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Training Manual

Direct View Television
BA-5 Chassis
Models: KV-13FM12 KV-13FM13 KV-13FM14 KV-20FV12 KV-20FS12 KV-24FV12 KV-27FS12 KV-27FS16 KV-27FV16 KV-32FS12 KV-32FS16 KV-20FS12

Circuit Description and Troubleshooting Course: CTV-27

Sony Service Company A Division of Sony Electronics Inc ©1999 All Rights Reserved Printed in U.S.A.

S is a trademark of Sony Electronics

Circuit Description and Troubleshooting:
Models: KV-13FM12
KV-13FM13 KV-13FM14 KV-20FV12 KV-20FS12 KV-24FV12 KV-27FS12 KV-27FS16 KV-27FV16 KV-32FS12 KV-32FS16

Prepared by: National Training Department Sony Service Company A Division of Sony Electronics Inc. Course presented by _____________________________________ Date ___________________________________________________ Student Name ___________________________________________

Table of Contents
Features
Audio Features Video Features Convenience Features Input/Output Feature Glossary

1
1 1 2 2 2

Inrush Current Protection Switching Power Supply
Startup Regulation IC601 Internal Protection Operating the Supply without a Load Troubleshooting

13 15
15 15 17 19 21

Board Descriptions Overall Block
A board MA or MB Boards CA or CB boards VA or VB Boards D Board

3 5
5 5 5 5 5

+135 OCP and H Protect
Latch and Hold Down H Protect +135 Volt OCP

23
23 23 23

Deflection Block
Horizontal Pincushion Vertical Dynamic Focus and Quadra-pole

25
25 25 25 25

Power Supply and Self-Diagnostics
Protection Self Diagnostics

7
7 9

Power ON/Degaussing
AC Input Standby Supply Power ON Degaussing Shutdown

11
11 11 11 11 11

Horizontal Deflection
Troubleshooting

27
27

Vertical Deflection
Troubleshooting

29
29

Video Path 24” and Under
Digital Comb Filter

31
31

Y/C Processing

31

Audio with K Board
Audio Iinputs and Processing Audio Amp

41
41 41

RGB Drive
IK Pulses and Video Blanking Tube Bias Troubleshooting

33
33 33 35

Appendix - Excerpt from CTV-26 Standby Power Supply
Converter Operation Regulation Over Current Protection (OCP) Over Voltage Protection (OVP) Secondary Output Checking Q621

i
i i iii iii iii iii

Video Path 27” and Above
Inputs and Monitor Out Comb Filter Y/C Processing PIP

37
37 37 37 37

Audio without K Board
Audio Amp Volume Control and Muting

39
39 39

This prevents loud static from being heard when no station is received. These models will have the same features as the FM12 listed in the following section. The KV-27FV16 contains a 3D Digital Comb filter to enhance the picture quality. The BA-5 chassis covers the following models: The following table shows the type of surround sound and audio output power: Surround KV-13FM12 KV-20FS12 KV-20FV12 KV-24FV12 KV-27FS12 KV-27FS16 KV-27FV16 KV-32FS12 KV-32FS16 N/A N/A Matrix SRS 3D Matrix Matrix SRS 3D Matrix Matrix Power Output 3W 3W x 2 5W x 2 10W x 2 5W x 2 5W x 2 15W x 2 5W x 2 5W x 2 KV-13FM12 KV-13FM13 KV-13FM14 KV-20FS12 KV-20FV12 KV-24FV12 KV-27FS12 KV-27FS16 KV-27FV16 KV-32FS12 KV-32FS16 The 13” models are identical except they are different colors. Auto Mute mutes the audio when no signal is received. The FM12 is gray. Video. It also has Enhanced 16:9 Mode. All 27” and above use Dynamic Focus.1 Features Overview The following section discusses the various features for BA-5 models. Video Features All models contain the following video features FD Trinitron WEGA TV Dynamic Picture Processor Auto White Balance • • • All 20” and above models use Velocity Modulation to enhance the picture. Audio Features • All models contain the Auto Mute function. These features will be separated into four categories: Audio. The display will also indicate No Signal in the lower left-hand corner. All “V” models contain the Steady Sound Auto Volume. Convenience and Input/Output. FM13 is white and the FM14 is blue. Magnetic Quadra-pole and Trinitone Color Temperature Adjustment circuits. Auto Pedestal Clamp Vertical Aperture Compensation • • • . All 24” and under manuals contain a headphone jack. All models are Stereo with Auto SAP except for the 13” inch models. The 13” inch models are mono and contain only one speaker. BBE enhancement and Dynamic Acoustic Chamber (DAC) features.

Trinitone Color Temperature Adjustment – Enables the user to adjust the color temperature to warmer or cooler to match the program.• Convenience Features All the BA-5 models contain the following Convenience features: Speed Surf Tuning Advanced On-screen Menu Channel Label Video Label Multi Language Display Favorite Channel or Favorite Preview • • The KV-20FV12. SRS 3D – A digital signal-processing algorithm that simulates surround sound using only two speakers. This includes the Freeze Memo feature.Delivers optimum picture quality by supplying separate connections for luminance (Y). Dynamic Focus – Automatically adjusts the focus to improve focus on certain parts of the screen. Auto SAP automatically switches to the SAP audio if SAP audio is present. The KV-27FV16. Standard. BBE Audio Enhancement – Shifts the phase of the audio signal to improve TV sound. Freeze Memo – Allows you to save an item on the screen in the PIP window while the main picture continues in real time. Y/Pb/Pr . This keeps the loud volume from occurring due to static. Input/Output S Video * KV-13FM12 KV-20FS12 KV-20FV12 KV-24FV12 KV-27FS12 KV-27FS16 KV-27FV16 KV-32FS12 KV-32FS16 * Rear/Front • The KV-27FV16 contains a Monitor Out jack. Advanced On Screen Menu – A new colorful On-Screen Menu that is more intuitive and easier to use. Enhanced 16:9 Mode . Auto SAP – If activated. Feature Glossary Clock Timer (2 events) Sleep Timer (15/30/45/60/90) V Chip Parental Control XDS/Closed Captioning Auto Channel Programming Customer Tilt Control Auto Mute – Mutes the audio output when the tuner receives no signal. Preset Program Palette – Picture types that are preset. KV-27FS16 and the KV-32FS16 contain 2 tuner PIP. Magnetic Quadra-pole – Controls the electron beam magnetically to enhance picture resolution. Dynamic Acoustic Chamber (DAC) – A speaker enclosure that uses the cabinet to improve sound quality. Sports and Movie. Speed Surf Tuning – Allows faster channel scanning when you hold down the Channel Up/Down buttons. Out N/A N/A Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 2 . Ideal for DVD players and Digital Television (DTV) set top receiver/decoders. These include Vivid.This mode uses vertical compression to enhance “anamorphic” widescreen video from DVDs. -/-/1/1/1/1/1/1 1/1/Y/Pb/Pr N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 1 1 1 1 Composite * -/1/1 1/1 1/1 2/1 2/1 2/1 2/1 2/1 Fix/Var. blue color difference (P B ) and red color difference (P R ). KV-24FV12 and all 27” and above models have the Preset Program Palette feature.

Board Name The differences in layout between the 24” and below and the 27” and above models are the addition of the B. Y/C Jungle. A/V Inputs.3 Board Descriptions 24” and Under Board Name A K CB MB Description Power Supply. Y/C Jungle. Tuner. DGC. Comb Filter. Tuner. V Deflection. Sub tuner D Dynamic Focus and Quadrapole Focus HA* Front A/V Inputs and Menu Switches HB* IR detector HX All Switches except KV27FV16 B Board* 3D Comb Filter. V Deflection. H Deflection. Switches. Pincushion. P and D boards for the added circuits. A/V Inputs. P Board PIP Processing VA Velocity Modulation and Quadrapole *Found in KV27FV16 only. H Deflection. 27” and Over Description A Power Supply. DGC. IR detector and front video input have been moved from the A board to the H boards due to the increased cabinet size. Audio Amp. LEDs Audio Processor and SRS Processor CRT Drive and N/S Amp Syscon. . The switches. Pincushion. Audio Amp K Audio Processor and SRS Processor CA CRT Drive and N/S Amp MA Syscon. Comb Filter.

CB Board B board CA board VB board VA board D board MB board A board K board (KV-20FV12 & KV-24FV12 only) P board K board 27 Inch and Over (KV-27FV16 pictured) A board 24 Inch and Under 4 .

+9 and +5 volts. . VA or VB Boards (Not shown) All sets contain a VA or VB board. The low voltage supplies are +12. CA or CB Boards All 24” and under sets will contain the CB board. Deflection The horizontal. The main switching supply produces +135 volts. vertical and pincushion correction circuits are contained on the A board. These boards are for PIP and a 3D Digital Comb Filter. This line controls a relay. which contains VM Drive. There may also be a switching IC that selects the correct audio input if the unit does not contain a K board. D Board (Not shown) Larger sets will contain a D board. This board contains Quadra-pole and Dynamic Focus circuits necessary to produce a better picture on larger screen size models. The different YCJ allows for more inputs and also controls video switching in the larger sets. It produces 7. It contains the standby and switching power supplies. In models that have the PIP function. In addition. 24” inch and under sets will have a video input select switch on the A board. The CB board includes the CRT Drive and North/South Drive for tilt correction. These boards use different YCJ and System Control ICs. The FBT produces supply voltages for the vertical output and creates high voltage. Audio The audio section on the A board contains the audio output amplifier. The MA AND MB board contains a 5V Regulator to power the System Control IC. In order to accomplish this. All 27” and above models contain a D board. The MA or MB board contain the video processing and Syscon sections. If these pulses become too large. In other models. Any unit that features surround sound audio or SRS will have a K board. supplies 120 VAC to the degaussing coil. Audio B+ and low voltage supplies. they will activate the latch circuit which will shut down the supply. CA or CB boards contain the CRT Drive and Velocity Modulation. Pulses are monitored by the H protect circuit. The similar CA board will be used on all 27” and over models. The Standby supply is an Energy Star complaint switching supply. a 2nd Tuner and a P board will be added to the MA board. the video switching will be handled by the YCJ on the MA board. All 27” and larger sets will use the MA board. These circuits control the current through the yokes in order to correctly scan the CRT. focus voltage and G2 screen voltage. Some 27” and above sets contain P and B boards which plug into the MB board.5 Overall Block Overview The BA-5 chassis is new for the 2000 model year. The P board creates the sub picture using the video from the 2nd tuner. A Board Power Supply The A board contains sections that are common to all models. The A board contains a degaussing circuit which is activated by the DGC line from System Control.5 volts to be used by the MA AND MB board. If the set contains surround sound audio then it will have a K board. parts common to all models are on one board. Video The A board contains front and rear input jacks and the main tuner. It is the first of the BA type chassis to cover 13” to 32” models using the FD Trinitron tubes. The B board plugs into the MA board similarly to the P board. The KV27FV16 contains a 3D Comb Filter that resides on the B board. The MB board will be used on all 24” and under sets. the larger sets contain a different System Control IC that is utilized to produce a better OSD and menu system. MA or MB Boards The MA AND MB boards contain the YCJ and System Control circuits. which when activated. the A board.

& OCP V. OR K BOARD VD CV Y C SUB TUNER I PROTECT COMB FILTER OR B BOARD 7. YOKE R STANDBY POWER SUPPLY DGC +135V 12V 9V MAIN POWER SUPPLY +135V AUDIO B+ OVERALL BLOCK 6 14CTV27 1231 4/24/00 . VIDEO SWITCH PIP P BOARD RGB HP HD Y/C/J E/W PIN H. YOKE FBT HV +12V AUDIO SW.A BOARD YUV Y/C A/V INPUTS CV & MAIN TUNER L R L AUDIO AMP.5V 5V REG. DEFLECTION CA OR CB BOARD VIDEO AMP. 200V RGB CRT H. PROTECT. DEFLECTION -15V V. RESET DGC MA or MB BOARD 5V P ON SYSTEM CONTROL H.

A signal is also sent to the Syscon IC to be used by the SelfDiagnostics. They are for over voltage. Protection Protection circuits are included to deactivate the set if the following failures occur: Standby +7. This shuts the set OFF. During this time. it also turns the latch ON. The IC also has three built-in protection circuits. These protection circuits will be covered in the Switching Power Supply section. One second later the degauss relay clicks and the hum of the DGC is heard for about two seconds. If this voltage is not within the correct operating window. If a Power ON command is received after reset. The Syscon IC monitors these pulses for Self-Diagnostics and protection purposes. power is applied through the AC In block to the Standby Supply. which are used to supply power to the rest of the set. Feedback from the primary side of the transformer and the +135 volt line created by the secondary are used to control the switching frequency. . remote sensor and reset circuits. EEPROM. a LOW will be output to the base of the relay drive transistor. over current and thermal protection. The main power supply in the BA-5 chassis uses one switching IC to control switching of the B+ through a transformer. This entire sequence occurs in the first 5-10 seconds the unit is powered ON. the following can be observed in sequence: • • The power relay clicks. When this circuit is activated. The IK line’s voltage is representative of the amount of current being drawn by the tube. When these pulses are missing. When the pulses are missing. the YCJ alerts the Syscon IC via the I²C bus for use by the Self-Diagnostics. I Protect. This current is monitored during vertical blanking.5 volt OVP – If over voltage occurs on this line.I protect occurs when the Vertical Output IC does not return samples of its pump-up pulse to the Syscon. The secondary signals are used to create three DC voltages. H Protect – Or hold down is used to keep the picture tube from emitting harmful x-rays if a failure should occur that causes the High Voltage to rise. the System Control IC outputs voltages to turn ON the Power and Degauss relays. AKB Protect – Or IK protect causes the video to be blanked if the YCJ does not receive the correct feedback from the IK line. the main power supply is turned OFF and Self-Diagnostics are activated. When operating correctly. This shuts down the main power supply. it is an indicator that the vertical section is not working. The Standby Supply powers the System Control IC. The transformer primary couples the signal to the secondary. and • The degauss relay clicks again two seconds later and then a picture is displayed. When OCP is detected. drive to the relay is stopped.7 Power Supply and Self-Diagnostics Power Supply When the unit is first plugged in. The YCJ outputs one H line for each color and monitors the returning IK voltage. When the latch is activated. the protect latch is activated. +135 volt OCP – This sensor monitors the voltage across a resistor that feeds the H Out and FBT and protects against +135 volt OCP. the Standby/Timer LED will be flashing approximately once per second. This turns drive to the power relay OFF and sends a signal to the Syscon to be used for self-diagnostics.

5 CA/CB BOARD IC1001 SYSCON DGC STANDBY/ TIMER LED OVP RELAY LATCH HLDWN IC501 + AUDIO SWITCHING SUPPLY A BOARD +135V LV SUPPLY OCP HV DETECT FROM FBT +135 I2C IK IC1702 RGB DRIVE YCJ DGC AC IN DEGAUSS STANDBY +5V POWER ON RY602 POWER SUPPLY AND SELF-DIAGNOSTICS BLOCK 8 4CTV27 4/25/00 .IC502 VERTICAL OUTPUT STANDBY +5v REG MA/MB BOARD I PROTECT STANDBY SUPPLY STANDBY 7.

Shutdown. 5. 4 times. Standby / Timer LED Diagnosis Symptom Shutdown. The table indicates what will happen when failures occur while the set is operating. Standby/Timer LED Blinks 2 times. Sound OK. pauses and repeats. In the case of intermittent problems. The set will usually act differently from what is shown in the table when it is powered up with a defect present. No reply from Y/C Jungle IC (data bus is busy. You will see a menu that indicates how many times each item has failed. .) White balance failure. Problem B+ OCP or H Protect Vertical Failure (may also be Horizontal Failure or Power Supply since loss of either will cause no vertical. 5 times. – and Power buttons. 1. Continues to blink once a second. The failure information is stored in the EEPROM.9 Self Diagnostics The table below shows the number of times the Standby/Timer LED flashes in sequence before pausing and repeating. you can check the failure status history by pressing the Display. pauses and repeats. Vol. However indications will still be given that can guide you in troubleshooting. No or defective Y/C Jungle IC301 communications. pauses and repeats. grounded or held HIGH) or IK video path is defective at turn ON. No video 2. weak picture tube or Low G2 voltage.

IC502 VERTICAL OUTPUT STANDBY +5v REG MA/MB BOARD I PROTECT STANDBY SUPPLY STANDBY 7.5 CA/CB BOARD IC1001 SYSCON DGC STANDBY/ TIMER LED OVP RELAY LATCH HLDWN IC501 + AUDIO SWITCHING SUPPLY A BOARD +135V LV SUPPLY OCP HV DETECT FROM FBT +135 I2C IK IC1702 RGB DRIVE YCJ DGC AC IN DEGAUSS STANDBY +5V POWER ON RY602 POWER SUPPLY AND SELF-DIAGNOSTICS BLOCK 10 4CTV27 4/25/00 .

IC1001/13 DGC goes LOW and the Degauss Relay is turned OFF. It is then applied to Q604/B. The reset 5 volts is output IC1305/2 to IC1001/30 Reset through a RC network. if a Power ON command is received. When Q604 is OFF. This action is accompanied by the sound of the DGC humming. turning Q604 OFF. When AC is applied to the Standby Power Supply circuit. This Standby 7. IC1001 Control Tuning System begins execut- Shutdown The outputs from the Latch and the Standby 7. After this occurs. They will be replaced with jumpers in all 24” and above models. The Hi side of the AC line passes through T602/1 and 2. They are the Standby Power Supply. AC Input The AC is input to the A board through CN602. the System control IC outputs voltages to turn ON the Power and Degauss relays. ing instructions. This LOW is sent to the A board via pin 7 of CN1004 and CN2002. When the switching supply is operating. current flowing through the DGC will be greatly reduced. There is an excerpt from CTV-26 included in the Appendix. After about five seconds. AC is applied to D605 Bridge Rectifier. The Lo side of the line passes through T602/4 and 3. but the component identities will be different. and R605 and R606. This RC network provides the delay necessary for Reset to occur. one second later the degauss relay clicks. IC1305 is a 5V Regulator that also outputs the 5 volts to be used for reset.5 VDC. This entire sequence occurs within the first 5-10 seconds the unit is powered ON. Power ON When the Power On command is received from the Power Switch or the remote control. When the unit is first plugged in.11 Power ON/Degaussing Overview The Power ON/Degaussing circuit shown also includes the AC input and Reset circuits. This turns Q609 ON. This occurs because IC1001/13 outputs a HIGH. the power relay will turn OFF. the following can be observed in sequence: the power relay clicks. These resistors are inrush current limiters. This allows the Switching Supply to begin to operate. the degauss relay clicks again two seconds later and then finally a picture is displayed. AC is applied to the following three circuits. When operating correctly. If either circuit goes low. the hum of the DGC is heard for about two seconds. THP601 is a thermistor and its resistance increases rapidly as its temperature increases. When the contacts close. which causes the contacts in RY602 to close. which is input to IC1001/35 for use by SelfDiagnostics. It is then applied to Q609/ B. Keep in mind that the circuit is the same functionally. Its resistance will increase so much that after about two-three seconds. One of its first tasks is to read and load the contents of the external NVM into the registers of IC1001 via the I²C bus. the Degauss Relay is closed. remote sensor and reset circuits.5 volt over voltage protection circuit are connected to either side of R630. This voltage is input to IC1305/4. The LOW from the latch circuit will also be applied to the HLDWN line. the Standby 7.5 volts is applied to the base of Q607 through R661 and R630. the Main Switching Supply and the Degaussing Circuit. power is applied to the line filter to the Standby Supply. The Standby 5 voltage is output IC1305/5 to IC1001/27 Vcc. EEPROM. Standby Supply The Standby Supply is similar to the one used in the AA2W chassis. which is sent to the A board via pin 6 of CN1004 and CN2002. After Reset occurs. .5 volts is applied to the MB board via pin 3 of CN2002 and CN1004. The Standby Supply powers the System Control IC. This closes the contacts of RY601 and allows current to flow through THP601 and the DGC. This turns Q607 ON and allows current to flow through RY602. allowing current to flow through RY601 Degauss Relay. After reset. it begins to operate and outputs 7. Current flows through the DGC until THP601 becomes warm. the set should be ON. Degaussing About one second after the Power Relay is closed. IC1001/8 Relay goes LOW. The data in the NVM contains the service data as well as any data relating to customer control settings such as volume level.

5V +12V STANDBY POWER SUPPLY STANDBY 7.5V H=DGC R663 R661 R630 Q604 RY602 Q607 STANDBY 7.5V 3 3 CN2002 6 6 7 7 R642 CN1004 4 13 8 L=ON R1048 DGC MB BOARD R508 D612 MTZJT 77-10D D602 C601 R1047 IC1305 5V REG.5V OVP FROM Q608/C FROM POWER SW. BA3993 2 C1048 5 C1049 C1050 RELAY IC1001 HOLD DGC CONTROL DOWN 35 RESET TUNING SYSTEM VCC 27 M37273MF-258 30 14 12 LATCH FROM Q507/E C602 R653 STANDBY 7.CN602 2 1 F601 VDR 601 4 A BOARD R613 C655 *REPLACED BY JUMPERS IN 24" AND ABOVE MODELS CN601 THP601 C648 DGC L605 RY601 2 1 1 T602 3 2 R605* R606* C648 Q609 R635 R636 R634 D601 TO CONVERTER BRIDGE RECTIFIER D605 R607 STANDBY 7. FROM REMOTE SENSOR POWER ON RMCN SCL 39 SDA 37 I2C POWER ON/DEGAUSSING 12 2CTV27 1228 4/25/00 .

When Q601 turns OFF. D606 is a thyristor that is connected across R621. The resistors in smaller sets remain in place after turn ON. R621 is placed in series between the negative terminal of D605 Bridge Rectifier and hot ground. If a failure of this nature were to occur for a very short time. This keeps the circuit from activating at power ON. The larger sets use a resistor that is shunted by an SCR shortly after power ON. This is an indication that there is a vertical failure when actually there is a problem in the power supply. As the initial inrush current begins to dissipate. R621 is added in order to keep excessive current from being drawn by the switching supply at initial turn ON. After this occurs. When the set is turned ON. The Standby/Timer LED will continue to flash in the above sequence until power is removed from the set.6 volts Q601/B 14 volts D606/G Inrush Timing Diagram In Rush Current Protection RY602 is closed when the set is turned ON. When Q603 turns ON. The negative terminal of D605 Bridge Rectifier is connected directly to hot ground in these sets. C610 begins to charge. a 10-uf capacitor. less than four seconds. D608 turns OFF. D605 Bridge Rectifier supplies DC to the switching supply through R626. This initial voltage causes D608 to conduct since its zener voltage is 20 volts. . causing Q601 to turn OFF. It is not activated during initial turn ON because C609 needs to charge.13 Inrush Current Protection Overview Sets with 20-inch tubes and below use R605 and R606 (shown in the Power ON/Degaussing section) for inrush current protection. the VIN voltage from C620 is applied to IC601/1 through R644. 80 volts 20 volts R621 . current flows through D607 and R619. an alternate inrush current circuit is used for sets with 24 inch and larger CRTs. When D603 turns ON. This allows more current to be drawn without dissipating more power. Q601 is ON. C609 will charge and D603 will turn ON. D603 is a 33 volt zener used for protection. This applies AC to D605 Bridge Rectifier and R637. stopping the supply from switching. Since more current is drawn when a set with a bigger CRT is turned ON. C609 is a 100-uf capacitor. the supply could restart itself. When the charge of C610. C609 will not charge to a level of 33 volts before D606 turns ON. a sequence of four flashing Standby/ Timer LED followed by a pause would occur and the Power Relay would be opened. Q601 keeps C610 from charging when it is ON. In the event that there is a problem such as D606 opening during operation. This resistor is not in place in smaller sets that contain R605 and R606. When this voltage drops below 20 volts. the voltage across R621 decreases. This causes Q602 and Q603 to turn ON. This removes power from the supply and it ceases to function. When D608 is conducting. This causes IC601 to activate its own OCP circuit. reaches about 14 volts. the voltage drop across R621 becomes only a few tenths of a volt. If the failure lasted longer. D606 begins to conduct. 80 volts is developed across R621.

REGULATION FROM IC602/2 +135V PH601 PC123FY2 PHOTO COUPLER 1 2 3 SWITCHING B+ TO T603/5 PRT TO R637 SWITCHING SUPPLY AC HI FROM RY602 AC LO FROM T602/3 R605 R606 D605 R645 PH601 PC123FY2 4 VIN FROM C620 R649 R626 C614 R651 Q602 R627 C612 R628 R625 C613 Q603 R644 TO REGULATION IC601/1 OCP/FB D606 R621 R624 R623 Q601 R622 C610 D608 MTZJ-T77-20B D603 MTZJ-T77-33B D607 R619 C609 R618 A BOARD INRUSH CURRENT PROTECTION (24" AND ABOVE) 14 3CTV27 1224 4/24/00 .

IC601 will begin to start up. This switching ON and OFF of the internal FET. its voltage reaches the threshold at which IC601 Converter will start to operate. which will be created using the signal from T603/7. This voltage is sent through R626 to T603/5. and T603/3 and T603/2. The resistance and capacitance values of the components associated with IC601/1 and 2 determine this. The voltage across R632 and R641 will increase again and the cycle repeats itself. to IC601/1 OCP/FB. the IC will go into internal over voltage shutdown and cease oscillation. This voltage is fed to IC601/ 1 through R633. When this voltage reaches approximately 4 volts. R643 and C652. The gate of this internal FET is connected to an oscillator contained in IC601 Converter. This turns the internal FET ON. The IC also has three built-in protection circuits. the incoming AC will not be a factor in sustaining the charge of C620. When the voltage across C620 is sufficient to allow IC601 to operate. When this sustaining voltage is missing. through IC601/3 D and IC601/2 S. C620 will discharge on the negative half cycle of the incoming AC. The delay time is a factor of the values of R646. Regulation IC601 Converter is used here in quasi-resonant operation. As C620 charges on the first positive half cycle of the incoming AC signal. 144 VDC is developed. When this occurs. a positive going signal is produced at T603/7 due to the collapsing magnetic field. The rectified and delayed voltage from D614 is then sent through D611. Comparator 1 in IC601 Converter turns the internal FET OFF. The DC voltage produced by D613 is used to sustain the input voltage at IC601/4 VIN. and finally through R632 and R641 to ground. When this voltage reaches . Quasi-resonant refers to the fact that there are two different levels used to determine how long the internal FET of IC601 should be turned ON or OFF. If the voltage supplied to IC601/4 VIN exceeds 22 volts. The AC applied to R637 is passed through R662 and R660. IC601/3 and 4 are the Drain and Source for an internal FET. A chirping noise accompanies this failure and the Standby/Timer LED will flash. When AC is applied to D605. The transformer primary couples the signal to the secondary. This causes a loss of the D614 voltage due to the changes in magnetic field of T605. blocking diode. This pin is connected internally to two internal comparators. Startup When power is turned ON.73 volts. allowing current to flow as described above. This threshold is around 11 volts. The secondary signals are used to create three DC voltages that are used to supply power to the rest of the set. When the voltage threshold for startup is reached at IC601/4 VIN. This causes the IC601 to be constantly turned ON and OFF. the oscillator begins operation by outputting its positive half cycle.15 Switching Power Supply Overview The power supply in the BA-5 chassis uses one switching IC to control switching of the B+ through a transformer. current flows through T603/5 and T603/4. RY602 is closed and AC is applied to R637 and D605. produces a signal output at T603/7 that is rectified by D613 and applied to IC601/4 VIN. When the supply is started. Comparator 2 in IC601 turns the FET ON. When the oscillator starts its negative half cycle. The rectified voltage is delayed by the charging action of C652. and applied to IC601/4 VIN. whose Drain and Source are IC601/3 and 2 respectively. . Once IC601 starts operating. the FET is turned OFF and current stops flowing through T603/4 and 5 and T603/2 and 3. This signal is rectified by D614. Without this voltage. Feedback from the primary side of the transformer and the +135 volt line created by the secondary is used to control the switching frequency. the voltage created across R632 and R641 monitors the current through the internal FET. The voltage at IC601/4 VIN will remain at approximately 17 VDC during normal operation due to a sustaining voltage.

A BOARD IC601 STR F6624/6654 CONVERTER VIN OCP/FB D GND S 3 5 2 4 1 123.8 VDC IN RUSH *Q603 CURRENT PROTECT FROM Q602 R638 4 1 T603 R632 D610 R641 C619 R643 C652 7 8 12 14 11 CREATES AUDIO B+ CREATES LOW B+ CREATES +135 AC HI FROM RY602 C617 C645 D605 C647 R627 5 13 2 17 C646 R626 3 4 AC LO FROM T602/3 C644 C612 16 R628 R621* TO IN-RUSH CURRENT LIMIT/PROTECT *ONLY FOUND IN 24" AND ABOVE MODELS.7 VDC R645 R644 R637 R662 R660 D613 D614 R646 C620 R633 D611 FROM +135 3 2 ERROR PH601 FROM PC123FY2 IC602/2 122. SEE IN RUSH CURRENT PROTECTION SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY 16 1CTV27 4/25/00 .

and the IC601/1 voltage under maximum (white raster) and minimum (black raster) loads. If OCP is detected again by IC601/1. The table below shows the typical operating frequency checked at IC601/ 3. These pins are the terminals of an LED. over current and thermal protection. They are over voltage. which means regulation is maintained by frequency control. IC601/1 OCP/FB only operates during the turn ON portion of the FET switching. C-E voltage from IC601/4 VIN is applied to IC601/1 OCP/FB through R644.5 volts. the power transfer is controlled between the primary and secondary windings of T603. This will cause the voltage at IC601/4 VIN to fall below the voltage needed to operate the IC. This regulates the supply’s output. This in turn changes the frequency of operation.71 VDC 1. switching will stop. The brighter the light from the LED. This OVP activates a latch circuit and power must be disconnected for operation to restart. OCP Over current protection is done by monitoring the voltage at IC601/1 OCP/ FB. the switching circuit will be stopped. By controlling the frequency. This voltage will rise above the operating threshold on the next positive half cycle of the AC input and cause the FET in IC601 to turn ON. Pins 3 and 4 of PH601 are the emitter and collector of the internal phototransistor. Pins 1 and 2 are connected to the +135 volt line and to IC602/2 Error Amp.6 DCV 136 DCV Frequency 145kHz 200kHz IC601/1 DC Voltage 1.73 ~ DC LEVEL CONTROLLED BY PH601 UVLO OVP TSD Vin OVER-CURRENT 1 & FEEDBACK SOURCE 2 DRAIN 3 SUPPLY 4 IC601/1 PH601 is an opto-isolator. Changing the DC level alters the ON/OFF time of the internal FET. Variations in the +135 volt line effect how much light is output from the LED. If this voltage rises above 22. the cycle GROUND 5 . OVP The over voltage protection circuit functions by monitoring the voltage present at IC601/4 VIN. LATCH FET OFF TRANSIENT ~ . the more current can flow through the C-E junction. This DC voltage helps regulate the supply by changing the DC level of the signal created by the quasi-resonant operation.17 FET ON ~ 4 VOLTS ~ FDBK OSC. +135 White Raster Black Raster 135.6 VDC OCP IC601 IC601 Internal Protection IC601 has three protection circuits. When there is conduction. If the voltage passes over the threshold during this time.

8 VDC IN RUSH *Q603 CURRENT PROTECT FROM Q602 R638 4 1 T603 R632 D610 R641 C619 R643 C652 7 8 12 14 11 CREATES AUDIO B+ CREATES LOW B+ CREATES +135 AC HI FROM RY602 C617 C645 D605 C647 R627 5 13 2 17 C646 R626 3 4 AC LO FROM T602/3 C644 C612 16 R628 R621* TO IN-RUSH CURRENT LIMIT/PROTECT *ONLY FOUND IN 24" AND ABOVE MODELS.7 VDC R645 R644 R637 R662 R660 D613 D614 R646 C620 R633 D611 FROM +135 3 2 ERROR PH601 FROM PC123FY2 IC602/2 122.A BOARD IC601 STR F6624/6654 CONVERTER VIN OCP/FB D GND S 3 5 2 4 1 123. SEE IN RUSH CURRENT PROTECTION SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY 18 1CTV27 4/25/00 .

2 VDC 13. When the temperature of the frame reaches 140 degrees Celsius. Every time this cycle repeats.83 VDC 13. The following table shows the state of several points at various AC input voltages: IC601/1 40VAC 60VAC 80VAC 100VAC 120VAC . The signal seen at IC603/3 started as sine waves clipped at the negative peaks and gradually came to look more like a normal sine wave as the input voltage was increased. a chirping sound can be heard from the power supply.11 VDC 1.87 VDC .19 will repeat. This will be discussed later. the latch is activated.98 VDC 1. The semiconductor wafer is mounted to a lead frame to dissipate heat. At that time the power relay will be turned OFF and the Standby/Timer LED will flash in sequences of four.22 VDC IC601/3 160 Vpp 200 Vpp 230 Vpp 260 Vpp 280 Vpp IC601/4 12 VDC 12. After removing L603. That circuit contains another OCP that would cause the Standby Timer LED to flash in sequences of two. Plug the set into a variac and begin to slowly bring up the AC voltage. Thermal The thermal shutdown works by sensing the temperature of the lead frame that the IC is mounted to internally. This chirping sound is made each time the supply begins to restart.5 VDC 13. D614/K 2v 5us IC601/3 100v 5us Operating the Supply without a Load It is important to be able to isolate whether a problem is in the power supply or other circuitry. This chirp occurs when the VIN voltage rises again to a voltage at which IC601 can operate. place a jumper across the contacts of RY602. Power must be disconnected for operation to restart.9 VDC Switching B+ 51 VDC 79 VDC 106 VDC 134 VDC 163 VDC IC601/1 1v 5us T603/7 10v 5us IC601/2 1v 5us . You should also note that under the above conditions the +135 volt output at L603 remained at 136 volts throughout. It will continue to repeat until the Syscon IC senses a vertical failure. This supply can be run unloaded at AC input voltages ranging from 30VAC to 120VAC. The frequency of this signal ranged from 236 kHz at 40 VAC to 320 kHz at 120 VAC. An example of this failure would be a short on the 135-volt line such as VM Output short. 200volt short (Video Amp) or FBT. This type of failure would not be associated with a Horizontal failure such as H Out. At about 30 volts. the supply will begin to operate.21 VDC 1. You can unload the supply by unsoldering one side or removing L603.

8 VDC IN RUSH *Q603 CURRENT PROTECT FROM Q602 R638 4 1 T603 R632 D610 R641 C619 R643 C652 7 8 12 14 11 CREATES AUDIO B+ CREATES LOW B+ CREATES +135 AC HI FROM RY602 C617 C645 D605 C647 R627 5 13 2 17 C646 R626 3 4 AC LO FROM T602/3 C644 C612 16 R628 R621* TO IN-RUSH CURRENT LIMIT/PROTECT *ONLY FOUND IN 24" AND ABOVE MODELS.7 VDC R645 R644 R637 R662 R660 D613 D614 R646 C620 R633 D611 FROM +135 3 2 ERROR PH601 FROM PC123FY2 IC602/2 122.A BOARD IC601 STR F6624/6654 CONVERTER VIN OCP/FB D GND S 3 5 2 4 1 123. SEE IN RUSH CURRENT PROTECTION SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY 20 1CTV27 4/25/00 .

It is important that you take into account all the symptoms to aid in your troubleshooting.21 Troubleshooting The following table is a list of symptoms that occur when any of the supply voltages are shorted to ground at turn ON. Derived -15 4 Normal 3 then fourth for shutdown. R549 +200 2 power On and Shutdown. IC1301 YCJ or IC301 Depending on model +12 No No 4 No +5 No No 4 No +9 No No 4 the No fourth flash stays on for several seconds. Normal Yes Audio B+ 3 Normal Yes No Set turns OFF PS401. T503 FBT IC502 V Out. Power supply chirps. 402 depending on model Q502. R550 IC502 V Out. Data problem IC603 9 Volt Regulator. IC501 Pin and OCP IC604 5 Volt Regulator. 4 clicks. Voltage +135 Relay Clicks 2 power On and Shutdown. Power supply chirps. Power ON. 2 power On and Shutdown. Power ON. 200 volt problem. This may be helpful in troubleshooting. No No Yes Yes 4 4 Yes Yes . Video No Audio No Timer LED 4 HV No Power Switch Set ON and symptom repeats Set ON and symptom repeats Set ON and symptom repeats Set ON and symptom repeats Suspect Q502. 402 and IC401. 200 volt problem. T503 FBT IC603 9 Volt Regulator. Degauss ON and OFF and Shutdown. No No 4 No Set ON and symptom repeats Set ON and symptom repeats Set ON and symptom repeats +12 Scan 4 Normal 3 then fourth for shutdown. Power supply chirps. Degauss ON and OFF and Shutdown. 4 clicks.

NOTES 22 .

the voltage at IC501/5 will become . +135 Volt OCP Over current is detected by monitoring the voltage across R556 and R553. This component usually fails with a C-E short. which rises as more current is drawn. This signal is sent through R548 and D519 and is used to maintain the charge of C546. the YCJ would disable HD. It is also possible that IC501 has become faulty. Consequently they are easier to remove compared to unsoldering T505/2. A HIGH on Q506/B turns it ON. unplug the set and remove L510 and R568. The voltage at IC501/6 is proportional to the High Voltage. ensure that SW501 H Centering Switch is in the center position. Unloading each of them from the circuit one at a time can eliminate these components. Note: This is a departure from the way previous models have worked. Typically when the H protect circuit was activated. This would cause IC501/7 to output a HIGH. In turn. Note: Before doing this. Whenever this line goes LOW. This eliminates the current path necessary to keep the unit ON. The LOW signal created by the latch is also applied to the HLDWN line through R508. there is a problem with the OCP. reconnect CN502 and remove Q502. If the symptom changes from sequences of two flashes to sequences of four flashes. Three main components generally cause this type of failure. These HIGHS are input to the latch circuit that then places a LOW at the base of the relay drive transistor.23 +135 OCP and H Protect Overview The +135 OCP and H Protect detection circuits output a HIGH to indicate a problem. Damage will occur to the set if it is not. • If the symptom remains. replace Q502. They are T505 FBT. The HLDWN line is connected to IC1001 at pin 35. the voltage from the Standby 7. If the symptom changes from sequences of two flashes to sequences of four flashes. • If the symptom remains. Q505 in this case. unplug the set. You should check Q502 with an ohmmeter first. turning it OFF. During shutdown. This can generally be determined by checking the transistor with an ohmmeter or diode checker. • Unplug the unit. D517 is used for temperature compensation.5-volt line maintains the latch. the Self-Diagnostics are activated and the Standby/Timer LED flashes in sequences of two. causing it to turn ON Q507. If that voltage shows a peak near 5 volts. it turned ON a transistor that grounded the HP input to the YCJ. These points were chosen because they do not have eyelets. The DC voltage created by the charge of C546 is input to IC501/5 Non inverting input through R563. greater than that at IC501/6. the latch will be activated. This in turn removes the ground return path for RY602 and the unit shuts OFF. C534 prevents premature triggering of OCP. the horizontal circuit is operating normally. H Protect When the horizontal circuit is operating normally. As long as IC501/6 is greater than IC501/5. Q502 H Out and the CRT Drive (not shown). In very rare cases the protection transistor. This eliminates the T505 FBT. replace IC702 CRT Drive on the C board. a signal is output from T505/7 that is also used to supply voltage for the –15 volt line. When there is a failure. Start with the easiest by unplugging CN502 from the A board and reapplying power. This voltage is compared to a reference voltage of 10. Re-apply power. a signal is also sent to IC1001. This drops the drive voltage to Relay Drive Q607/B. If the symptom changes from sequences of two flashes to sequences of five flashes. Latch and Hold Down The latch is activated whenever a condition in the +135 volt OCP or the H Protect circuits causes Q506/B to go HIGH. replace T505. has become leaky. D517 and D518. When this voltage. which will indicate these failures by flashing the Standby/Timer LED in sequences of two. This HIGH voltage activates the Latch. gets to a level that causes Q505 to turn ON. If the High Voltage becomes excessive.4 volts that is derived by a voltage divider consisting of R561. You can determine which of the two circuits is activating the latch by checking the voltage at D520/A with a peak hold meter.

2ES R561 6 +12V Q507 R571 + IC501 7 R565 C549 R567 C547 R566 R572 Q506 D520 R558 STANDBY 7.5V H DRIVE FROM T501/6 HDT Q502 A BOARD +135 OCP AND H.+135 STANDBY 7.5V HV DETECT FROM T505/7 +135 R548 D519 5 C546 R563 R556 R553 D516 R554 C551 L510 2 R557 C534 Q505 R559 R663 RELAY FROM IC1001/8 MB BOARD VIA CN2002/7 R642 Q604 D619 MTZJT-77-10B R655 R656 Q608 R568 R555 PART OF T505 FBT 1 +200V 4 STANDBY 7. PROTECT 24 5CTV27 1225 4/21/00 .5V R508 R661 R630 HLDWN TO IC1001/35 MB BOARD TO POWER RELAY RY602 Q607 D517 D518 RD8.

25 Deflection Block Horizontal IC1301 YCJ generates the horizontal drive signal and outputs it from pin 34. They are the +200. The output from IC502 Vertical Out is applied to the vertical yoke to control the scanning of the beam vertically. The FBT creates an ABL signal which is representative of the current drawn by the tube. The dynamic focus control uses the VP and HP signals to develop a signal. scan derived power supplies are generated by the FBT. Vertical The vertical drive signals are generated by the YCJ after it successfully completes initial communication with the Syscon. which will be used to sharpen the left and right sides of the picture. This signal is compared with the HP signal to create a Pulse Amplitude Modulated signal that is applied to the Horizontal circuit. The magnetic field of these coils is used to sharpen focus in the four corners of the picture. This signal is first applied to horizontal drive transistor Q501 and is then applied to the horizontal drive transformer T501 and coupled to Q502. YCJ for H phase compensation. The Horizontal Output circuit also outputs a sample of the H output that is squared off. This boost pulse is also sent to the D board to create certain signals. The horizontal deflection yoke controls the beam scan horizontally. This signal is used to limit the picture brightness and to compensate for high voltage regulation. In addition. G2. the Horizontal Output. This is because dynamic focus and Quadra-pole are necessary for larger FD Trinitron tubes. Pincushion A 60 Hz parabola signal is output from the IC1301/11 E/W and applied to the Pin Out circuit. heater and focus voltages required by the picture tube. T505 FBT boosts the horizontal drive signal to create the high voltage. The Quadra-pole circuit uses the VP and HP signals along with the positive vertical drive signal (VD+) to create a signal that will be applied to a series of coils. The purpose of this signal is to create a uniform picture width on the screen . and the D board on applicable models to create certain signals used by Dynamic Focus and Quadra-pole. +12 and – 15 volts. These signals are output from IC1301/13 and 14 and are applied to IC502 Vertical Out. Dynamic Focus and Quadra-pole The D board is used in all 27” and above models. This signal is called HP. HP is returned to the Pin circuit. The vertical output also generates a boost pulse that is returned to the Syscon IC for self-diagnostics. The signal from the Horizontal Output is sent to the horizontal yoke and the FBT T505.

ABL 3 IN FBT T505 HD 34 IC1301 Y/C/J HP 33 H.14 IC502 V. Q504 +200V HEATER HV G2 FOCUS 1 H DY+ 2 3 4 H DY- EW 11 +12V -15V 5 6 VD+ 13 VD. Q503. CENT. T501 H.DRIVE Q501. AND LINEARITY PIN OUT CIRCUIT IC501.OUT V DYV DY+ NECK ASSEMBLY CN601 IC1001 SYSCON 5 DF/QP DRIVE QP OUT MB BOARD A BOARD * 27" & 32" ONLY * D BOARD * VA BOARD DEFLECTION BLOCK 26 9CTV27 1227 4/20/00 . OUT Q502 H.

connected. The H protect circuit does not operate in this manner in the BA-5 chassis. The YCJ should always output HD whenever 9 volts is present. In order to be certain that T501 is capable of handling a load. In these models. the next step is to see if this signal is present at the base of Q501 H Drive. You can check this by turning the set ON and checking IC1301/19 HD for the signal shown below before the set shuts down. IC1301/19 2V 20US The only exception would be if IC1301/18 HP is shorted to ground. If IC1301 YCJ is outputting HD. This section of the course will be used to offer troubleshooting tips for repairing BA-5 chassis sets. T501. during an H protect condition. Troubleshooting The following is a procedure to try if the set is shutting down with a four flashing sequence indication from the Self-diagnostics and No High Voltage present. This will determine if Q501 can output a signal with its load. R504 with Q502/6 unsoldered 5V 20US . If the signal looks good at Q501/B then the base of Q502 H Out could be unloaded by unsoldering 1 side of R504. you should unsolder L510 and R648 (not shown). R504 with Q502/B unsoldered 5V 20US Reconnect R504 if this signal is present. The following waveform should be seen at R504 with Q502/B disconnected. The HD signal should be output from pin 19. we will not discuss its circuit description. Keep in mind the scan supplies are part of the Horizontal circuit. The presence of High Voltage for even a short time is an indication that the Horizontal circuit is functioning normally and your problem lies in the vertical section. This pin serves a dual function in previous chassis. Otherwise damage will occur to the set. These components were chosen because they are easier to unsolder then more evident components. These components pass the +135 volts through to T505 FBT. IC1301/18 HP should be checked for a short to ground in the event that the YCJ is not outputting HD. it would cause HD to cease. pin 18 would be grounded and HD at pin 19 would be halted. The signal below should be present at Q502/B. but should IC1301/18 HP be grounded. Note: Before doing this.27 Horizontal Deflection Overview Since the Horizontal Deflection circuitry has changed little in the last few years. which are soldered to the board where there are eyelets. ensure that SW501 H Centering Switch is in the center position. Another method would be to remove the MB board and connect a +9 volt power supply to the 9-volt line. In those sets it is the HP/ H OFF line.

ANODE FOCUS G2 C505 C509 C516 C515 C508 C507 D504 200V SV FV C535 C501 FROM PIN OUT Q504 3 4 C503 R501 R503 C504 11 ABL R548 C520 D504 C514 B+ 135V 1 2 A BOARD H SIZE AND LINEARITY CIRCUIT (THIS CIRCUIT DIFFERS DEPENDING ON CRT SIZE DY 3 4 CN501 HORIZONTAL DEFLECTION 28 7CTV27 1226 4/21/00 .+9V 33 IC1301 CXA2131AS Y/C/J 44 HP 18 B+ +9V 135V R547 R502 T501 HDT R504 6 HD 19 MB BOARD R383 R385 C502 R510 Q501 MAIN HP R516 Q502 HV D509 T505 1/2 FLYBACK R509 1 TO 2nd.

R519 and R540.29 Vertical Deflection Overview Since the Vertical Deflection circuitry has changed little in the last few years. If these voltages are missing. replace IC502. If these signals are missing. These resistors are . .47 ohms and should always be checked with an ohmmeter because they have a tendency to change value when subjected to heat. replace that IC. check IC1301/13 and 14. check or replace C541 and D510. If these signals are not present. Next check the signals at IC502/1 and 7. If communication appears normal. If the vertical section is defective. It should look like the waveform shown below. If the signal at IC502/5 is missing. R549 and R550 should be checked. They should look like the waveforms shown below. Troubleshooting The following is a troubleshooting procedure for the vertical section if you are sure that the sequence of four flashing lights is not caused by a direct short on one of the power supply lines or a horizontal circuit malfunction. The YCJ will not output vertical drive unless communication is okay between the YCJ and the Syscon. If the signal appears distorted or is missing the retrace portion. This section of the course will be used to offer troubleshooting tips for repairing BA-5 chassis sets. replace IC502. The first step in checking the Vertical deflection circuit is to check the supply voltages at IC502/2 and IC502/4. and no horizontal is characterized by lack of High Voltage. check the values of input resistors R517. check the data and clock lines at IC1301/34 and 35.47 ohms with an ohmmeter. The Syscon is located on the MA or MB board depending on the size of the set. there will be pulses missing on the I protect line to Syscon. They should never read much higher than . When a lead is lifted and the signal returns. If the drive signals are present. Check to be sure that the signal is getting from IC502/3 to the I protect input on the Syscon. replace the YCJ. This signal should appear as shown below. If these pulses are missing. If data or clock is missing. we will not discuss its circuit description. R518. check the signal at IC502/3. IC502/1 1V 5MS IC502/7 1V 5MS In the case of size or centering problems. Syscon will shut OFF the power relay and the Standby/Timer LED will flash in sequences of four. unload these lines from each IC individually. Remember that the chirping transformer in the power supply may indicate a direct short on a power supply line or a power supply problem. Check the output from IC502/5. IC502/5 20V 5MS IC502/3 20V 5MS If this signal is missing.

OUT R518 + VD+ 13 R387 VD.+12V SCAN D510 DERIVED R550 D514 SUPPLY FROM T503/9 C541 R541 I PROTECT TO CN003/5 MB BOARD +9V SCL SDA 35 34 33 44 2 6 3 R384 R517 7 IC502 TDA8172 VERT.14 R540 IC1301 CXA2131AS Y/C/J VTIM 5 FLYBACK GENERATOR DY 5 6 1 4 R519 -15v R539 C543 R538 5 CN501 R536 -15V SCAN DERIVED SUPPLY FROM T503/7 MAIN VP MB BOARD R549 D513 A BOARD VERTICAL DEFLECTION 30 8CTV27 4/20/00 .

Switching The composite video signals from the rear jack J201. respectively. Whichever input is selected will be output from IC1304/7 and then input to IC1301/41. If composite video is selected. The Digital Comb Filter has separate Y and C outputs at pins 20 and 17.58 MHz clock signal output at IC1301/ 43 FSC and input to IC1302/13. FL1301 and Q1310. . These signals will eventually be sent to the tube cathodes. the front jack J202 and the tuner are all input to IC1304 Video Switch. the Y and C signals will be used to create the RGB outputs of IC1301. These signals are routed through the video switch to the YCJ. then to the Comb Filter if necessary. video will be blanked. The YCJ samples this signal and determines if each color’s cathode is drawing adequate current. Whichever input is chosen. back through the YCJ. This IC will then flash the Standby/ Timer LED in sequences of five to indicate an IK problem. The rear jack may also have an S Video input. The input to these pins comes from IC1001 Control Tuning System at pins 10 and 11. If the YCJ determines that there is a problem with the IK loop. There is also a 3. The signal is then input to IC1302/14 A In. that signal will be switched through the YCJ and output at pin 6. Pin 6 is the monitor out line and would have the Y signal present at its output if an S video source were chosen.31 Video Path 24” and Under Overview The following section will discuss the video path for 24” and under BA-5 chassis models. You should note that the chroma signal has a very low amplitude at FL1303. IC1301 YCJ communicates this to IC1001 Control Tuning System through the I²C bus.3 Volts 0 Volts IC1304/4 V1 0 Volts 0 Volts 3. and then output as RGB. If S video is selected then the inputs at pins 2 and 4 are used. The YCJ also contains an input for IK to control AKB. This signal will be used by IC1001 Control Tuning System for V Chip and Closed Captioning. These inputs are V0 and V1 at IC1304/2 and 4. Q1312. If the input chosen is composite video. This signal is used by IC1302 Digital Comb Filter for timing. Digital Comb Filter The Digital Comb Filter is used when composite video inputs are used. These models have two sets of video inputs and a tuner input. and by IC1302 Digital Comb Filter. The separate Y and C signals from the S video jack are input directly to IC1301/2 and 4. The composite video signal output at IC1301/6 is buffered and filtered by Q1311. These signals are both buffered and filtered before being re-input to IC1301 at pins 9 and 7. the inputs at pin 7 and 9 are chosen. The following table shows the voltage level at these pins for different input selections: Input Tuner Video 1 Video 2 IC1304/2 V0 0 Volts 3. IC1304 has two inputs that are used to control the switching.3 Volts Y/C Processing The YCJ selects which Y and C signal to use for processing.

FL1302. 1307. Q1329 G2 IN B2 IN FSC 43 COMB 7 MON OUT 6 Q1302 Q1313 C1055 C1053 13 Q1354. Q1312.J201 1 3 CN2009 20 19 4 2 17 CN2002 18 CN1004 20 19 17 CN1003 18 3 VIDEO1 IC1304 NJM2534M VIDEO 1 TV SW. Q1311. 7 MAIN VIDEO VIDEO2 OUT 5 V1 V0 2 4 2 4 C1 Y1 IK 21 R OUT 22 B OUT 23 IK RETURN FROM Q1331/C TO Q1317 R BUFFER TO Q1315 B BUFFER TO Q1316 G BUFFER DET. Q1310 14 17 A BOARD MB BOARD AIN COUT CKIN IC1302 YOUT 20 TC90A49P DIGITAL COMB FILTER 6CTV27 1223 4/24/00 VIDEO PATH 24" AND UNDER 32 . Q1327. A1306.OUT TU101 J202 FRONT A/V 41 CVBS2 G OUT 24 IC1301 Y/C/J CXA2131AS COMB Y 9 7 CN2001 7 CN1001 TO A BOARD FOR AUDIO SWITCH 10 11 41 29 X1001 8MHz SELECT0 YM 49 SELECT1 R 52 OSDBLK G 51 24 IC1001 B 50 M37273MF25 258 CV IN CONTROL 22 28 TUNING SYSTEM 29 YS2/YM 32 R2 IN 31 30 Q1332. Q1328. FL1303. 1308 FL1301.

Place your scope in delayed mode and highlight the area that appears to be one pulse.33 RGB Drive Overview This section describes how the RGB signals are displayed by the picture tube. The heater is necessary to heat the cathode so that it can emit electrons. G2 is set by inputting a gray scale pattern and adjusting the G2 VR on the FBT (not shown) so that the darkest bar is completely black. CRT Socket/7 20v 10us The G1 input on the tube is a control grid. This is done with Contrast set to max and Brightness set to the midpoint. the Standby/Timer LED will flash in sequences of five. we will discuss the IK/AKB circuit and how it functions in the BA-5 chassis. G2 is also a control grid and is used to limit the acceleration of electrons as they travel through the neck of the tube. The cable connecting the two boards is hardwired and cannot be unplugged from either end. which is developed by the FBT (not shown) on the A board. If the tube is biased correctly. Once the IK detect circuit in the YCJ detects that the proper current is flowing to each cathode. CN1303 is connected to CN705 on the CB board. in every field we would see a waveform like that shown below at Q1350 or Q1331 Base. They are pins 6. Q1331/B 1v 5ms . They are output so they occur on consecutive lines with red first. the cathode will not emit electrons and consequently there would be no picture. Since each color is outputting a pulse for one H line. Tube Bias The CRT requires high voltage and other biasing voltages to properly display a picture. It is very hard to see this waveform at other places so it is recommended that you only check IK return here. They are buffered by Q1315. These pins are connected together and tied to ground through R715. First it requires a heater voltage. IC702 amplifies and inverts these signals. The RGB signals that are applied to the CB board are input directly into pins 1.01 volts present at these pins when no video is input. IK Pulses and Video Blanking When the set is turned ON and communication is established between the YCJ and Syscon. Troubleshooting no video problems by using the IK pulses output by the YCJ will also be covered. and applied to CN1303. and applies them to the cathode of the tube for their respective colors. Some scopes that have less than 100MHz bandwidth may have trouble triggering on these signals. followed by green and blue. Q1316 and Q1317. 9 and 13. 2 and 3 of IC702 CRT Drive. one for each color. These pulses are one horizontal line in duration and they occur during every field. In addition. Your scope should be set to 5ms per division. IC702/5 IK outputs a voltage signal that represents the amount of total current being drawn by the tube cathodes. The YCJ continues to monitor the IK IN line for the proper signal levels. IK pulses are output for each color. If there is a failure during operation. If it is missing. three lines will be produced in the overscan area of the picture tube. G2 measures about 316 volts on a 20” inch sample. Expand it and you will see that there are three distinct pulses. The waveform below shows the signal at CRT pin 7 H1. There are three separate pins on the tube for G1. There is approximately -. This voltage will increase as screen size increases. the video is unblanked and a picture may be seen. These changes in the acceleration of the beam change the picture brightness.

R1392 Q1350 CN1303 1 3 4 CN705 1 3 4 5 5 3 IK R IN Q1331 IKIN R1397 21 R1391 9V D1310 UDZ-TB-17 5 AB R1393 5 IC702 TDA6109JF 2 B IN CRT DRIVE 1 G IN 6 D701 D703 VCC G B R OUT OUT OUT 9 8 7 R709 D702 200V CN502 6 6 FROM D511 CN706 R710 R708 HEATER G2 R711 R716 TO Q1336 AFC BUFFER 10 11 IC1301 CXA2131AS YCJ 35 34 RGB EXPANDED R1379 SDA SCL +9V R1381 R1380 R713 R712 R718 KB 12 KG 5 G2 3 G4 KR HI 7 R1378 R OUT 22 R1396 B OUT 24 R1394 G OUT 23 R1395 Q1317 R1375 Q1315 R1376 Q1316 H1 8 CV G1 13 G1 G1 1 9 6 R714 R715 FOCUS MB BOARD CB BOARD RV701 HSTAT RGB DRIVE 34 11CTV27 4/25/00 .

There should also be HV and sound present. Their amplitude should be between 1 and 4 volts peak to peak. the video may never unblank at turn ON. Use of the Self-Diagnostic feature does not seem to be of any help here. press the “1” button 15 times. Troubleshooting The first step in troubleshooting is to determine if there is a tube bias problem or an IK blanking problem. See if the YCJ is outputting a pulse for each color. If one of the colors is missing. Blanking can be caused by faulty IK or tube bias operation. these pulses should be output. Pin 1 of the tube CV is used for convergence. This input is from the electrical focus control VR on the FBT. the set will remain in video blanking mode. If one of these pulses is missing at the RGB outputs of the YCJ. Note: This method is only valid for BA-5 chassis. This will bring you to the VSIZ adjustment although it will not be indicated on the display. However. After the set is ON. the Standby/Timer LED should be flashing in sequences of two or four. “5”. If no HV is present. This would leave us with a starting point to troubleshoot blanking problems. troubleshoot the path for that color. Note it is inverted and much larger. This means no video or OSD will be displayed. the YCJ will continue to output these IK pulses. The convergence plates in the tube align the colors to each other using this voltage. Press the “6” button until the IK lines are visible. If there is communication between the YCJ and Syscon. These same pulses should also be present at the RGB inputs of IC702 on the CB board. A part of the H1 voltage is input to pin 1 through RV701. then “Power”. replace it. If all the colors are missing. One possible method for seeing these lines uses the Service Mode. You will know if you are in video blanking if the Standby/Timer LED flashes continuously or in sequences of five soon after turn ON. You can enter Service Mode by pressing “Display”. If any of these signals are incorrect or missing.35 There is an input for the focus grid at pin 3 G4 of the tube. “Vol+”. If a problem occurs with one of the colors. you may have a faulty YCJ or tube bias. . It should be set for optimum focus using a dot pattern. If the inputs to IC702 CRT Drive are good there should be an output as shown below.

R1392 Q1350 CN1303 1 3 4 CN705 1 3 4 5 5 3 IK R IN Q1331 IKIN R1397 21 R1391 9V D1310 UDZ-TB-17 5 AB R1393 5 IC702 TDA6109JF 2 B IN CRT DRIVE 1 G IN 6 D701 D703 VCC G B R OUT OUT OUT 9 8 7 R709 D702 200V CN502 6 6 FROM D511 CN706 R710 R708 HEATER G2 R711 R716 TO Q1336 AFC BUFFER 10 11 IC1301 CXA2131AS YCJ 35 34 RGB EXPANDED R1379 SDA SCL +9V R1381 R1380 R713 R712 R718 KB 12 KG 5 G2 3 G4 KR HI 7 R1378 R OUT 22 R1396 B OUT 24 R1394 G OUT 23 R1395 Q1317 R1375 Q1315 R1376 Q1316 H1 8 CV G1 13 G1 G1 1 9 6 R714 R715 FOCUS MB BOARD CB BOARD RV701 HSTAT RGB DRIVE 36 11CTV27 4/25/00 .

51 and 52. These Comb Y and Comb C signals are then re-input to the YCJ at pins 22 and 20 respectively. The output from the transistors is a composite signal that will be sent to the A board for the Monitor Out jack J204.37 Video Path 27” and above Overview The video path for the 27” inch and above models is very different from the 24” inch and under models. including component video and a 2nd tuner for PIP. All of these signals will be output from different connectors on the A board to connectors on the MA board. which plugs directly into the MA board. PIP The models that have PIP will use the P board. they will have the same effect on the signal path. The PIP processor selects one of the composite video inputs. The selected composite video or Y signals are output IC301/17 Mon Out. model and contains a 3D Comb Filter. If the component input is chosen. The signals are input by the jacks if it is a Video input and from the tuners if it is broadcast video. along with the Y SW signal output from CN305/15. the Y Q304 and Q306 combine their signal with the C signal from IC301/19 with the Y from IC301/17. demodulates and compresses it. Inputs and Monitor Out Larger BA-5 chassis sets can have up to six inputs. IC302 Digital Comb Filter or the B board can do this. There are also connections for the additional boards used for PIP and 3D Comb Filter. matrixed to RGB and output from IC301/37. Video 3 input can be composite only. 38 and 39. the YCJ combines the separate Y and C and outputs them as composite video from pin 24. The reduced YUV signal is output from CN305/12. If the composite source is chosen then the Comb Y and Comb C at pins 22 and 20 are input to the demodulator. If the input chosen for PIP by the user is S Video. If one of the S video inputs is chosen then Y and C from pins 12 and 11. there will be no signal output from Monitor Out. These YUV signals will be placed into the main video YUV signals using the Y SW input. One main is located on the A board and one sub is located on the MA board. digitizes. The B board is only used on the KV27FV16 . it must have the Y and C components separated. All signals are input to the YCJ. This allows for more inputs. If the selected signal is a composite video signal. The P board accepts composite video from IC301/24 PIP Out. it is sent to Q304 and Q306 and then back to the A board for Monitor Out. This is because the PIP IC on the P board only accepts composite video inputs. Video 1 and 2 inputs can be composite and S Video. When these signals are input to the P board. These inputs also contain a Y SW signal at IC301/45 which blanks the main picture for the proper size and position of the PIP window. There are also inputs for two tuners. composite and S Video. or pins 15 and 14 are selected. They each take composite video input and output separated Y and C. The YCJ contains switching circuits for component. with the exception of the sub tuner which is already located on the MA board. Then there is another switch that switches between these signals and the YUV inputs at pins 50. Video 4 is component only. It is also sent to the B Board or to IC302 Digital Comb Filter. 12 and 14. Y/C Processing IC301 YCJ then switches the correct Y and C input to the demodulator circuits. The chosen signals are demodulated to YUV signals. This signal is then processed further. The PIP board will also accept inputs from the YUV component input. The chosen YUV signal is then mixed with the PIP YUV inputs. Whichever comb filter is used. The larger screen size models use the MA board in place of the MB board. In the case of an S Video. Comb Filter If a composite video signal is selected and output from IC301/17. they are modulated to form a composite video signal.

Q358 3 5 VIDEO1 FROM J201 VIDEO3 FROM J203 MON OUT TO J204* DET.A BOARD CN2005 CN006 2 1 4 2 1 4 3D COMB FILTER Q304. OUT FROM TU101 Y C CV C320 12 C OUT 19 YI IN MON 17 11 CI IN OUT 9 CVBSI IN CV CN2006 CN005 1 1 CV 2 2 C321 5 C325 Q151. Q350 Q354. Q352. FL302. Q370 VIDEO4 FROM J206 VIDEO2 FROM J202 CN2001 7 9 11 4 4 5 5 6 6 CN503 CN4200 DVDY COMB C 20 IN COMB Y 22 C359 51 DVDCR IN 52 DVDCB IN C361 7 CVBS2 IN PIP C322 OUT 24 15 Y2 IN C312 14 C2 PIP CBIN 48 IN PIP CRIN 47 50 YUV FROM CN302 2 4 6 8 12 13 14 15 P BOARD KV27FS16 KV27FV16 KV32FS16 ONLY PIP YIN 46 YUVSW 45 TO P BOARD SUB TUNER DET OUT R OUT 39 VBSS G OUT 38 IN 1 B OUT 37 CV Y C CN305 TO R BUFFER Q389 TO G BUFFER Q388 TO B BUFFER Q387 MA BOARD VIDEO 4 FROM J4221 * HA BOARD *KV27FV16 ONLY VIDEO PATH 27" AND ABOVE 38 10CTV27 1229 4/24/00 . Q152 C348 3 CVBS3 IN IC301 Y/C/J CXA3154 CVBS4 IN FSC OUT 59 4 4 CN2007 Y PR PB CN301 CN302 1 2 3 1 2 3 7 9 11 Y OUT 20 IC302 D-COMB FILTER 17 TC90A49F 13 C OUT CK IN 4 A IN Q355. FL301. Q306 CV OR Y TO IC001/28 FOR V CHIP B BOARD (27FV16) CN306 1 Q349. Q369. Q359. FL303. Q302.

This reduces the audio to no volume. The other audio output. This DC voltage is applied to IC401/1 VC1 and IC401/7 VC2. which will be shown in the Audio With K Board section. These components smooth the PWM signal to a DC voltage. the audio will not be returned back. The control lines are the same ones used in video switching on 24” and under models.speaker terminals are connected to the – outputs of IC401 Audio Amp. Volume Control and Muting Volume control is adjusted by varying a PWM waveform output from the Syscon ICs O Vol pin. Q411 is a Power Off Mute transistor. IC401 Audio Out amplifies the input signals and outputs them as a differential pair. It is configured so that when the set is turned OFF. This HIGH turns Q410 ON and grounds the VC1 and VC2 terminals. Q411 turns ON. This section discusses models that do not use the K board. The R. This turns the transistor ON and grounds the VC1 and VC2 lines. there are headphones plugged into the headphone jack J401. The following table shows the state of the control lines for the input selected: Input Tuner Video 1 Video 2 IC405/406 S1 0 Volts 3. When power is disconnected and voltage remains on the 9-volt line.3 Volts 0 Volts IC405/406 S2 0 Volts 0 Volts 3. This is possible because the + 9 volt line holds voltage longer than the +12 volt line. The one shown here is used in all models that output 5Wx2 or less. These + signals are routed to CN407 and then to CN408 both on the A board. When mute is called for. The signal then passes through the headphones and back to CN407. the signals enter IC401 Audio Amp. If . Audio Amp The output from the switching circuit is applied to a RC network on each channel. current flows between the B-E junction of Q411.and L. The back signal to CN407 is then applied to the R+ or L+ speaker terminal depending on which channel you are looking at. No Signal will also be displayed on the screen. This signal is connected to CN2009/10 and applied through D403 to a filter network consisting of C440. When this occurs. It should be noted here that these sets have the Auto Mute feature.3 Volts Whichever input is chosen is output from its respective IC at pin 7. The mute circuit is also connected to IC401/1 VC1 and IC401/7 VC2. There are also two different audio amplifiers that can be used by the BA5 chassis. After passing through the RC network.39 Audio without K Board Overview The BA-5 chassis can contain one of two types of audio circuits depending on the model. The DC voltage determines the level of the signal output. is used for models with at least 10Wx2 power output. If a BA-5 chassis were tuned to a weak station. One type uses the K board and the other does not. Switching Models without the K board use separate audio switches. These switches each have three audio inputs and two-control line inputs. This may be useful for troubleshooting in the event of a bad headphone jack. IC405 and IC406. a HIGH signal is output from CN2002/9 Mute. for each channel. This method is used because the Audio amp is in the rear and the headphone jack is in the front of the A board. The left channel is switched by IC405 and the right channel is switched by IC406. Screen size is not a factor in the use of a K board. the audio would be muted. C442 and R432.

2+ 1. TDA7075AQ OUT J401 HEADPHONE CN406 +9V R446 R442 R441 Q410 Q411 R447 R445 R432 C442 SPK R+ SPK R2 1 SPR MUTE R440 3 4 SPK LSPK L+ SPL CN2002 CONTROL LINES TO IC1405/2 & 4 O VOL FROM IC1001/3 VIA CN2009 10 CN1003 MB BOARD +12V C441 D401 O VOL D403 C440 CN407 1 R BACK 2 R GO 3 L BACK 4 L GO 5 TO CN408 HP GND. NJM2521 V1L R436 7 C439 C420 3 C208 R424 5 V2L L OUT VP IN1 R437 R438 R439 C421 5 J202 R237 C216 R238 C210 TVR R OUT 3 V1R 7 1 TO CN1004 MB BOARD S0 11 S1 10 9 IC406 AUDIO SW. AUDIO WITHOUT K BOARD 40 13CTV27 1230 4/25/00 .1+ 1 7 11 13 10 8 IC401 AUDIO AMP. 5 NJM2521 V2R S1 2 S2 4 IN2 VC1 VC2 2. TO CN407 C214 R422 1 R428 AUDIO B+ FROM L601 4 5 C215 R421 C207 R425 3 S1 S2 TVL IC405 AUDIO SW.CN408 CONTROL LINES FROM CN2002/10 & 11 TUNER TU101 L R J201 2 4 A BOARD C438 R427 1 2 3 4 R BACK R GO L BACK L GO HP GND.

including volume control and SRS. Then both channels of all sources are applied to IC404 Audio Processor. The values of the resistors in this case will determine if the set will output 10x2 watts per channel or 15x2 watts per channel. volume. No matter what source is chosen. The K board allows for up to six different audio source inputs. The left and right signals are output for the Var/Fix Output at J402 on the A board from IC404/ 12 and 29. Whether the unit contains the SRS IC or not. We will also discuss the second type of Audio Amp. The output is differential and follows the same path as models without K boards. BBE. IC403 then outputs audio from pins 15 and 16. Video 1 through 4 and inputs for two tuners. IC404 Audio Processor contains a switching network that will switch the selected source to the various outputs. The customer can select from the menu if they want this output to be fixed or variable. From there it will go to the A board via CN460/ 5 and 6. The outputs from IC404/13 and 28 are the main audio outputs of the set. The signals are applied to IC402 using two pins for each channel. These control outputs are used because IC403 SRS is not I²C compatible.41 Audio with K Board Overview This section discusses the second type of audio circuit that uses the K board. audio is applied to the speakers from the + outputs of IC402. The – outputs of IC402 are applied to the – side of the speakers. these signals are input at IC403/23 and 24. . this audio will be input to IC403 SRS or to the A board for amplification. The signals will also be applied to the following internal circuits: AGC. tone and another volume circuit. The selection is performed via I²C commands from the Syscon. Audio Amp Once the audio is on the A board. Some larger sets do not contain headphone jacks. Data from the I²C bus will determine how much audio processing is performed. Depending on the model. If the set does not. both channels of audio are applied to the K board via CN460 and CN450. The audio is processed by the SRS circuit using the two control outputs from IC404/22 and 23. It also contains ICs that perform all necessary audio processing. This signal will be sent to J204 Monitor Out jack on the A board. The audio selected is directly output from IC404/11 and 30 Monitor Out. If the model contains SRS. SRS is not contained in all models that use the K board. matrix surround sound. Audio Inputs and Processing Larger BA-5 chassis sets can have up to six audio inputs. audio will eventually be applied to CN450/5 and 6. it is applied to the same RC network used on models without K boards.

K BOARD TV-L TV-R VI-L VI-R V2-L V2-R V3-L V3-R YUV-L YUV-R FROM CN401 PIP-L MA PIP-R BOARD 17 18 13 14 20 19 11 12 9 10 17 18 R410 R409 C448 R405 40 1 IN1 IN1A AUX0 23 AUX1 22 CN460 IC404 39 IN2 13 AUDIO 24 23 15 16 PROCESSOR C447 R404 2 14 NJW1130G C460 C458 CN450 CN460 IN2A R403 5 5 28 OUTB 3 20 IN3A 6 6 R406 OUTA 13 38 IN3 19 LINE 29 C201 R407 4 4 37 IN4 B 11 C202 R408 LINE 12 3 3 12 4 IN4A A C450 36 IN5 MON 9 2 2 30 B C451 5 IN5A 10 MON 11 1 1 CN450 A 2 35 IN6 15 15 SDA 18 6 IN6A 1 16 16 SCL 19 CN451 IC403 SRS 13 MODE2 NJM2198 LOUT LIN RIN ROUT 12 MODE1 VAR/FIX OUTPUT TO J402 MON OUT TO J204 SDA SCL R438 R OUT TO CN407 L OUT TO CN407 1 4 1+ 2- IN1+ 7 C421 C420 A BOARD MUTE FROM SYSCON IC1001/5 VIA CN2002/9 IC402 IN2+ 8 OUT AUDIO 14 3AMP. IN3+ 10 17 4+ TDA8580Q IN4+ 11 13 MUTE R436 R439 R437 AUDIO WITH K BOARD 42 15CTV27 1232 5/16/00 .

APPENDIX .

Once Q621 Converter turns OFF. 10 us Regulation Q621/S . but component names are different. Normally this would reduce the voltage at Q621/G.1 V.50 mv. The opposite occurs when the load on the supply decreases. Two diodes are used so that there will be protection should one of them fail. excessive voltage overshoot caused by the collapsing magnetic field of T621 SRT and returns the excessive voltage to C629. When Q622 begins to conduct. but a voltage is supplied to the gate through R632 and C630 from T621/4. When a positive voltage is applied to the gate. This brings the frequency of the converter closer to the optimum operating frequency of T621 SRT. As C630 charges. all polarities are reversed. This voltage is induced into the secondary winding of T621/4 when current flows through the winding between T621/1 and T621/3. . When the voltage is applied to T621/1 SRT Input. The operation of the Standby Power Supply in the BA-5 chassis is identical. This voltage is then applied to T621/1 SRT Input through R639. This network clamps Q621/D . form a snubber network (voltage clamp). it lowers the voltage at Q621/G and changes the switching frequency.1 V. Moving closer to this optimum frequency causes more voltage to be provided at T621/9. it begins to conduct drain to source. This causes the frequency of operation to be increased and the amount of voltage coupled to T621/9 to be decreased. D623.i Standby Power Supply *Note: The following is an excerpt from CTV-26. This differs from the service manual. It will open if the standby switching circuit draws excessive current. Q621 Converter turns OFF. The AC high side is applied to a half wave rectifier consisting of D621 and D622. When the field collapses fully. If the load on the secondary output increases. The incoming line voltage also effects the frequency of switching operation. Converter Operation Operation of the Standby power supply begins when the set is plugged in. Overview The standby power supply is a switching power supply used to create Standby 5V. current begins to flow through T621/1 and 3. Q621 Converter is a FET with added protection. which covered the AA2W chassis. which calls T621 SRT. The Standby 5V line is used to power the Tuning Micon and EEPROM and any other circuits which need power when the set is OFF. This reduces the voltage at T621/3 to close to zero. The waveforms below show what will be seen at Q621. 10 us Q621/G . The supply typically operates at 45 kHz when the set is OFF and at about 30 kHz when the set is operating. along with C631 and R640. As this voltage rises and falls. 10 us Changing the frequency of the switching regulates the output voltage at the secondary winding comprised of T621/8 and 9. The changing frequency will change the amount of voltage coupled to the secondary winding consisting of T621/8 and 9. Once this voltage falls below a certain threshold. Taking a sample voltage from T621/4 and applying it to rectifiers D624 and D625 does this. The AC low side is ground for this circuit. This reversal of polarity helps speed up turn OFF of Q621. The voltage is not permanent due to C630. it reduces the voltage at Q621/G. Please note that the board has T621 SBT silk-screened on it. current flows through the winding and R631 to Q621/G. The AC line voltage is applied across the standby power supply. the frequency of switching will decrease. the rectified voltage is applied to Q622/B through R634. R639 is a fusible resistor used for current limiting and failure protection.

2ESB2 C699 C635 G BOARD C636 FROM R623 &R664 AC Lo SIDE R637 STANDBY SUPPLY ii 3 CTV26 1187 12/28/99 . R636 R638 D626 RD6.7 OHMS 1 T621 SRT C631 2 11 R640 D623 TO RY600 POWER RELAY 3 10 R631 D C630 R632 4 D624 S IC622 5V REG 7.2VDC BAO5T D628 I O 9 G C650 CN641 10 Q621 2SK2845 D698 D699 MTZ-T-77 -15 .FB621 D621 D622 FROM T601/1 AC Hi SIDE R639 4. R633 D625 STANDBY +5V TO A BOARD CN1641 C633 5 8 C637 TO Q646/E BACKUP R635 C634 R634 D627 6 C629 Q622 PROT.

when rectified and filtered by D628 and C637. Connect the negative lead of the ohmmeter to the SOURCE lead. This would cause Q621 Converter to stop conducting. This 7. If the device is good you will get a resistance reading of about 400-1k ohms. It is also applied to RY600 Power Relay. D626 begins to conduct. When its conduction allows Q622 Protect to turn ON. over voltage protection is employed. The signal from T621/4 is rectified by D698. Over Voltage Protection (OVP) Over voltage protection is done by rectifying the voltage at T621/6 with D627. Connect the ohmmeter positive lead to the DRAIN. The leads show infinite resistance to each other except for drain to source in one direction because of the presence of a protection diode. which stops the converter from switching. If this negative voltage becomes great enough. To prove the device is functional: 1. This creates a negative voltage across C699. This voltage is representative of the amount of current flowing through Q621 Converter since it is in series with the transistor. It is also applied to IC622 5-Volt Regulator. This voltage is constant due to the regulation circuit on the primary side of T621 SRT. it would shunt Q621/G voltage to ground. to pre-charge it. D699 is also used for OVP. Q622 Protect turns ON and grounds Q621/G.2 volts is applied to Q646/E for backup during the start of regulation by the regular power supply. When using the diode mode.6 volts. This 5 volts is sent to CN641/10 which connects to the A board and powers the Tuning Micon and other circuits. This voltage is filtered by C636 and applied to D626 through R638. 3. Touch the ohmmeter positive lead to the gate. If this voltage should rise to . it will cause Q622 to turn ON. which regulates its output to 5 volts. If Q622 were to turn ON. 2. If this voltage should rise above 6. Secondary Output The power coupled through T621 SRT places a voltage on T621/9 that. . is 7.iii Over Current Protection (OCP) Monitoring the voltage across R637 is used for over current protection. Some DVMs do not produce enough DC voltage in the ohms mode. a low voltage drop is shown after pre-charging the gate.2 volts. Checking Q621 Testing a MOSFET device is simple. The diode check mode can be used with these models.2 volts. D699 conducts and the Q621/G voltage is brought lower.

R636 R638 D626 RD6.FB621 D621 D622 FROM T601/1 AC Hi SIDE R639 4.7 OHMS 1 T621 SRT C631 2 11 R640 D623 TO RY600 POWER RELAY 3 10 R631 D C630 R632 4 D624 S IC622 5V REG 7.2VDC BAO5T D628 I O 9 G C650 CN641 10 Q621 2SK2845 D698 D699 MTZ-T-77 -15 . R633 D625 STANDBY +5V TO A BOARD CN1641 C633 5 8 C637 TO Q646/E BACKUP R635 C634 R634 D627 6 C629 Q622 PROT.2ESB2 C699 C635 G BOARD C636 FROM R623 &R664 AC Lo SIDE R637 STANDBY SUPPLY iv 3 CTV26 1187 12/28/99 .

A. . 1 Sony Drive Park Ridge.S SEL Service Company A Division of Sony Electronics Inc.S. New Jersey 07656 CTV270500 Printed in U.

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