EJERCICIOS

DE
LENGUA INGLESA

Pedro Civera Coloma 2004

1

ÍNDICE
SPELLING.
PERSONAL INFORMATION
TO BE
TO HAVE.
TO DO
DIAS.
LAS HORAS
FECHAS Y NUMEROS
ADJETIVOS DE NACIONALIDAD
HOW MUCH.
RUTINAS.
PRONOMBRES PERSONALES
ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS
SOME, ANY, NO Y SUS COMPUESTOS
CONTABLES E INCONTABLES
EL GÉNERO
EL PLURAL
LA POSESIÓN
EL ARTÍCULO INDETERMINADO
EL ARTICULO DETERMINADO
BOTH, NEITHER, EITHER
ADJETIVOS. LA COMPARACIÓN
PREPOSICIONES
EL IMPERATIVO
EL PRESENTE SIMPLE
GOING TO.
EL PRESENTE CONTINUO
EL PASADO SIMPLE
EL PRESENTE PERFECTO
LOS VERBOS MODALES
CAN
MAY OR MIGHT
MAY
MAY HAVE, MIGHT, HAVE OR COULD HAVE.
OUGHT TO OR SHOULD.
OUGHT TO HAVE OR SHOULD HAVE
MUST
MUST HAVE
HAVE TO
HAVE GOT TO.
NEED
SHOULD
CONDICIONALES
2

COLETILLLAS
LA VOZ PASIVA
EL ESTILO INDIRECTO
EL GERUNDIO
TABLAS PARA HACER UN RESUMEN
TO BE
TO HAVE
TO DO
LOS PRONOMBRES Y ADJETIVOS
ADJETIVOS Y PRONOMBRES DEMOSTRATIVOS
HABER IMPERSONAL. THERE IS
LOS PRONOMBRES INDEFINIDOS SOME, ANY, NO y SUS COMPUESTOS
OTROS INDEFINIDOS
PRONOMBRES Y PARTICULAS INTERROGATIVAS
CONTABLES E INCONTABLES
MUCH, MANY, FEW, LITTLE, A LOT OF
EL GENERO
EL PLURAL DE LOS NOMBRES
GENITIVO SAJÓN
EL ARTÍCULO INDETERMINADO
EL ARTÍCULO DETERMINADO THE
BOTH, ALL, NONE, NEITHER, EITHER, EACH, EVERY, NO.
LOS ADJETIVOS.
LOS IRREGULARES
LAS PREPOSICIONES
ADVERBIOS
CLASIFICACIÓN
YET, STILL, ALREADY, DURING Y AGO
EL IMPERATIVO
EL PRESENTE SIMPLE
BE GOING TO
EL PRESENTE CONTINUO
CONSTRUCCIÓN DE LA FORMA –ING
EL PASADO SIMPLE
EL PASADO CONTINUO
EL PRESENTE PERFECTO
EL PRETÉRITO PERFECTO CONTINUO
EL PASADO PERFECTO
EL PASADO PERFECTO CONTINUO
EL FUTURO slmple
EL FUTURO CONTINUO
EL FUTURO PERFECTO
EL CONDICIONAL SIMPLE
EL CONDICIONAL PERFECTO
CUADRO RESUMEN DE LOS TIEMPOS VERBALES
TIPOS DE ORACIONES
3

ORACIONES DE RELATIVO LOS VERBOS MODALES TABLA RESUMEN DE LOS VERBOS MODALES MAKE Y DO EXCLAMACIONES ORACIONES CONDICIONALES LA VOZ PASIVA EL ESTILO INDIRECTO VERBOS IRREGULARES FALSOS AMIGOS REPASO DE LENGUA ESPAÑOLA 4 .

............................. How do you spell: 1...... Mobile phone…………………………………………………………………………...................SPELLING.. Nationality………………………………..... Weight………………………………….................... Occupation……………………………..... Your surname 3...... Is this your first English course?................... Languages……………………………… Home address……………………….. E-mail address………………………………. PERSONAL INFORMATION Completa con tus datos Surname………………………………............................ Height……………………………….......... Date of birth……………………………................................. Colour of eyes…………………………. Marital status…........................ 5 ................ First name………………………………….. Your name 2............. Supercalifragilisticoespialidoso. Telephone Number……………………........... Colour of hair…………………………… Age………………………………………..................... Where did you study English?.............................................

... 4................TO BE Contesta.............Spanish....... Are you married?...... We……………………………………….your new teacher.............................................. 1...... We………………………………………............... 2... Completa.....................in Alicante............... Are you Spanish?.............. Is Peter in class?........……Italian.. ……………………………………………she from Poland? 8.................... 5......................... ……………………………………………he your father? 10........... I………………………………………….................................. 5..... 6..... ……………………………………………you Russian? 7........... 1............ …………………………………………… you rich? 6 ......... Are you from Elda?..................... She………………………………………. 4... They………………………………........... 3..... Are you happy?...................... 2.............. 3........................a doctor............. ……………………………………………they Peter and Mary? 9.

..................................... ..................................................................... 3.............ESCRIBE LA FORMA NEGATIVA 1............................................................................ 5.................................... ................. My wife is a teacher.. ........................................... .............................................. They are American.............. Elda is big................................................... ........................... My daughters are at home........................................ 4.............. 7 .......................... ........................................ 5............ 3.......................................................................... 4.................... .................. It’s 10.............. She is a catholic........... Make questions..................................... 1..... 2....... ... .........................................................................................35........................................................ I am 41 years old........................................................ 2........................ I am from Elda................................. I am married............................................ English is easy................

............................ 8 ....................................................................................

..... Completa.............. 12......... Pepe and Mari Carmen.......... I..got one sisters. Petrel ....... Manolo .. 10............................ 4................... 5....... This baby..nice parks.............many toys.......................two children....... 7.................................................. My wife ................. 13...........................................a lot of CDs.. We ....... Maria del Mar....................four bedrooms.. 2...ten fingers..a nice house... a boy and a girl....TO HAVE.......... 3. You ....a lot of books.a lot of money. 8.........white hair.............. 11.......... Horacio ..................... 14.. I ...... 1........ My house ....four schools.....many friends........................ Sarah . Sax ..... 6...............................................a computer.......... 9....................... 9 .

........................................Responde......................................................................... Have you an Email address?................................... 1............................. 3................................... Have you got brothers or sisters?........ 2..................... Have you got a computer?........ 10 ... 5........... Have you got a car?...................... 4......................... Have you got a mobile?...................

........... Do you speak Valenciano?............ Do you prefer meat or fish?......................................... Do you like reading?..................................................... Do you like paella or gazpachos?..... 10........ 9..................................................... 6......................... Do you watch Crónicas Marcianas?......................................... Do you drink coffee?......................................................................................... Do you like coffee?....................................... 11.................. Do you smoke?........ 7........................ 8......... Do you like going shopping?.................................... 4..................................................................................... Do you live in Elda?................................ 11 ......... 5.................................TO DO 1.......................... Do you play any sport?... 3........... 2...................................... Do you read El País or El Mundo?...................... 12.........................................................

..... 4................................... 1.. When are the Moors and Christians festivities?................... When is your birthday?....................... 12 .... When is Christmas day?..... When is San Valentine’s day?....................DIAS.............................. 2..................................................... 5............................ When is San Antón?.... 3...........................................................................

12 What time do you: Wake up. Have dinner.50 8.15 8. Have breakfast. Go to bed.00 8. Have a shower. 8. 13 . Have lunch.45 8.LAS HORAS Escribe. Get up.30 8. Have a coffee.

.........................FECHAS Y NUMEROS 5 ........788 .........234............................................................... 1976 ........................... ............................ 14 ...................................................................................................................................... 1567 .............................................................................................................................345............. 5........................................................ 17.........567 ........ 4567 ........................................... 1.......................... 9 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 50 ............ 15 .............................888 25 ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................

ADJETIVOS DE NACIONALIDAD
1. Paco lives in Madrid, so he is……………………………..................
2. Mario lives in Roma, so he is……………………………....................
3. Mike is from London, so he is……………………………...................
4. Paul lives is New York, so he is…………………………....................
5. Natacha is from Berlin, so she is………………………….................
6. James lives in Oxford, so he is……………………………................
7. Brian is from Edimburgh, so he is………………………....................
8. Keito is from Tokyo, so he is…………………………….....................
9. Pierre is from Paris, so he is…………………………….....................
10. Katia lives in Moscow, so she is…………………………................

15

HOW MUCH.
Contesta.

1. How much is a copy of Valle de Elda?.........................................
2. How much is a kilo of tamotaes?...................................................
3. How much is a flight to London?....................................................
4. How much is a coke?.......................................................................
5. How much is a pencil?......................................................................
Escribe el resultado con letras

4 +8

9 + 12

18 + 20

20 + 20

16

RUTINAS.
1. What do you do on Saturday?.........................................................
2. What do you do in summer?...........................................................
3. What do you do in the morning?....................................................
4. What do you do in the afternoon?.................................................
5. What do you do at night?.................................................................

17

....... 10...................................... Carlos............................................is tall....... My wife .. 3......................................................... 18 ............ The policeman is happy................. 7........................................... The children are in the park............................................... 7...............has a sister. I know Enrique...... Peter and Mary................................................................ Barbie.. The teacher is a woman........... 5....... Pilar and Paco........ Sara........ Jose Joaquín....................... The magazines are old............................... 4.......at home.....have a house in Villajoyosa.........................has a doll.......... 6........................... 2.....likes coke 5........... Oscar .............. 6............. 1...................... Vuelve a escribir la frase utilizando un pronombre personal........... 1.................. 4............................. Felipe ..............................many dresses............... The girls are playing....... The door is open......................is at home 9............................PRONOMBRES PERSONALES Reemplaza las palabras subrayadas por pronombres personales..... 8.....is in Elche............................. 3............... 2.................... María is pretty.play tennis.........................

..... 9.............................new dress........8.............................................. Is this...................................books.... 19 ....... Have you ..................................... 2... Juan and Conchi are..................... 5........... I like..........telephone? 6......................................pen? 4........................................................ 3...................... María has......................... I have....................a computer..........................…parents-in law........................................................................................................ Miguel Angel has..... ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS Pon el adjetivo que corresponda.................................................................................................. Pepe is poor... 1......................................wallet...................................... I have .................money? 7.......... 8...…......teachers.................... I like ........................

... ANY........................... 5....... Antonio buys.........................eggs..... NO Y SUS COMPUESTOS 1........ 4...............sardines...... 2............money..olives................ We need .................................................... Manolo bought........ 7.............................SOME...............water for the gachamiga....................... Jose Luis grows..................................................tomatones.................................................................................. We always have........jokes............ 20 ................ 8...................................... I doon’t tell..........bread............................................ 3........ We eat.................................................. They haven’t.... 6.............

..... News..... Fish ....................... Glass................. Money.. Beef............. Bread................. Mountain.... House........ Hair................. Rice.............. Air........................... Shop.. Music..... Milk ..................... House............... ..... Hair........... Butter.... Coffee.... Book................ People................. Marmalade............................ Advice............... Luggage.... News.. Information............. ....... 21 .. Coke...................... Garlic................ Oil. Desk.. Warmth....CONTABLES E INCONTABLES Clasifica estos nombres en contables o incontables...............

...................................................... 13........................................................................... The king is tall.................................................... 2......................................... The son is tall......................................... 3................. The man is happy.................................................................................... My nephew Antonio is clever....................................................................... The prince is here....... 6................. She is here.... 22 ..................................................................... My aunt’s name is Aida................................................. 12....................... His brother is a lawyer............................... 4........................ 9. The policeman is fat..... The king is blonde..................................... 7.......... Her husband is rich...................................................................................................................... The actor is good...... The poet is from Elda............. 8........................................... 5................................................... 10...................... 11......................... 14. The lion is roaring.......................................EL GÉNERO Transforma en femeninas estas frases 1..........................

.......................................... Sheep .................... Loaf .................. Knife ..... y Deer ........ Bus ............... Leaf ............................................................................................................................................................ Iife ... Day ....................... City Countr .............................................................................................................. Lady ...... Dish ........................................................................................ Piano ................................................... Stitch ..................................................................................................................EL PLURAL Escribe el plural de estos nombres......................... .................................................................... Shelf ............................... Knife ............................ Lady .... 23 .............. Car ..... Directory ............................ ................................................................................................................................................................................................... Foot ............. Tomato .............. Bush ....................................... Bus ......................... Biro ...................................................... Child ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Glass ....................... Church ............................................................................................................. Baby ..... Fly ................................................... Man .................................... Box .................................... Potato ...................................... Boy ....................................

........................... ........... Las obras de Quevedo son muy importantes.......... ............................................ ........................ Yo vivo en la Plaza Mayor..Tooth .................................................................................. La casa de los Martínez es grande........................................... 4........... ...................... ........................................................ 7................ 24 .......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................... ...... .................................................................................................................................................... El periódico de hoy es aburrido............... El gato de Rocío es feo....... 5............ ................................................... 8.. El cumpleaños de mi mujer es en Octubre........ En Santa Ana hay cuatro puertas....................... 9............................................................................................................................. Yo estudié en la academia de don Emilio............................................................... ........... Ox ................ 10............................... 3.............. 6................................................................................................................................................. La cocina de mi vecina es blanca............. 2............................................................................................................................................. Esta es la casa de mi hermana...................... LA POSESIÓN 1..............................

.......................................................................................................... El coche de mi suegro es alemán........ 15................................................. 25 .... .......................................................................................... Mi madre está en la peluquería... 12................... El concierto de ayer fue aburrido....................................11...... 14........................ .................................................................... ....................................................................................................................... ............................. Vamos a ir a cenar a casa de Horacio el sábado.................... 13....... Hay un supermercado en la Plaza Mayor................................................................................. .................

...... 3............. He is ...honest man.............................................................................. 5....................... Traduce estas frases................................ 2............................ Como una hamburguesa los sábados......................................... Book Window Horse Airport Hour Accident Honest Ship University Man 1...............................EL ARTÍCULO INDETERMINADO A or an.. I go to ...................................... 26 ............... 3................hamburguer on Saturdays.................................university................. ......................... Manolo es católico............... 5............................... Pilar es periodista................................................. I like .......................... .............................. Felipe es socialista................ I eat ........... ............................ Pepe is ............... ..................... 2............................................................ 4........... 1..actor.... Antonio es ingeniero............................apple in the morning 4............ .............

.................... .... 14. Manuela es médico........................................ 9........................................................................................................................................ Quiero un café.................................................... .......................................................... 27 .................................................................................................................................................. ¿Tienes fuego? ..... ...................................................................................... La mujer quiere comprar el piso. 11............................................................ 13.. Un elefante es un animal muy grande......................... Pepe tiene dolor de espalda................................................................................................................................................................... ...................................... ............................................................................................................... .................... Mi hija se come una manzana en el cole................. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7........................ 8..................... 15.... ................. Los Estados Unidos tienen muchas universidades........... 16............... ...... 12....................................................................6.................... ............................................................................... Visito el Palacio Real todos los años.. Me duele la cabeza............................................ 10......................................................... José Luis es un chico honesto...................

.................................... 19............ Ya no está en la oficina.......................... ..................................................................... 20............................................................ ... El sol es muy brillante......................................................................................................... está en casa............................................................................................... ..... El Papa vive en Roma................17................. 18..................................... 28 .... .......................... El mar es muy bonito.......................................

....................... 10......................................................... El vino de Petrel es bueno............................................................................... Ella toca el piano................ Los gatos comen pescado............................ ..... ...................... ............................ 8........... 29 ........................ Los perros comen carne..... ......................... Nunca veo la tele por la mañana............................................ 6..................... ....................................... Los bomberos son muy valientes..................... 9............................................................................ 7....... 2................................................................................................................................................................ El sol es grande... ...................................... 4.. 1......................................................................................... ..................................................................................... ........................................................................................................ .................................. ......................................................................................... 5............... Beber vino no es malo.........................EL ARTICULO DETERMINADO Traduce las siguientes frases............................................................................................... El libro no es muy difícil.................... 3................................................. Los ricos también tienen problemas.................................

.................................. .......................... 18................. ......................................... .. Los domingos vamos al mar................... ............................................................................................ Mi madre está en el hospital................. 19.......................................................... 12............................................................... Mi hermana está en el hospital de visita................................................................ Las chicas de esta clase llevan pantalones........................................................................................................................................ ..... 20.......................... ...................................................... .........................11................. .................... 14........................................................................ El desayuno es la comida más importante.................................................................... 13..... es enfermera......................... 17............................................ El profesor está en la universidad........................... Los franceses son morenos. 15................................................................ ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 30 ... 16.............. ................ Roldan está en prisión...................................................................................................................... Las chicas llevan faldas...................................................... Los domingos también vamos a la iglesia..........

.... 5........ I won't be going to the meeting.............................................. 2.... I don't smoke.......BOTH............................................... ................... .................... 4............................ NEITHER...................... Contesta usando neither.................................. so do I................ ...................................................nor....................................................... 3........................................... 3... 4........................................ 1..................... I've got two sisters............................................ EITHER Contesta usando so am I..................................................................................................... 1... I drive to work.............................................................. I saw that film last night....................... 5.... ........ I'm overworked and underpaid........... .... I'd go if I could afford it.... ................................................................... ...................... 31 .............. I can't swim............................. I haven't got a car..... ................. ................................................................ ................................................................. I'm not thirty yet........... ........................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................... 2...............................................................................................................................................

............. Estos ejercicios son los más fáciles de todos........ ........................................................................ .................. 1...................ADJETIVOS..... 6.................. El Cid es el monte más alto.................................. 9..................................................... 3..................... 5. El Vinalopó tiene menos agua que antes............................... ... 10... Las naranja es la mejor fruta de invierno.................................................. ............ Estoy más flaco que el año pasado. El norte es más frió que el sur.............................................................................. 4........................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................ .................................................................................. Este libro es más caro que el de Historia...................................... Las fiestas de Villena son tan buenas como las mejores.............................................................. LA COMPARACIÓN Traduce estas frases...... ...... Esta clase es más calurosa que la de al lado........................................................................................................................................ 32 ........... ........................................... Mi madre es menos gorda que la tuya.................................... 2.............................. 8.............. .................................... 7...................................................................................

..............Sagasta square................... 3.. 2..........................computers........................................................................... She is ....Saturday...................................................Elda. 33 ........................ 4......................... I live quite.........................................................................tennis? 10. He came ..... 6...................................................... I'm very interested......................... Petrer is quite . 5......... I used to live in .... 8.. I'll see you...... Are you good............................................... There's a good pub..PREPOSICIONES 1............ I will be there .......home.......00............................................................................................................................ 9...... 7.........................................6.......in Sax......................Onésimo Redondo street..........January..........

.............................................................. 2...EL IMPERATIVO ¿Cómo se dice? 1.................. Lea las instrucciones........................... No fumar......................................... 4.................................................................................................... No hablar con el conductor.... Abre la puerta........ 5......... 3............... Cierre la puerta... 34 .................................................................................................

.......................... Buy........... Wash....... Do........................................................................................................................ Study........... Kiss …………............................................................................................ Read............................................................ Repair............................................................................................ Listen....... Love................... Think........ Annoy.................EL PRESENTE SIMPLE Escribe la tercera persona del singular del presente de indicativo................. Buzz....................................................... Fix................................................................................ Brush............................................................................................................................... Go......................................................................................................................................................................... Watch........ Miss....................... Play................................................... Push............................. Pass..................... Have.................................. Carry............... 35 .....................................

................ Mi mujer no fuma y no bebe café...... 4............. A Inma le gusta la música moderna.............................................. 36 ..................... Mis tios viven en Madrid. 1........ ........................................................................................................................... 14............. 10................................................................................................................................ ................................................. Álvaro habla francés.............. pero no habla valenciano..................................................................................................................... Nado todos los días............ Voy al monte a menudo.................................................................................. Me gusta leer................................................................... 7.......... 12.................... Vladi trabaja en un colegio...................... Mi cuñado conduce un vespino rojo..... .................................................................... Nunca bebo Fanta de limón............................................................................. ............................................................. ......................................................................................... Pepito no trabaja en Santa Pola............................................................................................................................................................................................... .............................. 5. 13.. ........................ 3........... No conocemos a nuestros primos de Albatera... No voy de compras muy a menudo.... Siempre vamos al cine a las 6..................... 11.....................................................................................................................................EL PRESENTE SIMPLE.......... ............................. ........... ................................. 8........................ 2........................................................................... ......................... 6.............. ................................ . 9..................

............ ............................Escribe la forma negativa..................... 1..................................... ........................................................................................ I love her............................................................ 8........... They study at night....................................................................... ..................................................................... ........................................................................................................................... 3.......... ................................................ ..... He writes a book every year............................................... I play golf.................. 7..................................... 4................... I wear glasses... 5........................................ We speak Valenciano.............................................................................................................. We eat a lot of tomatoes................................................ ........................ 37 ............................................ I sing in the morning................................................. 10 ............................................................ ....... 2........................................................................... I know them................. Aida cooks very well.................. .................................. 6... ................................................... 9.................................................................

......................................... I speak English. 5.............................................................................I come from Elda..................................... I am married...........Thirty-eight years old.....................................................................................Yes.......................................................................... 2. 5 Do you go to the beach in summer? ........Yes................... 3................................... 1 Do you drink tea? .................................................................................. 2 Do you live in Villena? ..................... ..................Contesta............................ ....................................................................................................................................................................... I prefer paella..................................................................... 1................................................................ ..................Yes...................... 38 .................................... ..................................................................... Escribe las preguntas........... 4 Does your mother like Tómbola? ..... 3 Do you read magazines? ..... I sometimes go swimming.................................................................................................................................. 6....................................................... 6 Is it cold in Petrel in winter? ......................... .......... 4.......................... ..

... I'm thirsty......................................... My favourite singer has a new album................................................................ Completa con going to 1...................................................................... My hair is very long......................... 4.......................................................................................................................................................................... 3........................................................ 5 (What time / you / play tennis on Sunday?) ........................................ 39 ..... He doesn’t like his computer............................................................... They don’t want to live here ................. 2 (When / you / go to Madrid?) ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ It is very cold...................................................................... 5........ 6...............GOING TO..................................................................... 1 (What / you / eat / tonight?) . 3 (What time / he/ go to the cinema?) ................................................................................................................................................ 2........ 4 (How long / you / be in Alicante?) ......................................... Tomorrow it’s my wife’s birthday... 7..........................................................

............. 40 ......... ............... .......................... ...................................................... ..................... ........................................................... ....................................... Dye Come Die Have ............................................... Live Walk Practise Go ..................................................... Study Get Play Run .............. ......... . ....... ................ ......................... .. Buy Shop Breathe ................................................................................... ........ .............EL PRESENTE CONTINUO Pon la forma “-ing”........... .................... Lie Take Try Make .............. Sleep .......................................

............................................................................................................. He / work / tomorrow...........................................1. They / go to Madrid / tomorrow................... 10.............................................................. 9......................................................................... They / go / Majorca / next August.............................................. 11....... I / see / my family / Monday... ............................................. ................................ ........................................................................................... We / not go to the university / next year....................................................... 5................................. .............. I / meet / Mary / 6:00 o’clock ........................................ 7...................... I / go / to the swimming pool/ tomorrow........................... 41 ................................................................................................................................................ 4......................................................................................................... ......................................... 8.... ............................................. 2............................................ . We / visit/ Disneyland / next year.................................................................. 3.............................................. What / you do / Friday? .......... ............................... 6.............................................................................. I / not play the piano / tonight............................. You / cook paella / on Saturday? .....................................................................................................................

.... ...They are making coffee..................................................................They are playing with a doll................................. ................................................ 42 ................................He is probably writing a letter.................. .......... .I am going to play tennis...... 1...... 3.....He is reading El País.............. 4...................... .....ESRIBE LAS PREGUNTAS..............He is waiting for a friend.......... 6........................ ................................... 5. 2............................................................

...................... Love .............. Dye .... Answer ...... Phone ................................................. 3....................... Live ......................................... Try ..... Plan ....................... Practise ........................................ Open .................... Apply ............I went there last summer............................................................I met Teresa in Elx................ Formula preguntas usando el pasado simple 1................ Ask ...... ....... Study .......I had a day off yesterday................................ ....................... Play .. 2............................... Listen ........ 5....................................... Carry ...................................................................................... 43 ......................... Die ...... Walk ................................................. Visit ....... saw your mother in the market................... .. ..........EL PASADO SIMPLE Forma el pasado de los verbos......... Stay .......................................................................... ........................... Stop ............................. 4................. Live ............................I bought it three days ago... Finish ...

............................................ 3....................................... 2.....................................CONTESTA 1..... How was your childhood? ............................................................................................................ 4..................................................... What are your best memories? .............................. Who were your friends? ....................... Escribe 5 años y cuenta algo importante que te sucedió................................................... Where did you live? .......................... 5.................................................... AÑO ACONTECIMIENTO 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 44 ........ Which were your favourire toys? ........................................................

Ahora cuéntame como fueron tus mejores vacaciones. MY BEST HOLIDAYS Where? When? Who with? How did you go? Where did you stay? How was the people? How was the food? What did you buy? What did you see? 45 .

................................................... .............. 46 ........ .............for a long time.......... 1......................... 4.............. 2.for three years.................since I was eight years old...................................since last October............since I met my wife..................................for over seven years................................ .............. 5....................................... ......................................... ........ 6.........................EL PRESENTE PERFECTO Escribe las preguntas usando el pasado simple o el presente perfecto.................................................... ........... 3..

in the afternoon I always go to the swimming pool on Monday. I would have gone. I stayed home and played ATAJOS with my daughters.45. Wednesday and Friday Now. We have eaten a sandwich together and have remembered the good old days of the High School. the phone rang.Repaso de tiempos I get up everyday at 7. I will go to Alicante on Wednesday. I was telling him that I was not interested when someone was knocking at the door I have bought a bottle of champagne but they had also bought two. I would have called again. 47 . I’ll buy some clothes and I’ll eat with a friend. I would go to London. Yesterday it rained a lot. I will be sunbathing in July and in September I’ll be writing a new book I will have paid the car in June 2004 and I’ll have read the book next Sunday. When I was sleeping siesta. I’m reading a good book on Oriental tales. my friend Manolo is painting a portrait of his girlfriend and Clemente is writing an article for a magazine I have seen an old friend of mine. I would eat a bocata right now. They had sold the house and they had gone to live in Madrid. I have breakfast and go to work. someone was trying to seel me a collection of books.

Escribe un par de ejemplos y la estructura de la forma afirmativa PRESENTE SIMPLE PRESENTE CONTINUO PRESENTE PERFECTO PASADO SIMPLE PASADO CONTINUO PASADO PERFECTO FUTURO SIMPLE FUTURO CONTINUO FUTURO PERFECTO CONDICIONAL SIMPLE CONDICIONAL CONTINUO CONDICIONAL PERFECTO 48 .

(question) 49 . (question) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4 We must go to Elche today. 1 I must go to work tonight. (question) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10 Peter can go to Madrid. (question) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3 Peter can pay for us. (negative) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 2 Manolo can play the piano. (negative) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5 We can go to the cinema on Friday. (negative) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9 You can come tomorrow. (negative question) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6 You should buy a mobile phone. (question) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8 She can pay the bill.LOS VERBOS MODALES Transforma las siguientes frases. (negative) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7 You can talk to him. (question) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11 We must say hello to them.

….......... 3.......................... You want the salt.................... …................................................................................................................................................. The music is too loud................... 7................. 50 ................... You want the teacher to explain it again............. 6...................................... 9............... …...........................................Escribe una frase utilizando un verbo modal 1....... You'd like to borrow my car............ You want another cup of tea.................................................... You want the waiter to give you the bill............................... …............................................... 2........................................................................................................................................ ….................. …......................................... …............................... ….................................... You need some money................................. 5............................................ You need to know the time..................................................... 4......... …..................................... 8.......... You want to know how to go to Castelar Square...............

............. 3... He works a lot......................... ..... You need to make a phone call from someone else's house...................................................... ......... You'd like to borrow £5.............................. 8.............................................................................................. ........... 9.......................... 2.............. 6...... I m sure the paella isn’t ready..................................... The TV is boring............................ 7................................. 51 ........................................ ...........10... You need a pen................................................................................................................................................................................................................. ..................... The TV is on the wrong channel and you'd like to turn over... You want to smoke but you don’t have a lighter........... ................... .......................................... He doesn’t study much................................ I'm sure he's not happy with his wife......................... 4................................... Escribe una frase usando un modal 1....................... 5................................................ ................................................ .............................................................

........................................................................... 4........... 3.......................................... She is not here............ He is driving a Ferrari..... Offer to help your wife with the washing up............... 4................................................................10........................................................................ Offer to drive someone home.. .......... ................................................ Offer to get a friend another drink................................................................... 52 ................................ CAN 1......................................................... They are not talking to each other...... ... ..................... 3.................................. Offer to carry a suitcase... MAY OR MIGHT 1............................. 2.................................................. It’s very cold............................................................................ 2................................ .................... ...................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................ ..................................................... 5.............................. You'd like another cup of tea....... Salvador hasn’t come................................... ......................

............... 1........... 2....................................................................................................................... 3.................................. MAY HAVE........................................................................................... 4.................. ..................................... .................... Your friends are not in the pub........................................................................... You'd like to say something in a conversation..................................................................... You'd like to have a seat by the window in a plane............................................................................................ You'd like to try on smaller size....................................... 4........... 3................................................................................................................................... .................................................................. .............................. ........................................ MIGHT.......................... Your wallet is not where you always leave it............... MAY 1.................................................................................................... 53 .................................. HAVE OR COULD HAVE... You don’t find the keys...... 5............. .............................................................. ..................... .............. You want to smoke. You want another coffee..................................................................................... 2.............................................. All the shops are closed in town........... .....................................

..... OUGHT TO OR SHOULD....... 1. The Pirates of the Caribbean is a good film.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2................................................ . You find a new car in your parking place...................................................5............ ............................................... El Fari is singing in Pinoso.............................................................................................................................. 4..................... 3................... 54 .............................................................. .................... ...... 5.................................................... You smoke too much................................. ..................................... .................. All the shares are very cheap......................................... La sombra del viento is a very good book...............

....................................... 2..................... 3............ She did not pass the exam....................................................... 5..... ................................................................................................................................ They did not pay the bill...... . They did not win the match.............. 4....................................... ...................................OUGHT TO HAVE OR SHOULD HAVE 1............................................... ................................................................................................... 55 ............ He didn’t phone on my birthday.............................................. The opera was very good.......................................................................................................... .....................

.......................................... .................................................. She was blonde........................................................................................... Your sweater has a hole.......... .................................................... It’s 2........... 3................... It is very cold and the windows are open...................................MUST 1....................................................................................................... ................................................................ and now she is not............. 2......................................... ......... He drove a 600 and now a Ferrari................. 5............. .............. 56 ........................................................................ 9................................................................................................................................................ .............. 4..... 7................... Your hair is dirty................................................................... ....... You don’t know the rules......... .................................00 in the morning.............................................................. 11................................................................. 6............................................. It’s your girlfriend’s birthday......... He is not listening to me............... ............ He is not here................ 10............. He is walking with another woman................................................................................ .................. 8......................................................................................

...................... Pepe is not in the office........................................... 2........ ........................ 4......................................................................................... They don’t answer me........................................................................................................................ . 6................................................................... They are not waiting for us................................................................................ 3................................................. There is no milk left.......................................... ........................... ......................... MUST HAVE 1............. All the chocolate has disappeared..................................... Horatio has a new car.................................................. ................................... 57 ..................................................................................................................................... ................................................... 5....................................

. 10................. 2... I'm on a strict diet....... He works six days a week.................. 8........her driving test? 9..... I........... 6......00 sharp............ 5..... He... to save a lot for our holidays. 58 ............................................. He had a climbing accident................................ 4.... How many times she ........................ I ...the audience to be quiet....to the doctor yesterday...ran for cover........ 7..................low calorie food. We........... When the storm broke we ..HAVE TO 1........ He....................at 9.......... 3..................................................... He.. He........................... He hasn't got a car..........Saturdays......................to work by bus........... Their firm is very strict ………………………...................................with a stick............................................

..... 8................HAVE GOT TO..do it.... 9... 4..pay rent............. I'll get it.worry about supper..00.................... I'm glad we.. 5.......................00........ How long.....................see the Managing Director at 4............. 10.... 2... 59 .. He...be at work early tomorrow........... I.......... He works flexible hours......................................... He............. When................ so you.............to cook before it's ready? 6.. I've already done the washing............................... since she lives with her parents................ He..... 7......... 1...........move house until the summer...........you go? 3.............. so he............... You.be at work until 10......go and see her parents this week.............

......................................................... 4............. I didn't have to worry about money................... . ...... There was no need for you to bring a towel -we've got plenty here............................. 6........................................................................................................ ............................................................................................ ......... 8... It's not necessary to have a dictionary.......... .............. 5................................................... There’s no point in taking an umbrella ....................................... It's not necessary to take an umbrella................. 60 ........................ She doesn't have to stay now...... Wearing a tie isn't obligatory..................... ............................................................................................. .......................... 2.. ......................................................................................................... 3................. 10...... 7.................................... ...................................... You don't have to phone now...........it's not raining............................................................................................. It wasn't necessary for him to work so much................................................. 9........ .........NEED 1..... It is not necessary to pay now.......................................................................................................................

...................................pay all her debts..............SHOULD 1............................ 2................ 61 ....................worry so much.....stay at home............... 4........................... You ............................................. We.................... visit her more often............................go and see a doctor. They... You................................................. 3....................... 2................................... They .......................

............................CONDICIONALES 1.... Si ella quiere......................... 9..................... Si ella quisiera................................ 6......... 11........ Si puedo te llamo..................................................................................................................... 3................................ me llamaría ........ 4....................................... ....................................... Si ella no trabajara tanto.................... 8.................................................. Si hubiera podido....................................................................................................... ................ Si hubiera comprado un buen diccionario......... ............................. 62 ........ será peor para él.......................................................................................................... 7.................. no tendría problemas................................... llámame............................................................................................. 2....... Si canta El Fari........................... ................................. 5........................... te habría regalado ese reloj................. .. 12.......................... me voy a Londres .......................... Si pudiera visitaría un país cada año ................... Si fuma mucho. ..... Si quieres jugar al tenis......................... podría estudiar más ................................................................................... lo compraría ............................................ Si no fuera tan caro.............................. Si apruebo Inglés............ compramos el piso............................... 10.......................................................... iré a verlo..... ...................................

63 .

It's a beautiful day…………………………………………………… 2. they're in Portugal……………………………………………… 10. You've been to Paris………………………………………………… 5. Yes. 4. No. The film wasn't very good………………………………………… 18. You don't know Juan……………………………………………… 16.COLETILLLAS 1. No. They're on holiday…………………………………………………… 3. You aren't tired……………………………………………………… 13. Yes. He works too hard………………………………………………… 11. it's lovely……………………………………………………… 9. Paquita is a very nice person……………………………………… 14. I can't drive…………………………………………………… 19. You'll help me………………………………………………………… 8. You haven't got a car…………………………………………… 12. You can play the piano…………………………………………… 15. I'm fine…………………………………………………………… 64 . She was angry…………………………………………………………. He looks very tired…………………………………………………… 7.. Betty went to university………………………………………… 17. You smoke……………………………………………………………… 6.

................................................................................................. Pepe will buy clothes for her....................................... 7........ I found a wallet in the street. I bought a car...................... I buy many records........ They sell shoes in Madrid......................................................................................... The firm made a lot of money......LA VOZ PASIVA 1........................................................................................................................... 5.............................................................. ...... 2............ .......... ............... 11.... .................................................................................................. 8................................... My grandmother cooked paellas........................... .................................................................................................. ......................................................................................................................................... 4.................................................... I make palomitas at home....................................................................................................................... 6...... 10....................... ................................................ They gave me a present........ ............................................................. 9................................ ............. We will decorate the kitchen.............. I read a book every month............................. .................. 3.......................................... 65 ...........

.................................................................................... .............. They told us a joke.............................. . 66 ............................................................................................ ................................................................... I've eaten three cakes.. I write many letters a day...................................... 12............................................................................................................................................................................................... We visit her every week.......................... .. 14......................................... 13.............................. 15..................................................................

.... I have sent her a letter............................................................................ .................... I’m going to bed............. 10....... 7........... ................................................................................................... 5............... I can't go........ I went to the party......... ...00 ... We went to the cinema yesterday..............................EL ESTILO INDIRECTO 1....................... ................. I had breakfast at 7............ 9......................... 3...... I will visit you......... She bought a present.................................................... 2............................................ ............................................................ I don't work on Saturdays.................... ........................ 4............................................................................................................. We're having a wonderful time.......................... 8... 11................................................................. 67 ........................................................................................ ...................................... ............... ......................................................................................................................................................................................... I will complain... 6...................................

.............................................. What’s your name? ..... 12......... Will you come? ............................... I am learning Italian............................................................................ Where have you been? ............................................................ .................................... 68 ........................................... ........................................................................ What’s the time? ......... 13................................................................................................................................................................................................... I didn't see the film........ ...................................... 18................................. How long have you been in Spain? .......................................................................... 14................... They were ill..................... I went to Mexico.. 15.............................. 19......................................................................................................................... 17................................................................................... 20........... 16........................... ...............

EL GERUNDIO 1. Me cansa escucharle ………………………………………………………………………… 3. ………………………………………………………………………… 2. Esa película da miedo ………………………………………………………………………… 5. Está cansado ………………………………………………………………………… 4. Ir al cine es muy divertido ………………………………………………………………………… 69 . Es muy aburrido ver como llueve.

...... .......... Buy a new Hi-Fi........... 3............................................. Have a party next week............................................................... 6......................................... Visit our relatives.................................. 5........ 2....... 4.................................... Have a walk.. Go and have a drink................................................................................ 8................................. Visit some museums............................................................HAZ SUGERENCIAS A LAS SIGUIENTES SITUACIONES.................................................. Ask them to come for dinner.............................................................................. Renew the computers....... Buy a new house.............. 70 ... 1......... 7........................................................................ 10............................................ Write some letters...................... 9.......

We have no time to loose ……………………………………………………………………………… 7. Does she have any letter to write? ……………………………………………………………………………… 6. Petrel is smaller than Elda and Salinas is the smallest ……………………………………………………………………………… 13. ……………………………………………………………………………… 5. The French drink a lot of wine ……………………………………………………………………………… 9. My old Ford Fiesta is white and her husband has another one ……………………………………………………………………………… 8. ……………………………………………………………………………… 4. An orange and an apple a day is what I eat in the morning ……………………………………………………………………………… 10. I have some work to do. I love her and she loves me. They talk to him. They both like the beatles and all prefer to stay home ……………………………………………………………………………… 11.TRADUCE 1. ……………………………………………………………………………… 3. ……………………………………………………………………………… 2. We like it a lot. I neither smoke nor drink ……………………………………………………………………………… 12. Alicante is the best place to go to the cinema 71 .

I was watching TV ……………………………………………………………………………… 21. I have read a book ……………………………………………………………………………… 19. I play tennis in summer ……………………………………………………………………………… 17. I am working in a new project ……………………………………………………………………………… 18. I will visit her ……………………………………………………………………………… 23. I had eaten paella ……………………………………………………………………………… 22. He is not as rich as he used to be ……………………………………………………………………………… 16. I would have gone to New York ……………………………………………………………………………… 72 . I will have seen them ……………………………………………………………………………… 25. We are as happy as last year ……………………………………………………………………………… 15. I would buy a DVD ……………………………………………………………………………… 26. I will be talking to them ……………………………………………………………………………… 24.……………………………………………………………………………… 14. I played football yesterday ……………………………………………………………………………… 20.

Let’s go for a walk ……………………………………………………………………………… 32. She must study. I drink little water and read few books ……………………………………………………………………………… 37. He has enough money and he is rich enough ……………………………………………………………………………… 28. The bridge was built by the romans ……………………………………………………………………………… 29. ……………………………………………………………………………… 35.27. You should smoke less. ……………………………………………………………………………… 34. I’m now used to writing emails ……………………………………………………………………………… 73 . I can ski. He needs you. I used to study Latin ……………………………………………………………………………… 38. He has much money and many friends ……………………………………………………………………………… 36. He told me not to go ……………………………………………………………………………… 30. I am going to have my hair cut ……………………………………………………………………………… 31. You’d better study more ……………………………………………………………………………… 33.

HAZ UN RESUMEN USANDO LAS SIGUIENTES TABLAS. TO BE Conjuga el Verbo to be en: PRESENTE PASADO FUTURO Pon un ejemplo Para preguntar la edad. El credo religioso. La ideología. 74 . Indicar la profesión.

Para medidas. Con adjetivos. La formación de la voz pasiva. 75 .Formar los tiempos continuos. Indica tallas.

76 . La construcción causativo have. Construcción de tiempos perfectos. Ingestión de alimentos tanto sólidos como líquidos.TO HAVE PRESENTE PASADO FUTURO PRINCIPALES USOS Indicar posesión. Combinado con better indica consejo. Obligación. La contracción es You’d better.

Tiene también un uso enfático. PRINCIPALES USOS Otros usos idiomáticos. 77 .TO DO PRESENTE PASADO PRESENTE FUTURO PASADO Construir las formas negativas. Construir las formas interrogativas.

Con la expresión “Yo también”. 78 . Con la expresión “Yo tampoco”.

en cuyo caso significan “yo solo”. “tú solo. Enfatizan. Pueden ir precedidos de by.” Each other.LOS PRONOMBRES Y ADJETIVOS PRONOMBRES PERSONALES SUJETO PRONOMBRES PERSONALES COMPLEMENTO ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS PRONOMBRES POSESIVOS PRONOMBRES REFLEXIVOS Los pronombres reflexivos indican: Acciones que recaen sobre el mismo sujeto. “A todos” 79 .. “El uno al otro” One Another.

One. 80 .

En presentaciones 81 .ADJETIVOS Y PRONOMBRES DEMOSTRATIVOS SINGULAR PLURAL Se usan cuando hablamos por teléfono. En ciertas expresiones.

HABER IMPERSONAL. THERE IS AFIRMATIVA PRESENTE INTERROGATIVA PASADO FUTURO NEGATIVA CONDICIONAL 82 .

Nowhere. Anyone. Somewhere. Everybody. No one. Any. Somebody. Anything.LOS PRONOMBRES INDEFINIDOS SOME. Anywhere. Everyone. 83 . NO y COMPUESTOS SUS Some. Anybody. Everywhere. Nothing. ANY. No. Everything. Nobody. Traduce: Something. Someone.

84 . Neither…nor None.OTROS INDEFINIDOS All. Both. Every. Each. Either. Neither.

PRONOMBRES Y PARTICULAS INTERROGATIVAS Who. What How. Whose Which. How often. How much. What kind. 85 . How many. How long. How far. How fast. Why. Whom. Where. When.

Money. Mathematics. Furniture. Milk. Time. Dirt. Help. News. Coffee. Advice. Water. Trouble. Paper. Hunger. Sky. Soap. Chocolate. Sugar. Food. Wine. Physics. Rubbish. Weather. Work. Cream. 86 . Music. Sand. Fun. Information. Toothpaste. Silver. Homework. Hope.CONTABLES E INCONTABLES Traduce los siguientes incontables: Butter. Flour. Tea.

LITTLE. A little So Little. INCONTABLES Much. So Many. So Few. Few. MANY. Too Few. Little. Too Little. Too Many. FEW. A few. 87 . A LOT OF CONTABLES Many.MUCH. Too Much.

Plenty of. A packet of. A piece of. A bar of. A cup of.So Much. A bottle of. Traduce estos partitivos. CON CONTABLES E INCONTABLES A lot of. A can of. Lots of. A tin of. 88 .

Boy. Nephew. Doctor. Daughter. Musician. Student. Door. Brother. Sister. Girl.EL GENERO Teacher. Father. Princess. Bachelor. Flower. Brother. MASCULINO FEMENINO Actor. Lawyer. Husband. Niece. Mother. Woman. Mother. Prince. MASCULINOS FEMENINOS NEUTROS Father. Lady. Wife. Reader. 89 . Driver. Man. Sister. Lord. Boy. Cat. Actress. Spinster. Artist.

Widower. 90 . Aunt. Waiter. Daughter.Son. Waitress. Uncle. Widow.

Kiss. Tomato. Foto. Pen. Arbusto. Potato. Piano. Country. Boli. Bolsa. Kilo. City. Kimono. Book. Bush. Ciudad. Patata. Lady. 91 . Libro. País. Box. Señora. Iglesia. Pouch. Piano. Church. Soprano. Chico. Monkey. Juguete. Boy. Coche. Tomate. Caja. Beso. Quilo. Radio.EL PLURAL DE LOS NOMBRES Pon el plural de: Car. Mono. Solo. Piano. Solo. Radio. Brush. Caja. Soprano. Kimono. Photo. Piano. Cepillo. Toy. Box.

Ox. Mackarel. Trout. Cod. Acantila do Man. Ratón. Self. Child. Chief. Estantería . Foot. Ganso. Leaf. Buey. Goose. Partridge Perdíz. Half. Jefe. Tooth. 92 . Gavilla. Wife. Oveja. Lobo. Diente. Sheaf. Calamar Caballa. Squid. Ternero. Duck. Salmon. Hombre. Pato. Caja de seguridad. Thief. Plaice. Shelf. Uno mismo. Life. Mitad. Carp. Pie. Esposa. Carpa.Wolf. Deer. Hoja. Bacalao. Vida. Cuchillo. . Safe. Ladrón. Calf. Loaf. Niño. Sheep. Mouse. Trucha. Mujer. Barra de pan. Woman. Cliff. Platija. Knife. Ciervo. Salmón.

Shorts. . Pantalon es cortos. Gente. Stairs. 93 . aft or Nave espacial. . Pijama. Glasses. Prismáticos Gracias. Pantalon es vaqueros. Tijeras. Binoculars. Cattle. Scissors. Aerodeslizad Aeronave. Gafas. Ganado. Jeans. Police.Spacecr Hovercraft. Pyjamas. Thanks. Gente. Aircraft. Trousers. Policia. Pantalone Escaleras s. People. Folk.

Los plurales regulares acabados en “s” sólo añaden el apóstrofo. Tiendas. hospitales e iglesias. Plurales irregulares no terminados en “s” o “-es” siguen la regla general. Casas y tiendas. Más de un sujeto. 94 . Algunas expresiones.GENITIVO SAJÓN Añadir apóstrofo y una “s “es la regla general. Acabados en s. como nombre propio añade sólo “ ’ ”.

Con exclamaciones. 95 . religiones. Con profesiones. Para indicar el precio de las cosas. Con enfermedades. e ideas políticas.EL ARTÍCULO INDETERMINADO A AN Acompaña a ciertos números y expresiones de cantidad.

El coche. university. Las chicas. con algunas Con fechas se lee pero no se escribe. hospital. town. Los coches. market. Usos Países en plural. La chica. Junto a un adjetivo hace referencia a un colectivo. 96 . Cosas únicas. church. college. Con algunas palabras modifica el significado Bed. The cars. court. class. The girls. También expresiones. prison.EL ARTÍCULO DETERMINADO THE The girl. Con instrumentos musicales. a un tipo de personas. The car. Con los superlativos.

NO. Neither..or. NEITHER. ALL.. None.and. Both…. Most.. Every. Both of them. EVERY. Each. 97 . No. Neither...BOTH. All.nor.. Either. NONE. Both. EACH. EITHER.

as. seem.. Los participios de presente y pasado pueden hacer las veces de adjetivos. LA COMPARACIÓN CON ADJETIVOS IGUALDAD As. taste. appear. Usos Detrás de los verbos copulativos: be. etc.. get. stay. feel. As. Algunos adjetivos siempre llevan preposición. GRADO POSITIVO COMPARATIVO SUPERLATIVO GRADO POSITIVO COMPARATIVO SUPERLATIVO 98 .. fall..LOS ADJETIVOS. sound.. So.. look.

COMPARATIVO
“-Er”.
More….than.
Comparativo
comparativo.

+

and

The + comparativo,
comparativo.

the

+

+

SUPERLATIVO
The .....est.
The + most + adjetivo

COMPARATIVO DE INFERIORIDAD
Less + adj + than.
The least + adjetivo

GRADO POSITIVO

COMPARATIVO

SUPERLATIVO

99

LOS IRREGULARES
Good.
Bad.
Malo.
Little.
Poco.
Much / Many.
Mucho.
Far.
Lejos.
Old.
Viejo.

100

LAS PREPOSICIONES
AT
Puntos concretos.
Cafés y restaurantes
Sitios
donde
se
estudia o trabaja.
Nombres de
actividades de
grupo
Con el número de
la calle
Horas

Navidad y Pascua
Expresiones

At night.

At sunrise.

At noon.

At first sight.

At midnight.

At this moment. At last.

At the bus-stop. At the office.

At the top.

At the station.

At the bottom.

At least.

At sunset.

At work.

101

motos y bicicletas. Días.ON Algo que está tocando o cercano a una línea. 102 . Con pisos. caballos. Cuando algo está tocando una superficie. Con transportes públicos. o algo parecido a una línea. Expresiones. Páginas.

Con algunos lugares. Estaciones.IN Cuando algo está dentro de algo. 103 . Años. Expresiones. Con países. Períodos de tiempo. Con grandes islas. taxi y avioneta. Con regiones. Partes del día Meses. Siglos. Con coche. Partes del cuerpo. Nombres de calles.

At. A lo largo de. 104 . En. Across. Beside. About. Detrás de. Por encima de. Antes de. Alrededor de. Contra. Before. Behind. Below. Against.PREPOSICIONES MAS USADAS. Around. A través de. Entre. Along. Among. Por debajo de. Above. Después. Sobre. After.

105 . From. Between. En. Durante. In front of. Por. Cerca. Beyond. Mas allá de. Near. Next to. Delante de. Down. Desde. During. En. In. Entre (2). Dentro de. Into. De. On. Abajo. By. Of.Al lado de. Al lado de.

Towards. Sobre. Por al lado de. Past. A.En. To. Enfrente de. Alrededor. Under. Round. A través de. Up. Through. Opposite. Out of. Fuera de. Hacia. Con 106 . Debajo de. Over. (Sobre). Arriba With.

ADVERBIOS Modificando adverbios. How often. 107 . How long. CLASIFICACIÓN FRECUENCIA LUGAR MODO GRADO TIEMPO INTERROGATIVOS Where. Which. Modificando frases. Modificando adjetivos. When. How. Why. How far.

ALREADY. DURING Y AGO Yet. Still. STILL. Already. Ago.YET. 108 . During.

EL IMPERATIVO AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA FORMA ENFÁTICA 109 .

etc. Con refranes. En el llamado presente històrico.EL PRESENTE SIMPLE AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA PRINCIPALES USOS Indicar hábitos o costumbres. Para planes futuros. 110 . Horarios. acontecimientos deportivos. chistes. Para indicar universales. verdades Para contar historias. cuentos.

. Always. Never. Often. On Sundays. In winter. 111 . Occasionall Every day. Seldom. Sometimes. Frequently. y. Usually.

relativamente 112 . Con un futuro inmediato. Para predecir algo.BE GOING TO Cuando se tiene intención de hacer algo.

113 .EL PRESENTE CONTINUO AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA PRINCIPALES USOS Acciones no acabadas que se encuentran en proceso. Acciones planificadas. Situaciones temporales. Right now. Quejas sobre acciones que se repiten. • Traduce: Now. At the moment.

114 . Study. Buy.CONSTRUCCIÓN DE LA FORMA –ING Have. Try. Come. Live. Practise. Play.

Acciones que se completaron en el pasado Acciones consecutivas 115 . Negativa. Interrogativa.EL PASADO SIMPLE AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA LOS VERBOS IRREGULARES Afirmativa.

Cuando dos acciones estaban ocurriendo al mismo tiempo. En descripciones.EL PASADO CONTINUO AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA PRINCIPALES USOS Para hablar acerca de lo que estaba sucediendo. 116 .

For.EL PRESENTE PERFECTO AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA PRINCIPALES USOS Acciones que ocurrieron en el pasado pero se desconoce o no interesa el momento exacto en que ocurrieron Acciones que se han repetido en el pasado. Con already. 117 . Since. How long. (alguna vez) Con always. indica que la acción ha ocurrido recientemente Con ever. Con just.

EL PRETÉRITO PERFECTO CONTINUO AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA PRINCIPALES USOS Indica acciones muy recientes que acaban de terminar. Puede ir acompañado de expresiones como: the whole day. all week. etc. 118 . Acciones que empezaron en el pasado y que todavía continuan.

EL PASADO PERFECTO AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA PRINCIPALES USOS Acciones que ocurrieron antes que otra. EL PASADO PERFECTO CONTINUO AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA 119 .

En promesas. Ofrecimientos. indica acciones que ocurrirán. Determinaciones. Predicciones. Con advertencias y condiciónes. Para expresar deseo o rechazo ante algo. Énfasis. Lógicamente. 120 .EL FUTURO SlMPLE AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA PRINCIPALES USOS En sugerencias.

Negativa. EL FUTURO PERFECTO Afirmativa. 121 . this time next year/month/week.EL FUTURO CONTINUO AFIRMATIVA NEGATIVA INTERROGATIVA Suele ir acompañado de expresiones temporales como: At 7 o’clock. Interrogativa.

Interrogativa. 122 .EL CONDICIONAL SIMPLE Afirmativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. EL CONDICIONAL PERFECTO Afirmativa. Negativa.

Negativa. Negativa. EL PRESENTE PERFECTO Afirmativa.CUADRO RESUMEN DE LOS TIEMPOS VERBALES EL PRESENTE SIMPLE Afirmativa. Otros. Usos. Interrogativa. Usos. Interrogativa. 123 . Otros. Usos. Negativa. Interrogativa. EL PRESENTE CONTINUO Afirmativa.

Otros. Negativa. Usos. Interrogativa. Interrogativa Usos. Otros. Negativa. EL PASADO CONTINUO Afirmativa. Interrogativa.EL PASADO SIMPLE Afirmativa. EL PRESENTE PERFECTO CONTINUO Afirmativa. Usos. 124 . Negativa.

Negativa. Interrogativa. Usos. Otros. Usos. Interrogativa. EL PASADO PERFECTO CONTINUO Afirmativa. Negativa. Usos.EL PASADO PERFECTO Afirmativa. Negativa. EL FUTURO SIMPLE Afirmativa. 125 . Interrogativa. Otros.

Interrogativa. Interrogativa. Usos.EL FUTURO CONTINUO Afirmativa. Negativa. Usos. Usos. Negativa. Interrogativa. Negativa. 126 . EL FUTURO PERFECTO CONTINUO Afirmativa. EL FUTURO PERFECTO Afirmativa.

Interrogativa. Negativa. Interrogativa. 127 . Usos. Negativa.EL CONDICIONAL SIMPLE Afirmativa. Usos. EL CONDICIONAL PERFECTO Afirmativa.

as Por eso. Concesivas Although. Aunque. Donde. Where.TIPOS DE ORACIONES Copulativas And. s. Cuando. Tiempo. Causales. Modo. Or. Porque. Para. s Pero. Adversativa But. Como. When. In order to. As. Comparativa As. 128 . Disyuntivas. Finales. Because. Y. . . Lugar. Consecutiv So. Como. O.

That. That.ORACIONES DE RELATIVO Personas Who. . . Cosas. 129 . Where. Personas Whom. . Tiempo. Posesión Whose. Which. Lugar. When.

LOS VERBOS MODALES CAN Expresa conocimiento y capacidad física e intelectual. Posibilidad. MAY Posibilidad. Permiso. Peticiones formales. más Especulaciones. 130 . MIGHT Expresa una posibildad remota que may. Consejos. MUST Obligaciónes morales. COULD Indica habilidad en el pasado.

SHALL Puede expresar determinación cierta USED TO Hábitos en el pasado. Prohibiciones. WILL Predicciones sobre el futuro. 131 . HAVE TO Obligación impuesta. Hábitos y rutinas en el pasado.Deducciónes. normalmente SHOULD. WOULD Peticiones y ofrecimientos. OUGHT TO Para dar consejos.

132 .

Acciones futuras. Permiso. Must. Habilidades. Should Ought to. Shall. Sugerencias. Habilidades. Posibilidad. Would. Could. Have to. Will. Prohibición Might. Predicciones. May. Posibilidad. Posibilidad remota. Imposibilidad. Habilidad en el pasado. Obligación. Obligaciones impuestas. Imposibilidad. Preferencias. 133 . Acciones pasadas. Peticiones formales.TABLA RESUMEN DE LOS VERBOS MODALES Can. Be able to. Consejos. Prohibiciones. Peticiones formales. Decisiones. Petición de permiso.

Needn’t. might Could. Deducciones donde no tenemos mucha seguridad. Necesidad. Ausencia de necesidad. + Have + Participio Pasado. Need.Must. can’t have + PP. May. 134 . Deducciones.

She made a fortune in Cuba. 135 . They made fun of the new pupil. I do the dusting on Tuesday. I always do the ironing. She did her hair yesterday. I make many telephone calls. They made a good choice. He is always making friends. She does the housework. This pill won’t do you any harm. They have made a lot of money. He does well in his job. I do the cooking. This will do you good. She is making coffee. His son is doing badly at university. We do business with Japan. I´m going to make you my last offer.MAKE Y DO MAKE DO Everybody makes mistakes. We made a complaint yesterday. I make the beds in the morning. We do the shopping on Saturday. How do you do? He makes a lot of noise. Make me a promise. They did me a favour. My sister does the washing up. They made us wait. These shoes are made in Elda. I will do the cleaning.

The Mayor made a good speech. 136 . Make up your mind and buy the house. They made war. They made love. You have to make a decision. we are going to Paris. He doesn’t do any exercise.We made sure everything was OK. Everyday I do the washing. Make arrangements. Englishmen do the gardening on Sunday You will have to make an effort. She is doing up the house.

EXCLAMACIONES What a. 137 . How. What.

138 . Tercer tipo: If + pasado perfecto + condicional perfecto.ORACIONES CONDICIONALES PRIMER TIPO SEGUNDO TIPO TERCER TIPO Primer tipo: If + presente + presente. También podemos tener: If + presente + futuro. Segundo tipo: If + pasado simple + conditional simple.

LA VOZ PASIVA ACTIVA PASIVA Presente Simple Pasado Simple Futuro Simple Condicional Simple Presente Perfecto Pasado Perfecto Futuro Perfecto Condicional Perfecto 139 .

Inquire. Announce. Declare. Pasado Perfecto Continuo. Remark. Complain. Pasado Continuo. State. Presente Perfecto Continuo. Pasado Simple. Pasado Perfecto Continuo. Explain. Point out. Pasado Perfecto. 140 . Ask.EL ESTILO INDIRECTO Say. Presente Simple. Pasado Perfecto. Think. Tell. Pasado Perfecto Continuo. Pasado Continuo. Pasado Simple. Pasado Perfecto Simple. Presente Perfecto Simple. Pasado Perfecto. Claim. Pasado Perfecto Continuo. Protest. Warn. Presente Continuo.

Today. Then. Shall. That day. Condicional Simple. Have To. Had To. 141 . Should. Now. The day before.Futuro Simple. Futuro Continuo. Can. The previous day. Might. Condicional Continuo. Must. Yesterday. May. Could.

142 . Those. The day after. Then. The previous week. A Week Ago. Now. The following day. This. The next day. Here. These. There. That. Last week. The Week Before. Next week.Tomorrow. The following week.

Been Borne Beaten Become Begun Bent Bet Bidden Bound Bitten Bled Blown Broken Brought Built Burnt Burst Bought Caught Chosen Come Cost Crept Cut Dealt Dug Done Drawn Dreamt Drunk Driven Traducción 143 .VERBOS IRREGULARES Infinitivo Pasado Arise Be Bear Beat Become Begin Bend Bet Bid Bind Bite Bleed Blow Break Bring Build Burn Burst Buy Catch Choose Come Cost Creep Cut Deal Dig Do Draw Dream Drink Drive Arose Was Bore Beat Became Began Bent Bet Bade Bound Bit Bled Blew Broke Brought Built Burnt Burst Bought Caught Chose Came Cost Crept Cut Dealt Dug Did Drew Dreamt Drank Drove Participio Pasado Arisen Were.

Eat
Fall
Feed
Feel
Fight
Find
Fling
Fly
Forbid
Forget
Forgive
Freeze
Get
Give
Go
Grow
Hang
Have
Hear
Hide
Hit
Hold
Hurt
Keep
Kneel
Know
Lay
Lead
Leap
Learn
Leave
Lend
Let
Lie
Light
Lose
Make
Mean
Meet

Ate
Fell
Fed
Felt
Fought
Found
Flung
Flew
Forbade
Forgot
Forgave
Froze
Got
Gave
Went
Grew
Hung
Had
Heard
Hid
Hit
Held
Hurt
Kept
Knelt
Knew
Laid
Led
Leapt
Learnt
Left
Lent
Let
Lay
Lit
Lost
Made
Meant
Met

Eaten
Fallen
Fed
Felt
Fought
Found
Flung
Flown
Forbidden
Forgotten
Forgiven
Frozen
Got
Given
Gone
Grown
Hung
Had
Heard
Hid
Hit
Held
Hurt
Kept
Knelt
Known
Laid
Led
Leapt
Learnt
Left
Lent
Let
Lain
Lit
Lost
Made
Meant
Met
144

Mow
Pay
Put
Quit
Read
Ride
Ring
Rise
Run
Say
See
Sell
Send
Set
Sew
Shake
Shine
Shoot
Show
Shrink
Shut
Sing
Sink
Sit
Sleep
Sling
Smell
Speak
Spell
Spend
Spill
Spoil
Spread
Stand
Steal
Stick
Sting
Strike
Swear

Mowed
Paid
Put
Quit
Read
Rode
Rang
Rose
Ran
Said
Saw
Sold
Sent
Set
Sewed
Shook
Shone
Shot
Showed
Shrank
Shut
Sang
Sank
Sat
Slept
Slung
Smelt
Spoke
Spelt
Spent
Spilt
Spoilt
Spread
Stood
Stole
Stuck
Stung
Struck
Swore

Mown
Paid
Put
Quit
Read
Ridden
Rung
Risen
Run
Said
Seen
Sold
Sent
Set
Sewn
Shaken
Shone
Shot
Shown
Shrunk
Shut
Sung
Sunk
Sat
Slept
Slunk
Smelt
Spoken
Spelt
Spent
Spilt
Spoilt
Spread
Stood
Stolen
Stuck
Stung
Struck
Sworn
145

Swim
Take
Teach
Tear
Tell
Think
Throw
Understand
Wake
Wear
Win
Wind
Write

Swam
Took
Taught
Tore
Told
Thought
Threw
Understood
Woke
Wore
Won
Wound
Wrote

Swum
Taken
Taught
Torn
Told
Thought
Thrown
Understood
Woken
Worn
Won
Wound
Written

146

quemar Estallar Atrapar Escoger Costar Cortar Cavar Hacer Dibujar. tocar Luchar Encontrar 147 . soportar Batir. golpear. Sentir. estar Llevar. sacar. ordenar Morder Sangrar Soplar Romper Traer Arder. hacerse Empezar Doblar Apostar Mandar. palpar. latir Llegar a. tirar Soñar Beber Conducir Comer Caer Alimentar. ser. presentarse Ser.Infinitivo Arise Be Bear Beat Become Begin Bend Bet Bid Bite Bleed Blow Break Bring Burn Burst Catch Choose Cost Cut Do Draw Drink Drive Fall Feed Fight Find Pasado Participio Pasado Arisen Was Borne Beat Become Began Bet Bade Bled Broke Brought Bent Bet Bitten Bled Blown Brought Burnt Burst Caught Chose Cost Cut Dug Drew Dreamt Drove Ate Fed Felt Dug Done Dreamt Drunk Eaten Fallen Felt Fought Found Traducción Surgir.

conseguir Saber. salir Prestar Dejar. permitir Tumbarse Iluminar Perder Hacer Querer decir. cabalgar Sonar. agarrar Hacer daño. cultivar Colgar Haber. significar Encontrar Pagar Poner Abandonar Leer Montar. tener Oir Esconder Golpear Sostener. tocar el timbre 148 . conocer Poner Aprender Dejar. obtener Dar Ir Crecer. doler Guardar.Flew Forbid Forget Freeze Get Forgot Forgave Have Hear Hit Hold Grew Hung Heard Hid Held Hurt Keep Know Learn Leave Let Lie Lose Make Meet Pay Quit Read Ring Forgiven Frozen Got Gave Go Grow Flown Forbidden Knew Laid Left Lent Lay Lit Made Meant Given Gone Hung Had Hid Hit Hurt Kept Laid Learnt Lent Let Lit Lost Meant Met Paid Put Read Rode Put Quit Ridden Rung Volar Prohibir Olvidar Perdonar Helar Conseguir.

sumergirse Sentarse Dormir Oler Hablar Deletrear. llevar Enseñar Rasgar Decir. gastar Derramar Estropear Extender Ponerse de pie Robar Pegar Picar Golpear Jurar Nadar Tomar. establecer Coser Agitar Brillar Disparar Mostrar Encogerse Cerrar Cantar Hundir.Rise Say See Send Set Shake Shine Show Shrink Sing Sink Sleep Smell Rose Ran Said Saw Sold Set Sewed Shone Shot Shrank Shut Sank Sat Smelt Spoke Spell Spend Steal Stick Strike Swear Swim Teach Tear Sold Sent Sewn Shaken Shot Shown Shut Sung Sat Slept Spoken Spelt Spent Spilt Spoil Spread Run Spread Stood Stuck Stung Swore Swam Took Tore Told Spilt Spoilt Stood Stolen Stung Struck Swum Taken Taught Told Levantarse Correr. contar 149 . hechizar Pasar el tiempo. dirigir un negocio Decir Ver Vender Enviar Poner.

Think Throw Wake Wear Wind Write Thought Threw Understood Wore Won Wrote Understood Woken Won Wound Pensar. usar Ganar un premio Dar cuerda al reloj Escribir 150 . creer Arrojar Comprender Despertar Llevar puesto.

Conference. Constipated. To advise. Success.FALSOS AMIGOS Actually. Idiom. Agenda. Suburb. Career. Carpet. Rare. Parents. Sensible. Casualty. Conductor. Firm. To pretend. 151 . Exit.

152

REPASO DE LENGUA ESPAÑOLA
Lenguaje.
Lengua.
Habla.
Norma.

CATEGORÍAS GRAMATICALES DEL ESPAÑOL
Partes variables.
Partes invariables.
Sujeto.
Atributo.
Complemento directo.
Complemento indirecto.
Complemento circunstancial.
Complemento agente.
Lexema.
Morfema.
Fonética.
Fonología.
Lexicología.
153

Fonema.
Las consonantes según su
sonoridad se clasifican en.
Oración.
Sujeto.
Predicado.
Oración simple.

Sustantivo.
Pronombre.
Artículo.
Determinante.
Persona.
Género.
Número.
Pronombres.
Adjetivo.
Verbo.
Verbo transitivo.
Verbo intransitivo.

154

Preposicion. Modo. Verbo irregular. Participio de presente. Participio de pasado. Infinitivo. Tiempo. Voz. Conjunción.Verbo regular. Adverbio. 155 .

Pasivas. Transitivas.TIPOS DE ORACIONES Afirmativas. Reciprocas. Dubitativas. Reflexivas. Intransitivas. Enunciativa. Interrogativas. Imperativas. Interrogativas. Interrogativa negativa. Exclamativas. 156 . Atributivas. Pasivas reflejas. Negativas. Impersonales. Desiderativas.

Concesivas. SUBORDINADAS Temporales. Modales. Causales. 157 . Consecutivas.COORDINADAS Copulativas. Adversativas. Condicionales. Finales. Disyuntivas.

El libro es gordo. 11. 10. Nosotros somos altos. 12. Mi madre hace yoga. 21. 6. 158 . 13. Comer naranjas es bueno. 19. Ellos estaban hablando con Tomás. Ella escribía con pluma. Ella le quiere desesperadamente. Estos apuntes son para ella. M coche es viejo. 14. 7. 1. 18. 3.CLASIFICA LA PALABRA QUE ESTÁ EN NEGRITA Y DI QUÉ FUNCIÓN DESEMPEÑA EN LA FRASE. 17. En Elche empiezan las clases a las 9. 2. Ellos están comiendo en La Sirena. Todos comen bocatas de atún. 5. El ha comido percebes y no le gustan. 15. 9. 4. 8. Estamos pagando el piso todavía. Estaremos veraneando en Santa Pola el próximo verano. 16. 20. El vendrá el Jueves. El come a las dos. Yo bebo coca-cola. Ayer todos vimos lo que pasó. La mia hace ganchillo. El la quiere.

¿Cómo se escribe banco en inglés? 34. Yo me iría de viaje a Londres. Un barco ha sido construido por los piratas. 25. 36. 24. Como y luego descanso un poco. 31. Los zíngaros fundaron una fanfarria. Ellos habían visitado Alcoy. Ella es más alta y más guapa que su hermana. Dijo que vendría un poco más tarde. Este edificio no es viejo pero donde estabamos antes sí lo era. Mis vecinos están felizmente casados. Puedes tomar té o café. Debes visitar a tus abuelos. 159 . Ella ha vivido en Manila. 29. 33. 32. 27. Nosotros habremos acabado en Mayo. 26. 28. Si comes mucho chocolate engordarás. 35. 30. 37. Cállate ya.22. 23.

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