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ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL FRAMEWORK QUALIFICATIONS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: EXPERIENCE AND PROSPECTS:

Work group: Yuliya N. Gorbunova, Anna V. Bykova, Olga Yu. Kalmykova, Elena V. Miuller

Project supervisor Doctor of Economics, Professor Galina P. Gagarinskaya


Coordinator Irina G. Kuznetcova

Main stakeholders interested and experienced in the development of the National Qualifications Framework in Russia
MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND TRADE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF RUSSIA FEDERAL INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION

RUSSIAN UNION OF INDUSTRIALISTS AND ENTREPRENEURS - RSPP NATIONAL AGENCY OF QUALIFICATIONS WITIN RSPP STRATEGIC INITIATIVES AGENCY EMPLOYERS' ASSOCIATIONS, TRADE UNIONS, BUSINESSES CENTRE FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ISSUES TEMPUS RUSSIAN OFFICE (E.G. TEMPUS C-QUO 2008 "DEVELOPMENT OF QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK FOR HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE URALS REGION")

Framework RUSSIA: National Qualifications 080200 Monitoring Instruments

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

An agreement on cooperation between the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation and the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs of June 25, 2007. The concept of long-term socio-economic development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020, approved by the Federal Government on November 17, 2008 1662-r. General agreement between the trade unions, national associations of employers and the Government of the Russian Federation for years 2008 - 2010 The list of orders of the President of the Russian Federation on the basis of the joint meeting of the State Council and the Commission for Modernisation and Technological Development, August 31, 2010. General agreement between the national trade union associations, national associations of employers and the Government of the Russian Federation in 2011 - 2013 years (signed December 29, 2010, protocol N 11 meeting of the Russian tripartite commission for regulation of social and labor relations. Recommendations of the "round table" on "Vocational Education of Youth: status, problems and prospects", April 4, 2011. The list of orders of the President of the Russian Federation following the meeting of the Commission for Modernisation and Technological Development of Russian Economy October 6, 2011 Pr-3011. A list of instructions, data, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin during a meeting on "The training of skilled workers in demand in the economy," December 23, 2011 in Saint Petersburg. A list of instructions of the Prime Minister on December 31, 2011 VP-P8-9372/ The draft decree of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of Russia, dated 16 February 2012 "On approval of recommendations for the development of sectorial qualifications frameworks. Presidential Decree of May 7, 2012 "On Measures for the implementation of state social policy. Federal Law of 29 December 2012 N 273-FZ "On Education in the Russian Federation"

National Qualifications Framework (NQF), the Russian Federation: 080200 ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS

National Qualifications Framework of Russia - a potential instrument for coordinating employment and education sectors
Goal

The generalized description of qualification levels and the main ways of achieving them.

Objectives

1. Planning of various educational paths leading to, specific skills, improve skill level, career; 2. Creation of sectorial qualification systems; 3. Ensuring comparability interdisciplinary of qualification levels in order to create a unified regulated system of qualifications; 4. The international comparability of qualifications, certificates of education in order to ensure comparability and mobility of citizens of different states; 5. Description of a unified position skill requirements of employees and alumni in the development of professional and educational standards, professional education programs, procedures, evaluation of education, assessment and certification of qualifications, establishing a system of certificates.

Principles for the development of the national Qualifications Framework (NQF) in Russia

continuity of development qualification levels from lowest to highest; transparent description of qualification levels for all users; corresponding hierarchy of qualification levels, division of labor and the National Education System of the Russian Federation; accounting of international experience in the development of the structure and content of the NQF

NQF Russia: developed stages status

The National Qualifications Framework Code (NSC) National Qualifications Framework in Russian Federation
sectoral framework qualifications The national system of vocational standards educational standards

evaluation of
education and certification

Single mechanism of accumulation and recognition of qualifications at national and international levels

GUIDELINES, NOT PLACED IN THE LEGAL FIELD

Table of descriptors of NQF in Russia


Levels Power, authority and responsibility (shared competence) Individual liability The complexity of the activities (nature of the skills) Implementation of the standard practical tasks in a certain situation Standard solution of practical problems. Selecting the mode of action of the known instructions. Adjusting actions subject to the conditions of their implementation
Standard solution of practical problems. The choice of modes of action on the basis of the known knowledge and practical experience. Adjusting actions regarding conditions for their implementation. The use of practice-oriented professional knowledge, building on experience. Getting information in training.

Research intensity (nature of knowledge)

1
2

Use of a simple factual knowledge based on everyday experience. Getting information in short-term training (coaching) at work or short-term courses The use of factual knowledge based on practical experience. Getting information in training.

Activity under the direction the manifestation of independence only in solving well-known problems. Individual liability.

Activity under the direction the manifestation of independence only in solving well-known problems, or similar. Planning their own activities, based on the objectives set by the head. Individual liability

Standard solution of practical problems. The choice of modes of action on the basis of the known knowledge and practical experience. Adjusting actions subject to the conditions of their performance practice-oriented application of professional knowledge, building on experience. Getting information in training.

Table of descriptors of NQF in Russia


Levels Power, authority and responsibility (shared competence) Activity under the guidance, combined with independence in choosing the ways of implementation of the known. Planning their own activities and / or other activities, according to objectives. Mentoring. Responsibility for problem solving The complexity of the activities (nature of the skills) Activities involving the solution of various types of practical problems that require an independent analysis of the work situation and predictable changes. Choice of how to implement the activities of the known. The current and final control, evaluation and correction action. Research intensity (nature of knowledge) Application of professional knowledge and information that they receive in the course of professional education and practical work experience

Independent activity. Assignment of tasks within the department. Participation in the management performance of tasks within the department. Responsibility for the result of work at the unit level.

Activities involving practical tasks based on the selection in various ways to address the conditions of the work situation. The current and final control, evaluation and correction action.

Application of professional knowledge acquired in the course of professional education and practical work experience. Independent search for information needed for solving the problems of professional tasks.

Table of descriptors of NQF in Russia


Levels

Power, authority and responsibility (shared competence) Independent professional activity, which implies setting goals own work and / or subordinates. Networking for employees and related departments. Responsibility for the result of work at the unit or organization.

The complexity of the activities (nature of the skills) Activities aimed at solving problems of technological and methodological problems involving the choice and variety of cures. The development, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and correction components of professional activity.

Research intensity (nature of knowledge) The synthesis of professional knowledge and experience (including innovation). Independent search, analysis and evaluation of professional information

Definition of strategy, management processes and activities (including innovation), with the decision on the level of large institutional structures and their subdivisions.

Activities, anticipated development objectives, development of new approaches, using a variety of methods (including innovation).

The synthesis of professional knowledge and expertise. Creation of new knowledge applied research in a particular area and / or at the intersection areas. Identification of sources and find the information needed for the development of activities.

Table of descriptors of NQF in Russia


Levels Power, authority and responsibility (shared competence) Definition of strategy, management processes and activities (including innovation), decision-making and responsibility at the level of major institutional structures. The complexity of the activities (nature of the skills) Activities involving problem-solving research and design character, to ensure more effective control processes Research intensity of the (nature of knowledge) Creation of new knowledge and the synthesis of interdisciplinary character. Evaluation and selection of information necessary for the development of activities

Definition of strategy, management of complex social, industrial, scientific processes. Responsibility for the results across the industry, the country at the international level.

Activities involving problem solving methodological, research and design the character associated with the development and efficiency of complex social, industrial and research processes.

Creation and synthesis of new fundamental knowledge of interdisciplinary and crosscutting. Evaluation and selection of information necessary for the development of activities. Content management of information flows.

Table of descriptors of NQF in Russia

Qualificat ion levels

Achieving the appropriate level of qualification

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Practical experience and / or short-term training (coaching) in the workplace and / or short courses in the presence of general education is not lower than the initial public Practical experience and / or training (short courses on the basis of the educational institution or corporate training) in the presence of general education at least a basic secondary Practical experience and / or training (courses at educational institutions for training programs to 1 year or corporate training) in the presence of general education is not lower than the average (full) or initial vocational training without secondary (complete) general education based on basic secondary education. Initial vocational education or to obtain post-secondary complete general education and practical experience or training (courses at educational institutions for training programs to 1 year and additional professional education program), practical experience.

Secondary vocational education to produce or post-secondary (complete) general education or vocational education, practical experience As a rule, bachelor. In some cases it is possible vocational education to produce or post-secondary (complete) general education, practical experience. Master degree (based on the development of an undergraduate degree), experience. Speciality (based on the amount of new (complete) general education), practical experience. Undergraduate and continuing professional education (MBA, etc.), experience. Post-graduate education (programs leading to a degree PhD and / or practical experience). Postgraduate or professional, additional professional education (MBA, etc.), experience. Post-graduate education (including a Ph.D. and experience or a PhD and experience) and / or continuing (life long) professional education or practical experience and socio-professional recognition at the sectoral, cross-sectoral, international level.

THE PROCESS OF IMPLEMENTING OF NQF IN RUSSIA: RESULTS AND CHANGES REQUIRED

The current situation The labor market - the recognition of diplomas

Changes required The labor market - the recognition of qualifications

What changes have been Implemented + Draft order Ministry of Russia on February 16, "On Approval of recommendations for the development of sectoral qualifications frameworks" Federal Law of 29 December 2012 N 273-FZ "On Education in the Russian Federation Federal State Educational Standard of 3rd generations

Descriptions of programs, based on the input data Inflexible transition from school to work, and vice versa national levels of education low participation of employers

Descriptors of programs based on the results More ways to transition from school to work, and vice versa national levels of Qualification Active participation of employers in the design and implementation of vocational education and training Official recognition of the status of non-formal education Formation of an effective system of continuous training that enable expansion of qualifications horizontally Effective quality assurance system

- Fixed trajectory defined by educational programs


- The levels of qualification are determined diplomas in educational institutions + The development of cooperation between the RSPP and Ministry of Education and Science and at the school level + Project Agency for Strategic Initiatives on National Systems Competence Qualifications + There is a system of additional vocational training is not based on the requirements of professional standards

informal learning not recognized The lack of lifelong professional training.

Ineffective quality assurance at institutional level Lack of a common understanding of the levels of qualifications

- The lack of clear criteria for evaluating the developed competences and a system of independent evaluation, recognition and certification of qualifications

General understanding of the levels within firms, - Lack of a national qualifications framework sectors and regions + There are created a professional standards, industry qualifications framework

The emphasis on institutional learning-based education

The development of in-house training at work

- Practical training built on knowledge and skills, rather than the development of new skills

PERSPECTIVES OF NATIONAL FRAMEWORK QUALIFICATIONS IN RUSSIA UNDER OFFICIAL RECOGNITION

BASIS OF DEVELOPMENT: Sectoral Qualifications Frameworks Professional standards Federal State Educational Standards National system of evaluation of education and certification Single mechanism of accumulation and recognition of qualifications at national and international levels Is "Foundation" of building of national qualifications systems in Russia.

REFERENCES 1. ., ., ., . , . , 2012 [http://www.asi.ru/]; 2. .., .., .., .., .., .., .. . .: , , , , 2010; 3. .., .. . . - .: , 2011 - 72 .; 4. .., .. : . . - .: , 2011 - 68 .; 5. . .. - .: . .. , 2009 - 88 .; 6. C-QUO 2008 . 7. .., .., . .: , 2006. 160 .; 8. .. . . , , 2009; 9. . poeccoae caap 1. -: , 2008. - 512. 10. . poeccoae caap 2. -: , 2009. - 288.

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!


This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. .