Symbols and Tables

q n p ∆p Q v L D d D i Dh A a t m F M P As E I S v ηv ηm ηt λ Vac Vx P1 P2 P0

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

Displacement : cm3 Revolutions : min-1 Pressure : bar Pressure drop : bar Oil capacity : l/min = dm3/min Speed : m/s Length : m Piston diameter : mm Piston rod diameter : mm Bore of pipe : mm Hydraulic diameter : mm Area : cm2 Ring area : cm2 Time : s. Volume : kg Force : daN Torque : Nm Power : kW Break load : daN Elasticity module : kp/cm2 Free column length : m Safety factor Kinematic viscosity : mm2/s Volumetric efficiency Mechanical efficiency Total efficiency Resistance figure Accumulator size Required oil capacity available in accumulator Lowest oil pressure Highest oil pressure Pre-charge

Motor: Oil consumption [l/min] Output torque Output power Speed Cylinder: Compressive force Tensile force Speed out F = F = v = p × A × ηm p × a × ηm Q × ηv 6×A Q × ηv 6×a A×v×6 2v a×v×6 2v P × (A- a) × ηm [daN] [daN] [m/s] Q= M = N = n = q×n 1000 × ηv q × ∆p × ηm 62,8 Q × ∆p × ηt 600 Q × ηv × 1000 q [Nm] [kW] [min-1]

Speed in

v =

[kW] [l/min] [l/min] [daN]

Oil consumption out Q = Oil consumption in Compressive force with differential cut-in Tube: Flow speed v = Q = F =

Ratio factors: Power Torque Pressure

1 kw 1Hp 1 kpm 1 Nm 1 kp/cm2

1 psi Volume 1 bar 1 US, gallon 1 Eng. gallon 1 in3 1 liter 1 in2 1 foot2 1 km/h 1 foot/s 1 mile/h 1 foot/s2 1 in 1 foot 1 yd Nan = Q×p 600 × ηt

Area Speed Acceleration Length Pump:

= 1,36Hp = 75 kpm/s = 0,736 kw = 9,81 Nm = 7,233 lbf ft = 0,102 kpm = 98.000 Pa = 0,981 bar = 9,81 N/cm2 = 14,22 psi = 0,06895 bar = 0,0703 kp/cm2 = 1,0194 kp/cm2 = 3,785 liter = 4,546 liter = 16,38 cm3 = 1,0 dm3 = 645,2 mm2 = 92900 mm2 = 0,2778 m/s = 0,3048 m/s = 0,447 m/s = 0,3048 m/s2 = 25,4 mm = 0,3048 m = 0,9144 m [kW]

Q × 100 6 × D2 × 0,785 ∆p =

[m/s]

Pressure loads in straight pipe leads

λ × L × 0,89 × v2 × 5 Di

[bar]

Resistance number:

λ

=

64 0,316 λ turb. = Re 4√ Re v × Dh × 1000 v

Reynolds number Accumulator size:

Re

=

Vx × With slow charging and slow discharging Vac =

P1

P0 P1 1P2 P1 P0 1 1,5

Vx × With quick charging and quick discharging Vac = 1P1 P2

Power consumption

Supplied oil capacity Q

=

q × n × ηv [l/min] 1000 q×p 62,8 × ηm With slow charging and quick discharging Vac = [Nm]

Vx × Input torque M =

P2 P0 1 P2 1,5 -1 P1

HZ.00.A2.02

35

Thermometer Corssing lines Flow meter Venting Pressure source Pressure connection w. plug Electromotor With line connection Combustion engine Coupling Quick koupling w.A2.00.02 . open Reservoir. pressurized Drain line Electric line Enclosure for several components in one unit Flexible line Line connections Manometer.ISO/CETOP Symbols Work line Pilot line Reservoir. check valve 1 Flow direction Constant Accumulator 2 Flow directions Displacement pump Filter 1 Flow direction Cooler Constant Variable Variable 2 Flow directions Heater Displacement motor 36 HZ.

lever. fixed Direction of rotation Restrictor. variable Variable setting Cylinders Restrictor. not spring loaded Spring loaded Pilot controlled check valve Hydrostatic transmission Pilot controlled opening Pilot controlled closing Shaft.00. depending on viscosity Restriction. rod.02 37 .ISO/CETOP Symbols Constant Variable Differential cylinder Cylinder with cushion Combined pump-motors Check valve. not viscosity influenced Simplified Flow direction Restrictor. piston Spring Example Throttling.A2. not viscosity influenced Single acting Throttle-check valve Double acting 3-way by-pass flow regulator Flow divider HZ.

hydraulik-operated PVEO PVEM PVEH Solenoid Mechanical Roller Mekanical lock Direct pressure Spring return Pressure rise Pneumatic. hydraulic-operated 38 HZ.way with transient intermittend pos.way Without fixed position 2 .extreme position and between (OSP) 2/2 .valve 4/3 .00.A2. mechanical feed back Three .02 .ISO/CETOP Symbols Directional valves Basic symbol: Two .valve Direkt pressure Hand operated Lever Roller Hydraulic operated Pneumatic operated Examples Solenoid Motor operated Solenoid.valve 3/2 .extreme position 2 .way Two .

fixed setting Pressure limiting valve.A2. Work lines Normally closed P.S.T.Z. external drain line Internal drain Pressure reduction line Pilot controlled opening valve Pilot controlled closing valve Pressure switch HZ. variable Pilot operated. Pilot line L.ISO/CETOP Symbols A. Return /Tank X.B. Drain line Normally open Pressure limiting valve. Pump connection (pressure) R.02 39 .Y .00.

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