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Overhand Knot Half Hitch Half Knot Square (Reef) Knot Sheet Bend (Becket Bend): Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Slip Knot Noose Knot
Albright Knot Arbor Knot Australian Braid Knot Bimini Twist Knot Blood Knot Dropper Loop Duncan (Uni) Knot Improved Clinch Knot Nail Knot Non‐Slip Mono Knot Orvis Knot Palomar Knot Perfection Loop Rapala Knot Snell Knot Surgeon's Knot Surgeon's Loop Knot Trilene Knot
Alpine Butterfly Bend Alpine Butterfly or Linesman's Loop Anchor Hitch Ashley Bend Ashley (Oysterman) Stopper Knot The Bowline Bowline on a Bight Running Bowline Buntline Hitch Carrick Bend Chain Splice Cleat Hitch (Deck) Cleat Hitch (Halyard) Clove Hitch (Half Hitches) Constrictor Knot Double Overhand Knot Eye Splice Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Highwayman's Hitch Hunter's Bend Icicle Hitch (Loop Method) Lighterman's Hitch Mooring Hitch Poacher's Knot Rat Tail Stopper Rolling (Taut Line) Hitch Round Turn and Two Half Hitches Sheet Bend (Becket Bend) Short Splice Square Knot (Reef) Tumble Hitch Zeppelin Bend .
Alpine Butterfly Bend Alpine Butterfly Loop (Lineman's Loop) Blake's Hitch Bowline Knot Chain Sinnet (Monkey Braid) Clove Hitch using Half Hitches Directional Figure 8 Loop Distel Hitch Double Fisherman's or Grapevine Bend Double Overhand Stopper Knot Figure 8 Bend (Flemish Bend) Double Figure 8 Loop ("Bunny Ears") Figure 8 Follow Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch) Klemheist (Machard. French Prusik) Knot Munter Mule Combination Hitch One‐Handed Bowline Prusik Knot (Triple Sliding Hitch) Water Knot (Ring Bend) Zeppelin Bend .
Alpine Butterfly or Linesman's Loop Barrel Hitch The Bowline Clove Hitch (Half Hitches) Common Whipping Constrictor Cow Hitch Double Fisherman's or Grapevine Bend Double Overhand Knot Eye Splice Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Half Hitch Square Lashing Diagonal Lashing Round Lashing Shear Lashing Tripod Lashing Rolling (Taut Line) Hitch Round Turn and Two Half Hitches Sheet Bend (Becket Bend) Sheepshank Square Knot (Reef) Timber Hitch Trucker's Hitch (Lorry. Harvester's) . Haymaker's.
The Bowline Clove Hitch (Half Hitches) Distel Hitch Double Fisherman's or Grapevine Bend Double Overhand Knot Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Figure 8. Bend or Join Figure 8 Follow Figure 8 Double Loop ("Bunny Ears") Figure 9 Loop Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch) Handcuff Knot Hasty (Emergency) Webbing Harness Prusik Knot or Triple Sliding Hitch Tensionless Hitch Water Knot . or Flemish.
Back Splice Eye Splice Chain Splice Brummel Demo Locked Brummel Slice Brummel McDonald Long Bury Splice Short Splice Sliding Splice by Grog .
Chain Stitch or Monkey Braid Braid a Single Rope Cobra Knot Wall Knot Matthew Walker Wall. Sliding Splice by Grog Monkey's Fist Turk's Head (Woggle) Lanyard Knot Celtic Knot Mat Masthead Knot Mat Carrick Bend Mat Ocean Plait Mat Crown Sinnet Chain Sinnet. and Manrope Knot . Crown.
Sailmaker's Whipping Common Whipping West Country Whipping Figure 8 Flake Rope Care/Cleaning Coil Unattached Rope Coil Attached Rope Flemish Bend Crown Knot Back Splice .
Pass the end of the other (blue. thicker if unequal). Then pass the end back through the loop next to itself. to join the fly line to the fly‐reel backing line. pull the knot tight. It is often used. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Albright Knot Tying Form a loop in one line (gold. Albright Knot ‐ Για δεσίματα μισινέζας διαφορετικών διαμέτρων (Shock Leader) The Albright Knot is used to join monofilament lines of different sizes. for example. and trim the ends. thinner) line through the loop and wrap it neatly around itself and the loop 10 times. Lubricate.
It helps to hold the loops under your fingers as you wind the line on. It is important to wind the loops neatly round this loop.com/albright/index. It is only moderately easy to tie but it is suitable for joining different types of fishing line.animatedknots. or Braided to Wire. Tying it: The initial loop is made in the larger line. Some anglers coat the knot with a rubber‐based cement to make it even smoother and more secure.com .php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Monofilament to Braided..jpg&Website=www. Advantages: The Albright is well suited to slide readily through the guides when a fish pulls out enough line to reach your backing. http://www.13 14 15 Albright Knot Details Uses: The Albright Knot is a versatile knot that has a wide range of uses. e. It is commonly used to join the fly line to the backing line but can be used whenever you wish to join two fishing lines together. It is also useful when joining monofilaments with markedly different diameters.anim atedknots.g.
Alpine Butterfly Bend
The Alpine Butterfly Bend provides a secure method of joining two pieces of rope. It is based on the better known Alpine Butterfly Loop. This page provides links to three other very closely related bends: Ashley, Hunter's, and Zeppelin.
Alpine Butterfly Bend Tying
Join the two ends temporarily. Wind the rope around your hand so that the join is by your finger tips. Go around again. Fold the join back and then up under the other ropes. Push the knot off your hand and tighten to see the appearance of the Alpine Butterfly. Finally, release the temporary join.
Similar: Alpine Butterfly, Ashley, Hunter's, Zeppelin
Alpine Butterfly Bend Details
Uses: The Alpine Butterfly Bend is derived from the Alpine Butterfly, or Lineman's, Loop (ABOK # 1053, p 191). It is one in a family of knots based on interlocking overhand knots. It is a reliable bend used to join two ropes of roughly similar size and can be untied even after being heavily loaded. The Alpine Butterfly Bend version enjoys a good reputation ‐ probably because of its association with the better known Alpine Butterfly Loop. Similar Knots: The Alpine Butterfly Bend is remarkably similar to several other bends including the Zeppelin, the Hunter's, and the Ashley. Essentially these knots employ interlocking overhand knots with the ends threaded through or across the middle. David M. Delaney tested these bends and the Carrick Bend for their tendency to jam. He heavily loaded the knots tied in 1/16 inch braided nylon. The Ashley and the Hunter consistently jammed tight and would have had to be cut to release them. The Alpine Butterfly Bend, the Zeppelin, and the Carrick could all be untied easily using fingers and fingernails. Amongst the family of bends based on linked overhand knots, it would seem prudent to avoid the Ashley and the Hunter's. Tying it: Several methods are described for tying it. We devised the method which is used in the animation. It is an improvement on other "hand‐winding" methods and helps locate the junction and where it is to be tucked. This simple technique sets the Alpine Butterfly Bend apart and makes it one of our preferred options. Variation: Our technique does not require the ends to be joined. After the initial wrap, tuck the end of the first rope between your fingers. Then tuck the end of the second rope beside the first and complete the wrap. The two ends can then be passed together as though they were taped. Evil Impostor: Correct tying is critical. Roo illustrates the Evil Impostor which results from threading the ends incorrectly. The Hand‐Wrapping technique introduced here is designed to avoid this risk. Advantages: The Loop version enjoys the reputation of reliably accepting strain between the ends or between the loop and either end. In this version the loop doesn't exist and the strain only falls between the two ends. It has a reputation for strength and reliability. The big advantage of the Alpine Butterfly Bend is its similarity to the Alpine Butterfly Loop ‐ which means learning only one widely trusted knot – and one that is easy to undo even after a heavy load. Breaking Strain: The Alpine Butterly Bend, like the other similar knots, passes the strain around the pair of ends in the middle. This double thickness should minimize the kinking and help to preserve strength. Indeed, the knot is commonly described as "one of the strongest". However, some quoted breaking strains are as low as 53% to 58% – similar to breaking strains for many other knots. http://www.animatedknots.com/alpinebend/index.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www. animatedknots.com
Alpine Butterfly or Linesman's Loop
The Alpine Butterfly provides a secure loop in the middle of a piece of rope. Strain can be applied from the loop to either end or between the two ends.
Alpine Butterfly Loop (Lineman's Loop) Tying
Wrap the rope around your hand twice. At the end of turn one, position the rope close to your fingertips. Continue around and complete turn two back near your thumb. Pick up the turn near your fingertips. Wrap it around the other two turns. Slide the knot off your hand and tighten by pulling on the loop and the ends.
Alpine Butterfly Loop (Lineman's Loop) Details
Features: What is now known as the Alpine Butterfly Loop was described twice by Ashley: Lineman's Loop (ABOK # 1053, p 191); and Harness Loop (ABOK # 532, p 87). It provides a secure loop in the middle of a piece of rope. Load
can be safely applied: from the loop to either end of the rope; between the two ends with the loop hanging free; or to the loop with the load spread between the two ends. Uses: It is useful anytime a secure loop is required in the middle of a rope. A good example is when a line of hikers wish to hook on along the length of a shared rope or as a possible option for the first part of a Trucker's Hitch. Tying it: There are several methods for tying it. We devised the method that is used in the animation. It is an improvement on other "hand‐winding" methods. It helps locate the loop: the second crossing of your hand is near your fingertips and away from the other two turns. This helps you to locate it, pick it up, and wrap it around the other two strands. Setting the knot usually requires holding the loop in your teeth and pulling both ends with your hands. Advantages: It is more stable than either the Bowline on a Bight or the Figure 8 Loop ‐ both of which may roll over. Even after a heavy load, the Alpine Butterfly Loop remains reasonably easy to undo. In addition, it teaches the technique for tying the Alpine Butterfly Bend. This familiarity is one of the reasons that we prefer the Alpine Butterfly Bend over the other similar bends such as the Zeppelin, the Hunter's, and the Ashley. http://www.animatedknots.com/alpinebutterfly/index.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=w ww.animatedknots.com
The Anchor Hitch ‐ or Fisherman's Hitch ‐ is suitable to attach a line to an anchor. It is like a Round Turn and Two Half Hitches with the first Half Hitch passed under the first round turn. Add one or more Half Hitches for security.
Anchor Hitch (Fisherman's Hitch) Tying
Pass the tail twice around the post keeping the second turn slack. Pass the tail over the standing end and under the original slack turn to tie the first Half Hitch. Continue around the standing end to tie the second Half Hitch and complete the knot. The Anchor Hitch is different from a round turn and two Half Hitches in that the first Half Hitch passes under the first round turn. This view shows the knot loosened to show the first Half Hitch passing through the round turn.
Anchor Hitch (Fisherman's Hitch) Details
Uses: The Anchor Hitch, or Bend, (ABOK # 1841, p 309) is also known as the Fisherman's Hitch, or Bend. It is an excellent knot to use for attaching an anchor line to an anchor. Logically, as a knot to attach rope to an object, it should always be called a hitch. However, the name Bend derives from a time when it covered "tied to" and was not restricted to joining two ropes. Comparison: It is very similar to the Round Turn and Two Half Hitches, so similar that it is doubtful if there is much benefit in using one knot over the other. This is partly because, if either knot were being used to secure an anchor line to an anchor, most people would add one or two extra Half Hitches. Many would also seize the tail to the standing end for additional security. http://www.animatedknots.com/anchor/index.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www.anim atedknots.com
The Arbor Knot is used to attach the fishing line to the fishing reel or, as its name suggests, to the arbor.
Arbor Knot Tying
Pass the fishing line round the arbor. With the free end, tie an overhand knot around the line. Then tie a second overhand knot in the free end to act as a stopper. Finally, slide the knots down tight against the arbor.
Arbor Knot Details
Uses: The Arbor Knot is used to attach the fishing line to the "Arbor" or "Spool Center". In fact the Arbor Knot is really based on a noose knot and, therefore, pulling tightens it. Tying it: When the Arbor is accessible, the easiest way to tie the Arbor knot is to create a Noose, drop it on the Arbor and pull it to tighten it. If you make a Slip Knot by mistake it will just pull undone. Alternatively, as shown in the animation, pass the free end around the Arbor and use it to tie an overhand knot around the line. The extra overhand knot in the tag end is essential. As the knot is tightened it snugs down against the Arbor. Some fishermen recommend winding the loop twice round the Arbor before making the first Half Hitch. This increases the friction, which may be useful on some of the more polished reels. Advantages: The Arbor knot is simple, easily learned and effective.
Then pull the tail tight and finally the standing end. Double Overhand 11 3‐Lobe pattern . The underside of the knot shows three separate lobes. Pass the loop in the standing end through the other loop and then tuck the tail through it. Tighten the Half Knot first. Figure 8. This page also provides links to other stopper knots. Ashley (Oysterman) Stopper Knot The Ashley makes a reliable bulky stopper knot in the end of a rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Compare: Ashley. Ashley Stopper Knot (Oysterman's) Tying Make a bight and fold it into two loops.
stopper it deserves to be more widely known. Tying it: The knot is satisfyingly easy to tie with a diagram in front of you. the Double Overhand is more widely used ‐ for good reason ‐ it is far less likely to just shake loose. In climbing. and finally the standing end. It is a pleasure to acknowledge Dan Lehman and Michael Schuh for making me photograph this knot correctly ‐ thank you both! Tightening the Knot: Ashley emphasizes that to make a secure stopper.. and the Figure 8. the Half Knot MUST be pulled snug first (shown tightening in frames 6 and 7 of the animation) . Ashley's description is that the knot ". Similar Knots: The Ashley Stopper Knot should be compared to other knots commonly used as stoppers including the Double Overhand. . It also forms the basis for tying the Double Fisherman's and the Poacher's or Double Overhand Noose. secure. It is an excellent bulky stopper knot. Advantages: As a bulky.has three rim parts.. It is far less prone to shake loose than the figure 8 knot and is the bulkiest of the simple stoppers. p 86). and these are quite symmetrical when viewed from the underside". In boating. Then the tail should be pulled. even though it has a tendency to come undone far too readily.Ashley Stopper Knot (Oysterman's) Details Uses: The Ashley Stopper Knot is the name now commonly given to a knot described by Ashley as the Oysterman's Stopper (ABOK # 526. the Figure 8 is particularly common. This 3‐lobed structure can be seen in the final Frame. It is also surprisingly easy to get it wrong ‐ as I found out the hard way by getting the animation wrong initially.
Ashley Bend The Ashley Bend is tied using two interlocking overhand knots. the Hunter's. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Side view Similar: Alpine Butterfly. Testing by Ashley indicated that it was a reliable knot with very little tendency to slip. and then up through the middle staying close to its own standing end. Interlock the two bights. Tightening naturally rotates each end around the other to finish adjacent to the other standing end ‐ as shown in the side view. and the Alpine Butterfly Bend. Similar Knots: The Ashley Bend is remarkably similar to several other bends including the Zeppelin. Hunter's. Pass each end over itself. It is used to join two ropes of roughly similar size. It is one in a family of knots based on interlocking overhand knots. Zeppelin Ashley Bend Details Uses: The Ashley Bend is the name now given to a knot described by Ashley merely by number (ABOK # 1452). Tied the way he employed for the testing. Delaney tested these bends and the Carrick Bend for their tendency to jam. under both ropes. Essentially these knots employ interlocking overhand knots with the ends threaded through or across the middle. the Ashley . Ashley. It can be hard to untie after being heavily loaded. It provides a secure method if joining two ropes together. He heavily loaded the knots tied in 1/16 inch braided nylon. Ashley Bend Tying Form a bight in each rope. David M.
and the Hunter's consistently jammed tight and would have had to be cut to release them.a nimatedknots. and the Carrick could all be untied easily using fingers and fingernails. The Alpine Butterfly Bend. it is tied easily by wrapping the rope round the hand. the Zeppelin. The Ashley tends to jam and offers no unique advantage to justify its use.animatedknots. Choice: The similarity to other bends employing interlocking overhand knots invites confusion ‐ and mistakes.com . http://www. To minimize the risk of jamming. uniquely.com/ashleybend/index. the ends should be arranged as shown and observed during tightening to ensure that they rotate to remain adjacent to the other standing end. Tying it: The arrangement of the interlocking loops and the path of the ends through the center are critical.jpg&Website=www.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. We recommend the Zeppelin because it resists jamming and the Alpine Butterfly Bend because.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . It is created by braiding or plaiting the line. Trim the tag end. It is a called a 100% knot because the breaking strain is close to that of new. Pull the original loop through the bight. Australian Braid Knot Tying Form a loop leaving a long tag end. Lubricate and then tighten the bight by pulling smoothly on the tag end. unknotted line. Australian Braid Knot The Australian Braid creates a loop on the end of the line. Braid the loop and tag end tightly together (the actual braid length depends on the line weight). Complete the braid using a bight in the tag end.
Sudden jerks generate heat due to friction and are more likely to cause failure at lower breaking strains. wet. its supporters claim it is easier to learn and quicker to tie.ani matedknots. As few men are used to braiding.animatedknots. Tying it: The animation above demonstrates the technique but. and without too great a shock loading. only shows a small number of braids. Recommendations: The values in the table are based on recommendations from Leadertec and shows the recommended length of braid for different fishing lines.jpg&Website=www.13 14 15 16 17 18 Australian Braid Knot Details Uses: The Australian Braid (or Plait) is an alternative to the Bimini Twist and creates a strong loop for use as a double‐line leader on the end of a fishing line which can then be used for a loop‐to‐loop connection.com/australian/index. However. In practice this knot requires a lengthy braid to work well. Line in lbs Braid in inches Up to 6 1" 8‐12 2" 16‐20 3" 30 6" 50 and up 8" http://www. I have not found reports of careful laboratory testing for the Australian Braid ‐ and results in use almost certainly vary. like the Bimini Twist. if you are a male reader and have a daughter. is claimed to preserve 100% of the line's breaking strain. It also presents the smallest diameter. try and persuade her to make the braids for you. for photography. Techniques: An additional safeguard to prevent unraveling is provided by a spot of rubber glue over the trimmed tag end. Advantages: This braid transfers the strain gradually to the knot over a considerable length. these remarkable results are obtained in the laboratory and may also be obtained under ideal conditions ‐ cooled.com .php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Although it is not nearly so well known as the Bimini Twist. Breaking Strain: The Australian Braid (or Plait).
Complete a second and a third set of tucks to complete the back splice. Back Splice Tying Form a Crown Knot by passing each strand over its neighbor and then tighten the knot. Splice each strand into the rope by passing it over and under alternate strands in the standing end. Back Splice The Back Splice provides a quick and convenient way of preventing the end of a three strand rope fraying. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . A crown knot is formed on the end of the rope and the strands are spliced back into the standing end of the rope.
About three complete "tucks" are sufficient as no load is applied to a back splice. Structure: The back splice consists of two parts: a Crown (on left) to redirect the strands back towards the standing end.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Back Splice Details Uses: The Back Splice (ABOK # 2813. p 462) provides a secure method of preventing the end of a rope from fraying. . and the braiding to tuck the ends into the standing strands.
Advantages: No additional tools or equipment are required and it is easily learned and quickly tied. It should be regarded as temporary. Common. and replaced with a whipping.Finishing: Finishing the Back Splice neatly is not essential. a whipping is preferred ‐ see Sailmakers. . For most purposes. Disadvantages: It makes a bulky end to a rope and usually prevents the rope's end from passing though blocks and pulleys. Leaving the ends long increases the security of the splice with little penalty. or West Country whipping.
Barrel Hitch The Barrel Hitch provides a secure method of lifting of barrels. Alternatively. create the figure 8 appearance. lay the Overhand Knot on the floor. Join the ends with a Bowline and lift. Making a Barrel Hitch Stand the barrel on the lifting rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 A B C . buckets and other containers. and place the barrel on the center and tighten. Tie an Overhand Knot across the top. Spread the Overhand Knot until it embraces the top of the barrel.
. D E Barrel Hitch Details Name: Ashley describes two methods of tying this hitch (ABOK # 2176 and 2177. and the second in which the Overhand Knot is laid out on the floor and then adjusted to resemble a figure 8 (Frames A to D). In fact. Also.) but didn't give either one a name. Warning: For stability. a barrel can also be lifted on its side using a Cow Hitch. With smooth and steady lifting. care must be taken to ensure that the rope is properly centered under the barrel. Barrel Hitch is generally used for both these techniques when lifting a barrel upright. However. the Barrel Hitch provides reasonable security and safety. Alternative Methods The animation shows two methods: the first in which the Overhand Knot is spread open across the top of the barrel (Frames 1 to 8). one common variation of the second method uses an actual Figure 8 Knot laid out on the floor instead. p 350. an arrangement known as a "Barrel Sling". the rope encircling the barrel must be well above the center of gravity but far enough below the top to avoid slipping off. Today.
Tighten and trim. Hold the knot and secure it with a Half Hitch and multi‐loop hitch (tuck tag end between the lines). With finger and thumb (brown sticks here) compress the twists to make the tag end wind tightly around the twists. It is created by twisting up a long loop of line. It is a called a 100% knot because the breaking strain is close to that of new. form a loop and twist it at least 20 complete turns. unknotted line. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Bimini Twist Knot The Bimini Twist creates a loop on the end of the line. Bimini Twist Knot Tying With a long tag end.
hooks. Although they are both shown. Options: The animation shows the knot being tied off with a Half Hitch followed by a multi‐turn hitch. This produces a smoother finished knot and is preferred by a growing number of fishermen. Although one team reported getting good results with about twelve turns. Tying it: The many of methods described to tie the Bimini Twist testify to its awkwardness. spare hands. the Half Hitch was actually untied to allow the animation to be finished with only the multi‐turn hitch. others have demonstrated that this fails and recommend about 30 turns for monofilament and more for braid. Many fishermen do use both. . and commercial knot makers have all been recommended. Knees.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Bimini Twist Knot Details Uses: The Bimini Twist is used to create a strong loop for use as a double‐line leader on the end of a fishing line that can then be used for a loop‐to‐loop connection. The animation above employed rope to make the knot visible ‐ but used only a fraction of the required number of turns.
It is better known and more widely used than the Australian Braid – which has similar properties and may be easier to learn.jpg&Website=www.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. is claimed to preserve 100% of the line's breaking strain.com . One severe shock test was made on a 70 turn Bimini Twist tied with 80 lb monofilament with no leader. wet.animat edknots. http://www. Breaking Strain The Bimini Twist. and may also be obtained while fishing ‐ cooled.com/bimini/index. Sudden jerks on dry line cause heating due to friction. these remarkable results are recorded under optimal conditions. This results in failure at lower breaking strains. and without too great a shock load. However. It failed at about 20 lb.animatedknots. Careful laboratory testing has shown that the knot fails under some conditions.Advantages: The strength of the Bimini Twist depends upon the strain being transferred gradually to the knot over a considerable length.
Tighten to achieve a tight. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Blake's Hitch Blake's hitch is a <strong>Slide and Grip</strong> (friction) Hitch designed to take strain in only one direction. It has some tendency to loosen and slip. it's easy to see the two turns above and the two turns below the point of exit for the free end. Bring the end back down. knot. neat. Blake's Hitch Tying Wrap the end of the line four times around the climbing rope. around itself. It is used by arborists for ascent and descent. and tuck it behind the climbing rope and under the first two turns so that it exits in the middle. When loose.
a Double Overhand or a Figure 8. However. Blake's Hitch itself should not be used for traction because pulling directly on the hitch loosens it and allows descent – unexpected and uncontrolled. Structure Blake's Hitch Details Uses: Blake's Hitch is a Friction. Pros and Cons: Like the Rolling Hitch. hitch.jpg&Website=www. Histroy: Blake's Hitch was first described by Heinz Prohaska in an Austrian Guides Periodical in 1981 and then again in the Nylon Highway #30 in May 1990..animatedknots.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Additional Security: For photography. In practice it is a stable knot which does not creep or roll along the rope. e. This maintains a pathway to make it easier to thread the line. or Slide and Grip. the free end has been kept short. Blake's has the advantage that it can be tied in the end of a piece of rope instead of requiring a Prusik Loop. Tying It: In practice it is an advantage to wind the first two turns while your thumb is inserted up alongside the climbing rope. in practice the end should be kept long. It is now widely known as Blake's Hitch and this name is used here.com/blakes/index. Note: This final threading must pass behind the main rope as shown. It is used by arborists for ascent and descent.g.anim atedknots.com . the strain should only be taken on the line below the hitch. Like other Slide and Grip Knots. http://www. Some writers used to suggest the addition of a stopper knot for security. However Jason Blake described it in a letter to the Arbor Age in 1994.
Wrap one end around the other line about six times. Tighten and trim. tucking the end back between the lines in the opposite direction. Blood Knot Δημιουργία θηλειάς The Blood Knot is used to join two fishing lines of similar size. Repeat the process with the other line. Tuck the end back between the lines. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Note: in nylon tightening this knot alters the appearance. Blood Knot Tying Overlap the two lines to be joined.
the knot changes its structure. when joining sections of leader or tippet. turns on each side of the center Pulling the Knot Tight: When lubricated and pulled tight. e. Pass the two ends the opposite way through the hole. and up to seven. http://www. easily learned and very effective way of joining two similar sized lines. Then go to the center of the twists and create a hole. The strength of the knot depends on making at least five. Whichever method is used.ani matedknots. It is primarily used to join two lines of similar size.com .animatedknots. Pulling on each line forces the wrapped turns to redistribute the twists so that the inner strand becomes an outer wrap (not illustrated in the animation using rope). the knot is usually symmetrical about the middle. it can be tied so that the wraps are mirror images of each other. Tying it: There are several methods of tying it. which provides a good picture of the structure.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Alternative: An alternative method is to just overlap the two ends and twist them together for about ten to fourteen turns. Advantages: The Blood knot is a simple.jpg&Website=www.g. and is one of the best knots for this purpose.. Although the twists usually continue in the same direction either side of the center as shown in the animation.13 14 15 Blood Knot Details Uses: The Blood Knot is a favorite knot for fly fisherman.com/bloodknot/index. The animation above shows each half being created separately.
. Two bowlines can be linked together to join two ropes. Name: The name Bowline derives from "bow line". when there is a load on the standing end. p 186) makes a reasonably secure loop in the end of a piece of rope. Bowline Knot Tying Form a small loop leaving enough rope for the desired loop size. or untied. With no load it can be untied easily. The Bow Line Knot secured the line holding the weather leech of a square sail forward to prevent it being taken aback. Bowline The Bowline makes a secure loop in the end of a piece of rope. it does not slip or bind. Under load. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Structure Bowline Knot Details Uses: The Bowline (ABOK # 1010.g. It can be used to secure a line to a ring or post. . It has many uses. a mooring line may have to be released under load. However. Pass the end of the rope through the loop as though making an overhand knot. The Bowline is identical in structure to the Sheet Bend ‐ in both knots a bight locks into a loop. Its principal shortcoming is that it cannot be tied. for example. in the Bowline the tying is carried out using the bight whereas in the Sheet Bend it is usual to use the loop. to fasten a mooring line to a ring or a post. e. It should therefore be avoided when. When there is no strain it can easily be undone. Continue around the standing end and then back through the small loop.
Length of Tail End: An intermittent load. e. Safety Knot: Climbers typically pass the tail outside the loop and under the collar to form a Yosemite Tie‐off (left) or they fasten the tail with a double overhand knot either to the adjoining loop or to the standing end (right & below). . the length of loose end should be 12 times the circumference.One Handed: The bowline can be tied with one hand ‐ useful if injured. it has happened to me! Fortunately I only lost a scrubbing brush. the tail lies in the middle of the loop.. essential if you are using the other hand to hold on to the line or the boat! Left Handed Bowline: When tied as shown in the animation. A half‐inch diameter rope would require a tail more than eighteen inches long but this is rarely seen in practice. When a bowline is unloaded. on a mooring line. may cause many knots to slip or loosen. The bowline is relatively tolerant of such stresses. it can very readily work its way untied ‐ I know. Shakes Undone If Not Loaded: A bowline makes a poor safety knot for a swimmer. for safety. Nevertheless some texts quote a rule of thumb which states that.g. The left handed version performs satisfactorily but is generally regarded as less relable then the standard bowline. p 188) (see left). Passing the end the opposite way round the standing end forms a "Left Handed" bowline (ABOK # 1034 1/2.
It does not slip or bind. Open up the bight and bring it around the entire knot until it encircles both standing ends. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Bowline on a Bight Details Uses: The Bowline on a Bight (ABOK # 1080. Make a loop and pass the end of the bight through it. It has a similar structure to a normal bowline. . Bowline on a Bight Tying In the middle of a piece of rope. A bight of the rope is used to enclose both "standing ends". Tighten to complete the knot. p 195) makes a secure loop in the middle of a piece of rope. See also the Alpine Butterfly. Bowline on a Bight The Bowline on a Bight creates a double loop in the middle of a rope. It is satisfying to start with a plain length of rope and finish with a secure safe loop in its middle (picture on right). form a bight.
pass the free end of the rope round a post. one loop would go round the chest and one round the thighs. Emergency Purchase: A Bowline on a Bight can also be used to gain some additional purchase: create a Bowline on a Bight in the rope. However. However. then back through the loops and finally to the post again. Several Applications: Foothold: It can be used to make a secure foothold in the middle of a piece of rope. Emergency Purchase: A Bowline on a Bight can also be used to gain some Bowline on a Bight Details Uses: The Bowline on a Bight (ABOK # 1080. Bosun's Chair: Because two loops are created it has been claimed that it makes an emergency bosun's chair which is more comfortable than a single loop. However. Alternatively. p 195) makes a secure loop in the middle of a piece of rope. unless the rope was a couple of inches or more in diameter it would require a demanding emergency to make one really appreciate the "comfort" of either of these bosun's chairs. Several Applications: Foothold: It can be used to make a secure foothold in the middle of a piece of rope. This gives a three to one purchase ‐ admittedly with some friction. additional purchase: create a Bowline on a Bight in the rope. . see also the Trucker's Hitch. Bosun's Chair: Because two loops are created it has been claimed that it makes an emergency bosun's chair which is more comfortable than a single loop. see also the Trucker's Hitch. This knot was one of the justifications for preparing these animations. One loop can go round each thigh with the free tail going round the chest for security. one loop would go round the chest and one round the thighs. This gives a three to one purchase ‐ admittedly with some friction. See also the Alpine Butterfly. pass the free end of the rope round a post. then back through the loops and finally to the post again. However. It does not slip or bind. Alternatively.Tying it: It should be easy to tie but because it is initially hard to visualize it can be confusing. This knot was one of the justifications for preparing these animations. Tying it: It should be easy to tie but because it is initially hard to visualize it can be confusing. One loop can go round each thigh with the free tail going round the chest for security. unless the rope was a couple of inches or more in diameter it would require a demanding emergency to make one really appreciate the "comfort" of either of these bosun's chairs. It is satisfying to start with a plain length of rope and finish with a secure safe loop in its middle (picture on right).
Twist the loop to create the next hole for the end to pass through. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Braiding a Single Rope Details Uses: Braiding several strands is often learned in childhood as a way of controlling long hair. Braiding a Single Rope Make a loop which is about the length needed for the braid. Pass the end through the loop. This animation demonstrates how to make a braid with a single piece of rope. Repeat as often as required to complete the braid. . Braid a Single Rope A single rope can be braided by pulling one end through the loop repeatedly.
In practice braiding is made in the usual way.Methods: The animation shows the braid being tied with the rope's end being threaded through the loop. . Then after adding several braids. The strands are manipulated close against the braid ignoring the fact that the end and the loop are getting tangled. the end is pulled clear of the loop.
Snug the splice together and pass the tail of the short end down the center of the long end. make a hole in the short end and pass the long end through it. Making a Brummel Eye Splice using Both Ends Make a hole in the long end and pass the short end through it. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Brummel Demo Demonstration of the Brummel Splice Structure How the Brummel Splice is constructed. Then.
Strength: The intended strength is derived from the long tail being tapered and buried through the center of the standing end – which exerts a powerful gripping action under tension. the lock distorts the fibers and would lower the breaking strain if used alone. especially when passing the long buried tail up the center of the standing end. More Details: For more information about Making the Holes. . using a fid makes the process easier. and Stitching visit the pages about the Locked Brummel ‐ Using One End and the Long Bury Splice. the two parts of the splice lie closely against each other to make the lock. Ideal Length. However. The Brummel Lock: When completed. The short ends were used here to allow close‐up photography. In practice. Tapering the End. The final strength should be 90 ‐ 100% of the rope's breaking strain. the force in the standing end is progressively shared between the two lines. Brummel Structure: The animation shows how the Locked Brummel can be tied when both ends are available to be threaded through the rope. 13 14 Brummel Eye Splice using Both Ends Details Warning: in practice use a much longer tail and a more gradual taper – see below.
Make a hole at each mark and pass the end through and pull. Then. Choose the hole nearest the end and pull a bight and the other hole through. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Snug the splice together and pull the short end through the center of the standing end. Making a Brummel Eye Splice Making a Mark the length needed for the eye. through the second hole pull a bight. Brummel Eye Splice Create Eye Splice in Hollow Braid Rope A technique to create a locked eye splce in a hollow braid rope.
Each hole should be made by carefully separating the strands – exactly an equal number on each side of the hole. Measure: Mark the length of the long buried end by measuring off 72 diameters of the rope. It helps to stretch the hole first. Restore the Second Hole: Tuck the Eye through the second hole. because then there is no need to invert the two holes first. Then measure off the length required for the final eye plus 3 rope diameters and make a second mark. Now. The section between these holes becomes the "Eye". Make the Lock with One End: The animation shows how the Locked Brummel is tied when only the working end is available to be threaded through the rope. much easier to tie when both ends are available.g. Create Two Inverted Holes: The whole key to making a Brummel splice is the creation of Brummel holes with spiral twisted sides. the fibers around both holes are restored to normal and the Brummel lock is complete. e. This process can be awkward. When a bight is passed back through them later. of course. creates the Brummel hole. The short ends were used here to allow close‐up photography. The technique tends to be confusing and repetition is required to memorize and master the details.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Brummel Eye Splice Details Warning: in practice use a much longer tail and a more gradual taper – see below. Note: this additional length is necessary because the splice consumes some of this measured length. A large fid may help or a bight of line can be wrapped around the rope and used to pull it through. . Restore the First Hole: Choose the hole nearest the end and tuck the Eye through the hole followed by the second hole and some extra rope.. The process of passing the end through the rope. it restores the twists back to normal without using the long end. The two holes should be made so that they line up and face the same direction. It is. 3 feet for a half‐ inch rope. The two holes can be made in any order.
and stitched. Finally the throat of the splice is whipped ‐ see detailed descriptions of these procedures in the Long Bury Splice.Dress the Splice: This process may have restored the spiral twists around the sides of each hole but the rope is still distorted. Simpler Method: To obtain the same result using a simpler technique. Finishing the Splice: For maximum strength and reliability. The rope either side of the holes should be massaged back to restore normal spacing of the strands. . visit the McDonald Brummel page. buried. Snug the two holes together. the long tail end is tapered. These maneuvers achieve exactly the same result as when both ends are available.
Then pass the end through the near hole to twist the fibers either side of the hole. Making a McDonald Brummel Eye Splice With the rope marked and holes prepared. Tighten to the locked position. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Pass the eye through this hole to untwist the fibers each side back to normal. Brummel McDonald Simpler Eye Splice in Hollow Braid Rope The McDonald technique offers a simpler method to create a locked eye splice in a hollow braid rope. pass the end through the further hole to make the eye.
However. developed the technique shown in this animation. In addition. The result is a normal locked Brummel using a single end but her method reduces the steps and the complexity. . who illustrates the Brion Toss/Margie McDonald series of Working Rope books. Ideal Length. 13 McDonald Brummel Eye Splice Details Warning: in practice use a much long tail and a more gradual taper – see below. only a single step is illustrated here with the assumption that that it is completed with a long bury. the strength of a Brummel splice derives from the long buried tail – not the Brummels themselves. Accordingly. does not have to be inverted and. therefore requires no restoration. Tapering the End. and Stitching visit the pages about the Locked Brummel ‐ Using One End and the Long Bury Splice. The other hole makes the eye. Technique only: The animation shows only the critical steps of her technique. The short ends were used here to allow close‐up photography. The Difference: Only the hole near the end has to be inverted and then restored. a much larger eye is usually desired. For more information about Making the Holes. McDonald Brummel Technique: Margie McDonald. Additional Brummels: McDonald's technique can be continued to produce a stack of Brummels.
Buntline Hitch The Buntline Hitch was originally employed to secure buntlines to square sails. Form a Half Hitch to complete the knot. Buntline Hitch Tying Pass the tail around the pole. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Buntline Hitch Details Uses: The Buntline Hitch (ABOK # 1847. Advantages: It is more secure than two Half Hitches and very resistant to shaking loose. Repeated shaking and jerking by a flapping sail tended to tighten this knot ‐ hence its value. Disadvantages: This knot cannot be tied under a load and. after being heavily loaded. Structure When complete. A heavy load tends to tighten the hitch and may make it difficult to untie. it is more liable to jam and be awkward to release than two Half Hitches. It makes a secure hitch to a ring or a pole. p 310) was originally employed to secure the buntlines to the foot of the square sails. Make a complete turn around the standing end and then through the hole beside the pole. However. Up to frame 5 in the animation the rope merely wraps around the standing end. while it is being tied the first part of the knot should not be called a Half Hitch. the finished knot is a clove hitch around the standing end but the clove hitch is inverted when compared to the clove hitch in a Round Turn and Two Half Hitches. .
com .php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. The difference is merely in the material used and in the alignment of the final part of the knot so that the two ends emerge parallel. http://www.ani matedknots. the same knot is widely used for neckties.com/buntline/index.Other Uses: Although it is not obvious. where it is known as the Four‐in‐ Hand Knot.jpg&Website=www.animatedknots.
It is recommended when joining two large tow‐line hawsers. an intermittent pull will gradually work the knot towards the tails until it is undone! Place: Because the Carrick Bend is reliable and has the enormous advantage of being easy to undo. Thread the tail (red) across the loop passing under itself. mat‐like appearance vanishes. However. Carrick Bend The Carrick Bend joins two ropes securely and can readily be untied ‐ even after a heavy load. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Carrick Bend Details Uses: The Carrick Bend (ABOK # 1439. Carrick Bend Tying With one rope (blue) form a loop with the tail under the standing end. p 263) joins two ropes together. Ashley describes it as "the bend commonly tied in hawsers and cables. The knot deserves to be better known and more widely used. Then pull both standing ends to tighten the knot. . These other versions of this knot perform far less well. It is important that the tails lie diagonally opposite each other. it is slightly awkward to assemble and it is easy to make a mistake: you can have both tails on the same side of the knot. it probably deserves to be used more often. Structure: The knot curls up under strain and the attractive. Pass the other rope (red) under the blue loop and then over and then under as shown." It is also makes the center of the very decorative Lanyard Knot. if tied incorrectly. or one of the crossings may be incorrect.
com/carrick/index.animatedknots.Compare: The Carrick should be compared to the Alpine Butterfly Bend.com . They are both excellent bends composed of interlocking loops.anim atedknots. and both remain easy to untie after a heavy load.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www. http://www.
p 264). It bears a strong resemblance to a Carrick Bend (ABOK # 1439. the two ends can be heated in a flame and fused together. four‐bight Turks Head in which the rope has been passed around a second time. However. Follow the same path around again still using the over and under sequence. However. Pass the end of the rope across the loop using an alternating over and under sequence. Carrick Bend Mat The Carrick Bend is the basis for the design of this small mat. the same knot can also be formed so that the pattern stands on edge around a larger central hole. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Carrick Bend Mat Details Origin: This simple mat was given a number by Ashley (ABOK # 2287. Turk's Head Family: The design is also a member of the Turk's Head family. which is the name we have chosen for it. p 371) but no name. This is one of the smallest versions and makes a pleasing small mat. Over and Under Sequence: This small design is a member of a family of knots in which the crossings are taken alternately over and under. Finishing the Mat: The two ends can be secured in one of several ways. Carrick Bend Mat Tying Form a loop and then lay the rope across it. It is presented here as a flat knot. Tuck the end in and secure it. This can be described as a three‐lead. to do this . When the mat is purely decorative. and the material is one that melts.
Ashley provides a huge selection of designs. The mat then has a thicker section and is less suitable as a tablemat. Whichever method is chosen. Additional Turns: Although only two complete turn are shown in the animation. A cord with some degree of lengthwise rigidity and firmness is an advantage. or twine and constrictor knots. the mat's pattern will not be very stable. Uses: Small rope mats make excellent tablemats and hot pads. some of which are very elaborate with many crossings. Some of the larger versions make useful stair treads and chair covers. one or more additional turns can be added using the same technique to enhance the final appearance.necessitates passing the ends across other turns. Another way to finish the mat is to attach each end to the neighboring turn using needle and thread. the junction should be located under another turn as demonstrated in the animation. Choice of Material: If the rope or cord is too limp. glue. .
except that we used his starting position and followed the pattern round a second time whereas Ashley shows it as the basis for a more complicated mat. Then follow the first strand round the same path to finish at the original starting position. p 365). Celtic Knot Tying Use a strict under and over sequence to tie a simple Celtic Knot. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Celtic Knot Details Origin: Our simple example of a Celtic Knot appears to be identical to the starting layout for Ashley's Six‐Stranded Platted Mat (ABOK # 2256. Celtic Knot Mat The Celtic Knot makes a pleasing rope mat with a rectangular shape. .
Whichever method is chosen. the two ends can be heated in a flame and fused together. Ashley provides a huge selection of designs. one or more additional turns are added using the same technique. or twine and constrictor knots. Another way to finish the mat is to attach each end to the neighboring turn using needle and thread. to do this an end has to be passed across other turns. squares. and the material is one that melts. The mat then has a thicker section and is less suitable as a tablemat.Celtic Knots: Many different patterns and designs claim to be Celtic Knots. Uses: Small Celtic Knot mats make excellent tablemats and hot pads. . When the mat is purely decorative. We included this simple example here because one writer asked us why we had selected it as the icon for our decorative knots section but failed to show how to tie it! Additional Turns: Only two complete turns are shown in the animation and space remains between the turns. some of which are very elaborate with many crossings. However. The entire mat is then tightened to eliminate space between the turns. glue. the junction should be concealed under another turn as demonstrated in the animation. They vary in size and complexity with shapes that include rectangles. Some of the larger versions make useful stair treads and chair covers. triangles and circles. Finishing the Mat: The two ends can be secured in one of several ways. For a more pleasing appearance.
Chain Stitch or Monkey Braid The Chain sinnet converts a cord into a braid that has the appearance of a chain. Keep repeating. e. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . as a decoration. for the end of a light pull. and to shorten and add bulk to a cord. Chain Sinnet.. lock it by passing the end through the final loop. Chain Sinnet (Monkey Braid) Tying Make a noose in the rope. Form a loop and tuck it into the noose. When the chain is long enough.g. It is used by climbers to store rope free of tangles. Make another loop and tuck it into the previous loop.
And. it can be used to shorten. Complete the chain by feeding the end through the final bight. when being washed or stored. it would be a tedious method to use to "coil" a long rope. The chain is released by withdrawing the end. and Chain Braid. Monkey Chain. Single Bugle Braid. all of the knots vanish as if by magic. The conventional Coiling Technique is to be preferred. and add bulk to. Disadvantages: Although it may be useful when washing a rope in a washing machine.g. It turns a piece of string into a pleasing chain. tuck a bight into the loop. Chain Stitch. it is much quicker to make much larger loops..13 14 15 16 17 Chain Sinnet (Monkey Braid) Details Uses: The Chain Sinnet (ABOK # 2868. Structure: Tie a Slip Knot in the rope. when pulled. When used for storing rope. and it is also used by climbers as a means of preventing a rope getting tangled. It has to be the end you used to complete the chain. Alternatives. The animation above shows a chain that has been pulled tight at each link. the end of a light pull. Other Names: It is known by many names including: Daisy Chain. and repeat. Withdrawing the other end merely shortens the chain by one link. It is found on dress uniforms. Single Trumpet Braid. Crochet Stitch. e. Monkey Braid. Advantages: The Chain Sinnet requires minimal skill or dexterity! . p 472) is tied by many of us as children.
Use five to seven sets of tucks for security. Pass the strands into the chain ‐ one strand one way through the chain and two strands the other way. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Chain Splice Tying Tape rope. and the third and fourth. Unravel enough for 5 ‐ 7 tucks. It allows the rope to follow the chain over the windlass and into the chain locker without tangles. Chain Splice The Chain Splice securely attaches a three‐stranded rope to an anchor chain using a modified eye‐splice. Splice each strand back into the standing end of the rope. Repeat for the second set of tucks.
Structure: Technically it is a miniature Flemish Eye (ABOK # 2751. It is particularly useful when a chain/rope combination passes over a windlass and descends into a chain locker.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Chain Splice Details Uses: The Chain Splice is a modification of the Eye Splice described by Ashley (ABOK # 2725. p 449) completed with additional tucks. Seven complete sets of tucks are recommended. only five sets of tucks were completed. p 445). . Note: for photography.
Remember to twist each tail tightly before pulling on it! Durability: By its nature. a chain splice may be subject to heavy load and chafing.com .jpg&Website=www. After the first tuck is completed for all three stands. For seven tucks. burn the three ends and wrap the rope at the correct length. Lay the three strands down beside the rope and thread them through adjacent standing strands as close to the chain as possible.Preparation: To prevent chaos.a nimatedknots.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Complete the remainder of the splice by tucking each tail over and under standing strands. Making the Splice: Pass two strands together through the end of the chain and pass the third strand in the reverse direction. in many yachts where the anchor is only used occasionally. the wrapping tape (or the constrictor) should be removed so that the splice can be tightened against the chain. Unravel the strands back to the tape or twine. Practical aspects: As when making the Eye Splice.animatedknots.com/chainsplice/index. It is neatest when the single strand passes between the other two. the chain may rust and become untrustworthy long before the splice shows significant wear! http://www. However. It should be inspected if used frequently and a worn splice should be cut off and remade a few inches further up the rope. measure at least 21 times the rope's diameter and wrap the rope with tape or a Constrictor Knot tied in twine. keep each end as neat and tightly wound as possible ‐ at least for the first three tucks.
it collects dirt and eventually leaves a spiral stain on the deck.g. Continue making several more figure 8 turns around each horn. It is frequently used to secure a mooring line to a dock cleat. for dinghy bow lines. e. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . and back across the middle. then around the other. There is often spare rope left unused. Cleat Hitch (Deck) The Cleat Hitch attaches a rope to a cleat. and sheets. This is secure and keeps the deck clear. Cleat Hitch for a Dock Line Tying Do not bring the line around the near horn. Go around the far horn. Coiling the rope as a Flemish Flake is a common option. However. It has many other uses. A better solution is to use the tail to tie a Rolling Hitch around the Standing End. Linked to this page is a another page about cleating a halyard..
10 11 Flemish Flake Options: Deck.g.. the halyards cleated to the mast. Now if a towline briefly becomes slack. Starting round the wrong horn increases the risk of a jam. a "Belaying Pin". Halyard Rolling Hitch Cleat Hitch for a Dock Line Details Uses: The Cleat Hitch secures a rope to a cleat. History: "Belaying a rope" means securing it or making it fast. Second. Before cleats were common. the initial turn can separate away from the cleat and then clamp down on top of the second turn making it impossible to release the rope while there is load on the towline. Acknowledgements: Several people have written to provide suggestions about this knot. An intermittent load on a nylon rope may transmit tension to the Half Hitch and make release awkward. the dock lines for a yacht left in a harbor. In all other situations. always cross over and make figure 8 turns afterwards. No Locking Hitch? Several skippers have written to say that there are situations when a Locking Turn should not be used: Large Vessels: The uniform practice on large vessels is to never cleat the ropes. Some modern illustrations still show only a single crossover followed by a Half Hitch. In particular it is a pleasure to thank Kevin Redden who explained the risk of using a full round turn and provided a recommendation about the . First. Ashley describes several variations including the use of a single hitch by itself (ABOK # 1594.. page 284). the ability to quickly release either end is essential. a capsize. Towing: Never cleat either end of a towline. Number of Turns: In most of Ashley's illustrations he shows astonishingly few turns. This is because the Figure 8 Turns lift the rope up against the horns and out of the way of the first turn. e. and only for temporary use in sheltered conditions. e.g. always add more – certainly enough to handle any storm load. of course. There is a risk if the initial turn continues around and under the first horn a second time (making a complete round turn). thinner. Use a Locking Hitch? In other situations a locking hitch is commonly used. However. I am indebted to Kevin Redden for the following practical advice: two crossovers is the bare minimum. a towline should always be monitored. It is deceptively simple and an unwary skipper who invites visitors to cleat a mooring line may be astonished and dismayed by the unsatisfactory results. See also using a cleat hitch for Securing a Halyard. and flag halyards. and more elastic (nylon rope stretches by more than 5% when loaded to 20% of its rated breaking strain). slippery. he was writing when tarred hemp was the rope of choice. First Horn: Initially the rope must be led round the most distant horn of the cleat followed by a turn in the same direction round the other horn. Today's ropes may be stronger. No Round Turn: After passing the rope around two horns of the cleat. Sheeting a Sail: Never cleat the sheet controlling a sail – rapid release may be critically important in preventing a disaster. a rope used to be secured to a vertical pin in a wooden beam called.
php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. http://www.com .animatedknots.com/cleatdeck/index.ani matedknots.jpg&Website=www.number of crossover turns.
a uniform technique is recommended when Mooring. Twist a loop in the rope and hook it on the cleat as a Half Hitch. Towing. However. For a halyard there may little harm in continuing in the same direction around the lower horn again. By contrast. First Horn: A mooring rope reaches a deck cleat at an angle and must be led round the most distant horn of the cleat first. No Round Turn: As shown in the animation. and Cleating a sheet: always cross the center after the first two horns. and then up across again. goes around the lower horn first. Cleat Hitch for a Halyard Tying Pass the rope around the bottom horn and on around over the top. It is deceptively simple and an unwary skipper who invites visitors to secure a halyard may be astonished and dismayed by the unsatisfactory results. for safety. The direction chosen is often arbitrary. Continue down across the middle. a halyard usually falls roughly parallel to the cleat and. the rope passes around the first two horns in the same direction. . Cleat Hitch (Halyard) The Cleat Hitch attaches a halyard to a cleat. Halyard 8 9 Cleat Hitch for a Halyard Details Uses: The Cleat Hitch secures a rope to a cleat. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Options: Deck. inevitably.
he was writing when tarred hemp was the rope of choice. a rope used to be secured to a vertical pin in a wooden beam called. thinner. After the rope has passed around the bottom and top horns. An extreme load may transmit tension to the Half Hitch and make release awkward.com . Number of Turns: In most of Ashley's illustrations he shows astonishingly few turns. Ashley describes several variations including the use of a single hitch by itself (ABOK # 1594. page 284). However.animatedknots.Tightening a Halyard: A halyard may be subject to a considerable load. additional crossover turns are commonly used. For this reason. History: "Belaying a rope" means securing it or making it fast. one person holds the tail and takes up slack while another swings sideways on the rope above to gain the slack. Before cleats were common. and more elastic (nylon rope stretches by more than 5% when loaded to 20% of its rated breaking strain).ani matedknots. a "Belaying Pin". of course. The animation shows only a single crossover before the crossover with the Half Hitch.com/cleatvert/index. http://www. there may not be a winch. slippery. On older sailing boats. Today's ropes may be stronger.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www.
It can be used to attach a rope to a pole or ring. the Clove Hitch can also be tied by Threading the End and by Using Stacked Loops Caution: The Clove Hitch (ABOK # 1245. the Clove Hitch can make a quick hitch. additional Half Hitches must be added in the same manner. It should be deeply distrusted when used by itself. However. Clove Hitch (Half Hitches) The Clove Hitch is formed by making two Half Hitches. Using Loops. and in . originally. Clove Hitch tying using Half Hitches Form a loop in the working end of the rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Options: Half Hitches. This page links to a another page showing how to tie the Clove Hitch using the end. can also bind. in the theater it is used to adjust the height of stage curtains hanging from a bar. Using End 8 9 Clove Hitch using Half Hitches Details Alternatives: In addition to tying it Using Half Hitches. The Clove Hitch has various applications. it <strong>must</strong> be used with caution because it can jam or slip. p 224) was. It does have two giant faults: it slips and. Uses: As shown in this animation. paradoxically. included here with the intention of condemning it. Place it over the post. it is widely known. To make the hitch secure. For example. Form a second loop identical to the first. Place it over the post and tighten. Because it is simple. Only two Half Hitches were used.
php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com . Alternatives: There are good alternatives available: Mooring: o A Round Turn and Two Half Hitches o Rolling Hitch o Bowline o Cleat Hitch Temporary whipping for a frayed rope end o Constrictor Knot Paradox: When you tie the round turn and two Half Hitches.boating it can be used to initially position a fender hanging from a rail.com/clovehalfhitches/index. Reviewing the events later it became apparent that the assistant was using the only knot he knew. if you make the knot secure by stacking on additional Half Hitches. i. The offshore wind was blowing the stern away so my friend used his engines to swing the stern in.jpg&Website= www. Both are described in the section about the Clove Hitch tied by Threading the End. if on a boat you feel an urge to use a clove hitch ‐ resist! Choose something else unless you are merely hanging a fender. This process was repeated seven times despite increasingly forceful requests that some other knot be employed to secure the line. Each time he did so the strain was too much for the Clove Hitch. multiple clove hitches. It is not a knot to be used alone.animatedknots. So..animatedknots. then you are inviting a major strain to cause the earlier turns to bind tightly and become impossible to untie. which slipped undone. Each time the bow mooring line was handed to the marina assistant. Dangers: As stated above. he used a clove hitch to attach the line to the dock's post. Binding: Finally. the Clove Hitch's problems are slipping and binding: Slipping: I watched a friend trying to dock his 53' Hatteras. in the process you actually create a clove hitch round the standing end! http://www.e.
Tie a half knot around the loop and tighten. tie another half knot and tighten. Keep repeating. Cobra Knot (Solomon Bar or Portuguese Sinnet) Tying Make a loop and tie an overhand knot. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Tighten the loose half knots and trim the ends off. It is commonly used in military shoulder lanyards. Cobra Knot The Cobra Knot creates a neat lanyard. Tuck the ends inside the loose knots. Keeping the same rope in front. Leave the last several knots loose (only two shown here).
. In effect it is a stack of Square Knots tied around a core. making a stack of granny knots. the result is a neat spiral. Variations: The version shown here uses a stack of alternating Half Knots. the same Half Hitch can be repeated. The two Cobra versions are known as a Square Knot and a Spiral Stitch. Alternatively. Macrame Names: Unfortunately macrame uses totally different names. It is very widely used in military shoulder lanyards and in many macrame patterns Application: When completed as shown in the animation. The finished lanyard can be attached to the pull‐ring using a Girth Hitch.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Cobra Knot (Solomon Bar or Portuguese Sinnet) Details Uses: The Cobra knot (Solomon Bar or Portuguese Sinnet) is one of the commonest lanyard knots. it provides an excellent lanyard pull for a snap shackle.
Hang the loop on the cleat. can be hung from the cleat or belaying pin (ABOK # 3088. e. Leave enough slack to form the final loop.. The bight supporting the coil can be unhooked very quickly to allow the coil to be rapidly released: when the coil is laid on the deck the rope should run freely without kinks or tangles. p 513) using a twisted bight. Attached Rope Coiling Start from where the rope is attached to the cleat.g. Coil Attached Rope How to coil an attached rope like a halyard or a sheet and then secure the coil so that it can be readily undone to run out freely when required. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Coiling Attached Rope Details Uses: An attached rope. . a halyard. Make the coil with alternate turns over and under the rope. Pull a twisted loop of the slack through the coil.
Alternating turns are laid over (Frame 3) and under (Frame 4) to avoid twists. This method takes slightly longer to release the coil. Variations: The animation demonstrates a round coil being made where the tail is secured to the foot of the mast. In heavy weather.Never Wrap the Coil with the Tail End: Tension on the halyard can tighten the turns in the coil around the bight and can make releasing the bight almost impossible. Untwisted Wraps: As an alternative to hanging the coil on a twisted loop. Nothing to Hang the Coil On: If there is no space on the cleat to hang the coil on. More Secure Loop: If the slack is left long enough. Figure 8 Coil: A Figure 8 coil (right) can be used to avoid introducing twists and can be secured in the same way. . the halyard is then more likely to stay securely coiled but can still be released very rapidly. a larger bight can be left and then wrapped two or three times through the coil before being hooked on to the cleat. the coil can be finished like the Unattached Coil: the halyard is used to wrap the coil and then a bight of it is passed over the top of the coil. the twisted loop can be passed behind the tight halyard before being hooked on the cleat. The coil is started from the cleat. These turns bind the coil and may hold it more securely. There are several options.
Each alternate strand is inverted. Coiling Unattached Rope Start making a coil in your hand. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Pass a bight through the coil. Pull tight. Wrap the end around the coil several times. Spread the bight out and bring it back down over the coil. Continue making loops alternating over and under. Coil Unattached Rope How to coil an unattached rope in your hands and make a secure bundle which preserves the coil neatly.
Note: The wrapping turns do introduce twists into the rope. Using the Coil: After unwrapping. Figure 8 Coil: Another popular technique for avoiding twists and tangle is the Figure 8 Coil (left): no twist is put in the rope as you form each turn. and should remain undisturbed even if the rope is allowed to run out rapidly. this end should have been "left outside the coil" at the beginning. twist the rope slightly as you lay it in your hand. This technique of coiling a rope is also known as a Buntline or Gasket Coil Making the Coil: Start by leaving the end slightly longer than the coil ‐ so it remains outside the coil to avoid tangles. Instead each turn is laid as a . However. Finishing the Coil: The coil is finished by winding the rope tightly round the coil ‐ with a finger (or your hand for large ropes) still inside the coil to maintain the lay of the turns. These alternate turns lie "under" the line rather than "over" it. The reason that this method of uncoiling is important is that it has to be used to allow a halyard to run freely and practice makes perfect. The coil should be well secured so that it will remain tidily coiled and can be used quickly and easily without tangles or twists. a bight is passed through the coil where your fingers were. The bight is spread out and tightened around the coil to preserve this lay until you need to use the rope. rope (like a climbing rope) is best stored in a neat coil (ABOK # 3089. or unattached. To make each turn form a neat loop. twist alternate turns in opposite directions. To avoid introducing multiple twists. p 513). as shown in frame 5 above. These turns start away from the end and work upwards towards your hand Finally. however. Alternating over and under turns avoids the accumulation of multiple twists in the rope. because only a short end is involved the turns are easily shaken out.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Coiling Unattached Rope Details Uses: A free. The end used to wrap the coil should release without twists or tangles. the coil should be laid on the ground with the end used to start the coil underneath.
made up of double strands laid in a Figure 8 pattern. the doubled rope is first laid loosely on the ground. The finished coil can then be carried by tying the two ends around your body. The coil is formed behind your neck picking up the doubled rope first with one of your outstretched hands and then the other. The resulting coil is not as neat but maintains the rope ready for use and likely to run out with no tangles. the bulk of a climbing rope makes it hard to hold to complete the coil as shown in the animation. Starting from the mid point. Both ends are held in one hand – with about six feet (two meters) hanging free. The result is a large coil. Because this technique requires the end to pass through the coil several times. The coil is completed in the same way.stack of overlapping Figure 8 turns. Precautions: Avoid introducing twists by using either the Figure 8 Coil or the alternating over and under method shown in the animation. The coil is then folded at the mid point ‐ where it passed behind your neck. There are two common alternatives: Butterfly Coil: The Butterfly Coil is made behind your neck so the weight is taken on your shoulders. hanging from your neck. when undoing the coil it is critical to carefully undo these wraps to avoid a tangle. Closely observe any rope as it is paid out to ensure there are no kinks or knots. . Mountaineer's Coil: After the coil has been made. the end is passed through the center of the coil several times to wrap the turns and keep the coil neat. That is because when completed. The Coil is made with the rope doubled. The ends are used to wrap the coil and then tucked through and over the coil as shown in Frames 17 to 21. Climbing Rope: A Climbing Rope is long and heavy and requires special coiling technique's.
On the final turn pass the long end through the bight. Pull the short end to hide and secure the long one. Wrap the long end about 8 more times around both the rope and the bight. Common Whipping Tying Lay the twine against the rope and wrap the long end around the rope about 8 turns. Common Whipping This simple whipping technique can be done quickly. During the whipping a loop is incorporated which is used to pull the final turn into the whipping. Make a bight in the short end. Trim the ends off. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 .
lay the long end against the rope and use the bight to wrap the end and rope together until the bight is too small to make any more wraps. the long end is inserted into this bight and pulled into the whipping. it is better to secure the end temporarily with a constrictor knot or a piece of tape (as shown in the animation). melt the end for additional security.13 14 15 16 17 18 Common Whipping Details Uses: The Common Whipping (ABOK # 3443. Then pull the long end to tighten the remnant of the bight. the second half of the whipping is wrapped around a bight formed using the first end. care must be taken to pull the bight only half way into the whipping. For a rope that can be melted with heat. When the final end is inserted into this bight. and the appropriate size of whipping twine. Apply the Final Turns Using a Large Bight: For the second half. some people prefer to wrap the final set of turns using a bight: for the second half. When waxed twine is used and the ends are trimmed. Techniques: There are several variations of this whipping: Wrapping a Bight just for the 2nd Half: As shown here. Wrapping a Bight for the Entire Whipping: From the start. the entire whipping can be made round the bight. it creates a very neat appearance with no visible ends. When the end has not been melted ‐ or is a material that cannot be melted by heat. which is ideal if the end has already been melted. Disadvantages: If one of the turns get snagged or cut. p 546) is the classic simple whipping and can be tied with no needle. . Finishing the Whipping: This whipping can be made very close to the end of the rope. Advantages: This whipping looks very neat. then the original end just unwraps. This variation is the one that Ashley refers to as the "Common Whipping". the exit point in the middle is almost invisible and the appearance of a neat stack is retained. the whipping unravels very rapidly. Ashley calls this the "Sailor's Whipping". After the second set of wraps. If pulled completely through by mistake. Then trim off the excess when finished. With a little practice. is easy to learn and quick to make.
It is an excellent quick temporary whipping for a fraying rope's end and can be used to keep a rope's end together while it is . p 216.) deserves to be much more widely known and used. Constrictor The Constrictor Knot consists of a simple Half Hitch which is gripped by an overlying turn of the rope. Constrictor Knot (Twisting Method) Tying Twist the rope to form a loose figure 8. Using End. This page also links to two other pages which demonstrate alternative ways tie this knot. This is what binds the knot and makes it hard to undo. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Options: Twisting. Folding 10 Constrictor Knot (Twisting Method) Details Uses: The Constrictor Knot (ABOK # 1188. Fold the loops down around the center to form the Constrictor Knot.
Using the Twisting Method: The Twisting Method is ideal for short lengths. http://www.com . It securely ties the neck of a sack or bag. When this is necessary. the method cannot be used when using a longer piece of rope or when the rope has to be first passed around the object to be tied. Release: The knot can be very hard to undo ‐ cutting the knot can be the only resort.jpg&Website=www. when using a piece of twine to secure a fraying rope's end. Alternatives: In addition to the Twisting Method.being whipped. It is normally tied in twine or other small diameter line. it has been used as a temporary hose clamp. e. animatedknots. using them to protect your rope. However. and by Threading the End when tying this knot round a rail or bar. and it can be used to hold items together for gluing. Disadvantages: It fails when tied against a flat surface ‐ it requires a curved surface for the binding turn to grip the Half Hitch. This is only for the photography.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Rope Size: The pictures here show the rope tied in large diameter rope. the Constrictor Knot can be tied by the Folding Method.animatedknots.g.. the binding strand should be cut over the other constrictor strands.com/constrictor/index.
Uses: Archery: To protect the bowstring from damage caused by the mechanical release. the two ends of a short line are tied to the bowstring to form a "D‐Loop". around the object in the reverse direction. back around itself. Names: In addition to "Lanyard Hitch". the Cow Hitch can be tied Using Loops. (Lanyard Hitch) using the End Details Alternative: In addition to Threading the End. and down beside itself. Each end is attached to the bowstring using a Cow Hitch – . p 5). Cow Hitch Using Loops 5 6 Cow Hitch. the knot is also known as the Lark's Foot. Nevertheless. Neither should be trusted alone for critical applications. The subsequent transformation from "Head" to "Foot" is less readily explained. Why Include it Here? It answers the question: "What happens when I tie a Clove Hitch but reverse the second turn?" Answer: "A Cow Hitch." The Clove Hitch and the Cow Hitch are close relatives with similar properties. 1 2 3 4 Options: Cow Hitch Using End. Cow Hitch The Cow Hitch is two Half Hitches with the second Half Hitch different from the first here tied with the end. Cow Hitch (Lanyard Hitch) using the End Tying Pass the rope around the object. which is tied with a sling loop and known by various names including Strap Hitch and Bale Sling Hitch. Description: The Cow Hitch or Lanyard Hitch (ABOK # 1673. p 290) is similar to the Clove Hitch except that the second Half Hitch is in the reverse direction. Similar Knot: The Cow Hitch has a similar appearance to the Girth Hitch. the Cow Hitch is also known as the "Lark's Head" – attributed to a literal translation from the French "tête d'alouette" (ABOK # 11.
He went on to describe watching as a cow. For this purpose at least. It can be used to secure a lanyard to a rope. walked in a circle that unwound and untied the Clove Hitch. p 44) that the Clove Hitch was used to secure cows more often. the Cow Hitch appears to be better suited to the task. made more secure by heating each end to from a "Blob". Ashley comments (ABOK # 244.animat edknots. General: The Cow Hitch can be used as an alternative to the Clove Hitch.animatedknots.jpg&Website=www. Discussions in on‐line forums acknowledge this can fail and some have experimented with using a Constrictor instead. http://www. Pros and Cons: It is one of the quickest and easiest knots to learn but has relatively few critically useful applications.com/cow/index.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. secured by a Clove Hitch. It is just as likely to slip as the Clove Hitch but less likely to bind and be hard to untie. Although named the "Cow Hitch".com .
Choose one strand and. lay it across its neighbor. Repeat with that strand. The Crown is also an essential component of several decorative knots including the Wall and Crown (Manrope Knot) and the Crown Sinnet Relationship to the Wall: The Wall and the Crown are very closely related. there would be no way to distinguish a Wall from a Crown. Other uses. . Repeat with the remaining strand tucking it under the first. Tighen it to form the first part of a Back Splice. and the wall directs the strands away from the rope. 1 2 3 4 5 Crown Knot Details Uses: The Crown is the critical first part of a Back Splice. They are in fact identical. They are different because they are tied with respect to the rope. This protects the rope until the back splice can be replaced with a whipping. When the end of a three‐stranded rope starts to fray. The crown directs the strands back down the rope. Crown Knot The Crown Knot is the first part of a Back Splice and a component of several decorative knots. a crown should be tied immediately with a back splice to follow. If the strands had emerged from a central button ‐ with no rope to determine the "direction". Crown Knot Tying Spread out the strands. continuing around in the direction of the rope's twist.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Reverse direction. Turn the ends towards you. Keep repeating. Tie a crown knot and tighten. Crown Sinnet The Crown Sinnet is a family of knots all made using a series of Crown knots to create a thick decorative braid. When all the crowns are tied in the same direction the result is a spiral version. tie another crown knot and tighten. Crown Sinnet Knot Tying Bind the four ends together.
Finishing the Sinnet: The other end is completed by tying the cords to a ring or by securing the ends either by melting them or by Whipping them. Structure: The sinnet is composed of a series of Crown Knots. The version using alternating left turn and right turn crowns is called either a "Square Knot" or a "Box Knot". In particular the name "Square Knot" is used for different knots in different places. The names employed depend on the craft. four colors. boondoggle. The sinnet can then be started by laying the two cords across each other at their centers – the simplest way of making one end of the sinnet secure and neat. and therefore four cords. p 479) is tied by many of us as children. The version that repeats the same crown makes a spiral. . Such braids become fashionable from time to time as decorative bracelets for wrist and ankle. were used. The result is known a "Cobra" when the crowns alternate and a "Twisted Cobra" when same crown is repeated.13 14 15 16 Spiral version Crown Sinnet Knot Details Uses: The Crown Sinnet (ABOK # 2912 and # 2915. Lanyard Making Names: The making of lanyards goes by various names including: craftlace. The two versions of the Cobra are known as a Square Knot and a Spiral Stitch. known as a "Barrel". Military lanyards usually use two stranded crown knots tied around a two‐stranded core. and Synet. Sinnet is also spelled Sennet. It is usually made with either three or four stands ‐ although more are possible. The Crown Sinnet is probably the knot most frequently chosen. scoubidou. and gimp. or as straps for umbrellas. Macrame Names: Unfortunately macrame uses totally different names. Sennit. A four stranded Crown Sinnet is often started using only two pieces of cord. etc. It converts lengths of string or colored plastic into a pleasingly solid braid. Starting the Sinnet: For this demonstration.
Diagonal Lashing A Diagonal Lashing is used for securing diagonal braces to hold a structure rigid. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Tighten the lashing by surrounding it with three or four frapping turns. Wrap three of four turns around the two poles in one axis followed by three or four turns in the other axis. Diagonal Lashing Technique Start with a single Timber Hitch around both poles. Finish with a Clove Hitch.
Sometimes there is a gap between the poles. The choice of a timber hitch is important. the diagonal lashing is used to join two diagonal poles that are being used to brace a rectangular frame. Under such circumstances a Square Lashing might be as effective. The location of one diagonal in front and one behind explains the gap between the poles commonly found in the center. Options: The animation shows the lashing made on poles that happen to be at right angles. hold the stick across your thighs and then pull by straightening your legs. However. p 343. Pulling them as tight as possible makes the Lashing more secure. A clove hitch around one pole could not be used to pull the poles together and might come untied. when the angle between the poles is closer to 45 degrees. Pulling on the Timber Hitch closes the gap and allows the lashing to proceed with poles touching. the diagonal lashing secures poles crossing each other at a variety of angles. bend your knees.) is used to lash two spars together. Use: As shown on the right. Tying it: An initial Timber Hitch surrounds both poles. Unlike the Square lashing which works for right angle crossings. Frapping Turns: The turns surrounding the lashing at right angles exert a tightening effect on the lashing. but I'm indebted to Dana Holgate for the following: wrap the rope around a stick. . Various techniques are recommended. the diagonal lashing is more appropriate. These turns are known as Frapping Turns.13 14 15 Diagonal Lashing Details Use: The Diagonal Lashing (ABOK # 2115. stand on the pole.
Similar Knots: Several other knots create a loop in the middle of a piece of rope including the Alpine Butterfly Loop. It is designed for strain in one direction only. In fact a strain from the wrong end actually capsizes the knot into one that slides. Pass the loop behind the standing end. p 191). p 191). Directional Figure 8 Loop Tying Make a loop in the rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Tighten Dressed Directional Figure 8 Loop Details Uses: Ashley describes the Directional Figure 8 as the second of two examples of a "Single Bowline on the Bight" (ABOK # 1058. . the Figure 8 Double Loop and. It creates a loop in the middle of a rope and is used as a load‐bearing knot by climbers to take strain in one direction only. Figure 8 Directional Loop The Figure 8 Directional Loop creates a loop in the middle of a rope. This is an essential step in tying the Directional Figure 8 correctly. i.. Leaving the end outside this loop ties a knot that Ashley gives as the other example of a "Single Bowline on the Bight" (ABOK # 1057. the Bowline on a Bight. Continue around and through the opening beside the tail. The knot is then tightened and dressed so that the outer loop finishes inside its neighbor.e. the Dropper Loop. for fishing. it functions as a noose so that the loop tightens under load. Tying it: The first steps of the animation show that the tail is enclosed by the initial loop.
For critical loads and when the load may be applied from either end.Advantages: The Directional Figure 8 is quickly tied and is designed to take a load in one direction only.jpg&Website=w ww.animatedknots.com/fig8directional/index. Disadvantages: The Directional Figure 8 can be difficult to undo after a shock load. It must not be used with the pull coming from the wrong end because of its propensity to capsize and constrict. http://www.com . the Alpine Butterfly Loop is preferred.animatedknots.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.
Attach the carabiner. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Balance the lengths and pull tight. Then continue around and through the top Half Hitch three more times. Wrap the longer end around the climbing rope to make two Half Hitches. Distel Hitch The Distel Hitch is a reliable <strong>Slide and Grip</strong> (friction) Hitch designed to take strain in only one direction. It is tied using a lanyard with a loop at each end secured to a carabiner with a Double Fisherman's bend. Distel Hitch Tying Use a lanyard with an eye at each end.
say. each loop is usually secured with a Double Overhand around the lanyard.com . the Klemheist. which makes it especially suitable for use in climbing. Blake's Hitch.. This serves to emphasize that its structure is based on the Clove Hitch ‐ because that is what is first created. writers also describe the Distel using three turns at the top – a "3 over 1" arrangement. and the Vallard Tresse (or VT).g. try the "4 over 1" first. the length of the lanyard is not too critical. Advantages: Amongst these various slide and grip knots. The Distel itself is based on a Clove Hitch but the "top" part of the hitch includes additional turns that form the spiral of rope responsible for gripping the main rope. the Icicle Hitch.jpg&Website=www. However. It is tied using a lanyard with a loop in each end.com/distel/index. by arborists. close inspection is appropriate to ensure that the hitch is tied correctly. This would be the recommended initial format. e. the knot should be dressed to ensure that the two ends are similar in length. it provides a nice ride. Similar Knots: The other slide and grip knots intended for load in only one direction include the Rolling Hitch. and both ends take the load. the Vallard Tresse. Either way. Experience and materials used will govern the choice.animatedknots. The experienced user will often start at the top. 13 Distel Hitch Details Uses: The Distel Hitch is a slide and grip knot used to ascend a climbing rope. Disadvantages: Some writers report that the Distel has a slightly greater tendency to lock up and be hard to slide than. Variations: The animation shows a "4 over 1" Distel – with four complete wraps in the top section.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. for safety.anima tedknots. Tying it: The animation shows the Distel being tied from below. the Schwabish. However. the Distel is a recommended knot for the arborist: it is reasonably easy to tie. http://www. The Distel is designed for tension in only one direction. Like other knots supporting critical loads. Although any safe loop would be acceptable.
The two loops created are stable and resist slipping and changing size. Figure 8 Double Loop "Bunny Ears" The Double Figure 8 Loop creates two loops in the middle of a rope. Pull it tight to lock the two loops. up. and over the whole knot. it is easier to see the underlying structure of the Figure 8 knot. Double Figure 8 Loop ("Bunny Ears") Tying With a long bight in the rope use two double loops to tie a Figure 8 knot. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Then pass the end of the original bight under. With the final locking turn loosened.
In practice they are usually much larger. In one top‐roping technique.com/fig8loopdouble/index.) is based on the simple Figure 8 knot (left). It is also useful for equalizing the load on two anchors. this ensures a more even distribution of load between the two anchor points.animatedknots. the Double Loop Figure 8 is stable.animatedknots. During rappelling. the French Bowline..com . Uses: The two loops can be used as an improvised seat. In the animation the two loops have been made small. The center of this loop is then secured with a carabiner to the small loop. p 197. It is unlikely to slip so that one loop gets larger at the expense of the other loop.g. e. 13 Structure Double Figure 8 Loop ("Bunny Ears") Details Structure: The Double Figure 8 Loop (ABOK # 1085. The much larger one is passed around both anchor points. the loops are made very unequal. Stability: Compared to some of the other double loop knots.jpg&Website=w ww. http://www.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.
The knot is relatively compact and therefore better than some alternatives when retrieving a climbing rope. When ropes of the same color are used. Double Fisherman's or Grapevine Bend The Double Fisherman's provides a secure method for joining two ropes of similar size. Tha Back View of the Double Fisherman's is extremely neat and symmetrical. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Pull on both ropes to tighten the two knots against each other. Wrap one end around both ropes two full turns. it appears that four identical loops encircle the junction. Pass this end back through and pull tight. Next pass the other end two full turns around both ropes. Then pass this end back through these turns and pull tight. Double Fisherman's Knot (Grapevine Bend) Tying Overlap the two ends.
In each stopper knot the rope is passed around a third time before being threaded back through the loops. Pros: The Double Fisherman's is a well known. the Zeppelin Bend performs the same task but is much easier to undo because it does not jam. Bend (ABOK # 294. During testing it can roll over and fail and at least one accident has. p 50. However. or even quadruple. Although it is regarded as a standard method of joining climbing ropes. It can be used for a full rope‐length abseil. This is because the two ropes enter the knot at the same point and. version is also used by fishermen to join two lengths of fishing line. It is commonly known as the "Euro Death‐Knot" (EDK) because when first encountered it was presumed to be dangerous. perhaps wrongly. it can be tied wrongly and then fail. therefore. inspect it carefully.13 14 15 Back view Double Fisherman's Knot (Grapevine Bend) Details Structure: The Double Fisherman's. Its use as a join is approved and recommended by the International Federation of Mountain Guides Associations (IFMGA). The Flat Overhand Bend (an overhand knot tied with both ends together with lengthy ends) is the rope join least likely to get stuck (picture on right). because it is created around another line. Nevertheless. If you tie it and your life depends on it. It is however. Dyneema or Kevlar/Technora. pass over an obstruction relatively easily. compact knot suitable for use when retrieving an abseil. For additional safety it is also used with an extra overhand knot in the tails. Cons: The Double Fisherman can lock up so tightly that it is effectively welded. reliable. relatively easy to teach and inspect. The Figure 8 Bend may be bulkier ‐ especially when stopper knots are added for safety. If someone else ties it. Uses: The Double Fisherman's Knot (Grapevine Bend) is the way to form a Prusik Loop and is an excellent and reliable way of joining two climbing ropes. after which it is still possible to retrieve the rope. 2. or Grapevine. 1. Safety: For load‐bearing using modern high modulus ropes such as Spectra. some authorities feel that the Flat Overhand Bend (EDK) is an answer to problem which does not . inspect it extremely carefully. use a Triple Fisherman's (on left). However. this structure may not be obvious. Inspection: The Double Fisherman's Knot (Grapevine Bend) is not complicated. been associated with its use.) consists of two Strangle Knots (like double overhand knots) each tied round the other standing end. The triple.
3.com/doublefishermans/index.com .animatedknots. He also provides a balanced view of the role for these knots and the opinion that: "I don't believe the flat‐overhand will ever fail under body weight if it is tied well. The Flat Figure 8 Bend is very similar but tied as a Figure 8 not an Overhand. it is far more dangerous despite its appearance.jpg&Website =www. He provides useful references to detailed accounts of accidents as well as the results of his tests in which both knots failed by flipping or rolling." http://www. It fails by rolling over at modest loads even when the ends are long! It has been associated with a number of deaths.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.really require a solution and. Both of these knots have been extensively reviewed and tested by Thomas Moyer. the knot creates a size problem which makes it harder to overcome by sending a wave up the line.animatedknots. moreover. and is deliberately not illustrated here.
Single. Gold follows red under blue and up through itself. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Wall. Double Matthew Walker The Matthew Walker provides a secure stopper in a rope which cannot be untied. Red follows blue under gold and up through itself. Double Matthew Walker Knot Tying Start with a Wall Knot. It is closely related to the Wall but makes a more bulky and more effective stopper knot. and the Double Matthew Walker. each tied with the strands of the rope: the Wall. the Matthew Walker. Tighten carefully and re‐lay the rope. Blue follows gold under red and up through itself. The final image shows a sequence of three stopper knots. Position each strand near the one to follow. Double Matthew Walker .
They are illustrated in the final frame of the animation. "It is the most important knot used aboard ship. bunt beckets (rope loop). and the beckets of tubs and buckets. In the animation. each strand would be brought up one strand earlier. This is in striking contrast with the past when the Matthew Walker was widely used. It is included here because I have had multiple requests for it ‐ not for its intrinsic usefulness in boating today! Sequence of Stopper Knots: The Double Matthew Walker is a one of a sequence of knots that are created in the middle of a three‐strand rope. Double Matthew Walker: The Double Matthew Walker is illustrated in the animation." He goes on to quote Todd and Whall in Seamanship: "Amongst knots proper the Matthew Walker is almost the only one which it is absolutely necessary for the seaman to know. was used on "topmast rigging lanyards." The words themselves are now just echoes of a distant past. Ashley (ABOK page 118) states. . preferably with an elegant whipping. The Gold through the Red. It creates the largest of this sequence of permanent stopper knots. the Red through the Blue.Double Matthew Walker Knot Details Uses: The Double Matthew Walker (ABOK # 681 ‐ 3. Disadvantages: The Wall and both the Matthew Walkers all require the rope to be laid up again and then finished. or the Double Matthew Walker. which was used to start this animation . Applications: Other than for decoration. The Wall: The simplest is the Wall (right). When the wall is tightened and the strands laid up again to re‐form the rope. and the Blue through the Gold. modern yachts have virtually no use for a Matthew Walker. it creates a small permanent stopper knot." It. It creates a stopper knot of intermediate size. Matthew Walker: The Matthew Walker is a little simpler that the Double Matthew Walker. p 118) provides a secure stopper that cannot be untied without unraveling the rope.
Double Overhand Knot The Double Overhand Knot makes a reliable stopper knot. the . It forms the basis for other knots such as the Double Fisherman's Bend. Alternative Method: In addition to the technique shown in the animation. Tighten the knot to make a secure stopper knot. Figure 8. moderately large. p 84) is based on the Overhand Knot with one additional turn. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Compare: Ashley. the Double Overhand can also be tied by threading the end of the rope through the coil (on left). It creates a reliable. Double Overhand Stopper Knot Tying Form a loop in the rope. Pass the end through it. stopper knot. Uses with Other Knots: In addition to acting as a stopper knot in the end of a rope. Double Overhand 8 Double Overhand Stopper Knot Details Uses: The Double Overhand Knot (ABOK # 516. This technique is the basis for tying other useful knots such as the Double Fisherman's Knot (right) and the Poacher's Knot or Double Overhand Noose. Pass the end through the loop again.
Therefore. The short end of the Figure 8 Loop Follow Through is tied around the standing end. especially in boating.jpg&Website= www.com/doubleoverhand/index. the short end is tied round the adjacent part of the loop (picture on left). Unless under load. To virtually eliminate this risk. http://www. after the strands are reassembled and whipped it cannot be just "untied".animatedknots. The short ends of the Figure 8 Bend are both tied around their adjacent standing ends. Its greatest use may be in smart installations such as rope handrails.animatedknots. The Matthew Walker requires three or four strand rope because it is tied with the separated strands. Other Stopper Knots: The Figure 8 may be the most widely used.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. 2. 3.Double Overhand Knot can also be used to increase the security of another knot: 1. The Ashley Stopper Knot deserves to be more widely used and known. but it tends to come undone. a Bowline can shake loose.com .
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . and pull the knot tight. Lubricate. wrap the loop around this crossover point about six times. Open a hole in the center and pass the loop through the hole. Note: in nylon tightening this knot alters the structure. It allows an additional fly to be attached to the line. Dropper Loop ‐ Δημιουργία θηλειάς. The Dropper Loop makes a secure loop in the middle of a line. hold the loop with your teeth. Holding the center. Dropper Loop Tying Create a large loop in the middle of a line.
Amos Baehr contributed an idea he discovered serendipitously when he tried a ballpoint pen instead of a matchstick: Use the clip in the cap of a ballpoint pen.com . Alternatives: The same result can be obtained by keeping the loop still and twisting a matchstick in the overlap to make a spiral. It can be used in your leader or tippet to provide an extra attachment point for an additional fly. the knot changes its structure. The animation above shows the loop being wrapped round the overlap point that is held still with your fingers.animatedknots. to minimize the risk of fouling and twisting this Dropper loop should not be too long.13 14 15 16 Dropper Loop Details Uses: The Dropper Loop creates a loop that stands out at right angles to the middle of a length of line. However. Whichever method is used. The weight of the pen is an advantage.com/dropperloop/index. Pulling on each end forces the wrapped turns to redistribute the twists so that the inner strand becomes an outer wrap (not illustrated in this animation using rope). the knot should appear almost symmetrical either side of the loop. Advantages: The Dropper Loop angles away from the line which helps to avoid tangles. If desired the loop can be made long enough to set a hook directly on it. animatedknots.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. The Dropper knot is also used on multi‐hook fishing lines. Pulling the Knot Tight: When lubricated and pulled tight. http://www. Clip it on to one side of the loop and rotate it instead of rotating a matchstick. The big loop is then passed through the hole occupied by the matchstick.jpg&Website=www. Tying it: There are two main methods of tying it.
Working inside the loop. With the loop on a post pull on the tag end and less hard on the standing line. wrap the end around both lines five times. Duncan (Uni) Knot Tying Pass the end through the eye. It is . It was also published later under the name Uni Knot by the outdoor writer Vic Dunaway as being a versatile knot that can have many applications. Duncan (Uni) Knot The Duncan (Uni) Knot is a versatile loop knot. Form a complete loop alongside the standing line. and slide the knot to the desired loop size. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Duncan (Uni) Knot Details Names: The Duncan Knot was originally named after its inventor Norman Duncan. The Uni series can take the place of most other fishing knots if necessary. tighten so the loop spirals. Lubricate. Trim the end.
also known as a Grinner Knot and has the same appearance as a Hangman's Noose although it is different internally. and with practice is fairly easy to tie in the dark.com/duncan/index. each knot is tied around the other's standing end. When used to join two lines it is known as a Double Grinner or a Double Uni Knot Transformation: The Duncan (Uni) knot undergoes a transformation as it is tightened. but if used to join two lines. When tied a round a large diameter eye. Claims that it retains a high proportion of line strength have been justified by recent testing arranged by Mack Martin that showed 82% of line strength. it may retain strength well. the knot binds and becomes a fixed in proportion to the degree of tightening.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Pros and Cons: The Duncan Knot works well with both braided and monofilament fishing lines. http://www. For Snelling.anima tedknots.jpg&Website=www. When used for joining two lines (as in the Uni Knot system). a breaking strain around 75% is more likely. The outer wraps become internal and vice versa. Versatile: As described by Vic Dunaway it is the key component of his Uni Knot System – which can provide all of the applications needed for fishing with a single knot. Tying it: The animation shows that the Duncan Knot initially forms an adjustable loop.animatedknots. When finally tightened. the knot is tied around the shank of the hook. To join two lines a Uni‐knot is tied around the other line. like other knots where a line passes around itself.com .
Repeat the process for the remaining sets of tucks. Unravel enough for 5 tucks (4 shown here). It may used. Pass the upper strand under the upper adjacent standing strand. Pass center one under a standing strand. Eye Splice In three‐stranded rope. the Eye Splice creates a secure loop in the end of the rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Eye Splice Tying Tape rope. to secure a rope to the bow of a dinghy. or a rope to a bucket handle. Arrange strands. Remove the tape. for example. Pass lower one under lower adjacent standing strand.
p 445). tape or whipping twine. now. For mooring. Esssential Preparation: Secure the end of each strand by heat. seven tucks are recommended. The correct length to unravel is about 3 times the . towlines. Measure the length to be unraveled and secure the rope at that length with tape or twine. a minimum of five complete "tucks" is required. tend to be slippery and. however. Modern synthetic materials. and other long term or critical applications.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Eye Splice Details Important: The Eye Splice and its variants are well described by Ashley (ABOK # 2725. The animation above only shows the threading of two complete tucks with the final image showing four tucks finished and tightened.
The following have all worked for me under different circumstances: Tape: One of the simplest methods is to merely wrap each end in masking tape (Right). they will then be in the correct place when you want to choose an end to thread next (Left).animatedknots. Tapering the tails: It used to be fashionable to gradually thin the strands for an additional few tucks. after the first set of tucks. In the process. Fid: The best tool is undoubtedly a fid (Right). In tarred hemp this made a very elegant tapered splice. use a suitable spike to open up a standing strand (Left).. and needle nosed pliers. True tapering of individual strands is rarely done now and should probably never be attempted by amateur. Technique: In tightly laid or large diameter rope. http://www.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog.5 inches long.5 inches. Cut and burn one more and splice the remaining strand before cutting and burning it too. it is helpful to twist it to keep its original form.com . leave the free strands at least 7. Structure As in weaving.com/splice/index. the strands should be allowed to spread and fit the form of the standing strands. If they are a little too long. and for seven tucks at least 10. splice makers.jpg&Website=www. However. it is then all too easy to get confused after it is threaded. i. It may stay open long enough for the strand to be threaded. it is usually far less trouble to make another tuck than to cut them and re‐ burn them to stop them unraveling. Handle each strand with care to retain its original twist. Create the required size of loop and mark the rope. Holding the Rope: Having prepared the ends and chosen which strand to thread where.diameter per "tuck". Spike: Alternatively. cut and burn one strand and then continue the splice with remaining two strands. which opens up the standing strand.e. In the illustration above the mark would be where the first tuck is to be threaded. one each side of the rope. This can provide you with a short "spike" to help feed each strand under the standing end. After each strand is threaded.anima tedknots. pens. Modern rope is sufficiently slippery to mean that the tapered tails tend to get dislodged and make the splice look very untidy. they will be used up in the splice. The burned ends are usually slightly larger than the strand and this provides some additional security for the splice. for five tucks in half inch diameter rope. the free ends tend to untwist and become untidy. Finishing the Splice: If the ends have been cut to the correct length. occasional. it may be difficult or impossible to pass each strand under the standing strand without a suitable tool. Alternative Taper: After sufficient tucks have been made for strength. You then push the strand through inserted in the tail of the fid. each of the strands is passed first under and then over alternate standing strands. a spiked aluminum bar with a hollow end. pencils. I have used many different spikes including marlinspikes. Hold the other two tails in your hand.
Double Overhand Structure Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Details Uses: The Figure 8 (ABOK # 570. 1 2 3 4 Compare: Ashley. both of which have the advantage of greater stability. it doesn't bind. Comparison: As a stopper knot the Figure 8 should be compared to other knots commonly used as stoppers including the Double Overhand.. the figure 8 is better than the simple overhand knot (picture left). and the Double Figure 8 Loop. occasionally. the Figure 8 is important to climbers because it is the basis for tying the Figure 8 Bend (Rope Join). and the Ashley. but is not as secure as the Double Overhand. e. up inside the mast. Climbing: For climbing. Take care to avoid coming up through the loop which merely forms an overhand knot. Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot The Figure 8 is a stopper knot ‐ it prevents the end of a rope sliding through a pulley or it can be used to add security to another knot. where safety is paramount. Complete the knot by passing the tail down through the loop. the Double Overhand is the preferred Stopper knot. a vice. it can be undone easily. However.) provides a quick and convenient stopper knot to prevent a line sliding out of sight. which can bind so tightly that undoing it can be really difficult. It is relatively easy to undo. p 95. It would still be a stopper knot but smaller and much harder to undo when pulled tight. The figure 8 can fall undone and then has to be retied. . is preferred to the Overhand Knot. Figure 8. Continue under and around the standing end. Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Tying Pass the tail over itself to form a loop. even after it has been jammed tightly against a block. However. This virtue is also.g. the Figure 8 Loop Follow Through. Its virtue is that.
com/fig8_/index.http://www.animate dknots.animatedknots.jpg&Website=www.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com .
The importance of dressing the knot is that when loaded. or Flemish. the structure of the knot remains unchanged as the loops tighten down tightly each end. Figure 8 Bend (Flemish Bend) Tying Start by tying a loose Figure 8 knot in one of the ropes. starting beside the tail and exiting beside the standing end. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . It is used in climbing. but creates a relatively bulky knot. simple method for joining two ropes together. Figure 8. The Figure 8 Bend is dressed so that both the outermost turns are separated away from the two ropes they were crossing and tightened down inside their neighboring ropes. Follow the same path in reverse with the other rope. Bend or Join The Figure 8 Rope Join provides a secure. is fairly easy to undo.
php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com/fig8join/index. http://www. Inspection: Ensure that there are two strands beside each other at each part of the knot. Dress the knot as described above. However.. Finally. and simple way to join two ropes. p 258. this knot should be carefully dressed so that the two outermost turns are brought in snug against the ropes they enclose – as a result the turns then finish on the other side of the turns they accompany. yourself (!). It is reasonably easy to remember.jpg&Website=www.10 Dressed Loaded Figure 8 Bend (Flemish Bend) Details Uses: The Figure 8. Safety: For critical loads.) provides a safe. for real security. each end should be tied in a double overhand stopper knot around the other standing end ‐ see illustration to the left. Dressed this way the knot withstands a load better.ani matedknots.g. pull it and observe that it tightens neatly and symmetrically. Then. it should not be used with ropes that differ much in size and for safety the ends should be longer. for taking a load. e. tie.com . Final Dressing: To ensure that the knot is tied correctly. it is sensible to tie it in the "Flat" form shown. and check. or Flemish. Pros and Cons: The advantage of Figure 8 Bend is that even after considerable strain it remains relatively easy to undo. Bend (ABOK # 1411.animatedknots.
twisting. carefully shaking out all of the twists. Applications: It can be used: to lay out the furling line for a roller jib prior to unfurling the jib. or knotting. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Figure 8 Flake Details Uses: Flaking a rope is to arrange it on the deck ready for easy use. Technique: The Figure 8 Flake is often used when a rope has been coiled and there is doubt about it running out freely ‐ for example if the coil has been made with all the turns in the same direction. Figure 8 Flake The Figure 8 Flake provides a method of laying out a rope on deck so that the rope will run out freely without twists. First start at the attached end and work along the length of the rope to the free end. or tangles. or to ready a dock line in preparation for passing the end ashore. Then start at the free end and lay out the rope in the Figure 8 Flake. Figure 8 Flake Coiling First remove all twists from the rope. Then start at the free end and lay the rope out in overlapping figure 8 layers so that it will run out freely without tangling. p 517) allows the rope to be pulled rapidly off the deck with minimal risk of kinking. to prepare an anchor rope before dropping the anchor. knots. It is also the best way to store a hose on the ground. Two complete passes of the rope are usually necessary. The Figure 8 Flake (ABOK # 3110. .
Care is required to avoid catching turns of the first layer. . a second layer of figure 8's can be laid at right angles to the first.Variations: For a long line in a confined area.
It is used when the Figure 8 Loop is being linked to a closed ring or eye. Exit beside the standing end to complete a two stranded Figure 8 knot. or secured round a bar. Figure 8 Follow The Figure 8 Follow Through creates a Figure 8 loop. The Figure 8 Follow Through is dressed so that both the outermost turns are separated away from the two ropes they were crossing and tightened down inside their neighboring ropes. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Dressed . Pass the tail around the attachment point. Follow the original Figure 8 around the entire knot in reverse. Figure 8 Follow Through Tying Start by tying a loose Figure 8 knot.
p 190). However. the Directional Figure 8 Knot works well (picture left) Inspection: Ensure that there are two strands beside each other at each part of the knot. For safety the end should be longer and.animatedknots.com . When completed it forms a Figure 8 Loop (ABOK # 1047. this knot should be carefully dressed so that the two outermost turns are brought in snug against the ropes they enclose – as a result the turns then finish on the other side of the turns they accompany. http://www.a nimatedknots. Dress the knot as described above. for taking a load. Dressed this way the knot is better able to withstand a load. the end should be secured with a stopper knot around the standing end (see picture on left).jpg&Website=www. or your own harness. It is reasonably easy to remember.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. it is quicker and simpler to tie it like a Figure 8 knot using a bight instead of the end (picture on right) The Directional Figure 8: When a Figure 8 loop is being created to take a load parallel to the rope. it is sensible to tie it in the "Flat" form shown. and check.Figure 8 Follow Through Details Uses: The Figure 8 Follow Through allows the simple and reliable Figure 8 loop to be tied to a ring. for load bearing. Then. tie. Final Dressing: To ensure that the knot is tied correctly. pull it and observe that it tightens neatly and symmetrically. Safety: For photography. this knot is shown above with a short tail end. a carabiner.com/fig8follow/index. The Figure 8 Loop: When the knot can be dropped over a post.
To dress the knot. bring the outer turns in and tighten them. pass the bight around again and then down through the loop to make the Figure 9 Loop. Figure 9 Loop Knot Tying Form a bight. Instead of coming up through the loop to make a Figure 8 Loop. Figure 9 Loop The Figure 9 Loop makes a secure loop. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Figure 9 Loop Knot Details How to Tie the Figure 8 Loop Knot . Wrap the bight around both ends to form a loop. It is similar to the Figure 8 Loop but is less liable to jam and claimed to be stronger.
Tying it in practice: The Animation shows how the outer turns are pulled in.Uses: The Figure 9 Loop (right) resembles the Figure 8 Loop (left). Final Dressing: The animation shows the knot being tied in the elegant "Flat" form that makes structure easier to recognize. and can be used to attach a rapelling rope to an anchor. the rope retains about 70% of its strength. flexible ropes and is harder to tie in heavier or stiffer ropes. In climbing it is used as an end knot. reasonably easy to untie. . however. When further tightened. It is particularly suitable for use in smaller. Once tied. Disadvantages: It uses more rope than the Figure 8 Loop and is more confusing to tie. therefore. It creates a strong loop. Advantages: The knot avoids sharp bends and. the knot should be dressed and tightened so that the two outermost turns are brought in snug against the ropes they enclose (Frames 9 and 10). it appears as though several coils are encircling a pair of ropes.
e. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch) Details Structure: The Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch.jpg&Website=www. p 294). when tied in the form used in the animation where one strap passes straight through and the other forms a collar around itself. e.. the knot must be arranged to resemble a Square Knot when it is then known as a "Strop Knot". strap. It is also often employed when slings are used to connect anchor points to a static rope in a top‐rope set‐up. or rope. Bale Sling Hitch. regrettably. or rope.g. Make sure the strap lies neatly and then pull it tight. and Lanyard Hitch. Lark's Head (and Lark's Foot). To preserve strength when linking two slings. close to 50%. http://www. To join two slings when strength is a concern.animatedknots. the Cow Hitch. This loss of strength is worse. Strength: The Girth Hitch weakens a sling.com/girth/index. Uses: The Girth Hitch attaches a sling or a webbing strap loop to your harness or to another sling. Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch) Tying Pass the loop of the strap around the harness. This familiarity provides a useful lesson. Ring Hitch) (ABOK # 1694. use a carabiner – not a Girth Hitch. strap.animat edknots.com . particularly if two straps are directly knotted to each other. Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch) The Girth Hitch is used to attach the loop of a webbing strap to your harness or another piece of webbing strapping. The two bands can be dressed to resemble either a Square (Reef) Knot or to take the form shown in the animation.g. This page links to two other pages showing how to tie related knots. Thread the other end of the strap through the loop. and the Lanyard Hitch. Because it resembles the Cow Hitch it is. Familiarity: The Girth Hitch should seem familiar because tying it employs the procedure we use to link two elastic bands. It is also known as the Lark's Head.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.. sometimes known by names that more properly belong to the Cow Hitch.
. Tighten into a Half Hitch which is designed to take a load (Arrow) on the standing end. Half Knot Extra Half Hitch Half Hitch Details Uses: Ashley described the Half Hitch (ABOK # 50. Not secure alone. Add a second Half Hitch to make the knot secure. The Half Hitch – attaches a rope to something. p 14) as "tied with one end of a rope being passed around an object and secured to its own standing part with a Single Hitch. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Related: Overhand Knot. The Half Knot – a binding knot – first part of a Square (Reef) Knot. Half Hitch. These steps illustrate the usual method of tying Half Hitches. Half Hitch The Half Hitch is tied round an object and back to itself. a Hitching Post. it is usually followed by second Half Hitch. . e.g." Comparison: The animation shows the close similarity between: The Overhand Knot – tied in the end of a rope. Pass the end around the standing end and through the loop. Half Hitch Tying Form a loop around the object.
animatedknots.jpg&Website=www.Tying it: As shown in the animation it can be capsized from looking like an overhand knot into the normal look of a Half Hitch.com/halfhitch/index. Two Half Hitches: The first Half Hitch is nearly always followed by a second – or more.com .php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog. In this animation the second Half Hitch shows how it is customarily tied ‐ wrapping it round the standing end and tucking it under itself. http://www. When the second Half Hitch is reversed it creates a Cow Hitch round the standing end. This is more secure and provides easier control of the load while tying the Half Hitches. It is customary to pass the rope the same way around to make both Half Hitches. it is better to begin by first passing the rope around the post or bollard a second time to make the Round Turn and Two Half Hitches.anim atedknots. This creates a Clove Hitch around the standing end. Recommendations: Although two Half Hitches do make a complete "Hitch".
it creates a Granny Knot. a Hitching Post.. "Right over Left". Tying it: As shown in the animation one end is wrapped round the other to produce a symmetrical knot. Half Hitch. e.g. The Half Knot – a binding knot – first part of a Square (Reef) Knot. . This is important because to correctly tie the Square (Reef) Knot the next Half Knot must be "Left over Right". 1 2 3 4 Related: Overhand Knot. Remember to take note of which way you tied it." Comparison: The animation shows the close similarity between: The Overhand Knot – tied in the end of a rope. Half Knot Half Knot Details 5 Square (Reef) Uses: Ashley described the Half Knot (ABOK # 48.g. When the second Half Knot is a repeat of the first. Half Knot Tying Cross the two ends over each other. The symmetry is important because the knot can only "bind" when tied like this. p 14) as "a binding knot. The Half Hitch – attaches a rope to something. If tied in the air ‐ it cannot bind and if it is allowed to capsize into the Half Hitch it will slip. Two Half Knots: The first Half Knot is nearly always followed by a second – or more.. Pass one end over and then under the other to make the Half Knot ‐ which takes the load (arrows) in both ropes. Add a second Half Knot to make the complete knot ‐ the Square (Reef) knot. e. being the first movement of the Reef or Square Knot. Half Knot The Half Knot is a binding knot used to join two ropes ‐ the first part of the Whole Knot ‐ the Square (Reef) knot.
its use should be restricted.Recommendations: Although two Half Knots make a satisfactory "Knot". is notorious for its ability to capsize and slip. when tied with alternating left and right Half Knots. Depending on how it is tied it is known by other names. p 400).animatedknots. the Square (or Reef) knot. the result is called the Solomon Bar (ABOK # 2496. When tied with repeated identical Half Knots. p 400). It must never be used for critical loads.com/halfknot/index. Macrame: In Macrame.jpg&Website=www. the result is a spiral or Bannister Bar (ABOK # 2494. http://www.anim atedknots.com .php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog. the Half Knot is frequently tied around a central core of two or more strands. The knot created.
and apply traction. p 206) for use as a handcuff. e. For added security the two ends can be tied together with one or more Overhand Knots. the knot possesses minimal locking action and could never live up its name. tighten. Handcuff Knot The Handcuff Knot is tied around the wrists or ankles when rescuing a trapped victim. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Handcuff Knot Details Origin: This knot was described by Ashley (ABOK # 1134. Handcuff Knot Tying Use the rope to form two identical loops. in a crevice. Use: In Search and Rescue Operations. Insert the victim's limbs into the loops.g. However. It can also be used to restrain an animal or drag an animal carcass. Overlap them as though tying a Clove Hitch. the Handcuff Knot is an invaluable tool when rescuing someone trapped. Tying it: As shown in the animation the initial stages are exactly the same as those used when using Loops to tie a Clove Hitch. Caution: This method of applying traction to limbs is potentially traumatic and must be used only when alternative lifting methods cannot be employed. Then thread each loop through the other loop and tighten. The two ends are then pulled to tighten the loops for traction.. The two loops are placed around the wrists or the ankles. .
Secure it with a Square (Reef) knot backed up with Half Hitches. Hasty (Emergency) Webbing Harness The Hasty Webbing Harness is made from a length of webbing strap. around the thighs. Hasty Webbing (Emergency) Harness Tying Tuck a loop of the strap into the waistband. It creates a temporary webbing seat for use in an emergency. . Pass both ends back between the legs. Lift with a carabiner through the loop and waist turns. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Hasty Webbing (Emergency) Harness Details Structure: The Hasty Webbing Harness enables a temporary lifting harness seat to be constructed from a piece of webbing strapping. through the initial loop and around the waist to use up the strap.
Alternative Harness: Alternative webbing harnesses can be found online such as the Swiss Seat which employs a similar principle. e. Square knots are best avoided in safety applications. the entire harness doesn't fail.g. Also. Improvements: I am indebted to Boyd Hoyle for the following suggestions. round each leg and round the waist. This means that the final knot will be tied above one hip. tie it off in additional locations.Technique: Approximately twenty feet of webbing strap is required. Form a loop about six inches away from the center of the webbing and tuck the loop into the waistband. Use a Water Knot instead and still back it up with two Half Hitches either side. For security the Square (Reef) knot must be backed up with a pair of Half Hitches either side of the Square (Reef) knot.. This means that if one piece of the webbing is cut. .
The Tumble and Mooring are also described here. Similar Knots: Many quick‐release hitches have been described. Tradition has it. and then pass a bight of the standing end through it. Of the three. Pull the tail to release. Tying it: For easy comparison with the Tumble Hitch. probably falsely. that it was used to secure a horse for a rapid departure. robbers were said to use the Highwayman's Hitch for a quick escape on horseback and it has probably survived because of this tantalizing name. It is more common to position the wrapping loop first. the Tumble Hitch is the best. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Highwayman's Hitch Details Origin: Apocryphally. Pass a bight of the tail in front of the pole through the first bight. Highwayman's Hitch Tying Hold an initial bight of the rope against the pole. . Highwayman's Hitch The Highwayman's Hitch is a quick‐release knot. the animation uses the standing end to make the initial bight and then remains passive while the second bight wraps around it. Place a second bight behind the pole and around the initial bight. Tighten to secure the knot and take the load.
2.Real Danger: Quick release hitches share a major fault: entanglement of the free tail with the moving load can trigger abrupt release. Uses: It might be reasonable to use a Highwayman's Hitch to briefly tie up a kayak while getting into it. 3. . frightened by a sudden slip or jerk. it makes more sense to learn and use the Tumble Hitch which is more trustworthy. A climber. However. might grab at the adjacent line and trigger a fatal fall. 4. Quick release knots should not be used for retrieving a climbing rope because there are recommended alternatives: 1.
The back view shows how the two ends are enclosed in the knot. David M. the Ashley. He heavily loaded the knots tied in 1/16 inch braided nylon. Dr. Hunter's Bend Tying Form a bight in each rope. The Ashley and the Hunter's consistently jammed tight . It can be hard to untie after being heavily loaded. the knot had been described in 1975 by Phil Smith who had used it for more than thirty years on the San Francisco waterfront as the "Rigger's Bend". It is used to join two ropes together of roughly the same size. Rightly or wrongly it now goes by Hunter's name ‐ and it has been give the number 1425A in the revised version of Ashley's book. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Back view Hunter's Bend Details Uses: The Hunter's Bend is one in a family of knots based on interlocking overhand knots. It joins two ropes of roughly the same size. Pull tight to form the finished bend. Essentially these knots employ interlocking overhand knots with the ends threaded through or across the middle. Hunter's Bend Hunter's Bend is one of a family of knots based on interlocking overhand knots. Thread each rope across the middle under both ropes and then above itself. and the Alpine Butterfly Bend. Similar Knots: The Hunter's Bend is remarkably similar to several other bends including the Zeppelin. Interlock the two bights. However. Pass each end over itself and over the other rope. Delaney tested these bends and the Carrick Bend for their tendency to jam. Edward Hunter described it in 1978.
ani matedknots.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. it is tied easily by wrapping the rope round the hand.and would have had to be cut to release them. We prefer the Alpine Butterfly Bend because. uniquely. uniquely. Similarity to other bends employing interlocking overhand knots invites confusion ‐ and mistakes.jpg&Website=www. The Alpine Butterfly Bend. the Zeppelin. Tying it: The arrangement of the interlocking loops and the path of the ends through the center are critical. http://www. it would seem prudent to avoid the Ashley and the Hunter's. Amongst the family of bends based on linked overhand knots. it is tied easily by wrapping the rope round the hand.animatedknots. Choice: The similarity to other bends employing interlocking overhand knots invites confusion ‐ and mistakes.com/hunters/index.com . We recommend the Zeppelin because it resists jamming and the Alpine Butterfly Bend because. The Hunter's tends to jam and offers no unique advantage to justify its use. and the Carrick could all be untied easily using fingers and fingernails.
Here. Icicle Hitch (Loop Method) Tying Wrap the rope around the pole four times moving away from the pole end. Pass the loop behind both ends and hook it over the pole. It is possibly the most secure <strong>Slide and Grip</strong> knot. The final load should be parallel to the pole. Leave a loop hanging and pass the end of the rope back over the pole alongside the standing end. Using End 11 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Options: Loop Method. it is tied by passing a loop over the end of a pole. Tighten the knot. Icicle Hitch (Loop Method) The Icicle Hitch is an excellent slide and grip knot. This page provides a link to how to tie same knot using the end of the rope.
Advantages: The Icicle Hitch grips a smooth surface so well that it even works on a tapered surface such as a marlinespike ‐ hence its name. They found it to be superior to other slide and grip knots including the Rolling Hitch.jpg&Website=www.Icicle Hitch (Loop Method) Details Structure: The Icicle Hitch is almost identical to the knot described by Ashley to hoist a spar (ABOK # 1762. http://www. In August of 2009.animat edknots. The only difference is that the other knots are tied using a loop of rope.com . In addition to Dropping a Loop over the end of the pole.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com/icicle/index. it can also be tied by Threading the End Uses: The Icicle Hitch is used when force is applied parallel to a post or pole in only one direction. p 299) and to the Klemheist. Alternatives: The Icicle Hitch can be tied by two methods.animatedknots. it was fully reviewed in Practical Sailor.Pros and Cons: It is relatively easy to tie and can be used over a bar or at the end of a pole.
Tighten the knot and trim the end.. It provides a good method of securing a fishing line to a hook. It is commonly used to fasten the leader to the fly. or swivel. lure. Improved Clinch Knot The Improved Clinch Knot is used to join fishing line to a hook or a lure. when attaching a leader to a fly. Then pass the end under the final turn. The "improved" version shown here includes an extra tuck under the final turn (step 9). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Improved Clinch Knot Details Uses: The Improved Clinch knot is one of the most widely used fishing knots. e. Improved Clinch Knot Tying Pass the end of the line through the eye. .g. Because it is harder to tie in heavier lines it is not recommended if you are using over 30 lb test line. Wrap it around the standing end about five complete turns. Pass the end back through the loop beside the eye.
com .animatedknots. Pulling on the line forces the wrapped turns to redistribute the twists so that the inner strand becomes an outer wrap (not illustrated in the animation using rope).animatedknots. The extra final tuck improves your chances of holding a strong fish.jpg&Website=ww w. Although five or more turns are recommended.Tying it: Wind the loops in a neat spiral round the standing line and hold the loops under your fingers as you wind the line on. Alternative: Another method of tying it is to hold the Line and Tag End in your fingers and. with heavier lines this may be reduced to four. http://www. the knot changes its structure. rotate the hook or lure to obtain the desired number of twists. Advantages: The Improved Clinch knot is regarded as a fisherman's reliable standby. When tightened the tag end is actually gripped closely against the hook.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. with the other hand. It is particularly suited for attaching a small diameter tippet to a heavy wire hook.com/improvedclinch/index. Pulling the Knot Tight: When lubricated and pulled tight.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Klemheist (Machard. Pass the rest of the cord through the loop and pull it back down in the direction of the expected load. laying each turn on neatly. When loaded it grips the climbing rope. . with the load released it can easily be slid up or down. Klemheist The Klemheist is a <strong>Slide and Grip</strong> (friction) knot related to the original Prusik knot but designed to take strain in only one direction. Klemheist (Machard. Make three complete turns. French Prusik) Knot Details History: The Klemheist is a derivative of the original Prusik knot (on left). Pass the loop around the main rope. French Prusik) Knot Tying Use a piece of cord formed into a loop.
Variations: With these knots the number of turns should be increased or decreased to suit the ropes and the conditions. It may be the preferred choice when the load is known to be in one direction only.jpg&Website=www. http://www.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. i. e. 5 or 6 mm cord around the climbing rope.com/klemheist/index. The Autoblock (Machard Tresse) and the Bachmann perform a similar function but both require a locking carabiner. Rope Size: These knots must be made using a rope smaller than the load bearing rope. However. Ashley did not name this knot and did not describe the slide and grip feature.a nimatedknots.. p 299).. test it to see that it both grips and releases well. The effectiveness of these knots diminishes as the sizes of the two ropes approach each other. before using any Slide and Grip knot.It appears to be identical to the knot described by Ashley for securing a loop to a vertical pole (ABOK # 1762.e. Do not grip the knot itself and pull because the knot then slips. Structure: The knot requires a "Prusik Loop" which is constructed by joining the two ends of a length of rope using a Double Fisherman's or a Triple Fisherman's.com .g. Similarly with the Bachmann: don't pull on the carabiner because this quickly releases the grip. Risk: Only pull on the Prusik Loop. Slide and Grip Knots: The Klemheist is a good example of the family of "Slide and Grip" knots.animatedknots.
. also known as the Diamond Knot and Friendship Knot. Pass the other end under and around the loop to tie a Carrick Bend. Lanyard (Diamond) Knot Tying Start with a bight in the rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Lanyard (Diamond) Knot Details Name: The Lanyard Knot.) makes a fixed loop in the middle of a piece of rope. (ABOK # 787. In one end form a loop. It is frequently used as a component of a knife lanyard. p 141. Pass this end around outside the bight and up through the center of the Carrick Bend. It looks as though two lines are passing through a separate collar. Lanyard Knot The Lanyard Knot forms a loop in the middle of a piece of rope. Do the same with the other end and then tighten both ends to form the knot.
Each end is then wrapped around outside the loop and up through the center. The resulting appearance creates the strong impression that the two ropes are passing through a collar.Structure: Steps 1 to 6 of the animation show how the ends of the loop are joined together with a Carrick Bend. away from the loop. This pleasingly symmetrical knot forms the center of the Lanyard Knot. . Use: The Lanyard Knot is often used as a decorative component of a Knife Lanyard.
It can be safely released without risk of jamming. it is commonly finished with two Half Hitches around the standing end. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . However. Wrap an extra turn around the bollard. Pass a bight under the standing end and over the bollard. Lighterman's Hitch The Lighterman's Hitch is a simple robust way of securing a tow line. The Lighterman's Hitch is secure if sufficient turns are employed. Lighterman's (Tugboat) Hitch Tying Wrap the rope twice around the bollard. Pass a bight under the standing end and over the bollard and continue adding more turns as needed.
Advantages: The beauty of the Lighterman's Hitch lies in its simplicity and the ease with which it can be safely untied and eased out. Similar Knots: The knot closest to the Lighterman's is the Tensionless – which merely consists of many turns wrapped round a suitable post. or bollard. The Tensionless might have an advantage if the load approaches the breaking strain but only if the turns are passed around a large diameter bollard and the tail is secured away from the standing end to avoid the kink caused by securing the Tensionless to it.jpg&Website=www.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. No knot is tied ‐ instead the rope is passed partially round the standing end in one direction and then in the other – each time dropping a bight over the bollard. tree. animatedknots.animatedknots. the tail can be eased to determine whether the load is threatening to cause the remaining turns to slip. Tying it: The version shown here starts with two initial turns (often called "a Round Turn"). Add Two Half Hitches Lighterman's (Tugboat) Hitch Details Uses: The Lighterman's Hitch is unusual in its approach to taking a heavy load.com/lightermans/index. http://www. This provides a reliable way of taking the initial strain and is often enough to control a load while the hitch is completed. As each turn is removed. Of these two knots we prefer the Lighterman's for its neat use of alternating turns that reduce rotational stress on the post. For larger loads an extra initial turn can be used.com .
Long Bury Splicing For tapering mark 6 strands. taper. and thread the end for a Long Bury Splice. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Pull these six strands out of the rope and cut them off close to the rope. Pass the splicing tool up the hollow core of the rope. Tuck the tapered tail into the tool and pull it through the rope. Long Bury 12Strand Rope Splice How to mark. Smooth out the rope to bury the end. choosing alternate pairs.
single braid ropes. . The animation shows a short taper with the marks placed on alternate strands. Long Bury technique: The animation shows how to tie a Splice using the Long Bury technique – with no "Lock". The short lengths were used here just for photography. Technora. Requirements: At first glance this seems to be a simple way of making an eye splice – just thread the end up the middle. The strength of the splice relies on the long tail being gripped by the standing end. e. Spectra. alternate fifth and sixth pairs. However. Dyneema or Amsteel. or Twaron. As the fiber angle becomes less favorable. The ropes have impressive strengths but they also have impressive drawbacks: knots or kinks can reduce the breaking strain of some materials to a mere 30%. The splicing technique described here imposes almost no kinking or compression on the rope's fibers and breaking strains in the 90 ‐ 100% range are to be expected. loosely woven. However. or 24‐strand.g. e. several requirements must be met to achieve both reliability and strength: Length of bury: Both Brion Toss and McCarthy and Starzinger recommend that the length of the buried tail should be 72 times the rope's diameter. Liquid Crystal Aromatic Polyester (LCAP).g. This is about three and a half full fid lengths (a full length fid is 21 times the rope's diameter. for Polyester. for a 20 strand hollow braid. 12. Nomex. We prefer to reserve the name Brummel for the Locked Splice and use Long Bury Splice to describe this splice.) The very slippery Spectra and Dyneema require this long bury.. In practice a much more gradual taper is made by marking every fifth pair or. e. high modulus. These ropes include: High‐Modulus Polyethylene (HMPE). Taper: A tail with no taper creates a weak point because the square end of the buried tail abruptly changes the angle of the rope's fibers. 20.. the Long Bury splice should not be a weak point – the standing end of the rope may break first. or Aramid fibers. The loose weave results in the angle of the fibers being nearly parallel to the axis with minimal kinking. Kevlar. This long taper means that the load is progressively transferred to the tail accompanied by a gradual change in the angle of the fibers in the standing end. In fact both the Brummel and the Long Bury have a critical feature in common: they both derive their strength from the long buried tail. some of the load has already been transferred from the outer braid to the inner. 8.13 14 15 16 17 Long Bury Splicing Details Warning: in practice use a much longer tail and a more gradual taper – see below. When tested to destruction. about half this length is sufficient. Vectran. Material: This splicing technique is particularly suitable for un‐sheathed.. 16. Nomenclature: Some authors refer to this as a Brummel ‐ a Brummel without a lock.g. the strain is progressively transferred from the standing end to the two lines of the eye.
Stitching: For a critical breaking strain. Then measure the lengths to be used for the eye and the tail and make the splice. the critical load is only encountered occasionally. and trimmed. In the interim. However. 15 feet. Before making the first splice. Measure again. many riggers. routinely use the Locked version. may displace the tail – even pulling it completely out of the rope – wrecking the ability of the splice to withstand a maximum load. climbers. and inquisitive fingers. Use this information to calculate the length of rope required and try to make an identical splice on the other end. e. shaking. Nevertheless. stitching adds nothing. There is no reliable formula for predicting the result because the settings used in the manufacturing process vary the tightness/looseness of the hollow braid construction. This stitching is made up in one direction followed by a similar return pattern back down with the rope rotated 90 degrees. just like the stitching. The two ends of the stitching are then tied together. The recommended stitching is a serpentine zigzag right through the rope and buried tail. Whipping: For the greatest security. How could it? The Long Bury technique achieves about 100% of the breaking strain. Apply enough load to "reset" the braid the way it will lay in use. the splice should be whipped at the throat – the point where the two ropes exit from the splice to form the eye.. it adds no strength. Locking: The Locked Brummel provides stability. movement. The following technique works when preparing rigging for a mast. . and arborists. However. Measure how much the splice has shortened the end of the rope. Shortening: The long buried tail expands the rope and shortens it. pulled into the splice.g. make a mark well away from the end. It is a quick and reliable way to lock the splice together in the right position.
Weave the two outer loops across the center using a strict over and under sequence. Masthead Knot Mat The Masthead Knot. Using the same end (for photography two ropes are used) follow the same path around a second time. or Jury Mast Knot. Masthead Knot Mat Tying Form three similar loops. when the rope is passed around a second time it makes a pleasing small mat. Thread the end under and over across the middle to lock the structure. Tuck in the end and secure it. enables stays to be tied to the top of a temporary mast. However. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 .
Ashley emphasizes how prone this knot would be to slip. If I ever had to rig a jury mast I think I would try Rolling Hitches. For this purpose the two ends were securely joined to make a fourth loop and guy lines were threaded through each loop to provide a two to one purchase for each guy. However. With such evidence this knot could be located in the scouting or boating sections. Answer Received: I finally received my answer (Dec 2011). p 212) is described as being useful when rigging stays to the head of a temporary jury mast. Maybe! Many authorities certainly described this. because it is more commonly used for decoration. Easy to Make: The Masthead Knot is described here because it is delightfully easy to make – the initial pattern can be made more quickly than almost any other mat. However. I would love to hear from someone who has had the experience of having to rig a Jury Mast.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Masthead Knot Mat Details Uses: The Masthead Knot (ABOK # 1167. Contributor Larry Perkins described using the Masthead Knot with his father to set Poles for various construction projects. They modified the knot using two additional turns woven around the bases of the links. . it lacks the radial symmetry of other patterns and is probably tied more often for its convenience than for its perfection. it remains here. Perkins reported that on rough cut timber their knot held well. However.
the two ends can be heated in a flame and fused together. In practice. The entire mat is then tightened to eliminate space between the turns. and the material is one that melts. Whichever method is chosen. or twine and constrictor knots.Additional Turns: The animation employs two colors to show up the structure and there is space left between the turns. a single longer piece of cord is used and. The mat then has a thicker section and is less suitable as a table mat. one or more additional turns are added using the same technique. However. the junction should be concealed under another turn as demonstrated in the animation. When the mat is purely decorative. glue. to do this an end has to be passed across other turns. Finishing the Mat: The two ends can be secured in one of several ways. Another way to finish the mat is to attach each end to the neighboring turn using needle and thread. . for a more pleasing appearance.
this can be hazardous if you are on the receiving end. It is decorative and fun to make. Pass the end through the middle. Make three more turns around the first ones. Then tighten every turn. Pass the end through the middle. It is also sometimes used on the end of a heaving line. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Monkey's Fist Tying Wrap three turns around your fingers (metal here). However. Monkey's Fist The Monkey's Fist makes a neat ball on the end of a rope. Make three more turns locking the previous turns and remove fingers. Tie a knot in the end and tuck it into the center.
Alternative Finish: Ashley describes a version (left) where both ends remain outside the fist and are spliced together so that the Fist is part of an eye splice. The other end is then terminated in another eye splice. Tying it: The Monkey's Fist is usually tied around separated fingers. For each direction count carefully: it is very easy to miscount and have more strands on one side than the other. a U‐shaped piece of metal strip was used instead and three turns of rope were used in each direction. After each set of complete turns. This allows the weighted Monkey's Fist to be . This makes a slightly fuller knot. p 354) is used both as a decorative knot and to weight the end of a heaving line (see caution below).13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Monkey's Fist Details Uses: The Monkey's Fist (ABOK # 2200 ‐ 3. Finishing it: The animation shows an overhand knot being inserted into the center. change direction by passing the end through the middle. For the demonstration. After the overhand knot is in place the whole knot is tightened starting near the buried overhand knot and finishing with the other end of the rope.
The rope pays out partly from the coil you throw and partly from the coil in your hand. split the coil into two parts (picture on right).com/monkeysfist/index. In the picture below. Dock hands have been known to cut heavily weighted Monkey's Fists off the end of heaving lines ‐ and I sympathize with them.animatedknots. http://www. served as a ship's doctor on a submarine depot ship in World War II. Danger with Weights: The Monkey's Fist is commonly described as being tied around a small weight to make the heaving line easier to throw a long way. E.attached to any heaving line just by interlocking the second eye splice into the heaving line's eye splice. AB Freddie Paz is standing on the upper level of the Foredeck ready to throw the line. Heavier weights can be a danger. the crew had tied it around a small rubber ball. In the picture above left.jpg&Website=w ww. He watched professional dock hands cut off Monkey's Fists and his account remains in my mind).B. Imagine looking up against a bright sky to and catch a rope coil and being hit instead by a heavy missile.php?Categ=decorative&LogoImage=LogoGrog. (Grog's father. Grogono.com .animatedknots. Throw the smaller half as a neat coil so that it carries the distance. Splitting the Coil: Before throwing a heaving line.
Pass a bight of the tail ocross the loop and under the standing end and tighten to take the load. Highwayman's. Mooring Hitch Thie Mooring Hitch is is a quick‐release knot for temporarily securing a boat to a post or ring. With the tail. Mooring Mooring Hitch Details Name: Ashley associates the name "Mooring Hitch" with the Rolling Hitch (ABOK # 1791. form a loop so that the tail touches the standing end. Mooring Hitch Tying Pass the rope behind and over the pole. p 304). . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Release Quick Release Hitches: Tumble. Pull the tail to release. He points out that when snug it will not slip down the post.
such use must be condemned because it implies protracted use of a knot that cannot be trusted and is also prone to jam. the Tumble Hitch is the best. Quick release knots should not be used for retrieving a climbing rope because there are recommended alternatives: 1. frightened by a sudden slip or jerk. However. Even discounting the risk of the loop catching on oysters. To make it easier to tie. 3. it makes more sense to learn and use the Tumble Hitch which is more trustworthy. Similar Knots: Many quick‐release hitches have been described. The Tumble and Highwayman's are also described here. barnacles. Uses: It might be reasonable to use a Mooring Hitch to briefly tie up a kayak while getting into it. many descriptions show a bight of the standing end being lifted up first to make this easier.Tying it: The animations shows the locking bight passing sideways under the standing end. and beams. . 2. Of the three. Real Danger: Quick release hitches share a major fault: entanglement of the free tail with the moving load can trigger abrupt release. Not for Mooring: This so‐called Mooring Hitch has been described as being tied loosely around a pole so that the loop can rise and fall with the tide. 4. bolts. might grab at the adjacent line and trigger a fatal fall. A climber.
This is how the Munter is used for descent. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 . When pulled the knot is inverted through the caribiner. Munter Mule Combination The Munter Mule Combination provides the Munter hitch for controlled rappelling (abseiling) with the Mule addition to belay the Munter when required. Twist the rope above into a loop and hook it onto the carabiner to take the load. around the climbing rope. Use it to tie a Half Hitch to secure the knot. Create two loops and then. The only equipment required is a locking carabiner. Now the hitch is inverted and able to take in slack during ascent.The load is on the climbing rope. tie a slip knot leaving a long loop. Munter Mule Combination Hitch Tying Pass the rope into the carabiner.
Using Thin Rope: In an emergency. When loaded.animatedknots. 7 ‐ 11 in the animation. The animation used the mule with a half half but the Overhand Knot is more common. Alternatives for Tying‐Off: These two pictures compare two of the alternative methods for tying‐off the Munter: Two Half Hitches (Left) and the Overhand Knot (Right). These extra turns are not necessary with 11mm climbing rope. the Mule knot tends to slide down tight against the Munter and can be somewhat difficult to undo.com/muntermule/index. The load end should pass first round the spine side (not the opening side) of the carabiner. modern. and back through the carabiner. The climbing rope passes through a locking carabiner. Then during descent.animatedknots.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. allows controlled descent when rappelling (abseiling). Using a bight of the rope a Slip Knot followed by a Half Hitch is tied around the standing end. and also makes the rope fuzzy if used often. Additional turns should then be taken round the spine of the carabiner to reduce the strain (see picture on left). imparts a twist to it during descent. http://www. round the rope. Disadvantages: The Munter kinks the rope. the rope will not chafe against the lock with the risk of opening it. is used to secure the Munter. Some climbers use three half hitches in preference to two. This final Half Hitch is essential because the weight of the hanging rope might otherwise easily undo the Slip Knot. The Mule: The Mule Hitch. the brake hand need only apply relatively little force on the free end. thin rope can be used for the Munter. 1 ‐ 6 in the animation.com . Advantages: The greatest advantage of the Munter is that it can be used with minimum equipment – just a locking carabiner.jpg&Website=ww w. For controlled descent.Load Invert Take Up Slack Munter Mule Combination Hitch Details The Munter: The Munter Hitch ‐ (the Italian Hitch). Requirements: Use a carabiner large enough to allow the hitch to be inverted through the carabiner when pulled. high strength.
or tippet. wrap the lighter line (blue) around the straw and both lines. Withdraw the straw. Holding the straw and the lines together. to the fly line. Nail Knot The Nail Knot is used to join two fishing lines of different diameter. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . and trim the ends. Lubricate. Make six complete turns. Nail Knot Tying Overlap the two lines. pass the line through the straw and tighten the knot neatly around the straw. pull the knot tight. It is used to join a leader.
The animation above shows the smaller line being threaded through the loops using a straw.com/nailknot/index.anim atedknots.. or tippet. and your fly line to the leader.animatedknots. i. Advantages: The Nail Knot makes a smooth compact knot that will readily pass through the guides.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. The Nail Knot is an important fishing knot used to join two lines of different diameters and allows for line diameters to diminish down to the fly. it is easier to use a small straw if you can.13 Nail Knot Details 14 15 Uses: The Nail Knot was originally named because a nail was inserted as a guide when threading the line. http://www. Today. Alternative: Alternatively. the line can be threaded beside a nail (hence its name) or pulled through with a needle.jpg&Website=www.e. Tying it: There are several ways of tying this knot.com . it is useful for attaching your backing to the fly line.
then back through the overhand knot. NonSlip Mono Knot The Non‐Slip Mono Knot forms a fixed loop and retains a very high proportion of the line's rated breaking strain. NonSlip Mono Knot Tying Tie a loose overhand knot and pass the tag end through the eye. Wrap the tag end around the standing end about five times and back through the overhand knot. and trim the end. tighten. Lubricate. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 .
Number of Turns: The recommended number of turns depends on the line strength shown in the table: Tying it: The size of the loop must be adjusted while the turns are still loose. Advantages: The Non‐Slip Mono is fairly easy to tie and is claimed to retain most of the line's rated strength. Once tightened the size of the loop is fixed. Line 6 ‐ 8 lb test 8 ‐ 12 lb test 15 ‐ 40 lb test 50 ‐ 60 lb test 60 lb plus test Turns 7 5 4 3 2 . e. Transformation: The Non‐Slip Mono undergoes a transformation as it is tightened. Purpose: The Non‐Slip Mono makes a very strong fixed loop in the end of the line.g. Various other names have been given to the knot. The outer short‐end wrapping turns become internal and vice versa. Lefty Kreh's Loop Knot. Because the loop doesn't grip the lure.. 13 NonSlip Mono Knot Details Origin: The Non‐Slip Mono Knot is a higher strength version of the original Homer Rhodes Loop Knot where the tag end was only hitched once around the standing line. it makes a flexible attachment and allows a more natural action.
1 2 3 4 5 6 Compare: Noose. It has many other uses including gaining initial control of the string when tying up a package. It has been used as a snare to catch small animals. Tuck a bight of the standing end through the loop. Noose Knot Tying Form a loop in the end of the rope. Noose Knot The Noose creates a loop in the end of a rope which tightens when pulled.) is identical in structure to the Slip Knot except that the bight to be inserted is formed from the long end – and not the short one. p 204. Pull on the standing end to tighten the noose. It is not the Hangman's Knot. . It is a frequently tied knot ‐ being used in the Arbor Knot and in knitting as the first loop when casting on – where it is frequently tied as a Noose and called a Slip Knot. This page also provides a link to the Slip Knot to help compare these two similar knots. Make the bight larger and pass it around the object. Slip Knot Noose Knot Details 7 Uses: The simple Noose (ABOK # 1114.
for other noose‐ like knots. Danger: The Noose knot is not a Hangman's Knot but it can also be deadly. Louisiana House Bill 726 and New York Article 240.. The New York State Article uses the generic "noose". Tied this way it is the first part of one version of the Butcher's Knot used to secure meat for roasting ‐ where again. 2. just as in knitting.animatedknots. "Noose" Name Confusion: It is unfortunate that "noose" is used in a number of ways: 1.com . and. The Louisiana Bill specifies the Hangman's Noose.jpg&Website=www. A descriptive term for loop knots that tighten under load. Tying it: The technique used in the animation tucks a bight of the long end through a loop. It is deliberately not illustrated here (see below).The Hangman's Knot is related to the simple Noose except that many turns are wrapped around the loop.com/noose/index. "Running Bowline" or "Duncan".. Its supposed advantage for hanging was humanitarian: appropriate use was intended to result in a broken neck ‐ causing a rapid death. It should never be tight round someone's neck.animat edknots.g. 3. The knot can bind and critically restrict blood flow. It isn't.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Several Questions on Snopes ask whether it is illegal to describe the Hangman's Knot. Legislation: However.31 both prohibit the display of a Noose because of its use as a means of intimidation. Sometimes applied to the Hangman's Knot. It would simplify life to use "Noose" for this knot and use the proper names. The knot described on this page. it is often misnamed a "Slip Knot". e. http://www. etc. The same result can be obtained almost as easily by passing the end round the object and using the short end to tie a Half Hitch around the long end. To make it worse the Duncan and the Hangman's Knot are often wrongly regarded as the same.
Twist each loop and cross them over each other. and a fourth. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Ocean Plait Mat A pleasing rope mat created started with a simple overhand knot. With the long end follow the pattern around. Thread the short end across the knot and thread the long end to lock the pattern. Ocean Plait Mat Tying Tie an Overhand knot with long loops. Repeat with a third. Cut the ends and stitch them under the mat. turn.
However. The mat then has a thicker section and is less suitable as a tablemat.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Ocean Plait Mat Details Origin: The Ocean Plait Mat (ABOK # 3490) is a member of a large family of symmetrical mats made by weaving the ends. constrictor knots. The tightness of the original knot determines the number of additional turns that can be added. . Larger ones make excellent doormats or treads for stairs. and the material is one that melts. the junction should be concealed under another turn as shown in the animation. Additional Turns: Four complete turns are shown in the animation. When the mat is purely decorative. the two ends can be heated in a flame and fused together. to do this an end has to be passed across other turns. or stitching. Another way to finish the mat is to attach each end to its neighboring turn using glue. Whichever method is chosen. Each mat starts with an Overhand knot and can be lengthened merely be using longer loops and crossing them over each other again. some of which are very elaborate with many crossings. The entire mat is finally tightened to eliminate any remaining space between the turns. Finishing the Mat: The two ends can be secured in one of several ways. Ashley provides a huge selection of designs. twine. Uses: Small Ocean Plait Knot mats make excellent tablemats and hot pads.
Pass the short end round the standing end and pull it back through the loop. OneHanded Bowline Tying With the rope round your back. It is identical to a normal bowline but useful if the other hand is occupied ‐ or injured.) is a quick. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 OneHanded Bowline Details Uses: The One‐Handed Bowline (ABOK # 1010. p 186. There are three main steps: . Secure the end with an overhand knot to the loop. hold about half a meter of the short end in your hand. Hook the standing end with your thumb to form a loop around your hand. useful way to tie a bowline when the other hand is occupied or injured. OneHanded Bowline The One‐Handed Bowline is tied with one hand.
For this reason. Because a bowline can shake loose. it is safer to form the loop around your hand rather than risk the whole wrist. 2. see the Bowline Page. withdraw your hand from the loop. Still holding the short end. Alternative Stopper Knots for the Bowline: to see more details about the bowline as well as other methods of securing it.1. The animation illustrates the climber's viewpoint with the rope passed round his/her back. 3. Pass the short end round the standing end. it is completed with a final overhand knot tied to the loop of the bowline. . Hold the short end and create a loop around your hand. Caution: a sudden strain while tying this knot could trap your wrist.
Orvis Knot The Orvis Knot is an excellent. back through the first loop and then back through the second loop. Tying it: It is helpful to picture a symmetrical stepladder pattern. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Orvis Knot Details Uses: The Orvis Knot was invented by Larry Becker who submitted it in a contest held by the Orvis Company to find the best knot to attach a line to the hook. It also works well in light and heavy lines and in any tippet material. tighten. and Clinch knots. reliable. Pass the tag end through the second loop again. Advantages: The Orvis knot is strong. Until the final extra twist through the same loop. light. and easily to remember and tie. Orvis Knot Tying Pass the line through the eye of the hook. Disadvantages: As it is being tightened. small. each step is like the one before. Duncan. the Orvis knot tends to set up at an angle. simple knot for attaching fishing line to a hook. Palomar. Similar Knots: The Orvis performs a similar function as other line‐to‐hook knots such as the Trilene. Pass the tag end around the line. . Lubricate. and trim the tag end.
http://www.com .com/orvis/index.animatedknots.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.Breaking Strain: It is claimed to retain most of the line's original breaking strain.jpg&Website=www.animate dknots.
g. the Ashley Stopper Knot is preferred. Overhand Knot The Overhand Knot is the simplest of knots. It makes a knot in the end of a rope which can prevent fraying and can act as a simple stopper knot. . when an even larger stopper knot is required. the Double Overhand. e. Comparison: The animation shows the close similarity between: The Overhand Knot – tied in the end of a rope. Double Overhand: The first turn is often followed by a second ‐ to create the larger stopper knot. Half Knot Overhand Knot Tying Details 5 6 Uses: The Overhand Knot was described by Ashley (ABOK # 46. p 14) as "the simplest of the Single‐Strand Stopper Knots. The Half Knot – a binding knot – first part of a Square (Reef) Knot. Overhand Knot Tying Form a loop and pass the end through it. Half Hitch. Recommendations: As a stopper the Overhand Knot has one advantage: it is one of the few stopper knots that can be tied tightly up against an object or a knot. 1 2 3 4 Related: Overhand Knot. Although the Double Overhand makes a good stopper "Knot". When pulled tight it can function as a simple stopper knot. a Hitching Post. Tighten it to form the Overhand Knot. The Half Hitch – attaches a rope to something." It can also be used to prevent the end of a piece of rope unraveling..
animatedknots.com .com/overhand/index.jpg&Website=www.http://www.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog.ani matedknots.
A loop is passed through the eye. Lubricate and pull the standing and tag ends to tighten the knot. Pass the bight over the hook and down around the knot. tie an overhand knot. With the bight. Pass the bight through the eye of the hook. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Palomar Knot Tying Form a bight in the end of the line. Palomar Knot The Palomar Knot is used to attach a fish hook to a line. an overhand knot is tied with the loop which is then passed over the hook. Trim the tag end.
With a little practice the Palomar is a knot that can be tied in the dark. The loop is then passed over the hook and tightened around the bight below the eye. which can be awkward and necessitates making the loop large enough.com . Tying it: After the loop is passed through the eye.jpg&Website=www. The effect is that this leaves the hook free to rotate in the knot. or a fly to a leader or tippet. an overhand knot is tied with the loop. Advantages: It is recommended for use with braided lines.anim atedknots. Disadvantages: When tying this knot. Alternative: Some descriptions show the final loop positioned against the shaft of the hook rather than pulled further down around the bight. It is regarded as one of the strongest and most reliable fishing knots. 13 Palomar Knot Details Uses: The Palomar Knot is a simple knot for attaching a line to a hook. the fly or hook has to pass through the loop. This limits the hook's movement and the majority of experienced fishermen recommend the technique illustrated here.animatedknots. http://www.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com/palomar/index.
Pass the tag end between the two loops. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Perfection Loop Details 10 Uses: The Perfection Loop is the easiest way to make a small loop in the end of a leader or tippet that will lie perfectly in line with the standing end. Form a second loop and lay it on top of the first with the tag end under the standing end. Perfection Loop Tying Form a loop in the end of the line. Pull the top loop through the bottom loop. Trim the end. Perfection Loop The Perfection Loop creates a small loop which is in line with the standing part of the leader or tippet. . It is commonly used to join a Perfection Loop in the end of a fly line to a Perfection loop in a Leader using a "Loop to Loop" connection. Lubricate and tighten by pulling on the standing end and the new loop.
animatedknots.com . Advantages: The Perfection loop creates a stable loop that lines up neatly with the standing end.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Hold the first loop between finger and thumb. Alternative: It can also be tied through a fly or lure by passing the free end along the path shown in Frame 7 above. Using a "Loop to Loop" connection the Perfection Knot allows for quick and convenient leader changes. Tuck the second turn through the first.com/perfection/index. checking that the loop crosses and traps the end.ani matedknots.Tying it: This knot is most easily tied in the hand.jpg&Website=www. Wrap the second turn round the finger and thumb and then between the two loops. http://www.
at loads as low as 15 ‐ 20% of the rope's breaking strain. Occasionally. sometimes called a Triple Overhand Noose. Loosely wrap the end around the bight twice. people refer to the Poacher's as a Double.. Stronger Alternative: Ashley also describes the Scaffold Knot (ABOK # 1120. making only a single Overhand knot which is not secure. It is hard to imagine using either the material or the technique today. Scaffold. It is also known as the Strangle Snare and Double Overhand Noose. Tuck the end through these turns to complete the knot. High Modulus Ropes: The Poacher's Knot is one of the few knots suitable for use with new ropes such as Dyneema and Spectra. . Pull tight. or Two‐Turn.) is described by Ashley as made of horsehair and used to trap Woodcock or Partridge. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Poacher's Knot Details History: The Poacher's Knot (ABOK # 409. e.g. Bowlines and other familiar loop knots may not be secure with these slippery high modulus ropes and may pull undone. A common mistake when learning is failing to complete the second turn. p 204) which is a similar knot with an extra turn. Poacher's Knot Tying Form a bight in the end of the rope. p 65. Tying it: The technique used in the animation creates a Double Overhand Knot around the standing end. Poacher's Knot The Poacher's Knot makes a very secure loop in the end of a piece of rope and is useful with modern high modulus ropes.
Two Prusik loops are alternately slid up the static rope: a long . but Ashley did not name this knot and did not describe the slide and grip feature. p 300). Pass the knot around the rope three times inside the loop. Load can be taken in either direction. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Prusik Knot (Triple Sliding Hitch) Details History: The Prusik knot was developed in 1931 by Dr. Prusik Knot or Triple Sliding Hitch The Prusik is a symmetrical <strong>Slide and Grip</strong> (friction) knot. (ABOK # 1763.) It appears to be identical in structure to a knot described by Ashley for hoisting a spar. Structure: The knot requires a "Prusik Loop" which is constructed by joining the two ends of a length of rope using a Double Fisherman's or a Triple Fisherman's.Karl Prusik (sometime president of the Austrian Mountaineering Club and often misspelled "Prussik". Make sure the turns lie neatly beside each other and pull the knot tight. Uses: Its principal use is allowing a rope to be climbed. The same number of turns lie above and below the loop. Prusik Knot (Triple Sliding Hitch) Tying Use a piece of cord formed into a loop.
php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Slide and Grip Knots: Because the Prusik is a symmetrical slide and grip knot. For loads which are always applied in the same direction other knots are preferred such as the Klemheist or the Bachmann (see picture on left) http://www.com .jpg&Website=www. it is useful if a load might need to be applied in either direction.anim atedknots.Prusik loop allows the climber to lift himself using leg power. In rescue work.animatedknots. and a second short Prusik loop is attached to the harness. a Prusik loop can hold a pulley block purchase system on a climbing rope.com/prusik/index. if a climber has to be pulled up.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Trim the end. Rapala Knot Tying Form an overhand knot in the line. Lubricate and tighten the knot. Pass the end back through the overhand knot and then through the loop just formed. Rapala Knot The Rapala Knot provides an excellent connection between line and lure. Pass the tag end through the eye and back through the overhand knot. It allows for a natural action as the loop does not grip the eye. Wrap the end three times around the standing end.
13 14 15 16 17 Rapala Knot Details Uses: The Rapala Knot is a non‐slip loop knot usually tied directly to the lure. Tying it: A long enough loop should be left to ensure that the lure is not gripped. . It is also claimed to retain most of the line strength ‐ and this might be expected as the structure of the knot passes the force to the loop via a wrap in the center. it is best to choose the lightest tackle possible to allow the lure to move with a natural motion. If a swivel or leader is essential. Advantages: The advantage claimed for this knot is that it allows the lure to move naturally. The Rapala brothers recommended it for use with their Rapala lures as providing a loop that allowed the lures to move freely and naturally.
RatTail Stopper Tying The Rat‐Tail Stopper takes the load when the line is taken off the winch. followed by several figure 8 turns round both Bitts. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . The line is then passed around the First Bitt. Finally a complete turn is taken around the Second Bitt. Rat Tail Stopper The Rat Tail Stopper is a friction hitch which takes the load on a Mooring Line while it is transferred to the Bitts.
. the abbreviated name "Stopper" is commonly used. Rat‐Tail Stopper has been chosen here. Name of the Knot: On the working deck. In this picture taken of the Insignia's Forward Mooring Station (left). Rat Tail Stopper. The stopper knot itself commences with a Half Knot tied around the mooring line before starting the double spiral. In technical publications several names are used including: Mooring Line Stopper. Demonstration Only: Because a foredeck during mooring procedures is no place for casual photography. these photographs were taken while at sea. Winches: There will usually be multiple winches. many lines have to be first tightened with a shared winch and then transferred to a set of Bitts to free up the winch to tighten the next line. Rat‐Tailed Stopper. and Rattail Stopper. and the port winch is partially hidden by the ship's structure.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 RatTail Stopper Details Controlling a Mooring Line: This page describes a Mooring Line Stopper knot that temporarily takes the load while a Mooring Line is transferred from the Winch to the Bitts. However. The knot described here is the double‐ended version. The Mooring Line was led first from the Hawse Hole to the Winch and then to the Bitts. The center of the stopper line is secured to the Bitts – often an eye at the base of the Bitts. For safety and for convenience the line was not under tension. This allows some lines to remain permanently on their own winch. We waited until the ship had left the Atlantic swells and was travelling east in the calmer waters of the Mediterranean and when the morning sunlight brightly illuminated the port side foredeck. the starboard winch has two lines on it. the forward winch already has two lines on it.
Even with HMPE significant risks remain. Dipping the Loop allows either line to be removed first. and less likely to twist the Mooring Line. Injuries are not uncommon. when two ships are moored close to each other. They are also much less elastic than nylon. which is being tightened or released can lead to major injuries or death. lines from the two ships may share a Bollard. up through the first rope's eye splice. the two lines usually share the same Bollard. which floats so that there is a reduced risk of fouling a propeller. This technique allows the first rope to be lifted off first if necessary. In addition. followed by a length of spiral wrapping. Mooring: Large ships are usually moored alongside a dock using multiple lines. one aft and one forward. a couple of Half Hitches are tied around the line. the force in the mooring line will be many thousands of pounds. four lines are run from each location.Size and Force: The size of the Mooring Line will vary with the vessel's size. there is sufficient energy contained in the recoiling ends to maim or kill. the second rope's eye splice is passed from beneath. To Dip the Loop. All the lines run from the two work decks. on Cruise Ships the diameter will typically be 2. Dipping the Loop: When a line is Doubled Up. more reliable. Rat‐Tail Options: A single tailed stopper can be used for lighter loads. A well equipped Mooring Station often provides a safety cage around the winch operator to provide some protection from recoiling rope ends ‐ see Right Side of Frames 1 ‐ 4. However.5 ‐ 3 inches (64 ‐ 75 mm) or more with a breaking strain of thirty to forty tons. However. and then over the Bollard. the first rope's eye can be lifted off but can only slide up and down the second mooring line. Without this precaution. All Eight Lines are usually "Doubled Up" so that Two Lines share each task. which reduces the "snapback" risks on the shore and on the mooring station: when a loaded nylon hawser breaks. or worse standing on a line or in a bight of line. Standing near a line. mooring lines are commonly made of HMPE. Safety: Safety is taken very seriously. Material: Today. Using a single line. Typically. When this occurs. . the double stopper technique illustrated here would appear to be stronger. When tight.
It can take the load while a rope is transferred or secured elsewhere. Continue around to add a final Half Hitch. Tighten to make it secure (this introduces a slight dog‐leg in the main rope). Continue around going over the first turn. Rolling (Taut Line) Hitch The Rolling Hitch secures a rope to another parallel rope. Tuck the rope between the standing end and the first turn. Rolling Hitch Tying Pass the end around the main (red) rope to make a Half Hitch. It is one of the few knots which can be tied and untied while there is a load and can be adjusted without it being untied. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 .
As soon as the 'tuck' is made the knot is stable as an "Awning Hitch" (picture on left. Version 1 is less secure on rope. does not slip. they recommended the Icicle Hitch as offering the best performance as a Slide and Grip Knot.. There is no "tucked second turn". p 74). a change was made and Version 1 was substituted – the version better for a pole. e. p 304). use Ashley's Version 1 (ABOK # 1734.. It can be used to relieve the strain on a hawser while the "Bitter End" is transferred to the "Bitts" (picture on Right) but the Rat‐Tail Stopper is better.Rolling Hitch and Taut Line Hitch Details Description: The Rolling Hitch Ashley Version 2 (ABOK # 1735. Midshipman's. However. If the tension is away from the standing rope or pole. which tends to be much more slippery.. on small sailing boats it is successfully used as a boom‐vang and. The value of 'tucking in' turn two above the first turn can be shown by tying the knot with and without this tuck. Tying it back to itself forms an adjustable loop (Midshipman's Hitch) with many uses. are used in the first part of the knot before the final Half Hitch is placed. Without this tucked turn. Both of the first two turns are just wound on tightly beside each other. p 298) attaches a rope (usually smaller) to another (usually larger) when the line of pull is almost parallel. Taut‐Line. This became known as a Taut‐Line Hitch and was taught this way in early versions of the Boy Scouts of America Handbooks. It does not bind and. Under Load: The Rolling Hitch is one of the few knots which can be tied and untied with load on. It can also make an adjustable loop in the end of a rope to act as a spring line to a dock." After testing various knots. to secure a rope to a parallel pole (right). So we now have a "Taut‐Line" Hitch employing the wrong version of the Rolling Hitch. Unfortunately. Overboard: The Rolling Hitch has been promoted as the only knot to tie in the following unlikely but critical circumstance: while sailing alone you fall overboard and catch hold of the line which you have prudently left trailing astern and find yourself hanging on with difficulty. p 298). Recent Research: In August of 2009 Practical Sailor reported on their testing of slide and grip knots. Magnus Hitch: A Magnus (ABOK # 1736. the tucked turn forces a slight dog‐leg in the main rope which contributes to the secure grip. where three turns. Uses: The Rolling Hitch is useful to take the strain off a rope with a foul turn on a winch. To attach a rope to a pole see Ashley Version 1 below.. The "pull" MUST be in line with the main rope (or the pole). in critical applications some authorities recommend using the tail end to tie a second Rolling Hitch to back up the first. the rolling hitch often slips under load. the first part of the knot has no 'structure' and the first two turns just slide along. ABOK # 1798. when tied correctly. the one better suited for a pole. On more modern line.g. and Rolling Hitches: A Midshipman's Hitch is created when a rope goes around an object and tied back to itself with a Rolling Hitch Version 2 – the version better for rope. p 298) is created when the final Half Hitch around the standing end is tied in the opposite direction. Rolling Hitch vs. at home. it makes an adjustable Clothesline Hitch. Before you tire. It is harder to snug up but is said to cause less twisting. you .. not "tucked up".. Critical Details: The animation correctly shows that the blue rope is parallel to the red. this knot is likely to fail. Safety Belt Hitch (Left): Ashley also describes a Safety‐Belt Hitch used by Steeplejacks (ABOK # 452. Their analysis concluded: ". It may also fail to hold on wire or stainless‐steel tubing. Moreover. Rope to Pole: However. not a rope.
the Rolling Hitch can be tied using a bight (loop) instead of the end. http://www. However.animatedknots. Once the first part of the knot is secure and. the major strain is taken and the final Half Hitch can be tied with less urgency.manage to bring the bitter end of the rope around your back. The first part of the knot is tied using one strand of the loop. Two Half Hitches will slide and constrict you. This is particularly useful when the Rolling Hitch is being used as a Spring Line. The other strand is kept out of the way but the bitter end is NOT pulled through. the bight can be used to tie one or more Half Hitches.com/rollinghitch/index. as usual. Variation Using a Bight: When there is a long tail end. will take the strain.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. The Rolling Hitch is the answer. You then have to tie a suitable knot to make a loop around you. A bowline cannot be tied under load. attention to detail is essential.com . animatedknots. Even as the second turn is tucked "up" into the correct place.jpg&Website=www.
heat from rapid rapelling. and assessment. However. approaching factor 2 (a fall double the rope distance from the belay). soft spots. presumably. e. on care. Avoid treading on your rope as this may work sharp particles into the core. smokers. and embers. Cleaning: Climbing ropes should be washed occasionally by hand in cold water with a mild soap.g. and rapelling using small diameter carabiners all tend to weaken rope.. Avoid direct sunlight.. and care of ropes ‐ particularly those used for climbing. to a lesser extent. ideally in a storage bag. alternate weekends: every 4 years Every Weekend: every 2 years Sport climbing involving frequent short falls: every 3 ‐ 6 months Major fall (approaching factor 2): immediately Flat spots. and then spread out or hung up to dry in the air. Life Expectancy: Manufacturers recommend a retirement schedules which errs on the side of caution and also. Use climbing rope only for climbing ‐ not for towing a vehicle. repeated minor falls. washing. on the side of profit! How long you decide to use the rope depends on your own inspection. Avoid contact with chemicals. Care and Cleaning of Rope Rope is all to often left in a tangle on the ground which is far from the safest way to store it and usually makes it hard to use. acids. and stored appropriately so that it can be used free of tangles without delay. e. alkalis.. Rope Care/Cleaning Cleaning. Climbing Rope Replacement Schedule: Occasional use. and do not place the rope above a heat source. Rope should be kept neatly coiled. oxidizing agents (present in concrete). becoming stiff. do not use a dryer. preferably after drying. and storage. if the sheath shows no significant wear or damage. sheath damage: immediately . sparks or other sources of ignition. Storage: Climbing rope should be stored. off the ground. and if the rope has not been exposed to damage from chemicals: it is almost certainly safe to use it within the schedule shown below. rinsed free of the soap. at room temperature. Chaos Coil Care and Cleaning of Rope Details Safety: The life of a climbing rope depends greatly on use and damage and. i. bleach. If a rope has not suffered a major fall.e. knowledge of the rope's history. cleaning. Care: Keep your rope off the ground to protect it from dirt that contains sharp small chips and crystals.g.
Unsure of condition or history: immediately .
Finish with another Clove Hitch. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Join two poles Round Lashing Details Use: The Round Lashing is similar to the one described by Ashley for scaffolding (ABOK # 2103. p 342) It is used to lash two parallel spars together to make a longer one. Round Lashing A Round Lashing is used to bind adjacent poles together. . Wrap six or eight turns around the two poles. Round Lashing Technique Start with a Clove Hitch around both poles. Two Round Lashings can be used to make a longer pole.
A common recommendation is to hammer two wedges between the poles. . one above and one below the lashing. This tightens the lashing and makes it more secure.Increased Security: Many descriptions describe the difficulty of making the lashing tight enough to be secure.
The initial turns take the load.. The Round Turn and Two Half Hitches is essentially a round turn fastened back to the standing end with a clove hitch. of a mooring line during docking. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Structure . Pull tight to complete the knot.g. It is similar to the anchor bend but the first Half Hitch is not passed under the initial turn. Go around the standing end to make the first Half Hitch. This takes the strain while you tie the knot. Round Turn and Two Half Hitches Tying Pass the end around the post twice. While one hand holds the strain. Round Turn and Two Half Hitches An excellent knot for securing a rope to a post or ring. Pull this tight. e. the knot is then tied with the other. Continue around in the same direction to make the second Half Hitch.
.com/roundturn/index. http://www. As the name suggests. Direction: Always tie the Half Hitches in the same 'direction'. use as many turns on the post as are necessary to control the strain.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog.a nimatedknots. Tying the Knot: Learn to tie the Half Hitches with one hand! This allows you to use the other hand to take the strain of a vessel that may easily pull with a force far greater than you could otherwise control.animatedknots. or more Half Hitches ‐ either to make the knot more secure or to use up excess line. This consumes excess rope which may otherwise hang in the way or require coiling. it is common to see an additional one.Round Turn and Two Half Hitches Details A Useful Boating Knot: A Round Turn and Two (or more) Half Hitches (ABOK # 1720. p 296) is useful for attaching a mooring line to a dock post or ring although probably less secure than the Anchor Hitch (below). e.g. then do the same with the next (and the next). or even two additional turns. with a large vessel or in a strong wind. If you start the first Half Hitch with the tail passing away from you above the rope. An additional turn.jpg&Website=www. This may be critical when handling a mooring line. the Half Hitches can be tied using a bight (loop) instead of the end. when dealing with such force. These turns allow you to control the load while you add the: Two or More Half Hitches. Variation Using a Bight: When there is a long tail. should be added initially if you are handling a heavy load. However. As emphasized above.com . the Round Turn and Two Half Hitches is composed of two important parts: Round Turn: The initial 'Round Turn' – actually two passes of the tail – should take the initial strain while you complete the knot. The two Half Hitches actually form a clove hitch round the standing end.
Form a loop in the tail. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Running Bowline Details Uses: The Running Bowline (ABOK # 1117. Running Bowline The Running Bowline is identical to a normal bowline but is tied around the standing end so that it can slide. e.. Running Bowline Tying Pass the rope over the pole. p 204) is a valuable way of tying a type of noose which will not bind and can be slid undone easily. up to a tree branch. around itself. through the loop. Pass the short end round the standing end. and back through the loop to form the bowline. Pull on the standing end to run the bowline up against the pole.g. In boating it is recommended for use when retrieving lumber or rigging which has fallen .
The knot may be twenty feet in the air and you have neither intrepid rope climbers nor long ladders. Retrieval: Once the knot is snug up against the branch. the Alpine Butterfly Loop would be better because it requires no threading of a long end to tie it. When not loaded the knot can be easily undone. Alternatives: A similar running noose could be created with various loop knots ‐ including the Noose itself. if the long end option is considered. The first challenge is to find a suitable branch and the second is to successfully throw the rope over it.overboard and in climbing for retrieving objects in places such as crevasses. So long as the rope is under tension. the running bowline will grip its load ‐ or the branch. http://www.animatedknots. However.com . retrieval later can be a problem. At home it is useful to hang a Child's Swing.jpg&Website=w ww. Options: When the Standing End is available.com/bowlinerunning/index. it is often easier to first tie the Bowline and then thread the Standing End through it. The advantage of using a knot like a bowline is that it will not close up and bind on the standing end.animatedknots.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Advance planning provides options: either a light retrievable line attached to the bowline or a very long tail to the bowline.
down a groove and under a strand. Pass it under a strand. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Wrap the long end around the rope. pass the short end down. up. Sailmaker's Whipping Tying Thread the twine between the strands. down and under. the binding turns encircle the whipping to prevent the strands from unwinding if damaged. Tie the ends with Square (Reef) knots. up a groove and under a strand. Similarly. and trim. Sailmaker's Whipping The Sailmaker's Whipping is the standard against which other whippings are compared: elegant and secure. cut short. under. under. Pull them through.
p 547) is the most secure whipping. It looks most satisfying when applied to the end of a three‐strand rope ‐ each pair of frapping strands follows the twist of the rope and is accommodated in the groove. Techniques: There are several variations of this whipping: . The whipping turns are contained by the frapping turns that both grip the rope and prevent the whipping from unwinding if damaged.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Sailmaker's Whipping Details Uses: The Sailmaker's Whipping (ABOK # 3446. This whipping can be used equally well on braided or kernmantle rope ‐ but greater care is required to distribute the frapping turns evenly round the whipping.
this whipping can often be tied without a needle: the strands of the rope can be opened up by hand to pass the twine through between them. As shown in the animation. Burning the end: A rope's end. The knots are then buried and very unlikely to shake loose. three sets are strongly recommended. trim the aramid core shorter than the sheath and burn the sheath to cover and bury the core. Completing the Whipping: The animation describes finishing the knot with a chain of square knots. the short end is initially threaded diagonally and is wound inside the whipping. use a needle to pull this chain through the rope. it is not uncommon to see just two sets of frapping turns 180 degrees apart instead of three sets 120 degrees apart. aramid core such as Kevlar. In braided rope the principle is the same. Number of Frapping Turns: Many texts describe this whipping with just one frapping strand lying in each groove ‐ which necessitates a different start to the whipping. Although melting the end diminishes its beauty. the frapping turns should be distributed evenly round the rope. a large needle makes the task easier and is essential equipment when tying a Sailmaker's Whipping round a braided or kernmantle rope.. and more valuable rope. it is still worth doing as it still seals the sheath. and is recommended. However. If necessary. Ideally. it is sensible. For ropes that do not melt. whipped with a Sailmaker's and trimmed is a neat and attractive work of art. . Braided Rope: It is relatively easy to decide where to thread the twine in three stranded rope ‐ the gap between each of the three strands provides a natural target and the three strands dictate that one pair of frapping turns will lie in each groove. the short end must be left outside the whipping turns and then threaded up outside the whipping and through the rope to trap the long end.g. Needles: With three‐stranded rope. When using a single frapping turn. However. For larger. in smaller braided ropes. provides additional protection. e.
Shear Lashing Technique Tie a clove hitch around one pole. Wrap both poles with a simple lashing. . Spead the poles to make shear legs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Shear Legs Shear Lashing Details Use: The Shear Lashing (ABOK # 2108 ‐ 2110. p 342.) is used to lash the ends of two poles together. Tie off the end with a clove hitch. Wrap the lashing with a two or three tight frapping turns. The other ends are separated to make a pair of Shear Legs. Shear Lashing A Shear Lashing is used to hold two poles together at one end so that the other ends can be spread apart to act as shear legs.
bend your knees. stand on the pole. hold the stick across your thighs and then pull by straightening your legs.Spelling: This Lashing is widely spelled both "Shear" and "Sheer". . Use: Shear legs support weight. Tying it: The two poles are laid side‐by‐side and an initial Clove Hitch is tied round one pole. Frapping Turns: The turns surrounding the lashing at right angles exert a tightening effect on the lashing. A Round Lashing is then tied around the two poles near one end. Pulling them as tight as possible makes the Lashing more secure. The Lashing is completed with another Clove Hitch. A single pair can be controlled with a rope as they lean over a stream to lift a bucket. Various techniques are recommended. Then two or three Frapping turns are tied binding the lashing turns tightly. Starting these turns can be awkward. These turns are known as Frapping Turns. A series of them can support an aerial walkway. It is sometimes necessary to spread the legs apart to open up the poles to make it possible. There seems to be little agreement and some writers use both on the same page. The other ends of the poles are then separated to make a pair of Shear Legs. but I'm indebted to Dana Holgate for the following: wrap the rope around a stick. "Shear" was selected here because it was Ashley's choice.
. Form a Half Hitch in the other standing end. This is a piece of three strand nylon rope and this failure was reproduced easily and repeatedly. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Sheepshank Knot Details Avoid Using It: The Sheepshank should never be used. p 210) but cautioned that they "... drop it over its adjacent bight. It is only included here because Boy Scouts used to be required to learn it. Apply the load carefully. drop it over the adjacent bight..." Failure Under Load: Some modern synthetic materials tend to be flexible and slippery. .should be seized or otherwise secured to make them safe unless the need is very temporary. The illustration on the left shows a correctly tied sheepshank failing under modest load. Ashley described Sheepshanks (ABOK # 1152 ‐ 1154. Form a Half Hitch in one standing end. Sheepshank Knot Tying Fold the rope to approximately the desired new length.. Sheepshank The Sheepshank is a knot which can be used to shorten a length of rope. and tighten it. It is not reliable when tied in some modern ropes and is only included here as Scouts are still sometimes expected to learn how to tie it... and then tighten it too.
Substitution: One suggested use for the Sheepshank is the protection of a damaged or weakened piece of rope. http://www. search and rescue.jpg&Website=www. and boating.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. For example.animatedknots.Eliminate It: If you are asked to learn to tie the Sheepshank. In the critical environments presented by climbing. As a knot. animatedknots.com . it cannot pass through blocks or sheaves. shortening one end and re‐securing the line would be preferable. A more secure alternative is the Alpine Butterfly Loop. the Sheepshank would be almost impossible to tie under load. Practical Limitations: In practice. Bellringer's Knot: Bellringer's use just one end of a Sheepshank (right) to keep the tail of the rope off the ground when not being used. the Alpine Butterfly Loop is an excellent way of creating a loop in the middle of a length of rope and can also be safely used to shorten a rope. please request your Troop Leader to eliminate this knot and replace it with something safe and useful. there are no applications where the Sheepshank would offer an acceptable solution.com/sheepshank/index.
The Sheet Bend would replace the Square (Reef) knot except for the awkward fact that it . It is recommended when there is a great difference in the diameters of the two ropes. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Double Sheet Bend Sheet Bend Details Uses: The Sheet Bend (ABOK # 1431. Finally. It has to be tied with both ends loose in your hands with no load on the ropes. Pass the thinner rope (red) through the loop and behind the (blue) tail and standing ends in that order. it is a "Hitch": it does not join two ropes. it attaches a rope to a Becket (a rope handle or an eye). tuck the smaller rope under itself to finish the knot. p 262) is recommended for joining two ropes of unequal size. In the picture above the Blue Rope would be Becket and the Red Rope would be tied to it with a Becket Hitch. However. Sheet Bend Tying Form a loop in the thicker rope (blue) and hold it in one hand. Becket Hitch: The Becket Hitch is a very similar knot. The Double Sheet Bend uses a second turn around the thicker rope. The thicker rope must be used for the simple bight as shown. It works equally well if the ropes are of the same size. Sheet Bend (Becket Bend) The Sheet Bend joins two ropes of unequal size but also works well if the ropes are of the same size.
com/sheetbend/index.a nimatedknots.com . The alternative version ‐ with the tails on opposite sides ‐ is less reliable. the tail of the smaller rope can be taken twice round the bight in the larger rope to create the double sheet bend. and usually stays tight while the second Half Hitch is tied). Double Sheet Bend: When the ropes are markedly different in size.is not a binding knot – it has to be tied with both ends loose in your hands with no load on the ropes (The Square Knot ‐ with all its faults ‐ can be tied tight against a sail.jpg&Website=www. or parcel. Structure: When correctly tied the two tails lie on the same side of the knot.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. http://www.animatedknots.
Make the first complete set of tucks. Short Splice The Short Splice makes a secure join between two pieces of three strand rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . and then another. Remove the tapes. Unravel enough for about 5 tucks (3 shown here). Short Splice Tying Tape the rope. and complete the remaining tucks. Repeat this using the other end. tighten. Push the ends into each other and tape the middle.
However. The Long Splice required a long overlap in which strands were carefully unraveled and re‐laid with a strand from the other rope. p 427).g. . Pros and Cons: The Short Splice makes a secure join between two lengths of three‐strand rope. however. now. e. Long Splice: The Short Splice is named in contrast to the so‐called Long Splice – which joined two three‐strand ropes with no appreciable bulge and would pass through blocks. In tarred hemp it was feasible – but produced at best a weak result. making a longer towrope or dinghy painter. the two strands in each pair were tapered and carefully wrapped round each other. This is entirely satisfactory for some purposes. it is useless for any running rigging because the splice will be too fat to pass through any blocks.13 14 15 Short Splice Details Short Splce: Ashley describes the Short Splice and its variants in detail (ABOK # 2634. Modern synthetic materials. In nylon rope I have never attempted it – too slippery and too difficult to control. tend to be slippery and. a minimum of five complete "tucks" is recommended.. Then. Natural fibers hold well with three tucks each side.
Rotate each rod to make a larger twisted loop. Pull the rope through the loops to complete the knot. Attach the other end of the rope to this rod. Grog's Sliding Splice Tying Use a rod with a tapered end to open up alternate strands. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Sliding Splice by Grog The Sliding Splice makes an adjustable splice suitable for making a yachtsman's belt. It is made by raising loops in alternate strands in a three stranded rope. Replace this rod with six separate rods. Pass the rod from one end through all the loops.
The original belt is still in good condition 46 years later. The belt is constructed using an Eye Splice at one end and a sliding splice at the other end. Both ends are secured: a whipping looks best on the sliding splice end. When completed. I finally found one.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Sliding Splice Details Uses: The Sliding Splice provides a neat method of creating an adjustable yachtsman's belt. The short rods are then replaced with one longer rod. My files no longer record which journal or which issue. A snap shackle fastens the two ends. Additional clips and shackles can be added to attach knife lanyards etc. temporary taping suffices on the other end while the sliding splice is being made. an eye splice can be added to attach the snap shackle. the rope follows it through the loops. Tying it: The adjustable splice is made in three‐stranded rope. This enables the rope to be worked until the loops are all symmetrical and the rope is restored to its normal shape. History: I first described the sliding splice in a British yachting magazine around 1960. as is the original photograph which was submitted for publication (right). at least one person read the article. Further working and stretching makes the splice grip the rope. After six months of displaying it. Other Uses: One of the reasons for describing this splice was to discover other uses for it. a woman noticed my belt and said: "you must have read the same article that I did!" So. Charlie Pfeiffer wrote: "I used the sliding splice when pulling wire as an electrician. It . About twenty years after publishing the description. Each rod is rotated until a loop is formed to the side of the rope. Six alternating strands are opened up using pencils or pieces of doweling rod. The long rod is then taped to the end of the rope so that as the rod is withdrawn.
" .is an easy way to quickly put a loop on the end of a piece of rope without creating a big knot that would make pulling difficult.
Slip Knot Release . Slip Knot Tying Form a loop in the end of the rope. Slip Knot The Slip Knot provides a temporary loop in the end of a rope ‐ which loosens when pulled. The knot can be used as temporary stopper knot. This page also provides a link to the Noose to help compare these two similar knots. To release the slip knot. Prepare a bight in the short end. Tuck the bight through the loop and tighten. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Then Pull End To Compare: Noose. just pull on the short end to let the rope run free.
animatedknots. For this reason. Slipped Knots: Many knots can be completed with a bight instead of the end.g. A knot tied this way is described as slipped.g. Because they tighten under load.animatedk nots. On this website Slip Knot is reserved for this one knot. e.. this depends on how much load has reached the bight. p 87) is identical in structure to the Noose Knot except that the bight to be inserted is formed from the short end – not the long. Confusion: Some writers apply the term "Slip Knot" to other knots ‐ where any loop slides along the standing end. It can be used as a temporary stopper knot ‐ as shown in the animation. a Buntline Hitch.com . e. they actually function as nooses. such knots also have well known other names. Moreover. Slipped Half Hitch. In practice. Slipped Buntline Hitch.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog.. the knot can then be quickly untied by pulling on the free end to release the bight. it can be difficult to release and almost impossible to pull the final curve of the bight itself out of the tightened turn. http://www.g.. such knots do NOT function as Slip Knots.com/slip/index.Slip Knot Details Uses: The slip knot (ABOK # 529. a Slipped Rolling Hitch. It is one of the most frequently tied knots ‐ being used in knitting as the first loop when casting on – where it is called a slip knot but frequently tied as a noose.jpg&Website=www. e. Theoretically. Bowline on a Bight and various fishing knots that can be slid to tighten. However. the generic misuse of the name Slip Knots is deplored. With some tightly loaded knots.
Wrap the loop around the shank of the hook 7 or 8 times. Lubricate and pull both ends to tighten the knot and trim the end. It was originally invented for use with eyeless hooks but it is still widely used today. . It was originally developed for use with hooks that had no eyes. or tippet. but it is still widely used today. It aligns the fishing line or leader with the shank of the hook. Shrink the loop by pulling on the standing end. or tippet. Grip the eye and both parts of the line. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Snell Knot Details Uses: The Snell Knot allows the leader. directly to a baited hook. Snell Knot Tying Pass the end of the leader through the eye and then through again in the same direction. Snell Knot The Snell Knot ties a leader. to be directly tied to a baited hook.
com .animatedknots.Tying it: The Snell knot requires wrapping a loop around the hook. Advantages: The Snell Knot is one of the older knots and is claimed to provide a reliable connection that preserves the strength of the line – particularly if the thickness of the eye is greater than the line diameter.com/snell/index.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. hold the turns under your fingers to ensure they snug down neatly.animate dknots. http://www.jpg&Website=www. When tightening the knot.
Square Knot (Reef) The Square. The knot is routinely employed during surgery and also underlies several fishing and climbing knots. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Square Extra half knot Surgical Knot . The "Thief" Knot is included here for interest. or Reef. The story sounds improbable because the Thief Knot is awkward to tie and it doesn't hold. The tails lie on opposite sides of the knot. sail covers or a parcel.. Sailors were said to use the thief knot so that they could recognize when a thief had been tampering with their bags.g. Knot joins equal sized ropes. Cross them a second time (red over blue again) and pull the ends tight to form the Square Knot. Square Knot (Reef Knot) Tying Take two ropes and cross them (red over blue) to form a half knot. For greater security add extra half knots. Never use it for human or other critical loads ‐ it may spill into two Half Hitches and then slip. The "Granny" Knot is a common mistake – the second half knot has been tied with the red rope crossing "under" the blue This knot tends to slip and its use should be avoided. It is fequently tied wrongly as a “Granny Knot”. The Surgical Knot makes a more secure first half knot because it employs an additional crossing. e.
It slips. it comes undone. the first Half Knot may bind – but it cannot be trusted. the knot can be tied with loops from the start. you can tie a sail cover over a sail.animated knots. you can tie the string on a gift. and you can tie the laces on your shoes (if they still come with laces). We also learn just how unsatisfactory the knot is. tied in the right material against a curved surface. which make better binding knots for each stage and a secure final knot. A better alternative may be to use two Surgeon's Half Knots. When the second Half Surgeon's Knots is tied as a bow. The Square (Reef) knot can also be tied using bights (loops).jpg&Website=www.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog." (ABOK page 258).animatedknots. e. Caution: Click on the picture on the left to demonstrate how even a "Stack" of Square Knots capsize and pull undone. p 258) is usually learned when we tie the laces on our first pair of shoes. to use up long shoelaces. "There have probably been more lives lost as a result of using a Square Knot as a bend (to tie two ropes together) than from the failure of any other half dozen knots combined. Variations: When the Square (Reef) Knot is used it is common to add additional Half Knots as security ‐ a tribute to how unsatisfactory a knot it is. Granny Thief Square Knot (Reef Knot) Details First Knot: The Square (Reef) Knot (ABOK # 1402. These photographs were created by pulling on the ends of the red rope.com . it jams. it makes a Secure Shoelace Bow.. It is also one of the many knots used in macrame. This means the final "bow" cannot be untied by pulling the ends ‐ but it makes a secure knot. Never use it for critical loads. the experience of tying a Square Knot teaches the fundamental process of tying a Half Knot or Half Hitch. and it is all too easy to tie a granny instead which behaves even less well.com/reef/index. the Square (Reef) knot has many uses but not where safety is critical. http://www. For example. Uses: Nevertheless. Admittedly it is usually a bow that we tie ‐ but the underlying knot is a Square (Reef) Knot.g. That is why surgeons use an extra turn in the first Half Knot – to achieve the binding required while they prepare the second Half Knot. More importantly. Purpose: It is intended to be a binding knot and.
Square Lashing A Square Lashing is used to hold two poles at a 90‐degree angle to one another. Finish with a final Clove Hitch. Twist short end around long and wrap the rope around both poles. Square Lashing Technique Start with a Clove Hitch around one pole. Tighten the lashing by surrounding it with three or four frapping turns. alternately going over and under each pole about three or four turns. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 .
13 14 15 16 17 18 Square Lashing Details Use: The Square Lashing (ABOK # 2114. . Many applications have been described including: making support frames. These turns are known as Frapping Turns.) is used to bind together two spars that are at right angles with one another. but I'm indebted to Dana Holgate for the following: wrap the rope around a stick. hold the stick across your thighs and then pull by straightening your legs. bend your knees. and a raft can be created by lashing bamboo poles across each other. a fence can be constructed by driving poles into the ground and then joining them with bars attached with Square Lashings. Scouting: Square lashings can be used to make a rectangular frame (right). stand on the pole. Square lashings are designed to be load bearing and can be used to create scaffolding. a table can be supported by a pair of poles or branches lashed horizontally either side of the trees. Frapping Turns: The turns surrounding the lashing at right angles exert a tightening effect on the lashing. Pulling them as tight as possible makes the Lashing more secure. when two trees are close enough. Various techniques are recommended. p 343.
It is actually tied as a Double Overhand Knot ‐ which probably explains why it is sometimes known as the Double Surgeon's Knot ‐ redundant because "Surgeon's" implies the use of the two turns.. Trim the ends. or Surgeon's Join. a tippet to a leader.g. is easy to tie and is useful to join two lines of moderately unequal size. e. Surgeon's Knot The Surgeon's Knot joins two fishing lines of moderately unequal size. e. Lubricate the knot and pull it tight. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Surgeon's Knot Details Uses: The Surgeon's Knot. . when attaching a tippet to a leader.. Use both lines to form a loop with enough overlap to tie a double overhand knot. Surgeon's Knot Tying Place the leader and the tippet side by side.g. Pull both ends through the loop and then through a second time.
After forming the knot. Alternative: As an option. Tying it: The Surgeon's Knot can only be tied with a tippet because the usual method of tying it requires the entire length of the tippet to be passed through the overhand knot twice.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com . Advantages: The Surgeon's Knot is one of the easiest knots to learn and is an excellent knot to join two lines of moderately unequal size. the two lines can be passed through the overhand knot a third time to form the Triple Surgeon's knot. carefully set the knot by pulling on all four ends.com/surgeonsjoin/index. to select the size of tippet to suit the size of the fly. Disadvantages: It is rather bulkier than the Blood Knot and creates a slight angle in the line. It is usually used to join two pieces of monofilament. http://www.animatedknots.jpg&Website=www.The Surgeon's Knot allows you. with the same leader. animatedknots.
Surgeon's Loop Knot
The Surgeon's Loop is a quick and easy way to make a loop in the end of your line
Surgeon's Loop Knot Tying
Form a bight in the end of the line and tie an overhand knot. Pass the bight through a second time. Adjust the bight to create the desired loop size. Lubricate and pull the knot tight. Trim the end.
Surgeon's Loop Knot Details
Uses: The Surgeon's Loop is essentially a Double Overhand Knot. It can be tied quickly and easily in the end of a line. It is often used to make a "Loop to Loop" connection or to create a fixed loop that allows the artificial lure or fly to move naturally. Tying it: It is tied in the same way as the Surgeon's Knot. Alternative: An extra turn can be used to create a Triple Surgeon's Knot. However, this provides minimal additional benefit and makes the knot bulkier. Advantages: The advantage for this knot is that is reliable, easy to learn, and some sources claim that it retains a high proportion of the rated line strength.
The Tensionless Hitch secures a rope to a tree or pole by wrapping the rope enough times to ensure that there is no tension in the tail. This end is then finished with a Figure 8 loop and clipped to the standing end with a carabiner.
Tensionless Hitch Tying
Prepare sufficient rope to make 3 or 4 turns around the post. Make a Figure 8 Loop in the end and attach a carabiner. Wrap the rope around the post. Make sure there is sufficent slack and clip the carabiner to the standing end. A kink in the standing end is an error.
Tensionless Hitch Details
Uses: The Tensionless Hitch shares a critically important feature with the Round Turn and Two Half Hitches. It is used to gain secure control of a loaded line by wrapping the rope around a post or tree several times. This is the key to the safe handling of heavy loads. Similar Knot: Another similar knot is the Lighterman's – which starts with turns wrapped around a post and is completed with alternating turns enclosing the standing end. Of these two knots we prefer the Lighterman's because it exerts less rotational force on the post. Advantages: An exception might be a rope loaded to near breaking point because the Tensionless Hitch is claimed to preserve most of the ropes breaking strain. However, this knot is nearly always used to support critical loads, i.e.,
people. The required safety factor renders this advantage more theoretical than practical. More plainly, if you're that worried, choose a larger rope. Number of Turns: The diameter of the post or tree selected should be at least eight times the diameter of the rope. Descriptions of the Tensionless Hitch indicate that the number of turns used may be increased when the post is smooth and polished. Confusing language describes the number of turns. If a rope has made a single "wrap", it has been passed behind a post, and then knotted to itself; it has NOT made "one Round Turn". Two "wraps" for a climber is called "One Round Turn" in boating. In the animation above the rope wraps around the pole three times making "two round turns". Tying it: A Figure 8 Loop in the end is clipped to the standing end with no tension; hence the name "tensionless". The animation shows a carabiner completing this knot. However, the tail can also be secured directly to the standing end using Half Hitches or a Figure 8 Follow Through. Nomenclature: The name "Tensionless" has been deprecated. However, suggestions for some alternative, e.g., "High Strength Tie‐Off", or "Multi‐Wrap Anchor", have not gained favor – for the obvious reason that "Tensionless" is in widespread use.
The Timber Hitch provides a strong temporary attachment to cargo or to a log or spar and can be used to tow a log or spar either afloat or on land. A great merit is that when the load is released, the knot almost falls undone.
Timber Hitch Tying
Pass the end of the rope around the pole and then around the standing end. Wrap the end around itself three times and tighten the knot so that the three turns are gripped against the pole.
Timber Hitch Details
Uses: The Timber Hitch is described by (Ashley ABOK #1665, p 290) as much used for handling cargo "... for which it is very convenient, as it practically falls apart when pull ceases." It is also useful when towing a spar or log either afloat or on land. When used for this purpose, the Timber Hitch is often placed near the center of the spar and a separate Half Hitch is dropped over the end of the spar to act as a guide. Other Applications: The same hitch is known as a Bowyer's Knot because it attaches the end of the bow string on a longbow. It is also used to attach the strings on some stringed instruments including the ukelele and the guitar. http://www.animatedknots.com/timber/index.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www.anim atedknots.com
The Trilene Knot provides a strong and reliable knot to join monofilament line to hooks, swivels, and lures.
Trilene Knot Tying
Pass the tag end of the line through the eye twice. Wrap it around the standing end five or six times. Thread the end through the original loop beside the eye. Lubricate and pull the knot tight. Trim the end, but not too short.
Trilene Knot Details
Uses: The Trilene Knot is a strong and reliable knot to join monofilament line to hooks, swivels and lures. It resists slippage and failures and is an excellent and stronger alternative to the Clinch Knot. Tying it: When trimming the tag end, leave about an eighth of an inch for security. Advantages: The double wrap of line through the eye takes some of the strain and may be responsible for claims that this knot retains a high proportion of ideal line strength. This is more likely when the thickness of the eye is greater than the line diameter. http://www.animatedknots.com/trilene/index.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www.animat edknots.com
A Tripod Lashing is used to join three poles to one another for use as a tripod.
Tripod Lashing Technique
Start with a Clove Hitch around one pole. Wrap about six racking turns around the three poles weaving in and out between them. Make two or three tight frapping turns in the two gaps. Finish with a Clove Hitch. Cross the two outside poles to form the tripod.
The method shown in the animation is preferred because the legs bind against each other for greater stability. p 342) but he shows the two side legs spreading apart from each other instead of crossing. Racking Turns: The lashing passes to and fro between the poles. Forming the tripod then twists and tightens the lashing.13 14 15 16 Form Tripod Tripod Lashing Details Use: Ashley shows a Tripod Lashing (ABOK # 2111. Frapping Turns: The turns surrounding the lashing at right angles exert a tightening effect on the lashing. and can even break it if tied too tightly. Options: Some descriptions start with the center pole extending in the opposite direction from the two side legs. Scouting: Four tripods can be used to support a pair of horizontal poles under a table. This increases the contact between rope and wood and reduces slipping. . In this respect the Tripod Lashing differs from other lashings: it is possible to make it too tight! On occasion. These turns are known as Frapping Turns. trial and error may be required to obtain the correct tension. Such turns are known as Racking turns. A lashing which is too tight or extends for too great a length may either prevent the tripod from being formed or may overload the rope.
Harvester's Hitch) (ABOK # 2124. p 344) has the distinctive feature of providing a mechanical advantage when being tightened. The variety of names for this hitch is a tribute to its widespread use. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Trucker's (Haymaker's. Trucker's Hitch (Lorry. and pull tight. Harvester's) The Trucker's Hitch is used to secure a load or a tarpaulin down to a hook or other fixed point. Haymaker's Hitch. Harvester's. It provides a three to one purchase which makes it easier to tighten the rope and reduces the strain on the final knot. Pass the tail round the hook below and through the Directional Figure 8 Loop. Complete the knot with two Half Hitches below the loop. Harvester's. It is a valuable knot ‐ particularly for securing loads or tarpaulins. Lorry) Hitch Details Use: The Trucker's Hitch (Lorry Knot. Lorry) Hitch Tying Form a bight in the standing end and use it to tie a Directional Figure 8 Knot. . Trucker's (Haymaker's. Haymaker's.
6:1. http://www. and a hitch to secure the end. the Bowline on a Bight. In practice the mechanical advantage is much less. Taking the Strain: After the free end is threaded and tightened. The final hitch can be a Rolling Hitch which has the advantage that it facilitates adjustment. simplest of all. the Slip Knot. The common factors are: a knot to create an eye at the top. the Alpine Butterfly. The other hand is then used to form the two Half Hitches.com .ani matedknots. the three to one purchase. rope is running over rope with considerable friction. Several knots may be used at the top including the Directional Figure 8 (used in the animation.jpg&Website=www. However. The theoretical 3:1 gain assumes that the lower attachment point is fixed and the upper point is being moved. a mere twist of the rope to create the loop.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. However. the load can be taken temporarily by pinching the rope where it passes through the loop. Whichever hitch is used.3:1 Purchase: The arrangement of line provides a theoretical 3:1 purchase. and. However. hauling on the line can be surged and then the friction is an advantage as it helps hold the gain while the end is secured. Structure: There are several variations in widespread use.animatedknots.com/truckers/index. may be more like 1. the rope may be passed around the lower hook a second time before being secured. this tends to be hard to untie after heavy loads and the version in the animation is preferred. Classical Structure: Early descriptions show a Figure 8 Loop used to form the initial loop.
named it the Tumble Hitch. Of the three.crafts. and then transfer his grip to the second and third bight in succession. The user can hold up the first bight. the Tumble Hitch is the best. the hitch should be carefully tightened. 2004 in Google Groups rec. Roo replied. and now shows it on his website Notable Knots.knots but he gave it no name. Tying it: The standing part remains passive while the knot is being tied. created drawings. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Release Tumble Hitch Details Origin: Dan Lehman described a variation on the Highwayman's Hitch at the end of his entry on March 6. The Highwayman's and Mooring are also described here. Pull the tail to release. Pass the tail around the Standing End. . Place a second bight behind the pole and through the initial bight. Similar Knots: Many quick‐release hitches have been described. it is an excellent quick‐release hitch that holds a load until released by a pull on the free tail. When complete. This is now the accepted name for Lehman's idea. Like a Slipped Buntline. Tumble Hitch Tying Hold an initial bight of the rope against the pole. Then tuck a bight through the second one. Tumble Hitch This Tumble Hitch is is a quick‐release knot. Tighten to secure the knot and take the load.
might grab at the adjacent line and trigger a fatal fall. a dinghy may be temporarily secured alongside a high dock. The jam‐proof benefits are retained and the overhand knot can be untied when the quick‐release feature is required. while boarding a kayak. Quick release knots should not be used for retrieving a climbing rope because there are recommended alternatives: 1. the tail of the dinghy painter can be pulled to retrieve it. Other Uses: The Tumble Hitch is suitable for temporary. the final bight can be lengthened and tied off as an overhand knot around the standing end. supervised use to hold non‐critical loads.g. . frightened by a sudden slip or jerk. 3. e. Advantages: The Tumble Hitch is stable and jam‐proof even with heavy loads. 2. A climber. Longer use: To use the Tumble Hitch for longer periods.. The Tumble Hitch can be used to lower several loads of provisions into the dinghy. The design of the hitch transfers the load first to an intermediate bight and then to the final locking bight. Then. when the owner has climbed down the ladder and is safely aboard. Or.Real Danger: Quick release hitches share a major fault: entanglement of the free tail with the moving load can trigger abrupt release. This limits the load on the locking bight and avoids jamming. 4.
or woggle. On the third pass. Finish by tucking the ends in. for a boy scout's scarf. Turk's Head (Woggle) The Turk's Head makes a neat ring ‐ most commonly employed as a slide. Finished. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . braid the end and the loops together. Then continue braiding by following the rope around the same path for all three turns. Rotate the braid to keep it in view and continue braiding. Turk's Head (Woggle) Tying Wrap the line around your hand (wood here) overlapping to start the braiding.
With a large enough loop. it is possible to fuse the ends after warming them using a candle.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Turk's Head (Woggle) Details Uses: The Turk's Head (ABOK # 1303 ‐ 5. for scout's scarves. the braiding was performed round a piece of wood and the work was rotated as the braiding advanced. p 232) is widely used as a slide. the woggle could be undone for use around the camp or. most modern rope slides easily and the woggle may slip undone. Supposedly. For the demonstration here. WARNING: Molten nylon is dangerously hot. Finishing: Traditionally scout woggles were not secured. or woggle. and the number of times the end follows the lead can be varied. However. Variations: There are many variations on the simple Turk's head. if made of a leather thong. Tying it: The Turk's Head is usually tied around the hand. Neither molten nylon. more than one strand can be used. nor the recently heated rope end should come into contact with your skin! . for starting a fire using friction. As modern rope also melts. many more braids can be created before making the end follow the lead of the first round of braiding.
this process can be repeated many times until the end of the loop is reached. . With a longer length.Demonstration: The process of braiding using a single end is readily understood by practicing with a short length as shown on the left.
with no "end" to determine the "direction" there is no way to distinguish a Wall from a Crown. It is component of the Matthew Walker and the Manrope Knot. Wall Knot Tying Unwind enough rope to form the knot and re‐lay the rope. Wall Knot The Wall creates a small stopper knot tied using the strands of the rope.animatedknots.com/wall/index. Tighten the knot and re‐lay the rope. http://www. They only differ in how they are tied with respect to the rope.php?Categ=decorative&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Pass one strand around in the direction of the rope's lay and under the next strand. Relationship to the Crown: The Crown and the Wall are very closely related. Repeat the same process with the second and again with the third which will exit through the first strand. It provides a permanent (small) stopper knot in a rope. Its greater use is as a component of other decorative knots such as the Wall and Crown (Manrope Knot) and the Double Matthew Walker.jpg&Website=www. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Wall Knot Details Uses: The Wall Knot is tied using the strands of a rope.com . The crown directs the strands back down the rope and the wall directs the strands away from the rope. They are in fact identical.anim atedknots.
Trim the ends. 1 2 23 4 5 6 7 8 9 Wall and Crown (Manrope Knot) Details 10 . and Manrope Knot The Wall and the Crown are essential components of many decorative knots. Carefully tighten each stand in turn to achieve a neat appearance. Wall. Here the strands of the rope are used to tie a Wall followed by a Crown to make a ball on the rope's end. Wall and Crown (Manrope Knot) Tying Unravel the strands of the rope and tie a Wall knot. Crown. Then take each strand across its neighbor to make a Crown. Tuck each strand round so that it follows itself.
p 117. They are identical except for the direction of the main rope. a wall in one end would be identical to a crown in the other. Difference: The important difference is that a wall leaves the ends continuing on so that they may be laid up again to continue the rope. In this animation the ends have been cut short and heated to prevent them fraying. and # 847.Uses: The Wall and Crown (ABOK # 672. and the ends can be spliced back into the rope. p156). the number of turns may be varied. Structure: In both the Crown and the Wall. when followed round. By contrast a crown directs the ends back in a convenient position to make a Backsplice. If two rope ends faced each other. make a pleasing ball or button on the end of a rope. Many variations are described: the Crown may precede the Wall. The name "Manrope Knot" is a later name for a "Double Wall and Crown". each strand is tucked under its neighbor. The crown and wall are fundamental components of many decorative knots. Finishing the Ball. .
Pull the knot tight. Thread the other strap in the reverse direction following the exact path of the first overhand knot. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Water Knot (Ring Bend) Tying Details Structure: The Water Knot (ABOK # 296. The wide area of contact between the two straps ensures a secure knot. It is sometimes known as a Ring Bend . Water Knot The Water Knot is used to join two pieces of webbing strapping. p 50) is essentially tied as an overhand knot (below left). Water Knot (Ring Bend) Tying Tie a loose overhand knot in the end of the strap.
animatedknots. The knot should be arranged neatly and pulled tight. However.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com/waterknot/index. the commonly used 1" tubular nylon webbing resisted slipping under both high and low loading conditions.jpg&Website=www.a nimatedknots. Caution: The Water Knot has been reported to slip a little after cyclical low loading using some types of webbing. http://www. It is prudent to leave long tails with stopper knots in them and also inspect the Water Knot to check it has not slipped significantly.The second strap (or rope) passes along the course of the Overhand Knot in the reverse direction.com . Also see Study by Tom Moyer. Uses: In climbing it is used to join two pieces of webbing strapping.
West Country Whipping Tying Pass the twine round the rope and tie a Half Knot. Finish with several Square (Reef) knots. Pull them through the rope and trim the ends. Repeat behind the rope and tie another. Continue making Half Knots in front and behind until the length of the whipping equals about the diameter of the rope. Overhand knots are tied back and front of the rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . The whipping is completed with a Reef Knot. West Country Whipping The West Country Whipping is easy to teach & learn.
The final Square Knot can shake loose followed by each Half Knot.13 14 15 16 West Country Whipping Details Uses: The West Country Whipping (ABOK # 3458. However. . A heavily used rope will shake this Square Knot loose. however. p 548) must be the easiest whipping to teach and learn ‐ merely a series of Half Knots completed with a Square (Reef) Knot! No equipment is required except the whipping twine and it secures the end of a rope fairly well. it does fail slowly ‐ the Half Knots work their way loose in succession and. an advantage in starting at the end and winding the twine inwards: when the whipping is completed. as each one loosens. Techniques: There are several variations of this whipping: Where to Start: When whipping a rope's end it seems natural to wind the twine outwards towards the end. Start with a Constrictor: A quick way to start the West Country is to drop a Constrictor Knot on the end before tying Half Knots. Multiple Square (Reef) Knots The West Country can be completed with a stack of Square Knots but this leaves an unsightly tail. If a needle is available. If a needle is available it is worth burying the ends by pulling them through the rope. It also leaves a fairly reliable last defense if the whipping comes undone. There is. an opportunity is presented to procrastinate: tie another Square Knot and put off having to whip the end properly with a better whipping. this string of Square Knots can be pulled through the rope to bury it. Square (Reef Knot): The classic description completes this whipping with a Square Knot with the ends trimmed. the ends can be pulled through the body of the rope to prevent them unraveling. This has the advantage of quickly gaining very secure control of the rope's end.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Back view Zeppelin Bend Details Uses: The Zeppelin Bend is one of the bends employing interlocking overhand knots. Zeppelin Bend Tying Form a bight in both ropes and overlap them. Giles Camplin. was supposed to have insisted that the knot be used to moor his airship. It is an excellent alternative to the more widely used Double Fisherman's because it eliminates the risk of jamming. Doubt has now been cast on both the use and the authorship. It joins two ropes of roughly the same size. History: The Zeppelin Bend has been described as used to secure Airships. Back view. Vice Admiral Charles Rosendahl. Commanding Officer of the American Zeppelin (Los Angeles/ZR3). Editor of Airship Heritage Trust's Journal Dirigible reported the following in Issue No. It is a reliable bend that can be untied even after being heavily loaded but not. Summer 2010: (1) the docking procedure typically employed shackling two wires together. 60. (2) in later life Rosendahl claimed . Pass each end around across itself ‐ going over for the top bight and under for the bottom bight. Tighten to form the Zeppelin Bend. Zeppelin Bend The Zeppelin Bend is one of a family of knots based on interlocking overhand knots. while still under load. however. Thread both ends past each other through the middle.
Disadvantages: Attention to tying it correctly is critical. He heavily loaded the knots tied in 1/16 inch braided nylon. and the Carrick could all be untied easily using fingers and fingernails. David M. Advantages: The Zeppelin Bend is reliable with very little tendency to slip or bind. Similar Knots: The Zeppelin Bend is remarkably similar to several other bends including the Ashley. Although the Zeppelin is secure and can be untied easily. For this reason we also recommend the Alpine Butterfly Bend tied using the same technique employed for the Alpine Butterfly Loop. The Ashley and the Hunter's consistently jammed tight and would have had to be cut to release them. Hunter's.com/zeppelin/index.com .animatedknots.ani matedknots. its similarity to other bends employing interlocking overhand knots risks confusion ‐ and mistakes. Essentially all these knots employ interlocking overhand knots with the ends threaded through or across the middle. (4) a bend joining two ropes would be an awkward way to moor anything. The Alpine Butterfly Bend. Testing by Roo found the knot to be exceptionally secure and shake‐resistant in all materials.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.ignorance of the knot. Tying it: The arrangement of the interlocking loops and the path of the ends through the center are critical. Delaney tested these bends and the Carrick Bend for their tendency to jam. and (5) a rigger who flew on the R100 reported they always used a Rolling Hitch. it can be hard to distinguish it from the less satisfactory Hunter's Bend. (3) a Zeppelin knot cannot be untied under load. Technique is critical because Roo emphasizes the risk of creating an Evil Impostor when tied incorrectly. the Zeppelin. and the Alpine Butterfly Bend.jpg&Website=www. In this respect he regards it as superior to the Alpine Butterfly Bend. it would seem prudent to avoid the Ashley and the Hunter's. After it is tied. Amongst the family of bends based on linked overhand knots. http://www.
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