Presented by Rohan Chopra (1353) Rohit Sachdeva (1355

)

Wireless

 Wireless is the transfer of information over a distance

without the use of electrical conductors or wires. The distances involved may be short (a few meters as in television remote control) or long (thousands or millions of kilometers for radio

communications).

History of wireless
 The first wireless transmitters went on the air in the early

20th century using radiotelegraphy Later, as modulation, made it possible to transmit voices and music via wireless, the medium came to be called "radio." With the advent of television, fax, data communication, and the effective use of a larger portion of the spectrum, the term "wireless" has been resurrected.

Why Wireless?
 Delivers real time information.
 Helps in quick and accurate decision making.  Continuous supply of information whenever needed.

 Increases productivity.
 Reduces costs via more accurate and timely data capture.  Incorporate professionalism in the working in the

organization.

Wireless can be divided into:  Fixed wireless  Mobile wireless  Portable wireless  IR wireless .

Fixed Wireless .

Mobile Wireless .

Portable Wireless .

IR Wireless .

Examples of Wireless Equipment Used today           Cellular phones and pagers Global Positioning System (GPS) Cordless computer peripherals Cordless telephone sets Home-entertainment-system control boxes Remote garage-door openers Two-way radios Baby monitors Satellite Television Wireless LAN or local area networks .

Commonly used wireless media  Radio Waves  Microwave Transmission  Light wave Transmission .

Frequency Ranges for Communications Media and Devices .

 Communication satellites are used for geographically dispersed organizations. .Basis of wireless media  All wireless media rely on various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum.  Microwave systems transmit high-frequency radio signals through the atmosphere.

Types of wireless networks  Wireless local area networks  Personal area networks  Wide area networks/ Metropolitan Area Network  Mobile Device Networks .

Wireless Technology offers  Flexible business processes  Business processes not limited by time or space  New channel for communicating with client  Source of new products and services .

Devices for Wireless Transmission  Paging systems  E-mail handhelds  Cellular telephones  Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs)  Smart phones .

high-end phones with more advanced capabilities  Global positioning system (GPS) devices  Wireless debit/credit card payment terminals . Examples of mobile IT devices include:  Laptop computers  Palmtop computers or personal digital assistants  Mobile phones and 'smart phones' .Mobile technology Mobile technology is exactly what the name implies technology that is portable.

Customer Personalization with the Ubiquitous Internet .

Mobile devices can be enabled to use a variety of communications technologies such as:  Wireless fidelity (WiFi)  Bluetooth  Third generation (3G) and 4G  Global system for mobile communications (GSM)  General packet radio service (GPRS)  Data services dial-up services  Virtual private networks .

802.11a.11b. 802.11g  Infrastructure mode: Devices use access point to communicate with wired network  Ad-hoc mode (peer-to-peer): Wireless devices communicate directly with each other .Wi-Fi  Three standards: 802.

Bluetooth  Can link up to 8 devices in 10-m area  Low power requirements Bluetooth can effectively provide connectivity between a mobile device and the following other device types:  Printers  PDAs  Mobile phones  LCD projectors  Wireless LAN devices  Notebooks and desktop PCs. .

A Bluetooth Network (PAN) .

Cellular Network Standards and Generations Standards:  Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM)  Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) .

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Emerging Wireless Technologies  First Generation wireless technology  Second Generation wireless technology  Third Generation wireless technology  Fourth Generation wireless technology .

5G: Interim step toward 3G in the United States  3G: High-speed.Cellular Generations  1G: Analog cellular networks for voice communication  2G: Digital wireless networks. limited data transmission capability  2. instant messaging . mobile. always-on transmission for e-mail. supports video and other rich media. primarily for voice communication. Web browsing.

. refers to the entirely new evolution and a complete 3Greplacement communications.4G  4G. which is also known as “beyond 3G” or “fourth-generation” cell phone technology. Just as data-transmission speeds increased in wireless from 2G to 3G. the leap from 3G to 4G again promises even higher data rates than existed in previous generations.

Can any Body tell what it’s depicts? .

Wireless growth around the world .

Wireless Gaming .

Cisco audio-system-croppedthumb .

A schematic of a typical home network .

Karoke-wireless-microphone-setfor-DVD-PS2-PS3-PC-wii .

Logitech-VX-Revolution-wirelessErgonomic-Mouse .

Wireless MP3 .

Wireless Mouse .

Cam coder .

WIRELESS REVOLUTION .

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video and music. and create new products and services . increase flexibility. Internet access.IMPACT OF WIRELESS REVOLUTION  Mobile phones have become mobile platforms for delivering digital data. used for recording and downloading photos. and transmitting payments  An array of technologies provides high-speed wireless access to the Internet for PCs and other wireless handheld devices and cell phones  Businesses increasingly use wireless to cut costs.

moving. suppliers. and making network changes by using wireless networks. .Business Value of Wireless Networking  Wireless communication helps businesses easily stay in touch with customers.  Wireless networking increases worker productivity and output. as workers take less time to establish contact with people and to access information.  Companies can save on wiring offices. and employees.

Wireless in Health Care  Electronic Medical Record (EMR) retrieval  Wireless note taking for patient charts  Lab test results  Prescription generation  Medical databases .

ADVANTAGES  Mobility  Flexible Layout  Cost effective  Maintenance and Expansion  Easier to use  Increase efficiency .

 Compatibility of various devices can be a problem.  Range of signals.DISADVANTAGES  Security is where many wireless network lose out.  Sudden failure can be there.  Wireless networks are unreliable. .

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