Refineries In India

Installed Capacity and Refinery Crude Throughput .

Existing Petroleum Product. LPG & Crude Pipelines in the Country .

Brief Details of Few Refineries .

8 lakh tonnes of Petrol. 3868 crores (including Marketing and pipelines installation) with an installed capacity of processing 12 million tonnes per annum of crude oil. Bitumen etc For environment protection & conservation. the refinery has also commenced production of ultra low sulphur diesel and 1 % benzene petrol (Benzene is a natural constituent of crude oil. 3 lakh tonnes of jet fuel. Benzene causes cancer and other illnesses) . 6 lakh tonnes of kerosene & 24 lakh tonnes of Diesel apart from other products such as Naphtha.Panipat Refinery Built at the cost of Rs. The Refinery produces annually about 2 lakh tonnes of cooking gas (LPG).

0 Million Metric Ton Per Annum): Crude oil distillation / fractionation for further processing in secondary units HGU (Hydrogen Generation Unit) : (0. Petrol.5 Million Metric Ton Per Annum): For improving octane number of petrol component.The various units of the refinery are : AVU (Atmospheric & Vacuum Distillation Unit) : (6. RFCCU (Residue Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit) : (0. Diesel components .038 Million Metric Ton Per Annum): Hydrogen generation for processes requiring hydrogen CCRU (Continuous Catalytic Reforming Unit) : (0. This process eliminates requirement of environmentally hazardous TEL (Tetra Ethyl Lead) blending in petrol.7 Million Metric Ton Per Annum): Catalytic cracking of heavy intermediate stocks for production of lighter products viz. LPG.

Mathura Refinery It was commissioned in the year 1982. public health and also to preserve the national monuments in and around the city of Mathura . particularly Taj Mahal at Agra .253. which cost Rs. imported crude with low sulphur from Nigeria. Mathura Refinery has taken a number of initiatives to save the environment. At present it has the capacity of processing 8.92 crores to build.0 MMTPA of crude oil The refinery. and crude with high sulphur from Middle East Countries are processed at this refinery. The crude oil with low sulphur from Bombay High.

III norms . NCR and Agra region. The Refinery enjoys the distinction of being the first refinery in India capable of producing 100% auto fuels that meets Euro .Mathura refinery has been producing highly eco-friendly petrol and diesel for the NCT.

MS quality up gradation. Bitumen Unit. new Sulphur Recovery unit (SRU). Diesel Hydrotreating (DHDT) unit Mathura Refinery is having its own captive power plant. Once Through Hydro-cracker unit (OHCU).The process units at Mathura Refinery Atmospheric & Vacuum unit . Diesel hydro de-sulphurisation Unit. Sulphur Recovery unit and Fluidized Catalytic cracking Unit. Vis-breaker Unit. Catalytic Reforming Unit (CRU). (DHDS). .

Jamnagar Refinery . The petrochemicals plants produces plastics and fibre intermediates. It comprises of a petroleum refinery and associated petrochemical plants. Created in a record time of less than three years. The refinery is equipped to refine various types of crude oil (sour crude. sweet crude or a mixture of both) and manufactures various grades of fuel from motor gasoline to Aviation Turbine Fuel (ATF). . Of Reliance Gujarat.

The Jamnagar Manufacturing Division has a 33 .5%).from very light to very heavy (from 18 to 45 degree API) and from sweet to very sour (with sulphur content from 0 to 4.000 million (Rs 27.000 crore) The refinery is able to process a wide variety of crudes.million tonnes per annum refinery that is fully integrated with downstream petrochemicals units which manufacture naphtha-based aromatics as well as propylene-based polymers. RPL commenced its crude processing on 25 December 2008. The refinery project is being implemented at a capital cost of Rs 270. .

crude oil. the largest grass-roots refinery complex in the world . to obtain various finished products deploying the following major refining processes: Crude oil distillation (Atmospheric as well as vacuum distillation) Catalytic cracking (Fluidised Catalytic Cracker) Catalytic reforming Delayed Coking Hydrodesulphurisation : Catalytic Reforming Unit : Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit : Sulphur Recovery : Hydrogen Generation : Merox Treating All process units in the Jamnagar Manufacturing Division. which together process the basic feedstock.The existing refinery complex at Jamnagar has more than 50 process units.

Special features of the refinery complex : Reliance refinery configuration is characterized by its superior product slate as compared to that of the other refineries. Two important features in this regard are: High proportion of high-value products such as propylene and LPG (adding to over 10% on crude processed as compared to 2-3% for most other refineries) Nil production of low-value "black oils" .fuel oil (compared to 1220% on crude processed for most other refineries) under normal circumstances .

2011) Reliance Industry Ltd’s (RIL) refinery at Jamnagar has been ranked the best by Shell Benchmarking magazine for the third consecutive year in ‘energy and loss’ performance from among 50 refineries worldwide) The integrated petrochemical and refinery complex at Jamnagar accounts for 24 per cent of India’s refining capacity and is the world’s largest grassroot refinery and the fifth largest at any single location .(Business Standard sept.

2005.2004. Crude oil 2007Processed 08 (TMT) Imported 8180 Indigenous 4563 Total 12743 2006.2002.2003.200107 06 05 04 03 02 7851 11584 5093 4175 5653 4045 12026 17237 9138 4543 4214 8757 3230 5481 8711 3587 5183 8770 .Bharat Petroleum’s Mumbai Refinery (BPMR’s) Processes about 12 Million Metric Tons of crude oil per annum.

Production ('000MT) Light Distillates Naptha 1292 1096 LPG 448 425 Motor Spirit 1178 1086 Special Boiling Point 26 37 Spirit /Hexane Benzene 49 63 Toluene 11 14 Polypropylene Feedstock 63 46 Others 0.5 3 Sub Total 3068 2770 1957 1125 1106 1072 739 359 367 377 1632 929 859 883 44 24 30 31 1085 353 856 35 56 17 4 21 2427 61 44 43 70 43 10 13 20 38 48 16 7 3 0 24 25 4517 2539 2458 2485 .

Middle Distillates Aviation Turbine Fuel 701 486 536 329 336 762 298 807 279 811 2938 112 94 Superior Kerosene Oil 877 1095 1551 772 High Speed Diesel Light Diesel Oil Mineral Turpentine Oil 4542 4027 5785 2828 2746 2824 98 82 128 79 165 128 164 85 132 92 199 105 Lube oil base stock Sub Total 154 105 0 0 0 0 0 4234 6454 5920 8165 4178 4068 4233 .

Heavy Ends Furnace Oil 1519 1835 2209 1041 990 608 649 Low Sulphur Heavy Stock 323 342 706 518 455 522 601 Bitumen Sulphur Others Sub Total Grand Total 56 461 3 318 50 0 439 48 0 307 15 0 278 10 0 361 12 0 354 14 0 2362 2545 3402 1881 1733 1503 1618 11884 11235 16084 8598 8259 8221 8279 .

The list of various process plants in Mumbai Refinery Crude Distillation Unit Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit Hydro-Cracker Unit Lubricating Oil Base Stock Naphtha Hydro-Desulphurisation Unit Catalytic Reforming Unit Aromatic Extraction Unit Diesel Hydrodesulphurisation (DHDS) Unit Sulphur Recovery Unit ( Treating Units .

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