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RTWP Problem Analysis and Solution

Summary

High RTWP will cause low performance in CSSR and CCSR. Currently the background noise is -106dBm, if the RTWP is higher than -95dBm then the load factor will more than 90%, CAC will be overload congestion status.

To troubleshooting a high RTWP issue, please refer the procedure as below.

Analysis procedure
Check Alarm
1.1 Check the hardware alarm. Like RF Module Rx Branch RTWP Difference Too High Alarm etc. 1.2 Check whether VSWR alarm exists. Command: DSP VSWR If have alarm or high VSWR (more then 11), first escalate to BSS team, then assistant them to check whether it is hardware problem or interference.

2013-1-10

华为机密,未经许可不得扩散

第 1 页, 共 4 页

in busy hour or always…. (Without TMA) 1. Command to shut off the transmit power: SET TXSW Check the interference feature 1. The default value is 0.文档名称 文档密级: Check NodeB configuration in NodeB LMT 1.3 Check uplink RF sensitivity Command: DSP RFDESPARAM and DSP DESENS Usually the value of these two parameters should be 0. trace 24hours in one day and save the result to txt format and make chart to show the primary and secondary RTWP trend in one day. fallback to 0 to check whether RTWP can restore normal. Trace the RTWP in NodeB LMT.4 Check Uplink Attenuation Value Command: LST RXATTEN This configuration will affect the RX gain. need BSS team check the feeder connection (primary feeder). need collect the information as below:  Whether 2nd carrier is implemented or not? 2013-1-10 华为机密,未经许可不得扩散 第 2 页. and if TMA is used then we should configure it as per TMA gain. If TMA is not used. whether external or internal interference? 1.6 Check the RTWP trend Check the RTWP counter VS. For indoor site. it may be caused by this case. if it is not 0.MeanRTWP. we can know the interference feature: What time the interference happens. we can suspect that it may caused by feeder joint problem.MaxRTWP.5 Check the intermodulation interference If primary RTWP is very high but secondary RTWP is normal. If RTWP become normal after transmit power is switched off and RTWP become high when transmit power is switched on. VS. 1. Method: suggest to shut off the transmit power then monitor the RTWP. Through the chart.MinRTWP. then no need to configure it. in day or night.7 Check the site information Check it is indoor site or outdoor site. How about the consistency between primary and secondary RTWP trend? Through the trend we can analyze whether heavy traffic causes the high RTWP. Make a chart to show the interference trend in one day. 共 4 页 . VS.

if only one set of RTWP is abnormal but the other set is OK. we can adjust the azimuth of the interference to check from which direction the external interference comes from.  If frequency scanning tool unavailable. We can:  If frequency scanning tool available (like frequency analyzer). BSS team can help to do the VSWR test for the feeder and jumper to check the feeder system ok or not. We can swap the feeder of these two sectors at the antenna side 2013-1-10 华为机密,未经许可不得扩散 第 3 页. 1. Make the test antenna of the tool toward the direction of the antenna of the NodeB (follow the same orientation. and then trace the RTWP. need collect the information as below:  How many sectors experience high RTWP?  How about RTWP status of nearby sites?  Is repeater located near the site?  Find the interference source 1.  If two sectors are very near but only one sector experience high RTWP and the other sector is OK. 1. that means NodeB have no problem. 共 4 页 . primary and secondary RTWP. The method to check the interference by scanning tool: Switch off the transmit power of the interference sector. If from the result we find the interference.9 Troubleshoot the interference Do the frequency scanning in NodeB LMT. we need visit the site to find the interference source.10 Common methods  NodeB have two sets of RTWP. we can use tool to scan the interference. From the result we can check whether there is strong interference from some special frequency band. Or we can change jumper to verify. We can conclude that the problem may exist in Feeder system or external interference. If RTWP is still very high after disconnection. Need BSS team check the RF module.文档名称 文档密级: Whether the combiner is used? Combiner frequency is match or not? For outdoor site.8 Judge external or internal interference Disconnect the jumper (jumper at the cabinet side) from the NodeB. that means NodeB have problem. same down tilt. We can swap the primary feeder with the secondary feeder to check whether high RTWP swap or not. If RTWP become normal after disconnection. also the same attitude) and scan the interference. By this method we can check whether external interference exists or not.

we can analyze the interference feature and find the interference source. By these swap actions. RTW Probl em P CheckLi st 2013-1-10 华为机密,未经许可不得扩散 第 4 页.文档名称 文档密级: to check whether high RTWP will swap from one sector to the other. 共 4 页 .

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