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ETSI GSM Specification

ETSI GSM Specification

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GSM Specification
GSM Specification

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Sections

  • Foreword
  • 1 Scope
  • 1.1 Normative references
  • 1.2 Abbreviations
  • 2 Frequency bands and channel arrangement
  • 3 Reference configuration
  • 4 Transmitter characteristics
  • 4.1 Output power
  • 4.1.1 Mobile station
  • 4.1.2 Base station
  • 4.2 Output RF spectrum
  • 4.2.1 Spectrum due to the modulation and wide band noise
  • 4.2.2 Spectrum due to switching transients
  • 4.3 Spurious emissions
  • 4.3.1 Principle of the specification
  • 4.3.2 Base transceiver station
  • 4.3.3 Mobile station
  • 4.4 Radio frequency tolerance
  • 4.5 Output level dynamic operation
  • 4.5.1 Base transceiver station
  • 4.5.2 Mobile station
  • 4.6 Phase accuracy
  • 4.7 Intermodulation attenuation
  • 4.7.1 Base transceiver station
  • 4.7.2 Intra BTS intermodulation attenuation
  • 4.7.3 Intermodulation between MS (DCS 1800 only)
  • 4.7.4 Mobile PBX (GSM 900 only)
  • 5 Receiver characteristics
  • 5.1 Blocking characteristics
  • 5.2 AM suppression characteristics
  • 5.3 Intermodulation characteristics
  • 5.4 Spurious emissions
  • 6 Transmitter/receiver performance
  • 6.1 Nominal error rates (NER)
  • 6.2 Reference sensitivity level
  • 6.3 Reference interference level
  • 6.4 Erroneous frame indication performance
  • Annex A (informative):Spectrum characteristics (spectrum due to the modulation)
  • Annex B (normative): Transmitted power level versus time
  • Annex C (normative): Propagation conditions
  • C.1Simple wideband propagation model
  • C.2Doppler spectrum types
  • C.3Propagation models
  • C.3.1Typical case for rural area (RAx): (6 tap setting)
  • C.3.2Typical case for hilly terrain (HTx): (12 tap setting)
  • C.3.3Typical case for urban area (TUx): (12 tap setting)
  • C.3.4Profile for equalisation test (EQx): (6 tap setting)
  • Annex D (normative): Environmental conditions
  • D.1General
  • D.2Environmental requirements for the MSs
  • D.2.1Temperature
  • D.2.2Voltage
  • D.2.3Vibration
  • D.3Environmental requirements for the BSS equipment
  • Annex E (normative): Repeater characteristics
  • E.1Introduction
  • E.2Spurious emissions
  • E.3Intermodulaton products
  • E.4Out of band gain
  • Annex F (Normative): Antenna Feeder Loss Compensator Characteristics
  • F.1Introduction
  • F.2Transmitting path
  • F.2.1 Maximum output power
  • F.2.2 Gain
  • F.2.3 Burst transmission characteristics
  • F.2.4 Phase error
  • F.2.5 Frequency error
  • F.2.6 Group delay
  • F.2.7 Spurious emissions
  • F.2.9 Stability
  • F.3Receiving path
  • F.3.1 Gain
  • F.3.2 Noise figure
  • F.3.3 Group delay
  • F.3.4 Intermodulation performance
  • F.3.6 Stability
  • F.4Guidelines (Informative)
  • History

GSM TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Source: ETSI TC-SMG ICS: 33.060.50

GSM 05.05
May 1996 Version 5.1.0

Reference: TS/SMG-020505QR

Key words: Digital cellular telecommunications system, Global System for Mobile communications (GSM)

Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Radio transmission and reception (GSM 05.05)

ETSI
European Telecommunications Standards Institute ETSI Secretariat Postal address: F-06921 Sophia Antipolis CEDEX - FRANCE Office address: 650 Route des Lucioles - Sophia Antipolis - Valbonne - FRANCE X.400: c=fr, a=atlas, p=etsi, s=secretariat - Internet: secretariat@etsi.fr

*

Tel.: +33 92 94 42 00 - Fax: +33 93 65 47 16
Copyright Notification: No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission. The copyright and the foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media. © European Telecommunications Standards Institute 1996. All rights reserved.

Page 2 GSM 05.05 Version 5.1.0: May 1996

Whilst every care has been taken in the preparation and publication of this document, errors in content, typographical or otherwise, may occur. If you have comments concerning its accuracy, please write to "ETSI Editing and Committee Support Dept." at the address shown on the title page.

Page 3 GSM 05.05 Version 5.1.0: May 1996

Contents

Foreword .......................................................................................................................................................5 1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................7 1.1 Normative references ..........................................................................................................7 1.2 Abbreviations .......................................................................................................................8 Frequency bands and channel arrangement.......................................................................................8 Reference configuration ......................................................................................................................9 Transmitter characteristics ..................................................................................................................9 4.1 Output power .......................................................................................................................9 4.1.1 Mobile station ..................................................................................................9 4.1.2 Base station...................................................................................................10 4.2 Output RF spectrum ..........................................................................................................12 4.2.1 Spectrum due to the modulation and wide band noise .................................12 4.2.2 Spectrum due to switching transients............................................................16 4.3 Spurious emissions............................................................................................................17 4.3.1 Principle of the specification..........................................................................17 4.3.2 Base transceiver station ................................................................................18 4.3.3 Mobile station ................................................................................................19 4.4 Radio frequency tolerance .................................................................................................20 4.5 Output level dynamic operation .........................................................................................20 4.5.1 Base transceiver station ................................................................................20 4.5.2 Mobile station ................................................................................................20 4.6 Phase accuracy .................................................................................................................20 4.7 Intermodulation attenuation ...............................................................................................21 4.7.1 Base transceiver station ................................................................................21 4.7.2 Intra BTS intermodulation attenuation...........................................................21 4.7.3 Intermodulation between MS (DCS 1800 only) .............................................21 4.7.4 Mobile PBX (GSM 900 only)..........................................................................21 Receiver characteristics ....................................................................................................................22 5.1 Blocking characteristics .....................................................................................................22 5.2 AM suppression characteristics .........................................................................................23 5.3 Intermodulation characteristics ..........................................................................................24 5.4 Spurious emissions............................................................................................................24 Transmitter/receiver performance.....................................................................................................24 6.1 Nominal error rates (NER) .................................................................................................25 6.2 Reference sensitivity level .................................................................................................25 6.3 Reference interference level..............................................................................................25 6.4 Erroneous frame indication performance ..........................................................................26 Spectrum characteristics (spectrum due to the modulation) ..............................31 Transmitted power level versus time..................................................................35 Propagation conditions .......................................................................................36

2 3 4

5

6

Annex A (informative): Annex B (normative): Annex C (normative): C.1 C.2 C.3

Simple wideband propagation model ................................................................................................36 Doppler spectrum types ....................................................................................................................36 Propagation models ..........................................................................................................................37 C.3.1 Typical case for rural area (RAx): (6 tap setting) ...............................................................37

Page 4 GSM 05.05 Version 5.1.0: May 1996 C.3.2 C.3.3 C.3.4 Typical case for hilly terrain (HTx): (12 tap setting)........................................................... 37 Typical case for urban area (TUx): (12 tap setting)........................................................... 38 Profile for equalisation test (EQx): (6 tap setting) ............................................................. 38 Environmental conditions................................................................................... 39

Annex D (normative): D.1 D.2

General ............................................................................................................................................. 39 Environmental requirements for the MSs ......................................................................................... 39 D.2.1 Temperature...................................................................................................................... 39 D.2.2 Voltage .............................................................................................................................. 39 D.2.3 Vibration ............................................................................................................................ 40 Environmental requirements for the BSS equipment ....................................................................... 40 Repeater characteristics .................................................................................... 41

D.3

Annex E (normative): E.1 E.2 E.3 E.4

Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 41 Spurious emissions .......................................................................................................................... 41 Intermodulaton products................................................................................................................... 42 Out of band gain ............................................................................................................................... 42 Antenna Feeder Loss Compensator Characteristics......................................... 43

Annex F (Normative): F.1 F.2

Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 43 Transmitting path.............................................................................................................................. 43 F.2.1 Maximum output power..................................................................................................... 43 F.2.2 Gain................................................................................................................................... 43 F.2.3 Burst transmission characteristics .................................................................................... 44 F.2.4 Phase error........................................................................................................................ 44 F.2.5 Frequency error................................................................................................................. 44 F.2.6 Group delay....................................................................................................................... 45 F.2.7 Spurious emissions ........................................................................................................... 45 F.2.8 VSWR ............................................................................................................................... 46 F.2.9 Stability .............................................................................................................................. 46 Receiving path .................................................................................................................................. 46 F.3.1 Gain................................................................................................................................... 46 F.3.2 Noise figure ....................................................................................................................... 46 F.3.3 Group delay....................................................................................................................... 46 F.3.4 Intermodulation performance ............................................................................................ 46 F.3.5 VSWR ............................................................................................................................... 46 F.3.6 Stability .............................................................................................................................. 46 Guidelines (Informative) ................................................................................................................... 46

F.3

F.4

History ......................................................................................................................................................... 48

This GTS defines the requirements for the transceiver of the pan-european digital mobile cellular and personal communication systems operating in the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz band (GSM 900 and DCS 1800). prior to submission for the formal ETSI standards approval procedure to become European Telecommunications Standards (ETS). TC-SMG has also produced ETSI GSM TSs which give the technical specifications for the implementation of Phase 2+ enhancements of the digital cellular telecommunications system. corrections. which contains GSM Phase 2+ enhancements/features to the version 4 GSM technical specification. etc.x. updates. Network operators and implementors of the Global System for Mobile communications. x The specification from which this GTS has been derived was originally based on CEPT documentation.y where: y the third digit is incremented when editorial only changes have been incorporated in the specification. Historically.15. i. Reference is made within this GTS to GSM-TSs (note).1.Page 5 GSM 05. these documents have been identified as GSM Technical Specifications (GSM-TSs).0: May 1996 Foreword This Global System for Mobile communications Technical Specification (GTS) has been produced by the Special Mobile Group (SMG) Technical Committee (TC) of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI).x GSM Technical Specifications may be referred to as GTSs. technical enhancements. These version 5. These TSs may have subsequently become I-ETSs (Phase 1). .x. This GTS is a TC-SMG approved GSM technical specification version 5.e. or ETSs/ETSI Technical Reports (ETRs) (Phase 2).05 version 4. The contents of this GTS are subject to continuing work within TC-SMG and may change following formal TC-SMG approval. hence the presentation of this GTS may not be entirely in accordance with the ETSI rules.0). the second digit is incremented for all other types of changes. The ETS from which this Phase 2+ GTS has evolved is Phase 2 GSM ETS 300 577 edition 7 (GSM 05.05 Version 5. NOTE: TC-SMG has produced documents which give the technical specifications for the implementation of the digital cellular telecommunications system. GTS are produced by TC-SMG to enable the GSM Phase 2+ specifications to become publicly available. Should TC-SMG modify the contents of this GTS it will then be republished by ETSI with an identifying change of release date and an increase in version number as follows: Version 5. This ensures the earliest possible access to GSM Phase 2+ specifications for all Manufacturers.

0: May 1996 Blank page .Page 6 GSM 05.1.05 Version 5.

Multi band mobile stations shall meet all requiremwnts for each of the bands supported. The BSS will contain either Base Transceiver Stations (BTS) or microcell base transceiver stations (microBTS). Annex D and E are the only sections of this ETS applicable to repeaters. For dated references. The RF characteristics of repeaters are defined in Annex E of this ETS.08 (ETS 300 578): "Digital cellular telecommunication system (Phase 2). connected either to separate or common antennas. Modulation".Page 7 GSM 05. that are used in the system. Requirements are defined for two categories of parameters: those that are required to provide compatibility between the radio channels. have a volume less than 500 cm3 (excluding battery). have a total weight less than 200 g (excluding battery). GSM 02. provisions from other publications. [2] [3] [4] [5] .1.1 Normative references This GTS incorporates by dated and undated reference. - This GTS defines RF characteristics for the Mobile Station (MS) and Base Station System (BSS).06 (ETS 300 504): "Digital cellular telecommunication system (Phase 2). Annex E does not apply to the MS or BSS. In this GTS some relaxations are introduced for GSM 900 mobile stations which fulfil the following conditions: pertain to power class 4 or 5 (see section 4. GSM 05. These mobile stations.1). In this standard these mobile stations are referred to as "small MS". Types of Mobile Stations (MS)". [1] GSM 01.05 Version 5. Radio subsystem link control". the latest edition of the publication referred to applies.20. subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this GTS only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision.01 (ETS 300 573): "Digital cellular telecommunication system (Phase 2). Abbreviations and acronyms". Physical layer on the radio path General description". GSM 05. Mobile stations may operate on more than one of the frequency bands specified in section 2.06. the requirements defined in this GTS apply to the full range of environmental conditions specified for the equipment (see Annex D). These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter.04 (ETR 100): "Digital cellular telecommunication system (Phase 2). The relaxation on GSM 900 for a "small MS" are also valid for a multi band MS if it complies with the definition of a small MS. Unless otherwise stated.1. This category also includes parameters providing compatibility with existing systems in the same or adjacent frequency bands. The precise measurement methods are specified in GSM 11.04 (ETS 300 576): "Digital cellular telecommunication system (Phase 2). GSM 05. those that define the transmission quality of the system. are refered to as "Multi band mobile stations" in this standard. For undated references.0: May 1996 1 Scope This Global System for Mobile communications Technical Specification (GTS) defines the requirements for the transceiver of the pan-european digital mobile cellular and personal communication systems operating in the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz band (GSM 900 and DCS 1800).10 and 11. defined in GSM 02. 1.

we have: .0: May 1996 [6] GSM 05. Radio subsystem synchronisation". The carrier spacing is 200 kHz. the sysem is required to operate in the folowing frequency band: 890 .2 Abbreviations used in this GTS are listed in GSM 01. ETS 300 019-1-4: "Equipment engineering.04.05 Version 5. mobile receive ii) Extended GSM 900 Band. base receive 1805 . ETS 300 019-1-3: "Equipment engineering. mobile receive NOTE: The term GSM 900 is used for any GSM system which operates in any 900 MHz band. GSM 11.1880 MHz : base transmit.1.ME) interface". Specification of the Subscriber Identity Module . and Fu(n) the corresponding frequency value in the upper band. For Standard GSM 900 Band. Environmental conditions and Environmental tests for telecommunications equipment Part 1-3: Classification of Environmental conditions Stationary use at weather protected locations".915 MHz : mobile transmit.915 MHz : mobile transmit.1785 MHz : mobile transmit. mobile receive iii) DCS1800 Band: For DCS 1800. If we call Fl(n) the frequency value of the carrier ARFCN n in the lower band. the system is required to operate in the following frequency band: 880 .11 (ETS 300 608): "Digital cellular telecommunication system (Phase 2). GSM 11. Mobile Station (MS) conformity specification". P-GSM. the system is required to operate in the following band: 1710 .153: "Basic parameters for the measurement of error performance at bit rates below the primary rate".960 MHz : base transmit.Mobile Equipment (SIM . Environmental conditions and Environmental tests for telecommunications equipment Part 1-4: Classification of Environmental conditions Stationary use at non-weather protected locations".Page 8 GSM 05. base receive 925 .960 MHz : base transmit. CCITT Recommendation O. The carrier frequency is designated by the absolute radio frequency channel number (ARFCN).06. 2 i) Frequency bands and channel arrangement Standard or primary GSM 900 Band.10 (ETS 300 607): "Digital cellular telecommunication system (Phase 2). E-GSM (includes Standard GSM 900 band): For Extended GSM 900 band.10 (ETS 300 579): "Digital cellular telecommunication system (Phase 2). Operators may implement networks which operates on a combination of the frequency bands above to support multi band mobile terminals which are defined in GSM 02. Abbreviations [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] 1. base receive 935 .

Where the RF parameters are not different for the micro-BTS the normal BTS parameters shall apply.5 The lowest power control level for all classes of GSM 900 MS is 19 (5 dBm) and for all classes of DCS 1 800 MS is 15 (0 dBm).1 Output power Mobile station The mobile station maximum output power and lowest power control level shall be.5 ± 2.05 Version 5.Page 9 GSM 05. Secondly. Power class 1 2 3 4 5 NOTE: GSM 900 Maximum output power -. The different power levels needed for adaptive power control (see GSM 05.0: May 1996 P-GSM 900 E-GSM 900 Fl(n) = 890 + 0. Because of these differences the micro-BTS needs a different set of RF parameters to be specified. The term peak hold refers to a measurement where the maximum is taken over a sufficient time that the level would not significantly increase if the holding time were longer. . Whenever a power control level corresponds to the power class of the MS. The micro-BTS is different from a normal BTS in two ways. requirements are given in terms of power levels at the antenna connector of the equipment.2 + 0.01. according to its class.5 dB (see above) shall apply.08) shall have the nominal output power as defined in the table below.25 W (24 dBm) 4 W (36 dBm) Tolerance (dB) for conditions normal extreme ±2 ±2 ±2 ±2 ±2 ± 2. as defined in the following table (see also GSM 02. a reference antenna with 0 dBi gain shall be assumed. A multi band MS has a combination of the power class in each band of operation from the table above.1. Any combination may be used.5 ± 2.2*(n-512) 1 ≤ n ≤ 124 0 ≤ n ≤ 124 975 ≤ n ≤ 1023 512 ≤ n ≤ 885 Fu(n) = Fl(n) + 95 Fu(n) = Fl(n) + 45 Fu(n) = Fl(n) + 45 Frequencies are in MHz 3 Reference configuration The reference configuration for the radio subsystem is described in GSM 05. the tolerance of ±2 or 2.2*(n-1024) DCS 1800 Fl(n) = 1710.06).8 W (29 dBm) DCS 1800 Maximum output power 1 W (30 dBm) 0. 4.5 ± 2. Firstly.5 ± 2.1.1 4. starting from the lowest power control level up to the maximum output power corresponding to the class of the particular mobile station. 4 Transmitter characteristics Throughout this section. For equipment with integral antenna only. unless otherwise stated.2*n Fl(n) = 890 + 0. the range requirements are much reduced whilst the close proximity requirements are more stringent.---8 W (39 dBm) 5 W (37 dBm) 2 W (33 dBm) 0.2*n Fl(n) = 890 + 0. The term output power refers to the measure of the power when averaged over the useful part of the burst (see Annex B). the micro-BTS is required to be small and cheap to allow external street deployment in large numbers.

These levels are not used when transmitting the parameter TX PWR MAX CCH. measured at the input of the BSS Tx combiner.0: May 1996 GSM 900 Power control level Output power (dBm) Tolerance (dB) for conditions normal 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 39 37 35 33 31 29 27 25 23 21 19 17 15 13 11 9 7 5 --±2 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±5 ±5 ±5 ±5 extreme --± 2.30 and 31 are only used "in call" for power control purposes. 4.05 Version 5. according to its class.5 dB. the power control levels 29. then these shall be decoded from parameters broadcast on the BCCH as described in GSM 05. The maximum time to execute this change is specified in GSM 05.08.1. and the interval between power steps shall be 2 ± 1.5 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±6 ±6 ±6 ±6 29 30 31 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 36 34 32 30 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Power control level DCS 1800 Output power (dBm) Tolerance (dB) for conditions normal ±2 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±5 ±5 extreme ± 2.08. shall be. as defined in the following table: .1.Page 10 GSM 05.2 Base station The base station transmitter maximum output power. Furthermore the output power actually transmitted by the MS at each of the power control levels shall form a monotonic sequence. for cross phase compatibility reasons.5 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±4 ±5 ±5 ±5 ±5 ±5 ±6 ±6 NOTE: For DCS1800. If levels greater than 30 dBm are required from the MS during a random access attempt. A change from any power control level to any power control level may be required by the base transmitter.

(<80) W 20 .(<320) W 80 .(<160) W 40 .05 Version 5.(<10) W 2.(<20) W 5 .0: May 1996 GSM 900 TRX power class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Maximum output power 320 .(<40) W 10 .(<5) W DCS 1800 TRX power class 1 2 3 4 Maximum output power 20 .1.(<40) W 10 .Page 11 GSM 05.(<10) W 2.5 .(<20) W 5 .5 .(<640) W 160 .(<5) W .

0: May 1996 The micro-BTS maximum output power per carrier measured at the antenna connector after all stages of combining shall be. The specification applies to the entire of the relevant transmit band and up to 2 MHz either side. Due to the bursty nature of the signal.0. except that beyond 1800 kHz offset from the carrier the BTS is not tested in frequency hopping mode.27 dBm ((>0. in frequency hopping as well as in non frequency hopping mode. the BSS may then utilise up to 15 steps of power control levels with a step size of 2 dB ±1. Network operators may also specify the BTS output power including any Tx combiner. The static RF power step 0 shall be the actual output power according to the TRX power class.25 W) (>14) . at each point in frequency.01) .Page 12 GSM 05. according to its class. . according to their needs.2 Output RF spectrum The specifications contained in this section apply to both BTS and MS. The power control level 0 shall be the set output power according to the TRX power class and the six power settings defined above. defined in the following table. In addition.05 Version 5.32 dBm ((>0. GSM 900 micro-BTS TRX power Maximum output power class M1 M2 M3 (>19) . for the BTS.08 W) (>9) .1.0.16 W) The tolerance of the actual maximum output power of the BTS shall be ±2 dB under normal conditions and ±2.5) . the power ramping up and down (switching transients). Settings shall be provided to allow the output power to be reduced from its maximum level in at least six steps of nominally 2 dB with an accuracy of ±1 dB to allow a fine adjustment of the coverage by the network operator. only one transmitter is active for the tests of this section.22 dBm ((>0.03 W) DCS 1800 micro-BTS TRX power Maximum output power class M1 M2 M3 (>27) . in addition the actual absolute output power at each power control level (N) shall be 2*N dB below the absolute output power at power control level 0 with a tolerance of ±3 dB under normal conditions and ±4 dB under extreme conditions. Unless otherwise stated.2.6 W) (>22) . This specification applies for all RF channels supported by the equipment. As an option the BSS can utilise downlink RF power control.5 W) (>17) . the measurement method used to analyze separately those two effects is specified in GSM 11.14 dBm ((>0.19 dBm ((>0.1 Spectrum due to the modulation and wide band noise The output RF modulation spectrum is specified in the following table.20. 4. 4. A mask representation of this specification is shown in annex A.1.0.0.24 dBm ((>0. the output RF spectrum results from two effects: the modulation process. and is a measurement in the time domain.08) .03) .10 and 11.0. In addition to the static RF power steps described above.05) .16) . the actual absolute output power at each static RF power step (N) shall be 2*N dB below the absolute output power at static RF power step 0 with a tolerance of ±3 dB under normal conditions and ±4dB under extreme conditions. It is based on the "ringing effect" during the transients.5 dB. The limits specified hereunder are based on a 5-pole synchronously tuned measurement filter.5 dB under extreme conditions. The two effects are specified separately.

70 .73 . are the maximum level (dB) relative to a measurement in 30 kHz on the carrier.1.62 .30 .65 .63 100kHz MicroBTS 100 200 250 3000 ≥·6000 ≥·1800 to <6000 .5 + 0.66 .5 + 0.30 .80 .60 .67 .69 .60 .05 Version 5.65 .80 .5 + 0.60 1800 to <3000 .30 .30 .1.67 .30 .30 .63 .67 .66 .71 MS .60 .73 .33 .80 .5 .80 .33 .33 .33 .73 .60 .33 .5 + 0.80 . If the power level falls between two of the values in the table.60 .77 .30 .5 + 0.68 .60 .75 .33 .66 .5 + 0.33 .60 .69 .60 .73 .Page 13 GSM 05.30 .2.70 BTS .65 .65 .62 .60 .75 .71 .67 .69 .30 .0: May 1996 The figures in the table below.60 1200 to <1800 .60 . For the BTS.71 . at the listed frequencies from the carrier (kHz). the requirement shall be determined by linear interpolation.69 .67 .64 .5 + 0.62 .33 . a) GSM 900 Power level (dBm) Measurement bandwidth 30 kHz 100kHz MS and normal BTS 400 600 to <1200 ≥ 43 41 39 37 35 ≤ 33 ≥ 39 37 35 ≤ 33 + 0.71 .60 .69 .71 .33 .65 .33 .75 . the power level is the "actual absolute output power" defined in subclause 4.5 + 0.30 .80 .5 + 0.64 .64 .

60 . the averaging shall include only bursts transmitted when the hopping carrier corresponds to the nominal carrier of the measurement.73 .33 .60 .60 .0: May 1996 b) DCS 1800 Power level (dBm) Measurement bandwidth 30 kHz 100kHz 100kHz MS and normal MicroBTS BTS 1800 ≥6000 ≥1800 to <6000 .05 Version 5. ii) .69 . For BTS up to 1800 kHz from the carrier and for MS in all cases: Zero frequency scan.5 + 0. exceptions at up to -36 dBm are allowed.60 .33 .33 .71 .33 .Page 14 GSM 05.60 . with averaging done over 50% to 90% of the useful part of the transmitted bursts.30 .65 .64 .60 .33 .60 .80 .30 .30 .33 . and then averaged over at least 200 such burst measurements.65 .63 .5 .69 .60 1200 to <1800 .80 . For the BTS only one transmitter is active for this test. in up to three bands of 200 kHz width centred on a frequency which is an integer multiple of 200 kHz. For BTS above 1800 kHz from the carrier swept measurement with: Filter and video bandwidth of 100 kHz.60 ≥ 43 41 39 37 35 ≤ 33 ≥ 36 34 32 30 28 26 ≤ 24 + 0.60 .68 .66 .60 .80 .62 .60 .5 + 0.33 .33 . all absolute levels in dBm shall be measured using the same bandwidth as that used in the tables a) and b) above: i) in the combined range 600 kHz to 6 MHz above and below the carrier.75 .5 + 0.33 .60 .30 .30 .30 .67 .33 .60 . minimum sweep time of 75 ms.67 MS .60 .60 The specifications shall be met under the following measurement conditions.60 .30 .5 + 0.60 . above 6 MHz offset from the carrier in up to 12 bands of 200 kHz width centred on a frequency which is an integer multiple of 200 kHz.71 .5 + 0.60 .30 .60 .76 BTS 100 200 250 400 600 to <1200 .60 .5 + 0. When tests are done in frequency hopping mode.33 .60 .77 .1. exceptions at up to -36 dBm are allowed.5 + 0.60 .69 .60 .33 .5 + 0.5 + 0.30 .71 .67 .79 .60 .69 .60 .59 .80 .80 .75 .60 . All slots active.61 . Above 1800 kHz from the carrier only measurements centred on 200 kHz multiples are taken with averaging over 50 bursts.60 .80 . averaging over 200 sweeps.76 .33 .73 .63 .30 .65 .5 + 0.30 .71 .30 .5 + 0. frequency hopping disabled. excluding the midamble.5 + 0. The specifications then apply to the measurement results for any of the hopping frequencies.73 .70 .67 . filter bandwidth and video bandwidth of 30 kHz up to 1800 kHz from the carrier and 100 kHz beyond 1800 kHz. The following exceptions and minimum measurement levels shall apply.

88 dB L1 = .59 .65 dBm L2 = . At 1800 kHz and beyond. whichever is higher For up to 1800 kHz from the carrier: Beyond 1800 kHz: For GSM 900 BTS: For DCS 1800 BTS: v) L1 = .1. for normal BTS. if the limit according to the above table is below L.57 . this limit shall be -51 dBm for DCS 1800 MS and -46 dBm for GSM 900 MS. if the limit according to the above table is below the values in the following table. then the values in the following table will be used instead.Page 15 GSM 05. a value L shall be used instead.69 DCS1800 . Microcell BTS Power Class M1 M2 M3 Maximum spectrum due to modulation and noise in 100kHz (dBm) GSM900 . if the limit according to the above table is below 36 dBm.57 dBm iv) for the micro-BTS. where L is L1 dB relative to the output power of the BTS at the lowest static power level measured at 30 kHz.64 . for offsets beyond 1800kHz from the carrier.62 .05 Version 5.0: May 1996 iii) for MS measured below 600 kHz from the carrier.83 dB L2 = .67 . a value of -36 dBm shall be used instead. For 600 kHz up to less than 1800 kHz this limit shall be -56 dBm for DCS 1800 MS and -51 dBm for GSM 900 MS. or L2 dBm.

2 Spectrum due to switching transients Those effects are also measured in the time domain and the specifications assume the following measurement conditions: zero frequency scan. and video bandwidth 100 kHz. The example of a waveform due to a burst as seen in a 30 kHz filter offset from the carrier is given hereunder (figure 1).2. peak hold.Page 16 GSM 05.05 Version 5. Figure 1: Example of a time waveform due to a burst as seen in a 30 kHz filter offset from the carrier .0: May 1996 4. filter bandwidth 30 kHz.1.

10 and 11. The possible performance degradation due to switching transient leaking into the beginning or the end of a burst. was estimated and found to be acceptable with respect to the BER due to cochannel interference (C/I). .1. The near-far dynamics then gradually decreases by 2 dB per power level down to 32 dB for MS operating in cells with a maximum allowed output power of 20 mW or 29 dB for MS operating at 10 mW. The frequency bands where these are actually measured may differ from one type to the other (see GSM 11. The near-far dynamics with this specification has been estimated to be approximately 58 dB for MS operating at a power level of 8 W or 49 dB for MS operating at a power level of 1 W.57 dBc .66 dBc or -36 dBm. The effect for switching transients is to effectively reduce the allowed level of the switching transients (the peak level of a switching transient increases by 6 dB for each doubling of the measurement bandwidth).2. dBc means relative to the output power at the BTS.0: May 1996 a) Mobile station: Power level 400 kHz 39 dBm ≤ 37 dBm .3. 4.50 dBc Maximum level measured 600 kHz 1200 kHz .32 dBm 1800 kHz . Spurious emissions The limits specified hereunder are based on a 5-pole synchronously tuned measurement filter.21 dBm .05 Version 5. or the edge of the MS or BTS transmit band. NOTE 2: NOTE 3: b) Base transceiver station: The maximum level measured.26 dBm .58 dBc .36 dBm NOTE 1: The relaxations for power level 39 dBm is in line with the modulated spectra and thus causes negligible additional interference to an analogue system by a GSM signal.26 dBm . either the carrier.32 dBm . The bandwidth is increased as the frequency offset between the measurement frequency and.3 Some of the above requirements are different from those specified in section 4.74 dBc . after any filters and combiners.67 dBc . The effect for spurious signals of widening the measurement bandwidth is to reduce the allowed total spurious energy per MHz. The conditions are specified in the following table.1 Principle of the specification In this section. whichever is the higher.66 dBc 1800 kHz . The measurement conditions for radiated and conducted spurious are specified separately in GSM 11.10 and 11.74 dBc . at the indicated offset from the carrier. measured at the same point and in a filter bandwidth of at least 300 kHz.36 dBm .20). a peak-hold measurement being assumed. is: GSM 900 DCS 1800 400 kHz .20. the spurious transmissions (whether modulated or unmodulated) and the switching transients are specified together by measuring the peak power in a given bandwidth at various frequencies. NOTE: 4.3.Page 17 GSM 05.23 dBm Maximum level measured 600 kHz 1200 kHz . increases.

3.500 MHz above 500 MHz outside the relevant transmit band Frequency offset (offset from edge of the relevant above band) ≥ 2 MHz Measurement bandwidth 10 kHz 100 kHz 30 kHz 100 kHz 300 kHz 1 MHz 3 MHz ≥ 5 MHz ≥ 10 MHz ≥ 20 MHz ≥ 30 MHz The measurement settings assumed correspond. the specifications currently only apply to the frequency band 30 MHz to 4 GHz.8 MHz Measurement bandwidth 30 kHz 100 kHz ≥ 0·6 MHz b) Band 100 kHz . for the resolution bandwidth to the value of the measurement bandwidth in the table.0: May 1996 a) Band relevant transmit band Frequency offset (offset from carrier) ≥ 1.1. . The specification and method of measurement outside this band are under consideration.05 Version 5. The specification and method of measurement outside this band are under consideration. The power measured in the conditions specified in 4. 4.2 Base transceiver station The power measured in the conditions specified in 4.Page 18 GSM 05.1b shall be no more than: 250 nW (-36 dBm) in the frequency band 9 kHz .1 GHz 1 µW (-30 dBm) in the frequency band 1 .1a shall be no more than -36 dBm. the specifications currently only apply to the frequency band 30 MHz to 4 GHz.75 GHz NOTE: For radiated spurious emissions for BTS. and for the video bandwidth to approximately three times this value. and for all spurious emissions for MS with integral antennas.12.3.3. NOTE: For radiated spurious emissions for MS with antenna connectors.50 MHz 50 MHz .

86 .12.1.2. for a MS when allocated a channel.0: May 1996 In the BTS receive band. shall be no more than (see also note in 4. the power emitted by the MS. when not allocated a channel (idle mode). the coupling loss must be increased by the difference between the corresponding values from the table above.98 .2. with a filter and video bandwidth of 100 kHz should be no more than the values in the table above for the GSM 900 transmitter in the band 1710 .1.3. when measured using the measurement conditions specified in 4. shall be no more than -36 dBm.1. In any case.1 above): 2 nW (-57 dBm) in the frequency bands 9 kHz .1.75 GHz NOTE: The idle mode spurious emissions in the receive band are covered by the case for MS allocated a channel (see below).91 .12.71 GHz.915 MHz.96 . shall be no more than (see also note in section 4.1000 MHz 1. If BTSs of different classes are co-sited.1.81 DCS (dBm) . NOTE: Thus. for this case.91 . with a filter and video bandwidth of 100 kHz.2.915 MHz 5 nW (-53 dBm) in the frequency band 1. with a filter and video bandwidth of 100 kHz shall be no more than .785 . the power measured using the conditions specified in 4.3.86 Normal BTS Micro BTS M1 Micro BTS M2 Micro BTS M3 These values assume a 30 dB coupling loss between transmitter and receiver.785 GHz 20 nW (-47 dBm) in the frequency bands 1 .47 dBm for the GSM BTS in the band 1805 . shall be no more than -71 dBm.1a. then the power measured in the conditions specified in section 4.3 Mobile station The power measured in the conditions specified in section 4. with a filter and video bandwidth of 100 kHz shall be no more than: GSM (dBm) .05 Version 5.1 GHz 1 µW (-30 dBm) in the frequency band 1 . the powers measured in the conditions specified in section 4.1.98 .2. for measurements centred on 200 kHz multiples.71 .1880 MHz and .3.1785 MHz and for DCS 1800 transmitter in the band 880 .25 nW (-59 dBm) in the frequency band 880 . assuming the coupling losses are as above. 4.1b above): 250 nW (-36 dBm) in the frequency band 9 kHz . when allocated a channel.880 MHz.3.Page 19 GSM 05. . 915 .75 GHz The power measured in a 100 kHz bandwidth for a mobile.1. in the band 935-960 MHz shall be no more than -79 dBm. 1.3.960 MHz. When allocated a channel.57 dBm for a DCS 1800 BTS in the band 925 . in the band 925-935 MHz shall be no more than -67 dBm and in the band 1805-1880 MHz.1b for a MS. Measures must be taken for mutual protection of receivers when GSM 900 and DCS 1800 BTS are cosited. but with averaging over at least 50 burst measurements. The power measured in the conditions specified in section 4.

153 fascicle IV. 4. A measurement bandwidth of at least 300 kHz is assumed. will respect the conditions of section 4.3. except for the time slot preceding the active slot. the level of: -59 dBc or -54 dBm. For any 148-bits subsequence of the 511-bits pseudo-random sequence. When hopping.1. All emissions related to other frequency channels shall be in accordance with the wide band noise and spurious emissions requirements. 4.1.10.4 Radio frequency tolerance The radio frequency tolerance for the base transceiver station and the mobile station is defined in GSM 05. The RMS phase error (difference between the phase error trajectory and its linear regression on the active part of the time slot) shall not be greater than 5° with a maximum peak deviation during the useful part of the burst less than 20°.1.05 Version 5. .4. - in any transmit band channel. The output power relative to time when sending a burst is shown in annex B. or below. shall be measured by computing the difference between the phase of the transmitted waveform and the phase of the expected one. is specified in the following way. The residual output power. no requirements are specified to the power ramping in the guard times between the active time slots.1 Base transceiver station The BTS shall be capable of not transmitting a burst in a time slot not used by a logical channel or where DTX applies. this applies to each set of measurements. defined in CCITT Recommendation O. whichever is the greater for GSM 900. 4.0: May 1996 As exceptions up to five measurements with a level up to -36 dBm are permitted in each of the bands 925-960 MHz and 1805-1880 MHz for each ARFCN used in the measurements. if a timeslot is not activated. 4. the phase error trajectory on the useful part of the burst (including tail bits). relative to the theoretical modulated waveforms as specified in GSM 05. or below. at the same frequency. grouped by the hopping frequencies as described in section 4. for which this value is equal to -36 dBm. 4.10. the phase accuracy of the signal.3. A measurement bandwidth of at least 300 kHz is assumed.6 Phase accuracy When transmitting a burst. The timing of the transmitted burst is specified in GSM 05. The transmitted power level relative to time when sending a burst is shown in Annex B. -48 dBc or -48 dBm. In the case where the bursts in two (or several) consecutive time slots are actually transmitted. a level of -30 dBc on the frequency channel in use.04.2. the residual output power shall be maintained at. when in idle mode. The transmitter.Page 20 GSM 05. shall be maintained at. whichever is the greater for DCS 1800.5.5 Output level dynamic operation NOTE: The term "any transmit band channel" is used here to mean: any RF channel of 200 kHz bandwidth centred on a multiple of 200 kHz which is within the relevant transmit band. Between the active bursts.2 Mobile station The output power can be reduced by steps of 2 dB as listed in section 4.5. and the template of annex B shall be respected at the beginning and the end of the series of consecutive bursts.

with a full complement of transceivers and with modulation applied.04) influence the output phase in a time slot. for frequency offsets between 6 MHz and the edge of the relevant Tx band measured in a 300 kHz bandwidth. The other requirements of section 4. The peak hold value of intermodulation components over a timeslot. The burst timing of the modulated carrier in the active part of the time slot shall be chosen to ensure that all the modulating bits in the useful part of the burst (see GSM 05. whichever is the higher. 4.7.2. shall not exceed -70 dBc or -36 dBm.7. .75 GHz shall still be met.7. or when operating them in the close vicinity of each other.7.Page 21 GSM 05. For offsets between 600 kHz to 6 MHz the requirements and the measurement technique is that specified in Section 4. 4. shall be 50 dB below the wanted signal when an interfering CW signal is applied within the DCS 1800 MS transmit band at a frequency offset of 800 kHz with a power level 40 dB below the power level of the wanted (DCS 1800 modulated) signal.2 4.3.4 Mobile PBX (GSM 900 only) In a mobile PBX intermodulation may be caused when operating transmitters in the close vicinity of each other.2 in the band 9 kHz to 12. All the following requirements relate to frequency offsets from the uppermost and lowermost carriers.7. 1 in 100 timeslots may fail this test by up to a level of 10 dB. and with a power level 30 dB below the power level of the wanted signal.05 Version 5.1.1 Base transceiver station An interfering CW signal shall be applied within the relevant BTS TX band at a frequency offset of ≥ 800 kHz.7.0: May 1996 NOTE: Using the encryption (ciphering mode) is an allowed means to generate the pseudorandom sequence. The BTS shall be configured with each transmitter operating at the maximum allowed power. For the measurement in the receive band the equipment shall be operated with such a channel configuration that at least 3rd order intermodulation products fall into the receive band. The intermodulation products shall meet the requirements in 4.3 Intermodulation between MS (DCS 1800 only) The maximum level of any intermodulation product.2. For the measurement in the transmit band the equipment shall be operated at equal and minimum carrier frequency spacing specified for the BSS configuration under test. The intermodulation specification for mobile PBXs (GSM 900 only) shall be that stated in section 4.2 Intra BTS intermodulation attenuation In a BTS intermodulation may be caused by combining several RF channels to feed a single antenna. when measured as peak hold in a 300 kHz bandwidth.1.7 Intermodulation attenuation The intermodulation attenuation is the ratio of the power level of the wanted signal to the power level of an intermodulation component. 4. It is a measure of the capability of the transmitter to inhibit the generation of signals in its non-linear elements caused by the presence of the carrier and an interfering signal reaching the transmitter via the antenna. 4.

Equipment with integral antenna may be taken into account by converting these power level requirements into field strength requirements.12.1 . static sine wave signal at a level as in the table below and at a frequency (f) which is an integer multiple of 200 kHz.<1785 >1920 . the requirements are given in terms of power levels at the antenna connector of the receiver. for a maximum of 24 occurrences (which if below f0 and grouped shall not exceed three contiguous occurrences per group). values given in dBm are indicative.1 . with the following exceptions. called spurious response frequencies: a) GSM 900: in band.12.<870 N/A N/A >925 .750 Frequency range (MHz) GSM 900 BTS 870 . 5.1 .750 E-GSM 900 BTS 860 .<1690 N/A N/A >1805 .925 0.2.1805 0.925 0. and calculated assuming a 50 ohms impedance. a continuous. for a maximum of twelve occurrences (which if grouped shall not exceed three contiguous occurrences per group) b) out of band.12.1 and 5.3 for GSM 900 for DCS 1800 Static propagation conditions are assumed in all cases.750 The reference sensitivity performance as specified in table 1 shall be met when the following signals are simultaneously input to the receiver: a useful signal at frequency fo.1980 >1980 . 3 dB above the reference sensitivity level as specified in section 6.12.2): assuming F = 925 MHz assuming F = 1795 MHz : : E (dBµV/m) = P (dBm) + 136.12. assuming a 0 dBi gain antenna.750 BTS 1690 .0: May 1996 5 Receiver characteristics In this section. by the following formula (derived from the formula E = P + 20logF(MHz) + 77.1 . For sections 5.1 Blocking characteristics The blocking characteristics of the receiver are specified separately for in-band and out-of-band performance as identified in the following table. This means that the tests on equipment on integral antenna will consider fields strengths (E) related to the power levels (P) specified.05 Version 5.1. where the above performance shall be met when the continuous sine wave signal (f) is set to a level of 70 dBµV (emf) (ie. for a maximum of six occurrences (which if grouped shall not exceed three contiguous occurrences per group). .2.1705 >1705 .5 E (dBµV/m) = P (dBm) + 142.1920 0.1 .980 0.<915 N/A N/A >980 .750 DCS 1800 MS 1785 .<860 N/A N/A >925 . DCS 1800: in band. -43 dBm). Frequency band MS in-band out-of-band (a) out-of-band (b) out-of band (c) out-of band (d) 915 . for both wanted and unwanted signals.Page 22 GSM 05.

| f-f o | > 6MHz.43 .153 fascicle IV.23 BTS dBµV dBm (emf) 87 97 97 100 . A single frequency (f).23 . Frequency band GSM 900 micro-BTS DCS 1800 micro-BTS M1 M2 M3 M1 M2 M3 (dBm) (dBm) (dBm) (dBm) (dBm) (dBm) in-band 600 kHz ≤ |f-f0| < 800 kHz 800 kHz ≤ |f-f0| < 1. which is an integer multiple of 200kHz.6 MHz ≤ |f-f0| < 3 MHz 3 MHz ≤ |f-f0| .16 .16 .11 .30 . at a level as defined in the table below.33 .26 .25 in-band 600 kHz ≤ |f-fo | < 800 kHz 800 kHz ≤ |f-fo | < 1. a GSM TDMA signal modulated by any 148-bit sequence of the 511-bit pseudo random bit sequence.1.38 .43 . For GSM 900 and E-GSM 900 BTS the blocking level in the band 925-935 is relaxed to 0 dBm.25 . defined in CCITT Recommendation 0.12 .2.20 5. The interferer shall have one timeslot active and the frequency shall be at least 2 channels separated from any identified spurious response.20 .4.26 .6 MHz 1. in the relevant receive band.25 .23 small MS dBµV dBm (emf) 70 70 80 90 .21 .05 Version 5.13 DCS 1800 MS dBµV dBm (emf) 70 70 80 87 .43 . The blocking characteristics of the micro-BTS receiver are specified for in-band and out-of-band performance.33 .30 .11 .33 .11 .Page 23 GSM 05.25 .6 MHz ≤ |f-fo | < 3 MHz 3 MHz ≤ |f-fo | out-of-band (a) (b) (c) (d) NOTE 1: NOTE 2: NOTE 3: 113 113 0 0 113 113 0 0 121 121 8 8 113 101 101 113 0 . see section 1.6 MHz 1.21 .16 . a notch filter may be necessary to ensure that the co-channel performance of the receiver is not compromised.1.25 . A useful signal at fo.31 .16 .21 .30 .35 .35 .21 .40 . NOTE: When testing this requirement.12 0 113 113 0 0 For definition of small MS.30 .0: May 1996 Frequency band GSM 900 and E-GSM 900 other MS dBµV dBm (emf) 75 80 90 90 .25 .16 .26 BTS dBµV dBm (emf) 78 88 88 88 . The out-of-band blocking remains the same as a normal BTS leaving the in-band blocking to be defined here for the micro-BTS.43 .2 AM suppression characteristics The reference sensitivity performance as specified in table 1 shall be met when the following signals are simultaneously input to the receiver. 3dB above reference sensitivity level as specified in section 6. For an E-GSM 900 MS the blocking level in the band 905-915 is relaxed to -5 dBm.20 . The transmitted bursts shall be synchronised to but delayed in time between 61 and 86 bit periods relative to the bursts of the wanted signal. .

in the same mode.2.6). and that the transmitter shall be tested separately (see section 4. NOTE: For sections 5. defined in CCITT Recommendation 0. The received power levels under multipath fading conditions given are the mean powers of the sum of the individual paths. In the case of base transceiver stations the values apply for measurement at the connection with the antenna of the BTS. taking into account that transmitter errors must not occur.75 GHz NOTE: For radiated spurious emissions for the BTS. -49 dBm).0: May 1996 MS (dBm) -31 -29 BTS (dBm) -31 -35 M1 (dBm) -34 -33 Micro-BTS M2 (dBm) -29 -28 M3 (dBm) -24 -23 GSM 900 DCS 1800 5. the specifications currently only apply to the frequency band 30 MHz to 4 GHz.3 Intermodulation characteristics The reference sensitivity performance as specified in table 1 shall be met when the following signals are simultaneously input to the receiver: a useful signal at frequency fo.05 Version 5.153 fascicle IV. including any external multicoupler. This section aims at specifying the receiver performance.-45dBm).1.10. 3 dB above the reference sensitivity level as specified in section 6.2 and 5.f2 and |f2-f1 | = 800 kHz. measured in the conditions specified in section 4. 5. shall be no more than: 2 nW (-57 dBm) in the frequency band 9 kHz .4 Spurious emissions The spurious emissions for a BTS receiver. it is also allowed to use a more random pseudo-random sequence. for the DCS1800 class 3 MS this value is relaxed to 68 dBµV (emf) (ie. -43 dBm). for GSM 900 small MSs and DCS 1800 MS and BTS this value is relaxed to 64 dBµV (emf) (ie. This facility is specified in GSM 11. for the DCS1800 class 3 MS this value is relaxed to 68 dBµV (emf) (ie.3 instead of any 148-bits subsequence of the 511-bits pseudorandom sequence. for GSM 900 small MSs and DCS 1800 MS and BTS this value is relaxed to 64 dBµV (emf) (ie. assuming a 0 dBi gain antenna. a continuous. All the values given are valid if any of the features: discontinuous transmission (DTx).4. -49 dBm).3. -43 dBm).153 fascicle IV. . and a level of 70 dBµV (emf) (ie. - such that f0 = 2f1 . any 148-bits subsequence of the 511-bits pseudo-random sequence. or slow frequency hopping (SFH) are used or not. 6 Transmitter/receiver performance In order to assess the error rate performance that is described in this section it is required for a mobile equipment to have a "loop back" facility by which the equipment transmits back the same information that it decoded.1. defined in CCITT Recommendation O. to apply for the test of MS with integral antennas.12. static sine wave signal at frequency f1 and a level of 70 dBµV (emf) (ie. In this section power levels are given also in terms of field strength.4 modulating a signal at frequency f2. The specification and method of measurement outside this band are under consideration. discontinuous reception (DRx).Page 24 GSM 05. -45 dBm).1 GHz 20 nW (-47 dBm) in the frequency band 1 .

-23 dBm for DCS 1800.3 Reference interference level The reference interference performance (for cochannel. a bit error rate of 10-3 shall be maintained up to -15 dBm for GSM 900. The reference interference ratio shall be. Rejection of signals at 600 kHz is specified in section 5. called the reference interference ratio. The reference sensitivity level shall be: for DCS 1800 class 1 or class 2 MS for DCS 1800 class 3 MS for GSM 900 small MS for other GSM 900 MS and normal BTS for GSM 900 micro BTS M1 for GSM 900 micro BTS M2 for GSM 900 micro BTS M3 for DCS 1800 micro BTS M1 for DCS 1800 micro BTS M2 for DCS 1800 micro BTS M3 : : : : : : : : : : -100 dBm -102 dBm -102 dBm -104 dBm -97 dBm -92 dBm -87 dBm -102 dBm -97 dBm -92 dBm The above specifications for BTS shall be met when the two adjacent timeslots to the wanted are detecting valid GSM signals at 50 dB above the power on the wanted timeslot.41 dB . Under the following propagation conditions. or adjacent channel. bit error. It was calculated for the case of an equipment with an antenna connector. 6. 6. . called the reference sensitivity level. according to the type of channel and the propagation condition. For MS the above specifications shall be met with the two adjacent timeslots 20 dB above the own timeslot and the static channel.9 dB . for static conditions. the chip error rate.49 dB The C/Ia3 figure is given for information purposes and will not require testing.0: May 1996 6. C/Ia) in terms of frame erasure. equivalent to the bit error rate of the non protected bits (TCH/FS. bit error or residual bit error rates (whichever appropriate) is specified in table 2. The relevant propagation conditions appear in Annex C.Page 25 GSM 05. class II) shall have the following limits: static channel: EQ50 channel: BER ≤ 10-4 BER ≤ 3 % This performance shall be maintained up to -40 dBm input level for static and multipath conditions.1. The actual interference ratio shall be less than a specified limit. according to the type of channel and the propagation condition. The actual sensitivity level is defined as the input level for which this performance is met. for BTS and all types of MS: for cochannel interference for adjacent (200 kHz) interference for adjacent (400 kHz) interference for adjacent (600 kHz) interference NOTE: : : : : C/Ic C/Ia1 C/Ia2 C/Ia3 = = = = 9 dB . operating at output power levels of +33 dBm and below.1. or residual bit error rates (whichever appropriate) is specified in table 1.05 Version 5.e. C/Ic. Furthermore. The actual sensitivity level shall be less than a specified limit. without interference and with an input level of 20 dB above the reference sensitivity level. The actual interference ratio is defined as the interference ratio for which this performance is met.1 Nominal error rates (NER) This section describes the transmission requirements in terms of error rates in nominal conditions i.2 Reference sensitivity level The reference sensitivity performance in terms of frame erasure.

0: May 1996 These specifications apply for a wanted signal input level of 20 dB above the reference sensitivity level. independent on the two channels.1% TCH/FS (FER): Class Ib (RBER): Class II (RBER): FACCH (FER): 6. continuous. The requirement for BTS is for further study. For a BTS on a RACH with a random RF input.8% 17. On a speech TCH (TCH/FS or TCH/HS).002% of the frames are assessed to be error free.45/α% 8.Page 26 GSM 05. on average less than one undetected bad speech frame (false bad frame indication BFI) shall be measured in one minute for MS. In case of frequency hopping. the reference interference performance shall be: GSM 900 10.4 a) Erroneous frame indication performance On a speech TCH (TCH/FS or TCH/HS) or a SDCCH with a random RF input. For adjacent channel interference propagation conditions other than TU50 need not be tested.72/α% 8. the overall reception performance shall be such that. and a static adjacent channel interferer are used.1α% 0.02 % of frames are assessed to be error free. and for a random. when DTX is activated with frequency hopping through C0 where bursts comprising SID frames. c) d) . less than one undetected bad speech frame (false bad frame indication BFI) shall be measured in one minute for MS. of the frames believed to be FACCH. The period shall be 32 seconds (16 seconds with the early and 16 seconds with the late time of arrival alternately). In any case the wanted and interfering signals shall be subject to the same propagation profiles (see Annex C). For a GSM 900 MS and a DCS 1800 MS the reference interference performance according to table 2 for co-channel interference (C/Ic) shall be maintained for RA250/130 propagation conditions if the time of arrival of the wanted signal is periodically alternated by steps of 8µs in either direction. the interference and the wanted signals shall have the same frequency hopping sequence. The requirement for BTS is for further study. GSM-modulated interfering signal.1% DCS 1800 5. SACCH frames and Dummy bursts are received at a level 20dB above the reference sensitivity level and with no transmission at the other bursts of the TCH.05 Version 5.9% 6. the overall reception performance shall be such that. SACCH. the overall reception performance shall be such that less than 0. in order to ease measurement. b) On a speech TCH (TCH/FS or TCH/HS) with a random RF input. If. or SDCCH frames. on average.1. the overall reception performance shall be such that no more than 0. a TU50 (no FH) faded wanted signal.2α% 0.

1 % 0. SID=1 or SID=2) static 0.8 % 5.9 % 3.63 % 7.2 % 4.21 % 6.9 % 6.4 TCH/H2.72 % 0.01 % 0.3 % 0.1 % 10-4 10-4 10-4 2 10-4 10-5 10-5 -4 -4 10 10 10-4 6α % 3α % 2α % 0.36 % 0.8 TCH/F2.5 % 0.8 % 6.1 % 4.1 % 0.6 % 5.7 % 8.1 % 4.9 % 6.4/α % 0.3/α % 0.42 % HT100 (no FH) 10.4 % 9% 9% 8% 13 % 13 % 12 % 19 % 19 % 15 % 0.1 % 0.8 % 5.(BFI or UFI)=0) (EVSIDR) (RBER.21 % 7.9 % 0.025 % 0.45 % .001 % 0.7 % 5.4 % 0.025 % 0.0: May 1996 Table 1: Reference sensitivity performance GSM 900 Type of channel FACCH/H FACCH/F SDCCH RACH SCH TCH/F9.4/α % 2% 0.001 % 0.4 % 0.Page 27 GSM 05.01 % 3.1 % 0.4 TCH/H2. (BFI or UFI)=0) (EVSIDR) (RBER.1.8 TCH/F2.0 % 0.003 % Propagation conditions TU50 TU50 RA250 (no FH) (ideal FH) (no FH) 6. SID=2 and (BFI or UFI)=0) (ESIDR) (RBER.21 % (continued) HT100 (no FH) 10.5 % 1% 10-5 0. BFI=0) (UFR) class Ib (RBER.003 % Type of channel FACCH/H FACCH/F SDCCH RACH SCH TCH/F9.0 % 0.5/α % 9% 5.32 % 9.36 % 0.1 % 0. SID=2 and (BFI or UFI)=0) (ESIDR) (RBER.0 % 3.0 % 3.8 TCH/F4.001 % 0. SID=1 or SID=2) static 0.8 % 6.0 % 0.28 % 6.3/α % 0.05 Version 5.4 % 0.2 % 4.0 % 3.048 % 0.8 % 3.2 % 0.1 % 0.001 % 0.3 % 12 % 13 % 16 % 0.8 TCH/F4.6 % 7.4/α % 2% 0.0 % 3.3/α % 0.02 % 3.9 % 0.38 % 0.02 % 3.4 % 0. BFI=0) class II (RBER.06 % 0.56 % 7.9 % 6.4 TCH/FS (FER) (FER) (FER) (FER) (FER) (BER) (BER) (BER) (BER) (FER) class Ib (RBER) class II (RBER) TCH/HS (FER) class Ib (RBER.048 % 0.72 % 0.0 % 7.24 % 0.0 % 0.24 % 0. BFI=0) class II (RBER.9 % 3.26 % 0.28 % 6.38 % 0.7 % 3.5 % 0.1 % 0.6 & H4. BFI=0) (UFR) class Ib (RBER.2 % 0.0 % 0.2/α % 8% 8% 7% 4.1 % -4 -4 10 10 10-4 -5 -5 10 10 10-5 10-4 10-4 10-4 3α % 3α % 2α % 0.33 % 0.21 % DCS 1800 Propagation conditions TU50 TU50 RA130 (no FH) (ideal FH) (no FH) 7.4 % 13 % 13 % 25 % 0.06 % 0.9 % 6.9 % 6.33 % 0.4 TCH/FS (FER) (FER) (FER) (FER) (FER) (BER) (BER) (BER) (BER) (FER) class Ib (RBER) TCH/HS class II (RBER) (FER) class Ib (RBER.1α % 0.4 % 7.4 % 13 % 8% 8% 13 % 13 % 12 % 16 % 16 % 15 % 0.6 & H4.01 % 0.01 % 0.2 % 0.5 % 0.01 % 0.1 % 0.7 % 10-4 10-5 10-4 7α % 0.001 % 0.5/α % 9% 4.0 % 6.35 % 9.01 % 0.8 % 8.01 % 0.7 % 5.0 % 3.7 % 10-4 10-5 10-4 7α % 0.2/α % 8% 8% 7% 4.1 % 0.5 % 1% 10-5 0.26 % 0.2 % 7.3 % 0.9 % 5.0 % 6.001 % 0.2 % 5.6 % 5.1α % 0.01 % 3.

should be better. SID=2 and (BFI or UFI)=0: Residual bit error rate of those bits in class I which do not belong to the SID codeword (defined as the ratio of the number of errors detected over the frames that are defined as "valid SID frames" to the number of transmitted bits in these frames. NOTE 3: NOTE 4: NOTE 5: . FER for CCHs takes into account frames which are signalled as being erroneous (by the FIRE code.05 Version 5. The value of α can be different for each channel condition but must remain the same for FER and class Ib RBER measurements for the same channel condition. Ideal FH case assumes perfect decorrelation between bursts.Page 28 GSM 05.1. RBER.0: May 1996 Table 1 (concluded): Reference sensitivity performance NOTE 1: NOTE 2: The specification for SDCCH applies also for BCCH. parity bits.6. under the condition that a valid SID frame was sent). Definitions: FER: Frame erasure rate (frames marked with BFI=1) UFR: Unreliable frame rate (frames marked with (BFI or UFI)=1) EVSIDR: Erased Valid SID frame rate (frames marked with (SID=0) or (SID=1) or ((BFI or UFI)=1) if a valid SID frame was transmitted) ESIDR: Erased SID frame rate (frames marked with SID=0 if a valid SID frame was transmitted) BER: Bit error rate RBER. sufficient decorrelation may be achieved with 4 frequencies spaced over 5MHz. (BFI or UFI)=0: Residual bit error rate (defined as the ratio of the number of errors detected over the frames defined as "reliable" to the number of transmitted bits in the "reliable" frames). For TU50 (ideal FH). SID=1 or SID=2: Residual bit error rate of those bits in class I which do not belong to the SID codeword (defined as the ratio of the number of errors detected over the frames that are defined as "valid SID frames" or as "invalid SID frames" to the number of transmitted bits in these frames. This case may only be tested if such a decorrelation is ensured in the test. AGCH. under the condition that a valid SID frame was sent). SACCH. RBER. 1 ≤ α ≤ 1. BFI=0: Residual bit error rate (defined as the ratio of the number of errors detected over the frames defined as "good" to the number of transmitted bits in the "good" frames). or other means) or where the stealing flags are wrongly interpreted. The actual performance of SACCH. RBER. PCH.

8 TCH/F4.4 % 9.1 % 7.52 % 2.29 % 0.20 % 0.5 % Propagation conditions TU3 TU50 TU50 (ideal FH) (no FH) (ideal FH) 6.0: May 1996 Table 2: Reference interference performance GSM 900 Type of channel FACCH/H FACCH/F SDCCH RACH SCH TCH/F9.20 % RA130 (no FH) 5.1.02 % 17.17 % 6.29 % 7.5 % 8% 13 % 18 % 0.4 % 3.3 % 0.7 % 6.25/α % 8% 8.1 % 6.2/α % 0.4 % 9% 9% 9% 15 % 16 % 16 % 17 % 19 % 19 % 0.8 % 0.7 % 3.4 % 3.17 % 6.1 % 5.01 % 0.02 % 17.0 % 0.0 % 5.29 % 21.2 % 6.8 TCH/F4.1 % 0.(BFI or UFI)=0) (EVSIDR) (RBER.6 & H4.1 % 6.0 % 0.2/α % 8% 4.8 TCH/F2.27 % 0.6 % 0.0 % 0.8 % 20. BFI=0) (UFR) class Ib (RBER.0 % 5.29 % 7.7 % 6.1 % 8.21 % 0.5 % 8% 13 % 18 % 0.7 % 3.6 % 3.1 % 0.1 % 0.2/α % 8% 8% 8% 5.2/α % 0.2 % 6.6 % 0.0 % 7.6 % 3.5 (no FH) 22 % 22 % 22 % 15 % 17 % 8% 3% 3% 4% 21α % 2/α % 4% 19.4 TCH/H2.4 TCH/FS (FER) (FER) (FER) (FER) (FER) (BER) (BER) (BER) (BER) (FER) class Ib (RBER) class II (RBER) TCH/HS (FER) class Ib (RBER.1 % 6.7 % 0.2/α % 8% 4.4 TCH/H2.0 % 5.8 % 20. SID=1 or SID=2) TU1.4 TCH/FS (FER) (FER) (FER) (FER) (FER) (BER) (BER) (BER) (BER) (FER) class Ib (RBER) class II (RBER) TCH/HS (FER) class Ib (RBER.9 % 6.1 % 0.8 TCH/F2.0 % 7.2 % 6.0 % 5. BFI=0) class II (RBER.1 % 0.0 % 0. BFI=0) class II (RBER.3 % 0.01 % 3.5 % Type of channel FACCH/H FACCH/F SDCCH RACH SCH TCH/F9. (BFI or UFI)=0) (EVSIDR) (RBER.1 % 7.6 % 0.6 % 3.01 % 0.1 % 0. SID=2 and (BFI or UFI)=0) (ESIDR) (RBER.6 & H4.4 % 0. SID=2 and (BFI or UFI)=0) (ESIDR) (RBER.26 % 0.5 % 3.9 % 3.2 % 7.21 % 7.9 % 0.5 TU50 TU50 (ideal FH) (no FH) ideal FH) 6.4 % 9% 13 % 9% 15 % 16 % 16 % 17 % 17 % 17 % 0.6 % 3.1 % 7.20 % .52 % 2.1 % 7.3 % 10-4 10-4 10-4 10-5 3 10-5 10-5 -4 -4 10 2 10 10-4 3α % 6α % 3α % 0.2 % 10-4 10-5 10-4 3α % 0.27 % 0.7 % 3.25/α % 0.01 % 3.2 % 10-4 10-5 10-4 3α % 0. SID=1 or SID=2) TU3 (no FH) 22 % 22 % 22 % 15 % 17 % 8% 3% 3% 4% 21α % 2/α % 4% 19.26 % (continued) RA250 (no FH) 5.0 % 5.0 % 5.7 % 0.6 % 0.01 % 3.7 % 6.27 % 0.01 % 0.27 % 0.3 % 0.20 % 0.21 % 7.7 % 0.26 % 0. BFI=0) (UFR) class Ib (RBER.26 % DCS 1800 Propagation conditions TU1.05 Version 5.1 % 7.29 % 0.Page 29 GSM 05.21 % 0.21 % 7.01 % 3.9 % 0.21 % 7.01 % 0.3 % 10-4 10-4 10-4 10-5 10-5 10-5 -4 -4 10 10 10-4 3α % 3α % 3α % 0.4/α % 0.3 % 0.4 % 0.7 % 0.8 % 0.29 % 21.

For TU50 (ideal FH). SID=2 and (BFI or UFI)=0: Residual bit error rate of those bits in class I which do not belong to the SID codeword (defined as the ratio of the number of errors detected over the frames that are defined as "valid SID frames" to the number of transmitted bits in these frames. under the condition that a valid SID frame was sent). The value of α can be different for each channel condition but must remain the same for FER and class Ib RBER measurements for the same channel condition.05 Version 5. 1 ≤ α ≤ 1.Page 30 GSM 05. parity bits. sufficient decorrelation cannot easily be achieved.5 (ideal FH). FER for CCHs takes into account frames which are signalled as being erroneous (by the FIRE code. PCH. SID=1 or SID=2: Residual bit error rate of those bits in class I which do not belong to the SID codeword (defined as the ratio of the number of errors detected over the frames that are defined as "valid SID frames" or as "invalid SID frames" to the number of transmitted bits in these frames. under the condition that a valid SID frame was sent). RBER. BFI=0: Residual bit error rate (defined as the ratio of the number of errors detected over the frames defined as "good" to the number of transmitted bits in the "good" frames).1.5 (no FH) cases should be better. The TU3 (ideal FH) and TU1. sufficient decorrelation may be achieved with 4 frequencies spaced over 5MHz. NOTE 2: NOTE 3: NOTE 4: NOTE 5: . RBER. or other means) or where the stealing flags are wrongly interpreted. SACCH. Definitions: FER: Frame erasure rate (frames marked with BFI=1) UFR: Unreliable frame rate (frames marked with (BFI or UFI)=1) EVSIDR: Erased Valid SID frame rate (frames marked with (SID=0) or (SID=1) or ((BFI or UFI)=1) if a valid SID frame was transmitted) ESIDR: Erased SID frame rate (frames marked with SID=0 if a valid SID frame was transmitted) BER: Bit error rate RBER. AGCH. Ideal FH case assumes perfect decorrelation between bursts.0: May 1996 Table 2 (concluded): Reference interference performance GSM 900 NOTE 1: The specification for SDCCH applies also for BCCH. This case may only be tested if such a decorrelation is ensured in the test.6. These performance requirements are given for information purposes and need not be tested. particularly for the C/I TU3 (no FH) and TU 1. (BFI or UFI)=0: Residual bit error rate (defined as the ratio of the number of errors detected over the frames defined as "reliable" to the number of transmitted bits in the "reliable" frames). RBER. The actual performance of SACCH.

1.05 Version 5.0: May 1996 Annex A (informative): Spectrum characteristics modulation) (spectrum due to the Figure A.Page 31 GSM 05.1: GSM 900 MS spectrum due to modulation .

2: GSM 900 BTS spectrum due to modulation .0: May 1996 Figure A.Page 32 GSM 05.05 Version 5.1.

0: May 1996 Figure A.Page 33 GSM 05.05 Version 5.3: DCS 1800 MS spectrum due to modulation .1.

0: May 1996 Figure A.1.4: DCS 1800 BTS spectrum due to modulation .05 Version 5.Page 34 GSM 05.

Page 35 GSM 05. no requirement below -30 dBc (see 4. whichever is the higher (**) (***) For GSM 900 MS : . FB.05 Version 5. DB and SB) Time mask for access burst (AB) (*) For GSM 900 MS For DCS 1800 MS For GSM 900 BTS and DCS 1800 BTS For GSM 900 MS : : : : see 4.5. -2dBc for power level 17.1). -4 dBc for power control level 16.1.2 -48 dBc or -48 dBm. -1dBc for power level controls levels 18 and 19 -30dBc or -17dBm.0: May 1996 Annex B (normative): Transmitted power level versus time Time mask for normal duration bursts (NB.5. whichever is the higher.

0.[ . In order to allow practical simulation.Page 36 GSM 05. we define the two types of doppler spectra which will be used for the modeling of the channel. the average delay profiles and the doppler spectra are necessary to simulate the radio channel. (RICE) S(f) = 0.fd. the different propagation models will be presented here in the following terms: 1) 2) a discrete number of taps. Since the MS will be moving. This power spectrum is used for the shortest path of the RA model. the Rayleigh distributed amplitude of each tap. (CLASS) S(f) = A/(1-(f/fd)2 )0. Close to the MS these paths are further randomised by local reflections or diffractions. with v (in ms-1) representing the vehicle speed. f)exp(2iπfT)dfdT where the terms on the right-hand side represent the delayed signals. their amplitudes and doppler spectra.1.7 fd ) for f ∈ ]-fd . Throughout this section the following abbreviations will be used: fd = v/λ.91 δ(f . the angle of arrival must also be taken into account. giving rise to a number of waves that arrive in the vicinity of the MS with random amplitudes and delays. b) RICE is the sum of a classical doppler spectrum and one direct path. varying according to a doppler spectrum S(f). since it affects the doppler shift associated with a wave arriving from a particular direction.0: May 1996 Annex C (normative): C.2 Doppler spectrum types In this section.5 for f ∈ -fd.41/(2πfd(1-(f/fd )2 )0. Echos of identical delays arise from reflectors located on an ellipse. such that the total multipath contribution is equal to that of the direct path. It has been shown that the criterion for wide sense stationarity is satisfied for distances of about 10 metres. each determined by their time delay and their average power. C.5 ) + 0.T)S(T. The multipath phenomenon may be described in the following way in terms of the time delays and the doppler shifts associated with each delay: z(t ) = ∫∫ R 2 y(t .05 Version 5. Based on the wide sense stationary uncorrelated scattering (WSSUS) model. and λ (in m) the wavelength: The following types are defined: a) CLASS is the classical doppler spectrum and will be used in all but one case. fd.1 Propagation conditions Simple wideband propagation model Radio propagation in the mobile radio environment is described by highly dispersive multipath caused by reflection and scattering. represents the maximum doppler shift. The paths between base station and mobile station may be considered to consist of large reflectors and/or scatterers some distance to the MS.

6.05 Version 5.0 Relative time (µs) (2) 0.0 1.2 0. where NAME is the name of the particular model.0 15.3 0.2 20.10.3 0.12.0 .0 0. C.0 .10.8.0 .0 .0 doppler spectrum RICE CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS C.20.0 0.Page 37 GSM 05.0 .14. are given.0 .0 .8.0 .0 0.4.12.2.20.0: May 1996 C.0 . indicated respectively by (1) and (2) in the appropriate columns.0 doppler spectrum CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS .0 .2 15.0 .0 2.0 .0 .1 0.0 . This reduced configuration may be used in particular for the multipath simulation on an interfering signal.0 15.8.14.0 0.2 Typical case for hilly terrain (HTx): (12 tap setting) Tap number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 (1) 0.4 15.2 20.0 .9.10. which is defined hereunder.6 Average relative power (dB) (1) (2) 0.3.0 .4 0.0 .0 0.0 . and x is the vehicle speed (in km/h) which impacts on the definition of fd (see section C.2) and hence on the doppler spectra. As a general principle those models are referred to as NAMEx. Those models are usually defined by 12 tap settings.10.5 0.0 .0 .8.6 0.3 15.0 .3.0 0.12.2 0.0 .1 Typical case for rural area (RAx): (6 tap setting) Tap number 1 2 3 4 5 6 (1) 0. however.6. according to the simulators available it may not be possible to simulate the complete model.0 Average relative power (dB) (1) (2) .0 .9.16.2 0.8 2.10.5 Relative time (µs) (2) 0.7 1.0 0. For each model two equivalent alternative tap settings.0 .0 0.0 .4.1.4 0.1 0.8.2 15.3 Propagation models In this section the propagation models that are mentioned in the main body of GSM 05.4. Therefore a reduced configuration of 6 taps is also defined in those cases.05 are defined.7 17.0 .0 0.0 . Whenever possible the full configuration should be used.8 17.4.4 0.4.

7 (2) 0.0 .7.6 0.0 0.0 .0 .0 0.4 9.0: May 1996 The reduced setting (6 taps) is defined hereunder.4.5.2.0 0.3.0 .3 0.0 . Tap number 1 2 3 4 5 6 Relative time (µs) (1) 0.6 1.0 .0 doppler spectrum CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS C.2 0.3.10.10.0 (2) 0.0 .0 0.2 5.5 .0 .2 0.0 .0 0.0 .0 doppler spectrum CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS C.0 .4 1.0 0.8.8.4.4 3.9.2 6.0 0. Tap number 1 2 3 4 5 6 Relative time (µs) (1) 0.8 16.11.4 Profile for equalisation test (EQx): (6 tap setting) Tap number 1 2 3 4 5 6 Relative time (µs) 0.0 .2 5.0 .0 .0 3.0 .0 .1 3.3.0 0.0 0.5 15.0 0.17.1.0 .0 0.0 doppler spectrum CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS .05 Version 5.0 17.6.7.3.10.4 0.0 .0 .2 0.6.3.0 .0 3.1.7.0 0.6.0 .1 0.8 2.8.1 1.0 .3 0.2 Average relative power (dB) (1) 0.7.6 12.0 .8 1.4 5.4.0 0.2 1.0 (2) .3 Typical case for urban area (TUx): (12 tap setting) Tap number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Relative time (µs) (1) 0.5.0 .0 .0 (2) .5 .6 15.0 (2) 0.5 0.4.0 .2.0 doppler spectrum CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS The reduced TUx setting (6 taps) is defined hereunder.2 0.10.0 Average relative power (dB) 0.7 2.5 .4 0.5.6 .2.2.5 1.2 (2) 0.3 1.0 .6.6 2.5 .0 0.6.Page 38 GSM 05.0 Average relative power (dB) (1) .12.6 2.3.6 .0 .0 Average relative power (dB) (1) .5.3 5.3 3.1 0.0 17.8.3.0 .8 1.3.0 .11.0 .0 0.2.0 .

05 for extreme operation. the MS shall inhibit all RF transmissions when the power supply voltage is below the manufacturer declared shut-down voltage. Within these limits the requirements of the GSM specifications shall be fulfilled.9 * nominal Higher extreme voltage 1. the lower extreme voltage shall not be higher. and the higher extreme voltage shall not be lower than that specified below. the voltage range between the extreme voltages.3 * nominal nominal nominal Normal cond. In no case shall the MS exceed the transmitted levels as defined in GSM 05.9 * nominal 0.2. i. In particular. .1 Temperature The MS shall fulfil all the requirements in the full temperature range of +15 oC -10 oC -20 oC +35 oC +55 oC +55 oC for normal conditions (with relative humidity of 25% to 75%) for DCS 1800 MS and small MS units extreme conditions (see IEC publications 68-2-1 and 68-2-2) for other units extreme conditions (see IEC publications 68-2-1 and 68-2-2) Outside this temperature range the MS.Page 39 GSM 05. Power source Lower extreme voltage 0.2.1. if powered on. In no case shall the MS exceed the transmitted levels as defined in GSM 05. D.2 Voltage The MS shall fulfill all the requirements in the full voltage range. D.05 Version 5. For the equipment that can be operated from one or more of the power sources listed below. shall not make ineffective use of the radio frequency spectrum. D.1 General Environmental conditions This normative annex specifies the environmental requirements of GSM 900 and DCS 1800.1 * nominal 1. voltage nominal 1.85 * nominal 0.9 * nominal 0. if powered on.0: May 1996 Annex D (normative): D. The manufacturer shall declare the lower and higher extreme voltages and the approximate shut-down voltage. shall not make ineffective use of the radio frequency spectrum.2 Environmental requirements for the MSs The requirements in this section apply to all types of MSs.e.05 for extreme operation. both for MS and BSS equipment.1 * nominal nominal nominal AC mains Regulated lead acid battery Non regulated batteries Leclanché/lithium mercury/nickel cadmium Outside this voltage range the MS.

.96 m /s 2 3 0.3 Environmental requirements for the BSS equipment This section applies to both GSM 900 and DCS 1800 BSS equipment. thereafter -3dB/Octave (see IEC publication 68-2-36) 2 3 Outside the specified frequency range the MS. Environmental conditions and environmental tests for telecommunications equipment.1. Outside the specified range for any of the environmental conditions.96 m /s at 20 Hz.Page 40 GSM 05.2. D.05 for extreme operation. shall not make ineffective use of the radio frequency spectrum. Stationary use at non-weatherprotected locations ETS 300 019-1-4: The operator can specify the range of environmental conditions according to his needs. The BSS equipment shall fulfil all the requirements in the full range of environmental conditions for the relevant environmental class from the relevant ETSs listed below: ETS 300 019-1-3: Equipment Engineering (EE).0: May 1996 D. In no case shall the MS exceed the transmitted levels as defined in GSM 05.3 Vibration The MS shall fulfil all the requirements when vibrated at the following frequency/amplitudes: Frequency 5 Hz to 20 Hz 20 Hz to 500 Hz ASD (Acceleration Spectral Density) random vibration 0.05 Version 5. In no case shall the BTS exceed the transmitted levels as defined in GSM 05. Part 1-4: Classification of environmental conditions. Stationary use at weatherprotected locations Equipment Engineering (EE). the BTS shall not make ineffective use of the radio frequency spectrum. if powered on. Part 1-3: Classification of environmental conditions.05 for extreme operation. Environmental conditions and environmental tests for telecommunications equipment.

- Outside of the relevant transmit bands the power measured in the bandwidths according to table E:1 below.Page 41 GSM 05.50 MHz 50 MHz . 1µW (-30dBm) in the relevant MS and BS transmit frequency bands for a DCS1800 repeater at offsets of > 100kHz from the carrier.05.05 Version 5. the specifications currently only apply to the frequency band 30 MHz to 4 GHz. of GSM 05. NOTE: For radiated spurious emissions.30 The following requirements apply to the uplink and downlink directions. The specification and method of measurement outside this band are under consideration. 1µW (-30dBm) in the frequency band 1 .1. The environmental conditions for repeaters are specified in annex D. Table :E.1 Introduction Repeater characteristics A repeater receives amplifies and transmits simultaneously both the radiated RF carrier in the downlink direction (from the base station to the mobile area) and in the uplink direction (from the mobile to the base station). at a level which produces the manufacturers maximum rated power output.0: May 1996 Annex E (normative): E. BS and MS transmit bands are as defined in section 2 of GSM 05.3.12.1GHz.1 Band Frequency offset 100 kHz .2 Spurious emissions At maximum repeater gain. These network planning aspects of repeaters are covered in GSM 03. In sections 2 and 3 the maximum output power per carrier is the value declared by the manufacturer.500 MHz above 500 MHz outside the (offset from edge of the relevant BS Transmit band or relevant above band) MS transmit band > 0 MHz ≥ 2 MHz ≥ 5 MHz ≥ 10 MHz ≥ 20 MHz ≥ 30 MHz Measurement bandwidth 10 kHz 100 kHz 10 kHz 30 kHz 100 kHz 300 kHz 1 MHz 3 MHz The requirement applies to all ports of the repeater. Further application dependant requirements on repeaters need to be considered by operators before they are deployed.05. E. with or without a continuous static sine wave input signal in the operating band of the repeater. the following requirements shall be met The average power of any single spurious measured in a 3 kHz bandwidth shall be no greater than: 250nW (-36dBm) in the relevant MS and BS transmit frequency bands for a GSM repeater at offsets of > 100kHz from the carrier. .75GHz. shall be no greater than: 250nW (-36dBm) in the frequency band 9KHz . This annex details the minimum radio frequency performance of GSM/DCS 1800 repeaters.

the average power of any intermodulation products measured in a 3 kHz bandwidth shall be no greater than: 250nW (-36dBm) in the frequency band 9 kHz . +35dB at 1MHz and +25dB at 5MHz offset and greater from the edges of the BS and MS transmit bands.30.12.4 Out of band gain The following requirements apply at all frequencies from 9KHz to 12. the requirements shall still be met The requirement applies to all ports of the repeater.3 Intermodulaton products At maximum repeater gain. The net out of band gain in both directions through the repeater shall be less than +50dB at 400kHz. E. +40dB at 600kHz.75GHz excluding the relevant transmit bands.0: May 1996 E.1. with two continuous static sine wave input signals in the operating band of the repeater. When the two input signals are simultaneously increased by 10dB each.75 GHz. at equal levels which produce the maximum rated power output per carrier.05 Version 5. . In special circumstances additional filtering may be required out of band and reference should be made to GSM 03.1 GHz. 1µW (-30dBm) in the frequency band 1 .Page 42 GSM 05.

0: May 1996 Annex F (Normative): F. The values of X and Y for GSM 900 and DCS 1800 are given in table F.05. An Antenna Feeder Loss Compensator (AFLC) is physically connected between the MS and the antenna in a vehicle mounted installation.05 Version 5.915 MHz for a GSM 900 AFLC. For a DCS 1800 AFLC. with a tolerance of +1/-1 dB. When referred to in this specification. over the relevant transmit band. which supports both the GSM and DCS bands. . • A GSM input signal. The environmental conditions for the AFLC are specified in Annex D. • The maximum rated output power for a GSM 900 AFLC is +33 dBm and for a DCS1800 AFLC is +30 dBm. For a GSM 900 AFLC. For DCS1800. F. A 50 ohm measurement impedance is assumed. for the first 13 reduced input levels and +/-2 dB for the 2 lowest input levels. Unless otherwise stated. with a gain nominally equal to the loss of the feeder cable.2. for a DCS 1800 AFLC. For GSM 900.1 Introduction Antenna Feeder Loss Compensator Characteristics.1 Maximum output power With a GSM input signal at a level of X dBm. with a tolerance of +1/-1 dB. The power level specified for the GSM input signal. including all associated feeder and connecting cables. is the power averaged over the useful part of the burst. the net path gain over the relevant transmit band shall be 0 dB.05. F.05). Table F.1785 MHz.1.Page 43 GSM 05.1: Input and output levels for testing maximum output power. For compatibility reasons. GSM 900 +39 dBm +35 dBm DCS1800 +36 dBm +32 dBm X Y F. the requirements in this section apply at all frequencies in the transmit band 880 .2 of GSM 05. the requirements apply to an AFLC intended for use with a DCS1800 class mark 1 MS. the AFLC gain shall be 0 dB with a tolerance of +1/-1 dB.2 Transmitting path Unless otherwise stated. the requirements apply to an AFLC intended for use with a GSM 900 class mark 4 MS. the requirements defined in this specification apply to the full range of environmental conditions specified for the AFLC (see Annex D2 of GSM 05. is a GMSK signal modulated with random data. It also includes informative guidelines on the use and design of the AFLC.1. It amplifies the signal received in the downlink direction and the signal transmitted in the uplink direction. which meets the performance requirements of GSM 05. For a dual band AFLC. for an MS of equivalent output power. for the first 10 reduced input levels and +/-2 dB for the 4 lowest input levels. The following requirements apply to AFLC devices intended for use in the GSM 900 and DCS1800 frequency bands. with the input level reduced in 14 steps of 2 dB.2. and at all frequencies in the transmit band 1710 . a GSM 900 AFLC is required to support the Extended GSM band. the maximum output power shall be less than a level of Y dBm. The requirements apply to the AFLC. the requirements apply in both transmit bands. This specification details the minimum radio frequency performance of GSM AFLC devices. the net path gain over the relevant transmit band shall be 0 dB. with the input level reduced in 15 steps of 2 dB. at a level which produces the maximum rated output power.2 Gain With a GSM input signal.

5 µs (falling edge) 147 useful bits Tolerances .. With a DCS input signal. Input signal level -59 dBc (or -54 dBm... whichever is greater) -30 dBc -6 dBc Input signal time t48 t30 t6 Output signal level -48 dBc -30 dBc -6 dBc Tolerances .3 Burst transmission characteristics With a GSM input signal..2.. F..2b and F.10.. F..0: May 1996 In frequency bands which are not supported.4 Phase error The increase in phase error of a GSM input signal.. All output signal levels are relative to the average power level over the 147 useful bits of the output signal.......t6 +/.output signal level -6..14 µs t30 +/.3.2. Table 3: Signal level tolerances for both GSM and DCS AFLC...3.05 ppm.05.Page 44 GSM 05. the gain shall be no greater than the maximum value in the relevant transmit band. which meets the frequency accuracy requirements of GSM 05.5 µs The input signal time is the time at which the input level crosses the corresponding signal level.output signal time t59 +/. the shape of the GSM AFLC output signal related to this input signal shall meet the tolerances of tables F.1 dB All input signal levels are relative to the average power level over the 147 useful bits of the input signal.2a and F.14 µs t30 +/. shall be no greater than 2 degrees RMS and 8 degrees peak. Table 2a: Timing tolerances between input and output signals for a GSM AFLC.5 Frequency error The increase in frequency error of a GSM input signal..t6 +/..2..5 µs (rising edge) t6.....9 µs t6 +/. the shape of the DCS AFLC shall meet the tolerances of tables F.. ....1... Note: The tolerances on the output signal correspond to the time mask of GSM 05.9 µs t6 +/.output signal time t48 +/.05 Version 5. which meets the phase error requirements of GSM 05. F. Input signal level -48 dBc (or -48 dBm.+4 dB -6...5 µs Table 2b: Timing tolerances between input and output signals for a DCS AFLC. shall be no greater than 0.05..+1 dB +/.. with the input signal in the middle of the tolerance field. Range t6.. The above requirements apply to both the rising and falling edge of the burst. whichever is greater) -30 dBc -6 dBc Input signal time t59 t30 t6 Output signal level -59 dBc -30 dBc -6 dBc Tolerances .

1 GHz. • 1. and a DCS classmark 3 mobile station.8 MHz >/= 6.1000 MHz. transmitting at +36 dBm for a DCS 1800 AFLC. F.2.Page 45 GSM 05. transmitting at +39 dBm for a GSM 900 AFLC. • 20 nW (-47 dBm) in the frequency bands 1000 . Band relevant transmit band and <2 MHz offset from band edge Frequency offset from test signal freq. 1 µW (-30 dBm) in the frequency band 1 .5: Out of band spurious emissions measurement conditions. 915 . Band 100 kHz .25 nW (-59 dBm) in the frequency band 880 . >/= 1. shall be no more than -71 dBm.5 below.75 Ghz Table F. the power measured in the bandwidths according to table F.12750 MHz.6 Group delay The absolute value of the group delay (signal propagation delay) shall not exceed 500 nS.4. . 1785 .915 MHz.1785 MHz.05 Version 5.1710 MHz.7 Spurious emissions With a GSM input signal corresponding to a GSM classmark 2 mobile station.1.0: May 1996 F.2. the peak power of any single spurious emission measured in a 100 kHz bandwidth shall be no greater than: • 2nW (-57 dBm) in the frequency bands 9 kHz .0 MHz Measurement bandwidth 30 kHz 100 kHz Outside of this transmit band. • 5 nW (-53 dBm) in the frequency band 1710 .12. shall be no greater than: 250 nW (-36 dBm) in the frequency band 9 kHz .880 MHz.50 MHz 50 MHz -500 MHz above 500 MHz but excluding the transmit band Frequency offset (offset from edge of the transmit band) >/= >/= >/= >/= >/= 2 MHz 5 MHz 10 MHz 20 MHz 30 MHz Measurement Bandwidth 10 kHz 100kHz 30 kHz 100 kHz 300 kHz 1 MHz 3 MHz In the band 935-960 MHz. the peak power of any single spurious emission measured in a bandwidth according to table F. in the band 925-935. Table F.4: Transmit band spurious emissions measurement conditions. the power measured in any 100 kHz band shall be no more than -79 dBm. shall be no more than -67 dBm and in the band 1805-1880 MHz. shall be no greater than -36 dBm in the relevant transmit band. With no input signal and the MS input port terminated and unterminated.

8 VSWR The VSWR shall be less than 1.4 Intermodulation performance The output third order intercept point shall be greater than -10 dBm.3. F. will provide a performance improvement for all of the different GSM MS implementations and installations.5 VSWR The VSWR shall be less than 1.2.4 Guidelines (Informative) The specifications of the AFLC. and at all frequencies in the receive band 1805 . F. it is sufficient to use a CW signal to test this requirement. F. F.3.2. When installed correctly the AFLC can provide enhancement of the MS to BTS link in vehicular installations.3 Group delay The absolute value of the group delay (signal propagation delay) shall not exceed 500 nS. which meets the requirements of this specification.3. to which it designed to be connected. the requirements apply in both receive bands. For test purposes. have been developed to ensure that a generic AFLC causes minimal degradation of the parametric performance of the MS. it is not guaranteed that an AFLC.2 Noise figure The noise figure shall be less than 7 dB for a GSM 900 AFLC and less than 7 dB for a DCS1800 AFLC.05 Version 5. F. to which it is connected.7:1 at the RF port of the device which is intended to be connected to the MS.3. F.3.6 Stability The AFLC shall be unconditionally stable.1 Gain With a GSM input signal at any level in the range -102 dBm to -20 dBm for an GSM 900 AFLC and -100 dBm to -20 dBm for a DCS1800 AFLC.0: May 1996 F. The VSWR shall be less than 2:1 at the RF port of the device which is intended to be connected to the antenna. the requirements in this section apply at all frequencies in the receive band 925 .9 Stability The AFLC shall be unconditionally stable. However.Page 46 GSM 05. The VSWR shall be less than 2:1 at the RF port of the device which is intended to be connected to the antenna. • The classmark of the MS. For a dual band AFLC.3 Receiving path Unless otherwise stated. F. The following should be clearly marked on the AFLC: • The intended band(s) of operation. F. which supports both the GSM and DCS bands.7:1 at the RF port of the device which is intended to be connected to the MS.1880 MHz.3. the gain shall be 0 dB with a tolerance of +1/-1 dB. F. for a DCS 1800 AFLC.960 MHz for a GSM 900 AFLC. .1.

Page 47 GSM 05. with the minimum amount of additional cabling. can only be assessed on a case by case basis. The benefits of installing an AFLC in a vehicular application. . e. the best downlink performance will be obtained if the low noise amplifier is situated as closely as possible to the output of the antenna. When designing an AFLC to be used with a GSM MS. When used. the AFLC should only be installed in the type approved configuration.g. may provide the best performance for some implementations.0: May 1996 Some MS implementations significantly exceed the performance requirements of GSM 05. with respect to reference sensitivity performance.05.05 Version 5. A purely passive feeder of low loss cable.1.

1.0.1.0: May 1996 History Document history February 1996 March 1996 April 1996 May 1996 Creation of Version 5.0.05-A018) Publication of Version 5.0 (CR 05.05 Version 5.1.0 Publication of Version 5.0 ISBN 2-7437-0722-4 Dépôt légal : Mai 1996 .Page 48 GSM 05.0 Creation of Version 5.

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