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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. What is Femtocell? What is THE FMC Concept. How could it be implemented? History of Femtocell. Which is the coolest femtocell. How does it look from behind? How fast can it go? Users benefits. Operators’ benefits. Things to be addressed? What Femto World is trying to address. Which mouse gets the cheese? Final Thoughts.
What is FemtoCell?
What is FemtoCell 4 .
7 cm 5 .What is FemtoCell Ratio of the earth’s crust and the cooking pan Radius of the gold atom : 0.13 nm radius of earth crust : 6376 km Cooking pan : 35.
It also decreases backhaul costs since it routes your mobile phone traffic through the IP network. A femtocell is sometimes referred to as a “home base station”.without the need for expensive cellular towers.What is Femtocell A femtocell is a small cellular base station designed for use in residential or small business environments. A femtocell allows service providers to extend service coverage inside of your home . 6 .especially where access would otherwise be limited or unavailable . It connects to the service provider’s network via broadband (such as DSL or cable) and typically supports 2 to 5 mobile phones in a residential setting. “access point base station”. “3G access point”. “small cellular base station” and “personal 2G-3G base station”.
What is THE FMC Concept? FMC: Fixed Mobile Convergence converge verb [I] 1. they gradually become similar. If lines. 3 to come from other places to meet in a particular place: convergence noun [C or U] 7 . they move towards the same point where they join or meet: 2 If ideas and opinions converge. roads or paths converge.
How could it be implemented? Cellular Base Station (Picocell) Approach 8 .
How might it be implemented? Collapsed Stack Approach 9 .
10 . SIP: Session Initiation Protocol.How could it be implemented? All IP SIP/IMS Approach IMS : IP Multimedia Subsystem.
How could it be implemented? Collapsed Stack with UMA Backhaul Approach 11 .
How could it be implemented? Collapsed Stack with UMA Backhaul Approach 12 .
How could it be implemented? 13 .
The original design was intended to provide a direct equivalent to a WiFi access point. a group of engineers at Motorola in Swindon. requiring only a data connection to the Internet or WiFi core network. and the invention and development of the access point base station (ie. Femtocell). The unit contained all the core network elements and did not require a cellular core network. Some of their major achievements included the world's smallest full-power UMTS base station. called the "AFG". started a skunkworks team. England. one of the first demonstrations of television to mobile. but for mobile cellular (UMTS. 14 . CDMA2000 or WiMAX).History of FemtoCell According to Wikipedia In 2002. to develop new technologies.
15 .Which is the coolest FemtoCell.
How does it look form behind? 16 .
-Evolved HSPA provides HSPA data rates up to 42 Mbit/s on the downlink and 22 Mbit/s on the uplink with MIMO technologies and higher order modulation.2 Mbps and 14.How fast can it go? -2. 17 .5 G -The femtocell will be 2G GSM technology. supporting data services through GPRS and EDGE which typically offer up to 384kbit/s.4 Mbps HSDPA data rates to consumers in indoor environments. -3G UMTS HSPA -Femtocells add network capacity and make it possible to deliver 7.
4 Mbit/s Uplink 86. more practically 10 Mbit/s at 10 km.5GHz 70Mbit/s WiMAX Quoted speeds only achievable at very short ranges.How fast can it go? WiMAX 802.16e 3. 18 . LTE Downlink 326.4 Mbit/s LTE-Advanced update to offer over 1 Gbit/s speeds.
-Reduced “in home” call charges. -Fast/Higher performance 3G services. -Improved indoor coverage (Base station in your bedroom). -Reduced battery drain. -Continued use of current handset.Users benefits. 19 .
20 . -Provides capacity enhancements. -Where there is ADSL you can have mobility. -Improves coverage. -Stimulates 3G usage. -Easy Radio Coverage for rural areas. -Reduces backhaul traffic. -Addresses the fixed mobile convergence market with a highly attractive and efficient solution.Operators’ benefits. -Reduces churn.
-Lawful interception. -Spectrum.Things to be addressed. -Air Interface. -Network integration. -Quality of service. -Handover. -Equipment location. -Access control. -Spectrum accuracy. -Interference. 21 . -Emergency calls.
What Femto World is trying to address. -Integrated gateways/devices with Wi-Fi 22 . -Femtocell Provisioning – How is zero touch installation and deployment going to be obtained? -Standards and Regulatory Dimension -Femtocell Security – How will security issues and QoS over backhaul will be solved? -Managing millions of femtocell devices. -What is the Femtocell Business Model and Deployment Options? -Femtocell Evolotion – How will femtocells evolve alongside 4G technologies such as WiMAX and LTE? -Network Integrations and Scalability Issues – What is the best way to integrate femtocells into the operators network. -ABI Research predicts 102 million users worldwide by 2011.
-Analysis of different fraud scenarios (national usage. -The security architecture for UMA and Femtocells. -Analysis of different forms of attack: SIM cloning. -What are the pricing and marketing challenges? -What are the different deployment and what collaborations and partnerships are required to deliver? -Will Femtocell became multi-operator devices or an independent indoor network that users on different network could room to? -Can we achieve the capacity and QoS by using current subscribers’ IP backhaul. access to UMA without SIM. international usage). 23 .What Femto World is trying to address.
Which mouse gets the cheese? The first movers advantage. vs The second mouse gets the cheese. 24 .
The sand rule 25 .
The Question is How FemtoCells will evolve along side 4G technologies such as WiMAX LTE. They will definitely be in our lives. 26 .Final Thoughts These technologies are brothers and sisters.
-HSPA : High Speed Packet Access. -UNC : UMA Network Controller. -GAN : Generic Access Network.Appendix -FMC : Fixed Mobile Convergence. -Node B : Picocell. -UMTS : Universal Mobile Telecommunications System. -Wi-Fi : Wireless Fidelity. -HSUPA : High Speed Uplink Packet Access. -RNC : Radio Network Controller. -UMA: Unlicensed Mobile Access. -HNB : Home Node B (Femtocell). -HSDPA : High Speed Downlink Packet Access. . 27 -DSL : Digital Subscriber Line.
28 . -Iub : user voice.5G-mode (A/Gb interfaces). data.cell broadcast protocol. -MIMO : Multiple-input multiple. -SIP: Session Initiation Protocol. -WiMAX : Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WirelessMAN). -LTE : 3GPP Long Term Evolution.Appendix -IMS : IP Multimedia Subsystem. -Upi : The Up interface defined in the 3GPP UMA standard is currently being extended to support end-user devices wishing to communicate to mobile core network in 3Gmode (Iu core interface) in addition to 2. -Iuh : extended Iub.output . -3GPP: The 3rd Generation Partnership Project .
org/wiki/Generic_Access_Network https://entry.org/wiki/Femtocell http://www.uk/media/images/44020000/jpg/_44020625_femto_phone_203.tatarasystems.html http://developer.net/embedded-system/images/radioframe-femtocell-base-station.com/cuttingedge/April_08/femtocell.thinkfemtocell.files.References http://en.com/images/stories/femto/backside_netgear_dsl_femtocell_dvg834gh.jpg http://www.html http://www.wikipedia.wordpress.credit-suisse.org/wiki/Wi-Fi http://www.motorola.wikipedia.uk/multimedia/archive/00393/snn2335v280_393380a.jpg http://embedded-system.airwalkcom.wikipedia.jpg/ http://3ginthehome.info/copy_images/ubiquisys-lg.jpg http://www.jpg http://img.gawker.org/Newsletters/March2007/Kineto_Femtocells.gif http://cache.com/2008/01/oyster-3g-ap-uprght.thinkfemtocell.openbasestation.png http://newsimg.com/Opinion/The-Femtocell-MegaHub.gif http://digital-lifestyles.ch/csfs/p/b2c/en/privatebanking/services/nanotech/wasistnano.veracomp.bbc.gadgets-weblog.com/ http://en.thesun.com/files/umts_single.jpg http://www.com/what-is-wifi.com/contentmgr/showdetails.thinkfemtocell.co.htm http://www.com/assets/images/4/2008/03/thumb160x_Airvana_Hubbub_Femtocell_CDMA.wisegeek.thinkfemtocell.co.wikipedia.org/wiki/WiMAX http://www.php/id/444 29 .jsp http://www.pl/images/doc_19053_0_FemtocellStanding34LftHiRes.htm http://en.com/assets/images/EdgePoint.airvananet.com/50226711/airave-f.dialaphone.uk/blog/?p=1244 http://en.jpg http://www.co.jpg http://www.jpg http://www.com/Femtocell/Hay-Systems.
Thank you 30 .
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