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Three Phase Drives (H.Rashid): The ripple frequency of the armature voltage is higher than that of single phase drives and it requires less inductance in the armature circuit to reduce the armature ripple current. The armature current is mostly continuous and therefore the motor performance is better compared to that of single phase drives. There are four types 1. 3-Phase half-wave converter drives. 2. 3-Phase Semi converter drives. 3. 3-Phase Full-wave converter drives. 4. 3-Phase Dual converter drives.

10-4.1

3-Phase half-wave converter drives: A 3-Phase half wave converter fed dc motor drive is a two quadrant drive. The field converter could be a 1-phase or 3-phase semi converter. This drive is not normally used in industrial applications, because the ac supply contains dc components. With a three phase half-wave converter in the armature circuit, the armature voltage can be obtained with the help of equation 4-51 as;

√

Va=

(

)

for

0≤

≤л

- - - - - - - - - - (10-22)

Similarly the three phase field voltage in the field circuit can be obtained with the help of equation 4-54 as;

√

Vf=

(

)

for

0≤

≤л

- - - - - - - - - - (10-23)

1

(10-25) 10-4. √ Vf= ( ) for 0≤ ≤л .4 A 3-Φ Dual converter drives: 2 .2 3-Phase Semi-converter drives..... the armature voltage can be obtained with the help of equation 4-51 as..10-4.. The field converter should also be a single phase or three phase semi converter.. With a three phase half-wave converter in the armature circuit.......... A 3-Φ semi converter fed drive ia a one quadrant drive and is limiting to applications upto 115 kwatts... √ Va= ( ) for 0≤ ≤л .3 A 3-Φ Full converter drives: 10-4.(10-24) Similarly the three phase field voltage in the field circuit can be obtained with the help of eq: 4-54 as.

The viscous friction and no-load losses can be considered negligible. From the given data.. The armature resistance is R a = 0. i f= V f / R f => (280. =0° Now according to equation 10-27 V f = (3 x √ x V m) / л . 208 v.. =? (b) As V m =0° V L = 208 v =√ xV P So that => and V P = 208 / √ v √ x 120 v ω = 900 x (л/30) => => => V P = 120 v Vm= ω = 94. (a). the developed torque is T d = 116 N-m and the delay angle of the armature converter 0°.7 v In this way the field current can be obtained as. If the field circuit converter is set for the maximum field current. determine the delay angle of the field converter ? If the speed has to be increased to 1800 rpm... Solution: V L = 208 v R f = 145 Ω R a = 0. The ac input to the armature and field converter is three phase. (c).. determine the speed of the motor ω ? For the same load demand as in part (b). 60 Hz.. the field circuit resistance is R f = 145 Ω and the motor voltage constant is K V = 1..2 V/A rad/s. The armature and field currents are continuous & ripple free.Example 10-6(H.7) / 145 => if= 3 . If the field converter is operated at the maximum field current and the developed torque is T d = 116 N-m at 900 rpm. Y-connected. (a).7) / 3. determine the delay angle of the armature converter ? (b).(10-27) => V f = (3 x √ x 169.142 => V f = 280.2 V/A rad/s. T d = T L = 116 N-m So that for maximum field current. The field circuit is also controlled by a 3-Φ Full converter...25 Ω.Rashid): The speed of a separately excited dc motor is controlled by a three phase Full-wave converter.25 Ω K V = 1.25 rad/s.

V a = E g + I a .(10-26) ) => ( ) ( ) => = 34.I f ) => (116 / 1.93 x 0. V a= ( => ( √ )( )( ) .I f .(10-2) => Hence V a = E g + I a ..2 x 1... 1.25) => => Eg=Va–RaI 280..25 => Eg= Similarly the delay angle can be obtained by equation (10-26).(10-2) ω = E g / (K v...2 x 1...ω .(10-26) ) => = 280.... Now according to the given condition of question...44 v.4825 a => E g = 268..I a .44 = ( (b).R a => 280..(10-4) .R a => 218...Now the developed torque can be obtained as according to equation 10-4 Td=TL=K => I a = (T d / K V V .7 – (49. V a= ( => √ )( ) )( ..936) => I a= Simultaneously the back emf can be obtained as according to equation 10-2 E g = K v ....936 x 94.....25 => V a = 231.....445 ° 231.....22 v The speed of the motor can be obtained by equation 10-2 as..22 / 1.. I f) => (268..7 – 12.93 x 0......2 x 1...7 v ) => ( The back emf can be obtained as.I f . E g = K v ...936) => ω= or (115.ω .I f .96 + 49.36 (60/ 2 л) = 1102 rpm 4 ... If =0° So that the armature voltage can be obtained with the help of equation (10-26)...

2 ° ) ( ) 5 .5) => If= So that in this way we can find the field voltage as..I f ... E g = K v .5 =? So that for finding field current. then ω = (1800 (л/30) = 188.(c)...ω .(10-2) If=E g / (K v. we use equation 10-2 as.. ω) => (268... V f = I f...... => When ω = 1800 rpm. V f= ( => => ( √ )( ( ) )( . R f => (1....(10-27) ) => ( => ( ) ) ( ) => = 52..2 x 188..22 / 1.186 x 145) => Vf= As we know that according to equation (10-27)..

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