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2-Camera Curve Calibration

2-Camera Curve Calibration

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Published by: JenniferPaz on Jan 14, 2013
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Calibrating Camera Response Curve


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Camera Curve Calibration
A lot of digital cameras are sufficiently different from a gamma 2.2 mapping that we need to explicitly derive their “Camera Response Curves”. We do this through a process called “Camera Response Curve Calibration”. It’s pretty simple really. You take several images of a scene at known exposures. The closer the exposures the better. I’d recommend ½ to ¼ stop increments, though it works ok with the standard 1 stop increments on most cameras. If you use a good exposure (that has both saturated regions, black regions, and stuff in between), the calibration can work with as little as two images, but in most cases you probably want to get four or five images to get a good curve. Once we have these images, we start up the Curve Calibrator in HDR Shop, which is under the Create menu as "Calibrate Camera Curve":

To specify your calibration images, click on the "Select Image Sequence" button. The "Select Calibration Image Sequence" dialog box will open:

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corresponding to the four different columns. 2 of 5 06/11/2007 20:51 .usc.ict. is the exposure of each image in absolute stops. Now you need to enter an exposure for each image in the sequence. The scale columns store values in terms of their linear scale multiplier.html Click on the Load Images button to select files to add to your sequence. Stops" for example. which initially stores the average pixel value. "Abs.edu/HDRShop/tutorial/tutorial2. You can enter the data in four different formats. "Rel. If the entire sequence is taken at a certain stop increment. If you accidentally select and open the wrong files you can simply highlight them and click the Remove button. Stops" is the exposure difference in stops relative to the previous image.Calibrating Camera Response Curve http://gl. you can choose one of the "Preset Scale Increments". You can change the values in that column to rearrange the files if they are not in the correct order. Loaded files are sorted automatically based on the "sort" column.

Once all the information on the images that make up the sequence is correct press the Ok button. It has no effect on the solver. or B in the "Select Channel(s)" box to enter values there.usc. This is mainly useful if you are using filters to control the exposure level. G. The image data will be loaded and you will be returned to the Calibrate Camera Response Curve dialog box.ict. At this point. it just lets you inspect different areas of the curve. If you want to enter different values for each channel. Green and Blue) simultaneously. you can start the iterative solver by pressing the "Go" button. the curve collapses into a good solution: 3 of 5 06/11/2007 20:51 . which is confusing the solver somewhat. In this case.html By default. the camera is clamping pixels at a very low value of around 160. you are entering values for all three channels (Red. as even supposedly "Neutral Density" filters are not always entirely neutral (that is. they tend to block more blue light than red light). You can choose the valid pixel range by moving the blue arrows at the bottom of the graph. If we move the right arrow down to ignore values greater than 160.Calibrating Camera Response Curve http://gl.edu/HDRShop/tutorial/tutorial2. you can select R. The blue crosshairs in the middle allow you to control the scale on the curve.

you can apply a regularization factor (i.e. Simply click the 'regularize' checkbox to turn on smoothing.ict.Calibrating Camera Response Curve http://gl. and adjust the degree of regularization with the slider: 4 of 5 06/11/2007 20:51 .html If need be. smoothing) to the curve to get rid of any bumps that you think are not part of the actual curve.edu/HDRShop/tutorial/tutorial2.usc.

Calibrating Camera Response Curve http://gl.ict. Return to the tutorials 5 of 5 06/11/2007 20:51 .usc.edu/HDRShop/tutorial/tutorial2.html Once you have a curve you like. you can stop the solver and save the curve to a file for later reference.

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