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Overhand Knot Half Hitch Half Knot Square (Reef) Knot Sheet Bend (Becket Bend): Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Slip Knot Noose Knot
Albright Knot Arbor Knot Australian Braid Knot Bimini Twist Knot Blood Knot Dropper Loop Duncan (Uni) Knot Improved Clinch Knot Nail Knot Non‐Slip Mono Knot Orvis Knot Palomar Knot Perfection Loop Rapala Knot Snell Knot Surgeon's Knot Surgeon's Loop Knot Trilene Knot
Alpine Butterfly Bend Alpine Butterfly or Linesman's Loop Anchor Hitch Ashley Bend Ashley (Oysterman) Stopper Knot The Bowline Bowline on a Bight Running Bowline Buntline Hitch Carrick Bend Chain Splice Cleat Hitch (Deck) Cleat Hitch (Halyard) Clove Hitch (Half Hitches) Constrictor Knot Double Overhand Knot Eye Splice Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Highwayman's Hitch Hunter's Bend Icicle Hitch (Loop Method) Lighterman's Hitch Mooring Hitch Poacher's Knot Rat Tail Stopper Rolling (Taut Line) Hitch Round Turn and Two Half Hitches Sheet Bend (Becket Bend) Short Splice Square Knot (Reef) Tumble Hitch Zeppelin Bend .
Alpine Butterfly Bend Alpine Butterfly Loop (Lineman's Loop) Blake's Hitch Bowline Knot Chain Sinnet (Monkey Braid) Clove Hitch using Half Hitches Directional Figure 8 Loop Distel Hitch Double Fisherman's or Grapevine Bend Double Overhand Stopper Knot Figure 8 Bend (Flemish Bend) Double Figure 8 Loop ("Bunny Ears") Figure 8 Follow Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch) Klemheist (Machard. French Prusik) Knot Munter Mule Combination Hitch One‐Handed Bowline Prusik Knot (Triple Sliding Hitch) Water Knot (Ring Bend) Zeppelin Bend .
Alpine Butterfly or Linesman's Loop Barrel Hitch The Bowline Clove Hitch (Half Hitches) Common Whipping Constrictor Cow Hitch Double Fisherman's or Grapevine Bend Double Overhand Knot Eye Splice Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Half Hitch Square Lashing Diagonal Lashing Round Lashing Shear Lashing Tripod Lashing Rolling (Taut Line) Hitch Round Turn and Two Half Hitches Sheet Bend (Becket Bend) Sheepshank Square Knot (Reef) Timber Hitch Trucker's Hitch (Lorry. Haymaker's. Harvester's) .
or Flemish. The Bowline Clove Hitch (Half Hitches) Distel Hitch Double Fisherman's or Grapevine Bend Double Overhand Knot Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Figure 8. Bend or Join Figure 8 Follow Figure 8 Double Loop ("Bunny Ears") Figure 9 Loop Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch) Handcuff Knot Hasty (Emergency) Webbing Harness Prusik Knot or Triple Sliding Hitch Tensionless Hitch Water Knot .
Back Splice Eye Splice Chain Splice Brummel Demo Locked Brummel Slice Brummel McDonald Long Bury Splice Short Splice Sliding Splice by Grog .
Sliding Splice by Grog Monkey's Fist Turk's Head (Woggle) Lanyard Knot Celtic Knot Mat Masthead Knot Mat Carrick Bend Mat Ocean Plait Mat Crown Sinnet Chain Sinnet. and Manrope Knot . Chain Stitch or Monkey Braid Braid a Single Rope Cobra Knot Wall Knot Matthew Walker Wall. Crown.
Sailmaker's Whipping Common Whipping West Country Whipping Figure 8 Flake Rope Care/Cleaning Coil Unattached Rope Coil Attached Rope Flemish Bend Crown Knot Back Splice .
Albright Knot ‐ Για δεσίματα μισινέζας διαφορετικών διαμέτρων (Shock Leader) The Albright Knot is used to join monofilament lines of different sizes. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . to join the fly line to the fly‐reel backing line. thinner) line through the loop and wrap it neatly around itself and the loop 10 times. and trim the ends. Pass the end of the other (blue. Then pass the end back through the loop next to itself. for example. Lubricate. pull the knot tight. thicker if unequal). It is often used. Albright Knot Tying Form a loop in one line (gold.
It is important to wind the loops neatly round this loop.g. It is commonly used to join the fly line to the backing line but can be used whenever you wish to join two fishing lines together..anim atedknots. or Braided to Wire. It is only moderately easy to tie but it is suitable for joining different types of fishing line. It is also useful when joining monofilaments with markedly different diameters. Monofilament to Braided.com/albright/index.jpg&Website=www. Tying it: The initial loop is made in the larger line.13 14 15 Albright Knot Details Uses: The Albright Knot is a versatile knot that has a wide range of uses.com . e.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Some anglers coat the knot with a rubber‐based cement to make it even smoother and more secure. http://www. Advantages: The Albright is well suited to slide readily through the guides when a fish pulls out enough line to reach your backing. It helps to hold the loops under your fingers as you wind the line on.animatedknots.
Alpine Butterfly Bend
The Alpine Butterfly Bend provides a secure method of joining two pieces of rope. It is based on the better known Alpine Butterfly Loop. This page provides links to three other very closely related bends: Ashley, Hunter's, and Zeppelin.
Alpine Butterfly Bend Tying
Join the two ends temporarily. Wind the rope around your hand so that the join is by your finger tips. Go around again. Fold the join back and then up under the other ropes. Push the knot off your hand and tighten to see the appearance of the Alpine Butterfly. Finally, release the temporary join.
Similar: Alpine Butterfly, Ashley, Hunter's, Zeppelin
Alpine Butterfly Bend Details
Uses: The Alpine Butterfly Bend is derived from the Alpine Butterfly, or Lineman's, Loop (ABOK # 1053, p 191). It is one in a family of knots based on interlocking overhand knots. It is a reliable bend used to join two ropes of roughly similar size and can be untied even after being heavily loaded. The Alpine Butterfly Bend version enjoys a good reputation ‐ probably because of its association with the better known Alpine Butterfly Loop. Similar Knots: The Alpine Butterfly Bend is remarkably similar to several other bends including the Zeppelin, the Hunter's, and the Ashley. Essentially these knots employ interlocking overhand knots with the ends threaded through or across the middle. David M. Delaney tested these bends and the Carrick Bend for their tendency to jam. He heavily loaded the knots tied in 1/16 inch braided nylon. The Ashley and the Hunter consistently jammed tight and would have had to be cut to release them. The Alpine Butterfly Bend, the Zeppelin, and the Carrick could all be untied easily using fingers and fingernails. Amongst the family of bends based on linked overhand knots, it would seem prudent to avoid the Ashley and the Hunter's. Tying it: Several methods are described for tying it. We devised the method which is used in the animation. It is an improvement on other "hand‐winding" methods and helps locate the junction and where it is to be tucked. This simple technique sets the Alpine Butterfly Bend apart and makes it one of our preferred options. Variation: Our technique does not require the ends to be joined. After the initial wrap, tuck the end of the first rope between your fingers. Then tuck the end of the second rope beside the first and complete the wrap. The two ends can then be passed together as though they were taped. Evil Impostor: Correct tying is critical. Roo illustrates the Evil Impostor which results from threading the ends incorrectly. The Hand‐Wrapping technique introduced here is designed to avoid this risk. Advantages: The Loop version enjoys the reputation of reliably accepting strain between the ends or between the loop and either end. In this version the loop doesn't exist and the strain only falls between the two ends. It has a reputation for strength and reliability. The big advantage of the Alpine Butterfly Bend is its similarity to the Alpine Butterfly Loop ‐ which means learning only one widely trusted knot – and one that is easy to undo even after a heavy load. Breaking Strain: The Alpine Butterly Bend, like the other similar knots, passes the strain around the pair of ends in the middle. This double thickness should minimize the kinking and help to preserve strength. Indeed, the knot is commonly described as "one of the strongest". However, some quoted breaking strains are as low as 53% to 58% – similar to breaking strains for many other knots. http://www.animatedknots.com/alpinebend/index.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www. animatedknots.com
Alpine Butterfly or Linesman's Loop
The Alpine Butterfly provides a secure loop in the middle of a piece of rope. Strain can be applied from the loop to either end or between the two ends.
Alpine Butterfly Loop (Lineman's Loop) Tying
Wrap the rope around your hand twice. At the end of turn one, position the rope close to your fingertips. Continue around and complete turn two back near your thumb. Pick up the turn near your fingertips. Wrap it around the other two turns. Slide the knot off your hand and tighten by pulling on the loop and the ends.
Alpine Butterfly Loop (Lineman's Loop) Details
Features: What is now known as the Alpine Butterfly Loop was described twice by Ashley: Lineman's Loop (ABOK # 1053, p 191); and Harness Loop (ABOK # 532, p 87). It provides a secure loop in the middle of a piece of rope. Load
can be safely applied: from the loop to either end of the rope; between the two ends with the loop hanging free; or to the loop with the load spread between the two ends. Uses: It is useful anytime a secure loop is required in the middle of a rope. A good example is when a line of hikers wish to hook on along the length of a shared rope or as a possible option for the first part of a Trucker's Hitch. Tying it: There are several methods for tying it. We devised the method that is used in the animation. It is an improvement on other "hand‐winding" methods. It helps locate the loop: the second crossing of your hand is near your fingertips and away from the other two turns. This helps you to locate it, pick it up, and wrap it around the other two strands. Setting the knot usually requires holding the loop in your teeth and pulling both ends with your hands. Advantages: It is more stable than either the Bowline on a Bight or the Figure 8 Loop ‐ both of which may roll over. Even after a heavy load, the Alpine Butterfly Loop remains reasonably easy to undo. In addition, it teaches the technique for tying the Alpine Butterfly Bend. This familiarity is one of the reasons that we prefer the Alpine Butterfly Bend over the other similar bends such as the Zeppelin, the Hunter's, and the Ashley. http://www.animatedknots.com/alpinebutterfly/index.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=w ww.animatedknots.com
The Anchor Hitch ‐ or Fisherman's Hitch ‐ is suitable to attach a line to an anchor. It is like a Round Turn and Two Half Hitches with the first Half Hitch passed under the first round turn. Add one or more Half Hitches for security.
Anchor Hitch (Fisherman's Hitch) Tying
Pass the tail twice around the post keeping the second turn slack. Pass the tail over the standing end and under the original slack turn to tie the first Half Hitch. Continue around the standing end to tie the second Half Hitch and complete the knot. The Anchor Hitch is different from a round turn and two Half Hitches in that the first Half Hitch passes under the first round turn. This view shows the knot loosened to show the first Half Hitch passing through the round turn.
Anchor Hitch (Fisherman's Hitch) Details
Uses: The Anchor Hitch, or Bend, (ABOK # 1841, p 309) is also known as the Fisherman's Hitch, or Bend. It is an excellent knot to use for attaching an anchor line to an anchor. Logically, as a knot to attach rope to an object, it should always be called a hitch. However, the name Bend derives from a time when it covered "tied to" and was not restricted to joining two ropes. Comparison: It is very similar to the Round Turn and Two Half Hitches, so similar that it is doubtful if there is much benefit in using one knot over the other. This is partly because, if either knot were being used to secure an anchor line to an anchor, most people would add one or two extra Half Hitches. Many would also seize the tail to the standing end for additional security. http://www.animatedknots.com/anchor/index.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www.anim atedknots.com
The Arbor Knot is used to attach the fishing line to the fishing reel or, as its name suggests, to the arbor.
Arbor Knot Tying
Pass the fishing line round the arbor. With the free end, tie an overhand knot around the line. Then tie a second overhand knot in the free end to act as a stopper. Finally, slide the knots down tight against the arbor.
Arbor Knot Details
Uses: The Arbor Knot is used to attach the fishing line to the "Arbor" or "Spool Center". In fact the Arbor Knot is really based on a noose knot and, therefore, pulling tightens it. Tying it: When the Arbor is accessible, the easiest way to tie the Arbor knot is to create a Noose, drop it on the Arbor and pull it to tighten it. If you make a Slip Knot by mistake it will just pull undone. Alternatively, as shown in the animation, pass the free end around the Arbor and use it to tie an overhand knot around the line. The extra overhand knot in the tag end is essential. As the knot is tightened it snugs down against the Arbor. Some fishermen recommend winding the loop twice round the Arbor before making the first Half Hitch. This increases the friction, which may be useful on some of the more polished reels. Advantages: The Arbor knot is simple, easily learned and effective.
This page also provides links to other stopper knots. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Compare: Ashley. Double Overhand 11 3‐Lobe pattern . Ashley (Oysterman) Stopper Knot The Ashley makes a reliable bulky stopper knot in the end of a rope. Figure 8. Ashley Stopper Knot (Oysterman's) Tying Make a bight and fold it into two loops. Then pull the tail tight and finally the standing end. Tighten the Half Knot first. Pass the loop in the standing end through the other loop and then tuck the tail through it. The underside of the knot shows three separate lobes.
This 3‐lobed structure can be seen in the final Frame. Ashley's description is that the knot ". In climbing. It also forms the basis for tying the Double Fisherman's and the Poacher's or Double Overhand Noose. the Half Knot MUST be pulled snug first (shown tightening in frames 6 and 7 of the animation) .Ashley Stopper Knot (Oysterman's) Details Uses: The Ashley Stopper Knot is the name now commonly given to a knot described by Ashley as the Oysterman's Stopper (ABOK # 526. It is a pleasure to acknowledge Dan Lehman and Michael Schuh for making me photograph this knot correctly ‐ thank you both! Tightening the Knot: Ashley emphasizes that to make a secure stopper. p 86). even though it has a tendency to come undone far too readily. and these are quite symmetrical when viewed from the underside". Advantages: As a bulky. and the Figure 8. Then the tail should be pulled.. . and finally the standing end. In boating.. It is far less prone to shake loose than the figure 8 knot and is the bulkiest of the simple stoppers. stopper it deserves to be more widely known. the Double Overhand is more widely used ‐ for good reason ‐ it is far less likely to just shake loose. Tying it: The knot is satisfyingly easy to tie with a diagram in front of you. the Figure 8 is particularly common. secure. Similar Knots: The Ashley Stopper Knot should be compared to other knots commonly used as stoppers including the Double Overhand. It is also surprisingly easy to get it wrong ‐ as I found out the hard way by getting the animation wrong initially. It is an excellent bulky stopper knot.has three rim parts.
Pass each end over itself. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Side view Similar: Alpine Butterfly. Interlock the two bights. and the Alpine Butterfly Bend. Zeppelin Ashley Bend Details Uses: The Ashley Bend is the name now given to a knot described by Ashley merely by number (ABOK # 1452). Testing by Ashley indicated that it was a reliable knot with very little tendency to slip. Delaney tested these bends and the Carrick Bend for their tendency to jam. Tied the way he employed for the testing. and then up through the middle staying close to its own standing end. It is one in a family of knots based on interlocking overhand knots. Ashley Bend The Ashley Bend is tied using two interlocking overhand knots. Ashley. Similar Knots: The Ashley Bend is remarkably similar to several other bends including the Zeppelin. the Hunter's. Ashley Bend Tying Form a bight in each rope. Hunter's. It can be hard to untie after being heavily loaded. under both ropes. David M. He heavily loaded the knots tied in 1/16 inch braided nylon. It is used to join two ropes of roughly similar size. Essentially these knots employ interlocking overhand knots with the ends threaded through or across the middle. Tightening naturally rotates each end around the other to finish adjacent to the other standing end ‐ as shown in the side view. the Ashley . It provides a secure method if joining two ropes together.
com . the Zeppelin. The Ashley tends to jam and offers no unique advantage to justify its use. it is tied easily by wrapping the rope round the hand. the ends should be arranged as shown and observed during tightening to ensure that they rotate to remain adjacent to the other standing end.jpg&Website=www.and the Hunter's consistently jammed tight and would have had to be cut to release them.animatedknots. and the Carrick could all be untied easily using fingers and fingernails. The Alpine Butterfly Bend. We recommend the Zeppelin because it resists jamming and the Alpine Butterfly Bend because. To minimize the risk of jamming.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog.a nimatedknots.com/ashleybend/index. uniquely. Choice: The similarity to other bends employing interlocking overhand knots invites confusion ‐ and mistakes. http://www. Tying it: The arrangement of the interlocking loops and the path of the ends through the center are critical.
Braid the loop and tag end tightly together (the actual braid length depends on the line weight). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Pull the original loop through the bight. Australian Braid Knot The Australian Braid creates a loop on the end of the line. Complete the braid using a bight in the tag end. It is a called a 100% knot because the breaking strain is close to that of new. unknotted line. Lubricate and then tighten the bight by pulling smoothly on the tag end. It is created by braiding or plaiting the line. Trim the tag end. Australian Braid Knot Tying Form a loop leaving a long tag end.
However.com/australian/index. Line in lbs Braid in inches Up to 6 1" 8‐12 2" 16‐20 3" 30 6" 50 and up 8" http://www. Sudden jerks generate heat due to friction and are more likely to cause failure at lower breaking strains. Techniques: An additional safeguard to prevent unraveling is provided by a spot of rubber glue over the trimmed tag end. if you are a male reader and have a daughter. Although it is not nearly so well known as the Bimini Twist.com . Recommendations: The values in the table are based on recommendations from Leadertec and shows the recommended length of braid for different fishing lines. wet. Breaking Strain: The Australian Braid (or Plait). these remarkable results are obtained in the laboratory and may also be obtained under ideal conditions ‐ cooled. only shows a small number of braids.jpg&Website=www. like the Bimini Twist.animatedknots. and without too great a shock loading. It also presents the smallest diameter. try and persuade her to make the braids for you. In practice this knot requires a lengthy braid to work well. As few men are used to braiding. its supporters claim it is easier to learn and quicker to tie.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. for photography. Advantages: This braid transfers the strain gradually to the knot over a considerable length. I have not found reports of careful laboratory testing for the Australian Braid ‐ and results in use almost certainly vary. Tying it: The animation above demonstrates the technique but.ani matedknots.13 14 15 16 17 18 Australian Braid Knot Details Uses: The Australian Braid (or Plait) is an alternative to the Bimini Twist and creates a strong loop for use as a double‐line leader on the end of a fishing line which can then be used for a loop‐to‐loop connection. is claimed to preserve 100% of the line's breaking strain.
Splice each strand into the rope by passing it over and under alternate strands in the standing end. Back Splice Tying Form a Crown Knot by passing each strand over its neighbor and then tighten the knot. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Complete a second and a third set of tucks to complete the back splice. Back Splice The Back Splice provides a quick and convenient way of preventing the end of a three strand rope fraying. A crown knot is formed on the end of the rope and the strands are spliced back into the standing end of the rope.
About three complete "tucks" are sufficient as no load is applied to a back splice. Structure: The back splice consists of two parts: a Crown (on left) to redirect the strands back towards the standing end.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Back Splice Details Uses: The Back Splice (ABOK # 2813. and the braiding to tuck the ends into the standing strands. p 462) provides a secure method of preventing the end of a rope from fraying. .
Leaving the ends long increases the security of the splice with little penalty. or West Country whipping.Finishing: Finishing the Back Splice neatly is not essential. Common. . Disadvantages: It makes a bulky end to a rope and usually prevents the rope's end from passing though blocks and pulleys. Advantages: No additional tools or equipment are required and it is easily learned and quickly tied. and replaced with a whipping. a whipping is preferred ‐ see Sailmakers. It should be regarded as temporary. For most purposes.
Making a Barrel Hitch Stand the barrel on the lifting rope. Spread the Overhand Knot until it embraces the top of the barrel. Join the ends with a Bowline and lift. and place the barrel on the center and tighten. Alternatively. Barrel Hitch The Barrel Hitch provides a secure method of lifting of barrels. create the figure 8 appearance. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 A B C . Tie an Overhand Knot across the top. buckets and other containers. lay the Overhand Knot on the floor.
) but didn't give either one a name. p 350. one common variation of the second method uses an actual Figure 8 Knot laid out on the floor instead. D E Barrel Hitch Details Name: Ashley describes two methods of tying this hitch (ABOK # 2176 and 2177. and the second in which the Overhand Knot is laid out on the floor and then adjusted to resemble a figure 8 (Frames A to D). In fact. Barrel Hitch is generally used for both these techniques when lifting a barrel upright. the Barrel Hitch provides reasonable security and safety. an arrangement known as a "Barrel Sling". Warning: For stability. . a barrel can also be lifted on its side using a Cow Hitch. care must be taken to ensure that the rope is properly centered under the barrel. With smooth and steady lifting. Also. Today. However. Alternative Methods The animation shows two methods: the first in which the Overhand Knot is spread open across the top of the barrel (Frames 1 to 8). the rope encircling the barrel must be well above the center of gravity but far enough below the top to avoid slipping off.
Bimini Twist Knot The Bimini Twist creates a loop on the end of the line. unknotted line. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . form a loop and twist it at least 20 complete turns. It is created by twisting up a long loop of line. It is a called a 100% knot because the breaking strain is close to that of new. With finger and thumb (brown sticks here) compress the twists to make the tag end wind tightly around the twists. Tighten and trim. Hold the knot and secure it with a Half Hitch and multi‐loop hitch (tuck tag end between the lines). Bimini Twist Knot Tying With a long tag end.
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Bimini Twist Knot Details Uses: The Bimini Twist is used to create a strong loop for use as a double‐line leader on the end of a fishing line that can then be used for a loop‐to‐loop connection. Although they are both shown. spare hands. the Half Hitch was actually untied to allow the animation to be finished with only the multi‐turn hitch. and commercial knot makers have all been recommended. hooks. others have demonstrated that this fails and recommend about 30 turns for monofilament and more for braid. Options: The animation shows the knot being tied off with a Half Hitch followed by a multi‐turn hitch. Many fishermen do use both. Tying it: The many of methods described to tie the Bimini Twist testify to its awkwardness. The animation above employed rope to make the knot visible ‐ but used only a fraction of the required number of turns. This produces a smoother finished knot and is preferred by a growing number of fishermen. Knees. Although one team reported getting good results with about twelve turns. .
Sudden jerks on dry line cause heating due to friction.Advantages: The strength of the Bimini Twist depends upon the strain being transferred gradually to the knot over a considerable length. It failed at about 20 lb.com . http://www. However. these remarkable results are recorded under optimal conditions.jpg&Website=www.animatedknots. This results in failure at lower breaking strains.com/bimini/index. Breaking Strain The Bimini Twist.animat edknots.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. It is better known and more widely used than the Australian Braid – which has similar properties and may be easier to learn. and without too great a shock load. wet. and may also be obtained while fishing ‐ cooled. Careful laboratory testing has shown that the knot fails under some conditions. One severe shock test was made on a 70 turn Bimini Twist tied with 80 lb monofilament with no leader. is claimed to preserve 100% of the line's breaking strain.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . neat. It is used by arborists for ascent and descent. around itself. Bring the end back down. Tighten to achieve a tight. When loose. it's easy to see the two turns above and the two turns below the point of exit for the free end. knot. It has some tendency to loosen and slip. Blake's Hitch Blake's hitch is a <strong>Slide and Grip</strong> (friction) Hitch designed to take strain in only one direction. and tuck it behind the climbing rope and under the first two turns so that it exits in the middle. Blake's Hitch Tying Wrap the end of the line four times around the climbing rope.
It is now widely known as Blake's Hitch and this name is used here. the strain should only be taken on the line below the hitch.. Blake's has the advantage that it can be tied in the end of a piece of rope instead of requiring a Prusik Loop. Pros and Cons: Like the Rolling Hitch. Some writers used to suggest the addition of a stopper knot for security. It is used by arborists for ascent and descent.anim atedknots. Blake's Hitch itself should not be used for traction because pulling directly on the hitch loosens it and allows descent – unexpected and uncontrolled. or Slide and Grip. This maintains a pathway to make it easier to thread the line. In practice it is a stable knot which does not creep or roll along the rope.com . e. http://www. a Double Overhand or a Figure 8.jpg&Website=www. Additional Security: For photography. in practice the end should be kept long. Like other Slide and Grip Knots. Structure Blake's Hitch Details Uses: Blake's Hitch is a Friction.com/blakes/index. Note: This final threading must pass behind the main rope as shown. Tying It: In practice it is an advantage to wind the first two turns while your thumb is inserted up alongside the climbing rope. However Jason Blake described it in a letter to the Arbor Age in 1994.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. However.animatedknots.g. Histroy: Blake's Hitch was first described by Heinz Prohaska in an Austrian Guides Periodical in 1981 and then again in the Nylon Highway #30 in May 1990. the free end has been kept short. hitch.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Note: in nylon tightening this knot alters the appearance. Blood Knot Δημιουργία θηλειάς The Blood Knot is used to join two fishing lines of similar size. Blood Knot Tying Overlap the two lines to be joined. tucking the end back between the lines in the opposite direction. Wrap one end around the other line about six times. Tighten and trim. Repeat the process with the other line. Tuck the end back between the lines.
the knot is usually symmetrical about the middle.. it can be tied so that the wraps are mirror images of each other.g. easily learned and very effective way of joining two similar sized lines. The strength of the knot depends on making at least five. Whichever method is used. http://www.com . and up to seven. e. Alternative: An alternative method is to just overlap the two ends and twist them together for about ten to fourteen turns.13 14 15 Blood Knot Details Uses: The Blood Knot is a favorite knot for fly fisherman. The animation above shows each half being created separately. when joining sections of leader or tippet.jpg&Website=www. It is primarily used to join two lines of similar size. Advantages: The Blood knot is a simple.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com/bloodknot/index. the knot changes its structure.animatedknots. Then go to the center of the twists and create a hole. Pass the two ends the opposite way through the hole. and is one of the best knots for this purpose.ani matedknots. turns on each side of the center Pulling the Knot Tight: When lubricated and pulled tight. Pulling on each line forces the wrapped turns to redistribute the twists so that the inner strand becomes an outer wrap (not illustrated in the animation using rope). Tying it: There are several methods of tying it. which provides a good picture of the structure. Although the twists usually continue in the same direction either side of the center as shown in the animation.
Bowline Knot Tying Form a small loop leaving enough rope for the desired loop size. when there is a load on the standing end. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Structure Bowline Knot Details Uses: The Bowline (ABOK # 1010. Pass the end of the rope through the loop as though making an overhand knot. Its principal shortcoming is that it cannot be tied. to fasten a mooring line to a ring or a post. It has many uses. it does not slip or bind. When there is no strain it can easily be undone. or untied. Two bowlines can be linked together to join two ropes. It can be used to secure a line to a ring or post. The Bowline is identical in structure to the Sheet Bend ‐ in both knots a bight locks into a loop. It should therefore be avoided when. Bowline The Bowline makes a secure loop in the end of a piece of rope.g. for example. However. in the Bowline the tying is carried out using the bight whereas in the Sheet Bend it is usual to use the loop. Name: The name Bowline derives from "bow line". The Bow Line Knot secured the line holding the weather leech of a square sail forward to prevent it being taken aback. Under load. . p 186) makes a reasonably secure loop in the end of a piece of rope.. With no load it can be untied easily. a mooring line may have to be released under load. Continue around the standing end and then back through the small loop. e.
. Safety Knot: Climbers typically pass the tail outside the loop and under the collar to form a Yosemite Tie‐off (left) or they fasten the tail with a double overhand knot either to the adjoining loop or to the standing end (right & below). Passing the end the opposite way round the standing end forms a "Left Handed" bowline (ABOK # 1034 1/2. A half‐inch diameter rope would require a tail more than eighteen inches long but this is rarely seen in practice. The bowline is relatively tolerant of such stresses. essential if you are using the other hand to hold on to the line or the boat! Left Handed Bowline: When tied as shown in the animation.One Handed: The bowline can be tied with one hand ‐ useful if injured. it can very readily work its way untied ‐ I know. When a bowline is unloaded. the tail lies in the middle of the loop. . p 188) (see left).g. for safety. may cause many knots to slip or loosen. on a mooring line. the length of loose end should be 12 times the circumference. Nevertheless some texts quote a rule of thumb which states that. Length of Tail End: An intermittent load. Shakes Undone If Not Loaded: A bowline makes a poor safety knot for a swimmer. e. The left handed version performs satisfactorily but is generally regarded as less relable then the standard bowline. it has happened to me! Fortunately I only lost a scrubbing brush.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Bowline on a Bight Details Uses: The Bowline on a Bight (ABOK # 1080. It is satisfying to start with a plain length of rope and finish with a secure safe loop in its middle (picture on right). form a bight. Bowline on a Bight Tying In the middle of a piece of rope. See also the Alpine Butterfly. Make a loop and pass the end of the bight through it. Bowline on a Bight The Bowline on a Bight creates a double loop in the middle of a rope. Tighten to complete the knot. A bight of the rope is used to enclose both "standing ends". p 195) makes a secure loop in the middle of a piece of rope. It does not slip or bind. . It has a similar structure to a normal bowline. Open up the bight and bring it around the entire knot until it encircles both standing ends.
then back through the loops and finally to the post again. See also the Alpine Butterfly. However. However. This gives a three to one purchase ‐ admittedly with some friction. This knot was one of the justifications for preparing these animations. Alternatively. Several Applications: Foothold: It can be used to make a secure foothold in the middle of a piece of rope. It does not slip or bind. pass the free end of the rope round a post.Tying it: It should be easy to tie but because it is initially hard to visualize it can be confusing. However. . One loop can go round each thigh with the free tail going round the chest for security. Bosun's Chair: Because two loops are created it has been claimed that it makes an emergency bosun's chair which is more comfortable than a single loop. see also the Trucker's Hitch. pass the free end of the rope round a post. p 195) makes a secure loop in the middle of a piece of rope. one loop would go round the chest and one round the thighs. see also the Trucker's Hitch. This gives a three to one purchase ‐ admittedly with some friction. This knot was one of the justifications for preparing these animations. Several Applications: Foothold: It can be used to make a secure foothold in the middle of a piece of rope. It is satisfying to start with a plain length of rope and finish with a secure safe loop in its middle (picture on right). However. one loop would go round the chest and one round the thighs. Emergency Purchase: A Bowline on a Bight can also be used to gain some additional purchase: create a Bowline on a Bight in the rope. unless the rope was a couple of inches or more in diameter it would require a demanding emergency to make one really appreciate the "comfort" of either of these bosun's chairs. Tying it: It should be easy to tie but because it is initially hard to visualize it can be confusing. unless the rope was a couple of inches or more in diameter it would require a demanding emergency to make one really appreciate the "comfort" of either of these bosun's chairs. Alternatively. One loop can go round each thigh with the free tail going round the chest for security. Bosun's Chair: Because two loops are created it has been claimed that it makes an emergency bosun's chair which is more comfortable than a single loop. Emergency Purchase: A Bowline on a Bight can also be used to gain some Bowline on a Bight Details Uses: The Bowline on a Bight (ABOK # 1080. additional purchase: create a Bowline on a Bight in the rope. then back through the loops and finally to the post again.
. Repeat as often as required to complete the braid. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Braiding a Single Rope Details Uses: Braiding several strands is often learned in childhood as a way of controlling long hair. Braid a Single Rope A single rope can be braided by pulling one end through the loop repeatedly. Twist the loop to create the next hole for the end to pass through. Braiding a Single Rope Make a loop which is about the length needed for the braid. This animation demonstrates how to make a braid with a single piece of rope. Pass the end through the loop.
the end is pulled clear of the loop. . In practice braiding is made in the usual way. Then after adding several braids.Methods: The animation shows the braid being tied with the rope's end being threaded through the loop. The strands are manipulated close against the braid ignoring the fact that the end and the loop are getting tangled.
Making a Brummel Eye Splice using Both Ends Make a hole in the long end and pass the short end through it. Brummel Demo Demonstration of the Brummel Splice Structure How the Brummel Splice is constructed. Then. make a hole in the short end and pass the long end through it. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Snug the splice together and pass the tail of the short end down the center of the long end.
The final strength should be 90 ‐ 100% of the rope's breaking strain. Ideal Length. the two parts of the splice lie closely against each other to make the lock. In practice. Strength: The intended strength is derived from the long tail being tapered and buried through the center of the standing end – which exerts a powerful gripping action under tension. 13 14 Brummel Eye Splice using Both Ends Details Warning: in practice use a much longer tail and a more gradual taper – see below. . the force in the standing end is progressively shared between the two lines. However. using a fid makes the process easier. the lock distorts the fibers and would lower the breaking strain if used alone. Brummel Structure: The animation shows how the Locked Brummel can be tied when both ends are available to be threaded through the rope. especially when passing the long buried tail up the center of the standing end. The Brummel Lock: When completed. More Details: For more information about Making the Holes. and Stitching visit the pages about the Locked Brummel ‐ Using One End and the Long Bury Splice. Tapering the End. The short ends were used here to allow close‐up photography.
Then. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Brummel Eye Splice Create Eye Splice in Hollow Braid Rope A technique to create a locked eye splce in a hollow braid rope. Choose the hole nearest the end and pull a bight and the other hole through. Snug the splice together and pull the short end through the center of the standing end. through the second hole pull a bight. Make a hole at each mark and pass the end through and pull. Making a Brummel Eye Splice Making a Mark the length needed for the eye.
3 feet for a half‐ inch rope.g. A large fid may help or a bight of line can be wrapped around the rope and used to pull it through. Create Two Inverted Holes: The whole key to making a Brummel splice is the creation of Brummel holes with spiral twisted sides. The short ends were used here to allow close‐up photography. It is. Note: this additional length is necessary because the splice consumes some of this measured length. Restore the First Hole: Choose the hole nearest the end and tuck the Eye through the hole followed by the second hole and some extra rope. Each hole should be made by carefully separating the strands – exactly an equal number on each side of the hole. . It helps to stretch the hole first.. Now. Restore the Second Hole: Tuck the Eye through the second hole. much easier to tie when both ends are available. The technique tends to be confusing and repetition is required to memorize and master the details. of course. When a bight is passed back through them later. This process can be awkward. The two holes should be made so that they line up and face the same direction. The process of passing the end through the rope. The section between these holes becomes the "Eye". the fibers around both holes are restored to normal and the Brummel lock is complete. e. Then measure off the length required for the final eye plus 3 rope diameters and make a second mark. creates the Brummel hole.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Brummel Eye Splice Details Warning: in practice use a much longer tail and a more gradual taper – see below. because then there is no need to invert the two holes first. Make the Lock with One End: The animation shows how the Locked Brummel is tied when only the working end is available to be threaded through the rope. it restores the twists back to normal without using the long end. The two holes can be made in any order. Measure: Mark the length of the long buried end by measuring off 72 diameters of the rope.
buried. Simpler Method: To obtain the same result using a simpler technique. and stitched. Snug the two holes together. Finally the throat of the splice is whipped ‐ see detailed descriptions of these procedures in the Long Bury Splice. These maneuvers achieve exactly the same result as when both ends are available.Dress the Splice: This process may have restored the spiral twists around the sides of each hole but the rope is still distorted. The rope either side of the holes should be massaged back to restore normal spacing of the strands. Finishing the Splice: For maximum strength and reliability. . the long tail end is tapered. visit the McDonald Brummel page.
Tighten to the locked position. Brummel McDonald Simpler Eye Splice in Hollow Braid Rope The McDonald technique offers a simpler method to create a locked eye splice in a hollow braid rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Pass the eye through this hole to untwist the fibers each side back to normal. pass the end through the further hole to make the eye. Then pass the end through the near hole to twist the fibers either side of the hole. Making a McDonald Brummel Eye Splice With the rope marked and holes prepared.
Accordingly. a much larger eye is usually desired. McDonald Brummel Technique: Margie McDonald. developed the technique shown in this animation. Tapering the End. the strength of a Brummel splice derives from the long buried tail – not the Brummels themselves. The other hole makes the eye. and Stitching visit the pages about the Locked Brummel ‐ Using One End and the Long Bury Splice. However. The result is a normal locked Brummel using a single end but her method reduces the steps and the complexity. therefore requires no restoration. Ideal Length. . only a single step is illustrated here with the assumption that that it is completed with a long bury. The short ends were used here to allow close‐up photography. who illustrates the Brion Toss/Margie McDonald series of Working Rope books. For more information about Making the Holes. does not have to be inverted and. 13 McDonald Brummel Eye Splice Details Warning: in practice use a much long tail and a more gradual taper – see below. In addition. Technique only: The animation shows only the critical steps of her technique. The Difference: Only the hole near the end has to be inverted and then restored. Additional Brummels: McDonald's technique can be continued to produce a stack of Brummels.
after being heavily loaded. It makes a secure hitch to a ring or a pole. Buntline Hitch The Buntline Hitch was originally employed to secure buntlines to square sails. it is more liable to jam and be awkward to release than two Half Hitches. Repeated shaking and jerking by a flapping sail tended to tighten this knot ‐ hence its value. while it is being tied the first part of the knot should not be called a Half Hitch. Buntline Hitch Tying Pass the tail around the pole. Advantages: It is more secure than two Half Hitches and very resistant to shaking loose. Disadvantages: This knot cannot be tied under a load and. A heavy load tends to tighten the hitch and may make it difficult to untie. However. Structure When complete. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Buntline Hitch Details Uses: The Buntline Hitch (ABOK # 1847. p 310) was originally employed to secure the buntlines to the foot of the square sails. Up to frame 5 in the animation the rope merely wraps around the standing end. Make a complete turn around the standing end and then through the hole beside the pole. Form a Half Hitch to complete the knot. the finished knot is a clove hitch around the standing end but the clove hitch is inverted when compared to the clove hitch in a Round Turn and Two Half Hitches. .
where it is known as the Four‐in‐ Hand Knot.com .ani matedknots. The difference is merely in the material used and in the alignment of the final part of the knot so that the two ends emerge parallel.jpg&Website=www. http://www.com/buntline/index. the same knot is widely used for neckties.animatedknots.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog.Other Uses: Although it is not obvious.
The knot deserves to be better known and more widely used. it probably deserves to be used more often." It is also makes the center of the very decorative Lanyard Knot. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Carrick Bend Details Uses: The Carrick Bend (ABOK # 1439. Carrick Bend Tying With one rope (blue) form a loop with the tail under the standing end. . It is recommended when joining two large tow‐line hawsers. Carrick Bend The Carrick Bend joins two ropes securely and can readily be untied ‐ even after a heavy load. it is slightly awkward to assemble and it is easy to make a mistake: you can have both tails on the same side of the knot. p 263) joins two ropes together. Ashley describes it as "the bend commonly tied in hawsers and cables. These other versions of this knot perform far less well. However. an intermittent pull will gradually work the knot towards the tails until it is undone! Place: Because the Carrick Bend is reliable and has the enormous advantage of being easy to undo. It is important that the tails lie diagonally opposite each other. Pass the other rope (red) under the blue loop and then over and then under as shown. Structure: The knot curls up under strain and the attractive. mat‐like appearance vanishes. if tied incorrectly. or one of the crossings may be incorrect. Thread the tail (red) across the loop passing under itself. Then pull both standing ends to tighten the knot.
and both remain easy to untie after a heavy load.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog.Compare: The Carrick should be compared to the Alpine Butterfly Bend. They are both excellent bends composed of interlocking loops.com .com/carrick/index.animatedknots.jpg&Website=www. http://www.anim atedknots.
Carrick Bend Mat Tying Form a loop and then lay the rope across it. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Carrick Bend Mat Details Origin: This simple mat was given a number by Ashley (ABOK # 2287. Pass the end of the rope across the loop using an alternating over and under sequence. to do this . Finishing the Mat: The two ends can be secured in one of several ways. It is presented here as a flat knot. which is the name we have chosen for it. Over and Under Sequence: This small design is a member of a family of knots in which the crossings are taken alternately over and under. the two ends can be heated in a flame and fused together. This is one of the smallest versions and makes a pleasing small mat. It bears a strong resemblance to a Carrick Bend (ABOK # 1439. the same knot can also be formed so that the pattern stands on edge around a larger central hole. Tuck the end in and secure it. p 371) but no name. This can be described as a three‐lead. p 264). Follow the same path around again still using the over and under sequence. When the mat is purely decorative. However. However. four‐bight Turks Head in which the rope has been passed around a second time. Turk's Head Family: The design is also a member of the Turk's Head family. and the material is one that melts. Carrick Bend Mat The Carrick Bend is the basis for the design of this small mat.
Uses: Small rope mats make excellent tablemats and hot pads. the junction should be located under another turn as demonstrated in the animation. Some of the larger versions make useful stair treads and chair covers. Choice of Material: If the rope or cord is too limp. the mat's pattern will not be very stable. Ashley provides a huge selection of designs. The mat then has a thicker section and is less suitable as a tablemat. one or more additional turns can be added using the same technique to enhance the final appearance. . Whichever method is chosen.necessitates passing the ends across other turns. glue. Another way to finish the mat is to attach each end to the neighboring turn using needle and thread. or twine and constrictor knots. Additional Turns: Although only two complete turn are shown in the animation. some of which are very elaborate with many crossings. A cord with some degree of lengthwise rigidity and firmness is an advantage.
except that we used his starting position and followed the pattern round a second time whereas Ashley shows it as the basis for a more complicated mat. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Celtic Knot Details Origin: Our simple example of a Celtic Knot appears to be identical to the starting layout for Ashley's Six‐Stranded Platted Mat (ABOK # 2256. . Celtic Knot Tying Use a strict under and over sequence to tie a simple Celtic Knot. p 365). Celtic Knot Mat The Celtic Knot makes a pleasing rope mat with a rectangular shape. Then follow the first strand round the same path to finish at the original starting position.
The mat then has a thicker section and is less suitable as a tablemat. or twine and constrictor knots. triangles and circles. the junction should be concealed under another turn as demonstrated in the animation. The entire mat is then tightened to eliminate space between the turns. and the material is one that melts. squares. Uses: Small Celtic Knot mats make excellent tablemats and hot pads. Whichever method is chosen. However. Another way to finish the mat is to attach each end to the neighboring turn using needle and thread. They vary in size and complexity with shapes that include rectangles. When the mat is purely decorative. . Finishing the Mat: The two ends can be secured in one of several ways. For a more pleasing appearance. to do this an end has to be passed across other turns. Ashley provides a huge selection of designs. the two ends can be heated in a flame and fused together. glue. some of which are very elaborate with many crossings. Some of the larger versions make useful stair treads and chair covers.Celtic Knots: Many different patterns and designs claim to be Celtic Knots. one or more additional turns are added using the same technique. We included this simple example here because one writer asked us why we had selected it as the icon for our decorative knots section but failed to show how to tie it! Additional Turns: Only two complete turns are shown in the animation and space remains between the turns.
When the chain is long enough. Make another loop and tuck it into the previous loop. as a decoration. lock it by passing the end through the final loop. Form a loop and tuck it into the noose.g.. Chain Stitch or Monkey Braid The Chain sinnet converts a cord into a braid that has the appearance of a chain. for the end of a light pull. It is used by climbers to store rope free of tangles. Chain Sinnet. e. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Chain Sinnet (Monkey Braid) Tying Make a noose in the rope. Keep repeating. and to shorten and add bulk to a cord.
Disadvantages: Although it may be useful when washing a rope in a washing machine. Single Trumpet Braid.g. when being washed or stored. when pulled.13 14 15 16 17 Chain Sinnet (Monkey Braid) Details Uses: The Chain Sinnet (ABOK # 2868. all of the knots vanish as if by magic. Monkey Chain. The conventional Coiling Technique is to be preferred. it is much quicker to make much larger loops. Complete the chain by feeding the end through the final bight. Withdrawing the other end merely shortens the chain by one link. Monkey Braid. the end of a light pull. and add bulk to.. tuck a bight into the loop. and Chain Braid. and repeat. it would be a tedious method to use to "coil" a long rope. Advantages: The Chain Sinnet requires minimal skill or dexterity! . It turns a piece of string into a pleasing chain. It has to be the end you used to complete the chain. The chain is released by withdrawing the end. Crochet Stitch. e. and it is also used by climbers as a means of preventing a rope getting tangled. p 472) is tied by many of us as children. The animation above shows a chain that has been pulled tight at each link. Other Names: It is known by many names including: Daisy Chain. Structure: Tie a Slip Knot in the rope. Chain Stitch. When used for storing rope. it can be used to shorten. It is found on dress uniforms. And. Single Bugle Braid. Alternatives.
Use five to seven sets of tucks for security. Pass the strands into the chain ‐ one strand one way through the chain and two strands the other way. It allows the rope to follow the chain over the windlass and into the chain locker without tangles. and the third and fourth. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Splice each strand back into the standing end of the rope. Chain Splice The Chain Splice securely attaches a three‐stranded rope to an anchor chain using a modified eye‐splice. Chain Splice Tying Tape rope. Repeat for the second set of tucks. Unravel enough for 5 ‐ 7 tucks.
p 445). It is particularly useful when a chain/rope combination passes over a windlass and descends into a chain locker. . Structure: Technically it is a miniature Flemish Eye (ABOK # 2751. Seven complete sets of tucks are recommended. Note: for photography. only five sets of tucks were completed.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Chain Splice Details Uses: The Chain Splice is a modification of the Eye Splice described by Ashley (ABOK # 2725. p 449) completed with additional tucks.
After the first tuck is completed for all three stands. It is neatest when the single strand passes between the other two.a nimatedknots. However. measure at least 21 times the rope's diameter and wrap the rope with tape or a Constrictor Knot tied in twine. the wrapping tape (or the constrictor) should be removed so that the splice can be tightened against the chain. burn the three ends and wrap the rope at the correct length. in many yachts where the anchor is only used occasionally.com . Lay the three strands down beside the rope and thread them through adjacent standing strands as close to the chain as possible. For seven tucks. Practical aspects: As when making the Eye Splice. It should be inspected if used frequently and a worn splice should be cut off and remade a few inches further up the rope.animatedknots.jpg&Website=www. keep each end as neat and tightly wound as possible ‐ at least for the first three tucks.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. a chain splice may be subject to heavy load and chafing. Making the Splice: Pass two strands together through the end of the chain and pass the third strand in the reverse direction. Remember to twist each tail tightly before pulling on it! Durability: By its nature.Preparation: To prevent chaos.com/chainsplice/index. Complete the remainder of the splice by tucking each tail over and under standing strands. Unravel the strands back to the tape or twine. the chain may rust and become untrustworthy long before the splice shows significant wear! http://www.
Linked to this page is a another page about cleating a halyard. It is frequently used to secure a mooring line to a dock cleat. It has many other uses. Cleat Hitch (Deck) The Cleat Hitch attaches a rope to a cleat. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . and back across the middle.. e. However. A better solution is to use the tail to tie a Rolling Hitch around the Standing End. and sheets. Cleat Hitch for a Dock Line Tying Do not bring the line around the near horn. Coiling the rope as a Flemish Flake is a common option.g. it collects dirt and eventually leaves a spiral stain on the deck. This is secure and keeps the deck clear. then around the other. Go around the far horn. There is often spare rope left unused. for dinghy bow lines. Continue making several more figure 8 turns around each horn.
slippery. I am indebted to Kevin Redden for the following practical advice: two crossovers is the bare minimum. Today's ropes may be stronger. Some modern illustrations still show only a single crossover followed by a Half Hitch. always add more – certainly enough to handle any storm load. Use a Locking Hitch? In other situations a locking hitch is commonly used. First. a towline should always be monitored. and flag halyards. Acknowledgements: Several people have written to provide suggestions about this knot. he was writing when tarred hemp was the rope of choice. e. a capsize. of course. Halyard Rolling Hitch Cleat Hitch for a Dock Line Details Uses: The Cleat Hitch secures a rope to a cleat. and more elastic (nylon rope stretches by more than 5% when loaded to 20% of its rated breaking strain). History: "Belaying a rope" means securing it or making it fast. page 284). No Round Turn: After passing the rope around two horns of the cleat. No Locking Hitch? Several skippers have written to say that there are situations when a Locking Turn should not be used: Large Vessels: The uniform practice on large vessels is to never cleat the ropes. However. Before cleats were common.. In all other situations. This is because the Figure 8 Turns lift the rope up against the horns and out of the way of the first turn. Ashley describes several variations including the use of a single hitch by itself (ABOK # 1594. a rope used to be secured to a vertical pin in a wooden beam called. Number of Turns: In most of Ashley's illustrations he shows astonishingly few turns. An intermittent load on a nylon rope may transmit tension to the Half Hitch and make release awkward. Now if a towline briefly becomes slack.g. Towing: Never cleat either end of a towline. the dock lines for a yacht left in a harbor. It is deceptively simple and an unwary skipper who invites visitors to cleat a mooring line may be astonished and dismayed by the unsatisfactory results. the ability to quickly release either end is essential. Second. a "Belaying Pin". Sheeting a Sail: Never cleat the sheet controlling a sail – rapid release may be critically important in preventing a disaster. the initial turn can separate away from the cleat and then clamp down on top of the second turn making it impossible to release the rope while there is load on the towline. always cross over and make figure 8 turns afterwards. e. thinner. See also using a cleat hitch for Securing a Halyard.g.. the halyards cleated to the mast. In particular it is a pleasure to thank Kevin Redden who explained the risk of using a full round turn and provided a recommendation about the . There is a risk if the initial turn continues around and under the first horn a second time (making a complete round turn). Starting round the wrong horn increases the risk of a jam. and only for temporary use in sheltered conditions.10 11 Flemish Flake Options: Deck. First Horn: Initially the rope must be led round the most distant horn of the cleat followed by a turn in the same direction round the other horn.
com/cleatdeck/index. http://www.jpg&Website=www.number of crossover turns.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com .ani matedknots.animatedknots.
. and Cleating a sheet: always cross the center after the first two horns. Continue down across the middle. No Round Turn: As shown in the animation. Halyard 8 9 Cleat Hitch for a Halyard Details Uses: The Cleat Hitch secures a rope to a cleat. inevitably. Cleat Hitch (Halyard) The Cleat Hitch attaches a halyard to a cleat. a uniform technique is recommended when Mooring. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Options: Deck. the rope passes around the first two horns in the same direction. The direction chosen is often arbitrary. It is deceptively simple and an unwary skipper who invites visitors to secure a halyard may be astonished and dismayed by the unsatisfactory results. By contrast. goes around the lower horn first. Twist a loop in the rope and hook it on the cleat as a Half Hitch. However. First Horn: A mooring rope reaches a deck cleat at an angle and must be led round the most distant horn of the cleat first. Cleat Hitch for a Halyard Tying Pass the rope around the bottom horn and on around over the top. For a halyard there may little harm in continuing in the same direction around the lower horn again. and then up across again. for safety. Towing. a halyard usually falls roughly parallel to the cleat and.
Tightening a Halyard: A halyard may be subject to a considerable load. there may not be a winch. The animation shows only a single crossover before the crossover with the Half Hitch. An extreme load may transmit tension to the Half Hitch and make release awkward. he was writing when tarred hemp was the rope of choice. page 284). additional crossover turns are commonly used.com . http://www. one person holds the tail and takes up slack while another swings sideways on the rope above to gain the slack. However. Number of Turns: In most of Ashley's illustrations he shows astonishingly few turns. and more elastic (nylon rope stretches by more than 5% when loaded to 20% of its rated breaking strain). After the rope has passed around the bottom and top horns.ani matedknots. On older sailing boats. a rope used to be secured to a vertical pin in a wooden beam called.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. thinner. Before cleats were common. of course. Today's ropes may be stronger.animatedknots.jpg&Website=www.com/cleatvert/index. slippery. For this reason. History: "Belaying a rope" means securing it or making it fast. a "Belaying Pin". Ashley describes several variations including the use of a single hitch by itself (ABOK # 1594.
To make the hitch secure. Clove Hitch tying using Half Hitches Form a loop in the working end of the rope. paradoxically. It should be deeply distrusted when used by itself. and in . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Options: Half Hitches. For example. included here with the intention of condemning it. Because it is simple. It can be used to attach a rope to a pole or ring. Place it over the post and tighten. it <strong>must</strong> be used with caution because it can jam or slip. it is widely known. Place it over the post. It does have two giant faults: it slips and. Using End 8 9 Clove Hitch using Half Hitches Details Alternatives: In addition to tying it Using Half Hitches. can also bind. in the theater it is used to adjust the height of stage curtains hanging from a bar. Only two Half Hitches were used. Clove Hitch (Half Hitches) The Clove Hitch is formed by making two Half Hitches. originally. Uses: As shown in this animation. additional Half Hitches must be added in the same manner. Using Loops. Form a second loop identical to the first. p 224) was. This page links to a another page showing how to tie the Clove Hitch using the end. The Clove Hitch has various applications. However. the Clove Hitch can make a quick hitch. the Clove Hitch can also be tied by Threading the End and by Using Stacked Loops Caution: The Clove Hitch (ABOK # 1245.
then you are inviting a major strain to cause the earlier turns to bind tightly and become impossible to untie. Each time the bow mooring line was handed to the marina assistant. multiple clove hitches.animatedknots. if on a boat you feel an urge to use a clove hitch ‐ resist! Choose something else unless you are merely hanging a fender. the Clove Hitch's problems are slipping and binding: Slipping: I watched a friend trying to dock his 53' Hatteras. i. Dangers: As stated above. Binding: Finally. in the process you actually create a clove hitch round the standing end! http://www. he used a clove hitch to attach the line to the dock's post.com/clovehalfhitches/index.jpg&Website= www. This process was repeated seven times despite increasingly forceful requests that some other knot be employed to secure the line.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.animatedknots.. So.com . Each time he did so the strain was too much for the Clove Hitch.boating it can be used to initially position a fender hanging from a rail.e. Both are described in the section about the Clove Hitch tied by Threading the End. Alternatives: There are good alternatives available: Mooring: o A Round Turn and Two Half Hitches o Rolling Hitch o Bowline o Cleat Hitch Temporary whipping for a frayed rope end o Constrictor Knot Paradox: When you tie the round turn and two Half Hitches. The offshore wind was blowing the stern away so my friend used his engines to swing the stern in. It is not a knot to be used alone. if you make the knot secure by stacking on additional Half Hitches. Reviewing the events later it became apparent that the assistant was using the only knot he knew. which slipped undone.
Keep repeating. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Tighten the loose half knots and trim the ends off. Tuck the ends inside the loose knots. It is commonly used in military shoulder lanyards. Tie a half knot around the loop and tighten. Cobra Knot The Cobra Knot creates a neat lanyard. Cobra Knot (Solomon Bar or Portuguese Sinnet) Tying Make a loop and tie an overhand knot. Leave the last several knots loose (only two shown here). tie another half knot and tighten. Keeping the same rope in front.
the result is a neat spiral. The finished lanyard can be attached to the pull‐ring using a Girth Hitch. The two Cobra versions are known as a Square Knot and a Spiral Stitch.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Cobra Knot (Solomon Bar or Portuguese Sinnet) Details Uses: The Cobra knot (Solomon Bar or Portuguese Sinnet) is one of the commonest lanyard knots. it provides an excellent lanyard pull for a snap shackle. Variations: The version shown here uses a stack of alternating Half Knots. Alternatively. It is very widely used in military shoulder lanyards and in many macrame patterns Application: When completed as shown in the animation. . making a stack of granny knots. Macrame Names: Unfortunately macrame uses totally different names. the same Half Hitch can be repeated. In effect it is a stack of Square Knots tied around a core.
can be hung from the cleat or belaying pin (ABOK # 3088. Coil Attached Rope How to coil an attached rope like a halyard or a sheet and then secure the coil so that it can be readily undone to run out freely when required. e. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Coiling Attached Rope Details Uses: An attached rope. a halyard.g.. Hang the loop on the cleat. The bight supporting the coil can be unhooked very quickly to allow the coil to be rapidly released: when the coil is laid on the deck the rope should run freely without kinks or tangles. Leave enough slack to form the final loop. . Pull a twisted loop of the slack through the coil. Attached Rope Coiling Start from where the rope is attached to the cleat. p 513) using a twisted bight. Make the coil with alternate turns over and under the rope.
the halyard is then more likely to stay securely coiled but can still be released very rapidly. This method takes slightly longer to release the coil. the coil can be finished like the Unattached Coil: the halyard is used to wrap the coil and then a bight of it is passed over the top of the coil. Nothing to Hang the Coil On: If there is no space on the cleat to hang the coil on. There are several options. Untwisted Wraps: As an alternative to hanging the coil on a twisted loop. . These turns bind the coil and may hold it more securely. The coil is started from the cleat. Figure 8 Coil: A Figure 8 coil (right) can be used to avoid introducing twists and can be secured in the same way. a larger bight can be left and then wrapped two or three times through the coil before being hooked on to the cleat.Never Wrap the Coil with the Tail End: Tension on the halyard can tighten the turns in the coil around the bight and can make releasing the bight almost impossible. Alternating turns are laid over (Frame 3) and under (Frame 4) to avoid twists. Variations: The animation demonstrates a round coil being made where the tail is secured to the foot of the mast. In heavy weather. More Secure Loop: If the slack is left long enough. the twisted loop can be passed behind the tight halyard before being hooked on the cleat.
Continue making loops alternating over and under. Pass a bight through the coil. Coil Unattached Rope How to coil an unattached rope in your hands and make a secure bundle which preserves the coil neatly. Wrap the end around the coil several times. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Each alternate strand is inverted. Pull tight. Spread the bight out and bring it back down over the coil. Coiling Unattached Rope Start making a coil in your hand.
twist the rope slightly as you lay it in your hand. These alternate turns lie "under" the line rather than "over" it. The end used to wrap the coil should release without twists or tangles. p 513). Alternating over and under turns avoids the accumulation of multiple twists in the rope. Note: The wrapping turns do introduce twists into the rope. rope (like a climbing rope) is best stored in a neat coil (ABOK # 3089. Figure 8 Coil: Another popular technique for avoiding twists and tangle is the Figure 8 Coil (left): no twist is put in the rope as you form each turn. twist alternate turns in opposite directions. To make each turn form a neat loop. However. and should remain undisturbed even if the rope is allowed to run out rapidly. The bight is spread out and tightened around the coil to preserve this lay until you need to use the rope. or unattached. a bight is passed through the coil where your fingers were. the coil should be laid on the ground with the end used to start the coil underneath. To avoid introducing multiple twists. because only a short end is involved the turns are easily shaken out. as shown in frame 5 above. The reason that this method of uncoiling is important is that it has to be used to allow a halyard to run freely and practice makes perfect. Instead each turn is laid as a . These turns start away from the end and work upwards towards your hand Finally.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Coiling Unattached Rope Details Uses: A free. This technique of coiling a rope is also known as a Buntline or Gasket Coil Making the Coil: Start by leaving the end slightly longer than the coil ‐ so it remains outside the coil to avoid tangles. Finishing the Coil: The coil is finished by winding the rope tightly round the coil ‐ with a finger (or your hand for large ropes) still inside the coil to maintain the lay of the turns. The coil should be well secured so that it will remain tidily coiled and can be used quickly and easily without tangles or twists. however. Using the Coil: After unwrapping. this end should have been "left outside the coil" at the beginning.
Precautions: Avoid introducing twists by using either the Figure 8 Coil or the alternating over and under method shown in the animation. The result is a large coil. the end is passed through the center of the coil several times to wrap the turns and keep the coil neat. when undoing the coil it is critical to carefully undo these wraps to avoid a tangle. the bulk of a climbing rope makes it hard to hold to complete the coil as shown in the animation. The coil is then folded at the mid point ‐ where it passed behind your neck. The ends are used to wrap the coil and then tucked through and over the coil as shown in Frames 17 to 21. Mountaineer's Coil: After the coil has been made. The resulting coil is not as neat but maintains the rope ready for use and likely to run out with no tangles. Because this technique requires the end to pass through the coil several times.stack of overlapping Figure 8 turns. Climbing Rope: A Climbing Rope is long and heavy and requires special coiling technique's. Closely observe any rope as it is paid out to ensure there are no kinks or knots. The Coil is made with the rope doubled. That is because when completed. hanging from your neck. The coil is formed behind your neck picking up the doubled rope first with one of your outstretched hands and then the other. Starting from the mid point. the doubled rope is first laid loosely on the ground. made up of double strands laid in a Figure 8 pattern. The finished coil can then be carried by tying the two ends around your body. The coil is completed in the same way. Both ends are held in one hand – with about six feet (two meters) hanging free. There are two common alternatives: Butterfly Coil: The Butterfly Coil is made behind your neck so the weight is taken on your shoulders. .
Make a bight in the short end. On the final turn pass the long end through the bight. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Common Whipping This simple whipping technique can be done quickly. Trim the ends off. Common Whipping Tying Lay the twine against the rope and wrap the long end around the rope about 8 turns. During the whipping a loop is incorporated which is used to pull the final turn into the whipping. Wrap the long end about 8 more times around both the rope and the bight. Pull the short end to hide and secure the long one.
Then pull the long end to tighten the remnant of the bight. Advantages: This whipping looks very neat. This variation is the one that Ashley refers to as the "Common Whipping". . and the appropriate size of whipping twine. Then trim off the excess when finished. melt the end for additional security. some people prefer to wrap the final set of turns using a bight: for the second half. lay the long end against the rope and use the bight to wrap the end and rope together until the bight is too small to make any more wraps. When the final end is inserted into this bight. is easy to learn and quick to make. the long end is inserted into this bight and pulled into the whipping.13 14 15 16 17 18 Common Whipping Details Uses: The Common Whipping (ABOK # 3443. then the original end just unwraps. For a rope that can be melted with heat. After the second set of wraps. Wrapping a Bight for the Entire Whipping: From the start. care must be taken to pull the bight only half way into the whipping. the exit point in the middle is almost invisible and the appearance of a neat stack is retained. Disadvantages: If one of the turns get snagged or cut. When waxed twine is used and the ends are trimmed. When the end has not been melted ‐ or is a material that cannot be melted by heat. Ashley calls this the "Sailor's Whipping". it is better to secure the end temporarily with a constrictor knot or a piece of tape (as shown in the animation). the whipping unravels very rapidly. which is ideal if the end has already been melted. Finishing the Whipping: This whipping can be made very close to the end of the rope. the entire whipping can be made round the bight. Techniques: There are several variations of this whipping: Wrapping a Bight just for the 2nd Half: As shown here. With a little practice. the second half of the whipping is wrapped around a bight formed using the first end. Apply the Final Turns Using a Large Bight: For the second half. it creates a very neat appearance with no visible ends. p 546) is the classic simple whipping and can be tied with no needle. If pulled completely through by mistake.
Constrictor The Constrictor Knot consists of a simple Half Hitch which is gripped by an overlying turn of the rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Options: Twisting. It is an excellent quick temporary whipping for a fraying rope's end and can be used to keep a rope's end together while it is . Constrictor Knot (Twisting Method) Tying Twist the rope to form a loose figure 8. Folding 10 Constrictor Knot (Twisting Method) Details Uses: The Constrictor Knot (ABOK # 1188. This page also links to two other pages which demonstrate alternative ways tie this knot. Using End. Fold the loops down around the center to form the Constrictor Knot. This is what binds the knot and makes it hard to undo.) deserves to be much more widely known and used. p 216.
.com . It securely ties the neck of a sack or bag. the binding strand should be cut over the other constrictor strands. it has been used as a temporary hose clamp. animatedknots. Rope Size: The pictures here show the rope tied in large diameter rope. It is normally tied in twine or other small diameter line. Using the Twisting Method: The Twisting Method is ideal for short lengths. Alternatives: In addition to the Twisting Method.being whipped. e. This is only for the photography. the Constrictor Knot can be tied by the Folding Method. Release: The knot can be very hard to undo ‐ cutting the knot can be the only resort.animatedknots.g. using them to protect your rope. Disadvantages: It fails when tied against a flat surface ‐ it requires a curved surface for the binding turn to grip the Half Hitch. the method cannot be used when using a longer piece of rope or when the rope has to be first passed around the object to be tied. http://www. When this is necessary. when using a piece of twine to secure a fraying rope's end.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. However. and it can be used to hold items together for gluing. and by Threading the End when tying this knot round a rail or bar.jpg&Website=www.com/constrictor/index.
Uses: Archery: To protect the bowstring from damage caused by the mechanical release. Each end is attached to the bowstring using a Cow Hitch – . Description: The Cow Hitch or Lanyard Hitch (ABOK # 1673. p 290) is similar to the Clove Hitch except that the second Half Hitch is in the reverse direction. around the object in the reverse direction. the two ends of a short line are tied to the bowstring to form a "D‐Loop". Cow Hitch The Cow Hitch is two Half Hitches with the second Half Hitch different from the first here tied with the end. and down beside itself. Similar Knot: The Cow Hitch has a similar appearance to the Girth Hitch. Why Include it Here? It answers the question: "What happens when I tie a Clove Hitch but reverse the second turn?" Answer: "A Cow Hitch. p 5). Neither should be trusted alone for critical applications. Cow Hitch (Lanyard Hitch) using the End Tying Pass the rope around the object. The subsequent transformation from "Head" to "Foot" is less readily explained. Nevertheless. Cow Hitch Using Loops 5 6 Cow Hitch. the Cow Hitch can be tied Using Loops." The Clove Hitch and the Cow Hitch are close relatives with similar properties. the knot is also known as the Lark's Foot. 1 2 3 4 Options: Cow Hitch Using End. which is tied with a sling loop and known by various names including Strap Hitch and Bale Sling Hitch. Names: In addition to "Lanyard Hitch". the Cow Hitch is also known as the "Lark's Head" – attributed to a literal translation from the French "tête d'alouette" (ABOK # 11. back around itself. (Lanyard Hitch) using the End Details Alternative: In addition to Threading the End.
secured by a Clove Hitch.com/cow/index. It is just as likely to slip as the Clove Hitch but less likely to bind and be hard to untie.animatedknots.com . made more secure by heating each end to from a "Blob". Ashley comments (ABOK # 244.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. walked in a circle that unwound and untied the Clove Hitch. It can be used to secure a lanyard to a rope. Pros and Cons: It is one of the quickest and easiest knots to learn but has relatively few critically useful applications. Although named the "Cow Hitch".jpg&Website=www. Discussions in on‐line forums acknowledge this can fail and some have experimented with using a Constrictor instead.animat edknots. p 44) that the Clove Hitch was used to secure cows more often. the Cow Hitch appears to be better suited to the task. General: The Cow Hitch can be used as an alternative to the Clove Hitch. http://www. For this purpose at least. He went on to describe watching as a cow.
Repeat with the remaining strand tucking it under the first. They are different because they are tied with respect to the rope. The crown directs the strands back down the rope. 1 2 3 4 5 Crown Knot Details Uses: The Crown is the critical first part of a Back Splice. Tighen it to form the first part of a Back Splice. Crown Knot The Crown Knot is the first part of a Back Splice and a component of several decorative knots. continuing around in the direction of the rope's twist. Crown Knot Tying Spread out the strands. Choose one strand and. Other uses. a crown should be tied immediately with a back splice to follow. and the wall directs the strands away from the rope. If the strands had emerged from a central button ‐ with no rope to determine the "direction". lay it across its neighbor. This protects the rope until the back splice can be replaced with a whipping. Repeat with that strand. When the end of a three‐stranded rope starts to fray. there would be no way to distinguish a Wall from a Crown. They are in fact identical. The Crown is also an essential component of several decorative knots including the Wall and Crown (Manrope Knot) and the Crown Sinnet Relationship to the Wall: The Wall and the Crown are very closely related. .
Turn the ends towards you. Tie a crown knot and tighten. tie another crown knot and tighten. Reverse direction. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Crown Sinnet Knot Tying Bind the four ends together. Keep repeating. When all the crowns are tied in the same direction the result is a spiral version. Crown Sinnet The Crown Sinnet is a family of knots all made using a series of Crown knots to create a thick decorative braid.
Finishing the Sinnet: The other end is completed by tying the cords to a ring or by securing the ends either by melting them or by Whipping them. and Synet. were used. Macrame Names: Unfortunately macrame uses totally different names. or as straps for umbrellas. known as a "Barrel". etc. and gimp. Sennit. Sinnet is also spelled Sennet. Military lanyards usually use two stranded crown knots tied around a two‐stranded core. In particular the name "Square Knot" is used for different knots in different places. It is usually made with either three or four stands ‐ although more are possible. The sinnet can then be started by laying the two cords across each other at their centers – the simplest way of making one end of the sinnet secure and neat. boondoggle. Structure: The sinnet is composed of a series of Crown Knots.13 14 15 16 Spiral version Crown Sinnet Knot Details Uses: The Crown Sinnet (ABOK # 2912 and # 2915. scoubidou. The two versions of the Cobra are known as a Square Knot and a Spiral Stitch. The Crown Sinnet is probably the knot most frequently chosen. and therefore four cords. four colors. The version that repeats the same crown makes a spiral. The result is known a "Cobra" when the crowns alternate and a "Twisted Cobra" when same crown is repeated. It converts lengths of string or colored plastic into a pleasingly solid braid. The names employed depend on the craft. Starting the Sinnet: For this demonstration. . A four stranded Crown Sinnet is often started using only two pieces of cord. The version using alternating left turn and right turn crowns is called either a "Square Knot" or a "Box Knot". p 479) is tied by many of us as children. Lanyard Making Names: The making of lanyards goes by various names including: craftlace. Such braids become fashionable from time to time as decorative bracelets for wrist and ankle.
Tighten the lashing by surrounding it with three or four frapping turns. Finish with a Clove Hitch. Wrap three of four turns around the two poles in one axis followed by three or four turns in the other axis. Diagonal Lashing Technique Start with a single Timber Hitch around both poles. Diagonal Lashing A Diagonal Lashing is used for securing diagonal braces to hold a structure rigid. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 .
The choice of a timber hitch is important. Options: The animation shows the lashing made on poles that happen to be at right angles. . Use: As shown on the right. Various techniques are recommended. p 343. Pulling them as tight as possible makes the Lashing more secure. the diagonal lashing secures poles crossing each other at a variety of angles. the diagonal lashing is more appropriate. hold the stick across your thighs and then pull by straightening your legs. Frapping Turns: The turns surrounding the lashing at right angles exert a tightening effect on the lashing. The location of one diagonal in front and one behind explains the gap between the poles commonly found in the center.13 14 15 Diagonal Lashing Details Use: The Diagonal Lashing (ABOK # 2115. These turns are known as Frapping Turns. when the angle between the poles is closer to 45 degrees. the diagonal lashing is used to join two diagonal poles that are being used to brace a rectangular frame. bend your knees. A clove hitch around one pole could not be used to pull the poles together and might come untied. Sometimes there is a gap between the poles. stand on the pole. Tying it: An initial Timber Hitch surrounds both poles. Under such circumstances a Square Lashing might be as effective. but I'm indebted to Dana Holgate for the following: wrap the rope around a stick. Pulling on the Timber Hitch closes the gap and allows the lashing to proceed with poles touching. However.) is used to lash two spars together. Unlike the Square lashing which works for right angle crossings.
Leaving the end outside this loop ties a knot that Ashley gives as the other example of a "Single Bowline on the Bight" (ABOK # 1057. . it functions as a noose so that the loop tightens under load. In fact a strain from the wrong end actually capsizes the knot into one that slides. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Tighten Dressed Directional Figure 8 Loop Details Uses: Ashley describes the Directional Figure 8 as the second of two examples of a "Single Bowline on the Bight" (ABOK # 1058.e. the Dropper Loop. It creates a loop in the middle of a rope and is used as a load‐bearing knot by climbers to take strain in one direction only. Directional Figure 8 Loop Tying Make a loop in the rope.. i. the Figure 8 Double Loop and. The knot is then tightened and dressed so that the outer loop finishes inside its neighbor. It is designed for strain in one direction only. the Bowline on a Bight. This is an essential step in tying the Directional Figure 8 correctly. Similar Knots: Several other knots create a loop in the middle of a piece of rope including the Alpine Butterfly Loop. Figure 8 Directional Loop The Figure 8 Directional Loop creates a loop in the middle of a rope. p 191). Tying it: The first steps of the animation show that the tail is enclosed by the initial loop. Continue around and through the opening beside the tail. for fishing. Pass the loop behind the standing end. p 191).
Advantages: The Directional Figure 8 is quickly tied and is designed to take a load in one direction only.com/fig8directional/index.animatedknots.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=w ww. For critical loads and when the load may be applied from either end.com . the Alpine Butterfly Loop is preferred. Disadvantages: The Directional Figure 8 can be difficult to undo after a shock load.animatedknots. It must not be used with the pull coming from the wrong end because of its propensity to capsize and constrict. http://www.
It is tied using a lanyard with a loop at each end secured to a carabiner with a Double Fisherman's bend. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Then continue around and through the top Half Hitch three more times. Distel Hitch Tying Use a lanyard with an eye at each end. Distel Hitch The Distel Hitch is a reliable <strong>Slide and Grip</strong> (friction) Hitch designed to take strain in only one direction. Wrap the longer end around the climbing rope to make two Half Hitches. Attach the carabiner. Balance the lengths and pull tight.
the Distel is a recommended knot for the arborist: it is reasonably easy to tie. for safety. The Distel is designed for tension in only one direction.com/distel/index.g. and the Vallard Tresse (or VT). try the "4 over 1" first. Experience and materials used will govern the choice. which makes it especially suitable for use in climbing. Similar Knots: The other slide and grip knots intended for load in only one direction include the Rolling Hitch. Blake's Hitch. by arborists. Like other knots supporting critical loads. the Klemheist. It is tied using a lanyard with a loop in each end.. the length of the lanyard is not too critical. The Distel itself is based on a Clove Hitch but the "top" part of the hitch includes additional turns that form the spiral of rope responsible for gripping the main rope. each loop is usually secured with a Double Overhand around the lanyard. However. 13 Distel Hitch Details Uses: The Distel Hitch is a slide and grip knot used to ascend a climbing rope. However. This would be the recommended initial format. close inspection is appropriate to ensure that the hitch is tied correctly.com .php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Tying it: The animation shows the Distel being tied from below. the knot should be dressed to ensure that the two ends are similar in length. Either way. Disadvantages: Some writers report that the Distel has a slightly greater tendency to lock up and be hard to slide than. the Vallard Tresse. it provides a nice ride.animatedknots.anima tedknots. The experienced user will often start at the top. writers also describe the Distel using three turns at the top – a "3 over 1" arrangement. and both ends take the load. e. Although any safe loop would be acceptable. This serves to emphasize that its structure is based on the Clove Hitch ‐ because that is what is first created. Variations: The animation shows a "4 over 1" Distel – with four complete wraps in the top section.jpg&Website=www. Advantages: Amongst these various slide and grip knots. the Icicle Hitch. the Schwabish. http://www. say.
Figure 8 Double Loop "Bunny Ears" The Double Figure 8 Loop creates two loops in the middle of a rope. Then pass the end of the original bight under. and over the whole knot. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Pull it tight to lock the two loops. With the final locking turn loosened. The two loops created are stable and resist slipping and changing size. Double Figure 8 Loop ("Bunny Ears") Tying With a long bight in the rope use two double loops to tie a Figure 8 knot. it is easier to see the underlying structure of the Figure 8 knot. up.
php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Stability: Compared to some of the other double loop knots. During rappelling. It is also useful for equalizing the load on two anchors.g. p 197. the loops are made very unequal.com . http://www.) is based on the simple Figure 8 knot (left). The much larger one is passed around both anchor points. It is unlikely to slip so that one loop gets larger at the expense of the other loop. the Double Loop Figure 8 is stable. 13 Structure Double Figure 8 Loop ("Bunny Ears") Details Structure: The Double Figure 8 Loop (ABOK # 1085.. the French Bowline.animatedknots.animatedknots. In the animation the two loops have been made small. this ensures a more even distribution of load between the two anchor points.com/fig8loopdouble/index. In practice they are usually much larger.jpg&Website=w ww. The center of this loop is then secured with a carabiner to the small loop. Uses: The two loops can be used as an improvised seat. e. In one top‐roping technique.
it appears that four identical loops encircle the junction. When ropes of the same color are used. Next pass the other end two full turns around both ropes. Then pass this end back through these turns and pull tight. Tha Back View of the Double Fisherman's is extremely neat and symmetrical. Double Fisherman's or Grapevine Bend The Double Fisherman's provides a secure method for joining two ropes of similar size. Pass this end back through and pull tight. Pull on both ropes to tighten the two knots against each other. Double Fisherman's Knot (Grapevine Bend) Tying Overlap the two ends. Wrap one end around both ropes two full turns. The knot is relatively compact and therefore better than some alternatives when retrieving a climbing rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 .
For additional safety it is also used with an extra overhand knot in the tails. compact knot suitable for use when retrieving an abseil. Safety: For load‐bearing using modern high modulus ropes such as Spectra. Inspection: The Double Fisherman's Knot (Grapevine Bend) is not complicated. Nevertheless. or even quadruple. therefore. If someone else ties it. Pros: The Double Fisherman's is a well known. pass over an obstruction relatively easily.13 14 15 Back view Double Fisherman's Knot (Grapevine Bend) Details Structure: The Double Fisherman's. Although it is regarded as a standard method of joining climbing ropes. inspect it carefully. Dyneema or Kevlar/Technora. relatively easy to teach and inspect.) consists of two Strangle Knots (like double overhand knots) each tied round the other standing end. It is commonly known as the "Euro Death‐Knot" (EDK) because when first encountered it was presumed to be dangerous. version is also used by fishermen to join two lengths of fishing line. Cons: The Double Fisherman can lock up so tightly that it is effectively welded. the Zeppelin Bend performs the same task but is much easier to undo because it does not jam. inspect it extremely carefully. been associated with its use. it can be tied wrongly and then fail. It can be used for a full rope‐length abseil. Uses: The Double Fisherman's Knot (Grapevine Bend) is the way to form a Prusik Loop and is an excellent and reliable way of joining two climbing ropes. or Grapevine. However. perhaps wrongly. because it is created around another line. 1. Its use as a join is approved and recommended by the International Federation of Mountain Guides Associations (IFMGA). p 50. The Figure 8 Bend may be bulkier ‐ especially when stopper knots are added for safety. It is however. some authorities feel that the Flat Overhand Bend (EDK) is an answer to problem which does not . The Flat Overhand Bend (an overhand knot tied with both ends together with lengthy ends) is the rope join least likely to get stuck (picture on right). However. In each stopper knot the rope is passed around a third time before being threaded back through the loops. If you tie it and your life depends on it. after which it is still possible to retrieve the rope. 2. reliable. This is because the two ropes enter the knot at the same point and. During testing it can roll over and fail and at least one accident has. this structure may not be obvious. The triple. Bend (ABOK # 294. use a Triple Fisherman's (on left).
really require a solution and.jpg&Website =www. The Flat Figure 8 Bend is very similar but tied as a Figure 8 not an Overhand. Both of these knots have been extensively reviewed and tested by Thomas Moyer.animatedknots. and is deliberately not illustrated here. the knot creates a size problem which makes it harder to overcome by sending a wave up the line. 3." http://www.animatedknots.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. it is far more dangerous despite its appearance. moreover. It fails by rolling over at modest loads even when the ends are long! It has been associated with a number of deaths. He provides useful references to detailed accounts of accidents as well as the results of his tests in which both knots failed by flipping or rolling.com/doublefishermans/index.com . He also provides a balanced view of the role for these knots and the opinion that: "I don't believe the flat‐overhand will ever fail under body weight if it is tied well.
Double Matthew Walker Knot Tying Start with a Wall Knot. It is closely related to the Wall but makes a more bulky and more effective stopper knot. The final image shows a sequence of three stopper knots. Single. Double Matthew Walker . Red follows blue under gold and up through itself. and the Double Matthew Walker. Blue follows gold under red and up through itself. Tighten carefully and re‐lay the rope. Position each strand near the one to follow. the Matthew Walker. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Wall. each tied with the strands of the rope: the Wall. Double Matthew Walker The Matthew Walker provides a secure stopper in a rope which cannot be untied. Gold follows red under blue and up through itself.
preferably with an elegant whipping. each strand would be brought up one strand earlier. When the wall is tightened and the strands laid up again to re‐form the rope. modern yachts have virtually no use for a Matthew Walker.Double Matthew Walker Knot Details Uses: The Double Matthew Walker (ABOK # 681 ‐ 3. Disadvantages: The Wall and both the Matthew Walkers all require the rope to be laid up again and then finished. or the Double Matthew Walker. It creates the largest of this sequence of permanent stopper knots. The Wall: The simplest is the Wall (right). and the beckets of tubs and buckets. Matthew Walker: The Matthew Walker is a little simpler that the Double Matthew Walker. was used on "topmast rigging lanyards. which was used to start this animation . This is in striking contrast with the past when the Matthew Walker was widely used. It is included here because I have had multiple requests for it ‐ not for its intrinsic usefulness in boating today! Sequence of Stopper Knots: The Double Matthew Walker is a one of a sequence of knots that are created in the middle of a three‐strand rope. Applications: Other than for decoration. it creates a small permanent stopper knot. They are illustrated in the final frame of the animation. and the Blue through the Gold. bunt beckets (rope loop). "It is the most important knot used aboard ship. The Gold through the Red. Double Matthew Walker: The Double Matthew Walker is illustrated in the animation. p 118) provides a secure stopper that cannot be untied without unraveling the rope. It creates a stopper knot of intermediate size. Ashley (ABOK page 118) states." He goes on to quote Todd and Whall in Seamanship: "Amongst knots proper the Matthew Walker is almost the only one which it is absolutely necessary for the seaman to know." The words themselves are now just echoes of a distant past." It. the Red through the Blue. In the animation. .
It forms the basis for other knots such as the Double Fisherman's Bend. moderately large. the Double Overhand can also be tied by threading the end of the rope through the coil (on left). Pass the end through it. This technique is the basis for tying other useful knots such as the Double Fisherman's Knot (right) and the Poacher's Knot or Double Overhand Noose. p 84) is based on the Overhand Knot with one additional turn. stopper knot. the . Alternative Method: In addition to the technique shown in the animation. Double Overhand 8 Double Overhand Stopper Knot Details Uses: The Double Overhand Knot (ABOK # 516. Figure 8. Pass the end through the loop again. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Compare: Ashley. Double Overhand Stopper Knot Tying Form a loop in the rope. Tighten the knot to make a secure stopper knot. It creates a reliable. Uses with Other Knots: In addition to acting as a stopper knot in the end of a rope. Double Overhand Knot The Double Overhand Knot makes a reliable stopper knot.
To virtually eliminate this risk. The Matthew Walker requires three or four strand rope because it is tied with the separated strands.animatedknots. The Ashley Stopper Knot deserves to be more widely used and known. Other Stopper Knots: The Figure 8 may be the most widely used.animatedknots. especially in boating. The short ends of the Figure 8 Bend are both tied around their adjacent standing ends. The short end of the Figure 8 Loop Follow Through is tied around the standing end. 3. a Bowline can shake loose. 2. Therefore.jpg&Website= www.com/doubleoverhand/index. Unless under load.Double Overhand Knot can also be used to increase the security of another knot: 1.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com . Its greatest use may be in smart installations such as rope handrails. but it tends to come undone. after the strands are reassembled and whipped it cannot be just "untied". http://www. the short end is tied round the adjacent part of the loop (picture on left).
Note: in nylon tightening this knot alters the structure. and pull the knot tight. wrap the loop around this crossover point about six times. Dropper Loop Tying Create a large loop in the middle of a line. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . hold the loop with your teeth. Lubricate. Dropper Loop ‐ Δημιουργία θηλειάς. Open a hole in the center and pass the loop through the hole. It allows an additional fly to be attached to the line. The Dropper Loop makes a secure loop in the middle of a line. Holding the center.
animatedknots.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. The big loop is then passed through the hole occupied by the matchstick. Clip it on to one side of the loop and rotate it instead of rotating a matchstick. The weight of the pen is an advantage. Tying it: There are two main methods of tying it.com .jpg&Website=www. Alternatives: The same result can be obtained by keeping the loop still and twisting a matchstick in the overlap to make a spiral. Whichever method is used. The Dropper knot is also used on multi‐hook fishing lines. However. It can be used in your leader or tippet to provide an extra attachment point for an additional fly. http://www. animatedknots. the knot should appear almost symmetrical either side of the loop. the knot changes its structure. to minimize the risk of fouling and twisting this Dropper loop should not be too long. Advantages: The Dropper Loop angles away from the line which helps to avoid tangles. Pulling on each end forces the wrapped turns to redistribute the twists so that the inner strand becomes an outer wrap (not illustrated in this animation using rope). The animation above shows the loop being wrapped round the overlap point that is held still with your fingers. Pulling the Knot Tight: When lubricated and pulled tight. Amos Baehr contributed an idea he discovered serendipitously when he tried a ballpoint pen instead of a matchstick: Use the clip in the cap of a ballpoint pen. If desired the loop can be made long enough to set a hook directly on it.com/dropperloop/index.13 14 15 16 Dropper Loop Details Uses: The Dropper Loop creates a loop that stands out at right angles to the middle of a length of line.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Duncan (Uni) Knot Details Names: The Duncan Knot was originally named after its inventor Norman Duncan. Form a complete loop alongside the standing line. With the loop on a post pull on the tag end and less hard on the standing line. The Uni series can take the place of most other fishing knots if necessary. It was also published later under the name Uni Knot by the outdoor writer Vic Dunaway as being a versatile knot that can have many applications. Working inside the loop. It is . wrap the end around both lines five times. Duncan (Uni) Knot Tying Pass the end through the eye. Lubricate. Duncan (Uni) Knot The Duncan (Uni) Knot is a versatile loop knot. tighten so the loop spirals. Trim the end. and slide the knot to the desired loop size.
Claims that it retains a high proportion of line strength have been justified by recent testing arranged by Mack Martin that showed 82% of line strength.also known as a Grinner Knot and has the same appearance as a Hangman's Noose although it is different internally. When used to join two lines it is known as a Double Grinner or a Double Uni Knot Transformation: The Duncan (Uni) knot undergoes a transformation as it is tightened. The outer wraps become internal and vice versa. To join two lines a Uni‐knot is tied around the other line. the knot binds and becomes a fixed in proportion to the degree of tightening.animatedknots. Tying it: The animation shows that the Duncan Knot initially forms an adjustable loop. each knot is tied around the other's standing end. Versatile: As described by Vic Dunaway it is the key component of his Uni Knot System – which can provide all of the applications needed for fishing with a single knot.com/duncan/index. When tied a round a large diameter eye. For Snelling. the knot is tied around the shank of the hook. like other knots where a line passes around itself.anima tedknots. it may retain strength well. Pros and Cons: The Duncan Knot works well with both braided and monofilament fishing lines. but if used to join two lines.jpg&Website=www. When finally tightened. When used for joining two lines (as in the Uni Knot system).php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com . http://www. and with practice is fairly easy to tie in the dark. a breaking strain around 75% is more likely.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Repeat the process for the remaining sets of tucks. Eye Splice Tying Tape rope. to secure a rope to the bow of a dinghy. Unravel enough for 5 tucks (4 shown here). or a rope to a bucket handle. the Eye Splice creates a secure loop in the end of the rope. Eye Splice In three‐stranded rope. Pass the upper strand under the upper adjacent standing strand. Arrange strands. Pass lower one under lower adjacent standing strand. Pass center one under a standing strand. for example. Remove the tape. It may used.
and other long term or critical applications. Modern synthetic materials. Measure the length to be unraveled and secure the rope at that length with tape or twine. p 445). The animation above only shows the threading of two complete tucks with the final image showing four tucks finished and tightened. tend to be slippery and. Esssential Preparation: Secure the end of each strand by heat. seven tucks are recommended. towlines. The correct length to unravel is about 3 times the . tape or whipping twine. however.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Eye Splice Details Important: The Eye Splice and its variants are well described by Ashley (ABOK # 2725. a minimum of five complete "tucks" is required. For mooring. now.
5 inches long. I have used many different spikes including marlinspikes. In tarred hemp this made a very elegant tapered splice. and needle nosed pliers. In the illustration above the mark would be where the first tuck is to be threaded. Structure As in weaving.animatedknots. i. Holding the Rope: Having prepared the ends and chosen which strand to thread where. it is helpful to twist it to keep its original form. leave the free strands at least 7. they will then be in the correct place when you want to choose an end to thread next (Left). Fid: The best tool is undoubtedly a fid (Right). use a suitable spike to open up a standing strand (Left). Cut and burn one more and splice the remaining strand before cutting and burning it too. occasional. pens. The burned ends are usually slightly larger than the strand and this provides some additional security for the splice. splice makers. Handle each strand with care to retain its original twist. In the process.. they will be used up in the splice.com/splice/index. Tapering the tails: It used to be fashionable to gradually thin the strands for an additional few tucks. Alternative Taper: After sufficient tucks have been made for strength. After each strand is threaded. for five tucks in half inch diameter rope. Hold the other two tails in your hand.diameter per "tuck". and for seven tucks at least 10.com . Create the required size of loop and mark the rope.e. Modern rope is sufficiently slippery to mean that the tapered tails tend to get dislodged and make the splice look very untidy. cut and burn one strand and then continue the splice with remaining two strands. The following have all worked for me under different circumstances: Tape: One of the simplest methods is to merely wrap each end in masking tape (Right). after the first set of tucks. However. Technique: In tightly laid or large diameter rope. Finishing the Splice: If the ends have been cut to the correct length.jpg&Website=www. it is usually far less trouble to make another tuck than to cut them and re‐ burn them to stop them unraveling. pencils.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. True tapering of individual strands is rarely done now and should probably never be attempted by amateur. which opens up the standing strand. the strands should be allowed to spread and fit the form of the standing strands. http://www. It may stay open long enough for the strand to be threaded. This can provide you with a short "spike" to help feed each strand under the standing end. If they are a little too long. it is then all too easy to get confused after it is threaded. each of the strands is passed first under and then over alternate standing strands. Spike: Alternatively.anima tedknots.5 inches. a spiked aluminum bar with a hollow end. the free ends tend to untwist and become untidy. one each side of the rope. it may be difficult or impossible to pass each strand under the standing strand without a suitable tool. You then push the strand through inserted in the tail of the fid.
Take care to avoid coming up through the loop which merely forms an overhand knot. the Figure 8 Loop Follow Through. up inside the mast. The figure 8 can fall undone and then has to be retied. occasionally. a vice. both of which have the advantage of greater stability. Figure 8. Climbing: For climbing. .g.. and the Ashley. the Figure 8 is important to climbers because it is the basis for tying the Figure 8 Bend (Rope Join). Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Tying Pass the tail over itself to form a loop. Comparison: As a stopper knot the Figure 8 should be compared to other knots commonly used as stoppers including the Double Overhand. e. However. This virtue is also. is preferred to the Overhand Knot. Complete the knot by passing the tail down through the loop.) provides a quick and convenient stopper knot to prevent a line sliding out of sight. which can bind so tightly that undoing it can be really difficult. However. it can be undone easily. Double Overhand Structure Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot Details Uses: The Figure 8 (ABOK # 570. and the Double Figure 8 Loop. the figure 8 is better than the simple overhand knot (picture left). 1 2 3 4 Compare: Ashley. Its virtue is that. Continue under and around the standing end. It is relatively easy to undo. Figure 8 (Flemish) Knot The Figure 8 is a stopper knot ‐ it prevents the end of a rope sliding through a pulley or it can be used to add security to another knot. but is not as secure as the Double Overhand. even after it has been jammed tightly against a block. It would still be a stopper knot but smaller and much harder to undo when pulled tight. the Double Overhand is the preferred Stopper knot. p 95. it doesn't bind. where safety is paramount.
http://www.animatedknots.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog.animate dknots.com .com/fig8_/index.jpg&Website=www.
Figure 8 Bend (Flemish Bend) Tying Start by tying a loose Figure 8 knot in one of the ropes. starting beside the tail and exiting beside the standing end. but creates a relatively bulky knot. Bend or Join The Figure 8 Rope Join provides a secure. simple method for joining two ropes together. The importance of dressing the knot is that when loaded. It is used in climbing. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . is fairly easy to undo. Figure 8. The Figure 8 Bend is dressed so that both the outermost turns are separated away from the two ropes they were crossing and tightened down inside their neighboring ropes. or Flemish. Follow the same path in reverse with the other rope. the structure of the knot remains unchanged as the loops tighten down tightly each end.
php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Pros and Cons: The advantage of Figure 8 Bend is that even after considerable strain it remains relatively easy to undo. It is reasonably easy to remember. this knot should be carefully dressed so that the two outermost turns are brought in snug against the ropes they enclose – as a result the turns then finish on the other side of the turns they accompany. pull it and observe that it tightens neatly and symmetrically. Dressed this way the knot withstands a load better. yourself (!).ani matedknots.com .g. it should not be used with ropes that differ much in size and for safety the ends should be longer. e.jpg&Website=www. for real security. Inspection: Ensure that there are two strands beside each other at each part of the knot.. tie. Final Dressing: To ensure that the knot is tied correctly.com/fig8join/index. it is sensible to tie it in the "Flat" form shown.animatedknots. Dress the knot as described above. and simple way to join two ropes. p 258. each end should be tied in a double overhand stopper knot around the other standing end ‐ see illustration to the left.) provides a safe. http://www. or Flemish. Finally. Bend (ABOK # 1411.10 Dressed Loaded Figure 8 Bend (Flemish Bend) Details Uses: The Figure 8. Then. and check. Safety: For critical loads. for taking a load. However.
Applications: It can be used: to lay out the furling line for a roller jib prior to unfurling the jib. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Figure 8 Flake Details Uses: Flaking a rope is to arrange it on the deck ready for easy use. or tangles. Two complete passes of the rope are usually necessary. Figure 8 Flake Coiling First remove all twists from the rope. twisting. or knotting. knots. or to ready a dock line in preparation for passing the end ashore. Figure 8 Flake The Figure 8 Flake provides a method of laying out a rope on deck so that the rope will run out freely without twists. Technique: The Figure 8 Flake is often used when a rope has been coiled and there is doubt about it running out freely ‐ for example if the coil has been made with all the turns in the same direction. The Figure 8 Flake (ABOK # 3110. p 517) allows the rope to be pulled rapidly off the deck with minimal risk of kinking. to prepare an anchor rope before dropping the anchor. Then start at the free end and lay the rope out in overlapping figure 8 layers so that it will run out freely without tangling. First start at the attached end and work along the length of the rope to the free end. Then start at the free end and lay out the rope in the Figure 8 Flake. It is also the best way to store a hose on the ground. carefully shaking out all of the twists. .
Variations: For a long line in a confined area. a second layer of figure 8's can be laid at right angles to the first. . Care is required to avoid catching turns of the first layer.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Dressed . Exit beside the standing end to complete a two stranded Figure 8 knot. Pass the tail around the attachment point. or secured round a bar. Follow the original Figure 8 around the entire knot in reverse. Figure 8 Follow Through Tying Start by tying a loose Figure 8 knot. It is used when the Figure 8 Loop is being linked to a closed ring or eye. The Figure 8 Follow Through is dressed so that both the outermost turns are separated away from the two ropes they were crossing and tightened down inside their neighboring ropes. Figure 8 Follow The Figure 8 Follow Through creates a Figure 8 loop.
Figure 8 Follow Through Details Uses: The Figure 8 Follow Through allows the simple and reliable Figure 8 loop to be tied to a ring. a carabiner. the end should be secured with a stopper knot around the standing end (see picture on left).animatedknots. for load bearing. Final Dressing: To ensure that the knot is tied correctly. It is reasonably easy to remember. p 190).com . The Figure 8 Loop: When the knot can be dropped over a post. Dress the knot as described above. and check. for taking a load. When completed it forms a Figure 8 Loop (ABOK # 1047. However. Then. the Directional Figure 8 Knot works well (picture left) Inspection: Ensure that there are two strands beside each other at each part of the knot. Dressed this way the knot is better able to withstand a load. tie. http://www.jpg&Website=www. or your own harness. pull it and observe that it tightens neatly and symmetrically. this knot is shown above with a short tail end.com/fig8follow/index. it is quicker and simpler to tie it like a Figure 8 knot using a bight instead of the end (picture on right) The Directional Figure 8: When a Figure 8 loop is being created to take a load parallel to the rope. it is sensible to tie it in the "Flat" form shown. For safety the end should be longer and.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Safety: For photography.a nimatedknots. this knot should be carefully dressed so that the two outermost turns are brought in snug against the ropes they enclose – as a result the turns then finish on the other side of the turns they accompany.
pass the bight around again and then down through the loop to make the Figure 9 Loop. Figure 9 Loop The Figure 9 Loop makes a secure loop. Instead of coming up through the loop to make a Figure 8 Loop. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Figure 9 Loop Knot Details How to Tie the Figure 8 Loop Knot . To dress the knot. bring the outer turns in and tighten them. It is similar to the Figure 8 Loop but is less liable to jam and claimed to be stronger. Wrap the bight around both ends to form a loop. Figure 9 Loop Knot Tying Form a bight.
In climbing it is used as an end knot. It creates a strong loop. Once tied. reasonably easy to untie. therefore. It is particularly suitable for use in smaller. Advantages: The knot avoids sharp bends and. Disadvantages: It uses more rope than the Figure 8 Loop and is more confusing to tie. Final Dressing: The animation shows the knot being tied in the elegant "Flat" form that makes structure easier to recognize. and can be used to attach a rapelling rope to an anchor. . flexible ropes and is harder to tie in heavier or stiffer ropes.Uses: The Figure 9 Loop (right) resembles the Figure 8 Loop (left). however. When further tightened. it appears as though several coils are encircling a pair of ropes. the rope retains about 70% of its strength. the knot should be dressed and tightened so that the two outermost turns are brought in snug against the ropes they enclose (Frames 9 and 10). Tying it in practice: The Animation shows how the outer turns are pulled in.
Familiarity: The Girth Hitch should seem familiar because tying it employs the procedure we use to link two elastic bands.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com . or rope. use a carabiner – not a Girth Hitch.g. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch) Details Structure: The Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch.animatedknots.com/girth/index. the Cow Hitch. http://www. sometimes known by names that more properly belong to the Cow Hitch. It is also often employed when slings are used to connect anchor points to a static rope in a top‐rope set‐up.jpg&Website=www. Ring Hitch) (ABOK # 1694..g. and the Lanyard Hitch. Make sure the strap lies neatly and then pull it tight. Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch) Tying Pass the loop of the strap around the harness. The two bands can be dressed to resemble either a Square (Reef) Knot or to take the form shown in the animation. strap. particularly if two straps are directly knotted to each other. This familiarity provides a useful lesson. To preserve strength when linking two slings. This loss of strength is worse. To join two slings when strength is a concern. It is also known as the Lark's Head. or rope. regrettably. when tied in the form used in the animation where one strap passes straight through and the other forms a collar around itself. This page links to two other pages showing how to tie related knots. e. Lark's Head (and Lark's Foot). Uses: The Girth Hitch attaches a sling or a webbing strap loop to your harness or to another sling. the knot must be arranged to resemble a Square Knot when it is then known as a "Strop Knot". strap.animat edknots.. Thread the other end of the strap through the loop. e. and Lanyard Hitch. Girth Hitch (Strap Hitch) The Girth Hitch is used to attach the loop of a webbing strap to your harness or another piece of webbing strapping. Bale Sling Hitch. p 294). close to 50%. Because it resembles the Cow Hitch it is. Strength: The Girth Hitch weakens a sling.
e. Half Hitch Tying Form a loop around the object. it is usually followed by second Half Hitch. Half Hitch. The Half Hitch – attaches a rope to something..g. Add a second Half Hitch to make the knot secure. The Half Knot – a binding knot – first part of a Square (Reef) Knot. Tighten into a Half Hitch which is designed to take a load (Arrow) on the standing end. These steps illustrate the usual method of tying Half Hitches. Pass the end around the standing end and through the loop. Half Hitch The Half Hitch is tied round an object and back to itself. Half Knot Extra Half Hitch Half Hitch Details Uses: Ashley described the Half Hitch (ABOK # 50. p 14) as "tied with one end of a rope being passed around an object and secured to its own standing part with a Single Hitch. Not secure alone. a Hitching Post. ." Comparison: The animation shows the close similarity between: The Overhand Knot – tied in the end of a rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Related: Overhand Knot.
In this animation the second Half Hitch shows how it is customarily tied ‐ wrapping it round the standing end and tucking it under itself. http://www.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog.anim atedknots. When the second Half Hitch is reversed it creates a Cow Hitch round the standing end. This creates a Clove Hitch around the standing end.animatedknots.com/halfhitch/index. it is better to begin by first passing the rope around the post or bollard a second time to make the Round Turn and Two Half Hitches.com . Two Half Hitches: The first Half Hitch is nearly always followed by a second – or more.jpg&Website=www. It is customary to pass the rope the same way around to make both Half Hitches. This is more secure and provides easier control of the load while tying the Half Hitches. Recommendations: Although two Half Hitches do make a complete "Hitch".Tying it: As shown in the animation it can be capsized from looking like an overhand knot into the normal look of a Half Hitch.
If tied in the air ‐ it cannot bind and if it is allowed to capsize into the Half Hitch it will slip. When the second Half Knot is a repeat of the first. Tying it: As shown in the animation one end is wrapped round the other to produce a symmetrical knot. Half Knot Half Knot Details 5 Square (Reef) Uses: Ashley described the Half Knot (ABOK # 48. p 14) as "a binding knot.. "Right over Left". e.. This is important because to correctly tie the Square (Reef) Knot the next Half Knot must be "Left over Right". . Remember to take note of which way you tied it. Add a second Half Knot to make the complete knot ‐ the Square (Reef) knot. The Half Hitch – attaches a rope to something. Half Hitch.g. a Hitching Post.g. e. Half Knot The Half Knot is a binding knot used to join two ropes ‐ the first part of the Whole Knot ‐ the Square (Reef) knot. 1 2 3 4 Related: Overhand Knot. The symmetry is important because the knot can only "bind" when tied like this. Two Half Knots: The first Half Knot is nearly always followed by a second – or more. Half Knot Tying Cross the two ends over each other. being the first movement of the Reef or Square Knot." Comparison: The animation shows the close similarity between: The Overhand Knot – tied in the end of a rope. The Half Knot – a binding knot – first part of a Square (Reef) Knot. it creates a Granny Knot. Pass one end over and then under the other to make the Half Knot ‐ which takes the load (arrows) in both ropes.
its use should be restricted. when tied with alternating left and right Half Knots. p 400). the result is called the Solomon Bar (ABOK # 2496. the result is a spiral or Bannister Bar (ABOK # 2494. is notorious for its ability to capsize and slip.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog.Recommendations: Although two Half Knots make a satisfactory "Knot". When tied with repeated identical Half Knots. Depending on how it is tied it is known by other names. The knot created. http://www. the Half Knot is frequently tied around a central core of two or more strands.anim atedknots. p 400). Macrame: In Macrame. It must never be used for critical loads. the Square (or Reef) knot.com .com/halfknot/index.animatedknots.jpg&Website=www.
g. . Handcuff Knot The Handcuff Knot is tied around the wrists or ankles when rescuing a trapped victim. the Handcuff Knot is an invaluable tool when rescuing someone trapped. p 206) for use as a handcuff. The two loops are placed around the wrists or the ankles. Use: In Search and Rescue Operations. It can also be used to restrain an animal or drag an animal carcass. the knot possesses minimal locking action and could never live up its name. Overlap them as though tying a Clove Hitch. Caution: This method of applying traction to limbs is potentially traumatic and must be used only when alternative lifting methods cannot be employed. Insert the victim's limbs into the loops. The two ends are then pulled to tighten the loops for traction. tighten. However. For added security the two ends can be tied together with one or more Overhand Knots. Tying it: As shown in the animation the initial stages are exactly the same as those used when using Loops to tie a Clove Hitch. Handcuff Knot Tying Use the rope to form two identical loops. in a crevice. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Handcuff Knot Details Origin: This knot was described by Ashley (ABOK # 1134. and apply traction. e. Then thread each loop through the other loop and tighten..
It creates a temporary webbing seat for use in an emergency. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Hasty Webbing (Emergency) Harness Details Structure: The Hasty Webbing Harness enables a temporary lifting harness seat to be constructed from a piece of webbing strapping. through the initial loop and around the waist to use up the strap. Hasty Webbing (Emergency) Harness Tying Tuck a loop of the strap into the waistband. around the thighs. Pass both ends back between the legs. . Lift with a carabiner through the loop and waist turns. Secure it with a Square (Reef) knot backed up with Half Hitches. Hasty (Emergency) Webbing Harness The Hasty Webbing Harness is made from a length of webbing strap.
. Use a Water Knot instead and still back it up with two Half Hitches either side. the entire harness doesn't fail. For security the Square (Reef) knot must be backed up with a pair of Half Hitches either side of the Square (Reef) knot. Form a loop about six inches away from the center of the webbing and tuck the loop into the waistband. tie it off in additional locations. This means that the final knot will be tied above one hip. Alternative Harness: Alternative webbing harnesses can be found online such as the Swiss Seat which employs a similar principle.Technique: Approximately twenty feet of webbing strap is required. Square knots are best avoided in safety applications. round each leg and round the waist. Also. .g. Improvements: I am indebted to Boyd Hoyle for the following suggestions. e. This means that if one piece of the webbing is cut.
Highwayman's Hitch Tying Hold an initial bight of the rope against the pole. Tighten to secure the knot and take the load. Highwayman's Hitch The Highwayman's Hitch is a quick‐release knot. the Tumble Hitch is the best. . and then pass a bight of the standing end through it. the animation uses the standing end to make the initial bight and then remains passive while the second bight wraps around it. Tradition has it. Similar Knots: Many quick‐release hitches have been described. Tying it: For easy comparison with the Tumble Hitch. The Tumble and Mooring are also described here. probably falsely. Place a second bight behind the pole and around the initial bight. Of the three. robbers were said to use the Highwayman's Hitch for a quick escape on horseback and it has probably survived because of this tantalizing name. It is more common to position the wrapping loop first. Pass a bight of the tail in front of the pole through the first bight. that it was used to secure a horse for a rapid departure. Pull the tail to release. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Highwayman's Hitch Details Origin: Apocryphally.
Real Danger: Quick release hitches share a major fault: entanglement of the free tail with the moving load can trigger abrupt release. A climber. 4. frightened by a sudden slip or jerk. . Uses: It might be reasonable to use a Highwayman's Hitch to briefly tie up a kayak while getting into it. However. 2. it makes more sense to learn and use the Tumble Hitch which is more trustworthy. Quick release knots should not be used for retrieving a climbing rope because there are recommended alternatives: 1. 3. might grab at the adjacent line and trigger a fatal fall.
Delaney tested these bends and the Carrick Bend for their tendency to jam. It joins two ropes of roughly the same size. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Back view Hunter's Bend Details Uses: The Hunter's Bend is one in a family of knots based on interlocking overhand knots. Similar Knots: The Hunter's Bend is remarkably similar to several other bends including the Zeppelin. However. It can be hard to untie after being heavily loaded. Pull tight to form the finished bend. Interlock the two bights. Thread each rope across the middle under both ropes and then above itself. the Ashley. Rightly or wrongly it now goes by Hunter's name ‐ and it has been give the number 1425A in the revised version of Ashley's book. He heavily loaded the knots tied in 1/16 inch braided nylon. Pass each end over itself and over the other rope. The Ashley and the Hunter's consistently jammed tight . David M. Essentially these knots employ interlocking overhand knots with the ends threaded through or across the middle. and the Alpine Butterfly Bend. Dr. the knot had been described in 1975 by Phil Smith who had used it for more than thirty years on the San Francisco waterfront as the "Rigger's Bend". Edward Hunter described it in 1978. Hunter's Bend Hunter's Bend is one of a family of knots based on interlocking overhand knots. The back view shows how the two ends are enclosed in the knot. Hunter's Bend Tying Form a bight in each rope. It is used to join two ropes together of roughly the same size.
Choice: The similarity to other bends employing interlocking overhand knots invites confusion ‐ and mistakes.animatedknots. it would seem prudent to avoid the Ashley and the Hunter's.jpg&Website=www. the Zeppelin. http://www. The Alpine Butterfly Bend. We prefer the Alpine Butterfly Bend because.com .ani matedknots. We recommend the Zeppelin because it resists jamming and the Alpine Butterfly Bend because.com/hunters/index. The Hunter's tends to jam and offers no unique advantage to justify its use. Amongst the family of bends based on linked overhand knots. uniquely. uniquely. it is tied easily by wrapping the rope round the hand. it is tied easily by wrapping the rope round the hand.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Tying it: The arrangement of the interlocking loops and the path of the ends through the center are critical.and would have had to be cut to release them. and the Carrick could all be untied easily using fingers and fingernails. Similarity to other bends employing interlocking overhand knots invites confusion ‐ and mistakes.
it is tied by passing a loop over the end of a pole. It is possibly the most secure <strong>Slide and Grip</strong> knot. Icicle Hitch (Loop Method) Tying Wrap the rope around the pole four times moving away from the pole end. Using End 11 . The final load should be parallel to the pole. Tighten the knot. This page provides a link to how to tie same knot using the end of the rope. Icicle Hitch (Loop Method) The Icicle Hitch is an excellent slide and grip knot. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Options: Loop Method. Pass the loop behind both ends and hook it over the pole. Here. Leave a loop hanging and pass the end of the rope back over the pole alongside the standing end.
com/icicle/index. it was fully reviewed in Practical Sailor.Pros and Cons: It is relatively easy to tie and can be used over a bar or at the end of a pole. it can also be tied by Threading the End Uses: The Icicle Hitch is used when force is applied parallel to a post or pole in only one direction.animat edknots.jpg&Website=www. Advantages: The Icicle Hitch grips a smooth surface so well that it even works on a tapered surface such as a marlinespike ‐ hence its name.Icicle Hitch (Loop Method) Details Structure: The Icicle Hitch is almost identical to the knot described by Ashley to hoist a spar (ABOK # 1762. In August of 2009. They found it to be superior to other slide and grip knots including the Rolling Hitch. http://www. The only difference is that the other knots are tied using a loop of rope.com . In addition to Dropping a Loop over the end of the pole.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Alternatives: The Icicle Hitch can be tied by two methods.animatedknots. p 299) and to the Klemheist.
. It provides a good method of securing a fishing line to a hook. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Improved Clinch Knot Details Uses: The Improved Clinch knot is one of the most widely used fishing knots.g. Tighten the knot and trim the end. Improved Clinch Knot The Improved Clinch Knot is used to join fishing line to a hook or a lure. e. Because it is harder to tie in heavier lines it is not recommended if you are using over 30 lb test line. when attaching a leader to a fly.. Improved Clinch Knot Tying Pass the end of the line through the eye. The "improved" version shown here includes an extra tuck under the final turn (step 9). or swivel. Pass the end back through the loop beside the eye. It is commonly used to fasten the leader to the fly. Then pass the end under the final turn. Wrap it around the standing end about five complete turns. lure.
rotate the hook or lure to obtain the desired number of twists.com . http://www. with heavier lines this may be reduced to four.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.Tying it: Wind the loops in a neat spiral round the standing line and hold the loops under your fingers as you wind the line on. The extra final tuck improves your chances of holding a strong fish. When tightened the tag end is actually gripped closely against the hook. It is particularly suited for attaching a small diameter tippet to a heavy wire hook. the knot changes its structure. Pulling on the line forces the wrapped turns to redistribute the twists so that the inner strand becomes an outer wrap (not illustrated in the animation using rope).animatedknots.com/improvedclinch/index.animatedknots.jpg&Website=ww w. Advantages: The Improved Clinch knot is regarded as a fisherman's reliable standby. Although five or more turns are recommended. with the other hand. Alternative: Another method of tying it is to hold the Line and Tag End in your fingers and. Pulling the Knot Tight: When lubricated and pulled tight.
Pass the rest of the cord through the loop and pull it back down in the direction of the expected load. with the load released it can easily be slid up or down. . Klemheist The Klemheist is a <strong>Slide and Grip</strong> (friction) knot related to the original Prusik knot but designed to take strain in only one direction. French Prusik) Knot Tying Use a piece of cord formed into a loop. laying each turn on neatly. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Klemheist (Machard. Klemheist (Machard. French Prusik) Knot Details History: The Klemheist is a derivative of the original Prusik knot (on left). When loaded it grips the climbing rope. Pass the loop around the main rope. Make three complete turns.
5 or 6 mm cord around the climbing rope.. http://www. It may be the preferred choice when the load is known to be in one direction only. before using any Slide and Grip knot. Do not grip the knot itself and pull because the knot then slips.com .com/klemheist/index. The Autoblock (Machard Tresse) and the Bachmann perform a similar function but both require a locking carabiner. p 299).animatedknots. The effectiveness of these knots diminishes as the sizes of the two ropes approach each other. i. Structure: The knot requires a "Prusik Loop" which is constructed by joining the two ends of a length of rope using a Double Fisherman's or a Triple Fisherman's.a nimatedknots.e. test it to see that it both grips and releases well.. Similarly with the Bachmann: don't pull on the carabiner because this quickly releases the grip.g. Slide and Grip Knots: The Klemheist is a good example of the family of "Slide and Grip" knots.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Rope Size: These knots must be made using a rope smaller than the load bearing rope.It appears to be identical to the knot described by Ashley for securing a loop to a vertical pole (ABOK # 1762. Risk: Only pull on the Prusik Loop. e. Variations: With these knots the number of turns should be increased or decreased to suit the ropes and the conditions. However. Ashley did not name this knot and did not describe the slide and grip feature.jpg&Website=www.
(ABOK # 787. Lanyard (Diamond) Knot Tying Start with a bight in the rope. Lanyard Knot The Lanyard Knot forms a loop in the middle of a piece of rope. Pass this end around outside the bight and up through the center of the Carrick Bend. In one end form a loop. It is frequently used as a component of a knife lanyard. Do the same with the other end and then tighten both ends to form the knot.) makes a fixed loop in the middle of a piece of rope. Pass the other end under and around the loop to tie a Carrick Bend. p 141. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Lanyard (Diamond) Knot Details Name: The Lanyard Knot. . It looks as though two lines are passing through a separate collar. also known as the Diamond Knot and Friendship Knot.
Use: The Lanyard Knot is often used as a decorative component of a Knife Lanyard. .Structure: Steps 1 to 6 of the animation show how the ends of the loop are joined together with a Carrick Bend. The resulting appearance creates the strong impression that the two ropes are passing through a collar. away from the loop. This pleasingly symmetrical knot forms the center of the Lanyard Knot. Each end is then wrapped around outside the loop and up through the center.
Wrap an extra turn around the bollard. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Pass a bight under the standing end and over the bollard. However. The Lighterman's Hitch is secure if sufficient turns are employed. Lighterman's (Tugboat) Hitch Tying Wrap the rope twice around the bollard. Pass a bight under the standing end and over the bollard and continue adding more turns as needed. it is commonly finished with two Half Hitches around the standing end. It can be safely released without risk of jamming. Lighterman's Hitch The Lighterman's Hitch is a simple robust way of securing a tow line.
com .com/lightermans/index. tree. http://www. As each turn is removed. animatedknots. Advantages: The beauty of the Lighterman's Hitch lies in its simplicity and the ease with which it can be safely untied and eased out. This provides a reliable way of taking the initial strain and is often enough to control a load while the hitch is completed.animatedknots. No knot is tied ‐ instead the rope is passed partially round the standing end in one direction and then in the other – each time dropping a bight over the bollard. Add Two Half Hitches Lighterman's (Tugboat) Hitch Details Uses: The Lighterman's Hitch is unusual in its approach to taking a heavy load. Similar Knots: The knot closest to the Lighterman's is the Tensionless – which merely consists of many turns wrapped round a suitable post. The Tensionless might have an advantage if the load approaches the breaking strain but only if the turns are passed around a large diameter bollard and the tail is secured away from the standing end to avoid the kink caused by securing the Tensionless to it. Tying it: The version shown here starts with two initial turns (often called "a Round Turn"). For larger loads an extra initial turn can be used. Of these two knots we prefer the Lighterman's for its neat use of alternating turns that reduce rotational stress on the post. the tail can be eased to determine whether the load is threatening to cause the remaining turns to slip.jpg&Website=www.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. or bollard.
Pass the splicing tool up the hollow core of the rope. taper. Long Bury 12Strand Rope Splice How to mark. Pull these six strands out of the rope and cut them off close to the rope. choosing alternate pairs. and thread the end for a Long Bury Splice. Tuck the tapered tail into the tool and pull it through the rope. Smooth out the rope to bury the end. Long Bury Splicing For tapering mark 6 strands. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 .
When tested to destruction. Material: This splicing technique is particularly suitable for un‐sheathed. The loose weave results in the angle of the fibers being nearly parallel to the axis with minimal kinking. The ropes have impressive strengths but they also have impressive drawbacks: knots or kinks can reduce the breaking strain of some materials to a mere 30%. The short lengths were used here just for photography. We prefer to reserve the name Brummel for the Locked Splice and use Long Bury Splice to describe this splice. 12. the Long Bury splice should not be a weak point – the standing end of the rope may break first.. some of the load has already been transferred from the outer braid to the inner. Requirements: At first glance this seems to be a simple way of making an eye splice – just thread the end up the middle. for Polyester. Technora. Liquid Crystal Aromatic Polyester (LCAP). for a 20 strand hollow braid. As the fiber angle becomes less favorable. Vectran. high modulus. Nomenclature: Some authors refer to this as a Brummel ‐ a Brummel without a lock. Taper: A tail with no taper creates a weak point because the square end of the buried tail abruptly changes the angle of the rope's fibers. loosely woven. or Twaron. However. This is about three and a half full fid lengths (a full length fid is 21 times the rope's diameter. e. The splicing technique described here imposes almost no kinking or compression on the rope's fibers and breaking strains in the 90 ‐ 100% range are to be expected.g. Nomex. However..13 14 15 16 17 Long Bury Splicing Details Warning: in practice use a much longer tail and a more gradual taper – see below. or 24‐strand. 20. about half this length is sufficient. The strength of the splice relies on the long tail being gripped by the standing end. . several requirements must be met to achieve both reliability and strength: Length of bury: Both Brion Toss and McCarthy and Starzinger recommend that the length of the buried tail should be 72 times the rope's diameter. This long taper means that the load is progressively transferred to the tail accompanied by a gradual change in the angle of the fibers in the standing end. single braid ropes. 16. or Aramid fibers. The animation shows a short taper with the marks placed on alternate strands.g. e. Spectra. Dyneema or Amsteel.g. In fact both the Brummel and the Long Bury have a critical feature in common: they both derive their strength from the long buried tail..) The very slippery Spectra and Dyneema require this long bury. In practice a much more gradual taper is made by marking every fifth pair or. Long Bury technique: The animation shows how to tie a Splice using the Long Bury technique – with no "Lock". the strain is progressively transferred from the standing end to the two lines of the eye. These ropes include: High‐Modulus Polyethylene (HMPE). e. Kevlar. alternate fifth and sixth pairs. 8.
How could it? The Long Bury technique achieves about 100% of the breaking strain. Measure how much the splice has shortened the end of the rope. e. climbers. . Use this information to calculate the length of rope required and try to make an identical splice on the other end.. The following technique works when preparing rigging for a mast. routinely use the Locked version. stitching adds nothing. The recommended stitching is a serpentine zigzag right through the rope and buried tail. Shortening: The long buried tail expands the rope and shortens it. In the interim. many riggers. make a mark well away from the end. and arborists. movement. 15 feet.g. Apply enough load to "reset" the braid the way it will lay in use. pulled into the splice. This stitching is made up in one direction followed by a similar return pattern back down with the rope rotated 90 degrees. However. It is a quick and reliable way to lock the splice together in the right position. Whipping: For the greatest security. it adds no strength. the splice should be whipped at the throat – the point where the two ropes exit from the splice to form the eye. may displace the tail – even pulling it completely out of the rope – wrecking the ability of the splice to withstand a maximum load. The two ends of the stitching are then tied together. just like the stitching. and trimmed. Locking: The Locked Brummel provides stability. Measure again. the critical load is only encountered occasionally. Before making the first splice. Stitching: For a critical breaking strain. However. Nevertheless. and inquisitive fingers. shaking. Then measure the lengths to be used for the eye and the tail and make the splice. There is no reliable formula for predicting the result because the settings used in the manufacturing process vary the tightness/looseness of the hollow braid construction.
or Jury Mast Knot. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . However. enables stays to be tied to the top of a temporary mast. Using the same end (for photography two ropes are used) follow the same path around a second time. Thread the end under and over across the middle to lock the structure. Weave the two outer loops across the center using a strict over and under sequence. when the rope is passed around a second time it makes a pleasing small mat. Masthead Knot Mat The Masthead Knot. Tuck in the end and secure it. Masthead Knot Mat Tying Form three similar loops.
With such evidence this knot could be located in the scouting or boating sections.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Masthead Knot Mat Details Uses: The Masthead Knot (ABOK # 1167. I would love to hear from someone who has had the experience of having to rig a Jury Mast. p 212) is described as being useful when rigging stays to the head of a temporary jury mast. Maybe! Many authorities certainly described this. . Ashley emphasizes how prone this knot would be to slip. Easy to Make: The Masthead Knot is described here because it is delightfully easy to make – the initial pattern can be made more quickly than almost any other mat. because it is more commonly used for decoration. They modified the knot using two additional turns woven around the bases of the links. However. Answer Received: I finally received my answer (Dec 2011). However. Perkins reported that on rough cut timber their knot held well. it remains here. it lacks the radial symmetry of other patterns and is probably tied more often for its convenience than for its perfection. If I ever had to rig a jury mast I think I would try Rolling Hitches. Contributor Larry Perkins described using the Masthead Knot with his father to set Poles for various construction projects. For this purpose the two ends were securely joined to make a fourth loop and guy lines were threaded through each loop to provide a two to one purchase for each guy. However.
Additional Turns: The animation employs two colors to show up the structure and there is space left between the turns. The mat then has a thicker section and is less suitable as a table mat. glue. When the mat is purely decorative. or twine and constrictor knots. to do this an end has to be passed across other turns. However. one or more additional turns are added using the same technique. the two ends can be heated in a flame and fused together. The entire mat is then tightened to eliminate space between the turns. Whichever method is chosen. . Another way to finish the mat is to attach each end to the neighboring turn using needle and thread. for a more pleasing appearance. In practice. a single longer piece of cord is used and. Finishing the Mat: The two ends can be secured in one of several ways. and the material is one that melts. the junction should be concealed under another turn as demonstrated in the animation.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Then tighten every turn. Pass the end through the middle. However. Make three more turns locking the previous turns and remove fingers. Pass the end through the middle. Tie a knot in the end and tuck it into the center. It is also sometimes used on the end of a heaving line. Monkey's Fist Tying Wrap three turns around your fingers (metal here). Make three more turns around the first ones. this can be hazardous if you are on the receiving end. Monkey's Fist The Monkey's Fist makes a neat ball on the end of a rope. It is decorative and fun to make.
After each set of complete turns. Finishing it: The animation shows an overhand knot being inserted into the center. After the overhand knot is in place the whole knot is tightened starting near the buried overhand knot and finishing with the other end of the rope. This allows the weighted Monkey's Fist to be . a U‐shaped piece of metal strip was used instead and three turns of rope were used in each direction. For each direction count carefully: it is very easy to miscount and have more strands on one side than the other.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Monkey's Fist Details Uses: The Monkey's Fist (ABOK # 2200 ‐ 3. The other end is then terminated in another eye splice. Tying it: The Monkey's Fist is usually tied around separated fingers. For the demonstration. This makes a slightly fuller knot. p 354) is used both as a decorative knot and to weight the end of a heaving line (see caution below). Alternative Finish: Ashley describes a version (left) where both ends remain outside the fist and are spliced together so that the Fist is part of an eye splice. change direction by passing the end through the middle.
He watched professional dock hands cut off Monkey's Fists and his account remains in my mind). The rope pays out partly from the coil you throw and partly from the coil in your hand.php?Categ=decorative&LogoImage=LogoGrog. (Grog's father. Dock hands have been known to cut heavily weighted Monkey's Fists off the end of heaving lines ‐ and I sympathize with them.attached to any heaving line just by interlocking the second eye splice into the heaving line's eye splice. the crew had tied it around a small rubber ball. served as a ship's doctor on a submarine depot ship in World War II. Imagine looking up against a bright sky to and catch a rope coil and being hit instead by a heavy missile. split the coil into two parts (picture on right).com/monkeysfist/index.animatedknots.com . E. Grogono. In the picture above left. In the picture below.animatedknots. http://www. Heavier weights can be a danger. Throw the smaller half as a neat coil so that it carries the distance. Splitting the Coil: Before throwing a heaving line. AB Freddie Paz is standing on the upper level of the Foredeck ready to throw the line.jpg&Website=w ww. Danger with Weights: The Monkey's Fist is commonly described as being tied around a small weight to make the heaving line easier to throw a long way.B.
Pull the tail to release. Mooring Hitch Thie Mooring Hitch is is a quick‐release knot for temporarily securing a boat to a post or ring. With the tail. Highwayman's. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Release Quick Release Hitches: Tumble. Mooring Mooring Hitch Details Name: Ashley associates the name "Mooring Hitch" with the Rolling Hitch (ABOK # 1791. He points out that when snug it will not slip down the post. form a loop so that the tail touches the standing end. p 304). . Pass a bight of the tail ocross the loop and under the standing end and tighten to take the load. Mooring Hitch Tying Pass the rope behind and over the pole.
Similar Knots: Many quick‐release hitches have been described. A climber. Real Danger: Quick release hitches share a major fault: entanglement of the free tail with the moving load can trigger abrupt release. Not for Mooring: This so‐called Mooring Hitch has been described as being tied loosely around a pole so that the loop can rise and fall with the tide.Tying it: The animations shows the locking bight passing sideways under the standing end. barnacles. 4. Of the three. 3. To make it easier to tie. Quick release knots should not be used for retrieving a climbing rope because there are recommended alternatives: 1. frightened by a sudden slip or jerk. the Tumble Hitch is the best. . bolts. Even discounting the risk of the loop catching on oysters. The Tumble and Highwayman's are also described here. Uses: It might be reasonable to use a Mooring Hitch to briefly tie up a kayak while getting into it. 2. However. many descriptions show a bight of the standing end being lifted up first to make this easier. it makes more sense to learn and use the Tumble Hitch which is more trustworthy. and beams. such use must be condemned because it implies protracted use of a knot that cannot be trusted and is also prone to jam. might grab at the adjacent line and trigger a fatal fall.
tie a slip knot leaving a long loop. When pulled the knot is inverted through the caribiner. Munter Mule Combination Hitch Tying Pass the rope into the carabiner. Now the hitch is inverted and able to take in slack during ascent.The load is on the climbing rope. The only equipment required is a locking carabiner. Twist the rope above into a loop and hook it onto the carabiner to take the load. Create two loops and then. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 . Munter Mule Combination The Munter Mule Combination provides the Munter hitch for controlled rappelling (abseiling) with the Mule addition to belay the Munter when required. around the climbing rope. Use it to tie a Half Hitch to secure the knot. This is how the Munter is used for descent.
Using a bight of the rope a Slip Knot followed by a Half Hitch is tied around the standing end. The load end should pass first round the spine side (not the opening side) of the carabiner. Using Thin Rope: In an emergency. 1 ‐ 6 in the animation. modern. the Mule knot tends to slide down tight against the Munter and can be somewhat difficult to undo. Alternatives for Tying‐Off: These two pictures compare two of the alternative methods for tying‐off the Munter: Two Half Hitches (Left) and the Overhand Knot (Right). Disadvantages: The Munter kinks the rope. Advantages: The greatest advantage of the Munter is that it can be used with minimum equipment – just a locking carabiner. round the rope. the brake hand need only apply relatively little force on the free end. imparts a twist to it during descent. the rope will not chafe against the lock with the risk of opening it. These extra turns are not necessary with 11mm climbing rope. Then during descent. The animation used the mule with a half half but the Overhand Knot is more common.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=ww w.animatedknots. allows controlled descent when rappelling (abseiling). high strength. When loaded. This final Half Hitch is essential because the weight of the hanging rope might otherwise easily undo the Slip Knot.animatedknots. Requirements: Use a carabiner large enough to allow the hitch to be inverted through the carabiner when pulled. Some climbers use three half hitches in preference to two. Additional turns should then be taken round the spine of the carabiner to reduce the strain (see picture on left).com/muntermule/index. and back through the carabiner. For controlled descent. is used to secure the Munter. The Mule: The Mule Hitch.Load Invert Take Up Slack Munter Mule Combination Hitch Details The Munter: The Munter Hitch ‐ (the Italian Hitch). and also makes the rope fuzzy if used often. The climbing rope passes through a locking carabiner.com . http://www. thin rope can be used for the Munter. 7 ‐ 11 in the animation.
Nail Knot The Nail Knot is used to join two fishing lines of different diameter. and trim the ends. Withdraw the straw. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . wrap the lighter line (blue) around the straw and both lines. Lubricate. to the fly line. Make six complete turns. Nail Knot Tying Overlap the two lines. It is used to join a leader. pull the knot tight. pass the line through the straw and tighten the knot neatly around the straw. or tippet. Holding the straw and the lines together.
The animation above shows the smaller line being threaded through the loops using a straw. The Nail Knot is an important fishing knot used to join two lines of different diameters and allows for line diameters to diminish down to the fly. it is easier to use a small straw if you can.com/nailknot/index. it is useful for attaching your backing to the fly line.13 Nail Knot Details 14 15 Uses: The Nail Knot was originally named because a nail was inserted as a guide when threading the line.e. or tippet..anim atedknots. http://www. i.animatedknots. and your fly line to the leader.jpg&Website=www.com . the line can be threaded beside a nail (hence its name) or pulled through with a needle. Today. Alternative: Alternatively.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Tying it: There are several ways of tying this knot. Advantages: The Nail Knot makes a smooth compact knot that will readily pass through the guides.
and trim the end. Lubricate. Wrap the tag end around the standing end about five times and back through the overhand knot. then back through the overhand knot. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . NonSlip Mono Knot The Non‐Slip Mono Knot forms a fixed loop and retains a very high proportion of the line's rated breaking strain. tighten. NonSlip Mono Knot Tying Tie a loose overhand knot and pass the tag end through the eye.
13 NonSlip Mono Knot Details Origin: The Non‐Slip Mono Knot is a higher strength version of the original Homer Rhodes Loop Knot where the tag end was only hitched once around the standing line. e. Number of Turns: The recommended number of turns depends on the line strength shown in the table: Tying it: The size of the loop must be adjusted while the turns are still loose. Once tightened the size of the loop is fixed.. it makes a flexible attachment and allows a more natural action. Transformation: The Non‐Slip Mono undergoes a transformation as it is tightened.g. Lefty Kreh's Loop Knot. Line 6 ‐ 8 lb test 8 ‐ 12 lb test 15 ‐ 40 lb test 50 ‐ 60 lb test 60 lb plus test Turns 7 5 4 3 2 . Because the loop doesn't grip the lure. The outer short‐end wrapping turns become internal and vice versa. Purpose: The Non‐Slip Mono makes a very strong fixed loop in the end of the line. Advantages: The Non‐Slip Mono is fairly easy to tie and is claimed to retain most of the line's rated strength. Various other names have been given to the knot.
1 2 3 4 5 6 Compare: Noose. It has many other uses including gaining initial control of the string when tying up a package. Noose Knot Tying Form a loop in the end of the rope. Noose Knot The Noose creates a loop in the end of a rope which tightens when pulled. It is a frequently tied knot ‐ being used in the Arbor Knot and in knitting as the first loop when casting on – where it is frequently tied as a Noose and called a Slip Knot. It is not the Hangman's Knot. It has been used as a snare to catch small animals. Slip Knot Noose Knot Details 7 Uses: The simple Noose (ABOK # 1114. . Pull on the standing end to tighten the noose. Tuck a bight of the standing end through the loop. This page also provides a link to the Slip Knot to help compare these two similar knots. Make the bight larger and pass it around the object. p 204.) is identical in structure to the Slip Knot except that the bight to be inserted is formed from the long end – and not the short one.
It is deliberately not illustrated here (see below). Sometimes applied to the Hangman's Knot. Its supposed advantage for hanging was humanitarian: appropriate use was intended to result in a broken neck ‐ causing a rapid death. The same result can be obtained almost as easily by passing the end round the object and using the short end to tie a Half Hitch around the long end. just as in knitting. The New York State Article uses the generic "noose". "Running Bowline" or "Duncan". it is often misnamed a "Slip Knot". The knot described on this page. The Louisiana Bill specifies the Hangman's Noose.. Legislation: However.com/noose/index. etc.com . A descriptive term for loop knots that tighten under load. Tying it: The technique used in the animation tucks a bight of the long end through a loop. Louisiana House Bill 726 and New York Article 240. The knot can bind and critically restrict blood flow. Several Questions on Snopes ask whether it is illegal to describe the Hangman's Knot.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog. It isn't.The Hangman's Knot is related to the simple Noose except that many turns are wrapped around the loop. "Noose" Name Confusion: It is unfortunate that "noose" is used in a number of ways: 1.. for other noose‐ like knots. 3. 2. It should never be tight round someone's neck. Danger: The Noose knot is not a Hangman's Knot but it can also be deadly.animatedknots.31 both prohibit the display of a Noose because of its use as a means of intimidation. e.jpg&Website=www. To make it worse the Duncan and the Hangman's Knot are often wrongly regarded as the same.animat edknots. Tied this way it is the first part of one version of the Butcher's Knot used to secure meat for roasting ‐ where again.g. It would simplify life to use "Noose" for this knot and use the proper names. and. http://www.
Ocean Plait Mat A pleasing rope mat created started with a simple overhand knot. turn. Ocean Plait Mat Tying Tie an Overhand knot with long loops. and a fourth. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . With the long end follow the pattern around. Cut the ends and stitch them under the mat. Twist each loop and cross them over each other. Repeat with a third. Thread the short end across the knot and thread the long end to lock the pattern.
The mat then has a thicker section and is less suitable as a tablemat. or stitching. Each mat starts with an Overhand knot and can be lengthened merely be using longer loops and crossing them over each other again. and the material is one that melts. to do this an end has to be passed across other turns. Ashley provides a huge selection of designs. When the mat is purely decorative. Finishing the Mat: The two ends can be secured in one of several ways. the junction should be concealed under another turn as shown in the animation. constrictor knots. Another way to finish the mat is to attach each end to its neighboring turn using glue. Uses: Small Ocean Plait Knot mats make excellent tablemats and hot pads. twine. Larger ones make excellent doormats or treads for stairs. Additional Turns: Four complete turns are shown in the animation. Whichever method is chosen. However. . The tightness of the original knot determines the number of additional turns that can be added. the two ends can be heated in a flame and fused together.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Ocean Plait Mat Details Origin: The Ocean Plait Mat (ABOK # 3490) is a member of a large family of symmetrical mats made by weaving the ends. The entire mat is finally tightened to eliminate any remaining space between the turns. some of which are very elaborate with many crossings.
OneHanded Bowline Tying With the rope round your back. There are three main steps: .) is a quick. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 OneHanded Bowline Details Uses: The One‐Handed Bowline (ABOK # 1010. hold about half a meter of the short end in your hand. Secure the end with an overhand knot to the loop. useful way to tie a bowline when the other hand is occupied or injured. OneHanded Bowline The One‐Handed Bowline is tied with one hand. Pass the short end round the standing end and pull it back through the loop. p 186. It is identical to a normal bowline but useful if the other hand is occupied ‐ or injured. Hook the standing end with your thumb to form a loop around your hand.
. 3. it is completed with a final overhand knot tied to the loop of the bowline. withdraw your hand from the loop. Hold the short end and create a loop around your hand. The animation illustrates the climber's viewpoint with the rope passed round his/her back. it is safer to form the loop around your hand rather than risk the whole wrist. see the Bowline Page.1. Pass the short end round the standing end. Alternative Stopper Knots for the Bowline: to see more details about the bowline as well as other methods of securing it. 2. Because a bowline can shake loose. Still holding the short end. Caution: a sudden strain while tying this knot could trap your wrist. For this reason.
and Clinch knots. light. and easily to remember and tie. Duncan. each step is like the one before. Tying it: It is helpful to picture a symmetrical stepladder pattern. . back through the first loop and then back through the second loop. the Orvis knot tends to set up at an angle. Lubricate. tighten. Palomar. Disadvantages: As it is being tightened. Pass the tag end through the second loop again. Until the final extra twist through the same loop. reliable. Pass the tag end around the line. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Orvis Knot Details Uses: The Orvis Knot was invented by Larry Becker who submitted it in a contest held by the Orvis Company to find the best knot to attach a line to the hook. Orvis Knot Tying Pass the line through the eye of the hook. and trim the tag end. Similar Knots: The Orvis performs a similar function as other line‐to‐hook knots such as the Trilene. simple knot for attaching fishing line to a hook. Orvis Knot The Orvis Knot is an excellent. small. Advantages: The Orvis knot is strong. It also works well in light and heavy lines and in any tippet material.
animate dknots. http://www.Breaking Strain: It is claimed to retain most of the line's original breaking strain.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com .com/orvis/index.animatedknots.jpg&Website=www.
p 14) as "the simplest of the Single‐Strand Stopper Knots. When pulled tight it can function as a simple stopper knot. a Hitching Post." It can also be used to prevent the end of a piece of rope unraveling. The Half Knot – a binding knot – first part of a Square (Reef) Knot. Half Hitch. It makes a knot in the end of a rope which can prevent fraying and can act as a simple stopper knot. Comparison: The animation shows the close similarity between: The Overhand Knot – tied in the end of a rope. Tighten it to form the Overhand Knot. Overhand Knot Tying Form a loop and pass the end through it. Double Overhand: The first turn is often followed by a second ‐ to create the larger stopper knot. The Half Hitch – attaches a rope to something.. e. when an even larger stopper knot is required.g. the Double Overhand. Although the Double Overhand makes a good stopper "Knot". Recommendations: As a stopper the Overhand Knot has one advantage: it is one of the few stopper knots that can be tied tightly up against an object or a knot. . 1 2 3 4 Related: Overhand Knot. Overhand Knot The Overhand Knot is the simplest of knots. the Ashley Stopper Knot is preferred. Half Knot Overhand Knot Tying Details 5 6 Uses: The Overhand Knot was described by Ashley (ABOK # 46.
com .jpg&Website=www.ani matedknots.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog.http://www.com/overhand/index.animatedknots.
A loop is passed through the eye. tie an overhand knot. Trim the tag end. an overhand knot is tied with the loop which is then passed over the hook. Pass the bight through the eye of the hook. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Lubricate and pull the standing and tag ends to tighten the knot. Pass the bight over the hook and down around the knot. With the bight. Palomar Knot Tying Form a bight in the end of the line. Palomar Knot The Palomar Knot is used to attach a fish hook to a line.
com .jpg&Website=www. This limits the hook's movement and the majority of experienced fishermen recommend the technique illustrated here. which can be awkward and necessitates making the loop large enough. Alternative: Some descriptions show the final loop positioned against the shaft of the hook rather than pulled further down around the bight. 13 Palomar Knot Details Uses: The Palomar Knot is a simple knot for attaching a line to a hook.anim atedknots. The effect is that this leaves the hook free to rotate in the knot. http://www.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Advantages: It is recommended for use with braided lines. The loop is then passed over the hook and tightened around the bight below the eye. or a fly to a leader or tippet. It is regarded as one of the strongest and most reliable fishing knots. the fly or hook has to pass through the loop.animatedknots. With a little practice the Palomar is a knot that can be tied in the dark. Disadvantages: When tying this knot. Tying it: After the loop is passed through the eye. an overhand knot is tied with the loop.com/palomar/index.
Perfection Loop Tying Form a loop in the end of the line. Trim the end. Perfection Loop The Perfection Loop creates a small loop which is in line with the standing part of the leader or tippet. Pull the top loop through the bottom loop. . It is commonly used to join a Perfection Loop in the end of a fly line to a Perfection loop in a Leader using a "Loop to Loop" connection. Pass the tag end between the two loops. Lubricate and tighten by pulling on the standing end and the new loop. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Perfection Loop Details 10 Uses: The Perfection Loop is the easiest way to make a small loop in the end of a leader or tippet that will lie perfectly in line with the standing end. Form a second loop and lay it on top of the first with the tag end under the standing end.
checking that the loop crosses and traps the end.Tying it: This knot is most easily tied in the hand.com/perfection/index. Advantages: The Perfection loop creates a stable loop that lines up neatly with the standing end. Alternative: It can also be tied through a fly or lure by passing the free end along the path shown in Frame 7 above. Hold the first loop between finger and thumb.com .ani matedknots. Using a "Loop to Loop" connection the Perfection Knot allows for quick and convenient leader changes.jpg&Website=www. Tuck the second turn through the first. Wrap the second turn round the finger and thumb and then between the two loops.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. http://www.animatedknots.
sometimes called a Triple Overhand Noose. e. Poacher's Knot Tying Form a bight in the end of the rope. A common mistake when learning is failing to complete the second turn. Pull tight. Occasionally.. p 204) which is a similar knot with an extra turn. at loads as low as 15 ‐ 20% of the rope's breaking strain. It is also known as the Strangle Snare and Double Overhand Noose.g. Tuck the end through these turns to complete the knot. Tying it: The technique used in the animation creates a Double Overhand Knot around the standing end. Scaffold. It is hard to imagine using either the material or the technique today. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Poacher's Knot Details History: The Poacher's Knot (ABOK # 409. High Modulus Ropes: The Poacher's Knot is one of the few knots suitable for use with new ropes such as Dyneema and Spectra. p 65. or Two‐Turn. people refer to the Poacher's as a Double. Poacher's Knot The Poacher's Knot makes a very secure loop in the end of a piece of rope and is useful with modern high modulus ropes. Stronger Alternative: Ashley also describes the Scaffold Knot (ABOK # 1120. . Loosely wrap the end around the bight twice. making only a single Overhand knot which is not secure.) is described by Ashley as made of horsehair and used to trap Woodcock or Partridge. Bowlines and other familiar loop knots may not be secure with these slippery high modulus ropes and may pull undone.
Pass the knot around the rope three times inside the loop. Two Prusik loops are alternately slid up the static rope: a long . Uses: Its principal use is allowing a rope to be climbed. Prusik Knot or Triple Sliding Hitch The Prusik is a symmetrical <strong>Slide and Grip</strong> (friction) knot. (ABOK # 1763.) It appears to be identical in structure to a knot described by Ashley for hoisting a spar.Karl Prusik (sometime president of the Austrian Mountaineering Club and often misspelled "Prussik". Make sure the turns lie neatly beside each other and pull the knot tight. Prusik Knot (Triple Sliding Hitch) Tying Use a piece of cord formed into a loop. Load can be taken in either direction. Structure: The knot requires a "Prusik Loop" which is constructed by joining the two ends of a length of rope using a Double Fisherman's or a Triple Fisherman's. p 300). but Ashley did not name this knot and did not describe the slide and grip feature. The same number of turns lie above and below the loop. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Prusik Knot (Triple Sliding Hitch) Details History: The Prusik knot was developed in 1931 by Dr.
In rescue work.Prusik loop allows the climber to lift himself using leg power. and a second short Prusik loop is attached to the harness. it is useful if a load might need to be applied in either direction. if a climber has to be pulled up. a Prusik loop can hold a pulley block purchase system on a climbing rope. Slide and Grip Knots: Because the Prusik is a symmetrical slide and grip knot. For loads which are always applied in the same direction other knots are preferred such as the Klemheist or the Bachmann (see picture on left) http://www.anim atedknots.animatedknots.com/prusik/index.com .php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www.
Lubricate and tighten the knot. Rapala Knot Tying Form an overhand knot in the line. Wrap the end three times around the standing end. Trim the end. Rapala Knot The Rapala Knot provides an excellent connection between line and lure. Pass the end back through the overhand knot and then through the loop just formed. It allows for a natural action as the loop does not grip the eye. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Pass the tag end through the eye and back through the overhand knot.
Tying it: A long enough loop should be left to ensure that the lure is not gripped. It is also claimed to retain most of the line strength ‐ and this might be expected as the structure of the knot passes the force to the loop via a wrap in the center. Advantages: The advantage claimed for this knot is that it allows the lure to move naturally. it is best to choose the lightest tackle possible to allow the lure to move with a natural motion. . If a swivel or leader is essential.13 14 15 16 17 Rapala Knot Details Uses: The Rapala Knot is a non‐slip loop knot usually tied directly to the lure. The Rapala brothers recommended it for use with their Rapala lures as providing a loop that allowed the lures to move freely and naturally.
followed by several figure 8 turns round both Bitts. RatTail Stopper Tying The Rat‐Tail Stopper takes the load when the line is taken off the winch. Finally a complete turn is taken around the Second Bitt. The line is then passed around the First Bitt. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Rat Tail Stopper The Rat Tail Stopper is a friction hitch which takes the load on a Mooring Line while it is transferred to the Bitts.
many lines have to be first tightened with a shared winch and then transferred to a set of Bitts to free up the winch to tighten the next line. This allows some lines to remain permanently on their own winch. the abbreviated name "Stopper" is commonly used. Demonstration Only: Because a foredeck during mooring procedures is no place for casual photography. these photographs were taken while at sea. . In technical publications several names are used including: Mooring Line Stopper. In this picture taken of the Insignia's Forward Mooring Station (left). Rat Tail Stopper. The knot described here is the double‐ended version. The center of the stopper line is secured to the Bitts – often an eye at the base of the Bitts. Rat‐Tail Stopper has been chosen here. Winches: There will usually be multiple winches.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 RatTail Stopper Details Controlling a Mooring Line: This page describes a Mooring Line Stopper knot that temporarily takes the load while a Mooring Line is transferred from the Winch to the Bitts. For safety and for convenience the line was not under tension. Name of the Knot: On the working deck. The Mooring Line was led first from the Hawse Hole to the Winch and then to the Bitts. the forward winch already has two lines on it. and the port winch is partially hidden by the ship's structure. Rat‐Tailed Stopper. the starboard winch has two lines on it. We waited until the ship had left the Atlantic swells and was travelling east in the calmer waters of the Mediterranean and when the morning sunlight brightly illuminated the port side foredeck. However. The stopper knot itself commences with a Half Knot tied around the mooring line before starting the double spiral. and Rattail Stopper.
Injuries are not uncommon. Material: Today. and then over the Bollard.Size and Force: The size of the Mooring Line will vary with the vessel's size. Rat‐Tail Options: A single tailed stopper can be used for lighter loads. four lines are run from each location. when two ships are moored close to each other. which reduces the "snapback" risks on the shore and on the mooring station: when a loaded nylon hawser breaks. Mooring: Large ships are usually moored alongside a dock using multiple lines. lines from the two ships may share a Bollard. When this occurs. Dipping the Loop: When a line is Doubled Up. and less likely to twist the Mooring Line. Dipping the Loop allows either line to be removed first. there is sufficient energy contained in the recoiling ends to maim or kill. Typically. In addition. or worse standing on a line or in a bight of line. They are also much less elastic than nylon. Standing near a line. up through the first rope's eye splice. followed by a length of spiral wrapping. the force in the mooring line will be many thousands of pounds. Using a single line. on Cruise Ships the diameter will typically be 2. Safety: Safety is taken very seriously. more reliable. Even with HMPE significant risks remain. the two lines usually share the same Bollard. which is being tightened or released can lead to major injuries or death. To Dip the Loop. However. A well equipped Mooring Station often provides a safety cage around the winch operator to provide some protection from recoiling rope ends ‐ see Right Side of Frames 1 ‐ 4. the second rope's eye splice is passed from beneath. This technique allows the first rope to be lifted off first if necessary. one aft and one forward. the double stopper technique illustrated here would appear to be stronger. Without this precaution. All the lines run from the two work decks. However. a couple of Half Hitches are tied around the line. . All Eight Lines are usually "Doubled Up" so that Two Lines share each task. which floats so that there is a reduced risk of fouling a propeller.5 ‐ 3 inches (64 ‐ 75 mm) or more with a breaking strain of thirty to forty tons. mooring lines are commonly made of HMPE. the first rope's eye can be lifted off but can only slide up and down the second mooring line. When tight.
Rolling (Taut Line) Hitch The Rolling Hitch secures a rope to another parallel rope. Continue around going over the first turn. It is one of the few knots which can be tied and untied while there is a load and can be adjusted without it being untied. It can take the load while a rope is transferred or secured elsewhere. Rolling Hitch Tying Pass the end around the main (red) rope to make a Half Hitch. Continue around to add a final Half Hitch. Tighten to make it secure (this introduces a slight dog‐leg in the main rope). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 . Tuck the rope between the standing end and the first turn.
the one better suited for a pole.. This became known as a Taut‐Line Hitch and was taught this way in early versions of the Boy Scouts of America Handbooks. in critical applications some authorities recommend using the tail end to tie a second Rolling Hitch to back up the first. Tying it back to itself forms an adjustable loop (Midshipman's Hitch) with many uses. ABOK # 1798. not a rope. Moreover. p 304). p 298). It may also fail to hold on wire or stainless‐steel tubing.Rolling Hitch and Taut Line Hitch Details Description: The Rolling Hitch Ashley Version 2 (ABOK # 1735. Midshipman's. However. On more modern line. the tucked turn forces a slight dog‐leg in the main rope which contributes to the secure grip.. on small sailing boats it is successfully used as a boom‐vang and. As soon as the 'tuck' is made the knot is stable as an "Awning Hitch" (picture on left.. Rolling Hitch vs. So we now have a "Taut‐Line" Hitch employing the wrong version of the Rolling Hitch. a change was made and Version 1 was substituted – the version better for a pole. Safety Belt Hitch (Left): Ashley also describes a Safety‐Belt Hitch used by Steeplejacks (ABOK # 452. Under Load: The Rolling Hitch is one of the few knots which can be tied and untied with load on. Magnus Hitch: A Magnus (ABOK # 1736. Critical Details: The animation correctly shows that the blue rope is parallel to the red. the first part of the knot has no 'structure' and the first two turns just slide along. Taut‐Line. not "tucked up". Version 1 is less secure on rope. Both of the first two turns are just wound on tightly beside each other.g. p 74). and Rolling Hitches: A Midshipman's Hitch is created when a rope goes around an object and tied back to itself with a Rolling Hitch Version 2 – the version better for rope." After testing various knots. to secure a rope to a parallel pole (right)... e. at home. It is harder to snug up but is said to cause less twisting. it makes an adjustable Clothesline Hitch. p 298) attaches a rope (usually smaller) to another (usually larger) when the line of pull is almost parallel. It does not bind and. Before you tire. where three turns. It can be used to relieve the strain on a hawser while the "Bitter End" is transferred to the "Bitts" (picture on Right) but the Rat‐Tail Stopper is better. p 298) is created when the final Half Hitch around the standing end is tied in the opposite direction.. which tends to be much more slippery. you . they recommended the Icicle Hitch as offering the best performance as a Slide and Grip Knot. when tied correctly. Without this tucked turn. Overboard: The Rolling Hitch has been promoted as the only knot to tie in the following unlikely but critical circumstance: while sailing alone you fall overboard and catch hold of the line which you have prudently left trailing astern and find yourself hanging on with difficulty. The value of 'tucking in' turn two above the first turn can be shown by tying the knot with and without this tuck. are used in the first part of the knot before the final Half Hitch is placed. this knot is likely to fail. does not slip. It can also make an adjustable loop in the end of a rope to act as a spring line to a dock. use Ashley's Version 1 (ABOK # 1734. There is no "tucked second turn". If the tension is away from the standing rope or pole. the rolling hitch often slips under load. Their analysis concluded: ". The "pull" MUST be in line with the main rope (or the pole). To attach a rope to a pole see Ashley Version 1 below. Recent Research: In August of 2009 Practical Sailor reported on their testing of slide and grip knots. Unfortunately. Uses: The Rolling Hitch is useful to take the strain off a rope with a foul turn on a winch. Rope to Pole: However.
com . the major strain is taken and the final Half Hitch can be tied with less urgency.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Even as the second turn is tucked "up" into the correct place. attention to detail is essential.animatedknots. Two Half Hitches will slide and constrict you. the Rolling Hitch can be tied using a bight (loop) instead of the end.com/rollinghitch/index.manage to bring the bitter end of the rope around your back. However. will take the strain.jpg&Website=www. animatedknots. This is particularly useful when the Rolling Hitch is being used as a Spring Line. The first part of the knot is tied using one strand of the loop. Once the first part of the knot is secure and. You then have to tie a suitable knot to make a loop around you. the bight can be used to tie one or more Half Hitches. The other strand is kept out of the way but the bitter end is NOT pulled through. http://www. Variation Using a Bight: When there is a long tail end. The Rolling Hitch is the answer. as usual. A bowline cannot be tied under load.
knowledge of the rope's history. and assessment. and then spread out or hung up to dry in the air. Storage: Climbing rope should be stored.. e. If a rope has not suffered a major fall. sparks or other sources of ignition. Life Expectancy: Manufacturers recommend a retirement schedules which errs on the side of caution and also. repeated minor falls. rinsed free of the soap. and if the rope has not been exposed to damage from chemicals: it is almost certainly safe to use it within the schedule shown below. preferably after drying. alkalis.e. and embers. Use climbing rope only for climbing ‐ not for towing a vehicle. at room temperature. presumably. and do not place the rope above a heat source. washing. e. ideally in a storage bag. Care and Cleaning of Rope Rope is all to often left in a tangle on the ground which is far from the safest way to store it and usually makes it hard to use. heat from rapid rapelling. and care of ropes ‐ particularly those used for climbing. Avoid contact with chemicals. Rope should be kept neatly coiled. Rope Care/Cleaning Cleaning. acids. oxidizing agents (present in concrete). and stored appropriately so that it can be used free of tangles without delay. Chaos Coil Care and Cleaning of Rope Details Safety: The life of a climbing rope depends greatly on use and damage and. cleaning.. Avoid direct sunlight. to a lesser extent. approaching factor 2 (a fall double the rope distance from the belay). alternate weekends: every 4 years Every Weekend: every 2 years Sport climbing involving frequent short falls: every 3 ‐ 6 months Major fall (approaching factor 2): immediately Flat spots. Climbing Rope Replacement Schedule: Occasional use. if the sheath shows no significant wear or damage. and rapelling using small diameter carabiners all tend to weaken rope. i.. Care: Keep your rope off the ground to protect it from dirt that contains sharp small chips and crystals. Avoid treading on your rope as this may work sharp particles into the core. off the ground. sheath damage: immediately . becoming stiff. and storage. soft spots. bleach. Cleaning: Climbing ropes should be washed occasionally by hand in cold water with a mild soap. on care. do not use a dryer. However.g. on the side of profit! How long you decide to use the rope depends on your own inspection. smokers.g.
Unsure of condition or history: immediately .
Two Round Lashings can be used to make a longer pole. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Join two poles Round Lashing Details Use: The Round Lashing is similar to the one described by Ashley for scaffolding (ABOK # 2103. Finish with another Clove Hitch. p 342) It is used to lash two parallel spars together to make a longer one. Round Lashing A Round Lashing is used to bind adjacent poles together. . Wrap six or eight turns around the two poles. Round Lashing Technique Start with a Clove Hitch around both poles.
one above and one below the lashing. A common recommendation is to hammer two wedges between the poles. This tightens the lashing and makes it more secure.Increased Security: Many descriptions describe the difficulty of making the lashing tight enough to be secure. .
the knot is then tied with the other. Pull tight to complete the knot. This takes the strain while you tie the knot.g. The Round Turn and Two Half Hitches is essentially a round turn fastened back to the standing end with a clove hitch. Round Turn and Two Half Hitches An excellent knot for securing a rope to a post or ring. Continue around in the same direction to make the second Half Hitch.. Pull this tight. Round Turn and Two Half Hitches Tying Pass the end around the post twice. While one hand holds the strain. It is similar to the anchor bend but the first Half Hitch is not passed under the initial turn. Go around the standing end to make the first Half Hitch. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Structure . e. of a mooring line during docking. The initial turns take the load.
Round Turn and Two Half Hitches Details A Useful Boating Knot: A Round Turn and Two (or more) Half Hitches (ABOK # 1720. with a large vessel or in a strong wind. e. the Round Turn and Two Half Hitches is composed of two important parts: Round Turn: The initial 'Round Turn' – actually two passes of the tail – should take the initial strain while you complete the knot. Direction: Always tie the Half Hitches in the same 'direction'. Variation Using a Bight: When there is a long tail. p 296) is useful for attaching a mooring line to a dock post or ring although probably less secure than the Anchor Hitch (below). the Half Hitches can be tied using a bight (loop) instead of the end. use as many turns on the post as are necessary to control the strain. As the name suggests.jpg&Website=www. Tying the Knot: Learn to tie the Half Hitches with one hand! This allows you to use the other hand to take the strain of a vessel that may easily pull with a force far greater than you could otherwise control. or more Half Hitches ‐ either to make the knot more secure or to use up excess line. This may be critical when handling a mooring line. An additional turn. As emphasized above.com/roundturn/index.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog.. This consumes excess rope which may otherwise hang in the way or require coiling. when dealing with such force. If you start the first Half Hitch with the tail passing away from you above the rope.a nimatedknots. The two Half Hitches actually form a clove hitch round the standing end.com .g. or even two additional turns. then do the same with the next (and the next). should be added initially if you are handling a heavy load. These turns allow you to control the load while you add the: Two or More Half Hitches.animatedknots. However. http://www. it is common to see an additional one.
g. around itself. Pass the short end round the standing end. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Running Bowline Details Uses: The Running Bowline (ABOK # 1117. and back through the loop to form the bowline. In boating it is recommended for use when retrieving lumber or rigging which has fallen . Running Bowline Tying Pass the rope over the pole.. Form a loop in the tail. through the loop. e. Pull on the standing end to run the bowline up against the pole. Running Bowline The Running Bowline is identical to a normal bowline but is tied around the standing end so that it can slide. p 204) is a valuable way of tying a type of noose which will not bind and can be slid undone easily. up to a tree branch.
Options: When the Standing End is available. Retrieval: Once the knot is snug up against the branch. The first challenge is to find a suitable branch and the second is to successfully throw the rope over it. retrieval later can be a problem. it is often easier to first tie the Bowline and then thread the Standing End through it.animatedknots.overboard and in climbing for retrieving objects in places such as crevasses.com/bowlinerunning/index.php?Categ=boating&LogoImage=LogoGrog. At home it is useful to hang a Child's Swing. the Alpine Butterfly Loop would be better because it requires no threading of a long end to tie it. Advance planning provides options: either a light retrievable line attached to the bowline or a very long tail to the bowline. So long as the rope is under tension.jpg&Website=w ww. if the long end option is considered.animatedknots. http://www.com . Alternatives: A similar running noose could be created with various loop knots ‐ including the Noose itself. The knot may be twenty feet in the air and you have neither intrepid rope climbers nor long ladders. However. When not loaded the knot can be easily undone. the running bowline will grip its load ‐ or the branch. The advantage of using a knot like a bowline is that it will not close up and bind on the standing end.
under. up. pass the short end down. down and under. Sailmaker's Whipping Tying Thread the twine between the strands. down a groove and under a strand. the binding turns encircle the whipping to prevent the strands from unwinding if damaged. cut short. Similarly. Sailmaker's Whipping The Sailmaker's Whipping is the standard against which other whippings are compared: elegant and secure. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Pass it under a strand. Tie the ends with Square (Reef) knots. and trim. under. Pull them through. up a groove and under a strand. Wrap the long end around the rope.
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Sailmaker's Whipping Details Uses: The Sailmaker's Whipping (ABOK # 3446. p 547) is the most secure whipping. The whipping turns are contained by the frapping turns that both grip the rope and prevent the whipping from unwinding if damaged. It looks most satisfying when applied to the end of a three‐strand rope ‐ each pair of frapping strands follows the twist of the rope and is accommodated in the groove. This whipping can be used equally well on braided or kernmantle rope ‐ but greater care is required to distribute the frapping turns evenly round the whipping. Techniques: There are several variations of this whipping: .
use a needle to pull this chain through the rope. the short end must be left outside the whipping turns and then threaded up outside the whipping and through the rope to trap the long end. it is sensible.g. aramid core such as Kevlar. Number of Frapping Turns: Many texts describe this whipping with just one frapping strand lying in each groove ‐ which necessitates a different start to the whipping. the frapping turns should be distributed evenly round the rope. it is still worth doing as it still seals the sheath. For ropes that do not melt. three sets are strongly recommended. e. In braided rope the principle is the same. whipped with a Sailmaker's and trimmed is a neat and attractive work of art. provides additional protection. in smaller braided ropes. Completing the Whipping: The animation describes finishing the knot with a chain of square knots. it is not uncommon to see just two sets of frapping turns 180 degrees apart instead of three sets 120 degrees apart. and is recommended. When using a single frapping turn. Braided Rope: It is relatively easy to decide where to thread the twine in three stranded rope ‐ the gap between each of the three strands provides a natural target and the three strands dictate that one pair of frapping turns will lie in each groove. The knots are then buried and very unlikely to shake loose. a large needle makes the task easier and is essential equipment when tying a Sailmaker's Whipping round a braided or kernmantle rope. and more valuable rope.. Ideally. However. this whipping can often be tied without a needle: the strands of the rope can be opened up by hand to pass the twine through between them. Burning the end: A rope's end. the short end is initially threaded diagonally and is wound inside the whipping. For larger. . However. As shown in the animation. trim the aramid core shorter than the sheath and burn the sheath to cover and bury the core. If necessary. Needles: With three‐stranded rope. Although melting the end diminishes its beauty.
Shear Lashing A Shear Lashing is used to hold two poles together at one end so that the other ends can be spread apart to act as shear legs. Wrap both poles with a simple lashing. Spead the poles to make shear legs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Shear Legs Shear Lashing Details Use: The Shear Lashing (ABOK # 2108 ‐ 2110.) is used to lash the ends of two poles together. . Wrap the lashing with a two or three tight frapping turns. p 342. Shear Lashing Technique Tie a clove hitch around one pole. The other ends are separated to make a pair of Shear Legs. Tie off the end with a clove hitch.
There seems to be little agreement and some writers use both on the same page. These turns are known as Frapping Turns. A single pair can be controlled with a rope as they lean over a stream to lift a bucket. It is sometimes necessary to spread the legs apart to open up the poles to make it possible. stand on the pole. Various techniques are recommended. Tying it: The two poles are laid side‐by‐side and an initial Clove Hitch is tied round one pole. Frapping Turns: The turns surrounding the lashing at right angles exert a tightening effect on the lashing. Then two or three Frapping turns are tied binding the lashing turns tightly. A series of them can support an aerial walkway. . The other ends of the poles are then separated to make a pair of Shear Legs. bend your knees. but I'm indebted to Dana Holgate for the following: wrap the rope around a stick. The Lashing is completed with another Clove Hitch. hold the stick across your thighs and then pull by straightening your legs. Starting these turns can be awkward.Spelling: This Lashing is widely spelled both "Shear" and "Sheer". Pulling them as tight as possible makes the Lashing more secure. A Round Lashing is then tied around the two poles near one end. Use: Shear legs support weight. "Shear" was selected here because it was Ashley's choice.
" Failure Under Load: Some modern synthetic materials tend to be flexible and slippery. drop it over the adjacent bight.should be seized or otherwise secured to make them safe unless the need is very temporary.. Apply the load carefully.. p 210) but cautioned that they ".. This is a piece of three strand nylon rope and this failure was reproduced easily and repeatedly. Ashley described Sheepshanks (ABOK # 1152 ‐ 1154. Form a Half Hitch in one standing end.... and then tighten it too. . It is only included here because Boy Scouts used to be required to learn it.. The illustration on the left shows a correctly tied sheepshank failing under modest load.. Form a Half Hitch in the other standing end. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Sheepshank Knot Details Avoid Using It: The Sheepshank should never be used. Sheepshank The Sheepshank is a knot which can be used to shorten a length of rope. Sheepshank Knot Tying Fold the rope to approximately the desired new length. It is not reliable when tied in some modern ropes and is only included here as Scouts are still sometimes expected to learn how to tie it. and tighten it. drop it over its adjacent bight.
com/sheepshank/index. http://www. there are no applications where the Sheepshank would offer an acceptable solution.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. and boating.com . shortening one end and re‐securing the line would be preferable. animatedknots. Substitution: One suggested use for the Sheepshank is the protection of a damaged or weakened piece of rope.Eliminate It: If you are asked to learn to tie the Sheepshank.animatedknots. the Sheepshank would be almost impossible to tie under load. search and rescue. please request your Troop Leader to eliminate this knot and replace it with something safe and useful. Bellringer's Knot: Bellringer's use just one end of a Sheepshank (right) to keep the tail of the rope off the ground when not being used. it cannot pass through blocks or sheaves. A more secure alternative is the Alpine Butterfly Loop. As a knot. For example.jpg&Website=www. In the critical environments presented by climbing. Practical Limitations: In practice. the Alpine Butterfly Loop is an excellent way of creating a loop in the middle of a length of rope and can also be safely used to shorten a rope.
The thicker rope must be used for the simple bight as shown. It has to be tied with both ends loose in your hands with no load on the ropes. p 262) is recommended for joining two ropes of unequal size. Pass the thinner rope (red) through the loop and behind the (blue) tail and standing ends in that order. it attaches a rope to a Becket (a rope handle or an eye). Becket Hitch: The Becket Hitch is a very similar knot. In the picture above the Blue Rope would be Becket and the Red Rope would be tied to it with a Becket Hitch. However. It is recommended when there is a great difference in the diameters of the two ropes. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Double Sheet Bend Sheet Bend Details Uses: The Sheet Bend (ABOK # 1431. Finally. Sheet Bend Tying Form a loop in the thicker rope (blue) and hold it in one hand. It works equally well if the ropes are of the same size. Sheet Bend (Becket Bend) The Sheet Bend joins two ropes of unequal size but also works well if the ropes are of the same size. The Sheet Bend would replace the Square (Reef) knot except for the awkward fact that it . The Double Sheet Bend uses a second turn around the thicker rope. it is a "Hitch": it does not join two ropes. tuck the smaller rope under itself to finish the knot.
a nimatedknots. http://www. The alternative version ‐ with the tails on opposite sides ‐ is less reliable.com .jpg&Website=www.com/sheetbend/index. or parcel.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Double Sheet Bend: When the ropes are markedly different in size.is not a binding knot – it has to be tied with both ends loose in your hands with no load on the ropes (The Square Knot ‐ with all its faults ‐ can be tied tight against a sail. the tail of the smaller rope can be taken twice round the bight in the larger rope to create the double sheet bend.animatedknots. and usually stays tight while the second Half Hitch is tied). Structure: When correctly tied the two tails lie on the same side of the knot.
and then another. Push the ends into each other and tape the middle. Remove the tapes. Short Splice The Short Splice makes a secure join between two pieces of three strand rope. Repeat this using the other end. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Short Splice Tying Tape the rope. tighten. Make the first complete set of tucks. and complete the remaining tucks. Unravel enough for about 5 tucks (3 shown here).
Pros and Cons: The Short Splice makes a secure join between two lengths of three‐strand rope. Natural fibers hold well with three tucks each side. however. The Long Splice required a long overlap in which strands were carefully unraveled and re‐laid with a strand from the other rope. Modern synthetic materials. This is entirely satisfactory for some purposes. In nylon rope I have never attempted it – too slippery and too difficult to control. tend to be slippery and. p 427). making a longer towrope or dinghy painter. Then. now. e. the two strands in each pair were tapered and carefully wrapped round each other. Long Splice: The Short Splice is named in contrast to the so‐called Long Splice – which joined two three‐strand ropes with no appreciable bulge and would pass through blocks. However..g. it is useless for any running rigging because the splice will be too fat to pass through any blocks. .13 14 15 Short Splice Details Short Splce: Ashley describes the Short Splice and its variants in detail (ABOK # 2634. a minimum of five complete "tucks" is recommended. In tarred hemp it was feasible – but produced at best a weak result.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Attach the other end of the rope to this rod. Pass the rod from one end through all the loops. Rotate each rod to make a larger twisted loop. It is made by raising loops in alternate strands in a three stranded rope. Grog's Sliding Splice Tying Use a rod with a tapered end to open up alternate strands. Pull the rope through the loops to complete the knot. Sliding Splice by Grog The Sliding Splice makes an adjustable splice suitable for making a yachtsman's belt. Replace this rod with six separate rods.
This enables the rope to be worked until the loops are all symmetrical and the rope is restored to its normal shape. Other Uses: One of the reasons for describing this splice was to discover other uses for it. After six months of displaying it. My files no longer record which journal or which issue. Additional clips and shackles can be added to attach knife lanyards etc. The original belt is still in good condition 46 years later. The short rods are then replaced with one longer rod. I finally found one. The belt is constructed using an Eye Splice at one end and a sliding splice at the other end. the rope follows it through the loops. at least one person read the article. The long rod is then taped to the end of the rope so that as the rod is withdrawn. History: I first described the sliding splice in a British yachting magazine around 1960. a woman noticed my belt and said: "you must have read the same article that I did!" So. as is the original photograph which was submitted for publication (right). temporary taping suffices on the other end while the sliding splice is being made. Both ends are secured: a whipping looks best on the sliding splice end. an eye splice can be added to attach the snap shackle.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Sliding Splice Details Uses: The Sliding Splice provides a neat method of creating an adjustable yachtsman's belt. Six alternating strands are opened up using pencils or pieces of doweling rod. It . Charlie Pfeiffer wrote: "I used the sliding splice when pulling wire as an electrician. A snap shackle fastens the two ends. When completed. Further working and stretching makes the splice grip the rope. About twenty years after publishing the description. Each rod is rotated until a loop is formed to the side of the rope. Tying it: The adjustable splice is made in three‐stranded rope.
is an easy way to quickly put a loop on the end of a piece of rope without creating a big knot that would make pulling difficult." .
Tuck the bight through the loop and tighten. To release the slip knot. This page also provides a link to the Noose to help compare these two similar knots. Slip Knot The Slip Knot provides a temporary loop in the end of a rope ‐ which loosens when pulled. Slip Knot Release . The knot can be used as temporary stopper knot. Prepare a bight in the short end. just pull on the short end to let the rope run free. Slip Knot Tying Form a loop in the end of the rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Then Pull End To Compare: Noose.
Slipped Half Hitch. Theoretically. Bowline on a Bight and various fishing knots that can be slid to tighten. the generic misuse of the name Slip Knots is deplored.jpg&Website=www. a Buntline Hitch. With some tightly loaded knots. such knots also have well known other names.Slip Knot Details Uses: The slip knot (ABOK # 529. It is one of the most frequently tied knots ‐ being used in knitting as the first loop when casting on – where it is called a slip knot but frequently tied as a noose. such knots do NOT function as Slip Knots.animatedk nots. Slipped Knots: Many knots can be completed with a bight instead of the end. it can be difficult to release and almost impossible to pull the final curve of the bight itself out of the tightened turn.animatedknots. A knot tied this way is described as slipped. e.com/slip/index. Confusion: Some writers apply the term "Slip Knot" to other knots ‐ where any loop slides along the standing end. Because they tighten under load. the knot can then be quickly untied by pulling on the free end to release the bight.g. It can be used as a temporary stopper knot ‐ as shown in the animation.com . Slipped Buntline Hitch.g. http://www.. they actually function as nooses. this depends on how much load has reached the bight.. Moreover. On this website Slip Knot is reserved for this one knot.. However. e.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog. For this reason. e. p 87) is identical in structure to the Noose Knot except that the bight to be inserted is formed from the short end – not the long.g. a Slipped Rolling Hitch. In practice.
Shrink the loop by pulling on the standing end. but it is still widely used today. Grip the eye and both parts of the line. or tippet. Lubricate and pull both ends to tighten the knot and trim the end. Snell Knot Tying Pass the end of the leader through the eye and then through again in the same direction. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Snell Knot Details Uses: The Snell Knot allows the leader. It aligns the fishing line or leader with the shank of the hook. to be directly tied to a baited hook. Wrap the loop around the shank of the hook 7 or 8 times. It was originally developed for use with hooks that had no eyes. directly to a baited hook. or tippet. Snell Knot The Snell Knot ties a leader. . It was originally invented for use with eyeless hooks but it is still widely used today.
animatedknots. When tightening the knot. http://www.jpg&Website=www.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. Advantages: The Snell Knot is one of the older knots and is claimed to provide a reliable connection that preserves the strength of the line – particularly if the thickness of the eye is greater than the line diameter.com . hold the turns under your fingers to ensure they snug down neatly.Tying it: The Snell knot requires wrapping a loop around the hook.com/snell/index.animate dknots.
Cross them a second time (red over blue again) and pull the ends tight to form the Square Knot. or Reef. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Square Extra half knot Surgical Knot .. The "Granny" Knot is a common mistake – the second half knot has been tied with the red rope crossing "under" the blue This knot tends to slip and its use should be avoided. The tails lie on opposite sides of the knot. The "Thief" Knot is included here for interest. Never use it for human or other critical loads ‐ it may spill into two Half Hitches and then slip. The Surgical Knot makes a more secure first half knot because it employs an additional crossing. It is fequently tied wrongly as a “Granny Knot”. The story sounds improbable because the Thief Knot is awkward to tie and it doesn't hold. Square Knot (Reef) The Square. Knot joins equal sized ropes. The knot is routinely employed during surgery and also underlies several fishing and climbing knots.g. e. For greater security add extra half knots. sail covers or a parcel. Square Knot (Reef Knot) Tying Take two ropes and cross them (red over blue) to form a half knot. Sailors were said to use the thief knot so that they could recognize when a thief had been tampering with their bags.
Uses: Nevertheless. tied in the right material against a curved surface.com/reef/index. It slips. Admittedly it is usually a bow that we tie ‐ but the underlying knot is a Square (Reef) Knot. and you can tie the laces on your shoes (if they still come with laces). you can tie the string on a gift. http://www. e. More importantly. and it is all too easy to tie a granny instead which behaves even less well. the experience of tying a Square Knot teaches the fundamental process of tying a Half Knot or Half Hitch.. When the second Half Surgeon's Knots is tied as a bow. The Square (Reef) knot can also be tied using bights (loops).jpg&Website=www.g. Granny Thief Square Knot (Reef Knot) Details First Knot: The Square (Reef) Knot (ABOK # 1402. the first Half Knot may bind – but it cannot be trusted. you can tie a sail cover over a sail.animatedknots. Never use it for critical loads. A better alternative may be to use two Surgeon's Half Knots. It is also one of the many knots used in macrame. Purpose: It is intended to be a binding knot and. We also learn just how unsatisfactory the knot is. it jams.php?Categ=basics&LogoImage=LogoGrog. That is why surgeons use an extra turn in the first Half Knot – to achieve the binding required while they prepare the second Half Knot. For example. Caution: Click on the picture on the left to demonstrate how even a "Stack" of Square Knots capsize and pull undone. This means the final "bow" cannot be untied by pulling the ends ‐ but it makes a secure knot." (ABOK page 258). which make better binding knots for each stage and a secure final knot.animated knots. the Square (Reef) knot has many uses but not where safety is critical. the knot can be tied with loops from the start. Variations: When the Square (Reef) Knot is used it is common to add additional Half Knots as security ‐ a tribute to how unsatisfactory a knot it is. it makes a Secure Shoelace Bow.com . "There have probably been more lives lost as a result of using a Square Knot as a bend (to tie two ropes together) than from the failure of any other half dozen knots combined. it comes undone. to use up long shoelaces. These photographs were created by pulling on the ends of the red rope. p 258) is usually learned when we tie the laces on our first pair of shoes.
Twist short end around long and wrap the rope around both poles. Square Lashing A Square Lashing is used to hold two poles at a 90‐degree angle to one another. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . alternately going over and under each pole about three or four turns. Tighten the lashing by surrounding it with three or four frapping turns. Square Lashing Technique Start with a Clove Hitch around one pole. Finish with a final Clove Hitch.
. Frapping Turns: The turns surrounding the lashing at right angles exert a tightening effect on the lashing. Pulling them as tight as possible makes the Lashing more secure. a fence can be constructed by driving poles into the ground and then joining them with bars attached with Square Lashings. p 343. bend your knees. but I'm indebted to Dana Holgate for the following: wrap the rope around a stick. hold the stick across your thighs and then pull by straightening your legs.) is used to bind together two spars that are at right angles with one another. Scouting: Square lashings can be used to make a rectangular frame (right). Square lashings are designed to be load bearing and can be used to create scaffolding. Various techniques are recommended. when two trees are close enough. a table can be supported by a pair of poles or branches lashed horizontally either side of the trees. stand on the pole. These turns are known as Frapping Turns. Many applications have been described including: making support frames.13 14 15 16 17 18 Square Lashing Details Use: The Square Lashing (ABOK # 2114. and a raft can be created by lashing bamboo poles across each other.
Use both lines to form a loop with enough overlap to tie a double overhand knot. It is actually tied as a Double Overhand Knot ‐ which probably explains why it is sometimes known as the Double Surgeon's Knot ‐ redundant because "Surgeon's" implies the use of the two turns. Pull both ends through the loop and then through a second time. or Surgeon's Join.. when attaching a tippet to a leader. . is easy to tie and is useful to join two lines of moderately unequal size. a tippet to a leader. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Surgeon's Knot Details Uses: The Surgeon's Knot. Surgeon's Knot The Surgeon's Knot joins two fishing lines of moderately unequal size. Surgeon's Knot Tying Place the leader and the tippet side by side. Trim the ends.g.g. e. Lubricate the knot and pull it tight. e..
After forming the knot. http://www. animatedknots. Advantages: The Surgeon's Knot is one of the easiest knots to learn and is an excellent knot to join two lines of moderately unequal size. carefully set the knot by pulling on all four ends.com . It is usually used to join two pieces of monofilament.animatedknots. Tying it: The Surgeon's Knot can only be tied with a tippet because the usual method of tying it requires the entire length of the tippet to be passed through the overhand knot twice.The Surgeon's Knot allows you.jpg&Website=www.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. the two lines can be passed through the overhand knot a third time to form the Triple Surgeon's knot.com/surgeonsjoin/index. with the same leader. Disadvantages: It is rather bulkier than the Blood Knot and creates a slight angle in the line. to select the size of tippet to suit the size of the fly. Alternative: As an option.
Surgeon's Loop Knot
The Surgeon's Loop is a quick and easy way to make a loop in the end of your line
Surgeon's Loop Knot Tying
Form a bight in the end of the line and tie an overhand knot. Pass the bight through a second time. Adjust the bight to create the desired loop size. Lubricate and pull the knot tight. Trim the end.
Surgeon's Loop Knot Details
Uses: The Surgeon's Loop is essentially a Double Overhand Knot. It can be tied quickly and easily in the end of a line. It is often used to make a "Loop to Loop" connection or to create a fixed loop that allows the artificial lure or fly to move naturally. Tying it: It is tied in the same way as the Surgeon's Knot. Alternative: An extra turn can be used to create a Triple Surgeon's Knot. However, this provides minimal additional benefit and makes the knot bulkier. Advantages: The advantage for this knot is that is reliable, easy to learn, and some sources claim that it retains a high proportion of the rated line strength.
The Tensionless Hitch secures a rope to a tree or pole by wrapping the rope enough times to ensure that there is no tension in the tail. This end is then finished with a Figure 8 loop and clipped to the standing end with a carabiner.
Tensionless Hitch Tying
Prepare sufficient rope to make 3 or 4 turns around the post. Make a Figure 8 Loop in the end and attach a carabiner. Wrap the rope around the post. Make sure there is sufficent slack and clip the carabiner to the standing end. A kink in the standing end is an error.
Tensionless Hitch Details
Uses: The Tensionless Hitch shares a critically important feature with the Round Turn and Two Half Hitches. It is used to gain secure control of a loaded line by wrapping the rope around a post or tree several times. This is the key to the safe handling of heavy loads. Similar Knot: Another similar knot is the Lighterman's – which starts with turns wrapped around a post and is completed with alternating turns enclosing the standing end. Of these two knots we prefer the Lighterman's because it exerts less rotational force on the post. Advantages: An exception might be a rope loaded to near breaking point because the Tensionless Hitch is claimed to preserve most of the ropes breaking strain. However, this knot is nearly always used to support critical loads, i.e.,
people. The required safety factor renders this advantage more theoretical than practical. More plainly, if you're that worried, choose a larger rope. Number of Turns: The diameter of the post or tree selected should be at least eight times the diameter of the rope. Descriptions of the Tensionless Hitch indicate that the number of turns used may be increased when the post is smooth and polished. Confusing language describes the number of turns. If a rope has made a single "wrap", it has been passed behind a post, and then knotted to itself; it has NOT made "one Round Turn". Two "wraps" for a climber is called "One Round Turn" in boating. In the animation above the rope wraps around the pole three times making "two round turns". Tying it: A Figure 8 Loop in the end is clipped to the standing end with no tension; hence the name "tensionless". The animation shows a carabiner completing this knot. However, the tail can also be secured directly to the standing end using Half Hitches or a Figure 8 Follow Through. Nomenclature: The name "Tensionless" has been deprecated. However, suggestions for some alternative, e.g., "High Strength Tie‐Off", or "Multi‐Wrap Anchor", have not gained favor – for the obvious reason that "Tensionless" is in widespread use.
The Timber Hitch provides a strong temporary attachment to cargo or to a log or spar and can be used to tow a log or spar either afloat or on land. A great merit is that when the load is released, the knot almost falls undone.
Timber Hitch Tying
Pass the end of the rope around the pole and then around the standing end. Wrap the end around itself three times and tighten the knot so that the three turns are gripped against the pole.
Timber Hitch Details
Uses: The Timber Hitch is described by (Ashley ABOK #1665, p 290) as much used for handling cargo "... for which it is very convenient, as it practically falls apart when pull ceases." It is also useful when towing a spar or log either afloat or on land. When used for this purpose, the Timber Hitch is often placed near the center of the spar and a separate Half Hitch is dropped over the end of the spar to act as a guide. Other Applications: The same hitch is known as a Bowyer's Knot because it attaches the end of the bow string on a longbow. It is also used to attach the strings on some stringed instruments including the ukelele and the guitar. http://www.animatedknots.com/timber/index.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www.anim atedknots.com
The Trilene Knot provides a strong and reliable knot to join monofilament line to hooks, swivels, and lures.
Trilene Knot Tying
Pass the tag end of the line through the eye twice. Wrap it around the standing end five or six times. Thread the end through the original loop beside the eye. Lubricate and pull the knot tight. Trim the end, but not too short.
Trilene Knot Details
Uses: The Trilene Knot is a strong and reliable knot to join monofilament line to hooks, swivels and lures. It resists slippage and failures and is an excellent and stronger alternative to the Clinch Knot. Tying it: When trimming the tag end, leave about an eighth of an inch for security. Advantages: The double wrap of line through the eye takes some of the strain and may be responsible for claims that this knot retains a high proportion of ideal line strength. This is more likely when the thickness of the eye is greater than the line diameter. http://www.animatedknots.com/trilene/index.php?Categ=fishing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.jpg&Website=www.animat edknots.com
A Tripod Lashing is used to join three poles to one another for use as a tripod.
Tripod Lashing Technique
Start with a Clove Hitch around one pole. Wrap about six racking turns around the three poles weaving in and out between them. Make two or three tight frapping turns in the two gaps. Finish with a Clove Hitch. Cross the two outside poles to form the tripod.
13 14 15 16 Form Tripod Tripod Lashing Details Use: Ashley shows a Tripod Lashing (ABOK # 2111. Racking Turns: The lashing passes to and fro between the poles. trial and error may be required to obtain the correct tension. p 342) but he shows the two side legs spreading apart from each other instead of crossing. This increases the contact between rope and wood and reduces slipping. Scouting: Four tripods can be used to support a pair of horizontal poles under a table. Frapping Turns: The turns surrounding the lashing at right angles exert a tightening effect on the lashing. and can even break it if tied too tightly. These turns are known as Frapping Turns. Options: Some descriptions start with the center pole extending in the opposite direction from the two side legs. In this respect the Tripod Lashing differs from other lashings: it is possible to make it too tight! On occasion. A lashing which is too tight or extends for too great a length may either prevent the tripod from being formed or may overload the rope. The method shown in the animation is preferred because the legs bind against each other for greater stability. . Forming the tripod then twists and tightens the lashing. Such turns are known as Racking turns.
Trucker's (Haymaker's. Haymaker's Hitch. p 344) has the distinctive feature of providing a mechanical advantage when being tightened. Trucker's Hitch (Lorry. Haymaker's. It provides a three to one purchase which makes it easier to tighten the rope and reduces the strain on the final knot. It is a valuable knot ‐ particularly for securing loads or tarpaulins. Harvester's) The Trucker's Hitch is used to secure a load or a tarpaulin down to a hook or other fixed point. Harvester's. Harvester's. and pull tight. Pass the tail round the hook below and through the Directional Figure 8 Loop. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Trucker's (Haymaker's. . Lorry) Hitch Tying Form a bight in the standing end and use it to tie a Directional Figure 8 Knot. Lorry) Hitch Details Use: The Trucker's Hitch (Lorry Knot. Harvester's Hitch) (ABOK # 2124. Complete the knot with two Half Hitches below the loop. The variety of names for this hitch is a tribute to its widespread use.
this tends to be hard to untie after heavy loads and the version in the animation is preferred. The common factors are: a knot to create an eye at the top. The other hand is then used to form the two Half Hitches. and.6:1. However. Several knots may be used at the top including the Directional Figure 8 (used in the animation. the load can be taken temporarily by pinching the rope where it passes through the loop. The final hitch can be a Rolling Hitch which has the advantage that it facilitates adjustment. Classical Structure: Early descriptions show a Figure 8 Loop used to form the initial loop. The theoretical 3:1 gain assumes that the lower attachment point is fixed and the upper point is being moved. http://www. hauling on the line can be surged and then the friction is an advantage as it helps hold the gain while the end is secured. the Alpine Butterfly. However. simplest of all. However.php?Categ=scouting&LogoImage=LogoGrog.com . rope is running over rope with considerable friction. a mere twist of the rope to create the loop. Structure: There are several variations in widespread use. the Bowline on a Bight. and a hitch to secure the end.jpg&Website=www.3:1 Purchase: The arrangement of line provides a theoretical 3:1 purchase. Whichever hitch is used. In practice the mechanical advantage is much less.ani matedknots. the three to one purchase.animatedknots. may be more like 1. the rope may be passed around the lower hook a second time before being secured.com/truckers/index. Taking the Strain: After the free end is threaded and tightened. the Slip Knot.
crafts. 2004 in Google Groups rec. the hitch should be carefully tightened. Tying it: The standing part remains passive while the knot is being tied.knots but he gave it no name. . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Release Tumble Hitch Details Origin: Dan Lehman described a variation on the Highwayman's Hitch at the end of his entry on March 6. Pass the tail around the Standing End. and then transfer his grip to the second and third bight in succession. named it the Tumble Hitch. Similar Knots: Many quick‐release hitches have been described. Tumble Hitch Tying Hold an initial bight of the rope against the pole. The user can hold up the first bight. Of the three. Tighten to secure the knot and take the load. it is an excellent quick‐release hitch that holds a load until released by a pull on the free tail. Then tuck a bight through the second one. This is now the accepted name for Lehman's idea. and now shows it on his website Notable Knots. the Tumble Hitch is the best. Pull the tail to release. Tumble Hitch This Tumble Hitch is is a quick‐release knot. Like a Slipped Buntline. Place a second bight behind the pole and through the initial bight. When complete. The Highwayman's and Mooring are also described here. Roo replied. created drawings.
Other Uses: The Tumble Hitch is suitable for temporary. the final bight can be lengthened and tied off as an overhand knot around the standing end. a dinghy may be temporarily secured alongside a high dock.Real Danger: Quick release hitches share a major fault: entanglement of the free tail with the moving load can trigger abrupt release. The Tumble Hitch can be used to lower several loads of provisions into the dinghy. supervised use to hold non‐critical loads. . Quick release knots should not be used for retrieving a climbing rope because there are recommended alternatives: 1. Or. the tail of the dinghy painter can be pulled to retrieve it. 4.. Advantages: The Tumble Hitch is stable and jam‐proof even with heavy loads. The jam‐proof benefits are retained and the overhand knot can be untied when the quick‐release feature is required. might grab at the adjacent line and trigger a fatal fall. Longer use: To use the Tumble Hitch for longer periods. Then. while boarding a kayak. A climber. when the owner has climbed down the ladder and is safely aboard. This limits the load on the locking bight and avoids jamming. frightened by a sudden slip or jerk. The design of the hitch transfers the load first to an intermediate bight and then to the final locking bight.g. 3. 2. e.
Rotate the braid to keep it in view and continue braiding. Then continue braiding by following the rope around the same path for all three turns. for a boy scout's scarf. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . On the third pass. or woggle. Turk's Head (Woggle) The Turk's Head makes a neat ring ‐ most commonly employed as a slide. Finish by tucking the ends in. braid the end and the loops together. Turk's Head (Woggle) Tying Wrap the line around your hand (wood here) overlapping to start the braiding. Finished.
p 232) is widely used as a slide.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Turk's Head (Woggle) Details Uses: The Turk's Head (ABOK # 1303 ‐ 5. or woggle. if made of a leather thong. most modern rope slides easily and the woggle may slip undone. nor the recently heated rope end should come into contact with your skin! . Neither molten nylon. Variations: There are many variations on the simple Turk's head. Finishing: Traditionally scout woggles were not secured. the braiding was performed round a piece of wood and the work was rotated as the braiding advanced. more than one strand can be used. With a large enough loop. WARNING: Molten nylon is dangerously hot. many more braids can be created before making the end follow the lead of the first round of braiding. for starting a fire using friction. for scout's scarves. it is possible to fuse the ends after warming them using a candle. For the demonstration here. the woggle could be undone for use around the camp or. However. As modern rope also melts. and the number of times the end follows the lead can be varied. Tying it: The Turk's Head is usually tied around the hand. Supposedly.
. With a longer length. this process can be repeated many times until the end of the loop is reached.Demonstration: The process of braiding using a single end is readily understood by practicing with a short length as shown on the left.
jpg&Website=www. It provides a permanent (small) stopper knot in a rope.com . Its greater use is as a component of other decorative knots such as the Wall and Crown (Manrope Knot) and the Double Matthew Walker. The crown directs the strands back down the rope and the wall directs the strands away from the rope. They only differ in how they are tied with respect to the rope. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Wall Knot Details Uses: The Wall Knot is tied using the strands of a rope. Repeat the same process with the second and again with the third which will exit through the first strand. Wall Knot Tying Unwind enough rope to form the knot and re‐lay the rope. Wall Knot The Wall creates a small stopper knot tied using the strands of the rope. Relationship to the Crown: The Crown and the Wall are very closely related. They are in fact identical.animatedknots. http://www. Pass one strand around in the direction of the rope's lay and under the next strand. It is component of the Matthew Walker and the Manrope Knot. Tighten the knot and re‐lay the rope.php?Categ=decorative&LogoImage=LogoGrog.anim atedknots. with no "end" to determine the "direction" there is no way to distinguish a Wall from a Crown.com/wall/index.
Then take each strand across its neighbor to make a Crown. Carefully tighten each stand in turn to achieve a neat appearance. Wall. Here the strands of the rope are used to tie a Wall followed by a Crown to make a ball on the rope's end. Tuck each strand round so that it follows itself. and Manrope Knot The Wall and the Crown are essential components of many decorative knots. Crown. Wall and Crown (Manrope Knot) Tying Unravel the strands of the rope and tie a Wall knot. Trim the ends. 1 2 23 4 5 6 7 8 9 Wall and Crown (Manrope Knot) Details 10 .
and # 847. By contrast a crown directs the ends back in a convenient position to make a Backsplice. make a pleasing ball or button on the end of a rope. p 117. The name "Manrope Knot" is a later name for a "Double Wall and Crown". Difference: The important difference is that a wall leaves the ends continuing on so that they may be laid up again to continue the rope. Many variations are described: the Crown may precede the Wall. They are identical except for the direction of the main rope. Structure: In both the Crown and the Wall. . a wall in one end would be identical to a crown in the other. Finishing the Ball. In this animation the ends have been cut short and heated to prevent them fraying. and the ends can be spliced back into the rope. The crown and wall are fundamental components of many decorative knots. p156). each strand is tucked under its neighbor. If two rope ends faced each other. when followed round. the number of turns may be varied.Uses: The Wall and Crown (ABOK # 672.
Pull the knot tight. p 50) is essentially tied as an overhand knot (below left). Water Knot (Ring Bend) Tying Tie a loose overhand knot in the end of the strap. Thread the other strap in the reverse direction following the exact path of the first overhand knot. Water Knot The Water Knot is used to join two pieces of webbing strapping. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Water Knot (Ring Bend) Tying Details Structure: The Water Knot (ABOK # 296. The wide area of contact between the two straps ensures a secure knot. It is sometimes known as a Ring Bend .
Uses: In climbing it is used to join two pieces of webbing strapping.com .The second strap (or rope) passes along the course of the Overhand Knot in the reverse direction. Caution: The Water Knot has been reported to slip a little after cyclical low loading using some types of webbing. the commonly used 1" tubular nylon webbing resisted slipping under both high and low loading conditions.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog.animatedknots. It is prudent to leave long tails with stopper knots in them and also inspect the Water Knot to check it has not slipped significantly. Also see Study by Tom Moyer. The knot should be arranged neatly and pulled tight.com/waterknot/index. However.jpg&Website=www. http://www.a nimatedknots.
Pull them through the rope and trim the ends. West Country Whipping The West Country Whipping is easy to teach & learn. Overhand knots are tied back and front of the rope. West Country Whipping Tying Pass the twine round the rope and tie a Half Knot. Repeat behind the rope and tie another. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . Finish with several Square (Reef) knots. Continue making Half Knots in front and behind until the length of the whipping equals about the diameter of the rope. The whipping is completed with a Reef Knot.
an opportunity is presented to procrastinate: tie another Square Knot and put off having to whip the end properly with a better whipping. However. Start with a Constrictor: A quick way to start the West Country is to drop a Constrictor Knot on the end before tying Half Knots.13 14 15 16 West Country Whipping Details Uses: The West Country Whipping (ABOK # 3458. A heavily used rope will shake this Square Knot loose. an advantage in starting at the end and winding the twine inwards: when the whipping is completed. as each one loosens. If a needle is available it is worth burying the ends by pulling them through the rope. it does fail slowly ‐ the Half Knots work their way loose in succession and. Techniques: There are several variations of this whipping: Where to Start: When whipping a rope's end it seems natural to wind the twine outwards towards the end. This has the advantage of quickly gaining very secure control of the rope's end. Square (Reef Knot): The classic description completes this whipping with a Square Knot with the ends trimmed. Multiple Square (Reef) Knots The West Country can be completed with a stack of Square Knots but this leaves an unsightly tail. If a needle is available. this string of Square Knots can be pulled through the rope to bury it. the ends can be pulled through the body of the rope to prevent them unraveling. however. p 548) must be the easiest whipping to teach and learn ‐ merely a series of Half Knots completed with a Square (Reef) Knot! No equipment is required except the whipping twine and it secures the end of a rope fairly well. It also leaves a fairly reliable last defense if the whipping comes undone. . There is. The final Square Knot can shake loose followed by each Half Knot.
Doubt has now been cast on both the use and the authorship. Editor of Airship Heritage Trust's Journal Dirigible reported the following in Issue No. (2) in later life Rosendahl claimed . It joins two ropes of roughly the same size. It is an excellent alternative to the more widely used Double Fisherman's because it eliminates the risk of jamming. while still under load. Back view. History: The Zeppelin Bend has been described as used to secure Airships. 60. Giles Camplin. however. It is a reliable bend that can be untied even after being heavily loaded but not. Zeppelin Bend Tying Form a bight in both ropes and overlap them. Thread both ends past each other through the middle. Tighten to form the Zeppelin Bend. was supposed to have insisted that the knot be used to moor his airship. Commanding Officer of the American Zeppelin (Los Angeles/ZR3). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Back view Zeppelin Bend Details Uses: The Zeppelin Bend is one of the bends employing interlocking overhand knots. Summer 2010: (1) the docking procedure typically employed shackling two wires together. Vice Admiral Charles Rosendahl. Zeppelin Bend The Zeppelin Bend is one of a family of knots based on interlocking overhand knots. Pass each end around across itself ‐ going over for the top bight and under for the bottom bight.
Tying it: The arrangement of the interlocking loops and the path of the ends through the center are critical. In this respect he regards it as superior to the Alpine Butterfly Bend. Although the Zeppelin is secure and can be untied easily.ignorance of the knot. Delaney tested these bends and the Carrick Bend for their tendency to jam. Similar Knots: The Zeppelin Bend is remarkably similar to several other bends including the Ashley. Essentially all these knots employ interlocking overhand knots with the ends threaded through or across the middle. its similarity to other bends employing interlocking overhand knots risks confusion ‐ and mistakes. and (5) a rigger who flew on the R100 reported they always used a Rolling Hitch. He heavily loaded the knots tied in 1/16 inch braided nylon. Technique is critical because Roo emphasizes the risk of creating an Evil Impostor when tied incorrectly.php?Categ=climbing&LogoImage=LogoGrog. The Ashley and the Hunter's consistently jammed tight and would have had to be cut to release them. Amongst the family of bends based on linked overhand knots. After it is tied.ani matedknots.jpg&Website=www. The Alpine Butterfly Bend. it can be hard to distinguish it from the less satisfactory Hunter's Bend. it would seem prudent to avoid the Ashley and the Hunter's. (4) a bend joining two ropes would be an awkward way to moor anything. For this reason we also recommend the Alpine Butterfly Bend tied using the same technique employed for the Alpine Butterfly Loop. and the Carrick could all be untied easily using fingers and fingernails. Hunter's.com/zeppelin/index.animatedknots. the Zeppelin. Advantages: The Zeppelin Bend is reliable with very little tendency to slip or bind. http://www. (3) a Zeppelin knot cannot be untied under load.com . and the Alpine Butterfly Bend. David M. Disadvantages: Attention to tying it correctly is critical. Testing by Roo found the knot to be exceptionally secure and shake‐resistant in all materials.
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