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LTE system signaling procedures

LTE system signaling procedures

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LTE system signaling huawei
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2010-09

Security Level: Internal Use

LTE system signaling procedure
www.huawei.com

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to :

Know the LTE/SAE system architecture and functions Know main elementary procedures of S1/X2/Uu interfaces Know the procedure of service setup, service release, intra-

eUTRAN handover

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

References
  

3GPP TS 36.300 3GPP TS 23.401 3GPP TS 36.413


3GPP TS 36.331
3GPP TS 36.423

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page3

Elementary Procedures 3.. Ltd. Service signaling flow Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Overview 2. Page4 . All rights reserved.Contents 1.

Service signaling flow Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Overview 2.Contents 1.. Elementary Procedures 3. All rights reserved. Page5 . Ltd.

Page6 .) HSS  Main functions of the PDN GW is:   LTE-Uu UE E-UTRAN S10 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co..System Architecture Overview  Main functions of the Serving GW is:   the local Mobility Anchor point for handover (inter-eNodeB/inter-3GPP) Packet routeing and forwarding UE IP address allocation UL and DL service level charging UTRAN SGSN GERAN S3 S1-MME S6a MME S11 S12 S4 Serving Gateway S1-U S5 Gx PDN Gateway SGi PCRF Rx Operator's IP Services (e. Ltd. IMS. All rights reserved. PSS etc.g.

Page7 . Ltd.. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.Bearer service architecture    A radio bearer transports the packets of an EPS bearer between a UE and an eNB. There is a one-to-one mapping between an EPS bearer and a radio bearer. An S1 bearer transports the packets of an EPS bearer between an eNodeB and a Serving GW An eNB stores a one-to-one mapping between a radio bearer and an S1 to create the binding between a radio bearer and an S1 bearer in both the uplink and downlink.

Ltd. Page8 .Service request procedure Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved..

Page9 . and an Allocation and Retention Priority (ARP)  QoS Class Identifier (QCI)    QCI is characterized by priority. Ltd. packet delay budget and acceptable packet loss rate QCI is used to control bearer level packet forwarding treatment The set of standardized QCIs is listed in the table of next page   The ARP of a bearer is used for call admission control A GBR bearer is additionally associated with the following bearer level QoS parameters:   Guaranteed Bit Rate (GBR) Maximum Bit Rate (MBR) Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Bearer level QoS  Basically. bearers can be classified into two categories   GBR bearers Non-GBR bearers  Each bearer has an associated QoS Class Identifier (QCI).. All rights reserved.

. Ltd.)  The set of standardized QCIs Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.Bearer level QoS(Cont. All rights reserved. Page10 .

. . All rights reserved. and the mapping between EPS RB Identity and EPS Bearer Identity is made by E-UTRAN A eNB UE S1AP ID shall be allocated so as to uniquely identify the UE over the S1 interface within an eNB A MME UE S1AP ID shall be allocated so as to uniquely identify the UE over the S1 interface within the MME An Old eNB UE X2AP ID shall be allocated so as to uniquely identify the UE over the X2 interface within a source eNB An New eNB UE X2AP ID shall be allocated so as to uniquely identify the UE over the X2 interface within a target eNB  eNB UE S1AP ID   MME UE S1AP ID   Old eNB UE X2AP ID   New eNB UE X2AP ID   C-RNTI: The C-RNTI provides a unique UE identification at the cell level identifying RRC Connection and used for scheduling Page11 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.Application protocol identities  EPS bearer identity    An EPS bearer identity uniquely identifies an EPS bearer for one UE accessing via E-UTRAN The EPS Bearer Identity is allocated by the MME There is one to one mapping between EPS RB and EPS Bearer.

Ltd..Contents 1. All rights reserved. Page12 . Overview 2. Service signaling flow Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Elementary Procedures 3.

2 Elementary Procedures of S1 2. Ltd. Page13 .3 Elementary Procures of X2 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Elementary Procedures 2.Contents 2..1 Elementary Procures of Uu 2. All rights reserved.

 RRC_CONNECTED   Transfer of unicast data to/from UE. Acquires system information Page14    Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Performs neighbouring cell measurements and measurement reporting.UE states  RRC_IDLE    A UE specific DRX may be configured by upper layers UE controlled mobility The UE:    Monitors a Paging channel to detect incoming calls. Performs neighbouring cell measurements and cell (re-)selection. At lower layers.. Provides channel quality and feedback information.   Network controlled mobility The UE:  Monitors control channels associated with the shared data channel to determine if data is scheduled for it. the UE may be configured with a UE specific DRX. Acquires system information. . All rights reserved.

all using DCCH logical channel.. All rights reserved. using DCCH logical channel. SRB2 has a lowerpriority than SRB1 and is always configured by E-UTRAN after security activation Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.  SRB2 is for NAS messages. Ltd. Page15 . SRB1 is for RRC messages as well as for NAS messages prior to the  establishment of SRB2.Signalling radio bearers  "Signalling Radio Bearers" (SRBs) are defined as Radio Bearers (RB) that are used only for the transmission of RRC and NAS messages. the following three SRBs are defined:  SRB0 is for RRC messages using the CCCH logical channel.

All rights reserved. The MIB includes a limited number of most essential and most frequently  transmitted parameters that are needed to acquire other information from the cell. Page16 .System information UE E-UTRAN MasterInformationBlock SystemInformationBlockType1 SystemInformation  System information is divided into the MasterInformationBlock (MIB) and a number of SystemInformationBlocks (SIBs). and is transmitted on BCH  SystemInformationBlockType1 and all SI messages are transmitted on DL- SCH Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..

Paging
UE EUTRAN

Paging

Purpose:

To transmit paging information to a UE in RRC_IDLE and/ or to inform UEs in RRC_IDLE and UEs in RRC_CONNECTED about a system information change or about an ETWS (Earthquake and Tsunami Warning System ) primary notification ue-Identity cn-Domain pagingCause systemInfoModification ETWS notification

Main IE:
    

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page17

RRC connection establishment
UE EUTRAN

UE
RRCConnectionRequest

EUTRAN

RRCConnectionSetup

RRCConnectionRequest

RRCConnectionSetupComplete

RRCConnectionReject

Purpose:

RRC connection establishment involves SRB1 establishment. The procedure is also used to transfer the initial NAS dedicated information/ message from the UE to E-UTRAN establishmentCause

Main IE:
    

radioResourceConfiguration for Only SRB1
selectedPLMN-Identity registeredMME nas-DedicatedInformation
Page18

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Initial security activation
UE EUTRAN

UE

EUTRAN

SecurityModeCommand

SecurityModeCommand

SecurityModeComplete

SecurityModeFailure

Purpose:

To activate AS security upon RRC connection establishment
When only SRB1 is established and prior to establishment of SRB2 and/ or DRBs.

Main IE:

integrity protection and ciphering

Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page19

to perform handover.g. Ltd. e. .. All rights reserved. to establish/ modify/ release RBs.RRC connection reconfiguration UE EUTRAN UE EUTRAN RRCConnectionReconfiguration RRCConnectionReconfiguration RRCConnectionReconfigurationComplete RRC connection re-establishment  Purpose:  To modify an RRC connection. to setup/ modify/ release measurements measurementConfiguration mobilityControlInformation nas-DedicatedInformation radioResourceConfiguration (for SRB2 and possibly DRBs) securityConfiguration  Main IE:       ue-RelatedInformation Page20 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

which includes the release of the established radio bearers as well as all radio resources. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.RRC connection release UE EUTRAN RRCConnectionRelease  Purpose:  To release the RRC connection. Ltd. All rights reserved.. Page21 .

All rights reserved. Cell change order is applicable only to GERAN. the MobilityFromEUTRACommand message includes radio resources that have been allocated for the UE in the target cell  cell change order. i. GERAN.e. e. i. Ltd..e.Mobility from E-UTRA UE EUTRAN MobilityFromEUTRACommand  Purpose:  To move a UE in RRC_CONNECTED to a cell using another Radio Access Technology (RAT). the MobilityFromEUTRACommand message may include information facilitating access of and/ or connection establishment in the target cell. UTRA or CDMA2000 systems The mobility from E-UTRA procedure covers both:   handover.g. system information. Page22 .g. Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. e.

Page23 . Ltd.DL/UL information transfer UE EUTRAN DLInformationTransfer UE EUTRAN ULInformationTransfer  Purpose:  To transfer NAS or non-3GPP dedicated information from E-UTRAN/UE to a UE/E-UTRAN in RRC_CONNECTED Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. All rights reserved.

Ltd.. Page24 . All rights reserved.UE capability transfer UE EUTRAN UECapabilityEnquiry UECapabilityInformation  Purpose:  To transfer UE radio access capability information from the UE to E-UTRAN Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

Page25 ..3 Elementary Procures of X2 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.1 Elementary Procures of Uu 2. Elementary Procedures 2.2 Elementary Procedures of S1 2.Contents 2. Ltd. All rights reserved.

Paging eNB MME PAGING  Purpose:  The purpose of the Paging procedure is to enable the MME to page a UE in the specific eNB UE Paging ID Paging DRX  Main information:     Paging Cause List of TAIs Page26 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. . All rights reserved. Ltd.

.. Handover Restriction List. UE capability information. Security context.Context Management procedures eNB MME INITIAL CONTEXT SETUP REQUEST INITIAL CONTEXT SETUP RESPONSE  Purpose:  To establish the necessary overall initial UE Context including SAE Bearer context. All rights reserved. Ltd. NAS-PDU etc Other message in this category includes: UE Context Release Request /release/modify SAE Bearer Level QoS parameters Transport Layer Address NAS-PDU Security Handover Restriction List UE Radio Capability Subscriber Profile ID for RAT/Frequency priority Page27   Main information:        Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

. All rights reserved. Ltd. .SAE Bearer Management procedures eNB MME SAE BEARER SETUP REQUEST SAE BEARER SETUP RESPONSE  Purpose:  To assign resources on Uu and S1 for one or several SAE bearers and to setup corresponding SAE Radio Bearers for a given UE Other message in this category includes: SAE bearer modify and SAE bearer release   Main information :  SAE Bearer Level QoS parameters Transport Layer Address NAS-PDU    SAE Bearer Setup List SAE Bearer Failed to Setup List Page28  Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

. .NAS transport eNB MME INITIAL UE MESSAGE  Purpose:  The purpose of the NAS Transport procedure is to carry UE – MME signalling over the S1 Interface. All rights reserved. DOWNLINK NAS TRANSPORT and UPLINK NAS TRANSPORT messages are used for NAS Transport procedure also  Main IE:      NAS-PDU TAI E-UTRAN CGI S-TMSI (optional) Handover Restriction List in DOWNLINK NAS TRANSPORT (optional) Page29 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.   The NAS messages are not interpreted by the eNB Besides INITIAL UE MESSAGE. Ltd.

All rights reserved.. This procedure shall be the first S1AP procedure triggered after the TNL association has become operational Global eNB ID eNB Name   Main IE:   MME Name Served PLMNs Served GUMMEIs  Supported TAs of the eNodeB Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.S1 Setup eNodeB S1 SETUP REQUEST S1 SETUP RESPONSE MME eNodeB S1 SETUP REQUEST S1 SETUP FAILURE MME  Purpose:  The purpose of the S1 Setup procedure is to exchange application level data needed for the eNodeB and MME to interoperate correctly on the S1 interface. Ltd. Page30 .

. All rights reserved.MME/eNodeB Configuration Update eNB ENB CONFIGURATION UPDATE ENB CONFIGURATION UPDATE ACKNOWLEDGE MME eNB ENB CONFIGURATION UPDATE ENB CONFIGURATION UPDATE FAILURE MME eNB MME CONFIGURATION UPDATE MME eNB MME CONFIGURATION UPDATE MME CONFIGURATION UPDATE FAILURE MME MME CONFIGURATION UPDATE ACKNOWLEDGE  Purpose:  The purpose of the MME/ eNB Configuration Update procedure is to update application level configuration data needed for the eNB and MME to interoperate correctly on the S1 interface..  This procedure doesn’t affect existing UE-related contexts Page31 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

Contents 2.3 Elementary Procures of X2 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Elementary Procedures 2..2 Elementary Procedures of S1 2. All rights reserved.1 Elementary Procures of Uu 2. Page32 . Ltd.

.. Ltd. All rights reserved.Handover Preparation source eNB HANDOVER REQUEST HANDOVER REQUEST ACKNOWLEDGE target eNB source eNB HANDOVER REQUEST target eNB HANDOVER PREPARATION FAILURE  Purpose:  To establish necessary resources in an eNB for an incoming handover  Main IE:  Cause Target Cell ID and GUMMEI SAE Bearer Info Page33   Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved.. Ltd.SN Status Transfer source eNB SN STATUS TRANSFER target eNB  Purpose:  To transfer the uplink PDCP-SN and HFN receiver status and the downlink PDCP-SN and HFN transmitter status from the source to the target eNB during an X2 handover for each respective SAE bearer for which PDCP SN and HFN status preservation applies  Main IE:  SAE Bearers Subject To Status Transfer List Page34 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. .

. Ltd. Page35 . All rights reserved. the source eNB can release radio and control plane related resources associated to the UE context Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.UE Context Release source eNB UE CONTEXT RELEASE target eNB  Purpose:  To signal to the source eNB that control plane resources for the handed over UE context can be released  Upon reception of the UE CONTEXT RELEASE message.

All rights reserved. Ltd.Load Indication eNB1 LOAD INFORMATION eNB2  Purpose:  To transfer load and interference co-ordination information between intrafrequency neighboring eNBs  Main IE:  UL Interference Overload Indication UL High Interference Indication Relative Narrowband Tx Power (RNTP) Page36   Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. .

Ltd..Resource Status Reporting Initiation /Reporting eNB1 RESOURCE STATUS REQUEST RESOURCE STATUS UPDATE eNB2 eNB1 eNB2 RESOURCE STATUS RESPONSE  Purpose:  To request the reporting of load measurements to another eNB And to report the result of measurements requested by eNB1 using the Resource Status Reporting Initiation  Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Page37 .

. All rights reserved. . Ltd.X2 Setup eNB1 X2 SETUP REQUEST X2 SETUP RESPONSE eNB2 eNB1 X2 SETUP REQUEST X2 SETUP FAILURE eNB2 BB  Purpose:  To exchange application level data needed for two eNBs to interoperate correctly over the X2 interface  Main IE:  Served Cell Information  PhyCID and Cell ID (CGI) TAC Broadcast PLMNs UL EARFCN/DL EARFCN and Cell Transmission Bandwidth Page38    Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

. Elementary Procedures 3.Contents 1. Service signaling flow Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. Overview 2. Page39 .

Ltd. All rights reserved. NAS message (service negotiation) SAEB SETUP REQ RRC CONN RECFG RRC CONN RECFG CMP DRB2 setup Uplink information transfer SAEB SETUP RSP NAS: Session management response UPLINK NAS TRANSPORT Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. S-GW TEID) eNB S1 signaling connection ID 直直直直直直直直直直直直直 1. authentication INITIAL UE CONTEXT SETUP REQ SRB2 setup DRB1 setup RRC SECURITY MODE CMD RRC SECURITY MODE CMP RRC CONN RECFG RRC CONN RECFG CMP Uplink data could be sent INITIAL UE CONTEXT SETUP RSP bearer confirm (eNB TEID) NAS: Session management request Downlink data could be sent 直直直直直直直直直直直直直直直 2.. Page40 .Service request procedure UE E-NODEB PAGING RRC PAGING RRC CONN SETUP REQ MME NAS: Service request NAS: Service request INITIAL UE MESSAGE RRC CONN SETUP RRC CONN SETUP CMP eNB S1 signaling connection ID NAS: Service request MME S1 signaling connection ID Security context UE capability information Bearer setup (Qos profile.

All rights reserved.RRC CONN SETUP REQ Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd. Page 41 .

All rights reserved. Page 42 .RRC CONN SETUP Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd.

Page 43 ..RRC CONN SETUP CMP Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd.

Page 44 . All rights reserved.Direct transfer message of S1interface Initial UE Message eNB UE S1AP ID NAS-PDU TAI E-UTRAN CGI S-TMSI (O) CSG Identity (O) RRC Establishment cause GUMMEI (O) eNB Initial UE Message MME Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..

Direct transfer message of S1interface Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.. Page 45 . Ltd. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. Ltd..Direct transfer (Authentication & ciphering) Uu interface trace S1 interface trace Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page 46 .

Page 47 . Ltd. All rights reserved.S1 Initial Context Setup Request Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co..

All rights reserved. Page 48 .. Ltd.S1 Initial Context Setup Request Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.

.RRC Security Mode Command Security Mode Command Ciphering Algorithm Integrity Protection Algorithm UE Security Mode Command Security Mode Complete Security Mode Failure eNB Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page 49 . Ltd. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. Page 50 .UE capability report UE EUTRAN UECapabilityEnquiry UECapabilityInformation Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..

Ltd.. All rights reserved. UE EUTRAN RRCConnectionReconfiguration RRCConnectionReconfigurationComplete Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.RRC connection reconfiguration Used to establish SRB2 and default DRB1. Page 51 .

INITI UE CONTEXT SETUP RSP Initial Context Setup Response MME UE S1AP ID eNB UE S1AP ID E-RAB Setup List .Transport Layer Address .. Page 52 . All rights reserved. Ltd.GTP-TEID E-RAB Failed to Setup List (O) Criticality Diagnostics (O) eNB MME S-GW Initial Context Setup Request Initial Context Setup Response eNB Address and TEID E-RAB ID = 5 Modify Bearer S-GW Address and TEID Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co.E-RAB ID .

INITI UE CONTEXT SETUP RSP Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd.. Page 53 .

Ltd..Service request procedure Uu interface trace S1 interface trace Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Page 54 . All rights reserved.

Page55 .. The procedure will move the UE from ECMCONNECTED to ECM-IDLE in both the UE and MME. S1-AP: S1 UE Context Release Command 5. and all UE related context information is deleted in the eNodeB Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. S1-AP: S1 UE Context Release Complete  Purpose:  To release the logical S1-AP signalling connection (over S1-MME) and all S1 bearers (in S1-U) for a UE. Ltd.S1 release procedure UE eNodeB MME Serving GW 1. Update Bearer Response 4. All rights reserved. RRC Connection Release 6. S1-AP: S1 UE Context Release Request 2. Update Bearer Request 3.

Tracking Area Update procedure  See notes for details Page56 Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. . All rights reserved. End marker 5 Path Switch Request Ack 6 Release Resource 7. Ltd.. End marker 4.Intra EUTRAN X2-based handover without Serving GW relocation UE Source eNodeB Target eNodeB Downlink and uplink data Measurement report Handover decision Handover request MME Serving GW PDN GW Handover request ack Handover command Forwarding of data Downlink data Handover completion Uplink data 1 Path Switch Request 2 User Plane Update Request 3 User Plane Update Response Downlink data 4.

Intra EUTRAN X2-based handover with Serving GW relocation UE Source eNodeB Target eNodeB Downlink and uplink data Handover preparation MME Source Target Serving GW Serving GW PDN GW Handover execution Forwarding of data Downlink data Handover completion Uplink data 1. Update Bearer Response 6. Release Resource 7a. Ltd. Path Switch Request Ack Uplink data 3a. Delete Bearer Response 8. Page57 . Delete Bearer Request (B) 7b. Update Bearer Request (A) 3b. Tracking Area Update procedure Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Create Bearer Response Downlink data 5. Create Bearer Request 4. All rights reserved.. Path Switch Request 2.

Only for Indirect forwarding of data Detach from old cell and synchronize to new cell 12. 8a. Create Bearer Request 8. Create Bearer Request 5. Handover Command 11a. Handover Command 10. Page58 . Only for Direct forwarding of data 11b. Create Bearer Response 5a Handover Request Acknowledge 6. Handover Notify Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Create Bearer Response 7. All rights reserved. Handover Confirm Downlink data Uplink User Plane data 13. Handover Request 4a. Forward Relocation Request 4. Handover Required 3.Intra EUTRAN S1-based handover UE Source eNodeB Source Target MME eNodeB Downlink User Plane data Target MME Source Serving GW Target Serving GW PDN GW HSS 1. Ltd. Forward Relocation Response . Create Bearer Response 9. Create Bearer Request 6a.. Decision to trigger a relocation via S1 2.

Tracking Area Update procedure 19c. Update Bearer Response Downlink User Plane data 18. Forward Relocation Complete 14b. UE Context Release Command (A) 16a. Delete Bearer Request 20b. Forward Relocation Complete Acknowledge 15.. Update Bearer Response Copyright © 2010 Huawei Technologies Co. Delete Bearer Response 21a. All rights reserved. UE Context Release Complete 19d. Page59 . Update Bearer Request 16. Ltd.Intra EUTRAN S1-based handover UE Source eNodeB Target eNodeB Source MME Target MME Source Serving GW Target Serving GW PDN GW HSS 14. Update Bearer Request 17. Delete Bearer Response 20a. Delete Bearer Response 19a. Delete Bearer Request (B) 19b. Delete Bearer Request 21b.

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