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AP study questions

AP study questions

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STUDY QUESTIONS Digestive System

Answers are provided below each question 1. Chemical digestion of food involves: A. condensation reactions in the small intestine B. Enzymatic conversion of monosaccharides to polysaccharides in the small intestine C. hydrolysis reactions in the large intestine (colon) D. hydrolysis reactions in the small intestine E. two of the above.
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2. Human dentition can be defined as being: A. B. C. D. E. heterodont homodont diphyodont monophyodont two of the preceding.
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3. The gall bladder: A. B. C. D. E. produces bile is attached to the pancreas stores bile produces gastrin two of the preceding.
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4. The esophageal hiatus is the:

A. B. C. D. E.

opening between the esophagus and the pharynx junction between the esophagus and stomach region where the esophagus joins the larynx site where the esophagus passes through the diaphram location where skeletal and smooth muscles merge.
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5. A patient who has undergone gastrectomy (=removal of the stomach) may suffer from: A. B. C. D. E. cirrhosis of the liver pernicious anemia duodenal ulcer salmonella inability to digest fats.
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6. The organs of taste are called: A. B. C. D. E. papillae taste pores hair cells taste buds none of the preceding.
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7. Blood is drained from the liver by the: A. B. C. D. E. hepatic artery and hepatic vein efferent lymphatic vessels hepatic portal vein and hepatic veins hepatic artery and hepatic portal vein hepatic veins.
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8. The conversion of amino acids to glucose is an example of: A. B. C. D. E. glycogenolysis beta oxidation gluconeogenesis glycogenesis glycolysis.
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MATCHING: Select the one correct answer: (Items A through E may be used more than once.) A) B) C) D) E) Large intestine pancreas stomach small intestine esophagus

9. Villi are present in this structure 10. Enterokinase is secreted by cells in this structure 11. Peyer's patches are present in the wall 12. Rugae may be present on the luminal surface 13. Sucrase, lactase and maltase are produced by cells in this structure 14. Haustra are typical features of this structure 15. Opens into the laryngopharynx 16. Pepsinogen is produced by cells in this structure 17. Contains the islets of Langerhans 18. The cardia and fundus are regions of this structure 19. Parietal and chief cells are present in the walls 20. The jejunum is part of this structure 21. Aminopeptidase is produced by cells in this structure 22. Lipase is produced by cells in this structure 23. Ribonuclease and deoxyribonuclease are produced in this structure 24. Taeniae coli are present in this structure

25. Contains skeletal (striated) and visceral (smooth ) muscle in the wall.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Select the best answer. 26. Which of the following is not a function of the liver? A. B. C. D. E. synthesis of blood proteins secretion of digestive enzyme detoxification of certain substances production of urea gluconeogenesis.
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27. The dentin in the crown of a tooth is coved by: A. B. C. D. E. cementum periodontal membrane connective tissue fibers in the pulp enamel odontoblasts.
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28. Pancreatic cells: A. B. C. D. E. produce glucagon secrete mucus into the duodenum are located in the mediastinum secrete insulin into the pancreatic two of the above
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29. The cecum is a region of the:

A. B. C. D. E.

stomach duodenum large intestine rectum pharynx.
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MATCHING: Match the food category with the appropriate enzyme. (Items A through D may be used more than once.) A) B) C) D) Carbohydrate digestion protein digestion Iipid digestion nucleic acid digestion. Amylase Trypsin Aminopeptidase Lipase Ribonuclease Pepsin. Maltase Chymotrypsin Lactase Sucrase Deoxyribonuclease.
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30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Select the best answer. 41. Which of the following is not a fat-soluable vitamin? A. vitamin A B. vitamin E C. vitamin D

ACTH oxytocin FSH ADH LH Look here for the ans wer 43. During stress such as fasting or strenuous exercise. B. Look here for the ans wer 45. vitamin K Look here for the ans wer 42. E. Look here for the ans wer 44. C. C. The metabolic effects of epinephrine are similar to those of: . PTH growth hormone ADH prolactin TSH. D. B. D. B. C. E. vitamin C E. Which of the following hormones can produce hyperglycemia? A. the anterior pituitary releases: A.D. D. E. osteoclast activity thyroid activity mammary gland activity pancreatic activity osteoblast activity. Calcitonin inhibits: A.

Look here for the ans wer 47. B. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is released in response to: A. B. E. glucose insulin aldosterone calcitonin glucagon. D. pancreas Iiver adrenal medulla placenta none of the preceding. D. Look here for the ans wer . E. C. Vitamin D is converted into a hormone that participates in the regulation of: A. Glucocorticoids are secreted from cells in the: A. E. D. low levels of plasma calcium low levels of plasma sodium high levels of plasma sodium high levels of plasma calcium none of the preceding. C. C. sodium balance calcium balance chloride balance water balance answers A and C. D. C.A. B. Look here for the ans wer 48. E. B. Look here for the ans wer 46.

The muscularis mucosae is composed of smooth muscle fibers 54. Look here for the ans wer TRUE OR FALSE: True = A.49. False = B 52. D. E. D. Look here for the ans wer 50. E. B. antiperitoneal retroperitoneal medioperitoneal mesoperitoneal paraperitoneal. goiter cretinism albinism myxydema all of the preceding. D. Hypothyroidism during prenatal development and the first two years after birth may result in A. The facial cranial nerve innervates the posterior one-third of the tongue . B. C. B. The optimal pH for pepsin is about 2. which tunic (or layer) would be cut first? A. If an incision had to be made in the small intestine to remove an obstruction. The kidneys and most of the pancreas are considered to be: A. C. C.0 53. Look here for the ans wer 51. mucosa submucosa muscularis serosa.

60. What type of epithelium forms the luminal lining of the following structures? (Note: Items A through E may be used more than once. 64. 61.55. keratinized squamous epithelium simple columnar epithelium stratified. nonkeratinized squamous epithelium pseudostratified. b. a. 62. Another term for canine teeth is bicuspid teeth 56. . 63. Look here for the ans wer MATCHING. Look here for the ans wer 59. The GI tract is innervated by the ANS 57. the efficiency of nutrient absorption would _____________. Another term for swallowing is deglutition. Each small intestinal microvillus contains a Iymphatic vessel called a lacteal 58. Esophagus Stomach Small intestine Nasal vestibule Nasal cavity Trachea Respiratory alveoli. c. 66. d. 65. The site of production of cholecystokinin and secretin is the: Stomach Pancreas Small Intestine Large Intestine Look here for the ans wer 67. ciliated columnar epithelium. If the tight junctions connecting intestinal epithelial cells were removed.) A) B) C) D) E) Simple squamous epithelium stratified.

c. b. a. The _______________________ anchors the liver to the lesser curvature of the stomach. The gallbladder: Produces bile Is attached to the pancreas Stores and concentrates bile Produces cholecystokinin Look here for the ans wer . d. c. Which of the following is not a function of the liver? Production of bile Detoxification of drugs Storage of glucose Storage of Vitamin C Look here for the ans wer 72. b. a.Look here for the ans wer 68. d. Look here for the ans wer 70. b. e. True or False Bile and blood flow in opposite directions in the classical liver lobule. c. Alkaline mucous glands are found in the submucosa of the: Ileum Jejunum Duodenum Cardiac region of the stomach a and b Look here for the ans wer 69. a. d. Look here for the ans wer 71.

Look at the following layers of the alimentary canal. d. d. large a. The small fat-filled appendages of visceral peritoneum that hang from the surface of the large intestine are known as _______________. Look here for the ans wer 75. High doses of antibiotics can destroy the bacterial flora of the intestine. c. e. d.73. 1. c. a. a. b. Which of the following sphincters is under voluntary control? Pyloric Cardiac Sphincter of Oddi Internal anal External anal Look here for the ans wer 77. c. The majority of the absorption of digested nutrients occurs in the: Stomach Ileum Jejunum Cecum Look here for the ans wer 76. This can result in impaired: Absorption of protein Blood coagulation Bone resorption Respiratory control Look here for the ans wer 78. b. Look here for the ans wer 74. Arrange them from closest to the lumen to farthest from the lumen. True or False: All digestive organs are intraperitoneal. b. Serosa .

Look here for the ans wer 83. the percentage of the cardiac output received by the digestive organs will ______________. The anterior 2/3 of the tongue is separated from the posterior 1/3 by the __________________. The internal lip is joined to the gum by the _____________. The 3 extrinsic salivary glands are the: Parotid. canal . a. submandibular. and buccal Parotid. sublingual. a. and sublingual Look here for the ans wer 84. b. b. buccal. c.2. Look here for the ans wer 82. and submaxillary Parotid. During exercise. Which structure thickens in certain regions of the alimentary in order to act as a sphincter? Circular layer of the muscularis mucosae Longituidnal layer of the muscularis mucosae Circular layer of the muscularis externa Longitudinal layer of the muscularis externa Look here for the ans wer 81. . submandibular. Which of the following is correct? . Submucosa Look here for the ans wer 79. Mucosa 3. Look here for the ans wer 80. Muscularis externa 4. and ethmoidal Parotid. c.

nonkeratinized simple squamous Look here for the ans wer 86.. . nonkeratinized stratified squamous b. The entire convex lateral surface of the stomach is the ____________. a. stratified columnar c. Look here for the ans wer 88. Look here for the ans wer 87. Simple columnar. a. At the junction between the esophagus and the stomach. the epithelial lining changes abruptly from __________________ to _________________. Nonkeratinized simple squamous. b. d. the stomach wall is unique because it contains: No lamina propria 1 extra layer in its muscularis mucosae 1 extra layer in its muscularis externa An adventitia in addition to a double-membraned serosa Look here for the ans wer 89. food is turned into a paste called _____________. Nonkeratinized stratified squamous. Stratified columnar. Adult incisors lack dentin Adult incisors lack enamel Adult premolars lack cementum Adult premolars lack enamel None of the above Look here for the ans wer 85. Histologically. The gastric gland cell whose absence could lead to pernicious anemia is the: . c. simple columnar a. . c. In the stomach. b.

c. a. Submucosa b. b.. c. b. Mucosa a. which is the hardest substance in the body A root covered in enamel A thin periodontal ligament which holds the tooth in place Pulp. Cecum . d. . Mechanical digestion occurs in the: . . Chief cell Goblet cell Mucous neck cell Parietal cell Enteroendocrine cell Look here for the ans wer 90. The layer of the digestive tube wall which contains blood vessels. an avascular connective tissue filling the hollow cavity of the tooth Look here for the ans wer 92. c. a. and a rich supply of elastic fibers is the: . Muscularis Externa c. d. Serosa Look here for the ans wer 91. Chemical digestion occurs in: Oral Cavity Esophagus Stomach Pharynx 2 of the above Look here for the ans wer 93. b. lymphatic nodules. Tooth structure includes: The dentin. a. Stomach a.

c. d. Look here for the ans wer 96. a. . b. Paneth cells: Are more common in the esophagus than in the jejunum Are essential for bile synthesis Secrete antibacterial enzymes Do not have nuclei None of the above Look here for the ans wer . Pharynx c. c. The entry of bile into the duodenum is controlled by the: Liver sinusoids Common pancreatic duct Pyloric sphincter Cardiac sphincter None of the above Look here for the ans wer 97.b. The sheets of peritoneal membrane that holds the digestive tract in place are called ___________________. b. . b. 2 of the above Look here for the ans wer 94. Esophagus d. a. Which of the following is NOT true of saliva? It cleanses the mouth It typically contains IgE antibodies It moistens food and aids in the compaction of the bolus It dissolves food chemicals Look here for the ans wer 95. c. d. a. .

True or False: The number of mucosal cells bearing microvilli increases as you proceed from the cecum to the sigmoid colon.98. Because of the baby's loss of gastric juice. Which of the following accomplishes this task? . The fusion of the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct forms the ______________. Plicae circulares a. Intestinal villi b. All of the above d. his blood probably indicates: . Microvilli c. True or False: The digestive function of the liver is to produce bile. Increasing the surface area of its mucosal lining enhances the absoprtive effectiveness of the small intestine. it is found that the pyloric sphincter is thickened and does not open readily. On examination. 2 of the above Look here for the ans wer 102. Leukocytosis b. Look here for the ans wer 101. Acidosis a. A baby is admitted into the hospital with a history of projectile vomiting after each feeding. Look here for the ans wer 100. An excessively low pH d. Alkalosis c. Excessive proteinuria Look here for the ans wer 99. Look here for the ans wer .

Which of the following is NOT true of the appendix? . Look here for the ans wer 109. a. c. Paneth cells d. It is associated with vitamin K production. histamine. and serotonin? . Mucous neck cells Look here for the ans wer 104. Zymogenic cells c. b. Look here for the ans wer 106.103. cholecystokinin. Part of the digestive tract whose cells have a brush border. It is the largest gland in the body. Look here for the ans wer 108. Enteroendocrine cells a. . Look here for the ans wer 107. Its muscular wall contracts in response to cholecystokinin. Look here for the ans wer 110. A major function of the large intestine is to: Secrete digestive enzymes Remove waste materials Regulate the release of bile Secrete water in order to regulate blood volume Look here for the ans wer 105. Which of the following gastric cell types synthesizes and releases gastin. It secretes an alkaline fluid in response to cholecystokinin. Parietal cells b.

Gastrin a. . a. a. d. Look here for the ans wer 113. Cancer chemotherapy will ___________ the rate of renewal of the intestinal lining. Bacteria have a tendency to accumulate within it. it must first pass through capillary networks in the ___________. Paneth cells are responsible for the production of which of the following? . Look here for the ans wer 115. c. b. Lysozyme c.. b. c. Before blood carrying the products of protein digestion reaches the heart. It typically contains lymphocytes It typically contains MALT It typically contains almost no capillaries Look here for the ans wer 111. What distinguishes the rectum from the colon? The lack of microvilli The lack of teniae coli The lack of villi All of the above 2 of the above Look here for the ans wer 112. Amylase . Secretin b. Look here for the ans wer 114. The sphincter between the stomach and the duodenum is the __________.

Which of the following is not produced by an enteroendocrine cell? Pepsin Cholecystokinin Gastrin Secretin 2 of the above Look here for the ans wer 117. c. a. a. b. d. a. . 2 of the above Look here for the ans wer 118.d. Which of the following cell types is NOT present in the stomach? Mucous neck cells Chief cells Parietal cells Epithelial cells Alpha cells . A stratified epithelium a. c. d. . Blood vessels b. b. Lipase Look here for the ans wer 116. . Bone c. Which of the following would not be seen in a section of the soft palate? . Muscle d. Which of the following does not produce digestive enzymes? Pancreas Small Intestine Salivary glands Stomach Liver Look here for the ans wer 119. c. b. d.

a. Portal vein d. b. Hepatic artery b. a. Central vein c. c. d. Bile flows from the center to the periphery of this lobule c. Portal space Look here for the ans wer 122. Intrinsic factor is produced by which of the following cells? Chief cells Paneth cells Enteroendocrine cells Parietal cells Mucous neck cells . All of the above d. . Which of the following statements concerning the classical liver lobule is true? . d. Portal triads are at the center of the lobule a. . Blood flows from the center to the periphery of this lobule b. Which of the following is the central component of the classical liver lobule? .Look here for the ans wer 120. 2 of the above Look here for the ans wer 123. c. Bile canaliculus a. Which of the following is NOT produced by the exocrine pancreas? Amylase Carboxypeptidase Trypsinogen Pepsinogen Chymotrypsinogen Look here for the ans wer 121. b.

Serotonin c. . a. a. Secretin a. Which of the following is true of the liver? Hepatocytes synthesize many of the blood proteins such as albumin and antibodies Hepatocytes synthesize 80% of the bile in the body with the other 20% coming from the pancreas The liver receives more nutrient-rich blood than oxygen-rich blood The liver is the 2nd largest gland in the body . Which of the following is not a component of gastric juice? Hydrochloric acid Mucus Pepsin Amylase Water Look here for the ans wer 127. Gastrin d. Nuclease d. b. c.Look here for the ans wer 124. Which of the following induces contraction of gallbladder smooth muscle? . Carboxypeptidase b. Trypsin c. Somatostatin Look here for the ans wer 126. . c. Lysozyme Look here for the ans wer 125. Which of the following is a major product of serous salivary gland secretion? . Pepsinogen a. d. b. Cholecystokinin b.

Gallbladder c. Cholecystokinin and secretin b. Which of the following cell types would not be found in lamina propria of a villus? . Somatostatin and gastrin c. a. Liver d. Lymphocyte c. Endothelial cell a. Which of the following pairs of hormones are mainly involved in controlling pancreatic exocrine secretions? . Pancreas Look here for the ans wer 131.Look here for the ans wer 128. b. Which of the following organs does not have both endocrine and exocrine function? . . Plasma cell d. Insulin and glucagon a. Goblet cell . Small Intestine b. Glucagon and somatostatin Look here for the ans wer 130. Stomach a. Pepsinogen is synthesized and released by which of the following? Parietal cells Enteroendrocrine cells Paneth cells Chief cells Pancreatic acinar cells Look here for the ans wer 129. c. Motilin and serotonin d. d. Smooth muscle cell b.

Which of the following is true? There are 27 primary teeth. ice cream. a. . which of the following glands would secrete the most enzymes that would be involved in digesting all this food? . d. If you eat a meal of french fries. b. a. a. Endocrine pancreas c. b. none of which are molars There are 24 primary teeth and no new primary teeth appear after 13 months There are 20 primary teeth and most children have all of them by 24 months of age There are 32 primary teeth Look here for the ans wer 134. c. Liver a.Look here for the ans wer 132. . and whole milk. Exocrine pancreas b. The function of the hepatic portal circulation is to: Carry toxins to the venous system for disposal thru the urinary tract Collect absorbed nutrients for metabolic processing or storage Hormone distribution Transfer bile to the liver from the pancreas Look here for the ans wer 133. c. Ileum . Peristaltic waves are: Segmental regions of the GI tract Churning movements of the GI tract Pendular movements of the GI tract Waves of muscular contractions that propel contents from one point to another Circular contractions of the GI tract muscularis mucosae Look here for the ans wer 135. buttered toast. . c. b.

Anabolism d. . Blood leaving the liver contains fewer amino acids c. Which of the following is true of the small intestine? Site of carbohydrate and protein but NOT fat digestion Site of the majority of water absorption in the GI tract First site of protein hydrolysis All of the above None of the above Look here for the ans wer 137. Chemical digestion reduces large molecules to simpler compounds by the process of: . you find that: . If you compared the blood entering the liver and the blood leaving the liver. Blood leaving the liver contains more toxins and less carbon dioxide Look here for the ans wer 138. d.d. . Dehydration synthesis b. a. a. Mastication a. c. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of the colon? Lacks villi Contains teniae coli Longer than the small intestine Contains a submucosa Contains fat filled appendages of unknown function . Catabolism Look here for the ans wer 139. Blood leaving the liver has more glucose a. Blood leaving the liver contains more oxygen b. d. Metabolism c. b. b. Buccal Glands Look here for the ans wer 136. c.

d. c. maltase. . .starch Chymotrypsin . small intesine. Amylase . and enterokinase Amylase.fat Nuclease .Look here for the ans wer 140. . d. Carbohydrates are acted on by: Trypsin. Sodium ion absorption is coupled to glucose and amino acid uptake . b. a. liver Mouth. protein molecule will be hydrolyzed by enzymes secreted from the: Mouth. b. colon Look here for the ans wer 142. . a. pancreas. chymotrypsin.disaccharides 2 of the above are correct Look here for the ans wer 144. b. liver Stomach. small intestine. and amylase Look here for the ans wer 143. small intestine Stomach. stomach. c. Select the correct enzyme-substrate combination. c. pepsin. pancreas. c. and sucrase Lipase Hexokinase. Digestive processes in the large intestine include: Mass peristalsis Absorption of some vitamins and electrolytes Elimination of cellulose-based material All of the above 2 of the above Look here for the ans wer 141.nuclei Lipase . a. b. Which of the following is true of electrolyte absorption? . a.

Rennin Look here for the ans wer 147. That enzyme is: . Look here for the ans wer 146. Chief cells in children secrete an enzyme that curdles milk. Pepsin c. All of the above Look here for the ans wer 145. Chymotrypsin a. Stomach b. Lactin d. The bonelike material that underlies the enamel cap and forms the bulk of the tooth is the _____________________.a. Each of the following statements about Brunner's glands is correct EXCEPT: . Pancreas d. Look here for the ans wer 148. Liver c. They are a characteristic component of the duodenal wall . Vitamin D is necessary for calcium absorption c. Potassium can diffuse through the intestinal epithelium b. Contributors of enzymes to the digestive tract lumen include all of the following EXCEPT: . Parotid glands a. The chief bile pigment is _________________. Small Intestine Look here for the ans wer 149. Pepsinogen b.

Within the connective tissue of a portal triad. c. d. a. . They produce a serous secretion rich in digestive enzymes b. d. Liver . b. .a. c. They empty their secretions into the crypts of Lieberkuhn Look here for the ans wer 150. e. a. The wall of the stomach: Is covered on its outer surface by simple squamous epithelium Is thrown into temporary folds called rugae when the stomach is empty Is covered on its inner surface by a simple columnar epithelium Has 3 layers of smooth muscle in its muscularis externa All of the above Look here for the ans wer 151. one might find a: Branch of the hepatic artery Bile duct Branch of the hepatic portal vein Lymphatic vessel All of the above Look here for the ans wer 153. They lie in the submucosal layer c. Saliva contains: Amylase Mucus Immunoglobulins Lysozyme All of the above Only a and b Look here for the ans wer 152. Pancreas a. Both exocrine and endocrine functions are performed by the: . b. b. . a. d. c.

g. 154. e. Gastric glands d. more than once. Each may be used once. Drain(s) into hepatic sinusoids Look here for the ans wer 158. Contribute(s) majority of liver blood volume Look here for the ans wer .b. Contain(s) blood richest in the breakdown products of red blood cell destruction Look here for the ans wer 157. Crypts of Lieberkuhn c. Contain(s) blood richest in oxygen Look here for the ans wer 156. or not at all. f. All of the above Look here for the ans wer FOR THE NEXT 6 QUESTIONS. Hepatic portal vein Hepatic artery Both a and b Neither a nor b Contain(s) blood richest in nutrients Look here for the ans wer 155. Receive(s) blood from the central veins Look here for the ans wer 159. use the following 4 choices. h.

parietal cell secretion will _________________. gastric motility will __________________. What type of contraction propels food thru the esophagus? Look here for the ans wer 168. As plasma [CCK] decreases.160. stomach [pepsinogen] will ___________. Look here for the ans wer 161. bile secretion ________________. Look here for the ans wer 163. Look here for the ans wer 164. Look here for the ans wer 165. stomach acid secretion will ____________. intestinal motility and secretion will __________________. Look here for the ans wer 166. What brain center controls deglutition? Look here for the ans wer 167. As plasma [gastrin] decreases. As plasma [somatostatin] increases. As a sympathetic antagonist is injected iv. As plasma [secretin] increases. Look here for the ans wer 162. As plasma [CCK] increases. How does atrophy of the gastric mucosa cause pernicious anemia? .

c. c. . c. How would removal of the terminal ileum cause pernicious anemia? Look here for the ans wer 170. In which test tube would protein digestion occur at the highest Tube Tube Tube Tube Tube containing containing containing containing containing pepsinogen and salivary amylase pepsinogen HCl HCl and intestinal amylase HCl and pepsinogen Look here for the ans wer 173) Which gastrointestinal layer is characterized by having tough. Most of the water you drink is absorbed in the: Colon Jejunum Stomach Kidney Look here for the ans wer 171. What organ produces the enzyme trypsin? Gallbladder Liver Pancreas Spleen Look here for the ans wer 172. a. rate? . a. a. fibrous connective tissue? A)mucosa B)submucosa C)muscle D)serosa . . b. d. b. b.Look here for the ans wer 169.

Look here for the ans wer 174) Which intestinal layer accounts for the action of the peristaltic waves? A)serosa B)muscularis C)submucosa D)mucous Look here for the ans wer 175) The alimentary tube is around _____ meters long. A)somatic B)sympathetic C)central D)parasympathetic Look here for the ans wer 177) The processes of chewing are referred to as _____. A)2 B)4 C)6 D)9 Look here for the ans wer 176) The _____ nervous system division usually stimulates and promotes digestion. A)tongue B)stomach C)lips D)liver . A)churning B)mastication C)peristalsis D)deglutition Look here for the ans wer 178) The frenulum is the membrane attached to the inferior surface of the _____.

Look here for the ans wer 179) The following are true of the tongue except which one? A)contains skeletal muscle B)attaches to hyoid bone C)attaches to temporal bone D)contains papillae Look here for the ans wer 180) The following areas contain tonsils except which one? A)around the frenulum B)oropharynx C)nasopharynx D)root of tongue Look here for the ans wer 181) Which lymphatic areas are most commonly the site of inflammation? A)Peyer's patches B)palatine tonsils C)lingual tonsils D)adenoids Look here for the ans wer 182) How many teeth will be produced in an average lifetime? A)20 B)32 C)30 D)52 Look here for the ans wer 183) The term wisdom tooth refers to the _____ tooth. A)incisor B)third molar C)second bicuspid D)first cuspid Look here for the ans wer .

A)dentin B)crown C)root D)cementum Look here for the ans wer 185) Which part of a tooth most closely resembles bone tissue? A)enamel B)cementum C)dentin D)Gingiva Look here for the ans wer 186) Which muscles constrict to prevent air from entering the esophagus during breathing? A)superior constrictor B)middle constrictor C)inferior constrictor D)esophageal Look here for the ans wer 187) A hiatal hernia is a weakness in the _____ muscle.184) The portion of a tooth which lies within the mandible socket is called the _____. A)diaphragm B)stomach C)intestinal D)thoracic wall Look here for the ans wer 188) The _____ part of the stomach is the area that is connected to the esophagus. A)cardiac B)pyloric C)Fundus D)body . which allows a portion of the digestive tract to enter the thoracic cavity.

Look here for the ans wer 189) The _____ prevents food from entering the small intestine. A)pepsinogen B)pepsin C)hydrochloric acid D)lipase Look here for the ans wer 192) Parasympathetic stomach impulses cause all of the following except which one? A)secretion of somatostatin B)inhibition of somatostatin C)secretion of gastrin D)promotes histamine Look here for the ans wer 193) Gastrin secretion will stop when the stomach pH reaches _____.0 B)4.5 C)1.0 Look here for the ans wer . A)cardiac sphincter B)pyloric valve C)ileo-colic valve D)sphincter of Oddi Look here for the ans wer 190) Gastric enzymes are secreted by the _____ cells. A)chief B)goblet C)parietal D)oxyntic Look here for the ans wer 191) Proteins are digested or broken down by the _____ in the stomach.5 D)3. A)7.

194) The alkaline tide occurs when _____ is/are secreted into the blood. A)bile B)bacterial C)carboxypeptidase D)trypsin Look here for the ans wer 199) Which of the following are not active in the duodenum? . A)HCl B)H+ C)bicarbonate ions D)phosphate ions Look here for the ans wer 195) What is the stimulus for cholecystokinin release? A)chyme B)lipids C)protein D)gastrin Look here for the ans wer 196) What blocks pancreatic secretions from entering the duodenum? A)pyloric valve B)sphincter of Oddi C)the common bile duct D)cholecystokinin secretion Look here for the ans wer 197) Which of the following triggers the formation of the others? A)trypsin B)enterokinase C)carboxypeptidase D)chymotrypsin Look here for the ans wer 198) Pancreatitis is mainly the result of _____ activity.

. A)cholecystokinin B)secretin C)enterogastrone D)enterocrinin Look here for the ans wer 203) Which organ has the most metabolically active cells? A)pancreas B)liver C)stomach D)small intestine Look here for the ans wer 204) Urea is synthesized by the liver following _____ metabolism. A)proteolytic enzymes B)amylase C)lipase D)bicarbonate Look here for the ans wer 201) Which of these is a hormone name? A)trypsin B)ribonuclease C)cholecystokinin D)chymotrypsinogen Look here for the ans wer 202) The hormone that causes the pancreas to secrete an enzyme rich fluid is _____.A)nuclease B)enterokinase C)pepsin D)amylase Look here for the ans wer 200) Secretin from the duodenum causes the pancreas to produce secretions rich in _____.

A)glycogen B)lipids C)vitamin B12 D)iron Look here for the ans wer 206) Which of the following vitamins is not stored in the liver? A)C B)D C)B12 D)A Look here for the ans wer 207) The liver stores ______ for energy. A)sinusoids .A)carbohydrate B)protein C)lipid D)nucleic acid Look here for the ans wer 205) Ferritin is a globular protein that transports and stores ______ in the liver and blood. A)nucleic acids B)glycogen C)glucose D)vitamins Look here for the ans wer 208) Which of the following is not a function of the adult liver? A)glycogen storage B)detoxification C)synthesis of clotting proteins D)erythropoiesis Look here for the ans wer 210) The liver contains special blood channels termed _____.

B)central vein C)hepatic cells D)portal veins Look here for the ans wer 211) The falciform ligament separates the right from _____ lobe. A)gallbladder B)pancreas C)intestine D)liver Look here for the ans wer 214) The buildup of bile pigment in tissues that can be caused by gallstones is _____. A)hyperbilirubinemia B)obstructive jaundice C)hepatitis D)hepatocellular jaundice Look here for the ans wer 215) Which of the following are liver waste products? A)bilirubin B)bile salts . A)quadrate B)left C)caudate D)pancreatic Look here for the ans wer 212) Which organ produces and secretes bile? A)liver B)gallbladder C)pancreas D)duodenum Look here for the ans wer 213) The Kupffer cells are phagocytic cells found in the _____.

A)hepatic B)pancreatic C)cystic D)common hepatic Look here for the ans wer 219) Gallbladder stones are medically referred to as a _____ condition.C)cholesterol D)electrolytes Look here for the ans wer 216) The _____ duct directly receives the fluids from the gallbladder. A)cholecystitis B)cholecystectomy C)cholelithiasis D)cholesterol calculi Look here for the ans wer 220) Bile facilitates digestion by causing the _____ of fats. A)cystic B)common bile C)hepatic D)common hepatic Look here for the ans wer 217) The common bile duct is formed by the merger of the hepatic and _____ ducts. A)hydrolysis B)digestion . A)common hepatic B)cystic C)pancreatic D)Santorini Look here for the ans wer 218) The ampulla of Vater is the area that joins the common bile duct to the _____ duct.

C)catalysis D)emulsification Look here for the ans wer 221) Bile salts combine with fatty acids to form complexes called _____ that facilitate absorption. A)chylomicrons B)micelles C)globules D)lipoproteins Look here for the ans wer 222) Which of these is a water soluble vitamin? A)D B)C C)E D)K Look here for the ans wer 223) Which of the following acts to inhibit acid production? A)secretin B)somatostatin C)cholecystokinin D)gastrin Look here for the ans wer 224) Which area has the greatest amount of enzyme activity? A)duodenum B)colon C)jejunum D)ileum Look here for the ans wer 225) The shortest section of the intestines is the _____. A)colon B)duodenum C)ileum .

A)microvilli B)villi C)lacteals D)lumens Look here for the ans wer 228) The _____ are vessels that project into the villi and absorb fatty substances. A)lacteals B)lymphatics C)veins D)arteries Look here for the ans wer 229) The following belong together except which one? A)small intestine B)large intestine C)plicae circulares D)crypts of Lieberkuhn Look here for the ans wer 230) Which of these does not belong with the others? A)lipase B)sucrase C)maltase .D)jejunum Look here for the ans wer 226) The membrane that hangs like an apron over the intestines is the _____. A)mesentery B)visceral peritoneum C)parietal peritoneum D)greater omentum Look here for the ans wer 227) The finger-like extensions inside the small intestine are called _____ and increase the surface area.

D)lactase Look here for the ans wer 231) Which is the only area that can digest a double sugar? A)jejunum B)stomach C)duodenum D)pancreas Look here for the ans wer 232) Amylase could be found in all of these areas except which one? A)mouth B)stomach C)duodenum D)pancreas Look here for the ans wer 233) Most of the absorption of nutrients occurs in the _____. A)micelles B)chylomicrons C)lacteals D)lipoproteins Look here for the ans wer 235) Which of the following is not readily absorbed in the small intestine? A)Na+ B)ClC)K+ D)Mg2+ . A)colon B)duodenum C)jejunum D)ileum Look here for the ans wer 234) Fatty acids and glycerol are released when _____ are broken down by liver or muscle cells.

A)constipation B)diarrhea C)cramps D)flatus Look here for the ans wer 238) The _____________ layer of the alimentary canal contains loose connective tissue. glands. A)large intestine B)small intestine C)stomach D)duodenum Look here for the ans wer 237) A peristaltic rush which results in a failure to absorb enough colon water results in _____. blood and lymphatic vessels. A)sympathetic B)parasympathetic C)somatic D)autonomic Look here for the ans wer 240) The purpose of the soft palate is to __________________. and nerves.Look here for the ans wer 236) The ileocecal valve prevents chyme from entering the _____. A)mucosa B)submucosa C)muscular layer D)serosa Look here for the ans wer 239) Activities of the digestive system are generally increased by _________________ nervous stimulation. A)house extra taste buds B)sense temperature of food before it is swallowed C)produce saliva and enzymatic secretions .

D)close off the nasal cavity during swallowing Look here for the ans wer 241) Compared to the others listed below. moves food toward the pharynx for swallowing. which type of tooth is more likely to be involved in grinding food? A)incisor B)cuspid C)premolar D)molar Look here for the ans wer 242) What mouth part helps to mix food with saliva. and houses taste receptor cells? A)lips B)palate C)tongue D)cheeks Look here for the ans wer 243) Which salivary glands produce the most viscous saliva with lots of mucus? A)sublingual glands B)submandibular glands C)parotid glands D)serous cells Look here for the ans wer 244) What initiates the swallowing reflex? A)fear of choking on food B)the tongue rolling the bolus to the pharynx C)sensory receptors detecting the bolus in the pharynx D)secretion of saliva at the thought of food Look here for the ans wer 245) The main part of the stomach is the _______________ of the stomach. A)cardiac region B)fundic region C)body .

A)carboxypeptidase B)pancreatic lipase C)trypsinogen D)pancreatic amylase Look here for the ans wer 249) What hormone does the small intestine release in response to acidic chyme? A)cholecystokinin B)secretin C)digestin D)gastrin Look here for the ans wer 250) What is the primary purpose of the liver in aiding digestion? A)produces digestive enzymes B)produces alkaline solution to neutralize stomach acidity .D)pyloric region Look here for the ans wer 246) Intrinsic factor is secreted by which cells of the gastric glands? A)mucous cells B)chief cells C)peptic cells D)parietal cells Look here for the ans wer 247) During which stage of gastric secretion do gastric glands actually begin secreting gastric juice? A)cephalic phase B)gastric phase C)intestinal phase D)enterogastric reflex Look here for the ans wer 248) The pancreas secretes enzymes that enter the small intestine and chemically digest chyme. Choose the enzyme(s) that break(s) down fats.

are reconstructed in the cells. C)Components of lipids diffuse through small intestinal cell membranes. B)Fatty acids are transported by active transport to the bloodstream. Look here for the ans wer 252) What is the primary function of the large intestine? A)to complete the absorption of most nutrients B)to house gas-producing bacteria C)to rid the body of toxins D)to compact. store. then carried off by lacteals as chylomicrons.C)produces bile to emulsify fats in the small intestine D)produces substances that aid the large intestine in water absorption c 251) How are the components of fats absorbed in the small intestine? A)Specific receptor proteins carry fatty acids across the intestinal wall and into the bloodstream. D)Components of lipids diffuse through small intestinal cell membranes and into the bloodstream where they are carried to the liver for processing. and eliminate feces Look here for the ans wer 253) Where does the greatest amount of digestion occur? A)small intestine B)stomach C)large intestine D)liver Look here for the ans wer 254) Which term does not belong with the others? A)teeth B)mastication C)esophagus D)tongue Look here for the ans wer 255) Which gland is closest to the joint between the mandible and temporal .

A)dentin B)crown C)root D)pulp Look here for the ans wer 257) The enzyme salivary amylase begins to digest which molecules? A)proteins B)carbohydrates C)lipids D)nucleic acids Look here for the ans wer 258) Where are the palatine tonsils located? A)larynx B)pharynx C)trachea D)esophagus Look here for the ans wer 259) The surface area of the stomach is enhanced by the presence of folds called _____.bone? A)sublingual B)pancreas C)submaxillary D)parotid Look here for the ans wer 256) The portion of a tooth below the gums is the _____. A)rugae B)villi C)microvilli D)plicae Look here for the ans wer 260) Where would the least amount of bacteria be found? .

A)small intestine B)colon C)stomach D)pharynx Look here for the ans wer 261) What normally holds the intestines in position within the abdominal cavity? A)mesentery B)gravity C)adipose D)stomach muscles Look here for the ans wer 262) The pancreatic duct connects to what part of the digestive tube? A)jejunum B)liver C)ileum D)duodenum Look here for the ans wer 263) Which of these does not directly promote the hydrolysis of food? A)villi B)microvilli C)submucosa D)mucosa Look here for the ans wer 264) The outer layer of the intestines is the ____ A)mucosa B)serosa C)submucosa D)muscularis Look here for the ans wer 265) Where are the lacteals located? A)liver .

A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 270) The external anal sphincter is under voluntary control.B)pancreas C)small intestine D)large intestine Look here for the ans wer 266) The appendix is attached to which of the following structures? A)transverse colon B)descending colon C)ascending colon D)cecum Look here for the ans wer 267) Which of these vitamins is formed by bacteria in the colon? A)C B)D C)B6 D)K Look here for the ans wer 268) The area called the vermiform appendix apparently serves no digestive function in humans. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 271) The Valsalva maneuver or defecation reflex. can aid defecation but could . A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 269) The descending colon usually lies on the left abdominal wall area.

A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 274) Stensen's duct conveys saliva from the submandibular gland into the oral cavity. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 272) The visceral peritoneum is a fibrous membrane. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 277) Emetics cause the vomiting center in the hypothalamus to propel food by contracting stomach muscles. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 273) The mucous cells of the salivary glands secrete amylase which facilitates digestion of starches. the soft palate is moved upward and the epiglottis is tilted downward. A)True .potentiate a heart attack. which wraps around the outer layer of the intestines. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 275) During swallowing. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 276) Gastric intrinsic factor is essential for the absorption of vitamin B12.

A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 279) Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease that affects digestion as well as respiration. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 282) Hepatitis can be caused by viruses such as hepatitis A which can be transmitted by contaminated food. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 280) The portal veins drain blood from the liver and convey it to the inferior vena cava.B)False Look here for the ans wer 278) The enterogastric reflex normally inhibits the further contraction of the stomach as the duodenum fills. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 281) The liver has the ability to convert carbohydrates into amino acids. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 283) Hepatitis is an infection of the liver most commonly caused by hepatitis A viruses. A)True B)False .

A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 285) Without a gallbladder. carbohydrate or fats. the person develops problems because of the rapid digestion of lactose. a person will develop vitamin and lipid deficiencies because of the lack of bile.Look here for the ans wer 284) Hemolytic jaundice is a disease involving an excess production of erythrocytes. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 288) The digestive system functions to provide cells with proper amounts of proteins. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 289) The so-called wisdom teeth are actually the four last molars. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 287) Chylomicrons are lipoprotein aggregates that are absorbed into the intestinal villi. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer . A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer 286) In the condition of lactose intolerance.

290) The pyloric sphincter acts to prevent food from leaving the small intestine. A)True B)False Look here for the ans wer .

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