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WCDMA Introduction and Overview
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WCDMA concept and Architecture Spreading and Scrambling Codes and Channels Code tree Rake Receiver Soft, Softer and Hard hand over Power control - fast and slow

WCDMA Drive test Overview using TEMS Investigation
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TEMS Parameter for WCDMA Optimization Tips for WCDMA WCDMA Tools for Drive Test 3G Voice Call Testing 3G Packet call & Video call testing 3G Drive test KPI overview 3G Optimization overview

WCDMA Frequency and Spectrum ‡ Uplink=1920MHz -1980 MHz ‡ Downlink= 2110MHz -2170MHz ‡ Bandwidth=60 MHz Actual B.W assign to operator is 5MHz And out of that 3.84 MHZ is utilize. In WCDMA frequency reuse factor =1 because time and frequency remains constant.

‡ In WCDMA first following process is done before Reading BCCH frequency. Slot Synchronization Frame Synchronization Scrambling Code CPICH is pilot which will read BCCH information After Synchronization . In WCDMA following Channels use for various function in UL/DL. Downlink:Uplink:1.DL DPCH 1.UL DPDCH 2.DL CCPH 2. UL DPCCH 3. P-CCPH 3. UL CPCH 4. S-CCPH 4. UL PRACH 5. SCH 5. HS-DPCCH 6. PICH 7. CPICH (primary and secondary) 8. AICH

WCDMA Spreading process .

Process gain = 10 log (chip rate/bit rate) As bit rate increase process gain decrease . . it does not change the signal bandwidth but only makes the signal from different source separable from each other. Cell breathing is situation where cell foot print decrease due to large amount of user access the network beyond the capacity of that particular cell. Spreading factor=chip rate/symbol rate .This is used to increase the B. For Spreading OVSF code are used which is known as Orthogonal variable spreading factor code . Scrambling Scrambling is used on top of the spreading so .W of the signal beyond the bandwidth normally required to accommodate information.‡ Spreading:.

‡ Ec/No= Eb/No .10= -8 for voice(for voice -8 is good limit) ‡ Ec/N0= 4-18= -14 for video(for video -14 is good limit) ‡ Process gain(voice) = chip rate/bit rate= 10dB ‡ Process gain (video) = chip rate /bit rate= 18dB ‡ Chip rate = 3.process gain ‡ As per Eb/No is fixed for each service for Ex: voice =2 and video=4 ‡ Ec/N0= 2. .‡ Eb /NO= Bit energy/Noise energy ‡ Ec/No = Chip Energy /Noise Energy.84Mchips in WCDMA.

WCDMA codes .

Code tree .

Rake Receiver .

Soft Handoff .

Power Control types .

For Speech drive Test .

Mobile TX power Received signal strength indication Target Signal to interfere ratio Signal to interfere ratio Speech quality mean opinion square Dedicate channel GSM/WCDMA .

Speech quality SQI MOS Algorithm Downlink Dedicate channel BLER% .

Currently serving Cell Measured neighbor.Active Set.Undefined strong detected server UARFCN DL.UMTS Absolute radio frequency channel number .Defined Neighbor Detected Neighbor.

CPICH RSCP .95 kbit/s: 28 dBQ 7. 3.-15 dBm to -140 dBm for each rake finger.2 Kbit/s: 28 dBQ 7.2 Kbit/s: 30 dBQ 10. UTRA Carrier RSSI .Ranges for Radio Parameter ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ 1.0 to -34 dB. SQI .Ms TX power -44 dBm to 60 dBm 4. CPICH EC/No.70 kbit/s: 27 dBQ 5.75 kbit/s: 19 dBQ .40 kbit/s: 27 dBQ 6.-20 dBm to -140 dBm for each rake finger. 2. SQI MOS .90 kbit/s: 24 dBQ 5.15 kbit/s: 21 dBQ 4.1 to 5 6. SIR . 5.-30 t0 20 db (signal interfere ratio measured on DPCCH ) 12.-20dBQ to 30 dBQ 7 .

Between -5 to -10 Soft Handoff 35% of total time .Drive Test KPI ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ParameterRSSI In Between -75 to -85 dbm RSCP In Between -75 to -85 dbm Ec /Io In Between -8 to -10 db FER 1% or 2% Ms TX Power .

To Check Neighbour Relation.Coverage wholes ‡ Ec /No.Use full Plots ‡ Server Plot Useful to find out Swap or Overshooting. ‡ RSCP Plot. ‡ UE Plot .for good Throughput and removing pilot pollution. ‡ 4th best Server Echno should be > -10db ‡ 5th best Server Echno should be > -10db .

Condition for Radio Environment ‡ Pilot Pollution RSCP >= -85dBm & Ec /Io =< -10 dB Coverage Limited RSCP <= -85dBm & Ec /Io => -10 dB Poor Radio ConditionRSCP <= -85dBm & Ec /Io =< -10 dB Good Coverage RSCP >= -85dBm & Ec /Io => -10 dB .

It is important for the optimization engineer prior to any field test to check with product support engineer regarding any alarms especially intermittent alarms. ‡ Parameter Check ± The optimization engineer need to ensure the radio part parameters configuration list has been achieved. ± Alarm Check ± Cell Status Check ± Parameter Check ‡ Alarm Check / Cell Status Check ± The product support engineer will be responsible for checking and resolving all the alarms. In the list the radio part parameters includes: the scrambling code.3G voice call testing SCFT-Single Cell Functional Test ‡ Before the single site verification. power setting. we should only ensure the following conditions have been met. . handover parameter etc. neighbor cell list.

CPICH Ec/Io. Voice (MT & MO). PS Attach & Detach.3G voice call testing ‡ Site Verification Items: ± Installations: CPICH RSCP. PS service. Rx Antenna Swap Test ± Settings: Frequency & SC. Voice 3G>2G handover . Voice/VP/PS soft handover. ± Functions: LA/RA update. VP (MT & MO). SMS (MT & MO). LAC/RAC. Neighbor List. 3G<->2G Cell reselection. Cell reselection parameters.

one for the terminating call and another one for the originating call.Testing On CELL site ± Items: Voice Call (MT & MO) ± Purpose: Verify the voice call function is normal and the voice call quality is good ± Method: Make the dialing test of 3G voice service between two 3G mobiles. one for the terminating call and another one for the originating call. Test the voice communication quality ± Items: Voice Call (MT & MO) ± Purpose: Verify the voice call function is normal and the voice call quality is good ± Method: Make the dialing test of 3G voice service between two 3G mobiles. Test the voice communication quality .

Feeder Connection Check Test Process Items: Antenna swapping test Purpose: Verify the Rx feeder installation is right. If no change happened. check the RSCP changed or not. it means that the feeder is correct. Method: Switch the transmitter from one feeder to another. Notes: Check the RSCP from scanner .

following problems have been found ± Scrambling Code Setting is wrong: The scrambling code from scanner and mobile is different from the planning ± After feeder swapped. . In this case. the CPICH RSCP will be high in the coverage area of the other antenna. the CPICH RSCP is 20dB lower than before: ± The RX feeder is crossed to the antenna of another sector. Check the connection between the feeder and the antenna. ‡ After feeder swapped. the CPICH RSCP is 20dB lower than before.Problem and Solution ‡ In the site verification. maybe the TX/RX feeder is crossed to the another sector. ‡ Scrambling Code Setting is wrong ± The Scrambling Code may be wrong in RNC. check the datasheet in RNC. ± If the Scrambling Code from scanner is the same as that of another sector in same site planned.

DATA drive window .

Data Drive Parameter with low through. put Channel quality index Modulation technique As 64 QAM is utilized so less HSDPA throughput is less. .

Case-2 with high throughput In this case 16 QAM is used 100% and Throughput is high .

‡ For high through put 16QAM and 64QAM should be utilized high Utilization ‡ So.64QAM. if There is less Utilization of QPSK in downlink than data throughput is also high ‡ CQI is like SQI in speech which ensure good channel quality for data transfer.16QAM.2 Kbits speed can be achieved.DSCH(High-Speed Downlink Shared Channel) packet is high than also throughput is decreases.2Mbits speed can be achieved ‡ In case of moving Vehicle 800kbits to 1. ‡ In case of stationary Data Test.Data Drive ‡ There is 3 modulation technique QPSK. . ‡ Retransmission of HS. ‡ Application throughput is always 85% of physical layer data rate throughput because at application level IP inclusion and overhead information will be there. ‡ Latency time is round trip time from server and for 3G it should be 150 ms for 32 bit data .

Channel quality information may include carrier level received signal strength indication (RSSI) and bit error rate (BER). ‡ CQI.10 and 15 codes resp. QPSK typically offers up to 1. ‡ Data Throughput will be also depend on MS class which support 5. but in good radio conditions 16QAM and 64QAM can significantly increase data throughput rates. With 5 Code allocation. The initial scheme is Quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK).g. Additional codes (e.6. base station) with channel quality information .g.8 Mbit/s peak data rates. 10. I ‡ Channel quality indicators are messages that are sent on a communication system (such as a mobile communication system) that provide the remote connection (e. 15) can also be used to improve these data rates or extend the network capacity throughput significantly.‡ The modulation scheme and coding is changed on a per-user basis depending on signal quality and cell usage. while 16QAM offers up to 3.

Drive Test tool for drive ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Sony Ericsson C702 (capable of Scanning) Sony Ericsson Z750i (capable of Scanning) PCTel SeeGull LX WCDMA 2100 PCTel SeeGull LX Plus WCDMA 2100 Global Sat BU-353 (NMEA-0183) ‡ Garmin 10 Mobile Bluetooth (NMEA-0183) .

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