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Carbon Credit

Carbon Credit

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Published by shaddythemaddy
what is carbon credit? how did it start and how the world is reacting towards Carbon Credit.
what is carbon credit? how did it start and how the world is reacting towards Carbon Credit.

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Published by: shaddythemaddy on Feb 09, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/28/2012

The earth's atmosphere acts as a filter for solar rays; approximately
half of the visible light and ultraviolet radiation given off by the sun is
either absorbed by the various layers or reflected back into space.
Most of the 50% that does get through heats the earth's surface and is
eventually reflected back into space as infrared radiation. The
'greenhouse effect is the atmospheric trapping of that infrared
radiation; a natural phenomenon without which the Earth would be
uninhabitably cold for humans.
During the combustion of carbon-based fossil fuels, greenhouse gases
such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide are emitted. These
gases add to that atmospheric layer that is permeable to ultraviolet,
but not infrared radiation. As more fossil fuels are burned, the layer of
greenhouse gases thickens; solar radiation continues to pass through
unimpeded, while heat reflected from the earth finds it harder and

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harder to escape into space. In the medium to long term, this results in
the gradual increase in the Earth's temperature known classically as
'global warming.
Global climate dynamics, however, are unpredictable. Climatic models
show that the short to medium impacts of an increase in the
atmosphere's concentration of greenhouse gases will likely lead to
increased warming in some areas with deep cooling in others. For
example, consider the impact of the disruption of the gulf stream, the
oceanic system that keeps the British Isles a comfortable temperature
at the same latitude as Moscow. The unpredictability of the global
climate system's response to an increase in carbon dioxide has recast
the term "global warming" into its now accepted "global climate
change".
Certain gases, such as chlorofluorocarbons, contribute two-fold to
climate change by simultaneously trapping reflected heat and thinning
the protective ozone layer. This ozone depletion reduces the
atmosphere's ability to absorb and reflect solar radiation. As a result
more solar radiation is able to reach the earth's surface and potentially
accelerate the process of climate change.

Whether a unit of CO2 is never emitted, is emitted directly into
a bottle, or moves a short distance through the atmosphere

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before being taken up by a tree, there is no impact on the
atmosphere.

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