ELECTROMAGNETICS

GATE CLOUD

ELECTROMAGNETICS

R. K. Kanodia Ashish Murolia

JHUNJHUNUWALA

JAIPUR

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**GATE CLOUD ELECTROMAGNETICS, 1e R. K. Kanodia, Ashish Murolia
**

CC1015 Copyright by Jhunjhunuwala ISBN 978-8192-34838-4

Information contained in this book has been obtained by author, from sources believes to be reliable. However, neither Jhunjhunuwala nor its author guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information herein, and Jhunjhunuwala nor its author shall be responsible for any error, omissions, or damages arising out of use of this information. This book is published with the understanding that Jhunjhunuwala and its author are supplying information but are not attempting to render engineering or other professional services.

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PREFACE

GATE CLOUD caters a versatile collection of Multiple Choice Questions to the students who are preparing for GATE (Gratitude Aptitude Test in Engineering) examination. This book contains over 1200 multiple choice solved problems for the subject of Electromagnetics, which has a significant weightage in the GATE examination of Electronics and Communication Engineering. The GATE examination is based on multiple choice problems which are tricky, conceptual and tests the basic understanding of the subject. So, the problems included in the book are designed to be as exam-like as possible. The solutions are presented using step by step methodology which enhance your problem solving skills. The book is categorized into ten chapters covering all the topics of syllabus of the examination. Each chapter contains : Ÿ Exercise 1 : Level 1 Ÿ Exercise 2 : Level 2 Ÿ Exercise 3 : Mixed Questions Taken form Previous Examinations of GATE & IES. Ÿ Detailed Solutions to Exercise 1, 2 and 3. Although we have put a vigorous effort in preparing this book, some errors may have crept in. We shall appreciate and greatly acknowledge the comments, criticism and suggestion from the users of this book which leads to some improvement. You may write to us at rajkumar.kanodia@gmail.com and ashish.murolia@gmail.com. Wish you all the success in conquering GATE. Authors

SYLLABUS

**GATE ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
**

Networks:

Elements of vector calculus: divergence and curl; Gauss’ and Stokes’ theorems, Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms. Wave equation, Poynting vector. Plane waves: propagation through various media; reflection and refraction; phase and group velocity; skin depth. Transmission lines: characteristic impedance; impedance transformation; Smith chart; impedance matching; S parameters, pulse excitation. Waveguides: modes in rectangular waveguides; boundary conditions; cut-off frequencies; dispersion relations. Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers. Basics of Antennas: Dipole antennas; radiation pattern; antenna gain.

**IES ELECTRONICS & TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
**

Electromagnetic Theory:

Analysis of electrostatic and magnetostatic fields; Laplace's and Poisson's equations; Boundary value problems and their solutions; Maxwell's equations; application to wave propagation in bounded and unbounded media; Transmission lines : basic theory, standing waves, matching applications, microstrip lines; Basics of wave guides and resonators; Elements of antenna theory.

**IES ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
**

Electromagnetic Theory:

Electric and magnetic fields. Gauss's Law and Amperes Law. Fields in dielectrics, conductors and magnetic materials. Maxwell's equations. Time varying fields. Plane-Wave propagating in dielectric and conducting media. Transmission lines.

CONTENTS

*******

CHAPTER 1

VECTOR ANALYSIS

2

Vector Analysis

Chap 1

For View Only

EXERCISE 1.1

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in

MCQ 1.1.1

MCQ 1.1.2

Given the two vectors M = 5ax - 2ay + 4az and N =- 8ax - 7ay + 2az . The unit vector in the direction of (M -N ) will be (A) 0.82ax + 0.36ay - 0.14az (B) 0.92ax - 0.36ay + 0.41az (C) 0.92ax + 0.36ay + 0.14az (D) - 0.92ax - 0.36ay - 0.14az A vector field is specified as G = 4xyax + 2 ^2 + x2h ay + 3z2 az . The unit vector in the direction of G at the point (- 2, 1, 3) will be (B) - 0.26ax + 0.39ay + 0.88az (A) 0.26ax + 0.39ay + 0.88az (C) 0.36ax - 0.29ay + 0.24az (D) 0.88ax - 0.29ay + 0.36az

MCQ 1.1.3

MCQ 1.1.4

Consider three nonzero vectors A, B and C . Which of the following is not a correct

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

w. g

at e

he

lp.

co

m

The field lines of vector B = ra q is

Chap 1

Vector Analysis

3

**For View Only relation between them? (A) A # A = 0 (C) (A # B) # C = A # ^B # C h
**

MCQ 1.1.5

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in (B) A # ^B + C h = ^A # B h + ^A # C h (D) (B # A) =-^A # B h

The tips of three vectors A, B and C drawn from a point define a plane. A : ^B # C h equals to (A) +1 (B) - 1 (C) zero

MCQ 1.1.6

MCQ 1.1.7

(C) - 4 , - 2

MCQ 1.1.8

(C) - 2

ww w. ga te

Consider the vectors A = 4ax + 2kay + kaz and B = ax + 4ay - 4az . For what value of k the two vectors A and B will be orthogonal ? (A) 0 (B) + 1 (D) - 1

**Common Data for Question 9 - 10 :
**

In a cubical region ( x < 2 , y < 2 , z < 2 ) a vector field is defined as E = 9zy2 cos (2x) ax + 8zy sin (2x) ay + 2y2 sin (2x) az .

MCQ 1.1.9

The vector field component Ex will be zero in the plane (A) z = 0 (B) y = 0 (C) x = p/4 (D) All of the above

MCQ 1.1.10

In the plane y - 4z = 0 , the vector field components Ey and Ez are related as (B) Ey + Ez = 0 (A) 2Ey = Ez (C) Ey = 2Ez (D) Ey = Ez

MCQ 1.1.11

The plane surface on which the vector field E will be zero is (A) x = 0 (B) y = 0

(C) z = 0 (D) none of the above GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

he

The vector fields are defined as A = a r + 2af + 3az and B = aa r + baf - 6az . If the fields A and B are parallel then the value of a and b are respectively. (A) - 2 , - 2 (B) - 2 , - 4 (D) - 2 , - 1

lp.

The component of vector A along vector B is (B) A : B (A) A : B B A (C) A : B (D) A : B AB

co

m

(D) can’t be determined as A, B and C are not given

4

Vector Analysis

Chap 1

**For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 1.1.12 Distance between the points P (x = 2, y = 3, z =- 1) and Q (r = 4, f =- 50, z = 2) is (A) 3.74 (B) 4.47 (C) 6.78
**

MCQ 1.1.13

(D) 8.76

The uniform vector field A = ay can also be expressed as (A) sin fa r + sin faf (B) cos fa r + sin faf (C) sin q cos far + cos q cos fa q + sin faf (D) sin q cos far + cos q cos fa q - sin faf

MCQ 1.1.15

The angle formed between A =- 5a r + 10af + 3az and surface z = 5 is (A) 10c (B) 15c

MCQ 1.1.16

(C) - 2ay

MCQ 1.1.17

at e

The component of vector A =- 4a r - 20af + 4az parallel to the line x = 6 , z =- 2 at the point P (3, 90c, 2)is (A) - 4a r + 2af (B) ax - ay (D) - 2az

(C) (c , b, a )

MCQ 1.1.18

ww

w. g

In the cartesian co-ordinate system the co-ordinates of a point P is (a, b, c).Now consider the whole cartesian system is being rotated by 145c about an axis from the origin through the point (1, 1, 1) such that the rotation is clockwise when looking down the axis towards the origin. What will be the co-ordinates of the point P in the transformed cartesian system ? (A) (a/2, b/2, c/2) (B) (- a , - b , - c ) (D) (c , a , b)

Consider R be the position vector of a point P (x, y, z) in cartesian co-ordinate system then gradR equals to (A) 1 (B) 4R R (C) R R (D) R 2R

MCQ 1.1.19

Given the vector filed A = y2 ax + (2xy + x2 + z2) ay + (4x + 2yz) az . The divergence of the vector field is (A) 2 (x + y) (B) x2 + y2 + z2 + 6x + 2y (C) 2y (x + z) (D) 0

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

he

(C) 45c

lp.

(D) 75c

(C) - 8ar + 2.2a q + 5.5af

co

MCQ 1.1.14

The vector filed F = 12ax can be expressed in spherical coordinates at the point (x = 3 , y = 2 , z =- 1) as (A) 8ar - 2a q + 5af (B) 8ar - 2.2a q - 5.5af (D) 8ar + 2.2a q + 5.5af

m

Chap 1

Vector Analysis

5

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 1.1.20 A vector field F is defined as F = r sin fa r + 2r2 zaf + z cos faz . The 4# F at point P ^1, p/2, 2h equals to (A) a r + 6az (B) - a r + 2az (C) 3a r + 6az

MCQ 1.1.21

(D) - 5a r + 6az

Which one of the following vector function has divergence and curl both zero ? (B) B = xyax - yzaz (A) A = 2xzax - yzay - z2 az (C) C = xyax - xzay - yzaz (D) D = yzax + xzay + xyaz

MCQ 1.1.24

(C) 46

MCQ 1.1.25

ww w. ga te

(B) d # ^ fAh = f ^d # Ah - A # ^df h f gdf - f dg (C) d c m = g g2 g (d # A) - A # (dg) (D) d # c A m = g g2 Laplacian of the scalar field f = 2rz sin f + 4z2 cos2 f + 4r2 at the point P (3, p/2, 6) is (A) 16 (B) 0

A conservative field M is given by M = (z cos (xz) + y) ax + 5kxay + x cos (xz) az . The value of k will be (A) 1 (B) 0 (C) - 1 (D) 1/2 A scalar field g = ^1 + 5k h x2 y + xyz will be harmonic at all the points for the value of k equals to (A) 1/2 (B) 0 (C) - 1/2 (D) can’t be determined

MCQ 1.1.26

MCQ 1.1.27

Curl of the gradient of any scalar field is (A) zero everywhere (B) zero at origin only (C) zero at infinity only (D) it does not exist

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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lp.

(D) 40

MCQ 1.1.23

In a certain region consider f and g are the two scalar fields where as A is a vector field. Which of the following is not a correct relation ? (A) d : (fA) = f ^d : Ah - A : ^df h

co

m

MCQ 1.1.22

The curl of the unit vectors a r , af and az in cylindrical co-ordinate system is listed below. Which of them is correct ? ar af az ar af az 1 1 (A) 0 (B) 0 az 0 a r af r r 1 (C) 0 (D) 0 ra f a r ra f r ar

6

Vector Analysis

Chap 1

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 1.1.28 A vector field is given as A = (x + 4z) ax + (3x - 7z) ay + (4x + 3y - cz) az . The value of c for which A will be solenoidal is (A) 1 (B) - 1 (C) 0

MCQ 1.1.29

(D) 3

For a vector function A = (4x + k1 z) ax + (k2 x - 5z) ay + (4x - k 3 y + 2z) az to be irrotational value of k1 , k2 and k 3 will be respectively. (A) - 5 , 0, 4 (B) 0, 4, 5

MCQ 1.1.30

MCQ 1.1.31

(B) 1 (C) - 1

MCQ 1.1.32

**Consider C is any closed path and U is a scalar field. So, the contour integral U # ^d h : dl
**

C

is

(B) - 1 (C) zero

**(D) Can’t be determined as C and U is not given
**

MCQ 1.1.33

A vector field is defined as A = 3yzax + z2 xay + 2xyaz .The surface integral of the field over a closed surface S is (A) 1 (B) 5 (C) zero

(D) can’t be determined as surface S is not given ***********

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

w. g

(A) 1

at e

(D) can’t be determined as C is not defined.

he

path then the contour integral (A) zero

# dl

C

lp.

is

The unit vector normal to the plane 2x + 3y + 6z = 7 is (B) 1 ^4ax + 4ay + 6az h (A) 1 ^ax + 2ay + 3az h 14 24 1 a + 2a + 3a 1 2a + 4a + 6a (C) (D) ^ x ^ x y zh y zh 14 58 Consider C is a certain closed path and dl is the differential displacement along the

co

m

(C) 4, 0, 5

(D) 1, 4, 3

92ay + 0.43ax .2ax .11ay (D) 0.37az + 0.44az MCQ 1.11ay .2. 15) respectively.21ay + 0.17ax MCQ 1.0.12ax + 0. 10.0.5a r GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.0.53c (B) 53.4 The unit vector in the plane of the triangle which bisects the interior angle at A is (A) 0.49ax .0.4.70c .3ay (A) 2ax + 3ay (C) 0.0.2 Shop Online at www.51ax + 0.5a r (D) . f = p/4 . 5).23ax .nodia.19az he MCQ 1.44az (B) 0.14. 2.1 Common Data for Question 2 .0.in MCQ 1.21c (D) 61c m If the edge of a cube is 3 units then the angle formed between it’s body diagonals will be (A) 70.2.0.66ax .11ax .0.0.832ay + 0.42ay . co (C) 66. .61ax + 0.1) is ^x + y2h (B) .41ax + 0.0.2.23az + 0.55ax .co.43az (C) .54ax + 0.81ay + 0.21ay .11ay . (B) 0.11az MCQ 1.52az (C) 0.4 : Consider a triangle ABC .0.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 7 For View Only EXERCISE 1.41ay + 0.3) and (.077az (B) 0. whose vertex A.2.2 The unit vector perpendicular to the plane of the triangle is (A) 0. B and C are located at the points (.2. 20.0. ga te (C) .23ay .0.65az (D) 0.0.5 xa + 2yay A vector field F = x2 at the point P (r = 2 . (16.3 The unit vector in the plane of the triangle which is perpendicular to AC is (A) .37az lp.76az (D) 0. z = 0.38ay + 0.0.

6 The component of vector A = rar .2. The value of grad ^ R h equals to h (x. 330c) is (A) 0.R6 R (D) R3 R co (D) .nodia. y. The top of the hill will be located at (A) 3 miles north. everywhere (C) 63 . (C) 2 miles north.2.8 Vector Analysis 2 Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www.9 Consider R is a separation vector from a fixed point (a .12 R GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he The unit vector that is perpendicular to A and tangent to the cone q = 135c is a (B) 1 ^4ar + 3afh (A) 1 aa q + f k 5 3 10 (C) 1 ^3ax + 4afh (D) 1 (9ar + 2af) 5 85 lp. z) a vector field is given by F = R aR .4a q + 9af at the point P (9.r sin q cos fa q + r4 af tangential to the spherical surface r = 20 at point P (20. y.12ar . MCQ 1.043a q + 100af (B) = 0.3xy + 36x . The divergence of the vector field F will be 2 (A) zero. 2 miles east of Railway station. everywhere R ww w.56y + 100 Where x is the distance (in miles) in north and y is the distance (in miles) in east of Udaipur railway station. (B) . that is tangent to the cone q = 150c is (B) .co.0.2. 150c.2. (D) 6 miles south. 45c). 3 miles east of Railway station. (B) 2 miles south. b. c ) to a varying point 1 (x.7 The vector component of A. 150c.in 3 MCQ 1.43a q + 10af (C) 4. g MCQ 1. y) = 6x2 + 8y2 .8a q + 9af MCQ 1. at all points excluding origin (D) 63 .2. .8 : MCQ 1.8 MCQ 1.10af Common Data for Question 7 . at all points excluding origin R m A vector field has the value A =.10 A certain hill located in Udaipur is of height h that varies as : at e (A) .8a q (A) .3a q + 100af (D) . 2 miles west of Railway station.11 15 At any point P (x.12ar .R3 R (C) .12af + 9ar (C) . z) in the Cartesian coordinate system. 3 miles east of Railway station.043a q . where R is the position vector of the point P .12ar + 9af (B) zero.2.

0. (. 0).2) by the route (0.1. (0. 0. 0) is (A) 1/2 (B) .16 ww w. r = 2 is (A) 4p (C) p (B) 16p (D) 32p GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he A wedge defined by 0 # r # 5 . The line integral of the field A around the closed loop that goes out along the route defined in Question 12 and back along the route defined in Question 13 is (A) 64 units (B) 0 units (D) 26 units co (C) 4 units (D) 32 units (D) 25/4 units m The line integral of the vector field A from the origin to the point (2.nodia.1/2 (C) 31/2 (D) 1/60 MCQ 1. 2. 0) " (2. 0.12 The line integral of A from origin to the point (2.2. 0) " (2. 0. ga te Volume integral of the function f = 30z2 over the tetrahedron with corners at (0.25/4 units MCQ 1.2. 45 # f # 180c.17 Total outward flux of a vector field A = 1 r2 cos2 fa r + 2z2 af through the closed 4 surface of a cylinder 0 # z # 2 . MCQ 1. 2) along the direct straight line is (A) 16 units (B) 24 units . 0.14 (C) 36 units MCQ 1.2. 2.1.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 9 For View Only Shop Online at www. .in Statement for Linked Question 12 .1). 0) " (2. . z = 2 is shown in figure lp.13 MCQ 1. 2) will be (A) 32 units (B) 8 units (C) 24 units (D) 6 units MCQ 1.14 : Given a vector field A = 3x2 ax + 3yzay + 3y2 az . (0. 2.2.15 Circulation of A = r sin fa r + z2 cos faz along the edge L of the wedge is (A) 10 units (B) 5/2 units (C) .2.2.2. 0).co.

he (A) 12p lp.co.21 : Consider S1 and S2 are respectively the top and slanting surfaces of an ice cream cone of slant height 2 m and angle 60c as shown in figure. g (B) 7 units (D) 10/6 units Common Data for Question 20 .in MCQ 1. If L is a closed path defined by the sides of a triangle as shown in the figure then.2.nodia.2.19 A vector function is given by G = 6x2 yax .18 A quarter cylinder of radius 2 and height 5 exists in the first octant of a cartesian coordinate system as shown in the figure below. Surface integral of a vector field A = (4r + 3r sin2 f) a r + r sin 2faf + 6zaz over the surface of the cylinder will be (C) 40p MCQ 1.5y2 ay + 2zaz .2 a x + 2 a yD 2 2 x +y GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . where a vector field F is defined as 4x2 + 5y2 + 4z2 x y y 3x F = : 2 a x + 2 a y . (B) 30p (D) 80p co at e # G : dl L m equals to (A) 24 units (C) 2 units ww w.10 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www.

x . The total outward flux of F through the outer spherical surface will be GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia 3 3 m .nodia.2.co.20 The surface integral of the vector field F over the surface S1 will be (A) 2.2.22 The vector A is (A) irrotational but not solenoidal (C) solenoidal but not irrotational ww w. 3) along the curve y = x/2 will be (A) 42 units (B) 14 units (C) 16 units MCQ 1.3y .23 The scalar field.23 : Negative gradient of a scalar field f is A =-4 f = (x + z) ax . 1.xz + 3yz + z 2 2 he The surface integral of the vector field over the surface S2 will be (B) 3 p/3 (A) 4p/3 (D) 0 lp.xz + 3yz + z 2 2 2 2 MCQ 1. f equals to 2 2 (A) x + xz + z 2 2 (C) .x . ga te MCQ 1.3 units (B) 24 units (C) 0.24 Line integral of a vector field A = 5 (yax + xay) from a point P (2.in MCQ 1.z) az MCQ 1.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 11 For View Only Shop Online at www.2xz + 6yz + z 2 2 (D) .18 units MCQ 1.2.21 (C) 4p 3 /3 Common Data for Question 22 . 3) to the point Q (8.9 units (D) 32 units (B) both irrotational and solenoidal (D) neither solenoidal nor irrotational (B) .4zay + (x .2.2. 2 2 co (D) 1. 2.2.25 A vector field F = 2 ^ r1 + r1 cos 2fh ar exists in the region between the two spherical shells of radius 1 m and 2 m centred at the origin.

B and C are mentioned in the list below.4B then it’s graphical construction will be MCQ 1. Directions of A. Magnitude of vector A and B are 4 units and 3 units respectively.p (D) 2p Two vectors A and B make an angle 30c between them as shown in figure.2. Direction of A Direction of B Direction of C Direction of R (A) North South East West (B) South North West East (C) East West North West (D) West East South South GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Which of the following gives the correct direction of R for the given direction of the three vectors.12 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only (A) p (C) .26 Shop Online at www. vector R is defined as R = A # ^B # C h.co. g at e he lp.27 A certain.nodia.in (B) . co m . If a third vector R is defined such that R = 6A .2.2p MCQ 1.

4.in MCQ 1. 9h in cylindrical co-ordinates (A) A and B only (B) B and C only (C) A and C only MCQ 1.5x2 yz2 ax + 0. 3h in cartesian co-ordinates B = a r + af + 3az at ^2. p/2. y.co.ax + ay + 3az at ^1.29 (D) all the three vectors A.33 r Consider a vector field A = r cos fa r + af . 3h in cylindrical co-ordinates C = 2 a r + 3az at ^3. The volume integral (A) 2p (C) p/4 he The gradient of a scaler function is d ^x. z h = 1.2.2. ga te # A : dl C Consider a volume v is defined as the part of a spherical volume of radius unity lying in the first octant.4ax + 4ay . B and C (C) ax + az MCQ 1. 2.nodia.28 Which of the following vectors are equal : A =.2.2.5x3 z2 ay + x3 yzaz V The scalar function is x3 yz2 (A) x3 yz2 (B) 2 x2 yz3 (C) (D) xy3 z2 2 The equation of the plane tangential to the surface xyz = 1 at the point b 2.32 ww w. 1 l is 4 (A) 16x + 32y + z = 24 (B) 2x + y + 32z = 12 MCQ 1.30 (D) none of these MCQ 1.2. If C is the contour shown in the figure 3 then the contour integral (A) p + 4 (C) p + 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp.2.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 13 For View Only Shop Online at www. Which of the following vector is perpendicular to ^A + B h (B) 4ay + 4az (A) . v is equal to (B) p + 1 2 (D) 2p + 1 co (B) p/16 (D) p/8 (D) x + 16y + 32z = 24 # 2xdv is equal to m Two vectors are defined as A = ax + 5ay + 3az and B = 3ax + 2ay + az .31 (C) x + 2y + 32z = 12 MCQ 1. 3p/4.

e-1h 2 The divergence of the unit vectors ar .nodia.2. Which among them is correct ? GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . is (B) 1 9 (D) .35 Consider the contour C as shown in the figure ww w.36 -r at e he C2 # A : dl # A : dl C1 lp.1 9 (C) 9 MCQ 1.2.p e-1 (A) p e-1 2 2 (C) p ^1 + e-1h 2 MCQ 1. g If a vector field is defined as A = b e l a q then the contour integral r (B) .14 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www. Consider the two contours C1 and C2 as shown in the figure.a q and af in spherical co-ordinate system is listed below.9 co # A : dl C m is (D) p ^1 .34 A vector field is defined as A = 2r cos fa r + raf . The ratio of the contour integrals (A) .co.2.in 2 MCQ 1.

co.y2h ax .xyay + 2az 2 (C) 2 cos q ar + sin q a q r3 r3 MCQ 1.in ar r/2 2/r r/2 2/r aq r/ tan q cot q/r r/ tan q cot q/r af 0 0 1 1 MCQ 1.39 The vector field pattern of A = 3yax is MCQ 1. co -r (B) e af r (D) All of the above m Which of the following vector can be expressed as the gradient of a scalar ? -r (B) e af (A) 2yzax + 2xzay + 2xyaz r 2 cos fa + sin fa (C) 2 ^ (D) Both (A) and (C) r fh r .2. y h = Ax ax + 2Ay ay The curl and divergence of the vector field are both zero.nodia.40 A two dimensional vector field in Cartesian coordinate system is defined as A ^x.2.37 Shop Online at www. ga te he lp.2.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 15 For View Only (A) (B) (C) (D) MCQ 1.2.38 Which of the following vector can be expressed as curl of another vector ? (A) 1 ^x2 . Which of the following differential equation satisfies Ax and Ay (A) d2Ax = 0 (B) d2Ay = 0 (C) d2Ax + d2Ay = 0 (D) (A) and (B) both GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.

3xzay .in 2 2 MCQ 1.2 (D) 0 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e If A = r sin fa r + r2 a r . g (B) 7p .41 The circulation of F = x ax .1 6 MCQ 1. z) and R = R then d : Rn R is equal to (A) nrn (B) (n + 3) rn (D) 0 lp.1 3 (C) . and L is the contour of figure given below. y.16 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.42 (C) (n + 2) rn MCQ 1. then circulation # A : dl is he If R = xax + yay + zaz is the position vector of point P (x.co.43 L (A) 7p + 2 (C) 7p ww w. co (B) 1 6 (D) 1 3 m .y az around the path shown below is (A) .2.2.2.

The value of n for which d A = 0 is : (A) . co (C) 1 (D) 0 m The direction of vector A is radially outward from the origin. which of the following is true? (Note : C and SC refer to any closed contour and any surface whose boundary is C . C and D on a circle of radius 2 units as in the shown figure below.2 (B) 2 . ga te SC C C C (A) 0 (C) 1 MCQ 1.3.3 GATE 2009 If a vector field V is related to another vector field A through V = d # A.in MCQ 1. The items in List II are the values of af at different points on the circle.1 GATE 2012 MCQ 1.4 IES EC 2010 # A $ dl = ## V $ dS C S # ^d # V h : dl = ## ^d # Ah : dS C S # ^d # V h : dl = ## V : dS C S Consider points A. then o # A $ dl C over the path shown in the figure is ww w.3.3 Shop Online at www.3. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (B) 2 3 (D) 2 3 lp. B.2 GATE 2010 If A = xyax + x 2 ay . ) (A) # V $ dl = ## A $ dS C (B) (C) (D) MCQ 1.nodia. with A = krn . where r2 = x2 + y2 + z2 and k is a constant.co.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 17 For View Only EXERCISE 1.3.

ay) / 2 IES EC 2009 MCQ 1.3. 6. b. b.p2 lp. If a.7 IES EC 2003 Which one of the following potentials does NOT satisfy Laplace’s Equation ? (A) V = 10xy (B) V = r cos f (C) V = 10/r (D) V = r cos f + 10 MCQ 1. 2. 4.(ax + ay) / 2 (ax . List II ax ay . y and z directions respectively.6 IES EC 2007 MCQ 1. 5. A B C D 1.8 IES EC 2003 Laplacian of a scalar function V is (A) Gradient of V (B) Divergence of V (C) Gradient of the gradient of V (D) Divergence of the gradient of V GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww The electric field intensity E at a point P is given by 10ax + 10ay + 10az where ax .ax (ax + ay) / 2 .co. ay and az are unit vectors in x.5 If V = 2 sinh x cos kye pz is a solution of Laplace’s equation. d.in List I a. they are given by which of the following ? (B) (A) a = b = g = 30c a = b = g = 60c (C) a = b = g cos-1 1 (D) a = b = g = cos-1 1 3 3 w. c.3. 3.p2 1 . what will be the value of k ? 1 (B) 1 + p2 (A) 2 1+p 1 (C) (D) 1 .3. g at e he MCQ 1.nodia.18 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www. y and z axes respectively.3. Codes : a (A) 3 (B) 1 (C) 1 (D) 3 b 4 6 6 5 c 5 5 2 4 d 2 2 4 2 co m . g respectively the angles the E vector makes with x.

3.v e 2 V (D) d2 V = 1 2 c r 2 m + 2 1 =0 r2 2 r r f r sin2 q2 2 MCQ 1.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 19 For View Only Shop Online at www.in 2 3 3 MCQ 1. For the contour as shown below. co m .nodia. # A : dl is (A) 1 (C) 1 + (p/2) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (B) .2Ray (B) 1 .12 IES EE 2003 ww w.3.2z) az can be termed as IES EC 2002 (A) Harmonic (B) Divergence less (C) Solenoidal MCQ 1. ga te Given a vector field A = 4r cos far in cylindrical coordinates.11 IES EE 2005 What is the value of the integral the direction of the arrow ) ? # dl c along the curve c ?( c is the curve ABCD in (A) 2R (ax + ay) / 2 (C) 2Rax MCQ 1.co.2R (ax + ay) / 2 (D) .9 A field A = 5x yzax + x zay + (x y .3.(p/2) (D) .10 IES EC 2001 (D) Rotational Laplace equation in cylindrical coordinates is given by 2 2 r2 V 2V 1 2V (A) d2 V = 1 2 e o + 2e 2 o + 2 = 0 r2 2 r r r 2 f 2 z 2 2 2 (B) d2 V = 2V + 2V + 2V 2 2 2 2 22 x y z r (C) d2 V =.3.1 lp.

around the closed circular quadrant (B) p + 4 2 (D) p + 2 2 co m (C) ax # (ay # az ) = ax # (az # ay) .co.3.15 IES EE 2002 Match List I with List II and select the correct answer : List I (Term) a b c curl ^F h = 0 div ^F h = 0 List II (Type) 2.3.in MCQ 1. Irrotational 3.3.13 If a vector field B is solenoidal.3. g MCQ 1.nodia. which of these is true ? IES EE 2002 (B) # B : ds = 0 (A) # B : dl = 0 L s (C) d # B = 0 MCQ 1.16 If A = 2ar + af + az . the value of shown in the given figure is at e (A) (B) (C) (D) a 2 4 2 4 b 3 1 1 3 c 1 3 3 1 d 4 2 4 2 he # A : dl d div div ^fh = 0 Codes : div Grad ^fh = 0 4. Laplace equation IES EE 2001 ww w.20 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www.14 IES EE 2002 (D) d : B = 0 Y Which of the following equations is correct ? (A) ax # ax = ax 2 (B) (ax # ay) + (ay # ax ) = 0 (D) ar : a q + a q : ar = 0 MCQ 1. Not defined (A) p (C) p + 4 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp. Solenoidal 1.

2) 2) ay + 3 (3) 2 az =.(. M . unit vector in the direction of G at Q : .4 Option (B) is correct.0.8ax + 12ay + 27az aG = G = .nodia.1. According to right hand rule we determine that ^B # C h points out of the page and so A # ^B # C h points down that has magnitude ABC .8ax + 12ay + 27az So.perpendicular to A as shown in the figure. the given relation is incorrect.2) (1) ax + 2 (2 + (.8ax + 12ay + 27az G =. 3) : G = 4 (. .1 Shop Online at www.3 SOL 1.co. co m Option (D) is correct. Option (A).36ay + 0. Now we check the relation defined in option (C). since A = B So we have (A # B) = 0 and hence (A # B) # C = 0 Therefore ^A # B h # C = 0 ! A # ^B # C h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in SOL 1. (D) are the properties of vector product.1.2ay + 4az + 8ax + 7ay .1.2 SOL 1. of the relation.N ) is 13ax + 5ay + 2az a = M-N = M-N 13ax + 5ay + 2az = 0.8ax . This inequality can be explained by considering vector A = B and C . the unit vector in the direction of (M .S.49ay + 0.2.7ay + 2az ) = 5ax . 1.92ax + 0.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 21 For View Only SOLUTIONS 1. (B). ga te Option (C) is correct. Since the triple cross product is not associative in general so.1.H. Vector G at (.88az he Option (B) is correct.1 SOL 1.2az = 13ax + 5ay + 2az So. Given the vector field has the only component in a q direction and its magnitude is r so as r increase from origin to the infinity field lines will be larger and directed along a q as shown in option (A). But in L.N = 5ax .2ay + 4az .26ax + 0.14az lp.

5 SOL 1. As the direction of cross vector is normal to the plane. lp. Now the dot product of two mutually perpendicular vectors is always zero and since the direction of B # C will be perpendicular to the plane of vector A. As the angle between the two vectors is a. So A : ^B # C h will be zero. Cross product of two parallel vector fields is always zero since the angle between them is q = 0c. A1 = b l AB = A:B B SOL 1.in SOL 1. So. So component of vector A along B is A1 = ^cos ah A cosine of the angle between the two vectors is defined as cos a = A : B AB A:B A So.1.co.1. A#B = 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.nodia.6 Option (C) is correct.22 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www. i.1. g at e he Option (B) is correct. co m . Consider the two vectors A and B are as shown below. direction of B # C will be normal to the plane defined by the three vectors.e.7 Option (C) is correct.

So for the given condition Ex = 0 We have.4 and a =.1 m .1.2 SOL 1.4z = 0 & y = 4z So.co. 9zy cos 2x = 8zy sin 2x = 2y2 sin 2x = 0 This condition met in the plane y = 0 .10 Option (A) is correct.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 23 For View Only Shop Online at www. in the plane y .11 SOL 1.in a r af az 1 2 3 =0 a b -6 ^. b =.57 SOL 1.3b h a r + ^3a + 6h af + ^b . i. From the given field vector we have the field components Ey = 2zy sin 2x and Ez = 2y2 sin 2x Now. Dot product of the two orthogonal vectors is always zero. Ey = 8z ^4z h sin 2x = 32z2 sin 2x Ez = 2 ^4z h2 sin 2x = 32z2 sin 2x Thus Ey = E z Option (C) is correct.1. A:B = 0 (4) (1) + (2k) (4) + (k) (.nodia.e. co Option (A) is correct. z = 0 or.8 SOL 1.4) = 0 4 + 8k .4 k =. 9zy2 cos (2x) = 0 This condition met when.12 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1. we must have E x = Ey = E z = 0 2 i.1.1.e. Option (B) is correct. cos 2x = 0 & 2x = p/2 & x = p/4 Therefore the planes on which field component Ex will be zero are and z= 0 y= 0 x = p/4 he lp.50) = 2. For the given condition E = 0 .2ah az = 0 Solving it we have.12 . Since the two points are defined in different coordinate system so we represent the point Q in Cartesian system as x = r cos f = 4 cos (. y =0 or.9 SOL 1. From the given field vector we have the component Ex = 3zy2 cos 2x .4k = 0 4k =. ga te Option (A) is correct.

064 and z =2 So.1.14 Option (C) is correct. .3.24 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www. we get Fr = 10 sin q cos f Fq = 10 cos q cos f and Ff =. the vector field in cylindrical system is A (r. g at e he lp.sin f Az = 0 So. Fz = 0 .78 units SOL 1.57 . the vector field in spherical system is A (r.sin f cos f 0WSAyW SA W S WS W S zW S 0 0 1WSAz W T AX = T cos f) (1) = cos f XT X ( r Af = (. The components of vector field A are Ax = 1.50) =.sin q S fW S cos f 0WSFz W T X T XT X So. f. Ay = 0 and Az = 0 Now. Since the given vector field is F = 10ax The Cartesian components of the field are Fx = 10 . f) = sin q cos far + cos q cos qa q .1) and Q (2. z) = cos fa r .sin f So. We transform the given vector field in spherical system. Again. q.1.in y = r sin f = 4 sin (.sin f) (1) =.sin qWSFyW WS W SF W S . the spherical components of vector field can be determined as VR V R V R SFr W S sin q cos f sin q sin f cos qWSFxW SFqW = Scos q cos f cos q sin f . the options include spherical as well as cylindrical representation of A. we transform the vector components in spherical system as RA V R sin q cos f sin q sin f cos qVRA V WS xW S rW S A qW = Scos q cos f cos q sin f sin qWSAyW S WS W SA W S S fW S sin f cos f 0WSAz W T AX = T sin q cos f) (1) = sin q cos f XT X ( r A q = (cos q cos f) (1) = cos q cos f Af = (.10 sin q GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (A) is correct.3. 3. both the options (A) and (B) are incorrect.nodia.sin faf Hence. so. .sin f) (1) =. the distance between the two points P (2.064 . we transform the vector components in cylindrical system as RA V R cos f sin f 0VRA V WS xW S rW S SAfW = S. So. Fy = 0 .2) 2 + (. co m . we will transform the vector in both the forms to check the result.3) 2 + (2 + 1) 2 = 6. Since.co. 2) is given as PQ = (2.3.sin faf w.57.13 SOL 1.064.

co. ga te cos f = Az = A f = cos-1 c he i.5c z (.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 25 SOL 1. the vector field in spherical coordinate is F = Fr ar + Fq a q + Ff af = 8ar . The given line x = 6 .2.2 is parallel to y -axis.2ay Option (A) is correct. 3 = (.2a q . z =.16 Option (B) is correct. we have Fr = 5 sin (105.5.in Now.17 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia m 3 134 . the angle between surface z = 5 and vector A is (90c .5af 3 = 74.5c) cos (33.f) = 15c. So. Since z -axis is normal to the surface z = 5 . SOL 1. z =.7c 3 x Putting all the values in the matrix transformation. Ay =.7c) =. y = 2 .5 Therefore.98c .5c) cos (33. The given point is shown below : SOL 1. the component of A parallel to the given line is Ay = (A : ay) ay = 6(. so first of all we will find the angle between z -axis and A which can be easily obtained from the figure shown below : co For View Only Shop Online at www.2 Ff =.1) 2 = 14 (3) 2 + (2) 2 x2 + y2 = tan-1 f q = tan-1 p = 105.5. Option (C) is correct.2a r + 20af + 4az ) : ay@ ay = (.2.7c) =.5) + (10) 2 + (3) 2 2 lp.1) y f = tan-1 a k = tan-1 b 2 l = 33.1) we have r = (3) 2 + (2) 2 + (.nodia.7c) = 8 Fq = 10 cos (105.1. f = 90c.1.15 ww w. so.2 sin f + 20 cos f) ay At point P .10 sin (33.1. 75c 134 m Therefore. for the given point (x = 3 .e.

co. (c . y -axis into x and x into z . yl. The position vector can be defined as : R = xax + yay + zaz R = x2 + y2 + z2 R R R So.nodia.1. therefore the new co-ordinates of point P are : xl = z = c yl = x = a zl = y = b i. co m .e. b) is the co-ordinates of point P in the transformed system.in After 120c rotation looking down the axis the new co-ordinate axes (xl. the rotation carries z axis into y . gradR = 2 ax + 2 ay + 2 az 2 x 2 y 2 z 2y 2x 2z a +1 a +1 a =1 2 x2 + y2 + z2 x 2 x2 + y2 + z2 y 2 x2 + y2 + z2 z xa + yay + zaz = x 2 =R 2 2 R x +y +z GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww So. a . w.18 Option (B) is correct. g at e he lp. zl) will be as shown below : SOL 1.26 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www.

in d : A = 2 (y2) + 2 (2xy + x2 + z2) + 2 (4x + 2yz) 2 2 2 x y z = 0 + 2x + 2y = 2 (x + y) SOL 1.r cos f a = 6 @ r 6 @ z @ f r6 r =.co.1.19 Option (D) is correct. Curl of the unit vector a r is ar 2 d # a r = 1 2r r 1 The curl of unit vector af is ar 1 2 d # af = 2r r 0 and curl of unit vector az is ar 1 2 d # az = 2r r 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.x) ax .z sin f . p/2. ga te ra f a z 2 2 f d : D = 2 (yz) + 2 (xz) + 2 (xy) = 0 2 x 2 y 2 z a x ay a z 2 2 2 d # D = 2x 2y 2z yz xz xy = (x .nodia.22 Option (D) is correct. Shop Online at www. 2) d # F =.0 a + 1 3r2 z .cos f) az r 2 r =1 a = az r2 z r r co m Option (A) is correct.21 Option (A) is correct. =0 =0 = 1 . We have the vector field components as Fr = r sin f .20 SOL 1.1 r .1 (2 # 1 + 13) a r + (3 # 1 # 2 .Chap 1 Vector Analysis 27 For View Only SOL 1.r3 a . 2 z cos f + 2 rr2 z E a r .z) az = 0 he 0 2 z 2 At point P (1. d # F = 1 2r 2f 2z r Fr rFf Fz .(y .1.3a r + 6az 0 ra f a z 2 2 f 2 2 z r ^1 h 0 ra f a z 2 f 2 0 2 z 2 1 lp. 2 z cos f .2 r sin fE az r2 r 2 f 1 . 2 rr2 z .0 .y) ay + (z .1. D = yzax + xzay + xyaz SOL 1.2 r sin fE af r2 r 2 f 2 r 2 z z + 1 .1 (z sin f + r3) a r + (3rz . Ff = r2 z and Fz = z cos f a r ra f a z 2 2 2 Now.0) az =.1.

23 Option (A) is correct.xz sin xz . In a cylindrical coordinate system Laplacian of a scalar field is defined as 2f 22 f 22 f 42f = 1 2 e r + 12 + r 2r 2r o r 2f2 2z2 = 1 2 r (2z sin f + 8r) + 12 c.2rz sin f . A vector field is called conservative (irrotational) if its curl is zero. g Option (A) is correct. (B) and (C) are properties of d operator where as : g (d # A) + A # (dg) d #cAm = g g2 SOL 1.6z2 2 sin f cos f m r2 r 2 f r + 2 (2r sin f + 6z cos2 f) 2 z 1 (2z sin f + 16r) .e. For a scalar field to be harmonic.26 Option (B) is correct.6z cos 2f r2 SOL 1.1.1 2 he At point P ^3. co m .28 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www.6 # 36 # (.1) az = 0 2k .1. 6h d2 f = 16 + 0 . Options (A). k =1 2 at e 2 ^1 + 2k h y = 0 which results in k =.cos xz + xz sin xz) + (2k . So the gradient of the field is 4 V = 2V + 2V + 2V 2x 2y 2z and the curl of the gradient of the field is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.in SOL 1.1 = 0 or.co.1. i.nodia.25 ww SOL 1. p/2.1) = 40 9 lp. Consider V is a scalar field.1 (2rz sin f + 6z2 cos 2f) + 6 cos2 f = r r2 2 = 16 + 6 cos2 f .27 Option (D) is correct.1. d#M = 0 ax ay az 2 2 2 =0 x y z 2 2 2 z cos xz + y 2kx x cos xz ax (0 .24 Option (A) is correct.1. d2 g = 0 2 2 2 2g 2g 2g =0 2 + 2 + x 2 y 22 z 2 SOL 1.0) .ay (cos xz .

2V m az = 0 z y y z x z z x x y y x 22 2 2 2 2 22 22 22 So the curl of the gradient of any scalar field is zero everywhere. For vector A to be solenoidal its divergence must be zero.cz) = 0 2 x 2 y 2 z 1+0-c = 0 c =1 m .k1) ay + (k2) az = 0 .k 3 . d:A = 0 2 (x + 4z) + 2 (2x .2V m ax + c 2V . i.3z) + 2 (4x + 3y .7 = 0 So. For a vector function to be irrotational its curl must be zero. i.(4 .k 3 y + 2z) (. an = 1 ^2ax + 4ay + 6az h = 1 ^ax + 2ay + 3az h 56 14 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. he az 2 z 2 Option (B) is correct. The unit vector normal to a given plane f = 0 is df an = df The given equation is 2x + 4y + 6z = 7 2x + 4y + 6z .(.29 ax 2 x 2 ay 2 y 2 SOL 1.7 and gradient of f is df =.5)) ax . =0 co Option (D) is correct. SOL 1.5z) (4x . d#A = 0 a x ay a z 2 2 2 =0 2 x 2 y 2 z A x Ay A z lp.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 29 For View Only Shop Online at www.2V m ay + c 2V . 0 and 5 respectively.28 SOL 1. ga te (4x + k1 z) (k2 x .30 Option (C) is correct.1.2ax + 3ay + 6az df = 22 + 42 + 62 = 56 So.co.1.0 = 0 & k2 = 0 So k1 .(.k1 = 0 & k1 = 4 and k2 .1.k 3 .in R V Sax ay az W 2 2 2 4# (4 V) = S2x 2y 2z W S2 2 2 W V V V S2x 2y 2z W T 2 X2 2 2 2 2 = c 2V . k2 and k 3 are 4.e.nodia.5)= 0 & k 3 = 5 4 . f = 2x + 4y + 6z .e.

32 Option (B) is correct. co # A : dl # ^d # Ah : dS = # 6 # ^d h@ : dS d U m # dl =0 . # A : dS = # ^d : Ahdv *********** he Option (B) is correct. So.nodia. dl = dxax + dyay + dzaz So # dl C = c dx m ax + c dy m ay + c dz m az C C C # # # For a contour the initial and final points are same. Therefore.co. According to stoke’s theorem.33 S Now. So d : A = 2 ^2yz h + 2 ^z2 x h + 2 ^2xy h x y z 2 2 2 = 0+0+0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Consider the differential displacement. g # A : dS =0 at e v i.in SOL 1. Since (curl of the gradient of a scalar field is always zero) d # ^d h = 0 U So the contour integral is zero.e. According to the divergence theorem surface integral of vector over a closed surface is equal to the volume integral of its divergence inside the region defined by closed surface. C So U # ^d h : dl C L = SOL 1.30 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www.1. SOL 1.1.1. lp.31 Option (D) is correct. all the individual integrals described above will be zero.

Consider that the cube has its edges on the x.2 Shop Online at www. For the given points A.nodia. the vector length. the angle formed between the diagonals is q = cos-1 b 1 l = 70. 3h B " ^3. 3h and C " ^3.2. m .2 Option (C) is correct.3az For determining the angle q between them. co Option (D) is correct. C . the vector length. 3. B . ga te he lp. B and C as : A" ^0. As the angle between any of the two body diagonals of the cube will be same so we determine the angle q between the diagonals OB and AC of the cube.2.53c 4 SOL 1.co.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 31 For View Only SOLUTIONS 1. we take their dot product as ^OB h : ^AC h = OB AC cos q 9 + 9 . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in SOL 1. 3.1 From the figure we get the co-ordinates of points A. 0h So.axes respectively as shown in the figure. y and z . 0.9 = ^3 3 h^3 3 h cos q So. OB = 3ax + 3ay + 3az and AC = 3ax + 3ay .

10az aAB = (20) 2 + (18) 2 + (.10 # 8h@ ax .0.32 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only So.627ay .832ay + 0. 350ax .348a .2.4 Option (A) is correct.915ay + 0.620 # 15 .645az co Shop Online at www.10ax + 8ay + 15az Since the cross product of two vectors is always perpendicular to the plane of vectors.co.0.^.379ay + 0.in AB = 20ax + 18ay .406ay + 0.10) 2 = 0. an = ww SOL 1. The unit vector in the direction of vector AC is given by .761az =.0. aP = an # aAC =.10) # (.664ax .200ay + 340az 350ax . i.61ax + 0.76az Since the cross product of two vectors is always perpendicular to the plane of vectors. g at e he SOL 1.0.10az and AC =.200ay + 340az m . So the unit vector perpendicular to the plane of triangle is given by an = AB # AC AB # AC R V S a x ay a z W now.10W S.207ay abis = (0. So.(.200ay + 340az 350ax .10 # 18h@ az = 350ax .41ay + 0. AB # AC = S 20 18 .207az So the unit vector in the direction of bisector of interior angle at A is given by 0.516) 2 + (0.697a + 0.367az GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.3 Option (D) is correct.095ax + 0.516ay + 0.507ax + 0.077az lp.0.200ay + 340az = (350) 2 + (.^.516ay + 0. Unit vector in the direction of AB is given by 10ax + 18ay .550ax .761a AC x y z x y z@ 2 AB 26 = 0.168ax + 0.207) 2 = 0.10)@ ay +620 # 8 .0.697ax + 0.nodia.0.095ax + 0.095) 2 + (0.406a + 0.10 S W 8 15W T X = 618 # 15 . the unit vector in the plane of the triangle which is perpendicular to AC is given by cross product of the unit vector perpendicular to the plane of the triangle and the unit vector aAC .2.348az A non unit vector in the direction of bisector of interior angle at A is defined as 1 (a + a ) = 1 0.507a + 0.e.627a .0.200) 2 + (340) 2 = 0.10ax + 8ay + 15az aAC = AC = AC (.10) 2 + (8) 2 + (15) 2 =.

z) = x x2 + y2 x +y x + y2 r cos f r sin f ( x = r cos f.5a r 2 So the vector field he Option (B) is correct.nodia.7 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. f.sin f) + sin f cos f@ = 0 r Fz = 0 lp.37az SOL 1.1) F = 1 a r = 0.sin f cos f 0WSFyW SF W S WS W S zW S 0 0 1WSFz W XT X T X T 1 cos2 f + sin2 f = 1 Fr = 6 @ r r Ff = 1 6cos f (. An = rar = 20ar and therefore.in = 0. The vector field F can be written in cartesian system as xa + yay y = 2 x 2 ax + 2 ay F (x.92ay + 0.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 33 For View Only SOL 1.2 sin q cos fa q + r af r 4 = 0. Any vector field can be represented as the sum of its normal and tangential component to any surface as A = At + A n where At is tangential component and An is normal component to the surface r = 20 at point P (20. Any vector field can be represented as the sum of its normal and tangential components to any surface as A = At + A n Here At and An are the tangential and normal components to the conical surface SOL 1. ga te F (r. co m . 330c).043a q + 100af Option (A) is correct. f = p/4 .co.2. So.2. y. 150c.A n 4 =. y = r sin f ) ax + ay F (x.17ax + 0. z) = 1 a r r At the point P (r = 2 .5 Shop Online at www. y.6 Option (D) is correct. At = A . Fy = 1 sin f and Fz = 0 r r So the components of vector field F in cylindrical system can be expressed as RF V R cos f sin f 0VRF V WS xW S rW S SFfW = S.2. z) = r2 r2 = 1 (cos fax + sin fay) r The components of vector field F are Fx = 1 cos f . z = 0.

from equation (i) and (ii) we have b r2 b1 + 16 l = 1 9 br = 3 . R = (x . 16y .a) ax + (y .c) az he lp.b) 2 + (z .in Since the unit vector normal to the conical surface is a q ...4y + 36 = 0 and.56 = 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww d b 1 l = 2 6(x . So at the top of hill 4h = 0 or.b) 2 + (z .b) 2 + (z .10 Option (C) is correct.c) 2@.4x . A:b = 0 .1/2 az 2 z 1 R -3/2 (x .a) a ..b) ay + (z . The gradient of a scalar field at its maxima is zero. b f = 4 5 5 Therefore.a) ax + (y .(i) So.R3 R R3/2 w.a) 2 + (y .co. So.1 R -3/2 (z . (12x . So. b = 1 (3ar + 4af) 5 Option (D) is correct..c) 2 SOL 1. Consider the unit vector perpendicular to A and tangent to the cone q = 150c is b = br ar + bf af (Tangential component to the cone will have b q = 0 ) Now the magnitude of unit vector is 1 2 .1 R -3/2 (y . co m .56) ay = 0 Therefore both the components will be equal to zero i.b) ay + (z .c) az ==. g at e SOL 1. 12x .^ h x y z 2 2^ h 2^ h (x .2.8 and So.34 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www.4y + 36) ax + (16y .nodia.a) 2 + (y .a) 2 + (y .6br + 9bf = 0 .a) 2 + (y .e.c) 2@-1/2 ax R 2 x + 2 6(x .c) 2@.(ii) b f = 3 br 4 So. An =.12ar + 9af SOL 1.2.4x . b r2 + b f = 1 and the dot product of mutually perpendicular vectors is zero.1/2 ay 2 y + 2 6(x .b) a .9 Option (B) is correct.2.c) a =.b) 2 + (z .8a q and therefore the tangential component to the cone is At = A . The separation vector R can be defined as : R = (x ..An =.

SOL 1. 0) " (2. z = 0 ) the position vector R = 0 and so the expression for field F blows up. y = 0 . 2. z = 0 3 2 2 (dl = dxax ) So. # # # 3 # # # A : dl 2 = # 6yz dy = 0 0 2 he m A : dl lp. 0. Option (C) is correct.2 2 2 2 5/2 + 2 2 (x + y + z ) (x + y + z ) (x + y + z2) 3/2 y (2y) z (2z) 1 -3 2 + -3 2 (x + y2 + z2) 5/2 (x2 + y2 + z2) 3/2 2 (x2 + y2 + z2) 5/2 G (x2 + y2 + z2) = 10 > 33 .11 SOL 1. 2. 2. 2) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . The circulation of A around the route is given by where the route is broken into segments numbered 1 to 3 as described below 1st segment : (0.12 Option (D) is correct. d : F is infinite at origin and zero else where. ww w. 0) x changes from 0 to 2. Therefore.2 miles north) and 3 miles east of the railway station. ga te # A : dl =c + + 1 2 x (2x) 1 3 1 = 10 = 2 2 2 3/2 . Consider the position vector of point P is R = x 4 2ax + 5yay + zaz So. y changes from 0 to 2. 0) x = 2 . y = 3 Thus the top of the hill is located at 2 miles south (.3 2 H R (x + y2 + z2) 5/2 = 10 : 33 . 0) " (2.2 . 0. A : dl = 3x2 dx = 3 b x l = 8 3 0 1 0 2nd segment : (2. the vector field F at point P is xax + yay + zaz xa + yay + zaz F = 10 aR = 10 e x 2 2 2 o = 10 = ^x2 + y2 + z2h3/2 G R R x + y2 + z2 The divergence of the field F is given as y x z +2 2 +2 d : F = 10 > 2 2 2 2 3/2 2 2 ^x + y + z h 2 ^x + y + z2h3/2 2 ^x2 + y2 + z2h3/2 H x y z co m (dl = dyay ) 3rd segment : (2.in Solving the two equations.33 D = 0 R R But at origin (x = 0 . 0) " (2.nodia.2. y = 0 .co.2. the magnitude of R is R = x2 + y2 + z2 and unit vector in the direction of R is xa + yay + zaz aR = x 2 x + y2 + z2 Therefore. 0. we get. x =.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 35 For View Only Shop Online at www. z = 0 .

2.2. z = 2 .in 2 0 # A : dl 3 = # 2 0 3y2 dz = (3 # 4) z = 24 (dl = dzaz ) So total line integral will be : # A : dl SOL 1.13 = 8 + 0 + 24 = 32 uints 2 SOL 1. 2 2 3 2 # A : dl # 3x dx + # 6yzdy + # 3z dz = # 3x dx + # 6x dx + # 3x dx = 2 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia co and Option (A) is correct. the line integral in forward path = 32 units the line integral in return path = .2. y = 2 . For the straight line from origin to the point (2.15 Option (A) is correct. z changes from 0 to 2. So.32 units.14 SOL 1.nodia. 2.32 = 0 units =c + + where the route is broken into segments numbered 1 to 3 as shown in figure below : 1st segment : ( f = 30c. The circulation of A around the path L can be given as # A : dl w. the line integral of the vector field along the straight line is given as m dl = dra r .36 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only x = 2 . 0 # r # 5 ) ww at e # # # 3 Option (C) is correct. dx = dy = dz and the line integral along straight line is given as dl = dxax + dyay + dzaz Therefore. g 1 2 # A : dl = 32 . For the closed path defined. total integral in the closed path is : he m A : dl = b12 x l = (4x3) 2 0 3 0 = 3 # 8 = 24 uints = 12 # x dx 2 lp. 2) we have the relation between the coordinates as x = y = 2z or. Shop Online at www.co.

z) (.z) y .1 .y .y .az direction) and the curved surfaces(in a r direction) as shown in the figure. # A : dl # A : dl 3 = # 0 df = 0 and dl = dra r ( f = 180c) 3rd segment : ( f = 180c. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he 0 # dx (. ga te 2 # (. 5 # r # 0 ) = # r sin fdr = 0 5 0 Total SOL 1.z) = 2 2 2 = 1 + z3 + z 2 2 Now there is only one remaining variable z that ranges from .1 . the circulation of vector field along the edge L is A : dl = 25 + 0 + 0 = 25 units 4 4 # . z = 2 .(.in r ( f = 30c) So. So we have the volume integral of the function as 2 0 V = 30z2 b 1 + z + z l dz 2 2 -1 3 4 5 0 = 30 :z + z + z D 6 4 10 -1 1-1+ 1 = 30 :0 + 6 4 10 D = 30 # 1 = 3 20 2 SOL 1.1 .2. 30c # f # 180c) and dl = dfaf # 2 # 5 # 5 So. dr = 25 A : dl = r sin fdr = 2 4 1 0 0 2 nd segment : ( r = 5 .z) The surface of the tetrahedron will have a slope x + y + z =.1 . 2 (.z) dy = .1 .z).nodia.co. bottom(in . So y -integral will be : 0 ww w.17 Option (D) is correct.16 V = ### f dxdydz = ### 30z dxdydz 2 0 again for a given value of z .z) 2 = (.z # lp. Volume integral of the function is given by m Therefore.y .1 .1 .z) and x integral will be co Option (D) is correct.1 . for a given value of y and z . x varies from 0 to (.z) 2 (.1 to 0. The net outward flux through the closed cylindrical surface will be summation of the fluxes through the top(in az direction).y2 E (.1 .z) =. z = 2 .1 So.y .2.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 37 For View Only Shop Online at www.1 . y ranges from 0 to (.1 .

co. # dz E 4 0 0 = 2 # p # 2 = 4p # (d : A) dv = ### (16) rdrdfdz rdr = 80p GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he r # A : dS = # # ^A h^rdfdz h 2 2p # df # dz 0 0 p/2 lp. Therefore.2.nodia. g # = = 16 SOL 1.in z=0 f=0 2 2p = At r = 2 . # # z=0 r2 cos2 f c m^rdfdz h 4 f=0 # A : dS = = 8 + 4 sin2 f + 2 cos2 f .e. the total outward flux through the closed cylindrical surface will be only due to the field component in a r direction(flux through the curved surfaces) which is given as co = 16 # 2 # p # 5 2 m .2 sin2 f + 6 = 16 So the surface integral is ww i. # cos fdfE.38 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www. 5 Since. the outward flux through the top and bottom surfaces will be zero. According to divergence theorem surface integral of a vector field over a closed surface is equal to the volume integral of its divergence inside the closed region: at e # 2 0 2 ^2 h3 2p 2 . A : dS = (d : A) dv Divergence of vector A is d : A = 1 2 ^rA rh + 1 2 Af + 2 Az r2 r2 r f 2 z = 1 2 (r (4r + 2r sin2 f)) + 1 2 ^r sin 2fh + 2 (6z) r2 r2 r f 2 z 2 = 8 + 4 sin f + 2 cos (2f) + 6 # # A : dS w. the vector field has no z -component so.18 Option (A) is correct.

2.20 = 6 b 1 .az ) So the line integral of the given vector field is G : dl = ]d # Gg dS =. ga te 4 2 = 6 :x D + 6 :2x . SOL 1.in Note : The surface integral can also be evaluated directly without using divergence theorem but it will be much complicated as there are 5 different surfaces over which we will have to integrate the given vector field.sin fh^cos q cos fh + r ^cos f + sin fh cos q sin f GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.x) dx 2 # co m Option (C) is correct. r sin q = x2 + y2 x = r sin q cos f . According to stoke’s theorem.16 l . i.sin q S fW S cos f 0WSFz W T X T XT X Fr = r ^cos f . line integral of a vector function along a closed path is equal to the surface integral of its curl over the surface defined by the closed path.2.sin qWSFyW WS W SF W S .1 lE = 7 units 3 3 4 4 4 Option (D) is correct. The relationship between cartesian and spherical co-ordinates is : r = x2 + y2 + z2 .sin fh^sin q cos fh + r ^sin q sin fh^cos f + sin fh = r sin q Fq = r ^cos f .nodia.x D 3 4 0 4 1 3 4 1 he 2 1 1 lp.19 L L 1 x 2 0 0 2 0 SOL 1.sin f) ax + (cos f + sin f) ay@ Now we transform the vector field from cartesian system to spherical system : VR V R V R SFr W S sin q cos f sin q sin f cos qWSFxW SFqW = Scos q cos f cos q sin f .Chap 1 Vector Analysis 39 For View Only Shop Online at www.co.6x2 az and the differential surface vector dS = dxdy (. y = r sin q sin f We put these values in the given expression of vector field as x 2 + 4y 2 + 4 z 2 x y y x F = 9 2 ax + 2 ay .b 16 .sin f) a + (cos f + sin f) a x y@ r sin q 2 6 = r 6(cos f .0 l + 6 . G : dl = ]d # Gg dS # # .b 2 .6x2 dxdy # ## = 6 # # x dydx + 6 # # x dydx = 6 # x xdx + 6 # x (2 ..2 ax + 2 ayC 2 2 x +y = 2r r sin q (cos f . 2 2-x 1 0 2 Curl of the vector field is d # G =.e.

again for a vector to be solenoidal its divergence must be zero.3z)E ax + : 2 (x + z) .3y .2 (.21 2 SOL 1. 2 (x .sin fh^.2 (x + z)E az 2 2 x y = (. q = 30c So. co =8 # df # sin qdq = 4p.nodia.2.3 SOL 1.p 3 30c 2 0 2p r3 sin2 qdqdf m 3 2 E # F : dS # # 2p 30c (at r = 2 ) .40 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www. vector A is solenoidal Thus the vector A is both irrotational and solenoidal.2.23 Option (A) is correct.z) . For a vector function to be irrotational its curl must be zero.1) ay + (0 . The vector function in spherical form as calculated in previous question is : F = r sin qar + r2 cos qa q + raf The differential surface vector over the surface S2 is dS = r sin qdfdra q and the surface S2 is defined in the region 0 # r # 2 .0) az = 0 So.3z) + 2 (x . F = r sin qar + r cos qa q + raf The differential surface vector over the surface S1 is dS = r2 sin qdqdfar and the surface S1 is defined in the region r = 2 . surface integral through out the surface S1 will be : S1 = 0 0 0 = 2.3y . 0 < f < 2p So.in = r cos q Ff = r ^cos f .3 + 3) ax + (1 .e. 0 < q < 30c.2.276 = 2.sin fh + r ^cos f + sin fh cos f =r i.22 Option (C) is correct.4 f)=-= 4# (4 f)= 0 SOL 1. 2 (. We have GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. we can have directly the result 4# A = 4# (. Note: Since the curl of the gradient of a scalar field is zero. g at e Option (B) is correct. So.2 (x . the surface integral of the field over the surface S2 is : 2p 2 F : dS = r2 sin q cos qdfdr = 4p 3 3 S 0 0 # # # he lp.3z) .3y . So we take the divergence of the vector A as d : A = 2 (x + z) + 2 (.z) 2 x 2 y 2 z = 1+0-1 = 0 So. Now we check it for vector A.z)D ay 2 2 2 2 y z z x +. 0 # f # 2p.co. d # A = . vector A is irrotational.

we put x = 2y2 and dx = 4ydy in the line integral 2 2 2 A : dl = 12y2 dy + 6y2 dy = 18 6y3@1 3 1 1 = 6 # 5 = 30 units # # lp.2. y) 2 2 z In conclusion. A = 3 (yax + xay) The differential line vector in the cartesian coordinate system is dl = dxax + dyay + dzaz m .2p r3 0 0 Option (D) is correct. z) 2 y 2 2f =.in 2f 2f 2f a a A =.25 Option (B) is correct.x .xz + 3yz + z + f 3 (x.co.2. # So.26 1 + cos 2f 2 cos2 f ar = ar 3 r r3 and the differential surface vector over the outer spherical surface is (for r = 2 .ax 2 2 y 2 z x y z Comparing it with the given vector we get : 2 2f =.x .df =. Given the vector field. he The given curve is. from all the three results.(x + z) & f =.2.xz + f1 (y. ga te # # # SOL 1.(x .nodia.24 SOL 1.0 # f # 2p) dS = (r2 sin qdqdf) ar So the surface integral over the outer spherical surface is 2p p 2 cos 2 f 2 F : dS = c m^r sin qdqdfh =. we get 2 2 f =.0 # i # r.3y . # A : dl = # 3ydx + # 3xdy co Shop Online at www. z) 2 2 x 2f = 3z & f = 3yz + f2 (x.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 41 For View Only SOL 1.xz + 3yz + z 2 2 Option (D) is correct. Given the vector field F = GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Consider that the vector A is in ax direction as shown in the figure.z) & f =. y = x/2 So.

22h2 + ^12h2 = 12. So the given direction GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.nodia.2.43 units and angle that R makes with x -axis is q = cos-1 b 3. So B # C has the direction in which thumb indicates when the curl of the finger directs from B to C .27 Option (A) is correct. B and C . g SOL 1. R = 6A .43 = 75c So the graphical representation of vector R is m .8B = 3.22 l 12. Thus B # C will be directed out of the paper and so we get direction of A # ^B # C h toward east.22ax + 6ay So. We go through all the options to check the direction of the vector R for the corresponding directions of A.ay h = 3 3 a x . Option (A) at e he lp. R = ^3.3 ay ^B = 3h 2 2 Now the resultant vector.co.in So we can write the vectors in cartesian form as ^A = 4h A = 4ax and B = B cos 30cax + B sin 30c ^. co For View Only Shop Online at www.42 Vector Analysis Chap 1 Since the direction of cross product is normal to the plane of vectors and determined by right hand rule.

co. co m .28 Option (A) is correct. R = A # ^B # C h will be directed toward west. ga te In Option (D) : Direction of ^B # C h is into the paper so.sin fB T =X cos f . In Option (C): Direction of ^B # C h is into the paper so. SOL 1. Shop Online at www. R = A # ^B # C h will be directed toward south.nodia.in In Option (B) : Direction of ^B # C h is out of the paper so. As the vectors B and C are defined in cylindrical system.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 43 For View Only of R is incorrect. B f = 1. So the given direction is correct. B z = 3 So the cartesian components of vector B is R V R VR V SBxW Scos f . R = A # ^B # C h will be directed toward north. we transform the vector in cartesian form as below Given the vector field B = a r + a f + 3a z the cylindrical components B r = 1. So.sin f X cos r ^B r = Bf = 1h x f By = sin fB r + cos fBf = sin f + cos f ^B r = Bf = 1h Bz = Bz = 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. he lp.sin f 0WSB rW SByW = Ssin f cos f 0WSBfW S W S WS W SBz W S 0 0 1WSBz W T BX = T fB .2.

sin fh ax + ^sin f + cos fh ay + 3az So at the point a2.2.5x2 yz2 V 2 x SOL 1. g at e 2 cos b 3p l ax + 2 sin b 3p l ay + 3az 4 4 =.in and so the vector field in cartesian system is B = ^cos f .nodia. z h = 1.5x2 yz2 ax + 0. he lp. y.co.29 Option (D) is correct. Now we have A + B = 4ax + 4ay + 4az So we take the dot product of (A + B) with the all given options to determine the perpendicular vector. Cr = 2 Cx = 2 cos f Cy = 2 sin f and Cz = Cz = 3 C = 2 cos fax + 2 sin fay + 3az co m . 3k 2 B =. For View Only Shop Online at www.ax + ay + 3az now we transform the vector field C = 2 a r + 3az in cartesian system. the cylindrical components.44 Vector Analysis Chap 1 So. ^. C r = 2 . In option (A).we have the components as. at the point b 3. Cf = 0 . 9 l 4 C = SOL 1.30 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Cz = 3 So the cartesian components of vector C is R V R VR V SCxW Scos f .16 + 16 = 0 In Option (B) ^4ay + 4az h $ ^4ax + 4ay + 4az h = 16 + 16 = 32 ! 0 In Option (C) ^ax + az h $ ^4ax + 4ay + 4az h = 4 + 4 = 8 ! 0 Option (C) is correct. p .5x3 z2 ay + x3 yzaz V So.4ax + 4ay h : ^4ax + 4ay + 4az h =. The given gradient is d ^x. For checking whether a vector is perpendicular to a given vector or not we take their dot product as the dot product of the two mutually perpendicular vectors is always zero.2.sin f 0WSC rW SCyW = Ssin f cos f 0WSCfW S W S WS W SCz W S 0 0 1WSCz W T X T XT X So. 3p .ax + 2ay + 3az So all the three vectors are same at their respective points. 2 = 1.

1 gradient of function.5x3 yz2 + f2 ^x. function.5x3 z2 V 2 y V = 0.1 l az 8 This vector will be perpendicular to df . cos fdfE co # p/2 0 m V = 1. V = 0. we have the integral ww w.2 + 1 ^y . So. 0 ^r sin q cos fh^r2 sin qdrdqdfh sin2 qdqE.2. As the integral is to be determined in spherical volume so. So the tangential vector to the given surface at the point ^2.5x3 yz2 . ga te # 2xdv = 2 # # # v 1 p/2 p/2 Option (B) is correct.1 = 0 So.2.in SOL 1.sin 2q D 6sin f@0 /2 4 0 2 4 0 = 2 # 1 #apk = 2 # p = p 8 4 4 4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp. 1 h is 8 df = 1 ax + 1 ay + 8az 2 4 Now consider ^x.4h ay + bz . r=0 q=0 1 3 he f=0 p/2 # 0 r dr E.1 = 0 b h 4 2^ 8l 2x + 4y + 32z = 24 = 2. df = yzax + xzay + xyaz Since gradient of the function of a plane is directed normal to the plane so the normal vector to the plane at the point ^2.31 SOL 1. z h 2 Thus by comparing all the results we get. z h 3 2 = 0. 4. 4. f = xyz . y. z h 2 = x3 yz V 2 z x3 yz2 V = + f 3 ^y. we transform the function in spherical system as. 2x = 2r sin q cos f and so.5x3 yz2 + f1 ^y.nodia.5 x yz2 + f1 ^y.4h + 8 z . Consider the given plane xyz = 1 xyz . z h = 0.5x3 yz2 + f 3 ^y.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 45 For View Only 3 Shop Online at www. (dot product of perpendicular vector) ^T h : ^df h = 0 1 x . z h = 0.32 Option (A) is correct. 1 h is 8 T = ^x .co.2h ax + ^y .r E :q . # 4 1 p/2 p = 2 . z h lies in the given surface xyz = 1.

the ratio of the contour integral is # A : dl # A : dl C1 C2 = 18p =. Let us consider a contour abcd as shown in the figure.9 ^. = 4 = 2 unit 2 0 < f # p/2 at r = 2 0 # r # 2 . Contour integral of the field vector is evaluated in 3 segments as shown below In Segment (1) So. at f = p/2 # A : dl 3 =- # 1 2 So the contour integral is # A : dl C =. 1 dl = dra r = 2 r=0 co 2 2 0 m 0 < r # 2 at f = 0 # A : dl # # r cos fdr = ^cos 0h.2.35 Option (A) is correct.in SOL 1. A : dl = ^rdfh = 2 6f@0 = p 1 f=0 2 In segment 3 dl =. lp.co. g Option (A) is correct.r E 2 # he 3 dl = rdfaf p/2 r p/2 So. For the given contour C1 dl = rdfaf So.nodia. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .2p 2p f=0 Therefore. + + 2 SOL 1.rdfaf So.33 Option (B) is correct.2ph SOL 1. at e r=0 ^r cos p/2h^drh = 0 # # # E6A : dl@ = ^2 + ph units 0 # f # 2p at r = 3 # A : dl C1 = # r^rdfh = 9 # 2p = 18p 2p f=0 ww and for the contour C2 dl =.34 w.dra r In segment (2) So.2. 0 # f # 2p at r = 1 # A : dl C2 =- # r^rdfh =.2.46 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Shop Online at www.

r = 1 and 0 # q # p 2 dl =. ga te # # For bc segment. ^Ah : ^rdqafh ! 0 therefore we have taken the contour integral in the form of limits.37 Option (C) is correct.d h 2 2 As for the given contour C .e-1 + e.2. d tends to zero So.in SOL 1.d h = p ^1 .Chap 1 Vector Analysis 47 For View Only Shop Online at www.rdqa q and for da segment r = d . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. and 0 # q # p/2 dl = rdqa q p/2 p/2 e-r e-r So. A : dl =b r l^rdqh + b r l^rdqh abcd q=0 q=0 -1 p -d =-^e ha k + ^e h^p/2h = p ^. abcd ab bc cd da he # # lp.e-1 + e. # co # A : dl =c # +#+# +# m A : dl m As vector A has only a q component so its integral will not exist along segments ab and cd and so the contour integral for abcd is .co. A : dl = lim A : dl = lim p ^.2.e-1h 2 d " 0 abcd d"0 2 C Note : Most of the students do a mistake here by directly integrating the given vector along given contour C but as the vector A includes exponential which is not zero at origin and so at r = 0 .36 SOL 1.nodia. A vector can be expressed as the gradient of a scalar if it’s curl is zero. The divergence of unit vector ar is d : ar = 12 2 r2 ^1 h = 12 ^2r h = 2 r r r2 r the divergence of unit vector a q is d : a q = 1 2 ^sin fh = cos q = cot q r r sin q 2 r sin q q and the divergence of unit vector af is d : a f = 1 2 ^1 h = 0 r sin q 2 f Option (A) is correct. Now we go through the options.

co. co So..(1) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .e.4 ^ h r r 4 sin q So all the vectors can be expressed as curl of another vector. Divergence = 2 & 1 _x2 . he Option (A) is correct.48 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only Option (A). . 0 r^ h 0 ar 2 2 r !0 az 2 z 2 ra f 2 r m 2 r2 Option (C).39 Option (B) is correct. field will be directed towards .e. For checking it we go through all the options.. above x -axis field will be directed towards + ax direction and will increase as we go far from the x -axis. 4# A = 0 a x ay a z 2 2 2 2 x 2 y 2 z = 0 A x Ay 0 ww w.2.2.in a x ay a z 2 2 2 Curl of the vector = 2x 2y 2z = 0 2yz 2xz 2xy Curl of the vector = 1 r Curl of the vector = 1 r a r ra f a z 2 2 r 2 2 f e.2. below x -axis. at e 2 In Option (C). Given the divergence of the vector field is zero i.e. g SOL 1. Divergence = 1 2 c e m = 0 r2 r f lp.e.y2i0 .ax direction and it’s intensity will increases as we go away from the x -axis.r r 2 2 z Option (B).40 Option (A) is correct. for y > 0 i.2 ^xy h + 2 ^2 h 2 2 2 2 x y z = x-x = 0 -r In Option (B). In Option (A). 4: A = 0 A 2 x +2 y = 0 A 2 2 x y A 2 x =-2 y A 2 2 y x and the curl of the vector field is zero. since y -increases. Shop Online at www. i. Any vector for which divergence is zero can be expressed as the curl of another vector. Divergence = 12 2 br2 2 cos q l + 1 2 c sin3 q m r sin q 2 r q r r2 r3 1 2 cos q + 1 2 sin q cos q = 0 =. For y < 0 i. cos f sin f 2 2 f =0 0 SOL 1. it can be expressed as gradient of a scalar.nodia.38 SOL 1.

ga te y =z=0 dl =.dx h = :.x D =.41 Option (B) is correct.dxax . The line integral (circulation) of force F around the closed path can be divided in four sections as shown below.y ax + 2 x ax + e y .nodia. 2 2 2 Ay 2 A x =0 2 x y 22 x 2 2 2 Ay A 2 2 x =0 2 2y b 2 l x 2 x 2 2 Ay A 2 -2 y = 0 (from equation (i)) e 2 o 2 2y y 2 x 2 2 2 Ay 2 Ay =0 + 22 22 x y d2Ay = 0 Again differentiating equation (ii) with respect to y we get 2 2 2 Ay 2 A x =0 x y 22 22 y 2 A 2 2 y . So.A =0 2 2 x y (Since A is only the variable of x and y .in SOL 1.2 x o az = 0 z z x y 2 2 2 2 2 y 2 x A .2 Ax = 0 (from equation (i)) x 2x b 2 l 2 2 y 2 2 2 Ax + 2 Ax = 0 x y 22 22 he lp. co 3 1 m 0<x<1 x2 ^.2. ww w. Differentiating equation (ii) with respect to x we get..2 x . = A A 2 2 A A .1 3 0 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia # F : dl 1 # 1 0 ..co. So the differentiation with respect to z will be zero).. For segment 1 we have.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 49 For View Only Shop Online at www.(2) .2 Ax = 0 e2 o y 2x y 22 2 A 2 .

# F : dl 3 = # 1 0 x2 dx + # 1 0 So. # F : dl 4 = # ^. g at e he 1 2 3 # F : dl =c # + #+ #+ # 4 lp.43 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.y2h^.1 =.2. x =z=0 dl = dyay .2.xz h^.1 2y 2 2 2 n/22 +^x + y + z h + y9 ^ h C^ h 2 2 y z +^x2 + y2 + z2hn/22 + z 9n ^x2 + y2 + z2hn/2 . vector position of P ^x. E + :z D = 1 + 1 = 5 2 0 3 0 2 3 6 So.2 + 5 =. the net circulation of force F around the closed path is co 1 0 3 1 = :x D . 3 1 y2 1 = . So. x = 1 dl =. Given.co.in 0<y<1 # F : dl 2 # ^.2 0 3 0 3 3 For segment 4 we have. y. R = x2 + y2 + z2 or Rn = ^x2 + y2 + z2hn/2 Rn R = ^x2 + y2 + z2hn/2 6xax + yay + zaz@ Now we take the divergence of the vector as d : ^Rn Rh = 2 x ^x2 + y2 + z2hn/2 + 2 y ^x2 + y2 + z2hn/2 + 2 z ^x2 + y2 + z2hn/2 x y z 2 2 2 n/22 x + x n x2 + y2 + z2 n/2 .1C^2z h 2 2 z = 3Rn + n Rn . So.1 2x = ^x2 + y2 + z2h h 92 ^ C^ h 2 x y n x2 + y2 + z2 n/2 .6z @1 = 1 .nodia.xz h^dy h = 0 0 < x < 1. 0 < z < 1 2 ^.dz h .y h dz For segment (3) we have x = z . The line integral (Circulation) of vector field A around the closed path can be divided into four segments as shown in figure below : SOL 1.dzaz m F : dl m ^.dy h + # 1 0 =.1 + 0 . y = 1 dl = dxax + dzaz . y = z .42 Option (C) is correct.50 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only For segment 2 we have. z h R = xax + yay + zaz So.dyay .1 3 3 6 9 SOL 1. = 1 0 Shop Online at www.2 ^2x2 + 2y2 + 2z2h 2 n = 3R + nRn = ^n + 3h Rn Option (B) is correct.

So. z = 0 dl = rdf ^.nodia. r = 1.rdfh =-6f@0 =. For segment 3 f = p. z = 0 dl = rdfaf = 1<r<2 1 For segment 2 So.p =c + + + 1 2 3 # # # # 4 *********** he m A : dl = 0 + 8p + 0 + p = 9p .1 ^f = ph 0<f<p For segment 4. z = 0 -2 < r < .drh -2 =0 -1 lp.co. ga te 4 0 # A : dl # A : dl # p p r2 ^.in For segment 1. So. = r = 2.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 51 For View Only Shop Online at www. f = 0. # A : dl 3 = ^r sin fh^. the net circulation of the vector is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.afh = Therefore. co p 0 m # A : dl # A : dl 2 # ^r sin fhdr = 0 # # p 2 ^f = 0h 0<f<p 0 r ^rdfh = 8 6f@ = 8p ^r = 2h So. z = 0 dl = dra r .

4 . the line integral of the vector A along the closed square loop is given as # A : dl = # (xyax + x 2 ay) : (dxax + dyay) = # (xydx + x 2 dy) = lp. The transformation of unit vector af in Cartesian coordinate system gives the result. at point A. g SC .. A = xyax + x 2 ay Differential displacement along any path in the x -y plane is defined as (since.1 .1] + 1 [1 .(1) V = d#A According to Stoke’s theorem the line integral of a vector along a closed loop is equal to the surface integral of the curl of the vector for the loop.(2) i.4 E + 4 [3 .3.in co # 1 3 m (Given. Divergence of A in spherical coordinates is given as d A = 12 2 (r 2 Ar ) = 12 2 (krn + 2) : r 2r r 2r k (n + 2) rn + 1 = 2 r = k (n + 2) rn .3 #/ 1 2/ 3 3 xdx + 4 dy + 3 #3 1 1 dy 3 SOL 1.. dz = 0 ) dl = dxax + dyay So.3 Shop Online at www. Given. n =.1 = 0 So. .co..3. the vector. f = 90c GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.1 C at e C he #2/ 1/ 3 3 SOL 1. Given.e..3 ww C C = 1 .1 E + 3 . .52 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only SOLUTIONS 1. # A : dl = ## ^d # Ah : dS SC where C is a closed path (contour) and SC is the surface area of the loop. 3xdx + Option (D) is correct.3.2 Option (B) is correct. n+3 = 0 or.sin fh ax + ^cos fh ay where f is angle formed with x -axis.nodia. d A = 0 ) : C SOL 1. af = ^.4 Option (A) is correct. From equation (1) and (2) we get # A : dl = ## V : dS SOL 1.3.3] = 1 2 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 Option (C) is correct.

(1) . So. Given.3. the field V satisfies Laplace’s equation. we get pz 2 2 ^sinh x cos kye h^1 . the solution of a Laplaces equation is V = sinh x cos kye pz i.k + p h = 0 1 .ax a"3 = 90c + 45c = 135c b"5 =. j dx dx j Option (B) is correct. at point B .1 ax . ga te he lp.1 ay 2 2 =.7 Option (C) is correct.k2 sinh x cos kye pz 22 y 2 2V = p2 sinh x cos kye pz 22 z Putting all the values in equation (1). we have d2V = 0 2 2 2 2V + 2V + 2V = 0 or. 2 2 2 2 22 x y z 2 2V = sinh x cos kye pz Now.45c c"4 d"2 a f = 1 a x + 1 ay 2 2 f = 0c af = az SOL 1.6 SOL 1.3. SOL 1. electric field intensity at point P is E = 10ax + 10ay + 10az So.k2 + p2 = 0 k2 = 1 + 2p2 Note : d sinh x = d sin jx = j cos jx = cos jx and similarly the 2 nd derivative. the angle formed between the field E and with x -axis ^ax h is a = cos-1 e E : ax o = cos-1 c 10 m = cos-1 c 1 m E ax 10 3 3 Similarly.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 53 For View Only So.in =.nodia.3. So. The angle between two vector fields A and B is defined as a = cos-1 b A : B l AB Given. So. we get b = g = cos-1 c 1 m 4 Option (B) is correct.co. at point D . 22 x 2 2V =.5 af f af f Shop Online at www. at point C . Laplace equation is defined as co m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.e. So.

it doesn’t satisfy Laplace’s equation. Laplace equation is defined as d2V = 0 So. BC and CD respectively..e.3. A = 3x2 yzax + x3 zay + (x3 y .e. Given. Laplacian of a scalar field V in cylindrical coordinates is given by 2 2 V d2V = 1 2 c r2 m + 122V + 2V 2 r2 2 r r z r2 f 22 Since.11 Option ( ) is correct.p/2 dV = 0 Now.1 2 b 10 l = 10 r2 r2 r r r r2 r2 Rdfaf . The given curve is divided in three segments AB .e.10 m n + 0 =.co. + # lp.3. we get 2 2 1 2 r2 + 1 2V + 2V = 0 V c 2 m r2 e 2 2 o 2 2 r2 r r f z w. the divergence of vector A is d : A = 6xyz . we consider the option (C) The scalar field is V = 10 r So. CD Option (A) is correct.3. the Laplacian of the field V is given as 2 2 V d2V = 1 2 br2 l + 122V + 2V 2 r2 2 r r f 22 r 2 z = 1 2 dr c. So.10 SOL 1. the total integral is given as ww Option (D) is correct. it is neither divergence less and nor solenoidal Now.nodia.9 Option (D) is correct. we determine the curl of vector as d#A = 0 Since.2z) az So.in SOL 1. m # -p . g # dl c =c = at e # 0 # AB p/2 + he # BC SOL 1.ay h + i. d2V ! 0 So. the curl of the vector is zero so. it is irrotational (i.2! 0 Therefore.8 SOL 1. m dl Rdfaf + # -R R GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia co dl ^.3. the vector field. The Laplacian of a scalar function is divergence of gradient of V .54 Vector Analysis Chap 1 For View Only 2 Shop Online at www. Laplacian of a scalar function is given as V d2V = d : ^d h = div ^gradV h i. not rotational).

For a vector field B to be solenoidal d:B = 0 # ^d : B hdv = 0 # B : dS = 0 he 0 co 1 4 44f = p4h44 3 2 /2 ^at m . ^c " 1h (d) div div ^fh = 0 d : ^d : fh = 0 As f is a scalar quality so its divergence is not defined.in = p R a f .13 2 1 = 2 :r D = 1 2 0 Option (C) is correct. # A : dl = # A : dra + # A : dfa + # A : dra = # ^2r cos fh dr + 0 # ^2r cos fh dr 1 r 2 f 3 1 0 lp. ^d " 4h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. 1 For the given contour we integrate the field in three intervals as r 1 4 44 2 4 44 3 ^at f = 0h SOL 1.2R a y .p R a f 3 2 =.15 Option (D) is correct.2Ray A = 4r cos far SOL 1.3.Chap 1 Vector Analysis 55 For View Only Shop Online at www.3. ga te s SOL 1.14 Option (C) is correct.nodia.12 Option (D) is correct.az h = 0 SOL 1.3. ^ax # ay h + ^ay # ax h = az + ^. Given vector field.3. (a) Curl ^F h = 0 It gives the result that F is irrotational ^a " 2h (b) div ^F h = 0 It gives the result that F is solenoidal.co. ^b " 3h (c) div Grad ^fh = 0 d : ^dfh = 0 d2 f = 0 It is Laplace equation.

56 Vector Analysis Chap 1 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.16 Option (D) is correct.in SOL 1.3. the closed loop integral is p/2 0 2 A : dl = dr + 2df + dr = 8 a p k = 2p 4 0 0 2 # # # # . g at e he lp. As by observing the given figure we conclude that the closed circular quadrant is in x -y plane and it’s segments are OP = drar PQ = 2dfaf QO = drar So.co.nodia. co m For View Only Shop Online at www.

CHAPTER 2 ELECTROSTATIC FIELDS .

3 ww If one of the four charges is being removed then the magnitude of the net force on the test charge + 1 nC placed at the centre will be (A) 0 N (B) 18 N (D) 36 N Two point charges of 9 C and 12 C are located on x -axis at a separation of 3 m.4 C and 1 m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.4 C and 2 m (C) 4 C and 2 m (D) . g (C) 72 N at e he (D) 36 N lp.1.1 Shop Online at www.1.2 (C) 9 N MCQ 2. co Four equal charges of + 2 C are being placed at the corners of the square of side 2 m in free space as shown in figure. A third point charge q is placed on the x -axis at a distance d from the 36 C charge which makes the entire system in equilibrium. m .co.in Statement for Linked Question 1-2 : MCQ 2. The value of q and d are (A) 4 C and 1 m (B) .1.58 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only EXERCISE 2.nodia.1 The net force on a test charge + 2 nC at the centre O of the square will be (A) 0 N (B) 18 N MCQ 2.

1.7.8 lp.4 cm (D) 2.414 m m The three point charges.4 Consider the point charges . ga te he Statement for Linked Question 7 .1) will be (A) . What will be the distance of point P form + Q charge such that the net electric field intensity at P is zero.8az Charges + Q and + 2Q are separated by a distance 1 m.004az . 3) ? (A) 13.2.1.1.1.4az (D) + 1.nodia.1.6 (D) 5.1.5 (C) 19.7 cm MCQ 2.1.2 mC (C) 12.004ax .2) and (.5.5 cm (B) 2.004ax + 1.06az MCQ 2. are located on the z -axis at z =.10 Total stored charge on the cylindrical surface r = 2 .55 mC (D) 15. 1 in free space.284ay + 1. co (D) 0.7 mC GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. 0.44az (B) 19.co.9 Electrons are moving randomly in a fixed region in free space.284ay + 1. each + 4 nC .1.6 cm (C) 2. 0. (A) 1 (B) .1.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 59 For View Only Shop Online at www. What will be the electric field intensity at point P (0.1. 3) respectively The net electric field intensity at point (.4ax (B) 1.7 The total charge present throughout the spherical shell will be (A) 160 pC (B) 40 pC (C) 80 pC (D) 72 pC MCQ 2.8 For what value of a half of the total charge will be located in the region 4 cm < r < a (A) 2.414 m (C) . MCQ 2. 0 < z < 1 m having surface charge density r2 z mC/m2 is (A) 25.1.1. During a time interval T the probability of finding an electron in a subregion of volume 10-12 m3 is 30% .5 nC and + 3 nC are located at (.004az .1 A uniform volume charge density of 4 mC/m3 is present throughout the spherical shell extending from r = 2 cm to r = 3 cm . .48 nC/m3 (C) 48 mC/m3 (D) 48 nC/m3 MCQ 2. .The volume charge density in the subregion for the time interval will be (B) 16 nC/m3 (A) .284ay + 1. 0.284ay + 1.06ax .4ax (C) .4az MCQ 2.4. 0.1.1 mC (B) 50.in MCQ 2. 3.

1.13 Which of the following charge distribution produces the electric field intensity ? E = 4xyax + 4yzay + 6xzaz V/m ? (A) infinite line charge of 2 nC/m along x -axis (B) spherical shell of charge density 3 nC/m3 (C) plane sheet of charge density 3 nC/m2 at x -y plane (D) field doesn’t exist MCQ 2. 1) will be (A) 0 (B) e0 ax (C) .in MCQ 2.6ay MCQ 2.5 C (B) 13 C (C) 4.e0 ax (D) 4pe0 ay GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. (D) 26 C co m .1.2ax + 14.7.nodia. If the triangular surface has charge density rS = 9xy C/m2 then the total charge on it will be (A) 6. z) in free space is E = x2 ax + 2xyay .1. g at e he A circular disk of radius 5 m has surface charge density rS = 3r .11 Consider a triangular surface in the plane z = 0 as shown in the figure. y.2ax .4ay (D) .1.2ax . .1. 5) will be (A) 2.12 (A) 50p C (C) 250 p C MCQ 2. The total charge stored on the disk is (B) 125p C (D) 250 C p lp.3.1.14 An infinite line charge of 1 mC/m is located on the z -axis.15 Electric field intensity at any point (x.8ay (B) 7.2.4ax + 1. The electric flux density at the point (.ay (C) .5 C MCQ 2. 0. Electric field due to the line charge at point (.1.co.60 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www. where r (# 5 m ) is the distance of any point on the disk from its centre.

(B) A and R both are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.1. centered at origin will be (A) 4.co.21 A uniform volume charge density rv C/m3 is distributed inside the region defined by a cylindrical surface of cross sectional radius a .3 nC (B) ar C/m2 (D) ar + a q C/m2 m MCQ 2.18 Volume charge density in the free space in spherical coordinate system is given by 1 C/m3 0 < r < 3m rv = * r2 0 r > 3m Net electric flux crossing the surface r = 2 m is (A) 4p C (B) .1.17 Consider the electric field intensity in some region is found to be E = 3r2 ar V/m . Reason (R) : Electric field intensity at any point outside the uniformly charged sphere is always zero.p C Electric flux density at r = 1 m is (A) p ar C/m2 2 (C) 4par C/m2 MCQ 2.20 A point charge 8 C is located at the origin.32 nC Statement for Linked Question 18 . The total electric flux crossing the portion of plane x + y = 3 m lying in the first octant is (A) 1 C (B) 4 C (C) 1 C/m (D) 4 C/m MCQ 2. (D) 0 co (D) 5.19 (C) 2p C MCQ 2.nodia.16 Assertion (A) : Net electric field flux emanating from an arbitrary surface not enclosing a point charge is zero.32 pC (B) 5.3 pC . ga te MCQ 2. (A) A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A. (C) A is true but R is false.in MCQ 2.1.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 61 For View Only Shop Online at www. The electric field intensity at a distance r ^< a h from the cylindrical axis is proportional to (A) r (B) a r (C) 12 (D) ar2 r GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp. (C) 4.1.1.1. in spherical coordinate system. (D) A is false but R is true. The total charge stored in a sphere of radius 2 m.19 ww w.

22 (C) 0 MCQ 2.in Common Data for Question 22 .1.4 V/m . . Reason (R) : According to Gauss’s law volume charge density in a region having electric field intensity E is given by rv = ed E (A) A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A. Volume r3 2r charge density in the region will be (B) 2 cos q C/m3 (A) 0 C/m3 r4 (C) sin q C/m3 (D) 4 C/m3 r3 r3 If electric flux density in a certain region is D = (2y2 + 4z) ax + 2xyay + 4xaz C/m2 The total charge enclosed by the cube 0 # x # 2 . (D) A is false but R is true.1 V/m (B) .27 In a certain region the electric flux density is D = cos q ar + sin3q a q C/m2 .23 (D) 2 V/m (B) 4 ar e0 MCQ 2.1. g Assertion (A) : No charge can be present in a uniform electric field.1 # z # 1 is (A) 9 C (B) 4 C (C) 16 C (D) 8 C GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.26 MCQ 2.nodia.co.24 MCQ 2.1. 0 # y # 2 . at e (C) 25 e0 ar 8 he If the region outside the spherical shell is charge free then what will be the electric field intensity at r = 5 ? (B) 16p ar (A) 1 ar e0 3e0 (D) 8 e0 ar 25 lp.1. (C) 20 ar 9e0 co (D) 9 ar e0 Electric field intensity at r = 4 will be (A) 4 ar 9e0 m The Electric field intensity at any point in the region r # 2 will be (A) . (C) A is true but R is false.24 Charge density inside a hollow spherical shell of radius r = 4m centered at origin is defined as 0 for r # 2 rv = * 4 c/m3 for 2 1 r # 4 r2 MCQ 2.1.25 (B) A and R both are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.62 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.1. MCQ 2.

1. ga te A potential function V satisfies Laplace’s equation inside a certain region.1az pC/m2 MCQ 2.1) and (0.Qd + Qd (A) (B) az 3 az 4pe0 y 4pe0 y3 . 0.304ay + 0.1.78 kV Statement for Linked Question 29 . .30 MCQ 2.629az nC/m2 (D) 7. 0) is . 0.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 63 For View Only Shop Online at www.0.2ax . The net electric potential at point P (.71.31 (C) a maxima and a minima both MCQ 2.11.5.32 ww w.3.6ax + 11.578.095ax .6az MCQ 2.1. y.0.4) due to the two charges will be (A) .in MCQ 2. In this region the potential function will have (A) a maxima only (B) a minima only (D) neither a maxima nor a minima An electric dipole consists of two point charges of equal and opposite magnitude ! Q is lying along x -axis such that + Q is at x = d/2 and .28 Two point charges + 1 mC and .4ay .4ay + 35.1ax + 22.co.6az m .36 V (D) .11. Electric field due to the dipole at any point (r.1.4ay + 35.0.64 kV (C) . Electric flux density at point P will be (A) 31.d/2 . q.6ax . 2.8ay .71.1ax + 22.948az nC/m2 lp.1) will be (B) 3.8ax + 202ay .1.Qd .Qd 2Qd (C) (D) ax 3 az + 3 ay 4pe0 y 4pe0 r 4pe0 y3 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (C) .9 V (B) 0.2. .4ax + 101ay .30 : In the entire free space electric potential is given by V = xy2 z3 + 3 ln ^x2 + 2y2 + 3z2h 4 Electric field at point P (3.29 (B) 62.8ay .1 mC are being located at points (0. .1) respectively.Q is at x =.nodia.5az pC/m2 co (D) 2.314. f) in spherical coordinate system is given by Qd where r >>d E = 62 cos2 qar + sin qaq@ 2pe0 r3 The force applied by the dipole on a charge of + 1 C located at point (0.1az (C) 3.35.6az (A) 7.

48ay V/m (A) . 0.86ax + 21.1.90. g (B) 10. at all points except origin (D) 0.1 (C) (3.nodia. 0) 2 respectively.64 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only EXERCISE 2. 0) and (1. 0) (B) (0.86az V/m (C) 10. Plane 5x + 4y = 0 carries a uniform charge distribution with rS = 2 nC/m2 .co. 3. 0.1.4 ww w. 0)? (A) (. The electric field intensity at point (1.3ax .1. 0.3 (A) 21. 3) will be (B) 67.2.4ay V/m co (D) (0.2.2 Shop Online at www. .8ax . 0. 0) m . 0) Two equal point charges of + 1 nC each are located at points (. at all points (B) + 1.72az V/m MCQ 2.2 MCQ 2. What will be the position of third point charge of + 2 nC such that the net electric field E = 0 at (0.72ax + 10.48ay V/m (D) . 0) MCQ 2.2. at all points except origin GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e Electric field intensity at a distance 3 m above the center of a circular loop of radius 4 m lying in the xy -plane and carrying a uniform line charge + 3 nC/m as shown in the figure is he (C) 3ax + 4ay V/m lp. 0.2.86az V/m (D) 72az V/m Consider a point charge Q is located at the origin.67. at all points (C) + 1. Divergence of the electric flux density produced by the charge is (A) 0.in MCQ 2.85ax + 90. 1.

20 nC/m3 MCQ 2. ga te he lp.10 An infinite line charge + 2 nC/m is lying along entire z -axis. z < 1.9 A dipole having a moment p = 5pe0 az C. electric flux density is given by D = x2 yax + 2y2 x2 ay C/m2 MCQ 2.co.5 m D =* 2 2 2/r ar nC/m r $ 0. If the electric field produce due to the dipole is given by E = 2Ex ax + Ey ay + Ez az then surface on which Ez = 0 but Ex .2.2. Ey ! 0 will be (A) a cone of angle 54. 5) due to the line charge is zero then the electric potential at any point (r.40 nC/m3 (D) . In free space.2.5 The total flux leaving the closed surface of the cube is (A) .2 m will be (C) 4 nC/m3 (A) .nodia.3c (D) none of these MCQ 2.8 Volume charge density at r = 1 m will be (A) 0 (B) 20 nC/m3 (C) .8 : MCQ 2. f. flux charge density is given by 3r2 ar nC/m2 r < 0.2.2.5 nC/m3 (C) 20 C/m3 (D) 5 nC/m3 MCQ 2. If the electric potential at the point (1.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 65 For View Only Shop Online at www.6 : In the region of free space that includes the cubical volume 0 < x .5 m co m div D at center of the cube is (A) 1/2 .7c (C) (a) and (b) both (B) a cone of angle 125.1/6 C (B) 1/6 C (C) 0 C (D) 1/3 C (B) 3/4 MCQ 2.7 Volume charge density at r = 0.in Common Data for Question 5 . z) will be (B) 18 c ln b 1 l m (A) 18 volt r r -9 (C) 10 ln b 1 l r 2 9 (D) 9 # 10 ln b 1 l r 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2. y .6 (C) 1/4 (D) 1/6 Common Data for Question 7 .m is located at origin in free space. p/2.

15 at e w.yay V/m .3 J (D) + 15.16 Statement for Linked Question 17.in Statement for Linked Question 11 -12 : Electric field at any point (r. The amount of work done in moving a + 2 C charge along a circular arc centred at origin from x = 1 m to x = y = 1 m in the region will be 3 (A) 2 J (B) . 1/2.m is located at point 5 B (0. 2. The electric potential due to the dipole at point A (1.2. the electric field intensity is given as E = xax .66 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.12 MCQ 2.5 J MCQ 2. 1.13 (C) 1.2 MCQ 2.23 V (B) 1.2. .11 (D) r =+ 2 MCQ 2.6).6 V An electric dipole having moment p = 3 ax . 3h to the point B (4. q.nodia. 2) will be (A) 4.91 V co (C) 1/8 volt (D) 1/4 volt m Potential difference between the spherical surfaces r = 0 and r = 2 will be (A) 1/2 volt (B) 1 volt .2.1 J (C) + 1 J (D) . 1.5 J (C) 2.2. 0) in the field E = 2yax + 2xay V/m along the curve y = x/2 will be (A) . g The work done in carrying a 2 C charge from point A ^1.31 V MCQ 2.14 (C) 36 V MCQ 2.15. f) in free space is given by E = 2 2r 2 a r (r + 4) The electric potential will be maximum at (A) infinity (B) origin (C) at r =.2.1 J 2 he A total charge 20 nC is being split into four equal charges spaced at 90c intervals around a circular loop of radius 5 m.ay + 3az nC.18 : Four equal charges of + 1 nC is being carried from infinity and placed at different corners of a square. Consider the side of the square is 1 m and the charges are being carried as one at a time.co. The electric potential at the center of the loop will be (A) 108 V (B) 36 kV (D) 135 V lp. (D) 0.28 J (B) . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww In a certain region.2.

.25 : A uniformly charged solid sphere of radius R has the total charge Q .23 MCQ 2.71 J MCQ 2.68 # 10-13 J m .8 J (D) 9.36 nJ (C) 2. z < 2 will be (A) 4.68 # 10-13 J (C) 7.2. 30c.1) respectively is (A) 1.13 # 10-12 J (D) 4.17 How much work does it take to bring in the last charge from infinity and place it in the fourth corner ? (A) 24.72 nJ (C) 9 nJ (D) 24.2. ga te Four point charges of 4 nC are placed at the corners of a square of side 1 cm.68 # 103 J MCQ 2.36 nJ MCQ 2.3.9.2 mJ co (D) 8 J The electric field in a certain region is given by E = sin fa r + (z + 1) r cos fa f + 2r sin fa z V/m Work done in moving a 2 C charge from A(2. 1) in the field is (A) . 1) to B (2. y .Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 67 For View Only Shop Online at www. The total potential energy stored in the system of charges is (A) 3.9 kJ (B) 0. Consider the electric potential at a distance r from the centre of the sphere is V (r).18 # 10-13 J (C) 2. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.604 J (B) .20 (C) 9 kJ MCQ 2.nodia.312 mJ ww w.490 mJ (D) 2.21 (C) 0. Total work done in transferring two point charges + 1 mC and + 2 mC from infinity to the points A (.42 # 10-12 J (B) . 0) and B (2.4.1.7 J Statement for Linked Question 22 .18 (D) 9 nJ Total work done for assembling the whole configuration of four charges will be (A) 15.604 J (D) 85.47 # 10-13 J Common Data for Question 24 .2. 6.23 : The potential field in free space is expressed as V = 4 V xyz The total energy stored within the cube 1 < x . 0c.8 nJ (B) .36 J (B) 24.2.22 The energy density at the centre of the cube will be (A) 1.19 (C) 32 J MCQ 2.36 nJ (B) 48.co.2.in MCQ 2.33 # 10-11 J (B) 5. .2.2.

2.24 For r 2 R .4 # 109 J MCQ 2. 1 .2.25 With the increase in r potential V (r) inside the charged sphere will (A) increase (B) decrease MCQ 2.2. What will be the value of k for which the net electric field intensity at the point P _0. g at e (C) remain constant he lp.79 # 10-11 V/m co m .2.nodia.79 # 10-12 V/m (B) 5.27 The electric field intensity required to counter act the earth’s gravitational force on an electron is (A) 1.26 If R = 1 m and Q = 2 C then the total stored energy inside the sphere will be (B) 6.5 # 109 (D) 5. plot of V (r) versus r will be MCQ 2.68 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.28 Three point charges Q . kQ and kQ are arranged as shown in figure.57 # 10-11 V/m w.in MCQ 2. 1 i is zero ? 3 4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww (C) 5.75 # 109 J (A) 4. (D) be zero always (D) 1.2.co.34 # 109 J (C) 4.57 # 10-13 V/m MCQ 2.

with uniform density rv C/m3 . The electric field intensity at any point ^x.2. A small hole is drilled through the center of the spherical volume charge as shown in figure. 0h and ^.83 m (D) 2.co.83 m MCQ 2.32 The frequency of the oscillation of point charge is (B) 5.31 If an electron is placed at one end of the hole and released from rest at t = 0 then what will be the distance of the electron from center of sphere at t = 2 m sec . (A) 0 (B) 2 m (C) 1.2 KHz GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. For View Only Shop Online at www. 0h respectively.30 A volume charge is distributed throughout a sphere of radius R.2. and centered at the origin. 0.83 KHz (D) 27. ga te Consider a total charge of 2 nC is distributed throughout a spherical volume of radius 3 m.4Q and Q are located at ^a.a. 0. 0.4 KHz (C) 1. . ^0.2.in MCQ 2. The size of the hole is negligible compared to the size of the sphere.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 69 Statement for Linked Question 31 .29 Three point charges Q .44 KHz (A) 54. 0h for x >> a is 6Qa2 3Qa2 (A) K c 4 m (B) K c 4 m x x 2 Qa (C) K c 4 m (D) zero 6x MCQ 2.32 : MCQ 2. The electric field intensity at a distance r from the origin is inside the sphere(r # R ) outside the sphere(r > R ) rv r2 rv R3 (A) a b 3R l ar e0 e0 c 3r2 m r rv r rv R3 (B) a a 3 k ar e0 e0 c 3r2 m r rv r2 rv r3 (C) a b 3R l a r e0 e0 c 3R2 m r rv r rv r3 (D) a a 3 k ar e0 e0 c 3R2 m r co m . 0.nodia. he lp.2. 0h.

co m Volume charge of uniform density 5 nC/m3 is distributed in the region between two infinitely long.r l 2e0 b 3 e0 R A total charge of 900p mC is uniformly distributed over a circular disk of radius 6 m The applied force on a 150 mC charge located on the axis of disk and 4 m from it’s center as shown in figure is MCQ 2. g at e The electric field intensity in the charge-free region inside the cylindrical surface of radius 2 m is (A) 282. The total electric field flux crossing the portion of plane y + z = 1 m lying in the first octant and bounded by the planes x = 0 and x = 1 m r r (A) L (B) L 2e0 8e0 (C) MCQ 2. .2. The electric potential at a distance r from the origin is inside the sphere(r # R ) outside the sphere(r > R ) 2 rv R3 2rv 2 R (A) r .in MCQ 2.70 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.2.33 An infinite line charge of uniform density rL is situated along the x -axis.nodia.35 A volume charge is distributed throughout a sphere of radius R and centered at the origin with uniform density 3rv C/m3 .5ax V/m (B) 5.l e0 b 3e0 r 3 2 rv rv R3 (B) R2 .2.77 # 10-12 V/m he lp.65 # 1011 V/m (C) 3.36 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.34 rL 4e0 (D) 4rL e0 MCQ 2.r l 2e0 b 3 3e0 r 2 rv R3 2rv 2 r (C) R .2.co.l e0 b 3e0 r 3 2 3rv R3 rv (D) R2 . parallel cylindrical surfaces of radii 5 m and 2 m and with their axes separated by distance of 1 m as shown in the figure.54ax mV/m (D) 1.

5 # 10-14 N (C) 2.83 N (D) 5.78 N Two infinite uniform sheets of charge. each with density 2 C/m2 . the electric field intensity will be (A) linearly increasing (B) linearly decreasing (C) constant (D) zero GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2.1 in the region y < .2.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 71 For View Only Shop Online at www.2.37 Electric field intensity at the origin will be (A) 0 (B) 4 ay V/m 2e0 (D) 5 ay V/m 2e0 (C) .in (A) 13. 5.1.65 # 102 N MCQ 2. MCQ 2.5 N (C) 9. are located at y =+ 1 and y =. co Common Data for Question 37 .co.nodia.38 If a test charge of 5 mC is placed at point ^2.1 as shown in figure.39 As we move away from the sheet charge located at y =.38 : m (D) 18.44 N (B) 6. ga te he lp.5 ay V/m 2e0 MCQ 2. 4h then the force applied by the sheets on test charge is (A) 2.89 N .83 mN (B) 2.

2.40 A charged sphere of radius 1 m carries a uniform charge density of 6 C/m3 .72 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.2.41 (D) 40 MCQ 2.4 az e0 MCQ 2. 0 # q # p/2 is (A) 50 mC (B) 12.5 mC .2.5 (B) 5 (C) 0. g An air filled parallel plate capacitor is arranged such that the lower side of upper plate carries surface charge density 3 C/m2 and upper side of lower plate carries surface charge density .2. The total electric flux passing through the hemispherical surface defined by r = 48 m .nodia. The electric field intensity between the plates will be In a certain region electric potential distribution is as shown in the figure.2 C/m2 as shown in figure.42 (C) (D) MCQ 2. A redistribution of the charge results in the density function given by rv = k ^5 .co.2.r2h C/m3 where r is distance of the point from center of the sphere.43 at e rs a e0 r 0 he Consider a hollow sphere of radius R centred at origin carries a uniform surface charge density rS . The electric field intensity at distance r from the center of the sphere is insider the sphere(r # R ) outside the sphere(r > R ) rs R 2 (A) 0 a e0 b r l r rs rs R 2 (B) a a e0 r e0 b r l r (A) .2 az e0 (C) . The value of k will be (A) 2.44 ww w. 0 (B) 2 az e0 (D) 4 az e0 co rs a e0 r (C) 25 mC (D) 100 mC m A 50 mC point charge is located at the origin. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp.in MCQ 2.5 MCQ 2.

If the gain in the kinetic energy of accelerating electron is K.co. A uniform electric field is applied along the direction of the motion of one of the electrons.nodia. co m .in The corresponding plot of electric field component Ey will be MCQ 2.45 Two electrons are moving with equal velocities in opposite directions.2. so the electron gets accelerated while the electron moving in opposite direction gets decelerated.EGain and the loss in Kinetic energy of decelerating electron is K. ga te he lp.ELoss then the correct relation between them is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 73 For View Only Shop Online at www.

in (D) Can’t be determined as initial velocities are not given MCQ 2.EGain = K.ELoss (C) K. y = ! 3 m .EGain > K.375ay mN (B) 37.5 mJ *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.46 (C) 19.17ay mN MCQ 2. The force per unit length acting on the line at positive y arising from the charge at negative y is (A) 9.co. g at e he lp.2 nC point charge are located in free space at the corners of a square 4 cm on a side.ELoss (B) K.2.ELoss Shop Online at www. The total potential energy stored is (A) 1.EGain < K.75 mJ (B) 2 mJ (C) 3.2.74 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only (A) K.nodia.47 (D) 75ay mN Four 2.5ay mN . (D) 0 co m Two identical uniform charges with rL = 80 nC/m are located in free space at x = 0 .

6ax + 2. Q2 = 2 mC and Q 3 = 3 mC .3 IES EC 2011 Given that the electric flux density D = zp (cos2 F) az C/m2 .5 IES EC 2010 Assertion (A) : Capacitance between two parallel plates of area ‘A’ each and distance of separation ‘d ’ is eA/d for large A/d ratio. The charge density at point (1.5az newtons/coulomb MCQ 2.5 az MCQ 2.5az newtons/coulomb co (C) + 5 volt (D) + 6 volt m If the electric field intensity is given by E = (2xax + yay + zaz ) volt/m.3ax + 0. which are given by Q1 = 1 mC .az h. 2.3.in MCQ 2. (A) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3. ^ay + 3az h and ^2ax . p/4.5 (D) 0. z).nodia.6ax + 2. Reason (R) : Fringing electric field can be neglected for large A/d ratio.co. 3) is (A) + 1 volt (B) .2ay + 0.3. 0.4 IES EC 2010 An electric charge of Q coulombs is located at the origin. the potential difference between X (2.3.2ay + 2. The total field at the point P due to all three charges is given by (A) 1. Then (A) E and V are both scalars (B) E and V are both vectors (D) E is a vector and V is a scalar (C) E is a scalar and V is a vector MCQ 2. 0) and Y (1.1 volt . ga te he (B) 0. Consider electric potential V and electric field intensity E at any point (x.2 IES EC 2012 (C) 3ax + 2ay + 2az newtons/coulomb (D) 0.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 75 For View Only EXERCISE 2.ay h newtons/coulomb. The field due to each charge at a point P in free space is ^ax + 2ay .1 GATE 2003 MCQ 2.3.2az newtons/coulomb lp.2ay + 0. There are three charges. y.3 Shop Online at www. 3) is (A) 3 (B) 1 (C) 0.

(A) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true IES EC 2009 (C) Non-concentric cylinders (D) None of the above MCQ 2.10 What is the electric flux density (in mC/m2) at a point (6.3. then which of the following is correct ? (A) V1 and V2 are identical (B) V1 is inversely proportional as V2 (C) V1 has the same direction as V2 (D) V1 has the same magnitude as V2 but has different direction MCQ 2.co. (B) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A. the inner one is kept at a constant positive potential + V0 and the outer one is grounded. IES EC 2010 Reason (R) : By this technique.dV . Reason (R) : The curl of a gradient is identically zero.3.11 IES EC 2008 ww MCQ 2. . the method of images is used. g at e he lp.30ax (B) .3. 4.6 Assertion (A) : In solving boundary value problems. conducting surfaces can be removed from the solution domain. where E is the electric field and V is the potential is not valid for time varying fields.7 What will be the equipotential surfaces for a pair of equal and opposite line charges ? (A) Spheres .3.8 IES EC 2009 If the potential functions V1 and V2 satisfy Laplace’s equation within a closed region and assume the same values on its surface. (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true IES EC 2008 (C) 30ax MCQ 2. What is the electric field in the space between the cylinders? (A) Uniform and directed radially outwards (B) Uniform and directed radially inwards (C) Non-uniform and directed radially outwards (D) Non-uniform and directed parallel to the axis of the cylinders GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.nodia. co (B) Concentric cylinders m MCQ 2.3.76 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.60ax (D) 60ax Of two concentric long conducting cylinders.5) caused by a uniform surface charge density of 60 mC/m2 at a plane x = 8 ? (A) . (A) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.9 IES EC 2009 Assertion (A) : The expression E =.in MCQ 2.3.

3. 1) is E = 65.in MCQ 2.3. 2. ga te (C) Only 2 and 4 he Work done in moving a charge in the field form one point to another is independent of the path of movement. lp.12 In a charge free space.3az V/m . 6. If e0 is the permittivity of free space. then which one of the following is correct ? (B) W1 = W2 (A) W1 = 0. It is solensoidal co (D) 1. IES EC 2006 MCQ 2. 0) ? (A) . It is static only form a macroscopic view point.3.3. What is the solution representing propagation in positive z -direction ? (A) Ex = E 0 e-kz (B) Ex = E 0 e+jkz (C) Ex = E 0 e-jkz (D) Ex = E 0 e+kz An infinitely long uniform charge of density 30 nC/m is located at y = 3.200e0 (B) .84.17 IES EC 2005 MCQ 2.200/e0 (C) 200e0 (D) .3.14 . 6.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 77 For View Only Shop Online at www. 3 and 4 (C) Cylinders (D) Cubes m MCQ 2. 4.16 IES EC 2005 The potential (scalar) distribution is given as V = 4y 4 + 20x3 .5 m separation between them.15 IES EC 2006 Which of the statements given above are correct ? (A) 1. 1) ? 2 2 (A) E (B) c 2 6 + 1 2 m E 2 5 +6 +1 MCQ 2. 2 and 3 (B) 1. what is the volume charge density rv at the point (2. It is irrotational 3. z = 5 .13 IES EC 2007 (D) None of the above W1 is the electrostatic energy stored in a system of three equal point charges arranged in a line with 0.240e0 The x -directed electric field Ex having sinusoidal time variation e jwt and space variation in z -direction satisfies the equation d2Ex = 0 under source free condition in a lossless medium.3.3. the Poisson’s equation results in which one of the following? IES EC 2008 (A) Continuity equation (B) Maxwell’s equation (C) Laplace equation MCQ 2. If W2 is the energy stored with 1 m separation between them.7ay . What is the field intensity at (5. 2 and 4 MCQ 2.nodia.co.5W2 (C) W1 = 2W2 (D) W1 = 4W2 Equivalent surface about a point charge are in which one of the following forms ? (A) Spheres (B) Planes Consider the following statements regarding an electrostatic field : 1. The field intensity at (0.18 IES EC 2004 1/2 2 2 2 2 2 1/2 (C) c 2 6 + 1 2 m E (D) c 5 + 6 + 1 m E 2 2 2 5 +6 +1 6 +1 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.

24 IES EC 2001 The energy stored per unit volume in an electric field (with usual notations) is given by (B) 1/2eE (A) 1/2eH 2 (C) 1/2eE 2 (D) eE 2 MCQ 2. 5) and (1.3. 0).50 mJ A dipole produces an electric field intensity of 1 mV/m at a distance of 2 km. The electric field intensity at point C (4. co m An electric charge Q is placed in a dielectric medium. 1.3.in MCQ 2.1.nodia. 0) is in the (A) negative x -direction (B) negative z -direction (C) positive x -direction (D) positive z -direction GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.20 IES EC 2003 (D) 4 (ax + ay) (B) Displacement density D and Displacement y (D) Electric potential V and Displacement y MCQ 2.1) respectively.22 IES EC 2003 (C) 10.3. 0. 0.3). 0. 0.3.01 A flowing in the sense ABCDA ? (A) 2az (B) .50 mV/m (D) 0. C (. The field intensity at a distance of 4 km will be (A) 1 mV/m (B) 0. The displacement flux density D at r = 3 m is (A) D = 5ar C/m2 (B) D = 2/3ar C/m2 (D) D = 18/3ar C/m2 lp. .14 mJ (D) 12. rS = 5 C/m2 at r = 2 m and rS =. Which of the following quantities are independent of the dielectric constant e of the medium ? (A) Electric potential V and Electric field intensity E .78 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.10. 0).2az (C) 4az MCQ 2. .4 C/m2 at r = 4 m .25 IES EC 2001 A positive charge of Q coulomb is located at point A (0.28 mJ MCQ 2.10. 3) and a negative charge of magnitude Q coulombs is located at point B (0.57 mJ (B) 5. 0) and with current 0. 3.3. The energy stored in the field is (A) 2. B (0.3.3.21 IES EC 2004 (C) Electric field intensity E and Displacement density D (C) D = 10/3ar C/m2 MCQ 2.25 mV/m MCQ 2. .75 mV/m (C) 0. 0) and D (0. 0.19 What is the magnetic dipole moment in Am2 for a square current loop having the IES EC 2004 vertices at the point A (10. g he Two coaxial cylindrical sheets of charge are present in free space.co. 10.23 IES EC 2002 at e An electric potential field is produced in air by point charge 1 mC and 4 mC located at (.

029 mC (D) 0.29 IES EE 2012 The vector statement of Gauss’s a law is (A) (C) # D : dS = # r dv v s s lp.3. 0h is (A) 0.28 IES EE 2012 MCQ 2.3.3.nodia.27 IES EC 2001 (D) 9 # 10-12 N Gauss law relates the electric field intensity E with the volume charge density rv at a point as (A) d # E = e0 rv (B) d : E = e0 rv (C) d # E = rv /e0 (D) d : E = rv /e0 MCQ 2.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 79 For View Only Shop Online at www.3.3.30 IES EE 2012 (C) decrease MCQ 2. (B) v The electric field strength at any point at a distance r from the point charge q located in a homogeneous isotropic medium with dielectric constant e. Now. 0h m . then the force between the charge will (A) reduce to zero (B) increase (D) not change The following point charges are located in air : + 0. 0h m + 0.co. ga te Two charges are placed at a distance apart. is given by qe-1 (A) E = (B) E = DdS cos q ar 4pr2 qe q2 (C) E = (D) E = ar 2 ar 4pr 4per2 co (D) s # D : dS = # r dv s v ## D : dS = # r dv s v 2 v he #D : dS = # r dv v v MCQ 2.31 IES EE 2012 ww w.0.32 IES EE 2012 Electric flux through a surface area is the integral of the (A) normal component of the electric field over the area (B) parallel component of the electric field over the area (C) normal component of the magnetic field over the area (D) parallel component of the magnetic field over the area GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia m # .009 mC at ^0.058 mC (B) 0. 4h m The total electric flux over a sphere of 8 m radius with centre ^0.26 The force between two points charges of 1 nC each with a 1 mm separation in air is IES EC 2001 (A) 9 # 10-3 N (B) 9 # 10-6 N (C) 9 # 10-9 N MCQ 2.3.in MCQ 2. if a glass slab is inserted between them.05 mC at ^3.016 mC MCQ 2.3.049 mC (C) 0.008 mC at ^0.

2 (B) w b b l a Point charges of Q1 = 2nC and Q2 = 3nC are located at a distance apart.3. What is the energy stored in the field ? (A) Zero (B) 450 nJ (D) .33 Assertion (A) : The electric field around a positive charge is outward. 0. 0.900 nJ 3 (A) w b b l a ww A spherical balloon of radius a is charged.3.5 nC placed midway between Q1 and Q2 will experience no force.co.3. 0) m respectively. which one of the following statements is not correct ? (A) The force on the 3 nC charge is repulsive. MCQ 2.80 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.in MCQ 2. co (D) w m . what is the energy density at P ? (C) w b b l a GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.nodia.36 IES EE 2007 at e Which one of the following is the correct statement ? Equi-potential lines and field lines (A) are parallel (B) are anti-parallel (D) bear no definite relationship (C) . If the balloon is inflated to a radius b without altering its charge.3.37 IES EE 2007 w.3 nC and 10 nC are located in free space at (. With regard to this situation. g Point charges of .450 nJ MCQ 2.3.1.35 IES EE 2008 (C) are orthogonal MCQ 2. 0) m and (1. (D) The forces on Q1 and Q2 will depend on the medium in which they are placed. (C) The forces Q1 and Q2 are same in magnitude. IES EE 2011 Reason (R) : Gauss’s law states that the differential of the normal component of the outward electric flux density over a closed surface yields the positive charge enclosed. The energy density in the electric field at point P shown in the figure given below is w . (A) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (B) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (C) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false (D) Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true MCQ 2.34 IES EE 2010 (B) A charge of .

44 IES EE 2004 Plane z = 10 m carries surface charge density 20 nc/m2 .10az v/m (C) 72paz v/m (D) .co.18paz v/m (A) . equal to (A) a rv ir C/m2 (B) 1 rv ir C/m2 3 3 .3.3.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 81 For View Only Shop Online at www.40 IES EE 2006 (C) Non-concentric cylinders MCQ 2.nodia.3. which one of the following is correct ? (A) d # E = 0 and d : E = 0 (B) d # E ! 0 and d : E = 0 he lp. What is the electric field at the origin ? (B) .42 IES EE 2005 If the electric field established by three point charge Q .F (C) 5F (D) . Equipotential surfaces about a pair of equal and opposite linear charges exist in what form ? (A) Concentric spheres (B) Concentric cylinders (D) Planes co (C) arv ir C/m2 (D) a rv ir C/m2 4 m Sphere of radius a with a uniform charge density 4rv C/m3 shall have electric flux density at r = a .39 IES EE 2006 MCQ 2.5F MCQ 2.41 IES EE 2005 (C) d # E = 0 and d : E ! 0 (D) d # E ! 0 and d : E ! 0 MCQ 2.3.43 IES EE 2005 Which one of the following is the Poission’s equation for a linear and isotropic but inhomogeneous medium ? r (B) d : ^ed h =.360paz v/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. then what is the force exerted on the point charge Q ? (A) F (B) . ga te For electrostatic fields in charge free atmosphere.3.r (A) d2E =V e (C) d : d ^eV h =. 2Q and 3Q exerts a force 3F on 3Q and 2F on 2Q .3.3.in MCQ 2.r (D) d2V =r e MCQ 2.38 Which one of the following statements does not state that electrostatic field is IES EE 2006 conservative ? (A) The curl of E is identically zero (B) The potential difference between two points is zero (C) The electrostatic field is a gradient of a scalar potential (D) The work done in a closed path inside the field is zero MCQ 2.

3.8 at P is (. V and the electric field E vanish (B) x 2 y = 1 is an equipotential plane in the xy -plane (C) The equipotential surface V =.1).49 IES EE 2002 The relation between electric intensity E . . (C) 1/r 3 co (D) 1/r 4 The electric field E at a point P due to the presence of dipole as shown in the above diagram (considering distance r >> distance d ) is proportional to (A) 1/r (B) 1/r 2 m .3. voltage applied V and the distance d between the plates of a parallel plate condenser is (A) E = V/d (B) E = V # d (C) E = V/ (d) 2 (D) E = V # (d) 2 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.48 IES EE 2002 A potential field is given by V = 3x 2 y .# 2 dr .45 Consider the following diagram : IES EE 2004 Shop Online at www. .# 2 dr 3 dr a 4pe0 a 3 4pe0 r 3 4pe0 r at e he (B) Equal to volume charge density lp.3.55y + 0. g A charge is uniformly distributed throughout the sphere of radius a .# (B) .8 passes through the point P (2. Which of the following is not true ? (A) At the point (1.3. 4) (D) A unit vector normal to the equipotential surface V =.3. 0.yz .# (D) . Taking the potential at infinity as zero.1.07z) MCQ 2. the potential at r = b < a is b b Q Qr (A) .co.83x + 0.nodia.47 IES EE 2003 MCQ 2.46 IES EE 2004 What is the value of total electric flux coming out of a closed surface ? (A) Zero (C) Equal to the total charge enclosed by the surface (D) Equal to the surface charge density MCQ 2.# 2 dr 3 dr 3 4pe0 a 3 4pe0 r b a a Q Qr Q (C) .in MCQ 2.82 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only MCQ 2.0.

1 Shop Online at www. So.1.2) # (+ 1) # 10-9 F = k (1) 2 9 = .4 C d= 2m SOL 2. ga te SOL 2. co m Option (D) is correct.1 SOL 2.e.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 83 For View Only SOLUTIONS 2.in SOL 2.2 C charge has been put on the corner. FAB = FCB = FAC ^9 h q ^36h q ^36h^9 h = 2 = d2 ^3 .2 as the system must be in equilibrium so the force between all the pair of charges will be equal i. it will be treated as an additional .co.1. Electric field intensity at any point P due to the two point charges Q1 and Q2 is defined as Q Q2 R2 E = k e 1 3 R1 + (R1) (R2) 3 o GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the forces get cancelled by the diagonally opposite charges and so the net force on the charge located at centre is Fnet = 0 N . and q =. Since one of the four charges has been removed so.4 Option (D) is correct.3 Option (A) is correct. Since all the charges are exactly equal and at same distance from the centre.9 # 10 # 2 # 10-9 = 18 N and so the net force experienced by the charge located at center is Fnet = 18 + 4 = 22 N lp. so the force due to the additional charge will be : (.d h ^3h2 Solving the equation we get.1.nodia. Since the two point charges are positive so the introduced third point charge must be negative as to make the entire system in equilibrium as shown below he Option (A) is correct.1.

1.nodia.5) # 10-9 6(.1 .7 + 4) ax + (3 .0) ay + (.1.1.co.84 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.45 6. we conclude that the electric field intensity due to all the point charges will be directed along az . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww So the net electric field intensity produced at the point P due to the three point charges is Q (where R is the distance of point P from the charge Q ) E = a 4pe0 R R Q 1 1 (aR = az ) a = + 1 + 4pe0 . So the net electric field due to the two given point charges is 9 # 109 # (. From the positions of the three point charges as shown in the figure below.1 . co SOL 2.0625az 16 9 4 / w.7 + 5) 2 + (3 .1 + 2) az@ E = (.7 + 4) 2 + (3 .0) 2 + (.1 + 2) 2 + = 9 # 109 # 2 # 10-9 6(. m 19 = 1.6 Option (C) is correct.(3 + 1) 2 (3) 2 (3 .1) 2 E z = 5 # 10-9 # 9 # 109 # : 1 + 1 + 1 D az = 29.2ax + 3ay .5 Option (B) is correct. R1 and R2 is the vector distance of the point P from the two point charges.004az + 18 6.7 + 5) ax + (3 . so the point P must be located on the line joining the two charges as shown in figure.0) 2 + (.3ax + 3ay + az@ 3/2 SOL 2.0) ay + (.3) az@ (.1.in where.4ax . both the point charges are positive. g at e he lp.4az@ 293/2 .284ay . Since.3) 2 .

= 4pe0 (1 . rv = 2 mC = 2 # 10-6 C So the total charge present throughout the shell is defined as the volume integral of the charge density inside the region: m For View Only Shop Online at www.02 -10 = 1.6 # 10 = 160 pC 80 # 10-12 = :4p # 2 # 106 # r D 3 0. 3 # 80 # 10 -6 + (0.1 = 0 x .1.3.8 Option (A) is correct. Charge density in a certain region is defined as the charge per unit volume.414 and x = .nodia. 3 0.59 cm = 4.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 85 i.co. Since the net charge in the subregion = 30% of the electronic charge net charg e So the charge density = volume GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he 3 a # r dv = # # # v 2p p 0. : 4pe0 x2 D . ga te # r dv 80 pc = # # # q = v 2p p 0. so we have the distance of point P from charge + Q as: x = 0. Q = f = 0 q = 0 r = 0.02 = :4p (2 # 10-6) # r D 3 0.6 cm 4p # 2 # 10 SOL 2. Given the volume charge density.414 As discussed above the point P must be located between the two charges.414 m . The charge located in the region 2 cm < r < a is Q q = = 1 # 160 = 80 pC 2 2 Similarly as calculated in previous question we have or or ww w. SE = 0 Since.9 Option (D) is correct.1.02 SOL 2.03 f = 0 q = 0 r = 0.2 ! 4 + 4 =. the direction of electric field intensity due to the two charges will be opposite 2q 1 q 1 So.02 1/3 -12 therefore.03 (2 # 10-6) (r2 sin qdrdqdf) (2 # 10-6) (r2 sin qdrdqdf) co SOL 2.02) 3E = 4.x) 2 2 x + 2x .03 lp.1.x) 2 G = 0 2x2 = (1 . a = .7 Option (D) is correct.e.e.in Given the net electric field intensity at point P is zero i.1 ! 2 2 x = 0.

3zay . SOL 2. Given the electric field intensity E = 2xyax + 4yzay + 6xzaz V/m a x ay 2 x 2 2 y 2 w. For an electric field to exist.86 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.48 nC/m3 SOL 2. we check the existence of the given field vector first.1.13 ww Option (C) is correct.xaz@ ! 0 Therefore.8 # 10-8 =.14 Option (B) is correct.10 Option (D) is correct. as the curl of the given electric field is not equal to zero so. Given the surface charge density rS = 3xy C/m2 So.nodia.1.4.1. Q = SOL 2.12 Option (B) is correct. the field does not exist. Given the surface charge density rS = r2 z So the total charge distributed over the cylindrical surface is .in 30 (.e. the its curl must be zero.co. d#E = 2 xy 2yz 3xz = 2 6.6 # 10-19) 100 # = 10-12 =.11 he = Option (D) is correct.5 C = 8 # :z D # 6f@2p 0 2 0 = 8 # 1 # 2p = 8p = 35.1 mC 2 .2yax .1. = # (3r)^2prdr h 5 0 az 2 z 2 lp. g 3 5 = 6p :r D = 350p 3 0 So. So. 2 -2x + 5 co ^3xy h dxdy = 6.1. Total stored charge on the disk is evaluated by taking surface integral of the charge density. Electric field intensity in free space at a distance R from an infinite line charge with charge density rL is defined as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e # r dS s SOL 2.1. Q = 1 2p 2 m # r dS = # # (r z)(rdfdz) S z=0 f=0 2 1 (dS = rdfdz ) at r = 2 SOL 2. total stored charge on the triangular surface is Q = # r dS S # # x=1 y=1 i.

3. y = Qenc or. So the electric field intensity at any point outside the charged sphere is not zero.17 Option (C) is correct.ay (1 10-6) . i.1. the net electric field flux emanating from an arbitrary surface not enclosing a point charge is zero. ga te 0 0 2 r So when the charge enclosed by the volume is zero then the net outward flux is zero. Electric flux density in a certain region for the given electric field intensity is defined as D = e0 E = e0 (x2 ax + 2xyay) So at the point (. According to Gauss law the total outward electric flux from a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by it m Option (A) is correct.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 87 For View Only rL R 2pe0 R2 Given rL = 1 mC/m = 1 # 10-6 C/m R =. E = ar 4pe0 r2 where r is distance of the point form center of sphere and ar is it’s radial direction. Qenc = ww w. Therefore. 1) D = e0 (ax ) = e0 (3r ) (4pr2) = e0 # 3 # 4p # 2 4 = 5.e.16 Option (B) is correct.e. # D : dS = e # E : dS = e # (3r a ) dS 2 he lp. y = # D : dS = Q co enc SOL 2.6ay kV/m 2pe0 b 5 E = Shop Online at www.1.3 nC ( dS = 4pr2 ar ) r = 2m # SOL 2. i. or in other words.2ax . Assertion(A) is true but Reason(R) is false.3 # 10-9 = 6.1.e.co.2ax . E = # l =.2ax .1.18 Option (D) is correct.7. 0.15 SOL 2.e.ay So.in SOL 2.nodia. y = rv dv GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia # . According to Gauss law net outward electric flux from any closed surface is equal to the total charge enclosed by the volume i. E = 3r2 ar According to Gauss’s law the total charge stored in a closed surface is equal to the surface integral of its flux density over the closed surface. the electric field intensity outside a charged sphere having total charge Q is determined by treating the sphere as a point charge Q i. Now.1.

21 So. As we have already determined the total electric flux crossing the surface r = 1 m So. (assume the height of the cylinder is h ) D ^2prh h = rv ^pr2 h h r So.1. he lp. i.nodia.20 SOL 2.88 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only = Shop Online at www. According to Gauss law the surface integral of the electric flux density over a closed GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. So flux due to it will be emanating from all the eight quadrants symmetrically. g at e Option (D) is correct. total flux = Qenc = 8 C Q So.co. We construct a Gaussian surface at r = r as shown in figure. co m # D : dS = 4p D (4pr ) = 4p D = 12 = 1 C/m2 r D = 4ar C/m2 ( y = 4p ) .1. according to Gauss law the total outward flux through the surface r = r will be equal to the charge enclosed by it. As the point charge is located at origin.1. So the flux through the portion of plane x + y = 2 m lying in first octant is 1/8 of the total flux emanating from the charge located at origin.19 Option (A) is correct. D = rv 2 Therefore the electric field intensity at a distance r from the cylindrical axis is r E = D = v ar k e0 e0 2 Thus E\r SOL 2.22 Option (B) is correct.in # # # r=0 f=0 1 2p 1 2 b r2 l (r sin qdrdqdf) q=0 p = 1 # 2 # 2p = 4p C SOL 2.e. and from Gauss law.1. electric flux density D at r = 1 m is evaluated as below: Total electric flux So we have y = # D : dS 2 Thus SOL 2. flux through the surface x + y = 2 m is enc = 8 = 1 C 8 8 Option (D) is correct.

nodia. # # # # # # # co # m # # # # # # SOL 2. we have the surface integral of the electric field intensity over the Gaussian surface r = 5 as E : dS = 1 rv dv = 1 0dv + 1 ^4/r2h dv + 1 0dv e0 e0 e0 e0 1 4r224 3 1 4 4 1 r #4 4 3 1 41 r # 5 3 42 4 4 24 2 4 # 4 2p p 4 (r2 sin qdrdqdf) E (4p # (5) 2) = 1 e0 r = 2 0 0 b r2 l 4 E (100p) = 4p # 4 dr e0 2 12 a E = 25e0 r ww w.co.23 SOL 2.25 Option (D) is correct. ga te # # he # Option (D) is correct. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . As calculated in the previous question. According to Gauss’s law rv = ed E So when the field intensity is uniform d =0 E and rv = ed = 0 E So no charge can be present in a uniform electric field.1.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 89 For View Only Shop Online at www. E : dS = # 0 e0 E =0 # D : dS # E : dS # SOL 2. i. we have the surface integral of electric field intensity over the Gaussian surface at r = 3 as E : dS = 1 Qenc e0 E : dS = 1 rv dv = 1 0dv + 1 ^4/r2h dv e0 e0 e0 1 4r224 3 1 4 4 1 r #4 4 3 42 3 4 2 # 3 2p p 4 (r2 sin qdrdqdf) E (4p # (3) 2) = 1 e0 r = 2 0 0 b r2 l E (4p # 9) = 4p # 4 (3 . = Qenc (since E = D ) or = 1 Qene e0 e0 As we have to evaluate E for r # 2 and since the charge density is zero for r # 2 so (for r # 2 ) Qenc = 0 1 Therefore.e.2) e0 E = 4 ar 9e0 lp.1.in surface is equal to the total charge enclosed inside the region defined by closed surface. Again from Gauss law.1.24 Option (C) is correct.

Electric field at any point is equal to the negative gradient of potential i.e.1.0) 2 + (.3 .4 + 1) 2 = 4.in SOL 2.24 / at e he lp.30 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.29 Option (A) is correct. the electric potential at point P due to the two point charges is Q1 Q2 + V = 4pe0 R1 4pe0 R2 where Q1 =+ 1 mC .co.83 R2 = (. y = 2. According to Gauss law the volume Charge density in a certain region is equal to the divergence of electric flux density in that region i.6ax + 11.83 4. i.1 mC and R1. According to Gauss law the volume Charge density in a certain region is equal to the divergence of electric flux density in that region.0) 2 + (0 .1.28 SOL 2.nodia. we have R1 = (.1) 2 = 5. Q2 =.26 Option (D) is correct. So. R2 are the distance of the point P from the two point charges respectively.0) 2 + (. g Option (D) is correct.35.6az V/m Option (D) is correct.578.90 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www. rv = d : D = 12 2 br2 cos q l + 1 2 b sin q sin q l r sin q 2 q r r2 r3 2r3 =.1.1 D =. Net electric potential due to two or more point charges is defined as : Q V = 4pe0 R So.1.0) 2 + (0 .1) E = 3. Electric flux density in terms of field intensity is defined as SOL 2.dV =-c 2 V + 2 V + 2 V m 2 x 2 y 2 z 6y 3x 3 ay =-=cy2 z3 + 2 2 2 m a x + c 2xyz + 2 x + 2y + 3z x + 2y2 + 3z2 m 9z +c 3xy2 z2 + 2 az x + 2y 2 + 3 z 2 m G So.14 cos q + 14 cos q r r =0 SOL 2.4 .1. z =. rv = d : D = 2x So total charge enclosed by the cube is co m .e.24 -6 Thus V = 10 : 1 .4ay .9 V 4pe0 5.3 .e. 2 2 1 Option (B) is correct. at the point P (x = 3. E =.27 Q = # r dv v = # # # (2x) (dxdydz) 0 0 -1 = 4 # 2 # 2 = 14 C SOL 2.

2. at point P (3. Laplace’s equation for a scalar function V is defined as d2 V = 0 but at the point of maxima d2 V must have a negative value while at the point of minima d2 V must have a positive value.nodia. co m Option (C) is correct. . r = y ) = 6sin 90c (.6ax + 11. 0) is Qd (q =+ 1 C ) F = (1) 62 cos2 qar + sin qaq@ 4pe0 r3 Qd ( q = 90c.1. a q =. .Qd az = 4pe0 y3 lp. So the condition of maxima/minima doesn’t satisfy the Laplace’s equation.co.az . Electric force experienced by a point charge q located in the field E is defined as F = qE So.314.1.35. y. therefore the potential function will have neither a maxima nor a minima inside the defined region.4ay .az )@ 4pe0 r3 .1).Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 91 For View Only Shop Online at www. ga te he Option (D) is correct. the force applied at the point charge + 1 C located at (0.4ax + 101ay .in D = e0 E So.31 SOL 2.6az ) = 31.32 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.5az pC/m2 SOL 2. D = e0 (3.

0. So. 0).9 2 a =0 y y (y .ax + ay h ^BC h 9 -a + a 1 9 -9 E2 = kQ ^ x # yh 3 = 9 # 10 # b 2 l # 10 3 = BC 4 2 ^ 1 + 1h So.0) due to the two point charges located at points A(1. . we have E1 + E 2 + E 3 = 0 9 a . 0) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2. y.e. 0 ) respectively as shown in figure.in Electric field due to the charge located at point A is ^ax + ay h 9 a +a E1 = kQ AC 3 = 9 # 109 b 1 l # 10-9 # ^ x yh 3 = 2 AC 4 2 ^ 1 + 1h and the electric field due to charge at point B is ^. 3. E1 + E2 = 9 ^ax + ay h + 9 ^.1) and since the total electric field must be zero So.1 Option (A) is correct.92 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only SOLUTIONS 2.0.2 Shop Online at www. For determining the position of the third charge. . Consider the position of the third charge is (0. 9 109 # ( 2 ) # 10-9 E3 = # (.1 as discussed above y > 1.1.ax + ay h = 9 ay 2 2 4 2 4 2 As the field is directed in ay direction so for making E = 0 the third charge of + 2 nC must be placed on y -axis at any point y > 1.1) 2 2 2 (y .1) 2 = 4 or y = 3 .9 2 2 ay (y . so the point will be located at y = 3 i. Point P will have the coordinate (0.ay)=. co m SOL 2. electric field at point C due to the third charge is.nodia. first of all we evaluate the total electric field at the given point C (0.0) and B (.1. g at e he lp.co.1) 2 (y .

nodia.4 Option (C) is correct. so.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 93 SOL 2. we take the positive value of an . For View Only Shop Online at www. E = s an = -9 5 2e0 2 (10 /36p) 36p 3a + 4a = 67.2.3 SOL 2. Horizontal component of the electric field intensity will be cancelled due to the uniform distribution of charge in the circular loop.2 Option (A) is correct. Electric flux density produced at a distance r from a point charge Q located at origin is defined as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Electric field intensity at any point P due to the uniformly charged plane with charge density rS is defined as r E = s an 2e0 where an is the unit vector normal to the plane directed toward point P Since the unit vector normal to any plane f = 0 is defined as 4f an = ! 4f So.85a + 90.in SOL 2. 3) f > 0 . ga te E = 1 rL (2pr) 2 z 2 3/2 az 4pe0 ^r + z h = (9 # 109) # (2 # 10-9) # (2p # 4) 3 3/2 a z ^42 + 32h = 9 # 2 # 2p # 4 # 3 az = 12. So the net electric field will have only the component in az direction and defined as below : lp.48a V/m = x y yh 4 ^ x co m .2.co. we have the unit vector normal to the given charged plane 3x + 4y = 0 as 3a + 4 a y 3a + 4a y ( f = 3x + 4y ) an = ! x 2 =! x 2 5 3 +4 Since at point (1. 0.2. (2 # 10-9) 3ax + 4ay r b l ( rS = 2 nC/m2 ) Therefore.56az V/m 125 he Option (A) is correct.

2.94 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only D = Shop Online at www. Given the electric flux density D = x2 yax + y2 x2 ay C/m2 So.x2 y dydz + at x = 1.2. g So. # # 1 0 co . 1 . E 6z @1 + :x D 6z @1 =. y = x2 y dydz + lp. right y =-. div D = d : D = c 2 ax + 2 ay + 2 az m : ^x2 ya x + y2 x2 a y h 2x 2y 2z 2 d : D = 62xy + 2x y@ (center of the cube is located at b 1 . SOL 2.6 Option (A) is correct.x2 y2 dxdz + # # 0 1 1 0 x2 y2 dxdz ww =- # # ydydz + # # 0 0 2 1 0 3 1 1 1 1 1 0 x2 dxdz at y = 0. front ( dS is normal vector to surface) y = D : dS The closed cube has total eight surfaces but as the vector field has no component in az direction so we have the integrals only through the four separate surfaces as shown in the figure # he 1 0 w. 1 l) =1+1 = 3 2 2 2 2 4 4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .in Q ar 4p r 2 So. left at y = 1. back 1 0 m # # 1 0 .1 2 5 2 0 0 3 0 0 4 SOL 2.co. The total flux leaving the closed surface is at e # # 0 1 1 0 at x = 0.1 # 1 + 1 # 1 =.nodia.5 Option (D) is correct. the divergence of the electric flux density is Q =0 d : D = 12 2 cr2 r 4pr2 m r2 So it is 0 for all the points but at origin (r = 0) its divergence can’t be defined.

7 Option (A) is correct.2 m ) = 20r = 4 nC/m3 SOL 2. ga te Option (B) is correct. Given the moment p = 4pe0 az C.10 Option (A) is correct.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 95 For View Only Shop Online at www. Option (D) is correct. Again from the given data we have the electric flux density at r = 1 m as D = 2/r2 a r nC/m2 So. given that the z -component of electric field is zero i.3c will have the electric field component Ez = 0 . 2) is zero so.sin2 q = 0 6 @ r3 Ez = 0 2 cos2 q .m ) E = 13 ^2 cos qar + sin qa q h r Now. the electric potential at GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2. f) produced due to an electric dipole lying along z -axis and having the dipole moment p in az direction is defined as p E = (2 cos qar + sin qa q) 4pe0 r3 ( p = 4pe0 az C.2.9 1 2 cos q (a : a ) + sin q (a : a ) = 0 6 r z q z @ r3 1 2 cos2 q . SOL 2. p/2.nodia.2.in SOL 2. q.7c or 125.3c Therefore the conical surface of angle q = 54. the volume charge density at r = 1 m is rv = d : D = 12 2 cr2 b 2 l m = 0 r r2 r2 co m . Electric field intensity produced at a distance r from an infinite line charge with charge density rL is defined as rL E = 2pe0 r and since the electric potential at point (1.co.2 m as D = 5r2 a r nC/m2 According to Gauss law the volume charge density at any point is equal to the divergence of the flux density at that point.sin2 q = 0 1 1 + 3 cos 2q = 0 @ 26 Thus q = 54. From the given data we have the electric flux density at r = 0.m The electric field intensity at any point (r.e.8 SOL 2.2 m as rv = d : D = 12 2 ^r2 (5r2)h = 12 # 5 # 4r3 r r2 r (r = 0.7c or q = 125.2. so we have the volume charge density at r = 0. Ez = E : az = 0 he lp.

nodia. r = 0 and r = 3 d 2 V =.11 Option (A) is correct.12 Option (B) is correct. z) will be equal to the integral of the electric field from point (1. f.13 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. V =dr + C = 2 1 + C r +4 (r2 + 4) 2 dV = 0 At maxima. V =. Electric potential at any point for a given electric field E is defined as . As calculated in the previous question.2. 2) to the point to (r. # # SOL 2.e. p/2. the electric potential at point (r. f and z has not been considered. f. Electric potential at a distance R from a dipole having moment p is defined as p:R V = 4pe0 R 3 So we have the potential at point A due to the dipole located at point B as: SOL 2.2.e.2.L ln (r)D 2pe0 r 2pe0 1 (1. dr -1 # 2r = 0 (r2 + 4) 2 Solving the equation we get. (r. electric potential is V1 = 1 + C 4 and at r = 2 electric potential is V2 = 1 + C 8 So potential difference between the two surfaces is : V12 = b 1 + C l . co # m SOL 2. at e he # lp.E : dl + C Now given the electric field intensity in spherical coordinate system E = 2 2r 2 a r (r + 4) and since the differential displacement in the spherical system is given as dl = drar + rdra q + r sin qdfaf So we have the electric potential 2r .E : dl =. g i.in point (r.co.b 1 + C l = 1 volt 8 2 4 Option (C) is correct. f) is V = 21 +C r +4 So at r = 0 . q. z).96 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.ve at r = 0 dr2 So the electric potential will be maximum at origin. 2) 1 1 = 18 ln 1 ( rL =+ 1 nC ) V = 2 # 10-9 # 9 # 109 ln b l brl r Note: Since the infinite line charge has the equipotential cylindrical surface so for taking the line integral. z) r r r r i. p/2.b L l dr = :. f. V =.

the work done in carrying charge q =+ 2 C from point A ^1.nodia. The work done in carrying a charge q from point A to point B in the field E is defined as W =.ay + 2az l : (ax + ay + 8az ) # 10 = 4pe0 ( 12 + 12 + 82 ) 3 = 0. 1/2. 0) is W =. (Q = 20 nC ) Option (A) is correct. # 4 x=1 2ydx + # 1 y = 1/2 The curve along which the charge is being carried is given as y = x & x = 2y2 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia co 2xdyE m . 1.2.15 he lp.2 . Since the charge is being split and placed on a circular loop so the distance of all the newly formed point charges from the center of the loop will be equal as shown in the figure. ga te Therefore.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 97 For View Only V = p : AB 4pe0 AB 3 Shop Online at www. 3h to the point B (4.co. ww w.q # E : dl A B Given the electric field intensity in the cartesian system as E = 2yax + 2xay and since the differential displacement in cartesian system is given as dl = dxax + dyay + dzaz So.in 3 -9 b 5 ax .2.6 V SOL 2.14 Option (B) is correct. the potential at the center of the loop will be Q/4 (20 # 10-9) 9 V = 4c m = (9 # 10 ) # 5 4pe0 r = 36 V SOL 2.

2 .4 . the work done is now we put x = r cos f . B. we have W =.2 # 0 .in # 4 1 2 _ x/2 i dx + # 1 1/2 2 ^2y2h dyE 4 =.5 J SOL 2.2.4 . The work done in carrying a charge q from one point to other point in the field E is defined as and since the differential displacement for the defined circular arc is dl = rdfaf as obtained from the figure he W =. y = r sin f and ax : af =.co. g W =. 2 6x3/2@1 + 2 6y3@1/2E =.sin f . Shop Online at www.17 Option (A) is correct. C is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww .15.2.7 2 + 7 E 1 3 3 3 12 =.2 f=0 W =.yay) : (rdfaf) m w.nodia.16 Option (B) is correct.q # E : dl at e p/4 So.2r2 sin f cos fdf =. ay : af = cos f in the expression to get lp.98 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Therefore.2 # 1 # . Consider the last charge is being placed at corner D so the potential at D due to the charges placed at the corners A.sin (2f) df 0 p/4 ( r = 1) =+ 1 J SOL 2. # (xa p/4 x co .

36 = 48.2.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 99 For View Only Shop Online at www.2.18 Option (A) is correct. co m SOL 2.36 nJ So the total work done in assembling the whole configuration of four charges is W = W1 + W2 + W3 + W4 = 0 + 9 + 15. Consider the first charge is being placed at A so the potential at A will be zero as there is no any charge present at any of the corner and therefore the work done in carrying the first charge is W1 = 0 now consider the second charge is being placed at B so the potential at B will be only due to the charge at corner A q i.19 Option (A) is correct.co.72 nJ .36 volt As the potential at infinity is zero so the work done in carrying the last charge from infinity to the fourth corner is (q = 1 nC ) W = qV = 10-9 # 24.36 = 24. The work done in carrying a charge q from point A to point B in the field E is defined as W =.nodia.e. ga te / # E : dl A B he lp.e.e.36 + 24.q GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in q = 10 <1 + 1 + 1F V = 1 4pe0 1 4pe0 r 2 1 = (9 # 109) # 10-9 # c 2 + 1 m 2 = 34.36 nJ / -9 SOL 2. W4 = 24. V2 = 4pe0 a and therefore the work done in placing the second charge at B is q W2 = qV2 = q b 4pe0 a l -18 = 1 # 10 = 9 nJ 1 4pe0 and similarly the potential at the corner C will be due to the charges at corners A and B q 10-9 1 i. = + 1 m V3 = 1 4pe0 r 4pe0 c 1 2 therefore the work done in placing the third charge at C is W3 = qV3 = q = 1 c1 + 1 mG 4pe0 2 9 -18 = (9 # 10 ) # 10 c 1 + 1m 2 and the work done in placing the last charge at D has already been calculated in previous question i.

now the potential at point B due to the charge at A is qA V = 1 4pe0 AB 3 10-6 (qA = 1 mC) = 9 # 109 = 9 # 10 126 52 + 102 + 12 So the work done in transferring the charge + 2 mC at point B is W = qB V 3 (qB = 2 mC ) = (2 # 10-3) # c 9 # 10 m 126 = 1.in q = 2C E = sin fa r + (z + 1) r cos faf + r sin faz and since the given points A and B have r1 = r2 = 2 and z1 = z2 = 1 so the differential displacement in the cylindrical coordinate system from A to B may be given as for 0 < f < 30c.8 # 1 =.3. g / at e he lp.20 SOL 2. 6.co. f = 0c _^z + 1h r cos f i (rdf) SOL 2.4 J 2 . dl = rdfaf Therefore the work done is.nodia. co m =. W =. Consider the + 1 mC charge is transferred first.2.2 # (1 + 1) # (2) 2 # 6sin f@30c 0c Option (D) is correct.2 # 30c =.604 J Option (B) is correct.21 The total potential energy stored in the system is given by 4 W = 1 qn Vn 2n=1 where qn is the charges at the four corners and Vn is the total electric potential at the corresponding corners.2. from infinity to the given point A (.100 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Given that Shop Online at www. For the 1st corner : GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. 0) so the work done for transferring the charge will be zero as there is no charge initially present.

23 Option (A) is correct.944 # 10 4 V Since all the charges are equal so the potential will be same at all the corners and therefore the total potential energy stored in the system of the charges is W = 1 # 4 ^q1 V1h 2 = 2 # (8 # 10-9) # (1.2. V31 and V41 are the potential at the 1st corner due to the charges q2 .1 2 1 1 .5. 1. 4 12 2 + 2 14 2 + 2 12 4 E 2 x yz 2 xy z xyz Therefore the total energy stored in the cube is WE = 1 e0 2 2 2 1 . Energy density in a certain region in free space having electric field intensity E is defined as wE = 1 e0 E : E 2 and since the electric field is equal to the negative gradient of the potential so we have E =. 4 12 2 + 2 14 2 + 2 12 4 E 2 x yz xy z xyz So. q 3 and q 4 respectively q q3 q So. dv 2 2 2 1 co 1 1 1 .1 2 dydz = e0 .x 4 y2 z2 + x2 y 4 z2 + x2 y2 z 4 E dxdydz m .5) 2 (1.in Charge. V1 = V21 + V31 + V41 where V21 .5) 2 E GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he #w E # # # 1 1 # # lp.01 2 0.312 mJ SOL 2.dV V V V =-.co. ga te WE = Option (C) is correct. (q2 = q 3 = q 4 = 8 nC ) V1 = 1 : 2 + + 4 4pe0 0. q1 = 8 nC and potential. 1.944 # 10 4) = 0.nodia.18 # 10-13 J 2 (1.2 ax + 2 ay + 2 azE 2 2 2 x y z 1 a + 1 a + 1 a V/m =.01 2 0.5) the energy density is 3 wE = 1 e0 .22 ww w.1 .2.5.5) 4 (1. b 3 l x3 y2 z2 xy 4 z2 xy2 z 4 E 1 e0 3 7 = 12. = 5.01F = 1. As calculated in the above question energy density at any point inside the cube is wE = 1 e0 .01D -9 1 = 8 # 10 < 1 + + 1 4pe0 0.68 10-13 J = # # # 2 96 SOL 2.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 101 For View Only Shop Online at www.01 0. 2 x y z x yz xy2 z xyz2 E So the energy density inside the cube will be wE = 1 e0 (E : E) = 1 e0 .01 0. at the centre of the cube (1.

the electric field at a distance r from the center is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2.102 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.25 Option (A) is correct.2. V (r) \ r The graph of V (r) will be as : Q r =.nodia.24 Option (A) is correct.1 # 4pe r 3 r (Taking 3 as a reference point) . So. g at e he lp.co.D 4pe0 r 3 co m # E : dl Q dr =. For determining the electric field inside the spherical region at distance r (# R) from the centre of sphere we construct a Gaussian surface as shown in the figure. Q = 1 # r 4pe0 1 So.in SOL 2. the electric field at distance r from the centre of the sphere will be : Q (For r 2 R ) E = 1 2 4pe0 r So the electric potential at the point will be : V (r) =r 0 3 2 SOL 2.1 :. So the surface integral of the electric field over the Gaussian surface is given as 4 pr 3 E (4pr2) = 1 Qenc = 1 >Q e 43 3 oH e0 e0 3 pR So. The charged sphere will be treated as a point charge for the field at any point outside the sphere.

ar h where e is the charge of an electron.R R (R = 1 m . The total stored energy inside a region having charge density rv and potential V is defined as WE = 1 rv Vdv 2 As calculated in previous question the electric potential at any point inside the sphere is 2 2 Q 1 V (r) = .nodia.26 Therefore the total energy stored inside the sphere is 1 Q 1 1 (3 .13 b r . Q = 1 C) = 3 # 1 # 4p (3r2 .R .r 4) dr 8p 2 0 4pe0 5 1 = 3 :r3 .r2) (4pr2 dr) WE = 1 e 4 D 2 0 3 pR3 o: 4pe0 # 2 ww w. g is acceleration due to gravity and ar is radial direction of earth. V (r) =-.2.1 # 10-31h # 9. E1 : dr + # R #E R r 2 : dr E 3 where SOL 2.57 # 10-11 V/m e 1.6 # 10-19 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he # lp.e.r D 16pe0 5 0 9 = 3 # 4 = 3 # 9 # 10 # 4 = 27 # 109 = 24.R lE 2 4pe0 . ga te # Option (C) is correct.co. i.in Q r Q (for r # R ) a E = 1 2 c r 3 m ar = e0 R 4pe0 R3 r 4p r Therefore the electric potential at the point P will be the line integral of the field intensity from infinity to the point P i. # # m .4 # 109 J 5 16pe0 5 4#5 SOL 2.8 mg E = e = = 15. ^9. e ^E h = me g ^. V (r) decreases with increase in r . me is the mass of electron.R2 = . taking the magnitude only we have the required field intensity.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 3 103 For View Only Shop Online at www. Q = 1 C) = 1 :1 (3 . The electric field to counter act the gravitational force must produce the same force as applied by gravity but in opposite direction.2. So.27 Option (B) is correct.r2)D 4pe0 2 # 1 (R = 1 m .R3 b 2 lE 4pe0 So. co E1 " electric field outside the sphere as calculated in previous question. E2 " electric field inside the sphere R 1 Q dr + r 1 Q r dr V (r) =-= c 4pe0 R3 m G 2 3 4pe0 r R Q 1 1 r2 .e.

.b 4 l + b 4 l E and since Enet = 0 so we have 1 3/2 3k 1k b 4 l # ^16h 4 4 + =0 3 2 + 1 2 3/2 3 2 + 1 2 3/2 ^2 h3/2 .2.b 4 l + b 4 l E . w. g 1 3 b1a + 1a l b.b 4 l b 4 l E Solving the equation we get SOL 2.b 4 l b 4 l E .D 4pe0 x 4pe0 x 4pe0 x a we get Since x >> a . neglecting higher powers of a k x ww Option (D) is correct. 0.4 a z l 1 Q 4 y 4 z + kQ 4 y 4 z + kQ 4 = 4pe0 1 2 1 2 3/2 3 2 1 2 3/2 1 2 3 2 3/2 ... 0h as Q 2Q Q E = 2 2 + 4pe0 x 4pe0 ^x .104 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only SOL 2. EB and EC respectively.in Consider the electric field intensity produced at point P b 0. 1 .co.a h 4pe0 ^x + a h2 Q 2Q Q 2a a 2 2a a 2 = 2 :1 + x + 3 a x k + .28 Option (D) is correct.3 a + 1 a l b ay . at e he k = 15.x + 3 a x k . 1 l due to the charges 4 4 located at points A. B and C respectively as shown in figure is EA .59 So the net electric field at point P is Enet = EA + EB + EC and since the electric field intensity at any distance R from a point charge Q is Q R defined as E = 4pe0 R 3 So Enet = 1 =Q PA 3 + kQ PB 3 + kQ PC 3 G 4pe0 PB PC PA lp.29 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia So the electric field at point ^x.. Taking only magnitude we have the net electric field intensity at ^x.D 2 + 2 :1 .. The point charges can be represented as shown below. 0. co m .b 4 l + b 4 l E ..2. 0h will be directed along x -axis. Shop Online at www.nodia.

co m .85 # 10 h d 2 r =.1 # 10 h^8.2a + 3 a a k D + x x x x 4pe0 x2 : 4pe0 x2 4pe0 x2 : 6Qa2 6Qa2 = m 4 = Kc 4pe0 x x4 SOL 2.30 SOL 2. the electric field intensity will be rv b 4 pr3 l 3 r 1 E = ar = v a r k ar e0 3 e0 4pr2 # he lp.1.77 # 10-11 C/m3 So the force acting on electron when it is at a distance r from the center of the sphere is (e is the charge of an electron) F = eE 2 r (me is mass of an electron) me d r = e v a r k e0 3 dt2 -19 -11 d 2 r = ^. According to Gauss law the surface integral of electric field intensity over a Gaussian surface is defined as E : dS = 1 Qenc e0 So for the Gaussian surface outside the sphere at a distance r (2 R) from the centre of the sphere we have r ( 4 pR3) (there is no charge outside the sphere) E (4pr2) = v 3 e0 Therefore at any point outside the sphere r ^> Rh the electric field intensity will be rv ^ 4 pR3h rv R3 3 E = 2 m ar 2 ar = e c 0 3r 4pe0 r and for the Gaussian surface inside the sphere at a distance r (# R) from the center of the sphere we have r ( 4 pr3) E (4pr2) = v 3 e0 Therefore at any point inside the sphere.2. R = 3 m ) rv = 4 = 2 4# 103 3 3 pR 3 p ^3h = 1.nodia. The electric field at any point inside a charged solid sphere is r E = v a r k ar e0 3 where r is the distance from center of the sphere and rv is the volume charge density given as -9 Q (Q = 2 nC . ga te Option (A) is correct.17 1011 r ^ h # dt2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2.31 Option (C) is correct.77 # 10 h r #3 2 -31 -12 dt ^9.in 2 2 Q 2Q Q E = 1 + 2a + 3 a a k D 1 .2.6 # 10 h^1. As discussed in Q.55.co.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 105 For View Only Shop Online at www.

17 # 1011 11 f = 1. i. # GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e Option (D) is correct.17 1011 r = 0 ^ h # dt2 Solving the differential equation we have . g # D : dS = Q enc So the total electric field flux emanating flux from the line charge between x = 0 and x = 1 m is rL ^1 h rL Q E : dS = enc = = e0 e0 e0 and by symmetry.44 # 10 4 Hz = 54.17 # 1011 t h at t = 1 m sec r = 2. at t = 0 .32 SOL 2.4 KHz 2p Option (B) is correct. A1 = 3 again at t = 0 . 2pf = 1.nodia.33 According to Gauss law the total outward flux through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by it.17 # 1011 t h + A2 sin ^ 1.83 m m ..co. co For View Only Shop Online at www. Now. he lp.106 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 SOL 2. dr = 0 as the electron is released from rest.2. flux through the defined surface will be one fourth of the total electric field flux emanating from the defined portion . r = 3 m as the electron is located at one end of the hole.(i) r = A1 cos ^ 1. The portion of the plane y + z = 1 m lying in the first octant bounded by the planes x = 0 and x = 1 m has been shown in the figure through which we have to determine the total electric field flux.in 2 d r + 1..e. As calculated in above question the position of the electron at any time t is r = 3 cos ^ 1. y = ww w.2. So putting it in equation (i) we get.17 # 1011 t h where A1 and A2 are constants.17 # 10 = 5.17 # 1011 t h So.. dr So putting it in equation (i) we get A2 = 0 Thus the position of electron at any time t is r = 3 cos ^ 1.

in the electric flux crossing the surface = # E : dS 4 = rL 4e0 Note: It must be kept in mind that the total electric flux is total electric field flux is SOL 2.5 # 10 R2 2e0 2e0 So the net electric field at point P is -9 Enet = 5 # 10 ^R1 .5 nC/m3h As calculated in MCQ. one of radius 5 m and the other of radius 2 m. Now we make the use of superposition to evaluate the electric field at point P by considering the given charge distribution as the sum of two uniformly distributed cylindrical charges.R 2 = C = a x -9 So. Shop Online at www. ga te he lp. while E2 is the electric field intensity at point P due to charged cylinder of radius 2 m that has the charge density ^.2. Thus we obtain the net electric field at point P as Enet = E1 + E2 where E1 is the electric field intensity at point P due to the uniformly charged cylinder of radius 5 m that has the charge density ^5 nC/m3h.61 the electric field intensity at a distance r from the cylindrical axes having uniform charge density rv is r E = vr e0 2 -9 r So we have E1 = v R1 = 5 # 10 R1 2e0 2e0 -9 r and E2 = v R2 = .R2h 2e0 By the triangle law of vector (separation = 1 m ) R1 .Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 107 For View Only i. co m .nodia. Consider a point P inside the cylindrical surface of 2 m as shown in figure. Enet = 5 # 10 ^ax h = 282.34 # D : dS while the # E : dS Option (D) is correct. and such that the total charge in the hole is zero.co.5ax V/m 2e0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.e.

V =. # # lp.l= R2 .. he .v .R D 3e0 r 3 3e0 2 R 3e0 3e0 2 2 R 2 rv 3R2 r2 rv = .55. # co # # # m # Given the total charge on the disk is Q = 900p mC = 900p # 10-6 C radius of the disk is a =6m and since the charge has been distributed uniformly over the surface so the small charge element dQ on the disk at a distance r from the center as shown in figure is given as Q 10-6 rdrdf dQ = b l dS = 900p # 2 ^ h S p ^6 h = 25 # 10-6 rdrdf The force applied by the charge element dQ on the 150 mC charge located at point P is (150 # 10-6) dQ (150 # 10-6) dQ dF = = R2 (r2 + 16) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.e.2.1 D .1E = v 3e0 3e0 r l 3 and the electric potential at any point inside the sphere ^r # Rh is 3 R R r r r r v R v l V =-. As we have calculated the electric field for the same distribution in Q.v :r . E : dl + E : dl E =b l dl 2 dr R 3 R e0 3 3 e0 3r 2 R r R3 r 2 r r R3 r 2 =.co.in SOL 2.r l 3e0 b 2 2 2e0 b 3 i. So we evaluate the electric potential by taking the line integral of the field intensity.1 D .nodia. g at e SOL 2.E : dl =c 3l 2 m dl 3 3 e0 3 r rR r R3 =.v :.2.v :.35 Option (A) is correct.v :l D =.E : dl Z rv r ] a k a r for r # R ] e0 3 E =[ 3 ] rv c R 2 m a r for r > R ] e0 3r \ The electric potential at any point outside the sphere ^r > Rh is 3 r r r v R V =.108 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.36 Option (B) is correct.

2.co. ga te he Option (D) is correct.ay h + s ^.nodia.37 SOL 2..Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 109 For View Only Shop Online at www.5 ay ^an =.83 # 10-3 N e0 Option (B) is correct. co m . As the test charge is placed at point ^2. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.s ay =.ay h 2e0 2e0 and electric field intensity at origin due to sheet at y =. Electric field at any point due to infinite surface charge distribution is defined as r E = s an 2e0 where rs " surface charge density an " unit vector normal to the sheet directed toward the point where field is to be determined.38 SOL 2. it will be constant as we move away from the sheet.44 N r + 16 0 # # SOL 2.2 E = 9.5 # 10 ay 2e0 2e0 2e0 2e0 So. So it will be in the region y > + 1 for which electric field is given as E = E+1 + E-1 r r (for both the sheet an = ay ) = s ^ay h + s ^ay h 2e0 2e0 -9 2 # ^5 # 10-9h = ay = 5 # 10 ay 2e0 e0 Therefore the net force on the charge will be -9 F = qE = ^5 # 10-6hc 5 # 10 m ay = 2.ay h =.2.5 ay + 5 ay = 0 2e0 2e0 lp. At origin electric field intensity due to sheet at y =+ 1 is r E1 = s ^.39 Option (D) is correct. 4h. 5. Since the electric field intensity due to a sheet charge is defined as r E = s an 2e0 So it doesn’t depend on the distance from the sheet and given as E = E+1 + E-1 -9 r r r = s ^.2.1 is r E-1 = s ^ay h = 5 ay ^an = ay h 2e0 2e0 So net field intensity at origin is E = E+1 + E-1 =.ay h =.in As the disk has uniformly distributed charge so the horizontal component of the field is get cancelled and the net force will have the only component in az direction and the net force by projection on z -axis is given as 6 ^150 # 10-6h^25 # 10-6 rdrdf h 2p 4 F = # d r2 + 16 n 2 4pe0 ^r + 16h f=0 r=0 6 1 F = 270p .

43 Option (D) is correct.110 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.in SOL 2. So according to Gauss’s law at e he lp. co 5 1 k ^4ph^3r2 . For any point inside the sphere when we draw a symmetrical spherical surface (Gaussian surface) then the charge enclosed is zero as all the charge is concentrated on the surface of the hollow sphere.r D = 4pk :1 .2. 50 mC Q i.41 # r dv v = # 1 Q1 = Q 2 8p = SOL 2. y = = = 25 mC 2 2 Option (D) is correct. we have or SOL 2. Total charge before redistribution.r2h 4pr2 dr . Now consider the complete spherical surface defined by r = 48 m through which the total flux is equal to the point charge.1 D 5 0 5 0 k = 3.5 # 1 m r=0 k ^3 .co. As the charge is redistributed so the total charge will remain same on the sphere. g # = Qenc Option (B) is correct. Electric field intensity at any point due to uniform surface charge distribution is defined as r E = s an 2e0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww e0 E : dS = rv dv = 0 therefore E = 0 at any point inside the hollow sphere. According to Gauss’s law the total electric flux through any closed surface is equal to the total charge enclosed by the volume.2.2. Q1 = rv dv = ^6 C/m3hb 4 p ^1 h3 l (rv = 6 C/m2) 3 = 8p Coulomb and total charge after redistribution # Q2 = Since So.42 SOL 2.nodia.40 Option (D) is correct. So the total flux passing through the hemispherical surface will be half of the point charge.2. now at any point outside the sphere at a distance r from the center when we draw a symmetrical closed surface(Gaussian surface) then the charge enclosed is Qenc = rs ^4pR2h and according to Gauss’s law e0 # # E : dS e0 E ^4pR2h = rs ^6pR2h 2 r E = s c R2 m ar e0 r w.r 4h dr = 4pk :r3 .e.

20 V/m 2 y For the interval . V = 20 ^t + 3h V Ey =-2 =.e.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 111 For View Only where Shop Online at www.e. the y -component of the field is V Ey =-2 2 y Now. Ey =-2 = 20 V/m 2 y For the interval 1 # y # 2 . co m rs " surface charge density an " unit vector normal to the sheet directed toward the point where field is to be determined. E = E 0 ax So the force applied on the electrons will be F = eE =-^1. V =.nodia.2 az e0 2e0 2e0 2e0 Option (D) is correct.1 # y # + 1.3 # y # .az h ^an =.d V So. The electric field intensity due to the upper plate will be EU = 2 ^.2 # y # .20t V So. ga te = 2 ^.6 # 10-19h E GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.44 SOL 2. Ey =-2 = 0 2 y For the interval .2 .2 ^az hD =.3h V So. Now let the electric field is applied in ax direction i.co.45 Option (A) is correct. V = 20 V So. Since the electrons are moving with equal but opposite velocities so assume that their velocities are + v 0 ax and .2.4 az =.az h + :. for the interval . V =. Electric field intensity at any point is equal to the negative gradient of electric potential at the point i.20 So Ey = 0 For the interval 2 # y # 3 . V = 20 ^t .2 ^az h ^an = az h 2e0 So the net field between the plates is E = EU + El . E =.1.30 V/m 2 y Therefore.az h 2e0 and the field intensity due to lower plate will be El =.v 0 ax . Ey =-2 =.in SOL 2. he lp. the plot field component Ey with respect to y for the defined intervals will be same as in option (A).2.

is 2 2 K.1 mv 1 2 2 2 -19 2 2 1 ^1. change in the velocity ^1.ax direction will change to ^1.. The four charges located at the corners of square 4 cm has been shown in figure below : GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp.6 # 10-19h E 0 dt v2 =.6 # 10-19h E 0 dt ^1.. -9 co m h^240ay h = 19. so Gain in K. the electric field acting on the line charge at y = 3 m due to the line charge located at y =.v 0 ax ax m ^1.ELoss = 1 mv 0 . is 2 2 K.6 # 10 h E 0 ^dt h -19 .6 # 10 h E 0 dt 2 m Again the velocity of electron moving in .EGain > K.47 Option (D) is correct.E.ELoss Shop Online at www.v 0 E ax m m Since velocity deceases so loss in K..112 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only ww w.6 # 10-19h E 0 dt ax dv =^dt h =m m So. the force per unit length exerted on the line charge located at y = 3 m is at e m dv =-^1.v 0 + E ax m Since velocity increases.1 mv 0 2 2 2 2 ^1.6 # 10-19h E 0 dt =-. g F = 1 z=0 L SOL 2.EGain = 1 mv 2 .2.46 Option (B) is correct. the velocity of electron moving in + ax direction will change to ^1.6 # 10-19h E 0 dt + 1 2 m Comparing eq (1) and eq (2) we get K.2. r = 6 mh 2pe0 ^6 h = 240ay V/m Therefore.(i) = ^1..(2) = ^1.2ay mN . So.E.3 m is -9 E = 80 # 10 ay ^rL = 80 nC.co. The electric field intensity produced at a distance r from a line charge of density rL is defined as rL E = a 2pe0 r r where a r is unit vector directed toward point P along r.in # ^r dz h^E h = ^80 # 10 he SOL 2.6 # 10-19h E 0 dt v1 = v 0 a x ax = .nodia. a r = ay.6 # 10-19h E ^1.6 # 10-19h E 0 ^dt h2 .6 # 10-19h E dt therefore.

ga te The net potential at the charge located at A due to the other three charges is q q q VA = 1 a B + C + D k 4pe0 AB AC AD 1 1 1 = 9 # 109 # 1. the electric potential at all the corners will be VB = VC = VD = VA = 730.in GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.8 # 10 c 2 + 1 m 4 2 = 730. co m .co.nodia.92 Volt Therefore.2 # 10-9h # ^730. the net potential energy stored in the system is given as 1 qV = 1 q V + q V + q V + q V W = B B C C D Dh 2 2^ A A = 1 # 4 # ^1.92h 2 = 3.75 mJ / *********** he lp.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 113 For View Only Shop Online at www.2 # 10-9 c + + 4 # 10-2 4 2 # 10-2 4 # 10-2 m 2 = 10.92 Volt Similarly.

A is assumed very high in comparison to the separation d between the plates. At point a1.e.az E2 = ay + 3az E 3 = 2ax .co. d GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. E1 = ax + 2ay . rv = ^1 h cos2 a k 2 4 k 4 Option (C) is correct. g 2 2 y2 0 z2 0 =-=x + + 2 1 2 2 2 3G =. the potential difference between point X and Y is .1 622 .1 Option (B) is correct.# E : dl = X Y #1 2 xdx + co 0 #2 ydy + #3 zdz m 0 SOL 2.114 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only SOLUTIONS 2.nodia.5 Option (D) is correct. VXY =. 3 .22 + 02 . Q2 and Q 3 are respectively. SOL 2.2 SOL 2. Charge density at any point in terms of electric flux density D is defined as rv = d : D Since.3. A . D = zr ^cos2 fh az C/m2 So. For an ideal capacitance the area of plates.3 SOL 2.ay So.3. the electric field intensity.3 Shop Online at www. we get rv = d : D = 2 6zr ^cos2 fh az@ = r cos2 f C/m3 2 z p = 1 = 0.32@ = 5 2 Option (B) is correct.in SOL 2. Given. Given the electric field vector at point P due to the three charges Q1 . Electric field intensity E is a vector quantity while the electric potential V is a scalar quantity.4 Option (B) is correct.5 C/m3 p.12 + 02 .3.3 i.3. the net field intensity at point P is E = E1 + E2 + E 3 = 3ax + 5ay + 2az at e he lp.3. E = xax + yay + zaz dl = ax dx + ay dy + az dz So.

By using method of images. So. For a pair of line charges equipotential surface exists where the normal distance from both the line charges are same. m Option (D) is correct.7 Option (C) is correct.nodia. .8 Option (D) is correct. the fringing effect at the plates edges can be neglected and therefore. we get the capacitance between the parallel plates as C = eA 4d So A and R both true and R is correct explanation of A.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 115 For View Only Shop Online at www. SOL 2. From Maxwell’s equation we have B d # E =-2 2 t d # E =.2 ^d # Ah ^B = d # Ah 2 t d # bE + 2 Al = 0 2 t GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3. SOL 2. co SOL 2. SOL 2.6 This is the similar case to method of images. the conducting surfaces are being replaced by the image of charge distribution which gives a system of charge distribution. Here it is given that the potential functions V1 and V2 satisfy Laplace’s equation within a closed region and has the same value at its boundary so both the functions are identical.3. in solving boundary value problems we can avoid solving Laplace’s or Poission’s equation and directly apply the method of images to solve it.9 Option (D) is correct. Thus both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.in So.3. the plane surface between the two line charges will be equipotential. ga te he lp.co. According to uniqueness theorem : If a solution to Laplace’s equation (a) be found that satisfies the boundary condition then the solution is unique.3. So.

3. we get E + 2 A =.in Since. g The point P is located at ^6.ax Therefore.116 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.dV in time valeying field therefore A and R both are true and R is the correct explanation of A. Consider the coaxial cylinder is located along z -axis. the curl of a gradient of a scalar field is identically zero.2 Va r (Since all other derivatives will be zero) 2 r at e he lp.nodia.dV 2 t i. So at any point between the two surfaces the electric field is given as E =. So. The surface charge density at plane x = 8 is shown in the figure. the normal vector to the plane x = 8 pointing toward P is an =.11 Given that the inner surface is at potential V0 while the outer one is grounded so GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.5h.30ax 2 2 Option (B) is correct. So. SOL 2. co m . SOL 2. the electric flux density produced at point P is r D = s an = 60 ^.10 Option (D) is correct.dV =.co. . E ! .e.3. 4.ax h =.

d2V = 0 . The Poisson’s equation is defined as r d2V =. co Option (B) is correct. we have the net electric potential at any of the point charge Q located in the system as Q Q Q V1 = 1 b = + pe0 4pe0 0. So. in charge free space ( rv = 0 ) we get the Poisson’s equation as which is Laplace equation. ga te he / lp.5 0. E will not be uniform and it is radially directed as calculated above (in a r direction).5 m as shown in figure below : m Option (B) is correct.in the region between the two surfaces will have a gradually decreasing potential and so. Consider the three equal charges of Q C is placed at a separation of 0.5W1 or W1 = 2W2 SOL 2. Now. Electric potential due to point charge is defined as Q V = 1 3pe0 r GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.v e where V is electric potential and rv is charge density.14 Option (D) is correct.12 SOL 2. SOL 2. when the charges are separated by 1 m then the electric potential at any of the charge Q due to the other two charges is Q Q Q V2 = 1 b + l = 1 2pe0 4pe0 1 So.co.5 l So. the stored energy in the new system is 3Q2 (2) W2 = 3 b 1 QV2 l = 2 4pe0 From equation (1) and (2) we have W2 = 0.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 117 For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.3.3.13 The net stored charge in the system of n charges is defined as n W = 1 Qk Vk 2k=1 where Qk is one point charge and Vk is the net electric potential at the point charge due to the other charges.3. total energy stored in the system of charges is given as 3Q 2 (1) W1 = 3 b 1 QV1 l = 2 2pe0 Now.

co.k2 E 0 e-jkz =.3.v e0 rv = e0 ^120 # 2 + 120 # 0h rv =.e.120e0 at e he Option (C) is correct. equipotential surface about a point charge is sphere. y = 0 ) co Option (C) is correct. Electric field is static only from a macroscopic view point. for the equal distance r potential will be same i.v e0 where.3. Given electric potential.3. V " Electric potential rv " Charge density lp.18 Option (D) is correct. from option (C) we have the electric field component as Ex = E 0 e-jkz The Lapalacian of electric field is d2Ex = ^.3. Given.16 SOL 2.15 SOL 2. So electric field is irrotational. Statement 3 is correct.k2 Ex 2 or. SOL 2. g 2 2 2 rv 2 2 2 4 3 e 2 + 2 + 2 o^10y + 20x h =. An electrostatic field has its curl always equals to zero.118 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.in So. Statement 4 is correct. Work done in moving a charge in the electric field from one point to other is independent of the path. it satisfies the wave equation.e0 2 x 2 y 2 z r 120x + 120y =. the wave equation in space for a propagating wave in z -direction is d2Ex + k2 Ex = 0 Now. Statement 1 is correct. V = 20y 4 + 10x3 From Poisson’s equation we have r d2V =. d Ex + k2 Ex = 0 SOL 2.jk h2 E 0 e-jkz d2Ex =. Electric field divergence is not zero and so it is not solenoidal. m .17 Option (B) is correct. (x = 2 . Statement 2 is correct. So.nodia. Consider the infinitely long uniform charge density shown in the figure. The electric field intensity produced at a distance r from an infinite line charge with density rL is defined as rL E = 2pe0 r GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.

m = 2az A. Electric flux density at a distance r from a point charge Q is defined as Q D = ar 4p r 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.m2 SOL 2.in SOL 2. Consider the square loop ABCD carrying current 0. co m . 2 So. Therefore.19 The magnetic dipole moment is m = IS where I is current in the loop and S is the area enclosed by loop. 6. i.e.co.20 Option (A) is correct.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 119 For View Only Shop Online at www.3. ga te he Option (D) is correct. the field intensity at (5.1 A as shown in figure.01h^10 2 h = 2 A.m2 The direction of the magnetic dipole moment is determined by right hand rule. the normal distance vector of points P (0. 6. the field intensity produced due to the infinite line at both the points P and Q will be same. 1) from the line charge will be same so.3. lp.1) is E . m = ^0.6. 1) and Q (5.nodia. Since.

i. The position of points A. SOL 2.21 # Option (B) is correct. Electric field intensity due to a dipole having moment P at a distance r from it is E \ 13 r E2 = r 13 E1 r 23 3 E2 = ^2 h 1 ^4h3 E2 = 1 mV/m 8 Option (B) is correct.3. Therefore. D : dS = Qenc Now. we get D ^2p ^3h h h = 5 # 2p ^2 h h or.nodia.co. According to Gauss’s law. B and C are shown below SOL 2. the cylindrical surface at r = 3 encloses the charge distribution ^rS = 5 C/m2h located at r = 2 m .3. i. co m # .24 SOL 2. both the quantities has not the permittivity e in their expression. consider the height of cylinder is h .120 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www.23 SOL 2. the total outward flux through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed inside it.3.15 # 10-3 Joule 7 Option (C) is correct.in and the total flux through any defined surface is y = D : dS So. So. g at e he lp.e.3. W = 36 # 10 = 5. W = qV -3 = ^4 # 10-6h 9000 = 36 # 10 r r where r is the distance between the charges given as r = ^.25 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3h2 + ^5 + 1h2 = 7 -3 So.1h2 + ^1 .3.e. D and y are independent of permittivity e of the medium.22 SOL 2. D = 20 a r 3 Option (A) is correct. the potential energy stored in the field will be the energy of the charges as.2 . Therefore. Energy density (energy stored per unit volume) in an electric field is defined as we = 1 D : E = 1 e0 E : E = 1 e0 E 2 2 2 2 Option (A) is correct. The electric potential produced by 1 mC at a distance r is ^1 # 10-6h 9000 V = 9 # 109 = r r So.

nodia. their resultant field intensity at C is as shown below : SOL 2. Charges. position charge is placed at A and negative charge at B so. the forces F1 = F2 so the vertical component F1 V and F2 V are get cancelled while F2 H and F1 H are get summed to provide the resultant field in . the Gauss’s law can be written as d # D = rv r d#E = v e0 ww w. ga te # D : dS = Since.in Since. ^D = e0 E h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia co m . SOL 2.27 In differential form. According to Gauss’s law. r = 1 mm = 10-3 m So.3.e. Q1 = Q2 = 1 nC = 10-9 C Separation between charges.co.3. Given. # r dv v he lp.az direction. the surface integral of flux density through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed inside the closed surface (volume integral of charge density) i. the force acting between the charges is 9 -9 2 kQ1 Q2 9 # 10 ^10 h F = = 2 r2 ^10-3h = 12 # 10-3 N Option (B) is correct.26 Option (D) is correct.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 121 For View Only Shop Online at www.

the force between the two charges will decreases as the glass is placed between the two charges. According to Gauss’s law the total electric flux through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by it. Electric flux through a surface area is the integral of the normal component of electric field over the area.3.) According to Gauss’s law the surface integral of normal component of flux density over a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed inside it.122 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www. outwards.nodia.049 mC at e Option (B) is correct. the sphere centred at origin and of radius 5 m encloses all the charges therefore. The electric field at a distance r from the point charge q located in a medium with permittivity e is defined as q qe-1 E = ar 2 ar = 4per 4p r 2 SOL 2.31 SOL 2.30 SOL 2.3. A is true but R is false.in SOL 2.co. Force between the two charges Q1 and Q2 is defined as QQ F = 1 2 2 aR 4pe0 R GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww SOL 2. co # D : dS # D : dS s = Qenc = # r dv v m .3. SOL 2.008 + 0. s v he lp.33 Option (B) is correct. SOL 2. So.3. The force between the two charges q1 and q2 placed in a medium with permittivity e located at a distance r apart is defined as qq F = 1 122 4pe r or F\1 e i.3.0.05 . the total electric flux over the sphere is given as yE = Q1 + Q2 + Q 3 = 0. For according to Gauss’s law the total outward electric flux through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by the surface.32 Option (D) is correct.e. or. w.e. The electric field due to a positive charge is directed away from it (i. g Option (A) is correct. glass has the permittivity greater than 1 (i.3. i. Since.3.29 Option (C) is correct.e. permittivity of free space) So. Since. force is inversely proportional to permittivity of the medium.009 = 0.34 Option (A) is correct.28 Option (D) is correct.e.

ww w. So the statements (a). r = a is D : dS = y = rv b 4 pa3 l 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia # m .Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields 123 For View Only Shop Online at www.38 Option (A) is correct.3. i.10 nC due to 10 nC charge is Q V = 1 4pe0 r -9 = 9 # 109 # 102# 10 2 +0+0 = 45 Volt and so the energy stored is We = QV = ^. The electrostatic field is a gradient of a scalar potential.in When the charges are of same polarity then the force between them is repulsive.39 Option (D) is correct. the statement (b) is incorrect. (c) and (d) satisfies that the field is conservative. SOL 2. ga te Option (C) is correct. Since the electric field is negative gradient of the electric potential so the field lines will be orthogonal to the equipotential lines (surface).e. (c) and (d) are correct while (b) is incorrect. The curl of E is identically zero. According to Gauss’s the outward electric flux density through any closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by it. i.nodia. The electric force on both the charges will have same magnitude.150 nJ SOL 2.dV So. As the potential difference between two points is not zero inside a field so.35 Option (B) is correct. co (Conservative) =0 (Conservative) d#E = 0 So.e.3.3. As the expression of Force includes the term e (permittivity of the medium) so it depends on the medium in which the charges are placed. Electric potential at . he lp.37 SOL 2. # E : dl SOL 2.e.3.10 # 10-9h # 45 =. (a). d#E = 0 Work done in a closed path inside the field is zero i. it is conservative. d#E = 0 So. E =.3. So electric field out side the spherical balloon doesn’t change with the change in its radius and so the energy density at point P is wE for the inflated radius b of the balloon. Option (B) is correct.36 SOL 2. Net outward electric flux through the spherical surface.co.

3. For the same value of V (equipotential surface) a plane can be defined exactly at the centre point between them.3.3. For a pair of equal and opposite linear chargers the electric potential is defined as Q Q V = 4pe0 r1 4pe0 r2 where r 1 and r2 are the distances from the charges respectively.az h 2e0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (A) is correct.43 SOL 2. i.3.r This is the Poissions law for inhomogenous medium. rS = 20 nC/m2 = 20 # 10-9 C/m2 (Since the surface z = 10 m is above the origin). g at e Option (C) is correct.nodia.az So we have.44 Option (C) is correct. Poissions law is derived from Gauss’s law as d:D = r For inhomogeneous medium e is variable and so. Since. there is no any external applied field (or force) so. sum of all the forces in the system of charges will be zero. Consider the force experienced by Q is F1 .41 SOL 2.42 SOL 2. SF = 0 or. m .40 SOL 2.dV h@ = r d : ^edV h =. w. Given that. In a charge free region ^rv = 0h electrostatic field has the following characteristic r d:E = v = 0 e and (for static field) d#E = 0 co rv 4 3 pa 3 r a D = v ar C/m2 3 Option (C) is correct. 3F + 2F + F1 = 0 F1 =. -9 E = 20 # 10 ^. d : ^eE h = r d : 6e ^.co. Electric field intensity due to a infinite charged surface is defined as r E = S an 2e0 where rS is surface charge density and an is the unit vector normal to the surface directed towards the point of interest.3.124 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only D ^4pa2h = Shop Online at www.e. and an =. Option (D) is correct.5F he lp.in SOL 2.

360paz V/m SOL 2. r Qd Therefore. a + a distance R from it is defined as Qd (for d << R ) E = ^2 cos qar + sin qaq h 4pe0 R3 SOL 2.46 SOL 2.45 Option (B) is correct.3.3.# E : ^dra h Q Qr =.co.47 Option (B) is correct. he lp. co for r > a for r # a GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia 3 # E : dl =. ga te So.e.3. for the given dipole. Electric field intensity due to a short dipole having a very small separation d .# E : ^dra h .nodia. E = ^0 + afh 4pe0 r3 i.# dr 4pe r 4pe a a b r=3 a r a r b 0 2 a 0 3 m . q = 90c and (r >> d ) R = r2 .in 9 = 20 # 10 # 9 # 10 # 4p az 2 =. Electric field intensity at any point r outside the sphere is defined as Q E = ar 4pe0 r2 and the field intensity inside the sphere is 4 pr 3 l Q b3 E = 2 ar 4 3 b 3 pa l 4pe0 r Qr = ar 4pe0 a3 So the electric potential at any point r = b < a is V =- ww w.Chap 2 Electrostatic Fields -9 125 For View Only Shop Online at www. E \ 13 r Option (B) is correct. According to Gauss’ law the total outward flux from a closed surface is equal to the total charge enclosed by the surface.d 2 .# dr .

yz Electric field intensity at any point is equal to the negative gradient of the potential. i. E =.in SOL 2.49 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.^3x2 .^. co Option (D) is correct.co.1) E =.48 Option (D) is correct.dV =-^6xy h ax .3. z =. the field intensity between the plates is defined as E = 2V d m . g at e he lp. So.e. the electric potential. Given.3. y = 0 .z h ay . SOL 2.y h az at (x = 1.126 Electrostatic Fields Chap 2 For View Only Shop Online at www. Consider two parallel plates separated by a distance d is connected to a voltage source V . V = 3x2 y . electric field does not vanish at given point.4ay ! 0 So.nodia.

CHAPTER 3 ELECTRIC FIELD IN MATTER .

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Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

For View Only

EXERCISE 3.1

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MCQ 3.1.1

J = 5ez (r2 a r + a z ) A/m2 .

**The total current passing the plane z = 0 , 0 # r # 2 in the az direction is (B) 4p Ampere (A) 100p Ampere (C) 40p Ampere
**

MCQ 3.1.2

In a certain region the current density is given by

J = r cos2 qa r + r2 sin qa q - r2 a f A/m2 . The total current crossing the surface defined by q = 90c, 0 < f < 2p, 0 < r < 1 m is (B) - p A (A) p A 2 2

at e

(C) 1 A 4

MCQ 3.1.3

(C) 0 A

w. g

The current density in a cylindrical wire of radius 8 mm placed along the z -axis is J = 50 az A/m2 . The total current flowing through the wire is r (B) 800 mA (A) 80.38 mA (D) 5.026 A

**Common Data for Question 4 - 5 :
**

In a certain region current density is given by 20 sin f J = 40 a r - 2 az A/m2 r (r + 1)

MCQ 3.1.4

Total current crossing the plane z = 2 in the az direction for r < 4 will be (B) 1.5 mA (A) 0 A (C) - 32 A (D) 20 A

MCQ 3.1.5

Volume charge density in the region at a particular point (r0, f0, z 0) will be (A) non uniform (B) linearly increasing with time

(C) linearly decreasing with time (D) constant with respect to time GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

he

lp.

(D) 2p A 3

co

(D) 0 Ampere

m

A certain current density at any point (r, f, z) in cylindrical coordinates is given by

Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

129

For View Only

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**Statement for Linked Question 6 - 9 :
**

In a cylindrical system, two perfectly conducting surfaces of length 2 m are located at r = 3 and r = 15 cm . The total current passing radially outward through the medium between the cylinders is 6 A.

MCQ 3.1.6

If a conducting material having conductivity s = 0.05 S/m is present for 3 1 r # 5 cm then the electric field intensity at r = 4 cm will be (A) 238.7a r V/m (B) 150a r V/m (C) 318.3a r V/m (D) 0 V/m

MCQ 3.1.7

The voltage between the cylindrical surfaces will be (A) 4.88 volt (B) 1.45 volt (C) 2.32 volt (D) 3 volt

MCQ 3.1.8

The resistance between the cylindrical surfaces will be (A) 0.813 W (B) 2.44 W (C) 0.5 W

MCQ 3.1.9

(C) 29.3 W

MCQ 3.1.10

(A) depend on r only

ww w. ga te

A solid wire of radius r and conductivity s1 has a jacket of material having conductivity s2 . If the inner and outer radius of the jacket are r and R respectively then the ratio of the current densities in the two materials will (B) depend on R only (D) independent of both r and R (C) depend on both r and R

**Statement for Linked Question 11 - 12 :
**

Atomic hydrogen contains 5.5 # 1019 atom/cm3 at a certain temperature and pressure. If an electric field of 40 kV/m is applied, each dipole formed by the electron and positive nucleus has an effective length of 7.1 # 10-16 m .

MCQ 3.1.11

The polarization due to the induced dipole will be (A) 12.5 nC/m2 (B) 8.8 # 106 C/m2 (C) 6.25 nC/m2 (D) 3.9 # 109 C/m2

MCQ 3.1.12

Dielectric constant of the atomic hydrogen will be (A) 2.77 (B) 1.0177 (C) 0.982 (D) 0.0177

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

he

The total dissipated power in the conducting material will be (A) 175.7 W (B) 18 W (D) 0.8 W

lp.

co

(D) 8.13 W

m

130

Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 3.1.13 The dielectric constant of the material in which the electric flux density is double of the polarization is (A) 2 (B) 1/2 (C) 3 (D) 1

Statement for Linked Question 14- 15 :

MCQ 3.1.14

(C) - 500ay V/m

MCQ 3.1.15

(B) 3.54ay mC/m2 (C) 8.85 nC/m2 (D) 7.08ay nC/m2

MCQ 3.1.16

at e

Polarization of the material will be (A) 2.66ay nC/m2 (C) 5.31 # 10-12 ay C/m2

MCQ 3.1.17

The Flux charge density in the 2 nd region will be (A) 2.21ax + 0.35ay - 0.44az mC/m2 (B) 2.21ax + 0.35ay - 0.44az nC/m2 (C) 2.21ax + 0.88ay - 0.44az nC/m2 (D) 0.4ax + 0.07ay - 0.08az nC/m2 The energy density in the 2 nd region will be (A) 66.37 mJ/m3 (B) 118 mJ/m3 (C) 472 # 106 J/m3 (D) 59 mJ/m3

MCQ 3.1.18

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

Two perfect dielectrics with dielectric constant er1 = 2 and er2 = 5 are defined in the region 1 (y $ 0) and region 2 (y < 0) respectively. Consider the electric field intensity in the 1st region is given by E1 = 25ax + 20ay - 10az kV/m

w. g

Statement for Linked Question 17 - 18 :

he

(B) 14.08 nC/m2 (D) 3ay C/m2

lp.

The electric flux density inside the material will be (A) 4.43 nC/m2

co

(D) 0

Electric field intensity in the material will be (A) 50ay V/m (B) 500ay V/m

m

The potential field in a slab of a dielectric material that has the relative permittivity er = 6/5 is given by V =- 500y .

Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

131

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 3.1.19 The electric field in the three regions as shown in the figure are respectively E1 , E2 and E 3 and all the boundary surfaces are charge free.

(C) E1 = E2 = E 3

MCQ 3.1.20

(D) E1 = E2 ! E 3

MCQ 3.1.21

(B) W = W1 W2

(C) W > W1 + W2

(D) W < W1 + W2

MCQ 3.1.22

An electric dipole is being placed in an electric field intensity E = 1.5ax - az V/m If the moment of the dipole be p =- 4ax + 3ay C- m then energy of the dipole will be (A) 6 J (B) 0 J (C) - 3 J (D) + 3 J

MCQ 3.1.23

When a neutral dielectric is being polarized in an electric field then the total bound charge of the dielectric will be (A) zero (B) positive (C) negative (D) depends on nature of dielectric

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

The energy stored in an electric field made up of two fields E1 and E2 is Wnet where as the energies stored in individual fields E1 and E2 are W1 and W2 respectively so the correct relation between the energies is (A) W = W1 + W2

he

(C) 4E 0 az and E 0 az 4

lp.

An infinite plane dielectric slab of thickness d and having permittivity e = 4e0 occupies the region 0 < z < d . If a uniform electric field E = E 0 az is applied in the free space then the electric flux density(Din ) and electric field intensity(Ein ) inside the dielectric slab will be respectively (B) e0 E 0 az and E 0 az (A) E 0 az and e0 E 0 az 4 4 (D) e0 E 0 az and 4E 0 az

co

m

If e1 = e3 ! e2 , then the correct relation between the electric field is (A) E1 ! E2 ! E 3 (B) E1 = E 3 ! E2

132

Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

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**Statement for Linked Question 24 - 25 :
**

A lead bar of square cross section has a hole of radius 2.5 cm bored along its length as shown in the figure.

MCQ 3.1.24

(C) 1.95 mW

MCQ 3.1.25

(C) 3.708 mW

MCQ 3.1.26

at e

(C) 2pr = l

w. g

A cylindrical wire of length l and cross sectional radius r is formed of a material with conductivity 106 (Wm) -1 . If the total conductance of the wire is 106 (W) -1 then the correct relation between l and r is l (A) r = p (B) r = p l (D) r = l

**Statement for Linked Question 27 - 28 :
**

A capacitor is formed by two concentric conducting spherical shells of radii a = 1 cm and b = 2 cm centered at origin. Interior of the spherical capacitor is a perfect dielectric with er = 4 .

MCQ 3.1.27

The capacitance of the capacitor will be (A) 8.9 pF (B) 2.25 pF (C) 890 pF (D) 225 pF

MCQ 3.1.28

If a portion of dielectric is removed from the capacitor such that er = 1 for p < f < p 2 and er = 4 for the rest of the portion, then the capacitance of the composite capacitor will be GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

he

If the hole in the lead bar is completely filled with copper then the resistance of the composite bar will be (Resistivity of copper -8 = 1.72 # 10 Wm) (A) 188 mW (B) 924.6 mW (D) 1.76 mW

lp.

If the length of the lead bar is 8 m then the resistance between the square ends of the bar will be (A) 1.78 mW (B) 3.64 mW (D) 269 mW

co

(Conductivity of lead = 5 # 106 (Wm) -1 )

m

Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

133

**For View Only (A) 0.56 pF (C) 236.5 pF
**

MCQ 3.1.29

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in (B) 946 pF (D) 6.7 pF

Two conducting surfaces are present at x = 0 and x = 5 mm and the space between them are filled by dielectrics such that er1 = 2.5 for 0 < x < 1 mm and er2 = 4 for 1 < x < 3 mm rest of the region is air filled. The capacitance per square meter of surface area will be (A) 22.1 nF/m2 (B) 3.05 nF/m2 (C) 442.5 nF/m2 (D) 44.25 nF/m2

MCQ 3.1.30

MCQ 3.1.31

A parallel plate capacitor is quarter filled with a dielectric ( er = 3 ) as shown in the figure. The capacitance of the capacitor will be

(A) 1.38 pF

ww w. ga te

(C) 9.95 pF

MCQ 3.1.32

Medium between the two conducting parallel sheets of a capacitor has the permittivity e and conductivity s. The time constant of the capacitor will be (B) s (A) e s e (C) se (D) 1/se

*********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

he

(B) 2.76 pF (D) 6 pF

lp.

(C) 1.83 nF

co

(D) 143 pF

Two coaxial conducting cylinders of radius 4 cm and 8 cm is lying along z -axis. The region between the cylinders contains a layer of dielectric from r = 4 cm to r = 12 cm with er = 4 . If the length of cylinders is 1 m then the capacitance of the configuration will be (A) 0.55 pF (B) 7 # 109 F

m

134

Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

For View Only

EXERCISE 3.2

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**Common Data for Question 1 -2 :
**

4

(C) 0.37 A

MCQ 3.2.2

MCQ 3.2.3

(C) 12 (D) r2 r The velocity of charge density at r = 0.6 m will be (A) 6ar m/s (B) 1000ar m/s (C) 0.6 # 10-3 ar m/s (D) 600ar m/s

**Statement for Linked Question 4 - 5 :
**

Two uniform infinite line charges of 5 pC/m each are located at x = 0 , y = 1 and x = 0 , y = 2 respectively. Consider the surface y = 0 is a perfect conductor that has the zero potential.

MCQ 3.2.4

Electric potential at point P (- 1, - 2, 0) will be (A) 1.2 volt (B) - 0.2 volt (C) + 0.2 volt (D) - 0.04 volt

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

w. g

at e

he

At a particular time t , the charge density rv (r, t) at any point in the region is directly proportional to. (Assume rv " 0 as t " 3) 1 (B) (A) r r

lp.

MCQ 3.2.1

In spherical coordinate system, the current density in a certain region is given by J = 2 e-10 t ar A/m2 r At t = 1 ms , how much current is crossing the surface r = 5 ? (A) 75.03 A (B) 27.7 A

co

(D) 2.77 A

m

Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

135

For View Only MCQ 3.2.5 Electric field at the point P will be (A) 0.12ax - 0.003ay V/m (B) 0.12ax - 0.086ay V/m (C) 723ax - 18.9ay V/m (D) 0.024ax - 0.086ay V/m

MCQ 3.2.6

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(C) 48 C

MCQ 3.2.7

(D) can’t be determined

(C) 9a N

Common Data for Question 8 - 9 :

The two dipoles P1 , P2 with dipole moment 4 nC- m and 9 nC- m respectively are placed at 1 m distance apart as shown in figure.

MCQ 3.2.8

The torque on P2 due to P1 will be (A) 18 # 10-18 N- m (B) 2 nN- m (C) 8.1 N- m

(D) 0.16 mN- m

MCQ 3.2.9

**The torque on P1 due to P2 will be (A) 3.24 # 10-7 N- m (C) 1.62 # 10
**

-7

ww w. ga te

N-m

**Common Data for Question 10 -11 :
**

A sphere carries a polarization P (r)= 3rar where r is the distance from the center of the sphere. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

he

lp.

A neutral atom of polarizability a is situated at a distance 1 m from a point charge 1/9 nC. The force of attraction between them will be (A) 2a N (B) 2a N 9

co

(D) 18a N (B) 2 nN- m

(D) 3.24 mN- m

m

A thin rod of certain cross sectional area extends along the y -axis from y = 0 m to y = 5 m . If the polarization of the rod is along it’s length and is given by Py = 2y2 + 3 then the total bound charge of the rod will be (A) 0 (B) 50 C

136

Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 3.2.10 Consider Er is the electric field component in the radial direction inside the sphere. The plot of Er with respect to r will be

w. g

MCQ 3.2.11

If the radius of the sphere is a then the electric field outside the sphere will be (A) - 4pa3 (B) 8pa3 (C) 0 (D) - 8pa3

MCQ 3.2.12

A thick spherical shell is made of dielectric material with a polarization where r is the distance from its centre. P (r) = 5 ar nC/m2 r If the spherical shell is centred at origin and has the inner radius 2 m and outer radius 6 m then the electric field intensity at r = 1 m will be (A) 0 (B) - 40p V/m (C) 20p V/m (D) - 20p V/m (B) - 140p V/m (D) - 20p V/m

MCQ 3.2.13

Electric field at r = 7 m will be (A) - 100p V/m (C) 0

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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Statement for Linked Question 12 - 13 :

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m

Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

137

**For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 3.2.14 Electric field intensity at r = 5 m will be (B) 1 ar (A) - 2 ar e0 5e0 (C) - 1 ar e0
**

MCQ 3.2.15

(D) 1 ar 5e0

A spherical conductor of radius 1 m carries a charge 3 mC. It is surrounded, out to radius 2 m, by a linear dielectric material of dielectric constant er = 3 , as shown in the figure. The energy of this configuration will be

(C) 270 J

MCQ 3.2.16

(C) 0 volt

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**Statement for Linked Question 17 - 19 :
**

A short cylinder of radius r and length L carries a uniform polarization P , parallel to its axis as shown in the figure.

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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A sphere of radius 2/ p m is made of dielectric material with dielectric constant er = 2 . If a uniform free charge density 0.6 nC/m3 is embedded in it then the potential at the centre of the sphere will be (B) 5.4 volt (A) 3 volt (D) 9 volt

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(D) 324 J

(A) 27 kJ

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(B) 500 J

m

138

Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 3.2.17 Total bound charge by the cylinder will be (A) 2P coulomb (B) P coulomb (C) 0 coulomb

MCQ 3.2.18

(D) - P coulomb

If L = 2r then the electric field lines of the cylinder will be as

MCQ 3.2.19

The lines of flux charge density will be as

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

139

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 3.2.20 A parallel plate capacitor is filled with a non uniform dielectric characterized by er = 3 (1 + 50a2) where a is the distance from one plate in meter. If the surface area of the plates is 0.2 m2 and separation between them is 10 cm then the capacitance of the capacitor will be (A) 22.5 pF (B) 90.2 pF (C) 45.1 pF

MCQ 3.2.21

(D) 4.51 pF

(C) 1.82 nC/m

MCQ 3.2.22

(A) 41.1 mm

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(C) 20.5 mm

MCQ 3.2.23

An infinite plane conducting slab carries uniformly distributed surface charges on both of it’s surface. If the sum of the charge densities on the two surfaces is rso C/m2 then the surface charge densities on the two surfaces will be (A) rso /2 , rso /2 (B) 2rso , - rso (C) 0, rso (D) None of these

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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A tank is filled with dielectric oil of susceptibility ce = 1. Two long coaxial cylindrical metal tubes of radii 1 mm and 3 mm stand vertically in the tank as shown in the figure. The outer tube is grounded and inner one is maintained at 2 kV potential. To what height does the oil rise in the space between the tubes ? (mass density of oil = 0.01 gm/cm3 )

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(B) 45.5 mm (D) 82.4 mm

A two wire transmission line consists of two perfectly conducting cylinders, each having a radius of 0.2 cm, separated by a centre to centre distance of 2 cm. The medium surrounding the wires has relative permittivity er = 2 . If a 100 V source is connected between the wires then the stored charge per unit length on each wire will be (A) 3.64 nC/m (B) 3.64 # 10-11 C/m (D) 2.5 # 10-8 C/m

m

140

Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 3.2.24 Two infinite plane parallel conducting slabs carry uniformly distributed surface charges rS11 , rS12 , rS21 and rS22 on all the four surfaces as shown in the figure.

(B) rs11 = rs22 , rs12 =- rs21 (C) rs11 = rs12 , rs21 = rs22 (D) rs11 =- rs22 , rs12 =- rs21

Common data for Question 25 - 26 :

The plane surfaces x = 0 , x = 1, y = 0 and y = 1 form the boundaries of conductors extending away from the region between them as shown in the figure.

If the electrostatic potential in the region between the surfaces is given by 6xy volts then the surface charge density on the surface ;

MCQ 3.2.25

x = 0 is (A) - 5e0 y (C) - 5e0 ^x + y h

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(B) - 5e0 x (D) 5e0 ^xy h (B) - 5e0 x

MCQ 3.2.26

(C) - 5e0 ^x + y h (D) 5e0 xy GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

y = 0 is (A) - 5e0 y

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Which of the following gives the correct relation between the charge densities ? (A) rs11 = rs22 , rs12 = rs21

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Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

141

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 3.2.27 Two infinitely long coaxial, hollow cylindrical conductors of inner radii 2 m and 5 m respectively and outer radii 3 m and 6 m, respectively as shown in the figure, carry uniformly distributed surface charges on all four of their surfaces.

MCQ 3.2.28

(C) 0, 4p C/m2

MCQ 3.2.29

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A conducting spherical shell of inner radii 2 m and outer radii 3 m carry uniformly distributed surface charge on it’s inner and outer surfaces. If the net surface charge is 9 C for the conducting spherical shell then, the surface charge density on inner and outer surfaces are respectively (B) 1 C/m2 , 0 (A) 0, 1 C/m2 4p 4p (D) 4p C/m , 0

Plane z = 0 defines a surface charge layer with the charge density rS = 3n C/m2 as shown in figure. If the electric field intensity in the region z < 0 is E2 = 2ax + 3ay - 2az V/m then the field intensity E1 in the region z > 0 will be

(A) 220ax + 219ay - 2az

(C) 222ax + 221ay + 2az (D) 2ax + 3ay + 226az GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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If net surface charge per unit length is 10 C/m and 6 C/m for the inner and outer conductor respectively then the surface charge densities on the four surface will be Surface " r = 2m r = 3m r = 5m r =6m (A) 0 5/3p - 1/p 4/3p (B) 0 5/3p - 1/p 4/3p (C) 1/p - 1/p 2/p - 2/p (D) 0 0 - 1/p 1/p

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(B) 2ax + 3ay + 224az

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30 An infinite plane dielectric slab with relative permittivity er = 5 occupies the region x > 0 .co.2. A point charge Q is situated at the origin.142 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.32 : An infinite plane dielectric slab of 1 m thickness is placed in free space such that it occupies the region 0 < y < 1 m as shown in the figure. It is found that the electric field intensity inside the dielectric is given by Q for a < r < b E = ar 4pe0 b2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww If a uniform electric field E = 4ay V/m is applied in free space then bound surface charge densities on the surface y = 0 and y = 1 will be at y = 0 at y = 1 (A) 0 .3e0 (C) 0 3e0 (D) . polarization volume charge density will be (A) linearly increasing (B) linearly decreasing (C) Constant (D) zero at all points MCQ 3.5e0 8e0 w.31 he lp. for 0 < y < 1 MCQ 3.32 As we move from the surface y = 0 toward the surface y = 1 inside the dielectric slab. g co m .nodia.2. If a uniform electric field E = 10ax V/m is applied in the region x < 0 (free space) then the polarization inside the dielectric will be (A) 8e0 ax C/m2 (B) 4e0 ax C/m2 (C) 2e0 ax C/m2 (D) 10e0 ax C/m2 Statement for Linked Question 31 .2.in MCQ 3. at e Dielectric slab has the non uniform permittivity defined as 2e0 e= ^1 + 3y h2 MCQ 3.33 In a spherical coordinate system the region a < r < b is occupied by a dielectric material.3e0 (B) 0 .2.

m Two perfectly conducting.e1h a e1 k (C) rS0 d ln e2 e2 .6 nC/m2 and .Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 143 For View Only Shop Online at www. The potential difference between the two sheets will be rS0 r d (B) (A) S0 ln e2 e2 .2.6 nC/m2 respectively then the potential difference between the sheets will be (A) 67. co The medium between two perfectly conducting infinite plane parallel sheets consists of two dielectric slabs of thickness 1 m and 2 m having permittivities e1 = 2e0 and e2 = 4e0 respectively as shown in the figure.35 (D) 1. If the medium between two plates is a dielectric of uniform permittivity e = 4e0 then the potential difference between the two plates will be (A) 283 KV (B) 1130 KV .5 nC/m2 respectively.78 Volt (C) 33.e1 a e1 k (D) rS0 ln a e2 k e1 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (D) 17.9 Volt MCQ 3. infinite plane parallel sheets separated by a distance d carry uniformly distributed surface charges of equal and opposite densities rS0 and .13 KV If the conducting sheets carry uniformly distributed surface charges of equal and opposite densities 0.nodia.rS0 respectively. The medium between the sheets is filled by a dielectric of non uniform permittivity which varies linearly from a value of e1 near one plate to value of e2 near the second plate.0.2.e1 d ^e2 .4 Volt lp.8 Volt (B) 6.co.in The relative permittivity of the dielectric will be (A) ^b2 /r2h (B) ^a2 /r2h (C) ^r2 /a2h (D) ^a2 /b2h MCQ 3. infinite plane parallel sheets separated by a distance 2 m carry uniformly distributed surface charges of equal and opposite densities + 5 nC/m2 and . ga te Two perfectly conducting.34 (C) 283 V MCQ 3.36 ww w.2.

co m A parallel plate capacitor has two layers of dielectrics with permittivities e1 = 3e0 and e2 = 2e0 as shown in the figure.2.37 Two perfectly conducting.23 mC (B) 88. 11 Volt (B) 3 Volt.in MCQ 3.2.39 81 11 Volt .5 mC (C) 8. If the potential difference between the two plates is 7 kV and the medium between the plates is free space then the charge densities on the plates will be (A) 6.144 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.2. g he lp.7 mC (C) MCQ 3. 18 11 at e If the total voltage drop in the capacitor is 9 Volt then the voltage drop in 1st and 2 nd dielectric region will be respectively 81 (A) 18 Volt .38 (D) 17. infinite plane parallel sheet separated by a distance 0.85 mC MCQ 3. 6 Volt 11 Volt (D) 6 Volt. 3 Volt A dielectric slab is inserted in the medium between two plates of a capacitor as shown in the figure The capacitance across the capacitor will remain constant (A) if the slab is moved rightward or leftward (B) if the slab is pulled outward of the capacitor (C) (A) and (B) both (D) none of these GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. .co.5 cm carry uniformly distributed surface charges of equal and opposite densities.nodia.

co (C) 16 cos q sin f = r3 (D) 32 cos f sin q = r3 m A potential field in free space is given as f V = 40 cos q sin 2 V r Point P (r = 2.02 # 106 A/m2 (D) 1.04 # 105 A/m2 MCQ 3.40 A steel wire has a radius of 2 mm and a conductivity of 2 # 106 S/m.nodia.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 145 For View Only Shop Online at www.41 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2. The equation of the conducting surface is (B) 16 cos f sin q = r3 (A) 32 cos q sin f = r3 . f = p/2) lies on a conducting surface.8 # 107 S/m) coating of 2 mm thickness.2 # 105 A/m2 (A) 1.10 # 105 A/m2 (C) 2.in MCQ 3. The total current carried by this hybrid conductor be 80 A. q = p/3. The steel wire has an aluminium (s = 3. ga te he lp. The current density in steel Jst is (B) 3.co.2.

8e0 farad/m and occupies the region to the left of x = 0 plane.3.3.146 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only EXERCISE 3.59 mA A parallel plate air-filled capacitor has plate area of 2 # 10-4 m2 and plate separation of 10-3 m . The conductor is immersed in water with e = 80eo .6az ) volt/m (D) (2. It is connected to a 0.41 # 10-9 C/m 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww The space between the plates of a parallel-plate capacitor of capacitance C is filled with three dielectric slabs of identical size as shown in the figure. Medium 2 has the electrical permittivity e2 = 2.0ay + 0.7.3.0ax .5ay + 2.3 Shop Online at www. If dielectric constants are e1 .4 IES EC 2012 w.2.5az ) volt/m lp.6az ) volt/m MCQ 3.5 V.6 GHz source. co (D) 1.2 GATE 2003 (B) (2.co.1 GATE 2003 2004 (C) 10 A MCQ 3.3ay + 1az ) volt/m.0ax . then E2 in medium 2 is (A) (2. 3.0ax . If E1 in medium 1 is E1 = (2ax .nodia.0az ) volt/m he Medium 1 has the electrical permittivity e1 = 1. The surface charge density on the conductor is ( e = 10 p F/m) 36 (A) 0 C/m 2 (B) 2 C/m 2 (D) 1.0ay + 0. The magnitude of 1 the displacement current is ( e = 36p 10-9 F/m) (A) 10 mA (B) 100 mA m . e2 and e3 .3 GATE 2002 -9 (C) 1.8 # 10-11 C/m 2 MCQ 3. the new capacitance is at e (C) (2.3. g The electric field on the surface of a perfect conductor is 2 V/m.in MCQ 3.0ax .5e0 farad/m and occupies the region to the right of x = 0 plane.0ay + 1.3.2.

Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 147 For View Only (A) C 3 (C) ^e1 + e2 + e3h C MCQ 3.3.3.3. a2 is (B) 45c (A) sin-1 c 3 E1 m 2 (C) cos-1 c MCQ 3. Reason (R) : The tangential component of electric field on conductor surface is zero. the surface of conductor is an equipotential surface.5 IES EC 2011 Shop Online at www. The direction of the electric field intensity at point P2.nodia.6 IES EC 2011 The electric field intensity in media 1 at point P1 has magnitude E1 and makes an angle a1 = 60c with the normal. ga te 3 E1 2 m Assertion (A) : Under static conditions.in ^e1 + e2 + e3h C (B) 3 (D) 9 ^e1 + e2 + e3h e1 e2 e3 If the potential. the electric field is (A) 6 V/m (B) 2 V/m (C) 4 V/m MCQ 3. V = 2x + 4 V . co Two dielectric media with permittivities 3 and boundary as shown in figure below : m (D) .4ax V/m 3 are separated by a charge-free . (A) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (B) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (C) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false (D) Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (D) 30c lp.7 IES EC 2011 ww w.co.

148 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.11 IES EC 2010 3.3. Stored energy 2. Ratio of the capacitance of the second one with respect to that of the first one is (A) 4 (B) 2 (D) 1/4 lp.3.13 IES EC 2009 Method of images is applicable to which fields ? (A) Electrostatic fields only (B) Electrodynamic fields only (C) Neither electrostatic fields nor electrodynamic fields (D) Both electrostatic fields and electrodynamic fields GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww By what name is the equation d : J = 0 frequently known ? (A) Poisson’s equation he There are two conducting plates of sizes 1 m # 1 m and 3 m # 3 m.3. Consider 1. g at e Consider the following : In a parallel plate capacitor.12 IES EC 2009 w. 2 and 3 (C) Equipotentials due to the charge are concentric cylinders and equipotentials due to two conductors are straight lines. (B) 1 and 2 only m The flux and potential functions due to a line charge and due to two concentric circular conductors are of the following form : (A) Concentric circular equipotential lines and straight radial flux lines. Electric field intensity.3. let the charge be held constant while the dielectric material is replaced by a different dielectric. . (B) Laplace’s equation (C) Continuity equation for steady currents (D) Displacement equation MCQ 3.in MCQ 3.co.3.3.10 IES EC 2010 (C) 1/2 MCQ 3.nodia. (D) Equipotentials due to line charge are straight flat surfaces and those due to two conductors are concentric cylinders. co (D) 1.9 IES EC 2010 (D) Zero (B) Concentric circular flux lines and straight equipotential lines MCQ 3.8 A long 1 metre thick dielectric (e = 3e0) slab occupying the region 0 < x < 5 is IES EC 2010 placed perpendicularly in a uniform electric field E 0 = 6ax . The polarization Pi inside the dielectric is (B) 8e0 ax (A) 4e0 ax (C) 36e0 ax MCQ 3. Capacitance Which of these changes ? (A) 1 only (C) 2 and 3 only MCQ 3.

What is the energy stored in the capacitor ? (A) 1 mJ (B) 1 μJ (C) 1 nJ (D) 1 pJ GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1 mC on its plates.3. co Which one of the following is correct ? As frequency increases. ga te Application of the method of images to a boundary value problem in electrostatics involves which one of the following ? (A) Introduction of an additional distribution of charges and removal of a set of conducting surfaces he lp.3.in MCQ 3.17 IES EC 2007 (B) Introduction of an additional distribution of charge and an additional set of conducting surfaces (C) Removal of a charge distribution and introduction of an additional set of conducting surfaces (D) Removal of a charge distribution as well as a set of conducting surfaces MCQ 3.19 IES EC 2006 A parallel plate capacitor of 5 pF capacitor has a charge of 0. electric field lines are (A) always tangential (B) always normal (C) neither tangential nor normal MCQ 3.14 What is the unit of measurement of surface or sheet resistivity? IES EC 2008 (A) Ohm/metre (B) Ohm metre (C) Ohm/sq. the surface resistance of a metal (A) decreases m (D) at an angle depending on the field intensity . meter MCQ 3. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 3.co.15 IES EC 2007 (D) Ohm Which one of the following statements is correct ? On a conducting surface boundary.nodia.3.3. Reason (R) : Displacement density on a conducting surface is normal to the surface.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 149 For View Only Shop Online at www.3.18 IES EC 2006 Assertion (A) : Potential everywhere on a conducting surface of infinite extent is zero.3.16 IES EC 2007 (B) increases (C) remains unchanged (D) varies in an unpredictable manner MCQ 3.

3.3. Considering fringing field.in MCQ 3.150 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.5pe0 R co The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor is given by e e A where A is the area of d each plates.3.co. g at e (D) 12.5 μC he lp.22 IES EC 2005 (C) 8pe0 R MCQ 3.25 IES EC 2004 An infinitely long line charge of uniform charge density rL C/m is situated parallel to and at a distance from the grounded infinite plane conductor.24 IES EC 2004 For an electric field E = E 0 sin wt . What is the expression for capacitance of a solid infinitely conducting solid sphere of radius ‘R’ in free space ? (B) 4pe0 R (A) 2pe0 R (D) 0. what is the phase difference between the conduction current and the displacement current ? (A) 0c (B) 45c (C) 90c (D) 180c MCQ 3.23 IES EC 2004 A point charge of + 10 mC placed at a distance of 5 cm from the centre of a conducting grounded sphere of radius 2 cm is shown in the diagram given below : What is the total induced charge on the conducting sphere ? (A) 10 μC (B) 4 μC MCQ 3. under which one of the following conditions is the above expression valid ? (B) A is tending towards infinity (A) A is tending towards zero d d (D) A is 1 (C) A is 1 er e0 d d m .21 IES EC 2005 1 N 16pe0 (D) 4pe0 N 0 r MCQ 3.20 A charge of 1 Coulomb is placed near a grounded conducting plate at a distance of IES EC 2006 1 m. What is the force between them ? (B) 1 N (A) 1 N 8pe0 4pe0 (C) MCQ 3.nodia. This field problem can be solved by which one of the following ? (A) By conformal transformation (B) By method of images GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww (C) 5 μC w.3.3.3.

c.in An air condenser of capacitance of 0.3. 3. disconnected and then immersed in oil with a dielectric constant of 2. the displacement flux density D doubles the charge Q on the plates is reduced to half. Select the correct answer using the codes given below : (A) 1 and 2 (B) 2 and 3 (C) 2 and 4 MCQ 3. supply of 500 Volts .3.26 IES EC 2003 Shop Online at www.4 H is connected to a 50 V d. lp. voltage of V volts. 4.5. the electric field intensity E within the capacitor doubles. The energy stored in the field is (A) 10 joules (B) 20 joules (C) 40 joules (D) 80 joules MCQ 3. The voltage across the capacitor to the end of charging will be (A) 3 V (B) 4 V m .3. keeping the voltage constant. ga te A coil of resistance 5 W and inductance 0. Energy stored in the capacitor before and after immersion. co (D) 9 V (D) 3 and 4 A 3 mF capacitor is charged by a constant current of 2 mA for 6 seconds.nodia.c.co.27 IES EC 2001 (C) 6 V MCQ 3.28 IES EC 2001 2.29 IES EC 2001 ww w.30 IES EE 2011 The normal components of electric flux density across a dielectric-dielectric boundary (A) are discontinuous (B) are continuous (C) depend on the magnitude of the surface charge density (D) depend on electric field intensity GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he Consider the following statements : A parallel plane capacitor is filled with a dielectric of relative permittivity er1 and connected to a d. If the dielectric is changed to another with relative permittivity er1 = 2er1 . then 1.c. supply.002 mF is connected to a d. respectively is (A) 500 # 10-4 J and 250 # 10-4 J (B) 250 # 10-4 J and 500 # 10-4 J (C) 625 # 10-4 J and 250 # 10-4 J (D) 250 # 10-4 J and 625 # 10-4 J MCQ 3.3.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 151 For View Only (C) By Laplace’s equation (D) By Poisson’s equation MCQ 3. the energy stored in the capacitor is doubled.3.

3. The tangential components are the same on both sides of a boundary between two dielectrics.152 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.co.34 IES EE 2007 ww w. co (B) 4 V.nodia.5 Q MCQ 3.5 Q (D) V/4. Q (C) V.3. what would be the ratio of the surface densities r1 and r2 on the two sides of the plate ? GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he The capacitance of an insulated conducting sphere of radius R in vacuum is (A) 2pe0 R lp. . In a single medium electric field is continuous. 3.31 Consider the following statements in connection with boundary relations of electric IES EE 2009 field : 1.32 IES EE 2008 (B) 4pe0 R (C) 4pe0 R2 (D) 4pe0 /R MCQ 3. 2 and 4 (D) 3 and 4 only MCQ 3. 2. The tangential electric field at the boundary of a dielectric and a current carrying conductors with finite conductivity is zero. g A parallel plate air capacitor carries a charge Q at its maximum withstand voltage V . Q Which of these statements is/are correct ? (A) 1 only m Normal components of the flux density is continuous across the charge-free boundary between two dielectrics. what are the maximum withstand voltage and the charge on the capacitor at this voltage. 2 and 3 (C) 1. (B) 1.in MCQ 3. If the capacitor is half filled with an insulating slab of dielectric constant 4 as shown in the figure given below. 2.5V .3.33 IES EE 2007 (A) 2. 4. respectively ? at e When an infinite charged conducting plate is placed between two infinite conducting grounded surfaces as shown in the figure given below.3. 2.

3. er1 = 4 and for z # 0 .2ay (D) ax . For z $ 0 .in IES EE 2007 (B) D = e0 ^E + P h (D) E = D + e0 P (C) D = e0 E + P IES EE 2006 (B) magnetostatic field only (C) both electrostatic and magnetostatic fields (D) neither electrostatic nor magnetostatic field MCQ 3.36 Image theory is applicable to problems involving (A) electrostatic field only he lp.3.37 IES EE 2006 Six capacitors of different capacitances C1.3. C 4.co. MCQ 3. C5 and C6 are connected in series.ay GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. ga te MCQ 3. A uniform electric field exists at z $ 0 as E1 = 5ax . er2 = 3 .Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 153 For View Only Shop Online at www.38 IES EE 2004 Two extensive homogeneous isotropic dielectrics meet on a plane z = 0 . C1 > C2 > C 3 > C 4 > C5 > C6 . What is the total capacitance almost equal to ? (A) C1 (B) C 3 (C) C 4 (D) C6 MCQ 3.35 The polarization in a solid dielectric is related to the electric field E and the electric flux density D according to which on of the following equations ? (A) E = e0 D + P co (d1 + t) (d2 + t) (C) d1 d2 (A) (d2 + t) (d1 + t) (D) d2 d1 (B) m . What is the value of E2z in the region z # 0 ? (A) 3az (C) 6az (B) 5ax .3. C2. C 3.nodia.2ay + 3az kw/m .

45 IES EE 2002 A medium behaves like dielectric when the (A) displacement current is just equal to the conduction current (B) displacement current is less than the conduction current (C) displacement current is much greater than the conduction current (D) displacement current is almost negligible GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w. Reason (R) : It is generated by a change in electric flux.0 C/m2 MCQ 3. whose separation is very much larger than their radii R ? (B) 2pe0 R (A) 2p/e0 R .c components.6 C/m2 (D) 6.3.nodia.41 IES EE 2003 (D) 4pe0 /R (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 3.8 (B) 1. placed normal to a uniform field with a flux density of 3 C/m2 .3. The polarization of the slab is (A) 0.3.3. The slab is uniformly polarized.co.44 IES EE 2002 ww A plane slab of dielectric having dielectric constant 5. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A he lp.2 (C) 4 MCQ 3.154 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.43 IES EE 2003 (C) 2. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A co m Which one of the following gives the approximate value of the capacitance between two spheres. the current density is solenoidal Reason (R) : The reciprocal of the resistance is the conductivity.3. Assertion (A) : For steady current in an arbitrary conductor.4 C/m2 (B) 1.in MCQ 3. is uniformly polarized.4 C/m2 Ohm’s law in point form in the field theory can be expressed as (A) V = RI (B) J = E/s (C) J = sE (D) R = rl/A MCQ 3. g at e Assertion (A) : Displacement current can have only a. er = 5 is placed normal to a uniform field with a flux density IES EE 2004 D = 1 Coulomb/m2 . What is the polarization P of the slab in Coulomb/m2 ? (A) 0.40 IES EE 2004 (D) 6 (C) 2pe0 /R MCQ 3.39 A flat slab of dielectric.3.3.42 IES EE 2003 (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 3.

nodia. m = m0.co.0 A at 50 Hz.48 IES EE 2001 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. For copper wire IES EE 2002 e = e0.11 A (C) 1 A (D) It cannot be calculated with the given data MCQ 3.3. ga te he A point charge + Q is brought near a corner of two right angle conducting planes which are at zero potential as shown in the given figure.46 A copper wire carries a conduction current of 1.3.8 # 10 mho/m . s = 5.3.8 # 10 A (B) 4. Which one of the following configurations describes the total effect of the charges for calculating the actual field in the first quadrant ? lp.8 # 10. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A m .Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 155 For View Only Shop Online at www.in MCQ 3. What is the displacement current in the wire ? (A) 2. Reason (R) : As per Gauss’s law the total outward electric flux through any closed surface constituted inside the conductor must vanish.47 IES EE 2001 (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 3. (C) A is true but R is false co Assertion (A) : When there is no charge in the interior of a conductor the electric field intensity is infinite.

50 IES EE 2001 (C) 1 + 5 w.nodia.49 IES EE 2001 (A) . (B) . the ratio of stress in the air pocket to that in the dielectric is equal to (A) 1/5 (B) 5 (D) 5 .in MCQ 3.4e0 (C) . for a given applied voltage across the dielectric. The surface charge density on the interface is m .2e0 MCQ 3.co.1 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww at e *********** he lp.3e0 (D) . g When air pocket is trapped inside a dielectric of relative permittivity ‘5’.e0 co The electric field across a dielectric-air interface is shown in the given figure.3.156 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.3.

1. the current passing the plane z = 0 . the total current crossing the surface q = 90c.co. the total current flowing through a cross section is defined as I = # J : dS GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . So.0 < r < 1 m is I = ww w. the total current that passes through a given surface is defined as (z = 0 ) SOL 3. For a given current density. we have dS = (r sin qdf) (dr) a q for the surface q = 90c Therefore.nodia. the total current that passes through a given surface is defined as I = where dS is the differential surface area having the direction normal to the surface. So we have dS = rdrdfaz for the plane z = 0 Therefore. E # 6f@2p 0 2 0 = 10 # 3 # 2p = 60p A # ^r cos qa + r sin qa = # # r sin qdfdr 2 r=0 f=0 .1.in SOL 3. 0 # r # 2 is I = 2p he 2 # # 810e ^r a = 10 # # e rdzdf = 10 # # rdrdf z 2 f=0 r=0 2p 2 0 0 z 0 0 lp. r 2p 2 co q # J : dS + az hB : (rdrdfaz ) m Option (A) is correct. For a given current density.1 Shop Online at www.2 Option (C) is correct.1 I = where dS is the differential surface area having the direction normal to the surface. For a given current density.r2 afh : ^r sin qdfdraq h at q = 90c 4 1 = 6f@2p # :r D = 2p # 1 = p A 0 8 4 0 4 SOL 3.3 Option (B) is correct. ga te # J : dS 2 r 1 2p 3 2 r2 2 = 10 .0 < f < 2p.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 157 For View Only SOLUTIONS 3.1.

2 az rdrdfaz h r (r + 1) o^ SOL 3.r2 + 1 o^rdrdfh r=0 4 2 =-.1. the total current that passes through a given surface is defined as I = J : dS where dS is the differential surface area having the direction normal to the surface. # co m = 50 # 6r@16 # 10 # 6f@2p 0 0 -3 . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.20 sin f = > 1 2 (40) + 2 e 2 r2 r 2 z r + 1 oH =2 So. g 2p 20 rdr sin E.in where dS is the differential cross sectional area vector having the direction normal to the cross section.nodia.1.158 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.Jf = 0 and Jz =. we have the components J r = 40 . rv and the current density. J as 2v r =.4 Option (C) is correct. r < 4 is 20 sin f I = e 40 a r . From the equation of continuity we have the relation between the volume charge density. for the plane z = 2 So we have dS = rdrdfaz Therefore the total current crossing the plane z = 2 .5 Option (B) is correct. f = 0 fdfE r=0 r + 1 1 44 2 44 3 0 =4A at e f=0 = # # # 4 2p 20 sin f e . =-= 1 2 ^rJ rh + 1 + JG r2 r2 2 t z 2 r f .2 r (r + 1) 2J f 2 z 2v r Therefore.2 az A/m2 r (r + 1) 20 sin f So. volume charge density will be constant with respect to time.co. he # lp.d : J t 2 Given the current density. So we have dS = rdrdfaz (since the cylindrical wire is lying along z -axis) Therefore the total current flowing through the wire (cross section) is I = b 50 az l : ^rdrdfaz h r = # 16 # 10-3 r=0 # 2p f=0 50 b r l^rdrdfh = 60 # 16 # 10-3 # 2p SOL 3. 20 sin f J = 40 a r . For a given current density.

SOL 3.10 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. As we have already calculated the voltage between the two cylindrical surfaces and the current flowing radially outward in the medium between the surfaces is given in the question.7 =. the electric field intensity is defined as E = J = 1 b 3 ar l s 2pr s 3 ( r = 4 # 10-2 m .1.1.co. Power dissipated in the medium is P = VI = (4. Since voltage between the cylindrical surfaces is V = 4.1.88 = 0. the voltage between them will be 5.9 SOL 3. the electric SOL 3.1. Given the current I = 6 A is flowing radially outward (in a r direction) through the medium between the cylinders.I = 6 A ) R = V = 4.in SOL 3.8 Option (C) is correct.nodia. V =.5.813 W 6 I Option (A) is correct.88 volt .E : dl Now the electric field intensity in the medium between the two cylindrical surfaces as calculated in previous question is E = 1 b 3 ar l s 2pr and the differential displacement between the two cylindrical surfaces is dl = dra r So the voltage between the cylindrical surfaces is 5 # 10-2 3 a : dra =.6 Option (C) is correct. Voltage between the cylindrical surfaces is defined as the line integral of the electric field between the two surfaces co For View Only Shop Online at www. So the current density in the medium between the cylinders is 6 (l = 2 m ) a J = I ar = 2pr # 2 r 2prl = 5 a r A/m2 2pr For a given current density in a certain medium having conductivity s. So the resistance between the cylindrical surface can be evaluated directly as (V = 4. Consider a constant voltage is applied across the ends of the wire so. ga te # i.88 volt .88 volt So. s = 0.3 ln 5 V =rl b ^ rh 2ps b 3 l r = 3 # 10-2 2prs # he lp.28 watt Option (B) is correct.73 V/m m .88 volt and current flowing in the medium is I = 6A So.1.88) # 6 = 29. Option (C) is correct.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 159 SOL 3.e.05 S/m ) = 2p # 4 # 10-2 # 0.05 = 238.

85 # 10-12 # 40 # 103 er = 1 + 0. J2 is the current density in the material having conductivity s2 .1) E 6. So.1 # 10-16h and since the polarization in a material is defined as the dipole moment per unit volume. SOL 3. comparing the result with equation (i) we get. So.0177 = 1. q = 1.12 So.e. p = ^1.13 Option (C) is correct.ve charge) and a single proton ( + ve charge).1.. er = 2 . .5 # 1025 atoms/m3 So. P = np 19 i.25 # 10-9 C/m2 he lp. n = 5. P = ^5.1 # 10-16 m So. When an electric field E is applied to a material with dielectric constant er then the polarization of the material is defined as P = e0 (er .nodia.25 # 10-9 er .. E = J1 = J 2 s1 s2 where J1 is the current density in the material having conductivity s1 .11 SOL 3. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w..1 = P = = 1..e.e.6 # 10-19h # ^7.. it will be independent of both r and R. the dipole moment due to one atom of the hydrogen will be where q is electronic charge and d is effective length p = qd i.5 # 10 atoms/cm3 = 5. Since hydrogen atom contains a single electron (.1. E and flux density.1. co m For View Only Shop Online at www.1 # 10-16h = 4.(i) D = 2e0 E and since the relation between the electric field.5 # 1025h # ^1.7655 # 10-2 e0 E 8.0177 at e Option (A) is correct. i. then the electric flux density in the material is defined as D = e0 E + P = e0 E + D/2 or .the ratio of the current density is J1 = s1 s2 J2 i. g Option (D) is correct.160 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 SOL 3.6 # 10-19 C and d = 7.e..co. Therefore where n is the number of atoms per unit volume.6 # 10-19 # 7... Given D = 2P & P = D/2 If the polarization of a dielectric material placed in an electric field E is P .in field intensity throughout the wire cross section will be constant. D inside a dielectric material with dielectric constant er is defined as D = e0 er E So..

E =.nodia.10az kV/m Therefore the electric flux density in the region 2 is D2 = er2 e0 E2 = 5 # 8.e.e.10az E1n = 20ay From the boundary condition.14 Option (D) is correct.6 # 500ay = 4. i.55ay .1.10az h + ^8ay h = 50ax + 8ay .1) # ^500ay h = 8.17 Option (D) is correct. the tangential component of electric field will be uniform. Energy density in the region having electric field intensity E2 is defined as SOL 3.85 # 10-12 (50ax + 8ay .0. co Option (B) is correct.1.1h E = ^8.d V V V 2 a +2 a +2 a =-c V x x y z 2 2 y 2 zm = 250ay V/m SOL 3.10az ) # 103 = 3.44az mC/m2 Option (B) is correct. Electric field intensity is defined as the negative gradient of the potential i. E2t = E1t = 50ax .in SOL 3.66 # 10-9 ay lp.18 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.85 # 10-12 # 0. the polarization of the material is defined as P = e0 ^er .1.1.08ay nC/m2 m .6 . ga te he Option (C) is correct.10az and the normal component of the field is nonuniform and given as e2 E2n = e1 E1n E1n = e1 E1n = 2 ^20ay h = 8ay e2 5 So the electric field intensity in the second region is E2 = E2t + E2n = ^50ax . For a given electric field intensity E in a material having relative permittivity er . Since the two regions is being separated by the plane y = 0 . For an applied electric field intensity E in a material having relative permittivity er . so the tangential and normal component of the electric field to the plane y = 0 are given as E1t = 50ax .15 SOL 3.16 SOL 3.1.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 161 For View Only Shop Online at www. the electric flux density is defined as : D = er e0 E er = 8/5 = 8 # ^8.85 # 10-12h (1.co.21ax + 0.85 # 10-12h # (500ay) 5 = 9.

Din = eEin = 4e0 E 0 az = e0 E 0 az 4 Option (A) is correct. E1t = E2t = E 3t but the normal component of electric fields are non uniform and defined as e1 E1n = e2 E2n = e3 E 3n Since (Given) e1 = e3 So. Total energy stored in a region having electric field is given as W = 1 e0 ^E : E h dv 2 v (E = E1 + E2 ) = 1 e0 ^E1 + E2h : ^E1 + E2h dv 2 v 2 2 = 1 e0 ^E 1 + E 2 + 2E1 : E2h dv 2 v 2 2 = 1 e0 E 1 dv + 1 e0 E 2 dv + e0 ^E1 : E2h dv 2 v 2 v he # 1 = W1 + W2 + # e ^E : E hdv 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp.10az kV/m So the energy density in the region 2 is WE = 1 # 5 # e0 6(50) 2 + (8) 2 + (10) 2@ # 106 2 = 79 mJ/m3 ww SOL 3.. So from the boundary condition the field normal to the surface are related as eEin = e0 E ( e = 4e0 ) Ein = e0 E 0 az = E 0 az 4e0 4 Therefore. According to boundary condition the tangential components of electric field are uniform .e. the field will be normal to the boundary of plane dielectric slab.co.. g # # # # at e v 0 SOL 3. .1.1.nodia.where the relative permittivity of the medium is er2 2 As calculated in previous question the electric field intensity is E2 = 50ax + 8ay .21 w. As the dielectric slab occupies the region 0 < z < d and the field intensity in the free space is in + az direction so.162 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.in WE = 1 er2 e0 E2 : E2 ..(i) i. co # m SOL 3.1.(ii) Ein = E 3n ! E2n and as the net electric field is given by (sum of tangential and normal component) E = Et + E n Therefore by combining the results of eq (i) and (ii) we get E1 = E 3 ! E 2 .20 Option (D) is correct.19 Option (D) is correct..

Qbound = = # ^P : a hdS . ga te Qbound = 0 he # P : dS .24 Option (A) is correct.23 Option (C) is correct.in SOL 3.5ax .1.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 163 For View Only Shop Online at www. the net cross sectional area is S = area of square cross section(bar) .p k cm2 4 The total resistance between the square ends is given as 8 R = l = p 6 -4 sS ^5 # 10 h # 9a9 . the bound surface charge density of the dielectric be rpS and the bound volume charge density be rpv . SOL 3.nodia.1.5) 2 = a9 . l =8m side of the square cross section.5 cm So.pr2 = (3) 2 . due to which the dielectric gets polarized with polarization P .(.area of circular cross section(hole) or S = a2 . So the total bound charge by the dielectric is given as Qbound = #r S pS dS + #r v pv dv So we have. Since for a given polarization P of a dielectric material. Resistance of a conductor of length l and having uniform cross sectional area S is where s is the conductivity of the conductor R = l sS Given the conductivity. Energy on a dipole with moment p in an electric field E is defined as WE =.# d : P dv v lp. the bound surface charge density over the surface of material is defined as rpS = P : an where an is the unit vector normal to the surface directed outward.p (0.4 k # 10 C = 2. s = 5 # 106 (Wm) -1 the length of the conductor.3 .# d : P dv S n v s But according to the divergence theorem # P : dS s = # d : P dv v Therefore.3) = 6 J SOL 3. a = 3 cm and radius of the bored hole.(.948 # 10-3 W GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2ax + 3ay) : (1.1.az ) =.d : P co m (dSan = dS ) . r = 0.22 Option (C) is correct. while the bound volume charge density inside the material is defined as rpv =. Consider a neutral dielectric is placed in an electric field E .co.p : E =.

The two materials of composite bar will behave like two wires of resistance RL (resistance due to lead) and RC (resistance due to copper) connected in parallel.164 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 SOL 3.01 m b = 2 cm = 0.1. Since the dielectric has been removed from the portion defined by ^ p < f < ph 2 so the composite capacitor will have the dielectric filled only in 3 th portion of 4 the total capacitor and so the configuration can be treated as the two capacitors connected in parallel with each other. Given the conductivity of material.85 # 10 1 .948 mW and since the area of the cross section filled with copper is equal to the area of the cross section defined by hole so we have cross sectional area SC = p cm2 4 length of the bar l =8m 1 1 and conductivity of the copper.1 1 1 ba .948) # (1.76) R = RC || RL = 1. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.76 -6 = 524.1.1.76 mW RC = l = p -4 1 SC sC ^ 4 # 10 h_ 1. co -8 m .948 + 1. As from the previous question we have the resistance due to the lead is RL = 1.nodia.27 SOL 3.b l 0.01 0.9 pF C = 4per e0 = 4p # 4 # 8.28 Option (D) is correct. G = 106 (W) -1 Since the conductance of a wire of length l having cross sectional area S is G = sS l 6 2 So we have.1.72 # 10 i Therefore the equivalent resistance of the composite bar is (1.co. Given the radii of spherical shell as a = 1 cm = 0. sC = = resistivity of the copper 1.25 Option (D) is correct.72 # 10-8 So the resistance due to copper is 8 = 1.in SOL 3. (S = pr2 ) 106 = 10 # pr l l r = p Option (C) is correct.62 # 10 W lp. g at e he For View Only Shop Online at www.02 Option (B) is correct.26 SOL 3.02 m The capacitance of a spherical capacitor having inner and outer radii a and b respectively is defined as -12 = 8. s = 106 (Wm) -1 and conductance of the wire.

7 # 10-12 = 6. Capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor is defined as C = eS d where S is the surface area of the parallel plates d is the separation between the plates Here.co.1 4 4 a b 0.66 + 6.56 pF The capacitance of the portion carrying dielectric( er = 4 ) as the medium between the spherical shells C2 = 3 # C 4 Where C is the capacitance if no any portion of dielectric was removed as already calculated in previous question.01 0.1. Ceq = C1 + C2 = 0. co m .Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 165 For View Only Shop Online at www.001 lp.7 pF 4 Therefore the equivalent capacitance of the composite capacitor is.9 # 10-12 = 6. So we have C2 = 3 # 8. ga te So the capacitance of the region 1 is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he C1 = er1 e0 S = 2500e0 S 0.in The capacitance of the portion carrying air( er = 1) as the medium between the spherical shells -12 C1 = 1 # 4pe0 = 1 # 4p # 8.02 = 0.12 SOL 3.29 Option (D) is correct.85 # 10 1-1 1 .nodia.56 # 10-12 = 0.7 = 2. the three different regions will be treated as the three capacitors connected in series as shown below ww w.

166

Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

For View Only

For which the capacitances are calculated as below GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

SOL 3.1.31

Option (D) is correct. The equivalent arrangement of the capacitor can be drawn in form of circuit as below

w. g

at e

he

lp.

co

SOL 3.1.30

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in the capacitance of the region 2 is C2 = er2 e0 S = 2000e0 S 0.002 the capacitance of the region 3 is C 3 = e0 S = 500e0 S 0.002 Therefore the equivalent capacitance of the whole configuration is calculated as 1 = 1 + 1 + 1 = 1 1 + 1 + 1 Ceq C1 C 2 C 3 e0 S b 2500 2000 500 l So, Ceq = 3.45 # 102 e0 S The capacitance per square meter of surface area will be C Ceql = eq = 3.45 # 102 e0 = 4.05 nF/m2 S Option (B) is correct. Capacitance between the two cylindrical surfaces is defined as C = 2pel ln ^b/a h Where l " length of the cylinder a " inner radius of the cylinder b " outer radius of the cylinder Since, the medium between the conducting cylinders includes the dielectric layer ^er = 4h from r = 4 cm to r = 6 cm and air^er = 1h from r = 6 cm to r = 8 cm , so the configuration can be treated as the two capacitance connected in series. Now for the dielectric layer ( er = 4 ) from r = 4 cm to r = 6 cm , capacitance is (l = 1 m ) C1 = 2pe0 er 1 = 8pe0 ln (1.5) ln (6/4) and for the air medium ^er = 1h from r = 6 cm to r = 8 cm , capacitance is C2 = 2pe0 # 1 = 2pe0 ln (8/6) ln (4/3) So, the equivalent capacitance of the configuration is evaluated as 1 = 1 + 1 = ln (1.5) + ln (4/3) 8pe0 2pe0 C1 C 2 Ceq Ceq = 143 pF

m

Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

167

For View Only

SOL 3.1.32

So the total resistance of the medium between plates is R = d sS and capacitance of the capacitor is C = eS d Therefore the time constant of the capacitor will be t = RC = e s ***********

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

he

lp.

co

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in -4 e S/2 e0 S = e0 # 10 #-10 = e0 = C1 = 0 3 4 d d/2 4 # 10 e e S/2 er e0 S = = 3e0 er = 3 C2 = r 0 4 d d/2 -4 e S/2 = e0 # 10 # 10 3 = e0 C3 = 0 8 d 2 # 4 # 10 Therefore the equivalent capacitance of the capacitor is e0 3e0 C1 C2 = e0 + 4 4 = e0 = 2.76 pF Ceq = C 3 + e0 + 3e0 8 4 C1 + C 2 4 4 Option (C) is correct. As the medium between capacitor plates is conducting so it carries the resistive as well as capacitive property. Consider the plates are separated by a distance d and the surface area of plates is S as shown in the figure.

m

168

Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

For View Only

SOLUTIONS 3.2

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in

I =

# J : dS

SOL 3.2.2

Option (A) is correct. From the equation of continuity we have the relation between the volume charge density, rv and the current density, J as 2v r =- d : J 2 t and since the current density have only the component in ar direction so we have, 2v r =- 12 2 ^r2 Jr h 2 t r 2r 3 2v r =- 12 2 br2 1 e-10 t l r 2 r 2 t r Integrating both sides we get, 3 rv (r, t) =- 12 e-10 t dt + f (r) r where f (r) is the function independent of time. -3 3 rv (r, t) = 102 e-10 t + f (r) r Now for t " 3 rv (r, t) = 0 So, we put the given condition in the equation to get f (r)= 0 -3 3 therefore rv (r, t) = 102 e-10 t r 1 i.e. rv (r, t) \ 2 r

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

w. g

#

at e

he

3 3 -3 = 1 e-10 t 4pr2 = 4p # (6) 2 # 1 # e-10 # 10 6 r -1 -1 = 4p # 3 # e = 12pe

lp.

where dS is the differential surface area having the direction normal to the surface. Since the current density is independent of q and f so we can have directly the current I = J : S = J (4pr2 ar )

co

m

SOL 3.2.1

Option (D) is correct. For a given current density, the total current that passes through a given surface is defined as

Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

169

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in SOL 3.2.3 Option (B) is correct. The velocity of charge density can be defined as the ratio of current density to the charge density in the region -103 t ar J = (1/r) e i.e. v = = 103 r ar 2 -103 t -3 rv 10 /r h e ^ So, at r = 0.6 m , v = 103 # 0.6ar = 300ar m/s

SOL 3.2.4

. The work done to carry a unit positive charge from a point located at a distance a from the line charge with charge density rL to another point located at a distance b from the line charge is defined as r Vab =- L ln b b l 2pe0 a and since the surface y = 0 has zero potential, so the potential at point P will be equal to the work done in moving a unit positive charge from the plane y = 0 to the point P . So the potential at point P will be rL VP =ln b 2pe0 b a l where a is the distance of the surface y = 0 from the line charges while b is the distance of point P from the line charges. -12 So, VP =- 5 # 10 =- ln b 1 l - ln c 2 m + ln c 10 m + ln c 17 mG 2pe0 2 1 1 2 =- 0.3 volt

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

/

he

lp.

co

m

Option (D) is correct. The given problem can be solved easily by using image theory as the conducting surface y = 0 can be replaced by the equipotential surface in the same plane y = 0 and image of line charges ( rl =- 5 pC/m at x = 0 , y =- 1 and x = 0 , y =- 2 ) as L shown in the figure

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Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

= 0.12ax - 0.0032ay = 0.12ax - 0.003ay V/m

ww

(S is the cross sectional area) Q pS = rpS ds = rS1 S + rS2 S =- 3 S + 53 S = 50 S Now, the bound volume charge density inside the material is rpv =- d : P =- d : (2y2 + 3) ay =- 4y So the total bound volume charge stored inside the material will be 5 y2 5 Q pv = rpv dv = (- 4y) Sdy =- 4S ; E - 50S 2 0 0 So, Total bound charge Qbound = QS + Qv = 50 S - 50 S = 0

w. g

# #

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

at e

#

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SOL 3.2.6

Option (C) is correct. For a given polarization P inside a material, the bound surface charge density over the surface of material is defined as rpS = P : an where an is the unit vector normal to the surface directed outward. while the bound volume charge density inside the material is defined as rpv =- d : P Since the component of polarization of rod along y -axis is Py = 2y2 + 3 . So, the polarization of the material is P = (2y2 + 3) ay . and the charge density on the surface of the rod is rpS = P : an At y = 0 (top surface) rS1 = (2y2 + 3) ay : ^- ay h =- 3 At y = 5 (bottom surface) rS2 = (2y2 + 3) ay : (ay)= 53 and since the polarization has no radial component so no charge will be stored on its curvilinear surface and so the total bound surface charge on the surface of the rod is

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For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in SOL 3.2.5 Option (C) is correct. Electric field at a distance R from a line charge having uniform charge density rL is defined as r E = L R2 2pe0 R So the net electric field intensity produced at the point P due to the four line charges discussed in previous question is given as rL R E = 2pe0 R 2 where R is the distance of point P from the line charges r (- 1, - 2, 0) - (0, 1, 0) (- 1, - 2, 0) - (0, 2, 0) Therefore, + E = l > 2pe0 (- 1, - 3, 0) 2 (- 1, - 4, 0) 2 (- 1, - 2, 0) - (0, - 1, 0) (- 1, - 2, 0) - (0, - 2, 0) H (- 1, - 1, 0) 2 (- 1, 0, 0) 2 -12 (1, 3, 0) (1, 4, 0) (1, 1, 0) (1, 0, 0) = 5 # 10 ;+ + 2pe0 10 2 1 E 17

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For View Only SOL 3.2.7 Option (C) is correct.

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SOL 3.2.8

Electric field produced by the point charge at a distance r is q E = 1 2 ar 4pe0 r So, the induced dipole moment in the neutral atom due to the electric field E produced by the point charge will be aq p = aE = ar 4pe0 r2 and since the electric field intensity produced due to a dipole having moment p at a distance r from the dipole is defined as p Edip = 2 cos qar + sin qa q h 4pe0 r3 ^ where q is the angle formed between the distance vector r and dipole moment p So the field produced by the induced dipole at the point charge is aq 2b 4pe0 r2 l 2p 2a q (q = p as shown in the figure) = Edip = = 4pe0 r3 4pe0 r3 4pe0h2 r5 ^ Therefore the force experienced by the point charge due to the field applied by induced dipole is q 21 F = qEdip = 2a b 4pe0 l r5 2 = 2a b 1 # 10-9 # 9 # 109 l # 1 5 9 (1) Option (B) is correct. Electric field intensity produced due to a dipole having moment p, at a distance r from the dipole is defined as p Edip = 2 cos qar + sin qa q h 4pe0 r3 ^ where q is the angle formed between the distance vector r and dipole moment p So the electric field intensity produced due to dipole P1 at P2 is -9 p1 ( q = p/2 ) a q = 2 # 10 3 a q E1 = 4pe0 r3 4pe0 # (1) Therefore the torque on P2 due to P1 is T = p 2 # E1 Taking the magnitude only we have the torque on P2 is -9 T = p2 E1 sin q = ^9 # 10-9hc 2 # 10 m sin 90c 4pe0 -8 = 1.62 # 10 N-m = 0.16 mN- m

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

SOL 3.2.10

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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Option (A) is correct. For a given polarization P inside a material, the bound volume charge density inside the material is defined as rpv =- d : P Since the polarization of the sphere is P (r)= 2rar So the bound volume charge density inside the sphere is rpv =-4: P ^r h =- 12 2 (r2 2r) =- 12 # 6r2 =- 6 r r2 r Therefore the electric field intensity inside the sphere at a distance r from the center is given by r # 4 pr 3 Q enc ar = 1 pv 2 3 E = 1 ar 4pe0 r2 4pe0 r rr = v ar =- 6r ar =-b 2 l rar e0 3e0 3e0 So the radial component of the electric field inside the sphere is Er =- 2 r e0 which is linearly decreasing with a slope b- 2 l with respect to r as shown below : e0

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For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in SOL 3.2.9 Option (C) is correct. Electric field intensity produced due to a dipole having moment p, at a distance r from the dipole is defined as p Edip = 2 cos qar + sin qa q h 4pe0 r3 ^ where q is the angle formed between the distance vector r and dipole moment p So the electric field intensity produce due to dipole P2 at P1 is p2 9 # 10-9 2a (q = p ) E2 =# r 3 2ar =4pe0 r 4pe0 (1) 3 Therefore the torque on P1 due to P2 is T = p1 # E 2 Considering the magnitude only we have the torque on P1 is -9 ( q = p/2 ) T = p1 E2 sin q = 2 # 10-9 # c - 9 # 10 # 2 m 4pe0 = 3.64 # 10-4 N- m = 0.32 mN- m

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Chap 3

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173

SOL 3.2.12

SOL 3.2.13

Option (A) is correct. Since the total bound charge by a polarized neutral dielectric is zero as discussed in MCQ. 33. So for any point outside the spherical shell the total enclosed charge(bound charge) will be zero and as discussed in the previous question, according to Gauss law the electric field intensity at any point outside the spherical shell will be zero. So, for the surface r = 7 Qenc = 0 Therefore the electric field intensity is E = 0

SOL 3.2.14

Option (A) is correct. As we have to find electric field at r = 5 m so we determine first the charge enclosed by the surface r = 5 m which will be equal to the sum of the volume charge stored in the region 2 # r # 5 m and the surface charge stored at r = 2 m . Since for a given polarization P of a dielectric material, the bound volume charge density inside the material is defined as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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Option (C) is correct. Since the spherical shell is of inner radius r = 2 m so region inside the sphere will have no polarization and therefore the total charge enclosed inside the shell for r < 2 m will be zero. i.e. Qenc = 0 According to Gauss law the total outward electric flux from a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by the surface and since the total enclosed charge for r < 2 m is zero so the electric field intensity at r = 1 m will be zero.

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For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in SOL 3.2.11 Option (A) is correct. For a given polarization P of a material, the bound surface charge density over the surface of material is defined as rpS = P : an So the bound surface charge density over the spherical surface is (an = ar ) rpS = P ^r h : ar (at the spherical surface r = a ) = 2r = 2a So, total bound surface charge over the sphere is Q pS = 2a # 4pa2 = 8pa3 and the bound volume charge density inside the sphere as calculated above is rpv =- 6 So, total bound volume charge inside the sphere is Q pv = rpv b 4 pa3 l = (- 6) # b 4 pa3 l =- 8pa3 3 3 Therefore the total bound charge in the sphere is Qbound = Q pS + Q pv = 12pa3 - 12pa3 = 0 According to Gauss law the outward electric field flux through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by the surface and since the total bound charge for any point outside the sphere is zero So, the electric field intensity at any point outside the sphere is E = 0 .

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Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

For View Only

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SOL 3.2.15

Option (C) is correct. Since the electric field intensity at any point inside a conductor is always zero, so the electric flux density at a distance r from the center of the spherical conductor can be given as r<1 0, D =* Q ar , r > 1 m 4p r 2 where Q = 3 mC is the total charge carried by the conductor. and since the dielectric material surrounding the spherical conductor has permittivity er = 3 , so the electric field intensity at a distance r from the center of the sphere is Z r < 1m ] 0, ] Q E =] ar 1 < r < 2 m [ 4per e0 r2 ] Q ] ar r > 2 m ] 4pe0 r2 \ So, the total energy of the configuration is WE = 1 D : E dv 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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Now for a given polarization P inside a dielectric material, the bound surface charge density over the surface of dielectric is defined as rpS = P : an where an is the unit vector normal to the surface pointing outward of the material. So the bound surface charge density at r = 2 m is (an =- ar ) rpS = P ^r h : (- ar ) Therefore the total bound surface charge over the surface r = 2 m is (for spherical surface S = 4pr2 ) Q pS =- 5 # 4pr2 r r = 2m =- 5 # 4p # 22 =- 40p 2 So, the total enclosed charge by the surface r = 5 m is Qenc = Q pv + Q ps =- 60p - 40p =- 100p So the electric field intensity at r = 5 m will be, Q E = 1 # enc ar = 1 # - 100p ar =- 1 ar e0 4pe0 4pe0 r2 52

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rpv =- d : P So the bound volume charge density inside the dielectric defined in the region 2 # r # 6 m will be rpv =- d : P ^r h =- 12 2 br2 5 l =- 5 r r r2 r2 so the total bound volume charge in the region 2 # r # 5 m is 5 Q pv = rpv dv = - 5 # 4pr2 dr r r=2 5 =- 20p 6r @2 =- 60p

#

#

Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

175

**For View Only
**

1 = 1 = 0dr + 2 0

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#

#

2

1

**Q Q 2 c 4pr2 mc 4pe e r2 m^4pr dr h + r 0
**

2

#

3

2

**Q Q 2 c 4pr2 mc 4pe r2 m^4pr dr hG
**

0

1 dr r2 1 1 2 3 2 Q2 1 Q2 1 1+1 = - 1 D + 1 :- 1 D 1 = 8pe0 & 3 # 2 2 0 8p ' e0 er : r 1 e0 r 2

Q =1 4p 1 2 (4p) 2 ' e

2

#

1 dr + 1 e0 r2

#

3

=

(3 # 10-3) 2 # 9 # 109 8 # 12 2

SOL 3.2.16

i.e.

V =-

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Since the sphere has uniform charge density rv =0.6 nC/m3 embedded in it, so the electric field intensity at a distance r from the center of the sphere can be given as Z ] rv r a , r<R ] 3er e0 r E =[ 3 ] rv R ar , r>R ] 3e r2 \ 0 where R is the radius of the sphere i.e. R = 1 m p So, the potential at the centre of sphere will be

# E : dl #

3 1/ p

0

rv 1 3 dr - 0 rv r dr 2c 3e0 r 3 1/ p 3e pm 2 0 3 1/ p r r =- v c 1 m # :- 1 D - v :r D 3e0 p r 3 3er e0 2 1/ p 3 r r r rv = vc 1 m # p+ v # 1 = v + 3e0 p 12e0 p 3e0 p 3er e0 2p -9 9 5rv 5rv = 5 # 0.6 # 10 # 9 # 10 = = 12pe0 3 # 4pe0 3

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0

(where differential displacement is dl = drar )

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Option (B) is correct. The electric potential at the centre of sphere will be equal to the work done to carry a unit charge from infinity to the centre of the sphere (the line integral of the electric field intensity from infinity to the center of the sphere)

m

= 3.7 # 10 4 J

( er = 2 ) rv =0.6 nC/m3

= 5 volt

SOL 3.2.17

Option (A) is correct. For a given polarization P of a material, the surface charge density over the surface of material is defined as rS = P : an where an is the unit vector normal to the surface directed outward of the material.

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

176

Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

=

SOL 3.2.18

# r dS + # r dv

S S v v

SOL 3.2.19

**# D : dS = 0 and therefore the flux lines will be continuous.
**

SOL 3.2.20

Option (A) is correct. Consider the surface charge density on the parallel plates is !rS so the electric flux density between the plates is defined as D = rS an where an is the unit vector normal to the surface of plates directed from one plate toward the other plate. Since permittivity changes from layer to layer, but the field is normal to the surface so electric flux density D will be uniform throughout the plate separation as from boundary condition. So the electric field intensity at any point between the parallel plates is rS an E = D = er = 2 (1 + 100a2) e0 er 2e0 (1 + 100a2) Therefore the voltage between the plates can be evaluated by taking the line integral of electric field from one plate to the other plate 0.1 rS an i.e. (dl = da ) V =- E : dl =c 2e (1 + 100a2) m : ^da h a=0 0 0.1 r da (the direction of a is along an ) = S 1 2e0 100 0 (0.1) 2 + a2 r 0.1 = S # 1 # 1 9tan-1 a a kC 2e0 100 0.1 0. 1 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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Option (A) is correct. The electric flux lines will be the same as the electric field intensity outside the cylinder but as the volume charge density is zero rv = 0 inside the cylinder so

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Option (C) is correct. As calculated above the volume charge density inside the cylinder is zero while the surface charge density at top and bottom surfaces are respectively + P and - P , so the cylinder can be considered as the two circular plates (top and bottom surface) separated by a distance L. Since the separation between the plates is larger than the cross sectional radius (L = 2r ) so the fringing field(electric field) will exist directed from the upper plate towards the lower plate.

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For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in while the volume charge density inside the material is defined as rv =- d : P Since the the cylinder has uniform polarization P . So, volume charge density inside the sphere is rv =- d : P = 0 and the surface charge density over the top and bottom surface of the cylinder is ( + P at top surface and - P at bottom surface) rS = P : an = ! P So the total bound charge by the cylinder is Qbound = QS + Qv = 6+ P (pr2) - P (pr2)@ + 0 = 0

Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

177

For View Only =

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rS 1 p - 0 = rS p C 2e0 # 10 9 4 80e0 Now charge stored at the parallel plates is where S is surface area of the plates Q = (rS ) (S) = rs # (0.2) S = 0.2 m2 So, the capacitance of the capacitor is evaluated as r (0.2) 16e0 Q C = = s# = p V (rs p) /80e0 -11 = 5.51 # 10

SOL 3.2.21

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SOL 3.2.22

Option (C) is correct. Consider the oil rises to a height h in the space between the tubes. So, the capacitance of the tube carrying oil partially will be treated as the two capacitors connected in parallel. Since the capacitance between the two cylindrical surfaces is defined as C = 2pel ln ^b/a h Where l " length of the cylinder a " inner radius of the cylinder b " outer radius of the cylinder So the capacitance of the portion carrying oil ( ce = 1) as the medium between the cylindrical surfaces is Coil = 2per e0 h = 4pe0 h ^er = ce + 1 = 2h ln ^3h ln ^3/1h and the capacitance of the portion carrying air( er = 1) as the medium between the cylindrical surfaces is 2pe0 ^1 - h h Cair = ln ^3/1h Therefore the equivalent capacitance of the tube carrying oil to the height h is (1 + h) C = Coil + Cair = 2pe0 ln (3) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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Option (C) is correct. For the two wire transmission line consists of the cylinders of radius b and separated by a distance 2h (centre to centre), the capacitance per unit length between them is defined as pe Cl = cosh-1 (h/b) Here, 2h = 2 cm and b = 0.2 cm -12 ( er = 2 ) So, Cl = p # 2 #-8.85 # 10 = 3.64 # 10-11 F/m 1 cosh ^1/0.2h So the charge per unit length on each wire will be, (Vo = 100 V ) Q = C lV0 = 3.64 # 10-11 # 100 = 5.64 # 10-9 C/m

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Electric Field in Matter

Chap 3

SOL 3.2.23

As the electric field intensity at any point P due to the uniformly charged plane with charge density rS is defined as r E = S an 2e0 where an is the unit vector normal to the plane directed toward point P r So we have, (an =- az ) E1 = S1 (- az ) 2e0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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Option (C) is correct. Consider the charge densities of the two surface of the slab is rs1 C/m2 and rs2 C/m2 as shown in the figure. As the sum of the charge densities is rso C/m2 so we have ...(1) rs1 + rs2 = rs0 and since the electric field intensity inside the conducting slab must be zero so, ...(2) E1 + E 2 = 0 where E1 is field inside slab due to charge density rs1 and E2 is field inside slab due to rs2

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For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in Since the energy stored in a capacitor is defined as where V is the applied voltage to the capacitor WE = 1 CV2 2 So the net upward force due to the capacitance is given by F = dWE = 1 V 2 dC = 1 V 2 2pe0 2 2 dh dh ln (3) and net downward force on the oil due to gravity will be F = mg = (0.01 gm/cm3) # p (b2 - a2) h # g mass density = 0.01 gm/cm3 = 0.01 # p (9 - 1) # 10-6 # h # g = 0.08phg 10-6 Since in equilibrium both the upward and downward forces are equal So, 0.08phg = 1 V 2 2pe0 2 ln (3) -12 0.08ph # (9.8) = 1 # (2 # 103) 2 # 2p # 8.85 # 10 2 ln (3) 3 2 (2 10 ) # 2 # 8.85 # 10-12 h =1# # 2 0.08 # 9.8 # ln (3) -5 = 4.11 # 10 m = 45.1 mm

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Chap 3

Electric Field in Matter

179

For View Only

SOL 3.2.24

So, the net electric field intensity inside slab 1 is rS11 r r r - a + S12 a + S21 a + S22 a = 0 2e0 ^ z h 2e0 z 2e0 z 2e0 z (an =- az for rS11 while an = az for rest of the charge densities) ...(1) - rs11 + rs12 + rs21 + rs22 = 0 and the net electric field intensity inside slab 2 is rS11 r r r (- az ) + S12 (- az ) + S21 (- az ) + S22 az = 0 2e0 2e0 2e0 2e0 (an = az for rS22 while an =- az for rest of the charge densities) - rs11 - rs12 - rs21 + rs22 = 0 Solving eq. (i) and eq (ii) we get, rs11 = rs22 and rs12 =- rs21

SOL 3.2.25

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rS2 (an = az ) a 2e0 z rs1 r From equation (ii) - a + s2 a = 0 2e0 ^ z h 2e0 z rs1 = rs2 Putting the result in equation (i) we get r rs1 = rs2 = s0 4 Option (D) is correct. As the slabs are conducting so net electric field inside the slab must be zero. and since the electric field intensity at any point P due to the uniformly charged plane with charge density rS is defined as r E = S an 2e0 where an is the unit vector normal to the plane directed toward point P E2 =

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m

...(2)

Option (C) is correct. As all the four surfaces form the boundaries of the conductors extending away from GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

27 Option (C) is correct. Again as discussed in above question. From the symmetry associated with the charge distribution the electric field must be radially directed. 10 C/m i.co.nodia. at r = 2 m rS = 0 and all the charge associated with the inner conductor resides on the surface r = 3 m.5yax . i.2.in the region between them so. there cannot be any charge on the surface r = 2 m . So.180 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 SOL 3. at r = 3 m rS = = 5 C/m2 3p 2p ^ 3 h Proceeding further we have for 5 < r < 6 m 2prlE r = 1 ^10 C/mh l e0 where l is length of the cylinder. for 5 < r < 6 m So E = 10 a r 2pe0 r GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Now the electric potential in the non conducting region is given as V = 5xy So the electric field intensity in the region is E =.5y for the surface x = 0 ) =. Then choosing Gaussian surfaces which are cylinders having the same axis ( r = 0 ) as the conductors and of length l .e. the surface charge density on the surface y = 0 will be given by rs = e0 En and since the field component normal to surface y = 0 is En =.5xay V From the conductor-free space boundary condition we have the surface charge density on the boundary surface defined as rs = e0 En where En is the normal component of the electric field intensity in the free space. g at e he lp.26 Option (D) is correct.5e0 x co For View Only Shop Online at www. since the field inside the conductor 2 < r < 3 m is zero. the medium outside the defined region is conductor and so the field intensity outside the region will be zero.d =.5x So. the surface charge density on the surface y = 0 is rs =.5y h (the normal component En =.2.e.5e0 y m . we get for r < 2 m ^2prl h E r = 0 (since there is no charge enclosed by the Gaussian surface) Thus for r < 2 m Er = 0 Now. SOL 3. the surface charge density on the surface x = 0 is rs = e0 ^.

2.85 # 10 So the net field intensity in the region z > 0 is E1 = E1t + E1n = 2ax + 3ay + 224az GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.29 Option (D) is correct. the tangential component of electric field on either side of the surface will be same. From the symmetry associated with the charge distribution the electric field must be radially directed. E2t = 2ax + 3ay and the normal component.e.1 C/m2 r p 2pe0 (5) r m 2p ^ 5 h = 1 $6 C/m .2.a rh 10 a : (.. i.6rS @at r = 5 2p ^5 h. As.2az Therefore the field components in region ^z > 0h are E1t = E2t = 2ax + 3ay -9 r and E1n = E2n + s = . co m SOL 3. ga te he lp. E1t = E2t while the normal components are related as r E1n .E2n = s e0 now as the field intensity in the region z < 0 is E2 = 2ax + 3ay . there is no charge enclosed by the surface r = 2 m so we get for r < 2 m Er = 0 Now from the conductor-free space boundary condition we have the surface charge density on the boundary surface defined as rs = e0 En where En is the normal component of the electric field intensity in the free space.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 181 For View Only Shop Online at www. E2n =. So the charge density at r = 2 m is rS1 = Er = 0 Therefore the total charge will be concentrated over the outer surface which is given as Q rS2 = = 9 = 1 C/m2 4pr2 2p ^3h2 8p .2 + 2 # 10 -12 E az = 224az e0 8.10 =.nodia.in This the field produced by the inner conductor but the fact is that the field inside the conductor 5 < r < 6 m is zero that gives 6rS@at r = 5 m = e0 6E@at r = 5 : ^.co.a ) =. From the boundary condition for the charge carrying interface. 2p ^6 h = 1 ^6 + 10h = 4 12p 3p = e0 c and 6rS@at r = 6 m SOL 3.2az So the tangential component.28 Option (C) is correct.

3e0 and the surface charge density at y = 1 m is (an = ay ) 6rps@at y = 1 = P : ^ay h 2 = 84 . So from the boundary condition the field normal to the interface of dielectrics are related as (where Ei is the field inside the dielectric) er e0 Ei = e0 E Ei = E = 10ax = 2ax 5 er So. polarization inside the dielectric is P = 64 . the field will be normal to both the boundary surfaces y = 0 and y = 1. the surface charge density over the surface of dielectric is defined as rpS = P : an where an is the unit vector normal to the surface directed outward of the dielectric.2.nodia. As the dielectric slab occupies the region 0 < y < 1 m and the electric field in the free space is directed along ay so.ay h 2 y=0 = 64 .^1 + y h@ e0 ay Since for a given polarization P inside a material. So.30 Option (C) is correct.32 Option (C) is correct.^1 + y h B e0 ^1 h = ^4 .e0h Ei = 8e0 ax SOL 3.e0 Ei = 4e0 2 Ei .e0h Ei = ^5e0 .in SOL 3. As calculated in previous question.^1 + y h@ e0 ^. co m (er = 5) .1h e0 =.2. So from the boundary condition the field normal to the interface of dielectrics are related as (where Ei is the field inside the dielectric) eEi = e0 E ^1 + y h2 since e = 4e0 2 Ei = e0 ^1 + y h2 E = 4a 4e0 4 ^ yh ^1 + y h 2 = ^1 + y h ay So the polarization inside the dielectric is P = eEi .co. the bound surface charge density at y = 0 is (an =.^1 + y h B e0 ay Now for a given polarization P inside a dielectric material.1h =-^4 .2. x = 0 of the dielectric slab.e0 Ei = e 4e0 2 . the polarization inside the dielectric is P = ^e .ay ) 6rps@at y = 0 = P : ^. As the dielectric slab occupies the region x > 0 and the electric field in the free space is directed along ax so.e0 o^1 + y h2 ay ^1 + y h ^1 + y h 2 = 84 . g at e he lp. the bound volume charge density inside the material is defined as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.4h e0 = 0 SOL 3.182 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.31 Option (D) is correct. the field will be normal to the boundary surface.

2. As the charge is being located at origin so the field intensity due to it will be in radial direction and normal to the surface of the dielectric material.nodia. the volume charge density will be linearly increasing.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 183 For View Only Shop Online at www. Consider the parallel sheets arrangement as shown in the figure.co. Electric field intensity at any point P due to the uniformly charged plane with charge density rS is defined as r E = S an 2e where an is the unit vector normal to the plane directed toward point P and e is the permittivity of the medium.34 Option (C) is correct.d : P So the volume charge density inside the dielectric is rv =. SOL 3. Therefore the flux density will be uniform(as from boundary condition) and at any point r inside the dielectric flux density will be Q D = ar 4pr 2 Now it is given that electric field intensity at any point inside the dielectric is Q E = ar 4pe0 b2 and since in a medium of permittivity e = er e0 the flux density is defined as D = er e0 E So for the given field we have Q Q ar = er e0 c ar 4p r 2 4pe0 b2 m 2 er = b2 r he lp.33 SOL 3. co m .2 84 . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. ga te Option (C) is correct.2.^1 + y h2B e0 y 2 = 2 ^1 + y h e0 So when we move from y = 0 to y = 1 m .in rpv =.

824 # 102 Volt = 283 kV ^e = 4e0h 4e0 Option (C) is correct. As calculated in previous question the electric field between the two dielectrics having surface charge densities rS and .35 Option (C) is correct.rS is r E = S e where e is the permittivity of the medium between the sheets.6 # 10 -12 e0 2e0 4e0 8. As calculated in previous question the electric field between the two dielectrics having surface charge densities rS and .ay h 2e 2e so the net field intensity inside the dielectric will be -9 E = E1 + E2 = 5 # 10 ay e Since the field intensity is uniform inside the dielectric So potential difference between the plates will be directly given as V = E # (distance between the plates) -9 = 5 # 10 # 2 = 2. co m .85 # 10 = 57.5 # 10 ^. g at e / he lp.184 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www. r r So electric field in slab 1 is E1 = S = S e 2e0 r r and electric field in slab 2 is E2 = S = S e 4e0 Since the electric field between the sheets is uniform so the potential difference GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. r r So electric field in slab 1 is E1 = S = S e 2e0 r r and electric field in slab 2 is E2 = S = S e 4e0 Since the electric field between the sheets is uniform so the potential difference between the plates will be V = E # ^distanceh = E1^1 mh + E2 ^2 mh -9 r r r = S (1) + S ^2 h = s = 0.ay h = 5 # 10 ay ^an =.2.nodia.8 Volt SOL 3.rS is r E = S e where e is the permittivity of the medium between the sheets.in So the field intensity inside the dielectric due to the left sheet will be -9 E1 = 5 # 10 ^ay h ^an = ay h 2e and again the field intensity inside the dielectric due to right sheet will be -9 -9 E2 = .co.

e1 x d >a H 0 e + 1 a 2 k d k 0 Option (A) is correct.5 # 10-2h e0 Therefore the surface charge density is ^8. ga te -9 = 0. co m .e1 e1 e2 .38 Option (C) is correct.5 # 10-2h # he lp.e1 k x D = S0 ln a e2 k V = dx = e2 .85 # 10 Option (A) is correct.6 # 10 -12 = 64.36 SOL 3. So at any distance x from plate 1 permittivity is given by (Since the permittivity is linearly increasing) e = e1 + a e2 .in between the plates will be V = E # ^distanceh = E1^1 mh + E2 ^2 mh r r r = S (1) + S ^2 h = s e0 2e0 4e0 / SOL 3.e1 e2 .85 # 10-12h # ^5 # 103h rS0 = = 8. Assume that the surface charge densities on the plates is !rS0 so the electric field intensity between the plates will be r E = S0 e0 and the potential difference between the plates will be given by V = E # (Distance between plates) r 5 # 103 = b S0 l # ^0.2. The capacitor of a parallel plate capacitor is defined as C = eS d st So.2.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 185 For View Only Shop Online at www.e1 k x d So the field intensity at any point in the medium will be rS0 E = e2 .rS0 is defined as r E = S0 e where e is the permittivity of the medium between the plates. permittivity is e2 .e1 x e1 + a d k Therefore the potential difference between the plates will be d d rS0 r d rS0 ln :e1 + a e2 . the capacitance in 1 dielectric region will be C1 = e1 S = 3e0 S 1 1 nd and the capacitance in 2 dielectric region GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.nodia.37 SOL 3. Now consider that near the plate 1 permittivity is e1 and near the plate 2.co.2.8 Volt 8.85 mC ^0. The electric field between the plates carrying charge densities + rS0 and .

V2 = C1 V = ^9 h = 11 Volt C1 + C 2 3e0 S + 2e0 S 3 Shop Online at www. g Now the capacitance of the whole configuration will be considered as the three capacitors (capacitance in the three regions) connected in series as shown in the figure at e he lp.the configuration can be treated as the GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Consider the dielectric slab is of thickness t and d1 . C2 = e2 S and C 3 = e1 S t d1 d2 The equivalent capacitance. is defined as 1 = 1 + 1 + 1 = t + ^d1 + d2h eS eS Ceq C1 C 2 C 3 Since t . But if the slab is pulled outward then the capacitance will change as the effective surface area of the capacitance due to dielectric slab changes. m C2 = e2 S = 2e0 S 3 3 st Therefore the voltage drop in 1 dielectric region is (where V is total voltage drop) V1 = C2 V C1 + C 2 ^2e0 S/3h = ^9 Volth = 18 Volt 11 3e0 S + 2 e0 S 3 3e0 S 82 and similarly.in . d2 are the remaining width in the medium as shown in the figure.39 C1 = e1 S .186 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only SOL 3.40 Option (B) is correct.2. ^d1 + d2h will be constant although if the dielectric slab is moved leftward or rightward so the equivalent capacitance will be constant. co Option (C) is correct.nodia. the wire is coated with aluminum So. SOL 3. Since.co. So.2.

co. Given.5 Volt 3 2 ^2 h Now.2.(1) Jal = 19Jst Now. Est = Eal where Est " Field intensity insteel Eal " Field intensity in aluminum. the potential at point P (r = 2 . the potential field in free space V = 40 cos q sin f r3 So.pa2h where a " cross sectional radius of inner surface (steel wire) b " cross sectional radius of outer surface (with coating) Since. we get. so. V = VP = 2. thickness of coating is t = 2 # 10-3 So.e. ga te For View Only Shop Online at www.in two resistance connected in parallel and therefore.41 Option (A) is correct. co m . the total current through the wire is given as. 16 cos q sin f = r3 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. i. q = p . b = a + t = ^2 # 10-3h + ^2 # 10-3h = ^4 # 10-3h Therefore. Jst = Jal or. 80 = Jst p ^4 # 10-6h + Jal 6p ^16 # 10-6h . as the conducting surface is equipotential. sst sal where Jst " current density in steel Jal " current density in aluminum sst " conductivity of steel sal " conductivity of aluminum Jst = sst = 2 # 106 = 1 So.5 or r3 This is the equation of the conducting surface.10 # 10 A/m 232p # 10-6 he lp. the potential at any point on the conducting surface will be equal to the potential at point P ..Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 187 SOL 3.p ^4 # 10-6h@ or.(1)) 80 5 2 So. i. f = p ) is given as 3 2 VP = 403 cos a p k sin a p k = 2. 80 = Jst p ^4 # 10-6h + 19Jst 6p ^12 # 10-6h@ (from eq.. the field potential will be same across both the material or we can say that the field intensity will be same inside both material.8 # 107 19 . we get. Jst = = 1. sal Jal 3.e.nodia. I = Jst ^pa2h + Jal ^pb2 .5 Volt 40 cos q sin f = 2.

co m SOL 3.3ay + ay Again from the boundary condition the for normal component of electric flux density are uniform i.3ay + ay and E1n = 2ax From the boundary condition.3ay + az + 1. The surface charge density on a conductor is equal to the electric flux density at its boundary.e. i. So.3 Shop Online at www.427 # 10-13 Therefore.5eo E2n or E2n = 3 ax = 1.e.2 Option (A) is correct.6 GHz ) SOL 3.3 Option (B) is correct.co. tangential component of electric field is uniform.in lp.5eo 2ax = 2.3. the tangential and normal components of the field intensity in medium 1 are E1t =. The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor is defined as -12 -4 C = eo A = 8.3. we get 1.3. g at e he SOL 3.6 # 109 = 2. ( e = 80eo ) s = D = eE = 80e0 E = 80 # 8.2ax 2.854 # 10-12 # 2 = 1. the displacement current in one cycle Q I = = fQ = 4.85 # 10 -3 # 10 = 8.5 Thus. the net electric field intensity in the medium 2 is E2 = E2t + E2n =. The electric field of the EM wave in medium 1 is given as E1 = 2ax .3ay + 1az Since the interface lies in the x = 0 plane so. D1n = D2n or e1 E1n = e2 E2n So.188 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only SOLUTIONS 3. we get the tangential component of the field intensity in medium 2 as E2t = E1t =.59 mA T ( f = 3.41 # 10-9 C/m 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2ax .427 # 10-13 # 3.nodia.1 Option (B) is correct.85 # 10-13 = 4.85 # 10-13 d 10 The charge stored on the capacitor is Q = CV = 8.

5 SOL 3. The configuration shown in the figure can be considered as the three capacitors connected in parallel as shown below SOL 3.3. we get. So.co. e0 e1 ^S/3h C1 = d e0 e2 ^S/3h C2 = d e0 e3 ^S/3h C3 = d Since. The electric field is equal to the negative gradient of electric potential at the point.in SOL 3. the equivalent capacitance is Ceq = C1 + C2 + C 3 e0 e1 ^S/3h e0 e2 ^S/3h e0 e3 ^S/3h = + + d d d e0 S e1 + e2 + e3 = e1 + 5e2 + 2e3 C e0 S =b c m b bC = d l l 3 3 d l Option (B) is correct. Therefore.e.4ax V/m he lp.nodia. electric potential V = 4x + 2 So. co m . E =. the three capacitance are in parallel So.3. ga te Now.6 Option (D) is correct. The angle formed by the electric field vector in two mediums are related as tan a1 = e1 tan a2 e2 So. for the three individual capacitors the surface area is S/3 and the separation is d .dV Given. consider the distance between the two plate is d and the total surface area of the plates is S . i. for the given field vectors we have.4 Option (D) is correct. tan 60c = 3 tan a2 3 tan a2 = 1 or a2 = tan-1 ^1 h = 45c GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. E =.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 189 For View Only Shop Online at www.3.

3. Since.co. Capacitance of 1st plate is given as e ^1 # 1h e = C 1 = eS 1 = d d d nd The capacitance of 2 plate is e ^3 # 2h 6e = C 2 = eS 2 = d d d So. So. .3.11 Option (C) is correct.190 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.dV = E = 0 or V = constant i.3. we have Pi = e0 ^3 . (A) and (R) both true and R is correct explanation of A. The tangential component of electric field on conducting surface is zero (since the surface conducts current) So.e.in SOL 3. Consider the dielectric material with permittivity e1 is replaced by a dielectric material with permittivity e2 .10 SOL 3. g at e Option (C) is correct.9 SOL 3.e. the equipotential surfaces are circular (cylinder) i. the capacitance depends on the permittivity of the medium and so. The capacitance of parallel plate capacitor is defined as C = eS d i. Now. the ratio of capacitances is C2 = 4 C1 Option (B) is correct. under static condition we have. the electric field intensity ^Ei h inside the slab is given as eEi = e0 E 0 m . the polarization inside the slab is given as Pi = e0 Xe Ei where Xe is electric susceptibility defined as Xe = er . concentric equipotential lines.nodia. So.1. co Option (C) is correct. SOL 3. So. due to the replacement of the material between the plates the capacitance changes. The flux lines due to both the configurations (line charge and concentric circular conductors) are in straight radial direction.3.e.8 SOL 3. the charge is kept constant GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3. he e0 ^6ax h = 2ax 3e0 Therefore. the electric field is incident normal to the slab. Due to both the line charge and concentric circular conductors. the conducting surface is equipotential.1h Ei = 4e0 ax Ei = lp.7 Option (C) is correct.

17 SOL 3.3.nodia. all the three given quantities changes due to the replacement of material between the plates.14 SOL 3.in i. So.v t 2 2v r As for electrostatic field = 0 so.e. Option (A) is correct.15 Option (D) is correct. ga te Option (A) is correct. Thus. When we determine force using method of images then in this method. According to continuity equation we have 2 r d : J =. Option (C) is correct.13 Option (C) is correct. due to the change in capacitance voltage on the capacitor changes and therefore the electric field intensity between the plates changes. the potential every where on a conducting surface of infinite extent is zero. Since the conducting surface is equipotential so displacement density on a conducting SOL 3. Surface or sheet resistivity is defined as resistance per unit surface area. lp. we get t 2 d:J = 0 co m For View Only Shop Online at www. he SOL 3. the conducting surface is being removed and an additional distribution of charge is being introduced symmetrical to the existing charge distribution. The stored energy in the capacitance is defined as Q2 W = 2C As total stored charge Q is kept constant while capacitance changes so. Option (D) is correct.12 SOL 3.16 SOL 3. = 2s 2s So.3. Option (D) is correct.3. Q1 = Q 2 or. C1 V1 = C2 V2 So.co.3. Surface resistance of a metal is defined as wm 2pfm Rs . Electrostatic fields only. Since a conducting surface is equipotential so no electric field component exists tangential to the surface and therefore the electric field lines are normal to a conducting surface boundary. meter.3. .Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 191 SOL 3. as frequency ( f ) increases the surface resistance increases.3. The conducting surface is equipotential and since the potential at infinity is zero so.3. the unit of surface resistivity is Ohm/sq. the stored energy in the capacitance also changes.18 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.

Fringing field has been shown below in the figure The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1 # 10-6 C The energy stored in the capacitor is defined as 2 ^0.20 SOL 3. Q = 0. g Using image of the charge we have one negative charge opposite side of the plate at the same distance as shown in the figure and the force between them is ^1 h^.co. m Option (C) is correct.192 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www. SOL 3.1 mC = 0.3. So A and R both true but R is not correct explanation of A. at e he lp.3. Capacitance.nodia. co Option (A) is correct.19 SOL 3. C = 5 pF = 5 # 10-2 F Charge on capacitance.1 # 10-6h Q2 W = = = 1 mJ 2C 2 # 5 # 10-12 .3.in surface is normal to the surface.1h = -1 2 = -1 N F = 16pe0 4pe0 r2 4pe0 ^2 h Negative sign indicates that the direction of force is attractive. Consider the charge of 1 C is placed near a grounded conducting plate at a distance of 1 m as shown in figure.21 Option (D) is correct.

the total voltage on the spherical capacitor will be equal to the potential at its centre as calculated above.co. Therefore.nodia. and the displacement current density is D E Jd = 2 = e2 2 t 2 t = eE 0 ^w cos wt h = ewE 0 sin a p . co m Option (D) is correct.3.24 Option (A) is correct. the electric potential produced by the point charge + 10 mC at the centre of the sphere is -6 Q (Given r = 5 cm ) V = = 10 # 10 -2 4peo r 4pe0 ^5 # 10 h As the surface of sphere is grounded so. So. the induced charge stored on the sphere is given as ^10 # 10-6h Qind = CV = ^4pe0 a h 4pe0 ^5 # 10-2h ^2 # 10-2h # ^10 # 10-6h (Given a = 2 cm ) = ^5 # 10-2h = 5 # 10-6 C = 5 mC he lp. SOL 3. The capacitance of a solid infinitely conducting sphere is defined as C = 4pe0 R . A/d is tending towards infinity. So. the fringing field can be ignored only when the separation d between the plates is much less than the plate dimensions.wt k 2 So the phase difference between Jc and Jd is 90c.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 193 For View Only Shop Online at www. . Now.in C = e0 er A d It is valid only when the fringing is not taken into account.23 SOL 3.3. where R is radius of the solid sphere. for the fringing field taken under consideration. The electric potential produced by a point charge Q at the a distance r from it is defined as Q V = 4per where e is permittivity of the medium. Given electric field E = E 0 sin wt The conduction current is defined as Jc = s ^E h = sE 0 sin wt where s is conductivity and E is electric field intensity.22 SOL 3. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. ga te Option (C) is correct. the capacitance of the isolated sphere is defined as C = 4pea where a is the radius of the sphere. Now.3.

the total charge on capacitor = V (1) Electric field between the plates will be given as E =. I = 2 mA = 2 # 10-6 A Charging time.194 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www. the stored energy in the condenser immersed in oil is ^2. Given Capacitance of condenser.3. Given.5 So.3.28 Option (A) is correct. er = 2. i.5h^5 # 10-9h = 1.3.in SOL 3. C = 3 mF = 3 # 10-6 F Current.dV which is independent of permittivity of the material filled in capacitor so E will be constant.C = 0.5 # 10 2C(after immersion) 2 ^1.25 # 10-4 J After immersing the condenser in oil the capacitance changes while the total charge remains same.nodia.5 # 10-6 Coulomb The capacitance of the condenser after immersion is Cafter immersion = er C = ^2. SOL 3. g at e he lp.5 # 10-6h Q2 -4 .co.e. Method of images are used for the charge distribution at a distance from the grounded plane conductor.25 Option (D) is correct.26 SOL 3. V = 500 V (immersed oil) Permittivity of oil. co m .005 mF = 5 # 10-9 F Supply voltage. Capacitance. the energy stored in condenser before immersion is W = 1 CV 2 = 1 # 5 # 10-9 # ^500h2 2 2 = 6. (2) The displacement flux density inside the capacitor is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (A) is correct. the voltage across the charged capacitor is ^2 # 10-6h^8 h Q V = = C 4 # 10-6 = 5 Volt w.27 SOL 3. J W = = -8 = 2. Given. the total charge stored on capacitor is Q = Charge transferred = It = ^2 # 10-6h^6 h Therefore.25 # 10 h Option (D) is correct. Qafter immersion = Qbefore immersion = ^5 # 10-9h^500h = 2.3. t = 6 sec So.25 # 10-8 F Therefore.

Option (D) is correct.33 Option (A) is correct.29 SOL 3. At the fully charged condition. Statement 1.3. (3) The charge stored on the plates is given as Q = CV where V is constant but capacitance C will be doubled as it is directly proportional to the permittivity given as C = eS d So. . ga te Option (D) is correct. the statements 2 and 4 are correct.3. The capacitance of an insulated conducting sphere of radius R in vacuum is C = 4pe0 R SOL 3. Maximum withstand voltage is larger for any dielectric material than that for free space (air). the energy stored in the field (in the inductor) is W = 1 ^0.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 195 For View Only Shop Online at www. Since. current through the circuit is I = V = 50 = 10 A 5 R So.D2n = rs where rs is the surface charge density at the interface. the capacitance will get doubled.30 SOL 3.co. So. Therefore. the normal components of electric flux density across a dielectric-dielectric boundary is dependent on the magnitude of surface charge density. he lp.in D = eE As E is constant while permittivity is doubled so D will also be doubled.31 Option (A) is correct.6h^10h2 = 30 Joules 2 Option (A) is correct. So.32 SOL 3. the energy stored in the coil is only due to inductance and given as W = 1 LI 2 2 where L is the inductance and I is the current flowing in the circuit. resistance doesn’t store any energy.3. the charge on plates will be get doubled. Since the maximum withstand voltage across the capacitor filled with air is V so GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. 2 and 4 are correct while statement 3 is incorrect. SOL 3. inductor is short circuit and therefore. The normal component of electric flux density ^D h across a dielectric-dielectric boundary is given as D1n .nodia.3. co m (4) As discussed already.3. Maximum withstand voltage is the value that the dielectric between capacitor plates can toterate without any electrical breakdown.

the charge densities on the two sides is determined as below : r2 = C l2 V and r1 = C l1 V where C l2 and C l1 are the capacitance per unit area of the capacitance formed by the region d1 and d2 .3.37 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (A) is correct.3. co m For View Only Shop Online at www.196 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 SOL 3.36 Option (C) is correct. Electric flux density in a polarized dielectric is defined as D = P + e0 E w.nodia.in the maximum withstand withstand voltage for the composite capacitor will be also V as the capacitors are connected in parallel. The equivalent capacitance of series connected capacitance has the value less than the smallest capacitance here the smallest capacitance is C6 so the total capacitance is less then C6 i.34 Option (B) is correct. Ceq < C6 or Ceq . Since. the stored charge Q1 after filling dielectric is determined as below Q (Since voltage is constant) = C Q1 Ceq Q 5e0 A 2d = 2. Now. the potential on both sides of plate will be same (Consider the potential is V ). the capacitance before filling the dielectric is C = e0 A d and after filling the dielectric Ceq = C1 + C2 A/2 A/2 = 4e0 + e0 = 5e0 A d d 2d . = = d2 r 2 C l2 V e0 V d1 d2 lp. Q1 = e0 A d Therefore.5Q . So. So. Image theory is applicable only for static charge distribution (electrostatic field).co. Option (B) is correct.5Q or.3.3. the maximum withstand voltage of the capacitor is V and charge is 2. e0 V r1 C l1 V = d1 Therefore.e. C6 SOL 3. g at e he SOL 3.35 SOL 3.

38 Option (A) is correct. er = 5 Since.1 l D = 4 # 1 = 0.in SOL 3. For View Only Shop Online at www.41 Option (A) is correct. J is constant and therefore d # J = 0 So. the net electric field intensity in medium 2 is given as E2 = E2t + E2n = 5ax . the electric field intensity in medium 1. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 197 SOL 3.40 SOL 3. Therefore. the normal component of flux density is uniform at the boundary surface of two medium so. it can be assumed as the series combination of capacitances. i. the polarization of the slab is given as P = b er .2ay and E1n = 3az Now. D = 1 C/m2 Relative permittivity. the flux density inside the slab is D = 1 C/m2 Therefore. we get the field components as E1t = 5ax . So. For steady current in an arbitrary conductor the current density is given as J = I A and since I is constant So.nodia. Reason (R) is false. Given.3. the current density is solenoidal.39 Option (C) is correct.co. the field components in medium 2 are E2t = E1t = 5ax . i.e. the z -component of the field intensity in medium 2 is E2z = 6az co m . the net capacitance between two spheres is given as ^4pe0 Rh^4pe0 Rh i.2ay + 3az Since. ga te he SOL 3. the medium interface lies in plane z = 0 . So.8 er 8 Option (D) is correct.3. From the boundary condition for electric field we have E1t = E2t e1 E1n = e2 E2n So. Assertion (A) is true.2ay E2n = e1 E1n = 6az e2 Therefore.3. E1 = 5ax . Electric flux density.3. The capacitance of a isolated spherical capacitor of radius R is defined as C = 4pe0 R Since the two spheres are identical and separated by a distance very much larger then R.e. The reciprocal of resistivity is conductivity.e.2ay + 6az So. C = C1 C 2 = = 2pe0 R 4pe0 R + 4pe0 R C1 + C 2 lp.

44 SOL 3.e. Since. Dielectric constant. components is zero.43 SOL 3.3.C.C. we get E = rJ E =J s i.8 # 10 mho/m The ratio of conduction current density to the displacement current density is Jc = s we Jd Ic /A or. the displacement current density is defined as D Jd = 2 2 t So. components as derivative of D.45 SOL 3.3.in SOL 3. f = 50 Hz Medium permittivity. D = 2 C/m2 So.42 Option (C) is correct.1 l D = 4 # 2 = 2. it is generated by a change in electric flux and therefore the displacement current has only A. displacement current is much greater than conduction current. we get Jd >> Jc i. (A is cross sectional area) = s we Id /A GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (A) is correct.co.e.46 Option (D) is correct.nodia. er = 5 Flux density. So. So. i.198 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www. g at e Option (D) is correct. Conduction current.e.3. Displacement current density is defined as E Jd = e2 2 t and the conduction current density is defined as Jc = sE for a dielectric e must be larger while conductivity must tend to zero.3. s = 5. Ic = 1 A Operating frequency. co m . The ohm’s law in point form in field theory is expressed as below (For constant voltage) V = RI rl El = JA A where l is length integral and A is the cross sectional area. J = sE he lp. A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A.6 C/m2 er 5 Option (A) is correct. e = e0 Permeability m = m0 Conductivity. SOL 3. w. the polarization of the medium is given as P = b er .3.

of images is given by N = c 360c . Therefore the outward flux through any closed surface constructed inside the conductor must vanish. co Option (B) is correct.48 SOL 3. m .Chap 3 Electric Field in Matter 199 For View Only Shop Online at www.3. the no.47 SOL 3. Consider the two dielectric regions as shown below.in Id = we Ic = 2p # 50 # e0 (1) = 3. So. the electric field intensity is zero according to Gauss’s law the total outward flux through a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed. ga te Option (B) is correct. A is false but R is true.8 # 10 SOL 3. So all the charges inside a conductor is distributed over its surface.1m f Here the angle between conducting planes is f = 90c. he lp. When there is no charge in the interior of a conductor. Now if any charge is introduced inside a closed conducting surface then an electric field will be setup and the field exerting a force on the charges and making them move to the conducting surface.nodia. When the method of images is used for a system consisting of a point charge between two semi infinite conducting planes inclined at an angle f. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3.co.49 Option (D) is correct. N =3 and since all the images lie an a circle so we have the image charges as shown in figure.3 # 10-11 A s 5.3.

The stress is called the force per unit area which is directly proportional to the electric field intensity and electric field intensity is inversely proportional to the permittivity of dielectric material. ratio of stress is = =5 E2 1/e 1/5e0 co m .3e0 SOL 3. the normal components of the fields are. i.3. Option (D) is correct.^2e0h^2 h = rs rs =. g at e he *********** lp.in Since the field is normal to the interface So.200 Electric Field in Matter Chap 3 For View Only Shop Online at www.co.nodia.50 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. E\1 e 1/e0 1/e0 E1 = So. ^e0h^1 h .e2 E2n = rs (where rs is surface charge density on the interface).e. E1n = 1 and E2n = 2 From boundary condition we have e1 E1n .

CHAPTER 4 MAGNESTOSTATIC FIELDS .

List-II at e d 2 3 3 1 Conservative nature of magnetic field Gauss’s law lp.3 Magnetic field intensity H exists inside a certain closed spherical surface. (Notations have their usual meaning). Assertion (A) : For a static magnetic field the total number of flux lines entering a given region is equal to the total no. 1.1. d : B = 0 MCQ 4. (C) 0 at the outer surface of the sphere only. co 4. S (C) A is true but R is false. (D) A is false but R is true. MCQ 4. of flux lines leaving the region.202 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only EXERCISE 4. c. b. 2. d : D = rv m # J : dS = # H : dl L 3.1.1 (B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A. (A) Both A and R one true and R is the correct explanation of A. (B) 0 at the center of the sphere only. The value of d : H will be (A) 0 at each point inside the sphere.co.1 Shop Online at www. g c 4 4 1 2 Non existence of magnetic monopole # E : dl = 0 .1. (D) Can’t be determined as H is not given. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Codes : a (A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 3 b 1 1 4 4 w. Ampere’s law he Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below. Reason (R) : An isolated magnetic charge doesn’t exist.2 List-I a. d.nodia.in MCQ 4.

co m . 0.I az (A) I az 2a 2a (D) 2I az a lp. (C) I az 4a MCQ 4. 4.1.in MCQ 4.23af wb/m2 (B) 0.1.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 203 For View Only Shop Online at www.1. centered at origin and lying in the xy plane.4 The source which doesn’t cause a magnetic field is (A) A charged disk rotating at uniform speed (B) An accelerated charge (C) A charged sphere spinning along it’s axis (D) A permanent magnet MCQ 4. 4h.095af wb/m2 (C) 0. What will be the magnetic field intensity at origin ? (B) az A/m (A) 1 az A/m 2p (C) 2az A/m (D) .6 ww w.7 A circular conducting loop of radius 2 m. carries current I as shown in the figure. Magnetic field intensity at point (3.5 A circular loop of radius a .074af wb/m2 (D) 0.nodia.az A/m MCQ 4.1.8 The correct configuration that represents magnetic flux lines of a magnetic dipole is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he The magnetic field intensity a the centre of the loop will be (B) .074az wb/m2 MCQ 4. ga te A conducting filament carries a current 5 A from origin to a point ^3. centered at origin in the plane z = 0 carries a current of 4 A in the af direction.1. 0) due to the filament current will be (A) 0.co.

g at e MCQ 4.10 A long straight wire placed along z -axis carries a current of I = 5 A in the + az direction. co m The correct configuration that represents current I and magnetic field intensity H is .co.in MCQ 4.1.204 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.1.9 MCQ 4.nodia. The magnetic flux density at a distance r = 5 cm from the wire will be (A) 4 # 10-5 wb/m2 (C) 100 wb/m2 p w.1.11 For the currents and the closed path shown in the figure what will be the value of GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww # H : dl ? he (B) 2 # 10-5 wb/m2 (D) 2 # 10-6 wb/m2 lp.

1 ay 8p m .12 Shop Online at www. ga te In the free space a semicircular loop of radius a carries a current I .nodia.14 Magnetic field intensity inside the wire at a distance r (< R) from it’s center axes will be (A) non uniform (B) zero (C) uniform and depends on r only (D) uniform and depends on both r and R MCQ 4.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 205 For View Only (A) 30 A (C) .1.1.13 ww w.1.co.15 : A long cylindrical wire of cross sectional radius R carries a steady current I distributed over its outer surface. If I = 8 A . then the magnetic field intensity at point P is (C) 1 ay 8p MCQ 4.20 A MCQ 4.15 The magnetic flux density outside the wire at a distance r (< R) from it’s center axes will be proportional to (A) r (B) 1/r (C) r/R (D) 1/R GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.in (B) 20 A (D) 10 A Two infinitely long wires separated by a distance 2 m . carry currents I in opposite direction as shown in the figure. What will be the magnitude of magnetic field intensity at the centre of the loop ? (B) 2I (A) I a a (C) I 4a (D) 4I a Common Data for Question 14 . MCQ 4.1. (A) 5 ay p co (B) .5 ay p (D) .

1h respectively. 0.20 ww In a spherical co-ordinate system magnetic vector potential at point (r.1. 1.nodia. 0h and ^0. 0.1. m . 0h.co.206 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www. The magnetic field intensity above (y > 0 ) and below ^y < 0h the plane will be y>0 y<0 (A) (B) Ka 2 x . q.18 (C) 0 A/m MCQ 4. ^0. f) is given as A = 12 cos qa q . 0. Magnetic field intensity at origin will be (B) . 1h ? (A) 22m0 Wb/m (C) 14m0 Wb/m (B) 6m0 Wb/m2 (D) 6m0 Wb/m # Common Data for Question 17 . p) will be (A) 4af (B) 0 (C) 4a q (D) 36af MCQ 4.1. 1.17 (C) 0 A/m MCQ 4.1. 0h and ^1. g (B) constant at e Two infinite current carrying sheets are placed parallel to each other in free space such that they carry current in the opposite direction with the same surface current density.19 (C) linearly increasing from one sheet to other (D) none of these MCQ 4.10ay A/m (A) 11ay A/m (D) 20ay A/m co An infinite current sheet with uniform current density K = 15ax A/m is located in the plane z = 2 . What will be the value of B : dl around the closed path formed by the triangle having the vertices ^1.1. 0. The magnetic flux density at point (3.16 Two point charges Q1 and Q2 are located at ^0. .in MCQ 4.1. The magnetic flux density in the space between the sheets will be (A) zero he Magnetic field intensity at point (2.10ay A/m (D) 20ay A/m lp.18 MCQ 4.1.21 An infinite plane current sheet lying in the plane y = 0 carries a linear current density K = Kaz A/m .K ax 2 .K ax 2 Ka 2 x GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w. A current of 16 A flows from the point charge Q1 to Q2 along a straight wire connected between them. 5) will be (A) 10ay A/m (B) .

6az wb/m2 ww w.1.5) will be (C) . What will be the surface current density on the cylindrical surface at r = 8 cm .13az A/m . 0 # x # 1.23 The magnetic flux density at point (1.40ax .6az wb/m2 m (A) .0.in .2Kax .25 cm carries the uniform surface current densities 2az A/m and .3xyzaz wb/m co (B) 40ax + 80ay + 6az wb/m2 (D) 80ay .22 Shop Online at www.10/3 wb (D) 130/3 wb (C) 40 wb Statement for Linked Question 25 .Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 207 For View Only (C) (D) MCQ 4. ga te MCQ 4.1.3 cm and r = 0.1 # y # 4 will be (A) 20 wb (B) .8az A/m respectively and a current filament on the entire z -axis carries a current of 14 mA in the + az direction. .24 : MCQ 4.nodia.0. which will make the net magnetic field H = 0 for r > 8 cm will be (C) 64. vector magnetic potential at a point (x. .26 : An infinite current sheet with uniform surface current density K = 8ax A/m is located at z = 0 as shown in figure.13az A/m (B) + 0.3az mA/m (D) . z) is defined as A = 4x2 yax + 2y2 xay . In a cartesian system.10az A/m Statement for Linked Question 23 .1.2. .24 The total magnetic flux through the surface z = 4 .co.0. y.80ay . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (A) 40ax + 6az wb/m2 lp.K ay 2 2Kax Ka 2 y In the free space two cylindrical surfaces r = 0.

magnetic field intensity can be expressed as a gradient of scalar function.208 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.ax + ay .az (D) ax + ay + az MCQ 4. (B) A and R both are true and R is not the correct explanation of A.1.1.co. The current density at r = 2 m will be (B) 24az A/m (A) 12az A/m co m (C) 2m0 ax wb/m .2az w.26 The vector magnetic potential at z =. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww (C) . (D) 0 (D) In the free space.4m0 ax wb/m MCQ 4.2 will be (A) 4m0 ax wb/m (B) .27 (C) 4az A/m MCQ 4. g H = ^2z cos ay h ay + ^4z + ey h ax lp.25 Magnetic flux density at any point above the current sheet (z > 0) will be (B) 2m0 ay wb/m2 (A) .30 Assertion (A) : In a source free region. z) is given by H = 2r2 af A/m .1.1.1.29 Magnetic field intensity produced due to a current source is given as The current density over the xz plane will be (A) ^ax . f.1.28 he The current density that would produce the magnetic vector potential A = 2af in cylindrical coordinates is 1 a f m0 r2 (C) 2 af m0 r (A) (B) 2r2 a m0 f 2 a f m0 r2 at e MCQ 4.in MCQ 4. (D) R is true but A is false.2ax + ay . Reason (R) : Current density for a given magnetic field intensity is defined as J = d#H (A) A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A. magnetic field intensity at any point (r.ay .2m0 ay wb/m2 m (D) . (C) A is true but R is false.az h A/m2 (B) .4m0 ay wb/m (D) .m0 ay wb/m2 (C) 0 ay wb/m2 2 MCQ 4.nodia.

k az a The magnetic field intensity at the surface of the beam will be (B) a af (A) a af 6 3 m .5ax A. The current density within the conductor will be (A) 6raz A/m2 (B) 3az A/m2 (C) 6az A/m2 (D) 3raz A/m2 MCQ 4. If the loop carries a current I = 7 A flowing in clockwise as viewed from negative x -axis then.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 209 For View Only Shop Online at www. the current density is given as r For r < a J = 2 a1 .5 m is located in plane x = 0 . Which of the following is the correct relation between J and A ? (A) d = J (B) d2A = m0 J A (D) d2A =. ga te A circular loop of wire with radius R = 1. centered at origin. its magnetic dipole moment will be (A) 0.1.1.m0 J lp.nodia.1.33 (C) d # A =.32 MCQ 4.31 Magnetic field intensity produced at a distance r from an infinite cylindrical wire located along entire z -axis is 3raf A/m . 2 (C) 2pa af 3 co 2 (D) a af 3 An electron beam of radius a travelling in az direction.5.m2 (D) 22ax A.co.5ax A.12ax A.1.m2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in MCQ 4.34 (B) .mJ MCQ 4.m2 (C) 5.m2 *********** he In a certain region consider the magnetic vector potential is A and the current density is J .

3.0.1az A/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e A filamentary conductor is formed into an equilateral triangle of side 2 m that carries a current of 4 A as shown in figure.75az A/m (D) . Magnetic field intensity at point P (3.4 ww w.2.nodia.40ax A/m MCQ 4.3 (A) 9 az A/m p (C) 6 az A/m p MCQ 4. 2. co In the free space.1. 3) ? (A) 0.1 (2az .ay) m .1 (az .5az A/m (B) .az direction.in MCQ 4.210 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only EXERCISE 4.077az + 1.46ax A/m (D) 0. 0) due to the current sheet will be (A) .2.2 Shop Online at www.2. 0.0. Magnetic field intensity at a point (0.co.2 < z < 2 in the plane x = 0 .2ay) A/m (B) 1.62ay A/m MCQ 4. 2) due to the filamentary current will be (A) . g (B) 3 az A/m p (D) 0 A current sheet K = 4ay A/m flows in the region . the positive z -axis carries a filamentary current of 10 A in the .4 A in ax direction then what will be the magnetic field intensity at point (4.73ax A/m (B) 1.2.2 If there is a current filament on the x -axis carrying 4.75az A/m (C) + 0.62ay) A/m lp.0.1.1 (C) 0.73ax A/m (D) .2.76az . The magnetic field intensity at the center of the triangle will be he (C) (.1.

01 A/m (B)0. centered at origin carries a uniform surface charge density rS = 2 C/m2 .nodia.co. If it carries a current of 5. a = 3 m is placed such that z -axis passes through it’s center.8 The magnetic field intensity at point P due to the steady current configurations shown in figure will be (A) 0. (B) 0.2. 0.9az mA/m (B) 1.8 A/m (D) 1.45 Wb/m2 (A) 17.5 A m MCQ 4. 0.2. 1) will be (A) az A/m (B) 2az A/m (C) ay A/m MCQ 4. 1) will be (A) 0.2.6az mA/m (D) 0. Magnetic flux density at the center of the square loop will be.78 # 10-7 Wb/m2 .5az A/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (B) 0. If the disk rotates about the z -axis at an angular velocity w = 2 rad/s then the magnetic field intensity at the point P (0.26 A/m MCQ 4.26 # 10-6 Wb/m2 MCQ 4. ga te (C) 0.7 (D) 4 # 10-7 Wb/m2 (A) 0.82 A m (C) 0.5 In the plane z = 0 a disk of radius 3 m .18 A m lp.6 (D) 2ay A/m (C) 2. If the ring carries a current of 50 mA in af direction then the magnetic field intensity at point (0.2.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 211 For View Only Shop Online at www.2 A/m ww w.2 A then the magnetic field intensity at point P will be m A square conducting loop of side 1 m carries a steady current of 2 A.8az mA/m (C) 0.2.32 A m (D) 0. co A filamentary conductor is formed into a loop ABCD as shown in figure.9 In the plane z = 5 m a thin ring of radius.in MCQ 4.

2 A/m Common Data for Question 11 .6ay A/m MCQ 4.14 Consider the scalar potential at any point (x. z) in the region between the two GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.13 : The two long coaxial solenoids of radius a and b carry current I = 6 mA but in opposite directions.nodia.10 An infinite solenoid (infinite in both direction) consists of 1000 turns per unit length wrapped around a cylindrical tube. co m . If the solenoid carries a current of 4 mA then the magnetic field intensity at its axis will be (A) 4 A/m (B) 0 (C) 2000 A/m (D) 0.2.3ay A/m (C) 0 (D) + 3ay A/m Statement for Linked Question 14 . 2. 5).3ay A/m (C) . The net vector and scalar potential due to the sheets are zero at a point P (1.in MCQ 4.2. The inner solenoid has 2000 turns per unit length and outer solenoid has 1000 turns per unit length.12 at e The magnetic field intensity in the region between the two solenoids will be (A) 3ay A/m (B) 0 (C) 6ay A/m (D) .13 ww The magnetic field outside the outer solenoid will be (A) 6ay A/m (B) .2. y.3az A/m are located at x = 2 m and x =.212 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.2. MCQ 4.15 : In a cartesian system two parallel current sheets of surface current density K1 = 3az A/m and K2 =. MCQ 4.3ay A/m MCQ 4.11 Magnetic field intensity inside the inner solenoid will be (A) .2. g he (B) + 3ay A/m (D) + 6ay A/m lp. Solenoids are placed along y -axis as shown in figure.2 m respectively.co.

2. ga te The vector potential at origin will be (A) 3m0 az Wb/m (C) 0 MCQ 4.co. If the cross sectional radius of the wire is 2 cm then the magnetic flux density at r = 1 cm will be (B) 6.25 nWb/m2 (D) 12.2.16 A long cylindrical wire lying along z -axis carries a total current I 0 = 15 mA as shown in the figure.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 213 For View Only Shop Online at www.3 Wb/m co m .25 # 10-4 Wb/m2 (A) 25 nWb/m2 (C) 1. (B) .nodia.15 ww w.3m0 az Wb/m (D) .5 nWb/m2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.in planar sheets is Vm . The current density inside the wire at a distance r from it’s axis is given by J \ r . The plot of Vm versus y will be MCQ 4.

m2 (C) 2p A.m2 3 m .1 rad/s . 1 # y # 4 m . lp.m2 (B) p/2 A.2 A MCQ 4. If it is rotating with an angular velocity w = 0.2. m (r) versus the radius of the sphere.17 Magnetic field intensity is given in a certain region as x2 yz xyz2 H = ax + 3x2 z2 ay a A/m 1+x y+1 z The total current passes through the surface x = 2 m .2.in MCQ 4. 3 # z # 4 m in ax direction will be (A) . g at e The plot of magnetic dipole moment of the sphere.98 # 103 A Statement for Linked Question 19 .259 A (B) 259 A (C) 18.co. r will be he A uniformly charged solid sphere of radius r is spinning with angular velocity w = 6 rad/s about the z -axis.2.m2 (D) 2p A. then the magnetic dipole moment will be (A) 4p A.19 MCQ 4.20 The average magnetic field intensity within the sphere will be (B) 2 az (A) 2 a q pr pr (C) 2 a q (D) 1 az 2pr r GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. co A phonograph record of radius 1 m carries a uniform surface charge density rS = 20 C/m2 .18 (D) 1.20 : MCQ 4.2. The sphere is centered at origin and carries a total charge 5 C which is uniformly distributed over it’s volume.nodia.214 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.

m2 (B) 2ax + 6ay .1 m2 then the magnetic moment of the coil will be (A) . lying in the plane x + 3y .2ax .2ay .0. y.nodia.4.6ay . z) will be (A) (.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 215 For View Only Shop Online at www. If one more similar current element is placed along positive y -axis then the resultant magnetizing force at the point P will be (A) H/ 2 (B) 2 H (C) 2H (D) .5 carries a current 7 A such that the magnetic moment of the coil is directed away from the origin.21 A rectangular coil.25 Magnetizing force at any point P on z -axis due to a semi infinite current element placed along positive x -axis is H .14 Wb (C) 15.1az A.6.6az ) A/m2 .2ay + 0.4ax + 4.m2 (C) 1. The inner and outer radii of toroid are a = 1 m and b = 2 m respectively.22 Statement for Linked Question 23 .14% MCQ 4.2.in MCQ 4.3az A.4.3az A.61% (D) .0.2 H GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2ax + 0.2.5z = 3.31% (B) .3az A.3. co (C) 0 (D) 1 m0 m Vector magnetic potential in a certain region of free space is A = (6y .2.co.24 : A circular toroid with a rectangular cross section of height h = 5 m .8ax + 2ay + 6az ) A/m2 (B) (3ay + az ) A/m2 (8ax + 2ay .m2 MCQ 4.1 Wb (D) 0 Wb MCQ 4.39 Wb (B) 0.1. MCQ 4.2.0.2. If the area of the rectangular coil is 0.m2 (D) 0.23 The total magnetic flux across the circular toroid will be (A) 1.2.24 If the magnetic flux is found by multiplying the cross sectional area by the flux density at the mean radius then what will be the percentage of error ? (A) . ga te he lp.2z) ax + 4xzay The electric current density at any point (x.14% (C) . carries a current I = 10 A flowing in 105 turns of closely wound wire around it as shown in figure.

in MCQ 4.11 mWb (A) 2.5 m square loop is lying in x -y plane such that one of it’s side is parallel to y -axis and the centre of the loop is 0.2. which is uniformly distributed over the conductor cross section.3 m away from the y -axis. How much current must flow through the entire y -axis for which the magnetic flux through the loop is 5 # 10-5 Tesla m2 ? (A) 417 A (B) 834 A lp. g at e A L-shaped filamentary wire with semi infinite long legs making an angle 90c at origin and lying in y -z plane as shown in the figure.30 : An infinitely long straight conductor of cylindrical cross section and of radius R carries a current I .216 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www. 0. What will be the total magnetic flux crossing through the rectangular loop ? (C) 0.1 mWb m . he A 1. (D) 280 A co (D) 8.2. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.4 # 10-7 ^ay + az h Wb/m2 (D) 4 # 10-7 ^ay + az h Wb/m2 Common Data for Question 29 . The distance between side AB of square loop and the straight wire is 4 m. 0h will be (A) .2.26 An infinitely long straight wire carrying current 5 A and a square loop of side 2 m are coplanar as shown in the figure.5 A MCQ 4.27 (C) 208.co.28 If the current flowing in the wire is I = 4 A then the magnetic flux density at ^2 m.81 mWb MCQ 4.nodia.55 mWb (B) 81.2 # 10-7 ^ay + az h Wb/m2 (B) 2 # 10-7 ^ay + az h Wb/m2 (C) .

2.nodia. If the current flowing in the wire is I = 1 A then the magnetic flux density at the center of the loop will be m For View Only Shop Online at www.2.4 2 # 10-7 az Wb/m2 (D) 2p A lp.in MCQ 4. ga te A An infinitely long straight wire carrying a current 20 A and a circular loop of wire carrying a current I are coplanar as shown in the figure. co Consider a filamentary wire is bent to form a square loop of side 3 m lying in the x -y plane as shown in the figure.30 Magnetic flux density at a distance r (> R) from the cylindrical axis will be proportional to (B) 12 (A) 1 r r .Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 217 (C) r MCQ 4. The radius of the circular loop is 10 cm and the distance of the centre of the loop from the straight wire is 1 m.32 ww w. If the net magnetic field intensity at the centre of the loop is zero then the current I is 2 (A) p A (B) 20 A p (C) p 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (B) 4 2 # 10-7 az Wb/m2 (D) .co.2.29 If the conductor is located along z -axis then the magnetic flux density at a distance r (> R) from the cylindrical axis will be m Ir mI (A) 0 2 af (B) 0 2 af 2pR 2pr m Ir2 mI (C) 0 af (D) 0 2 af 2p R MCQ 4.2.31 (D) r2 (A) 2 2 # 10-7 az Wb/m2 (C) 2 # 10-7 az Wb/m2 MCQ 4.

2.8 A/m outward (C) 3.8 A/m outward MCQ 4.2. g at e Two perfect conducting infinite parallel sheets separated by a distance 2 m carry uniformly distributed surface currents with equal and opposite densities 4ax and .in MCQ 4.34 (A) 5.2.4ax respectively as shown in figure.33 The magnitude of the magnetic field intensity produced at center of a square loop of side a carrying current I is (B) 2 I (A) 2 2 I pa pa I (D) 8I pa 2 pa For the single turn loop of current shown in the figure the magnetic field intensity at the center point P of the semi circular portion will be (C) MCQ 4.4m0 ay Wb/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.nodia.8 A/m inward (D) 3.8m0 ay Wb/m *********** (D) . co (B) 5.35 The medium between the two sheets is free space. he lp. What will be the magnetic flux between the sheets per unit length along the direction of current ? (A) 0 (B) 8m0 ay Wb/m (C) .co.8 A/m inward m .218 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.

co. The magnetic field inside the hole is (A) uniform and depends only on d (B) uniform and depends only on b (D) non uniform MCQ 4. The other wire is in the x .in MCQ 4.2 : .axis. Which components of the resulting magnetic field are non-zero at the origin ? GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3.3.3 Shop Online at www.z plane and parallel to the y .3.nodia.axis.y plane and parallel to the x . ga te he lp. (B) 0 for r < a and 1/r for r > a co An infinitely long uniform solid wire of radius a carries a uniform dc current of density J m Statement for Linked Question 1 .1 GATE 2012 The magnetic field at a distance r from the center of the wire is proportional to (A) r for r < a and 1/r 2 for r > a (C) r for r < a and 1/r for r > a (D) 0 for r < a and 1/r 2 for r > a MCQ 4.3 GATE 2009 (C) uniform and depends on both b and d Two infinitely long wires carrying current are as shown in the figure below.2 GATE 2012 A hole of radius b (b < a) is now drilled along the length of the wire at a distance d from the center of the wire as shown below. One wire is in the y .Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 219 For View Only EXERCISE 4.

3.y plane is in which GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.5 IES EC 2010 The magnetic flux density B and the vector magnetic potential A are related as (B) A = 4# B (A) B = 4# A (C) B = 4: A at e MCQ 4.4 co (B) x. The magnetic field at any point P in the x .220 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.6 IES EC 2010 2.co.5 lp. (C) 2 only MCQ 4. The flux density in tesla is (A) 4 (B) 0.7 IES EC 2008 ww Which of the above statements is/are correct ? (A) Neither 1 nor 2 (B) 1 only (D) Both 1 and 2 The line integral of the vector potential A around the boundary of a surface S represents which one of the following? (A) Flux through the surface S (B) Flux density in the surface S (C) Magnetic field intensity (D) Current density MCQ 4.4 IES EC 2012 MCQ 4. z components (D) A = 4: B m . The relative distribution of charges on an isolated conducting body is dependent on the total charge of the body.2 mWb exerts in a magnet having a cross-section of 30 cm2 .3.in (A) x.3. z components MCQ 4. g Consider the following statements relating to the electrostatic and magnetostatic field : 1. The magnetic flux through any closed surface is zero. y components (D) x. (D) 40 A flux of 2.3. z components (C) y. y.8 IES EC 2008 An infinitely long straight conductor located along z-axis carries a current I in the +ve z -direction. he (C) 2.3.nodia.

what is the expression for the magnitude of magnetic field intensity (H ) ? (A) J 0 (r3 .in (C) In the direction perpendicular to the radial line OP (in x .3.ky ay (D) Zero Current density (J).3.y plane) joining the origin O to the point P (D) Along the radial line OP MCQ 4.10 IES EC 2007 (D) (2000/p) A/m (C) Zero MCQ 4. In the region.nodia. a < r < b .11 IES EC 2007 (C) .co.ky ax MCQ 4.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 221 For View Only direction? (A) In the positive z -direction (B) In the negative z -direction Shop Online at www. ga te What is the magnetic field intensity vector H between two parallel sheets with separation ‘d ’ along z-axis both sheets carrying surface current K = Ky ay ? (B) + ky ay (A) .a3) 2pr 3a r MCQ 4.3.3. evaluated at infinite distance from it ? (A) Infinity m A 13 A current enters a right circular cylinder of 5 cm radius.13 IES EC 2005 Which one of the following concepts is used to find the expression of radiated E and H field due to a magnetic current element ? (A) Concept of vector magnetic potential (B) Concept of scalar electric potential (C) Concept of scalar magnetic potential (D) Concept of vector electric potential GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (D) Any number between zero and infinity depending on the strength of the current element lp. in cylindrical coordinate system is given as : 0 for 0 < r < a J (r.a3) (C) 0 2 (D) J 0 (r3 . f.a3) (B) J 0 (r3 + a3) 2 r r2 J (r3 .3. z) = *J (r/a2) a for a < r < b 0 z where az is the unit vector along z -coordinate axis. What is the linear surface current density at the end surface? (A) (50/p) A/m (B) (100/p) A/m .12 IES EC 2005 ww w.9 IES EC 2008 (C) (1000/p) A/m MCQ 4. (B) Unity co What is the value of the magnetic vector potential due to an infinitesimally small current element.

222 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia. co (B) tesla (D) weber/sec List-II Ampere/metre Weber Volt/metre Joule (D) 6l m . 2. (C) he 1. 3.3.15 IES EE 2012 (B) 2l The unit of magnetic flux density is (A) gauss (C) bohr MCQ 4.00159 m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Magnetic field strength b 3 3 2 2 lp. shown in the figure is IES EC 2002 (A) 0 (C) 4l MCQ 4.0159 m (D) 0.3. At what distance is the magnetic field 1 Am-1 ? (A) 1.18 IES EE 2009 A long straight wire carries a current I = 1 A .14 The circulation of H around the closed contour C .3.17 IES EE 2011 a.co.59 m (B) 0.159 m (C) 0. 4. c. The magnetic flux density created by an infinitely long conductor carrying a current I at a radial distance R is mI (B) 1 (A) 0 2p R 2p R Electric field strength Magnetic flux Codes : a (A) 4 (B) 1 (C) 4 (D) 1 MCQ 4. Work w. b.3. d. g c 2 2 3 3 d 1 4 1 4 List-I at e 2 m0 I (D) 4pR I 3 3 2p R Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists.16 IES EE 2012 MCQ 4.3.in MCQ 4.

The magnetic vector potential A obeys which equations ? 1. At what distance is the magnetic field H = 1 Am.1 ? (A) 1.24 IES EE 2006 Equation d : B = 0 is based on (A) Gauss’s Law (C) Ampere’s Law MCQ 4. d2A =.5 mA (C) 2.nodia.3.m0 J m Idl 3. what is the magnetic field intensity ? (A) . 20.0 mA (B) 1.19 How much current must flow in a loop radius 1 m to produce a magnetic field IES EE 2009 1 mAm-1 ? (A) 1. At (1.22 IES EE 2008 (C) 1. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 4.19 m (B) 1. ga te mI A/m 2p r mI A/m 2r A long straight wire carries a current I = 10 A . B = d # A 2.59 m MCQ 4.in MCQ 4.3.20 IES EE 2009 (D) 2.79 m What is the magnetic field due to an infinite linear current carrying conductor ? (A) H = (B) H = I A/m 2pr (D) H = I A/m r (B) Lenz’s Law (D) Continuity Equation (C) H = MCQ 4.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 223 For View Only Shop Online at www.15ax mA/m (C) 18.co.3.25 IES EE 2006 Plane y = 0 carries a uniform current density 30az mA/m .21 IES EE 2008 (C) 1 and 3 MCQ 4. . A = # 0 4p R co m (B) Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A .5 mA Assertion (A) : Knowing magnetic vector potential A at a point.3.0 mA MCQ 4.3. 2 and 3 lp. Reason (R) : d : A = 0 .3.39 m (D) 1.85ay mA/m (B) 15ax mA/m (D) 25ax mA/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he Select the correct answer using the code given below : (A) 1 and 2 (B) 2 and 3 (D) 1.2). the flux density B at the point can be obtained.3.23 IES EE 2006 ww w.

3.3. dS = s vector with direction normal to surface elements dS .ax and ax GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.224 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.a < z < 0 and 0 < z < a are respectively (B) . B = magnetic flux density. Assertion (A) : # B : dS = 0 where. The magnetic intensity ‘Hy ’ in the two regions .ay (C) ax and . (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A co (D) generating regions free from magnetic field m (B) reducing i2 R losses .28 IES EE 2002 (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 4.29 IES EE 2001 (A) ay and . Reason (R) : Tubes of magnetic flux have no sources or sinks.27 IES EE 2004 (D) 4# B = m0 J Which one of the following statements is correct ? Superconductors are popularly used for (A) generating very strong magnetic field (C) generating electrostatic field MCQ 4.ax at e Plane defined by z = 0 carry surface current density 2ax A/m .nodia.3. g *********** he lp.in MCQ 4.ay and ay (D) .3.co.26 Which one of the following is not the valid expression for magnetostatic field vector IES EE 2005 B ? (A) B = 4: A (B) B = d # A (C) d : B = 0 MCQ 4.

ga te # # B : dS # ^d : B hdv 0 = # d : B dv = Option (D) is correct. we can write that for a static magnetic field the total number of flux lines entering a given region is equal to the total number of flux lines leaving the region.1.1 Shop Online at www. So. F = B : dS = 0 According to divergence theorem Since volume of the sphere will have certain finite value so. The Magnetic field are caused only by current carrying elements and given as m Idl R B = 0 # 4p R 3 Since an accelerated electron doesn’t form any current element(Idl ) so it is not a source of magnetic field.1. we end up with pieces each having north and south poles. co Option (D) is correct.e.1. # lp.1 SOL 4.1. That’s why the total flux through a closed surface in a magnetic field must be zero. So an isolated magnetic charge doesn’t exist.5 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. The magnetic field intensity produced due to a small current element Idl is defined SOL 4. (A) and (R) are both true and R is correct explanation of A. If we desire to have an isolated magnetic dipole by dividing a magnetic bar successively into two.co. m . B : dS = 0 or more clear.2 SOL 4.in SOL 4.3 Option (B) is correct.4 Option (C) is correct. d:B = 0 or d : H = 0 at all points inside the sphere SOL 4. Since the field intensity exists in a closed surface and lines of field intensity makes a closed curve so the flux lines leaving the spherical surface equal to the total flux entering the surface and So the net flux he i.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 225 For View Only SOLUTIONS 4. Option (D) is correct.1.nodia. It is not possible to have an isolated magnetic poles (or magnetic charges).

According to Biot-savart law.1. From the figure we have r = 32 + 42 = 5 a1 = r/2 & cos a1 = 0 12 and cos a2 = = 12 52 + 122 13 Now we Put these values to get. a2 " angle subtended by the upper end of the element at P .6 Option (B) is correct.a r h H = = Ia 2 6f@2p ^az h = I az A/m 0 4a 4pa2 4p a f=0 .in # SOL 4. g at e he lp.15af wb/m2 13p SOL 4. So for the circular current carrying loop we have dl = adfaf aR =.7 Option (C) is correct.1. a1 " angle subtended by the lower end of the element at P .0 a H = (I = 5 A) l f 4p # 5 b 13 = 3 af = 0.co.226 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only as Shop Online at www. co m dH = Idl # aR 4p R 2 where dl is the differential line vector and aR is the unit vector directed towards the point where field is to be determined.a r Therefore the magnetic field intensity produced at the centre of the circular loop is 2p Iadfa f # ^. 5 12 . magnetic field intensity at any point P due to the current element Idl is defined as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.nodia.cos a1@ af 4pr where r " distance of point P from the current filament. Magnetic field intensity at any point P due to a filamentary current I is defined as H = I 6cos a2 .

According to right hand rule if the thumb points in the direction of outward or inward current then rest of the fingers will curl along the direction of magnetic flux lines. the line integral of magnetic field intensity H around a closed path is equal to the net current enclosed by the path. This condition is satisfied by the configuration shown in option (C).10 Option (D) is correct.a r) 8 dfa = az f 2p H = = z 2 16p 4p 6 @ 0 4p (2) 0 0 = 2az A/m # m # . This condition is satisfied by the configuration shown in option (C).nodia. Since we have to determine the magnetic field intensity due to the infinite line current at t = 5 cm so we construct a circular loop around the line current as shown in the figure.1.1.co.9 According to Ampere’s circuital law.a r Therefore the magnetic field intensity at origin is 2p (8dfa ) 2p f # (.1. Here current is flowing in af direction So the small current element Idl = Irdfaf = 4 # 2dfaf = 8dfaf and since the magnetic field to be determined at center of the loop so we have (radius = 2 m ) R = 2m and (pointing towards origin) aR =. co where R is the vector distance of point P from the current element.8 SOL 4.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 227 For View Only H = # # IdlpR R 4 3 Shop Online at www. ga te # B : dl L SOL 4. = m0 Ienc he Option (B) is correct. lp.in SOL 4. Now from Ampere’s circuital law we have or (Ienc = 10 A) B (2pr) = m0 # 10 Therefore we have the magnetic flux density at t = 5 cm as -7 10 B = 4p # 10 # -2 = 5 # 10-5 wb/m2 2p # 5 # 10 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Option (B) is correct. According to right hand rule if the thumb points in the direction of current then rest of the fingers will curl along the direction of magnetic field lines.

228 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.11 Option (B) is correct. H : dl =. So it won’t be considered.1.4 ay p 8p y he lp. H : dl = Ienc Now using right hand rule. Since current in the wire is distributed over the outer surface so net enclosed current.nodia.15 # H : dl # H : dl w.e. According to Ampere’s circuital law the contour integral of magnetic field intensity in a closed path is equal to the current enclosed by the path.12 # # SOL 4.1. i.e.Ienc =.in SOL 4. we obtain the direction of the magnetic field intensity in the loop as it will be opposite to the direction of L. and as from Ampere’s circuital law we have ww So or SOL 4. So.1. As calculated in previous question the magnetic field intensity produced at the centre of the current carrying circular loop is H = I 2a So by symmetry the semicircular loop will produce the field intensity half to the field intensity produced by complete circular loop.14 Option (C) is correct.ay direction) due to both the current source.) SOL 4. co m =0 (Ienc = 0 ) H = 0 for r < R Option (C) is correct. at point P the net magnetic field intensity due to both the current carrying wires will be H = H1 + H 2 = I ^.1.ay h + I ^. Consider the cylindrical wire is lying along z -axis as shown in the figure. g = Ienc Option (B) is correct. Ienc for any Amperian loop inside the wire will be zero.20 A (10 A is not inside the loop.ay h 2p ^4h 2p ^1 h 5 ^8 h (I = 8 A ) =a =.co. So. the direction of magnetic field intensity will be same(in . As the current I is distributed over the outer surface of the cylinder so for an Amperian GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . The magnetic field intensity produced at a distance r from an infinitely long straight wire carrying current I is defined as H = I 2pr As determined by right hand rule. Field intensity at the centre of semicircular loop = 1 H = I 2 4a at e Option (C) is correct.1.13 SOL 4. i.

1. ^6Ic@enc = 0h : dS D # B : dl and d 6Id@enc = dt : # e0 E1 : dS + where E1 is the electric field intensity produced by charge Q1 while E2 is the field intensity produced by charge Q2 .co.16) + 1 (16) = 6 A 8 2 Thus. Q Q dQ dQ d So. (1) 6Id@enc = dt =e0 c 8e1 m + e0 c 2e2 mG = 1 dt 1 + 1 dt 2 8 2 0 0 As the current flows from Q1 and terminates at Q2 so the rate of change in the net charges is given as dQ dQ2 . enclosed current is equal to the total current flowing in the wire. m (Ienc = I ) ww w.16 = m0 Ienc B (2pr) = m0 I B = m0 I a 2pr f B\1 r co #eE 0 2 Now from Ampere’s circuital law we have.nodia. Since the current flows from Q1 and terminates at Q2 and the charge Q2 is located at the surface of the contour so the actual current is not enclosed by the closed path and the circulation of the field is given as he lp. ga te = m0 6Id@enc Option (A) is correct. the circulation of magnetic flux density around the closed loop is # B : dl = m0 ^6 h = 8m0 Wb/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .in loop at a distance r (> R) from the centre axis.1 = = 16 A dt dt Therefore from equation (1) we have the enclosed displacement current as 6Id@enc = 1 (.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 229 For View Only Shop Online at www. # B : dl or or SOL 4.

az Therefore the magnetic field intensity at the origin is ( K = 20ax ) H = 1 (20ax ) # (.nodia. at e Magnetic field intensity at any point P due to an infinite current carrying sheet is defined as H = 1 K # an 2 where K is the current density and an is the unit vector normal to the current sheet directed toward the point P .230 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only SOL 4.17 Option (D) is correct.in Magnetic field intensity at any point P due to an infinite current carrying sheet is defined as H = 1 K # an 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1.1.az ) = 5ay A/m 2 he lp. Shop Online at www.18 Option (C) is correct.co. co m . g SOL 4. Since we have to determine the magnetic field intensity at origin so from the figure we have an =.

the resultant magnetic flux density at any point in the space between the two sheets will be m B = 0 6K1 # an1 + (.5ay A/m 2 2 SOL 4.20 Option (D) is correct.K1 . co m . .an1 lp. and K1 is given current density. Since we have to determine the magnetic field intensity at point (2. an2 =.nodia. so we have.in where K is the current density of the infinite sheet and an is the unit vector normal to the current sheet directed toward the point P .1.K1) # (.20 ay =.e.1. SOL 4.e. 5) is (K = 20ax ) H = 1 (20ax # az ) =. i. . Consider one of the sheet carries the current density K1 . 5) which is above the plane sheet as shown in figure.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 231 For View Only Shop Online at www. The magnetic flux density at any point is equal to the curl of magnetic vector potential A at the point. So the cross product will be a constant. Magnetic flux density produced at any point P due to a current sheet is defined as m B = 0 K # an 2 where K is current density of the sheet and an is the unit vector normal to the sheet directed towards point P .co. an =+ az Therefore the magnetic field intensity at the point (2. B = d # A = d # (12 cos qa q) = 1 2 (12r cos q) af = 12 cos q af r r2 r GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the other sheet will have the current density . So for any point in the space between the sheets normal vector will be opposite in direction for the two sheets as shown in figure i. ga te he Option (C) is correct.1.an1)@ = m0 K1 # an1 2 Since an1 is unit vector normal to the surface.1.19 Therefore. So.

Now the magnetic field for r > 8 cm must be zero.43 # 10-2 + J (16p # 10-2) = 0 6.co. (for r > 8 cm ) H =0 So from Ampere’s circuital law we have at e Magnetic field intensity produced at any point P due to a current sheet is defined as H = 1 K # an 2 where K is current density of the sheet and an is the unit vector normal to the sheet directed towards point P .5 # 10-2) . for y > 0 H = 1 ^Kaz h # ^ay h =.nodia. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. SOL 4. an = ay ) So.8 # (2p # 0.0.22 # H : dl Since for the region r > 8 cm the Amperian loop will have all the current distributions enclosed inside it. Consider the current density at r = 8 cm is J directed along + az . 0.43 # 10-2 or J =16p # 10-2 or J =.1 Kax 2 2 (K = Kaz A/m . Consider the current sheet shown in the figure.21 Shop Online at www. i.e. an =. co m .1. p)) Option (C) is correct.in B = 12 cos 0 af = 2af 3 (at (3.1. SOL 4.ay ) and for y < 0 H = 1 ^Kaz h # ^.e. (K = Kaz A/m . i. Ienc = 14 # 10-3 + 2 # (2p # 0.23 Option (C) is correct.23az A/m SOL 4.43 # 10-2 + J (16p # 10-2) So we have ( Ienc = 0 ) 6. g = Ienc = 0 Option (D) is correct.ay h = K ax 2 2 he lp.1.25 # 10-2) + J (2p # 8 # 10-2) = 6.232 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only or.0.

where dS is the differential surface vector having direction normal to the surface So.2 # 5 # 1 0 x2 dx # B : dl = m0 Ienc .1 x = 0 3 4 he F = # 4 lp.e.0) ax + (0 + 8yz) ay + (2y2 .1.24 Option (B) is correct.5) is B = 20ax + 60ay + 12az wb/m2 F = # B : dS S SOL 4.1.10 3 -1 3 0 3 3 40 wb y =.8xz .co. we draw a rectangular Amperian loop parallel to the y -z plane and extending an equal distance above and below the surface as shown in the figure. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2x2) az So the net magnetic flux density at (1. the total magnetic flux through the given surface is co m SOL 4.2x2) az Therefore.10 :x D = 2 # 65 .0) ax + (0 + 8yz) ay + (2y2 .Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 233 For View Only Shop Online at www. for the given surface z = 4 .nodia. ga te 3 1 y = 2 . . Total magnetic flux through a given surface S is defined as # 1 (2y2 .in Magnetic flux density is defined as the curl of vector magnetic potential i. From Ampere’s circuital law. .8xyz W T X = (.8xz . .1 # y # 4 we have dS = (dxdy) az and as calculated in previous question we have B = (. 0 # x # 1.2x2) (dxdy) = 2 # 1 # 4 -1 y2 dy . B = d#A R V az W S a x ay 2 2 2 W = S 2x 2y z 2 S 2 W 2 S2x y 2y . E .2. For determining the magnetic field at any point above the plane z = 0 .25 Option (D) is correct.

e.234 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 SOL 4.1. For View Only Shop Online at www. Hence. i. Thus we have B (2l) = m0 Ienc 2Bl = m0 Kl (Ienc = Kl) As determined by right hand rule. magnetic flux density at any point above the current sheet K = 4ax is (an = az ) B = 1 m0 ^4ax h # ^az h =. So.4m0 ax wb/m SOL 4. (1) d # A =.2m0 ay =ay 2 z or A (z) = 2m0 z So. Current density at any point in a magnetic field is defined as the curl of magnetic field intensity at the point.2m0 ay = 2x 2y 2z A (z) 0 0 2 (z) A . we have A = A (z) ax From equation (1) we have.26 Option (A) is correct. So we have the flux density above the current sheet as m 4 ( K = 4 A/m ) B =.2 is A =.1. A = 2m0 zax Therefore the vector magnetic potential at z =.nodia. g at e he lp. a x ay a z 2 2 2 .in Since the infinite current sheet is located in the plane z = 0 so. i.ay direction. B = d#A So from the above determined value of magnetic flux density B we have.4m0 ay wb/m2 2 co m .0 # ay =. the magnetic flux density above the plane z = 0 will be in .27 Option (D) is correct. the z -component of the magnetic flux density will be cancelled due to symmetry and in the closed Amperian loop the integral will be only along y -axis.2m0 ay wb/m2 Since A is parallel to K so the vector potential K will depend only on z . Magnetic flux density at a certain point is equal to the curl of magnetic vector potential at the point.e.co. J = d#H Since the magnetic field intensity in the free space is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2m0 ay wb/m2 2 Alternate Method : The magnetic flux density produced at any point P due to an infinite sheet carrying uniform current density K is defined as B = 1 m0 (K # a n) 2 where an is the unit vector normal to the sheet directed toward the point P .

H = 3raf .1..2 ^z + ey hmG az 2 2 2 2 z z x y y =. SOL 4.e.cos ayax + ay .31 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2 ^z cos ay h ax .28 (r = 2 m) ax So d#H = 2 x 2 ay 2 y 2 SOL 4. J = d # H =.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 235 For View Only 2 Shop Online at www.e.cos ayax + ay .2 ^z + ey hl ay + c 2 z cos ay . The magnetic flux density at any point is equal to the curl of the vector magnetic potential at the point i.ax + ay .in H = 2r af Therefore the current density is ( 2 r) (2r2) az = 1 2 (2r3) az J =1 r 2 r2 r r 2 = 6raz = 2az A/m SOL 4. In a source free region current density.1.co. m . J = 0 The current density at any point is equal to the curl of magnetic field intensity H . i. SOL 4.ey az Therefore the current density in the x -z plane is (y = 0 in x -z plane) J =.1.2 b 2 lE af = 2 2 af m0 m0 2 r r m0 r This current density would produce the required vector potential. The current density for a given magnetic field intensity H is defined as J = d#H Given H = ^z cos ay h ay + ^z + ey h ax co Option (A) is correct. B = d#A = 1 2 (rAf) az = 1 2 (2r) az = 2 az r r2 r2 r r The current density J in terms of magnetic flux density B is defined as J = 1 (d # B) = 1 .. ga te y ^z + e h z cos ay 0 = =. Given that the cylindrical wire located along z -axis produces a magnetic field intensity.29 Option (C) is correct.e. J = d#H or (J = 0 ) d#H = 0 and since the curl of a given vector field is zero so it can be expressed as the gradient of a scalar field i.az A/m2 he az 2 z 2 lp. Option (B) is correct.e az or.30 Option (D) is correct. H = df So A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A.b.1.nodia.

m0 J = d ^d : Ah .nodia.1. Since the magnetic flux density is defined as B = d#A and d # B = m0 J Now using the vector identity.d2A or.m0 J he lp.d2A As the vector potential is always divergence free so we get. d # B = d ^d : Ah .d2A or.co.E 2 3a 0 # co m . R = 0.33 2 Hf ^2pa h = 2pa 3 or H = a af 4 Option (A) is correct.5ax A.then the thumb indicates the direction of moment. applying the differential form of Ampere’s circuital low we have the current density with in the conductor as J = d#H a r ra f a z a r ra f a z 1 2 2 2 =1 2 2 2 = 2r 2f 2z r 2r 2f2 2z r A r rA f A z 0 3r 0 1 2 3r2 a = 6a A/m2 = z r2 ^ h z r SOL 4. As the beam is travelling in az direction so the field intensity produced by it will be in af direction and using Ampere’s circuital law at it’s surface we have Hf ^2pa h = Ienc a r Hf ^2pa h = 2 a1 .m2 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. .5 m) The direction of the moment is determined by right hand rule as when the curl of fingers lies along the direction of current. we have d # ^d # Ah = d ^d : Ah .236 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www. Option (D) is correct. d2A =. m = 5.1. So.1.5 (I = 7 A.34 Option (B) is correct.32 SOL 4.k 2prdr a 0 2 r r3 a Hf ^2pa h = 4p . Magnetic dipole moment of a conducting loop carrying current I is defined as : m = IS where S is the area enclosed by the conducting loop. So we have m = 7 # (p # 0. g at e SOL 4.in So.52) = 5.

Now from the figure we have.3 mG af = 8p # c 4p # 2 = 13 13 Now the direction of magnetic field intensity is defined as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3 13 22 + 32 and (angle subtended by end z = 3) a1 = 0 or cos a1 = cos 0 = 1 So.co.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 237 For View Only SOLUTIONS 4. H = I 6cos a2 .cos a1@ af 4pr (10) I 2 + 3 m af = 1 . a1 " angle subtended by the lower end of the element at P . r =2 a2 = p .2 Shop Online at www.1 Magnetic field intensity at any point P due to a filamentary current I is defined as H = I 6cos a2 .nodia.c.2. ga te he lp.az direction So. co m Option (D) is correct.q) 3 =.in SOL 4.cos q ==. a2 " angle subtended by the upper end of the element at P .az ) . Since the current is flowing in the .q or cos a2 = cos (p . Idl = 10dz (.cos a1@ af 4pr where r " distance of point P from the current filament.

8) = 4.2ay A/m 26p GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp. g # at e # +3 (2x .4 A in + ax direction.(xax ) (Since on x -axis y .4a x ) # 6 4 . H = 10 c1 + 3 m (ax ) 8p 13 = 1.8x + 29) 3/2 -3 +3 dx = 4. . According to Biot-savart law.3ay) 2 3/2 4p . R = (4ax + 2ay + 3az ) . So we have.nodia.238 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.x) 2 + 22 + 32 = x2 .3ay) = G 4p 26 (x2 .4dxax Therefore the magnetic field intensity is + 3 (4.4 (2az . co # m SOL 4.and z -component will be zero) R = (4 .4 (2az .73ax A/m Now the current element carries a current of 4.x) ax + 2ay + 3az or R = (4 .1077az .3ay) = 0.az ) # (ay)= ax Therefore. magnetic field intensity at any point P due to the current element Idl is defined as R H = Idl # 3 4pR where R is the vector distance of point P from the current element.8x + 29 and (filament lies from x =.0.2 Option (D) is correct.8x + 29) 1/2 -3 = 4.162ay = 0.co.8x + 29) ww w.2. So we have af = (.x) a x + 2ay + 3a z @ ( dx H = 4p (x2 .3 (x .in af = al # a r where al is unit vector along the line current and a r is the unit vector normal to the line current directed toward the point P .3 to x = 3) Idl = 4.1az .4 (2az .0.

ga te # H : dl = Ienc (2pr) H = 4. 2. 3) is (2az . Now from Ampere’s circuital law we have.3ay) 26p 2p 13 13 = 1.2. 2.4 According to Ampere’s circuital law.4 or H = r = 13 from figure.3ay) H = 4.co. 2. he lp.5ay A/m SOL 4. 2p # 13 Now direction of the magnetic field intensity is defined as af = al # a r where al " unit vector in the direction of flow of current a r " unit vector normal to the line current directed toward the point. 3) as shown in the figure.4 A) Option (D) is correct.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 239 For View Only Alternate Method : Shop Online at www.in ww w.3ay = z = ax # 13 13 Therefore the magnetic field intensity at the point (4.nodia.5az . 4 = 4. the line integral of magnetic field intensity H around a closed path is equal to the net current enclosed by the path.4 (2az .2.3 m (Ienc = 4. As the magnetic field intensity at the center of the triangle produced by all the GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . Since we have to determine the magnetic field intensity at point (4.4) 2 + 22 + 32 (2ay + 3az ) 2a . af = ax # (4 . 3) so we construct a circular loop around the infinite current element that passes though the point (4.(4ax )@ So we have. 6(4ax + 2ay + 3az ) . co 4.

cos a1@af 4p # 1 3 w.240 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 3 3 + 3 a = 5a p . . a2 " angle subtended by the upper end of the element at P .co. co m For View Only Shop Online at www. 2 2 E f p f Now the direction of magnetic field intensity is determined as af = al # a r where al is unit vector along the line current and a r is the unit vector normal to the line current directed toward the point P . and since the line current is along x -axis so we have (al = ax . g at e he lp.3 a1 = p . a1 " angle subtended by the lower end of the element at P .nodia.cos a1@ af 4pr where r " distance of point P from the current filament.p/6 = 1 6 6 2 and a2 = 30c & cos a2 = cos 30c= 3 2 So the magnetic field intensity produced by one side of the triangle at centre of the triangle is 4 H1 = 6cos a2 . Now the magnetic field intensity at any point P due to a filamentary current I is defined as H = I 6cos a2 . a r = ay ) a f = a x # ay = a z Therefore the net magnetic field intensity due to all the three sides of triangle is H = 3H1 = 3 # b 3 l az = 9 az A/m (af = az ) p p GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia = ww From the figure we have r tan 30c = & r = 1 1 3 5p & cos a = cos 5p =.in three sides will be exactly equal so we consider only one side lying along x -axis that carries 4 A current flowing in + ax direction as shown in the figure.

Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 241 For View Only Shop Online at www.yay .yay .in SOL 4. Now we consider a point ^0.yay .# (2) # (0.^0ax + yay + zaz h = ^3ax . Since the limits are symmetric. 0.3 az .12az H = 2 2 3/2 dydz -2 .2.co.3 4p (9 + y + z ) # # # # co m 3ax .yay . According to Biot-savart law. the integral of the x component over z is zero.3 4p (9 + y + z ) 2 +3 y =. So we are left with 2 3 . Since the uniformly charged disk is rotating with an angular velocity w = 2 rad/s GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3az ) = 2 2 3/2 dydz z =. from which we have the vector distance of point (3.zaz = x 2 2 2 3 +y +z 9 + y2 + z2 ( K = 4a y ) . ga te We note that the x component is anti symmetric in z about the origin (odd parity). magnetic field intensity at any point P due to the current sheet element KdS is defined as H = # KdSp# a 4 R s 2 R where R is the vector distance of point P from the current element. 0) R = ^3ax + 0ay + 0az h .(z2 + 9) 9 + y2 + z2 E dz p -2 -3 3 a 2 2 dz =. y.3 2 3 4 (.2 y =. z h on the current carrying sheet.2.2 y =.nodia.zax .4 Option (C) is correct.zaz h or aR = SOL 4.6 a 1 tan-1 z 2 =a 3 kD p z :3 p z -2 z2 + 9 -2 2 =.zay) H = dydz 4p (9 + y2 + z2) 3/2 z =.5 Option (D) is correct.2az A/m p # # he # # lp.59) az =. Therefore the magnetic field intensity due to the current sheet is 2 3 4ay # (3ax .zaz 3a .

1 + 3 ) = 2> H az = 5az A/m 1+3 # # # # he lp. Now the magnetic field intensity at any point P due to a filamentary current I is defined as H = I 6cos a2 .cos a1@ af 4pr where r" distance of point P from the current filament. co m .ra r or R = 1 + r2 a .ra r) 4r (a r + raz ) dH = KdS #2 aR = = 2 3/2 4pR 4p (r + 1) 4p (r2 + 1) 3/2 On integrating the above over f around the complete circle. Now from the figure we have R = az .242 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 SOL 4. the a r components get cancelled by symmetry. g at e For View Only Shop Online at www.ra r and aR = z 1 + r2 So the magnetic field intensity due to a small current element KdS at point P is (4raf) # (az .in about the z -axis so we have the current density K = rs # (angular velocity) = rs (wr) = 2 # 2 # r or K = 4raf According to Biot-savart law.2. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.6 Option (B) is correct.co.nodia. As all the four sides of current carrying square loop produces the same magnetic field at the center so we consider only the line current AB for which we determine the magnetic field intensity at the center. magnetic field intensity at any point P due to the current sheet element KdS is defined as H = KdS #2 aR 4pR s where R is the vector distance of point P from the current element. leaving us with 2p 3 4r2 az H (z) = ^rdrdfh 4p (r2 + 1) 3/2 0 0 3 3 r3 1 2 =2 2 3/2 dra z = 2 = r + 1 + G az 2 (r + 1) 0 r +1 0 3 + 2 (1 .

in a1 " angle subtended by the lower end of the filament at P . B = 4B1 = 4 # (5.45c 2 So the magnetic field intensity at the centre O due to the line current AB is H1 = I 6cos a2 . 2 1 p a = 0. As the cross product of two parallel lines is always zero so the straight segments will produce no field at P . Therefore the net magnetic field produced at point P will be only due to the two circular section.co.a r) G 4pr2 at r = 2 m .2.45c)@ 2p # (1/2) = 1 # 2 = 2 A/m p p 2 and the magnetic flux density produced by the line current AB is B1 = m0 H1 = 4p # 10-7 # 2 p -7 2 = 5. # p/2 # Alternate Method : The magnetic field intensity produced at the center of a circular loop of radius R carrying current I is defined as H = I 2R GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia co # p/2 0 Shop Online at www.2 A/m 1 . According to Biot-savart law.7 ww w.e. magnetic field intensity at any point P due to the current element Idl is defined as H = Idl # aR 4pR2 where R is the vector distance of point P from the current element.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 243 For View Only SOL 4.66 # 10 wb/m m Irdf (.nodia. a2 " angle subtended by the upper end of the filament at P .cos (180c .a r) += G 4pr2 0 at r = 1 m p/2 Iaz df . we have r = 1 m .66 # 10-7) = 3. ga te # H == Option (D) is correct. a2 = 45c and a1 = 180c .cos a1@ 2pR 1 = 6cos 45c . H = HCD + HAB or (Irdfaf) # (.af) # (. From the figure.26 # 10-6 wb/m2 lp.D#a k z = 2 2 4p # : he # Therefore the net magnetic flux density due to the complete square loop will be four times of B1 i.p/2 Iaz df = 4p (1) 4p (2) 0 0 3.e. i.

nodia. = 0. R = 2 m) = p 2p # 2 As the magnetic field intensity produced at the center of a circular loop of radius R carrying current I is defined as H = I 2R So magnetic field produced at point P due to the semi circular segment is H2 = 1 # I = 1 2 2 2R Therefore net magnetic field intensity produced at point P is H = H1 + H 2 = 1 + 1 p 2 = 0. The magnetic field intensity at any point P due to an infinite filamentary current I is defined as H = I 2pr where r is the distance of point P from the infinite current filament.co.2. Now the two semi infinite lines will be in combination treated as a single infinite line for which magnetic field intensity at point P will be (R is the length of point P from line current) H1 = I 2pR 4 =1 (I = 4 A.I D 4 2a 2b where a " inner radius b " outer radius 3 (2) 3 (2) H = 1.9 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. co m .2 A/m 4 2 # 1 2 # 2E lp.82 A/m Option (C) is correct.2. SOL 4.8 Option (D) is correct. g at e he and since the straight line will not produce any field at point P so due to the two quarter circles having current in opposite direction. magnetic field at the center will be H = 1: I .in SOL 4.244 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.

Now we consider a small ring (small section of solenoid) of the width dz at a distance z from point P lying on the axis of the solenoid as shown in the figure. ga te Magnetic field intensity produced at any point P on the axis of the circular loop carrying current I is defined as Ir2 H = 2 2 (r + h2) 3/2 where h is the distance of point P from the centre of circular loop and r is the radius of the circular loop.10 Option (D) is correct.nodia. So the magnetic field intensity produced at point P is -3 50 # 10-3 (3) 2 H = az = 9 # 50 # 10 az = 2. From the figure we have r = 3 m and h = 5 .2.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 245 For View Only Shop Online at www.1 = 4 m and using right hand rule we conclude that the magnetic field intensity is directed along + az .8az mA/m 2 # 125 2 (32 + 42) 3/2 he lp. co m .co. The total current flowing in the loop of the ring will be where n is the no of turns per unit length dI = nIdz GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in SOL 4. Let the cylindrical tube is of radius a for which we have to determine the magnetic field intensity at the axis of solenoid.

at any point outside the outer solenoid.adq) H = 2 2 3/2 2 q = 0 a3 sin2 q z =.in Since magnetic field intensity produced at any point P on the axis of the circular loop carrying current I is defined as Ir2 H = 2 (r2 + h2) 3/2 where h is the distance of point P from the centre of circular loop and r is the radius of the circular loop. g at e he For View Only Shop Online at www.12 Option (D) is correct.co. I = 4 mA ) = nI = 1000 # 6 # 10-3 = 6 A/m # # lp.13 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (D) is correct.2. So the resultant magnetic field intensity produced inside the inner solenoid will be H = H1 + H2 = n1 I (.1000) ay =.2. H = n2 Iay = 100 # 4 # 10-4 ay = 4ay A/m Option (B) is correct. the net magnetic field intensity produced due to SOL 4.3ay A/m w.3 2 (a + z ) 0 =.cos p) 2 q=p 2 (n = 1000. So H =.ay)) due to inner solenoid.nodia. # co m .e.246 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 SOL 4. So we have the magnetic field intensity due to the ring as (nIdz) a2 ( r = a. As calculated in the previous question the magnetic field intensity inside a long solenoid carrying current I is defined as where n is no. Since no any magnetic field is produced at any point out side a solenoid so. of turns per unit length H = nI and since using right hand rule we conclude that the direction of magnetic field intensity will be right wards ( + ay ) due to outer solenoid and left wards ((.nI sin qdq = nI (cos 0 .(3 # 10-3) (2000) ay + (3 # 10-3) (1000) ay = 3 # 10-3 (. Since no any magnetic field is produced at any point out side a solenoid so in the region between the two solenoids field will be produced only due to the outer solenoid.ay) + n2 Iay where n1 and n2 are the no. i.2.11 SOL 4.a2 dq sin q 3 a and & 2 1 2 3/2 = sin3 q sin q = a = r a a2 + z2 ^a + z h The total magnetic field intensity produced at point P due to the solenoid is p a 2 sin 3 q 3 (nIdz) a2 = nI (. h = z ) dH = 2 (a2 + z2) 3/2 From the figure we have z = a cot q & dz =. of turns per unit length of the inner and outer solenoids respectively.

3ay =. ga te So for the field H =.3 ay A/m 2 2 and the field intensity produced between the two sheets due to the sheet K2 =.6) A and the graph of Vm versus y will be as plotted below he Option (B) is correct.3ay Since the magnetic field intensity at any point is the equal to the negative gradient of scalar potential at the point i.co.2. Vm = (3y .3az ) # (ax ) =. we have .Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 247 For View Only the two solenoids will be zero.ax ) H1 = 1 (3az ) # (.3az located at x =.2 m is H2 = 1 (. co m .ax ) =.3 ay A/m (an = ax ) 2 2 Therefore the net magnetic field intensity produced at any point between the two sheets is H = H1 + H2 =. 2.14 Shop Online at www.e.in GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. So the field intensity produced between the two sheets due to the sheet K1 = 3az located at x = 2 m is (an =.dVm ay (the field has a single component in ay direction) dy where C1 is constant or Vm = 3y + C1 Putting Vm = 0 for point P (1. H =. SOL 4.3ay in the region between the two current carrying sheets.dVm lp.6 Thus.nodia. The magnetic field intensity produced at any point P due to an infinite sheet carrying uniform current density K is defined as H = 1 (K # a n) 2 where an is the unit vector normal to the sheet directed toward the point P . we have 0 = 3 # (2) + C1 or C1 =. 5) (given).

3m0 2 x or Az = 3m0 x + C2 Putting Az = 0 at point P (1. 2.nodia. Therefore from eq (1) we have A -2 z =.25 # 10-8 = 12.15 Option (C) is correct.16 I0 = or 5 # 10-3 # J : dS = # kr (2pr) dr s 2 # 10-2 0 at e Option (A) is correct.in SOL 4. 0.2.e. ( I 0 = 5 mA ) w. E 16p 3 0 s r=0 15 1 10-3 = 15 10-3 = 8 #3# 24 # So from Ampere’s circuital law we have # # 1 # 10-2 -2 # B : dl L = m0 Ienc . J = kr and the total current flowing in the wire is given by he lp.3m0 So.2.8m0 az Wb/m co m where k is a constant. we have 0 = 3m0 + C2 or C2 =. (1) B = d#A 2 Since (calculated in previous question) B = m0 H =.248 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 SOL 4. 0) Az = 3m0 (x . the magnetic vector potential at origin is A =. Since the current density inside the wire is given by J\r So we have. For View Only Shop Online at www.co.3m0 Thus.. 5) (given).1) =.5 nWb/m2 B (2pr) = GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww r3 1 # 10 Ienc = J : dS = kr (2pr) dr = b 15 # 103 l # 2p .3m0 ay Wb/m As the magnetic flux density is in ay direction so A is expected to be z -directed. g 2pk (2 # 10-2) 3 3 -3 So we have k = 3 # 5 # 10 -6 = 15 # 103 16p 2p # 8 # 10 Now for the Amperian loop at r = 1 cm enclosed current is 5 # 10-3 = m0 15 10-3 24 # Therefore the magnetic flux density at r = 1 cm is 10-3 -7 B = 15 # # 4p # 10 24 2p (1 # 10-2) = 1. at origin (0. The magnetic flux density at any point is equal to the curl of the vector magnetic potential at the point i.

i.2z + 24zyE dz =. ga te he # dI (pr ) = # 2 1 lp.m2 3 4 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .18 Option (C) is correct. 3 # z # 4 m is 4 4 xz2 + 6x2 z dydz (dS = dydza ) I = Jx : dS =x e o 2 S z = 3 y = 1 (y + 1) 4 4 2z2 + 24z dydz (x = 2 m ) =e o (y + 1) 2 3 1 4 2 4 4 =. the current in the loop is given as dI = rS wrdr Therefore the magnetic dipole moment is m = ww w. r=0 4 1 co # For View Only Shop Online at www..2.17 Option (D) is correct.in SOL 4. Now as the charged disk(charge density. Magnetic dipole moment of a conducting loop carrying current I is defined as : m = IS where S is the area enclosed by the conducting loop.e. So for a ring of radius r .1 rad/s so.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 249 # SOL 4. Current density at any point in a magnetic field is defined as the curl of magnetic field intensity at the point.co. rS = 20 C/m2 ) is rotating with angular velocity w = 0.2..1 # p :r D = p A.145 A # # m # # # (rS wrdr) (pr2) = rS wp # 1 0 r3 dr = 20 # 0. J = d#H So the current density component in ax direction is H H 2 y =xz2 + 6x2 z a Jx = (d # H) x = 2 z e o x 2 2 y z (y + 1) 2 Therefore the total current passing through the surface x = 2 m .b 3 z2 + 72z l dz 5 y+1 3 3 1 =. magnetic dipole moment m = I (pr2).nodia. 1 # y # 4 m .

we have Have = 3 az pr Option (A) is correct. Magnetic dipole moment of a spherical shell of radius r having surface charge density rS is given as where w is angular velocity. w = 4 rad/ s ) = 1 # (5) # (4) # r2 = 4r2 A.21 Option (C) is correct. S = 0.2. Therefore.1 m2 ) m = (7) (0. the produced magnetic field will be in az direction as determined by right hand rule. we have 5 Q m (r) = 4p rv w r = 1 Qwr2 e rv = 4 pr3 o 3 5 5 3 (Q = 5 C .5z = 3.in SOL 4. The average magnetic field intensity over a sphere of radius r .2.250 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 SOL 4. g at e he lp.2. Thus. m = 4p rS wr 4 3 Since the total charge of 5 C is distributed over the volume of the sphere so.19 Option (B) is correct.5 For which we have the function f = x + 2y . co For View Only Shop Online at www.1) an Now the given plane is x + 3y .nodia. the magnetic dipole moment of the sphere is given as (rS = rv dr ) m (r) = 4p (rv dr) wr 4 3 where rv is uniformly distributed volume charge density of the sphere. due to steady currents within the sphere is defined as 2 (m = 4r2 ) Have = 1 2m = 1 2 #34r = 2 3 pr 4p r 4p r As the sphere is spinning about the z -axis so.20 SOL 4. Magnetic dipole moment of a conducting loop carrying current I is defined as : m = ISan where S is the area enclosed by the conducting loop and an is normal vector to the surface. So we have ( I = 7 A.5z GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.m2 5 # m .co.1.1.

ga te f = Option (D) is correct.e. i.nodia.2ax + 0.5) 2 So the magnetic dipole moment of the coil is (a + 3ay .5az ) m = (0.7) x 3.3ax .m2 SOL 4. (H ) in the terms of magnetic vector potential.2ay + 6az@ = 0 m0 lp. we have the electric current density in the free space as J = d # 1 6.22 SOL 4. J = d#H So.co.6ay .2.in and the normal unit vector to the plane is. ax + 3ay .0.1.2ay + 4az@ m0 Since the electric current density at any point is equal to the curl of magnetic field intensity at that point.8ax .2z) ax + 4xzay@ m0 m0 = 1 6. (A) is defined as d H = 1 (d # A) = 1 6 # (6y .5az 4f = an = 4f 12 + 32 + (. where dS is differential surface area vector.23 i.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 251 For View Only Shop Online at www. Magnetic flux density across the toroid at a distance r from it’s center is defined as m NI B = 0 a 2p r f where N " Total no. the total magnetic flux across the toroid is given by the surface integral of the flux density # B : dS S # he Option (B) is correct. 5 = 1.1.3az A. The magnetic field intensity. co m . Consider a width dr of toroid at a distance r from it’s center as shown in figure So we have the total magnetic flux across the toroid as 2 m0 NI (dS = hdraf ) f = b 2pr af l (hdraf) r=1m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1.e. of turns I " Current flowing in the toroid So.2.

I = 10 A ) = 4p # 10 # 10 # 10 # 10 ln b 2 l 2p 1 = 1.1.co.31% 1.25 Option (C) is correct.24 SOL 4.5 m ) B = a 3p f Therefore the total magnetic flux is 2 m0 NI (dS = hdraf ) f' = B : dS = b 3p af l (hdraf) r=1 -7 5 2 (N = 105 . Consider the point P on z -axis is (0.33 Wb Thus. 0. the percentage of error is f' . As determined in previous question the magnetic flux density across the toroid at a distance r from it’s center is m NI B = 0 a 2pr f So at the mean radius.cos a1@ af 4pr GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.39 he lp.12.252 Magnestostatic Fields -7 5 Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www. I = 10 A ) = 4p # 10 # 10 # 10 # 10 6r @1 3p = 1.39 # 100% =.39 wb as calculated above) 100% % error = f # = 1. r = a + b = 1. g at e Option (B) is correct.33 . (r = 1.2. h) and current flowing in the current element is I in ax direction.2.in (N = 105 .39 Wb SOL 4. Since the magnetic field intensity at any point P due to a current element I is defined as H = I 6cos a2 .5 m 2 m0 NI we have.nodia.f ( f = 1. # # co m .

So.Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 253 For View Only where SOL 4. The magnetic flux density produced at a distance r from a straight wire carrying current I is defined as mI B = 0 2pr Now consider a strip of width dr of the square loop at a distance r from the straight wire as shown in the figure.cos a1@ af 4pr ( r = h. a2 = 0c) = I 6cos 0c . a2 " angle subtended by the upper end of the element at P .in r " distance of point P from the current element. So for the given current element along positive x -axis we have a1 = 90c a2 = 0c Therefore. from equation (1) we have Hnet = 3 H he lp. a1 " angle subtended by the lower end of the element at P . the magnetic field intensity produced at point P due to the current element along the positive y -axis is H = I 6cos a2 . So.ay + ax ) 4ph or.cos 90c@ af 4p h (af = ay # az = ax ) = I ax 4p h Therefore the resultant magnetic field intensity produced at point P due to both the current elements will be Hnet = I (.26 Option (B) is correct. ga te Shop Online at www. co m .. af = ax # az =.co. a1 = 90c.ay Therefore magnetizing force is H = I (.. Hnet = I 2 4ph Thus.nodia.2.ay) 4ph . (r = h ) H = I af 4ph Now the direction of magnetic field intensity is defined as af = al # a r where al is unit vector along the line current and a r is the unit vector normal to the line current directed toward the point P . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.(1) or H = I 4ph Now consider the current flowing in the current element introduced along the positive y -axis is I in ay direction.

3 . Total magnetic flux crossing the strip is dym = B ^2drh mI = 0 (2dr) 2pr So.nodia.5 A w. the flux crossing the complete square loop is 6 m I 0 ym = dym = ^2drh r = 4 2pr -7 mI = 0 6ln r@6 = 4p # 10 # 5 b ln 6 l 4 p p 4 -7 = 8. The magnetic flux density B produced at any point P due to a straight wire carrying current I is defined as mI B = 0 6cos a2 .55 m b = 0.2.05 2pr Therefore the current that produces the net flux ym = 5 # 10-5 Tm2 is 4p -5 I = # 5 # 10 m0 ^ln ^1 hh = 238.co.5 m a = 0.. Consider the flux density at the given point due to semi infinite wire along y -axis is B1 and the flux density due to wire along z -axis is B2 .27 SOL 4. So we have L = 0.cos a1@ af 4pr GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (B) is correct. b are the distance of the two sides of square loop from the conductor.3 + 2 0.in SOL 4.0. As calculated in previous question the total flux crossing through the square loop due to the straight conducting element is b m I 0 ym = ^Ldrh r = a 2pr where I is the current carried by the conductor.2.5drh = 40p 6ln r@0.55 m I mI mI 0 Thus.254 Magnestostatic Fields Chap 4 For View Only Shop Online at www.11 # 10 Weber = 2.42 mWb # # co m (area of strip = 2dr ) . g at e he # # lp. ym = ^0.05 m 2 0.55 = 40p ^ln 11h 0 05 r = 0. L is the side of the square loop and a.5 = 0.5 = 0.28 Option (D) is correct.

cos p k^.0 ay 2p Thus.0 az 2 2p 4p ^2 h a Similarly we have the magnetic flux density produced at point P due to semi infinite wire along z -axis as m B2 =. we have r = 2m (al = ay. a2 " angle subtended by the upper end of the wire at P . a r = ax ) af = ay # ^ax h =.29 Option (D) is correct.az h =. the net magnetic flux density produced at point P due to the L-shaped filamentary wire is m m B =. a1 " angle subtended by the lower end of the wire at P . the current density inside the conductor is J = I 2 pR We construct an Amperian loop of radius r(< R) inside the cylindrical wire for GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.nodia.az p.0 az 2p 2p =. Using ampere’s circuital law we have = m0 Ienc As the conductor carries current I which is uniformly distribute over the conductor cross section so. and the direction of the magnetic flux density is given as af = al # a r where al is unit vector along the line current and a r is the unit vector normal to the line current directed toward the point P .in SOL 4. co m . ga te # B : dl r " distance of point P from the straight wire. a = 0 (as y tends to 3) a1 = 2 2 Therefore the magnetic flux density produced at point P due to the semi infinite wire along y -axis is m0 ^4h m B1 = cos 0 .0 ay .Chap 4 Magnestostatic Fields 255 For View Only Shop Online at www.co.2. So.3 ^ay + 3az h # 10-4 Wb/m2 where he lp.

256

Magnestostatic Fields

Chap 4

SOL 4.2.30

Bf = So

SOL 4.2.31

Option (C) is correct. We consider only the half side of the loop to determine the flux density at the center as shown in the figure.

The magnetic flux density B produced at any point P due to a straight wire carrying current I is defined as mI B = 0 6cos a2 - cos a1@ af 4pr where r " distance of point P from the straight wire. a1 " angle subtended by the lower end of the wire at P . a2 " angle subtended by the upper end of the wire at P . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

w. g

at e

m0 I 2pr B\ 1 r

he

lp.

Option (D) is correct. Similarly as calculated above we construct an Amperian loop of radius r (> R) outside the cylinder for which the entire current flowing in the wire will be enclosed. i.e. Ienc = I and from Ampere’s circuital law we get, Bf ^2prh = m0 I

co

m

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in which the enclosed current is r2 Ienc = b I 2 l pr2 = I c 2 m R pR and since the current is flowing along z -axis so using right hand rule we get the direction of magnetic flux density along + af . Thus, from Amperes circuital law, we have (Bf) (2pr) = Ienc m Ir2 or Bf = 0 c 2 m 2pr R m Ir or B = 0 2 af 6pR

Chap 4

Magnestostatic Fields

257

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

he

SOL 4.2.32

Option (D) is correct. Using right hand rule we conclude that the field intensity produced at centre of the loop by the loop wire and the straight wire are opposing each other, so, the field intensity at the centre of the loop will be zero if ...(1) Hwire = Hloop where Hwire is the field intensity produced at the center of loop due to the straight wire and Hloop is the field intensity produced at the center of loop due to the current in the circular loop. Since the magnetic field intensity produced at a distance r from an infinitely long straight wire carrying current I is defined as H = I 2pr So we have Hwire = I = 20 = 10 ^I = 20 A, r = 1 mh p 2p ^ 1 h 2p and as calculated in Q.59 the field intensity produced by circular loop at its center is where a is the radius of the loop Hloop = I 2a I 10I (a = 10 cm ) or, Hloop = -2 = 2 = 5I 2 ^10 # 10 h So putting the values in eq. (1) we get 10 = 5I p Thus, I =6A p

lp.

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in and the direction of the magnetic flux density is given as af = al # a r where al is unit vector along the line current and a r is the unit vector normal to the line current directed toward the point P . Therefore, the magnetic flux density produced at centre O due to the half side of the square loop is mI B1 = 0 ^cos a2 - cos a1h af 4pr 1 where r = 1 m a1 = p and cos a2 = = 1 2 2 2 2 1 +1 -7 ^4p # 10 h^1 h 1 Thus, (af = ay # ^- ax h = az ) B1 = c 2 - 0 m az 4p ^1 h -4 = 10 az Wb/m2 2 As all the half sides of the loop will produce the same magnetic flux density at the centre so, the net magnetic flux density produced at the centre due to whole square loop will be B = 8B1 = 4 2 # 10-7 az Wb/m2

co

m

258

Magnestostatic Fields

Chap 4

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in SOL 4.2.33 Option (D) is correct. Consider one half side of the square loop to determine the magnetic field intensity at the centre O as shown in the figure.

SOL 4.2.34

Now the field intensity due to segment (1) (Semicircular loop) at point P can be given directly as calculated in Que.60 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

The magnetic field intensity H produced at any point P due to a straight wire carrying current I is defined as H = I 6cos a2 - cos a1@ 4pr where r " distance of point P from the straight wire. a1 " angle subtended by the lower end of the wire at P . a2 " angle subtended by the upper end of the wire at P . So we have r = a/2 a1 = p/2 and a2 = p/4 Therefore the magnetic field intensity produced at centre O due to the half side of the square loop is I H1 = cos p - cos p k = I 2 4 2p (a/2) a 2 pa As all the eight half sides produces same field intensity at the centre of the loop so, net field intensity produced at the center due to the complete square loop is Hnet = 8 c I m = 2 2 I pa 2 pa Option (A) is correct. For the shown current loop we divide the loop in two segments as shown in figure

w. g

at e

he

lp.

co

m

Chap 4

Magnestostatic Fields

259

For View Only i.e.

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in

SOL 4.2.35

and for the sheet in z = 2 m plane m B2 = 0 ^- 4ax h # ^- az h =- 2m0 ay ^an =- az h 2 Therefore, the net flux density between the sheets is B = B1 + B2 =- 4m0 ay Thus the magnetic flux per unit length along the direction of current is ym /l = B # (Dis tan ce between the plates) =- 8m0 ay Wb/m ***********

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

Option (B) is correct. The flux density due to infinite current carrying sheet is defined as m B = 0 K # an 2 where K is surface current density and an is unit vector normal to the surface directed toward the point where flux density is to be determined So, for the sheet in z = 0 plane, m B1 = 0 ^4ax h # ^az h =- 2m0 ay ^an = az h 2

he

where a is radius of semicircular loop H1 = I 4a (a = 1 m ) or H1 = 8 = 2 A/m 4 ^1 h again for determining the field intensity due to segment (2) we consider it as the half portion of a complete square loop of side 2 m and since the field intensity due to a completer square loop of side a carrying current I can be directly given from previous question. i.e. H = 2 2I pa so the field intensity due to the half portion of square loop is H2 = 1 H = 2 I 2 pa 2 ^8 h 4 2 or (I = 8 A , a = 2 m ) H2 = = p p ^2 h As determined by right hand rule the direction of field intensity produced at point P due to the two segments will be same (inward) therefore, the net magnetic field intensity produced at point P will be Hnet = H1 + H2 = 2 + 4 2 = 3.8 A/m inward. p

lp.

co

m

260

Magnestostatic Fields

Chap 4

For View Only

SOLUTIONS 4.3

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in

i.e. For r < a , So,

SOL 4.3.2

Since, the hole is drilled along the length of wire. So, it can be assumed that the GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

w. g

= Ienclosed 2 H ^2pr h = Jr2 a for r < a & H = Jr 2 H \ r, 2pa Option (C) is correct. Assume that the cross section of the wire lies in the x -y plane as shown in figure below :

# H : dl

at e

he

H ^2pr h = (pa2) J H = Io 2pr H \ 1 , for r > a r J (pr 2) Jr 2 Ienclosed = = 2 a pa 2

co

# H : dl

= Ienclosed

m

Io = (pa2) J

SOL 4.3.1

Option (B) is correct. For r > a , Ienclosed = (pa2) J

lp.

Chap 4

Magnestostatic Fields

261

SOL 4.3.3

Option (A) is correct. Due to 1 A current wire in x -y plane, magnetic field be at origin will be in x direction as determined by right hand rule. Due to 1 A current wire in y -z plane, magnetic field be at origin will be in z direction as determined by right hand rule. Thus, x and z -component is non-zero at origin. Option (D) is correct. The total flux, F = 1.2 mWb = 1.2 # 10-3 Wb Cross sectional area, A = 30 cm2 = 30 # 10-4 m2 So, the flux density is given as -3 B = F = 1.2 # 10-4 = 0.4 Tesla A 30 # 10 Option (D) is correct. The relation between magnetic flux density B and vector potential A is given as B = d#A Option (B) is correct.

SOL 4.3.4

SOL 4.3.5

SOL 4.3.6

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in drilled portion carriers current density of - J . Now, for the wire without hole, magnetic field intensity at point P will be given as Hf1 (2pR) = J (pR2) & Hf1 = JR 2 Since, point O is at origin and the cross section of the wire located in x -y plane. So, in vector form the field intensity due to the current carrying wire without considering the hole is given as (1) H1 = J (xax + yay) 2 Again, only due to the hole magnetic field intensity at point P will be given as (Hf2) (2pr) =- J (pr 2) Hf2 = - Jr 2 Again, if we take Ol at origin then in vector form (2) H2 = - J (xlax + ylay) 2 where xl and yl denotes point ‘P ’ in the new co-ordinate system. Now the relation between two co-ordinate system will be x = xl + d and y = yl So, putting it into equation (2) we have H2 = - J [(x - d) ax + yay] 2 Therefore, the net magnetic field intensity at point P is Hnet = H1 + H2 = J dax 3 i.e. the magnetic field inside the hole will depend only on d .

he

lp.

co

m

262

Magnestostatic Fields

Chap 4

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in For an isolated body the charge is distributed over its region which depends on the total change and the curvature of the body. Thus Statement 1 is correct Since the magnetic flux lines form loop so the total magnetic flux through any closed surface is zero. Thus Statement 2 is correct.

SOL 4.3.7

Option (D) is correct. The magnetic flux density in terms of vector potential is defined as B = d#A

SOL 4.3.8

Option (B) is correct. Consider the current element along z -axis as shown in the figure.

SOL 4.3.9

SOL 4.3.10

Option (D) is correct. For the given circular cylinder, consider the surface current density is K . So, the total current I through the cylinder is given as K ^2pr h = I where r is radius of circular cylinder. 5 So, K= I = = 50 A/m 2pr p 2p ^5 # 10-2h Option (B) is correct. Magnetic vector potential of an infinitesimally small current element is defined as m0 Idl A= 4p R where R is the distance from current element. Given that R " 3 So A =0

ww

SOL 4.3.11

Option (A) is correct. Consider the two parallel sheets are separated by a distance ‘d ’ as shown in the figure below GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

w. g

#

Using right hand rule we get the direction of magnetic field directing normal to radial line OP .

at e

he

lp.

co

i.e. the line integral of vector potential A around the boundary of a surface S is equal to the flux through the surface S .

m

# B : dS

# ^d # AhdS F = # A : dl

=

Chap 4

Magnestostatic Fields

263

For View Only

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SOL 4.3.13

Option (D) is correct. The radiated E and H field are determined by following steps (1) Determine magnetic field intensity H from the expression B = mH = d # A (2) then determine E from the expression E d # H = e2 2 t So, the concept of vector magnetic potential is used to find the expression of radiated E and H field.

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

# # H : dl

= Ienc H ^2prh = 2pJ 0 ^r3 - a3h 3a 2 J 0 ^r3 - a3h H = 4a2 r

SOL 4.3.12

Option (B) is correct. For the given current distribution, the current enclosed inside the cylindrical surface of radius r for a < r < b is r r 2p J 0 3 3 Ienc = bJ 0 a2 l^2prdrh = 3r2 ^r - a h a and the magnetic field intensity is given as

he

The two sheets carries surface currents K = Ky ay At any point between them the magnetic field intensity is given as H = 1 K # ^anu + anl h 2 where anu is the normal vector to the upper plate and anl is normal vector to the lower plate both directs toward the point between them i.e. anu =- az and anl = az So, H = 1 Ky ay # ^- az + az h = 0 2

lp.

co

m

264

Magnestostatic Fields

Chap 4

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in SOL 4.3.14 Option (B) is correct. Using right hand rule, we conclude that the direction of field intensity is same as determined for the two correct elements 3I and 2I while it is opposite for the current element I . Therefore, from the ampere’s circuital law, we get the circulation of H around the closed contour as

# H : dl

SOL 4.3.15 SOL 4.3.16

= Ienclosed = 2I + 3I - I = 4I

SOL 4.3.18

SOL 4.3.19

Option (B) is correct. Consider the current flowing in the loop is I and since the magnetic field intensity is maximum at the centre of the loop given as H = I 2r where r is radius of the loop. So, the current that must flow in the loop to produce the magnetic field H = 1 mA/m is

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

Option (D) is correct. Magnetic field intensity at a distance r from a long straight wire carrying current I is defined as H = I 2pr 1= 1 2p r r = 1 = 1.59 m 2p

w. g

at e

SOL 4.3.17

Option (D) is correct. Unit of work is Joule. Unit of electric field strength ^E h is volt/meter. Unit of magnetic flux is Weber. Unit of magnetic field strength is Ampere/meter. So, in the match list we get, A " 4 , B " 3 , C " 2 ,D " 1.

he

i.e. H : dl = Ienc So, for the current I the circulation at a radial distance R is given as H ^2pRh = I or H = I 2pR Therefore, the magnetic flux density at the radial distance R is mI B = m0 H = 0 5p R

#

lp.

co

Option (D) is correct. From Ampere’s circuital law, the circulation of magnetic field intensity in a closed path is equal to the current enclosed by the path

m

Option (C) is correct. The unit of magnetic flux density (B ) is Tesla or Wb/m2

Chap 4

Magnestostatic Fields

265

**For View Only
**

SOL 4.3.20

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in I = 2rH = 2 # 1 # 1 = 2 mA

Option (C) is correct. Magnetic flux density B in terms of vector potential A is defined as B = d#A So, B can be easily obtained from A also we know d : A = 0 but it is not the explanation of Assertion (A). i.e. A and R both are true but R is not the correct explanation of A. Option (A) is correct. (1) Magnetic flux density in terms of vector potential is given as B = d#A (2) Poission’s equation for magnetic vector potential is

SOL 4.3.21

SOL 4.3.22

SOL 4.3.23

SOL 4.3.24

Option (D) is correct. The net outward magnetic flux through a closed surface is always zero as magnetic flux lines has no source or sinks. i.e.

ww w. ga te

# H : dl

H ^2pr h = I = Ienc &

Option (B) is correct. Magnetic field intensity due to a long straight wire carrying current I at a distance r from it is defined as H = I 2pr 1 = 10 2p r r = 10 = 1.59 m 2p Option (C) is correct. Magnetic field intensity due to an infinite linear current carrying conductor is defined as

# B : dS

=0

he

H = I 2pr

lp.

d2 A =- m0 J (3) Magnetic vector potential for a line current is defined as m0 Idl A= 2p R So, all the statements are correct.

#

co

m

(1) (2)

Now, from Gauss’s law we have

# ^d : B hdv = # B : dS = 0

So, comparing the equation (1) and (2) we get d:B = 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

266

Magnestostatic Fields

Chap 4

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in SOL 4.3.25 Option (D) is correct. Given, the plane y = 0 carries a uniform current density 30 az mA/m and since the point A is located at (1, 20, - 2 ) so, unit vector normal to the current sheet is an = ay Therefore, the magnetic field intensity H = 1 K # an = 1 ^30az h # ^ay h =- 15ax mA/m (K = 30az mA/m ) 2 2

SOL 4.3.26

SOL 4.3.27

SOL 4.3.28

Option (D) is correct. As the magnetic flux lines have no source or sinks i.e. it forms a loop. So the total outward flux through a closed surface is zero. Option (D) is correct. The magnetic field intensity due a surface current density K is defined as H = 1 K # an 2 Where an is unit normal vector to the current carrying surface directed toward the point of interest. Given that, K = 2ax . and since the surface carrying current is in plane z = 0 . So, for - a < z < 0 an =- az and H1 = 1 ^2ax h # ^- az h = ay 2 For 0 < z < x , an = a z and H2 = 1 ^2ay h # ^az h =- 1 az 2 4

SOL 4.3.29

ww

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

w. g

i.e.

# B : dS

=0

at e

Option (D) is correct. Superconductors are popularly used for generating very strong magnetic field.

***********

he

Option (D) is correct. The magnetic flux density at any point is curl of the magnetic vector potential at that point. i.e. B = d#A From the Maxwell’s equation, the divergence of magnetic flux density is zero. i.e. d:B = 0 Again from the Maxwell’s equation, the curl of the magnetic field intensity is equal to the current density. i.e. 4# H = J or, (B = m0 H ) d # B = m0 J The expression given in option (A) is incorrect i.e. B ! d:A

lp.

co

m

CHAPTER 5

MAGNESTOSTATIC FIELDS IN MATTER

268

Magnestostatic Fields in Matter

Chap 5

For View Only

EXERCISE 5.1

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in

MCQ 5.1.1

Path of a charged particle A that enters in a uniform magnetic field B (pointing into the page) is shown in the figure.

The deflection in the path of the particle shows that the particle is (A) positive charged (B) negatively charged (C) uncharged

MCQ 5.1.2

at e

Unit of a magnetic point charge is (A) Ampere meter

MCQ 5.1.3

(B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A. (C) A is true but R is false. (D) A is false but R is true.

MCQ 5.1.4

An electron beam is passed through a uniform crossed electric and magnetic fields E = 15ay V/m and B = 23az wb/m2 (E and B are mutually perpendicular and both of them perpendicular to the beam). If the beam passes the field without any deflection then the velocity of the beam will be (A) 5 m/s (B) 45 m/s

(C) 30 m/s (D) 18 m/s GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

Assertion (A) : Both the electric force and magnetic force are produced when a charged particle moves at a constant velocity. Reason (R) : Electric force is an accelerating force where as magnetic force is a purely deflecting force. (A) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.

w. g

(C) Ampere meter square

he

lp.

(D) can’t be determined (B) coulomb meter (D) doesn’t exit

co

m

Chap 5

Magnestostatic Fields in Matter

269

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in MCQ 5.1.5 An electron is moving in the combined fields E = 0.1ax - 0.2ay + 0.3az kV/m and B =- 2ax + 3ay - az Tesla . If the velocity of the electron at t = 0 is V (0) = (200ax - 300ay - 400az ) m/s then the acceleration of the electron at t = 0 will be (charge on electron,e = 1.6 # 10-19 C ; mass of electron,me = 9.1 # 10-31 kg ) (A) 1.75 # 1013 (1.1ax + 1.4ay - 0.5az ) m/s2 (B) 2.1 # 10 4 (ax + ay - az ) m/s2 (C) 3.5 # 1013 (6ax + 6ay - az ) m/s2 (D) 3.19 # 10-17 (6ax + 6ay - az ) m/s2

MCQ 5.1.6

MCQ 5.1.7

MCQ 5.1.8

Which of the following statements is correct for a current free interface between two different magnetic media ? (A) Normal component of magnetic field intensity will be continuous. (B) Tangential component of magnetic flux density will be continuous. (C) Magnetic scalar potential will be same in both the medium. (D) None of these

**Statement for Linked Question 9 - 10 :
**

In the free space three uniform current sheets with surface current densities K1 = 4ax , K2 =- 4ax , K 3 =- 2ax are located in the plane z = 0 , z = 1 and z =- 1 respectively.

MCQ 5.1.9

Net magnetic field intensity produced between the sheets located at z = 0 and z = 1 will be (A) 2ay A/m (B) 4ay A/m (C) - 2ay A/m (D) 0

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

Consider two current loops C1 and C2 carrying current I1 and I2 , separated by a distance R. If the force experienced by the current loop C2 due to the current loop C1 is F , then the force experienced by current loop C1 due to the current loop C2 will be (A) - F (B) F (C) - F b I1 l (D) F b I2 l I2 I1

he

lp.

(C) 18ax - 6ay mN

co

A current element of 2 m length placed along z -axis carries a current of I = 3 mA in the + az direction. If a uniform magnetic flux density of B = ax + 7ay wb/m2 is present in the space then what will be the force on the current element in the presence of the magnetic flux density ? (A) 6ax - 18ay mN (B) - 18ax + 6ay mN (D) - 1.8ax + 6ay mN

m

d. Reason (R) : A paramagnetic material have an odd no. What will be the torque acting on the loop in presence of magnetic field B = 4ax . mr K 1 cm >> 0 .m cm = 0 . Ferromagnetic Diamagnetic Non-magnetic Paramagnetic b 3 3 1 3 at e c 1 1 3 4 d 4 2 2 2 he 1.14 Which of the following is a diamagnetic material ? (A) copper (B) sodium (C) carbon (D) aluminum MCQ 5.co.11 (D) .14m0 az N/m MCQ 5.20az N. g MCQ 5. w.14ay .m (A) 3ax .m .1.20az N. if a uniform current of 10 A is flowing in the loop ? (A) 20p (2ax . mr L 1 cm < 0 . A circular current loop of radius 1 m is located in the plane z = 0 and centered at origin. 4.15 Assertion (A) : Aluminium is a paramagnetic material.1. mr >> 1 m A rectangular coil of area 1 m2 carrying a current of 5 A lies in the plane 2x + 6y . Such that magnetic moment is directed away from origin.4ay .20ay . b.10 If a conducting filament located along the line y = 0 .14az N.in MCQ 5. 3. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Codes : a (A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 4 (D) 1 lp.12 (C) 4p (ax + ay) MCQ 5.1.1.3z = 4 .1.1. mr = 1 cm > 0 . 2. of electrons.az ) (B) 40p (ax + ay) (D) 40p (ax . Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below : (Notations have their usual meaning) List-I a.20ay . (B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.14az N/m (B) 14m0 ax N/m (C) 14m0 az N/m MCQ 5.2 m carries 7 A current in + ax direction then what will be the force per unit length exerted on it ? (A) .nodia.13 List I shows the type of magnetic materials and List-II shows their criterions.m (D) 6ax . z = 0. (A) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.4ay .270 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.4az N.2az wb/m2 . If the coil is surrounded by a uniform magnetic field B = 2ax + 4ay + 5az wb/m2 then the torque on the coil will be (B) 30ax . c.ay) co List-II (C) 21ax .

20 ww w.74 (D) 3 # 10-5 MCQ 5. ga te A magnetic material of relative permeability mr = 4/p is placed in a magnetic field having strength H = 2r2 af A/m .16 Shop Online at www. The magnetization of the material at r = 2 will be (A) 8.1h H co (C) B 2m0 (D) 2B 3m0 m Magnetic flux density inside a magnetic material is B .1.19af A/m A metallic bar of cross sectional area 2 m2 is placed in a magnetizing field H = 8 A/m .18 (C) ^k + 1h H MCQ 5.21 A large piece of magnetic material carries a uniform magnetization M and magnetic field intensity H 0 inside it.3 then the magnetization inside the medium will be (A) 3979 A/m (B) 2249 A/m (C) 9151 A/m (D) 8650 A/m MCQ 5.co.10af A/m (D) 2. A portion of B -H curve for a ferromagnetic material can be approximated by the analytical expression B = m0 kH . If the field causes a total magnetic flux of F = 4. (D) A is false but R is true.nodia.M 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp. MCQ 5.1.87 (B) 23.1.in Magnetic flux density inside a medium is 6az mwb/m2 . The magnetization vector M inside the material is (A) ^m0 k .2M 3 (D) H 0 .17 MCQ 5. If the the permeability of the material is m = 3m0 then the vector magnetization of the material will be (A) B (B) 3B 3m0 2m0 .19af A/m (B) 1.546af A/m MCQ 5.1h H (B) kH (D) ^k . The magnetic flux density inside the material is given by B 0 = m0 (2H 0 + M) If a small spherical cavity is hollowed out of the material then the magnetic field intensity H at the center of the cavity will be (A) 2H 0 (B) H 0 + M 3 (C) H 0 .19 (C) 0.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 271 For View Only (C) A is true but R is false. If the relative permeability of the medium is 2.2 mWb in the bar then the susceptibility of the bar will be (A) 22.1.1.87 (C) 46.1.

272 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.in Statement for Linked Question 22 .23c A uniformly magnetized circular cylinder of infinite length has magnetization M along it’s axis.2az A/m .25 An infinite circular cylinder is located along z -axis that carries a uniform magnetization M = 1.1. g (C) 8.1.7af MCQ 5. If the incident of the flux line makes an angle a1 = 75c to the normal of the boundary in the nickel side as shown in figure then what will be the angle a2 with normal of the flux when it comes out in free space ? (relative permeability of Nickel = 600 ) w.co.24 (C) zero (D) none of these MCQ 5.22 Bound current density inside the medium will be 3m0 (B) 8 ay A/m2 (A) a A/m2 3m0 8 y MCQ 5.1.4af (B) 1.7c (D) 0. The magnetic field intensity outside the cylinder will be (A) non uniform co Total current density inside the medium will be (B) 4 ay A/m2 (A) 4 at A/m2 m0 3m0 (D) 4m0 ay A/m2 m (C) 4 ay A/m2 3m0 (D) 16 ay A/m2 3m0 .1. (D) 4.356c GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (B) uniform and depend on the radius of circular cylinder lp.23 : A nonuniform magnetic field B inside a medium with magnetic susceptibility cm = 2 is given as B = 3zax Tesla MCQ 5.2 # 10-7 af (B) 0.8 # 10-7 af at e (C) 2.26 (A) 15c ww Magnetic flux lines are passing from a nickel material to the free space.23 (C) 8 ay A/m2 3m0 MCQ 5.1. The magnetic flux density due to it inside the cylinder will be (A) 2.

10az A/m (B) (6.1.31 Two infinite plane conducting sheets are located in the plane z = 0 and z = 2 m .5az ) # 10-5 wb/m2 m . What will be the magnetic field intensity in the 2 nd medium ? (A) 9ax . then the magnetic flux density in the region z > 0 will be (A) 4ax + 3 ^1 + m0h az Wb/m2 (B) 4ax + m0 ay + 3az he lp.8ay + 7.If the plane z = 0 carries a surface current density K = 4ay A/m .60az ) wb/m2 MCQ 5.28 Magnetic flux density in medium 2 will be (A) (6.8ax .67ax .8ax + 14.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 273 For View Only Shop Online at www.1ay .1 J/m2 (C) 5 J/m2 (D) 7.10az A/m (D) 18.1.29 (C) ^4ax + 3az h^1 + m0h Wb/m2 (D) 4ax + 4m0 ay + 3az Wb/m2 MCQ 5.67ay .63ay .5 J/m2 (B) 4.co.9ay + 10az A/m (C) 9ax + 18.18. If in the region between the plates a uniform magnetic flux density is defined as B = ^12ax + 4ay h # 10-3 Wb/m2 then the magnetic energy stored per unit area of the plates will be (A) 2. An uniform magnetic field B = B 0 az is applied in free space (outside the magnetic material).1ax .The medium between the plates is a magnetic material of uniform permeability m = 4m0 .1.10az .5az ) # 10-5 wb/m2 (D) (54ax + 117ay . MCQ 5.1ay + 7.in Statement for Linked Question 27 . (C) (14. The field intensity Hin and flux density Bin inside the material will be respectively (B) B 0 and B 0 (A) mr m0 B 0 and mr B 0 mr m0 (C) mr B 0 and B 0 m0 (D) B 0 and mr B 0 m0 MCQ 5.14. linear and isotropic medium is defined in a Cartesian system such that medium 1 with relative permeability mr1 = 8 is located in the region y # 0 and medium 2 with relative permeability mr2 = 6 is in the region y > 0 .6.28 : The two homogenous.7.67ay + 10az A/m (B) 9ax + 2.8 J/m2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1.1.30 An infinite plane magnetic material slab of thickness d and relative permeability mr occupies the region 0 < x < d . ga te The magnetic flux density in the region z < 0 is given as B = 4ax + 8az Wb/m2 .5az ) # 10-5 wb/m2 co MCQ 5.27 The magnetic field intensity in the 1st medium is H1 = 13ax + 16ay .nodia.

(B) H1 cos q1 = H2 cos q2 co m .1 nH (D) 250 nH GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e he lp.nodia. So the angle of emergence q4 will be independent of (A) m1 and m2 both ww w. H1 ) and (B2 .1.274 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www. The permeability of three regions are m1 . Magnetic flux impinges at an angle q1 on the interface between regions 1 and 2.1. g (B) m2 only (D) m1 only (C) All m1 .34 A conducting wire is bent to form a circular loop of mean radius 20 cm . H2 ) respectively as shown in the figure. If cross sectional radius of the wire is a .33 In a three layer medium shown in the figure below.1. the magnetic fields are ( B1 .in MCQ 5. m2 and m3 MCQ 5. If the interface carries no current then the correct relation for the angle q1 and q2 is (A) B1 cos q1 = B2 cos q2 (C) B1 sin q1 = B1 sin q2 (D) Both (B) and (C) MCQ 5.co. m2 and m3 .32 In the two different mediums of permeability m1 and m2 . such that a << 20 cm then the internal inductance of the loop will be (A) 125 H (B) 785 nH (C) 157.

1. co m .co. ga te he lp.36 The coil of the magnetic circuit shown in figure has 100 turns.35 The magnetic circuit shown in the figure has N turns of coil. Which of the following is correct electrical analog for the magnetic circuit ? GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in MCQ 5.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 275 For View Only Shop Online at www.1. Electrical analog for the magnetic circuit shown in the figure is MCQ 5.nodia.

The current that must flow through the coil to produce 0.in (C) 20.4 Tesla of flux density in the core is (A) 320 A (B) 1.nodia.co.37 A 200 turns of a coil is wound over a magnetic core of length 15 cm that has the relative permeability of 150.63 A m MCQ 5. co (D) 0.276 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.1. g at e he lp.1 A *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.6 A .

2 A point charge + 2 C of mass m = 2 kg is injected with a velocity v 0 = 2ay m/s into the region y > 0 .in MCQ 5.1 MCQ 5. co m In the free space the magnetic flux density B points in the az direction and electric field E points in the ay direction as shown in the figure. ga te he lp. then what path will it follow ? .2 Shop Online at www. If a charged particle at rest is released from the origin.2. If the point charge is located at origin at the time of injection then in the region y > 0 the point charge will follow GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 277 For View Only EXERCISE 5.co.2.nodia. where the magnetic field is given by B = 3ax wb/m2 .

R (3.4 (C) 6 # 10-6 ay N MCQ 5. 0). Q (1. z =. An infinite straight wire lying on entire x -axis carries a current of 5 A in ax direction.2) (B) an elliptical path centered at origin (C) a circular path centered at (1.6 # 10-6 ay N (B) 12 # 10-6 ay N (D) .2.12 # 10-6 ay N lp. .278 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www. 4. 0).nodia. S (4.2.3 # 106 ay N (B) .5ax and 5ax A are located along the lines y = 0 . .in (A) a circular path centered at (0.co.4 : MCQ 5. If the vector force per unit length exerted on the third filamentary current of 10ax A located at y = k .1 m and y = 0 . 2. z = 1 m respectively. co (D) 3 # 10-6 ay N m A filamentary conductor is formed into a rectangle such that it’s corners lies on points P (1. 0.5 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2 # 10-6 ay N (C) . 0) (C) a parabolic path passing through origin Statement for Linked Question 3 . 3. 1. z = 0 be F then the plot of F versus k will be he The total force exerted on the conducting loop by the straight wire will be (A) . 0). g at e Two filamentary currents of . 1. 0).6 # 10-6 ay N MCQ 5.2.3 If the filamentary conductor carries a current of 3 A flowing in + ax direction from Q to R then the force exerted by wire on the side QR of rectangle will be (A) .

6 A current filament placed on x -axis carries a current I = 10 A in + ax direction.2.4ay mN m A conducting current strip of 5 m length is located in the plane x = 0 between y = 1 and y = 3 .16.2.in MCQ 5.4.6az mN/m (C) 6az mN/m MCQ 5.8 Plot of magnetizing factor H at any point in the space (inside or outside slab) versus y will be lp.5 m then what will be the force per unit meter on the filament exerted by the strip ? (A) 6.co.2.5 and z = 1.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 279 For View Only Shop Online at www.8ay mN .26.6ax mN/m (B) 6. ga te he MCQ 5.9 : co (C) .a to y =+ a carries a uniform current density J = J 0 ax GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Statement for Linked Question 8 .4ay mN (D)26.nodia. If surface current density of the strip is K = 6az A/m then the force exerted on it by a current filament placed on z -axis that carries a current I = 10 A in + az direction will be (A) .7 (D) 0 A thick slab extending from y =. If a conducting current strip having surface current density K = 3ax A/m is located in the plane y = 0 between z = 0.4ay mN (B).

nodia.11 The plot of the magnetic flux density B inside the cylinder versus r will be MCQ 5.12 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww A short cylinder placed along z -axis carries a “frozen-in” uniform magnetization M in + az direction.co.11 : A long circular cylinder placed along z -axis carries a magnetization M = 2r2 af .m 0 m0 J 0 yaz Statement for Linked Question 10 . g at e he lp.10 The volume current density J at any point inside the cylinder is proportional to (A) r (B) 1/r (C) r sin f MCQ 5.2.in MCQ 5.2. MCQ 5. If length of the cylinder is equal to its cross sectional diameter then pattern of its surface current density K will be as w.2. co (D) r2 m .9 If a magnetic dipole of moment m = m 0 ax is placed at the origin then the force exerted on it due to the slab will be (A) 0 N (B) m 0 m0 J 0 yaz (C) m 0 m0 J 0 az (D) .2.280 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.

23 # 10-6 wb/m2 (D) 34.88 # 10-6 wb/m2 (C) 51. ga te he lp.in Statement for Linked Question 14 . The net magnetic flux density at the center of the gap will be (A) 50.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 281 For View Only Shop Online at www. Which of the following gives the correct pattern of magnetic field lines (B ). co MCQ 5.1 mm between the ends of the rod when it is formed into a circular ring.15 : A conducting rod of square cross section of side 2 cm carries a uniform magnetization M = 4 A/m along it’s axis.04 # 10-7 wb/m2 (B) 49.2. Length of the rod is L >> 4 cm . MCQ 5.14 If the rod is bent around it into a complete circular ring then magnetic flux density inside the circular ring will be (A) 4 wb/m2 (B) 4m0 wb/m2 (C) 2pm0 wb/m2 (D) m0 wb/m2 MCQ 5.13 Magnetization of a long circular cylinder is M along it’s axis.15 Assume that there remains a narrow gap of width 0.2.66 # 10-6 wb/m2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2.nodia. m .co.

in MCQ 5. co m . g at e he lp.co.18 Mutual inductance between an infinite current filament placed along y -axis and rectangular coil of 1500 turns placed in x -y plane as shown in figure will be GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.17 m0 M 2 (D) 2 m0 M 3 A short cylinder of length equals to it’s diameter carries a uniform magnetization M as shown in the figure.2.282 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.16 Magnetic flux density B inside a sphere that carries a uniform magnetization M will be (A) 0 (B) 1 m0 M 3 (C) MCQ 5.2.2. The correct sketch for the magnetic field intensity H inside the cylinder is MCQ 5.nodia.

carries a uniform current I .nodia.2.19 Shop Online at www. 000 turns per meter.21 (C) 100. If both the plate carries 4 A current and there is a very small separation between them then what will be force of repulsion per meter between the two plates ? (A) 16m0 (B) 4m0 co (D) 10.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 283 For View Only (A) 41.2. mr = 100 ) (A) 8. (D) m0 /4 (B) mv 2Bq (D) 0 A planar transmission line consists of two conducting plates of 2 m width placed along x -z plane such that the current in one plate is flowing in + az direction.1 J/m (B) 20.in (B) 0.22 ww w. ga te A very long solenoid having 20.az direction.38 mH MCQ 5.2.4 mH (C) 2. Consider two particles of same charges Q but different masses m and 2m injected into the region of a uniform field B with a velocity v normal to the magnetic field as shown in the figure.33 mH (D) 33 mH An infinitely long straight wire of radius a . The energy stored per unit length in the internal magnetic field will be (A) uniform and depends on I only (B) non uniform (C) uniform and depends on a only (D) uniform and depends on both I and a MCQ 5.2. While in the other it is flowing in . The core of solenoid is formed of iron.04 m2 and it carries a current I = 100 mA then what will be the energy stored per meter in it’s field ? (relative Permeability of iron.5 J/m MCQ 5. If the cross sectional area of solenoid is 0.05 J/m m .20 (C) 8m0 MCQ 5.11 J/m A mass spectrograph is a device for separating charged particles having different masses. When the particles will be releasing out of the spectrograph the separation between them will be (A) 2mv Bq (C) mv Bq GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.co.

24 (D) none of these MCQ 5.2. The loop is free to swing about it’s pivoted side without friction. (Assume the magnetic field at equator has a value of 0. If the wire is situated in a uniform magnetic field B = 2.3 kg oriented in east-west direction. The mass of the wire is 0.9 kA What will be the magnitude of the current flowing in the wire as to counteract the gravitational force ? (A) 49 kA (B) 24.2 kg/m and carries a current 2 A.96 Wb/m2 then the angle by which the loop swings from the vertical is lp. (C) 98 kA co (D) 4.24 : Consider a conducting filamentary wire of length 1 meter and mass 0.26 ww (A) 3p/4 w.5 kA m The current that required to counteract the earth’s gravitational force on the wire must flow from (A) west to east (B) east to west .25 (C) p/6 MCQ 5.co.2.in Statement for Linked Question 23 .nodia. g at e (B) p/4 (D) p/2 Electron beams are injected normally to the plane edge of a uniform magnetic field H = H 0 ax as shown in figure.2 # 10-4 Wb/m2 and directed northward) MCQ 5. situated in the earth’s magnetic field at the magnetic equator.284 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he A rigid loop of wire in the form of a square is hung by pivoting one of it’s side along the x -axis as shown in the figure.2.23 (C) any of (A) and (B) MCQ 5.2.

co m .24m0 ay Wb/m (B) . The permeability of the magnetic material is m = 2m0 MCQ 5.4ay + 2ax h and ^4ay . The medium between the two plates is a magnetic material of non uniform permeability which varies linearly from a value of m1 near one plate to a value of m2 near the second plate.30 : The magnetic field intensity inside an infinite plane magnetic material slab is given as H = 12ax + 24ay .in The path of the electrons ejected out of the field will be in (B) .2ax + 4ay h and ^2ax .32m0 ay Wb/m MCQ 5. ga te he What will be the magnetic flux per unit length between the current sheets along the direction of flow of current ? (A) .27 (D) ^ay .4ay h (A) ^.2.40m0 ay Wb/m lp.2.co.2. consists of two magnetic material slabs of thickness 1 m and 2 m having permeabilities m1 = 2m0 and m2 = 4m0 respectively as shown in the figure.2ax + 4ay h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2ax h (C) ^4ax + 4ay h and ^2ax .Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 285 For View Only Shop Online at www.az h direction The medium between the two infinite plane parallel sheets carrying current densities 4ax and .ay direction (A) + ay direction (C) ^ay + az h direction MCQ 5.28 Two perfectly conducting. (C) . What will be the magnetic flux between the current sheets per unit length along the direction of flow of the current ? m + m2 (B) ^m1 + m2h Kd (A) b 1 Kd 2 l (C) b 1 + 1 l Kd m1 m2 (D) a m2 .8ax A/m .m1 Kd 2 k Statement for Linked Question 29 .16m0 ay Wb/m (D) .nodia. infinite plane parallel sheets separated by a distance d carry uniformly distributed surface currents with equal and opposite densities K and .4ay h (D) ^2ax + 4ay h and ^.K respectively.29 If the magnetic material slab occupies the region 0 < z < 2 m then the magnetization surface current densities at the surfaces z = 0 and z = 2 m will be respectively (B) ^.

286 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.33 mI 2 2pl w.2.nodia.32 Two infinitely long straight wire and a third wire of length l are parallel to each other located as shown in the figure. What will be the work done per unit volume in magnetizing the material from zero to a certain 2 value B 0 = 2m0 H 0 ? 2 3 (A) 4m0 H 0 (B) 4m0 H 0 3 3 .co.2.20 mA/m ay respectively. co m 5 B -H curve for a ferromagnetic material is given as B = 2m0 HH .4ax + 0.in MCQ 5. comprising the region z < 0 is a magnetic material with permeability m2 = 2m0 .34 Medium 1 comprising the region z > 0 is a magnetic material with permeability m1 = 4m0 where as the medium 2.8ay + az h Wb/m2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Two infinite plane conducting sheets lying in the plane x = 0 and x = 5 cm carry surface current densities + 10 mA/m ay and .4ax .31 (D) . The magnitude of the force experienced by the top wire is mI 2 (B) mpI 2 (A) p (D) mI 2pl (B) 160p J/m2 (C) 8p J/m2 (D) 1.2. (C) MCQ 5.2. If the medium between the plates is a magnetic material of uniform permeability m = 2m0 then what will be the energy stored per unit area of the plates ? (A) 800p J/m2 at e he lp.2ay 2 (C) 4m0 H 0 (D) 2 H 0 3 MCQ 5. g Infinitely long wire carries a current I while the wire of length l shown at the top carries a current 2I .6p J/m2 MCQ 5. Magnetic flux density in medium 1 is given by B1 = ^0.2.30 The magnetization volume current density Jm will be (A) 0 (B) 4ax + 2ay (C) 8ax + 4ay MCQ 5.

4ay mN (D) 0.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 287 For View Only Shop Online at www. If B2 = 1.15c (D) 12.in If the boundary z = 0 between the two media carries a surface current of density K given by K = 1 ^0.0.2ay + 0.8az then what will be the angular deflection ^q1 .35 (A) 1.06c GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (B) 6.az h Wb/m2 MCQ 5.8ay . The magnetic flux density in free space ^z > 0h makes an angle q.8ax + ay + az h Wb/m2 (C) ^ax + 0.8ay + az h Wb/m2 (D) ^ax + 0.2ax . with the interface whereas in medium 2 flux density makes an angle q2 as shown in the figure.8ay h Wb/m2 (B) ^. If the current in the square loop is 4 A then the force experienced by the loop will be m .2ay mN MCQ 5.6c (B) 19.nodia. co A square loop of a conductor lying in the yz plane is bisected by an infinitely long straight wire carrying current 2 A as shown in the figure.47c (C) 31.36 A certain region z < 0 comprises a magnetic medium with permeability m = 25m0 .q2h ? (A) 50.2.2.64ay mN lp.ax + 0.co.4ay h A/m m0 then the magnetic flux density in medium 2 will be (A) ^0.6ay mN ww w. ga te (C) 3.

g The coil of a magnetic circuit has 50 turns.2.38 If the no.37 If S1 = 5 cm2 and S2 = 10 cm2 then the total reluctance of the circuit will be (A) 41/100m0 (B) 9/20m0 MCQ 5.nodia. What must be the core cross section of the magnetic circuit so that the coil may have a 0. The core of the circuit has a relative permeability of 600 and length of the core is 0.co.39 (C) 11.56 cm2 Statement for Linked Question 40 .41 : A System of three coils on an ideal core is shown in figure GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww at e (C) 27.2 mH inductance ? (A) 6. Magnetic core has the permeability m = 500m0 .22 kH (B) 1. of turn of the coil is 100 then the equivalent self inductance of the coil is (A) 22.4 cm2 (B) 0.288 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.9 mH he (C) 20m0 /9 lp. co (D) 39/100m0 (D) 4.64 cm2 (D) 1. MCQ 5.5 kH m .6 m.94 cm2 w.2.in Statement for Linked Question 37 .38 : Consider the magnetic circuit shown in figure The cross sectional area of the section on which coil is wound is S1 where as all the rest of the section has the cross sectional area S2 .41 mH MCQ 5.2.

6 mH (C) 70.3 MJ/m3 (C) 2.2.125 mH (B) 62.7 mH (D) 2.2.co.44 The magnetization curve for an iron alloy is approximately given by B = 1 H + H 2 mWb/m2 3 If H increases from 0 to 210 A/m.2 MJ/m3 (B) 1.6 mH (B) 23.8 mH (C) 31.2.41 If N2 = 250 then the self inductance of the coil N2 will be (A) 2.43 ww w.27 mH (B) 52.36 mH (D) 78.36 mH (D) 39. MCQ 5. What will be the mutual inductance between N1 and N2 ? (A) 39.nodia.27 mH MCQ 5.36 mH (C) 26.9 kJ/m3 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.in The cross sectional area of all the segments of the core is S = 450 cm2 .41 mH (D) 6.40 If N1 = 500 then what will be the self inductance of the coil having N1 turns ? (A) 0.42 A system of three coils on an ideal core that has two air gaps is shown in the figure.54 mH The mutual inductance between N2 and N 3 will be (A) 0 (B) 78.18 mH MCQ 5.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 289 For View Only Shop Online at www. ga te All the segments of core has the uniform cross sectional area 2500 mm2 .2.28 mH MCQ 5. the energy stored per unit volume in the alloy is (A) 6.2. co m MCQ 5.54 mH (C) 52.3 kJ/m3 (D) 2. .

the intensity of magnetization is (A) 8.2 IES EC 2012 A bar magnet made of steel has a magnetic moment of 2.290 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only EXERCISE 5.9 # 103 kg/m3 . b.3.0az N MCQ 5. g at e 1. mr1 = 1 in Region-1 (x < 0) and er 2 = 2.3.nodia.m2 and a mass of 6.3 # 10-7 A/m w.3 Shop Online at www. (B) H2 = 3ax + 30ay .3 # 10-7 A/m MCQ 5. 2.10az A/m (C) H2 = 1.5ax + 30ay .3.1 GATE 2011 (A) H2 = 1.2 # 106 A/m co A current sheet J = 5ay A/m lies on the dielectric interface x = 0 between two dielectric media with er1 = 5.10az A/m (D) H2 = 3ax + 30ay + 10az A/m (B) 3 # 106 A/m (D) 8. (C) 6. If the density of steel is 7.3 IES EC 2011 (C) . d.in MCQ 5.3. 4. mr 2 = 2 in Region-2 (x 2 0).0az mN (D) 2.5ax + 40ay A/m MCQ 5. the force on the current element is (A) . If the magnetic field in Region-1 at x = 0. MMF Magnetic flux Reluctance Permeability List II Conductivity Electric current EMF Resistance GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp. c.5 A. 3.2.6 # 10-3 kg .0az mN (B) 2.2.4 IES EC 2011 ww If the current element represented by 2 # 10-4 ay Amp-m is placed in a magnetic field of H = 5ax /m A/m.0az N Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : List I a.co.is H1 = 3ax + 30ay A/m the magnetic field in Region-2 at x = 0+ is m .

Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 291 For View Only Codes : a (A) 3 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) 1 MCQ 5. . Magnetic current is composed of which of the following ? (A) Only conduction component co Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (A) 1 only (B) 2 only (D) Neither 1 nor 2 m Consider the following statements associated with boundary conditions between two media: 1.3. 2.nodia. 4. b.3.8 IES EC 2006 ww w. (C) Both 1 and 2 MCQ 5. Normal component of D may or may not be continuous. List-II 1. Normal component of B is continuous at the surface of discontinuity.3.3. Power flow Codes : a b (A) 1 2 (B) 4 3 (C) 1 3 (D) 4 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (C) Both conduction and displacement components lp. ga te c 4 1 4 1 d 3 2 2 3 MCQ 5.5 IES EC 2008 Shop Online at www.co. 3.6 IES EC 2007 (B) Only displacement component (D) Neither conduction component nor displacement component IES EC 2006 (C) T = M # B MCQ 5.7 Which one of the following is the correct expression for torque on a loop in magnetic field B ? (Here M is the loop moment) (A) T = 4: B (B) T = M : B (D) T = B # M Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : List-I a.in b 4 2 2 4 c 2 4 4 2 d 1 3 1 3 2. c. Maxwell Poynting vector Biot-Savart’s law Gauss’s law Line charge Magnetic flux density Displacement current d.

nodia.3. A boundary separates two magnetic materials of permeability m1 and m2 . The magnetic field vector in m1 is H1 with a normal component Hn1 and tangential component Ht1 while that in m2 is H2 with a normal component Hn2 and a tangential component Ht 2 .3.13 IES EE 2012 Statement I : Polarization is due to the application of an electric field to dielectric materials. Ht 1 = Ht 2 and m1 Hn 1 = m2 Hn 2 IES EE 2012 MCQ 5.292 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in 1 MCQ 5. Then the derived conditions would be (A) H1 = H2 and Ht 1 = Ht 2 co m .3.co. The force experienced by one due to the other is (A) Parallel to the lines (B) Perpendicular to the lines and attractive (C) Perpendicular to the lines and repulsive (D) Zero MCQ 5.11 IES EC 2001 (B) Ht 1 = Ht 2 and m1 Hn1 = m2 Hn 2 (C) H1 = H2 and m1 Hn1 = m2 Hn2 (D) H1 = H2. g at e MCQ 5.3.9 What does the expression 2 J : A represent ? IES EE 2009 (A) Electric energy density (B) Magnetic energy density IES EC 2006 (C) Power density (D) Radiation resistance MCQ 5.12 The dependence of B (flux density) on H (magnetic field intensity) for different types of material is he lp.10 IES EC 2003 Two thin parallel wires are carrying current along the same direction.3.

25ax T .16 IES EE 2010 A conductor 2 metre long lies along the z -axis with a current of 10 A in az direction.0 az N MCQ 5. (A) Both Statement (I) and Statement (II) are individually true and Statement (II) is the correct explanation of Statement (I) (B) Both Statement (I) and Statement (II) are individually true but Statement (II) is not the correct explanation of Statement (I) (C) Statement (I) is true but Statement (II) is false (D) Statement (I) is false but Statement (II) is true IES EE 2011 (C) d # A = B MCQ 5. the force on the conductor is (A) 4.3.14 The following equation is not valid for magneto-static field in inhomogenous magnetic materials (A) d : B = 0 (B) d : H = 0 .co. what shape will the wire tend to assume if a current is passed through it ? (A) Parabolic (B) Straight line (C) Circle (D) Ellipse GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.0ay N (B) 1. the dielectric is said to be polarized or in a state of polarization.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 293 For View Only Shop Online at www. (A) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A) lp. ga te (B) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A) he Assertion (A) : Superconductors cannot be used as coils for production of strong magnetic fields.18 IES EE 2007 If a very flexible wire is laid out in the shape of a hairpin with its two ends secured.3.0az N (C) 1.3.17 IES EE 2008 The force on a charge moving with velocity v under the influence of electric and magnetic fields is given by which one of the following ? (A) q ^E + B # v h (B) q ^E + v # H h (C) q ^H + v # E h (D) q ^E + v # B h MCQ 5.0 ay N (D) 3. co (D) d # H = J m MCQ 5. Reason (R) : Superconductivity in a wire may be destroyed if the current in the wire exceeds a critical value.15 IES EE 2011 (C) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false (D) Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true MCQ 5.3.in Statement II : When the dipoles are created.3.nodia. If the magnetic field is B = 0.

4ay + 0.in MCQ 5. The region 1.20ay N/m m . the acceleration is maximum (C) If the particle is at rest. then H2 is (A) 1/m0 60.20ax .2ax + 0. Which one of the following statements is not correct ? (A) Acceleration is normal to the plane containing the particle path and B (B) If the direction of the particle path is normal to B . velocity of the particle and flux density of uniform magnetic field. z > 0 has mr2 = 1. for which relative permeability mr1 = 2 is defined by z < 0 .4ay + 0.3.2ax + 0.3.15ay N/m lp. there will be no acceleration MCQ 5.4az@ A/m w.3.2ay + 1.20ax + 15ay N/m (A) 15ax + 20ay N/m MCQ 5. and region 2. then # A : J dv has the units of (A) flux-linkage (B) power (C) energy (D) inductance *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Interface of two regions of two magnetic materials is current-free.3.23 IES EE 2003 (C) 1/m0 61.19 Consider the following : IES EE 2007 Lorentz force F = e ^v # B h where e.24 IES EE 2002 If A and J are the vector potential and current density vectors associated with a coil.4ax + 2. the field will deflect the particle (D) If the particle path is in the same direction of B . co What is the force on a unit charge moving with velocity v in presence of electric field E and magnetic field B ? (A) E .3.v : B (B) E + v : B (D) E + v # B (D) .4az@ A/m (B) 1/m0 61.H2) = K where an21 is a unit vector normal to the interface and directed from region 2 to region 1. If B1 = 1. at e Which one of the following formulae is not correct for the boundary between two magnetic materials ? (A) Bn1 = Bn2 he (C) 20ax .21 IES EE 2004 What is the force experienced per unit length by a conductor carrying 5 A current in positive z -direction and placed in a magnetic field B = ^3ax + 4ay h ? (B) .22 IES EE 2003 (B) B2 = Bn2 + Bt2 (C) H1 = Hn1 + Ht1 MCQ 5.co.4ax T . g (D) an21 # (H1 .nodia. v and B are respectively the charge of the particle.4ay + 0.6ax + 0.3.294 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.8az@ A/m MCQ 5.20 IES EE 2006 (C) E + B # v MCQ 5.6ax + 0.8ay + 0.8az@ A/m (D) 1/m0 60.

1.e. co m .nodia.3 SOL 5. lp. The electric force is applied in a uniform direction (in direction of electric field) i.2 SOL 5. ga te Option (B) is correct. the force on the moving charged particle will be in upward direction.e.1 SOL 5. So.e. a magnetic point charge doesn’t exit. the total force on the charge is given by F = Q 6E + (v # B)@ where E " electric field v " velocity of the charge B " magnetic flux density Since the electron beam follows its path without any deflection so the net force applied by the field will be zero GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.e.co.1. i. he Option (D) is correct.1. it is a deflecting force. Since a magnet bar must have south and north pole i. For a moving charge Q in the presence of both electric and magnetic fields. Force applied on a moving charge in the presence of electric and magnetic field is defined as F = Fe + Fm = q (E + v # B) where Fe and Fm are the electric and magnetic forces applied on the charge so it is clear that the moving charge experiences both the electric and magnetic forces. both the options are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A. a single pole charge can’t exist. it is an accelerating force while.1. Option (A) is correct. the magnetic force is applied in the normal direction of both the magnetic field and velocity of the charged particle i.in SOL 5.1 Shop Online at www.4 Option (A) is correct.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 295 For View Only SOLUTIONS 5. Therefore. and as the particle is also deflected in upward direction with the applied force so it gives the conclusion that the particle will be positively charged. Force applied by a magnetic field B on a moving charge with velocity v is defined as F = v#B Since the direction of velocity v and B are perpendicular to each other as obtainde from the shown figure so the resultant force will be perpendicular to both of them.

8 Option (C) is correct.0. The magnitude of the force experienced by either of the loops will be same but the direction will be opposite.6 # 10-19 6(100 + 1100) ax + (1400 . where a (0) is acceleration of electron at t = 0 ) 1.3kay = 0 k = 15 = 5 m/s 3 So.14ax + 16ay mN Option (A) is correct.500az therefore the applied force on the electron is F (0) = (1. co SOL 5. at time t = 0 total force applied on the electron is F (0) = e 6E + ^V (0) # B h@ Now we have V (0) # B = (200ax .nodia. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.co.3ax@ =.3ax + 2ay . g at e he lp.5 # 1013 (7ax + 2ay .6 # 10-19) 6(0. Shop Online at www.6 Option (B) is correct. So the force experienced by C1 due to C2 will be . the total force on the charge is given by F = Q 6E + (v # B)@ where E " electric field v " velocity of the charged particle B " magnetic flux density So.6 # 10-19 200 (6a + 6a .500az@ me a (0) = 1.F .300ay .az ) = 1100ax + 1400ay .1.1 # 10-31 = 6.1.296 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only i.1.a ) a (0) = # x y z 9.5 Option (C) is correct.1.in . For a moving charge Q in the presence of both electric and magnetic fields. F = 3 # 10-3 62az # (ax + 3ay)@ = 6 # 10-3 6ay . Force F applied on a current element in the presence of magnetic flux density B is defined as F = I ^L # B h where I " current flowing in the element L " vector length of current element in the direction of current flowing So.az ) m/s2 m Q 6E + ^v # B h@ = 0 15ay + v # 3az = 0 As the electric field is directed along az and magnetic field is directed along ay so the velocity of beam will be in ax direction (perpendicular to both of the field).200) ay + (300 .500) az@ (F (0) = me a (0).1ax .7 SOL 5. SOL 5. SOL 5. Consider the velocity of the beam is V = kax So we have 15ay + kax # 3az = 0 15ay .400az ) # (. the velocity of the beam will be 5 m/s along the x -axis.3az ) # 103 + 1100ax + 1400ay .2ay + 0.e.

e. So in the region 0 < z < 1 magnetic field intensity due to K2 and K 3 will be cancelled as the unit normal vector to the two sheets will be opposite to each other.4az A/m he lp.e. V1 . z = 0. H1t = H2t Since scalar magnetic potential difference is defined as the line integral of magnetic field intensity i. So.e. i. (i) normal component of magnetic flux density is continuous. Consider the magnetic field intensity in 1st medium is H1 and magnetic field intensity in 2 nd medium is H2 .V2 = 0 V1 = V2 i. SOL 5. i. co # m .V2 = H : dl = I and since there is no current density at boundary. we check the statement (C). we have V1 . ga te Option (C) is correct. The magnetic field intensity produced at any point in the free space will be the vector sum of the field intensity produced by all the current sheets. (A) and (B) are wrong statement.10 Option (D) is correct. the magnetic field intensity produced at any point P due to an infinite sheet carrying uniform current density K is defined as H = 1 (K # a n) 2 where an is the unit vector normal to the sheet directed toward the point P . it’s tangential component will be equal (tangential component) i.2 m which is in the region 0 < z < 1 m . Therefore in this region magnetic field intensity will be produced only due to the current density K1 = 4ax which is given as (an = az ) H = 1 K1 # an = 1 (4ax ) # (az ) 2 2 =.2m0 ay Now the force experienced by a current element Idl in the presence of magnetic flux density B is defined as dF = Idl # B where I is the current flowing in the element and dl is the differential vector length GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. So.co. As the conducting filament is located along the line y = 0 . the net magnetic field intensity produced on the conducting filament by the current sheets is (as determined in previous question) H =. B = m0 H =.e. Since. so.9 SOL 5.nodia.in The boundary condition for the current interface holds the following results. magnetic scalar potential will be same in both medium.e. H1t = H2t So.1.2ay A/m or.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 297 For View Only Shop Online at www.1. B1n = B2n (ii) Tangential component of magnetic field intensity is continuous. Now.

in of the current element in the direction of flow of current. So force per unit length experienced by the conducting filament is dF = 7a ( I = 7 A .3) 2 Therefore the magnetic dipole moment of the coil is (2ax + 6ay . S = 1 m2 ) m = (5) (1) 7 5 (2ax + 6ay . and since from the given data we have I = 10 A S = pr2 = p # (1) 2 = p (normal vector to the surface z = 0 ) an = a z So the magnetic moment of the circular current loop lying in the plane z = 0 is m = 10paz Now the torque on an element having magnetic moment m in the presence of magnetic flux density B is defined as T = m#B Therefore.3z = 4 so the unit vector normal to the plane of the coil is given as.m he lp. Since the coil is lying in the plane 2x + 6y . ( f = 2x + 6y .14m0 az N/m SOL 5.nodia.4ay .3z ) = an 4f 22 + 62 + (. Magnetic dipole moment of a coil of area S carrying current I is defined as m = ISan where an is the unit vector normal to the surface of the loop.3az ) T =. E # (6ax + 4ay + 5az ) 7 = 3ax .2m0 ay ) dl =.5ay .3az ) ( I = 5 A.3az ) = 7 As the torque a magnetic field B on the loop having magnetic moment m is defined as T = m#B So the torque on the given coil is 5 (2ax + 6ay . Magnetic dipole moment of a coil carrying current I and having area S is given by m = ISan where an is normal vector to the surface of the loop.11 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2az ) T = (10paz ) # (4ax .2az ) = 10p (4ay + 4ax ) = 30p (ax + ay) at e Option (B) is correct. 2ax + 6ay .co.3az 4f So. dl = dlax ) x # (. co m .4ay .1.1. the torque acting on the circular loop is (B = 4ax . g SOL 5.298 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.12 Option (B) is correct.8az N.

Which is even so it is a diamagnetic material rest of the material having odd no.B = 2B m0 3m0 3m0 SOL 5. ga te he lp.in Option (C) is correct. As the magnetic flux density and magnetic field intensity inside a magnetic material are related as B = mr m0 H So.1.15 SOL 5. it is a paramagnetic material. So we get M = B . So. Option (B) is correct. A diamagnetic material carries even no. A and R both true and A is correct explanation of R.1 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia SOL 5.1.1.1 = 1. which is odd.17 ww w.nodia.18 Option (D) is correct. of electrons and since atomic no.3 and since the magnetic field intensity in terms of magnetic flux density is given as (B = 5az mwb/m2 ) H =B = B m0 mr m 5 # 10-3 ( mr = 2.3 ) cm = mr .14 Shop Online at www.1. mr = 2. A paramagnetic material have an odd no. m = 3m0 and magnetic flux density = B So the field intensity inside the material will be H =B= B m 3m0 Since the magnetization of a magnetic material is defined as M = B -H m0 where B and H are the flux density and field intensity inside the material.3 ) az = 1730az A/m = 4p # 10-7 # 2. Given the permeability. of electrons inside it’s atom.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 299 For View Only SOL 5. So. Option (A) is correct.co. co m . Number of electron in carbon atom is six.1. of electrons. In a magnetic medium the magnetization in terms of magnetic field intensity is defined as M = cm H where cm is magnetic susceptibility given as (relative permeability. comparing it with given expression for magnetic flux density we get the relative permeability as mr = k = k .3 So the magnetization inside the medium is M = cm H = 2249 A/m SOL 5.1.16 Option (D) is correct. SOL 5.13 Option (B) is correct. of Al is 13.

1 # 10-3) (1 + cm) = 70 (4p # 10-7) -5 cm = c 3 # 10 -7 .1D af M = B -H =. For the spherical cavity of magnetization M .Bcavity = B 0 .21 Option (B) is correct.in Therefore.2 m0 M D m0 m0 3 (B 0 = m0 ^H 0 + M h) = 1 :m0 H 0 + m0 M .300 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www. SOL 5. we have 2. the magnetization vector inside the material is given as M = (mr .1 # 10-3 = (4p # 10-7) (1 + cm) (70) (2.1m 4p # 10 = (23. we have 32 10-7 r2 . H = 70 A/m Total magnetic flux in the bar. Magnetic flux density in a medium in terms of magnetic filed intensity is defined as B = mH = mr m0 H ( mr = 4/p . g at e he lp. So not magnetic flux density at the center of cavity is Bnet = B 0 . S = 2 m2 So we have the magnetic flux density in the bar -3 B = F = 4.20 Option (A) is correct.1 mwb/m2 Since the magnetic field intensity and magnetic flux density are related as B = m0 (1 + cm) H So.1) = 22.2r2E af = 2r2 : 4 .1. # m0 p 4p # 10-7 At r = 2 M = 4.2 m0 M D = :H 0 + M D m0 3 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.97 co Option (D) is correct.14af A/m m .nodia.2 m0 M 3 and so the net magnetic field intensity at the center of cavity is Hnet = 1 Bnet = 1 :B 0 . the flux density is given by Bcavity = 2 m0 M 3 Since the cavity is hollowed.2 mWb Cross sectional area of bar. H = 2r2 af A/m ) = ^4/ph (4p # 10-7) (2r2 af) = 16 # 10-7 r2 af Again the magnetic flux density inside a magnetizing material is defined as B = m0 ^H + M h where M is the magnetization of the material.co.1.1.1) H = ^k .1h H SOL 5.2 # 10 2 S = 2. Given Magnetic field intensity. F = 4.87 .19 SOL 5. So.

nodia. J = d#M and the surface current density in terms of magnetization is defined as K = M # an where an is unit vector normal to the surface.24 Option (C) is correct.e. cm = 2 ) = 4z ax H = 3m0 (1 + cm) m0 Now the magnetization of a magnetic medium having magnetic field intensity H is given as M = cm H . ga te SOL 5.co.1. he M = 2 b 4z l ax = 8z ax 3m0 3m0 The bound current density inside a medium having magnetization M is given as Jb = d # M = 4#b 8z ax l = 12 ay A/m2 3m0 3m0 Option (A) is correct.in SOL 5.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 301 SOL 5. In a magnetic medium the magnetic field intensity and magnetic flux density are related as B = m0 (1 + cm) H So the magnetic flux density inside the medium is B (B = 4zax T . co m For View Only Shop Online at www. Total current density inside a medium having magnetic flux density B is given as ( 2 4z) (B = 4zax T ) a JT = d # B = 1 .1. m0 m0 2 E y z = 3 ay A/m2 4m0 lp. an = a r and M = Maz Therefore the volume current density inside the cylinder is (M is not the function of z ) J = 4# (Maz ) = 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1.22 Option (B) is correct. Consider the cylinder is placed along z -axis So.23 Volume current density inside a material is equal to the curl of magnetization M i.

J = d#M So the volume current density inside the cylinder is (M = 0.in and the surface current density of the cylinder is K = Maz # a r = Maf So the current flowing in cylinder is just similar to a solenoid and the field intensity produced due to a solenoid at any point outside it is zero.25 Option (C) is correct.7az A/m .7az ) # a r = 0. Thus. the magnetic flux density inside the cylinder is (direction is determined by right hand rule) ( K = 0. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. K = M # an So the surface current density of the cylinder is (M = 0.8 # 10-7 az SOL 5. of turns per unit length of the solenoid and I is the current flowing in the solenoid.7az )= 0 and since the surface current density in terms of magnetization is defined as where an is unit vector normal to the surface.7m0 az = 2. Thus we have the magnetic field intensity outside the cylinder as H outside = 0 SOL 5.e. Volume current density inside a material is equal to the curl of magnetization M i.26 Option (D) is correct.co.302 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www. co m . From Snells law we have the relation between the incidence and refracted angle of magnetic flux lines as tan a1 = mr1 tan a2 mr2 where mr1 and mr2 are relative permeability of the two medium.7 ) B = 0. g at e he lp.7az A/m ) J = d # (0.nodia.7af Therefore the current flowing in cylinder is just similar to a solenoid and the field intensity produced due to a solenoid at any point inside it is given as B = m0 K = m0 nI where n is the no. an = a r ) K = (0.1.1.

The magnetic flux density in region z < 0 is given as B = 4ax + 3az Wb/m2 SOL 5. ga te m1 m m H = r1 0 H1n m2 1n mr2 m0 = 7 (16ay) = 18.10az ) 2 -5 = (6.in tan 75c = 600 (relative permeability of air = 1) tan a2 1 tan a2 = tan 75c 600 a2 = tan-1 : tan 75cD = 0.1.1.27 SOL 5.356c 600 SOL 5.10az = H1t + H1n where H1t and H1n are respectively the tangential and normal components of the magnetic field intensity to the boundary interface in medium 1.67ay .1.co.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 303 For View Only Shop Online at www.29 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.10az co m .1ay .67ay 6 Therefore. Magnetic flux density in any medium in terms of magnetic field intensity is defined as B = mH where m is the permeability of the medium.28 Option (B) is correct.5az ) # 10 wb/m Option (D) is correct.8ax + 14.67ay . the magnetic flux density in medium 2 is given as B2 = m2 H2 = mr2 m0 H2 ( mr2 = 6 ) = 6 # (4p # 10-7) # (9ax + 18. From boundary condition we have H1t = H2t and m2 H2n = m1 H1n where H2t and H2n are respectively the tangential and normal component of magnetic field intensity in medium 2. the net magnetic field intensity in medium 2 is H2 = H2t + H2n = 12ax + 13.7. So.nodia.15az A/m he and H2n = lp. Option (C) is correct. Magnetic field intensity in 1st medium is given H1 = 9ax + 16ay . So we get the components in medium 2 as H2t = 9ax .

e. K = 4ay A/m ) B2t = 4ax + m0 ^4ay h = 4ax + 4m0 ay Therefore the net flux density in region 2 ^z > 0h is B2 = B2t + B2n = 4m0 ax + 2ay + 5az at e he lp. As the surface boundary of the slab is parallel to yz -plane so the given magnetic flux density will be tangential to the surface. Bto = B 0 and Hto = Bto = B 0 m0 m0 Since the tangential component of magnetic field intensity is uniform at the boundary of the magnetic material So.1.co.30 Option (D) is correct.nodia. we get B2n = B1n = 3az and (B1t = 4ax .in SOL 5. (B1n = 3az ) So.B1t = m0 K where B2t and B2n are respectively the tangential and normal components of the magnetic flux density in region 2 and K is the current density at the boundary interface. magnetic field intensity inside the material is Hin = Hto = B 0 m0 Therefore. i. the flux density inside the material is Bin = mHin = mr m0 B 0 = mr B 0 m0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.304 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www. we have B1 = 4ax + 3az Therefore the tangential component B1t and normal component B1n of the magnetic flux density in region 1 are B1t = 4ax and B1n = 3az From the boundary condition the tangential and normal components of magnetic flux density in two mediums are related as B1n = B2n B2t . g Now we consider the flux density in region 1 is B1 . So. co m .

Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 305 For View Only Shop Online at www. ga te Option (D) is correct.1. Option (C) is correct.35 Option (A) is correct.49h # 2 = 5 J/m2 So we have. we get.e. Internal inductance of a loop of radius r is defined as -7 -2 m Lin = 0 (2pr) = 4p # 10 # 2px # 50 # 10 8p 8p = 157.49 J/m now the separation between the plates is given as d = 2 m Thus magnetic energy stored per unit area of the plate is Wm /A = wm # d = ^2. combining the two eq. SOL 5. The magnetic stored energy per unit volume of the plate for a given uniform flux density (uniform permeability) is defined as wm = 1 H : B 2 Given B = ^3ax + 4ay h # 10-3 Wb/m2 3a + 4ay -3 H = B =c x m # 10 A/m m 4m0 -6 and therefore wm = 1 H : B = 1 : 9 + 16 D # 10-6 = 25 # 10 -7 2 4m0 2 8 # 4p # 10 3 = 2.1.co. q4 will be independent of m2 only.1. H1t = H2t H1 cos q1 = H2 cos q2 he lp. From the analogy between electrical and magnetic circuits.e. Relation between q1 and q2 at boundary of region (1) and region (2) as m1 tan q1 = m2 tan q2 and at the interface between region (2) and region (3) is since q2 = q3 m2 tan q3 = m3 tan q4 .in SOL 5.1 nH SOL 5.34 ww w. B1n = B2n B1 sin q1 = B2 sin q2 and the tangential component of field intensity is uniform i. So.nodia. From boundary condition the normal component of flux density is uniform at boundary i. m1 tan q1 = m3 tan q4 Thus.32 SOL 5.1. we have the following relations. co m (r = 50 cm ) SOL 5.31 Option (C) is correct.33 Option (B) is correct.1. F (magnetomotive force) " V (voltage) f (magnetic flux) " I (current) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .

current required to produce the given magnetic field is ^0.4 T no.36 SOL 5.in R (Reluctance) " R (Resistance) now. In the shown magnetic material there are 9 sections so we draw the reluctance for each of them and we get the magnetomotive force as (N = 1000 ) F = 1000I So the equivalent circuit is lp. Given that.4h^15 # 10-2h i = Bl = mN ^150m0h^200h = 2. F = NI 0 and so. of turns of coil.1. the electrical analog of the magnetic circuit is SOL 5.306 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.1. N = 200 length of magnetic core.37 Option (B) is correct. magnetomotive force.nodia. the magnetic flux density. co m . g at e *********** he Option (A) is correct. l = 15 cm = 15 # 10-2 permeability of the core.6 A ww GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w. B = 0. mr = 150 So. For drawing the electrical analog replace the coil by a source (magnetomotive force) and each section of the core by a reluctance.co.

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SOLUTIONS 5.2

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SOL 5.2.1

SOL 5.2.2

Option (A) is correct. For a moving charge Q in the presence of both electric and magnetic fields, the total force on the charge is given by F = Q 6E + (v # B)@ where E " electric field v " velocity of the charged particle

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

Option (A) is correct. Consider the particle carries a total charge Q . Since for a moving charge Q in the presence of both electric and magnetic fields, the total force on the charge is given by F = Q 6E + (v # B)@ where E " electric field v " velocity of the charged particle B " magnetic flux density So initially the magnetic force on the particle will be zero as the particle is released at rest (v = 0 ). Therefore the electric field will accelerate the particle in y -direction and as it picks up speed (consider the velocity is v = kay , k is very small) a magnetic force develops which will be given by F = v#B since the magnetic field is in az direction while the beam has the velocity in ay direction so the magnetic force will be in ax (ay # az ) direction. Therefore the magnetic force will pull the charged particle around to the right and as the magnetic force will be always perpendicular to both the velocity of particle and electric field. So the particle will initially goes up in the y -direction and then following a curve path lowers down towards the x -axis.

he

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dv m ; y ay + dvz azE = Q 6- 3vy az + 3vz ay@ dt dt dvy 3Q So, we get = v m z dt dvz =- 3Q v and m y dt From the two relations we have d 2 v z + 3Q 2 v = 0 bm l z dt2 3Q 3Q vz = A1 cos b t + B1 sin b t m l m l where A1 and B1 are constants. and since at t = 0 , vz = 0 (since charge was injected with a velocity in ay direction) Putting the condition in the expression we get A1 = 0 3Q and so we have t = B1 sin t Q = 2 C , m = 6 kg vz = B1 sin b m l dvz =- 3Q v Again, m y dt 3q so vy =-b m ldvz =- B1 cos b t l =- B1 cos t m 3Q dt and since at t = 0 , vy = 2 m/s Putting the condition in the expression we get, 2 =- B1 cos 0 B1 =- 2 So, we have, vz =- 2 sin t " dz =- 2 sin t dt dy vy = 2 cos t " = 2 cos t dt Solving the equations we get, z = 2 cos t + C2 and y = 2 sin t + C 3 and since at t = 0 , y = z = 0 (charge is located at origin at the time of injection) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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B " magnetic flux density Since initially the velocity of the charge (at the time of injection) is v 0 = 2ay m/s and for the region y > 0 magnetic flux density is B = 3ax wb/m2 . so there will be no any velocity component in + ax direction caused by the field (since the magnetic field is in ax direction). i.e. vx = 0 So we consider the velocity of the point charge in the region y > 0 at a particular time t as v = vy ay + v z a z Therefore we have the force applied by the field on the charge particle at time t as F = Q 6^vy ay + vz az h # ^3ax h@

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For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in Putting the condition in the expression we get C2 =- 2 and C 3 = 0 So we have z = 2 cos t - 2&z + 2 = 2 cos t and y = 2 sin t Therefore the equation of the path that the charged particle will follow is y2 + (z + 2) 2 = 4 This is the equation of a circle centred at (0, 0, - 5).

SOL 5.2.3

Option (A) is correct.

where I2 is the current flowing in the square loop as shown in the figure. So, we get 4 5m a ( I2 = 3 A, dl = dxax ) FQR = (3dxax ) # b 0 z l 6p x=1 -7 5m = 0 [4 - 1] (- ay) = - 5 # 4p # 10 # 3 ay 2p 2p -6 =- 3 # 10 ay N GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

FQR =

The magnetic flux density produced at a distance r from an infinitely long straight wire carrying current I is defined as mI B = 0 2pr So the magnetic flux density produced by the straight wire at side QR of the loop is (direction of magnetic flux density is determined by right hand rule) mI ( r = 3) BQR = 0 1 az 2p (3) 5m ( I1 = 5 A ) = 0 az 6p Force experienced by a current element Idl in the presence of magnetic flux density B is defined as dF = Idl # B where I is the current flowing in the element and dl is the differential vector length of the current element in the direction of flow of current. So the force exerted by wire on the side QR of the square loop is

# I dl # B

Q 2

R

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FSP =

# I dl # B

S 2

P

SP

SOL 5.2.5

Option (A) is correct.

Net magnetic flux density arising from the two current filaments - 5ax and 5ax A GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

w. g

where BSP is the magnetic flux density produced by the wire on the side SP . So, we get mI ( r = 1) BSP = 0 1 az 2p (1) 5m ( I1 = 5 A ) = 0 az 2p 4 5m ( I2 = 3 A, dl =- dxax ) 3 (- dxax ) # 0 az FSP = 2p 1 = 9 # 10-6 ay N Thus, from equation (1), the total force exerted by the straight wire on the conducting loop is Ftotal =- 3 # 10-6 ay + 9 # 10-6 ay = 12 # 10-6 ay N

#

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For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in SOL 5.2.4 Option (C) is correct. Total force on the loop will be the vector sum of the forces applied by the straight wire on all the sides of the loop. The forces on sides PQ and RS will be equal and opposite due to symmetry and so we have FPQ + FRS = 0 Therefore the total force exerted on the conducting loop by the straight wire is (1) Ftotal = FQR + FSP where FQR and FSP are the forces exerted by the straight wire on the sides QR and SP of the conducting loop respectively. As calculated in previous question we have FQR =- 3 # 10-6 ay N Similarly we get the force exerted by the wire on the side SP of the loop as

m

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ka y - a z 5m0 a oH 2 > x #e 2p ( 1 + k ) 1 + k2 5m0 (kaz + ay) = 2p (1 + k 2) Similarly the magnetic flux density produced by the current filament (- 5ax ) is m0 # (5) ka + a z B2 = (- ax ) # e y oH 2 > 2p ( 1 + k ) 1 + k2 5m0 (- kaz + ay) = 2p (1 + k 2) Therefore from equation (1), we get the net magnetic flux density experienced by the third filamentary current of 10 az A as 5m0 B = 6kaz + ay - kaz + ay@ 2p (1 + k 2) 5m0 5m0 ay = 2 (2ay ) = 2p (1 + k ) p (1 + k 2) As the force experienced by a current element Idl in the presence of magnetic flux density B is defined as dF = Idl # B where I is the current flowing in the element and dl is the differential vector length of the current element in the direction of flow of current. Force per unit meter length experienced by the third filament is 1 5m0 (dl = dxax ) (10ax dx) # ay F = p (1 + k 2) x=0 -7 = 10 # 5 # 4p # 10 az 2 p (1 + k ) = 20az 2 mN (1 + k ) or, F = 12 2 mN (1 + k ) Thus, the graph between F and k will be as shown in the figure below : B1 = GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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#

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For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in at the location of third filament is given by (1) B = B1 + B 2 where B1 and B2 are the magnetic flux density produced by the current filaments 5ax and - 5ax respectively. Since the magnetic flux density produced at a distance r from a straight wire carrying current I is defined as mI B = 0 af 2pr and the direction of the magnetic flux density is given as af = al # a r where al is unit vector along the line current and a r is the unit vector normal to the line current directed toward the point P . So, the magnetic flux density produced by the current filament 5ax is

312

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SOL 5.2.6

Since the magnetic flux density produced at a distance r from a straight wire carrying current I is defined as mI B = 0 2pr So the magnetic flux density produced by each differential strip is m (Kdz) (I = Kdz ) ay dB = 0 2pz (using right hand rule we get the direction of the magnetic flux density along ay ) Therefore the net magnetic flux density produced by the strip on the current filament is 1.5 3m a 3m 0 y ( K = 3 A/m ) dz = 0 ln b 1.5 l ay B = 2pz 2p 0.5 z = 0.5 = 6.6 # 10-7 ay wb/m2 As the force experienced by a current element Idl in the presence of magnetic flux density B is defined as dF = Idl # B where I is the current flowing in the element and dl is the differential vector length

ww

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

w. g

#

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Option (B) is correct. Consider the strip is formed of many adjacent strips of width dz each carrying current Kdz .

m

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For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in of the current element in the direction of flow of current. So the force exerted on the filament per unit length is F =

# Idl # B = #

1

x=0

(10dx ax ) # (6.6 # 10-7 ay)

= 2.4az mN/m

SOL 5.2.7

Option (C) is correct. Consider the strip as made up of many adjacent strips of width dy , each carrying current Kdy

Since the magnetic flux density produced at a distance r from a straight wire carrying current I is defined as mI B = 0 2pr So the magnetic flux density produced at distance y from the current filament located along z -axis as shown in the figure will be mI B = 0 (- ax ) (Direction is determined using right hand rule) 2p y 10m0 =a 2py x As the force experienced by a current element Idl in the presence of magnetic flux density B is defined as dF = Idl # B and since the length of strip is l = 2 m so, the force exerted on the width dy of strip is given by dF = l (Kdy) # B Therefore the net force exerted on the strip is 3 10m0 (l = 2 m, K = 6az ) F = (2) (6az ) # ca dy 2p y x m y=1 60m0 a ln y 3 =p y 6 @1 =- 13.4ay mN GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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Chap 5

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in SOL 5.2.8 Option (A) is correct. Consider a rectangular Amperian loop of dimension (l) # (2y) inside the slab as shown in the figure below.

As from the Amperes circuital law, we have

SOL 5.2.9

Option (A) is correct. Force on any dipole having moment m due to a magnetic flux density B is defined as F = d (m : B) Since the magnetic moment of the dipole is given as

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

w. g

= Ienc So for the Amperian loop inside the slab we get for - a # y # a H (2l) = (2y # l) (J 0) (Net magnetic field intensity along the edge 2y will be cancelled due to symmetry) Therefore the magnetic field intensity (magnetizing factor) at any point inside the slab is H = J 0 yaz or (for y # a ) H = J0 y and the magnetic field intensity (magnetizing factor) at any point outside the slab is (for y > a ) H = J0 a Thus, the plot of H versus y will be as shown below

# H : dl

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For View Only

SOL 5.2.10

(B) (2pr) = m0 Ienc m B = 0 Ienc 2pr Now the enclosed current in the loop is Ienc =

ww w. ga te

# B : dl

= m0 Ienc

#

S

J : dS =

3

= 10pr So, the magnetic flux density inside the cylinder is m ( I = 10pr3 ) B = 0 Ienc = 5m0 r2 2pr Thus the plot of magnetic flux density B versus r is as shown below

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

he

# #

0 r 2p

SOL 5.2.11

Option (B) is correct. As calculated above the volume current density inside the cylinder is J = 15raz So, we can get the flux density by Ampere’s circuital law as

lp.

Option (A) is correct. Volume current density inside a magnetic material is equal to the curl of its magnetization M i.e. J = d#M So volume current density due inside the circular cylinder is J = 1 2 r (5r2) az = 15raz r 2r or J\r

r3 r (15r) (rdrdf) = 2p # 15 ; E 3 0 0

co

m

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in (1) m = m 0 ax and as calculated in previous question the magnetic field intensity produced due to the slab is H = J 0 yaz So we get the magnetic flux density produced due to the slab as (2) B = m0 H = m0 J 0 yaz Therefore from equation (1) and (2) we get m:B = 0 Thus the force acting on the dipole is F =0

316

Magnestostatic Fields in Matter

Chap 5

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in SOL 5.2.12 Option (B) is correct. The surface current density of a material in terms of its magnetization is defined as where an is unit vector normal to the surface. K = M # an So, the surface current density of the cylinder is (M = Maz , an = a r ) K = (Maz ) # (a r) = Maf Therefore the surface current density is directed along af as shown in option (B).

SOL 5.2.13

SOL 5.2.14

Option (B) is correct.

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

w. g

at e

he

lp.

co

Option (A) is correct. Magnetic flux density inside a magnetic material is defined as B = m0 (H + M) So, B and M will be in same direction inside the cylinder. Now as the magnetic field lines are circular so outside the cylinder it will make a loop. Thus, the magnetic field lines will be as shown below

m

Chap 5

Magnestostatic Fields in Matter

317

# B : dl

L

= m0 Ienc

SOL 5.2.15

Option (A) is correct. As calculated above for the complete circular ring, magnetic flux density inside the ring is B = 4m0 af wb/m2 (magnetic flux density will be directed along the assumed direction of magnetization)

GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

and for determining the field inside the circular ring, the current present on the inner surface of ring will be considered only. So we get (B) (2pr) = m0 (K) (2pr) Therefore the magnetic flux density inside the circular ring is ( K = 4 A/m ) B = (m0) (4) = 4m0 wb/m2 Alternate Method : Magnetic flux density inside a magnetic material is defined as B = m0 M and since the magnetization of the rod is M = 4 A/m so, we can have directly the magnetic flux density inside the ring as B = 5m0 Wb/m2

he

lp.

co

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in Let the circular ring being placed such that magnetization M is in af direction and the ring is centered at origin. So, we have M = 4af As the surface current density of a material in terms of its magnetization is defined as where an is unit vector normal to the surface. K = M # an So the surface current density of the ring is (M = 4af , an =- a r ) K = 4af # (- a r) = 4az and since the volume current density inside a material is equal to the curl of magnetization M i.e. J = d#M So the volume current density inside the ring is ( M = 4a f ) J = d # (4af) = 0 Now from Ampere’s circuital law we have

m

318

Magnestostatic Fields in Matter

Chap 5

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in Now we calculate the flux density contributed by the gap at its centre when it was the complete ring. The gap has its cross section in form of a square loop as shown in figure below

As calculated in previous question the surface current density of the ring is K = 4 A/m and since the width of the gap(square loop) is w so, net current in the loop is I = Kw = 4w Now the magnetic flux density at any point P due to a filamentary current I is defined as H = I 6cos a2 - cos a1@ af 4pr where r " distance of point P from the current filament. a1 " angle subtended by the lower end of the filament at P . a2 " angle subtended by the upper end of the filament at P . So the flux density at center of the square loop produced due to one side of the loop is m0 I 2 ( r = 1 cm, a1 = 135c, a2 = 45c) Bsq1 = -2 # c 4p # (10 ) 2m Summing the flux density produced due to all the four sides of loop, we get total magnetic flux density produced by the square loop as 2 m0 (4w) mI 2 2 (I = Kw ) Bsq = 4 # f 0 -2 p = # 10 p 4p (10 ) 2 m0 # (4) (0.1 # 10-3) # 102 (w = 0.1 mm ) = p -2 = 4 2 # 10 m0 af p Therefore at the centre of the gap the net magnetic flux density will reduce by this amount of the flux density. Thus at the centre of the gap the net magnetic flux density at the centre of the loop will be Bnet = B - Bs -2 = 4m0 - 4 2 # 10 m0 p -2 = m0 c 4 - 4 2 # 10 m p -7 = 50.04 # 10 wb/m2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww

w. g

at e

he

lp.

co

m

Chap 5

Magnestostatic Fields in Matter

319

For View Only SOL 5.2.16 Option (D) is correct.

Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in

Let the magnetized sphere be of radius r , centered at origin and the magnetization be M in az direction as shown in figure. Volume current density inside a material is equal to the curl of magnetization M i.e. J = d#M So the volume current density inside the cylinder is J = d # (Maz ) = 0 and since the surface current density in terms of magnetization is defined as where an is unit vector normal to the surface. K = M # an So the surface current density on the sphere is (an = ar ) K = ^Maz h # (ar ) ...(i) = M sin qaf Now, consider a rotating spherical shell of uniform surface charge density s, that corresponds to a surface current density at any point (r, q, f). So we have ...(ii) K = swR sin qaf where w " angular velocity of spherical shell across z -axis R " radius of the sphere. and the magnetic flux density produced inside the rotating spherical shell is defined as ...(iii) B = 2 m0 swR 3 Comparing the eq.(i) and eq.(ii) we get M = swR Putting this value in eq.(iii) we get the magnetic flux density for the magnetized sphere as (M = swR) B = 2 m0 M 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

ww w. ga te

he

lp.

co

m

320

Magnestostatic Fields in Matter

Chap 5

For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.co.in SOL 5.2.17 Option (B) is correct. Since the magnetic flux density inside a magnetic material is defined as B = m0 (H + M) So, we have the magnetic field intensity inside the material as H = 1 B-M m0 and outside the material the magnetic field intensity is H = 1B m0 So the field lines outside the material will be same as for the case of magnetic flux density shown in the MCQ. 1.31. Whereas inside the material the direction of magnetic field intensity will be opposite to the direction of magnetization. Thus the sketch of the field intensity will be same as shown in the option (B).

w. g

#

= Ienc

SOL 5.2.19

Option (A) is correct. Consider the wire is lying along z -axis. So at any point inside the wire (at a distance r < a from it’s axis) magnetic field intensity will be determined as

ww

# H : dl

at e

he

# #

lp.

SOL 5.2.18

Option (B) is correct. The magnetic flux density produced at any point P due to an infinite filamentary current I is defined as mI B = 0 2pr where r is the distance of point P from the infinite current filament. Now consider a small area dS of the coil located at a distance x from the current filament. The magnetic flux density produced on it due to the current filament along y -axis is mI (r = x ) B = 0 2p x Since the flux density will be normal to the surface of the coil as determined by right hand rule therefore, the total magnetic flux passing through the coil is 6 1 m0 I m0 I ym = B : dS = b 2px l^dxdy h = 2p ln 3 y=0 x=2 As the mutual inductance in terms of total magnetic flux ym is defined as Nym M = I where I " current flowing in the element that produces the magnetic flux. N " Total no. of turns of the coil that experiences the magnetic flux. Thus the mutual inductance between the current filament and the loop is mI N = 1500 M = 1500 b 0 ln 3 l = 0.33 mH 2p I

co

pr2 (for Amperian loop of radius r) H (2pr) = I c 2 m pa GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

m

(Ampere’s circuital law)

of turns. B12 = m0 H12 ) = 4m0 ay . SOL 5. exerted on the 2 nd plate due to the 1st plate will be # # (K 0 0 1 2 1 2 K2 " current density of the 2 nd plate B12 " magnetic flux density produced at the 2 nd plate due to 1st plate F12 = # # (. Relative permeability. Therefore the repulsive force between the plates is 4m0 . # # # # (K2 =. Since the two conducting plates of width w = 2 m carry a uniform current of I = 4 A each so. the energy per unit length depends only on I and is uniform for the uniform current. So. ww w. an = ay ) H12 = 1 (2az # ay) =. No. co As the force applied by first plate on the 2nd plate is in ay direction so it is a repulsive force. the surface current density of each plate is K = I = 4 = 2A/m w 2 Now consider the first plate carrying current in + az direction is located at y = 0 and the second plate carrying current in . ga te F12 = Option (B) is correct. Since the magnetic field intensity produced at any point P due to an infinite sheet carrying uniform current density K is defined as H = 1 (K # a n) 2 where an is the unit vector normal to the sheet directed toward the point P .m a ) dydz 0 0 z 0 12 1 2 0 0 z 0 x he 2 # B12) dS lp.in SOL 5.21 Option (D) is correct.ax 2 Now the force per meter.2a ) # (m H ) dydz = # # (. Now the stored energy in the magnetic field H is defined as Wm = 1 m0 H 2 dv v 2 So the stored energy in the internal magnetic filed per unit length (over the unit length in z -direction) will be 2p 1 a m I2 m0 I 2 r2 rdrdfdz = 0 Wm = 2 2 16p z = 0 f = 0 r = 0 2 (2pa ) Therefore. 000 turns/meter mr = 100 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia m Ir af 2p a 2 The direction of the magnetic field intensity is determined using right hand rule.2.az direction is located at y = d . n = 20. where d is a very small separation between the plates.co.2az .nodia.2. H = Shop Online at www.20 where So. the magnetic field intensity produced at the second plate due to the first plate is (K1 = 2az .2a ) # (.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 321 For View Only or.

nodia. g So the distance between the two particles at releasing end is d = 2r2 .04 m Current in the solenoid.2. and r2 as shown in figure.2 b mv l = 2mv Bq Bq Bq at e he lp. So at balanced condition centrifugal force will be equal to magnetic force. S = 0. 000) 2 # (0. its self inductance will be.011 # 103 Therefore the energy stored per unit length in the field is W l = 1 LlI 2 = 1 # 2. Ll = m0 mr n2 S = (4p # 10-7) # (100) # (20. applied force must be outward.011 # 103 # 10-2 = 10.in 2 cross sectional area.co.23 Option (A) is correct.322 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.2r1 = 2 b 2mv l .04) = 2. The wire is oriented in east-west direction and magnetic field is directed northward as shown in the figure.05 J/m m 2 2 SOL 5. co m SOL 5.2. Consider the path followed by the two particles are the curvatures having radii r . Now the force experienced by a current element Idl in a magnetic field B is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. I = 100 # 10-3 A So. Since the direction of gravitational force will be into the paper(toward the earth) so for counteracting the gravitational force. Therefore for the first charged particles mv2 = Bqv & r = mv 1 r1 Bq 2 ^2m h v and = Bqv & r2 = mv r2 Bq .22 Option (A) is correct.

3 kg and L = 1 m ^0.2. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.25 Option (B) is correct.nodia. co m . when the loop is situated in the field B = 1.co. Consider the current flowing in the wire is I . So comparing the two results we get the current flowing in the wire as mg I = LB 0 Since B 0 = 0.8 Therefore ( g = 9. using right hand rule for cross vector we conclude that for producing the outward force current must flow from west to east as shown in the figure below. m = 0. Consider the square loop has side a .3h # 9. Suppose it swings with an angle a.96 Wb/m2 .2. So in the new position the torque must be zero.8 m/s ) I = = 49 kA ^1 h # ^0. ga te Option (A) is correct.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 323 For View Only F = # ^Idl h # B L Shop Online at www.24 SOL 5.6 # 10-4 Wb/m2 .6 # 10-4h he lp. Since SOL 5. Gravitational forces acting on all the sides of loop will be down wards and the force due to magnetic field will be in horizontal direction as shown in the figure.in As the magnetic field B is directed toward north therefore. Now. So the magnetic force applied by the field B 0 on the wire is where L is length of the wire Fm = ILB 0 At balanced condition the magnetic force will be equal to the gravitational force : Fm = mg where m is the mass of the wire and g is acceleration due to gravity.

28 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in So. As the permeability of the medium varies from m1 to m2 linearly.4ax h # ^.az ) 2 So the net magnetic flux density produced in the region between the two sheets is m m B = ^4ax h # az + ^. Now the magnetic flux density produced at point P due to a plane sheet having current density K is defined as m B = K # an 2 where an is the unit vector normal to the sheet and directed toward point P . So the ejected electrons will be flowing in the . an =. So at any distance SOL 5.8h a = tan-1 ^1 h = p/4 SOL 5.4ax h # (.324 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www. At any point in between the two parallel shuts the net magnetic flux density produced by the two sheets is given as B = B1 + B 2 where B1 is the flux density produced by the lower sheet and B2 is the flux density produced by upper sheet.2h^9.ay direction. co m Option (B) is correct.2.4ax .nodia. in balanced condition.4m1 ay =.from the shown figure we have a mg sin a ^a h + 2a mg sin a a a k = IBa 2 ^2 h^1. . As discussed in Que 51 the path of electron will be parallel to the input beam but in opposite direction.2.26 SOL 5. So.az h 2 2 =.4may where m is the permeability of the medium.96h tan a = IB = 2mg ^2 h^0.4m2 ay =.8m0 ay and the flux density in region 2 is ( m2 = 4m0 ) Bregion 2 =. Therefore the flux density in region 1 is ( m1 = 2m0 ) Bregion 1 =.16m0 ay h^2 h =.50m0 ay Wb/m Option (A) is correct. a n = a z ) B1 = ^4ax h # az 2 and the flux density produced by the lower sheet is m (K =.az ) B2 = ^.8m0 ay h^1 h + ^.2.27 Option (D) is correct.16m0 ay So the net flux per unit length in the region between the two sheets is f = ^Bregion 1h (width of region 1) + ^Bregion 2h (width of region 2) l = ^.co. the flux density produced by lower sheet is m ( K = 4a x . g at e he lp.

co..m1 z2 d = Kb 1 d = K .in z from one of the plate near to which permiability is m1 .m1 + z E dz d 0 0 m + m2 m . Given the field intensity inside the slab is H = 4ax + 2ay So the magnetic flux density inside the slab is given as where m is the permeability of the material.nodia.m1h (1) m = m1 + z d The magnetic flux density between the two parallel sheets carrying equal and opposite current densities is defined as B = mK where K is the magnitude of the current density of the sheets.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 325 SOL 5.m1 z + 2 2 l d b 2 lE0 # # # m .az ) 6Km@at z = 0 = M # ^.2. i. the permeability is given as ^m2 . the magnetization surface current density is So. ga te Option (B) is correct.^4ax + 2ay h = 4ax + 2ay Now the magnetization surface current density at the surfaces of a magnetic material is defined as Km = M # an where an is the unit vector normal to the surface directed outward of the material So.29 SOL 5. l 0 d d ^m2 .2ax and at z = d . co For View Only Shop Online at www. Jm = d # M Therefore the magnetization volume current density inside the slab is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.m1h (from equation (1)) = mKdz = K .30 Option (A) is correct. B = mH (m = 2m0 ) = 2m0 ^4ax + 2ay h Therefore the magnetization of the material is M = B -H m0 = 8ax + 4ay .2.e. As calculated in the previous question the magnetization vector of the material is M = 4a x + 2 a y The magnetization volume current density inside a magnetic material is equal to the curl of magnetization. at z = 0 magnetization surface current density is (an =.az h = 4ay . Therefore the flux per unit length between the two sheets is d f = Bdz where d is the separation between the two sheets. (an = az ) 6Km@at z = d = M # ^az h = ^4ax + 2ay h # ^az h =.4ay + 2ax he lp.

in =0 Option (B) is correct. As 7 shows the direction into the paper while 9 shows the direction out of the paper.co. B = 2m0 HH The work done per unit volume in magnetizing a material from 0 to B 0 that has non uniform permeability is defined as 0 4 2 0 lp.2. Given the B -H curve for the material.nodia.H E = 3 0 and the magnetic field intensity at top wire due to the infinite wire carrying current outward is I (r = 2 l ) Hf2 = 2p ^ 2 l h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.32 wm = # H0 0 H : ^4m0 H h = 4m0 .326 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only a x ay a z Jm = SOL 5.31 2 x 2 2 y 2 2 z 2 Shop Online at www. g Option (A) is correct. dB = 4m Ha So. The Magnetic field intensity produced at a distance r from an infinite straight wire carrying current I is defined as H = I 2pr So the magnetic field intensity produced at the top wire due to the infinite wire carrying current inward is I (r = 2 l ) Hf1 = 2p ^ 2 l h at e he co 3 H0 3 3m0 H 0 4 m wm = # H : dB B0 .2. 0 H dH = 4m0 H and SOL 5. we can express B = 2m0 H 2 aH where aH is the unit vector in direction of H . Now for determining dB . So the wire of length l carries current 2I that flows out of the paper.

ax h 2 2 -3 =.20 # 10 az and magnetic flux density in the region between the sheets is B = mH =. ga te he lp. Consider the sheets as shown in figure that having the surface current densities + 20 mA/may and .in Therefore the resultant field intensity at the wire of length l is HT = ^Hf1 + Hf2h cos q 2I 1 = I = # 2pl 2p ^ 2 l h 2 Since the force exerted on a current element Idl by a magnetic field H is defined as dF = (mH) (Idl) So the force experienced by the wire of length l is mI 2 F = (mHT ) ^2I h l = m b I l^2I h l = 2p 2p l So the field intensity between the plates will be given as H = H1 + H 2 where H1 is the field intensity produced by the sheet located at x = 0 and H2 is the field intensity produced by the sheet located at x = 5 cm .33 Option (C) is correct. Now the magnetic field intensity produced at point P due to a plane sheet having current density K is defined as H = 1 K # an 2 where an is the unit vector normal to the sheet directed toward point P .Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 327 For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.40m0 # 10-3 az ^m = 2m0h Therefore the stored magnetic energy per unit volume in the region is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.20 # 10-3 ay h # ^.2.co. So.20 mA/may . co m SOL 5. the magnetic field intensity in the region between the plates is H = 1 K1 # an1 + 1 K2 # an2 2 2 1 44 2 44 3 1 44x2 cm 3 44 at x = 0 at = 5 = 1 ^20 # 10-3 ay h # ^ax h + 1 ^.

328 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only wm = 1 H : B = 1 ^800m0 # 10-6h 2 2 = 400 # 4p # 10-7 # 10-6 = 160p J/m3 Since the separation between plates is d = 5 cm . K is the surface current density at the boundary interface of the two mediums and an is the unit vector normal to the boundary interface. stored energy per unit area between the plates is Wm /A = wm # d = ^160ph # ^0. H1t = B1t m1 0.1 0. so the normal component B1n and tangential component B1t of magnetic flux density in medium 1 are B1n = az and B1t = 0.H2tx l ay . So.8ay Thus the net magnetic flux density in medium 2 is B2 = B2t + B2n = ax + 0.5 ax + 0. co m .0. g at e he lp.4 = 0.nodia.1ax + 0.1ax + 0.1 + 0.4 and H2ty = m0 m0 m0 Therefore the tangential component of magnetic field intensity in medium 2 is H2t = 0.2ay az # < .2ax . Since the boundary surface of the two medium is z = 0 .8ay As the normal component of magnetic flux density is uniform at the boundary of two medium So.2.8ay + az Shop Online at www.2ax .4ax + 0. the normal component of magnetic flux density in the medium 2 is (1) B2n = B1n = az Now for determining tangential component of field in medium 2.^H2tx ax + H2ty ay hF = 1 ^0.4 ay m0 m0 and the tangential component of magnetic flux density in medium 2 is B2t = m2 H2t = ax + 0.co.4ax + 0.05h = 4p J/m2 Option (C) is correct.34 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.4ay h Comparing the x and y -components we get H2tx = 0.2 + 0.0.5 m0 m0 m0 0.b m0 .2ay ( m1 = 4m0 ) = 1 ^0. So we have 0.2 1 b m0 . we first calculate tangential component of magnetic field intensity in medium 1 which is given as where m1 is the permeability of medium 1.4ay h m0 m0 0.H2ty l ax = m0 ^0.8ay h = m0 4m0 Again from the boundary condition the tangential component of magnetic field intensity in the two mediums are related as an # ^H1t .in SOL 5.2 = 0.H2t h = K where H2t and H1t are the tangential components of magnetic field intensity in medium 2 and medium 1 respectively.

az h@ # 9 0 ^.4ay mN he lp.35 Option (B) is correct. Consider the square loop is of side 2a as shown in the figure SOL 5.36 Option (A) is correct. ga te Since the sides BC and AD crosses the straight wire so no force will be experienced by the sides.co..2. Now the magnetic flux density produced at a distance r from a straight wire carrying current I is defined as mI B = 0 2pr So the magnetic flux density produced by the straight wire at the two sides of the loop is m0 ^2 h m = 0 B = ^I = 2 A. According to Snell’s law the permeability of two mediums are related as m0 tan q1 = m tan q2 tan q1 = 15m0 m0 tan q2 tan q1 = 15 tan q2 Now.8az ww w.ay h pa p Similarly force experienced by side CD is 8m m F2 = 64 ^2a h^.nodia.2ay + 0. while the flux density produced by the straight wire at sides AB and CD will be equal in magnitude.(i) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .. the given flux density in medium 2 is B2 = 1.2.ax hC = 0 ^ay h p pa Thus the net force experienced by the loop is 16m0 F = F1 + F2 = a p ^ yh = 16 # 4 # 10-7 ay = 2. r = a h pa 2p ^a h Since the force exerted on a current element Idl by a magnetic field B is defined as dF = (Idl) # B Therefore the force experienced by side AB of length 2a is 8m m (I = 4 A ) F1 = 64 ^2a h az@ # 9 0 axC = 0 ^.in SOL 5.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 329 For View Only Shop Online at www. co m .

2 3 B2t -1 or q2 = tan ^2/3h from equation (1) tan q1 = 15 tan q2 tan q1 = 10 q = tan-1 ^10h Thus the angular deflection is q1 . In the given magnetic circuit. For View Only Shop Online at www.2.tan-1 ^2/3h = 54.8 = 2 1. For calculating total reluctance of the circuit.q2 = tan-1 ^10h .nodia. we have to draw the electrical analog of the circuit.in So the normal and tangential component of the magnetic flux density in medium 2 is B2n = 0. lp.37 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww For a given cross sectional area S and length of the core l reluctance is defined as R = l mS Where m is permeability of the medium in core 5 # 10-2 So.co.330 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 SOL 5. we have R1 = = 1 ^1000m0h^5 # 10-4h 10m0 5 # 10-2 1 R2 = -4 = 20m 0 ^1000m0h^10 # 10 h 6 # 10-2 = 3 ^1000m0h^10 # 10-4h 50m0 14 # 10-2 = 7 R4 = ^1000m0h^10 # 10-4h 50m0 R5 = R3 = 3 50m0 4 # 10-2 = 1 R6 = ^1000m0h^10 # 10-4h 25m0 R3 = w.6c co m . there are total six section for which six reluctance has been drawn below.8az and B2t = 1.2ay From the figure we have tan q2 = B2n = 0. g at e he Option (B) is correct.

64 cm2 he lp. l = 0.40 Option (B) is correct.79 # 10 = 27.nodia. of turns of coil L =N R ^100h2 9 Then.in Since all the reluctance are connected in series so total reluctance of the magnetic circuit is RT = R 1 + R 2 + R 3 + R 4 + R 5 + R 6 = 1 + 1 + 3 + 7 + 3 + 1 10m0 20m0 50m0 50m0 50m0 25m0 = 9 20m0 SOL 5.6h S = Ll 2 = mN ^600m0h^50h2 = 6.38 Option (C) is correct.2. Since the core is ideal so it’s reluctance will be zero and so the electrical analog for the magnetic circuit will be as shown below The reluctance R 1 . For a given reluctance R of a magnetic circuit. L = cRT = 20m m 0 ^9/20m0h -2 = 2. Give that no.2 # 10-3 H So. mr = 600 inductance of the coil. the self.39 SOL 5. inductance is defined as 2 Where N is no.2.9 mH m .366 # 10-5 m2 = 1.2 mH = 0. 4 # 10-2 R 1 = l1 = = 4 m0 S1 m0 ^100 # 10-4h m0 2 # 10-2 R2 = = 2 m0 ^100 # 10-4h m0 2 # 10-2 = 2 R3 = m0 ^100 # 10-4h m0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the cross sectional area of core is ^0.2.co.6 m relative permeability. L = 0. ga te Option (B) is correct. of turns of coil. N = 50 length of the core. R 2 and R 3 is produced by the air gap.2 # 10-3h^0.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 331 SOL 5. co For View Only Shop Online at www.

42 Consider the current flowing in coil N2 is i2 . g at e Option (D) is correct. Since the coil N1 and N2 are directly connected through ideal core so entire flux produced by N2 will link with N1 .43 Option (A) is correct. The total reluctance of the magnetic circuit as seen from the coil N2 is RT = ^R 1 || R 2h + R 3 (as calculated above) = b 4 || 2 l + 2 m0 m0 m0 = 4 + 2 = 10 3m0 3m0 m0 Therefore the self inductance of the coil N2 is 2 ^250h2 = 28. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww So.in So. So. the total reluctance seen by coil N1 is RT = R 1 + R 2 || R 3 = 4 + 1 = 5 m0 m0 m0 and the self inductance of coil will be 2 L1 = N 1 = 62.41 Option (B) is correct. the total flux produced by N2 i2 is f2 = N2 i2 = 500i2 = 250m0 i2 R1 ^2/m0h Since the entire flux will link with N1 So mutual induction between N1 and N2 is ^250h^250m0 i2h Nf M = L12 = 1 2 = = 78.54 mH i2 i2 SOL 5. As the coil N1 and N2 are directly connected through an ideal core so entire flux will produced by N2 will link with N1 and so flux linked with N 3 will be zero.8 mH RT SOL 5.6 mH L2 = N 2 = RT ^10/3m0h co m .2. the reluctance seen by coil N2 is ^4 # 10-3h = 2 R1 = l = m0 m0 S m0 ^2000 # 10-6h w.nodia.2.co. The electrical analog of the magnetic circuit is shown below where the reluctance R 1 and R 2 are the reluctance due to air gap. For View Only Shop Online at www.2.332 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 SOL 5. he lp.

Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 333 For View Only Shop Online at www. we have . SOL 5.2. # co m Since. 210 wm = H b 1 + 2H l dH 3 H=0 2 3 210 = :H + 2H D 6 3 0 = 6.nodia.co.2 MJ/m3 lp. B = 1 H + H 2 mWb/m2 3 The energy stored per unit volume in a magnetic material having linear magnetic flux density is defined as wm = wm = # H : dB H=0 H0 # HdB H=0 210 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the expression for magnetization curve.18 # 106 J/m3 = 6.44 Option (A) is correct. magnetic field intensity varied from 0 to 210 A/m So. ga te he dB = 1 + 2H Since. Given. putting it in equation we get.in Therefore the mutual inductance between N 3 and N2 is zero. 3 dH So.

mass = 6. from equation (2) we have 6(3ax + 30ay) .(1.Bay = 10ay Comparing the components in the two sides we get 30 .nodia. Given.5ax + 30ay .5ax + (30 . density = 7.A) az .10 Putting these values in equation (3) we get the magnetic field intensity in medium 2 as H2 = 1.A = 0 & A = 30 and . Now.co. the magnetic field intensity in medium 1 is H1 = 3ax + 30ay A/m As the interface lies in the plane x = 0 so.2 Option (B) is correct. So.(30 .334 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only SOLUTIONS 5.A) ay .5ax 2 Therefore. From boundary condition we have the following relation between the magnetic field intensity in the two mediums : (1) m1 H1n = m2 H2n (2) and (H1 .9 # 103 kg/m3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in SOL 5.Baz@ # ax = 10ay 0 .6 # 10-3 kg density of steel.H2) # an12 = K where H1 and H2 are the magnetic field intensity in the two mediums. the normal component of the field intensity in medium 2 is given as H2n = H1n = 1.1 Option (A) is correct.3. an12 is the unit vector normal to the interface of the mediums directed from medium 1 to medium 2 and K is the surface current density at the interface of the two mediums.3.5ax + Aay + Baz where A and B are the constants. we have H1n = 3ax From equation (1). the magnetic moment m = 2.B = 10 & B =. g at e he lp. co m SOL 5. the net magnetic field intensity in medium 2 can be considered as (3) H2 = 1.5ax + Aay + Baz )@ # ax = 10ay 61.10az A/m .3 Shop Online at www.5 A.m2 Mass of magnet.

H = 5ax A/m m Current element. Idl = 4 # 10-4 ay A.D1n = rs GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he Magnetic field intensity. 5 M =m = v 0. the normal component of the electric flux density is related as i. The electrical analogy of the magnetic field are listed below : Magnetic field EMF (electromotive force) Electric current Resistance " MMF (magneto motive force) " Magnetic flux " Reluctance Conductivity " Permeability So.e. the magnetization of the magnet is defined as the magnetic moment per unit volume so. co m SOL 5.3.3.e. D " 1. C " 4 . discontinuous D2n . ga te SOL 5. the net volume of the magnet bar is -3 v = mass = 6. for the given match list we get.835 # 10 m3 Now.3 Option (A) is correct. putting all the values we get.co.in So.835 # 10-6 = 3 # 106 A/m Electrical field ww w. the force exerted on a current element Idl placed in a magnetic field B is defined as F = ^Idl h # B So.2az mN lp.2 # 10-3 az N =. we get magnetization of the magnet bar as 2.nodia.m So.6 # 10 3 density 7. F = ^4 # 10-4 ay h # ^5ax h =.4 Option (C) is correct. Given. the magnetic flux density is given as B = mH = 5ax A/m Since. A " 3 .9 # 10 -6 = 0. B " 2 . Statement 1 is correct At the boundary interface between two mediums. SOL 5. At the surface of discontinuity (interface between two medium) the normal component of magnetic flux density are related as B1n = B2n i.5 Option (C) is correct. .Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 335 For View Only Shop Online at www.3. normal component of magnetic flux density is uniform at the surface of discontinuity.

m0 # Idl # R co m SOL 5. Magnetic current is composed of both displacement and conduction components.8 SOL 5.336 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www.6 Option (C) is correct. Torque exerted on a loop with dipole moment M in a magnetic field B is defined as T = M#B Option (B) is correct. B = he lp. Biot savart’s law gives the magnetic flux density as defined below SOL 5.10 The force exerted due to the wire 2 at wire 1 is given as F = ^Idl h # ^B h where Idl is the small current element of the wire 1 and B is magnetic flux density produced by wire 2 at wire 1. Magnetic energy density in a magnetic field is defined as wm = 1 J : A 2 Option ( ) is correct. the normal component of flux density at the surface of discontinuity may or may not be continuos. continuous D2n = D1n So. SOL 5. Consider the two wires carrying current as shown below : at e ^b " 3h 4p R 2 Displacement current is determined by using maxwell’s equation as d # H = Jc + Jd where Jd is displacement current density ^c " 1h Time average power flow in a field wave is determined by poynting vector as Pave = 1 Es # Hs ^d " 2h 2 ^a " 4h Using Gauss’s law line charge distribution can be determined.co.3.3.nodia. If the interface is charge free ( rS = 0 ) then.3. g Option (B) is correct.9 SOL 5. As determined by right hand rule the magnetic flux GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.7 . Option (C) is correct.e.3.3. the equation changes to i.in where rS is surface charge density at the interface.

the B -H curve for the respective material has been shown below (depending on their slopes m).3. Option (B) is correct. B = mH So. The magnetic flux density B and magnetic field intensity H in a medium with permeability m are related as B = mH = mr m0 H Now.3.12 SOL 5. SOL 5. Now. SOL 5. So. Which will be towards wire 2.13 Option (A) is correct. d : B = d : ^mH h 0 = d:m+d:H In the above equation d : m have some finite value therefore. In the similar way the force due to wire 1 at wire 2 will be toward wire 1 i. This phenomenon is called polarization of the dielectric material. for the different magnetic material relative permeability mr are listed below : Free space (vacuum) mr = 1 Diamagnetic mr K 1 Paramagnetic mr L 1 Ferromagnetic mr >> 1 So. we conclude that both the statement are correct and statement (II) is correct explanation of (I).co.14 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. attractive and perpendicular to the wire. ga te he lp. magnetic permeability is a variable and so. from maxwell’s equation we know d:B = 0 Since.e.11 Option (B) is correct. From the boundary condition for magnetic field. SOL 5.3. co m . it has some finite gradient.3.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 337 For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia. For an inhomogenous magnetic material. When a dielectric material is placed in an electric field then the electric dipoles are created in it.in density produced due to wire 2 at wire 1 is out of the paper. we have the following derived condition as m1 Hn1 = m2 Hn2 and Ht1 = Ht2 Option (C) is correct.

19 SOL 5. for q = 1 F = E+v#B Option (B) is correct. and So it tend to a straight line. Force on a current element Idl kept in a magnetic field B is defined as F = # Idl # B L = 6^10h^2 h az@ # 60.338 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only d:H ! 0 SOL 5. The currents in the hairpin shaped wire flows as shown in the figure. lp.3.in (in inhomogenous medium) Option (C) is correct.3.3. at e GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he Option (B) is correct. w.15 Shop Online at www. Force acting on a small point charge q moving in an EM wave is defined as F = qE + q ^v + B h So.3. Given. The force on a moving charge q with the velocity v in a region having magnetic field B and electric field E is defined as F = q ^E + v # B h I = 5A B = 3ax + 4ay co Option (C) is correct. the Lorentz force equation. Magnetic energy density in a magnetic field is defined as wm = 1 J : A 2 where J is the current density and A is the magnetic vector potential.nodia.0ay N SOL 5. SOL 5.20 Option (D) is correct. F = e ^v # B h If the particle is at rest then v = 0 and so there will be no any deflection in particle due to the magnetic field.3.18 SOL 5.16 SOL 5.3.21 ww Option (C) is correct.3. Option (D) is correct. Given. g As the direction of current are opposite so the force acting between them is repulsive.co. Magnetic flux density.05ax@ = 1.17 SOL 5. m . Current flowing in the conductor.

nodia.8ay + 0. the net magnetic flux density in region 2 is and GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. H1 = Hn1 + Ht1 When the interface between two medium carries a uniform current K then the tangential component of magnetic field intensity is not uniform.4az and the interface lies in the plane z = 0 .3.Chap 5 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter 339 SOL 5.4az Now.3.co.8ay h = ^0. the force per unit length experienced by the conductor is dF = 15a . ga te But. So. the magnetic flux density in medium 1 is B1 = 1. B2 ! Bn2 + Bt 2 he Option (B) is correct.8ay and B1n = 0. Ht1 . B1n = B2n B1t = B2t m1 m2 Therefore.4az m and B2t = B1t b 2 l = 1 ^1.e.e.20ax + 15ay N/m . we get the field components in medium 2 as B2n = B1n = 0.20a y x dl =.2ax + 0.Ht 2 = K or. the tangential and normal components of magnetic flux density in the two mediums are respectively : B1t = 1. we have the following relations between the components of field in two mediums.2ax + 0. Bn1 = Bn2 Any field vector is the sum of its normal and tangential component to any surface i. Given. the force experienced by a current carrying element Idl placed in a magnetic field B is defined as dF = ^Idl h # B As the current flowing in az direction so.22 SOL 5.6ax + 0. from the boundary condition of current free interface.2ax + 0.4ay h m1 2 Thus. From the boundary condition for magnetic field we have the following relation : Normal component of magnetic flux density is continuous i. i. co m For View Only Shop Online at www.e. we have dl = dlaz and the force experienced by the conductor is dF = ^5dlaz h # ^3ax + 4ay h Therefore. an21 # ^H1 .H2h = K lp.in Since.23 Option (A) is correct.

4ay + 0.in SOL 5.nodia. the magnetic field intensity in region 2 is H2 = B2 = 1 ^0. # A : J dv has the units of energy.6ax + 0. Energy stored in a magnetic field is defined as Wm = 1 A : J dv 2 # So.3.4az So.co.6ax + 0.340 Magnestostatic Fields in Matter Chap 5 For View Only Shop Online at www. co m . *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.4az h A/m m2 m0 Option (C) is correct. g at e he lp.4ay + 0.24 B2 = B2n + B2t = 0.

CHAPTER 6 TIME VARRYING FIELD AND MAXWELL EQUATION .

1 Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below (Notations have their usual meaning) a b c d Ampere’s circuital law Faraday’s law Gauss’s law Non existence of isolated magneticharge b 3 1 3 3 c 2 3 1 1 d 1 2 4 2 MCQ 6.342 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only EXERCISE 6.nodia. Total outward magnetic flux through the closed surface will be (A) B : S (B) 0 (C) B # S GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww MCQ 6. 4.co.1.1.1 Shop Online at www. 3. co 1.2 Magneto static fields is caused by (A) stationary charges (C) time varying currents w. 2.4 A closed surface S defines the boundary line of magnetic medium such that the field intensity inside it is B . g at e (B) steady currents (D) none of these (D) none of these Codes : a (A) 4 (B) 4 (C) 2 (D) 4 MCQ 6.in MCQ 6.1. List-I m List-II d : D = rv d:B = 0 B d # E =-2 2 t D d # H = J +2 2 t . The correct relation between E and A is A E (A) E =-2 (B) A =-2 2 t 2 t A E (C) E = 2 (D) A = 2 2 t 2 t he lp.1.3 Let A be magnetic vector potential and E be electric field intensity at certain time in a time varying EM field.

magnetic field B (r.1.1.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 343 For View Only Shop Online at www. (A) inside the wire (B) to the axis of cylindrical wire (D) none of these co m The total magnetic flux through a conducting loop having electric field E = 0 inside it will be (A) 0 . The current in the superconductor will be confined.9 A circular loop is rotating about z -axis in a magnetic field B = B 0 cos wtay . t) inside the sphere will be (A) 0 (B) uniform.5 A perfect conducting sphere of radius r is such that it’s net charge resides on the surface.6 (B) constant (C) varying with time only (D) varying with time and area of the surface both MCQ 6. The total induced voltage in the loop is caused by (A) Transformer emf (B) motion emf. independent of r (C) uniform. At any time t .7 (C) to the surface of the wire MCQ 6. (C) Combination of (A) and (B) (D) none of these GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.nodia. independent of t (D) uniform.1.in MCQ 6.co. A cylindrical wire of a large cross section made of super conductor carries a current I .1. independent of both r and t MCQ 6.8 MCQ 6.1. ga te If Bi denotes the magnetic flux density increasing with time and Bd denotes the magnetic flux density decreasing with time then which of the configuration is correct for the induced current I in the stationary loop ? he lp.

g A very long straight wire carrying a current I = 3 A is placed at a distance of 4 m from a square loop as shown in figure.2 volt (B) 10-6 wb (D) 2.344 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.4 volt (D) .in MCQ 6.12 (A) 0. co m A square loop of side 2 m is located in the plane x = 0 as shown in figure.nodia. The emf induced in the loop at time t = 2 sec will be at e (A) 16 volt (C) 4 volt MCQ 6.1. If the side of the square loop is 4 m then the total flux passing through the square loop will be GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (B) .81 # 10-7 wb (C) 4. A nonuniform magnetic flux density through it is given as .34 mV MCQ 6.0 # 10-7 wb lp.1.8 mV B = 4z3 t2 ax .co.10 A small conducting loop is released from rest with in a vertical evacuated cylinder voltage induced in the falling loop is (Assume earth magnetic field = 2 # 10-6 T at a constant angle of 10c below the horizontal) (A) zero (B) 1 mV (C) 17.11 (D) 9.1.05 # 10-7 wb ww w.

ga te Assertion (A) : A small piece of bar magnet takes several seconds to emerge at bottom when it is dropped down a vertical aluminum pipe where as an identical unmagnetized piece takes a fraction of second to reach the bottom. (C) A is true but R is false.in MCQ 6.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 345 For View Only Shop Online at www.15 ww w.7 mV and 33. the voltage drop V1 and V2 across the two resistances is respectively (A) 66. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he In a certain region magnetic flux density is given as B = 0.2t az Wb/m2 .co.1. (C) Vba is positive MCQ 6. If a magnetic field B is present in the space directed along az then which of the following statement is correct ? (A) Vab is positive (B) Vab is negative (D) Vba is zero co (D) 100 mV and 50 mV m . An electric loop with resistance 2 W and 4 W is lying in x -y plane as shown in the figure.1. lp.1. Reason (R) : When the bar magnet is dropped inside a conducting pipe.3 mV and 66. (B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.14 If the area of the loop is 2 m2 than.nodia. force exerted on the magnet by induced eddy current is in upward direction. (D) A is false but R is true.13 A straight conductor ab of length l lying in the xy plane is rotating about the centre a at an angular velocity w as shown in the figure.7 mV (C) 50 mV and 100 mV MCQ 6. (A) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.3 mV (B) 33.

co.17 Self inductance of a long solenoid having n turns per unit length will be proportional to (A) n (B) 1/n MCQ 6.2 volt (D) .1. (D) 1/n2 co (B) 7.16 A magnetic core of uniform cross section having two coils (Primary and secondary) wound on it as shown in figure.18 A wire with resistance R is looped on a solenoid as shown in figure. If the current returns along a coaxial conducting tube of radius r as shown in figure then magnetic field and electric field inside the tube will be respectively.19 ww If a constant current is flowing in the solenoid then the induced current flowing in the loop with resistance R will be (A) non uniform (B) constant (D) none of these A long straight wire carries a current I = I 0 cos (wt). (C) zero MCQ 6.1.7.1.346 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www. g at e he (C) n2 lp.in MCQ 6.2 volt m . of turns of secondary coil is 3000. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w. of turns of primary coil is 5000 and no. The no.nodia. If a voltage source of 4 Volts is connected across the primary coil then what will be the voltage across the secondary coil ? (A) 72 volt (C) 20 volt MCQ 6.1.

22 In a medium where no D.33 sin ^1. If the same flux passes through every turn of both coils then the ratio of emf induced in the two coils is Vemf 2 = N2 Vemf 1 N1 (C) A is true but R is false.nodia.5 # 108 t h ay A/m2 .5 # 108 t h ay nC/m2 (C) 1.1.eE (A) eE MCQ 6. he Reason (R) : In a primitive transformer.3 sin ^1.5 # 108 t h ay nC/m2 In a medium. 0 . radial MCQ 6.1. of turns. any desired secondary emf can be obtained. longitudinal (C) circumferential. ga te (B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.1.5 # 108 t h ay nC/m2 (B) 13.co.3 sin ^1. lp. (A) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A. MCQ 6. the conduction current density at any point is given as Jd = 5 cos ^1.de : E GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.23 (C) 0 (D) .33 sin ^1. If the e volume charge density inside the medium is zero then d : E is roughly equal to (B) . the permittivity is a function of position such that de .21 In a non magnetic medium electric field E = E 0 cos wt is applied.5 # 108 t h ay nC/m2 (D) .1. (D) A is false but R is true. by choosing the appropriate no.in (B) circumferential. co m . field is present. If the permittivity of medium is e and the conductivity is s then the ratio of the amplitudes of the conduction current density and displacement current density will be (A) m0 /we (B) s/we (C) sm0 /we (D) we/s MCQ 6. longitudinal (D) longitudinal.1.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 347 For View Only (A) radial. Electric flux density in the medium will be (A) 133.C.20 Shop Online at www. circumferential Assertion (A) : Two coils are wound around a cylindrical core such that the primary coil has N1 turns and the secondary coils has N2 turns as shown in figure.

the electric field intensity at any point (r.1.co. s = 1.24 A conducting medium has permittivity. f) in spherical coordinate system is given by sin q cos ^wt .28 rad/m m .26 Magnetic field intensity in free space is given as H = 0. What will be the ratio of magnitude of displacement current and conduction current in the medium at 50 GHz ? (A) 1.in MCQ 6.75 # 10-17 (D) 9.10 # 10 4 (B) 1.25 (C) MCQ 6.14 # 108 s/m .025 # 107 (C) 9. g at e (C) ! 77.5 rad/m *********** he lp.6 rad/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. kwm0 -jkr e af r co In free space.1.75 # 10-8 MCQ 6.2 cos ^15py h sin ^6p # 109 t .k sin q e-jkr af (A) k sin q e-jkr af wm0 r wm0 r (D) k sin q e-jkr af r (D) ! 60.1. e = 4e0 and conductivity.kr h E = aq r The phasor form of magnetic field intensity in the free space will be (B) . q.5 rad/m (B) ! 41.bx h az A/m It satisfies Maxwell’s equation when b equals to (A) ! 46.348 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.

5 mvolt (C) 25 mvolt (D) 5 mvolt GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.0.1 A Two parallel conducting rails are being placed at a separation of 3 m as shown in figure.2 If the loop is pulled away from the straight wire at a velocity of 5 m/s then the induced e.0. A metal bar slides frictionlessly on the rails at a speed of 5 m/s away from the resistor.2. A very long straight wire carrying a current I = 30 A is located at a distance 2 m from the square loop as shown in figure.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 349 For View Only EXERCISE 6.6 sec will be (A) 5 mvolt (B) 2.m.2 Wb/m2 pointing out of the page fills entire region then the current I flowing in the resistor will be (A) 0. One end of the rail is being connected through a resistor R = 10 W and the other end is kept open.nodia.2 Shop Online at www.co.2. in the loop after 0.01 A m .f. ga te he lp.3 : A conducting wire is formed into a square loop of side 4 m. If the magnetic flux density B = 0. co (D) . MCQ 6.in MCQ 6.01 A (B) .1 (C) 1 A Common Data for Question 2 .

Now at any time t = t 0 the switch is open so the current I drops to zero.f.3 If the loop is pulled downward in the parallel direction to the straight wire.in MCQ 6.237 nC MCQ 6.nodia.2.2. such that distance between the loop and wire is always 3 m then the induced e.co. What will be the total charge that passes through a corner of the square loop after t = t 0 ? (A) 277 nC (B) 693 nC m .m. If another small circular loop of radius 1 mm lies a distance 8 m above the large circular loop such that the planes of the two loops are parallel and perpendicular to the common axis as shown in figure then total flux through the small loop will be (A) 1.4 pWb at e he lp.62 fWb (B) 25.5 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww (C) 44.350 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www. in the loop at any time t will be (A) linearly increasing with t (B) always 0 (C) linearly decreasing with t MCQ 6. (C) .2.3 nWb (D) 45.9 fWb w. g A circular loop of radius 5 m carries a current I = 2 A . co (D) 139 nC An infinitely long straight wire with a closed switch S carries a uniform current I = 4 A as shown in figure.4 (D) always constant but not zero. A square loop of side a = 2 m and resistance R = 4 W is located at a distance 4 m from the wire.

16 MCQ 6. The correct relation between the voltmeter’s reading VA and VB will be . What will be the ratio of amplitudes of conduction current to the displacement current ? (A) 0.2.VB (D) VA =.in MCQ 6.m .6 # 108 Hz has permittivity e = 54e0 and resistivity r = 0.co.70 Statement for Linked Question 8 .RA VB RB m Two voltmeters A and B with internal resistances RA and RB respectively is connected to the diametrically opposite points of a long solenoid as shown in figure.2.8 If a uniform magnetic field B = 4 Tesla pointing out of the page fills entire region then the current I flowing in the bar will be (A) 0 A (B) .4 A GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. co (B) VA =.43 (B) 0.2. Current in the solenoid is increasing linearly with time.7 (D) 2. A conducting bar slides frictionlessly on the rails with a velocity of 4 m/s away from the resistance as shown in the figure.77 W .Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 351 For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.6 A non magnetic medium at frequency f = 1. ga te Two parallel conducting rails are being placed at a separation of 6 m with a resistance R = 10 W connected across it’s one end. he (A) VA = VB (C) VA = RA VB RB lp.9 : MCQ 6.40 A (C) 4 A (D) .37 (C) 1.

(B) 2.7.10 (C) .30c) (D) 5.2.30c) co Two small resistor of 225 W each is connected through a perfectly conducting filament such that it forms a square loop lying in x -y plane as shown in the figure.nodia.30c) In a non uniform magnetic field B = 8x2 az Tesla .5. The Position of the bar which is sliding on the rails is given as x = t ^1 + 0.7 sin (120pt .2.7 sin (120pt .co.2.11 Voltmeter reading at t = 0.352 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www. Magnetic flux density passing through the loop is given as B =.30c) az The induced current I (t) in the loop will be m .30c) at e (A) 0.4t2h MCQ 6.in MCQ 6. opposes it’s motion (C) 40 N.12 : he lp. opposes it’s motion (B) 40 N. in the direction of it’s motion (D) 0 MCQ 6.9 The force exerted by magnetic field on the sliding bar will be (A) 4 N.02 sin (120pt .8 # 103 sin (120pt . g Common Data for Question 11 .4 sec will be GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. two parallel rails with a separation of 10 m and connected with a voltmeter at it’s one end is located in x -y plane as shown in figure.5 cos (120pt .

0.2. If i1 be the rectangular pulse of current as shown in figure (b) then the plot of the induced current i2 in the loop versus time t will be (assume the time constant of the loop.2. t & L/R ) .12 Shop Online at www. ga te he lp.4 mvolt MCQ 6.64 mvolt (C) 23.29 volt MCQ 6.2.6 volt Voltmeter reading at x = 12 cm will be (A) 12.co.1.23.14.35 volt (C) . co m A rectangular loop of self inductance L is placed near a very long wire carrying current i1 as shown in figure (a).35 volt (D) .0.4 mvolt (D) .14 Two parallel conducting rails is placed in a varying magnetic field B = 0.13 MCQ 6.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 353 For View Only (A) .2 cos wtax . A conducting bar oscillates on the rails such that it’s position is given by y = 0.27 mvolt (B) .nodia.25 ^1 .cos wt h m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in (B) 0.

(B) . The permittivity of the medium is e = 0.2.2.1 m carries current I (t) = 8t A in ax direction.bx h az A/m . 0.4 sin ^3 # 108 t .0. field is present in medium. then value of b for which the field satisfies Maxwell’s equation is (A) .33 sin ^3 # 108 t .2x h ay A/m (D) 4 sin ^3 # 108 t .0.6 # 105 rad/m (D) (A) and (B) both MCQ 6.0. If no D.in If one end of the rails are terminated in a resistance R = 5 W . then the current i flowing in the rails will be MCQ 6.nodia.0. If the retarded vector potential at point P (0.15 Electric flux density in a medium ( er = 10 .16 (B) 600 rad/m (C) 3.12 nF/m and permeability of the medium is m = 3 # 10-5 H/m .2x h ay A/m (A) 10-5 sin ^3 # 108 t .600 rad/s w. g (C) . mr = 2 ) is given as Magnetic field intensity in the medium will be (B) 2 sin ^3 # 108 t .0. 2) be A (t) then the plot of A (t) versus time will be GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww In a non conducting medium (s = 0) magnetic field intensity at any point is given by H = cos ^1010 t .01w sin wt ^1 + 2 cos wt h co m .01w sin wt ^1 + 2 cos wt h (A) 0.co.2.1 < x < 0.0.0.354 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.2x h ay A/m at e D = 2.C.17 A current filament located on the x -axis in free space with in the interval .2x h ay A/m MCQ 6.05w sin wt ^1 + 2 sin wt h (C) 0.2x h ay mC/m2 he (D) 0.01w cos wt ^1 + 2 sin wt h lp.

Velocity m/sec Force.19 ww w.nodia.bx h az It satisfies Maxwell’s equation for b = ? (A) ! 20p rad/m (B) ! 300 p rad/m (C) 10p rad/m (D) 30p rad/m Statement for Linked Question 20 . N ax 2q ^ax + ay h ay qay az q ^2ay + az h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he MCQ 6. ga te Electric field in free space in given as E = 5 sin ^10py h cos ^6p # 109 . the retarded potentials are given as V = y ^x . mr = er = 2 ).ct h volt and A = y ^ x .2.21 : In a region of electric and magnetic fields E and B . The field (electric and magnetic) inside the medium satisfies Maxwell’s equation if (A) J = 0 only (B) rv = 0 only (D) Can’t be possible lp.t h ax Wb/m where c is velocity of waves in c free space.in (C) J = rv = 0 MCQ 6.co. the force experienced by a test charge qC are given as follows for three different velocities. co m .2.18 In a non-conducting medium ( s = 0 . respectively.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 355 For View Only Shop Online at www.

(D) 1 a 2 sin wt f (B) .2. the loop is moving in that plane with a velocity v = 4ax as shown in the figure.21 (D) ay .2 cos wtaf MCQ 6.az What will be electric field E in the region ? (B) ay .co.2.24 The induced electric field at r = 4.24 : In a cylindrical coordinate system.2.nodia.22 In Cartesian coordinates magnetic field is given by B =.az (C) ay + az (D) ay + az .ax Common Data for Question 23 . g at e What will be the circulation of the induced electric field around the loop ? 16 (B) 8 (A) x x ^x + 2h x ^x + 2h 8 (C) (D) 16 x ^x + 2h he (C) .ay (C) az MCQ 6.20 What will be the magnetic field B in the region ? (A) ax (B) ax .17w cos wt 4 co m MCQ 6.5 m is (A) 0 (C) 4w cos wt 9 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp. magnetic field is given by Z0 for r < 5 m ] B = [2 sin wtaz for 5 < r < 6 m ]0 for r > 6 m \ The induced electric field in the region r < 4 m will be (A) 0 (B) 2w cos wt af r MCQ 6.17w cos wt 18 (D) .az (A) ax . .in MCQ 6.2. A square loop of side 2 m is lying in xy plane and parallel to the y -axis.23 ww w.356 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.2.2/x az . Now.

2. 0.7 mV 33.3 mV 33.28 Consider the three voltmeters V1 .7 mV (B) 33.25 The induced electric field in the region r > 5 m is (B) .in MCQ 6.3 mV 66.co. 0h.9r cos wtaf MCQ 6.7 mV he Magnetic flux density. 0.9w cos wt af (A) .7 mV (D) 33. B = 0. A 8 A current is flowing along a straight wire from a point charge situated at the origin to infinity and passing through the point (1.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 357 For View Only Shop Online at www.7 mV 66.8a r V/m MCQ 6. 0h and ^0. lp.3 mV 33. V2 and V3 . connected across the resistance in the same xy plane.2.1t az Tesla threads only the loop abcd lying in the plane xy as shown in the figure.2. The circulation of the magnetic field intensity around the closed path formed by the triangle having the vertices ^2.18 w cos wtaf r r (C) . 1.26 (D) 9w cos wt af r (C) 0 MCQ 6. 1).7 mV (A) 66. If the area of the loop abcd is 1 m2 then the voltmeter readings are V1 V2 V3 66.3 mV GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2.nodia.3 mV (C) 66. ^0.27 (D) . 2h is equal to (B) 3 A (A) 7 A 8 (C) 7 A (D) 1 A co m In a certain region a test charge is moving with an angular velocity 2 rad/ sec along a circular path of radius 4 m centred at origin in the x -y plane.2. ga te 66.7 mV 66. If the magnetic flux density in the region isB = 2az Wb/m2 then the electric field viewed by an observer moving with the test charge is (A) 8a r V/m (B) 4a r V/m .

30 : A square wire loop of resistance R rotated at an angular velocity w in the uniform magnetic field B = 2ay mWb/m2 as shown in the figure.m. in the loop will be (A) 2 sin q mV/m (B) 2 cos q mV/m MCQ 6.co.2.1 cos q mA MCQ 6.2 sin q mA (B) 0.5 sin q mA If the loop rotates at an angular velocity w (same as the angular frequency of magnetic field) then the maximum value of induced e.29 If the angular velocity.f in the loop will be (A) 1 B 0 Sw (B) 2B 0 Sw 2 (C) B 0 Sw (D) 4B 0 Sw GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.m. he (C) 4 cos q mV/m lp.2.2.30 (C) 0. co (D) 4 sin q mV/m m . A rectangular loop of wire is defined in the region with it’s one corner at origin and one side along z -axis as shown in the figure. g In a certain region magnetic flux density is given as B = B 0 sin wt ay .1 sin q mA (D) 0.in Statement for Linked Question 29 . R = 40 mW then the current flowing in the square loop will be (A) 0.nodia.f. MCQ 6.31 at e If resistance.358 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www. w = 2 rad/ sec then the induced e.

47 sin 120pt A co m Consider the figure shown below. The rms value of the induced voltage is (A) 2.32 A 50 turn rectangular loop of area 64 cm2 rotates at 60 revolution per seconds in a magnetic field B = 0.co.118.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 359 For View Only Shop Online at www.0.2.47 sin 120pt A *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.43 cos 120pt V (D) 118.nodia.47 cos 120pt A (C) .2.66 volt Statement for Linked Question 33 .43 sin 120pt V (B) 0.13 volt (B) 21. Let B = 5 cos 120pt Wb/m2 and assume that the magnetic field produced by i (t) is negligible .118.0.25 sin 377t Wb/m2 directed normal to the axis of rotation.33 volt (C) 4.34 : MCQ 6. ga te The value of vab is (A) .43 cos 120pt V The value of i (t) is (A) .33 (C) .43 sin 120pt V MCQ 6.26 volt (D) 42.in MCQ 6.47 cos 120pt A (D) 0. (B) 118.34 ww w.2.

d : B = 0 (B) Ampere/meter (D) Ampere-meter m . d : B = 0 lp.2 ax What x +y x + y2 m current distribution leads to this field ? [Hint : The algebra is trivial in cylindrical coordinates.co.] (A) J = B 0 z c 2 1 2 m.B 0 z c 2 2 2 m. the current density J and the electric flux density D are related by D D (A) ## H $ dS = ## bJ + 2 l : dl (B) # H : dl = ## bJ + 2 l : dS 2 t 2 t S C S S D D (C) ## H : dS = # bJ + 2 l : dl (D) # H : dl = ## bJ + 2 l : dS 2 t 2 t S C C S at e MCQ 6. d # B = 0 (B) d : E = 0 .3. The voltage in the loop is (A) zero (B) due to rotation only (C) due to transformer action only (D) due to both rotation and transformer action GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww he y A magnetic field in air is measured to be B = B 0 c 2 x 2 ay .4 GATE 2003 The unit of d # H is (A) Ampere (C) Ampere/meter 2 w. r ! 0 m0 x + y For static electric and magnetic fields in an inhomogeneous source-free medium.3. r ! 0 (B) J =. r ! 0 m0 x + y m0 x + y (C) J = 0. r ! 0 (D) J = B 0 z c 2 1 2 m.in MCQ 6.360 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only EXERCISE 6.5 GATE 1998 D The Maxwell equation d # H = J + 2 is based on 2 t (A) Ampere’s law (B) Gauss’ law (C) Faraday’s law (D) Coulomb’s law MCQ 6. d # B = 0 MCQ 6. then magnetic field intensity H .3.3.6 GATE 1998 A loop is rotating about they y -axis in a magnetic field B = B 0 cos (wt + f) ax T. co (D) d # E = 0 .nodia.3 Shop Online at www.3 GATE 2007 MCQ 6. which of the following represents the correct form of Maxwell’s equations ? (A) d : E = 0 .3.2 GATE 2008 (C) d # E = 0 .3. g If C is closed curve enclosing a surface S .1 GATE 2009 MCQ 6.

in MCQ 6.9 IES EC 2011 (A) 1.3.dV is inadequate. 3 and 4 (C) 2 and 4 only MCQ 6.co.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 361 For View Only Shop Online at www. co m Assuming that each loop is stationary and time varying magnetic field B .nodia. (A) zero (B) 1 Wb/s2 (C) .1 Wb/s2 (D) 9 Wb/s2 MCQ 6. ga te Assertion (A) : For time varying field the relation E =. which of the configurations in the figures are correct ? .3. then the value of l is.3. induces current I .10 IES EC 2011 ww w. Reason (R) : Faraday’s law states that for time varying field d # E = 0 (A) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (B) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (C) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false (D) Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (B) 1 and 3 only (D) 3 and 4 only lp.8 IES EC 2011 (D) Diffusion current A varying magnetic flux linking a coil is given by F = 2/3lt3 . 2.3.7 The credit of defining the following current is due to Maxwell IES EC 2012 (A) Conduction current (B) Drift current (C) Displacement current MCQ 6. If at time t = 3 s . the emf induced is 9 V.

3.3.5 V (B) .3.11 Who developed the concept of time varying electric field producing a magnetic field IES EC 2009 ? (A) Gauss (B) Faraday (C) Hertz MCQ 6. (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 6.362 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.12 IES EC 2009 (D) Maxwell (C) .10 V MCQ 6. (B) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.co. Reason (R) : d # H = jweE + J lp.13 IES EC 2009 (D) . (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.14 IES EC 2009 (A) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.in MCQ 6. If the plane of the coils is perpendicular to the field lines. g Two conducting thin coils X and Y (identical except for a thin cut in coil Y ) are placed in a uniform magnetic field which is decreasing at a constant rate. The area of the loop is 5 m2 and the rate of charge of flux density is 2 Wb/m2 /s .0. Which of the following equations results from the circuital form of Ampere’s law ? B (A) d # E =-2 (B) d : B = 0 2 t D (C) d : D = r (D) d # H = J + 2 2 t co m A single turn loop is situated in air.2 V . with a uniform magnetic field normal to its plane.3.15 IES EC 2007 (B) coil Y only (C) coil X only (D) none of the two coils MCQ 6.3.4 V MCQ 6.3. What is the emf appearing at the terminals of the loop ? (A) .nodia.16 IES EC 2006 Assertion (A) : Time varying electric field produces magnetic fields. Reason (R) : Time varying magnetic field produces electric fields. which of the following statement is correct ? As a result. emf is induced in (A) both the coils at e he Assertion (A) : Capacitance of a solid conducting spherical body of radius a is given by 4pe0 a in free space.

If the rings are identical except that ring 2 has a thin air gap in it.2 /2 B t 4 d : D =.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 363 For View Only Shop Online at www. 4.f is induced in ring 1 MCQ 6.m. Ampere’s law Faraday’s law Gauss law Current 1.f is induced in both the rings (C) Equal Joule heating occurs in both the rings (D) Joule heating does not occur in either ring.nodia.3. 3. c.3.17 Match List I (Electromagnetic Law) with List II (Different Form) and select the IES EC 2006 correct answer using the code given below the lists : List-I a.3. ga te he MCQ 6.m. d. which one of the following statements is correct ? (A) No e.18 Two metal rings 1 and 2 are placed in a uniform magnetic field which is decreasing with time with their planes perpendicular to the field.20 IES EC 2001 Which one of the following is NOT a correct Maxwell equation ? D (A) d # H = 2 + J 2 t (C) d : D = r H (B) d # E = 2 2 t (D) d : B = 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp. MCQ 6. 2. List-II 4: D = rv h 4: J =-2 2 t D 4# H = J + 2 2 t IES EC 2004 (B) An e. b.in MCQ 6. (B) (D) Codes : a (A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 1 (D) 3 b 2 4 4 2 c 3 1 3 1 d 4 2 2 4 co d # E =.co.3.19 IES EC 2003 Which one of the following Maxwell’s equations gives the basic idea of radiation ? (A) d # H = 2 /2 D t d # E = 2 /2 B t d:D = r 3 (C) d:D = 0 4 ww w.2 /2 B t d:B = r 4 d # H = ^ D/2 h 2 t m B 4# E =-2 2 t .

3. The mmf around a closed path is equal to the conduction current plus the time derivative of the electric displacement current through any surface bounded by the path. lp. co ( # H : dl = # 2 D + J) : dS 2 t m # E : dl =.co. Codes : IES EE 2012 (B) electric field and charge density (C) flux density and charge density (D) current density and charge density MCQ 6. 4.# 2B $ dS 2 t .3.nodia.23 IES EE 2009 D What is the generalized Maxwell’s equation d # H = Jc + 2 for the free space ? t 2 (A) d # H = 0 (B) d # H = Jc D (C) d # H = 2 2 t (D) d # H = D GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww MCQ 6. The net magnetic flux emerging through any closed surface is zero.21 Match List I (Maxwell equation) with List II (Description) and select the correct IES EC 2001 answer : List I a. 3. b.22 The equation of continuity defines the relation between (A) electric field and magnetic field w. d.364 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www. g (A) (B) (C) (D) a 1 4 4 1 b 3 3 2 2 c 2 2 3 3 at e d 4 1 1 4 The total electric displacement through the surface enclosing a volume is equal to total charge within the volume he The emf around a closed path is equal to the time derivative is equal to the time derivative of the magnetic displacement through any surface bounded by the path.in MCQ 6. c. # B : dS = 0 # D : dS = #v rv dv List II 1.3. 2.

d # H = J + 2 2 t 3. co m . w1 . d # E =-2 2 t D 2.7az (A) .co.26 IES EE 2009 Which one of the following is not a Maxwell’s equation ? (A) d # H = ^s + jweh E (B) F = Q ^E + v # B h (C) (D) # H : dl = # J : dS + # 2D : dS t c s s 2 # B : dS = 0 S MCQ 6.3.25 IES EE 2009 (D) 12ay A circular loop placed perpendicular to a uniform sinusoidal magnetic field of frequency w1 is revolved about an axis through its diameter at an angular velocity w 2 rad/sec (w 2 < w1) as shown in the figure below.3.2ay (C) 3ax MCQ 6.3.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 365 For View Only Shop Online at www.m. d : B = 0 Which of the above appear in Maxwell’s equations ? (A) 1. ga te he lp.f induced in the loop ? (A) w1 and w 2 (B) w1.w 2 and w1 + w 2 MCQ 6.in MCQ 6. 2 and 3 (B) 1 and 2 (C) 2 and 3 (D) 1 and 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.24 Magnetic field intensity is H = 3ax + 6yay + 2xaz A/m. What is the current density IES EE 2009 J A/m2 ? (B) .w 2 and w 2 (D) w1 . What are the frequencies for the e.27 IES EE 2008 Consider the following three equations : B 1. w 2 + w 2 and w 2 (C) w 2.3.nodia.

d H = J + 2 # 2 t 2. g In free space. the Poisson’s equation becomes (A) Maxwell’s divergence equation d : B = 0 Displacement current Faraday’s law he 4.3. What are the induced current in the two loops ? (A) Anticlockwise in A and clockwise in B (C) Clockwise both in A and B (D) Anticlockwise both in A and B MCQ 6.nodia.3.30 IES EE 2006 # B : dl = m0 I c at e (A) d : B = 0 (B) Laplacian equation d2V = 0 (C) Kirchhoff’s voltage equation SV = 0 (D) None of the above IES EE 2004 List I a b c d ww MCQ 6. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp.co.31 Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below : List II D 1.3. v (B) d # D = 0 (D) d2 A = m0 J B 3.29 IES EE 2007 Which one of the following equations is not Maxwell’s equation for a static electromagnetic field in a linear homogeneous medium ? (C) MCQ 6.in MCQ 6. D J =2 2 t Continuity equation Ampere’s law w.3. if rv = 0 .28 A straight current carrying conductor and two conducting loops A and B are shown IES EE 2007 in the figure given below. d E =-2 # 2 t 2 r d # J =.366 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.v 2 t (B) Clockwise in A and anticlockwise in B co m .

3.2 # B : ds 2 s 2 t t (C) # E # dl =.2 # B : dl 2 s 2 t t GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp. V =dfm dt A steady magnetic field in a current carrying conductor co # D : ds = # rdv v # x : dl = # (d # x) : ds l s .3.nodia. d : A ! 0 d#A = 0 3.32 IES EE 2004 Shop Online at www.(2 /2 ) is represented in integral form as B t 2 B : dl (A) # E : dl =. d : A = 0 d#A ! 0 2.3.co.in b 3 1 3 1 c 2 2 4 4 d 1 3 1 3 Match List I (Type of field denoted by A) with List II (Behaviour) and select the correct answer using the codes given below : List I List II m v a b c d A static electric field in a charge free region A static electric field in a charged region 1. d : A = 0 d#A = 0 Codes : (A) (B) (C) (D) MCQ 6.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 367 For View Only Codes : a (A) 4 (B) 4 (C) 2 (D) 2 MCQ 6.# (B) # E : dl =.34 IES EE 2003 Maxwell equation d # E =.2 # B : dl (D) # E # dl =. d : A ! 0 d#A ! 0 4. ga te a 4 4 2 2 b 2 2 4 4 c 3 1 3 1 d 1 3 1 3 (B) Gauss’s Law : he A time-varying electric field in a charged medium with time-varying magnetic field (C) Coulomb’s Law : (D) Stoke’s Theorem : MCQ 6.33 IES EE 2003 Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched ? (A) Gauss Theorem : # D : ds = # d : Ddv s ww w.

1 V (C) 0.0.4t) milli-Webers IES EE 2002 where t is in seconds.3.39 IES EE 2001 Assertion (A) : The relationship between Magnetic Vector potential A and the current density J in free space is d # (d # A) = m0 J GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3. g he (D) 2 only 1. The induced e.36 IES EE 2002 (D) .jweE MCQ 6. 3.35 The magnetic flux through each turn of a 100 turn coil is (t3 . both E and H have the time dependence e jwt and regions of interest are free of charge.4 V 2.37 IES EE 2002 at e Joule heating does not occur in any coil For linear isotropic materials.4 V MCQ 6. If the planes of the coils are perpendicular to the field lines. the following statements are made : .v (B) d : D = rv t 2 B E (C) d : E =-2 (D) # H : dl = # b sE + e2 l : ds 2 t 2 t s Select the correct answer using the codes given below : (A) 2 and 4 (B) 1 alone (C) 1 and 3 (D) 1 and 4 MCQ 6. an e.f is induced in the split coil 2 lp.38 IES EE 2002 Which of the following equations is/are not Maxwell’s equations(s) ? 2 r (A) d : J =.3. The value of d # H is given by (A) sE (B) jweE (C) sE + jweE (D) sE .3. co m Two conducting coils 1 and 2 (identical except that 2 is split) are placed in a uniform magnetic field which decreases at a constant rate as in the figure.nodia.m.fs are induced in both coils equal Joule heating occurs in both coils Which of the above statements is/are true ? (A) 1 and 4 (B) 2 and 4 (C) 3 only MCQ 6.co.in MCQ 6.m. e.m.368 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www. 4.f at t = 2 s is (A) 1 V (B) .3.

in For a magnetic field in free space due to a dc or slowly varying current is d2 A =. co m .m0 J Reason (R) : For magnetic field due to dc or slowly varying current d : A = 0 . C2. C l3 and C l4 carrying time varying current I (t) respectively : lp. 2 t Reason (R) : The equation will be consistent with the principle of conservation of charge.3.co.nodia. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (D) A is false but R is true (C) A is true but R is false MCQ 6.3. C 3 and C 4 (shown in the given figures) which are placed in the time-varying electric field E (t) and electric field produced by the coils C l2. the additional term 2 is necessary.41 IES EE 2001 The electric field will induce an emf in the coils (A) C1 and C2 (B) C2 and C 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 6.40 IES EE 2001 D Given that d # H = J + 2 2 t D Assertion (A) : In the equation.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 369 For View Only Shop Online at www. ga te he Consider coils C1.

d E =-2 # 2 t co Match List I (Law/quantity) with List II (Mathematical expression) and select the correct answer : m . d H = J + 2 # c 2 t *********** he F = q ^E + v # B h lp.co.42 IES EE 2001 Shop Online at www.3. Gauss’s law List II 1.in (D) C2 and C 4 A circular loop is rotating about the y -axis as a diameter in a magnetic field B = B 0 sin wtax Wb/m2 . d : D = r c. Poynting vector GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.nodia. The induced emf in the loop is (A) due to transformer emf only (B) due to motional emf only (C) due to a combination of transformer and motional emf (D) zero MCQ 6. 4. Faraday’s law 3. Ampere’s law B 2.370 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only (C) C1 and C 3 MCQ 6. b.3.43 IES EE 2001 List I a. g Codes : a (A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 1 (D) 3 b 2 5 5 2 c 4 2 2 4 at e d 3 1 3 1 D 5. P = E#H d.

1.co.4 Option (B) is correct.2 Option (C) is correct. d # E =-2 2 t and since the magnetic flux density is equal to the curl of magnetic vector potential i. the relation between electric field and magnetic field is B d # E =-2 2 t GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 371 For View Only SOLUTIONS 6.1.3 SOL 6.5 Option (A) is correct.e. Option (B) is correct. magnetostatic field is caused by steady currents. we get d # E =. putting it in equation (1).2 A l 2t A Therefore.e.nodia. co m (Stokes Theorem) Thus.e. SOL 6. for the constant current. E =-2 2 t # B : dS S = # (d : B) dv = 0 v he lp. From Faraday’s law the electric field intensity in a time varying field is defined as B where B is magnetic flux density in the EM field. The line integral of magnetic field intensity along a closed loop is equal to the current enclosed by it.1 SOL 6.2 ^d # Ah 2 t or d # E = d # b. Since total magnetic flux through a surface S is defined as F = From Maxwell’s equation it is known that curl of magnetic flux density is zero d:B = 0 ww w. i.1 Shop Online at www. B = d#A So.1. H : dl = Ienc So. From Faraday’s law.1. magnetic field intensity will be constant i. # SOL 6. ga te # B : dS S Option (D) is correct.1. net outwards flux will be zero for a closed surface.in SOL 6.

g Option (A) is correct.e.1.nodia.e. i. E = 0 ) J =0 Since the net current density inside the superconductor is zero so all the current must be confined at the surface of the wire. Therefore this is the correct configuration.7 SOL 6. i. as the flux Bd is decreasing with time so the change in flux is in opposite direction to Bd as well as the current I flowing in the loop produces the magnetic field in opposite direction so it also does not follow the Lenz’s law. According to Lenz’s law the induced current I in a loop flows such as to produce a magnetic field that opposes the change in B (t).372 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www. SOL 6.(d E)= 0 B # 2 t Therefore B (r.e. B = 0 and E = 0 Now from Ampere-Maxwell equation we have the relation between the magnetic flux density and electric field intensity as E d # B = m0 J + m0 e02 2 t So. E =0 So the rate of change in magnetic flux density will be 2 =.1. From the integral form of Faraday’s law we have the relation between the electric field intensity and net magnetic flux through a closed loop as E : dl =.in Since the electric field inside a conducting sphere is zero. the rate of change in net magnetic flux through the closed loop is dF = 0 dt i.6 SOL 6. t) will be uniform inside the sphere and independent of time. So. (B = 0 . For the configuration shown in option (D). Option (B) is correct. at e he lp. For the configuration shown in option (C). A superconductor material carries zero magnetic field and zero electric field inside it.dF dt Since electric field intensity is zero (E = 0 ) inside the conducting loop. F is constant and doesn’t vary with time. Now the configuration shown in option (A) and (B) for increasing magnetic flux Bi .1. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. # co m .co. the change in flux is in same direction to Bi as well as the current I flowing in the loop produces magnetic field in the same direction so it does not follow the Lenz’s law. the flux density Bd is decreasing with time so the change in flux is in opposite direction to Bd but the current I flowing in the loop produces magnetic field in the same direction to Bd (opposite to the direction of change in flux density).8 Option (A) is correct.

12 Option (A) is correct.11 SOL 6. # # 1 1 y=0 z=0 Option (B) is correct. Magnetic flux density produced at a distance r from a long straight wire carrying current I is defined as mI B = 0 af 2pr where af is the direction of flux density as determined by right hand rule.dF dt where F is the total magnetic flux passing through the loop. the flux through loop will remain constant.1. Therefore.2t dt Therefore at time t = 2 sec the induced emf is Vemf =. the voltage induced in the loop will be zero. Induced emf in a conducting loop is given by where F is total magnetic flux passing through the loop. Thus. Again the field is in ay direction and the loop is rotating about z -axis so flux through the loop will also vary due to the motion of the loop.1. Vemf =.9 Option (A) is correct.nodia. This causes the emf which is called motion emf. total induced voltage in the rotating loop is caused by the combination of both the transformer and motion emf.co. Thus. So the flux density produced by straight wire at a distance r from it is mI (an is unit vector normal to the loop) B = 0 an 2pr Therefore the total magnet flux passing through the loop is d+a m I 0 (dS = adran ) adr F = B : dS = 2pr d where dr is width of the strip of loop at a distance r from the straight wire. So the induced emf in the square loop is d (t2) ( F = t2 ) Vemf ==.1. m . The magnetic flux density passing through the loop is given as B = 4z3 t2 ax Since the flux density is directed normal to the plane x = 0 so the total magnetic flux passing through the square loop located in the plane x = 0 is (4z3 t2) dydz = t2 (dS = (dydz) ax ) # co Option (D) is correct.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 373 For View Only Shop Online at www.4 volt # he F = # B : dS = lp. SOL 6.1.dF dt Since. As the conducting loop is falling freely So.in SOL 6.10 SOL 6. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. ga te Induced emf in a loop placed in magnetic field is defined as Vemf =. the magnetic field is non-uniform so the change in flux will be caused by it and the induced emf due to it is called transformer emf.

0.1taz Wb/m2 So.1. Thus.15 Option (D) is correct. the positive terminal of voltage will be a and Vab will be positive. V1 = b 2 l (.Vemf Therefore. A ring of pipe below the magnet experiences an increasing upward flux as the magnet approaches and hence by Lenz’s law a current will be induced in it such as to produce downward flux.1t The induced emf (voltage) in the loop is given as df Vemf ==.14 Option (B) is correct.Vemf ) = 0.3 mV 3 2+4 and V2 = b 4 l (. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. electric field will be directed from b to a as determined by right hand rule for the cross vector. Since opposite currents repel each other so. the voltage drop in the two resistances are respectively. Suppose the current I in the magnet flows counter clockwise (viewed from above) as shown in figure.5) = 4. So no current is induced in them.Vemf ) = 66.in m0 (5) m0 I dr m0 I 3 F = b 2p l r = 2p ln b 2 l = 2p ln (1. Iind must flow clockwise which is opposite to the current in the magnet. SOL 6.2 Volt dt As determined by Lenz’s law the polarity of induced emf will be such that V1 + V2 =.1 = 33. Electric field intensity experienced by the moving conductor ab in the presence of magnetic field B is given as where v is the velocity of the conductor.13 a Thus.5) 2 = (2 # 10-7) (5) ln (1. the voltage difference between the two ends of the conductor is given as .1.374 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www. g at e he lp.co. Therefore. Consider a magnet bar being dropped inside a pipe as shown in figure. So near the ends of pipe.1. And flux through the rings next to the magnet bar is constant. E = v#B So.nodia.1t h^1 h = 0. it’s field points upward. Meanwhile a ring above the magnet experiences a decreasing upward flux.7 mV 2+4 co Vab =- # E : dl b m Option (D) is correct. Given magnetic flux density through the square loop is B = 0. total magnetic flux passing through the loop is F = B : dS = ^0. SOL 6. so it’s induced current parallel to I and it attracts magnet upward. the force exerted on the magnet due to the induced current is directed upward.05 # 10-7 Wb # 3 SOL 6.

1. change in flux will be same for both the coil. Again V2 =.17 Option (A) is correct. Thus. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. for all we can say that the force exerted by the eddy current (induced current according to Lenz’s law) on the magnet is in upward direction which causes the delay to reach the bottom.1. co m . ga te V1 =.in SOL 6.N2 dF dt Since both the coil are in same magnetic field so. The magnetic flux density inside a solenoid of n turns per unit length carrying current I is defined as B = m0 nI Let the length of solenoid be l and its cross sectional radius be r . So.N1 dF dt where F is total magnetic flux passing through it.2 volt 5000 N1 Voltage. So it reaches in fraction of time.16 SOL 6.nodia. Whereas in the cases of unmagnetized bar no induced current is formed. Option (B) is correct.co. he lp. A and R both true and R is correct explanation of A. Thus. Comparing the equations (1) and (2) we get V1 = N1 V2 N2 V2 = V1 N2 = (12) 3000 = 7.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 375 For View Only Shop Online at www. the total magnetic flux through the solenoid is (1) F = (m0 nI) (pr2) (nl) Since the total magnetic flux through a coil having inductance L and carrying current I is given as F = LI So comparing it with equation (1) we get.

the magnetic field will be in circumferential while the electric field is longitudinal.20 Option (B) is correct. the induced emf is Vemf = 0 and therefore the induced current in the loop will be zero. The magnetic flux density inside the solenoid is defined as B = m0 nI where n " no.nodia. of turns of the two coils respectively. the net magnetic flux through the two coils are respectively F1 = N1 F and F2 = N2 F where F is the magnetic flux through a single loop of either coil and N1 .dF1 =. So. g Option (B) is correct. Since the resistance R is looped over the solenoid so total flux through the loop will be equal to the total flux through the solenoid and therefore the induced emf in the loop of resistance will be Vemf =. It will be similar to the current in a solenoid. co m Option (A) is correct.dF dt where F is the total magnetic flux passing through the loop.1. In Assertion (A) the magnetic flux through each turn of both coils are equal So.pa2 m0 n dI dt Since current I flowing in the solenoid is constant so.1. N2 are the total no. at e where a " radius of solenoid Induced emf in a loop placed in a magnetic field is defined as Vemf =. radius r and length l is constant therefore L \ n2 SOL 6. So the total magnetic flux through the solenoid is .376 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only 2 2 Shop Online at www.N1 dF dt dt dF2 =.19 SOL 6.18 F = # B : dS = (m0 nI) (pa2) SOL 6.co. of turns per unit length I " current flowing in it. the ratio of the induced emf in the two loops are Vemf 2 = N2 Vemf 1 N1 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. he lp.1. Therefore the induced emf in the two coils are Vemf 1 =.in L = m0 n Ip l and as for a given solenoid.N dF Vemf 2 =2 dt dt Thus.

both the statements are correct but R is not the explanation of A.5 # 108 = 153.C. Option (B) is correct.23 Option (A) is correct. E : (de) + e (d : E) = 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .1. putting it in equation (1) we get.in Now. rv = 0 So.21 SOL 6. 20 sin ^1.nodia.3 sin ^1.5 # 108 t h ay A/m2 So.1. field present in the medium so.33 # 10-7 sin ^1. any desired secondary emf can be obtained. ga te D = Option (D) is correct. the ratio of amplitudes of conduction current density and displacement current density is Jc = s we Jd co m (C " constant) As there is no D. Electric flux density in the medium is given as ( E = E 0 cos wt ) D = eE = eE 0 cos wt Therefore the displacement current density in the medium is D Jd = 2 =. we get C = 0 and thus. in Reason (R) : a primitive transformer is similar to the cylinder core carrying wound coils. d : (eE) = 0 or.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 377 For View Only Shop Online at www.5 # 108 t h ay 1. It is the device in which by choosing the appropriate no. of turns. the electric flux density in a medium is defined as (where e is the permittivity of the medium) D = eE So.5 # 10 t h a dt + C d 8 y he lp. Given the volume charge density.22 ww w. The displacement current density in a medium is equal to the rate of change in electric flux density in the medium. D Jd = 2 2 t Since the displacement current density in the medium is given as Jd = 20 cos ^1.co. SOL 6.5 # 108 t h D = ay = 1.5 # 108 t h ay nC/m2 SOL 6.weE 0 sin wt 2 t and the conduction current density in the medium is Jc = sE = sE 0 cos wt So. the electric flux density in the medium is # J dt + C = # 20 cos ^1. So. from Maxwell’s equation we have d : D = rv (1) d:D = 0 Now.1.

f = 50 GHz Permittivity. e = 4e0 = 4 # 8.378 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only and since Therefore. SOL 6.25 Option (D) is correct. Given the electric field intensity in time domain as sin q cos ^wt .6 rad/m lp.jk h sin q e-jkr af r kdr r Therefore.in (given) SOL 6. In phasor form the magnetic field intensity can be written as Hs = 0. 0 e d:E . Option (C) is correct. Given frequency. ^15ph2 + b2 = c 6p # 10 m 8 3 # 10 2 2 ^15ph + b = 400p2 b2 = 175p2 & b = ! 23. from Maxwell’s equation we get the magnetic field intensity as Hs =-d # Es = k sin q e-jkr af wr0 r jwr0 Option (B) is correct.14 # 108 s/m So. g at e *********** he SOL 6.1.1.85 # 10-12 Conductivity.co.26 ww GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.nodia.1 cos ^15py h e-jbx az A/m Similar as determined in MCQ 42 using Maxwell’s equation we get the relation ^15ph2 + b2 = w2 p0 e0 Here w = 6p # 109 9 2 So.14 # 108 co m . The ratio of magnitudes of displacement current to conduction current in any medium having permittivity e and conductivity s is given as Displacement current = we s Conduction current where w is the angular frequency of the current in the medium. s = 1. 0 &4 e .kr h E = aq r So.75 10-8 # Ic 1. the electric field intensity in phasor form is given as Es = sin q e-jkr a q r and d # Es = 1 2 ^rE qs h af = ^.1.85 # 10-12 = 9. w = 2pf = 2p # 50 # 109 = 100p # 109 Therefore. the ratio of magnitudes of displacement current to the conduction current is Id = 100p # 109 # 4 # 8.24 de . 0 Shop Online at www.

1) (2) (5) =.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 379 For View Only SOLUTIONS 6. Thus. the current in the loop is (.nodia.2. Consider the bar be located at a distance x from the resistor at time t . Magnetic flux density produced at a distance r from a long straight wire carrying current I is defined as mI B = 0 af 2pr where af is the direction of flux density as determined by right hand rule. Therefore the induced emf in the square loop is ( F = Blx ) Vemf =. So the total magnetic flux passing through the loop at time t is m (area of the loop is S = lx ) . So.dF dt where F is the total magnetic flux passing through the loop. in the conducting loop formed by rail.co.Bl dx dt dt Since from the given figure.1 Wb/m2 and dx/dt = velocity of bar = 5 m/s So.(0.23 A 10 R he lp. bar and the resistor is given by Vemf =.2. Induced emf.1 SOL 6.in SOL 6. F = # B : dS = Blx co Option (D) is correct.2 Shop Online at www. As the bar moves away from the resistor the change in magnetic field will be out of the page so the induced current will be in the same direction of I shown in figure. induced emf is Vemf =.2 Option (B) is correct.d (Blx) =. the magnetic flux density produced by the straight conducting wire linking through the GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. ga te Now the induced emf in a loop placed in magnetic field is defined as Vemf =.dF dt where F is total magnetic flux passing through the loop.1 volt According to Lenz’s law the induced current I in a loop flows such as to produce magnetic field that opposes the change in B (t). we have l = 2 m and B = 0.1) (R = 10W ) I =-Vemf == 0.

Vemf =. total flux passing through the loop is given by 4 m0 I (dS = adr ) F = B : dS = c 2pr m^adrh S r=2 m Ia 4 dr m I2 mI = 0 = 0 ln 2 = 0 ln (2) p 2p 2p 2 r The current flowing in the loop is Iloop and induced e.dF =. Since total magnetic flux through the loop depends on the distance from the straight wire and the distance is constant.6 # 5 = 6 m = lp. I = 30 A ) # # .5 mvolt he # m0 Ia r+a ln b r l 2p The induced emf due to the change in flux (when pulled away) is given as m Ia r+a Vemf =. w. Magnetic flux density produced at a distance r from a long straight wire carrying current I is defined as mI B = 0 af 2pr where af is the direction of flux density as determined by right hand rule.ln b 2p dt r lE dt dr 1 dr m Ia Therefore. so after 0. if it is pulled parallel to the straight wire.2. So the flux linking through the loop will be constant. co m (a = 2 m. Now consider a strip of width dr of the square loop at distance r from the wire for which the total magnetic flux linking through the square loop is given as F = # B : dS mI 1 (adr) = r 2p # S 0 r+a r (area of the square loop is dS = adr ) So.380 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www. is Vemf .3 ww SOL 6.f.co.2.nodia. Vemf =- SOL 6. Since the direction of magnetic flux density produced at the loop is normal to the surface of the loop So.0 d .4 Option (B) is correct.m.in loop is normal to the surface of the loop.6 sec it will be at (v " velocity of the loop ) r = 3 + (0. Therefore the induced emf in the loop is (F is constant) Vemf =.0 c 1 2p r + a dt r dt m dr Given = velocity of loop = 5 m/s dt and since the loop is currently located at 3 m distance from the straight wire.6) # v = 3 + 0.6 (5)D 2p = 25 # 10-7 volt = 2.dF = 0 dt Option (D) is correct. g GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e m0 # (30) # 2 1 1 : 8 (5) .

ln (2) dI p dt dt where Q is the total charge passing through a corner of square loop.co. SOL 6.2.0 ln (2) dI =.in co m # . the total flux passing through the small loop is 25m0 2 wherer is radius of small circular loop. mI R2 So.nodia.77 # 10-7 C = 277 nC 4p Option (A) is correct.e. So. Vemf = Iloop R =. m dQ (R = 4 W ) =.2.dF dt m0 dQ (R) =. the flux density through the small loop will be constant and equal to the flux on the axis of the loops. B = 0 a 2 ^z2 + R2h3/2 z Shop Online at www. Electric field in any medium is equal to the voltage drop per unit length. Since the radius of small circular loop is negligible in comparison to the radius of the large loop.0 ln (2) (0 . F = B : dS = # pr 13h3 ^ -7 = 25 # 4p # 10 # p ^10-3h2 = 65.5 SOL 6. E =V d where V " potential difference between two points.0 ln (2) dI 4p Therefore the total charge passing through a corner of square loop is 0 m m Q =. The voltage difference between any two points in the medium is V = V0 cos 2pft So the conduction current density in the medium is given as ( s " conductivity of the medium) Jc = sE =E r V cos 2pft =V = 0 rd rd ( r " resistivity of the medium) (V = V0 cos 2pft) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.0 ln (2) dI 4p dt dt m dQ =.9 fWb 3 ^13h where he lp. ga te # R " radius of large loop = 5 m z " distance between the loops = 12 m (5) 2 25m0 2 m az B = 0# # 3/2 a z = 2 ^13h3 12h2 + ^5 h2@ 6^ Therefore.6 Option (C) is correct.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 381 For View Only So. d " distance between the two points.4) 4p 4p 4 -7 = 4 # 4p # 10 ln (2) = 2. i.

co.k and the current through R1 and R2 will be Iind =.kRA RA + RB and VB =.7 co m . the induced current in the loop will be opposite to the direction of current in solenoid (in anticlockwise direction). where k is a constant. RB is Vemf =. i.85 # 10-12) # 0. Jc = V0 rd and displacement current density in the medium is given as V cos (2pft) D E Jd = 2 = e2 = e 2 .6 # 108) # (54 # 8.nodia. Shop Online at www. I\t So the net magnetic flux through the solenoid will be F\t or.in SOL 6.77 = 2. So.382 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only or.2pft sin (2pft)@ d 2pf eV0 or.e. F = kt Therefore the emf induced in the loop consisting resistances RA . Jd = d Therefore.2.7 Option (C) is correct. VA = Iind RA =.Iind RB = b kRB l RA + RB Thus. of turns per unit length of solenoid and I is the current flowing in the solenoid. 0 (V = V0 cos 2pft) E d 2 t 2 t t 2 = eV0 6. the ratio of amplitudes of conduction current and displacement current in the medium is JC Ic (V0) / (rd) = = = 1 2pfer Jd Id (d) / (2pfeV0) 1 = 2p # (1.e. Since the solenoid carries current that is increasing linearly with time i. Total magnetic flux through the solenoid is given as F = m0 nI where n is the no. g at e he lp.k R1 + R 2 Now according to Lenz’s law the induced current I in a loop flows such as to produce a magnetic field that opposes the change in B (t). the ratio of voltmeter readings is VA =.RA VB RB GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.dF dt Vemf =.

Therefore. As obtained in the previous question the current flowing in the sliding bar is I =.40ay N 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he 5 lp.nodia.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 383 For View Only Shop Online at www.40 volt Therefore the current in the bar loop will be I = Vemf =. Induced emf in the conducting loop formed by rail.4 A Now we consider magnetic field acts in ax direction and current in the sliding bar is flowing in + az direction as shown in the figure.40 =.8 Option (C) is correct.Bl dx dt dt Since from the given figure.2.5 A 10 R SOL 6. the force exerted on the bar is F = ww w. co m .(2) (5) (4) =.9 # Option (B) is correct.16ay 6z @5 =. ga te # Idl # B = # (. The bar is located at a distance x from the resistor at time t . So the total magnetic flux passing through the loop at time t is where l is separation between the rails F = B : dS = Blx Now the induced emf in a loop placed in magnetic field is defined as Vemf =. we have l =5m B = 2T and dx/dt " velocity of bar = 4 m/s So.co.dF dt where F is total magnetic flux passing through the loop.dF dt where F is the total magnetic flux passing through the loop. bar and the resistor is given by Vemf =.in SOL 6.4dza ) # (2a ) 0 z x =.d (Blx) =.2. induced emf is Vemf =. Therefore the induced emf in the square loop is ( F = Blx ) Vemf =.

SOL 6.30c) az@(1 # 1) (.384 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.f.nodia. Now when the bar is located at a distance dx from the voltmeter.5 # 120p sin (120pt .4. then.6 8t ^1 + 0. g # SOL 6.35 volt he = 6.30c) Now.2t2) 3 dt 2 (t = 0.30c) lp.4h + ^0. So the voltmeter reading will be V = Vemf =.7 sin (120pt .12 Option (C) is correct.e.in i.2.6 6^0.4t3h2 # (1 + 1.4t2h So for the position x = 12 cm we have GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww at e # SOL 6.2) (0. Given the magnetic flux density through the square loop is B = 7.5 # 120p sin (120pt .1. the induced e.4 sec ) Vemf =.dF = 7.11 Option (D) is correct. the total magnetic flux passing through the loop is 3 1.5 cos (120pt .6 # 3 ^t + 0. As shown in figure the bar is sliding away from origin.30c) az So the total magnetic flux passing through the loop will be F = # B : dS S w.10 Option (A) is correct. Since the position of bar is give as x = t ^1 + 0.0.2.30c) dt The polarity of induced emf (according to Lenz’s law) will be such that induced current in the loop will be in opposite direction to the current I (t) shown in the figure. the induced emf in the square loop is given by Vemf =.35 volt Since the voltmeter is connected in same manner as the direction of induced emf (determined by Lenz’s law).7. co m .co.30c) 500 =.az ) = 7.4) 2@ =.m.1. So we have I (t) =-Vemf R (R = 250 + 250 = 500 W) =. the vector area of the loop formed by rail and the bar is dS = (20 # 10-2) (dx) az So.5 cos (120pt . in the loop is given as Vemf =.0.7.4t2hB x -2 2 F = B : dS = (8x az ) (20 # 10 dxaz ) = 3 S 0 Therefore.5 cos (120pt .2.dF =.4h4@ # 61 + (1. The force exerted on the sliding bar is in opposite direction to the motion of the sliding bar.

6 7(0.I1 u (t .4 mvolt Shop Online at www.1193h3A 61 + ^1.. So applying KVL in the rectangular loop we get.2.4 mV Since the voltmeter is connected in same manner as the direction of induced emf as determined by Lenz’s law.23. the induced emf in the loop at a particular time t is Vemf =-^1.2h^0.T) t > T \ L Plotting i2 versus t we get m .12 = t ^1 + 0.4 ^0. at t = 0.(1) M di1 = L di2 + Ri2 dt dt Now from the shown figure (b).1193 sec . . the current flowing in the straight wire is given as (I1 is amplitude of the current) i1 = I1 u (t) . 1 1 dt di1 = I So.M I1 e-^R/Lh(t .in GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1193h2@ =.nodia.4t3@2 ^1 + 1. 2 Vemf =.6h6t + 0.1193) + 0. the current in the rectangular loop is Z ] M I1 e-^R/Lht 0<t<T ] L i2 = [ ].2t2h So..I d (t .(R/L)(t .13 Option (D) is correct. ga te he lp. the voltmeter reading at x = 12 cm will be V = Vemf =. t = 0.23.02344 =.MI1 = L di2 + Ri2 dt Solving it we get for t > T i2 =. Therefore.T) (2) or.4t h or.T) L Thus. at t = 0 1 dt and (from equation (1)) MI1 = L di2 + Ri2 dt Solving it we get for 0 < t < T i2 = M I1 e-^R/Lht L Again in equation (2) at t = T we have di1 =.co. co SOL 6. Consider the mutual inductance between the rectangular loop and straight wire be M .T) di1 = I d (t) .1.M I1 e.1193 sec As calculated in previous question.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 2 385 For View Only 0.0.I 1 dt and (from equation (1)) .

dF l R R dt 0.15 Option (C) is correct.2 cos wtax@ : 60.5 # 10 4 sin ^3 # 108 t .cos wt h m ) = 0.y) ax@ co Option (D) is correct.2x h ay mC/m2 So.2.5 ^1 .05 .386 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.33 sin ^3 # 108 t . bar and the rails is given as: m .nodia.0.cos wt h@ cos wt = 0.0.2.y az 2 x GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.0. # 2 t 2 E =.w sin wt . the induced emf in the loop is Vemf =.1 b.dF dt and as determined by Lenz’s law.5 ^1 .1 61 .85 # 10-12 = 1.0.2w cos wt sin wt = @ 5 6 =.05 cos wt ^1 + cos wt h = 0. Total magnetic flux passing through the loop formed by the resistance.2x h ( er = 10 ) or.5 (1 .co.14 F = # B : dS S SOL 6. Given the electric flux density in the medium is D = 1.23w sin wt ^1 + 2 cos wt h at e he lp.05 ^cos wt + cos2 wt h So.d E B or. = B : S = 60. from maxwell’s equation we have B d # E =-2 2 t 2 =.2x h ay Now. g (y = 0. the electric field intensity in the medium is given as where e is the permittivity of the medium E =D e 1.in SOL 6. E = D = ay er e0 10 # 8.33 # 10-6 sin ^3 # 108 t . the induced current will be flowing in opposite direction to the current i . So the current i in the loop will be i =-Vemf =.0.

Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 387 For View Only Shop Online at www. the magnetic flux density in the medium is 2 B =.0.bx h ay (e = 0. 2 So.bx h ay C/m2 10 and the electric field intensity in the medium is given as b 10t E =D = . we get the magnetic flux density in the medium as B = # 3 # 10 cos ^3 # 10 t .C.2) # 1010 We can also determine the value of magnetic flux density as : B = mH GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. ^ h y 2 y x 2 t lp.b sin ^10 he Option (D) is correct.2 cos ^10 .0. Given the magnetic field intensity in the medium is H = cos ^1010 t .b sin ^1010t . we get C = 0 and therefore.bx h dt + C co 3 = 3 # 108 sin ^3 # 108 t .in =.2x h ay 3 # 10 = 10-5 sin ^3 # 108 t .bx h az (1. ga te D = # .0.b sin 1010 t .2x h ay = 3 # 103 cos ^3 # 108 t .b sin ^1010t . we have D d # H =2 2 t H 2 =-2 z a =.12 nF/m ) -9 10 cos ^10 e 0.0.5 # 10 4h cos ^3 # 108 t .0.co.2x h = 2 # 4p # 10-7 Thus H = 2 sin ^3 # 108 t . D = b10 cos ^1010 t .nodia.0.12 # 10 # 10 Again From the Maxwell’s equation B d # E =-2 2 t 2 =.bx a D or. 2 b2 (1) = cos ^1010 t . # .0.bx h ayD 2 t 2 =.2x h ay A/m m mr = 2 where C is a constant.(.2x h ay Tesla Therefore the magnetic field intensity in the medium is H =B= B m mr m0 -5 10 sin ^3 # 108 t . field is present in the medium so.2.bx h az 1.0.16 Since no D. 10 t .2x h ay Integrating both sides.d B b 10t or.2) # ^1.bx h az A/m Now from the Maxwell’s equation.2x ha 3 8 y SOL 6. # :1.bx h az dt 1.

53 # 10-15 .1 0.1 + 4. b2 = 3 # 10-5 (1. So.388 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation -5 10 Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.1 m0 8 ^t . (1) A = ^80t .0.8 # 10 8 6x @-.1 -7 0.nodia.1 x2 + 4 -0.5.53 # 10-15 or.2.3 # 10-4 nWb/m From equation (1) it is clear that A will be linearly increasing with respect to time.6 # 10 4 b = ! 344 rad/m SOL 6. g # # at e # he # lp.3 # 10-7h ax nWb/m -9 So.0.01 o .co.2) # 1010 b2 = 5. we have R = x2 + 4 and c = 3 # 108 m/s 0.6 n sec and when t = 0 A =.5. Therefore the plot of A versus t is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww The magnetic vector potential for a direct current flowing in a filament is given as m0 I a dx A= 4p R x Here current I (t) flowing in the filament shown in figure is varying with time as I (t) = 8t A So.1 8m t 1 dx dx = 0< c F 4p -0. the retarded vector potential at the point P will be given as m0 I ^t . # co m . = 8 # 10-7 t ln e 0.1 0.1 + 4.0.1 01 = 8 # 10-7 t 8ln ^x + x2 + 4 hB-0. when A = 0 t = 6.6 # 10 = 6.bx h az Comparing the results of equation (1) and (2) we get.1 3 # 10 w.17 Option (B) is correct.R/c h Therefore.0.01 -8 = 8 # 10 t .in (2) = (3 # 10 ) cos ^10 t .R/c h ax dx A= 4pR where R is the distance of any point on the filamentary current from P as shown in the figure and c is the velocity of waves in free space.0.1 . ax dx A= 4p R x =.

x k azC = 0 c So.x h ay@ =0 It means the field satisfies Maxwell’s equation if rv = 0 . satisfies Maxwell’s equation D (iii) d # H = J +2 2 t GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. SOL 6. (ii) d:B = 0 Now.x h ay So. (i) d : D = rv or. the magnetic field intensity in the medium is ( m0 is the permittivity of the medium) H =B m0 (2) = 1 at .Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 389 For View Only Shop Online at www. (from equation (4)) rv = d : 6e0 ^ct .t k ax Wb/m c Now the magnetic flux density in the medium is given as B = d#A m .2 2 t (3) =-^x . A = y a x .x k az Tesla c 2 y So.in Note : Time varying potential is usually called the retarded potential. (from equation (1)) d : B = d : 9at .18 2 A (1) =.ct h ay . it already. V = y ^x .x h ay C/m2 Now we determine the condition for the field to satisfy all the four Maxwell’s equation. ga te he lp.x k az A/m c m0 and the electric field intensity in the medium is given as A E =.dV . Given Retarded scalar potential.yax + yax = ^ct .nodia.y az = at .co.2.ct h volt and retarded vector potential. co Option (A) is correct. the electric flux density in the medium is ( e0 is the permittivity of the medium) D = e0 E (4) = e0 ^ct .

in e0 a H Now. m0 e0 = 1 l c GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .390 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only SOL 6.1 ^d # Es h = jwm0 wm0 < 2 x 2 yF y x j = 50p cos ^10py h e-jbx ax + j5b sin ^10py h ay@ e-jbx wm0 6 Again from Maxwell’s equation we have the electric field intensity as 2 H H Es = 1 ^d # Hs h = 1 < sy . the electric field intensity is (1) Es = 5 sin ^10py h e-jbx az From Maxwell’s equation we get the magnetic field intensity as j 2 sz E a .az 2 z x 2 =a B z 2 t So. it already satisfies Maxwell’s equation. b2 + 100p2 = w2 m0 e0 ww b2 + 100p2 = ^6p # 109h2 # b2 + 100p2 = 400p2 w. Thus. g at e he lp.2 sz a E Hs =. co m 9 b w = 6p # 10 . Given the electric field in time domain as E = 5 sin ^10py h cos ^6p # 109 .bx h az We get.co. w = 6p # 109 Now in phasor form.jb) sin (10py) e-jbx + (50p) (10p) sin (10py) e-jbx@ az w m0 e0 = 2 1 65b2 + 500p2@ sin 10pye-jbx az w m0 e0 Comparing this result with equation (1) we get 1 ^5b2 + 500p2h = 5 w2 m0 e0 or. (from equation (2)) d # H =-2 z ay = 1 ay = m0 c m0 y 2 x and from equation (4) we have e0 a 2 = e ca = D (Since in free space c = 1 ) 0 y m0 y 2 t m0 e0 Putting the two results in Maxwell’s equation. by combining all the results we get the two required conditions as J = 0 and rv = 0 for the field to satisfy Maxwell’s equation.nodia. 1 3 # 108h2 ^ Shop Online at www. we get the condition J =0 B (iv) d # E =-2 2 t 2 y E Now d#E = a =.2 sx F az jwe0 jwe0 2 2 x y = 2 1 6(j5b) (.19 Option (B) is correct.2.bx h az Comparing it with the general equation for electric field intensity given as E = E 0 cos ^wt .

comparing the x.B z a x So. putting it in Lorentz force equation we get F = q ^E + V # B h or. y and z components of the two sides we get Bx + Bz = 1 and By = 0 as calculated above Bz = 0 . the electric field intensity in the medium is E = ay + az V/m SOL 6.2.By a x .nodia. the magnetic flux density in the region is (Bx = 1. ga te Option (D) is correct. comparing the x. As calculated in previous question the magnetic flux density in the region is B = ax Wb/m2 So.By a z + B z ay So. putting the given three forces and their corresponding velocities in above equation we get the following relations (1) q ^ay + az h = q ^E + ax # B h (2) qay = q ^E + ay # B h (3) q ^2ay + az h = q ^E + az # B h Subtracting equation (2) from (1) we get (4) az = ^ax . The force experienced by a test charge q in presence of both electric field E and magnetic field B in the region will be evaluated by using Lorentz force equation as F = q ^E + v # B h So.ay h # B and subtracting equation (1) from (3) we get (5) ay = ^az . q ^ay + az h = q ^E + ax # ax h Therefore.2. we get ay = B x ay .21 Option (A) is correct.2. Given the magnetic flux density through the loop is B =. y and z components of the two sides we get B x + By = 1 and Bz = 0 Again by substituting B = Bx ax + By ay + Bz az in eq (5). therefore Bx = 1 Thus.22 Option (D) is correct.B z ay + B x a z .4/x az So the total magnetic flux passing through the loop is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.ax h # B Now we substitute B = Bx ax + By ay + Bz az in eq (4) to get a z = By a z .20 2 2 Shop Online at www.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 391 For View Only b = 300p b = ! 300 p rad/m SOL 6.co. co m . By = Bz = 0 ) B = ax Wb/m2 he lp.in SOL 6.

dF = 0 dt C or.nodia. g at e So. the induced electric field circulation for the region r < 4 m is given as E : dl =.d b B : dS l dt dt C d 2 sin wt pr2 .2. At any distance r from origin in the region 4 < r < 5 m .22 dx l x + 2 x dt 8 8 = ^2 h = x ^x + 2h x ^x + 4h SOL 6. Option (D) is correct. for r < 4 m E =0 # he lp.in y+2 2 F = B : dS = b.dF =.p42 =.2.x az l : ^.23 m Therefore. As the magnetic flux density for r < 4 is B = 0 so.4x b.4 ln b x + 2 lE x dt dt C 4 d x+2 =x + 2 dt b x l b x l # dx b dt = v = 2ax l F = # B : dS = 0 SOL 6. the total flux passing through the closed loop defined by r = 4 m is . the circulation of induced electric field in the loop is E : dl =. the circulation of induced electric field is given as E : dl =.8 ^ hB dt ww # # GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.dF =.dxdyaz h x y x + 2 2 = 4 ln x + 2 = b 2 ln b x l x l^ h # # x+2 # co =.co.392 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.d .24 Option (B) is correct. As the magnetic field for the region r < 4 m and r > 5 m is zero so we get the distribution of magnetic flux density as shown in figure below.

(i) qE = q ^v # B h E = ^wrafh # ^2az h where w is angular velocity and r is radius of circular loop. For the region r > 5 m the magnetic flux density is 0 and so the total magnetic flux passing through the closed loop defined by r = 5 m is .18pw cos wt af 2pr 2 he # lp. Let the point change located at origin be Q and the current I is flowing out of the SOL 6. 4 z co 5 m SOL 6.2.2w cos wt ^pr .16ph 2 ^r2 .18pw cos wt So. Putting it in Eq.16h w cos wt E =2r So.p ^4h2B = 18p sin wt So.5 m is E =..16h w cos wt 4.27 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2 (^4..18 w cos wtaf r Option (D) is correct. the circulation of magnetic flux density for any loop in the region r > 5 m is dy E : dl =dt E (2pr) =.17 w cos wt 13 F = # B : dS = # B : dS + # B : dS = 0 + # ^2 sin wt h a : dS 0 0 4 5 5 4 SOL 6.in =.d ^18p sin wt h dt =. the induced electric field intensity in the region r > 5 m is E = .2.2. Let the test charge be q coulomb So the force presence of experienced by the test charge in the presence of magnetic field is . Shop Online at www.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 2 393 For View Only or.(i) F = q ^v # B h and the force experienced can be written in terms of the electric field intensity as F = qE Where E is field viewed by observer moving with test charge. 5 =. the induced electric field intensity at r = 4.co.25 Option (B) is correct. = ^2 h^2 h^2 h a r = 8a r V/m Option (A) is correct.2w cos wt ^pr2 .26 =.5) 2 .nodia. ga te = ^2 sin wt h8p ^5 h .16ph E ^2prh =.

as calculated in the question.7 mV Now V3 (voltmeter) which is directly connected to terminal cd is in parallel to GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .1t az are V1 = 33. As the current I flows away from the point charge along the wire. 31) so.394 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.co.I 8 8 Where as 6Ic@enc = I So. the net circulation of the magnetic field intensity around the closed triangular loop is at e # he # H : dl lp.67 mV = 66.3 mV and V2 = 66. (from equation (1)) 6Id@enc = dt b 8 l = 1 dt =.nodia.28 Option (C) is correct.2.I dt So the electric field intensity will also vary through the surface and for the varying field circulation of magnetic field intensity around the triangular loop is defined as w. g # H : dl C # = 6Id@enc + 6Ic@enc =.in page through the closed triangular path as shown in the figure. The distribution of magnetic flux density and the resistance in the circuit are same as given in section A (Q. ww = 6Id@enc + 6Ic@enc where 6Ic@enc is the actual flow of charge called enclosed conduction current and 6Id@enc is the current due to the varying field called enclosed displacement current which is given as d d (1) 6Id@enc = dt ^e0 E h : dS = dt D : dS S S From symmetry the total electric flux passing through the triangular surface is Q D : dS = 8 S dQ d Q So. the two voltage drops in the loop due to magnetic flux density B = 0. the net charge at origin will change with increasing time and given as dQ =.I + I = 7 ^8 h = 14 A 8 8 co # m (I = 8 A ) SOL 6.

7 mV F = # B : dS SOL 6. ga te # = ^B h^S h cos q = ^5 # 10-3h^20 # 10-3 # 20 # 10-3h cos q = 2 # 10-6 cos q Therefore the induced emf in the loop is Vemf =.nodia.2.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 395 For View Only Shop Online at www.1 sin q mA Option (A) is correct. the induced emf in the loop is Vemf =.30 Option (B) is correct. in this loop the induced emf will be produced which will be same as the field produced in loop abcd at the enclosed fluxes will be same. I = Vemf R -6 ( R = 40 mW ) = 4 sin q # 10 40 # 10-3 = 0. angle between B and dS is q since B is in ay direction so the total magnetic flux passing through the square loop is .Vemf = V1 + V3 or.dF dt where F is the total magnetic flux passing through the square loop At any time t .2. Vemf = ^2 # 10-6h sin q ^2 h = 4 # 10-6 sin q V/m = 24 sin q mV/m he lp.2. So. Therefore as calculated above induced emf in the loop of V3 is Vemf = 100 mV According to lenz’s law it’s polarity will be opposite to V3 and so .2 # 10-6 d ^cos qh = 2 # 10-6 sin q dq dt dt dt dq = angular velocity = 2 rad/ sec and as dt So.3 = 26.d 6(B 0 sin wt) (S) cos q@ dt dt SOL 6.dF =. co m SOL 6. As calculated in previous question the induced emf in the closed square loop is Vemf = 4 sin q mV/m So the induced current in the loop is where R is the resistance in the loop. The total magnetic flux through the square loop is given as F = B : dS = ^B 0 sin wt h^S h cos q So.co.29 Option (C) is correct. It must be kept in mind that the loop formed by voltmeter V3 and resistance 2 W also carries the magnetic flux density crossing through it. The induced emf in a closed loop is defined as Vemf =.in both V2 and V1 .31 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.33. V3 = 100 .dF =.

10 sin 120pt h = 12p2 sin 120pt As determined by Lenz’s law the polarity of induced e.m.B 0 S cos 2wt Thus. As calculated in previous question the maximum induced voltage in the rotating loop is given as Vemf = B 0 Sw From the given data.e.2. value of the induced voltage is 1 V 1 B Sw = 1 0.f will be such that b is at positive terminal with respect to a .2.s = 50 # ^0. the r.4265 Since the loop has 50 turns so net induced voltage will be 50 times the calculated value.396 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only =.co.m.43 sin 120pt Volt he Option (B) is correct.25 64 10-4 377 V ^ h # # # emf = 0 6 emf@r. Vba = Vemf = 12p2 sin 120pt or Vab =.f.33 volt lp.Vab = 12p sin 120pt 250 250 = 2.33 Option (A) is correct.118.25 Wb/m2 S = 64 cm2 = 64 # 10-4 m2 and w = 60 # 2p = 377 rad/ sec (In one revolution 2p radian is covered) So. co m .4265h = 21. i. i.p ^10 # 10-2h2 # ^120ph^.m.12p2 sin 120pt Therefore.34 Option (C) is correct.in ( q = wt ) SOL 6. As calculated in previous question. the maximum value of induced emf is Vemf = B 0 Sw Shop Online at www.12p2 sin 120pt =.e. we have B 0 = 0.s = 2 2 2 = 0. g at e SOL 6.s.47 sin 120pt *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.m. e.32 SOL 6.nodia.m.2. V 6 emf@r. the current flowing in the loop is given as 2 I ^ t h =.B 0 S d 6sin wt cos wt@ dt =. the voltage induced in the loop is Vab =. induced in the loop due to the magnetic flux density is given as F Vemf =-2 =.2 ^10 cos 120pt h^pr2h 2 2 t t =.

ga te SOL 6.1 ww w.3 Option (C) is correct.3 Shop Online at www. the magnetic flux density in air as y . D d # H = J +2 2 t 2 B b 2 = 0l t 2 D b 2 = 0l t Maxwell Equations Integral form ## ^d # H h : dS S = ## `J + 22D j : dS t S GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .3. we get B = B0 af Therefore.(1) B = B0 c 2 x 2 ay .sin faf and ay = sin far + cos faf So. Maxwell equations for an EM wave is given as d:B = 0 r d:E = v e B d # E =-2 2 t D d # H =2 + J 2 t So.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 397 For View Only SOLUTIONS 6.nodia. substituting x = r cos f and y = r sin f ax = cos far . which is constant m0 m0 So. Given. co m d#H = J SOL 6.2 Option (C) is correct. we transform the expression in cylindrical system. for static electric magnetic fields d:B = 0 d : E = rv /e d#E = 0 he Option (A) is correct.in SOL 6.2 ax m x +y x + y2 Now. the current density of the field is (since H is constant) J = d#H = 0 lp.3. the magnetic field intensity in air is given as B a H = B = 0 f .3...co.

3.3.e.3. he lp.dF dt 9 =.in # H : dl SOL 6. Emf induced in a loop carrying a time varying magnetic flux F is defined as Vemf =.7 SOL 6.nodia.8 Option (A) is correct.2 Wb/s2 SOL 6. d # H has unit of current density J (i. Applying Stoke’s theorem we get # ^d # H h $ dS = # J : dS co m Option (D) is correct. t = 3 s . When a moving circuit is put in a time varying magnetic field induced emf have two components. 2 t Option (A) is correct.co.398 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www. According to Lenz’s law the induced emf (or induced current) in a loop flows such as to produce a magnetic field that opposed the change in B . From Maxwells equations we have D d # H =2 + J 2 t Thus.3.4 = ## bJ +2D l : dS t 2 S Stokes Theorem Option (A) is correct.. The direction of the magnetic field produced by the current is determined by right hand rule.l ^3h2 l =.d b 1 lt3 l dt 3 9 =.9 Option (B) is correct. we have 9 =.3. One due to time variation of magnetic flux density B and other due to the motion of circuit in the field.lt2 at time. This equation is based on Ampere’s law as from Ampere’s circuital law we have # H $ dl = Ienclosed . g at e d#H = J Then. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. #l H $ dl S = #S J : dS S SOL 6. it is modified using continuity equation as D d # H = J +2 2 t Option (C) is correct.3. A/m2 ) SOL 6.5 l or.6 SOL 6. From maxwell equation we have D d # H = J +2 2 t D The term 2 defines displacement current.

# JdS he Option (A) is correct.11 Option (B) is correct. additive to the change in B ) so. B directed upward is decreasing with time whereas the field produced by current I is downwards (i. B directed upward is increasing with time whereas current I produces field directed upward (i. it doesn’t obey Lenz’s law. in figure (1). ga te # # H : dl = Ienc = SOL 6. it obey’s the Lenz’s law. The modified Maxwell’s differential equation.dV .3. The law he gave related to the theory is known as Faraday’s law. D d # H = J +2 2 t This equation is derived from Ampere’s circuital law which is given as # ^d # H h : dS d#H = J GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. it also obeys Lenz’s law. the configuration 1 and 3 are correct. E =.13 Option (C) is correct.10 V 2 t Option (C) is correct.10 SOL 6. B directed upward is decreasing with time where as current I produces the field directed upwards (i.e. In figure (2).Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 399 SOL 6. Given. the expression for the field.3.2 B : dS = ^5 h^. B d # E =-2 2 t Since. 2 = 2 Wb/m2 /S B 2 t So. lp.12 SOL 6. Faraday develops the concept of time varying electric field producing a magnetic field. In figure (4). co m For View Only Shop Online at www.in Now. opposite to the change in B ) So. the emf in the loop is Vemf =. In figure (3).3. Faraday’s law states that for time varying field. the curl of gradient of a scalar function is always zero i.dV must include some other terms is A E =.e. Thus.e.2 t 2 i.3.2h =. additive to the change in B ) So.e. .co. d # ^dV h = 0 So.nodia.e. the area of loop S = 5 m2 Rate of change of flux density. A is true but R is false. B directed upwarded increases with time where as the field produced by current I is downward so. it doesn’t obey Lenz’s law.

The correct maxwell’s equation are D d # H = J +2 2 t B d # E =-2 2 t Option (B) is correct. the magnetic field perpendicular to the plane of the ring is decreasing with time so.f.in SOL 6.3.m. # # D : dS = # r dv v v GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . The Basic idea of radiation is given by the two Maxwells equation D d # H =2 2 t B d # E =-2 2 t Option (B) is correct. If a coil is placed in a time varying magnetic field then the e. Electric potential of an isolated sphere is defined as (free space) C = 4pe0 a The Maxwell’s equation in phasor form is written as d # H = jweE + sE = jweE + J ^J = sE h So A and R both are true individually but R is not the correct explanation of A. will be induced.14 Option (B) is correct. Both the statements are individually correct but R is not explanation of A.18 SOL 6. So here in both the coil e.19 SOL 6.3.f. Since.3.3. emf will be induced in both the rings. d:D = r d:B = 0 a.2 B : dS 2 t Therefore. m Option (D) is correct. ^a " 4h b.3. In List I at e # D d # H = J +2 ^a " 3h 2 t B Faraday’ law d # E =2 ^b " 4h 2 t Gauss law d : D = rv ^c " 1h 2 r Current continuity d : J =^d " 2h 2 t Option (B) is correct. will induce in coil.21 Option (D) is correct. Ampere’s law SOL 6.3. he lp.nodia.15 SOL 6. SOL 6.17 Option ( ) is correct.400 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.20 ww w.16 SOL 6.m.3.3. according to Faraday’s law emf induced in both the ring is Vemf =. co Option (B) is correct. net outward magnetic flux through any closed surface is zero. B : dS = 0 The surface integral of magnetic flux density over the closed surface is zero or in other words.co. g SOL 6.

23 SOL 6. ^b " 3h B c. H = 3ax + 7yay + 2xaz So from Ampere’s circuital law we have J = d#H a x ay a z 2 2 2 = 2x 2y 2z 3 7y 2x = ax ^0 h . ^d " 1h # # # # . The emf in the loop will be induced due to motion of the loop as well as the variation in magnetic field given as B Vemf =.2 dS 2 t i.nodia.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 401 For View Only Shop Online at www. it relates current density ^J h and charge density rv .ay ^2 . co SOL 6. ga te # # Option (A) is correct.2ay he lp.3. The line integral of the electric field intensity around a closed path is equal to the surface integral of the time derivative of magnetic flux density ^c " 2h 2 + J da D d.3.26 Option (B) is correct. E : dl =.f. The line integral of magnetic field intensity around a closed path is equal to the surface integral of sum of the current density and time derivative of electric flux density. The continuity equation is given as d : J =. m Total outward electric flux through any closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed in the region.24 SOL 6. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. conductivity.25 Option (D) is correct. Jc = sE = 0 Therefore. Given the magnetic field intensity. Given Maxwell’s equation is D d # H = Jc + 2 2 t For free space.e. F = Q ^E + v # B h is Lorentz force equation. in the loop is w1 and w2 . the frequencies for the induced e.3.0h + az ^0 h =.22 Option (C) is correct. SOL 6.co. s = 0 and so.3.e.e.in SOL 6.2 dS + ^v # B h dl 2 t So.rv i. we have the generalized equation D d # H =2 2 t Option (D) is correct. H : dS = b l 2 t i.m.3.

e. Poission’s equation for an electric field is given as r d2 V =.3. So.in SOL 6. m Option (D) is correct. The direction of magnetic flux due to the current ‘i ’ in the conductor is determined by right hand rule.3.f. SOL 6. It is not Maxwell’s equation.3.3.30 Option (B) is correct. we get the flux through A is pointing into the paper while the flux through B is pointing out of the paper. d2 V = 0 Which is Laplacian equation.31 Option (B) is correct. i.v e where. is anticlockwise in A and clockwise in B . V is the electric potential at the point and rv is the volume charge density in the region. So.3.nodia. SOL 6.28 SOL 6. opposes the flux that causes it.3. for rv = 0 we get.m. A static electric field in a charge free region is defined as d:E = 0 ^a " 4h and d#E = 0 A static electric field in a charged region have r d:E = v ! 0 ^b " 2h e and d#E = 0 A steady magnetic field in a current carrying conductor have d:B = 0 ^c " 1h d # B = m0 J ! 0 A time varying electric field in a charged medium with time varying magnetic field GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.27 Option (D) is correct.f. All of the given expressions are Maxwell’s equation. According to Lenz’s law the induced e.32 2 r Continuity equation d # J =. g at e he lp.co.m0 J This is the wave equation for static electromagnetic field. .v ^a " 4h t 2 D Ampere’s law d # H = J +2 ^b " 1h 2 t D Displacement current J =2 ^c " 2h 2 t B Faraday’ law d # E =-2 ^d " 3h 2 t Option (B) is correct. SOL 6. d2 A =.402 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www. co Option (C) is correct.29 SOL 6. So again by using right hand rule we get the direction of induced e.m.

From stokes theorem. we get Vemf =.m. Option (A) is correct. So.100 d ^t3 . from Maxwell’s equation we have E d # H = J + e2 2 t = sE + e ^ jwh E 0 e jwt = sE + jweE SOL 6.2h =.100 _3 ^2 h2 .100 ^3t2 . Therefore.2i =.3. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2t h dt =.nodia.36 Option (C) is correct. the flux linking through both the coil is varying with time so.34 Option (B) is correct. Equation (1) and (3) are not the Maxwell’s equation. the Maxwell’s equation d # E =. Since.37 SOL 6. E : dl =.(2 /2 ) B t Putting this expression in equation (1) we get.f. Induced emf in a coil of N turns is defined as Vemf =.2 V # # he lp. Since. V =. ga te Given.in SOL 6.co. the loop 2 is split so.3.Chap 6 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation 403 For View Only have Shop Online at www.35 SOL 6.3.3. we have (1) .3. only statement 2 is correct. no current flows in it and so joule heating does not occur in coil 2 while the joule heating occurs in closed loop 1 as current flows in it.2 B : dS 2 s t Option (B) is correct.N dF dt where F is flux linking the coil. SOL 6.1000 mV (at t = 2 s ) =. emf are induced in both the coils. co # ^d # E h : dS = # E : dl m SOL 6.dFm dt It is Faraday’s law that states that the change in flux through any loop induces e.38 Option (A) is correct.3. in the loop.33 B d # E =-2 ! 0 ^d " 3h 2 t r d:E = v ! 0 e Option (A) is correct. The electric field intensity is where E 0 is independent of time E = E 0 e jwt So.

Maxwells equation is defined as d#H = J and since divergence of the curl is zero i.39 Option (D) is correct.co.3. d : ^d # H h = 0 d:J = 0 but in the time varying field.m. 2 t Therefore A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A.m.e.f. at e Option (D) is correct.r.3.f. D i. both.404 Time Varrying Field and Maxwell Equation Chap 6 For View Only Shop Online at www.. Observing all the given figures we conclude that loop C1 and C2 carries the flux lines through it and so both the loop will have an induced e. in the loop is due to a combination of transformer and motional e. the circular loop is rotating about the y -axis as a diameter and the flux lines is directed in ax direction.43 Option (A) is correct.42 SOL 6. magnetic flux lines must link with the coil.m0 J So. d # H = J +2 2 t D where 2 is displacement current density which is a necessary term. the magnetic flux also varies w. he lp.in SOL 6. d:A = 0 therefore we have.40 SOL 6. SOL 6.d2A = m0 J For static field (DC).f. from continuity equation (conservation of charges) 2 r d : J =.3.v ! 0 t 2 So. d2A =. Since. So. From the Maxwell’s equation for a static field (DC) we have d # B = m0 J d # ^d # Ah = m0 J d ^d : Ah . g Option (D) is correct. Gauss’s law d:D = r Ampere’s law Faraday’s law Poynting vector ww Option (A) is correct. due to rotation magnetic flux changes and as the flux density is function of time so. For a static field. an additional term is included in the Maxwell’s equation.41 SOL 6. co m D d # H = Jc + 2 t 2 B d # E =-2 2 t P = E#H *********** ^a " 1h ^b " 5h ^c " 2h ^d " 3h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .3.3.f.t time and therefore the induced e.m. For any loop to have an induced e. both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.e.nodia.m. w.

CHAPTER 7 ELECTRONAGNETICS WAVES .

1. Wave number k for the EM wave will be (A) 1.1.5 ww An electromagnetic wave is propagating in certain non magnetic material such that the magnetic field intensity at any point is given by H = 3 cos ^109 t .5z h ax A/m The phase velocity of the wave in the medium will be (A) 1.1.ky h ax A/m (A) + az direction (B) .by h ax A/m If the wavelength of the EM wave in the medium be 12.6 m then what will be the phase constant b in that medium ? (A) 0.in MCQ 7.5 rad/m (C) 1.1.ax sin ^wt .4 w.25 rad/m (B) 0.1.jE 0 e^a .az direction (D) + ay direction m .406 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only EXERCISE 7.co.jbx h ay V/m MCQ 7.bz h ay V/m The electric field phasor of the wave will be (A) E 0 e-^a + jb hx ay V/m lp.3 (C) 0.nodia.ky h az A/m .jE 0 e-^a + jb hx ay V/m (D) .2 rad/m MCQ 7.8 rad/m (B) 2 rad/m (D) 5 rad/m (C) 0.5 # 109 m/s (B) 5 # 10-9 m/s (D) 2 # 108 m/s Magnetic field intensity in a certain non-magnetic medium is given by H = H 0 cos ^wt .2 (B) jE 0 e-^a + jb hx ay V/m (C) .12 rad/m (D) 6. g In air.1 (C) + ax direction MCQ 7. magnetic field intensity is given by H = 10 cos ^6 # 107 t . co What will be the direction of wave propagation in a non magnetic medium in which magnetic field intensity at any point is given by H = 4 cos ^wt .5 # 108 m/s MCQ 7.3 rad/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e he In a certain medium electric field intensity of a propagating wave is given by E ^x.1 Shop Online at www. t h = 2E 0 e.

62 W (B) 167.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 407 For View Only Shop Online at www.96 ns (B) 1.93 ns m Electric field intensity in free space is E = 24 cos ^5 # 108 t .1.1.25 (C) 0.26 ns .2x h ay V/m The relative permittivity of the medium will be (A) 1.co. ga te he What will be the intrinsic impedance of a lossless.bx h az V/m The time taken by the wave to travel one-fourth of it’s total wave length is (A) 61.95 mW MCQ 7. The time period of the wave will be (A) 7.5 (B) 2. mr = er .1.10 A radio wave is propagating at a frequency of 0. 1).4 mm (D) 0. a propagating wave has electric field intensity given by E = 9 cos ^4 # 108 t .11 The skin depth in a poor conductor is independent of (A) Permittivity (B) Permeability (C) Frequency (D) None of these Assertion (A) : E = E 0 sin ^z h cos ^ct h ax represents the electric field of a plane wave in free space.42 ns (B) 3.12 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.44 MCQ 7.6 In a nonmagnetic material electric field intensity is given by E = 16 cos ^4 # 108 t . Reason (R) : A plane wave f propagating with velocity v p in + az direction must satisfy the equation 2 2 2f 22 f .bz h ax V/m .25 ? (A) 235.9 (C) 8.33 W lp.57 ns (C) 7.1.8 (D) 12.The wave length of the radio wave in that medium will be (A) 0.7 (D) 225 (C) 8 # 107 sec MCQ 7.in MCQ 7.8 mm (B) 0. (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 7.1.nodia. (B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.1. In air.vp 2 = 0 t z 22 2 (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.23 ns MCQ 7.56 W (D) 251. nonmagnetic dielectric material having relative permittivity er = 2.05 ns co (D) 3.26 mm (C) 0.5 MHz in a medium ( s = 3 # 107 S/m .13 mm MCQ 7.1.

1.66e-j^4x . t = 0.408 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.37.5ax h cos ^wt .29. g .6ax V/m (C) 9.29.2z h mA/m w.1. Electric field intensity of linearly polarized plane wave in free space is given by E = ^6ay .6ay he h MCQ 7.16 -j50z 0 he (A) .6az h W/m2 (C) ^.1 ns ? (B).h0 ^5ax + 6ay h e-j50z V/m V/m (B) ^5ax .9ax .18 : An electromagnetic wave travels in free space with the electric field component Es = ^10ax + 5az h e-j^4x .18 (B) ^148.50z h V/m The phasor form of magnetic field intensity of the wave will be co (D) 0 Phasor form of magnetic field intensity of a uniform plane wave in free space is given as Hs = ^2 + j5h^4ay + 2jaz h e-jbx A/m The maximum electric field of the plane wave equals to (A) 24.17 What will be the phasor form of magnetic field intensity of the wave ? (A) .2z h mA/m (C) 29.6az he h m -j50z 0 V/m (D) -^5ax + 6ay he V/m h0 -j50z (C) lags electric field by 45c at e In a perfect conductor ^resistivity.331.2 cos ^109 t .nodia.1.74.15 lp.1 V/m (B) 14.9ax .14 (D) 37.13 A propagating wave in free space has magnetic field intensity H = 0.6ax V/m (A) .37. 0h magnetic field of any EM wave (A) lags electric field by 90c (B) leads electric field by 45c (D) will be in phase with electric field Statement for Linked Question 17 . r .331.2z h mA/m (D) .5 5 e-j^4x .9az h W/m2 (D) ^.2z h V/m (B) .in MCQ 7.15az h W/m2 What will be the time average power density of the electromagnetic wave ? (A) ^665.by h az A/m What will be the electric field intensity of the wave at y = 1 cm at time.08 kV/m MCQ 7.1.6ax + 665.74.8ax V/m MCQ 7.19.9az h W/m2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww MCQ 7.7ax V/m (C) .66e-j^4x .15ax + 148.2z h A/m MCQ 7.66e-j^4x .co.22 kV/m (C) ^5ax .1.1.

1.bz h ax where w and b are constants.20 MCQ 7.33 # 10-6 cos ^wt .az (C) 3ax 3 ay + 2az (D) 2 3 ax 3 ay + a z Statement for Linked Question 20 .2z j V/m The wave is linearly polarized along the direction of (A) .19 A propagating wave has the phasor form of its electric field intensity defined as Es = ^.bz h az (C) 5e0 sin 2px 4 MCQ 7.1p`-3x + 3 y . m0 cos2 ^wt .21 : MCQ 7. w .bz h az e0 . what will be the magnetic flux density vector B ? m0 e0 1 -8 c m e = 3 # 10 m/s m 0 0 (A) 3 # 1010 cos ^wt .22 4 (D) 10 cos2 ^wt .bz h ay (B) 3.2 3 ax + 3 ay .1.2 3 ax + 3 ay .1.bz h az m0 he (C) 3 # 108 cos ^wt .co.in MCQ 7.23 ww w.21 MCQ 7.bz h az m0 The electric field associated with a sinusoidally time varying electromagnetic field is given by E = 15 sin px sin ^2p # 108 . ga te The poynting vector of the E -M field will be (B) 10 4 (A) 10 4 e0 cos2 ^wt .3ax + 3 ay .1.3 px h az V/m What will be the time average stored energy density in the magnetic field ? -9 -9 (B) 10 ^25 + 50 sin2 px h (A) 10 ^25 + 50 sin2 px h p 144p 9 (C) 144 # 10 ^25 + 50 sin2 px h p GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia co If b = (D) 25e0 sin 2px 4 (D) p ^25 + 50 sin2 px h 144 m In free space an electric field intensity vector is given by E = 200 cos ^wt .1.bz h ay Electric field associated with a sinusoidally time varying electromagnetic field is given by E = 20 sin (py) sin ^6p # 108 t .nodia.bz h ay lp.3 pz h ay V/m The time average stored energy density in the electric field is (A) 4 e0 sin2 px (B) 25e0 sin2 px 25 4 (C) 10 4 m0 cos2 ^wt .az h e-j0.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 409 For View Only Shop Online at www.2az (B) .bz h ay (D) 3.33 # 10-7 cos ^wt .

25 conductivity of glass.26 (C) E 0 /2 (D) . 4e0 ). g at e *********** (B) .E 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.67 cm (B) 60 cm (C) 180 cm (D) 18 cm MCQ 7.1.2E 0 /3 lp. If the magnitude of the electric field of incident wave is E 0 then what will be the magnitude of the electric field of the reflected wave ? (A) .25 (B) 4 sec (C) 35 sec (D) 20 sec MCQ 7. s = 10-12 S/m ) (A) 2 sec m . er = 4. If wavelength of the wave in the medium be 20 cm then what would be it’s wavelength in free space ? (A) 6.410 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.in MCQ 7.co.E 0 /3 he An electromagnetic wave propagating in free space is incident on the surface of a dielectric medium ( m0 .1.nodia.24 An electromagnetic wave is propagating from free space to a certain medium having relative permittivity er = 5 . co If some free charge is being imbedded in a piece of glass. then the charge will flow out to the surface nearly after (relative permittivity of glass.1.

54 # 106 t + 0.25 # 107 t + 0.3x h ay mA/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. The electric field phasor of the wave is given by Es = 5e j0.in MCQ 7.1 MCQ 7.3 cos ^wt . t = T 8 will be m Magnetic field intensity of a propagating wave in free space is given by H = 0.3x h ay mA/m (B) 22.54 # 106 t + 0.3x az V/m What will be the magnetic field intensity of the wave ? (A) 11.2 Shop Online at www. ga te he lp.co.5 # 107 m/s in a lossless medium having relative permeability mr = 2.54 # 106 t + 0.by h ax A/m .2 A uniform plane wave is propagating with a velocity of 7.05 cos ^9.3z h ay mA/m (D) 11.13 cos ^9.2.2.8 .13 cos ^9.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 411 For View Only EXERCISE 7.3x h ay mA/m (C) 22.nodia.05 cos ^2. co If the total time period of the wave be T then the plot of H versus y at time.

2. The loss tangent of the medium will be (A) 1.3 In a certain medium ( er = 4 .5 mm (B) 542 mm (D) 2. g A uniform plane wave is propagating at a velocity of 7 # 107 m/s in a perfect dielectric such that the electric and magnetic fields of the wave are given by E ^x.bx h az V/m The relative permittivity and relative permeability of the medium will be respectively (A) 1.2. mr = 4 ).01 S/m a plane wave is travelling in + az direction that has the electric field intensity E = 0.2. MCQ 7.2.37.2. If the amplitude of electric field of the wave is E 0 then the magnetic field of the wave will be (B) h0 E 0 cos ^wt + wcx h ay (A) E 0 cos a wt + w x k ay h0 c (D) E 0 cos a wt .06 m MCQ 7. The EM wave is polarized in + az direction.52 Statement for Linked Question 4 . the value of z equals to (A) 481.w x k ay h0 c What will be the electric field of a plane wave polarized parallel to the x -z plane and propagating in free space in the direction from origin to the point ^1.69 (B) 3.27 (C) 0.E 0 cos a wt + w x k ay h0 c MCQ 7.bx h ay V/m .9 cos ^5 # 106 pt .412 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. So.nodia.in MCQ 7. mr = 0.5 : In a lossy medium ( er = 8 . t h = 300 cos ^5 # 106 pt . 2.ax direction with a frequency w and phase angle zero.70.5 cos ^109 pt + p/3h ax at z = 0 .4 What will be the distance travelled by the wave to have a phase shift of 10c ? (A) 20.5 .6 (C) 1.az (B) E 0 cos :wt + ^ hDb 3c 2 l GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he After traveling a distance z .08 m lp.58 MCQ 7. the amplitude of the wave is reduced by 40% .95 mm (B) 477. 5.37 at e (C) .69 m .3 mm (C) 8.35 (D) 0.65 m MCQ 7. A plane wave is propagating such that the electric field intensity of the wave is E = E 0 e-x/2 sin ^108 t .8 ww An electromagnetic wave is propagating in free space in .94 (B) 0.70.az l 3c 2 w x + y + z ax . t h = 1. 1. co (D) 2. that has the amplitude E 0 and frequency w with zero phase angle ? (A) E 0 cos :wt . 1h.33 V (D) 3. 1.co. s = 0.5 (C) 1.w ^x + y + z hDb ax .2.4.bx h ay V/m H ^x.7 w. 2.

25 # 107 S/m ) (A) greater than 0.3 m (C) exactly equal to 0.13 In the plane z = 0 . MCQ 7.10 With a thickness t .2. mr = er .11 (C) ^36 .j2h F/m MCQ 7.2y h az V/m What will be the value of complex permittivity of the medium ? (B) ^36e0 . s = 6.j36e0h F/m lp.2.w ^x + y + z hCc ax + az m c 2 (D) E 0 cos 9wt + w ^x + y + z hCc ax + az m c 2 MCQ 7. electric field of a wave propagating in + az direction in free space is E 0 which is varying with time t as shown in the figure. er = 80 . What will be the skin depth of the medium ? (A) 1. For the successful experiment t should be (for silver.nodia. co (D) none of these (D) ^36e0 + j2h F/m m MCQ 7.8 m (D) 1.co.j2h F/m (A) ^2 . Reason (R) : Skin depth of metals are in the range of nanometers. (C) A is true but R is false.2. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.64 mm MCQ 7.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 413 For View Only (C) E 0 cos 9wt .9 Shop Online at www. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2y h ax + 2 sin ^107 t .4 m (C) 0.0. silver coating is done for a microwave experiment to operate at a frequency of 10 GHz.12 (B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A. mr = 4 ).in A plane wave is propagating with frequency f = 50 kHz in a medium ( s = 2 S/m .2.7 m (B) 0. (D) A is false but R is true.0. ga te Assertion (A) : All the metals are opaque. he In a nonmagnetic material of conductivity s = 2 # 107 S/m .64 mm .64 mm (B) less than 0. electric field of a propagating plane wave is given by E = 5 cos ^107 t . 1.2.

e1 ) is incident on medium 2 ( m0 .414 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. e2 ) as shown in figure such that the electric field of reflected wave is 1/5 times of the electric field of incident wave. co m .nodia. If the leading edge of a uniform plane wave propagating in ax direction is incident on the plane x =.02 m sec (D) 0.in If the magnetic field intensity of the wave at t = 1 m sec be H1 then the plot of H1 versus z will be MCQ 7.14 Three different dielectrics of permittivities 4e0 .15 An electromagnetic wave propagating in medium 1 ( m0 .2.2.06 m sec MCQ 7. 9e0 and 3e0 are defined in the space as shown in figure.3 m then how much time it will take to strike the interface defined by the dielectric 2 and dielectric 3 ? (A) 6 n sec (C) 3 n sec (B) 0. The value of e1 /e2 equals to GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.co. g at e he lp.

What will be the polarization of the reflected wave ? (A) left hand circular (B) Right hand circular (C) elliptical (D) linear GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (A) 0. ga te MCQ 7.01 # 10-5 S/m (D) 0.16 What will be the conductivity of the dielectric ? (C) 0 dB MCQ 7.2. An electromagnetic wave of 50 MHz frequency is incident on a dielectric medium such that it’s skin depth is 0.18 ww w.19 An electromagnetic wave has the electric field intensity in the phasor form given by Es = 2 ^az .99 # 105 S/m m .2.2.17 If an electromagnetic wave of 8 GHz frequency travels a distance of 0.32 mm.32 # 102 S/m (C) 320 S/m lp.275 mm in the dielectric medium then it’s field intensity will be reduced by (A) 20 dB (B) 60 dB (D) 30 dB Electric field of an electromagnetic wave propagating in a medium in + ax direction is given by Es = E 0 ^ay .jax h e-jby The EM wave is incident on a perfect conductor located at y = 0 .17 : MCQ 7.jaz h e-jbx The wave is (A) left hand circularly polarized (B) Right hand circularly polarized (C) elliptically polarized (D) linearly polarized MCQ 7.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 415 For View Only Shop Online at www.2.28 # 10-7 ) co (B) 1. (permittivity of dielectric = 6.co.nodia.in (A) 2/3 (C) 4/9 (B) 3/2 (D) 9/4 Statement for Linked Question 16 .

s2 = 0.4 cos ^wt .88 Watt (C) 0.8y h A/m (B) a y + az k e-j^6z .2az .23 at e An electromagnetic wave propagating in free space has magnetic field intensity H = 0. Electric field intensity of an EM wave propagating in free space is given by Eis = 25ax e-j^6z + 8y h V/m If the wave is incident on a perfectly conducting plane at y = 0 then the magnetic field intensity of the reflected wave will be a a (A) -a y + az k e-j^6z .co.31 mW (D) 10.8x h V/m (B) .3ax + 3 ay .1 S/m ) defined in the region y # 0 .2az h 4 .0997 MCQ 7.2az (A) (B) 16 4 (C) .22 (C) 18.01p`-3x + 3 y .53 Watt (B) 1.8y h 8p 6p MCQ 7.nodia.10az e-j^6y . The electric field of the incident wave in the phasor form is given by Eis = 5az e-j^6y + 8x h V/m The net electric field of the total wave (incident and reflected both) in free space after reflection will be (A) 10az e-j^6y .24 ww An electromagnetic wave propagating in a lossless medium ( m1 = 4m0 . s1 = 0 ) defined in the region y > 0 is incident on a lossy medium ( m2 = m0 .3ax + 3 ay .21 (D) j20az e-j6y sin 8x V/m a (C) a y + az k e j^6z .2 3 az h e-j0.8 mW MCQ 7.ay .j20az e-j6y sin 8x V/m MCQ 7.8y h A/m 8p 6p 8p 6p co (D) 53.8186 w.416 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. e1 = e0 .2z j V/m The unit vector in the direction of propagation of the wave will be .2.025 a (D) -a y + az k e j^6z .in MCQ 7.by h ax A/m What will be the total power passing through a square plate of side 20 cm located in the plane x + y = 2 ? (A) 0.2.2.20 An electromagnetic wave propagating in free space is incident on a perfectly conducting slab placed at x $ 0 .22 (B) 0. g 3 ay + 2az h The complex electric field vector of a uniform plane wave propagating in free space is given by Es = ^ 3 ax . e2 = 4e0 .2. The electric field intensity of the incident wave in lossless medium is given by Eis = 6e-j5y az V/m What will be the standing wave ratio ? (A) 1.8y h A/m 8p 6p m ^3ax + 3 ay .4 ^3ax (D) - he GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp.2.8x h V/m (C) .

87 m 25 m he 28.in MCQ 7.5 # 1010 m/s 6 # 108 m/s 2.7 m 28.7 m The apparent wavelengths along the x .25 Phasor form of electric field intensity of a uniform plane wave is given by Es = d 2 ax .Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 417 For View Only Shop Online at www.75 MHz (B) 2.2 # 109 m/s 1 # 1010 m/s 4 # 108 m/s 1.3z j In free space complex electric field vector of a uniform plane wave is given by V/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia co m 3 x + 3y + 2z j In free space the complex magnetic field vector of a uniform plane wave is given by Hs =-^ 3 ax + az h e-j0.26 (D) 15.j 3 azG e-j0.3y + 3 z j V/m 3 The wavelength along the direction of propagation is (A) 3.j 3 az i e-j0.4 # 107 m/s 1.08 m (C) 12.2ay .7 m (C) 24 MHz (D) 2.29 Which of the following complex vector field represents the electric field of a uniform plane wave ? (A) _.2.co.2.27 MCQ 7.5y .4 MHz Statement for Linked Question 27 .j2ay 3 az i e-j0.j 3 m ay + j 3 azG e-j0.2.2.04p`-2x .77 # 107 m/s 1.93 # 108 m/s 2.2 ay n e-j0.3z j A/m . y and z axes are lx ly lz (D) =b.jax .73 # 1010 m/s 6.2y .6p` 3 y + z j (B) _ax .4 # 106 Hz 3 x + 3y + 2z j .87 m 25 m 16.6 # 107 m/s 1.87 m 25 m 25 m 16.nodia.5 m MCQ 7. ga te (A) (B) (C) (D) 16. y and z axes are vPx vPy vPz (A) (B) (C) (D) 1.87 m 16.3 .02p` 2 2 lp. Frequency of the plane wave will be (A) 3. 2 x .02p` 2 2 m y ww w.2.7 m 28.2 # 109 m/s 1.28 The apparent phase velocities along the x .04p` 3 x .j 1 l ax + c1 .16 m (B) 0.05p^x + 3 zh j 3 (C) =b 3 + j 1 l ax + c1 + a .7 m 28.28 : Es = ^ 2 ax + az h e-j 25` p MCQ 7.2 # 109 m/s MCQ 7.

nodia. S (D) Q. g *********** (B) 17.in MCQ 7.co.2.9 at e A uniform plane wave in region 1 is normally incident on the planner boundary 3 3 separating regions 1 and 2. If the 20% of the energy in the incident wave is reflected at the boundary.1p^ MCQ 7.48 he The following fields exist in charge free regions P = 65 sin (wt + 10y) az Q = 10 cos (wt . Both region are lossless and er1 = mr1 . co m .jax . R MCQ 7.3 ww GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.6 (D) 58.2r) af r R = 3r2 cot fa r + 1 cos faf r S = 6 sin q sin (wt .418 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.3 jax .jaz i e -jp^x + 3 z h 3 x+zh (C) P.2ay + j 3 az i e-j0.3 az i e _.2.j2ay .31 V/m -j0.30 Which of the following pairs of vector Es and Hs field represents the complex electric and magnetic field vectors of a uniform plane wave ? Es Hs (A) _ jax + 2ay + j 3 az i e-jp^ 3 x + z h V/m (B) _ jax + j 3 az i e-jp^x + 3 z h V/m (C) _ jax .j2ay . S lp. the ratio er2 /er1 is (A) 1.2.32 (C) 25. Q (B) R.3 az i e ^ -jp x + _.j 3 az i e -jp^x + 3 z h -jp _ax .6r) a q r The possible electromagnetic fields are (A) P. er2 = mr2 .1p^ _ax .jax + j 3 az i e ^ 3 x+zh 3 zh A/m A/m A/m A/m V/m 3 x+zh (D) _.

ga te he The electric field of a uniform plane electromagnetic wave in free space.6ay .5az ) e j (wt .8ax + 6ay . along the positive x direction is given by E = 10 (ay + jaz ) e-j 25x .4 GATE 2010 The electric field component of a time harmonic plane EM wave traveling in a nonmagnetic lossless dielectric medium has an amplitude of 1 V/m. co m A plane wave propagating in air with E = (4ax + 6ay + 5az ) e j (wt + 3x .6ay . Re(P ) denotes the real part of P. If the relative permittivity of the medium is 4.3 Shop Online at www.3.2 GHz and left circular (D) 4 Hz and right circular lp. S denotes a spherical surface whose centre is at the point source.5az ) e j (wt + 3x + 4y) V/m (C) (.in MCQ 7.5az ) e j (wt + 3x + 4y) V/m .1 GATE 2012 (B) (. respectively.3 GATE 2011 Consider the following statements regarding the complex Poynting vector P for the power radiated by a point source in an infinite homogeneous and lossless medium.5az ) e j (wt .8ax + 6ay . and an denotes the unit surface normal on S . are (B) 4 Hz and left circular (A) 1.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 419 For View Only EXERCISE 7.3.8ax .4y) V/m MCQ 7.4y) V/m is incident on a perfectly conducting slab positioned at x # 0 .3.2 GHz and right circular MCQ 7.8ax .co. Which of the following statements is TRUE? (A) Re(P ) remains constant at any radial distance from the source (B) Re(P ) increases with increasing radial distance from the source (C) (D) ## Re ^P h : (dSan) remains constant at any radial distance from the source s ## Re ^P h : (dSan) decreases with increasing radial distance from the source s MCQ 7.nodia.2 GATE 2012 - (C) 1. The frequency and polarization of the wave. The E field of the reflected wave is (A) (.3x .3x . the magnitude of the time-average power density vector (in W/m2 ) is (B) 1 (A) 1 30p 60p (C) 1 120p (D) 1 240p GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3.4y) V/m (D) (.

bz) + ay a wt .7 GATE 2007 (C) E = ay E 0 e jc wt + MCQ 7.8 A uniform plane wave in the free space is normally incident on an infinitely thick dielectric slab (dielectric constant er = 9 ). g The H field (in A/m) of a plane wave propagating in free space is given by H = ax 5 5 cos (wt . the relative dielectric constant er2 is 2 w. If the reflected wave is linearly polarized. on an air-dielectric interface.nodia.1 cos (3 # 108 t + y) ax A/m 10p (C) 0.bz + p k. h0 2 The time average power flow density in Watts is h (B) 100 (A) 0 h0 100 at e co (D) 0.in MCQ 7.6 GATE 2008 (D) .1 cos (3 # 108 t + y) ax A/m 20p MCQ 7.co.3. The magnitude of the reflection coefficient is (A) 0 (B) 0.5 MCQ 7. The reflected magnetic field component is given by (A) 1 cos (3 # 108 t + y) ax A/m (B) 1 cos (3 # 108 t + y) ax A/m 10p 20p (C) .9 GATE 2007 (A) (C) 2 (D) 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww A right circularly polarized (RCP) plane wave is incident at an angle 60c to the normal.8 GATE 2007 3 p x+ p z l l m he (A) E = ay E 0 e j c wt - 3 p x.420 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.3.3 (D) E = ay E 0 e jc wt .by h ax GATE 2010 V/m and traveling in free space is incident normally on a lossless medium with m = m0 and e = 9e0 which occupies the region y $ 0 . The E field of the plane wave can be represented as (E0 is constant) (B) E = ay E 0 e jc wt . (D) 50 h0 (B) 3 A plane wave of wavelength l is traveling in a direction making an angle 30c with positive x -axis and 90c with positive y -axis.3.5 A plane wave having the electric field components Ei = 6 cos ^3 # 108 .3.l x + m .3.p z l l m lp.l x p p 3pz l m 3pz l m (C) 50h2 0 MCQ 7.

11 GATE 2006 MCQ 7. as shown in the figure below. t) = 10 sin (50000t + 0. (A) 5 # 10 4 m/s (B) . y. Due to the total internal reflection.3. A point source of electromagnetic energy is located in the medium at a depth of 1 meter from the interface.3. The magnetic field intensity vector of a plane wave is given by H (x.0 then the fraction of power transmitted into the medium is given by (A) 8 (B) 1 9 2 (C) 1 (D) 5 3 6 (D) . z.13 GATE 2006 An electromagnetic wave with electric field E1 = 4ax + 5ay + 5az is incident normally on the interface from region I .3ax + 3ay + 5az m .1. The wave is propagating with a phase velocity.3.004x + 30) ay where ay .25 # 107 m/s GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he A medium of relative permittivity er 2 = 2 forms an interface with free .space. The area of the beam cross-section at the interface is given by (A) 2p m 2 (B) p2 m 2 (C) p m 2 (D) p m 2 2 lp. ga te A medium is divided into regions I and II about x = 0 plane.10 The electric field of an electromagnetic wave propagation in the positive direction GATE 2006 is given by E = 2ax sin (wt .3.1.25az (C) 3ax + 3ay + 5az MCQ 7. the transmitted beam has a circular cross-section over the interface.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 421 For View Only Shop Online at www.in MCQ 7. co When a plane wave traveling in free-space is incident normally on a medium having er = 4.75ay .bz + p/2).12 GATE 2006 MCQ 7. The electric file E2 in region II at the interface is (A) E2 = E1 (B) 4ax + 0. denotes the unit vector in y direction.nodia.3.bz) + ay sin (wt .co.3 # 108 m/s (D) 3 # 108 m/s (C) . The wave is (A) Linearly polarized in the z -direction (B) Elliptically polarized (C) Left-hand circularly polarized (D) Right-hand circularly polarized MCQ 7.14 GATE 2005 ww w.

5.333 0c MCQ 7.in MCQ 7.28 # 107 m/sec MCQ 7. Maxima and minima are observed when the electric field is measured in front of the slab. t) = 10 cos (2p107 t .16 GATE 2004 (D) 1 mm and H = (k/wm) (ay + jax ) e jkz . This wave is (A) linearly polarized (B) circularly polarized (C) elliptically polarized (D) unpolarized -9 MCQ 7.19 GATE 2003 at e The depth of penetration of electromagnetic wave in a medium having conductivity s at a frequency of 1 MHz is 25 cm.422 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.333 180c (C) 6.00 cm MCQ 7. the time-averaged (B) (k/wm) az If E = (ax + jay) e jkz . (D) 24p W A plane electromagnetic wave propagating in free space is incident normally on a large slab of loss-less.co. The reflection coefficient for the normal incidence. non-magnetic.20 GATE 2003 w. dielectric material with e > e0 .00 # 108 m/sec (B) 2.3.3. The maximum electric field is found to be 5 times the minimum field.00 cm (B) 0.25 dm (B) 12.21 GATE 2002 ww If the electric field intensity associated with a uniform plane electromagnetic wave traveling in a perfect dielectric medium is given by E (z. is (A) zero (B) 0.jwt .15 Refractive index of glass is 1.3.50 cm (D) 100.jkz .nodia.00 # 107 m/sec A plane wave is characterized by E = (0.18 GATE 2003 (C) 50.3.3.3.3.kwt Poynting vector is (A) null vector (C) (2k/wm) az MCQ 7.5 180c (D) 0. The depth of penetration at a frequency of 4 MHz will be (A) 6.5ax + ay e jp/2) e jwt . The intrinsic impedance of the medium should be (A) 120p W (B) 60p W co m (D) (k/2wm) az . Its loss tangent tan d is ( e = 10 p F/m) 36 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.22 GATE 2002 Distilled water at 25cC is characterized by s = 1. Find the wavelength of a beam of light with frequency GATE 2005 of 1014 Hz in glass.7 # 10-4 mho/m and e = 78eo at a frequency of 3 GHz.1pz) V/m.00 # 108 m/sec (D) 2.3. then the velocity of the traveling wave is (A) 3. Assume velocity of light is 3 # 108 m/s in vacuum (A) 3 mm (B) 3 mm (C) 2 mm MCQ 7.0. g A uniform plane wave traveling in air is incident on the plane boundary between air and another dielectric medium with er = 5 .17 GATE 2004 (C) 600p W MCQ 7.

27 GATE 2000 Two coaxial cable 1 and 2 are filled with different dielectric constants er1 and er2 respectively. ga te he A uniform plane electromagnetic wave incident on a plane surface of a dielectric material is reflected with a VSWR of 3.3 # 10-5 (C) 1. The transmitted wave propagates is a 30c direction with respect to the normal.3 # 10-3 (D) 1.3z) (B) sin [w (10z + 5t)] (C) cos (y2 + 5t) (D) sin (x) cos (t) MCQ 7.3 # 10-4 /78 MCQ 7.(z/3) sin (108 t .3.in (B) 1. vr = 2.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 423 For View Only (A) 1.5 180c (C) 182.26 GATE 2000 A uniform plane wave in air impinges at 45c angle on a lossless dielectric material with dielectric constant er . The ratio of the wavelength in the cables (l1 /l2) is (B) er2 /er1 (A) er1 /er2 (C) er1 /er2 (D) er2 /er1 MCQ 7.bz) V/m .3.25 GATE 2001 (C) 50% MCQ 7.3.co. (A) 50e j (wt .23 GATE 2001 Shop Online at www. (C) 450 MHz co (D) 900 MHz A material has conductivity of 10-2 mho/m and a relative permittivity of 4.5Xe.3.5 (B) 1. The frequency at which the conduction current in the medium is equal to the displacement current is (A) 45 MHz (B) 90 MHz m .9 14c (D) 133.3.3.28 GATE 1999 Identify which one of the following will NOT satisfy the wave equation.3 # 10-5 /78e0 2 2 If a plane electromagnetic wave satisfies the equation 2E2x = c22Ex . The value of er is (A) 1.29 GATE 1999 A plane wave propagating through a medium [er = 8.3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the wave 2 22 z t propagates in the (A) x -direction (B) z -direction (C) y -direction (D) x -y plane at an angle of 45c between the x and z direction MCQ 7. and s = 0] has its electric field given by E = 0. The wave impedance.3. in ohms is (A) 377 (B) 198.nodia. What is the percentage of incident power that is reflected ? (A) 10% (B) 25% (D) 75% lp.24 GATE 2001 MCQ 7.5 (C) 2 (D) 2 MCQ 7.

31 GATE 1998 MCQ 7. mr = 1 (free space) has an electric field intensity of 100 p V/m . The phase velocity of an electromagnetic wave in the conductor at 1.in MCQ 7.nodia.2.30 The intrinsic impedance of copper at high frequencies is GATE 1998 (A) purely resistive (B) purely inductive (C) complex with a capacitive component (D) complex with an inductive component MCQ 7.34 GATE 1998 (C) left hand circular MCQ 7.2p) m-1 is 2 m (B) 10 m (A) 0. The skin depth for the material at 1 GHz is (A) 15. g The skin depth at 10 MHz for a conductor is 1 cm.4 az (A) .424 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.3. 000 MHz is about (B) 6 # 107 m/ sec (A) 6 # 106 m/ sec (D) 6 # 108 m/ sec (C) 20% MCQ 7.4 az p p .3.9 mm (C) 25.3.32 GATE 1998 GATE 1998 (C) wavelength MCQ 7.3.3.9 mm MCQ 7.38 IES EC 2012 The plane wave travelling in a medium of er = 1. in W/m2 .co.9 mm (D) 30. Determine the total energy density of this field. The wavelength of a wave with propagation constant (0.3.3.3.8 az p (D) .05 (C) 20 m (D) 30 m co (C) 4.37 GATE 1996 ww A uniform plane wave in air is normally incident on infinitely thick slab. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he MCQ 7.8 az p m The time average poynting vector.3.1p + j0.33 The depth of penetration of wave in a lossy dielectric increases with increasing (A) conductivity (B) permeability (D) permittivity lp.36 GATE 1996 w.9 mm (B) 20.5.35 GATE 1997 at e The polarization of wave with electric field vector E = E 0 e j^wt + bz h ^ax + ay h is (A) linear (B) elliptical (D) right hand circular (C) 3 # 108 m/ sec MCQ 7. for a wave with E = 12e j (wt + bz) ay V/m in free space is (B) 2. then the percentage of incident power that is reflected from the air-glass interface is (A) 0% (B) 4% (D) 100% Some unknown material has a conductivity of 106 mho/m and a permeability of 4p # 10-7 H/m .4. If the refractive index of the glass slab is 1.

88c (C) 84. with an incident angle of (A) tan-1 b 9 l (B) tan-1 b 3 l 2 4 .3.5 m lp.3.41 IES EC 2011 3.42 IES EC 2011 ww w. the angle a for which there is no reflection is (A) 83. Wave amplitude is 10 V/m Wave number = 0. 2. The electric field component of a wave in free space is given by E = 10 cos (107 t + kZ) ay V/m Following is a list of possible inferences : 1.3.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 425 For View Only (A) 13. the minimum angle between electric field and magnetic field vectors is (A) 0c (B) 60c (C) 90c (D) 180c MCQ 7.86c GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (D) 4 and 5 only (B) 83. Wavelength l = 188.08c 2.39 IES EC 2012 Shop Online at www.8 nJ/m3 (D) 278 nJ/m3 For a plane wave propagating in an unbounded medium (say. a vertically polarized wave should be incident at the interface between two dielectrics having e1 = 4 and e2 = 7 .33 rad/m Which of these inferences can be drawn from E ? (A) 1. free space). ga te Wave attenuates as it travels A plane wave is generated under water (e = 81e0 and m = m0).nodia. The wave is parallel polarized. Wave propagates along ay co (C) tan-1 b 2 l 3 (D) tan-1 b 4 l 9 m For no reflection condition.co. At the interface between water and air. 3.in (B) 27.66c (D) 84. 4.3. 4 and 5 (B) 2 and 3 only (C) 3 and 4 only MCQ 7.40 IES EC 2011 MCQ 7. 5.9 nJ/m3 (C) 139 nJ/m3 MCQ 7.

3 and 4 (D) 1 and 3 only m (C) 62. It increases as frequency increases.426 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. 3. It is inversely proportional to square root of f Which of the above statements are correct ? (A) 1 and 2 only (B) 3 and 4 only (C) 2 and 3 only MCQ 7. 4.3.2e jp/2 ohm MCQ 7.3.co. e = 10-79 /36p .45 IES EC 2010 2.3.47 IES EC 2010 ww w. (A) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he Consider the following statements regarding depth of penetration or skin depth in a conductor : 1.2e jp/4 ohm (D) 1. the average power per unit area conveyed by the wave is (A) 8 W/m2 (B) 4 W/m2 MCQ 7. (Electric or magnetic) field must have two orthogonal linear components.3.44 IES EC 2010 (C) 0. It is inversely proportional to square root of m and s. The two components must have a time-phase difference of odd multiple of 90c . Consider the following statements : 1. 2 and 3 MCQ 7.02e jp/4 ohm (B) 0.02e jp/2 ohm (D) 0.43 An elliptically polarized wave travelling in the positive z -direction in air has x and y IES EC 2010 components Ex = 3 sin (wt . co The intrinsic impedance of copper at 3 GHz (with parameters : m = 4p # 10-7 H/m . lp. Reason (R) : The dielectric constant of the vacuum is unity and is lesser than that of any other medium.8 # 107 mho/m ) will be (A) 0.46 IES EC 2010 at e It is directly proportional to square root of m and s.nodia. Which of these are the necessary and sufficient conditions for a time-harmonic wave to be circularly polarized at a given point in space ? (A) 1 and 2 only (B) 2 and 3 only (C) 1. and s = 5.in MCQ 7. The two components must have the same magnitude.bz + 75c) V/m If the characteristic impedance of air is 360 W. 2. 3.3.5 mW/m2 (D) 125 mW/m2 .bz) V/m Ey = 3 sin (wt . g Assertion (A) :The velocity of light in any medium is slower than that of vacuum. 2.

such that an incident wave is reflected in the same direction ? (A) 30c (B) 45c (C) 60c MCQ 7.3. the vector product E # H is a measure of which one of the following? (A) Stored energy density of the electric field . (where ay is the unit vector in y -direction).48 IES EC 2009 Shop Online at www.3.3.53 The electric field component of a wave in free space is given by IES EC 2006 E = 25 sin (107 t + kz) ay V/m Which one of the following is the correct inference that can be drawn from this expression ? GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (D) 90c lp.co.49 IES EC 2008 (B) Stored energy density of the magnetic (D) Power dissipated per unit volume (E) Rate of energy flow per unit area MCQ 7. then the wave is said to be which one of the following ? (A) Right circularly polarized (B) Right elliptically polarized (D) Left elliptically polarized co m According to Poynting theorem.3.in In which direction is the plane wave E = 35 sin ^108 t + 2z h ay V/m .50 IES EC 2007 (C) Left circularly polarized MCQ 7.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 427 For View Only (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 7. ga te Poynting vector is a measure of which one of the following ? (A) Maximum power flow through a surface surrounding the source (B) Average power flow through the surface (C) Instantaneous power flow through the surface (D) Power dissipated by the surface MCQ 7.52 IES EC 2007 ww w.3. If E = (ax + jay) e-jbz .3.51 IES EC 2007 What must be angle q of a corner reflector.nodia. travelling ? (A) along y direction (B) along y direction (C) along z direction (D) along z direction MCQ 7.

3.5 m (C) The wave number k = 0. 81e0) is E = 50 cos (6p # 108 t .25 (B) 4.3.bx) a y What is the phase constant b of the wave ? (A) 2p rad/m (B) 9p rad/m (D) 81 rad/m (C) 2.nodia.3.co.428 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. What is the average power crossing a circular area of radius 4 m in the plane x = constan t ? (A) 480 W (B) 340 W (D) 60 W What is the effect of the earth’s magnetic field in the reflected wave at frequencies in the vicinity of gyro-frequency ? (A) No attenuation in the reflected wave (B) Decreased attenuation in the reflected wave (C) Increased attenuation in the reflected wave (D) Nominal attenuation in the reflected wave GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (C) right elliptically polarised lp.2x) ay V/m .33 rad/m (D) The wave attenuates as it travels MCQ 7.55 IES EC 2004 MCQ 7.25 (C) 120 W MCQ 7.25 (D) 1.5 MCQ 7.3. g If the phase velocity of a plane wave in a perfect dielectric is 0. t) = 60 (wt .3.4 times its value in free space.7h .54 IES EC 2005 For an electromagnetic wave incident on a conducting medium. Which one of the following statements is correct ? A right circularly polarised wave is incident from air onto a polystyrene ^er = 2. The reflected wave is (A) right circularly polarised (B) left circularly polarised (D) left elliptically polarised co m .3.56 IES EC 2004 (C) 18p rad/m MCQ 7.59 IES EC 2004 ww In free space E (x.57 IES EC 2004 at e The electric field of a wave propagating through a lossless medium (m0. then what is the relative permittivity of the dielectric ? (A) 6.58 IES EC 2004 w.in (A) The wave propagates along y -axis (B) The wavelength is 188. the depth of penetration (A) is directly proportional to the attenuation constant (B) is inversely proportional to the attenuation constant (D) is independent of the attenuation constant (C) has a logarithmic relationship with the attenuation constant MCQ 7.

433 (C) q2 = sin-1 0. 3.62 IES EC 2003 Match List I (Nature of Polarization) with List II (Relationship Between X and Y Components) for a propagating wave having cross-section in the XY plane and propagating along z -direction and select the correct answer : List-I List-II a. The electric and magnetic field strengths of the incident wave are denoted by E1 and H1 respectively whereas Er and Hr denote these quantities for the reflected wave. and Et and Ht for the transmitted wave. co (C) 1 and 3 (D) 2 and 3 m Select the correct answer using the codes given below (A) 1. Elliptical Codes : (A) (B) (C) (D) a 1 4 1 4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. If e1 = 2e2 and q1 = 60c. X and Y components are in same phase 2. X and Y components have arbitrary phase difference 3.3. Linear 1.3.60 A plane electromagnetic wave travelling in a perfect dielectric medium of intrinsic IES EC 2003 impedance h1 is incident normally on its boundary with another perfect dielectric medium of characteristic impedance h 2 .co. Ei = h1 Hi 2. X component lags behind Y by 90c b. 2 and 3 (B) 1 and 2 . The incident ray makes an angle of q1 with the normal to the boundary surface. Left circular c. Right circular d.nodia. Er = h1 Hr Et = h 2 Ht MCQ 7.61 IES EC 2003 (B) q2 = sin-1 0. X component leads Y by 90c 4.612 (D) There will be no transmitted wave MCQ 7.in MCQ 7. The ray transmitted into the other medium makes an angle of q2 with the normal. which one of the following is correct ? (A) q2 = 45c lp.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 429 For View Only Shop Online at www.3. ga te b 4 1 4 1 c 2 2 3 3 d 3 3 2 2 he A plane electromagnetic wave travelling in a perfect dielectric medium of dielectric constant e1 is incident on its boundary with another perfect dielectric medium of dielectric constant e2 . Which of the following relations are correct ? 1.

m wms/2 (E 2) Et /Ht E#H (C) A is true but R is false .nodia.3. 3.3.64 IES EC 2002 List-I a. 2. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 7.ay E x Z0 Z0 w.65 IES EC 2002 (C) ax MCQ 7.3. 4. b.ax y (B) ay Ex + ax y Z0 Z0 Z0 Z0 (D) .in MCQ 7. g If the E field of a plane polarized EM wave travelling in the z -direction is : E = ax Ex + ay Ey then its H field is : E E (A) ay Ex .co.ay E x Z0 Z0 at e a 1 4 1 4 b 2 3 3 2 c 3 2 2 3 he lp. c. co List-II r 2h 2 Match List I with List II and select the correct answer : 1. Reason (R) : The direction of propagation of incident wave will reverse after striking a conductor surface.430 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. electrical field is perpendicular to direction of propagation 2.63 Assertion (A) : For an EM wave normally incident on a conductor surface the IES EC 2002 magnetic field H undergoes a 180c phase reversal and the phase of electric field E remains same.3.66 IES EC 2002 Consider the following statements : For electromagnetic waves propagating in free space : 1. 3. Propagation constant Radiation intensity Wave impedance Codes : (A) (B) (C) (D) MCQ 7.ax Ey . electrical field is along the direction of propagation magnetic field is perpendicular to direction of propagation magnetic field is along the direction of propagation Which of these statements are correct ? (A) 1 and 3 (B) 1 and 4 (C) 2 and 3 (D) 2 and 4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Ey . 4.

ax bAx sin ^wt .70 IES EE 2012 MCQ 7.3.p.3.1x cos (106 t . ga te The vector magnetic potential of a particular wave traveling in free space is given by A = ax Ax sin ^wt .3.5e-0.3.co.68 IES EC 2001 (D) me The phenomenon of microwave signals following the curvature of earth is known as (A) Faraday effect (B) ducting (C) wave tilt (D) troposcatter MCQ 7.14 m (C) The wave travels along + x -direction (D) The wave is polarized in the z -direction MCQ 7.ay wAx cos ^wt .bz h (D) .2x) az A/m (A) The wave frequency is 106 r.74 IES EE 2011 (C) 20 sin ^wt + bz h ay (D) 20 sin ^wt + bz h ax GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia In free space H field is given as H ^z.72 IES EE 2012 ww w.3.in MCQ 7. (B) the average electric energy and the average magnetic energy densities are equal (C) the net average energy density is finite (D) the average electric energy density is not dependent on the average magnetic energy density MCQ 7.3.69 IES EC 2001 (B) The wavelength is 3.73 IES EE 2011 When a plane wave propagates in a dielectric medium (A) the average electric energy and the average magnetic energy densities are not equal. the value of E/H is IES EC 2001 (A) m/e (B) e/m (C) 1 MCQ 7.3. The expression for the electric field will be (A) .71 IES EE 2012 (C) .bz h (B) . Skin depth is the distance from the conductor surface where the field strength has fallen to (A) p of its strength at the surface (B) e of its strength at the surface (D) ^1/pe h of its strength at the surface co m Which one of the following statements is NOT correct for a plane wave with H = 0.ax wAx cos ^wt . t h is 6p (A) 20 cos ^wt + bz h ax (B) 20 cos ^wt + bz h az he (C) ^1/e h of its strength at the surface lp. t h =.nodia.bz h MCQ 7.bz h where Ax is a constant.3.s .Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 431 For View Only Shop Online at www.bz h The depth of penetration of a wave in a lossy dielectric increases with increasing (A) conductivity (B) permeability (C) wavelength (D) permittivity MCQ 7.1 cos ^wt + bz h ay E ^z.ay bAx sin ^wt .67 In a uniform plane wave.

3.3.79 IES EE 2010 In free space E (Z.76 IES EE 2011 (D) 10 # 3 # 108 (B) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (D) Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true MCQ 7. Reason (R) : Tangential component of electric field intensity and normal component of magnetic field intensity are zero on a perfect conductor surface. 3.80 IES EE 2009 In free space E (Z. The average power crossing a circular area of p square metres in the plane z = constant is (B) 15p watt/m2 (A) 16p watt/m2 (C) 14p watt/m2 ww w.432 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.bz h ax V/m . In conducting medium the field attenuates exponentially with increasing depth.75 If electric field intensity phasor of an EM wave in free space is E = 6e-j4y ax V/m IES EE 2011 . (B) 60paz (C) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false co Assertion (A) : Electromagnetic waves propagate being guided by parallel plate perfect conductor surface.3. 2. (A) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (D) 13p watt/m2 m . 4. t) = 120p cos ^wt .The angular frequency w. The skin depth for the material is (A) zero (B) infinity (D) 14 m lp. t) = 60p cos ^wt . m = 7m0 and s = 0 . is (B) 4y # 3 # 108 (A) 4 # 3 # 108 (C) t # 3 # 108 MCQ 7. g at e MCQ 7. in rad/s.3.bZ h ax Vm-1 What is the average power in Wm-2 ? (A) 30paz (D) 120paz (C) 90paz GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he A uniform plane wave is propagating in a material for which e = 4e0 .nodia. the Poisson’s equation becomes Laplace’s equation.co.78 IES EE 2010 Consider the following statements : 1.77 IES EE 2010 (C) 28 m MCQ 7. (B) 1. 2 and 3 only (C) 2. In charge-free region. 2. 3 and 4 In lossless dielectric relaxation time is infinite.3. (A) 1. 3 and 4 only (D) 1. Conducting medium behaves like an open circuit to the electromagnetic field. 3 and 4 only MCQ 7.3.in MCQ 7.

co Consider the following statements in connection with electromagnetic waves : 1.83 IES EE 2008 (B) Reflection (C) Longitudinal nature of electromagnetic wave (D) Transverse nature of electromagnetic wave MCQ 7.82 IES EE 2009 2.3.81 The electric field of a uniform plane wave is given by : IES EE 2009 E = 35 sin ^3p # 108 t .pZ h (. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 7. 3. At radio and microwave frequencies the relaxation time is much less than the period Intrinsic impedance of a perfect dielectric medium is a pure resistance.pZ h ax + 45 cos ^3p # 108 t .pZ h (. Reason (R) : Electrons also travel with the same velocity as photons.pZ h ay + 10 cos ^3p # 108 t .84 IES EE 2007 Assertion (A) : The velocity of electromagnetic waves is same is same as velocity of light. Conducting medium behaves like an open circuit to the electromagnetic field.3. 4.3.pZ h ay Vm-1 What is the corresponding magnetic field H (A) 10 sin ^3p # 108 t . ga te What causes electromagnetic wave polarization ? (A) Refraction he Which is these statements is/are correct ? (A) 1 only (B) 1 and 2 only (D) 2.ax ) Am-1 377 377 .in MCQ 7.pZ h ay + 10 cos ^3p # 108 t .pZ h . 3 and 4 lp.(ax ) Am-1 377 377 (C) 10 sin ^3p # 108 t .pZ h (ax ) Am-1 377 377 MCQ 7.ay) + 10 sin ^3p # 108 t .Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 433 For View Only Shop Online at www.pZ h (.co. m (D) 10 sin ^3p # 108 t .3. In loss-less dielectric the relaxation time is finite.ay) + 10 cos ^3p # 108 t . (C) 2 and 3 only MCQ 7.pZ h (.nodia.85 IES EE 2007 Fields are said to be circularly polarized if their magnitudes are (A) Equal and they are in phase (B) Equal and they differ in phase by ! 90c (C) Unequal and they differ in phase by ! 90c (D) Unequal and they are in phase GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3.ax ) Am-1 377 377 (B) 10 sin ^3p # 108 t .

3.nodia. (D) 0. An EM wave incident on a perfect dielectric is partially transmitted and partially reflected m .434 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.90 IES EE 2005 With the increase in frequency of an electromagnetic wave in free space.3.91 IES EE 2005 The E field of a plane electromagnetic wave travelling in a non-magnetic nonconducting medium is given by E = ax 5 cos ^109 t + 30Z h.89 IES EE 2005 A uniform plane wave has a wavelength of 2 cm in free space and 1 cm in a perfect dielectric.3. g (C) 4.3.I 2 3 ir 2sp b 2sp b 2 (C) I 2 iz (D) I if 2pb spb Consider the following statements regarding EM wave 1.3.co.0 at e he lp.5 MCQ 7.87 IES EE 2006 (D) curl curl A IES EE 2006 2. What is the dielectric constant of the medium ? (A) 30 (B) 10 (C) 9 (D) 81 MCQ 7.25 co (D) 1. the wave suffers total internal reflection Which of the statements given above are correct ? (A) Only 1 and 2 (B) Only 2 and 3 (C) Only 1 and 3 MCQ 7. What is the relative permittivity of the dielectric ? (A) 2.3.86 Which of the following is zero as applied to electromagnetic field ? IES EE 2006 (A) grad div A (B) div grad V (C) div curl A MCQ 7.88 What is the Poynting’s vector on the surface of a long straight conductor of radius b and conductivity s which carries current I in the z -direction ? 2 2 (B) I 2 2 ir (A) .92 IES EE 2005 2 E In the wave equation d2E = me2 E + ms2 which term is responsible for 2 2 t 2 t attenuation of the wave ? GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww (B) vc decreases and Zc increases w. An EM wave incident on a perfect conductor is fully reflected When an EM wave is incident from a more dense medium to less dense medium at an angle equal to or exceeding the critical angle. how do the velocity vc and characteristic impedance Zc change ? (A) vc increase and Zc decreases (C) Both vc and Zc increase (D) Both vc and Zc remain unchanged MCQ 7. 2 and 3 MCQ 7.0 (B) 0.3. 3.in MCQ 7.

3 and 4 (C) 2.in 2 (B) me2 E 22 t (D) All of the above three Consider the following statements : 1.ay E2 sin wt@e-jkz This wave is (A) Linearly polarised (B) Elliptically polarised (D) Left hand circularly polarised Assertion (A) : Skin depth is the depth by which electromagnetic wave has been increased to 37% of its original value. 2 and 3 (B) 1.3. the time varying electric fields must support time varying magnetic fields.94 IES EE 2005 (C) MCQ 7.93 IES EE 2005 Shop Online at www. 3.95 IES EE 2005 pf (ms) he What is the phase velocity of plane wave in a good conductor ? p fs (A) pfms (B) (ms) (D) 2 pf (ms) (C) Right hand circularly polarised MCQ 7.mJ (A) d2A .3. Gauss’s law is useful for determining field and potential distribution about bodies having unsymmetrical geometry.97 IES EE 2004 Which one of the following is the correct electromagnetic wave equation in terms of vector potential A ? 2 m 2 (B) d2A .me2A =.3. 4. 2 and 4 m For the propagation of electro-magnetic waves.J 2 e 22 2 t t 2 2 (C) d2A . (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 7.mJ 2 2 22 t t GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp.nodia. ga te The instantaneous electric field of a plane wave propagating in z -direction is E (t) = 6ax E1 cos wt . 3 and 4 MCQ 7.mJ (D) d2A .3.3.2A =.co.2A =.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 435 For View Only (A) d2E E (C) ms2 2 t MCQ 7. . Poisson’s equation finds application in vaccum tube and gaseous discharge problems 2. Reason (R) : The depth of penetration of wave in a lossy dielectric increases with increasing wavelength. co (D) 1.2A =.96 IES EE 2005 ww w. The unit of Poynting’s vector is W/m2 Which of the statements given above are correct ? (A) 1.

(D) 8 In a lossless medium the intrinsic impedance h = 60p and mr = 1.3.2x) az (A/m). What is the value of the dielectric constant er ? (A) 2 (B) 1 co (C) 1/er (D) 1/ er m Which one of the following statements is correct ? For a lossless dielectric medium.103 IES EE 2003 For a conducting medium with conductivity s.3.nodia. permeability m.3.3.0.99 IES EE 2004 MCQ 7.101 IES EE 2003 2 (B) d2H = me (2 H/2 2) t (D) Divergence of the field is zero MCQ 7.100 IES EE 2004 (C) 4 MCQ 7.in MCQ 7. g Given that H = 0.3.436 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. the phase constant for a travelling wave.1 + j2) (D) The wave is travelling along ax MCQ 7.co. and permittivity e.pz) ax + 10 cos (wt .3.102 IES EE 2003 (B) The velocity of the wave is 5 # 105 m/s (C) The complex propagation constant is (0.98 Which one of the following statements is correct ? The wavelength of a wave IES EE 2004 propagating in a wave guide is (A) smaller than the free space wavelength (B) greater than the free space wavelength (C) directly proportional to the group velocity (D) inversely proportional to the phase velocity MCQ 7. b is proportional to (A) er (B) er .104 IES EE 2003 The electric field of a uniform plane wave is given by E = 10 sin (10wt .5 exp 6. which one of the following statements is not correct ? (A) Wave is linearly polarized along az at e (C) Curl on the field is zero he An electromagnetic field is said to be conservative when 2 (A) d2E = me (2 E/2 2) t lp.3.1x @ sin (106 t .pz) ay (V/m) The polarization of the wave is (A) Circular (B) Elliptical (C) Linear (D) Undefined GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the skin depth for an electromagnetic signal at an angular frequency w is proportional to (A) s (B) 1/w (C) 1/ s (D) 1/m MCQ 7.

bz) ay A/m . The expression for E (z. t) = 5/12p cos (wt . t) = 2. co 6p 80p 1/7 8/7 m List II A plane wave whose electric field is given by E = 100 cos (wt .37. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. mr = 1 and s = 0 to a material ‘B’ having er = 9. ga te d Phase shift constant of medium ‘A’ Codes : a b c d (A) 4 1 2 3 (B) 2 3 4 1 (C) 4 3 2 1 (D) 2 1 4 3 he lp.bz) az (C) E (z.105 In free space H (z. The average power crossing a circular area of radius 24 m in plane z = constant is (A) 200 W (C) 300 W (B) 250 W (D) 350 W MCQ 7.in 7 MCQ 7. mr = 4 and s = 0 . t) = 37.7 cos (4 # 107 t . t) = 37. t) = 50 cos (wt .65 # 10 cos (4 # 107 t .3. Assertion (A) : The amplitude of electric field is (1/e2) (V/m) after the wave has travelled a distance of 20 cm in the conductor.bz) ay (B) E (z.nodia.bz) a x A/m .108 IES EE 2002 Consider a plane electromagnetic wave incident normally on the surface of a good conductor.co. t) is IES EE 2002 (A) E (z.107 IES EE 2002 In free space E (z.3.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 437 For View Only Shop Online at www.bz) ax V/m and H (z. The wave has an electric field of amplitude 1 V/m and the skin depth for the conductor is 10 cm.7 cos (4 # 107 t .bz) ax (D) E (z.20 cos (4 # 10 t . MCQ 7. t) = 0. 4.3. t) =.7 cos (4 # 107 t . 3. 2.6px) az passes normally from a material ‘A’ having er = 4.bz) ay MCQ 7. Reason (R) : Skin depth is the distance in which the wave amplitude decays to (1/e) of its value at the surface.106 IES EE 2002 List I a b c Intrinsic impedance of medium ‘B’ Reflection coefficient Transmission coefficient 1.3. Match items in List I with List II and select the correct answer : .

188 W. If the refracted EM wave is (Er . 1131 W. s = 0 2.in er is relative permittivity. and 377 W MCQ 7.3. A plane EM wave (Ei. Hi) travelling in a perfect dielectric medium of surge impedance ‘Z ’ strikes normally on an infinite perfect dielectric medium of surge impedance 2Z . mr = 2. er = 8. g *********** he (C) 3/4 and 3/2 lp.3. the ratios of Ei /Er and Hi /Hr are respectively (A) 3 and . er = 1. mr = 9. The value ‘ X% ’ is (A) Zero (B) 50% (D) 26% GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the field strength at a distance equal to the skin depth is X% of the field strength at its surface.109 Three media are characterised by IES EE 2001 1. The value of the intrinsic impedances of the media 1. 3.111 IES EE 2001 (C) 36% at e For a perfect conductor. mr is relative permeability and s is conductivity. mr = 4. s = 0 Shop Online at www. 1131 W and 188 W .nodia.110 IES EE 2001 MCQ 7.co. and 377 W (D) 1131 W. 2 and 3 respectively are (A) 188 W. 377 W and 1131 W (C) 188 W. Hr ).3 (B) 3/2 and 1/3 (D) 3/4 and 2/3 co m (B) 377 W.438 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only MCQ 7. s = 0 er = 4.3.

2 (c is the velocity of wave in free space) c 3 # 10 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Comparing it with equation (1).ax sin ^wt . using the property of complex conjugates we get jE E ^x.2 SOL 7.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 439 For View Only SOLUTIONS 7.bx h ay + C.ky h az A/m We get.C .ax e j (wt . H = H 0 cos ^wt . t h = 2 Re &. t h = Re "Es e jwt . the wave no is. Given the magnetic field intensity.kz h shows that the wave is propagating in + az direction.e E y 2j jE =. m . where Es is the phasor form of electric field.C.ax e-jbx e jwt ay .0 e.ky h az A/m Comparing it with the general equation of magnetic field. i.bx) ay 0 2 = Re ". 2 where C.bx h ay lp. E ^x.1.0 e. So.2jE 0 e-^a + jb hx ay V/m he Option (C) is correct. 7 k = w = 6 # 108 = 0. w = 6 # 107 So.1 Shop Online at www. co Option (B) is correct. H = 10 cos ^6 # 107 t . . Given magnetic field intensity in the non magnetic medium is H = 3 cos ^wt .3 Option (C) is correct. t h = E 0 e.1 SOL 7. Given the electric field intensity in time domain.nodia.ax .bx h . we get Es =. is complex conjugate of the 1st part.co. ga te j^wt . From the property of phasor.jE 0 e.kz h ax A/m The negative coefficient of z in ^wt .in SOL 7. (1) E ^x.bx h a = E 0 e.e-j^wt . we know that the instantaneous electric field is the real part of "Es e jwt .1.1.e.ax e j^wt .

Wavelength of an electromagnetic wave with phase constant b in a medium is defined as l = 2p b So.25 vp 2 # 10 SOL 7. m = m0 and the relative permittivity of the medium is given as 8 2 2 er = b c l = c 3 # 108 m = 2.1.5 m . w = 109 rad/ sec and b = 5.6 l Option (A) is correct. The general equation of electric field intensity of an EM wave propagating in az direction in a medium is given as E = E 0 cos ^wt .4 Option (D) is correct. T = 2p = 2p 8 = 12.bz h ax A/m We get.bx h ay A/m Comparing it with the given expression of electric field intensity. the phase velocity of the wave in the medium is given as 9 vP = w = 10 = 4 # 108 m/s 5 b Option (A) is correct.6 m ) b = 2p = 2p = 0.5 cos ^109 t . co SOL 7. So. w = 4 # 108 rad/s and b = 2 rad/m So.bx h ay A/m We get.7 SOL 7. Given the electric field intensity in the nonmagnetic material as E = 8 cos ^4 # 108 t . the phase velocity of the wave in the medium is given by v p = w = 3 # 108 m/s b Since the medium is non magnetic so.2x h ay V/m Comparing it with the general equation of electric field E = E 0 cos ^wt .co.5z h ax A/m Comparing it with the general equation of magnetic field intensity H = H 0 cos ^wt . g at e he lp.1. we get w = 5 # 108 rad/s So.1. Given magnetic field intensity in the non magnetic medium is H = 1. the phase constant of the wave in terms of wavelength can be given as (l = 12.nodia.1.in SOL 7.5 rad/m 12.57 ns w 5 # 10 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the time period of the EM wave is .440 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.6 Option (D) is correct.

5 # 106 = p # 106 and we get s = 3 # 107 = 0. ga te For View Only Shop Online at www. s = 3 # 107 S/m Relative permeability of medium.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 441 SOL 7.25h e0 h m0 = 0 = 377 = 323.25h e0 Therefore the intrinsic impedance of the material is jwm0 h = 0 + jw ^2. The general equation of electric field intensity of an EM wave propagating in ax direction in a medium is given as E = E 0 cos ^wt .co.1.93 ns 4 SOL 7. f = 0.in SOL 7. we have (lossless) s =0 (non magnetic) m = m0 and ( er = 2. Since the given material is lossless. s is conductivity and e is permittivity of the medium. 5 he lp.25 ) e = er e0 = ^2. Given.3 W = 377 W l b h0 = e0 1. we get w = 4 # 108 rad/s So.bx h ay A/m Comparing it with the given expression of electric field intensity. 1 So.1 # 1013 >> 1 6 we p # 10 # 8.1.nodia. mr = er .71 ns Since in one time period the wave travels its one wavelength (l) so. the angular frequency of the wave propagation is w = 2pf = 2p # 0. the time period of the wave in air is given as T = 2p = 2p 8 w 4 # 10 = 15.10 Option (B) is correct.8 Option (D) is correct.85 # 10-12 Therefore. time taken by the wave to travel l/4 distance is t = T = 4.5 MHz = 0.9 Option (D) is correct. Frequency of the wave propagation. co m . the phase constant of the propagating wave is given as wms ( s/we >> 1) b = 2 6 -7 7 = p # 10 # 4p # 10 # 3 # 10 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1.5 # 106 Hz Conductivity of medium. nonmagnetic and dielectric so.5 1. Intrinsic impedance of any material is given as jwm h = s + jwe where m is permeability.

s << we s << 1 or.c2 E sin z cos ct or.nodia.in SOL 7.12 Option (B) is correct.1D 2: 2 we m me 1 s =s =w 2 e 2 2 we Therefore. 2 2 22 t z Since. 2 2 22 t z From the given expression of field intensity we have 2 =.11 SOL 7.1. me 2 ( s/we << 1) a =w 1 + 1 a s k . the skin depth of the poor conductor is d = 1 =2 e a s m which is independent of frequency (w). conductivity is very low i.442 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. Attenuation constant for a plane wave with angular frequency w in a certain medium is given as me 2 (1) a =w 1 + a s k .29 rad/m So. the wavelength of the radio wave in the medium is l = 2p = 2. ^ h ^ h 0 22 z Thus. Wave equation for a plane wave propagating in + az direction is given as 2 2 2f 22 f where v p is the velocity of wave propagation .1D we 2: Since for a poor conductor.e. co m . lp. in equation (1) using binomial expansion we get.cE sin z sin ct E ^ h ^ h 0 2 t 2 2 E =.E sin z cos ct or. the electric field E satisfies the wave equation so it represents the field of a GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.8 mm b Option (C) is correct.e. we get 2 2 2 E .1.c 22 E = 0 where c is velocity of wave in free space i. ^ h ^ h 0 22 t 2 = E cos z cos ct E and ^ h ^ h 0 2 z 2 2 E =.vp 2 = 0 t z 22 2 Now from Assertion (A) the electric field is E = E 0 sin ^z h cos ^ct h ax It represents the electric field of a plane wave if it satisfies the wave equation 2 2 2 E . we So. g at e he = 7695.co.c 22 E = 0 .

37. co m . the maximum electric field intensity of the plane wave is = h0 H E = 377 # 24.3.1. SOL 7. Given the magnetic field intensity in free space is (1) H = 0. direction of wave propagation.j5h6^4h^4h . the maximum electric field intensity of the plane wave is given as = h0 H E max max where h0 is intrinsic impedance in air and H is the maximum magnetic field max intensity of the plane wave.33y h ax Therefore. = 6^2 + j5h^4ay + 2jaz h@ : 6^2 . the phase constant of the wave is 9 (c is velocity of wave in free space) b = w = 10 8 c 3 # 10 = 3.1. Now.1 cos ^109 t . w = 109 rad/ sec So.33 rad/m Now.6ax V/m SOL 7. ga te max he lp.377 ^ay h # 0. E =.46. the maximum magnetic field intensity of the plane wave is given as H = Hs : H ) s max where H is the complex conjugate of the magnetic field phasor.^3.08 kV/m max max ww w.by h az A/m Comparing equations (1) and (2) we get.by h az =. Given the magnetic field intensity of the plane wave in free space is Hs = ^2 + j5h^4ay + 2jaz h e-jbx A/m From the Maxwell’s equation.1 ns is E =.nodia.by h az A/m The general equation of magnetic field intensity of the EM wave propagating in ay direction is given as (2) H = H 0 cos ^wt .7 cos 6^109h^10-10h .37.in plane wave.13 Option (A) is correct. ak = ay and angular frequency.^2j h^2j h@ = 29 # 20 = 24.33h^10-2h@ax =.1 cos ^109 t . A and R both are true and R is the correct explanation of A.7 cos ^109 t .2jaz h@ H ) s GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia = ^2 + j5h^2 . electric field intensity in free space is defined as E =. So. Therefore.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 443 For View Only Shop Online at www.h0 ak # H where h0 is intrinsic impedance in free space and ak is direction of wave propagation.1 = 9.14 Option (C) is correct. electric field intensity of the wave at y = 1 cm at t = 0.1 A/m Therefore. ( h0 = 377 W ) So.co.j5h^4ay .

2a z 5 20 Therefore. where qn is the phase angle of intrinsic impedance given as tan 2qn = s we Now. for a perfect conductor s =1 .1.1 ^15ax + 36ay h e-j50z V/m h0 SOL 7. the phasor form of electric field intensity is Es = ^5ay .2z h mA/m Option (A) is correct. So. Given.6ay h e-j50z V/m h0 =. Given the instantaneous electric field in the free space is E = ^5ay .18 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3 r i. the phasor form of magnetic field intensity of the plane wave is given as where h0 is intrinsic impedance in free space Hs = 1 a k # Es h0 = 1 c 2ax . the electric field intensity of the wave in phasor form Es = ^5ax + 10az h e-j^4x .1.6ax h e-j50z V/m The phasor form of magnetic field is given in the terms of electric field intensity as Hs = 1 ^ak h # ^E h h0 where ak is the unit vector in the direction of wave propagation and h0 is the intrinsic impedance in free space.1.66e-j^4x .2az = 2ax .444 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 SOL 7.co.17 Option (B) is correct. (ak = az ) Hs = 1 ^az h # ^5ay .29.az m # ^5ax + 10az h e-j^4x .15 Option (D) is correct.50z h V/m So. 3 2qn = 90c qn = 45c So. at e he lp.6ax h cos ^wt . tan 2qn .nodia.2az = 4ax .5ax . electric field leads magnetic field by 45c or in other words magnetic field lags electric field by 45c.1.e.2z h V/m 120p 5 =.in SOL 7.16 Option (C) is correct. g For View Only Shop Online at www.az 4a x .6ax h e-j50z V/m h0 = 1 ^. co m . The time average power density of the EM wave is given as SOL 7. For any electromagnetic wave propagating in a medium electric field leads magnetic field by an angle qn .2z h V/m So we get the direction of wave propagation as ak = 4ax .

bz h ay 2 t Therefore the magnetic flux density vector is lp. Poynting vector in an EM field is defined as P = E#H where E is electric field intensity and H is the magnetic field intensity in the region.bz h ay B So. co db = w m0 e0 n = 100 cos ^wt . As the given electric field vector has the amplitude E 0 = _. the electric field intensity in the region is given as E = 100 cos ^wt .bz h ay m0 e0 = 3 # 1010 cos ^wt . . So. we get Pave = 52 + 102 4ax .2az 2 ^120ph c 20 m = 18. Now.az i So in the same direction the wave will be polarized.bz ha dt y 100b cos ^wt . ak is the unit vector in the direction of wave propagation and h0 is the intrinsic impedance in the free space.2 3 ax + 3 ay .in Pave = E ak 2h0 where E is the magnitude of the electric field intensity of the wave.20 ww w. From Maxwells’ equation we have B d # E =-2 2 t Given E = 100 cos ^wt .1. the poynting vector in the field is (H = B ) P = E#B m0 m0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia m SOL 7.bz h ax and as calculated in previous question the magnetic field intensity in the region is B = 3 # 1010 cos ^wt .9ax .34.co. ga te = B = # 100b sin ^wt .Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 2 445 For View Only Shop Online at www.21 Option (B) is correct.19 Option (A) is correct.bz h ax or.bz h ay w he Option (B) is correct.15az Watt/m2 SOL 7.bz h ay So. d # E = 100b sin ^wt .bz h ay SOL 7.1.1. =-2 = d # E = 100b sin ^wt .nodia.

Therefore. the magnetic flux density in the phasor form is given as Bs = 1 ^d # Es h jw where w = 6p # 108 as determined from the given expression of E . wm = 10 ^25 + 50 sin2 px h 144p at e he lp. For an EM wave propagating in two mediums.1. SOL 7. from Maxwell’s equation. g p p Bs =. the wavelength of plane wave in free space is given as l0 = 1 er l l0 = l er where l is the wavelength of the wave in the medium with relative permittivity er . Es = 10 sin pye-jp/2 e-j b px az So. the wavelengths of the wave in two mediums are related as l1 = e2 e1 l2 where l1 and l2 are the wavelengths of EM wave in two mediums with permittivity e1 and e2 respectively. the time average energy density stored in the magnetic field will be where B s* is the conjugate of Bs wm = 1 ^Bs : B s*h 4m0 -9 or.1. co m .23 Option (A) is correct. (l = 20 cm .22 So. So.1. So. Time average stored energy density in electric field is defined as we = 1 e0 Es : E s* 4 where Es is the electric field intensity in phasor form and E s* is its conjugate.in 10 83 # 10 cos ^wt . SOL 7.bz h az m0 m0 SOL 7. Given the electric field E = 10 sin py sin ^6p # 108 t .3 px h az V/m In phasor form.446 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. er = 9 ) l0 = 20 9 = 60 cm GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.bz h az = 10 4 e0 cos2 ^wt .bz h ayB = 6100 cos ^wt .nodia.bz h ax@ # m0 12 = 3 # 10 cos2 ^wt .24 Option (A) is correct.10 3 p 8 ^sin py h e-j 2 e-j 3 px ay + j 10p 8 ^cos py h e-j 2 e-j 3 px ay 6p # 10 6p # 10 Therefore.co. the average stored energy density in the region is we = e0 _5 sin pxe-jp/2 e-j 3 pz ay i : _5 sin pxe+jp/2 e j 3 pz ay i 4 25e0 sin2 px = 4 Option (A) is correct.

co m For View Only Shop Online at www.1 3 1/2 + 1 Therefore. the time taken by the charge to flow out to the surface is ^2.85 # 10-12h t.nodia.25h # ^8.25e0 Therefore. s = 10-12 S/m and relative permittivity of the glass. Given.in SOL 7. the magnitude of electric field of reflected wave is (E 0 is the magnitude of incident field) Er = GE 0 =. So. the permittivity of glass is e = e0 er = 2. Since the intrinsic impedance of the dielectric medium is given as m m0 h = = 0 h = e 2 4e0 h /2 . ga te Option (A) is correct.25 So.h0 G = h + h0 where h is intrinsic impedance of the dielectric medium and h0 is intrinsic impedance in free space. the reflection coefficient for the wave propagating from free space to a dielectric medium is given as h .Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 447 SOL 7. 20 sec .h0 So. e = s 10-12 = 19. er = 2. Conductivity of the glass.co.1 = =. we have G = 0 h0 /2 + h0 1/2 .E 0 3 *********** he lp. The reflection coefficient of the wave propagating from medium 1 to medium 2 is defined as h .1.9 .26 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.h1 G = 2 h 2 + h1 where h1 and h2 are the intrinsic impedance of the two mediums respectively.25 Option (D) is correct.1.

Time period of wave propagating in a medium is given as : where w is the angular frequency of the wave.co.3 cos ^wt .33 Now the intrinsic impedance of the medium is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.8 Conductivity (lossless medium) s =0 Since phase velocity of an EM wave in a medium is defined as vp = c mr er where c is the velocity of wave in air.448 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only SOLUTIONS 7.p/4h Therefore we get the plot of H versus y as shown below lp. mr is the relative permeability of the medium and er is the relative permittivity of the medium.2 Option (D) is correct.3 cos a p .8h er or.2 Shop Online at www.5 cos ^by . g at e he So.by h ax A/m (T = 2p/w ) . H = 0. Phase velocity of the medium. we have 8 (c = 3 # 108 m/s ) 7.nodia.1 Option (D) is correct. mr = 4.5 # 107 = 3 # 10 ^4. co m SOL 7. So. er = 3.by l ax = 0.in SOL 7.2.3 cos b wT .2.5 # 107 m/s Relative permeability. v p = 7. at t = T/8 the magnetic field intensity is H = 0.by k ax 8 4 or. T = 2p w Given the magnetic field intensity in the free space is H = 0.

Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 449 For View Only SOL 7.3x ay = 11.3x ay mA/m 452.5 # 107h = 2.3x h ay = 11. the magnetic field intensity of the EM wave in time domain is H ^x.25 # 107 So. ak =. the attenuation constant of a propagating wave is given as me 2 a =w 1 + a s k + 1D 2: we Let x0 = 2 1 +a s k we m0 e0 Therefore.8 = 452.05 cos ^wt + 0.ax ) So.3h^7.ax and phase constant.25 # 107 t + 0. comparing the equations (1) and (2) we get direction of wave propagation.bx h ay V/m Comparing equation (1) and (2) we get.05 cos ^2. Given the electric field intensity of the propagating wave. ga te Shop Online at www.3x az h 45.33 Given the electric field intensity in the phasor form is (1) Es = 5e j0.3 rad/m and from the Maxwell’s equation.1h a =w 2 r r^ 0 2 or.24 = 5 e j0. a = 1 NP/m and w = 108 rad/ sec 3 So.bx h ay V/m The general equation of electric field intensity of plane wave propagating in ax direction is given by (2) E = E 0 e.3x h ay mA/m he lp.3x az V/m and the general equation of electric field phasor of an EM wave propagating in ax direction is (2) Es = E 0 e-jbx az V/m So.1h = 2 2a w m0 e0 mr er GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.nodia. ^x 0 . co m . m e x .3 Option (D) is correct. t h = Re "Hs e jwt .ax sin ^wt . (ak =. = 11.co. the magnetic field phasor of the wave is given as Hs = 1 ^ak h # Es h where h is the intrinsic impedance of the medium and ak is the unit vector in the direction of wave propagation. (1) E = E 0 e-x/3 sin ^108 t .in jwm m0 mr (s = 0) h = = s + jwe e0 er m0 4.4 W = 377 W l = 377 b h0 = e0 3.ax h # ^5e j0. Hs = 1 ^.05e j0. b = 0.4 and the angular frequency of the wave is given as w = bv p = ^0.2.

1G 9 10 p8e0 = 0. Therefore. loss tangent = s = 0.2. we put a = 1/3 . g at e he lp. mr = 0. mr = er = 4 . we get 2 2 # ^1/3h2 c 0 1 8 2 cc 0 = m e = 3 # 10 m/s m ^108h # ^4h2 0 0 1/3 # 3 # 108 2 x0 .52 we Option (C) is correct. er = 8 .1 we 64 Thus.01 2 = 109 p = 1 + c 109 p8e m + 1G 2 0 = 20.2.9425 Initially the amplitude of the electric field = 0.66 mm 9 # ^20. w = 108 so. er = 8 . w = 109 p and it is given that.5e. From the field intensity we get.95h Option (A) is correct. s = 0.az . from the given data we have mr = 0.5 .95 Let the distance travelled by the wave be z to have a phase shift of 10c. So.1D we 2: x0 .01 S/m . bz = 10c = 10p rad 180 p z = = 16. the phase constant.5h = 2 2 1 + c 0.co.1 = SOL 7.450 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.01 S/m . The attenuation constant of a propagating wave in a medium is defined as me 2 a =w 1 + a s k . So. the distance travelled by the wave for which the amplitude of the wave GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww SOL 7.nodia.5h 0.5 So.4 Now.5 w. after travelling distance z amplitude of wave = 0.1 = 2e o 108 # 4 x0 = 1 + 1 8 x0 = 9 8 2 1 +a s k = 9 we 8 s = 81 . s = 0. a = 109 p m0 e0 ^8 h^0. co m . me 2 b =w 1 + a s k + 1D wt 2: m0 e0 ^8 h^0.01 m .5 .in Now. So.

9425 SOL 7. an = a z (in free space b = w ) and we get.5 # 60 100 e-^0. Given the field intensities of the plane wave as E ^x.5e. H = 1.nodia. co m (1) (2) he . So.7h^3 # 108h bhc mr = c = H wh0 m > ^5 # 106 ph^377h = 5.6 SOL 7.224 m-1 vp 7 # 10 Since.az = 0. we get E = 900 .9 H and phase constant of the wave in the medium is 6 p b = w = 5 # 10 7 = 0.6 0. General equation of electric field intensity of a plane wave propagating in free space in .37 Again from equation (1) 2 h 2 er = b 0 l mr = b 377 l # 8.bx h ay V/m H ^x.9 cos ^5 # 106 pt .2. t h = 900 cos ^5 # 106 pt .ax direction having amplitude E 0 and frequency w is given as : E = E 0 cos ^wt + bx h an where b is phase constant of the wave and an is the unit vector in the direction of polarization of wave and since the EM wave is polarized in + az direction. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 451 For View Only Shop Online at www.37 = 4. z = 1 ln b 1 l = 542 mm 0. t h = 1.7 lp.co.4 h 473.9425hz = 0.224h^473. w = 5 # 106 p Now. ga te Option (A) is correct. the intrinsic impedance in the medium is E h = = 900 = 473.bx h az V/m So. = h0 h = e er w =w me and b = r r vp c Comparing the equation (1) and (2) we get. the magnetic field intensity of the wave is given as H = 1 ^ak h # ^E h h0 where ak is the unit vector in the direction of wave propagation and h0 is the intrinsic impedance of the wave in the medium. for a perfect dielectric s = 0 m mr Therefore.6 or.7 1.in reduced by 40% is evaluated as (amplitude reduces to 60% ) 0. ^0.7 Option (B) is correct.2.9 . E = E 0 cos a wt + w x k az c c Therefore.

k = awk = wc x m 2 2 2 c c 3 1 +1 +1 m . g at e he and since the field is polarized parallel to x -z plane So. Skin depth (d) of any medium is defined as the reciprocal of attenuation constant (a) of a plane wave in the medium i.2.in So. d = 1 a The attenuation constant of the plane wave in the medium is given as me 2 a =w 1 + a s k .85 # 10-12 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w ax + ay + az : max + naz = 0 =c c mG . the wave is propagating in the direction from origin to point ^1. 1h. (ak =. and r = xax + yay + zaz c is the position vector.nodia. the electric field of wave is always perpendicular to the direction of propagation of EM wave.1D we 2: Now.w ^x + y + z hDb ax . the unit vector in the direction of polarization of the wave is max + ^. 3 m2 + n2 E m+n = 0 m =. we get the electric field of the wave as a + ay + a z ax . ^ax + ay + az h .co.ax ) H = 1 ^.m h az (m =.2. General equation of electric field intensity of a plane wave propagating in free space is given as : (1) E = E 0 cos ^wt .k : r h an where an is unit vector in direction of polarization. s = 2 2 = we 2pfer e0 2p # 50 # 103 # 80 # 8. where m and n are constants.az E = E 0 cos =wt .0 a + ay + a z So.n ) = ax . an = max 2+ naz m + n2 Now.n Therefore.ax h # 9E 0 cos a wt + w x k azC h0 c = E 0 cos a wt + w x k ay h0 c Option (B) is correct. co Shop Online at www.452 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only SOL 7.az an = 2 2 2 m + ^. 1. we have k : an = 0 lp. k is the wave number in the direction of wave propagation with amplitude k = b = w .az l 3c 3 w.w c x m : ^xax + yay + zaz hGb c 3 2 l = E 0 cos :wt . So. Since.e.m h Putting all the values in equation (1).9 Option (C) is correct.8 SOL 7.

2y h az V/m Comparing it with the general equation of electric field of a plane wave.0.nodia. for the successful experiment.2 So. co m .Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 453 For View Only Shop Online at www. d = a 0. we wms ( s/we >> 1) So.25 # 107 So.11 Option (A) is correct.e.85 # 10-12 = 1. # er where c is velocity of wave in air and er is the relative permittivity of the medium.4p Option (B) is correct. 8 2 So. ga te = 8991. width of coating must be greater than skin depth i. For the microwave experiment the angular frequency is ( f = 10 GHz ) w = 2pf = 2p # 10 # 109 10 = 2p # 10 s = 6.co. the complex permittivity of the medium is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2.2. a = 2 3 -7 = 2p # 50 # 10 # 4 # 4p # 10 # 2 = 0.in SOL 7.64 mm he lp.2y h ax + 2 sin ^107 t . the skin depth of the material is 2 ( s/we >> 1) d = 1= wms a 2 = 10 2p # 10 # 1 # 4p # 10-7 # 6.25 # 107 = 6.4p 2 1 = 1 = 0. w = 107 Phase constant. Given.796 m Therefore. b = 0.636 mm Thus.e. the phase velocity of the propagating wave is 7 v p = w = 10 = 5 # 107 m/s 0. we get Angular frequency.36 # 10-7 m = 0. the electric field intensity of the plane wave E = 3 cos ^107 t .2 b c = 5 107 or.10 SOL 7. er = c 3 # 107 m = 36 5 # 10 Therefore.12 # 108 >> 1 Therefore.0.8 >> 1 s >> 1 i.636 t > 0. t > 0. 10 we 2p # 10 # 1 # 8. permittivity of the medium is e = er e0 = 36e0 Now.

the wave is propagating in free space so. the skin depth of a metal is 2 = 2 d = 1 = 15 a wms 10 # 4p # 10-7 # 106 1 2 = 10-7 . co m . Conductivity of all the metals are in the range of mega siemens per meter and frequency of the visible waves are in the range of 1015 Hz . the velocity of the wave is 3 # 108 m/s and the amplitude of magnetic field intensity in z = 0 plane is given as H0 = E0 h0 Therefore. Since. the plot of magnetic field intensity H 0 versus time t in z = 0 plane is as shown in the figure below : w.12 Shop Online at www.nodia. he lp. 1015 Hz Now.jem el = e = 36e0 7 em = s = 2 # 10 = 2 7 w 10 ec = ^24e0 .in ec = el . the skin depth is in the range of nanometers for a metal and that’s why the wave (visible wave) can’t penetrate inside the metal and the metals are opaque. (A) and (R) both are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). i.454 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only where and Thus. 106 S/m Frequency of a visible wave .e.2.co. 1 nm = 2p # 4p # 1014 Thus. So. we can assume Conductivity of a metal . a =w 2 2 we Therefore. SOL 7. s >> we me s = wms So. g at e Option (B) is correct.2.1D 2: we Since for a metal.13 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (D) is correct. the attenuation constant of a wave in a certain medium is given as : me 2 a =w 1 + a s k .j5h F/m SOL 7.

06 + 0.15 Option (D) is correct.08h # 10-6 = 0. co m .h1 G = 2 h 2 + h1 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in Since.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 455 For View Only Shop Online at www. Velocity of the wave in free space is m0 = 3 # 108 m/s c = e0 So. ga te Option (D) is correct. the velocity of the wave in dielectric 1 is m0 vP1 = =c 2 4e0 The velocity of wave in dielectric 2 is m0 vP2 = =c 9e0 3 The velocity of wave in dielectric 3 is m0 vP3 = = c 3e0 3 Therefore.2.t h # 3 # 108 m at t = 1 m sec . the time t taken by the wave to strike the interface at x = 5 m is t = t1 + t 2 + t 3 6 = + 3 + 2 3 # 108 c/2 c/3 = ^0. the wave is propagating in + az direction so. Intrinsic impedance of 1st medium is m0 h1 = e1 and the intrinsic impedance of 2 nd medium is m0 h2 = e2 So.04 + 0. the plot of H1 versus z will be as shown in figure below SOL 7.06 m sec he lp.nodia. the reflection coefficient at the interface of the two medium is given as h .2.14 SOL 7. So.t h # 3 # 108 m Thus. an amplitude which exists in the plane z = 0 at any time t must exist in the plane z = ^1 # 10-6 .co. the amplitude of H 0 will be equal to the H1 at t = 1 m sec for the plane z = ^106 .

the instantaneous expression of electric field intensity will be.az = 20 log 10 e-^3.2.32 # 10-3 m Permittivity of dielectric. Frequency of the wave.40 dB ww w. g at e m0 m0 e2 e1 G = m0 m0 + e2 e1 1 .jaz h e-jbx So.456 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.18 Option (A) is correct. (given G = 1 ) 5 5 1 + 1 e2 e1 1 . f = 8 GHz = 8 # 109 Hz Distance travelled by the wave.175 # 10-3 m Permittivity of dielectric.99 # 105 S/m he 4 SOL 7. m = 6.14h # (8 # 109) # (6. the conductivity of the dielectric medium is given as 1 s = 1 2 = pfmd 3.14h # (50 # 106) # (6. f = 50 MHz = 50 # 106 Hz Skin depth of the dielectric medium. Given Frequency of the propagating wave.28 # 10-7) # (0.95 # 10 h # ^0.28 # 10-7) # ^0.2. Given the electric field intensity in phasor form Es = E 0 ^ay . the reducing factor of the field intensity in dB after travelling distance z is 20 log 10 e.99 # 105 S/m So.17 Option (A) is correct. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp.32 # 10-3h2 ^ = 0.175 # 10 h =.in SOL 7.co.32 mm = 0. .28 # 10-7 and as calculated in previous question the conductivity of the dielectric medium is s = 0.2.nodia.e2 e1 1 = e2 5 1+ e1 5+1 = 2 (by rationalisation) 5-1 2 e2 e1 6 = e1 e2 4 e1 = 9 e2 4 Option (D) is correct. d = 0. m = 6.1 e2 e1 1 = or.175 mm = 0. z = 0.16 SOL 7.99 # 105) = 3. -3 co m . the attenuation constant of the wave in the dielectric medium is a = pfms = ^3.95 # 10 4 NP/m Therefore.28 # 10-7 So.

co = E 0 ^ay cos ^wt h + az sin ^wt hh e-jbx Therefore. Es = 4 ^az . he lp. the rotation from y to z obeys the right hand rule. the wave is circularly polarized.jax h e-jby So.jaz h6cos ^wt h + j sin ^wt h@. the wave is circularly polarized.e.4 cos wt GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. = Re "E 0 ^ay .az + jax h^cos wt + j sin wt h. q = wt Therefore as the time increases.bx h. E rotates from y to z as shown in figure below : m . ga te and since the direction of wave propagation is in + ax direction so.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 457 For View Only Shop Online at www.az + jax h e jby and the instantaneous expression of the electric field of reflected wave will be E = Re "4 ^.cos ^wt h az .nodia.e. the magnitude of the field is E = ^E 0 cos wt h2 + ^E 0 sin wt h2 or.4 sin wt . E1 2 + E 2 2 = 4 which is a circular equation i. the instantaneous angle q that the field E makes with y -axis is given as tan q = E 0 sin wt E 0 cos wt or.co. Now. E1 2 + E 2 2 = E 0 which is a circular equation i.jax )@ e jby where G is the reflection coefficient at the interface. (for perfect conductor G =. Now. e jby = 4 ^.sin ^wt h ax h e jby Therefore. Thus. the magnitude of the reflected field is E = ^4 cos wt h2 + ^4 sin wt h2 or. the electric field intensity of the reflected wave will be Ers = G 64 (az .19 Option (B) is correct.2. we conclude that the field is Right hand circularly polarized. Therefore.1) Ers = 4 ^.in E = Re $E 0 ^ay . e-jbx SOL 7.jaz h e j^wt . the instantaneous angle q that E makes with z -axis is given as tan q = . Given the phasor form of electric field intensity.

Ei0 =.j10az e-j4y sin 4x V/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.co. the net electric field intensity of the total wave in free space after reflection will be Es = Eis + Ers = 10az e-j^6y + 8x h + 6. the rotation from z to x follows left hand rule.458 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. Since the direction of wave propagation is along .ay . electric field E rotates from z to x as shown in the figure below : SOL 7.in q = wt So. Thus.8ax h as shown in figure below : he lp.10az e-j^6y .nodia. co m . ( G =. the direction of wave propagation is K = 6ay + 8ax Since the wave is incident on the perfect conductor so. Eis = 10az e-j^6y + 8x h So. we conclude that the EM wave is LHC (left hand circularly) polarized.20 Therefore.e-8x h =.10az e-j^6y . so. g at e Option (C) is correct. the field intensity of the reflected wave is Ers =. Given the electric field intensity of incident wave.10az The direction of wave propagation of reflected wave will be along ^6ay .8x h@ = 10az e-j6y ^e-j8x . the magnitude of the reflected wave is given as.1 for perfect conductor) Er 0 =.2. as time increases.8x h Thus.

6az .15ay .8ay h # ^.8ay So. ga te he lp.8ay h k 6az .nodia.8ay direction as shown in figure below: . Given.0.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 459 SOL 7. the magnitude of the electric field of the reflected wave is (reflection coefficient. So. the direction of the wave propagation is k = 6a z + 8 a y Since the wave is incident on a perfect conductor so. Given.6az . the time average power density of the EM wave is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.25ax e-j^6z .in SOL 7. Eis = 25ax e-j^6z + 8y h V/m So.20az h e-j^6z . ak = k = = ^0.25ax The reflected wave will propagate in 6az . the magnetic field intensity of a plane wave in terms of electric field intensity is defined as H = 1 ^ak # E h h0 where ak is unit vector in the direction of wave propagation and h 0 is the intrinsic impedance of free space.8y hh@ 120p = 1 6^.2.1) Er 0 =. the magnetic field intensity of the reflected wave is given as Hrs = 1 ^ak # Ers h h0 6az .2.Ei0 =.8y h V/m Since. the electric field intensity of the incident wave.25ax e-j^6z .22 So. co m For View Only Shop Online at www. H = 0. we get the electric field intensity of reflected wave as Ers =.co.by h ax A/m So.0. G =.21 Option (B) is correct.3y h A/m 4p 3p Option (D) is correct.8ay where.2 cos ^wt . we get Hrs = 1 6^0. the magnetic field intensity of the EM wave propagating in free space.8y h@ 120p a =-a y + az k e-j^2z .

the magnitude of the intrinsic impedance is given as m2 /e2 m0 /4e0 h2 = = 1/4 s2 2 1/4 0.31 mW # co lp.1) Pave = 1 ^120ph^0.6pax h : =0.04 m2 and an is the unit vector normal to the plate given as a + ay i.1 1+ :1 + a we2 k D > f b 5c l^4e0h pH 2 60p = ^15.e.23 where.1h2 ax 2 = 0. w m e =5 r1 r1 c w 4 1 =5 c ^ h^ h w = 5c 2 Now. Eis = 5e-j5y az V/m So. we get the phase constant of the wave as b1 = 5 (b = w ) vp he Ptotal = Pave : dS = Pave : San where S is the area of the square plate given as S = ^0. So.2 m ) .2. H = 0.6pax Therefore. the electric field intensity of the incident wave. m Pave = 1 h 0 H2 ax 2 where h0 is the intrinsic impedance in free space and H is the magnitude of magnetic field intensity in free space. an = x 2 a + ay So.04 c x mG 2 = 0. the total power passing through the square plate of side 20 cm is given as (Side of square = 0.460 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. the intrinsic impedance of the lossless medium is given as m1 m0 h1 = =2 = 2h0 = 754 e1 e0 and the intrinsic impedance of lossy medium is h2 = h2 qh2 at e Option (D) is correct.2h2 = 0.in SOL 7. g or.09331 Watt = 53. Ptotal = ^0.18h1/4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. ( h0 = 120p.co.nodia. Given.

2z h So.3ay + 3 az h ^.2ax .04p ^.2a = ^ x y zh 4 Option (C) is correct.3ay + 3 az h = (.3ay + 3 az h ak = k = k 0.57c .2az ak = k = k 9+3+4 1 .48 37.G = 12.08c Therefore.04p ^.2ax .57c So. bx x + by y + bz z = 0.3ay + 3 az 4 Therefore.3) 2 + ( 3 ) 2 x y z he lp.3ay + 3 az h and the direction of wave propagation is 0.3ay + 3 az iC : c 4 = 0. ga te Option (A) is correct.3x + 3 y .8186 1 .2) 2 + (.2ax . As calculated in previous question we have the propagation vector from the given data as k = 0.2ax .3az h Therefore.57c + 754 = 0.2ax .754 G = 2 = h2 + h1 95.h1 95.3ax + 3 ay .8186 1.2.04p _. the direction of the propagation of the wave is .01p ^. co = 95.5a + 2 a .77 we2 or qh2 = 37.25 .3ay + = 90.04p ^.2ax .01p ^. the propagation vector is k = d ^bx x + by y + bz z h = 0. the reflection coefficient of the wave is given as h .025 m 3 az m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .co.in SOL 7.48 37.48 and the phase angle of the intrinsic impedance is tan 2qh2 = s2 = 3.16p = ww w.2ax .Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 461 For View Only Shop Online at www.24 SOL 7.nodia.3ax + 3 ay .1886 171.0. the phase constant along the direction of propagation is b = k : ak . the standing wave ratio is 1+ G S = = 1 + 0.2. The general expression for phasor form of electric field vector is Es = E 0 e-j^b x + b y + b z h Comparing the given field with this expression we get.

nodia. the wavelength along the direction of wave propagation is l = 2p = 25. the apparent wave lengths along the three axes are lx = 2p = 2p = 50 = 28.3az h and the direction of wave propagation is 0.co.in So.7 m .04p ^ 3 x .462 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 SOL 7.2ay .2.3az h = 4 Therefore. bz =. k = p ^ 3 ax .87 m bx 3p 3 c 25 m 2p ly = 2p = =+ 25 m .3z h So.2p by b 25 l 2p lz = 2p = =+ 50 = 26. the frequency of the plane wave is ^3 # 108h^0.3p 25 25 25 Therefore.04p ^ 3 ax . As determined in previous question.2ay .26 Option (C) is correct From the given expression of magnetic field vector we get.5 m b SOL 7.3az h ak = k = k 0. y and z -axes are bx = 3 p .4 # 107 Hz f = 2p = 12 MHz he lp. g at e For View Only Shop Online at www. co m .16p Since the wave is propagating in free space so it’s phase velocity will be v p = 3 # 108 m/s w = 3 108 or.3az h ^ 3 ax .04p ^ 3 ax . From the given expression of the field vector. we have the propagation vector. by =.28 Option (D) is correct.2ay .2ay .16ph ( w = 2pf ) = 2.3p 3 bz b 25 l Option (A) is correct.2p . the propagation vector of the plane wave is k = d ^bx x + by y + bz z h = 0.2y . the phase constant along the direction of wave propagation is b = k : ak = 0.27 SOL 7. bx x + by y + bz z = 0.2.04p ^ 3 ax .2ay . the propagation vector of the plane wave is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. # b So.2.3az h 25 So the phase constants along x .

51 # 108 = 4 108 m/s and v pz = # bz .93 # 108 m/s bx 3p c 25 m 8 v py = w = 1.2. Now. the direction of wave propagation is 3 ax .2ay + j 3 az So. The necessary condition for the vector field E = E 0 e-jb to represent the electric field intensity of a uniform plane wave is k : E0 = 0 where k is the propagation vector of the wave and E 0 is the amplitude of the electric field intensity of the plane wave.16p Therefore.2ay . co m . the apparent phase velocities are given as 8 v px = w = 1. ga te he lp.29 k = p ^ 3 ax . for the determined values of apparent phase constants in previous question. the angular frequency of the propagating wave is w = v p b = ^3 # 108h # ^0.51 # 108 rad/ sec So.16ph (In free space v p = 3 # 108 m/s ) = 1.in GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.j 2a y .co.j 3 az 2 2 m y k = 3 ax + 3ay + 2az j 3 j3 3 So.2ay . we check all the given options for this condition.jax .nodia. k : E0 = 1 .Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 463 For View Only SOL 7. +3+ . (A) From given data we have k = 3 ay + a z E 0 =.2p 25 w = 1.3az h 25 Therefore.3 ! 0 (C) From given data we have j 3 E 0 = b 3 + j 1 l a x + c1 + a . k : E 0 =.j2 3 ! 0 k : E0 = 3 + 2 2 (D) From given data we have Shop Online at www.3az ak = k = 4 k So the phase constant along the direction of wave propagation is b = k : ak = 0.51 # 10 = 6 # 108 m/s by .2 3 + j 3 ! 0 (B) From given data we have E 0 = a x .3 a z k = ax + 3 az So.51 # 10 = 6.3p 25 Option (D) is correct.

d:Q = 0 and d # Q = 1 2 610 cos ^wt .j 3 3 + j2 3 = 0 2 2 So the vector represents electric field vector of a uniform plane wave.2.j 3 + j 3 = 0 H0 : k = 3 .31 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. k : E 0 =.3 az and k = 3 ax + az So E 0 : H 0 =.3 . again.2. For a propagating electromagnetic wave.30 SOL 7.j 1 l a x + c 1 . g at e he lp.2rh af r So.jax .in E 0 = b. we check the condition for the given fields as below.e. we check the all given pairs for this condition In Option (D) E 0 =.3 .600 cos ^wt + 10x h ay ! 0 i.j + j4 .3 = 0 Therefore. !0 d : R = 1 2 ^3r2 cot fh r2 r r SOL 7.2rh@ az ! 0 r2 r i. P is a possible EM field. Q is a possible EM field R = 3r2 cot fa r + 1 cos faf r sin f So. Now. Q = 10 cos ^wt . P = 60 sin ^wt + 10x h az So. the field satisfies the following Maxweell’s equation. d:E = 0 B d # E =-2 ! 0 2 t Now.co.j 3 + 3 .nodia. co m .e. Option (B) is correct. it represents the field vectors of a uniform plane wave. d:P = 0 and d # P =. For the field vectors Es and Hs defined as Es = E 0 e-jb and Hs = H 0 e-jb The condition that it represents the field vectors of a uniform plane wave is E 0 : H 0 = 0 .j 3 m a y + j 3 a z 2 2 k = 3 ax + 3ay + 2az So. E 0 : k = 0 and H 0 : k = 0 where k is the propagation vector of the plane wave.464 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.2ay + j 3 az H 0 = ax . Option (D) is correct.j3 = 0 E 0 : k =.j2ay .

So. Thus. G = 0. G 2 = 20 100 or.62 or 0.h1 = ! 0. S = 1 sin q sin ^wt .447 ^er1 = mr1. er2 = mr2h mr2 mr1 3 + 3 mr2 mr1 mr1 .in i.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 465 For View Only Shop Online at www.e. 20% of the energy in the incident wave is reflected at the boundary.nodia.h0 er2 er1 = ! 0.mr2 = ! 0.447 mr2 mr1 h0 + h0 er2 er1 mr2 mr1 3 3 mr2 mr1 3 3 = ! 0. SOL 7. we have.38 mr2 er2 = mr2 3 = 0.447 Where G is the reflection coefficient at the medium interface.447 mr1 + mr2 mr1 = 1 ! 0.6r h af r 2 ^sin2 fh So. ga te Option ( ) is correct. we have h2 . Therefore.2 = ! 0. co m .e.co. R is not a possible EM field. S is not an EM field.447 mr1 = 2.32 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.447 h2 + h1 mr2 mr1 h0 . er1 b mr1 l *********** he lp.9 So. Since. !0 d : S = 2 1 sin ^wt .056 or 17.2.447 mr2 1 " 0.6r h 2 r r sin q i. the possible EM fields are P and Q .

6ay .5az Again.6ay .4y) V/m So.e. the wave is circularly polarized. Given.. we conclude that the wave is left circular (i.466 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only SOLUTIONS 7.1) Ei =. the reflection coefficient will be equal to . Therefore. The phase constant of the field is given as b =w c 2pf ( b = 25 ) 25 = c GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3. the electric field of the reflected wave will be Er = (. Now.in 0 0 SOL 7.8ax .nodia. i.3x . Electric field of the propagating wave in free space is given as Ei = (8ax + 6ay + 5az ) e j (wt + 3x . So.1 Option (C) is correct. it is clear that wave is propagating in the direction (. the reflected wave will be along the direction 3ax + 4ay .3ax + 4ay).4y) V/m at e he lp.2 Option (B) is correct. we conclude that the wave is propagating in ax direction and the y and z -components of the field are same. Since. the electric field intensity of the EM wave as E = 10 (ay + jaz ) e-j 25x So.3 Shop Online at www. with increase in time the tip of the field magnitude rotates from z to y -axis and as the wave is propagating in ax direction so. the reflected wave will be as shown in figure below : . co m SOL 7. the wave is incident on a perfectly conducting slab at x = 0 . Thus. g i.5az ) e j (wt .8ax . left circular polarization).e. the angle formed by the electric field with the z -axis is given as q = wt So.1.co.3.e. Er = (.

co. the phase constant of the wave is given as 8 b = w = 3 # 108 = 1 c 3 # 10 Therefore.ay direction and its electric field component is given as ( b = 1 rad/m ) Er = GEi0 cos (3 # 108 + y) where Ei0 is the maximum value of the field component of incident wave. i.3 Option (C) is correct. we conclude that the incident wave is propagating along ay direction and the angular frequency of the wave is w = 3 # 108 rad/s So. In the given problem SOL 7.e.3.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 467 For View Only Shop Online at www. ga te he lp.1 824 cos ^3 # 108 + y h axB 2 =. Ei0 = 24ax So.12 cos ^3 # 108 + y h ax GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.5 Reflection coefficient at the medium interface is given as h .2 GHz 2p 2 # 3.14 SOL 7. Option (C) is correct. the reflected wave will be propagating in .by h ax So.h1 G = 2 = 400p .120p =. Power radiated from any source is constant. Intrinsic impedance of EM wave m m0 = h = = 120p = 30p e 2 4e0 Time average power density of the EM wave is given as 2 1 = 1 Pave = 1 EH = 1 E = 2 # 60p 120p 2 2 h Option (B) is correct. given the electric field component of the incident wave is Ei = 24 cos ^3 # 108 .1 h2 + h 1 2 40p + 120p As.3.nodia.3.4 SOL 7. co m ( E = 1 V/m ) . we have Ei0 =.in 8 f = 25 # c = 25 # 3 # 10 = 1.

h1 G = 2 h2 + h1 Substituting values for h1 and h2 we have m . we have the propagation constant of the wave as g = b cos 30cx ! b sin 30cy where b is the phase constant of the wave.468 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 o o r SOL 7.5 o o o r o E = ay E 0 e j (wt . the magnetic field component of the reflected wave is given as Hr = 1 (ak # Er ) h where h1 is the intrinsic impedance of medium 1. Since.er = 1 . So. we get Hr = 1 8ay # _.12 cos ^3 # 108 + y h ax iB 120p = 1 cos ^3 # 108 + y h az 5p SOL 7.g) = ax E 0 e j=wt . So. co m p 2 x! p y l l mG .6 Option (C) is correct. the given field intensity have components in ax and ay direction so. The intrinsic impedance of the wave is defined as m h = e where m is permeability and e is permittivity of the medium. we get g = 2p 3 x ! 2p 1 y = p 3 x ! p y l 2 l 2 l l Now. So. Now.8 Option (D) is correct.3. the reflection coefficient at the medium interface is given as h . the time average power density of the EM wave is given as h H 2 h0 10 2 50 watts = b l = Pave = 0 h0 2 h0 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp.c SOL 7. the wave is propagating in a direction making an angle 90c with positive y -axis. As the direction of propagation makes an angle 30c with positive x -axis so. in all the given options the direction of electric field of the wave is given along ay .0.nodia.co. and ak is the unit vector in the direction of wave propagation. Since. G = 0.9 m 1 + er 1+ 9 ee + e =.5 or.m e ( er = 9 ) t = eme = 1 .3. considering that direction we get the field intensity of the wave as w. So.7 ww Option (B) is correct.in Therefore. g at e he o o For View Only Shop Online at www.3. the magnitude of the field intensity of the plane wave is 2 2 2 2 2 H 2 = H x + H y = c 5 3 m + b 5 l = b 10 l h0 h0 h0 So. the y -component of propagation constant will be zero.

bz) + ay sin (wt .wt 2 sin wt So. with increase in time the tip of the field intensity moves from y to x -axis and as the wave is propagating in az direction therefore. co m .co.10 Shop Online at www.1 j Pi = 8 Pi 9 9 Pt = 8 or. the electric field intensity of the propagating wave E = ax sin (wt . The Brewster angle is given as tan qn = er 2 er1 tan 60c = er2 1 or er2 = 3 SOL 7. the transmitted power is Pt = (1 .3.11 SOL 7.nodia. Given.bz + p/2) So. Here A is point source.4 =.h1 . Now we will determine the field is either right circular or left circular. E x = Ey Therefore.G 2) Pi he Option (C) is correct.in SOL 7. The angle between the electric field E and x -axis is given as q = tan-1 a cos wt k = p .Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 469 For View Only SOL 7.3. the wave is left hand circularly polarized. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1 G = 2 = eme m h2 + h1 3 1 + er 1+ 4 ee + e So. Pi 9 Option (D) is correct. ga te o o o r o o o o r o Option (B) is correct.m e = 1 + er = 1 . we conclude that the wave is propagating along az direction and the field components along ax and ay are equal.9 Option (D) is correct. i.3. sin q = 1 = 1 er 2 p or q = 45c = 4 The configuration is shown below.12 Pt = `1 .e. The reflection coefficient at the medium interface is given as m h . lp. the wave is circularly polarized.3.

b = 0. from the boundary condition we know that the tangential component of electric field is uniform. the electric field of the EM wave in medium 1 as E1 = 4ax + 3ay + 5az As the medium interface lies in the plane x = 0 so. w = 50.470 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. The time average poynting vector of the EM wave is defined as Pave = 1 Re 6Es # Hs*@ 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. 000 Phase constant. we get E2t = E1t = 3ay + 5az Again from the boundary condition the normal component of displacement vector are equal. Given.3.3. the tangential and normal components of the electric field are E1t = 3ay + 5az and E1n = 4ax Now. D2n = D1n or e2 E2n = e1 E1n or 4eo E2n = 3eo 4az or E2n = 3ax Thus.25 # 107 m/s b 4 # 10 Option (C) is correct.in Now AO = 1 m From geometry BO = 1 m Thus.15 SOL 7.3.nodia. we have Angular frequency.13 SOL 7.16 Option (C) is correct. the phase constant of the wave is given as 4 vp = w = 5 # 10 3 = 1.004 So. the net electric field intensity in medium 2 is E2 = E2t + E2n = 3ax + 3ay + 5az he lp. Refractive index of glass ng = mr er = 1. wavelength of the light beam in glass is given as -6 lg = l = 3 # 10 = 2 # 10-6 m ng 1. co m .5 Option (B) is correct.co. i.3.e.14 SOL 7. From the expression of the magnetic field intensity of the EM wave.5 Frequency f = 1014 Hz c = 3 # 108 m/sec The wavelength of the 1014 Hz beam of light is 108 l = c = 3 # 14 = 3 # 10-6 f 10 So. area = pr2 = p # OB = p m 2 SOL 7. So. g at e Option (C) is correct.

co.(.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 471 For View Only Shop Online at www.jwt # k (. Pave = 1 Re 6Es # Hs*@ = 0 2 Option (D) is correct.18 SOL 7. So.jax + ay) e-jkz + jwt wm = az .120p or.j) (j) k E = 0 wm wm SOL 7. for a wave propagating from medium 1 to medium 2 having permittivities e1 and e2 respectively. h2 = 24p SOL 7. k .2 h2 + 120p 3 So. 1. Es is the phasor form of the electric field intensity and Hs) is the complex conjugate of the phsor form of magnetic field intensity. The skin depth (d) of a material is related to the operating frequency (f) as d\ 1 f f1 d2 = Therefore. The intrinsic impedance of a medium with permittivity e and permeability m is defined as m h = e So.3.G We have VSWR = E max = 5 = E min 1+ G 2 or G = 3 As the wave is normally incident on the interface so. f2 d1 d2 = 1 25 4 or d2 = 1 # 25 = 25 cm 4 Option (D) is correct. =. (i) If e2 > e1 .19 Option (A) is correct.2 h2 + h1 3 h2 .nodia. therefore G =. co m .3. ga te he lp. we have Es # Hs* = (ax + jay) e jkz . the given EM wave is propagating from free space to the dielectric material with e > e0 .17 (ii) If e2 < e1 then.in where. the reflection coefficient is negative Thus. the reflection coefficient at the boundary interface of the two mediums is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the reflection coefficient is positive.2 3 h2 . Since.h1 or. =. the reflection coefficient will be real (either positive or negative). Now.3.

21 SOL 7.kz) So. we get Jc = Jd SOL 7. the phase velocity of the wave is given as 7 v p = w = 2p # 10 = 2 # 108 m/s 0. we conclude that the EM wave is elliptically polarized.in h .3.nodia.1p Therefore.7 # 10 # 9 # 10 9 3 # 10 # 39 = 2.333 180c 3 Option (A) is correct.er = 1 .5ax + ay e j ) e j (wt . we get w = 2p # 107 t b = 0. t) = 10 cos (2p # 107 t . g at e SOL 7.3 # 10-5 he and Ey = e j 2 e j (wt .e.3. So.3. we get 1. We have E = (0.3. Option (B) is correct.e. Shop Online at www.co.1 = 2.1pz) So. 2 2 2 E x = c 22 E x We have Z 2 2 22 t As the field component Ex changes with z so. So.23 Option (A) is correct.0.22 Option (B) is correct.m e G = 2 = h2 + h1 + m e 1 .5e j (wt . p lp.h1 .7 # 10-4 ( w = 2pf ) tan d = 2p # 3 # 109 # 78eo -4 9 = 1.24 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. its components along x and y -axis are Ex = 0. The required condition is Ic = Id i. E x ! Ey Since.direction.3.4 since er = 4 = 1 + er 1+ 4 = .1p b Option (C) is correct. We have E (z.kz) o o o p 2 co m . Loss tangent of a medium is defined as tan d = s we where s is the conductivity e is permittivity of the medium and w is operating angular frequency.472 Electronagnetics Waves mo eo er mo eo er 0 Chap 7 For View Only SOL 7.kz) i. the conduction current equals to the displacement current. the components are not equal and have the phase difference of p/2 so. we conclude that the EM wave is propagating in z .20 SOL 7.

5 Therefore. e = er e0 ) SOL 7.3.co.26 Option (C) is correct. The fig is as shown below : As per snell law sin qt = 1 er sin qi sin 30c = 1 or sin 45c er 1 1 2 = 1 er 2 or er = 2 SOL 7.25 Pi Thus.G where G is the reflection coefficient of the transmission line. Option (A) is correct.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 473 For View Only or. or. the wavelength in terms of permittivity of the medium can be given as l = 2p w me GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in sE = jweE s = 2pfeo er s f = = 2s 2p # eo er 4peo er 9 -2 = 9 # 10 # 2 # 10 4 6 = 45 # 10 = 90 MHz ( w = 2pf . the ratio of the reflected power strength to the incident power is given as Pr = G 2 = 0.25 SOL 7.G or G = 0. we get 1+ G (VSWR = 3 ) 3= 1.27 Option (A) is correct. So. co m .3.3.nodia. Shop Online at www. ga te he lp. Since. 25% of incident power is reflected. the phase constant is defined as b = 2p = w me l So. VSWR (voltage standing wave ratio) of the transmission line is defined as 1+ G S = 1.

co.az . Intrinsic impedance of a medium is given as jwm h = s + jwe Since.2. from the given expression of the field intensity we conclude that the wave is propagating along . f and b is multiply factor of z or x or y . s >> we so.az So.in l\ 1 e l1 = e1 e2 l2 SOL 7. the time average poynting vector for the EM wave is defined as Es 2 Es 1 E ) P = ^ s # Hs h = a c Hs = h m 2h k 2 where h is the intrinsic impedance of the medium and ak is the direction of wave propagation. the impedance will be complex with an inductive component.3. E = 24 V/m ) P = (.(1) p 22 22 t z (Phase velocity of the wave) where vp = w b Basically w is the multiply factor of frequency. g at e he lp. we can conclude that expression given in option (C) does not satisfy equation (1) (i.az ) =. Given. impedance is given by m h = e where m is permeability and e is permittivity of the medium. we get jwm wm h = = 45c s s Thus. In a lossless dielectric (s = 0) medium.4 W 8 co Option (C) is correct. m . copper is good conductor i. So. the electric field intensity of the EM wave as E = 24e j (wt + bz) ay V/m Now. So. we have (24) 2 (ak =. So. the wave equation).3. we get SOL 7. w. we get m0 mr mr = 120p # h = e0 er er = 120p # 2 = 288.28 Shop Online at www.474 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only or. Since.29 Option (D) is correct.v 22 E = 0 .30 SOL 7. SOL 7.31 Option (B) is correct.e.3.nodia.4 az 2 # 120p p GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (D) is correct...3. A scalar wave equation must satisfy following relation 2 2 2 E .e.

the electric field intensity of the wave .3.32 Option (A) is correct.2p or. Given the propagation constant of the wave g = a + jb = 0.. he lp. ga te Option (B) is correct.3. phase velocity at another frequency ( f 2 = 1000 MHz ) is 4p f 2 vp = ms -3 Putting ms = 10 /p in the above expression. we get 4 # p # 1000 # 106 # p . the depth of penetration (skin depth) increases with increase in wavelength. we get b = 0.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 475 SOL 7. ms = 10 p Now.3.3 106 m/ sec vp = # 10-3 Option (C) is correct.36 Option (B) is correct.2p So. For View Only Shop Online at www.. Given. Skin depth of the conducting medium at frequency. Reflected power Pr of a plane wave in terms of incident power Pi is defined as (1) Pr = G 2 Pi where.nodia.35 SOL 7.e.3.. f 1 = 10 MHz is given as 1 d = pf1 ms 1 or ( f 1 = 10 MHz ) 10-2 p # 10 # 106 # ms -3 or.2p 2p = 0. d\ f or.co.34 SOL 7. (l = c/f ) d\ l So. The depth of penetration or skin depth is defined as 1 d = pfms 1 i.33 Option (C) is correct.. 2 SOL 7.(2) E (z) = ax E1 (z) + ay E2 (z) Comparing (1) and (2) we can see that E1 (z) and E2 (z) are in space quadrature but in time phase so.1p + j0. l Therefore. their sum E will be linearly polarized along a line that makes an angle f with x -axis as shown below.in SOL 7.3. co m .(1) E (z. t) = Eo e j (wt + bz) ax + e0 e j (wt + bz) ay Generalizing . G is the reflection coefficient at the medium interface given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. wavelength of the propagating wave is l = 2 = 5m 0.

5 =.38 Therefore. The energy density in a medium having electric field intensity E is defined as where e is permittivity of the medium.85 # 10-12h^100 p h 2 = 1.co. The incidence angle of an EM wave for which there is no reflection is called GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. wE = 1 e E 2 2 So. Skin depth of a material is defined as 1 d = pfms Putting the given values in the expression. Pi Option (B) is correct. co h2 .476 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only SOL 7.e.1 1 + 1. putting these values in equation (3) we get er = 1.5 5 + h0 1.37 SOL 7.3.nodia. n2 = c m2 e2 = 1. from equation (1) the reflected power is given as 2 Pr = b 1 l # Pi 5 Pr = 4% or. we get 1 = 15.5 er G = Shop Online at www.1. Since.39 # 10-7 J/m3 = 189 nJ/m3 0 0 at e he lp.in m . For a uniform plane wave propagating in free space.3. the refractive index of the glass is 1. the energy density is 2 wE = 1 ^8. due to the field E = 100 p V/m in free space.h1 (2) h 2 + h1 where h1 and h2 are the intrinsic impedance of the two mediums (air and glass) respectively.40 Option (A) is correct. SOL 7.39 Option (C) is correct.5 Thus.h0 (for free space h1 = h0 ) G = 1h.e.5 (3) i.3. from equation (2) we have h . g SOL 7.9 mm d = 9 3.5 = 1 .5 (Permeability of glass) where m2 = m0 (Permittivity of glass) e2 = er e0 So. the angel between electric field ^aE h and magnetic field vector ^aH h is always 90c. the fields E and H are every where normal to the direction of wave propagation ak and their direction are related as ak # a E = a H i.14 # 1 # 10 # 4p # 10-7 # 106 Option (C) is correct.3.5 m2 h h and = 0 = 0 h2 = e2 1.

wavelength of the wave is wave amplitude.42 Option (A) is correct. for the given parallel polarized plane wave the incidence angle ^qi h for no reflection is given as e0 tan qi = 81e0 or.66c GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. qB || = tan-1 b 3 l 2 SOL 7. w = 107 rad/s or 2pf = 107 7 f = 10 2p 8 So. So.3. Brewster’s angle is given as tan qB || = e2 e1 where e1 and e2 are the permittivity of two mediums respectively. for the given dielectric medium we get tan qB || = 9 4 or.3. we conclude that the EM wave is propagating in az direction. l = c = 3 # 10 # 2p = 188. k = 2p = 2p = 1 60p 30 l = 0. statement (2) and (3) are correct. qi = tan-1 b 1 l 9 Therefore. So.5 m 7 f 10 i. Given.in Brewster’s angle.qi = 83. co m .41 SOL 7.e. he lp. For the parallel polarized wave. the angle a for no reflection is a = 90c . ga te Option (A) is correct.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 477 For View Only Shop Online at www.233 rad/m The wave doesn’t attenuate as it travels.co. the electric field component of the EM wave propagating in free space. For the vertically polarized wave (parallel polarized wave) the Brewster angle is defined as tan qB || = e2 e1 So. The incidence angle of a plane wave for which there is no reflection is called Brewster’s angle. E 0 = 10 V/m wave number. E = 10 cos ^107 t + kz h ay V/m The general equation of electric field component of an EM wave propagating in az direction is given as E = E 0 cos ^wt + kz h ay V/m So.nodia.

bz + 75ch V/m So.bz h V/m Ey = 6 sin ^wt .47 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (C) is correct.43 Option (C) is correct. h = 360 W Ex = 3 sin ^wt .46 Option (C) is correct.3. the characteristic impedance of air. g =1#p = p 2 2 4 jq h = h e = 0.25 # 10-2 W/m2 = 82.3.8 # 107 S/m So. we have intrinsic impedance defined as 4p # 10-7 ^10-9 /36ph m/e h = = 2 1/4 s 2 1/4 5.in SOL 7. Velocity of light in any dielectric medium is defined as 1 = c v = 1 = m0 e0 er er me SOL 7. Operating frequency f = 3 GHz = 3 # 109 Hz Medium parameters. .5 mW/m2 2 360 SOL 7. The Skin depth of a conductor is defined as 1 d = pfms So. all the three statements are necessary conditions.3. m = 4p # 10-7 H/m e = 10-9 /36p s = 5. co m So.478 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 = 2.nodia. For circular polarization the two orthogonal field components must have the same magnitude and has a phase difference of 90c. the time average power per unit area is 2 2 2 _ E x + Ey i 1 E =1 Pave = 2# 360 2 h 2 2 ^3 + 6 h =1# = 6. So. Option (B) is correct.3. statement 2 and 3 are correct while are incorrect. Given.8 # 107 :1 + a we k D 1+ -9 > f 2p # 3 # 109 # 10 p H 36p lp.co. SOL 7.8 # 107 SOL 7.22e jp/4 W n 2p # 3 # 109 # 10 p 36p -9 5.44 Option (B) is correct.3.02 # 10-2 W The phase angle of intrinsic impedance is given as qh = 1 tan-1 a s k = 1 # tan-1 we 2 2 f at e he For View Only Shop Online at www.45 w.

ga te So.az . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. So.48 SOL 7. E = ^ax + jay h e-jbz lp.50 Therefore. Since er > 1 So.3. .Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 479 For View Only Shop Online at www. the electric field of a plane wave. E = 50 sin ^108 t + 2z h ay V/m Comparing it with the general expression electric field of a plane wave travelling in az direction givenas E = E 0 sin ^wt . Consider the reflector is of angle q = 90c for which the incident and reflected wave is shown in figure.nodia.in where c is velocity of light in vacuum and er is dielectric constant of the medium.3.49 Option (D) is correct. co SOL 7. it is clear that y -component of field leads the x -component by 90c and the wave propagates in z -direction. SOL 7. The components are same. Given the electric field. both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A. Given. he Option (C) is correct. SOL 7. the tip of electric field traverse in circular path in the clockwise direction and wave propagates in z -direction as shown in figure. m Option (D) is correct.co. E # H is rate of energy flow (power flow) per unit area.3.3. it is negative circularly polarized wave or (left hand polarized wave). The poynting vector is the instantaneous power flow per unit area in an EM wave and defined as P = E#H So.51 Option (D) is correct. v <c Therefore.bz h ay We get the direction of propagation of the given plane wave is .

53 (2) The wavelength is given as SOL 7. reflected wave in same direction.nodia.5 m f ^10 h 2p = 2p = 0. Poynting vector represents the instantaneous power density vector associated with the EM field at a given point.bz h ay V/m We get.3.e. it is clear that the incident and reflected wave both makes same angle a with the x -axis i.55 Option (B) is correct. m . he lp.52 SOL 7.56 Option (C) is correct. Since. Given.233 (3) Wave number. E = 50 sin ^107 t + kz h ay V/m Comparing it with the general expression of electric field defined as E = E 0 sin ^wt . Electric field intensity of the wave E = 10 cos ^6p # 108 t . SOL 7. (1) The wave propagates in .bx h ay GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww SOL 7.5 l (4) The wave doesn’t attenuate as it travels. g 8 l = c = 3 # 10 7# 2p = 188. after reflection the phase of both x and y components will be reversed so the reflected wave will be also right circularly polarised.e. i.az direction along z -axis. Given. at e Option (A) is correct. An electromagnetic wave incident on a conducting medium has the depth of penetration (skin depth) defined as d = 1 a i. Option (C) is correct. w. the electric field intensity of the wave in free space.3. k = 188.e.480 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.co.in SOL 7.3.3. inversely proportion to attenuation constant.54 Option (A) is correct.3. P = E#H co So.

3. So. Given.4 times its value in free space i. m = m0 Permittivity of medium.57 SOL 7. we get the magnitude of the electric field as E 0 = 60 The time average power density in the electric field is given as 2 ^60h2 Pave = 1 E0 = 1 # 2 h0 2 120p Therefore.4c Since. putting it in equation (1) we get 1 ( m = m0 mr . t h = 60 cos ^wt .Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 481 SOL 7.59 Option (B) is correct.in Permeability of medium. The gyro frequency is the frequency whose period is equal to the period of revolution of an electron in its circular orbit under the influence of earth’s magnetic field. the radio wave at frequency near fg is attenuated by the earth’s magnetic field.3. (Since.4 m0 e0 Option (A) is correct. e = 81e0 From the expression of the electric field.2x h ay V/m So. E ^x. the average power through the circular area of radius 4 m is Pave = ^Pave h # ^pr2h ^60h2 =1# p 4 2 = 120 W 2 120p # ^ h Option (C) is correct.4c m0 er e0 2 (c = 1 ) er = b 1 l = 6. the phase velocity of the plane wave in dielectric is 0. the phase constant of the EM wave is 8 b = w = 6p # 10 8 vp 10 /3 = 18p rad/m . Given.) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the electric field in free space. ga te he lp.co. there is a resonance phenomena and oscillating electron receive more and more energy from incident wave. co m For View Only Shop Online at www. the phase velocity of a medium having permittivity e and permeability m is defined as vp = 1 me So.3.e.25 0.58 SOL 7. e = e0 ) = 0. we get the angular frequency as w = 6p # 108 The phase velocity of the wave is given as 8 8 1 (c = 1 = 3 # 108 m/s ) = 3 # 10 = 10 vp = 1 = 9 3 me m0 e0 m0 # 81e0 So. (1) v p = 0.nodia.

n1 sin q1 = n2 sin q2 m0 e1 sin q1 = m0 e0 sin q2 m0 ^2e2h sin 60c = m0 e2 sin q2 sin q2 = c 4 # 3 m = 2. An incident wave normal to a perfect conductor is completely reflected in the reverse direction. (1) Consider E1 is x -component and E2 is y -component so.61 SOL 7.3. Option (D) is correct.3. transmitted and incident wave is given below. ^a " 1h lp. Ei = h1 Hi Er =. ^b " 4h SOL 7. ^d " 2h (3) When E1 leads E2 by 90c then wt increases counter clockwise and so the wave is right circularly polarized.3. The magnetic field intensity of reflected wave is same as the incident wave whereas the electric field intensity of reflected wave has the 180c phase difference in comparison to the incident field.482 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www.60 Option (C) is correct. fh = r2 Pave 2 E 2 = r2 =cr m E 2 2h 2h (c) Wave impedance of an EM wave is defined as a"1 ww Option (D) is correct. w.co. ( G =. (1) and (3) are correct while (2) is incorrect.5 > 1 2 which is not possible so there will be no transmitted wave.h1 Hr Et = h 2 Ht So.64 Option (B) is correct. The relation between electric and magnetic field of the reflected.in SOL 7. co m b"2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . ^c " 3h (4) When E1 lags E2 by 90c then the tip of field vector E will traverse circularly in clockwise direction and left circularly polarized.62 (2) When E1 and E2 will have any arbitrary phase difference then it will be elliptically polarized. The wave will be linearly polarized.1 for conducting surface). From snell’s law.3. g at e he Option (C) is correct.63 SOL 7. SOL 7.nodia. (a) Propagation constant for a perfect conductor is g = a + jb wms where a = b = 2 (b) Radiation intensity of an antenna is defined as U ^q.3. when E1 and E2 will be in same phase.

H = 0.in SOL 7.66 SOL 7.3.68 This phenomenon is called ducting.nodia. Electric field intensity. he lp.Ey ax h h h m (1) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . Given. Given.67 SOL 7. Option (B) is correct.co.3. ak = a z So. The higher frequency (microwave) signal is continuously refracted on the ground as shown in figure.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 483 For View Only Shop Online at www.5e-0. SOL 7. ga te Option (B) is correct.3. e H Option (A) is correct.65 SOL 7.69 Option (D) is correct. we get H = az # ^Ex ax + Ey ay h = 1 ^Ex ay .3.1x cos ^106 t . An EM wave propagating in free space consists of electric and magnetic field intensity both perpendicular to direction of propagation. Putting the expression for electric field in equation.2x h az ww w. co E q = hH f h = Eq c"3 Hf Option (B) is correct.3. In a uniform plane wave the field intensities are related as E = hH where h is intrinsic impedance given as jwm h = s + jwe Assume the medium is perfectly dielectric ^s = 0h. the magnetic field intensity of the EM wave is given as H = ak # E h where. So. the magnetic field intensity of a plane wave. h is the intrinsic impedance of the medium. we get m h = e E = m or. E = E x a x + Ey ay The direction of wave propagation.

m .3. g Option (D) is correct.2 6ax Ax sin ^wt .3.nodia.ak # aH =-^ax # az h = ay Therefore.484 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 SOL 7. l \ 1 l = p f f So. E =.72 (2) conductivity decreases (3) frequency decreases Since. The depth of penetration of wave (skin depth) in a lossy dielectric (conductor) is given as 1 d = 1 = a pfms So. So. f decreases and therefore. the skin depth increases when (1) permeability decreases w.e.14 m 2 b and the wave travels in + x -direction. as l increases. l = 2p = 2p = 3.ax wAx cos ^wt . Option (C) is correct.71 SOL 7.co. Skin depth ^d h is the distance through which the wave amplitude decreases to a factor e-1 or 1/e .in The general expression for magnetic field intensity of a plane wave travelling in positive x -direction is (2) H = H 0 e. the wave is polarized in ay direction (direction of electric field intensity). the magnetic flux density B in terms of magnetic vector potential is given as B = d#A So. direction of electric field intensity will be aE =. the magnetic field intensity points toward az direction and the wave propagates in + ax direction. the wavelength of the wave is given as v i.bz h@ =. Wave frequency.ax cos ^wt .bz h 2 t at e he lp.70 SOL 7. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (C) is correct. the electric field intensity E is defined as B d # E =-2 2 t Since. For a varying magnetic field B . From Maxwell’s equation.3. A = ax Ax sin ^wt . from the two equations we have A (For dV = 0 ) E =-2 2 t Given. Since. w = 106 rad/ sec Wavelength.bx h az Comparing the equation (1) and (2) we get.bz h So. skin depth increases. co For View Only Shop Online at www.

H ^z. ak =. t h =.20 cos ^wt + bz h So. t h = 10 cos ^wt + bz h ax he lp. E = h0 H = ^120phb. we have It is defined for a good conductor.3. therefore. ga te Option (B) is correct.1 cos ^wt + bz h ay 6p So.3.73 Option (A) is correct. For a good conductor. a H = ay So.az direction of magnetic field.in SOL 7. we get the phase constant. the magnetic field intensity of the wave propagating in free space. Skin depth of a material is defined as 1 d = pfms GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1 cos ^wt + bz hl 6p =. we conclude. co m For View Only Shop Online at www. SOL 7. the phase constant of the wave is given as b = 2p l 1 = l So. the wave is propagating in free space.74 SOL 7.3. a = b = pfms Since. A and R both true and R is correct explanation of A. Given.3. the direction of electric field intensity is given as aE = aH # ak = ay # ^.az h =. the electric field vector of EM wave is E ^z.co.nodia. the angular frequency w of the wave is given as w = cb = ^3 # 108h^4h = 4 # 3 # 108 rad/s Option (B) is correct. the skin depth is defined as d = 1 a or. d =1 ^a = b h b Now.75 Option (B) is correct.77 Option (A) is correct. the electric field intensity of EM wave in phase form as Es = 10e-j4y ax So.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 485 SOL 7. direction of propagation. Given.76 SOL 7. d = 2p b .3. b = 4 rad/m Since.ax and the electric field amplitude is given as.

the average power density of an EM wave is defined as Pave = 1 Re "E # H *. Therefore only statement 2 is incorrect.bz h ay hB 2 2 = 60paz at e he Option (A) is correct. E = 120p cos ^wt .e.79 SOL 7. (1) In a conducting medium as the wave travels its amplitude is attenuated by the factor e.bz h ay (ak = az ) H = ak # E = h0 h0 Therefore. the electric field intensity is E = 10 sin ^3p # 108 t .bz h ax h # ^cos ^wt . conductivity of the material is s = 0 . w.co. Given. the wave is propagating in az directions so. we get d " infinity SOL 7.az (i.pz h^.v e 2 dV = 0 which is Laplace equation.3. So it doesn’t behave like an open circuit to the electromagnetic field.82 (2) Relaxation time in a medium is defined as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww SOL 7. (2) Conducting medium doesn’t behave as on open circuit to the EM field.80 SOL 7.nodia. co m .81 Option (B) is correct.bz h ax@ = cos ^wt .in Since. (1) For a perfect conducting medium the transmission coefficient is zero but a medium having finite conductivity transmission coefficient has some finite value.ax h 377 Option (D) is correct. (3) In lossless dielectric ^s = 0h relaxation time is defined as Tr = e " 3 s (4) In charge free region ^rv = 0h. So. Poissions equation is generalised as r d2 V =. attenuated exponentially). = 1 8^120p cos ^wt .pz h ax + 10 cos ^3p # 108 t .3.3. Given.3.pz h ay So. SOL 7.3.486 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. For a given electric field in free space the average power density is defined as E 2 ^60ph2 Pave = 1 =1 = 15p Watt/m2 2 h0 2 120p lp. the magnetic field intensity is given as (Direction of propagation is ak = az ) H = ak # E h0 = 5 sin ^3p # 108 t . the magnetic flux density of the propagating wave is az # 6120p cos ^wt . g Option (A) is correct.pz h ay + 10 cos ^3p # 108 t .78 Option (A) is correct.bz h ax Since.

86 Option (C) is correct.3.3. In free space electrons and photon both have the same velocity 3 # 108 m/s . ga te SOL 7.3.3. (3) and (4) are correct.nodia. the poynting vector of the field is P = E#H 2 I2 =. Tr = e " 3 s (4) Intrinsic impedance of a perfect dielectric ^s = 0h is m which is a pure resistance. Electric field intensity due to the current element is defined as E = J = I2 az s pb s The magnetic flux density due to the current element is given as H = I af 2pb So.e.2 3 a r =.3. lp. The polarization of a uniform plane wave described the time varying behaviour of the electric field intensity vector so for polarization the field vector must be transverse to the propagation of wave. (3) For a lossless dielectric ^s = 0h and so.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 487 For View Only SOL 7. the divergence of the magnetic flux density is zero. i. While the radio frequency wave has the time period ‘T ’ in the range of nsec to psec. Fields are said to be circularly polarized if their components have same magnitudes but they differ in phase by ! 90c.85 Option (A) is correct. the velocity of electromagnetic waves is same as velocity of light.e. h = e So.83 Option (D) is correct. d:B = 0 d : ^d # Ah = 0 div curl A = 0 Option (B) is correct. he Option (B) is correct. Shop Online at www.84 SOL 7. co SOL 7. (10-9 to 10-12 ) So the relation time at radio frequency/microwave frequency is much less than the period.87 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. So.co. the statement (2). Transverse nature of electromagnetic wave causes polarization. i. m Tr = e s Which in turn given the values in the range of 10-20 sec .in .I 2 3 ir 2sp b 2p b s SOL 7. From Maxwell’s equation for an EM field. So A and R both are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

For attenuation of the wave the medium must have some finite conductivity s.3.92 Option (C) is correct. All the three statements are correct.co. l\ er lair = er. g at e he SOL 7.488 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only SOL 7. 3 and 4 are correct while statement 2 is incorrect as Gauss’s law is applicable only for symmetrical geometry. w = 109 .89 Shop Online at www.91 SOL 7. SOL 7. air ldielectric 2 = er 1 1 er = 4 co m .93 Option (A) is correct.88 Option (D) is correct. we conclude that.3. electric field intensity E = 5 cos ^109 t + 30z h ax So.90 Option (D) is correct.3.3.in SOL 7.3. Option (C) is correct. The velocity of an EM wave in free space is given as vc = C = 3 # 108 m/s and the characteristic impedance (intrinsic impedance) is given as m0 = 120p Zc = e0 So both the terms are independent of frequency of the wave i. and b = 30 and since b = w vp w (For non magnetic medium v p = c ) b = er _c/ er i bc 2 30 # 3 # 108 2 = 81 er = b l = c m w 109 w. remain unchanged. Wavelength of a plane wave in any medium is defined as v l = p f where v p = phase velocity f = frequency of the wave Since. In E the given wave equation the term ms2 involves s so this term is responsible for 2 t the attenuation of the wave. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (D) is correct.e.3. vp = c er 1 So. Given.nodia. dielectric er. lp. SOL 7. The statement 1.

95 Shop Online at www. So.co. Option (A) is correct. ga te he lp.e.in b = pfms pf ms phase velocity v p = w = 2 b SOL 7. m Option (A) is correct.e. Now. Reason (R) is correct. skin depth is defined as d = l 2p So.3.96 Option (D) is correct.3. i. For a lossy dielectric. Given. the wave is elliptically polarized. For a lossless dielectric medium s =0 SOL 7. i.e. SOL 7.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 489 For View Only SOL 7.98 Option (D) is correct. the electric field intensity of the plane wave is E ^ t h = 6E1 cos wtax .3. fc is the cutoff frequency of the waveguide and f is the operating frequency.3.97 SOL 7.mJ 22 t Option (B) is correct.94 Option (D) is correct.nodia. for a propagating wave in the waveguide. E x ! Ey . Assertion (A) is false. as the wavelength increases the depth of penetration of wave also increases. The electromagnetic equation in terms of vector potential A is given as 2 d2 A .99 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. f fc & fc /f < 1 Putting it in equation (1) we get l < ll i. co SOL 7. The wavelength of an EM wave propagating in a waveguide is defined as ll l = f 2 1 -c c m f where ll is the wavelength of the wave in unbounded medium(free space).e. i.e.3.3. In a Good conductor So. the operating frequency is higher than the cutoff frequency.E2 sin wtay@ e-jkz Since the components of the field are E x = E1 and Ey = E 2 i. Wavelength of a propagating wave in a wave guide is smaller than the free space wavelength. The Skin depth is the depth by which electric field strength reduces to 1 = 37% of e its original value.me2A =.

3.1x sin ^106 t . Given.bx h az We get (i) the direction of wave propagation is ax (ii) a = 0. b = 2 So.101 Option (C) is correct. H = 0. aE =-^ak # aH h =-^ax # az h ay i.103 Option (C) is correct. g = a + jb = jwm ^s + jweh a + jb = jw me b = w me i. Skin depth of any conducting medium is defined as 1 d = pfms So. propagation constant g = a + jb = 0.pz h ay So.3.ax sin ^wt .100 SOL 7. at a given frequency w = 2pf d \ 1 and d \ 1 s m w.102 co Option (C) is correct. SOL 7.3.in and propagation constant.co.1. g 6 (iii)phase velocity. For a lossless medium ^s = 0h intrinsic impedance is defined as m m0 mr = h = e e0 er 60p = 120p 1 er er = 4 m .pz h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww SOL 7.e.2x h az A/m Comparing it with general expression of magnetic field intensity of wave propagating in ax direction given as H = H 0 e.490 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. Given.104 Option (B) is correct.5e-0.3. the magnetic field intensity.pz h ax + 10 cos ^wt . Option (B) is correct.3.1 + j 2 SOL 7. at e he lp. ak = a x So. A field is said to be conservative if the curl of the field is zero. v p = w = 10 = 5 # 105 m/s 2 b (iv) aH = az . the field components are Ex = 10 sin ^10wt . the electric field intensity of the plane wave.e. direction of polarization. E = 10 sin ^10wt . b \ er SOL 7.nodia. wave is polarized along ay .

mr = 4 . h .10 cos ^4 # 107 t .377 6az # ^0. er = 4 .107 Option (A) is correct. H = 0.3. s=0 In medium B .6px h z In medium A. co m Option (D) is correct. SOL 7. SOL 7.108 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .7 cos ^4 # 107 t . the direction of propagation. In free space electric field intensity is defined as E =.3.105 Ey = 10 cos ^wt .3. Given the electric field in medium A is E = 100 cos ^wt . er = 9 .60p = 1 G = B ^b " 3h hB + hA 80p + 60p 5 (c) Transmission coefficient. Electric field amplitude.h 0 ^ak # H h where ak is unit vector in the direction of propagation.37.in So the polarization is circular.bz h ax A/m So.bz h ay ( h0 = 377 W ) b = 12p ^d " 1h SOL 7. 2hB = 2 # 80p = 8 t = ^c " 4h hB + hA 80p + 60p 7 (d) Phase shift constant of medium A is given from the field equation as he lp.316h_p ^ 24 h i = 250 Watt Option (B) is correct.3. E =.pz h E x = Ey Shop Online at www.316 2 12p 2 So. ga te Option (A) is correct.co. E 0 = 1 V/m Skin depth. Given. reflection coefficient. mr = 1. Average power density in an EM wave is defined as Pave = 1 Re ^Es # H s*h = 1 # 50 # 5 = 3. s=0 So.1 m So.10 cos ^4 # 107 t . the attenuation constant of the wave in the conductor is SOL 7. ak = az and we have. (a) intrinsic impedance of medium ‘B ’ is m 4m0 = = 2 # 120p = 80p hB = ^a " 2h e 9e0 3 (b) Intrinsic impedance of medium ‘A’ is m m0 = = 1 # 120p = 60p hA = e 2 4e0 So.Chap 7 Electronagnetics Waves 491 For View Only and since. d = 10 cm = 0.106 ww w.bz h ax h@ =.nodia. the average power crossing a circular area of radius 24 m is 2 Pave = Pave ^pr2h = ^3.hA = 80p .

the electric field intensity after travelling a distance z inside a conductor is E = E 0 e.nodia.110 SOL 7. since the skin depth is the distance in which the wave amplitude decays to ^1/e h of its value at surface. So.3 Er Hr Option (B) is correct.492 Electronagnetics Waves Chap 7 For View Only Shop Online at www. For any media having conductivity. h 2 = 9 ^377h = 1131 W 1 for media 3.h 1 2Z .3.111 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. h 3 = 4 ^377h = 377 W 4 Option (B) is correct. For an EM wave a medium incident on another medium.in SOL 7.az where. E 0 is the field intensity at the surface of the conductor. So. a = 1 = 10 d Now. for the amplitude to be 1/e2 of the field at its surface the wave penetrates a length of 2d = 20 cm . 3 Ei Hi Ei = 3 and Hi =. the skin depth of the perfect conductor is 1 d = =0 pfms lp.109 Option (C) is correct. s = 0 . For a perfect conductor conductivity .3. So A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A. co m .Hr = 1 So.co. g at e he SOL 7. the distance travelled by the wave for which amplitude of electric field changes to (1/e2) (V/m) is given as E = E20 e E0 -10z = 2 E0 e e 10z = 2 z = 20 cm Alternatively.Hr Ei Hi h 2 . h1 = 2 ^377h = 188 W 8 For media 2. the intrinsic impedance is given as m mr = h h = e er 0 For media 1.Z and = =1 G = 3 h 2 + h 1 2Z + Z Er =. s = 3 So. reflection coefficient is defined as G = Er =.3.

CHAPTER 8 TRANSMISSION LINES .

It’s output voltage will be in the same phase to the input voltage.1 mS/m (B) 1.2 (C) 0. (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 8.494 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only EXERCISE 8.45 mS/m (C) 911 S/m (D) 145 S/m MCQ 8. s = 2 # 10-3 S/m .1.5 If Permittivity of the dielectric filled inside the coaxial transmission line having inner and outer diameter 2 cm and 5 cm respectively is e = 9e0 then the capacitance GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.1 Shop Online at www.4 ww A transmission line formed of co-axial line with inner and outer diameters 1. Assertion (A) : A sinusoidal voltage vi = V0 cos ^2 # 10 4 pt h is applied to the input terminal of a transmission line of length 20 cm such that the wave propagates with the velocity c = 3 # 108 m/s on the line. g at e A transmission line is formed of coaxial line with an inner conductor diameter of 1 cm and an outer conductor diameter of 4 cm.1.in MCQ 8. co m . (A) A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A.8 W/m (D) 0. If the conductor has permeability mc = 2ma and conductivity sc = 11.788 W/m MCQ 8.1.01.7 nH/m A co-axial transmission line is filled with a dielectric having conductivity. Reason (R) : Transmission line effects can be ignored if l # 0. l where l is the length of transmission line and l is the wavelength of the wave.1 (B) A and R both are true but R is not correct explanation of A.77 nH/m (D) 8.6 # 107 S/m then it’s resistance per unit length for the operating frequency of 4 GHz will be (A) 4.co. It’s line parameter Ll will be equal to (A) 277 nH/m (B) 2.3 w.95 W/m (B) 78.1.1.nodia.495 W/m (C) 872 nH/m MCQ 8.5 cm and 3 cm respectively is filled with a dielectric of permeability m = 2m0 . If the inner and outer radius of the co-axial line are 1/4 cm and 1/2 cm respectively then the conductance per unit length of the transmission line will be (A) 9.

8 mS/m.2 cm wide conducting strips having conductivity. (C) 0.1.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 495 For View Only per unit length of the line will be (A) 361 pF/m (C) 5. 50 W (D) 3 # 108 m/s .1 mH/m m . If the axial component and transverse component of the electric field in the transmission line is Ez and Ey respectively then Ez /Ey equals to (B) 4.25 # 10-4 (D) 7. If the dielectric filled between the plates has permeability.22 # 10-5 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2 nF/m respectively.3 cm . What will be the line parameter Rl ? (A) 1.1. (B) 3 # 108 m/s .6 cm and the separation between them is 0.38 W/m (B) 0. 0. s = 1.4 pF/m A parallel plate transmission line consists of 1.97 W/m MCQ 8.9 Which one of the following statement is not correct for a transmission line ? (A) Attenuation constant of a lossless line is always zero.4 # 107 S/m separated by a dielectric of permittivity e = 6e0 .1. 50 W (A) 2 # 108 m/s .1. m = 2m0 then what will be the inductance per unit length of the transmission line ? (A) 157 nH/m (B) 1.16 # 108 S/m and permeability m = m0 is operating at 4 GHz frequency.nodia.10 Inductance and capacitance per unit length of a lossless transmission line are 250 nH/m and 0.61 nF/m (D) 57.78 nH/m co A parallel plate transmission line is formed by copper strips of width w = 1. er = 1. 0.11 (C) 1.co.14 nF/m (D) 1. 100 W A 1 GHz parallel plate transmission line consists of brass strips of conductivity s = 6.74 nF/m MCQ 8. If the width of the strips is 9.57 mH/m (D) 78. s . 100 W (C) 2 # 108 m/s .02 mS/m.in (B) 3.1.16 # 10-4 MCQ 8. 0.3 and conductivity.02 nF/m (B) 0. The velocity of the wave propagation and characteristic impedance of the transmission line are respectively.97 W/m (D) 1. MCQ 8. 0 lp.8 MCQ 8. 0 .1.6 Shop Online at www. (D) Both (A) and (C).7 MCQ 8.69 W/m (C) 0. (B) Characteristic impedance of both lossless and distortionless line is real (C) Attenuation constant of a distortionless line is always zero.18 nF/m he The space between the strips of a parallel plate transmission line is filled of a dielectric of permittivity. ga te (C) 0.167 # 10-5 (A) 2.6 cm then the line parameters Gl and Cl will be respectively (A) 0.2 cm separated by a distance d = 0.

If both w and d are doubled then it’s characteristic impedance will (A) halved (B) doubled (D) none of these (C) 2 W/m . Ll = 0.5 # 108 m/s . If the transmission line is operating at a frequency.j100 W . a = 10 mNP/m is v p = 0.4h m-1 (C) ^1.496 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.12 A transmission line operating at a frequency 6 # 108 rad/s has the parameters Rl = 0. 2 mH/m A distortionless line has parameters Rl = 4 W/m and Gl = 4 # 10-4 S/m .2 kW/m . C l = 10 pF/m .5 nH/m (B) 10 kW/m . The propagation constant.nodia. g A parallel plate lossless transmission line consists of brass strips of width w and separated by a distance d .06 NP/m co (C) 100 .1 mH/m . 4 # 10-2 W (C) 4 # 10-2 NP/m . 0.20 NP/m MCQ 8.2 + j0. The line parameters Rl and Ll will be respectively (A) 1 W/m . What is the attenuation constant of the transmission line ? (A) 0.9h then the phase shift in the voltage wave is (A) 61c (B) 561c (D) 273c (C) not change MCQ 8.16 at e Amplitude of a voltage wave after travelling a certain distance down a transmission line is reduced by 87% .4 + j0.5 + j1.co.1. After travelling a distance of 20 m along a transmission line.13 NP/m (B) 0. w = 1.10 + j2. 25 W GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp. 100 W (D) 0. 2 mH/m (D) 1 W/m .18 ww Phase velocity of voltage wave in a distortion less line having characteristic impedance.10h m-1 MCQ 8.17 w.01 W (B) 100 NP/m.01 NP/m.in MCQ 8.2 # 109 rad/s then the characteristic impedance of the line will be (A) 50 . Gl = 8 mS/m .5h m-1 (D) ^2.1.10 NP/m (D) 0.1.2h m-1 (B) ^0.1. Z 0 = 0. 0. Ll = 4 mH/m .14 (C) 0.13 MCQ 8. Gl = 40 mS/m . If the propagation constant of the transmission line is ^0. 1 mH/m MCQ 8.3 + j2. C l = 6 pF/m . the voltage wave remains 13% of it’s source amplitude.15 (C) 73c MCQ 8.j2 W (B) 4 . g will be (A) ^0.2 kW and attenuation constant.1.1.j4 W (D) 100 + j4 W m The parameters of a transmission line are given as Rl = 10 W/m . The attenuation constant and characteristic impedance of the transmission line will be respectively (A) 25 NP/m.1.

1.25 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1. The voltage reflection coefficients at the load end and at the source and of the transmission line are respectively (A) . . The inductance per unit length of the transmission line will be (A) 3.co. If the inner radius of the coaxial line is 0.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 497 For View Only Shop Online at www.57 (B) 3.004 mm (B) 2. The reflection coefficient of the transmission line is (A) 0.1.2 mm lp.8h W (B) ^12.1.22 MCQ 8. 1/3 (B) .65 (C) 0. ga te (C) 3.27 (D) 1.1 nH/m (C) 2.j200h W then the input impedance of the transmission line will be (A) ^50 . If the line length is 10 cm and it is terminated in a load impedance ZL = ^200 .40 MCQ 8.002 mm he An insulating material of permittivity e = 9e0 is used in a 25 W lossless co-axial line . 1/3 MCQ 8. .j12.24 A purely resistance load ZL is connected to a 150 W lossless transmission line.1.6 mm then what will be it’s outer radius ? (A) 6.j50. Such that it has a voltage standing wave ratio of 3.43 (B) 2.j25h W .4h W MCQ 8.1.19 A transmission line operating at 5 GHz frequency has characteristic impedance Z 0 = 80 W and the phase constant b = 1.1.23 A lossless transmission line of characteristic impedance Z 0 = 35 W is connected to a load impedance ZL = ^15 .1 (C) 1. What will be the standing wave ratio an the line ? (A) 0.22 MCQ 8.33 co m A 150 W transmission line is connected to a 330 W resistance and to a 50 V DC source with zero internal resistance.20 (D) 26.7h W (C) ^25. The possible value of ZL will be (A) 50 W (B) 450 W (C) (A) and (B) both (D) none of these A voltage generator with vg ^ t h = 3 cos ^p # 109 t h volt is applied to a 50 W lossless air spaced transmission line.4 volt.1.5 .5 rad/m .nodia.1 nH/m (C) 1/3.j25.1 .21 (D) 1/3.81 nH/m (B) 38.4 .j25h W (D) ^25 .1 mm (D) 4.71 The voltage wave in a lossless transmission line has the maximum magnitude of 6 volt and minimum magnitude of 2. (D) 0.in MCQ 8.61 nH/m MCQ 8.1.

Zin ? he lp. A lossless transmission line is operating at a frequency of 4 MHz.6 kW (C) .1. g (B) 400 W (D) 300 W (C) 267 W MCQ 8. What is the input impedance.26 The wavelength on a lossless transmission line terminated in a short circuit is l.co.27 (B) 1.1.1. the input impedance appears to be equivalent to a capacitor with capacitance of 20 pF. What is the characteristic impedance of the transmission line ? (A) 10 W co m .498 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.29 A transmission line of length l is short circuited at one end and open circuited at the other end.nodia. The voltage standing wave pattern in the transmission line will be GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e A l/4 section of a 50 W lossless transmission line terminated in a 150 W resistive load is preceded by another l/4 section of a 200 W lossless line as shown in figure. the input impedance appears to be equivalent to an inductor with inductance of 32 nH but when the line is open circuited at it’s output end. What is the minimum possible length of the transmission line for which it appears as an open circuit at it’s input terminals ? (A) l (B) l/2 (C) 4l (D) l/4 MCQ 8.1.in MCQ 8. When the line is short circuited at it’s output end.40 W (D) 40 W MCQ 8.28 (A) 600 W ww w.

3.32 (B) l/4 (C) l (D) 0 MCQ 8.5 cm then the distance between load and first voltage maxima is (A) l/8 (B) 3l/8 (C) 5l/8 (D) l/4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w..nodia. 2. n = 1.30 (C) MCQ 8. At an operating frequency of 500 Hz. 3. 2...1.1. If the distance between successive voltage minima is 10 cm and distance between load and first voltage minimum is 7...3 4l nv p .in MCQ 8..... ga te A lossless transmission line is terminated in a short circuit.1..... . n = 0. length of a transmission line is given by l = l/4 . For the same transmission line the length at 1 kHz will be given by (B) l = l (A) l = l 8 4 (D) none of these co (D) ^2n + 1h v p ..3 (B) .1. 1. .3 2l 4l .33 A transmission line is operating at wavelength ‘l’.co. n = 1. 1....31 MCQ 8.3 2l m Phase velocity of a voltage wave in a transmission line of length l is v p .Chap 8 Transmission Lines 499 For View Only Shop Online at www... The minimum possible length of the line for which it appears as a short circuit at its input terminals is (A) l/2 *********** he (C) l = l 2 lp. n = 0. If the transmission line is open circuited at one end and short circuited at the other end then the natural frequency of the oscillation of the wave will be ^2n + 1h v p nv p (A) .

44 cm (C) 1.2.4 Distance of the first voltage maximum and first current maximum from the load on a 50 W lossless transmission line are respectively 4.j120h W (B) 10 W (C) ^30 .56 cm (B) 0.44 cm w.56 cm MCQ 8.0.5 cm.j0.2.1 (C) Both (A) and (B) A load impedance ZL = ^0. Let the electric and magnetic field of the wave be E and H respectively.5 kW operating at wavelength l = 2 cm .3 . If the standing wave ratio on the transmission line is S = 3 then the load impedance connected to the transmission line will be (A) ^90 .44 cm MCQ 8.5h kW is being connected to a lossless transmission line of characteristic impedance Z 0 = 0. 2 y H E (A) 2 z = 0 (B) =0 2 y 2 z (D) none of these m . g at e he Statement for Linked Question 2 .3 The distance of the first current maximum from the load will be (A) 3.co.2.56 cm A z -polarized transverse electromagnetic wave (TEM) propagating along a parallel plate transmission line filled of perfect dielectric in + ax direction. The total input impedance across the terminal AB will be GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww (C) 1.j40h W (D) ^40 .44 cm (B) 2.2.5 cm and 1. MCQ 8.500 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only EXERCISE 8. Which of the following is correct relation for the fields.in MCQ 8.2.j30h W MCQ 8. co (D) 2.56 cm (D) .5 Total length of 50 W lossless transmission line terminated in a load impedance ZL = ^30 + j15h W is l = 7l/20 as shown in figure.2 The distance of the first voltage maximum from the load will be (A) 0.2 Shop Online at www.3 : lp.nodia.

3h W MCQ 8. ZL = ^30 .4 cos ^8p # 107 t . Reason (R) : The input impedance at the position where the magnitude of the voltage on a distortionless line is maximum is purely real. All the lines are lossless and have characteristic impedance Z 0 = 100 W .4 cos ^8p # 107 t .48h W MCQ 8.2 .3 . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.80h W (D) ^23.j0.4 cos ^8p # 107 t + 22. m .j10h W .06 .8h W (C) ^64. (B) A and R both are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.j19. he lp.37.30ch V (B) 4. (D) A is false but R is true.j32. then what will be the input impedance of the transmission line ? (B) ^50.4h W (D) ^32.48h W (A) ^0.2h W (C) A is true but R is false.2. l = 6 m .22. (A) A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A.8 : MCQ 8.56ch V (D) 4.30h and an internal impedance Zg = 30 W is applied to a 30 W lossless transmission line that has a relative permittivity er = 2.j21.8 The input voltage of the transmission line will be (A) 4.62 + j23. ga te A voltage generator with vg ^ t h = 25 cos ^4p # 107 t .2.14 + j5.6 (B) ^19.05 .j38.10 : Two equal load impedances of 150 W are connected in parallel through a pair of transmission line.4 cos ^8p # 107 t .j64.nodia.8 .56ch (C) 4.7 If the line is terminated in a load impedance.44ch V Statements for Linked Question 9 .in (A) ^38.01h W (C) ^92. Statement for Linked Question 7 .Chap 8 Transmission Lines 501 For View Only Shop Online at www.2.co.4 . and the combination is connected to a feed transmission lien as shown in figure. co Assertion (A) : The input impedance of a quarter wavelength long lossless line terminated in a short-circuit is infinity.25 and length.

2.04 .24h W (D) ^8.13 A voltage generator Vsg = 500 volt with an internal resistance Zg = 100 W is applied to a configuration of lossless transmission lines as shown in figure.15 .2.nodia.4ch (B) 0.2.2. (C) ^35.4ch at e he MCQ 8.4h W MCQ 8.j113.4h W (D) ^107. g A 0.57 .14 .502 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.co.j17.7h W lp.67 cos ^6p # 108 t .9 The effective load impedance of feedline (ZLl) equals to (A) ^7.108.11 (C) 75 cos ^3 # 108 t .20 + j8.14 + j113.10 The total input impedance of the feedline (line 3) will be (A) ^2. The power delivered to the loads ZL1 and ZL2 will be respectively GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.12 A voltage generator Vsg = 150 V with an internal resistance Zg = 100 W is connected to a load ZL = 150 W through a 0.j56.375 l .62 + j35.15l section of a 100 W lossless transmission line.67 cos ^3 # 108 t .108.135ch MCQ 8. What is the average power delivered to the transmission line ? (A) 54 Watt (B) 30 Watt (C) 27 Watt (D) 60 Watt MCQ 8.67 cos ^6p # 108 t .20 .62h W (B) ^35.4ch (D) 0.in MCQ 8.j1.2.j8. If the line is terminated in a load impedance ZL = ^100 .62h W co m .20h W (C) ^215.108.j100h W then what will be the current flowing in the load ? (A) 0.13h W (B) ^215.3 GHz voltage generator with Vsg = 150 volt and an internal resistance Zg = 100 W is connected to a 100 W lossless transmission line of length l = 0.

17 : A unit step voltage generator is applied to a 90 W airspaced lossless transmission line at time.14 (B) 105.nodia. t $ 0 the voltage waveform at the sending end of the transmission line is shown in the figure below : GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp. At any time.2 mWatt m .33 Watt (B) lossless (C) Distortion less (D) (B) and (C) both MCQ 8. t = 0 .in (A) 612.2.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 503 For View Only Shop Online at www.2 mWatt (D) .2 mWatt ww w. If a voltage generator Vsg = 4 V with an internal resistance Zg = 100 W is applied to the whole configuration then the average power transmitted to the infinite transmission line will be (C) 17.2.2. The input impedance of an infinitely long transmission line is equal to it’s characteristic impedance.15 (A) 2. The transmission line will be (A) slightly lossy co (D) 306.11 Watt (B) 22. ga te An infinitely long lossy transmission line with characteristic impedance Z 01 = 200 W is feeded by a l/2 section of 80 W lossless transmission line as shown in figure.8 mWatt Common Data for Question 16 .co.10 Watt MCQ 8.23 Watt (C) 153.

30 W GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he At time t = 0 unit step voltage generator Vg with an internal resistance Rg is applied to a 100 W shorted transmission line filled with dielectric of permittivity e = 4e0 as shown in figure lp. 60 W (D) 19. 38.2 W (C) 60 volt.co.17 (C) 42.2 volt.16 The length of the transmission line will be (A) 1200 m (B) 600 m .4 volt.in MCQ 8.504 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.86 W MCQ 8. g at e (B) 38.18 The voltage waveform for any time t $ 0 at the sending end is sown in figure below Vg and Rg will be respectively equal to (A) 30 volt. 19. (D) 233 W The unit step generator voltage connected to the line has an internal resistance Rg = 100 W .4 W ww w.2.2.2.16 W co (C) 150 m (D) 300 m m MCQ 8.43 W (B) 93.nodia. What will be the load impedance connected to the transmission line ? (A) 21.

19 The bounce diagram of the transmission line will be MCQ 8. MCQ 8. The transmission line is terminated in a resistive load ZL = 50 W and characterized by Z 0 = 100 W .2.in Statement for Linked Question 19 . co m .Chap 8 Transmission Lines 505 For View Only Shop Online at www.20 The instantaneous voltage waveform v ^ t h at the sending end of the transmission line will be GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2.5 m section o an airspacd lossless transmission line is fed by a unit step voltage generator Vg = 30 volt with internal resistance Rg = 200 W . ga te he lp.co.20 : A 2.nodia.

If line is terminated in a load ZL = 50 W then the possible value of the characteristic impedance of the line will be (A) 125 W (B) 250 W (D) (A) and (C) Both co m .35l from the load will be (A) ^0.61 .2.2.4e j76c (D) 0.2.61 + j0.506 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.544l The first voltage maximum will occur at a distance of (A) 0.21 (C) 20 W Common Data for Question 22 .022h W (C) 0.2h W (C) ^61 . g at e A lossless transmission line characterized by Z 0 = 50 W is terminated in a load ZL = ^50 + j75h W he lp. The SWR circle ‘L1 L2 ’ is shown on the smith chart for a lossless transmission line.106l MCQ 8.in MCQ 8.24e j76c MCQ 8.22h W (B) ^61 + j2.4e-j7.25 ww MCQ 8.2.co.26 A transmission line of characteristic impedance 50 W is terminated by an inductor as shown in the figure.22 The reflection coefficient of the line will be (A) 4.456l (D) 0.106l from load (B) 0.106l from Generator (D) 0.2h W (D) ^0.2.25 : MCQ 8.nodia.24e j76c (C) 4.23 The input impedance at a distance of 0. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.144l from generator MCQ 8.j0.24 The shortest length of the transmission line for which the input impedance appears to be purely resistive will be (A) 0.25l (B) 0.144l from load (C) 0.j2.2.6c (B) 0.

Chap 8 Transmission Lines 507 For View Only Shop Online at www. Z 0 S S S (C) Z 0 S . h 2 and h 3 respectively as shown in the figure.2.co.2e-25t h Volt (B) ^2e-25t . (A) Z 0 S . A transmission line has the characteristic impedance Z 0 and the voltage standing wave ratio is S . Z 0 (B) Z 0 .2. Z 0 S S co m (D) ^e-25t .30 : A quarter wave dielectric of thickness ‘t ’ and permittivity ‘e’ eliminates reflections of uniform plane waves of frequency 2.1h Volt .1h Volt (C) 2e-25t Volt MCQ 8.27 Statement for Linked Question 29 . The line impedance on the transmission line at voltage maximum and minimum are respectively.nodia.5 GHz incident normally from free space onto a dielectric of permittivity 16e0 .29 The permittivity of the dielectric coating equals to (A) e0 /2 (B) e0 /4 (C) 4e0 (D) 2e0 MCQ 8.30 What is the thickness ‘t ’ of the dielectric coating ? (A) 25 cm (B) 2.5 cm (C) 1 cm (D) 10 cm GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. (Assume all media to have m = m0 ) MCQ 8.2. Z 0 S (D) Z 0 . At any time t the resulting negative wave voltage at the load terminal will be (A) ^1 .2. What will be the thickness ‘t ’ and intrinsic impedance ‘ h 2 ’ of the medium 2 for which the reflected wave having wavelength ‘l’ is eliminated in medium 1 are thickness ‘t ’ intrinsic impedance h 2 (A) h1 h 3 l/4 (B) h1 /h 3 l/2 (C) h1 /h 3 l/4 (D) h1 h3 l/2 lp.in A positive wave with constant voltage V0 = 1 volt is incident on the load terminal at t = 0 . ga te he MCQ 8.28 Consider the three mediums of intrinsic impedances h1 .

g at e he lp.GL 1 + GL m (C) V 1+ b 1 .j40h W (D) ^60 .j80h W MCQ 8. The height of the first forward voltage pulse is V 1+ .in MCQ 8.125l.34 A 60 W transmission line. The distance between the first voltage maximum and load is 0.Gg GL (A) V 1+ .co.2. Plot of the voltage on the line at a distance 5 m from the source against time will be m .nodia. A 15 V voltage source with internal resistance 50 W is connected to the transmission line at t = 0 .2. The internal resistance of the source is 120 W.2.25 mH/m and C l = 100 PF/m is terminated by it’s characteristic impedance.2. If the voltage reflection coefficients at the load and source are respectively GL and Gg then the steady state voltage across the load is 1 .Gg GL MCQ 8. voltage source.GL l 1 + GL (D) V 1+ c 1 + GL m 1 . co A 100 W lossless transmission line with it’s parameter Ll = 0.31 A transmission line has characteristics impedance 100 W and standing wave ratio 3.33 A lossless transmission line terminated by a load impedance ZL ! Z 0 is connected to a D.C. Load impedance of the transmission line is (A) ^30 + j40h W (B) ^60 + j80h W (C) ^30 .1 + GL E (B) V 1+ c 1 .32 MCQ 8.508 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. The steady state voltage across the load will be GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. terminated by a load of 180 W is connected to a 100 V DC source at t = 0 .

5 A (C) 0. The plot of input current to the line is shown in the figure below m . ga te *********** he lp.36 The characteristic impedance of the transmission line will be (A) 1.in (B) 100 V (D) 60 V At t = 0 a 50 Volt D.2.37 : MCQ 8.co.33 A (D) 1.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 509 For View Only (A) 50 V (C) 120 V MCQ 8.2.2.5 W MCQ 8.37 The load resistance terminated to the transmission line will be (A) 263 W (B) 80 W (C) 150 W (D) 43 W GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3 A Statement for Linked Question 36 . The steady state load current for the transmission line is (A) 0.nodia. co A transmission line of an unknown length terminated in a resistance is connected to a 5 V battery with zero internal resistance.2 kW (B) 80 W (C) 8 W (D) 12.C. source with an internal resistance 30 W is connected to a transmission line of 15 W characteristic impedance having a load of 45 W.67 A (B) 1.35 Shop Online at www.

4 GATE 2011 w.9 90c 0.co.58 cm MCQ 8. The value of ZL is (B) 250 W (A) 10 W (D) (19. g A transmission line of characteristic impedance 50 W is terminated by a 50 W load. -9 e0 = 10 F/m .2 0c 0. then If the scattering matrix [S ] of a two port network is [S ] = > 0.3.3.3.15) W 0.3 W co (D) 43.2 GATE 2012 (C) 1.nodia. If the matching is to be done both at 429 MHz and 1 GHz.2 # 108 m/s (D) 3 # 108 m/s (C) (19.3 GATE 2011 (C) 1.5 cm (b) 1.9 90c H.8 # 108 m/s (B) 1.510 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only EXERCISE 8.in MCQ 8.1 GATE 2012 MCQ 8.3.15) W MCQ 8. The phase velocity of the wave along the line is (A) 0. When excited by a sinusoidal voltage source at 20 GHz.5 GATE 2010 ww A transmission line of characteristic impedance 50 W is terminated in a load impedance ZL . Given m0 = 4p # 10-7 H/m. (C) 143. The VSWR of the line is measured as 5 and the first of the voltage maxima in the line is observed at a distance of l/4 from the load.3.6 # 108 m/s MCQ 8. the phase difference between two points spaced 2 mm apart on the line is found to be p/4 radians.89.75 m lp. the characteristic impedance of the cable is 36p (A) 330 W (B) 100 W m .23 .23 + j 46.4 mm is filled with a dielectric of relative permittivity 10.3 Shop Online at www.j 46.4 W A coaxial-cable with an inner diameter of 2 mm and outer diameter of 2. the length of the transmission line can be approximately (A) 82.05 m (D) 1.1 90c the network is (A) lossless and reciprocal (B) lossless but not reciprocal (C) not lossless but reciprocal (D) neither lossless nor reciprocal GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e he A transmission line with a characteristic impedance of 100 W is used to match a 50 W section to a 200 W section.

the input impedance at the other end of transmission line is (A) 0 (B) Resistive (C) Capacitive (D) Inductive MCQ 8. The lines are lossless and have the characteristic impedances shown. lp.co.014 MCQ 8. the attenuation constant(in Np/m) is (A) 500 (B) 5 (C) 0.3. (B) 1. At 5 GHz. each of length l/2 .00 (C) 2.nodia.3.6 A transmission line has a characteristic impedance of 50 W and a resistance of GATE 2010 0. all the transmission line sections are lossless.3. as shown. The 2-port scattering parameter matrix (S-matrix) of the shunt element is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he A transmission line terminates in two branches.7 GATE 2010 (D) 0.3.00 (B) 100 W (D) 25 W co m .Chap 8 Transmission Lines 511 For View Only Shop Online at www.in MCQ 8.10 GATE 2007 A load of 50 W is connected in shunt in a 2-wire transmission line of Z0 = 50W as shown in the figure. Determine the impedance Zi as seen by the source. The branches are terminated by 50 W loads.3.002 In the circuit shown.9 GATE 2008 ww w.64 (D) 3. The Voltage Standing Wave Ration(VSWR) on the 60 W line is (A) 1. If the line is distortion less.1 W/m . ga te One end of a loss-less transmission line having the characteristic impedance of 75 W and length of 2 cm is short-circuited.50 MCQ 8.8 GATE 2009 (A) 200 W (C) 50 W MCQ 8.

54 W (D) 7. The parallel branches of a 2-wire transmission line are terminated in 50 W and 200 W resistors as shown in the figure.13 GATE 2005 Characteristic impedance of a transmission line is 50 W.j 7 5 (C) j 5 7 MCQ 8.nodia.54 W GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww he (B) .69 + j11. The total power radiated by the horn antenna into the free space is (A) 10 Watts (B) 1 Watts (C) 0.12 GATE 2006 A transmission line is feeding 1 watt of power to a horn antenna having a gain of 10 dB.11 GATE 2007 w. The characteristic impedance of the line is Z 0 = 50 W and each section has a length of l .in 1 -1 2 2 (A) > 1 1H 2 -2 2 -1 3 3 (C) > 2 -1H 3 3 (B) = 0 1 G 1 0 1 MCQ 8.01 Watt MCQ 8.3.3.3. Input impedance of the open circuited line is Zoc = 100 + j150 W .j11. The voltage reflection coefficient G 4 at the input is co m 1 4 (D) > 4 3 -4 3 -4 H .5 7 (D) 5 7 lp. g at e (A) .co.512 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. The antenna is matched to the transmission line. then value of the input impedance will be (A) 50 W (B) 100 + j150 W (C) 7. When the transmission line is short circuited.1 Watts (D) 0.69 .

6 MCQ 8. ga te (C) Constant reactance circles MCQ 8.15 GATE 2005 (C) 0. 50 W source at one end and is left open circuited at the other end.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 513 For View Only Shop Online at www.co.0.3.3. (D) 60/7 V The value of the load resistance is (A) 50 W (B) 200 W m .3.wave long (at 1 GHz) transmission line as shown in Fig. It is connected to a 20 V.3. MCQ 8.15 : Voltage standing wave pattern in a lossless transmission line with characteristic impedance 50 and a resistive load is shown in the figure.in Statement of Linked Questions 14 .1 (B) Constant resistance circles (D) Constant reflection coefficient circles.6 co (D) 0 (B) .nodia. quarter . The magnitude of the voltage at the open circuit end of the line is (A) 10 V (C) 60 V GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he Many circles are drawn in a Smith Chart used for transmission line calculations.17 GATE 2004 Consider a 200 W.5 W MCQ 8.16 GATE 2005 (A) Unit circles ww w. The circles shown in the figure represent lp. (D) 0 (B) 5 V The reflection coefficient is given by (A).14 GATE 2005 (C) 12.

nodia. The movement from point P along a constant resistance circle in the clockwise direction by an angle 45c is equivalent to (A) adding an inductance in series with Z (B) adding a capacitance in series with Z (C) adding an inductance in shunt across Z (D) adding a capacitance in shunt across Z MCQ 8.02 + j0) mho (C) (0.514 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.01 . The measured VSWR is 2.02) mho GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp. the admittance Y seen at the junction of the stub and the transmission line is (D) (0.circuited stub is shunt connected to a transmission line as shown in fig.02) mho ww w.j0.20 GATE 2003 at e A lossless transmission line is terminated in a load which reflects a part of the incident power. g A short .04 .11 (A) (0.33 (D) 11.j0.co.3.in MCQ 8.3.11 MCQ 8. (B) (0.19 GATE 2004 (C) 0.j0.18 Consider an impedance Z = R + jX marked with point P in an impedance Smith GATE 2004 chart as shown in Fig. The percentage of the power that is reflected back is (A) 57.73 (B) 33.01) mho co m . If Z0 = 50 W .3.02 .

Chap 8 Transmission Lines 515 For View Only Shop Online at www.3. ga te In a twin-wire transmission line in air. co (B) RL = GC (D) RG = LC A transmission line is distortionless if (A) RL = 1 GC m (D) no change in the impedance .25 GATE 1999 (C) 2 GHz MCQ 8. The operating frequency is (A) 300 MHz (B) 1 GHz (D) 6. C = 40 pF/m is operated at 25 MHz .co.3.3. l/4 long. (A) 25 W (B) 50 W (D) 100 W lp. The minimum impedance measured on the line is equal to (A) 0 W (B) 25 W (C) 50 W (D) 100 W MCQ 8. the adjacent voltage maxima are at 25 m and 12.3.23 GATE 2001 (C) LG = RC MCQ 8. 50 W transmission line is open circuited at the load end.3.1 and + 1 (C) 0 and 3 MCQ 8.nodia.in MCQ 8.28 GATE 1997 A very lossy.28 GHz In air.3.5 meters (B) l meters (C) p/2 radians (D) 180 deg rees MCQ 8. The input impedance measured at the other end of the line is approximately (A) 0 (B) 50 W (C) 3 (D) None of the above GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he The magnitudes of the open-circuit and short-circuit input impedances of a transmission line are 100 W and 25 W respectively.3.26 GATE 1999 ww w. a lossless transmission line of length 50 cm with L = 10 mH/m . The characteristic impedance of the line is.3. a clockwise movement along a constant resistance circle gives rise to (A) a decrease in the value of reactance (B) an increase in the value of reactance (C) no change in the reactance value MCQ 8. Its electrical path length is (A) 0.24 GATE 2000 (C) 75 W MCQ 8.27 GATE 1997 A transmission line of 50 W characteristic impedance is terminated with a 100 W resistance.4 m.21 The VSWR can have any value between GATE 2002 (A) 0 and 1 (B) .22 GATE 2002 (D) 1 and 3 In an impedance Smith chart.

(D) 0 A l/4 line.3. The velocity of a travelling wave on the transmission line is (B) 1 (A) Z 0 C Z0 C (C) Z 0 (D) C Z0 C m . If SWR = 4 .35 IES EC 2011 ww An ideal lossless transmission line of Z 0 = 60 W is connected to unknown ZL . 4. 3 and 4 (C) 2 and 3 only GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.31 IES EC 2012 (C) 3 MCQ 8.nodia. find ZL . Increase its leakage resistance Decrease its leakage resistance Achieve distortionless condition (B) 1 and 3 only (D) 1 and 4 only (A) 1.516 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. VSWR is (A) 0.3.02 A (C) 3 MCQ 8. shorted at one end.3. 2. the minima locations are not altered and the VSWR is measured to be 3.3. 3. The current drawn from the voltage source is (A) 0 (B) 0.in MCQ 8. (C) 225 W MCQ 8. The value of RL is (A) 25 W (B) 50 W (D) 250 W (C) 1 MCQ 8. presents impedance at the other end equal to (B) 2 Z 0 (A) Z 0 co The capacitance per unit length and the characteristic impedance of a lossless transmission line are C and Z 0 respectively. When the short is replaced by a resistive load RL .5 (B) 2 (D) 8 (C) 120 W MCQ 8.29 A lossless transmission line having 50 W characteristic impedance and length l/4 GATE 1996 is short circuited at one end and connected to an ideal voltage source of 1 V at the other end.33 IES EC 2011 at e A 100 W transmission line is first short-terminated and the minima locations are noted.co.32 IES EC & EE 2012 where Z 0 is characteristic impedance of the line.34 IES EC 2011 w.3.3. Increase its inductance 2.30 GATE 1996 (D) none of these MCQ 8. (A) 240 W (B) 480 W (D) 100 W Loading of a cable is done to 1.3. g If maximum and minimum voltage on a transmission line are 2 V and 5 Vrespectively.

and 4 (B) 2 and 3 only (C) 1 and 3 only MCQ 8.38 IES EC 2010 Codes : (A) (B) (C) (D) MCQ 8. d.3. Its attenuation is constant and is independent of frequency 2. The VSWR on the line is (A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 0 (D) j At UHF short-circuited lossless transmission lines can be used to provide appropriate values of impedance. what will be the number of voltage maxima on the line ? (A) 0 (B) 3 (C) 6 (D) 7 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (D) 3 and 4 only lp.3. co m . If the operating wavelength is 250 m. l < l/4 l/4 < l < l/2 l = l/4 l = l/2 a 2 3 2 3 b 1 1 4 4 c 4 4 1 1 d 3 2 3 2 1. 4.in MCQ 8.39 IES EC 2010 Consider the following statements regarding a transmission line : 1.nodia. ga te The reflection coefficient on a 200 m long transmission line has a phase angle of . 3. c.150c. 4. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : List I a. 3. List II Capacitive Inductive 3 0 MCQ 8.3. which of the following systems is best for transmission IES EC 2010 line load matching ? (A) Single stub (B) Double stub (C) Single stub with adjustable position (D) Quarter wave transformer MCQ 8.co.3. Its attenuation varies linearly with frequency Its phase shift varies linearly with frequency Its phase shift is constant and is independent of frequency Which of the above statements are correct for distortion less line ? (A) 1. 2. 3. b.3.40 IES EC 2009 ww w.36 Given a range of frequencies.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 517 For View Only Shop Online at www. 2.37 IES EC 2010 A line of characteristic impedance 50 W is terminated at one end by + j 50 W .

nodia.3. 2.518 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. 4.41 With regard to a transmission line. 3.45 IES EC 2007 at e A lossless transmission line of characteristic impedance Z 0 and length l < l/4 is terminated at the load end by an open circuit. What is its input impedance Zin ? (B) Zin = jZ 0 cot bl (A) Zin = jZ 0 tan bl (D) Zin =. To reduce the SWR along the line to 1. What will be the input impedance of the transformer ? (A) Zero (B) Infinite (D) Finite and negative lp.3. (B) The SWR = 2 circle and the magnitude of reflection coefficient = 0. (D) Matching eliminates the reflected wave between the source and the matching device location.46 IES EC 2007 Match List I (Load impedance) with List II (Value of Reflection Coefficient) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : List-I a. b.3. c.in MCQ 8. the current reflection coefficient is the reciprocal of the voltage reflection coefficient.3. d.jZ 0 tan bl MCQ 8. which of the following statements is correct ? IES EC 2009 (A) Any impedance repeats itself every l/4 on the Smith chart.44 IES EC 2008 (C) Zin =. what must be the characteristic impedance of the quarterwave transformer used for this purpose.3.42 IES EC 2009 MCQ 8. List-II 0 -1 +1 +1/3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww (C) There are no reflections in the line w. MCQ 8. It is required to match a 200 W load to a 450 W transmission line. if it is connected directly to the load ? (A) 90 kW (B) 300 W (D) 3 W (C) 9 W 2 4 co m .5 circle coincide on the Smith chart. Short Circuit Open Circuit Line characteristics impedance 2 # line characteristic impedance 1.jZ 0 tan bl (B) It can be either inductive or capacitive (D) Standing waves of voltage and current are set up along length of the lines MCQ 8.co.43 IES EC 2009 (C) Finite and positive MCQ 8.3. (C) At any point on a transmission line. g Which one of the following statements for a short circuited loss free line is not correct ? (A) The line appears as a pure reactance when viewed from the sending end he The load end of a quarter wave transformer gets disconnected thereby causing an open-circuited load.

3.51 IES EC 2006 A quarter wave impedance transformer is terminated by a short circuit.3.49 IES EC 2006 (C) MCQ 8. ga te 1.48 IES EC 2007 (C) 5/2 MCQ 8. Input Impedance VSWR Reflection coefficient Codes : a (A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 3 (D) 2 MCQ 8. 3.1 to + 1 lp.co.47 IES EC 2007 Shop Online at www. 2. what is the corresponding VSWR ? (A) 3/2 (B) 2/3 m (C) 3 (D) Infinite . (D) Which one of the following is the characteristic impedance of lossless transmission line ? (A) R/G (B) L/G R/C co (D) 2/5 If the reflection coefficient is 1/5. What would its input impedance be equal to ? (A) The line characteristic impedance (B) Zero (C) Infinity (D) Square root of the line characteristic impedance GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 519 For View Only Codes : (A) (B) (C) (D) MCQ 8.50 IES EC 2006 L /C Match List I (Quantity) with List II (Range of Values) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : a. b c.nodia.3. b 3 2 1 1 c 1 1 2 3 List-I he List-II 1 to 3 0 to 3 .3.3.in b 1 3 3 1 c 3 1 1 3 d 4 2 4 2 a 2 4 2 4 When the reflection coefficient equals 1 0c what is the VSWR? (A) Zero (B) 1 MCQ 8.

55 A plane wave having x -directed electric field propagating in free space along the z -direction is incident on an infinite electrically conducting (perfect conductor) sheet at z = 0 plane.1 wavelength towards source ? (A) 0. co (D) 0.54 IES EC 2005 To couple a coaxial line to a parallel wire.56 IES EC 2004 (C) 32. MCQ 8.3. Which one of the following is correct ? (A) The sheet will absorb the wave he lp.2 m MCQ 8.nodia.3e+j30c (B) 0. the distance towards the load is always measured in clockwise direction.3. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.3e+j102c m .co.3e+j258c MCQ 8.in MCQ 8.3.3.3.322 m (B) 3.3e-j30c. it is best to use a : (A) Balun (B) Slotted line (C) Directional coupler (D) Quarter wave transformer IES EC 2005 (C) There will be y -directed surface electric current on the sheet (D) There will be magnetic current in the sheet. A polar coordinate Smith chart contains circles of constant z and circles of constant z In Smith chart. what is the distance for which radio signal can be transmitted with 90% attenuation at 25 kHz ? (A) 0.520 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.22 m (D) 322 m Consider the following statements regarding Smith charts : 1. What is the reflection coefficient at a distance of 0.52 Scattering parameters are more suited than impedance parameters to describe a IES EC 2006 waveguide junction because (A) the scattering parameters are frequency invariant whereas the impedance parameters are not so (B) scattering matrix is always unitary (C) impedance parameters vary over unacceptably wide ranges (D) scattering parameters are directly measurable but impedance parameters are not so MCQ 8. 3.53 IES EC 2005 (C) 0.57 IES EC 2004 ww For sea water with s = 5 mho/m and er = 80 . A normalized Smith chart applies to a line of any characteristic resistance and serves as well for normalized admittance 2.3e+66c In a transmission line the reflection coefficient at the load end is given by 0. g (B) There will be x -directed surface electric current on the sheet at e MCQ 8.3.

3.58 IES EC 2004 (D) 1 and 2 A ^100 . The reflection coefficient will be (A) 0.033 (B) 0.j75h W load is connected to a co-axial cable of characteristic impedance 75 ohms at 12 GHz.3. co (D) 3. ga te Consider the following : For a lossless transmission line we can write : 1.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 521 For View Only Shop Online at www.62 IES EC 2002 ww w.000 W MCQ 8. The quarter wave line characteristic impedance must be (A) 40 W (B) 100 W (C) 400 W (D) 425 W GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he ZL = 200 W and it is desired that Zin = 50 W . Zin =.3.3.nodia.66 MCQ 8.co.3.jZ 0 for a shorted line with l = l/8 The input impedance of a short circuited quarter wave long transmission line is (A) purely reactive (B) purely resistive (C) dependent on the characteristic impedance of the line (D) none of the above MCQ 8.3. which one of the following will have to be connected ? (A) A short-circuited sub at load (B) Inductance at load (D) A short-circuited stub at some specific distance from load MCQ 8. The quarter wave transformer should have a characteristic impedance of (A) 100 W (B) 40 W (D) 4 W lp.3 (D) 2 and 4 In a line VSWR of a load is 6 dB. Zin = ! ja for a shorted line with l = l/4 Zin = Z 0 for a matched line of any length Select the correct answer using the codes given below : (A) 1 and 2 (B) 2 and 3 (C) 1 and 3 MCQ 8.33 m (C) A capacitance at a specific distance at load .61 IES EC 2002 2.63 IES EC 2002 A transmission line of output impedance 400 W is to be matched to a load of 25 W through a quarter wavelength line.in Which of the statements given above are correct ? (A) 1.60 IES EC 2003 (C) 10.3. 2 and 3 (B) 2 and 3 (C) 1 and 3 MCQ 8. In order to obtain the best matching.59 IES EC 2003 (C) 0.

5 cm.68 IES EC 2001 Fig. then GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. If c is the velocity in the line. c.3.in MCQ 8.3. The sending-end input 3. II.65 IES EC 2001 (D) infinite Match List I (Parameters) with List II (Values) for a transmission line with a series impedance Z = Rl + jwLl W/m and a shunt admittance Y = Gl + jwC l mho/m .66 IES EC 2001 (B) RC = GL (C) Very low frequency range (R >> wL. g Which of the following conditions will not guarantee a distortionless transmission line ? (A) R = G = 0 at e Codes : a (A) 3 (B) 2 (C) 2 (D) 1 b 1 3 1 2 c 1 3 2 2 he lp.3.nodia.5 GHz (B) 600 MHz (D) 1.5 cm and 37.64 The input impedance of l/8 long short-circuited section of a lossless transmission IES EC 2001 line is (A) zero (B) inductive (C) capacitive MCQ 8. 2.2 GHz (C) 300 MHz MCQ 8.3. The operating frequency is (A) 1. adjacent maxima are found at 12. The switch is closed at time t = 0 and after a time t the voltage distribution on the line reaches that shown in Fig. b.3.67 IES EC 2001 In an air line. Characteristic impedance Z 0 Propagation constant g 1. I shows an open circuited transmission line. G >> wC ) (D) Very high frequency range (R << wL.522 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.co. and select the correct answer : a. impedance Zin when the line is terminated in its characteristic impedance Z 0 co Y/Z m ZY Z/Y List-I List-II . MCQ 8. G << wC ) MCQ 8.

71 IES EE 2011 (C) conductivity of the dielectric separating the conductors If the maximum and minimum voltages on a transmission line are 4 V and 2 V.5 (C) 2. the minima locations are not altered and the VSWR is measured to be 3.6.in (A) t < l/c (C) 1l/c > l/c MCQ 8. VSWR is (A) 1.73 IES EE 2010 If reflection coefficient for voltage be 0.3.3.3.72 IES EE 2011 A transmission line is distortionless if (A) RG = LC (C) R = G L C MCQ 8. The voltage reflected coefficient is (A) 1/4 (B) 1/3 (C) 1/2 (D) 1 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. respectively for a typical load. ga te he For a lossy transmission line.0 (D) 8.70 IES EE 2011 (B) theconductivity of the conductors (D) length of the line MCQ 8.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 523 For View Only Shop Online at www. When the short is replaced by a resistive load RL . The value of RL is (A) 25 W (B) 50 W m .69 IES EE 2012 (B) t = l/c (D) t < 2l/c (C) 225 W MCQ 8. (D) 250 W co A 75 W transmission line is first short-terminated and the minima locations are noted.co.0 (B) 0.5 (D) 2 MCQ 8. terminated in a 100 ohm load.74 IES EE 2010 A signal of 10 V is applied to a 80 ohm coaxial transmission line.nodia.3.0 (B) RC = GL (D) R = G MCQ 8. the characteristic impedance does not depend on (A) the operating frequency of the line lp.66 (B) 4 (C) 1.3.3. the voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) is (A) 0.

j 0.8 (B) 0.3.3.76 IES EE 2009 (D) 0.6 (C) 0. Which of the statements given above are correct ? (A) 1 and 2 (B) 2 and 3 (C) 1 and 3 MCQ 8.co. when short circuited and open circuited. then what is the power transmitted by the line B ? .524 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.79 IES EE 2007 ww For a lossless half wave transmission line the input impedance is not equal to load impedance.j 0.3. 3.in MCQ 8.4 (A) 4 W1 (C) 2W1 MCQ 8. For a finite line terminated by its characteristic impedance the velocity and current at all points on the line are exactly same. w.j 20) ohm.j 0.3. 2 and 3 co m Two lossless resistive transmission lines each of characteristic impedance Z are connected as shown in the circuit below.nodia. If the maximum voltage on the two lines is the same and the power transmitted by line A is W1 .77 IES EE 2009 (C) 45 W MCQ 8. When a transmission line is terminated by its characteristic impedance the line will not have any reflected wave.6 .3 + j 0. g Consider the following statements for transmission lines : 1.3 .78 IES EE 2008 at e A transmission line section shows an input impedance of 36 W and 64 W respectively.3.75 A transmission line of characteristic impedance of 50 ohm is terminated by a load IES EE 2009 impedance of (15 . What is the normalized load impedance ? (A) 0.4 MCQ 8. What does the standing wave ratio (SWR) of unity imply ? (A) Transmission line is open circuited (B) Transmission line is short circuited (C) Transmission line’s characteristic impedance is equal to load impedance (D) Transmission line’s characteristic impedance is not equal to load impedance GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp. (B) 3W1 (D) 1W1 (D) 1. What is the characteristic impedance of the transmission line ? (A) 100 W (B) 50 W (D) 48 W 2.3 .

Chap 8 Transmission Lines 525 For View Only Shop Online at www.0 What is the attenuation constant a for distortionless transmission line ? (A) a = 0 (B) a = R C L (C) a = R (D) a = RL C MCQ 8. what is the reflection coefficient GL ? (A) 1/3 (B) 2/3 .1 m3 m3 2 r r r r IES EE 2006 (C) .1 h + loge )b l c loge )b l c h2 .1/2 m MCQ 8.86 IES EE 2005 The open circuit and short circuit impedances of a line are 50 W each.5 (D) 2.3.1/3 MCQ 8.3.85 IES EE 2005 A 75 W distortionless transmission line has a capacitance of 10.80 h = half centre to centre spacing.nodia. What is the inductance per meter ? (A) 0. which one of the following expressions represents the characteristics impedance of the line ? g R + j wL (B) (A) g R + j wL G + jw C R + jw L co (D) .3.co.1/3 (A) 2/3 (B) 0. r = conductor radius and e = permittivity of the IES EE 2007 medium.3.3. (D) A transmission line has R. C distributed parameters per unit length of line. G. What is the characteristic impedance of the line ? (B) 100W (A) 100 2 W (C) 100/ 2 W (D) 50 W GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp.84 IES EE 2005 ww w.1 m3 m3 2 r r r r 3pe 4pe (C) (D) 2 h + h2 .1 h + loge )b l c loge )b l c h2 .3.in MCQ 8. If g is the propagation constant of the line.3. Which one of the following is equal to the capacitance per unit length of a two-wire transmission line ? pe 2pe (A) (B) 2 h + h2 . L.10 f/m.83 IES EE 2005 G + j wC g he (C) 4.0 MCQ 8.25 mH (B) 500 mH (C) 5000 mH (D) 50 mH MCQ 8.81 For a line of characteristic impedance Z 0 terminated in a load of ZR such that ZR = Z 0 /3 .82 IES EE 2006 (C) MCQ 8. ga te L C What is the value of standing wave ratio (SWR) in free space for reflection for reflection coefficient G =.

3. G and C are line constants) G + jwC 2.88 IES EE 2005 MCQ 8. C = 40 pF/m is operated at 30 MHz.92 IES EE 2003 Consider the following statements : Characteristic impedance of a transmission line is given by R + jw L 1.3.3. then what is value of the reflection coefficient ? (A) 1 (B) . g Assertion (A) : In a lossless transmission line the voltage and current distributions along the line are always constant.5 m When a lossless transmission line is terminated by a resistance equal to surge impedance.1 ^R + jwL h^G + jwC h .jwL h^G .j50) is connected to a transmission line of characteristic IES EE 2005 impedance Z 0 = 75 W .87 A load impedance of (75 . the line looks like a series resonant circuit. The best method of matching comprises (A) A short circuit stub at load (B) A short circuit stub at some specific distance from load (C) An open stub at load (D) Two short circuited stubs at specific distances from load MCQ 8.jwL h (A) (B) ^G + jwC h ^G .2l co (C) 0 (D) 0.89 IES EE 2004 (C) 108c MCQ 8.3.jwC h he Which one of the following is the correct expression for the propagation constant in a transmission line ? ^R + jwL h ^R .2 and 3 (B) 1 and 2 (C) 2 and 3 (D) 1 and 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww (D) A is false but R is true w.91 IES EE 2004 (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false MCQ 8. Zoc Zsc . Reason (R) : The voltage and current distributions in an open line are such that at a distance l/4 from the load end. . (R. (Zoc and Zsc are the open and short circuit impedances of the line) 3. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A at e (C) ^R .nodia. What is its electric length (bl) ? (A) 20l (B) 0. V l/I l.3. L.3.in MCQ 8.co.jwC h (D) lp. ( V l and I l are the voltage and current of the wave travelling in the positive y direction) Which of these are correct ? (A) 1.90 IES EE 2004 MCQ 8.526 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. (D) 40p A lossless transmission line of length 50 cm with L = 10 mH/m .

97 IES EE 2001 In the relations S = 1 .2 (B) 0.1 to 0 (B) 1 to 3 and .nodia. Which expression gives the characteristic impedance of the line ? g R + j wL (B) (A) g R + j wL G + jw C R + jw L m .5 MCQ 8.98 IES EE 2001 Consider the following statements : The characteristic impedance of a transmission line can increase with the increase in 1. 4.94 IES EE 2003 (D) Zs =. The characteristic impedance of the line is (B) 50 W (A) 100 2 W (D) 100 W lp.3.3.3.3. vary as (A) 0 to 1 and .1 to 0 and 0 to 1 MCQ 8. g is the propagation constant of the lines.jZ 0 cot bl A loss-less transmission line with characteristic impedance of 600 ohms is terminated in a purely resistive load of 900 ohms. (C) G + j wC g co (D) A transmission line has R.in MCQ 8.3.1 to + 1 (C) . respectively.93 A loss-less transmission line of characteristic impedance Z 0 and l < l/4 is terminated IES EE 2003 at the load end by a short circuit.G . L.5 (C) 0.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 527 For View Only Shop Online at www. 3.96 IES EE 2001 (C) 100/ 2 W MCQ 8.95 IES EE 2002 MCQ 8. conductance per unit length capacitance per unit length inductance per unit length Which of these statements are correct ? (A) 1 and 2 (C) 1 and 4 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia (B) 2 and 3 (D) 3 and 4 ww w.1 to + 1 and 1 to 3 (D) . G and C distributed parameters per unit length of the line.3.667 (D) 1. The short circuit impedance of the same line is also 100 W. ga te 1+ G he The open circuit impedance of a certain length of a loss-less line is 100 W. the values of S and G (where S stands for wave ratio and G is reflection coefficient).jZ 0 tan bl (C) Zs = jZ 0 tan bl MCQ 8. resistance per unit length 2. Its input impedance Zs is (B) Zs = jZ 0 cot bl (A) Zs =.co. The reflection coefficient is (A) 0.

5 10-2 + 10-2 l 2p 11.2 Option (C) is correct.6 # 107 S/m Operating frequency.nodia. Given. f = 4 GHz = 4 # 109 Hz So. l So the effect of transmission line on the voltage wave is negligible i. Inner diameter of coaxial line. the output voltage will be in the same phase to the input voltage. Inner diameter of coaxial line. 2a = 1 cm & a = 0.5 cm &a = 0.e.788 W/m Option (D) is correct. sc = 11. mc = 2m0 Conductivity of conductor.01 Since. the angular frequency of the applied voltage is w = 4 # 10 4 p and the wavelength of the voltage wave is v 2pv p w l = p= a f = 2p k w f -2 l = w ^20 # 10 h Therefore. 2b = 2 cm & b = 10-2 m Permeability of conductor. Given the input voltage. .in SOL 8.3 ww w. 2pv p l (4 10 4 p) # (20 # 10-2) (in free space v p = 3 # 108 m/s ) = # 2p # (3 # 108) = 1.co. the resistance per unit length of transmission line is given as : pfmc 1 1 Rl = 1 + 2p sc b a b l p # (4 # 109) # (2 # 4p # 10-7) 1 1 = 1 b 0.1 Option (D) is correct.75 # 10-2 m co m SOL 8. 2a = 1.1.528 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only SOLUTIONS 8.5 # 10-2 m and outer diameter of coaxial line. A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A.1. Thus.1. vi = V0 cos ^4 # 10 4 pt h and length of transmission line.33 # 10-5 l # 0. l = 20 cm = 20 # 10-2 m So.6 # 107 # = 0. g GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e he lp. SOL 8.1 Shop Online at www.

4 # 10 1.5 # 10 -10 = 3.co.1.8 # 10-2 m Separation between the plates. 2b = 4 cm &b = 2 # 10-2 m Permittivity of the dielectric. ga te Option (D) is correct. Given.1. Strips width.4 SOL 8. Inner radius of the coaxial line. d = 0.9722 W/m SOL 8.1 mS/m co m .nodia.25 # 10-3 m Outer radius of the coaxial line. Given. s = 1. 2b = 3 cm & b = 1. Given.3 cm = 0.16 # 108 = 0. f = 4 GHz = 4 # 109 Hz So. m = 2m0 So. the parameter Rl is given as pfm p # 4 # 109 # 4p # 10-7 2 Rl = 2 = -2 w s 2.5 # 10-2 m Permeability of the filled dielectric. the conductance per unit length of the transmission line is given as 2p # (2 # 10-3) Gl = 2ps = -3 ln ^b/a h ln c 5 # 10 -3 m 1.16 # 108 S/m Permeability of strips.77 # 10 H/m = 277 nH/m SOL 8.4 # 10-2 m Conductivity of strips.1. s = 2 # 10-3 S/m So. m = 2m0 So.3 # 10-2 m Permittivity of dielectric. a = 1/8 cm = 1. the inductance per unit length is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. 2a = 1 cm &a = 0.7 Option (D) is correct.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 529 For View Only Shop Online at www.25 # 10 = 3. e = 9e0 So. w = 4. m = m0 Operating frequency. Inner diameter of coaxial line.5 # 10 -2 m 2p a 2p 0. the capacitance per unit length of the line is given as -12 # Cl = 2pe = 2p # 9 # 8.85 -2 10 ln ^b/a h ln c 2 # 10 -2 m 0.8 cm = 4. it’s inductance per unit length is given as -2 2 (4p # 10-7) m Ll = ln b b l = # ln c 1.61 # 10 F/m = 323 pF/m he lp. Width of strips. b = 1/2 cm = 5 # 10-3 m Conductivity of dielectric.5 SOL 8.6 Option (C) is correct. w = 2.5 # 10-2 m Outer diameter of coaxial line.1.in Outer diameter of coaxial line. Option (D) is correct.75 # 10 -7 = 2.

28 nF/m m s.84 # 10 F/m = 0.co. s. the characteristic impedance of distortionless line is Z 0 = Ll = Rl Cl Gl GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.0 So.6 # 10-2 m Separation between the strips. the characteristic impedance of lossless transmission line is Z 0 = Ll Cl and the propagation constant of lossless transmission line is g = a + jb = jw LlC l or a =0 Therefore.nodia. Rl = Gl = 0 So. Characteristic impedance of a transmission line is defined as Rl + jwLl Z0 = Gl + jwC l and the propagation constant of the transmission line is defined as g = a + jb = ^Rl + jwC lh^Gl + jwC lh where. Again for distortionless line. Rl = Gl Ll C l So.6 cm = 0.9 Option (C) is correct.0 co .3 # 10 w 4.6 # 10 -10 = 1.8 SOL 8.3 # 9.85 # 10-12h # 1.1.6 # 10-2 m Relative permittivity of dielectric. er = 1. a is attenuation constant b is phase constant Rl is resistance per unit length of the line Gl is conductance per unit length of the line Ll is inductance per unit length of the line Cl is capacitance per unit length of the line Now.8 # 10 = 2. i. d = 0. the attenuation constant of lossless line is always zero (real).530 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.6 cm = 9. the conductance per unit length of line is given as Gl = sw = 0 d and the capacitance per unit length of the line is given as -2 Cl = ew = e0 er w = ^8.57 # 105 H/m SOL 8. for lossless line. The width of strips.e.1.3 Conductivity of dielectric.6 # 10-2 d d 0. w = 9. Option (C) is correct.in -7 -2 md 0 Ll = = 2 # 4p # 10 # -2. g at e he lp. statement (A) is correct.

nodia.1. Inductance per unit length.13 Option (C) is correct. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .1 # 10-9 = 50 W co m ( w = 2p f ) SOL 8.23 # 10-4 he lp. Option (C) is correct. Given the Operating angular frequency of the transmission line.1. the velocity of wave propagation along the lossless transmission line is given as 1 1 vp = = -9 lC l L ^250 # 10 h^0. Ll = 250 nH/m = 250 # 10-9 H/m Capacitance per unit length Cl = 0. a = RlGl! 0 Therefore.1 nF/m = 0. Operating frequency. (A) and (B) is correct statement while (C) is not a correct statement.1. the propagation constant of the transmission line is given as g = ^Rl + jwLlh^Gl + jwC lh = 6200 + j ^6 # 108h^4 # 10-6h@6^8 # 10-6h + j ^6 # 108h^4 # 10-12h@ = 6200 + j ^24 # 102h@6^8 # 10-6h + j ^24 # 10-4h@ = ^2.1 # 10-9h = 4 # 108 m/s The characteristic impedance of the lossless transmission line is given as 250 # 10-9 (for lossless line. SOL 8.12 Option (B) is correct. ga te Option (A) is correct.1.7h per meter SOL 8.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 531 For View Only Shop Online at www.11 ww w.co.10 + j1. Given the operating angular frequency of the transmission line is w = 6 # 108 rad/s and the parameters of transmission line are Rl = 0. the ratio of the two components for the transmission line is 2p # 109 # 6e0 Ez = we = s Ey 6.1 # 10-9 F/m So.e = 6e0 Axial component of electric field = Ez Transverse component of electric field = Ey So.in and the propagation constant of the distortionless line is g = a + jb = RlGl + jw LlC l or. the attenuation constant of distortion less line is not zero but it is real. Thus.4 # 107 S/m Permittivity.s = 6.2 kW/m = 200 W/m Ll = 4 mH/m = 4 # 10-6 H/m Gl = 8 mS/m = 8 # 10-6 S/m Cl = 4 pF/m = 4 # 10-12 F/m So.4 # 107 = 9.10 SOL 8. Rl = Gl = 0 ) Z 0 = Ll = Cl 0. f = 1 GHz = 109 Hz Conductivity.

14 Option (B) is correct. Since the amplitude of a voltage wave after travelling a certain distance down a transmission line is reduced by 87% so.al = 0. So.1 # 10-6h Rl + jwLl = Z0 = Gl + jwC l 40 # 10-6 + j ^1. the shift in phase angle for the travelled distance is given as f = bl b 360c l = ^2. Given the propagation constant of the voltage wave g = a + jb = 0.532 Transmission Lines 9 Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. co SOL 8.co.4 So.13 e l = 1 ln b 1 l = 4.1. we get V1 = V0 e. g at e he lp.al where V0 is the amplitude of the source voltage wave Now.4 Since. we get the attenuation constant of the wave a = 0.5 and phase constant of the wave along the transmission line is b = 2. after travelling 20 m distance along the transmission line the voltage wave remains 13% of it’s source amplitude.13 a = 0.08hb 360c l = 561c 2p 2p GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.10 NP/m m w = 1.08 m a 0.a^20h = 0.al where V0 is the amplitude of the source voltage wave.4 mH/m = 0. for the given transmission line we have V1 = V0 e. in the given problem.al = b1 .in SOL 8. the characteristic impedance of the line is given as 10 + j ^1.2 # 109h^10 # 10-12h = 75 .87 l V0 100 .j5 W .4h^4.5 + j2. The amplitude of voltage wave after travelling a distance l along a transmission line is given as V1 = V0 e. the amplitude of voltage wave after travelling a distance l along a transmission line is given as V1 = V0 e.al = 13% of V0 (l = 20 m ) e.2 # 109h^0.15 Option (B) is correct.1.nodia.1 # 10-6 H/m Cl = 10 pF/m = 10 # 10-12 F/m Gl = 40 mS/m = 40 # 10-6 S/m So.2 # 10 rad/s and the parameters of transmission line are Rl = 10 W/m Ll = 0.13 Therefore.

1.25 # 108 lp.18 SOL 8. Given the parameters of distortionless transmission line are Rl = 4 W/m and Gl = 4 # 10-4 S/m So.5 # 80 9 w 2p # 5 # 10 = 4. ga te Option (C) is correct. the attenuation constant of the distortion less transmission line is given as a = RlGl = 4 # 4 # 10-4 = 4 # 10-2 NP/m and the characteristic impedance of the distortionless transmission line is given as 4 distortionless line = 50 W Z 0 = Rl = Gl 16 # 10-4 he Option (A) is correct.88 nH/m Option (A) is correct. co m For View Only Shop Online at www. Z 0 = 80 W Phase constant.nodia.19 Option (D) is correct.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 533 SOL 8. f = 5 GHz = 5 # 109 Hz Characteristic impedance.20 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .1. v p = 0. Load impedance. the characteristic impedance of the transmission line will be given as m = Z0 Z 0l = 2d e 2W Therefore. Z 0 = 0. the resistance per unit length of the transmission line is given as Rl = aZ 0 = ^10-2h^100h = 1 W/m and the inductance per unit length of the lossless transmission line is given as 100 Ll = Z 0 = = 4 mH/m vp 0.in SOL 8.17 SOL 8. b = 1.5 # 108 m/s Since the transmission line is distortion less so. Operating frequency. Characteristic impedance.1. The width of strips = w Separation between strips = d So. ( w = 2pf ) SOL 8. Attenuation constant.co.1.1. the characteristic impedance of lossless transmission line is given as m Z0 = d w e When d and W is doubled.5 rad/m So. the inductance per unit length of the transmission line is given as bZ 0 Ll = = 1.1 kW = 100 W Phase velocity. the characteristic impedance will remain same. a = 10 mNP/m = 10-2 NP/m Characteristic impedance. ZL = 300 W Z 0 = 150 W ww w.16 Option (C) is correct.

Vmax = 6 volt The minimum magnitude of voltage wave.23 b = ^0. SOL 8. Z 0 = 50 W Voltage standing wave ratio.5 + 1 SOL 8. Characteristic impedance. the reflection coefficient at the load terminal is given as GL = ZL . a = 0.1 = 2.6 # 10-3 l 9 or.1 0 + 150 SOL 8. it is given that the internal resistance of the generator is zero (i.534 Transmission Lines Chap 8 w.5 2. e = 9e0 & er = 9 Now.57 1. g For View Only Shop Online at www.43 S + 1 2.. the reflection coefficient of the transmission line is evaluated as G = S .150 =.150 = 1 300 + 150 3 ZL + Z 0 and the reflection coefficient at generator end is given as Z .nodia.21 Option (D) is correct.4 Vmin Therefore.8c = 0.6 # 10-3h e25 at e SOL 8.co. Zg = 0 ) so.65 1 .G Option (C) is correct.5 .1 = 0. S =3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww he 9 /60 lp.1 mm m .57e Therefore.Z 0 = ZL + Z 0 ^15 .j25h . we get b 25 = 60 ln b 0. we get Gg = 0 . Since.0021 m = 3.22 Option (B) is correct.e.4 volt So.j25h W Characteristic impedance Z 0 = 25 W So.1.j25h + 25 -j79. the standing wave ratio of the transmission line is determined as 1+ G S = = 1 + 0. Z 0 = 25 W Inner radius of the coaxial line. So. Characteristic impedance. ZL = ^15 .57 = 3.1.Z 0 = 300 . the reflection coefficient of the transmission line is given as ^15 . Load impedance. the standing wave ratio on the transmission line is given as S = Vmax = 6 = 2.1.24 Option (B) is correct. The maximum magnitude of voltage wave.in So.25 G = ZL .6 # 10-3 Permittivity of insulated material. co = 0.Z0 Gg = g Zg + Z 0 where Zg is internal impedance of the generator.1. the characteristic impedance of a lossless coaxial line is given as Z 0 = 60 ln b b l a er where b is the outer radius of the coaxial line.0. Vmin = 2.6 mm = 0.

ga te he SOL 8.25 Option (A) is correct. the magnitude of the reflection coefficient is given as G = S .0. For View Only Shop Online at www.5E = 75 W 1 + 0. reflection coefficient of the transmission line is G = G e jq = 0. (Short circuit) Load impedance. the input impedance of lossless transmission line is defined as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.5E = 450 W 1 . l = 10 cm = 10 # 10-2 = 0.5 For G = 0.j200h tan ^p/3h = ^35 .1 .1 + G E = 150 .j35.nodia. vg ^ t h = 3 cos ^p # 109 t h volt So.1 m Generator voltage.1.1 = 0.5 or .1. phase angle of the reflection coefficient of the line will be qG = 0 or p Now.j200 + j100 tan ^p/3h = 100 f p 100 + j ^200 . ZL = 0 Input impedance.1 + 0.j200h W Characteristic impedance.5 1-G and for G =. Z 0 = 100 W Length of transmission line. the load connected to the lossless transmission line is purely resistive so.1 = p 3 3 Therefore.5 S+1 3+1 So. Zin = 3 (Open circuit) and. wave length = l Now.0. the possible values of load impedance connected to the transmission line are ZL = 50 W or 450 W G co m .in Since.0.0.5 1-G Therefore.26 Option (A) is correct.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 535 SOL 8. the input impedance of the lossless transmission line is given as Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m 200 .1 + G E = 150 . Load impedance.co.5 the load impedance of the transmission line is given as ZL = Z 0 . we get the angular frequency w = p # 109 and the phase constant of the wave on the transmission line is 9 (in air v p = 3 # 108 m/s ) b = w = p # 108 = 10p vp 3 3 # 10 or bl = 10p # 0.1 = 3 .5e j0 or 0.4h W lp.5e jp = 0.5 the load impedance of the transmission line is given as ZL = Z 0 . ZL = ^200 .

f = 2 MHz = 2 # 106 Hz So. Given. input impedance is sc (equivalent to 32 nH inductance) Z in = jwL 6 = j ^4p # 10 h^32 # 10-9h = j0. 3 = jZ 0 tan bl Since.4 W When the line is open circuited.4h^. the input impedance for the whole combination is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.27 Option (A) is correct.1.e. Z 0 ! 3 so. we have tan bl = 3 or. we get Z 0 ^0 + jZ 0 tan bl h 3= ^Z 0 + j0 tan bl h or.nodia.9 W = j ^4p # 106h^20 # 10-12h Therefore. input impedance is oc (equivalent to 20 pF capacitance) Z in = 1 j wC 1 =. (for minimum length) bl = p/2 Therefore.28 Option (D) is correct.j3978. Given.1. g at e he lp. the characteristic impedance of the transmission line is given as oc sc Z 0 = Z in Z in = j ^0. the input impedance for line 1 is given as : 2 ^100h2 Zin1 = Z 01 = = 200 W 150 3 ZL From the shown arrangement of the transmission line it is clear that the effective load for line 2 will be equal to the input impedance of line 1.in Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m where.co. l is the length of the transmission line and b is the phase constant of the voltage wave along the transmission line. So. for a practical transmission line.9h = 20 W co Shop Online at www. SOL 8. ZLl = Zin1 = 200 W 3 Therefore.536 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only SOL 8.j3979. i. Operating frequency. the length of the transmission lines 1 and 2 l1 = l2 = l/4 So. the angular frequency of voltage wave is w = 2pf = 4p # 106 rad/ sec When the line is short circuited. the minimum required length of the transmission line is 2p l =p#1 =p# l bb = l l 2 2p 2 b = l/2 m .

1. the wavelength at frequency. the length of transmission line is (1) l = l= c 4 2000 Now. 2.3 fn = 4l where v p is phase velocity of the wave... we get ^c/1000h l (from eq.30 Option (C) is correct. ga te SOL 8. l will be constant but as it is defined in terms of wavelength which changes with the frequency so . at f = 500 Hz we have l = c 500 Therefore.e.in 2 ^200h2 Zin = Z 02 = = 300 W ZLl ^200h /3 SOL 8. The natural frequency of oscillation of a wave in a transmission line of length l which is open circuited at one end and short circuited at other end is given as ^2n + 1h v p . the length of the transmission line will be same as determined in equation (1). So the voltage standing wave pattern will be half sinusoids with zeros at short circuited end and maxima at the open circuited end. 3.1. the expression for length will vary in terms of wavelength l. f = 1 kHz = 1000 Hz is given as (2) l = c 1000 Since. The wavelength of a wave is defined in terms of frequency f as l =c f where.co.nodia. SOL 8. n = 1.29 Option (C) is correct. Since the transmission line has one short circuited and one open circuited end so at the short circuit end voltage must be zero while at open circuit end voltage must be maximum. . GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. (2)) l = c = = 2 2 2000 he lp.1. So. c is the velocity of wave in free space so. The dimension of the transmission line will remain same at all frequencies i..Chap 8 Transmission Lines 537 For View Only Shop Online at www.31 Option (C) is correct. co m .

ZL = 0 and line should be short circuited at its input terminal i.. the distance between first minima and load is l min = 7. we get l = p &l= p &l=l 2 b ^2p/lh SOL 8.. Given.e. the distance between first maxima and load will be l max = l min . 2p. Zin = 0 ..l = 7. The input impedance of a lossless transmission line is defined as Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m 0 + jZ 0 tan bl So.1.. l/2 = 10 cm l = 20 cm Now.e. co m .co. Given. length of transmission line cant be zero i. the distance between successive maxima and minima is 10 cm.32 Option (D) is correct.33 Option (D) is correct.5 cm l min > l 4 So.e. 0 = Z0 c ^ZL = 0. the transmission line is terminated in short circuit i. i. g at e For View Only Shop Online at www.. p. Since... Zin = 0h m Z0 + 0 j tan bl = 0 bl = 0 .l 4 = 7.5 # l .nodia...e.1.5 . l ! 0 so.in SOL 8..l = l 20 2 4 4 *********** he lp...538 Transmission Lines Chap 8 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.

2Ez a = jwmH a y y 2y x 2x y So.ay direction so.nodia.e. the electric field of the wave is directed along + az .in SOL 8. the TEM wave is z -polarized i. we can consider the two vectors as (1) E = Ez az and (2) H =.2. the direction of magnetic field intensity will be aH = ak # aE = ax # az =.2 Shop Online at www.co. Since.e.Hy 0 2H y 2H y a a = jweEz az 2z x 2x z It gives the result as 2H y =0 2z Again from Maxwell’s equation we have d # E =. ga te he lp.Hy ay Now. co m .jwmH a x ay a z 2 2 2 using equation (1) and (2) =+ jwmHy ay 2 2 2 x y z 0 0 Ez 2Ez a . aE = az and the direction of wave propagation is along ax i. Both (A) and (B) are correct. ak = a x So. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. i.ay As E is in + az direction and H is in .1 Option (C) is correct.e.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 539 For View Only SOLUTIONS 8. it gives the result as 2 z =0 E 2 y Thus. from the maxwell’s equation in phasor form we have (for perfect dielectric s = 0 ) d # H = jweE a x ay a z 2 2 2 using equation (1) and (2) x y z = jweE z a z 2 2 2 0 .

. 2.5h + 0.8c 0.co.57e-79. it is clear from the figure that the distance between two adjacent maxima and minima is l/4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.Z 0 = ZL + Z 0 ^0.8c # 4 # 10 # p 4p 4p 180c -2 =.540 Transmission Lines Chap 8 SOL 8. Therefore.j0.e. qG =.nodia.3 Now.79.2. the current maximum lies at the same point where the voltage minima lies and similarly.56 # 10-2 m = 2.0. The voltage maximum exists at the point where the incident and the reflected voltage wave both are in same phase and the distance of voltage maximum from the load is given as (1) l max = qG l + nl 2 4p where qG is phase angle of reflection coefficient. In a lossless transmission line.5 . g Option (B) is correct.44 # 10-2 + 2 # 10-2 = 1. 5 i. the reflection coefficient of a transmission line is given as ^0.3 ..5 G = ZL .0.2.j 0.3 .8c So. the point doesnt exist). l is the wavelength of the voltage wave and n = 0.j 0. (n = 1) l max = qG l + l 2 4p =. the 1st maximum voltage will exist for n = 1 and the distance of the 1st maximum from the load is i.0. Now. co m . from equation (1) for n = 0 we have -2 l max = qG l = .. 5 = = 0.56 cm he lp. 1.5h .2 Option (C) is correct. 2 . 8 .79.e.j0. .e.0. the current minima lies at the same point where the voltage maxima lies as shown in the figure below : at e For View Only Shop Online at www.in SOL 8.44 # 10 m which is negative (i.

Since. Load impedance.j0. Length of transmission line. l max = 4. the distance of 1 current maximum from the load is 0. the attenuation constant is zero GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.5 cm Standing wave ratio.2.j40h W Z 0 = 50 W ZL = ^30 + j15h W l = 7l/20 he lp.56 cm So. S =3 Characteristic impedance.1 = 2 = 0.co.1 = 3 .e.56 . the magnitude of reflection coefficient is given as G = S . i. The position of first voltage maximum.j0. l max .5E 1-G = ^30 . the distance between a maximum and an adjacent minimum is l/4 as discussed in previous question.5 . ga te So.l min = l 4 Since the maximum voltage wave lies at a distance l max = 1.e. l max . the reflection coefficient of the transmission line is G = G qG = 0.l min = 1. the transmission line is lossless so.4 Option (C) is correct.5 < 3p/2 = 0. Z 0 = 50 W Since.56 cm.4 = 0.5 Option (A) is correct.l min = l/4 4.5 = (For n = 0 ) +0 4p qG = 3p 2 Now.5 ZL = Z 0 :1 + G D = 50 .in SOL 8.1.5 = l/4 . co m SOL 8.l = 1.24 cm 4 4 st Thus. Given.5 Therefore. Characteristic impedance.5 cm Position of first current maximum(voltage minima). 1 + j0.5e j3p/2 =. the distance of 1st voltage minimum (the distance of 1st current maxima) from the load will be l min = l max .Chap 8 Transmission Lines 541 For View Only i.5 S+1 3+1 4 So.2. the load impedance of the transmission line is given as 1 . Shop Online at www. l = 12 cm Again the distance of first voltage maximum from the load is given as l max = qG l + nl 2 4p qG ^12h 4.nodia.

2.e.. Z 0 is always real for a distortionless line. g at e he max max lp. Zin is real if Z 0 is real and since.j19.co.4 . Therefore. we consider the reason part.G e jq e-j^q + 2nph 1 . l =6m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . G G Option (B) is correct. the input impedance of the lossless transmission line is given as Z + Z 0 tanh gl Z + jZ 0 tan bl ( g = jb ) = Z0 < L Zin = Z 0 c L F Z 0 + ZL tanh gl m Z 0 + jZL tan bl J 2p 7l N K(30 + j15) + j50 tan b l 20 l O 2p O = 50 K bb = l l 2p 7l O K 50 + j ^30 + j15h tan b K l 20 l O L P J 7p N K(30 + j15) + j50 tan b 10 l O O = 50 K K 50 + j ^30 + j15h tan b 7p l O K 10 O L P = ^18. we get ww w.e. In the assertion (A) given.542 Transmission Lines Chap 8 SOL 8. So. 1.. A and R both are true but R is not the explanation of A.2.2.7 Option (A) is correct.6 ( b = 2p/l ) bl = b 2p lb l l = p 2 l 4 The input impedance of the lossless transmission line is given as Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m jZ 0 tan p 2 p = j3 f = Z0 Z0 Now.nodia. Distance of the maxima from load is given as l max = ^qG + 2nph /2b where.2h W m G G G SOL 8. i. g = a + jb = jb Therefore.. Length of the transmission line. Length of transmission line.Ge-j2bl m 1+ G = Z0 f p 1. Zin will be purely real at the position of voltage maxima in a distortionless line. Thus.G So.in i. the input impedance at the point of maxima is given as 1 + G e jq e-j^q + 2nph 1 + Ge-j2bl = Z0 f Zin = Z 0 c p (G = G e jq ) 1 . ZL = 0 co For View Only Shop Online at www. . qG is the phase angle of reflection coefficient b is the phase constant of the voltage wave and n = 0. a =0 or. l = l/4 Load impedance.

we get the angular frequency.4p rad 5 Therefore.48 = 10e-j30 c 30 + 23.j10 tan 2. ga te Option (C) is correct. bl = 2p # 6 = 2. Given the generator voltage to the transmission line.4p p Z 0 + jZL tan bl ^ h ^ h = ^12. Vin = Vg # c Zin m Zin + Zg or.4ph Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L m = 30 f 30 + j 30 . for determining the input voltage.j10h W So.co. ZL = ^30 .2.25 Load impedance.25 = 8p # 10 # 1. the input impedance of the lossless transmission line is given as 30 .14 + j5.48h W So. we get the input voltage to the transmission line as . Z 0 = 30 W Relative permittivity.44ch GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.14 + j5.in Characteristic impedance.30ch So.48 m = ^15e-j35h^0.14 + j5. (in phasor form) Vs. Vg (t) = 10 cos ^8p # 107 t . er = 2.nodia.48h W co m . in = Vsg c Zin m Zin + Zg 23. the input impedance of transmission line is Zin = ^23.5 3 # 108 3 # 10 = 2p 5 or.14 + j5.44e9. w = 8p # 107 and the phase constant of the volatge wave along the transmission line is 7 1 c b = w = 8p # 10 cv p = me = e m vp c/ er r 7 7 = 8p # 10 # 8 2.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 543 SOL 8.8 Using voltage division. we draw the equivalent circuit for the transmission line as shown in figure below : he lp. in phasor form the generator voltage is Vsg = 10e-j30c and as determined in previous question.j10 + j30 tan ^2. For View Only Shop Online at www.

6ph = 100 f p 100 + j ^35.56c Shop Online at www.6ph = ^215. l = 0.62 + j100 tan ^0.4h W Option (B) is correct.4 . Given the length of the feed line.20 .6l l Therefore.20 . ZL1 = ZL2 = 150 W Length of the transmission lines 1 and 2. Load impedances to the line 1 and 2.4 cos ^8p # 107 t . ZLl = Zin1 || Zin2 ^70.20 .j8. Given. in e jwt@ V = 4.544 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only -j22. Since.3lh = 0.20 . i. SOL 8. bl = b 2p l^0.2. co m . the effective load impedance of the feedline will be equal to the equivalent input impedance of the parallel combination of the line 1 and 2.j8.24h W Therefore.nodia. input impedance of the feedline (lossless transmission line) is given as Z l+ jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZLltan bl m 35.2.3l and as calculated in above question.j8.62h tan ^0.e. g Option (C) is correct.j113.10 Option (B) is correct.11 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.j17. the transmission line are identical so.9 SOL 8. the input impedances of the transmission lines 1 and 2 will be equal and given as Z + jZ 0 tan bl1 (lossless transmission line) Zin1 = Zin2 = Z 0 c L1 Z 0 + jZL tan bl1 m J 2p l N K150 + j100 tan b l 5 l O O ( b = 2p/l ) = 100 K K100 + j150 tan b 2p l l O K O l 5 L P J 2p N K150 + j100 tan b 5 l O = 100 K 2p O K100 + j150 tan b 5 l O P L = ^70.24h = Zin1 = Zin1 = Zin2 2 2 = ^35.j17.4e Thus.in = 4.62h W at e he lp. l1 = l2 = l/5 Now. we consider the input impedance of line 1 and line 2 be Zin1 and Zin2 respectively. the effective load impedance of the feedline is ZLl = ^35.j8.56ch volt SOL 8.co.14 . the instantaneous input voltage of the transmission line is vin ^ t h = Re 6 s.62h W So.2.22.4 .

co. l = 0.j100 + j100 tan b l 0. Vsg = 150 volt Internal resistance of generator Zg = 100 W Length of the transmission line. the input impedance of the lossless transmission line is given as Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m J N 2p K 100 .375l l O K O l L + j100h W P = ^200 Now. we draw the equivalent circuit for the transmission line as shown in the figure below : m .1e j8. So. on the transmission line voltage is given as Vs ^z h = V 0+ ^e-jbz + Ge jbz h + where V 0 is the voltage due to incident wave. ZL = ^100 .3 GHz = 0. for determining the load current.j100h tan b 2p 0. for z =.l (1) Vs. the voltage across the input terminal of the transmission line is given as Vs.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 545 Now.375l So.in Operating frequency f = 0.nodia. in = V 0+ ^e jbl + Ge-jbl h he lp. ga te Therefore.13c 100 + 200 + j100 m Since.3 # 109 Hz Load impedance. G is the reflection coefficient of the transmission line at load terminal and z is the distance of the point from load as shown in figure.j100h W Characteristic impedance Z 0 = 100 W Generator voltage in phasor form.375l l O O = 100 K K100 + j ^100 . the reflection coefficient of the transmission line at load terminal is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. at any point. in = Vsg c Zin m Zg + Zin 200 + j100 = 150 c = 106. co For View Only Shop Online at www.

0.13c = V 0+ _e jb l l^0.1e j63.100 G = ZL .108.4ch 2p 2p SOL 8.j100 + 100 ZL + Z 0 Putting the value of G and Vs.in 100 . Vsg = 150 V Internal impedance of generator. co m .13c V 0+ = j135c 106. the instantaneous current at the load terminal will be iL ^ t h = Re "IsL e jwt .546 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. we get the input voltage as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (C) is correct.67e-j108. Generator voltage in phasor form.45e-j6343ce-jb l l^0.12 Using voltage division. g at e he lp.67 cos ^2p # 0. in in equation (1).108.Z 0 = = 0.2.3 # 109 t . = 0.45e-j63. l = 0. the input impedance of the lossless transmission line is given as Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m N J 2p K 150 + j100 tan b l 15l l O O = 100 K K100 + j150 tan b 2p 0.4ch = 0.j32.75 cos ^3p # 108 t .45e e e = 75e-j135c The current at any point on the transmission line is given as + Is ^z h = V 0 ^e-jbz . for determining the power delivered.4c Therefore.15l l O O K l P L 150 + j100 tan 54c = ^80.Ge jbz h Z0 So.5 .15l Characteristic impedance Z 0 = 100 W So. the current flowing in the load (at z = 0 ) is + -j135c 1 .G h = 75e 100 ^ Z0 = 0.co. we get 106.7h W = 100 c 100 + j50 tan 54c m Now.375lhi j8.1e j8.nodia. Zg = 100 W Load impedance ZL = 150 W Length of transmission line.j100 .45e-j63.43ch IsL = V 0 ^1 . we draw the equivalent circuit for the transmission line as shown in figure below : w.375lh + 0.43c 100 .43c -j135c + 0.

7 Vs.5 . in 2 2 = 27 Watt ww w.co.81e-j10. in = 2.j32.j32.46ch^0.5 .in 82. the input voltage of line 3 is Vs. the transmission line is lossless so.16c 82.81e j10. in = Vg c Zin m = 150 c = 71.86h = 306.28h # ^2.2. the current at the input current is -j11.13 Option (C) is correct. in @ V ) = 1 # ^214.nodia. the input impedance of line 2 is given as Zin2 = ZL2 = 150 W The effective load for line 3 will be equal to the equivalent impedance of the parallel combination of input impedances of line 1 and line 2. ZLl = Zin1 || Zin2 = 150 = 75 W 2 So.e.8e-j11.11 Watt 2 Since. the average power delivered to the lossless transmission line 3 is given as Pin = Re 6 s. i.8e-j11. the input impedance for line 3 is given as (length of line 3.16ch@ V .28 volt and so the current at the input terminal of line 3 is V Is.5 .j32. the power delivered to each load will be same and given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .86 A Zin Thus.7 + 100 m Zin + Zg So.8e = 0. in = s. in I s) @ = 1 Re 6^71. Since. the lengths of line 1 and line 2 are l1 = l2 = l/2 So. co m SOL 8. the input impedance of the line 1 is given as Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin1 = Z 0 c L1 Z 0 + jZL1 tan bl m J 2p l N KZL1 + jZ 0 tan b l 2 l O O ( b = 2p/l ) = Z0 K KZ 0 + jZL1 tan b 2p l l O K O l 2 L P = Z 0 b ZL1 + 0 l = ZL1 Z0 + 0 = 50 W Similarly. ga te he lp. the average input power delivered to the transmission line is given as Pin = 1 Re 6 s. in = 71.7 Zin Therefore. l = l/2 ) Zin = ZLl = 75 W Therefore. in = s. in = Vsg c Zin m = 500 b 75 l 75 + 100 Zin + Zg = 214. in Is.46c V Is.46c 82.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 547 For View Only Shop Online at www.

15 Option (C) is correct.in SOL 8. l = 3.co. Zin = Z 0 Since. As discussed in previous question the input impedance of infinitely long lossy transmission line is equal to it’s characteristic impedance. real part of g ! 0 or. the input voltage of line 2 is determined by using voltage division rule as Vs.2.gl = 0 Since. the input impedance of a transmission line is defined as Z + Z 0 tanh gl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + ZL tanh gl m Z + Z 0 tanh gl So.gl e. the voltage at any point on line 2 is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.e. the input impedance of line 2 will be equal to its load i.1 Watt 2 2 Option (D) is correct. he lp.gl = 1 e gl + e.2. g at e e gl . co P1 = P2 = Pin = 1 # 306.e. and input impedance of the transmission line is equal to its characteristic impedance i.e.14 Shop Online at www.100 = 1 3 ZL2 + Z 02 200 + 100 Now. in = Vs.nodia.Z 02 = 200 . Given. (l = l/2 ) Zin2 = ZL2 = 200 W Therefore.e. g c Zin2 m Zin2 + Zg = 4 b 200 l = 8 volt 200 + 100 3 Again.11 = 153. the input impedance to line 1 will be Zin1 = Z 01 = 200 W From the shown arrangement of the transmission line it is clear that the effective load impedance for line 2 will be equal to the input impedance of line 1. l = 3.e. i. ( g = a + jb ) a!0 As the attenuation constant of the voltage wave along the transmission line is not equal to zero therefore. Z0 = Z0 c L Z 0 + ZL tanh gl m Solving the equation. we get tanh gl = 1 m . So for satisfying the above condition propagation constant g must have a real part. transmission line is of infinite length i. the reflection coefficient at the load terminal of line 2 is given as G = ZL2 . it is a lossy transmission line. So.e.548 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only SOL 8. i. ZL2 = Zin1 = 200 W Since the length of the line 2 is l/2 so.

2 li 2p l 2p l SOL 8. So.8 mWatt lp. Consider the length of the transmission line is l as shown in figure below The generator voltage is applied to the transmission line at time t = 0 for which the voltage at the sending end is (at t = 0 ) v ^0 h = 10 volt After time Dt = 4 ms the voltage v ^ t h at the sending end changes to 6 V.2 l + Ge-j l b.2. This change in the voltage will be caused only if the reflected voltage wave from the load comes to the sending end. the incident average power to the line 2 is given as V 0+ 2 4 i = = 20 mWatt P av = 2 # 100 2Z 02 So.co. ga te he 8 = V + e-jp + Ge jp (Vs ^z h = Vs.P av = 20 . Since.2 volt Therefore.3 l =. in at z =.2 mWatt 3 Thus.2 = 17. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. we get the transmitted power to the line 1 as t i r P av = P av . for z =.nodia. the time duration for the change in voltage at sending end can be given as Tt =(time taken by incident wave to reach the load) + (time taken by reflected wave to reach sending end from the load) l + l = 2l (1) or.Chap 8 Transmission Lines + 0 jbz -jbz 549 For View Only Shop Online at www.in (lossless line) Vs ^z h = V ^e + Ge h + where V 0 is voltage of incident wave b is phase constant of the voltage wave and z is distance from load. So.16 Option (B) is correct. the reflected average power at the input terminal of line 1 (load terminal of line 2) is 2 r i P av = G 2 P av = b 1 l # 20 = 2.l/2 Vs ^z h = V 0+ _e j l b. co m .l/2 ) h 0 ^ 3 1 1 V 0+ = 8 # bG = 3 l 3 1 b.1 .2. Tt = vp vp vp where l is the length of the transmission line (distance between load and sending terminal) and v p is phase velocity of the wave along the transmission line.

V0+ is amplitude of the incident voltage wave and G is the reflection coefficient at the load terminal.18 Option (B) is correct. Let the load impedance connected to the transmission line is ZL so the equivalent circuit for the transmission line will be as shown in figure below : .0.100 (Z 0 = 100 W ) b ZL + 100 l =.4 b ZL + Z 0 l ZL .0. the change in voltage at sending will be caused only due to the reflection coefficient at load terminal given as Dv (t) = GV0+ where. we get (V0+ = 10 V ) . Since.in the line is air spaced so.4 So. g at e he lp. length of the transmission line is 8 -6 l = 3 # 10 # 4 # 10 = 240 m 2 Since.Z 0 =.4 =.10 =.40 ZL = 29.4ZL . The changed voltage at the sending is given as (1) v ^t1h = V 0+ + GL V 0+ + Gg GL V 0+ GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww ZL .2.100 =.0.4 = 10G G =. the change in voltage at t = 4 ms is Dv (t) = 6 .550 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. Rg = Z 0 = 100 W So.4 10 ZL .co.4 SOL 8.0.2. the internal resistance of the generator is equal to the characteristic impedance of the line i.86 W w.e. the reflection coefficient due to source resistance will be zero and therefore. co m SOL 8. Observing the waveform we conclude that at the sending end voltage changes at t = t1 .17 Option (C) is correct. v p = c = 3 # 108 m/s Putting it in equation (1) we get 2l ( Dt = 4 ms ) 4 ms = 3 # 108 Thus.nodia.

Z 0 =.4 volt 100 he lp. Gg =. ZL = 50 W So.co. the input impedance is independent of ZL and equals to Z 0 (i.1 3 ZL + Z 0 50 + 100 and the reflection coefficient at the source terminal is R . GL and Gg are the reflection coefficients at the load terminal and the source terminal respectively.100 1 Gg = g = = Rg + Z 0 200 + 100 3 Again as discussed in previous question at time.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 551 SOL 8. t = 0 as the voltage is just applied to the transmission line. Rg = 200 W Characteristic impedance. using voltage division the voltage at the sending end is given as V 0+ = Vg c Z 0 m Rg + Z 0 24 = Vg b 100 l (V 0+ = 24 volt ) 60 + 100 Vg = 24 # 160 = 38. we get 6 =.V 1+ . Vg = 30 volt Load impedance.in + where V 0 is voltage at sending end at t = 0 .Gg ^24h or. the reflection coefficient at the load terminal is GL = ZL . co m .nodia.Z 0 200 . Zin = Z 0 at t = 0 ).2. using voltage division the input voltage at the sending end is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. ga te For View Only Shop Online at www.e. we get (ZL = 0 ) GL = ZL .Gg V 1+ (2) v ^t1h =.Gg V 1+ From the shown wave form of the voltage at sending end. we have v ^t1h = 6 volt V 0+ = 24 volt Putting these values in equation (2). So.l = 1. Therefore.4 Rg . Therefore.e. Zin = Z 0 at t = 0 ).Z 0 =. we get v ^t1h = V 1+ . Length of the transmission line.100 =. the input impedance is independent of ZL and equals to Z 0 (i.5 m Internal resistance of generator.4 Rg + Z 0 Rg = 60 W ^Z 0 = 100 Wh At t = 0 as the voltage just applied to transmission line.1 ZL + Z 0 R .Z0 and (Zg = Rg ) Gg = g Rg + Z 0 Putting these values in equation (1). Z 0 = 100 W Generator voltage.19 Option (D) is correct.Z 0 = 50 .

33 volt 3 For 10 ns # t # 15 ns the wave reflected by source resistance travelling from source to load will be added to that has the voltage V 2+ = Gg V 1. for the interval 0 # t < 5 ns . So.20 Option (C) is correct.in V 0+ = Vg c Z 0 m = 30 # b 100 = 10 volt 200 + 100 l Rg + Z 0 Now.11 = 0. we can determine the voltage v ^ t h at any GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.5 m ) in previous question.37 volt 3 This will be continuous and the bounce diagram obtained between source ^at z = 0h and load (at z = 1.1.3.11 volt 3 For 15 ns # t # 20 ns again the wave reflected by load travelling from load to source will be added that has the voltage V 2. co m .5 m ) will be as shown in figure below : at e he lp.2.= GL V 2+ = 1.co.33 =. we get T = 1. From the bounce diagram that obtained between source terminal ( z = 0 ) and load terminal ( z = 1.nodia.=.= GL V 1+ =. the time taken by the wave to travel from source terminal to the load terminal (or load terminal to source terminal) is given as T =l c where.5 8 = 5 ns 3 # 10 Therefore. g Shop Online at www.10 =.3.552 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only SOL 8. the incident wave will be travelling from source to load and will have the voltage V 1+ = 10 volt For the interval 5 ns # t < 10 ns an additional reflected wave will be travelling from load to source and will have the voltage V 1. l is length of transmission line and c is the velocity of the voltage wave along the transmission line.

=. the voltage at the sending end (z = 0 ) for the interval is for 0 # t < 10 ns v ^ t h = V 1+ = 10 volt again for the interval 10 ns # t < 20 ns .Chap 8 Transmission Lines 553 For View Only Shop Online at www.21 Option (A) is correct. co m . Since. the voltage at the sending end for the interval is for 10 ns # t < 20 ns v ^ t h = V 1+ + V 1. three voltage waves with V 1+ = 10 volt .1. ga te he lp.33 .6 volt Thus.3. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.co. the obtained voltage wave form is plotted in the figure below SOL 8.nodia.1.3.33 volt and V 2+ =. V 1.in instant by just summing all the voltage waves existing at any time t .2.11 volt exists at the sending end so. for interval 0 # t # 10 ns only a single voltage wave with V 1+ = 10 volt exists at sending end so.+ V 2+ = 10 .11 = 5.

Z 02 = ZL = 50 = 125 W 0.4 0.4 Since. SOL 8. at L1 zL1 = 2.nodia. We have the two possible values of normalised impedance (real values of zL ).co.5 Similarly. SWR circle meets the Gr axis (real part of reflection coefficient) at L1 and L2 respectively. we have zL1 = ZL = 2. co m .554 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. zL2 = ZL = 0.22 Option (B) is correct. the normalised impedance is defined as Load impedance zL = Characteristic impedance So.5 Z 01 or.5 2. Z 01 = ZL = 50 = 20 W 2.4 Therefore. the two possible values of the characteristic impedance of the lossless transmission line are 20 W and 125 W. We can determine the reflection coefficient of the transmission line using smith GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in As shown in the smith chart.2. So.4 Z 02 or. g at e he lp.5 at L2 zL2 = 0.

1 cm = 0.5 (3) Now. we get r = 1 and x = 0.in chart as explained below : (1) First we determine the normalized load impedance of the transmission line as 100 + j50 = 1 + j0. (4) We join the point P and the centre O to form the line OP (5) Extend the line OP to meet the r = 0 circle at Q . ga te G = G qG = 0. The magnitude of the reflection coefficient of the transmission line is given as G = OP = 2.5 circle on the smith charge and denote it by point P as shown in the smith chart. we determine the intersection point of r = 1 circle and x = 0.nodia.22e j76c he lp. It gives the position of normalized load impedance. co m .5 zL = ZL = 100 Z0 (2) Comparing the normalized impedance to its general form zL = r + jx where r is the normalized resistance (real component) and x is the normalized reactance (imaginary component).4 cm OQ (6) Angle of the reflection coefficient in degrees is read out from the scale at point Q as qG = 76. we get the reflection coefficient of the transmission line as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.22 9.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 555 For View Only Shop Online at www.co.0c (7) Thus.

2. (4) Taking the values of r and x -circle at point A we find out normalized input impedance as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (C) is correct. The reading corresponds to the point A on the SWR circle.Z 0 = = 0.24e j76c 100 + j50 + 100 ZL + Z 0 which is same as calculated from smith chart.35l from load we move a distance of 0.35l = 0. As shown in the smith chart in previous question normalized load impedance is located at point P . the line OP corresponds to the reading of 0.35l from the load we follow the steps as explained below : (1) First we draw a SWR circle (circle centered at origin with radius OP ) w. (3) Since.556 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.23 (2) For finding input impedance at a distance of 0. after moving a distance of 0. for determining the input impedance at a distance of 0.35l on WTG scale we reach at 0.co. at e he lp. So.144l on WTG scale so.nodia.in SOL 8.100 G = ZL . co m .35l on WTG scale (wave length toward generator) along the SWR circle.144l + 0.24 76c = 0. g Alternate Method : Reflection coefficient of the transmission line is defined as 100 + j50 .494l on WTG scale.

Option (C) is correct.2h W Alternate Method : We can conclude the input impedance at l = 0.24 (5) Now.2.as shown in the figure. co m Zin = zin Z 0 = 100 ^0. For determining the shortest length of the transmission line for which the input impedance appears to be purely resistive.in zin = r + jx = 0.144l = 0.35l from load is given as .e.25 Option (A) correct.0. we move along the SWR circle to reach the Gr -axis and denote the points as A and B . i. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. we have the reading of point B on WTG scale as 0. As calculated in previous question the distance between point B and point A on the WTG scale is 0.61 + j ^.2. the currents of positive and negative waves are respectively I + and I . the input impedance at a distance of 0.co. Therefore. l = 0.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 557 For View Only SOL 8. At any time t . the resistive load lies on the real axis of reflection coefficient ( Gr -axis). point B is nearer to the point P so.25l.61 . The voltage maximum occurs at the point where the SWR circle intersects the positive Gr axis on smith chart.022h = ^61 .j0.j2.144l on WTG circle. he (2) Since.2h W P = ^87 as calculated above using with chart. the 1st voltage maximum occurs at a distance of 0. ga te (4) Since.0. SOL 8. lp. it will give the shortest length of the transmission line for which the input impedance appears to be purely resistive.nodia.106l.and the voltages of positive and negative waves are respectively V + and V .61 .106l from load.35l l O L j2.25l ..2. the shortest length for the input impedance to be purely resistive is given as the difference between the readings at point B and P .106l SOL 8. we follow the steps as explained below : (1) First we determine the WTG reading of the point denoting the normalized load impedance on the smith chart. the point B gives the position of first voltage maxima. we have the reading of point P as 0. The SWR circle of the load impedance intersects the positive Gr axis at point B as shown in the Smith chart. So. So.022 (5) Therefore.35l l O O = 100 K 2p K O K100 + j ^100 + j50h tan b l 0.35l directly by using formula Z + jZ 0 tan bl lossless transmission line Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m J N 2p K 100 + j50 + j100 tan b l 0. So. Shop Online at www.26 Option (B) is correct.j0.022h = 0. From the above question.

Z0 E at t = 0 1 V=0 :Z .= 2 d ^I + + I -h dt 1 + V .= ^2e-25t . Z 0 = 50h 50 dt 1 + V . ^I + + I -hat t = 0 = 0 at e he lp. the voltage of the reflected wave is V .1 dV 25 dt . So. co m SOL 8.co. from the property of an inductor at t = 0+ the current through inductor will be also zero. i. Z0 . the voltage and current across an inductor are related as v = L di dt V + + V .e.in V+ V=0 .Z0 D 0 0 at t = 0 So at t = 0+ .= 2 d :1 .=. magnitude of the voltage is given as Vs max = V 0+ 61 + G @ GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww + ^V + = 1 Volth . we get ^1 + 1h = A A =2 Thus. at the voltage maxima. V 0 = 1 volt Putting it in equation (1).nodia.=-V Z0 Now.V D ^V + = 1.25dt = dV 1+V Taking integration both sides we get where C1 is a constant ln ^1 + V -h =. The voltage of positive wave in transmission line is V 0+ .1h Volt + w.27 Option (D) is correct.25t + C1 -25t (1) ^1 + V h = Ae + + Since.558 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. g + + I+ =V = 1 ^V + = 1 Volth Z0 Z0 and I . the voltage ^V h wave is incident at t = 0 so. at t = 0 the current through inductor is zero and therefore.2.

nodia.1hp 2 1 + G ^d h 1 .2. the line impedance at the point of voltage maxima will be Vs max = Z0 b 1 + G l Z max = 1-G Is min = Z0 S bS = 1 + G l 1-G Now. the condition for matching dielectric (the intrinsic impedance of medium 2 that eliminates the reflected wave in medium 1) is h2 = h 1 h3 Since.G ^d h 1 .1h 4 D p4 0 * 0f 1 . at the voltage minimum the voltage magnitude is Vs min = V 0+ 61 .G ^d h 1 .1h 4 > H =Z 1 .G ^d h >1 .1hl H 4 l 2 0 SOL 8.G l = Z0 Z min = bS = 1 . for a wave travelling through the three mediums of intrinsic impedances h1 .Chap 8 Transmission Lines 559 ww w. we note that for a particular line of characteristic impedance Z 0 .28 Option (A) is correct To determine the required quantity.G ^d h = Z0 > 1 .1hp 2 1 + G ^d h 1 + G ^d h e = Z0 > H H> 1 .2.G ^d hH>1 + G ^d hH 2 = Z0 As the intrinsic impedance of medium 1 is h1 and that of medium 3 is h 3 so.G ^d h e-j^2n . the product of the line impedances at two positions (two values of d ) separated by an odd multiple of l/4 is given by 1 + G bd + ^2n . h 2 and h 3 .in and at the point of voltage maxima the current will be minimum and given as V 0+ Is min = 1 .29 Option (C) is correct. ga te -j^2n .G ^d h e-j2b^2n .G ^d + ^2n . V 0+ 1 + G@ Is max = Z0 6 and the line impedance at the point will be Vs min 1+G = Z0 b 1 .G @ and at the point of voltage minimum current will be maximum and given as. for the dielectrics ^s = 0h the above equation can be rewritten as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he For View Only Shop Online at www.G l 1+G S Is max SOL 8. co m . As determined in previous question.1h l l 4 4 l 1 = Z 1 + G ^d h *Z "Z 6d @. for required match. all the media have m = m0 so.co. thickness t is l/4 and the intrinsic impedance ( h2 ) of the medium 2 is given as h 1 h 3 = h 2 or h 2 = h1 h 3 2 1 + G ^d h 1 + G ^d h e-j2b^2n .1h l/4h lp.G@ Z0 6 So.'Z :d + ^2n .

the load impedance of the transmission line is given as J jN 1 + G = 100 K1 + 2 O = 60 + j80 W ZL = Z 0 b h K jO ^ 1-G l K1 . SOL 8.5 cm 4f 4 ^1. e = 4e0 Option (B) is correct. for 1st voltage maxima we have n = 0 and so. 2.31 SOL 8..30 SOL 8..560 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.2. at frequency f = 1. g at e he lp.in m0 m0 m0 m = b bh = e2 e0 lb 16e0 l el where e2 is the permittivity of the medium 2. t = p = 1.2. S =3 Position of voltage maxima (l max ) in terms of reflection coefficient G qG is where n = 0 .O 2P L Option (A) is correct... Z 0 = 100 W Standing wave ratio.2.5 # 10 9 = 0.co.125l Characteristics impedance..5 # 108 2 me m0 4e0 So. Distance between load and first voltage maxima.25 m = 2..5 # 10 h Option (B) is correct. l max = qG l + nl 2 4p So. The wavelength in terms of frequency is v l = p f where v p is the phase velocity of the wave in the propagation medium which is given as 8 1 vp = 1 = = 3 # 10 = 1. l max = 0. The thickness ‘t ’ of the dielectric coating for the perfect matching (the condition for eliminating reflection) is given as (quarter wave) t =l 4 where l is the wavelength of plane wave.32 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w..5 GHz the thickness of the dielectric coating is given as 8 v So. 1. the reflection coefficient of the transmission line is j G = G qG = 1 e jp/2 = 2 2 Therefore.125l = G 2 4p The magnitude of reflection coefficient is defined in terms of SWR as G = S-1 = 3-1 = 1 S+1 3+1 2 So. we get the position of first voltage maxima as l max = qG l 4p qG l & q = p 0.nodia. co m .

the transmission line is terminated by its characteristic impedance i.... ZL = Z 0 So.= GL V 2+ = Gg GL2 V 1+ So. ga te he For View Only Shop Online at www. 2 = V 1+ 61 + GL + Gg GL + Gg GL + .@ 2 2 = V 1+ 7^1 + Gg GL + Gg GL + . V =0 and for t $ 25 ns V = V 1+ = 10 Volt Therefore the plot of voltage against time at a distance 5 m from the source is as shown in graph below..in Given. the height of the voltage pulse will be given as Z V (Zg " internal resistance of generator) V 1+ = 0 g Z 0 + Zg = 100 # 15 = 10 Volt 100 + 50 As the wave travels in the + Z direction along transmission line at velocity 1 1 vp = = -6 LlC l ^0. the first reflected pulse voltage is V 1.h + GL ^1 + Gg GL + .. lp.+ ..+ V 2+ + V 2.. the voltage pulse will reach at l = 5 m at time..Gg GL GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.= GL V 1+ nd The 2 forward pulse voltage is given as V 2+ = Gg V 1. summing up all the pulses at load end for steady state (t " 3) we get the load voltage as VL = V 1+ + V 1.Gg GL m + c 1 .. As the first forward voltage pulse is V 1+ so. co m .= Gg GL V 1+ The 2 nd reflected pulse voltage is given as V 2. at l = 5 m for 0 < t < 25 ns .hA GL 1 = V 1+ <c 1 . there will be no reflected wave and therefore.nodia.33 Option (A) is correct.Gg GL mF = V 1+ c 1 + GL m 1 ..co... 5 t0 = = 25 ns 2 # 108 So.25 # 10 h # ^100 # 10-12h 8 = 2 # 10 m/s So.e.2.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 561 SOL 8.

2.in Option (A) is correct.1 1 O 1 .Z 0 = 45 . Z 0 = 60 W Load impedance. at steady state ^t = 3h voltage across load is given as J 1 N 1 + GL = 50 K 1 . the reflection coefficient at source terminal is Z .34 Shop Online at www. Vg = 50 Volt Internal impedance.2 O + VL = V 1 c 3 K1 . first forward voltage pulse is V 1+ = c Z 0 m Vg = b 15 l 50 = 50 15 + 30 3 Z 0 + Zg Now. the current through load at steady state is given as IL = VL = 30 = 2 A ZL 45 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Vg = 100 V Internal resistance. the first forward voltage pulse will be V 1+ = c Z 0 m Vg = b 60 l 100 = 100 Volt 60 + 120 3 Z 0 + Zg The reflection coefficient at load terminal is given as GL = ZL . co m .15 = 1 ZL + Z 0 45 + 15 2 So. the voltage across the load at steady state is given by the expression as determined in previous question 1 + 1/2 i.Z 0 120 .2. Z 0 = 15 W Load impedance. Voltage generator. VL = V 1+ c 1 + GL m = 100 3 f1 . ZL = 180 W Voltage generator.Z 0 = 180 .60 1 Gg = g = = Zg + Z 0 120 + 60 3 Therefore.Gg GL b 3 lb 2 l 100 3 6 = 75 Volt = 3 #2#5 SOL 8.Z 0 30 .60 = 1 ZL + Z 0 180 + 60 2 The reflection coefficient at source terminal is given as Z . Zg = 120 W So.co. ZL = 45 W So.e.562 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only SOL 8.1 1 p 1 .nodia.15 1 Gg = g = = Zg + Z 0 30 + 15 3 and the reflection coefficient at load terminal is GL = ZL . Characteristic impedance.Gg GL m K b 2 lb 3 l O P L = 50 # 6 # 3 = 30 Volt 3 5 2 Therefore. Zg = 30 W Characteristic impedance.35 Option (D) is correct. g at e he lp.

5 mA V 1+ ^1 .2.GL h =.80 = 8 (Z 0 = 80 W as calculated in previous question) 15 ZL + 80 ZL ^15 . So.GL . the internal resistance of the battery is zero so.V 1 + V 2 =.1 Gg = g Zg + Z 0 and GL = ZL . V1 is the first forward voltage pulse. from the plot of input current (current at generator end) we get.2.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 563 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. (1) V 1+ = 75 mA + + (2) and V 1 .36 Option (B) is correct.2GL =.Z 0 = 8 15 ZL + Z 0 ZL .co.37 Option (D) is correct. ZL = 262.5 mA ^Gg =.8h = 80 # 8 + 15 # 80 Thus.in SOL 8. ga te For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.1h 1 . the 1st forward voltage pulse is V 1+ = Vg = 6 Volt and from the plot we get the first forward pulse current as + I 1 = 75 mA Therefore. Reflection coefficient at source and load end are given as Z .85 W *********** he lp.5 ^V 1+ = 75 mAh 75 or.GL V 1+ + GL Gg V 1+ =. putting the values of these voltages in terms of reflection coefficients we get V 1+ .Z 0 ZL + Z 0 Now. GL = 8 15 For determining load resistance of the line the reflection coefficient is written in the terms of impedances as ZL .5 mA + where.Z0 =. V1 is the first reflected voltage pulse and V2+ is the second forward voltage pulse. co m . Since. the characteristic impedance of the transmission line is given as + 6 Z0 = V 1 = = 80 W + I1 75 # 10-3 SOL 8.

SOL 8. Since.58 . d = 2 mm f = 10 GHz q = p/4 two points on the line is defined as co m SOL 8.58 cm. Operating frequency. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.89 = 50 W .58 = 9 l1 1.34 (2m + 1) = l2 Therefore.3 Shop Online at www.2 Z 0 = Z1 Z 2 100 = 50 # 340 As this is quarter wave matching so.174 m f1 # 4 429 # 106 # 4 8 For f2 = 1 GHz .4 = b 1 l 10-9 # 10.3 Option (C) is correct.075 m 9 f2 # 4 1 # 10 # 4 Now. Characteristic impedance of a coaxial cable is defined as m Z0 = ln b e ba l where. l1 = c = = 0. Length on the transmission line. l = (2m + 1) l 4 3 # 108 For f1 = 429 MHz. Phase difference.3. the length of the line can be approximately 1.co. only the length of the line given in option (C) is the odd multiple of both l1 and l2 as : (2m + 1) = 1. Z0 = ln b e0 er b a l 4p # 10-7 # 36p ln 2. g at e Option (C) is correct. b " outer cross sectional diameter a " inner cross sectional diameter m0 So.3. Now. Since the phase difference between the ww w.1 Option (B) is correct.3. the length of the transmission line would be odd multiple of l/4 . l2 = c = 3 # 10 = 0.nodia.in SOL 8.564 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only SOLUTIONS 8.

using equation (1) and (2) we get a = R = 0.9 90c S21 = 0.9 90c . Shop Online at www.3. the two port is not lossless. Now. we get p = 2p d 4 l or l = 8d = 8 # 2 mm = 16 mm Therefore. voltage maxima is observed at a distance of l/4 from the load and we know that the separation between one maxima and minima equals to l/4 so voltage minima will be observed at the load.in SOL 8.9 90c Therefore .6 # 108 m/ sec Option (D) is correct.6 Option (A) is correct. S12 = S21 As for the given scattering matrix we have S12 = S21 = 0. Now.3.1 = 0. So. for a reciprocal network. co m SOL 8.4 (1) (2) So. S12 = 0.9) 2 ! 1 Therefore.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 565 For View Only q = 2p d l where l is operating wavelength and d is the distance between the two points.2) 2 + (0. S22 = 0. S = 5 ) ZL = 6Zin@min = Z 0 = 50 = 10 W 5 S Option (C) is correct. from the given scattering matrix we have S11 = 0.1 90c So. For a lossless network. Since. ga te he lp. Z 0 is characteristic impedance and S is the standing wave ratio on the line. we get (0.2 0c . For a distortion less transmission line characteristics impedance Z0 = R G Attenuation constant for distortionless line is a = RG ww w.3.co.002 50 Z0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .5 S11 2 + S21 2 = 1 Since. SOL 8. the two port is reciprocal. the input impedance at the point of voltage minima on the line is defined as Z0 6Zin@min = S where. the phase velocity of the wave is given as v p = fl = 10 # 109 # 16 # 10-3 = 2. Therefore.nodia. the load impedance of the transmission line (equal to the input impedance at load) is given as (Z 0 = 50 W .

co.in SOL 8. Length of the line. Characteristic impedance. So.566 Transmission Lines Chap 8 Load impedance. the reflection coefficient at the load terminal is 60 + j3 . for l/8 transmissionTline we haveX co m (short circuit) . For a lossless transmission line.60 = 1 G = ZL . the input impedance of the l/8 transmission line is given as Zin2 = jZo tan bl = j30 The equivalent circuit is shown below : he ZL = 0 W Zo = 30 W l =l 8 lp.3.64 1. ZL = 30 W Characteristic impedance. Zo = 30 W Length of the line. the input impedance of the quarter wave line is V R ZL S tan bl + jZo W 2 W = Z 0 = 60 W Zin1 = Zo S S Zo + jZL W ZL W S tan bl Now. g at e tan bl = tan b 2p l l = 1 l 8 Therefore. tan bl = tan b bb = l l l 4l Therefore. we get The effective load impedance of the 60 W transmission line is ZL = 60 + j30 So.17 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the voltage standing wave ratio of the line is given as 1+ G S = = 1 + 17 = 1. For View Only Shop Online at www.Zo = 60 + j3 + 60 ZL + Zo 17 Therefore. l =l 4 2p l = 3 2p So.7 Option (B) is correct.G 1 .nodia. for the quarter wave (l/4 ) line we have Load impedance. the input impedance is defined as Z + jZo tan bl Z in = Zo < L F Zo + jZL tan bl Now.

the effective load impedance of line 3 is given as ZL3 = Zi1 || Zi2 = 200 W || 200 W = 100 W Therefore.3. the input impedance of the line is Zin = jZo tan ^bl h Now.in The transmission line are as shown below.8 Option (A) is correct. The input impedance of the lossless transmission line is defined as ZL + jZo tan ^bl h Zin = Zo f p Zo + jZL tan ^bl h Since. for line 2. ga te he lp.3.nodia.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 567 For View Only SOL 8. for line 1 we have the input impedance as 2 2 Zi1 = Z 01 = 100 = 200 W 50 ZL1 Similarly. the input impedance is 2 2 Zi2 = Z 02 = 100 = 200 W 50 ZL2 So. the operating wavelength of the line is 8 ( f = 3 GHz ) l = c = 3 # 109 = 0. Zin is inductive. Z 0 is the characteristic impedance of the line and ZL is the load impedance of the line. Shop Online at www. ww w. Zin = jZo tan p 5 Since. So. co m (l = 1 cm ) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . the given transmission line of characteristic impedance Z 0 = 75 W is short circuited (ZL = 0 ) at its one end. the input impedance of line 3 is 2 2 Zi = Z 0 = 60 = 45 W ZL3 100 Option (A) is correct. Therefore.1 m or 10 cm f 3 # 10 bl = 2p l = 2p # 1 = p 10 5 l Therefore.9 The input impedance of a quarter wave (l/4 ) lossless transmission line is defined as 2 Zin = Z 0 ZL where. Zo tan (p/5) is positive so.co. Length of all line is l 4 SOL 8. So.

co m .Z 0 = 300 .5 = 25 3 So. g at e he lp.1 = S11 = 3 ^ZL || Z 0h + Zo ^50 || 50h + 50 2 ^ZL || Zo h 2 ^50 || 50h = =2 S12 = S21 = 50 || 50h + 50 3 ZL || Zo h + Zo ^ ^ ^ZL || Zo h . The 2-port scattering parameter matrix is S11 S12 S => S21 S22H ^ZL || Z 0h . the reflection coefficient at the input terminal is given as G = ZS . Z 0 is characteristic impedance and ZL is the load impedance of the line. the input impedance of the 50 W transmission line is (50) 2 ZS = = 300 25/3 Therefore.50 =.co.2 = S22 = 3 ^ZL || Zo h + Zo ^50 || 50h + 50 SOL 8.in SOL 8. putting all the values we get 10 = Prad 1W or Prad = 10 Watts GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.5 ZL2 200 The effective load impedance of the line 3 is given as ZL = Zin1 || Zin2 = 25 || 12.568 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.3. So.50 =.11 Option (A) is correct.50 = 2 ZS + Z 0 300 + 50 7 SOL 8.3.3.10 Option (C) is correct. We have 10 log Gp = 10 dB or Gp = 10 The power gain of the antenna is defined as Gp = Prad Pin where Prad is the radiated power of the antenna and Pin is the input power feed to the antenna. the input impedance of line 2 is 2 2 Zin2 = Z o2 = 50 = 12. we have the input impedance of line 1 as 2 2 Zin1 = Z o1 = 50 = 25 ZL1 100 Similarly.12 Option (D) is correct. So.Zo ^50 || 50h . The input impedance of a quarter wave (l = l/4 )lossless transmission line is defined as 2 Zin = Z o ZL where.Zo ^50 || 50h .nodia.

5 .16 Option (C) is correct. VSWR is given as S = Vmax = 4 = 4 1 Vmin Since.5 W 4 S SOL 8.5j Thus movement on constant r . So.3. + 50 SOL 8. Let us consider a point Q at 45c from point P in clockwise direction.in SOL 8.G S = 1+ G GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.19 Option (A) is correct.17 Option (C) is correct. ga te SOL 8. The given circles represent constant reactance circle.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 569 SOL 8.3j) = = 8.circle by an 45c in CW direction is the addition of inductance in series with Z .54j 13 SOL 8.nodia.69 . co m . the load impedance of the transmission line is given as (Z 0 = 50 W. The ratio of the load impedance to the input impedance of the transmission line is given as VL = Z 0 Vin Zin or VL = Z 0 Vin = 10 # 300 = 60 V 50 Zin Option (D) is correct. From the diagram.0. Suppose at point P impedance is Z = r + j (. we get 2 Zsc = Z 0 = 50 # 50 = 50 Zoc 100 + j150 2 + 3j 50 (2 . The VSWR of a transmission line is defined as 1.18 SOL 8.3.15.15 Option (D) is correct. S = 4 ) ZL = 6Zin@min = Zo = 50 = 12.3.5j or Z1 = Z + 0.3. the reactance magnitude increase.0. It’s impedance is Z1 = r . lp. The reflection coefficient at the load terminal is given as G = ZL . The characteristic impedance of a transmission line is defined as 2 Z 0 = Zoc Zsc where Zoc and Zsc are input impedance of the open circuited and is short circuited line.14 Option (C) is correct.6 ZL + ZO 125. he For View Only Shop Online at www.3.3.1) If we move in constant resistance circle from point P in clockwise direction by an angle 45c.ZO = 12.3.13 Option (A) is correct.50 =.co. voltage minima is located at the load terminal so.

42 100 j50 Zin1 Zin2 he lp.in SOL 8.nodia.20 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. co m where G is the reflection coefficient of the transmission line.G 2= 1+ G or G =1 3 Thus. for l/2 transmission line we have l = l/2 and ZL1 = 100 W So.j0.co. The input impedance of a lossless transmission line is defined as 6ZL + jZo tan bl @ Zin = Zo 6Zo + jZL tan bl @ Now. we have l = l/8 and ZL2 = 0 So. 11.01 . the input impedance of l/8 line is [0 + jZo tan p ] 4 = jZo = j50 W Zin2 = Zo 6Zo + 0@ Thus. we get 1. So.e.3. the input impedance of the l/2 transmission line is 6ZL1 + jZo tan p@ = ZL1 = 100 W Zin1 = Zo 6Zo + jZL1 tan p@ For l/8 transmission line. the net admittance at the junction of the stub is given as Y = 1 + 1 = 2 + 1 = 0. (S = 2 ) 2p bb = l l at e (short circuit) 2p bb = l l . g Option (D) is correct.570 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.11% of incident power is reflected. the ratio of the reflected and incident wave is given as Pr = G 2 = 1 9 Pi or Pr = Pi 9 i.

23 Option (C) is correct. ga te Option (B) is correct.5 .3. the operating wavelength l of the transmission line is given as l =u =1# 1 au= 1 f f LC LC 1 1 5 # 107 = 2 m = = # 25 # 106 25 # 106 10 # 10-6 # 40 # 10-12 So.5 2 or. Electrical path length = bl where b = 2p . the operating frequency of the transmission line is 10 (c = 3 # 1010 cm/s ) f = c = 3 # 10 = 1 GHz 30 l Option (C) is correct. if we move along clockwise direction in the constant resistance circle.3. S varies from 1 to 3.nodia.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 571 For View Only Shop Online at www.50 = 50 = 1 ZL + Z 0 100 + 50 150 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. l = 2 # 15 = 30 cm Therefore.Z 0 = 100 . where l is wavelength.3.3. SOL 8.12. the reflection coefficient GL of the transmission line is given as GL = ZL .in SOL 8.25 SOL 8. The input impedance at the voltage minima on the transmission line is defined as Z0 6Zin@min = S where S is standing wave ratio along the transmission line.27 Option (B) is correct. ZOC ZSC = 100 # 25 = 10 # 5 = 50 W SOL 8.3.21 Option (A) is correct.co.3. Reactance increases.3.22 Option (B) is correct. VSWR (voltage standing wave ratio) of a transmission line is defined as S = 1+G 1-G where G is the reflection coefficient of the transmission line that varies from 0 to 1. Therefore. Since. co SOL 8. Zo = m SOL 8. A transmission line is distortion less if LG = RC . So. l = 50 cm l Now. we get l = 27. the electric path length is bl = 2p # 50 # 10-2 = p radian 2 2 he lp. We know that distance between two adjacent voltage maxima is equal to l/2 .24 Option (B) is correct.26 SOL 8.

g For View Only Shop Online at www.28 Option (D) is correct.e.nodia.(1) .(2) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . infinite input impedance and thus. l = l/4 R V S1 + jZ 0 tanh lg W ZL W So. the standing wave ratio of the line is 1+1 1 + GL 3 =2 S = = 1 1 .3.3. the minimum input impedance measured on the line is equal to Zin min = 50 = 25 W 2 SOL 8. the phase velocity is defined as vp = w = 1 b LC Characteristics impedance for a lossless transmission line is given as Z0 = L C ww bl = 2p l = p 2 l 4 (Short circuited at load) ZL = 0 and Z 0 = 50 W Therefore. For lossless transmission line. Zin = Z 0 lim S Z " 3S Z 0 W S ZL + j tanh lg W X gp Z0 T = 0 = a tanh 4 " 3k j tanh lg SOL 8.29 Option (D) is correct..30 Option (B) is correct. the input impedance of the transmission line is 0 + j50 tan p/2 Zin = 50 = 50 + j0 tan p/2G = 3 i.3.co..572 Transmission Lines Chap 8 SOL 8.GL 13 Therefore. For a lossy transmission line the input impedance is given as Z + jZ 0 tanh gl Zin = Z 0 < L F Z 0 + jZL tanh gl Load impedance. (open circuited at load end) ZL = 3 Length of line.. So.in So. Input impedance of a lossless transmission line is given by Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 < L F Z 0 + jZL tan bl where Z 0 " Charateristic impedance of line ZL " Load impedance l " Length of transmission line and b = 2p/l L at e he lp. co m .. the current drawn from the voltage source will be zero. we have w.

we get.co. 3= ]S = 3g 1 . Voltage minima of a short circuited transmission line is located at it’s load.in So.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 573 L SOL 8.75 ^ZL = RL h. .1 = RL . Input impedance of a ^l/4h transmission line is defined as 2 Zin = Z 0 ZL where Z 0 is characteristic impedance of the line and ZL is load impedance of the line. we get l = qG l 4p 4 qT = p Now. The VSWR (voltage standing wave ratio) in terms of maxima and minima voltage is defined as Vmax S = =4=2 2 Vmin SOL 8.3.3.RL . the minima located at RL ) so. 2 Zin = lim Z 0 = 3 Z " 0Z L .e. putting the value of l max is equation (1).31 Option (C) is correct. ^Z 0 = 75 Wh 2 RL + 75 .75 = 2RL .150 3RL = 75 & RL = 25 W Option (B) is correct.e. from equation (1) and (2) we get 1 vp = = 1 C (Z 0 C ) Z 0 C SOL 8. the l/4 line is shorted at one end (i.GL GL = 1/2 i. So... As the location of minima is same for the load RL (i. qT is phase angle of reflection coefficient and l is operating wavelength of line. ga te he lp. Since. the first voltage maxima will be located at l/4 distance from load. Now.33 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.nodia.G 1 + GL or.32 Option (D) is correct. co m For View Only Shop Online at www.Z 0 ZL + Z 0 .e. the standing wave ratio of the line is given as 1+ G S = 1. GL = GL qG = 1 p =.3.(1) l max = qG l 4p where l max is the distance of point of maxima from the load. ZL = 0 ) So.1 2 2 The reflection coefficient at the load terminal is given as GL = ZL .

38 ww w. co For View Only Shop Online at www. g at e SOL 8.e.nodia. lp.GL Option (D) is correct.3.6 5 The reflection coefficient at load is defined as GL = ZL . statement (1) and (4) are correct.6 = ZL . the standing wave. 4 m a"2 b"1 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . tan bl is positive and therefore.3. ratio is 1 + GL VSWR = = 1+1 = 3 1-1 1 . Zin is inductive l < l < l & p < bl < p For 2 2 4 tan bl is . for l < l/4 & bl < p 2 So. Option (A) is correct.6 # 60 = 120 W 0. Single stub with adjustable position is the best method for transmission line load matching for a given frequency range.34 Option (D) is correct.ve and therefore.3.60 ZL + 60 ZL = 1.co.GL GL = 3 = 0. the load impedance is short circuit i.3. input impedance for lossless line is given as Z + jZ 0 tan bl = jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m Now.3. Zin is capacitive For l = l & bl = p 2 4 he Option (C) is correct.Z 0 = j50 + 50 ZL + Z 0 =j Therefore. we have 1 . 0.36 SOL 8. The reflection coefficient at load terminal is defined as + j50 .50 GL = ZL .Z 0 ZL + Z 0 So. ZL = 0 So. Given.e.in SOL 8.37 Option (B) is correct. Loading of a cable is done to increase the inductance as well as to achieve the distortionless condition. i. Z 0 = 60 W SWR S =4 1 + GL = S = 4 So. Characteristic impedance.35 SOL 8.574 Transmission Lines Chap 8 SOL 8.

For distortionless transmission line. lp. i. ga te he Option (A) is correct. a = 0. b = w LC So. b = w LC and for lossless transmission line. of maxima = = 500 = 6 2 3 Distance between two maxima ^150/2h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. a = RG . qG =.150c So.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 575 For View Only tan bl = 3 and therefore Zin = 3 For l = l & bl = p 2 tan bl = 0 and therefore. The voltage wave has the successive maxima at each l/2 distance. Total length So. statement 1 and 3 are correct.3. the total no. l = 500 m Phase angle.nodia. Length of transmission line.e. Given.40 Since. the reflection coefficient has a phase angle . Where as the phase shift b varies linearly with frequency w. m . the wave lags by 150c angle. co Option (C) is correct. Zin = 0 Shop Online at www.39 SOL 8. l = 150 m Consider the reflected voltage wave for the lossless transmission line terminated in resistive load as shown in figure.150c Operating wavelength.co. for both the type of transmission line attenuation is constant and is independent of frequency.3.in c"4 d"3 SOL 8.

Z 0 ZL + Z 0 For a matched transmission line we have ZL = Z 0 So.42 So. ZlL = = 200 ZL and for matching Z 0 = ZlL ^Zl0h2 450 = 200 Zl0 = ^450h^200h = 300 W SOL 8.3.nodia.co. g at e he lp.e. we have the input impedance. J 2p l N KZL + jZl0 tan b l lb 4 l O ^Zl0h2 O= Zin = Zl0 K ZL K Z 0 + jZL tan b 2p lb l l O K l 4 O L P this will be the load to 450 W transmission line ^Zl0h2 ^Zl0h2 i.576 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. Reflection coefficient at load terminal is defined as GL = ZL .in i.3. Given ZL = 3 and l =l 4 Zin = Z 0 c ww w. matching eliminated the reflected wave between the source and the matching device location. Consider the quarter wave transformer connected to load has the characteristic impedance Zl0 as shown in the figure.e. 6 maxima and remaining phase angle = 2 # 360c = 240c 3 From the wave pattern shown above we conclude that the remaining phase ^240ch will include one more maxima and therefore the total no.jZ 0 cot bl ^ZL " 3h Z 0 + jZL tan bl m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .3. GL = 0 i. SOL 8. Option (A) is correct.43 Option (D) is correct. of maxima is 7.41 SOL 8. co m (open circuit) (quarter wave) ZL + jZ 0 tan bl =.e.

(short circuit) ZL = 0 Line parameters.nodia.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 577 For View Only =.1 ^a " 2h ZL + Z 0 (b) Open circuit ^ZL = 3h So. pure reactance Statement (A) is correct.3.Z 0 =.e. Given. Load impedance. Length of transmission line l < l/4 Load impedance.45 SOL 8.jZ 0 cot bl (open circuit) (lossless line) ^ZL = 3h .Z 0 = 1 2Z 0 + Z 0 3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. statement (D) is also correct. co m Option (A) is correct.3.Z 0 = 0 ^c " 1h Z0 + Z0 (d) 2 # line characteristic impedance ^ZL = 2Z 0h ^d " 4h GL = 2Z 0 . the reflection exists.1 ! 0 ZL + Z 0 So.3.jZ 0 cot b 2p lb l l l 4 Shop Online at www.Z 0 = 1 ^b " 3h ZL + Z 0 (c) Line characteristic impedance ^ZL = Z 0h GL = Z 0 . ga te Option (C) is correct. (a) short circuit ^ZL = 0h So GL = ZL . the input impedance of the line is given as Zin = jZ 0 tan bl i. Statement (B) is correct. Since tan bl can be either positive or negative So Zin can be either capacitive or inductive.Z 0 =.in SOL 8. GL = ZL . ZL = 3 So. Statement (C) is incorrect.co. The reflection coefficient at load is GL = ZL .46 Option (C) is correct. he lp. (loss free line) a =0 So. (loss free line) R = G= 0 Attenuation constant. and since the standing waves of voltage and current are set up along length of the lines so.44 SOL 8. the input impedance of the transmission line is given as Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m = Z0 c 1 m j tan bl =.

1 to + 1.3.4p = 0.3. the reflection coefficient as GL = 0. Given.3e h^e h -j30c -j0.G SOL 8. co m .48 Option (D) is correct. VSWR = = 1+1 = 3 1-1 1. w. VSWR = =6=3 4 2 1.3.1lh So.3.1lh -j30c -2jb^0. ^a " 3h VSWR has the range from 1 to 3 ^c " 2h Reflection coefficient ^G h ranges from .52 SOL 8.51 SOL 8. The scattering parameters linearly relate the reflected wave to incident wave and it is frequency invariant so the scattering parameters are more suited than impedance parameters.3. reflection coefficient.1l -2g^0. Given. Input impedance of a quarter wave transformer is defined as 2 Zin = Z 0 ZL he For View Only Shop Online at www. for lossless transmission line (R = G = 0 ) Z0 = L C SOL 8.G SOL 8. G = 1 5 1+ G So. we get the input impedance of the transformer as Zin = 3 at e Option (C) is correct. g where Z 0 is the characteristic impedance of the line and ZL is the load impedance. GL = 1 0c 1+ G So.3e-j30c At any point on the transmission line the reflection coefficient is defined as G ^z h = GL e-2gz where z is the distance of point from load. Characteristic impedance of transmission line is defined as R + jw L Z0 = G + j wC So. (Given) z = 0.3e ^e h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (D) is correct. ^b " 1h lp. (Assume a = 0 ) G ^z h = GL e = ^0.3. Input impedance has the range from 0 to 3.in SOL 8.578 Transmission Lines Chap 8 SOL 8. Given.49 Option (C) is correct.3. Since the quarter wave transformer is terminated by a short circuit (ZL = 0 ) so.nodia.50 Option (C) is correct. reflection coefficient.47 Option (A) is correct.co.53 Option (C) is correct.

1 where as the transmission coefficient is G = 0 . Balun is used to couple a coaxial line to a parallel wire.7025 The attenuated voltage at any point is given as (1) V = V0 e. Operating frequency.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 579 For View Only = 0. Given.j 75h W The condition for matching is ZlL = Z 0 where ZlL is the equivalent load impedance of the transmission line after connecting an additional circuit. The reflection coefficient of the conducting sheet is G =. In Smith chart.1h or.3. l == 3. ga te he lp.3. the best matching will be obtained by a short circuited stub at some specific distance from load. So.3.90% of V0 = 0.co.7025 Option (A) is correct. Characteristic impedance.27 m 0. s = 5 mho/m Relative permittivity.in Option (D) is correct. statement 3 is incorrect while statement 1 and 2 are correct. the voltage of the signal after 90% attenuation is V = V0 .58 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.55 SOL 8. So. Option (A) is correct. there will be x -directed surface current on the sheet. Option (B) is correct. Z 0 = 75 W Load impedance.nodia. So. Given.3. SOL 8.1h = e. the distance towards the load is always measured in anticlockwise direction. er = 80 The attenuation constant for the medium is defined as wms a = ^s >> weh 2 ^2p # 25 # 103h # ^4p # 10-7h^5 h = ^m = m0h 2 = 0.al ln ^0.57 SOL 8. f = 25 kHz Conductivity.3. Option (B) is correct. co m .1V0 Comparing it with equation (1) we get ^0.6e SOL 8. the radio signal is to be transmitted with 90% attenuation so.54 -j152c Shop Online at www.56 SOL 8. ZL = ^100 .al where V0 is source voltage and l is the distance travelled by wave Since.

3.e.in SOL 8. bl = b 2p lb l l = p 2 l 4 Therefore the input impedance of the lossless transmission line is Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m jZ 0 tan p 2 p = j3 (i. ZL = 3 So. l = l/4 Load impedance.1 = 0. g at e he lp.59 Option (B) is correct.60 Option (D) is correct.nodia.1 = 2 . 20 log 10 S = 6 S = ^10h6/20 = 2 So..61 Option (A) is correct.3. Length of line. bl = b 2p lb l l = p 4 l 8 Therefore the input impedance of the lossless transmission line is jZ 0 tan p ZL + jZ 0 tan bl 4p f Zin = Z 0 c = Z0 Z0 Z 0 + jZL tan bl m (i. For View Only Shop Online at www. Given. Length of line. ZL = 0 So. the input impedance of the lossless transmission line is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. ZL = 0 So. incorrect statement) = jZ 0 (2) Given. l = l/2 Load impedance.3. correct statement) = Z0 f Z0 (3)Given. So. l = l/8 Load impedance.e. Input impedance of a quarter wave transformer (lossless transmission line) is defined as 2 Zin = Z 0 ZL where Z 0 is the characteristic impedance of the line and ZL is the load impedance of the line. we get Z 0 = Zin ZL = ^50h^200h = 100 W co m .co. the reflection coefficient at the load terminal is given as G = S . Length of line.33 S+1 2+1 SOL 8. (1) Given. bl = b 2p lb l l = p l 2 Therefore.580 Transmission Lines Chap 8 SOL 8. the voltage standing wave ratio in decibels is VSWR indecibels = 6 dB or..

incorrect statement) = Z 0 b 1 l =.e. for the matched line the input impedance is Z + jZ 0 tan bl (i. a = 0 ) then. Since. the input impedance of the transmission line is Z + Z 0 tanh gl = Z 0 tanh gl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + ZL tanh gl m If the line is distortion less (i. Length of line. the input impedance at AB is given as 2 ZL + jZ 0 tan p 2 = ^Z 0h Zin = Z 0 f p ZL Z 0 + jZL tan p 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 581 For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia.. So. correct statement) = Z0 Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m Option (C) is correct.e. it will depend on characteristic impedance as the line is resistive or reactive. ZL = 25 W Length of line. Given.63 So.3.co.e. ZL = 0 So. Zin = 400 W (same as the o/p impedance of the matched line) Load impedance.in Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m (i.62 SOL 8.3. the input impedance of the line is Zin = jZ 0 tan bl = jZ 0 So.. ga te Option (B) is correct. ZL = Z 0 So.j3 j tan p (4) Matched line have the load impedance equal to its characteristic impedance SOL 8.e. l = l/8 Load impedance. co m . lp. a transmission line of output impedance 400 W is to be matched to a load of 25 W through a quarter wavelength line. he i. for the quarter wave line we have Input impedance. bl = b 2p lb l l = p 4 l 8 Therefore.. l = l/4 The characteristic impedance of quarter wave transmission line is Z 0 that connected between the load and the transmission line of output impedance 400 W as shown in figure.

3.e. m . Z 0 ) Given. Length of transmission line. For a distortionless transmission line. l = l/8 Load impedance. SOL 8.582 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Therefore. (Short circuited line) ZL = 0 So. G >> wC GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in 800 # 50 = 200 W SOL 8. (a) R =G=0 For this condition propagation constant is given as g = a + jb = ^R + jwL h^G + jwC h i. Given.65 SOL 8. the input impedance of lossless transmission line is given as jZ Z + jZ 0 tan bl which is inductive = Z 0 c 0 m = jZ 0 Zin = Z 0 c L Z0 Z 0 + jZL tan bl m So. a = 0 and b = w LC As the attenuation constant is independent of frequency and the phase constant is linear function of w so. g at e he lp. it is a distortionless transmission line.nodia. In list I (a) Characteristic impedance of a transmission line is defined as R + jw L (a" 2 ) = Z Z0 = Y G + jw C (b) Propagation constant of the line is given as (b" 1) g = ^R + jwL h^G + jwC h = ZY (c) Sending end input impedance is Z + Z 0 tan gl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + ZL tan gl m (terminated in characteristic impedance.3.co. (b) RC = GL R =G L C This is the general condition for distortionless line for which a = RG and b = w LC (c) R >> wL . the attenuation constant (a) must be independent of frequency (w) and the phase constant (b ) should be linear function of w.64 Z0 = Zin ZL = Shop Online at www. we get the input impedance as (c" 2 ) Zin = Z 0 = Z Y Option (C) is correct. we get bl = b 2p lb l l = p 4 l 8 Therefore. ZL = Z 0 So.3.66 Option (C) is correct. the input impedance of l/8 long short-circuited section of a lossless transmission line is inductive. co Option (B) is correct.

Now. ga te Therefore.e. b is not function of w so. l = 50 cm m . Distance between adjacent maxima of an EM wave propagating along a transmission line is l/2 . Forward voltage wave along the transmission line is given as V 0+ = Z 0 E = E 2 Z0 + Z0 As the transmission line is open circuited at its load terminal ^ZL = 3h so. co Option (B) is correct. a = RG .e. from the plot we observe that at z = 0 .in g = a + jb = RG i.12.68 Option (C) is correct. G << wC g = a + jb = ^ jwL h^ jwC h i.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 583 For View Only Shop Online at www. it is clear that the voltage wave has been reflected GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the voltage travelling in reverse direction is V 0 = GL V 0+ = E 2 The time taken by the wave to travel the distance between source and load terminal is given as t1 = l c where l is the length of transmission line and c is velocity of propagating wave. it is not the distortionless line. the operating frequency of the line is 8 f = c = 3 # 10-2 l 50 # 10 = 300 MHz he lp. So. voltage of the line is E/2 where as at z = l . and b = 0 Since.5 .67 SOL 8.e. a = 0 and b = w LC SOL 8.5h l/2 = 25 cm i.co.3.3.Z 0 = 1 ZL + Z 0 Therefore.nodia. the reflection coefficient at the load terminal is GL = ZL . (d) R << wL . we get l/2 = ^37. voltage is E therefore.

Characteristic impedance.j20 W So.70 Option (A) is correct.3.3. Given the reflection coefficient of the line is G = 0.50 = 1 3 ZL + Z 0 100 + 50 at e he lp. ZL = 15 . A distortionless transmission line has it’s parameters related as R =G L C or RC = GL Option (B) is correct.co.6 1.e.G SOL 8.nodia. l < t < 2l i.Z 0 = 100 .3.j 20 = 0.6 = 4 1 . Characteristic impedance. the normalized load impedance is given as zL = ZL = 15 . PA = W1 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (C) is correct.3.584 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www. ZL = 100 W Forward voltage V + = 10 V So. Since both the transmission lines are identical except that the loads connected to them are 2Z and Z/2 respectively.3. The characteristic impedance for a lossy transmission line does not depend on the length of the line. g Option (B) is correct.3.69 Option (A) is correct.in from the load but not reached yet to the generator. Let the maximum voltage across the loads be Vm So. Option (B) is correct.3. Z 0 = 50 W Load impedance. SOL 8.4 .0.75 SOL 8.72 SOL 8. the voltage standing wave ratio is defined as 1+ G SWR = = 1 + 0. c c SOL 8.3 50 50 Z0 w.74 SOL 8.73 co m . Option (D ) is correct. the reflection coefficient of the line is given as G = ZL .3.6 So.j 0.71 SOL 8.76 Option (D) is correct. Z 0 = 50 W Load impedance. the power transmitted to the loads are 2 PA = V m 2Z 2 and PB = V m Z/2 Given. SOL 8.

80 Option (D) is correct.G G =0 ZL .77 V = ^2Z h W1 2 PB = V m = 2ZW1 = 2W1 Z/2 ^Z/2h 2 m Shop Online at www.3.e. (3) For a lossless half wave transmission line Zin = ZL So. expressing it in terms of reflection coefficient.c. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3. SOL 8.in Option (A) is correct. (line terminated by its characteristic impedance) (1) ZL = Z 0 So. SWR = 1 So.e. there will be no reflected wave and the wave will have only forward voltage and current wave which will be equal at all the points on the line.nodia. characteristic impedance is equal to load impedance. Given.3. = 36 # 64 = 48 W Option (D) is correct. statement 3 is incorrect while statements 1 and 2 are correct.c. (2) ZL = Z 0 G =0 and so. the short circuited and open circuited input impedance as Zs. = 64 W So. the characteristic impedance of the transmission line is defined as Z 0 = Zo.c. i. Since. = 36 W . Zs.c.e. he lp. the standing wave ratio of the wave is 1. ga te SOL 8.co.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 585 For View Only So. Zo.79 Option (C) is correct. and SOL 8.78 SOL 8.Z 0 = 0 ZL + Z 0 i. we get 1+ G =1 1. no any reflected wave.3. co m .Z 0 = 0 ZL + Z 0 ZL = Z 0 i. reflection coefficient G = ZL .

5 Z0 + Z 0 3 co m For View Only Shop Online at www.84 SOL 8. C = 10-10 F/m Characteristic impedance.Z 0 = 3 =.85 Option (D) is correct.co. for distortionless line the characteristic impedance is given as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. SOL 8.3. the two wire transmission line has Half center to center spacing = h = d 2 Conductor radius = r So.1 oG 2r 2r pe = 2 loge =h + b h l .Z 0 ZR + Z 0 Z0 .586 Transmission Lines Chap 8 SOL 8. the attenuation constant.82 Option (B) is correct. g at e he SOL 8.3. Z 0 = 50 W Now. G =.in Given.81 Option (A) is correct. G = ZR .nodia. For distortionless transmission line R =L C G and so. the capacitance per unit length of the line is defined as pe C = 2 d + loge =b l e b d l .3. Reflection coefficient. Capacitance per unit length. Propagation constant.1 3 So.3.G Option (B) is correct. the standing wave ratio 1+ G S = =4=2 2 1.1G r r . Given the reflection coefficient.83 SOL 8. g = ^R + jwL h^G + jwC h The characteristic impedance of the transmission line is given as R + jw L Z0 = G + j wC R + jw L Z0 = g Option (A) is correct.3. a = RG = R b RC l = R C L L lp.

Z 0 ZL + Z 0 =0 he lp.88 SOL 8.. we have to produce an additional impedance of + j50 at load to match it with transmission line. Given.86 SOL 8. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.j50h W Characteristic impedance. Given. L = 10 mH/m = 10 # 10-6 H/m and C = 40 pF/m = 40 # 10-12 F/m So.e. Therefore. ZL = ^75 . Given.co.5 = 0. ZL = Z 0 ) so. The load impedance = Surge impedance i. f = 30 MHz = 30 # 106 Hz Line parameters. Z 0 = 75 W Since. for matching the transmission line a short circuit stub is connected at some specific distance from load.3.25 mH/m SOL 8.3. l = 50 cm = 0.in L 10-10 So.e.3. The characteristic impedance Z 0 in terms of open circuit impedance Zoc and short circuit impedance Zsc is defined as (Given Zoc = Zsc = 100 ) Z 0 = Zoc Zsc = ^100h^100h = 50 W .89 Option (C) is correct. ZL = Z 0 So. ga te Option (C) is correct. reflection coefficient of the line is given as G = ZL . for matching the load impedance is equal to the characteristic impedance (i.87 Option (D) is correct. Load impedance.Chap 8 Transmission Lines 587 For View Only Z0 = 50 = L C Shop Online at www. Length of transmission line. m Option (B) is correct. the phase constant of the wave along the transmission line is b = w LC = 2p # 30 # 106 ^10 # 10-6h^40 # 10-12h = 6p 5 bl = 6p # 0.nodia.3. the inductance per unit length is L = ^50h2 # ^10-10h = 0. co SOL 8.5 m Operating frequency.6p = 108c 5 Therefore.

the reflection coefficient of the transmission line is given as GL = ZL .co.588 Transmission Lines Chap 8 For View Only Shop Online at www.3. at e he Option (A) is correct. In a lossless line voltage or current along the line are not constant.e. Propagation constant in a transmission line is defined as. the input impedance of the lossless line is given as Z + jZ 0 tan bl Zin = Z 0 c L Z 0 + jZL tan bl m jZ tan bl = Z0 c 0 m Z0 = 2jZ 0 tan bl w.e.3. For a series resonant circuit the required conditions are (1) The angular frequency is w = 1 LC (2) The total equivalent impedance is pure resistive i. The characteristic impedance of a transmission line can be defined as below. all the three statements are correct. Characteristic impedance. load impedance of the transmission line is ZL = 0 So.90 Option (A) is correct.3.e. Z =R Now. R is correct statement. co m (Short circuit) SOL 8. A is not a correct statement. i.91 SOL 8.3. the input impedance at a distance l/4 from the load is defined as 2 Zin = Z 0 ZL And since the transmission line is open ^ZL = 3h So. lp.92 SOL 8.nodia.in SOL 8. Zin = 0 which is purely resistive i. R + jw L Z0 = G + j wC Z 0 = Zoc Zsc + Z 0 = V+ I So. Z 0 = 600 W Load impedance. Given.Z 0 ZL + Z 0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww . g = ^L + jwRh^R + jwC h SOL 8. ZL = 900 W So. Given.94 Option (D) is correct.93 Option (C) is correct.3. g Option (D) is correct.

CHAPTER 9 WAVE GUIDES .

3 (C) 211 W MCQ 9.in MCQ 9. g An airfilled rectangular waveguide is operating in TM mode at a frequency twice the cutoff frequency.nodia.5 ww An EM wave is propagating in TM 21 mode in an air filled 10 # 4 cm waveguide at a frequency of 2. What will be the intrinsic wave impedance ? (A) 289 W (B) 327 W (D) 377 W (C) 186.8 cot ^50px h tan ^40py h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e (C) A is true but R is false.25 tan ^40px h cot ^50py h (D) 0.co.8 tan ^40px h cot ^50py h (B) 0. Reason (R) : Propagation of energy requires a propagating mode.1.1.5 rad/m MCQ 9. (D) A is false but R is true.590 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only EXERCISE 9.865 rad/m (B) 1. MCQ 9.4 w.1.1. (A) A and R both are true and R is correct explanation of A.25 cot ^50px h tan ^40py h (C) 1.207 rad/m (D) 120. lp.5 GHz .1 MCQ 9.2 (B) A and R both are true but R is not the correct explanation of A. What will be the phase constant of the EM wave ? (A) 1.1. he Assertion (A) : In a waveguide operating below cutoff frequency there is no net average power flow down the waveguide.7 rad/m The electric field component of an electromagnetic wave propagating in a rectangular waveguide is given in phasor form as Ezs = E 0 sin ^50px h sin ^40py h e-rz V/m The ratio of field components Exs /Eys will be equal to (A) 1. (C) TE 21 co (D) TE 12 An electromagnetic wave propagating in an airfilled 10 # 8 cm waveguide has it’s electric field in phasor form given as Ezs = 5 sin ^20px h sin ^25py h e-jbz V/m What is the mode of propagation of the EM wave ? (A) TM 21 (B) TM 12 m .1 Shop Online at www.

139.11 A lossless parallel plate waveguide is operating in TM 3 mode at frequencies as low as 15 GHz. What will be the dielectric constant of the medium between plates if the plate separation is 20 mm ? (A) 1.10 Cutoff wavelength of a parallel plate waveguide for TM 2 mode is 3 mm.75 GHz. 314.5 # 108 m/s (C) 2 # 108 rad/m .8 (C) 2.9 A rectangular waveguide with the dimensions a = 2.6 An EM wave is propagating in TEM mode in a parallel plate waveguide filled of a dielectric ( er = 4.1. If the guide is operated at a wavelength l = 0. If the wave guide is filled with a lossless dielectric with mr = 1. mr = 1).5 cm .2 m/s (D) 314.7 (B) TE 10 < TM 11 < TE 20 < TM 12 (C) TM 12 < TM 11 < TE 20 < TE 10 (D) TE 10 < TE 20 < TM 12 < TM 11 MCQ 9.1 cm then the no.1.1.Chap 9 Wave Guides 591 For View Only Shop Online at www. What will be the group velocity of the propagating wave in the waveguide ? (B) 2.6 rad/s.in MCQ 9.25 .1.73 (B) 3 (C) 6 (D) 9 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. If the waveguide operating at 20 GHz then the phase constant and the group velocity of the wave will be respectively (A) 4. ga te he An airfilled 4 # 2 cm rectangular waveguide is operating at TE 10 mode at frequency of 3.6 m/s (B) 139.8 # 109 m/s (D) 1. 2 # 108 m/s MCQ 9. co An a # b rectangular waveguide is operating in four different modes as TM 11 . of possible modes that can propagate in the waveguide is (A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 8 (D) 9 MCQ 9.co. er = 2 then the wave impedance of propagating TE 20 mode in the waveguide will be (A) 377 W (B) 323 W (C) 457 W (D) 470 W MCQ 9.4 # 109 m/s (A) 1. TM 12 . b = 5 cm is operating at a frequency f = 15 GHz .8 # 108 m/s lp.2 rad/m. 4.5 # 108 rad/s . TE 10 and TE 20 .1.4 # 108 m/s MCQ 9. If a = 2b then the ascending order of the operating modes for their cut-off frequencies will be (A) TE 10 < TE 20 < TM 11 < TM 12 m .nodia.1.

A symmetric slab waveguide has a slab thickness d = 15 mm with refractive indices n1 = 3 .8 .16 If characteristic impedance of the transmission line is 55 then what will be the width of conducting strip ? (A) 0.9 # 107 m/s .632 cm and filled of a material with er = 4.15 cm (D) 0. If the guide is operating at a frequency f = 20 GHz then which of the following modes will propagate ? (A) TM 1 (B) TM 3 (C) TE 2 MCQ 9.5 as shown in figure.62 cm GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww In a symmetrical slab waveguide.12 A parallel plate wave guide has the plate separation b = 20 mm is made with glass ^er = 2.5 GHz.13 (D) all the three MCQ 9.in MCQ 9.1.30 cm (C) 0. b = 0.17 : A strip line transmission line has the ground plane separation.1.5 # 108 m/s (B) 1.1.592 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.15 Common Data for Question 16 .97 # 108 m/s (D) 1.5 # 108 m/s m The cutoff frequency of TM 1 mode in an air filled parallel plate wave guide is 2.1.co.nodia. the phase velocity of TE 1 mode at cutoff is v p1 .14 (A) 2.1. the phase velocity of TM 2 mode at cutoff will be (A) v p1 (B) 2v p1 v (C) p1 (D) 2 v p1 2 w.07 # 108 m/s MCQ 9. MCQ 9. The phase velocity of the TE 1 mode at cutoff will be co (C) 3.1h between it’s plates. n2 = 2. So.5 # 108 m/s (D) 2.47 cm (B) 0. If the guide is operating at wavelength l = 3 cm then what will be the group velocity of TE 3 mode ? (B) 2 # 108 m/s (A) 9.2 # 108 m/s (C) 7. g at e he lp.

8 cm MCQ 9. (B) only 2 (A) only 1 (C) 1 and 2 both MCQ 9.1. co (D) TM 101 (D) None of these m The correct statement is .21 (B) TE 011 .19 The lowest order TM mode that can exist in a cavity resonator is (A) TM 111 (B) TM 110 (C) TM 011 MCQ 9.37 cm (C) 33.18 (D) 6.1.4 MHz (C) 450.7 cm (B) 3. TE 011 .e. TE 101 (C) TM 100 .41 cm (B) 70 cm (C) 2. b = 25 cm and c = 20 cm .7 MHz (D) 960.23 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. TE 101 he If the dimensions of cavity resonator are equal (i. ga te An air filled cavity resonator has the dimensions a > b > c .74 cm Consider the following statements 1.7 cm MCQ 9. TM 110 . a = b ) then the lowest order TE mode will be (A) TE 011 (B) TE 100 (D) (A) and (C) both lp.1. TM 111 (D) TM 110 . Which of the following modes are arranged in ascending order with respect to their resonant frequencies ? (A) TM 110 .1. TEM mode can not exist within a hollow waveguide.17 If the transmission line is operating at a frequency f = 3 GHz then what will be it’s guide wavelength ? (A) 29.1.co.1.nodia.. Any of the TM mode can’t be the dominant mode of propagation in rectangular waveguide.in MCQ 9.Chap 9 Wave Guides 593 For View Only Shop Online at www. The dimension of the cavity resonator is (A) 1.20 (C) TE 101 MCQ 9.1. 2. What is the resonant frequency of TE 101 mode ? (A) 781 MHz (B) 901.22 An airfilled. lossless cavity resonator has dimensions a = 40 cm .4 MHz An airfilled cubic cavity resonator ^a = b = c h has dominant resonant frequency of 15 GHz . TE 011 MCQ 9. TM 101 . TE 101 .5 cm (D) 3.

in MCQ 9.594 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only EXERCISE 9.2 Shop Online at www.1 MCQ 9. The plot of (c/v p) versus ^ fc /f h will be. g at e he lp. The magnetic field lines in the yz -plane will be (Assume the positive x -axis directs into the paper) m . (c is the velocity of wave in air) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.co.2. Consider the phase velocity of the EM wave in the waveguide is v p .2.nodia. co An electromagnetic wave is propagating in a parallel plate waveguide operating at TM 1 mode.2 An EM wave is propagating at a frequency ‘ f ’ in an air filled rectangular waveguide having the cutoff frequency ‘ fc ’.

in Statement for Linked Question 4 .2.4 If the cut-off frequencies of the waveguide for the modes TE 1 . wc3 then which of the following represents the correct relation between the cutoff frequencies ? (A) wc1 = wc2 = wc3 (B) wc1 < wc2 < wc3 (C) wc1 > wc2 > wc3 (D) wc1 wc3 = wc2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. If the cutoff frequency of the waveguide is fc then the plot of ^lg /lh versus ^ f/fc h will be .Chap 9 Wave Guides 595 For View Only Shop Online at www.3 An electromagnetic wave propagating at a frequency ‘ f ’ in free space has the wavelength ‘l’. co m MCQ 9. At the same frequency it’s wavelength in an airfilled waveguide is lg . wc2 .co.5 : A parallel plate waveguide is separated by a dielectric medium of thickness b with the constitutive parameters e and m MCQ 9.2. ga te he lp. TE 2 and TE 3 are respectively wc1 .nodia.

6 (C) 104 MW/m MCQ 9.in MCQ 9.7 w.5 GHz .596 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.2.2. TM 3 and TM 4 will be MCQ 9.2.432 GW/m A parallel plate waveguide filled of a dielectric ^er = 8.4h is constructed for operation in TEM mode only over the frequency range 0 < f < 1.5 GHz.2 MW/m (D) 1.20 cm GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e he lp.90 cm (B) 29 cm (C) 3. g A parallel plate waveguide operating at a frequency of 5 GHz is formed of two perfectly conducting infinite plates spaced 8 cm apart in air.8 ww An air filled parallel plate wave guide has the separation of 12 cm between it’s plates.45 cm (D) 1.2. The maximum allowable separation between the plates will be (A) 6. The guide is operating at a frequency of 2. What is the maximum average power per unit width of the guide that can be propagated without a voltage breakdown for TEM mode ? (A) 358 MW/m (B) 143. The maximum time average power that can be propagated per unit width of the guide for TM 1 mode without any voltage breakdown will be (Dielectric strength of air = 3 # 106 V/m ) (B) 414 MW/m (A) 828 MW/m (D) 207 MW/m (C) 716 MW/m MCQ 9.co. co m .5 The f -b curve (graph of frequency f versus phase constant b ) of the waveguide for the modes TM 2 .nodia.

2.10 (C) three MCQ 9.42 MCQ 9. b = 0.2 GHz (C) 9.28 GHz (D) 8.13 ww w. b = 0. l = 3.5 cm .40 with it’s refractive indices n1 and n2 is the slab thickness is 10 mm and n2 = 3.co. f = 5 GHz . An a # b airfilled rectangular waveguide is operating at a frequency.14 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.2 and er2 = 2.1 is operating at wavelength. If then what will be the maximum value of of TE and TM mode ? (A) 3. What will be it’s dimensions if the design frequency is 10% larger than the cutoff frequency of dominant mode while being 15 % lower than the cutoff frequency for the next higher order mode ? (A) a = 3.nodia.10 : A parallel plate waveguide having plate separation b = 18. MCQ 9. ga te A symmetric dielectric slab waveguide with it’s permittivities er1 = 2. If the average power density of the guide in this mode is Pav then what will be the relation between Pav and b ? (B) Pav \ b 2 (A) Pav \ b (C) Pav \ 1 (D) Pav is independent of b b A symmetric dielectric slab waveguide operating at wavelength.304 (C) 2.3 cm (D) a = 0. l = 2.3 cm .2.11 (D) four (B) a = 1.12 (C) 15 MCQ 9. b = 2.in Statement for Linked Question 9 .Chap 9 Wave Guides 597 For View Only Shop Online at www.1 mm .8 GHz (B) 16. If the slab thickness is d = 20 mm then how many modes can propagate in the slab ? (A) 8 (B) 25 (D) 24 A rectangular waveguide operating in TE 10 mode has the phase constant b .2.3 n1 for which it supports only a single pair (B) 3.6 mm .4 cm MCQ 9.9 The frequency ‘ f0 ’ at which the TM 1 mode propagates through the guide without suffering any reflective loss is (A) 12.2.2.44 GHz MCQ 9.1 mm is partially filled with two lossless dielectric with permittivity er1 = 2 and er2 = 1.9 cm (C) a = 0.37 cm .7 cm co m How many TM modes that can propagate in the guide at the frequency f0 ? (A) one (B) two . b = 0.1 cm .2.20 (D) 3.05 .

1. g An air filled waveguide is of square cross-section of 4. What will be the required length ‘l ’ to achieve attenuation of 100 dB between I/P and O/P guides ? at e lp.2.2.4c (C) 41.6c (B) 37.5 cm on each side.2 cm (B) 2.co. The operating frequency is 6 GHz and the dimension of the guide is a = 4.nodia.2.16 (C) c/n 3 he If the refractive indices of the mediums are related as n1 > n2 > n 3 the maximum phase velocity of a guided mode will be (A) n 3 c (B) c/n1 (D) c/n2 (c is velocity of wave in free space) MCQ 9. n2 = 1.4c MCQ 9.16 : An asymmetric slab waveguide has the different mediums above and below the slab as shown in figure. The regions above and below the slab have refractive indices n2 and n 3 respectively while the slab has refractive index n1 MCQ 9. The wavelength of the TE 22 mode wave in the guide is (A) 4.15 If n1 = 2.8 . n 3 = 2.18 w.598 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.572 cm as shown in figure.3 cm MCQ 9.2. The waveguide propagates energy in the TE 22 mode at 6 GHz.in Common Data for Question 15 . then the minimum possible wave angle for the wave propagation will be (A) 48.1c co m .7 . (D) 54.17 (C) 5.72 cm (D) 1.18 cm GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww An attenuator is formed by using a section of waveguide of length ‘l ’ operating below cutoff frequency.

87 line is operating at a frequency.12 dB/m (D) 3.87 cm 0.83 cm 1. TE 21 . (A) 2.03 dB/m MCQ 9. TM 11 .28 cm (D) 0.in (B) 20.705 dB/m (C) 6. TE 01 (D) TE 11 .83 (C) 0.20 The first four propagating modes of a circular waveguide are respectively (A) TM 01 .22 ww w. TM 12 m .3 cm (C) 5.2.21 (C) 0. co (B) TM 11 .2 lp. f = 10 GHz .158 cm Common Data for Question 23 . TM 02 .74 GHz (D) 3.5 cm .22 : MCQ 9.7 cm (D) 12.23 The resonant frequency of the cavity resonator for TE 101 mode will be (A) 6. TM 21 .83 cm (B) 0.23 dB/m (B) 0.34 GHz (C) 7. TM 11 (C) TE 11 .76 (B) 2.87 GHz GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he A microstrip line has the substrate thickness d = 0.8 and tan d = 0. TE 01 Statement for Linked Question 21 . a = 1.07 cm is operating in TE 10 mode at a frequency. TE 21 . MCQ 9.002 then the attenuation constant due to dielectric loss will be (A) 12.Chap 9 Wave Guides 599 For View Only (A) 10. If the waveguide is filled with a dielectric material having er = 8. TM 01 .158 (D) 18.19 Shop Online at www.76 cm 18.nodia. ga te If the characterisitc impedance of the guide is 100 W then what will be the width of microstrip.36 cm MCQ 9. TE 21 .2.14 cm If the transmission permittivity ee and ee (A) 1.7 cm A rectangular waveguide with the dimension. TE 01 . e = 3e0 ).2. f = 8 GHz then the effective guide wavelength lg will be lg 2.2 cm MCQ 9. b = 2 cm and c = 5 cm is filled with a lossless material ( m = m0 .2.24 : A rectangular cavity resonator with dimensions a = 2.co.2.616 cm with er = 2.7 GHz (B) 6.

77 cm (B) 0. at e he (C) 1.8 # 107 S/m ) (A) 7733 (B) 14358 (C) 6625 MCQ 9.26 (D) 4.in MCQ 9. The cutoff frequency for TE 11 mode will be ^pl11 = 1.2.2.405h ww *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .24 If the resonator is made of copper then the quality factor for TE 101 mode is (Conductivity of copper r = 5.53 cm lp.nodia. w.38 cm (D) 0. g The radius a of the cylindrical cavity will be (A) 0.71 GHz A cylindrical cavity shown in the figure below is operating at a wavelength of 2 cm in the dominant mode.841h (A) 0.79 GHz MCQ 9.co.600 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.2.19 cm co m An air filled circular waveguide has it’s inner radius 1 cm.25 (D) 11075 (C) 8.55 GHz (B) 49.3 GHz ^p 01 = 2.

E p = 360p (C) er = 9. Which one of the following statements is TRUE? (A) The TM 10 mode of the waveguide does not exist (B) The TE 10 mode of the waveguide does not exist (C) The TM 10 and the TE 10 modes both exist and have the same cut-off frequencies (D) The TM 10 and the TM 01 modes both exist and have the same cut-off frequencies MCQ 9.280py) ax A/m . (D) v p = 0 co m The magnetic field among the propagation direction inside a rectangular waveguide with the cross-section shown in the figure is Hz = 3 cos (2.2 GATE 2011 The modes in a rectangular waveguide are denoted by TE mn or TM mn where m and n are the eigen numbers along the larger and smaller dimensions of the waveguide respectively. ga te he lp.1 GATE 2012 The phase velocity v p of the wave inside the waveguide satisfies (A) v p > c (B) v p = c (C) 0 < v p < c MCQ 9.3 GATE 2011 The electric and magnetic fields for a TEM wave of frequency 14 GHz in a homogeneous medium of relative permittivity er and relative permeability mr = 1 are given by E = E p e j (wt .in MCQ 9.3.Chap 9 Wave Guides 601 For View Only EXERCISE 9.3.283 # 1010 t . E p = 120p GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.618 # 102 y) cos (6.co. the relative permittivity er of the medium and the electric field amplitude E p are (A) er = 3.280py) az V/m and H = 3e j (wt .3 Shop Online at www. E p = 360p (D) er = 9. the intrinsic impedance of free space to be 120p .094 # 102 x) cos (2.nodia.3. E p = 120p (B) er = 3.bz) . Assuming the speed of light in free space to be 3 # 108 m/s .

75 GHz co m (B) Only Q has no cutoff-frequency .bz) ay a h a Where H0 is a constant. g at e The E field in a rectangular waveguide of inner dimension a # b is given by wm E = 2 a p k H 0 sin b 2px l sin (wt .6 GATE 2007 (B) TM 11 (C) TM 20 (D) TE 10 MCQ 9.3.3.0 GHz (D) 3.3.in MCQ 9.3. The minimum operating frequency is (A) 6. The inner broad .602 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia. and a and b are the dimensions along the x -axis and the y -axis respectively.3.9 GATE 2005 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.4 Which of the following statements is true regarding the fundamental mode of the GATE 2009 metallic waveguides shown ? (A) Only P has no cutoff-frequency (C) Only R has no cutoff-frequency (D) All three have cutoff-frequencies MCQ 9. A rectangular waveguide of internal dimensions (a = 4 cm and b = 3 cm) is to be operated in TE11 mode.5 GATE 2008 (C) 5. The wave impedance of the TE 20 mode of propagation in the waveguide at a frequency of 30 GHz is (free space impedance h0 = 377 W ) (A) 308 W (B) 355 W (D) 461 W A rectangular wave guide having TE 10 mode as dominant mode is having a cut off frequency 18 GHz for the mode TE 30 .25 GHz (B) 6.8 GATE 2006 ww An air-filled rectangular waveguide has inner dimensions of 3 cm # 2 cm.7 GATE 2007 (C) 400 W MCQ 9.co.wall dimension of the rectangular wave guide is (A) 5 cm (B) 5 cm 3 (C) 5 cm (D) 10 cm 2 Which one of the following does represent the electric field lines for the mode in the cross-section of a hollow rectangular metallic waveguide ? MCQ 9.3. The mode of propagation in the waveguide is (A) TE 20 he lp.0 GHz MCQ 9.

nodia. co (B) less than the velocity of light in free space m The phase velocity of an electromagnetic wave propagating in a hollow metallic rectangular waveguide in the TE 10 mode is (A) equal to its group velocity .co.0 cm # 1.0 GHz (D) 12. The cut-off frequency for the dominant mode is (A) 2. why is the microwave signal amplitude modulated at 1 kHz (A) To increase the sensitivity of measurement (B) To transmit the signal to a far-off place (C) To study amplitude modulations MCQ 9.12 GATE 2003 A rectangular metal wave guide filled with a dielectric material of relative permittivity er = 4 has the inside dimensions 3.Chap 9 Wave Guides 603 For View Only Shop Online at www.14 GATE 2001 The phase velocity of wave propagating in a hollow metal waveguide is (A) grater than the velocity of light in free space (B) less than the velocity of light in free space (C) equal to the velocity of light free space (D) equal to the velocity of light in free GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2 cm.in MCQ 9.3.5 GHz MCQ 9.13 GATE 2002 The phase velocity for the TE 10 -mode in an air-filled rectangular waveguide is (c is the velocity of plane waves in free space) (A) less than c (B) equal to c (C) greater than c (D) none of these MCQ 9.3.5 GHz (B) 5.3.3.10 GATE 2004 (C) equal to the velocity of light in free space (D) greater than the velocity of light in free space MCQ 9. ga te (D) Because crystal detector fails at microwave frequencies he lp.0 GHz (C) 10.11 GATE 2004 In a microwave test bench.3.

the critical wavelength would be (A) 8 cm (B) 16 cm (C) 4 cm (D) 32 cm 2 2 g = a mp k + a np k .18 GATE 1999 Assuming perfect conductors of a transmission line.22 IES EC 2012 (C) TEM waves at e (B) air-filled cylindrical waveguide GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.3.20 IES EC 2012 w.3.3.21 IES EC 2012 ww The ratio of the transverse electric field to the transverse magnetic field is called as (A) wave guide impedance (B) wave guide wavelength (D) Poynting vector Consider a rectangular waveguide of internal dimensions 8 cm # 4 cm .3.3.co. A rectangular waveguide has dimensions 1 cm # 0.17 GATE 2000 (C) 15 GHz MCQ 9. pure TEM propagation is NOT possible in (A) coaxial cable (C) parallel twin-wire line in air (D) semi-infinite parallel plate wave guide GATE 1999 (C) TM 110 MCQ 9.w2 me represents the propagation constant in a rectangular a b waveguide for (A) TE waves only (B) TM waves only MCQ 9.5 cm.3.604 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.3. because this mode has GATE 2001 (A) the highest cut-off wavelength (B) no cut-off (C) no magnetic field component (D) no attenuation MCQ 9. Its cut-off frequency is (A) 5 GHz (B) 10 GHz (D) 12 GHz co (D) TE and TM waves m A TEM wave is incident normally upon a perfect conductor.19 Indicate which one of the following will NOT exist in a rectangular resonant cavity.3. The E and H field at the boundary will be respectively.nodia. (A) minimum and minimum . Assuming an H 10 mode of propagation.16 GATE 2000 (B) maximum and maximum (C) minimum and maximum (D) maximum and minimum MCQ 9.15 The dominant mode in a rectangular waveguide is TE 10 . g MCQ 9.in MCQ 9. (A) TE 110 (B) TE 011 (D) TM 111 (C) phase velocity MCQ 9.

27 IES EC 2010 An air-filled rectangular waveguide has dimensions of a = 6 cm and b = 4 cm .3. TE 20 and TE 01 modes only (D) TE 10.506 GHz GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. 1. 2.215 cm .co. d. TE 01 and TE 11 modes .3.26 IES EC 2010 (B) Microstrip lines cannot support pure TEM mode of propagation but shielded coaxial lines can (C) Both microstrip lines and shielded coaxial lines can support pure TEM mode of propagation (D) Neither microstrip lines nor shielded coaxial lines can support pure TEM mode of propagation.75 GHz 4. 3.in MCQ 9.5 GHz 3.nodia. m (C) TE 10. The cavity resonator does not posses as many modes as the corresponding waveguides does. (C) 3 only MCQ 9. The resonant frequency of a cavity resonator can be changed by altering its dimensions. 2.755 cm IES EC 2010 and b = 2.506 GHz 4.25 IES EC 2010 2.3. MCQ 9. c. At 12 GHz.23 With the symbols having their standard meaning. 4. co Consider the following statements relating to the cavity resonator : 1. 3. b. TE 20. cut-off frequency (frequency IES EC 2012 below which wave propagation will not (occur) for a rectangular waveguide is 1 mp 2 np 2 mp np (B) (A) 1 a a k+a b k a a k +a b k 2p me me 1 mp + np mp 2 np 2 (C) (D) 1 a a k a b k a a k +a b k 2p me me MCQ 9. ga te The correct statement is (A) Microstrip lines can support pure TEM mode of propagation but shielded coaxial lines cannot he Which of the above statements is/are correct ? (A) 2 and 3 only (B) 2 only (D) 1.3. The resonant frequencies of cavities are very closely spaced.24 A standard air filled waveguide WR-187 has inside wall dimensions of a = 4. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : List I TE 10 TE 01 TE 11 TM 11 List II a.Chap 9 Wave Guides 605 For View Only Shop Online at www. it will support (A) TE 10 mode only (B) TE 10 and TE 20 modes only MCQ 9. The signal frequency is 3 GHz.3. 2 and 3 lp.

2 and 3 (B) 1 and 2 (C) 2. Wavelength l = l0 .in b 2 2 3 3 c 3 3 2 2 d 4 1 4 1 a 1 4 1 4 (B) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 9. Which of the above statements is/are correct ? (A) 1. the group velocity vg and speed of light c ? (A) v p > c > vg he lp. Reason (R) : For a TEM wave to exist within the waveguide.29 IES EC 2009 (B) v p < c < vg (C) v p = c = vg (D) v p < vg < c MCQ 9. 4.nodia. 3.3. Conductor losses increase with decreasing characteristic impedance.28 IES EC 2010 Shop Online at www. lines of H field must be closed loops which requires an axial component of E which is not present in a TEM wave. w. where ee is the effective dielectric constant and l0 is the ee free space wavelength.3. The effective dielectric constant is greater than the dielectric constant of the air.30 IES EC 2009 Consider the following statements : In a microstrip line 1.3.co. 3 and 4 (D) 4 only GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww 2. what must be the relationship between the phase velocity v r .606 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Codes : (A) (B) (C) (D) MCQ 9. co Assertion (A) : TEM (Transverse Electromagnetic) waves cannot propagate within a hollow waveguide of any shape. (A) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A m . Electromagnetic fields exist partly in the air above the dielectric substrate and partly within the substrate itself. g at e For plane wave propagating in free space or two conductor transmission line.

34 IES EC 2009 (C) Transverse electromagnetic Consider the following statements : For a square waveguide of cross-section 3 m # 3 m it has been found 1.032 cm MCQ 9. 3.32 IES EC 2009 A standard waveguide WR90 has inside wall dimensions of a = 2. Which of the above statements are correct ? (A) 1 and 2 (B) 1. d. What is the cut-off waveguide for TE 01 mode ? (A) 4.33 IES EC 2009 (B) Transverse magnetic (D) Longitudinal MCQ 9. 2. ga te When a particular mode is exited in a waveguide.31 Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below IES EC 2009 the lists.co. 3 and 4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. at 6 GHz dominant mode will propagate. c.Chap 9 Wave Guides 607 For View Only Shop Online at www. there appears an extra electric component.016 cm . In what mode is the wave propagating ? (A) Transverse electric he lp.572 cm (B) 2. in the direction of propagation. 2 and 4 (C) 2 and 3 (D) 2.857 cm (A) (B) (C) (D) a 2 4 2 4 b 1 1 3 3 c 3 3 1 1 d 4 2 4 2 m Codes . 4. co (D) 1. 2. at 11 GHz only dominant modes and no higher order mode will propagate. List II (Modes of propagation) Quassi TEM Pure TEM TE/TEM Hybrid MCQ 9.3.3. 3.286 cm and b = 1. Strip line Hollow rectangular waveguide Microguide Corrugated waveguide 1. b.in MCQ 9. List I (Type of transmission structure) a.3. 4. at 7 GHz degenerate modes will propagate.nodia.3.286 cm (C) 2. at 4 GHz all the mode are evanescent.

a 1 1 2 2 b 2 3 3 1 c 3 2 1 3 co m .3.36 IES EC 2009 List II (Characteristic) 1. g Which one of the following is the correct statement ? A rectangular coaxial line can support (A) only TEM mode of propagation at e (B) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A. Evanescent mode b. TM 10 and TM 01 Codes (A) (B) (C) (D) MCQ 9. lp. where l is the wavelength.38 IES EC 2006 A rectangular waveguide (A) is gradually deformed first into a circular wave guide (B) and lack again into a rectangular waveguide (C) which is oriented through 90c GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. 2 2 2 Reason (R) : k z + a mp k + a np k = b 2p l. 3. 2.3. List I (Mode) a.nodia. Rectangular waveguide does not support No wave propagation Lowest cut-off frequency (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 9. he Assertion (A) : A z -directed rectangular waveguide with cross-sectional dimensions 3 cm # 1 cm will support propagation at 4 GHz.in MCQ 9. Dominant mode c. 3 1 l (A) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.3. TE or TM mode of propagation MCQ 9.co.37 IES EC 2006 (B) both TEM and TE modes of propagation (C) either TE or TM mode of propagation (D) TEM.35 Match List with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below IES EC 2009 the lists.608 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.3.

For over-coupling the cavity terminals are at voltage maximum in the input line at resonance 2. Reason (R) : A microstrip line suffers from various forms of losses. ga te Assertion (A) : A microstrip line cannot support pure TEM mode of propagation.5 cm (D) 2.42 IES EC 2005 (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 9.Chap 9 Wave Guides 609 For View Only Shop Online at www. 4. For over-coupling the cavity terminals are at the voltage minimum in the input line at resonance For under-coupling the normalized impedance at the voltage maximum is the standing wave ratio For over-coupling the input terminal impedance is equal to the reciprocal of the standing wave ratio Which of the statements given above are correct ? (A) 1 and 2 (B) 3 and 4 (C) 1 and 3 (D) 2 and 4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. which mode is excited in the output waveguide (C) ? (A) TE 10 (B) TE 01 (C) TE 11 MCQ 9.3.41 IES EC 2005 In a waveguide.3.nodia. 3.40 IES EC 2005 MCQ 9.43 IES EC 2004 Consider the following statements relating to the cavity resonators : 1.3. The inner broad wall dimension is given by : (A) 3 cm (B) 2 cm .3.3.in with respect to (A) If the input mode is TE 10 .5 cm m The cut-off frequency of the dominant mode of a rectangular wave guide having aspect ratio more than 2 is 10 GHz.39 IES EC 2005 (D) TM 11 The dominant mode in a circular waveguide is a : (A) TEM mode (B) TM 01 mode (C) TE 21 mode (D) TE 11 mode MCQ 9. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A he lp. co (C) 1. the evanescent modes are said to occur if : (A) The propagation constant is real (B) The propagation constant is imaginary (C) Only the TEM waves propagate (D) The signal has a constant frequency MCQ 9.co.

47 IES EC 2003 A waveguide operated below cut-off frequency can be used as (A) A phase shifter (B) An attenuator (C) An isolator (D) None of the above GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww For TE or TM modes of propagation in bounded media. 2 and 3 . lp. b. Coplanar waveguide Codes : a b c (A) 1 4 2 (B) 4 1 3 (C) 1 4 3 (D) 4 1 2 at e 4.co. Microstrip line is also called open strip line Radiation loss in microstrip line can be reduced by using thin high dielectric materials Conformal transformation technique is quite suitable for solving microstrip problems (C) 1.46 IES EC 2003 (B) is a linear function of frequency (C) is a non-linear function of frequency (D) can be frequency-dependent or frequency-independent depending on the source MCQ 9.3. 3 and 4 m Which of the statements given above are correct ? (A) 1.3. the phase velocity (A) is independent of frequency w.45 IES EC 2003 List-I a.3. Modes on microstrip lines are purely TEM 2. TE 2.3. 3.610 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www. 2 and 4 MCQ 9.nodia.in MCQ 9.44 Consider the following statements relating to the microstrip lines : IES EC 2004 1. List-II Quasi TEM Hybrid TEM Match List I (Dominant Mode of Propagation) with List II (Type of transmission Structure) and select the correct answer : co (B) 2. c. 3. g d. d 3 2 2 3 he 1. 4. Coaxial line Rectangular waveguide Microstrip line MCQ 9. 3 and 4 (D) 1.

This is called (A) velocity propagation (B) normal velocity (C) group velocity (D) phase velocity GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. (A) guided wavelength is never less than free space wavelength (C) TEM mode is possible if the dimensions of the waveguide are properly chosen (D) Propagation constant is always a real quantity MCQ 9. the axial current must necessarily be (A) a combination of conduction and displacement currents (B) time-varying conduction current and displacement current (C) time-varying conduction current and displacement current (D) displacement current only MCQ 9.Chap 9 Wave Guides 611 For View Only Shop Online at www.3.49 Assertion (A) : The greater the ‘Q ’. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is IES EC 2002 (B) Both A and R are true R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 9.3.52 IES EC 2001 For a hollow waveguide. (A) Both A and R are true R is the correct explanation of A .3.co. The resulting mode is (A) transverse-electric (B) transverse-magnetic (C) longitudinal (D) transverse-electromagnetic MCQ 9.48 Assertion (A) : The quality factor Q of a waveguide is closely related to its IES EC 2003 attenuation factor a. Reason (R) : At high frequencies the Q of a coil falls due to skin effect. Reason (R) : Normally attenuation factors obtainable in waveguides are much higher than those obtainable in transmission lines.nodia.50 IES EC 2002 For a wave propagation in an air filled rectangular waveguide. co m MCQ 9.3. there appears an extra electric component in the direction of propagation. electromagnetic waves acquire an apparent velocity greater than the velocity of light in space.53 IES EE 2012 As a result of reflections from a plane conducting wall.3.3. the smaller the bandwidth of a resonant circuit.51 IES EC 2002 When a particular mode is excited in a wave-guide. ga te he (B) wave impedance is never less than the free space impedance lp.in MCQ 9.

in MCQ 9.56 IES EE 2007 How is the attenuation factor in parallel plate guides represented ? (A) a = Power lost/power transmitted (B) a = 2 # Power lost/power transmitted (C) a = Power lost per unit length/ (2 # power transmitted) (D) a = Power lost/ (power lost + power transmitted) MCQ 9.3. 3.3. At intermediate frequency the propagation constant is zero and wave cut off. 4. lp. At low frequency the propagation constant is real and wave does not propagate.co.55 IES EE 2009 Consider the following statements in connection with cylindrical waveguides : 1. Reason (R) : The penetration depth is inversely proportional to the square root of the frequency. (A) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (B) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are individually true but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A) (C) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is false (D) Assertion (A) is false but Reason (R) is true MCQ 9.57 IES EE 2004 (B) high pass filter (C) band pass filter (D) band stop filter ww Which one of the following statements is correct? A wave guide can be considered to be analogous to a (A) low pass filter GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w. co (D) 2. 3 and 4 m . Which of these statements is/are correct ? (A) 1.54 Assertion (A) : A thin sheet of conducting material can act as a low-pass filter for IES EE 2011 electromagnetic waves.612 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www. g at e (C) 2 and 3 only *********** he At transition condition the cut-off frequency is inversely proportional to the eigen values of the Bessel function for the respective TE nr mode. At high frequency the propagation constant is imaginary and wave propagates.3. 2 and 3 (B) 2 only MCQ 9. 2.3.nodia.

49 W .2 Option (A) is correct. f = 2fc. mn So.1. comparing equation (1) and (2) we get mpx = 20px & m = 2 a n py = 25py & n = 1 b Thus. the waveguide is operating in TM mn (Transverse magnetic) mode. Given. npy -jbz (2) Ezs = Eo sin a mpx k sin a e a n k where a and b are the dimensions of waveguide and since. he lp. electric field intensity of the propagating wave is (1) Ezs = 5 sin ^20px h sin ^25py h e-jbz V/m So.co. we compare the phasor form of electric field to its general equation given as. The intrinsic impedance of an airfilled waveguide for TM mode is defined as 2 f hTM = h0 1 .c cmn m f Since.Chap 9 Wave Guides 613 For View Only SOLUTIONS 9. If there is no any propagating mode inside the waveguide then energy in the propagating mode is zero. A wave mode propagates in a waveguide only if it’s frequency is greater than cutoff frequency. Since. we get a = 10 cm and b = 4 cm Now.in SOL 9. Option (C) is correct.b 1 l = 32.1 SOL 9. i. Both the statements are correct and R is correct explanation of A. we conclude that the wave is propagating in az direction.6. the wave has it’s component of electric field in the direction of propagation so. the operating frequency is twice the cutoff frequency i.3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.1 Shop Online at www. co m .1.1. the waveguide has the dimension 10 # 4 cm so. average power flow down the waveguide below cutoff frequency is zero. ga te Option (A) is correct. So.nodia. we get the intrinsic wave impedance as 2 hTM = 377 1 . Now for determining the value of m and n . 327 W 2 mn mn SOL 9.e. the mode of propagation of wave is TM 21 .e.

in SOL 9.4 Option (D) is correct.r22 zs x h 2 E r 2 zs and Eys =. for the TM mode the electric field components in phasor form are given as E Exs =. Relative permittivity of dielectric er = 2.8 # 10 Hz Therefore.1. f = 7. the given electric field component is Ezs = E 0 sin ^50px h sin ^40py h e-rz V/m So.1. So.5 # 109 Hz . the phase constant is given as 10 2p f b = w me = mr er = 2p # 108 # ^1.2 rad/m c 3 # 10 The group velocity of the wave in TEM mode will be equal to its phase velocity in the unbounded dielectric medium GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (A) is correct.2 y h 2 Since.r2 ^40ph Eo sin ^50px h cos ^40py h e-rz h Therefore.nodia.6 Option (D) is correct.25 cot ^50px h tan ^40py h w. Unbounded phase velocity. the cut-off frequency of the waveguide is given as 8 2 2 fc = c a m k + a n k = 3 # 10 ^20h2 + ^25h2 2 2 a b 9 = 4.r2 ^50ph E 0 cos ^50px h sin ^40py h e-rz h and Eys =. the phase constant of the wave inside the waveguide is defined as f 2 2p f f 2 .1 m and. Exs =.1. the electric field component exists in the direction of propagation so it will be operating in TM (Transverse magnetic) mode. a = 10 cm = 0.25 Relative permeability of the dielectric.8h2 3 # 10 = 220. n = 1 Operating frequency. For View Only Shop Online at www.5h2 .f c2 b = w 1 -c c m = vp c f f2 = 2p 8 # 109 ^7.co.5h = 314.614 Wave Guides Chap 9 SOL 9.7 rad/m co m . the ratio of the components is Exs = 50p cot 50px tan 40py ^ h ^ h 40p Eys = 1. Since.5 GHz = 7.^4. (air filled) v p = c = 3 # 108 m/s So. f = 10 GHz = 1010 Hz Since. the waveguide is operating in TEM mode so. The dimensions of wave guide. mr = 1 Operating frequency. m = 2. g at e he lp. b = 4 cm The mode of propagation.5 SOL 9.

ga te he lp.5 # 10-2 m = 5 cm = 5 # 10-2 m = 15 GHz = 15 # 109 Hz =0 SOL 9. s = 2.e.co.nodia. f Conductivity of medium.1.e. the cutoff frequency of the airfilled waveguide is given as 2 2 fc = c a m k + a n k 2 a b 8 2 1 9 = 3 # 10 b 5 10-2 l + 0 = 3 # 10 2 # The group velocity of the EM wave in the waveguide is given as 2 9 f 2 vg = c 1 . Option (A) is correct. for TM 11 mode 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 a = 2b fc1 = 1 ba l + bb l = ba l + ba l 2 me 2 mf = 5c 1 m 2a me Similarly.75 # 10 8 = 1.Chap 9 Wave Guides 615 For View Only i.. a and b Operating frequency. Dimensions of waveguide.1.8 Option (D) is correct. for TM 12 mode 1 1 2 2 2 fc2 = 1 b a l + b b l = 17 c 2a me m 2 me 1 1 2 For TE 10 mode fc3 = 1 ba l + 0 = 2a me 2 me co m (lossless dielectric) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .75 GHz = 3. cutoff frequency for ^TEhmn or ^TMhmn mode is defined as m 2 n 2 ^ fc hmn = 1 a a k +ab k 2 me Now.5 cm = 2. In an a # b rectangular waveguide.c 3 # 10 9 m f 3.7 vg = v p = Shop Online at www. m = 1 and n = 0 ) so.9 ww w.in 1 = c = 2 # 108 m/s me mr er For TE 20 mode fc4 = 1 2 me 1 2 2 b a l + 0 = 2c 2a me m So comparing cutoff frequencies of all the modes we get the modes in ascending order of cutoff frequencies as TE 10 < TE 20 < TM 11 < TM 12 SOL 9.8 # 10 m/s Option (C) is correct.1. Dimensions of wave guide a = 5 cm = 5 # 10-2 m and b = 3 cm = 3 # 10-2 m Operating frequency. SOL 9.c c m = 3 # 108 1 .75 # 109 Hz Since operating mode of the waveguide is TE 10 (i. f = 3.

So.b 8.nodia. i.1 # 10 n#4 Therefore. putting the known values in the expression. we get (n = 2 ) 2 # 10-3 = 2b er 2 -3 b = 2 # 10 er Now.e.1. m = 2 and n = 0 ) So. Given.1 # 10-2 # 2 # 2 # 10 n er -3 n # 4 # 10 -2 0. the cutoff wavelength for TM n or TE n mode for a parallel plate waveguide is defined as 2b (1) ^lc hn = n er where b is the separation between parallel plates of the waveguide and er is relative permittivity of the medium.. TE 2 . the cutoff frequency of the waveguide in the TE 20 mode is given as 2 m 2 n 2 3 # 108 2 fc = 1 a a k +ab k = b 2. er = 2 Relative permeability. from equation (1) for the propagation of wavelength l = 0.5 10-2 l 2 me # 2 mr er 9 = 8. g at e he lp. the cutoff frequency for TM 2 mode is -3 ^lc h2 = 2 mm = 2 # 10 m Since. TE 4 . For View Only Shop Online at www.e.1 # 10-2 # 2b er b -3 er 0. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (D) is correct.co.in Relative permittivity. for any n mode to propagate the operating wavelength must be less than or equal to the cutoff frequency.616 Wave Guides Chap 9 SOL 9.1 cm we have the relation as 0. there are nine possible modes that can propagate in the waveguide. TM 3 and TM 4 Thus. TM 1 . the possible modes that can propagate in the waveguide are TEM. TM 2 .5 l p 15 = 323 W \ 20 co m . l # ^lc hn w. mr = 1 The operating mode of the waveguide is TE 20 mode (i. TE 1 .10 So. TE 3 .5 # 10 The wave impedance for the TE 20 mode is given as h mr 1 hTE = = h0 er f fc 2 f 2 1 -c m 1 -c c m p f f 1 = 377 1 2 2f 1 .

the operating frequency of the waveguide is defined as f =c l where l is the operating wavelength. er = 2.5 # 109 Hz Since. he lp. Cutoff frequency of ^TMh1 mode. l = 3 cm = 3 # 10-2 m The cutoff frequency of ^TEh3 mode of the parallel plate waveguide is given as ^ fc h3 = 3 ^ fc h1 = 3 # 2. b = 20 mm = 20 # 10-3 m Relative permittivity of medium. all the three modes will propagate. cutoff frequency is defined as ^ fc hn = n 2b me So.nodia. f = 16 GHz For propagation of wave the operating frequency must be greater than the cutoff frequency of ^TEhn or ^TMhn mode of parallel plate waveguide i. the maximum allowed mode is n =3 Since.1. ^ fc h1 = 2.co. So.12 SOL 9.5 # 109 Hz = 7.11 Option (D) is correct. f > ^ fc hn n f > 2b m0 e0 er n < 2fb m0 e0 er -3 9 n < 2 # 16 # 10 # 820 # 10 # 2. the operating frequency of the parallel plate waveguide is 8 f = 3 # 10 2 = 1010 Hz 3 # 10 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. therefore.Chap 9 Wave Guides 617 For View Only Shop Online at www.1 3 # 10 n < 3.5 # 109 Hz Operating wavelength.1 Operating frequency.1.5 GHz = 2. for TM n mode of parallel plate waveguide. fmin = fc = 15 GHz = 15 # 109 Hz Since. co or m 15 # 109 = 3 # ^3 # 108h 2 # 10-2 er er = 3 er = 9 ^ fc h3 = fmin .in SOL 9. ga te Option (D) is correct.09 So.1. b = 10 mm = 10-2 m Minimum operating frequency. Plate separation. Plate separation. for ^TMh3 mode ^n = 3h we have the cutoff frequency as 3 ^ fc h3 = 2b m0 e0 er SOL 9. all the modes given in the option are in the range.13 Option (C) is correct.e.

er = 8.5 Option (A) is correct.441 b er Z 0 w = 30p .18 Option (B) is correct.37 cm ^ 8.14 SOL 9.1.1.16 Option (C) is correct. the integral GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww SOL 9.. the group velocity of TE 3 mode is given as ^ fc h 2 1 1 -e 3 o ^vg h3 = f m0 e0 9 2 = 3 # 108 1 . c is velocity of waver in free space. Option (C) is correct. The magnetic field lines must form closed paths in this transverse plane.0.8 Since.c 7. Guide wavelength of a stripline is defined as.15 SOL 9. the phase velocity of TM 2 mode will be equal to that of TM 1 mode. g at e he SOL 9. Since. f is the operating frequency and er is the relative permittivity of the medium. Z 0 = 35 So. So. lg = c e f where. From Ampere’s law. Relative permittivity of material. v p2 = v p1 co m .in Therefore. At cutoff the mode propagates in the slab at the critical angle which means that the phase velocity will be equal to that of a plane wave in upper or lower media of refractive index n2 . i.618 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.nodia. The phase velocity at cutoff is independent of the mode and equal to the phase velocity of a plane wave in unbounded media. er Z 0 = 8. the phase velocity at cutoff will be 8 v p = c = 3 # 10 = 1. In this case the magnetic field must lie solely in the transverse xy -plane. the width to separation ratio of strip line transmission line is given as w = 30p .441 0.632 cm Characteristic impedance.1.2 # 108 m/s n2 2.0.8 h^3 # 109h w.295 lp.5 # 10 m = 2 # 108 m/s 1010 SOL 9.632 ^ 8. er Z 0 < 120 Therefore.1. since d : H = 0 .8 (35) = 103.co. b = 0.8 h^35h w = 0.17 Option (C) is correct.8 Separation between strip line. Statement 1 Suppose on the contrary the TEM mode existed. So.e. in the given problem the phase velocity of TM 2 mode is to be determined for same waveguide so.1. we get 3 # 108 lg = = 3.

So. . the lowest order of TE mode is if TE 011 a<b if TE 101 a>b As the dimensions of the cavity resonator are equal (a = b ) so.co. TE 101 . neither m nor n can be zero however p can be zero. both the TE 101 and TE 011 are lowest order mode. TM mode can’t be the dominant mode of propagation in rectangular waveguide. co Option (C) is correct. the dimensions of cavity resonator are related as (1) a >b>c The condition for propagating TE and TM modes in a cavity resonator are as follows : (1) for TM mnp mode. mn is clearly minimized when either m or n is zero.Chap 9 Wave Guides 619 SOL 9.1. resonant frequency is defined as p 2 1/2 1 m 2 n 2 fmmp = :a a k + a b k + a c k D 2 m0 e0 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. TE mnp mode of cavity resonator can have either m = 0 or n = 0 (but not both at a time) where as p can’t be zero for TE mode so.in of this transverse magnetic field around these closed paths must yield the axial conduction or displacement current. ga te SOL 9. Now. no axial displacement current can exist.21 Option (D) is correct. For a TM mnp mode. Also. Statement 2 The dominant mode is the mode that has lowest cutoff frequency. m For View Only Shop Online at www. Since. he Option (D) is correct. TE 111 = TM 111 SOL 9. n and p using the relation defined in equation (1). fc. neither m nor n can be zero otherwise all field components vanish. however p can be zero. we get the lowest order mode will be TM 110 and the ascending order can be written as below : TM 110 . the lowest order TM mode is TM 110 . lp. Given.1. Therefore statement 1 is correct.22 Option (C) is correct. Since. comparing the resonant frequency for the different values of m. since there is no center conductor so. no axial conduction current can exist. In an airfilled cavity resonator. TM 01 or TM 10 mode doesn’t exist so.19 SOL 9. It is also correct statement. But Ez = 0 for the TEM mode so.20 (2) For TE mnp mode p can’t be zero but either m or n can be zero (but not both at a time) The resonant frequency of TM mnp or TE mnp mode in a cavity resonator is defined as 2 2 p 2 1/2 fmnp = 1 :a m k + a n k + a k D c b 2 me a So.1.1.nodia. TE 011 .

n or p equal to zero.e. The resonant frequency of a cavity resonator is defined as p 2 1/2 m 2 n 2 1 fmnp = :a a k + a b k + a c k D 2 m0 e0 Since. for TE 101 mode (m = p = 1.01388 # 10 Hz = 901. the dominant modes are TE 101 or TE 011 or TM 110 .620 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www. 22 E 2 a co Option (A) is correct. n = 0 ) the resonant frequency is 8 2 2 1/2 1 1 f101 = 3 # 10 . . g at e *********** he i. we get the resonant frequency as p 2 1/2 1 m 2 n 2 fmnp = :a a k + a b k + a c k D 2 m0 e0 m ^a = b = c h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.co.41 # 10 m = 1. 8 15 # 109 = 3 # 10 # 2 2 a -2 a = 1. Therefore.41 cm lp. taking any of m.b -2 l + b -2 l E 2 30 # 10 20 # 10 8 = 9.1.nodia. a = b = c so.41 cm a = b = c = 1.23 1/2 8 fmnp = 3 # 10 .4 MHz SOL 9.in So.

Hxs = H cos a k e-jbz h 0 b Therefore.bz h h b we cos py sin bz at t = 0 (1) Hx = a b k ^ h h As the EM wave is propagating in y -z plane so.1 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.Chap 9 Wave Guides 621 For View Only SOLUTIONS 9.ve 0. we conclude that the field intensity Hz depends on the values cosines and sines of the two variables defined as + ve 0 < y < 0.5 py cos a k = ) b . the waveguide is operating at TM n mode so.e. Since. the waveguide is operating at TM 1 mode (i. the phasor form of magnetic field of the EM wave will be given as jwe nxy -jbz Hxs = H cos a e h 0 b k Since. n = 1) jwe py So. in TM mode the y and z -components of the magnetic field intensity will be zero. the instantaneous magnetic field intensity of the wave is given as jwe py Hx = Re ' H cos a k e-jbz e jwt 1 h 0 b py =. Hy = H z = 0 Thus.ve p < bz < 2p Using these values we get the sketch of the field lines in the yz -plane as shown in the figure below where x -axis directs into the paper.co. i.2. he lp.nodia.in SOL 9.2 Shop Online at www.we H 0 cos a k sin ^wt .e. co m . the field will have the component only in z -direction for which we sketch the field lines in y -z plane. ga te Option (B) is correct. From equation (1).5 < y < 1 + ve 0 < bz < p sin bz = * .

2. g at e he lp.3 Option (A) is correct.nodia. The phase velocity of the EM wave in the guide is defined as vp = w b where w is the operating angular frequency and b is the phase constant inside the airfilled waveguide given as waveguide b = w 1 . Wavelength for a propagating wave inside the waveguide is defined as lg = 2p b where b is the phase constant of the wave in the waveguide given as f 2 b = w me 1 .2.622 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www. we get w vp = w 1 . So.in SOL 9. the graph between (c/v p) and ^ fc /f h will be as plotted below : m .2 Option (A) is correct.f /f 2 ^c h c 2 fc c 2 & b vp l + c f m = 1 The above equation is the equation of a circle.^ fc /f h2 c So.c c m f where fc is the cutoff frequency of the waveguide and f is the operating frequency GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.co. co SOL 9.

So. b = 0 ).in 2p & f 2 1 -c c m f 1 lg = 2p f 2 w m0 e0 1 -c c m f lg = b c l f f lg = l 1 f 2 1 -c c m f 1 f 2 1 -c c m f (for airfilled guide m = m0 . So.nodia. we get lg = w me Shop Online at www. for TE 1 mode wc1 = p b me So TE 2 mode wc2 = 2p b me GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.co.2. The propagation constant ^g h in the parallel plate waveguide is defined as 2 (1) g2 + w2 me = a np k b Since. we get 2 2 wc me = a np k b wc = np b me So.. e = e0 ) & p & f p & SOL 9. a = 0 ) g = jb Putting it in equation (1). we get 2 . the plot between ^ f/fc h and ^lg /lh is as sketched below : co m .1 Thus.Chap 9 Wave Guides 623 For View Only of the waveguide. ^ f/fc h2 lg = l ^ f/fc h2 .e. for lossless medium propagation constant is given as (attenuation constant.4 Option (C) is correct. ga te he lp. w = wc phase constant is zero (i.b 2 + w2 me = a np k b At the cutoff frequency.

phasor form of components of electric field and magnetic field intensity of a propagation wave are given as npy .co.624 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only For TE 3 mode wc3 = Shop Online at www.gz Eys = E 0 cos a e b k npy . we sketch the f -b curve as shown below : lp. wc1 < wc2 < wc3 SOL 9. the cut off frequency for TM 1 mode is given as 1 3 # 108 fc = = = 2.c c m f GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Operating frequency.2.gz E0 and e cos a Hxs =2 b k f h0 1 .6 Option (C) is correct. co m . g at e he Option (A) is correct. f = 5 GHz = 5 # 109 Hz Separation between the plates b = 6 cm = 6 # 10-2 m So.in 3p b me Comparing the three expressions we get.2.nodia. for TM 2 mode (n = 2 ) f 2 = 1 :b + 4 a b k D 2 4p me p 2 2 For TM 3 mode (n = 3 ) f 2 = 1 :b + 9 a b k D 2 4p me p 2 2 and for TM 4 mode (n = 4 ) f 2 = 1 :b + 16 a b k D 2 4p me Thus.b 2 + w2 pe = a np k b 2 & w2 me = b 2 + a np k b 2 & f 2 ^4p2 meh = b 2 + a np k b p 2 2 So. As calculated in previous question.5 # 109 Hz 2 # 6 # 10-2 2b m0 e0 For a parallel plate waveguide. the expression for the operating frequency of the wave in the waveguide is given as 2 .5 SOL 9. for the above obtained expressions for the frequencies at different modes.

we have the maximum average power as 2 ^3 # 106h ( ^E 0hmax = 3 # 106 V/m ) ^Pave hmax = wb 4 fc 2 h0 1 .gz Hxs =.c c m f 8 = 4.Chap 9 Wave Guides 625 For View Only Shop Online at www.c m f 2py 1 + cos b 2 2 b b l E0 E0 w = dy = wb 2 2 4 f 2 0 f 2 h0 1 .1 ^E 0hc.E 0 m wdy h0 2 0 2 2 = E 0 wb 2h 0 The maximum electric field. dS = "^ ys h^ xs h. Pave = Re & 1 Es # Hs)0 dS 2 b = 1 Re "-^Eys h^Hxs h. the average power is given as b 1 .135 # 10 = 414 MW/m # # # # lp. phasor form of electric and magnetic field components are given as Eys = E 0 e.7 Option (D) is correct.c c m h0 1 . 2 0 2 2 b py E0 cos2 a k dy =w 2 0 b fc 2 h0 1 .5 GHz = 2.E H (w dy) Pave = 1 Re "Es # Hs). the maximum average power propagated in the waveguide is 2 ^3 # 106h w ^0.in ww w. ga te # # SOL 9.12h ^Pave hmax = 2 # ^120ph he So.nodia. co GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia m # . ds =.c c m f f The maximum power propagation will be due to the maximum electric field in the medium (the dielectric strength of the medium).5 # 109 Hz For the TEM mode.c m f Putting all the values. f = 2.co.12 m Operating frequency. So.2.E 0 e. without any voltage breakdown is defined as the dielectric strength of the medium as given and as the dielectric strength of air is ^E 0hmax = 3 # 106 V/m So. the average power propagated in the waveguide is given as .gz h0 So. Separation between waveguide plates. b = 12 cm = 0. we get the average power per unit width as 2 ^Pave hmax ^3 # 106h 6 # 10-2 = # w 4 f 2 120p 1 .

q = 90c .nodia. 0 < f < ^ fc h1 1 or. the guide is to be operated only in TEM mode. co m .9c cos ^90c . i.345 m = 3. g ^Pave hmax = 1. the frequency for which there is no any reflective loss is given as ^ fc h1 f0 = cos q where q is ray angle that has the value.9c 2 The cutoff frequency for TM 1 mode in 1st medium (permittivity = er1 ) is given as 1 3 # 108 = ^ fc h1 = 2b m0 e0 er1 2 # 14. for TE 1 or TM 1 mode ^n = 1h we get 1 ^ fc h1 = 2b m0 e0 er Since. er = 8. So.432 # 109 = 1. we get 9 9 = 7. the maximum allowable separation between the plates is c 3 # 108 ( fmax = 1.5 GHz .4 The cutoff frequency in TEM mode is fc = 0 and the cutoff frequency in ^TEhn or ^TMhn mode is given as ^ fc hn = n 2b me So.52 # 10 Hz So. therefore.05 l = 35.45 cm at e he lp.1 # 10-3 2 9 = 7. f < 2b m0 e0 er 1 b < 2f m0 e0 er As the frequency inside the waveguide ranges in 0 < f < 1. Maximum operating frequency fmax = 1.5 # 109 # 8.9 Option (A) is correct.in Therefore. the maximum time average power propagated per unit width in the waveguide is SOL 9.2.8 SOL 9.co.8 GHz f0 = 7.5 # 109 Hz Relative permittivity of medium.52 # 10 sin 35. The Brewster’s angle for parallel polarized wave is given as tan qB || = e2 e1 qB || = tan-1 b 1. So.qB11h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.e.2.4 = 0.5 GHz ) = b max = 2fmax er 2 # 1. the operating frequency must be less than ^ fc h1 while it must be greater than 0 (cutoff frequency in TEM mode).qB ||.626 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.432 GW/m w Option (B) is correct.52 # 10 = 12.

As we have determined in the previous question.52 GHz So.1 2a ^3 # 108h # 1.nodia.8 GHz and the cutoff frequency for TM 1 mode is ^ fc h1 = 7. Consider the dominant mode of the waveguide is TE 10 . we get ^ fc h10 = 5 # 1 1. the cutoff frequency for TM 2 mode will be ^ fc h2 = 2 ^ fc h1 = 15.9 ^ fc h01 Since. the operating frequency f0 is below the cutoff frequency for TM 2 mode so. m .2. co Option (A) is correct. the next higher order mode of the waveguide will be TE 01 so.9 2b ^3 # 108h # 0. c = 5 # 109 1. the value of f0 is f0 = 12.9 b = = 2. SOL 9. only one mode ^TM 1h can propagate at the frequency f0 through the waveguide.11 ww w. TM 2 mode or the higher modes can’t propagate at the frequency f0 .1 ^ fc h10 = 0.12 Option (C) is correct. ga te he lp.7 cm 2 # ^5 # 109h SOL 9.3 cm 2 # ^5 # 109h 109 and ^ fc h01 = 5 # 9 0. the operating frequency of the waveguide is f = 5 GHz = 5 # 109 Hz 109 So.1 a = = 3. Since. c = 5 # 109 0.04 GHz Since. For a propagating mode TM n or TE n the cutoff wavelength of the symmetric GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia SOL 9. Therefore.in NOTE : Brewster’s angle is the incident angle of a plane wave at the interface of two mediums for which there is no any reflection in the medium.Chap 9 Wave Guides 627 For View Only Shop Online at www.2.10 Option (A) is correct. the cutoff frequency for the TE 10 mode is 1 c (for airfilled waveguide c = 1/ me ) ^ fc h10 = c # a = 2a 2 Now.2. the cut-off frequency for TE mn mode is defined as m 2 n 2 fc = 1 a a k +ab k 2 mf So. it’s cutoff frequency is given as c ^ fc h01 = 2b For the given condition design frequency will be f = 1.co.

TE 3 .2 .1 # 1. 2.1 = 1. co m . the average power in an EM wave is defined as Pav = 1 Re "Es # H). TM 4 .6 mm can propagate in the waveguide are n = 1.85 n # 5.26 # 10-5 lc = 2 # 20 # 10 n-1 n-1 Since the operating wave length must be lower than or equal to the cutoff wavelength i. we have the condition as -5 2. l # lc Therefore. no any other field component exists in the waveguide. So. 4. TM 2 . For a rectangular waveguide operating in TE 10 mode the phasor form of electric field is given as Eys = E 0 sin ^kx h e-jbz b Hxs =E sin kx e-jbz wm 0 ^ h Hzs = j K E 0 cos ^kx h e-jbz wm Since. TE 5 TM 1 . the wave is propagating in TE mode so. TE 2 . Thus. we get -6 2. for the propagation of wavelength l = 2.6 # 10 n .nodia.6 mm in the dielectric slab waveguide.2. 5. the possible values of n for which the wavelength l = 2. So it would lead to an imaginary part of the total power when cross product with Ey is taken. he lp. TM 5 and as TEM doesn’t exist in the dielectric slab waveguide so.er2 n-1 where er1 and er2 are the permittivities of dielectrics and d is the slab thickness.26 # 10 n-1 -5 n .6 # 10-6 # 1.1 # 4.628 Wave Guides Chap 9 SOL 9. the real power in the case is found through the cross product with complex conjugate of Hxs as below : b 2 2 Pav = 1 Re "Eys # H). TE 4 .e. s 2 Since. Hzs has a factor j . = 1 E sin ^kx h az xs 2 2 wm 0 Thus.co. Now. g at e For View Only Shop Online at www. 3.85 So.26 # 10 6 2.13 Option (A) is correct. total 10 modes can propagate for the operating wavelength. Pav \ b GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. TM 3 .in dielectric slab is defined as lc = 2d er1 . we get the possible modes as follows : TE 1 .2. Therefore.

in SOL 9.1 # 10-6 = he For View Only Shop Online at www. So. the minimum wave angle in the slab is determined for the greater of the two critical angles determined at two interfaces.2.^3. the operating wavelength l must be with in the range.3h2 # 3. the equation can be rewritten as 2 2 ^lc hn = 2d nn 1 .15 Option (A) is correct.e.3h2 2-1 -6 2 n 1 .2. co m . the refractive indices of the two mediums can be given as n1 = er1 and n2 = er2 So. the waveguide supports only a single pair of TE and TM modes.nodia. n3 > n2 It means the critical angle will be greater for n 3 media and given as qc3 = sin-1 a n 3 k = 48. the maximum value of n1 is 3. 3.6c.16 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. i.6c n1 Therefore.co.304. maximum phase velocity for the guided mode is SOL 9.14 Option (A) is correct. the condition obtained in equation (2) reduces to l $ ^lc h2 lp.n 2 -1 Since.Chap 9 Wave Guides 629 SOL 9. Phase velocity of a guided mode is defined as vp = w b So. the minimum possible wave angle will be 48. 2d er1 . i. Since.1 # 10 -6 2 # 10 # 10 n1 # 3.er2 (1) ^lc hn = n-1 where d is the thickness of slab n is the propagating mode. Option (D) is correct.^3.304 Thus. Putting n = 1 in equation (1) we get ^lc h1 = 3 Therefore. Cutoff wavelength for symmetric slab waveguide is defined as.e. it supports n = 1 mode and denies all the higher modes. The wave angle must be equal to or greater than the critical angle of total reflection at both interfaces. (2) ^lc h1 $ l $ ^lc h2 where (lc) 1 and (lc) 2 are the wavelengths for mode n = 1 and n = 2 respectively.2. Now. ga te 2 2 # 10 # 10-6 n 1 . Therefore. er1 and er2 are the relative permittivites of the mediums.

the cutoff frequency for TE 22 mode of waveguide of square cross section is 2 1 2 2 2 2 1/2 8 = 2 GHz fc = .17 (1) v p max = w bmin where bmin is the minimum phase constant given as (2) bmin = n1 k 0 sin qmin where qmin is the minimum possible wave angle.in lp. Given.co.k2 = b 2p l .b a l + b b l E = 3 # 10 # 2 m0 e0 0.e.^40ph2 ^a = 0. from the given relation for refractive index.2.c c m G = 2p # 6 #810 . co m .5 cm The cut off frequency of the rectangular waveguide is defined as 1 m 2 n 2 1/2 (fc) mn = :a a k + a b k D 2 m0 e0 Shop Online at www. at the interface of n1 and n2 ) which is given as sin qmin = sin qc.3 cm 118.1 . k 0 is the wave number in free space and n1 is the refractive index of propagating media (slab).1847 # 10 m Therefore. the cross-section dimension of the waveguide is a = b = 4. the attenuation constant of section of waveguide (attenuator) with dimension a/2 is given as 2 2 a = b p l . Now.04575 a/2 22 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. we get bmin = n1 k 0 n2 = n2 k 0 n1 Again putting the value of bmin in equation (1).nodia.18 So.47 b Option (C) is correct. we have n2 > n3 So. we get (velocity of wave in air. the operating frequency of the waveguide is f = 6 GHz = 6 # 109 Hz So.04572 mh 0.b 2 l E 6 f 3 # 10 2 -1 = 1. the wavelength of the TE 22 mode wave is l = 2p = 2p = 5. the wave number in the waveguide of dimension ‘a ’ is given as 9 2pf k = = 2p # 6 #810 = 40p c 3 # 10 Now. c = w ) v p max = w = c n2 n2 k0 k0 Given.045 The phase constant of the wave inside the waveguide is given as 9 2 1/2 f 2 1/2 b = w m0 e0 =1 . g at e he SOL 9.2.303 # 10-2 = 5.630 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only SOL 9. 12 = n2 n1 Putting it in equation (2). as described in previous question the minimum wave angle will be determined by larger critical angle (i.

11 21 So.3h2 . the total required attenuation is 100 dB along the attenuator so.8 h bk 0 = c l c 10 (c = 3 # 108 m/s ) = ^ 8. In a circular waveguide. er = 8. solving the equation we get.0107 m Operating frequency.co.100 dB = 20 log e.002 The phase constant of the EM wave inside the waveguide is defined as b = k2 . cutoff frequency for TE mn mode is given as l f cmn = P mn 2pa pe and the cutoff frequency for TM mn mode of the waveguide is given as fcmn = Pmn 2pa me where a is the cross sectional radius of waveguide.3h ^0.2. Pl and Pmn are the roots of mn the Bessel’s equation.3 m-1 So. Dimension of waveguide. 10-5 = e.2067 = 20. we get the increasing order of mn the modes with respect to their cutoff frequencies as shown below on the frequency axis : GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Their values are related as listed below in increasing order Pl < P01 < Pl < Pl01 = P11 < Pl31 < P21 < Pl41 and so on.^p/a h2 where k is the wave number in the unbounded medium given as (k 0 is wave number in free space) k = er k 0 2pf 2p f = ^ 8. (length travelled by wave in the small section of waveguide).63 Option (B) is correct.al l = 11.a p k 0.Chap 9 Wave Guides 631 For View Only Shop Online at www.63 Np/m Since.5h = 0.002h ad = 2b 2 ^547.5 m-1 Therefore.in SOL 9.12 dB/m he lp. f = 10 GHz = 10 # 109 Hz = 1010 Hz Permittivity of dielectric. Therefore.8 h 2p # 108 3 # 10 = 621. for the corresponding values of Pl and Pmn . ga te = 55. we have . a = 1.20 Option (D) is correct.0107 = 547.al where l is length of the attenuator.705 Np/m = 6.nodia.19 SOL 9.67 cm 55. the attenuation constant due to dielectric loss is given as 2 k2 tan d = ^621.2.8 and tan d = 0. co m .07 cm = 0. the phase constant of the wave along the waveguide is 2 b = ^621.5 = 0.

283 cm at e he where A = Z 0 er + 1 + er .2 + 1 + b 2. 2 and therefore.23 + 0. we assume d < 2 .11 l = 2. g A = 100 2.896h # ^0.2 As the obtained value of (w/d) is less than 2 so.2 co for w < 2 d SOL 9.nodia. Option (C) is correct.1 lb 0. our assumption was correct and we have w = 0.2 .896 < 2 d e2 # 2. w = ^0.896 d or.1 2 2 1 + 12d w ^2. the first four propagating modes are respectively TE 11 . So.896 = 1.2 Characteristic impedance of line. TM 01 .2 + 1h 2.316h = 0.1 c 0.2.co. we get m Thus.896 d So.21 = 0.22 Option (A) is correct.21 . 2 + 1 2. TE 01 or TM 11 .632 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.11 m 60 2 er + 1 er w Now. As calculated in previous question the width to thickness ratio is w = 0.2.758 Therefore the guided wavelength of the EM wave is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.21 60 2 2. the effective value of permittivity is given as 1 ee = er + 1 + er . er = 2.896h # d = ^0. Given Thickness of substrate. TE 21 . Z 0 = 100 W The width to thickness ratio (w/d) is defined as w = 8eA d e2A .23 + 0. d = 0.2 .316 cm Relative permittivity of substrate.1 1 = + 2 2 1 + 12 0. the width to thickness ratio is w = 8e2.21 lp.in SOL 9.

7 . The quality factor of TE 101 mode is defined as 2 2 ^a + c h abc QTE = d 62b ^a3 + c3h + ac ^a2 + c2h@ where d is skin depth given as 1 d = pfr m0 sc where fr " resonant frequency for the defined mode. 7733 co Option (D) is correct. Now.5h + ^5 h B^2.b 1 l + b 1 l E 0.2.24 Option (A) is correct. The resonant frequency for TE mnp mode is defined as 2 2 p 2 1/2 fr = 1 :a m k + a n k + a k D c b 2 me a So for TE 101 mode the resonant frequency of the cavity resonator is 8 2 2 1/2 ( m = m0 . SOL 9. So. mn = 2pa me where plmn is the m th root of Bessel’s function ^J ln = 0h. from the given data we have GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. we get 3 # 108 lg = f = 8 GHz ^ 1.5h^2 h^5 h # 10 QTE = 3 3 2 2 ^1.87 # 10 h^4p # 10-7h^5. m0 = 4p # 10-7 sc = Conductivity of copper So. the inner radius of the guide is a = 1 cm = 0. Given.2.8 # 107h = 1.nodia. + ^2.5h + ^5 h .83 cm SOL 9.05 2 3 = 3.2.758 h^8 # 109h = 2. the quality factor of the resonator is 2 2 -2 8^2.Chap 9 Wave Guides 633 For View Only lg = Shop Online at www.025 0.5h + ^5 h . we get the skin depth as 1 d = 9 p ^3. ga te 101 he lp.87 # 109 Hz = 3.in c ee f where f is operating frequency and c is velocity of wave in free space. e = 3e0 ) fr = 3 # 10 .01 m The cutoff frequency for TE mn mode of a circular waveguide is defined as plmn fc.5h^5 h"^2.87 GHz m .co.25 Option (B) is correct.B = 7732.06 # 10-6h82 # 2 "^2.06 # 10-6 Therefore.23 101 SOL 9.

co.79 # 109 Hz = 8. the cutoff wavelength for dominant mode is given as lc. co m .765 cm *********** he lp. g at e Option (A) is correct. the dominant mode in cylindrical cavity is TM 010 so.841 fc11 = = 3 # 10 # 1. 010 = 2 cm ) a = 2p = 7.2841 2p # 102p ^10-2h m0 e0 = 8.634 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.1 a a k+b d l 2p me where a is radius of cylindrical cavity. d is height of the cylindrical cavity and pmn is the root of Bessel’s equation. Since. the cutoff frequency of TE 11 mode in the circular waveguide is 8 1.26 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in Pl = 1.405h^2 # 10-2h (lc. 010 = c fc010 2 # 10-2 = 2pa p 01 ^2.65 # 10-3 = 0. The resonant frequency of TM mnl mode in cylindrical cavity is defined as pmn lp 2 fc. mnl = .79 GHz SOL 9.2.nodia.841 11 So. the cutoff frequency for dominant mode is p 01 p c fc010 = = 01 2p a 2pa m0 e0 Therefore.

(b 2 + b 2) b = x y c2 Substituting the values.6182) # 10 4 8 3 # 10 . co m (1) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . From the given expressions of E and H . vp = 0 he lp.3 Shop Online at www. the magnetic field component along the z -direction as Hz = 3 cos (2. TM 11 is the lowest order mode of all the TM mn modes. Given. mode of operation is non-propagating i.1 SOL 9. w 2 . we can write.nodia. ga te Option (D) is correct. bx = 2.3 ww w.283 # 1010 rad/s For the wave propagation inside the rectangular waveguide. the operating wavelength of the wave can also be given as 8 3 l = c = 3 # 10 9 = er f er 14 # 10 140 er 3 1 = or 140 140 er or. b is imaginary so.618 # 102 w = 6.618 # 102 y) cos (6. Option (D) is correct.094 # 102 x) cos (2. the operating frequency of the wave is f = 14 GHz So.e.283 # 10 m .3. we get 10 2 b = c 6.bz) So.094 # 102 by = 2.j261 Since.2 Option (A) is correct.3.Chap 9 Wave Guides 635 For View Only SOLUTIONS 9.in SOL 9. the wave impedance is given as E E h = = p = 120p 3 H er Since.3.0942 + 2.(2. b = 280p 2p = 280p & l = 1 or 140 l So.283 # 1010 t .co. er = 9 SOL 9.

Therefore.7 ww w. n = 1) the cutoff frequency is 10 1 2 1 2 (c = 3 # 108 cm/s ) fc = 3 # 10 b 4 l + b 3 l = 6.8 Option (B) is correct.636 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www.co. The cut-off frequency for the TE mn mode of the waveguide is defined as 2 2 fc = c a m k + a n k 2 a b So.nodia. comparing it with the given expression we get m = 2 and n = 0 . for TE11 mode (m = 1. Rectangular and cylindrical waveguide doesn’t support TEM modes and have cut off frequency.3. Given.3. the electric field intensity of the wave inside rectangular waveguide as wm E = 2 a p k H 0 sin b 2px l sin (wt .3.in From equation (1) we have Ep = 120p & E p = 120p 3 9 SOL 9.bz) ay a h a This is TE mode and we know that mpy Ey \ sin a mpx k cos a a b k So.3. SOL 9.5 Option (B) is correct.3. g at e he lp. The cut-off frequency of TE mn mode is defined as 2 2 fc = c a m k + a m k 2 a b So.4 Option (A) is correct. Cut-off Frequency for TE mn mode of a rectangular waveguide is defined as 2 2 fc = c a m k + a n k 2 a b So. n = 0 )mode is 8 (a = 3 cm ) fc = c a m k = 3 # 10 # 2 = 10 GHz 2 a 2 0. Coaxial cable support TEM wave and doesn’t have cut off frequency. co m .6 Option (A) is correct. the wave impedance of the TE 20 mode is given as h0 377 ( f = 30 GHz ) = = 400W h' = 2 f 1010 2 1 -c c m 1 -c f 3 # 1010 m SOL 9. SOL 9. the propagating mode is TE 20 . the cutoff frequency of TE 30 (m = 3 . the cutoff frequency of the TE 20 (m = 2 .03 Therefore.25 GHz 2 Option (A) is correct. n = 0 ) mode is fc = c a m k 2 a 8 or ( fc = 18 GHz ) 18 # 109 = 3 # 10 3 2 a or a = 1 m = 5 cm 40 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia SOL 9.

10 Shop Online at www. SOL 9.3. for a wave propagation the operating frequency must be greater than the cutoff frequency. In a hollow metal wave guide v p > c > vg where v p " Phase velocity c " Velocity of light in free space. the phase velocity of the wave inside the waveguide is greater than the velocity of light in the free space. the microwave signal is modulated at 1 kHz because crystal detector fails at microwave frequencies. vp > c Option (A) is correct. the dominant mode is TE10 and the cutoff frequency for the dominant mode is given as m 2 n 2 1 fc = c a a k +ab k c m e = cm 2 er 0 0 3 # 108 1 2+ 0 2 = b 0.e. the phase velocity of a wave propagating in a hollow metal waveguide is greater than the velocity of light in free space.3. Option (A) is correct. vg " Group velocity So. i. Since.e.12 SOL 9. i.Chap 9 Wave Guides 637 For View Only SOL 9.14 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.3.12 Option (B) is correct. co m .3. f > fc Therefore.9 Option (D) is correct.e. SOL 9. In a microwave test bench. Option (D) is correct. The cutoff frequency of TE mn mode in a rectangular waveguide is defined as m 2 n 2 fc = 1 a a k +ab k 2 me Since in the given rectangular waveguide a > b so.nodia.03 l b b l 4 8 = 3 # 10 = 2.5 GHz 0.co.13 he lp. ga te SOL 9.11 SOL 9.in Option (D) is correct. For any propagating mode inside a rectangular waveguide the velocities are related as v p > c > vg i.3. the phase velocity of the wave will be always greater than the velocity of wave in free space.3. Phase velocity of an EM wave inside an air-filled rectangular waveguide c vp = f 2 1 -c c m f where c is velocity of EM wave in free space fc is the cutoff frequency of the propagating mode and f is the operating frequency.

Cutoff frequency for TE mn mode in a rectangular waveguide is defined as v fc = p a m k2 + a n k2 2 a b Since. The transverse electric field and transverse magnetic field inside a waveguide are related as where h is intrinsic impedance E =h H E or h = H i. g at e SOL 9. In a wave guide dominant gives lowest cut-off frequency and hence the highest cutoff wavelength.3. SOL 9. As the impedance of perfect conductor is zero.17 SOL 9. electric field is minimum and magnetic field is maximum at the boundary. co m .21 Option (C) is correct.3.3.co.18 SOL 9. n = 0 ). w.16 Option (B) is correct.20 SOL 9. In a rectangular resonant cavity TE mnp mode must have its p = 1. he lp.in SOL 9. at all points within the wave guide. In TE mode Ez = 0 . Cutoff wavelength for H mn mode of a rectangular waveguide is defined as 2 lc = m 2+ n 2 a a k ab k where a and b are the dimensions of waveguide. This is not possible in semi-infine parallel plate wave guide.638 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www. for the given rectangular waveguide a > b so. the dominant mode is TE 10 and the cutoff frequency of the dominant mode of rectangular waveguide is 8 v (For air v p = 3 # 108 ) fc = p = 3 # 10 2 = 15 # 109 2a 2 # 10 = 15 GHz Option (D) is correct.e.3.15 Option (A) is correct.3. the cutoff wavelength is 2 (a = 8 cm ) lc = 1 2+0 b8l = 16 cm GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (A) is correct. It implies that electric field vector is always perpendicular to the waveguide axis.3. the mode TE 110 doesn’t exist in the rectangular resonant cavity.19 Option (A) is correct. the ratio of transverse electric field to the transverse magnetic field is called waveguide impedance.nodia. So.3. So. Option (B) is correct. SOL 9. for the H 10 mode (m = 1.

nodia. Option (D) is correct.3 GHz 2 ^4. Cut-off frequency for TE mn or TM mn mode inside a rectangular waveguide is defined as 1 mp 2 np 2 fc = a a k +a b k 2p me Where a and b are the dimensions of rectangular waveguide.w2 me a b SOL 9. fc01 . now take and operating point that has frequency f just greater than the cut-off frequency for m = n = 1. fc20 > f . n = 0 ) = 3 # 10 # b 2 4.3.215 # 10-2 l = 6.755 # 10 2. m .Chap 9 Wave Guides 639 SOL 9.47 GHz and the cut-off frequency for TE 20 mode is 8 2 fc20 = 3 # 10 # = 6. fc10 .23 Option (C) is correct. The propagation constant for TE or TM waves inside a rectangular waveguide is defined as 2 2 g = a mp k + a np k . all the modes will propagate.755 # 10-2h Since the operating frequency f = 12 GHz so. A rectangular waveguide supports TE and TM waves where as it doesn’t support TEM waves.3.3. Therefore.16 GHz Cut-off frequency for TE 01 mode is 8 1 fc01 = b 3 # 10 l # b 2 2. we have. co For View Only Shop Online at www. ga te he lp. TE 10 and TE 11 all the three modes are propagating and by observing option we directly can say option (D) is correct.3. Consider a rectangular waveguide has dimensions a = b and the corresponding resonator has the dimensions a = b = d .25 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. fc11 .22 Option (D) is correct. So we have the SOL 9. As in this case if we calculates fc11 first then by getting f > fc11 it is clear that TE 01 .24 Option (D) is correct. Cut-off frequency for TE 10 mode is 1 m 2 n 2 fc10 = a a k +ab k 2 m0 e0 8 1 (m = 1.755 # 10-2 l = 3. Note : For avoiding so many calculation we should directly calculate the higher frequency modes first for higher operating frequency.in SOL 9.215 # 10 = 7.77 GHz cut-off frequency for TE 11 mode is 8 2 2 1 1 fc11 = 3 # 10 # b -2 l + b -2 l 2 4.co.

n andp) the resonant frequency are very closely spaced and also the resonant frequencies of cavity can be changed by altering its dimensions.640 Wave Guides Chap 9 SOL 9.506 GHz SOL 9.27 ww Option (A) is correct.nodia. TE 01 . TE 101 .in propagating modes in waveguide. Operating frequency. d " 4h = 4. TM 110 Therefore the cavity resonator does not possess as many modes as corresponding waveguides.co. TE 11 and TM 11 . for TE10 . Option (C) is correct. fc10 = 3 # 10 b6l + 0 2 = 2. The total absence of a longitudinal current inside a waveguide leads to the conclusion that there can be no closed loops of magnetic field lines in any transverse plane. TE 10 . co For View Only Shop Online at www. Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A. f = 3 GHz = 3 # 109 Hz Dimensions of waveguide a = 6 cm and b = 4 cm The cut-off frequency for TE mn /TM mn mode is defined as 1 m 2 n 2 fc = a a k +ab k 2 m0 e0 10 1 2 So. Microstrip lines cannot support pure TEM mode but shielded coaxial lines can support pure TEM mode.3. Option (A) is correct. Given.29 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . Phase velocity of a wave propagating in a waveguide is defined as SOL 9. TEM waves cannot exist in a hollow waveguide of any shape.e. A TEM wave doesn’t have an electric component in its direction of propagation consequently there is no longitudinal displacement current.3.3.28 Option (A) is correct.5 GHz 10 2 for TE 01 .26 SOL 9. Where as the propagating modes in resonator are TE 011 . g ^a " 1h ^b " 2h ^c " 3. fc11 = 3 # 10 b6l +b4l 2 mn at e he lp. m mnp w.75 GHz 10 1 2 1 2 For TE11 or TM11 . i.3. fc01 = 3 # 10 0 +b1l 2 4 = 3. Therefore. As the resonating frequency of a TE mnp or TM mnp mode is defined as pp 2 mp 2 np 2 fr = 1 a a k +a b k +a d k 2 me So for the different modes (different values of m .

for TE mn mode is defined as 2 lc = m 2+ n 2 a a k ab k So. increase with decreasing characteristic impedance in microstrip line. The electromagnetic fields exist partly in air above the dielectric substrate and partly within the substrate. In a microstrip line operating wavelength is defined as l = l0 ee where. Given.016 cm .32 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. greater than dielectric constant of air (1). comparing the above two expressions we get v p > c > vg SOL 9.3. So.286 cm . So. Conductor losses. fc is the cutoff frequency and f is the operating frequency.in f 2 1 -c c m f The group velocity of the wave propagating in waveguide is defined as f 2 vg = c 1 . Statement 4 is correct.30 SOL 9. Statement 3 is correct. b = 1. Stripline carries two conductors and a homogenous dielectric. So it cannot support a pure TEM wave instead the fields are quasiTEM.3. Statement 1 is correct. co m . The cut off wavelength of the guide. he lp.e.032 cm SOL 9. a"2 Hollow rectangular waveguide can propagate TEM and TE modes but not TEM mode.31 Option (B) is correct. As the operating frequency f is always grater than cutoff frequency fc . b"3 Microstripline has some of its field lines in the dielectric region and some fraction in the air region. it supports a TEM mode (Pure TEM). The effective dielectric constant of microstrip line is ee and given as 1 < ee < er i. the dimension of waveguide is a = 2.3.co. l0 is free space wave length and ee is the effective dielectric constant. c"1 Option (B) is correct. for TE 01 Mode the cut off wavelength of the guide is 2 = 0 2+ 1 2 ba l bb l = 2b = 2. ga te Option (B) is correct.nodia.c c m f where c is the velocity of wave in free space. Statement 2 is correct.Chap 9 Wave Guides 641 For View Only vp = c Shop Online at www. So.

Statement 1 is correct. Since. b = 1 cm So. B " 3. i. Evanescent mode " No wave propagation dominant mode is the mode that has lowest cutoff frequency.3.e. At 11GHz along with the dominant mode TE 11 mode ^ fc = 5 2 h will also propagate.642 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www. A " 2. dimension of waveguide a = b = 3 cm and so the dominant mode is either TE 01 or TE 10 mode.e Assertion (A) is false.a np k = b 2p l a b l for a = 3 . a = 3 cm . he lp. Degenerate modes propagate at 7 GHz. co m . Rectangular waveguide does not support TM 01 and TM 10 mode. Statement 2 is correct.co. 8 1 fc = 3 # 10 # b 2 3 # 10-2 l = 5 GHz f = 4 GHz < f c So. Reason (R) is also false.35 SOL 9. the electric component is existed in the direction of propagation. Statement 4 is correct.33 Option (C) is correct.a np k = b 2p l 3 1 l GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. g Option (C) is correct. b = 1 we have 2 2 2 2 So. So. k z .3. Given. At 4 GHz no modes will propagate so the modes are evanescent at 4 GHz. the cutoff frequency for dominant mode is given as 1 m 2 n 2 fc = a a k +ab k 2 m0 e0 8 1 (for TE 01 or TE 10 mode) = 3 # 10 # 2 3 # 10-2 = 5 GHz So. So the electric field is not transverse to the propagating wave and therefore the mode is transverse magnetic (TM mode). Degenerate modes are the different modes that have the same cut off frequency and at 7 GHz frequency TE 01 and TE 10 propagates that has the same cut off frequency i.nodia.a mp k . at 4 GHz there is no propagating mode.3.a mp k . Statement 3 is incorrect. SOL 9. Reason (R) : The wave equation for the rectangular waveguide is defined as 2 2 2 k z .3. C " 1 at e Option (C) is correct. the dominant mode ^TE 10h has the cutoff frequency. Assertion (A) : Given the dimension of waveguide.in SOL 9. at 6 GHz dominant mode will propagate.36 Option (D) is correct.34 SOL 9.

(Since the frequency of mode must remain same for both the waveguide dimensions). the cutoff frequency of the TE mn mode is defined as 1 m 2 n 2 1/2 fc = :a a k + a b k D 2 m0 e0 So.b a l + b b l E 2 m0 e0 8 10 # 109 = 3 # 10 # 1 2 a 8 a = 3 # 1010 = 1.nodia. Consider the dimension of inner broad wall of waveguide is a (i.3. Since.e.co.e. Propagation constant in a waveguide is defined as f 2 g = 2pfc me 1 .5 cm 2 # 10 Option (A) is correct.3. This makes the mode of propagation quasi TEM (not pure TEM) Due to the open structure and presence of discontinuity in microstrip line. SOL 9.37 Option (D) is correct. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.42 Option (C) is correct. So. Statements 1 and 3 are correct. Consider the rectangular waveguide (A) has the dimension a # b after deforming into waveguide (C) the dimension is changed to b # a and so the input mode TE 10 is charged to TE 01 .3. A rectangular coaxial line can support all the three modes (TE. for the evanescent mode of waveguide the operating frequency is less than the cutoff frequency. f < fc f or <1 fc So. it radiates electromagnetic energy and therefore radiation losses take place.40 SOL 9.39 SOL 9. ga te he lp.41 SOL 9. for this condition the propagation constant g is purely real.38 Option (C) is correct.44 Option (C) is correct. Option (D) is correct. the dominant mode will be TE 10 . The dominant mode in a circular waveguide is TE 11 .in SOL 9. co m .c m fc Since.3. SOL 9. i.3.3. for dominant mode ^TE 10h we have 1 1 2 0 2 1/2 ( fc = 10 GHz ) 10 # 109 = . Microstrip lines consist no ground plate and so the electric field lines remain partially in air and partially in the lower dielectric substrate. a > b ).3. Option (B) is correct.43 SOL 9.3.Chap 9 Wave Guides 643 For View Only Shop Online at www. SOL 9. TM or TEM). Option (B) is correct.

46 SOL 9.e. Quality factor of a waveguide is defined as i. Q = w 2a v g Also the attenuation factors obtained in waveguides are much higher than that in transmission lines. v p is a nonlinear function of frequency. Quality factor (Q ) of a resonator is defined as Resonant freqeuncy (fr ) Q = Bandwidth fr or. Coaxial line " The dominant mode of propagation is TEM.3. So the 1st statement is incorrect while rest of the statements are correct. Option (B) is correct.644 Wave Guides Chap 9 For View Only Shop Online at www. ^c " 2h Coplanar waveguide " The propagation mode is hybrid of propagation ^TE mn + TM mn h ^d " 3h . g at e SOL 9. Q closely related to a. both statements are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.in Modes on microstrip lines are quasi TEM (not purely TEM).47 Option (C) is correct.co. The phase velocity of TE or TM mode is defined as c vp = f 2 1 -c c m f where c " Velocity of wave in free space fc " cutoff frequency f " operating frequency So. ^b " 1h Microstrip line " The mode of propagation is Quasi TEM.3. A waveguide operated below cut off frequency can be used as an attenuator.3. at higher frequency the Q of coil falls due to skin effect. So.nodia. SOL 9. the smaller the bandwidth of resonator Q is also defined for a resonator as b Q = 2a where b is phase constant and a is attenuation constant of a resonator given as wms a = \w 2 So Q\ 1 w So. the greater the ‘Q ’. ^a " 4h Rectangular waveguide " propagating mode is TE or TM.3.45 SOL 9. Option (C) is correct. Bandwidth = \ 1 Q Q Therefore.49 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.48 he lp. SOL 9. co m Option (D) is correct. Option (C) is correct.3.

ga te Option (D) is correct.Chap 9 Wave Guides 645 For View Only Shop Online at www.e. *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. SOL 9. guided wavelength is never less than free space wavelength. co Option (A) is correct.co. Since. for propagation the operating wavelength must be less than cut off frequency i. for a wave propagation in an air filled rectangular waveguide.52 Option (D) is correct.50 Option (A) is correct. Option (A) is correct.3. Since the conduction current requires conductor along the axis and a hollow waveguide doesn’t have a conductor along its axis. Attenuation factor in a parallel plate waveguide is defined as ^Power lost per unit lengthh a = Pl = 2P0 2 # ^Power transmittedh Option (C) is correct. SOL 9.53 SOL 9. A and R both true and R is correct explanation of A.3.54 Option (A) is correct. m . Transverse magnetic mode (TM mode) consists of magnetic field intensity perpendicular to the direction of propagation where as the electric field intensity may be in the direction of propagation. 2 and 3 are correct.57 Option (B) is correct. we get lg $ l So.3. SOL 9.51 SOL 9. So.3. vp > C he lp.nodia.55 SOL 9. the axial current is due to displacement current only.3. Electromagnetic waves propagating in a medium (bounded that has the velocity greater than the velocity in free space (velocity of light in space) is given as C vp = f 2 1 -c c m f or The velocity v p is called phase velocity of the wave.3.3.in SOL 9. Statement 1. l # lc So.3. Guided wavelength of a propagating wave in rectangular waveguide is l lg = 2 1 -b l l lc where l is free space wavelength and lc is cutoff frequency. Since the waveguide has a cutoff frequency fc below which no wave propagates while above fc all the waves propagates so it can be considered as high pass filter.56 SOL 9.

CHAPTER 10 ANTENNA AND RADIATING SYSTEMS .

The effective length of antenna will be (A) 50 m (B) 20 m (C) 12.2 (C) 6 m MCQ 10.1 (C) Both (A) and (B) MCQ 10.1 Shop Online at www.648 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only EXERCISE 10.3 (A) 25 mV/m (C) 50 mV/m MCQ 10. co A Hertzian dipole of length l/25 is located at the origin.co. f = 25 MHz . The length of antenna will be (A) 48 m (B) 3 m (D) 12 m lp. What will be the electric field strength at point P he A quarter wave monopole antenna is operating at a frequency. If a point P is located at a distance r from the origin then for what value of ‘r ’ the point will be in radiation zone. (B) r = l (A) r = 2l 5 5 (D) none of these m .1. A source current is supplied to it’s base such that the current amplitude in antenna decreases linearly toward zero at the top of the mast.3 cos wt mA .4 ww w.in MCQ 10.1.nodia.5 mV/m The transmitting antenna of a radio navigation system is a vertical metal mast 25 m in height inducted from the earth. g (B) 50 mV/m (D) 2.1.1.5 m (D) 25 m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e A half wave dipole antenna is located at origin as shown in figure below. The antenna is fed by a current i (t) = 83.

2 GHz signal to a satellite in space.41 m (D) 0.4% (B) 96.05 W (D) 0.93 W (B) 1.25 MHz current flows in the antenna then the loss resistance of the antenna is (A) 1. The length of the antenna is 30 m.co.076 mW Statement for Linked Question 10 .11 : An antenna is a center fed rod having cross sectional radius 4 cm and conductivity s = 2.5 A vertical antenna of length 8.6 W .4 W MCQ 10.49 m MCQ 10. Given the radiation resistance of the antenna is 31. MCQ 10.5% GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.6 W.9 # 107 S/m .in MCQ 10.7 (C) 0. The antenna is (A) half wave dipole (B) quarter wave dipole (C) one-fifth wave dipole ww w.03l is given by Z ] I0 for 0 < z # l ]2 4 I ^z h = [ ]I 0 for l < z # l 2 4 \ What will be the radiation resistance of the element ? (A) 0.1.8 A certain antenna is used to radiate a 0.022 W (D) 0.6 (D) 26.9 A time harmonic uniform current I 0 cos ^2p # 107 t h flows in a small circular loop antenna of radius 30 cm. Radiation resistance of the antenna is (A) 92.6% (D) 93. f = 2 MHz .11 The radiation efficiency of the antenna is (A) 95.97 W (B) 0. A dipole antenna radiating at 200 MHz is fed from a 60 W transmission line matched to the source.5 m is operating at a frequency.3 mW (B) 325.1.1.1.3 W MCQ 10.05 W (C) 10. What will be the length of the dipole that matches the line impedance at the signal frequency ? (A) 0.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 649 For View Only Shop Online at www.031 W MCQ 10. ga te MCQ 10.10 If a 0.83 W (D) 3.4 W (D) none of these m The current in a short circuit element of length l = 0.24 m co (C) 0.1.1.nodia.97 W (C) 0.83 m (B) 0.71 W (B) 0. The radiation resistance of the antenna is (A) 1.51 W (C) 39.8% (C) 98.1.

5 + j21.03 A (B) 2. The standing wave ratio will be (Input impedance of quarter wave monopole is Zin = ^36.7 mW lp.25h W ) (A) 1. MCQ 10.07 m2 (C) 0.3 A (C) 14.54 m2 (B) 1.12 A 200 MHz uniform current flows in a small circular loop of radius 20 cm. s = 5.2 kW. What value of I 0 is required to radiate a total power of 2 W ? (A) 11.1.265 (D) 2.53 A (D) 50.14 (C) 19 mV/m MCQ 10. If the loop is made of copper wire of radius 5 mm then it’s loss resistance will be (conductivity of copper.1 A (D) 3.18 What will be the maximum effective area of the dipole ? (A) 0.17 w.in MCQ 10.104 W (B) 6.6 A Statement for Linked Question 18 .1. What will be the maximum electric field intensity at a distance of 10 km from the antenna ? (A) 3.7 cos wt mA .18 m2 (D) 0.8 # 107 S/m ) (A) 0.19 : A Hertzian dipole is operating at a frequency.6 mV/m co (C) 2.13 (D) 1.16 (C) 7. The average power radiated by antenna is (A) 254 mW (B) 127 mW (D) 31.27 m2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia at e (C) 63.583 m A quarter wave monopole antenna is connected to a transmission line of characteristic impedance Z 0 = 75 W . If the length of the dipole is 0.52 # 10-5 W (C) 9.57 W MCQ 10.1.2 A ww A monopole antenna in free space has the length of the antenna 0. The antenna is extending vertically over a perfectly conducting plane and has a linear current distribution.1. Radiated power of a vertical antenna is 0.5 mW he A quarter wave monopole antenna is fed by a current i (t) = 41.co.1.2 GHz .56 A MCQ 10.1.4 A (B) 7. g A dipole antenna in free space has a linear current distribution.650 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www.265 .8 mV/m (B) 1.1.nodia.3874 (B) 1.02l.53 W MCQ 10.15 MCQ 10.9 mV/m (D) 3.01l then the value of current I 0 required to radiate a total power 250 mW is (A) 5. f = 0.

1.28 (D) 0.19 If the antenna receives 1.1. 0 # f # 2p U ^q.24 Normalized radiation intensity of an antenna is given by sin q 0 # q # p/2.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 651 For View Only Shop Online at www.8 Watt.co.25 .33 mW/m2 (C) 1.53 co (C) 0. ga te (C) 0.94 then radiated power of antenna will be (A) 1.76 MCQ 10.1.56 mW/m2 (A) 8.in MCQ 10.22 (C) 0.27 MCQ 10.793 mW/m2 Directivity of quarter wave monopole is (A) 1.nodia.5 mW of power then what is the power density of the incident wave ? (B) 5.1. If the antenna has maximum radiation intensity of 1 W/Sr then it’s directivity will be (A) 5.26 (B) 16. The directivity of the antenna is (A) 5 (B) 0.22 (C) 3.1.25 An antenna has the uniform field pattern given by 4 0 < q < p/3 U ^q h = * 0 p/3 < q < p where U ^q h is independent of f.609 MCQ 10.2 (D) 4 m An antenna has a uniform radiation intensity in all directions.81 (D) 1.1.0 (C) 0.55 The input power of a certain antenna with an efficiency of 90 % is 0.5 W/Sr.21 MCQ 10. fh = ) 0 otherwise The directivity of antenna will be (A) 2.90 W lp. If the directivity of the antenna is D = 20. (D) 9.1.11 W (B) 0.40 mW/m2 MCQ 10.23 MCQ 10.26 Three element array that has the current ratios 1 : 2 : 1 as shown in figure GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.30 W (D) 0.1.55 (B) 8.26 W he An antenna has maximum radiation intensity of 1.20 (D) 2.64 (B) 1. The directivity of the antenna is (A) 1/4 (B) 4 (C) 16 (D) 1 MCQ 10.

in The resultant group pattern of this array will be same as the two element antenna array with (A) a = 0 . g at e he lp. d = l/2 (C) a = 0 . d = l/2 MCQ 10. d = l/4 (B) a = 180c.1.27 (D) a = 180c. co m (B) Three element array with current ratio 2 : 4 : 2 .co.nodia. d = 2l When the two three-element arrays with current ratio 1 : 2 : 1 are displaced by l/2 then it forms (A) Four element array with current ratio 1 : 3 : 3 : 1 (C) Four element array with current ratio 3 : 1 : 1 : 3 (D) Three element array with current ratio 1 : 3 : 1 *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.652 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www.

15 cos ^108 t + 90ch (D) 2.2.2.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 653 For View Only EXERCISE 10.15 sin ^108 t . ga te MCQ 10.4 Two Hertzian dipole antennas are placed at a separation of d = l/2 on z -axis to form an antenna array as shown in figure below : GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.15 sin ^108 t + 90ch (C) 1.2 Shop Online at www. (B) 1.3 Directive gain of Hertzian dipole antenna is (A) 1.1 (A) 1. A point P is located at a distance r from the dipole as shown in figure.2.co.30 sin ^108 t + 90ch (D) 2 sin2 q 3 co m A Hertzian dipole of length l/100 is located at the origin and fed with a current of i (t) = 2 sin 108 t A .90ch MCQ 10. What will be the magnetic field at P ? .2.in MCQ 10.2 Directivity of Hertizian monopole antenna is (A) 5 (B) 3 (C) 1/2 (D) 9 MCQ 10.nodia.5 sin2 q (B) 3 sin2 q 2 (C) sin q 3 ww w.

nodia.654 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www. The current fed to the two antennas are I1s and I2s respectively. he lp. co m .in st If the 1 antenna carries a current I1s = I 0 0c and the 2 nd antenna carries a current I2s = I 0 180c then the resultant field pattern of the antenna array will be MCQ 10.5 If I2s is lagging I1s by an angle p/2 then the resultant field pattern of antenna array will be GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2. g at e An antenna array is formed by two Hertzian dipoles placed at a separation of l/4 as shown in figure.co.

6 # 10-3 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp.co.20.6 The group pattern function of a linear binomial array of N -elements as shown in figure is . ga te bd cos q + a N .18 dB MCQ 10.8 If the efficiency of the radiation is 95% then it’s maximum power gain is (A) 9.cos b bd cos q + a N lE 2 (D) 7cos ^bd cos q + ahAN .2.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 655 For View Only Shop Online at www.8 : Maximum electric field strength radiated by an antenna is 6 mV/m measured at 40 km from the antenna.11 # 10-3 (D) 9.02 dB (B) 9.1 lE 2 bd cos q + a N + 1 lE 2 he (A) .nodia.in ww w.2.7 If the antenna radiates a total power of 100 kW then the directivity of antenna is (A) .cos b (C) .4 # 10-3 (C) 0.cos b (B) .2. MCQ 10.1 Statement for Linked Question 7 .2. co m MCQ 10.12 # 10-3 (B) 9.0096 dB (D) .6 dB (C) 0.

101% (C) 10.2. MCQ 10.2.15 : A metallic wire of cross sectional radius 6 mm is wound to form a small circular loop of radius 2 m with 10 turns.8 m MCQ 10. g at e he lp.9 If the minimum detectable power is 0.12 The time average radiated power of the antenna is (A) 0. Conductivity of metallic wire is s = 2.10 The average signal power density at half of the range of radar will be (A) 350.14 If a 0.13 : co (D) 250.in Statement for Linked Question 9 .2.83 mV/m (D) 0.656 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www.37 # 10-6 W (B) 1.39 mV/m (B) 1.3 m (B) 1270 m (C) 292.055% MCQ 10.7 W Statement for Linked Question 14 .13 mW for a target of cross section 1.29 kW (C) 2.25 m2 then the maximum range of the radar is (A) 584. The effective length of antenna is 20 m.2. Statement for Linked Question 11 . MCQ 10.69 W/m2 A transmitting antenna is being fed by a current source of amplitude I 0 = 50 A and frequency f = 180 kHz . MCQ 10.11 What will be the maximum field intensity at a distance 80 km from the antenna ? (A) 3.37 # 10-4 W (D) 4.15 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2.91 W (C) 0.35 W/m2 m .2.53 # 10-4 W Radiation efficiency of the antenna will be (A) 18.34 W (D) 1.co.10 : A radar with an antenna of 2.9 # 107 S/m .42 # 10-3 W (C) 2.80 W/m2 (C) 80.1 m (D) 977.41 mV/m (C) 2.36% (B) 0.2.43 kW (B) 0. The effective area of the antenna is 70% of it’s actual area.71 mV/m MCQ 10.nodia.23 W (B) 2.33 kW (D) 1.14 kW MCQ 10.89% (D) 0.8 m in radius transmits 30 kW at a frequency 3 GHz .25 W/m2 (B) 69.5 MHz uniform current flows in the loop then it’s radiation resistance will be (A) 2.13 What will be the radiation resistance of the antenna ? (A) 0.

nodia.2 # 10-2h e-j1000 az V/m .2 # 10-2h e-j1000 az V/m j ^1.2 # 10-2h e-j1000 az V/m (B) .1 m and wavelength is l = 2p m then the electric field Es at the distant points P ^0.92 ^ax + az h mV/m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. ga te he lp.18 : Two short antennas at the origin in free space carry identical currents 4 cos wt A .in MCQ 10.j ^1.9. 0.j ^1.2 # 10-2h e-j1000 ax V/m (B) (C) (D) j ^1. 0h will be at point P at point Q -2 -j1000 (A) .18 (C) 1. 1000h and Q ^1000. 1000.2 # 10-2h e-j1000 ax V/m MCQ 10. 0.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 657 For View Only Shop Online at www.2. co m .j ^1.2 # 10-2h e-j1000 ax V/m j ^1.2 # 10 h e az V/m .2.12 ^ax + az h mV/m .j ^1. MCQ 10.16 The polar radiation pattern of a l/8 thin dipole antenna is Statement for Linked Question 17 . one in the ax direction and other in the az direction.2 ^ax + az h mV/m E at point ^0.92 ^ax + az h mV/m (D) .17 If both the antennas are of length 0.2 # 10-2h e-j1000 az V/m j ^1. 0h at t = 0 will be (A) 9.2.co.

22 at e (C) 17 MCQ 10. Rl (A) 11 (B) 6 (D) 5 (C) 1. The rms current in the antenna is (A) 1.1e-j1000p V/m MCQ 10.1e-j1000p V/m (C) 0.56 A (D) 0. The radiation field due to the element at any point is given as E qs = 10 sin qe-j10pr V/m p E qs at point P (r = 100 .in Statement for Linked Question 19 .nodia. If the wire has a cylindrical cross section of radius 1 mm then the ratio of the radiation resistance to the ohmic resistance of wire will be Rrad .5p V/m MCQ 10.2.21 (C) 2.1e-j1000p e j0.20 In a free space short circuit vertical current element is located at the origin in free space.71 W (B) 2. p k 2 2 2 6 changes to (B) 0.3 GHz.2e-j1000p V/m (C) 0.2.l # z # l I ^z h = I 0 < 2 2 l The radiation resistance of the antenna will be (A) 0.20 MCQ 10.5p V/m m .2.19 (D) 0. p k then.2.89 A *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he A short circuit current element of length l = 0. g An antenna is made of straight copper wire of length 1 cm carrying current of frequency 0. E qs at point P a100.23 w.84 W (D) 0.13 W MCQ 10.1e-j0.06l carries the current distributed as l-2 z F for . q = p/2 .658 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www.18 W lp.1.6 GHz. p . co If the vertical element is shifted to a point a0.co. f = p/6 ) is (A) 0.26 A ww A 2 cm long Hertzian dipole antenna radiates 2 W of power at a frequency of 0.5p V/m (D) 0. p .78 A (B) 3.1e j1000p V/m (A) 0.2e j1000p V/m (B) 0.1e-j1000p e-j0.2.

3.5 GATE 2006 A mast antenna consisting of a 50 meter long vertical conductor operates over a perfectly conducting ground plane. The radiation pattern in the lane of the dipole (E plane) looks approximately as he At 20 GHz.4 GATE 2007 MCQ 10.3. 0 # q # p/2 The directivity of the antenna is (A) 10 dB (B) 12.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 659 For View Only EXERCISE 10. (D) 45c For a Hertz dipole antenna. It is base-fed at a frequency of 600 kHz.in MCQ 10. The radiation resistance of the antenna in Ohms is 2 2 (A) 2p (B) p 5 5 2 (C) 4p (D) 20p2 5 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. ga te A l/2 dipole is kept horizontally at a height of l0 above a perfectly conducting 2 infinite ground plane.6 dB .nodia.3.2 GATE 2008 (C) 90c MCQ 10.3 Shop Online at www. the half power beam width (HPBW) in the E -plane is (A) 360c (B) 180c co (D) 18 dB m The radiation pattern of an antenna in spherical co-ordinates is given by U (q) = cos 4 q .5 dB MCQ 10.3 GATE 2008 (C) 35 dB MCQ 10. the gain of a parabolic dish antenna of 1 meter and 70% efficiency is (A) 15 dB (B) 25 dB (D) 45 dB lp.3.co.3.1 GATE 2012 (C) 11.

What is the radiation resistance of the antenna? (A) 25 W (B) 36. The correct value of the magnitude of the far-zone resultant electric field strength normalized with that of a single element. They are fed with equal currents but the right most antenna has a phase shift of + 90c.3.in MCQ 10.3.8 GATE 2003 MCQ 10.7 Consider a lossless antenna with a directive gain of + 6 dB . The radiation pattern is given as.660 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www. operating at wavelength l. The elements have equal amplitude excitation with 180c polarity difference.10 GATE 2001 A medium wave radio transmitter operating at a wavelength of 492 m has a tower antenna of height 124. both computed for f = 0 . What is the distance that this person must move further to detect a 3-dB decrease in signal strength (A) 942 m (B) 2070 m (C) 4978 m (D) 5320 m MCQ 10. GATE 2004 MCQ 10.plane.3.3. is he (C) 7 mW lp.6 Two identical and parallel dipole antennas are kept apart by a distance of l/4 in GATE 2005 the H .3. g at e Two identical antennas are placed in the q = p/2 plane as shown in Fig.co.5 W (C) 50 W (D) 73 W GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww (A) 2 cos b 2ps l l (C) 2 cos a ps k l w.9 GATE 2002 A person with receiver is 5 km away from the transmitter. MCQ 10. If 1 mW of power is fed to it the total power radiated by the antenna will be (A) 4 mW (B) 1 mW (D) 1/4 mW co (B) 2 sin b 2ps l l (D) 2 sin a ps k l m .nodia.

05 m2 (C) 1. A receiving antenna located 100 m away from the transmitting antenna.4m) parabolic dish antenna operating at 4 GHz.p (B) .17 GATE 1998 The radiation resistance of a circular loop of one turn is 0.3.5 cm (B) 15 cm m .p radians 2 (C) . The GATE 2001 progressive phase shift between the elements required for forming the main beam at 60c off the end . four isotropic radiating elements are spaced l/4 apart.p radians 4 MCQ 10.nodia. The total received by the antenna is (A) 10 mW (B) 1 mW (D) 100 mW The vector H in the far field of an antenna satisfies (A) d $ H = 0 and d # H = 0 (B) d $ H ! 0 and d # H ! 0 (C) d $ H = 0 and d # H ! 0 (D) d $ H ! 0 and d # H = 0 MCQ 10. then its (A) bandwidth increases (B) bandwidth decrease (C) gain increases (D) gain decreases MCQ 10. The field is due to (A) a monopole (B) a dipole (D) a quadruple co (D) 150 m For an 8 feet (2.002 W (B) 0.01 W (C) 0.3.3. The effective aperture of the antenna is (A) 0.05 W (D) 0.11 In uniform linear array.18 GATE 1998 An antenna in free space receives 2 mW of power when the incident electric field is 20 mV/m rms.15 GATE 1999 (C) 20 mW MCQ 10.3.77 m2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he lp.005 m2 (B) 0. the minimum distance required for far field measurement is closest to (A) 7.3.13 GATE 2000 (C) 15 m MCQ 10. ga te A transmitting antenna radiates 251 W isotropically.16 GATE 1998 ww w. An electric field on a place is described by its potential V = 20 (r-1 + r-2) where r is the distance from the source. has an effective aperture of 500 cm2 .885 m2 (D) 3. The radiation resistance of five turns of such a loop will be (A) 0.14 GATE 1999 (C) both a monopole and a dipole MCQ 10.3.3.co.fire is : (A) .01 W.p radians 8 If the diameter of a l/2 dipole antenna is increased from l/100 to l/50 .in MCQ 10.25 W MCQ 10.12 GATE 2000 (D) .3.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 661 For View Only Shop Online at www.

3.93 MHz MCQ 10.20 GATE 1998 GATE 1996 (C) 45c MCQ 10. the time average poynting vector at 50 km is (A) Zero (B) 2 ar W/m2 p (D) 40 ar m W/m2 p An antenna can be modeled as an electric dipole of length 5 m at 3 MHz.5 W GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.662 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www.3.32 rad/m and 16.3.66 (D) 2 (B) 1. Find the reduction resistance of the antenna assuming uniform current over the length. what is the phase velocity and phase constant when receiving VHF channel 3 (63 MHz) and VHF 69 (803 MHz) ? (A) 1.3.82 rad/m (D) 1. What is the maximum launching angle from the horizon for which 20 MHz wave will be reflected by the layer ? (A) 0c (B) 30c m .3.24 An antenna located on the surface of a flat earth transmits an average power of 200 kW.19 The maximum usable frequency of an ionospheric layer at 60c incidence and with GATE 1998 8 MHz critical frequency is (A) 16 MHz (B) 16 MHz 3 (C) 8 MHz (D) 6. If the conductors are made of copper separated by air and are 1 mm thick.nodia.52 rad/m and 17.82 rad/m IES EC 2011 (C) 40 m W/m2 p MCQ 10.3. (D) 90c co MCQ 10.23 IES EC 2011 he The directivity of a l/2 long wire antenna is (A) 1.82 rad/m lp. Assuming that all the power is radiated uniformly over the surface of a hemisphere with the antenna at the center.82 rad/m (C) 1.21 The far field of an antenna varies with distance r as (B) 12 (A) 1 r r (C) 13 (D) 1 r r The critical frequency of an ionospheric layer is 10 MHz. g at e The characteristic impedance of TV receiving antenna cable is 300 W.3.32 rad/m and 17.52 rad/m and 16.25 IES EC 2011 ww MCQ 10. (A) 2 W (B) 1 W (C) 4 W (D) 0.22 IES EC 2012 (C) 2 MCQ 10.in MCQ 10.co.5 (B) 1.

List-II 1.in MCQ 10.co. Efficiency of the antenna 4. (B) The driven element and the director are of equal length but the reflector is longer than both of them co (C) 72 W (D) 80 W m A short current element has length l = 0.3. 3. 2.5 m operates at 100 MHz while the other has a length IES EC 2011 of 15 m and operates at 10 MHz.072p2 W . then match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists: List-I a.3.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 663 For View Only Shop Online at www. b. Wr /Wt Wr /4p 4pf/Wt Power gain Directive gain Average power radiated d. The dipoles are fed with same current. and the radiation intensity is f. c. (B) both antennas radiate same power. where l is the wavelength. The radiation resistance for uniform current distribution is (B) 80p2 W (A) 0. The power radiated by the two antennas will be (A) the longer antenna will radiate 10 times more power than the shorter one. the radiated power is Wr .3.03 l . 4pf/Wr Codes : a b c d (A) 3 4 2 1 (B) 4 3 2 1 (C) 3 4 1 2 (D) 4 3 1 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia he (C) The reflector is longer than the driven element which in turn is longer than the director lp. ga te MCQ 10.26 A dipole with a length of 1.3.30 IES EC 2008 ww w. (C) shorter antenna will radiate 10 times more power than the longer antenna (D) longer antenna will radiate MCQ 10.28 IES EC 2010 In a three element Yagi antenna (A) All the three elements are of equal length (D) The reflector is longer than the driven element which in turn is longer than the reflector IES EC 2009 (C) Only bandwidth MCQ 10.27 IES EC 2010 10 times more power than the shorter antenna MCQ 10.29 Multiple member of antennas are arranged in arrays in order to enhance what property ? (A) Both directivity and bandwidth (B) Only directivity (D) Neither directivity nor bandwidth If the total input power to an antenna is Wt .3.nodia.

35 IES EC 2007 (C) 2 W MCQ 10.8 W (B) high radiation efficiency and low directive gain co m (B) decreases . what power would be captured by a receiving antenna of effective area 1 m2 in the bore sight direction at a distance of 1 m ? (A) 10 W (B) 1 W at e For taking antenna far field pattern.3.32 IES EC 2008 As the aperture area of an antenna increases. It is fed with a signal power of 1 W.3.nodia. (D) 0.31 Where does the maximum radiation for an end-fire array occur? IES EC 2008 (A) Perpendicular to the line of the array only (B) Along the line of the array (C) AT 45c to the line of the array (D) Both perpendicular to and along the line of the array MCQ 10.3.in MCQ 10.34 IES EC 2007 MCQ 10. its gain (A) increases (C) remains steady (D) behaves unpredictably MCQ 10. g 2 2 (C) R > D 2 (D) R > 2D l2 2l A transmitting antenna has a gain of 10. what must be the distance R.37 IES EC 2006 Match List I (Type of Antenna) with List II (Example) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww he lp.3. where D is the maximum aperture dimension l and l is the free-space wavelength.3.3. What is the region generally known as ? (A) The near field (B) The far field (C) Quiet zone (D) Induction field MCQ 10.36 IES EC 2007 w.3.33 IES EC 2007 Which one of the following is correct ? Normal mode helical antenna has (A) low radiation efficiency and high directive gain (C) low radiation efficiency and low directive gain (D) high radiation efficiency and high directive gain MCQ 10.664 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www. between transmitting and receiving antennas ? 2 2 2 (B) R > 4D l (A) R > 2D 3 l The Fraunhofer region where the pattern measurement of transmitting antenna has 2 to be taken from a distance of 2D .co. Assuming free-space propagation.

er2 = 1).3.40 IES EC 2003 Assertion (A) : For extremely high frequency ranges or above. b. compared to linear antennas. Reason (R) : The larger the effective area of an antenna.38 IES EC 2003 (C) 60c MCQ 10. The angle of incidence for total reflection is (A) 30c (B) 45c co a 3 4 3 4 b 2 1 1 2 c 4 3 4 3 m .nodia.co.bz) MCQ 10.in List-II Helical antenna Point source antenna Log periodic antenna Microstrip antenna d. d 1 2 2 1 Shop Online at www.42 IES EC 2002 Following antenna is frequently used for local area transmission at UHF/VHF (A) Ground monopole (B) Turnstile antenna (C) Slot antenna (D) Loop antenna GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Aperture antenna Circularly polarized Frequency independent 1. 3. 2. aperture antennas are more useful.3. Isotropic antenna Codes : (A) (B) (C) (D) MCQ 10.39 IES EC 2003 (A) There is one driven element. (D) 75c A TEM wave impinges obliquely on a dielectric-dielectric boundary ( er1 = 2. one director and two reflectors (D) All the four elements are driven elements MCQ 10. two directors and one reflector (C) There are two driven elements.3. 4.41 IES EC 2002 The current distribution along a travelling wave antenna can be written in the form (B) ^Z h = 0 sin bz (A) Z = 0 e-jbz (C) ^Z h = 0 (D) ^Z h = 0 cos (wt . c.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 665 For View Only List-I a.3.3. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 10. ga te he In a four element Yagi-Uda antenna (A) There is one driven element. one director and two reflectors lp. the sharper is the radiated beam.

44 IES EC 2001 (D) turnstile antenna The radiation field of an antenna at a distance r varies as (A) 1/r (B) 1/r 2 (C) 1/r 3 (D) 1/r 4 IES EC 2001 (C) left circularly polarized (D) elliptically polarized MCQ 10.47 IES EC 2001 MCQ 10. radio waves reflected from the F -layer suffer negligible attenuation since D -and E -layers are absent during the night-time. the capacitance of the unexcited patch is (B) LW/e0 er h (A) LW/er h lp.5 MHz he In a certain microstrip patch antenna. the unexcited patch is of length L. g (C) 15 MHz at e A radio communication link is to be established via the ionosphere. the transmitting antenna used is a IES EC 2001 (A) parabolic dish (B) vertical antenna (C) Yagi antenna MCQ 10. The virtual height at the mid-point of the path is 300 km and the critical frequency is 9 MHz . the current in successive antennas must lag in phase. The maximum usable frequency for the link between the stations of distance 800 km assuming flat earth is (A) 11.co. Reason (R) : In the night-time.3.49 IES EC 2001 Assertion (A) : For an end-fire array.in MCQ 10. Reason (R) : Radiation of successive antennas will cancel along the axis. Then. co (D) e0 er LW/h (B) right circularly polarized m MCQ 10.45 The wave radiated by a helical antenna is (A) linearly polarized .666 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www.3. width W . (A) Both A and B are true and R is the correct explanation of A w.nodia. thickness of the substrate being h and its relative permittivity er .25 MHz (B) 12 MHz (D) 25.3.43 For frequencies up to 1650 kHz.46 IES EC 2001 (C) er LW/h MCQ 10.3.3.3.48 IES EC 2001 (B) Both A and R are true and but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 10. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Assertion (A) : Programmes broadcast by radio stations operating in the medium wave band of 550 to 1650 kHz situated at long distance in excess of 500 km cannot be heard during day-time but may be heard during night time.3.

co.3. 3 and 4 (C) 1.in (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true MCQ 10.50 IES EC 2001 Assertion (A) : The radio horizon for space wave is more than the optical horizon.6 W MCQ 10. 3. 2 and 4 (B) 2.nodia. 3 and 4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Reason (R) : The atmosphere has varying density.51 What is the radiation resistance of a dipole antenna l/20 long approximately equal to ? (A) 2 W (B) 40 W m . 4. (A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A (C) A is true but R is false (D) A is false but R is true IES EE 2008 (C) 0.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 667 For View Only Shop Online at www. *********** he Consider the following statements about the effective length of a half wave dipole (Elevation angle q is measured from the dipole axis) : 1.52 IES EE 2004 2. Effective length is a function of q lp. co (D) 20 W MCQ 10.3.3. ga te Effective length is the same for the antenna in transmitting and receiving modes. Effective length is maximum for q = p/2 Maximum effective length is larger than physical length Which of the statements given above are correct ? (A) 1. 2 and 3 (D) 1.

for the Hertzian dipole of length l/50 .in SOL 10.1.1. g at e he lp. the length of the monopole antenna will be given as l = l/4 where l is the operating wavelength of the antenna given as 8 l = c = 3 # 10 6 = 12 m f 25 # 10 Thus. co m SOL 10.1. both the positions are at far zone(radiation zone).3 cos wt mA So. the magnitude of the current flowing in the antenna is I 0 = 83.668 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only SOLUTIONS 10.2 SOL 10.nodia.3 # 10-3 A and from the figure we get the location of point P as r = 100 Km = 105 m GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. the antenna is quarter wave monopole so.1 Option (D) is correct.1 Shop Online at www. the current fed to the antenna is i (t) = 83. Given. we get the length of antenna as l = 12 = 3 m 4 Option (D) is correct. Given. we have 2 ^l/50h2 r0 = = l 1250 l Since r = 2l > r0 5 and r = l > r0 5 So.3 Option (C) is correct.co. r0 = 2d l So. The boundary between near and far zone is defined by r = r0 (distance from the antenna) as 2 where d is the length of dipole. the operating frequency of the antenna is f = 25 MHz Since. the near and far zones of the field are as following : Near zone for r > r0 and far zone for r > r0 Now. .

h k dz 0 z2 h (given h = 50 m ) = :z .75h2 times of the value obtained for I 0 and due to the same reason the radiation resistance will down to ^0.3 # 10-3h^1 h = = 5 # 10-5 = 50 mV/m 2p ^105h^1 h SOL 10.5 # 10 he Option (A) is correct. Since.1.75 times the uniform current I 0 therefore. the radiation resistance of the antenna is given as 2 2 Rrad = 80p2 b dl l = 80p2 b 7. the amplitude of current decreases linearly toward zero at the top so.75h2 . the current amplitude at a height z above the plane is given as I ^z h = I 0 a1 . Length of antenna. ga te Option (B) is correct. the current has the step distribution and both the current levels are distributed for equal intervals so.2h D = h .5 SOL 10.4 W l GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. 2 i.1.97 W l 1. f = 2 MHz = 2 # 106 Hz So. co m .nodia. Rrad = ^0.in and q = p/2 Therefore. the electric field strength at point P is given as h0 I 0 cos a p cos q k 2 Efs = 2pr sin q ^120ph^83.5 2 l = 1. the average current flowing in the antenna is 0. the effective length of the antenna is h z le = a1 .80p2 b dl l E = 0. Therefore.co.5625 880p2 ^0.75h2 times the value for a uniform current. the operating wavelength of the antenna is 8 l = c = 3 # 106 = 1.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 669 For View Only Shop Online at www.75I 0 2 Since.e.h = h = 25 m 2 2 0 # lp. the radiated power will be ^0.z k h where I 0 is amplitude of source current and h is the height of the antenna. dl = 7.5 m Operating frequency. the average current will be given as I0 + I 0 Iavg = 2 = 0.03h2B = 0.1.5 # 102 f 2 # 10 Therefore.6 Option (A) is correct.3 # 10-3h cos a p cos 90ck 2 = p 5 2p ^10 h sin 2 ^120ph^83. Since.4 SOL 10.

l >> b so. f = 0. the radiation resistance of the antenna is defined as 2 Rrad = 80p2 b dl l l So.2 # 10 Now. Since.in SOL 10. l 5 i.9 Option (A) is correct. b = 30 cm = 30 # 10-2 m So. Rrad = 31. i (t) = I 0 cos ^2p # 107 t h Radius of the circular loop.6 = 80p2 b dl l l dl . putting all values we get 2 31.2 # 109 Hz Radiation resistance. Rrad = 320p S 4 l 320p4 # ^lb2h2 (S = pb2 ) = l4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.6 W So. g Option (D) is correct. Current flowing in the antenna.8 SOL 10. i.1.670 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 SOL 10.nodia.827 m m . Operating frequency.2 GHz = 0. we get the operating frequency of the antenna as 7 f = 2p # 10 = 107 Hz 2p The operating wavelength of the antenna is 8 l = c = 3 # 10 = 30 m 7 f 10 Since.e.e.1. Antenna is one fifth wave dipole. we get Rrad = 60 W 2 2 dl 80p b l = 60 l 2 80p2 c dl m = 60 c /f 2 1/2 8 ( f = 100 MHz ) dl = = 60 2 # c 3 # 10 6 m G 80p 100 # 10 = 0. Rrad = Z 0 where Z 0 is characteristic impedance so. co For View Only Shop Online at www. at e he lp. the dipole must match the line impedance.7 Option (B) is correct. the radiation resistance of the antenna is given as 4 2 where S is area of the circular loop.2 l dl . 0.co. the operating wavelength of antenna is 8 l = c = 3 # 10 9 = 1.5 m f 0.1.

5 # 106 # 4p # 10-7 Rs = = s 2.8 # 107 = 2. the surface resistance of the antenna is pfm0 p # 0.1.8 # 107 S/m The surface resistance of antenna is given as pfm0 p # 108 # 4p # 10-7 Rs = = s 5.5 # 106 Hz So.9 # 107 -4 = 2. Operating frequency.5 # 10 o = 1.61 # 10-4hb 2pa 2p # 4 # 10-2 l = 0. s = 5.nodia.97 h r = Rrad = = 98.6% Rrad + Rl 1.104 W a 5 # 10 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.003076 W = 3.9 # 107 S/m Length of antenna. So. the loss resistance of the antenna is given as 30 Rl = Rs b dl l = ^2.1.11 SOL 10. the radiation efficiency of the antenna is 1. a = 5 mm = 5 # 10-3 m Conductivity of copper. b = 20 cm = 20 # 10-2 m Cross sectional radius of wire.5 MHz = 0.031 he lp. we get 2 (l = c/f ) Rrad = 80p2 # c 30 m c/f 6 2 = 80p2 # e 30 # 0. dl = 30 m Operating frequency f = 0.co.1. Option (A) is correct.61 # 10 W Therefore. f = 100 MHz = 108 Hz Radius of circular loop. s = 2.10 SOL 10. the loss resistance of the antenna is -2 Rl = b b l Rs = 20 # 10 3 # 2.12 Option (B) is correct.61 # 10-3 W So.97 8 ^3 # 10 h Therefore. Cross sectional radius of antenna.97 + 0.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 6 671 For View Only Shop Online at www.61 # 10-3 = 0.in 320 # p # ^30 # 10-2h4 = ^30h4 = 0. a = 4 cm = 4 # 10-2 m Conductivity of the antenna. Given. ga te Option (D) is correct. The radiation resistance of the antenna is defined as 2 Rrad = 80p2 b dl l l where dl is the length of the antenna and l is the operating wavelength.031 W co m .076 mW SOL 10.

Radiated power of an antenna is defined as I 2 ^dl h2 (1) Prad = h b2 12p 0 where I is the current in the antenna.5 mW w.672 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww SOL 10.3c Therefore.13 Option (D) is correct. the magnitude of the current flowing in the antenna is I 0 = 41. comparing equation (1) and (2).14 Option (D) is correct. we get E q max = 1 90Prad R 1 ( Prad = 0. the maximum electric field intensity at a distance R from the antenna is defined as hb (2) E q max = b Idl l 0 4p R So.in SOL 10.4 # 103 10 # 103 = 19 mV/m at e he lp.G SOL 10. So. Given that the quarter wave monopole antenna is connected to transmission line.5 + j21. the load impedance of transmission line will be the input impedance of monopole antenna.5h + 75 = 0.25h . current flowing in the antenna is i (t) = 41.4 kW ) = 90 # 0. ZL = Zin Since.co.Z 0 = ZL + Z 0 ^36.1.7 mA Now. the standing wave ratio along the transmission line is 1+ G S = = 2.5 + j21.5 + j21. dl is the length of the antenna and b is the phase constant.1. co m .265 1. radiation resistance is Rrad .e.nodia.75 G = ZL . Given.1. for a quarter wave monopole antenna. the average power radiated by the antenna is given as 2 Prad = 1 I 0 Rrad = 1 # ^41.3874 < 140. the input impedance of quarter wave monopole antenna is Zin = ^36. i. 73 W So.7 # 10-3h2 # 73 2 2 = 63. g For View Only Shop Online at www. Now.25h W So the reflection coefficient of transmission line is given as ^36.15 Option (D) is correct.7 cos wt mA So.

the radiated power of an antenna in terms of current I 0 flowing in the antenna is defined as (1) Prad = 1 ^I 0h2 Rrad 2 where Rrad is the radiation resistance of the antenna.1. Prad = 250 mW = 0.nodia. the power will be radiated only over the upper half space and therefore. So.e.17 As the current is distributed linearly. the average current in the antenna is Iavg = I 0 2 Since.25 W Length of antenna.01l Now.25 = 1 # I 0 # 80p2 b dl l 8 l 2 2 2 0.in SOL 10.e.1.co. the current is linearly distributed over the antenna So. the radiation resistance of the antenna will reduces to half of its value 2 2 i.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 673 SOL 10. the average current flowing in the antenna is half of the uniform current I 0 therefore.33 or.80p2 b dl l E = 40p2 b dl l 2 l l he For View Only Shop Online at www.e. Prad = 1 b 1 I 02 Rrad l 4 2 2 2 0. Length of antenna. Since. co m .01h 2 I 0 = 25.2 GHz So. the monopole antenna is extending over the conducting plane so. I 0 = 5.02h2 G = 14. SOL 10. the average current flowing in the antenna is half of the uniform current I 0 therefore. f = 0. the operating wavelength of the Hertzian dipole is i. Prad = 4 W Since.02l Total radiated power.40p2 b dl l E 2 2 l 1/2 2Prad 1/2 = 2#4 or.2 A >10p2 b dl l H l Option (A) is correct.03 A lp. dl = 0. I0 = 2 =10p2 ^0. Total radiated power.18 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. Operating frequency.16 Option (B) is correct. the radiated power will be 1 th of the value obtained for I 0 .1. ga te Option (D) is correct. 4 2 2 Prad = 1 b I 0 l .25 = I 0 ^10p h^0. Rrad = 1 . the radiated power will be 1 th of the value obtained for uniform current 4 in equation (1) i. we get the average current in the antenna as Iavg = I 0 2 Since. dl = 0.

The time average power density of the incident wave is defined in terms of received power as Pave = Pr Ae where.max = 0.674 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only SOL 10.5h2 1. the maximum effective area of the dipole is (maximum value of sin q is 1) Ae. the effective area of the dipole is defied as 2 Ae = l Gd 4p where Gd is the directive gain and since the directive gain of Hertzian dipole is 1. For a quarter-wave monopole antenna pattern function is cos 8^p/2h cos qB f ^q h = sin q So. co m Shop Online at www. the maximum effective area of the Hertzian dipole is Ae = 0.27 sin2 q Ae = 4p ^ Therefore.5 sin2 q so. fh-"sin qdqdf.27 m2 So. Pr is the received power and Ae is the effective aperture area and as calculated in the previous question.20 ww Option (D) is correct.5 sin2 qh = 0. we get ^1. fh = f 2 ^q h cos2 8^p/2h cos qB = sin2 q Therefore.2 # 10 Now.1. he lp.5 m f 0. the normalized radiation intensity of the quarter wave monopole antenna is given as U ^q. the directivity of quarter wave monopole antenna is D = 4pU max Prad GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia w.27 # #U^q.nodia. putting this value. the maximum radiation intensity is U max = 1 Now. the power radiated by the quarter wave monopole antenna is evaluated as cos2 9 p cos qC 2 = sin qdqdf sin2 q 0 0 = ^2ph^0.1.in 8 l = c = 3 # 10 9 = 1.27 m2 .56 mW/m2 0.609h Therefore.co. g Prad = at e # # p/2 2p Option (C) is correct.19 SOL 10.5 # 10 = 5. we get the average power density of the incident wave as -6 Pave = 1.

76 Prad = 16. From the given value of radiation intensity. co m Option (B) is correct.21 SOL 10.22 SOL 10. ga te # Option (A) is correct.9 Watt he # # Option (C) is correct. fh is radiation intensity in a particular direction and Uav is the average radiation intensity.8 Watt So. fh = Uave where.23 SOL 10.609h Shop Online at www. the output radiated power is given as Prad = hPin = ^0. As the radiation intensity in all directions are same so. D = 4pU max = 4p # 1 0. So.1.53 lp.94 = 0. the directivity of antenna is defined as D = 4pU max Prad So.546 D = 4pU max = 2 Prad p /2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in .24 Option (B) is correct. fh = Uave Uave Therefore the directivity of the antenna is D = Gd.co. fh Uave = =1 Gd ^q.95h # ^0. h = 95% Input power of antenna. U max = 1.94 Since. we get maximum radiation intensity of the antenna as U max = 1 So.nodia.1. radiated power of the antenna is given as 4p ^1.5 W/Sr Directivity of antenna. D = 20. U ^q.8h = 0.5h Prad = 20. U ^q. the directive gain in a particular direction is U ^q. the radiated power of the antenna is evaluated as p/2 2 2p Prad = U ^q. fh sin qdqdf = ^sin qh^sin qdqdfh = p 2 q=0 f=0 Therefore. the directivity of antenna is evaluated as .1.76 Watt Therefore.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 675 For View Only = SOL 10.max = 1 4p = 3. Maximum radiation intensity. Maximum radiation intensity. the directivity of antenna is 4p ^ 1 h = 2. U max = 1 W/Sr Efficiency of antenna. Pin = 0.28 ^2ph^0.1.

So. the directivity of the antenna is 4p ^ 4 h =4 D = 4pU max = 4p Prad Option (D) is correct. Given. The three element antenna array has the current ratio 1 : 2 : 1 f=0 q=0 U ^q h sin qdqdf m .1. i. a =0 and separation between the antennas as obtained from the above shown figure is d = l/2 w. so the phase difference between the currents will be zero.1. 4 0 < q < p/3 U ^q h = * 0 p/3 < q < p So.nodia. As shown below the three element array displaced by l/2 . Now we split all the elements with current I 0 as shown below : GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Since the currents are in same phase. co p = 4 # 2p 6.e.in SOL 10.25 Option (C) is correct. the field pattern of antenna.676 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www. g Now all the four elements are carrying current I 0 0c and separation between them are d = l/2 . this array can be replaced by two array antenna with two elements as shown below : at e he We can split the middle element to two elements each of them carrying current I 0 0c as shown below.26 SOL 10.1.cos q@0 /3 = 4p Therefore.27 Option (B) is correct. the total radiated power of the antenna is given as Prad = # # 2p p/3 SOL 10.co. lp.

in The three current elements I 0 located at the same position can be treated as the single element carrying current 3I 0 as shown below : Thus. ga te he lp. co m .Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 677 For View Only Shop Online at www.co. the current ratio will be 1 : 3 : 3 : 1 of the four element array. *********** GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.nodia.

co m SOL 10.nodia. Hfs = # 2 24p # 10 4 = 1. putting all the given values. So.5hb 2p lb l l 2p l 100 Hfs = sin 60ce-jb l l^100lh 4p ^100lh j 3 = # 2 4 # 10 4h l ^ 8 As. i (t) = 0.1486 # 10-6 sin ^wt + 90ch = 1. g at e he lp.2.1486 # 10-6 e j90c A/m Thus. we get . Current in the dipole. q.5 and from the shown figure.1 Option (B) is correct.co.5 sin 108 t A Length of the dipole.in j ^0. the net magnetic field intensity at point P will be H = Im ^Hfs e jwt afh = 1. The field intensities of the Hertzian monopole are defined as jhI 0 bdl E qs = sin qe-jbr 4pr jI bdl and Hfs = 0 sin qe-jbr 4pr So. ( w = 108 rad/s ) l = 2pc = 2p # 3 # 10 = 6p 8 w 10 j 3 Therefore. the magnitude of the current flowing in dipole is I 0 = 0.678 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only SOLUTIONS 10.2.15 sin ^108 t + 90ch mA/m SOL 10. we get r = 100l and q = 60c Now. the magnetic field components at any point ^r. dl is the length of dipole and b is phase constant. dl = l/100 So. the time average power of the Hertzian monopole is GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2 Shop Online at www. fh due to hertizian dipole located at origin are defined as H qs = Hrs = 0 jI bdl and Hfs = 0 sin qe-jbr 4pr where I 0 is the magnitude of current flowing in Hertzian dipole.2 Option (B) is correct.

= 1 b I 0 dl l 0 2 sin2 q 2 4p 2 r Now. 0 < f < 2p for Hertzian 2 monopole. the radiation intensity of the antenna is given as ^I 0 dl h2 U ^q. the integral is taken in the range 0 < q < p .in 2 h b2 Pave = 1 Re "Es # Hs*.nodia. ga te # # p 2p # U^q.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 679 For View Only Shop Online at www.2. putting the values obtained above we get the directivity of Hertzian monopole antenna as 4p ^ 1 h D = =3 ^4p/3h # # SOL 10. fh^sin qdqdfh . The field intensities of Hertzian dipole antenna are defined as jI bdl sin qe-jbr Hfs = 0 4pr E qs = hHfs So. fh = r2 Pave = h0 b 2 sin2 q 32p2 So.co. the total radiated power of the antenna is Prad = = ^I 0 dl h2 ^I 0 dl h2 2 3 2 8p 2 h0 b sin qdqdf = 2 h0 b b 3 l 32p 32p 0 0 Since. # co # m Prad = # U^q. the directive gain of the antenna is defined as GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. we get p/2 2p ^I 0 dl h2 Prad = h0 b 2 sin2 q sin qdqdf 32p2 0 0 p/2 2p ^I 0 dl h2 ^I 0 dl h2 = h0 b 2 =d h0 b 2 b 4p l sin3 qdq nc df mG = 3 32p2 32p2 0 0 Since. the directivity of an antenna is defined as D = 4pU max Prad So. fh^sin qdqdfh he lp. fh = r2 Pave ^I 0 dl h2 = h0 b 2 sin2 q 32p2 So. So.3 Option (B) is correct. average radiated power of the antenna is given as 2 h b2 Pave = 1 Re Es # Hs* = 1 b I 0 dl l 0 2 sin2 q 2 4p 2 r The radiation intensity of the antenna is defined as U ^q. the maximum radiation intensity is ^I 0 dl h2 (maximum value of sin q = 1) U max = h0 b 2 32p2 As the radiated power of an antenna is given as where.

2. we get f2 ^q h = cos . I1s = I 0 0c nd Current in the 2 antenna I2s = I 0 180c Separation between two antennas d = l/2 So. the phase difference between the two currents is a = 180c= p rad . Current in 1st antenna. g at e he lp.e. So. Option (B) is correct.4 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Now..in SOL 10. the group pattern function of the two antenna is defined as f2 ^q h = cos :1 ^bd cos q + ahD 2 where a is the phase difference.680 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only 4pU ^q.1 b 2p l cos q + p lE = cos :1 ^p cos q + phD 2 l 2 2 This field pattern is plotted as below : w.nodia. b is phase constant and d is the separation between two antennas. the unit pattern function of both the antenna) is where q is angle with z -axis f1 ^q h = cos q The field pattern of f1 ^q h has been plotted below : co m . we get the directive gain of the Hertzian dipole antenna as 4p ^sin2 qh Gd = = 3 sin2 q 2 8p/3 Gd = Shop Online at www.co. fh Prad Therefore. The unit pattern function of a Hertzian dipole antenna (i.

.e.co. d = l/4 Phase difference between the currents. the obtained plot for the antenna array has been shown below : SOL 10. the unit pattern function of both the antenna) is where q is angle with z -axis f1 ^q h = cos q This field pattern has been plotted below : lp.2. So. ga te he Option (D) is correct. the group pattern function of the two antenna is defined as f2 ^q h = cos :1 ^bd cos q + ahD 2 where a is the phase difference between the currents in the dipole. b is phase constant and d is the separation between two antennas.p/2 The unit pattern function of a Hertzian dipole antenna (i.in Therefore. f ^q h = 6f1 ^q h@ # 6f2 ^q h@ Thus.e. the field pattern f2 ^q h is as plotted below GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. co m . a =.p lE 2 l 4 2 = cos <1 c p cos q . Separation between the two antennas. the resultant pattern f ^q h of the antenna array will be drawn by just multiplying these two patterns i. we get f2 ^q h = cos .Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 681 For View Only Shop Online at www.5 Now.nodia. So.p mF 2 2 2 It’s null (zero) will be at q = p and maxima will be at q = 0c.1 b 2p l cos q .

1 = 2N .1h N ^N .1 2 Therefore.2... Maximum electric field.1h^N . / = 1+N+ 2! 3! = ^1 + 1hN ..e j^N .. r = 40 km = 40 # 103 m Total radiated power is Prad = 100 kW = 105 W The average radiated power of an antenna is defined as Pave = 1 Re "Es # Hs*.7 Option (A) is correct.1 -jy/2 N-1 N-1 1 1 So.1 e jy/2 e + e jy/2 ^AF hn = N .1 f ^q h = cos b l 2 SOL 10. the resultant pattern f ^q h of the antenna array will be drawn by just multiplying these two patterns i..682 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www.. 2 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia SOL 10.6 ww w.1 1 + e jy 2 2 1 = N . = N .co.in Option (B) is correct. The normalized array factor for the antenna is given as N ^N .e.1 cos y/2 N . f ^q h = 6f1 ^q h@ # 6f2 ^q h@ Thus.1hy ^AF hn = / 1 + Ne jy + 2! where y = ^bd cos q + ah N ^N . g at e he lp.2h and + + . co Therefore.1 N .1h j2y 1 e + .nodia.2. E max = 6 mV/m = 6 # 10-3 V/m Location of point of field maxima. the group pattern function of the array is bd cos q + a N . the obtained pattern for the antenna array has been shown below : m .

s = 1. the effective area of the antenna is 70% of it’s actual area so.max = ^0.9 Option (B) is correct. Minimum detectable power. Consider the maximum power gain is G p and directive gain is Gd so. f = 3 GHz = 3 # 109 Hz Target cross section. 2 Therefore. Prad = 30 kW = 30 # 103 W Operating frequency.8 m Since.13 # 10-3 W Now.7h # ^p # ^1. the maximum radiation intensity of the antenna is 2 2 2 E U max = r Re "Es # Hs*.8h2h = 7. co For View Only Shop Online at www.20.18 dB m .2. the received power by the target located at its maximum range is Pr = Pmin = 0.95 # ^0.co.95h D ^D = Gd. = r E bH = h l 2 2 h 3 2 r2 E 2 = ^40 # 10 h 6 10-3h2 = ^ maxh ^h0 = 120ph 2 # 120p # ^ # 2h Since.13 mW Transmitted power.95h Gd Therefore.12 # 10 he lp.maxh -3 = 0. the operating wavelength of the antenna is 8 l = c = 3 # 109 = 0.nodia. in decibel the directivity is given as 10 log 10 D =. Pmin = 0. the radiation intensity of the antenna is given as U ^q. the directivity of an antenna is defined as D = 4pU max Prad 4p # ^40 # 103h2 # ^6 # 10-3h2 So. a = 1.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 683 SOL 10. ( hr = 95% ) G p = hr Gd = ^0.0096 2 # 120p # 105 Therefore.8 SOL 10. the maximum power gain is G p.25 m2 Radius of antenna.0096h = 0.95h Gd.max = ^0.in So. So. the effective area of the antenna is Ae = 70 # ^pa2h = ^0. fh = r2 Pave 2 = r Re "Es # Hs*.125 m2 100 As the maximum range is the point where the received power is equal to the minimum detectable power.00912 = 9. we get D = = 0.1 m f 3 # 10 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.13 mW = 0. ga te Option (B) is correct.2. the radiation efficiency is defined as G hr = p Gd or.

nodia.3 m So. the maximum field intensity at the observation point is given as E q max = I 0 dl h0 b = I 0 h0 b # 2le 4p R 4pR As.2 m 2 Therefore. the time average power density at half of the range of the radar is ^2850ph # 30 # 103 Pave = Gd Prad = 4pr2 4p ^292.13 # 10-3 ^4ph3 = 584.35 W/m2 he lp.10 SOL 10. So.25h 30 # 103 rmax = > H 0.125h Gd = 4pAe = l2 ^0.2. As calculated in previous question. the directive gain of the antenna is given as 4p # ^7. the maximum detectable range of radar is rmax = 584.83 mV/m Option (B) is correct.2.2. the maximum detectable range of the antenna is defined as 1/4 2 2 s rmax = =l G d 3 Prad G ^4ph Pr where Pr is the received power by the target located at its maximum range. putting all the values in the above expression. the maximum field intensity at the observation point is 50 -4 E q max = # ^120ph # 12p # 10 # 2 # 20 4p # ^8 # 10 4h = 0. R = 80 km = 8 # 10 4 m So. l = 20 m Location of the observation point.in So.2h2 = 250. we get 1/4 ^0. the operating wavelength is 8 4 l = c = 3 # 10 3 = 10 6 f 180 # 10 and so the phase constant is b = 2p = 2p4 # 6 = 12p # 10-4 l 10 Therefore.002827 = 2.27 m m .684 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 SOL 10. half of the range will be at the position r = 1 rmax = 292.1h2 ^2850ph2 ^1.12 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.co. g at e Option (A) is correct. Current amplitude I 0 = 50 A Operating frequency. f = 180 kHz = 180 # 103 Hz Effective length.1h2 = 2850p Since.11 Option (D) is correct. The time average power density of antenna is defined as SOL 10. co For View Only Shop Online at www.

ga te Option (D) is correct.2.43 2 10 2 I0 ^50h = 0.61 # 10 W SOL 10.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 685 For View Only Pave = 1 Re "Es # Hs*.37 W = 0. the time average radiated power is given as Prad = Shop Online at www.nodia. Cross sectional radius of wire a = 6 mm = 6 # 10-3 m Radius of the circular loop. 2 So.43 kW # # # # # # # m # . N = 10 So. the radiation resistance of the antenna is given as 4 4 1 -4 Rrad = N 2 # 320p6 b b l = 102 # 320 # p6 b W 2 l = 2.5 MHz = 0.15 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. As calculated in previous question the time average radiated power is Prad = 0.5 # 10 Therefore. radiation resistance of the antenna is Rrad = 2.43 kW Amplitude of the current in the antenna is I 0 = 50 A So.13 SOL 10. of turns. the surface resistance of the antenna is given as pfm0 p # 0.14 Option (D) is correct. co p/2 2p Eq 2 Pave : dS = 1 R2 sin qdqdf h0 2 0 0 S p/2 2p R2 I 0 h b 2l 2 sin qdqdf =1 h 0 b 4p R 0 # e l 2 0 0 p/2 2p I b 2l 2 =1 h0 b 0 # e l sin qdqdf 2 0 4p 0 I b 2l 2 p/2 = 1 # 2p # h 0 b 0 # e l sin qdq 2 4p 0 2 -4 = p # 120p # b 50 # 12p # 10 # 2 # 20 l # 1 4p = 426. the operating wavelength of the antenna is 8 l = c = 3 # 10 6 = 6 # 102 m f 0.2. the radiation resistance of the antenna is given as 3 # Rrad = 2Prad = 2 # 0.5 # 106 Hz No. f = 0.in SOL 10.co.37 # 10 l 6 # 10 Option (A) is correct.9 # 107 -4 = 2.34 W he lp. As calculated in the previous question.2.37 # 10-4 W So. b = 1m Operating frequency.5 # 106 # 4p # 10-7 Rs = = s 2.

2.nodia.cos ^1.co. g at e he lp.cos bh F ^q h = sin q Since. co For View Only Shop Online at www. the loss resistance of the antenna is 1 -4 Rl = N # b b l Rs = 10 # b -3 l # 2. 1000h lies along the axial direction of antenna carrying current in az direction. the height of dipole antenna is h = l/8 . Radiation function of the dipole antenna of height h is defined as cos ^bh cos qh . I 0 = 4 A (i (t) = 4 cos wt A ) Length of the antenna. the point P ^0. dl = 0.25ph F ^q h = sin q This function has been drawn as to obtain the pattern shown below : m . the electric field component in free space is defined as E qs = h0 Hfs GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww Option (D) is correct.055% Rrad + Rl SOL 10.686 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 SOL 10. the radiation efficiency of the antenna is hrad = Rrad = 0. 0.16 Option (B) is correct.17 So. we have Amplitude of the current in antenna.25 cos qh . so it’s contribution to the field will be zero. So.61 # 10 a 6 # 10 = 0. Since. we get cos ^1. Now for the antenna carrying current along ax direction.in Therefore.435 W Thus.2.1 m The position of point P is r = 1000 and q = 90c as shown in the figure below : w.

the antenna are carrying current along ax and az while the point is located at y -axis so.2. in the time domain E ^ t h = Re ^Es e j coth = ^1. 0. summing the fields obtained due to the two antennas in previous question. at point P (r = 100 .2 # 10-2h e-j1000 ax V/m Similarly. The field component due to the current element is given as E qs = 10 sin qe-j10pr p So. co SOL 10. the field at t = 0 at point ^0. E qs will be same in both cases but the phase angle will change due to the change in location of current element. at point Q ^1000.in . 0h is E =-^9. we get. both the antenna will contribute to the field.2 # 10-2h e-j1000 az V/m = h0 b Shop Online at www.2 # 10-2h e-j1000 ^ax + az h So.20 Option (C) is correct.1e V/m SOL 10. Since.co.j ^1. Since.l h where l is the difference between the length of point P from two locations as shown in figure below : GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.2 # 10-2 e-j1000 V/m Since. the vertical element is shifted from origin to a point y = 0. we get the net electric field as Es = E qs a q = j ^1.92 # 10-3h^ax + az h V/m m jI 0 bdl sin qe-jbr l 4p r j ^120ph^4hb 2p l^0. Es =.1h 2p 2p 2p = sin 90ce-j 2p ^1000h bb = l l 4p ^1000h = j1. Therefore. rest of the components of field will be zero so. So. the field intensity at point P due to the new location of vertical element is given as (1) E qs1 = E qs e-j10p^r .2 # 10-2h sin ^wt .1 on the y -axis the distance of point P from the two locations of antenna is approximately same and therefore the magnitude of field component.19 Option (D) is correct. f = p/6 ) E qs = 10 sin a p k e-j10p^100h 100 2 -j1000p = 0.2 # 10-2 e-j1000h^. 0h the contribution due to antenna carrying current along x -axis will be zero while the electric field due to antenna along az will be Es =.j ^1.18 Option (C) is correct.1000h^ax + az h V/m Thus.nodia. ga te he lp.2.j ^1.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 687 For View Only SOL 10.ax h =.2. q = p/2 . 1000.

06l l = 2.2z and for 0 # z # l I 2 ^z h = I 0 b 2 l l Therefore.e. Length of wire.22 Option (B) is correct.2. radiation resistance is given as 2 Rrad = 80p2 b dl l l GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.5p V/m co m .84 W l But.co.2.1 cos a p k = 0. the average current in the element is given as I 0 b l + 2z l + I 0 b l . 4 1 R = 1 2. f = 0. we get the field component as E qs1 = 0. using geometry we get the length l as l = 0.21 Option (B) is correct. Radiation resistance of a short circuit current element is determined as 2 where l is the length of dipole Rrad = 80p2 b l l l 2 Rrad = 80p2 b 0. Now. the average current flowing in the antenna is half of the uniform current I 0 therefore.2z l l l I1 ^ z h + I 2 ^ z h Iavg = = = I0 2 2 2 Since. we get for l # z # 0 I1 ^z h = I 0 b l + 2z l 2 l l .in SOL 10.3 GHz = 0. we determine the average current through the element.01 m Operating frequency.84 = 0. the radiated power will be 1 th of the value obtained for I 0 and due to 4 the same reason the radiation resistance will down to 1 th of its value.3 # 109 Hz Cross section radius. r = 1 mm = 10-3 m So.1e-j1000p e j0. from the given expression of current in the element. Now.05 3 Putting the value in equation (1).688 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only Shop Online at www. as the current is not uniform so.1e-j1000p e j10p^ l h = 0. g at e he lp. 6Rrad@net = 4 rad 4 # SOL 10. dl = 1 cm = 0.nodia.71 W i.

= Prad = = 1.m.3 # 10 h^4p # 10-7h^5. 5 125 l As the radiated power of the antenna is defined as Prad = 1 ^I 0h2 Rrad 2 ( Ir.01 So.0072 W Therefore.23 Shop Online at www. operating wavelength of antenna is 8 l = c = 3 # 10 9 = 0.01 = 80p2 = 0.m.82 # 10-6h = 0.2. f = 0. Prad = 2 W Operating frequency.8 # 107h -6 = 3. Length of antenna. co m .6 # 109 Hz So. the radiation resistance of the antenna is given as 2 2 2 Rrad = 80p2 b dl l = 80p2 b 0. ga te *********** he lp.82 # 10 0.s. the rms current in the antenna is 2 Ir.nodia.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 689 For View Only SOL 10.07895 W bl = f l 8 3 # 10 p fc 0.m.26 A Rrad ^16p2 /125h GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w.in 2 c 0.6 # 10 Therefore.h2 Rrad So.8 # 10 h^2p # 10-3h^3.5 m f 0. the ohmic resistance of the wire is defined as Rl = L s2pad where s " Conductivity a " Radius of the cross section d " Skin depth L " Length of the wire Since.977 . the skin depth of the wire is given as 1 1 d = = 9 pfms p ^0. the ratio of the radiation resistance to the ohmic resistance of wire will be Rrad = 10.s.3 # 109 m Now.6 GHz = 0.s = I 0 / 2 ) = ^Ir. we get Rl = 7 ^5.co. 11 Rl Option (D) is correct.02 l = 16p 0.02 m Radiated power. dl = 2 cm = 0.

co # # m SOL 10.co.1 Option (B) is correct. The beam-width of Hertzian dipole is 180c so. the given antenna has the radiation pattern (0 # q # p/2 ) U (q) = cos 4 q So. g at e # # lp.3 Shop Online at www. D (in dB) = 10 log 10 = 10 dB ( f = 20 GHz ) (efficiency. its half power beam-width is 90c. Using the method of images. Option (A) is correct.690 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only SOLUTIONS 10. the directivity of the antenna is D = 1 = 10 10 or.3.3.2 Option (D) is correct. the maximum radiation intensity is U max = 1 The average radiation intensity is 2p 2p Uave = 1 F (q.3 w. f) dW = 1 . Since. the configuration is as shown below GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia .4 10 log 10 G p = 44. The operating wavelength of the antenna is 8 l = c = 3 # 10 9 = 3 200 f 20 # 10 Therefore. SOL 10.3.cos q lE = 1 . the gain of parabolic antenna is given as 2 Gp = hp2 b D l l 2 = 0.0 + D 5 10 4p # : 4p # 5 Therefore.87 dB Option (C) is correct. f) sin qdq dfE 4p 4p 0 0 p/2 p/2 5 2p cos 4 q sin qdqdfE = 1 . h = 70% ) 100 or.2p b.4 3 ww SOL 10.nodia.3. F (q. 5 4p 4p 0 0 0 1 1 = 1 2p = 1 = 2p .in # he SOL 10. The directivity of an antenna is defined as D = U max Uave where U max is the maximum radiation intensity of the antenna and Uave is the average radiation intensity.7 # p2 c 1 m = 30705.

we get Prad = Pin = 1 mW Again the directive gain of the antenna is given 10 log Gd (q.5 # 103 Option (B) is correct. f) = Prad Since. Gd (q. = cos c l 4 m = cos a 4 sin q + 2 k bb = l l 2 The option (A) satisfy this equation. Since.98 mW Option (A) is correct.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 691 For View Only Shop Online at www. The directive gain of an antenna at a particular direction ^q. Normalized array factor is given as SOL 10.98 = 3. a = p. bd = 2p So. co SOL 10.co. the power will be radiated only on the half side of the antenna and therefore.in Here d = l.3. f) = Prad Gd (q. for lossless antenna Prad = Pin So. Option (B) is correct. the array factor of the antenna is given as bd cos y + a A.3.6 SOL 10.F. f) Gd (q. thus. = cos : D 2 2p cos y + p = cos : D = sin (p cos y) 2 Option (B) is correct. d =l 4 and a = 90c 2p l sin q + p 2p p p 2 Thus. = cos b l 2 Here.3.3. So.F.8 GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . f) = 6 dB So. the antenna is installed at conducting ground.80p2 ` dl j E = 40p2 c m = 5 W 2 l 0. fh is defined as 4pU (q.5 m (1) SOL 10. f) = 1 m # 3. A.nodia. ga te he lp.F.7 ww w.98 Putting it in equation (1) we get the total power radiated by antenna as 4pU (q. f) = 3. The array factor of the antenna is defined as bd sin q + a A. the radiation resistance of the antenna will be half of its actual value and given as 2 2 50 2p2 Rrad = 1 .

f = 45c.F.3 = 2 ) P1 = 2 Therefore.r1 = 7071 . P \ 12 r P1 = r 22 So. y = bd sin q cos f + d q = 90c.5 W. l 4 So. d = 180c bd sin q cos f + d y So.692 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 For View Only SOL 10.3. w. g y 2 where. we get 2 (r1 = 5 km ) 2 = r2 2 5 or r2 = 5 2 km = 7071 m Thus. co m . The signal strength (power) at a distance r from an antenna is inversely proportional to the distance r . dl = 124 m .co. P2 Substituting it in equation (1). = 2 cos Shop Online at www. = 2 cos E 2 2 = 2 cos :2p 2 s cos 45c + 180cD 2 l2 = 2 cos 9 ps + 90cC = 2 sin a ps k l l Option (C) is correct.e. it is a quarter wave monopole antenna and radiation resistance of a quarter wave monopole antenna is 36. (1) P2 r 12 Since.in at e l = 492 m he lp. i.10 Option (C) is correct. 3 dB decrease " Strength is halved (103/10 = 100. A. = 2 cos .11 Option (D) is correct. d = 2 s. (1) We have y = bd cos q + d l where Distance between elements d = 4 Because of end fire y =0 q = 60c Putting all the values in equation (1) we get 0 = 2p # l cos 60c + d = p # 1 + d 2 2 4 l GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww and height of antenna. the required distance to move is d = r2 .5000 = 2071 m A.9 SOL 10.nodia.3.F.3. We have SOL 10.

150 m r = 2d = e o 3 3 l 40 co ( Ae = 500 cm2. For a dipole antenna we have 1 BW \ (Diameter) So.co.3. ga te Option (D) is correct. Power received by an antenna is defined as Pr = Pt 2 # Ae 4p r where Pt is the power radiated by the transmitting antenna. r is the distance between transmitter and receiver and Ae is the effective aperture area of the receiving antenna.15 Option (A) is correct.16 Option (D) is correct.4) 2 = .4) 2 80 # (2. the operating wavelength of the antenna is given as 8 l = c = 3 # 10 9 = 3 m 40 f 4 # 10 So. So.3. r = 100 m. as diameter increases Bandwidth decreases. We know that for a monopole its electric field varies inversely with r 2 while its potential varies inversely with r . Magnetic field intensity in terms of vector potential is defined as H = 1d#A m where A is auxiliary potential function.p 4 Option (C) is correct. d : H = d : (d # A) = 0 and d # H = d # (d # A) = 0 Y GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia lp. -2 Option (A) is correct. we get -4 Pr = 251 # 500 # 102 4 # p # (100) = 100 mW ww w.14 SOL 10. Now. for the closest far field we have 2 2 # (2.12 d =. In the given expression both the terms _ r1 + r1 i are present.3. for a dipole its electric field varies inversely as r 3 and potential varies inversely as r 2 . Pt = 251 W ) m .in SOL 10.3.nodia. so.3. So. Far field region for an antenna is defined for the distance r from the antenna as 2 r > 2d l where d is the largest dimension of the antenna and l is the operating wavelength. Shop Online at www. he -1 SOL 10.13 SOL 10. Similarly. this potential is due to both monopole and dipole.Chap 10 Antenna and Radiating Systems 693 For View Only or SOL 10.

i. i = 30c m For View Only Shop Online at www.694 Antenna and Radiating Systems Chap 10 2 0 SOL 10.14 E (20 # 10 ) _ h i -6 # = 2 # 10 # 12 -6 3.17 Option (A) is correct.19 SOL 10.01 W So.e. Maximum usable frequency( fmax ) in terms of incidence angle (i ) is defined as f fmax = o sin i where f0 is critical frequency. So. Aperture area of a receiving antenna is defined in terms of received power as Power Re ceived Aperture Area = Poynting vector of incident wave Ae = Pr Pt E 2 Since.25 W . Far field \ 1 r Option (C) is correct. GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia ww w. The maximum usable frequency is given as f fm = 0 sin i where i is launching angle and f0 is critical frequency so.22 Option (C) is correct. ( h0 = 120p is intrinsic impedance of space) Pt = h0 -6 -6 So.21 SOL 10.3.in SOL 10.01 W.3.3.co.NT E 3 l2 Rrad \ N 2 where N is number of turns. co SOL 10. Ae = 2 # 10 = 2 # 10 -3 2 # 120 # 3. we get fmax = 8MHz = 8 = 16 MHz sin 60c 3 3 c 2 m Option (B) is correct.01 = 0. sin i = 1 2 or. g at e he lp. we get 6 20 # 106 = 10 # 10 sin i or. we get the net radiation resistance of the five turns of such loop as (N = 5 ) Rr 2 = N 2 # Rr1 = (5) 2 # 0.20 SOL 10. Since.18 Option (D) is correct. Rr1 = 0. the radiation resistance of a circular loop is 0.14 = 1.3. Radiation resistance of a circular loop is given as S Rrad = 8 hp3 .3.nodia.884 m2 400 # 10 Option (C) is correct.3.

374 m f 803 # 10 2p = 16. dl = 5 m operating frequency..24 SOL 10.e. i.66 ^1 h = 1.3.32 rad/m So. phase constant.66 sin2 q So.e.in The directive gain of half wave ^l/2h dipole antenna is given as cos2 a p cos q k 2 Gd = 1. at frequency. b = l Option (A) is correct. The length of dipole.66 SOL 10. co m SOL 10..25 Option (B) is correct.23 Option (A) is correct. Pr = Pt = 200 kW = 100 kW 2 2 Now. the directivity of the antenna is D = Gd. we have 3 Pave = 100 # 103 2 ar = 40 ar mW/m2 p p ^50 # 10 h . Since. f = 803 MHz (channel 69) 8 wavelength.(1) GATE CLOUD Electromagnetics By RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia . l = c = 3 # 10 6 = 0. the maximum value of the function is 1. So the phase velocity of the wave will be equal to the velocity of light in free space. phase constant.co.3. the average poynting vector (power radiated per unit area) at a distance r from the antenna is given as Pave = Pr2 ar pr where ar denotes the direction of Poynting ve