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from 1 May
Rules of Hockey including explanations
Effective from 1 May 2009
Copyright © FIH 2009 The International Hockey Federation Rue du Valentin 61 CH – 1004 Lausanne Switzerland Tel. : + 41 21 641 0606 Fax : + 41 21 641 0607 E-mail : email@example.com Internet : www.worldhockey.org
Cover : 2008 WorldHockey Players of the Year : Maartje Paumen (top left), Eddie Ockenden (top right) Pol Amat (bottom left), Luciana Aymar (bottom right) Photo : FIH / Gordon Morrison 1
Implementation and Authority The Rules of Hockey apply to all hockey players and ofﬁcials. National Associations have discretion to decide the date of implementation at national level. The Rules are issued by the Hockey Rules Board under the authority of the International Hockey Federation.Responsibility and Liability Participants in hockey must be aware of the Rules of Hockey and of other information in this publication. They are expected to perform according to the Rules. Emphasis is placed on safety. Copyright is held by the International Hockey Federation. Umpires exercise an important role controlling the game and ensuring fair play. Everyone involved in the game must act with consideration for the safety of others. 2 . Availability of the Rules Information about the availability of the Rules on the FIH website and about the purchase of Rules books is included at the end of this publication. Any veriﬁcation of facilities or equipment conducted before a match is limited to ensuring an overall appearance of compliance and sporting requirements. The date of implementation for international competition is 1 May 2009. Players must ensure that their equipment does not constitute a danger to themselves or to others by virtue of its quality. The International Hockey Federation (FIH) does not accept responsibility for any defects or non-compliance of facilities and is not liable for any consequences resulting from their use. Relevant national legislation must be observed. materials or design.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10 11 14 15 17 18 19 20 20 25 26 28 29 37 UMPIRING 1 2 3 4 Objectives ........ 3 Ball ................................ 39 40 42 45 FIELD AND EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS 1 Field and ﬁeld equipment ............ 4 8 PLAYING THE GAME 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Field of play .... Conduct of play : goalkeepers and players with goalkeeping privileges .......... Procedures for taking penalties .............. Umpiring signals .................................................................. Penalties ................. Personal penalties ................................................................ Method of scoring ........................................... Captains . Umpiring skills ........ Terminology ....................................................................................... 4 Goalkeeper’s equipment...... Conduct of play : players ................................. Start and re-start the match ......................................................................................................... Players’ clothing and equipment ................................................................ 2 Stick ..................................................CONTENTS Introduction ............................. Match and result ......................................................................................................................................................... Ball outside the ﬁeld ................................................................... Composition of teams ....................................................................... Conduct of play : umpires ................................... 3 48 55 60 60 61 .............................................................................................. Applying the rules ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Additional Information Available......................................................................................
worldhockey.INTRODUCTION THE RULES CYCLE The move in the last edition of the Rules of Hockey to a two-year cycle for the production and publication of the Rules of the game was widely welcomed. National Associations have discretion to decide the date of implementation at national level. A starting date is speciﬁed but not an end date.org. The Rules in this new publication become effective from 1 May 2009 at international level. Additionally. The player taking the free hit may use a “selfpass”. Full details are provided in Rules 13. attacking free hits taken inside the 23 metres area have been reviewed in general and in relation to the “self-pass”.2 now speciﬁes that the ball must not be played directly into the circle. In fact. With this in mind. However.2. 4 . this period was extended by continuing with the last set of Rules into the ﬁrst part of 2009. Rule 13. the Rule specifying how a free hit is taken has been reviewed.1 and 13. RULES CHANGES One of the objectives of the FIH and therefore of the Hockey Rules Board is to decrease the number and duration of interruptions to the ﬂow of play and to increase the length of time the ball is in active play. We will avoid implementing changes to these Rules before 2011 and perhaps beyond. indiscriminately and therefore potentially dangerously into the circle. The Hockey Rules Board is concerned that the ball is often played hard. in exceptional circumstances the International Hockey Federation (FIH) retains the right to make changes which will be notiﬁed to National Associations and published on the FIH website : www. It indicated that the Rules would remain stable for the period concerned.
arms or body . RULES CLARIFICATIONS Questions of interpretation and explanation of Rules arise from time to time. In particular. a ﬁeld player with goalkeeping privileges or only with ﬁeld players including the actions permitted for each of these players . the circumstances in which a goalkeeper or ﬁeld player with goalkeeping privileges can move the ball away using their hands. However. This means there appear to be quite a lot of changes but one of the reasons we mark them all is so that it is easier for people translating the Rules into another language to be sure they make all the necessary changes. They are mandatory because they must be played throughout hockey . the following have been clariﬁed : • • how to deal with a team which has too many players on the ﬁeld . this aim depends more generally on how the Rules as a whole are interpreted and applied. they are experimental to show that they will be reviewed after experience before deciding if they become permanent Rules. APPLYING THE RULES The introduction of the self-pass from a free hit enables the game to ﬂow more freely.These two Rules are referred to as Mandatory Experimental Rules. In this edition of the Rules small changes have therefore been made to wording and some additional notes have been added. playing with a goalkeeper. • • A line appears in the margin of any text which has been changed even if it is only a very minor change. the ways in which a penalty corner is completed are all consolidated within the penalty corner Rule. 5 .
Players are encouraged to play to the Rules in the spirit of the game . 6 . reviewing match and tournament reports. if appropriate. collecting data and seeking comments from players. RULES DEVELOPMENT The Hockey Rules Board will continue to review the Rules and thereby make the game even more enjoyable to play. ofﬁciate in and watch. The FIH will build on these characteristics through its events and development activities and through the review as necessary of the Rules. assessing video. coaches. We therefore welcome suggestions for Rules developments or for clariﬁcation of current Rules especially from National Hockey Associations. we aim to maintain the enjoyment of playing the game for a wide variety of participants. media and spectators. It will do this in various ways including conducting trials from time to time. It has unique and attractive characteristics. Skilful play must be protected but this should be done in the overall spirit of the game and with regard to the balance of fair play. Hockey has a proud tradition and an exciting future. unnecessary interruptions to the ﬂow should be avoided. Rules suggestions or questions can be sent by email to firstname.lastname@example.org or to the FIH postal address. The National Associations are an important source of advice and guidance but. ofﬁcials. This theme is developed in the Umpiring section of these Rules and includes guidance that : • • • it is not necessary to penalise an offence if no beneﬁt is gained by the offender . In this way. the ﬂow of play should be anticipated and facilitated . umpires are encouraged to apply the Rules in the same spirit.
MEMBERSHIP OF THE HOCKEY RULES BOARD AS AT 1 MARCH 2009 : Chairman : Secretary : David Collier Roger Webb Members : Richard Aggiss Jorge Alcover Eric Donegani Margaret Hunnaball Alain Renaud Pargat Singh Richard Akpokavie Petsuda Chianthianthong Peter Elders Michael Krause Peter von Reth 7 .
Defence (Defender) The team (player) which (who) is trying to prevent a goal being scored. Back-line The shorter (55 metres) perimeter line. Side-line The longer (91. 8 . this player wears a different colour shirt to their other team members as identiﬁcation. Team A team consists of a maximum of sixteen persons composed of a maximum of eleven players on the ﬁeld and up to ﬁve substitutes. Attack (Attacker) The team (player) which (who) is trying to score a goal. leg guards and kickers and who is also permitted to wear goalkeeping hand protectors and other protective equipment. Field Player with Goalkeeping Privileges One of the participants on the ﬁeld who does not wear full protective equipment but who has goalkeeping privileges .TERMINOLOGY Player One of the participants in a team.40 metres) perimeter line. Field Player One of the participants on the ﬁeld other than the goalkeeper. Goalkeeper One of the participants of each team on the ﬁeld who wears full protective equipment comprising at least headgear. Circle The area enclosed by and including the two quarter circles and the lines joining them at each end of the ﬁeld opposite the centre of the back-lines. Goal-line The back-line between the goal-posts.
23 metres area The area enclosed by and including the line across the ﬁeld 22. both the ball and the head of the stick are in contact with the ground. Forehand Playing a ball which is to the right of the player in a forwards direction. Hit Striking the ball using a swinging movement of the stick towards the ball. and the back-line. 9 . Flick Pushing the ball so that it is raised off the ground. Scoop Raising the ball off the ground by placing the head of the stick under the ball and using a lifting movement. Offence An action contrary to the Rules which may be penalised by an umpire. deﬂecting or moving the ball with the stick. Playing the ball : ﬁeld player Stopping. Tackle An action to stop an opponent retaining possession of the ball.90 metres from each back-line. When a push is made. the relevant part of the side-lines. The ball may miss the goal but the action is still a “ shot at goal ” if the player’s intention is to score with a shot directed towards the goal. Push Moving the ball along the ground using a pushing movement of the stick after the stick has been placed close to the ball. Playing distance The distance within which a player is capable of reaching the ball to play it. Shot at goal The action of an attacker attempting to score by playing the ball towards the goal from within the circle.
5 1.3 1. 1. backlines mark the shorter perimeters of the ﬁeld.40 metres long and 55. 1. Detailed speciﬁcations of the ﬁeld and equipment are provided in a separate section at the end of these Rules.PLAYING THE GAME 1 Field of play The information below provides a simpliﬁed description of the ﬁeld of play.90 metres from each back-line.9 1.40 metres from the inner edge of the goal-line.4 1. The goal-lines are the parts of the back-lines between the goal-posts. Side-lines mark the longer perimeters of the ﬁeld .20 and 1. Flag-posts between 1.50 metres in height are placed at each corner of the ﬁeld. Goals are positioned outside the ﬁeld of play at the centre of and touching each back-line.1 1. Lines known as 23 metres lines are marked across the ﬁeld 22.10 10 .7 1.8 1. Areas referred to as the circles are marked inside the ﬁeld around the goals and opposite the centres of the backlines. 91. A centre-line is marked across the middle of the ﬁeld. All lines are 75 mm wide and are part of the ﬁeld of play.6 The ﬁeld of play is rectangular.00 metres wide.2 1. Penalty spots 150 mm in diameter are marked in front of the centre of each goal with the centre of each spot 6.
If a team has more than the permitted number of players on the ﬁeld.2 2. this player is referred to in these Rules as a player with goalkeeping privileges . Decisions taken prior to correcting the situation cannot be changed.2 Each team has either a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges on the ﬁeld or plays only with ﬁeld players. they must wear protective headgear when defending a penalty corner or penalty stroke . A personal penalty should be awarded against the captain of the team involved. or 11 – . or a ﬁeld player with goalkeeping privileges wearing a different colour shirt and who may wear protective headgear (but not leg guards and kickers or other goalkeeping protective equipment) when inside their defending 23 metres area . leg guards and kickers . Play and time is restarted with a free hit to the opposing team unless another penalty had been awarded against the offending team immediately before time was stopped in which case that penalty is taken. Each team may play with : – a goalkeeper wearing a different colour shirt and full protective equipment comprising at least headgear.1 Composition of teams A maximum of eleven players from each team take part in play at any particular time during the match. time should be stopped to correct the situation. 2. this player is referred to in these Rules as a goalkeeper .
3 Each team is permitted to substitute from its players not on the ﬁeld of play : a substitution is permitted at any time except within the period from the award of a penalty corner until after it has been completed . At a penalty corner. 2.– only ﬁeld players . Any change between these options must take place as a substitution. all team players wear the same colour shirt. substitution other than for an injured or suspended defending goalkeeper or defending player with goalkeeping privileges must not take place until that subsequent penalty corner has been completed. a defending player with goalkeeping privileges who is injured or suspended may be substituted by another player with goalkeeping privileges and not by a goalkeeper wearing full protective equipment. during this period substitution is only permitted for injury to or suspension of the defending goalkeeper or defending player with goalkeeping privileges If another penalty corner is awarded before completion of the previous penalty corner. At a penalty corner. 12 . no player has goalkeeping privileges or wears a different colour shirt . no player may wear protective headgear except a face mask when defending a penalty corner or a penalty stroke . a defending goalkeeper (ie wearing full protective equipment) who is injured or suspended may be substituted by another goalkeeper wearing full protective equipment or by a player with goalkeeping privileges.
the offending team plays with one less player. If the goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges is suspended.If a team has only ﬁeld players. The time stoppage is not extended for a goalkeeper to put on or take off protective equipment as part of a substitution including following a goalkeeper injury or suspension. no substitution is permitted at a penalty corner until it has been completed. If necessary. 13 c d e f g . a player is permitted to be substituted without ﬁrst returning to the ﬁeld ﬁeld players must leave or enter the ﬁeld for substitution purposes within 3 metres of the centre-line on a side of the ﬁeld agreed with the umpires time is stopped for substitution of goalkeepers (ie wearing full protective equipment) but not for other substitutions. Time is stopped brieﬂy to permit a goalkeeper who is wearing full protective equipment to take part in a substitution. play should continue with a player with goalkeeping privileges and wearing a different coloured shirt or only with ﬁeld players while a substitute goalkeeper puts on or takes off protective equipment. b there is no limit to the number of players who are permitted to be substituted at the same time or to the number of times any player is permitted to substitute or be substituted substitution of a player is permitted only after that player has left the ﬁeld substitutions are not permitted for suspended players during their suspension after completing a suspension.
2.3 3. goalkeepers and umpires are permitted on the ﬁeld during the match without the permission of an umpire. 2.2 3.1 3. players with goalkeeping privileges. A replacement captain must be appointed when a captain is suspended. Captains must wear a distinctive arm-band or similar distinguishing article on an upper arm or shoulder. 14 . Players on or off the ﬁeld are under the jurisdiction of the umpires throughout the match including the half-time interval.5 2. to change equipment or for some reason other than substitution are only permitted to re-enter between the 23 metres areas on the side of the pitch used for substitutions. A player who is injured or bleeding must leave the ﬁeld unless medical reasons prevent this and must not return until wounds have been covered . A personal penalty is awarded if a captain does not exercise these responsibilities.7 3 3.4 Captains One player of each team must be appointed as captain.6 2.4 Field players who leave the ﬁeld for injury treatment. No persons other than ﬁeld players. players must not wear blood stained clothing. Captains are responsible for the behaviour of all players on their team and for ensuring that substitutions of players on their team are carried out correctly. refreshment.
are permitted to wear a smooth preferably transparent or white but otherwise single coloured face mask which closely ﬁts the face when defending a penalty corner or penalty stroke for the duration of that penalty corner or penalty stroke and when they are inside the circle they are defending .2 Field players of the same team must wear uniform clothing.4 Players’ clothing and equipment Tournament Regulations available from the FIH provide additional information and requirements about players’ clothing. the medical reasons must be assessed by an appropriate authority and the player concerned must understand the possible implications of playing with the medical condition . ankle and mouth protection . are permitted to wear throughout a match for medical reasons only a smooth preferably transparent or white but otherwise single coloured face mask which closely ﬁts the face. personal equipment and advertising. Players must not wear anything which is dangerous to other players. Field players : – are permitted to wear gloves for protection which do not increase the natural size of the hands signiﬁcantly .1 4. Refer also to regulations established by Continental Federations and National Associations. soft protective head-covering or eye protection in the form of plastic goggles (ie goggles with a soft-covered frame and plastic lenses) . are recommended to wear shin. 4. 15 – – – .
The stick has a traditional shape with a handle and a curved head which is ﬂat on its left side : 16 4. thigh and knee protectors.3 Goalkeepers and players with goalkeeping privileges must wear a single coloured shirt or garment which is different in colour from that of both teams. 4.5 A player with goalkeeping privileges may wear protective headgear when inside their defending 23 metres area . hand. 4.6 Clothing or protective equipment which signiﬁcantly increases the natural size of a goalkeeper’s body or area of protection is not permitted. they must wear protective headgear when defending a penalty corner or penalty stroke.4 Goalkeepers must wear protective equipment comprising at least headgear. Protective headgear incorporating a helmet with ﬁxed full-face protection and cover for the entire head and throat is recommended for goalkeepers and players with goalkeeping privileges. leg guards and kickers. Goalkeepers (ie wearing full protective equipment) must wear this shirt or garment over any upper body protection. 4. The following are permitted for use only by fully equipped goalkeepers : body.7 . upper arm. elbow.– other than players with goalkeeping privileges. forearm. 4. are not permitted to wear protective headgear (face mask or other protective head covering) in any other circumstances. leg guards and kickers except that the headgear and any hand protectors may be removed when taking a penalty stroke.
Detailed speciﬁcations of the stick. must occur along the face side or the back of the stick but not both and is limited to a depth of 25 mm the stick must conform with the speciﬁcation agreed by the Hockey Rules Board. 17 . c d 4. hard and white (or an agreed colour which contrasts with the playing surface).8 The ball is spherical.2 The team scoring the most goals is the winner .1 Match and result A match consists of two periods of 35 minutes and a halftime interval of 5 minutes. Other periods and interval may be agreed by both teams except as speciﬁed in regulations for particular competitions. the stick must be able to pass through a ring with an interior diameter of 51 mm any curvature along the length of the stick (the rake or bow) must have a continuous smooth proﬁle along the whole length. Information about extra time and a penalty stroke competition as ways of reaching a result in a drawn match is included in Tournament Regulations available from the FIH Ofﬁce.a b the stick must be smooth and must not have any rough or sharp parts inclusive of any additional coverings used. ball and goalkeeper’s equipment are provided in a separate section at the end of these Rules. or if the teams score an equal number of goals. 5. if no goals are scored. 5 5. the match is drawn.
4 Taking a centre pass : a b c taken at the centre of the ﬁeld it is permitted to play the ball in any direction all players other than the player taking the centre pass must be in the half of the ﬁeld which includes the goal they are defending 18 . otherwise by a player from the opposing team to re-start the match after half-time by a player of the team which did not take the centre pass to start the match after a goal by a player of the team against which the goal was scored or awarded. the opposing team has the choice of which goal to attack in the ﬁrst half of the match. the opposing team starts the match if the team winning the toss chooses to start the match. A centre pass is taken : a to start the match by a player from the team winning the toss if they chose this option .2 6.3 Direction of play is reversed in the second half of the match.6 6. b c 6. b c 6.1 Start and re-start the match A coin is tossed : a the team which wins the toss has the choice of which goal to attack in the ﬁrst half of the match or to start the match with a centre pass if the team winning the toss chooses which goal to attack in the ﬁrst half of the match.
7 7. A bully takes place to re-start a match when time or play has been stopped for an injury or for any other reason and no penalty has been awarded : a a bully is taken close to the location of the ball when play was stopped but not within 15 metres of the backline the ball is placed between one player from each team who face each other with the goal they are defending to their right the two players start with their sticks on the ground to the right of the ball and then tap the ﬂat faces of their sticks together once just over the ball after which either player is permitted to play the ball all other players must be at least 5 metres from the ball.6 A free hit is taken by a defender 15 metres in front of the centre of the goal-line to re-start a match when a penalty stroke has been completed and no goal has been scored or awarded. play is re-started where the ball crossed the line and the procedures for taking a free hit apply. 19 7.d 6.3 . b c d 6. Play is restarted by a player of the team which was not the last team to touch or play the ball before it went out of play.2 Ball outside the ﬁeld The ball is out of play when it passes completely over the side-line or back-line.1 7.5 the procedures for taking a free hit apply. When the ball travels over the side-line.
unless deﬂected by a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges. The ball may be played by a defender or touch their body before or after being played in the circle by an attacker. b c 8 8. 8. play is re-started with a penalty corner. play is re-started with the ball on the mark 5 metres from the corner of the ﬁeld on the side-line nearest to where the ball crossed the back-line and the procedures for taking a free hit apply if played intentionally by a defender. play is re-started with the ball up to 15 metres from and in line with where it crossed the back-line and the procedures for taking a free hit apply if played unintentionally by a defender or deﬂected by a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges. 20 .1 A match is played between two teams with not more than eleven players of each team on the ﬁeld at the same time.2 A goal is scored if awarded as a result of a penalty stroke.4 When the ball is played over the back-line and no goal is scored : a if played by an attacker.1 Method of scoring A goal is scored when the ball is played within the circle by an attacker and does not travel outside the circle before passing completely over the goal-line and under the cross-bar.7. 9. 9 Conduct of play : players Players are expected to act responsibly at all times.
handle or interfere with other players or their sticks or clothing.4 9. Players must not intimidate or impede another player.5 9. When saving a shot at goal. Players must not play the ball with the back of the stick. a defender must not be penalised if their stick is not motionless or is travelling towards the ball while attempting to stop or deﬂect the shot. This does not prohibit use of the edge of the stick on the forehand in a controlled action in a tackle. 9. Only if the ball is genuinely hit while above shoulder height and a goal is prevented should a penalty stroke be awarded. Players must not lift their stick over the heads of other players. when raising the ball in a controlled way over an opponent’s stick or over a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges who is lying on the ground or when using a long pushing motion along the ground. 9. The use of the edge of the stick on the backhand has developed as a technical skill and is permitted subject to danger.6 Players must not touch.2 Players on the ﬁeld must hold their stick and not use it in a dangerous way.3 9. 21 . Players must not hit the ball hard on the forehand with the edge of the stick.9.7 Players must not play the ball with any part of the stick when the ball is above shoulder height except that defenders are permitted to use the stick to stop or deﬂect a shot at goal at any height.
If dangerous play results after a legitimate stop or deﬂection. A ﬂick or scoop towards an opponent within 5 metres is considered dangerous.9 Players must not intentionally raise the ball from a hit except for a shot at goal. It is not an offence to raise the ball unintentionally from a hit. The penalty is awarded where the action causing the danger took place. any use of the stick above the shoulder must be penalised by a penalty corner and not a penalty stroke. they should be penalised for dangerous play.If a defender attempts to stop or deﬂect a ball travelling towards the goal which will actually miss the goal. including a free hit. If the ball is raised over an opponent’s stick or body on the ground.8 Players must not play the ball dangerously or in a way which leads to dangerous play. a penalty corner must be awarded. A raised hit must be judged explicitly on whether or not it is raised intentionally. 9. it is permitted unless judged to be dangerous. anywhere on the ﬁeld unless it is dangerous. Players are permitted to raise the ball with a ﬂick or scoop provided it is not dangerous. even within the circle. If an opponent is clearly running into the shot or into the attacker without attempting to play the ball with their stick. 22 . A ball is considered dangerous when it causes legitimate evasive action by players. 9.
If it is not clear which player is the initial receiver. A stationary player receiving the ball is permitted to face in any direction. 9. Players obstruct if they : – – – back into an opponent physically interfere with the stick or body of an opponent shield the ball from a legitimate tackle with their stick or any part of their body. The initial receiver has a right to the ball. throw or carry the ball with any part of their body. hand or body of a ﬁeld player. It is not always an offence if the ball hits the foot.10 Players must not approach within 5 metres of an opponent receiving a falling raised ball until it has been received. propel.9. The player only commits an offence if they voluntarily use their hand. pick up. the player of the team which raised the ball must allow the opponent to receive it. 23 .11 Field players must not stop.12 Players must not obstruct an opponent who is attempting to play the ball. foot or body to play the ball or if they position themselves with the intention of stopping the ball in this way. 9. kick. controlled and is on the ground. It is not an offence if the ball hits the hand holding the stick but would otherwise have hit the stick.
17 9. Forcing an opponent to obstruct (often emphasised by running into an opponent or by waving the stick) must also be penalised.13 9. Players must not force an opponent into offending unintentionally. This also applies if an attacker runs across or blocks defenders (including the goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges) when a penalty corner is being taken. at the ball. 9. Players must not delay play to gain beneﬁt by timewasting. umpire or person.15 Players must not tackle unless in a position to play the ball without body contact. 24 9.A player with the ball is permitted to move off with it in any direction except bodily into an opponent or into a position between the ball and an opponent who is within playing distance of the ball and attempting to play it. Playing the ball clearly and intentionally into any part of an opponent’s body may be penalised as an attempt to manufacture an offence. Players must not intentionally enter the goal their opponents are defending or run behind either goal. A player who runs in front of or blocks an opponent to stop them legitimately playing or attempting to play the ball is obstructing (this is third party or shadow obstruction). or at another player.16 Players must not change their stick between the award and completion of a penalty corner or penalty stroke unless it no longer meets the stick speciﬁcation. Players must not throw any object or piece of equipment onto the ﬁeld.14 9. 9.18 .
legs or any other part of their body to stop the ball or deﬂect it in any direction including over the back-line 25 .2 A player with goalkeeping privileges must not take part in the match outside the 23 metres area they are defending when wearing the protective headgear but may remove the headgear and take part in the match anywhere on the ﬁeld. feet. 10. legs. feet. except when taking a penalty stroke. kickers.3 When the ball is inside the circle they are defending and they have their stick in their hand : a goalkeepers wearing full protective equipment are permitted to use their stick. b players with goalkeeping privileges are permitted to use their stick. legs or leg guards to propel the ball and to use their stick. feet and legs to propel the ball and to use their stick. feet. leg guards and kickers must not take part in the match outside the 23 metres area they are defending.1 Conduct of play : goalkeepers and players with goalkeeping privileges A goalkeeper who wears protective equipment comprising at least headgear. except when taking a penalty stroke. Protective headgear must be worn by a player with goalkeeping privileges when defending a penalty corner or penalty stroke.10 10. Protective headgear must be worn by a goalkeeper at all times. leg guards or any other part of their body to stop the ball or deﬂect it in any direction including over the back-line Goalkeepers are not permitted to conduct themselves in a manner which is dangerous to other players by taking advantage of the protective equipment they wear. 10. kickers.
A player with goalkeeping privileges is considered to be a ﬁeld player when outside the circle they are defending.5 Goalkeepers or players with goalkeeping privileges must not lie on the ball. It does not permit a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges to propel the ball forcefully with arms. 26 11.4 . When the ball is outside the circle they are defending. Each umpire is responsible for decisions on free hits in the circle. Each umpire has primary responsibility for decisions in one half of the ﬁeld for the duration of the match. penalty strokes and goals in one half of the ﬁeld.2 11. penalty corners.3 Conduct of play : umpires Two umpires control the match. hands or body so that it travels a long distance. The action in rule c above is permitted only as part of a goal saving action or to move the ball away from the possibility of a goal scoring action by opponents. apply the Rules and are the judges of fair play.c goalkeepers wearing full protective equipment and players with goalkeeping privileges are permitted to use arms. hands and any other part of their body to push the ball away. 10.4 10. goalkeepers or players with goalkeeping privileges are only permitted to play the ball with their stick. 11 11.1 11. Umpires are responsible for keeping a written record of goals scored or awarded and of warning or suspension cards used.
8 Umpires must not coach during a match.11. If the ball strikes an umpire. Umpires blow the whistle to : a b c d e f g h start and end each half of the match start a bully enforce a penalty start and end a penalty stroke indicate a goal re-start the match after a goal has been scored or awarded re-start the match after a penalty stroke when a goal was not scored or awarded stop the match for the substitution onto or off the ﬁeld of a fully equipped goalkeeper and to restart the match on completion of the substitution stop the match for any other reason and to re-start it indicate. when necessary.7 11.5 Umpires are responsible for ensuring that the full time is played and for indicating the end of time for each half and for the completion of a penalty corner if a half is prolonged.6 i j 11. 27 . unauthorised person or any loose object on the ﬁeld. that the ball has passed wholly outside the ﬁeld. play continues. 11.
28 c d .3 A penalty corner is awarded : a b for an offence by a defender in the circle which does not prevent the probable scoring of a goal for an intentional offence in the circle by a defender against an opponent who does not have possession of the ball or an opportunity to play the ball for an intentional offence by a defender outside the circle but within the 23 metres area they are defending for intentionally playing the ball over the back-line by a defender Goalkeepers or players with goalkeeping privileges are permitted to deﬂect the ball with their stick. If awarding a penalty is not an advantage to the team which did not break the Rules.2 A free hit is awarded to the opposing team : a b c for an offence by any player between the 23 metres areas for an offence by an attacker within the 23 metres area their opponents are defending for an unintentional offence by a defender outside the circle but within the 23 metres area they are defending. 12.12 12. 12. protective equipment or any part of their body in any direction including over the back-line. play must continue.1 Penalties Advantage : a penalty is awarded only when a player or team has been disadvantaged by an opponent breaking the Rules.
4 when the ball becomes lodged in a player’s clothing or equipment while in the circle they are defending. A penalty stroke is awarded : a b for an offence by a defender in the circle which prevents the probable scoring of a goal for an intentional offence in the circle by a defender against an opponent who has possession of the ball or an opportunity to play the ball for defenders persistently crossing over the back-line before permitted during the taking of penalty corners. 13 13. c 12.e 12. b c d a more severe penalty may be awarded a personal penalty may be awarded the penalty may be reversed if the subsequent offence was committed by the team ﬁrst awarded the penalty.1 Procedures for taking penalties Mandatory Experimental Rule Location of a free hit : a a free hit is taken close to where the offence occurred 29 .5 If there is another offence or misconduct before the awarded penalty has been taken : a a free hit may be progressed up to 10 metres A free hit to the attack cannot be progressed to inside the circle.
If this player is not playing the ball. the free hit need not be delayed.‘Close to’ means within playing distance of where the offence occurred and with no signiﬁcant advantage gained.2 Mandatory Experimental Rule Procedures for taking a free hit. d 13. c when a free hit is awarded to the attack within the 23 metres area. b c a free hit awarded within 5 metres of the circle to the attack is taken at the nearest point 5 metres from the circle a free hit awarded outside the circle to the defence within 15 metres of the back-line is taken up to 15 metres from the back-line in line with the location of the offence. The location from which a free hit is taken must be more precise inside the 23 metres area. all players other than the player taking the free hit must be at least 5 metres from the ball the ball is moved using a push or hit 30 d . parallel to the side-line. centre pass and putting the ball back into play after it has been outside the ﬁeld : a b the ball must be stationary opponents must be at least 5 metres from the ball If an opponent is within 5 metres of the ball. parallel to the side-line a free hit awarded inside the circle to the defence is taken anywhere inside the circle or up to 15 metres from the back-line in line with the location of the offence. attempting to play the ball or inﬂuencing play. they must not interfere with the taking of the free hit or must not play or attempt to play the ball.
Alternatively : – another player of either team who can legitimately play the ball must deﬂect. it can be played into the circle by any other player including the player who took the free hit. 31 – . If the player taking the free hit continues to play the ball (ie no other player has yet played it) : – – – that player may play the ball any number of times. the actions of taking the free hit and of next playing the ball must be two separate actions before another player of the team which took the free hit is allowed to play the ball. the ball must not be played into the circle until it has travelled at least 5 metres or has been touched by a player of either team other than the player taking the free hit. before that player plays the ball into the circle by hitting or pushing the ball again. but the ball must travel at least 5 metres. or after this player has touched the ball. the ball must move at least 1 metre The ball does not have to move 1 metre before the player taking the free hit may play the ball again.e f the ball must not be raised intentionally directly from the free hit if the player taking the free hit is the next player to play the ball. g h from a free hit awarded to the attack within the 23 metres area. hit or push the ball before it enters the circle.
g h the other defenders must be beyond the centre-line until the ball has been played. outside the circle with sticks. 13. none of the defenders referred to above has goalkeeping privileges. must be positioned behind the back-line with their sticks. centre pass and putting the ball back into play after it has been outside the ﬁeld.All parts of Rule 13.3 Taking a penalty corner : a the ball is placed on the back-line inside the circle at least 10 metres from the goal-post on whichever side of the goal the attacking team prefers an attacker pushes or hits the ball without intentionally raising it the attacker taking the push or hit from the back-line must have at least one foot outside the ﬁeld the other attackers must be on the ﬁeld. including the goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges if there is one. no attacker other than the one taking the push or hit from the back-line is permitted to enter the circle and no defender is permitted to cross the centre-line or back-line 32 b c d e f . hands and feet not touching the ground inside the ﬁeld If the team defending a penalty corner has chosen to play only with ﬁeld players.2 apply as appropriate to a free hit. hands and feet not touching the ground inside the circle no defender or attacker other than the attacker taking the push or hit from the back-line is permitted to be within 5 metres of the ball when the push or hit is taken not more than ﬁve defenders.
deﬂections and scoops.i after playing the ball. or will be. If the ﬁrst shot at goal is a hit and the ball is. ﬂick or scoop). it is permitted to raise the ball to any height but this must not be dangerous A defender who is clearly running into the shot or into the taker without attempting to play the ball with their stick must be penalised for dangerous play. too high crossing the goal-line it must be penalised even if the ball is subsequently deﬂected off the stick or body of another player. at a height of not more than 460 mm (the height of the backboard) before any deﬂection. or be on a path which would have resulted in it crossing the goal-line. j k l for second and subsequent hits at the goal and for ﬂicks. ‘Slap’ hitting the ball. the ball must cross the goal-line. is regarded as a hit. which involves a long pushing or sweeping movement with the stick before making contact with the ball. 33 . The ball may be higher than 460 mm during its ﬂight before it crosses the goal-line provided there is no danger and provided it would drop of its own accord below 460 mm before crossing the line. the attacker taking the push or hit from the back-line must not play the ball again or approach within playing distance of it until it has been played by another player a goal cannot be scored until the ball has travelled outside the circle if the ﬁrst shot at goal is a hit (as opposed to a push. for a goal to be scored The requirements of this Rule apply even if the ball touches the stick or body of a defender before the ﬁrst shot at goal.
if a defender is within ﬁve metres of the ﬁrst shot at goal during the taking of a penalty corner and is struck by the ball below the knee. another penalty corner must be awarded or is struck on or above the knee in a normal stance. m 13.Otherwise.5 34 .4 the penalty corner Rules no longer apply if the ball travels more than 5 metres from the circle. the penalty corner must be taken again. the shot is judged to be dangerous and a free hit must be awarded to the defending team. The penalty corner is completed when: a b c d e f g a goal is scored a free hit is awarded to the defending team the ball travels more than 5 metres outside the circle the ball is played over the back-line and a penalty corner is not awarded a defender commits an offence which does not result in another penalty corner a penalty stroke is awarded a bully is awarded. If play is stopped because of an injury or for any other reason during the taking of a penalty corner at the end of a prolonged ﬁrst or second half and a bully would otherwise be awarded. The match is prolonged at half-time and full-time to allow completion of a penalty corner or any subsequent penalty corner or penalty stroke. 13.
Taking a penalty stroke : a b time and play is stopped when a penalty stroke is awarded all players on the ﬁeld other than the player taking the stroke and the player defending it must stand outside the 23 metres area and must not inﬂuence the taking of the stroke the ball is placed on the penalty spot the player taking the stroke must stand behind and within playing distance of the ball before beginning the stroke the player defending the stroke must stand with both feet on the goal-line and must not leave the goal-line or move either foot until the ball has been played if the player defending the stroke is a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges.6 For substitution purposes and for completion of a penalty corner at half-time and full-time. the defender may only use their stick to make a save.13.7 c d e f . if the player defending the stroke is otherwise taking part in the game as a ﬁeld player. the penalty corner is also completed when the ball travels outside the circle for the second time. they must wear protective headgear . g the whistle is blown when the player taking the stroke and the player defending it are in position 35 13. they may wear only a face mask as protective equipment If the team defending a penalty stroke has chosen to play only with ﬁeld players and not to use a substitute goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges to defend the penalty stroke.
13. ﬂick or scoop the ball and is permitted to raise it to any height Using a ‘dragging’ action to play the ball at a penalty stroke is not permitted. 36 . k the player taking the stroke must play the ball only once and must not subsequently approach either the ball or the player defending the stroke. i j the player taking the stroke must not feint at playing the ball the player taking the stroke must push. is caught by the goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges. lodges in the goalkeeper’s equipment.h the player taking the stroke must not take it until the whistle has been blown The player taking the stroke or the player defending it must not delay the taking of the stroke. the player must be warned (green card) and for any subsequent offence must be suspended (yellow card). or goes outside the circle. 13.9 For an offence during the taking of a penalty stroke : a b by the player taking the stroke : a free hit is awarded to the defence when the player defending the stroke prevents a goal being scored but leaves the goal-line or moves either foot before the ball has been played : the penalty stroke is taken again For the ﬁrst offence of this type.8 The penalty stroke is completed when : a b a goal is scored or awarded the ball comes to rest inside the circle.
1 Personal penalties For any offence. e f 14 14. A personal penalty may be awarded in addition to the appropriate penalty.c d for any other offence by the player defending the stroke which prevents a goal being scored : a goal is awarded for an offence by the player defending the stroke which does not prevent a goal being scored : the penalty stroke is taken again for an offence by a player of the defending team and a goal is not scored : the penalty stroke is taken again for an offence by a player of the attacking team other than the player taking the stroke and a goal is scored : the penalty stroke is taken again. the offending player may be : a b c cautioned (indicated by spoken words) warned (indicated by a green card) temporarily suspended for a minimum of 5 minutes of playing time (indicated by a yellow card) For the duration of each temporary suspension of a player on or off the ﬁeld. d permanently suspended from the current match (indicated by a red card). the offending team plays with one less player. For each permanent suspension. the offending team plays for the remainder of the match with one less player. 37 .
4 14.5 38 . Temporarily suspended players are permitted to rejoin their team at half-time after which they must return to a designated place to complete their suspension. The intended duration of a temporary suspension may be extended for misconduct by a player while suspended.3 14. 14.14.2 Temporarily suspended players must remain in a designated place until permitted by the umpire who suspended them to resume play. Permanently suspended players must leave the ﬁeld and its surrounding area.
and others. Umpires contribute to the game by : a b c helping to raise the standard of the game at all levels by ensuring that players observe the Rules ensuring that every game is played in the right spirit helping to increase the enjoyment of the game for players. 1.3 These objectives can be achieved by umpires being : a b c consistent : umpires maintain the respect of players by being consistent fair : decisions must be made with a sense of justice and integrity prepared : no matter how long an umpire has been ofﬁciating.UMPIRING 1 1. and not imitate another person. nothing must be allowed to distract an umpire approachable : a good understanding of the Rules must be combined with a good rapport with the players better : umpires must aim to become even better with each and every match natural : an umpire must be themselves. spectators.2 Objectives Umpiring hockey is a challenging but rewarding way to participate in the game. 39 d e f g . it is important to prepare thoroughly for every match focused : concentration must be maintained at all times .1 1. at all times.
4 Umpires must : a have a thorough knowledge of the Rules of Hockey but remember that the spirit of the Rule and common sense must govern interpretation support and encourage skilful play.1 Applying the rules Protecting skilful play and penalising offences : a the relative seriousness of an offence must be identiﬁed and serious offences such as dangerous or rough play dealt with early and ﬁrmly in a match intentional offences must be penalised ﬁrmly umpires must demonstrate that if players co-operate. unnecessary interruptions to the ﬂow of the match cause undue delay and irritation 40 . skilful play will be protected and the match will be interrupted only when essential for its proper conduct. b c d e 2 2. b c 2.1. deal promptly and ﬁrmly with offences and apply the appropriate penalties establish control and maintain it throughout the match use all the available tools for control apply the advantage Rule as much as possible to assist a ﬂowing and open match but without losing control.2 Advantage : a it is not necessary for every offence to be penalised when no beneﬁt is gained by the offender .
3 Control : a b c decisions must be made promptly. warnings and suspensions can be given in isolation or in combination with another penalty cautions can be given to players in close proximity without stopping the match it is possible. positively. an umpire must apply advantage if this is the most severe penalty possession of the ball does not automatically mean there is an advantage . when an offence for which a card has already been awarded is repeated. for a player to receive two green or two yellow cards for different minor offences during the same match. for advantage to apply. Cautions. warning (green card). a second opportunity must not be given by reverting to the original penalty it is important to anticipate the ﬂow of the match. clearly and consistently strict action early in a match will usually discourage repetition of an offence it is not acceptable for players to abuse opponents. although umpires are not encouraged to do so. Umpires must deal ﬁrmly with abuse of this sort and in appropriate circumstances issue a caution. d e 2. the player/team with the ball must be able to develop their play having decided to play advantage. or a temporary (yellow card) or permanent (red card) suspension. umpires or other technical ofﬁcials verbally or through body language and attitude. However. the same card must not be used again and a more severe penalty must be awarded 41 d e . to look beyond the action of the moment and to be aware of potential developments in the match.b c when the Rules have been broken.
4 Penalties : a b a wide range of penalties is available two penalties can be used together to deal with bad or persistent offences. umpire or other match ofﬁcial the red card must be shown immediately.1 Umpiring skills The main umpiring skill areas are : a b c d e match preparation co-operation mobility and positioning whistling signalling. 3 3.f when a second yellow card is awarded. the period of suspension must be signiﬁcantly longer than the ﬁrst suspension there must be a clear difference between the duration of a yellow card suspension for a minor offence and the duration for a more serious and/or physical offence when a player intentionally misbehaves in a serious manner towards another player.2 Match preparation : a umpires must prepare thoroughly for each match by arriving at the ﬁeld in good time 42 . 3. g h 2.
c d e f 3.3 Co-operation : a b good team-work and co-operation between umpires is essential prior to a match. This helps to reassure players that decisions are correct a written record of goals scored and cards issued must be kept by both umpires and conﬁrmed at the end of the match. a loud and distinctive whistle. coloured cards to indicate personal penalties and materials to record match details. If necessary and if mobility is good. the goals and the nets and check for any dangerous playing equipment or ﬁeld equipment the two umpires must wear similar colours to one another. c d 43 . but different from those of both teams clothing appropriate to the conditions must be worn footwear must suit ﬁeld conditions and assist mobility umpiring equipment includes a copy of the current Rules book. umpires must be prepared to cross the centre-line and go as far as appropriate into a colleague’s half of the ﬁeld to assist. umpires must discuss and agree how they are going to work together to assist each other. a stop watch. Eye contact between umpires must be practised and maintained umpires must take responsibility and be prepared to assist when their colleague is unsighted or has difﬁculty seeing certain parts of the ﬁeld.b before the match commences. both umpires must check the ﬁeld markings.
umpires must take up a position behind and to the right of the player taking the stroke umpires must not allow their positioning to interfere with the ﬂow of play umpires must face the players all the time.4 Mobility and positioning : a b c umpires must be mobile so they can move to appropriate positions throughout the match. umpires must be positioned near their side-line when play is in the 23 metres area or circle. into the circle itself to see important offences and to judge whether shots at goal are legitimate for penalty corners and after the ball has gone outside the ﬁeld. static umpires cannot view play clearly enough to make correct decisions at all times ﬁt. d e f g h i j k 44 . umpires must move further into the ﬁeld away from the sidelines and. umpires must take up a position which gives a clear view of all potential action for penalty strokes.3. mobile and well positioned umpires are better able to concentrate on the ﬂow of the match and on the decisions which need to be made each umpire operates mainly in half of the ﬁeld with the centre line to their left in general. when necessary. the most suitable position for umpires is ahead of and on the right of the attacking team for play between the centre-line and 23 metres area.
This does not mean long loud whistling at all times the tone and duration of the whistle must be varied to communicate the seriousness of offences to players. b c d e 4 4.3.1 Umpiring signals Timing : a b start time : turn towards the other umpire with one arm straight up in the air stop time : turn towards the other umpire and cross fully-extended arms at the wrists above the head 45 . b c 3. further offences might be missed.5 Whistling : a the whistle is the main way in which umpires communicate with players.6 Signalling : a signals must be clear and held up long enough to ensure that all players and the other umpire are aware of decisions only the ofﬁcial signals must be used it is preferable to be stationary when giving a signal directional signals must not be made across the body it is bad practice to look away from the players when a signal or decision is made . concentration can be lost. each other and other persons involved in the match the whistle must be blown decisively and loudly enough for all involved in the match to be able to hear it. or this can indicate a lack of conﬁdence.
2 4. palms downward. Conduct of play : Signals for conduct of play offences must be shown if there is doubt about the reason for the decision. in front of the body 46 .c d two minutes of play remaining : raise both hands straight up in the air with pointing index ﬁngers one minute of play remaining : raise one hand straight up in the air with pointing index ﬁnger. a b dangerous play : place one forearm diagonally across the chest misconduct and/or bad temper : stop play and make a calming movement by moving both hands slowly up and down.4 4.5 Goal scored : point both arms horizontally towards the centre of the ﬁeld. c 4. Once a timing signal has been acknowledged no further time signal is needed. 4.3 Bully : move hands alternately up and down in front of the body with palms facing each other. Ball out of play : a b ball out of play over the side-line : indicate the direction with one arm raised horizontally ball out of play over the back-line by an attacker : face the centre of the ﬁeld and extend both arms horizontally sideways ball out of play over the back-line unintentionally by a defender : point one arm at the corner ﬂag nearest where the ball crossed the back-line.
touch the forearm with the other hand 5 metres distance : extend one arm straight up in the air showing an open hand with all ﬁngers extended. 47 .6 Penalties : a b c d e advantage : extend one arm high from the shoulder in the direction in which the beneﬁting team is playing free hit : indicate the direction with one arm raised horizontally free hit progressed up to 10 metres : raise one arm vertically with ﬁst clenched penalty corner : point both arms horizontally towards the goal penalty stroke : point one arm at the penalty stroke mark and the other straight up in the air . e f g h 4. this signal also indicates time stopped.c d kick : slightly raise a leg and touch it near the foot or ankle with the hand raised ball : hold palms facing each other horizontally in front of the body. with one palm approximately 150 mm above the other obstruction : hold crossed forearms in front of the chest third party or shadow obstruction : alternately open and close crossed forearms in front of the chest stick obstruction : hold one arm out and downwards in front of the body half-way between vertical and horizontal .
a total of 3 metres at the ends and 2 metres at the sides of the ﬁeld).1 Field and ﬁeld equipment The ﬁeld of play is rectangular.2 Markings : a b c d no marks other than those described in this Rule are to be made on the playing surface lines are 75 mm wide and must be clearly marked along their entire length the side-lines and back-lines and all markings enclosed between them are part of the ﬁeld all marks must be made in white. 1. 91.FIELD AND EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS Diagrams are provided to assist interpretation of these speciﬁcations but they are not necessarily drawn to scale. 1 1. a total of 5 metres at the ends and 4 metres at the sides of the ﬁeld).40 metres long bounded by side-lines and 55 metres wide bounded by back-lines. The text is the deﬁnitive speciﬁcation. The playing surface must continue (to create “run-off” areas) for a minimum of 2 metres at the back-lines and 1 metre at the side-lines with an additional unobstructed 1 metre in each case (that is. 48 . These are minimum requirements with the respective recommended areas being 3 plus 2 metres and 3 plus 1 metres (that is.
40 metres long perimeter lines back-lines : 55.63 metres from and parallel to the outer edge of the back-lines lines 300 mm long marked outside the ﬁeld on each side-line with the further edge of the lines 5 metres from and parallel to the outer edge of the back-lines lines 300 mm long marked outside the ﬁeld on each back-line on both sides of the goal at 5 metres and 10 metres from the outer edge of the nearer goal-post. g and h were moved from inside to outside the ﬁeld with effect from 2001.90 metres lines across the ﬁeld 22. However. f lines 300 mm long marked outside the ﬁeld on each side-line with the further edge of the lines 14. as measured between the furthest edges of each line The markings described in Rules 1. existing ﬁelds with the previously speciﬁed markings may continue to be used.00 metres long perimeter lines goal-lines : the parts of the back-lines between the goal-posts centre-line : across the middle of the ﬁeld 22. These revised markings apply to all new and re-marked ﬁelds.1. the relevant part of the side-lines.90 metres from each back-line as measured between the furthest edges of each line The areas enclosed by and including the 22. 49 g h . and the back-line are known as the 23 metres areas.90 metres lines.3 Lines and other marks : a b c d e side-lines : 91.3 f. The distances in Rule 1.3 h were converted to metric at the same time.
40 metres from the inner edge of the goal-line.66 metres line and the arcs are called the circlelines . as measured between the nearest edges of these lines penalty spots 150 mm in diameter marked in front of the centre of each goal with the centre of each spot 6.63 metres these lines are continued in uninterrupted arcs in both directions to meet the back-lines in the form of quartercircles with centres at the inside front corner of the nearer goal-posts the 3. are called the circles broken lines are marked with their outer edges 5 metres from the outer edge of each circle-line . the spaces enclosed by these lines.66 metres long and parallel to the back-lines are marked inside the ﬁeld with their centres in line with the centres of the back-lines . Their adoption for other matches is at the discretion of National Associations.83 metres from the centre of the back-line. the distance from the outside edges of these 3.66 metres lines to the outside edges of the back-lines is 14. j 1. b c d 50 . each broken line starts with a solid section at the top centre of the circle-line and each solid section is 300 mm long with gaps between the solid sections 3 metres long These broken lines became mandatory for international matches with effect from 1 June 2000. including the lines themselves.4 Circles : a lines 3.i lines 150 mm long marked outside the ﬁeld on each back-line 1.
Figure 1 : Field of Play 51 .
Field Dimensions Code A B C D E F G H* I* J K L Metres 55.00 45.70 22.90 0.30 5.00 3.00 0.30 4.975* 9.975* 14.63 3.66 6.40 Code M N P Q R 1 2 (1 + 2) 3 4 (3 + 4) Metres 0.15 3.66 5.00 14.63 91.40 minimum 2.00 1.00 minimum 3.00 minimum 1.00 1.00 minimum 2.00
* Dimensions H and I are measured from the goal-post line and not from the goal-post itself ; the dimensions from the goal-post are 5.00 metres and 10.00 metres respectively. 1.5 Goals : a two vertical goal-posts joined by a horizontal crossbar are placed at the centre of each back-line on the external marks the goal-posts and cross-bar are white, rectangular in cross section, 50 mm wide and between 50 mm and 75 mm deep the goal-posts must not extend vertically beyond the cross-bar and the cross-bar must not extend horizontally beyond the goal-posts 52
the distance between the inner edges of the goal-posts is 3.66 metres and the distance from the lower edge of the cross-bar to the ground is 2.14 metres the space outside the ﬁeld, behind the goal-posts and cross-bar and enclosed by the net, side-boards and backboard is a minimum of 0.90 metres deep at the cross-bar and a minimum of 1.20 metres deep at ground-level.
Side-boards and back-boards : a b c side-boards are 460 mm high and a minimum of 1.20 metres long back-boards are 460 mm high and 3.66 metres long side-boards are positioned on the ground at right angles to the back-line and are ﬁxed to the back of the goal-posts without increasing their width back-boards are positioned on the ground at right angles to the side-boards and parallel to the back-line, and are ﬁxed to the end of the side-boards side-boards and back-boards are of a dark colour on the inside.
Nets : a b c d the maximum mesh size is 45 mm attachment to the back of the goal-posts and cross-bar is at intervals of not more than 150 mm the nets hang outside the side-boards and back-board the nets are secured so as to prevent the ball passing between the net and the goal-posts, cross-bar, sideboards and back-boards 53
the nets are ﬁtted loosely to prevent the ball rebounding. Figure 2 : Goal
Goal Dimensions Code A B C D 1.8 Flag-posts : a b c d ﬂag-posts are between 1.20 and 1.50 metres in height ﬂag-posts are placed at each corner of the ﬁeld ﬂag-posts must not be dangerous if unbreakable, ﬂag-posts must be attached to a spring base 54 Metres 3.66 2.14 0.46 minimum 1.20 Code E F G Metres minimum 0.90 0.050 0.050 to 0.075
with the stick in the form in which it is used on the ﬁeld).1 The stick : a b the stick has a traditional shape which will be retained no particular handle or head shape or design has been approved.e ﬂag-posts carry ﬂags. but the introduction of extreme shapes or designs outside the speciﬁed parameters will not be permitted. 2 Stick All measurements are made and other speciﬁcations assessed with any coverings or additional ﬁxings attached to the stick (that is. Figure 4 : The Head of the stick Figure 3 : The stick 55 . 2. not exceeding 300 mm in width or length.
for measurement purposes the stick is aligned so that the Y-axis passes through the centre of the top of the handle the handle starts at the line C – C and continues in the direction Y+. the handle and the head the stick is shown in both ﬁgures with the handle in a vertical position.2 Diagrams of the stick : a b c descriptions and speciﬁcations in this Rule relate to ﬁgures 3 and 4 the stick comprises two identiﬁable parts.2. d e f g 2. which is the start of its vertical length (the Y-axis) the head terminates at a line C – C drawn parallel to the X-axis.3 Shape and dimensions of the stick : a b c d the entire stick must be smooth and must not have any rough or sharp parts the handle and head must be of one smooth continuous cross-section along the line C – C the head must be a ‘J’ or ‘U’ shape the upturned or open end of which is limited by the line C – C the head is not limited along the X-axis 56 . 100 mm along the Y-axis. in the main perpendicular to a level horizontal surface (the X-axis) the curved base of the head is shown placed on the X-axis. in a positive direction (towards Y+) the Y-axis is perpendicular to the X-axis .
The depth of concave curvature below the straight edge must not exceed 4 mm . the side shown in the diagrams) the ﬂat playing side of the head of the stick and any continuation of it along the handle must be smooth and in a single plane with any convex or concave deviation across that plane being no more than 4 mm in any direction Deviation across the playing side of the head of the stick is tested by placing a straight edge across this side at any point along the head and using a standard pointed depth gauge. the stick must be able to pass through a ring with an interior diameter of 51 mm the lines A – A and A1 – A1 in the diagrams are 51 mm apart parallel to and equidistant from the Y-axis the lines B – B and B1 – B1 are 20 mm from A – A and A1 – A1 respectively it is permitted for the handle to be bent or curved to protrude beyond the line A – A once only along the length of the Y-axis.e the head must be ﬂat on the left hand side only (the side which is to the player’s left when the stick is held with the open end of the head pointing directly away from the player’s front. i. f g inclusive of any additional coverings used. The stick is laid playing side downwards on the surface. 57 h i j . the sum of depths below the straight edge at the edges of the stick must not exceed 8 mm.e. to the limiting line B – B at maximum The shape and dimensions of the stick are tested using a ﬂat surface marked with the lines shown in ﬁgure 3.
A way of testing the rake or bow is to use a pointed wedge the point of which is 25 mm from the ﬂat base or using a round cylinder with a diameter of 25 mm. Figure 5 : The stick rake or bow 2. The wedge or the cylinder must not pass completely under the stick at any place along its length. The stick is laid playing side downwards on a ﬂat surface in its natural resting position.4 Playing side of the stick : a b the playing side is the entire side shown in ﬁgures 3 and 4 and the edges of that side the edges and the non-playing side must be rounded and must have a continuous smooth proﬁle. 58 . 2.5 The total weight of the stick must not exceed 737 grams. Players must be aware that manufacturers may refuse to replace sticks which have been broken or damaged as a consequence of using the edge of the stick to hit the ball because many sticks have not been made for use in this way. The wedge is placed with its base on the surface or the cylinder is laid lengthwise on the surface.k any curvature along the length of the stick (the rake or bow) must have a continuous smooth proﬁle along the whole length. must occur along the face side or the back of the stick but not both and is limited to a depth of 25 mm.
7 Materials : a the stick and possible additions may be made of or contain any material other than metal or metallic components. b 2. 59 . 2. in the opinion of the Hockey Rules Board. FIH approved hockey balls are used. Ball speed is determined over a series of 5 tests at a stick speed of 80 km/hour in the simulator of an FIH approved laboratory.2. Ball speed is calculated from the time the ball passes two measuring points and is expressed as a ratio to the speciﬁed stick speed. provided it is ﬁt for the purpose of playing hockey and is not hazardous the application of tapes and resins is permitted provided that the stick surface remains smooth and that it conforms to the stick speciﬁcations.6 Ball speed must not be greater than 98 % of stick head speed under test conditions. The test is carried out at prevailing laboratory conditions with a temperature of approximately 20°C and relative humidity of approximately 50 %.8 The FIH reserves the right to prohibit any stick which. is unsafe or likely to have a detrimental impact on playing the game.
1 Ball The ball : a b c d e is spherical has a circumference of between 224 mm and 235 mm weighs between 156 grams and 163 grams is made of any material and coloured white (or an agreed colour which contrasts with the playing surface) is hard with a smooth surface but indentations are permitted. 4. palm upwards must not have any additions to retain the stick when the stick is not held in the hand. 4 4. The dimensions of goalkeeper’s hand protectors and leg guards are measured using gauges with the relevant internal dimensions.1 Goalkeeper’s equipment Hand protectors : a b each have a maximum width of 228 mm and length of 355 mm when laid ﬂat.3 3.2 Leg guards : each have a maximum width of 300 mm when on the leg of the goalkeeper. 60 .
61 .ADDITIONAL INFORMATION AVAILABLE The International Hockey Federation can provide information on various topics to assist participation in the sport. Indoor Hockey A separate publication provides : – the Rules of Indoor Hockey. Tournament Regulations and Management Information includes : – roles and responsibilities of tournament ofﬁcials – speciﬁcation of team clothing. equipment and colours – advertising – interruptions of a match – procedures for handling protests – competition plan and ranking procedure (including a penalty stroke competition). A guide to indoor facilities is also available Synthetic Fields and Lighting (Outdoor) Information is available about : – performance requirements – guidelines for care and maintenance – approved synthetic ﬁeld manufacturers – installing pitches and facilities – artiﬁcial lighting.
Umpiring Information of interest to umpires includes : – grading criteria for FIH umpires – handbook for international umpires including information about umpiring skills. development and elite coaching – school and youth programmes – mini-hockey – course manuals. They include : – beginner.org or from the FIH Ofﬁce : The International Hockey Federation Rue du Valentin 61 1004 Lausanne Switzerland Tel. tournament and mental preparation and a ﬁtness programme – umpire managers’ tournament checklist including information about duties. umpire coaching. on video and on compact-disk. Hockey Development Resources Various materials produced by hockey participants throughout the world are available in print. performance feedback and assessor forms.org 62 . : ++41 (21) 641 0606 Fax : ++41 (21) 641 0607 E-mail : info@worldhockey. ﬁtness testing. The information above is available on the FIH website : www.worldhockey.
org or from the FIH Ofﬁce. so contact the FIH Ofﬁce for a price. Payment instructions are available on the FIH website www.PURCHASE OF RULES BOOKS • Price per copy for up to 10 copies is Swiss Francs (CHF) 7. postage and handling may vary.50 including postage and handling.worldhockey. For more than ten copies. • • • 63 . Payment must accompany each order.
Copyright © FIH 2009 The Copyright of these Rules is held by the International Hockey Federation. National Associations seeking guidance on the reprinting of this Book must contact the FIH Ofﬁce. The contents may be reproduced or translated for distribution or resale by afﬁliated National Associations. 64 . Reprints must replicate the appearance of these Rules and incorporate the following text : “ Reprinted with permission of the International Hockey Federation ”.
: + 41 21 641 0606 Fax : + 41 21 641 0607 E-mail : email@example.com Internet : www.org .The International Hockey Federation Rue du Valentin 61 CH-1004 Lausanne – Switzerland Tel.