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@ size @ length after an applied external force ( compressive force or stretching force) is removed Electromagnet is a device in which magnetism is produced by an electric current // temporary magnet made by winding a coil round a soft iron core and magnetic field produce when current flow A phenomenon when light travel in different medium with different densities – change in speed and direction // the bending of light when travelling through different medium Thermal equilibrium states that the net rate of heat flow from one medium to another medium and vice versa is zero// temperature for both medium is the same. Density/depth/acceleration due to gravity MENGKONSEPSI • Current flow in diagram 10.2 is more than 10.1 // vice versa. • The amount of iron filing attracted by iron core in Diagram 10.2 is more than 10.1 // vv. • The magnetic strength in diagram 10.2 is more than 10.1 // vice versa. • Amount of iron filing attracted increase when current increase • The magnetic field strength increase when current increase • The refractive index of A < the refractive index of B • The refracted angle of medium A > refracted angle of medium B • The density of medium A < density of medium B • The greater the refractive index the smaller the angle of refraction • The greater the refractive index the greater the ratio of sin i to • Diagram 10.1, the p end of diode is connected to negative terminal of dry cell // Diagram 10.2 the p end of diode is connected to positive terminal of dry cell • Bulb in Diagram 10.1 does not lights up • No current flow in Diagram 10.1 // Current flow in Diagram 10.2 • The bulb will lights up when the p end of diode is connected to the positive terminal of dry cell // vice versa • Current only flow in the circuit when p end of diode is connected to positive terminal of dry cell or in forward bias UNDERSTANDING • A soft ball has a high velocity. • A soft ball has a high momentum. • The soft ball player move his hand backward to increase time impact. • The higher the time impact will reduce impulsive force. • So we will not feel hurt. • the strong wind above the roof is moving very fast. • While the air in the house is at rest. • According Bernoulli's principle the higher the velocity the lower the pressure. • So, the pressure above the roof is smaller than pressure inside the house. • A force is generated by the difference in pressure which is MARKS 1
Structure from rigid Lighter Aspect Explanation Use oil Incompressible/no air buble High boiling point/low Does not evaporate easily/lighter density Small Master piston To produce high pressure Big slave piston To produce a big force on the disc Aluminium/steel for Strong/does not rust easily tansmision pipe ASPECT 4 1 10 2 10 10 DESIGN Aerodynamic shape EXPLANATION To reduce air resistance Heat shield / material that is hard To protect the capsule to burn High melting point //ceramic 3 Landing in water // air bag Light material / / small mass // low density Paracute / /Retro rocket Hard material // stiff composite Do not melt Increase time of impact// Reduce impulsive force -Reduce the inertia // -reduce the momentum // -reduce impuls To reduce speed Not easy to bend 2 .• When the coil rotates the coil cut across the magnetic field lines • Induced current flow in the coil. • The current maximum when the coil cut the magnetic field at 3 right angle // current decreased (become zero) when the coil move in parallel with magnetic field lines • The direction of current flow determine by using Fleming’s right hand rule • After 90o the direction of current in the external circuit reversed/ PROBLEM SOLVING QUALITATIVE EXPLANATION Produce bigger different in Bigger size of sail pressure Easy to cut air resistance Supporting cable made by not easily break steel wire increase strength and rigidity Lighter Low density Least upward lift is needed Not absorb Waterproof water Glider can easily assemble Hinged structure and folded up for transportation.
APLICATION QUANTITATIVE -Atmospheric pressure at both side is equal -Pressure does not depends on size of arm Patm + h1ρy g = P atm + h2 ρx g 1 ( 10 x 10 -2 1 1 1 ) ( ρx ) ( 10 ) 1 1 ) ( 1 200 ) ( 10 ) = ( 16 x10 ρx = 750 kgm-3 -2 (b)(i) 12V (ii) 10% Input Power Output Power = 24 x 2 = 48 W Input Power = VI =240 x 2 = 120 W = 48 X 100 120 = 40 % SOALAN MAKING DESISION characteristics Made of concrete low density reason Stronger / Not easy to break // metal can rust easily lighter / the structure that hold the tank able to withstand the weight of tank able to withstand the higher pressure at the bottom to produce a greater difference in pressure Made of concrete. thicker wall at the bottom. low density. height from ground is high Eff = Output Power x 2 5 1 thicker wall at the bottom // Diagram height from ground is high R is chosen 10 3 .
Bar magnet pushed away 1. Increase the number of turns of coil 2. large number of fin blades 10 Properties Low specific heat capacity High melting point 3 Low density Low rate or rusty S is chosen Explanation Easily to be hot Can sustain high temperature lighter So that it do not rust Because of low specific heat capaity. Y becomes North pole / same pole as the bar magnet / force of repulsion Marks 1 1 1 1 1 3 8 1 2 2 2 4 . low density and low rate of rusty. Increase magnitude of current / reduce resistance in the rheostat 1. X becomes South pole and still attract the iron rod 2. Soft iron rod is attracted to the coils 2. high melting point.characteristics reason High specific heat capacity Heats up slowly / store more heat High boiling point Big fan 2 A large number of fin blades Choose R Slow to turn into vapour/volume of liquid decreases slowly Sucked a lot of air Increases surface area/releases heat faster. High boiling point . Big fan. High specific heat capacity. 10 SOALAN STRUKTUR (a)(i) (a) (ii) (b) (ii) (b)(iii) (c) (d) Soalan Menkonsepsi 1 Mass per volume Density of water > oil d1 > d 2 Pressure of water > oil // water > oil The higher the density the higher the pressure//As the density increases the pressure increases The deeper the water the higher the pressure The pressure in the tank > in the house (in the tap) The difference pressure produce force to flow the water TOTAL 7 (a) (b) (c) (i) (ii) Soalan Modification 1 North pole 1 1.
0 80. Potential difference// Voltage// V Stating a correct fixed variable.6 1.90 5 . All readings of l are correct to one decimal place 4.9 1.60 1. Thickness of wire// resistivity of wire// type of wire Tabulating results of the experiment (5 marks) 1.2 1.l / cm 20.90 1.0 Potentiakl diffr.4 0. Labels l and V are shown 2. Minimum 3 correct readings for V to 1 or 2 decimal place 5.0 100.10 x 100 % 20 =50 % Energy saver bulb High efficiency // less wasted energy Refrigerator or any other appliances Choose frost-free refrigerator // not allow frost to accumulate too thick in the freezer // close the door tightly TOTAL 1 1 1 10 1 2 1 4 (iii) (d) 2 2 12 KERTAS 3 Questio n1 (a)(i) (ii) (iii) Mar ks 1 1 1 Answer Stating the correct manipulated variable.20 1.0 60.V/V 0.0 40. Length of wire// l Stating the correct responding variable.(d) (i) (ii) (e) 8 (a) (b) (c)(i) (ii) Iron rod is still attracted to the coil 1 Bar magnet will oscillate/ vibrate 1 Relay switch // electric bell etc 1 TOTAL Soalan Making Dicision 1 The power of device is the rate of which it transfers energy Electrical energy to light energy and heat energy Heat energy Filament bulb : .11.25 x 100 % 75 = 15 % Energy saver bulb : .9 or or or or or 0.40 0. Correct unit for l and V 3. All readings of V are correct to 1 decimal place Length.
V on the y-axis and l on the x-axis. t = (0. Units stated for both l and V correctly 3 C.Plotting the l against V graph (5 marks) 1 2 A. t2 = 0. 7 G.088 3. Show on graph with appropriate vertical and/ or horizontal line corresponding to 44 cm 2. (d) (e) (i) (ii) 1 Stating the correct relationship V is directly proportional to l // V α l 1 Voltmeter reading decrease Resistance decrease 1 Questio n2 (a)(i) (ii) Marks 1 1 1 1 Answer h is directly proportional to t2 // h α t2 1. B. 4 boxes on x-axis). Graph size a minImum of 5×4 (5 boxes on y-axis.29 -0. mark can be given) 5 E. 3 points plotted correctly from table. The scales on both axes are regular and not an odd scale. 5 points plotted correctly from table(reading is wrong. 4 D. 6 F. plotting from table correct. Line of best fit.30) s 6 .
The focal length b 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 and correctly in the table. v. (cm-1) v 0.027 0. (c) JUMLAH Contoh Set 1 Questio n 1 a (i) (ii) (iii) 1 12 Marking Scheme Paper 3 Physics Mid Year SBP 2007 Mark Marking Scheme s 1 State the manipulated variable correctly . (cm) 40 35 30 25 20 (cm-1) 0.038 0.3 30. Answer with correct unit 500 cms-2 u = 0 ms -1 1. /cm-1 C All values of v are correct 1 are correct u 1 E Values of are correct v D Values of F All values of are consistent Image distance. Show that h = 1/2g t2 2. v. u v 1 1 A Shows a table which have u. u. Substitution of the gradient ½ g = 500 3. The image distance 1 State one fixed variable. and u v 1 1 B State the correct unit of u/cm. make sure the eyes are perpendicular to the scale on the metre rule to avoid parallax error. v/cm. (cm) 24.5 60.029 0. The distance object 1 State the responding variable correctly .(b) 3 (c) (i) (ii) 1 3 1. Drawing the gradient triangle Triangle size a minimum of 8ver x 8 hor of cm 2.0 Object distance.050 1 .0 37. Substitution (values from student’s triangle) 3.033 0.u. 1000 cms-2 or 10 ms-2 When measuring the values of h.017 7 .2 26.042 0.025 0. /cm-1 and u v Tabulate . v.033 0.040 0. u 1 . Answer with correct unit.
(c) Draw the graph of W against h.Both axes with the even and uniform scale: D .Label y-axis and x-axis correctly B .5 points correctly plotted: E .States the unit at the axis correctly C .a smooth best straight line F . A .minimum size of the graph is 5 x 4 Squares of 2 x 2 cm: Number of √ 6 5 3-4 2 1 Score 5 4 3 2 1 d 1 State the correct relationship based on the candidate’s graph ( negative gradient striaght line graph) 1 1 decrease linearly to v u e 1 State ONE correct precaution so as to produce an accurate result of the experiment The position of the eye perpendicular when takes the reading to avoid errors due to parallax/systematic error 8 .
m.g.5 -3.5 = 0.6 x105 Nm-2 State the changes correctly k will increase 2(d)(ii) 2(e) Give the correct explanation The pressure exerted by the liquid increases State the precaution correctly The position of Eyes is perpendicular to the scale of reading as to avoid parallax error // Repeate experiment twices and find the average to increase the accuracy MARKS 2 2(b) (i) 4 2(b)(ii ) 2(c) 2(d)(i ) 1 2 1 1 1 Question 2 Section (a)(i) (ii) (iii) B (ii) Mark 1 2 1 1 Marking scheme V decreases linearly with I Extrapolate the graph 3.30 x105 .67 VA Show graph then horizontal line until it touches he V-axis V — 2.2 -0 State the vertical line from 1 — 0.Total 16 Marks SOALAN 1 –QUESTION 2 NO Marking Scheme 2(a) Show on the graph State the value of Patm correctly 1. Draw a sufficient large triangle (minimum size is 8 cm x 8 cm) * Correct substitution(follow candidate's triangle) 1.60 A until-1touch the value /answer with unit 1.67 ) R=4.16 Ω -Repeat the experiment and take average// -switch of the circuit when not taking any reading/! -Eye position must be perpendicular to scale of meter ruler 1 (b) (c) I 1 I 1 1 (d) 9 .5 V E = I(R+r) 3.e.6(R +1.35 x105 ] Correct unit.5 V Electromotive forcelle. Nm-3 Correct answer [1560 .1620 ] Show on the graph State the value with the correct unit 1.06 x 105 Nm-2 Draw the triangle on the graph(minimum 8cm x 8cm) Show the substitution correctly Correct answer [1.f//d.1.5 1.
a short rubber tube and Bourdon gauge Arrangement of apparatus: must label Procedure: 1. P Fixed : Gas temperature. The piston of the syringe is adjusted until the volume of air in the syringe is 100 cm3 at atmospheric pressure.T or massof gas. m Apparatus : Glass syringe. Aim : To investigate the relationship between the pressure and volume for a fixed mass of gas at a constant temperature. V/cm3 100 90 80 70 60 Analysing data P/Pa Pressure. The syringe is connected to a Bourdon gauge and the pressure of the air in the syringe is observed and recorded. 4. the larger is the volume of a fixed mass of gas. Hypothesis: The smaller the pressure.total 12 Section B (12 marks) Soalan 1 Inference : The size of the gas bubble depends on the depth of the water. 70 cm3 and 60 cm3. P/Pa V/cm3 10 . The pressure is again recorded. 2. Variables : Manipulated : Gas volume. this procedure is repeated for enclosed volumes of 80cm3. 3. Tabulating data Volume. The piston is then pushed in so that the volume of air trapped is 90 cm3. V Responding : Gas pressure. The apparatus is set up as shown in the diagram above.
5 A. insulated copper wire. switch. retort stand with clamp.0A and 2.Soalan 2/6 Inference: the strength of electromagnetism depends on the current in the coil.5A. I Responding variable: strength of electromagnetism (number of pins collected) Fixed variable: no of turns Apparatus : pins. Hypothesis: The larger the current in the coil. connecting wires. Power supply. The rheostat is adjusted to obtain the current. 2.I/A 0. The no of pins attracted to soft iron rod is counted.5 1. rheostat . 3.0A. I = 0.1. The values of current I is repeated with I = 1.0 2.5A Tabulating data Current.The switch is closed and the power supply is switched on .5 Analysing data No pin attract. the stronger the strength of electromagnetism Aim:To study the relationship between the size of current carried by the coil and the strength of electromagnetism.5 2. ammeter.0 1. 2. Arrangment of Apparatus Procedure: 1. Variable: Manipulated variable: current.N N I/A Soalan 3/7 Inference: The buoyont force depent on the volume of an object Hypothesis: The higher the volume(or depth of iron bar/surface area) the higher the buoyant force 11 . soft iron rod.
0 cm. Step 2 and 3 is repeated for the height.Aim of experiment : To investigate the relationship between volume and buoyant force Variables in the experiment: Manipulated variable:Volume Responding variable:Reading of the spring balance(BF) Fixed/ constant variables:Volume of the water List of apparatus and materials: Measuring cylinder.0 cm. List of apparatus and materials Source of light.0 2. h= 25. single slit.5 1.0 1. W/N V/cm3 W/N (iii ) (iv ) 12 .0 cm3 3. 4.5 2. spring balance and metre rule. The volume of the iron bar is set at h = 20. colour filter. beaker. double slit and metre rule Arrangement of the apparatus 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Weight. 30. Variables a)manipulated : Wavelength of light/colour of light b)responding : distances between two consecutive bright fringes c)fixed : distance of slit. a metal rod. The meter rule was clipped to the retort stand beside of the iron bar. The reading of the spring balance is recorded. Tabulation of data Tabulating data Analysing data Volume. 2. retord stand Arrangement of apparatus Procedure 1.V/cm3 0. water.0 cm and 40.0 cm.5 Soalan 8 (a) (b) (c) (i) (ii) Inference The distances between two consecutive bright fringes depends on the wavelength of light Hypothesis The higher the wavelength the higher the distance between two consecutives bright fringes Aim To investigate the relationship between the wavelength and the distances between two consecutives bright fringes. screen. 35.
(v) Procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable. 2)The distance between two consecutive bright fringes is measured by using meter ruler 3)The experiment is repeated 5 times for with different colour filters . 1)A green (suppose value) filter is placed between the light source and the slits. yellow. The source of light is switched on. red. blue and violet (state the value) 1 1 1 (vi) Tabulate the data λ/cm x/cm Analyse the data 1 (vii ) x/cm 1 λ/cm TOTAL 12 13 .
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