SPE-D TRAINING SESSION

TITLE: DOL, RDOL, STARDELTA SCHEMES

.

PRESENTED BY:

PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18.06.05

CONCEPTS OF DOL, RDOL & STAR-DELTA STARTER SCHEMES

ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT
DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP

1 OF 1
SHEETS

SPE-D TRAINING SESSION
TITLE: DOL, RDOL, STARDELTA SCHEMES

.

PRESENTED BY:

PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18.06.05

• • • • • • •

Different terminology in schemes DOL basic concept DOL with additional starting/stopping commands DOL with L/R switch DOL with A/M switch RDOL STAR-DELTA

ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT
DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP

2 OF 2
SHEETS

ACB. it can be easily differentiated from the control circuit. The scheme drawing consists of various different equipments like contactors. The contact is a part which is actually responsible for opening or closing of the circuit. ACBs. The supply for control circuit is either tapped from one of the phases and neutral of the feeder directly (or through a control transformer) or from external supplies. Control circuit: The control circuit consists of metering. (Please refer the drawings attached ) • Contacts / Push Buttons: The push buttons are the switches. their auxiliary contacts. The rating of control fuses is selected according to the equipments connected in the control circuit. fuse switch. protection and indication devices with necessary switches and interlocks. which indicates the section in which the family of that specified terminal exists & the number of the device to which the terminal belongs. A specific number denotes each device & its terminals used in the scheme. It includes the coil circuit of contactors. MCCBs. power contactor. shunt trips of MCCBs and all indicating lamp circuits. These devices consist of power contacts & auxiliary contacts. STARDELTA SCHEMES . 2. This is used as a cross-reference for the referring device and vice-versa. RDOL. The contacts are basically of two types ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 3 OF 3 SHEETS . PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18.g.06. MCCB. relays. The following nomenclatures are used while referring to a scheme drawing. The family of a device alongwith its contacts & terminals are drawn in one of the sections of the drawing page & the section where each terminal is used is also written alongside. etc.SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. ACBs. Power circuit: It consists of power equipments for switching and protection of the downstream equipment e. etc. relays. Control fuses are used for protection of control circuit. • Cross-reference: For reading convenience. the drawing page on which scheme is drawn is divided into equal parts. Now the section in which a specified terminal is used also bears a notation alongside. which can close or open the circuit whenever it is pressed. Such that. Power circuit is generally indicated by the use of thick lines in the scheme drawing. CTs.05 Different terminology in schemes: Any scheme consists of two types of circuits as mentioned below: 1.

power contacts & the auxiliary contacts. This implies that these contacts are opened or closed respectively when the coil is de-energised or is in the OFF condition.06. The power contacts act in the power circuit. • NO/NC contacts: The auxiliary contacts are further classified into two parts.SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 4 OF 4 SHEETS .05 viz. • Stay-put Push Button: This type is a special version of push buttons. whereas the auxiliary contacts act in the control circuit. Turning the button in the clockwise direction can open these buttons. As its name suggests these buttons once pressed stay or remain in the same position. namely NO (Normally Open) & NC (Normally Closed). STARDELTA SCHEMES . Another version of this button can be turned to open only by using its own specific key to prevent any unauthorized use of it. RDOL. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18.

Short circuit protective device -SCPD(Switch fuse disconnector) or MCCB 2.SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. 1. Overload relay To start the motor. STARDELTA SCHEMES .06.B. Control circuit for DOL: The coil of contactor gets supply through the interlocks in the control circuit. the SCPD is closed and the start command is given through start P.05 DOL (DIRECT ON LINE) STARTER SCHEME: Power circuit for DOL: The DOL starter power circuit consists of following devices all connected in series. RDOL. The proper operation of DOL starter mainly depends upon the pick-up and drop-off of the contactor. The indications for the starter are given according to the power contactor status (ON/OFF) and the fault indication through the relay. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 5 OF 5 SHEETS . Power contactor 3. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18.

the contactor will not pick up. the LED illuminates on de-energizing of the contactor coil. Hence. This contact is called as a hold-on contact. This is to ensure the continuity of supply even after the start command to the P. NO contact of thermal overload relay is connected in series with the amber LED. power contactor opens thus disconnecting the supply to the motor. Therefore. NC (95.06. Amber colour LED is used for 'AUTO TRIP' indication. the LED illuminates on operation of the relay.14) contact of the SCPD (Q1) is connected in series with the coil of the power contactor to ensure that unless the fuse switch is closed.96) contact of the overload relay (K1) is connected in series of the power contactor coil so that during an overload when the relay operates. STARDELTA SCHEMES . RDOL.12) is also in series with the contactor coil so as to cut-off the supply when the stop button is pressed. NO contact of the power contactor is connected across the momentary start push button. • • The stop push button (S1:11. the red LED illuminates on energizing of the contactor coil. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18. Therefore. • INDICATION CIRCUIT: Red colour LED is used for 'ON' indication. Therefore.05 TYPE 1: BASIC DOL STARTER: The basic DOL starter scheme is as explained below • • NO (13.B.SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. Green colour LED is used for 'OFF' indication. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 6 OF 6 SHEETS . the contact opens cutting off the supply to the contactor coil. a NC contact of power contactor is connected in series with the green LED. NO contact of power contactor is connected in series with the red LED. Therefore. is relieved.

05 TYPE 2: DOL STARTER WITH REMOTE START OPTION: The start P. But many a times a start push button is also required at a remote place like in a control room etc. RDOL. • • Both start commands are connected in parallel connection since on operation of any of the start commands.B. the supply to contactor coils cuts off.B.SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18. The hold on contact for both the push buttons remains the same.06. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 7 OF 7 SHEETS . In order to attain this. The local and remote stop P. Please refer the attached sketch “DOL02”. connected in the circuit earlier was connected in the module itself. contacts are in series with the contactor coil. both local as well as remote stop commands are independent of the start commands. STARDELTA SCHEMES . another detachable start button is provided across the existing local start push button. if any of the stop command is given. Also. the coil should get supply. This ensures that.

RDOL.05 TYPE 3: DOL STARTER WITH LOCAL-REMOTE SELECTOR SWITCH: This case is similar to the previous case.06. • This selector switch is used to select from the options of local start and remote start. This is to ensure that irrespective of the local/remote position of the switch. This ensures that if the user wants the start command to be given only from one location in a particular situation. Please refer the attached sketch “DOL03”. Both remote as well as local stop commands are independent of the selector switch position. except the addition of a LOCAL-REMOTE SELECTOR SWITCH which allows the user to select between local or remote starting only. operator at any location should be able to stop the feeder. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18. two separate hold-on contacts are required for each of the start commands since the two paths are totally separate from each other.SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. the other start command will not operate the feeder. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 8 OF 8 SHEETS . STARDELTA SCHEMES . • • In such case.

There is no separate start command required in such case. STARDELTA SCHEMES . Therefore. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18. RDOL. • Since the start command itself acts as stop command (once start is withdrawn).SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 9 OF 9 SHEETS . • In this case.06. the remote start/stop command is maintained type. the remote start circuit does not need any hold on contact across it to maintain the continuity of the circuit. it is connected in the circuit such that it is independent of the selector switch position.05 TYPE 4: DOL STARTER WITH LOCAL-REMOTE SELECTOR SWITCH AND MAINTAINED REMOTE START OPTION IN ADDITION TO LOCAL START Please refer the attached sketch “DOL04”. This may be also a combined start/stop command.

STARDELTA SCHEMES .SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. This command is generally combined start/stop type and hence. The auto-stop command since combined with start command should not depend on position of any selector switch. In such cases. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 10 OF 10 SHEETS . (Same practice is followed in case of intelligent/electronic relays used. separate auto-stop command is not required. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18.) will be able to start the motor. The contact of the auxiliary relay is then used in the circuit of the power contactor coil. the contact coming in the circuit should be capable to carry the pick-up current of the power contactor coil. This needs special attention since the contact comes from an electronic circuit. etc. the surge coming at the time of switching the coil may harm the circuitry connected to the DCS/PLC contact. only the auto start command (coming from central control room through PLC/DCS. the remote and local start commands can start the motor. • In auto mode. we have to use an auxiliary relay to multiply this command. The localremote selector switch is used further to differentiate between the two starts (local and remote). The auxiliary relay in such cases is known as Interposing relay. Also. • The local and remote stop commands will be independent of the type of start command. RDOL.06. the damage to the • electronic circuit is avoided.05 TYPE 5: DOL STARTER WITH AUTO-MANUAL AND LOCAL-REMOTE SELECTOR SWITCHES: In this case. Thus. a surge suppressor is used across the coil of the power/auxiliary contactor. To avoid any such situation. Please refer the attached sketch “DOL05”. there is a selector switch in addition to a local-remote selector switch to make a choice between auto start command and manual start command. This is an R-C circuit through which the voltage of surge is circulated at the time of switching.) In manual mode. In case the contact is not rated for that much current.

SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. • Indication circuit: One more Red LED is required to indicate the ‘Reverse ON’ mode. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18. The shorting of two different phases is avoided through this arrangement. One NO contact of the reverse contactor is connected in series with it. • Power circuit: There is one more power contactor connected across the power contactor in the power circuit with two of the phases interchanged to achieve reversal of rotation. The two contactors are mechanically interlocked to ensure that both of them do not operate simultaneously. STARDELTA SCHEMES . The stop command is common for both modes since it is independent of type of operation. • Control circuit: The control circuit obviously consists of two start push buttons. The NC contact of forward contactor is connected in series with reverse contactor coil and that of reverse contactor is connected in series with forward contactor coil.06. Please refer the attached sketch “RDOL06”. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 11 OF 11 SHEETS . one for ‘FORWARD START’ and another for ‘REVERSE START’. Each of them controls the supply to the respective contactor coils responsible for the supply to the motor in forward and reverse modes. which ensures that only one contactor will pick up at a time avoiding any mal-operation and consequent damage to the feeder and problems to the dependant processes. This is the electrical interlock. RDOL.05 TYPE 6: REVERSIBLE DOL (RDOL) STARTER This kind of starter is required when the motor is required to run in both forward as well as reverse directions according to the application.

K2 (53. After the set time of STAR operation.22) & D1 (25.24 gets closed & the coil of the ETR550 timer gets excited through K3(21. It has 2 contacts i. its STAR contact operates & 15. Now even if the start PB is released the K2 coil continues to get excited through K2 (43. K4 (21. So contactor K4 drops off opening the star point of the motor. When the push button S2 is pressed the contacts 23. Now the coil of K3 gets excited through K2 (43.22).44).14) & the power as well as Auxiliary contacts of K2 change their positions.e.06. Following are some features of a star-delta starter: ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 12 OF 12 SHEETS . PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18. Now when the stop PB is pressed all the coils get de-energised and the motor stops running. This period is called as transition period & generally 60 to 80mS is sufficient time.44) & K2 (53. Meanwhile the coil of K3 continues to be excited through its hold on contacts K3 (13.54). This is to ensure that contactor has fully opened. the starter starts the motor in star-connection so as to reduce starting current taken by the motor. When ETR550 energises. ETR550 is a STAR-DELTA timer.54).SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL.14) & the coil of K2 through the above mentioned path & the motor continues to run in the delta connection.28) & its contacts changes its position. It is recommended that after the STAR contactor drops off there should be some time delay before the DELTA contactor picks up. STAR contact of timer ETR550 deenergises.05 STAR-DELTA (REDUCED VOLTAGE) STARTER In star-delta starter. As a result the coil of contactor K4 gets excited & the power contacts as well as Auxiliary contacts (NO & NC) change their positions respectively. Please refer the attached sketch “STDL01”. Now coil of contactor K2 gets excited through K4 (13. As a result the coil of the ETR550 relay loses its excitation & gets isolated from the circuit. STARDELTA SCHEMES . STAR contact & DELTA contact. 18 get shorted. DELTA contact of ETR550 picks up after this time delay. RDOL. After the motor picks up sufficient speed. the starter changes the connection of motor from star to delta to give higher torque.

After this. One is immediate changeover contact and another is delayed changeover contact. which are operated on giving supply to the timer coil. The star contactor is closed before main contactor to avoid arcing at the contacts while shorting the other end of motor windings. The immediate changeover contact is connected in series with the star contactor coil. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18. • The timer is used to control the time duration for which the motor runs in star mode and then automatic changeover to delta. STARDELTA SCHEMES . The delayed contact closes after the instantaneous contact has opened. The delta contactor therefore closes after the star contactor drops down. Therefore star contactor also drops down.06. the instantaneous contact of the timer drops down. • After set time delay in the timer according to load characteristics. RDOL. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 13 OF 13 SHEETS . the main contactor also picks up immediately. There are two types of contacts. One contactor connects one end of motor windings to the busbar (known as main contactor). while the delayed changeover contact is connected in series with the delta contactor coil. • Since instantaneous contact of the timer is connected in series with the star contactor coil.SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. the contactor picks up as soon as start command is given. This is again ensured by putting NC contact of the star contactor in series with the delta contactor coil. Other two contactors decide the star/delta connection of the motor.05 • A special timer is used along with three power contactors. The timer coil gets supply as soon as the start command is given.

only the resistance is added in series with the windings. The disadvantage of this type of starter is that if the timing between star-delta transition is not selected appropriately then the delta phase becomes equivalent to DOL starter. STARDELTA SCHEMES . Thus. Closed transition: The circuit of the motor remains closed in this case during the star to delta transition.06. Time for which the motor windings are connected in star.SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. The motor while changing over from star to delta draws a large current. the windings of motor are actually connected in star during the transition time. The advantage of using this starter is that the motor keeps on getting supply even during the transition time. RDOL.05 • Thus. Open transition: The circuit of the motor remains open in this case during the star to delta transition. This type of starter is very rarely used since most of the motors/loads are suitable for open transition type of starter. The second time delay is selectable between 60ms or 120ms. The advantage of using this starter is its simplicity and lesser space requirement. The first time delay can be set in the timer according to the load characteristics. the time delay in the timer consists of two parts: 1. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18. A resistance of suitable rating is inserted at the other end of the windings. there are two types of star-delta starters: 1. Depending on the circuit condition during transition from star to delta. The range generally available with timer is upto 30s or upto 60s. This is the time required by the motor to reach 85%-90% of the full load speed. The time required for transition from star to delta connection. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 14 OF 14 SHEETS . The disadvantage of this type of starter is larger space requirement since it requires an additional contactor for connection of resistance and the space required for the resistors itself. 2. The sketch “STDL01” shows open transition type of starter. 2.

ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 15 OF 15 SHEETS . Control circuit can be tested selectively. In this position. 4. 1. Hence no power supply is available to module. In this position SERVICE SICs gets disengaged. However TEST & SERVICE + TEST SICs are mounted only in front column. RDOL.e. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18. one can get access to components on rear and incoming contacts without removing the module.06. In this position. The stab-in contacts get connected to the droppers and the power contacts get connected to the outgoing power terminals in this position.MAINTENANCE: In this position. racking screw & sliding telescopic rails. 2.HINGED OUT: In this position. 5. STAB-IN as well as O/G contact gets disengaged. 3. SERVICE. However TEST & SERVICE +TEST SICs remain engaged. TEST & SERVICE + TEST). Power supply to the feeder is given through the STABIN contact mounted on the dropper & power supply to customer is given through the D/O O/G power contact. There are three types of SICs (i.TEST: After opening the door module is racked out to bring it to TEST position. In this position SERVICE SICs & SERVICE +TEST SICs remain engaged. This type of feeder can be racked in or racked put with the help of racking handle.SERVICE: The module has stab-in type of contacts and power contacts on its rear side (behind the base plate). However TEST SICs remain disengaged. both power and control SICs get disengaged.05 CONCEPT OF DRAWOUT FEEDER: The starter circuitry is generally accommodated in draw out type of feeder in a MCC panel. Control supply from external side as well as interlock/feedeback from/to outside is given through SICs (Secondary Isolating Contacts). one can get access to all components. Fully draw-out module has 3 distint functional positions additonal 2 positions for maintenance purpose. STARDELTA SCHEMES .SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL.ISOLATED: In this position. SERVICE SICs can be mounted in front as well as rear column.

The Test-SICs however are still in contact and the module can get the control supply through the same. The test facility is provided in the test position of a draw-out module since in test position. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18. Wherever the customer wants some interlocks to be followed even in test position. which will give supply to contactor coil only in test position. This ensures the interlocks work in both the positions. Service + Test SICs are to be used.06. A test push button is given in place of all the commands. RDOL. STARDELTA SCHEMES . ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 16 OF 16 SHEETS .SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. the power contacts of the module are disengaged.05 TEST FACILITY IN A STARTER: Sometimes the customer asks for a facility to check whether the feeder is working OK or not. Please refer to the attached sketch ”DOLTEST” for details of the circuit.

6. It may be coming from inside the feeder or from the switchboard or any external supply. This makes the cable termination at site easier. SIC arrangement: The SICs have specific position in a draw-out module.05 CRITICAL THINGS TO BE TAKEN CARE WHILE MAKING A STARTER SCHEME: Following things need special attention while making a scheme drawing for any starter feeder: 1. The operation of the feeder in star and delta modes should be analysed. While making scheme. from which the supply is tapped. 5. The rating of the fuses/MCBs is to be selected according to the equipments connected in the circuit. Draw-Out / Fixed feeders: The starter feeders can be offered in draw-out as well as fixed type. 4.06. Control circuit protection: The fuses or MCBs given for the control circuit protection should be appropriately selected. The type of draw-out and fixed feeder affects the type of control terminals and power terminals. 2. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP 17 OF 17 SHEETS . STARDELTA SCHEMES . PLC. The representation of the two types of terminals is different in a scheme diagram.SPE-D TRAINING SESSION TITLE: DOL. Also it should be kept in mind that Test SICs and Service + Test SICs can only come in the front column of the module. Therefore whenever control terminals are numbered for external commands. etc. the scheme should be re-checked for logic. Star-Delta scheme logic: If any interlocks are there in a star-delta starter feeder. The auxiliary bus. According to the application. RDOL. Control cabling: The control cables for commands coming from customer side (remote. Therefore the arrangement of the SICs should be checked in a scheme. attempt should be made to keep the numbers of these terminals serially. Control Supply: Control supply coming to the control circuit of the feeder should be shown appropriately. the type of feeder should be kept in mind. the type of SIC is to be selected. PRESENTED BY: PSW/SPE-D/TVP Date: -18. should be named correctly in accordance with the general arrangement drawing.) are generally multi-core cables. DCS. 3. The number of SICs that can be accommodated also should be checked with respect to the feeder size.

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