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The Great Depression Class Notes

The Great Depression Class Notes

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Published by: Sonny An on Jan 14, 2013
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01/16/2013

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Sonny An

US History Honors December 22nd, 2012

The Great Depression Class Notes  October 29th, 1929: “Black Tuesday,” stock market crashes yet again after revival attempt. 1920s: The Roaring Twenties.         Loss of paper profits. Less demand. Lower prices. Less production. Less employment. Less money in circulation. Less bank credit. Less building of factories and homes.

The Downward Spiral:

1930s: The Great Depression.       

1930: Hawley-Smoot Act: High tariffs to protect American farmers, however, international trade on decline. The Dust Bowl: “Black Blizzards.” o o o Dorothea Lange, government-paid photographer. “Jobless men keep going – we can’t take care of our own.” 1937: Disappears during her flight across the world. Okies & Arkies: Derogatory term for farmers moving to the west in search of jobs. 1932: Amelia Earhart: 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic solo. Orson Welles: War of the Worlds reenactment on radio. 75% of population still had jobs. Herbert Hoover, president during Great Depression. o o “Hoovervilles:” Makeshift settlements of the poor. “Hoover flags:” Empty pockets turned inside out. July 28th, 1932: Hoover sends in the military, led by Eisenhower and McCartney. 2 veterans and 1 infant dead. “The only thing you have to fear is fear itself.” The New Deal: A new chance.  Focused on 3 R’s: Relief, recovery, reform.    WPA: Works Progress Adminsitration. TDA: Tennessee Valley Authority. PWA: Public Works Administration. 1|Page

Bonus army: WWI veterans non-violently protesting for their financial aid. o o

1933 to 1945: President Franklin Roosevelt elected 4 consecutive times. o o

Sonny An
US History Honors December 22nd, 2012    o o o

CCC: Civilian Conservation Corps. For the test, know: AAA, PWA, TVA, FHA, FERA, WPA, FDIC, SSA, CCC, NIRA, REA.

Did NOT end the Great Depression (WWII did).

Fireside chats: Explained programs through radio, did not trust media as a middle-man. 1937: Roosevelt Recession.    Strikes gave way for extremism. Rise of a potential dictator, used a private police force. 1935: Long is assassinated. “The Kingfish” Huey P. Long, “the most dangerous man in America.”

Eleanor Roosevelt: “No one can make you feel inferior without your consent.” o o Only allowed female reporters to attend her conferences to promote a genderbalanced workforce in news agencies. Chairperson of UN’s Commission on Human Rights (after FDR deceased?)

  

A. Philip Randolph, father of the Civil Rights movement. AA Pilots (Tuskegee airmen): African-American pilots, Eleanor Roosevelt flies with one. During WII: Philadelphia, 10k whites on strike against working with African-Americans. o “Go to work on Monday, or be drafted on Tuesday.” – FDR

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