parameters and relations in the specification tree. As a result. the dimension is automatically re-computed. you can choose to visualize the view axis. View axis: When you activate a view. Constant offset between dimension line and geometry: the distance between the created dimension and the geometry remains the same when you move the geometry. Default dimension line/geometry distance: if you position the dimension according to the cursor. The Types and colors of dimensions dialog box lets you assign the desired color(s) to the selected dimension types. Dimension Creation: Dimension following the mouse (ctrl toggles): you can decide that the dimension line is positioned according to the cursor. Select the Dimension tab in Options. you can define the value at which the dimension is created.Colors: You can customize given options for modifying the drawing background color. The offset will align the dimensions to each other as well as the smallest dimension to the reference element. Analysis Display Mode: Colors can be customized with the Activate analysis display mode option. To activate this mode. Line-Up: You can organize dimensions into a system with a linear offset.
Horizontality and verticality. Select the Generation tab. Generate fillet. Smart Pick detects multiple directions and positions. 3D colors inheritance. the Create detected constraints option is not available. Properties option. or still adding constraints to this geometry. Parallelism. The dimensions are generated on the views on the condition the settings were previously switched to the dimension generation option. Project 3D points. Dimension generation: The generated dimensions are positioned according to the views most representative. d)Geometry Creation You can customize given options when creating 2D geometry. Filters before generation. Generate dimensions when updating the sheet . Hidden lines. Constraints Visualization: Check the Visualize constraints option to visualize the logical constraints specific to the elements. and more and more relationships with existing elements. Delay between generations for step-by-step mode. Generate dimensions from parts included in assembly views. Project 3D wireframe. then the balloon will be generated twice. a balloon will be generated for each instance of a component: therefore. 107 . either or not using SmartPick. Generate threads. Geometry generation / Dress up: The following geometry is possibly generated (provided you check the desired options using the contextual menu. Constraints creation: You can create or not the geometrical or dimensional constraints detected by the SmartPick tool.You can customize given options for controlling geometry and dimension generation whenever you need to update sheets. perpendicularity and tangency. Allow automatic transfer between views. SmartPick: (switch button) As you create more and more elements. if a component is used two times within a product. Automatic positioning after generation. View tab): Generate axis. Select the Geometry tab. Analysis after generation. The SmartPick category provides these options: Support lines and circles. Geometry: You can decide that you want to create circle and ellipses centers and that you want to be able to drag elements. Generate centerlines. Balloon generation: If you select Creation of a balloon for each instance of a product. end points included. Alignment. Apply 3D specification. If all of the detection options are unchecked.
Colors that represent constraint diagnostics are colors that are imposed to elements whatever the graphical properties previously assigned to these elements and in accordance with given diagnostics. Iso-constrained elements: All the relevant dimensions are satisfied. It is not used for creating solid primitives. Isolated elements: use-edge that no more depends on the 3D. Not-changed elements: Some geometrical elements are over-defined or not consistent. These two types of colors correspond to colors illustrating: Graphical properties-Colors that can be modified. scaling factor or frame to appear. Over-constrained elements: the dimensioning scheme is overconstrained: too many dimensions were applied to the geometry. the following dialog box appears. New sheet: You can define that when creating a new sheet. This is also the case when elements are underconstrained and the system proposes defaults that do not lead to a solution. SmartPick: colors used for SmartPick assistant elements and symbols. Construction elements: A construction element is an element that is internal to. For this before callout creation check this option. As a result. The geometry is fixed and cannot be moved from its geometrical support. the sketch. Background view: You can specify the path to the directory-containing frame and title block. Protected elements: non-modifiable elements. e)View and Sheet Layout You can customize given options when creating views or when adding sheets. and that you want broken and breakout specifications to be reproduced. you can define that you want or not the view name. geometry that depend(s) on the problematic area will not be recalculated. This element is used as positioning reference. f)Annotations 108 .Colors: Two types of colors may be applied to sketched elements. Section/Projection Callout: You can choose the callout elements size not to be dependant on the view scale. and only visualized by. Inconsistent elements: At least one dimension value needs to be changed. Select the Layout tab. If you click the other color of the elements switch button. you want the source sheet to be the first or one sheet from another drawing. Constraint diagnostics. It contains the following sets of options: View creation: When creating a view.
taking into account the option selected in the Activate snapping dialog box Move: Select Activate Snapping to activate snapping. Click General in the list of objects to the left of the Options dialog box (General tab). To deactivate snapping when creating or moving annotations. You can now modify your CATPart choosing not to update the related CATDrawing document. no matter what the view scale is. Snapping will be performed when the Activate Snapping box is checked. 109 . Make sure the specification tree actually appears. 2D Component Creation: Select Create all 2D component instances with the same size if you want all 2D component instances to have the same size when you create them. or both. Select the Annotation tab. 7. Select the Edit->Links command. Press OK. Press OK.You can customize given options when creating annotations. It contains the following sets of options: Annotation Creation: Select the items you want to snap: text and/or leader. according to the orientation. Make sure the Load referenced documents option (default option) is actually checked. Open the CATDrawing document for your CATPART document. This will apply to the annotations selected in the Annotation Creation area. command. For this: Select the Tools -> Options. all the links that exist between the CATPart document and the CATDrawing document will be resolved. Activate the settings. press the shift key. In this particular case.. The Links dialog box appears with the existing links between the CATDrawing and its related CATPart. as you will choose to load the referenced document. Make sure the symbols are not broken which would means that links between the CATPart and the projection views are unresolved. It is now possible to customize the settings. Click the Configure button to specify whether you want the annotation to be snapped on the grid.29 Loading/Saving a CATDrawing This task will show you how to load and save a CATDrawing document from an existing CATPart document..
True Length Dimension 8. Analysis Display Mode: This option allows visualizing the colors assigned to the different types of dimensions.1 Tools Toolbar The Tools toolbar displays both command options and given fields/values that appear in accordance with the command you select. 8. the Tools toolbar may also provide the following options: Projected Dimension. These displayed colors correspond to the colors customized in the Options dialog box. View. click the Types and colors switch button to assign the desired color(s) to the desired dimension types. The Tools toolbar provides the following options: Grid. Snap to Point. Force Dimension on Element. go to Tools -> Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting (Dimension tab). Create Detected Constraints. if needed. Interactive Drafting The basic tasks you will perform in the Interactive Drafting workbench mainly deal with creating and modifying 2D elements and their related attributes on a predefined sheet. Filter Generated Elements Depending on the selected command. Force Horizontal Dimension in Force Vertical Dimension in View.2 Creating Views 110 . To modify these colors.8. Then check Activate analysis display mode and. Create Constraints.
as long as the planes they correspond to are not parallel. Define the front view plane: Activate the view in which you want to change the plane definition. This is true for any kind of view. For example.3 Defining the View Plane This task will show you how to define the plane of a view (a front view. Click the New View icon again and select a projection direction to create more views. Press OK. Right-click the view used as reference. 8. modified in this dialog box.Interactive Drafting elements necessarily need to be positioned in a view. a left view and a right view. Click the Drawing window. The Plane Definition dialog box appears. In this case. you can create: a top view. a view lies on some kind of a 3D plane whose definition can be accessed using the Plane Definition dialog box. From an active front view. annotations and/or dressup elements in this view. For this. The view plane will be defined in accordance with two vectors and an origin point. dimensions. In other words. You can now create 2D geometry in this view. by double-clicking on this view. Click the New View icon . position the cursor so as to create an isometric view. a bottom view. double-click on this isometric view. you cannot have folding lines between a front view and a rear view. Select the desired options from the View Plane Definition dialog box. 8. you will first create a view on a sheet and then add 2D geometry. an isometric view or an auxiliary view). Any created view lies on a 3D plane. Define the isometric view plane: Click the New View icon in order to create an empty view. In other words. Make sure the view in which you want to change the plane definition is active. The view plane can be defined and if needed. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Click the Profile icon and create 111 . Enter the desired options from the dialog box (Isometric). A blue axis displays in a red frame. Select the object ->Show folding Lines option.4 Creating Views Using Folding Lines This task will show you how to add geometry in views using folding lines as an assistant. Click the View Plane Definition icon from the Multi View toolbar. Press OK. Make sure the view in which you are going to create geometry using folding lines is active. The views created are projection views as they are linked to the front view. The front view created & displayed in the specification tree.
using the Action-Object mode. You will first add elements to an existing view. using the Action-Object mode. using the ObjectAction mode. Click the Multiple View Projection icon from the Multi View toolbar Select the Tools -> Multi View -> Multiple View Projection command from the menu bar. 112 . or click in the open space or still another command if you want to terminate this command. In this case. you can right-click the view and suppress these folding line using the option in contextual menu. and then transformed into the receiving view. Selected objects are projected onto a plane or ruled surface defined by the user. if needed. 8.5 Creating a Multiple View Projection This task will show you how to generate geometry in a view by projecting geometry from previously defined views. You will then create an isometric view from scratch. in another view.geometry in the top view using auto detection on folding lines. At any time. select a circle in the top view. Select the object defining the target plane or surface to be used. hyperbola. In this case. Projected geometry retains the same attributes it had in the original multi-view. the object to be projected. Select. Add elements to an existing view. parabola. curve). ellipse. This element can be any mono-parametered elements (line. Select more elements to be projected. select an arc of a circle in the front view. circle.
Create an isometric view from scratch. using the Object-Action mode. Click the Multiple View projection icon from the Multi View toolbar. Make the isometric view active (double-click). All the elements are automatically projected onto the active view. 113 . Multi-select the elements to be projected into the isometric empty view. In this case. select the whole front view. Repeat the steps above (Object-Action) with the various elements to be projected that will allow generating the isometric view. Select the object defining the view to be created.
a mode: measured or constraining mode. The frame can only be rectangular. Click OK. A constraint is defined by: a type: for example. clipping views.8. Drag the manipulators to resize the frame. a configuration. Click on the frame to select it. details views. In the contextual menu. choose Properties. 8. isometric views.7 Constraints A constraint is a geometric or dimension relation between two elements. as you want. In the Visualization and Behavior area. select the Visual Clipping check box.6 Reframing a View In this task. Click the View tab. Select the view and right-click the view frame. The new frame appears as a rectangle in the view. etc. You can reframe any type of view: front views. a distance constraint. You can now define the position and size of your frame on the view. If you want constraints to be created. before inserting constraints make sure the 114 . you will learn how to reframe a view so as to display only part of it.
but not between a mix of these.10 Creating Dimensions In this task. The software proposes you parallelism by default. Click the Constraint with Dialog Box icon from the Geometry Modification toolbar. otherwise right-click and select Perpendicularity in the contextual menu. Two kinds of constraint can be applied geometrical constraints & dimensional constraints. In other words. or between generated elements. Make sure the Show Constraints command option is active (Tools toolbar).9 Creating Constraints Between 2D and Generated Elements This task shows you how to create associative constraints between 2D elements and generated elements. if you modify the geometry afterwards via the geometry itself.8 Creating Geometrical Constraints This task shows you how to set a relationship that forces a limitation between one or more geometrical elements. these relations will be taken into account. If needed. The most logical constraint is automatically offered. A constraint is a kind of relationship that allows specifying the geometry. click in the drawing. If you choose this constraint. On the Dimensioning toolbar. you can only create constraints between similar elements. Click the geometrical constraints command icon and select the line. It is impossible to create constraints between 2D and generated elements via the Constraint Definition dialog box. click the Dimensions icon. When creating dimensions on elements.constraint creation option command is active in the Tools toolbar. 8. you can create constraints either between 2D elements. The Constraint Definition dialog box appears. Select the geometrical elements to be constrained to each others. you can preview the dimensions to be created. 8. A constraint is created between a generated element and a sketched element. Click a first element in the view. Modify the Constraint Definition dialog box. You can delete this constraint: right-click on the created constraint and select delete in the contextual menu. click a second element in the view. you will learn how to create dimensions. In other words. The or in the Tools 115 dimension type is automatically defined according to the selected elements ( . In the Constraint Definition dialog box. 8. Select an edge from the drawing you have opened.
You can multi-select circles before you enter the command to create centerlines for all selected circles. Select a circle.e. you can also access the Properties options. b) Creating Center Lines (Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse with respect to a reference (linear or circular). Click the Center Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. 8. Select any end point and drag to move all the centerline extremities to a new position. To modify a pair of centerlines at one or more end(s) of this/these centerlines. Select the first element you want to take into account for the dimension rerouting. A preview of the re-routed angle dimension is displayed. a contextual menu lets you modify the dimension type and value orientation as well as add funnels. to recalculate dimensions taking into account new geometry elements which are compatible with the re-routed dimension type. Select the reference line. and then the second element. You can notice that the cursor indicates the type of dimension you are selecting. 116 . Click to validate the dimension creation. Select the Re-route Dimension icon from the Dimensioning toolbar (Extension Line Interruptions sub-toolbar). i.11 Re-routing Dimensions This task will show you how to re-route dimensions. The centerline created is associative with the reference line. If you right-click the dimension before creation.toolbar). Red end points appear. Using this contextual menu once the dimension is created. Select the dimension. Centerlines are automatically applied to the circle Click in the drawing to confirm the creation and select the centerlines. 8.12 Dress-Up Elements The Interactive Drafting workbench provides a simple method to create the following view dress up elements on existing 2D elements. click the centerline. a) Creating Center Lines (No Reference) This task will show you how to apply a pair of centerlines to a circle or an ellipse. Click the Center Line with Reference icon from the Dress up toolbar. Select the circle to be applied a pair of centerlines.
dotting or coloring). part-generated elements.c) Creating Threads (No Reference) This task will show you how to create a thread without a reference. and click the Thread with Reference icon Dress up toolbar. The Tap type option activated by default. The axes and centerlines are created. Select an axis line manipulator and drag it along a direction. The axis line is created. generated elements. from the (Tools toolbar). either circular (circle or point) or linear (line). click the down arrow besides the Pattern icon. Select the Thread type option from the Dress . g) Creating an Area Fill An area fill is a closed area on which you then apply graphical dress-up element called patterns (these can be hatching. part-sketched. Select the hole (or circle) to which you want to apply a thread. and click the Axis Line icon from the Dress up toolbar. you will apply a thread to a hole. The thread is created. Select the Reference Thread type option line. Click the Drawing window. You can also multi-select holes before clicking the Thread icon command displays two options in the Tools toolbar. Select a reference f) Creating Axis Lines and Center Lines This task will show you how to create simultaneously axis and centerlines on several circles. Click the Drawing window. The thread is created according to this reference. Select two lines. Click the Drawing window. Click the Drawing window. d) Creating Threads (Reference) This task shows you how to create a thread with a reference. and click the Thread icon up toolbar. select a pattern for your area fill and click OK. In the Graphic Properties toolbar. You can create area fills on the following elements: sketched elements. 117 from the Dress up toolbar. and click the Axis Line and Center Line icon Select two circles. In the Pattern dialog box. Define boundaries for your area fill by creating lines. Activating this (Tools toolbar) is (Tools toolbar). . Thread axis lines are modified symmetrically. The boundaries for your area fill may consist of both sketched and generated elements. e) Creating Axis Lines This task will show you how to create an axis line. In this particular case.
118 . The Area Detection dialog box appears. For the purpose of this exercise.Click the Area Fill icon from the Dress Up toolbar. The software automatically detects the area to fill based on where you clicked and fills this area with the selected pattern. Click another point or select another object to define the arrow extremity (the head). The arrow and the selected object are associative. you can drag it to change the arrow path. A breakpoint is added to the arrow. which represents the fillet edge. To modify the position of the arrow. f) Creating Arrows This task will show you how to create an arrow. click the arrow and use the yellow manipulators to drag it to its new location. The Areas to Fill dialog box disappears. The arrow is created. Click a point or select an object to define the arrow starting point (the tail). you will use an arrow to illustrate the kind of hole you want to apply to a circle. under the line. Select Add a Breakpoint. A contextual menu appears. Click the Automatic option and then click inside the area for which you just defined boundaries. and select Insert->Dress up->Arrow from the menu bar. To add a breakpoint to the arrow. select it and right-click on a yellow manipulator. Click the Drawing window.
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