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ESSENCE OF LINGA PURANA
Compiled, Composed and Interpreted by V.D.N.Rao, Former General Manager, India Trade Promotion Organisation, Pragati Maidan, New Delh, Union Ministry of Commerce, Government of India
ESSENCE OF LINGA PURANA
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Invocation ‘Linga’ and ‘Alinga Rupas’ and Primary Creation of Universe ‘Ashtanga Yoga’, the significant means of Shiva Tatwa The Unfolding of Shiva Tatwa and Pancha Mukha, the Five Faced Connotation of Omkara and Analysis of Shiva’s Body Parts (Vishnu’s Prayers to Maha Deva included) Preface to ‘Lingarchana’, Pancha Yagna and Lingarchana Vidhi Origin of Shiva Linga and Mahima of Atithya, Pativratya, Bhakti and Bhasma (Apara Stuti to Maha Deva included and Triambika Mantra explained) Maharshi Dadhichi proves superiority of Shiva Shakti to King Kshupa Birth of Nandeswara and Linga Puja Shiva’s Samishthi Rupa (An integrated Portrait of Maha Deva) ‘Shiva Sankalpamastu’: Parashara’s ‘Rudraarchana’ and glory to his Vamsha Maha Deva exterminates Tripurasuraas Pashupata Yoga, Vividha Murti Pratishtha, Shivalayaas & Lingarchana Vidhi Paapa Vimochana Vidhi, Uma Maheswara Vrata and other Vrataas (Pashupaasha Vimochana Mantra included) ‘Panchaakshara JapaMahatmya’ and ‘Dhyaana Yagna’ Arishta and Mrityu Suchanaas and precautions like Japas and Tirtha Yatras Shiva Leelaas: Andhaka pardoned, Bhu Devi rescued, Prahlada saved and Jalandhara killed (Nrisimha Stotra included) Vishnu Krita Shiva Sahasra Naamaavali Sati’s immolation at Daksha Yagna, Shiva-Parvati Kalyana & ‘Vighneshotpatti’ Shiva Tandava (The Cosmic Dance) Bala Muni Upamanyu attains ‘Ganapatya’ as denied milk led to Shiva Bhakti Shivaakshara Mantras, Pashus, their Self Control and Realisation of Pashupati Shiva’s Vibhutis (counter-parts), Vishwa Rupa, Ashta Rupas & Shiva Tatwa (Shiva’s self-description included) Shiva Mandala Puja -Dhyana -Guru ‘Mukhyata’ -Diksha Vidhi - Mandala Puja as prescribed Shiva Linga Pratishtha and Mahatmya Varied Swarupas of Gayatri created by Maha Deva Phala Shruti Annexure of Shiva Sahasra Naamaas
ESSENCE OF LINGA PURANA Om Shri Ganeshaya Namah, Om Namah Shivaaya Namah, Namo Rudraaya Brahmaney Paramatmaney, Pradhaana Purushaaya Sarga Sthityantakaariney/ Akaaramakaaram Sthulam Sukshmam Paraatparam , Omkaara rupa mrugvaktram Saama Jihvaa samanvitam/ Yajurveda mahaagreevamatharma hridayam Vibhum, Pradhaana Purushaateetam Pralayotpatti varjitam/ Tamasaa Kaala Rudrasyam Rajasaa Kanakaangijam, Satvena Sarvagam Vishnum Nirgunatvey Maheswaram/ ( Suta Maha Muni prayed to Brahma-Vishnu- Shiva and after greeting Veda Vyasa addressed a huge gathering of Rishis initiated the description of Linga Purana by stating that Omkara comprising ‘A’kaara, ‘ U’ and ‘M’kaara denotes ‘Shtula’ or Gross, ‘Sukshma’ (Miniscule) and ‘Paraatpara’ or the Supreme Forms. The Omkara Swarupa has Rig Veda as its Face, SamaVeda as its tongue, Yajur Veda as its neck and Atharva Veda as its heart.The Pradhana Purusha or the Prime Being is made of ‘Taamasika’ Feature representing Bhagavan Rudra, ‘Rajasika’ Feature standing Brahma, ‘Satwa Guna’ denoting Vishnu and ‘Nirguna’ as Parameshwara.) ‘Linga’ and ‘Alinga Rupaas’ and Primary Creation Invisible Shiva called ‘Alinga’ is the root of the visible ‘Linga’ or ‘Prakruti’/Shaivi /Maya or the Universe. Thus the visible Linga (Prakriti) is Shiva Swarupa itself. The synthesis of the Alinga and Linga is known as the ‘Aoutthama’ Linga, which is devoid of ‘Gunas’ or characteristics. The Alinga Paramatma is Infinite, Constant and All-Pervasive as also the Unique Trimurti Rupa performing the three deeds of Srishti- Sthiti-Samhara in the manifestations of Brahma-Vishnu and Shiva as the Beeja (Seed) Swarupa. Prakriti or yoni is created by as many as twenty-six inputs viz. Maha Tatwa (Supreme Manifestation), Ahamkara (the Great Consciousness) comprising the Tri Gunaas or Tamo-Rajaasa-Satwa Gunas or features; The Tamasa Ahamkara creates Tanmatras or Subtle Forms of Matter viz. the foremost Tanmatra of Shabda (Sound) leading to Akaasha (Sky); Akaasha creating the Sparsha (Touch) Tanmatra; the Sparsha creating Vayu (Air), the Vayu creating the Rupa ( Form) Tanmatra; Rupa Tanmatra creating Tejas or Radiance (Agni); Agni creating Rasa (Taste) Tanmatra; Rasa creating Jala or Water; Water creating Gandha (Smell) Tanmatra; and Gandha creating Prithvi / Earth; thus there is a perfect link between Pancha Tanmatras and Pancha Bhutas. Now the Saatwika Ahamkara created Pancha Jnaneindriyas, Pancha Karmandriyas and Manasa or Mind; the Pancha Jnanendriyas are Twak (Skin for Touch), Chakshu (Eyes of Vision), Nasika (Nose for Smell), Jihva (Tongue for Taste) and Shrotra (Ears for Hearing); the Pancha Karmendriyas are Vaak (Speech), Payu (anus), Upastha (Marmendriya), Hasta (Hands) and Paada (Feet). As the twenty six inputs of MahatawaAhamkara-Tri Guna- Pancha Tanmatras-Pancha Bhuta- Pancha Jnaanendriya-Pancha Karmdendriya and Manas were ready and in Position, there manifested Brahmanda the
Sannithi to Ritu. Pavaka. Vaali. Sini. Maina Devi and her sons Mainaka and Krouncha were born to Swadha and Pitras etc. indeed he was dissatisfied with these and after Tapasya and concentration. Tamisra and Andha. Swaha. Vaamana or Pigmy-like. Medha. Pavamana. Kshama to Pulaha. Maha Moha. Balakhilya Muni to Kratu and Sanmati. now Daksha Prajapati only formalised the Union of Shiva and Sati and stated that all total womanhood of the Universe was of the ‘Amsha’ or of similarity to Sati Devi. Angirasa. Nirdwandya Veetaraagascha Vishwaatmamaano Bhavaatmajaah/ (My salutations to you Maha Deva. Pulastya. Anumati the daughters to Angira and Smriti. Dushtaghna or the 4 . mention-worthy were: Devi Lakshmi born to the couple of Bhrigu and Khyati. the latter and from her husband Swayambhu were born Priayamvada and Uttanapada. Trinetra. Tushti. Bindu. Swadha. Kardama Muni to Pulaha and Kshama. Aanasuya to Atri. Hiranyakesha or of Golden Locks. and Arani. Urja. viz. Rudra asked Brahma to convert his body into to two parts. Prasuti and Devahuti were also born to Swayambhu. As his Manasa Putri Sati was handed over to Daksha Prajapati to bring her up. Preeti to Pulastya. followed by Marichi. Of special significance was of the instance of Shiva and Sati Devi the daughter of Daksha. Interestingly. Khyati. Even earlier in the past at the time of Prathama Sarga itself. Nirmalaah. Nilalohita! You are Sarvajna or All Knowing. Further to an outline of the Primary Creation of Brahma. Kshama. Smriti. Sarva Gati or Multi-directional Passenger. created Sanaka-Sanandana-Sanaatana-Sanat Kumara Brothers. Anasuya. as Sati Devi was provoked by the indifference and irreverence displayed by her father. and Shuchi were born to Agni and Swaha Devi. Lajja. Brahma told Daksha to treat her as his own daughter and cautioned that she was to be basically treated as the Mother of the Universe. Preeti. Hraswa or Short. Swaha to Vaishwanara and Swadha to Pitru Devatas. Urja to Vasishtha. From Shraddha to Kirti above were wedded to Dharma. Khyati was married to Bhrigu. Pulaha.Golden Egg with Brahma seated inside along with Vishnu and Shiva who too floated over the Maha Jala (as distinguished from Water as a component of Pancha Bhutas) of a volume of ten times more than that of the Golden Egg. Arani to Bhargava. Dhruti. Sambhuti. besides Ekadasha Rudras too were of the Amsha of Shiva-Sati Union. besides being the Mother of Daksha as well as his own too! Daksha revered Sati well and got her married to Rudra himself. Brahma made unintentional and casual Creations called Tamas. Kirti. Kriya. Shubha or Propitious. Siddhi. Moha. Then emerged nine Prajapatis and one Ayonija named Shatarupa. Sambhuti to Marichi. Suta Maha Muni described the details of the progeny of the Maharshis and their wives above mentioned . Atri and Vasistha who were like Brahma himself from his Yoga Vidya as they were all endowed with Brahama Vidya and were Brahma Vaadis. Kuhu. Dirgha or Very Tall. Prasuti married Daksha Prajapati and from their union were born Shraddha. Smriti to Angira. of MahaVaayu ten times more than that of the volume of Maha Jala and of Mahaakaasha or the Greater Sky of ten times further of the volume of Maha Vayu. there are several such Brahmandaas in the Maha Srishti! In the beginning. Raaka. Vapu. Rithu. Sannati. it was in that context that Brahma extolled Shiva as follows: Namostuvo Maha Devaatrinetraa Nila Lohitaah Sarvajnaah Sarvagaa Dirghaa Hrasvaa Vaamanakaah Shubhah/ Hiranya keshaaya dushtaaghnaa Nityaa. Akruti. she selfimmolated out of the affront caused to Shiva by her father only to return as Devi Parvati in the subsequent manifestation. as Shiva as Artha Naareswara.
excepting the wedded woman or man as the case may be and this should be observed by vision. Asteya (stealing). Parama Shiva became a ‘Sthanu’ or Motionless. these are the Ten Niyamas. Bhagavan said that it would never be possible to do so and that every Being would have to under go through the evolution of Life any way and as per one’s own ‘Karma’ or deeds and would have to experience the retributions of Narakas or enjoy the fruits of Upper Lokas.Pranaayama. The Soul of the Universe. The next component of the Ashtanga Yoga denotes as Aasana which not only includes the right posture of formal seating like of Padmasana followed by ‘Bahyatantara Shuchi’ or external and internal cleanliness. Snaana or Formal Bathing besides Tirtha Seva and ‘Aniccha’or General Disinterestedness and abstinence.Niyama. Besides the above General Principles.. Vratas like Chandrayana as also or to perform formal worship directed to specific Devatas and purposes. improve the Stock of Punya or the Fruits of Good Deeds. the Eternal Paramatma. Brahmacharya (avoidance of sex) and Aparigraha or Excessive acquisition. to desist stealing of other’s property by deed. Daana or charity. Included in the Aaasana are Japa. Brahma as the Representation of Rajo Guna. Maanasika and Upaamsaka (Oral. Agni. he could assume any form that he would wish and being merciful and propitious by nature facilitates human beings to perform good deeds. and believed is Satya unless it does not hurt any body is known as Satya.Destroyer of Evil. Swadhyaya. Swadhyaya or Memorising or Reciting the Scriptures. Yama is denoted by good behaviour comprising Ahimsa (Non-Violence). Upavaasa or Fasting. Vishnu as the Icon of Satwa Guna and Maheswara as Nirguna or Featureless. while these two holdings of breath would be for twenty four units in either case in respect of medium category and thirty units in either case in the best category. Varuna with other Devas climaxing with Parama Shiva. Shoucha or Physical Cleanliness. ‘Madhyama’ or medium and ‘Uttamaa’ or the best of variations. indeed He is Kaala Rudra as the Symbol of Tamo Guna. Japa should be of Panchakshari viz. Indriya Nigraha or Control of Physical Limbs.Aasana. to convey whatever is seen. and accomplish the Higher Lokas. A person could worship any of the Forms of Bhagavan as Brahma. Ashtanga Yoga-the Significant Means of Shiva Tatwa To control the activities or goings on in the mind is Yoga. heard.Pratyahara-Dharana-DhyanaSamadhi. and to abstain from excessive acquisition of materials far and above one’s needs in the short run of time is stated to be Aparigraha. ‘Yogaabhyaas’ or the practice of Yoga besides providing happiness and peace of mind would cure several physical weaknesses to rectify respiratory and digestive 5 . Basic Niyamas is in fact an extension of Yama: To refrain from hurting or torturing co-Beings physically or mentally is Ahimsa. Unique or of Non-Duality. Nirmala or Translucent. The Ashtanga or Eight-Limbed Yoga comprises of Yama. Japa and Swadhyaaya are of three kinds: Vaachaka. to negate from relationship with another female or in respect of a female wih another male. and the Supreme Soul of Thoughts)! Brahma then performed a Pradakshina (Circumambulation) and requested Maha Deva to allow him the creation of Beings without old age and death. Nitya or Everlasting. Shiva Puja starting from Brahmanas. or Vishnu or Shiva as the Supreme Maheswara and escape the onslaught of Sins and the resultant Hells. Om Namassivaya Mantra and Swadhyaya is of Omkara and of Vedas and other Scriptures. and Tapas etc. So replying to Brahma. thought or otherwise is called Asteya. these interruptions comprise twelve units each of ‘Uchhvaasa’ or inhaling and ‘Nishvasa’ or exaling in the mild category. Those who take refuge in Shankara are assured of breaking the shackles of Maya as He indeed is the Master of the Universe. The next step is Pranayama or to practise interruptions of Prana or life-air or merely stated as the breathing processes of ‘Manda’ or mild. mind-borne and Upaamshak or as guided by Guru). Devoid of Desires.Yagna-Tapa or meditation. Niyamas also involve the specific deeds viz. more so because they are fearful of Evil and Sin. thought or deed is called Brahmacharya or celibacy. Satya (Truth).
burial places. Pranaayama also achieves the generation of Tatwas viz. The Yogi must visualize a white lotus encased in a Trikona or a Triangle and set in the images of Agni. Mahaan. Alakshanamanirdeshya Manoralpataram Shubham/ Niraalambamatarkai cha Vinashotpatti varjitam. Pratyahara demolishes sins. The air that enables vital functions of the human body. dried leaves. circulation of blood. Yogaabhyaas should be intiated by greeting one’s Guru and then to Shiva. animals. Shanti. lonely forests or gardens without distractions. Brahma. Mana. keep looking at the tip of his nose and not look at sides. Devadatta created yawning and Dhananjaya Vayu creates high-pitch sounds and also remains with the body for a while even after death. places occupied by evil-minded persons and so on. the air that controls the bubbling in the ‘marmaavaya’or the secret part is Udaana.and flow of sweat from glands to skin and creating diseases is Vyaana. or six.Udaana-Vyaana-Naaga-Kurma-KukaraDevadutta and Dhananjaya. or ten or twelve or sixteen leaves. Vivaswara. the air that controls the involuntary movements of the body. raise his head. Sadashiva in the naabhi or navel. or four. the dhyana should be targetted to the golden and fire-like. Smriti. the air that is generated by the food intake down in the digestive process is Apana. Praana-Apaana-Samaana. Udgaar (dakaar) is the wind called Naga. respiration and general activity is Praana. Dhyana or meditation of Ishwara bestows the devastation of poisons like Vishayas or worldly matters. and Chandrachuda in the ‘Llalaata’ or forehead and the prayer should be as follows: Nirmalam Nishkalam Brahmaa Sushantim Jnaana Rupinam. Kakara Vayu creates hunger. water. and by aligning his Three Gunas. he should fix his eyes at a particular Target. Kaivalyam chaiva Nirvaanam Nishreyasamanuttamam Amritamchaaksharam Brahmam hyapunar –bhavamadbhutam/ Mahaanandam Paramaanandam Yogaanandamanaamaam. Yoga unifies and balances of the ten kinds of ‘Vaayus’ or Airs in the human system viz. uncongenial and inauspicious places. but in quiet caves. Ishwar. lustrous Nilalohita Shiva. Mati and Buddhi. Devi. the Equalising air balancing the body parts and stimulating digestive fluid is called Samaana. Samadhi leads to Prajna or Self-Consciousness. Deepti and Prasada are achieved by the Yoga. The above was the outline of Yogaabhyaasa and now to the practice of it: one should not practise Yoga in the surroundings of Fire. dipa sikha or top of an oil-lamp. cleanse up blood and its circulation and sharpness of thinking. Ganesha and others and by resorting to Padma or any other Aaasana . Soma and Surya and then perform meditation of Rudra on the forehead by picturising Shiva in two. Maheswara should be retained in the hridaya or heart. Thus four kinds of Siddhis viz. worm-infested places. Prashanti. concentrate on Parama Shiva in Dhyana on Omkara. Shiva Kshetras. bring about shine of body and mind. Heyopaadeyarahitam Shukshaatsukmataram Shivam/ Swayam Vedyamavedyam taacchivam Janamayam Param/ 6 . of great sound or disturbances. expand his chest. not touch his teeth of one line with another. Khyati. Thus Yoga aided by ‘Asana’ leads to the dynamic circle of Praanayama-Pratyahara-Dharana-Dhyana culminating in Samadhi. Dharana facilitates the holding up of the crucial state of balance. twelve Aditya-samaana.imbalances. the wind enabling ‘Unmeelana’ or of the opening of eyes is Kurma.
Triloka Jnaana or knowledge of the happenings of Three Lokas. Unique as he has no duality). Nishkala. Jnaana Pratibha is the Siddhi of knowing about a Vastu or Vyavahar or of a thing of past. Paraajaya or invincibility and so on.] Depending on the intensity of the success of the Yoga practice and the powers attained by way of 7 . mountain. Nirvana. passing through a needle’s eye and endless such miracles. any specie of a birdanimal-reptile. woman. Yaaksha. Kama Vasitwa (ability to fulfill desires). childhood. in the middle of the Body Shiva of Shuddha Jnaana be concentrated and in the Uttama Marga by the means of Puraka-Rechaka-Kumbhaka or Inhalation-Exhalation and Retention of breathing respectively called Pranayama. Bhranti. Prakamya (Visioning and Hearing). Pramaada. Darshana Siddhi is the ability to perceive or vision of any thing irrespective of time and distance limitations. Vaarta. Parama Jnaana Swarupa. ability to lift mountains. Vasitwa (Self Control). Shravana Siddhi enables a Yogi to hear or understand any kind of sound or conversation or a happening irrespective of distance or time. Aaswaada and Vedana. slimnes. Yatha Sankalpa Samsiddhi or instant fulfillment of desires. A practitioner of Yoga is invariably faced with several kinds of difficulties like Alasya. Raakshasa. Parthiva. Aindra. Adbhuta. Ashraddha or sheer carelessness and laziness. Samshaya chitta or Chanchalata. Mahananda. present or of future. Ashraddha in the path of Darshana. Darshana. water body and so on. Akshara. ‘Devaanaam Saha kreedanam’ or playing with Devas. Bhranti is due to a feeling of Yoga’s ineffectiveness. Adytatmika and Adhi daivika reasons or due to body-mind or God made calamities) and a general mind-set of yoga or no yoga human beings are any way subject to the ups and downs of life! Arogya Vishaya is yet another limitation to Yoga Practice due to a general belief of retaining health from other ways and means of medicines. Shravana. [The normal Siddhis are Anima (miniaturising). Vaartaa Siddhi facilitates the experience of Pancha Tanmatraas of sabda-sparsha-rupa-rasa and gandhas. Pramada is due to fear of Abhyasa or Practice. Aaswaada Siddhi enables tasting any substance and Vedana Siddhi is the power of sparsha to experience the shape. A successful Yoga Practitioner is endowed with ‘Dasha Siddhis’viz. Naashotpatti rahita or who is bereft of birth and termination. Shanta.Ateendriyamanaabhaasam Parama tatwa Paratparam. Jnaanayogya. Atarkya or Unquestionable. Mahima ( Maximising). Paratpara. form or a feature of a person or thing. drink up an ocean. Niralamba. Gaandharva. Moksha. Parakaya Pravesha or ability to enter other’s bodies. Paramaananda. Shubha. Pratibha. Yogaananda. Ateendriya. flying on sky. Sarvopaadhi Nirmuktam Jnaanagamyam Vicharatah/ Adwayam Tamasaschaiva parastaat samsthitam param (Nirmala. In fact a Maha Yogi is stated to possess sixty four kinds of Paisachika. Sarvopaadhi nirmukta. Jnaanarupa. Control of heat and cold. Heyopaaya rahita. Brahma. Samshaya or a feeling of apprehension and negativity of approach. Vyadhi Peeda. Vyaadhi peeda is caused by dhatuvishamata or ill-health and disability. Duhkha durmanstha or misplaced fatalism that human beings are any way subject to ‘Tapatrayaas’ (or of Adhi bhoutika. Sukshmaati Sukshma. Nishreya or devoid of hold . Such Siddhis range from assuming any type of Swarupa of fatness. this Siddhi would infuence or impress others. Anaabhaasa. Brahmaadi Siddhis but he should discard all such powers in the quest of Shivatwa. Isatwa (Rulership). Kaivalya. Duhkha durmanastatha and Arogya Vishaya. Lakshana Rahita. youth.Thus Ishwara be prayed in the Naabhi Sthaana. Amrita. Praajaapatya. old age. Alasya is due to the heavy weight of Body and the resultant lack of preparedness. Doora Shravana and Doora Darshana or distant vision and hearing. man. Vyomatmika.
Shiva appears as of Sweta Varna or of Crystal Clear White Form called Sadyojaatam. in yellow colour as Tatpurusha or as Aghora in dark colour and in Ishana Kalpa he saw Mahadeva as Vishwarupa. Sadyojaata. Brahma visioned Parama Shiva in various Forms: Yathaa twayaadya vai pushto drushtam Brahmaatmakam twaham. Pujyo Lingena Samdehah Sarvadaa Shraddhayaa Dwijaih. The Unfolding of Shiva Tatwa and ‘Pancha Mukha’.controlling the Jnanendriyas and Tatwas. meditate to you and pleae you!) Then Bhagavan affirmed: Avomcha Shraddhayaiveti vashyo Vaarijasambhava! Dhyeyo Lingey twayaa drushtey Vishnunaa payasaam nidhow. Aghora. kindly do indicate to me a way of my worship to you. Drushto mayaa twam Gayatrayaa Deva Deva Maheswaram. He is in Rakta Varna or of blood red colour. Tasmaad Shraddhayaa vashyo drushyah Sheshta Gireyh Sutey. Kena Vashyo Maha Deva dhyeyaha kutra Ghrunaanithey drushyah pujayastathaa Devyaa Vkaktumarhasi Shankara! ( Vaama Deva! Tatpurusha. a Yogi could perform impossibilities but frittering the Siddhis so gained would negate the capacity to accomplish Shivatwa. Peetey Tatpurusham Peetamayamaghorey Krishnameeshwaram/ Ishaanam Vishwarupaakhyo Vishwarupam tadaavamahaam/ (In Sweta Maha Kalpa. Sopi Maamaaha bhaavartham duttam tasmai mayaa pura/ Bhavam Bhaavena Deveshi drushtwaamnaam twadeeshwaram. Shraddhaa Dharmah Parah Sukshmah Shraddhaa Jnaanam hutam tapah. Maheswara! You show me up along with Gayatri. Pujyayah Panchaasya rupena Pavitraih Panchaabhi Dwijaaih/ Bhava Bhaktaadya drushtoham twayaangna Jagadguro. Swetey Swetena varnena drushtwaa Kalpetu maam Shubhey/ Sadyojaatam tathaa raktey Vaamam Pitaamahah. Shraddhaa Swargascha Mokshascha drushyoham shraddhayaa sadaa/ 8 .the Five Faced Once Devi Parvati enquired of Mahadeva as to how to achieve Shivatwa and the latter said smilingly that Brahma too asked a similar query: in reply. Brahma got rather confused then prayed to him as to in which form he should be worshipped: Vaama Tatpurushaaghora Sadyojaata Maheswara. in Rakta Kalpa.
(Kamalodbhava Brahma! I am worthy of being conquered by a devotee’s Shraddha or Sincerity and his/her meditation by all the Five Names as mentioned above. homa. Nandana. rakta lepana and rakta sindura. Brahma was immersed in deep Tapasya facing West and from his tuft a Swarupa emerged suddenly with white complexion and as that Resplendent Form appeared unexpectedly and swiftly. Brahma meditated Bhagavan Shiva looking northward wearing Rakta Vastra and Rakta Varna and there appeared Vaama Deva who was of red colour and red ornaments. Brahma prayed to Tatpurusha stating Tat Purushaaya vidmahey Maha Devaaya dhimahi tanno Rudrah prachodayaat.Vibaahu. Dwaantrih sadgunasamyuktaa meeshwareem Sarato-mukhaam/ 9 . Deva Parvati too thought in a similar manner as Shraddhaa would be the only way by which Shiva could be realised as that was the Parama Dharma. Brahma then saluted the Vaama Deva Form of Mahadeva as follows: Vaama Devaaya namo Jyeshthaaya namah Jyeshthaayanamo Rudraaya namah Kaalaaya namah Kalavikaranaaya namo balavikaranaya namo balaaya namo balapramathanaaya namah Sarva Bhuta damanaaya namo manonmanaaya namah / The disciples around Him were Viraja. Even as Brahma greeted the new Form of Shiva saying Sadyojaatam prapadyaami Sadyo jaataayavai Namo Namah. In the Thirtieth Kalpa named Rakta Kalpa.) The Congregation of Munis then queried Suta Maha Muni to kindly explain the significance of each of the Five Names of Maha Deva and the latter replied that in the twenty ninth or Sweta Lohita Kalpa. Vishnu who is on Ksheera Sagara too worshipped me by the Five Names (of Shiva). Rakta Vastra and Raktaabharana as their foreheads were smeared with rakta chandana. Sunanda. Sukshma Jnaana. Bhavey Bhavenaati bhaveswaam bhavo bhaveybhyaanamah. Brahma then replied that he also felt the same and worshipped Shiva likewise. rakta bhasma. Vishoka and Vishwa Bhavana and these were of Rakta Varna. Innumerable Maharshis performed Tapasya to Vaama Deva and attained Shivatwa. there materialised four disciples of Sadyojata viz. along with the latter appeared a Sacred Cow Swarupa. Vishva Nanda and Upa Nanda who would always be in His presence. that was of Devi Maheswareem : Gaam Vishwarupaam drushey Maheswaramukha -acchytaam. Tapas and the only means of Moksha. Chatush –padaam Chaturvaktraam Chaturhastaam Chatuhstaneem/ Chaturnetraam Chatuhshringeem Chaturdamshtraam Chatur mukheem. Their prayers to Vaama Deva was:Vandey Purna Sashanka mandala nibham vaktram Harasyottaram! In the next Kalpa numbered thirtyone called Peeta Kalpa. The Sishyas prayed to Sadyojata as: Vandeham Salam Kalankarahitam Staanormukham Paschimam. Swarga and so on. Brahma named him Sadyojaata. Brahma did Tapasya to Parama Shiva in the direction of East by assuming Peeta ( Yellow) Varna and Peeta Vastra and there emerged Tatpurusha (Brahma) of everything in Peeta colour donning Peeta VastraAabhushana-Peeta Yagnopaveeta and Peeta Kireeta or Headgear.
At the beginning of Vishwa Kalpa. Krishna Sikha. and who worshipped Parameshwara through Brahma Deva and they too assumed Peeta VarnaPeeta Vastra-Peeta Tilaka and every thing in Yellow colour. black ‘Janevu’ or Holy Thread. Omeeshaana Namastestu Maha Deva namostutey/ Namostu Sarva Vidyaanaa -meeshana Parameshwara. Rudrani. four faces and of Sadgunas or Auspicious Traits). Tila or sesame seed orv atleast by ghee. Curd. four eyes. Namostu Sarva bhutaanaameeshaana Vrishavaahana/ 10 . Brahma prayed to Shankara towards South as he decided to create yet another Amsha of the latter. Aghora Deva’s sons were Krishna. Urine. wearing black Vastra. four mouths. Aishwarya and Vairagya. Brahma Deva initiated Srishti and Devi Saraswati was materialised first and Brahma greeted her saying : Vishwamaalambaradhara Vishwa Yagopavartini Vishwvoshneepaa Vishwagandhaa Vishwamaataa Mahoshtika/ There after. Brahma prostrated before Aghora Rupa and prayed to him as follows: Aghorebhyo taghorebhyo ghoratarebhyah. The erring Brahmanas who committed Maha Patakaas are required to perform (after one lakh Aghora Mantra) seven Agni Homas with Ghee. four damshtras. Stree Hatya. Krishna Kanthadhaari and their prayer to Aghoresha is: Vandey Dakshinameeswarasya kutila bhrubhanga Roudram Mukham. Go hatya. black beads around his neck and was ornamented black too. Sugarcane. Brahma performed ‘parikrama’ to the four-legged Sacred Cow called Gayatri and Maha Deva extolled her as Gayatri. In Praghrutta Kalpa of Black Varna after thousand of Deva years. Matru/Pitru Hatya. Mitru-Guru-Bhraatrum Hatya etc. Milk. Dung. Vaidiki and Vidya! Brahma assured that whosoever performed Japa and puja to her would please them with Shiva Tatwa and Shiva agreed to bestow on them DivyaYoga.(A Vishwarupa-Achyuta Maheswari with four feet. As Devi Gayatri appeared. Besides Gayatri. Krishna Mukha. Sarvebhyaassarva sarvebhyo namastey astu Rudra rupeybhyah for thousand years and Maha Deva was gratified with the Tapasya and blessed that whosoever performed the Aghora Mantra one lakh times would be purified of the most severe sins including: Brahma Hatya Suraapaanam Suvarna steyamevacha or killing of Brahmana. By so performing. the erring humans especially Brahmanas would be observing ‘Prayaschitta’ or atonement of serious sins of even big magnitude including Bhruna Hatya. Brahma Hatya. consuming liquor. there appeared several disciples who were also the close confidants of Gayatri. Brahma created Ishana who was of Shuddha sphatika sankaasam or like Transclucent Prism and Saravaabharana bhushitam or decorated by all kinds of ornaments whom Brahma commended as follows: Vavandey Devameeshaanam Sarveysam Sarvagum Prabhum. Jnaana. four horns. four breasts. swindling gold etc. Bala Hatya. black headgear. Ghee) and also consuming it for physical purification. all his body parts in black. and consequently was materialised Aghora who was black in colour. After the required Havans. the Kartaas are to perform Snaanaas again by reciting the Aghora Mantra through out the night by sprinkling ‘Pancha Gavya’(Mix of Five Products of Cow viz. four hands.
Mati. Neeti. Kaalaa’s Kaala. Sammati. the disciple of Veda Vyasa. while addressing the Sages at Naimisha 11 . Shukla-Krishna. Ishana. Lajja. Brahma Swarupa.Brahmanodhipatey tubhyam Brahmaney Brahma rupiney. Sarva Bhutashwareshaaya Bhutaanaam damanaayacha/ Manonmanaaya Devaaya Namastubhyam Mahaadyutey.Sreshthaaya. Tushti. the Abhava or the One who has not occurred. Kriya and so on. Kaala Varnaaya. Samkhya. Mahadeva. Vaama Devaaya Vaamaaya Namastubhyam Mahaatmaney/ Jyeshthaayachaiva Shreshthaaya Rudraaya varadaayacha. Hemavati. Dhyana. Omkara Murti. Dama. Dhruti. Tapa. Pushti. Sarva Parameshwara. Vama Deva. yet the Bhava or the One who has occurred and is a Great Occurrence. Bhuta damanaaya. Gayatri and Go Swarupa! Such was the significance of Devi Saraswati. Ajanma. Varada or the Bestower of Boons. Vrishabha Vahaana. Medha. Kaala. Brahma Swarupa. Brahmadhipati. Devasha. Vishwa Janani. Vidya. Yah Pathet Sakru deveha Brahmaloka -mavaapnuyat/ ( My salutations to you Ishana. Rudra. Balaaya Balinaam Nityam sadaa Vikaranaayatey/ Bala Pramathanaayaiva Baliney Brahmarupiney. Rudraya. Daya. Bhavodbhava Bhaveshaana maam bhajaswa Mahaadyutey/ Vaamadeva Namas -tubhyam Jeyshthaaya Varadaayacha. Namo Rudraaya Kaalaaya Kalanaaya namo namah/ Namo Vikaranaayaiva Kaalavarnaaya vahniney. Vidya. Sarva Bhuta Swami. Dheya. stated Maha Deva. Jyeshtha. Lohita. she was also Gauri Maya. Manmatha damanaaya. Dervi Sarasvati also got materialised along with Pancha Mukha Rudras.Shanti. Connotation of Omkaara and analysis of Alphabets related to Shiv’s Body Parts (Vishnu’s Prayers to Maha Deva included and Tri Murti seniority analysed) Maharshi Lomarshana. Bala Manthanaaya. Kshama. Kanti. Satya. Pradhana Prakriti. Balaaya. Vidhi Kriya. Sadyojaata. she too who was Chatur Mukhi-Chatur Baahu-Chatur Pada and Chatur-Netri was Viswarupa as she was born in that Kalpa who too had as Brahma Gunas like Yoga. Kaalahantrey! Who ever recites the above Stuti would qualify for Indra and Brahma lokas!) As Shiva was pleased with Brahma’s eulogy. Vikaranaya. Maha Shobha. Sarwa Vidyaa Swaami. Ahimsa. Namo Brahmaadhipataye Shivam mestu Sadaa Shiva/ Omkaara murtey Devesha Sadyojaata namonamah/ Prapadye twaam prapannosmi Sadyojaataaya vai namah/ Abhavecha Bhavey tubhyam tathaa naati bhavey namah. Kaalahantrey Namastubhyam Namastubhyam Mahaatmaney/ Iti stavena Devesham nanaama Vrishabhadhwajam.
the Supreme Bhagavan created Vishnu with the aid of Satwa Guna who was floating on Maha Jala or the Unending Water Sheet and from his navel appeared a lotus with Brahma as materialised with Rajo Guna seated thereon. Makaaramadhya taschaiva naadaantam tasyachomiti/ Suryamandalavadrustwaa varnamaadyam tu Dakshiney. Then there was a reverberating Sound of AUM: Tadaa sama bhavattatra naadou vai Shabda lakshanah. Brahma took the Swarupa of a gigantic ‘Hamsa’ or Swan and flew up with great speed of its own as also of enormous wind power to ascertain the top of the Maha Linga while Vishnu assumed the Swarupa of a black ‘Varaha’ of ten yojanas of height and hundred yojanas of width and slided down the Maha Linga to ascertain its bottom. the latter questioned Vishnu about his antecedents and consequent on mutual arguments about their Supremacy there was a fight. Uttarey Paavaka prakhya mukaaram Purusharshabhah/ Sheetaamshu Mandalaprakhyam Makaaram madhyamam tathaa. the sound of ‘A kaara’ came. Adi madhyantarahita maanandasyaapi kaaranam/ Maatraastistwardha maatram naadaakhyam Brahmasangnitam. Tadaabhavadrushirveda Rusheh saaratam shubham/ Teynaiva Rishinaa Vishnurjnaatawaan Parameswaram/ ( As the sound of AUM emerged from the right side of the Maha Linga. Rukyajurssaama Vedaa vai Maatraa rupena Maadhavah/ Vedashabde -bhya yevesham Vishwaatmaanamachintayat. Omomiti Surasreshtthaah Samyuktah plutalakshanah/ Kimidam twiti samchitya mayaa tishthanmahaaswanam. the extraordinary radiance of 12 . both of them reached there totally fatigued. Lingasya Dakshiney bhaagey tadaapashyat Sanaatanam/ Adya varnamakaaram chouttareytath.Forest described that at the Maha Pralaya or the termination of the Universe after the Maha Yuga. there appeared Sanatana Bhagavan. As neither the Hamasa Rupa Brahma who flew up and up for thousand years nor the Varaha Rupa Narayana who slided down as much time could discover the bottom or the top and returned to the starting point by another thousand years.kshudra sphatikavat Prabhum/ Tureeyaatimamrutam Nishkalam Nirupaplavam. followed by ‘U Kaara’ and ‘Ma kaara’ and the sound in between was the ‘Naada Swarupa’. Nirdwandam Kevalam Shunyam Bhaahyaantara varjitam/ Sa baahyaabhyantaram chaiva Sabaahya abhyantarasthitam. Tasyopari tadaapashyat. from Him. at that very time there appeared a Colossal Agni Linga emitting enormous radiance and heat which neither had a beginning nor end.
‘Ruukaara’ the left kapola. ‘Va’ kara his left side.ja-jja-na’ were his left five hands. ‘oau’ kaara his teeth. Indeed that was the Spring of Ananda or Sheer Joy as also the synthesis of Tri Vedas represented by Tri Murtis and the sure way leading to Maha Deva!) Maharshis who knew Vedas and the Omkara Swarupa of Maha Deva analysed the Alphabets in Sanskrit and explained as follows: ‘A’ kaara’ constituted His broad forehead.ra-la-va-sa-sha’ represented Shiva’s bodydhatus. Yajurveda samaayuktam panchatrimshacchubhaaksharam/ Kalaashtaka samaayuktam Sushvetam Shantikam tathaa. Varnaah shadadhikaah Shashtirasya Mantravarasya tu/ Pancha Mantraastathaa labdhvyaa jajaapa Bhagavaan Harih.termiation. ‘Ya. ‘Ru’ kara his right Kapola. the letter ‘Vaa’ and ‘bha’ kaaras represented his shoulders. ‘lu lu’is the partition of his nasal divisions.gha-jnaa’ constituted his five right hands while the consonants ‘cha-ccha. the consonants ‘Ka-kha-ga. ‘U’kaara his Southern Ear. ‘ha’ kara represented His Atma and ‘Kha’ kaara denoted Shiva’s anger. ‘E’ kaara was the left Eye.kaaras his big lips. Vishwatah paada vadanam Vishwatokshikaram Shivam/ 13 . ‘ea’. other two sets of consonants viz. Trayodasha kalaa yuktam Baalaadyaih saha lohitam/ Saamodbhavam Jagastyadyam vriddhi samhaara kaaranam. ‘ta-tha-da-dha-na’ and ‘pa-pha-ba-bha-ma’ were his right and left five feet respectively. As Vishnu visioned Maha Deva along with Devi Uma he extolled Parama Shiva as follows: Omkaara prabhavam mantram Kalaa panchaka samyutam. AtharvamasitamMantram Kalaashtaka samaayutam/ Abhichaarika Mantyartham Triyaamstrishubhaaksharam. of Purity and Immunity and of no beginning-middle. Shiva’s ‘udara’ or belly represented ‘paa’ kaara. devoid of Duality. Aghoradhrudayam twadyam Vaama guhyam Sadaasivam/ Sadyah paadam Mahadevam Mahaabhogendra bhushanam. This Form was Unique. ‘Aa’ kaara his left ear.Surya came from the Northern direction as the pious form of U kara or of Pavaka. Gayatri prabhavam Mantram haritam vashyakaarakam/ Chaturvimshati varnaadhyam Chatuhkalamanuttamam. Makara was of Chandra Mandala and above it was the Suddha Sphatika Rupa or Pure Crystal Form representing Maha Deva in Tureeya Awastha or the Prime and Pristine Form. Shuddha sphatika sankaasham Shubhaashtatrimshadaksharam/ Medhaakaramadudbhuyaha Sarva dharmaartha saadhakam. ‘pha’ kara his right side of his body. Atha drushtwaa kalaavanamrugyajuhssama rupina/ Ishaanmameesha mukutam Purushaasyam Puraatanam. the letter ‘Ma’ kaara his ‘Uridaya’ or heart. of Sunya or Nothingness.
Atharva Veda Swarupa. Vishnu performed meditation of Shiva for good time with the aid of the ‘Pancha Akshara Mantra’ viz. Aghotaati ghoraaya Sadyojaataaya ramhasey/ Ishaanaaya Smashaanaaya Ativegaaya Veginey. Vukaaraadi Devaaya Vidyaadehaaya vai namah/ Triteeraaya Makaaraaya Shivaaya Paramaatmaney. Sarva Dharmaartha Sadhaka. Shivaaya Shiva Lingaaya Vyaapiney Vyoma vyaapiney/ Vaayavey Vaayu vegaaya Namastey Vaayuvyaapiney. Tejasey Tejasaam Bhartrey namasteyjo vyaapiney/ Jalaaya Jala bhutaaya Namastey Jalavyaapiney. Aghora Mantra Hridaya!) Having thought of Maha Deva on the above lines. Maha Deva was extremely delighted at the thoughts of Vishnu as also of the Japa of the Panchaakshari of Om Namassivaaya and materialised himself before Vishnu. Namostu Shruti paadaaya Urdhwalingaaya Linginey/ Hemalingaaya Hemaaya Vaari Lingaaya chaambhasey. Shivaaya Shaiva mantraaya Sadyojaataaya vedhasey/ Vaamaaya Vaama devaaya Varadaamrutaaya tey. Maha Sarpa bhushana. he wears a transparent Sphatika Maala. Prithivyai chantarikshaaya Prithivivyapiney Namah/ Shabda sparsha swarupaaya rasagandhaaya gandhiney.Om Namaashivaaya. Ishaana. Purana Purusha. Suryaagni Soma varnaaya Yajamaanaaya vai Namah/ Agnaye Rudra rupaaya Rudraanaam pataye namah. Shanta. Abhicharika mantra Swarupa. Srishti-Sthiti-Samharaka. The much gratified Parameswara appeared before Vishnu and the latter commended Maha Deva as follows: Ekaaksharaaya Rudraaya Akaaraatma rupiney. Gayatri Mantra Prabhu. Three Veda swarupa. Regulator of Twenty Varnas. Maha Buddhi yukta. Tushtaava punarishtaabhirvakbhir varadameeshwaram/ (Shiva is the symbol of Omkara Mantra. the Swarupa of Thirteen Kalas. Controller of Thirty three Letters. three sixty eight lettered Deva. Shaswataaya Varishthaaya vaari garbhaaya Yoginey/ 14 . Sweta. Ganaadhipataey tubhyam guhyaadguhyatamaaya tey/ Anantaaya Virupaaya Anantaanaamayaya cha.Brahmanodhipatim Sarga Sthita Samhaara kaaranam.
Vipaashaaya Supaashaaya Namastey Paashanaashiney/ Suhotraaya Havishyaya Subrahmanyaaya Suriney. Namah Shivaaya Rudraaya Pradhaanaaya Namo Namah/ Trigunaaya Namastubhyam Chaturvyuhaatmaney Namah.yaabhasmjaam. Shatarupa Virupaaya Namah Ketumatey sadaa/ Ruddhi shoka vishokaaya Pinaakaaya apardiney. Sanakaaya Namastubhyam Sanaatana Sanandana/ Sanatkumara Saarangamaaranaaya Mahatmaney. Atmaney Rishaye tubhyam Swaaminey Vishnavey Namah/ 15 . Shaswataaya Varishthaaya Vaarigarbhaaya Yoginey/ Achetanaaya Chintyaaya chetanaasa haariney. Sumukhaaya Suvaktraaya durdamaaya damaaya cha/ Kankaaya Kanka rupaaya Kankinikruta pannaga. Samsaaraaya Namastubhyam Samsaara hetavey/ Mokshaaya Moksharupaaya Moksha Katrey Namo Namah. Swetaaya Swetavarnaaya tuhinaadricharanaayacha/ Suswetaaya Suvaktraaya Namah Swetashikhaaya cha/ Swetaasyaaya Mahaasyaya Namastey Sweta lohita/ Sutaaraaya Visishtaaya Namo Dundhubhiney Hara. Madhey Avayormadhya varchasey goptey hatrey sadaa katrey Nidhanaay –esewaraayacha/ Achetanaaya Virupaaya Anantaa naamayaayacha.Samsthitaa. sarasvataaya Meghjaay Meghavaahana tey Namah/ Suvaahaaya Vivaahaaya Vivaada varadaayacha. Lokaakshiney Tridhaamaaya Namo Virajasey sadaa/ Shankha paalaaya Shankhaaya Rajasey Tamasey namah. Arupaaya Surupaaya Anangaanga haariney/ Bhasma digdha shariraaya Bhanu Somaagni hetavey.
Ekaadasha vibhedaaya Staanavey tey Namah sadaa/ Namah Somaaya Suryaaya Bhavaaya Bhava haariney. Shikhiraaya namastubhyam Nilakanthaaya vai Namah/ Artha Naareeshwaraaya Avyataaya Namonamah. Brahmaney chaiva Bhutaanaam Sarvjnaaya Namo Namah/ Mahatmaney Namastubhyam Prajnaarupaaya vai Namah.Namo Bhagavatey tubhyam Naaaanaam pataye Namah. Mahadevaaya Devaanaameeshwaraaya Namo namah/ Sharvaaya cha Namastubhyam Satyaaya Shamanaayacha. Kapardiney Namastubhyam Naagaanga abharanaaya cha/ Vrishaarudhaaya Sarvasya hatrey katrey Namonamah. Namah Shrikanthanaathaaya Namo likuchapaanaye/ Bhuvaneshaaya Devaaya Vedashastra namostutey. 16 . Veera Raamaati Raamaaya Ramanaathaayatey Vibho/ Namo Raajaadhi Raajaayan Rajnaamadhigataayatey. Namo Hiranya garbhaaya Adi Devaaya tey namah/ Namostwajaaya Pataey Prajaanaam Vyuha hetavey. Hiranya baahavey tubhyam Namastey Hema retasey/ Neela keshaaya Vitthaaya Shitikanthaaya vai namah. Namah Paalaadhipataye Paalaahaankrutatey namah/ Namahkeyura bhushhaaya gopatey tey namonamkah. Chitaey Chiti Rupaaya Smriti rupaaya vai Namah/ Jnaanaaya Jnaana gamyaaya namastey samvidey sadaa. Omkaaraaya Namastubhyam Sarvgnaaya Namo Namah/ Sarvaaya cha Namastubhyam Namo Naraayanaayacha. Saarangaaya Namastubhyam Rajahamsaaya tey namah/ Kanakaangada haaraaya Namah Sarpopavartiney. Yashaskaraaya Devaaya Shankaraayeshwaraayacha/ Namombikaadhi -pataey Umaayaah pataey Namah.
Samsara Bharana. Veda Garbha. Brahma addressed all the Devas stating that who so ever recited the above Stuti by Vishnu in favour of Parama Shiva or had it recited by a Veda Vidwan would attain Brahma Loka. Kankarupa. Varishtha. Nilakantha. Shiva Linga. Akaara Swarupa. So saying Parameshwara disappeared and having heard the decree of Parameshwara. Atyanta Ghora. Jala Swarupa. Ishaana. Sarvajna. Rajo Guna. Sparsha-Rasa-Gandha Rupa. Nandeswara. Thus the overall responsibility rested with Vishnu who also specifically took over the charge of Preservation additionally while Brahma was responsible for Creation and Shiva for Termination. Smashaana Rupa. Bhuvaneshwara. Sarpa bhushana Sharira. Megha. Parama Shiva! As Vishnu commended Maha Deva. Sura. Sweta Lohita. Sanandana. Sthanu . while Brahma took up the duty of Creation and Shiva the responsibility of extermination. Ramanatha. Parameshwara appointed Tri Murtis for their respective responsibilities. Narayana. Parama Yogi. Rudra Swami. Ati Vega Shaali. Sweta Sikha. Hema Linga. Kamadeva harana. Kankaaya. Shankha. Shiva Mantra. Rudra. Guhya. Shruti Paada. Vishnu Swami. this was the Ordinance of Parameshwara. Rishi. Swami. Yasha. the Symbol of Vidya. he who is worthy of providing Jnaana to Jnaana itself! Shekhara. Shiva appeared in the Padma Kalpa and Vishnu took over the over-all responsibility plus Universal Upkeep. As predicted by Parameshwara. Vishnu also described about the extensive efforts made by him and Brahma by assuming the Forms of Varaha and Hamsa respectively for over thousand years but to no avail! Mahadeva replied that he was far superior and far beyond to BrahmaVishnu-Ishwara as He was Parameshwara who had no beginning or middle or end. Keyuraabharana. He further said that in the ensuing Padma Kalpa He would appoint Vishnu as the Over all Chief of the Universe as its Creator. Subrahmanya. Shiva Swarupa.) As Maha Deva was pleased with the Stuti by Vishnu. Deva.Ananta. Omkara Swarupa. Saprahaari. Aghora. Artha Naareshwara. Soma. Vittha or Cash. Megha Vahana. Hiranyagarbha. Paalanakara Swami. Garbha Jala. Makara Swarupa. Agni Swarupa. Raja Hamsa. Bharta or the Preserver. Shankara. then what role did Shiva had in addition! Vishnu then replied: Don’t you 17 . Vaama Deva. Karta or the Creator. the latter requested to resolve the dispute between him and Brahma about their supremacy as also about the Beginning and End of the Mammoth Shiva Linga. Sarva. Surya-Agni-Chandra Varna. Sarvajna. Moksha Swarupa. Sundara Mukha. Umapati. the Eyes of Samsaara. Vishwa Rupa. Durdamana. Satya.Vishnu then asked Brahma to welcome and to pray to Shiva of the Tri Murtis but as Brahma had reservations. Atman. the Bestower of Amritwa. Ishwara. Tejaswai. Vaama. Yajamana Swarupa. Bhagavan. Vishnu cajoled and brought around Brahma by affectionately treating him. Jala Samana Vyapaka. Preserver and Terminator but would like to give the responsibility of Creation to Brahma and of terminating to Shiva who too would appear at the beginning of the Padma Kalpain the offing. Ganaadhipati. Bhasma lipta Sharira. Maha Deva disappeared and for all practical purposes. Agni-Chandra-Kaarana Rupa.Sarpa kundala maalaaya kati sutreekrutaahiney/ Vedagarbhaaya garbhaaya Vishwagarbhaaya tey Shiva! ( My salutations to you Ekakshara Rupa. Suhotra. Vayu Samaana Vega. Saarasvata. Bipaasha. Baahu Dharana Sarpa Sutra. Bhava. Surya. Nilakesha. You are Prithvi. Paapa Naashana. Saranga. Ruddhi-Shoka-Vishoka Swarupa. Sarpa Yagnopaveeta dhari. Sanaka sanaatana. Deva. Himaati Sweta Swarupa. Adi Deva. Shiva. Yashapradata. Rajaadhiraaja. Guhyaati Guhya. Samsara garbha dhaari. Avyakta. Trishula Dhaari. Aswarupa. Antarikshha. Aakasha Vyaapi. Urthwa Linga. Maha Deva. Sweta Varna. Sanat Kumara. Adi Deva. Moksha. Swarna Swarupa. Tamo Guna. Sarpakundala maalaa dhara. Rudra Rupa. Shankha paala. Shrikantha (Vishnu) Natha. By so saying. Ishana. the latter said that if Vishnu were the Yoni and Brahma was the Beeja. Kapardi. Havishya. Sharva. Ambika Pati. Pinaaki. Jala Bhuta.
Brahma was astonished. Namastey Hyasmadaadeenaam Bhutaanaam Prabhavey Namah/ 18 . Ulbam tasya mahotsedho yosou Kanaka Parvatah/ Tatascha pratisandhyaatmaa Deva Devo Varah Prabhuh. Antey Varsha sahasrasya Vaayunaa tadhvidha krutam/ Kapaalamekam dyourjajney kapaalamaparam kshitih. The Parama Maha Tatwa is Shiva and the embodiment of Atma Jnaana which again is Paramdhama. Chandra. Hiranmayakupaarey yonyaamandamajaayata/ Shataani dasavarshaanaamangmapsu pratishthitam. Puraa . Pancha Bhutas. Nakshatras. humbled and overcome by involuntary emotions of devotion and joined Vishnu Deva in a his Commendation addressed to Maha Deva. and so on.) Vishnu further described that Parameswara created Sunya Akaasha. the Upper Half being the Upper Lokas and the Lower Half as Prithvi with Hiranya Garbha Chaturmkukha inside. Pranava. Surya.prathamamlingodbhavam beejam twaadisargikam/ Mama yonow samaayutam tadbeejam kaalaparyayat. Namastubhyam Bhagavatey Suvrataananta tejasey/ Namah Kshetraadhi patey Beejiney Shuliney Namah. Such is the Glory of Shiva who is Veda Stuti Yogya! Thus Vishnu explained the Parama Tatwa of Mahesha. Trigunas. Mahatah Paramam Dhaama Shivamadhyaatminaam Param/ Dwividhamchaiva maatmaanam pravibhajya vyaksthitah. He is divided into two parts: one as the Nishkala-Avyakta-Adyanta Rahita and another is Sakala and Saguna Swarupa responsible for yielding Hiranya Brahmanda which floated in Maha Samudra for thousand years and with the interaction of Vayu got broken to two pieces.underestimate the magnificence of Shiva! Asmaan Mahattaram Bhutam Guhyama –nnyatra Vidyatey. Nishkalatra yoga vyaktah Sakalascha Maheswarah/ Yasya Mayaavidhijnasya Agamyagahanasyacha. Sumendrayaachaarya mendraaya Dandiney Ruksharetasey/ Namo Jyeshthaaya Sreshthaaya Purvaaya Pramathaayacha. Namo Maanyaaya Pujyaaya Sadyojaataaya vai Namah/ Gahwaraaya Ghateshaaya Vyomacheeraambaraaya cha. Hiranya garbho Bhagavanstwabhijajney Chaturmukhaha/ (There is no better Entity than Parama Shiva and there is no matter superior than His. Agni.
19 . Mahoushadheenaam prabhavey Vrukshaanaamprabhavey namah/ Dharma Vrikshaaya Dharmaaya sthitinaam prabhavey namah. Namah pashunaampataye Govrushendra dhwajaaya cha/ Prajaa -pateenaam pataye Siddhinaam Purushey namah. Kshanaanaam prabhavey chaiva Lavaanaam prabhavey namah/ Ahoraatraardha maasaanaam Maasaanaam prabhavey namah. Prabhavecha Paraadhasya parasya prabhavey namah/ Namo rasaanaamprabhavey stanaanaam prabhavey namah.Vedaanaam Prabhavey chaiva Smruteenaam Prabhavey Namah. Adreenaam prabhavey chaiva Varshaanaam Prabhavey namah/ Namo Nadeenaam prabhavey Nadaanaam prabhavey namah. Pitrunaam pataye chaiva Pashunaam pataye namah/ Vagvrushaaa namastubhyam Puraana Vrishabhaaya cha. Namo Dhruva nibaddhaanaamrusheenaam Prabhavey Namah/ Prabhavey Karmadaanaanaam dravyaanaam prabhavey namah. Namo yogasya prabhavey Saamkhyasya prabhavey namah/ Rukshaanaam prabhavey tubhyam grahaanaamprabhavey namah. Namo Vishwasya prabhavey Brahmaadhipataye namah/ Vidyaanaam prabhavey chaiva Vidyaadhipataye namah. Namah Puraana prabhavey sargaanaam prabhavey namah/ Manvantaraanaam prabhavey Yogasya prabhavey namah. Rutunaam prabhavey tubhyam samkhyaayaah prabhavey namah/ Prabhavey paraardhasya Paraartha prabhavey namah. Chaturvidhasya sargasya prabhaveynanta chakshusey/ Kalpodaya nibandhaanaam Vaataanaam prabhavey namah. Vaidyutaashaani meghaanaam garjita prabhavey namah/ Mahodadheenaam prabhavey Dwipaanaam prabhavey namah. Namo Vrataadhi pataye Vrataanaam prabhavey namah/ Mantraanaam prabhavey tubhyam Mantraadhi pataye namah.
Deepta shringaika shringaaya Vrishabhaaya kakuthiney/ Namah Sthairyaaya Vapushey tejasaanuvrataayacha. Pratyudeernaaya Deepataaya Tatwaayaatigunaayacha/ Namah Paashaaya Shastraaya Namastwaabharanaayacha. Namostu Lakshmi pataye Shripaaya Kshiti paayacha/ Balaabala samuhaaya Akshobhyakshobanaayacha.Daityadaanava sandhaanaam rakshasaam pataye namah/ Gandhravaanaam cha pataye Yakshaanaam pataye namah. Ateetaaya bhavishyaaya Vartamaanaaya vai namah/ Suvarchase cha Veeryaaya Shuraaya hyajitaaya cha. Hutaaya Upahutaaya Prahutapraashitaaya cha/ Namostwashtaaya Purtaayua Agnishtoma dwijaayacha. Namo Bandhaaya Mokshaaya Swargaaya Narakaayacha/ Namo Bhavaaya Devaaya Ijjyaaya Yaajakaayacha. Garudoraga sarpaanaam pakshinaampataye namah/ Sarva guhya Pishachaanaam Guhyaadhipataye namah. Janaaa cha namastubhyam tapasey Varadaayacha/ Anavey Mahatey chaiva Namah Sarvagataayacha. Namo Suraanaam pataye Ganaanaampataye namah/ Ambhasaam pataye chaiva Ojasaam pataye namaha. Namah Pushtipradaanaaya Susheelaaya Susheeliney/ Ateetyaaya Bhavishyaaya Vartamaanaayatey namah. Gokarnaayacha goptrey cha Shankhu karnaaya vai namah/ Varaahaaya prameyaaya Ruksha virajaaya cha. Varadaaya Varenyaaya Purushaaya Mahaatmaney/ Namo Bhutaaya Bhavyaaya Mahatey prabhavaayacha. Suvarchasecha Veeryaaya Shuraaya hyjitaayacha/ 20 . Sadasyaaya Namas chaiva Dakshinaavabhruyaayacha/ Ahimsaayaa pralo –bhaaya Pashu mantroushadhaaya cha.
Namo Bhutaaya Bhavyuaaya Mahatey chaabhayaayacha/ Jaraasiddha Namastubhyamayasey Varadaayacha. Namah Eejyaaya Pujyaaya Upajeevyaayanamah/ Namah Kshemyaaya Vriddhaaya Vatsalaaya namo namah. Suveeraaya Sughoraaya Akshobhya kshobhanaayacha/ Suprajaaya Sumedhaaya Deeptaaya Bhaskaraayacha. Namo Havyaaya Kavyaaya Havya vaahaaya vai namah/ Namah Siddhaaya Medhyaaya Ishtaayejyaa paraayacha. Vishwaaya Vishwarupaaya Vishwatahj shirasey namah/ Sarvatah paani paadaaya Rudraayaa pratimaayacha. Namo Gauraaya Shyaamaaya Kadravey Lohitaayacha/ Mahaasandhyaabhra varnaaya Chaaru deeptaaya deekshiney. Namo Buddhaaya Shuddhhaaya Vistrutaaya mataayacha/ Namah Sthulaaya Sukshmaaya Drushyaa –drushya Sarvashah. Varshatey jwalatey chaiva Vaayavey shishiraaya cha/ Namastey akra keshaaya Uruh Vakshahshikhaaya cha/ Namo Namah Suvarnaaya Tapaneeya nibhaayacha/ Virupaakshaaya Lingaaya Pingalaaya Mahoujasey. Namo Bhutaaya Satyaaya Satyaasatyaaya vai namah/ Namo vai Padma varnaaya Mrityughnaaya cha Mrityavey. 21 . Pishitaaya pishangaaya peetaaya cha Nishanginey/ Namstey Sarva Seshaaya Nirvimsheshaaya vai Namah. Adharey Mahatey chaiva Namah Sastu pataayacha/ Namahschandriya patraanaam lelihaanaaya stragviney. Namah Kamala hastaaya digvaasaaya Kapardiney/ Apramaanaaya Sarvaaya Avyayaayamaraaya cha. Vrishtighnaaya Namas chaiva Namah Sowmyekshanaaya cha/ Namo Dhumraaya Swetaaya Krishnaaya Lohitaayacha.Varadaaya Varenyaaya Purushaaya Mahaatmaney.
Jatiney Mundiney chaiva Vyala Yajnopaveetiney/ Namostu Nrityasheelaaya Upanritya priyaayacha. Chitraaya Chitra veshaaya Chitra varnaaya medhasey/ Chekitaanaaya tushtaaya Namastey nihitaaya cha. Sikatyaaya Pravaahyaaya shitaaya prasru chaayacha/ Sumedhasey kulaalaaya Namastey shashi khandiney. Kaamadaaya Varishthaaya Kaamaanga dahanaayacha/ Rangey Karaala Vakitraaya Nagendra vadanaaya cha. Daityaanaamanta keshaaya Daityaankrada karaayacha/ Himaghmnaaya cha teekshnaaya ardracharma dharaayacha. Lolihaaya krutaantaaya tigmaayudha dharaayacha/ Pramodaaya Sammodaaya yati vedyaaya teynamah. ManyaveyGeeta sheelaaya Munibhirgaayatey namah/ 22 .Namo Rupaaya Gandhaaya Shashvataayaakshataayacha/ Purastaad Brahmatey chaiva Vibhraantaaya krutaaya cha. Smashaana rati nityaaya namostulmukadhaariney/ Namastey praana paalaaya Munjamaalaadharaaya cha/ Graheena shokairvividhair bhutaih parivritaayacha/ Naranaari shariraaya Devyaah Priya karaaya cha. Duragmaaya Meheshaaya Krodhaaya Kapilaaya cha/ Tatkryaatarkya shareeraaya baliney ramhasaayacha. Anaamayaaya Sarvaaya Maha kaalaaya vai namah/ Pranavapranaveshaaya Bhaganetraantakaayacha. Puraghnaaya Sushastraaya dhanvinetha parashvadhey/ Pusha danta vinaashaaya Bhaga netraantatakaayacha. Mriga Vyaadhaaya Dakshaaya Daksha yagnaantakaayacha/ Sarva Bhutaatmabhutaaya Sarvey shaantishayaaya cha. Namah Kshaantaaya Daantaaya Vajrasimhananaayacha/ Rakshoghnaaya Vishaghnaaya Shitikanthordhwa manyavey.
Valgatey keedatey chava lambodara shaririney/ Namokrutyaaya krutyaaya Mundaaya keekataaya cha. Namastokaaya tanavey gunairapra.mitaaya cha/ Namo Gunyaaya Guhyaaya Agamyagamanaayacha. Vibhishanaaya Bhishmaaya Bhaga Pramathanaaya cha/ Siddhasanghaanu geetaaya Mahaabhaagaaya vai Namah. Japo japyo Maha Devo Maha Yogo Maheswarah/ Pureshaayo Guhaavaasi khecharo rajaneecharah. Namo Mridaaya shvasatey Dhaavateydhisthitey Namah/ Dyaayatey Jrumbhatey chaiva rudatey dravateynamah. Kanthastey Shobhatey Shriman Hema sutra vibhushitah/ Damshtaakaraalam Dhurdharshamanoupamyam mukham tathaa. Namo Muktaattahaasaaya Kshveditaasphotitaaya cha/ Nardatey kurdatey chaiva Namah Prasuditaatmaney. Padma maalaa krutoshneesham Shiro dyouh shobhatedhikam/ Deeptih Surye Vapushchandre sthairyam Shailanileybalam. Dishou Dashabhujaastubhyam Keyuraangada bhushitaah/ Visteernaparinaahascha Nilaanjanachayopamah. 23 . Nama Unmattha dehaaya kinkinikaaya vai namah/ Namo Vikruta veshaaya kruraayamarshinaayacha. Loka dhaatri twiyam Bhumih Paadou Sajjana sevitou/ Sarveshaam Siddha yogaanaamadhishtaanam tavodaram.Katankataaya tigmaaya Agnipriyaaya Priyaya cha. Aprameyaaya goptrey cha deeptaayaa nirgunaayacha/ Vaama priyaya Vaamaaya Chudaamani dharaayacha. Madhyantariksham vistreenam Taaraagana vibhushitam/ Swaateh patha ivaabhaati Shrimaan haarastavorasi. Aoushnamagnou tathaa shaityamapsu shabdombarey tathaa/ Aksharaantara nishpandaadrunaaneytaan vidurbudhaah.
the ‘Ahoratraas’ or the days and nights. the Word ‘Mahat’ or Magnificence would indeed signify yourself. Sarva Praana Swami! My salutations to you to the Prabhu of Vedas and Smritis and all the inputs like money and material required for spiritual deeds. Viraja. Gahara. Suraganaa etc. Gotra. the great Aoushadhis or medicines. Vratadaayika Swami. and its various manifestations. Kshetraadhi patey. the Rasaas. You are the ‘Paraartha’or the Spiritual Quest.Taponidhirguha gurur -nadano Nanda vardhanah/ Haya seersho payodhaataa Vidhaataa Bhurabhavanah. the Bhupati or the King. You are the Swarga and Naraka Swarupa signifying Salvation or Bliss and Punishment and 24 . the Master of Pitreeshwaras. Varada or the Bestower of Boons. Ghatesha. Brahmachaarichagaadhascha Brahmanyah sishta pujitah/ Shivonobhava sarvatra yosi sosi Namostutey/ (Hey Ananta Teja. the Rithus or the Seasons like Spring and Autumn. Agnih Sadaarnavaabhastwam pibannaapi na truyasey/ Omkaarah Prasannatmaa kaamadah kaamagah priyah. The Topmost Mount of the highest Mountain of Supreme Illumination. (Power Essence or Semen present in males and females). You are the Yoga Prabhu. Suvrata. besides being the instruments like Maharshis and Grahas. Brahmadhipati. You are the Suraveera or the Embodiment of Strength and Courage. Pischacha. Vishwa Prabhu. Jyeshtha. Mantra Prabhu. You are as miniscule as an atom and as Colossal that is unparalelled! You are the symbol of Bandhana-Moksha or of Freedom from Shackles. Gokarna. the Maasaas or the Months. Ruksha. Sarpa. Bodyavyo bodhitaa Netaa Dhurdharsho Dushprakampanah/ Bruhadhratho Bheemakarma Bruhadkirti Dhananjayah. Vrishendra dhwaja. Manvantara Prabhu. the Swami of Garuda. its very existence. You are the ‘Ateeta’or Beyond Approach. Prabho! You are Swami of Jala / Water. Pujya. Shankuka Karna. Aghasmaronaghah Shuro Devarajotrimardanah/ Twam prasadya puraasmaabhirdwishanto nihataa yudhi. You are the ‘Vartamana’ or of the Present Tense or of the Ongoing Time Frame. the Ratnaas. Bhagavan. You are the Master of Yoga and Sankhya which are the significant means of Salvation. the Pakshaas or the Fortnights. You are the ‘Bala’or Physical Strength as also the ‘Abala’ or of Weakness. the Lord of Lakshmi Devi. Ghantaapriyo Dhwaji Chhatri Pinaakini Dhwajanipatih/ Kavachi pattishi khadgi dhanurhastah Paramashvadhi. the Pashupati. Trees. you are the Dharma. Beeja Swarupa. Pakshis and various other species. the Supreme of Gandharva-Yaksha-Daitya-Danavas. you are also the Head of Vaaraaha. You are also the Bhavishya or of the Happenings Ahead in the Future. You are the Lord as also of the Swarupa of the endless beings of Srishti like Rivers. the Master of Prajaapatis. You are also the ‘Bhuta’ or a Being but as the Unique and the Most Notable among the Creations of the Beings. the Swami of ‘Ojas’. the Para which is unaffected by Pancha Indriayas. Manya. Shuli. Shreshtha. Guhya. the Sreshtha Purusha or the Most Illustrious and the Best Purusha or Prime Male. You are the Most Ancient Prabhu performing the task of Sarga or Creatin. the Master of the Masters of Vidya. Sadyojaata. Bhagavan! You are the Master of Vidya or Knowledge.
Madhya. Bhasma Snaana and Mantra Snaana. tila. You are Vidhaata. Sarva Karma rata or engaged in any type of deed. Kavacha or 8Shield. You are Buddhi. Casual or normal Snaana was insignificant and would have no impact whatso ever. Sweta.Retribution! You are the ‘Hutaagni’ or the Fire of ‘Homas’/ Sacred Agni Karyaas and also the Upahuta or the Deputy who assists in performing of the Sacred Deed. Adrushya or Unseeable or Imperceptible. Preface to ‘Lingaarchana’. the Maharshi stated that once Devi Parvati also enquired of the same and Shiva Himself revealed the Procedure: To start with a devotee of Shiva should purify himself by a ‘Shuddha Snaana’ or a formal bathing and three kinds of Snaana were mentioned viz. Mahadeva! You are a Brahmachari. Sarvesha! You are Virupaaksha. while applying gobar or cow dung. Dhuman. You Pameswara area an epitome of Great Radiance. Drushya or the Visionable.You are Pinakini or the Holder of Bow and Arrow called Pinaka. Chitra. Brahmana. Sughora. then perform three ‘Aachamanas’ or sips of spoonful of water while reciting the Mantra: Apavitrah pavitrovaa sarvaavasthaangatopiva. Sukshma (Tiny). Pingala. utilise materials like Mrittika. Saviroha. Chitra vesha. Krodhi. You are ever resplendent. Pujya. Vruddha. You wear Chudaamani or Crest Jewel. Ghanta Priya or fond of Bells. Ishta. pushpa. Then clean up the body by downing it in the water body a few times and then change the unclean Vastra to a dry and clean Vastra. Kapila. Vishwa Rupa. bhasma and kusha and apply ‘Mrittika’ (Earth) or along with water and recite the Mantra :Udgataasi vartaahena and clean up the body parts. Bhuta Bhavana. cowdung. Parama Siva! My Salutations again and again. of Dhwajas or Flags and of Chhatras or Umbrellas. Chitra Varna. Parameswara! You roam about and even reside in Smashaanaas or burial grounds! You are the Preserver of Praana or Life. Kamala dhaari. the devotee has to first concentrate and keep Shiva in the ‘dhyaana’/sincere and targetted focus and then resort to prayer to Suryan Deva. You sport a serpents as a Yagnopaveetas or as Holy Threads around and down his neck on the back and front of his upperbody! You even were a repulsive physique and disgusting profile. You are ‘Vaama’ and Vaamapriya. Varuna Snaana. You carry gold chain as Brahma Sutra around the neck and a Lotus circling his head. Vrishti or Abundant. You wear garlands of Skulls! You are ‘Ardhanaareswara’ or Demi Male and Demi Female. yet as a Nirguna or devoid of Characteristics. Tarkya (Arguable) and Atarkya. Vatsala. Upajeevya. Padma Varna. You do share the Divya Bhogaas yet completely bereft of desires. Kapardi. Sthula / Gross. Krodha or Anger and Krodhi or who is angry. 25 . Vishwata. ‘Kavya’(Sacrifice in favour of Pitras) and Hutavaaha (Agni). Vishwa. Nilakantha. Parama Linga. or atleast during Shraaddhaas or Yajnas or Avabhruta Snaanaas after the Yajna would qualify for the performance of several Ashwamedha Yagnas and Shiva Loka Prapti. With precollected water in a shankha or conchshell or atleast in a bowl of Kushaa.) Suta Maha Muni informed the Congregation of Munis at Nimisha Forest that whoso ever recites the above Stuti every day. Sishta. Pujya. You indeed are of Asankhya Tatwaas or coultless features. You are Siddha. Suveera. I bow my head to you Rudra! You are the ‘Havya’(Havana). and Khadga. Anaama or Nameless and Ardra Charma Dhari or Dressed in WetSkin. Kshemya. Prasanna. Shuddha. the Mantra to be recited would be Gandhaa -dwaaraam dhuraadharshaam nitya pushtaam kareeshineem and so on. your body shines with the unusual illumination of Surya and Chandra. ‘Pancha Yagna’ and ‘Lingaarchana Vidhana’ (Trayambika Mantra explained) As Rishis asked Lomaharshana Maharshi as to the Procedure of Lingaarchana or Worship the Shiva Linga. recite prayers to Surya-Chandra-Agni and Varuna. Mahesha. You are Haya sirsha or of a head like horse.
before taking up Sandhyopasana. sprinkle the mix of‘Kushaagra’or the top of Kusha grass. Urvaarukameva bandhanaat Mrutyormuksheeya Maamrutat/ (OM. Maamrutaat: kindly bestow to us the rejuvenating Amritam or Nectar). This would be followed by initiating ‘ Manasika or ‘Pratyaksha’ Abhisheka of Linga with the Invocation of Trayambika Mantra and its explanation Om Trayambakam yajaamahe sugandhim pushtivardhanam. Pitru Devas are pleased by Shraadhhas and Tarpanaas. Manushya Yagna. Tamala etc. fill up with the ‘Churna’or the powder mix of Karpura (Camphor). He should clean up the area and decorate the surroundings of Shiva Linga with Gandha and Chandana. Thereafter perform ‘Punaraachamana’with the water from the shankha or the bowl made of kusha grass as the case that may be. Devas are pleased by Agni Homas. and pour the mixture of water and Bhasma or Sacred Ash -the left over of previous Agni Homas. Om Tatpurushaya Vidhmahe Maha Devavaaya dhimahi tanno Rudra prachodayaat/ also the Panchaakshari Mantra viz. Pushtivardhanam or may the Creator promote our well-being. Yajaamahe or we sing your glory. Pitru Yagna and Brahma Yagna. While Nandi Deva is seated in the vicinity of the Shiva Linga. The Pancha Yagnas comprise Deva Yagna.Yassmaret Pundareekaahsham sa bahyaantaraassuchih/ This would be followed by the Aghamarshana Mantras viz. apply chandana around the Paadya Patra as Pranava Mantra is recited. Maharshi Lomavarshana now described the actual Procedure of Rudraabhisheka as follows: The Brahmana desirous of the Abhisheka should then perform Pranaayama after aligning his physical Limbs with Pranava Swarupa of Pancha Mukha Maha Deva. Urvaarookam or deadly diseases or Adhibhoutika-AdhiyatmikaAdhi daivika. Jaati Kankola. thus the Snaana. Gayatri Japa. Bhutaas are pleased by Sacrifice of ‘Bali Vaishvadeva. the Tri Netra. rice grains. Thus Homas are an integral part of Rudraabhisheka. keep reciting Rudra Gayatri viz. the self-illuminated Para Brahma created Truth that dispelled darkness and further on the Oceans). and Pancha Yagnaas. Om Namassivaaya/ and perform Anga Nyasa and Karanyasa ie alignment of the Mantras and the Body Parts as also the Mantras and hand fingers aong with the water from the Prokshana or water-sprinkling vessel.Anna’. the Karta of the Abhishekam would concentrate on Parama Shiva with his Physical Splendour akin to Agni Deva.strengthpresence or of knowing-seeing-and feeling of His deeds. 26 . Rutamcha Satyam abheedaat tapasodhyajaayata tato raatrasya jaayataa tat Samudro Arnavaha/ (Even before meditation. The Mantra of Rudrena Pavanaanena twaritaakhyena Mantravit etc.in the Prokshani Patra utilised for scattering water. is recited while initiating the Abhisheka and performing Dhyana or meditation of Pancha Mukha Shiva. Tryambakaam or Three Eyes or Three Ambaas of Lakshmi-Gouri-Sarasvati . eva: types.. Manushyas are pleased by Bhojana-Dakshinaas to worthy Brahmanas. Mrutyor -meeksheeya or do deliver us from death. and Brahma Yajna is performed by way of ‘Swaadhyaaya’ or Recitation of Vedas and Scriptures. Sugandhim or of fragrance of knowledge. sprinkle water on the Prokshya-Arghya-Paadya and Achamaneeya Patraas or the vessels with which to perform the Lingaabhisheka.Aachamana-Dhyaana is performed. bandhanaan or overpowered. Bhuta Yagna.
Maha Deva appeared in Daruvana to test the depth of the Rishis and their Tapasya. and Kadamba. the Karta should perform ‘Punaraachamana’. Aruna. Shri Sukta. Atharva. Chameli. perform Snaana with Gandha-Chandana.the ‘Aabharana Bhushita’ or the Well. Vaamakena. Ratri Sukta. the Paschima dala as Mahima Siddhi. Group recitations of Namaka-Chamaka Rudras and Mahayaasaas would literally electrify the atmosphere of Devotion. Hotaara. Even the renowned Pativratas of leading 27 . Purusha Sukta. Shanti Sukta. carry out Abhishka with Ghee. Origin of Shiva Linga and Significance of Aatithya. Virupaaksha. Bhakti and Bhasma ( ‘Apara Stuti’ of Maha Deva by Saptarshis included) In the secluded and thick Forests of Daruvana. Intonations of various other Mantras and Hymns like Pavamaana. Skanda. the Uttara dala embodying the Prapti Siddhi. implement formal Snaana with Pancha-Gavya or of Cow’s Five Bye Products. Kannera. the Dakshina dala as Laghima Siddhi. Skanda and Devi Parvati with fragrant flowers and set these Devatas in different directions around the Shiva Linga. Shata Rudra Shiva. Palasha etc. Nila Rupa. the Purva dala or of Purva Disha or the Eastern Side would represent Anima Siddhi.The Padma Pushpa’s stem is stated to be the Soma Deva.[Refer to last Paragraph of the Chapter on Ashtaanga Yoga afore-mentioned]. Then Shiva be seated at the Center firmly. Soon he became the talk of Daruvana especially the feminine gender. He assumed the form of a semi-lunatic but of an astonishingly handsome and shapely physique. Sugar. He would be seated as Sadyojata Shiva with the Mantra of Vaamaa Deva. and Ishana is seated by reciting Ishaanassarva Vidyaanaam Ishwarassarva Bhutaanaam Brahmaadipatih Brahmanoddhi Patih Brahma Shivomey astu Sadaa Shivom/ Then the devotee should worship Shiva Linga with Paadya-Arghya-Achamanaas. the Nirruti dala as Praakaamya Siddhi. Pavitra Jala along Pranava Naada. Bruhadrachandra. The Karta would propitiate Shiva. the middle portion of the stem is stated to embody the Surya Deva while the lowest portion would represent Pavaka Deva. Pancha Brahma Sukta would indeed transport the Vaktaan( Reciters) and the Shrotaas (Listeners) to the heights of Kailasa and demolish the sins of all concerned! After the Abhishekas. repeat the worship with Gandha-Pushpa-Dhupa-DeepaNaiverdyas as also decorate the Shiva Linga with Mukuta-Chhatra-Bhushana-TamboolaStotra-Japa-Pradakshina and ‘Atmaarpana Yukta Saashtaanga’ or Complete Surrender. besides Ganesha. Honey.The Abhisheka Karta would further execute nyaasa or alignments with his body parts and the accompanying Sadyojaataadi Mantra Recitations.and of Pushpaas. Veda Vrata. select Munis including Sapta Rishis and Maha Yogis were engaged in deep Tapasya along with their wives and children. Paativratya. Champaka. as a ‘Digambara’ or naked. the Vayavya dala as Ishatwa Siddhi and Agneya dala as Vashitwa Siddhi.Ornamented One and the Sowmya Rupa. As the Munis were busy with their meditation and Yagna Karmas. Kapura. he was laughing loudly some times and behaving erratically always. he should execute Abhishka with the water from Golden or Silver or Copper vessels with a variety of ‘Patraas’ or Leaves of Kamala. Vaaruna. Rudra Gayatri is seated with Aghora Mantra. clean up the residues of the Abhisheka material on the Linga with a clean cloth and decorate the Linga with flower garlands comprising fresh flowers like Jaati. The devotee would arrange a Padma Pushpa before the Linga and visualise each of the ‘dalaas’ of the Lotus as representative of various Siddhis. the wives who were all Maha Pativratas were serving them in their spiritual activities and family chores. There after.
Dharma Deva himself arrived as an Atithi at the Brahmana’s house and being a true Pativrata. that a Grihasti or a Family Man ought to treat Guests as Devatas ( Athithi Devo Bhava)! Brahma narrated to the Maharshis about the legend of a Brahmana Sudarshana who instructed his wife to worship a Guest as Shiva Himself. they gave him a Shaap! The Maharshis then performed penance and in response to their Tapasya. He smiled but would not reply. the Atithi replied to Sudarshana that he was about to sleep with the wife of the Brahmana and the latter replied that he would indeed be happy to happy that his wife was ready to offer herself to the Guest! Dharma Raja was taken aback by the Brahmana’s positive reply and appeared before the Brahmana and his wife in his Real Form. they all confronted him one day and gave him a ‘Shaap’that since he provoked his wives with his nudity. his Linga should be dropped down to the ground.Maharshis. ignorant or demanding. They approached Brahma at once and the latter confirmed to the Rishis that the ‘Atithi’ or the Guest was none other than Maha Deva Himself and that they were most unfortunate in not realising the actuality. Parama Shiva in disguise who terminated Kama Devata into ashes with his anger by his third eye had kindled passion among the Rishi Patnis including of the Sapta Rishis! Some of the enterprising women entered his ‘Parnashala’. Dharma Raja further stated: Mayaa chishaa na Sandehaha Shraddhaam Jnaatumihaagatah. you have proved that you conquered Dharma Raja!) Having narrated this incident. the Brahmani took enormous care to treat the Guest in disguise as per her husband’s instruction and worshipped the Atithi well. declared love for him and enquired of his antecedents. Suta Maha Muni quoted Mahatma Shailda’s (Nandeswara’s) narration of how Sweta Muni 28 . Devi Parvati when approached by the Maharshis agreed to stop the havoc of Fire keeping in with the safety of the Lokas. further they (Sapta Rishis) would be hanging on the Sky along with Nakshatras for ever! Having heard this the Sapta Rishis were shaken up as the forest was gradually getting burnt off and the fire was spreading far and wide. he said that even by his remote thought he never had the desire for the Brahman’s wife but was only testing them. Just then Sudarshana arrived at the threshold of the house and called for his wife. by this occurrence. let alone the unmarried Kanyas and elderly women. he would not give a return curse but his Linga would get fixed there as also multiply into innumerable forms to burn off the areas of their presence. as the Maharshis besides Deva-Danava-Gandharva-Daitya-Rakshasa-Yaksha-Naaga-Kinnara and all other manifestions in Srishti especially the Manavas commenced Shiva Linga worship to fulfill their own desires in ‘Iham’ ( Current Life) and ‘Param’ (the Life thereafter)! As the Memorable Happenings at Darukavana were described about the Origin of ShivaLinga pursant to the test of Maharshis by Maha Deva and the significance of Atithi Puja. Dharma Raja demanded the Pativrata’s body as an offering and as per her husband’s instruction again. Parma Shiva retaliated that since no fault of his the Maharshis gave the ‘shaap’. Maha Deva appeared but said that only Devi Parvati could stop the spread of the Fire in the Forest. there was no fault of Maha Deva in disguise but instead of respecting the Atithi. That indeed was the Origin of Shiva Linga. she readily agreed to fulfil the desire of the Atithi.The Maharshis reacted sharply against the Stranger as he was ruining their family lives. In fact Brahma reprimanded the Rishis as they did not observe one of the fundamental Precepts of Dharma viz. spontaneously professed attraction and infatuation for the Stranger. As she offered ‘Naivedya’to the Guest. whether he was ugly. Brahma addressed the Sapta Rishis that the latter were most unfortunate that Maha Deva himself was their valued Guest and they not only neglected the Guest but insulted him by giving him a Shaap! Actually. Jito vai yastvayaa Mrityur Dharmayairnaikena Suvraha! ( I have come here only to test your Shraddhaa / dedication.
Sweta Muni kept on arguing that he had his unequivocal support of Mahadeva whithout whose instructions even a blade of grass woud not be destroyed and in his own case he had total faith on Shiva who had always been responding to his prayers of indefatigable faith and trust in Him. and not Vratas. Taamra Mayaa.VedasYoga and Shastras. heckled the Shiva Linga saying that it was a mere Stone and would not respond the misplaced prayers by the Sweta Muni and extended his ‘Yama Pasha’ or the noose of the death’s rope to the Muni while a Tri Mukha Swarupa of Parama Shiva along with Ambaa-Ganapati-Nandi faced Kaala Deva right in the latter’s face and Kaala got confused.What is significant however is that the Sthapana or Setting up ought to be with ‘Beeja Mantras’ and daily Abhishekas and worship for the best results.attained Mrityunjayatwa. a Bhakta could choose any form and shape of Shiva Lingas as for instance the Suvarnamaya. or Tapa. The Muni was also in the habit of reciting : Trayambakam yajaamahey Sugandhim Pushti vardhanam. but in Kaliyuga the Sure route was Bhakti alone. nor Yajnas and Homas. As the Rishis at Darukaavana were taken aback at the swift happenings that the highly dedicated Sweta Muni faced in response to the challenge of Kaala Deva. but only Bhakti that Sweta Muni which he had in abundance . Kaala Deva asserted that none whosoever might try to escape death proved to be failures despite the backing of Tri Murtis and the singular and unequivocal embrace of death was something inevitable. or Yagna. The Muni was stickler of ‘Rudraadhyayana’and an unparalleled Shiva Bhakta engaged in continuous recitation of Rudraashtakam: Om namastey Rudra manyava utota ivave namah Baahubhyaamuta tey namah/ Om ya tey Rudra Shivaa tanuraghoraa paapakashinee. the means were trough ‘Kaalaagni’. Kaala laughed away. sprang back and was exterminated! The Brahmana too was puzzled at the instant appearance of Maha Deva and was blessed to get absorbed in the Shiva Linga. Shilamaya. and in Dwapara Yuga. in Treta Yuga it was through yagnas. or Vrata or Yoga! Brahma replied: In Satya Yuga. nor Tapasya. nor Vidyaa. the means of Shiva Tatwa in Satya Yuga was of Yoga. Na daanena Munishrashtha stapasyaa cha na Vidyayaa. Dhyana29 . they approached Mahatma Shailada (Nandi) as to which means of worship could enable the kind of Response that the Shiva Linga bestowed to Sweta Muni with which he argued and came out with flying colours against Kaala Deva himself and even killed him! Would it be the means of Daana. Yajneyr homairvratair vratair Vedair yogair shastrairnirodhanaih/ Prasaadenaiva sa Bhaktih Shivo Parama kaariney! ( It is neither daanas. Vartulaakaara and so on. each with appopriate Kalashaas. Uravaaruka miva bandhanan mrutyormukshiya maamrutaat/ Notwithstanding the continuous and hearty Salutations. the Time of Deliverance was up to Sweta Muni and Kaala Dharma Raja appeared while the Muni intensified the prayers to Shiva. Rajatamaya.) Thus the Brahmanas and Rishis underlined the single factor of Bhakti which bestowed to a human being the power of victory against Mrityu! Given such Bhakti. Sphatikamaya. Chaturmayi. Trikonamayi. Tayaatanastwaashanta mayaa Giri shaanta abhichakasheeh/ etc.
Our sincere salutations to you Bhava Rupa.ranushtitam. Bhavya Rupa. Bhutapati. Agni Swarupa. Veerya. Past and Future. Karmanaa Manasaa Vaachaa tat Sarvam kshantumarhasi/ Vishweswara Maha Deva yosi sosi Namostutey. Those Bhaktas who would perform such unfailing worship along with their families are blessed with fulfilment. Paramatma. Bhavanodbhava.Avaahana-Aasana-Padya-Arghya-AchamaneeyaPanchaamrita Snaana-Shuddhodaka SnaanaVastra-Yagnopavita-Gandha-Pushpa-Dhupa-Deepa-Naivedya-Taambula-PradakshinaKshama-Namaskara etc should be a daily course of worship. Little did we know of your background which even Brahma and others could comprehend. Gangaasalila dhaaraaya Adhaaraaya Gunatmaney/ Triayambikaaya Trinetraaya Trishulavara dhaariney. Munis at Darukavana made the following Stuti seeking pardon for the mindless and harsh action in giving ‘Shaap’ to Mahadeva resulting in the dropping of Shiva Linga: Ajnaanaaddeva Devesha yadasmaabhi. Sarva Samahara. peace of mind. Tatsarvam Bhagavaaneva kurutey Yogamaayayaa/ (Devesha! Kindly excuse our blunders perpetrated out of ignorance by way of our thought. Bhuta Bhavyam Bhavishyam cha Sthaaavaram jangamam cha yat/ Tava dehaasamutpannam Deva Sarvaidam Jagat. Stuvantitwaam Mahatmaney Deva Devam Maheswaram/ Namo Bhavaaya Bhavyaaya Bhaavanaayod -bhavaayacha. Dandahastaaya Kaalaaya Paasha hastaaya vai namah/ Veda Mantra pradhaanaaya Shata jihvaaya vai namah. Triabaka. Gunaatmika. Danda hasta. Trishula dhaari. Ganapati. Avyaya.Paasha Hasta and Veda Mantra Pradhana ! You are Hundred Tongued. Kandarpaaya Hutaashaaya Namostu Paramatmaney/ Shankaraaya Vrishaamakaaya Ganaanaam pataye Namah. Kaala. Ananta Bala. Adharara. Ananta Bala Viryaaya Bhutaanaam Patayenamah/ Samhatrecha Pishangaaya Avyayaaya Vyayaayacha. speech and deed. the Form of all Movable and Immovable Beings in the Universe. Manmatha samhaara. the Symbol of the Present. the Creator of the World from your Physique! Do kindly pardon our thoughtlessness and impudence as we were guided by the play of Yogamaya!) 30 . Vrishaarudha. Shankara. Paasi imsicha bhadrantey praseeda bagavamstatah/ Ajnaanaadyadi Vijnaanaadyaadyanti kinchit kurutey Narah. Tri Netra. and Shiva Prapti. Gangaadhari. Vyaya.
Tasmaadagni samaahyotey bahavo vikruta -agnayah/ Kaamah Krodhascha Lobhascha Moho dambha upadravah. Bhayamukha. Vikataaya Karaalaaya Karaala vadanaayacha/ Arupaaya Surupaaya Vishwarupaaya tey namah. Omkaara Sarva Devaanaam Sreshtham Saamacha Saamasu/ Aaranyaanaam Pashunaamcha Simhatwam Parameswarah. Vishwarupa. Kruaanta. Karaala. Katankataaya Rudraaya Swaahaakaaraaya vai namah/ Sarvapranata dehaaya swayam cha Pranataatmaney. Twaameva thatr prashamo Brahmanaa tathitam tathaa/ Kaamah krodhasccha lobhascha vishaado Mada yeva cha. Twam Brahmaa Sarva Devaanaam Rudraanaam Nilalohitah/ Atmaacha Sarva Bhutaanaam Saankhyaih Purusha ucchatey. Vikata. Shulapaani. Graamyaanaamrushabhas chaapi Bhagavaanloka Pujitah/ Sarvathaa vartamaanopi yoyo Bhaavo Bhavishyati.tathaa. yatadicchaamahe bodhum praseeda Parameswara/ Mahaasamharaney praaoptey twadaa Deva krutaatmanaa. Parvataanaam Mahamerur. the Maharshis got into raptures and broke down in spontaneous Apara Stuti as follows: Namo Digvaasasey Nityam Krutaantaaya Trishuliney. Nityam Nilashikhandaaya Shrikanthaaya Namonamah/ Nilakanthaaya Dehaaya Chitaabhasmaanga dhaariney.Nakshatraanaam cha Chandramaam/ Rusheenaamcha Vasishthatwam Devaanam Vaasavas. Rudra and 31 . Karm lalaatey Samvidhya Vahni rupaaditastavyaa/ Tenaagriney tadaa Lokaa Archirbhih sarvato vruttaah. Yaani chaanyaani bhutaani sthavaraani charaanicha/ Antah gantum na shaktaah sma Devadeva Namostutey/ ( Our sincere obeisances toYou Digambara.Pleased and convinced by the remorseful prayers of the Maharshis. You are Arupa yet Sundara Rupa. Nitya. Prabhu. Maha Deva granted ‘Divya drishti’ or Celestial Vision to them so that they could guess the silhouettes or outlines of the Magnificence of what Maha Deva was all about and with the aid of this Vision.
paapaanaam bhasmeyti parikeertitam/ Ushmapaah Pitaro Jneyaa Devaa vai Somasambhavaah. Bhasmaanaa Veeryamaasyaaya Bhutaani parishanchati/ Agnikaaryam cha yah krutwaa karishyati triyaayusham. Chandra among the Stars. Agnishomaatmakam Sarvam Jagarsthaavara jangamam/ Ahamagnirmahaa tejaah Somaschaishaa Mahaambikaa. Our venerations to you Mahadeva! As you are devoid of the ‘Shatvargas’or the Six Enemies of humanity viz. Indra Deva among the Devatas. we failed to recognise due to our ignorance and lack of wisdom!) Maha Deva no doubt was satisfied with the Paraa Stuti but admonished the Maharshis not to be flippant in their assessment of ‘Yatis’ or Yogis in which ever form or Rupa they might be. We are regretful that among crores of humanity. this should not be misunderstood as a sign of lunacy or arrogance. and to that Supreme ‘Kaalaagni’ Swarupa that we all pray and pay homage to. you are of Agni Swarupa and as Agni assumes flagrant form converts the whole world into ‘Bhasma’ or ashes and with that Bhasma. besides Vishada or Grief. Omkaara among Vedas. Your Physique is respectfully prayed to by one and all and you are the Soul of Sarva Praanis. Sarvaanga Bhasma Rupa and Nilalohita. 32 . You and your Linga Swarupa are worshipped the World over. This was how Shiva guided never to mistake Maya for Satya or Illusions for realities. Bhasmanaa mama veeryena muchyatey Sarva kilbishey/ Bhaasatey –tyeva yadbhasma shubham bhaavayatey cha yat. you are applauded as the Embodiment of Shankya Shastra. Also may the Agni Swarupa of that Shivatwa devastates the Univerese including the Sttaavara-Jagamaas.Swaahaakaara. Maheswara. then none should mistake him for his Vaachaka-Manasika-Shaariraka meditation. Bhakshanaat Sarva . Nila Shikhinda. You are the Meru among the Mountains. Bhagavan! do indicate to us the various Forms as at Present and indicated by Brahma. Kama-Krodha. We will indeed obey and comply with your instructions. He said that the entire Srishti happened to be of Stree Linga or Pumlinga and one should not rush to misinterpretations or wrong conclusions about any person as the Maharshis did in His case! A Brahmavadi might be a naked person. the Nitya. he might be overjoyed as he could be engrossed in Parma Tatwa by way of Manasika Puja or Maha Dhyana and making Maha Mudras. or ash-smeared or even as a child! His nakedness should not be misinterpreted to attract women! He might have smeared ‘Bhasma’ to destroy his sins. Lion among the Animals and bull among native animals. Significance of Bhasma: Bhagavan Shiva further analysed the significance of Bhasma which was product of Agni Karyaas like daily homas and Yagnas. a Brahmavadi might be a ‘Nitya Dhyaana Parayana’ or engrossed in meditation and might be least-communicative. Nilakantha. the burning of ‘Sthavara Jangamaas’ by Fire would result in Ash: Bhasmattadvihitam Sarvam Pavitramidamuttamam.Lobha-Moha-Mada and Matsaraas or Lust-AngerGreed-Attachment-Pride and Envy. Parama Shiva! At the time of the Pralaya or the Great Destruction. a Parama Yogi might be laughing away in a boisterous manner if he is enjoying ‘Paramaananda’ or bliss. do protect us from that Kaalaagni. Vasishtha among the Maharshis.
while their curses against Shiva proved to be boons to the Universe since Shiva Lingas were manifested for promoting Bhakti in the Trilokas as sure means of Shiva Prapti. Shiva stated that by way of Bhasma. Munis and human beings are born naked since no person could become Jitendriya. he carried his virility to human beings. would qualify Kalpaanta Rudra Prapti. Matsameepam Samaagamya na bhuyo vinivartatey/ Vratam Pashupata yogam kapilam chaiva nirmitam. Bhaya (Fear) and such aberrations. criticism. Shiva is Agni and Soma rupi is Devi Ambika. Moha (Attachment). This ‘bhasita’ or the radiant product emerges from Shiva’s Body and is responsible for the Bhakshana of Mahaa Paapaas and hence it is called Bhasma. Agni is of Soma Swarupa. Vairagya or Other-Worldliness constitute the most superior Vastras. then thousands of ‘Akaryas’ or misdeeds get destroyed like Agni burns off immoralities and turpitude. Ahimsa or Non-Violence. Swarveeryam vapushaa chaiva dhaarameeti vai sthitaya/ Tadaaprabhruti lokeshu rakshaarthamashubheshyucha/ Bhasmaanaa kriyatey raksha sutikaanaam gruheshucha/ Bhasmasnaana vishuddhaatmaa Jita Krodho Jitendriyah. This is the reason why Bhasma is called Shiva’s veerya as his Veerya is generated from Shiva’s body. Thus Bhasma destroys Evil and Inauspiciousness / ‘Ashubha’ anywhere especially in households. Application of Bhasma after Snaana and Shiva Dhyaana three times a day would fetch ’Gaanapatya’. Pavitra Snaana-Bhasmaalankarana-Shiva Dhyana and worship thrice daily would secure Ashta Siddhis of Anima-Garima. Muni Dadhichi proves superiority of Shiva Shakti to King Kshupa 33 . while Devataas consume Amrita or Soma Rasa. Mahadeva futher explained that the word ‘Ushmapa’ or hot and burnt material is ‘Pitreeshwar’ or the material consumed by the Lord of Pitraas. Vasitya etc. Even now all Beings including Devas. since features like Kshama (Forgiveness). Dhairya (Courage). any person taking a bath and applies Bhasma is stated to be eligible for performing the Sacred Paashupata Vrata Kapila Yoga and is assured of Bandha vimochana or the shackles of Samsara to Shiva Loka. Bhasma generated by Agni Karyaas while reciting the Mantras like ‘Triyaamshu’ is basically is the bye-product of Shiva’s ‘veerya’ and demolishes all kinds of Sins. Purvam Pashupatim hyetannirmitam tadanuttamam/ (Uttama Bhasma is produced by the scorching of the wood of trees and other materials of Nature.Puja-Naivedyas etc. Performance of Kamika Vrata and Pashupata Vrata before Shiva Linga without the impact of Shadvagraas. If a person resorts to Bhasma Snaana and performs Shiva Dhyaana.Ahamagnischa Somascha Praktrutyaa Purushah Swayam/ Tasmaadbhasmam Mahaa Bhaagaa madveeryamiti chochyatey. if that person performs Shiva Worship at Smashaana or burial grounds along with the observance of the above deeds viz. Shiva is Purusha and Ambika is Prakruti. Rajo-Tamogunaas and perfect equanimity besides the prerequisites of SnaanaBhasma-Dhyana. Thus any mocking. protests and curses against Mahatmas and Siddhhas caused by Ahamkara (Ego) and Ignorance would tantamount to ‘Maha Paapaas’ attracting the wrath of Maha Deva even against Saptarshis who were cursed back by him. Maha Deva further stated that He had originally scripted Srishti without Lajja (Shame).
Agni. the Muni retaliated King Kshupa and hit him hard when the latter remembered 34 . The King argued that the ‘Ashtadikpalakaas’ or the Rulers viz.Brahma’s son King Kshupa and Maha Muni Dadhichi the son of Maharshi Chyavana were good friends but got entangled in an argument whether Kshatriyas were superior to Brahmanas. drank the ‘Abhimantrita Jala’ or the Sacred water that absorbed the Mantra day and night and was engaged in ‘Shivaaraadhana’ or Worship to Shiva for long. Vaayu. Then. Three Agnis. Then Guru Shukracharya imparted the Sanjeevani Maha Mantra to Dadhichi Maha Muni.Three Bhutas and Three Vedas are enriched by Maha Deva’s Sugandhi and Pushti or fragrance and vigour. Devas. Pushtischa Prakrutir yasmaat purushasya Dwijottama/ Satyenaanena Muksheeyaanmrityu paashaadbhava swayam/ (I pray to Triambaka who is the Swami of Trilokas. Trimandalasya pitaram Trigunaysya Maheswaram/ Tritatwasya Trivahnescha Tridhaabhutasya Sarvatah. the latter performed Japa and Homa. the dying Muni remembered Maharshi Sukracharya the Danava Guru who appeared and entered Dadhichi’s body and administerd Sanjeevani Vidya . Dadhichi was enraged and did the indiscretion of hitting the King on his head by his left fist. Indrayeshu Tathaanyashu Deveshu cha Ganeshucha/ Pushpeshu Gandhavat sukshmah Sugandhih Parameshwarah. Indra. the King retaliated and hit Dadhichi by his ‘Vajra’and Dadhichi fell down badly hurt and was almost dead. Tridevasya Mahadevam sugandhim pustivardhanam/ Sarva bhuteshu Sarvatra Triguney Prakrutou tathaa. It is through ‘Satya’ or its broad sense of Virtue alone that the various ‘bandhanas’ or fetters could be terminated and Moksha is achieved). the Pushti and Sugandha enjoyed by Sarva Bhutas or Beings. the essence of fragrance among flowers is Maha Deva Himself and the unique Shakti or Power too is of Maha Deva. Trigunaas. Devis in the Rupas of Prakriti emerge from Maha Deva only. Kubera and Yama and Soma and Kingship had the last ‘say’ in goverenance. Brahma and Vishnu are also originated from Maha Deva. he preached the unique Sanjivini Vidya to Dadhichi and highlighted the significance of the Maha Mantra as follows: Triabmakam yajemahey Trilokya Pitaram Prabhum. in course of time. The growth and significance of the Tatwas as displayed among Munis. As Dadhici accomplished indestructibility of his bones thanks to his exemplary devotion to Parama Shiva. the Guru utilised the Vidya which was bestowed to him by Maha Deva by pleasing him for thousand years of rigorous of Tapasya. Varuna. Nirruti. the Three Tatwaas. the extraordinary radiance and high heat of Three Kinds of Agnis too is created by Maha Deva. Indra appealed to the Muni at the instance of Vishnu to sacrifice it by way of a yogic self-termination so that the backbone was materialised as the famed ‘Vajrayudha’ of Indra in the context of Vritrasura’s killing and the Maha Muni acquiesced for the great cause of ‘Loka Kalyana’ or for Universal Benefit and gave away voluntarily. Indra. Dadhichi secured a backbone far harder in several multiples than the Vajra with which King Khsupa nearly killed Dadhichi. Sukracharya commended Dadhichi to fully surrender to Maha Deva and engage himself with relentelss Tapasya to conquer Mrityu. in fact his backbone turned so invincible that at a later date.
‘Lord! Please do not utilise your old tricks of Vishnu Maya on me but instead look at me as Parama Shiva in whose body you could vision every body including yourself and the entire ‘Brahmanda’. Praseeda Devadevesha praseeda Parameswara/ Praseedatwam Jagannaatha shranyam sharanam tatah. and got ready to fight. Dadhichi joked that Shiva gifted the Chakra and thus would not hurt a Shiva Bhakta and similarly Brahmastra would not work anyway. everybody including Brahma and Devas.account of Nandeswara to the Rishis at Naimisha Forest. let alone the King Kshupa followed him and paid respects to him and that Place came to be famed as Sthaaneshwara there after.Vishnu and prayed to him very sincerely: Mahadeva Jagannadha Pitamaha Jagadguro. crores of Devas and of Munis. As Dadhichi said so. Those who achieve this Kshetra would indeed attain Shiva Saayujya. the Shiva Bhakta. As Dadhichi asserted so and even belittlled Vishnu. Vaikuntham Shourey Sarvajna Vaasudeva Mahaa bhujah/ Sankarshana Mahaa Bhaaga Pradyumna Purushottama Aniruddha Mahaa Vishno Sadaa Vishno Namostutey! As Bhagavan appeared before the King who was a life -long Bhakta of his. Vishnu assumed the form of a Brahmana and sought a boon from Dadhichi. Maharshi Shilada then performed severe Tapasya for thousands of years and 35 . Vishnu got furious and tried various other Astra-Shastras but Dadhichi used Kusha grass tops and the Vishnu’s Astras proved ineffective. Rudra Deva would teach a lesson to all including Vishnu! As the Maharshi said this and returned to his ‘Ashram’. as Vishnu readied to instruct his Sudashana Chakra. Mayaa cha Vishnunaa chaiva Brahmanaa cha Mahatmanaa/ ( It is not possible for Brahma or Vishnu to grant a son who would be unborn to a woman and would not die). Those who hear or recite the happenings between King Kshupa and Muni Dadhichi and the magnificence of Maha Deva would never have fear of death and attain Brahmaloka after a contented and successful life! Birth of Nandeswara and his puja Suta Maha Muni narrated the birth. As a final resort Vishnu spread his Maya and created crores of his own Swarupas. Indra Deva expressed his inability and said: Na durlabho Mrityuheenastwa Putro hyayonijah. Maharshi Shilada approached Indra Deva to bless him to a highly renowned and virtuous son who would be ‘ Ayonijam’ and ‘Mrityuheenam’ or unborn to a woman and deathless. the King narrated the entire background as to how he was insulted and humbled and requested Vishnu that Dadhichi the invincible due to his devotion to Shiva had turned arrogant and hence must be taught a lesson. he recognised Vishnu and a smiling Vishnu complimented the Muni and stated that since the Muni was a Shiva Bhakta he should be afraid of nothing including Vishnu. As Dadhichi had the powers of recognition. Devatas got frightened and flew away and Vishnu became still and motionless! Dadhichi then cursed Devas for their deeds against him and forewarned them that at the time of Daksha Yagna in the future. Vishnu grew angry with the brazen and bold behaviour of the Muni. Dadhichi shouted on Vishnu.
besides Yaksha-Gandharva-Muni and Yogi ganaas were all invited to a huge event where Nandeswara’s unique name was fame were known all over. whom he was empowered as their Chief. Rudras and Indra prayed respectfully and Devis like Lakshmi. Ayur Veda and MantraVidyas. Maha Deva touched Nandi so that his physical body would fall down with his Jataa Mukuta etc and secure a permanent Rudra Rupa. Shastras and other Scriptures. Nanda. by so saying. where ever Maha Deva was known and indeed Maha Deva was acclaimed as the Supreme Lord of the Universe. Devas headed by Indra. Nandeswara should be propitiated without fail. He said that actually he sent messengers that Nandi’s life was almost over since his human birth would anyway be of Tapatrayas and hence he was terminating the Manava Janma to bestow Everlasting Life. Diti. Shailada Muni commended Maha Deva as well as Nandeswara and expressed his total satisfaction and gratitude. Bhadra and others rendered ‘Stutis’ to Nandi. Apsaraas danced and Gandharvaas sang tuneful hymns in praise of Shiva and Nandi. The Place where the human form of Nandi’s ‘Jatajuta’ fell on Earth was materialised into a Sacred River called Jatodaka and Nandi’s new Form was of a ‘Vrishabha’. Ashrama Dharmas and so on. the Guru then blurted at that time of Nandi ‘s exit from Ashram that doubteless Bala Nandi displayed extra-ordinary brilliance as a fulfedged Scholar and accomplishment but was shortlived! Shilada fainted at this disclosure for long and after regaining normalcy took to extreme Tapasya again to Maha Deva.his body got degenerated to such an extent that it became a skeleton full of worms. Parama Shiva himself performed ‘Abhisheka’ on the new Form of Nandi and that Place came to be called Vrishadhwani. Maha Deva granted his vision and Shilada’s wish: Tawa Putro bhavishyaami Nandi naamnaa twayonijah. fondled Nandi. Nandi assumed a human Rupa instead of Deva Swarupa. assured him not to get disturbed from what was stated by his Guru. Brahma. even as Shilada was engaged in Tapasya. Thereafter Nandeswara familiarised with his mother Devi Girija and also the Ganaas. performed the child’s Jaata Karma and other Vedic Tasks and on the son’s attaining seven years performed his Yagnopaveeta dharana and ‘Upaasana’ of Gayatri and tendered him to the Ashram of Maharshi Mitraavaruna. Dikpalakas. Mitravaruna was very proud of the student and so was Muni Shilada. Maha Deva declared to the Tri Lokas that Nandeswara was the son of Shiva and Parvati. Then Nandi was born at Yagna Bhumi with the features of Maha Deva himself with Trinetras. Aadow kuryaanamaskaaram tadantey Shivataam Vrajet/ Shiva’s Samishthi Swarupa (An Integrated Portrait of Maha Deva) Bhurbhubhuvah swarmahaschaiva Janah Saakshaattapastathaa. Jyeshtha. Jambunada or Panchanada and Vishwakarma gifted a Golden Mukuta or Headgear and Kundalaas or Ear Rings. Vasus. Pitaa bhavisyaasi mama Pitrurvey Jagataam Muney/ (I shall grant you a son with the name of Nandi and he would be my son and would be popular like wise). Chatushashti Kaalas. Chaturbhjas and as Jataa mukuta and Vajra-Sarpa dhaari when Devatas rained fragrant flowers. Shailada Muni was overjoyed. Shiva appreared. besides Dhanur Vidya. Aditi. Devi Parvati endeared the son who prostrated before her with veneration. Vishnu . Shachi. The Guru taught Veda Vidya. As Nandeswara was taken into the ‘Parnashala’ or thached home of Shailada. Finally. Satyalokascha Pataalam Narakaarnavakotayah/ 36 . Maharshis. Parama Shiva granted a boon to Nandeswara that He would be in the ‘Sannithi’ (Presence) of Shiva always and any kind of worship to himself would be incomplete without any Service to Nandi ! Even great sins of the magnitude of Brahma hatya could be nullified by Shiva Puja but at first.
Jyotisha including Jataka Skandha. Yagnas and Yagaas. Raivata. Nilalohita as the Principal of Rudras. Chamunda as the Best of Matrikas. Atri. Chandra as the Lord of Nakshatras / Stars and of Auoshadhis. Gandharvas. Savita. King Prahlada as the Chief of Daitya-Danavas. Apsaraas. Triambika. Saavitra. Indra. Nagas. Nirukta. Ananta Shesha at the root of Meru. Ganesha as the Controller of Vighnaas or obstructions and disablements. Varuna as the best of Jalaas or Waters. Varuna. Ashtaadasha Puranas. Vayu and Ishana. Swayambhu. Nirruti. Swarani. Chaturaashramaas. Prajapatis. Kailasa. Ghrita. Chatusshasthi Kalas. Nirruti as the Head of Rakshasaas. Chakshusa. Bhava. Vivaswan. Pipul or Bo Tree (Ficus Reloijosa) 37 . Kusha. Paataala. Shaaka and Pushkara. Sapta Parvatas viz. Sapta Rishis (Marichi. Yama. Sanaatana and Sanat Kumara brothers. Sarasvati as the Queen of Vanis. Tapa. the Fourteen Manusviz.Aryama. Shaalmali. Tamasa. Bahurupa. Virupaaksha. Pinaki. Swarochisha.Surya lokas. Daksha as the most significant Prajapatis. Vyakarana. Indra as the King of Devaas. the Eight Lokapaalakaas viz. Vaimaanikaastathaaney cha tishthantasya prasaadatah/ Anena Nirmitaastwevam tadaatmaano Dwijarshabhaah. and Devas. Sumeru. Krouncha. Countless Narakas. Daityas. Veerabhadra as the Ruler of Veera Purushas. Vaivaswata. Ksheera and Swada. Pusha. Kalpa Grandha. Uma Devi as the Prime Shakti of Women. Malaya. and Daksha-Brahma-Rudra-Dharma Savarnis). Raivata. and so on. Agni. Parvati as the Chief of Himalaya and other Mountains. Angirasa. Udyachala. Kaalamaana (Concept of Time). Shat-Vedangas viz Siksha including Sangeeta and Nyaya. This basic truth is not comprehended by ignorant persons and display of Maya or Illusion. Atiratra.and Vasishtha). Indra. Sanaka. Nakshatras. Suvela and Gandhamaadana. Aptoryama. Kinnaras. Tasmaat pranaamya tam Vakshey Jagataam nirnayam Shubham/ (The totality of Bhur. Swaha. Satya. Kratu. Sura. Ekadasa Rudras (Ajaikapaada. Rudra as the Pati of Pashus. Dadhi. and Aparajita). Danavas. Sanandana. Kubera as the Best of ‘Dhanas’or Wealths. Abhirbudhnya. Pulastya. Narada. Dwadasha Adityas viz. Agastyachala. Chandas Shastra. Twashta. Chaturvarnas. Mitra. Uttama. Arnavaas / Seas. Vishnu as the Swami of the ‘Dwadasa Adityaas’. the Sapta Dwipas of Jambu. Ikshu. Yajshas and Rakshasaas. let it be known that Shiva denotes the Sapta Pataalas of Atala-Vitala-Sutala-Talaatala-Mahatala-Rasaatala and Patalas. Parama Shiva’s Samishthi Swarupa also outshines the best of Creations like Surya among Nava Grahas / the Nine Planets. Let there be awareness that Paramatma alone would be able to decide about the status of the Universe ! Also. Agnishtoma. Himalaya. Dasa Dishas. Chatur Vedas . Nava Grahas. Bhuva. Jana. Samishthirupah Sarvaatmaa Samshitah Savadaa Shivah/ Sarvaatmaanam Mahaatmaanam Mahaa Devam Maheswaram. Paavaka as the best of Vasu -ganaas. Jayanta. the Sapta Samudras of Kshara. Dhruva. Sapta Rishi Lokaas and so on is all integrated in the Composite Form of Sada Shiva). Hara. Dhata.. Purushi. Mahatma. Ukta. Pluksha. Agni Homas like Shodasi.Taarakaagraha Somaarko Dhruvah Saptarshyastathaa. Maha Deva and Maheswara is far from being discerned and legible to the common ignoramus let alone Maharshis. Amshuman and Vishnu. Arishadvargas of Kama-Krodha-Lobha-Mohaa-Mada and Matsaraas. Naraka. Na vijaananti Samoodhaa Maayayaa tasya mohitaah/ Tasya Devasya Rudrasya Shariram vai Jagatrayam. Pulaha. Chandra. Maha. indeed the Sarvaatma. Nandi as the Commander of Shiva Ganaas. Ganga as the Paramount of Rivers. Vajapeya and Goshava.
Yena Yajnastraayatey bSapra hotaanmanassiva Sanlalpamastu/ Yena karmaani pracharanti Dheeraa yato Vaachaa Manasaa chaaruyanti. Lion as the Leader of Amimals. As Bhavani. and Traimbika Sukta. She the became ‘Adryushya Devi’ or Invisible woman. Maha Deva exterminates ‘Tri-Purasuras’ As Skanda Deva killed Tarakasura. ‘Shiva Samkalpamastu’ : Maharshi Parashara’s Rudrarchana and glory to his Vamsha Vasishtha Muni and his spouse Arundhati had a son named Shakti. It was then Parashara resolved that since the entire Universe belonged to Rudra. Garuda as the Master of Pakshis or Vihangaas Sky Birds. Takshaka as the Head of Sarpas. There was an ‘Akasha Vani’ saying that a Child of Vishnu’s Amsha would be born and the Muni and family should observe restraint. the daughter-in-law requested the inlaws to take care of her body as very soon the child would be born. Guha Swami as the Commander-in. Their daughter-in-law who was shattered too begged of Vasishha and Arundhati not to do so as she was in advanced stage of pregnancy and would be helpless. apparently instigated by Vishwamitra Muni. his father Shakti said that whatever ‘Shrutis’ were expected by a son to the parents and the total Vamsha was fulfilled even Parasara of Vishnu Amsha was hardly born and hoped that his next generation too would bring long reputation as illustrious progeny. he would like to make a firm resolve or Shiva Sankalpa that he would most certainly please Rudra and show his dead father and brothers. Maha Deva and Nandi gave their appearances. As the Muni was engaged in a Yagna Kaarya by King Kalmashaapada. she replied that a Rakshasa killed them. his mother and by himself. Devi Parvati was so impressed that she prevailed on Shiva to grant a darshan as also his wish. and so on. while Vishnu from the sky confirmed to Vasishtha that indeed he would emerge then just as Aditi gave birth to Vishnu. 38 . the Voice further stated that the new born would become an illustrious devotee of Rudra. Meanwhile. Immediately. his father left for Pitruloka along with his elder brothers. Vaasuki as the King of Nagas. Yat sammitam Manassancharanti Praaninastanmey Manassiva sankalpamastu/----Paraatparatama Brahma tatparaat parato Harih. Ucchaaishrava as the Leader of Horses. Parashara materialised a Mrittka Linga and started worshipping the Shiva Linga by way of Shiva Sukta. Parashara was in raptures with overjoyed tears trickling his cheeks and the vision of his dead father and brothers was glimpsed by Vasishtha.Chief of Deva Sena. Arundhati. At this heart-rending news. Vrishabha as the best of the Species of Cows. Vidyadhara as the King of Gandharvas and Chitraradha as the Head of Kinnaras. Khseera Sagara as the Leader of Samudras of Seas. In course of time. The new-born Parashara enquired his mother as to where was his father and brothers.the best of Trees. Vydyunmaali. he recited Shiva Sankalpa with unique sincerity: Yenedam bhutam Bhuvanam Bhavishyat parigriheetamamrutena sarvam. Having blessed Parashara. Arundhati took the daughter in law to their Ashram and a voice of a Hymn emerged from her stomach.Vasihtha and Arundhati were so much grieved that they decided to jump down from a mountain top. a Rakshasa named Rudhira killed and ate up Shakti and his brothers. the three sons of the latter viz. Shakti’s wife gave birth to Parashara the grandson of the happy coulple of Vasishtha. Yaparaat parato dheesamtanmey Manassivasankalpamastu/ and so on.
but Brahma agreed all the same. Traataa Netaa Jaatyasmindwijaanaam Dwija Vatsala/ Varado Vaangmayo Vaachyo Vaachya Vaachikavarjitah/ Yajyo muktyardhameeshaano Yogibhiryogavibhramaih/ Tadrutpundarika sushire yoginaam samsthitah sadaa. a Golden one in Swarga Loka for Tarakaksha. belittled women which caused Lakshmi to gradually desert them and relapsed to Adharma. 39 . The Nagaris were luxurious with all the comforts of Swarga with Kalpataru Gardens in place and Pancha Bhutas of Earth-Water-Illumination-Air and Sky under control. let alone others like Manavas. Gandharvas and Kinnaras were at service with sonorous music and song while Apsaras were made to dance at command.Kamalaaksha and Tarakaksha were united and performed relentless Tapasya to Brahma seeking invincibility. Indeed this was a peculiar boon that was asked by the Danava brothers. Vishnu realised that not only the Tarakaaksha and brothers but all the follower Daityas had the unique feature of Maheswara Linga worship as per prescribed procedure and thus became difficult to control by the Vishnu Senas. they scaled down their wishes to the following: they would build three flying ‘Puraas’ or Cities which could move about freely in the World and individually none of the Nagaris could ever be destroyed but only in a group simultaneously. They also left the Varnashtam Dharmas. viz. That was the opportune time for Vishnu to approach Maha Deva and prayed to him: Maheswaraaya Devaaya Namastey Paramatmaney. all secured fortresses which were impregnable even by Devas and other celestial Beings. a Silver Nagari for Kamalaksha in Antariksha and a Loha Nagari in Bhuloka for Vidyunmala. Vishnu then created a Mayaawi Purusha who quietly entered the Tripuras and having impressed the Daityas with his knowedge of Shastras and Siddhis misled them successfully to neglect ‘Shroutra Smartas’ and Shiv Linga Puja. Vadanti Surayah samtam param Brahmaswarupinam/ Bhavantam tatwamityaayarsteyjo taashim Paratparam. As Brahma clarified that none among the Beings were immortal. They approached Bhagavan Vishnu who created innumerable Shaktis but the army of the Asuras destroyed the Shaktis. The famed Daitya Builder Mayasura created three Nagaris.schaakshayah Prabhuh/ Prakiritih Purushaha Saakshaatsrashtaa Hartaa Jagadguro. The Tripurasuras harassed Devaganas and threw them out of Swarga and their respective abodes. Rudraaya Nila Rudraaya Kadrudraaya prachetasy/ Gatirnah Sarvadasmaabhirvandyo Devaari mardanah twamaadistwa mananta . Naraayanaaya Sharvaaya Brahmaney Brahmarupiney/ Shaswataayahyanantaaya Avyaktaaya cha tey Namah/ Then Devas also joined Vishnu’s prayers and said: Namah Sarvaatmaney tubhyam Shankaraayaatrihaariney.
Sarvatjna. shrunuyaadwaa stavam punyam sarvakaamava -apnuyaat/ ( Namastey Maheswara. Paramatma. Ekaaraneyka Murti. Sharva Brahma and Brahmarupa. Koti Sheenshu Sannibha. Shambho! We have no other place of refuge excepting you. itya Teja. Sarvatokshishiromukha. Adrushta. Vadanti. Jagat Swami. Virupaaksha. Avyakta! Our salutations Sarvatma. Varada. Brahma Swarupa. Koti Kalaa sankaasha. Naraayana. Sarva Vandya.Vaachya. Vishwarupam Virupaaksham Sada Shivamanaamayam/ Koti Bhaskara samkaasham Kotiseetaamshu sinnibham Kotikalaagnisankaasham Shadvimsha kamanee -shwaram/ Pravartakah Jagatyasmin Prakruteh prapitaamaham. Shankara. Srashtaa or Creator. Ishaana. Harta or destroyer. Nila Rudra. always surrounded by Yogis. Vaachikavarjita. Jalaashrayaa Deva jadikrutaascha Suraasuraastadwadajasya sarvam/ Sutavuvaacha: Ya yidam praataru-tthhaaya shuchirbhutwaa japennarah. Anoralpataram prahurmahatopi Mahattharam/ Sarvatah Paanipaadam twaam Sarvatokshishiromukham. Prakriti. Varada. Traata. Sarva Paani-Paadam. Twameva Daityaan-sura bhutasanghaan Devaan Kinnaraan sthaavara jangamaascha/ Paahi naanyaa gatih Shambho Vinihatyaasurottamaan. Vangmaya. Brahmana Vatsala.jjagati tadvibho/ Drushtam hrutam sthitam Sarvey jaayamaanam Jagadguro. Pravartaka. just as the huge waves of an Ocean gush to the shore and meekly get destroyed by striking it. You are the Sarvam or the Infinite and the Eternal Truth! Suta Muni said : Any person on rising early morning and securing cleanliness from within and 40 . You are the Sarva Swarupa representing Daityas-Devas-Bhuta-Kinnara-Sthaavara-Jangamaas. Swayambhuva. Sarva Vaasa. Shaswata. Neta. Paratpara. Sarvatah Shrutimallokey Sarvamaavrutya tishthasi/ Maha Devamanirdeshyam Sarvajnam twamanaamayam. Pundarika. Bhavanta. Maha Devaamanirdesha. Ananta.Yoga vibhrama. Sada Shiva. Vishwarupa. Artihara. Deva. Purusha. hears. Paramatma. Swayambhu. Jalaashraya Deva.Paramaatmaa namityaahurisma. Jadguru who visions. Prakriti’s Pataamaha. Vadanti Varadam Devam Sarvaavaasam Swayambhuvam/ Shtutayah Shrutisaaram twaam Shrutisaara vidojanaah/ Adrushtamasmaabhiraneka murtey vinaa krutam yadbhavataatha lokey. the Universe is engulfed with Maya or Delusion. resides all over in the Universe. Sukshmaati Sukshma. Jagad Guru. Shruti Saara. Yogi. Koti Bhaskara Sankaasha. Sarva Vaasa. Mayayaa mohitaah Sarvey bhavatah Parameswara/ Yathaa tangaa lahari samuhaa yudhyantichaanyonyamapaam nidhowacha. Fulfiller of Twenty Six Great Desires. Rudra.
Pratipadika Purnima respectively were used as auxiliary strings to the horses. Karikeya on his Peacock. and Agastya were there too at the kick-start of the Battle to recite Veda Vachanas and Shiv Stutis. the specific arrow with which to kill the Tripurasura was strengthened by Vishnu. Sinivali. Balahatya and Prajaabhaya were loaded on the Chariot so that they get activised as maces. a srong contingent of Danavas quickly regrouped their men and material to make offensive attacks under the leadership of Vidunmali and Maya. Kuhu. Indra on Iravata. Devashuni. Dhanajaya and Padmadwaya acted as the strings which were tied to the horses. As Devas and Vishnu visioned ‘Trishulapaani Shankar’ relaxing with Devi Parvati and Mahatma Nandi. Kratu. Mangal. Instead of talking peace. Surya and Chandra as Chakras made of gold and silver respectively. making mass-scale carnage and blood bath of humanity and uprooting Dharma and age-old Values and Principles. Ganeswara divided Tripuras in three regions as Nandeswara was attacking 41 . most poisonous snakes like Surasa. Soma and Agni and its head propelled by Agni and Chandra by its rear and Vishnu Maya smeared all over. and Shanaischara seated on the Ratha ready to charge. and prepared for turning their defensive positions to that of an offence. Amavasya. Trusha. Vinata. Pramatha ganas calculated that the enemies would try to sneek out at those points and buchered thousands of Danavas. frightening women and children.The remaining Danavas inside the Trinagaris were utterly confused by contradictoy shouts that Taraka died or Shiva was defeated. Raaka and Anumati the ‘Adhishtana’/ in charge Deities of Chaturdashi. Suddha Purnima. Omkara and Vashatkara were the symbols on the Ratha. what with the revenge and frustration experienced by them for long as they were out of power as also owing to the excellent backing of Maheswara. Angira. Takshaka.all swarmed around the Rath. Kubera on his serpent. Meanwhile. and the extreme poison of Nagaraja Vasuki was loaded to ensure stability and speed of the arrow. Atri. While quite a few Danavas sought to escape for their lives through the exit gates of Tripuras.without recites the above Stotra by Vishnu and Devas to Parameswara would gain excellent results of Punya and fulfillment). the Four Vedas of Ruk-Yajur-Sama and Atharva acted as the horses. Maharshis Bhrigu. Ganeswara by his Mushika Vahana. Karkotaka. humiliating Sages. As the Deva Sena made a highly offensive assault in full force. and Bubhuksha were used as arrows. Nandeshwara with his Shula running behind and sides of the Ratha were in full preparedness. Budha. Parashara. the famous serpents viz. Parameshwara infused confidence into the demoralised Devas and asked them to construct an exceptional chariot with unique specifications: Prithvi as the Ratha / Chariot. they saw that ‘Bhuta bhavishya Swami’whose eyes were red like ‘Agni kundas’and physique was shimmering with thousand Suns with a pleasant countenance ornamented with a Bala Purna Chandra. Shuchi. Pulastya. they seized the best part of Tripuras. The Pramatha ganas were ready to charge as the army against the opponents. On the instruction of Shankara Deva. Kadru. Sage Narada reached the Tripuras and tried his best to mend his ways. the dhanush made of six ‘ritus’/ seasons which is safeguarded by Devi Ambika herself never to be broken. Having pleased Parama Shiva thus. Yama Raja with his buffalo. Pulaha. Gohatya. Sarama. Mrutyu. Devas explained the gravity and seriousness of the crisis created by the Tripura Daityas who not only unseated and tormented Devas and Celestial Entities but were also sending shock-waves all over the Universe. Vayu was made in charge of the high velocity of the Chariot and finally Brahma was the Charioteer and Sesha Naag was made in charge of the personal security of Brahma as also of the Chariot. give back Indrapuri to Devas and avoid the worst ever battle in which the indestructible Tripuras would be destroyed along with the Three Demons as Maha Deva himself was approaching these Places with full preparation. In that melee. Brihaspati. Shukra. Brahmahatya. Vasishtha. Meru and Mandara Mountains as axles. Goutama. Indra took his enormous army and attacked Tripura. Bharadwaja. the Demons alerted their vast armies. Marichi.
Shankara divided the ‘Tridevamaya’ arrow into three parts and released it at the Pushya Yoga time when Tripuras were destroyed in one go. Devas too appeared in full force. Aghotaashtaka tatwaaya Dwadashaatmasva rupiney/ Vidyutkoti prateekaasha mashtakaamsha sushobhinam. Vidyunmali threw a ‘Parigha’ on Nandi who was hurt and the enraged three ‘Parshadaganas’ named Ghantaakarna. Shanaishchara. But Keshava took the form of ‘Vrishabha’and drank up the juice along with Devas and dried up the wells and Devas occupied the Tripuras finally. torrential rain and powerful sand storms. That was the decisive moment when there was an all-out battle on the seashores. while he was in position against Maya. with Indra. Brahma praised Parama Shiva in a chorus as follows: Praseeda Deva Devesha Praseeda Parameshwara. black deers. The ‘Maayavi’ Mayaasura created several Wells full of herbal juices for envigoration and Danavas were in high spirits as their body strength increased manifold. Mayasura and other Daityas were forced to hide in the Sea. Trilokaaya Tridevaaya Vashatkaaraaya vai namah/ Madhye gagana rupaaya Gaganasthaaya tey namah. Chandra. There was utter silence among Danavas who were stunned and retreated. eight-legged ‘Sharabhas’/ a species of oversized deer. they assumed the Forms of Ganeswara and assailed Vidyunmali by making the roars of lions. and Rudras. including Yamaraja. Ashtakshetra rupaaya Paraatparataraaya cha/ Sahasra shirasey tubhyam sahasraaya cha tey namah/ Sahasra paada yuktaaya Sharvaaya Parameshtiney/ Navaatma tatwa rupaaya Navaashtaatmaatma shaktaye. Even while the Parswaganas were about to leap on Vidyunmali. Shankukarna and Mahakaal retaliated. Gaganeshaaya Devaaya Swar-geshaaya namonamah/ Saptalokaaya Paataala narkeshaaya vai namah. Panchaghaa panchagaachaiva Panchamantra shaririney/ Chatusshashthi prakaaraaya Akaaraaya namo namah Dwaantri shatattawa rupaaya Ukaaraaya namonamah/ Shodashaatma swarupaaa Makaaraaya namonamah. Mayasura created rains of Agni.Vudyunmali. Bhaskara. Dhavala Shyaama raktaanaam Mukti daayaamaraayacha/ Jyeshthaaya Rudra rupaaya Somaaya varadfaayacha. Devas then went ecsatic and the huge shouts of Victory to Maha Deva resounded across the Sky from where Gandharvas and Kinnaras sang hymns of praises. the highly cunning and crafty Mayasura chased the Ganas of Ganeshwara to divert attention of his own men from the fallen Vidyunmali to the Ganesha ganas. Ashtadhaatma swarupaaya Ardha maatraatmaney namah/ Omkaaraaya namastubhyam chaturthaa samsthitaaya cha. tigers. lions. Ashta kshetraashta rupaaya Ashta tatwaaya tey namah/ Chaturdhicha Chaturdhaacha Chaturdhaa samsthitaaya cha. huge mountains. snakes. But. Apsaras danced and Maharshis recited Vedas and Shiva Stotras. Atmatrayopavishtaaya Vidyaa tatwaaya tey namah/ Shivaaya Shiva tatwaayaa Aghoraaya Namonamah. Kartikeya heading a Deva Sena of a Crore. 42 . As Taraka came into the battle field. Meanwhile. the hurt Nandikeswara hurled a Rudra Shakti on the demon who fell down like a mountain. crocodiles. trees. Varuna. Rupamaanasthyaaya Lokesmin samsthitaaya Shivaatmaney/ Agnivarnaaya Roudraaya Ambikaardha shareeriney. Praseeda Jagataam Naatha praseedaanandadaavyaya/ Panchaasya Rudra Rudraaya Panchaasatkoti Murtaye .
Shiva Swarupiney. Shiva. Sahasraaya. Artha Maatra Swarupa. Sahasra Sirasa. Muktidaana. Roudra. Amara. of Chathus -shasthi or Sixty Four Forms. Vahni Somaarka rupaaya Shattrimshacchakti rupiney/ Tithaa Samvrutya Lokaanvai pasupa bhujagaatmaney. Vimalaaya Vishaalaaya Vimalaangaaya tey namah/ Vimalaalaya samsthaaya Vimalaayartaartha rupiney. Panchadha. Sharva.Kanthaaya shikhandiney/ Anantaasana samsthaaya Anantaayantakaariney. Shiva. Ashtaka Tatwa. Omkaaraaya. Dwantrishat Tatwa Rupa Ukaara. Navatma Tatwa Swarupa. Hridi nisswana kaariney. Sarvjnaaya Sharnyaaya Sadyojaataaya vai namah/ Aghoraaya Namastubhyam Vaasudevaaya teynamah. Shiva Tatwa. Triprakaaram sthitaayaiva tretaagni mayarupiney/ Sadaa Shivaaya Shaantaaa Maheshaaya Pinaakiney. Sahasra paada yukta. Avyaya. Dhyaanaaya Dhyaana rupaaya dhyaanagamyaaya tey namah/ Dhyeyaaya dhyeyagamyaaya Dhyeya dheyadhaanaaya tey namah. Nirgunaaya. Ananteshaaya Sukshmaaya Uttamaaya Namostutey/ Ekaakshaaya namastubhyameka Rudraaya tey namah. Punarakshta Prakaasha. Dhavala-Shyaama Rakta yuta. Varada. Dhyeyenaamapi Dhyaayaay Namo Dhyeyatamaayatey/ Namonamah Sravavidey Shivaaya Rudraaya Sharvaaya Bhavaaya tubhyam. Devaaya. Tatpurushaaya Namostu Ishaanaaya namonamah/ Namastrinshat prakaashaaya Shaantaateetaaya vai namah. Ganaashtavritaaya. Ashta rupa. Gagana rupa. Paraatpara. Swargeshaaya. Vidyutkoti Swarupa. Pratyaahaaraaya tey nityam Pratyaahaara rataayacha/ Pratyaahaara rataanaam cha pratisthaanasthitaayacha. Akaara. Mulasthaaya. Bhrumadhey samshitaayaiva naada madhye sthitayacha/ Chandra bimba sthitaayaiva Shivaaya Shiva rupiney. Rudra Rupa. Paataala Narakeshaaya. Naabhi mandala samsthaaya. Sthulaaya Sukshmaaya Susukshmasukshma sukshmaaya Sukshmaaya Sukshmaartha videy Vidhaatrey! Adyantashunyaaya cha Samsthitaaya tathaa twasunyaayacha Linginecha. Ashta Kshetraaashta Swarupa. Parameshthi. Ashta Kshetra. Naadamadhyaye. Yogapeethantarasthaya Yoginey Yogadaayiney/ Yoginaamhridi samsthaaya sadaa nivakarashukavat. Ashtaashta Murtaye. Bhrumadhyaey. Vahni 43 . Alinginey Lingamayaaya tubhyam Lingaaya Vedaadimayam Sakshaat/ (Be compassionate and benevolent Parameshwara. Soma. Ambikaartha Sharira /Artha Naareeswara. Ananda Swarupa. Gaganeshaaya. Sapta lokaay. Jagannatha. Dwadashaatma Swarupa. Triloakaaya. Chandra bimba sthitaa. Jyeshtha. Pancha Mantra Swarupa. Namastrimurtraye tubhyam Shri. Gunaashtakavrutaayaiva Guniney Nirgunaaya tey/ Mulasthaaya Namastubhyam Shaaswastaanavaasiney. Chatusshashtaasta Murtaye. Ashta Tatwa. Tridevaaya. Vidyaa Tatwa. Chaturdstha Samsthita. Navaatshtaatmaatma Shaktaye. Chaturdha. Shivaatma. Shaswata sthaana vaasiney. Shodashaatma Swarupa Makaara. Guna. Naabhi mandala samsthaaya hridi nisswana kaariney/ Kandharecha sthitaayaiva Taalu ranghna sthitaayacha. Aghora. Sahasraya. Agni Kaarana. Panchamukha Rudra!You are of Panchaashat koti /Five hundred crore Forms and ‘Atmatraya’. Vashatkaara.Punarashta prakaashaaya tathaashaashta murtaye/ Chathusshashtadyaatma tatwaaya Punarashti vidhaayacha.
Daitya-Rakshasa-Yaksha. Vidya.Yogis and Maanavas should perform worship to Maha Deva with purity of body. Brahma exhorted Devas to emphasize the Mahima of Shiva Puja as the Asuras who were in the past were invincible as they were totally engaged in the Puja but eventually neglected it due to Maya and got degenerated gradually. As all the Beings in Creation are called ‘Pashus’ or of animal instinct. Shivalayaas and Archana Vidhi In the wake of Tripuraasura Samhaara. the latter was visibly happy and having smiled at Devi Parvati. Anantesha. Those who read or hear the account of ‘ Tripuraasura Samhara’ with physical and internal cleanliness would be blessed: Paapaisha muchatey jantuh shrutvaadhaayamimam shubham. Mahesha. in this manner Pashupata yoga is accomplished. Vimalaarthaartha Rupa. Shri Kantha. Pratyaahaara ratha. Murti Pratishtha.Sukshmaaradhavidhi. Shivaya. Pratyaahaara. The duration of Pashupati Vrata is stated to span twelve years. Vimala. Yogahrudi samsthaaya. but the Trilokas at the Time of Pralaya or the Great Extermination and that it was His Maya and Play that he gave a long to the Daityas as per their destinies! As Brahma prayed to Maha Shiva as above. Dhaaranaamita ratha. he conquered the ‘Saamsaarika Duhkhaas’ and enjoy the Powers of Control and Fulfillment in the Three Lokaas. Shikhandi. Shatravo naashamaayaanti sangraamey vijayibhavet/ Sarva rogairna baadhyet Aapadona sphrushanti tam. Sthulaaya Sukshmaaya. the Bhakta / Worshipper should perform Pranayama along with the recitals of Omkara. Prabhava or brightness and all round fulfillment. Lingaaya and Sakshaat Vedaadimaya!) Brahma further stated that Maha Deva had indeed possessed the capability not only to destroy the Tripuras after all. and aligning the Self with the Supreme.Somaarka Rupa. Agni Havans which convert desires into Ashes. diseases and problems and would secure dhana.Gandharva-KinnaraVidyaadhara-Piscacha-Siddhaas. gain gradual ‘nyasa’or coordination of Jnaanendriyas. Dhaaranaabhyaasa yukta. Brahma stated that by so performing the Shiva Linga Puja. Anantaantha kaara. Yoga peethaantastha. Yogi. Maha Deva is acclaimed as Pashupati and hence all Buddhimaans should discard the ‘Pashutwa’and practise Pashupata Yoga or Pashupata Vrata: after securing ‘Baahyaantara Shuchi’. Pinaakiney. Maha Deva! you have neither beginning nor end and basically you are ‘Shunya’as you are Nothingness but of the Totality of Everything! You are indeed the Linga yet the ‘Alinga’. Aghora. Bhavaaya. Vishnu and all the Devatas as Indra and Devas were reinstated instantly to their respective positions. Vividha Lingas. Sarvjnaaya Sharnya. fame. Sadaa Shiva. Dhaaranaaya. Tri Murti. control the activities of Karmendriyas. longevity. blessed Brahma. Anantaasana. Eka Rudra. Vimalaanga. Dhanamaayuryasho Vidyaam prabhaavamatulam labhet/ (Such readers are freed from sins. keep that state of body and mind for longer durations as signified by the word of ‘Dharana’. cease the deeds of physical limbs. you are Trishatprakaasha. Those who regularly follow the ‘Linga Puja’on these lines are stated to have secured Paashupata Yoga as indeed they are blessed. Vimalaasansthaana. Sadyojaataaya. Uttama.) Pashupata Yoga. mind and heart to reap multiple fruits from fulfilment in life to Shivaloka prapti. Sukshmaaya. Puratsaa samthita. He said that all the Beings in Srishti like Deva-Danava. Yoga dayani. Nivaakashuka. Tretaagnimaya rupiney. Rudraaya. Vishala. Dhyana-Dhyana Rupa-Dhyaanagamya-Dhyeya-Dhyaya gamyaDhyeyadhyaana and Dhyeyatama. Tatpurusha and Ishaana! Salutations to you Maha Deva. twelve months and 44 . Sharvaaya. Shaanta. the Lingamaya. realise the action-reaction syndrome of ‘Tatwaas’ and seek the goal of Moksha. Shadtrimshacchakti rupiney. Su Sukshma-Asukshma. Shaantaateeta . Vaamadeva.
Ekaadasa Rudras prayed to Bhasma Linga. Yama Deva used a Marakata (Emerald) Linga for his puja to Shiva. Shailaja Lingas bestow Sarvasiddhis. it is said that there were six varieties of Shiva Lingas in vogue in the past and these had forty four categories viz. Dhatumaya. Vaya Deva to a brass Linga. But those who seek ‘Paramaartha’or Moksha among the Siddhas and Yogis believe that Shiva was of Pranava Swarupa. Guhya created Jala. and the eighth variety is of seven categories of Kshanika (temporary) nature. It was also stated that His Buddhi created Buddhi to all the Beings from Brahma downward to humanity and other Species. As instructed by Brahma. Daaruja Lingas of sixteen types. Dhatuja Lingas were of eight variations. His ‘Bhrumadhya’ or the Center of brows generated Atma / Soul to one and all and His Mastaka created Swarga. and Smriti-Shrutis are his thorough-fare and speed. others ponder him as Shabdaadi Vishaya Tatwa Gyana Rupa and so on. Vaishnava. Ratnaja of seven kinds. Varuna. Shula. However. Dwaadasha Adityaas prayed to a copper Linga. Indra. His throat created Moon. All the most significant Devotees like Brahma. his navel as Akaasha. Daaruja Lingas yield Bhoga or material happiness and Mritthika Linga provide Sarva Siddhis. the Chatur Vedas performed pujas to Dadhimaya (Curd made) Linga and Piscachaas are used to pray to Seesa (Lead made) Linga. Vishwakarma. Yama. Vishwa Devataas did puja to a Silver Linga. Munis are in the habit of Kushaagra Lingas. Vishrawa Putra worshipped a Golden Linga. After Pralaya. His heart created Sun. Prakriti as his Devi. Naabhi created Agni. Daityas made puja to an Iron Linga. Ishaana. the seventh kind was of Mritthikamaya (Earthen) of two classification. and all the Devas were able to enjoy the resultant fruits by being playful all over the Worlds of Omkara. Those who perform Pratishtha and Puja of Maha Deva seated on Vrishabha and Chandra as His Ornament are certain to achieve Shiva Loka travelling by Vimana. Manavas are able to accomplish ‘Shiva Sayujya’ by the ‘Pratishtha’ or establishment of Shiva Murtisand performing most sincere Dhyana of Maha Deva who has Eka Paada or One Foot. Murti Pratishtha: Devi Parvati and Kartikeya had once set up a Shiva Linga and mankind reaped benefits till date. Mrunmaya and Kshanika Lingas are in the vogue normally. Naaga. Ananta and other Nagaas worshipped a Prabalamaya or harsh wind Linga. Surya Chandra and Agnis as his Trinetras. His Indriyas created Indra. Brahma and of Prajapatis. Brahma on his right and Devi Prakriti on his lap. Agni. Shailaja Lingas of four types. it is stated that Shailaja Lingaas are the best while Dhatuja Lingas are of medium kind. Trinetra / Three Eyes. the Builder of Devas materialised Naana Vidha Shiva Lingas : Vishnu worshipped a Linga made of Indra nila. Vishnu on his left. Indra worshipped a Padmaraaga. four hands. Among the above types. they set up the Linga atop Meru Mountain. Vidyaadhara. Ashtaavasusprayed to a Kantikamaya Ling. Samudra as his Vastra. Depending on the availability of Dravya (money). His Ahankaara created Ahankaara to all concerened. In this way Shiva Lingas made of various materials are utilised by species of all in Creation. Pataala as his feet. Varuna Deva worshipped a Sphatika Linga. Nirruti Deva worshipped a wooden Linga. Vayu as his breathing. Ahvini Kumaraas prayed to a Parthiva (Earthen) Linga. some other imagine Him as Vignaana Swarupa. Nakshatras as his Bhushanaas. Soma a Mouktika (Pearl) Linga. Kubera. Siddha. those who make Pratishtha of Shiva along with 45 . the recommendation however was that the Lingaas made of Shailaja. Guhyakaas made puja to a Trilohika Linga. Linga as Purusha. Ratnamaya. Dhatuja Lingas are stated to provide Dhana. Yakshas normally invoke Mahadeva to attain Bhu-Bhuva-SwahJana-Tapa and Satya Lokas.twelve days when a person observing it would achieve ‘Pashu Bandha Vimochana’ or relief from Pashutwa or of animal intinct and attain Devatwa or of the features of Devas.maya Linga. Kaumara. Chamunda prayed to a Baalumaya/ perfume Linga. Devi Lakshmi worshipped a Bilwa Linga while Kartikeya implored a Gomaya Linga. another way of perceiving Shiva is that his Mastaka is of Swarga. Foot corners created Prithvi. Among all these Ratnamaya Lingas are Lakshmiprada. Devataas as his hands.
Those who undertake reconstruction. Like wise. Tapas. ‘Om Namah Shivaaya’ would nullify a ‘Brahmahatya dosha’ or one of the Maha Patakaas or the Five Great Sins. Shiva Pratishtha in the Form of Dhumra Varna. If the Pratishtha of Shiva Murti as Vrishabha dwaja is achieved along with Devi Parvati besides Indra. Kapala Dhaari. Vinayaka-Skanda yukta. some take up painting and decoration free of cost. a river by taking the Panchaakshatri Mantra viz. but ‘sparshana’ or touch and fondling of a Shiva Linga is hundred times better. Maha Deva Himself guides such sincere Bhaktas to undertake suitable deeds and enable them to assume roles however big or small they may be. Artha-Nariswara. Indeed construction of Shivaalayaas with stones or tiles. Shiro maalaa dhara and Upaveeta dhara. Ganga dhaari. Snaana or bathing from a well. Chandrabhushana. Baagambaradhara or wearer of Tiger skin. If one were to attempt performing the Pratishta of Parama Shiva as a Chitaabhasma dhaari. for Abhishka. with Madhu or honey it is regarded as better still and even better would be the Abhisheka by ghee. or a Sarovara. Vishnu. Abhisheka with milk is thousand times better. Black haired and Kapaladhari Murti would assure Shiva Sayujya. some persons help manage the Temples with or without returns. that person would be qualified for Shiva Loka Prapti. Kedara. washing the utensils and innumerable other services. Veerabhadra and others and to worship Rudra with ‘Phut’ resound as also to Vighna Nayaka and to the accompanying Deities would indeed assure Shiva Sayujya! Pratishtha of a Chaturbhuja. wood or mortar would be of enormous Punya. he or she would receive ‘Punya’ of performing Chandrayana Vrataas again and again. the Bhaktas are blessed with fearlessness and Victory always. Vyaghra charma dhaari. Chaturbhuja. mrittika or gold. Those who do so are earmarked a distinct place in Shiva Loka and as and when they alight the Vimana after their mortal life. Kaumari. As one gets naturally curious as to how one should take up responsibilities in providing Services. Kurukshetra. renovation or part works of dilapidated. Abhaya hasta and Shula Padma dhaara would yield Animaadi Siddhis in the present life and Shivaloka subsequently. Pushkara. Varada. Abhisheka of Shiva Lingas with water is hundred times better. repair. Maaheshwari. Parvatiyukta vaamaanga. Those who recite the Mantra of Om Namo Nila Kanthaaya even once very sincerely would have their sins demolished and continuous recitation with formal puja of Gandha-Pushpa-Karpura-Naivedyas are definitely destined to Shiva Sayujya. If a person died at any of the Punya Kshetras like Varanasi. far better is the Abhisheka with curds.Ambika and Nandi would be transported to Shiva Loka by a brightVimaana similar to Surya Deva even as Apsaras entertain on way by their nritya or dances. Surya Chandra Sahita along with Brahmani. Those who could neither afford money. and Tirtha Yatraas besides securing Shiva Loka till Maha Pralaya! Shiva Sthaapana as in His Nude Form as a Four. Mere ‘darshana’ of such Sacred Tirthas is of considerable value. Indraani. it is the Shraddha and earnestness with which the construction is accomplished. Prayaga. red eyed. Sweta /White Coloured.Armed. ramshackled or almost unusable Temples too have a significant contribution as their role of reviving Rudra Bhakti gets recognition and sense of fulfilment in ‘Iham’ and lasting Salvation in ‘Param’ or Shiva Loka. and Prime Devas. Sarpahaari. Prabhasa. and such other minor or major tasks as per one’s own ability and sacrifice by even cleaning the Temples floors. Trinetra. 46 . Apsaras welcome them and so do Devas as they secure the status of ‘Gaanapatya’. Chaamundika. It is stated that if a person died within an easily walkable distance of a Shiva Temple. nor wherewith all to renovate or let alone construct afresh Siva Temples also have important roles to undertake whatever services possible they could in the Temples. some contibute oil for lamps. the resultant fruits would total up performing all kinds of Yagnas. Daanaas. Amareshwara and so on. milk etc. Pratahkaala Darshana of Shiva Linga provides ‘Uttama Gati’ or Celestial Travel while the Evening Darshan bestows Yajna Phala.
Deepaaraadhna is an essential comoponent of the Shivaaraadhana: Deepa Vrikshaas. Aachamana. Vastram and Yajnoopaveetam should be offered. Abhishekaas. silver and gold constitute an integral part of worship especially during Kartika Month. This Vrata was stated to have absorbed the essence of the six Vedangas for the worship of Dwadasha Lingaas as visualised for each month of the year viz. the puja must be performed by lotus 47 . Devi Parvati. after performing Gayatri. since even those who performed Tapasya for thousand years by Maha Munis and Maha Siddhas failed to glimpse Shiva Tatwa. ghee and curd.Arghya-Achamaneeya. Margashira made of Vidurya. Champaka flowers.Snaana-Vastra. then that Person without Bhakti and Puja is an offender and might perhaps end up as a Piscacha. let alone Shiva! Indeed Suta Muni emphasised this fundamental issue since Shiva Darshana would not be possible without Shraddha. Bhakti and conviction. Ashadha month made of Mukta / Pearl. Rudra Gayatris. Jyeshtha of Marakata mani. Punah Prarthana and Recital of ‘Mantra Pushpa’ or the Vedic Hymn viz. Besides Shiva. a Bhakta should then resort to treat the Linga with Padya. Kasturi and Kesar are to be applied to the Linga. Dhyaana-Aavaahana-AasanaPaadya. Shiva Linga should be installed and purified with sacred waters. Formal Pujas all through the month are the highlights when Shiva Temples are full of happenings with Maha Nyaasaas.Pradakshina-Saashtaanga. as also BhaksyhaBhojya-Lehya-Choshya and Paaneeyaas. Uma Maheswara and other Shiva Vratas (Pashupaasha Vimochana Mantra included) Sanatkumara Muni described the details of Pashupaasha Vrata to Maharshi Shailadi and Nandi Deva explained it briefly. Deepa Maalaas and Deepas made of brass. and so on. Ganesha-Kartikeya and Nandi. After Tambula (betel leaves and scented powders). Ashviyuja made of Gomedha. By way of Naivedya / Bhog. especially by ordinary persons with limited knowledge and comprehension.then he could convert himself as a Raakshasa. pujas are also performed to Gayatri and Vishnu and Panchaakshari Mantra and Pranava -naada are recited with ecstactic devotion and dedication. Kartika made of Pravala. Those who perform worship without the preceding virtues might perhaps end up in a futile exercise and their worship might attract even negative results! If a person resorts to Shiva Puja for Public Show with contradictions in mind and negativism/ disbelief in thoughts. Vaisakha of Vajra or Diamond. Incidentally. Brahma and Vishnu accomplished the Vrata foremost and was followed by Indra and Devas and subsequently by Danava-Daitya-Siddha and others. Bhadrapada made of Padmaraga. and Phalguna the Shiva Linga to be made of Sphatika. Maagha the Lingas to be made of Suryakanta mani. Dhupam and Deepa Darshana would be followed before Naivedya. Rudraas. Pashupaasha Vimochana. Maheswara should be pleased and gratified with such worship comprising ‘Shodasopachaaraas’ or Sixteen Services viz. this would be followed by ‘Panarabhisheka’ or repeat Snaana to the Linga. Kannera pushpa. Pradakshina and Dakshina to Brahmanas engaged in the Puja Vidhi would be followed and as a finale. Vakula flowers. Such a faithless person who does not observe minimal traits in the context of eating and drinking while resorting to Puja might as well be born as a Yaksha or worse. variety of flowers and bilwa (wood apple) leaves aplenty be decorated all over the Sacred Linga and around and then perform Puja with Kamal/Lotus.Pushpa-Dhupa-DeepaNaivedya-Taambula / Dakshina. Abhisheka with water first. Upavaasaas or Fastings and austerities. copper.Yagopaveeta-Gandha. during Chaitra Month as made of Gold. Shravana made of Nila Mani. In all the months. Pushya made of Pushyaraaga.Shivaarchana Vidhi: As the Munis at Nimisha Forest requested Suta Maharshi to briefly describe the Vidhaana of Shiva’s ‘Archana’ or worship. then with milk. cooked rice be offred in various tastes and condiments. Yopaam Pushpam Vedaa etc. if such a person persists doing Puja again and again without even a semblance of trust and faith-let alone Bhakti or devotion. Now on to the Archana Vidhi: Gayatri Mantra is the Main Gate by which Maha Deva Puja gets easier.
The observance of this Vrata would indeed bestow Devatwa. Dhupa or smoke made of ‘Guggula’ and Deepa are integral parts of the Puja as they are the demolishers of all kinds of sins. Sukshmaha Suraasureshaano Vishvesho Gana Pujitah/ Shivadhyaanaaika sdampannah sa mey Paapam vyapohatu. Pashupaasha Vrata Vyapohana Stotra: Vyasa Deva recited the Vyopahana Stotra as he learnt it that was narrated by Nandi Deva to Kartikeya: Namah Shivaaya Shuddaaya Nirmalaaya Yashaswiney/ Drushtaantakaaya Sarvaaya Bhavaaya Paramaatmaney. Kamaarthis of fulfillment and Yashobhilashis of fame and immense renown. Pancha Vaktro Dasha bhujo hyakshapanchadashairyutah/ Shuddha sphatika sankaasham Sarva -abharana bhushitah/ Sarvajnah Sarvagah Shantah Sarvopari samsthitah/ Padmaasanasthah Someshah Paapamaashu Vyapohatu. Ganaadhyakshata. Those who are observing the Pashu paasha vimochana Vrata must follow the features of Satya (Truthfulness). Ahimsa (NonViolence). Shanmukha stays in Utpala Pushpa and Maha Deva is fond of Padma. Santosha (Happiness / Contentment). Vidyarthis would secure Vidya. in fact. Kinnera Pushpa is a promoter of Medha or mental brilliance. Ekaaksho Bhagavaanishah Shivaarchana paraayanah/ Shiva dhyaanaika sampannah sa paapam Vyapohatu. Puja by Bilva Patra (Shri Patra) again in actual form or of replikas would be a ‘must’. ‘Anna Daana’ is one significant charity to the needy that Shiva is always desirous of on any day. Chandana is again an essential component of the worship as it is a healer of Sarva Rogaas or diseases. especially on Puranamasi. and Shivatwa in stages. Narayana resides in Vaka Pushpa and Devi Ganga is the adoration of Sarva Sugandhi Pushpaas. As for Naivedya. The Pushpas for use in the Puja should also include Sweta Aaka Pushpa represented by Brahma. At the end of each year (since the duration of the Vrata is of twelve years plus). Anantah Sarva Vidyeshah Sarvajnah Sarvadah Prabhuh/ Shivadhyaanaika sampannah sa mey Paapam Vyapohatu. Karaveera pushpa which Ganaadhyksha is fond of. while Neel Kamal is the resident of Ambika. Ishaanah Purushaschaiva Aghorah Sadya yevacha/ Vaama Devascha Bhagavaan Paapamaashu Vyapohatu. Devi Lakshmi is stated to reside in bel patras. there must be a Godaana and Vrishabha Daana to Veda Pandita Brahmanas. Shanti (Peacefulness). ‘Shuddhhaanna’ would satisfy Maha Deva. and Daana (Charity). 48 . Shoucha (Cleanliness). In the process.either in the actual form preferably or by way of gold or silver or copper or any other forms. Daya (Mercy). Shivottamo Mahaa Pujyah Shiva dhyaana paraayanah/ Sarvagah Sarvadah Shantah sa mey Paapamvyapohatu.
Sumpurnaabharana bhushita or fully ornamented. day long fast. Those who recite the above would be freed from the worst sins possible that they had committed like Go hatya. Vrushabha daana. Maha Pujya. Gaura varna Godaana. Sarva Vidyeshwara. 49 . Phala: Ishana loka prapti. Paramatma. Bhava. Day long fasting and only milk/ghee in the nights. Vaama Deva. Sarvajna. Abhishka and Puja. Kheera dhaaraVrata on Prathamas and Panchamis of every month would yield Ashwamedha Yagna.Trimurthih Bhagavaaneeshah Shiva Bhakti Prabhodhakah/ Shivadhyaanaika sampannah sa mey paapam vyapohatu. Sharanaagata hatya etc. In the instant life. Dhyana sampanna: please demolish our sins. this procedure for a year would fetch sampurna yajna phala. Padmaasana and Somesha. Ratri Bhojana.Shiva Dhyaana Sampanna. Phala:Vayu loka. Phalguna Ashtami Chaturdashis: Sivaabhisheka. Ashviyuja Purnima: Shiva Pujaabhisheka. Chaitra Purnima: Shiva Pujaabhisheka. Ekaaksha. Brahmana hatya. Brahmana Seva and Dhumravarna Godaana. Phala: Ashwamedha Yagna. Shrikanthah Shripatih Shrimaanjnishwa dhyaana ratah sadaa/ Shivarchanaratah saakshaat sa mey Paapa vyapohatu. Satya bhashana. Purusha. Vrishabha dwaya daana Phala: Yaksha loka Rajastwa. Sharva. Sukshma. Brahmana Bhojana and daana of two white cows. Milk. Dhyana Parayana. Raatri bhojana of rice and ghee. Daily worship of Shiva for a full year by way of Shuchi. Phala: Vaayu loka prapti. Jeyshtha Purnima: Shiva Pujaabhisheka. Maagha Chaturdhasis: Shiva Pujaabhisheka. kindly demolish our sins. Phala: Yamaloka kreeda or playful activities. Yashaswi. Ratri bhojana. Ksheera. Shikhandi Bhagavaanyashaantah Shava bhasmaanulepanah/ Shivaarchanaratah Shrimaan sa mey paapam vyapohatu/ (My salutations Maha Shiva!You are Shuddha. Kartika Month: The entire month is of signifinance and daily Shivaarchana-Abhisheka with Sacred water. Ashadha Purnima: Shiva Pujabhisheka. Brahmacharya. destroy my Maha Paapaas). Shivarchana parayana. Vishvesha. Shravana Purnima: Shiva Pujaabhisheka. possessor of Five Faces and Fifteen Eyes.and Sarvajna please keep me off from sins. daily havan. Bhojanas to two Brahmanas and Tamra varna Go-daana. Monthwise Shiva Vratas were also prescribed by Nandi Deva to Skanda as follows: Pushya Purnami: Shiva Pujaabhisheka with Ghrita. Sarvajna. Dhyana nishtha Shiva. Veda Parayana. Ratri Bhojana. Sphatikamani samaana. Bhadrapada Purnima: Havana. Kaala drushyaney. day long fast and very limited Ahaara in the nights. Prithvi shayana and such other measures of Idriya nigrahana would assure Parama Gati. Dhyan Sampanna keep me away from my derelictions and liberate me. Suraasurekshara. and would attain Rudra Loka. Brahmana Bhojana and Nila Varna Vishabha daana. Brahmana puja. Ratri bhojana. Ratri bhojana. Nirmala. Shivottama. day time worship of Shiva Linga is of great significance on Ashtamis and Chaturdashis and observance of day long fasts. Dadhi etc followed by Brahmana bhojana and Godaana . Coconut water. the reciters of the Stotra would secure Artha-Kaama-Vidya-Arogya and Tripti or Fulfillment. Phala: Brahmaloka Prapti. Brahmana Seva. Phala: Varuna Loka. Shanta. Tri Murthis. You are Ananta. Brahmana Bhojana and daana of horse. Vaishakha Purnami: Shiva Pujaabhisheka with Panchagavyas. Ishaana. Phala: Chandraloka. Shiva Vratas: In both the Shukla and Krishna Pakshas of a month. Raatri Bhojana of limited Ghritaanna. Brahmana Bhojana and Go-Daana. Aghora. Isha.Shiva Bhakta Pramodika. Matru-Pitru hatya. Sarvoparisthita. Fulfiller of all desires.
Curd, Ghee, Chandana, and Bhasma with Maha Nyasa Purvaka, Maha Rudra Purvaka Snaanaas to Shiva Linga, Day long fasting and Alpaahara in the nights, complete abstinence, Bhu Shayana and various sacrifices should be in place; all kinds of Daanaas on anyday or as many days are encouraged in the Month and similarly Pandita Seva of any kind would be fruitful in the Month. Emphasis is stressed on Anna Daanaas during the month. Phala: Surya Loka Prapti. Margasirsha Month is considered an an extension of the previous month when again austerities would spill over from the previous month; Upavaasaas, Shiva worship by way of Abhishekas, Brahmana Sevas, Anna and other kinds of daanaas especially to Daridras, would be of significance and the Phala would be of Chandra loka prapti. Uma Maheswara Vrata: Shiva himself described the significance of the Uma Maheswara Vrata as narrated by Suta Muni. The best days for the worship of the Uma Maheswara are stated to be Purnima, Amavasya, Ashtami and Chaturdashi. After a year long worship on these days, Uma Maheswara Pratimas made of gold or silver or according to one’s capacity could be installed in a Temple, by carrying these by a chariot with Veda Mantras amid fanfare and provide bhojanas to Brahmanas and Annadanas to the visitors. The Mahima of the Pratimas thus installed would be enormous; for example, a Kanya or a widow who observed the Vrata for a year and instal the Vigrahas formally would have miraculous results in the ongoing life and Shiva Loka Sayujya by the grace of Devi Uma. Now, month-wise daanaas and pratishthas by devotees are given below: In Margaseersha month, daanaa of a sturdy bull to a Brahmana would please Shiva and Uma; in Pousha month, the Vrata requires Trishula Daana; during Maagha Maasa, Ratha daana would need to be performed; in Phalguna month, the requirement is to install Shiva-Maheswari Pratimas made of gold or silver or copper to qualify the attainment of Shiva Sayujya. In Chaitra Month, the Devotee has to do the Pratishtha of Shiva- Bhavani and Nandi Vigrahas in copper; in the month of Vaishakha, the Vrata has to be performed by the daana of Kailasha Mountain in the name of Shiva and Parvati and indeed the phala of the worship during the month would bestow Kailasha Parvata prapti. In the Jyeshtha month, formal installation of Shiva Linga and Bhavani, while in the month of Ashadha a brick built house has to be given away in charity to a Brahamachari with expertise in Vedas and Vedangas and the donor would be destined to accomplish Goloka. In the Shravana month, a huge heap of tilaas and vastras along with Brahmana Bhojana and Anna daana would qualify for Goloka too; In the month of Bhadrapada, a parvata like supply of rice is to be given in charity to attain Bhavani’s presence; in Ashvayuja charity of a Parvata like Anna /cooked rice along with gold to a learned Brahmana and with his approval organise Anna Daana to the poor; during Kartika month, Swarna Pratimas of Shiva and Parvati are to be instaalled in a temple, besides Brahmana bhojanaas. Additionally the Bhaktas observing the Uma-Maheshwara Vrata need to follow one meal a day, Bhumi shayana and celibacy, besides daily dfaily worship to Maha Deva and Uma Devi. ‘Panchaakshara Japa Mahatmya’and ‘Dhyana Yajna’ As Devi Parvati desired to comprehend the meaning of the Panchaakshra Mantra of Om Namasshivaaya, Parama Shiva explained the back ground: when the Universe became extinct at the Time of Pralaya, only he was present as Narayana who floated on the Great Water Surface as the Unique and Supreme Being. As he was thus lying on water, there sprouted a Lotus from his navel and on top of the stem emerged Brahma who desired to initiate ‘Srishti’ (Creation). He created ten ‘Manasa Putras’or Mind-Born Sons, but prayed to the Supreme Being ie. Maha Deva to empower him with Shakti to take up the exciting task of formal Creation. Then the latter provided ‘Upadesha’(instruction) to Brahma and in turn Brahma gave the Upadesha to his sons who did sincere Tapasya by the recitation of the Panchakshari for thousands of years, consuming only air and nothing else. Shiva was pleased with the
meditaton and keeping in view the ‘Loka Kalyaana’ or Universal Welfare explained the purport of the Mantra, its Rishi, Devata, Shakti, Nyasa, Viniyoga and its Sampurna Swarupa or its Full Form: Omityekaashram Mantram sthitah sarvagatah Shivah, Mantrey shadaksha –rey sukshmey panchaakshara tavuh Shivah/ Vaachya vaachaka bhaavena sthitah saakshaat- swabhaavatah, Vaachya Shivah prameyaatwaan Mantrastadvaachakah smritah/ Vaachya Vaachaka bhavenamanaadih samsthitastayo, Vedi Shivaagamey vaapi yatra yatra Shadaksharah/ Guhyaadguhyataram saakshaanmoksha Jnaanamanuttamam, Asya Mantrasya vakshyaami Rishicchandodhi Daivatam/ Beejam Shaktih Swaram varnam sthaanam chaivaaksharam prati, Vamadevo naama Rishih Panktiscchanda udaatdhrutah/ Devataa Shiva yevaaham Mantrasyaasya varaananey, Nakaaraadeeni beejaani Panchabhutaatmakaanicha/ Atmaanam Pranavam viddhi Sarvavyaapinamavyayam, Shaktistwameva Deveshu Sarva Deva Namaskrutey/ Twadeeyam Pranavam kinchin –madeeyam Pranavam tathaa, Twadeeyam Devi Mamtraanaam Shakti bhutam na shamshayah/ Akaarokaaramakaaraamadeeyo Pranavey sthitaah, Ukaaramcha Makaaramcha Akaaramcha kramenavai/ Twadeeyam Pranavam Viddhi Trimaatram Pluta- muttamam, makaarasya ssarodaatta Rishi Brahmaa sitam Vapuh/ Chhando Devi Gayatri Para -maatmaadhi Devataa, Udaattah Prathamastudwacchaturyascha dwiteeyakah/ Panchamah Swaritaschaiva Madhyamo nishadhah smrutah, Nakaarah peeta varnascha sthaanam urva mukham smrutam / Indriyodhi Devatam Gayatri Goutamey Rishih, Makaarah Krishna varnosya sthaanam vai Dakshinaamukham/ Chhandonushtup Rishischaatri Rudro Daivata-muchyatey,
Shikaaro dhumra varnasya sthaanam vai Paschimam Mukham/ Vishvaamitra Rishistrishthup cchando Vishnustwa Devaam, Vakaaro Hema varnasya sthaanam chaivottaram Mukham/ Brahmaadhi Devatam cchando Brihati chaangiraa Rishih, Yakaaro raktavarnascha Sthaana murdhvem Mukham Viraat/ Cchando Rishirbharadwaajah Skando Daivatamuchyatey, Nyaasamasya pravkshaami sarva siddhikaram Shubham / (This Unique Single Akshara Mantra OM is firmly embedded in Shiva; this Mantra of six letters viz. Om Namah Shivaaya is actually considered as of Five Aksharas; from the viewpoint of ‘Vaachya’ and ‘Vaachaka’, Shiva is the Vaachya or the Target or He who is sought after and Vaachaka is the means to achieve the Vachya, viz. the Mantra; wherever the Mantra is recited there is Shiva; in fact the Mantra is the Essence of Vedas; the Vidwans who recite the Panchakshari as continuous Japa are sure to attain Moksha. This Parama Vidya is indeed of Shiva’s heart. The Rishi, Chhanda /Prosody, Devata, Beejam and Shakti of the Panchaakshari Mantra is as follows: Vama Deva is the Rishi, Pankti is the Cchanda, Shiva Himself is the Devata, Nakaaraadi Pancha beejas are Pancha Bhutaas; Pranava swara Om is Shiva’s Supreme Soul and also the Shakti. Each letter of the Mantra is distinguished wih the Rishi-Chhanda-Deva-Shakti-Beeja combination). Then as prescribed, the Anga Nyasa and Karanyasas should be performed before taking over the Mantra Japa. The person who is practising the Panchaakshara Mantra has to perform ‘Pranaam’or sincere salutation to his Guru with ‘Shraddha’by way of Maanasika- Vaachaka or Uccharana-Karma vidhaana or with purity of mind, humility of voice and perfection of deed and then take over the possession of the Mantra from the Guru at a Place of cleanliness, at an ideal time when Grahas, Nakshatras and Yogaas are well-placed. The Japa has to be performed with eqanimity of mind, full control of Indriyas-both Karmendriyas and Jnaanendriyas and of extreme concentration fixed at the targetted Shiva Maha Tatwa. It is stated that ‘Upaashyu Japa’ or slowly rendered Japa is hundred times superior and effective that Japa Yajna; when any Japa or repetetive recitation of a Mantra is performed, then that Japa is called ‘Vaachaka’or vocal in kind; the Upanshu Japa has slight lip-movement; but Japa of the best is called ‘Maanasika’ when only mind and thought are at work. Indeed any of the above types of Panchaakshari Japa done with unflinching concentration by aligning Parama Shiva and the Self would definitely yield Siddhis. But mere japa of the Panchakshari wthout securing the balance of mind and target are of no avail. Without ‘Sadaachaara’ or of Self Regulaton and Good Observance of Morality and Virtue, any amount of Japa would be fruitless: Yasmaadaachaara heenasya Saadhanam nishphalam bhavet, Aachaaram Paramo Dharma Aachaarah Paramo Tapah/ Aachaaram Paramo Vidyaa Aachaarah Paramaa Gatih, Sadaachaaravataam Pumsaam Sarvatraabhayam bhavet/ Aachaara heenaanaam Sarvatraiva bhayam bhavet, Aachaara heenah Purusho Lokey bhavati ninditah/
Dhyana Yagna: As Parama Shiva was resting in a cave of Kailasha Mountain with Girija Devi. Kkachicchaapi na kurvati Vaachaa cha Manasaa tathaa/ (Refrain from ‘Asatyam’ or speaking lies: Truth is Brahma and Asatya is as bad as ridiculing Brahma himself. Drinking water by one’s mouth. Matsaayujya mavaapnoti Bhaktimaan Kimatah Param/ That was what Maha Deva assured Devi Parvati. jump over or spit. nor performing Japa. Persons of Aachara have access to every thing that is right where as those without Aachara are either afraid. Never touch animals like serpents. any kind of Sadhana or Endeavour is neither possible nor fruitful since Aachaara is the prerequisite of any virtious deed. In the same context. Brahmanas should never take food without taking bath. nor even to Pratimas of Gods. let alone done. Sabeeja samputam Mantram Shata Laksham Jepeycchruchih.(Without Aachara and good conduct. A Brahmana loses his Brahmanatwa as soon as he ceases to observe this ‘Daily Niyama’ or Regulation mandatory to a Brahmana. Parama Vidya and Parama Gati or way of Life. slandering are all germinators of depravities and derelictions. Para himsa and such other immoralities are not even thought of. reputation. by the left hand and handed over by others. a few renowned Maharshis entered and commended him for his feat of gulping Kalakuta Visha when Maha Deva corrected them that the Samasara Visha was to be 53 . Most importanly. while standing. birds and so on. never cross it. never meditate to Devas by showing the back such as Surya and Chandra Devas. the Parama Tapas. As Agni is pure and Sacred. Sarovaras and other water bodies as they too are among the Pancha Bhutas.Mada-Matsaras. Para Daaraa. haughtiness. Para dravya. Parama Shiva further underlined the basic principles of Virtue viz. and such deeds. Truthfulness : Yatsatyam Brahma ityaahurasatyam Brahma dushanam. Guruh Saakshaat Parahbrahma tasmai Shri Guraveynamah/ The anger or even marginal displeasure of Guru would advesely affect the Sishya’s morale. Similarly. never misuse Rivers. Anrutam Parusham Shathyam Paishunyam Paapa hetukam/ Paradaaraanparadravyam Parahimsaam cha sarvadaa. Agni Karya. thinking capacity and recurrent difficulties of life including ill-health.Moha. they should follow a strict regimen in the context of food consumption as Shiva is always considered as a Bhokta of Naiveydya -anna or the food offered to him by Bhaktaas. donkeys. Never walk alon on lonely places. one should esteem his or her Guru as equal to Tri Murtis and that is why the hymn: Guruh Brahma Gurur Vishnu Gurur Devo Maheswaraha. misguided or suspected). Shiva was emphatic about the observance of Varnaashrama Vidhana. Sandhya Vandana ought not to be discarded at any cost or provocation of the ‘Shadvargas’ of Kaama-Krodha-Lobha. wickedness. Maha Deva emphasised to Devi Parvati the utmost significance of performing ‘Trikaala Sandhyopaasana’and recital of Gayatri Mantra daily. Aachara is the Parama Dharma. dogs. camels. poverty and untimely death! It should be against such controlled and virtuous life that the concentrated practice of Panchaakshari Mantra would yield maximum results.
considered worse than the Kalakuta and should be avoided at all costs; the best way of avoidance is to disbelieve what ever was seen, heard and imagined and that was what the Nivrutthi Marga was all about. In the Samsara, there are various Jeevaas of Udbhija-SwedajaAndaja and Jaraajaya nature (Sprouted from Earth, born out of sweat, born out of eggs and born out of yoni) and they are all subject to desires which spread out far and wide like wild fire and end up each and every material into Bhasma. Like the diseases of the nature of Raaga and Dwesha (Liking or disliking) the canker spreads a huge tree and finally gets uprooted. The big tree called Punya gets fallen and even Devas were not free from the falls or periodic dethronements but for the intervention of Maha Shaktis! Deva, Danava, Nripa and Manavaas are all subject to the distresses and torments of life. Vidya and Para Vidya or Vignaan and Atma Jnaan (Knowledge and the Spitituality) are no doubt the way out to conquer Samsara; Apara Vidya or Akhshara Gyan comprises Vedas and Vedantaas like Siksha, Kalpa, Vyakarana and so on and are of Shabda Swarupa. Doubtless, these means of Paraa and Aparaa Vidyas are useful to a great extent but Bhagavan would be the ultimate to free from the worldly bondages. These are indeed the steps forward from Samsara to Salvation or from Ajnaana to Jnaana to Paramatma. In other words, Agnaana arising out of Arishadvargas of Kama-Krodha etc would get dissolved by Gyana of the above kinds like Fire and from the melting pot, one could qualify to realise Shiva without whose instructions, Surya would not get woken up, Vayu would not proceed further and Chandra would not shine on the Sky, Agni would not produce heat and light, Bhumi would not hold the Samsara and so on. Now to overcome the Samsarika Visha or the Poison of Life, there are no other ways of Gyaan and Dhyaan. Samsaara vishatatpaanaam Jnaanadhyaanaamruteyna vai, Pratikaara samaakhyaato naanyathaa Dwijasattamaah/ Jnaanam Dharmodbhavam Saakshaat jnaanaa-dwiraagya sambhavah, Vairaagyaatparamam jnaanam Paramaartha prakaashakam/ Jnaana Vairagya yuktasya Yoga Siddhirdwijottama, Yoga Siddhya vimuktih Syaatsatva nishthasya naanyathaa/ Tamovidyaapadacchinnam yatpadamavyayam, Sarva Shaktim Samaasthaaya Shivamabhyarchaey dwijaa/ Yah Satvanistho madbhakto madaschana Paraayanah, Sarvato Dharma nishthascha Sadotsaahi Samayutah/ Sarva dwanda saho dheerah Sarva bhutahitey ratah, Rujuswabhaavah satatam swastha chitto mruduh sada / Amaani Buddhimaan- cchantastyaktaspardho Dwijottama, Sadaa Mumukshurdharmajnah swaatmalakshana lakshanah/ Runatraya vinirmuktah purva jnmani Punya bhaak, Jaaa yukto Dwijo bhutwaa Shraddayaa cha Guroh krammat/
Anyathaa vaapi sushrushaam krutwaa krutrima vajkitah, Swargaloka manupraapya bhuktwaa bhogaananukramaat/ (The poison of Life bursting into flames and burning off Manavaas would never cease excepting by the recourse of Jnaana and Dhyana; those who could withstand the extremes of life as also possess soft attitude, equaminity, gentleness, maturity of outlook, peacefulness, previous birth’s carry forward of virtue, and are devoid of jealousy, anger, avarice, passion, arrogance shoul attain Swargaloka. Sacrifice, determination and progressive attitude would be the singular way-out of withstanding the poisons of Samsara!) ‘Arishta-Mrityu Suchanaas’ and precautions like Japa and Maha Kshetra Darshana Suta Maha Muni indicated certain premonitions of untoward tidings and of death when human beings ought to intensify virtuous deeds as the last breathing might arrive. The visions of Arundhati, Dhruva and the Celestial routes would mean that a person concerned might not last more than a year. Vision of Surya without rays and Agni with rays might indicate an eleven month end ahead; Mutra and Pureesha as gold and silver indicates that the end might approach within ten months; seeing a Golden Tree, or visit of a Gandharva Nagari or visions of Preta-Piscachas might allow a further life of nine months more; dream of a very huge monster or a skeletal figure could forewarn an eight month ahead; image of dust storm or muddy rain could indicate the end within seven months; a dream of a crow, or a kite or dove or any other meat-eating bird on a person’s head might presume death within six months; Straight lined crows flying on the sky could indicate death within the next four five months; thunders on a cloudless and clear sky or rainbow seen in a water body or a distorted image of one’s own self that the end might be within a couple of months; death is stated to be destined within a month when the person concerned would vision the self without head; an experience of the smell of a dead body or of unbearably rotten food could imagine that death might be withi some twenty five days; monkey dance while riding a chariot towards South might signpost already; a black robed woman leading a person towards South, vision of a headless body , a naked Sanyasi dancing, red face and yellow cheeks are signs of death. As the premonitions of one’s end is foreseen either dirctly or through dreams, then a wise person would immediately sit facing north before a lamp and peacefully concentrate on Parama Shiva and continue to be engaged in Dhyana by way of eyes of an idol or picture of Maha Deva,, ears by hearing hymns in praise of Him, smell Gandha and fragrance of flowers, mind and thought targetted to Him and Soul united with Him, and the whole body filled up with Omkara comprising three ‘Maatraas’ or Parts; the first Maatra is stated to be ‘Vidyuti’ or the Electric, the Second Maatra is ‘Taamasi’ and the final Maatra is Nirguna. ‘Pranava’ or Omkaara is like the Dhanush or a bow, Atma is described as the Arrowand Paramatma is the target. The person concerrned is to perform the Sadhana or the Holy Endeavour with steady mind and soul. In the word of OM there are Tri Maatraas of Akaara,Ukaara and Makaaraas, Tri Lokas, Tri Vedas, Tri Agnis, Tri Gunas and Tri Murtis. Akaara represents Bhu loka, Ukara of Bhuvar loka and Makaara the Swarloka withVyanjana in between. Omkara is Triloka maya; its head is Trivishtap, Prathama Maatra is hraswa or short, Dwiteeya Maatra is is Deergha or long and the ThirdMaatra is called ‘Pluta’. Those who practise Pranava is stated to enjoy the fruit of Ashwamedha Yagna.This would endow the Shakti and Power of Jitendriya, Pavitra and of Super Soul. This indeed is the Essence of ‘Paashupata Yoga’ by means of which the awareness of Jnaana, Brahmana, Ruk-Yajur-Saama Vedas and of Upanishads is automatically highlighted and ‘Shaswata Pada’ is secured. A highly committed and dedicated Namaskara to Shiva is like the ripe fruit on a tree swept by speedy wind power
would fall on one’s own lap! Indeed an intelligent person need not wait till premonitions of death are conveyed to perform the effective means of Virtue. Maharshis underlined the enormous advantage of Kshetra Darshana. Mahadeva himself narrated to Devi Parvati of a few Shiva Lingas in some places of repute: Vaaraanasi manupraapya Darshayaamaasa Shankarah, Avimukteshwaram Lingam Vaasam tatra chakaara saha/ Vaaraanassi Kurukshetra Shri Parvata Mahaalaey, Tungeshvarey cha Kedaarey tatashaaney yoyatirbhavet/-Naimishecha Kurukshetrey Gangaadwaarey cha Pushkarey— Prayaagey vaa bhavenmoksha iha vaa matparigrahaat--Jaigeeshvaya guhaa sreshthaa Yoginaam sthaanamishyatey Kaivalyamnparamam yaati Devaanaamapi durlabham--Vyaghreswara iti Khyato nityamannahamaashitah, Na punargatim yaati drushtenam Vyaghrameeswaram/---Shaileswara miti khyatam drushyataa miha chaadaraat drushtetanmanujo Devi na Durgatimato vrajet—Sangameshwaramityevam khyaatam Jagatinmdryushyataam—-Madhyameshwaramityevam khyaatam Sarva Suraasurai--Puraa Jambukarupena Jagati khyatam Suraasuranamaskrutyam— Drumachandeswaram naama Bhadreswaramanuttamam, Shtaaneswaram tathaikaagatam Kaleshwaramajeswaram— Amaresham Mahaakaayam Jyotisham Bhasmagaatrakam yaani chaanyaani Punyaani sthaanaani mama Bhutaley— Rameswaram cha paramam Vishnunaa yadpratishthitam, Dakshina dwaara paarswey tu Kundaleswara meeswaram/ Purwadwaara sameepastham Triputaanthakamuttamam, Vivruddham Girinaasaartham Devadeva namaskrutam--Shringaatakeshwaram naama Shri Devyaa tu pratishthitam, Mallikaarjunakam chaiva mama Vaasamidam Shubham— Koteswram Mahaa tirtham Rudrakoti Ganaih Puraa,
But the revalation was as follows: Varaharupamanagham chachaala cha Dharaa punah. Amareshwara. Damshtraa jagraaha drushtwaa taam bhushanaartyha mathaan manaha/ Dadhaara cha Mahadevam kurchitey vai Mahorasi/ Devaascha tushtavah sendraa Devadevasya Vaibhavam/ Dharaa Pratishthitaa hyovam Deva Devena Leelayaa/ 57 . Sthaaneshwara. Koteshwara. Tungeshwara. Tripuraantakeshwara. Shringatakeshwara / Mallikarjuna.)’ Shiva Leelaas: Andhaka pardoned. Prahlada rescued and Jalandhara killed (Nrisimha Stuti included) Andhaka was the son of Daitya Hiranyaaksha of Varaaha Avataara fame of Vishnu Deva. Tasya damshtraa. Brahma an Vishnu had all aproached Maha Deva as the atrocites of Andhaka became unbearable. Shiva was pleased as Andhaka said: Bhagavan Deva Devesha! Bhaktaarthihara Shankara Twayi Bhaktihvpraseedesha yadi Deyo Varaschamey/ The Daitya was blessed by Maha Deva to secure the unique position of ‘Ganaadhipatya’. Maha Deva lifted up the Daitya and dangled and suspended him by the Trishula exposing him to the heat and high temperature of Surya Deva on the Sky. Rameshwara. Jambukeshwara. Bhudevi saved. Playfully. The Daitya realised the Supremacy of Maha Deva and commenced his Prayers. Sangameshwara. Kaleswara. Chandikaa nirmitam Sthaanamambikaa Tirthamuttamam/ ( The above is a brief mention of Tirthas including Varanasi / Avamukteshwara. Kundaleshwara. Naimisha. his father Hiranyaaksha or the Golden-Eyed Demon who also was the brother of the equally notorious Daitya named Hiranyakashipu attempted to forcibly drag and pull down Bhu Devi to Rasatala and Bhagavan Vishnu assumed the Incarnation of Matsya Deva and retrieved the Bhu Devata back to her original position by the might of his ‘damshtras’ and saved the entire Bhu Loka. Gangadwara. Vyaaghreshwara. Kurukshetra. the latter killed the Daitya as he sought to pull down Bhu Devi to Rasatala. PushkaraPryaga.kraantaam Deva devasya dheematah/ Yadrucchayaa Bhavah Pashyan jagaama Jagadehs -warah. Devas. Andhaka was highly ill-famed having secured the boon of invincibility from Brahma. Devaih Sarvestu Shakraadyaih sthaapitaani Varaananey--Chandikeshwarakam Devi Chandikeshaa twamaatmajaa. Jaageshwara. Shaileshwara. overthrew Indra and Devas from Swarga and made them shelterless besides tormenting Sages and the Virtuous. Kedaara. Gomandaleshwara etc. Shri Parvata. Madhyeshwara. Quite contrary to the occurrence of Andhaka. Bhadreswara.Sevitam Devi Pashyaadya Sarvasmaadadhikam Shubham— Gomandaleshwaram chaiva Nandaadyaih Supratishthitam. In his own right. Shiva was present at the battle field and asked Devas to fight but Andhaka became too powerful to Indra and Devas.
he utilised Saama-Daana-Bheda-Danda ways of diversion from Vaasudeva by way of persuation. throwing from Mountain tops. Indeed the miraculous escapes of saving Prahlada were the handi-work of Narayana but the creation of a distinctive species of Nrisimha who was neither human nor of animal as per the prescription of Brahma’s boon to the Daitya. Brahma granted the boon that none shoud be able to secure victory against him by Devas. Antakaaya Namastubhya mumaayaah patayenamah/ Hiranya baahavey Saakshaadhiranya pataye namah. The latter was a confirmed Vishnu Bhakta and was always recited the Mantra of Om Namo Narayanaya. No wonder Nrisimha who appeared as the Destroyer was Maha Deva Himself thus proving the Identity of Shiva and Vishnu once again in the context of Hirnya kashipu and Prahlada. but the Damshtra of Varaha itself was the all. As the whole world was harassed by the Daitya. flexibility of outlook and peace.Bhutaanaam samplavey chaapi Vishnoschaiv Kalebaram/ Brahmanascha tathaanyeshaam Devaanaamapi Leelaya Vibhuranga vibhogena bhushito na yadi Prabhuh/ Katham Vimukti Vipraanaam tasmaaddhamshtri Maheswarah/ ( Varaha Rupa Vishnu retrieved Bhu Devi thanks to the enormous might of the ‘Damshtra’ of Varaha Deva. As Maha Deva assumed the unique Narasimha Rupa and demolished the Demon. Prahlada became the Prime target as he was the Bhakta of Narayana. Nanah Shivaaya Sharvaaya Shanakaayarti haariney/ Mayaskaraaya Vishwaaya Vishnavey Brahmaney namah. Maanavas. Brahmaadi Devas and Gana Gandharva Siddhaapsaraas extolled him to cool him down from the mood of rage and wrath as follows: Namastey Kalakaalaaya Namastey Rudra manyavey. Yaksha-Rakshasa-Gandharvaas and Kinnaroraga or any other species of Srishti. Suta Maha Muni then referred to the Episode of Hiranyaasha’s brother Hiranyakashipu and of Prahlada. revenge and extraordinary strength typical of Rudra the Samhaara kaari the epitome of violence and ruthlesseness if need be and a natural and Supreme Annihilator as opposed to Vishnu’s Raajasika Guna of Preservation. creating differences of mind against Vishnu and finally took recourse to physical tortures ranging from snake bites. But Hiranyakashipu was an arch enemy of Vishnu and pursuant to his deep tapsya. offering valuable gifts including fulfillment of Earthly desires. exposure to wild animals and so on. Sharvaaya Sarva Rupaaya Purushaaya Namo namah/ Sadasdbhakti heenaaya Mahata Kaaranaaya tey. The Daitya King made all out efforts to deviate Prahlada from the Narayana fold. that was how Vishnu was able to rescue as supportd by the damshtra of Maha Deva). Nityaaya Vishwa rupaaya Jaayamaanaaya tey Namah/ 58 . was materialised full of Tamasika Guna of cruelty.powerful Maha Deva while Vishnu was Vishnu’s body. Namah Shivaaya Rudraaya Shankaraaya Shivaayatey/ Ugrosi Sarva Bhutaanaam niyamtaamsi Shivosi nah.
Purusha rupaauya Purushaka tatpuru .shaaya vai namah/ Purushaarthapradaanaaya pataye Parameshthiney. Kapardiney namastubhyam Kaalakanthaaya tey namah/ Kapadiney namastubhyam Kaalakanthaaya tey namah. Taaraaya cha Sutaaraaya Taaranaaya namo namah/ Harikeshaaya Devaaya Shambhavey Paramatmaney. 59 . Nama Ugra Trishulaaya Ugraaya cha Namo namah/ Bhimaaya Bhima rupaaya Bhimakarmarataaya tey.Jaataaya bahudhaa lokey prabhutaaya namo namah. Meedhushtamaaya Devaaya Shitikanthaaya tey namah/ Mahiyasey namastubhyam Hantrey Devaarinaam sadaa. Vaamaaya Vaama rupaaya Vaama netraaya tey namah/ Aghora rupaaya Vikataaya vikata shareeraaya tey namah.atra Devesha tatkurushva bhavaaniha/ Ugresi Sarva dushtaanaam niyamtaasi Shivbisinah. Daityendreyrbahubhih saardham hitaartham Jagataam Prabhuh/ SaimhimSamaananyaayonim baadhatey nikhilam jagat. Ishaanaaya Namamastubhymeeshvaraaya Namo Namah/ Brahmaney Brahmmarupaaya namah Saakshaacchivaaya tey. Devaanaam Shambhavey tubhyam Bhutaanaam Shambhavey namah/ Shambhavey Haimavatyaascha manyavey Rudra rupiney. Yatkrutya. Chakriney Vaarminey nityam Dautyaanaam Karma bhediney/ Sadyaaya Sadya rupaaya Sadyojaataaya tey namah. Agnmeyvadhaaya vai Bhutwaa Namo Durey vadhaayacha/ Dhanbviney Shuliney tubhyam Gadiney Haliney namah. Sarva Vishnurnrisimhasya rupamasthaaya Vishwakrut/ Hiranyakashipum hatwaa kararjairnakhai swayam. Rudraaya Nila Rudraaya Kadrudraaya prachetasey/ Kaalaaya Kaalaupaaya namah Kaalaanga haariney.
that he ignored the enormous Mahima of Brahma Deva and that lately even the mighty Vishnu was humbled in straight battles. who was born of water and the resident of water from where his strength got re-doubled from time to time and kept the totality of the Universe under his feet and defeated in a series of battles the Devas and Indra and even Brahma and Vishnu! As there was a furore and scare created among all the Beings and since the Daitya displayed arrogance. As the Daitya was killed there emerged mammoth streams of his blood which right upto Maha Rourava Naraka where he was destined to reach for retribution. Varuna. His chariot too got burnt off and as he became desperate the Daitya lifted his shoulders to lift his powerful Chakra but Shiva released his Trishula and the daitya’s body was slashed into two halves. Yet another Shiva Leela was in the context of the slaying Daitya Jaalandhra. tormented Brahmanaas to perform Yagnas in his name and the co-Daityas and as the tip of the ice-burg haraassed his own son Prahlada a confirmed Narayana Bhakta even to the extent of murdering him but for the intervention of Vishnu). Maha Deva merely smiled and was amused at his ego. yah patheycchrunuyaadwaaipi samstavam shaarvamutthamam/ Rudralokamanupraapya Rudrena saha modiney/ (As Brahma. He pressed his toes to form ever increasing sheets of water and challenged the Daitya to extricate himself from the ever-gushing water if he could! Then Bhavan opened his Third Eye a he was called Bhaga Netra of the Aksouhinis of his mammoth army got instantly got burnt into ashes. and a huge sense of invincibility. Devatas and others extolled Nrisimha Deva as above.Kaalakutaadi vapushaa traahi nah sharanaagataan/ Shukram tu vruttam Vishvesha kreedaa vai kevalam vayam. Jaalandhara bragged a lot that he kept Devas like Surya. Narayana accompanied by Brahma. Tatonmesha nimeshaabhyaamaskaamam pralayodayou/ Unmeelayetthvayi Brahmanvinaashosti na tey Shiva Samptatasmo vayam Deva Harinaamita tejasaa/ Sarvbaloka hitaayainam tatwam samhartu micchasi/ Evam stutastadaa Devairajagaama sa yathaakramam. On facing Maha Deva. ‘Vishnu kruta Shiva Sahasra Naamaavali’ Suta Maha Muni narrated that having installed a Maha Shiva Linga on the top of Himalayas 60 . Vayu. Agni etc. Indra and the whole lot of Celestial Beings approached as a last resort. Chandra. Apsaras who had been in bondage under the Daitya for very many years went berserk with dances and Saptarshis recited Scriptures of Victory with enormous relief and gratitude to the ever merciful Parameshwara. completely upset the balance of Universe by breaking the established the age-old Laws of Nature. Gandharvas a Kinnaras sang reverberating songs in praise of Parama Shiva. unbridled insolence and audacity. Yama. Devas showered flowers from Indra loka. as headed by Indra under his feet. immorality. self-pride. As this unique devastation of Jaalandhara happened. the latter cooled down and re-established Dharma and Virtue on Earth since Hiranya kashipu dared to dethrone Indra and Devas. threatened Maharshis to worship him and not Narayana / Mahadeva.
Unmatta veshah Pracchhanno Jita Kaamo Jita priyah/ 33) Kalyaana Prakritih Kalpah Sarvaloka Prajaapatih. Amritaangomrita vapuh Panchayagnah Prabhanjanah/ 28) Pancham Vimshiti Tatwajnah Paarijaatah Paraavarah. Chaturmukhaschatur baahudduraavaaso duraasadah/ 24) Durgamo Durlabho Durgah Sarvaayudha Vishaaradah. Tapaswin Taarako dheemaa Pradhaana Prabhuravyayah/ 34) Lokapaalontarhitaatmaa Kalpaadih Kamalekshanah. Smashaanaanilayah Sukshmah Smashaanastho Maheswarah/ 15) Lokakarta Bhutapatir mahaakartaa Mahowshadhi. Loka kaaro Vedakaarah Sutrakaarah Sanaatana/ 18) Maharshih Kapilaachaaryo Vishvadeeptistrilochanah/ Pinaaka Paani Bhurdevah Swastidah Swastikrudstadaa/ 19) Tridhaamaa Soubhagah Sharvah Sarvajnah Sarv gocharah. Ugrah Pashupatistaatha kaksharya priya bhaktah Priyam vadah/ 14) Daataa Dayaakaro Dakshah Kapardi Kaama shaasanah.Vishnu Bhagavan worshipped with each Kamala flower and samitha in Agni along with the recital of each name of Shiva Shasra naamaas as follows: 1)Bhavah Shivo Haro Rudrah Purushah Padmalochanah. Visaalaksho Mriga Vyaadhah Sureshah Suryataapanah/ 13) Dharmakarmaakshamah Kshetram Bhagavaan Bhaganetrabhit. Abhivaado Mahaachaaryo VishvakarmaaVishaaradah/ 32)Veeta raago Vinitaatma Tapaswi BhutaBhaavanah. Kaalakaalah Krutthivaasaah Subhagah Pranavaatmakah/ 10) Unmattha veshaschakshushyo Durvaasah Smara shaasanah. Bhamashuddhi karo Meru Raajoswi Shuddha Vigrahah/ 26) Hiranya retaastara nirnirmamaree chirmahilaalayah. Ahramah kshapana Khaamo Jnaanavaana chalaachalah/ 30) Pramaana BhutoDurjayah Suparno Vaayu Vaaanah. Dhanurdharo Dhanurvedo Guna raashir gunaakarah/ 31) Anantadrushti –raanando dando Damayitaa Damah. Kuberabandhuh Shri Kantho Loka Varnottamottahah/ 12) Saamaanya Devah Kodandi Nilakanthah Parashwadhi. Adhyaatmayoga nilayah Sutantustantu vardhanah/ 25) Shubhaango Loka saarango Jagatishomritaashanah. Dhyaanaadhaaro paricchedyo Gauri Bhartaa Ganeswarah/ 6)Ashtamurtirvishwamurtirstrivargah Sarvasaadhanah. Bhasma priyo Bhasma shaahi Kaami kantah kritaagamah/ 23) Samaayukto Nivruttaatmaa Dharma Yuktah Sadaa Shivah. Gangaadharah Shuladharah Paraathaika prayojanah/4) Sarvajnah Sarva Devaadi Giridhanwaa Jataadharah. 2) Arthitavyayah Sadaachaarah Sarva Shamhumeeshwarah. Sarvakarmaachalastwashtaa Mangalyo Mangaavritah/ 37) Mahatapaa Dirghatapaah Sthvavishtah Sthaviro Dhruvah. Ishah Pinaaki Khatvaangi Chitra veshadchirantanah/ 9) Tamoharo Mahaa Yogi Goptaa Brahnaangatdhujjati. Mahaahlado Mahaagarbhah Siddhivrindaara vantitah/ 27) Vyaaghra charma dharo Vyaali Mahaabhuto Mahaa Nidhih. Brahma dhrug Vishwasrukswargah Kanikaarah Priyah Kavih/ 20) Shaakho Vishaakho Goshaakhah Shivo naikah kratuh samah.Veda Shaastraartha Tatwajno Niyamo Niyamaashrayah/ 35) Chandrah Suryah Shanih Keturviraamo Vidrumacchavih. Uttaro Gopatirgopta Jnaanagamya Puraatanah/ 16) Neetih Suneetih Shuddaatmaa Soma Somaratah sukhi. Dhrudhaa. Shulabha Suvratah Shuro Vangmayaika nidhirnidhih/ 29) Varnaashrama Gurur varni Shatrujitcchatru taapanah.yudhah Skanda Guru Parameshthi Paraayanah/ 11) Anaadi madhya nidhano Girisho Giribandhanah. Bhakti gamyah Param rahma Mriga baanaarpanonaghah/ 36) Adri Raajaalaha Kaantah aramaatmaa Jagadguruh. Gangaaplavodako Bhaavah Sakala sthaapitarsthirah/ 21) Vijitaatmaa Vidheyyatmaa Bhuta vaahana saarathih. Vishwa rupo Virupaaksho Vaageeshah Shuchintarah/ 8) Sarvapranaya samvaadi Vrushaanko Vrisha vaahanah. Ishwarah Sthaanireeshaanah Sahasraakshah Sahasrapaat/ 3)Vareeyaan Varado Vandyah Shankarah Parameshwarah. Jnaanagamyo Drudhah Prajno Deva Devastrilochanah/ 7) Vaama Devo Mahaa Devah Paanduh Paridhrudho Dhrudah. Somapomritapah Somo Mahaaneetir mahaa –matih/ 17) A jaata shatruraalokah Sambhavo Havyavaahanah. Chandrapeedaschandramoulir vidwaan Vishwaamareshewarah/ 5) Vedaantasaara sandohah Kapaali Nilalohitah. Saguno Ganakaaryascha Sukeertis –chhinna samshaha/ 22) Kaama devah Kaamapaalo Bhasmodvilita vigrah. Aho Samvatsaro Vyaaptih Pramaanam Parama 61 .
Vidvattamo Veeta bhayo Vishwahartaa nivaaritah/ 58) Nityo niyata kalyaanah Punya shravana keertanah.vetta Tivranaado Nadeedharah/ 52) Agnaadhaarastrishuli cha sipivishtah Shivaalayah. Anirdeshyvapur Shrimaan Sarvahaaryamito gatih/44) Bahushruto Bahu Mayo Niyantaatma Bhavodbhavah. Ruchirvara ruchir vidyo Vaachaspatiraharpatih/ 56) Ravirvirochanah Skandhah Shaastaa Vaivasvato janah. Gayatri Valllabhavah Praamshurvishwa vaasah Prabhaakarah/ 66) Shishurgiritatah Saamraat Sushenaha Surashatruhaa. Ateendrayo Mahaa Maayah Sarvaa Vaasashchatushpathah/ 42) Kaala Yogi Mahaa Naado Mahotsaaho Maha Balalah/ Mahaabuddhr mahaa viryo Bhutachaari Purandharah/ 43) Niscaacharah Pretachaari Mahaashaktir Mahaa -dytutih. Ahah Sarveshwarah snigdho Mahaa retaa Mahaa balah/ 39) Yogi Yogyo Mahaaretaah Siddhah Sarvaadiragnidah. Tatwaatthatwa Vivekaatmaa Vibhushanurbhuti bhushanah/ 63) Rishir Brahmanavivijjishnur janma mrityu jaraatigah. Adharmashatru rakshasya Puruhutah Purushtutah/ 72) Brahma Garbho Brihadgarbho Dharma Dhenurdhanaagamah. Yuktirunnata kirtischa Shaanta raagah Paraajayah/ 57) Kailasapati Kaamaarih Savitaa Ravilochanah. Pingalah Kapilashmashruh Shaastra netra strayitanuh/ 68) Jnaanaskandho Maha Jnaani Niruptirupaplavah. Anaadirbhurbhuvo Lakshmih Kiriti tripadasha adhipah/ 60) Vishwagoptaa Vishva Bhartaa Sudheero Ruchiraangadah. Nivaarana Dharmajno Virincho Vishta Shavaah/ 76) Atma bhura nirudhhotri Jnaana Murtir Mahaa Yashaah. Vishwatthamo Veetabhayo Vishwa bhartaa Nishaakarah/ 50) Vyavasaayo Vyavastthaanah Sthaanado Jagadaadijah. Vasurvasumanaah Satyah Sarva paapaharo Harah/ 40) Amritah Shaswatah Shaanto Baana hastah prataapavaan. Pratishthatah Praagmajno Hiranyakavacho Harih/ 48) Virochanah Suragano Vidyesho Vibhudha ashrayah. Nakshatra maali Rakeshah Swaadhishtaanah Shadaashrayah/ 70) Pavitra paanih Paapaarirmanipuro Manogatih/ Hrutpundareeka maaseenah Shuklah Shaanto Vrishaakapih/ 71)Vishnurgrahapatih Krishnah Samarthonartha naashanah. Pancha Brahma Samutpatti Vishvesho Vimalodayah/ 65) Atmayoniraadyanto Shatvimshatsapr loka dhruk. Yajno yajna paritryajjwaa Yajnaantomogha vikramah/ 64) Mahendro Durbharah Seni Yajgnaango Yagjnavaahanaha. Amoghorishta -mathano Mukundo Vigatajjvarah/ 67) Swayamjyotiranujyotirachanchalah. Kamandaludharo Dhanvi Vedaango Vedavin Munih/ 41) Bhraajishnur bhojanam bhoktaa Loka Netaa Duraadharah. Amogha dandi Madhyastho Hiranyo Brahmavarchasi/ 55) Paramaarthah Paramayah Shambaro Vyaghrakonalah. Janano Jana Janmaadih Preetimaanniti maannayah/ 61) Visishta Kaashyapo Bhaanurbheemo Bheema paraakramah. Vaalakhilyo Mahaachaapastigmaanshuhrnithi ravyayah/ 53) Abhiraamaha Susharanah Subrahmanyah Sudhaapatih. Aoujastejo Dhyutikaro Nartakah Sarva Kaamakah/ 45) Nrityapriyo Nrityanritriyah Pakaashaatma Prataapavaan. Jagaddhitaishi sugatah Kumaarah Kushalaagamah/ 73) Hiranya Varno Jyotishmaatraana bhuta dharo dhwanih. Ishto Vishishtah Shishteshthah Sharabha Sharabho dhanuh/ 47) Apaam Nidhirashishtaanam Vijayo Nija Kaalavit. Bhago Viviswaanaadityo Yogaachaaryo Brihaspatih/ 69) Udaara Kirtirudyogi Sadyogi Sadasanmayah. Veera Chudaamair. Pranavah Saptadhaachaaro Mahaakaayo Mahaa Dhanuh/ 62) Janmaadhipo Mahaa Devah Sakalaagama paaragah.tapah/ 38) Samvatsarakaro Mantraha Pratyayah sarva Darshanah. Mataamaho cha Maatarishwaa Nabhaswaan naaga haaradhruk/ 75) Pulasyah Pulaho-gastyo Jaatu Jaatu Karma Paraasharah. Balarupo Balonmaathi vivarto gahano Guruh/ 49) Karanam Kaaranam Kartaa Sarva Bandha vimochanah. Dundhubho Lalito Vishvo Bhavatmaatmani Samstitah/ 51) Veereshwaro Veerabhadro Veerahaa Veerabhrudviraat. Durashravaa Vishwasaho Dhyeyo Dusswapna naashanah/ 59) Uttarako Drushkrutihaa Dhurdharsho Duhsaho bhyayah. Loka Chudaamanit 62 . Bhuddhasshataaksharo Mantrah Samaanah Saarasam pluvah/ 46) Yugaadi krudyugaavartho Gambhiro Vrisha vaahanah. Arogo Nayamaadyaksho Vishwaamitro Dwijottamah/ 74) Brihajjotih Sudhaamaacha Maha Jyoti ranuttamah. Maghavaan koushiko Gomaan Vishraamah Sarva shaasanah/ 54) Lalaataaksho Vishwa Dehaha Saarah Samsaara chakra bhrut.
Deva Priyo Deva naatho Devajno Deva chintakah/ 113) Vishamaakshah Kalaadhyaksho Vrishaanko Vrisha Vardhanah. Brahma Vishnuh Prajaapaalo Hamso Hamsa geetiryamah/ 110) Vedhaa Dhaata Vidhaataa cha Attaa Hartaa Chaturmukhah. Bhutalayo Bhutapatir bhuto Bhuvaneshwarah/ 112) Samyogi Yogavidbrahmaa Brahmanyo Braahman priyah. Anapyaaksharah Kaantah Sarva Shaastra bhrutaam varah/ 106) Tejomayo Dyutidharo Lokamaayograniranuh/ Shuchismitah prasannatmaa Durjayo Duratikramah/ 107) Jyotirmayo Niraakaaro Jagannatho Jaleshwarah. Chandra sanjjevanah Shaastaa Lokagudho – maraadhipah/ 105) Loka bandhurloka naathah Kritajnah Kruti bhushanah. Jaryo Jaraadhi shamano Lohitascha Tanupapaat/ 80) Prushadashvo Nabhoyonih Supratikastamistriha. Linghaadhyashah Suraadhaksho Yugaadhyaksho Yugavaha/ 97) Swavashah Suvashaha. Nidaaghastapano Meghah Pakshah Para Puyranjayah/ 81) Mukhaanilah Sunishpannah Surabhih Shishiraamakah. Devaasureswaro Divyo Devaasura Maheswarah/ 93) Sarva Vedamayo -chintyo Devatatmaatma sambhavah. Alankarishnutatwachalo Rochishnurvikramotthamah/ 78) Aashushabda. Brahmachaari Lokachaari Dharmachari Dhanaa-dhipatah/ 96) Nandi Nandeyshwaro Nagno Nagna-Vrata dharah Shuchih. Eedyaayo-neeshah Suravyaaghro Deva Simho Divakarah/ 94) Vibhuraagra Varah Sreshthah Sarava Devottamottamah. Smashaana nilayasthishyah Setura pratimaakrutih/ 99) Lokottara sphutaalokastrayambiko Naga bhushanah. Chaturvedaschatur bhaavas -chaturaschatura priyah/ 86) Aamnaayotha Samaanayastirtha Deva Shivaalayah. Pingalaakshoya Haryaksho Neelagreevo Niraamayah/ 89) Sahasra Baahuha Sarveshah Sharanyah Sarva Loka bhrit. Tejonidhir jnaananidhirvipaako Vighna kaarakah/ 84) Adharonuttaro jneyo jyeshtho Nisshreya saalayah. Satwavaan Saatvikah 63 . Bahurupo Maharupah Sarvarupaascharaacharah/ 87) Nyaayanirvaahako Nyaayo Nyaayagamyo Niranjanah. Sadgatih Satkrutih Saktah Kaalakanthaha Kalaadharah/ 104) Maani Maanyo Mahaakaalah Sadgatih Satyaparaayanah. Purnah Puriyata Punyah Sukumaarah Sulochanah/ 102) Saama geyah Priyankarah Punya keertiranaamayah. Manojavastirthakaro Jatilo Jeeviteshwarah/ 103) Jeevitaanta karo Nityo Vasuretaa Vasupriyah. Nirmado Nirahamkaaro Nirmoho Nirupadravah/ 114) Darpahaa Darpito Draptah Sarvartu Parivartakah. Swargah Swarah Swara-mayaswanah/ Beejaadhyaksho Beejakartaa Dhanakruddhanavardhanah / 98) Dambho dambho Mahadambhah Sarva Bhutameheswarah. Paavanah Pururjicchakrastrividyo Nara vaahanah/ 83) Mano Buddhir ahankaarah Kshetrajnah Kshetra Paalakah. Sahasra mutrhaa Devendrah Sarva Shastrta prabhanjanah/ 88) Mundo Virupo Vikrutom Dandi Daanto Gunottamah. Tumbi Veeni Maakaayo Vishokah Shoka naashanah/ 108) Trilokaatmaa Trilokeshah Shuddhah Shuddhi Rathaakshajah. Shiva Jnaana niratah Shriman Shikhi Shri Parvaa Priyah/ 95) Jayastambho Vishisthambho Nara Simha nipatanah. Asamtushtotithih Shakrah Pramaathi Paapanaashanah/ 79) Vasushravaah Kavya Vaahaha Pratapto Vishwa bhojanah.patir vegi Pluvanah Shikhi saarathih. Andhakaarirmukhadweshi Vishnu kandhara paatanah/ 100) Veetadosho kshaya guno Dakshaarih Pushadantadhvat. Sapta Jimhavah Sahasraarchih Snidhah Prakrti dakshinah/ 115) Bhuta bhavya Bhavannathah Prabhavo Bhraanti naashanah. Arthonartho Mahakoshah Parakaaryaika paditah/ 116) Nishkantakah Kritaanando Nirvyaajo Vyaja mardanah. Avyakta lakshano Vyakto Vyaktaavyakto vishaampatih/ 109) Varasheelo Varatulo Maano Maana dhano mayah. Paraavarajno beejeshaya Sumukhah Sumahaaswanah/ 91) Devaasura Gurur devo Devasura Namaskritah Devaasura Mahaa maatro Devaasura Mahaashrayah/ 92) Devaadi Devo Devashi Devaasura Varapradah. Dhurjatih Khandaparashuh Sakalo Nishkalo ghanah/ 101) Aadhaarah Sakalaadhaarah Panduraabho Mundo natah. Vasanto Maadhavo Greeshmo Nabhasyo beeja vaahanah/ 82) Angiraamuniraatreyo Vimalo Vishwa vaahanah. Shailo Nagastanurdoho Daanavaari rindama/ 85) Chaarudhirjanakaschaaru vishalyo Loka shalya krit.veerah Chanda Satya paraakramah/ 77) Vyalakalpo Mahaakalpo Mahaa Vrikshah Kalaadharah. Kaislaasa Shikhiraavaasi Sarvaavbaasi Sataam Gatih/ 111) Hiranyagarbho Harinah Purushah Purvajah Pitaa. Padmaasanah Paramjyotih Paraavarparamam phalah/ 90) Padmagarbho Mahagarbho Vishwagarbho Vichakshanah.
Kaala bhakshaha Kalamkaarih Kankanikruta vaasukih/ 128) Maheshwaso Mahibharta Nishkalamko vrishankhalah. An enraged Maha Deva got furious and having created Virabhadra ordered the latter to destroy Daksha Yagna. Asankhyoprameyatma Veeryavaan Kaaryakovidah/ 126) Vedyo Vedarthavidgopta Sarvaachaaro Muneeswarah. Aparaajitah Sarvasaho Vidagdhah Sarva Vaahanah/ 119) Adhrutah Swadhrutah Saadhyah Purti Murti Yashodharah. Avyktamo Duraadharsha Madhurah Priyadarshanah/ 127) Suresham Sharanam Sarvah Shabda Brahma Sataangatih. As 64 . Daksha’s daughter Sati Devi and wife of Maha Deva insisted on attending the Yagna even while Maha Deva objected initially but reluctantly agreed with Pramatha Ganas ecsorting her. Dyumanistaranirdhanyah Shiddidah Shiddhisaadhanah/ 129) Nivrittah Samvratah Shilpo Vyudhorasko Maha Bhujah. As Daksha disliked her attedance at the Yagna and openly criticised Maha Deva. Swabhava Rudro Madhyasthah Shatrughno Madhya naashakah/ 124) Shikhandi Kavachi Shuli Chandi Mundi cha Kundali. Paraartha Vrittir Varado Viviktah Shruti saagarah/ 123) Anirvanno Gunagrahi Kalankaankah Kalamkahaa. she neither stayed back at the Yagna nor felt proper returning to Shiva and had thus self-immolated in the Fire-pit.Satya keetimsthambha kritaagamah/ 117) Akampito Guna graahi naikaatmaa naika karma krit. but since one more Shiva Naama was still due in the Puja. Varaahashringa dhrugvaayur balavaaneka naayakah/ 120) Shruti prakaashaha Shritimaaneka Bandhuraneka dhruk. recites and remembers the afore-given Shiva Sahasramamaas would reap the fruit of performing Aswamedha Yagnaas and Shiva Loka prapti. Shiva also gifted Sudarshana Chakra to Vishnu as it was unused and remained with him unutilised as Shiva used a Shiva Dhanush to kill Tripurasuras. Maha Deva desired to test Vishnu who wondered how one lotus fell short of the count. Paramaartha Guru drishtir Gururaashrita vatsalah/ 133) Raso Ramajnah Sarvajnaha Sarva Satvaalambanah –Suta Vuvacha: Evam Naamnaam Sahasrena tushtaav Viishabhaddwajam/ [Also refer to Shiva Sahasranaamas in the Essence of Shiva Purana and Essence of Brahma Purana in the Series of Essence of Puranas along with meanings in English] As Bhagavan Vishnu prayed to Maha Deva by worshipping him with each lotus flower by reciting the name of Shiva as above. Supreetah Sumukhaha Sukshmah Sukaro Dakshinonalah/ 118) Skandah Skandha dharo Duryah Prakatah Preetivardhanah. Shiva further forecast to Vishnu that soon there would be a Daksha Yagna and that Devi Sati being Shiva’s Arthanareeswari would immolate herself in Agni out of frustration against her father and after the destruction of the Yagna. Mekhali Kavachi Khadgi Maayi Samsaara saarathih/ 125) Amrityuh Sarvadhruk Simhastejo raashir Mahaa Manih. she would return as Devi Parvati as Shiva’s wife and in the conduct of the future happenings Vishnu should play a proactive role in the times ahead! Whoever reads. Akaayo Bhakta kaayasthah Kaala jnaani Kalaavapuh/ 122) Satya vrata Maha Tyagi Nishtha Shanti Parayanah. Prashanta buddhi – rakshudrah Kshudrahaa Nitya Sundarah/ 132) Dhairgraya dhuryo Dhaatrishah Shaaklayah Sharvari patih. Sati’s immolation at Daksha Yagna. Stavyastava priyah stotaa Vyasamurtiranaakulah/131) Nirvadyapadopaayo Vidyaaraashiravikramah. Vishnu cut off his own eye and completed the Puja! Shiva appeared and emerged from Agni in the form of Sahsara Suryas when Devas ran away out of fear and Bhumi was in tremors! Then Maha Deva who was pleased with the puja gave back Vishnu’s eye to him since when Vishnu was called HARI or the stolen and also as PADMAKSHA or of lotus eye. Shri Vallabha Shivaarambhah Shaanti bhadrah Samanjasah/ 121) Bhushyo Bhutakrud bhutirbhushano Bhutavaahanah. Ekajyotirniraatanko Naro Narayana Priyah/ 130) Nirlepo Nishprapanchaatmaa Nirvyagro Vyagra naashanah. Shiva Parvati Kalyana and ‘Vighneshotpatti’ Daksha Prajapati’s jealousy for Maha Deva climaxed with Daksha Yagna to which Maha Deva was uninvited despite Sage Dadhichi’s intervention.
Akaaya yartha kaayaaya Hareyh kaayaapahariney/ Kaayaantastha amritaadhaara mandalaavasthitaaya tey. although for Loka Kalyana. In their anxiety to expedite the process of Shiva-Parvati wedding. Vighnesha be created who would give impediments to the Evil-doers and Facilities to Seekers of Good Deeds like women folk to grant good sons. Daanas. roamed aimlessy in forests to perfom Tapasya. Avighna as opposed to Vighna. There were no barriers (Vighnas) to immorality and wickedness and the malevolent forces on Earth had a free play enabled by extremities of Tamasika and Rajasika Gunas. Parama Shiva was annoyed at the mischievous provocation of Kama Deva and destroyed him by his Trinetra or the Third Eye. Kaali vishuddha Dehaaya Kaalikaa Karanaaya tey/ Kaala Kanthaaya Mukhyaaya Vaahanaaya Varaaya tey. That was the opportune time when Indra and Devas accompanied by Brahma approached Maha Deva when Dharma and Nyaaya ( Virtue and Justice) were at the lowest ebb and the evils perpetrated by Daitya-Danava-Rakshasas were abysmal. Meanwhile Vishnu. Brahmaanam cha Harim Vipraa labheypsitavaraa yatah/ Tatosmaakam Surah sreshthaa sadaa vijaya sambhavah. Shiva tested Parvati about her seriousness and guised as a semi-nude and mad vagabond critisised Shiva and a furious Parvati threw him out when he revealed his identity. The merciful Shiva no doubt gave the boon of the couple to become husband and wife again in their next births as Pradyumna the son of Krishna and Rukmini and Rati as Devi Maya. there should also indeed be a Facilitator of Good Deeds viz.Daksha was beheaded by Virabhadra. humans to be blessed with Karya Siddhi or Fulfilment of Good Deeds).The wedding of Purusha and Maya were thus consummated finally. Vighnesham Shankaram srashtam Ganapam stotumararhata/ (Thus Devas requested that a Personification viz. Parama Shiva condoned Daksha and revived him. Shiva continued his Tapasya and so did Parvati by reciting Om Namo Shivaaya Namah Mantra as taught to her by Sage Narada. Ambikaa pataye tubhyam Hiranya pataye namah/ Hiranya retasey chaiva Namah Sharvaaya Shuliney. Brahma and Devas prevailed Maha Deva to wed Devi Parvati. For instance the well-meaning persons should not face obstacles in their Yagnas. Finally Saptarishis were asked to mediate the auspicious wedding of Parvati the daughter of Himavaan and Maina. Teshaam tatastu Vighnaarthamavighnaaya Divoukasaam/ Putraartham chaiva Naareenaam Naraanaam karma Siddhaye. Devi Gauri coming of age was allowed to assist Maha Deva in his daily Tapasya and Indra and Devas had the know-how that only Skanda the second son of Shiva-Parvati could demolish Tarakasura. Rati Devi felt that her husband Kama Deva became a victim of the cross-fire. Kapaala danda paashaasi 65 . In this context. Kshetra Darshanas and such virtuous deeds and ‘Mangala Karyas’ or of Auspicious Tasks: Avighnam Yagna daanaadyaih samabhyarchya Maheswaram. Vratas. After the departure of Sati Devi. Maha Deva was forlorn. Kritaadibhedakaalaaya Kaala vegaaya tey namah/ Kaalaagni Rudra Rupaaya Dharmaadyashta padaayacha. Devas appealed to Maha Deva as follows: Namah Sarvatmaney tubhyam Sarvajnaaya Pinakiney/ Anaghaaya Virinchaaya Devyaah Karyaardha –daayinye . meanwhile two significant developments came to light that Tarakasura secured boons of invincibility from Brahna and Diatyas made havoc all over Trilokaas. Rishis felt that besides obstructing such rampant free play of Evil. Indra requested Kama Deva to release the arrows of passion on Shiva as Parvati was in Shiva’s silent worship.
Ruk-YajurSama Vedas are of your Form. you are also of the Swarupas of Brahma-Vishnu. Pancha Mukha. as also to those who perform Vedaadhyana. Panchaaksharadyasho tubhyam Paraatparataraaya tey/ Shodashaswara Vajraanga vaktraayaakshara rupeney. you are Maheswara and Sakshaat or in Rreality Parama Shiva Himself! Whoso ever would read. Trishuladhaari. Agni and Chandra are your Eyes.Middle-End. recount and relate the above Rudra Stuti would definetely aspire for Parama Gati!) As Devas made the above Stuti. Sarpa haara. Pinakapaani was extremely delighted and assured that he would neither allow any obstruction to Deva Karyas to be caused by any Daitya-Danava and such other mischievous forces nor encourage the success of any evil against virtue. Peetaaya Krishna Varnaaya Raktaayaanthyata tejasey/ Sthaana panchaka samsthaaya panchadaanda bahih kramaat. Adimadhyaantara shunyaaya chitsamsthaaya Namonamah/ Yamaagni vaayu Rudraambu Soma Shakra nishcaacaraih. As the Bala Ganapati prostrated before his parents Shiva and Parvati. recite. Deva Karya Siddhi kara or who concludes the tasks of Devas successfully. Bhruvomratey sadaa sadbhidrushtaayanta bhavaney/ Bhanu somaagni netraaya Paramaatma swarupiney. Rudraaya RudraNilaaya Kadrudraaya prachetasy. ‘ Ka’and ‘Cha’as your arms. Ambika Pati. Adhyaapana and Vkyakhyaana improperly. Gunatrayopiristhaaya Tirtha paadaaya tey namah/ Tirtha tatwaaya saaraaya tasmaadapi paraaya tey. Digmukheydigmukhey nityamsagunaih pujitaaya tey/ Sarveshu sarvadaa Sarva maargey Sampujitaayatey. of Yellow-White-Blood Red Profiles. Anagha or Beyond Sins. Then Shiva Himself assumed the Golrious Form of Ganeshwara Swarupa of an Elephant Head or Gajaanana and of a Trishula Dhari and there were reverberations of Victory sounds and rains of scented flowers from the Skies and all Lokas above and from all over the Yogis. Agni Rupa. Maheshwaraaya dhiraay Namah Sakshaatcchivaaya tey/Athah shrunu Bhagavan stavacchalena kathitamajendra – mukhaih Suraasureshyaih. Surya. Kapaala. always worshipped by Yama-Agni-Vayu-Varuna-RudraJala. Kaadipanchaka hastaaya chaadihastaaya tey namah/ Daadipaadaaya Rudraaya taadi paadaaya tey namah. destroy Serial Daityas and protect Brahma Vaadi Dwijas and Siddhas. Kalakantha. Danda-Paasha-Khadga-Ankusha dhara. ‘Ta’ and ‘Ta’ as your feet. Kaala Rupa. Rudra Rupa.charmaankusha dharaaya cha/ Pataye Haima vatyaascha Hema shuklaaya tey namah. Brahmaney Vishnavey tubhyam Kumaaraaya namonamah/ Ambaayaah Parameshaaya Sarvoparichaarayatey. the latter posted kisses on the son’s head and prescribed the do’s and don’ts such as to create hidrances in the execution of Yagnas without dakshinas. indeed. Virinchi / Brahma Swarupa. Mula Shukshma swarupaaya sthula sukshmaaya tey namah/ Sarva samkalpa shunyaaya Sarvasmaadrakshitaaya tey. Paadi Mahendraaya Yadyanga dhaatu saptaka dhaariney/ Shaantaatma rupiney Saakshaatkshandata krodhiney namah. Lava rephalallaangaya nirangaaya cha tey namaha/ Sarveshaameva Bhutaanaam hrudi nihsswana kaariney. Rukyajursaama vedaaya Omkaaraaya namonamah/ Omkaarey Trividham rupamaasthaayoparivaasiney.Soma-Indra and Devatas as all so Nisacharas or the Ones active through out the night. Siddhaas and Sages welcoming the Lord of Vighnas and Avighnas as per his descretions and the strength of one’s own deeds. Panchasya phani haraaya Panchaaksharamayaaya tey/ Panchadhaa Pancha Kaivalya Deavairarchita Murtaye. Swarna Swarupa or of Golden Formed. at the same time Ganesha shoud reward those 66 . Omkara is your Form too as the composite of A-U-M viz. Peetashuklaaya rakshaartham Suraanaam Krishnavartmaney/ Panchamaaya Mahaapancha yagninaam phaladaayacha. devoid of Beginning. ‘Pa’ as your Linga. Makha Madana Yamaagni Daksha Yagnakshapana vichitra vichoshthinta Kshamasva/ Suta Vuvaacha: Yah patheh stavam bhkatyaa Shakraagni Pramukhaih Suraih keertitamshaavayod Vidwaan sa yaati Paramaam Gatim/ ( Sarva Samaatma. Panchaakshra Swarupa! You wear the two Panchaksharas or of Five Syllables viz. you again are of the Formula of Sukshma and Sthula or of Miniature and Gross.and Kumara.
The Kaumari Shakti sported a fiery third eye. Bala Muni Upamanyu attains Ganapatya due to denial of Milk leading to Shiva Bhakti As he was denied of the taste of real milk in place of wheat flour and hot water. Upanayanas. house constructions. Daanaas. But Parvati entered Shiva’s third eye full of extra. which reverberated the Globe. she said: 67 . Indeed it was a matter of time that Daruka fell down unconscious and got terminated out of sheer fright. Upamanyu’s mother cried at their misfortune as her child returned home after milk was denied and justified that neither he nor his parents performed Maha Deva’s worship in their earlier births. As she recovered from the frenzy a little. with poison in her throat and a huge Trishula in the hands. With view to controlling her wrath. Vidyaarambhas. or Vrata. throwing huge globes of fiery flames that could as well destroy the Totality! Danavas who accompanied Daruka had a mere glimpse of Kaumari Shiva and went helter-skelter as her mere smile thundered and thousands of them perished. Thus any worship. The Kaumari Shiva of feminine form got emerged in the process. Upamanyu the boy felt humiliated from his uncle’s house that the latter’s son was always blessed with real milk. Brahma. From her temper and indigntation. bestow prosperity to the virtuous and protect the youth and elderly. Shiva performed a Tandava or a Cosmic Dance to ensure that Devi would recover from exhaustion and fatigue and get back to normalcy. Apparently. or for that matter any and every task seeking propitiousness shoud start with Ganesha Puja in Hindu Dharma with the invocation to Vighneswara thus: ‘Shuklaambara dharam Vishnum Shashi Varnam Chaturbhujam Prasanna Vadanam Dhyaayet Sarva Vighnopashaantaye’! ‘Shiva Taandava’( The Cosmic Dance of Shiva) Mahaasura Daruka created havoc in the Universe and chased Devas from place to place like fire chased flies. there was no visible transformation in the mutual entities of Shiva and Parvati as there was a veil of Maya all around and both Siva and Parvati were as quiet and unperturbed as ever. the boon that he secured was that none among the Purushas or Males could destroy him nor Stree-Shakti per se too . This is relevant to all Varnas of Brahmana-Kshatriya-Vaishya and others too.ordinary poison and having taken the required measure of it assumed a Rupa of a frightfully dark complexion. By so doing Vighna Nayaka would be the most sought after in Tri Lokas. Vishnu or Brahma or other Devatas or Devis must be preceded by worhip to Ganesha first not only to assure success of the main Puja but also supplement the fulfillment of the desires for which the main puja was performed. Indra and Devas hailed Maha Deva for his kindness in killing Daruka Daitya and brought back to balance in the Universe and relieved Devas from the atrocities of Daruka Daanava. Bhagavan Shiva took the form of a Toddler whom she fondled and the breast milk that she gave the child sucked off her rage.who perform worship daily. But Kaumari’s anger was unabated and her looks got spread in different directions like wild fire destroying what ever came on way. or Sacred and Religious Deed like Yagnas. From that unusual Tandava were materialised Ashta Kshetrapalakas who too got into the rhythm of Shiva Tandava. Brahma and Vishnu accompanied by Devas in their Feminine Forms proved futile and they all approached Maha Deva for a possible solution to handle the crisis. The most hated and vicious Asura was thus put to rest for ever. Having assumed his normal Form from that of a boy. she also accompanied Shiva in his Tandava. Vivaahas. told Ganesha by the parents. The Prathama Puja to Ganesha should be also done with Dhyana-Avahana-Pushpa-Gandha-Dhupa-Deepa-Naivedyas just as the Main Devata of the Puja was to be performed. Shiva emphasised to Ganesha that any Puja to him. Shiva smiled to Devi Parvati-the Adi Purusha and Prakriti in visual Formsand asked Parvati to transfer an Amsha of Siva’s masculine Swarupa into her. she recovered a little and fell off into a stage of stupor.
Upamanu asked his mother not to lose heart and by the Grace of Shiva.Tatini Ratna Purnaastey Swarga Patala gocharaah. Bhagya heenaa na pashyanti Bhakti heenaascha ye Shivey/ Rajyam Swargam cha Moksham cha Bhojanam Ksheera sambhavam. Indra approached Vishnu to let the Bala Muni conclude his Tapasya and having realised the goal of the Tapasya. saying any thing. but is not visible to the unfortunate who is devoid of Shiva Bhakti. by so saying with indomitable detremination the Bal Muni intiated the toughest Tapasya by merely consuming air and nothing else. Bala Muni was offended by the remarks and by remembering the words of his mother that Shiva should be pleased and none else. taking any action or doing some thing. vocal and deed. in other words. Moksha and Ksheera Bhojana besides all valuables in life could all be available. 68 . ‘Shivaakshara’ Mantras. provided one performed Maha Deva Puja in the previous births). Anya Deveshu nirataa Duhkaartaa Vibhramamticha/ Ksheeram tatrakutesmaakam Maha Devo na pujitah.Then the Dwadadsha Mantra Om Namah Vaasudevaaya of Vishnu was referred to. The intensity of his Tapasya was such that the trees in the forest were getting burnt and Devas were rattled and baffled. Yaschyom namah Shivaayeti Mantrah Sarvaartha saadhakah/ Tathaa Shiva Taraayeti Divyah Panchaaksharah Shubhah. ‘Pashus’. Purva Janmaani Yaddattam Shivamuddhishya vai Suta/ (My son! There is a great River full of jewels flowing from Swarga to Paatala. food and material comforts to his entire Vamsha but also ‘Ganatwa’or membership of Shiva Ganas as a recognition of his stupendous Tapasya. their Self-control and Realisation of Pashupati Suta Maha Muni referred to the ‘Ashtottara Mantra’ of Vishnu viz. Kingship. rejected Indra’s offer and even took exception to Indra’s remarks against Maha Deva. Vishnu prayed to Mahadeva and informed that Upamanyu was performing unsual meditation for the sake of milk! Shiva appeared before the Bala Muni in the disguise of Indra and desired to grant streams of milk but the former decided not to stop the Tapasya till Maha Deva himself responded. Swarga. he would indeed make oceans of Milk flow by resolving to undertake the severest possible worship to Maha Deva. Further Suta Muni stated that the Shiva Shadaakshara Mantra of Om Namah Shivaaya and of the Shiva Ashtottara Mantra of Om Namastey Shankaraaya were stated to be of high consequence: Mantrah Shadaaksharo Vipraah Sarva Vedaartha samchayah. The disguised Indra argued that Mahadeva was a myth as he was a Nirguna and since he was granting the boon of milk the boy should better accept the boon. while in every action while thinking. The latter finally granted his appearance along with Devi Parvati and gave away the boons of not only milk. Om Namo Naraayanaaya which when recited yileded great consequences especially when the Mantra was pracised with full vigour and by Manasa-Vaacha-Karmana means or by way of mind. Na labhatey pryaaneshaamno tushyati sadaa Bhavah/ Bhava prasaadajam sarvam naanya Devaprasaadajam.
Pancha Bhutas of Earth-Water-Light/heat. Manasa 69 . Out of disgust Dhundhuma took to roads and entered an Ashram of a Sage in a forest. where the Sage was performing Pashupata Vrata and learnt the Panchakshara Mantra. On his death. As the bandhas are thus tightly tied up around the Pashu or the Jeeva. But Vasishta Muni gave a ray of hope that in course of time Dhundhuma might have better days. there was a Brahmana called Dhunduma who was corrupt with vices and married a woman of good background but gave birth to a son on Amavasya. The Mantras are all so effective that they could destroy the impact of even Brahmahatya sin instantly. but hesitated and weighed the last one year’s life as against the rest of his whole life and called for a Pushpaka Vimana to despatch him to Shiva Loka. Vishnu and Indra. The wife’s parents and brothers killed the son and the rest of his family. Air and Sky. Shankaram Deva Devesham Mayaskaramajodbhavam/ Shivam cha Shankaram Rudram Deva Devamumaapatim.Chitta and Ahamkaara.for the rest of the Brahman’s year and odd life. strong hold of Bhakti could wither away the attachments and ‘Upasana’or meditation is the key to open up the tight box! Bhajan is another name of Bhakti which comprises of Manas-Vaani-Karya or Mind-Voice-Deed. But unfortunately the son married in adharmic way and one night got home drunk and killed his wife. Shankara alone is the Destiny and the Twenty Four types of Tatwas are the manifestations of Maya or the shackles. The Shiva taraayeti Panchakshra is highly propitious and so are the Mantras viz. The Tatwas are: the Ten Indriyas or Limbs. Japtwaa muccheta Vai Vipro Brahma hatyaabibhi kshanaat/ (Om Namassivaaya Mantra is Sarvaartha Saadhaka or the Great falilitator. and Pancha Tanmatras of Shabda-Sprasha-Rupa-Rasa-Gandhas. Rudra as the Pradhana Purusha is always prayed by Brahma. Only Jnaana Yoga could free the ‘Pashus’ as otherwise Avidya would continue to ruin them till the destination point of Vimochana or the Final Relief. Definition of Pashutwa and Pashus: Maharshi Shilada explained to Sanatkumara that all the Beings from Brahma to grass blade were subject to Pashutwa as Bhagawan Vishnu tied up the Beings with various facets of Pashutwa which were all the countless forms of Maya and Pashupati Shankara as the supreme chief alone could grant them relief individually or totally at the time of Pralaya. he also took a lenient view of all others of his family.Mayaskaraaya che twam Namastey Shankaraayacha/ Saptaaksharoyam Rudrasya Pradhaana Purushasya vai. Sage Mitra Varuna had no hesitation in declaring that the son was worse than his father. Praahurnamah Shivayeti namastey Shankaraaya cha/ Mayaskaraaya Rudraaya tathaa Shiva taraayacha. Brahmaacha Bhagavaan Vishnuh Sarvey Devaah Sa Vaasavaah/ Mantrey ratair Dwija sreshthaa Munayaschi yajanti tam. Bhakti or devotion is thus the smasher of sins as displayed in Three Essential Forms viz.Mayaskaraaya and Shankaraya. four latent Subtle Forms of ManasBuddhi.) In Treta Yuga. Yama Dharma Raja who knew of the Brahmana’s-life events fully. The Brahmana performed Jataka karma and other formalities and hoped that time might be the healer to reform his son. he performed the Vrata and Japa and died.
Parvati was Prakriti /Maya. All ‘Padardhaas’or materials are of Gauri Rupa like Shraavya (or capacity to hear ) is Gauri and Shrota or the one who listens is Maheswara. Atri and Anasuya etc. he unaffected by its goings-on. Sapta Tanthu was Maha Deva as Rudrani was Dakshinaayani. Pulastya and Preeti. Ruchi and Kavi. Srishti is Devi and Srashta is Ishwara. Shulaayudha was Vriksha or Tree while Shula Paani Priya was Latha (Creeper). Jaata Vedaah Swayam Rudrah Swaha Sharvaartha kaayani. Dwesha (Dislike) and Abhinivesha (Obsession). Thus. all the Siddhis are automatically available. Asmita (Egotism). Pulaha and Daya. Vaachaka Bhajana or Vocal-Based.( Brahma and Savitri. Raaga ( Desire). Agni and Swaha Devi. Shiva was day and Gauri was night. Kratu and Sannathi. or for that matter any Deva Swarupa. Pashus are arrested by Pancha Kleshas or Five Hurdles viz. Further Nandi Deva described as follows: If Shiva and Parvati were Man and Woman. Bhrigu and Khyati. and Kayaka Bhajana like Pranayama and such other physical controls. Balendu Shekharo Vaayuh Shiva Shiva Manorama.Bhajana or Introspection. Vajra Paanir Maha Devah Shachi Shailendra Kanyaka. Drushya or the Scene is Gauri and Drashta is Shiva. Vishno Maheshwari Lakshmir Bhavaani Parameswari. Avidya (Ignorance). Vayu and Manorama. Self-Regulation and Inner-Consciousness attuned to the Supreme Force called Paramatma is Pashupata Vrata all about! Shiva’s Vibhutis (Counter parts). Jneya or Worthy of Knowing and Jnaata or he who knows is Shankara. Varuna and Vaaruni. Kshetra is Uma and Kshetrajna is Parama Shiva and finally the Peethaakriti is Sarveshwari and Linga Swarupa is Sarveshwara. Brahma Haropi Savitri Shankaraatha Swarupiney. all the Pullinga Vaachaka Purushas (Males) were Shiva Swarupas and all Strilinga Prakritis were their feminine counterparts. Varuno Bhagavan Rudro Gauri Sarvaarthadaayani. Vishnu and Lakshmi. Once one masters Pranava. Little wonder. Manu and Shata Rupa. Chandra and Rohini). Shankara was Aakasha and Prithvi Shankara Priya. then the respective positions of others would be: Surya and Kanta. Ashta Rupas and Shiva Tatwa (Shiva’s self-description included) Describing Shiva and Parvati as each other’s Vibhutis. Maricha and Sambhuti. persons engaged in the worship should also be equally involved in the Pujas concerned! 70 . Rasa is Parvati and Rasayita is Maheswara.Vishwa Rupa. In other words. the Unique Link however is Omkara or the Pranava Vaachaka. Indra and Shachi Devi. Bhagavan has little relvance for ‘Paapa-Punyas’ and is away from ‘Chetanaachetana Prapancha’ or the Universal Limits of Living or Non-Living Beings. Shanmukha and Deva Sena. In short. Chandraa Shekharaschandro Rohini Rudra Vallabha . Thus it is essential that while worshipping Maha Deva. Shambhu is available through the tiny tissues of the Body and its control besides the Antahkarana which is a nucleus of Paramatma. Maha Nandi conveyed to Sanat Kumara that if Purusha were Siva. Bhagavan Rudra was Samudra and the Coast was Durga. Daksha and Prasuti. although he has spread out.
these are the Ashta Murtis of Maha Deva). Ishana is the provider of Shobha or Charm.Shiva’s Vishwa Rupa: Sanat Kumara enquired of Nandikeswara of Shiva’s Vishwa Swarupa and the reply was: Vishwa Rupasya Devasya Sarojabhava Sambhava/ Bhuraapognimar udyoma Bhaskaro Dikshitah Shashi. for instance Surya by the name and Rupa of Diwakara comforts Shiva. Shambhu’s Vishwambhara / Bhumi Murti and Akaasha Swarupa are the well-established Entities of Shiva’s Ashta Murtis. Shukla Kala of Bhaskara promotes Dharma or Virtue and is also the main energy responsible for crops of Foodgrains. Rivers. Harikesha Kirana (Ray) of Sun provides succour to Nakshatraas spread far and wide across the firmament. the Samyad Vasu ray of Bhaskara protects Mangala Deva. Yajamana Swarupa of Shiva is always engaged in carrying Havyas or Offerings in Homas to Devas and Kavyas to Pitruganas. Among these Chandra Kalaas. Pavana (Vayu) Swarupa Mahadeva is called Ishana whose wife is known as Shiva and their son is Manojava or Hanuman. Soma Swarupa Bhagavan is called Maha Deva. this Yajamana Murti administers the Universe by way of Buddhi or Intellect and is spread all over in Jala Swarupa among water-bodies. Thus among all the ‘Charaachara’ Beings. Another Component of Shiva’s Vishwa Swarupa relates to Chandra. Vayu in the Pancha Swarupas of PraanaApaana-Udaana-Vyaana and Samaana is another manifestation of Maha Deva as an integral component of the Vishwa Rupa. Rudra is the name of Shiva whose Swarupa is of Surya Deva and Suvarchala is the name of his wife and Shanaischara is their son. Samudras. with Uma as his wife and Shukra as their son. Veda Vaadis or Experts in Vedas named him as Bhava. Ashta Rupas of Shiva: Nandi Deva continued to describe the Eight Forms of Maha Deva to Sanat Kumara: Sharva is one Form of Shiva spread all over the Universe whose wife is stated as Vikeshi and their son is Mangala. the first Kala signifies Amrita or Sanjeevani which Devas mainly tend to worship. The other Kalaas of Surya provide life-lines to various Deities. while Bhavani Swarupa of Soma protects Jala and Aoushadhis. Vegetables. Vaayu. Surya has Twelve ‘Kalaas’ or aspects. signifying the hardened and cruel feature of Shiva as his wife is Prithvi and their progeny is of humanity. Varuna. Bhavasya Murthayah proktaah Shivasya Parameshthinah/ (Shiva’s Vishwa Swarupa constitutes Bhumi. Yajamana Swarupa of Shiva is Ugra Deva and his wife is called Diksha and their son is Santana. the most significant Feature relates to Soma Murti which provides succour to all the Praanis or Beings. Worshipping Agni and Surya are the Prime Splendours of Maha Deva and these constitute the Prominent Parts of Parama Shiva. Bhima is that Form of Shiva who bestows Teja or radiance to 71 . whose wife is known as Swaha and their son is Shanmukha. a Surya Kirana named Vishwavyacha protects Shukra Deva. Bhaskara. Flowers and Fruits. Planets / Grahaas. Yajamana (Yajna Swarupa) and Chandra. Surat Karana named Surya Kirana preserves Shanaischara. Tatwajnas or those who know of Tatwas believe that Passhupati is the life-provider of all Dehaadharis or Beings with Physiques. all the Ashta Murti Swarupas of Shiva exist firmly. Comfort to Devas and Pitru Devas is provided by Sudha Kirana of Chandra. Agni Swarupa Shiva is called Pashupati. The second Kala of Surya is Chandra and signifies ‘Aoushadhi Vriddhi’ or the development of Herbal Medicines enabled by Hima Varsha or dewdrop rains. with Rohini as his wife and Budha as their son. Arvaavasu ray of Surya feeds Brihaspati. Bhagavan Shiva’s eighth Form is known as Parthiva. Aakasha. Surya Kirana called Sushumna preserves Chandra. who in turn comprises Shodasha Kalaas or Sixteen Features which are all Amitamayis or Life-Providers. a Kirana called Vishwakarma preserves Budha. Agni.
Shanta and Ugra or The Ever Peaceful Bliss and The Most Indignant. Kshara and Akshara or The Pralaya and The Indestructible. Vyatiriktam na mattosti naanyantkinchit Surotthamaah/ Nityonanthyohamana -gho Brahmaaham Brahmaspatih. Vyakta and Avyakta or The Discernible and The Unknown. Vidya and Avidya or The Jnaana / Knowledge and the Ignorance or Fallacy and Para and Apara or the Distinguished and That Beyond Distinction. The Srishti-Sthiti and Samhaara. Shiva Tatwa: Maha Muni Shailadi explained Shiva Tatwa as of contradictions: Maha Deva is Sat and Asat or the Truth or Make Belief. The Pramata or well thought out-Pramaana or testimony or proof-Prameya or Source of Knowledge and Pramiti or Knowledge itself. Jyeshthoham Sarva Tatwaanaam Varishthohamapaam Patih/ Aapoham Bhagavaaneeshas-tejoham Vedirapyaham.various parts of Body like Eyes. Maha Deva is Prajna-Tejas and Vishwa. Sushupti-Swapna and Jagriti and in fact the Fourth Awastha cvalled Tureeya or The Beyond. Rigvedoham Yajurvedah Saamavedohamaatma bhuh/ Atharvanoham Mantroham tathaa chaangirasaam varah. Skin etc. Guhyoham Sarva Vedeshu Varenyohamajopyaham/ 72 . Kshetra and Kshetra Swarupa or the Being -full of the Twenty Four Tatwas mentioned in the previous pages-and the Supreme Being. Satyoham Sarvagah Shaantas –tretaagni Gauravah Gurh/ Gowraham gahvaraschaaham Nityam Gahana gocharah. The Three Avasthaas or States of Mind viz. The Karta the Doer-Kriya or the Doing or Action and Kaarana or the Cause of Action. Samashti and Vyashti or the Group or the Society and Individual / Unique. Shaildi mentioned in brief that Shiva was of endless Forms but the Basic Form is Himself just as the Mrittika was just the same but innumerable forms of pots were materialised therefrom alone! Shiva’s self explanation: Maha Muni Shailaadi informed Sanat Kumara that as Devas headed by Indra got perplexed about Shiva’s identity. Maha Deva himself gave a Self Introduction as follows: Abraveed Bhagavan Rudro hyahamekah Puratanah/ Aasam Prathama yevaaham vartaami cha Surottamaah/ Bhavishyaami cha Lokesminmatto Naanyah krurtaschana. while Chandra Swarupa of Shiva who rules the mind of the Beings is called Rudra and Yajamana Swarupa governing Buddhi or intellect of the Beings is designated as Maha Deva. Itihaasa Puraanaani Kalpoham Kalpanaapyaham/ Aksharam cha Ksharam chaaham Kshaantih Shaantiraham Kshamaa. Dishascha vidishyaschaaham Praktischa pumaanaham/ Trishthub jagat anushthupcha Chhandoham Tanmayah Shivah.
As Maha Deva stated thus. Dharma from Dharma and so on. I am the Jyoti Swarupa or the Embodiment of Illumination as well as of Andhakara or darkness. I am the Nitya or the Everlasting and also the Transient. Ayushayustathaa Satyam Satyena Surasattama/ Dharmam Dharmena Sarvaamscha tarpayaami swatejasaa. I am every thing! Those who know about me do know every thing as Sarvajnas. As per the Varnaashrama Vidhi. Ityedou Bhagavaanyuktwaa tyatraivaantaradheeyata/ Naapashyanta tato Devam Rudram Paramakaaranam. Anushthub and Jagriti. Vishnu and Maheswara. Artha neereeshwaram Devam Jataamukuta dhaarinam/ Sarvaabharana samyuktam Raktamaalyaanulepanam. I satisfy the Truth from Truth. Diksha. the Brahmadhipati. Guru Mukhyata. Sa yeva Sarvavitsarvey Sarvaatmaa Parameshwarah/ Gaam Gobhir Brahmanaan sarvaan Brahmanyena haveemshi cha. I satisfy all Brahmanas. I am Brahma. I am the Emblem of Kshama or endurance. I am hidden in all the Vedas. I am the Symbol of Truth and Peace. Ta Devaah Paramatmanam Rudram dhyaayanti Shankaram/ ( Iam the Purana Purusha of the Present and future. the Akshara or the Everlasting and at the same time the Kshara or Transient. the Ahamkara. Buddhischaamashamkaarastanmaatraa –neendriyaanicha/ Evam Sarvam cha Maameva Veda Surasattamah.Jyotischaaham Tamaschaaham Brahma Vishnu Maheswarah. Itihaasaas and Puranas. I am the Buddhi. Brahama and Vishnu raised their hands in awe and devotion. 73 . A person engaged in the Mandala Puja should first initiate the worship with Shiva Dhyana. Devas. I am the Prakriti and the Purusha. Mandala Puja could be performed by Brahmanas and Kshatriyas but not by Vaishyas and others. Women are also need not be engaged in the Mandala Puja. Tatwa Shuddhi and Puja Vidhi Shailadi Maha Muni detailed the method of Mandala Puja to Shiva as situated in the Surya Mandala to Sanka Kumara and this was narrated to Devas by Maha Deva himself. the Tanmatra Rupa. concentrating on Surya Deva: Shiva Dhyana: Ashta baahum Chaturvaktram Dwaadashaaksham Maha Bhujam. along with Indra. I am the Tanmaya or Ecstatic Shiva. Raktaambara dhram Srishthisthiti Samhaara kaarakam/ Nasya Purvamukham peetam prasannam Purushatmakam. I am manifested in all Dishas and Vidishas. The Mandala Puja should be initiated by ‘Bahyaantara Shuchi’ or Physical cleanliness and purity from within. I am present in all forms of Chhanda like Trishthub. I am the Kalpa.) Mandala Puja: Dhyana.
masaavritam. Chaturvaktraam Chaturvarnaam Deveem vai Sarvatomukheem/ Somamangaarakam Devam Budham Buddhivataam varam. Paschmam vadanam tasya Goksheera dhavalam Shubham/ Muktaaphalamayair haaraairbhushitam Tilakojjwalam. Brahmaasanastham Varadam Dharma Jnaanaasanopari/ Vairaagyaiswarya samyuktey Prabhutey Vimaley tathaa/ Saaram Sarveshwaram Devamaaraadhyam Paramam sukham/ Sita pankaja maddhyastham Deeptaadyairabhi samvrutam. Sadyojaata mukham Divyam Bhaskarasya smaraarinah/ Adityamagrato pashyan Purvavacchaturaaanam. Ravimuttaratopashyan Puravacchatiraananam/ Vistaaram Mandaley Purvey Uttaraam Dakshiney sthitaam. Deeptaam Deepa shikhaakaaraam Sukshmaam Vidyutprabhaam Shubhaam/ Jayaamagnishim Swaakaaraam Prabhaam Kanaka saprabhaam. Vibhutim Vidruma prakhyaam Vimalaam Padsmasannibhaam/ Amoghaam Karnikaakaaraam Vidyutam Vishwa varnineem. Rakta smashrum Jataayuktam chottarey Vidrumaprabham/ Prasannam Vaama Devaasyam Varadam Vishwarupinam. Rukyajursaama maargena Murtitrayam Shivam/ Ishaamam Varadam Devameeshaanam Parameshwaram. Brihaspatim Brihadbuddhim Bhargavam Tejasaam nidhim/ Mandam Manda gatim chaiva Sammataatasya tey sadaa. Bhakaram purato Devam Chaturvaktram ca Purvavat. Sarvaabharana sampannah Shaktayah Sarv sammitaah/ Brahmaanam dakshiney bhaagey Vishnum vaamey Janaaddanam. 74 . Bodhanim Paschimey bhaagey Mandalasya Prajaapateh/ Adhyaayanim Koubaryaakameka Vaktraam Chaturbhujaam.Aghoram Dakshinam vaktram Nilaanjanachayopamam/ Damshtra Karaalamanyugram Jwaalaamaalaa.
the Term Guru signified a Shivaacharya who not only performed a number of Mandala Pujas himself but was also an adept in teaching the methodology and practice to others interested. had rakta-mala. Divakara.who could inculcate and sustain interest and patience of the Karta and who could guide and teach the Puja Vidhana without being overbearing. Bodha in the western side and Adhyaatani on the Northern side. fully adorned. Sages always praise you while performing havans on Agni with various kinds of offerings including tila. Uma. abstinence. Uttara in the Southern side. wearing Jatajuta headgear. He is also described as facing Eastern Side in yellow colour. Budha. the importance of Guru can not be over emphasised. Balakilya Ganas pray to you as per the changing Ritus or Seasons. In the olden days.Suryah Shivo Jagannaathaahy Somah Saakshaadumaa swayam/ Pancha Bhutaani seshaani tanmayam cha Charaacharam. The Rishis greeted Maha Deva as Shiva-Rudra-Meedyushtanga.who would be devoid of ‘lobha’ (greed). Meedhushthaaya Sarvaaya Shipivishthaaya ramhasey/). You enjoy rides in Sun-Chariots and you possess and enjoy the ownerships of seven types of Ganas. The Performer has to follow a stringent regimen of purity. Ityam Shivena saayujyam labhatey naatra samshahyah/ Significance of Guru in the Mandala Puja: Having broadly known about the placements of Devas in the Chaturasra Mandala Puja of Maha Deva. four faces. The accompanying Shaktis are Vistara in the Eastern side. Brihaspati. ‘Jwaala maala’ or necklaces of flames and with dreadful moustaches and beard. Shiva’s Form is viewed by Soma. Rudraaya Vishnavey tubhyam Brahmaney Surya murtaye! Suta Muni wound up the Shiva Stuti and confirmed as follows: Yah Shivam Mandaley Devam sampujyaavam samaahita. twelve eyes. Sandhya. in fact the Sadyojata Mukha is the most prominent. we commend that Paramatma who is always worshipped by Devas seeking youin Surya Mandala. wearing Blood red clothes.Sthiti and Samhara.Savitri. Vistaara. Astu vanvaagbhirishtaaribhir varadam Nilalohtam/ (Shiva Swarupa is described as possessing eight hands. deep devotion and other-worldliness. Bhanu. Shiva faces Brahma in the Southern side. Drushtaiva Munayah Sarvey Devadeavamumaapatim/ Krutaanjavi putaah Sarvey Munayo Devataastathaa. Ahamkara or ego and ‘chapalata’ or immaturity of mind. At the same time. you possess Sindura Varna and is elegantly ornamented by gold and jevellery. Mangala. with chandana applied. Southern side in blue colour as Aghora frightening with ‘Karaala damshtra’. the dynamic Shakti. the expectations of a Karta are perhaps more as his duties and responsibilities are more intensive. All these Devatas eulogise Shiva as well as Brahma and Vishnu. the Rishis prostrated further to Shiva and said : Namah Shivaaya Devaaya Ishwaraaya Kapardiney. Pratarmaddhyaanney Pathet Satvaramanutthamam. and famed as the Symbol of Srishti. Bhakara. Bodhini. But the most vociferous among all these Stotras were rendered by Sapta Rishis as follows: Om Namah Shivaya Rudraaya Kadrudraaya prachetasey. was Arthanaareshwara. You are the Cause of Brahma and Narayana. Ravi. western side in milk-white complexion and of his fifth face called Sadyojata with Sun-like magnificence. He faces Northern side with a peaceful and radiant face. and on his left side he visions Janardana and Munis look at three of his sides the Ruk-Yajur-Sama Vedas. Pragna. Shukra and Shani. A person seeking to perform Mandala Puja should thus locate an appropriate Guru with knowledge of Shruti-Smritis. Prabha. He has 75 .
placements of Deities and the general arrangements: Pariksha Bhumim Vidhivad gandhavarna rasaadibhih. instal Maha Deva in the Karnika of a petal of the Lotus and Avahya karnikaayaam tu Shivam Paramakaaranam. Alankritya Vitaanaadgaurishwaraavaahana kshamaam/ ( Test the soil area where the Mandala Puja is contemplated by way of its colour. In fact the major player in the Mandala Puja is the Karta while the Guru has an equal responsibility of the Kriya. Kaalaaya cha pratishthaayai Tarakaayanta kaayacha Nivrutthyai Dhana devaaya dhaarayai dharanaayacha/ Mantrairetair mahaabhuta Vigraham cha Sadaashivam/ Ishaana mukutam Devam Purushaasyam Puraatanam. clean it up. Then nyasa is performed to Sada Shiva. Vikarni. The ‘nyasa’or alignment of the Deity with the Physical Part of the Karta is to be done as follows: SadyojataHridayaaya namah.to be basically tuned against Asatya. Jyeshtha. Archyayetsarva yatnena yathaa vibhavavistaram/ (perform Avahana / invocation and Puja). Kaali. Vratas and Tirtha Yatras and so on. Agni Karyas. Maha Maya and so on. Rudra. Diksha Vidhi: Suta Maha Muni then described to Sanat Kumara about the selection of the Mandala. Later on make the placements on each of the petal-corners with the Siddha Shaktis : Vaamaa jyeshthaayacha Roudri cha Kaali Vikaranee tathaa. Shaantaaya Shantadyaityaaya Namaschandramasey tathaa/ Vedyaaya Vidyaadhaaraaya Vahnavey Vahni varchasey. 76 . Nairuti-Shikhaaya namah. sleeping on floor during the Puja days. Pancha Vaktram dashabhujamashta trimshat Kalaalayam/ Sadyamashta prakaarena prabhidya cha kalaamayam. Deposit (Vinyasa) of Pranavaasya Shiva on the Eastren Lotus petal. Aghora hridayam hrushtam twashtam Vaamaguhyam Maheswaram/ Sadya Murtim smaraddevam Sadasadvyakti kaaranam kaaramm. Vishnu and Brahma. Aghora akin to Neela Parvata on the Southern side. Daanaas. Ahimsa. put up a squarish Mandala. fastings. Dhyana to Shiva: Shivaaya Rudra rupaaya Shantyatitaaya Shambhavey. Balavikarani chaiva Bala Pramathani kramaat/ The Karta then has to do the ‘nyaasa’or depositing the Siddhis like Vaama Deva. smell and general acceptability. Vaama Deva like the Java Pushpa on the Northern side and Sadyojata Bhagavan who is white like Shudda Sphatika Mani and like Cow Milk should be placed in Agneya Vidisha. Vayavya-Kavachaaya namah and Agni-Shikha Saadrush Sarnaangyangyani namah. Asteya. and Arishad Vargas. He has to follow the Kuladharma of a Brahmana (or as applicable to a good Kshatriya) by observing Sandhyavandanas. Ahamkara. decorate it. Roudri.
E. Some Brahmanas be made to sit on ‘darbhas’ / kusha grass towards the Southern side of the Mandala for performing hundred and eight ‘Ahutis’ or offerings to Agni by reciting Aghora Mantra: Aghorebhyo thatraghorebhyo ghora ghoratarebhyaha. Vidya Sarupa. Sadyojaata sadyashaakaaram Chandra rekhaakriti Prabhum/ Vidyudvalaya samkaasham Vidyudkoti samaprabham. Pancha Mukha. AA-YEE-VUU-YE tatha Ambaanu. Tarakasura vinaashakara.aatramomkaara makaaram Sama rupinam. Vidyaamurtimayam Devam pujayeccha yathaa kramaat/ ( Bhagavan Shiva is Rudra Rupa. thousand hands. he should apply homa bhasma while reciting Vama Deva Mantra and perform Japa of Rudra Gayatri viz. Shanti Rupa. Pancha Kalashaas (Vessels) dressed with two new vastraas (Clothes) with ‘Sutras’ or cotton strings around them be given away to Pancha Brahmanas for sthapana or installation and by them cooked rice and ghee be offered to Agni as homa. ghee and dung in equal proportions. Ambika Swarupa through the Letters Aa. as also the Chandra rekhadhara.Vu Ye and the tiniest and the most colossal. Agni samaana Teja. of which half is offered as Homa in Agni. Naivedya be served to Maha Deva. Sthula Sukshma karana. Tanno Rudrah Prachodayaat/ After the Japa. curd. Sahasrashirasam Devam Sahasraaksham Sanaatanam/ Sahasrasta charanam naadaantam naadavigraham. He is also the Possessor of thousand heads. Ishana Deva. After Dhyana as above. thousand feet.kramenaatma Rupinam/ Pradhaana sahitam Devam Pralayotpatti Varjitam. Hamsa Hamseti mantrena Shiva bhaktyaa samanvitam/ Omkaaram. the Possessor of Three Shaktis and Three Tatwaas: may I meditate to Him!). Vidhyaa dhaarana Swarupa. Dasha Bhuja dhaari. Om taturushaaya vidhmahey Maha Devaaya Dheemahei. Shyaamam raktam Kalaakaaram Shaktitrayakrutaasanam/ Sadaashivam Smaraddevam Tatwatraya samanvitam.Vaamam trayodashaar -vidhour vibhidya vitatam Prabhum/ Aghoramashtaadhaa krutwaa Kaala rupena Samsthitam. Sarvebhya-ssarva Sarvebhyo namastey astu Rudra rupebhyah/ 77 . Maheswara. urine. The Karta should then consume Pancha Gavya made of Cow’s milk. possessor of thirty eight Kalaas. Anoraneeyaamsa –majam Mahatopi Mahattamam/ Urthwaretasameeshaanam Virupaaksham umaapatim.Sadya Murti. he is of the Form of Crores of vidyut rekhaas or lightnings. he is of brown-red Form. Purusham cha chaturdhaavai vibhajyacha Kalaamayam/ Ishaanam Panchadhaa krutwa Panchamurtyaa vyavasthitam.
the Karthas are to clasp their hands with Chandana and Pushpas and perform Kara Nyasa by concentrating on Maha Deva and purify their Atma Shuddhi or inner conscience. Ishaanam Sarva Vidyaanaam Ishwarassarva bhutaanaam Brahmaadhipatih Brahmanodhipatih Brahmaa Shivomey astu Sadaa Shivom/ After the havan. Archanas including Havans. then attempt Pancha Bhuta Shuddi of Prithivya-aapas.tejo. the Karta should fill up Tirtha Jala in vessels made of gold. Prati Vaktram Trinetram cha. The Havan has to be done 108 times along with the recitation of Ishaana Mantra viz.These Brahmanas are required to observe ‘Upavaasa’ or fasting wearing new vastraas and headgears with closed eyes after three parikramas of the Mandala by reciting Rudraadhyaaya or Pranava. Na twanabhyarchya Bhumjeeyaadbhagavantyam Sadaa Shivam! (Even ‘Praana parityaaga’ would be preferred if the prescribed Archana to Sadaa Shiva is not executed)! Shiva Mandala Puja as prescribed: Shailada Maha Muni quoted to Sanatkumara of what Maha Deva Himself conveyed to Nandi Deva about the formal Archana to him: Shiva snaanam puraa krutwaa Tatva Shiddhim cha purvakrit. Shashaanka kruta Shekharam/ Baddha Padmaasanaseenam Shuddha sphatika sannibham.They are made to be seated on Kushaasana and after purifying themselves with Achamana then take up Pratishtha or installation of Dakshina Murti Shiva by executing Anga Nyasa and Havan. These Brahmanas are also required to perform Pushpa Puja to Maha Deva with Mantras and after the conducted Pradakshina are required to enter the Mandala in such a manner that the see the Mandala after oening their eyes.The Oath at the Diksha Ceremony would be comprehensive and rigorous requiring that the Kartas including the designated Brahmanas should observe fast till Trikaala Pujas. Urthwam Vaktram sitam dhyaayetpurvam kumkuma sannibham/ Neelaabham Dakshinam Vaktramatiraktam Tatottharam. Gandhaadi vaasitaaro Maha Mudraam prainyaset/ ( Known as Shiva hasta. Pushpa hastam pravishyaaya Pujaa sthaanam samaahitah/ Praanaayaa mantrayam krutwaa aahanaa plaavaanaani cha.vaayur-aakaashas followed by ‘Saakshaatkaara’or the Vision of Shiva’s Pancha Vaktras of Five Faces as follows: Pancha Vaktram Dasha Bhujam Sarvaabharana bhushitam. The Diksha states: Varam Paanaparityaagashcchedanam shirasopivaa. as per the number of Kalaas out of the Shodasha Kalaas as possible and rest of the prescribed ‘Vidhis’ or the do’s and don’ts. the Guru should administer an oath in favour of Shiva and take up Diksha. Goksheera dhavalam Divyam Paschimaam Parameshthinah/ 78 . silver or copper and sprinkle as a gesture of purification.
Invocations to Devas are recited: Om Bhuvah Brahmaney Hridayaaya namah. Om Shivaaya Sadaa Shivaaya Paashupataastraaya Apratihataaya Phat Phat/ Om Sadyojaataaya bhavey bhavey naati bhavey bhavasyamaam bhavodbhavaaya Shiva Mutrtaye namah. Shiras. Shikha. Sarvaabharana samyutam chitraambhara dharam Shivam/ Brahmaanaga vigraham Devam Sarva Devotthamottamam. Subsequently. Shakti bhutaanicha tathaa Hrudayaadeeni Suvrata/ Om Ishaanah Sarva Vidyaanaam Hridayaaya Shakti beejaaya namah. Pashupataastra. Om Bhuvah Vishnavey Shirasey namah. Uktaani Pancha Brahmaani Shivaangaani shrunvamey. Kavachaas.) Tatwa Shuddhi: Then the Navaakshara Mantra is recited: Om Bhuh Om Bhuvah Om Swaha OmMahah Om Janah Om Tapah Om Satyam Om Rutam Om Brahma.Shulam Parashu khandam cha Vajram Shaktim cha Dakshiney. Vaamey Paraamakusham Ghantaam Naagam naaraachamuttamam/ Varadaabhaya hastam vaa sesham Purvavaa Deva tu. and the totality of Shiva. Netraas. Om Hamsa shikhaaya Vidyaa dehaaya Atmaswarupaaya Paraaparaaya Shivaaya Shivatamaaya namah/ (The above is the description of Maha Deva’s Hridaya. 79 . The Mula Mantra is recited: Om Bhurbhuvaha Swah Tatsaviturvarenyam Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi Dhiyoyonah Prachodayat/ Surya Deva is invoked as Namah Suryaaya Khakolkaaya namah. Om Ishwarah Sarva Bhutaanaamamrutaaya shirasey namah/ Om Brahmaadhi pataye Kaalaagni Rupaaya Shikhaayai namah. Pujayatetsarvabhaavena Brahmaangrair brahmanahpatim/ (The above is the description of the Five Faces of Shiva). Om Brahmanodhi pataye Kaala chanda maarutaaya Kavachaaya namah/ Om Brahmaney Bramhanaaya Jnaana Murtaye Netraaya namah.
Om Mahah Maheshwaraya Kavachaaya namah. Brahma. Om Janah Shivaaya netrey bhyo namah. Bhukampanas. vividha daanaas. and Samasta Kaamana Phala. Tasmaalingam Gurutatataram Pujatsthaapayedhaa 80 . Mula Mantra Japa is an essential component and one tenth of the Japa has to be by way of Havan. Savedikam Susutram chasamyagvistruta mastakam/ Vishodhya sthaapayedbhaktya Savedikamanuttamam. Lingamekatamam shailam Brahma Vishnu Shivaatmakam/ Hemaratnamayam vaapi Raajatam Taamrajam tu vaa. Performance of Puja on the above lines to Shiva Linga for a year would bestow Shiva Sayujya and before the termination of life assure Arogya. Linga Pratishtha be performed as had been done by Vishnu.Om Swah Rudraaya Shikhaayai namah. Krutyeva Lingam Vidhaana Bhuvi Lingeshu yatnatah. By reciting Rudra Gayatri. clean up the Linga with fresh Vastra. Brahma Nyasa to Pancha Mukha are all attempted. battles against enemies and diseases. Sampatti.and of Gandha-Pushpa-Patra-Jala-Ksheera-Narikela-Phala-Dhupa-DeepaVastras . Guru Puja. Keerti. and final Ganesha Puja would be the integral part of the Puja. Atma Nivedana Stutis. Shiva Murtha should not be left free and all kinds of Puja Dravyas are aranged on the Shiva Mastaka at least by Bhasma in the process of Puja and thereafter lest there should be hindrances of achieving Dharma-Artha-Kama-Mokshas. all the Puja materials are purified including Dravya Shuddhi. Linga Devi Uma Devi Lingam Saakshaanmaheswarah / Tayoh sapujanaa Deva Devascha Pujitou. Shiva Linga Pratishta Vidhi and Mahatmya Maha Muni Suta enlightened the congregation of Munis at Naimishaaranya about the Shiva Linga Pratishta Vidhaana as follows: In order to fulfil the aspirations of Dharma-ArthaKaama-Moksha Siddhi. Akaalaas. After Shiva Linga Snaana. Tatwa Shuddi. Putra-Poutras. and offer Shodasopachaaraas of Gandha-Pushpa-DeepaDhupa-Naivedya-and Alankara with Chandana and Bhasma by reciting the relevant Mantras. Om Bhurbhuvah swah Jwaalaamaalinyai Devaya namah. nor there should be Durbhiksas. Indra downwards. Om Tapastaapanaaya Astraaya namah/ With the relevant Mantras. Atma Shuddhi. Vedaadhyaayana. Brahmanga Japa. Pratishthayaa cha Devesho Devyaa saardham prtishthitah/ Muley Brahmaa vasati Bhagavan Madhya bhaagey cha Vishnuh Sarveshaanah Pashupati rajo Rudramurthirvarenyah.
Sarvam Namah Shivaayeti Namo Hamsah Shivaaya cha/ ( The Brahma Jijnaasa Mantra should be recited to sanctify the Brahma Bhaaga of the Shiva Linga while Vishnu Gayatri viz. Bali. Havans. Stotra.deposited in‘ Kalashaas’ / Vessels by reciting Rudra Mantras has to be performed. Om Namo Hamsa Shivaaya cha is recited (or Rudraadhyaaya is) while nyasa is performed to Shiva/ On all the four sides. Rudra. abhishekas be performed to Shiva Linga from the Sacred water of the Shiva Kumbhas. followed by Chandana / Bhasma Lepana. Balidaanaas.Dhupa-DeepaNaivedya and other ‘Upachaaraas’ are to be offered for five days. regular pujaas should be performed most sincerely along with Gandha. This is why the high significance of the Rudra Swarupa Pashupati.) After covering the Linga with ‘Kusha’ and ‘Vastra’. cows. Nitya Puja is a must and this would ensure freedom from ‘Punarjanma’ or rebirth. Pujayeccha visheshena Lingam Sarvaartha siddhayai/ ( Normally. Dakshinaas be given generously. the Linga Pratishtha has to be consummated with perfection. recite Shiva Gayatri viz. in between the Shiva and Devi kumbhas the idol of Skanda be installed. The Vedi of the Shiva Linga is Uma Devi herself and the Linga is Maheswara himself. in the Skandha Kumbha Brahma be installed too and in the Shiva kumbha Hari be installed. ‘ 81 . Havana. thus the Linga ought to be installed along with the Vedi. ‘Abhisheka’ by sacred waters pre. silver. Maheshwara. silver and Ratnas be deposited in all the Kumbhas each of which should be decorated by new Vastras. turn the head to the East and perform ‘nyaasa’. The Shiva Linga’s bottom is signified as Brahma and the middle part is signified as Vishnu and the top portion is Maheswara himself.yasmaad pujyo Ganapatirasau Deva Mukhyaih samastaih/ Gandhaih snugdhupa deepaih snapanahuta balistotrra mantropahaaraih nityam yebhyarchayaanti tridasha vastunam Linga murtey Mahesham/ Tasmaat Bhaktopchaarena Staapayet Parameshwaram. This Sacred Task of Linga Pratishtha would have lasting benefits to the Kartas. the demarcating Sutras or the Holy Threads should be arranged by reciting the Pranava Mantra. Tatpurushaaya vidmahey Maha Devaaya dhimahi tanno Rudrah prachodayaat/ Or Pancha Vaktraayaaya Vidmahey Sahasraakshaaya Mahadevaaya Dhimahi Tanno Rudrah Prachodayaat or atleast by Pranavanaada of AUM and continue the process of Pratishtha. Vishnu and Brahma. copper etc and the installation of the Linga has to be executed along with Vedi or the Platform as also the Sutra. in the Southern direction Devi be installed. By installing the Linga thus. houses.On the Vedi. jewellery and cash. Deepa. Om Namo Narayanaaya Vidmahi Vaasudevaaya dhimahi. From the Shiva Kumbha. Tanno Vishnuh prachodayaat/ should be recited to sanctify the Vishnu Bhaga of the Shiva Linga. danaas of clothes. or three days or at least one day and night along with Vedaadhyayanaas. Snaana. By reciting Gayatri Mantra. Shivatmika Lingaas are installed in stone although these are also set in gold. Shiva Loka Prapti and worship-worthiness of Deva-Gandharva-Siddha and Shiva ganaas. as also Nritya-Vaadana. and Abhishekas be observed for nine or seven or three days or at least for one full day be performed in the ‘Utsava’ or the Festival. the Karta has to arrange ‘Nava Kundaas’or nine Kundas or Five Kundaas or at least one. kalashaas be arranged. Brahma Jijnaana Mantrena Brahma bhaagam prabhostathaa. nyasa be performed to ‘Brahmangaas’ comprising Shiva. In the middle Kumbha (Pot) Shive be installed.Gold.Vishnu Gayatriya bhaagam Vaishnavam twattha vinyaset/ Sutrey tatwatrayopetey pranavena pravinyaset.Taala-Veena and Stutis should be rendered with enthusiasm and devotion. Mantra and Upahaara. Dhupa. and all the personnel involved with Aayuraarogya Ishwarya Kirti in ‘Iham’ or the ongoing life and Shivaloka prapti in ‘’Param’. food grain fields.
Tapasaa chaiva Yajnena Daaneynaadhyayenacha/ Ya gatistasya vipulaa Shastra Vidyaa cha Vaidiki.Varied Swarupas of Gayatri The various Swarupas of Gayatri as created by Maha Deva and the related Mantras are:: Tatpurushaaya vidmahey Vaagshuddhaaya Dhimahi tannah Shivah Prachodayaat Ganaambikaayai vidmahey Karma saadhyaih cha dhimahi. Tanno Gauri Prachodayaat/ Tatpurushaaya vidmahey Maha Devaaya Dhimahi. Tanno Nirrutih prachodayaat/ Shuddhahastaaya vidmahey Paasha hastaaya dhimahi. Tannah Srashta prachodayaat/ Shivaasya jaayai vidmahey Deva rupaayai dhimahi. Vishnum chaiva Maha Vishnum sadaa Vishnumanukramaat sthaapayeyddeva Gayatraya parikalpya vidhaanatah/ ( In case Vishnu or Vsihu’s Amsha Devas are to be installed then such idols be erected by reciting the Mantra viz. Tanno Lakshmi prachodayaat/ Samruddhaayai vidmahey Vishnunaikena dhimahi. or alternatively with the recitation of Om Namo Vaasudavaaya namah Sankarshanaaya cha Pradyumnaaya Pradhaanaaya Aniduddhaaya vai namah/ ) Phala Shruti Brahma swayamburbhagavaanidam vachanamabraveet. Pujayet staapayetteshaamaasana pranavam smritam/ Athavaa Vishnumatulam suktena Purushena vaa. Tanno Dharaa prachodayaay/ Vainateyaaya vidmahey Suvarna pakshaaya dhimahi. Tanno Yamah prachodayaat/ Nishaacharaaya vidmahey Khadga hastaaya dhimahi. Om namo Naraayanaaya namah. Tanno Vahnih prachodayaat/ Vaivaswataaya vidmahey Dandahastaaya dhimahi. Tanno Nandee prachodayaat/ Naraayanaaya vidmahey Vaasudevaaya dhimahi. Tanno Rudrah prachodayaat/ Tatpurushaaya vidmahey Vakratundaaya Dhimahi. Tanno Vaachaa prachodayaat/ Devaraajaaya vidmahey vajrahastaaya dhimahi. 82 . Tanno Varunah prachodayaat/ Sarva Praanaaya vidmaheyYashti hastaaya dhimahi.Tanno Vishnuh prachodayaat/ Mahaambikaayai vidmahey karma siddhaaih dhimahi. Tanno Dantih prachodayaat/ Maha Senaaya vidmahey Vaagvishuddhaaya dhimahi. Tanno Vrishah prachodayaat/ Harivaktraaya vidmahey Rudravaktraaya dhimahi. Tannah Shakrahy prachodayaat/ Rudra netraaya vidmahey Shaktihastaaya dhimahi. Tanno Yakshah prachodayaat/ Sarveshwaraaya vidmahey Shula hastaaya dhimahi. Lainga maadyantakhilam yah pathecchrunuyaadapi/ Dwijebhyaha shraavayedaapi sa yaati Paramaam gatim.Tanno Vaayuh prachodayaat/ Yaksheswaraaya vidmahey Gadaa hastaaya dhimahi. Karmaani chaapi mishrena kevalam Vidyayaapivaa/ Nivruttischasya Viprasya Bhavet bhaktis cha Shaaswati.Tannah Skandah prachodayaat/ Tikshna shringaaya vidmahey Veda paadaaya dhimahi. Tanno Garudah prachodayaat/ Padmodbhavaaya vidmahey Veda Vaktraaya dhimahi.Tanno Rudrah prachodayaat/ Katyaayanaaya vidmahey Kanya kumaaryai dhimahi.Tanno Durgaa prachodayaat/ Yevam Prabhidya Gayatrim Tattaddevaanu rupatah.
Maha Tapaa davirtapaa Adrushyo Dhana Saadhakah/ Samvatrah kruto Mantrah Praanaayaamah Param Tapah. Maharupo Maha Kaayah Sarva Rupoh Mahaayashaah/ Mahatmaa Sarva bhutascha Virupo Vaamano Narah. Pravrutthischa Nivruttischa Shantaatmaa Shaswato Dhruvah/ Shmashaana vaasi Bhagavankhacharo gocharordanah.Mayi Narayanehy Devey shraddhaa chaastu Mahaatmanah/ Vamshasyachaakshayaa vidyaa chaa pramnaadascha Sarvatah/ Ityaagnyaa Brahmanasta –smaatthasya Sarveym Mahatmanah/ ( Bhagavan Brahma affirmed that whoever reads or hears or gets it read from beginning till the end would attain Parama Gati. it should bestow Akshaya Vidya. Chandrah Suryah Shanih Ketuh graho Grahapatirmatah/ Rajaa Rajyodayah Kartaa Mriga baanaarpanoghanah. Keerti and Vamsha Vriddhi. Jati Dandi Shikhandi cha Sarvagah Sarva Bhavanah/ Harischa Harinaakshascha Sarva Bhuta harah Smrutah. Swayambhuh Sarva karmaacha Aadiraadikaro nidhih/ Sahasraaksho Visaalaakshah Somo Nakshatra saadhakah. Yagna. Yogi Yogo Mahaabeejo Mahaaretaa Maha Balah/ Suvarna retaah Sarvajnah Subeejo Vrisha Vahanh. the fruits of performing Tapas. Daana and Vedaadhyana would indeed be available by this Sacred Linga Purana. Shiva Sahasra Naamaavali (Annexure) Om Sthirah Staanuh Prabhurbhaanuh ParavaromVarado Varah/ Sarvatmaa Sarva Vikhyaatah Sarvah Sarvakaro bhavah. Lokapaalontarhitaatmaa prasaadobhayado Vibhuh/ Pavitrascha Mahaams -chaiva niyato niyataashrayah. Dasha baahustwa nimisho Nila Kantha Umaapatih/ 83 . Abhivaadyo Maha Karmaa Tapasvi Bhuta dhaaranah/ Unmatthaeshah prachhinnah Sarva lokah Prajapatih.
Nyagrotharupo Nyagrotho Vishva karmaacha Vishwa bhuk/ Teekshnopaayascha Haryaswah SahaayahKarma kaalavit.VishwarupahSwayam sreshtho Bala Veero Balaagranih. Vishnuh Prasaadito yagnah Samudro badavaamukhah/ 84 . Bahu bhuto bahu dhanah Sarvasaaromriteshwarah/ Nitya priyo Nitya nrityo nartanah Sarva saadhakah. Simha shardula swarupascha gandhamkaari Kapardipi/ Urthwaretorva lingicha Urthwa shaali nabhastalah. Gana kartaa Ganapatir digvaasaah kaamy yevacha/ Mantra vipat Paramo Mantrah Sarva bhava karo harah. Sahasra hasto Vijayo Vyavasaayohyaninditah/ Amarshano Marshanaatmaa Yanjahaa Kaama naashanah. Ajascha Mriga Rupascha Tejastejaskaro Vidhih/ Ushnishi cha suvakrascha Udgano vinastatha. Gajahaa Daityahaa Kaalo Loka dhaataa Gunaakarah/ Simha shardula rupaanaamardra charmeembara dharah. Dirghacha Harikeshascha Suteerthah Krishna yevacha/ Shrugaala rupam Sarvaartho Mundah Sarva Shubhankarah. Kamandala dharo Dhanvi Baana hastah Kapaalavaan/ Shari Shataghni Khadgi cha pattishihaayudhi Mahan. Kalayogi Mahaanaadah Sarvavaschatushpathah/ Nishaacharah pretachaari Sarva Darshi Maheswarah. Gambhira ghosho Gambiro Gambhira bala vaahanah. Dakshahaa parichaari cha prahaso Madhya mastathaa/ Tejopahaari Balavaanviditobhydito bahuh. Sarvaarmuko Mahaabahur Mahaghoro Mahatapaah/ Mahashiro Mahapaasho Nityo Giricharo matah. Trijati cheera vaasaas cha Rudrah Senapatirvibhuh/ Ahoraatramcha naktam cha tigmanyuh Suvarchasah.
Vaanaspatyo Vaajasano nityamaashraya pujitah/ 85 . Vrikshah Shri maala karmaa cha Sarva bandha vimochanah/ Bandhanastu Surendraanaam yudhi Shatru vinaashanah. Ugra tejaa Mahaa Tejaa Jayo Vijaya kaalavit/ Jyotishaamayanam siddhih Sandhirvigraha yevacha. Chakra hastaastu Vishthambhi Mulastambhana yevacha/ Ruthur Rutukarastaalo Madhur madhukaro varah. Aakaasho nirvirupascha vivaasaa Uragah khagah/ Bhikshuscha Bhikshu rupi cha Roudra rupah Surupavaan. Sarva turyaaninaadi cha Sarva vyaapya parigrahah/ Vyala rupi bilaavaasi gruhaavaasi tarangavit. Sarvaavaasi trayi vaasi Upadeshakaro dharah/ Muniratma Munirlokaha sabhaagyascha Devascha Vaama Devascha Vaamanah/ Siddhi yogaapahaari cha Siddhah Sarvaartha saadhakah. Mekhyala – akruti rupascha Jalaacharaha stutastathaa/ Veenicha panavi taali naali kalikutastatha.Hutaashana sahaayascha Prashaantaatmaa Hutaashanah. Sakhaa pravaaso durvaapah sarva shadhu nishevitah/ Praskandopya vibhaavascha tulyo yagna vibhaagavit. Sarva vaasah Sarva chaari Durvaasaa Vaasavomatah/ Haimo Hemakaro yagnah Sarva dhaari Dharottamah. Khadgi Shankhi jati jwaali khacharo dyucharo Bali/ Vaishnavi Panavi Kaalah Kaala kanthah katam katah/ Nakshatra vigraho bhaavo nibhavah swatomukhh/ Vimochanastu sharano Hiranya kavachobhavah. Vasuretaah Suvarchasvi VasuvegoMaha bakah/ Mano Vego nischaacharah Sarvaloka shubha pradah. Akshunnah Kshunna rupascha Vrishano Mruduravyayah/ Maha Seno Vishaakhascha Shashthi bhogo gavaam patih.
Chaturmukho Maha Lingaschaaru Lingastathaiva cha/ Lingaadhyakshah Suraadhyaksha Kaalaadhyaksho yugaavahah. Beejaadhyaksho yugaavahah. Praasaatastu Balo Darpo Darpino Havya Indrajit/ Veda kaarah Sutra kaaro Viddhjaamscha Paramardanah. Beejaadhyaksho Beeja kartaa Adhyaatmaanugato Balah/ ItihaasaschaKalpaschaDamano Jagadeswarah. Mahaanaaso Mahaakantho Mahaagreevah Smashaanavaan/ Mahabalo Mahaatejaa hyantaraatmaa Mrigaalayah. Aksharam Paramam Brahma balavaancchukra eva cha/ Nityohyaneeshah Shuddhaatmaa Shuddho maano Gatirhavih. Lambitoshthascha Nishthascha Maha Maayah Payonidhih/ 86 . Dambho Dambhakaro Daataa Vamsho Vamshakarah Kalih/ Loka Kartaa Pashupatir Maha Kartaa hyadhokshajah. Swasti Swasti swabhaavas cha Bhogi Bhoga karo laghuh/ Utsangascha Mahaangascha Mahaa Garbhah Prataapavaan. Maha megha nivaasi cha Maha ghoro Vashee karah/ Agnijwaalo Mahajwaalah Pari dhumaavruto Ravih. Ishaana Ishwarah Kaalo nischaachari-hyanekadruk/ Nimitthastho nimittham cha Nandirnandikaro Harah. Maha murdhaa Maha maatro Maha Mitro Nagaalayah/ Maha Skandho Mahaa karno Mahoshthascha Mahaahanuh. Krishna Varnah Suvarnascha Indryaha Sarva Vaarnikah/ Mahaapaado Maha hasto Maha Kaayo Mahaashayah.Brahmachaari Loka chaari Sarva chaari suchaaravit. Dhishanah Shankaro Nityo Varchaswi Dhumra lochanah/ Nilatathaanga luptashcha Shobhano Naravigrahah. Nandeswarah Sunandi cha Nandano Vishamardanah/ Bhagahaari niyantaa cha Kaalo Loka Pitaamahah.
Lambito Lambitoshthascha Lambahasto Varapradah/ Baahustwa ninditah Sarvah Shankarothaapyakopanah. Kapilkah Kalashah Shtula Aayudhaschaiva Romashah/ Gandhravo hyaditistaaksharyo hyavijneyah Sushaaradah/ Parshva – dhaayodho Devo hyartha kaari Subaandhavah/ Tumbu Veeno Mahaa kopa Urthwa retaa Jaleshayah.Mahaa Daanto Mahaa Damshtro Mahaa jihvo Mahaa Mukhah. Bandhano Bandha Kartaa cha Subandhana Vimochanah/ Raakshasaghnotha Kaamaarir Mahaa dumshtro Mahaayudhah. Yajuh Paada bhujo Guhyaha Prakaashaujaastayaivacha/ Amovaarya prasaadascha Antarbhaavyah Sudarshanah. Aagamascha Vilopascha Mahatmaa Sarva pujitah/ Shuklah Stree rupa sampannah Shuchirbhuta nishevitah. 87 . Aashramathah Kapotastho Vishvakarmaa Patir Viraat/ Vishaala shaakhastaamroshtho hyum UjaalahSunischitah. Upahaarah Priyah Sarvah Kanakah Kaanchana sthitah/ Naabhirnandikaro harmyah Pushkarah Sthapatih sthitah. Sarva Shaastro Dhanaschaadyo Yagno Yajwaa Samaahitah/ Nago Neelah Kavih Kaalo Makarah Kaala pujitah. Ugro Vamsha karo Vamsho Vamsha vaadi hyaninditah/ Sarvaanga rupi Mayavi Suhrudohyaanilobalah. Mahaa Nakho Mahaa romaa Mahaa Kosho Mahaa Jatah/ Asapatnah prasaadascha pratyayo Geeta saadhakah. Mandali Meru vaasascha Deva vaahana eva cha/ Atharva seershah Saamaasya Ruksahasrorjitekeshanah. Sagano Ganakaarascha Bhuta bhaavana saarathih/ Bhasma shaayi Bhasma goptaa Bhasma bhuta tanurgunah. Prasvedano swahenascha Aadikascha Maha Munih/ Vrishako Vrishaketuscha Analo Vayuvahanah.
Mahaamanaa Mahjaakaamo Chitta Kaamo Jitendriyah/ 88 . Dhaataa Vishnuscha Shakrascha Mitratwashtaa dharo Dhruvah/ Prabhaasah Parvato Vaayuryamaa Savitaa Ravih.raatro Malobhalah.Amaresho Mahaa Dheero Vishwa Devah Suraarihaa/ Ahirbudhnyo nikrutischa chekitaano halee tathaa. Gopaalo Gopati graamo Gocharma vasano harah/ Hiranya baashuscha tathaa Guhaa vaasah praveshanah. Hraswagreevo Mahaajanuralomlascha Mahoushadhih/ Siddhantakmaari Siddhaarthascchando Vyaakaranodbhavah. Amoghah Samyamo Drushto Bhojanah Praana dhaaranah/ Dhrutimaanmatimaanstryakshah sukrutastu yudhaam patih. Simha naadah Simhadrashtaha Simhaasyah Simhavaahanah/ Prabhaavaatmaa Jagatkaalah Kaalah Kampi Tarustanuh. Kulahaari Kulaakartaa Bahuvitto Bahuprajah/ Praanesho Bandhaki Vriksho Nakulaschaadrikastathaa. Dhrutischaiva Vidhaata cha Mandhaata Bhutabhavanah/ Neerasteerthascha bheemaschaSarva Karmaa Gunodyuhah. Ajaikapaccha Kaapaali sham Kumaro Maha Girih/ Dhanvantarir Dhumaketuh Suryo Vaishravanastathaa. Saarango Bhuta Chakraankah Ketumaali Subodhakah/ Bhutaalay Bhutaatiraho. Vasubhrut Sarva Bhutaatmaa Nischalah Suvidhurbhudhah/ Asuhrutsarva Bhutaanam Nischakaschala vidbhudah. Padmagarbho Mahaa garbhaschandra vaktro Nabhonaghah/ Balavaanschopa shaantascha Puraanah Punya kruttamah. Krura kartaa Kruravaasi Tanuraatmaa Mahoushadhah/ Sarvaashayah Sarvachaari Praaneshah Praaninaampatih/ Deva Devah Sukhotsiktah Sadasatsarva ratnavit/ Kailaasastho Guhaavaasi Himvadgiri samshrayah.
89 . Mulam Vishaalo hyamrutam Vyaktaavyaktastaponidhih/ Aarohanodhirohascha Shiladhaari Maha Tapaah. Sdahasra baahuh Sarvaangah Sharanyah Sarva Loka krut/ Pavitram Trimathur Mantrah Kanishthah Krishna Pilgalah. Avedaniya Aavedyah Sarvagascha Sukhaavahah/ Taaranascharano Dhaataa Paridhaa Pari Pujitaha. Vaaryakshah Kakubho Vajree Deepta Tejaah Sahasrapaat/ Sahasra murthaa Devendrah Dsarva Deva mayo Guruh. Mahaa Kantho Maha Yogi Yugo Yugakaro Harih/ Yugarupo Maharupo Vahyano Gahano Nagah. Mahaa Bhuto Bhutavrato hyaapsaro Gana Sevitah/ Mahaaketur dharaadhaata naikataanaratah swarah. Samyogo Vardhano Vruddho Ganikoya Ganaadhipah/ Nityo Dhaataa Sahaayascha Devasurapatih. Santaano Bahulo Baahuh sakalah Sarvapaavanah/ Karasthali Kapaalicha Urthwa samhanano yuaa. Vapuraavarta maanaanyo Vapuh Sreshtho Mahaa Vapuh/ Shiro Vimarshanah Sarva Lakshya Lakshana Bhushitah. Akshayo Ratha geetascha Sdarva Bhogi Mahjaabalah/ Saamnaayotha Mahaamnaayas Tirtha Devo Maha Yashaah. Nyaayo Nirvaapanopaadah Pandito hyachalopamah/ Bahumaalo Mahaa Maalah Shipivishthah Sulochanah. AashaadhaschaSushaadhascha Skandhado Harito Harah. Yatra TantraSuvikhyaato Lokah Sarvaashrayo Mriduh/ Mundo Virupo Vikruto Dandi Kundi Vikurvanah. Nirjeevo Jeevano Mantrah Subhago Bahu Karkashaha/ Ratnabhutotha Ratnaango Mahaarnava Niopaatavit. Yuktascha Yukta baahuscha Sudevopi Suparvanah.Gangaadharascha Suraapascha Taapa karma rato hitah.
90 .Brahma danda vinirmaataa Shataghnah Shata paasha dhruk/ Kalaa Kaashthaa Lavo Maatraa Muhurtohah Khapaa Khsanah. Swarga dwaaram Moksha dwaaram PrajaadwaaramnTrivishthapah/ Nirvaanam Hridayaschaiva Brahma lokah Paraa gatih. Shringi Shringa Priyo Babhru rajaraajo niraamayah/ Abiraamah Susharano Niraamah Sarva saadhanah. Ijyo Hasti thaa Vyaaghro Deva Simho Maharshabhah/ Vibudhaagrya Surah Sheshthah Sarva Devastathottamah. Bhaktimevam Purusktritya mayaa Yajnaparirrvibhuh/ Tatojanujnaam praapyevam stuto Bhaktimataam gatih. Devaasura vinirmaataa Devaasura paraayanah/ Devaasura Gururdevo Devaasura Namaskrutah. Devaadhi Devo Devashi Devaasura Varapradah/ Devaasureshwaro Vishnur devaasura Maheshwarah. Lalaataaksho Vishwa Devo Harino Brahma varchasah/ Sthaavaranaam Patischaiva Nmiyatondriya vartanah. Tasmaallabdhwaa stavam Shambornrupa strailokya visrutah. Sarva Devamayochintyo Devaatmaa Swayambhavah/ Udagatastrikamo Vaidyo Varadovarajovarah. Devaasura Mahaa Maatro Devaasura Ganaashrayah/ Devaasura ganaadhyaksho Devaasura gana granih. Samyuktah Shobhano Vaktaa Aashaanaam Prabhavoyvayah/ Guruhn Kaanto Nijah Sargah Pavitrah Sarva vaahanah. Siddhaardhah Sarva Bhutaathom—achintyah Satyaha Shuchivratah/ Vrataadhipah Param Brahma muktaanaam Paramaa gatih. Vishwa kshetra prado beejam Lingamaadyastu Nirmukhah/ Sadasadvyaktamavyaktam Pitaa Maataa Pitaamahah. Vimukto Muktakeshascha Shrimaamcchivardano Jagat/ Yathyaa pradhaanam Bhagavaaniti Bhaktya Stutomayaa.
Samvatsaram kramaajjaptwaa Trisandhyam Shankaraashramey/ Devamisthaa Tri Sandhyam cha Sara Paapai pramuchyatey/ [Brahma Putra Tandi who rendered Shiva Sahasranaama attained Ganapatya Status and he also enabled his disciple King Tridhanva of Manu clan to perform thousand Ashwamedha Yagnas and the latter too secured Ganapatya Status.] 91 . Ahwamedha Sahasrasya phalam praapnoti vai Dwijaah/ Brahmaghnascha Suraapascha steyeecha Guru talpagah. Sharanaagata ghaati cha Mitra Vishwaasa ghaatakah/ Maatruha Pitruha chaiva Veerahaa Bhrunahaa tathaa.Ashvamedha Sahasram cha Phalampraapya Mahaa Yashaah. Ganaadhipatyam Sampraaptastandinastejasaa Prabho! Yah Patheycchrunuyaadaapi shraavayed braahmaanaanipa.
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