The Hymns of the Rigveda

Translated by Ralph T. H. Griffith
2nd edition, Kotagiri (Nilgiri) 1896

From the Preface to the first edition, May 25th, 1889
"This work is an attempt to bring within easy reach of all readers of English a
translation of the Hymns of the Rigveda which while aiming especially at close
fidelity to the letter and the spirit of the original, shall be as readable and intelligible
as the nature of the subject and other circumstances permit."
...
"My translation, which follows the text of Max Müller's splendid six-volume edition,
is partly based on the work of the great scholiast Sayana who was Prime Minister at
the court of the King of Vijaynagar - in what is now the Madras District of Bellary - in
the fourteenth century of our era. Sayana's Commentary has been consulted and
carefully considered for the general sense of every verse and for the meaning of
every word, and his interpretation has been followed whenever it seemed rational,
and consistent with the context, and with other passages in which the same word
or words occur."
...

Preface to the second edition, October 15th, 1896
"This second edition of my translation is in the main a reprint in compacter and
cheapter form, with some corrections and other improvements in text and
commentary, of the original four-volume edition."

Notice
The English translation by Ralph Griffith is out of copyright since many decades.
Ralph Thomas Hotchkin Griffith (1826-1906), who was principal of Benares College,
translated the Rigveda and many other Vedic and Sanskrit texts into English.

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Griffith.pdf
This PDF file is desiged for students, who have to read a few hymns in translation.
If you have to study the complete Rigveda, you are recommended to buy a reprint,
because a reprint is much cheaper than making a printout of this entire PDF file.
1. "The Hymns of the Rgveda". Translated with a Popular Commentary by Ralph T.
H. Griffith. Edited by Prof. J. L. Shastri, Motilal Banarsidass, New Delhi, 1 volume,
new revised edition 1973, 707 pages, clothbound. Reprint 2004.
2. "Hymns of the Rgveda". Translated into English with a popular commentary,
Munshiram Manoharlal Publ., New Delhi, 2 volumes, 1490 pages. Reprint 1999.

This PDF file is based on HTM files, freely downloadable at several websites, e.g.
http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/index.htm
http://www.hinduwebsite.com/sacredscripts/rigintro.htm
The purpose of this PDF file is to permit of 1) easy searching and 2) easy extracting.
I wrote a special programme to generate this searchable and extractable PDF file.

1) Searching:
The entire Rigveda text was converted to a clean 7-bit ASCII file for this PDF file, i.e.
this file does not contain any diacritical characters. All Sanskrit words are written
with all diacritics entirely dropped, e.g. "Rbu", "Vrtra", "Tvastar", "Asvins", etc.
The hymns are searchable by entering [BB-HHH], e.g. [08-020] = Book 08, Hymn 020.
You need not enter the square brackets and you need not enter the leading zero for
the books in range 1-9, but you must enter leading zeros for specifying the hymns,
e.g. both 08-020 and 8-020 work, but 8-20 does not work.

2) Extracting:
You may extract any verse, hymn or book from this PDF file by easy copy and paste.
If you copy the extracted text into a word processing programme, no mark-up with a
special font is required, since the PDF file does not contain any diacritical characters.

The file contains a lot scanning errors: Proofreaders are hard to come by these days.
Nobody is willing to help and nobody is willing to pay for a proofread PDF book file.
Therefore, here in Germany, we say: "Never look a gift horse in the mouth".

Ulrich Stiehl, January 2005

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[01-000] RIG VEDA - BOOK THE FIRST
[01-001] HYMN I. Agni.
1 I Laud Agni, the chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice,
The hotar, lavishest of wealth.
2 Worthy is Agni to be praised by living as by ancient seers.
He shall bring hitherward the Gods.
3 Through Agni man obtaineth wealth, yea, plenty waxing day by day,
Most rich in heroes, glorious.
4 Agni, the perfect sacrifice which thou encompassest about
Verily goeth to the Gods.
5 May Agni, sapient-minded Priest, truthful, most gloriously great,
The God, come hither with the Gods.
6 Whatever blessing, Agni, thou wilt grant unto thy worshipper,
That, Angiras, is indeed thy truth.
7 To thee, dispeller of the night, O Agni, day by day with prayer
Bringing thee reverence, we come
8 Ruler of sacrifices, guard of Law eternal, radiant One,
Increasing in thine own abode.
9 Be to us easy of approach, even as a father to his son:
Agni, be with us for our weal.
[01-002] HYMN II. Vayu.
1 BEAUTIFUL Vayu, come, for thee these Soma drops have been prepared:
Drink of them, hearken to our call.
2 Knowing the days, with Soma juice poured forth, the singers glorify
Thee, Vayu, with their hymns of praise.
3 Vayu, thy penetrating stream goes forth unto the worshipper,
Far-spreading for the Soma draught.
4 These, Indra-Vayu, have been shed; come for our offered dainties' sake:
The drops are yearning for you both.
5 Well do ye mark libations, ye Vayu and Indra, rich in spoil
So come ye swiftly hitherward.
6 Vayu and Indra, come to what the Soma. presser hath prepared:
Soon, Heroes, thus I make my prayer.
7 Mitra, of holy strength, I call, and foe-destroying Varuna,
Who make the oil-fed rite complete.
8 Mitra and Varuna, through Law, lovers and cherishers of Law,
Have ye obtained your might power
9 Our Sages, Mitra-Varuna, wide dominion, strong by birth,
Vouchsafe us strength that worketh well.
[01-003] HYMN III. Asvins
1 YE Asvins, rich in treasure, Lords of splendour, having nimble hands,
Accept the sacrificial food.
2 Ye Asvins, rich in wondrous deeds, ye heroes worthy of our praise,
Accept our songs with mighty thought.
3 Nisatyas, wonder-workers, yours arc these libations with clipt grass:
Come ye whose paths are red with flame.

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4 O Indra marvellously bright, come, these libations long for thee,
Thus by fine fingers purified.
5 Urged by the holy singer, sped by song, come, Indra, to the prayers,
Of the libation-pouring priest.
6 Approach, O Indra, hasting thee, Lord of Bay Horses, to the prayers.
In our libation take delight.
7 Ye Visvedevas, who protect, reward, and cherish men, approach
Your worshipper's drink-offering.
8 Ye Visvedevas, swift at work, come hither quickly to the draught,
As milch-kine hasten to their stalls.
9 The Visvedevas, changing shape like serpents, fearless, void of guile,
Bearers, accept the sacred draught
10 Wealthy in spoil, enriched with hymns, may bright Sarsavad desire,
With eager love, our sacrifice.
11 Inciter of all pleasant songs, inspirer o all gracious thought,
Sarasvati accept our rite
12 Sarasvati, the mighty flood,- she with be light illuminates,
She brightens every pious thought.
[01-004] HYMN IV. Indri
1 As a good cow to him who milks, we call the doer of fair deeds,
To our assistance day by day.
2 Come thou to our libations, drink of Soma; Soma-drinker thou!
The rich One's rapture giveth kine.
3 So may we be acquainted with thine innermost benevolence:
Neglect us not, come hitherward.
4 Go to the wise unconquered One, ask thou of Indra, skilled in song,
Him who is better than thy friends.
5 Whether the men who mock us say, Depart unto another place,
Ye who serve Indra and none else;
6 Or whether, God of wondrous deeds, all our true people call us blest,
Still may we dwell in Indra's care.
7 Unto the swift One bring the swift, man-cheering, grace of sacrifice,
That to the Friend gives wings and joy.
8 Thou, Satakratu, drankest this and wast the Vrtras' slayer; thou
Helpest the warrior in the fray.
9 We strengthen, Satakratu, thee, yea, thee the powerful in fight,
That, Indra, we may win us wealth.
10 To him the mighty stream of wealth, prompt friend ot'him who pours the juice,
yea, to this Indra sing your song.
[01-005] HYMN V. Indra.
1 O COME ye hither, sit ye down: to Indra sing ye forth, your song,
companions, bringing hymns of praise.
2 To him the richest of the rich, the Lord of treasures excellent,
Indra, wi th Soma juice outpoured.
3 May he stand by us in our need and in abundance for our wealth:
May he come nigh us with his strength.
4 Whose pair of tawny horses yoked in battles foemen challenge not:
To him, to Indra sing your song.

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5 Nigh to the Soma-drinker come, for his enjoyment, these pure drops,
The Somas mingled with the curd.
6 Thou, grown at once to perfect strength, wast born to drink the Soma juice,
Strong Indra, for preeminence.
7 O Indra, lover of the song, may these quick Somas enter thee:
May they bring bliss to thee the Sage.
8 Our chants of praise have strengthened thee, O Satakratu, and our lauds
So strengthen thee the songs we sing.
9 Indra, whose succour never fails, accept these viands thousandfold,
Wherein all manly powers abide.
10 O Indra, thou who lovest song, let no man hurt our bodies, keep
Slaughter far from us, for thou canst.
[01-006] HYMN VI. Indra.
1 They who stand round him as he moves harness the bright, the ruddy Steed
The lights are shining in the sky.
2 On both sides to the car they yoke the two bay coursers dear to him,
Bold, tawny, bearers of the Chief.
3 Thou, making light where no light was, and form, O men: where form was not,
Wast born together with the Dawns.
4 Thereafter they, as is their wont, threw off the state of' babes unborn,
Assuming sacrificial names.
5 Thou, Indra, with the Tempest-Gods, the breakers down of what is firm '
Foundest the kine even in the cave.
6 Worshipping even as they list, singers laud him who findeth wealth,
The far-renowned, the mighty One.
7 Mayest thou verily be seen coming by fearless Indra's side:
Both joyous, equal in your sheen.
8 With Indra's well beloved hosts, the blameless, hastening to heaven,
The sacrificer cries aloud.
9 Come from this place, O Wanderer, or downward from the light of heaven:
Our songs of praise all yearn for this.
10 Indra we seek to give us help, from here, from heaven above the earth,
Or from the spacious firmament.
[01-007] HYMN VII. Indra.
1 INDRA the singers with high praise, Indra reciters with their lauds,
Indra the choirs have glorified.
2 Indra hath ever close to him his two bay steeds and word-yoked car,
Indra the golden, thunder-armed.
3 Indra hath raised the Sun on high in heaven, that he may see afar:
He burst the mountain for the kine.
4 Help us, O Indra, in the frays, yea, frays, where thousand spoils are gained,
With awful aids, O awful One.
5 In mighty battle we invoke Indra, Indra in lesser fight,
The Friend who bends his bolt at fiends.
6 Unclose, our manly Hero, thou for ever bounteous, yonder cloud,
For us, thou irresistible.
7 Still higher, at each strain of mine, thunder-armed Indra's praises rise:
I find no laud worthy of him.

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8 Even as the bull drives on the herds, he drives the people with his might,
The Ruler irresistible:
9 Indra who rules with single sway men, riches, and the fivefold race
Of those who dwell upon the earth.
10 For your sake from each side we call Indra away from other men:
Ours, and none others', may he be.
[01-008] HYMN VIII. Indra.
1 INDRA, bring wealth that gives delight, the victor's ever-conquering wealth,
Most excellent, to be our aid;
2 By means of which we may repel our foes in battle hand to hand,
By thee assisted with the car.
3 Aided by thee, the thunder-armed, Indra, may we lift up the bolt,
And conquer all our foes in fight.
4 With thee, O India, for ally with missile-darting heroes, may
We conquer our embattled foes.
5 Mighty is Indra, yea supreme; greatness be his, the Thunderer:
Wide as the heaven extends his power
6 Which aideth those to win them sons, who come as heroes to the fight,
Or singers loving holy thoughts.
7 His belly, drinking deepest draughts of Soma, like an ocean swells,
Like wide streams from the cope of heaven.
8 So also is his excellence, great, vigorous, rich in cattle, like
A ripe branch to the worshipper.
9 For verily thy mighty powers, Indra, are saving helps at once
Unto a worshipper like me.
10 So are his lovely gifts; let lauds and praises be to Indra sung,
That he may drink the Soma juice.
[01-009] HYMN IX. Indra.
1 COME, Indra, and delight thee with the juice at all the Soma feasts,
Protector, mighty in thy strength.
2 To Indra pour ye forth thejuice, the active gladdening juice to him
Ile gladdening, oinnific God.
3 O Lord of all men, fair of cheek, rejoice thee in the gladdening lauds,
Present at these drink-offerings.
4 Songs have outpoured themselves to thee, Indra, the strong, the guardian Lord,
And raised themselves unsatisfied.
5 Send to us bounty manifold, O Indra, worthy of' our wish,
For power supreme is only thine.
6 O Indra, stimulate thereto us emulously fain for wealth,
And glorious, O most splendid One.
7 Give, Indra, wide and lofty fame, wealthy in cattle and in strength,
Lasting our life-time, failing not.
8 Grant us high fame, O Indra, grant riches bestowing thousands, those
Fair fruits of earth borne home in wains.
9 Praising with songs the praise-worthy who cometh to our aid, we call
Indra, the Treasure-Lord of wealth.
10 To lofty Indra, dweller by each libation, the pious man
Sings forth aloud a strengthening hymn.

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[01-010] HYMN X. Indra.
1 THE chanters hymn thee, they who say the word of praise magnify thee.
The priests have raised thee up on high, O Satakratu, like a pole.
2 As up he clomb from ridge to ridge and looked upon the toilsome task,
Indra observes this wish of his, and the Rain hastens with his troop.
3 Harness thy pair of strong bay steeds, long-maned, whose bodies fill the girths,
And, Indra, Soma-drinker, come to listen to our songs of praise.
4 Come hither, answer thou the song, sing in approval, cry aloud.
Good Indra, make our prayer succeed, and prosper this our sacrifice.
5 To Indra must a laud be said, to strengthen him who freely gives,
That Sakra may take pleasure in our friendship and drink-offerings.
6 Him, him we seek for friendship, him for riches and heroic might.
For Indra, he is Sakra, he shall aid us while he gives us wealth.
7 Easy to turn and drive away, Indra, is spoil bestowed by thee.
Unclose the stable of the kine, and give us wealth O Thunder-armed
8 The heaven and earth contain thee not, together, in thy wrathful mood.
Win us the waters of the sky, and send us kine abundantly.
9 Hear, thou whose ear is quick, my call; take to thee readily my songs
O Indra, let this laud of mine come nearer even than thy friend.
10 We know thee mightiest of all, in battles hearer of our cry.
Of thee most mighty we invoke the aid that giveth thousandfold.
11 O Indra, Son of Kusika, drink our libation with delight.
Prolong our life anew, and cause the seer to win a thousand gifts.
12 Lover of song, may these our songs on every side encompass thee:
Strengthening thee of lengthened life, may they be dear delights to thee.
[01-011] HYMN XI. Indra.
1 ALL sacred songs have magnified Indra expansive as the sea,
The best of warriors borne on cars, the Lord, the very Lord of strength.
2 Strong in thy friendship, Indra, Lord of power and might, we have no fear.
We glorify with praises thee, the never-conquered conqueror.
3 The gifts of Indra from of' old, his saving succours, never fail,
When to the praise-singers he gives the boon of substance rich in kine.
4 Crusher of forts, the young, the wise, of strength unmeasured, was he born
Sustainer of each sacred rite, Indra, the Thunderer, much-extolled.
5 Lord of the thunder, thou didst burst the cave of Vala rich in cows.
The Gods came pressing to thy side, and free from terror aided thee,
6 I, Hero, through thy bounties am come to the flood addressing thee.
Song-lover, here the singers stand and testify to thee thereof.
7 The wily Susna, Indra! thou o'er-threwest with thy wondrous powers.
The wise beheld this deed of thine: now go beyond their eulogies.
8 Our songs of praise have glorified Indra who ruleth by his might,
Whose precious gifts in thousands come, yea, even more abundantly.
[01-012] HYMN XII. Agni.
I WE choose Agni the messenger, the herald, master of all wealth,
Well skilled in this our sacrifice.
2 With callings ever they invoke Agni, Agni, Lord of the House,
Oblation-bearer, much beloved.

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3 Bring the Gods hither, Agni, born for him who strews the sacred grass:
Thou art our herald, meet for praise.
4 Wake up the willing Gods, since thou, Agni, performest embassage:
Sit on the sacred grass with Gods.
5 O Agni, radiant One, to whom the holy oil is poured, bum up
Our enemies whom fiends protect.
6 By Agni Agni is inflamed, Lord of the House, wise, young, who bears
The gift: the ladle is his mouth.
7 Praise Agni in the sacrifice, the Sage whose ways are ever true,
The God who driveth grief away.
8 God, Agni, be his strong defence who lord of sacrificial gifts,
Worshippeth thee the messenger.
9 Whoso with sacred gift would fain call Agni to the feast of Gods,
O Purifier, favour him.
10 Such, Agni, Purifier, bright, bring hither to our sacrifice,
To our oblation bring the Gods.
11 So lauded by our newest song of praise bring opulence to us,
And food, with heroes for our sons.
12 O Agni, by effulgent flame, by all invokings of the Gods,
Show pleasure in this laud of ours.
[01-013] HYMN XIII. Agni
1 AGNI, well-kindled, bring the Gods for him who offers holy gifts.
Worship them, Purifier, Priest.
2 Son of Thyself, present, O Sage, our sacrifice to the Gods today.
Sweet to the taste, that they may feast.
3 Dear Narasamsa, sweet of tongue, the giver of oblations, I
Invoke to this our sacrifice.
4 Agni, on thy most easy car, glorified, hither bring the Gods:
Manu appointed thee as Priest.
5 Strew, O ye wise, the sacred grass that drips with oil, in order due,
Where the Immortal is beheld.
6 Thrown open be the Doors Divine, unfailing, that assist the rite,
For sacrifice this day and now.
7 I call the lovely Night and Dawn to seat them on the holy grass
At this our solemn sacrifice.
8 The two Invokers I invite, the wise, divine and sweet of tongue,
To celebrate this our sacrifice.
9 Ila, Sarasvati, Mahi, three Goddesses who bring delight,
Be seated, peaceful, on the grass.
10 Tvastar I call, the earliest born, the wearer of all forms at will:
May he be ours and curs alone.
11 God, Sovran of the Wood, present this our oblation to the Gods,
And let the giver be renowned.
12 With Svaha. pay the sacrifice to Indra in the offerer's house:
Thither I call the Deities.
[01-014] HYMN X1V. Visvedevas.
1 To drink the Soma, Agni, come, to our service and our songs.
With all these Gods; and worship them.

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2 The Kanvas have invoked thee; they, O Singer, sing thee songs of praise
Agni, come hither with the Gods;
3 Indra, Vayu, Brhaspati, Mitra, Agni, Pusan, Bhaga,
Adityas, and the Marut host.
4 For you these juices are poured forth that gladden and exhilarate,
The meath-drops resting in the cup.
5 The sons of Kanva fain for help adore thee, having strewn the grass,
With offerings and all things prepared.
6 Let the swift steeds who carry thee, thought-yoked and dropping holy oil,
Bring the Gods to the Soma draught.
7 Adored, the strengtheners of Law, unite them, Agni, with their Dames:
Make them drink meath, O bright of tongue.
8 Let them, O Agni, who deserve worship and praise drink with thy tongue
Tle meath in solemn sacrifice.
9 Away, from the Sun's realm of light, the wise invoking Priest shall bring
All Gods awaking with the dawn.
10 With all the Gods, with Indra, with Vayu, and Mitra's splendours, drink,
Agni, the pleasant Soma juice.
11 Ordained by Manu as our Priest, thou sittest, Agni, at each rite:
Hallow thou this our sacrifice.
12 Harness the Red Mares to thy car, the Bays, O God, the flaming ones:
With those bring hitherward the Gods.
[01-015] HYMN XV. RTU.
1 O INDRA drink the Soma juice with Rtu; let the cheering drops
Sink deep within, which settle there.
2 Drink from the Purifier's cup, Maruts, with Rtu; sanctify
The rite, for ye give precious gifts.
3 O Nestar, with thy Dame accept our sacrifice; with Rtu drink,
For thou art he who giveth wealth.
4 Bring the Gods, Agni; in the three appointed places set them down:
Surround them, and with Rtu drink.
5 Drink Soma after the Rtus, from the Brahmana's bounty: undissolved,
O Indra, is thy friendship's bond.
6 Mitra, Varuna, ye whose ways are firm - a Power that none deceives-,
With Rtu ye have reached the rite.
7 The Soma-pressers, fain for wealth, praise the Wealth-giver in the rite,
In sacrifices praise the God.
8 May the Wealth-giver grant to us riches that shall be far renowned.
These things we gain, among the Gods.
9 He with the Rtu fain would drink, Wealth-giver, from the Nestar's bowl.
Haste, give your offering, and depart.
10 As we this fourth time, Wealth-giver, honour thee with the Rtus, be
A Giver bountiful to us.
11 Drink ye the meath, O Asvins bright with flames, whose acts are pure. who with
Rtus accept the sacrifice.
12 With Rtu, through the house-fire, thou, kind Giver, guidest sacrifice:
Worship the Gods for the pious man.
[01-016] HYMN XVI. Indra.

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1 LET thy Bay Steeds bring thee, the Strong, hither to drink the Soma draughtThose, Indra, who are bright as suns.
2 Here are the grains bedewed with oil: hither let the Bay Coursers bring
Indra upon his easiest car.
3 Indra at early morn we call, Indra in course of sacrifice,
Indra to drink the Soma juice.
4 Come hither, with thy long-maned Steeds, O Indra, to- the draught we pour
We call thee wher, the juice is shed.
5 Come thou to this our song of praise, to the libation poured for thee
Drink of it like a stag athirst.
6 Here are the drops of Soma juice expressed on sacred grass: thereof
Drink, Indra, to increase thy might.
7 Welcome to thee be this our hymn, reaching thy heart, most excellent:
Then drink the Soma juice expressed.
8 To every draught of pressed-out juice Indra, the Vrtra-slayer, comes,
To drink the Soma for delight.
9 Fulfil, O Satakratu, all our wish with horses and with kine:
With holy thoughts we sing thy praise.
[01-017] HYMN XVII Indra-Varuna
1 I CRAVE help from the Imperial Lords, from Indra-Varuna; may they
Both favour one of us like me.
2 Guardians of men, ye ever come with ready succour at the call
Of every singer such as I.
3 Sate you, according to your wish, O Indra-Varuna, with wealth:
Fain would we have you nearest us.
4 May we be sharers of the powers, sharers of the benevolence
Of you who give strength bounteously.
5 Indra and Varuna, among givers of thousands, meet for praise,
Are Powers who merit highest laud.
6 Through their protection may we gain great store of wealth, and heap it up
Enough and still to spare, be ours.
7 O Indra-Varuna, on you for wealth in many a form I call:
Still keep ye us victorious.
8 O Indra-Varuna, - through our songs that seek to win you to ourselves,
Give us at once your sheltering help.
9 O Indra-Varuna, to you may fair praise which I offer come,
joint eulogy which ye dignify.
[01-018] HYMN XVIII. Brahmanaspati.
1 O BRAHMANAPSATI, make him who presses Soma glorious,
Even Kaksivan Ausija.
2 The rich, the healer of disease, who giveth wealth, increaseth store,
The prompt,-may he be with us still.
3 Let not the foeman's curse, let not a mortal's onslaught fall on us
Preserve us, Brahmanaspati.
4 Ne'er is the mortal hero harmed whom Indra, Brahmanaspati,
And Soma graciously inspire.
5 Do, thou, O Brahmanaspati, and Indra, Soma, Daksina,
Preserve that mortal from distress.

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with those Maruts come. him most resolute. prospers. 6 The sacrificial ladle. 5 Brilliant. With the Adityas. wrought newly by the God Tvastar's handFour ladles have ye made thereof. most widely famed. Indra-Agni. Maruts. 1 FOR the Celestial Race this song of praise which gives wealth lavishly Was made by singers with their lips. to each Give wealth. with those Maruts come. devourers of their foes': O Agni. and awful in their form. with the Kings.6 To the Assembly's wondrous Lord. away over the billowy sea: O Agni. to Indra's lovely Friend who gives Wisdom. he promotes the course of sacrifice: Our voice of praise goes to the Gods. 8 As ministering Priests they held. <11> . not to be overcome by might: O Agni. by pious acts they won themselves. [01-020] HYMN XX Rbhus. [01-019] HYMN XIX. I pour the Soma-mingled meath: O Agni. pleased with our eulogies. with the Maruts come. 7 Who scatter clouds about the sky. yea. formed horses harnessed by a word. 7 He without whom no sacrifice. 1 To this fair sacrifice to drink the milky draught thou art invoked: O Agni. 2 No mortal man. made Their Sire and Mother young again. he Stirs up the series of thoughts. 3 They for the two Nasatyas wrought a light car moving every way: They formed a nectar-yielding cow. Attained by works to sacrifice. A share in sacrifice with Gods. 4 The terrible. who know the mighty region of mid-air: O Agni. no God exceeds thy mental power. 8 He makes the oblation prosper. [01-021] HYMN XXI. As 'twere the Household Priest of heaven. 8 Who with their bright beams spread them forth over the ocean in their might O Agni. 7 Vouchsafe us wealth. with those Maruts come. with the Maruts come. 6 Who sit as Deities in heaven. 5 Together came your gladdening drops with Indra by the Maruts girt. with those Maruts come. with their mind. to be thine early draught. 2 They who for Indra. O Mighty one O Agni. 9 I have seen Narasamsa. with the Maruts come 3 All Gods devoid of guile. with those Maruts come. with constant labour. to him who pours thrice seven libations. 1 INDRA and Agni I invoke fain are we for their song of praise Chief Soma-drinkers are they both. mighty. 4 The Rbhus with effectual prayers. who sing their song. e'en of the wise man. above the sky-vault's luminous sphere: O Agni. have I drawn near in prayer. with those Maruts come. honest. 9 For thee. Agni.

O men. with whole wings may they come to us With great protection and with aid. 7 We call on him. hither bring their Spouses. 5 Indra and Agni. Giving good gifts. the best Of charioteers. close-allied. 6 Watch ye. we bid them come to this libation that stands ready here: Indra and Agni. thrice his foot he planted. is beautiful. 2 We call the Asvins Twain. not far. as a God. O Earth. He knoweth. O Asvins. On Savitar who looks on men. Asvins. who reach the heavens. 5 For my protection I invoke the golden-handed Savitar. spread wide before us for a dwelling-place: Vouchsafe us shelter broad and sure. 19 Look ye on Visnu's works. through this your truthfulness. Varunani. 9 O Agni. 4 As ye go thither in your car. the place. the Gods borne in a noble car. and Agnayi hither I invite. crush the fiends: Childless be the devouring ones. 13 May Heaven and Earth. he whom none deceiveth. for the fame Of Mitra. Hotra. praise the Waters' Offspring Savitar: Fain are we for his holy ways. made three steps. 18 Visnu. Hath let his holy ways be seen. 3 Dropping with honey is your whip.2 Praise ye. the Mighty Pair. to drink the Soma juice. 10 Most youthful Agni. [01-022] HYMN XXII Asvins and Others 1 WAKEN the Asvin Pair who yoke their car at early morn: may they Approach to drink this Soma juice. 3 Indra and Agni we invite. bedew for us our sacrifice. Bharati. to the Soma-draught. to the Soma draught. there in the place of spacious view Indra and Agni. For weal. hither bring to us the willing Spouses of the Gods. come to us. whereby the Friend of Indra. and full of pleasantness Sprinkle therewith the sacrifice. and the whole Was gathered in his footstep's dust. 14 Their water rich with fatness. Goddesses. there in the Gandharva's steadfast place. 6 That he may send us succour. distributer of wondrous bounty and of wealth. <12> . 16 The Gods be gracious unto us even from the place whence Visnu strode Through the seven regions of the earth! 17 Through all this world strode Visnu. 15 Thornless be thou. Varutri. send us bliss. and glorify Indra-Agni in the holy rites: Sing praise to them in sacred songs. 4 Strong Gods. friends. mighty Lords of our assembly. the Soma-drinkers. And Tvastar. and seat yourselves Savitar. for aid. thenceforth Establishing his high decrees. 11 Spouses of Heroes. The singers taste through sacred songs. is the home Of him who offers Soma juice. to be praised by us. 8 Come hither. 12 Indrani. the Guardian. Dhisana. And feed us full with nourishments.

14 Pusan the Bright has found the King. Vayu and Others. 21 This. [01-023] HYMN XXIII. 8 Gods. we call to drink the Soma juice: may he Sate him in union with his troop. Lovers of holy song. 7 Indra. and Maruts to the Soma draught. may the Maruts guard us everywhere May they be gracious unto Us. like that of conquerors. 20 Within the Waters-Soma thus hath told me-dwell all balms that heal. 4 Mitra and Varupa. Sisters of priestly ministrants. invoke Indra and Vayu. light up. and Varuna. 17 May Waters gathered near the Sun. 22 Whatever sin is found in me. 3 The singers' for their aid. <13> . bright Pusan. him who bears up heaven. 19 Amrit is in the Waters in the Waters there is healing balm Be swift. O Men. ye Gods. remove it far from me. he who blesseth all. the singers. duly bring to me the six bound closely. distributers of Pusan's gifts. swift as mind. 5 Those who by Law uphold the Law. For passing strong are Prsni's Sons. Oblations to the Streams be given. We call to drink the Soma juice. 6 Let Varuna be our chief defence. Vishnu's station most sublime. ever vigilant. 15 And may he. 16 Along their paths the Mothers go. The Waters hold all medicines. Speed forth this sacrifice of ours. these juices have been mixt with milk: Drink. Hearken ye all unto my cry. 21 O Waters. Laid as it were an eye in heaven.20 The princes evermore behold that loftiest place where Visnu is. 13 Like some lost animal. renowned as Gods of consecrated might. 18 I call the Waters. Indra and Vayu we invoke To drink of this our soma juice. Vayu. through these drops. by Maruts girt. the Lords of thought. drive to us. 1 STRONG are the Somas. Lords of the shining light of Law. If I have lied or falsely sworn. Waters. ye bounteous Gods Let not the wicked master us. And Agni. and those wherewith the Sun is joined. 2 Both Deities who touch the heaven. concealed and bidden in a cave. Mitra I call. let Mitra guard us with all aids Both make us rich exceedingly. 11 Fierce comes the Maruts' thundering voice. come thou nigh. 12 Born of the laughing lightning. whatever evil I have wrought. Marut hosts whom Indra leads. 10 We call the Universal Gods. Who rests on grass of many hues. The thousand-eyed. strike Vrtra down. 9 With conquering Indra for ally. So that I long may see the Sun. Mingling their sweetness with the milk. As one who ploughs with steers brings corn. Resting on many-coloured grass. wherein our cattle quench their thirst. the presented draughts. Goddesses. teem with medicine to keep my body safe from harm. to give them praise. when ye go Forward to victory.

thy worshipper craves this with his oblation. O thou Aditya. of hallowed might. that I may see my Father and my Mother? 2 Agni the God the first among the Immortals. loosen the bonds that bind him. Where no way was he made him set his footstep. and be hidden. highly lauded ere reproach hath fallen on it. Its rays. between. O Varurna. the Lord of precious things. To thy fierce anger when displeased. Nor these the waters that flow on for ever. Put from us e'en the sin we have committed. this with joy they both accept in common: never do they fail The ever-faithful worshipper. 7 Varuna. Varuna. and through the night the Moon moves on in splendor 11 I ask this of thee with my prayer adoring. 12 Nightly and daily this one thing they tell me. May he to whom prayed fettered Sunahsepa. Free from all hatred. stream downward. King. stay thou here and be not angry. to be destroyed by thee in wrath. abaters of the wind's wild fury. O Varuna. I WHATEVER law of thine. Lord of warrior might. know. and warned afar whate'er afflicts the spirit. deep and wide-reaching also be thy favours. sustaineth erect the Tree's stem in the baseless region. in thy hands 5 Through thy protection may we come to even the height of affluence Which Bhaga hath dealt out to us. Varuna and Others. which is laid. <14> . Varuna. 1 WHO now is he. with hymns we bind thy heart. 24 Fill me with splendour. as we are men. Him. that hold me. and to their moisture have we come: O Agni. loosen the bonds of sins by us committed. rich in milk. of whose auspicious name we may bethink us? Who shall to mighty Aditi restore us. O Varuna. 8 King Varuna hath made a spacious pathway. Far from us. a thousand. the Hero. 15 Loosen the bonds. 10 Whither by day depart the constellations that shine at night. wise. and under.23 The Waters I this day have sought. set high in heaven above us? Varuna's holy laws remain unweakened. the Gods Shall know me even as I am. far away drive thou Destruction. oblations. to be appeased. ne'er deccived. 3 To thee. a pathway for the Sun wherein to travel. nor hills. the far-seeing Varuna? 6 This. So in thy holy law may we made sinless belong to Aditi. Deep may they sink within us. as binds The charioteer his tethered horse. He shall to mighty Aditi restore us. may he the Sovran Varuna release us. O thou Wide-Ruler. who helpest us Continually. 13 Bound to three pillars captured Sunahsepa thus to the Aditya made his supplication. loosen the bonds above. [01-024] HYMN XXIV.of his auspicious name let us bethink us. give offspring and length of days. thou King of wide dominion. for our share we come4 Wealth. sacrifices. O King. Varuna. 14 With bending down. that I may see my Father and my Mother. O God. [01-025] HYMN XXV. Agni. 2 give us not as a prey to death. 3 To gain thy mercy. and with thy splendour cover me. 6 Ne'er have those birds that fly through air attained to thy high dominion or thy might or spirit. . and Indra with the Rsis. whose root is high above. 4 They flee from me dispirited. 5 When shall we bring. come thou. what God among Immortals. Him may the Sovran Varuna deliver. 9 A hundred balms are thine. this too the thought of mine own heart repeateth. steal not our life from us. Day after day we violate. O Savitar. we deprecate thine anger: Wise Asura. bent only on obtaining wealths As to their nests the birds of air.

assume thy robes. and. very -wise. Kinsman for kinsman worshippeth. 6 Whate'er in this perpetual course we sacrifice to God and God. 14 The God whom enemies threaten not. As kine unto their pastures move. 2 Sit ever to be chosen. he. be thou glad in this our rite and fellowship: Hearken thou well to these our songs. untie the bond between. 9 He knows the pathway of the wind. His spies are seated found about. 9 And. 18 Now saw I him whom all may see. thou art the King of earth and heaven Hear. as our Priest. 15 He who gives glory to mankind. Mitra. 16 Yearning for the wide-seeing One. Agni. high. hath clad him in a shining robe. be dear to him. I saw his car above the earth: He hath accepted these my songs. he knows the twelve moons with their progeny: He knows the moon of later birth. all. Sovran of the sea. and loose The bonds below. Varuna. Most wise. art Lord of all. most youthful. 17 Once more together let us speak. Nor those whose minds are bent on wrong. that I may live. O wise God. because my meath is brought: priest-like Thou eatest what is dear to thee. 5 O ancient Herald. with bright fires.7 He knows the path of birds that fly through heaven. Aryaman. through our hymns. 11 From thence percerving he beholds all wondrous things. 8 The Gods. Lord of prospering powers. sits there to govern. hear this call of mine: be gracious unto us this day Longing for help I cried to thee. have granted precious wealth to us So. O Immortal One. adored with brilliant fires. He knows the ships that are thereon. And Friend. 1 O WORTHY of oblation. the spreading. To our own bodies giving it. 4 Fiere let the foe-destroyers sit. through our heavenly word. choice-worthy may We. sits down among his people. 21 Release us from the upper bond. and mighty wind He knows the Gods who dwell above. 12 May that Aditya. <15> . 8 True to his holy law. 13 Varuna. choice-worthy. wearing golden mail. for his friend. 10 Varuna. And offer this our sacrifice. [01-026] HYMN XXVI. not glory that is incomplete.. 19 Varuna. nor those who tyrannize o'er men. And what hereafter will be done. true to holy law. Like men. upon our sacred grass. both what hath been. Priest. with bright fires. 20 Thou. make fair paths for us all our days: May lie prolong our lives for us. O Agni. my thoughts move onward unto him. That gift is offered up in thee 7 May he be our dear household Lord. 3 For here a Father for his son. pleasant and. as thou goest on thy way. we pray to thee. so may the eulogies of mortal men Belong to us and thee alike.

nigh. resplendent One. both swift. do thou. like broad hips. 10 Help. 7 That man is lord of endless strength whom thou protectest in the fight. <16> . Who pours his gifts like rain. 8 Ye Sovrans of the Forest. And with the singers win the spoil. drink with eager thirst the droppings which the mortar sheds. 12 Like some rich Lord of men may he. thou who knowest lauds. no man may vanquish. 1 WITH worship will I glorify thee. [01-028] HYMN XXVIII Indra. for Indra press thou forth the Soma juice that he may drink. 8 Him. Agni. as with waves of Sindhu. 11 May this our God. bringer of great felicity. 4 Where. drink with eager thirst the droppings which the mortar sheds. thou Swift streamest to the worshipper. ye Gods. O Sacrificial Implements. or urgest to the fray. O Son of Strength. 4 O Agni. loud as the drum of conquerors. 2 May the far-striding Son of Strength. O Agni. 9 May he who dwells with all mankind bear us with war-steeds through the fight. Refulgent. like a long-tailed steed. 3 Lord of all life. smoke-bannered excellently bright. drink with eager thirst the droppings which the mortar sheds. Agni the banner of the Gods. 5 Give us a share of strength most high. O Mortar thou art set for work. And this our newest song of praise. Agni. this work. from near. O Indra. O Indra. mighty One: Nay. hear us through our lauds. pay the God worship: no better prayer than this. 5 If of a truth in every house. [01-027] HYMN XXVII. Agni. 6 O Sovran of the Forest. with swift pressers press to-day Sweet Soma juice for Indra's drink. a share of strength that is below. limitless. Imperial Lord of sacred rites. 7 Best strength-givers. ye stretch wide jaws. very glorious power is his. Here give thou forth thy clearest sound. Etc. 3 There where the woman marks and leans the pestle's constant rise and fall. 6 Thou dealest gifts. 1 THERE where the broad-based stone raised on high to press the juices out. and on the ox-hide set the dregs. 2 Where. him Adorable in every house. as the wind blows soft in front of thee. from far. find pleasure in this our sacrifice. as with reins to guide a horse. if we have power. O Indra. acknowledge. whosoever he may be. O Agni evermore Protect us from the sinful man. 9 Take up in beakers what remains: the Soma on the filter pour. 13 Glory to Gods. drink with eager thirst the droppings which the mortar sheds. graciously announce this our oblation to the Gods. Like two bay horses champing herbs. And this our speech. Mortar. be ours. Urge us to strength and holy thought. they bind the churning-staff with cords. A share of strength that is between. the mighty and the lesser glory to Gods the younger and the elder! Let us. great. to hold the juice the platters of the press are laid. this eulogy to Rudra.10 With all thy fires. O Indra.

O Indra. to wake no more.[01-029] HYMN XXIX. 8 If he will hear us let him come with succour of a thousand kinds. 4 Hero. And all that strengthens. thus. Friend of our lovely-featured dames And of our Soma-drinking friends. O most wealthy One. 2 O Lord of Strength. In thousands. 5 Destroy this ass. 10 We pray to thee. may it be. 12 Thus. give us. [01-030] HYMN XXX. O most wealthy One. whose jaws are strong. even as down a depth. praised in hymns. as turns a pigeon to his mate: Thou carest too for this our prayer. O most wealthy One.. 6 Far distant on the forest fall the tempest in a circling course! Do thou. O Indra. Lord of Bounties. Soma-drinker. O Indra. In thousands. may power and joyfulness Be his who sings the laud to thee. give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine. O most wealthy One. O most wealthy One. give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine. Thee whom my sire invoked of old. and destroy him who in secret injures us: Do thou. rich in all strengthening things wherewith. to him. give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine. O most wealthy One. utterly hopeless though we be. 9 I call him mighty to resist. 13 With Indra splendid feasts be ours. help of beauteous horses and of kine. In thousands. 1 WE seeking strength with Soma-drops fill full your Indra like a well. 1 O SOMA DRINKER. to our call. Friend. the pair who on each other look Do thou. 3 When for the strong. act To aid each wish as we desire. 7 Slay each reviler. 5 O Hero. let hostile spirits sleep. In thousands. and every gentler genius wake: Do thou. 2 Who lets a hundred of the pure. O Indra. Thou drawest near. In thousands. in every fray we call as friends to succour us Indra the mightiest of all. like the sea. rich in all prccious gifts. O Indra. 3 Lull thou asleep. <17> . 4 This is thine own. a thousand of the milk-blent draughts Flow. who wieldest thunder. O Indra. Thunder-armed. great deeds are thine. Indra. 11 O Soma-drinker. O most wealthy One. who in tones discordant brays to thee: Do thou. Do thou. O Friend. Kind God to those who sing thy praise. Lord of Hundred Powers. O much-invoked. Indra. the powerful: Do thou. give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine. O Indra. In thousands. stand up to lend us succour in this fight In others too let us agree. the rapturous joy he in this manner hath made room Within his belly. Most liberal. 6 Lord of a Hundred Powers. give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine In thousands. O Indra. the Hero of our ancient home. give us hope of beauteous horses and of kine. 7 In every need. ever true.

Red-hued and like a dappled mare. with enduring strength wealthy in horses and in kine. 3 To Matarisvan first thou. a God among the Gods. 12 Worthy to be revered. be the singer's Providence: all good things hast thou sown for him. thou savest in the synod when pursued e'en him. come thou with these thy strengthenings. O Earth and Heaven. the axle of the car. ye of mighty acts. 1 Thou. thousand treasures. be watchful for our good. wast the earliest Angiras. And send thou riches down to us. thou art our Providence. highly lauded. as it were. God. what time a Son was born to the father of my race. and let us too receive it. Asvins. when the heroes fight for spoil which men rush. to the west. resting in many a place for sake of living man. The other round the sky revolves. Sprung from two mothers. in the sea. in thee. have the Gods made the first living One for living man. Former of bodies. wise. O Aivins. and. rich in good heroes. 22 Hither. to be invoked by him who lifts the ladle up. When thou art rapidly freed from thy parents. O radiant. Satakratu. sage. fulfillest as a Sage the holy law of Gods. after. O infallible! 11 Thee. thou wast. immortal. auspicious One! 10 Agni. 4 Agni thou madest heaven to thunder for mankind. 2 O Agni. Well knowing the oblation with the hallowing word. 9 O blameless Agni lying in thy Parents' lap. thyself. a Seer. 7 For glory. O ye of wondrous deeds. 5 Thou. and ourselves. didst worship mighty Gods. through all existence spread. wast disclosed. thou lightenest first our folk 6 Agni. 18 Your chariot yoked for both alike. Ila they made the teacher of the sons of men. besought. meet hundred. Travels. we may rejoice. slayest in war the many by the hands of few. dost thou go? 21 For we have had thee in our thoughts whether anear or far away. round. Heaven and Earth. Thou. and to Vivasvan through thy noble inward power.we are thy brethren and thou art our spring of life. And gold. art a Bull who makes our store increase. Bold One. with all the Gods. O Agni. After thy holy ordinance the Maruts. protect us. Lord of the house of Nahusa. enjoyeth thee? Where lovest thou? To whom. thou. uniting all who live. yet more pious. thou liftest up the mortal man to highest immortality. O Daughter of the Sky. day by day. 16 With champing. the Gods' auspicious Friend. for pious Pururavas. were born. 17 Come. our Father thou . active through wisdom. Even thou who yearning for both races givest them great bliss. guard of high decrees. Agni. Vasu! shook at the choosing of the Priest: the burthen thou didst bear. 19 High on the forehead of the Bull one chariot wheel ye ever keep. 15 That. as it were. first eastward they bear thee round. Agni. Agni. 20 What mortal. -with their glittering spears.Wealthy in food. Agni. neighing loudly-snorting horses Indra hath ever won himself great treasures A car of gold hath he whose deeds are wondrous received from us. <18> . Agni. farseeing One! who walks in evil ways. 8 O Agni. 14 Like thee. Agni. Stirrest the axle with thy strength. the singers' Friend. a God thyself. and to the prince grantest abundant food. thou to grace and please thy praisers. preserve our wealthy patrons with thy succours. O immortal Dawn. thou. [01-031] HYMN XXXI. make our singer famous that he may win us store of riches: May we improve the rite with new performance. the best and earliest Angiras. thou movest.

what time the axe hath felled them. With fond heart thou acceptest e'en the poor man's prayer. the waters taking courage flow above him. when he had smitten Vrtra. challenged Indra. who speedest nigh and who inspirest mortals. caring for the pious. Like lowing kine in rapid flow descending the waters glided downward to the ocean. low on the earth so lies the prostrate Dragon. strengthened. the son was under and like a cow beside her calf lay Danu. the great impetuous many-slaying Hero. He. to increasing riches. this sin of ours. he chose the Soma and in three sacred beakers drank the juices. Thou hast won back the kine. The mother was above. But he. The Dragon lies beneath the feet of torrents which Vrtra with his greatness had encompassed. caring even for the weak. the Thunder-wielder. the first that he achieved. Angiras. Indra. the man who giveth guerdon to the priests. thou art a guard close to the pious man. nothing thunder. aiding our cows to bear. smote on thy bolt. and wisest. and smote to death this firstborn of the dragons. Maghavan grasped the thunder for his weapon. 6 He. and offer what they love. like well-sewn armour thou guardest on every side. 4 When. 17 As erst to Manus. O Agni. Then. 18 By this our prayer be thou. and cleft the channels of the mountain torrents. 5 Indra with his own great and deadly thunder smote into pieces Vrtra. widely straying. As trunks of trees. 11 Guarded by Ahi stood the thralls of Dasas. brooking not the clashing of the weapons. 13 Nothing availed him lightning. 16 Pardon. God without a second. the object of a man's desire. endow us with thy strength-bestowing favour. -. Emasculate yet claiming manly vigour. Over all living men he rules as Sovran. Dear Friend and Father. hast won the Soma. then disclosed the waters. O Agni. Indra.the path which we have trodden. Lead thou us. the Thunder-wielder. He who with grateful food shows kindness in his house. Maghavan gained the victory for ever. is the type of heaven. of creatures tame and horned. prayer made by us after our power and knowledge. thou hadst slain the dragon's firstborn. worst of Vrtras. The waters bear off Vrtra's nameless body: the foe of Indra sank to during darkness. kindled art thou. like a mad weak warrior. four-eyed! for him who is unarmcd. 1 I WILL declare the manly deeds of Indra. like a hawk affrighted through the regions. to the simple one thou teachest lore. Indra. 3 Impetuous as a bull. He slew the Dragon. That. 8 There as he lies like a bank-bursting river. thou hast let loose to flow the Seven Rivers. to Yayiti. containing all as spokes within the felly. 14 Thou. and overcome the charms of the enchanters. O Indra. 7 Footless and handless still he challenged Indra. giving life to Sun and Dawn and Heaven. Agni gainest for the loudly-praising priest the highest wealth. 2 He slew the Dragon lying on the mountain: his heavenly bolt of thunder Tvastar fashioned. 9 Then humbled was the strength of Vrtra's mother: Indra hath cast his deadly bolt against her. hailstorm or mist which had spread around him: When Indra and the Dragon strove in battle. who smote him with his bolt between the shoulders. 12 A horse's tail wast thou when he. that fear possessed thy heart when thou hadst slain him. incessantly protecting in thy holy way. 13 Agni. therefore. [01-032] HYMN XXXII. thus Vrtra lay with scattered limbs dissevered. so Angiras! pure Agni! come thou to our hall Bring hither the celestial host and seat them here upon the sacred grass. opened the cave wherein the floods had been imprisoned.Guard of our seed art thou. crushed-Indra's foe-the shattered forts in falling. thou foundest not one foe to stand against thee. we pray. when he hath brought his gift to gain security. 14 Whom sawest thou to avenge the Dragon. Thou art called Father. thou. the waters stayed like kine held by the robber. an offerer to the living. 10 Rolled in the midst of never-ceasing currents flowing without a rest for ever onward. thou crossedst nine-and-ninety flowing rivers? 15 Indra is King of all that moves and moves not. <19> . 15 Agni.

thrice assist our thoughts. and Suspa with his horn he cut to pieces: Thou. 5 Fighting with pious worshippers. 12 Indra broke through Ilibisa's strong castles. bring us what shall make us glad. 14 Indra. at evening. 4 Thrice come ye to our home. [01-034] HYMN XXXIV. 1 Come. 3 Mid all his host. alone. they o'ercame not Indra: their spies he compassed with the Sun of morning. fierce Lord of the Bay Steeds. thrice triply aid the man who well deserves your help. scattered. Then Indra. Maghavan. as to a cloak in winter. his sharp bull he rent their forts in pieces.[01-033] HYMN XXXIII. 4 Thou slewest with thy bolt the wealthy Dasyu. he bindeth on the quiver he driveth cattle from what foe he pleaseth: Gathering up great store of riches. thrice by day. and with its light milked cows from out the darkness. by steep paths from Indra. O Asvins. Although they hastened. on every side surrounded with thy greatness. O ye Asvins. and guardedst brave Dagadyu when he battled. Will not the Indestructible endow us with perfect knowledge of this wealth. the ancient riteless ones fled to destruction. 9 As thou enjoyest heaven and earth. with his spirit concentrated. O Maghavan thou helpest in combat for the land. To you. With fairest hymns of praise adoring Indra. bring to us abundant wealth: thrice in the Gods' assembly. Thrice. and Svitri's son stood up again for conquest. we cleave close: you are to be drawn nigh unto us by the wise. thrice to the righteous folk. The Dasyu thou hast burned from heaven. be thou no trafficker with us. He with his thunderbolt dealt blows on Vrtra. <20> . thou hast o'erthrown them. O ye Asvins. they o'er the earth a covering veil extended. blewest from earth and heaven and sky the godless. for all his might and swiftness. When thou. Indra. Asvins and your course. O Indra. most mighty. mid Tugra's houses. 1 Ye who observe this day be with us even thrice: far-stretching is you bounty. 15 Svitra's mild steer. fled. that travels after Soma's loved one. Asvins. The dust of trampling horses rose to heaven. slewest thy fighting foeman with thy thunder 13 Fierce on his enemies fell Indra's weapon: with. of cattle? 2 I fly to him invisible Wealth-giver as flies the falcon to his cherished eyrie. O Indra. O ye Asvins. then the Navagvas put forth all their power. he raid the navigable streams waxed mighty. and those who worship not with those who worship. 7 Whether they weep or laugh. sprinkle ye thrice to-day our sacrifice with meath. Long stood they there before the task was ended: thou wast the master of the foemen's treasure. 11 The waters flowed according to their nature. smote him for ever with his strongest weapon. Indra. like emasculates with men contending. ye Gods who banish want. 10 They who pervaded earth's extremest limit subdued not with their charms the Wealth-bestower: Indra. Three are the pillars set upon it for support: thrice journey ye by night. Indra! with averted faces. Indra! Far from the floor of heaven in all directions. 5 Thrice. and welcomed the prayer of him who pours the juice and lauds thee. 8 Adorned with their array of gold and jewels. 2 Three are the fellies in your honey-bearing car. and conquered. 3 Thrice in the self-same day. executing all his purpose. And thrice vouchsafe us store of food with plenteous strength. They. on the sky's extremest limit. and at break of day. So thou with priests bast blown away the Dasyu. whom those who laud him must invoke in battle. the Bull. yet going with thy helpers. fain for booty let us seek to Indra: yet more shall he increase his care that guides us. the Stayer. thou helpest Kutsa whom thou lovedst. conscious. made his ally the thunder. as all know. thrice send us store of food as nevermore to fail. 6 They met in fight the army of the blameless. the riteless turned and fled.

come by those paths so fair to travel. giving choice treasures unto him who worships. your car. 1 WITH words sent forth in holy hymns. and bless us. Nasatyas? 10 Nasatyas. all men. 5 Drawing the gold-yoked car his Bays. three are the jars. 6 Thrice. <21> . O ye Asvins. with the Seven Mother Streams. divine One. I call on Night who gives rest to all moving life. As on a linch-pin. all beings have their place for ever. the home of heroes. bring us present prosperity with noble offspring. 9 The golden-handed Savitar. strong of wing. Driving off Raksasas and Yatudhanas. to the drinking of the meath. for the Sun's daughter hath mounted your threewheeled car. Make long our days of life. and chases from us all distress and sorrow. goes on his way between the earth and heaven. to bring you to our sacrifice. fraught with oil. the Lord Of many families who duly serve the Gods. Asvins. with golden pole. kind Leader. laying to rest the immortal and the mortal. Savitar the holy. rest things immortal: he who hath known it let him here declare it. triple protection. where are the three seats thereto firmly fastened? When will ye yoke the mighty ass that draws it. thine ancient dustless pathways are well established in the air's midregion: O God. like vital air to bodies. preserve thou us from harm this day. far-seeing. God who looks on every creature. 12 Borne in your triple car. to aid us here. the triple offering is prepared. O Nasatyas. Agni we supplicate. 10 May he. Agni. I call on Mitra. him whom others also praise. 8 Thrice. he journeys. thrice those of earth and thrice those that the waters hold. grant ye us prosperity. 11 O Savitar. Savitar. [01-036] HYMN XXXVI. O ye Asvins. O ye Asvins. O ye Nasatyas. Varuna. bids the Sun approach us. three desert regions and the Seven Rivers. I cry to you who hear me for protection be ye our helpers where men win the booty. bearing power and might. 2 Throughout the dusky firmament advancing. [01-035] HYMN XXXV. two Savitar's. 2 Men have won Agni. with oblations. Three are the worlds. and spreads the bright sky through the darksome region. God Savitar the gold-eyed hath come hither. ye travel around the earth. O Asvins. the God is present. worship thee. white-footed.Thrice. and moving on above the sky ye guard the firm-set vault of heaven through days and nights. drink the sweet juice with lips that know the sweetness well. and wipe out all our sins: ward off our enemies. come ye to the three. Held in the lap of Savitar. Car-borne from far away. adjacent: in Yama's world is one. 3 The God moves by the upward path. have manifested light to all the peoples. yea. Drives away sickness. 7 He. be with us evermore. Lords of Splendour. 1 AGNI I first invoke for our prosperity. various-coloured. 6 Three heavens there are. Borne in his golden chariot he cometh. firm. deep-quivering Asura. where is one to tell us to what celestial sphere his ray hath wandered? 8 The earth's eight points his brightness hath illumined. gold-handed Asura. lofty. I call on Savitar the God to lend us help. Savitar sends. Where now is Surya. before the dawn of day. of various colours. 11 Come. come hither to us with his help and favour. Savitar. Savitar comes. for darksome regions. grant to us the heavenly medicines. come. come: the sacred gift is offered up. Favour and health and strength bestow upon my son. 7 Thrice are ye to be worshipped day by day by us: thrice. with the thrice-eleven Gods. the gentle Leader. the downward. the God hath mounted. come. hath lightened up the regions. grant to him. him who makes their strength abound: we. with two bright Bays. The many-rayed One. thrice grant us fame. praised in hymns at evening. 9 Where are the three wheels of your triple chariot. the God from the far distance. bound. 4 His chariot decked with pearl. adorable. to our sacrifice.

Worthy of sacred food. ruddy and beautiful to see. as though 'twere close at hand. Maruts. 13 Stand up erect to lend us aid. to subdue the foe. worship thou our Gods. Him these our songs of praise. this day. with unguents and with priests. <22> . . Raise thou us up that we may walk and live. 12 Make our wealth perfect thou. the auspicious One. Let not the man who plots against us in the night. him. 19 Manu hath stablished thee a light. 3 One hears. Agni. we extol: his powers shine out preeminent. The flames of thee the mighty are spread wide around: thy splendour reaches to the sky. and glittering ornaments.Our gracious-minded Helper in our deeds of might. 17 Agni hath given heroic might to Kainva. Lord of the House. from the fiend. Agni. meet in thee. the cracking of the whips they hold They gather glory on their way. not to be approached. The fiercely-vigorous. smite thou the wicked. for our Priest. Save us from him who fain would injure us or slay. 7 To him in his own splendour bright draw near in worship the devout. gains through thee all wealth. from afar. for Kanva hast thou blazed. O Agni.Varuna. when. Most Youthful. and felicity: Agni hath helped our friends. whom. gracious. Whom Kanva. 15 Preserve us. gathered together. for all the race of men: Sprung from the Law. thou whom the people reverence. consume thou each devouring fiend. whom Medhyatithi made the source of wealth. thou who hast fire for teeth. The glorious Bull. 14 Erect. whom Kanva kindled for his rite. Sporting. with thy flame burn thou each ravening demon dead. thou with lofty light. the strong. O Excellent. that we may have heroic sons. Turvasa. for thou art mighty. 6 In thee. 20 The flames of Agni full of splendour and of might are fearful. 9 Seat thee. youthfullest. hath helped Upastuta to win. Mitra. thee. whom Medhyatithi. Yadu. victorious o'er the enemies. self-luminous. 4 Now sing ye forth the God-given hymn to your exultant Marut host. Men kindle Agni with their sacrificial gifts. best entertainer of the Gods. 6 Who is your mightiest. who hath poured offerings unto thee. preserve us from malicious wrong. stand up like Savitar the God: Erect as strength-bestower we call aloud. Turviti. 1 SING forth. 11 Him. oil-fed. hath helped Medhyitithi. Spears. O Agni. Lord divine: for thou hast kinship with the Gods. to your band of Maruts unassailable. for 'tis the Maruts' sportive band: It strengthened as it drank the rain. resplendent on their car 2 They who. Agni. Thou rulest as a King o'er widely-famous strength: be good to us. O Kanvas. the Gods for Manu's sake ordained. and made the earth and heaven and firmament a wide abode. were born together. 5 Thou. the Omniscient. 18 We call on Ugradeva. O Agni. 5 Praise ye the Bull among the cows. and Vrsan and Upastuta. Agni. 16 Smite down as with a club. best sacrificing Priest. 3 Thee for our messenger we choose. nor any foe prevail o'er us. preserve us from sore trouble. Consume for ever all demons and sorcerers. and after. hath stood at Kanva's side: loud neighed the Steed in frays for kine. 10 Bearer of offerings. praised Agni! loose the smoke. bring Navavastva and Brhadratba. men's messenger: All constant high decrees established by the Gods. with the spotted deer. 8 Vrtra they smote and slew. so thou shalt find our worship mid the Gods. Agni. O shakers of the earth and heaven. be thou. Heroes. That mortal man. right and left. Agni. for thou art great. each sacred gift is offered up: This day. art a cheering Priest. [01-037] HYMN XXXVII. invoked. Aryaman. 4 The Gods enkindle thee their ancient messenger. by means of Agni. shine. swords. on thee.

the Singers. Nor should he go on Yama's path. as your strength is great. Him who is fair as Mitra is. 13 Invite thou hither with this song. O ye Maruts. We are their servants evermore. depart from us. even twice enough. ye the Sons whom Prsni bore. steady your horses and your cars. 6 Let not destructive plague on plague hard to be conquered. motherlike. on the ways they go. haste Along the bright embanked streams. 13 The while the Maruts pass along. So have ye made the mountains fall. So that the kine must walk knee-deep. so have ye cast men down on earth. and Immortal he who sings your praise. Long. Yea. they the fierce and mighty Sons of Rudra send their windless Rain e'en on the desert places. 12 Firm be the fellies of your wheels. they drop this offspring of the cloud.Ye shake them like a garment's hem? 7 At your approach man holds him down before the fury of your wrath: The rugged-jointed mountain yields. they talk together on the way: Doth any hear them as they speak? 14 Come quick with swift steeds. and not on earth? Where do your cows disport themselves? 3 Where are your newest favours shown? Where. praiseworthy. Agni the Lord of Prayer. unhindered in their courses. When their rain-flood hath been loosened. Gods. 11 O Maruts. 10 O Maruts. strength. 10 And these. 8 Like a cow the lightning lows and follows. with drought. vigorous: <23> . I WHAT now? When will ye take us by both hands. And each man reels who dwells therein. And may your reins be fashioned well. 15 Sing glory to the Marut host. 8 They at whose racings forth the earth. for ye have worshippers among Kanva's sons May you rejoice among them well. broad. Maruts. strike its down: Let each. your prosperity? Where all your high felicities? 4 If. like an age-weakened lord of men. tuneful. for whom sacred grass is clipped? 2 Now whither? To what goal of yours go ye in heaven. To live as long as life may last. in their racings have enlarged the bounds. as a dear sire his son. for praise. and inexhaustible. 15 All is prepared for your delight. 14 Form in thy mouth the hymn of praise expand thee like. a rainy cloud Sing forth the measured eulogy. Maruts. with your strong-hoofed steeds. at your voice's sound this earthly habitation shakes. is theirs. 11 Before them. With the water-laden rain-cloud. her youngling. 7 Truly. 12 O Maruts. Trembles in terror on their ways. the Sons. were mortal. [01-038] HYMN XXXVIII. 9 Strong is their birth: vigour have they to issue from their Mother. 5 Then never were your praiser loathed like a wild beast in pasture-land. 9 When they inundate the earth they spread forth darkness e'en in day time.

The excellently wise. graciously accept this word. 5 They make the mountains rock and reel. may this man who loves you well obtain wealth of good steeds and hero might. O Maruts. Wherein Indra and Varuna. May they who give good gifts. have made their dwelling place. O Maruts. Aryaman. to bid defiance even now. firm for resistance let them be. Gods! recite that hymn. they rend the forest-kings apart. 3 When what is strong ye overthrow. Indra. ye cast your measure forth. O Maruts. as with full hands. lover of mankind. 6 May we in holy synods. O Bounteous Ones. not as a guileful mortal's strength. the Gods. as lightning flashes seek the rain. Mitra. 10 Whole strength have ye. 8 Should any monstrous foe. perfect. 7 O Rudras. ye. Yea. like creatures drunk with wine. have guarded Kanva perfectly. against the poet's wrathful enemy send ye an enemy like a dart. 7 Who shall approach the pious? who the man whose sacred grass is trimmed? The offerer with his folk advances more and more: he fills his house with precious things. Come to us with your aid as in the days of old. with kings he slays: e'en mid alarms he dwells secure In great or lesser fight none checks him. may the strength. If you. may Sunrta the Goddess come. and men were sorely terrified. Gods with all your company.Here let the Strong Ones dwell with us. be yours. Aryaman. Adityas. 6 Ye to your chariot have yoked the spotted deer: a red deer. onward. Even the Earth herself listened as ye came near. 2 O Son of Strength. no enemy of yours is found in heaven or on the earth: Ye Rudras. easy for him who seeks the Law: <24> . 4 Thornless. and through the fissures of the rocks. drive. to whom. from far away. Mitra. peerless and conquering easily. most swift. stand up: God-serving men we pray to thee. that brings felicity. To whom go Ye. 1 WHEN thus. 9 For ye. the worshipful and wise. 2 He prospers ever. whom they. Heroes. passing glorious must be your warrior might. O shakers of the earth. your course is through the forest trees of earth. come to us. Maruts. 8 He amplifies his lordly might. 1 NE'ER is he injured whom the Gods Varuna. draws. earth-shakers. And lead him safely o'er distress. may it obtain all bliss from you. enrich. protect. whose design? 2 Strong let your weapons be to drive away your foes. 3 May Brahmanaspati draw nigh. is your might. moved by whose wisdom. the Maruts. Whom they preserve from every foe.-the wielder of the thunderbolt. like flame. And Gods bring to this rite which gives the five-fold gift the Hero. ye Maruts. 4 He who bestows a noble guerdon on the priest wins fame that never shall decay. [01-041] HYMN XLI. so now for frightened Kanva's sake. free from scathe. come to us with full protecting help. Brahmanaspati 1 O BRAMANASPATI. and whirl about each ponderous thing. Aryaman. 5 Now Brahmanaspati speaks forth aloud the solemn hymn of praise. none subdues. For him we offer sacred hero-giving food. is the path. Maruts. sent by you or sent by mortals threaten us. quickly we desire your succour for this work of ours. held in this bond. 3 The Kings drive far away from him his troubles and his enemies. peerless. as a leader. Mitra. Tear ye him from us with your power and with your might. Varuna. be thou with them. 4 Consumers of your foes. O Heroes. [01-040] HYMN XL. and with the succours that are yours. [01-039] HYMN XXXIX Maruts. each mortal calls to thee for aid when spoil of battle waits for him.

find thou power for this. The great renown of mighty chiefs. 7 Past all pursuers lead us. Make riches easy to be won. set thou upon us the glory of a hundred men. gains wealth and every precious thing. 3 That Mitra and that Varuna. of hymns and balmy medicines. our kine. find thou power for this. Lord of all prosperity. feed us. him we magnify with songs of praise: We seek the Mighty One for wealth. ye Heroes guide by the path direct. To men. Wonder-Worker. 2 Drive. [01-043] HYMN XLIII. best wielder of the golden sword. strong. O Pusan. 9 Let him not love to speak ill words: but fear the One who holds all four Within his hand. 4 Tread with thy foot and trample out the firebrand of the wicked one. That shall be dearest to his heart? 2 That Aditi may grant the grace of Rudra to our folk. ever unsubdued. move aside obstruction in the path: Go close before us. 6 May he grant health into our steeds. cloud-born God. Our cattle and our progeny. The good. hinder us.May that come nigh unto your thought. Pusan. Rudra. Glorious food of Varuna? 8 I point not out to you a man who strikes the pious. 6 So. that Rudra may remember us. or reviles: Only with hymns I call you nigh. give. until they fall. 10 No blame have we for Pusan. I SHORTEN our ways. 1 WHAT shall we sing to Rudra. from our road the wolf. refulgent as bright gold is he. 5 He shines in splendour like the Sun. 8 Let not malignities. 5 What sacrifice. nor those who trouble Soma. fill us full. make pleasant our path and fair to tread: O Pusan. 7 O Soma. whoe'er he be. the best among the Gods. excellently wise. 6 That mortal. The double-tongued. And children also of his own.With him is naught to anger you. the robber with a guileful heart: Far from the road chase him away. 7 How. 5 Wise Pusan. my friends. we claim of thee now the aid wherewith Thou furtheredst our sires of old. Adityas. 8 Lead us to meadows rich in grass: send on our way no early heat: O Pusan. wellbeing to our rams and ewes. find thou power for this. [01-042] HYMN XLII. We pray for joy and health and strength. 4 To Rudra Lord of sacrifice. and invigorate: O Pusan. Pusan. Who lies in Wait to injure us. all the Gods with one accord. 9 Be gracious to us. the wicked inauspicious wolf. shall we prepare Aryaman's and Mitra's laud. <25> . Yea. 3 Who lurks about the path we take. to women. and to kine. most bounteous.

hasten to the feast. These eulogies. Angiras. O Agni. Agni. the Friend of inan. 5 Hear thou. preserver. Immortal. honey-tongued. [01-045] HYMN XLV Agni. 6 Tell good things to thy praiser. 11 Like Manu. deathless nourisher of the world. show honour to the Heavenly Host. at break of day glory of sacrificial rites. Agni. I beseech at dawn that he may bring the Gods to us. dear to the men who offer gifts. richly worshipped guest. 5 Thee. the great high priest in sacrifice. the Kanvas light thee. best at sacrifice. 7 For the men. 9 Soma! head. 12 When as the Gods' High Priest.seeking betimes our rite. thou many-hued fulgent gift of Dawn. Bhaga. roar aloud. <26> . 4 Him noblest and most youthful. meet for sacred food. who lovest song. Atri. seat them upon the sacred grass. [01-044] HYMN XLIV. ministering Priest. the Gods who understand give ear unto the worshipper: Lord of Red Steeds. Singers have stablished in their rites Herald and ministering Priest. And. all visible. Then. Agni! here. with all thy train of escort Gods. we will stablish thee. offering-bearer. 9 For. I WORSHIP the Vasus. I IMMORTAL Jatavedas. 10 Thou shonest forth. Agni. in their homes Men call on thee whose hair is flame. Virupa. hear our praise. bring thou those Three-and-Thirty Gods. the Adityas. like the far-resounding billows of the flood. Agni Jatavedas. Agni. great in act. after former dawns. at night. Children of thee Immortal. who bountiUly give. Agni. hearken thou to Praskanva's call. Agni. 8 Singers with Soma pressed have made thee. love these. 8 At dawn of day. the oblation-wafting God. Aryaman. granting to Praskanva lengthened days of life. As Priyamedha erst was heard. Usas and Savitar. kindle thee as all possessor and as Priest. 3 O Jatavedas. this day to him who pays oblations bring the Gods who waken with the morn. Let Mitra. 2 Agni. central point. best to find out wealth. Smoke-bannered spreader of the light. Soma! know these as serving thee. 14 Let those who strengthen Law. the life-tongued Maruts. Agni.. 7 Thee.Indu. all Who spring from Manu. the Rudras. this day to drink the Soma juice. bring hither with all speed the Gods. O rich in light. 4 The sons of Priyamedha skilled in lofty praise have called for help On Agni who with fulgent flame is Ruler of all holy rites. by many loved. 3 As messenger we choose to-day Agni the good whom many love. at the highest place of holy law. will I glorify. who pour their blessings down. performer of the rite. Agni's self: Skilled in fair rites. Invoker. who hast ears to hear. bountiful giver of rewards. as richly worshipped. invoked withholy oil. 6 O Agni. whereby the sons of Kanva call thee to their aid. the Asvins. O most youthful God. thou of fame most wondrous. quick to hear. Lord of sacrifice and messenger of men art thou: Bring thou the Gods who wake at dawn who see the light. O Agni. 13 Heat-. the excellently wise. give us a share of strength. drink the Soma juice. May Law-supporting Varuna with the Asvins twain and Usas. Him. Agni. most widely famous. much-invoked. those who know fair rites. to be the bearer of their gifts. exceeding wise. 2 For thou art offering-bearer and loved messenger. loved by many. Thou art our help in battle-strife. with Soma poured. the charioteer of sacrifice: Accordant with the Asvins and with Dawn grant us heroic strength and lofty fame. Agni. thou dost their mission as their nearest Friend. the swift immortal messenger. So Agni. thy flames.

for you who strengthen Law this sweetest Soma hath been shed. 6 O Mighty Ones. thinking of our words: Drink boldly of the Soma juice. <27> . May through the darkness carry us. bounteous. ye gave Sudas abundant food. the wealth is at the waters' place: Where will ye manifest your form? 10 Light came to lighten up the branch. [01-047] HYMN XLVlI. 5 O Asvins. 8 The heaven's wide vessel is your own on the flood's shore your chariot waits Drops. 9 Kanvas. this day seat here on sacred grass the Gods Who come at early morn. such strength as. 1 ASVINS. the vigilant. with those aids wherewith ye guarded Kanva carefully. dear Daughter of the Sky: High. ye strengtheners of holy law. O ye Asvins Twain. have been prepared. mighty to save discoverers of riches. Drink this expressed ere yesterday and give riches to him who offers it. liberal. With aids which none may interrupt. 3 Your giant coursers hasten on over the region all in flames. mounted on your triple car three-seated. Lord of the House. ye of wondrous deeds. the host of heaven. with the hymn. striving heavenward. 4 He. auspicious. 2 Sons of the Sea.Great light to mortal worshipper. what time they bring the sacred gift. [01-046] HYMN XLVI. 5 Ye have regard unto our hymns. O ye Asvins. the celestial host: Here stands the Soma. 1 Now Morning with her earliest light shines forth. Keep us. the drops are in the heaven. 4 Omniscient Asvins. drink ye this sweetest Soma juice. 6 Vouchsafe to us. with attendant light. 9 Good. 15 Drink ye of our libations. Chiefs! with oblations feeds you full. harness ye the car. 13 Ye dwellers with Vivasvan come. ye who strengthen Law. come to the Soma and our praise. When your car flies with winged steeds. 14 O circumambient Asvins. O Asvin Pair. 12 The singer of their praise awaits whatever grace the Asvins give. to drink the Soma juice 10 Bring with joint invocations thou. grant protection. the Sun appeared as it were gold: And with its-tongue shone forth the dark. ye Gods with deep thought who find out wealth. as to Manu erst. Borne on your wealth-fraught car come ye this day to him who offers. beautiful of form To you at sacrifice the Kanvas send the prayer: graciously listen to their call. I extol your praise. Asvins. lover of the flood. 11 The path of sacrifice was made to travel to the farther goal: The road of heaven was manifest. Son of Strength. Asvins. 2 Come. on the thrice-heaped grass bedew with the sweet juice the sacrifice. Nasatyas. who save when Soma gladdens them. bounteous Gods drink this expressed ere yesterday. O Agni. Asvins. 7 Come in the ship of these our hymns to bear you to the hither shore O Asvins. The sons of Kanva. Dawn follows the brightness of your way: Approve with beams our solemn rites. brought on your treasure-laden car. 3 O Asvins. O hords of Splendour: drink the Soma juice. call on you with draughts of Soma juice out-poured.

O Lady of the Light. driver forth of cars Which. [01-048] HYMN XLVIII. bringing steeds and kine. 4 Here Kanva. each man to his pursuit: delay she knows not as she springs. O Usas. juice. O rich in opulence. shines foes and enmities away. strength meet for praist and hero might. graciously answer our songs of praise with bounty and with brilliant light. being what thou art. direct their thoughts to liberal gifts. Usas. Dawn. Bringing to us great store of high felicity. And. drunk the Soma juice. 15 Usas. ornaments of sacrifice. For ye have ever in the Kanvas' well-loved house. O Daughter of the Sky.So now vouchsafe to us the wealth which many crave. Borne on your lightly-rolling chariot come to us. win thyself the strength which among men is wonderful. [01-049] HYMN XLIX. after thy dawning birds that have flown forth no longer rest. thou rich in spoil and wealth. most rich. either from heaven or from the sea. Chiefs. 12 Bring from the firmament. 9 Shine on us with thy radiant light. Lady of the Light. have oft sped forth to lighten us. advances on her way to Men. beyond the rising of the Sun: Borne on a hundred chariots she. Usas. dawn thou with riches. whether ye be far away or close to Turvasa. have fixed their thought on her. O Usas. that they. 8 So let your coursers.Therewith. chief of Kanva's race.The. fair of shape. as she cometh nigh. Mighty One. of all good things. sent in every shape. fair in form. hear. O Usas. Borne on thy lofty car. Dawn. Daughter of the Sky. aid men of noble fame today. sings forth aloud the glories of the heroes' names. wealth which light labour may attain. upon the sacred grass. O Usas. So grant thou us a dwelling wide and free from foes. 9 Come. Bounteous One. to drink the Soma's pleasant juice. she makes the light. auspicious Dawn. boon-givers of all wealth. 11 O Usas. like glory-seekers on the flood. the opulent. and now shall dawn. O Goddess. Whereon ye ever bring wealth to the worshipper. 1 DAWN on us with prosperity. and makes the birds of air fly up. thou of wondrous wealth. O Usas. O Asvins. those who as priests sing praise to thee. vouchsafe us kine and steeds. 13 May Usas whose auspicious rays are seen resplendent round about. that they may drink our Soma juice. 7 Nasatyas. together with the sunbeams come. whom the Rsis of old time invoked for their protection and their help. 2 The chariot which thou mountest. give us food with kine. all the Gods. 2 They. sit. Goddess. O Usas. bring you to our libations here. as thou comest near. Daughter of the Sky. the Goddess. Dawn with great glory. 8 To meet her glance all living creatures bend them down: Excellent One. Bestowing food on him who acts and gives aright. waken up for me the sounds of joy: send us the riches of the great. on your car decked with a sunbright canopy. when. Usas. Excellent! thou dawnest forth. To all-subduing splendour. 14 Mighty One. 7 This Dawn hath yoked her steeds afar. to strength. <28> . the Daughter of the Sky. Grant us great riches. may succour us. 10 With lauds and songs of praise we call them down to us. 6 She sends the busy forth. and bearning on our solemn rites. our call. by auspicious ways: Let red steeds bear thee to the house of him who pours the Soma. to plentiful refreshing food. 1 E'EN from above the sky's bright realm come. as thou with light to day hast opened the twin doors of heaven. O Usas light to move. princes who. O Nasatyas. 5 Like a good matron Usas comes carefully tending everything: Rousing all life she stirs all creatures that have feet. 10 For in thee is each living creature's breath and life. Bring thou thereby the pious unto holy rites. 3 Usas hath dawned. 16 Bring us to wealth abundant.

thou comest hither to mankind. Surya. [01-050] HYMN L. who fills mid-air. encompassed round with might. as thou art. 5 Thou goest to the hosts of Gods. didst raise the Sun in heaven for all to see. he goeth forth. maker of the light. O Surya. hast broken down Pipru's forts. <29> . Surya. hero-hearted. the Kanvas. and made a way for Atri by a hundred doors. seeing all things that have birth. 2 The constellations pass away. His own dear team. worthy of songs of praise. O rich in friends. Indra. together with their beams. Surya. fain for wealth. 4 Swift and all beautiful art thou.3 Bright Usas. take from me this my yellow hue. the light that is most excellent. that all may look on him. Rushing in rapture. the sea of wealth. 12 To parrots and to starlings let us give away my yellowness. thou hast in the mountain seized the treasure rich in gifts. O thou farseeing One. On Vimada thou hast bestowed both food and wealth. 10 Looking upon the loftier light above the darkness we have come To Surya. have called with sacred songs. Whose gracious deeds for men spread like the heavens abroad: sing praise to him the Sage. Giving my foe into mine hand: let me not be my foeman's prey. and helped Rjisvan when the Dasyus were struck dead. making thy bolt dance in the sacrificer's fight. when thy times return. Indra. and -o'er Satakratu came the gladdening shout that urged him on to victory. Hither all light to be belield. God among the Gods. 4 Thou hast unclosed the prisons of the waters. 6 Thou savedst Kutsa when Susna was smitten down. Indra. ascending to the loftier heaven. [01-051] HYMN LI. 8 Seven Bay Steeds harnessed to thy car bear thee. 4 Thou dawning with thy beams of light illumest all the radiant realm. the God who knoweth all that lives. Or this my yellowness let us transfer to Haritala trees. with powers celestial those who called on thee in jest. 2 As aids the skilful Rbhus yearned to Indra strong to save. 13 With all his conquering vigour this Aditya hath gone up on high. thou. Upon the busy race of men. 5 With wondrous might thou blewest enchanter fiends away. 1 MAKE glad with songs that Ram whom many men invoke. Sun. 1 HIS bright rays bear him up aloft. Thee. 3 Thou hast disclosed the kine's stall for the Angirases. Thou. Illuming all the radiant realm. the daughters of the car. with these. most liberal for our good. 9 Surya hath yoked the pure bright Seven. Surya remove my heart's disease. And round about flock winged birds from all theboundaries of heaven. thou metest with thy beams our days. 6 With that same eye of thine wherewith thou lookest brilliant Varuna. all quadrupeds and bipeds stir. 11 Rising this day. Before the all-beholding Sun' 3 His herald rays are seen afar refulgent o'er the world of men. to Atithigva gavest Sambara for a prey. When thou hadst slain with might the dragon Vrtra. like thieves. Like flames of fire that burn and blaze. with the radiant hair. God. 7 Traversing sky and wide mid-air.

thunder-armed. firm as a doorpost. 2 Like as a mountain on firm basis. Vrsanaiva's child: those deeds of thine must all be told at Soma feasts. 7 The hymns which magnify thee. chariots. 9 Indra gives up the lawless to the pious man. When Indra. punishing the lawless give them up to him whose grass is strewn. What time. slaying Vrtra stayer of their flow. in thy keeping. the steeds of Vata. Vamra when glorified destroyed the gathered piles of the still waxing great one who would reach the heaven. Indra. Be thou the sacrificer's strong encourager all these thy deeds are my delight at festivals. strengthened in rapture by the wise. O Indra. Indra with thought. the Giver. <30> . cleft him through. nobly-natured. 5 To him. with the princes. Indra. Known is the thunderbolt that lies within thine arms: rend off therewith all manly prowess of our foe. lover of riches. Indra alone is Lord of wealth. With hymns may I turn hither Indra to mine aid. O Indra. as Trta cleaveth Vala's fences. this praise is uttered. 4 Whom those that flow in heaven on sacred grass. unremoved. Indra. Soma-presser. [01-052] HYMN LII. 6 Splendour encompassed thee. very wise.-the Car which like a strong steed hasteth to the call. in this fray. whose hundred nobly-natured ones go forth with him. most liberal giver. May we and all the heroes. 8 Discern thou well Aryas and Dasyus.E'en mighty Arbuda thou troddest under foot: thou from of old wast born to strike the Dasyus dead. skilled in song. Tvastar gave yet more force to thine appropriate strength. his helpers sped like swift streams down a slope. and he hath rent in pieces Susna's firmbuilt forts. with skilled activity. When Indra. he. his own assistants. Thou. be. when thou art pleased with men whose Soma flows thou risest to unchallenged glory in the sky. wast Mena. rooted in light. forced the clouds. praised among the Pajras. thou didst cast thy thunder down upon the jaws of Vritra hard to be restrained. O Hero-souled. as in wild joy he fought with him who stayed the rain. and horses. verily strong and great. 1 I GLORIFY that Ram who finds the light of heaven. for he sates him with the juice. 12 Thou mountest on thy car amid strong Soma draughts: Saryata brought thee those in which thou hast delight. invincible. 15 To him the Mighty One. he mounts his steeds who swerve wider and wider yet. 13 To old Kaksivin. spread o'er laden cloud. straight in form. reach to thee even as water-brooks flow down and fill the lake. kine. I call. joying in the draughts of Soma juice. fill full like the sea. thy bounteous spirit joys in drinking Soma juice. forth shone thy warrior might: the rain-obstructer lay in mid-air's lowest deep. 11 When Indra hath rejoiced with Kavya Usana. made bold by Soma draughts. thousandfold protector. and forged thy thunderbolt of overpowering might. 3 For he stays e'en the stayers. mighty. the self-resplendent. have carried thee to fame while thou art filled with power. 7 All power and might is closely gathered up in thee. 14 The good man's refuge in his need is Indra. The Strong hath loosed his bolt with the swift rush of rain. destroying by the Strong Ones those who have no strength.Beside that Indra when he smote down Vrtra stood his helpers. yoked by thought. 10 The might which Usana hath formed for thee with might rends in its greatness and with strength both worlds apart. O Indra. thou didst give the youthful Vrcaya. waxed in mighty strength.

in Atithigva's very glorious going forth. Thou heldst in thine arms the metal thunderbolt. 5 Let us obtain. When Indra's helpers fighting for the good of men.as such we sing this praise. take thou away our poverty with seeds and kine. Indra. 15 The Maruts sang thy praise in this encounter. thou whose power is linked with thy Bay Steeds hadst smitten Vrtra. 7 Thou goest on from fight to fight intrepidly. faithful to mankind. rich in mighty deeds. Indra. whose bounds the waters of mid-air have never reached. 13 Thou art the counterpart of earth. 3 Indra. our hymns to Indra in Vivasvdn's dwelling-place. tyrant of the earth and heaven. Indra. praise giving and effectual. special source of cattle. and none else. Hero Lord. O Conqueror. What time thou. upon the limit of this mid-air and of heaven. not disappointing hope. this treasure spread around is known to be thine own. freed from their hate may we obtain abundant food. hast made all things in order due. smotest the face of Vrtra. O Indra. with strength exceeding glorious. and in thee all the Deities delighted. to thee . Thou. at that Dragon's roar reeled back in terror when. thy deadly bolt. thy thunderbolt In the wild joy of Soma had struck off with might the head of Vrtra. most splendid. were this earth extended forth tenfold. the mighty. for help. with thy spiky weapon.8 When. 2 Giver of horses. causing floods to flow for man. shining to the sky: May we obtain the Goddess Providence. joyed in the light. thou. <31> . of a truth there is none other like thee. What time thou slewest for the singer with trimmed grass ten thousand Vrtras. powerful. destroying castle after castle here with strength. 11 O Indra. leading up to heaven. when Rjisvan compassed them with siege. Indra. slewest from far away the guileful Namuci. [01-053] HYMN LIII. Still here thy conquering might. With Indra scattering the Dasyu through these drops. in thine own native might. and bring to us: fail not the hope of him who loves and sings to thee. giver. the Maruts. with thy friend who makes the foe bow down. and settest in the heaven the Sun for all to see. 14 Whose amplitude the heaven and earth have not attained. Parnaya. giver of barley. 8 Thou hast struck down in death Karanja. Indra. For he hath ne'er found wealth in those who seem to sleep: those who give wealth to men accept no paltry praise. 6 These our libations strength-inspiring. Indra. 9 In fear they raised the lofty self-resplendent hymn. and men who dwell therein multiplied day by day. Unyielding. 10 Then Heaven himself. thou hast destroyed the hundred forts of Vangrida. of kine. 12 Thou.Not. Hast made the earth to be the pattern of thy strength: embracing flood and light thou reachest to the sky. Soma draughts. gladdened thee in the fight with Vrtra. rich in steeds. I WE will present fair praise unto the Mighty One. Friend of our friends. bold of heart. when in joy he fights the stayer of the rain: thou. the strength of heroes. the Master of lofty heaven with all its mighty Heroes: Thou hast filled all the region with thy greatness: yea. Maghavan. 4 Well pleased with these bright flames and with these Soma drops. plenteous wealth and food. thou art Lord and guard of wealth: Man's helper from of old. thou resistless in thy might. would be famed: it hath waxed vast as heaven in majesty and power. Gather therefrom.

who increase the lordly power. so as to bend. thou warredst with thy bolt. 10 There darkness stood. 1 URGE us not. compact of strength. 11 May we protected by the Gods hereafter remain thy very prosperous friends. chief. whose resolute mind hath independent sway. a Bull exceeding strong in strength. drawn on by two Bay Steeds: a Bull. of thyself smotest through Sambara. maketh him master of the heaven and earth. thou. hast overthrown the twice ten Kings of men. the firm heroic strength of thee the Giver. 9 Therefore for thee are these abundant beakers Indra's drink. the Bold. Thee we extol. thou far-famed. Who shall have power to stay thee firm and eager-souled from doing still this day what thou of old hast done? 6 Thou helpest Narya. who offers free oblations and promotes the Law. daring. subject unto this King. Indra. 11 So give us. O Indra. Maghavan. be some who drink the Soma. sharp and twoedged. and Turvayana with thine aid. Indra. Thou madest Kutsa. he whets his thunderbolt for sharpness. 8 His power is matchless. to this distressful fight. Ayu. Preserve our wealthy patrons. O Indra. Who with a bounteous guerdon welcomes hymns of praise: for him flows down the abundant stream below the sky. Atithigva. nor heaven nor earth may be in greatness Indra's match. <32> . all kinds of great manly power. Quaff them and satisfy therewith thy longing. enjoying through thy favour life long and joyful and with store of heroes. He bears him like a bull to drink of Soma juice. for none may comprehend the limit of thy strength. With sixty thousand nine-and-ninety followers. the mighty. even that famed mountain down.9 With all-outstripping chariot-wheel. through their work. causing woe to men. 5 When with a roar that fills the woods. Indra. When bold with gladdening juice. and Vayya's son Turviti. thou forcest down on wind's head the stores which 8usga kept confined. and Yadu. O Indra. as Warrior from of old. and will. 3 Thou swayest. Indra. 7 A hero-lord is he. Turvasa. who came in arms to fight with friendless Susravas. Indra. the vault that stayed the waters' flow: in Vrtra's hollow side the rain-cloud lay concealed. Those. [01-054] HYMN LIV. against the banded sorcerers. vouchsafe us wealth and food with noble offspring. Who with his daring might. so doth he receive the rivers spread on all sides in their ample width. stone-pressed juices held in ladles. bliss-increasing glory give us great sway and strength that conquers people. be praised for might. [01-055] HYMN LV. flood following after flood. King of a mighty folk. 2 Like as the watery ocean. laud thou and magnify Indra who hearcth thee. then fix thy mind upon bestowing treasure. the young. But Indra smote the rivers which the obstructer stayed. High glory hath the Asura. 1 THOUGH e'en this heaven's wide space and earth have spread them out. a Car is he. 3 Sing forth to lofty Dyaus a strength-bestowing song. as't were. down steep declivitics. save our princes. Thou with fierce shout hast made the woods and rivers roar: did not men run in crowds together in their fear? 2 Sing hymns of praise to Sakra. matchless is his wisdom. Lord of power and might. 10 Thou hast protected Susravas with succour. Awful and very mighty. 4 The ridges of the lofty heaven thou madest shake. as a bull. Satakratu! Thou helpest horse and car in final battle thou breakest down the nine-and-ninety castles.

as of waters down a slope. hast set the waters free. bring thy Bays hitherward. exceeding wise. Indra-power and light. verily powerful and strong. shall come after thee-the offerer's libations like floods to the depth. Indra. and with strength increased on earth. In the light-winning war. as a horse to meet the mare. lead thee not astray. the thunderbolt of Indra. And men have faith in Indra. the floods flow for his worshipper. he hath roused him. [01-057] HYMN LVII. 3 Victorious. thou smotest Vrtra dead and broughtest floods of rain. best skilled to draw the rein. fettered wily Sushna fast in bonds. like bright Dawn. yea. Then. I To him most liberal. Wherewith the iron one. like wells surrounded by the ministering priests. <33> . Whose being. lofty Lord of lofty wealth. and broken Vrtra's stony fences through and through. To him the Lord of power. gladdened by the juice. Thou. to move with speed. the rapid sunbeams. swift. 6 Thou with thy might didst grasp. 2 Now all this world. for each arduous deed. is spread abroad for all that live. the Strong One. the respIendent One. Indra.Foremost among the Gods is he through hero might. fain for glory. upon the framework of the heaven. thou who art mighty also in the seats of earth. Those charioteers of' thine. 3 To him the terrible. 4 Thine. he who with his might unflinching kills the gloom stirs up the dust aloft.Whose checkless bounty. his might. eager. ascend the loving ones. 6 Though. didst fix. 4 He only in the wood is praised by worshippers. with speed. the famed One in his body holds unvanquished might. most meet for lofty praise. and drinks the Soma juice which strengthens for great deeds. in rapture. as those who seek gain go in company to the flood. 5 Yet verily the Warrior in his vigorous strength stirreth up with his might great battles for mankind. 8 Thou bearest in both hands treasure that never fails. O Indra. air's region firmly. He makes the lights of heaven shine forth secure.the holder-up of heaven. in manly battle shines. set in the van. When the well-loved one seems to rest upon the hill. 5 When thou with might. with joy and triumphing. great is he. unstained with dust. to give them strength. across. praised by many. Indra. as shines a mountain peak. excellently rich! are we who trusting in thy help draw near to thee. unremoved. A friendly Bull is he. the holy synod's might. fierce e'en against the strong. in thy members many powers abide. O thou who hearest praise. 4 When Strength the Goddess. when he shows forth to men his own fair Indrapower. as to a hill. let thy heart incline to give. Indra. for renown. waits upon Indra as the Sun attends the Dawn. He stays his golden car. [01-056] HYMN LVI. Indra. made more strong for help by thee. 7 Drinker of Soma. a Bull to be desired when Maghavan auspiciously sends forth his voice. have been created. his dart of death. what time he hurleth down his bolt. he bids. yoked with Bay Horses. for worship. he with great might destroys the dwellings made with art. like bay steeds. in rapturous joy. I FOR this man's full libations held in ladles. 2 To him the guidance-following songs of praise flow full. shatterer wrought of gold. now bring gifts with reverence in this rite. I bring my hymn.

far-shining. thou rich in friends. among mankind. wind-driven. O Jatavedas Vaisvanara. enriched with prayer. O Agni. 6 Now will I tell the greatness of the Hero whom Prarti's sons follow as Vrtra's slayer: Agni Vaisvanara struck down the Dasyu. a refuge without a flaw this day to us thy praisers. the herbs. 2 Never decaying. come soon and early. On paths most excellent he measured out mid-air: he with oblation calls to service of the Gods. love thou this our hymn. Is lauded. the Immortals all rejoice in thee. 6 Thou. since he. 8 Grant. rapidly. dwelling by his might with all men. none else but thou receives our laud: as earth loves all her creatures. Bounteous Lord. cleave Sambara through and shattered down his fences. easy to invoke. the Deities produced thee. him whom the priests elect at solemn worship. 9 Be thou a refuge. <34> . [01-058] HYMN LVIII. armed with his tongues for sickles. [01-059] HYMN LIX. Thee. Agni became the messenger of earth and heaven.Lover of praise. Son of Strength. to act. son of Satavani. 6 The Bhrgus established thee among mankind for men. Of all the riches in the hills. immortal. excellent. 5 Great is thy power. so are their Son's praises. Agni. O Maghavan. beauteous. with hundred praises by Purunitha. After thee lofty heaven hath measured out its strength: to thee and to thy power this earth hath bowed itself. hath many a youthful consort. Son of Strength. thine own for ever. as he is sprinkled. most manly One. glistens like a horse: loud hath he roared and shouted like the heights of heaven? 3 Set high in place o'er all that Vasus. in Agni. Vaisvanara. through the wood he speeds. the waters. The Herald. changeless. the God without delay gives boons to be desired. sustaining men like a deep-founded pillar. Rudras do. the wish of this thy worshipper. with forts of iron preserve thou from distress the man who lauds thee. O Agni. seizing his appropriate food. May he. Centre art thou. triumphant like a bull among the herd of cows. Fulfil. to those who live. I serve with dainty food. a God. Lord of riches. truly mighty. thou hast brought comfort to the Gods in battle. all victorious might. O Agni. Bright One. with a mighty roar. to the singer. Agni. as an auspicious Friend to the Celestial Race. His back. Vaigvdnara. Son of Strength. 4 As the great World-halves. hath not attained thy greatness. thou art the Sovran. With bright strength roaming to the everlasting air: things fixed. who hast thunder for thy weapon. treasures are in Vaisvanara. 3 As in the Sun firm rays are set for ever. Vaisvanara. 5 With teeth of flame. Preserve the singer from distress. O Indra. to be a light unto the Arya. I NE'ER waxeth faint the Immortal. Black is thy path. like as a treasure. of the people. the Herald. skilled. 1 THE other fires are. things moving quake before him as he flies. as a herald and choice-worthy guest. Thou art the King of lands where men are settled. 7 Vaisvanara. with thy bolt hast shattered into pieces this broad massive cloud. Agni. messenger of all the Vasus. Thou hast sent down the obstructed floods that they may flow: thou hast. as a man. seated as High Priest. thy branches. a shelter. 5 Even the lofty heaven. verily.. with glittering waves! when like a bull thou rushest eager to the trees. Agni. to those who worship. celestial. is he the Herald. 4 Urged by the wind be spreads through dry wood as he lists. we are thine. eagerly through the dry wood he spreads. Hastening like a car to men. earth's centre. 7 Agni. hath become Vivasvan's messenger. the seven tongues' deftest Sacrificer. I ask for riches. holy mid the Bharadvajas. 2 The forehead of the sky.

he plundered. men. exceed not. that floods of rain may follow. to please that Indra. as fashions the wright a chariot for the man who needs it. the deeds of him. he made a ford. May he. 9 Yea. 4 Even for him I frame a laud. he. The dainty cates. mid-air. O Agni. shooting through the mountain. through his impetuous splendour. my fair hymn to the Victor. prayers offered most especially to Indra. May Agni be our Friend. the singers have decked their lauds with heart and mind and spirit. the swift prizewinner. Banner of sacrifice. Whom mortal priests. approved by all men. 1 EVEN to him. Wherewith he reached the vital parts of Vrtra. hurling forth his weapons in the battle. loud-voiced and strong for battle. dissevered. child of two births. Lord of the Household.[01-060] HYMN LX. the Gotamas have brought their prayers to please thee. [01-061] HYMN LXI Indra. gain quickly strength heroic. 8 To him. 14 When he. To reverence the Hero. have created. victorious. 2 Praise. famed far and wide. of a truth. <35> . May Nodhas. He let the floods go free. with their strong endeavour. him who moveth swiftly. I present. 3 May our fair praise. as a gift. 12 Vast. wove praises. celestial. Indra. come soon and early. bounteous Giver. most deftly wrought. all-moving. My thought to him resistless. the mighty with the striker. Agni. to Indra. ever praising the protection of that dear Friend. and heaven. e'en at his birth. As Priest he takes his seat ere break of morning. exalted. with eager movement. Set mountains and the whole heaven and earth. for Turviti. enriched with prayer. heart-born. Soma-presser. 11 The rivers played. great Visnu had drunk up the draught. most recent. through love of glory. Rend thou his joints. men who yearn and worship. comes forth the firm. reach him whose tongue. electeth. I bring my song of praise as dainty viands. Consorts of the Goda. the yearning Purifier hath among men been placed as Priest choice-worthy. striking-the vast. tremble for terror. the good Protector. strong and high. like cows imprisoned. too. 7 As soon as. 6 Even for him hath Tvastar forged the thunder. is sweet as honey. combined. destroyer of the castles. swift. yoker of Bay Coursers. protector of the riches in the dwelling. Indra. my hymn. against this Vrtra cast thy bolt of thunder. the cooked mess. who is Lord of old. most bounteous Giver. For Indra. as the guardian Lord of riches. Decking thee like a horse. when he slew the Dragon. a hymn well-formed. When. The mighty heaven and earth hath he encompassed: thy greatness heaven and earth. Ordainer. Indra hath helped Etasa. yea. for the battle. with bolt oblique. yea. Using his might and favouring him who worshipped. the swiftly moving envoy. with a heart inclined to bounty. and utter aloud my song. but One stronger transfixed the wild boar. House-Lord. since with his bolt he compassed them on all sides. adorable with men. 4 Good to mankind. 3 To him then with my lips mine adoration. like oblation. 5 As such we Gotamas with hymns extol thee. to wise Indra.Praises to him who gladly hears our praises. at libations of his mother. most excellent. 5 So with my tongue I deck. I offer. 15 Now unto him of these things hath been given what he who rules alone o'er much. contending in the race of steeds with Sarya. 10 Through his own strength Indra with bolt of thunder cut piece-meal Vrtra. for glory. the glorious Priest to Bhrgu. with thine ample power. supplied with dainty viands. drier up of waters. 16 Thus to thee. Gods who are worshipped. as of an ox. I As 'twere Some goodly treasure Matarisvan brought. self-resplendent. 2 Both Gods and men obey this Ruler's order. praise-deserving. waxed in his home. as 'twere a horse. he with impetuous wrath lays low the foemen. his magnitude surpasseth the magnitude of earth. To magnify with songs of invocation and with fair hymns the Lord. winning heaven's light. 13 Sing with new lauds his exploits wrought aforetime. the Dames.

with power thou tcrrifiedst earth and heaven When. thou art the Rbhus' Lord. the Son with might maintains his perfect friendship. Sure leader. 2 Unto the great bring ye great adoration. with the Dawn. wise. 3 When Indra and the Angirases desired it. with adoration. 5 This doest thou.Bestow upon them thought. decked with all beauty. O Indra. victor. dispellcd the darkness. all firm-set mountains and monstrous creatures shook like dust before thee. 10 Their paths. Indra. for young and glorious Kutsa. O Indra. these thou defiest. That. thou furtheredst. come soon and early. with Dasagvas. <36> . May he. thou crushedst Vrtra. 7 Unwearied. For many thousand holy works the Sisters wait on the haughty Lord like wives and matrons. 2 When thy two wandering Bays thou drawest hither. so cleave our hymns to thee. LIKE Angiras a gladdening laud we ponder to him who loveth song. unbending:strengthen us with might. Lay thou the race-course open for our horses: as with a club. Dawn with limbs of splendour. O Indra. yoker of the Tawny Coursers. hast. with thunder rent obstructive Vala. hast spread out the earths high ridges. by his side. 1. 6 Hence men invoke thee. Indra. [01-062] HYMN LXII. slay. O Indra. Thundcrer. O Lord of Power. and art not harmed. found the cattle. nigh where heaven bends down. with newest lauds have sped to thee. foe-destroyer. thou. 1. O Much-invoked. 11 Thoughts ancient. come soon and early. he parted of old the ancient Pair. 13 O mighty Indra. Splendid art thou. enriched with prayer. great-souled. Sakra. thou smitest foemen down and many a castle. with easy conquest didst rend the Dasyus in their distant dwelling. Hero. exceeding mighty. 12 Strong God. Thou in the raw cows. rent the mountain. Brhaspati cleft the mountain. as a friend. in the light-bestowing conflict. 9 Rich in good actions. Thou hast. 4 Mid shout. he the doer of marvels set both Dames and earth and heaven. 6 This is the deed most worthy of all honour. Angirases. a chant with praise to him exceeding mighty. united ever. storest the ripe milk glossy white in colour. each in her manner. in will resistless. when. Thunderarmed 1 our foemen. Through whom our sires. thy praiser laid within thine arms the thunder. -strong in act. in the tumult of battle. 5 Praised by Angirases. thou. with the Navagvas. Indra. Sarama found provision for her offipring. and firmly fixed the region under heaven. with speeders. rest uninjured. Let us sing glory to the far-famed Hero who must be praised with fair hymns by the singer. heavenly. Wherewith. Thou Indra. seven singers. found the cattle: the heroes shouted with the kine in triumph. the riches which thy hands have holden from days of old have perished not nor wasted. enriched with prayer. black of hue or ruddy. in their fear of thee. As yearning wives cleave to their yearning husband. [01-063] HYMN LXIII. he made four rivers flow full with waves that carry down sweet water. O Mighty. young Dames. seeking wealth. skilled in operation. singing praises and knowing well the places. Night with her dark limbs. e'en in the anger of the strongest mortal. Sun. won with lauding hymns. loud shout. the fairest marvel of the Wonder-Worker. with steed and car in battle slewest Susna. they with great might preserve the immortal statutes. In highest sky like Bhaga. May he. 3 Faithful art thou. O Lord most potent. unlike in hue. 4 That. Indra. heroic. Indra. rays. 8 Still born afresh. Thou. When. THOU art the Mighty One. and roar. when born. Gotama's son Nodhas hath fashioned this new prayer to thee Eternal. hast thou. of old connected. the Pair in alternation Round heaven and earth from ancient time have travelled.

O Maruts. the Maruts with bright lances make all things to reel. for the Maruts bring thou a pure gift. armed with strong men's rings. <37> . even the very strongest. 7 Warring for Purukutsa thou. Stirring the darkness with lances and spotted deer. with serpents' fury through their might. the youths of Rudra. they make the lightnings with their powers. with serpents' ire through strength. ye glide swiftly on your way. the worshipful. 5 Loud roarers. addressed to thee. King. Heroes. the Strong Horse forth. Like the wild elephants ye eat the forests up when ye assume your strength among the bright red flames. like grass didst rend them. treasure with his men. the brisk. broughtest gain to Puru. he verily in strength surpasseth all mankind. wise in mind prepares the water that hath power in solemn rites. Self-moving. enriched with prayer. free from spot and stain. as 'twere. brisk. 2 They spring to birth. of themselves. that it may rain: they milk the thundering. Thunder-armed I breakest down the seven castles. Easily. come soon and early. shining brightly even as suns. selfstrong like mountains. They make all beings tremble with their mighty strength. BRING for the manly host. 1. singers loud of voice. irresistible. with laud for thy Bay Horses. 11 They who with golden fellies make the rain increase drive forward the big clouds like wanderers on the way. of your chariots. feed us with varied food plenteous as waterFood wherewithal. impetuous. May he. of powers infinite. they have waxed. dwelling in the home of wealth. befriending man. O Indra. O Nodhas.This aid of thine. the Men of Heaven. ye greet the earth and heaven. Bring us in noble shape abundant riches. Upon the seats. 4 With glittering ornaments they deck them forth for show. for Sudis. Maruts. 7 Mighty. thou bestowest vigour itself to flow to us for ever. are beauteous as antelopes. The purifiers. awful of form like giants. 10 Lords of all riches. the man whom ye have guarded with your help. was ever to be implored in deeds of might in combat. 3 Young Rudras. the neverfailing spring. scattering rain-drops down. both of earth and heaven. he winneth honourable strength and prospereth. 8 Exceeding wise they roar like lions mightily. giving strength. the lofty Ones. upon the cars stands lightning visible as light. all-possessing. God who movest round about us. they make the winds. and ever wandering round fill the earth full with milk. for beauty on their breasts they bind their chains of gold. The lances on their shoulders pound to pieces. 9 Heroes who march in companies. the bright. divine. endowed with mighty vigour. they o'erthrow the firm. the active Ones To the strong band of Maruts cleave for happiness. 8 O Indra. the Bulls of Heaven. and out of need. O Godlike One. 9 Prayers have been made by Gotamas. devourers of the foe. the chasers of the sky. O Indra. they have laid the arrow on their arms. 6 The bounteous Maruts with the fatness dropping milk fill full the waters which avail in solenm rites. vigorous. demon-slayers. with wondrous power and marvellously bright. even as mountains. never growing old. they. combined as priests. [01-064] HYMN LXIV. the archers. 12 The progeny of Rudra we invoke with prayer. They lead. wise and majestical. I deck my songs as one deft-handed. unwearied. The restless shakers drain the udders of the sky. O Hero. they were born together. Spoil with his steeds he gaineth. 13 Maruts.

1. bearing in his hand all manly might. bringing wealth. in the waters' home. like eternal might. ever he claims obedience as a King. full of thought. a wholesome stream. vouchsafe thou wealth.-for him have sages built as 'twere a seat. like a steed friendly he vouchsafes us power. like the Unborn. to the worshippers give glorious strength invincible in battle. blessing like mental power.14 O Maruts. to him. a cow who yields her milk. 4 He strikes with terror like a dart shot forth. Like a swift bird. <38> . Like a steed urged to run in swift career. restless. 2 He offers safety like a pleasant home. the maidens' lover and the matrons' Lord. urged by wind. and with effective utterance fixed the sky. 2 He. when they have sting prayers formed within their heart. As he the sole God is preeminent in great. 2 All men are joyful in thy power. 3 Strong is the thought of Law. 1. ness among all these other Gods. in their accustomed ways. sprung from Law. famed among the folk. shining far. verily Agni shears the hair of earth. bearing it to Gods -. he quickens all. Wise. COMMINGLING. there nigh to thee sate all the Holy Ones. 15 Will ye then. O God. [01-065] HYMN LXV. he spreads. of all these treasures he alone is Lord. like one's own son. thundering to the fight. there was a gathering vast as heaven itself. like ripened corn. life of all. Agni. Agni. rushing like Sindhu. O Agni. Priest was he. he ascends the sky. the Law's behest. -truly to such doth he announce great wealth. whitish mid the folk. during a hundred winters. rich in men. The waters feed with praise the growing Babe. crouched in the cavern. like some wide dwelling place. like a car. 5 To him lead all your ways: may we attain the kindled God as cows their home at eve. ever increasing? May he. he grew like some young creature. mighty. Whoso will bring oblation. thousandfold. 4 Whoso hath known him dwelling in his lair. holds the broad earth up. O ye Maruts. like wealth of varied sort. Gracious like peace. guard the spots which cattle love: thou. like breath which is the life. VICTORIOUS in the wood. A hundred. LIKE the Sun's glance. eternal Law. 1 ONE-MINDED. wise. brilliant. within each fruitful mother and each babe she bears. Agni. and hath approached the stream of holy Law. like a fruit-bearing hill. 1. [01-068] HYMN LXVIII. Friend among men. they tracked thee like a thief lurking in dark cave with a stolen cow: Thee claiming worship. Praiseworthy. the Conqueror of men. 4 Seated as Priest with Manu's progeny. life of all men. enriched with prayer. bethinking thee. May we foster well. All truly share thy Godhead while they keep. who may check his course? 4 Kin as a brother to his sister floods. durable. struck the Gods with fear. He drives the flames below as floods their swell: the rays rise up to the fair place of heaven. unveiling nights and all that stands or moves. Agni. gifts to thee. 3 With flame insatiate. paying sacred rites. that living from the dry wood thou art born. [01-066] HYMN LXVI. offering-bearer. known to all men. gold-decked. 3 Like grateful food. hast gone from lair to lair. 3 He. all works have they performed. e'en like an archer's arrow tipped with flame. the seat of Law. Bright when he shines forth. grant us riches. 5 He who grows mightily in herbs. When through the forest. A Sage like Soma. [01-067] HYMN LXVII. he cats the woods as a King eats the rich. born nobly in the womb. pure and refulgent to the wood he speeds. 5 Like a swan sitting in the floods he pants wisest in mind mid men he wakes at morn. 2 The Gods approached the ways of holy Law. defying onslaught. Like a Seer lauding. caring for each one like a dame at home. son and progeny. Master of present and of future life. Men filled with understanding find him there.They who release him. come soon and early.

bath stirred him. unbar the doors: they all ascend to the fair place of heaven. 5 Thou settest value on our cows and woods: all shall bring tribute to us to the light. Protect these beings thou with careful thought. may he remember me. call. like Dawn's lover. the sisters of one home have urged him forward. [01-069] HYMN LXIX. rich in food. made his service fruitful. and of the race of mortal man. knowing the races both of Gods and men. 4 None breaks these holy laws of thine when thou hast granted audience to these chieftains here. What time the men and I. bath decked heaven's vault with stars. may Agni with fair light pervade each act. win much food by prayer. Herald who sits in light. 3 Agni is Lord of riches for the man who serves him readily with sacred songs. splendid. with roar. born in Law. he bath filled the two joined worlds as with the light of heaven. the humble. he bears on the folk. or brings the worship which thou lovest daily. MAY we. bath flames for thee within his dwelling.He the observer of the heavenly laws of Gods.Men yearn for children to prolong their line. then parting them among the longing faithful. <39> . 5 Like the Dawn's lover. 1. the Sage. 2 He who is germ of waters. 3 Born in the dwelling like a lovely son. men have served thee in many and sundry spots. and yet their Son wast thou. Agni. who discerns like the cow's udder. the Angirases. and joined with heroes dravest off disgrace. 2 Our sires with lauds burst e'en the firmset fortress. with heroes. germ of woods. When born. like a strong steed. He. LOVING the loving One. 4 Whom many dawns and nights. he cares for all mankind.To him even in the rock and in the house: Immortal One. BRIGHT. they found us day. spreading light. breaking forth to view. as wives their husband. the sweet taste of food. the mountain. he knew and freed himself from close embracement. 4 Since Matarisvan. whom. far-diffused. They. and he in every house grown bright and noble. making effectual all our holy works. and the God threw his splendour on his Daughter. 5 When man poured juice to Heaven. beams of morning. well-known as hued like morn. He. the pious. as 'twere. The archer boldly shot at him his arrow. day's sign. 7 All sacrificial viands wait on Agni as the Seven mighty Rivers seek the ocean. germ of all things that move not and that move. all things that move and stand. bearing of themselves. an aged father's wealth. unbars his wealth like doors: he. they come. 6 Whoso. most active. thou who knowest. the House-Friend. make strong. pleased. as the cows love morning. 3 They stablished order. so he shines in fight. Like a bliss-giver to be drawn to men. while with sweet food the race of Gods they strengthen. the mighty Father. 2 Agni. They made for us a way to reach high heaven. Bright-coloured. light. unlike. parting. and are not disappointed in their hope. and redly beaming.He bath been won. with might thou hast encompassed them: Father of Gods. 6 Like a brave archer. may Agni then gain all through Godlike power. straight from the heaven descends the limpid moisture. thou smotest with thy peers. This is thy boast. Agni. Not by our brethren was our food discovered: find with the Gods care for us. Do thou of double might increase his substance: may he whom thou incitest meet with riches. dark. sits gracious in the middle of the house. Not thirsting after aught. 1. even. Agni. as on commission to a greater Sovran. 1. 8 When light bath filled the Lord of men for increase. a fierce avenger. like one skilled and bold. Bhrgu-like I hath gone as his companion. 5 Eagerly they who hear his word fulfil his wish as sons obey their sire's behest. yea. [01-070] HYMN LXX. [01-071] HYMN LXXI.

On him have they laid splendour in abundance: dear to all men. endowed with deepest knowledge. glorified by many. 4 Thee. 3 Because with holy oil the pure Ones. O Agni. discerned the doors of riches. Sage as thou art. Agni.-all must strive to win him. from a distance the rivers to the rock have flowed together. such. he humbleth the higher powers of each wise ordainer. Worn weary. Ordainer. Friend finding in his own friend's eye protection. 7 Thou. O Agni. one-minded. May we get booty from jur foe in battle. O Agni. Sarama found the cattle's firm-built prison whereby the race of man is still supported. 4 Making them known to spacious earth and heaven. Therefore they won them holy names for worship. 9 Aided by thee. 10 When Gods immortal made both eyes of heaven. discerning in the distance. hast sent us good food in constant course for our subsistence: Thou deeply skilled in paths of Gods becamest an envoy never wearied.. <40> . found Agni standing in the loftiest station. heroes with heroes. I. 8 Knowing the Law. They made the Night and Dawn of different colours. true-minded protecteth with his power. full of good thought. Like heroes who preside. Loved like a guest who lies in pleasant lodging. the Sun. Agni. with their spouses. they made their own the bodies which they chastened. one-minded. have swelled with laden udders. served thee the very pure three autumn seasons. and princes gain long life who bring oblation. With these. 5 May thy rich worshippers win food. Lords of the wealth transmitted by our fathers: and may our princes live a hundred winters. like a God all-sustaining. presenting to the Gods their share for glory. [01-072] HYMN LXXII. and nobly born they dignified their bodies. 3 He who on earth dwells like a king surrounded by faithful friends. and followest the whole world like a shadow. soliciting thy favour. bearer be he of riches. the holy Ones have gained glory in heaven. Agni. 9 He who like thought goes swiftly on his journey. 10 May these our hymns of praise. our men serve ever kindled in each dwelling. offeringbearer. knower of men's works. Agni. may we conquer steeds with steeds. 9 They who approached all noble operations making a path that leads to life immortal. Old age. 2 The Gods infallible all searching found not him. for ever granting all immortal bounties. they gave to him the gift of beauteous glory. The mortal band. kneeling to him adorable paid worship. To be the Bird's support. 5 Nigh they approached. break not our ancestral friendship. devoted. O Agni.-may he. Varuna and Mitra. the dear Babe who still is round about us. they preserve the Amrta: guard thou the life of all their plants and cattle. alone is ever Lord of riches. May we have power to hold thy steeds of riches. 10 O Agni. who sit in safety: like as a blameless dame dear to her husband. with thee. Truthful. impairs the body: before that evil be come nigh protect me. as Priest. the seven strong floods from heaven. following his track. in settlements secure. Agni is now the treasure-lord of treasures. THOUGH holding many gifts for men. they reached the lovely highest home of Agni. 1. and her great Sons stood in power. like splendourr. and set the black and purple hues together. Now they flow forth like rivers set in motion: they knew the Red Steeds coming down. sent us by Heaven. laying on thee the God-sent gift of glory. the spacious mother. Soliciting his favour. men with men. like breath joy-giving. O Agni. the holy Ones revealed the powers of Rudra. leadest on to riches. be pleasant to thee in thy heart and spirit. loudly lowing. The Kings with fair hands. like gathering cloud. all acts of vigour. like patrimonial riches and guides aright like some wise man's instruction. HE who gives food. 8 May we and those who worship be the mortals whom thou. Aditi. Thou hast filled earth and heaven and air's mid-region. 6 Soon as the holy beings had discovered the thrice-seven mystic things contained within thee. protect the precious nectar in our cattle. 7 Agni. [01-073] HYMN LXXIII. 6 The cows of holy law. prosper his servant's dwelling. 2 He who like Savitar the God. Agni.Agni bath brought to light and filled with spirit the youthful host blameless and well providing.

of mankind. Bring hither with his Bays the Lord of Soma: here is glad welcome for the Bounteous Giver. thou grantest from the Gods. much-availing prayer. How may the mind draw nigh to please thee. Agni. he Who winneth wealth in every fight. will we say to thee. and his sacred grass. Wealth-bestower and Producer. 3 Burn thou up all the Riksasas. is thy kin. Who hears us even when afar. Agni. [01-077] HYMN LXXVII. one after other. Agni. most propitious in sacrifices. Agni is born. be thou who never wast deceived our leader. mid men a herald. 3 Who. 1. 1. Thine is the task of Cleanser and Presenter: waken us. when the people gathered. O wisest and best Afigiras. 6 Hitherward shalt thou bring these Gods to our laudation and to taste. 9 And splendid strength. hath preserved His household for the worshipper. of men? who is thy worthy worshipper? On whom dependent? who art thou? 4 The kinsman. sit thee down as Hotar. high. from of old.[01-074] HYMN LXXIV. Agni. These offered gifts. Angiras. Here with the Gods be seated. on thine embassage thou goest not a sound is heard of steed or straining of thy car. the herald. 5 Bring to us Mitra. thou Son of Strength. [01-075] HYMN LXXV. when he seeks the Gods for mortals. fair-shining One. <41> . food most delightful to the Gods. As forth to sacrifice we go. And strengthenest his sacrifice. in carnage. 3 And let men say. a hymn to a hymn let us say. Pouring our offerings in thy mouth. 1. Agni. worship this day with joy-bestowing ladle. His offerings. For Agni. love thee: worship the Gods to win for us their favour. O Agni. 1. bringeth the Gods as best of sacrificers? 2 Bring him with reverence hither. e'en he who slayeth Vrtra. bring the Gods to mighty sacrifice. the all-pervading. 8 Aided by thee uninjured. ward thou off curses from our sacrifices. Agni. Varuna. their well beloved Friend art thou. How shall we pay oblation unto Agni? What hymn. Agni? What hymn of praise shall bring us greatest blessing? Or who hath gained thy power by sacrifices? or with what mind shall we bring thee oblations? 2 Come hither. Agni. 4 Thou Priest with lip and voice that bring us children hast been invoked. May Heaven and Earth. Agni. 4 Him in whose house an envoy thou lovest to taste his offered gifts. O Agni. [01-076] HYMN LXXVI. the ofterer forward steps. 5 Him. 5 As with oblations of the priestly Manus thou worshippedst the Gods. ACCEPT our loudest-sounding hymn. to him who offers gifts. all men call happy in his God. goes he forth: Agni. Thou God. true to Law. true to Law. O truthfullest Invoker Agni. 7 When. Agni. Godloved. Agni. A Friend whom friends may supplicate. deathless. to thine home. So now. knows them full well and worships them in spirit. is said to him refulgent? Who. Our precious. 2 Now. heroic. Bring them. strong. a Sage with sages. 2 Who.

So may the liberal lords whose strength is strongest. [01-080] HYMN LXXX. the clouds utter their thunder. through thy grace wealth that supporteth all our life. mightiest It thunder-armed. thou Son of Strength. With drops that bless and seem to smile he cometh: the waters fall. accept with love our hymns and our devotion. 2 Thee. best of Vrtra-slayers. 3 When he comes streaming with the milk of worship. thousand-eyed.like. 5 A pleasant song to Agni we. as thou art. good and wise. keen and swift. hast driven by force he Dragon from the earth. who near or afar assaileth us: Do thou increase and prosper us. 1. we Gotamas with sacred song exalt thee for thy glories' sake. against the Raksasas. stir our thoughts with vigour. a raging serpent. 1. In all our frays invincible. when the black Bull hath bellowed round about us. active workers. hath by the priestly Gotamas been lauded. ing. brought by the Hawk. O Agni. The pious Aryan tribes at sacrifices address them first to him who doeth marvels. thou of many forms. Thy favour so that we may live. with thine. worthy of our choice. thee who shakest off our Dasyu foes: We laud thee for thy glories' sake. THUS in the Soma. 11 May the man fall. 3 As such. shine radiantly on us. <42> . herald meet for lauds. HE in mid-air's expanse hath golden tresses. 1. in wild joy the Brahman hath exalted thee: Thou. Agni.3 For he is mental power. a man. 4 Thee. sons of Rahugana. desiring bliss present thy songs composed with care To Agni of the pointed flames. Burn. like the rushing tempest: Purely refulgent. Parijman fill the hide full where lies the nether press-stone. Agni. O JATAVEDAS. [01-078] HYMN LXXVIII. of the wondrous. like honourable dames. favour us. true to Order. lauding thine own imperial sway. 12 Keen and swift Agni. must be exalted in our song: Shine. 9 Give us. and perfect. 7 Adorable in all our rites. 5 Thus Agni Jatavedas. Vouchsafe to us. kindled. Agni. O Agni. desiring wealth Gotama worships with his song: We laud thee for thy glories' sake. Varuna. wealth. Indra. as he lists. friend-. thou whose teeth are sharp. have sung: We laud thee for thy glories' sake. knowing well the morn. urged by their riches. Agni. [01-079] HYMN LXXIX. 10 O Gotama. he is the bringer. high renown. Mitra. 8 Bring to us ever-conquering wealth. When the great hymn is chanted forth. he gathers increase. 2 The mighty flowing Soma-draught. 2 Thy well-winged flashes strengthen in their manner. hath gladdened thee. foe-destroyer. thou who art the lord of wealth in kine. chaseth the Raksasas afar: He singeth. 4 O Agni. conducting by directest paths of Order Aryaman. shining of thyself by night and when the morning breaks. like Angiras we call on thee best winner of the spoil: We laud thee for thy glories' sake.aid. 5 He. Agni. 6 O Agni. O Jatavetlas. 4 May Agni. true. manliest Hero. May he augment in them splendour and vigour: observant.

Indra. insight. Caster of the Stone. O Thunderer. This was his manly exploit. E'en Tvastar trembled at thy wrath and quaked with fear because of thee. to Indra hath the prayer been raised. each thing both fixed and moving shook. shout twenty forth the hymn of praise. fain to slay the Dragon. from the sky. 13 Whenwith the thunder thou didst make thy dart and Vrtra meet in war. lauding his own imperial sway. lauding thine own imperial sway. O Indra. 16 Still as of old. even this great Pair of Worlds trembled in terror at thy wrath. Indra. thou slewest Vrtra in thy strength. sublime. 3 When war and battles are on foot. lauding his own imperial sway. lauding thine own imperial sway. Thunderer. as he lists. 1. booty is laid before the bold. Indra. thou aidest the sacrificer. Marut-girt. lauding thine own imperial sway. unconquered might is thine. lauding his own imperial sway. <43> . meet the foe. 8 Far over ninety spacious floods thy thunderbolts were cast abroad: Great. their prayer and praise united in that Indra meet. 10 Indra hath smitten down the power of Vrtra. thou givest the offerer ample wealth. make us rich. verily. When. Whom wilt thou slay and whom enrich? Do thou. be bold. 12 But Vrtra scared not Indra with his shaking or his thunder roar. is thy might: stay Vrtra. terrible. Smote fierce on trembling Vrtra's back. he slew Vrtra and let loose the floods. Thy might. Indra. 5 He filled the earthly atmosphere and pressed against the lights in heaven.-might with stronger might. Indra. And.That in thy strength. Thou hast waxed mighty over all. lauding thine own imperial sway. O Thunder-armed. lauding his own imperial sway. 15 There is not. 4 Mighty through wisdom. Hundreds have sung aloud to him. will be born like thee. lauding thine own imperial sway. the Vrtra slayer. thou hast struck down Vrtra from the floods. lauding thine own imperial sway. seeketh prosperity for friends. lauding thine own imperial sway. is thy hero might. Manliness. O Indra. thy bolt of thunder is not checked. Lord of Bay Steeds. and loosed the waters free to run. power and might. [01-081] HYMN LXXXI. 5 The wrathful Indra with his bolt of thunder rushing on the foe. 14 When at thy shout. 4 Thou smotest Vrtra from the earth. Strengthening e'en the feeble. he hath waxed in strength. strong-jawed. whatever rite Atharvan. 3 Go forward. Yoke thou thy wildly-rushing Bays. 9 Laud him a thousand all at once. he in joined hands for glory's sake hath grasped his iron thunderbolt. Let these life-fostering waters flow attended by the Marut host. lauding his own imperial sway. we invocate in battles whether great or small: be he our aid in deeds of might. Hero. lauding his own imperial sway. none. was set firm in heaven. in our knowledge. lauding thine own imperial sway. Indra. lauding his own imperial sway. smotest him. art a warrior. 11 Yea. THE men have lifted Indra up. 6 With hundred-jointed thunderbolt Indra hath struck him on the back. one who passeth Indra in his strength: In him the Deities have stored manliness. On him that iron thunderbolt fell fiercely with its thousand points. Manus sire of all. None like thee ever hath been born. and strength is seated in thine arms. 2 Thou. thou art giver of abundant spoil. while rejoicing in the juice. make the waters thine. 7 Indra. For thou with thy surpassing power smotest to death the guileful beast. Dadhyach performed. Thunderer. to joy and strength: Him.

and bring us wealth. Indra. righteous-hearted. INDRA. 2 Well have they eaten and rejoiced. Now. As thou hast made us full of joy and lettest us solicit thee. 4 He will in very truth ascend the powerful car that finds the kine. Hero. Indra. thy Steeds be harnessed on the right and left. the wealth of men who offer up no gifts: bring thou to us this wealth of theirs. 3 Maghavan. [01-083] HYMN LXXXIII. Usana Kavya straightway hither drove the kine. GRACIOUSLY listen to our songs.6 May he who to the offerer gives the foeman's man-sustaining food. Maghavan. Indra. Thunderer. draw near to thy beloved Spouse. the mortal man well guarded by thine aid goes foremost in the wealth of horses and of kine. 4 First the Angirases won themselves vital power. Lord of Hundred Powers. yoke thy two Bay Steeds. Deal forth -abundant is thy wealth-that in thy bounty 1 may share. the cattle. at each time of rapture gives us herds of kine. yoke thy two Bay Steeds. Now. 5 Atharvan first by sacrifices laid the paths then. the friends have risen and passed away. --Indra in truth delights when these come near to him. Indra. the Tawny Coursers' harnesser. as round about the waters clearly seen afar fill Sindhu full. Indra. now. 6 With holy prayer I yoke thy long-maned pair of Bays: come hitherward. yoke thy two Bay Steeds. Indra. Where the stone rings as'twere a singer skilled in laud. The stirring draughts of juice outpoured have made thee glad: thou. hast rejoiced with Pusan and thy Spouse. Who thinks upon the well-filled bowl. Indra. Unchecked he dwells and prospers in thy law: thy power brings blessing to the sacrificer pouring gifts. May Indra lend his aid to us. praised thee with their latest hymn. Indra. Now. The men together found the Pani's hoarded wealth. as Lord. 9 These people. <44> . Thus praised. Indra. [01-082] HYMN LXXXII. 6 When sacred grass is trimmed to aid the auspicious work. Gather in both thy hands for us treasures of many hundred sorts. 7 He. Sharpen thou us. keep for thee all that is worthy of thy choice. guardian of the Law. 1. be not negligent. yoke thy two Bay Steeds. 1. according to our wish come now with richly laden car. 2 The heavenly Waters come not nigh the priestly bowl: they but look down and see how far mid-air is spread: The Deities conduct the pious man to them: like suitors they delight in him who loveth prayer. or the hymn makes its voice of praise sound to the sky. yoke thy two Bay Steeds. We know thee Lord of ample store. 3 Praiseworthy blessing hast thou laid upon the pair who with uplifted ladle serve thee. 5 Let. The sages luminous in themselves have. whose fires were kindled through good deeds and sacrifice. man and wife. Therewith in rapture of the juice. With amplest wealth thou fillest him. [01-084] HYMN LXXXIV. with the juice outpoured for bounty and for strength. Now. sprang up the loving Sun. Discover thou. Let us with offerings honour Yama's deathless birth. we will reverence thee who art so fair to look upon. and the wealth in horses and in kine. 8 Refresh thee. to thee have sent our hearts' desires: be therefore our Protector thou. thou holdest them in both thy hands.

Streams of the bright have flowed to thee here at the seat of holy Law. 13 With bones of Dadhyac for his arms. all riches hitherward from men. as the Sun fills mid-air with rays. 16 Who yokes to-day unto the pole of Order the strong and passionate steers of checkless spirit. and the People? 18 Who with poured oil and offering honours Agni. resistless in attack. The drops poured forth have made him glad: pay reverence to his might supreme. 17 Who fleeth forth? who suffereth? who feareth? Who knoweth Indra present. 10 The juice of Soma thus diffused. O Indra. come. good in their own supremacy. there is no better charioteer: None hath surpassed thee in thy might. The milch-kine dear to Indra send forth his death-dealing thunderbolt. The ruler of resistless power. The Maruts have made heaven and earth increase and grow: in sacrifices they delight.Verily Indra gains thereby tremendous might. 11 Craving his touch the dappled kine mingle the Soma with their milk. God-favoured. immortal. 12 With veneration. 8 When will he trample. swift racers. O Mightiest. health-bestowing? Long shall he live who richly pays their service. Indra. Indra near us? Who sendeth benediction on his offspring. thou lover of mankind. found At Suryanavan what he sought. thy Bay Steeds have been yoked by prayer. good Lord. verily blessest mortal man. <45> . Who for the sake of splendour close to mighty Indra's side rejoice. heart-piercing. Here in the mansion of the Moon. 5 Sing glory now to Indra. the man who hath no gift for him? When. thou dost yoke thy Steeds. let not thy saving help fail us. none with good steeds o'ertaken thee. the pressing-stone draw thine attention hitherward. removed among the mountains. wealth and person. 20 Let not thy bounteous gifts. With shaft-armed mouths. 15 Then verily they recognized the essential form of Tvastar's Bull. the Sons whom Prani bare. verily. 6 When. Struck nine-and-ninety Vrtras dead. at any time. say to him your solemn eulogies. on their way. like a weed. honouring his victorious might. O Maghavan. passing wise.1. Rudra's Sons. Indra. May Indra-vigour fill thee full. the Rudras have established their abode in heaven. sweet to the taste. 3 Slayer of Vrtra. they have put glory on. searching for the horse's head. good in their own supremacy. there is no comforter but thou: Indra. 2 Grown to their perfect strength greatness have they attained. And measure out to us. the strong and wild. drink. May. I speak my words to thee. Singing their song of praise and generating might. 4 This poured libation. [01-085] HYMN LXXXV. good in their own supremacy. 7 He who alone bestoweth on mortal man who offereth gifts. 1. with its voice. THEY who are glancing forth. the bright cows drink. The Soma hath been pressed for thee. mount thy car. will Indra hear our songs of praise? 9 He who with Soma juice prepared amid the many honours thee. doers of mighty deeds. excellent. They follow close his many laws to win them due preeminence. with ladle worships at appointed seasons? To whom to the Gods bring oblation quickly? What offerer. like women. Maruts. Indra. gladdening. 2 His pair of Tawny Coursers bring Indra of unresisted might Hither to Rsis' songs of praise and sacrifice performed by men. his household. sure. knows him thoroughly? 19 Thou as a God. is Indra. 14 He. bold One. mightiest.

like combatants fame-seeking have they striven in war. O Maruts. 8 In sooth like heroes fain for fight they rush about. in many an autumn. 6 For. they shine in bright attire. Come ye forward with your arms. bounteous Givers. urging the thunderbolt. ye the host that send the rain. 4 Upon this hero's sacred grass Soma is poured in daily rites: Praise and delight are sung aloud. Maruts. 10 They with their vigorous strength pushed the well up on high. the earth with waterfloods. and on their fair limbs lay their golden ornaments. They drive away each adversary from their path. The Maruts. 11 They drave the cloud transverse directed hitherward. him surpassing all men: strength be his That reaches even to the Sun. 8 O Heroes truly strong. ye know the toil of him who sings your praise. When Visnu saved the Soma bringing wild delight. had harnessed to your cars the thought-fleet spotted deer. 9 O ye of true strength. Shining with varied light they come to him with help: they with their might fulfilled the longing of the sage. sending forth their voice. O Maruts. O Maruts. Sit on the grass. When. Forth rush the torrents of the dark red stormy cloud. and forced the flood of water forth. 5 Let the strong Maruts hear him. [01-086] HYMN LXXXVI. stepped to the firmament and made their dwelling wide. Give us. Children of the Cow. terrible to behold. O Maruts. 5 When ye have harnessed to your cars the spotted deer. Whose offerings ye bear away. and. with thousand edges. ye who glitter with your spears. in the wild joy of Soma wrought their glorious deeds. The heart's desire of him who loves. giants of the sky. like a skin. fashioned more skilfully. 7 Strong in their native strength to greatness have they grown. listen to the call. Vrtra he slew. THE best of guardians hath that man within whose dwelling place ye drink. golden. 9 When Tyastar deft of hand had turned the thunderbolt. mighty Warriors. in the pleasant food. and clove the cloud in twain though it was passing strong. to the fray. Indra received it to perform heroic deeds. ye Maruts. a wide scat hath been made for you: delight yourselves. 3 Yea. fatness floweth down. 2 Honoured with sacrifice or with the worship of the sages' hymns. O ye Maruts. 6 Let your swift-gliding coursers bear you hitherward with their fleet pinions. the strong man to whom ye have vouchsafed to give a sage. Before the Maruts every creature is afraid: the men are like to Kings.3 When. make this thing manifest by your greatness . we Have offered up our sacrifice. shall move Into a stable rich in kine. o'erthrowing with your strength e'en what is ne'er o'erthrown. 7 Fortunate shall that mortal be. the Maruts sate like birds on their dear holy grass. through the swift Gods' loving help. O Heroes. 12 The shelters which ye have for him who lauds you. following their traces. 4 When. 1. Maruts.strike <46> . O Maruts most adorable. and moisten. and poured the fountain forth for thirsting Gotama. bestow them threefold on the man who offers. wealth with noble offipring. Extend the same boons unto us.

Armed with their swords. 1. Maruts. Drop fatness. grant felicity. Brilliant like gold is he who holds the thunder. searcher out of sin: so thou. haply. auspicious. May Sarasvati. 4 May the Wind waft to us that pleasant medicine. O Maruts. It rusheth freely from our hands as these. the Asvins. bestbeloved. honey-hued. 3 We call them hither with a hymn of olden time. armed with lances. endued with power and might. 5 No hymn way ever known like this aforetime which Gotama sang forth for you. Fly unto us with noblest food. then only they obtained their sacrificial names. unhindered. never humbled. stirs itself. The Gotamas making their prayer with singing have pushed the well's lid up to drink the water. Mitra. 1. impetuous. When. winged with steeds. may Earth our Mother give it. a few in number only. our tongue. sportive. our guardians day by day unceasing in their care. 2 May the auspicious favour of the Gods be ours. They. Earth have they smitten with the chariot's felly. they had joined Indra in toil of fight. back. like birds. Visvedevas. 4 The days went round you and came back O yearners. They have displayed themselves with glittering ornaments. full of strength. in motion. Aryaman. [01-087] HYMN LXXXVII Maruts. Bhaga. to this prayer and to this solemn worship. with spotted steeds. when on their ways they yoke their cars for victory. armed with glittering spears. MAY powers auspicious come to us from every side. Aditi. Truthful art thou. 4 Self-moving is that youthful band. 2 When. on the steeps ye pile the moving cloud. and blameless. 10 Conceal the horrid darkness. Maruts. Strong Host. <47> . For your sake. 6 To you this freshening draught of Soma rusheth. tawny coursers which speed their chariots on. O ye of mighty power. ye are like birds on whatsoever path it be. sounding with sweet songs. [01-089] HYMN LXXXIX. they come for glory. 6 Splendours they gained for glory. impetuous and fearing naught. never deceived. and our Father Heaven. manliest. wild boars rushing about with tusks of iron. immovable. and men to celebrate their praise. Varuna. Create the light for which we long. for him who sings your praise. 5 We speak by our descent from our primeval Sire. libations wont to flow. and victorious. As they stir woods so may they stir our spirits. like the heavens with stars. have they set the stone. [01-088] HYMN LXXXVIII. Clouds everywhere shed forth the rain upon your cars.The demon with your thunderbolt. 2 With their red-hued or. COME hither. 3 For beauty ye have swords upon your bodies. The friendship of the Gods have we devoutly sought: so may the Gods extend our life that we may live. they have possessed the Maruts' own beloved home. wilt be protector of this prayer. That the Gods ever may be with us for our gain. shouting. thus it hath lordly sway. when we behold the Soma. on your lightning laden cars. drive far from us each devouring fiend. 3 Earth at their racings trembles as if weak and worn. Maruts. 1. Soma. LOUD Singers. like the voice of one who prayeth. What time upon your golden wheels he saw you. loudly roaring. themselves admire their mightiness. active. shakers of all. rays they obtained. O ye Maruts very mighty and well-born. they who wear bright rings. O Maruts. the friendly Daksa. on us descend the bounty of the righteous Gods.

<48> . [01-090] HYMN XC. Our wise forefathers by thy guidance. yea. Vrtra-slayer thou: Thou art auspicious energy. the Master of all wealth. 2 For they are dealers forth of wealth. Sons of Prani. our keeper and our guard infallible for our good. O Soma. art preeminent for wisdom. and full of sweets the Sun: May our milch-kine be sweet for us. Aditi is all Gods. and Mitra lead us. King. Bless us with all prosperity. our oblations. 5 Yea. Visnu. 7 The Maruts. and. and in the waters. and Visnu of the mighty stride. Immortal Gods to mortal men. May Tarksya with uninjured fellies prosper us: Brhaspati vouchsafe to us prosperity. within whose space ye bring our bodies to decay. Asvins. 1. 9 A hundred autumns stand before us. And Aryaman in accord with Gods. 8 Gods. the Lord of all that stands or moves. 2 Thou by thine insight art most wise. by glories art thou glorious. 7 Sweet be the night and sweet the dawns. is thy glory. 6 Illustrious far and wide.With all of these. 9 Be Mitra gracious unto us. inspirer of the soul. Sages whose tongue is Agni. borne by spotted steeds. ye Holy Ones.-hither let all the Gods for our protection come. Aditi is the Mother and the Sire and Son. 4 May they mark out our paths to bliss. brilliant as the Sun. in heaven. 4 With all thy glories on the earth. Brhaspati be kind. O royal Soma. along the straightest path thou art our leader. lofty and deep. 3 Shelter may they vouchsafe to us. 3 Thine are King Varuna's eternal statutes. in the plants. O Soma. Aditi all that hath been bom and shall be born. well-pleased and not in anger. for whom our spirits long. adorable. 6 And.And the joy-giving stones that press the Soma's juice. the rivers pour sweets for the man who keeps the Law So may the plants be sweet for us. on mountains. Soma. not deluded. 8 May the tall tree be full of sweets for us. hear this. 1. Soma. With limbs and bodies firm may we extolling you attain the term of life appointed by the Gods. Break ye not in the midst our course of fleeting life. moving in glory. may Indra prosper us: may Pusan prosper us. the Gods to be adored. Sweet be our Father Heaven to us. Aditi five-classed men. he who knows. Thou. sweet the terrestrial atmosphere. enrich our hymns with kine. Visvedevas. dealt out among the Gods their share of treasure. may ye. That Pusan may promote the increase of our wealth. with their might Guard evermore the holy laws. Soma. 5 Thou. let it be thy wish that we may live and may not die: Praise-loving Lord of plants art thou. Indu. art the Lord of heroes. oft visiting holy rites. Mighty art thou by all thy powers and greatness. ye who run your course. Within whose space our sons become fathers in turn. may we with our ears listen to what is good. O ye Gods. MAY Varuna with guidance straight. All-pure art thou like Mitra the beloved. 5 Him we invoke for aid who reigns supreme. Indra. and Varuna and Aryaman: Indra. 10 Aditi is the heaven. [01-091] HYMN XCI Soma. the Maruts. Aditi is mid-air. Pusan. and with our eyes see what is good. and Bhaga. Chasing our enemies away. like Aryaman. Pusan. guide of mortals. 6 The winds waft sweets. accept. strong by thine energies and all possessing. O Soma.

Waxing to immortality.7 To him who keeps the law. Soma. on all sides from him who threatens us: never let The friend of one like thee be harmed. for the worshipper. O most gladdening Soma. most gracious One. like a dancer. may they all invest our worship. the Red Cows have they harnessed. Soma. great through all thy rays of light. and powers and mighty foe-subduing vigour. win for us a share of riches. keep us. it spreads and drives away the darkiorne monster. 1. victor. Creating light for all the world of life. a fleet steed and a man of active knowledge. thou givest happiness. victorious. The Dawns have brought distinct perception as before: red-hued. in the eastern half of the mid-air they spread abroad their shinine light. onward they come bright red in hue. 14 O Soma. the mortal man who in thy friendship hath delight. Be. 8 Guard us. 21 Invincible in fight. as milch-kine in the grassy meads. from distress: Be unto us a gracious Friend. the Dawn hath laid the darkness open as the cows their stall. O Soma. along their common path hither from far away. and be A Friend of most illustrious fame t6 prosper us. and with the light thou hast dispelled the darkness.. both old and young. 12 Enricher. with our sacred songs: Come thou to us. Him doth the mighty Sage befriend. exceeding famous. well-housed. And energy that he may live. O Soma: win highest glories for thyself in heaven. O Soma. God Soma. come. THESE Dawns have raised their banner. Let none prevent thee: thou art Lord of valour. 17 Wax.Even with those protect thou us. thou hast generated. Soma. 19 Such of thy glories as with poured oblations men honour. they have attained their fulgent brilliancy. with thy Godlike spirit. easy to be yoked. prospering our store. healer of disease. saver in battles. winner of light and water. Skilled in home duties. 23 Do thou. King Soma. for council meet. yea. wax great. And be thou nigh to prosper us. 3 They sing their song like women active in their tasks. all these. Dawn. Born amid hymns. Like heroes who prepare their weapons for the war. 13 Soma. 20 To him who worships Soma gives the milchcow. 10 Accepting this our sacrifice and this our praise. 9 With those delightful aids which thou hast. meet for holy synod. 11 Well-skilled in speech we magnify thee. 15 Save us from slanderous reproach. come. in thee will we rejoice. Bringing refreshment to the liberal devotee. 5 We have beheld the brightness of her shining. O Soma. Soma. As a young man in his own house. Provide for both sides in the fray for booty. [01-092] HYMN XCII. be happy in our heart. <49> . these milch-kine. all things to the worshipper who pours the juice. guard of our camp. 2 Readily have the purple beams of light shot up. O Soma. The spacious firmament bast thou expanded. the Mother Cows. to our houses. wealth-finder. a glory to his father. sparing the brave. From every side may vigorous powers unite in thee: Be in the gathering-place of strength. furtherer with troops of heroes. 4 She. Wealth-giver. 22 These herbs. puts her broidered garments on: as a cow yields her udder so she bares her breast. 16 Soma. a good Friend to us. 16 In thee be juicy nutriments united. God. and these running waters.

widely spreading with her bright eye westward. 6 We have o'erpast the limit of this darkness. Agni and Soma. a light that giveth light to man. 6 One of you Mitarisvan brought from heaven. Vouchsafe us good protection and kind favour: grant to the sacrificer health and riches. the Falcon rent the other from the mountain. 3 The man who offers holy oil and burnt oblations unto you. the Lady shines with all her lover's splendour. and noble steeds. Never transgressing the divine commandments. 2 The man who honours you to-day. troops of slaves. She like a flatterer smiles in light for glory. bring strength bither unto us. from Pani. the blessed One shines forth extending her rays like kine. O Asvius. urged onward by thy strength. AgniSoma. conspicuous with kine and horses. 7 Taste. Dawn breaking forth again brings clear perception. prowess wherewith ye stole the kine. renowned and ample. Strengthened by holy prayer Agni and Soma have made us ample room for sacrificing. Do ye. The Goddess wastes away the life of mortals. Dawn. grant to the sacrificer great felicity. borne on paths of gold. famed is that your. in brave sons. Agni. bestow on us the wondrous gift Wherewith we may support children and children's sons. [01-093] HYMN XCIII. Soma. and let it please you. decking her beauty with the self-same raiment. may I gain that wealth. unto him who worships you with holy oil <50> . the Goddess shines. 4 Agni and Soma. mates in wealth. And then bring thou unto us all felicities. far-famed for horses. Dawn. as a flood rolls his waters. Waking to motion every living creature. 10 Ancient of days. all his life. 7 The Gotamas have praised Heaven's radiant Daughter. the leader of the charm of pleasant voices. 9 Invoked together. Agni-Sona. with offspring. again again born newly. Agni and Soma. 18 Hither may they who wake at dawn bring.Like tints that deck the Post at sacrifices. Diminishing the days of human creatures. she is beheld visible with the sunbeams. joined in operation ye have set up the shining lights in heaven. 13 O Dawn enriched with ample wealth. 8 O thou who shinest forth in wondrous glory. shall enjoy great strength. 15 O Dawn enriched with holy rites. thou conferrest on us strength with offspring and men. 1 AGNI and Soma. 17 Ye who brought down the hymn from heaven. accept it. yoke to thy car thy purple steeds. auspicious Lady. Heaven's Daughter hath attained her wondrous splendour. Ye caused the brood of Brsaya to perish. the single light for many. mighty Pair. accept our hymns: Together be among the Gods. this prepared oblation. 8 Whoso with oil and poured oblation honours. she understands the voice of each adorer. Agni and Soma. like a skilled hunter cutting birds in pieces. preserve him from distress. with God-devoted heart. and fair of face hath wakened to rejoice us. with this hymn. Accept in friendly wise my hymn. 12 The bright. 5 Agni and Soma. graciously hearken to my call. to drink Soma both the Gods Health-givers Wonder-Workers. Agni and Soma. his food. do ye unanimous direct Your chariot to our home wealthy in kine and gold. ye freed the rivers that were bound in fetters. Mighty Ones. 9 Bending her looks on all the world. 14 Thou radiant mover of sweet sounds. ye found the light. O Dawn auspiciously. From curse and from reproach. and prosper him who offers gifts. 10 Agni and Soma. 16 O Asvins wonderful in act. Bestow on him heroic strength. 11 She hath appeared discovering heaven's borders: to the far distance she drives off her Sister. increase of kine.Protect his sacrifice. with wealth of horses and of kine Shine thou on us this day.

8 Gods. let their hearts he turned to us again. Agni. suffer harm. is this care of ours. For good. great High Priest by birth. Agni. Purifier. protecting quadruped and biped with their rays. Let us not in thy friendship. Agni. Agni. 13 Thou art a God. reminding thee at each successive festival. fulgent among mankind with native splendour. alike on every side. Let us not in thy friendship. Then is it easy for thee and thy car to pass. Agni 1 FOR Jatavedas worthy of our praise will we frame with our mind this eulogy as 'twere a car. Agni. Fulfil our thought that so we may prolong our lives. invoked with Soma thou soundest forth most benign. Under. Be gracious. Agni. eating-up the grass. 10 When to thy chariot thou hadst yoked two red steeds and two ruddy steeds. Then to the singer give free way for sacrifice. suffer harm. suffer harm. wind-sped. Lord of goodly riches. 4 We will bring fuel and prepare burnt offerings. Let us not in thy friendship. Let us not in thy friendship. Sage. Bring hither the Adityas. 2 Tvastar's ten daughters. Thou givest wealth and treasure to the worshipper. suffer harm. Let us not in thy friendship. in thy friendship. [01-094] HYMN XCIV. in his assembly. Let us not in thy friendship. Let us riot. is he with the other. Agni. together. 11 Then at thy roar the very birds are terrified. thou Director. 14 This is thy grace that. suffer harm. thou art the wondrous Friend of Gods. and cause our holy rites to be successful. Agni. Agni. vigilant and youthful. ship. [01-095] HYMN XCV. thou who knowest all good fortune. Fulfil our thoughts. Agni. 2 The man for whom thou sacrificest prospereth. Let us not in thy friendship. Whom with good strength thou quikenest. in thy friendship. the wondrous herald of the Dawn. 11 Agni and Sonia. and let our hymn prevail o'er evil-hearted men. for we long for them.Shine forth an ample recompense. To fair goals travel Two unlike in semblance: each in succession nourishes an infant. Thou with smoke-bannered flame attackest forest trees. and Mitra. He waxeth strong. 5 His ministers move forth. Eternal Being. distress never approacheth him. thine own most wide protection may we dwell. They bear around him whose long flames are pointed. Agni. Let us not in thy friendship. the Vasu of the Vasus. <51> . when. dwelleth without a foe. cherish well our horses. Agni. whether near or tar away. and Aditi and Sindhu. God. suffer harm. Knowing all priestly work thou perfectest it. 3 May we have power to kindle thee. foremost he his car who pours libations out. Earth and Heaven. Agni. though far. O God. 12 He hath the Power to soothe Mitra and Varuna: wonderful is the Maruts' wrath when they descend. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. gaineth heroic might. Agni. devouring demons. suffer harm. thou shinest brightly as if close at hand. Attend to this our speech and make it prosper well. suffer harm. kindled in thine own abode. 12 Agni and Soma. thou seest through even the dark of night. and let our cows be fat who yield oblations. produced this Infant borne to sundry quarters. suffer harm. lengthen here the days of our existence. grantest freedom from every sin with perfect wholeness. fair in sacrifice. suffer harm. Let us not. suffer harm. the guardians of the folk. suffer harm. Mighty art thou. One bears a Godlike Babe of golden colour. 16 Such. 6 Thou art Presenter and the chief Invoker. Agni 1. 9 Smite with thy weapons those of evil speech and thought. be ye pleased with these oblations brought to you. Agni. Let us not in thy friendship. nigh to us. Let us not in thy friendship. Grant power to us and to our wealthy patrons. 7 Lovely of form art thou. 15 To whom thou. thy roar was like a bull's. suffer harm. Let us not in thy friendship. with children and wealth-may we be they. suffer harm. Let us not in thy friend. In thee the Gods eat the presented offering. And come. thy sparks fly forth abroad. bright and fair-shining.

they balm with their oblations. May his light chase our sin away. Father of earth and heaven. Three several places of his birth they honour. and in the waters. and course. and moves among the new fresh-sprouting grasses. from the waters' bosom he goes forth. 6 Root of wealth. When he was born both Tvastar's worlds were frightened: they turn to him and reverence the Lion. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. He is the Lord of Might among the mighty. heaven and the waters. foremost. 7 Now and of old the home of wealth. Well-tended. fair. Agni. he grows in native brightness uplifted in the lap of waving waters. gathering-place of treasures. so blaze to us auspiciously for glory. our chiefs who sacrifice. decking him in his home with milk and waters. The waters and the bowl have made him friendly. and length of days may the Wealth-Giver send us. like women. banner of sacrifice. thine. The Gods possessed the wealth bestowing Agni. 8 He makes him a most noble form of splendour. the mansion of what is born and what was born aforetime. on the right. 8 May the Wealth-Giver grant us conquering riches. The Gods possessed the wealth bestowing Agni. from his Mothers draws he forth new raiment. [01-096] HYMN XCVI. The germ of many. and inundates the earth with floods that glisten. Guard of what is and what will be hereafter. CHASING with light our sin away. 10 In dry spots he makes stream. he strives grasping the world's two borders. him. and Mitra. awful. and Aditi and Sindhu. Agni. in the heaven. [01-097] HYMN XCVII. this is the meeting where the Gods are worshipped. and Aditi and Sindhu. 9 Wide through the firmament spreads forth triumphant the far-resplendent strength of' thee the Mighty. 2 At Ayu's ancient call he by his wisdom gave all this progeny of men their being. May the Wealth-Giver grant us food with offspring. 5 Night and Dawn. and torrent. May his light chase our sin away. Earth and Heaven. The Gods possessed the wealth bestowing Agni. for wealth we sacrifice to thee. Governing in the cast of earthly regions. 9 Fed with our fuel. the Gods possessed the wealth-bestowing Agni. 3 Praise him. meeting together suckle one same Infant: Golden between the heaven and earth he shineth. of Godlike nature. He forces out from all a brilliant vesture. May his light chase our sin away. The Sage adorns the depths of air with wisdom . by refulgent light. 1. 4 Who of you knows this secret One? The Infant by his own nature hath brought forth his Mothers. Agni. <52> . 6 The Two auspicious Ones. Son of Strength. may the Wealth-Giver grant us wealth with heroes. 1. ye Aryan folk. in mid-air. tend him: like lowing cows they seek him in their manner. shine thou wealth on us. and Mitra. as chief performer of sacrifice adored and ever toiling. 4 So that thy worshippers and we. HE in the ancient way by strength engendered. in our sons may live. O Agni. so blaze to us auspiciously for glory. The Gods possessed the wealth. for pleasant homes. light-winner. 3 Best praiser of all these be he. finds a pathway for his offispring. purifying Agni. Guard of our folk. 7 Like Savitar his arms with might he stretches. 2 For goodly fields. And. Earth and Heaven. bestowing Agni. yea. wise and great. the seasons hath he stablished in their order.3. All ancient things within his maw he gathers. purifying Agni. changing each the other's colour. who grants the suppliant's wishes: Preserving him as their own life immortal. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. 11 Fed with our fuel. May his light chase our sin away. Kindled by us do thou preserve us. Agni. the Constant Giver. with all thy self-bright undiminished succours.-the Gods possessed the wealth bestowing Agni. The Gods possessed the wealth bestowing Agni. lo! straight hath taken to himself all wisdom. 5 Visible. 4 That Matarisvan rich in wealth and treasure.

9 He with his left hand checketh even the mighty. be our succour.-may Indra. the folk have made him guardian of their comfort. 7 O thou whose face looks every way. heroes for help and booty shall betake them. [01-100] HYMN C. 1. guard of the Five Peoples. girt by Maruts. In strength like Soma. girt by Maruts. 1. May his light chase our sin away. bear us past foes as in a ship. 11 When in his ways with kinsmen or with strangers he speedeth to the fight. May Agni. 3 Be this thy truth. the Mighty. Sole Lord is he of every holy service. 2 Whose way is unattainable like Surya's: he in each fight is the strong Vrtra-slayer. with boundless knowledge. thou art triumphant everywhere. 4 Among Angirases he was the chiefest. may Indra. present. the King supreme of earth and spacious heaven. be our succour. 2 Present in heaven. in manly battle conquering his foemen ' With his close comrades doing deeds of glory. in earth. Vaisvanara hath rivalry with Surya. forthmilking. be our succour. through grief as in a boat across the river. invoked of many. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. Indra. [01-099] HYMN XCIX. 8 To him the Hero. be oursuccour. heaven's genial moisture. be our succour. May his light chase our sin away. May he this day gain with our men the sunlight.5 As ever. girt by Maruts. Mightiest with his Friends in his own courses. and with his righthand gathereth up the booty. be our succour. For gain of waters. fiend-slayer. honoured most of singers. girt by Maruts. preserve us day and night from foemen. 13 Winning the light. May Indra. 6 To every side thy face is turned. [01-098] HYMN XCVIII Agni. God invoked of many. Lord of true power. be our succour. May his light chase our sin away. be our succour. hitherward roars his thunder like the terrific mighty voice of Heaven. 6 Humbler of pride. to he invoked in battles. girt by Maruts. May Indra. May Indra. may Indra. and Mitra. He hath found light even in the blinding darkness. girt by Maruts. Agni. FOR Jatavedas let us press the Soma: may he consume the wealth of the malignant. he is King supreme o'er all things living. May Indra. Even with the humble he acquireth riches. 8 As in a ship. to us-ward: let wealth in rich abundance gather round us.-all plants that grow on ground hath he pervaded. may Vaisvanara with vigour. May Indra. STILL in Vaisvanara's grace may we continue: yea. a Friend with friends. be our succour. May his light chase our sin away.conquering Agni's beams of splendour go to every side. be our succour. With manly might he conquereth those who hate him. all-present Agni.-may Indra. hymned by hundreds. Sprung hence to life upon this All he looketh. May Agni carry us through all our troubles. <53> . on high days of prowess. Rich gifts and treasures evermore attend him. girt by Maruts. Vaisvanara. mighty. 7 His help hath made him cheerer in the battle. and Aditi and Sindhu. thunder-wielder. 12 Awful and fierce. girt by Maruts. Earth and Heaven. girt by Maruts. be our succour. May Indra. 1. MAY he who hath his home with strength. Praiser mid praisers. as it were. 10 With hosts on foot and cars he winneth treasures: well is he known this day by all the people. exciter of the conflict. and of sons and grandsons. mighty amid the mighty. With manly strength triumphant. convey thou us for our advantage o'er the flood. girt by Maruts.-may Indra. girt by Maruts. May Indra. the Lord of heroes. 3 Whose paths go forth in their great might resistless. be our succour. 5 Strong with the Rudras as with his own children. May Indra. foe-subduer. girt by Maruts. be our succour. girt by Maruts.

yea in him victorious through his strength. and Aditi and Sindhu. the sunlight. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. O Indra. Who extirpated Susna the insatiate. Come thence unto our rite. to whom all beings turn their constant thought. Indra. who for the Brahman first before all found the Cows. let thy Bay Steeds bring thee: gracious to us. whose law the rivers follow as they flow. Sahadeva. he our succour. Ambarisa. Rjrasva with his fellows. much invoked. Both Earth and Heaven in vigour he surpasseth. 4 He who is Lord and Master of the steeds and kine. girt by Maruts. and Varuna and Surya keep his holy law. have pressed Soma. and the waters. and Mitra. Bhayamana. among the hosts of men was noted.at every holy act. 2 The Seven Rivers bear his glory far and wide. girt by Maruts. who with triumphant wrath smote Vyamsa down. The mighty Thunderer with his fair-complexioned friends won the land. 2 Indra. get ourselves the booty. strong Indra. Earth and Heaven. Thou with the fair cheek. 9 We. unclose thy jaws and let thy lips be open. him the strong whose right hand wields the bolt. may we through Indra. May Indra. 7 Refulgent in the Rudras' region he proceeds. Suradhas. nor mortal men have reached. for thy desire hath been gratified by my laud. 15 The limit of whose power not Gods by Godhead. and Pipru the unrighteous one. praise to him who maketh glad.-him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. his laud. 11 Guards of the camp whose praisers are the Maruts. -him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. with all thy Maruts. 3 He whose great work of manly might is heaven and earth. who with Rjisvan drove the dusky brood away. Indra. 8 O girt by Maruts. celestial who. In Indra. be our succour. hath slain Dasyus and Simyus. the earth and heaven. and Aditi and Sindhu. 5 He who is Lord of all the world that moves and breathes. to bring Rjrasva riches. Now at this sacrifice. delighted with our service. O thou sought with prayer. To thee the Mighty One I bring this mighty hymn. Fain for help. Indra. true boon-best-ower: through love of thee have we prepared oblations. on sacred grass. whether thou delight thee in loftiest gathering-place or lowly dwelling. 10 Rejoice thee with thine own Bay Steeds. and. O team-borne God. fain for thee. 1. SING. 18 He. [01-102] HYMN CII.-him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. the Gods have joyed at feast and when the Soma flowed.-him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. Drew at the pole the chariot yoked with stallions. May Indra. Stayer even of the strong who pours no offering out. and Mitra. 17 The Varsagiras unto thee. nor yet the Waters. rejoice thee. [01-101] HYMN CI. May he. save us. 6 Whom cowards must invoke and valiant men of war. <54> . joyous. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. Indra who cast the Dasyus down beneath his feet. invoked by those who conquer and by those who flee. him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. The hymn of praise extols Indra the far-renowned: him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. the Mighty One. he pleased with our oblation. Earth and Heaven. O Indra. and unimperilled may we win the booty. have made oblations. sing forth this laud to please thee. Indra. and heaven and sky and earth display his comely form. 16 The red and tawny mare. high standing. honoured -the firm and sure.14 Whose home eternal through his strength surrounds him on every side. him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend. and Sambara. 19 May Indra evermore be our protector. 1. and with the Rudras through the wide space speeds the Dame. after his wont. and laid them low with arrows. blaze-marked. with oblation.

7 Thy glory. Earth and Heaven. 6 His arms win kine. in trifling battles in those of great account. This prayer of ours may Vartuna grant and Mitra. rent Rauhipa to death and slaughtered Vyarnsa. with thee for our ally. nature. O Maghavan. 5 See this abundant wealth that he possesses. Loosen thy flying Steeds. 7 Well didst thou do that hero deed. foremost in attack. and he found the horses. Lord men and the three realms of light. Above this whole world. [01-104] HYMN CIV. 1. THE altar hath been made for thee to rest on: come like a panting courser and be seated. the Mighty One. set free thy Horses who bear thee swiftly nigh at eve and morning. Ascend the car that thou mayest bring spoil to us. Indra. and Mitra. 2 He spread the wide earth out and firmly fixed it. Indra. 4 Encourage thou our side in every fight: may we. to us who love thee well. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. May Indra fill with spirit this our singer's heart. thou hast waxen great: without a foe art thou. 4 For him who thus hath taught these human races. Earth and Heaven. This one is on the earth. to him the strong Bull let us pour the Soma. Thou. at the Dasyu. Indra. Hence. THAT highest Indra-power of thine is distant: that which is here sages possessed aforetime. bestow on us joy and felicity break down. his power is boundless in each act best. and put your trust in Indra's hero vigour. grant shelter. more than a hundred. casts foam amid the waters. may behold and may have faith. Dames divine rejoiced them. in waking with thy bolt the slumbering Ahi. Indra.The Sun and Moon in change alternate run their course. The Hero. Thunderer. O Indra. eager for the spoil the people call on him. 3 Armed with his bolt and trusting in his prowess he wandered shattering the forts of Dasas. holder of treasures. Both wives of Kuyava in milk have bathed them: may they be drowned within the depth of Sipha. Indra. in heaven the other. Vrtra and Kuyava. and hast not kept the booty back. smote with his thunderbolt and loosed the waters. thy fixt winneth the victory. when we defy the foe. 3 Maghavan. the flying Maruts and all Gods were joyful. from of old. Maghavan. knowing. watching like a thief in ambush. 6 To him the truly strong. grant us that same car to bring us spoil. 2 These men have come to Indra for assistance: shall he not quickly come upon these pathways? May the Gods quell the fury of the Dasa. O Indra. Indra. He found the cattle. whose deeds are many. <55> . the vigour of our foes. and both unite as flag with flag in battle. with a hundred helps waker of battle's din Is Indra: none may rival him in mighty strength. and may they lead our folk to happy fortune. 8 As thou hast smitten Susna. delighted. Cast thy dart. goes parting the possessions of the godless. bearing a fame-worthy title. 3 He who hath only wish as his possession casts on himself. the forests and the waters. 1. and Aditi and Sindhu. Thunderer. conquer the foeman's host. 10 Thou hast prevailed. than a thousand mid the folk. exceeds a hundred yea. Indra. [01-103] HYMN CIII. Maghavan with his puissance struck down Ahi. 9 We invocate thee first among the Deities: thou hast become a mighty Conquer in fight. for. 11 May Indra evermore be our Protector. 5 For here in divers ways these men invoking thee. whom our hearts praise highly in the war. Maghavan. We make thee keen. Pipru. and Aditi and Sindhu. succour us: inspire us. and make our car impetuous. drawing nigh to slay the Dasyus. the three earths. and unimperilled may we win the booty. in thee. and Sambara's forts O Indra. thy conquering car in which we joy in shock of fight. increase the Arya's might and glory. that we. he found the plants. sing hymns to win thine aid. Maghavan. Maghavan. The great bowl hath inspirited thee boundlessly: so mayst thou slay the Vrtras breaker-down of forts! 8 Of thy great might there is a three counterpart. hath given himself the name of Son for glory.

as she who knows her home. 6 What is your firm support of Law? What Varuna's observant eye? How may we pass the wicked on the path of mighty Aryaman? Mark this my woe. do not thou forsake us: steal not away the joys which we delight in. ye Earth and Heaven. Mark this my woe. and meet to be told forth. ye Earth and Heaven. 3 O never may that light . Mark this my woe ye Earth and Heaven. return. ye Earth and Heaven. 2 Surely men crave and gain their wish. Mark this my woe. and speaketh out for brotherhood. 8 Like rival wives on every side enclosing ribs oppress me sore. he sought the dwelling. ye Earth and Heaven. Back from his path they drive the wolf as he would cross the restless floods. Widely-capacious. O Satakratu. And. WITHIN the waters runs the Moon. ye Earth and Heaven. Mark this my woe. 9 Where those seven rays are shining. sinlessness. food and drink when hungry. Mark this my woe. 1. singer of thy praise. 13 Worthy of laud. Now think thou of us. 12 Firm is this new-wrought hymn of praise. Mark this my woe. as such. Anjasi. give us a share of sunlight. Drink thereof for rapture. 5 Ye Gods who yonder have your home in the three lucid realms of heaven. ye Earth and Heaven. Rend not our unborn brood. bring thou the Gods for sacrifice. Yet torturing cares consume me as the wolf assails the thirsty deer. of waters. Kulisi. strong Lord of Bounty! our vessels with the life that is within them. delighting him. Ye lightnings with your golden wheels. Mighty One. ye Earth and Heaven. invocated. Mark this my woe. the spring of our felicity. Having together swiftly borne my praises to the Gods. Visvedevas. O Agni. to ample riches. he with the beauteous wings in heaven. 14 Here seated. O Gods. Here seat thee like a man: most wise. ye Earth and Heaven. What count ye truth and what untruth? Where is mine ancient call on you? Mark this my woe. ye Earth and Heaven. bear milk upon their waters. Mark this my woe. Do thou no harm to our yet unborn offspring: our trust is in thy mighty Indra-power. 4 I ask the last of sacrifice. Where is the ancient law divine? Who is its new diffuser now? Mark this my woe. In no unready house give us. hear us like a Father. Close to her husband clings the wife. 9 Come to us. as rats devour the weaver's threads. 7 1 am the man who sang of old full many a laud when Soma flowed.4 This hath his kinship checked who lives beside us: with ancient streams forth speeds and rules the Hero. fall from its station in the sky. 10 May those five Bulls which stand on high full in the midst of mighty heaven. ye Earth and Heaven. 5 Soon as this Dasyu's traces were discovered. ye Earth and Heaven. men find not your abiding-place. thence my home and family extend. Mark this my woe. Mark this my woe. they have called thee Soma-lover: here is the pressed juice. and Virapatni. man-like as a priest shall wisest Agni to the Gods <56> . in thee as such have trusted: lead us on. 7 Now we. 6 Indra. O Indra invoked of many. is that kinship which thou hast with Gods. Ne'er fail us one like Soma sweet. and reputation. As envoy he shall tell it forth. 8 Slay us not. This Trta Aptya knoweth well. Indra. pour it down within thee. and. The flowing of the floods is Law. ye Earth and Heaven. nor cast us away as doth a profligate his treasure. biting cares devour me. Maghavan. in embraces intertwined. ye Gods. Truth is the Sun's extended light. both give and take the bliss of love. I think. 11 High in the mid ascent of heaven those Birds of beauteous pinion sit. [01-105] HYMN CV.

ye behold it not. So Indra-Agni. ON that most wondrous car of yours. Mitra. bountiful Vasus. Earth and Heaven. Even as a chariot from a difficult ravine. Is not to be transgressed. made for your drinking till your soul be sated. and Mitra. Mothers of the Gods. may!he Gods come to us with their protection. 3 This laud of ours may Varuna and Indra. Even as a chariot from a difficult ravine. 3 For ye have won a blessed name together: yea. 15 Varuna makes the holy prayer. Aditi with Adityas grant us shelter. 4 Both stand adorned. bountiful Vasus. with its far-stretching surface. pour in. 18 A ruddy wolf beheld me once. as I was faring on my path. make us evermore an easy path: we crave what boon thou hast for men in rest and stir. ye Earth and Heaven. 2 Come ye Adityas for our full prosperity. like a carpenter whose back is aching crouched and slunk away. 4 To mighty Narasamsa. strengthening his might. ye Earth and Heaven. Maruts with Maruts. and Aditi and Sindhu. Indra the Vrtra-slayer. To him who finds the path we pray. Mark this my woe. come. Earth and Heaven.Speed onward our oblations. Hitherward let your favour be directed. Drawn by strong Soma juice poured forth around us. to aid. bring joy to us. So let this Soma be. and be our best deliverer from trouble. He in the heart reveals his thought. THE sacrifice obtains the Gods' acceptance: be graciously inclined to us. bountiful Vasus. which looks round on all things living. Mark this my woe. [01-107] HYMN CVII. God among the Gods. deep as it is. ye Mighty Ones. rescue us from all distress. May Indra with his powers. Adityas. bountiful Vasus. Like as a chariot from a difficult ravine. rescue us from all distress. with one aim ye strove. Indra-Agni. in conquests of the foe. 6 Sunk in the pit the Rsi Kutsa called. rescue us from all distress. Visvedevas. Indra-Agni. who strengthen Law. spreading the sacred grass. ye Earth and Heaven. bountiful Vasus. intelligent. O mortals. That call of his Brhaspati heard and released him from distress. Savitar find pleasant. rescue us from all distress. Mark this my woe. allied with Indra. 16 That pathway of the Sun in heaven. 1. 17 Trta. with lifted ladles. 1. 5 Brhaspati. O Gods. Mark this my woe. 7 May Aditi the Goddess guard us with the Gods: may the protecting God keep us with ceaseless care. and display your favour. and Mitra. Even as a chariot from a difficult ravine. CALL we for aid on Indra. bountiful Vasus. ye Earth and Heaven. O Indra and Agni. Even as a chariot from a difficult ravine. the mighty Soma. and Aditi and Sindhu. 1. Earth and Heaven. rescue us from all distress. He. when fires are duly kindled. Aryaman Agni. to Pusan. and the two Goddesses. 19 Through this our song may we. and Aditi and Sindhu. and drink libations of the flowing Soma. when buried in the well. Lord of power and might. O Vrtra-slayers. Take ye your stand and come to us together. made to be highly glorified. This prayer' of ours may Varuna grant. [01-106] HYMN CVI. Let sacred worship rise anew. 3 May the most glorious Fathers aid us. 2 As vast as all this world is in its compass. Varuna and Agni and the Marut host and Aditi. Visvedevas. ruler over men. ye Gods. <57> . This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. calls on the Gods to succour him. Indra and Agni. Even as a chariot from a difficult ravine. and Mitra. seated here together. Mark this my woe. ye Earth and Heaven. with all our heroes conquer in the battle. rescue us from all distress. 2 By praise-songs of Angirases exalted. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. [01-108] HYMN CVIII. we pray with hymns.

come hither. ye mighty Lords. in central. come hither. ye mighty Lords. 3 Savitar therefore gave you immortality. 10 Whether. sprinkle it with sweetness in the waters. or waters. certain of my kinsmen. With hands auspicious and fair arms. and all things beside them. on the strewn grass. on mountains. 6 As first I said when choosing you. and drink libations of the flowing Soma. Indra-Agni. 3 Let us not break the cords: with this petition we strive to gain the powers of our forefathers. and Aditi and Sindhu. Earth and Heaven. ye take delight in food. ye ever active. And this the drinking-chalice of the Asura. O Indra-Agni. when Vrtra fell and when the spoil was parted. Even from thence. which till that time was one. come hither. Indra-Agni! Even from thence. Indra-Agni. in spirit. Indra and Agni. and drink libations of the flowing Soma. ye came unto the home of liberal Savitar. 8 If with. <58> . 2 For I have heard that ye give wealth more freely than worthless son-in-law or spouse's brother. come hither. or with prince or Brahman. ye Asvins. Indra and Agni. save us in our battles. in central. come hither. O Indra-Agni. ye Twain exceed the earth and heaven in greatness. Purus. ye. Indra and Agni. Even from thence. and drink libations of the flowing Soma. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. O Indra-Agni. come hither. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. 4 When they had served with zeal at sacrifice as priests. 1. LONGING for weal I looked around. and drink libations of the flowing Soma. Sit at this sacrifice. Even from thence. For Indra-Agni the strong drops are joyful-. after your long journeying. 12 If. and Mitra. ye be dwelling in lowest earth. ye mighty Lords. mortal as they were. and Mitra. the Yadus. ye. with your powers protect us. and Aditi and Sindhu. ye sojourn. for kinsmen. on earth. 2 When. Indra-Agni. 9 Whether. or for brothers. I make you this new hymn. I have heard. rejoice you. So offering to you this draught of Soma. Anus. ye mighty Lords. win us all kinds of wealth. Holy Ones. whose hands wield thunder: Indra and Agni. 1. and drink libations of the flowing Soma. 5 You. when the Sun to the mid-heaven hath mounted. and drink libation of the flowing Soma. they. ye whose arms wield thunder: Indra and Agni. O Indra-Agni. ye who shatter forts. Even from thence. ye be dwelling in highest earth. in battle we must contend with Asuras for this Soma. with Druhyus. 11 Whether ye be in heaven. because ye came proclaiming him whom naught can hide. So came ye unto this my true conviction. Earth and Heaven. O ye Rbhus. for here in the bowl's lap are both the press-stones. Rbhus. the forms ye have displayed and mighty exploits. The ancient and auspicious bonds of friendship. 4 For you the bowl divine. [01-110] HYMN CX. Indra and Agni. ye mighty Lords. haste. 6 Surpassing all men where they shout for battle. seeking your enjoyment onward from afar. and drank libations of the flowing Soma. and with the juice delight you. No providence but yours alone is with me so have I wrought for you this hymn for succour. is this sea for all the Gods: sate you with Soma offered with the hallowing word.-for sake of these drink of the flowing Soma. presses the Soma gladly to delight you. Now of a truth these be the very sunbeams wherewith our fathers were of old united. Sons of Sudhanvan. were mightiest. [01-109] HYMN CIX. O Indra-Agni. 8 Give. Indra-Agni. 13 Thus having drunk your fill of our libation. Turvasas. 7 If in your dwelling. ye made to be fourfold. gained immortality. Greater are ye than rivers and than mountains.5 The brave deeds ye have done. in the herbs. or in lowest. wandered on your way. Here. THE holy work I wrought before is wrought again: my sweetest hymn is sung to celebrate your praise. 7 Bring wealth and give it. or in highest. ye mighty Lords. Even frorn thence.

Come hither unto us. I invocate for aid. with a rod measured. once ye formed a cow. 6 As oil in ladles. Mitra. and Aditi and Sindhu. O Indra: joined with the gbhus give us varied bounty. with those aids. with those aids wherewith in fight ye speed the war-cry to the spoil. WORKING with skill they wrought the lightly rolling car: they wrought the Bays who bear Indra and bring great gifts.-Come hither unto us. they have mounted as it were an eloquent car that ye may think of us and give. conquering foes in battle. Rbhu with powers and wealth is giver of rich gifts. with surpassing skill ye made your aged Parents youthful as before. 2 For sacrifice make for us active vital power for skill and wisdom food with noble progeny. prosperity for car. Grant to our company this power most excellent. Lauded of all who saw. 5 May Rbhu send prosperity for battle. or the Two-Mothered Son shows swiftest mid the swift. prisoned and fast bound. Wherewith ye guarded Purukutsa. fair bright glow. O Agvin. Wherewith the sapient one acquired his triple lore. 5 The Rbhus. with those aids. and Bhujyu with unfailing help. 9 Help us with strength where spoil is won. And comforted Karkandhu. O Asvins. [01-111] HYMN CXI. and Vandana to look upon the light. with those aids wherewith ye.The Rbhus. that with a family all-heroic we may dwell. children of Sudhanvan. and fashioned for the calf a mother by its side. and Mitra. O Rbhus. 8 Out of a skin. make prosperity for us. yea. praying for what is best. the Rbhus' Lord. Vajas. and the Asvins Twain: let them speed us to wealth. Varuna. Sons of Sudhanvan. unfailing. wide of mouth. to hasten their approach. and Mitra. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. O Asvins. 8 Mighty Ones. the single sacrificial chalice. 1. Rebha. with those aids. bright as suns. and Aditi and Sindhu. and rose to heaven's high sphere to cat the strengthening food. Prsnigu. Maruts to the Soma draught. Vayya. in their woe. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. 4 The aids wherewith the Wanderer through his offipring's might. with those aids wherewith ye help our thoughts to further holy acts. I worship Heaven and Earth.-Come hither unto us. Earth and Heaven.. 5 Wherewith ye raised from waters. Heroes. Rbhus. Asvins. O Rbhus. with what powers ye gave Paravrj aid what time ye made the blind and lame to see and walk. were in a year's course made associate with prayers. 6 Wherewith ye rescued Antaka when languishing deep in the pit. and brought the mother close unto her calf again. Gods. Come hither unto us. we through knowledge will present unto the Heroes of the firmament our hymn. 7 Wherewith ye gave gucanti wealth and happy home. O Asvins. wisdom. with those aids. 1 To give first thought to them. Grant us prosperity victorious evermore. 4 Indra.-Come hither unto us. 2 Ample.-Come hither unto us. 3 Do ye. desiring glorious fame among Immortal Gods. -Come hither unto us. Wherewith ye succoured Kapva as he strove to win. Wherewith ye set at liberty the swallowed quail. the Rbhus. with those aids. and Agni. strangers or akin. 7 Rbhu to us is Indra freshest in his might. and victory. and for steed. O Asvins. O Asvins. Heroes. The Rbhus for their Parents made life young again. O Asvins. Come hither unto us. 3 Ye by the might which heavenly nectar giveth you are in supreme dominion Lords of all these folk. ye Heroes. as 'twere a field. both. may Vaja conquering in the fight protect us. and made the fiery pit friendly for Atri's sake. <59> . [01-112] HYMN CXII. through your favour may we on the happy day quell the attacks of those who pour no offerings forth. O Asvins. Earth and Heaven.The Rbhus who came near with this great Father's speed. made the barren cow give milk.

-Come hither unto us. taught by the Gods. [01-113] HYMN CXIII. Lords of Hundred Powers.-Come hither unto us.-Come hither unto us. O Asvins. strengthened Manddatar in his tasks as lord of lands. Wherewith ye helped the hero Manu with new strength. wherewith ye have protected Bhujyu. O ye Asvins. 23 Wherewith ye. And good and gracious Subhara and Rtastup.-Come hither unto us. Kutsa. Akin. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. changing their colours both the heavens move onward. 24 Make ye our speech effectual.-Come hither unto us. shed sweet rain for Dirghasravas. and comforted Vasistha. with those aids. In luckless game I call on you for succour . with those aids. 14 Wherewith. Wherewith ye shot your shafts in Syumarasmi's cause. strengthen us also on the field of battle. with those aids. with those aids. Wherewith ye guarded friendly Vaga. ye vouchsafed deliverance to Sayu.-Come hither unto us. singer of your praise. Divodisa. O Asvins. hath yielded up a birth-place for the Morning. This light is come. Wherewith ye safely guard his horses and his car. and this our hymn.-Come hither unto us. O Asvins.-Come hither unto us. for evermore both night and day protect us. 22 Wherewith ye speed the hero as he fights for kine in hero battle. sent away for Savitar's uprising. with those aids. 11 Whereby the cloud.-Come hither unto us. ye guarded well great Atithigva. Angirases! ye triumphed in your heart. Wherewith ye brought the host of kind Gods to Sudas-Come hither unto us. And Trasadasyu when the forts were shattered down. O Asvins. 17 Wherewith Patharva. O Asvins. with those aids. O Asvins. born is the brilliant. ye who ne'er decay. Dawn. amid all lights the fairest. And lent to Vyasva. Wherewith ye bring delicious honey to the bees. 15 Wherewith ye honoured the great drinker Vamra. with those aids. 13 Wherewith ye.-Come hither unto us. unending is the Sisters' pathway.-Come hither unto us. the Bright is come with her white offspring. following each other. Wherewith ye helped Suryata in the mighty fray. And to sage Bharadvija gave protecting help. O Heroes. with those aids. And to Srutarya. with those aids. O ye Asvins. helped Kutsa. O Asvins. and urged to victory the car without a horse. O Asvins.-Come hither unto us. to her the Dark One hath resigned her dwelling.-Come hither unto us. O Asvins. Night. and onward went to liberate the flood of milk. O Asvins. Wherewith Trisoka drove forth his recovered cows. Atri. immortal. in battle of a thousand spoils. and Mitra. O Asvins. Adhrigu. in his majesty of form. son of Aduni. with those aids. 3 Common. 21 Wherewith ye served Krsanu where the shafts were shot. for the merchant Ausija. and Upastuta and Kali when he gained his wife. shone in his course like to a gathered kindled fire. O Asvins with those aids. 10 Wherewith ye helped. O Asvins. 19 Wherewith ye brought awife for Vimada to wed. 18 Wherewith. Earth and Heaven. Asva's son. alternately they travel. Wherewith ye helped Kaksivan. Favoured Dhvasanti and lent Purusanti help. <60> . with those aids. 25 With. 1. Kasoju. with those aids. and to Prthi favouring help. O Asvins. ye Bounteous Givers.-Come hither unto us. 12 Wherewith ye made Rasa swell full with water-floods. with those aids. with those aids. O Asvins. undiminished blessings. 2 The Fair. powerless to move. Narya gave your help. and to Manu long ago.9 Wherewith ye quickened the most sweet exhaustless flood. and Aditi and Sindhu. compass round the Sun when far away. ye mighty Wonder-Workers. far-extending brightness. when Sambara was slain. and helped the young man's horse to swiftness in the race. gave Turviti and Dabhiti strength. 20 Wherewith ye bring great bliss to him who offers gifts. 16 Wherewith. wherewith ye freely gave the ruddy cows away. Vispala seeking booty. in the strife for land and sons.

8 She first of endless morns to come hereafter. shining upon the man who brings oblations. splendid in hue she hath unclosed the portals. hast caused Agni to be kindled. flushing in her shining raiment. hath shown us riches: Dawn hath awakened every living creature. joy-giver waker of all pleasant voices. So will she shine on days to come immortal she moves on in her own strength. That it be well with all our cattle and our men.-Dawns that have shone and Dawns to shine hereafter? She yearns for former Dawns with eager longing. bringing them bliss: may we. perfecter of sacri fice. Awakening the world with purple horses. thee with reverence will we serve. Come to our families. 12 Foe-chaser. of different hues and yet one-minded. a noble service. bringing food for Gods' enjoyment. one for enjoyment. bring us joy: thee. 4 Bright leader of glad sounds. to him the Lord of Heros with the braided hair. Those who saw little for extended vision. kine and horses. Ruler of valiant men. niake us chief among the people. now behold her brightness and they come nigh who shall hereafter see her. follows the path of morns that have departed. Earth and Heaven. the poet rises. 4 Hither we call for aid the wise. and Aditi and Sindhu. bestowing praise on our devotion all-bounteous. O Dawn. most bright. 13 From days eternal hath Dawn shone. 9 As thou.Fair-formed. Whatever health and strength our father Manu won by sacrifice may we. we the living. Varuna vouchsafe us. neither do they travel. auspicious Dawn. at her rising. and shows this light to-day. rich Maid. flush on us here. 6 One to high sway. gain. shine down on us the gift of life and offipring. and one his labour: All to regard their different vocations. May he repel from us the anger of the Gods: verily we desire his favourable grace. Dawn. and goes forth gladly shining with the others. [01-114] HYMN CXIV. Thou soyran Lady of all earthly treasure. Rudra. this morning. urges forth the living him who is dead she wakes not from his slumber.These let the Soma-presser gain when ending his glad songs louder than the voice of Vayu. 20 Whatever splendid wealth the Dawns bring with them to bless the man who offers praise and worship. shine on us here. 15 Bringing all life-sustaining blessings with her. bring thee sacred gifts. All living creatures hath the Dawn awakened. the wanderer. And hast awakened men to offer worship. <61> . She. this morning. born of Law. Shine then to-day. O Rudra. To the strong Rudra bring we these our songs of praise. and they shall be together. We. 11 Gone are the men who in the days before us looked on the rising of the earlier Morning. on her well-harnessed chariot Dawn approaches. our eyes behold her. Lord of Heroes. 3 By worship of the Gods may we. Night and Dawn clash not. Rise up. Even that may Mitra. 14 In the sky's borders hath she shone in splendour: the Goddess hath thrown off the veil of darkness. impetuous Rudra. gain thy grace. and with the Sun's eye hast revealed creation. one to pursue his gain. 10 How long a time. endowed with riches. the Goddess. She for the Sun hath left a path to travel we have arrived where men prolong existence. 19 Mother of Gods. stirring up the world. undecaying. ensign of sacrifice. Last of the countless mornings that have vanished. Aditi's forui of glory. O Bounteous One. again hath reached us: darkness hath passed away and light approacheth. 1. the Child of Heaven apparent. 18 Dawns giving sons all heroes. the life. showing herself she sends forth brilliant lustre. O Rudra. first of bright morns to come hath Dawn arisen. shine forth exalted. one for wealth or worship. that in this village all he healthy and well-fed. thou hast performed. 17 Singing the praises of refulgent Mornings with his hymn's web the priest. she sets afoot the coiled-up sleeper. Auspicious. 5 Rich Dawn. under thy guidance. 7 We see her there. on him who lauds thee. the Law's protectress. all moving creatures hath the Dawn awakened. 2 Be gracious unto us. for Gods. whose heroes are uninjured. Dawn. one to exalted glory. 16 Arise! the breath. the young Maid.

O thou Lord of Heroes. That stallion ass of yours won. have spoken and adored him: may Rudra. and Mitra. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. in three cars. 11 We. nor in cows or steeds. ye gave wisdom to Kaksivan who sprang from Pajra's line. Blessed is thy most favouring benevolence. O Gods. 8 Harm us not. at one time bright and darksome at another. refulgent Goddess: Where pious men extend their generations. Rudra. and bless us. bright. Varuna and Agni. give us happiness. a song more sweet than sweet. 5 In the sky's lap the Sun this form assumeth that Varuna and Mitra may behold it. still to be famed is the braye horse of Pedu. grant us protection. my progeny. 4 This is the Godhead. 5 Ye wrought that hero exploit in the ocean which giveth no support. hundred-footed. borne in a ship with hundred oars. 3 Auspicious are the Sun's Bay-coloured Horses. deliver us from trouble and dishonour. The soul of all that moveth not or moveth. What time ye carried Bhujyu to his dwelling. in Yama's contest. three days full swiftly travelled. Asvins. the food which mortals eat: be gracious unto me. 7 O Rudra. 6 The white horse which of old ye gave Aghasva. while Surya is ascending. 10 Far be thy dart that killeth men or cattle: thy bliss be with us. meet for our shouts of triumph. and a home secure. and Aditi and Sindhu. die sky's ridge have they mounted. this might of Surya: he hath withdrawn what spread o'er work unfinished. that thousand in the race. who sang your praises. <62> . May he. 1. with six horses. Be gracious unto us. [01-115] HYMN CXV. 4 Bhujyu ye bore with winged things. Nasatyas. Earth and Heaven. O God. the red. Immortal One. 7 O Heroes. This prayer of ours may Varuna grant. Bearing our prayers. to strengthen Rudra's might. and Mitra. so. 9 Even as a herdsman I have brought thee hymns of praise: O Father of the Maruts. in a chariot rapid as an arrow. harm not either great or small of us.Still to be praised is that your glorious present. Asvins. and to our own dear bodies. I TRIM like grass my song for the Nasatyas and send their lauds forth as the wind drives rainclouds. my seed. Bringing oblations evermore we call to thee. Who. His Bay Steeds well maintain his power eternal. before the Auspicious One for happy fortune. Tugra left Bhujyu in the cloud of waters. When he hath loosed his Horses from their station. or hold or station. 6 To him the Maruts' Father is this hymn addressed. a gift to be his wealth for ever. and Aditi and Sindhu. Slay not our heroes in the fury of thy wrath. the Sun hath filled the air and earth and heaven. the wild-boar of the sky. To the sea's farther shore. Slay not a sire among us. straight over all Night spreadeth out her garment. Rudra. seeking help. 1. [01-116] HYMN CXVI. slay no mother here. in our seed and progeny. harm not the growing boy. girt by Maruts. and in a moment speed round earth and heaven. Ye brought him back in animated vessels. 2 Borne on by rapid steeds of mighty pinion. changing hues. so doth the Sun the Dawn. brought to the youthful Vimada a consort. 6 This day. O Asvins. the dazzling shape. shelter. Earth and Heaven. unwetted by the billows. do not harm. his hand filled full of sovran medicines. Grant us. do we desire thy saving help. 3 Yea. hear our calling. or proudly trusting in the Gods' incitements. THE brilliant presence of the Gods hath risen. and then vouchsafe us doubly-strong protection. O Nasatyas. traversing air. Ye poured forth from the hoof of your strong charger a hundred jars of wine as from a strainer. Asvins. harm not the full-grown man. which for three nights.5 Him with the braided hair we call with reverence down. harm us not in the living. Surya. the strand of ocean. as a dead man leaves his riches. 2 Like as a young man followeth a maiden. the eye of Mitra. verily.

8 Ye warded off with cold the fire's fierce burning; food very rich in nouripliment ye furnished.
Atri, cast downward in the cavern, Asvins ye brought, with all his people, forth to comfort.
9 Ye lifted up the well, O ye Nasatyas, and set the base on high to open downward.
Streams flowed for folk of Gotama who thirsted, like rain to bring forth thousandfold abundance.
10 Ye from the old Cyavana, O Nasatyas, stripped, as 'twere mail, the skin upon
his body,
Lengthened his life when all had left him helpless, Dasras! and made him lord of youthful maidens.
11 Worthy of praise and worth the winning, Heroes, is that your favouring succour O Nasatyas,
What time ye, knowing well his case, delivered Vandana trom the pit like hidden treasure.
12 That mighty deed of yours, for gain, O Heroes, as thunder heraldeth the rain, I publish,
When, by the horse's head, Atharvan's offspring Dadhyac made known to you the Soma's sweetness.
13 In the great rite the wise dame called, Nasatyas, you, Lords of many treasures, to assist her.
Ye heard the weakling's wife, as 'twere an order, and gave to her a son Hiranyahasta.
14 Ye from the wolf's jaws, as ye stood together, set free the quail, O Heroes, O Nasatyas.
Ye, Lords of many treasures, gave the poet his perfect vision as he mourned his trouble.
15 When in the time of night, in Khela's battle, a leg was severed like a wild bird's pinion,
Straight ye gave Vispali a leg of iron that she might move what time the conflict opened.
16 His father robbed Rjrasva of his eyesight who for the she-wolf slew a hundred wethers.
Ye gave him eyes, Nasatyas, Wonder-Workers, Physicians, that he saw with sight uninjured.
17 The Daughter of the Sun your car ascended, first reaching as it were the goal with coursers.
All Deities within their hearts assented, and ye, Nasatyas, are close linked with glory.
18 When to his house ye came, to Divodasa, hasting to Bharadvaja, O ye Asvins,
The car that came with you brought splendid riches: a porpoise and a bull were yoked together.
19 Ye, bringing wealth with rule, and life with offspring, life rich in noble heroes; O Nasatyas,
Accordant came with strength to Jahnu's children who offered you thrice every day your portion.
20 Ye bore away at night by easy pathways Jahusa compassed round on every quarter,
And, with your car that cleaves the toe asunder, Nasatyas never decaying! rent the mountains.
21 One morn ye strengthened Vaga for the battle, to gather spoils that might be told in thousands.
With Indra joined ye drove away misfortunes, yea foes of Prthusravas, O ye mighty.
22 From the deep well ye raised on high the water, so that Rcatka's son, Sara, should drink it;
And with your might, to help the weary Sayu, ye made the barren cow yield milk, Nasatyas.
23 To Visvaka, Nasatyas! son of Krsna, the righteous man who sought your aid and praised you,
Ye with your powers restored, like some lost creature, his son Visnapu for his eyes to look on.
24 Asvins, ye raised, like Soma in a ladle Rebha, who for ten days and ten nights, fettered.
Had lain in cruel bonds, immersed and wounded, suffering sore affliction, in the waters.
25 1 have declared your wondrous deeds, O Asvins: may this be mine, and many kine and heroes.
May I, enjoying lengthened life, still seeing, enter old age as 'twere the house I live in.
[01-117] HYMN CXVII. Asvins.
1. ASVINS, your ancient priest invites you hither to gladden you with draughts of meath of Soma.
Our gift is on the grass, our song apportioned: with food and strength come hither, O Nasatyas.
2 That car of yours, swifter than thought, O Asvins, which drawn by brave steeds cometh to the
people,
Whereon ye seek the dwelling of the pious,-come ye thereon to our abode, O Heroes.
3 Ye freed sage Atri, whom the Five Tribes honoured, from the strait pit, ye Heroes with his people,
Baffling the guiles of the malignant Dasyu, repelling them, ye Mighty in succession.
4 Rebha the sage, ye mighty Heroes, Asvins! whom, like a horse, vile men had sunk in water,Him, wounded, with your wondrous power ye rescued: your exploits of old time endure for ever.
5 Ye brought forth Vandana, ye Wonder-Workers, for triumph, like fair gold that hath been buried,
Like one who slumbered in destruction's bosom, or like the Sun when dwelling in the darkness.

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6 Kaksivan, Pajra's son, must laud that exploit of yours, Nasatyas, Heroes, ye who wander!
When from the hoof of your strong horse ye showered a hundred jars of honey for the people.
7 To Krsna's son, to Visvaka who praised you, O Heroes, ye restored his son Visnapu.
To Ghosa, living in her father's dwelling, stricken in years, ye gave a husband, Asvins.
8 Rusati, of the mighty people, Asvins, ye gave to Syava of the line of Kanva.
This deed of yours, ye Strong Ones should be published, that ye gave glory to the son of Nrsad.
9 O Asvins, wearing many forms at pleasure, on Pedu ye bestowed a fleet-foot courser,
Strong, winner of a thousand spoils, resistless the serpent slayer, glorious, triumphant.
10 These glorious things are yours, ye Bounteous Givers; prayer, praise in both worlds are your
habitation.
O Asvins, when the sons of Paira call you, send strength with nourishment to him who knoweth.
11 Hymned with the reverence of a son, O Asvins ye Swift Ones giving booty to the singer,
Glorified by Agastya with devotion, established Vispala again, Nasatyas.
12 Ye Sons of Heaven, ye Mighty, whither went ye, sought ye, for his fair praise the home of Kdvya.
When, like a pitcher full of gold, O Asvins, on the tenth day ye lifted up the buried?
13 Ye with the aid of your great powers, O Asvins, restored to youth the ancient man Cyavana.
The Daughter of the Sun with all her glory, O ye Nasatyas, chose your car to bear her.
14 Ye, ever-youthful Ones, again remembered Tugra, according to your ancient manner:
With horses brown of hue that flew with swift wings ye brought back Bhujyu from the sea of billows.
15 The son of Tugra had invoked you, Asvins; borne on he went uninjured through the ocean.
Ye with your chariot swift as thought, well-harnessed, carried him off, O Mighty Ones, to safety.
16 The quail had invocated you, O Asvins, when from the wolf's devouring jaws ye freed her.
With conquering car ye cleft the mountain's ridges: the offspring of Visvac ye killed with poison.
17 He whom for furnishing a hundred wethers to the she-wolf, his wicked father blinded,
To him, Rjrasva, gave ye eyes, O Asvins; light to the blind ye sent for perfect vision.
18 To bring the blind man joy thus cried the she-wolf: O Asvins, O ye Mighty Ones, O Heroes,
For me Rjrasva, like a youthful lover, hath. cut piecemeal one and a hundred wethers.
19 Great and weal-giving is your aid, O Asvins, ye, objects of all thought, made whole the cripple.
Purandhi also for this cause invoked you, and ye, O mighty, came to her with succours.
20 Ye, Wonder-Workers, filled with milk for Sayu the milkless cow, emaciated, barren;
And by your powers the child of Purumitra ye brought to Vimada to be his consort.
21 Ploughing and sowing barley, O ye Asvins, milking out food for men, ye Wonder-Workers,
Blasting away the Dasyu with your trumpet, ye gave far-spreading light unto the Arya.
22 Ye brought the horse's head, Asvins, and gave it unto Dadhyac the offspring of Atharvan.
True, he revealed to you, O WonderWorkers, sweet Soma, Tvastar's secret, as your girdle.
23 O Sages, evermore I crave your favour: be gracious unto all my prayers, O Asvins.
Grant me, Nasatyas, riches in abundance, wealth famous and accompanied with children.
24 With liberal bounty to the weakling's consorts ye, Heroes, gave a son Hiranyahasta;
And Syava, cut into three several pieces, ye brougnt to life again, O bounteous Asvins.
25 These your heroic exploits, O ye Asvins, done in the days. of old, have men related.
May we, addressing prayer to you, ye Mighty, speak with brave sons about us to. the synod.
[01-118] HYMN CXVIII. Asvins.
1. FLYING, with falcons, may your chariot, Asvins, most gracious, bringing friendly
help, come hither,Your chariot, swifter than the mind of mortal, fleet as the wind, three-seated O ye Mighty.
2 Come to us with your chariot triple seated, three-wheeled, of triple form, that rolleth lightly.
Fill full our cows, give mettle to our horses, and make each hero son grow strong, O Asvins.
3 With your well-rolling car, descending swiftly, hear this the press-stone's song, ye WonderWorkers.
How then have ancient sages said, O Asvins, that ye most swiftly come to stay affliction?
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4 O Asvins, let your falcons bear you hither, yoked to your chariot, swift, with flying pinions,
Which, ever active, like the airy eagles, carry you, O Nasatyas, to the banquet.
5 The youthful Daughter of the Sun, delighting in you, ascended there your chariot, Heroes.
Borne on their swift wings let your beauteous horses, your birds of ruddy hue, convey you near us.
6 Ye raised up Vandana, strong WonderWorkers! with great might, and with power ye rescued
Rebha.
From out the sea ye saved the son of Tugra, and gave his youth again unto Cyavana.
7 To Atri, cast down to the fire that scorched him, ye gave, O Asvins, strengthening tbod and favour.
Accepting his fair praises with approval, ye gave his eyes again to blinded Kanva.
8 For ancient Sayti in his sore affliction ye caused his cow to swell with milk, O Asvins.
The quail from her great misery ye delivered, and a new leg for Vispala provided.
9 A white horse, Asvins, ye bestowed on Pedu, a serpent-slaying steed sent down by Indra,
Loud-neighing, conquering the foe, highmettled, firm-limbed and vigorous, winning thousand
treasures.
10 Such as ye are, O nobly horn, O Heroes, we in our trouble call on you for succour.
Accepting these our songs, for our wellbeing come to us on your chariot treasure-laden.
11 Come unto us combined in love, Nasatyas come with the fresh swift vigour of the falcon.
Bearing oblations I invoke you, Asvins, at the first break of everlasting morning.
[01-119] HYMN CXIX. Asvins.
1. HITHER, that I may live, I call unto the feast your wondrous car, thought-swift, borne on by rapid
steeds.
With thousand banners, hundred treasures, pouring gifts, promptly obedient, bestowing ample room.
2 Even as it moveth near my hymn is lifted up, and all the regions come together to sing praise.
I sweeten the oblations; now the helpers come. Urjani hath, O Asvins, mounted on your car.
3 When striving man with man for glory they have met, brisk, measurcIess, eager for victory in fight,
Then verily your car is seen upon the slope when ye, O Asvins, bring some choice boon to the prince.
4 Ye came to Bhujyu while he struggled in the flood, with flying birds, self-yoked, ye bore him to his
sires.
Ye went to the far-distant home, O Mighty Ones; and famed is your great aid to Divodisa given.
5 Asvins, the car which you had yoked for glorious show your own two voices urged directed to its
goal.
Then she who came for friendship, Maid of noble birth, elected you as Husbands, you to be her Lords.
6 Rebha ye saved from tyranny; for Atri's sake ye quenched with cold the fiery pit that compassed
him.
Ye made the cow of Sayu stream refreshing milk, and Vandana was holpen to extended life.
7 Doers of marvels, skilful workers, ye restored Vandana, like a car, worn out with length of days.
From earth ye brought the sage to life in wondrous mode; be your great deeds done here for him who
honours you.
8 Ye went to him who mourned in a far distant place, him who was left forlorn by treachery of his
sire.
Rich with the light ofheaven was then the help ye gave, and marvellous your succour when ye stood
by him.
9 To you in praise of sweetness sang the honey-bee: Ausija calleth you in Soma's rapturous joy.
Ye drew unto yourselves the spirit of Dadhyac, and then the horse's head uttered his words to you.
10 A horse did ye provide for Pedu, excellent, white, O ye Asvins, conqueror of combatants,
Invincible in war by arrows, seeking heaven worthy of fame, like Indra, vanquisher of men.
[01-120] HYMN CXX. Asvins.
1. ASVINS, what praise may win your grace? Who may be pleasing to you both?
How shall the ignorant worship you?
2 Here let the ignorant ask the means of you who know-for none beside you knoweth aught -

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Not of a spiritless mortal man.
3 Such as ye: are, all-wise, we call you. Ye wise, declare to us this day accepted prayer.
Loving you well your servant lauds you.
4 Simply, ye Mighty Ones, I ask the Gods of that wondrous oblation hallowed by the mystic word.
Save us from what is stronger, fiercer than ourselves.
5 Forth go the hymn that shone in Ghosa Bhrgu's like, the song wherewith the son of Pajra worships
you,
Like some wise minister.
6 Hear ye the song of him who hastens speedily. O Asvins, I am he who sang your praise.
Hither, ye Lords of Splendour, hither turn your eyes.
7 For ye were ever nigh to deal forth ample wealth, to give the wealth that ye had gathered up.
As such, ye Vasus, guard us well, and keep us safely from the wicked wolf.
8 Give us not up to any man who hateth us, nor let our milch-cows stray, whose udders give us food,
Far from our homes without their calves.
9 May they who love you gain you for their Friends. Prepare ye us for opulence with strengthening
food,
Prepare us for the food that floweth from our cows
10 1 have obtained the horseless car of Asvins rich in sacrifice,
And I am well content therewith.
11 May it convey me evermore: may the light chariot pass from men
To men unto the Soma draught.
12 It holdeth slumber in contempt. and the rich who enjoyeth not:
Both vanish quickly and are lost.
[01-121] HYMN CXXI, Indra.
1. WHEN Will men's guardians hasting hear with favour the song of Angiras's pious
childern?
When to the people of the home he cometh he strideth to the sacrifice, the Holy.
2 He stablished heaven; he poured forth, skilful worker, the wealth of kine, for strength, that nurtures
heroes.
The Mighty One his self-born host regarded, the horse's mate, the mother of the heifer.
3 Lord of red dawns, he came victorious, daily to the Angirases' former invocation.
His bolt and team hath he prepared, and stablished the heaven for quadrupeds and men two-footed.
4 In joy of this thou didst restore, for worship, the lowing company of hidden cattle.
When the three-pointed one descends with onslaught he opens wide the doors that cause man
trouble.
5 Thine is that milk which thy swift-moving Parents brought down, a strengthening genial gift for
conquest;
When the pure treasure unto thee they offered, the milk shed from the cow who streameth nectar.
6 There is he born. May the Swift give us rapture, and like the Sun shine forth from yonder dawning,
Indu, even us who drank, whose toils are offerings, poured from the spoon, with praise, upon the
altar.
7 When the wood-pile, made of good logs, is ready, at the Sun's worship to bind fast the Bullock,
Then when thou shinest forth through days of action for the Car-borne, the Swift, tile Cattle-seeker.
8 Eight steeds thou broughtest down from mighty heaven, when fighting for the well that giveth
splendour,
That men might press with stones the gladdening yellow, strengthened with milk, fermenting, to
exalt thee.
9 Thou hurledst forth from heaven the iron missile, brought by the Skilful, from the sling of leather,
When thou, O Much-invoked, assisting Kutsa with endless deadly darts didst compass Susna.
10 Bolt-armed, ere darkness overtook the sunlight, thou castest at the veiling cloud thy weapon,
Thou rentest, out of heaven, though firmly knotted, the might of Susna that was thrown around him.
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11 The mighty Heaven and Earth, those bright expanses that have no wheels, joyed, Indra, at thine
exploit.
Vrtra, the boar who lay amid the waters, to sleep thou sentest with thy mighty thunder.
12 Mount Indra, lover of the men thou guardest, the well-yoked horses of the wind, best bearers.
The bolt which Kavya Usana erst gave thee, strong, gladdening, Vrtra-slaying, hath he fashioned *
13 The strong Bay Horses of the Sun thou stayedst: this Etasa drew not the wheel, O Indra.
Casting them forth beyond the ninety rivers thou dravest down into the pit the godless.
14 Indra, preserve thou us from this affliction Thunder-armed, save us from the misery near us.
Vouchsafe us affluence in chariots, founded on horses, for our food and fame and gladness.
15 Never may this thy loving-kindness fail us; mighty in strength, may plenteous food surround us.
Maghavan, make us share the foeman's cattle: may we be thy most liberal feast companions.
[01-122] HYMN CXXII Visvadevas.
1. SAY, bringing sacrifice to bounteous Rudra, This juice for drink to you whose wrath is fleeting!
With Dyaus the Asura's Heroes I have lauded the Maruts as with prayer to Earth and Heaven.
2 Strong to exalt the early invocation are Night and Dawn who show with varied aspect.
The Barren clothes her in wide-woven raiment, and fair Morn shines with Surya's golden splendour.
3 Cheer us the Roamer round, who strikes at morning, the Wind delight us, pourer forth of waters!
Sharpen our wits, O Parvata and Indra. May all the Gods vouchsafe to us this favour.
4 And Ausija shall call for me that famous Pair who enjoy and drink, who come to brighten.
Set ye the Offspring of the Floods before you; both Mothers of the Living One who beameth.
5 For you shall Ausija call him who thunders, as, to win Arjuna's assent, cried Ghosa.
I will invoke, that Pusan may be bounteous to you, the rich munificence of Agni.
6 Hear, Mitra-Varuna, these mine invocations, hear them from all men in the hall of worship.
Giver of famous gifts, kind hearer, Sindhu who gives fair fields, listen with all his waters 1
7 Praised, Mitra, Varuna! is your gift, a hundred cows to the Prksayamas and the Pajra.
Presented by car-famous Priyaratha, supplying nourishment, they came directly.
8 Praised is the gift of him the very wealthy: may we enjoy it, men with hero children:
His who hath many gifts to give the Pajras, a chief who makes me rich in cars and horses.
9 The folk, O Mitra-Varuna, who hate you, who sinfully hating pour you no libations,
Lay in their hearts, themselves, a wasting sickness, whereas the righteous gaineth all by worship.
10 That man, most puissant, wondrously urged onward, famed among heroes, liberal in giving,
Moveth a warrior, evermore undaunted in all encounters even with the mighty.
11 Come to the man's, the sacrificer's calling: hear, Kings of Immortality, joy-givers!
While ye who speed through clouds decree your bounty largely, for fame, to him the chariot rider.
12 Vigour will we bestow on that adorer whose tenfold draught we come to taste, so spake they.
May all in whom rest splendour and great riches obtain refreshment in these sacrifices.
13 We will rejoice to drink the tenfold present when the twicefive come bearing sacred viands.
What can he do whose steeds and reins are choicest? These, the all-potent, urge brave men to
conquest.
14 The sea and all the Deities shall give us him with the golden car and neck bejewelled.
Dawns, hasting to the praises otthe pious, be pleased with us. both offerers and singers.
15 Four youthful sons of Masarsara vex me, three, of the king, the conquering Ayavasa.
Now like the Sun, O Varuna and Mitra, your car hath shone, long-shaped and reined with splendour.
[01-123] HYMN CXXIII. Dawn.
1. THE Daksina's broad chariot hath been harnessed: this car the Gods Immortal have ascended.
Fain to bring light to homes of men the noble and active Goddess hath emerged from darkness.
2 She before all the living world hath wakened, the Lofty One who wins and gathers treasure.
Revived and ever young on high she glances. Dawn hath come first unto our morning worship.
3 If, Dawn, thou Goddess nobly born, thou dealest fortune this day to all the race of mortals,
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May Savitar the God, Friend of the homestead, declare before the Sun that we are sinless.
4 Showing her wonted form each day that passeth, spreading the light she visiteth each dwelling.
Eager for conquest, with bright sheen she cometh. Her portion is the best of goodly treasures.
5 Sister of Varuna, sister of Bhaga, first among all sing forth, O joyous Morning.
Weak be the strength of him who worketh evil - may we subdue him with our car the guerdon.
6 Let our glad hymns and holy thoughts rise upward, for the flames brightly burning have ascended.
The far-refulgent Mornings make apparent the lovely treasures which the darkness covered.
7 The one departeth and the other cometh: unlike in hue day's, halves march on successive.
One hides the gloom of the surrounding Parents. Dawn on her shining chariot is resplendent.
8 The same in form to-day, the same tomorrow, they still keep Varuna's eternal statute.
Blameless, in turn they traverse thirty regions, and dart across the spirit in a moment.
9 She who hath knowledge Of the first day's nature is born refulgent white from out the darkness.
The Maiden breaketh not the law of Order, day by day coming to the place appointed.
10 In pride of beauty like a maid thou goest, O Goddess, to the God who longs to win thee,
And smiling youthful, as thou shinest brightly, before him thou discoverest thy bosom.
11 Fair as a bride embellished by her mother thou showest forth thy form that all may see it.
Blessed art thou O Dawn. Shine yet more widely. No other Dawns have reached what thou attainest.
12 Rich in kine, horses, and all goodly treasures, in constant operation with the sunbeams,
The Dawns depart and come again again assuming their wonted forms that promise happy fortune.
13 Obedient to the rein of Law Eternal give us each thought that more and more shall bless us.
Shine thou on us to-day, Dawn, swift to listen. With us be riches and with chiefs who worship.
[01-124] HYMN CXXIV. Dawn.
1. THE Dawn refulgent when the fire is kindled, and the Sun rising, far diffuse their brightness.
Savitar, God, hath sentus forth to labour, each quadruped, each biped, to be active.
2 Not interrupting heavenly ordinances, although she minisheth human generations.
The last of endless morns that have departed, the first of those that come, Dawn brightly shineth.
3 There in the eastern region she, Heaven's Daughter, arrayed in garments all of light, appeareth.
Truly she fo1loweth the path of Order, nor faileth, knowing well, the heavenly quarters.
4 Near is she seen, as 'twere the Bright One's bosom: she showeth sweet things like a new songsinger.
She cometh like a fly awaking sleepers, of all. returning dames most true and constant.
5 There in the east half of the watery region the Mother of the Cows hath shown her ensign.
Wider and wider still she spreadeth onward, and filleth full the laps of both heir Parents.
6 She, verily, exceeding vast to look on debarreth from her light nor kin nor stranger.
Proud of her spotless form she, brightly shiming, turneth not from the high nor froom the humble.
7 She seeketh men, as she who hath no brother, mounting her car, as 'twere to gather riches.
Dawn, like a loving matron for her husband, smiling and well attired, unmasks her beauty.
8 The Sister quitteth, for the elder Sister, her place, and having looked on her departeth.
She decks her beauty, shining forth with sunbeams, like women trooping to the festal meeting.
9 To all these Sisters who ere now have vanished a later one each day in course succeedeth.
So, like the past, with days of happy fortune, may the new Dawns shine forth on us with riches.
10 Rouse up, O Wealthy One, the liberal givers; let niggard traffickers sleep on unwakened:
Shine richly, Wealthy One, on those who worship, richly, glad.
Dawn while wasting, on the singer.
11 This young Maid from the east hath shone upon us; she harnesseth her team of bright red oxen.
She will beam forth, the light will hasten hither, and Agni will be present in each dwelling.
12 As the birds fly forth from their resting places, so men with store of food rise at thy dawning.
Yea, to the liberal mortal who remaineth at home, O Goddess Dawn, much good thou bringest.
13 Praised through my prayer be ye who should be lauded. Ye have increased our wealth, ye Dawns
who love us.
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Goddesses, may we win by your good favour wealth to be told by hundreds and by thousands.
[01-125] HYMN CXXV. Svanaya.
1. COMING at early morn he gives his treasure; the prudent one receives and entertains him.
Thereby increasing still his life and offspring, he comes with brave sons to abundant riches.
2 Rich shall he be in gold and kine and horses. Indra bestows on him great vital power,
Who stays thee, as thou comest, with his treasure, like game caught in the net, O early comer.
3 Longing, I came this morning to the pious, the son of sacrifice, with car wealth. laden.
Give him to drink juice of the stalk that gladdens; prosper with pleasant hymns the Lord of Heroes.
4 Health-bringing streams, as milch-cows, flow to profit him who hath worshipped, him who now will
worship.
To him who freely gives and fills on all sides full streams of fatness flow and make him famous.
5 On the high ridge of heaven he stands exalted, yea, to the Gods he goes, the liberal giver.
The streams, the waters flow for him with fatness: to him this guerdon ever yields abundance.
6 For those who give rich meeds are all these splendours, for those who give rich meeds suns shine in
heaven.
The givers of rich meeds are made immortal; the givers of rich fees prolong their lifetime.
7 Let not the liberal sink to sin and sorrow, never decay the pious -chiefs who worship!
Let every man besides be their protection, and let affliction fall upon the niggard.
[01-126] HYMN CXXVI. Bhavayavya.
1. WITH wisdom I present these lively praises of Bhavya dweller on the bank of Sindhu;
For he, unconquered King, desiring glory, hath furnished me a thousand sacrifices.
2 A hundred necklets from the King, beseeching, a hundred gift-steeds I at once accepted;
Of the lord's cows a thousand, I Kaksivan. His deathless glory hath he spread to heaven.
3 Horses of dusky colour stood beside me, ten chariots, Svanaya's gift, with mares to draw them.
Kine numbering sixty thousand followed after. Kaksivan gained them when the days were closing.
4 Forty bay horses of the ten cars' master before a thousand lead the long procession.
Reeling in joy Kaksivan's sons and Pajra's have grounded the coursers decked with pearly trappings.
5 An earlier gift for you have I accepted eight cows, good milkers, and tree harnessed horses,
Pajras, who with your wains with your great kinsman, like troops of subjects, have been fain for
glory.
6 [Ille loquitur]. Adhaerens, arcte adhaerens, illa quac mustelae similis se abdidit, multum humorem
effundens, dat mihi complexuum centum gaudia.
7 [Illa loquitur]. Prope, prope accede; molliter me tange. Ne putes pilos corporis mei-paucos esse: tota
sum villosa sicut Gandharidum ovis.
[01-127] HYMN CXXVII Agni.
1. AGNI I hold as herald, the munificent, the gracious, Son of Strength, who knoweth all that live, as
holy Singer, knowing all,
Lord of fair rites, a God with form erected turning to the Gods,
He, when the flame hath sprung forth from the holy oil, the offered fatness, longeth for it with his
glow.
2 We, sacrificing, call on thee best worshipper, the eldest of Angirases, Singer, with hymns, thee,
brilliant One! with singers' hymns;
Thee, wandering round as 't were the sky, who art the invoking Priest of men,
Whom, Bull with hair of flame the people must observe, the people that he speed them on.
3 He with his shining glory blazing far and wide, he verily it is who slayeth demon foes, slayeth the
demons like an axe:
At whose close touch things solid shake, and what is stable yields like trees.
Subduing all, he keeps his ground and flinches not, from the skilled archer flinches not.
4 To him, as one who knows, even things solid yield: unrough fire-sticks heated hot he gives his gifts
to aid. Men offer Agni gifts for aid.
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He deeply piercing many a thing hews it like wood with fervent glow.
Even hard and solid food he crunches with his might, yea, hard and solid food with might.
5 Here near we place the sacrificial food for him who shines forth fairer in the night than in the day,
with life then stronger than by day.
His life gives sure and firm defence as that one giveth to a son.
The during fires enjoy things given and things not given, the during fires enjoy as food.
6 He, roaring very loudly like the Maruts' host, in fertile cultivated fields adorable, in desert spots
adorable,
Accepts and eats our offered gifts, ensign of sacrifice by desert;
So let all, joying, love his path when he is glad, as men pursue a path for bliss.
7 Even as they who sarig forth hymns, addressed to heaven, the Blirgus with their prayer and praise
invited him, the Bhrgus rubbing, offering gifts.
For radiant Agni, Lord of all these treasures, is exceeding strong.
May he, the wise, accept the grateful coverings, the wise accept the coverings.
8 Thee we invoke, the Lord of all our settled homes, common to all, the household's guardian, to
enjoy, bearer of true hymns, to enjoy.
Thee we invoke, the guest of men, by whose mouth, even as a sire's,
All these Immortals come to gain their food of life, oblations come to Gods as food.
9 Thou, Agni, most victorious with thy conquering strength, most Mighty One, art born for service of
the Gods, like wealth for service of the Gods.
Most mighty is thine ecstasy, most splendid is thy mental power.
Therefore men wait upon thee, undecaying One, like vassals, undecaying One.
10 To him the mighty, conquering with victorious strength, to Agni walking with the dawn, who
sendeth kine, be sung your laud, to Agni sung;
As he who with oblation comes calls him aloud in every place.
Before the brands of fire he shouteth singerlike, the herald, kindler of the brands.
11 Agni, beheld by us in nearest neighbourhood, accordant with the Gods, bring us, with gracious
love, great riches with thy gracious love.
Give us O Mightiest, what is great, to see and to enjoy the earth.
As one of awful power, stir up heroic might for those who praise thee, Bounteous Lord!
[01-128] HYMN CXXVIII. Agni.
1. By Manu's law was born this Agni, Priest most skilled, born for the holy work of those who yearn
therefore, yea, born for his own holy work.
All ear to him who seeks his love and wealth to him who strives for fame,
Priest ne'er deceived, he sits in Ila's holy place, girt round in Ila's holy place.
2 We call that perfecter of worship by the path or sacrifice; with reverence rich in offerings, with
worship rich in offerings.
Through presentation of our food he grows not old in this his from;
The God whom Matarisvan brought from far away, for Manu brought from far away.
3 In ordered course forthwith he traverses the earth, swift-swallowing, bellowing Steer, bearing the
genial seed, bearing the seed and bellowing.
Observant with a hundred eyes the God is conqueror in the wood:
Agni, who hath his seat in broad plains here below, and in the high lands far away.
4 That Agni, wise High-Priest, in every house takes thought for sacrifice and holy service, yea, takes
thought, with mental power, for sacrifice.
Disposer, he with mental power shows all things unto him who strives;
Whence he was born a guest enriched with holy oil, born as Ordainer and as Priest.
5 When through his power and in his strong prevailing flames the Maruts' gladdening boons mingle
with Agni's roar, boons gladdening for the active One,
Then he accelerates the gift, and by the greatness of his wealth,
Shall rescue us from overwhelming misery, from curse and overwhelming woe.

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6 Vast, universal, good he was made messenger; the speeder with his right hand hath not loosed his
hold, through love of fame not loosed his hold.
He bears oblations to the Gods for whosoever supplicates.
Agni bestows a blessing on each pious man, and opens wide the doors for him.
7 That Agni hath been set most kind in camp of men, in sacrifice like a Lord victorious, like a dear
Lord in sacred rites.
His are the oblations of mankind when offered up at Ili's place.
He shall preserve us from Varuna's chastisement, yea, from the great God's chastisement.
8 Agni the Priest they supplicate to grant them wealth: him, dear, most thoughtful, have they made
their messenger, him, offering-bearer have they made,
Beloved of all, who knoweth all, the Priest, the Holy one, the SageHim, Friend, for help, the Gods when they are fain for wealth, him, Friend, with hymns, when fain for
wealth.
[01-129] HYMN CXXIX Indra.
1. THE car which Indra, thou, for service of the Gods though it be far away, O swift One, bringest
near, which, Blameless One, thou bringest near,
Place swiftly nigh us for our help: be it thy will that it be strong.
Blameless and active, hear this speech of orderers, this speech of us like orderers.
2 Hear, Indra, thou whom men in every fight must call to show thy strength, for cry of battle with the
men, with men of war for victory.
He who with heroes wins the light, who with the singers gains the prize,
Him the rich seek to gain even as a swift strong steed, even as a courser fleet and strong.
3 Thou, Mighty, pourest forth the hide that holds the rain, thou keepest far away, Hero, the wicked
man, thou shuttest out the wicked man.
Indra, to thee I sing, to Dyaus, to Rudra glorious in himself,
To Mitra, Varuna I sing a far-famed hymn to the kind God a far-famed hymn.
4 We. wish our Indra here that he may further you, the Friend, beloved of all, the very strong ally, in
wars the very strong ally
In all encounters strengthen thou our prayer to be a help to us.
No enemy-whom thou smitest downsubdueth thee, no enemy, whom thou smitest down.
5 Bow down the overweening pride of every foe with succour like to kindling-wood in fiercest flame,
with mighty succour, Mighty One.
Guide us, thou Hero, as of old, so art thou counted blameless still.
Thou drivest, as a Priest, all sins of man away, as Priest, in person, seeking us.
6 This may I utter to the present Soma-drop, which, meet to be invoked, with power, awakes the
prayer, awakes the demon-slaying prayer.
May he himself with darts of death drive far from us the scorner's hate.
Far let him flee away who speaketh wickedness and vanish like a mote of dust.
7 By thoughtful invocation this may we obtain, obtain great wealth, O Wealthy One, with Hero sons,
wealth that is sweet with hero sons.
Him who is wroth we pacify with sacred food and eulogies,
Indra the Holy with our calls inspired and true, the Holy One with calls inspired.
8 On, for your good and ours, come Indra with the aid of his own lordliness to drive the wicked hence,
to rend the evilhearted ones!
The weapon which devouring fiends cast at us shall destroy themselves.
Struck down, it shall not reach the mark; hurled forth, the fire-brand shall not strike.
9 With riches in abundance, Indra, come to us, come by an unobstructed path, come by a path from
demons free.
Be with us when we stray afar, be with us when our home is nigh.
Protect us with thy help both near and far away: protect us ever with thy help.
10 Thou art our own, O Indra, with victorious wealth: let might accompany thee, the Strong, to give
us aid, like Mitra, to give mighty aid.

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O strongest saviour, helper thou, Immortal! of each warrior's car.
Hurt thou another and not us, O Thunderarmed, one who would hurt, O Thunder-armed!
11 Save us from injury, thou who art well extolled: ever the warder-off art thou of wicked ones, even
as a God, of wicked ones;
Thou slayer of the evil fiend, saviour of singer such as I.
Good Lord, the Father made thee slayer of the fiends, made thee, good Lord, to slay the fiends.
[01-130] HYMN CXXX. Indra.
1. Come to us, Indra, from afar, conducting us even as a lord of heroes to the gatherings, home, like a
King, his heroes' lord.
We come with gifts of pleasant food, with juice poured forth, invoking thee,
As sons invite a sire, that thou mayst get thee strength thee, bounteousest, to get thee strength.
2 O Indra, drink the Soma juice pressed out with stones. poured from the reservoir, as an ox drinks
the spring, a very thirsty bull the spring.
For the sweet draught that gladdens thee, for mightiest freshening of thy strength.
Let thy Bay Horses bring thee hither as the Sun, as every day they bring the Sun.
3 He found the treasure brought from heaven that lay concealed, close-hidden, like the nestling of a
bird, in rock, enclosed in never-enffing rock.
Best Angiras, bolt-armed, he strove to win, as 'twere, the stall of kine;
So Indra hath disclosed the food concealed, disclosed the doors, the food that lay concealed.
4 Grasping his thunderbolt with both hands, Indra made its edge most keen, for hurling, like a
carving-knife for Ahi's slaughter made it keen.
Endued with majesty and strength, O Indra, and with lordly might,
Thou crashest down the trees, as when a craftsman fells, crashest them down as with an axe.
5 Thou, Indra, without effort hast let loose the floods to run their free course down,
like chariots, to the sea, like chariots showing forth their strength.
They, reaching hence away, have joined their strength for one eternal end,
Even as the cows who poured forth every thing for man, Yea, poured forth all thing- for mankind.
6 Eager for riches, men have formed for thee this song, like as a skilful craftsman fashioneth a car, so
have they wrought thee to their bliss;
Adorning thee, O Singer, like a generous steed for deeds of might,
Yea, like a steed to show his strength and win the prize, that he may bear each prize away.
7 For Puru thou hast shattered, Indra ninety forts, for Divodasa thy boon servant with thy bolt, O
Dancer, for thy worshipper.
For Atithigva he, the Strong, brought Sambara. from the mountain down,
Distributing the mighty treasures with his strength, parting all treasures with his strength.
8 Indra in battles help his Aryan worshipper, he who hath hundred helps at hand in every fray, in
frays that win the light of heaven.
Plaguing the lawless he gave up to Manu's seed the dusky skin;
Blazing, 'twere, he burns each covetous man away, he burns, the tyrannous away.
9 Waxed strong in might at dawn he tore the Sun's wheel off. Bright red, he steals away their speech,
the Lord of Power, their speech he steals away from them,
As thou with eager speed, O Sage, hast come from far away to hel
As winning for thine own all happiness of men, winning all happiness each day.
10 Lauded with our new hymns, O vigorous in deed, save us with strengthening help, thou Shatterer
of the Forts!
Thou, Indra, praised by Divodasa's clansmen, as heaven grows great with days, shalt wax in glory.
[01-131] HYMN CXXXI. Indra.
1. To Indra Dyaus the Asura hath bowed him down, to Indra mighty Earth with wide-extending
tracts, to win the light, with wide-spread tracts.
All Gods of one accord have set Indra in front preeminent.

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And made thine own this great earth and these water-floods. 3 This food glows for thee as of old at sacrifice. May all thy bounteous gifts be gathered up for us. Speak thou and make it known to us they see within with beams of light. So may the Render rend our foes on every side. pouring their presents forth to win a stall of kine. Also this morn may he be well inclined to us. 2 In all libations men with hero spirit urge the Universal One. at due oblation of the early-rising one. press. the good gifts of thee the Good. Their hymns with Indra find a welcome place of rest: the hynins go forward to the Gods. In the same manner for us here fight thou and be victorious: To him who pours the juice give up the lawless man. 4 So now must thy great deed be lauded as of old. will we set to the chariot-pole of strength. seeking fame. O Indra. Thee. the man who worships not. drive him far from us with the bolt. autumnal forts. onward seeking fame. conquer the men who war with us. 3 Couples desirous of thine aid are storming thee. waxen strong and well-inclined to us. Thou showest. 6 Indra and Parvata. 6. 7 O Indra. the stall. Welcome to him concealed afar shall he the lair that he hath found. slay the man. As thou. Far be malignity. hear thou a later sage's prayer. everywhere.For Indra all libations must be set apart. Indra Maghavan. As men who win with sacrifices Indra's thought. Listen thou to the prayer of me a later sage. Thou hast chastised. indeed. slay the foe. <73> . 5 And they have bruited far this hero-might when thou. to hear. eager. wherewith thou breakest down. with joyous heart these waterfloods. breakest them down with conquering might. when for the Angirases thou openedst the stall. Indra. the lawless who is wroth with us. Indra. Slay thou the man who injures us: hear thou. To him in time of need they sing for life with offspring and with strength. Indra. each seeking several light. 2 In war which wins the light. eager for glory have they gained. seeking thee. as the Strong One. di ive ye away each man who fain would war with us. Hero! with thy bolt. 4 This thine heroic power men of old time have known. mark at our call our offerings and our song of praise. each fain to win the light apart. spoil-seeker for his own allies. thou very mighty. When two men seeking spoil or heaven thou bringest face to face in war. giving aid. who sought to win thee for their Friend. for thou choosest the place of sacrifice. is found a seeker after spoil. furthering like a ship. even as we know-whom each bowed head must reverence. pouring gifts. HELPED. This day that now is close at hand bless him who pours the Soma juice. slay the man that is our foe. they conquer in the ordered battle. Indra. openedst. men who win Indra with their lauds. [01-133] HYMN CXXXIII. our call that we may win the light. yea. wherein they made thee chooser of the place . afar be all malignity. O Indra Thunder-armed. 1. as readiest. O Hero. by thee in war of old. wilt. Indra. in thy joy helpest thy suppliants. Their battle-cry thou madest sound victorious in the shocks of war. O Strong One. Indra slew. may we subdue in fight the men who strive with us. -then the bolt thy constant friend. oblation of the active one. rend them. our champions in the fight. 5 When with wise plan the Hero leads the people forth. all man's libations set apart. One stream after another have they gained from thee. Indra. [01-132] HYMN CXXXII. Lord of Strength. the spoil of war. In this our sacrifice may we divide the spoil. like mischief on the march. the Bull that ever waits on thee. showing our strength. at the freegiver's call.

3 Do thou. Wake up intelligence. to the pole to draw. to drink first of the juice we pour. 5 O Indra. wealth he gives that long shall last. directed to the heavens. hear thou us. come. let fleet-foot coursers bring thee speedily to this our feast. O Vayu gladden thee. For thee all cows are milked to yield the Soma-milk. have raised themselves to give thee strength. beat off these sorceresses' daring strength. For heaven hath glowed like earth in fear. as when a lover wakes his sleeping love. to yield the butter and the milk. hasten to mixthemselves. O Maghavan. Where throttled by thy hand the foes were slaughtered. That aids. Lord of harnessed steeds! The drops divine are lifted up for thee. Vayu. 1. Indra gives lasting wealth to him who pours forth gifts. may wait upon our skilful power. come Vayu. come to the sacrificer's gift. Thunder-armed! Most Mighty mid the Mighty Ones thou speedest with strong bolts of death. strong in their heightening power. to draw. Vayu. unchecked and strong. <74> . Lord of the harnessed team. O nunder-armed. 7 The pourer of libations gains the home of wealth. with team of thousands. Cast them within the narrow pit. WITH sacrifice I purge both earth and heaven: I burn up great she-fiends who serve not Indra. 1. The juices rich in sweets have raised thern for thy joy. at the pole. who hast none before thee. hasten to the water to be mixed. the hostilities of Gods. unconquered Hero with the brave. STREWN is the sacred grass. yea. for glory make the Dawns to shine. from the world of highest Gods. to the gift. Come with thy team-drawn car. 2 O thou who castest forth the stones crushing the sorceresses' heads. with thy wide-spreading mighty foot. effectual to fulfil. [01-134] HYMN CXXXIV. 3 Two red steeds Vayu yokes. Indra-Vayu. the Maruts from the womb of heaven. Not slaying men. 6 Thou. gratify thy mind. effectual. bright-coloured in their new-born beams. the God. and in the pit of death lay pierced and mangled. yea. 4 Of whom thou hast ere now destroyed thrice-fifty with thy fierce attacks. within the deep and narrow pit. first of all hast right to drink these offerings of Soma juice. Pouring. O Indra. with the thrice-seven brave. to win him riches thousandfold. 2 May the joy-giving drops. to the first draught of Soma juice. Vayu two purple steeds. 4 For thee the radiant Dawns in the fardistant sky broaden their lovely gannents forth in wondrous beams. as dreading fierce heat. O Hero. swift-footed. O Vayu. Illumine heaven and earth. 6 Tear down the mighty ones. he strives. though small to thee. make thou the Dawns to shine. That deed they count a glorious deed. strong. Vayu. discerning well. 5 For thee the pure bright quickly-flowing Soma-drops. a glorious deed. yea. uplifted. blent with milk and seeking heaven. they shall address the hymns we sing.1. well prepared. The Marut host hast thou engendered from the womb. poured by all invoking tribes who free themselves from taint of sin. To thee the weary coward prays for luck that he may speed away. to the chariot. Vayu. For thee the nectar-yielding Cow pours all rich treasures forth as milk. to our feast. to drink them first. Yea. [01-135] HYMN CXXXV. hast right to drink the juice out-poured. Break them with thy wide-spreading foot. most able. crush and bray to bits the fearful fiery-weaponed fiend: Strike every demon to the ground. pouring his gift conciliates hostilities. Associate teams come hitherward to grant our prayers . with hundreds. Thou by thy law protectest us from every world. May our glad hymn.

With richly laden team come to our solemn rite. offierings. mover of men is Aryaman. come ye to the rite. to taste the offerings. Brought by attendant priests pure juice is offered up. 3 Come thou with hundreds. are oficredup to you: bright. Adityas. day by day. Resplendent might have ye obtained. to the watchful Twain. are they offered up. 6 These Soma juices pressed for you in waters here. never shall the cows grow thin.slumberers. that comes co-radiant with the Sun. Indra-Vayu. Soma-drops. the celestial. a God. Firm-set in heaven is Mitra's home. ne'er may their Godhead be assailed. 1. Vayu. come with thousands in thy team to this our solemn rite. the Bulls increasing in their might. BRING adoration ample and most excellent. clothed with its lovely splendours. O Vayu. Drink. O Kings. Sovrans adored with streams of oil and praised at every sacrifice. guard from distress the liberal man. yea. sharing. the eye with Bhaga's rays of light. never for thee shall they be dry. come hitherward to be our help. him guard ye carefully. May all the Gods of one accord accept it joyfully to-day. Gods and men. 4 The chariot with its team of horses bring you both. ye Righteous Ones. Movers of men. shall have a share thereof. thy portioned share mid. Their high imperial might may nowhere be assailed. who swiftly fly within the current of thy stream. The joyous Maiden is beheld. whom no shout can stay. 4 This Soma be most sweet to Mitra. come ye day by day. from distress. ye who watch sleepless. Indra. At once the cows yield milk. This is thy seasonable share. For thee the Soma is poured forth. the path of holy law hath been maintained with rays. yea. hymn. O Vayu. with worship serves Mitra and VaruiIa. upholder of the people. mild both. among the Gods. the butter flows. borne by attendant priests. accomplish what we ask.2 Purified by the stones the Soma flows for thee. [01-136] HYMN CXXXVI. Drive thou thy horses. Swift through the strainer have they flowed. to guard us and to taste the well-appointed food. uninjured. Thence they give forth great vital strength which merits praise. with bounty come ye both. with your splendid bounty come ye both. in their course. of these Juices pressed with stones. 9 These Bulls of thine. 5 May our songs bring you hither to our solemn rites: these drops of mighty vigour have they beauti fied. whate'er we ask. and here are shed for both ofyou. to taste the offerings! Drink of the pleasant -flavoured juice the first draught is assigned to you. 3 With Aditi the luminous. Vayu. 8 Ride hither to the offering of the pleasant juice. the holy Fig-tree which victorious priests surround: victorious be they still for us. Drink of them well-inclined to us. Varuna: he in the drinking-feasts. the barleymeal is dressed. 2 For the broad Sun was seen a path more widely laid. O Vayu with the arm of strength. over the wether's fleece. Strength-givers! till they gladden you. like a swift veed of mighty strength. Lords of liberal gifts. Hard to be checked are they. flows clad in its refulgent light. 7 O Vayu. Somas over the wether's fleece. high power of life that men shall praise. to taste the sacred food. Indra. your sweetest to the bounteous Ones. are Mitra. Horseless. Therefore do ye. 5 Whoso. Vayu. come to us with love. to the reservoir. pass thou over all the. and Aryaman's and Varuna's. come well-inclined and loving us. Vayu. Indra. pure juice is offered up. For thee. fain for you. <75> . Vayu. like sunbeams. the bountiful. and where the press-stone rings enter ye both that house. go ye both within. yet even through the waste swift-moving. Mitra-Varuna. Varuna. hard to be checked by both the hands.

So make our loudly-chanted praises glorious. WITH stones have we pressed out: O come. camel-like. the God. but with these our eyes. come to us. I urge with lauds that thou mayst make the foemen flee. Indra and Vayu we elect. Pusan. praise Bhaga and heavenly Aryaman. thou who hast goats for steeds. to Mitra and to bounteous Varuna. the pious call you with their hymns of praise. Who beautifies their service with his lauds. Goat-borne! their gift who long for fame. come. his song of praise is never faint. juices expressed and blent with curd. with Indra still beside us. above the true have taken to yourselves the untrue with your mind. 3 Thou. drive. HEARD be our prayer! In thought I honour Agni first: now straightway we elect this heavenly company. So in the seats wherein ye dwell have we beheld the Golden One. giver of bliss. Then may our holy songs go forward on their way. I slight thee not. in wisdom even they are advanced. 1. Not stirred to anger. 1. O Wide-Ruler. Mitra. with the eyes that Soma gives. juice waits for Mitra and for Varuna to drink. for sacrihce. [01-137] HYMN CXXXVII. the source. 2 Here are the droppings. [01-139] HYMN CXXXIX. coming hitherward. May ye come nigh us. praise thou Agni. to Heaven and Earth. Varuna. Pusan. these Soma-drops which gladden you. Come to us. they milk with stones the stalk for you. hath drawn to him the hearts of all. come thou to us in every fight. drawn them. like a swift one on his way. come ye nigh the Soma-droppings blent with curd. 3 As 'twere a radiant-coloured cow. Now for the wakening of your Dawn together with the Sun-God's rays. Visvedevas. Vigorous one. even in wisdom. may ye turn hither to drink the Soma juice. So. 2 As there ye. 6 Worship will I proress to lofty Dyaus. we come to thee with prayers for wealth. living men. a God. [01-138] HYMN CXXXVIII. Mitra-Varuna. 3 Asvins. 7 With the Gods' help. Seeking felicity I laud him nigh to help. to take this gift of ours. to their oblations. yea. For when our latest thought is raised and on Vivasvan centred well. O Pusan. the glory of his lordly might is never faint. sounding their loud song forth to you. Varuna give us shelter this may we gain. through thy grace. 2 Thee. who makes it beautiful with songs of praise. The men pressed out this juice. Kings who reach to heaven. have progeny with Soma's help. nigh to us. Long may we live and have attendant progeny. Not with our thoughts or spirit. of bliss. the Vigorous One. our foes afar. May Agni. Free-giver. in battles make them glorious. to be my Friend. O Pusan. our songs as 'twere unto the Gods. As I. fair juice for drink. Mitra and Varuna. Wonder-Worker! may we turn thee hither with effectual lauds. Who. pressed out this Soma for your drink. in whose friendship they who sing forth praise enjoy advantage. bright Soma juices blent with milk. may we be held self-splendid with the Maruts. then. Mitra. a man. call thee. the Bounteous. STRONG Pusan's majesty is lauded evermore.Aryaman guards him well who acts uprightly following his law. these living men. these gladdening drops are blent with milk. <76> . thou Resplendent One: thy friendship may not be despised. approach us. These milky drops are yours. So. after this most recent course. 1. with wisdom's mental energy. Mitra and Varuna. we and our wealthy princes. the Compassionate. Praise Indra. with stones they milk the Soma-plant. 4 Not stirred to anger.

Mighty Ones! of your golden car. rings forth. <77> . 9 Dadhyac of old. the strong gained many a resting-place. Ye seek mid-air as by a path that leads aright. O Mighty Ones: ye open heaven. 1 To splendid Agni seated by the altar. to the Kings adorable: When. and shakes his horns like one terrific. I bring the food as 'twere his place of birth. to give wealth great and wonderful. O Gods. new every age. O Agni. 7 Quickly. The offerings which we bring to you shall never fail. Proving his might. Maruts! may be difficult to gain. 10 Let the Invoker bless: let offerers bring choice gifts. bow with song. 6 These Soma-drops. surpassing man. one to be watched and cherished. dispelling gloom. fleet. 6 Amid brown plants he stoops as if adorning them. and rushes panting on with thunder and with roar. Brhaspati the Friend doth sacrifice with Steers. When o'er the spacious tract he spreads himself abroad. 2 Child of a double birth he grasps at triple food. Eleven. Anigiras. come thou to us benevolent. 11 O ye Eleven Gods whose home is heaven. for thee the drops are welling forth. Atri. urged onward by the wind and rapid in their course. poured. for their high station. To these. O ye Deities. our birth-connexions are with them. as by a path that leads direct. Ye who with might. Thou who acceptest praise come glorified by hymns. 5 O Rich in Strength. strengthener of his sire. 5 Dispelling on their way the horror of black gloom . 1 bow down with song. gliding with easy speed. 8 Ne'er may these manly deeds of yours for us grow old. consumes the trees. with other. Lords of all wealth! depend on you. 4 Well is it known. The fellies of your golden chariot scatter drops. destroying. I clothe the bright One with my hymn as with a robe. accept this sacrifice. never before our time decay. moving in the dark bestir themselves: both parents hasten to the babe. wondrous. Impetuous-tongued. joined with them. He.All glories and all nourishment. pressed out by pressing-stones. bright-hued. They milked her: Aryaman. loving well his home. The very Strong hath gained the waters by himself. thou Friend of men. What deed of yours. 3 The pair who dwell together. Their long line stretcheth to the Gods. springing swiftly forth. did the work: he knoweth her as well as I. making a glorious show these flames Of his fly forth. yea. in the year's course what he hath swallowed grows anew. 4 For man. O ye Eleven who make earth your dwelling. hear us: magnified by us thou shalt speck for us to the Gods adorable yea. [01-140] HYMN CXL. tbose of ancient days and Manu knew. Steers that have many an excellence. he decks the glory of his form. unswerving steeds for morning rites. through your great power vouchsafe us blessings day and night. strong Indra! drink for heroes. Agni. Discordant-minded. by another's mouth and tongue a noble Bull. impatient. whate'er is hard to gain. They shall make glad thy heart to give. are welling forth for thee. lightly running. bard to stay. and Kanva. never may your bright glories fall into decay. ploughing blackened lines. gifts brought by us shall never fail. ye Mighty. Agni. him with the car of light. live in waters. grant us. and rushes bellowing like a bull upon his wives. Whatever. for you the chariotsteeds are yoked for morning rites. to Indra. with pleasure. We set you on the chariot-scat. these steeds of thine are yoked. on the golden car. ye gave that Milch-cow to the Angirases. Now with our ears we catch the sound of the press-stone that rings afar. Manu knew my birth. Priyamedha these. as an elephant.

7 Now covered. now displayed he grasps as one who knows his resting-place in those who know him well. and in them pure and uninjured he increased in magnitude. for mixture of the sweet drink. unsubdued. he dwells in food. and may the red Dawns choose for us their choicest. they rise up again to meet the Living One. the Bounteous. hath risen up. When. 8 The maidens with long. verily. in the days of old. are made strong. pressing to him as unto Bhaga. living. black-winged and pure of birth who follows sundry paths. 4 When from the Highest Father he is brought to us. thou with thy might pervading hast been born encompassing them round. thou. serpent-like winding through the dry grass unrestrained. A second time they wax and gather Godlike power. 7 What time the Holy One. 13 Welcome our laud with thine approval. he with his red limbs lifts himself aloft to heaven. 5 Then also entered he the Mothers. most youthful he is born resplendent in his light. that they might drain the treasures of the Bull. licking up all around. like a loud-snorting bull. pouring gifts. the fair effulgence of the God for glory was established. in the seven auspicious Mothers is his home. When Matarisvan rubbed forth him who lay concealed. Releasing them from age with a loud roar he comes. next. Varuna who guards the Law. from the Steer's wondrous form. 8 Like a swift chariot made by men who know their art. 11 May this our perfect prayer be dearer unto thee than an imperfect prayer although it please thee well. 1. Mitra and Aryaman. 10 Agni. much-praised. wondrously. Strengthening all that walk. O Agni. YEA. by the power and will of Gods. 6 Therefore they choose him Herald at the morning rites. to our house. mayest thou grant to us abundant store of wealth. When he inclines thereto successful is the hymn: the songs of sacrifice have brought him as they flow 2 Wonderful. As to the first he rose. Agni. a blackened path. as the felly holds the spokes. a boat with moving feet and constant oarage. amid the plants he rises hungry. the maidens brought forth him for whom the ten provide. 12 Grant to our chariot. 3 What time from out the deep. 9 Licking the mantle of the Mother. dead. 10 O Agni. May earth and heaven and freely flowing rivers Yield us long life and food and corn and cattle. tresses hold him in embrace. far and wide he wanders over fields with beasts that flee apace. accustomed to the house. since he sprang from strength. O Agni. One that may further well our wealthy princes and all the folk. filling them with new spirit. forsooth. Thy worshippers become by burning black of hue: their strength flies as before a hero's violence. rich in nourishment. <78> . With the pure brilliancy that radiates from thy form. the Chiefs who had the power produced him with their strength. For. to him who toils and pours libations. and blending both together change their Parents' form. wind-urged. Dust lies upon the way of him who burneth all. shine resplendent with our wealthy chiefs. Thou casting off thine infant wrappings blazest forth as though thou hadst put on a coat of mail for war. [01-141] HYMN CXLI. he leaves where'er he goes. 9 By thee. Most Youthful! sendest wealth and all the host of Gods. he goes at all times to his mortal worshipper to drink. Agni. so now he runs among the younger lowest ones. As both together join to expedite his birth. Thirdly. the vigorous from of old. and be our certain refuge.

2 Thou dealest forth. To Indra who inspires the hymn cry Glory! and present the gift. ageless. Now may these wealthy chiefs and we together spread forth as spreads the Sun above the rainclouds. who rules. set amang Gods. The rays of Agni. amid the Maruts Bhirati. [01-143] HYMN CXLIII. For increase and for growth of wealth. [01-142] HYMN CXLII Apris. therefore. Complete this sacrifice of ours. wide. When he was kindled. is chanted forth to thee. Agni. sweet sacrifice enriched with oil. good luck abiding in the house. Tanunapat. thyself. 4 Agni. united. O sweet of tongue. To Agni I present a newer mightier hymn. adorable. one Sovran Lord of wealth. fittest to receive the Gods. like the floods. <79> . seat them together on the grass. ever wise. in season. hymned with lauds. Wealth that directs both worlds as they were guiding-reins. give forth. with best directions to bliss and highest happiness conduct us. 8 May the two Priests Divine. young Child of Strength. hear us. with gifts. I bring my words and song unto the Son of Strength. Sarasvati. advanced to height of universal kingship. they invite thee to the sacrifice. For this my hymn of praise. 2 Soon as he sprang to birth that Agni was shown forth to Matarisvan in the highest firmament. 12 To Vayu joined with Pusan. 10 May Tvastar send us genial dew abundant. God intelligent. 7 May Night and Morning. 13 With hymns of might hath Agni now been lauded. 1. like Varuna. and call the Gods to sacrifice. Gods to-day for him who lifts the ladle up. will we set anew. Tvastar our kinsman and our Friend. Who. he with the radiant car and rapid horses. unfailing. High. bring. Brought by a singer such as I who offers gifts and toils for thee. through his power and majesty his fiery splendour made the heavens and earth to shine. Ila. fair to look upon. 5 The ladle-holders strew trimmed grass at this well-ordered sacrifice. 6 Thrown open be the Doors Divine. sprinkles the sacrifice with mead. 1. speed our oblation to the Gods. 11 Vouchsafe us riches turned to worthy ends. Agni. rest on the grass. A home for Indra is adorned. with the Maruts. 3 He wondrous. 3 His flames that wax not old. Narasamsa from the heavens. O Indra. the Priest resplendent. Offspring of the Waters. 13 Come hither to enjoy the gifts prepared with cry of Glory! Come. beams fair to look upon of him whose face is lovely. rich in gifts. bring hitherward Indra the Friend. dear Invoking Priest. besought. and. the sweet-voiced lovers of the hymn. purifying. Mahi. the Soma juice. 12 May he. 4 Send thou with hymns that Agni to his own abode. through the nights glimmer sleepless. reaching heaven to-day. the sage. 11 Vanaspati. so that the Gods may enter in. the Gods' assent in sacrifice. wondrous. Spin out the ancient thread for him who sheds. even as Bhaga. the Wonderful. May Agni. a God mid Gods adorable. Thrice. much-desired. bearing precious things sits on the earth. shine with beauteous sheen. effectual. and the host of Gods. him whose active force is light. that assist the rite. May Agni. sanctifying. Strong Mothers of the sacrifice. joyful. 9 Let Hotri pure.Thee. very Wise. hear their calling. bright. KINDLED. and strong capacity. most wealthy! in our battle-song.

the Babe with flawless help hath mustered vigorous might. whom the Bhrgus with their might brought to earth's central point. 7 Agni. self-sustained. All-possessor. to him these racing mares: he only will give ear to all the words I speak. born of Holy Law! For fair to see art thou turning to every side. hath grasped. Agni. bright. victor. Agni.creeps forward with his kin. as he who drives the car holds fast the horse's reins. whose face is bright with oil. 6 For. encompassed in the home and birth-place of the God. Agni. full of wisdom. the pair who dwell together in the same abode. never beguiled. <80> . 3 Seeking in course altern to reach the selfsame end the two copartners strive to win this beauteous form. refulgent in our gatherings. Agni with sharpened jaws chews up and cats the trees. with wondrous power sending aloft the hymn of glorious brilliancy. All-speeding. O Helper. Forgetting not the former nor the later word. never heedless. pleasant to look on as a dwelling filled with food.Him. Agni. 2 They ask of him: not all learn by their questioning what he. with guards auspicious. like to a dart sent forth. perfecter of sacrifice. with his own mind. passing untouched by eld through many an age of man. thou by thine own might rulest o'er all that is in heaven and on the earth. golden closely joined. will not the Vasu grant our wish with gifts of wealth? Will not the Inspirer speed our prayers to gain their end? Him with the radiant glance 1 laud with this my song. which are the first to kiss the place where he abides. absorbed those Godlike powers for which he is adored. He speeds over the sloping surface of the land: new deeds hath he performed with those who gird him round. [01-145] HYMN CXLV. strong. 1. he. the devotions. 3 To him these ladles go. 7 The kindler of the flame wins Agni as a Friend. he knoweth it. 4 He whom the two copartners with observance tend. By night as in the day the grey one was born young. And these two Mighty Ones. even as the bolt from heaven. and conquers them as when the warrior smites his foes. With guards that never slumber. newly born. THE Priest goes forth to sacrifice. With him are admonitions and with him commands: he is the Lord of Strength. not careless. and straightway. He moves to meet the ladles turning to the right. even as the Maruts' roar. He. be glad in this our prayer. the Lord of Power and Might. joy-giver. very mighty. rolling them round are come unto thy sacred grass. promoter of the Law. 5 Him the ten fingers. 6 And will not Agni find enjoyment in our praise. the Sage. animate: we mortals call on him a God to give us help. is implored. in his mental power. 8 Keep us incessantly with guards that cease not. He stirs the wearied man to pleasure and great joy what time the longing gifts approach him as he comes. 4 Whate'er he meets he grasps and then runs farther on. when he dwelt extended in the waters' lap. Ask ye of him for he is come. the centre of the world. [01-144] HYMN CXLIV. is now implored. 1. as 'twere. 2 To him sang forth the flowing streams of Holy Law. Inflamed and keen. like a herdsman. he goeth on. keep our children. accept with joy. Like Bhaga must he be duly invoked by us. 5 He whom no force can stay. he lifts our hymn on high clad in his radiant hues.

praised Agni! save thou him that lauds thee: bring us not into trouble and affliction. [01-148] HYMN CXLVIII.5 He is a wild thing of the flood and forest: he hath been laid upon the highest surface. who. I LAUD the seven-rayed. in varied figure. may never injure. when a mortal knowingly. O Agni. he preserved the pious the foes who fain would harm them did no mischief. Bright like the Sun. harms us with double-dealing. O Agni. for he knows Law. 1. Longing. Far as the Wealthy One hath spread himself abroad. 1. 4 The sinful man who worships not. and another sings thy praises: I thine adorer laud thy form. Is he whom they have set mid human houses. when they saw him. One hates thee. As. So that on both sides fostering seed and offspring. full many a thing he chews and crunches: he shines amid the wood with spreading brightness. <81> . spread forth in all directions. HITHER he hastens to give. All acts of mine shall they accept with pleasure. Agni the Wise. 5 Him. 5 Yea. He hath declared the lore of works to mortals. the Gods may joy in Holy Law's fulfilment? 2 Mark this my speech. Men blind and sightless through his splendour hurt not: his never-failing lovers have preserved him. guarding with varied skill the Ever-Youthful. Sunk in the lap of all that moves and moves not. driving them like the keen shaft of an archer. Upon his glowing flames the wind blows daily. they turned their eyes unto the River: to these the Sun of men was manifested. Agni. piercing. lie pressing-stones shall serve him speeding near us. 3 Him in his constant seat men skilled in worship have taken and with praises have established. Agni all-perfect in his Parents' bosom. 4 The prudent sages lead him to his dwelling. 2 As a great Steer he grew to these his Parents. How. O Agni. hath spread in his effulgence through the three luminous realms. with hundredfold existence. Lord of great riches. gay-hued as light and shining forth for beauty. Agni.Be this in turn to him a heavy sentence may he distress himself by his revilings. harnessed to a chariot fleet-foot horses. sublime lie stands. both skilled and fain to harm. [01-146] HYMN CXLVI. far-reaching. the triple-headed. Agni my help approves me. 5 Born noble in the regions. WHAT Matarisvan. at his command let bearers lead him forward. whom while yet in embryo the hostile. 1. aim of all mens' eyes to be implored for life by great and small alike. Herald of all the Gods. Who hasting forward rests upon the altar. Lord of all riches. Agni. 2 As Steer of men so Steer of earth and heaven by glory. doubly born. he whose streams all life hath drunken. laudation from the singer who presents it. Agni. offering not. preserved blind Mamateya from affliction. 2 They shall not harm the man who brings thee praises: such as I am. Best sacrificing Priest where waters gather. O Victor. injures with double tongue a fellow-mortal. 1. 4 He. formed by friction. him who hath filled all luminous realms of heaven. [01-147] HYMN CXLVII. Agni. entrusting all desires to him the Mighty. he is the Sire all-visible of this progeny. have the radiant ones. From him. [01-149] HYMN CXLIX. 4 Wondrous. through all the regions. 3 Thy guardian rays. 3 Coming together to their common youngling both Cows. wise Courser like the Steed of cloudy heaven. King of the mighty. the Truthful. aspiring. Measuring out the paths that must be travelled. untouched by eld. He plants his footsteps on the lofty ridges of the broad earth: his red flames lick the udder. thou. 3 He who hath lighted up the joyous castle. endued thee with the vigour of the living. Most Youthful! offered to thee by him who gives most freely. Divine One. fairshaped. to the place of treasure.

6 The flames with curling tresses serve your sacrifice. the crowding kine are in the stalls. may we be foremost. Who marketh. Here in the neighbourhood they cry unto the Sun at morning and at evening. while ye with earnest soul come to us gloriously. have done this work for you. To you they bring their hymns with their collected thought. loved and Holy One. THE robes which ye put on abound with fatness: uninterrupted courses are your counsels. Give mental power to him who sings the sacred song. as if through stirrings of the mind. wide-spread raiment. Righteous Ones. fulfilling your desire. 5 On this great earth ye send your treasure down with might: unstained by dust. 1. As in the keeping of the great inciting God. always advancing. [01-152] HYMN CLII. Mitra-Varuna. 3 The Footless Maid precedeth footed creatures. Asuras! whom ye dearly love: ye. True is the crushing word the sage hath uttered. not the Papis have attained your Godhead and your wealth. 8 With sacrifices and with milk they deck you first. like swift birds of prey. [01-151] HYMN CLI. 3 The folk have glorified your birth from Earth and Heaven. O Singer. a Friend.5 Priest doubly born. we thy worshippers. enjoy the sacrifice periormed with holy praise and strength. is that man. All falsehood. and hearken. Agni. sage and priest. Mitra and Varuna 1. Strong Ones. like friends. Heroes. mightiest of the great in heaven. The fearful four-edged bolt smites down the three-edged. Come well-inclined to us unto our songs and prayer. 2 Thou who ne'er movest thee to aid the indolent. Not the past days conjoined with nights. ye bind unto the work. helper of all mankind. never falling downward. this your doing? The Babe Unborn supporteth this world's burthen. and worships. prosper our holy songs: ye are sole Masters of the singer's hymn of praise. ye Righteous Ones. 4 The people prospers. 1. That efficacious power that comes from lofty heaven. thy faithful servant I call upon thee with many a gift. at the sacrifice. Ye. 2 As these. HEAVEN and earth trembled at the might and voice of him. proclaim aloud the Holy Law. Wearing inseparable. ye Strong Ones. to the master ofthe house. he through his love of glory hath in his keeping all things worth the choosing.To him do ye draw nigh and taste his sacrifice. 4 We look on him the darling of the Maidens. Agni. these prompt servants of Purumilha Somaofferer. whom. whereto ye sing the song. Mitra-Varuna! ye conquer. when ye bring to singer and the rite. 2 This might of theirs hath no one comprehended. the godless man. <82> . Him who though wealthy never brings an offering. Send down of your free will. Mitra's and Varuna's delightful glory. AGNI. not rivers. fuIfilleth Law and overcometh falsehood. mid waters. The wise who longed for spoil in fight for kine brought forth with power. [01-150] HYMN CL. and closely cleave unto the Law Eternal. and those who hate the Gods first fall and perish. Mitra and Varuna. 9 Rich strength of life is yours: ye. 7 Whoso with sacrifices toiling brings you gifts. have obtained through your surpassing powers rich farextending might. The man who brings him gifts hath noble offspring. Mitra-Varuna. as to the pole an ox. 3 Splendid. for your mighty power. to be extolled.

its glory. accordant. praise aloud in song your draught of juice. the well of meath in Visnu's highest footstep. close akin to the Wide-Strider. may we have rain from heaven to make us prosper. dread. Visnu 1. So that with us. To the great Hero. for folk who bring oblation. Developed. who borne as 'twere by noble steed. a well-formed hymn is offered. in assemblies. is restless with amaze. the Father's highest name. [01-155] HYMN CLV. 4 We laud this manly power of him the Mighty One. That which hath been directed well at mortal man. [01-154] HYMN CLIV. WE worship with our reverence and oblations you. Mitra-Varuna. bow-armed Krsanu's arrow. 7 Gods. bounteous and benign. ye Twain whose backs are sprinkled with oil. far extended. imperishable. May our prayer be victorious in battles. 2 Your Soma-drinker keeps afar your furious rush. Who propped the highest place of congregation. <83> . like some wild beast. the third is that which is high in the light of heaven. nor the feathered birds of air who fly with wings. the ancient House-Lord. ye turn far aside. horn but not of horses. well skilled in rites. the Bull far-striding. 4 So may the kine and heavenly Waters pour you sweet drink in families that make you joyful. widely striding. 6 He. like to a human priest. 6 Fain would we go unto your dwelling-places where there are many-horned and nimble oxen. and the prince fain to worship you for blessings. Who verily alone upholds the threefold. with love and worship. he cometh to our call. drink of the milk the cow provideth. [01-153] HYMN CLIII.Gods ne'er beguiled. give us. He lowers. prowling. long. inoffensive. vast in form. Aditi the Milch-cow streams for the rite. For there springs. hath in swift motion set his ninety racing steeds together with the four. the heaven. widely pacing. dwelling on the mountains. Strong Ones. like a rounded wheel. Indra and Visnu. But his third step doth no one venture to approach. neighing he flieth on with back uplifted. though a son. Mitra-Varuna. Of this may he.5 Unbridled Courser. 5 A mortal man. him who sets his mind thereon. His who strode. have stood upon the lofty ridges of the hills. The youthful love mystery thought-surpassing. 1. when he beholds two steps of him who looks upon the light. Enjoy. When in the assembly he who worships moves you. 2 For this his mighty deed is Visnu lauded. 3 These offerings increase his mighty manly strength: he brings both Parents down to share the genial flow. I WILL declare the mighty deeds of Visnu. and Visnu. no more a child. Visnu-Indra. mighty. there. when ye come with all your might. preserver. mountain-roaming. 2 Your praise is like a mighty power. and calling Aditi with his lips give us assistance. 4 Him whose three places that are filled with sweetness. He within whose three wide-extended paces all living creatures have their habitation. shineth down upon us the widely-striding Bull's sublimest mansion. a youth. with gifts presented. joy as it may list them. 3 O Mitra-Varuna. praising in Mitra-Varuna. with three steppings forth over the realms of earth for freedom and for life. 3 Let the hymn lift itself as strength to Visnu. For mightily. 1. Mitra Varuna. 5 May I attain to that his well-loved mansion where men devoted to the Gods are happy. As the priest decks yon. the priests with oil and hymns support you. 6 May the milch-kine who favour Mamateya prosper in this world him who loves devotion. thrice setting down his footstep. Him who alone with triple step hath measured this common dwelling-place. no. with those who sing forth praise. the earth. be food. an impulse: to you. and all living creatures. Twain Gods. of him who measured out the earthly regions. let me make you delight in this oblation. May he.

the sovrans of the wood. Three-seated. widely famed. Asvins. 2 Who may give you aught. The Asvins have equipped their chariot for the course. 5 Even he the Heavenly One who came for fellowship. 6 Leeches are ye with medicines to heal us. when ye stand beside us. ye Asvins Twain. and charioteers are ye with skill in driving. helps the Aryan man. FAR-SHINING. [01-158] HYMN CLVIII. for your favour. [01-157] HYMN CLVII. O Asvins passing mighty. throned in three worlds. shall verily surpass in glory e'en his peer. fed with the oil. Asvins. when fixed for you it bites the ground it stands on. opulent. singers. AGNI is wakened: Surya riseth from the earth. Visnu hath power supreme and might iliat finds the day. Let not the wood ten times up-piled consume me. Ye. Prolong our days of life. Ye have sent forth. to cattle and to men. Who Maker. 6 Dirghatamas the son of Mamati hath come to length of days in the tenth age of human kind. as well as ye know. 5 Ye store the germ of life in female creatures. enjoy the grace of thee the Mighty One. primeval germ of Order even from his birth. the Dasa wounded his own breast and shoulders. When Traitana would cleave my head asunder. give sway to him who brings oblation and with his heart pours out his gift before you. Visnu. wipe out our trespasses. e'en the wise must swell thy song of praise. ye equip your very mighty car. 4 Bring hither nourishment for us. wherein the Dilsas cast me securely bound. Strong Strengtheners. Ye Strong. 4 The Sovran Varuna and both the Asvins wait on this the will of him who guides the Marut host. strong. ye Twain. 3 Him have ye satisfied. the waters. and gives the worshipper his share of Holy Law. be our companions and our Friends. was equipped and set amid the waters. be helpful. and he who hath oblations pay thee solemn rites. Visnu 1. to us. So. Mitra-like. going thy wonted way. <84> . have not devoured me. YE Vasus Twain. destroy our foes. 5 The most maternal streams. God Savitar hath moved the folk in sundry ways. to Visnu who ordains. 3 Nigh to us come the Asvins' lauded three-wheeled car. sea-crossing.[01-156] HYMN CLVI. may it bring weal to us. refulgent Dawn hath shone with all her light. godly to the godlier. ye Rudras full of counsel. Vasus. great Helpers when ye come forward with no niggard succour. together with his Spouse. 2 When. our power with honey and with oil. ye lay it up within all living beings. the fire. Asvins. at the Cow's place. What wealth Aucathya craves of you. To our devotion give victorious strength in war: may we win riches in the heroes' strife for spoil. 1. Visnu to Indra. bestowing all delight. Mighty. and with his Friend unbars the stable of the kine. have told it forth: may we. sprinkle us with your whip that drops with honey-dew. 1. grant us. He is the Brahman of the waters as they strive to reach their end and aim: their charioteer is he. ye grant through worship? Wake for us understanding full of riches. Who tells the lofty birth of him the Lofty One. 2 He who brings gifts to him the Ancient and the Last. bedew. for what. 4 May this my praise preserve Ucathya's offispring: let not these Twain who fly with wings exhaust me. Visnu. the car laden with meath and drawn by fleet-foot steeds. 3 As erst for Tugra's son your car. knowing e'en his name. So may I gain your shelter and protection as with winged course a hero seeks his army. come with a heart that will fulfil our longing.

they have made the world of life. Whereby we may extend ourselves ever over the folk. in the depths of sea. the Strengtheners of Law. 4 When thus. the spirited. and on the Mother's great inherent power I muse. Sage. the refulgent Sages. O Sudhanvan's Children. the fulgent Sun. <85> . ye had done ye questioned thus. most wise. he the Priest with power to cleanse. 2 The chalice that is single make ye into four: thus have the Gods commanded. conjoined with Gods. therefore am I come. Brother Agni. They. have measured out the Twins united in their birth and in their home. 3 Son of these Parents. the Father and the Mother keep all creatures safe: The two world-halves. why hath the Youngest come to us? Upon what embassy comes he? What have we said? We have not blamed the chalice of illustrious birth. Heaven and Earth. 5 As Tvastar thus had spoken. A courser must be made. the wise. 2 With invocations. Prolific Parents. When we have done these things. on the gracious Father's mind. when he viewed the four wrought chalices. 4 Among the skilful Gods most skilled is he. Who. Heaven and Earth. through wonder-working wisdom bring forth choicest boons. Rbhus. I PRAISE with sacrifices mighty Heaven and Earth at festivals. Brother. yea. we turn to you. great glory and high lordly sway. 5 This is to-day the goodliest gift of Savitar: this thought we have when now the God is furthering us. brought forth to life the two great Mothers first of all. that never fail. On us with loving-kindness Heaven and Earth bestow riches and various wealth and treasure hundredfold! [01-160] HYMN CLX. Whither went he who came to us a messenger? Then Tvastar. because the Father hath clothed them in goodly forms. of wondrous power. O Heaven and Earth. and send us strength that shall deserve the praise of men. the beautiful. ye guard the station of your Son who knows no guile. and the Twain made young. 4 They with surpassing skill.[01-159] HYMN CLIX. To keep the truth of all that stands and all that moves. Let us slay these men who have reviled the chalice. ye will do this thing ye shall participate in sacrifice with Gods. weave within the sky. bestow on us. mighty. O Rbhus. sanctifies the worlds with his surpassing power. 3 These Sons of yours well skilled in work. drinking-cup of Gods. A cow must be created. bestow prosperity on all. They gave themselves new names when Soma juice was shed. 1 WHY hath the Best. Who with great wisdom measured both the regions out. THESE. ye mighty Pair. 3 What to the envoy Agni in reply ye spake. and for their brood all round wide immortality. 5 Extolled in song. Holy Ones and wise. concealed himself among the Consorts of the Gods. and under these new names the Maiden welcomed them. [01-161] HYMN CLXI. and stablished them with pillars that shall ne'er decay. 2 Widely-capacious Pair. If. having Gods for progeny. 1. sustainers of the region. We. praised the goodness of the wood. Thereto for his bright milk he milked through all the days the party-coloured Cow and the prolific Bull. a chariot fashioned here. who made the two world-halves which bring prosperity to all. 1. a web for ever new. Heaven and Earth. Two Bowls of noble kind: between these Goddesses the God. travels by fixed decree.

10 One downward to the water drives the crippled cow. 9 What part of the Steed's flesh the fly hath eaten. then at the third libation gladden ye yourselves. Rbhus. to glory. covered with trappings and with wealth. atoner. and skilled in war. may all this be with thee. the share of Pusan. While Tvastar sends him forward with the Charger. 6 The hewers of the post and those who carry it. That day. ye glided through the worlds. 9 Most excellent are waters. O Sons of Strength. in order. and water in the valleys. obtained your share in sacrifice. Those who prepare the cooking-vessels for the Steed. or is left sticking to the post or hatchet. 5 Invoker. most excellent is Agni. The goat precedeth him. sage. another trims the flesh brought on the carving-board. the grasped oblation. In him rejoice the singers and the sages. Sudhanvan's Sons.-among the Gods. the head-stall and the girths and cords about him. Another praised to many a one the lightning cloud. How did the Parents aid their children in their task! 11 On the high places ye have made the grass for man. Sudhanvan's Sons. Let not that lie on earth or grass neglected. One carries off the refuse at the set of sun.-among the Gods. the Asvins' car is horsed. The dappled goat goeth straightforward. And the grass put within his mouth to bait him. too. 3 Dear. and any odour of raw flesh remaining. through the mid-firmament the Wind approaches. ye formed a horse: a chariot ye equipped. this goat. on earth this Agni.-may the approving help of these promote our work. the Charger with his smooth back is come my prayer attends him. If ye approve not even this. 8 May the fleet Courser's halter and his heel-ropes. but to the longing Gods let all be offered. This let the immolators set in order and dress the sacrifice with perfect cooking. thus said one of you. Varuna comes in the sea's gathered waters. God-descended. Out of a horse. [01-162] HYMN CLXIL The Horse. With this well ordered sacrifice. or drink ye this. 10 Food undigested steaming from his belly. ye iterate not to-day that act of yours. Or to the slayer's hands and nails adhereth. 13 When ye had slept your fill. <86> . or the Maruts. desirous of your presence. unto that ancient Pair ye gave again their youth. Ayu. 14 The Maruts move in heaven. ye Rbhus. acceptable for sacrifice.6 Indra hath yoked his Bays. ye first unclosed our eyes. were the words ye spake to them. and those who carve the knob to deck the Horse's stake. the share of Pusan. do ye fill full the channels of the rivers. too. Indra. bleating. is first led forward with the vigorous Courser. ministering priest. 1. When we declare amid the congregation the virtues of the strong Steed. 2 What time they bear before the Courser. 8 Drink ye this water. by your skill. who now hath wakened us? The goat declared the hound to be your wakener. the rinsing of the Munjagrass. Ye went as Rbhus. thus ye asked. or Mitra. for the regions of the Gods. let all these be with thee. speaking the words of truth. Rbhuksan. and to the Gods the sacrifice announceth. your sleeping in the house of him whom naught can hide. 7 Forth. reciter. compassing them round. to the place dear to Indra and to Pusan. in a full year. Aryaman. distilleth. 11 What from thy body which with fire is roasted. Then did ye shape the cups. O thou whom naught may hide. SLIGHT us not Varuna. 7 Ye by your wisdom brought a cow from out a hide. when thou art set upon the spit. who goeth to the Gods as meet oblation. fire-kindler Soma-presser. 12 As. O Men. and went unto the Gods. thus another said. Vaja to the Gods. A good friend have we won for the Gods' banquet. 4 When thrice the men lead round the Steed. Brhaspati hath brought the Cow of every hue. where had the venerable Parents their abode? Ye laid a curse on him who raised his arm at you: to him who spake aloud to you ye spake again. to all Gods. Vibhvan. well finished.

O Horse. 9 Horns made of gold hath he: his feet are iron: less fleet than he. in fire I offer. Full companies have followed for thy friendship: the pattern of thy vigour Gods have copied. the Celestial Coursers Put forth their strength. <87> .-all these. The Horse. 22 May this Steed bring us all-sustaining riches. Cut ye with skill. the smell is good. await the distribution. amid the balls. 1. and the charm of maidens. remove it. thou art not injured: by easy paths unto the Gods thou goest. O Courser. and consecrated. Let not a greedy clumsy immolator. the covers of the dishes. with excessive urging hath with his heel or with his whip distressed thee. they say. 2 This Steed which Yama gave hath Trita harnessed. and him. 21 No. approved. with rounded haunches. Whene'er a man brings thee to thine enjoyment. is Indra. His bridle the Gandharva grasped. 18 The four-and-thirty ribs of the. three within the ocean. -may their approving help promote labour. which those who guard the holy Law keep safely. 20 Let not thy dear soul burn thee as thou comest. 8 After thee. when seated.-such Charger do the Gods accept with favour. the heel-ropes. -among the Gods. And. Courser. his place of rest and rolling. too. thou hast in heaven that bind thee. Offered. and to the ass's pole is yoked the Charger. O Vasus. I saw thy head still soaring. these. craving meat. thou art Aditya. 15 Let not the fire. O Steed. the bridegroom. 7 Here I beheld thy form. thy birth is nigh and must be lauded. pleasant to travel. Freedom from sin may Aditi vouchsafe us: the Steed with our oblations gain us lordship! [01-163] HYMN CLXIII. and piece by piece declaring them dissect them. mangle thy limbs unduly. first of all. the first of all. 6 Thyself from far I recognized in spirit. from out the Sun ye fashioned forth the Courser. Here have I seen the auspicious reins that guide thee. there where they say is thy sublimest birth-place. nor glowing caldron smell and break to pieces. when they. striving upward by paths unsoiled by dust. the upper covering and the golden trappings. All these thy woes. 3 Yama art thou. 17 If one. beloved. hooks.-this is the custom-two there are who guide him. missing the joints. 13 The trial-fork of the flesh-cooking caldron. as with the oblations' ladle at sacrifices.12 They who observing that the Horse is ready call out and say. Trita art thou by secret operation. They say thou hast three bonds in heaven that hold thee. 5 Here-. 4 Three bonds. though swift as thought. The halters which restrain the Steed. may all these attend thee. thou neighedst. the Courser. mettled like heroes. make thee crackle.good horses. the food he tasted. matchless in glory. smoke-scented. are the places where they groomed thee. they offer. first springing into life. swift as the wind in motion is thy spirit. hath Indra mounted. Courser. kin to the Gods. The Gods have come that they may taste the oblation of him who mounted. have reached the heavenly causeway. here are the traces of thy hoofs as winner. manly offspring. 16 The robe they spread upon the Horse to clothe him. so that the parts be flawless. the Steeds. and eagle pinions. three in the waters. 10 Symmetrical in flank. the kine come after. with my prayer I banish. both spotted mares are now thy fellows. as grateful to the Gods. Thy horns are spread abroad in all directions: they move with restless beat in wildernesses. Swift Charger. the ropes wherewith the Charger's feet were fastened. eager to win thee food at the Cow's station. WHAT time. Both Bays. Thou art divided thoroughly from Soma. Such of his limbs as I divide in order. thou swallowest the plants most greedy eater. the slayer's hatchet pierces. like swans in lengthened order. Limbs of the deer hadst thou. O Charger. let not the hatchet linger in thy body. proceeding from the sea or upper waters. wealth in good kine.-all these attend the Charger. 11 A body formed for flight hast thou. carving-boards. To me thou seernest Varuna . 14 The starting-place. the vessels out of which the broth is sprinkled. 19 Of Tvastar's Charger there is one dissector. The water that he drank. here thou diest not.-a Bird that from below flew through the heaven. come the car. The warming-pots.

11 Formed with twelve spokes. O Agni. 10 Bearing three Mothers and three Fathers. seven in tale. to what place hath she departed? Where calves she? Not amid this herd of cattle. There on the pitch of heaven they speak together in speech all-knowing but not all-impelling. unwasting. 12 They call him in the farther half of heaven the Sire five-footed. Their good gifts sought of men are ranged in order due. heavy-laden. at first. seen how the boneless One supports the bony? Where is the blood of earth. those who know. Herein established. is not heated: the nave from ancient time remains unbroken. may here declare it? Whence hath the Godlike spirit had its rising? <88> . rolls round the heaven this wheel of during Order. wealthy in watery store. their own seven threads have woven. God with far-seeing eyes. most welcome: then he declares good gifts to him who offers. bearing her calf at foot the Cow hath risen. 4 Who hath beheld him as he sprang to being. 9 Yoked was the Mother to the boon Cow's car-pole: in the dank rows of cloud the Infant rested. yoked to the far-stretching car-pole. What was that ONE who in the Unborn's image hath stablished and fixed firm these worlds' six regions. Here I behold the Chief with seven male children. 18 Who. above this lower. and various in their form move for the Lord who guides. is mounted on the lower seven-wheeled. with its felly: ten draw it. 7 Let him who knoweth presently declare it . 8 The Mother gave the Sire his share of Order: with thought. 13 The Steed is come unto the noblest mansion. These others say that he. pondering with a mind directed God-ward. the coy Dame. the spirit? Who may approach the man who knows. with eld grey-coloured. with their foot have drunk the water. sound and undecaying. Then the Calf lowed. the Cow who wears all shapes in three directions. The goat who is his kin is led before him the sages and the singers follow after. Seven Sisters utter songs of praise together. [01-164] HYMN CLXIV. The third is he whose back with oil is sprinkled. Visvedevas. seven hundred Sons and twenty stand. bearing seven names the single Courser draws it. 14 The wheel revolves. Three-naved the wheel is. this lovely Bird's securely founded station. is come unto his Father and his Mother. the brother midmost of the three is lightning. of twelve forms. Its axle. unweakened. as one all ignorant for sake of knowledge. in spirit undiscerning. unknowing. by length of time. Showing himself a sage. the six twin pairs are called Rsis. who draw them onward. the life. to ask it? 5 Unripe in mind. Witherward. the sages. 15 Of the co-born they call the seventh single-born. wearing his vesture. OF this benignant Priest. that the father of this Calf discerneth beneath the upper realm. and looked upon the Mother. sixspoked car. joined in pairs together. I ask of these the Gods' established places. to form a web.12 The strong Steed hath come forward to the slaughter. 17 Beneath the upper realm. though truly females: he who hath eyes sees this. single he stood erect: they never make him weary. 13 Upon this five-spoked wheel revolving ever all living creatures rest and are dependent. whereon are resting all these worlds of being. The Sun's eye moves encompassed by the region: on him dependent rest all living creatures. This day shall he approach the Gods. 6 I ask. and. The son who is a sage hath comprehended: who knows this rightly is his father's father. above the lower. the blind discerns not. in whom the names of the seven Cows are treasured. 1. 3 The seven who on the seven-wheeled car are mounted have horses. she wedded him in spirit. Forth from his head the Cows draw milk. 16 They told me these were males. was filled with dew prolific: with adoration men approached to praise her. She. Children of Gods. 2 Seven to the one-wheeled chariot yoke the Courser. For up above the yearling Calf the sages.

this Brahman highest heaven where Speech abideth. May this cow yield her milk for both the Asvins. to form it. and may she prosper to our high advantage. tree whereon the fine Birds eat the sweetness. knit with bonds of friendship. His mouth she fondly calls to her warm udder.they who know this have won themselves immortal life. And what so ye have made. hath entered into me the simple. Gavatri hath. 39 Upon what syllable of holy praise-song. 1ask thee of the Stallion's seed prolific. hath sunk into destruction. the brother of the mortal. The Stallion's seed prolific is the Soma. When the first-born of holy Law approached me. approaching by his pathways and departing. source of much life. 24 With Gayatri he measures out the praise-song. and with the syllable they form seven metres. and suckles him with milk while gently lowing. him who never stumbles. 26 I invocate the milch-cow good for milking so that the milker. 25 With Jagati the flood in heaven he stablished. I ask of highest heaven where Speech abideth. forward goes he. The caldron is made hot. as twere their highest heaven. clothed with gathered and diffusive splendour.Upon its top they say the fig is luscious none gaineth it who knoweth not the Father. wise. He. Living. Indra and Soma. 36 Seven germs unripened yet are heaven's prolific. She with her shrilling cries hath humbled mortal man. grasped by strength inherent. this sacrifice of ours is the world's centre. and the sacred synods. where they all rest and procreate their offspring. deft of hand. Endued with wisdom through intelligence and thought.19 Those that come hitherward they call departing. The triplet witli the two or four-foot measure. seed: their functions they maintain by Visnu's ordinance. those that depart they call directed hither. how from the Tristup they fashioned the Tristup forth. <89> . 31 I saw the Herdsman. 21 Where those fine Birds hymn ceaselessly their portion of life eternal.. He. the Immortal born the brother of the mortal Ceaseless they movelnopposite directions: men mark the one. triplet with the Tristup. 22 The. may drain her. 38 Back. in the same sheltering tree have found a refuge. what will he do with praise-song? But they who know it well sit here assembled. within the worlds continually travels. 27 She. There is the Universe's mighty Keeper. One of the twain eats the sweet Fig-tree's fruitage. my begetter: kinship is here. I ask thee. and saw the Sun in the Rathantara Saman. by offerings to the Dead he moveth Immortal One. 33 Dyaus is my Father. fettered in my mind I wander. Sama with praise-song. yet enveloped in his Mother's bosom. where is the centre of the world. who. the other eating not regardeth only. she licks his forehead. Between the wide-spread world-halves is the birthb-place: the Father laid the Daughter's germ within it. steeds bear as 'twere yoked to the region's car-pole. 341ask thee of the earth's extremest limit. 30 That which hath breath and speed and life and motion lies firmly stablished in the midst of houses. lady of all treasure. they compass us about present on every side.Who knows not this. and fail to mark the other. the Gods repose them. 35 This altar is the earth's extremest limit. as she lows. 28 The cow hath lowed after her blinking youngling. I will proclaim it. 37 What thing I truly am I know not clearly: mysterious. turned to lightning. is come hither yearning in spirit for her calf and lowing. 20 Two Birds with fair wings. hath stripped off her covering robe. they say. and. 29 He also snorts. then of this speech I first obtain a portion. the Gayatri was based. three brands for kindling: hence it excels in majesty and vigour. 23 How on the Gayatri. by whom encompassed round the Cow laws as she clings unto the shedder of the rain. 32 He who hath made him cloth not comprehend him: from him who saw him surely is he hidden. How on the Jagati was based the Jagati. This great earth is my kin and Mother. May Savitar give goodliest stimulation.

their lauds are longing for me. 46 They call him Indra. hast learnt and understood our Godlike nature. the Youthful Ones. Him who delighteth us with rain in season. men speak only the fourth division. One with his powers the universe regardeth: Of one. which in nowise can be loosened.40 Forunate mayst thou be with goodly pasture. 52 The Bird Celestial. O mightiest Indra. sweet are libations. Indra. this water mounts and fails again. the sweep is seen. thou Hero. 50 By means of sacrifice the Gods accomplished their sacrifice: these were the earliest ordinances. WITH what bright beauty are the Maruts jointly invested. sages give many a title they call it Agni. Strength stirs. finder. the germ of waters. 4 Mine are devotions. much hast thou achieved with us for comrades. Again descend they from the seat of Order. Agni. 45 Speech hath been measured out in four divisions. These my Bay Steeds bear me to these oblations. Lord of Bay Steeds. with manly valour like thine own. accepted? Who to his sacrifice hath turned the Maruts? We will delay them on their journey sweeping-with what high spirit!-through the air like eagles. 47 Dark the descent: the birds are golden-coloured. and all the earth is moistened with their fatness. one-footed or two-footed or fourfooted. hymns. say what thou hast against us. now we harness. of speech. and hurled forth is my bolt of thunder. 7 Yea. 44 Three with long tresses show in ordered season. she. Who hath become eight-footed or hath got nine feet. and he is heavenly nobly-winged Garutman. To what is One. are dwelling. O Indra. These were the customs in the days aforetime. 5 Therefore together with our strong companions. Mitra. Varuna. Feed on the grass. [01-165] HYMN CLXV. The tempest-clouds give life to earth. One of them sheareth when the year is ended. These Mighty Ones attained the height of heaven. and the wheel is single. that we may drain it. having waxed mighty in mine indignation. who dwell together? From what place have they come? With what intention? Sing they their strength through love of wealth. 1. at every season. They call for me. with our great power. Lord of the Brave? What is thy purpose? Thou greetest us when meeting us the Bright Ones. treasure. Maruts. and may we also be exceeding wealthy. 42 From her descend in streams the seas of water. <90> . 51 Uniform. 48 Twelve are the fellies. the Brahmans who have understanding know them. Matarisvan. we Maruts. vast with noble pinion. 41 Forming the water-floods. O Cow. the thou sand-syllabled in the sublimest heaven. I with the thunder in my hand created for man these lucid softly flowing waters. there where the Sadhyas. these Heroes? 2 Whose prayers have they. 6 Where was that nature then of yours. thereby the world's four regions have their being. three are the naves. Wealth-giver. wherewith thou feedest all things that are choicest. Sarasvati.-bring that. 8 Vrtra I slew by mine own strength. and fires re-animate the heaven. the lovely germ of plants. I bent away from every foeman's weapons. What man hath understood it? Therein are set together spokes three hundred and sixty. spring of pleasure. thou who art mighty. Gods of old. Indra. but his figure. Three kept in close concealment cause no motion. up to the heaven they fly robed in the waters. 43 I saw from far away the smoke of fuel with spires that rose on high o'er that beneath it. that ye charged me alone to slay the Dragon? For I in truth am fierce and strong and mighty. Much may we too achieve. Our spotted deer with might. and coming hitherward drink limpid water. 3 Whence comest thou alone. having adorned our bodies. with the passing days. Yama. Thence flows the imperishable flood and thence the universe hath life. The Mighty Men have dressed the spotted bullock. free bestower. O Maruts. O Maruts. when we will it. peers in age. 49 That breast of thine exhaustless. for thou. Sarasvan I invoke that he may help us. the buffalo hath lowed.

all dwellings are afraid. With fire upon your way. have given plenteous wealth. gold chains are on your chests. free from ill-will. Do what thou hast to do. their primeval might. in gay splendour. daring in my spirit. at sacrifices glorified. O Maruts. Where'er your lightning bites armed with its gory teeth it crunches up the cattle like a well-aimed dart. of these my holy rites he ye regardful. Indra. O Maruts I. 6 Terrible Maruts. <91> . in your cars are all things that are good: great powers are set as 'twere in rivalry therein. May we find strengthening food in full abundance! [01-166] HYMN CLXVI. as aids the poet him who worships. Mighty Ones. 15 May this your praise. am the Lord of what I ruined. for Indra. yourselves. 1. champion strong in battle. may accomplish. with battle. exceeding mighty? 10 Mine only be transcendent power. O Maghavan. ye have delighted me. aid the shrubs fly before you swift as whirling wheels. 14 To this hath Minya's wisdom brought us. For him. they send forth their sheen to meet me. the Mighty ones who roar. All creatures of the earth. 11 Now. O Maruts. The Rudras come with succour to the worshipper. O ye Maruts. for brilliant is your coming with your spears advanced. Heroes! For me. guard ye well the man whom ye have loved from ruin and from sin. 5 When they in dazzling rush have made the mountains roar. preserve from calumny by cherishing his seed. 3 To whomsoever. 2 Bringing the pleasant mcath as 'twere their own dear son. whatever I. and glistering ornaments. so now delight me. 8 With castles hundredfold. ye with ne'er-diminished host. wearing their blameless glory and their vigour. Matuts. Mandarya. truly.9 Nothing. 10 Held in your manly arms are many goodly things. bringer of oblations. like loving friends. so as to aid. O ye lovers. Maruts. When I have seen you. 13 Who here hath magnified you. among the Gods not one is found thine equal. ye Maruts! These prayers for you the singer hath recited. assisting their devotions. Bring offspring for ourselves with food to feed us. and shaken heaven's high back in their heroic strength. O ye Maruts? speed forward. they immortal guardians. with grcat benevolence fulfil our heart's desire. Ye Radiant Ones. for me. 12 Here. sung by the poet. O Maruts loud of voice. pervading. passing strong. they sport in sportive wise gay at their gatherings. as lovers for a lover. for the vigorous company the herald of the Strong One. to your lovers. the glorious hymn which ye have made me. None born or springing into life comes nigh thee. 7 Givers of during gifts whose bounties never fail. 11 Mighty in mightiness. Bring hither quick! On to the sage. your coursers have sped forth directed by themselves.The man whom ye the fierce. the Maruts bringing bliss bedew the regions round with milk abundantly. 9 O Maruts. may this your song. Mana's son. They sing their song aloud that they may drink sweet juice: well do they know the Hero's first heroic deeds. hath your praise rejoiced me. 4 Ye who with mighty powers have stirred the regions up. Each sovran of the forest fears as ye drive near. Now let us publish. achieve your deeds of strength. self-strong they fail not him who offers sacrifice. visible from afar as 'twere with stars of heaven. stands firm before thee. Rings are upon your shoulders when ye journey forth: your axle turns together both the chariot wheels. Deer-skins are on their shoulders. For I am known as terrible. on their fellies knives: they spread their glory out as birds spread out their wings.

Mana's son. O Maruts. discovers worthless sinners Firm things are overthrown that ne'er were shaken: he prospers. imbibed within the heart. How. Having vouchsafed to man a hearing through this prayer. self-born. Wealth of a thousand sorts hast thou to cheer us: may precious goods come nigh to us in thousands. dwell there in friendly wise. may this your song. they spring to life the shakers-down of food and light. O ye Maruts. like a man's wife. O Maruts. Maruts. with protection. like bullocks and like kine. far as the sway of Adid your bounty spreads. as it were. 1. 10 May we this day be dearest friends of Indra. Mandarya. like a spear carried rearward. Well grasped. 7 I will declare the greatness of these Maruts. 3 They who.Lovely with pleasant tongues. And that our men may spread in the encampment. ye were oft in olden time regardful of our call. 2 Surrounding. Maruts. travels to women happy in their fortune. she like Surya with cloud-like motion and refulgent aspect. the Maruts. Even Indra by desertion never disannuls the boon bestowed by you upon the pious man. 8 Mitra and Varuna they guard from censure: Aryaman too. Upon their shoulders rests as 'twere a warrior's spear and in their hand they hold a dagger and a ring. sung by the poet. They in courageous might still waxing boldly have compassed round their foemen like an ocean. 6 Upon their car the young men set the Maiden wedded to glory. Mana's son. mighty in assemblies. 3 Close to them clings one moving in seclusion. <92> . Indra. strong-minded. like to a courtly. Lord of Bays. O Indra: a thousand. SWIFT gain is his who hath you near at every rite: ye welcome every song of himwho serves the Gods. 15 May this your laud. the Soma-pourer sang his hymn in worship. shout forth all around. let me complete the rite with these oblations. we may long time flourish through your abundant riches. [01-167] HYMN CLXVII. sung by the poet. 13 This is your kinship. thy choice refreshments. hath ever reached the limit of your vigour. with oblation. rose. Maruts. with them. The fierce Gods drave not Rodasi before them. So were we erst. their real greatness. 5 When chose immortal Rodasi to follow. self-powerful. may this your song. Maruts. she though firm. joined with Indra. Like as the countess undulations of the floods. who gives choice oblations.she with loose tresses and heroic spiritShe climbed her servant's chariot. 9 None of us. 1. haughty. When your song. decked with gold there is Vak also. with best boons brought from lofty heaven. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. that. food to feed us. like Somas with their well-grown stalks pressed out. but wished for her to grow their friend and fellow. 12 This is your majesty. never-weary Maruts cling to the young Maid as a joint possession. Bring offspring for ourselves with. Immortals. [01-168] HYMN CLXVIII. worthy of praise when near. Maruts. New might attend us daily! So be with us! Rbhuksan of the Heroes! 11 May this your laud. Maruts. Bring offspring for ourselves with food to feed us. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. Now when their team of the most noble horses speeds even on the sea's extremest limit. O swift movers. approach us. 2 May the most sapient Maruts. A THOUSAND are thy helps for us. sweet singers with their mouths. near or at a distance. and. ye Maruts nobly born. eloquent dame. among them. 4 Far off the brilliant. 14 That. worthy to be lauded. and let us call on him in fight to-morrow. Mandarya. by wondrous deeds the Heroes have displayed their might. So may I turn you hither with fair hymns of praise to give great succour for the weal of both the worlds. bright.

to fight the mighty battle. 9 Prani brought forth. Unstained by dust the Maruts. 1. with fruit mature. are most bounteous riches that further every one who lives uprightly. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. Indra. wouldst thou take our lives? Agree with them in friendly wise. is this mighty region's farthest bound. Indra. where. yea. have cast down e'en firm things. as with the tongue his jaws? Ye rush from heaven's floor as though ye sought for food. Now may these Maruts show us loving-kindness. armed with their shining spears. dazzling. then. glittering. Auspicious is your gift like a free giver's meed. mighty in their strength. moveth you by himself. Maruts. Why. O Maruts. sung by the poet Mana's son. The lightnings laugh upon the earth beneath them. and swiftly moving. As. for they are thy dearest. O Indra: exert thee in the great terrestrial region. on many errands like the Sun's diurnal Steed. is the lowest depth that ye have reached. 2 The various doings of all mortal people by thee are ordered. Indra with Maruts. from great treason thou protectest. When ye cast down like chaff the firmly stablished pile. thou who art our friend? We know the nature of thy mind. <93> . God. Controller of the Maruts grant us their blessings. Gods who of old were ever prompt to help us. 6 Bring forth the Men who rain down boons. O Indra. from great treachery these who approach us. Indra. and lost is then the hope we formed. Who with their rush o'erthrow as 'twere a sinner the mortal who would fight with those who love him 8 Give to the Manas. E'en Agni shines resplendent in the brush-wood: the viands hold him as floods hold an island. [01-170] HYMN CLXX. with heavenly light. and from the mountain send the glittering water-flood? 7 Your winning is with strength. 4 Vouchsafe us now that opulence. gifts of cattle foremost. and do not slay us in the fight. victorious. fall of plenteousness. Thou. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. 8 The rivers roar before your chariot fellies when they are uttering the voice of rain-clouds. and then looked round them for the food that strengthens. brother. So. marking well. 10 May this your laud. urge yourselve's to speed. 2 The Maruts are thy brothers. Indra. Bring offspring for ourselves with food to feed us. Verity thou wilt give us naught. For their broad-chested speckled deer are standing like a King's armies on the field of battle. O Indra. Nurtured together they begat the monster. 5 Who among you. 1. as guerdon won by mightiest donation. Maruts. O Indra. The host of Marutg goeth forth exulting to win the light-bestowing spoil of battle. With your own lash. May hymns that please thee cause the breast of Vayu to swell as with the mead's refreshing sweetness. 3 Agastya. the glittering army of the restless Maruts. as of immortal Gods. 6 Say where. O Maruts armed with lightning-spears. O Indra: the Maruts set their whole dread power in motion. 5 With thee. what time the Maruts scatter forth their fatness. 3 That spear of thine sat firm for us. Immortals. [01-169] HYMN CLXIX. gifts universal.4 Self-yoked they have descended lightly from the sky. Who comprehends the mystery? We must address ourselves unto another's thought. Mandarya. to-morrow naught. in thy wisdom. art praised with Gods who must be lauded. NAUGHT is to-day. may this your song O Maruts. spreading far. 7 Heard is the roar of the advancing Maruts. terrific. why dost thou neglect us.

Oblations meant for you had been made ready. lauded. Come ye to us. and. ye Bounteous Ones.. Hero. Maruts. who roamest in the van. Maruts. 9 So may we in this One be well befriended. shall show us favour. <94> . for ye are they who make our prayer effective. victorious and bestowing. rejoicing in your spirit. Indra. O Maruts. 6 Him who surpasses heroes in his greatness: the earth and heavens suffice not for his girdles. in the Chieftain. O Maruts. God-like. Far from us be the stone ye hurl. art thy friends' best supporter.4 Let them prepare the altar. accept them. 4 I fled in terrror from this mighty Indra. To you I come with this mine adoration. 4 To him we offer welcomest oblations. the car-borne Warrior. Suppress your anger and unyoke your horses. Maghavan the Hero. [01-171] HYMN CLXXI. who kills enclosing darkness. Maghavan. these have we set aside: for this forgive us. and with him bring the earth's autumnal fruitage. 3 The Maruts. thou Mighty. glory with Maruts. my body trembling in alarm. Indra. and taste oblations in their proper season. ye free givers. O Indra. Lord of friends. 5 By whom the Manas recognize the day-springs. car-borne and swift to move like the Nasatyas. well aided as it were through praise of chieftains. the Strong who givest triumph. Maruts. by whose strength at the dawn of endless mornings. [01-173] HYMN CLXXIII. 2 Maruts. fierce with the fierce. is offered. O Maruts. wears the heaven as 'twere a frontlet. 1. that the Immortal may observe. shall be most propitious. the pious bring their strength-inspiring praises. your impetuous shaft. WONDERFUL let your coming be. Trnskanda's folk. Maruts. and with a hymn I crave the Strong Ones' favour A hymn that truly makes you joyful. and rid thee of thy wrath against the Maruts. 2 Let the Bull sing with Bulls whose toil is worship. 6 Do thou. Lord of Wealth. O Indra. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. for his great actions. who gleam as serpents gleam. wondrous in his might. 3 May the Priest come circling the measured stations. when thy divine Floods come to cheer these people. the holy youth presents twofold oblation. may all our days that are to follow be very pleasant. with a loud roar like some wild beast that hungers. Lift ye us up that we may live. wondrous with help. to you this laud with prayer and worship. formed in the mind and heart. let them kindle fire in front: we two Here will spread sacrifice for thee. Indra endues the earth to be his garment. lovely and triumphant. guardian of the brave in battles. Maruts. unimpeded call to the sacred grass the Gods' assembly. With them. speak thou kindly with the Maruts. let the Steer bellow: let the Voice go between both worlds as herald.-to draw thee hither. Stronger in war than those who fight against him. [01-172] HYMN CLXXII. 1. 5 Praise thou that Indra who is truly mighty. 7 Thee. praised by us. guard the conquering Heroes. 8 Libations in the sea to thee are pleasant. 2 Far be from us. the hosts agree beside the Soma. Praised God! the glad priest brings his heart's devotion. thou. 5 Thou. 3 O Bounteous Givers. the wise. To thee the Cow is sum of all things grateful when with the wish thou seekest men and princes. THE praise-song let him sing forth bursting bird-like: sing we that hymn which like heaven's light expandeth. That the milk-giving cows may. art Master of all treasures. and joy. ye Gods. touch ye not. borne by strong steeds. Let the Horse neigh led near. 1. Give us. May Indra.

to seek. 7 Indra. bear Kutsa. 11 For every sacrifice makes Indra stronger. O Indra. most splendid is thine active power. Like true friends of some city's lord within them held in good rule with sacrifice they help him. when he goes around angry in spirit. O Sage. shall. to hear our praises. thou art supreme in gaining steeds. to comfort. most excellent. winner of the spoil. Maghavan made the three that gleam with moisture. Burn. 9 A Stormer thou hast made the stormy waters flow down. As pleasure at the ford invites the thirsty. for kine. who give not. like a vessel with the flame. O Indra: Lord of Bay Steeds. 6 Thou Indra. [01-174] HYMN CLXXIV. So unto thee I sing this invocation. as one led swift to work. and gavest his foe a prey to youthful Purukutsa. find us hereby advancement. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. Victorious. <95> . Indra. With them guard lion-like wasting active Agni to dwell in our tilled fields and in our homestead. To loose the floods. most gentle-hearted. 2 Indra. mighty. very rich. Conqueror! 4 Empowered by thine own might. Hero. hast slain the vexers of thy friends. 10 Indra. Thou conqueredst. come to thee. his song who pours oblations. Giving us victory over all our rivals. When o'er the flood thou broughtest them. the bard sang forth in inspiration: thou madest earth a covering for the Dasa. Indra1 bringing gain. mayst thou be ours in all occasions. O Indra: protect the men. O Indra. O Mighty One.That Indra still may linger at our worship. immortal conquering in fight. is thine own portion. as 'twere the bowl's enlivening mead. made strong by impulse. thou humbledst tribes that spake with insult by breaking down seven autumn forts. Lord of Bay Steeds. foe-slaying. 3 With whom thou drivest troops whose lords are heroes. our Friend be Indra. 2 Let our strong drink. Maghavan. as water to the thirsty. 1. For thee the Strong there is strong drink. wielder of the thunder. their refuge. the lawless Dasyu. our saver. thou stolest Sarya's chariot wheel. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. rest in this earthly station. 5 Most mighty is thy rapturous joy. O Indra. So mayst thou lead us on. and bowed the godless scorner's deadly weapon. preserve us. 6 As thou. Blameless! billowy floods. 12 Let us not here contend with Gods. to the ancient singers wast ever joy. to thy praise. for here. him in whom thou joyest: the dark-red horses of the Wind are docile. exhilarating. Indra. and let the Thunderer go to meet the foemen. like the running rivers. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. the victory-giver. art faithful. Thou Lord of Heroes. 10 Like men in rivalry extolling princes. Let the Sun roll his chariot wheel anear us. urgest to speed the car of man. sending bliss. 5 Indra. and bringest daylight now. [01-175] HYMN CLXXV. Thou barest Kutsa with the steeds of Wind to Susna as his death. Wherewith. 13 Addressed to thee is this our praise. omnipotent to win. 3 Thou. The Great. and to his home brought Kuyavac to slay him. as with a stream. as the long way brings him who gains his object. O Indra. yea. 1. They who beheld the Friend beside the living were cast aside by thee as they rode onward. much worshipped Indra. Thou stirredst. boundest many tribes for ever. O Asura. GLAD thee: thy glory hath been quaffed. O Hero. thou keptest Turvaga and Yadu safely. his Bays he mounted boldly seized the booty. THOU art the King of all the Gods. whose Friends the bounteous Maruts honour. Lord of Bays. O Indra. 8 These thine old deeds new bards have sung. the battle. 4 They through the greatness of thy spear. O God. protector of the men. Like castles thou hast crushed the godless races.

and findest not a foeman nigh. Lopamudra taurum (maritum suum) ad se detrahit: insipiens illa sapientem anhelantem absorbet. poured. Indra. CHEER thee with draughts to win us bliss: Soma. 3 Non inutilis est labor cui Dii favent: nos omnes aemulos et aemulas vincamus. Indra. utrum hinc utrum illinc ab aliqua parte nata sit. Let husbands still come near unto their spouses. King of the Races. To pardon any sins we have committed. Sakra. O Indra. may we subdue our foes who count them mighty. Thou stormest trembling in thy rage. come thou highly lauded to the devotions of the singer Mana. Bestow on us what wealth he hath: this even the worshipper awaits. The ever-strengthening song of him who worships is sung in fight amid the clash of voices. called of many. For whom the sacred food is spread. O Maghavan. pierce Indra in thy strength. O Indra.come. Mark thou the man who injures us and kill him like the heavenly bolt. Rati. thou helpest the mighty in the fray. 4 Slay everyone who pours no gift. that which hath been imbibed within the spirit. Bull of human races. through age-inducing dawnings. To him have run the quickly flowing waters. may we find early through thy succour. here the victim. Verily mortal man is full of longings. 1. May we find strengthenifig food in full abundance. Will bring his car nigh to the man who offers. Indra. we call thee. So unto thee I sing this invocation. thy. with the men. at night and morn. 2 Let not the Sovran Indra disappoint us in what shall bring both Sisters to our dwelling. through love of gloryconsumes the sacred food which friends have offered.Indra. [01-177] HYMN CLXXVII. IF. <96> . praised. to the ancient singers wast ever joy. Indra. 5 Thou helpest him the doubly strong whose hymns were sung unceasingly. Indra.May Indra come to us with life and friendship.-They have decided.May we find strengthening food in full abundance. Be our protector. 2 Make our songs penetrate to him who is the Only One of men. Indra. yoked by prayer. 2 For even the men aforetime. 1 'Through many autumns have I toiled and laboured. Hero in battles. 4 Yea.are the prayers. 4 Cupido me cepit illius tauri (viri) qui me despicit. may we find strengthening food in full abundance.Ascend thou these. hard to reach. 3 Within whose hands deposited all the Five Peoples' treasures rest. who hearsthe singer's supplication. 5Aided by thee. thou hast given that gracious hearing where with thou helpest those who sang thy praises. Come down to us-ward. Old age impairs the beauty of our bodies. having harnessed them. 5 Come to us. 1. 1. O Soma. Singing. delights thee not.[01-176] HYMN CLXXVI. 3 Victorious with the men. Fame-loving. When Indra fought. Indra. who cherishes all people. [01-178] HYMN CLXXVIII. Coursers to thy mighty chariot harnessed. hither to me with succour turn having yoked both vigorous Bay Horses! 2 Thy mighty Stallions. who. 4 Here is God-reaching sacrifice. like water to the thirsty. Strewn is thesacred grass: come hither. Indra. THE Bull of men. here. O Indra. 3 Ascend thy mighty car: the mighty Soma is poured for thee and sweets are sprinkled round us. Blast not the wish that would exalt us may I gain all from thee. 5 This Soma I address that is most near us. with strong Bay Horses. seatthee and drink: unyoke thy two Bay Coursers. law-fulfillers. and borne by them come hither: with Soma juice out. but have not accomplished: so now let wives come near unto their husbands. [01-179] HYMN CLXXIX. if he himself upholds the songs that praise him. and pay all man's devotions. strengthen and increase us. here is the Soma. as the steer ploughs the barley in. Indra. who with the Gods declared eternal statutes. Superemus in hac centum artium pugna in qua duas partes convenientes utrinque commovemus. 6 As thou.

Rursus illud quod in juvenem filiam sublatum fuerat. your celestial coursers. famous among mortal heroes. is born. the upholder (of the rite). gains strength for increase. 7 For verily we truthful singers praise you the niggard trafficker is here excluded. mas ille retraxit. meath-drinkers! to support and strengthen. 4 Ye made the fierce heat to be full of sweetness for Atri at his wish. 5 Like Tugra's ancient son may I. O Asvins. 6 When. wishing for children. ye Mighty. like a pious man. Nasatyas! gain our share of riches. in the raw cow the first milk of the milch-cow. ye who protect mankind and give them treasures. ye send. the giver of fuel. 8 You of a truth day after day. [01-181] HYMN CLXXXI. the other counts as Heaven's auspicious offspring. with signs that mark them. all praised. by your own natures. legum sacrarum custodem. with fair backs. presents to you whose form is perfect. broad-seated. Which the bright offerer. according to your wish approach our dwellings. golden-coloured. 3 Your car is like a torrent rushing downward: may it come nigh. Asvins they with roars shall stir the regions. and Waters: decayed for you is sorrow's net. Heroes: your car-wheels speed to us like springs of honey. Quasi dextro pede claudus processit. O Asvins. they both have sung together. ye Holy. Bounteous Ones. the Friend of man.' [01-180] HYMN CLXXX. may we. non aggressurus. ye Mighty.6 Agastya thus. quod vrotentum fuerat. down-gliding. cum ea congressus suum semen supra wrrarn effudit. like streaming water. 9 'The fire. Rapid as thought. "inutiles fuerunt illi mei complexus. Heaven. does not approach quickly (by day): the naked (Rakasas approach) not Agni by night. the Victor. for whom we long. 1. Tum Dii benigni precem (brahma) progenuerunt. 4 Here sprung to life. and with the Gods obtained his prayer's fulfilment. overcoming enemies by his might. thought-swift.Car holy. et Vastoshpatim. tunc discedens pusillaximis huc profectus est. semiperfecto opere. progeny and power. that he might win the very plenteous torrent. is this in strength and riches that ye as Priests are bring from the waters? This sacrifice is your glorification. toiling with strong endeavour. that your new chariot. Your greatness compasseth Earth. which ye. LIGHTLY your coursers travel through the regions when round thesea of air your car is flying. One of you Prince of Sacrifice. burning the people.both classes. swift as the tempest. that ever would be foremost. most holy. full of vigour. rain-drinkers. formaverunt. ambo discedentes seminis paulum in terrae superficiem sacrorum sede effusum emiserunt. The prayer is that the Sister may convey you. And give good horses to sacrificers. Now. with bodies free from stain. ye drive your yoked team downward. 7 Quum pater suam nilam adiverat. understanding. amorem in puellam pater impleverat. Cherished . Asvins 1." ita locutus. Swift as the wind let the prince please and feast you: he. O Asvins. resplendent in their native light. 2 May your pure steeds. Asvins. matured within her. for our welfare. Men shall feed full the bay steeds of the other. 6 Quum jam in medio connessu. 3 Ye have deposited. <97> . for our own well-being. bring you hither. Fire-offering thence is yours. roused with a thousand lauds like sounds of music. he. 5 May your car-seat. ad se retrahit. guard the man whose God is near him. and. shining like a serpent mid trees. WHAT. O Asvins.a sage of mighty strength . strong. 8 Ille tauro similis spumam in certamine jactavit. 9 When with the glory of your car ye travel. 10 With songs of praise we call to-day. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. and the giver of food. bring you to give your gifts with milk-oblations. 5 Membrum suum virile. 2 Ye as ye travel overtake the Courser who flies apart. Agastya. That circles heaven with never-injured fellies. dearest Pair. even now do ye O blameless Advins. have mounted. when we go speeding like the priest of mortals. Your golden fellies scatter drops of moisture: drinking the sweetness ye atend the Mornings.

5 Gotama. [01-183] HYMN CLXXXIII. give the suppliant protection moving or resting hear mine invocation. O Nasatyas. May this song. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. wait on Dawn Heaven's Daughter. honouring men as 'twere with milk's outpouring. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. 7 Your constant song hath been sent forth.6 Forth comes your strong Bull like a cloud of autumn. Disposers! that flows threefold in mighty strength. Make wealthy every word of him who praises you: accept with favour. of which some winged creature may take hold. Asvins. 3 What make ye there. mount it. Appear promptly. Here is the chariot drawn by strong steeds: be ye glad. [01-182] HYMN CLXXXII. 8 This song of bright contents for you is swelling in the men's hall where three-fold grass is. full of pleasant juices. ye. save the son of Tugra. both Nasatyas. When. singing with devotion. Let them feed with the other's ways and vigour: the upper streams have come and do us service. mighty. O Asvins. as ye travel. full of wisdom. most w6nderful in deed. he invokes you. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. Atri bringing oblations all invoke you for protection. Asvins. bore him off safely to your renown. most Marut-like. 1. approaching the worshipper who turns him to his duties. ye. ye Mighty.Whereon ye come unto the house to quicken man and his offspring. 4 Let not the wolf. From this our gathering where we offer Soma. that hath three wheels and triple seat. succourers of Vispala. for food. ye Mighty: yours are these vessels. ye Mighty Ones. ye Nasatyas. O Asvins this ye understand. 2 Longed for. ye Mighty? Wherefore linger ye with folk who. are held in high esteem? Pass over them. Asvins! praises you as he praises Dawn and Agni. ye prudent Ones. what time. MAKE ready that which passes thought in swiftness. 1. 3 Ascend your lightly rolling car. O Nasatyas. sending abundant food of liquid sweetness. every side the dogs who bark at us: slay ye our foes. here are Heaven's Sons whose sway blesses the pious man. THIS was the task.ready. ye Mvins. Heroes. Whereon with God-devoted mind ye brought him forth. wondrous fair. come to him who offers gifts. longed for. Your strong rain-cloud. most Indra-like. <98> . Here stands your share. 2 Light rolls your easy chariot faring earthward. Like one who goes strai ht to the point directed. O Asvins. Asvins. Him who was cast down headlong in the waters. and fled with easy flight from out the mighty surge. nor pass me by or others. Bring your full chariot hither heaped with liquid sweet: thereon. Purumilha. 8 Welcome to you be this the hymn of praises uttered by Manas. to mine invocation. like Pusan. Thus lauded. hath swollen. this my laud. 6 We have passed o'er the limit of this darkness: our praise hath been bestowed on you. Forsake me not. Heroes. offering not. 9 The prudent worshipper. 6 Four ships most welcome in the midst of ocean. plunged in the thick inevitable darkness. Whereon ye seek the dwelling of the pious. car-borne. Come hitherward by paths which Gods have travelled. urged by the Asvins. 7 What tree was that which stood fixed in surrounding sea to which the son of Tugra supplicating clung? Like twigs. here is your hymn. best charioteers. attend your glory: ye. whereon. 5 Ye made for Tugra's son amid the water-floods that animated ship with wings to fly withal. 4 Crunch up on. Heart-stirring. ye fly like birds with pinions. make ye the niggard's life decay: give light unto the singer eloquent in praise. threefold. let not the she-wolf harm you.

like a cow good to milk. 5 This praise was made. in Agastya. from fearful danger. O Asvins. Heaven and Earth. deathless. 1. whether later? How were they born? Who knoweth it. marking. That he may be our Varuna rich in glory and send food like a prince praised by the godly. Heaven and Earth. Varuna concordant. a widespread offspring having feet and moving. WHETHER of these is elder. sprung from the waters. keep us from reproach and trouble. rejoicing. like ancient times of Varuna the Mighty. 7 Wide. ye who love sweet juices: further the hymn sung by the poet Mana. through praises offered as sacred food. May we. Mitra. 5 Faring together. Father and Mother. 2 With us. Visvedevas. our house's chieftain. LET us invoke you both this day and after the priest is here with lauds when morn is breaking: Nasatyas. Protect us. from fearful danger. with your help preserve us. Twin Sisters lying in their Parents' bosom. Come to our house for us and for our children. for all to hear. 6 We have passed o'er the limit of this darkness: our praise hath been'bestowed on you. Protect us. Father and Mother. LOVED of all men. all our people. at your visit. let yourselves be joyful. protect us. may they attend me with their help and favour. 4 To you I seek with reverence. may gladden. with hope to conquer. 6 Duly I call the two wide seats. from fearful danger. our friend. 8 What sin we have at any time committed against the Gods. Kissing the centre of the world together. 4 May we be close to both the Worlds who suffer no pain. ye as Gods for glory arranged and set in order Surya's bridal. Be near us. meet for worship. beautiful to look on. come to our synod. 10 Endowed with understanding. may we find strengthening food in full abundance. from fearful danger. young. I address you. 3 I call for Aditi's unrivalled bounty. with Day and Night alternate. Parents of Gods. Protect us. though motionless and footless. I address at this our worship. for him who lauds you. reverent. ye Mighty. Preparing on a common day the praise. with your cars my longing. 5 May the great Dragon of the Deep rejoice us: as one who nourishes her young comes Sindhu. to Earth and Heaven. all-sustaining. 9 May both these Friends of man. wherewith. Heaven and Earth. Heaven and Earth. 3 Nasatyas. 1. I have uttered this truth. Come hitherward by paths which Gods have travelled. through-our hymn. ye sages? These of themselves support all things existing: as on a car the Day and Night roll onward. 2 To us may all the Gods come trooped together. O Asvins. who aid with favour. O Earth and Heaven. for him who is more liberal than the godless. [01-186] HYMN CLXXXVI. 11 Be this my prayer fulfilled. 1. Protect us. to win heroic strength. who bless. That all may be promoters of our welfare. with the God's protection. Both mid the Gods. Aryaman. from fearful danger. 2 The Twain uphold. Produce this. Heaven and Earth. Heaven and Earth. [01-185] HYMN CLXXXV. the general Parents. make the nectar. Nearest of Gods be ye with your protection. for you with fair adornment by the Manas. and manifold. ye ever-youthful. wheresoe'er ye be. from fearful danger. The blessed Pair. Your giant steeds move on. Thereof may this our hymn be expiation. song with milk of various hues within this udder. That you too. Enrich the man more liberal than the godless. from fearful danger. Like your own fon upon his parents' bosom. <99> . perfect. Pusans. victorious.[01-184] HYMN CLXXXIV Asvins. O liberal Lords. Heaven and earth. Graciously hear my hymns and invitations. ye Twain Worlds. glad in our stream of Soma slay the niggards. When men are joyful in your glorious actions. Heaven and Earth. the mighty. and with great might preserve our strength from slackness. may Savitar. celestial. be strong with food rejoicing. Who. O Heroes. Night and Morning. 3 Agni I sing. Protect us. ye Bounteous Givers. whose bounds are distant. O Nasatyas. the guest you love most dearly: the Conqueror through our lauds is friendly-minded. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. vast. ye Gods.-these. with meeting limits. 4 Your grace be with us. preserve me. Heaven's Children. Protect us.

As on a fair bright day the arrow flieth o'er all the barren soil their missiles sparkle. one-minded with the princes at his visit. rest here on heaven and earth with hearts in concord. envoy. firm.With whom we will incite the Child of Waters whom vigorous course swift as thought bring hither. 5 The sovran all-imperial Doors. Bear out oblations. ye Holy. wide. 5 These gifts of thine. 8 Whatever morsel we consume from waters or from plants of earth. 6 In thee. he wholesome. 7 If thou be gone unto the splendour of the clouds. armed with mighty weapons. These savours of thy juices work like creatures that have mighty necks. 2 O pleasant Food. Health-bringing. from thee who banquetest with us. O Food. Presenting viands thousandfold. givest countless gifts. destroyers of the foe allies of Mitra. 10 O Vegetable. wax thou fat thereby. 11 This is my reverent thought of you. ye shine forth. Vatapi. Ruler of men. not unkind. thee have we chosen for our own. O Food of meath. [01-187] HYMN CLXXXVII. 2 Child of Thyself the sacrifice is for the righteous blent with meath. to him the most delightful of the Heroes. like winds they have their place in heaven. our sacrificial gifts. Agni. Sage. and Pusan. 10 Incline the Asvins to show grace. Friendly are Visnu. for power and might have they. O Food. [01-188] HYMN CLXXXVIII. Even from thence. Now will I glorify Food that upholds great strength. is set the spirit of great Gods. 1. that yoke swift horses. kindled. O Food. Vata. a dear and guileless friend. as strongest of the Heroes. may it inspire you. 9 What Soma. 3 Come hitherward to us. From thee who banquetest with Gods. 7 Him too our hymns delight. 3 Invoked and worthy of our praise bring Gods whose due is sacrifice: Thou. their own possession. grow thou fat thereby. Adityas. As Gods whose cars have dappled steeds like torrents. 11 O Food. So be our kind protector thou. By whose invigorating power Trita rent Vrtra limb frorn limb. and strengthening: Vatapi. come. auspicious with auspicious help. Under thy flag brave deeds were done he slew the Dragon with thy help. and Rbhuksan so may I bring the Gods to make us happy. O Food most sweet to taste. 8 So may the Maruts. toiling for the Gods and seeking treasure. 6 Moreover Tvastar also shall approach us. April 1.Thought. 4 To seat a thousand Heroes they eastward have strewn the grass with might. grow thou fat thereby. To him our songs shall yield themselves like spouses. 9 They hasten on to happy termination their orders when they are made known by glory. like mother cows who lick their tender youngling. make you dwell among us. from thee as such have we drawn forth with lauds. O Soma. <100> . Praise of Food. WINNER of thousands. prepared for our enjoyment. good. thou shinest a God with Gods to-day. many and manifold. O Food. O Food of meath. Hither shall come the Vrtra-slayer Indra. like cows. Cake of meal. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. Have poured their streams of holy oil. are thine throughout the regions are diffused. 4 These juices which. we enjoy from thee in milky food or barley-brew. Whereon.

both Gods and mortals listen. fair to see. Agni. God. closely looks upon both. comest to men at early morn. 6 Such as thou art. great. make our home again to be a b1ess ing. Be unto us a wide broad ample castle bless. preceder of the Gods. O holy Agni. 8 So hath Brhaspati. O Agni. God who knowest every sacred duty. vast Matarisvan. O Conqueror. thou Conqueror. strong and mighty. most youthful. who count thee as a worthless bullock. Brhaspati-for helaid out the expanses. 2 On him wait songs according to the season even as a stream of pious men set moving. let no danger touch him who praises thee to-day or after. worthy of lauds. as the Sun sends his arms out. 7 He to whom songs of praise go forth like torrents. Not to the fanged that bites. 7 Thou. born after Law. 5 Give not us up a prey to sin. He who gives daily light through this God's wisdom. the verse that offers adoration. where grass is pleasant. prosper on their way our sons and offspring. most ample adoration will we bring thee. These of Brhaspati. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. God. Agni. 1. like a courser. 4 Preserve us. 11 Agni. the greedy enemy that brings us trouble. resplendent. Vanaspati. who must be praised with hymns. while: they would make them bare. thou punishest the spiteful. Agni. live on thee the Bounteous. Remove the sin that makes us stray and wander. 3 The praise. From whosoever would reproach or injure: for thou. BY goodly paths lead us to riches. and inoffensive. at the sacrifice. sweet-tongued and mighty. God. heralds divine and eloquent. the sacrificial draught: Let Agni make the oblations sweet. with perpetual succour. well discerning both these classes. all: Urge ye us on to glorious fame. I. strong as a dread wild beast. to him victorious Agni.let the wise worshipper draw it. 3 Far from us. O Holy. to be adorned. 9 Tvastar the Lord hath made all forms and all the cattle of the field Cause them to multiply for us. 8 To him have we addressed our pious speeches. [01-190] HYMN CXC. not to the toothless: give not us up. Agni. stood closely compassed. and Bharati. with all the Immortal Deities. the waters and the vessel. is honoured with the sacred song: He glows at offerings blest with Hail! [01-189] HYMN CLXXXIX. 1. 10 Send to the Gods.was. 8 You I address. the eager. thyself.On fools like these no blessing thou bestowest: Brhaspati. to the spoiler. <101> . 5 Those. 2 Lead us anew to happiness.GLORIFY thou Brhaspati. Perform for us this sacrifice. 4 His song of praise pervades the earth and heaven . the scatheless. O Agni when lauded give protection to our bodies.6 With gay adornment. wealthy sinners. May he thus lauded give us kine and horses. 7 Let these two Sages first of all. by eager suitors. in glorious beauty shine they forth: Let Night and Morning rest them here. a Friend beloved most early. may he bring forth. Sarasvati. been brought hither. Be thou obedient unto man at evening. Those who unharmed by enemies behold us. Brhaspati. though hard to win. the God exceeding powerful. go to the skies that change their hue like serpents. To whom as leader of the song. as rivers eddying under banks flow sea-wardBrhaspati the wise. like hunters' arrows. and. O Agni. rcscuest from all oppression. put thou all diseases let them strike lauds that have no saving Agni. as keen. refulgent in the dwelling which thou lovest. and Ila. Mana's son. May we find strengthening food in full abundance. 6 Like a fair path is he. lead us beyond all danger and affliction. May we gain countless riches with the sages.

thesereptiles. your Mother Earth. I crush the creature with a stone. Kusara. Soma your Brother. keep still and dwell ye happily. 10 I hang the poison in the Sun. with poison have infected me. It kills them as it drives them off. and evil spirits of the night. She will not die. 4 The cows had settled in their stalls. eastward.[01-191] HYMN CXCI Water. VENOMOUS. Aditi Your Sister: seeing all. nor shall we die: his path is far: he whom Bay Horses bear hath turned thee to sweet meath. 9 There hath the Sun-God mounted up. a wine-skin in a vintner's house. 13 Of ninety rivers and of nine with power to stay the venom's course. Consuming all that are not seen. 8 Slayer of things unseen. 16 Forth issuing from the mountain's side the poison-insect spake and said: The scorpion's venom hath no strength Scorpion. or venomous aquatic worm. it kills the unobserved. departed unto distant lands. Extinguished were the lights of men. like lurking thieves at evening time. 14 So have the peahens three-times-seven. as girls bear water in their jars. who scorches much and everything. unobserved. Seers of all. whatever ye may be. Even the Aditya from the hills. and bruising bruises them to death. 7 Biters of shoulder or of limb.Both creatures. Sun. most venomous. <102> . all-seen. up. They will not die. Munja. 12 The three-times-seven bright sparks of fire have swallowed up the poison's strength. unseen. 15 The poison-insect is so small. and Sairya. 6 Heaven is your Sire. 1. vanish together and be gone. slightly venomous. Unseen. 5 Or these. so have the maiden Sisters Seven Carried thy venom far away. the Sun. Darbha. the beasts of prey had sought their lairs. destroying things unseen. stinging. I turn the poison hence away. mounts. beheld of all. nor shall we die: his path is far: he whom Bay Horses bear hath turned thee to sweet meath. themselves unseen: be therefore very vigilant. hath swallowed all thy poison up. Virana. 3 Sara grass. Where all these creatures dwell unseen. 11 This little bird. with poison have infected me. are observed. Grass.The names of all I have secured: his path is far: he whom Bay Horses bear hath turned thee to sweet meath. He will not die. so very small. when things unseen infected me. 2 Coming. nor shall we die: his path is far: he whom Bay Horses bear hath turned thee to sweet meath. it kills them as it goes away. with needle-stings. thy venom is but weak.

thou art God Savitar. Agni. art thou. Lord and Master in our home. Agni. Thou art the hundred-wintered Ila to give strength. diffused through both the worlds. 2 Thine is the Herald's task and Cleanser's duly timed. the Asura of mighty heaven: thou art the Maruts' host. <103> . Bharati. thou art Visnu of the Mighty Stride. Agni. art strengthened by the song.[02-000] RIG VEDA . granter of precious things.Lead thou both these and us forward to higher bliss. 6 Rudra art thou. the embryo of the plants of earth. the Bright Ones have made thee. Thou. 8 To thee. Agni! Thou art Indra. adorable: Thou. thou art the Lord of food. 16 The princely worshippers who send to those who sing thy praise. surpassest them in majesty. heroes' Lord. Thou art the lofty might that furthers each design: thou art wealth manifold. Aryaman. THOU. 1. to be their tongue. Bright art thou born. O Sage. thou. thou burnest to bestow: pervading sacrifice. art Aditi to him who offers gifts: thou. 13 Thee. O Agni. and liberal Amsa in the synod. near to be adored thou art the Sovran Lord of foodful spoil and wealth. have the Adityas taken as their mouth. Agni. as Tvastar. with thy wisdom tendest us. the people's Lord within the house. 12 Thou. enrich ing all. Lord of the lovely look. O Agni. hundred. all things belong to thee: ten. art highest vital power. Which. Lord of Wealth! Vrtra-slayer and Sarasvati. Brahmanaspati. Wonder-Worker. As Bhaga. Sovran Lord of men art generatad (sic) pure. 4 Agni. thou art King Varuna whose laws stand fast. through the power of good. By thee do mortal men give sweetness to their drink. Thou shinest brightly forth. Agni. 3 Hero of Heroes. thou must be implored. thou the ministering Priest: thou art the Brahman. throughout the earth and heaven. urging thy fleet coursers. O Sustainer. shining in thy glory through the days. and as a trusty Friend thou guardest from attack. to the worshipper: thou wielding Mitra's power hast kinship with the Dames. 7 Giver of wealth art thou to him who honours thee. as Mitra. 14 By thee. yea. cherished well. the folk press forward to their King most graciously inclined. Agni. Leader art thou. Thou art a Son to him who duly worships thee. thou lendest us thine help. 15 With these thou art united. win thee. here spreads abroad from thee. They who love offerings cling to thee at solemn rites: by thee the Gods devour the duly offered food. God. art brought to life from out the waters. Hotri. a thousand are outweighed by thee. O thou God. Thou art Director. givest noble steeds: a host of heroes art thou with great store of wealth. 10 A Rbhu art thou. from the stone: From out the forest trees and herbs that grow on ground. and guardest in his house him who hath served thee well. As Pusan thou thyself protectest worshippers.BOOK THE SECOND [02-001] HYMN I. With brave men in the assembly may we speak aloud. yea thou. God of noble birth. in thy delightful hue are glories visible. all the Immortal guileless Gods cat with thy mouth the oblation that is offered them. to brotherhood with holy act. and Kindler for the pious man. 11 Thou. guerdon graced with kine and steeds. men seek thee as a Father with their prayers. 5 Thou givest strength. 9 Agni. diffused on every side. Lord of men! thou rulest over wealth. the Brahman finding wealth: thou. bright-formed. Thou goest with red winds: bliss hast thou in thine home.

a liberal giver. Wise. be in thy keeping still. Bird of the firmament. bedew the Gods at chiefest time of worship. Ancient One. Whose sacrifice the strong seek. when it shines for never-failing offspring in thine own abode. give us great wealth. Raging with jaws of gold among the growing plants. Like a most famous car.Lead thou both these and us forward to higher bliss. 8 Enkindled night by night at every morning's dawn. With brave men in the assembly may we speak aloud. 7 Agni. Agni. rich in children and their progeny. have they called to thee. Agni. send us riches in thy shine. men throng to him with offerings and with hymns of praise. has swelled unto the deathless Gods in lofty heavenA milch-cow yielding to the singer in the rites wealth manifold. serve the Gods first to-day before the mortal. may he shine forth with red flame like the realm of light. he standeth in the presence of all beings. Ye men do worship to Indra seated on the grass. strength that shall bring renown. Agni. 12 Knower of all that lives. God. 3 Him have the Gods established at the region's base. like Mitra. 1. 2 At night and morning. As messenger of heaven thou lightest all night long the families of men. nobly fed. 11 Such. For our advantage. give riches thousandfold. abundant. like heaven with all the stars. 4 Him have they set in his own dwelling. doer of wondrous deeds. Conqueror! be to us. as is thy right. fair guest of living man and King of all our folk. heaven's Lord. AGNI is set upon the earth well kindled. rich in heroes. brilliantly kindled for our weal. be worthy of our praise. bright in his majesty through threefold heaven. guerdon. 6 Such as thou art. 10 Agni. guard of the place as 'twere. in the realm of air. 1. strewn for wealth' sake. bring Heaven and Earth hither that they may taste oblation brought by man. O Agni. ancient. And over the Five Races let our glory shine high like the realm of light and unsurpassable. eternal. Agni the purely bright. graced with kine and steeds. unclose to us. 5 May he as Priest encompass all the sacrifice. O Agni. Help us to wealth exceeding good and glorious. Make Heaven and Earth propitious through the power of prayer. like milch-kine in their stalls lowing to meet their young. [02-003] HYMN III. Well kindled. Herald of heaven and earth. who labours at the pole where deeds of might are done. may we show forth our valour with the steed or with the power of prayer beyond all other men. even as he wills. the Priest and Purifier. Thou Lord of precious boons. thou for whom princes nobly born exert themselves. 4 O Grass divine. like the Moon waxing. 13 The princely worshippers who send to those who sing thy praise. 2 May Narasamsa lighting up the chambers. O Agni may we both. in hundreds. God. like doors. O Agni. fulgent. observant with his eyes. he quickens earth and sky. Agni. increasing. Steeping the gift with oil diffusing purpose. well laid upon this altar. 9 Song chanted by us men. and like the sky's bright sheen let mornings beam on us. 3 Adored in heart. let Agni serve the Gods for he is worthy. Celestial Priest.- <104> .Agni adored in beauteous rites with lauds of men. worship him 'with oblation and the song of praise. Bring thou the Marut host. singers of praise and chiefs. WITH sacrifice exalt Agni who knows all life. in the vault.[02-002] HYMN II. Apris. looking to Gods and men. to be glorified among the folk.

the web of worship. 4 Sweet is his growth as of one's own possessions. O Agni. 7 Around. far extended. all the work divine. O Agni. and show the offerer in the house his vigour. his hue to those who love him. as Director. through thee. the seven reins. Rich in good heroes and subduing foemen. Agni. In oil he rests: oil is his proper province. Yielders of rich milk. the messenger of Gods with rapid coursers. pure. and waxing old renews his youth for ever. 5 Since they who honour me have praised my greatness. Earner by rites of noble wealth. give us wealth with store of heroes and mighty strength in food and noble offspring. as 'twere. 6 Good work for us. He holds all knowledge in his grasp even as the felly rounds the wheel. ye Adityas. easy to pass. 7 Let the two heavenly Heralds. Against the longing nights may he shine brightly. Leader of sacrifice. like gold in hue. Let them unfold. protect this holy Grass. That vital power give thou to chiefs and singers. 11 Oil has been mixt: oil is his habitation. invoked.-he gave. bear off the oblation duly consecrated. meet. Over all worlds let Agni be the Sovran. the kine of him the Leader wait on him. God among godly people. was he born. through adorations. and full of vigour. 9 May the Grtsamadas. 3 Among the tribes of men the Gods placed Agni as a dear Friend when they would dwell among them. Jatavedas. as Cleanser. he lighteth up the forests. with blackened lines. marked as it were the heaven that smiles through vapour. a guardian for our patrons' help. thrown open. serving in secret. Come as thy wont is: O thou Steer. 2 In whom. that sanctify the class famed. sit all ye Gods. He darts his tongue forth. his look when rushing fain to burn is lovely. 4 Together with pure mental power. 5 Wide be the Doors. expansive. man-like. 3 When swift he follows this behest. and Agni with his arts prepare oblation. 1. our flawless refuge! 9 Born is the pious hero swift of hearing. well formed. in remembrance of thine ancient favour have sung my hymn in this our third assembly. 1. present oblation duly with the sacred verse. as though the earth he seasoned. the Goddesses. 2 Bhrgus who served him in the home of waters set him of old in houses of the living. eighth in place. May Tvastar lengthen our line and kindred. free roaming like an ox without a herdsman. and may they reach the place which Gods inhabit. first. Known is he by his bright delightful splendour. the guest of men. Who furthers. ye Holy. the Sisters who have come to us? <105> . overcome their neighbours. [02-004] HYMN IV Agni. seated. Ila divine. 8 I. Is he not better than the Three.On this bedewed with oil sit ye. Worshipping God at ordered seasons decking them at three high places at the centre of the earth. like water down the chariot ways he roareth. That Strong One may we grasp and guide. like female weavers. rich in oblations Whom all must strive to win even as a lover. among the bushes.Agni refulgent. Let the skilled heavenly Immolator forward unto the Gods the offering thrice anointed. HERALD and teacher was he born. rejoice thee. the glorious Night and Morning. O Vasus. [02-005] HYMN V. consuming the broad earth. burning up the bushes. he wanders. FOR you I call theglorious refulgent Agni. 8 Sarasvati who perfects our devotion. most wise. like a harnessed courser who shakes his flowing tail. waxen from aforetime. 10 Vanaspati shall stand anear and start us. most fair. with power inherent. bird-like he chants the holy prayers. rich in heroes.Three Goddesses. 5 Clothing thern in his hues. everlasting. interweave in concert the long-extended thread. Bharati all surpassing. 6 Like one athirst. Skilled in his own unchanging laws he waxes like the growing boughs. On his black path he shines in burning beauty.

splendid. VASU. Agni. 7 Between both races. as one who strives for strength. the most splendid One. ancient. much-desired. Sage. giver of our wealth! With reverence let us worship thee. 2 Who. Drive those who hate us far away. Decked with imperishable sheen. thou nobly born. duly worship thou the Gods. craving help. may pay worship to all the Holy Ones. have our songs Strengthened according to his sway: All glories hath he made his own. let us obtain. 4 Who shines refulgent like the Sun. give strength which no man may resist: Give food exceeding plentiful. the Sitster (sic) by the Mother stands. Save us from this and enmity. 2 Let no malignity prevail against us. honoured by us with barren cows.Agni. Whose statute is inviolate. Bharata. giver and Lord of precious things. 1. Agni. 5 Such as thou art. with songs. Sage. With this fair hymn. excellent. to thee. And. withers. As 'twere through streaming water-floods. 7 For his support let him perform as ministrant his priestly task. Agni. bedewed with sacred oil. The Priest delights in their approach. With bullocks and with kine in calf 6 Wood-fed. well skilled thou passest to and fro. 5 Him Atri. 3 So through thy favour may we force through all our enemies a way. the Wonderful. 2 With this hymn let us honour thee. seeker of horses. Agni. wealth-lover. accept this flaming brand. the foe: When worshipped fair to look upon. bright. [02-006] HYMN VI. As envoy friendly to mankind. 8 Befriend us thou as knowing all. Son of Strength. 3 As such. 1. 4 Be thou for us a liberal Prince. as corn at coming of the rain. 6 To him who lauds thee. <106> . Most holy Herald! come thou nigh. most youthful envoy! through our song. bring us wealth. Agni. guiding worshippers aright. high shinest forth. Bharata. song of praise and sacrifice: we have bestowed. this waiting with my prayer on thee: Hear graciously these songs of praise. 5 Ours art thou. the harnessing of Agni's car. Purifier Agni. 1. Invoker. Agni. untouched by age. with brilliance and with fiery flame. Excellent. laden with the holy oil. 3 Who for his glory is extolled at eve and morning in our homes. 8 That so this man well skilled. 4 Thou. And seat thee on this sacred grass. lover of song. this our sacrifice which wehave here prepared. Agni.6 When. The liberal. [02-008] HYMN VIII. AGNI. Now praise. give rain from heaven. When worshipped with the sacred oil. [02-007] HYMN VII. either God's or man's. adorable. Yea. thou most youthful God. The Son of Strength.

hath the rain-cloud settled: bellowing. Obtaining wealth. in hymns of praise. 6 By choice victorious. Indra's help. 1. we laud thine exploits later of achievement. he dwells exceeding wise. first. shine. deathless. Agni. must be adorned by all. [02-011] HYMN XI. Refulgent. 5 I pour to him who looks in all directions: may he accept it with a friendly spirit. thy Bay Steeds showing forth their vigour have sent a loud cry out that droppeth fatness. keen of insight. be an ever-heedful keeper. The earth hath spread herself in all her fulness: the cloud that was about to move hath rested. it hath wandered with the Mothers. waxen splendid. never ceasing. bringing thousands. <107> . ACCUSTOMED to the Herald's place. O Indra. of all the Gods. through vital power o'er all expanded. HEAR thou my call. heralds of Surya. in thy lower station. protector from the foeman. with our praises. yea. [02-010] HYMN X. O Hero. And in the night. and. For these presented viands. 6 May he. laying within thine arms the splendid thunderWith us mayst thou. loudly calling. 2 May Agni the resplendent hear my calling through all my songs. our protector from the foemen. increase thy strength like streams of water flowing. kindled by man upon the seat of worship. Agni. Agni. bring the Gods to bless us. 5 Hero. 5 The twofold opulence. splendid. These streams in which is thy delight approach thee. 1. 4 With oil and sacred gifts I sprinkle Agni who makes his home in front of all things living. vast. pay worship with oblation. keen of insight. 3 On wood supine they got the well-formed Infant: a germ in various-fashioned plants was Agni. 4 Agni. benevolent with this fair aspect. Whose foresight keeps the Law from violation. best Priest. be not heedless: thine may we be for thee to give us treasures. Clothed in his glory. we laud thy great deeds wrought aforetime. not compassed round by darkness. conspicuous. like a Father. We laud the bolt that in thine arms lies eager. Agni: make him the lord of wealth with noble offspring. 8 Down. the Famous. Agni. 4 We who add strength to thine own splendid vigour. great enchanter. 6 Indra. 2 Floods great and many. compassed by the Dragon. thou slewest in thy valour Ahi concealed in depths. the Strong. of thee new-born each day never decreases. with thine affluence and splendour. we laud thy two Bay Steeds. I call on perfect Agni who with an eloquent tongue dispenses sweetness. with Soma's. mysterious. him who checked heaven and stayed the floods from flowing. pure-tongued. with rays of splendour. for us and for our seed offspring. O Wonder-Worker. Sure guardian. songs of Rudras. Indra. Hero. even as the brilliant ones draw near to Vayu. with Surya overcome the Dasa races. For thou art Lord of gathered wealth and treasure.AGNI. strong God. 3 For. Dwelling enveloped deep within the waters.6 May we with Agni's. Agni. and conquer those who fight with us. seeking riches. strong with all the food that feeds him. recognize thy portion: with thee for envoy may we speak like Manu. Enrich with food the man who lauds thee. 7 Indra. Strengthened by songs of praise thou rentest piecemeal the Dasa. the Herald hath seated him. Immortal. Broad. O Indra. Agni with bridegroom's grace and lovely colour may not be touched when all his form is fury. excellent. O Indra. Dark steeds or ruddy draw his car. 3 May we adore thee in thy loftiest birthplace. Uninjured dwell together still. The place whence thou issued forth I worship: to thee well kindled have they paid oblations. best sacrificer. thou leadest us to higher blessings. bright. of the bright song of praise thou art inventor. passing mighty. they have spread wide the blast sent forth by Indra. thou badest swell and settest free. [02-009] HYMN IX. Swelling the roar in the far distant limits. in the lauds wherein thou joyedst. him who deemed himself immortal. quickly commend the gift to be presented. 2 Envoy art thou. 1. or carried in sundry ways he makes them red of colour.

and drove the kine forth from the cave of Vala. such by thy help. He. He. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. verily. 17 Upon the great Trikadruka days. having drunk his fill of flowing Soma. with brave men. O Indra. Thou hast disclosed the light to light the Arya: on thy left hand. is Indra. battling. Have faith in him. O men. burnt up the monster. The juice that satisfies hath helped Indra. <108> . chief God of lofty spirit by power and might became the Gods' protector. and aided by the Angirases rent Vala. He who gave being to the Sun and Morning. 5 Of whom. 9 Without whose help our people never conquer. the Dasyus. 12 Singers have we become with thee. 2 He who fixed fast and firm the earth that staggered. Our gain was that to Trta of our party thou gavest up Tvastar's son Visvarupa. is Indra. 18 Hero. 8 To whom two armies cry in close encounter. of priest. Seeking thy help we meditate thy praises: may we at once enjoy thy gift of riches. of suppliant who sings his praises. yield in return a boon to him who lauds thee. He. men. contented. all chariots. Indra. 19 May we gain wealth. drink the Soma. He is not. when he. Who pardons not his boldness who provokes him. is Indra. are they. shall swell thy vigour. the demon lying there. shaking the drops from out thy beard. Loud may we speak. is Indra. the Terrible. Preserver. And those whose minds accord with theirs. both enemies. in battles. O men. is Indra. O Indra. most powerful. who chased away the humbled brood of demons. assume the might wherewith thou clavest Vrtra piecemeal. the riches that we long for. the spoiler in warriors' battle. Indra sent forth his whirling wheel like Surya. O Indra. with stare of noble children. HE who. [02-012] HYMN XII. He. 4 By whom this universe was made to tremble. 10 Loud roared the mighty Hero's bolt of thunder. Indra. Come with Bay Steeds to drink of libation. drink Soma for thy strength and gladness. is Indra. O men. O thou Protector. 3 Who slew the Dragon. He. 20 He cast down Arbuda what time his vigour was strengthened by libations poured by Trta. Who. the stronger and the weaker. fair-faced. sank the Dasyu. the Friend of man. O men. the Danava Aurnavabha. 6 Stirrer to action of the poor and lowly. who slays the Dasyti. Who. O ye men. baffled the guileful Danava's devices. as swell thy vigour while they seek thy favour. Then both the heaven and earth trembled in terror at the strong Hero's thunder when he bellowed. let the joy-giving juices make thee joyful. through the lofty hymns that praise thee. the Vayus. He. He of whom all this world is but the copy. O men. Begat the fire between two stones. and set at rest the agitated mountains. is Indra. for He. is Indra. like a gambler gathering his winnings seized the foe's riches. and cattle. And.9 Indra hath hurled down the magician Vrtra who lay beleaguering the mighty river. He. who shakes things moveless. they invoke to give them succour. O Indra. in the assembly. who by their songs of praise have won the blessing. Who slew the Dragon putting forth his vigour. He sweeps away. thou God. who leads the waters. He. Thou hast exalted us to heaven. They who strew sacred grass to be thy dwelling. O men. ere they knew their danger. Indra. 11 Drink thou. helped by thee have got them strength. they ask. each for himself. rejoicing thee. 21 Now let that wealthy Cow of thine. is Indra. He. 1. just born. Who measured out the air's wide middle region and gave the heaven support. favours him who presses Soma with stones made ready. 7 He under whose supreme control are horses. 14 Give us a friend. He. men. Where is He? or verily they say of him. Give us. 13 May we be thine. filling both thy flanks. freed the Seven Rivers. give us an habitation. is Indra. and the villages. 11 He who discovered in the fortieth autumn Sambara as he dwelt among the mountains. drink the Soma. 15 Let those enjoy in whom thou art delighted. Whom two invoke upon one chariot mounted. 16 Great. They. 10 He who hath smitten. with his hurled weapon many grievous sinners. O Indra. O Hero Indra. is Indra. O Indra: may we serve duly and prepare devotion. all our foes. whom. Hero. the foe's possessions. Before whose breath through greatness of his valour the two worlds trembled. who drink the first libation of the Soma. subduing with thy succour and with the Arya. O men. O men. give us the company of Maruts. like birds.

for sake of food. altering the forms. and in the field the plants that blossom and bear seed. 13 Prepare thyself to grant us that great bounty. gave up their wealth. and this our gift. the Bull. Indra. Thou wast a mighty help. Thou by the worshipper layest thy precious store: thou art sole Lord of all. 3 One priest announces what the institutor gives: one. before his very breath the mountains tremble. 1. worthy of lauds art thou. compassing vast realms. 7 Thou who hast spread abroad the streams by stablished law. to him they gave. is Indra. rent Rauhina in pieces when scaling heaven. and when born therefrom it entered rapidly the floods wherein it grows. Thou for Dabhiti boundest Dasyus not with cords. 12 Thou for Turviti heldest still the flowing floods. O ye men. when. worthy art thou of praise. Thou who didst these things first art worthy of our lauds. such. more than the back can bear. Thee. Is Indra. He. The third corrects the imperfections left by each. thou dealest to us our food: thou milkest from the moist the dry. is thy power. He. 14 Who aids with favour him who pours the Soma and him who brews it. O Hero. the rich in sweets. like wealth to him who comes. performing much even now. thy friends. Meet for our praise art thou. Thou who didst these things first art worthy of our lauds. He. sacrificer. thou belpest thy worshipper. So may we evermore. to him. to slay him that the fiends might be destroyed. 9 Thou boundest up the Dasa's hundred friends and ten. O Indra. that with thy single wisdom thou obtainest wealth. set free the Seven great Floods to flow at pleasure. 5 Thou hast created earth to look upon the sky: thou. is Indra. <109> . and bring him sustenance who gives support to all. [02-013] HYMN XIII. for abundant is thy treasure. zealously plies his task.12 Who with seven guiding reins. The life-support of conquering Jatusthira. the Gods have quickened with their lauds. 15 Thou verily art fierce and true who sendest strength to the man who brews and pours libation. 6 Thou givest increase. Worthy of lauds art thou. settest free the river's paths. at one's hearing. meet for our praise art thou. O ye men.-vast. Greedily with his teeth he eats the master's food. who wields the bolt. even as a steed with waters: meet for praise art thou. and pouring forth of Soma. Broughtest the face unclouded of the strengthening one. Worthy of lauds art thou. 2 They come trooping together bearing milk to him. a five-fold view: thy victories reached afar. O Vasu. a God. Worthy of lauds art thou. The six directions hast thou fixed. slaying Ahi. Thou who didst these things first art worthy of our lauds. 13 Even the Heaven and Earth bow down before him. the Mighty. O ye men. singer. 4 Dealing out food unto their people there they sit. speak loudly to the synod with our heroes. and gavest fame unto the halt and blind. Whom prayer exalts. for all thy deeds. thunder-armed. the river-stream for Vayya easily to pass Didst raise the outcast from the depths. armed with thunder. 8 Who broughtest Narmara with all his wealth. the Strong. Known as the Soma-drinker. Thence was it full of sap. streaming with milky juice: the milk of the plant's stalk is chief and meet for lauds. The way is common for the downward streams to flow. 11 Meet for high praise. 10 All banks of rivers yielded to his manly might. Indra. THE Season was the parent. Thou who hast made the matchless lightnings of the sky. Who.

daily. MINISTERS. 1. Who quelled the valiant men of Atithigva. 10 As the cow's udder teems with milk. to him who struck down Svasna.Snatch up the wonderful. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. daily. for this he willeth. 8 Praised by the Angirases he slaughtered Vala. whatever thing ye long for obtain ye quickly bringing gifts to Indra. Indra. will I declare the exploits. O Indra. in kindled fire he burnt up all their weapons. the blind beheld them. 9 Do ye. offer ye the Soma. men. Kutsa. Earth he upheld. 4 Him who did Urana to death. O Vasu. pour ye forth libation. liberal giver. to Indra bring. ye pious ones. Loud may we speak.-bring to him the Soma. Now. pierced with his bolt the fountains of the rivers. 3 Ye ministers. [02-014] HYMN XIV. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. a draught of this which Indra here deserveth. fill with Soma as a garner is filled with barley full: be this your labour.logeth ever To drink of this the Hero offer it to the Bull. with sleep whelming Cumuri and Dhuni. like a tree. In the Trikadrukas he drank the Soma then in its rapture Indra slew the Dragon. to him who as with thunder demolished Sambara's hundred ancient castles. in wood uplift ye. obey his order: that purified in wood. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. verily. 5 Ye ministers. 11 Him. and carried those who swam not safely over. to Indra. <110> . 7 Knowing the place wherein the maids were hiding. in assembly. so fill with Soma Indra. of him the True and Mighty. the rain-withholding VrtraBring it to him. to him who with the lightning smote. to him who slew a hundred thousand. he ruled and measured. and Ayu. as 'twere a house. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. with heroes. Gather up wondrous wealth. Indra. Well pleased he longs for what your hands have tended: offer the gladdening Soma juice to Indra. 7 Ye ministers. 2 High heaven unsupported in space he stablished: he filled the two worlds and the air's mid-region. He tore away their deftly-built defences. 10 Now let that wealthy Cow of thine. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture.. crushed with his thunderbolt the car of Usas. and did to death Vyamsa and greedy Susna. like Vita in the region: clothe him with Soma even as steeds with trappings. pour forth the gladdening liquor with the beakers. Who cast down Varcin's sons. O ministers. 9 Thou. Rending her slow steeds with his rapid coursers. 12 Prepare thyself to grant us that great booty. 6 Ye ministers. And made them flow at ease by paths far-reaching. and discovered Vala. in assembly. slewest the Dasyu. with heroes. Who cast down headlong Arbuda and slew him. and burst apart the bulwarks of the mountain. the outcast showed himself and stood before them. I know him: I am sure of this. 4 Compassing those who bore away Dabhiti. O Indra. bring the Soma juice for Indra. Offer this draught. There the staff-bearer found the golden treasure. 2 Ye ministers. The cripple stood erect. and cast them down upon earth's bosom. Loud may we speak. Him. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. 6 With mighty power he made the stream flow upward. keptest safe Dabhiti. Adhvaryus! though showing arms ninety-and-nine in number.-to him. Adhvaryus. mighty and true. him who is fain to taste it. They having crossed the stream attained to riches. a hundred thousand. and gave it wide expansion. 8 Ministers. the Soma. for abundant is thy treasure. the Lord of heavenly treasure and all terrestrial wealth that earth possesses. Bring to the Glorious One what bands have cleansed. O Indra . 5 The mighty roaring flood he stayed from flowing. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. Indra 1. ministers. yield in return a boon to him who lauds thee. [02-015] HYMN XV.to him. And Rudhikras and Namuci and Pipru. to Indra. These things did Indra in the Soma's rapture. 3 From front. to him who smote Drhhikas who drove the kine forth.-speed ye that Indra to our offered Soma. And made him rich with kine and cars and horses. the Holy knows that I fain would give to him more largely.

with heroes. come near thee in thy sacred rites. and strong in vital power waxed great above them all. satisfy thyself. and. 6 Fit for the grasping of his arms is what the Sire hath fabricated from all kind of precious wealth. the downward rushing of the waters he ordained. He. strengthened. increased his majesty. unto the Strong who feeds upon the strong. strong and passing wise. 2 Let him be even that God who. Loud may we speak. sing this new song forth to him. closed it in. Indra. the thunder in his hand and wisdom in his head. We invocate for help Indra untouched by eld. 3 Not by both worlds is thine own power to be surpassed. Pay worship with oblation. thee like a saving ship. The thunderbolt. [02-016] HYMN XVI. o'erspread with light the heaven and earth. wherewith. Indra the Lofty One. borne on high. 1. sewing up the turbid darkness. 5 The vessel of the strong flows forth. I bring eulogy. the congregated swift ones fled in sundry ways. Strong are the two Adhvaryus. Verily he will hear and mark this word of ours: we will pour Indra forth as 'twere a spring of wealth. and thy car is strong. 4 He made himself by might Lord of all living things. nor may thy car be stayed by mountains or by seas. yield in return a boon to him who lauds thee. 8 Turn thee unto us ere calamity come nigh. I pray to thee as Bhaga from the seat of all. for drink. in assembly. in his frame vast strength. through the mighty blaze. like oblation in the kindled fire. 5 He with his might made firm the forward-bending hills. with brave men. strong are both the stones. as a cow full of pasture turns her to her calf. 6 Strong is thy thunderbolt. in whom alone all powers heroic are combined. 3 Thou didst perform thy first great deed of hero might what time thou showedst power. for. who maketh all decay. Lord of a Hundred Powers. loud-roaring. Thou.Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. the best among the good. to thy thunderbolt. Indra. To him. O Indra. the flood of meath. bold by prayer. with the strong Soma. Hurled down by thee the car-borne Lord of Tawny Steeds. Loud may we speak. your own. Fast he upheld the earth that nourisheth all life. Indra. art Lord of the strong gladdening drink. Drink thou the Soma. thee shouting in the war. he smote down. When in the rapture of the Soma he unclosed with strength the solid firm-shut stables of the kine. LIKE the Angirases. 1. They press the Soma that is strong for him the Strong. O Indra. as in ancient days. and stayed the heaven from falling by his wondrous skill. his mighty powers are shown. 7 As she who in her parents' house is growing old. [02-017] HYMN XVII. through prayer. Indra. <111> . to him the Strong they cleave. for the earliest draught measuring out his power. Hero who fortified his body in the wars. for ever young. 2 Without whom naught exists. The Soma is within him. yea. and through his greatness set the heaven upon his head. Indra. and striking him to death laid Krivi on the earth. 4 For all men bring their will to him the Resolute. in assembly. None cometh near. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. strong are thy Bay Steeds and thy weapons powerful. when with swift steeds thou fliest over many a league. 9 Now let that wealthy Cow of thine. to him the Holy One. may we once firmly cling to thy fair favours even as husbands to their wives. Bull. 7 I. before this folk.

that must be urged to speed with prayers and wishes. and men who worship. Indra 1. 5 To him who poured him gifts he gave up Surya. 7 So have we brought our hymn to thee. Indra. as a noble Bull. brave Warrior: do not scorn it. of the wise Soma-presser's offered dainty. come hitherward with two Bay Coursers. THE rich new car hath been equipped at morning. and mayst thou bend the godless scorner's weapons. grown mighty in the days aforetime. Loud may we speak. 2 Cheered by this meath Indra. Indra. make us yet more wealthy. safe in his arms. Loud may we speak. May we with best endeavours gain this friendship. whose hand wields thunder. Help us with manifold assistance. O Hero. carried by eighty. with ten. and the third time: he is man's Priest and Herald. Here let not other worshippers detain thee. seven reins to guide it: Ten-sided. sixty or seventy. to the mortal. forty horses. rejoice thyself in this libation. the second. sent forth the flood of waters to the ocean.Grant knowledge. He slayeth Vrtra. Wherein. Thou art to be invoked in many places Hero. Others get offspring of another parent he goeth. He gave the Sun his life. have wrought their hymn and task as seeking favour. Indra. 6 Come to us hitherward. 4 To him who worshippeth hath Indra given many and matchless gifts. four yokes it hath. the God. 2 This is prepared for him the first. come thou hither: bind to thy car's pole all thy two Bay Coursers. O Indra. he found the cattle. Come thou with fifty well trained coursers. 5 O Indra. 8 Thus the Grtsamadas for thee. So may we under his supreme protection. Come thou with eight. three whips. he gave up greedy Surya. bliss. 3 Indra. with heroes. and with the night the works of days completed. 8 May we invoke thee as a liberal giver thou givest us. come thou with four. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. to glad thee. And Indra. Here is the juice. with heroes. or an hundred horses. Indra hath found delight. 9 Now may that wealthy Cow of thine. Loud may we speak. strengthening thee and fain ourselves for glory. Indra: Migthy One. in love. Kutsa. the Dragon's slayer. O Indra. with heroes. in assembly. succeed in each forth-going. mete it out and bring it to us here: give us the share wherewith thou makest people glad. in assembly. give in return a boon to him who lauds thee. come thou hither having harnessed thy car with twenty. For Etasa with worship brought him riches that keep distress afar. So that the quickening currents of the rivers flowed forth like birds unto their resting-places. this Mighty One. O Indra. give in return a boon to him who lauds thee. with six when invocated. in assembly. O Indra. with others. the Mighty. to drink the Soma. 4 Indra. [02-019] HYMN XIX. rent piecemeal Ahi who barred up the waters. O Indra. gain food and strength. O Indra. for among us are many holy singers. give in return a boon to him who lauds thee. light-winner. This Soma juice among the Sunahotras hath been poured out. May they who worship thee afresh. strength and labours. that new well-spoken words may bring him hither. as 'twere his portion. and a happy dwelling. plague of harvest.-Indra. Indra. 7 To this my prayer. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. <112> . [02-018] HYMN XVIII. to drink the Soma. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. friendly to mankind. 3 To Indra's car the Bay Steeds have I harnessed. O Indra. Straight was he to be sought with supplications by men who struggled to obtain the sunlight. 6 Once to the driver of his chariot. O Indra. thirty. for the sake of Divodasa demolished Sambara's nine-and-ninety castles. 9 Now may that weaithy Cow of thine. ninety. 8 Ne'er be my love from Indra disunited still may his liberal Milch-cow yield us treasure. 1. 9 Now may that wealthy Cow Of thine. DRAUGHTS of this sweet juice have been drunk for rapture.

his who draws near to thee with right devotion. with hero deeds subduing the malevolent.-Indra whose rites bring joy hath made the light of Dawn. a guardian near to men who love thee truly. ruler over men. 2 Indra. who conquers and breaks down. 5 He. When in his arms they laid the bolt. the liberal man's defender. O Indra. Who speeds the good. most swift in act. to do his mighty work. the toiler. In Indra seeking help with worship and with hymn. he hath waxen as he would. Indra. all that he would. charm of sweet speech. seeking great bliss from one like thee amid the Heroes. bestow on us the best of treasures. Active art thou. crushed even Asna's ancient powers. loved by mortals. him who is Lord for ever. He. He with his majesty hath filled the earth and heaven. safety of our bodies. IndraWell skilled in song. I. and ever helped the prayer of him who worships. to the Holy bring sweet Soma juice. To him the Lord of all. and days of pleasant weather. the spirit of ability and fortune. the Wide. give in return a boon to him who lauds thee. o'erthrower. lauded. 8 To him in might the Gods have ever yielded. [02-022] HYMN XXII. Lord of men and tilth. triumphant. the Friend. best Wonder-Worker. honoured mid the folk. 4 The strong who never yields. With Visnu hath he quaffed the poured out Soma juice. Host-gatherer. 3 Still Victor. warrior. Fort-destroyer. unassailable. the firm. May he.[02-020] HYMN XX. Increase of riches. true Indu Indra who is true. of the living mortal. 6 He verily. implored. fulfil the prayer for plenty of him who worships. true Indu Indra who is true. thou art our own with thy protection. to Indra in the tumult of thebattle. the deep. Indra's heroic deeds will I tell forth to all. to Indra everconquering speak your reverent prayer. For men hath he created earth and waters. 2 To him the potent One. 3 May Indra. hath raised him up for man. of wisdom unattainable. So may the God attain the God. the God. The migbty-voiced. who slew the furious fiend. Indra whom the Angirases' praise delighted. So may the God attend the God. in assembly. the vast. praiser. the glorious Indra. 4 With laud and song let me extol that Indra in whom of old men prospered and were mighty. with heroes. 1. Him who is Lord of horses. the young. he slaughtered the Dasyus and cast down their forts of iron. dresser of oblations. so bring we power to thee. brought low the dear head of the wicked Dasa. Stealing away the mornings with the sunlight. the Victor never vanquished who disposes all.of floods. Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. the rider. 6 Indra. One who will further with his aid the singer. mighty and triumphant. of light. 1. 3 Brought forth together with wisdom and mighty power thou grewest great. be men's auspicious keeper. Lord of kine. the Lord of wealth. the vast. scattered the Dasa hosts who dwelt in darkness. 5 By sacrifice the yearning sages sending forth their songs found furtherance from him who speeds the flood. and waxen strong. they drew him to themselves and won them kine and wealth. 2 So he resplendent in the battle overcame Krivi by might. <113> . 9 Now may that wealthy Cow of thine. thoughtful in spirit. 7 Indra theVrtra-slayer. As one brings forth his car when fain for combat. At the Trikadrukas the Great and Strong hath drunk drink blent with meal. strengthened their prayer and made their goings prosper. he. Indra. called with solemn invocations. the breaker-down. Loud may we speak. That hath so heightened him the Great.regard us. to Indra. self-reliant. One share of the libation hath he swallowed down: one share he left. [02-021] HYMN XXI.

Who cherish in their heart abandonment of Gods. thou keepest Brahmanaspati. slays demons. Brhaspati. singing goodly hymns of praise. 18 The mountain. never yielding. [02-023] HYMN XXIII. All that is godless may he conquer with his might. thou mountest the refulgent car of sacrifice. who. Brhaspati. true Indu Indra who is true. That. and let not the unrighteous come to highest bliss. foes in ambuscade. cleaves the stall of kine. the wise among the wise. would slay. Let not the guileful wicked man be lord of us:-still may we prosper. no foes. So may the God attend the God. who near or far away prevail against us. 8 Thee as protector of our bodies we invoke. splendid. distress o'ertakes not him who offers gifts to thee. 17 For Tvastar. whoever lays a snare for us. 2 Brhaspati. precipitate. that quells the foe. 4 Thou leadest with good guidance and preservest men. who slays the spoiler and upholds the mighty Law. WE call thee. no creatures double-tongued have overcome the man. 14 Burn up the demons with thy fiercest flaming brand. 4 This. the evilminded. 12 Whoso with mind ungodly seeks to do us harm. the Gods' revilers down. to be invoked in fight and reverently adored. Brahmanaspati. What time thou sentest down life with a God's own power. sing to thee with hymns of praise. Strike. Brhaspati. Son of Law I which is with might refulgent-that treasure wonderful bestow thou on us. Show forth that power that shall deserve the hymn of praise: destroy the evil speakers. 10 With thee as our own rich and liberal ally may we. The awful car.Thou drivest all seductive fiends away from him whom. and leave them destitute. O Brahmanaspati: hear us with help. 15 Brhaspati. too. Brahmanaspati. 6 Thou art our keeper. as the comforter who loveth us. God immortal! verily the Gods have gained from thee. guilt-avenger is Brhaspati. rapacious man. O Brhaspati. was thy hero deed. preparer of our paths: we. Dancer. Brhaspati hath overthrown like cars of war all wicked enemies who fain would injure us. sit down in place of sacrifice. As with great light the Sun brings forth the rays of morn. the wise. kind -prosperer. wise. Angiras! thou openedst the stall of kine. Brhaspati.Giving prosperity. Lord of Hundred Powers. O Brahmanaspati. him may his evil fate. 1. those who have scorned thee in thy manifested might. thee. thy first and ancient work. freeing the floods. Guilt-scourger. 5 No sorrow. quelling his wrath: herein is thy great mightiness. hastening to the battle-cry. no further rest shall they obtain. that which the foe deserves not which shines among the folk effectual. 11 Strong. destroy. no distress from any side. and finds the light. preeminent o'er all the things that be. and. the famousest of all. may we humiliate the strong ill-doer's wrath. for thy glory. 13 The mover mid the spoil. saviour. for thy service. worthy to be told forth in heaven. are greedy for the wealth of him who sits at ease. he who knows each sacred song. O Brhaspati. a share in holy rites. 9 Through thee. who tamest e'en the fierce. who threatens us without offence of ours. arrogant. the winner of all wealth. 7 Him. so thou alone art Father of all sacred prayer. gain highest power of life.Let not his deadly blow reach us. <114> . 16 Give us not up to those who. and lovely wealth to him who praiseth thee. Lord and Leader of the heavenly hosts. 3 When thou hast chased away revilers and the gloom. Brhaspati: give us fair access to this banquet of the Gods.Him turn thou from our path away. victorious in the strife. find for us strength and food. crush. deeming him a man of might mid lords. cleft itself apart when. Brhaspati. Indra. may we obtain the wealth of Men which all desire: And all our enemies. careful guard. Him who hates prayer thou punishest. brought thee to life. Brhaspati. the wildly passionate. consumer of the foe. The King supreme of prayers. Thou art sin's true avenger.

16 O Brahmanaspati. Brhaspati. All that the Gods regard with love is blessed. Brahmanaspati reaches the mark whate'er it be that he desires. extolled is he. No enemy is he.-he made his way within the mountain stored with wealth. <115> . with heroes. turned them back whence they had come. He drave the kine forth and cleft Vala through by prayer. be thou controller of this our hymn.Thoul O Brhaspati. with moons. Heroes on heroes send abundantly to us. 14 The wrath of Brahmanaspati according to his will had full effect when he would do a mighty deed. thou who art the Lord. encompasseth this All. dispelled the darkness and displayed the light of heaven. to our oblation Iiie yoked steeds to fodder. with Indra for ally didst hurl down water-floods which gloom had compa-sed round. be thou controller of this our hymn and prosper thou our children. 12 From you. gracious. when thou omnipotent through prayer seekest my call. Come to us. keen-eyed to look on men and springing from his ear. by thy mighty strength hast waxen great. appointed works which Brahmanaspati ordained. doors unclose themselves to you. excelling all besides are the kind gifts of liberal Brhaspati. and prosper thou our children. in assembly. Brahmanaspati. the great High Priest. fulfil our hearts' desire. rejoicing. the glowing Sun untroubled sends forth fervent heat. full of vital strength. 11 Thou who in every way supreme in earthly power. Hating the stern. 3 That was a great deed for the Godliest of the Gods: strong things were loosened and the firmly fixed gave way. our liberal patron. 13 The sacrificial flames most swiftly hear the call: the priest of the assembly gaineth wealth for hymns. with autumns. BE pleased with this our offering. Excellent are the arrows wherewithal he shoots. do thou. praises thee.He is the God spread forth in breadth against the Gods: he. strong in the shock of fight is Brahmanaspati.Those sages. Effortless they pass on to perfect this and that. Brahmanaspati and Indra. 1. The kine he drave forth and distributed to heaven. whatsoe'er they be. whereby both classes and the people have delight. 6 They who with much endeavour searching round obtained the Panis' noblest treasure hidden in the cave. twain Maghavans. and in his fury rent the holds of Sambara: Who overthrew what shook not. which Brahmapaspati hath opened with his mightAll they who see the light have drunk their fill thereat: together they have made the watery fount flow forth. Cast down with both their arms upon the rock they left the kindled fire. having marked the falsehoods. [02-024] HYMN XXIV. Loud may we speak. These are the boons of him the Strong who should be loved. 4 The well with mouth of stone that poured a flood of meath. the sages stood again upon the lofty ways. 7 The pious ones when they had seen the falsehoods turned them back. for the hymn he brings forth food and wealth. 2 He who with might bowed down the things that should be bowed. 19 O Brahmanaspati. Brahmapaspati. even as a copious flood with strength flows sundry ways. and said. When. Brahmanaspati. 5 Ancient will be those creatures. and sought again to enter in. 10 First and preeminent. 8 With his swift bow. As this thy friend. remitting at his will the debt. we will adore thee with this new and mighty song. strung truly. may we be evermore masters of wealth well-guided. 9 He brings together and he parts. all truth proceedeth: even the waters break not your commandment. in battle Brahmapaspati. 15 O Brahmanaspati.

Saves him from sorrow. and he who serves the Gods subdue the godless man. 5 May I. Brahmanaspati. His children and his children's children grow in strength. whomever Brahmanaspati takes for his friend. 3 These Gods. win Varuna's and Mitra's high protection. HE lighting up the flame shall conquer enemies: strong shall he be who offers prayer and brings his gift. 10 Thou over all. protectors of all being. 3 He. Provident. and many a flawless shelter hath been granted him. 2 With heroes he shall overcome his hero foes. with many eyes. three are their functions in the Gods' assembly. as a bull conquers oxen. Varuna and Mitra. [02-025] HYMN XXV. THESE hymns that drop down fatness. and Mitra. art Sovran. whomever Brahmanaspati takes for his friend. true to eternal Law. perfect. and thornless. and spread his wealth by kine wise by himself is be. in assembly. and faithful. be they Gods. may Aditi transport us. with the heroes. May Mitra. overcomes with strength. they hold aloft the three bright heavenly regions. whomever Brahmanaspati takes for his friend. faithful. free from all guile and falsehood. fair is it. 5 All roaring rivers pour their waters down for him. Aryaman. is your greatness. O Aryaman and Mitra. Varuna. and is his wonderful deliverer from woe. profound. Mighty through Law. 4 Upholding that which moves and that which moves not. by fair paths Aryaman. Prepare oblation so that thou mayst have success. thou hero. 4 Whoso hath honoured him with offerings rich in oil. brings profit e'en in danger. Adityas. He slays in unabated vigour with great might. send us down your blessing: grant us a shelter hard to be demolished. round troubles may I pass. blameless. guarding well the world of spirits. vast. 2 Worship. excellent is it. and Amsa. <116> . his sons. Aryanian. him Brahmanaspati leads forward on his way. 1. Loud may we speak. and Bhaga hear us. Asura! or be they mortals. He with his seed spreads forth beyond another's seed. wealth. the worshipper share the food of him who worships not. 2 With one accord may Aryaman and Mitra and Varuna this day accept this praise-songAdityas bright and pure as streams of water. [02-027] HYMN XXVII. with the ladle I ever offer tothe Kings Adityas. 1. THE righteous singer shall o'ercome his enemies. Thereon. chase the arrogant afar: put on auspicious courage for the fight with foes. like rugged places. mighty like a raving river's billowy flood. share m this your favour which. Brahmanaspati. we crave the favouring help of Brahmanaspati. 1. his house. Adityas. Gods.All that the Gods regard with love is blessed. Varuna. The zealous man shall vanquish the invincible. Aryaman. his family. O Varuna. girt by many heroes. and. three heavens. fain to deceive the wicked. 6 Smooth is your path. the mighty Varuna Daksa.believing Who with oblation and a true heart serves Brahmanaspati the Father of the Gods. Looking within behold the good and evil near to the Kings is even the thing most distant. whomever Brahmanaspati takes for his friend. Adityas. whomever Brahmanaspati takes for his friend. Ne'er do they slumber. frees him from his enemy. with heroes. the debt-exactors. Like Agni's blazing rush he may not be restrained. [02-026] HYMN XXVI. May we uninjured. Blest with the happiness of Gods he prospers well. 7 Mother of Kings. pure like streams of water. Adityas. 4 For him the floods of heaven flow never failing down: first with the heroes he goes forth to war for kine. beyond all hatred. Under your guidance. 3 He with his folk. far-ruling for the righteous mortal. 9 Golden and splendid. Adityas. never close their eyelids. 8 With their support they stay three earths. Adityas. gains booty for himself.

Asura. forgive us however we have erred and sinned against you. with our ancient friendship? O Aditi. 12 He who bears gifts unto the Kings. be shattered. for ever faithful. nor my work's sum. even as of old. thy statutes ne'er to be moved are fixed as on a mountain. in assembly. what service. Full many a morn remains to dawn upon us: in these. Adityas. 5 Loose me from sin as from a bond that binds me: may we swell. Loud may we speak. and VaruVa and Mitra. faithful. 16 Your guiles. neither the cast nor yet the west. May I obtain the broad light free from peril: O Indra. him who is under the Adityas' guidance. ye Holy Ones. thou Holy Sovran. May I car-borne pass like a skilful horseman: uninjured may we dwell in spacious shelter. I who know your goodness. may1 never lack well-ordered riches. to witness my wealthy. like cords that hold a calf. to quell oppressors. 9 Move far from me what sins I have committed: let me not suffer. that we may live. You. before the time. invincible God. Varuna. 3 May we be in thy keeping. ye strong Adityas. Adityas. Varuna. Visvedevas. to witness my wealthy. Indra and Maruts. while we live direct us. at thy bidding wound the sinner. Varuna. liberal dear friend's destitution. are verily our kinsmen as such be kind to me who now implore you. in assembly. 11 Neither the right nor left do I distinguish. day after day. Varuna. As givers of good things deal with us kindly: this day be gracious to us and hereafter. <117> . pardon us. Moves with his chariot first in rank and wealthy. admit us to your friendship. from near at hand or from a distance. 6 Far from me. For in thyself. true Leaders. 10 O King. Lond may we speak. be he friend or kinsman. None slays. [02-029] HYMN XXIX. the rain from heaven: he thrives most highly favoured. 13 Pure. 1 beg renown of Varuna the Mighty. are providence and ye are power: remove ye utterly all those who hate us. with heroes round him. Varuna 1. the Sustainer: the rivers run by Varuna's commandment. with heroes. O sons of Aditi. Gods.Grant unto us to see a hundred autumns ours be the blest long lives of our forefathers. munificent and lauded in assemblies. now and hereafter. Mitra. may I never lack well-ordered riches. therefrom. 2 Ye. remove all danger accept me graciously. remove my sin like her who bears in secret. I call to help me. Cast off. the men who hate us 8 O mighty Varuna. dear friend's destitution. your snares spread out against the foe. very strong. with thoughtful care may we have high fortune in thy service. be severed. Vasus. Gods. he whom their everlasting blessings prosper. whoever. Let us not pass away from light to exile. I. liberal. make us well and happy. 15 For him the Twain united pour their fulness. He goes to war mastering both the mansions: to him both portions of the world are gracious. of mornings rich in cattle. 14 Aditi. [02-028] HYMN XXVIII. O Varuna. O Varuna. Let not my thread. King. for guilt of others. King. UPHOLDERS of the Law. O thou Leader wide-ruling Varuna. Scatter. 4 Ye. thy spring of Order. 3 What service may we do you with our future. Varuna. THIS laud of the self-radiant wise Aditya shall be supreme o'er all that is in greatness. King. 7 Strike us not. Mitra and all Gods who listen. give thou us protection. Sinffing thy praises like the fires at coming. my troubles: I am not even mine eyelid's lord without thee. he dwells beside the waters rich with pasture. with those dread weapons which. with heroes. These feel no weariness. the God exceeding kind to him who worships. O ye Gods. 2. 4 He made them flow. Vasus! may I attain the light that brings no danger. let not during darkness seize us. Having extolled thee. O Varuna. will we speak forth our worship. hath threatened me affrighted in my slumberIf any wolf or robber fain would harm us. 17 May1 not live. while I weave song. 11May I not live O Varuna. nor cease from flowing: swift have they flown like birds in air around us. Simple and guided by your wisdom. Lord of many heroes. the Aditya. Varuna.

girt by the Marut host. hasting through the region with the stamp of hoofs.-aim at him. Ila and Bhaga the celestial. that fearing in my heart I may approach you. supports me. Trita. the company of Maruts. God. and with troops of children. make me slothful. 7 Let it not vex me. to win the meed of strength. heroes. let not the wolf destroy us. O Varuna. Accompany. that from what moves not ye may spread forth threefold food. may I never lack well-ordered riches. Indra and Soma. 7 May I not live. O Indra. Loud may we speak. the Asura's. O Hero. God who rules the world with power. our swift steeds trample on the ridges of the earth. from the pit and falling. 6 Whomso ye love. Indra subdued the foe with sharpened weapons. Visvedevas. far. in assembly. Long have they been inflated with presumption: slay them. and Adityas. Rudras. and against Vrtra shot his deadly missile. [02-030] HYMN XXX. be mine offences: seize me not like a bird upon her offspring. eager for renown. Day after day goes on the sheen of waters. 3 Or may our Indra here. him who would destroy us. O Earth. fiercely flaming. our horses may fly forth. and Aja-Ekapad. liberal. Earth and Heaven. Far be your nets. Morning and Night who stir all living things to act: While with my newest song I praise you both. Enveloped in a cloud he rushed upon him. his power ye aid and strengthen. For gain of children make us thine. of many children's children and of cattle. Savitar shall joy in us. with arms thou slayest foemen O King. pierce him with thy sharpened weapon. so slay even now our enemy. ruling Lords. ye Holy. Savitar. and never let us say. Save us. Press not the Soma.wise. slayer of Ahi. Protect us. with aid untroubled by a foe. 5 I singly have sinned many a sin against you. Indra and Others. protect us: with the Maruts allied thou boldly conquerest our foemen. God. THE streams unceasing flow to Indra. Rbhuksan. That we may gain wealth with full store of heroes. give us firm standing in this time of danger. ye Holy. pierce thou Vrkadvaras'. yea. Cutting their paths according to his pleasure day after day flow to their goal the rivers. coming from heaven. That. help our car. 5 Or. 6 Your blessing as a boon for suppliants we desire: the Dragon of the Deep. each day more famous. HELP. 8 Sarasvati. Law's fulfiller. and ihe Floods' swift Child in our worship and our prayer. one-minded with the Goddesses speed forth our car. and the Asvins. While Indra does to death the daring chieftain of Sandikas exulting in his prowess. 4 Or may this Tvastar. those two blessed Goddesses. O Indra. now ye Gods of one accord speed on our car what time among the folk it seeks an act of might. <118> . who comes with kine to me who pour libations. our car to mighty gain. with heroes. Graciously favour us. to witness my wealthy. 3 Aloft he stood above the airy region. O ye Twain allied with Vasus. 1. ye Twain are the rich worshipper's advancers. give up the spoiler to destruction. and bring us hither their possessions. dear friend's destitution. When. Brhaspati. seen alternate. Pusan. 9 Him who waylays. as the wild birds of the forest from their home. Brhaspati. For him who cares for me. 10 Perform. glad. King.Let not your car come slowly to our worship: of kinsmen such as you ne'er let us weary. 5 Cast down from heaven on high thy bolt of thunder wherewith in joy thou smitest dead the foeman. Purandhi. 6 Turn yourselves hitherward this day. Even as in time of old with might thou slewest. 4 As with a bolt. tire me. Gods. What time hath past since they were first set flowing? 2 His Mother-for she knew-spake and proclaimed him who was about to cast his bolt at Vrtra. the Friend of all mankind. with our valiant heroes the deeds heroic which thou hast to finish. 2 Yea. 1. 11 I craving joy address with hymn and homage your heavenly host. Varuna and Mitra. gives gifts. most. and ye chastised me as a sire the gambler. [02-031] HYMN XXXI.

lovely arms. to Sinlivali Queen of men. Sever not thou our friendship: think thereon for us. Gungu. secret or by day: give not us up a prey to these calamities. mightiest of the mighty. 9 With firm limbs. 2 With the most saving medicines which thou givest. This. may I attain a hundred winters. fair-complexioned. chief. the mighty. O Raka. this speech striving to win reward. uninjured. Rudra. O ye Heaven and Earth. Rudra. 3 Chief of all born art thou in glory. wherewith thou grantest wealth to him who offers giftsWith these come thou to us this day benevolent. 4 Let us not anger thee with worship. hath refreshed me. even as a boy before the sire who greets him. Ne'er may the tawny God. look thou on me with compassion. we glorify. 5 May I with praise-songs win that Rudra's favour who is adored with gifts and invocations. grant us progeny. be gracious to the singer. the splendid name of Rudra. Rudra. living men have formed them. 1. her. Sinivali. 6 O broad-tressed Sinivali. [02-032] HYMN XXXII. We serve the brilliant God with adorations. O potent Martits. the famous. 11 Praise him the chariot-borne. Do thou with strengthening balms incite our heroes: I hear thee famed as best of all physicians. her. we seek from thee. 4 With eulogy I call on Raka swift to hear may she. the tawny adorns himself with bright gold decorations: The strength of Godhead ne'er departs from Rudra. May they win. 2 Let not man's guile annoy us. 1. win the bliss of Rudra. Remover of the woe that Gods have sent us? O Strong One. O Blessed One. thou cuttest here each fiend to pieces: a mightier than thou there is not. Lord of heroes: give medicines to us as thou art lauded. auspicious. yield us to this evil purpose. praised. him who is Sovran of this world. Rudra. O Rudra. great. fair-checked. 8 To him the strong. your notice. thy manyhued and honoured necklace. I utter forth a mighty hymn of praises. day by day I urge thee with my word. Strong God! or mingled invocation. and give a hero son most wealthy. and herself observe. Worthy. begirt by Maruts. let thy bliss approach us: exclude us not from looking on the sunlight. fain to win me wealth. slaying like a dread beast of the forest. thou carriest thy bow and arrows. 6 The Strong. armed with the thunder. Far from us banish enmity and hatred. Men fain to win the prize and glory. the hand that giveth health and bringeth comfort. Sarasvati. hear us. O Rudra. 12 I bend to thee as thou approachest. Rudra. prolific Mother of many sonsPresent the sacred gifts to her. full. and gracious. her. 13 Of your pure medicines. As he who finds a shade in fervent sunlight may I. with most invigorating food.7 These earnest prayers I pray to you. ill praise. bestowing food of thousand sorts. I praise thee Bounteous Giver. GRACIOUSLY further. Immortal. with a heart that longs for bliss. let thy hosts spare us and smite down another. Accept the offered sacrifice. to you the migbty Pair. meet for praise. inexhaustible. high extolled! I. those that are wholesomest and healthbestowing. Gracious to our fleet courser be the Hero may we transplant us. 10 Worthy. imploring. and to all quarters maladies and trouble. <119> . multiform. Goddess. Rudra. 7 Where is that gracious hand of thine. tawny. the strong. Various Deities. 3 Bring hither with benignant mind the willing Cow teeming with plenteous milk. and. Transport us over trouble to well-being repel thou from us all assaults of mis. swifthearing. FATHER of Maruts. worthy. 8 Her. First rank I give to you. 5 All thy kind thoughts. fierce. 7 With lovely fingers. and Vartunani for my weal. in our children. a charger rapid in his tread. O thou invoked by many. thou who art the Sister of the Gods. Indrani to mine aid I call. Raka. With never-breaking needle may she sew her work. Rudra. lovely in their form. of me your worshipper. as a car-horse might the goal. the young. ye Holy: to pay you honour. [02-033] HYMN XXXIII.

With chariot all aflame compass him round about: O Rudras. Here. Make it swell like a mare. with heroes. With ladles lifted up. have disclosed the kine. lavish of their gifts. the mortal foe who makes us looked upon as wolves. whose riches never fail. O God. to your bard in deeds of might give winning wisdom. Maruts 1. with prayer. 14 May Rudra's missile turn aside and spare us. bind at the time bliss their horses to the cars. as the milch-cow feeds her calf within the stalls. impetuous in career. Bounteous God. 15 So may your favouring help be turned to us-ward. Rudra's Sons. thy strong bow from our princes. unsurpassed. power uninjured. Vasus. great Maruts. one-minded. is that wondrous course of yours. Maruts with helms of gold. O Maruts migbty in the car. O Maruts. and be thou gracious to our seed and offspring. in udder like a cow. they who for evermore cause their swift drops to flow. O Maruts. THE Maruts of resistless might who love the rain. come ye to our libations like the praise of men. close akin to her. 8 When the bright-chested Maruts. for assistance. bound to the pole in work. Trita hath brought to aid us hither on his car. Glowing like flames of fire. come unanimous. listen to our invocation. 11 We call youi such. 9 Save us. ye Maruts. Or when to shame the bard who lauded. to our food. to feed. the great wrath of the impetuous One avoid us. blowing the wandering raincloud. Rudra. Food to your praisers. thus showing forth thy nature. we seek of them preeminent. your kindness like a Iowing cow approach us. Whose steeds are spotted deer. Whom. <120> . the Dasagvas. Then. Wherewith ye bear your servant over trouble. following wonted ways. cast away the foeman's deadly bolt. when they milked Prsni's udder. with this our adoration we sing praise to them. 15 O tawny Bull. resplendent. 10 Well-known. in assembly. like swans who seek their nests. O Maruts with brilliant chests. first of all brought sacrifice: they at the break of mornings shall inspirit us. as neither to be wroth. 7 Give us a steed. [02-034] HYMN XXXIV. to the oblation paid to Visnu Speeder-on. from the injurer. nor slay us. 4 They have bestowed of Mitra all that live. Since the strong Rudra. they pour forth food for all oblation-bringing men. like the five terrestrial priests. terrible like wild beasts in their strength. Dawn with her purple beams uncovereth the nights. of one mind. prevailing prayer that brings remembrance day by day. and for the singer grace the song with plenteous strength. ye O infallible brought Trita to decay. Loud may we speak. 13 The Rudras have rejoiced thern in the gathered bands at seats of worship as in purple ornaments. con e with your spotted deer. like horses in full speed. ye who make all things shake. I crave from. the wealth which all extol. They with impetuous vigour sending down the rain have taken to themselves a bright and lovely hue. come to the rapturous enjoyment of the meath. with great light glowing like a billowy sea of milk. 6 To these our prayers. 3 They drip like horses in the racings of swift steeds. 12 They. Rudra for our gain and welfare. 2 They gleam with armlets as the heavens are decked with stars. idth glittering lances on your unobstructed paths. 5 With brightly-flarning kine whose udders swell with milk. golden-hued. 14 Soliciting their high protection for our help. O Maruts. and free your worshipper from scoff and scorning. with the stream's rapid cars they hasten on their way. Turn. sprang into life for you in Prsni's radiant lap.Those which our father Manu hath selected. like cloud-born lightnings shine the torrents of their rain.

Pressed for thee. from the Hotar's bowlfirst right is thine-Soma hallowed and poured with Vasat and Svaha. Son of Waters. He sucks them as an infant. move around him. And bearing with them his supremest glory the Youthful Ones. and clothed in lightning ascended up unto the curled cloud's bosom. as hollows. Accept for thy delight the proffered Soma meath: drink from the Kindler's bowl and fill thee with thy share. hadi entered here as in another's body. 3 Come unto us. Son of Waters. The Waters. his colour is like gold. carefully decking. 4 The never-sullen waters. He. bearing oil to feed their ofispring. of unfading colour. everlastingThe other worlds are verily his branches. the Son of Waters. 5 To him three Dames are oftering food to feed him. Tvastar. Drink. in whose mansion is the teeming Milch-cow. well-content be joyful in the juice with Gods and Goddesses in gladsome company. Whom here the youthful Maids together kindle. gold-coloured. and plants are born of him with all their offspring. resplendent with the rays that never perish. 1. gathering strength in waters. ye Sons of Bharata. EAGER for spoil my flow of speech I utter: may the Floods' Child accept my songs with favour. <121> . shines for his worshipper to give him treasures. Youthful Ones. On every side the bright Floods have encompassed the bright resplendent Offspring of the Waters. dwelling at a distance in forts unwrought lies and ill spirits reach not. like gold to look on. 2 Busied with sacrifice. with chips provide him. nearest Friend of many. Save thou our princes from the oppressor's onslaught. forth from the heart. Will not the rapid Son of Waters make them lovely. lle Son of Waters. Loud may we speak. drink Soma from the Potar's bowl. Sitting on sacred grass. it is offered unto thee: drink from the chalice of this Brahman. 14 While here he dwelleth in sublimest station. [02-036] HYMN XXXVI Various Gods. victory for all time are placed within thine arms. Shall he not understand it' The friendly Son of Waters by the greatness of Godhead hath produced all things existing. youthful Maidens. swells the Gods' nectar and cats noble viands. oil-enveloped. flow. unfed with wood. I make his back to shine.[02-035] HYMN XXXV. gleaming upon your way with ornaments. Sage. WATER and milk hath he endued. Indra. 10 Golden in form is he. He with bright rays shines forth in splendid beauty. yea. Within the waters hath he pressed. indestructible. 11 This the fair name and this the lovely aspect of him the Waters' Son increase in secret. law-abiding. his was the sunlight. for he it is who shall enjoy them? 2 To him let us address the song well-fashioned. Him. O Priest. t offer food and with my songs exalt him. ye swift to listen: as at home upon the sacred grass sit and enjoy yourselves. I gave good shelter to the people. and to the princes goodly preparation. drink thy fill. and reverence and oblation. 12 Him. 1. in wanderings about him. 5 This is the strengthener of thy body's manly might: strength. in assembly. And. 3 Some floods unite themselves and others join them: die sounding rivers fill one common storehouse. 4 Bring the Gods hither. Goddesses to the God whom none may injure. sent forth to thee: the men have drained him with the filters and the stones. and offer sacrifice: at the three altars seat thee willingly. in waters. Maghavan. 15 Agni. his food is sacred oil of golden colour. 7 He. 13 The Bull hath laid his own life-germ Within them. Blessed is all that Gods regard with favour. with spotted deer and spears. When he is seated fresh from golden birthplace those who present their gold give food to feed him. wait on him the youthful. O Men of heaven. 8 He who in waters with his own pure Godhead shines widely. and they kiss him. 6 Here was the horse's birth. will we worship with sacrifice. our Friends. 9 The Waters' Son hath risen. and drinks their milk who now are first made mothers. with heroes.

thou who grantest wealth. Each man hath come leaving his evil doings. 3 Fat may the horses be wherewith thou specdest on: Lord of the Wood. Enjoy thy fill of meath out of the Hotar's cup: Adhvaryus he desires a full draught poured for him. 1. Savitar. 4 What was spread out she weaves afresh. manifest. Mix the oblations. O ye Twain. and parted seasons: Savitar hath approached. 11 So come to us our hearts' desire. <122> . verily.6 Accept the sacrifice. [02-038] HYMN XXXVIII. 2 He whom of old I called on. let him drink who giveth wealth. immortal. and thought and wisdom. In due place Savitar hath set each creature. 5 Tlirough various dwellings. To the Gods. in restless haste at sunset Varuna seeks his watery habitation. he gives rich treasure. spreads. Night closely followed Savitar's dominion. He is to be invoked. The fourth cup undisturbed. here for my welfare him I invoke. each beast his lodging. He hath checked e'en their haste who glide like serpents. with the loud-lauding singer. Bold One. re-weaving: the skilful leaves his labour half-completed. Savitar. drink Soma with the Rtus from the Nestar's cup. and Savitar hath sped to meet his summons. the bounty bestowed by thee. 8 With utmost speed. strengthen thou thyself. not Mitra. Aryaman. with Rtu. O thou Excellent. Here brought by priests is Soma meath. and the Dames' Lord and Narasamsa aid us. his name is He who Gives. ye rich in abundant strength. then come hither with the meath. unfolded. Priest who neglects not this most constant duty. Nor evil-hearted fiends. The woods are given to the birds. accept the fuel and our offered gift: accept the prayer of man. to-day your hero-bearing car. These statutes of the God Savitar none disobeyeth. 6 He comes again. 6 Agni. nor Rudra breaketh. 10 May they who strengthen bliss. swift-moving hitherward: your loosing-place is here. Granter of Wealth. holy-minded. this God. him I call on now. mark both of you. 9 Him whose high law not Varuna nor Indra. UPRISEN is Savitar. fain. 4 From Hotar's cup and Potar's he hath drunk and joyed: the proffered food hath pleased him from the Nestar's bowl. drink Sorna with the Rtus from the Hotar's cup. The Mother gives her Son the goodliest portion. may we be Savitar the God's beloved. That good may come to us and wealth be gathered. to quicken. with worship. 7 The wild beasts spread through desert places seeking their watery share which thou hast set in waters. accept our eulogy. 5 Yoke. and drink the Soma. my call: the Priest hath seated him after the ancient texts. Even the waters bend them to his service: even this wind rests in the circling region. after the Godlike Savitar's commandment. drink Soma with the Rtus from the Potar's cup. Granter of Wealth. the God broadhanded spreads his arms widely forth that all may mark him. from heaven and earth and waters. and blesses him who calls them to the banquet. That it be well with friends and those who praise thee. the love of all things moving. through entire existence. make the great Gods all fain taste the gift we bring. and. He hath arisen from rest. 2 Having gone up on high. [02-037] HYMN XXXVII. Drawing and seizing. God Savitar. Bring it him: seeking this he gives. the cup of the wealth-giving God. God. My prayer that bids them come goes forth to both the Kings: drink ye the Soma meath from the Director's bowl. Then seeks each bird his nest. the household light of Agni. 3 Though borne by swift steeds he will yet unyoke them: e'en the fleet chariot hath he stayed from going. 1. Various Gods. Do thou with all. fain for conquest: at home was he. unharming.

4 This Soma hath been shed for you. wealthy Gods! as none afar nor standing nigh to us may harm. 6 May Pusan stir our thought. Soma and Pusan. [02-041] HYMN XLI. rich in food.[02-039] HYMN XX Asvins. 4 Bear us across the rivers like two vessels. like heaven and earth constrain the airy regions. Come like two hands most helpful to the body. The thousand-pillared. naves. on earth and in the firmament the other. 8 These prayers of ours exalting you. come today and drink. Parents of earth and Parents of high heaven. and guide us like two feet to what is precious. like the folk's envoys called in many places. 1. That stirs not all. Lords of liberal gifts. which we hate. Sovran Kings. Of the bright juice when blent with milk. like two crutches. Like two laud-singing Brahmans in the assembly. Asvins. Come like two Cakavas in the grey of morning. like to a pair of goats ye come electing. 8 Such. to vanish. save us as ye were yokes. for a laud. They wait on him whose life is true. Soma and Pusan. ye Heroes. 5 One of you Twain is Parent of all creatures. two confluent rivers. the Gods have made centre of life eternal. O Vayu. with heroes. 1 SOMA and Pusan. even as two breasts that nourish our existence. urge your chariot hither. come to us with all the thousand chariots that are thine. 6 Fed with oblation. be to us as our ears that hear distinctly. come with quick vision like two eyes before us. <123> . like to a pair of hoofs with rapid motion. 3 Indra and Vayu. Be like two dogs that injure not our bodies. drawn by teams. Like the two nostrils that protect our being. that we fall not. much-longed for. fivc-reined and harnessed by the thought. You Twain. with Soma and with Pusan. brought forth as the whole world's protectors. aid my thought with favour: with you may we o'ercome in all encounters. Lawstrengtheners. O ye Heroes. 2 Drawn by thy team. Various Deities. Welcome them. in assembly. preserve us. and with steeds. in assembly. come like two misers to the tree of treasure. Parents of all riches. to the house That will protect its heroes well. made ready. Adityas. 1. that moves to every quarter. the seven-wheeIed car that measures out the region. sharpen ye like an axe upon a whetstone. 2 Moving at morning like two chr-borne heroes. O VAYU. 5 Both Kings who never injure aught seat them in their supremest home. come like two chariot wheels at dawn. spokes and fellies. 6 Even as two lips that with the mouth speak honey. Team-borne. and come bither. Thou visitest the presser's house. Nasatyas. may Soma Lord of riches grant us riches. SING like the two press-stones for this same purpose. 7 With kine. 3 Like to a pair of horns come first to usward. [02-040] HYMN XL. ye Mighty. the all-impelling. O Asvins. Asvins. like a wise married pair among the people. to drink the Soma juice. firmly-based. Mitra-Varuna! Listen ye here to this my call. these hymns that struggle to approach you. 2 At birth of these two Gods all Gods are joyful: they have caused darkness. India generates ripe warm milk in the raw milch-cows. With these. come. have the GrtSamadas. Like two fair dames embellishing their bodies. come. the otherjourneys onward all-beholding. 5 Like two winds ageing not. with brave men. the pure. Rudras. May Aditi the perfect Goddess aid us. 7 Like two hands give ye us increasing vigour. ye Mighty. 3 Soma and Pusan. source of enjoyment. to thee is offered this. Loud may we speak. 4 One in the heaven on high hath made his dwelling. Loud may we speak. May they disclose to us great store of treasure.

and when thou sittest still think on us with kind thoughts. come hitherward: hear this mine invocation. He. best of Rivers. driveth e'en mighty fear away. nor the eagle let not the arrow-bearing archer reach thee. And Agni who conveys our gifts. give thou us renown. speak here auspicious. 12 From all the regions of the world let Indra send security. bearing joyful tidings. The foe-subduer. We are. go forth. 13 O all ye Gods. Still crying in the region of the Fathers. be ominous of happy fortune from no side may calamity befall thee. 9 As such. of no repute and dear Mother. call thou out loudly southward of our dwellings.to thee. these prayers of ours. 20 This our. like: a Sama-chanter utters both the notes. Loud may we speak. for verily we choose you both.Yea. Bird. accept Sarasvati. 17 In thee. divine. O Bird. 11 Indra be gracious unto us: sin shall not reach us afterward. When flying off thou singest thou art like a lute. 10 Verily Indra. With brave sons in assembly may we speak aloud. 14 Among ihe gunahotras strong for you is this sweet gladdening draught. Even as a vigorous horse when he comes near the mare. 18 Enriched with sacrifice. announce good luck to us. O longed-far Asvins. 15 Ye Martus led by Indra. O Bird. with heroes. as 'twere. [02-042] HYMN XLII Kapinjala. 2 Let not the falcon kill thee. seat Yourselves upon this sacred grass. TELLING his race aloud with cries repeated. no sinner may oppress us. Bird. 3 When singing here. Sarasvati. 3 Bringing good tidings. And good shall be before us still. Holy One. 16 Best Mother. 1. HERE on the right sing forth chanters of hymns of praise. shall Heaven and Earth Present unto the Gods to-day. proclaim in all directions happy luck. glad with Sunahotra's sons: O Goddess grant us progeny. on every side. Wealth that shall bring us room and rest. Drink ye of this delightsome juice. the Holy Gods shall sit them down To-day to drink the Soma here. 19 Ye who bless sacrifice. Kapinjala. Hear all of you this call of mine. 1. he sends his voice out as his boat a steersman. all generations have their stay. 2 Thou like the chanter-priest chantest the Sama. Be. skilled in the mode of Trstup and of Gayatri. <124> . For firm is he and swift to act. reaching the sky. ye guileless Ones. Sarasvati.effectual sacrifice. thou singest at libations like a Brahman's son. lead us on to wealth of varied sort. Thoughts which GrtSamadas beloved of Gods bring. Bird of happy omen. announce to us good forturue. swift to act. [02-043] HYMN XLIII. in assembly. even the winged birds that in due season speak. So that no thief. best of Goddesses. Gods with Pri§an for your bounteousest. 21 In both your laps. no malicious mortal foe. O Bird. conquering all.

the ancient and the later. 11 The Mighty One increased in space unbounded. Thou shinest to the Gods. and will beget. the Strong. for the Bright and Strong. Then they. he set his voices and his streams in motion. allied by birth to Heaven and Earth in kinship. knower of all secret wisdom. a glorious portion. that brings a good repute. O Agni. Child of Floods. The Gods discovered in the midst of waters beautiful Agni with the Sisters' labour. There stood the milch-kine with full-laden udders. with thy mighty succours. Full streams of fatness and sweet juice descended. in his dwelling. thy grace to him who lauds thee. full many a glorious flood gave strength to Agni. 8 Carefully cherished. the unimpaired. 19 Come unto us with thine auspicious friendship. Friend of the homestead. Seven sounding Rivers. assuming every form. Grant us abundant wealth that saves from danger. kindled perpetual by the Visvamitras. and served him at his birth. most manly. 9 From birth he knew even his Father's bosom. He who begat. hast made me the Soma's priest. I set the pressstones. joy-giver. who dwell together. Robing himself in light. so at his birth the Gods wondered at Agni. at the spring of fatness. 1.BOOK THE THIRD [03-001] HYMN I. purging his power with wise purifications. the knower of all secret wisdom. come speeding. the Wondrous. 13 Him. Mighty. he whose will is pure. Bedewed with holy oil he shineth widely. O Agni. him white at birth and red when waxen mighty. O Agni. 3 The Prudent. 4 Him. moved in spirit. the lovely Infant of floods and plants the blessed wood hath gendered. thou who leadest wisely. Guard. Grant. With wood and worship shall they honour Agni. came around him. 2 East have we turned the rite. 17 Ensign of Gods hast thou become. Strong in the glory of our noble offspring. Blessed One. the Seven strong Floods augmented. filling full their sacred synods. the unconsuming. These great libations to the Strong are offiered: in every birth is Jatavedas stablished. Agni. light-shedder whom the brood rejoice to look on. fulfilling. 20 To thee who art of old these songs. varied in his form. protect us with thy rays that guard the homestead. Gods even. brought welfare. As mother mares run to their new-born you ling. <125> .[03-000] RIG VEDA . as one germ received him. 21 Stablished in every birth is Jatavedas. and both paired Mighty Mothers of the Wondrous. 16 May we. I toil. while in the boundless stall they milk out Amrta. 10 He nursed the Infant of the Sire and Maker: alone the Babe sucked many a teeming bosom. Waxen. in the Sister Rivers' service. there where the Mighty One grew strong by wisdom. to worship in assembly. are scattered where flow sweet waters. be joyful in thyself. Son of Strength. within the lap of Order lay Agni. Agni. subdue the godless when they seek the battle. 6 He sought heaven's Mighty Ones. He stayed not hidden. mighty luminaries accompany the light-diffusing Agni. who wilt have the strong. 5 Spreading with radiant limbs throughout the region. is youthful Agni. may the hymn aid it. 12 As keen supporter where great waters gather. thou hast lightened mortals: carborne thou goest to the Gods. the fellow-spouses friendly to men and bound to him in kinship. the life of waters. 14 Like brilliant lightnings. as 'twere in secret. Friend of the house. Knew him who moved with blessed Friends in secret. have I declared. 7 His piles. thy followers and masters of all treasures. Agni. lie spreads abroad his high and perfect glories. From heaven the synods of the wise have learnt it: c'en for the quick and strong they seek advancement. thou shoncst assuming lasting and refulgent beauties. not clothed and yet not naked. with the young Dames of heaven. 15 I sacrificing serve thee with oblations and crave with longing thy good-will and friendship. ancient and young. the dawnlights. 18 Within the house hath sate the King immortal of mortals. THOU. with the Gods. O Agni.

traversesthe common way again. with raised ladles. rich in marvels. who strengthens Holy Law. men. To man. the guest of men. bear to the Gods rejoicing. circling all. Vaisvanara. that he may win us strength. him bright. Agni. fain for him. be this thy gracious will to us-ward. Yea. O Mighty. To us he born a son. Grant us abundant food. is the great High Priest of Gods. Busied with sacred rites he mounts and he descends. strong with sages' lore. 3 Within the range of their surpassinq power. whom none may turn aside-to him the Powerful with mighty prayer we seek. as of old. address him. 23 As holy food. 14 As pure and swift of course. perfecting aims of works. 4 Eager to gain. 9 They who are free from death. meet for high praise and holy. to thine'invoker give wealth in cattle. Whom Matarisvan stablished. bestowing goods and wealth on him who offiers gifts. oblation-bearer. 1. the people's Lord. Agni. 6 Around thy dwelling-place. Agni. the Gods created Agni with inventive thought. beholder of the light. born as a Lion or a loudly-bellowing Bull: Vaisvanara immortal with wide-reaching might. O Agni. with his ample light. He drives the chariot of the lofty ordinance: Agni most active. who stands in heaven's bright sphere a sign. gracious. they are there. With thoughtful insight human priests bring him anear. He hath laid down his vital germ within these worlds. Agni. Rudra of solemn rites. Agni. for his enjoyment. willing. 12 Vaisvanara. rich in radiant light. dweller in the heaven. purified three splendours of the mighty Agni. lasting. serve ye the Household Friend who knows all things that be. heaven's ridge. who wakes at dawn. well greeted. ever-young. gold-haired. infallible. 11 He stirs with life in wombs dissimilar in kind. as an axe forms a car. sage and true to Law. 2 He made the heaven and earth resplendent by his birth: Child of two Mothers he was meet to be implored. one of these they gave: the other two have passed into the sister sphere. He. To him. by those skilled in noble songs. having trimmed the sacred grass. choiceworthy meet to be extolled: The Bhrgus' bounty. like a steed. Agni. are men at sacrifice. 22 This sacrifice of ours do thou. O brightly-shining Priest. resplendent with his brilliance. mounted the cope of heaven. thou priestly Herald. Wishing to do thee service. the head of heaven. vouchsafe to give us ample wealth. producing riches for the folk. 8 Honour the oblation-bearer. we crave from him the friendly God strength confident. our Herald from of old. when at his birth the skilful held him in their hold. set Agni glorious for his strength before them here. 7 He hath filled heaven and earth and the great realm of light. 5 For happiness.May we rest ever in the loving-kindness. and spreading offspring. him whose course is splendid. for brightness. even Agni shining forth with light that comes from heaven. [03-002] HYMN II. dear to all the Gods. as of old. He like a horse is led forth to the sacrifice Sage. him who knows fair rites. I. <126> . in the auspicious grace of him the Holy. 10 Man's sacrificial food hath sharpened like an axe. eager to win strength. still watchful. by might. O truly Wise. excellently bright. desirous of thy friendship grant them store of wealth. 13 For new prosperity we seek to Agni. him the Sage of men. graciously inclined. to Agni we present our praise like oil made pure. whose sacred grass is trimmed.

ensign of sacrifice. He compassethwith rays the lofty dwelling-place. 3 The thought that bringeth every boon proceedeth to worship first the Priest of the libation. Jatavedas. Let us with pure laudations in his house approach the high laws of the nourisher of multitudes. Fair to behold for beauty like a splendid car. 4 The Sire of sacrifice. that offers honour. Hath entered heaven and earth that show in varied form: the Sage whom many love rejoiceth in his might. who fills the synod full: In whom the singers have stored up their holy acts to him the worshipper looks for joy and happiness. O Agni. Full in the midst of heaven the Priest is seated: sirew we the sacred grass where Gods may rest them. giver of great joy. and therefore never breaks their everlasting laws. great God of holy bards. 3 Sages shall glorify Agni with earnest thoughts. unto our worship: serve. To this our sacrifice approach the many who show in hero beauty at assemblies. great High Priest of men. encompassed round with powers. Vaisvanara. wherewith thou. Thou filledst at thy birth both worlds. mightier than Vaisvanara's wondrous acts. [03-004] HYMN IV Apris. firm seated as the Herald. well-inclined. That we may greet the Strong One with our homage. as Friend thy friends. 8 The Mighty One. devoted Friend of priests. together with the Gods and Manu's folk by thought extending sacrifice in varied form. enrich with meath our service that dwells with holy oil. 7 Sing. [03-003] HYMN III. shall bards give precious things that he may go on certain paths: For Agni the Immortal serves the Deities. Urged. O farsighted God. sent forward by the Gods. inciting all. rich in prolific seed. Agni. to and fro with those who crown each rite. 1. might. 10 I celebrate thy glories. the earth and heaven: all this. 6 Agni.. the leader of their thoughts. shine upon us store of food. 2 He. him very glorious have the Gods established here. thou ever-vigilant: thou. 5 Claiming in mind the seven priests' burntoblations. 11 By his great skill the Sage alone hath brought to pass a great deed. 4 On high your way to sacrifice was made ready. the measure and the symbol of the priests. car-borne. the pure. Heaven and Earth. Lord of the people and their guest. Pervading. O God. hast thou compassed of thyself. 5 Bright Agni with the bright car. Agni. goes between the earth and heaven. O Vaisvanara. Bring thou the Gods. Vaisvanara dweller in the floods. dear to all mankind. BE friendly with each kindled log of fuel. who turns the curse aside. Lord of green domains. the fleet. knowest their hymns full well. enriched with piayer. may he bring the Gods. best Sacrificer. they came in settled order. Increase the great man's strength.15 The cheerful Priest. swift and wild. hath on his lovely car compassed the lands with. the radiant flames went upward to the regions. 9 Agni the God resplendent. with every flash bestow the boon of riches. in whom no guile is found. Goes. Agni sprang into being. the Household Friend. longing for the Gods. magnifying both his Parents. wondrous envoy. who finds the light. Agni. for long life to us and noble sons: teem thou with plenty. with urgings for their weal. <127> . men with worship ever praise. To him who shines afar. Agni. praise-worthy. 1. 2 Agni whom daily Varuna and Mitra the Gods bring thrice a day to this our worship. O Agni. Friend of the House. Tanunapat. Our solemn rites' announcer.Agni the Friend of men we ever seek for wealth. has found the light.

Agni. 5 Great are the deeds of thee. Loving the varied shows of holy Order at the first flush of dawn he shines as envoy. This Agni guards with care that never ceases the Sonia's skin. guardeth sublime the Deities enjoyment. Whenever human families. the God-approaching ladle. Resplendent. the Priest hath thrown both gates of darkness open. Sarasvati with all her kindred Rivers. Borne onward to the right it travels eastward. by plants he grew to greatness. Whence springs the hero. Guardeth the Seven-headed in the centre. Jatavedas. 2 Thou at thy birth didst fill both earth and heaven. laud thy splendid lustre. Like waters lovely when they hasten downward may Agni in his Parents' lap protect us. <128> . skilled in action. Agni. filled with oil. their nectar. giving easy access. yea. everyoung. rich in marvels. lauded. between vast Heaven and Earth the well-belovedThose Cows who yield. give ready issue to our procreant vigour. When. to Agni bears oblation. he guardeth in his might the course of Surya. 4 Agni is Mitra when enkindled duly. [03-005] HYMN V. O Agni. the Bird's dear lofty place he guardeth. On this our grass sit Aditi. with his glories. 11 As holy food. and let our Hail delight the Gods Immortal. God-devoted. united. 3 Amid men's homes hath Agni been established. 7 Agni hath entered longingly the longing shrine rich with fatness. Matarisvan kindled the oblation-bearer where he lay in secret. Three Goddesses. With far-spread lustre. germ of waters. adorable Matarisvan. together with the potent Gods and Indra. meet for worship. 9 Extolled. Agni to thine invoker give wealth in cattle. 5 The Earth's. the height he hath ascended. adjuster of the press-stones. fulfilling with the Law. the Bird's place rich in fatness. duly kindled. 9 Well pleased with us do thou O God. pious ones. praising the truth eternal. 7. These speak of truth. object of our invocations. happy Mother. kindled by the pious. and. [03-006] HYMN VI. and seat them. with mortalls Agni. 1. O Agni. unharmed. bring. 10 Best of all luminaries lofty Agni supported with his flame the height of heaven. Agni. O ye singers. Mitra as active minister. when tender shoots with holy oil increased him. Even through the heaven's and through the earth's expanses let thy swift seventongued flames roll on. I crave the grace of heaven's two chief Invokers: the seven swift steeds joy in their wonted manner. for the Gods' generations well he knoweth. The holy Singer who precedes the sages. Ila accordant with the Gods. 1. Friend. powerful. thinking on Order as the guards of Order.6 Night and Dawn. far from Bhrgus. both smiling. hither come together. Varuna. 11 Come thou to us. He as the truer Priest shall offer worship. girt by Maruts. pure. That Varuna and Mitra may accept us. AGNI who shines against the Dawns is wakened. be this thy gracious will to us-word. lasting. Loved and adored. 3 Both Heaven and Earth and Gods who should be worshipped establish thee as Priest for every dwelling. O Tvastar. 8 Born suddenly. Agni. and Indra. 6 The skilful God who knows all forms of knowledge made for himself a fair form. dress it. 8 May Bharati with all her Sisters. 10 Send to the Gods the oblation. different are their forms in colour. sublime and purifying. the Strong shone forth with kindled fuel to the earth's centre. and let the Immolator. the Great. to be adored with hymns of those who praise him. Friend. Mitra as Priest. May Agni. bringing oblations. come to this grass. again he renovates his Mothers. Mitra of flowing rivers and of mountains. and House-Friend. Lord of Forests. the Singer. Most Adorable. thou didst exceed them. URGED on by deep devotion. as envoy bring the Gods unto our worship. to the height of heaven. lover of Gods. 2 Agni hath waxen mighty by laudations. again. Spouses of the Far-Strider. O Agni: thou by thy power hast spread out earth and heaven. 4 Firm in the Gods' home is the Mighty seated. To us be born a son and spreading offspring.

He. the Mornings have gleamed forth in splendour. hath made them burst forth from their food the brushwood. after thy Godlike nature. for our weal. rich in marvels. e'en sin cornmitted. full of wisdom. in the forests. the Gods. by tradition from the ancient sages they brought great strength from the two mighty Parents. lasting. 9 The many seek the great Steed as a stallion: the reins obey the Lord of varied colour. was Leader of the people. Forgive us. Grant wealth to us when thou art standing upright as when reposing on this Mother's bosom. thyself up on the loftiest spot of earth. 1. 2 The Male who dwells in heaven hath Mares and Milchkine: he came to Goddesses who bring sweet treasure. fain to support the mighty work. and Earth and Heaven. he mounted those who may with case be guided.As soon as thou wast born thou wast an envoy. rejoice them: as Gods themselves the ways of Gods they follow. carborne. 1. lift thyself up to bring us great good fortune. wealthy finder-out of riches. 8 The Gods who take delight in air's wide region. They fair and true and holy coming forward stand at his sacrifice who springs from Order. praising the Truth Eternal. 11 As holy food. accepting prayer that wastes not. approach us. of Tvastar. give wealth in cattle. flashing in his home with all his members. He. 3 Lord of the Forest. and are joyful under the flaming-coloured Lord's dominion: They who give shine from heavenwith fair effulgence. the Three and-Thirty. O heavenly Priest. rich in marvels. THE seven tones risen from the whitebacked viand have made their way between the pair of Mothers. whose lofty song like Ila must be honoured. To us be born a son. Or those. manifold with varied aspect. 4 Strength-giving streams bear hither him eternal. most pleasant. Mighty One. 7 Even from the sky thy brilliant lights shone hither: still hast thou beamed through many a radiant morning. untouched by old. <129> . lasting. That the Gods praised their joyous Herald's labour eagerly burning. worshipped with all viands. 5 They know the red Bull's blessing. Bring. or those the dwellers in heaven's realm of brightness. to thine invoker. O Sovran of the Forest. dark-backed. 10 Rich Lord. thinking on Order as the guards of Order. and spreading offspring Agni. turn their horses hither. fair-rayed. To where the singer's Bull. the Holy. thou. witb their Dames. Agni. hath entered both the worlds as they were single. rich in hero. the night's dispeller. bring the great Gods to us. Jatavedas. fair-speaking. fixt and measured well. to thine invoker give wealth in cattle. Agni. be this thy gracious will to usward. 11 As holy food. Agni. Agni. with the glory of the earth. Agni. Both circumjacent Parents come together to yield us length of days they hasten forward. 10 He is the Priest at whose repeated worship even wide Heaven and Earth sing out for increase. after his proper law hath waxen stronger. 2 Set up to eastward of the fire enkindled. be this thy gracious will to usward. 6 Bind to the pole with cords of holy Order the long-maned ruddy steeds who sprinkle fatness. These speak of truth. 7 Seven holy singers guard with five Adhvaryus the Bird's beloved firmly-settled station. our helpers. [03-008] HYMN VIII Sacrificial Post. Driving far from us poverty and famine. 6 Yea. prompt to hear. GOD-SERVING men. all Gods together: provide them noble worship. 3 Wise Master. for thy steeds are able. 8 I crave the grace of heaven's two chief Invokers: the seven swift steeds joy in their wonted manner. The willing Bulls. To thee safe resting in the seat of Order the Cow alone upon her way proceedeth. Agni--9 With these. O thou God. [03-007] HYMN VII. with heavenly meath at sacrifice anoint thee. O Agni. Give splendour. raise. who. Bring hithier. borne on one ear. to him who brings the sacrifice. and be joyful. To us be born a son and spreading offspring. or borne on many. Yea.

he prospers well. 6 O Bearer of Oblations. the blessed. 6. yea.4 Well-robed. 8 Adityas. and others round about thee sit. who honours thee with fuel. the Friend of man. 4 Ensign of sacrifices. Or. When gathered round about thee. with oil bedewed him. mortals a God. with an edge well whetted for great felicity. 2 Since thou delighting in the woods hast gone unto thy mother streams. For him spread sacred grass. 3 He. is that return of thine when from afar thou now art here. 5 Sprung up he rises in the days' fair weather. rise with a hundred branches. couched like a lion in his lair. <130> . Earth. Decked by the seven priests. Ye whom religious men have firmly planted. Him the unerring Ones. from the Gods. Agni. eastward. God. with Gods is come to us. increasing in the men-frequented synod. the youthful: springing to life his glory waxeth greater. Imperial Lord of all mankind. 4 Him who had passed beyond his foes. with thousand branches may we rise to greatness. Bringing a blessing to the field. the Pillars have come to us arrayed in brilliant coIour. active. the Invoking Priest. thou Forest Sovran whom the axe hath fashioned. 7 Amid thy wonders this is good. 1. and three times ten and nine have worshipped Agni. He. to the simple is it clear. Agni here hidden from our view. sages of high intelligence upraise him. [03-009] HYMN IX. by sages. these hewn and planted in the ground. Agni. 9 Three times a hundred Gods and thrice a thousand. 9 Like swan's that flee in lengthened line. 1. to be our help. Agni! wins heroic might. Not to be scorned. as upraised by priests in invocation. ancient. THEE Agni. and adorable: serve ye the God attentively. Whilst thou. With song the wise and skilful consecrate him: his voice the God-adoring singer utters. Rudras. Shine forth in thine own home as guardian of the Law. the resplendent One. and thus art thou benevolent. 5 ToAgni. thus mortals received thee from the Gods. Heaven. and Prthivi and Air's mid-region. 2 They laud thee in their solemn rites. Agni. 5 Him wandering at his own free will. Most Youthful One. let them assist us in the rush to battle. 3 O'er pungent smoke host thou prevailed. Swift envoy. The Waters' Child. Contemplative in mind and God-adoring. Agni. hath brought before us. shall bear our precious gift to Gods. observant. victorious and beyond compare. 10 Those Stakes upon the earth with rings that deck them seem to the eye like horns of horned creatures. careful leaders. beyond continual pursuits. he. To him Ordainer-like who brings the light of songs.Let those the Stakes divine which here are standing be fain to grant us wealth with store of children. to him who bringeth gifts. 7 O men who lift the ladles up. lifted up on high. they in whose friendship thou hast place. enveloped he is come. 8 Offer to him who knows fair rites. found in floods. They. [03-010] HYMN X. Agni. who burns with purifying glow. verily. Him Matarisvan brought to us from far away produced by friction. offer your best. go forth as Gods to the God's dwelling-places. Tlou whom this hatchct. Accordant Deities shall bless our worship and make our sacrifice's ensign lofty. WE as thy friends have chosen thee. 11 Lord of the Wood. Some go before. as Minister and Priest. guardest each sacrifice with thine own power. Vasus. Knower of all life. and stablished him as Priest and Sacrificer. your lofty speech. lie the herds where thou art kindled in the morn. do mortal men With understanding kindle at thesacrifice.

7 By offering sacred food to him the mortal worshipper obtains. 9 So. A home from him whose light makes pure. Indra-Agni. by our hymn. versed in sacred hymns. Oblation-bearer. most swift in act: He knows the rite in constant course. he springs to life. Singers of him who knows all life. the great High Priest of sacrifice.ink ye thereof. Together. 3 Ensign of sacrifice from of old. thy splendour drive our foes afar 8 As such. ye cast down the ninety forts which DAsas held. 2 Oblation-bearer.6 Let these our hymns make Agni grow. whence. well inclined. with one mighty deed. come to the juice. to the pious man: A joyful Priest. shine on us heroic glorious might: Be nearest Friend to those who laud thee. [03-011] HYMN Xl. Agni well knoweth with his thought To prosper this man's aim and hope. Agni. for their weal. 8 From Agni. 2 O Indra-Agni. deathless. powers are yours. 5 Infallible is Agni. 4 Indra and Agni I invoke. O Purifier. the holy singers kindly thee. 8 O Indra-Agni. the Son of Strength who knows all life. singers skilled in melody hymn you. [03-012] HYMN XII. MOVED. Agni comes nigh us with the thought. 3 Through force of sacrifice I choose Indra-Agni who love the wise: With Sorna let these sate them here. A chariot swift and ever new. best to win the spoil. joint-victors. 7 To Indra-Agni eeverent thoughts go forward from the holy task Along the path of sacred Law. may we gain all things that bring happiness. The Gods have made to their Priest. and dwellings and delightful food Good is your readiness to act. the precious dew: Dr. wakeful. in your deeds of might ye deck heaven's lucid realms: Famed is that hero strength of yours. meet for laud. AGNI is Priest. To mighty strength and great possession. 5 Indra and Agni. bring the Gods. subduing all his enemies. 6 Strength of the Gods which none may harm. by our hymns. in our deeds of might may we obtain all precious things: Tle Gods are centred all in thee. 9 O Agni. illustrious from old time. cherisher of strength. 1. impelled by song. deathless. Foe-slayers. Indra-Agni. O Agni. 4 Agni. with the man who lauds you comes the wakening rite: So drink ye both this juice assured. 9 Indra and Agni. he who goes before the tribes of men. 7 Best Sacrificer. bringing lauds: I choose you for the sacred food. Agni. <131> . fair to see. an eager messenger. Agni is mightiest in fame. 6 Indra and Agni. 1. unsubdued. bounteous. [03-013] HYMN XIII.

in sacrifice we mortals have wrought is all for thee. Leader of sacred rites is he. from thee come many succours. who beholdest men. Bring vigour. O Agni nobly born in body. the Priest. best of all invokers of the Gods in song. O Agni. 5 Lighting Gods hither. Thou Jatavedas who art skilled in guiding. those who know. O Holy. Shining. good Lord. 1 THE pleasant Priest is come into the synod. O Agni. the chief high saving sacrifice's Leader. to riches. thou who knowest. Worship the Gods with most devoted spirit. 4 To thee. a Priest with no unfriendly thought. whose are earth and heaven. we have this day fulfilled for thee thy longing. 6 For. What time unto the people's lands thou camest. Agni. God. strong. spreading them as the Sun of men. Agni. wise of purpose! Be thou the Friend of each good chariot's master. 4 Shine forth. best Offerer. Whence in the heavens or in the floods he shall pour wealth upon our lands. while now the morn is breaking. O Agni. and powers abundant that a God possesses. Let not a mortal's evil will obstruct us. for grace. 7 Agni. 3 He is the Sage who guides these men. [03-016] HYMN XVI. as men accept a true-born infant. a Bull invincible. 6 Swell. by the wind's paths shall haste to thee O Agni. 3 The Two who show their vigour. be thou a guardian when the Sun hath mounted. [03-014] HYMN XIV. Night and Morning. And. the Son of Strength. thou Brahman. and sit. 4 So may the gracious Agni grant most goodly shelter for our use. and bear us over trouble: Help us who long. like a car that gathers booty: bring us. my laud.1. and seat thee amid the sacred grass.. through many mornings. with lustre. serve ye well. real. the easily-invoked. O thou Bull and give those powers an impulse. faithful! Bring. among the dark ones shine forth red. Friend of Maruts. Agni. who winneth and bestoweth wealth. Most Youthful God. most wise. to this God of yours I sing aloud with utmost power. <132> . 1. lasting. these seek. to be told in thousands. with Gods in clear effulgence. To Agni. O Agni. Agni. May he come to us with the Gods. skilled in sacrifice. splendid hero strength. Agni. and succour waits upon his strength. be this thy gracious will to us-ward. victorious. strong Agni! Varuna and Mitra and all the Maruts sang a song of triumph. on the grass. immortal Agni. give wealth in cattle. hath shown on earth his lustre. grant us treasure thousandfold with children and with nourishment. O Agni. THIS Agni is the Lord of great felicity and hero Strength. Beam. Him your own Agni. Him men who bring oblations laud. To us be born a son and spreading ofrspring. 5 The singers kindle him. 7 Yea. as on two chariot-seats. Agni. 2 To thee I offer reverent speech: accept it: to thee who markest it. rich in marvels. 5 Approaching with raised hands and adoration. [03-015] HYMN XV. bliss on us. 6 Help us. the dwelling. beauteous. dispel the terrors of the fiends who hate us May lofty Agni be my guide and shelter. e'en Earth and Heaven who yield their milk in plenty. for help. wasting not away. Son of Strength. 1. to us with speech that hath no falsehood grant riches. as holy food to thine invoker. Accept. All this enjoy thou here. Agni. bring thou to us many and flawless shelters. Agni. When men adorn the Ancient with oblations. 3 Bull. whose car is lightning. true. 2 The Holy. and they who wish to gain. exalted. Lead us. the good Protector. Agni the Lord of tribes of men. O God. whose hair is flame. wisest Singer. RESPLENDENT with thy wide-extending lustre. 7 Whatever. 2 Be thou To us. a most liberal God. Ordainer.Rarth and Heaven. winning by conquest all the forts and treasures. Resplendent and without a peer through his own excellent designs.

who overcome the enemy. 4 Agni most bright and fair with song we honour. O Agni. desirous. healthgiver by his nature. and lay our sacrifice where Gods may taste it. great vital power to those who toil to serve thee. abundant. Flood us with riches yet more plenteous. and to ourselves vouchsafe the gift of glory. Agni. so far as I have power. Lord of the battles with the foe. burn up the unfriendly who are near us. bringing all treasures. nor want of hero sons. Thee. shall worship: may he obtain us boons for strength and riches. grant the Gods' kind favour. burn thou the foeman's curse who pays no worship. rich in progeny. AGNI. Agni. O Jatavedas. yet more skilled in worship. 4 Give with thy glow. well-knowing. Agni. From the right hand. In our Gods' service he. thou our enemies away. 1. and with oil. Heroes. O Agni. upon him the Prosperer in whom is bliss-increasing wealth. blest Agni! rich in progeny. thou who knowest. 5 That Priest before thee. In power of wealth most rich in men. skilled in fair rites. free from disease and full of power. Agni. he with rich presents hath arranged the worship. O Jatavedas. who orders service to the Gods. Agni. infallible. 3 Three are thy times of life. the Gods have made centre of life eternal. such art thou when duly kindled. great gtore of riches. skilful Jatavedas. So bring Most Youthful One. when lauded. the adorable. With prayer. Maruts. and the three mornings are thy births. [03-018] HYMN XVIII. deal us wealth and hero might. Nor. With these.Flame-haired. and help in stir aiid stress the man who worships. yea. O liberal Lord. Burn. Agni. Oft have we decked thy body. to bring the Gods for worship. amply with arms extended. aspect.After his custom offer. with an offering. 2 Agni. most Glorious One! [03-017] HYMN XVII. thou Son of Strength. in our sacrifice. 6 Help us to strength. thou who givest freely. for. bearing our oblation. sage. mine offering I present for strength and conquest. 3 With fuel. [03-019] HYMN XIX. he works in hero strength. So with this offering bring the Gods. 4 He who made all that lives. oil-clad. envoy. also in the praise of men. he is balmed with unguents. 1. to the Visvamitras in rest and stir. Give richly. nor to blame. have set on thee full many a brilliant. with high renown. yea. He works among the Gods. choosing the Gods' attendance. bringing weal. O Agni. 5 When Gods anoint thee Priest at their oblation. I choose to be our Priest at this oblation. Aow. 2 Wait. to thee I lift the oil-fed ladle. adoring-this hymn divine to gain a hundred treasures. 1. The races of mankind are great oppressors burn up malignity that strives against us. 2 Agni. as sire and mother. O Agni. Vasu. O Agni. 2 As thou. Drive. Son of Strength. who passes all in might. 3 Of keenest spirit is the man thou aidest give us good offspring. <133> . be thou here our kind defender. of thee. quick. Who in fights ever conquer evil-hearted men. oblation-bearer. the foolish: let thine eternal nimble beams surround thee. be kind to us when we approach thee good as a friend to friend. all-knowing. and prosper this sacrifice today as erst for Manu. to lack of cattle. bright. hast sacrificed as Priest of Earth. 5 Give us not up to indigence. DULY enkindled after ancient customs. the Good. 4 Men as they worship thee the God. O Agni. and seat thee for thy task as Sacrificer. of Heaven.Lord of wealth in herds of kine. O Bounteous One! Most lofty. the Gods' asserrigly. thou who markest well. may we sing forth fair praises. the Heavenly Host which thou to-day shalt honour. stablished of old. best skilled. very glorious. 3 As such. 5 Give us. the purifying Agni. things of beauty. messenger. Agni. Thou in the happy singer's home bestowest.

immortal. Wherewith thou hast spread wide the air's mid-region-bright is that splendour. shine richly. 4 To thee. On man. Bhaga. like Bhaga.-this as our gift we offer thee. 4 Let fires that dwell in mist. the Vasus. as holy food to thine invoker give wealth in cattle. in plants. in days of fair bright weather. as holy food to thine invoker give wealth in cattle. like a courser. 3 Agni. Agni. rich in marvels. And many charms of charmers. look thou forth with ample riches: be. the youthful. the Sage. wavy. 5 Fatness exceeding rich. 2 That light of thine in heaven and earth. and both the Asvins. to thee stream forth the drops of oil and fatness. he the Vrtra-slayer shall bear the singer safe through every trouble. three are thy tongues. O Agni. O Agni. and Jatavedas. RUBBED into life. rich in marvels. God. Brhaspati. [03-022] HYMN XXII. be this thy gracious will to us-ward [03-024] HYMN XXIV. O thou Sage. After thy wont vouchsafe to us the choicest boon that Gods may feast. and first enjoy the drops of oil and fatness. 5 I call on Savitar the God. O Purifier. 2 Three are thy powers. Devavata. 2 Both Bharatas. Here in the wasting fuel Jatavedas. Guileless accept our sacrifice. in Ila's place. extracted from the midst. manbeholding. 3 O Agni. him who shall be the people's Lord. 1. lasting. and Dadhikras. O Holy One. Winner of spoils in thousands. Agni. Thou art enkindled as the best of Seers. and Agni. <134> . the drops run down upon thy skin. thou Devasravas. O praised by poets! Accept our offering. flow the drops of fatness rich in oil. 2 For thee. Jatavedas. O Agni. Dadhikras. Deal them to each among the Gods. many. Child of Order! Three bodies hast thou which the Gods delight in: with these protect our hymns with care unceasing. 1. To us be born a son and spreading offspring. and those beneath it. 5 Agni. 3 O Agni. Jatavedas. mighty and resistless. longing to taste our sacrifice. [03-021] HYMN XXI. and in the waters. him whom his Mothers counted dear. O Priest. Ancient. those up yonder in the Sun's realm of light. Agni. too. Agni. O Agni. all-knowing. 3 Him nobly born of old the fingers ten produced.[03-020] HYMN XX Agni. 5 Agni. 1 THIS is that Agni whence the longing Indra took the pressed Soma deep within his body. have strongly rubbed to life effectual Agni. Lord of true attendants! 4 Agni. Excellent God. [03-023] HYMN XXIII. The waters. leads the godly people. All-Inspirer! have they laid in thee. Rudras and Adityas. bearer of food to feed us. shall hear us. To us be born a son and spreading offspring Agni. eternal. sit thee down before us. Devasravas. Dawn. every day. great viands free from all disease. With great light art thou come. be this thy gracious will to us-ward. Agni. lasting. Divine. Praise Devavata's Agni. come hither. WITH lauds at break of morn the priest invoketh Agni. Sarasvati. 1. Leader of sacrifice. three thy stations. With one consent the Gods whose light is splendid. to the sea of heaven thou goest: thou hast called hither Gods beheld in spirit. combined with those that have their home in floods. well stablished in the dwelling. on Apaya. 4 He set thee in the earth's most lovely station. Most Excellent! for thee the Sage are drops that drip with oil. on Morning. O Agni. SET this our sacrifice among the Immortals: be pleased with these our presents. Agni! on the rivers Drsadvati. with praise art thou exalted. many are the names thou bearest. hath assumed immortal being. yea. Help thou the sacrifice. on the Asvins. On Varuna and Mitra. he who is true to Law and guards the seasons.

the Maruts. I am light threefold. 9 The Spring that fails not with a hundred streamlets. Gathered for victory they have yoked their spotted deer. come to sacrifice at our gatherings. is kindled with the women by the Kusikas. And living men in holy rites. to drink the Soma. the finder of the light. the strong. whose promises are true.Lord through his strength. By his own nature gained the highest treasure. 1. gladsome. O Jatavedas. thou Sage. subdue opposing bands. Agni. The liberal. the Truth-speaker. Thou who art rich in food bring the Gods hither. 5 The Maruts. 2. Agni the wise bestows the might of heroes grants strengthening food. -him. bright. we invoke for help. measurer of the region exhaustless heat am I. in my mouth is nectar. 4 With all thy fires. 6 We. The Sparkler. Agni and Indra come to the offerer's house who hath the Soma. [03-027] HYMN XXVII. they. thou. preparing it for nectar. he who wakes among Immortal Gods.1. 3 Agni. exalt the songs we sing. <135> . REVERING in our heart Agni Vaisvanara. 1. 5 In the floods' home art thou enkindled. grant us heroic strength and wealth in noble steeds. Agni. deathless. joyous in his Parents' bosorn. Seat thee on this my sacred grass. wakeful One. Son of Strength. they who can ne'er be conquered. 2 Lit with libation. make the mountains shake. seeking wealth with songs. and drive our enemies away. Come. yes and the Child of Earth. [03-026] HYMN XXVI. 3 With splendour. with wealth that never fails. neighing like a horse. named burnt-oblation. the Singer prompt to hear. Earth and Heaven. Make thou us rich with many sons. as flames of fire with might. Gods. and Matarisvan worthy of the song of praise. Agni. Bring the Gods specially. roar as the lions roar. Agni. to the worshipper wealth rich in heroes. Brhaspati for man's observance of the Gods. IN ladle dropping oil your food goes in oblation up to heaven. Vaisvanara. plenteous store. Agni. lights Earth and Heaven. Exalting with thine help the gatheringplaces. who callest Gods to feast. 4 Let them go forth. sate ye. Agni. 4 Come to the sacrifice. car-borne God we Kusikas invoke him with oblation. 7 Agni am I who know. boon-givers of good gifts. [03-025] HYMN XXV. who knowest all things. May Agni. Son of Strength. Masters of all wealth. for worship. 5 Grant. Pourers of floods. eternal. O Agni. immortal Goddesses gracious to all men. Friends of men. 2 That Agni. Accept our sacrifice with joy. friendly-minded. With spotted deer for steeds. band on band and troop following troop. Agni. splendid through adorations. 3 Age after age Vaisvanara. thou who art worshipped. infallible. 8 Bearing in mind a thought with light accordant. he purified the Sun with three refinings. with all the Gods. wise Ones. are glorious as the fire: their mighty and resplendent succour we implore. Father inspired of' prayers that men should utter. by birth. all creatures. Mine eye is butter. slay godless foes: give splendour to the worshipper. AGNI. Agni. entreat with fair lauds Agni's splendour and the Maruts' might. THOU art the sapient Son of Dyaus. Invincible. 1. and looked abroad over the earth and heaven. Those storming Sons of Rudra clothed in robes of rain. the swiftly-moving guest.

2 1n the two fire-sticks Jatavedas lieth. AGNI who knowest all. meet for praise. [03-028] HYMN XXVIII. 4 Kindled at sacrifices he is Agni. and die Sire of active strength. the swift and active One. enjoy the cake of meal and our oblation three days old: Thou. Agni. art stablished at our sacrifice. the sages in assemblies never minish the portion due to thee the Mighty. Sacrificer. Eagerly kindle with their food. 13 Meet to be lauded and adored. worshipping here with holy thought. accept our offering and the cake of meal. God. wise. Son of Strength. O strengthened by the sage's prayer. at time of sacrifice. longing. watchful and fraught with riches. here tinder made ready for the spark. Agni. thou. the Strong. O Most Youthful God. [03-029] HYMN XXIX. accept our gifts. And that prepared ere yesterday. Agni. The Germ of beings have I gained. Urging the great assembly on. I glorify. shining far. O Bull. Who listens and gives bounteous gifts. the cake. the Sage inspired. thou. Agni. The wise of heart. 1. 5 O Agni. Through skill in song bear to the Gods our sacrifice. 10 Thee have I stablished. Have brought this Agni for our aid. 4 Here at the midday sacrifice enjoy thou the sacrificial cake. Yea. 2 Agni I laud. bears The gifts of sacrifice away. 8 Strong. 6 O waxing Agni. 1. the sacrificial cake hath been prepared and dressed for thee: Accept it. 12 Agni the Son of Strength who shines up to the heaven in solemn rites. hallower. rich in prayer! 2 Agni. Thee. Agni who day by day must be exalted by men who watch and worship with oblations. nobly bright. to Immortal God. with wondrous power he leads the way. Son of Strength. even as the well-set germ in pregnant women. at the third libation takewith joy the offered cake of sacrifice. HERE is the gear for friction. like a horsebearer of the Gods: Men with oblations worship him. 3 Agni.Goes to the Gods in search of bliss. 6 The priests with ladles lifted up. well worshipped. 14 Agni is kindled as a bull. shining mightily. 11 Agni. he was made by thought. crowner of sacrifice through song. Excellent. enrobed with oil. of all. With flame for hair: to him we seek. 5 Immortal Agni. Agni. showing in beauty through the dark. At dawn's libation. he is set on deeds ofstrength. Jatavedas! Agni. As Singer he completes the rite. <136> . knower. In sacrifices led in front. singers. Then should we overcome our foes. we who are Bulls ourselves. Thee. Bring thou the Matron: we will rub Agni in ancient fashion forth. 7 Immortal. 15 Thee will we kindle as a bull. is kindled well. 3 O Agni. if we might obtain control of thee the potent God. 9 Excellent.

[03-030] HYMN XXX. the guileless. and for the pious bring the Gods. The pressing-stones are set and fire is kindled. O Priest. ye men. red in colour. O Indra. go thy bolt of thunder! Slay those who meet thee. Maghavan. a Sage. the bountiful. surely hast thou toiled: come thou unto the Soma. 7 The man to whom thou givest as Provider enjoys domestic plenty undivided. Bright. first ensign of the sacrifice to eastward. shalt serve them with oblation: Agni. thine own place. 6 Forthwith thy Bay steeds down the steep. Thou. he hath. onslaughts who attack the foe. together grasp the Babe. those born the first of all knew the full power of prayer. unfailing. and. upon the central point of earth. 5 Rub into life. thou goest forth alone destroying Vrtras. 11 As Germ Celestial he is called Tanunapat. 16 As we. unwedded and united. Formed in his Mother he is Matarisvan. the Conqueror with mighty jaws. as adorable and knowing all things. The Kusikas have made the glorious hymn ascend. 2 Not far for thee are mid-air's loftiest regions: start hither. 4 In Ila's place we set thee down. Lord of Bays. for all our wisdom comes from thee. 10 This is thine ordered place of birth whence sprung to life thou shonest forth. crushing foemen. as it were upon the Atvins' path. in. the Singar praised by sages. Agni. bring forth the most propitious Agni. dear to Gods. Immortal.-where now. make sacrifices good. laid down with careful hand. wise and knowing all. mighty. sit thee down. the Sage. Gods set at solemn rites as offeringbearer. What once thou didst in might when mortals vexed thee. For him who followeth thy Law the mountains and heaven and earth stand as if firmly stablished. observant: lay down the sacrifice in the home of worship. become the rapid flight of wind. 7 Agni shines forth when born. That. 14 Served by the seven priests. THE friends who offer Soma long to find thee: they pour forth Soma and present their viands. and prosper thou the songs we sing. strong in action. in his course. thou mayst bear our offerings to the Gods. the new-born Infant. since from the Asura's body hewas brought to life. The sisters ten. 12 With strong attrition rubbed to life. Much-invoked! in safety through thy glories alone thou speakest truth as Vrtra's slayer. Lord of a great host. Much-invoked! brings gifts in thousands. have elected thee this day. Whom. 1. Made for the Firm and Strong are these libations. my fellow-workers! Ye shall attain to wealth without obstruction. 8 Set thee. very wise and fair to look on. who follow: make all thy promise true. he shone forth from ancient time. when in his Mother's bosom. O Indra. Blest. 15 Even as the Maruts. O men. and Narasamsa born diffused in varied shape. have kindled fire. 6 When with their arms they rub him straight he shineth forth like a strong courser. With his red pillar-radiant is his splendour -in our skilled task is born the Son of Ila. what time thou graspest them. overthrowing what hath ne'er been shaken. 5 Yea. They bear unmoved the cursing of the people. what time the solemn sacrifice began. in her lap. Agni Jatavedas. 3 Fair cheeks hath Indra. those who flee. So surely hast thou worshipped. Knowing this. be all completed. Stormer. Agni. E'en these two boundless worlds to thee. the Victor. lie passeth by the stones and burneth up the grass. Indra. <137> . This Agni is the battle-winning Hero by whom the Gods have overcome the Dasyus. he glowed. 9 Raise ye a mighty smoke. 13 Mortals have brought to life the God Immortal.3 Lay this with care on that which lies extended: straight hath she borne the Steerwhen made prolific. Indra. give long life to the sacrificer. O Bull. observant. is thy favour dropping fatness: thy worship. with thy Bay Horses. checkless. each one singly in his home. forth. are but a handful. O Indra. are those thy hero exploits? 4 For. in the wood. Giving delight each day he closeth not his eye. O Priest observant.

21 Lord of the kine. The Strong who listens. 19 Bestow on us resplendent wealth. thou seatest thee at many noble viands. bring thou near us from the air's mid-region strength. as a sire. <138> . to see his child prolific. In the floods' van she led them forth. unripe. grant gifts of cattle. one promoted. it. 13 Men gladly in the course of night would look on the broad bright front of the refulgent Morning. These must be slain by thee. Loud-breathing praises helped the Much-invoked One. Fain. All sweetness is collected in the Heifer. Kusikas have brought their gift. the Pair who meet together. 20 With kine and horses satisfy this longing with very splendid bounty skill extend it. 12 Surya transgresses not the ordered limits set daily by the Lord of Tawny Coursers. light-footed: she who well knew came first unto their lowing. 6 When Sarama had found the mountain's fissure. vast. How long hast thou bebaved as one who wavers? Cast thy hot dart at him who hates devotion: 18 When borne by strong Steeds for our weal. O thou Treasure-Lord of treasures. he made a home to hold him who should gain. sweetness which Indra made for our enjoyment. O Indra. wins and gathers riches. By thee sent onward let the floods flow hither. unbounded. 7 Longing for friendship came the noblest singer: the hill poured forth its treasure for the pious. smotest dead the scorner. Thou with might. in silence I yielded in fear before thy blow. 2 The Son left not his portion to the brother. on thy car. of the good pair one acted. What time his Parents gave the Priest his being. when she comes in glory. When to the goal he comes. 16 A cry is beard from enemies most near us: against them send thy fiercest-flaming weapon. O Hero. burst the kine's stable open: cows shall be ours. who slays the Vrtras. fulfil it. great the Bays' Lord's approach through sacrifices. who gives aid in battles. 11 Indra alone filled full the earth and heaven.8 Thou. O Leader. best Hero in this fight where spoil is gathered. thy home is heaven: to us. teaching. Rend them from under. 10 He who withheld the kine. armed with ill arts. aid friends to sacrifice and him who singeth. advances. he sped to meet her with an eager spirit. Indra. his Steeds he looses: this is Indra's doing. 5 The sages freed them from their firmbuilt prison: the seven priests drove them forward with their spirit. O Indra let us enjoy thine overflow of bounty. 9 Thou hast established in her seat. full of knowledge. our quiverbearing foemen. Seeking the light. following the thought of Order. O Indra. Indra. O Indra. shared these deeds through worship. 4 Conquering bands upon the Warrior waited: they recognized great light from out the darkness. And all acknowledge. crush them and subdue them. Yea. [03-031] HYMN XXXI. Wide as a sea our longing hath expanded. so that the Red's great children should be honoured. and wholesome food. 3 Agni was born trembling with tongue that flickered. He made paths easy to drive forth the cattle. Maghavan. with hymns to thee. and strength that wins the booty. and the sole Master of the kine was Indra. that vast and ancient place she plundered thoroughly. that born of them is mighty. All holy Order's pathway they discovered he. the singers. The conscious Dawns went forth to meet his coming. Much-invoked! didst crush to pieces Kunaru handless fiend who dwelt with Danu. 15 Barring the way they come. 1. Be firm. the manifold and goodly works of Indra. May Indra be our wealth with store of children. Indra. WISE. O Indra. auspicious Indra. malignant mortals. Great is their germ. the footless Vrtra as he waxed in vigour. rich in treasures. the sonless gained a grandson from his daughter. whose might is true. The Bull hath propped the heaven and air's mid-region. his journey ended. Slay. May we be winners of abundant riches. O Indra rend it in front and crush it in the middle. vigorous. Hero. O Maghavan. the level earth. and make the fiends our booty. 17 Root up the race of Raksasas. 14 A mighty splendour rests upon her bosom: bearing ripe milk the Cow. 22 Call we on Maghavan.

meal-blent. and nights they speed the swift streams onward. all creatures doth he know. and straightway Angiras was singing praises. that Vrtra-slayer. he set the waters flowing. Be thou. By the wise cleansings of the meath made holy. to pierce the earth and heaven. who gives the power of living. DRINK thou this Soma. O Maghavan. Bull dear to all. through days. Our leader. 18 Be Lord of joyous songs. Lord of Bays. 13 What time the ample chalice had impelled him. from harm. Maghavan. yea. drink. The while thy ovely storming Friends. widely spread. and give us. here loose thy two Bay Horses and rejoice thee. By them impelled to act he reached the vitals Of Vrtra. make us win spoil of cattle. excited with song the meath-created strength of Indra. noble and far-extending. and. liberal Giver. though he deemed that none might wound him. they bade the heroes rouse them. we have poured forth the Soma for thy rapture. fail to attain the measure of thy greatness. and. hastening. vast. I crave thy mighty friendship: full many a team goes to the Vrtra-slayer. both of them sanctified by Surya's bounty. sitting. and Sun and Morning. with the Rudras. Drink thou. For him the Cow. best Hero in this fight where spoil is gathered. us hath he thrown open all his portals. drink till thou art sated. that move together. 12 They made a mansion for their Father. 20 Far forth are spread the purifying waters convey thou us across them unto safety. heaven's light to help m. 3 Those who gave increase to thy strength and vigour. mighty. auspicious Indra.Him in whom blameless songs are all united: all powers invincible belong to Indra. O fair of cheek. 19 Like Angiras I honour him with worship. Puffing thy cheeks. 16 Vast. for enduring hero might. O Indra. with Rudras banded. 14 I crave thy powers. sent life and motion to his friends and lovers. 8 Peer of each noble thing. <139> . fixed him there erected. all excelling. 4 They. making with hymns a way to life eternal. Indra 1. Indra. [03-032] HYMN XXXII. soon. godless. through the black hosts he passed with red attendants.The Hero with young followers fought and conquered. When the kine showed. O Indra. whereby they sought to gain the months through Order. rich dominion. 6 When thou didst loose the streams to run like racers in the swift contest. while hymns of praise rose up and gifts were offered. O Indra. we seek the Princes' favour. bringing oil and sweetness. deftly provided him a great and glorious dwelling. like a man. the House-Friend. the fire. 15 He. and renovate old song for him the Ancient. O Indra. as Friend he saved his lovers from dishonour. 11 Indra drove forth the kine. very soon. fain for war. having found great. our guard and keeper. splendid. e'en Vrtra's slayer. The Strong who listens. the Soma. O Indra. kept the Goddesses encompassed. 17 To thee proceed the dark. Indra. Knit with the prayer-fulfilling band of Maruts. 10 Drawing the milk of ancient seed prolific. whose hand wields thunder. with our libation. 9 They sate them down with spirit fain for booty. moved by sacrifice come hither: thou with the Swift Ones stirrest floods and waters. 22 Call we on Maghavan. poured pleasant juices. the Maruts singing forth thy might. Mighty One. impetuous. having smitten Vrtra With flying weapon where he lay. they joyed as they beheld their own possession. 21 His kine their Lord hath shown. who slays the Vrtras. singing from heaven. yea. 5 Pleased. wins and gathers riches. with mighty succours. 2 Quaff it pure. even the Maruts who were there. the treasure-holders. Great is the laud. Save us. to. all-lucid. drink thou the draught of noonday which thou Iovest. O Vrtra-slayer. Come unto us with thine auspicious friendship. who gives aid in battles. at our noon libation. Teaching us pleasant things by holy Order. he slayeth Susna. Their shout of triumph heated earth and heaven. And this is still their place of frequent session. mixt with milk. Indra who shone together with the Heroes begot the song. Chase thou the many godless evil creatures. our Charioteer. Lord of Soma. swift waxing. With firm support parted and stayed the Parents.

8 Many are Indra's nobly wrought achievements. O Indra. [03-033] HYMN XXXIII. O singer. and. puissant God. Savitar. 3 I have attained the most maternal River. Then may lie safely bear us over trouble. 17 Call we on Maghavan. as in a ship. that soon as born thou drankest up the Soma. With hymn sublime soliciting your favour Kusika's son hath called unto the River. to rejoice him. 14 I have brought forth a song when longing seized me: ere the decisive day will I laud Indra. And when thou hadst pervaded earth and heaven thou wast the first supporter of the singer. <140> . The Strong who listens. 4 We two who rise and swell with billowy waters move forward to the home which Gods have made us. He smote away the obstructors with his thunder. 10 Yea. he begot the Sun and Morning. auspicious Indra. more mighty. thou breakest e'en the firm built stall of cattle. who gives aid in battles. best Hero in this fight where spoil is gathered. O singer. nor the nights. who slays the Vrtras. In hymns. and eager for their course forth flowed the waters. Bow lowly down. the lovely-handed. him who stayed our currents. led us. Humble us not mid men. O Worshipful. the warrior band. a moment in your journey. the blessed. O lucid Streams. we have approached Vipas. 6 Indra who wields the thunder dug our channels: he smote down Vrtra. Indra. show us thy loving kindness. nor conceived the might of him the Holy. To thee be honour! 9 List quickly. The heaven itself attained not to thy greatness when with one hip of thine the earth was shadowed. Rivers. when both sides invocate him. Since here incited. each of you seeks the other. urged on and sped by Indra. the dear oblation with the flowing Soma. God. Flowing together. by lauds of later time and days yet recent. O bard. slewest. nor the months. 10 As soon as thou wast born in highest heaven thou drankest Soma to delight thee. swelling with your billows. eager as two swift mares with loosened rein contending. Sisters. for thy friends. 2 Impelled by Indra whom ye pray to urge you. eternal. What would the singer. Like two bright mother cows who lick their youngling. be easy to be traversed stay. will I bend me. 11 Thou. 15 Full is his chalice: Glory! Like a pourer I have filled up the vessel for his drinking. 7 That hero deed of Indra must be lauded for ever that he rent Ahi in pieces. Holy Ones. Low. 12 Sacrifice. great and sublime. Then let your streams flow on in rapid motion. Him magnified by ancient songs and praises. Presented on the right. is thy true greatness. which future generations shall reecho. FORTH from the bosom of the mountains. I crave your favour who deserve our worship. we will listen to thy words. and at his sending forth we flow expanded. calling to the Rivers? 5 Linger a little at my friendly bidding rest. with your floods below our axles. to the bard who cometh to you from far away with car and wagon. With wain and car from far away thou comest. ye move as 'twere on chariots to the ocean. 16 Not the deep-flowing flood. Vipas and Sutudri speed down their waters. Licking as 'twere their calf the pair of Mothers flow onward to their common home together. Indra. with worship help our worship. Days may not check the power of thee the Mighty. Ahi showing his strength when couched around the waters. made thee wax so mighty. no. Indra. everyouthful. Our flood may not be stayed when urged to motion. and yield me as a maiden to her lover. Indra. still for new blessings may I turn him hither.7 With reverence let us worship mighty Indra. doer of marvels. wins and gathers riches. 1. the broad. for worship helped thy bolt when slaying Ahi. He beareth up this earth and heaven. and none of all the Gods transgress his statutes. like a nursing mother. 13 With sacrifice and wish have I brought Indra. nor autumns. O Much-invoked One! not hills that compass thee about restrain thee. 8 Never forget this word of thine. 9 Herein. hither. 11 Soon as the Bharatas have fared across thee. Whose greatness the dear world-halves have not measured. dear Soma juices have brought us Indra. O Guileless One.

and gave protection to the Aryan colour. 6 Thine is this Sorna: hasten to approach it. benevolent. [03-034] HYMN XXXIV. set free thy Tawny Horses. his band Indra encompassed Vrtra. with all-surpassing prowess. be thou gracious. spare the thongs. Bull of Godlike nature. Mounting thy firm and easy car. Lord of Wealth. pressed is the Soma. He who burns fierce in forests slaughtered Vyamsa. Swell with your billows. Sublime One. and widely spread these Dawns' resplendent colour. Vala he cleft. are these gifts presented. and take these drops into thy belly. who gives aid in battles. Come. weak grew the wily leader of enchanters. who listens. O Indra. For man the days' bright ensign he illumined. O Indra. thy vigorous and smooth-backed Coursers. O Waters. drink thereof. MOUNT the Bay Horses to thy chariot harnessed. hasting. 3 Bring the strong Steeds who drink the warm libation. the winner of the light and Godlike Waters. he smote the Dasyus. These holy songs he taught the bard who gaised him. foreseeing. Immortal. 8 This the sweet draught. the God who is invoked by many. he hath filled earth and heaven.12 The warrior host. Indra who rules the people gave freedom to the Gods by might and battle. 5 Forward to fiercely falling blows pressed Indra. 9 The Maruts. and chased away opponents: thus was he tamer of the overweening. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. Wise singers glorify with chanted praises these his achievements in Vivasvan's dwelling. harmless and sinless. 10 He took the plants and days for his possession. the many glorious deeds performed by Indra. and come to us like Vayu with his coursers. conquered. [03-035] HYMN XXXV Indra. 2 For him. wins and gathers treasures. and cease not. Impelled by prayer and waxen great in body. fared over the singer won the favour of the Rivers. Hail. the grain is ready for thy Bays to feed on. Pass by them all and hasten onward hither: with Soma pressed we will prepare to feast thee. days' Creator. friendly-minded. herolike doing many hero exploits. 11 Call we on Maghavan. the Strong. the waters. Indra. and made the Milch-kine of the nights apparent. and roll swiftly onward. fleet friendly Bays who take their joy together. Treasure of gold he won. Indra with lightnings hath o'ercome the Dasa. e'en to this sacrifice arranged completely. who slays the Vrtras. -in Indra they rejoice who love devotions. and ye. with cows. through wondrous arts crushed the malignant Dasyus. That they in fleet course may bring Indra hither. and. thou art equally the Leader of heavenly hosts and human generations. who made thee strong and were thine army. 5 No other worshippers must stay beside them thy Bays. the victory-giver. 6 They laud the mighty acts of him the Mighty. Indra. the two swift Bay Steeds to the pole I harness. 4 Those who are yoked by prayer I harness. he gained the forest trees and air's mid-region. the Bharatas. and roasted grain like this consume thou daily. FORT-RENDER. Let thy Steeds eat. knowing well the ways thou goest. 13 So let your wave bear up the pins. the men. hostile bands with those who loved him. Thou. have for thee made ready. Conqueror. pouring riches. auspicious Indra. light-winner. 7 The grass is strewn for thee. We have poured it for thy rapture. 2 I stimulate thy zeal. The Strong. wise and all-knowing come thou to the Soma. Indra. and found the light for his joy and gladness. And never may the pair of Bulls. 3 Leading. hastening to us.- <141> . Sit on the sacred grass at this our worship. victorious. 7 Lord of the brave. 4 Indra. strong. 1. the Hero decking my song of praise forth. girt by Maruts. dispelling foemen. the Bounteous Giver. 9 He gained possession of the Sun and Horses. the very mighty. To thee who lovest them. they with whom thou sharedst Soma. 8 Excellent. He in his strength. Indra. the mountains. waste away. shalt drink the Soma. 1. Indra. Drink thou thereof. Indra obtained the Cow who feedeth many. He who hath won this broad earth and this heaven. Fill full your channels.

Of Indra who supports mankind. 4 Great and impetuous. fills him.With these accordant. who gives aid in battles. 9 Then bring thou hither. 7 Eager to mingle with the sea. When Indra had consumed the first sweet viands. powers which thou mid the Five Races hast displayed<142> . 2 For Indra were the Somas erst. may those who praise thee hitherward. both Somas of old time and these we bring thee. Indra. [03-036] HYMN XXXVI. for the strength that slays Vrtra and conquers in the fight. his cows are many with abundant offspring. O Indra. 10 Drink. vigilant. O Sakra. 2 O Indra. bright. 1. who slays the Vrtras. his steers have vigour. after slaying Vrtra. 4 We strive for glory through the powers immense of him whom many praise. Lord of Hundred Powers. grant us abundant wealth that brings all blessings. he contains libations in abundance. Lord of Hundred Powers. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. whereby he grew strong-jointed. so to the sea. from the Adhvaryu's hand or from the Hotar's.discovered. Maghavan. who slays the Vrtras. he hath become renowned by mighty exploits. Indra. We turn thee hitherward to us. 8 Like lakes appear his flanks filled full with Soma: yea. 3 O Indra. O fair-checked Indra. That splendid gift which is thine own. O thou Holy. Indra is our kind Lord. Maghavan. fain thyself to share it.gives aid in battles. the Lord of wealth and treasure. 10 O Indra. Indra. exceeding strong. To win us booty in the wars. wins and gathers riches. mighty-voiced in battle. 11 Call we on Maghavan. make this oblation which we bring effective. in glories where the fight is won. Lord of Hundred Powers. who listens. so drink to-day. 7 In splendid combats of the hosts. the Soma. Indra . WITH constant succours. auspicious. meet for praises. the rivers carry the well-pressed Soma juice to Indra. Grown great through strengthening gifts at each libation. quick-banded. surpassing power is his. 1. eagerly desirous drink thou this Soma with the tongue of Agni. and strength resistless. Indra. that which the strong have shaken. Lord of the Tawny Coursers. auspicious Indra. Vaster is Indra even than his dwelling. 9 O Satakratu. Even as thou drankest. [03-037] HYMN XXXVII. Direct thy spirit and thine eye. 11 Call we on Indra. 5 For Vrtra's slaughter I address Indra whom many invocate. store of heroes. Give us a hundred autumns for our lifetime: give us. the waters. O INDRA. earlier Somas. Indra. The Strong. We seek thee. and skilful. Accept the sacrificial gift. The Strong. Lord of Hundred Powers. 8 Drink thou the Soma for our help. wins and gathers riches. take quickly these presented juices: drink of the strong. 3 Drink and wax great. Indra. with all our songs we invocate Thy names for triumph over foes. O Indra. 6 As floods according to their stream flow onward. impetuous mover. what time the stalk milked out. who. or by the tongue of Agni. of the juice by thine own nature. Thine are the juices. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. vouchsafe to us. as borne on cars. 5 Mighty and strong he waxed for hero exploit: the Bull was furnished a Sage's wisdom. vast. and let none prevent it: we know thee well. that Vrtra may be slain. who listens. 6 In battles be victorious. claimed the Soma. Indra. be victor over foes. a new guest. They drain the stalk out with their arms. Him the broad earth hath never comprehended when Somas cheered the Lord of Tawny Coursers. he. and cleanse it with a stream of mead and filters.

whose voice is like a herdsman's. From days of old ye Kings. they decked the heaven and earth for high dominion. Their strengthener was Indra the Majestic he spread their stalls of kine the Wonder-Worker. 9 Call we on Maghavan. Maghavan. The Strong. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. but good at rescue are the Vasus. [03-039] HYMN XXXIX. accept from thy most zealous poet. wherever be thy home. I long to see the sages full of wisdom. wins and gathers riches. his work. auspicious Indra. fixed their broad expanses. the Asura's mighty figure: he. 3 The Mother of the Twins hath borne Twin Children: my tongue's tip raised itself and rested silent. There saw I. he held in his right hand. by hymns of sacrifice have won dominion. 6 Indra found meath collected in the milch-cow. 10 Call we on Indra. 3 Assuming in this world mysterious natures. These are thy heart-sought strengthening directions. on his knees he sought the cattle. Auspicious. 9 Fulfil. the Couple newly born attain their beauty. built with praises. <143> . in the Holy synod. ye honour with your presence. who gives aid in battles. who gives aid in battles. two Sons of Heaven.These. To Indra from the heart the hymn proceedeth. set the great worlds apart held firm for safety. do I claim of thee. That which lay secret. wins and gathers riches. great glory hast thou gained. Indra. yea. 4 Not one is found among them. ye twain. He covers both all-fostering worlds with praises even as a woman cherishes her children. 1. Indra. discerning it from darkness: may we be far removed from all misfortune. who slays the Vrtras. come to us thence. Indra. hidden in the waters. 1. That is the Bull's. in the cow's place of pasture. Sakra. These songs. recited. O Soma-drinker. sting aloud in holy synod. HASTING like some strong courser good at drawing. to him the Lord. wakening. The wakening song sung forth in holy synod: that which is born for thee. The Strong. the rich rewarder. the Milch-cow. a thought have I imagined like a workman. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. the skilful workers shaped a form around him. and they have come to be sky's upholders. Great woe comes even from the hostile mortal. Gandharvas in their course with wind-blown tresses. come from far away. who listens. 7 He took the light. Navagvas. Or. here with the strong Bull's divers forms they stablished. omniform. auspicious. who listens. Pondering what is dearest and most noble. cheered by Soma. this is the ancient hymn of our forefathers. 7 That same companionship of her. hath reached the eternal waters. Killing the darkness at the light's foundation. 2 Ask of the sages' mighty generations firm-minded and devout they framed the heaven. to blame our sires who fought to win the cattle. with heroes. [03-038] HYMN XXXVIII. Indra. [03-040] HYMN XL. all. 8 Let no one here debar me from enjoying the golden light which Savitar diffuses. going thither in the spirit. the Great. these are his many draughts that lent him vigour. 2 Born from the heaven e'en in the days aforetime. the Ancient: as heavenly blessing keep your guard around us. verily with ten Dasagvas Indra found the Sun lying hidden in the darkness. 5 Where as a Friend with friendly men. by foot and hoof. 10 Indra. There. O Indra. Indra. O Thunder-armed. notice. 5 First the more ancient Bull engendered offspring. Enduing still some new celestial figure. Measured with measures. clad in white and shining raiment. piled up. 8 Let there be light through both the worlds for worship: may we be far from most overwhelming evil. Win splendid fame which none may mar We make thy might perpetual. 6 Three seats ye Sovrans. Indra. who slays the Vrtras. many. 4 Even as he mounted up they all adorned him: self-luminous he travels clothed in splendour. All the wise Gods behold his varied actions who stands erect. none of mortals. 11 Come to us either from anear.

which never fail: He drinks the Soma and is strong 8 From far away. Indra. favouring us. Sage! <144> . and resolute in battles.1. 4 Lord of the brave. dearly loving thee. 9 May long-maned Coursers. Indra. 9 When from the space between the near and far thou art invoked by us. Thence. from near at hand. Hero. THEE. 4 Hither with songs of praise we call Indra to drink the Soma juice: Will he not come to us by lauds? 5 Indra. 5 Our hymns caress the Lord of Strength. vast. bleat with milk: Come. what time the Soma is expressed. [03-042] HYMN XLII. these Somas are expressed. Indra. is thy gift. Thunder-armed Come. Song-loving Indra. pressed out with stones: Wilt thou not drink thy fill thereof? 3 To Indra have my songs of praise gone forth. 3 Indra. bring thee on swift car hitherward. drinker of the Soma's juice. placed on the grass. Indra. Indra. hitherward to me. with these hymns. 1. 8 O thou to whom thy Bays are dear. 4 O Vrtra-slayer. sing thee hymns Thou. O thou who hearest prayer are offered: seat thee on the grass. the Bull. with all the Gods promote our wealth-bestowing sacrifice. to Sorna. 1. Soma the most excellent: Thine are the drops celestial. thou Prince of Wealth. enjoy the offered cake. dropping oil. Indra. Indra. 7 We. Thou highly-lauded Lord of men. INVOKED to drink the Soma juice. The pressing-stones were set at morn. To turn him to the Soma-draught. O Vrtra-slayer. Indra. be thou pleased with these libations. Lord Of Hundred Powers. 6 We know thee winner of the spoil. Indra. come thou hitherward. Vasu. bearing oblation. pour down drink that satisfies. So drink thou of the savoury juice. Lord divine. as mother-cows their calf. to seat thee on the grass. 7 To Indra go the treasures of the worshipper. come with thy Bay Steeds. Indra. COME to the juice that we have pressed. Lord of hymns: with streams of meath thou art bedewed Our glory. 6 Delight thee with the juice we pour for thine own great munificence: Yield not thy singer to reproach. 6 Drink our libation. Take them within thy belly. thus rapidly sent hence. true to time. The bright drops to thy dwelling-place. the grass is regularly strewn. loose not thy Horses far from us: Here glad thee. take juice. with our lauds. 3 These prayers. whom many laud. come to us: Accept the songs we sing to thee. to this gladdening drink. dearly lovest us. accept the strength-conferring Soma juice: Quaff. thy Bay-drawn car! 2 Come. Indra. Indra. Indra. 2 Our priest is seated. we invoke. [03-041] HYMN XLI. to thee proceed these drops of Soma juice expressed. 5 Within thy belly. 2 Indra.

For these our hymns are calling thee. 'gainst him who calls it his. make me. with thy Bay Steeds come:. <145> . girt with the bright. hear his friend's adoration. I urge the Soma for thy draught: Deep in thy heart let it remain. presenting oil to feed thee. companions of thy banquet. thinking. Joying thereat. 5 Wilt thou not make me guardian of the people. joyous. drink. that which the Falcon brought thee when thou longedst. above all glories waxest great.Therefore thy blessing we implore. brake the strongholds and drave the floods. God. who listens. waxen in thy strength. of most glorious fame. good Leader. Indra disclosed. Let no men cheek thy course as fowlers stay the bird: pass o'er them as o'er desert lands. Indra. let thy two Bay Stallions bear thee hither. the Ancient One. Indra. 2 He who slew Vrtra. He takes his golden weapon. May this delightsome Soma be expressed for thee by tawny stones. 2 In love thou madest Usas glow. O thou whom many praise. 3 Pleased. in love thou madest Surya shine. for thee. Indra. with tawny steeds drave forth the kine. Disclosed the Soma juice pressed out by tawny stones. Indra. their ruler? Make me a Rsi having drunk of Soma? Wilt thou not give me wealth that lasts for ever? 6 Yoked to thy chariot. hymns formed for praise. who gives aid in battles. with thy Bay Steeds. 8 Indra. be thou most swift to hear our call. For with my thoughts. The Strong. wins and gathers riches. Lord of Tawny Steeds. 1. 5 Indra. this juice which we have pressed. Friend. Loose for the sacred grass thy dear companions. may Indra. like water-brooks that reach the lake. 9 We call on thee. In whose wild joy thou stirrest up the people. 7 Borne hither by thy Stallions. 8 Call we on Indra. for wealth to satisfy our wish. in whose wild joy thou didst unbar the cow-stalls. the tree for ripened fruit. 5 The bright. [03-045] HYMN XLV. passing by many people. Shake. [03-044] HYMN XLIV. earth with her tints of green and goldThe golden Pair yield Indra plenteous nourishment: between them moves the golden One. with Bay Steeds. Like the milch-cows that go well-guarded to the mead. COME hither. to drink the Soma juice. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. the golden thunder in his arms. with tails like peacocks' plumes. 1. in thine own place. like kine thou cherishest thy might. Indra who mounts his chariot at his Bay Steeds' cry. O Indra. These men who bring oblation call thee hither. as with hooks. Lord of Tawny Steeds. impetuous Maghavan. knowing. Pleased with the corn-blent offering which we bring thee. Indra. Makhavan. our share. O Indra. Indra. Indra. thy dear companions. ascend thy golden-coloured car. 4 When born to life the golden Bull illumines all the realm of light. Indra. led thy tall Bays. 4 Bring thou us wealth with power to strike. bear thee hither. 2 Come our true Friend. MOUNTED upon thy chariot-seat approach us: thine is the Sorna-draught from days aforetime. Who from of old press to heaven's farthest limits. the Bull's impetuous and well-groomed Horses. come with thy two Bay Steeds to our devotions. Indra. 3 Like pools of water deep and full. Indra. [03-043] HYMN XLIII. 3 The heaven with streams of golden hue. shatters e'en things that stand most firm. Indra. 1. Thou. soliciting thy friendship. So. Mingled with barley and with milk. auspicious. who slays the Vrtras. burst the cloud. self-ruling Lord art thou. the well-loved thunderbolt. We Kusikas who seek thine aid. 4 Yea. I call thee to the feast of sweet libations. well limbed and good to draw. 7 Drink of the strong pressed out by strong ones. come quickly to this our sacrifice that heightens worship.

the victory-giver. Marut-girt. Indra. our pressed-out Soma. the Warrior. fain to taste it. engendered. and on her breast beheld the pungent Soma. <146> . 5 Call we on Maghavan. him let us call to grant us new protection. like Dhisana he deals forth strength and riches. Indra. 1. The Strong. drive away assailants and make us safe on every side from danger. the Dame who bare thee. for none may be his equal. fair. yea. with friendly Gods. with the banded Maruts. according to thy longing. Indra. which the earth and heaven bear for thee as a mother bears her infant. the high back of the region. Indra. Indra. wins and gathers treasure. auspicious Indra. 2 That day when thou wast born thou. Lord of Bays! in winning cattle. Drink thou thy fill. Mighty Lord. 4 Drink Soma. poured for thee in thy mighty Father's dwelling. gathering spoil. Whom. auspicious Indra. he moved on. SOON as the young Bull sprang into existence he longed to taste the pressed-out Soma's liquor. 4 Fierce. hath shortened the Dasyu's life with Warriors bold of spirit. the Soma. drink Soma. To he invoked in war like Bhaga. 2 Great art thou. most vigorous. who slays the Vrtras. The undecaying One who wields the thunder. 4 Supporting heaven. as 'twere. Heaven and Earth. for joy. Father. Gods. Wise. who listens. DRINK. bore off the Soma and in beakers drank it. who listens. verily none subdueth in the battle. formed by a Master's hand. strength-giver. and now rejoice in thee. strengthened thee at Ahi's slaughter. passing wise. keeping aloof the others. 2 Indra. subduing others. Sovran Ruler. vigorous Hero! Adhvaryus purify for thee to drink of. 4 To Indra. in whom all people who drink the Soma have attained their longing. drankest the plant's milk which the mountains nourish. [03-049] HYMN XLIX. accordant. most heroic. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. Indra. first. joyous and fierce. as wise Vrtra-slayer. the celestial Ruler. the holy Singers. 'Gainst Sambara. for rapture even as thou listest. 1. rainer down of blessings. 3 And. the well of holy thoughts. [03-047] HYMN XLVII. Slay thou our foemen. drinker at due seasons. This they send forth to thee. That milk thy Mother first. and the Gods. drink in season. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. Impetuous Indra in his might cxccedcth wide vast mid-air and heaven and earth together. he framed his body even as he listed. 5 The Bull whose strength hath waxed. the Sun's creator. E'en from his birth-time Indra conquered Tvastar. Indra. Maghavan. renowned and great. as Bull. of surpassing vigour. Thyself alone the universe's Sovran: so send forth men to combat and to rest them. O fierce One. reaching far. Illumining the nights. flow forth from days of old the Soma juices. of the goodly mixture blent with Soma. quickly conquering. prompt to hear. of hymns. whom Maruts follow. The Strong. 3 He hath surpassed all measure in his brightness. who gives aid in battles. pervading both worlds. all-conquering. ancient and ever youthful. his car is Vayu with his team of Vasus. 5 Call we on Maghavan. banded with the Maruts who. aIl-comprehending. 2 Whom. GREAT Indra will I laud. swift mover like a warhorse. great are the exploits. free-giving Indra. the Bull. Hero. 3 Victor in fight. wins and gathers riches. 1. 1. 5 The Soma. 3 Desiring food he came unto his Mother. even as rivers to the ocean. and wrought great exploits in his varied aspects. to crush the Vrtras. this. and thou slewest Vrtra. whom thou madest sharers. The Maruts following. [03-048] HYMN XLVIII. borne by Tawny Coursers.[03-046] HYMN XLVI. gave thee the victory. To him wide deep and mighty from his birth-time. Pour down the flood of meath within thy belly: thou from of old art King of Soma juices. Indra. Indra. Mighty. Who. who gives aid in battles. who slays the Vrtras. OF thee. through manly vigour.

[03-051] HYMN LI.-the mighty Bull come. Indra. rich in noble gifts. sole Lord from days aforetime. Forgreat. The Strong. Hero. 1. like the sea. Impetuous God. INDRA. Here. 2 I yoke thy pair of trusty Steeds for swiftness. Seeking the light. fair of cheek! let thy Bay Coursers place thee: drink of this lovely welleffused libation. O Indra. winner of the booty. who gives aid in battles. with eulogies. 5 Call we on Maghavan. give strength and life to those who praise thee. 2 Accept. lauding for help and rule the bounteous rainer. Indra. Him who hath waxen great. accept the cake at our libation poured at dawn. accept the songs of praise we sing. Swift. wins and gathers riches. with hymns to thee. He in Vivasvan's dwelling findeth his delight: praise thou the ever-conquering slayer of the foe. thou who lovest song. Hero. finder of the light. to prosper us. All-hail! for his is Soma. With groats with cake. in thy keeping. the living waters. 5 Abundant are the gifts he gives to mortals: for him the earth bears a rich store of treasures. let it work through both thy flanks. 4 Famed from of old. <147> . as thou didst drink the juice beside Saryata. rejoiced in Indra. the Kusikas have brought their gift. accept at break of day our Soma mixt with roasted corn. skilled in fair sacrifices. faithful and ever-glorious. Immortal One. girt by Maruts. [03-052] HYMN LII. is thy power. of Indra meet for lauds. Since at thy birth all Deities adorned thee for the great fight. the singers serve. 10 So. Far-reaching. Indra. With them together let the Vrtra-slayer drink in his home the worshipper's libation. 1. who slays the Vrtras. 4 Thee. strong. 3 Consume our sacrificial cake. for Indra taketh care of matchless worshippers. for ever are offered prayers and songs: accept them gladly. And through thine arms. breaker-down of forts. our juice.[03-050] HYMN L. valorous. and through thy head by prayer. HIGH hymns have sounded forth the praise of Maghavan. and let our offering sate his body's longing. best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered. 4 With kine and horses satisfy this longing with very splendid bounty still extend it. the singers. O Indra. O Indra. 6 To thee. LET Indra drink. 9 He was your comrade in your zeal. who listens. Lord of Bays. most heroic of the heroes. the growing plants. good Friend. the Lord of Hundred Powers. hither. 11 Incline thy body to this juice which suits thy Godlike nature well: May it cheer thee who lovest it. O Indra. the forest trees preserve their wealth for Indra. with thy friends the Maruts. whose faithful service from of old thou lovest. shall the priests glorify with songg and praises. drink thou Soma with the Maruts. 12 Brave Indra. 2 To Indra from all sides go forth my songs of praise. 3 With milk they made Indra their good Preserver. auspicious Indra. 7 Here. supporter of mankind. 1. when thou hast drunk the Soma. As Kinsman think thou of some fresh assistance. invoked with beauteous songs. Lord of affluent gifts. As he who woes accepts his bride. O Indra. let him fill him with these viands. whose praise each day is sung aloud. and enjoy the well-dressed sacrificial cake: Oblations are poured forth to thee. O thou invoked of many. 3 Where battle's spoil is piled the singer winneth praise. enraptured send us cattle in abundance. Full of all wondrous power he goes to conquest: worship is his. Under thy guidance. 8 So eagerly desirous drink the Soma. O Maruts: they. The heavens. this juice hath been pressed for thee with strength Drink of it. Indra.

for thou art he who giveth strength. O Axle. fixed and strengthened: throw us not from the car whereon we travel. with hymns implores thee. Virupas: the Asura's Heroes and the Sons of Heaven. they heat no caldron. Brother. Bring thou to us the wealth of Pramaganda. for the draught of Soma. O Maghavan. 8 Bring forth the roasted corn to meet him quickly. 7 Bounteous are these. 12 Praises to Indra have I sung. through fit prayers. <148> . What time the lauding singer. advance no farther. O Maghavan. Holy One. coming thrice. the low-born. firm the axles. and north. Angirases. Ye singers. They. 9 The mighty sage. 7 The groats have we prepared for thee with Pusan. keen of purpose and eager as a bull. then Indra through the Kusikas grew friendly. glad in your hymns with juice poured forth in sacrifice. let the King slay the foeman. 2 Stay still. 8 Maghavan weareth every shape at pleasure. hath lowed with mighty voice dispelling famine. ye Kutikas drink up the Soma's savoury meath. 15 Sasarpari. When Visvamitra was Sudas's escort. in a moment. [03-053] HYMN LIII. at our sacrifices wax strong by hymns. give our bodies strength. the gift of Jamadagnis. Indra. who looks on men. Show thyself strong. restrained the billowy river. and thy strong Courser is set free with guerdon. with brave heroes. 5 Depart. 16 Sasarpari brought glory speedily to these. from heaven. Upon this sacrificer's grass he seated: to Indra shall our eulogy be uttered. let loose Sudas's horse to win him riches. Indra. may hymns accordant with thee daily strengthen thee. O Mighty Indra. Lord of Bay Steeds. Bold One. This prayer of Visvamitra keeps secure the race of Bharatas. giving store of wealth to Visvamitra. 19 Enclose thee in the heart of Khayar timber. East. ON a high car. give glory to the roasted corn and holy cake. imperishable. Eat thou the meal-cake. thy joy is in thy home. drinker out of season. Indra. Where thy tall chariot hath a place to rest in. effecting magic changes in his body. she bestows new vital power. 3 Adhvaryu. Where thy tall chariot hath a place to rest in. thy garment's hem as a child grasps his father's. Vrtra-slayer.give up to us. O Parvata and Indra. sing thou in answer: make we a laud acceptable to Indra. turn thee homeward. The Daughter of the Sun hath spread our glory among the Gods. 17 Strong be the pair of oxen. over the generations of the Fivefold Race. God-born and God-incited. 4 A wife. keep the yoke-pins from decaying: attend us. with thy horses. Etc. 14 Among the Kikatas what do thy cattle? They pour no milky draught. whom Vaja and the Rbhus wait upon. O Maghavan is home and dwelling: so let thy Bay Steeds yoked convey thee hither. 11 Come forward. Strength to our seed and progeny that they may live. O thou whom many praise. Gods. 6 At the third sacrifice. 18 O Indra. Parvata. Indra. sages who look on men. Enjoy the gifts. sing we both. prolong his life through countless Soma-pressings. sustainer of this earth and heaven. O Maghavan. deathless. rejoice in our oblation. 10 Like swans. corn for thee. she whom the ancient Jamadagnis gave to me. thy racious Consort. let not the pole slip nor the yoke be broken. Whenever we press out for thee the Soma. prepare a song of praise with pressing-stones. and sacrificial cake here please thee. a draught of well-pressed Soma will I give thee. with the Gods. Daughter of Paksa. Kusikas. banded with the Maruts. wise Hero. let Agni as our Herald speed to call thee. Sage. drink the Soma. With sweetest song I grasp. 13 The Visvamitras have sung forth this prayer to Indra Thunder-aimed: So let him make us prosperous. May Indra. bring pleasant viands. in the car wrought of Sinsapa put firmness. cake for the bravest Hero mid the heroes. 1.again come hither: both there and here thy goat is Indra. strength to the bulls who draw the wains. With offered viands and with songs may we assist thee. then at earth's choicest place perform his worship. hither.5 Let roasted corn of our midday libation. thou whose fellies are uninjured. west. 6 Thou hast drunk Soma. and be attentive. and where thqu loosest thy loud-neighing Courser.

with best aids speed us. whose Mothers. and Sarasvati. Take your delight. and let our course be rich in kine and offspring. Much-invoked! art thou with thy dear Rbhus: fashion ye this our hymn for our advantage.The Chieftain of the Mighty Stride. O Indra. 15 Indra. as sisters. the wise and very glorious Adityas. And. A sluggish steed men run not with the courser. may your great law he faithful: he ye our leaders for our high advantage. have known you well and paid you honour. this strengthening hymn. whose tongue is Agni. that all ye Deities abide in Indra. the Sons of Order. Varuna and Mitra. 2 To mighty Heaven and Earth I sing forth loudly: my wish goes out desirous and well knowing Both. hear us. the spear-armed Maruts. O Earth. One All is Lord of what is fixed and moving. To Heaven and Earth I offer this my homage. the Gods rejoice them with the living mortal. and then cuts a mere Semal blossom off. For ye are they who give us store of riches: ye guard your gift uncheated by the bounteous. your great and glorious title. Lord of brave hosts. 13 Borne on their flashing car. on one firm place both stand for ever watchful. never disregard him. this multiform creation. with far-distant limits. have they offered. Friend. Aditi deserve our worship: the laws of Varuna remain unbroken. Visvedevas. rejoicing in the seat of Order. God. The Holy. may Tvastar. the many young Dames. Bear to the Gods this song of praise. though parted. 8 All living things they part and keep asunder. Safe may we be until we reach our homes and rest us and unyoke. 10 This laud. They urge their own steed as it were another's. give us wealth with noble offspring. who rules through all his powers heroic. 1. Eternal One. 7 Partners though parted. 3 O Heaven and Earth. Ye Rbhus joined with Pusan: ye have prepared the rite with stones adjusted. but they are in remote and secret regions. and send us.Singing the praise whereof the Gods by custom stand on the spacious far-extended pathway. Sovran Rulers. that walks. so he pours out foam. and who will now declare it? Seen are their lowest dwelling-places only. then. 17 This is. To him adorable. 12 Deft worker. 14 To Visnu rich in marvels. helpful. Indra. 21 With various aids this day come to us. the sons of Bharata. meet for synods. kind tokinsmen: the Asvins' kinship is a glorious title. hath with his majesty filled earth and heaven. O Indra. comes thrice from heaven as Lord in our assembly. holy. unceasing. Young. 18 Aryaman. thou Hero. with food. 16 My Sires are the Nasatyas. sent to many a quarter. though bearing up the mighty Gods they reel not. to you I utter: let the kind-hearted hear. the ancient sages whose word was ever true had power to find you. at whose laud in synods. [03-054] HYMN LIV. that flies. And brave men in the fightwhere heroes conquer. 22 He heats his very axe. They make a home as for a bird. showing favour. Vrtra-slayer. ye Wise. 6 The Sage who looketh on mankind hath viewed them bedewed. Fort-crusher. as I pray for riches. swift as the bow's string. with one same will finding themselves together. mighty.20 Let not this sovran of the wood leave us forlorn or injure us. holy Heaven and Earth. our kinship with our mighty Sire and Father. Maghavan. complete and perfect safety. The lot of childlessness remove ye from us. give us these things to aid us. speak to each other names that are united. regard not severance or close connexion. 5 What pathway leadeth to the Gods? Who knoweth this of a truth. 4 Yea. gather thou up and bring us store of cattle. proclaim us sinless for our perfect safety. with heavenly lustre. to battle. like a caldron cracked and seething. being young for evermore. songs And praises shall go as singers on the road of Bhaga. 19 May the Gods' envoy. the nimble Youths of Heaven. skiful-handed. 23 Men notice not the arrow. May Agni hear us with his homely splendours. the golden-handed. shall hear us: ye Mighty. <149> . 9 Afar the Ancient from of old I ponder. nor ever lead an ass before a charger. O Heaven and Earth. Let him who hatcth us fall headlong downward: him whom we hate let vital breath abandon. they bring the red beast deeming it a bullock. Savitar. 24 These men. 11 The fair-tongued Savitar. O ye people. and take him. O Agni.

Priest. They who speak sweetly bring him sweet addresses. 13 Loud hath she lowed. [03-055] HYMN LV. resting firm. she standeth. King. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. each thing that comes anear is seen to meet him. On what world hath the Milch-cow laid her udder? This Ila streameth with the milk of Order. Creator. May Aditi with the Adityas hear us. 5 Lodged in old plants. he makes them fruitful. 9 Deep within these the hoary envoy pierceth. Now shall the statutes of the Gods be valid. all those foemen. he still precedes while resting as foundation. sole Lord in synods. 1. well-provisioned: with pleasant meath.May Earth and Heaven. unexhausted. combine thou for our good all kinds of glory. born to sundry quarters. 19 Tvastar the God. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. nor Fathers of old time who know the region. O Agni. the waters. he wanders unrestrained. 10 Visnu. the single youngling. Though they are unimpregned. begets and feeds mankind in various manner. the red. Well-skilled I seek the seat of law eternal. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. 6 Now lying far away. the earth's Protector. These who are ever new and fresh and youthful. and Maruts grant us their auspicious shelter. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. And looketh on us. Visvedevas. Safe be my bliss. and the wide firmament and constellations. These are the laws of Varuna and Mitra. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. 20 Hear us the mouatains which distil the rain-drops. swiftly within the newly-born and tender. riches. immortal dwelling-places. I praise them at the seat of law eternal. 17 What time the Bull bellows in other regions. and light us every day with loving kindness. licking the other's youngling. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. in the Cow's home was born the Great Eternal. the guardian. keeps the loftiest station. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. Agni. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. licking her Calf of eighteen months. Nor the sign set between two ancient dwellings. are Sisters. variant Pair. 18 Let us declare the Hero's wealth in horses. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. Sixfold they bear him. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. 15 Within a wondrous place the Twain are treasured: the one is manifest. or by fives are harnessed. another herd receives the genial moisture. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. meet and give suck yielding their lordly nectar. 4 King Universal. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. 14 Earth weareth beauties manifold: uplifted. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. bright shines the other. O Gods. he grows again in younger. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. the Sun. he goeth to the realm of splendour. the other hidden. mighty. Conquer in battle. For he is Bhaga. One common pathway leads in two directions. AT the first shining of the earliest Mornings. The hymn commingles with the cow's oblation. 21 Soft be our path for ever. <150> . the dark. One Mother rests: another feeds the Infant. hear us. 7 Child of two Mothers. And yet these two. rejoice in freshening moisture. O Agni. and. Agni knows well all these created beings. yielding rich nectar. Let us declare the truth when fire is kindled. extended through the wood be lies on couches. have made yourselves twin beauties: one of the Twain is dark. Child of two Mothers. 8 As to a friendly warrior when he battles. O all ye folk: of this the Gods have knowledge. the herbs besprinkle. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. 12 Where the two Cows. in thy friendship: may I attain the seat of foodful. 16 Let the milch-kine that have no calves storm downward. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion 2 Let not the Gods here injure us. the omniform. the Mother and the Daughter. 3 My wishes fly abroad to many places: I glance back to the ancient sacrifices. 22 Enjoy the offering: beam thou strength upon us. streaming. upholding dear. clad in wondrous beauty. 11 Ye. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion.

send down thy blessings daily. wonderful and exhaustless like the rain-clouds. The Hero is renowned for gathering riches. As in this praise the Gods have all delighted. O Bhaga. 8 Three are the bright realms. the Bull. May we as friends of thine share goodly treasures. O Vasus. 6 Let thy stream give us drink. 6 Do thou. for we have shown you favour. Holy and vigorous. and feed them with sweet juices. NOT men of magic skill. rise up on high. stayed to meet him: they who were wandering separate enclosed him. 5 Agni. And spacious Heaven and Earth. the Everlasting Ones' impregner. Mitra. 5 Streams! the wise Gods have thrice three habitations. beyond attainment.His. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. with a brood in many places. and the Waters. 21 Yea. O Indra. Her who hath straightway poured me food in plenty: Indra and Agni therefore are her praisers. Send us. the Waters. 3 Fain to lend vigour to the Bull. Great is the Gods' supreme dominion. 2 They bear you hither by well-orderd statute: our sacred offerings rise as if to parents. For these thy flames. 4 When nigh them. Great is the Cods' supreme and sole dominion. supports six burthens: the Cows proceed to him the true. show us thy loving-kindness. O Savitar. 20 The two great meeting Bowls hath he united: each of the Pair is laden with histreasure. The praise of Usas hath awoke the Asvins. solicit wealth that Savitar may send us. nor the fixed hills. 1. Ruleth majestic with his triple aspect. [03-056] HYMN LVI. moving not away. Visvedevas. the holy. to him endued with great and wondrous beauties.. arc all these living creatures. never to be injured. The Cows come lowing hither to the Youngling. Preserver! 7 Savitar thrice from heaven pours down abundance. which give men boons in plenty. O Agni. with reverence recognize the germ within him. reaching all men. O God. triple wealth and treasure. 1. In his protection heroes rest in safety. Near stand three Mighty Ones who travel swiftly: two are concealed from sight. Thrice may the Gods from heaven attend our synod. I bid the well-formed Heaven and Earth come hither. Ne'er may the earth and heaven which know not malice. well-pleased have drained the heaven's exhaustless udder. Asvins. cause the two worlds to prosper us. from heaven thrice hither.Therewith make all the Holy Odes be seated here for our help. as their tracer he observed them: he called aloud the dear name of Adityas. the beautiful. Thus care for us. 22 Rich in their gifts for thee are herbs and waters. at sacrifice. the Asura's Heroes. may I win blessing here from you. the siste. THE Ancient's Milch-cow yields the things we long for: the Son of Daksina travels between them. three-uddered. and the fair-handed Kings Varuna. verily. MY thought with fine discernment hath discovered the Cow who wanders free without a herdsman. [03-058] HYMN LVIII. thrice here from heaven supreme in our assembly. thy meath-sweet tongue that tastes fair viands. and three. and earth brings all her wealth for thee. 3 The Bull who wears all shapes. and on this our earth the All-Sustainer dwells like a King with noble friends about him. Destroy in us the counsel of the niggard come hitherward. be bowed by sage devices. one is apparent. 4 Fixing with thought. deft of hand and mighty. rule as Sovrans. 2 One. Three are the holy Ladies of the Waters. [03-057] HYMN LVII. best. Visvedevas. Child of three Mothers. three times a day. the press-stones. O Vasu Jatavedas. the Highest. Great is the Gods' supreme and sole dominion. The Goddesses. yea. which among Gods is called the farextended. 1. the triple-breasted. 2 Indra and Pusan. <151> . She with the splendid chariot brings refulgence. he is Lord in synods. not men of wisdom impair the Gods' first steadfast ordinances.

may we remain in Mitra's gracious favour. then gloriously shall your wishes be fulfilled. blent with milk at the first break of morning. goes round the earth and heaven in one brief moment. Following closely the Aditya's statute. with knees bent lowly on the earth's broad surface. fully gained: grandsons of Manu. ye formed the chalices. ye MightyCome. the press-stone's song. assuming many a shape. 1. 3 joying in sacred food and free from sickness. with schemes to meet each need. 4 Auspicious and adorable. supporter of the race of man. King. auspicious is your friendship: Heroes. drink it. for ever men. Disposer. For he sustaineth all the Gods. 3 Friendship with Indra have the Rbhus. Very Mighty ones. to you are brought abundant viands in rivalry with sacred songs. one-minded. when speaking. 7 Mitra whose glory spreads afar. 8 Asvins. 5 Even through many regions. Rbhus. He whom thou helpest ne'er is slain or conquered. your wealth is with the house of Jahnu. Sprung from high Law your car. <152> . O ye Asvins high praise is yours among mankind. Surpasses earth in his renown. Mitra beholdeth men with eyes that close not. helpers. Gives food fulfilling sacred Law. oblation. yea. O Men: they came desirous to these holy rites with store of wealth. from near or far. 7 O Asvins. your Soma sheds delicious sweetness: drink ye thereof and come unto our dwelling. him most highly to be lauded. 6 The gainful grace of Mitra. ship. nor your heroic acts. unceasing. serving with holy rites. Mitra. pious with noble acts. Sudhanvan's Sons.glorious fame. falls no affliction. this Mitra was born with fair dominion. to him who strews the holy grass. 5 The great Aditya. they skilfully urged the work. 9 Asvins. who strives to keep thy sacred Law. here. the thought by which ye drew the cow from out the hide. HERE is your ghostly kinship. 1. urged on by press-stones. ye Priests. ye attained divinity. called you most prompt to come and stay misfortune? 4 Remember us. MITRA. Gives splendour of most. Friends as it were have offered you these juices. Sudhanvan's Sons! your share in sacrifice. invocate the Asvins. [03-059] HYMN LIX. to be served with wor. joying in the third day's Soma. O Mitra. ever strong to aid. as their wont is.3 With lightly-rolling car and well-yoked horses hear this. rest in his propitious loving-kindness. let us rejoice with draughts of meath together. Nasatyas. with Vayu and with his steeds. ye WonderWorkers. whereby.. The intellect wherewith ye wrought the two Bay Steeds. to living men. most often goes to the Soma-presser's place of meeting. ye Asvins. To Mitra. Not to be paragoned. 6 Ancient your home. is gracious to the singer. With wondrous arts. 8 All the Five Races have repaired to Mitra.-through these. Forming again with you auspicious friendship. offer in fire oblation that he loveth. Rbhus. Have not the sages of old time. God. sweet. who stirreth men. Ye gained. O Rbhus. not hostile. Very Bounteous Givers. Sudhanvan's Children won them everlasting life. with holy oil. [03-060] HYMN LX. on the paths which Gods have travelled: here your libations of sweet meath are ready. 9 Mitra to Gods. May we enjoy the grace of him the Holy. stirreth men to labour: Mitra sustaineth both the earth and heaven. 2 Foremost be he who brings thee food. To Mitra bring. ever-youthful. Your car. Aditya. on him. are your good deeds. and come to us. 4:In company with Indra come ye to the juice. he who in might surpasses heaven. 2 The mighty powers wherewith.

when she comes refulgent. Indra. O Morning. Maghalan.5 O Indra. most diligent. hath beamed forth her splendour.May the Varutris with their shelter aid us. the Lady of the dwelling. <153> . 6 From heaven. come to us. Morning cometh. Indra-Varuna. hath entered mighty earth and heaven. Maruts. fair to look on. turning thee to every creature. which. the wealthy Dame. ours be this treasure ours be wealth. 1. 3 O Indra-Varuna. Indra-Varuna. is now that glory wherewith ye brought support to those who loved you? 2 This man. ancient. 7 Come with the mighty Rbhus. 4 Be pleased! with our oblations. praised of many. on thy bright car awaking pleasant voices. 7 Divine. To Morning. as laws of men ordain. [03-061] HYMN LXI. YOUR well-known prompt activities aforetime needed no impulse from your faithful servant. strengthening with thy help the singer's holy praise. and. movest. the goldencoloured. 1. thou loved of all Gods. the Holy One was wakened: brightly to both worlds came the wealthy Lady. . like a wheel. By us is chanted forth to thee. Accordant. with Saci. Morning. 6 With Rbhu near. 3 Thou. Brhaspati Most Excellent. resplendent Pusan. 7 On Law's firm base the speeder of the Mornings. 5 At sacrifices. She. this our newest hymn of eulogy. [03-062] HYMN LXII. here exult. see. pour down the Soma juice effused. These homes wherein we dwell have turned themselves to thee. Mighty Ones. dropping sweets. whom none deceive. incessantly invokes you for your favour. with Heaven and Earth. in the drink-offerer's house rejoice thee with the Heroes. thou goest forth soliciting fair riches. all-bounteous! as the Law ordaineth. young. with the Rbhus. Even as a bridegroom to his bride. Agni. strong with strength. with Maruts. with thousand arts attend the act of sacrifice. roll hi ther. hath spread in every place its splendour. Thou. Brhaspati: Give wealth to him who brings thee gifts. and Bharati and Hotri with the Mornings. Bringing forth light. in the juice we pour. Where. O newly-born. with hymns. Indra. Great is the power of Varuna and Mitra. At hundred eager calls come to the living man. 9 May he who sees all living things. O wealthy Lady. Indra and Others. the Wonderful. To one same goal ever and ever wending now. standest on high as ensign of the Immortal. Goddess. with Sudhanvan's Sons. from both thy hands. and full of wisdom. the Bull. urged by song. the wearer of each shape at will. hath set in heaven her brightness. 10 May we attain that excellent glory of Savitar the God: So May he stimulate our prayers.May lie. accept the singer's praise. Usas. -devotions to the Gods. seeking after riches. be gracious to the earnest thought. endowed witli knowledge. 2 Shine forth. hear ye mine invocation. them together at a glancc. well-blent. 8 Accept with favour this my song. O Usas. thou auspicious Goddess. 4 Letting her reins drop downward. and Vaja. with your hymns worship the pure BrhaspatiI pray for power which none may bend6 The Bull of men. bright. and bring with reverence your hymn to praise her. may Pusan be our help. with full store of heroes. the Blessed hath spread her from the bounds of earth and heaven. Let docile horses of far-reaching splendour convey thee hitherward. 5 Hither invoke the radiant Goddess Morning.

bedew our pasturage with oil. joyful when adored. strengthening our power of life. 17 Far-ruling. 16 May Mitra-Varuna. of Savitar the God we crave Our portion of prosperity.11 With understanding. Urged by the impulse of their thoughts. To seat him at the seat of Law. ye reign through majesty of might. ye who strengthen Law. and conquering our foes. With meatb the regions of the air. sit in the place of holy Law: Drink Soma. 14 To us and to our cattle may Soma give salutary food. earnestly. 15 May Soma. goes to the gathering place of Gods. <154> . 18 Lauded by Jamadagni's song. To biped and to quadruped. sapient Pair. 12 Men. singers worship Savitar the God with hymn and holy rites. In our assembly take his seat. With pure laws everlastingly. 13 Soma who gives success goes forth.

Dyaus. 7 Three are those births. 18 Then. ever of one accord. Begetter. the men with their celestial speech threw open. 6 Excellent is the glance. yea. both his ends concealing. like a feast rich in food. of Agni. borne on his golden car. 15 Eager. thou Radiant One. all-supporting. radiant. beholding deeds of men both good and evil. O Agni. 2 As such. when first they held that Heaven allotted treasure. 17 The turbid darkness fled. Varuna. brightest One. 11 In houses first he sprang into existence. O Friend. swift as a wheel. and in this region's bosom. eagerly longed-for. The solid mountain firm. <155> . appointed messenger.conduct us to all that he enjoys of God-sent riches. the heaven was sp. They sang their song. with Maruts who illumine all. mid mortal men. bless us. in the cavern. the wise. defiant. have the Gods. Best Sacrificer. afterwards they looked around. in the Bull's lair. supporter of mankind. True to the Law. of the God. Agni. O thou Wondrous God. fain to fulfil the sacred Law of worship. refulgent remove thou far from us all those who hate us. shall tell forth this their exploit. and far-resplendent: and sevendear frieuds sprang up unto the Mighty. yea. pure. with loud call. be bounteous enjoy the gracious juice. 19 I will call hither brightly-beaming Agni. 10 Let Agni -for he knows the way. sweet-tongued Invoker: Lovely to look on. friendly. young. like two car-steeds in rapid course. O thou Holy One. What all the Immortals have prepared with wisdom. O Agni. beautiful. effectual in this mortal's dwelling. sent hither down. the King. endid! up rose the bright beam of celestial Morning. Footless and headless. Forth drave they. of the cow. the stable full of cattle. pure. bring with favour to the Gods thy Brother Varuna who loveth sacrifice. 13 Here did our human fathers take their places. the Herald. and sent forth acclamation:with the Bull's sheen the Red One was apparent. with holy hymns they worshipped. enclosing. Sire. 3 Do thou. effulgent. brought forth the omnipresent God-devoted Sage. 16 The Milch-cow's earliest name they comprehended: they found the Mother's thrice-seven noblest titles. of brightest splendour. 8 This envoy joyeth in all seats of worship. with thought intent upon the booty. turn hither him who is our Friend. THEE Agni. compact. mightily resplendent. be the prayer effective.[04-000] RIG VEDA . let him give man knowledge: by an extended cord they lead him onward. joyous for ever. prepared to free the cattle: they found the light. the Aditya who supporteth men. best at worship. awakened. 14 Splendid were they when they had rent the mountain: others. the homeof holy Order. 5 Be thou. Wondrous! to us in rapid course. for seed and progeny. This the bands knew. O Agni. be swift to hear us. a God. find thou grace for us with Varuna. Longed-for.BOOK THE FOURTH [04-001] HYMN I. with their wisdom sent thee down. in his Bull's lair drawing himself together. Reconcile to us Varuna. O Agni. our closest Friend while now this Morn is breaking. the God-devoted God. longed-for even as the butter. The Immortal. have they brought forth. 1. the most exalted. nearest us with succour. Mitra. confining Cows. Surya ascended to the wide expanses. raining down true blessings. 4 Do thou who knowest Varuna. at great heaven's base. He stays. He came invested in the boundless region. Dawn's teeming Milch-kine bid in the mountainstable. heated. with red steeds. which the auspicious God bestows on mortalsThe God's glance. the milch-cow's bounty. Bless us. around. the true. 12 Wondrously first he rose aloft. Now all the Gods abide in all their dwellings. and the God wins a share in his possessions. 9 Allied by worship. put far away from us the God's displeasure.

12 This Sage the Sages. Immortal among mortals. 17 Gods. Agni who hath secured the Gods' high favour. the guest who is received in all men's houses. smelting like ore their human generations. Agni. and Indra with Visnu. engender. have done with feet. of the Gods. Give us great wealth. wonderful. though thou hast food in plenty. with hands. 6 The man who. Asura! in sacred food and children. Mitra. between both races of born beings. the Living. Sublime One! thy strong-muscled radiant stallions. Faithful One. with oblation. O Son of Vigour. Youngest God! with outpoured Soma serves thee. wealth broad-based and during. Ruler of men. Agni. 2 Born for us here this day. The wise. 1. Enkindling Agni and exalting Indra. THE. and. let not the sinner's wickedness enclose him. and with our bodies. appointed envoy. rich in kine and sheep and horses. men to be ordainers. 5 Agni. Priest. and makes his head to ache. dropping oil. in full assembly. bring treasure splendid and plentiful to aid the toiler. we have laboured nobly-bright Dawns have shed their light upon our worshipAdding a beauty to the perfect Agni.He hath disclosed. O thou whose boons are many. must shine forth in glory . a God among the Gods. Agni. rescue him from distress. we have sung these praises to thee the Wise: do thou accept them gladly. they came encompassing the stall of cattle. singing praises. 15 May we. [04-002] HYMN II. <156> . 18 Strong One! he marked them-and the Gods before them-like herds of cattle in a foodful pasture.to him be wealth secure and freely giving. sorely toiling. bring hither. who. speeding the work of holy worship. even as a goId-girt courser. 16 As in the days of old our ancient Fathers. with brave friends. 4 Aryaman. devout. Blaze up on high and ever make us richer. setting him down in dwellings of the living. Varuna. to him be a self-strong Protector guard him from all who seek to do him mischief. 9 Whoso brings gifts to thee Immortal. Disposer. the holy rite have guided. brings for thee the fuel. with toil. and doth thee service with uplifted ladle. having harnessed. May we.-may he be gracious. to us Jatavedas. 20 The freest God of all who should be worshipped. lose his riches. Most Youthful! and may we strengthen him when he adores thee. welcomes his cheerful guest and speeds him onward. as those who frame a car with manual cunning. burst the wealth-containing mountain. to folk with fair oblations. friendly God. seven sages first in rank. from Dawn the Mother. Lead us. O God. be this our sacrifice eternal. best at worship. and. Who kindles thee devoutly in his dwelling. Yoking red horses to and fro thou goest between you Deities and mortal races. like the milch cows' pure udder. There they moaned forth their strong desire for mortals. with rapid footsteps behold the Gods. Agni. and the God's beauteous eye that shines for ever.Agni. thou joyous God. Rich. Agni shall be raised high with man's oblations. like straight and crooked backs of horses. 8 Whoso sings praise to thee at eve or morning. 3 I laud the ruddy steeds who pour down blessing. Agni. 20 Agni. the bounteous giver. with good car and steeds. Thou farest as an envoy. thy faithful servants. to wealth and noble offspring: keep penury afar and grant us plenty. O Agni. commanded. 13 Good guidance hast thou for the priest. 10 Whose well-wrought worship thou acceptest. be sons of Heaven. 11 May he who knows distinguish sense and folly of men. 7 Who brings thee food. doing holy acts. doth the thing thou lovest. thou liberal Giver. fair to look on. radiant. Maruts and AsvinsThese. Agni. Hence mayst thou. the nearest One. most bountiful. 14 Now all that we. resplendent. the Sorria's juice when cleansed and poured from beakers. 19 We have worked for thee. thou God a mortal's gift. thy faithful servant. sweating. Angirases. flectest through the thoualit of Order. Agni.Let him not.Dear be his sacrifice to thee. ne'er deceived. to aid the True. Sought pure light and devotion. they cleft the ground and made red Dawns apparent.In his own home.

all these wise secret speeches have I uttered. Prsni the Bull hath milked the pure wiiite udder. Spread with thy tongue the winged flames. my thoughts and Praises. Lord of worship. 4 Even as true knower of the Law. 4 Rise up. before the thunder strike and lay you senseless. the manly. be the man. blazing Agni! who hath worked us mischief. 15 Through these our songs of praise be gracious. she hath the sweet ripe juice. Agni. Sage. and uninjured. shootest arrows: transfix the fiends with darts that burn most fiercely. what. near or far. O Agni. [04-004] HYMN IV. Him. 6 Most Youthful God. is bent on evil. following thy swift net. flectest in thy motion.[04-003] HYMN III. sped to flow onward swiftly and for ever. be. he knoweth well thy favour who gave an impulse to this high devotion. Accept. honoured God! and ever guarding. as the fond dame attires her for her husband. unworthy kinsman. 3 Send thy spies forward. Agni. drive off those who fight against us: make manifest thine own celestial vigour. exceeding gracious. all-sustaining. Sung to thee. True. touch our viands. consume thou utterly like dried-up stubble. with. sit down before us. Let us riot feel the might of friend or foeman. 14 O Agni. invested with his golden colours. 12 By Law the Immortal Goddesses the Waters. before the Swift. to thee. 8 What wilt thou tell the truthful band of Maruts. Agni. the gentle. spread thee out before us: burn down our foes. Agni. O Hero. what to the mighty Wind who comes tobless us. Slacken the strong bows of the demondriven: destroy our foemen whether kin or stranger. defend us: fulfil heaven's work. Like a strong courser lauded in his running. O Angiras. the liberal giver. brightly shining. with meath-rich waves. cast thy firebrands all around thee. O Agni. Agni. 5 Rise. 2 This shrine have we made ready for thy coming. 1. go like a mighty King with his attendants. O Agni. to him who hears. thou Disposer. how answer the great Sun when thou art questioned? Before the Free. O Priest. O Agni. Agni. effectual Sacrificer. O Agni. A song of praise sing to the God Immortal. Priest of both worlds. He who gives vital power goes on unswerving. 9 I crave the cow's true gift arranged by Order: though raw. glowing in thy fury. Bringing great bliss the men encompassed Morning: light was apparent at the birth of Agni. and let the praise which Gods desire address thee. all-knowing Jatavedas. All fair days and magnificence of riches hast thou beamed forth upon the good man's portals. presser of the sweet juice. these our devotions. to assist you. and sang their hymns together with the cattle. when thou blazest on the lesser altars. 2 Forth go in rapid flight thy whirling weapons: follow them closely. 13 Go never to the feast of one who harms us. the charming words of wisdom. Though she is black of hue with milk she teemeth.to honoured Rudra what. unfettered. hath been sprinkled with oil upon his back. who with his lauds and regular oblation <157> . nutritious. thou who hast sharpened arrows. WIN. O Agni. Agni. Thou. the treacherous neighbour or. moved by ourprayers. and let no trouble sent from thee o'ercome us. O Singer. 7 Blest. worships. 10 Agni the Bull. keep us safe with thy protection. PUT forth like a wide-spreading net thy vigour. 3 A hymn. who gives oblations? What sin of ours to the far-striding Visnu. loving us. 16 To thee who knowest. circumambient? what to Earth. to him who looks on men. invested while these flames incline to meet thee. Agni. to this our solemn rite he thou attentive. the guardian of this people From him who. wilt thou tell the Lofty Arrow. Rudra. When shall thy songs of festival be sung thee? When is thy friendship shown within our dwelling? 5 Why this complaint to Varuna. destory severe affliction slay e'en the demon when he waxes mighty. O Agni? And why to Heaven? for what is our transgression? How wilt thou speak to Earth and bounteous Mitra? What wilt thou say to Aryaman and Bhaga? 6 What. by Law eternal. whom the stone. ne'er deceived. Performer of good work.. 11 By Law the Angirases cleft the rock asunder. Beat thou away. what wilt thou say to man-destroying Rudra? 7 How to great Pusan who promotes our welfare. Punish us not for a false brother's trespass. 1.

6 To me. consume with flame most fiercely glowing. profound and strong and mighty. O Agni. all the wealth that is in earth or heaven. what the rules. 12 Knowing no slumber. they have engendered this abysmal station. Agni. above the beauteous grassy skin of Prsni. Agni. he preserved the pious: the fees who fain would harm them did no mischief 14 Aided by thee with thee may we be wealthy. unreproached. speedy and propitious. untrue. Agni who knows the lofty hymn. of the flame bent forward. May this my song sing like a loved one with thee. Of this. spread over us the Sun-God's splendour? 14 Unsatisfied. vouchsafed this bounty unto me a mortal. preserve us. for thou knowest. with this fuel will we serve thee. This Prstha hymn. kept secret As the lost milch-cow's track. sustains it. Lords of good steeds and cars may we adorn thee. with full high growth hath he uplifted. with speech devoid of vigour. preserved blind Mamateya from affliction. wise. 5 Like youthful women without brothers. to Vaisvanara the Bounteous? Great light. 13 Thy guardian rays. most unwearied. yea. Friend of the House. O thou Most Youthful. God and selfreliant. 8 Of this my speech what shall I utter further? They indicate the milk stored up in secret When they have thrown as 'twere the cows' stalls open. How shall we give with one accord oblation to Agni. Vaisvanara most manly. of boundless vigour. 10 He then who shone together with his Parents remembered Prsni's fair and secret treasure. thou God whom power emboldens. 11 With reverence I declare the Law. May all his days be bright: be this his longing. When will the Goddesses. Fulfil the words of both. Mark thou this speech of ours. Invoker. discerner. from guile and scorn and slander. strong. thou art his Protector whose joy it is to entertain thee duly. luminous Agni. what is. May thy protecting powers. taking their places here. Established on the height. Jatavedas. What is our best course in this secret passage: we. of evil conduct. Which. the Bull's tongue. she discovered. the guerdon? Like fleet-foot coursers speed we to the contest. innocent. 3 Sharp-pointed. 8 I praise thy gracious favour: sing in answer. weak. the Bounteous Giver. content and joyous. O Agni. unfaithful. thou art the Sovran.station. have reached a t)lace far distant. 9 This is the Great Ones' mighty apparition which from of old the radiant Cow hath followed. may we gain strength with thee to guide us onward. The Bird protects earths' best and wellloved station. 1. and day by day vouchsafe thou us dominion. 13 What is the limit. 10 Whoso with good steeds and fine gold. 12 What is our wealth therefrom. They who are full of sin. on earth's best . swift. 15 O Agni. <158> . 4 May he with sharpened teeth. alert and ever friendly. So may we honour thee. as a pillar bears the roof. like dames who hate their lords. combined. powerful.Deathless. the doubly Mighty. This. of seven elements. the Immortal's Spouses. to me the simple. thou. and. O Ever Truthful: straightway do this. resplendent day by day at eve and morning. passing beyond the glories of the people. the Dawns. straying. 7 So may our song that purifies. in the Mother Cow's most lofty station. accept the laud we sing to thee with favour Destroy the cursing Raksasas: preserve us. 9 Here of free choice let each one serve thee richly. hasting on in secret.-he hath declared to me this hidden knowledge. exceeding wise. when they saw him. O Agni. comes nigh thee on a car laden with trcasure. 11 Through words and kinship I destroy the miglity: this power I have from Gotama my father. comes by thine order. shining brightly in the place of Order. whate'er it be. bast boldly given as 'twere a heavy burthen. His Friend art thou. youthful Aini. scanty and frivolous and inconclusive. through wisdom reach in a moment him the Universal.Is fain to please thee for his life and dwelling. and what our treasure? Tell us O Jatavedas. 2 Reproach not him who. O rich in friends. Lord of all riches. Those who regard not Varuna's commandments and the dear stedfast laws of sapient Mitra. unerring Agni. [04-005] HYMN V. tasted. and with offered dainties. yea.

all creatures are affrighted when he blazes. dwelling together. filled with oil. Agni. Bounteous Giver: his Mother and his Sire were free to send him. Let the priest laud thee: give to him who worships. Then as Friend benevolent. wakened in the morning. Agni. in the wood. 7 Naught hindered his production. with sweet speech. in the homes of men engendered. the Mighty. hath prayer been offered. aflame. anoints the victims. terrible when spreading. best worshipper. Agni shone forth in human habitations. 3 The glowing ladle. knowing full well heaven's innermost recesses. wealthy in boons. Eager he rises like the new-wrought pillar which. 1. 6 In his Eternal Mothers. in the Gods' service best of sacrificers. flies ever to the sacrifice. thy path is black: light is before thee: thy moving splendour is the chief of wonders. roar loudly like the army of the Maruts. dropping fatness. Welcome. skilled in an envoy's duties. 4 When sacred grass is strewn and Agni kindled. stand up erect. knowing both worlds and that which lies between them. Great Agni. his task rej o cing. true to Order. that move for ever restless. O Agni? Let these who have no weapons suffer sorrow. spreading from home to home. cheerful. Agni. Men have established Agni as Invoker. with sanctifying flame. be suddenly shown forth. Agni the Priest. [04-007] HYMN VII. 4 Vivasvan's envoy living men have taken as their ensign. O Agni. hath shone for glory in the dwelling. concealed and unapproached. with sevenfold might. 9 Bright God. choosing Gods' service to the right he circles. Bright like a spear's tooth. refulgent. His fulgent flames run forth like vigorous horses. most sapient. with powerful mouth and like an axe wellsharpened. is lifted. moving like Bhrgu in each home. with measured motion. O lovely Agni. goes three times round. And red steeds. Agni. [04-006] HYMN VI. For mortal men have held thee fast. as from of old he wills it. of mighty muscle. Gods may rejoice them in the home of Order.Wherefore do they address thee here. are to this service of the Gods invited: 10 These brightly-shining games of thine. and like a builder raised his smoke to heaven. O flaming God. 8 He. to be praised at rites: Whom Apnavana. quickly found. clothed in light. Kept secret though his flames are bright seekingon all sides. hath shone most fair to look on. 6 Beautiful and auspicious is thine aspect. 1. 8 Bird of each rite. the Priest. For over evei y thought thou art the Ruler: thou furtherest e'en the wisdom of the pious. 3 Seeing thee faithful to the Law. Like falcons hasting eagerly to the quarry. and the Bhrgus caused to shine bright-coloured in the wood. Agni. speeding straightly forward. Like Savitar he hath lifted up his splendour. the Faithful. Thy splendours are not covered by the darkness: detraction leaves no stain upon thy body. allsubduing. O Agni. served with reverence and oblation. like the starry heaven. fain to adore the glory of the living. wonderful. PRIEST of our rite. adorable in all their homes. 11 To thee. firmly set and fixed. <159> . Agni. whom the twice-five sisters. as a home shines with riches. 5 Him the intelligent have they placed duly as Invoking Priest. wise. like one who tends the cattle. Illumining with cheerful ray each solemn rite in every house. The ruler over all mankind. 9 These thy Bay Coursers. ruddy vigorous. best at worship. He. welcome in our holy synods. 2 He was set down mid men as Priest unerring. the Adhvaryu rises to. Thou goest from of old a willing Herald. goes round. 5 Agni himself. swift. 2 When shall thy glory as a God. 15 The majesty of him the Good. 7 That as food spreads forth in this earthly udder. HERE by ordainers was this God appointed first Invoker.

8 May thine inviolable car. <160> . speeds. 6 Illustrious for wealth are they. 7 So unto us. a God himself. 3 Around the altar is he led. Who have served Agni reverently. with all thine aspects. like a horse. strong Agni makes himself a speedy envoy. Angiras. 4 He is the Herald: well-informed. knows the gift of wealth. Agni. 1. I. 1. 3 Through these our praises come thou to meet us. This day with praises. hath conceived thee. 8 That holy Singer in his strength shoots forth his arrows swifter than The swift shafts of the tribes of men. And as a Brahman takes his seat. 2 May he the Immortal. And to oblations brought by men. be pleased. Agni. consuming. day after day. he knows the deep recess of heaven: He shall bring hitherward the Gods. with our sacrifice: Give ear and listen to our call. with our devotions. 10 Yet newly born. may riches craved by many come. he doth his errand to and fro. Helper. Come near to us from every side. To seat thee on the sacred grass. Right judgment. and with his teeth e'en solid food consumeth. we bring thee that which thou lovest. Follows the rustling of the wind. 11 When he hath borne off food with swift flame swiftly. 4 Now may we serve thee singing these lauds this day to thee. Agni. wherewith thou guardest those who give. O Agni. Whocherish and enkindle him. and hero deeds. Agni. to guide Gods to the righteous in his home: He gives e'en treasures that we love.When she. Or as the Potar sits him down. Agni. Best worshipper. and in the house as Lord thereof. Agni. well disposed. [04-008] HYMN VIII. [04-010] HYMN X. welcome Chief Priest at solemn rites. Become the messenger of all. 2 For thou hast ever been the Car-driver. AGNI. To bear the mortal's gifts to heaven. Immortal. Mighty. lofty sacrifice. bard to be deceived among mankind. drives the swift horse onward. 4 Agni in fire at sacrifice. and courser-like. And power and might spring up for us. of noble Strength. [04-009] HYMN IX. YOUR envoy who possesses all. yet unimpregnate. victorious. I woo with song. 3 He knows. 7 Accept our solemn rite. bright as the sunlight. bearer of your gifts. and rightful judgment. 5 May we be they who gratify Agni with sacrificial gifts. show favour: great art thou who to this pious man art come. his vigour is apparent when the wind blows upon his fiery splendour. even when newly born thou art an envoy. His sharpened tongue he layeth on the brushwood. Knowing the deep recess of heaven. 2 He. 5 Thou comest as the guide of folk who celebrate a sacrifice. 6 Thou servest as his messenger whose sacrifice thou lovest well.

kindling thee at evening and at morning. what time they make the Sun ascend the heaven. 3 Him whom they made to drive away the darkness. far from us all ill-will when thou protectest. as God. the Sun-God. Gods Excellent and Holy. to the dwelling of the pious: Surya the God is rising with his splendour. It shineth near us even as gold for glory. rending apart. from the man who rightly worships. dependent. from thee come thoughts and hymns of praise that prosper. O Agni. our offences. constant to their object. Straightway the self-reliant God. [04-012] HYMN XII.Loud as the voice of Heaven thy blasts are roaring. Him who beholds the universe. if committed. bliss-giving. Agni. benevolently-minded. thou God. 5 Even in the presence of great sin. be extended. God. Friend of the Home. disclose his thought for him who singeth. Lords of sure mansions. whatever sin. springs poetic wisdom. 6 Far from us thou removest want and sorrow. whom thou as God attendest for his welfare. [04-013] HYMN XIII. have committed. Agni is Lord of strength and lofty riches. the black-hued mantle. triumphant through thy splendours. mighty. as human beings. brilliant as gold. unerring. which. we here. O Mighty. Agni. 2 Whoso with toil and trouble brings thee fuel. THY blessed majesty. serving the majesty of mighty Agni. Their stablished way go Varuna and Mitra. on the wealth-giving spring of radiant Mornings. through folly. Agni. entirely. victorious Agni. O Self. and thrice this day offiers thee food. like clarified butter: This gleams like gold on thee. 5 just at this time of the day and the night thy look is the sweetest . Never may we who are thy friends be injured: grant health and strength unto our seed and offspring. thee whose voice is pleasant. to the true-hearted man who gives oblation. 1. with heroes to adorn it. with lifted ladle. O Jatavedas. thine al tar. gives treasures to the mortal who adores him. 6 Even as ye here. and food is fair to look on in thy beauty. [04-011] HYMN XI. Splendid to see. from thee the fleet impetuous charger. hath spread on high his lustre. free us from prison of the Gods or mortals. He. May he excel. From thee flows wealth. Radiant One! with all the Gods thou lovest. Asvins. So also set us free from this affliction long let our life. waving his flag like a spoil-seeking hero. Holy One. of real courage. he falleth not although directed downward? <161> . thou turnest. sent by the Gods. 8 Agni. 2 Agni. yea. prospers. as first in rank. 5 Immortal Agni. 4 Most Youthful God. Be this our bond here by this place. O Agni. Strong God! while thou art praised with fervour. 1. O Agni. 3 From thee. Agni. 7 All hate and mischief. WHOSO enkindles thee. Agni. 6 Spotless thy body. unbound and not supported. it shows even at nighttime. the darkness in the waters. In sight of Aditi make thou us sinless remit. From thee comes wealth. like a hide. Son of Strength. blest is he at evening. Agni. the well. religious mortals Invite with hyrnns. prosperous be our friendships and kinships. and slays his foemen. O Agni. with you Gods. the household's Lord. and comes to wealth. 4 Spreading thy web with mightiest Steeds thou comest. shines brightly in the neighbourhood of Surya. wise through thy mental power. 1. Vouchsafe to us that powerful hymn. have loosed the cow that by the foot was tethered. The rays of Surya tremulously shining sink. Come. Most Youthful. thee who removest hatred. Agni. AGNI hath looked. bringer of help. 4 From thee the hero springs who wins the booty. 3 Agni is Master of sublime dominion. 5 How is it that. seven strong and youthful Coursers carry onward. 2 Savitar.

Here for your drauglit of meath are Soma juices: at this our sacrifice rejoice. Like Usana. 4 May those most powerful steeds and chariot bring you. Agni. the priest a laud shall utter. [04-016] HYMN XVI. Dress the red Scion of the Sky. praised with song. Seven singers here from heaven hath he begotten. Devavata's son. 1. Surya hath filled the firmament and earth and heaven. a close-set pillar? [04-015] HYMN XV. 5 Indra. best of Heroes. 2 Unyoke. even Agni Jatavedas. the princely son. he falleth not although directed downward? By what self-power moves he? Who hath seen it? He guards the vault of heaven. Giving the offerer precious boons. to meet the Dawns refulgent in their glories. to gladden thee today at this libation. 1. Resplendent. who markest. awaking men to happiness. hath waxed immensely: he with his vastness hath filled earth and heaven. a close-set pillar. From Sahadeva's princely son. 6 Day after day they dress him. For him have we pressed juice exceeding potent: here. let Maghavan come hither. Making his presence known by sunbeams.By what self power moves he? Who liath seen it? He guards the vault of heaven. ye Mighty.is come. 2 Producing light for all the world of creatures. 1. [04-014] HYMN XIV. to enjoy Long life. Indra. the Lord Divine. Dawn on her nobly-harnessed car. distinguished by her beams. 10 Cause him the youthful prince. true. hither at the break of morning. Impetuous One. praises our Iibation. 4 When heaven's fair light by hymns was made apparent (they made great splendour shine at break of morning). come to this sacrifice of ours. as at thy journey's end. ye who travel widely. tamer of the foe. and let his Tawny Coursers speed to reach us. let him effect his visit. Come on your chariot. IMPETUOUS. 2 Three times unto our solemn rite comes Agni like a charioteer. O Hero. AGNI the Herald. Bearing the viands to the Gods. E'en beyond this his majesty extendeth who hath exceeded all the worlds in greatness. 7 When Sahadeva's princely son with two bay horses thought of me. quaffing. is led forth at our solemn rite. Nasatyas. O ye Asvins. Somaka. Agni. as a sage paying holy rites in secret. 5 So mighty be the Agni whom the mortal hero shall command. the son of Sahadeva. ye Gods. Of Sahadeva. gay-hued and mighty. God among Gods adorable. 3 Red Dawn. O Asvins. your care. <162> . He with his succour. With sharpened teeth and bountiful. may he live. Agni the Wise. 3 Round the oblations hath he paced. who e'en by day have wrought their works while singing. 3 When the Bull. THE God hath looked. a hymn to thee. O Asvins. the Goddess. 4 He who is kindled eastward for Srnjaya. Summoned by him I drew not back. 5 How is it that. approacheth. unbound and unsupported. as they clean a horse who wins the prize. 6 Sakra who knoweth well all human actions hath with his eager Friends let loose the waters. scattered the blinding darkness so that men saw clearly. riding with brightness onward. 8 And truly those two noble bays I straightway took when offered me. God Savitar hath raised aloft his banner. 9 Long. like a horse. O ye Gods. the Lord of Strength.

infinite. flieth mid any conflict of the people. the sage may on the final day be present. 2 Heaven trembled at the birth of thine effulgence. 12 For Kutsa. the Mighty. Friend of Man. longing for him in war for light and at libation. like a dread lion as thou wieldest weapons. Earth trembled at the fear of thy displeasure. for Indra the Strong. then be thou the Protector of our body. and rentest forts as age consumes a garment. Quickly with Kutsa's friend destroy the Dasyus. Maghavan. Lord of Bays. is fashioned. with gladness. Who slayeth Vrtra and acquireth booty. in every battle. Much-invoked! the water's rock thou cleftest. 20 Now. immovable like earth from her foundation. 11 Thou comest. 5 He who alone o'erthrows the world of creatures. ne'er withdraw from us his friendship. 8 The ever-slaying. 15 Wishes for wealth have gone to Indra. 16 Call we for you that Indra. May we rejoice through many autumns. O daring Hero. labouring with praisesongs: he is like home. the waters flowed. high like rivers for the singer. most gladdening draughts are ever his. Earth. their lord slain. Thou in thy vigour having slaughtered Vrtra didst free the floods arrested by the Dragon. like sweet and fair nutrition. free givers. 9 Come. Indra. let power swell. lent her aid to speed thy thunder. exulting. 17 When the sharp-pointed arrow. with thy thousand. O Indra. and heaven confess to thee thine high dominion. Thou. quelling our foes. yea. 7 Moreover. with Kutsa. the bright bolt's Lord. The stedfast mountains shook in agitation . he showed his vigour. thou at day-break didst hurl down greedy Susna. rentest with thy bolt the Dragon who lay against the waterfloods of heaven. Lord of envied bounty. Faithful One. 4 Thy Father Dyaus esteemed himself a hero: most noble was the work of Indra's Maker. [04-017] HYMN XVII. O thou Hero. Maghavan the bounteous: <163> . conscious. 10 Come to our home resolved to slay the Dasyu: Kutsa longed eagerly to win thy friendship. Who. 18 Further the holy thoughts of Vamadeva be thou a guileless Friend in fight for booty. and desert spots were flooded. to aid the singer imploring thee in battle for the sunlight. Alike in form ye both sate in his dwelling the faithful Lady was in doubt between you. Eager for glory. bursting the cowstalls. 8 When. car-borne. and. extolling the boons which Maghavan the God hath sent them. Indra! lauded. Maghavan. foe of harvest. That he may. Hymned by Angirases. His who begat the strong bolt's Lord who roareth. glorified with praises. thou struckest terror into all the people. Rjisvan. When. Thou sentest forth the waters of the ocean. the dread encounter cometh. we our prayer have fashioned. Indra. thy form. is seen expanding: Thou a wild elephant with might invested. as Lord through power and might. with these men who love thee truly. Thou ever wast the Treasure-Lord of treasures: Indra. through song be victors ever. and roll the chariot-wheel of Sarya near us. prompt to listen. We come to thee whose providence protects us: wide be thy sway for ever for thy singer. 14 What time thou settest near the Sun thy body. Maghavan. strong and mighty. him who hath done so much for men's advantage. the earth.-a goad that masters both the Wind-God's horses. 3 Hurling his bolt with might he cleft the mountain. Thou smotest down the swarthy fifty thousand. thou lettest all folk share thy bounty. That. invoked of manyVerily all rejoice in him. 7 He smote away the floods' obstructer. giver of blessings. May we. 1. forth flowed the waters swiftly. much strength thou foundest for us as our leader. as days subdue the nights with splendour. the prayerless Dasyu. Immortal One. Speed him with help in his irypired invokings: down sink the sorcerer. the Mighty. as the Bhrgus wrought a car. gavest up mighty Mrgaya and Pipru. GREAT art thou. Indra the peoples' King. He slaughtered Vrtra with his bolt. Sarama showed herself and went before thee. holding the brown steeds like spoil for capture. putting forth his strength.They with their songs cleft e'en the mountain open and willingly disclosed the stall of cattle. when thou first wast born. For thee a new hymn. fain to succour him. 13 Thou to the son of Vidathin. but be our bodies' guard and strong defender. 6 All Soma juices are his own for ever. 19 O Indra. while. to a singer like me brings quickly booty worth the capture. bold and furious Indra. 21 Now. Vrtra.

Him the black undulating cloud bedeweth. all horses. give us glory amply. the Holy Ones. when lauded. about to slaughter Vrtra. 5 Deeming him a reproach. [04-018] HYMN XVIII. his mother hid him. exalted glory due to him who lauds thee. for friendship. mine infant. craving strength and horses. 7 Are they addressing him with words of welcome? Will the floods take on them the shame of Indra? With his great thunderbolt my Son hath slaughtered Vrtra. otherwise. as soon as born. He bringeth us the booty that he winneth may we. the unconquerable Bull. the earth and heaven. May we. 10 The Heifer hath brought forth the Strong. Who gives the wives we seek. the furious Indra. through song be victors ever. 3 He bent his eye upon the dying Mother: My word I now withdraw. 6 With lively motion onward flow these waters. speeding on his way. the strong. to hasten. Let him not. Indra and Others. whose succour fails not. Indra. he whom his Mother bore for a thousand months and many autumns? No peer hath he among those born already. smitten through. 10 Renowned is he when conquering and when slaying: 'fis he who winneth cattle in the combat. In Tvastar's dwelling India drank the Soma. most fatherly of fathers giving the suppliant vital strength and freedom.-Maghavan. Indra. 4 What strange act shall he do. in this mid-air's depth. nor among those who shall be born hereafter. O Maghavan. 19 Alone. the path that he would follow. Indra! lauded. Forth from the side obliquely will I issue. For. Lord of Bays! is fashioned. mine. 20 E'en so let Maghavan. saying. like wind borne onward by the clouds that thunder. we the priests have paid thee worship. and filled. exalting thee with these our sacrifices. what cares he for the Father who begat him? His care is that which speeds his might in conflicts. and set these rivers free to wander. car-borne. continue in his friendship. 13 Maghavan makes the settled man unsettled: he scatters dust that he hath swept together. Then Indra said. he rested. 11 Then to her mighty Child the Mother turned her. my Son. 12 What is the care of Indra for his Mother. But. destroy his Mother. like a pitcher to the fountain. well-loved. a hundredworth of juice pressed from the mortar. whom Vyamsa struck to the ground and smote thy jaws in pieces. to the singer. The Mother left her unlicked Calf to wander. For thee a new hymn.-thy youthful mother: thee. when Indra Maghavan is lauded. 17 Be thou our guardian. he who breaketh forts in pieces. King of all creatures. That way I follow. Him in whose keeping is the well-loved singer never do Gods or mortals stay or hinder. 16 Eager for booty. 11 Indra hath won all kine. As Friend. Breaking in pieces like Heaven armed with lightning: Maghavan shall enrich the man who lauds h. 15 As in the night the sacrificing priest. shouting. as Sire. men's upholder. let power swell high like rivers for the singer. My son. 8 I cast thee from me. To him. Much that is yet undone must I accomplish. seeking himself. mine own offspring. Ask them to. 9 Thou art mine own. Then up he sprang himself. were the waters gracious. he frighteneth away assembled armies.9 Alone renowned as Maghavan in battles. 2 Not this way go I forth: hard is the passage. 1. dealing out wealth and gathering the treasure. one must I combat and the other question. these Deities forsake thee. and with thy bolt the Dasa's head thou crushedst. Hereby could one be born though waxen mighty. 14 He urged the chariot-wheel of Surya forward: Etasa. endowed with all heroic valour. stride full boldly forward. Indra. at the base of darkness. When Indra hardeneth his indignation all that is fixed and all that moveth fear him. 18 Be helping Friend of those who seek thy friendship . together. rose up in conquering vigour. he slayeth many ne'er-resisted Vrtras. show thyself our kinsman. watching and blessing those who pour the Soma. THIS is the ancient and accepted pathway by which all Gods have come into existence. the Mighty. give life. Kusava hath swallowed. Indra. assumed his vesture.m. glorified with praises. we-singers stir Indra. as 'twere. 21 Now. the loud-voiced Indra. tell thee what the floods are saying. Most manly with these men of his who help him. all gold. <164> . give us true blessings. foeless. O my friend Vrtra. what girdling rock the waters burst asunder. the mastery thou wonnest.

like rivers. O Indra. bubbling. through song be victors ever. a scythe-armed victor. Hath told these deeds of might as thou hast wrought them. all the Gods here. Godlike Indra. hard to waken. Indra. the lofty Indra born or old for conquest. in combat. May Maghavan. with the Strongest. My consort I beheld in degradation. for the singer. drink. For thee a new hymn. the Helpers swift to listen. God invoked of many! 8 Of wealth and homes of men thou art the ruler. wast Sovran Ruler. 4 Loving us well.I. 9 Lord of Bay Steeds. slaying his foes in conflict. and tore away the summits of the mountains. thou leadest to an ample heap of riches. 11 Now. 9 By what great might is he renowned as strongest. like chariots. Thou didst refresh the streams and force the billows: thou. High. settest free obstructed rivers. 1. 6 Him who in native strength is like a mountain. allsustaining: Yea. and delight thee with food that cometh from the mountain ridges. verily. Indra. inclined to us. extended. loud-voiced and wielding thunder. Indra! lauded. Pouring forth freely. and opener of the stable of the cattle. 5 Him who is sung aloud by recent sages. [04-019] HYMN XIX. lie set free the rivers. stand by us at this sacrifice.The Dragon stretched against the seven prone rivers. He inundated thirsty plains and deserts. Indra. Helper of men. 7 Whom from of old there is not one to hinder. The blind saw clearly. come for our protection Lord of men. benevolent. like a bridegroom thinking of his consort. Thou slewest Ahi who besieged the waters. FROM near or far away may mighty Indra giver of succour. Thunder-armed! like hunters may we with thee subdue in fight our foemen. To win the booty. 4 Indra with might shook earth and her foundation as the wind stirs the water with its fury. Terrific wielder of the ancient thunder. 2 The Gods. the man who knoweth all thine ancient exploits. as worn witheld. flowing. shalt give us strength and fill us full of courage. in the battles. 1. flow forth streaming onward. close beside us. and to man's advantage. honouring this our sacrifice. having slain Vrtra. at their prayer didst check the rushing river and make the floods easy to cross. [04-020] HYMN XX. like fountains. O Indra. him invoked of many. O Thunder-wielding Indra. wherewith the Lofty One stirs up wild battles? <165> . THEE. of the wellpressed Soma. alone to slaughter Vrtra. waxen strong. 10 To the wise man. and milked the dry Cows of the mighty master. May we. unwedded. filled full with splendour as a jar with water. Drink of the meath we offer. like a ripe-fruited tree. where no joint was. O thou Strong and Mighty. glorified with praises. 7 He let the young Maids skilled in Law. 5 They ran to thee as mothers to their offspring: the clouds. 3 Thou. Lord of Bays! is fashioned. car-borne. rose. And both the worlds elected. born of truth.12 Who was he then who made thy Mother widow? Who sought to stay thee lying still or moving? What God. call hither Indra. relaxed their efforts: thou. when by the foot thy Sire thou tookest and slewest. 6 Thou for the sake of Vayya and Turviti didst stay the great stream. thee the Mighty. great acts. Indra. as he grasped the serpent. 8 Through many a morn and many a lovely autumn. was at hand to give thee comfort? 13 In deep distress I cooked a dog's intestines. thou broughtest from the ant-hill the unwedded damsel's son whom ants were eating. The Falcon then brought me the pleasant Soma. to favour and enrich us. with strength he burst the firm asunder. 2 May Indra come to us with Tawny Coursers. winner of spoil in combats. hastened forth together. Indra hath set at liberty to wander on earth the streams encompassed pressed together. brake the jar: hisjoints again united. who slumbered in perpetual sleep. Among the Gods I found not one to comfort. O Sage and Sovran Ruler. spontaneous. vouchsafe us riches. thou rentest with thy thunder. O Indra. let powers swell high. and duggest out their all-supporting channels. armed with thunder. none to curtail the riches of his bounty. 3 The insatiate one. Striving.

let power swell high. glorified with praises. He finds in lair the buffalo and wild-ox when the wise lead him on to vigorous exploit. 9 Auspicious are thy hands. 11 Now. hurler of the four-edged rain-producer with both his arms. He who comes wielding in his might the thunder. That which in Ausija's abode lies hidden. we. 1. come as the house-lord's priest within our chambers. At this new gift. whose joints for sake of friendship he hath covered. even that he makes for us. O Most Heroic. many floods and all the precipices. 4 Before the High God. attract thee To us-ward. waxen mighty. through song be victors ever. 11 Now. 10 Slay us not. who rules the people. When thou didst give the prisoned ones their freedom to wander at their will in long succession. striving. most glorious One. as the courser strains his. Wearing as wool Parusni for adornment. What sloth is this? Why dost thou not rejoice thee? Why dost thou not delight thyself with giving? 10 So Indra is the truthful Lord of treasure. Indra. 1. these Goddesses. mighty. all-surpassing. the mighty bearer. him who is Lord of great and lasting riches. like rivers. 5 These are thy great deeds. With Maruts. The Milch-kine issued from the streaming udder. 2 Here magnify his great heroic exploits. [04-021] HYMN XXI. most heroic. The Strong One bringeth nigh the Bull's two Parents: loud sing the winds.-who fixing reverence on reverence. 5 May the Priest. by strength. enriching men with bounties. O Indra. deeds to be told aloud at all libations. Whose will is like a Sovran in assembly. earth. he gives possessions to the man who lauds him. 6 True are all these thy deeds. That thou. in air's midregion. Indra! lauded. May he whose powers are many. Lord of many blessings. extolling thee. Lord of Tawny Coursers. his own supreme dominion. at his birth. will declare it. 6 When sitting pondering in deep devotion in Ausija's abode they ply the press-stone. thine. with this laud sung before thee. Lord of Bays! is fashioned. exceedingly strong leather bridle. like men. A new hymn. 4 That Indra will we laud in our assemblies. let power swell high. like Dyaus. In fear of thee. For thee a new hymn. <166> . Lord of Bays! for thee is fashioned.the singer. May we. who leads with boldness on to higher fortune. Indra. 7 Surely the power of Bharvara the mighty for ever helpeth to support the singer. the Great and Strong One.Best soother of the worshipper's great sorrow. 3 Hither let Indra come from earth or heaven. to come forth for delight and for devotion. praised. from the realm of light to aid us. the toiler's power. car-born. Conqueror. from the seat of Order. the Sisters then. bestow onus the ample gift which thou hast to give to him who offers. Indra. the Mighty. And bearing in his arrns the yearning thunder. THAT gift of ours which Indra loves and welcomes. giving Vent to his voice. and Soma. for the singer. O thou of manly spirit. gives prayer. Indra! lauded. Maghavan. May we. 8 Pressed is the gladdening stalk as 'twere a river: so let the rite. thine arms wellfashioned which proffer bounty. the rivers swiftly set themselves in motion. 2 Bull. Much-lauded! help us with thy power to riches: may I be sharer of thy Godlike favour. bring. and laud. destroy the Dragon. here be the Hero. and quickens with his floods the water-torrents. of the Bright One. or from a distance. glorified with praises. Indra. Indra. for. didst with thy bolt. Freedom he gave to man by slaying Vrtra. inciteth men to worshipwith lauds bring Indra hither to our dwellings. to thy praiser. strong. 8 When he unbars the spaces of the mountains. heaven trembled. 3 God who of all the Gods was born divinest. extolled thee. through song be victqrs ever. like rivers. Victor with Vayu where the herds are gathered. hither with speech from firmament or ocean. our feast-companion. MAY Indra come to us for our protection. 7 With joy. endowed with ample strength and mighty powers. bold and boldly daring. cherish. O Hero. [04-022] HYMN XXII. praise. May he whose wrath is fierce. with violent rush caused heaven and earth to tremble. care-borne.

who have entwined in him their firm affection? 6 Is then thy friendship with thy friends most mighty? Thy brotherhood with us. gives the singer treasures: he is the Lord who sends us gifts. removes transgressions. 1. upholds it swift moves the might of Law and wins the booty. having received the homage which he loveth. mark well my truthful praises. For us make Vrtras easy to be conquered: destroy the weapon of our mortal foeman. The praise-hymn of eternal Law. fighting. For thee a new hymn. win for himself the wealth which he possesseth? May he. Hence let the Soma banish those who pour not: even hence I joy to pay the Strong One worship. Lord of Bays. is fashioned. hearing. thought of eternal Law. the Son of Strength. Indra! lauded. is fashioned. Lord of Bays. what priest's sacrifice hath he made mighty. give up their bodies. Indra. May we. too. By holy Law long lasting food they bring us. Not disaffected. rejoicing in the Soma and its fountain? Delighting in juice. and what bond of friendship with a mortal hath the God chosen as this morn is breaking? How. eagerly drinking. best victorious deeds. 8 When the impetuous chief hath sought the confliet.glorified with praises. and the lord looked upon the long-drawn battle. How. 1. thine highest. to him may Indra give heroic vigour. 4 Strong God! the folk at need put forth their vigour. Send to us all intelligence arid wisdom O Maghavan. glorified with praises. <167> . through song be victors ever. -when may we tell it? The streams of milk move. For he the Hero. [04-024] HYMN XXIV. 11 Now. The matron calls to the Strong God whom pressers of Soma have encouraged int the dwelling. For thee a new hymn. marketh he the invoker's wishes? What are his ancient acts of bounty? Wherefore call they him One who filleth full the singer? 4 How doth the priest who laboureth. To Law belong the vast deep Earth and Heaven: Milch-kine supreme. 6 Indra gives comfort to the man who truly presses. When heroes. for him who longs fot it. hath oped the deaf ears of the living. 3 Him. When warrior bands encounter one another some in the grapple quit themselves like Indra. ye people. 10 Fixing eternal Law he. 11 Now. That Maghavan brings comfort in the foray to the religious man who pours libations. 10 Graciously listen to our prayer. 7 About to stay the Indra-less destructive spirit he sharpens his keen arms to strike her. to Law their milk they render. although our debts' exactor. through song be victors ever. May we. that he may grant us riches. 9 Firm-seated are eternal Law's foundations in its fair form are many splendid beauties.. let power swell high like rivers to the singer. for children and their offspring. that well-praised Indra gives us real bounties. as most wondrous sunlight. with devoted spirit this man he takes to be his friend in battles. 9 He bid a small price for a thing of value: I was content. let wealth swell hiah like rivers to the singer. still unpurchased. ever longing. and what love hath he for those who love him. car-borne. foe to foe. Whereby the Strong. each side. Indra. the beauty of the Lovely One for glory. O Indra. by holy Law have cows come to our worship. [04-023] HYMN XXIII. the men invoke in combat. glowing. 7 He who this day for Indra presses Soma. 5 Hence many a one worships the might of Indra: hence let the brew succeed the meal-oblation. the Soma.9 Ever by us perform thy most heroic. striving together in the whirl of battle. drives in the distant mornings that we know not. the God. prepares the brew and fries the grains of barleyLoving the hymns of that devoted servant. 2 What hero hath been made his feast-companion? Who hath been partner in his loving-kindness? What know we of his wondrous acts? How often comes he to aid and speed the pious toiler? 3 How heareth Indra offered invocation? How. and strength of varied sort bestow thou on us. 5 How. 8 Eternal Law hath varied food that strengthens. 2 To be invoked and hymned in fight with Vrtra. Indra! lauded. risking their lives they make him their protector. car-borne. WHAT worthy praise will bring before us Indra. arousing. O Victor. the Lofty One hath waxed for splendid riches. verily. be he who gives us cattle. returning.

asks Aditi for light. ninety-and-nine. for oblation. to Indra dear is the zealous. God-loving. [04-027] HYMN XXVII. or friend to him who pours not. let wealth swell high like rivers for the singer. O Maruts. 5 When the Bird brought it. 5 Him neither few men overcome. he brought to Manu the Godloved oblation. returning. and hence the Falcon hath acquired his glory. For thee a new hymn. Because. 7 The Falcon took and brought the Soma. Simple and clever. Lord of Bays. <168> . hath delighted. or the Adityas? Of whose pressed stalk of Soma drink the Asvins. 6 This Hero curbs the mighty for the zealous: the presser's brew Indra possesses solely: No brother. bind alliance. 1. Indra. is fashioned. fritridship. dwelling in contentment. ten thousand. yea. Indra! lauded. The Falcon. going. well-inclined in spirit? 4 To him shall Agni Bharata give shelter: long shall he look upon the Sun up-rising. man's Friend. [04-026] HYMN XXVI. He draws away his wealth and slays him naked. WHAT friend of man. hence in rapid motion sent on the wide path fleet as thought he hurried. The Bold One left Malignities behind him. left the foolish. and rain upon the man who brings oblation. 3 When with loud cry from heaven down sped the Falcon. own Friend to him who offers. Bird bringing from afar the draught that gladdens. Those who show forth their strength when urged to battle-these are the men who call for aid on Indra. kin. 1. yearning therefor. and the Gods moved according to my pleasure. thence hasting like the wind he bore the Bold One. [04-025] HYMN XXV. when helping Divodasa Atithigva. 2 I have bestowed the earth upon the Arya. I am the sapient Usana behold me. both milk out the udder. A hundred iron fortresses confined me but forth I flew with rapid speed a Falcon. with no car to bear him. brotherhood with Indra? Who hath recourse unto the Sage for succour? 3 Who claims to-day the Deities' protection. the Falcon speeding onward. strong. Kutsa the son of Arjuni I master. Indra. 7 Not with the wealthy churl who pours no Soma doth Indra. the devout. men who stand between diem. Dear is the pious. Friend of the Gods. And. 6 Bearing the stalk. As I lay within the womb. Straightway the Bold One left the fiends behind him and passed the winds as he grew yet more mighty. the hundredth habitation. I WAS aforetime Manu. Indra. the Hero manliest of heroes. glorified with praises. in wild joy of Soma. brought. I. the archer Krsanu aimed and loosed the string to strike him. grasping fast. 10 Who for ten milch-kine purchaseth from rne this Indra who is mine? When he hath slain the Vrtras let the buyer give him back to me. utterly. wildly raging in his mind. Who sayeth. nor many to him shall Aditi give spacious shelter. wise. I guided forth the loudly-roaring waters. considered all generations of these Gods in order. 11 Now. I was Surya: I am the sage Kaksivan. 3 In the wild joy of Soma I demolished Sambara's forts. through song be victors ever. and Agni. Let us press the juice for Indra. bearing thousand libations with him. destroyer of the dumb who would resist him. May we. dear the Soma-bringer. supreme of falcons be this fleet-winged Falcon. 4 Before all birds be ranked this Bird. Swift he returned with sweetness of the Soma. car-borne. the Soma which be bad taken from yon loftiest heaven. 4 The Falcon bore him from heaven's lofty summit as the swift car of Indra's Friend bore Bhujyu.pinioned. 1. 2 Not at his own free pleasure did he bear me: he conquered with his strength and manly courage. together. Then. 8 Highest and lowest. holy singer. this day in Indra's friendship? Who with enkindled flame and flowing Soma laudeth him for his great protecting favour? 2 Who hath with prayer bowed to the Soma-lover? What pious man endues the beams of morning? Who seeks bond.He heightened not his insufficient offer. Soma-drinker.

mightier than thou: Verily there is none like thee. 5 And now let Maghavan accept the beaker. and piercing through set free the habitations. 1. Indra. 4 He who with succour comes to his implorer. 1. 3 Not even all the gathered Gods conquered thee. 6 When also for a mortal man. true Wealth-bestower. Indra. [04-029] HYMN XXIX. COME. Indra and Soma. O Indu. filled with milk. Mighty One. and sent forth the Seven Rivers. 3 Indra smote down. Indra-Soma. Past even the foeman's manifold libations. Indra. ye put to death the foemen. [04-028] HYMN XXVIII. Indra. in this thy friendship. Heaven's Daughter. thou o'ercamest all the furious Gods. 4 Lower than all besides hast thou. 5 When. Maghavan. <169> . from her ruined car. 8 And this heroic deed of might thou. When the strong God had shattered it. 2 Indu. that he may show his vigour and may be joyful in the way he loveth. that he may take and drink it to his rapture. on heaven's high summit was separated from the great oppressor. 1. art not thou. 3 Make his cars hear. and Kutsa as he battled. Heroes. didst crush Usas. Vrtra-slayer. Fearless. white. May mighty Indra pouring forth in bounty bestow on us good roads and perfect safety. glorified with our hymns. He who himself sets to the pole swift Coursers. princes and priests and singers. [04-030] HYMN XXX. Indra. all life's support. the Hero. unto us with powers and succours. 11 So there this car of Usas lay. The stable which the bar or stone obstructed. and conscious that his Steeds are noble. and opened as it were obstructed fountains. and took great vengeance with your murdering weapons. Indra. Thunder-wielder. ye burst the stable of the kine and horses. 4 When for the sake of those oppressed. thou speddest forth the Sun. in the war. 7 What? Vrtra-slayer. And holpest Etasa with might. also hast achieved. The best of sweet meath which the priests have offered: that Indra to his joy may drink. in Vipas. ALLIED with thee. Soma. 9 Thou. lauded. by thee protected may we be thine. fighting singly. the Dasyus ere the noontide in the conflict. Indra for man made waters flow together. he who hath hundreds. Ye drave away. none is better. O Indra. fiercest in thy wrath? So hast thou quelled the demon too. 5 O Indra Maghavan. O INDRA. and all desire its bounty. he joyeth with the Soma-pouring heroes. 5 So. affrighted. thousands. Indra. meditating ill. Agni consumed. Sharing the riches sent from lofty heaven which yields much food. filled with the shining liquid. O Indra. 2 Like chariot-wheels these people all together follow after thee: Thou ever art renowned as Great. though Daughter of the Sky. When thou didst lengthen days by night. cast down the Dasyus. broken to pieces. the singer here who with his song invites him. of a truth. to this our sacrifice he cometh marking how he is called by Soma-pressers. 2 Man's Friend. That thou didst smite to death the Dame. Of those who gladly sought a hard-won dwelling he cast down many a thousand with his arrow. thou slewest those who strove with thee. 10 Then from her chariot Usas fled. abject tribes of Dasas. with thy Tawny Steeds.Then downward bither fell a flying feather of the Bird hasting forward in his journey. Slew Ahi. What rolled. with thee for his confederate. Thou stolest away the Sun's car-wheel. When lifting up herself in pride. exulting. Indra swiftly with might pressed down the wheel of Surya.

both Aryas. 11 Do thou elect us this place for friendship and prosperity. 8 And verily to him who toils and presses Soma juice for thee Thou quickly givest ample wealth. 18 Arpa and Citraratha. Indra. him who brought oblationt. Indra. Lord of Heroes. Crushed like the fellies. the people call thee Maghavan. 12 Thou. None may attain this bliss of thine. ever-waxing Friend. The castaway. didst conduct those two forlorn. for Dabhiti's sake. the lame. None be there now to hinder it. those Who feared the flood. 21 The thirty thousand Disas he with magic power and weapons sent To slumber. thy hundred and thy thousand aids: May all thy favours strengthen us. and the God Karulati give all things fair. With what most mighty company? 2 What genuine and most liberal draught will spirit thee with juice to burst Open e'en strongly-guarded wealth? 3 Do thou who art Protector of us thy friends who praise thee With hundred aids approach us. with magic power resist the overflowing stream Who spread her waters o'er the land. <170> . also smotest down Kulitara's son Sambara. slewest swift. caused the unwedded damsel's son. whatever deed of might thou hast this day to execute. 5 Thou seekest as it were thine own stations with swift descent of powers: I share thee even with the Sun. Indra. so turn thee hitherward to us. Vrtra-slayer. Nor thy great deeds when thou wilt act.And she herself fled far away. 23 Indra. 24 O Watchful One. 19 Thou. 14 Thou. Indra. didst. not a hundred hinderers can check thy gracious bounty's flow. 4 Like as a courser's circling wheel. 20 For Divodasa. may Aryaman the God give thee all goodly things. 10 May thine assistance keep us safe. Lord of Power and Might. 6 What time thy courage and his wheels together. thou. Powers. Lord of Might. wonderful. 9 No. to share the lauds. brought Turvaga and Yadu. The Dasa. thou art general Lord of kine for all. 7 So even. who pauses not to think. When thou didst crush his fortresses. 17 So sapient Indra. Indra. run their course With thee and with the Sun alike. the blind. O Vrtra-slayer. WITH what help will he come to us. Thou Shaker of all things that be. in safel o'er. 22 As such. from the lofty hill. 15 Of Dasa Varcin's thou didst slay the hundred thousand and the five. 1. 13 Valiantly didst thou seize and take the store which Susna had amassed. Giver. On yonder side of Sarayu. Bhaga. of a car. Attracted by the hymns of men. [04-031] HYMN XXXI. May Risan. 16 So Indra. 1ndra overthrew A hundred fortresses of stone.

come. Even as a lover in his bride. Turn thy two Bay Steeds hitherward. 3 Even with the weak thou smitest down him who is stronger. ten water-ewers wrought of gold: Thou. 14 Our chariot. evermore with overflowing store of wealth: With all thy succours aid thou us. 14 Excellent Indra. ne'er repulsed. what Disa forts thou brakest down. 2 Swift and impetuous art thou. Give them renown with hero sons. 10 We will declare thy hero deeds. Indra. with the wealth of kine. Thou wrougbtest when the Soma flowed. <171> . make our fame to be most excellent among the Gods. And hundred jars of Soma juice.And great celestial opulence. with the Friends thou hast. Most lofty as the heaven on high. 19 We have obtained. givest much. with thy strength The mighty. 16 Eat of our sacrificial cake: rejoice thee in the songs we sing. do we invocate. open thou forus The stables that are filled with kine. Comrades for lively energy. we are close to thee. O Indra. O Caster of the Stone. even us. 15 O Surya. therefore. Blameless. 13 For. 17 To India for a thousand steeds well-trained and fleet of foot we pray. O Indra. Indra. art alone the Lord of strength that comes from kine So grant thou us abundant food. 18 We make a hundred of thy kine. 9 The Gotamas have sung their song of praise to thee that thou mayst give. boldly moves endued with splendour. Indra. the Gotamas who bring thee praises have grown strong by thee. come with thy succours wonderful. yea. 6 May we be friends of one like thee. 11 The sages sing those manly deeds which. Indra. Attacking them in rapturous joy. wondrous amid the well-dressed folk: Thou doest marvels for our help. for lively energy. [04-032] HYMN XXXII. a gift from thee. Vrtra-slayer. Lover of the Song. and irresistible. Lover of the Song. Winning for us both kine andsteeds. to thee we sing aloud our songs: Help hnd defend us. 8 They turn thee not another way. 13 With new protections. Indra. hasten nigh: So let thy bounty come to us. Indra. 1. hither to our side. Thou wilt give wealth to those who praise. O Indra. when. 12 Indra. 7 For thou. and a thousand. O Indra. Mighty One with thy mighty aids. 5 As such. 4 O Indra. Indra. verily thou art the general treasure even of all . Soma-drinker thou. turn to us: glad thee among us with the juice Of Somas. O THOU who slewest Vrtra. 12 Favour us. bring thee near to us. like an archer. 15 May praise from us who think Qn thee. lauded. Thee.

To this our sacrifice come Rbhu.Rbhus.-the Rbhus. dexterous-handed. Therefore do ye who are so great. O Rbhus. give us much. Rbhus! unto you is offered. who were lying like posts that moulder. Four beakers let us make. Tvastar approved this rede of yours. <172> . the third and great libation. as those who wish a friend to prosper. 10 They whol made glad with sacrifice and praises. [04-034] HYMN XXXIV. I SEND my voice as herald to the Rbhus. like men. thy bounty let us share. throughout a year fashioned and formed her body. protect our sacrifice. deft in work and gracious. Wind-sped.. through these their labours they were made immortal. 3 May they who made their Parents. pondering it with thought and mental insight. to gladden you. 2 What time the Rbus had with care and marvels done proper service to assist their Parents. 2 Knowing your birth and rich in gathered treasure. I. 5 Come to us. [04-033] HYMN XXXIII. Rbhus. 5 Two beakers let us make. bring much and not a trifling gift: Much.thus said the eldest.20 A bounteous Giver. And Tvastar. 21 O Vrtra-slayer. waters filled the hollows. his docile Steeds. bestow upon us gear and growth of riches. Not without toil are Gods inclined to friendship. lley made fair fertile fields. 3 For you was made this sacrifice. Vibhvan. Rbhus. young again for ever. O Rbhus. for him who served you. Even may they form wealth for us. Vibhvan. Indra. 24 For me the Bays are ready when I start. wise Son of him who giveth kine Terrify not the cows with these. 8 May they who formed the swift car. the Sages carried away the fruit of their devotion. They won the friendship of the Gods. wilt thou fain bestow.. 11 This day have they set gladdening drink before you. with the dawn. Indra's Rbhuksan.thus spoke the youngest.this was the younger's sentence. So shine the Bay Steeds in their course. 9 So in their work the Gods had satisfaction. won for yourselves aforetime. vouchsafe us treasures at this third libation. 1. upon a new-wrought post. or start not. the Skillful Ones in rapid motion have in an instant compassed round the heaven. Vajas. I crave the white cow for the overspreading. And through a year's space still sustained her brightness. 22 I praise thy pair of Tawny Steeds. Rbhus. To you come all who find in you their pleasure: ye all were-even the two elder-Vajas. O Heroes. glorified for the sake of mighty treasure. and Indra with the gift of riches. 4 As for a year the Rbhus kept the Milch-cow. 4 Now for the mortal worshipper. Innocuous in the ways they take. Heroes. Plants spread o'er deserts. 6 The men spake truth and even so they acted: this Godlike way of theirs the Rbhus followed. was moved with envy. Drink. O Rbhus. Because this day hath Dhisana the Goddess set drink for you: the gladdening draughts have reached you. thou art famed in many a place as bountiful Hero. rejoice together with the Rtus. 23 Like two slight images of girls. Rbhu.. bearing Heroes. Vajas and Rbhuksans. for Indra. Varuna's was Vibhvan. unrobed. Lct us make three. wrought the two Bays. the Soma-lovers. joined with Indra . they brought the rivers. The Gods' expert artificer was Vaja. which ye. and the Cow omniform and all-impelling. 7 When for twelve days the Rbhus joyed reposing as guests of him who never may be hidden. Vaja. when he looked on the four beakers resplendent as the day. The gladdening draughts and wisdom have approached you: send ye us riches with good store of heroes.May Vaja. was the gift of riches.

6 Come to this sacrifice of ours. drink it with high delight. For him. O ye Vajas. the car that never errs. being such. Rbhus. ye Princes. Drink of this meath. In that your aged Parents. and drink. mid the Gods. only thine. ilymn-lover! with the Maruts drink it: Close-knit with drinkers first. Rbhus. deft-handed Rbhus. 3 O Vajas. as cows. set the heaven and earth asunder. O Vajas. is the noonday libation. that bestoweth treasure. your great work must be extolled. Divine One. here was the drinking of the well-pressed Soma. In full accord with Savitar. Rbhus. THia car that was not made for horses or for reins. O Rbhus . ye sustain the earth and heaven. give unto us and those who laud our present. and by your wisdom brought the Cow forth from the hide. at dawn thejuice thou drankest: thine. stay not afar. 1. reaching far. for Gods to drink. to drink of this drinkoffering. rejoicing. 4 Out of what substance was that chalice fashioned which ye made fourfold by your art and wisdom? Now for the gladdening draught press out the liquor. in rich sustenance and treasure. O Friend. ye have become immortal. Let gladdening draughts approach you after Indra's. who drink in season. with the Kings. ye. Such. rolls round the firmament. their stable. O ye Sons of Strength. have fashioned wealth with plenteous store of heroes. Vajas and Rbhus. whom your artist skill hath raised to Godhead have set you down above in heaven like falcons. among the Gods this was your exaltation gloriously declared. who helped their Parents and the Asvins. Since by dexterity and skill as craftsmen ye made the single chalice to be fourfold 3 Ye made fourfold the chalice that wag single: ye spake these words and said. the cup. At this libation is your gift of treasure. 1. O Rbhus. 2 Hither is come the Rbhus' gift of riches. 6 Whoso pours out for you. Children of Sudhanvan. So quickly. of die meath of Soma. we invoke. you. in full accord with floods that pour forth riches. So give us riches. 11 Ye were not far: we have not left you thirsting. O Rbhus. which ye have won by skill.reaching Heroes. O Rbhus. Then. 4 The chalice that wag single ye have made fourfold. 7 Lord of Bay Steeds. 9 The third libation. rich in treasure. in concord with the Parvatas. 9 Rbhus. the sharp libation for your joy. Vajas! gained the path of life eternal. to the Gods' assembly. blameless in this our sacrifice. joined with Indra with whom ye are in full accord. with joy like Indra's. assist us.This drink hath been effused for you. whose calves are newly-born. 7 Close knit with Varuna drink the Soma. O ye Rbhus. whom for their skill thou madest friends. ye Children of Sudhanvan. by thought. O ye Rbhus. Indra. ye Rbhus. 8 Ye. With cunning. they have made good offspring. Rbhus. that. 10 Ye who have wealth in cattle and in booty. [04-035] HYMN XXXV. 8 Rejoice in full accord with the Adityas. 2 Ye Sapient Ones who made the lightly-rolling car out of your mind. Gods! that ye may give us riches. O mighty Rbhus. O Indra. close-knit. ye dexterous-handed. Now drink thou with the wealth-bestowing Rbhus. ye Children of Strength. worthy of lauds. ye formed with cunning. Come hither. Wealth-givers. [04-036] HYMN XXXVI. first to drink. worn with length of days. ye wrought again to youth so that they moved at will. three-wheeled. rejoicing. when days are closing. ye gained immortal life. That is the great announcement of your Deity. and ye Rbhus.-far. You. close-knit with heavenly Dames who give us treasures. who formed the Milch-cow and the pair of horses. Rejoice you with the Maruts and with Indra. fashioned the two swift Tawny Steeds who carry Indra.These draughts approach you as the day is closing. <173> . Made armour. invoked with humble adoration. in heroes. O Sons of Strength. 5 Ye with your cunning made your Parents youthful.

looking on the assemblies. O Rbhus.Springing forth like a hero fain for battle. gay Gods. the bowman is a hero hard to beat in fight. by the paths which Gods are wont to travel. with fair chains of gold and jaws of iron. [04-038] HYMN XXXVIII. Him. to you who are aloft in heaven. And. 5 Loudly the folk cry after him in battles. 3 Your threefold going near is God-appointed. Ye Princes. May the abundant juices bear you onward to power and strength. delight you. casts o'er his brows the dust he tosses upward. the mightiest comrade in the fight. the hymn of praise: Vajas and Rbhus. Rbhuksans. at sacrifice and with the steed. rich in high courage. by his thoughts. the giver of many gifts. fain to come forth first amid these armies. joy therein. accept in splendid weather the sacrifice among these folk of Manus. ye Nasatyas. or a herd of cattle. 2 And ye gave mighty Dadhikras. COME to our sacrifice. 4 Who gaineth precious booty in the combats and moveth.5 Wealth from the Rbhus is most glorious in renown. Rbhus. here fashion fame for us befitting heroes. lauded. 9 Bestowing on us here riches and offspring. 6 And. and the strong smiter who subdued the Dasytis. FROM you two came the gifts in days aforetime which Trasadasyu granted to the Purus. 1. free for us the paths to sacrifice. making him a garland. who visiteth all people. ye progeny of Indra. For ye have lore and wisdom and poetic skill: as such. excellent. 5 Rbhuksans! him. Vajas and Rbhuksans. that we may press forward to each point of heaven. as 'twere a thief who steals away a garment. In synods must be sung the car which Vibhvan wrought: that which ye favour. Fashion for us. those who attack tremble and are affrighted. tossing the dust. beyond the churl. For when he fights against embattled thousands. to worship of the living. [04-037] HYMN XXXVII. 8 And at his thunder. 1. to you the best is offered to delight you. and vital strength. dread is he in his striving. 8 According to the wishes of our hearts may ye. 7 O Vajas and Rbhuksans. 7 To you hath been assigned the fairest ornament. that ample riches may be won. Dadhikris. as 'twere down a precipice. when imbibed. like a brave King whom each true man must honour. that which the Heroes. As ye. with this our prayer we call on you to come. Ye gave the winner of our fields and plough-lands. Impetuous hawk. Must be successful. bless this wealth. before other men's. none may stay him. 4 Strong. ye and Indra favour with your help. Rbhus. famed for vigour. the steed. Gods! is famed among mankind. even as a hungry falcon swooping downward. we invoke. 2 May these rites please you in your heart and spirit. 8 O Vajas and Rbhuksans. Shown in bright colour. the man a sage in eloquence. the Soma. Great store of wealth and manly power hath he obtained whom Vaja. obedient with his body in the combat. that we may make us more renowned than others. champing the rein that holds him. who have full knowledge of all the delights of men. this way and that with rows of cars he rushes. Speeding to glory. Indra. ye have a splendid car and well-fed horses. Indra's equal. among the cattle. for handy wealth. and. most bounteous ever. victorious and faithful. So. swift and of varied colour. have produced. each Puru praises and his heart rejoices. like the roar of heaven. whirling the car and flying like the tempest. Vouchsafe us wealth of splendid sort. Speeding straight on amid the swiftly ressing. Vibhvan. so praise is given you. Rbhus have looked kindly on. may the drops clothed in oil this day approach you. Gods. Ye Sons of Strength. Gay like a bridesman. mid younger folk I offer. Manus-like. 7 And that strong Steed. O Rbhus. winning spoil. 6 The mortal man whom. <174> . swift rushing. power and splendid wealth. 3 Whom. Vajas. 6 Strong is the steed. rich in steeds.

2 I praise the mighty Steed who fills my spirit. Varuna and Mitra. as his strength allows. delight in flowing Soma. for worthy sons and grandsons. requite with sweetness these my words and praises. as of a bird that hastens onward to its aim. [04-039] HYMN XXXIX Dadhikras. 1. honoured with dainty food. 4 Indra and Varuna. seeking war and booty. 1. and Surya. dwelling with the good and with the swift. [04-041] HYMN XLI. Indra and Varuna. <175> . the fleet. for the Sun's beauty and for steer-like vigour. 3 Him who hath honoured. Sweet may he make our mouths. When they. And. he is holy Law. Dadhikravan. rapid runner. in sky. 4 Bound by the neck and by the flanks and by the mouth. May he the true. 2 Brave. 3 His pinion. Drawing himself together. 7 For you. Indra-Varuna. 6 So have I glorified with praise strong Dadhikravan. Gods. 5 Both sides invoke him as they call on Indra when they stir forth and turn to sacrificing. in the house the guest. Mitra. as Friends inclined to friendship. gone forth to pasture. Dweller in noblest place. ye hurl. the vigorous Courser lends new swiftness to his speed. 3 Indra and Varuna are most liberal givers of treasure to the men who toil to serve them. Whom. May Indra-Varuna with gracious favours work marvels for us in the stress of battle. for your ancient kindness. WHAT laud. in spirit? 2 He who with dainty food hath won you. Dawn. and the thunder-wielding Indra. and mention in our laud the Earth and Heaven. the lover of the course. bring food. May the Dawns flushing move me to exertion.9 The people praise the overpowering swiftness of this fleet Steed who giveth men abundance. kine. Jayeth the Vrtras and his foes in battles. strength. be ye the lovers of this my song. thousands. fans him m his way. Varuna. mountain. and Agni. swift of foot aind shining bright as Agni. 1. Dadhikras springs along the windings of the paths. the priest beside the altar. as the Sun lightens the waters. Praise of the Lord of Waters. as steers who love the milch-Cow. 4 When we remember mighty Dadhikravan our food and strength. good comrades of the man who seeks for booty. may he hasten the food of Dawn. the Courser Dadhikrivan. 10 Dadhikras hath o'erspread the Fivefold People with vigour. and Agni. and bear me safely over every trouble. Brhaspati Son of Angiras. touched you. addressed with homage. strikes Dadhikravan's side as he speeds on with might. as his allies to friendship. and through your mighty favours is made famous. we invoke for welfare. 5 O Indra-Varuna. when the flame is kindled at break of dawn. as Princes. O Indra-Varuna. on him your strongest flashing bolt of thunder Who treats us ill. the Stallion Dadhikravan rich in bounties. with oblation. then the blest name of Maruts. O Mighty. of one mind with Varuna and Mitra may Aditi make free from all transgression. the Vasu in mid-air. truth. Milk may it yield us as. the great Cow pouring out her thousand rivers. hath like the Immortal Priest obtained your favour? Hath our effectual laud. conquering Steed. To us have Varuna and Mitra granted the Courser Dadhikris. O Indra-Varuna. the robber and oppressor: measure on him your overwhelming vigour. mid men. may he prolong the days we have to live. LET us recite the praise of Dadhikravan: may all the Mornings move me to exertion. in truth. gave to Purus. 6 For fertile fields. Now give we praise to Dadhikras the rapid. as it were a falcon's gliding through the air. a guide for mortals. Dadhikras hath sped forward with his thousands. the bird-like Dadhikravan. 5 The Hamsa homed in light. Of him they say when drawing back from battle. May the strong Steed who winneth bundreds. ye. and light. born of flood. Him. [04-040] HYMN XL.

joined and held together. So may the Twain who work with newest succours bring yoked teams hitherward to us and riches. Sweets from your sweet shall drop. come. as Indra to give help in stress of battle. I AM the royal Ruler. And that Milch-cow who ahrinks not from the milking. I am the King of men's most lofty cover. even as Tvastar knowing all beings. 8 Showing their strength. Then unto her ye gave King Trasadasyu. 4 I made to flow the moisture-shedding waters. 1. whereby ye come to us when invocated? Whether of you confronts e'en great betrayal? Lovers of sweetness. lovers of sweetness! These have they dressed for you as dainty viands. <176> . O Indra-Varuna. 7 Whene'er I gratified you here together. 8 Our fathers then were these. as to battle. like mares. excite the conflict. these the two wide deep fairly-fashioned regions. Descended from the sky. Asvins. call on me in combat. mine is empire. 6 Let Sindhu with his wave bedew your horses: in fiery glow have the red birds come hither. 2 I am King Varuna. 1. give to us daily. Lord of surpassing vigour. as mine who sway all life are all Immortals. both the unbounded regions are affrighted. They have come nigh to you as treasurelovers. 3 I Varuna am Indra: in their greatness. I am the King of men's most lofty cover. These the two world-halves have I. a demi-god. [04-043] HYMN XLIII. strong-pinioned. 10 May we. the slayer of the foeman. Indra-Varuna. 11 Come with your mighty succours. When lauds and Soma juice have made me joyful. is my wish directed. what time the son of Durgaha was captive. selected warriors. may we through you be winners in the contest. to Indra-Varuna my thoughts and praises. and set the heaven firm in the scat of Order. what time it turneth hither from the ocean. Thou madest flow the floods that were obstructed. most liberal Heroes bringing bliss like parents. 3 So many days do ye come swiftly hither. I Indra Maghavan. 5 Heroes with noble horses. possessing much. Free-givers I have gone to you. conquering foemen. the Seven his. O ye rich in booty. O ye Mighty. fain for battle. Gods in oblations and the kine in pasture. For her they gained by sacrifice Trasadasyu. By Law the Son of Aditi. O Indra-Varuna. who of those who merit worship. your grace was given us. To me were given these first existinghigh celestial powers. which of all Gods take pleasure in our homage? On whose heart shall we lay this laud celestial. 9 To Indra and to Varuna. rich with fair offerings. help and save us. 5 In the wide space your chariot reacheth heaven. devoted. as milk to Soma. Nasatyas. What time the flashing arrows play in combat. the singer of your praises: to you. of ample sustenance for car and hones. the demi-god. Varuna's will the Gods obey and follow. WHO will hear. delight in riches. like Indra. by which of all your powers are ye most mighty? 4 What is the prayer that we should bring you. desirous of gaining wealth have these my thoughts proceeded. to us in battle. divine. thou great Disposer! Thou art renowned as having slain the Vrtras. Observed of all was that your rapid going. fleet-footed. with homage. I stir the dust. Dasras. Varuna's will the Gods obey and follow. whereby ye were the Lords of Siirya's Daughter. eager for the glory. hath spread abroad the world in threefold measure. 10 May we ourselves be lords of during riches. 7 All beings know these deeds of thine thou tellest this unto Varuna. Protect. ye Twain. [04-042] HYMN XLIL Indra-Varuna. these hymns for grace.We choose to us for the dear bond of friendship. 6 All this I did. Asvins. 9 The spouse of Purukutsa gave oblations to you. For glory have they gone. The Gods' own conquering power never impedeth me whom none opposeth. dearest to Immortals? 2 Who will be gracious? Who will come most uickly of all the Gods? Who will bring liss most largely? What car do they call swift with rapid coursers? That which the Daughter of the Sun elected. Law Observer.

7 Whene'er I gratified you here together. Asvins 1. mount the goldenseated car that aids The sacrifice. Suffer not other worshippers to stay you here are ye bound by earlier bonds of friendship. Indra-Vayu 1. hitherward To drink the Soma. Stripping the covering from the surrounded gloom. awake at early morn. 7 Devout in thought I have declared. Indra. Because the men have sent you praise. with Indra. of the sunlight. that reaches heaven. O Indra-Vayu. from heaven. rich in store of mcath. harness for the meath's sake the chariot that ye love. chasing with day the gloom. and Vayu. O Asvins. Nasatyas. your chariot with good steeds. O Vayu. and spreading through mid-air bright radiance like the Sun. 2 Come. strong to draw. the singer of your praises: to you. spread through the firmament bright radiance like the Sun. Wherewith ye travel swiftly through the regions to the prompt worshipper who brings oblation. 3 May steeds a thousand bring you both. your grace was given us. 3 Who bringeth you to-day for help with offered oblation. O ye rich in booty. and Ajamilhas come to the laudation. O Asvins. 4 For ye. 6 Now for us both. fitted with seats. 2 Forth come your viands rich with store of pleasant meath. WE will invoke this day your car. or with hymns to drink the juices? Who. and a skin filled with meath is rustling as the fourth. ye gained that glory by your Godhead. Food followeth close upon your bright appearing when stately horses in your chariot draw you. 6 The rays advancing nigh. O Asvins. 5 Come hitherward to us from earth. Asvins. by your own might and power. which lasts for ever. for the sacrifice's ancient lover. 3 Drink of the meath with lips accustomed to the draught. with thy hundred helps. seated in the car. 5 Well knowing solemn rites and rich in meath. farspreading. When with pure hands the prudent energetic priest hath with the stones pressed out the Soma rich in meath. 1. rich in treasure. O Asvins. Nasatyas. ye omnipresent! come to this sacrifice of ours. Drink of the pleasant liquor of the Soma give riches to the people who adore you. ye Sons of Heaven. Swimming the flood. [04-045] HYMN XLV. even the gathering. fain for draughts that cheer: ye come like flies to our libations of-the meath. is my wish directed. DRINK the best draught of Soma-juice. offering homage? 4 Borne on your golden car. team-drawn. O WonderWorkers. gold-pinioned. and drink your fill of juice. Refresh the way ye go. bring the skin that holds the meath. 4 The swans ye have are friendly. Asvins.Car praised in hymns. [04-046] HYMN XLVI. YONDER goes up that light: your chariot is yoked that travels round upon the summit of this heaven. Vayu.[04-044] HYMN XLIV. ye Twain. riches exceeding great with store of heroes. mete out. refresh the paths with meath: hither. And the Sun harnessing his horses goeth forth: ye through your Godlike nature let his paths be known. borne on your golden chariot rolling lightly. Protect. exultant. the fires sing to the morning Asvins at the break of day. at our holy rites: For thou art he who drinketh first. Vaya. to the feagt. the car that beareth Surya. 2 Asvins. most ample. and cars and horses at the flushing of the dawn. <177> . Within this car are stored three kindred shares of food. turneth you hither.

2 O Vayu. on refulgent car come to the drinking of the juice. mighty Twain. speeding together. O Heroes. O Vayu. 7 Hither. Come to our succour with your team. O Indra-Vayu. set before them. With songs. Brhaspati. TASTE offerings never tasted yet. hitherward. 4 May nine-and-ninety harnessed steeds who yoke them at thy will bring thee. 5 Harness. [04-049] HYMN XLIX. Vayu. who sitteth in threefold seat. DEAR is this offering in your mouth. in well-marked wise rejoicing were they. deep-thinking. Here for your draught of Soma juice. [04-050] HYMN L. the stall uninjured. 3 O Indra-Vayu. 4 Vouchsafe us riches hundredfold. Indra-Vayu. Him of the pleasant tongue have ancient sages. ever-moving birthplace. [04-047] HYMN XLVIL Vayu. Within the giver's dwelling-place. 6 Drink. 6 Here. O Indra and Brhaspati: Famed is the laud. 2 This lovely Soma is effused. With store of horses. seated by thy side. Indra-Brhaspati. O Vayu. on refulgent car come to the drinking of the juice. from thy remotest distance have they sat down who love the law eternal. ye to whom the sacrifice is paid. holy singers. on refulgent car come to the drinking of the juice. Brhaspati. Turn to us. O Vayu. 1. 3 As Soma-drinkers to our house come. the bright is offered thee. thou and Indra are meet drinkers of these Soma-draughts. Preserve Brhaspati. accordant with the Gods. 2 Wild in their course. to drink it and rejoice. this company's raining. O Indra and Brhaspati. for the worshipper. and Brhaspati. is the juice: drink it. 5 O Indra. 2 Removing curses. thousandfold. Come thou to drink the Soma juice. with 1ndra. Indra-Vayu. Indra-Vayu. 4 The longed-for teams which ye possess. 3 Brhaspati. Indra-Vayu. longed-for. with thunder. as bards enjoy the foeman's wealth.5 On far-refulgent chariot come unto the man who offers gifts: Come. we call you when the meath is shed. For you. the gladdening draught. For unto you the drops proceed as waters gather to the vale. 3 The two dark treasuries of wealth that wear all beauties wait on thee. Indra and Brhaspati. be your journey here unyoke your steeds. 1. to drink the Soma juice. O Indra. <178> . best of the meath at holy rites. Him who with might hath propped earth's ends. O Vayu. on thy team-drawn car. [04-048] HYMN XLVIII. the Soma in the giver's house: Delight yourselves abiding there. on refulgent car come to the drinking of the juice. Yea. to thy car a hundred well-fed tawny steeds. God. and Brhaspati. Lords of Strength. and let thy chariot come to us with might. or a thousand steeds. O Vayu. Brhaspati. 1. that ye may drink the Soma juice. drawn by teams. 1. Vayu. who pressed around us. Indra and Brhaspati-and Indra-to drink Soma juice.

after her Sister shining forth. O Dawns. to motion. the seven-toned singer? 5 With horses harnessed by eternal Order. 10 Indra. Assist our holy thoughts. As from our pleasant place of rest ye rouse us may we be masters of heroic vigour. bring welfare to the people. ye seek with wealth Navagva. [04-052] HYMN LIL Dawm. they are not known aparto alike. Concealing the gigantic might of darkness with radiant bodies bright and pure and shining. rainers of treasure. Brhaspati. The Dawn became the Asvins' Friend. 6 Serve we with sacrifices. and thou art the Asvins' Friend. ye Mornings. hath shown herself. from one place spreading in the selfsame manner. adorns and worships him as foremost sharer. 11 Well-skilled in lore of sacrifice. 7 Blest were these Dawns of old. To him the people with free will pay homage-the King with whom the Brahman hatb precedence. refulgent Dawns. 1. bestow upon us wealth with store of children. FORTH from the darkness in the region eastward this most abundant splendid light hatb mounted. Brhaspati. Mother of the Kine. Wherewith. hymning and lauding. the sleeping. Who cherishes Brhaspati well-tended. rejoicing at this sacrifice drink the Soma. ye Daughters of Heaven. 4 O Goddesses. 9 Thus they go forth with undiminished colours. and all that lives. 4 Brhaspati. Dasagva Angira. with his seven rays. Awaking. splendid and purifying. Daughters of Heaven. And. 3 Dispelling gloom this day the wealthy Mornings urge liberal givers to present their treasures. the Mother of the Kine art thou: O Dawn thou rulest over wealth. which murmuring round about pour streams of sweetness. with noble progeny and store of heroes. In the unlightened depth of darkness round them let niggard traffickers sleep unawakened. with his sevenfold mouth. man. when first he had his being from mighty splendour in supremest heaven. blew and dispersed the darkness. 8 In his own house he dwells in peace and comfort: to him for ever holy food flows richly. soon attained to riches. 5 With the loud-shouting band who sang his praises. rich Dawns. and where is she through whom they fixed the Rbhus' regulations? What time the splendid Dawns go forth for splendour. with thunder. swiftly round the worlds ye travel. shining with succour. by praises. the Father. O Heaven's refulgent Daughters. Strong. May Heaven vouchsafe us this. Arousing from their rest. 8 Hither from eastward all at once they travel. flushing far. 2 The richly-coloured Dawns have mounted eastward. is this your car. he destroyed obstructive Vala. <179> . from the seat of holy Order the Godlike Dawns come nigh like troops of cattle. unopposed. Let the abundant drops sink deep within you: vouchsafe us riches with full store of heroes. 11 Brhaspati and Indra. unwasting. Daughter of Heaven. 3 Yea. Now verily the far-refulgent Mornings.of his own subjects and of hostile people. may we be lords of riches. THIS Lady.2 Unfailing. like pillars planted at our sacrifices. Goddesses. true with the truth that springs from holy Order. in self-same fashion. the lowing cows who make oblations ready. The Gods uphold that King with their protection who helps the Brahman when he seeks his favour. make us prosper may this be your benevolence to usward. these Mornings similar. May we be glorious among the people. giver of delight. Brhaspati thundering drave forth the cattle. bird. gifts. and homage even thus the Steer of all the Gods.For thee were dug wells springing from the mountain. wake up our spirit: weaken the hatred of our foe and rivals. 10 O Goddesses. and Earth the Goddess. and beast. Dawn. [04-051] HYMN LI. with noise of thunder. ancient this day. unbarred the portals of the fold of darkness. 1. in colour like a bright red mare. I thus address you. 7 Surely that King by power and might heroic hath made him lord of all his foes' posses-ions. is master of the riches. or is it new. 9 He. 6 Which among these is eldest. With whom the toiling worshipper. I ask you.

rules his own mighty course.. This with his rays the Great God hath vouchsafed to us. filling the spacious realm. who brings to life and lulls to rest. life succeeding life. 1. 2 Sustainer of the heaven. that work of his stands sure. 3 He hath filled full the regions of the heaven and earth: the God for his own strengthening waketh up the hymn. the Sage. Visvedevas. O Savitar. Now must we praise and honour Savitar the God: at this time of the day the men must call to him. After thy nature aid us. and may he send us opulence with progeny. God. [04-055] HYMN LV. Fulgent One! thou layest bare the gloom with light. Savitar hath brought forth bliss that deserveth laud. men as we are. Earth. or through insolence. Savitar. May he invigorate us through the days and nights. protects each holy ordinance. 1. Mitra. [04-053] HYMN LIII. 7 Thou overspreadest heaven with rays. give food and noble sons. Lord of the whole world's life. He hath stretched out his arms to all the folk of earth.for tranquil life. and the triple sphere of light. and. WHO of you. 6 Most gracious God. preserve us. Him who distributes wealth to Manu's progeny.. God. O Savitar. the dear wide region of mid-air. 5 Our eyes behold thy blessed rays like troops of cattle loosed to feed. producing with his rays and lulling all that moves. Savitar. 6 When thou hast filled it. Savitar. [04-054] HYMN LIV. Sets the three heavens in motion and the threefold earth. alike among both Gods and men. immor-tality: Thereafter as a gift to men. 5 Savitar thrice surrounding with his mightiness mid-air. Clear-sighted. what moves not and what moves. We woke to meet thee with our lauds. Sindhu with the Waters. What the fair-fingered God brings forth on earth's expanse or in the heightof heaven.4 Thinking of thee. day after day. give us shelter. still. -Savitar the God. three regions. thou openest existence. 7 With the year's seasons hath Savitar. Dawn. from the stronger mortal. with his laws observed. 3 If we. that he may grant us here riches most excellent. Wherewith he freely grants his worshiper defence. and givest fixed abodes with houses unto these. Dawn hath filled full the wide expanse. May he vouchsafe us shelter. Absolve us from the guilt and make us free from sin. which of you at sacrifice giveth comfort? <180> . Gods. With thy bright shining lustre. 5 To lofty hills thou sendest those whom Indra leads. OF Savitar the God. 1. Dawn. Savitar. 4 Lighting all living creatures. as her who driveth hate away. However they may fly and draw themselves apart. and willingly protects us with his triple law. Savitar hath stretched out his arms to cherish life. Heaven. saveth? who protecteth? O Heaven and Earth and Aditi. bring us blessing. have sinned against the Gods through want of thought. Vasus. 4 None may impede that power of Savitar the God whereby he will maintain the universal world. O Savitar. he putteth on his golden-coloured mail. they stand obeying thy behest. the sapient Asura. 6 May the libations poured to thee thrice daily. come nigh: may he prosper our home. in weakness. he who controls the world. Varuna. with triple bar against distress. Aditi with Adityas. spreading far. O joyous One. 2 For thou at first producest for the holy Gods the noblest of all portions. neer to be deceived. May Indra. we crave this great gift which is worthy of our choice.

<181> . Heaven and Earth. of Parvata. with Ahibudhnya. Heaven and Earth. be drained for us through each succeeding year. [04-056] HYMN LVI. when they shine forth infallible dividers. Lords of holy Law be gracious. 6 Ye sanctify each other's form. 4 O Heaven and Earth. Agni as Lord of Strength the road to welfare. universal. the waters. welcome ye this laud. 7 Furthering and fulfilling. leaders of sacrifice with shining splendours. wellfashioned. 2 The Goddesses with Gods. with bounty come to us. 6 Auspicious Sita. 1. ye. and let the. 4 Aryaman. save us the saviour God with care unceasing. day and night. with his power he brought both realms. Aditi. WE through the Master of the Field. As if to win the sea. 9 Hither to us. and with the milk which ye have made in heaven Bedew ye both this earth of ours. Mitra. bring many things to be desired. the Goddess Svasti I implore for friendship: And may the unobstructed Night and Morning both. may the plough furrow happily. come thou near: we venerate and worship thee That thou mayst bless and prosper us and bring us fruits abundantly. by your own proper might ye rule. exhaustless: Faithful and guileless. 3 Sure in the worlds he was a skilful Craftsman. may Pusan guide its course aright. the Steer roars loudly in far-reaching courses. O Mighty. Happily be the traces bound. Ksetrapati. and full of sweets for us be air's mid-region. Aryaman. of Bhaga God who rescues. [04-057] HYMN LVII. In such may he be good to us. 2 As the cow yieldeth milk. the Gharma-heaters have opened. 1. When. the wave that beareth sweetness. and Sindhu. MAY mighty Heaven and Earth. Far-reaching. Have ordered as perpetual Ordainers. through these our watery oblations.2 They who with laud extol the ancient statutes. Wise. From trouble caused by man the Lord preserve us. guard us. Lord of the Field. unsupported. be present here with light and gleaming splendours. provide for our protection. even as through a friend. 3 The Housewife Goddess. 10 So then may Bhaga. O Heaven and Earth. Pure Ones! to glorify you both. Savitar. with one accord promoting. having Gods for children. pour for us freely. with high protection as of Queens. We dare not stint the sacred food of Mitra and Varuna upon the back of Agni. 4 Happily work our steers and men. And from of old observe the Law. rich pleasant Dawn. perfect Mitra's Law. 3 Sweet be the plants for us. 5 I have besought the favourof the Maruts. 5 Suna and Sira. the Two stand pouring out their rain. holy. from woe sent by his friend let Mitra save us. obtain What nourisheth our kine and steeds. 5 To both of you. as rich in milk. the rivers. Etc. Distilling meath. 7 May Indra press the furrow down. together spacious and deep. our welfare. May the Field's Lord for us be full of sweetness. 8 Agni is Sovran Lord of wealth. most extensive. most meet for honour. 7 May Goddess Aditi with Gods defend us. 6 Agree. May she. Indra. Agni of great prosperity: May he bestow these gifts on us. he who produced these Twain the Earth and Heaven. vast. Varuna have disclosed the pathway. fixing them apart. car-borne. Goddesses. we bring our lofty song of praise. Lauded in manly mode may Indra-Visnu grant us their powerful defence and shelter. and beamed as holy-thoughted WonderWorkers. May we. through song be victors ever. Ye sit around our sacrifice. Varuna. well-purified like butter. as they come anear. holy with holy. happily may he ply the goad. and may we follow after him uninjured. Thou who hast ample store of wealth. the heavens.

4 That oil in triple shape the Gods discovered laid down within the Cow. his hands are seven in number. 9 As maidens dock themselves with gay adornment to join the bridal feast. within the heart. flow swifter than the wind the vigorous currents. This hath the four-horned Buffalo emitted. That which is holy oil's mysterious title: but the Gods' tongue is truly Amrta's centre. thither the streams of holy oil are running. cleansing themselves in inmost heart and spirit. <182> . 3 Four are his horns. his heads are two. three are the feet that bear him. concealed by Panis. Suna and Sira. and Jatavedas joyfully receives them. Surya another: by their own power they formed the third from Vena. The streams of holy oil attain the fuel. they incline to Agni. 8. With meath and milk Parjanya make us happy. brought. The streams of oil in swelling fluctuation like a red courser bursting through the fences. Bear to the Gods the sacrifice we offer the streams of oil flow pure and full of sweetness. 5 From inmost reservoir in countless channels flow down these rivers which the foe beholds not. 1. 2 Let us declare aloud the name of Ghrta. at its gathering. happily go the ploughers with the oxen. May we attain that sweetly-flavoured wave of thine. and at this sacrifice hold it up with homage. FORTH from the ocean sprang the wave of sweetness: together with the stalk it turned to Amrta. Indra produced one shape. 6 Like rivers our libations flow together. within all life. and lo! the Golden Reed is there among them. 7 As rushing down the rapids of a river.8 Happily let the shares turn up the ploughland. 10 Send to our eulogy a herd of cattle bestow upon us excellent possessions. Where Soma flows and sacrifice is ready. So let the Brahman hear the praise we utter. The streams of holy oil pour swiftly downward like the wild beasts that fly before the bowman. I now behold them. Bound with a triple bond the Steer roars loudly: the mighty God hath entered in to mortals. o'er the surfaceof the floods. Grant us prosperity. I look upon the streams of oil descending. 11 The universe depends upon thy power and might within the sea.Like women at a gathering fair to look on and gently smiling. [04-058] HYMN LVIII. Ghrta.

his flames are rising to the vault of heaven. So. in splendour. THE youthful Mother keeps the Boy in secret pressed to her close. high. observant. he drinketh. 1. Most Youthful God! to thee. That strength the Bull with thousand horns possesses. as the eyes of all to Surya. Great. So may the prayers of Atri give him freedom. Gavisthira hath raised with prayer to Agni this laud far-reaching. when both Dawns of different hues have borne him. home of the people. The strength-bestowing gift is then made ready. O Agni from near and far the people bring their tribute. faithful. Reproached in turn be those who now reproach him. bright-coloured. his radiant might is made apparent. How can the Indraless. Indra who knoweth bent his eye upon thee: by him instructed am I come. 8 Thou hast sped from me. Agni. our own auspicious guest. Mark well the prayer of him who best extols thee. 7 This Singer excellent at sacrifices. 5 Who separate my young bull from the cattle. in thine anger: this the protector of Gods' Laws hath told me. Agni is seated. Agni. What time I gave him Amrta free from mixture. strong and mighty we have sung forth our song of praise and homage. worshipful House-Friend. O Priest who knowest. and the great Deity set free from darkness. He. 6 Mid mortal men godless have secreted the King of all who live. 5 The noble One was born at days' beginning. loose from us the bonds that bind us. strong Steed who never faileth. Agni. [05-002] HYMN II. preeminent o'er many. hurling his weapons from his habitation. He. sage. Agni. adorable. on a sweet-smelling place. with the pure milk pure Agni is anointed. 12 To him adorable. with the Holy Ones around it. 10 To thee. They who were grey with age again grow youthful. Yielding in every house his seven rich treasures. they whose protector was in truth no stranger? Let those whose hands have seized upon them free them. effulgent. in his home is worshipped. nor yields him to the Father. even as with a herd. Agni. with tongues. O Youthful One? The Consort-Queen hath bome him. Agni 1. <183> . I saw him born what time his Mother bare him. for he prayed with fervour. drive the herd to usward. his Mother's bosom. the hymnless harm me? 4 I saw him moving from the place he dwells in. Knowing the paths by mid-air's spacious region bring hither Gods to feast on our oblation. O Agni. Agni the Priest. 8. Him who spread out both worlds by Law Eternal they balm with oil. brilliantly shining. for him to whom thou hast appeared most lovely. when he lies upon the arm. 2 What child is this thou carriest as handmaid. laid red in colour mid the well-laid fuel. the darling of the people. 11 Ascend to-day thy splendid car. auspicious. erect. they glorify with homage. which spread in front.BOOK THE FIFTH [05-001] HYMN I. a Priest most skilful. Agni is wakened by the people's fuel to meet the Dawn who cometh like a milch-cow. 3 When he hath stirred the line of his attendants. like gold light to heaven. when thou art seated here. But. sage. Wondrously fair. thou excellest others.[05-000] RIG VEDA . the guest of men. The Babe unborn increased through many autumns. 7 Thou from the stake didst loose e'en Sunahsepa bound for a thousand. kindled among the folk whom he sustaineth. 4 The spirits of the pious turn together to Agni. 9 Thou quickly passest by all others. May he. These seized him not: he had been born already. the people see his unfading countenance before them. O Agni. Young. Kindled. Priest most skilled in worship. 3 I saw him from afar gold-toothed. Like young trees shooting up on high their branches. O Agni. 2 For worship of the Gods the Priest was wakened: at morning gracious Agni hath arisen. lauded by sages. springs up at daybreak as a strong white charger. In might. 6 Agni hath sat him down. is thy shelter.

yea. to him who wrongs us. whoever injures us with double-dealing. brightly-coloured. Indra art thou to man who brings oblation. O Agni. fair to behold. shall never yield us to calumny. when wilt thou regard us? When. The godless bands press round but cannot stayhim. O Child of Power. gather the foeman's wealth with none to check him. Enjoy. Him the Omniscient as your Priest ye stablish: he wins among the Gods things worth the choosing. when thou. O Jatavedas. 5 There is no priest more skilled than thou in worship. 5 As dear House-Friend. 8 At this dawn's flushing. offering. He conquers godless and malign enchantments. is thy name. of one accord with Ila. 4 Gods through thy glory. a God cnkindled with good things by mortals. to the store of wealth thou goest. making thee their envoy. From well-kept household fire beam food to feed us. When. Thieves have been seen by us and open foemen: unknown have been the plottings of the wicked. Agni. thou who knowest. Destroy this calumny of him. awakened: May we in battle. 3 The Sage of men. 2 Agni. God. As a kind friend with streams of milk they balm thee what time thou makcst wife and lord oneminded. the strong-necked Steer. and bring the Gods to us to taste oblations. Good Lord! acceptest this as Father. in thee is my delight at sacrifices. O Agni. As their own Priest have men established Agni. Through thee may we obtain the strength we long for. 10 Loud in the heaven above be Agni's roarings with keen-edged weapons to destroy the demons. O God. to this our sacrifice come thou who knowest. by riches conquer mortals. and sharpens both his horns to gore the Raksas. none Self-sustainer pass thee in wisdom. THOU at thy birth art Varuna. O Agni may we conquer through our oblation. Thus to this Agni have the Immortals spoken. Agni. God who art so lovely! granting abundant gifts gained life immortal. Ile man within whose house as guest thou dwellest. a singer I. far-reaching. who counts as thine own son. purifying Agni. But this our Agni. [05-004] HYMN IV. and measure out to us abundant glory. 9 Save.9 Agni shines far and wide with lofty splendour. and by his greatness makes all things apparent. Eternal Father. balmed with butter. That which was fixed as Visnu's loftiest station-therewith the secret of the Cows thou guardest. O Self-sustainer. 7 He shall bring evil on the evil-plottcr whoever turns against us sin and outrage. 2 Aryaman art thou as regardeth maidens mysterious. wilt thou direct us? 10 Adoring thee he gives thee many a title. this our fuel. and overcome the fierce attacks of mortals. gain splendid bliss when he hath waxen mighty? 11 Most Youthful Agni. skilled in holy Law. when thou art kindled thou becomest Mitra. 1. flaming high. <184> . 1. And. grant shelter to the man who brings oblation. O sapient Agni. 6 Aided by thee. God! our ancient fathers served thee with offerings. King and Lord of wealth and treasures. far-refulgent. 4 Agni. O AGNI. O Agni. bring to us the possessions of our foemen. Rudra! for thy birth fair. verily thou bearest thy praiser safely over all his troubles. guest welcome in the dwelling. in the days' assemblies. striving in rivalry with beams of Sarya. all Gods are centred.bearer. [05-003] HYMN III. having scattered all assailants.O Son of Strength. 11 As a skilled craftsman makes a car. To man who spreads the grass may he grant shelter. enjoy. Agni. 12 May he. Mighty One! this hymn for thee have fashioned. And doth not Agni. 12 To thee these eulogies have been directed: or to the Vasu hath this sin been spoken. Agni. the Lord of human races. waxing in vigour. Forth burst his splendours in the Soma's rapture. In thee. and serve him fain for praise from him who liveth. may we obtain thereby the heavenly Waters. draw thy father near thee. by sacrifice shall conquer mortals. 3 The Maruts deck their beauty for thy glory. fain for wealth. accept it gladly. O Son of Strength. If thou. glad in strength of Godhead. pure.

[05-006] HYMN VI. Send our oblations thitherward. we will kindle thee. Agni. 1. Narasamsa. verily. the home to which the kine return: Whom fleet-foot coursers seek as home. to whom our well-born princes come. Jatavedas. Agni. Vouchsafe us high renown. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. 3 Adored. O Jatavedas Agni. a mortal. three Goddesses who tring us weal. with heroes and with kine for his well-being. 11 The pious man. Lord of flame. Praised with our homage even as Atri praised thee. call with might on thee Immortal. is brought. gives. the sacrifice. O beautiful! 5 Open yourselves. O Agni. Gaineth abundant wealth with sons and horses. I VALUE Agni that good Lord. ye Doors Divine. <185> . and strong enduring steeds as home. fair-beaming Purifier! Send to us wealth containing all things precious: bestow upon us every sort of riches. Jatavedas. 10 Vanaspati. hither bring Indra the Wonderful. 8 Son of Strength. With Svaha be oblation brought. with our lauds adore thee. young Mothers of eternal Law. Indra. To whom the chargers swift of foot. 5 To thee the splendid. To Agni. remembering thee with grateful spirit. Agni. On lightly-rolling car to aid. O Agni. Be seated harmless on the grass. the Friend. O Jatavedas. [05-005] HYMN V. Offer thick sacrificial oil. ye two celestial Priests of man Come ye to this our sacrifice. Apris. ne'er beguiled. Tvastar. a steed to man. O Agni. 2 'Tis Agni whom we laud as good. So that this glorious fuel may send forth by day its light for thee. bright. most heroic Agni. As. come auspicious of thine own accord Help us in every sacrifice. 9 Over all woes and dangers. 7 May we. Morning and Night we supplicate. with sweets in hand. O Son of Strength. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. Prince of men. easy of access for our aid: Fill. 11 To Agni and to Varuna. and with our gifts. 8 l! Sarasvati. 2 He. the Maruts. gaining vital power for thine own body. fading not. so in fight save us. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. the well-enkindled God. Among the Gods may we be counted pious: protect us with a triply-guarding shelter.6 Drive thou away the Dasyu with thy weapon. to whom thou grantest ample room and pleasure. bear us as in a boat across a river. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. 4 Spread thyself out. accept our sacrifice and our oblation. to whom the milch-kine come in herds. the Gods thou satisfiest. 9 Rich in all plenty. 3 Agni the God of all mankind. inspiriteth this sacrifice: For sage is he. rich in thy splendour. 1. dweller in three regions. 4 God. wondrous. be the guardian of our bodies. more and more. 10 As I. glorified. 7 On the wind's flight come. treasure he gives when he is pleased. wherever thou knowest the Gods' mysterious names. Mahl. Agni gives precious gear for wealth. to the flame. and may I be immortal by my children. thou soft as wool The holy hymns have sung to thee. 6 Fair strengtheners of vital power. and the Gods. Bring gain to us.

the Ancient. your seemly food. consumes the sovrans of the wood. the Son of Strength. men rejoice. abundantly. Agni.Oblation with the holy verse. the home of every man that lives. 5 He in whose service on the ways they offer up their drops of sweat. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. resistless one: he gained the cattle given by thee.Bring food to those who sing thy praise. as Master of the household. most excellent. 7 Even as a herd that crops the grass he shears the field and wilderness. when they meet in full assembly. Bestow upon these mortals fame and splendour and intelligence. 7 Agni. 1. Agni. may Atri overcome the Dasyus who bestow no gifts. the Friend and Master of the home. they spread abroad. these brilliant flames of thine wax like strong chargers mightily. kind helper. as exceeding strong have we drawn nigh with songs and reverence singing hymns. When he. O Lord of Strength. Angiras! as a God enkindled by the noble with man's goodly light. Dwelling in secret. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. brilliant God. nourisher of all. glorified with oil. good protector. men have stablished as their guest of old. O Agni. <186> . [05-007] HYMN VII. skilled in worship. O Agni. bring fresh food and safe and happy homes. deft with his unabated might. He who gives flavour to our food. Thee very bright. drier of the floods. store of brave sons and fleet-foot steeds. and living creatures bring to life. So be thou pleased with us. 9 Thou. they move themselves continually. within thy mouth warmest both ladies of the oil. mortal man hath found to be the Stay of all. 2 Thee. May we who have sung hymns to thee have thee for envoy in each house. in our hymns. With flashing teeth and beard of gold. unchanged by eld. distributor of wealth. 6 These Agnis in the seats of the fire nourish each thing most excellent. multiform. sought of many. producing when her time is come. 10 Thus Agni have we duly served with sacrifices and with hymns. 4 He gives a signal in the night even to him who is afar. to whom. for their aid. 6 Whom. O AGNI urged to strength. 3 When we present to him the food and sacrificial gifts of men. the Bright. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. with hair of flame. 4 Ever to thee. lavishest of wealth. 1. O my friends. loud-roaring. Agni. bright as an axe he. They give delight. Blest One! visible to all. Agni. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. Bring food to those who sing thy praise. On him is their high kin have they mounted. [05-008] HYMN VIII. as ridges on the earth. thee. Who with the treadings of their hoofs go swiftly to the stalls of kine. Agni. 8 To us who laud thee. and holy. subdue the men who give no food. OFFER to Agni. High-bannered. bearer of our gifts. 3 The tribes of men praise thee. 8 For him. 10 Such zeal hath he. who knowest well burnt offerings. the Discerner. as to Atri. To him supremest o'er the folk. your seemly praise. So may he give us what we crave. the mighty Lord: 2 Him in whose presence. So fill us also. He by the might of splendour grasps the holy Ordinance's rein. the men of old who loved the Law enkindled thee. hath flashed forth. Agni. Even him whom worthy ones inflame. 9 Agni to whom the oil is shed by him thou lovest to support. Hath the well-bearing Mother borne.

5 Thou. have they made the Eye that stirs the thought. where grass is trimmed. in the mead. invoked. the very strong. let priests draw nigh to offer gifts. thou victorious God. like offspring of the wriggling snakes. with high heaventouching flame. like a rattling car that seeks the spoil. come to succour us. spreadest thyself abroad over the realms of earth. completely reach the mark. thou. subbue the wickedness of mortal men. 3 Pure . inflamed. Agni. So thou. To whom all sacrifices come and strengthenings that win renown. God who art lauded much! givest in every house subsistence as of old. With oil upon his face. When Trta in the height of heaven. 1. like as a smelter fanneth thee. increase our means of life. Invoker! wealth to quell the strong. Agni. Agni is Priest. awakes thee of its own accord. the bearer of oblations and the messenger. the princes who have won great riches through our hymns of praise. Agni. [05-011] HYMN XI. May we. he shineth splendidly. the kindling-sticks have brought to life. they who deck their songs for thee have horses as their meed. very hard art thou to grasp. Sustainer of the tribes of men. for the Bharatas. increase the house and home of these. pure. with good fuel and with sacred oil. worship thee the God. The might of Asuras rests on thee. With Indra and the Gods together on the grass let the wise Priest sit to complete the sacrifice. widely-reaching. Agni! multiform. Agni. the. Be near us in fight for our success. Thou rulest by thy might o'er food of many a sort: that light of thine when blazing may not be opposed. [05-009] HYMN IX. unceasingly. 2 In the man's home who offers gifts. when thou art sending forth the smoke. [05-010] HYMN X. <187> . bywisdom and bounteousness of power. 2 Ensign of sacrifice. May he protect and nourish us. and help in aining strength: be thou near us in 6rht for our success. 7 Men seeking joy have lit thee worshipped from of old. bedewed and waxing mighty by the plants. 4 Bright Agni. 7 Bring to us. 6 The Gods. men have kindled Agni in his threefold seat. lauded of old and lauded now. for fresh prosperity. to our heroes bring such riches. 1. as an infant newly-born. Agni. I deem thee Jatavedas: bear our offerings. skilled in well-ordered sacrifice. O Agni. Thee. 5 O Agni. 6 Now. The men are mighty in their might. unadorned. from thy two Mothers art thou born: thou camest fromVivasvan as a charming Sage. oblations mortal men. Agni. like Mitra worshipful in act. the earliest Household-Priest. by thy succour and by Mitra's friendly furtherance. 1. 5 Whose flames. as that of heaven. e'en as a smelter sharpeneth thee. With overflowing store of wealth mark out for us a path to strength. 7 O Agni. 6 O Agni. Agni. THE watchful Guardian of the people hath been born. 2 Ours art thou. When thou consumest many woods like an ox. Most Youthful Agni. effulgent. The men. they whose high laud. wondrous Agni. 4 Yea. that singers may extol thee. averting hate. O Agni. 3 Agni. resistless on thy way. BEARING. BRING us most mighty splendour thou. Angiras. those resplendent flames of thine go valorously forth. homed in sacred oil. 3 Whom. have made thee. Like lightnings flashing round us. Agni. And let the patrons of our rites subdue all regions of the earth.

Praise of the God who touches heaven. they have become ungracious. we kindle thee with songs of praise. bearer of our gifts: electing Agni. 4 Thou. the Guardian of the seasons. and make thee yet more mighty in thy strength. in alliance with thy foeman. well lauded. best At sacrifice among mankind. what splendid helpers won for them their riches? Agni. To Agni. and men. lofty Asura. God adorable. 1. worshipped God: thy banner was the smoke that mounted to the sky. 3 That he may bear their gifts to heaven. They have deceived themselves by their own speeches. wake Agni with song of praise: may he bear our oblations to the Gods. 4 Who. the Angirases discovered thee what time thou layest hidden. follower of the Law eternal. through thee Men make the sacrifice complete. 1 yearn for bounty manifold. I. Agni? The God. Agni. Agni. Wide is his dwelling. the Sun. Agni. I use no sorcery with might or falsehood the sacred Law of the Red Steer I follow. call thee the Son of Strength. thou who knowest. Agni. Priest dear and excellent. who guard the dwelling-place of falsehood? Who are protectors of the speech of liars? 5 Agni. Agni. ENKINDLING the Immortal. we meditate Agni's effectual praise to-day. knows me: the Lord of him who won this wealth I know not. I bring my song directed to the Mighty like pure oil for his mouth at sacrifices. best giver of our strength: So grant thou us heroic might. men choose one exceeding wise.ing might. May the noble offipring of Nahusa who wandered forth come hither. 3 May Agni. 5 Serve Agni. [05-013] HYMN XIII. [05-014] HYMN XIV. And worship the Celestial Folk. for help. take pleasure in our songs of praise. 4 Agni shone bright when born. meet for worship. 2 Eager for wealth. the Floods. all glorify him Agni. O Agni. O Agni. become the knower of a new song. 6 O Agni. God. Thou by attrition art produced as conquer. O Angiras. O Agni. and hear my call. 2 At high solemnities mortal men glorify him the Immortal. 5 Singers exalt thee. keeps the Red Steer's Law eternal. 6 He who pays sacrifice to thee with homage. 5 For thee. art spread widely forth. [05-012] HYMN XII. yea. my prayer I offer. uttering wicked words against the righteous. <188> . as the felly rings the spokes. is this sweetest prayer of mine: dear to thy spirit be this product of my thought. Agni. -with songs of praise. With ladle that distilleth oil. 2 Mark the Law. with light killing the Dasyus and the dark: He found the Kine. encompassest the Gods.With oil they strengthened thee. 4 May Agni graciously come to our sacrifice. 6 Thou Agni. observe it: send forth the full streams of eternal Order. the Sage whose back is balmed with oil: Let him approach. those friends of thine have turned them from thee: gracious of old. 3 How hast thou. fleeing back from wood to wood. The men bear Agni here and there in every house. Steer of eternal Law. As great streams fill the river so our song of praise fill thee. 1. Priest among mankind. Agni. WITH songs of praise we call on thee. He hath become an envoy.

[05-018] HYMN XVIII. [05-017] HYMN XVII. as Bhaga deals. Yea. Immortal Gods! 3 Nobles. and. may a mortal call the Strong hither. 4 Wealth loads the Wonder-Worker's car through his. [05-016] HYMN XVI. high-flaming God. GOD. lovely beyond the thought of man. Protect us for our welfare: lend thy succour. Agni. Be near in fight to prosper us. Agni. GREAT power is in the beam of light. devout and eloquent. And strew the grass before the light. riches. like a thief who keeps his refuge secret. this is by the light of him whom powerful siong hath bound to act. plenteous food as power resistless. by help of sacrifice. bliss-giver. the Asura. like a mother. 1. the princes shall obtain excellent riches by our lips. 4 They who have varied ways of thought. and deals. thyself. thou wanderest round. heaven's firm sustainer. they labour hard to bring him.They who attained with born men to the unborn. 5 May strength preserve the compass of thy vigour. 3 Averting woe. 5 O Agni. with song I call that car of yours that shines with lengthened life. God! that broad stream of thine that beareth riches. 1. Heaven and Earth have not surpassed this Youthful One in glorious fame. men have laid great strength as on a faithful friend. 3 Yea. be the Friend of these with liberal gift of hero strength. with solemn rites. men seated on that stay. in varied fashion. with oil and hymns Of praise. A man call Agni to protect when sacrifice is well prepared. by teaching. Agni. is Agni ghorified. Then. born newly. 2 By holy Law they kept supporting Order. To him. Agni. 2 Near him thou seemest mightier still in native glory. Thou. Enthroned in oil. For. set to hold Apart yon flame-hued vault of heaven. meet to be invoked among all tribes. the wise Ordainer. the far-renowned. 3 All rests upon the laud and love of him the rich. O thou Son of Strength.6 They have exalted Agni. Immortal who delights in all oblations brought by mortal men. [05-015] HYMN XV. Agni conveys oblation straight. a song I offer. is Agni. loud-roaring. in loftiest heaven. God of all mankind. 2 For Dvita who receives through wealth of native strength maimed offerings. firm support of noble. 5 Now. conquer his assailants: round him they stand as round an angry lion. Agni. 4 So. much-beloved guest of the house. glorified. the ancient. <189> . 1.Consuming all the strength that thou hast gotten. So we and these our princes will assemble for the good of all. On whom. Agni. hast holpen Atri to great wealth. Whose bearns of splendour flash on high as though they sprang from heavenly seed. the very wise One's power. have decked themselves with high renown. too. 4 When. bring precious wealth. AT dawn let: Agni. to cherish and regard each man that liveth. to aid. his boons. ancient and glorious. Thy praiser even gains at once the Soma-drops. quickly come to us. be glorified. sing praise to. May he. 1. the lauds within their lips. God who givest steeds! that car hither and thither goes unharmed. to the God Whom men have set in foremost place like Mitra with their eulogies. who guard. 2 He by the splendour of his arms is Priest of every able man. spreading forth to nourish. Be near in fight to prosper us.

conquereth in fight. AGNI. Serving at sacrifices men adore thee as a God. 3 Thee. May we rejoice. all his men. 3 All mortals come to thee for aid. sit in the chamber of the food. These flames of his are wasting flames. Thee. O Conqueror. By thy fair splendour's mighty power. Agni. O Agni. 3 Svaitreya's people. O Agni. Agni. Who must be praised in holy rites. have gloriously increased in might. Of thine excelling favour we bethink us as we long for it. unconquered. Radiant One. for Law. near us. the dear milk of the Sister-Pair. come to us in sportive fashion. thou highborn God whose food is oil. Like Manus. the Atris with their lauds exalt. and. with worship due to Gods. Strong-jawed! as the homestead's Lord. 2 For well. 1. WE stablish thee as Manus used. Shine forth enkindled. cause us to praise before the Gods As our associate meet for lauds. day by day. as. Like to a caldron filled with food is he. as 'twere. Heroes' illustrious. rejoice. thou victorious One. wealth which thou verily deemest wealth. art thou pleased when thou art kindled mid mankind. the Priest most welcome in the house. Agni. best winner of the spoil. O Agni. would we choose as Priest. the God of most observant mind. 5 Beam of light. 2 Victorious Agni. 2 Set Jatavedas in his place. as Manus used we kindle thee. give the chiefs. 4 Here as is needful for thine aid we toil. We who bring sacred food invoke with song thee Chief at holy rites. bring to us the wealth that vanquisheth in war. Agni. 4 Let mortal man adore your God. 4 Mark with attention this our speech. [05-020] HYMN XX. finding thyself close to the wind that fans thee. 4 I bring. sharpened. 2 Discerning. 1. <190> . Sit in the chamber of the Law. Agni. comprising all the Gods. To a strong fort have they pressed in. 1. [05-021] HYMN XXI. 1. through this Soma. Agni the God and Minister. on his breast. Agni. ONE state begets another state: husk is made visible from husk: Within his Mother's side he speaks. A gold chain Brhaduktha wears. O Sage.5 Immortal Agni. who at the synod met for praise presented me with fifty steeds. Most Wise One! at the feast. the great who ward not off the anger of thy power and might Stir up the wrath and hatred due to one who holds an alien creed. heroes who institute the rite. at the feast. Straight go the ladles unto thee. the longed-for milk. [05-022] HYMN XXII. 2 Agni. worship Gods. Let sacrifice proceed to-day duly. like arrows keen-pointed. LIKE Atri. bring victorious wealth. for the pious man . lofty fame. 3 Thee have all Gods of one accord established as their messenger. [05-019] HYMN XIX. with kine. [05-023] HYMN XXIII. Agni. For wealth. have they offered gifts: they guard the strength that never wastes. Visvasaman! sing to him of purifying light. conquering all. with heroes. Angiras. the Atris beautify with songs. 1. seeking spoil. the perfecter of strength and skill. Wealth that o'ercometh all mankind. Agni.

O Agni. riches and strength proceed -from thee. Son of the Brands. O Radiant God. 3 So hear us. Worship ye Agni with your thoughts. great in Sacrifice. 4 Agni is King. 1. Agni. with splendour and thy pleasant tongue Bring hither and adore the Gods. giver of strength in herds of kine. worthy of our choice. for he extends to mortals and to Gods alike. 7 The mightiest song is Agni's: shine on high. 9 So may the Maruts sit thereon. whpm men of old enkindled. 8 Duly proceed our sacrifice. 3 For all the folk with one accord. thou who droppest oil. 8 Resplendent are thy rays of light: loud is thy voice like pressing-stones. [05-025] HYMN XXV. with gracious will most excellent. 3 With wisdom that surpasseth all. May he. Laud-worthy. Invite thee to their worship-halls. the best. carry us over all our foes. to-day: Strew holy grass to be their seat. 2 For be is true. the God of all men. of mightiest fame. Varuna: <191> . enkindled. Mitra. be thou a kind deliverer and a gracious Friend. 5 Bring. Agni. Holy and Divine. seeking riches. for choicest wealth. most wise. have we paid homage to Agni Conqueror. O Agni. comprising all the Gods. 4 For he. 1. as a dear Priest. Agni is bearer of our gifts. bright caller of the Gods to feast. and keep us far from every sinful man. bright God! for our prosperity. heroic strength: Sit with the Gods upon the grass. Agni bestows the fleet-foot steed. 2 Excellent Agni. cherishest the laws.For thou art wonderful and true. Yea. in these homes shine forth. envoy of the Gods. for he is good to us. Agni. Agni. shine. thou. 1. Agni. bringer of glory to his sire. come thou nigh to us. to the worshipper who pours the juice. save us from the foe. of itself thy thunder goes forth like the roaring of the heaven. [05-026] HYMN XXVI. come to our sacrificial gift: We choose thee as Invoking Priest. whose sacred grass is trimmed and strewn. rich with the light of glorious beams. Like the Chief Consort of a King. as with a ship. come with all the Gods. Of deep devotion. 9 Thus. the Asvins. 5 Agni gives to the worshipper a son. listen to this call of ours. ne'er subdued. Bring the Gods hither to the feast. righteous. hath gotten him might that quelleth foes. O AGNI. 2 We pray thee. 4 O Agni. and give us wealth most splendidly renowned. for grace. The Priest with the delicious tongue. may he give gifts. the bearer of our sacred gifts. O Agni. MostYouthful. I WILL sing near. Purifier! splendidly. shine wealth on us through hymns of praise. 6 Victor of thousands. be our nearest Friend. we come with prayer for happiness for our friends. 4 To thee then. bright-rayed! who lookest on the Sun. O AGNI. [05-024] HYMN XXIV. and the Gods themselves. 6 Agni bestows the hero-lord who conquers with the men in fight. O Most Bright. thou who art rich in light. 3 We have enkindled thee. O Sage. and. God and Minister. the victor never overcome. your God Agni. 7 Set Agni Jatavedas down.

from man's gift. Agni. 3 And. Trvrsan's son Tryaruna hath distinguished himself. good at draught. [05-028] HYMN XXVIII. Vaisvanara Agni! with ten thousands. the youthful Waters. that they might flow. art their sapient Rsi. Make easy to maintain our household lordship. 2 Enkindled. most excellent be thine effulgent splendours. gifts that guests may claim. 4 Thy glory. for Vrtra's slaughter. where they met. panting against him. even as he willed it. like thrice-mingled draughts of Soma juice. thou art lighted well at sacred rites. and harnessed. [05-029] HYMN XXIX. 6 To Asvamedha who bestows a hundred gifts grant hero power. famousest of nobles. So Indra forced the Engulfer to disgorgement. O Indra. O Maghavan. having quaffed it. three lakes of Soma. When thou for Etasa didst cause to tarry the flying mares of Surya racing forward. all of speckled hue. 8 When thou three hundred buffaloes' flesh hadst eaten. as thou art waxing strong and art highly praised. and two bay horses. and drunk. delivered to thee of their free will the draught of Soma. and loosed. and three celestial lights have they established The Maruts gifted with pure strength adore thee. Agni dressed quickly three hundred buffaloes. 3 Show thyself strong for mighty bliss. invoked and kindled. Vaisvanara Agni! Who granteth me a hundred kine and twenty. Pays him who with his verse seeks gain. to Asvamedha. 1. and slew the Danava. 4 Then heaven and earth he sundered and supported: wrapped even in these he struck the Beast with terror. delight my heart. For this oblation found for man the cattle. O Indra-Agni! lofty rule like the unwasting Sun in heaven. to the Prince. I adore. MAN'S worship of the Gods hath three great lustres. slew the Dragon. gives power to him who keeps the Law. as Maghavan. O ye Brahmans. kindled. thou art King of the immortal world: him who brings offerings thou attendest for his weal. 5 Thus all the Gods. And Indra. 1. Agni. He whom thou urgest on makes all possessions his: he sets before thee. 7 As friend to aid a friend. O Agni. glorified Indra: ye with the Trstup hymn obstructed heaven. 4 He who declares his wish to me. Agni. 2 Protect Tryaruna. joyous when he had drunk of Soma juices. 6 Invoke and worship Agni while the sacrificial rite proceeds: For offering-bearer choose ye him. 3 So Trasadasyu served thee. THE Godlike hero. [05-027] HYMN XXVII. 5 Agni. God Most Youthful. Agni. Maruts. 1. so may Indra drink draughts of this my carefully pressed Sorna. hath granted me two oxen with a wagon. craving thy favour for the ninth time.The Gods with all their company. exalted in thy strength. and overcome the might of those who hate us. serve the Gods. AGNI inflamed hath sent to heaven his lustre: he shines forth widely turning unto Morning. thou skilled in sacrifice: For thou art bearer of our gifts. praising the Godswith homage and oblation. for thou. 5 From whom a hundred oxen. drank ofr at once three lakes of pressed-out Soma. Agni. 2 What time the Maruts sang their song to Indra. The gifts of Asvamedha. The Maruts. <192> . Agni. Tryaruya who with attentive spirit accepteth many a song from me the mighty. and Indra. He grasped his thunderbolt to slay the Dragon. A Steer of brilliant splendour. 6 When Maghavan with the thunderbolt demolished his nine-and-ninety castles all together. Eastward the ladle goes that brings all blessing.

attain to Indra. urged onward. me. thou madest firm thy spirit: alone thou seekest war to fight with many. So Indra drank thereof. accept the new prayers. I. well-nigh ended. brought to the Maruts. 11 The lauds of Gauriviti made thee mighty to Vidathin's son. the singers. awakened men. 6 These blissful Maruts sing their psalm to praise thee. too. to aid him? 2 I have beheld his strong and secret dwelling. Since then e'en Gods have been afraid of Indra: he conquered all the floods which served the Dasa. <193> . who knows them listen: hither rides Maghavan with all his army. sent me homeward with fair adornment and with kine in thousands. 12 Navagvas and Dasgvas with libations of Soma juice sing hymns of praise to Indra. as on a car. and one thou settest free to move for Kutsa. Labouring at their task the men laid open the stall of Kine though firmly closed and fastened. 13 How shall I serve thee. seeking riches. With might thou clavest e'en the rock asunder. 7 Thou. which was freely offered. too thou madest thine associate. The strong libations have made Indra joyful. WHERE is that Hero? Who hath looked on Indra borne on light-rolling car by Tawny Coursers. 13 The Rusamas. Agni! that they have granted me four thousand cattle. to the dwelling. Indra. and Indra then advanced to fight the Dasyu. of heroes the most heroic. Thou camest thither -conquering together with Kutsa and the Gods: thou slewest Susna. These Indra re-united with his helpers. Indra. when night. Babhru hath gained four thousand as his guerdon. as a deft craftsman makes a car. and in their home o'erthrewest hostile speakers. Let him who knows not learn. Who. O Indra. 12 This good deed have the Rusamas done. the guileful lurker who beset the waters. Maghavan. what time the well-pressed Soma made him joyful. 10 One car-wheel of the Sun thou rolledst forward. at Rnancaya's coming. 3 We will tell. seeking man's prosperity. what mighty deeds thou hast performed to please us. 10 Divided from their calves the Cows went lowing around. when we pour libation. bearing a name renowned in far-off regions. and foundest out the stable of the Milch-kine. have wrought them. Indra! Yea. loud the Steer bellowed in his habitations. from the first didst scatter foemen. 15 We have received four thousand head of cattle presented by the Rusamas. Rjisivan drew thee into friendship dressing the sacred food. when born. speeding. and gave him guerdon. 9 What time ye came with strong steeds swiftly speeding. as prey. and the rolling stone that is in heaven both worlds. seeks with wealth the Soma-presser. 14 Night. while joying in the milk. and to his house goes. the Giver. have received the caldron of metal which was heated for Pravargya. accept the prayers which now are offered.All the Gods raised as 'twere a shout of triumph to Indra praise because he slew the Dragon. the Fort-destroyer. King of the Rusamas. 1. We have received Rnancaya's wealth. What thou wilt do in bravery. and thou hast drunk his Soma. Thunder-wielder! none is there who may hinder this thy prowess. 8 Pounding the head of Namuci the Dasa. Maghavan. O Agni. 15 Indra. 14 Resistless from of old through hero courage. whose course was ending. thou gavest Pipru. Thunderer. 5 When thou wast born supremest at a distance. There. I asked of others. thou torest away the head of Namuci the Dasa. of milch-kine. Most Mighty! these. Like a strong courser. Indra with wondrous powers subdued the Dragon. on every side. O Usana and Indra. much-invoked. Thou slewest noseless Dasyus with thy weapon. What injury can his feeble armies To me? Well he distinguished his two different voices. 4 Indra. though knowing full well what hero deeds thou hast accomplished? And the fresh deeds which thou wilt do. fleet of foot. and they said in answer. May we. longing have sought the Founder's habitation. was changed to morning. Like fair and well-made robes. hither and thither. thou hast done all these many acts. in return. 9 Women for weapons hath the Dasa taken. [05-030] HYMN XXX. O Agni. will we tell forth in sacred synods. And we. changed to morning. and pour to thee libation of the Soma. Mightiest! which we utter. 11 What time the Somas mixed by Babhru cheered him.

Him.THE well thou clavest. slaying Ahi. after offered draughts. Indra. from his dwelling. didst loose the torrents. 6 I will declare thine exploits wrought aforetime. 2 The fountain-depths obstructed in their seasons. on the farther bank forYadu and Turvaga didst stay the gushing waters. all. 12 This Indra. thy deeds of late achievement. laying the great mountain open. 8 Thou. Thunderer! madest flow. Although he deemed himself alone unequalled. borne on the chariot within hearing-distance. Lord of Might. 7 This is thy deed. Haste to us. sped by Indra. the God's bolt. here thy strength thou showedst. which his powers supported. thou sunderedst earth and heaven. even of that wild and mighty creature. 5 When heroes sang their laud to thee the Hero. When at the hurling of his bolt he smote him. and gavest rest to floods that were obstructed. and. he made him lower than all living creatures. the Danava's wrath-fire. rejoicing in the poured libation. and chased the darkness from the noble's spirit. Strong Lord. Didst check and stay e'en gusna's wiles and magic. seeking a friend who hath expressed the Soma. Indra.[05-031] HYMN XXXI. Love thou the pious. Etaga brought his wheel and firmly stays it: setting it eastward he shall give us courage. lover of gold-hued oblation. Maghavan. Lord of Bays. yea. Forth from the cave he drove the milky mothers. Thou. Anus have wrought a chariot for thy Courser. after loud-voiced threats. and with the light laid bare investing darkness. 1. [05-032] HYMN XXXII. 9 Let the steeds bring you both. fain to battle. strong waxing. 10 Even this sage hath come looking for succour even to Vata's docile harnessed horses. Wonderful! Singer! that. Much-invoked! thy bolt that glitters. the Hero Indra. When. Ye both assailed the fierce: thou barest Kutsa: when Gods and Usana came to you together. Even as a herdsman driveth forth his cattle. 11 When night was near its close he carried forward e'en the Sun's chariot backward in its running. be not ungracious: visit us. Strong Indra. When. thou by slaying e'en the Dragon that lay extended there hast shown thy vigour. first. power which none could combat. Indra displayed all powers that he possesses. 1. he goeth. <194> . MAGHAVAN Indra turns his chariot downward. slaughtered. Here are the Maruts. 6 Him as he lay there huge in length extended. another had been born e'en yet more potent. Indra: e'en to the wifeless hast thou given spouses. settest free the fountains. slaying the Danava. 5 Though he might ne'er be wounded still his vitals felt that. 13 Let mortals who were happy still be happy. 3 When out of strength arose the strength that conquers. drawing nigh. in the pit in darkness. The Brahmans with their songs exalting Indra increased his strength that he might slaughter Ahi. 3 Indra with violence smote down the weapon. Without or steed or chariot were the fellies which. thou. winning for man the moistly-gleaming waters. Susna. and Tvastar. the mountain's udder. thou laidest him. let them not come to sorrow. hath come to see you. There is naught else better than thou art. Him the bolt-hurling Thunderer with his lightning smote down and slew. rolled upon the Dasytis. Indra and Kutsa. Indra. whom the heavenly food of these delighted. fain for treasure. O Immortal. uninjured. 7 When 'gainst the mighty Danava his weapon Indra uplifted. thy dear companions: prayers have increased thy power and might. still waxing in the gloom which no sun lightened. Indra. e'en this. 2. didst chase away the Dasytis. O Indra. and to these thy people-with whom may we be numbered-give thou vigour. Indra! and stones and Aditi accordant. O ye men. child of the mist. Ye blew him from the waters. the strength-displaying car which he hath mounted. The creaking stone is laid upon the altar. couched in darkness. and the Adhvaryus come to turn it quickly. and. 4 Him. 4.

was delighted with the meath's sweet draught. as cows into the Rsi Samvarana's stall. Indra. Resplendent in their brightness shall convey me. Be friendly in the fray to those who offer the skin of beautiful and well-pressed Soma. the heavenly food of Gods goes to the foeless One. What have thy friends received from thee. 11 I hear that thou wast born sole Lord of heroes of the Five Races. As such my wishes have most lately grasped him. 1. Indra: the Immortal dances forth his hero exploits. Some hero come to us. 10 And these commended horses. through terror of Indra's might. O Indra. 4 The Strong God doth not flee away from him whose sire. the source of riches. protect the bards who sing thy praises. When Usana. GREAT praise to Indra. formedst in fights even a Dasa's nature. bright and active. wast active warring in the fields for cattle. The mighty Maghavan who is the sage's Friend advanceth more and more his beauteous progeny. doer of wondrous deeds. nor stays with him who pours no juice though prospering well. 10 E'en the Celestial Axe bows down before him. and the Earth. these Goddesses. famed among the people. seeketh this man's offered gifts: this God. to be invoked like Bhaga. drinker of the sweets. As he imparts all vigour to these people. 2 So made attentive by our hymns. at thy will thou drivest hither. Gairiksita willed it and so came I hither. 9 Who may arrest his strength or cheek his vigour? Alone. Such. BOUNDLESS and wasting not. doth not flee from sin. 3 They were not turned to us-wtrd. I ponder thus. 7 Thus favour us. his whose wealth is mighty. Hero. offer gifts with special zeal to him whom many laud. the Brahmans who. 5 He seeks no enterprise with five or ten to aid. lofty Indra! while yet through lack of prayer they stood unharnessed. 6 Strength much to be desired is in thee. the powerful tawny steeds of Marutasva. O Indra. Came unto me. rest their hopes on thee. 12 So. retire from his dominion. straightway the folk bend them to him the Godlike.8 The fierce God seized that huge and restless coiler. gave him the mighty weapon with a thousand points. I hear of thee as in due season urging to action and enriching singers. the son of Purukutsa. abundantly bestowed for my adornment. when lauded. because many lauds are thine. O Indra? [05-033] HYMN XXXIII. 4 Thou. O Lord of noble horses. give us splendid riches. 2 He who filled full his belly with the Soma's juice. Maghavan. And thousands which kind Cyavatana gave me. the goldrich chief. the feeble to the Mighty. 1. thou whose hand wields thunder. Indra. Even these Twain. accepter of the prayer. by Dhvanya son of Laksmana presented. with ihy succour. invoking Indra both at eve and morning. Who with his band shows favour to this people. Steer! Indra! thou fastenedst the girth of thy Bay Coursers. 3 Illustrious is the man whoever presseth out Soma for him in sunshine or in cloud and rain. insatiate. Maghavan. resistless. And with his mighty weapon in his dwelling smote down the footless evil-speaking ogre. For Surya in his own abode thou. thine are all these people. make ready. 9 And these. O Strong as Ahi beauteous in war. the Avenger. bestowed as sacrificial guerdon. Hero. he bears off all riches. Press out. gives way to Indra. <195> . 5 Thine are we. faithful. too. [05-034] HYMN XXXIV. Which. with magnitude of riches. great and strong mid heroes. Indra. Lord of Treasure. whose mother or whose brother he hath done to death. 8 And these ten steeds which Trasadasyu gives me. conscious of might. whose cars are set in motion. that he might slay the monstrous beast. I praise the Friend's gift. in the fight where spoil is gathered. With these subdue for us the men who hate us. Ascend this chariot. recumbent. He. lover-like. and draw the rein.

whatever aids be thine. [05-035] HYMN XXXV. O King. 1. and protect our car with thine intelligence. with mighty chariot. foremost among many. and wins the spoil. [05-037] HYMN XXXVII. fair of cheek. With thy left hand. 1. In native power thy soul is firm: thy valour. let all the people in obeisance bow down before this youthful Srutaratha. Caster of the Stone my heart quakes like a rolling wheel for fear of penury. Mightiest Vrtra-slayer. <196> . bring quickly all that help to us. Shall not Puruvasu the singer give thee praise. Shaker. invincible in fight. all joy in thee with hymns. thunderarmed. Indra. be not reluctant. Which conquers men for us. May we. May the collected waters yield him plenty. and his be powerful and bright dominion. and. Indra. and to the pious gives a stable full of kine. Indra. Satri the type and standard of the pious. mounted on thy car? 4 Like the press-stone is this thy praiser. For thou wast born with hero might. O Indra. O Hero. Or those of the Five Tribes of men. slays a host.The Shaker conquers or slays in this way or that. Indra. 2 Lord of Bay Horses. conquering. fierce. Not even in wide stronghold may all the folk stand firm who have provoked to anger his surpassing might. and. four be they. Indra. may the Soma rise to thy cheeks and jaws like mountain-ridges. 7 Indra. Let us press Soma out for Indra. 2 Indra. Indra. gave me two dark red horses together with three hundred head of cattle. uphold us. BEDEWED with holy oil and meetly worshipped. with the Strong. invoked of many! 3 Invoked of many. the Swift One vies with Surya's beam in splendour. folk Whose sacred grass is trimmed invite to battle where the spoil is won. with his Heroes. strong-willed. do thou protect our car that mingles foremost in the fights. 6 Maruts. in battle. hating him who pours not. O Maghavan. 9 Agni! I laud the liberal Agnivesi. Hero. tamer of every man. give us riches: with thy right. He who stirs all things takes one as his close ally. Loudly he lifts his voice with strong endeavour. Caster of the Stone. Lord of Strength. as Arya leads away the Dasa at his will. mighty. With all thy chariot's force assail the man who shows himself thy foe. he who knows rightly to give forth treasures from his store of riches. Who. O Mightiest One. prospers him who pours. [05-036] HYMN XXXVI. invincible and seeking spoil. 5 May the strong Heaven make thee the Strong wax stronger: Strong. MAY Indra come to us. three. rich in steeds. Indra the terrible. 6 Exceeding strong in war he stays the chariot wheel. That bears its part in every fray. 5 O Satakratu. for our assistance bring that most effectual power of thine. 6 For. 7 He gathers up for plunder all the niggard's gear: excellent wealth he gives to him who offers gifts. 8 When Indra Maghavan hath marked two wealthy men fighting for beauteous cows with all their followers. as he who driveth coursers. May we. 3 The aid most excellent of thee the Mightiest hitherward we call. and mighty is the strength thou hast. thou art borne by thy two strong Bay Horses. 4 Mighty to prosper us wast thou born. thee. For him may mornings dawn without cessation who saith. obtain excellent fame at break of day. INDRA. O ever-prospering Maghavan. 1. 8 Come to us. Even as a thirsty steer who roams the deserts may he drink eagerly the milked-out Soma. Lord of Bays. Indra. So. sends the kine to him. or. and meditate our hymn at dawn.

far-renowned as fain to give and prompt to win. and. serving the Gods with praise and adoration. Lord of fair dominion. [05-040] HYMN XL. Hero. quelling the mighty. O Thunder-armed. Wondrous One. may we be guarded well.With this thou rendest e'en the firm. 6 What time thou smotest down Svarbhanu's magic that spread itself beneath the sky. O thou Soma's Lord. may Indra gladden him at the noon libation. Thunderer. To him. Indra. as he set the press-stones. thou possessest worthy of renown Is bruited as most widely famed. 3 Thy lofty spirit. Treasure-Finder! bring filling both thy hands. what wealth is richly given from thee. Here may his car seek fame. So may we know thee as thou art. to Indra must be sung the poet's word. to us. COME thou to what the stones have pressed. Stone-Darter! so to gain thee strength. may we be guarded well. Indra. 1. Mightiest Indra. May he come hither with his yoked Bay Horses. dear to Agni. Dear shall he be to Surya. 4 No troubles vex that King in whose home Indra drinks the sharp Soma juice with milk commingled. Indra. 4 Singers with many songs have made Indra propitious to their fame. Indra. here loudly thunder. Indra. Strong One with the Strong. the powers which readily obey thy will. to guard them. who with pressed Soma offers gifts to India. [05-039] HYMN XXXIX. who knoweth not the place where he is standing. the Atris raise their songs on high. it may be. go down with his oblation to the river. Bring thou to us heroic strength: thou hast a man's regard for us. 2 The food which. the draught is strong. <197> . the sender of true blessings: thou and King Varuna be both my helpers. King. O Vrtra-slayer. That bounty. drink Soma. 1. By his fourth sacred prayer Atri disoovered Surya concealed in gloom that stayed his function. cherishing that name. Vrtra-slayer. 5 To him. the Atris beautify their songs. Soma-drinker. O Lord of Hundred Powers. 3 As strong I call on thee the Strong. Indra. through anger swallow me up. 7 Let not the oppressor with this dread. 4 And from whatever power of thine. WIDE. potent. Him who is King of human kind. ye rule. best Vrtra-slayer.2 With kindled fire and strewn grass let him worship. Indra Satakratu. 2 Bring what thou deemest worth the wish. 8 The Brahman Atri. give us splendid wealth. the hymn of praise. spreads the bounty of thine ample grace: So. with various aids. accepter of the prayer. O Golden-hued! 3 O Darter of the Stone. and his wheel make a thousand revolutions. 1. O Indra. both thou and they. pierced thee through and through with darkness. he guards his people. 5 May he support in peace and win in battle: he masters both the hosts that meet together. Surya. earth and heaven. 5 In thy protection. Mitra art thou. O Indra. 5 O Surya. with these aids of thine. O Atri. STONE-DARTING Indra. most liberal of your wealthy ones. With heroes he drives near. strong is this Soma that is pressed. Soma-presser. that which is in heaven. All creatures looked like one who is bewildered. 2 Strong is the stone. Indra best Vrtra-slayer Strong One. when the Asura's descendant Svarbhanu. Friend of all men.Divinities. 4 Impetuous. 3 This wife is coming near who loves her husband who carries to his home a vigorous consort. [05-038] HYMN XXXVIII. sing with stones adjusted: And let the priest whose press-stones ring forth loudly. with the Strong. Strong. Strong One with the Strong. he slays the foeman: Blest. for I am thine. invincible. boundless in thy munificence. Atri. best Vrtra-slayer.

Nirrti consume it 18 O Gods. 7 I speed to you with powers that should be honoured. Vata. and Waters will I summon to the feasting. Lord of refreshments listen to our songs. Here he wins wholesome food to feed this body: as for mine old age. 2 May Mitra. Worshipful. and caused Svarbhanu's magic arts to vanish. as they whose steeds are fleetest seek the contest. the God and Singer. Agni. with songs distinguishing Heaven's mighty Daughters.Established in the heaven the eye of Surya. Agn. the Two. May Urvasi in lofty heaven accepting. and Urvasi with all the streams accept us. may we obtain from you this favour. All-feeding Pusan. WHO. who are Heroes like the Vasus. come speeding nigh to us for our well-being. <198> . Mitra-Varuna. And. s. 13 We know your ways. ye Mighty Ones receiving choice meed. your favour. O ye Gods. 9 The Atris found the Sun again. May the great Mother Rasa here befriend us. love us. and may the conquered streams increase their waters. Blest he the priest of Ausija through courses. with the wind's flight swiftest of those who travel: Or also to the Asura of heaven. who speeds throuih cloudy heaven: And may the Waters. with pure songs him the Offspring of the Waters. your Vayu. Indra Rbhuksan. and Ayu. 16 How may we serve the Liberal Ones with worship. Mother of the herds of cattle. Friend of man. him whom Svarbhanu of the brood Of Asuras had pierced with gloom. the gracious Goddes. May she who gives good gifts. 8 You I extol. and gladly may he welcome our addresses. and the Sky preserve us. hear us. 10 Trta praised him. praying and devout. 5 Bring ye your riches forward borne on horses: let thought be framed for help and gain of treasure. May days with bright dawns cause my songs to prosper. ye Wonderful. the mortal wins you to give him increase of his herds of cattle: the mortal wins him. we will proclaim it. he whose priest is Kanva. This none besides had power to do. and give the offerer power that winneth cattle. the nourishers of heroes bringing you gifts. ye Vasus. Even strong birds descend not to the mortal who strives to reach them with swift blow and weapons. [05-041] HYMN XLI. noble and prudent. exalted. Vastospati and TvastarRich Dhisana accords through our obeisance . with might neighs loudly like a charger: he of the flaming hair destroys the forests. straight-handed. and Woods and Mountains with their trees for tresses. free-moving. Visvedevas 1. striving forward. 12 May the swift Wanderer. germ of the earthly hero. who praises with his songs. as she partakes the oblation of the living. the Maruts far-renowned in invocation? Let not the Dragon of the Deep annoy us. Morning and Night. for the swift gain of riches. even they. 6 Bring hither him who yokes the car. 15 Duly to each one hath my laud been offered. 17 Thus thinking. 20 Visit us while she shares Urjavya's food. the Waters. Bhaga sought the oblation. O ye Gods. 14 Celestial and terrestrial generations. the Maruts swift of course in invocation. 4 The heavenly Victor. Trta with Dyaus accordant.andTrees and Plants. 11 How shall we speak to the great might of Rudra? How speak to Bhaga who takes thought for riches? May Plants. 3 You will I call to feed the car-horse. bring a hymn as 'twere libation. strengthen our word for ever and be near us. may the Gods' Spouses in their thoughts retain us. 19 May Ila. 9 Ours be the Parvatas. for offspring. Strong be Varutri with her powers to succour. the courses which are yours the fleet. and the Maruts. May holy Aptya. And they who of one mind with bounteous Rudra accept the hymn and laud with adorations. Varuna. as they flow onward from the cloven mountain. O Maruts. with the princes. as 'twere all-knowing: these bring the sacrifice unto the mortal. Asvins. strengthening food through the Cow's praise. is your pious servant to give you gifts from earth or mighty heaven? Preserve us in the seat of holy Order. bright like castles. Aryaman.

Brhaddiva. far-famed. And. Indra. Visvedevas. Indra. 12 May the House-friends. vouchsafe us cattle. 14 Now. Bring riches hither unto us. the streams carved out by Vibhvan. 2 With reverence and fair praise will I bring hither. and gain their health-bestowing happy guidance. 10 With wheelless chariots drive down him. MAY the Milch-cows who hasten to their object come harmless unto us with liquid sweetness. the godless. ready. and they who conquer Vrtra's treasures. and forest trees and plants to win me riches. 16 May this my laud reach earth and air's mid-region. protect us! 6 Let us declare his deeds. lators-and the ten fingers set and fix the press-stone. even as a mother her dear heart-gladdening son. God. And Vaja and Rbhuksan and Purandhi. Who made for us this All. though bathed in sweat. may thy fair praise. 1. Mitra. May the Five Priests' Lord. with sacrificial oil and meath bedew him So then let him. 11 Praise him whose bow is strong and sure his arrow. the Sure Protector. O Maghavan. 1. Immortals! [05-043] HYMN XLIII. Visvedevas. 5 God Bhaga. the princes are unharmed and girt by heroes. 7 Praise him the Chief who gives the boon of riches. 17 Gods. May he. I offer unto Varuna and Mitra. and heroes. God. Now may our sweetest song with deep devotion reach Varuna. may we dwell in free untroubled bliss. and all felicity and joy. bliss-giving Asura. 13 My newest song. may they. Sarasvati. 4 Two arms-the Soma's dexterous immo. with the sacred prayer by Gods appointed. <199> . for ample riches. him who is Lord of every balm that bealeth. calls. blessing most the man who sings and praises. Far from the sun keep those who hate devotion. hear. even now. and Mother Earth with no ill thought regard me. 9 Make their wealth flee who. O Maruts. dwelling in oblations. 3 In spirit him. I offer to the Great. whose paths are open.[05-042] HYMN XLII. God-appointed. Worship thou Rudra for his great good favour: adore the Asura. The Singer. 18 May we obtain the Asvins' newest favour. 8 Tended. the cunning-handed Artists. give us the holy Deities' lovingkindness. attain Idaspati who roars and thunders. rich in clouds and waters with his lightning speeds forth bedewing both the earth and heaven. my song that lauds her. 2 May Aditi welcome. Brhaspati. 15 May this my laud attain the troop of Maruts. 3 Adhvaryus. 4 With willing mind. may the Steer's Wives. Father and Mother. in every fight protect us. Who. nor later. thought that now springs within me. who at the feasts of Gods regards the demons. prosperity. the undecaying unrivalled Victor whom the Maruts follow. as our Priest. form empty wishes. exhaustless Earth and Heaven. in fond love laying each varied form within his Daughter's bosom. God Savitar. yield us not an ample guerdon. comes with abundant wealth to his invoker. for sake of strength. Wealth that brings bliss is found among the givers of horses and of cattle and of raiment. the Sagest of the Sages. Lord of Bays! and pious patrons. provide us excellent. the Seven Mighty Ones who bring enjoyment. And may the fair Ones honour and befriend us. with thy protections. and Bhaga. None of old times. be thou the first to drink it: we give thee of the mead to make thee joyful. none of these days hath reached thy hero prowess. Aditi. Savitar who deals forth riches. Who. and bring the beautiful bright juice to Vayu. make the sweet libations ready. with salutations. lauding. Brhaspati distributor of treasures. who blames his sacred rite who toils to serve you. the Sons of Rudra. O Singer. The wish calls me to riches and well-being: praise the unwearied Ones whose steeds are dappled. fairhanded. those who are youths in act. sweetof speech. The prayer they love. bliss-giving. and Raka. prospering in their vocation. the Mighty and Immortal Ones. and resplendent treasures. May every Deity be swift to listen. through our hymns enjoying their riches.

O Indra. may the balmy Goddess hear our effectual speech. and Mother Earth with no ill thought regard me. set within the dwelling. the mighty: pairs waxing old in their devotion seek thee. and all felicity and joy. which to his sheen who is beneath show fair in light. as if unwedded. as now. Immortals! [05-044] HYMN XLIV. With reins easily guided and commanding all. the Bounteous One. 7 Surya the Sage. its lover. 17 May we obtain the Asvins' newest favour. the great Aramati. the life-bestower. the allresplendent. Agni. may we dwell in free untroubled bliss. to drink sweet Soma. the mead's bright glittering juice that dwells on mountains. thy two well-trained and dear Bay Horses. come hither. who knoweth holy Law. to give thee power and might and high enjoyment. at need. May every Deity be swift to listen. As in the first old times. worshipped with our gifts and homage. 16 Gods. with plants. Brhaspati the lofty. Him let us worship. high in heaven. so on the fire is set the sacred caldron. In the deep fall the hide stealeth away their names. Most Wise! Far from deceits thy name dwelleth in holy Law. and of themselves give power as a possession. come hither. as if extending and heating that which holds the fatty membrane. 4 These come. most sweet and pleasant! Come in one car. well-yoked. the Steer with triple horn. and heroes. 8 Hither. the red. lively at sacrifice. 5 The Soma hath been pressed for thee. Exalted. Shinest. true Singer! mid the upholders of the voice. conquering in the' plants wherein he waxeth strong. 6 Bring by God-traversed paths. 9 I have declared this speech of adoration to mightiest Pusan and victorious Vayu. great vital power is thine. as herald to invite the Asvins.The stalk hath poured. invoked. 12 Set in his seat the God whose back is dusky. 1. great might invincible. with a Spouse. 13 May the Sustainer. Which holy singers deck. Eager. who findeth light. Bring riches hither unto us. the Disposer. As living men. Invoked. Visvedevas. our invocation. swift. Dweller with Dames divine. 14 The tuneful eloquent priests of him who liveth have sought the Mother's bright and loftiest station. and gain their health-bestowing happy guidance. 7 As on his father's lap the son. turn hither in thy car. the undecaying Youth set in the midst of plants. he draweth forth the power turned hitherward with song. Good guardian art thou. the golden-hued. with all his favours. unwearied. in battle-loving spirit moveth o'er the foes. Celestial Lady. to you for furtherance in the rite: down come the twinborn strengtheners of Law for him. They with effectual splendour in the floods have made Earth yield us room enough and amply wide extent. jatavedas the Maruts all under their names and figures. propitious. 15 Agni. 5 Thou. not to be deceived. 10 Invoked by us bring hither. as all were wont. Increase thy Consorts thou. moving beauteously in visibly pregnant ones. with offered gifts and homage they deck the most auspicious Child to clothe him. like the bolt binding pole and nave. with store of hero sons. and from the mountain. joy-givers! to the banquet. Who by their bounty are the hymns' inspirers. Come to the sacrifice with aid all Maruts. come the great lofty song. 2 Shining to him who leaves heaven's regions undisturbed. the darling. 3 Truth waits upon oblation present and to come: naught checks him in his way. <200> . all to the songs and praises of the singer! 11 From high heaven may Sarasvati the Holy visit our sacrifice. accordant. 6 Like as he is beheld such is he said to be. fair with its spreading branches. snatching with trees the branching plant that grasps the juice. this vic torybringing Priest: The Mighty Child who glides along the sacred grass. The Princedom throned on holy grass.

from the stable. wherewith the wandering merchant gained heaven's water. 10 For it is he: with though to of Ksatra. I rest and have my dwelling in thy friendship. 8 When at the dawning of this mighty Goddess. of Mayin. sung forth by Rsis in these hymns of ours. 9 The chief and best of these abideth in the sea. The heart of him who praiseth trembleth not in fear there where the hymn is found connected with the pure. 10 Surya hath mounted to the shining ocean when he hath yoked his fair-backed Tawny Horses. sweet-flavoured milk was dealt around. the purpose wherewith the Mother threw the Cow's stall open. 11 I lay upon the Floods your hymn. This Soma saith unto the man who watches. Bright was the young Sage moving mid his cattle. [05-045] HYMN XLV. grant us a sheltering home. 3 This laud hath won the burden of the mountain. That wherewith Manu conquered Visisipra. The milch-cow brought. and heaven is stablished like a firm-set pillar. let us carry out. wherewith Navagvas their ten months completed. lightwinning.Their spring is in the loftiest place of meeting. a house that wards the fierce heat off on every side. 11 The sacred hymns love him who wakes and watches: to him who watches come the Sama verses. and Sadhri. Down on the Soma swooped the rapid Falcon. To aid the ancient birth of mighty waters The mountain parted. 8 Thy name. goes to the loftier One with this swift mover's light. of Yajata. to him saith this Soma. have slain the foes. 5 This day approach us: may our thoughts be holy. He gains his wish in both the worlds and brightly shines-when he adores the host with welladvancing steeds. self-excellent. Sarama went aright and found the cattle. joined with you. The wise have drawn him like a ship through water: the floods obedient have descended hither. and Yajata. urged by hands. Let us keep those who hate us at a distance. Visvedevas. Agni is watchful. not he who sleeps. Srutavit. too. 2 Surya hath spread his light as splendour: hither came the Cows' Mother. worship the Maruts and with lauds invite them. far from us let us cast away misfortune. and haste to meet the man who sacrifices. girth-stretching rapturous drink of Visvavara. conscious. loudly hath rung the press-stone wherewith Navagvas through ten months sang praises. To streams that flow with biting waves to deserts. know when thy time to halt and drink thy fill is near. 6 Come. Indra and Agni. <201> . hath the God thrown open. 12 Sadaprna the holy.May he. 1. The Sun hath risen and oped the stable portals: the doors of men. 13 The worshipper's defender is Sutambhara. 15 Agni is watchful. and Evavada. nor doth libation fail wherein it is prolonged. Manasa. They ever seek a fresh draught so that they may come. By skill he wins the boon whereon his heart is set: he who bestirs himself shall bring the thing to pass. 7 Here. With Avatsara's sweet songs will we strive to win the mightiest strength which even he who knows should gain. and Bahuvrkta. Heaven performed his office. 9 Borne by his Coursers Seven may Surya visit the field that spreadeth wide for his long journey.-Sarama found the kine by Order's pathway. to obtain your favour. 4 With hymns and God-loved words will I invoke you. and the gcas love him. I rest and have my dwelling in thy friendship. Angirases all sang forth with the cattle. BARDS of approaching Dawn who know the heavens are come with hymns to throw the mountain open. The worshippers were worn with constant serving. Who speaks the bidding text knows this. Agni is watchful. For verily sages. Sama verses seek him. skilled in sacrificing. producer and uplifter of all holy thoughts. Tarya. O friends. 11 The Hawk is their full source. Angiras gave effect to all their labours.

reaching the central point of life immortal. and Soma granter of possessions give us joy. Grant us protection. twins. Mountains. behold that rapid rush of his as 'twere an axe's edge. O ye gracious Goddesses. Visvedevas. 1. Indra. Visvedevas. I seek for no release. here made apparent. horselike. O Varuna and Mitra may this be health and force to us. heavenly Matrons. Aryaman guard and shelter us. and ten invigorate the Babe for travel. aid us to offspring and the winning of the spoil. Asvini. to enjoy the beauty of his form. Even he whose hundred wander in his own abode. May both Nasatyas. 8 May the Dames. and the fair-gleaming Rivers keep us safe from harm. and Mitra. [05-047] HYMN XLVII. 6 And may the Mountains famed in noble eulogies. 7 May the Gods' Spouses aid us of their own freewill. pass swiftly round the boundaries of heaven. Brhaspati and Pusan grant us sure defence. Agnayi. 5 So may the band of Maruts dwelling in the sky. enjoy our presents. Rudra. wives of Gods. Rat. and Visnu. 1. the holy. May we obtain firm ground and room for resting: Glory to Heaven. His kine most excellent. Rejoicing. Aditi. unto the Fathers. Visvedevas. URGING to toil and making proclamation. driving the days afar and bringing them again. Visnu I call. 3 Indra and Agni. Samsa. 7 Be this our praise. 3 Steer. Maruts. Mitra. Two support him. 4 Four bear him up and give him rest and quiet. and Marut host. he hath gone forth and guards mid-air's two limits. Tvastar and Vibhvan remember us so that we may have wealth. 2 O Agni.Through this our hymn may we have Gods to guard us: through this our hymn pass safe beyond affliction. with their course reversed. of threefold nature. the Waters. his Spouses move on paths or heaven to meet him. May he who knows the way. closely-united. the lofty habitation! [05-048] HYMN XLVIII. the youthful Hymn. On every side about the earth and heaven go forth the spacious paths without a limit. for the Steer's impregning contact. and Goddesses come at the Matrons' season. O people. Mitra. May Bhaga the Dispenser come with power and grace. ye who are on the earth or in the waters' realm. mighty in native strength and glorious in itself. the Leader. Back. to the pole: I carry that which bears as on and gives us help. Savitar that they may help. Red Bird with strong wings. and Brahmanaspati. 1. hasting to their duty. [05-046] HYMN XLVI. Which as a magic energy seeking waters spreads even to theimmeasurable middle region's cloud? 2 O'er all the region with their uniform advance these have spread out the lore that giveth heroes strength. May Rodasi and Varunani hear us. Sky. separate from his Mother. accept us. 5 Wondrous. he hath entered the dwelling-place of the Primeval Father. 4 I. O Agni. Varuna. the others pass away: the pious lengthens life with those that are before. give. guide me straight. and Earth and Heaven. Sea. is the mystic knowledge that while the waters stand the streams are flowing: That. and far-pervading Aditi listen to my call. come to us to sit on sacred grass. and Bhaga. O ye Gods. 6 For him they lenghten prayers and acts of worship: the Mothers weave garments for him their offspring. Bhaga. <202> . Varuna. A gay-hued Stone set in the midst of heaven. Sarasvati. seeking Heaven's Daughter comes the Mighty Mother: She comes. inviting to her home and loudly calling. WELL knowing I have bound me. no turning back therefrom. WHAT may we meditate for the beloved Power. and Indrani. 2 Swift in their motion. And may the Rbhus and the Asvins. 3 With pressing-stones and with the bright beams of the day he hurls his broadest bolt against the Guileful One. Varuna. Pusan. 4 May Visnu also and Vata who injures none. Pusan.

As such may we attain to wealth and wait with services on thee. so enjoy the juice. this ponder as we praise the God. THIS day I bring God Savitar to meet you. With Gods unto our sacred gifts. Each one solicits him for wealth and seeks renown to prosper him. come. come hither to the feast. the Wonder-Workers. and swiftly runs the victim dwelling in the trough. Agni produce auspicious days. Mitra. with those who move at dawn. well deserve to drink the juices pressed by us. Heroes rich in treasures. 5 Vayu. Visnu. Agni as erst with Atri. urging on the pious to his task. 5 May these thy riches. come. 6 Ye. invite them. Come to the Soma-draught with Gods. with Mitra. You. the foeless Savitar and the Rivers shall approach us. 5 They who devote such worship to the Vasus. 3 Not for reward doth Pusan send his blessings. O ye whose ways are right. wellpleased unto our sacred gifts: Drink of the Soma juice effused come to the food. spotless Pair come to the food. Is now poured forth to fill the jar. 10 Associate with Vasus. Agni. Visvedevas. Bhaga. 2 These. Visvedevas. [05-049] HYMN XLIX. come hither to drink the Soma-juice. Agni. 3 So further honour as our guests the Hero Gods and then the Dames. are thine. Agni. Through grace of Heaven and Earth may we be happy. O Gracious. as erstwith Atri. Vayu. 1. may we he lords of wealth and rich possessions. Visvedevas. be blest to us. blest to us for wealth and weal. so enjoy the juice. Viyu. with the singers. him from whom Bhaga Savitar bestows the boon. 5 Four-faced and nobly clad. like constant streams. 8 Associate with all the Gods. the sacrifice's priest. stirs himself with the tongue. Vouchsafe them ample room. Varuna. WITH all assistants. Yea. And drink the draught with Agni's tongue. with the Asvins and with Dawn. Asvins. Naught by our human nature do we know of him. worship God Savitar with hymns and praises. and Bhaga who allots the wealth of mortals. This will we ponder praising strength. 1. or Aditi: his garb is splendour. As rivers to the lowland flow: come to the food. so enjoy the juice. When I. Gladly accept them. far off be danger. whose laws are true. LET every mortal man elect the friendship of the guiding God. 4 Where fire is set. as erst with Atri. come. 2 Knowing full well the Asura's time of coming. Let him who rightly knoweth speak with homage to him who dealeth out man's noblest treasure. 2 Come to the sacrifice. He wins. Indra. friendly to man.What time he gives the man who calls on him in fight wealth like a dwelling-house filled full with store of food. Visniu. Leader God! that rule the car. 4 To Indra and to Vayu dear. [05-051] HYMN LI. May Indra. singing their hymns to Varuna and Mitra. this Soma. Indra. 1. May he remove and keep afar our foes and all who block our path. 4 Sending the shelter which we ask. 9 Associate with Varuna. <203> . [05-050] HYMN L. daily seeking your friendship fain would I turn hither. with heroes in his home. 7 For Indra and for Vayu pressed are Soma juices blent with curd. Soma. leading God. by the mortar pressed. 3 O Singer. Varuna. with Adityas. and these here ready to speak after us.

The Heroes. Mitra. Syavasva. may Agni the beneficent. prosper us thou. 15 Thinking of these now let him come. Varuna. 7 They who waxed mighty. O Aditi. Rsi. of the earth. adore that Marut host. with the Maruts who are loud in song. And the impetuous Rudra they. holy. invite the Marut band with offerings. For weal Brhaspati with all his company. on Parusni they have clothed themselves in robes of wool. The Asura Pusan grant us all prosperity. and Soma who is Lord of all the world for weal. splendid to behold. they who are in the wide mid-air. 14 Prosper us. givers of good gifts. May the Adityas bring us health and happiness. They in their course. Who knows the birth of these. What are they unto me? No thieves. Help us the Rbhus. -who knows us well and slays us not. joy in glory that is free from guile. Bold Ones. to the gifts. bold-spirited. From heaven. will I extol the sacrifice. by themselves have yoked their deer for victory. 15 Like Sun and Moon may we pursue in full prosperity our path. God of all men. 10 Whether as wanderers from the way or speeders on or to the path. or in the abode of ample heaven. And meet with one who gives again. as with the escort of the Gods. hasting. the valorous and truly strong. the seven times seven. declared their Sire. with lightnings for their spears. 17 The mighty ones. 4 With boldness to your Maruts let us offer laud and sacrifice: Who all. as a maid her friend. Holy Ones of heaven. 5 Praiseworthy. when I asked their kin. Indra and Agni. prosper us.11 May Bhaga and the Asvins grant us health and wealth. And with the splendid Princes. 13 Sublime. 1. named Prsni as their Mother-cow. prosper us. Sages and Orderers are they. After these Maruts followed close. 12 Hymn-singing. O wealthy Pathya. and make them happy with thy song. or who lived in the Maruts' favour in the days of old <204> . 3 Like steers in rapid motion they advance and overtake the nights. And thus the Maruts' power in heaven and on the earth we celebrate. like laughing lightning from the sky. Or in the rivers' compass. but helpers. they are Paravatas. well do their teams attend to this. a splendour of its own accord. 8 Praise thou the Maruts' company. 9 Fair-gleaming. 13 May all the Gods. Who. 16 Princes. for our good. famed for rapid courses. I have obtained on Yamuna famed wealth in kine and wealth in steeds. [05-053] HYMN LIII. guard mortal man from injury. Behold. who. have danced about the spring. 1. SING boldly forth. May Rudra bless and keep us from calamity. [05-052] HYMN LII Maruts. 2 For in their boldness they are friends of firm and sure heroic strength. in your might haste hither glorified with songs. through ages of mankind. and Heaven and Earth most wise vouchsafe us happiness. 12 Let us solicit Vayu for prosperity. they. 14 Rsi. Maruts. Visible are their varied forms. seeking water. Heroes with full and perfect strength To Maruts. 11 To this the Heroes well attend. guard all men of their own accord. the Mighty Ones. and Goddess Adid and he whom none resist. Under these names the spreading band tend well the sacrifice for me. And with their chariot tires they cleave the rock asunder in their might. as their wont is. this day be with us for our weal. praising. have singly given me hundred gifts. too. 6 The lofty Heroes cast their spears and weapons bright with gleaming gold. the Divine Ones.

of the Youthful Ones. 9 So let not Rasa. Casters of the Stone. rain waters down and balm. The rain-showers. [05-054] HYMN LIV. 7 The bursting streams m billowy flood have spread abroad. who stay the heat. ye Maruts. 4 When.What time their spotted deer were yoked? 2 Who. 16 Praise the Free-givers. e'en to strongholds ye come. Kubha. overthrowers of the bills. The waters sweeping round are thundering on their way. rich in water. hath heard them tell the way they went? Who was the bounteous man to whom their kindred rains flowed down with food of sacrifice? 3 To me they told it. or Anitabha. When over the broad fields ye drive along like ships. When in your course like deer with splendour unsubdued ye bowed the hill that gives imperishable rain. violent and exceeding strong. or Sindhu hold you back. and rainfloods flow o'er desert spots. 8 Hither. 14 May we in safety pass by those who slander us. Maruts. Trita roars out at him who aims the lightning-flash. Sing the great strength of those illustrious in renown. to every side run glittering brooks. <205> . when they stood upon their cars. Youths. 15 Favoured by Gods shall he the man. Maruts. O Heroes. So call thou unto them who come as ancient Friends: hymn those who love thee with a song. come from heaven. 5 Maruts. that which we implore. shakers of all. may we be there when ye. like milch-kine. wind-rapid Maruts. have sped The Maruts on this course to-day? 13 Vouchsafe to us the bounty. Heroes free from spot or stain: Behold us here and praise thou us. 4 Who shine self-luminous with ornaments and swords. armlets. or from near at hand Tarry not far away from us. when through the sky and realms of air. 11 With eulogies and hymns may we follow your army. Oft through desire to rain coming with storm of hail. extended o'er a lengthened way. for child and progeny. O Maruts. Heroes. troop by troop. through which. who sacrifice on heights of heaven. this hero strength and majesty of yours hath. Krumu. Arrayed on chariots and with bows. at dawn. attend. and they came with winged steeds radiant to the draught. and band by band. 10 That brilliant gathering of your cars. with breastplates. roaring in onset. 12 To what oblation-giver. mighty Rudras. through the nights and through the days. With us be all the bliss ye give. Let not the watery Sarayti obstruct your way. 2 O Maruts. the company of Maruts. And company by company. Ye give the seed of corn that wasteth not away. like the Sun. from mid-air. in rest and toil. speeding on. 3 They gleam with lightning. they have cast heaven's treasury down for the worshipper's behoof: They set the storm-cloud free tostream through both the worlds. Like swift steeds hasting to their journey's resting-place. Like splendours coming through the rain. strengtheners of life are your strong bands with harnessed steeds. and bliss that reacheth to all life. Maruts. but are not harmed. 6 Munificent Heroes. that wander far. 1. Marutr! and possessed of noble sons. with delight I look upon your cars. 5 O swift to pour your bounties down. leaving behind disgrace and hate. At this liberal patron's rite they joy like cattle in the mead. Whom ye protect. THIS hymn will I make for the Marut host who bright in native splendour cast the mountains down. sprung of noble ancestry. and with wreaths. Such may we be. o'er the firmament.

with their breasts adorned with gold. Maruts. 10 When. when ye smote the waving tree as when the worm consumeth it. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. they together have waxed great: the Heroes more and more have grown to majesty Resplendent as the Sun's beams in their light are they. Ye give the Bharata as his strength. Never. and wide ye shine abroad. 15 Of you. 3 Strong. Maruts. ye disperse all enemies abroad. for its shining fruit. slain or overcome. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. O bounteous radiant Maruts. 6 When to your car-poles ye have yoked your spotted deer to be your steeds. [05-055] HYMN LV. Lightnings aglow with flame are flashing in your hands. sight to be longed for like the shining of the Sun. splendid beyond conception. on your car. never waste away. let that wealth in thousands dwell with us which never vanishes like Tisya from the sky. ye Wonder-Workers. and put your golden mantles on. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. as the Sun hath risen up. in eager stir ye shake the vault of heaven. hold high power of life. whether he be prince or Rsi. 12 Maruts. They hasten with swift steeds easy to be controlled. may we be the drivers of the car of riches ful I of life that have been given by you. Maruts. and ye bestow a king who quickly listens. They with their strength have even measured out the sky. Accept. rushing onward. WITH gleaming lances. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. born together. free for the rushing Ones is heaven with steep descents. 8 With harnessed team like heroes overcoming troops. O Maruts. 7 Never is he. 1. and fraught with vaporous moisture pour the torrents down. further the Rsi skilled in chanted verses. are your Milch-kine dry. gems. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. and when impetuous' they roar they inundate the earth with floods of pleasant meath. 2 Ye. have gained of your own selves your power: high. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory.6 Bright shone your host. O Maruts. anklets on your feet. and rapidly ye reach the end of this your path. the Maruts. ye take delight. as ye wist. 13 Sage Maruts. O Maruts. The Pious Ones send forth a farresounding shout. 11 Lances are on your shoulders. ye further wealth with longedfor heroes. his resources. as the eye guides him who walks. most swift to succour! I solicit wealth wherewith we may spread forth mid men like as the Sun. precipitous the mountains with their running streams. have ye led our devotion onward by an easy path. O ye Mighty Ones. and visors wroughtof gold are laid upon your heads. They gathered when they let their deeds of might flash forth. 9 Free for the Maruts is the earth with sloping ways.their way. whom. Heroes of the sky. laden with their watercasks. Your coursers weary not when speeding on. from the Ocean ye uplift the rain. your mightiness deserves to be adored. ye Sages. The paths of air's mid-region are precipitous. gold chains are on your breasts. ye direct. a charger. 14 Maruts. 5 O Maruts. the friendly Maruts. 4 Maruts. O Maruts. Let the spring flow. So lead us with your aid to immortality. <206> . graciously this hymn of mine that we may live a hundred winters through its power. Accordant. His treasures. never doth he decay ne'er is distressed or harmed.

10 O Maruts. 6 Borne on both shoulders. Maruts. Maruts. Let him not cause delay. struck down and shaken. Noble by birth. O ye Maruts. full of wisdom. like twins of noble aspect and of lovely form. from afflictions. come borne on your golden car for our prosperity. the best at drawing. Vasus. O Maruts. Maruts. Those who have come most near to thine invoking calls. nobly born. Ye make the earth to tremble. in your course. urge ye him onward in your cars. ye Maruts. unto one who th irsts for water. this hymn is brought to you. armed with arrows. Bind to the pole. lead us on to higher fortune deliver us. auspicious. ye Holy Ones. 6 Bind to your car the bright red mares. The Maruts. like a herd of kine. armed with spears. 1. Which Rodasi hath mounted. like a bounteous lady. adorable. we invoke. what is chanted forth. that valorous company adorned with ornaments of gold. 3 Earth. of these Maruts. OF one accord. May we be masters of abundant riches.7 Neither the mountains nor the rivers keep you back: whither ye have resolved thither ye. Maruts. go. what of recent time. yet exultant. rapid on the car Whereon the bounteous Dame. munificent. 4 Bright with the blasts of wind. 4 They who with mighty strength o'erthrow like oxen difficult to yoke. fair to see. Accept. as. to the pole. yoke the red coursers to your car. spotless. liberal of her gifts. with Indra. the fleet-foot tawny steeds. and this loudly-neighing bright red vigorous horse who hath been sutioned. comes to us. strengthen them fearful to behold. are your spears: within your arms is laid your energy and 3trength. They who take cognizance of all of this are ye. O Maruts. 7 Yea. Bold thoughts are in your heads. is youi rush terrible as a dreadful bull. bringing pleasant gifts.. [05-057] HYMN LVII. armed with your quivers. AGNI. I call down to-day even from the luminous realm of heaven. the gifts we bring you. 5 Rich in adornment. Sons of Prsni. rich in drops. with good bows. Unequalled. 5 Rise up! even now with lauds I call the very numerous company. Ye compass round about even the heaven and earth. the Singers of the sky have won immortal fame. ever fain to gather glory. with Maruts in her company. O Prsni's Sons: ye. Pay due regard unto our friendship and our praise. 8 The Maruts' chariot.. Maruts. all glorious majesty is moulded on your forms. when for victory ye have yoked. Good horses and good cars have ye. thither my wishes also tend. when lauded. 9 Be gracious unto us. adorned with gold upon their breasts. to draw. whate'er is spoken. fierce Ones! your spotted deer. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. <207> . bright in their aspect. 3 From hills and heaven ye shake wealth for the worshipper: in terror at your coming low the woods bow down. [05-056] HYMN LVI. with good weapons go to victory. Cause e'en the heavenly stone to shake ' yea. shows glorious with the Marut host. yielding bounties that endure. O ye Rudras. Whate'er is ancient. shake the rocky mountain as they race along. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. your weapons in your cars. An offering from us. strong in their mightiness and spreading wide like heaven. grown up together in their strength. 2 Even as thou thinkest in thy heart. Their cars moved onward as they went to victory. 1. heavenly springs. 9 I call that brilliant band of yours. with steeds tawnyhued and red. Impetuous as a bear. wrapped in their robes of rain. The people of the Maruts. slay us not extend ye unto us shelter of many a sort. 2 Armed with your daggers.

and the brave hero. grown mighty. Let Dyaus the Red Steer send his thunder downward. quivering. skilled in Law. be gracious unto us. They bathe their steeds and hasten through the firmament: they spread abroad their radiance through the sea of cloud. dwelling on the lofty mountains. 8 May Dyaus. The Heroes have waxed strong like we. 7 Even Earth hath spread herself wide at their coming. lets the water in. 4 Ye raise up for the folk an active ruler whom. This fire.7 Vouchsafe to us.1grown manly youths. be gracious unto us. on your cars with strong-wrought fellies. 5 Like steeds of ruddy colour. Maruts with good horses. armmighty. O Maruts. strong in their glories. these Maruts. 2 The mighty glittering band. the Infinite. O ye Men. Firm to their own intention cling the Maruts. as Gods and mortals know. like spokes where none are last in order. in cars and heroes. the woods are shattered. the company of these the youthful Maruts. Who ride impetuous on with rapid horses. glittering with moisture. have caused the waters of the mounuains to desGend. The waters are disturbed. O ye Maruts. Now do I glorify their mighty cohort. may attain the mighty lore of you the mighty. O Rsi. and they as husbands have with power impregned her. 7 Like birds of air they flew with might in lengthened lines from heaven's high ridges to the borders of the sky. Ye hearers of the truth. roar for our banquet: may Dawns toil for us. visible from afar: the Heroes press between in mighty armament. O Maruts. as foremost champions they have battled in the van. like a full ship which. They to the pole have yoked the winds for coursers: their sweat have they made rain. [05-058] HYMN LVIII. 1. these Sons of Rudra. bountiful. Holy Ones! a Master's hand hath fashioned. grown mighty. splendid bounty in cattle and in steeds. ye sage and youthful. These Sons of Prsni. liberal Heroes. 4 Who. 3 As the exalted horn of bulls for splendid might. O Maruts. YOUR spy hath called to you to give prosperity. The steeds who carry them. Highest and mightiest are the Sons of Prsni. ye bridegrooms of the sky. and radiant in themselves. Sons o Rudra. are Lords of Amrta. 2 Earth shakes and reels in terror at their onward rush. immortal. Like vigorous horses ye are beauteous to behold. With magical powers. who may reach your manly deeds? Ye. ye rich in treasures. 6 When ye have hastened on with spotted coursers. <208> . ever-roaring. youthful Sages. verily. Ye hearers of the truth. and for your glory show like bridegrooms. skilled in Law. as the Sun's eye set in the firmament's expanse. let it find favour with you. [05-059] HYMN LIX. make earth tremble like a ray of light what time ye bring your boons to give prosperity. give us high distinction: may I enjoy your Godlike help and favour. Heroes.-these. ye rich in treasures. arm-bound with bracelets. scions of one race. preeminent they have waxed in might. dwelling on the lofty mountains. unmeasured in their greatness. hath been duly kindled. Heroes. Maruts. 5 They spring forth more and more. Maruts. approach us. givers of bliss. Lauded by thee. 3 This day may all your water-bringers. Children of Rudra. have sent down the heavenly treasure. like days. 6 Having no eldest and no youngest in their band. 8 Ho! Maruts. no middlomost. sprung of noble ancestry: come hitberward to us. 8 Ho! Maruts. Marked on their ways are they. immortal. Ye send the fighter hand to hand. 1. they who impel the falling rain. venerate thou singer. I sing to Heaven and Earth and offer sacrifice. Maruts. with floods of rain they make the Sun's eye fade away. ye sage and youthful.

for glory. May their Sire Rudra. midmost. none among them youngest. Maruts. O Vaisvanara. 12 They by whose splendour both the worlds are over-spread they shine on cars As the gold gleams above in heaven. 3 The whip is laid upon the flank. Who threw embracing arms around the hero whom gyavaiva praised. who are ye that have singly come Forth from a region most remote? 2. notice the sacrificial food we offer. have set their splendours on their forms for ever. I LAUD with reverence the gracious Agni: here may he sit and part our meed among us. verily. many a woman is more firm and better than the man who turns Away from Gods. far away. rejoicing drink the Soma juice. the man who thirsts and is in want She sets her mind upon the Gods. joined with thy banner. fierce Ones! woods bow down in terror: Earth. 7 She who discerns the weak and worn. [05-061] HYMN LXI. 3 Though vast and tall. ye bridegrooms with a lovely Spouse That ye may warm you at the fire. like Vaidadasvi. 13 That Marut band is ever young. 11 They who are borne by rapid steeds. O ye Rudras. 1. of these where the All-shakers take delight. from of old. praise-song. Where are your horses. 10 Him who. O HEROES lordliest of all. the height of heaven is shaken at your roaring When. 9 And she. and thou also. mean niggard. 6 Whether. and Prsni pouring much milk. to me. yea. young and deft. divulged the path to Syava.[05-060] HYMN LX. Thence. with the Maruts as they gleam and sing. as brothers they have grown to happy fortune. that sage of far-extended fame. 5 May she gain cattle for her meed. Two red steeds carried me to Purumilha's side. O blessed Maruts. the Rudras. after sacred Law? <209> . They have attained high glories here. 8 O Agni. hundreds of sheep and steeds and kine. have with their golden natures decked their bodies. the lordly Ones. and rush along together like the waters. bring fair days to the Maruts. gathered in troop. yea. where the reins? How came ye? how had ye the power? Rein was on nose and seat on back. The heroes stretch their thighs apart. unblamable. the mountain is affrighted. or in lowest heaven. 8 And yet full many a one. 4 They. andoffers not. borne on bright cars. hath bestowed on me A hundred cows in liberal gift. 1. sons of wealthy houses. when Agni and when ye drive downward from sublimest heaven along the heights. 6 Yea. the young. ye are sporting. 7 O Maruts. 4 Go ye. O Heroes. give riches to the Soma-pressing worshipper. Maruts. who have mounted their famous spotted deer and cars swift-moving. checked by none. like young suitors. rejoicing. As with spoil-seeking cars I bring oblation: turned rightward I will swell the Marut's. drinking the meath that gives delight. unpraised. is entitled man: Only in weregild is he such. like Taranta. the joyous-spirited. Lords of all. Moving to victory. Maruts. even the mountain. Like women when the babe is born. 5 None being eldest. 14 Who knoweth. spotless. Shakers of all. Agni. With these the living ones who cleanse and further all. Strong on their cars. slayers of the foe. ye be dwelling in highest. Born. trembles at your coming. 2 The Maruts.Before you. armed with lances.

resteth in the heaven. O Varuna and Mitra. <210> . and your streams flow to us from days aforetime. awe-inspiring. Through heaven and over earth the thunderers take their way. as if chariot-borne. scattering swift drops. Varuni3. Parjanya! full of sweetness flow. O Varuna and Mitra.15 Guides are ye. together. whom. and immortality. The wish I had departeth not. [05-062] HYMN LXII. 3 O Mitra-Varuna. worshipful and exceeding bright. have firmly stablished earth and heaven. GUARDIANS of Order. Ye caused the cows to stream. And from that place. 9 Bountiful guardians of the world! the shelter that is impenetrable. sent down the rainflood. And hearers when he cries for help. Ye cause to flow all voices of the cowpen: your single chariotfelly hath rolled hither. guarding the pious. We pray for rain. Mitra-Varuna. and. uphold dominion based on thousand pillars. are seated on a throne amid oblations. guarding the sacred grass with veneration. here. looking on the light. Heroes. 4 Let your well-harnessed horses bear you hither: hitherward let them come with reins drawn tightly. 8 Ye mount your car gold-hued at break of morning. its columns are of iron. So may we share the meath that loads your carseat. 6 Refreshing is your voice. 2 This world's imperial Kings. Send down the treasures that we crave. O Mitra-Varuna: Parjanya sendeth out a wondrous mighty voice. strongest. the wondrous weapon. Mitra-Varuna 1. Mitra-Varuna. destroyers of the foe. Imperial Kings. O Mitra-Varuna. Kings of willing spirit. and water-drops. far withdrawn. in the sublimest heaven your chariot ye ascend. Among the mountains. ye by your greatness. firm. when he hath pressed the Soma juice. Mitra-Varuna. 1. [05-063] HYMN LXIII. ye rule in holy synod. 19 This wealthy Rathaviti dwells among the people rich in kine. Or stablished on a field deep-spoiled and fruitful. lovers of the song to mortal man through holy hymn. Ye wait on thunder with the many-tinted clouds. Ye. ye save amid oblations. and iron-pillared when the Sun is setting. 17 OUrmya. Mitra and Varuna. Ye Twain. behold infinity and limit~tion. flawless. Mitra-Varuna. ye whose Laws are ever true. Ye hide him in the sky with cloud and flood of rain. bear thou far away to Darbhya this my hymn of praise. Songs. 6 With hands that shed no blood. cometh forth as light. 3 Imperial Kings. in heaven it glitters like a whip for horses. 5 To make the lustre wider and more famous. 2 This. O Mitra-Varuna whomsoe'er ye: favour. and when we long to win may we be victors. ye ever active Ones. 18 From me to Rathaviti say. your boon. The Sun. 5 The Maruts yoke their easy car for victory. O Mitra-Varuna. The thunderers roam through regions varied in their hues. strong. Ten hundred stood together: there I looked on this the most marvellous Deities' one chief glory. to him the rain with sweetness streameth down from heaven. A covering cloud of sacred oil attends you. Goddess. BY your high Law firm order is established there where they loose for travel Surya's horses. the plants to flourish. Lords of earth and heaven. is your special greatness: floods that stood there they with the days attracted. 16 Do ye. and by the Asura's magic power cause Heaven to rain. as a hero in the wars. both Kings. 4 Your magic. 7 Adorned with gold. Aid us with that. strong. bedew us with the milk of heaven.

Supporting Arcananas. That in their homes the wealthy chiefs and they who are your friends may thrive. [05-066] HYMN LXVI. among whom ye hold your high supremacy. For he who worships hath the grace of Mitra. Wondrous Gods with fulness of intellIgence. ye Gods with wandering eyes. 1. 5 With your fair splendours. together I address you first We who have good steeds call on you. of glorious fame most widely spread. are prepared. Ye Two cause Heaven to rain. speed. and to one end direct their ways. Holy Ones! in the Gods' realm where white Cows shine. with your Law and through the Asura's magic power ye guard the ordinances. moreover. That shall stir envy in the homes of wealthy chiefs and those who praise. neglect not us the Rsis: be our guardians when ye quaff the milk. For in all places is sung forth your evergracious friendliness. O Earth: to aid the Rsis' toil for fame The Two. ' 5 In Mitra's shelter that extends to utmost distance may we dwell. Vouchsafe us room that we may win strength for prosperity and wealth. <211> . to our gathering come. from you may I. Who. 2 For they have won unbroken sway in full perfection. most spacious and protected well. the world of man hath been made beautiful as light. 6 Mitra. Ye set the Sun in heaven as a refulgent car. may my steps be on Mitra's path. 6 With those. by song. guarded by the care. Mitra-Varuna. call the Two Gods. Ye by eternal Order govern all the world. FULL wise is he who hath discerned: let him speak to us of the Gods. 2 Stretch out your arms with favouring love unto this man who singeth hymns. 2 For they are Kings of noblest might. like high laws. the spotless One. And. power divine. Lords of the brave. Mitra-Varuna. ever as sons of Varuna. You. Mitra. ye Heroes. 7 When morning flushes. or Mitra. 3 That I may gain a refuge now. urge this people on. would that the worshippers and we Might strive to reach the realm ye rule.With magic power the Maruts clothe them with the clouds. wide-spreading. Varuna and Mitra. Most Sage. we invoke with song. whose form is Law. 4 And ye show wMom. 4 Mitra and Varuna. the very wise. the red. Mitra-Varuna. with your active feet hither to my pressed Soma juice. encompass round the realm of light. Men go protected in the charge of this dear Friend who harms us not. 3 Therefore we praise you that your cars may travel far in front of oursYou who accept the eulogy of Ratahavya with his hymns. the Holy Ones with every race.The man whose praise-songs Varuna the beautiful. who strengthen Law. 7 Wise. Neglect not ye the wealthy chiefs. win noblest meed. For Varuna. loves. [05-064] HYMN LX1V. to give us strength besides. 3 Approaching you with prayer for aid. as with penfold of your arms. Unmenaced. Mitra-Varuna 1. place offerings for his great delight. [05-067] HYMN LXVII. They come with ample overflow. 5 This is the Law sublime. 4 E'en out of misery Mitra gives a way to dwelling at our case. who slay the foe. 6 Ye. By men's discernment are Ve marked. [05-065] HYMN LXV Mitra-Varuna. fighter in the van. O ye whose might is purified. 1. foeman-slaying Varuna and Mitra. O SAPIENT man.

2 Ye. Aryaman. give felicity. my we Subdue the Dasyus. Varuna. supporters of mankind. 4 Or ne'er may we. come to drink This Soma of the worshipper. our sons. Ye Twain. great terrestrial and celestial wealth: Vast is your sway among the Gods. in rest and trouble. Mighty Lords. as if with feet. Varuna and Mitra. Varuna. three firmaments ye comprehend. Mitra. my we be. 4 For they are true. I pray. EVEN far and wide. merits not our praise? Therefore our thought is turned to you. are lofty Law 2 Full springs of fatness. 2 From you. Follow their ways. I call at noon and when the Sun is setting. O Varuna and Mitra. possessors of all wealth. 1. who fill the three world-bowls with genial moisture. splendid in their brightness. high. Aryaman. and guard from injury mortal man. 1. Sovran Kings. 3 Guard us. set apart for you. The two Gods wax devoid of guile. ye sit in your golden dwelling-place. Mitra. Varuna and Mitra. may we gain fully food for sustenance. [05-069] HYMN LXIX. doth your grace extend. 5 Which of your persons. There stand the Three Steers. deliverers even from distress. the Atris' thought is turned to you. Mitra-Varuna. O Varuna and Mitra. Such. [05-070] HYMN LXX. The Immortal Gods. O Rudras. YE Gods. 2 For. sphere of brightness. Varuna. three heavens. Mitra-Varuna. benignant Gods. have kine who yield refreshment. THREE spheres of light. Mitra-Varuna. SING forth unto your Varuna and Mitra with a song inspired. Mitra-Varuna. O Mitra-Varuna. Fill full our songs. we ourselves. 5 With rainy skies and streaming floods. Mitra. foeslayers. with your guar4 save us. for this ye can. 2 When. May I obtain your kind good-will. [05-068] HYMN LXVIII. 4 Ye who uphold the region. or progeny. for wealth and progeny. Good leaders. guarding the Ordinance that lasts for ever. ye who support earth's realm Divine Adityas. O Varuna. O Wondrous Strong. holy.1. They. ye who slay the foemen. verily Have here obtained supremest sway. bounteous in their gifts. Lords of the strength that bringeth gifts. your floods pour water full of sweetness. 3 Come to the juice that we have pressed. [05-071] HYMN LXXI. Ourselves. 3 So help ye us to riches. the Twain. Varuna or Mitra. O Mitra: Waxed strong. they cleave to Law. Gods glorified among the Gods. come with might To this our goodly sacrifice. ye skilled to save. <212> . 1. Mitra. enjoy another's solemn feast. held holy among every race. and Varuna. 3 I call at dawn on Aditi the Goddess. O Varuna and Mitra. 4 Carefully tending Law with Law they have attained their vigorous might. for safety. 3 All these. never impair your everlasting statutes. ye keep the splendour of dominion. O ye Rudras. ye Sages are Rulers over all. A lofty seat have they attained. Varuna. 1. Adityas. Mitra.

ye who are rich in store of wealth. Through many regions may our praise pass onward among mortal men. for our help.[05-072] HYMN LXXIL Mitra-Varuna. In many spots or in mid-air. and spotless. who show o'er widest space. Gods. ye excellent as Steers: Atri inviteth you to come. O Heroes. When ye have travelled through the seas men bring you gifts of well-dressed food. 9 May our laudation of you Twain. 1. Visvas! hath all been done with this. rich in wealth! with sacrifice? 8 O Asvins. ye this day be far remote or near at hand. accept the sacrifice. when ye made him young again. With others through the realms ye roam in might unto the neighbouring tribes. bringing full many a wondrous act. Advancing to be captured like a lion to the ambuscade. Sit on the sacred grass to drink the Soma juice. [05-073] HYMN LXXIII. Rudras. Nasatyas. So. Which we have fashioned. At sacrifice most prompt to hear. Asvins. come with saving help. 6 Here is the man who lauds you both: to see your glory are we here. 2 By Ordinance and Law ye dwell in peace secure. most excellent of cars for speed. O Asvins. Atri is brought to us again. Born otherwise. even as cars high reverence have we spoken forth. bestirring men. 5 Ye from cyavana worn with age removed his skin as 'twere a robe. come hither. 7 Who among many mortal men this day hath won you to himself? What bard. Chiefs. as Atri did. the famed Nasatyas. WHETHER. he stirred the longing of a dame. Atyins. 3 May Varuna and Mitra. 2 These here. Sit on the sacred grass to drink the Soma juice. lovers of meath! be sweet to you. 5 When Surya mounted on your car that rolls for ever rapidly. 9 Asvins. 8 Lovers of sweetness. with a friendly mind. 3 Another beauteous wheel have ye fixed there to decorate your car. ye have entered kinship's bonds with us. What time. whom approach? to whom direct your harnessed car? With whose devotions are ye pleased? We long for you to further us. with his mouth he stirs the spotless flame for you. accepters of the bard? Who. with truth they call you Twain bestowers of felicity. Resistless. ye wise of heart. may your car approach. Birds of red hue were round about and burning splendours compassed you. 1. Fly hitherward. Asvins. Lords of ample wealth. like falcons with your winged steeds. Sit on the sacred grass to drink the Soma juice. 4 Ye. Now bear me. she who streams with sweetness waits on you. Gods in heaven? Who is the man ye strive to reach? Who of your suppliants is with you? 3 Whom do ye visit. rich in constancy? Hear this. Asvins. 1 To Varuna and Mitra we offerwith songs. 4 That deed of yours that is extolled. Strengtheners. 6 Atri bethinks himself of you. lovingly I seek. <213> . 7 Strong is your swiftly moving steed. I call the Mightiest to enjoy. [05-074] HYMN LXXIV. most gracious ye at sacrifice. famed his exertion in the course When by your great deeds. 2 Where are they now? Where are the Twain. 10 Most pleasing to the Asvins be these prayers which magnify their might. WHERE in the heavens are ye to-day. for Paura stir the filler swimming in the flood.

hither come to us. hear my call. Nasatyas. meath-tinted. the voice of him who lauds you well cleaves to your car. 7 O Asvins. hear my call. Besides ourselves another craves and worships: each first in worship is most highly favoured. let your steeds. By day. 2 Worship at dawn and instigate the Asvins:nor is the worshipper at eve rejected. when at any time ye listen to this call of mine. hear my call. Asvins. Asvins. with favour most auspicious. Lovers of sweetness. O ye Asvins. Immortals! [05-077] HYMN LXXVII. was of old your dwelling. the worshipper's most blessed guards from trouble. Asvins. and heroes. this your habitation. they scorn not what is ready: even now the lauded Asvins are beside us. rapid as the tempest. the Rsi is prepared. your chariot with its freight of food comes hither. most gracious. bear my call. FIRST worship those who come at early morning: let the Twain drink before the giftless niggard. O ye Asvin Pair. come. Lovers of sweetness. be not disinclined. Asvins. fair. hear my call. Come to us from high heaven and from the mountain. 2 Most frequent guests. Lovers of sweetness. Come from the waters bringing food and vigour. 6 Hither. hear my call. To meet your treasure-bringing car. 4 For this place. Lovers of sweetness. and in due time hath fire been placed. Lovers of sweetness. 8 Ye Lords of Splendour. Swift as thought. Lovers of sweetness. wherewith ye travel over all obstructions. your chariot-steed. with your golden paths. bear my call. Beside the singer. 9 Dawn with her white herd hath appeared. Lovers of sweetness. And that great beast. these were your houses. and all felicity and joy. the singers' pious voices have ascended. at noon of day and when the Sun is setting. yoked at the thought. 1. Lovers of sweetness. O WonderWorkers. 2 Pass. The Asvins claim the sacrifice at daybreak: the sages yielding the first share extol them. is shining. O Asvins. 5 Watchful in spirit. with winged steeds ye speed down to cyavana void of guile. dropping fatness. stand at this our sacrifice. by night. Asvins. rich in store of wealth. Borne on your chariot. 4 O strong and Good. Asvins. 3 Yea. [05-075] HYMN LXXV. free from guile. For you is dainty food prepared: they mix refreshing food for you. bringing your precious treasures. the mighty car most dear to us. With promptest aid they come at morn and evening. born on cars. at early morning. Asvins. listing to his cry. AGNI. Not only now the draught hath drawn the Asvins. turn you hither and come unto our full and rich libation. strong and kind. Your flying steeds. with his song of praise. Lovers of sweetness. 3 Come to us.10 O Asvins. [05-076] HYMN LXXVI. of dappled hue. 5 May we obtain the Asvins' newest favour. Asvins. bringers of the flood. makes dainty food. hear my call. <214> . Through longing for the pious turn out of the way to reach our home. Bring riches hither unto us. hear my call. bring you hitherward. Wonderful. your raiser. come Ye Rudras. to drink. O Heroes. come at milking-time. Harnessed is your immortal car. rejoicing. with bliss. on your paths of gold. impetuous. 1. and gain their health-bestowing happy guidance. pass away beyond all tribes of selfish men. wonderful. the bright face of the Dawns. Asvins 1. 3 Covered with gold. who longs for your grace and lauds you both.

high-born! delightful with thy steeds! 3 So. Let not the Sun with fervent heat consume thee like a robber foe. Bring riches hither unto us. 1. shine forth. with hero sons. and gives the sweetest food at distribution. So stir in thee the babe unborn. Vayya's son. thou dawnedst on Sunitha Sucadratha's son. and heroes. Together with the sunbeams. dawn to-day on us thou Daughter of the Sky. high-born! delightful with thy steeds! 8 Bring us. high-born! delightful with thy steeds! 4 Here round about thee are the priests who laud thee. Dawn. 7 Like as the wind on every side ruffles a pool of lotuses. with the freshest and most auspicious fleetness of a falcon.4 He who hath served most often the Nasatyas. [05-079] HYMN LXXIX. with your magic powers rent up the tree and shattered it. As thou. with their hymns. like as the sea is set astir. listen to my call: loose Saptavadhri from his bonds. like a pair of deer. didst shine for Satyatravas. for the seer affrighted when he wept and wafled. Ye. like as the wood. hither come to us: Nasatyas. O mightier yet. 4 As Atri when descending to the cavem called on you loudly like a wailing woman. O Bounteous Dame. O Asvins. 5 Tree. YE Asvins. 5 May we obtain the Asvins' newest favour. and all felicity and joy. high-born! delightful with the steeds! <215> .May he come forth alive. ten-month babe. So also. accept our sacrifice to prosper it: Fly hither like two swans unto the juice we shed. like two wild cattle to the mead: Fly hither like two swans unto the juice we shed. To these our princes who have brought rich gifts ne'er to be reft away. bringing treasure. high-born! delightful with thy steeds! 5 Whatever these thy bands perform to please thee or to win them wealth. O Daughter of the Sky. with the shine of pure refulgent flames. high-born! delightful with thy steeds! 6 Give to these wealthy patrons fame. O thou munificent Dawn. O affluent Dawn. unharmed. Asvins. So dawn thou on one mightier still. Fly hither like two swans unto the juice we shed. yea. E'en fain they gird us round and give rich gifts which ne'er are reft away. descend together with the after-birth. be not disinclined. highborn! delightful with thy steeds! 9 O Daughter of the Sky. 6 For Saptavadhri. and gain their health-bestowing happy ildance. Furthers with his own holy works his offspring. 1. Bright One. so may the ten-month babe descend. Vayya's son. Immortals! [05-078] HYMN LXXVIII. part asunder like the side of her who bringeth forth a child. Ye came to him. and ever passes those whose flames ascend not. Asvins. 9 The child who hath for ten months' time been lying in his mother's side. to these Our wealthy patrons who bestow rich gifts on us of steeds and kine. high-born! delightful with thy steeds! 2 Daughter of Heaven. 8 Like as the wind. livingfrorn the living dame. awaken us to ample opulence to-day Even as thou hast wakened us with Satyasravas. delay not to perform thy task. 2 O Asvins. O HEAVENLY Dawn. on Satyasravas. Ye Asvins. And men with gifts. splendid with wealth and offering much. Vayya's son. 3 O Asvins rich in gifts. subsistence in our herds of kine. highborn! delightful with thy steeds! 7 Bring lofty and resplendent fame.

making the pathways easy to be travelled. as 'twere. 2 The Sapient One arrays himself in every form: for quadruped and biped he hath brought forth good. in all thy goings-forth. Savitar. Excellent Savitar hath looked on heaven's high vault. by Law true to eternal Order. on both sides thou encompassest the night: yea. all-impelling. [05-081] HYMN LXXXI. Drive thou the evil dream away. THE priests of him the lofty Priest well-skilled in hymns harness their spirit. the Goddess shines. The Maid. 7 We with our hymns this day elect the general God. Dawn. red-tinted. Yea. 1. 5 Savitar. O God. hath brought perpetual riches. O Savitar. injuring none. opposite to men. and shineth after the outgoing of the Dawn. That wondrous portion we implore. High. Sublime. far-refulgent. like some chaste woman. O Dawn. bends. THE singers welcome with their hymns and praises the Goddess Dawn who bringeth in the sunlight. He who hath measured the terrestrial regions out by his great power. it suits thee to bestow. The best. the God whose going-forth and majesty the other Deities have followed with their might. Around. Child of Heaven. hath come to us with lustre. harnessing her car with purple oxen. conquering gift of Bhaga we would gladly win. harness their holy thoughts. WE crave of Savitar the God this treasure much to be enjoyed. No one diminisheth in aught. giver of every blessing. most glorious and beloved of all. disclosing boons to him who worships. 1. as one who knows. prosperity with progeny. 1. erect that we may see her. 5 Over all generation thou art Lord alone: Pusan art thou. 2 She comes in front. she stands. Thou Radiant One who ceasest not to shine for those who sing thy praise. and more exceedingly. the quarters. God Savitar. Dawn gives her splendour at the days' beginning. Savitar. thou. 4 With changing tints she gleams in double splendour while from the eastward she displays her body. Dawn. send far away all sorrows and calamities. lofty is the praise of Savitar the God. the Day and Night. on her lofty chariot. art Mitra through thy righteous laws. Driving away malignity and darkness. rousing up the people. Yea. and with the rays of Sidrya thou combinest thee. thou hast domination over all this world. Lord of the good. And send us only what is good. 6 Sinless in sight of Aditi through the God Savitar's influence. 8 He who for ever vigilant precedes these Twain. Opening paths to happiness. 3 For Savitar who is Bhaga shall send riches to his worshipper.10 So much. praised by all. 4 To the three spheres of light thou goest. yea. 6 The Daughter of the Sky. [05-082] HYMN LXXXII. God. nor fails to reach. May we obtain all lovely things. 5 As conscious that her limbs are bright with bathing. 2 Savitar's own supremacy. he is the Courser Savitar. her forehead downward. <216> . She travels perfectly the path of Order. 3 Even he. all-yielding. 4 Send us this day. O God. hath brought again the daylight as aforetime. fair. bright on her path. He only knowing works assigns their priestly tasks. highborn! delightful with thy steeds! [05-080] HYMN LXXX. Syavasva hath brought praise to thee. Savitar whose decrees are true. 3 She. Savitar.

put milk in kine and vigorous speed in horses. Who hath struck out. and for the cows let there be drink abundant. O Mighty One. for germination. Thou hast made desert places fit for travel. down come the lightning-flashes: the plants shoot up. the land. SING with these songs thy welcome to the Mighty. the swelling cloud. O bright of hue. 5 I will declare this mighty deed of magic. From him exceeding strong fices e'en the guiltless. loud roaring. When from the lightning of thy cloud the rain-floods of the heaven descend. e'en the strong sovrans of the wood. Parjanya. Thine opened water-skin draw with thee downward. hath ever let or hindered this the most wise God's mighty deed of magic. bearest the tool that rends the hills: Thou rich in torrents. our heavenly Lord and Father. pour down water. like a neighing steed. of glorious Varuna the Lord Immortal. 6 None. O wanderer at will. 2 He smites the trees apart. [05-083] HYMN LXXXIII. with adoration praise and call Parjanya. lays in the plants the seed. Come hither with this thunder while thou pourest the waters down. Prthivi. Far off resounds the roaring of the lion. the realm of light is streaming. THOU. SING forth a hymn sublime and solemn. earth as a skin to spread in front of Surya. 10 Thou hast poured down the rain-flood now withhold it. grateful to glorious. swift to send his bounty. what time Parjanya quickens earth with moisture. Who standing in the firmament hath meted the earth out with the Sun as with a measure. 7 Thunder and roar: the germ of life deposit. fire in the waters. opening downward. 2 In the tree-tops the air he hath extended. Siurya in heaven and Soma on the mountain. 3 Varuna lets the big cask. yield us great protection. Therewith the universe's Sovran waters earth as the shower of rain bedews the barley. at whose command hoofed cattle fly in terror. he slays the demons: all life fears him who wields the mighty weapon. ye Maruts. 9 He who gives glory unto all these living creatures with the song. the lucid rivers fill not one sea wherein they pour their waters. he makes the messengers of rain spring forward. 1. Varuna. Food springs abundant for all living creatures. 1. Then straight the mountains clothe them in the rain-cloud: the Heroes. and let the hollows and the heights be level. Whereby with all their flood. 3 Who graspest with thy might on earth. 5 Thou at whose bidding earth bows low before thee. with thunder and with roar. yea. what time Parjanya fills the sky with rain-cloud. putting forth their vigour. and earth to her foundation. 8 Lift up the mighty vessel. [05-085] HYMN LXXXV. And brings them forth. loose them. Fly round us on thy chariot waterladen. 2 To thee. is Savitar. The Bull. of a truth. verily. thou hast won thee praise from living creatures. Thou hast made herbs to grow for our enjoyment: yea. all that is upon the earth. Set intellect in hearts. like one who slays the victim. [05-084] HYMN LXXXIV.Is Savitar the thoughtful God. This universe exults thereat. At whose behest the plants assume all colours. 4 When Varuna is fain for milk he moistens the sky. flow through the heaven and earth and air's midregion.O Prthivi. Who drivest. <217> . Parjanya. Saturate both the earth and heaven with fatness. 3 Like a car-driver whipping on his horses. smitest sinners down. when thundering Parjanya smites the wicked. 9 When thou. and let the Stallion's flood descend in torrents. and let the liberated streams rush forward. 6 Send down for us the rain of heaven. imperial Ruler. ring out the lauds with beams of day. 4 Forth burst the winds. Varuna. even thou Parjanya. who with might quickenest earth. 1.

who urge the roaring rivers. joy-giving. Wherewith victorious ye. 3 Impetuous is their strength. this strength of yours no wisdom comprehendeth: through their gifts' greatness they are moveless as the mountains. 6 Unbounded is your greatness. ye Hnly Ones. 5 These who give increase day by day. O Maruts. strong band. that rushes on in joy and ever roars for vigour. he cometh forth. Indra and Agni. as butter. we invoke you both. ye. Evayamarut. 8 Come in a friendly spirit. aglow with light. whom none suspect of sin. hath yoked his emulous strong horses on heights. I honour most. 5 Like your tremendous roar. as such. adorned with bracelets. have cheated. the strong. decked with gold. himself. Two Gods as partners. with splendid brilliancy. Deal to our princes high renown. deal food to those who sing your praise. the Twain. Lords of the Fivefold. Evayamarut. out of the spacious dwelling-place. hath made all tremble. chief lovers of the song. friend. Indra-Agni. Evayamarut. to send your cars: Lords of quick-coming bounty. strong. 6 The strength-bestowing offering thus to Indra-Agni hath been paid. Evayamarut. 1. Like car-borne men. 4 Indra and Agni. impetuous and well-weaponed. Evayamarut. be our protectors. whose lightnings are as fires. with strong reins. whose bands have lofty courage. done wrong unwittingly or sinned of purpose. and hear his call who praises you. hear our call. as gamesters cheat at play. from lofty heaven. or a stranger. Wise. and keen the lightning of the mighty Pair. help in fight. THE mortal man whom ye. <218> . Breaks through e'en strongly-guarded wealth as Trta burst his way through reeds. free from demons. Maruts. and who willingly by their own knowledge told it forth. 2 They who with might were manifest. O Varuna. or comrade. self-luminous. For ye are visible helpers in the time of trouble: like fires. [05-086] HYMN LXXXVI. ye who know. In whose abode there is no mightier one to move them. Indra and Agni. 9 Come to our sacrifice. purified by stones. People. They whose terrestrial dwelling-place is wide-extended. ye of mighty power: may your bright vigour be our aid. the brightly shining Ones. 7 So may the Rudras. be irresistible. worthy to be renowned in frays. Cast all these sins away like loosened fetters. Evayamarut. come to us. like mountains in the air's raid-region. 4 He of the Mighty Stride forth strode. Most excellent. with the Heroes. 1. To Visnu. deal wealth to those who sing your praise. Varuna let us be thine own beloved. 8 If we. to bless it. the rainer with light flashing. To the impetuous. Gods without guile for mortal man. save us from shame and insult. mighty warriors. press onward. Which from their arms speeds with the car to Vrtra's slayer for the kine. and. to the Mighty whom the Maruts follow let your hymns born in song go forth. Evayamarut. 3 Who by the psalm they sing are heard. Evayamarut. Maruts. remove from us the trespass. and. keep enmity far from us with your deeds of wonder.7 If we have sinned against the man who loves us. these. have ever wronged a brother. to this man'a hater. When he. The neighbour ever with us. speeding. [05-087] HYMN LXXXVII. for my horse. Worthy themselves. 2 The Twain invincible in war. one-minded with the mighty Visnu. we invoke. like fires. Evayamarut. their home in common.

13 May I obtain much wealth in many places by love of thee and through thy grace. the Lord of riches. we seek thee. seen of all. joy-giver. Still pressing on. <219> . For in thee Bounteous One. Let us approach thee shining in thy dwelling. adorable Agni hath seated him. won them perfect glory: Yea. Agni. comes speeding through the air. O Vasu. Agni. Agni. they have followed riches. such. glorious and triumphant. Agni. to live a hundred years. THOU. like an able steed. pure-minded. Thou. 4 They who approached the God's abode with homage. this race of man invites thee to the solemn rite. Worker of Marvels. 10 Mightily let us worship thee the Mighty. God-devoted. men pray to thee with sacrifices and with songs. even as Mitra. food. 8 Sage of mankind. THOU. 12 Vouchsafe us ever. with altar: so may we strive for thine auspicious favour. 4 Let the man thrive who travails sore. When. he with us. claiming protection like a son. 11 Thou who hast covered heaven and earth with splendour and with thy glories. leddest forth our men to battle. far from sin and evil. 5 On earth the people magnify thee greatly. Bull. must be known as our Preserver. Agni. promoting. 7 Longing for bliss. are many boons for him who serves thee. O Agni. 3 Of one accord men kindle thee Heaven's signal of the sacrifice. For. gains every joy with thee to guard and help him. all peoples' Lord and Master. furthering us. King Agni. Gay like an elder in a fort. in thee the Sovran. hast become our Herald. verily. craving bliss. and far-extended shines in heaven.BOOK THE SIXTH [06-001] HYMN I. hast a princely glory of thine own. like a young horse that runs astray. Thou. and found delight in thine auspicious aspect. as man needs. Purifier! like the Sun thou beamest with thy radiant glow. fair to look on. [06-002] HYMN II. first inventor of this prayer. 6 Thy bright smoke lifts itself aloft. Agni the Holy One. hast made us strength which none may conquer. the sender down of blessings. Food noble. skilled in worship. With songs. rich. Agni. they gained even sacrificial titles. And well knows sacrifice with adoration. 9 Agni. 6 Dear priest among mankind. Father and Mother of mankind for ever. home art thou. Thou art like wind. turning thy mind to thoughts of ample riches. and long enduring.[06-000] RIG VEDA . in prayer. meet to be lauded. with reverence. Supports a house with many a branch. 2 As Priest thou sattest at the seat of worship. Agni. 3 In thee. strength that shall overcome all other prowess. kneeling upon our knees. refulgent with the heaven's exalted splendour. lofty. active Vasu. who goest with much wealth as with an army. Agni! fuel and oblations. 5 The mortal who with fuel lights thy flame and offers unto thee. thee their celestial and terrestrial riches. 8 Thou. best Offerer. 1. 1. the Bull of men. makest fame increase like full prosperity. So first to thee have pious men resorted. 7 For in men's houses thou must be glorified as a well-loved guest. abundant wealth of kine for son and offspring. Thou. brought thee oblations with his kindled fuel. with strength abundant. meet for honour. the mortal who hath toiled and worshipped. purifying. Thou. with hymns. still watching. far thee the Bountiful. plenteous. The radiant Agni. and fair fame to make us happy. He with the help of lofty Dyaus comes safe through straits of enmity. worshipped with marrow. To thee the Friendly Courser. with adoration. O Son of Strength. Continue thou to shine on us. art urged by wisdom in the wood. eager for glory. 2 For. Agni. O Agni. Helper. evermore resplendent.

Decked with bright colour he dispels the darkness. guardest. Child of Wood. like a steed casting down the flying foemen. thou. O Agni. when hosts. Angiras! 11 O Agni. fain toshoot. The best men praise thee as the peer of Indra in strength. like a tree-roosting bird of rapid pinion. 1. what time thou earnestly desirest. burning the woods. with hero children. toiled in worship. Eternal Purifier. the Youthful. As at man's service of the Gods. and whets his splendour like the edge of iron: The messenger of night with brilliant pathway.and overtakes the nights as Vayu kingdoms. through thy help o'ercome them. Like the deft Maker of the band of Maruts. Him the displeasure of the famous moves not. <220> . O Agni. that men may dwell securely. dost sacrifice and worship. Red in the night. Agni. 6 In beams of morn he clothes him like the singer. 1. he belongs to men by day. Accept the ofrering. 3 Whose might the very heavens regard with wonder: bright as the Sun he clothes himself with lustre. Grant chiefs and bard this boon. mid mortal men Immortal. call hither the favour of the Gods from earth and heaven.9 E'en things imperishable. bring willingly the willing Gods. he sets his arrow. Therefore vouchsafe us strength. the Youngest God. May we o'ercome those who resist thine orders. Son! our feast-companion: Agni at birth prepared his food and pathway. darting forth his tongue. with supporting streams and rays that suit him. like Ausija. [06-005] HYMN V. swift. 10 Agni. Come with joy at evening. Agni. Son of Strength. 2 May Agni. radiant Herald of the morning. And. O Agni. 5 Even he who cats his firm hard food with swiftness. 8 Who. like a gazing ox. 2 He hath paid sacrifices. Invoker. with hymns. meet to be known. hath flashed like lightning with his native vigour. I INVOCATE your Son of Strength. 5 Archer-like. prosper them. whose speech is guileless. whose look is free from stain like Surya's. Immortal. 7 We have elected thee as most delightful for thy beams' glow: hear our great laud. is Jatavedas. the bright impetuous One hath shone refulgent. God with Mitra's might. by banishing his trouble.. smelteth them like a smelter. and bright as Mitra with his splendour crackles. May we live happy. 7 Like Heaven's when scattering beams his voice was uttered: among the plants the radiant Hero shouted. through a hundred winters. 4 Fierce is his gait and vast his wondrous body: he champeth like a horse with bit and bridle. guardian of the Law. O God. hath shattered e'en the ancient works of Asna. Whom thou. [06-003] HYMN III. He who sends forth. on the tranquil paths of riches come to us for our weal: save us from sorrow. Bring weal from heaven. mid Gods. Win like a King: foes trouble not thy dwelling. Who with his glow in rapid course came hither to fill both worlds. thou enterest as Priest the home of men who sacrifice. 4 Thou art a Singer. 8 Now. thou mayest also tarry. with treasure. where. with clear flame swifily flying. our guest. May we o'ercome the foe's malign oppressions. Eatest. O Strength-bestower. thou. O Agni. accept our praise with favour. as Varuna in accord with Mitra. Eternal One! of thee the Mighty rend the woods. 3 Bright God. TRUE. [06-004] HYMN IV Agni. awake at dawn. thou. Agni. as 'twere a hatchet. Lord of the people. O Agni. by day the men's possession: red. well-wedded Dames. 6 Like Surya with his fulgent rays. and offered gifts to wealth-increasing Agni. thy faithful servant wins ample light and dwells in peace. 1. Dear to all life. Hast gear to give us. outrage and scorn affect not such a mortal. like Viyu in thy bounty. may we o'ercome them. thou overspreadest both the worlds with splendour. So bring for us to-day all Gods together.

mid-point of sacrifices. All creatures in existence rest upon his head. 5 He who serves thee with sacrifice and fuel. by mental power the charioteer of blessings. Agni Vaisvanara. HE who seeks furtherance and grace to help him goes to the Son of Strength with newest worship. quickly. Vaisvanara's brilliancy. and chanted praises. Thy most destructive heavenly Navagvas break the woods down and devastate them boldly. 3 Thou from of old hast dwelt among these people. to him who serves thee treasures in succession. most variform. the Purifier. a vessel fit for their mouths. a sage. arising from thy Parents' bosom. ground their happiness have stablished. 2 Him have they praised. The Sage. lifegiving. fighting out foemen burn up those who harm us. the King. when we urge thee. most wonderful. no one hath ever resisted these thy mighty ordinances. from thee come heroes who subdue the foeman. [06-006] HYMN VI. 2 At eve and morn thy pious servants bring thee their precious gifts. the guest of men. Agni's fierce flame is like a hero's onset: dread and resistless he destroys the forests. Desiring strength from thee may we be strengthened. When thou art praised with words and decked with brightness. and flickers rapidly moving over earth's high ridges. springs the mighty singer. 6 Thou with the sunlight of the great Impeller hast boldly over-spread the earth's expanses. 4 To thee. whoever secretly attacks us. So drive away with conquering might all perils. with splendour and with glory. O King. burning with burning heat. Vaisvanara. marked. gain riches. Immortal! in the midst of mortals. the Gods have generated. 1. Vaisvanara. Calling the heavenly Priest to share the banquet. accept this chanted hymn. Agni. 6 The summits of the heaven are traversed through and through by the Immortal's light. have the Gods engendered. who rends the wood. And far and wide shines out thy flame. O Agni. 2 White-hued and thundering he dwells in splendour. the singer's worship. who follows crunching many ample forests. and win. with the loudvoiced and eternalAgni. give with thy bright flames to the man who lauds thee. all things living as on firm. On whom. foundest the light for days' appointed courses. the neighbour. with many heroes. <221> . The Seven swift-flowing Streams have grown like branches forth. They by thy mental powers were made immortal. with hymn. Burn him with thine own Steers for ever youthful. 3 Incited by the wind thy flames. ensign of worship. when thou shonest from thy Parents. Wealthy One! with store of heroes. conveyer of oblations. Vaisvanara. in all directions. O Son of Strength. O sapient Jatavedas. 1. thou fiercest burner. seat of riches. 6 Do this. bestow thou on us excellent treasures worthy to belonged fo r. all the Gods sing for joy as to their infant. they shear the ground beneath them. Pure One! pure. Agni. messenger of earth and head of heaven. [06-007] HYMN VII. great cistern of libations. O Priest of many aspects. 5 Agni Vaisvanara. the Purifier. 5 Forth darts the Bull's tongue like the sharp stone weapon discharged by him who fights to win the cattle. Hence sendest thou. Wealth bright. with his blackened pathway. bringer of many boons. 7 Help us. born in holy Order. Him. 7 Wondrous! of wondrous power! give to the singer wealth wondrous. O Bright One. with wealth. O Agni. Most Youthful.Sage who sends wealth comprising every treasure. When thou. O Agni. 4 Thy pure white horses from their bonds are loosened: O Radiant One. O Agni. Immortal! when to life thou springest. Eternal! thine eternal glory. thou with Mitra's might! who harms us. Shines out. triumphant in thy might subdue our foemen. move onward. vast. 3 From thee. that we may gain this wish. devoid of malice. bright. 4 Agni.

So may we win for us strength. Agni. kept and observed them well. ONE half of day is dark. Agni. hath with his lustre overcome the darkness. Exceeding wise. O Agni. Mid mortal men he is the light immortal. 4 He is the Priest. Vaisvanara put forth all his creative power. with one intention. with wondrous succours helps him to win a stable filled with cattle. as 'twere for selfadvantage. 1. And the God. ever waxing in his body. Whose son shall here speak words that must be spoken without assistance from the Father near him? 3 For both the warp and woof he understandeth. Agni. Vaisvanara attained to heaven by mightiness. Who knoweth as the immortal world's Protector. bending not. Agni.7 Vaisvanara. strength to this man. filled heaven and earth with far-apparent splendour: <222> . thousandfold. 4 He. Laud which bards send forth pure as sacred butter. As envoy of Vivasvan MatariSvan brought Agni Vaisvanara hither from far away. move unobstructed to a single purpose. Vaisvanara be gracious to assist us. when lauded. makes our rites successful. undecaying. the first of all: behold him. rule. seeing with no aid from other. 1. O Agni. [06-008] HYMN VIII. 4 The Migbty seized him in the bosom of the floods: the people waited on the King who should be praised. Vaisvanara. Agni. 2 I know not either warp or woof. Jatavedas. A pure and fresher hymn flows to Vaisvanara. With hymns-for he illumines us-install him. Sage very wise who made the lucid spheres of heaven. smite down the sinner like a tree with lightningflash. Agni Vaisvanara. when in loftiest heaven he sprang to life. at his birth. hundredfold. Helper. [06-010] HYMN X. descending. He. keeper is he and guard of immortality. ever new. 3 Mid mortal men that singer thrives in glory who offers gifts with hymns of praise to Agni. when born as Sovran. who measured out the realms of air. Keep our band. The Undeceivable who spread out all the worlds. on our wealthy chiefs. and bright the other: both atmospheres move on by sage devices. Lengthen their lives. meet for praises. 5 In every age bestow upon the singers wealth. whose path is black behind him. even as for Agni lovely Soma is made pure. when thou wast dwelling in the darkness. 6 Mine ears unclose to hear. 1. mine eye to see him. may the Immortal favour us and help us. He made the two bowls part asunder like two skins. and covered and concealed the darkness with his light. undecaying. 6 Do thou bestow. and in due time shall speak what should be spoken. with good heroes. by thy help. 2 That Agni. O Agni with the fires of man enkindled. I know not the web they weave when moving to the contest. INSTALL at sacrifice. keep with effective guards our princely patrons. wondrous bright. 3 Wonderful Mitra propped the heaven and earth apart. 7 O thou who dwellest in three places. glorious. Far roams my mind whose thoughts are in the distance. firm-seated in his station Immortal. O Vaisvanara. Radiant Priest of many aspects. All Gods of one accord. [06-009] HYMN IX. Here was he born. worthy of holy synods. 2 Hear this laud. Guardian of Holy Laws. 5 A firm light hath been set for men to look on: among all things that fly the mind is swiftest. King. heavenly Agni. what shall I now imagine? 7 All the Gods bowed them down in fear before thee. the light that harbours in my spirit broadens. as it were with sharpened bolt. who have brought thee presents. he measured out the firmament. What shall I speak. while the rite advances. AT Jatavedas' holy gathering I will tell aloud the conquering might of the swift red-hued Steer. your pleasant.

Mitra and Varuna and Earth and Heaven. Agni! Priest. May we he glad a hundred winters with brave sons. the sacrifice is directed Sun-ward. full of vigour. May brave sons gladden us through a hundred winters. the flow of waters. the Holy. Auspicious God! spring all our blessingsWealth swiftly. Immortal. as branches from a tree. jatave~as. 1. O God. swift as a guilty thief. Whom as the Living One rich in oblations the Five Tribes. pressing on as if the Maruts sent thee. loosed quickly. like circumambient air. 4 The man who. For thou with might givest much food in cattle even to the wicked wolf when he is hungry. Most Mighty. the singer bears away the Pani's bootyEven he whom thou. enkindled. 6 So mighty thou protectest us from slander. Controller. [06-013] HYMN XIII. KING of trimmed grass. the wise. sacrifice with thy mouth to thine own body. the rain besought of heaven. sovran in the forest. o'er desert places. increase our store. 5 With thy most mighty aid. born in Law. Bring opulence and drive away affliction. come to present men's riches as oblations! 3 Whose blaze most splendid. [06-011] HYMN XI. 2 Thou art our guileless. to men for their subsistence such things as bring high fame and hero children. 2 Thou art our Bhaga to send wealth thou dwellest. Sage. O Agni. the Purifier. shall Dyaus. O Agni. Fair hymns hadst thou among the Bharadvajas. 6 Enrich us. and holpest them to gain abundant vigour. To our oblation bring the two Nasatyas. shines waxing on his way like the . sings the sweet measure at the solemn service. Son of Strength 1 with sacrifices. Found in three places. which. the far-refulgent. Agni! with all fires enkindled. A Priest with purifying tongue. not to be stayed among the plants. May brave sons gladden us through a hundred winters. like Dawn's Sire to be praised with sacrifices. Firm on the seat of earth is based the altar: eye-like. for full perfection. FROM thee. May I by all my songs obtain abundance. like the Speeder's footstep. with the Gods. Agni! God! of many a blessing. O Agni. seated here. O Son of Strength. made manifest by light. 5 Grant. 2 In thee. 3 Agni! the hero slays with might his foeman. He. among mankind. Agni. When the Angirases' sagest Sage. O Champion. O Agni. Agni. Who stand preeminent. surpassing others in liberal gifts. when the trimmed ladle. incitest by wealth. with thy fires. the worshipper presenteth. Son of Strength. gains wealth of corn and is the lord of treasures. with wondrous splendour. 7 Scatter our foes. from a distance hath spread himself abroad with light like Surya. lauds. O Agni. most wise. 3 For even the blessed longing that is in thee would bring the Gods down to the singer's worship. wonderful wealth on us and on our princes. accept this sacrifice with gladness. of holy synods. confer. bringing gifts. may Agni worship the Impeller's World-halves. from thee. 4 Our friends extol him like a steed for vigour even Agni in the dwelling. he fights with power as doth a champion. And. Son of Strength. may we escape from woe as from a prison. He knows himself. burneth. Friend art thou of the lofty Law. EAGERLY Sacrifice thou. Son of Strength. most delightful Herald. 6 Agni. Agni. Herald within the dwelling. is lifted. Trce-fed. paring the woods with case. attracts thy fervour to the altar. through night's thick darkness. 6 Eloquent. like as a guileless smelter. like Mitra. King! Holy One! pronounce the call to worship. Worship the two widespreading Worlds. hymns. accordant with the Child of Waters. the Poet. Agni. O thou Priest of many aspects. Agni. in fame. 1. and hero virtues. o'er the broad earth he goeth. fullof oil.And he himself hath been. like a rushing flood. <223> . 4 Bright hath he beamed. 1. clad in the robe of riches. strength in battle with our foemen. vouchsafe us seed and offspring. [06-012] HYMN XII. adorn with homage. most skilful. 5 When I with reverence clip the grass for Agni. 5 Men wonder at his shining glows when. Enjoys each precious thing. the God.Impeller.

Give Vitahavya riches spreading far and wide. God mid Gods. bright-flamed Priest. from dishonour. O Son of Strength. As such. 4 Agni bestows the hero chief. desirable in thousands. enjoyest from the man's rite-for thou art sacrificer- <224> . protects the mortal from reproach. him very wise may we who know not follow. Deathiess One. may we o'ercome them. in each age have made thee. Whose conquering wealth is never checked. Most skilful worshipper mid Gods and mortals. well-dis sed. as one athirst in heat. the Priest. he loveth what is choice. your beloved guest with songs. the Pure One from of old: from ancient days the Child cats everlasting food. a Seer. Agni. Agru announce our offering to the Immortals. A God among the Gods. 14 Whate'er to-day thou. preserve us. WITH this my song I strive to reach this guest of yours. O thou wondrous God. Wise Jatavedas we implore with prayers for bliss the Priest. 5 For with his wisdom Agni. With reverence Gods and mortals have established thee. Each time he comes from heaven. [06-015] HYMN XV. loveth our service.[06-014] HYMN XIV. 1. and finds sufficiency of food. as in the fight of Etaia. winner of waters. the ever-watchful. set in tront at sacrifice. cometh. Men fight the fiend. the Holy. the Lord of all the tribes. and fair to look on. O Hero. Who speeding on. The end of sacrifice or its inception. Here let the place of darkening come upon thee: may wealth be ours. 10 Him fair of face. may he begin the sacrifice. Invite ye the Immortal hither with your hymns. give Bharadvaja wide-spread wealth. 5 Who with his purifying. rapid. When we lay claim to thy regard and gracious fare. 11 Him. At sacrifices Manus' sons glorify Agni as their Priest. guard adorable. thou deliverest and savest who brings him prayer to thee the Wise. high-flaming in the wood. Soon as they look upon his might his enemies tremble in alarm. knows all generations. he. God. most friendly. Let him who knows all rules invite for worship. 2 Agni. who wakes at early morn. whom men must glorify. your refulgent guest. subduer of the enemy near or far away. 2 Whom. Agni. 3 The foeman's wealth in many a place. Agni who comes from heaven. be thou to us a thriceprotecting friendly guard. Bestow a wealthy home on men. well-skilled in sacred rites. most skilled in ordering. is never checked in deeds of might. 7 Agni inflamed with fuel in my song I sing. Agni. the Blirgus stablished as a rriend. Agni. Agni. Agni. 8 Men. the holy Singer. like a holy singer. 13 Agni. 6 Worship ye Agni. omnipresent Household Lord. thou art every day extolled in lauds by Vitahavya. May we o'ercome the foe's malign oppressions. their envoy. WHOSO to Agni hath endeared his thought and service by his hymns. utters heavenly words. void of guile. Agni. bounteous. 12 Guard us from him who would assail us. is King. Lord of the homestead. and seek by rites to overcome the riteless foe. is emulous to help. eye-attracting form hath shone upon the earth as with the light of Dawn. Agni. in truth. 3 Be thou the foeless helper of the skilful man. ordering the works and ways of both. Cleanser. the Herald of mankind. untouched by age. as envoy of the Gods traversest both the worlds. I seek with hymns. steadlast. is passing wise. 1. That mortal cats before the rest. yea. envoy. with your log of wood. 9 Thou. pure. thou endowest him with power and riches. oblation-bearer. 6 O Agni. firm in fray. God with Mitra's might call hither the favour of the Gods from earth and heaven. Who. through thy help o'ercome them. praise your beloved. Jatayedas. God. Bring weal from heaven that men may dwell securely. O thou Victor. offering-bearer. 4 Him.

as did Atharvan. hath Atharvan's son.Worship. 13 Agni. vigour preeminent bast thou: There wilt thou gain a dwelling-place. 11 So. Agni. rub this Agni forth. 16 Come. hath Bharata of old. here. lighted up. thou. Blaze high. most destructive foe. O fair-faced Agni. come to the offering of the gifts. with kindled fuel we have made thee mighty. by rubbing. at holy rites.Earth. O Agni. the wisest Priest: Pay worship to the Tribes of Heaven. thou knowest. Most Youthful. lauded. God. thou youngest of the Gods. so that we may o'ercome all things that trouble us. As Priest be seated on the grass. 18 For the Gods' banquet be thou born. 9 Invoker placed by Manus. Nest-like. To come unto the feast of Gods. to the feast. in the strife for spoil. 14 Thee. Agni. Whom. as he moved in winding ways. 1. <225> . not bewildered. And worshipped thee the worshipful. 15 Look thou upon the viands duly laid for thee. Fain would he set thee here to worship Heaven and. 5 Thou givest these abundant boons to Divodasa pouring forth. the paths and ways. Dadhyac the Rsi. heroic strength exceeding great. Vrtra's slayer. o'ercome them with thy help. amid the race of man. Agni. Help us. 3 For well. Winner of spoil in every fight. 7 Mortals with pious thought implore thee. 17 Here the arranging priests. Sharpen us with thy penetrating splendour. Lord and Master of men's homesteads. And with these drops shalt thou grow strong. for full perfection and for weal. Agni. To Bharadvaja offering gifts. The head of Visva. O God. we make thee strong with fuel and with holy oil. Agni. 8 I glorify thine aspect and the might of thee the Bountilul. 18 Not for a moment only lasts thy bounty. [06-016] HYMN XVI. 10 Come. PRIEST of all sacrifices hast thou been appointed by the Gods. most wise in sacrifice. Immortal Messenger. too. 16 Together with all Gods. 12 For us thou winnest. of the Priest. implored for bliss. for duly dost thou spread in greatness: bear off thine ofrerings of to-day. breaker down of castles. 2 So with thy joyous tongues for us sacrifice nobly in this rite. art near. Far-spreading and of high renown. good to many a one! Our service therefore shalt thou gain. 6 Do thou. 19 O Agni. bring hither the Celestial Folk. will I sing verily other songs to thee. from the lotus-flower. God. o'ercome. 4 Thee. bedewed with oil. with mighty men. 15 The hero Pathya kindled thee the Dasyus'. Agni. Disposer. 17 Where'er tby mind applies itself. Let not our household gear be found defective. Bear this our worship to Savitar who sacrifices rightly. O liberal Agni. Hearing the singer's eulogy. Bring the Immortal Gods who strengthen holy Law: so let our sacrifice reach the Gods. Angiras. straight on. be seated first upon the woollined altar. All those who love shall joy in thee. Bring thou the Gods and worship them. Agni. they brought from gloom. Atharvan brought thee forth.

37 O Child of Strength. 42 In Jatavedas kindle ye the dear guest who hath now appeared In a soft place. 20 For he gave riches that surpass in greatness all the things of earth. kindled. as in days of old. Hast overspread the lofty heaven. from the troubling of the man of sin: Guard us thou Sage who knowest prayer. 40 Whom. bring the Gods to us to taste the sacrificial feast. Men's Agni. To drink the draught of Soma juice. 24 Bring those Two Kings whose ways are pure. Agni. 23 For as sagacious Herald he hath sat through every age of man. who glitterest like gold. O Agni. bring riches with store of hero sons: Slay thou the demons. unsubdued. the man who doeth evil deeds. shining in his Mother's everlasting side. O thou God. is the look Of thee Immortal. 21 Thou. the homestead's Lord. bright. these are helped by thee. Served with oblation. O Jatavedas. marked of all. 39 Mighty as one who slays with shafts. fight down the malice ofthe foe. Yea. Save us from woe that he would work. that it may shine to heaven. 27 These.-fain for riches. Let him he seated in his place. O Most Wise. 25 For strong and active mortal man. skilled in holy rites. devourer. thy steeds which are most excellent: They bear thee as thy spirit wills. 33 Give shelter reaching far and wide to Bharadvaja. brings oblations to procure our death. bring devotion that wins progeny. Agni. Oblation-bearing messenger. <226> . Excellent God! and Heaven and Earth. 36 O active Jatavedas. in their arms they bear. 32 Drive from us with thy tongue. the Vrtra-slayer. boldly your laud and sacrifice: Give the Disposer praise and song. Adityas. conquering Lord! Agni. noblest be the giver serving thee to-day: The man hath brought his hymn of praise. the Bharata. Agni. through the lord of song. Agni.19 Agni. have poured forth our songs. 28 May Agni with his pointed blaze cast down each fierce devouring fiend May Agni win us wealth by war. O Agni. excellent. Fighting untroubled. like an infant newly born. 43 Harness. Agni. 29 O active Jatavedas. or like a bull with sharpened horn. Set on the seat of holy Law. 30 Keep us. 38 To thee for shelter are we come. Agni. 22 Bring to your Agni. to thee whose look is lovely we with dainty food. send wealth most excellent. 44 Come hither. hath been sought. thou breakest down the forts. Divodasa's Hero Lord. who strong and active all their lives. as to the shade from fervent heat Agni. 35 His Father's Father. O God. with recent glory. Son of Strength 26 Rich through his wisdom. and the Marut host. The mortal who would strike us dead. 41 Bear to the banquet of the Gods the God best finder-out of wealth. O'ercome the malice of the foe. O my friends. gathered light. 34 May Agni slay the Vrtras. 31 Whatever sinner.

the Mighty Victor. with beauteousjaws. great destroyer. propped lofty heaven. wherewith thou crushedst the boasting Dragon. Let these be oxen unto thee. Eager and prompt at will. power. and for food and riches. Self-sustainer. the Priest of Heaven and Earth. and. the ty. best slayer of Vrtra. hear thou our prayer and let our songs exalt thee. 12 Thou settest free the rushing wave of waters. the Hero. for which. when lauded. strong. blaze high with everlasting might. true Sacrificer. thou gavest splendour to the Sun and Morning. O impetuous Hero. 46 The mortal man who serves the God with banquet. impetuous. 2 He. Warrior. 10 Yea. 7 Thou hast spread out wide earth. the bolt with thousand spikes and hundred edges. all-subduing. 48 The Gods enkindle Agni. life of every living creature. for thee whom all accordant Maruts strengthen. Indra. perfect. be ours upon the day of trial. 1. let these be bulls and kine to thee. 14 So. <227> . with our hymn. When Indra. a mighty marvel. 1. 13 So may our new prayer bring thee to protect us. Along steep slopes their course thou tumedst. 47 Agni. 3 Drink as of old. bursting the firm enclosures. O Indra. armed with thunder smotest Vrtra with might. Indra Indra. powerful. [06-017] HYMN XVII. the Bull of men. make food abundant. the Mighty. car-borne. and works of wonder. and every hostile being. great. who made these worlds. Eternal One. Pusan Visnu. One who brings us wealth and crushes down the Raksasas. first in rank. alone. 15 With this may we obtain strength God-appointed. loudly roaring. What time the godless was the Gods' assailant. let the cheering drops delight thee greatly. the juice that cheers. Indra. and. Champion. in terror of its anger. 4 These gladdening drops. 9 Yea. pierce through and free the cattle. the Strong. Magnify with these songs the never-vanquished. quaffed shall augment thee in thy mighty splendour. DRINK Soma. thou hast supported. Who whirls the dust on high. form us brilliant holy singers for strength. Mighty One. 5 Gladdened whereby. high thyself. Indra they chose to win the light of heaven. Hero. GLORIFY him whose might is all-surpassing. 2 Drink it thou God who art impetuous victor. directed downward. Give Bharadvaja hero patrons. thou breakest through the cattle-stall. Lord of our hymns. lauds Agni. all the Deities installed thee their one strong Champion in the van for battle. hast tamed the Dasyus. Lord of battles. Indra. we bring thee. O Indra. The mighty rock that compassed in the cattle. 11 He dressed a hundred buffaloes. and. Render of kine-stalls. O Indra. bringing gifts at sacrifice. and brave sons gladden us through a hundred winters. Strong One! Tvastar turned for thee. singly thou hast subdued the people for the Arya.45 O Agni of the Bharatas. 6 Thou with thy wisdom. ne'er moved. that slaughters Vrtra. oerthrower. May well attract. thou alone. [06-018] HYMN XVIII. hast stored the ripe milk in the raw cows' udders Unbarred the firm doors for the kine of Morning. oblation fashioned in the heart. whose Sons are Gods. young. the floods' great swell encompassed and obstructed. thou shookest from its seat. O Bold One. O Indra. the victory-giver. Shine forth and gleam. e'en that heaven itself of old bent backward before thy bolt. Mothers from old time ofholy Order. O Indra. for glory. so pierce thy way to wondrous strength. with prayer and hands uplifted. set free the cattle. who never groweth old. He. poured forth three great vessels to him. Indra. Indra. smote down within his lair the assailing Dragon. thunder-wielding. slaughter the foes. 8 Yea. with the Angirases. Both worlds. the Strong. Indra the much-invoked who fights uninjured. 3 Thou. Indra. O Indra. Make the Sun visible. speeding to the ocean. thee well-armed Hero with thy bolt of thunder. The Mighty. hath made all races of mankind his subjects. Thou who. Yea. and let the draught delight thee.

with name that lives for ever. 4 Now. of the strong. Invoked of many! the godless hath no power to keep thee distant. from earth is bruited forth the greatness of him the firm. In thy right hand hold fast thy bolt of thunder. 7 He in his might. that they may make us joyful. O Hero. Do what thou ne'er hast done. of the mighty. when thou. his praises. 1. Him who hath waxed by strength which none may conquer. 15 This power of thine both heaven and earth acknowledge. before us. He must be called to give us seed and offspring. wide. and boldly didst deliver Turvayana. the Lofty. 11 With wealth. for him. he hath been decked by those who serve him. Wherewith. O Mighty Worker: beget a new hymn at thy sacrifices. 12 From heaven. Dhuni. e'en as were those who sang. 4 For true. and force his doors and castles. we may laud thee in gaining seed and offspring. 9 Let thine heroic strength come from behind us. 5 With steadfast laws. fain for strength. Indra? Declare it at the proper season. by thine assistance. the Mighty. bestow on us the power heroic skilled and exceeding strong. Come. Agni. extend to us-ward thy wide capacious arms. hath far surpassed all human generations. ascend thy car to smite down Vrtra. He. hast covered over mischief and destroyed it. and even at once grown to complete perfection. <228> . like the dread shaft burn down the fiends. be they kin or stranger. O Most Potent. Indra. O God. hath his home with splendour. thou great Subduer! All splendid vigorous powers of men vouchsafe us. thou gavest freedom to sore-afflicted Heaven and to the people. with glory and with riches and with valour. no counterpart. we may conquer our foes in battle. 2 The bowl made Indra swift to gather booty. O Indra. 3 Stretch out those hands of thine. 7 Bring us. Atithigva. no refuge is there from him the Conqueror full of wisdom 13 This day the deed that thou hast done is famous. 9 With saving might that must be praised and lauded. and grant us glory. Indra. most heroic. 5 Be this our ancient bond of friendship with you and with Angirases here who speak of Vala. No foe hath he. paths that bring ample strength. hath grown to hero vigour: broad. thine. of old.Free from all blame. Most Mighty. In him unite all paths that lead to riches. wealth-giver. driver of the churl to acts of bounty. Pipru. When lauded for thyself. strong through Soma. From every side may it approach us. I deem. Indra. the wisest of the Sages. O thou Most Splendid. strong and most potent force. Give us the glory of the realm of splendour. as the dart burns the dry forest. Son of Strength. 6 Bring unto us the mightiest might. Ayu. uninjured. [06-019] HYMN XIX. without reproach. let us invite your Indra hither. 10 As Agni. or is it not. Thou who with high deep-reaching spear hast broken. Wondrous. like rivers that commingle with the ocean. and weaken. He. thy friendly rapturous joy that wins the battle. Sambara. the deathless Gods acknowledge it. thine the Conquering Victor. Lord of Bay Steeds. doubled in vastness. 8 Stranger to guile. O Indra. that wins the booty. Bounteous Lord. the High. who lieth hidden with his Heroes. Shaker of things firm. thine. bearing a name that may be well remembered. that their castles fell in ruin. Indra crushed Cumuri. thine hero exploit. the resplendent. the Thunderer must he moved and sped to battle. thy strength is. Like as the household herdsman guards the cattle. Undecaying. GREAT. showing his power in the great fight with Vrtra. the fiery. Wherewith by thee assisted and triumphant. Thou. his art and magic. 14 In thee. 6 With holy thoughts must he be called. o'er whom. with many thousand others Laidest low Kutsa. 8 Indra. didst smite him in his fresh strength. O Indra. by thousand paths come hither. who ne'er was false or faithless. and Susna. from above us or below us. unwasting in his powers. Youthful. grown mighty in its strength. Strong. hero-like controlling men is Indra.In this. turned to us. all Gods were joyful when thou slewest Ahi. so move thou round about us in the combat. thine the Mighty. he hath much fair and precious food to feed us.

Bethink thee now of these. Invoked of many! the midmost and the recent. Hymns call anew the chariot-borne. thy Law who art Immortal. that with might. 13 Through these thy friendships. o'ercomes our foes in battle Wealth that brings thousands and that wins the corn-lands. slain Dasa tribes and aided Purukutsa. Thou gavest to thy worshipper Rjisvan imperishable Wealth. be happy. whom Maruts follow. Visvedevas. 11 The Bull. gladdening with strong assistance. Slaying both kinds of foe. poured Soma. O Indra. art Lord of earthly. O Thunder-wielder! Therefore upon the earth do we invoke thee. with the Sun to aid him. dressed oblations. as heaven o'ertops the earth. and Tugra speedily with all his servants. And greedy Susna's magical devices nor left he any of their food remaining. 3 Indra. where heroes win. Indra. 12 Thou. God invoked of many! may we be victors over every foeman. Indra. thou wast his ancient strengthener. 2 I praise that Indra. and riches. Son of Strength! that vanquishes the foeman. Strong. have served thee. O Hero. 1. O Bounteous Giver. all Asura sway was by the Gods entrusted. the Celestial Ruler. 4 There. drovest on the waters that made a roaring sound like rushing rivers. with thy great might hast shattered Pipru's strong forts who knew the wiles of serpents. helped by thee. where is that Indra? among what tribes? what people doth he visit? What sacrifice contents thy mind . success. with the hosts he battles. <229> . their shelter. GIVE us wealth. with their sacrifices. 11 Favouring Usana the son of Kavi. the swift Dasni. o'er the sea thou broughtest. He guarded Nam. and worshipped with fuel. for wise Dasoni. with ample riches. as a present. him let us call to grant us new protection. 9 Resistless. O Hero. and heaven in greatness. and wishes? What priest among them all? what hymn. O Hero. 6 As the Hawk rent for him the stalk that gladdens. hymns. like heroes Indra. as the car-seat an archer: yoked at a word they bear the lofty Indra. Eternal: by eloquence men gain abundant riches. 1. the Panis f1ed. 12 Give up the people who are high and haughty to these men and to me. [06-020] HYMN XX. honoured with songs. 10 May we. may we. when he gained the sunlight. 3 He hath made pathways. was thy work in war: thou sentest Dhuni and Cumuri to sleep and slumber. Indra. extolled with hymns at sacrifices. gain by thy new favour: so Parus laud thee. King. Impetuous! leagued with Visnu. 5 What time the thunder fell and Susna perished. thunder-armed. roaring Indra. and the youngest. What time. may we win wealth by deeds glory. 'neath a hundred blows.. and lasting. and sated him with food. thou active Worker. in safety broughtest Turvasa and Yadu. surpasseth the magnitude of earth. When thou. bearing in both his arms the Vrtra-slaying thunder. slewest Vrtra the Dragon who enclosed the waters. all life's support from the great Druh was taken. Thou gavest Navavastva. That thou hast wrecked seven autumn forts. he wrenched the head from Namuci the Dasa. wealth. 2 Even as the power of Dyaus. here were they who. known to all men. forced near as 'twere to glorify the Mother. He mounts his Bays. Whose majesty. 7 Thou. Indra. throughout the darkness that extended pathless. all-conquering. addressed with prayer and perfect in his splendour. Thou. O Indra. O Indra. Lord of the bolt that breaketh forts in pieces. 8 The crafty Vetasu. the victory-giver. while the light was won. for sons and kine and waters. sublime. born of old. Mighty. thy friends of ancient time. Mightier than the mighty. Indra made room for his car-drivcr Kutsa who sate beside him. O Indra? 5 Yea. Victor. Dabhiti lit the flame for thee. became the King of the sweet juice of Soma. THESE the most constant singer's invocations call thee who art to be invoked. Sayya's son. 13 This Indra. O Mighty God. to the great father gavest back his grandson. whose strength hath waxed. [06-021] HYMN XXI. Mortals who yearn to worship ne'er dishonour. heavenly treasure: vouchsafe us riches vast. Hath Indra. in slumber.10 With most heroic aid from thee. rich in wondrous arts. free-giving Indra. 4 And he who did these things. to thee.

O Indra. Indra. and full of wisdom. Varuna. Indra. bearing in thine arms the thunder. Gods who made Manu stronger than the Dasyu. O Bull. victorious. 3 Let Indra drink the pressed-out Soma. with all who claim our worship. [06-023] HYMN XXIII. Dwelling on heights. on every side consume them: heat earth and flood for him who hates devotion. and treasure even to the lowly singer. Maghavan. Hero. come swittly with these Steeds in my direction. to whom the prayer is brought. of manly vigour. 2 Or when on that decisive day thou holpest the presser of the juice at Vrtra's slaughter. undaunted. 9 Of all the Heavenly Folk. the prayer of this thy present beadsman. go forth to meet it. undecaying. Savitar also. gavest to death. 11 Come with thy team which brings all blessings hither. For thou wast aye our fathers' Friend aforetime. drinks Soma. In thy right hand. he comes near the mighty. thou who art known to all as Path-preparer. and the Maruts. Or when with yoked Bays. 4 E'en humble rites with his Bay steeds he visits: he wields the bolt. and in his thoughts most mighty. O Indra.. Indra. Who sends a song effectual. Pusan and Visnu. 10 Give us confirmed prosperity. swift. sages seven. Lord of Bay Steeds. Disposer. still swift to listen to their supplication. whose tongue is Agni. at prayer. deeply-piercing. Who visit sacred rites. Hero. Agni and Purandhi. the Mighty One. smiting down opponents. we praise thee as great for that wherein we know thee mighty. conduct us o'er all places hard to traverse. exceeding holy.6 Inquiring after him. Mightiest! roaring! boldly rent in pieces things that were firmly fixed and never shaken. Indra. WITH these my hymns I glorify that Indra who is alone to be invoked by mortals. broad-backed. Helper and mighty Guide of him who sings his praises. 4 Tell thou us this. [06-022] HYMN XXII. invoked of many? 5 He who for car-borne Indra. the invoker's invocation. Strong Subduer. 10 The singers here exalt with hymns and praises thee who art very Mighty and Most Holy. 12 On good and evil ways be thou our Leader. Hear. Mitra . too. O Indra. Navagvas. him who waxed against thee. Strengthen therewith the Arya's hate and Dasa's. So may that Indra. unwearied. much-invoked. abundant. 9 Bring to our help this day. with thy Horses. to make us joyful. O Son of Strength. With thine own ancient friend and companion. <230> . O Indra. hath a hymn. while urging him to show his might. and let the arms of Nahusas be mighty. gives us cattle. the strongest Ancient One. craving. 6 Strong of thyself. With heat. Or when thou. when invoked. and when the hymn is chanted. Bring us. at laud. no God can stay or hinder. 3 We seek that Indra to obtain his riches that bring much food. 8 Thou for the people who oppress hast kindled the earthly firmament and that of heaven. THOU art attached to pressed-out Soma. grasp die thunder: Eternal! thou destroyest all enchantments. And. Thou whom no fiend. the thunderbolt. Immortal! 11 Now to my words come quickly thou who knowest. O God of splendid aspect. fluent. 8 Hear. The Lord. for our protection. thou by this art hast shattered. 2 Our sires of old. boundless. Indra. Bring power to us. vast and exhaustless for the foe's subduing. and strength-bestowing. of earthly creatures thou art the King. with thought-swift Parvata. while the strong one feared. in ancient manner. rich. armed with thunder. true. cherishing the singer. Indra. What is thy share and portion. thy later servants. brave Champion! drive it backward. Asura-slayer. Beside thee there is nonelike thee. Hero. 1. the daring Dasyus. Steeds that are best to draw. and the Plants and Mountains. He gives the hero room who pours oblations. thou comest. extolled him. celestial wealth. 7 The demon's strength is gathered fast against thee: great as that strength hath grown. and men. guileless in word. 1. and store of heroes. have gained thy former old traditions. if at thy hand aforetime the earlier singers have obtained good fortune. firmly-grasping. faithful Leader. 7 Him will we fit for you with new devotion. O Indra.

he gives strength. While Soma flows we will sing hymn. 3 Those who array themselves as foes to smite us. come hither and protect him. no brave. O Indra. praise. WITH thine assistance. thou drinker of the juices. no bonds are they.Strike thou their manly strength that it be feeble. 10 Hasting to help. Not one of these is match for thee. 8 Extolled. Like branches of a tree. King of songs. he quaffs the juice of Soma: That Maghavan whom men must laud with singing. 3 The lofty axle of thy wheels. 4 With strength of limb the hero slays the hero. thine energies. O Hero. [06-025] HYMN XXV. 7 Mark well our sacrificial cake. no hero. from injury preserve him. 10 While Soma flowed. then Indra's vigour. Here on the sacrificer's grass be seated: give ample room to thy devoted servant. Heaven-dweller. by the pressed Soma. the bard's Supporter. Somadrinker! bring thee. Like bonds of cord. With these chase all our foes to every quarter: subdue the tribes of Dasas to the Arya. O thou Mighty Indra. or the highest. May brave sons gladden us through a hundred winters. your bounteous Indra with the Soma. delighted Indra. be joyful as thou willest. That Indra may become the singer's patron and give him wealth in every kind of treasure. Invoked of many manifold aids spring forth from thee. Stand up erect to help us. 1.Still may his body Wax. 5 Yet no strong man hath conquered thee. glory are with Indra: impetuous God. no warrior trusting in his valour. as from a mountain's ridge. replenish duly your own. extolled in holy synod. the midmost. High mountains are as level plains to Indra: even in the deep he finds firm ground to rest on. give strengthening food. 7 That Indra whom nor months nor autumn seasons wither with age. thus Indra hath been lauded. O Indra. that bind the younglings. O Indra. and check the opponent's wrath. 9 Friends. O theme of song. 9 Impetuous Speeder through all depth and distance. when thejuices flow. hears. be it the least. Let these our sacrifices reach and find thee. 5 What he hath longed for we have brought to Indra. 6 Thou hast made prayer the means of thine exalting. victorious Hero. keep him from harm when he is here. whose help is lasting. be they kin or be they strangers. therefore we wait on thee with hymns. who from the days of old hath done us service. the singer call him. e'en now so mighty. abroad. 2 With these discomfit hosts that fight against us. he bends not to the strong. so that our prayer may streng. kine. When two opposing hosts contend in battle for seed and offspring. Strong God! in battle that subdues our foemen. mid the Bharadvajas. Thou far surpassest all these living creatures. 6 By song and sacrifice men brought the waters from thee. most wise. blissful sweet refreshment. what time the gloom of night brightens to morning. O Indra. <231> . 1. Indra. glorified by the lauds and hymns that praise him. accepts our praise and hears the singer's calling. Strong. 8 O Mighty One. 2 He. are like the paths of kine converging homeward. Indra. At home. to help us. Varuna. nor to the bold incited by the Dasyu. the steadfast. or corn-lands. Here have we Mitra. 5 One act to-day. nor fleeting days enfeeble. with far-reaching aid. with sacrifice. Urging thy might. Praise of Men. endowed with vigour. and Pusan to overcome the foeman's domination.Great with those aids and by these powers support us. May we. and laud him. another act tomorrow oft Indra makes what is not yet existeni. and drive in headlong flight our foemen backward. O Indra. when bright in arms they range them for the combat.He makes the valiant rich in store of heroes. drink Soma and the milk commingled. Will it not aid him to support us? Indra. Ruler of nobles. O Indra. STRONG rapturous joy. Excellent. spares him who sheds the juice to win his favour. waters. unreluctant. Friend of man. [06-024] HYMN XXIV. with these fair lauds they seek thee. Indra. as horses rush tobattle. thyself uninjured. is not surpassed by heaven and earth in greatness. And may this hymn and these our invocations turn thee. whom many men invoke. O thou of boundless bounty. 4 Strong Lord.

in quaffing or in friendship with. plying their tongues move on 'twixt earth and heaven. 2 Indra aids him who offers sacrifice and gifts: he takes not what is his. Here let them stay prolific. [06-028] HYMN XXVIII. with the liberal chiefs. Slewest the Dasa Sambara of the mountain. in quest of fame. hear us. illustrious ruler. Along with Vetasu thou slewest Tugra. the Soma? What joys have men of ancient times or recent obtained within the chamber of libation? 2 In its wild joy Indra hath proved him faithful. given by Gods for victory in battle. their boldest was demolished. O Indra. at this holy invocation. O Indra. O INDRA. O Agni. to aid him. His truth is the delight that in this chamber the men of old and recent times have tasted. together. to gain great strength that may be won as booty: To thee. 7 He. who praised thee. in slaying foemen and in gaining riches. slewest with might. 8 To thee for high dominion hath been for evermore. O Indra. The liberal Sovran. thy best beloved. 6 Made glad with Soma-draughts and faith. Give us strong succour on the day of trial. with damsels. falling before the arrow. know not the riches of thy full abundance. mailed. the fiends' subduer. 8 Two wagon-teams. O Maghavan. Vrcivan's sons. I. Mightiest! Hero-girt! Nahusa heroes boast them in thee. son of warrior sire. we call on thee to win us mighty valour. and madest Tuji strong. Indra. 1 WHAT deed hath Indra done in the wild transport. and protector. 4 This one great power of thine our eyes have witnessed. we know not. and. 5 Thou madest good the laud. [06-027] HYMN XXVII. thou sentest Cumuri to his sleep. Abhydvartin Cayamdna. 9 So urge our hosts together in the combats: yield up the godless bands that fight against us. Singing. Thou. When by the force of thy descending thunder. and gives him more thereto. Indra. 6 Three thousand. O Indra. Cows. <232> . All lordly power and might. At Hariyupiya he smote the vanguard of the Vrcivans. O Holy Indra. Best be Pratardani. whose two red Steers. at once. and e'en now. 3 All thy vast power. acquire thy blin supreme and domination. at the mere solund. yea. for slaughtering the Vrtras. he looks when fighting hand to hand for cattle. 5 In aid of Abhyavartin Cayamana. thou holpest Dasadyu the strong when fighting. O Hero. twenty oxen. Indra. seeking goodly pasture. didst ruin Susna for the pious Kutsa. 7 And when the people stir themselves for battle. 3 Thou didst impel the sage to win the daylight. and with strange aids didst succour Divodasa. the chiefs who have installed us priests. the triply-strong Defender. Indra. 4 The lofty battle-car thou broughtest forward. faithful in its friendship. 2 The warrior. Gave Turvasa to Srnjaya. Indra. O much-sought Indra. kindly giving Raji to Pithinas. and yield through many morns their milk for Indra. and the rear fled frighted. No one hath seen that might of thine. invokes thee. we Bharadvajas. wherewith thou slewest Varasikha's children. be thou their saviour. 8 So may we he thy friends. This guerdon of Prthu's seed is hard to win from others. the sixty thousand. When. productive of bounty every day renewed. thy manliest of our friends. what time thou rentest a hundred thousand fighting foes. on the Yavyavati. the pious.6 He is the Lord of both these armies' valour when the commanders call them to the conflict: When with their ranks expanded they are fighting with a great foe or for a home with heroes. And theirs. the brave man's Lord. gave the Vrcivans up to Daivavata. to please Dabhiti. 1. like bursting vessels went to their destruction. Raining down the Soma. many-coloured. Indra destroyed the seed of Varasikha. THE Kine have come and brought good fortune: let them rest in the cow-pen and be happy near us. when the tribes gather on the field of battle. at morn may we find thee with favour. giveth me. faithful in quaffing. The invulnerable demon's head thou clavest when thou wouldst win the praise of Atithigva. [06-026] HYMN XXVI. 7 May I too.

as 'twere. and the firmness of the mountain. 4 This is the truth. 3 These are ne'er lost. O Lord of riches: thou in thine hands hast held the people. are yoked ready for the journey. bane of crops. and never to the shambles do they take their way. Robed in a garment fair as heaven to look on. the Cows whereby he pours his gifts and serves the Gods. they seem a portion of the first-poured Soma. These present Cows. thunder-armed. recite their praises. no robber ever injures them: no evil-minded foe attempts to harass them. they. Heaven. The master of the Kine lives many a year with these. 4 That Soma when effused hath best consistence. Bold. and. the mountain. For he bestows great wealth. smite down the many Vrtras and the Dasyus. O ye Indra. which by its greatness sundered earth and heaven. the cattle of the pious worshipper. 2 Him to whose hand. so may he. 1. through thy strength. and every day the Sun became apparent. 5 To me the Cows seem Bhaga. rich. <233> . 5 No limit of thy might hath been appointed. none else is like thee. These Cows. 5 Indra. in guerdon. he bestoweth treasures. voracious. alone. with thy hero might. for their floods thou clavest passage. Never be thief or sinful man your matter. they seem Indra. 3 Thy devotees embrace thy feet for glory. thou breakest up the floods and portals on all sides. Indra. no mortal. Helper unaided. Yea. mighty I esteem his Godlike nature: none hindereth what he hath once determined. By which the men who pray. of all that liveth. 8 Now let this close admixture be close intermigled with these Cows. Most Wise! the regions were made steadfast. though naught may move them.Increasing ever more and ever more his wealth. Indra! Men have invoked thee with contending voices for seed and waters. in fight for cattle. 2 Through fear of thee. O Indra. no God superior to thee. Indra. Your power is glorified in our assemblies. extolling Indra chief favourites of Gods. Indra! thou didst conquer Susna. and may the dart of Rudra still avoid you. 3 E'en now endures thine exploit of the Rivers. the heaven. roam over widespread pasture where no danger is. all the regions of earth. Mixt with the Steer's prolific flow. with help his flocks to waters. men closely cling. shake and tremble. I long for Indra with my heart and spirit. for which the food is dressed and grain is mingled. 6 So be the lofty Indra prompt to listen. and lettest loose the streams to hurry seaward. [06-031] HYMN XXXI Indra. thou hast displayed thee like an active dancer. driving. Near and afar he spread and set the regions. progeny and sunlight. and drivers stand on his golden chariot firmly stationed. These the Prince filleth full with strong endeavour. SOLE Lord of wealth art thou. YOUR men have followed Indra for his friendship. 7 Crop goodly pasturage and be prolific drink pure sweet water at good drinking places. [06-029] HYMN XXIX Indra. Thou slewest Ahi who besieged the waters. 1. Like men who sit at meat the mountains settled: by thee. Indra. ye with auspicious voices. 6 O Cows. he makes the pious dwell within unbroken bounds. 4 The charger with his dusty brow o'ertakes them not. and the forest. and Morning. and for his loving-kindness glorified him. when. Great and Kind. the Thunder-wielder: worship him. and make the unlovely beautiful tolook on. Indra transcendeth both the worlds in greatness: one half of him equalleth earth and heaven. Thou art the King of men. engendering at once Sun. 1. With his firm arms he holds the reins. Eternal. ye fatten e'en the worn and wasted. -the earth. the Stallions. Prosper my house. All that is firm is frightened at thy coming. 2 Yea. Indra. golden-visored Hero. [06-030] HYMN XXX. his Horses. 3 With Kutsa. shown forth in might unequalled. INDRA hath waxed yet more for hero prowess. to win his favour.

prosper and aid us. Indra. befriend us with no scanty succour. Lover of song! Steer! for the people's welfare. and madest Bharadvaja rich who praised thee. Come with thine help to me. Indra may guard and help us. the very mighty Wielder of the Thunder. WHEN shall our prayers rest in thy car beside thee? When dost thou give the singer food for thousands? When wilt thou clothe this poet's laud with plenty. singing. For him the Ancient. 4 Thou smotest to the ground the hundred castles. Indra. O Indra. 5 Be ours. [06-035] HYMN XXXV. invoked of many. a Sage among the sages. the Fort-destroyer. he still hath conquered in the frays for cattle. sped by his Coursers. with the singers.In the close fray thou rentest him: thou stolest the Sun's wheel and didst drive away misfortunes. 5 As such. GIVE us the rapture that is mightiest. Great. Like water brought to men in desert places. 2 Amid the sages. their holy hymns and lauds. [06-032] HYMN XXXII Indra. he loosed the bond that held the beams of Morning. 2 For with loud voice the tribes invoke thee. praised of many. bold. I WITH my lips have fashioned for this Hero words never matched. in war's division. roaring with the holy-thoughted singers. incessant and exhaustless. and when wilt thou enrich our hymns with booty? <234> . the offered Soma yearns to mix with Indra. Energetic. When. For when a hundred or a thousand singers. sheltered by the Mighty. laud him who loves the song their praise delights him. And broken down the forts. O Hero. 1. for great joy of battle mount thy terrific car. most plentiful and auspicious. Now and of old the eulogies of sages. with the Sun he brightened the Parents: glorified. true Hero. be graciously inclined and near to help us. both the Arya and the Dasa. most manly Chieftain! 4 Indra. 3 They make their way to Indra and exalt him. hast pierced through the Panis: the charger whom thou aidest wins the booty. O Soma-buyer. Loved of all that liveth. Strong. Indra. spread among men my glory. 1. 1. When. thou distant Roamer. borne by mares with many heroes. O Brave and Manly. Thus may we. Indra must be the cause of our rejoicing. bim whom no prayers and no laudations trouble. 5 To him this mighty eulogy. Thus set at liberty the rivers daily flow to their goal. 3 Famed for great deeds. And. Indra. O Indra. we invoke thee. and quells the Vrtras and the foes in battle. Indra. Thou. FULL Many songs have met in thee. That in the great encounter with the foemen. hath swiftly won the waters from the southward. with abundant vigour and plenteous strength to him who sings thy praises. Strong. now and for the future. to aid them in the battlefield of heroes. with might thou holpest Divodasa who poured libations out. alone is glorified at sacrifices. 2 He. of opposing foemen. 1. he burst the mountain. impregnable. O Hero. prompt to bestow and swift to aid. our gifts at sacrifice have still refreshed him. fighting for the sunlight. Loved of all life. to Indra hath this our laud been uttered by the poets. That wins with brave steeds where brave steeds encounter. Come hither. and. [06-034] HYMN XXXIV. 3 Both races. have yearned for Indra. in the fray. and many a noble thought from thee proceedeth. Indra. 4 Come with thy girthed mares. Like a car harnessed for some great achievement. of Sambara the Dasyu. Hast thou struck down like woods with well-shot lightnings: thou rentest them in fight. a Friend with friends. 5 Indra with rush and might. glorious God. win many cattle on the day of trial. with priests who kneel and laud him. O Hero. [06-033] HYMN XXXIII. 4 As brightness mingles with the Moon in heaven.

thou removest sorrow. so. 1. thy feast-companions. this call to Gods composed in sacred verses. thy Horses. whom sacrifice shall strengthen. Most Marvellous. O Indra. Indra. O mighty Indra. and vigour follow Indra. guardest thy servant's treasure. when we serve the Gods. THY raptures ever were for all men's profit: so evermore have been thine earthly riches. O Indra. foe destroyer Him who gives pure gifts may I praise unceasing. Bold One! partest wealth among the nobles. he stirs this man to give the guerdon. fain for worship. Indra. so. thou Most Mighty. [06-038] HYMN XXXVIII. us and to quell our foemen. The Bounteous. 4 Supreme. and. our holy songs reach him the Comprehensive. most efficacious of the princes. 2 Men have obtained his strength by sacrificing. For thee. 5 Him. will we to-day. 1. when wilt thou. Indra. O singer. and ne'er may Vayu's Amrta cease and fail him. Sakra! Hence art thou praised as Hero. Great. O Thunderer. 3 Bringing us hitherward all-potent Indra on well-wheeled chariot. and waxen strongfor bounty and for glory. 3 Him have I sung with my best song and praises. Send food to swell the milch-cow good at milking: bright be its shine among the Bharadvajas. since among Gods thou hast had power and Godhead. prosper. As rivers reach the sea. O Indra. of excellent and brightly-shining riches. 2 The speaker filleth with a cry to Indra his ears who cometh nigh e'en from a distance. and autumns. Celestial King of the strong draught of Soma. on to hero valour. and prevail in combat? Thou shalt win triply kine in frays for cattle. Tlat thou mayst be our own. our guest aforetime. e'en the poor invoketh: may we this day. For thou art Lord of men. yoked. Best Vrtra-slayer be the Hero Indra these things he gives as Prince. our celestial Soma. OF this our charming. heroes with heroes. quicken the Angirases by devotion. invite to aid.-Indra. May this my call bring Indra to my presence. as heaven girds earth. as teams of horses. without an equal: of all the world thou art the only Sovran. <235> . 3 Yea. For the rein-seizing. accepteth song yet more famous and the gifts we bring him. wise. make the prayer all-sustaining for the singer? When wilt thou yoke. Priest. Sage. famed through thy might in every generation. [06-036] HYMN XXXVI. give thou us celestial glory. HE hath drunk hence. 5 Lead otherwise this present foeman. splendid with horses and the fame of riches. and song and hymn. joying in power. 3 Associate with him. 1. with strong endeavour. 4 Lauded by us. and carried away our great and splendid call on Indra. Whom Dawns shall strengthen when the night departeth. manly might. May Indra drink of this. born for conquering might in full perfection. Powerful. Thou still hast been the dealer-forth of vigour. and come to offerings that bring wealth in cattle? 4 Grant to the Singer food with store of cattle.Wherewith. as we yoke songs. Indra of ancient birth and Everlasting. Soma. thou who. the Heavenly. bring thy car hither fraught with every blessing.2 When wilt thou gatber men with men. Indra whom days shall strengthen. help. let flow the spring. months. strong with praises. 5 Hear what thou mayst hear. 5 Indra is hewho gives enduring vigour: may our songs magnify the God Most Mighty. [06-037] HYMN XXXVII Indra. may the Steeds who bear him Convey him on the road direct to glory. 1. with inspired devotion. LET thy Bay Horses. and praises and devotion. 2 Forth to the vat the brown drops flow for service. [06-039] HYMN XXXIX Indra. For prayer and songs in him are concentrated: let laud wax mighty when addressed to Indra: 4 Indra. eloquent. and purified proceed directly forward. the impetuous Charger they furnished power even for Vrtra's slaughter. and ever urged him.

4 To him. to give him pleasure. [06-042] HYMN XLII. present or absent. 2 With that well-formed most wide-extending palate. juice is shed to make thee joyful: loose thy Bay Steeds and give thy friends their freedom. 2 With Soma go ye nigh to him chief drinker of the Soma's juice: With beakers to the Impetuous God. on the day of trial. praised. Give waters. for our great prosperity approach us. the waters have made this Soma ready for thy drinking. Begin the song. O Indra: pressed Soma-drops are purified to please thee. thou Strong Supporter. rushing against the mountain led on by Law. Soma pressed. Come to this sacrifice of ours. 2 Craving the kine. Will he not keep us safely from the spiteful curse of each presumptuous high-born foe? [06-043] HYMN XLIII. He made the Mornings to be born in splendour. With mind devoted. for India. 4 He shone and caused to shme the worlds that shone not. herbs that have no poison. the Soma. Listen and hear the prayers which now we offer. for one who knows. the Adhvaryu standeth up before thee: let thy spoil-winning thunderbolt attend thee. and men. 5 We call on thee. Full wise he knows the hope of each. 1. O Ancient King! fill thou the singer with plenteous food that he may deal forth treasures. Rejoice thee. 3 This Indu lighted darksome nights. 5 Mayst thou. come hither: evermore thou camest through our great strong desire to drink the Soma. for he longs to drink. IN whose wild joy thou madest once Sambara Divodasa's prey. to him who lauds thee. O Indra. with thy team. 3 What time. O Indra. Indra. As cattle seek their home. O Indra: come thou hither: sufficient be the Soma for thy body. BRING sacrificial gifts to him. wheresoe'er thou dwellest. throughout the years. Song-lover! guard our sacrifice. O Indra. to him give offerings of the juice expressed. He moves with Steeds yoked by eternal Order. hath been made ready for the Bull. Lord of the Bays. best to draw. [06-040] HYMN XL. Give strength for sacrifice to him who singeth. God. thy food for ever. hast thou drunken. 3 This drop. Drink thou. at morning and at evening. seated in our assembly. DRINK. the Hero ever in the van. Bold One. <236> . and. O Victor replenish all thy powers with this libation. steer-strong and omniform. Drink this. COME gracious to our sacrifice. 2 Drink thou of this whereof at birth. Thence. 1. wherewith thou ever drinkest streams of sweetness. The men. Him have they stablished as the days' bright ensign. Indra 1. Indra 1. better. guard us among our people. with the juice effused. with Soma. first of those who claim our worship. to Indra with the drops effused. Satakratu! in the juices guard us in wars. 3 The fire is kindled. He broke the never-broken ridge of Vala. come. contenting men with nave that finds the sunlight. Come. With words of might Indra subdued the Panis. By Law he lighted up the host of Mornings. with holyminded comrades. I invoke thee. send the singer food with milk to grace it. strikes this foe and that. ye come before the God. 4 Soma when pressed excels the unpressed Soma.Of this thy close attendant. the cows. this that is thine of old. and kine. Mighty One for power and rapture. O Indra: let thy Bays.Indra. Indra. accordant with the Maruts. The Wanderer who comes with speed. Adhvaryu! yea. so Thunderwielder. Omniscient. 4 Indra. to help us. Indra. thou drankest. forests. 5 Now. convey thee hither. and steeds. and let this sacrifice increase thy vigour. [06-041] HYMN XLL Indra. the pressing-stones.

12 As Indra thundering impels the rain-clouds. set thou our princes on thy side. struck down resistless Vrtras. Strong God! stand thy strong Horses. and cheered therewith slay Vrtra with his thunder. and keep far from us hatred and affliction. The Hero Indra. Give with thy might abundant vital force. made his beauteous form apparent. 15 May Indra drink this Soma poured to please him. Indra! libation's Lord! is this. O Indra: drink! 4 This. Thou art of old the Cherisher of singers let not the rich who bring no gifts deceive thee. O Indra drink! 3 In whose wild joy thou settest free the kine held fast within the rock. Him whom our songs increase in strength. be not thou ungracious. Strong Hero! to the hungry: unharmed be we whom thou. To him exalted by the hymns and praises. 20 Beside the vat. 13 Adbyaryu. shed from the points. harnessed. Indra. Full many a boon hast thou for men demolish those who present no gifts nor pour oblations. Most Bounteous. speeding hither. Lord of the Bay Steeds. the Lovely. Winning through hymns a lofty title. Soma is pressed: thy gladdening draught. Most Effectual One! thine. O Indra: drink! 2 Whose gladdening draught. 3 Wherewith thou art increased in strength. in whose juice delighting thou gainest the might of Maghavan. 5 Those Goddesses. Maghavan be they kin or strangers. Steeds with strong chariot and strong reins to hold them. O Indra. 4 Him for your sake I glorify as Lord of Strength who wrongeth none. I will spread abroad with power this song of praise. This Soma is pressed out for thee. like waves exulting. so rich. 9 Bestow on us the most illustrious strength ward off men's manifold malignities. Soma is pressed: thy gladdening draught. hero. crush and kill them. 18 O Indra Maghavan. he found the skilful priest: he drank. he. revere the power and might of him. extend and grow. He conquered. THAT which is wealthiest. so doth he send us store of kine and horses. That we may gain waters and seed and offspring. well-harnessed. strong of jaw. like songs. the Lord of bounty swift to come. may drink it. thou guardest in the midst and end. 8 In course of Law the sapient juice was quaffed: the Deities to glory turned their mind. Strong Horses. 14 In the wild joy of this hath Indra. Hero. befriendest. of the singing Rsis. the unfriendly. conquering all. Wealthy God in splendoursmost illustrious. 2 Effectual. Those who still aim their hostile darts to smite us. slay our foemen.This Soma is pressed out for thee. in these our battles win easy paths for us and ample freedom. No friend among mankind have we to lookto: why have men called thee him who spurs the niggard? 11 Give us not up. as bestowing wealth of hymns. and conquerest with thy proper aids. ancient and modern. 10 We turn to thee as Giver. <237> . and was with far-spread power his friends' Protector. Indra! libation's Lord! is this. Indra! libation's Lord! is this. 7 A recent Friend. bring thee hither. This Soma is pressed out for thee. Soma is pressed: thy gladdening draught. 6 To seat your Indra. and showed forth treasure from the Gods. This Soma is pressed out for thee. and aid us graciously in gaining riches. shining with holy oil. liberal Indra. good lover of our songs. O Indra. bring to mighty Indrafor he is King thereof-the pressed-out juices. turn them to flight. bearing thunder. 19 Let thy Bay Stallions. 1. the bard's Supporter. O Indra drink! [06-044] HYMN XLIV. 17 Therewith enraptured. Proclaim aloud to him the savoury Soma so that the Hero. Come to our sacrifice even from a distance. The saving succours that abide in him. knowing full many a form. That it may cheer the God to gracious favour. 16 The cup whence Indra drinks the draught is present: the Amrta dear to Indra hath been drunken. God of all the tribes. borne by strong all-shaking mares. both Heaven and Earth. for the strong exciting potion.

O Indra. the Strong. through thee. Bull of the rivers. hast been Great in the contest for the prize. And foil their arts. art Guardian and Friend of one and two. and!nanilbld are Ins eulogies: His kind protections never fail. sing your psalm and offer praise to him to whom the prayer is brought: For our great Providence is he. 9 Lord of Strength. and givest cause to sing thy praise: Good hero art thou called by men. with Indra for ally. listen to our call. 19 I call the ancient Friend. 8 Him in whose hands they say are stored all treasures from the days of old. Caster of the Stone. 3 Great are his ways of guiding us. as 'twere a cow to milk. Matchless and Alone. Soma of juices shed by mighty press-stones. allied with wealth. O Conqueror. Indra. We. The Hero. This Indu stole away the warlike weapons. destroy the firm forts built by men. unbending God! 10 Thee. 4 Friends. <238> . Most active. both steeds and spoil Most glorious. with our art and aim. Bull of standing waters. 24 He stayed and held the heaven and earth asunder: the chariot with the sevenfold reins he harnessed. and set within the Sun the light that lights him. held fast the Pani. and wins Even with slow steed the offered prize. 2 Even to the dull and uninspired Indra. He found in heaven. and foiled the arts of his malignant father. Soma-drinker. Indra. 13 Thou. thee as such. As such. 17 Thou who hast been the singers' Friend. and art now to be called on when the prize lies ready. the Bull of heaven.Indra. This Soma Set with power within the milch-kine a spring whose ripe contents ten fingers empty. the threefold Amrta in its close concealment. whatever aid of thine imparts the swiftest course. 21 Thou art the Bull of earth. with heroic soul. The Brahman who accepts the prayer. 12 With hymns and coursers we will gain. in the third lucid regions. Him to whom chiefly prayer is brought. O Bull. they bring to thee. to slay the fiends: Mayst thou subdue the foemen's host. conquering in the fight. 6 Beyond men's hate thou leadest us. 22 This God. 5 Thou. of a man like one of us. 16 Praise him who. sweet to drink. the Strong and Mighty. win the proffered prize. hath Indu swollen. [06-045] HYMN XLV. and the proffered prize. THAT Indra is our youthful Friend. O Lord of Power. who with his trusty guidance led Turvasa. true. 15 As skilfullest of those who drive the chariot. Yea. favour us. 1. 18 Grasp in thine arms the thunderbolt. Indra. 14 Slayer of foes. O Thunder-armed. O Indra. Yadu from afar. For thee. 23 The Dawns he wedded to a glorious Consort. juice pleasant. gives vital power. for thine election. was born the Lord of living men. 7 I call with hymns. fain for glory. with might. who speeds the lowly man. the Friend who merits praise. 11 Such as thou wast of old. With that impel our car to speed. when first he had his being. a Friend auspicious with thine aid. have invoked. whom men must stir to help. Slaughterer of Vrtra. Lover of the Song.

Ruler of men. Chief. Caster of the Stone! Pour on us boldly. THAT we may win us wealth and power we poets. and all the splendid fame that the Five Tribes enjoy Bring. all manly powers at once. Maghavan. whose hand holds thunder. with a thousand powers. 8 Or. kine and chariotsteeds. thou hast filled full this earth and heaven. Mighty amid the Gods. 9 O Indra. the hero's Lord. Be thou our Helper in the mighty battle fought for sunlight. swift as the rushing of the wind. to succour us. Lover of the Song. When he hath listened to our songs. Bestow a dwelling-place on the rich lords and me. in the conquering fray. 4 Rcisama. O Indra come to thee. Lord of kine! 22 Sing this. water. All that is weak in us. O King. Much-invoked. 32 He whose good bounty. and for life. withholdeth not his gift of power and wealth in kine. To please him as a mighty Steer. thousandfold. in the furious fray. As milch-kine hasten to their young 29 To thee most oft invoked. excellent. with anger.- <239> . help thou and prosper us in fight. 3 We call upon that Indra. 31 Brbu hath set himself above the Panis. a triple refuge triply strong. Suddenly offers as a gift. 21 So with thy yoked teams satisfy our wish with power and wealth in steeds And cattle. Like mother cows to meet their calves. praised as mighty. to him your Hero. what vigorous strength in Trksi lay. to thee. 25 O Indra Satakratu. who. 28 These songs with every draught we pour come. mightiest. Indra. Indra. 26 Hard is thy love to win: thou art a Steer to him who longs for steers: Be to one craving steeds a Steed. o'er their highest head. that. in the steed's race-course call on thee. To which the Dasyu-slayer goes. thunder-armed. 30 Nearest and most attractive may our laud. Indra. 5 O Indra. bring us name and fame. in Druhyus or in Paru's folk. 23 He. Urge thou us on to ample wealth. Like the wide bush on Ganga's bank. what time the ' juice is pressed. best to give a thousand liberal gifts. grant a happy home. 10 They who with minds intent on spoil subdue the foe. ever to be the conqueror's strength. Indra. most active. ever slays the foe: Lord of the brave. [06-046] HYMN XLVI. amid the many singers' rivalry Who beg with all their might for wealth. 27 Delight thee with the juice we pour for thine own great munificence: Yield not thy singer to reproach. 2 As such. Excellent. 24 May he with might unclose for us the cow's stall.20 For he alone is Lord of all the treasures of the earth: he speeds Hither. thou forcest men as with a bull. Fully bestow on us. 7 All strength and valour that is found. boldly. boldly attack and smite him down. in tribes of Nahusas. yea. 33 So all our singers ever praise the pious Brbu's noble deed. verily. Most Manly. 6 We call on thee. these our songs have called aloud to thee. enriching. O Wonderful. whosesoe'er it be. O Wondrous God. fair-visored. we may subdue our foes in fight. call on thee: In war men call on thee. Excellent God. Wherewith. make firm: make our foes easy to subdue. best to give his thousands. and keep thy dart afar from these. chief Lover of the Song. 1.

Indra victorious lives through many autumns. us to their lofty shelter. the arrows with their sharpened points. O Indra. ten times a hundred. Vrtra-slayer! Fill thyself full at the mid-day libation. responsive to the urging call. subdue us. the lofty height of heaven. even this. 11 Indra the Rescuer. where heroes strain their bodies in the fight. this is good to taste and full of. and grant me thy divine protection. Maghavan. let my days be lengthened: sharpen my thought as 'twere a blade of iron Approve whatever words I speak. dependent on thee. hath extended sway. This Sage hath measured out the six expanses from which no single creature is excluded. YEA. favour us with succour. and sunlight. and manifold libations. 15 Who lauds him. hating the high and haughty. Who will for ever stand upon the foeman's side. the shelter that our fathers loved. 14 Like rivers rushing down a slope. and may we be the lords of hero vigour. O Indra. be closest guardian of our lives. in the mighty fray thou urgest chargers to their speed. to thee haste songs and prayers and linked verses. Indra. security. yea. even from afar. When he defeated Sambara's many onslaughts. He formed the nectar in three headlong rivers. sweetness. King of both worlds. for his Bay Steeds are yoked. 17 He loves no more the men he loved aforetime: he turns and moves away allied with others. as our Leader. 13 May we enjoy the grace of him the Holy. 19 Here Tvastar. Indra. That come like birds attracted to the bait. as when one moves his feet alternate. 16 Famed is the Hero as each strong man's tamer. Baffle our foes. O Indra. 6 Drink Soma boldly from the beaker. the Steer begirt by Maruts. thou Treasury of riches. 7 Look out for us. To us and to our sons give refuge: keep afar all unobserved hostility. and battered down his nineand ninety ramparts. ever advancing one and then another. and give us rest and safety. Thunderer! like widespread bounty. and lead us on to wealth with careful guidance. [06-047] HYMN XLVII. On the uneven road and on a toilsome path. Indra moves multiform by his illusions. strengthen us: come near and aid us in the fight. Indra. like falcons. our foemen. satisfies him. held in by reins in both the driver's hands. Etc. Indra the Helper. 1. 13 When. to happiness. the foremost follow. Indra. Indra protects the men who are his people. Sakra I call. drops. 4 This. High. Thou gatherest. water. Indra invoked of many. in war for treasures. 2 This sweet juice here had mightiest power to gladden: it boldened Indra when he siaughtered Vrtra. Indra. 5 He found the wavy sea of brilliant colours in forefront of the Dawns who dwell in brightness. O Indra Maghavan who lovest song. Lord of all treasures. 11 And now. 12 May helpful Indra as our good Protector. 8 Lead us to ample room. No one may conquer Indra in the battle when he hath drunken of the draught we offer. Rejecting those who disregard his worship. kine. 3 This stirreth up my voice when I have drunk it: this hath aroused from sleep my yearning spirit. O thou who knowest. O Indra. 12 Give us. and give us wealth. May Indra Maghavan prosper and bless us. verily it is strong and rich in flavour. 18 In every figure he hath been the mode: this is his only form for us to look on. With power. May helpful Indra as our good Preserver drive from us. may we dwell in his auspicious favour. 10 Be gracious. and guide us on to gain yet goodlier treasure. Soma supports the wide mid-air above us. 9 Set us on widest chariot-seat. Hero. pays him worship? E'en the rich noble still hath found him mighty. Excellent Guardian. he makes the last precede. What time the feathered shafts are flying in the air. bear us well through peril. This Mighty One. hath propped the heavens up with a mighty pillar.From these. Hero who listens at each invocation. with two steeds best to draw. eager for renown. O Lord of Hundreds! Bring us the best among all sorts of viands: let not the foe's wealth. yoking to the car the Bay Steeds. even when our princes sit at ease? <240> . 14 Speeding like rivers rushing down a steep descent. are the arms of thee the Mighty: may we betake. is he who hath created the breadth of earth.

bearing us. be the saviour of our lives. and win it for thyself. accordant with the Gods and Indra. 31 Drive hither those. come together. Varcin and Sambara. 28 Thou Bolt of Indra. He who when rubbed with force is brought to life by men upon the lofty height of earth. very far. 10 With guards unfailing never negligent speed thou our children and our progeny. we have reached a country void of pasture the land. and trees support. at every sacrifice. for strength. Indra. 8 Thou art the Lord of house and home of all the tribes. yea. recipients of all noble gifts and bounty. Drive hence. O War-drum. Most Youthful One! by Bharadvaja's hand. the Red Bull in the darksome nights.As such. with thy favouring help. He made himself apparent through the gloom by night. O Godlike Chariot. O God. stones. Kindled. Indra. Come. make them turn hither to succour us. for the Atharvans hundred cows. alike. of all tribes of men. beam with thy fair beams brilliantly. SING to your Agni with each song. 5 He whom floods. of earthly wealth: find rest and safety for our seed. be triumphant. gracious Lord. our foemen. from place to place. winged with horses. pure Agni! with a light that never fades. the Car bound round with straps. accepting gifts which here we offer. compact with straps of leather. for this faithful singer. never changed by time. with thy pure brilliancy. Youngest God! and those who make thy singers rich. even as a well-beloved Friend. great Hero. for is he not our gracious Lord? Let us serve him who bears our gifts. Hath Asvatha to Payu given. O Agni. these oblations. Our heroes. who hastens with his smoke to heaven. the Red Bull in the darksome nights. 23 Ten horses and ten treasure-chests. We have received in turn from Divodasa Sambara's wealth. and let thy rider win all spoils of battle. [06-048] HYMN XLVIII. through hundred winters. O Drum. shine on us. Vanguard of the Maruts. drive away misfortune: thou art the Fist of Indra: show thy firmness. These and ten lumps of gold have I received from Divodasa's hand. be firm and strong in body: be. close knit to Varuna and Child of Mitra. 26 Lord of the wood. 4 Thou worshippest great Gods: bring them without delay by wisdom and thy wondrous power. and these again bring hither: the War-drum speaks aloud as battle's signal. Thou art the Charioteer. Brhaspati. thou beamest forth with light. <241> . The Hero slew the meanly-huckstering Dasas. where the waters gather. thunder forth and drive away all dangers. send us thy bounties. provide in war for cattle. 2 The Son of Strength. the vigour of the floods. those darksome creatures. drive thou afar. Let our car-warriors. 7 O Agni. 3 Agni. receive. the gift of Atithigva. ten garments as an added gift. hath Prastoka bestowed ten coffers and ten mettled horses. Indra. 29 Send forth thy voice aloud through earth and heaven. 21 Day after day far from their seat he drove them. 9 Wonderful. find a path. Guard with a hundred forts thy kindler from distress. 25 Thus Srnjaya's son honoured the Bharadvajas. 30 Thunder out strength and fill us full of vigour: yea. Honour with holy gifts the Car like Indra's bolt. Purifier! splendidly. was too small to hold us. Agni and Others.20 Gods. 1. Shining. O Agni. though spacious. In battle may he be our help and strengthener. with wealth. O pure God. and let the world in all its breadth regard thee. with thy lofty beams. the offspring of eternal Law. 22 Out of thy bounty. shine. 6 He who hath filled both worlds fult with his brilliant shine. yea. a brave victorious hero Show forth thy strength. let us praise the Wise and Everlasting God. 27 Its mighty strength was borrowed from the heaven and earth: its conquering force was brought from sovrans of the wood. Give strength. Agni. 24 Ten cars with extra steed to each.

Therefore. most wealthy. May they bring Pusan free from foes.Keep far from us. 22 Once. Varuna. Apart. goes round the space of heaven. all-bounteous. World-Supporters. Wherewith. Glorious. fair-handed. 11 Ye who are youthful. Let them not snare by day the neck of that Celestial Bird the Sun. to give new strength to us and to our children. in succession. and food that gives all nourishment. 19 For thou art high above mankind. O Vata and Parjanya. I praise. is born. and stars bedeck the other. 5 That chariot of the Asvins. all celestial wrath and wickedness of godless men. stir up for us the regions of the water. and meet for worship. praised in holy verses. bright Deity: I fain would speak: Most sinful is our foeman's hate. fair to look on. containing curds. to the longing of the singer. the life-bestower. 1. Thou. strength Vrtra-destroying excellent. with magic power like Varuna. increase his living wealth whose songs delight you. 9 May Herald Agni. strength that destroys the Vrtras. with bright path. Like Aryaman joy-giving. impetuous. brisk with rare life. refulgent. promptly honourest the prudent. look upon us in the fight: now help us as in days of old. 8 I praise with eloquence him who guards all pathways. red Agni will I worship. went to Arka. 15 Bright as the host of Maruts mighty in their roar. O Maruts. the heaven was made. Martits. 12 Who. the lightning's Child. once only once. or a mortal man's who worships. 16 Haste to me. only Prsni's milk was shed: no second. Lords of fair dominion. the Child of Heaven. to be praised at each tribe's sacrifices.Agni. the ever active God. Pusan. 14 Your friend like Indra passing wise. when his love impelled him. 10 Rudra by day. inspire us. for the host of Maruts bright with native sheen. Mitra and Varuna who make us happy. 20 May the kind excellence of him the Kind. come to the famed hymn. bringing plenteous food like ViSnxu for my wish. like the smooth surface of a skin. the earth was formedOnce. Mitra. ye seek our dwelling. after this. Nasatyas. give the singer a refuge unassailable and flawless. with the Dames accordant. first to share. Visvedevas. May he vouchsafe us gear with gold to grace it: may Pusan make each prayer of ours efective. Let them approach. the signal of sacrifice. ye impetuous Ones! 21 They whose high glory in a moment like the God. yoked with a thought. Sage. Sages. 7 So may Sarasvati. containing curds. He. The Maruts have obtained bright strength. Him great and lofty. [06-049] HYMN XLIX. Hearers of truth. 18 Uninjured let thy friendship be. wise. O friends. A flawless skin. undecaying let us call specially as the Sage impels us. Chiefs. May they bring hither hundreds. Be it the God's. 11 Hither. and make wealth easy to be found. The Son of Strength. in homes and swift to listen. bring for worship Tvastar adored. the Two young Matrons' sober-minded Herald. the Universe's Father. ye. the Sun. And. fulgent. filler of his car. in thine car. only once. thousands for our men: may they bring hidden stores to light. come. <242> . 17 Tear not up by the roots the Kakambira tree: destroy thou all malignity. the Hero's Consort. the Sanctifiers. fair-armed. 4 I with a lofty song call hither Vayu. with newest song drive her who freely pours her milk. blissful. who moves in splendour on their ways. Loose her who never turns away. 13 For Bharadvaja she poured down in days of old The milch-cow yielding milk for all. I LAUD with newest songs the Righteous People. Whom the impetuous Maruts look upon with love. hath shed immortal fame like milk. full to the mouth. a sacred name. 2 Him. loud Roarers! be our guide. 6 Bulls of the Earth. Rudra at night we honour with these our songs. Lord of harnessed horses. O Pusan. here let them listen. in glory equal to the Gods. 3 Unlike in form are the Red God's two Daughters: one is the Sun's. O Agni. pleaseth me well.

we ever call upon the Gods. Dyaus with the Gods and Prthivi with oceans. goldenhanded. of heaven. Be gracious. VisnuWhen one so great as thou affordeth shelter. protect us. 10 Come also to my call. the God who rescues. to Gods who seek oblations. Beholding good and evil acts of mortals. ye animate and quicken e'en the desert. whom Pusan follows bringing ample bounty. resistless. 13 He who for man's behoof in his afiliction thrice measured out the earthly regions. As from great darkness ye delivered Atri. all that moveth. Holy. 14 May Aja-Ekapad and Ahibudhnya. 12 Even as the herdsman driveth home his cattle. verily. parents of all that standeth.Coming. on Savitar and Bhaga. Aryaman. Visvedevas. bestow upon us riches. Parvata. Friends of man. the Hero Indra. from danger in the conflict. 3 And. bounteous as the face of Morning. 1. 7 Give full protection. Visnu and Vayu. a home. discloses precious gifts for him who worships. Mitra. O ye most blissful Worlds. in peace and trouble. as erst to Angiras. exalted. [06-051] HYMN LI. Give ample room and freedom for our dwelling. [06-050] HYMN L. all whose thoughts are faithful: hither I call the Bright who share in common. O thou who singest. 6 With a new hymn extol. 13 May this God Savitar. Rbhuksan. O ye Nasatyas. our lofty shelter. Holy and full of light. on Agni. O Surya Lord of great might. Varuna. hear our invocation. lay upon his body the singer's hymns. and meet with tribes to whom the Gods are gracious. and all ye Holy Ones have been exalted. For. 2 Visit. a wide dominion. do thou turn hither the Gods to-day to this our holy service. the Offspring of Waters. 9 And thou. Aditi. May I for evermore enjoy thy bounty and. ye Waters. to prove us free from sin. by thy grace be rich in heroes. stoop down to meet us. Bhaga. O Heroes. the guard of mighty Order. the glorious. help us. is moving upward. ye Hemispheres. May he. Vata make our food abundant. Chiefs. pour down gifts and bless us. May liberal Bhaga speed us on to riches. with the Plants. Sura marks well the doing of the pious. may we with wealth and with ourselves be happy. ye Holy Sages. infallible and dear. 5 To whom the Goddess Rodasi clings closely. Twice-born and true. and Earth and Ocean hear our invocation. What time ye hear our call and come. with Floods and Lightnings. O Maruts. 2 The Sage who knows these Gods' three ranks and orders. upon your separate path all creatures tremble. The Dames invoked. excellent. <243> . bringing food in plenty. contenting men. invoked and lauded. Savitar. born of the Cow. Varuna for favour. The pure and lovely face of holy Order hath shone like gold of heaven in its arising. Give us a lasting home that we may battle with godless bands of men who fight against us. yea. the gracious. Mitra. and all their generations near and distant. 8 May Savitar come hither and approach us. 3 I praise you Guards of mighty Law eternal. 15 Give riches borne on cars. through my prayers. as stars bedeck the heaven. and divine Vidhatar. pouring down his dew be gracious. 12 May Rudra and Sarasvati. 4 This day invited may the Sons of Rudra. O Son of Strength. The God who. when beset with slight or sore affliction. with the Gods and Dames accordant. I CALL with prayers on Aditi your Goddess. helpful Gods of earth. All Gods who strengthen Law. the bright Gods sprung from Daksa. 1. accordant. whose tongue is Agni. and holy texts uttered by sages. and the resistless Vasus. I urge my songs to him the strong swift Hero May he. On Aryaman who gives unasked. which none may rival. the Maruts. to our sons and grandsons. the noble. And. with many heroes. 11 O Gods. THAT mighty eye of Varuna and Mitra. Visvedevas. the Lover of the Song. the Lord. Vaja. and dwellers in the waters. observing sacred duties. 14 Sweet be this song of mine to Ahibudhnya. Sweet. Agni. splendid with strength and heroes. Tvastar. 15 So with my thoughts and hymns of praise the children of Bharadvaja sing aloud to please you. For ye are our most motherly physicians. Parjanya. O ye Heaven and Earth. on Gods who save. and grant us mighty wealth and strength when lauded.

Be pleased with theit appropriate draught. Grant us. I banish even committed sin by homage 9 You Furtherers of Law. your manifold protection. Universal Gods! are all-controllers: may he do harm unto himself who hates Me. when I call on Gods. 11 May 1ndra. O Soma. O ye Holy. 3 Why then. good refuge. with offerings bathed in holy oilApproach ye. foe-destroyers. the evil-hearted thief away. 13 Agni. pure in your spirit. well lauded swift to listen. ruling heaven with strong dominion. nor do the deed which ye. And be exceeding good to us. 11 May they. mighty Rulers. Aryaman. with Rtus. through all our troubles these conduct us safelyVaruna. minded. dwellers in the home of Order. are they who. most oft comes Indra with protection. seek the sky. Destroy the greedy Pani. <244> . to your celestial station: the Bharadvajas' priest entreats your favour. 10 For these are they who shine with noblest splendour. who swells with rivers Parjanya. and Agni. 9 All Sons of Immortality shall listen to the songs we sing. Adityas. all of one mind. [06-052] HYMN LIL Visvedevas. bestowers of fair homes to dwell in. punish. Giving good help. Heroes. infallible. bless us.4 Lords of the brave. Bhaga. with succour! 6 Most near. observant. come hither. He. O Universal Gods. fain for wealth. Be seated on this holy grass. Far. infallible. 7 Hear this mine invocation. 6 Give us not up to any evil creature. Homage to Gods! Homage commands and rules them. O Aditi and ye Adityas. 16 Now have we entered on the road that leads to bliss. these pressing-stones have called aloud to win thee for our Friend. like a father. and ye Vasus. 2 Or he who holds us in contempt. one and all. far. oftenest of Gods. Pusan increase our laud. sacrificing. faithful to the hymn's controllers. Lord of the brave I and give us easy paths. Homage hath held in place the earth and heaven. to him. Aditi. without a foe. May the huge mountains crush him down: degraded be Atiyaja's sacrificing patron. Mitra. led by Indra. for a wolf is he. at sacrifice or in these holy duties. hath honoured the Gods vath those who sit and share oblations. O Maruts. bringing health with herbs. be they our good deliverers. O Holy Ones. 10 May all the Gods who strengthen Law. 4 May Mornings as they spring to life. 8 Mighty is homage: I adopt and use it. 14 Soma. O Brother Agni. defend me! 5 Through all our days may we be healthy. To you all Heroes mighty and far-seeing I bow me down. or seeks to blame the prayer that we are making. do they call thee keeper of prayer? Why then our guardian from reproaches? Why then beholdest thou how men revile us? Cast thy hot dart at him who hates devotion. Indra. goodly guidance. 15 Ye. great Kings. Grant this the Treasure-Lord of treasures. 7 Let us not suffer for the sin of others. and look upon the Sun when he arises. and she Sarasvati. For ye are they who guide aright our bodies. good protectors. O Gods. THIS I allow not in the earth or heaven. ye are the rulers of our speech and vigour. Mitra. listening to our call. O Vasus. trueminded. as spoil to wolf or she-wolf. The road whereon a man escapes all enemies and gathers wealth. 1. Give us good paths for travel: guard us ivell at home. 12 Come now. with the Marut host. My guardians be the firmly-seated mountains: the Fathers. increase the Fivefold people. with homage. Ye. May agonies of burning be his portion. protect me. 5 O Heaven our Father. O most bountiful. with Tvastar. and may the Rivers as they swell preserve me. May the sky scorch the man who hates devotion. Gods. drive thou the wicked foe. Agni. 8 To him who comes to meet you. Aditi I seek with worship. coming. Young. Earth. Earth our guileless Mother.

It is here. Remembering the Heavenly Folk. O PUSAN. 13 Listen. may the two World-halves hear it. 4 Clear paths that we may win the prize. [06-053] HYMN LIII. All-Gods. One generates holy food. carriest an awl that urges men to prayer. may Pusan keep our horses safe: May Pusan gather gear for us. so grant us food enough with store of children. May the Gods kindly give us nights and mornings. And make the niggard's soul grow soft. 17 When holy grass is strewn and fire enkindled. whose tongue is Agni. O Holy Ones. And say to us.Accept the laud and these our gifts. 6 Follow the kine of him who pours libations out and worships thee. These same are they. O glowing Pusan. to win the prize. swift to hear. 2 May we go forth with Pusan who shall point the houses out to us. the other offspring. Sage. 5 May Pusan follow near our kine. horses. the hearts of avaricious churls. 8 Thou. and air's midregions. Strong God. help. to this mine invocation. who shall direct us straight. urge to give. Pusan. offer this sacrifice of ours. LORD of the path. a manly master of a house. 10 And make this hymn of ours produce kine. ye Holy. Let me not utter words that ye may disregard. 9 Thou bearest. Therewith do thou tear up and rend to shreds the heart of every one. [06-054] HYMN LIV. be joyful. And say unto us. glowing Lord! a goad with horny point that guides the cows Thence do we seek thy gift of bliss. 3 Unharmed is Pusan's chariot wheel. 7 Tear up and read in pieces. Nor doth the loosened felIy shake. 1. and a store of wealth For our delight and use as men. 4 Pusan forgetteth not the man who serveth him with offered gift: That man is first to gather wealth. scatter our enemies afar. do thou. Mighty. as rules ordain. bring us to the man who knows. 16 At this my call. 1. And make him subject to our will. glowing Pusan. O Pusan: seek that which the niggard's heart holds dear. with hymn and lowly homage I invite you. where waters gatherMay they vouchsafe us life of full duration. 3 Even him who would not give. Even as a car. 2 Bring us the wealth that men require. my thought and our laudation. O Pusan. 14 May the All-Gods who claim our worship hear my thought. to day in this our great assembly rejoice. All-Gods. Pusan. be all our thoughts fulfilled. 12 O Agni. Ye who inhabit heaven. seated upon this sacred grass. the box ne'er falleth to the ground. and the Waters' Child. 15 And those who. were born on earth. 6 Thrust with thine awl. Closely allied with you may we rejoice in bliss. with the wiles of serpents. O Agni and Parjanya. And make them subject to our will. 5 Penetrate with an awl. in heaven. O Sage. we have yoked and bound thee to our hymn. <245> . Priest. All ye. And make them subject to our will. in the gifts we offer. Free-handed with the liberal meed. the hearts of avaricious churls.

we implore. 2 And he is best of charioteers. will we laud. As to a tree's extended bough. O Pusan. 8 Pusan who listens to our prayers. INDRA and Pusan will we call for friend ship and prosperity And for the winning of the spoil. The Lord of riches. come. the strong and Mighty. none injured. 3 And there the best of charioteers hath guided through the speckled cloud The golden wheel of Sura's car. a treasure-heap. [06-055] HYMN LV. Brother of Indra. and Indra's. We here are they who sing thy praise. Indra. may we closely cling. art renowned afar. never may we fail. with braided hair. who driveth goats for steeds. 10 From out the distance. thou art a stream of wealth. conveying Pusan on his car. and our Friend. the hero's Lord. 4 Whate'er we speak this day to thee. WHOSO remembers Pusan as cater of mingled curd and meal Need think no more upon the God. [06-056] HYMN LVI. morrow and to-day. 1. none sink in a pit and break a limb. Pusan. SON of Deliverance. 3 Goats are the team that draws the one: the other hath Bay Steeds at hand. 9 Secure in thy protecting care. The Friend of every pious man. may Pusan stretch his right hand forth. far and wide. 1. And drive our lost again to us.And ours who sing thee songs of praise. Wondrous God whom many praise. Lord of great riches. to Pusan's favouring love. Return with these all safe and sound. allied With him as Friend. 7 Let none be lost. 2 One by the Soma sits to drink juice which the mortar hath expressed: The other longs for curd and meal. May he who loves his Sister hear. 4 When Indra. 5 Lead on this company of ours. afar from sin and near to wealth. Indra and Pusan. may we draw Pusan near. Pusan. 4 Pusan. <246> . Tending to perfect happiness both for to. bright God! Let us twain go together: be our charioteer of sacrifice. and my Friend. 2 We pray for wealth to thee most skilled of charioteers. Pusan was standing by his side. Wise. to win the spoil: Thou. 6 As one who drives a car draws in his reins. the Strong whose wealth is never lost. 1. that longs for kine. The God who visiteth mankind. 5 His Mother's suitor I address. who is called His Sister's lover. 6 Prosperity we crave from thee. Give thou fulfilment of our thought. destroys the foes. 6 May the sure-footed goats come nigh. [06-057] HYMN LVII. 5 To this. wondrous strong. 3 Bright God whose steeds are goats. brought down the streams. Pusan. With both of these he slays the fiends. the mighty waterfloods.

Indra and Agni. 2 Thus. beholding every creature. ye survive. Indra and Agni. Pusan. while juices flow. Desert us not in this great fray. like Day and Night dissimilar in colour. O Indra and thou. Team-borne. hath this Maid come footless unto those with feet. subdued by love. [06-058] HYMN LVIII. the manly deeds that ye have done: Your Fathers. 1. Friends of Law. in battles for the sake of kine. drawn by homage. O ye Vrtra-slayers. moving goad. these our songs of praise have sounded forth to you: <247> . [06-060] HYMN LX. 10 O Indra-Agni. one holy. 7 E'en now. wondrous waters. he whose home is strength. your speech is kind To him who praises you while these libations flow: that man. your Mother is in every place. Lord of food. for cows and waters. regions. yours are all the treasures of the heavens and earth. dent! Auspicious be thy bounty here. Indra-Agni. 9 Indra and Agni. Indra-Agni. slay our Dasyu foes And drive our enemies away. inspirer of the hymn. Whom strong and vigorous and swiftlymoving. Dawns. in the air's mid-region. self-depen. goes forth. Indra and Agni. Indra-Agni. were smitten down. O Pusan. 5 What mortal understands. desirous of the glory. harm us not. of wondrous iustre. and hear us for our praise. these Lords of heroes. show yourselves among us with your supreme and unrestricted bounties. and. Come near us. to drink of this our Soma juice. men hold in their arms and stretch their bows. sunlight. with thy golden ships that travel across the ocean. the guard of cattle. who accept the laud. O Agni: thou. 5 The Strong. O Gods. and keep them distant from the Sun. 3 O Pusan. victorious. brothers. 4 Indra and Agni. LIKE heaven art thou: one form is bright. Sprung from one common Father. we call this day to come with help. Thou goest on an embassy to Surya. stolen Mornings. Indra. ye ne'er consume. 2 Goat-borne. 2 So battle now. 6 First. drawn by all our songs. showing forth their power in conquest. 1. Pusan. All magic powers thou aidest. for our great success. HE slays the foe and wins the spoil who worships Indra and Agni. Here give ye us the opulence that prospers every living man. 3 These who delight in flowing juice. Agni. strong and mighty Heroes. Indra and Agni. [06-059] HYMN LIX. liberal. 6 They slay our Arya foes. 8 The foeman's sinful enmities. served with rich gifts. Who rule as Sovrans over ample riches. vex me sore. this your way? One of you. like fellow horses at their food. Drive those who hate me far away. the Deities gave to Surya. Stretching her head and speaking loudly with her tongue. she hath gone downward thirty steps. twins are ye. thou makest kine thine own. the scatterers of the foe. subdued by love. God. 7 Indra and Agni. May they be kind to one like me. Indra and Agni. O Indra-Agni. Indra-Agni. enemies of Gods. light. we invoke. 4 I call the Twain whose deeds of old have all been famed in ancient days O Indra-Agni. Brandishing here and there his lightly. 3 With Vrtra-slaying might. 4 Near kinsman of the heaven and earth is Pusan. O Gods. come. Indra-Agnip verily your greatness merits loftiest praise.And Indra. yoking Steeds that move to every side. advances in your common car. Indra and Agni. set over all the world. I WILL declare. Gods armed with the thunderbolt. 1.

Gladly accept our friendship and obedience: let us not go from thee to distant countries. Like Indra when he smites the foe. Sarasvati hath earned our praise. 13 Marked out by majesty among the Mighty Ones. As Surya spreadeth out the days. 10 Yea. Comes onward with tempestuous roar. Indra-Agni. 1. 11 Guard us from hate Sarasvati. the Five Tribes' prosperer. 3 Thou castest down. 4 May the divine Sarasvati. Let us invite with songs and holy hymns for help Sarasvati who slayeth the Paravatas. 2 She with her might. Come and enjoy the offerings. to glorious treasure: refuse us not thy milk. Created vast for victory like a chariot. 9 With those to this libation poured. desired of many. 14 Guide us. thine. swift-moving with a rapid rush. Thou hast discovered rivers for the tribes of men. be worshipped her with gifts she gave fierce Divodasa. 8 Come. 6 Aid us. rich in wealth! made poison flow away from them. thou who art strong in wealth and power Like Pusan. I will call you hither and make you joyful with the gifts I offer. 15 Indra and Agni. Consumer of the churlish niggard. ye Heroes. And that wide tract. beyond her Sisters. are these effectual boons. divine Sarasvati. Furthering all our thoughts with might 5 Whoso. hear his call who worships. 9 She hath spread us beyond all foes. come with wealth in horses and in kine. she who hath filled the realms of earth. bringing bliss. one and all. Sarasvati. 10 Glorify him who compasses all forests with his glowing flame. in glory swifter than the other rapid Streams. drink the sweetly-flavoured Soma juice. claims our eulogy. hath burst with her strong waves the ridges of the hills. she most dear amid dear stream. the brood of every Brsaya skilled in magic arts. give us opulence. Sarasvati. O Sarasvati. with libations poured. nor spurn us from thee. and bestow Abundant strengthening food on us. 14 Come unto us with riches. To Vadhryasva when. O Heroes. 12 Give us fleet coursers to convey Indra and Agni. like one who digs for lotus-stems. rich in her wealth. for the worshipper. [06-061] HYMN LXI. Sarasvati. 11 He who gains Indra's bliss with fire enkindled finds an easy way Over the floods to happiness. invokes thee where the prize is set. divine Sarasvad. canceller of debts. with those teams. this divine Sarasvati. terrible with her golden path. the Gods. we invoke you both. those who scorned the Gods. 8 Whose limitless unbroken flood. sprung from threefold source. Sarasvati must be extolled by every sage. graciously inclined. the firmament! 12 Seven-sistered. Seven-sistered. and. Foe-slayer. 7 Yea. Indra and Agni. Ye Twain are givers both of food and riches: to win me strength and vigour I invoke you. <248> . protect us well. 13 Indra and Agni. as Friends for friendship. which ye have.Ye who bring blessings! drink the juice. Holy One. she must be Invoked in every deed of might. Indra-Agni. come: Come ye to drink the Soma juice. And leaves them blackened with his tongue.

food. Strike off. ye Twain. the Youthful. Heaven. Adityas. appointing both the Kings in season. 7 Victors. Against the secret fiend cast forth his weapon. [06-063] HYMN LXIII. well lauded. thousands of steeds to him who sang your praises. this heaven's Controllers: singing with songs of praise I call the Asvins. Vasus. 2 Come readily to this mine invocation. 10 Nasatyas! Purupanthas offered hundreds. After you flew your birds. Make that. Traversing many wide unmeasured spaces. best to draw. 1. elected. to part the earth's ends and the spacious regions. car-borne. 8 Whate'er from olden time. bestowing varied bounties on the singer. and exceeding mighty. Asvins. ye mighty. and poured libations which have sought your favour. most friendly. against the lying words that strangers utter. 7 May your winged coursers. to win victory. magicians! amid the race of Gods. come to the hymn of the most recent singer. Speeding with winged steeds through dustless spaces. as Varuna and Mitra. swift-footed. Asvins. Yearningfor you the press-stones shed the liquid. that ye may drink the juices. tame and obedient and of lofty stature. out of the sea and waters bore Bhujyu. Ye-Wonder-Workers. ye rent the rock asunder: Bulls. over the wastes ye pass. through the regions. for offipring. ye filled the cow with milk for Sayu: thus. Bounteous. Heroes! to the singer Bharadvaja. sons of Rudra. an evil brand to one allied with demons. the highest and the midmost and the lowest. have ever borne away our thoughts with horses. Gave. brown. heard the calling of the eunuch's consort. Famed for your magic arts were ye. most soft to tread on. 5 With newest hymn I call those Wonder-Workers. 8 Lords of great wealth. Up stands the grateful-minded priest. ye showed your favour. with these your glories fair to look on. Compass this house to keep it from the foeman. the heads of our assailants who with man's treacherous attack approach us. found both fair Gods to-day. air's realm.[06-062] HYMN LXII. your car hath been sent onward to food of many a sort and dainty viands. 2 Moving to sacrifice through realms of lustre they light the radiance of the car that bears them. 11 Come hitherward to us with teams of horses. WHERE hath the hymn with reverence. marvels of beauty: dear to our hearts! the song. reached you. that the trouble of man who offers gifts might cease and slumber. out of the bosom of the flood they bore him. 4 Agni uplifts him at your sacrifices: forth goes the oblation dropping oil and glowing. 9 May he who knows. let the fiends be slaughtered. Earth! existeth great object of the wrath of Gods and mortals. when the morns are breaking. Bringers of bliss to him who lauds and praises. with birds. 6 So ye. brought. and vigour. throw open to the singer doors e'en of the firm-closed stall of cattle. son of Tugra. rich gifts for Surya. Nasatyas! convey you to the object of your wishes. invoked of manyHymn that hath brought the two Nasatyas hither? To this man's thought be ye. Mind-swift and full of vigour. a hundred with Sumidha. 1. ye dancing Heroes! 6 Ye Twain. bearing splendour. Lovers of sweetness! yours are praise and singers. 5 Lords of great wealth! for glory. 9 Mine were two mares of Puraya. food with Peruk Sanda gave ten gold-decked and well-trained horses. and waters. Swift as the thought. 11 May I with princes share your bliss in freedom. I LAUD the Heroes Twain. and fields. <249> . like an envoy. both Gods. either near or distant. 4 So ye. manifold is your bounty: ye filled our cow with food that never faileth. that none may force it. come on your radiant chariot rich in heroes. ancient and brilliant. 3 Ye to that bounteous path of yours. Bountiful Lords. Surya's Daughter mounted your car that brings a hundred succours. Our true and ancient Herald Priest shall bring you. 3 Juice in wide room hath been prepared to feast you: for you the grass is strewn. With lifted hands your servant hath adored you. Fain in a moment. lauded with songs. appointed to invoke the two Nasatyas. when ye have yoked your chariothorses. swift and zealous Ones. 10 Come to our home with friendly wheels.

much good thou bringest. glory and power and might and food and vigour. favour your servant and this day enrich him. invested with their great strength and their heroic vigour. thou Child of Heaven. bringing hither. in this same manner still resting there they purge away reproaches. E'EN to the wise let that be still a wonder to which the general name of Cow is given. and. thy splendours have flown up to heaven. through the air it travels. She maketh paths all easy. 1. 8 None may obstruct. Maruts. [06-065] HYMN LXV. Decking thyself. Even the liberal wards not off those fierce ones. 3 They who are Sons of the rain-pouring Rudra. Dawns! who brings oblation. like a swift warrior she repelleth darkness. shining in majesty. twice and thrice have waxen mighty. brilliant. Give to the singer wealth with noble heroes. 6 Shine on us as of old. 2 We see that thou art good: far shines thy lustre. Opulent. They. Dawn. none overtake. 6 When. with imperial sway like heroes. thy beams. 3 Red are the kine and luminous that bear her the Blessed One who spreadeth through the distance. now for the hero. 5 Even those who bear the brave bold name of Maruts. Child of Heaven. bringing near the stately rite's commencement. hath shown herself benign and friendly. with thine oxen thou bearest riches at thy will and pleasure. O Maruts. in their white splendour like the waves of waters. thou Goddess Morning. When they have streamed forth.[06-064] HYMN LXIV. Golden and dustless were their cars. SHEDDING her light on human habitations this Child of Heaven hath called us from our slumber.. rich Maid! who serves like Bharadvaja. him whom ye succour in the strife of battle <250> . drive far away the night's surrounding shadows. bring me wealth: untroubled. and upon us bestow wide-spreading glory. 4 Thy ways are easy on the hills: thou passest Invincible! Se1f-luminous! through waters. hast shown thee lovely through bounty when we called thee early. [06-066] HYMN LXVI. Angirases now praise thy stalls of cattle. bring wealth to give us comfort. to the man who worships. Thou who. She who at night-time with her argent lustre hath shown herself e'en through the shades of darkness. Dawn. Rodasl stood among these furious Heroes like splendour shining with her native brightness. 2 They who like kindled flames of fire are glowing. 1. no horse no charioteer be he who drives it. a Goddess. speeding alone its paths through earth and heaven. whom not the active quickly wins for milking. at their pleasure. 2 All this with red-rayed steeds have they divided: the Dawns on bright cars shine in wondrous fashion. those who are light and agile in their greatness. 3 Dawns. so men with store of food rise at thy dawning. Halting not. 5 Dawn. Now for the singer when he sings the praise-song. 6 As the birds fly forth from their restingplaces. the Maruts. reinless. 4 They shrink not from the birth. Yea. they had united wellformed earth and heaven. to the liberal mortal who rernaineth at home. fair to travel. 4 Now is there treasure for the man who serves you. O Maruts. 5 O Dawn who standest on the mountain ridges. whom the long-lasting One had power to foster: The Mighty Ones whose germ great Mother Prsni is known to have received for man's advantage. Even to one like me ye brought aforetime. O Goddess Dawn. thou makest bare thy bosom. So lofty Goddess with thine ample pathway. 1. The one hath swelled among mankind for milking: Prsni hath drained but once her fair bright udder. With prayer and holy hymn they burst them open: the heroes' calling on the Gods was fruitful. The foes she chaseth like a valiant archer.on him. Daughter of Heaven. rich. THE radiant Dawns have risen up for glory. 7 No team of goats shall draw your car. strong in strength and armed with potent weapons. with their own splendour they bedew their bodies.

Indra-Varuna. singing aloud. faithful and very wise. like two strong horses. the brood of Rudra. and win him opulence and wealthy people. 4 Whom. for kine and waters: he bursts the cow-stall on the day of trial. O Mitra-Varuna. attends our worship. some chant the Nivid texts with steady purpose. With mighty strength. As ye surround both worlds. and when they harness the fleet-foot mettled stallion for the battle. the Maruts. turned to the sacred grass with loving homage. 5 As all the Gods in their great joy and gladness gave you with one accord your high dominion. The Star of all the Gods. Then may we sing you lauds that shall be fruitful: dp ye not rival all the Gods in greatness? 11 O Mitra-Varuna. which ye shall guard. The rite which Indra-Varuna shall carry this day to high success and glorious issue. when he and his attendants fill the chamber. Mitra-Varuna. ye prop the height as 'twere from loftiest heaven. have in might surpassed them. armed with glittering lances. Indra-Varuna. by Law made Vrtra's slayers. and thus were ye spread wide. The young Maids brook not that none seeks to win them. the joyous. Chanting their psalm. 6 May wealth which ye bestow in food and treasure on him who brings you gifts and sacrifices. Give us. invited with eulogies and loving adoration. they have become the strongest of the Heroes. They who. 8 So with your tongue come ever. Chiefs of the host. 11 That swelling band I call with invocation. Ye who with your might. Ye. may your large bounty come to us hither. Quickeners of all! they scatter moisture. invincible. 2 To you Two Gods is this my thought extended. like tongues of fire impetuous in their onset. [06-068] HYMN LXVIII. Mighty at your birth. to quaff till ye are sated. most liberal of the Princes. urge even men who quickly hear to labour. the Singers. noblest of all existing. unequalled with their arms to check the people. the other as a Sage stands near in troubles. 10 When singers in their song uplift their voices. 2 For at Gods' worship they are best through vigour. Who conquer mighty strength with strength more mighty: earth shakes in terror at their wars. of pure origin. 9 Bring a bright hymn to praise the band of Maruts. Wealth. they strive against you and break tlie friendly laws ye have established. 5 Righteous is he. splendid from birth. Indra and Varuna. Indra-Varuna. though wide and spacious your spies are ever true and never bewildered. as Work-Controllers. in Manu's wise. O Agni. 7 Take the strong drink. through the days maintaining princely power. HIS honouring rite whose grass is trimmed is offered swiftly to you. as 'twere with reins are best Controllers. rapid. When the kine haste to us. That bounteous man through food shall conquer faemen. [06-067] HYMN LXVIL Mitra-Varuna. brings you gifts with gladness.For sons and progeny. NOW Mitra-Varuna shall be exalted high by your songs. Pure hymns are meet for that celestial army: like floods and mountains have the Strong Ones battled. O Earth and Heaven. 10 Bright like the flashing flames of sacrifices. accordant. near to this our dwelling. 3 Praise those Twain Gods for powers that merit worship. be. 9 When. Boon-Givers! 3 Come hither. 1. established. neither Gods nor men in estimation. like heroes. like Api's sons have godless sacrifices. <251> . 1. strong in native vigour. Aditi bore as babes in proper season. Whom. when. They. filleth the heaven and earth with food of man who liveth. Nourished by holy oil! he this yGur glory: annihilate the sacrificer's trouble. and liberal and helpful who. and all the Gods selfpraised among the Heroes. for bliss. Gods! which breaks the curse of those who vex us. when your envoy. 4 Though dames and men have waxen strong and mighty. e'en our own possession. the Mighty Goddess brought forth as terrors to the mortal foeman. One with his might and thunderbolt slays Vrtra. Mitra-Varuna. 6 So. a dwelling safe from attack. Indra-Varuna.

3 Whoso. and Varuna. The sweet exhilarating juice hath reached you. 2 Ye who inspire all hymns. Indra and Visnu. Indra-Varuna. set foremost at election of the priest. compassing all things that be. Ye who are Regents of this world. vouchsafe us riches ye are the lake. pour into us the genial flow that prospers meit. must be lauded: widely ye strode in the wild joy of Soma. but ruled alike. 8 Ye Twain have conquered. mingle ye wealth with our heroic glory. 5 This your deed. This juice is shed by us that ye may quaff it: on this trimmed grass be seated. The Heaven and the Earth by Varuna's decree. to them the singers pray for bliss to further them. Indra-Visnu 1. Ye. Your chariot cometh to the banquet of the Gods. to sacrifice. the vat that holds the Soma. mighty Governor. at my task's completion I urge you on with food and sacred service. Wide. Indra-Varuna. 6 Strengthened with sacred offerings. Accept the sacrifice and grant us riches. O Heaven and Earth. and their triumphant glory spreads with swiftness. Fed with the holy oil. drink ye your fill of Soma. Wonder-Workers. and made the regions broad for our existence. pours offerings to you. Gods whom we are lauding. 2 The Everlasting Pair. May we. balm-dropping. Indra and Visnu. in their pure rule pour fatness for the pious man. pass dangers. with full streams. May hymns of praise that now are sung address you. ye vessels who contain the Soma juices. with balm upon your path. rich in germs. as with flame. the lauds that are recited by the singers. adorn and deck you. ye Hemispheres. 10 True to Law. all-knowing Father. yielding balm. 4 May your foe-conquering horses bring you hither. Indra-Visnu. 6 May Heaven and Earth make food swell plenteously for us. wide. unwasting. 7 Drink of this meath. leading us on by unobstructed pathways. with Gods to guard themThey whose great might gives victory in battles. first eaters. IndraVisnu. Heaven and Earth are bright therewith: they mingle with the fatness which they still increase. Indra and Visnu. produced this infinite with three divisions. O Earth and Heaven. served with worship ana oblation. sharers of the banquet. repeated with the lauds. 3 Lords of joy-giving draughts. drinkers of the juice. broad. when ye fought the battle. drink your fill. Ye made the firmament of larger compass. Eternal. as with boats we cross the waters. Hear ye my prayers. 1. 4 Enclosed in fatness. and rejoice you [06-069] HYMN LXIX. ye Heroes. Of all our hymns accept the invocations list to my prayers and hear the songs I sing you. beautiful in their form. sublime. of this invigorating sweetest Soma.7 So also. may our princes have riches swift to save. wondrous in their works. great fame and strength for us and good heroic might. With brilliant rays of hymns let chanted praises. 11 Indra and Varuna. <252> . give ear unto my calling. and Visnu. [06-070] HYMN LXX. Indra-Visnu. FILLED full of fatness. imperial Lord. who praise the strength of what is mighty. giving gifts of treasure. for righteous life. as it were home. Who. Heaven and Earth. 5 May Heaven and Earth pour down the balmy rain for us. INDRA and Visnu. dropping meath. stand parted each from each. that man succeeds. rich in milk. drink this pressed Soma which shall give you rapturous joy. illumines both wide worlds with majesty and power. that ye may drink. to the Soma. thou. Bestowing by your Godhead sacrifice and wealth. spacious. ne'er have yc been conquered: never hath either of the Twain been vanquished. 8 Indra. O Indra. He in his seed is born again and spreads by Law: from you flow things diverse in form. 9 Now will I sing a dear and far-extending hymn to Varuna the God. jother. come.

Angiras' son. With twice-firm path. and spread abroad apart. exceeding fair to look on. [06-075] HYMN LXXV. 4 Armed with keen shafts and weapons. mountain-render. both the Worlds. Striving to win waters and light. O Soma-Rudra. that he may give us wealth: For thou art mighty to produce and lull to rest the world of life that moves on two feet and on four. bring blessing to our quadrupeds and bipeds. all beneficial. Indra-Soma. Set free and draw away the sin committed which we have still inherent in our persons. 3 Ye slew the flood -obstructing serpent Vrtra. while he holds the region up. Slaying his enemies. FULL of effectual wisdom Savitar the God hath stretched out golden arms that he may bring forth life. victorious. famed. 1. [06-072] HYMN LXXII. to-morrow. Young and most skilful. O Savitar. 6 Fair wealth. and wealth. with guardian aids around. first-born. and give us excellent and happy glories. kind and loving. passing to our children. [06-073] HYMN LXXIII. of a fair and spacious habitation. ye Mighty Beings. wealth. thou. Brhaspati. may. Release us from the noose of Varuna. Weapons of War. the great stalls filled with cattle. for our bodies all needful medicines to heal and cure us. and made each monster fall and cease from troubling. to-day. the Earth. be gracious unto us. and led the Sun on high with all his splendour. hath risen to meet the twilight. 4 Ye in the unripe udders of the milch-kine have set the ripe milk. he sends the worshipper rich gifts in plenty. gave her light to Morning. With cheeks of brass. Placing in every house your seven great treasures. 2 Soma and Rudra. Ye urged to speed the currents of the rivers. the Mother. roars loudly. Ye have held fast the unimpeded whiteness within these many-coloured moving creatures. in your tender loving-kindness. Indra. [06-074] HYMN LXXIV. with manly strength that conquers in the battle. God. with pleasant tongue. SERVED with oblations. Brhaspati with lightning smites the foeman. the Holy. as a bull. Savitar. Ye found the Sun ye found the light of heaven: ye killed all darkness and the Gods' blasphemers. send us gain. fair wealth produce for us each day that passes. keep us from sorrow. our Father. keep us for newest bliss: let not the evil-wisher have us in his power. who made for such a people wide room and verge when Gods were invocated. auspicious. 3 Protect our habitation. 1. 4 This Savitar the God. to Earth and Heaven. the Holy. Indra-Soma. this day. Savitar. Indra and Soma: Heaven approved your exploit. Savitar hath extended his golden arms. Friend of the home. Brhaspati. chase to every quarter the sickness that hath visited our dwelling. O Soma-Rudra: let these our sacrifices quickly reach you. Drive Nirrti away into the distance. 3 Provide. May we through this our song be happy gainers. <253> . in union. 5 Like a Director. Ye have invested men. this God. HOLD fast your Godlike sway. resistless. Soma-Rudra. Ye stayed the heaven with a supporting pillar. the Warrior sprinkles fatness over both his hands. 2 Ye. hath won. God of the golden tongue. Indra and Soma: the first high exploits were your own achievements. 2 May we enjoy the noblest vivifying force of Savitar the God. breaks down their castles. and power. He hath gone up the heights of earth and heaven. 1. Indra and Soma. GREAT is this might of yours.Pouring out bounties. firm and true. quelling his foes and conquering those who hate him. dwelling in light. 5 Verily ye bestow. [06-071] HYMN LXXI. 1. the golden-handed. and Soma. 3 Brhaspati in war hath won rich treasures. Soma and Rudra. and many seas have ye filled full with waters. 2 Brhaspati.

Varuna give tliee what is more than ample. 6 Upstanding in the Car the skilful Charioteer guides his strong Horses on whithersoe'er he will. 2 With Bow let us win kine. whether he be a strange foe or one of us. sharpened by our prayer. 8 Car-bearer is the name of his oblation. profound and strong in trouble. be this great adoration paid. honour the helpful Car with hearts exceeding joyful. trample and destroy them. 18 Thy vital parts I cover with thine Armour: with immortality King Soma clothe thee. they. 5 With many a son. THE warrior's look is like a thunderous rain-cloud's. 19 Whoso would kill us. with Bow be victors in our hot encounters. Slung on the back. <254> . with iron mouth. closest Mail is prayer. showing forth their vigour. The Bow brings grief and sorrow to the foeman: armed with the Bow may we subdue all regions. 16 Loosed from the Bowstring fly away. there may the Arrows shelter and protect us. So let us here. of Parjanya's seed. He clangs and clashes as he goes to battle. 7 Horses whose hoofs rain dust are neighing loudly. scatter. She flieth onward. tipped with deer-horn. real heroes. free. and let our bodies be as stone. well-skilled in all its duties. and the Fathers meet for Soma-draughts. drive sagacious horses in the fray. 14 It compasses the arm with serpent windings. Go to the foemen. armed with mail. and let not one be left alive. 17 There where the flights of Arrows fall like boys whose locks are yet unshorn. he deals his blows upon their thighs. the Quiver vanquishes all opposing bands and armies. 10 The Brahmans. pouring his brood. There where the heroes speed hither and thither. father of many daughters. Guard us trom evil. mother-like. armed with shafts and wondrous weapons. graciously inclined. With their forefeet descending on the foemen. May all the Gods discomfit him. She whispers like a woman-this Bowstring that preserves us in the combat. 11 Her tooth a deer. yoked to the Chariots. guard manfully the man from every quarter. as fain to speak. bear. in unison. She presses. who urgest horses. My nearest. the foes who hate us. Whip. each day that passes. their child upon their bosom. guard us strengtheners of Law: let not the evil-wisher master us. conquerors of armies. when. unequalled Heaven and Earth. Thou. Be thou victorious with unwounded body: so let the thickness of thy mail protect thee. See and admire the strength of those controlling Reins which from behind declare the will of him who drives. never flinching. starting swift asunder. Even there may Brahmanaspati. meeting like a woman and her lover. Strained on the Bow. with Bow the battle. bound with cow-hide. and Aditi protect us well. May Soma kindly speak to us. and in thy triumph may the Gods be joyful. 9 In sweet association lived the fathers who gave us life.1. 15 Now to the Shaft with venom smeared. Unwearied. holding her well-loved Friend in her embraces. strike them home. and. whercon are laid his Weapons and his Armour. he seeks the lap of battle. Celestial. and Aditi protect us well. thou Arrow. protect us well through all our days. fending away the friction of the bowstring: So may the Brace. 3 Close to his car. Pusan. 12 Avoid us thou whose flight is straight. launched forth. May the two Bow-ends. dressed in an eagle's feathers. 4 These. 13 He lays his blows upon their backs.

to destitution. Agni. Agni. O Son of Strength. 14 May this same fire of mine surpass all others. from the hated demon. excellent. well-enkindled. and with us through these our praises. that never fadeth. Let me not want. with pointed flame. without descendants. to need. with thee. saviour from the foeman.These who ipprove the noble song I sing thee. O Agni. Holy One. Yield us not. Most Youthful God. And drive away in silence pain and sickness. 17 Agni. Where men of lofty birth sit down together. <255> . swift to hear. have. O House-Friend. Agni. O Agni. maid-like. protect us evermore with blessings. Using both means to draw thee to our worship. fair to behold. pure. 12 By sacrifice which the Steeds' Lord ever visits. O Agni. wealth with brave sons. may we with riches in possession bring thee continual ofierings in abundance. to fiend or hunger. pour blessings on our chiefs and nobles. begirt by noble heroes. O Agni. the ladle dropping oil. 21 Thou Agni. heroleu. 9 Agni. in the home for ever. Eternal. Purifier. with its oblation. 20 Give strength and power to these my prayers.Be gracious to us here for their sake also. thine as a God. heroes in the fight with foemen. these most welcome oblations to the Deities' assembly: Let them enjoy our very fragrant presents. let thy displeasure. the mortals who have in many places spread thy lustre.[07-000] RIG VEDA . Wins. bear thou. To thee come all our sacrificial viands. guard us from malice of the churlish sinner: Allied with thee may I subdue assailants. must be honoured. in full effulgence. who guards the kindler of the flame from sorrow: Heroes of noble lineage serve and tend him. 2 The Vasus set that Agni in the dwelling. THE men from fire-sticks. in deep thought. Increasing still with lineal successors. Wealth-seeking comes to him his own devotion. Ye Gods. Lord of the homestead. refulgent.BOOK THE SEVENTH [07-001] HYMN I. grant us wealth with wisdom. Which not a foe who deals in magic conquers. prevail against all godless arts of 4magic. 16 This is that Agni. to wretched clothes. Nor. vigorous and firm-handed. whom the rich lord who brings oblation kindles. served in many places. for help from every quarter: Who. O Agni. 22 Condemn us not to indigence. 4 Among all fires these fires have shone most brightly. splendid with light. 7 Burn up all malice with those flames. with their hands' swift movement. Grant that both we and they may share thy bounty. Agni. And round him goes the priest at sacrifices. to want of heroes. on a thousand paths. 5 Victorious Agni. with flame. 13 Guard us. 10 Let these men. wherewith of old thou burntest up Jarutha. the patriarchal men. Far-seen. there make our dwelling rich in seed and offspring. about thee: But. 11 Let us not sit in want of men. O God. 6 To whom. Be present. this fire where offspring. engendered glorious Agni. 19 Give us not up. O Son of Strength. famous and independent. a son for ever: let not a manly hero ever fail us. even after fault. 18 Agni. what ne'er shall perish. o'ertake us. injure us not at home or in the forest. in houses full of children. beside these flaming fires which Gods have kindled. 15 This is that Agni. at morn and eve comes. 8 With him who lighteth up thy splendour. the Strong. 3 Shine thou before us. art fair of aspect: beam forth. 1.

On this our grass sit Aditi. much-invoked. envoy between both worlds. O God. Agni. Established firm among mankind. 3 We will extol at sacrifice for ever. the men who serve him strew it with reverence. 6 And let the two exalted Heavenly Ladies. O Jatavedas. Lord of Forests. oil-sprinkled. and overspread thee with the rays of Surya. adjuster of the press-stones. 7 You. ASSOCIATE with fires. 2 With sacrifice to these we men will honour the majesty of holy NarasamsaTo these the pure. O God. the wealthy mortal who to the Immortal offers his oblation. [07-002] HYMN II. O Victor. they adorn them. O Agni. most wise. 6 O fair of face. 25 Give strength and power to these my prayers. Touch the celestial summits with thy columns. with oblation. with mortals Agni. the kindled everlasting flames rise upward. meet for worship.23 O Agni. 9 Well pleased with us do thou. Hath him who wins him treasure by his Godhead. with your Hail to Agni! with sacrificial cakes and fat oblations. adorn him. best skilled in worship. like a cow good at milking. on their knees. ye Adhvaryus. 8 Thine are resistless songs for him who offers. Most Youthful Agni. Ye Gods. 5 The men have decked him both at eve and morning. They kindle him. Apris. 4 Thou whose fresh lustre o'er the earth advanceth when greedily with thy jaws thy food thou eatest. 1. with undiminished life and hero children. Like Heaven's thundering roar thy might approaches. and hero-giving hymns wherewith thou savest. together with the potent Gods and Indra. flame-crowned and fed with oil. and. 5 With holy thoughts the pious have thrown open Doors fain for chariots in the Gods' assembly. 24 Knowing our chief felicity. with thy tongue thou piercest. inspirers. O Son of Strength. guard us. like gold thou gleamest. Agni. as men may do. Agni whom Manu kindled. and let the Immolator. Send up our offerings when we call upon you. 7 That we may worship. a guest within his dwelling: bright shines the splendour of the worshipped Hero. Three Goddesses. 4 Bearing the sacred grass. skilled in action. <256> . thou speedest to the Gods as envoy. the Purifier. by Agni. Aloft to heaven thy ruddy smoke ascendeth: Agni. 10 Send to the Gods the oblation. the path is black which thou hast travelled. and seat them. and like the wondrous Sun thy light thou showest. like maidens for the gathering. Morning and Night. and so among the Gods obtain us treasures. this day. both filled with wisdom. make your God Agni envoy at sacrifice. O Agni. with those boundless glories as with a hundred fortresses of iron. Your very skilful Asura. powerful. for our welfare. dress it. the thought. Agni: send up thy sacred smoke and shine sublimely. as they tend a courser. the Holy. Calling him to the spotted grass. Guard us. Whence springs the hero. O Agni. pour blessings on bur chiefs and nobles. happy Mother. Like two full mother cows who lick their youngling. [07-003] HYMN III. With these. and let our Hail! delight the Gods Immortal. protect us evermore with blessings. Wherewith we may enjoy ourselves. as 'twere barley. 3 From thee a Bull but newly born. in need. Sarasvati with all her kindred Rivers. lover of Gods. 2 Like a steed neighing eager for the pasture. Bards and Singers at men's sacrifices. O Agni. deserving worship. preserve these princes and the singers. He as the truer Priest shall offer worship. the truthful speaker. Gods who enjoy both sorts of our oblations. fair of face. Like a host hurried onward comes thy lasso: fierce. our fuel. straight. 11 Come thou to us. O Tvastar. for the God'sgenerations well he knoweth. 1. bring hither ample riches to our nobles. come to this grass. GLADLY accept. give ready issue to our procreant vigour. very near at hand. Come. Grant that both we and they may share thy bounty. when he hath stepped forth from the great enclosure: Then the wind following blows upon his splendour. 8 May Bharati with all her Sisters. O Agni. I incline to worship. duly kindled. goes supplicating. to whom the prince. Ila accordant with the Gods. beautiful is thine aspect when. and on our grass be seated ' wealthy.

3 For fear of thee forth fled the dark-hued races. Vaisvanara. freshly triumphant. All happiness be theirs who sing and praise thee. in a moment. bestow upon our chiefs and nobles that famous power. forbear to harm us: may weforever share thy gracious favour. 4 Agni Vaisvanara. Vaisvanara. on earth is Agni stablished. in thousands. and the earth beareth him the All-sustainer. 10 Shine this felicity on us. O victorious God. all-bounteous God. Accordant with the Vasus and the Rudras. one to be thought of as another's offipring. 5 He who hath occupied his God-made dwelling. Agni. 7 The foeman's treasure may be won with labour: may we be masters of our own possessions. hath waxen great in the lap of all the Gods Immortal. from dishonour. Thou. give us sure protection. This Agni who hath brooked that men should seize him hath shone for man with glow insufferable. O Jatavedas. thou Agni didst light up and rend their castles. our Charioteer of riches. for they loved thy spirit. Here let the place of darkening come upon thee: may wealth be ours. desirable. favouring thine offspring. Thou dravest Dasyus from their home. both Earth and Heaven submit them to thy threefold jurisdiction. scattered abroad. like an axe new-sharpened. in abundance. 5 Agni. Though grown familiar by continual presence. thou pourest riches. 8 Send us that strength. in wisdom hath surpassed Immortals. 6 In thee. with those who wake. Sprung. Agni. let us not sit about thee like men devoid of strength. PRAISE of the Asura. 8 Unwelcome for adoption is the stranger. full of splendour. and broughtest forth broad light to light the Arya. Agni. To him who goes as messenger with knowledge between all songs of men and Gods in heaven. leader of rivers. A Babe unborn. since he was born. that strength. though plenteous. Vasus seated the might of Aduras. send it. of his Mother. the plants and trees support him. Ye Gods. deathless mid mortals. that wealth which feedeth many. Lord of the gift of wealth and hero valour. from his Parents. this God's whom men have seized in his white splendour. resplendent in his body. O Agni: may we attain to perfect understanding. preserve us O thou Victor. glowing. the Manly One in whom the folk shall triumph- <257> . Agni. Victorious God. Vaisvanara when he hath grown in glory. like wind. 1. BRING forth your song of praise to mighty Agni. May our strong hero come. [07-005] HYMN V. and worship. [07-006] HYMN VI. BRING forth your gifts to his refulgent splendour. pure in his form. Here. Agni. Vaisvanara. Vaisvanara of mornings. When. and eats his food. your hymn as purest offering to Agni. beauty. the speedy messenger of earth and heaven. All happiness be theirs who sing and praise thee. the tawny horses. preserve us evermore with blessings. 9 Agni. Lord of the tribes. 1. Agni. 4 Far-seeing hath this Agni been established. roaredst loudly when giving life to creatures. 2 Wise must this Agni be. [07-004] HYMN IV. Bull of standing waters. Sage and Purifier: 10 Shine this felicity on us. for the Gods' worship. on the man who offers. as fame wide-spreading. 2 Sought in the heavens. Refulgent in thine undecaying lustre thou hast invested both the worlds with splendour. shines on the tribes of men with light and treasure. O Agni. O bright as Mitra. though young and tender. 3 Before his presence must we all assemble. Jatavedas. Wherewith. deserting their possessions. Agni. O Vaisvanara. O Agni: may we attain to perfect understanding. 7 Born in the loftiest heaven thou in a moment reachest. 1. who. for Puru. Most Youthful. sought with eager longing. preserve us evermore with blessings. attend thee. 9 Guard us from him who would assail us. Agni.9 When forth he cometh. the place where Gods inhabit. wise among the foolish. loudly neighing our resonant hymns that drop with oil. no son is he who springs from others: lengthen not out the pathways of the foolish. 6 Agni is Lord of Amrta. high imperial Ruler. Ye Gods. Ensign of days. He who with bright teeth seizeth fast the forests.

the Holy One. slaying demons. the Vasisthas. 7 We. 1. delighting in the Gods' alliance. <258> . winners of precious wealth which none may conquer? 4 Far famed is this the Bharata's own Agni he shineth like the Sun with lofty splendour. 2 Yea. the heavenly guest hath glowed in full refulgence. in the cast. now implore thee. preserve us evermore with blessings. He. unyielding tamer of assailing foemen. O Agni? What power dost thou exert when thou art lauded? When. sweetly speaking. have wrought with skill the hymn of adoration. he hath been acknowledged as most mighty. Most Youthful! thou wast born to help us. at the sun's setting. 5 Him who brake down the walls with deadly weapons. Thou hast brought food to singers and to nobles. Sing. bosom hath found the choicest seat in earth and heaven. That Agni I extol. Thou art already famed as praised and lauded. the Vasisthas. may we be lords of riches. Giver of all boons. burning with eager teeth the woods and forests. manliest with his prowess. the Lord of riches. hath taken to himself deep-hidden treasures: Agni hath taken them from earth and heaven.Far far sway hath Agni chased those Dasytis. Agni. have made him leader in the solemn worship. preserve us evermore with blessings. and grew among the plants with blackened fellies. the best of these for wisdom. hath turned the godless westward. 6 In whose protection all men rest by nature. 3 The grass is strewn. increase thy body. and gave the Mornings to anoble Husband. now implore thee. the priests adore him with oblations. The men. splendid. the Supporter. victorious Agni. 4 Forthwith the men. and. the Lord of wealth and riches. who with conquering strength subduing the tribes of Nahus made them bring their tribute. As Lord in homes of men is Agni stablished. [07-007] HYMN VII. O nobly born. O Son of Strength. spreading o'er the earth. Agni hath shone forth when the dawn is breaking. from the sea under and the sea above us. I SEND forth even your God. O Son of Strength. the joyous. did aforetime. THE King whose face is decked with oil is kindled with homage offered by his faithful servant. and set their thoughts on this my holy statute. He who hath vanquished Puru in the battle. 3 The foolish. I decorate with songs the mighty actions which Agni. 2 By paths that are thine own come hither. 7 Vaisvanara the God. and is seated in man's home. Brahman. Agni. with mine adoration. That. desiring to enjoy his gracious favourAgni Vaisvanara in his Parents. Invoking both All-boon-bestowing Mothers of whom. Making the heights of earth roar with thy fury. the blessed Sovran of the earth and heaven. Light. and lauding celebrate the Fort-destroyer. like a strong courser. Agni is made propitious. the youthful Agni. Herald of sacrifice be he who knoweth he hath reached Gods. engendered with redoubled force for Agni. Fort-destroyer.I laud his deeds who is as strong as Indra. 6 These have passed all in glory. the Maids rejoicing in the western darkness. joyous. himself. the Hotar worships. Food. the manly. yet still. Agni. chosen bearer. 3 How dost thou decorate our hymn. that winneth countless treasure. Ye Gods. 4 Him who brought eastward. Agni. made light around him. 5 He hath come. 7 We. have advanced the people's welfare. listening. the sacrifice advances adored as Priest. Young Agni. rudely-speaking niggards. Bounteous God. 5 Full many oblations are in thee collected: with all thine aspects thou hast waxen gracious.-they bring him from the mountain.. He whom both Heaven anct Earth exalt and strengthenwhom. Agni. Agni 1. chasing sickness. the joyous Priest of men. Who. faithless. with measured motion. 2 Sage. the Lord of wealth and treasure. [07-008] HYMN VIII. who. it may delight our friend and bless the singers. 6 Be this my song. Ye Gods. Thou hast brought food to singers and to nobles. without belief or sacrifice or worship.

Pure in his splendour shines the golden Hero: our longing thoughts hath he aroused and wakened. radiant. as Priest. 3 Three times a day in thee are shown the treasures sent for the mortal who presents oblation. Child of Waters. your Jatavedas. men's messenger who carries their oblations. here let them be joyful. and for Gods' worship an unwearied envoy. looking forth in all directions. 2 Men with oblations evermore entreat thee. the Maruts. 2 Most wise is he who. brought the bright Sun to us who feedeth many. the joyous Herald. forcing doors of Panis. 3 O Agni. riches to the pious. preserve us evermore with blessings. like the Sun. so the Gods made him their oblationbearer. Give us wealth in plenty. Agni. bring thou Indra bring hither mighty Rudra with the Rudras. He on whose sacred grass with Gods thou sittest. The cheerful Priest. ROUSED from their bosom is the Dawns' beloved. 1. with the Singers. 5 Go on thy message to the Gods.[07-009] HYMN IX. Most Youthful God. mighty. [07-011] HYMN XI. the young plants hath he entered. both us who laud him and our noble patrons. Bring the Gods hither like a man. Sing praise in choral song. our gracious guest. Agni is Lord of every gift presented. guarding us from curses. well-worshipped. Him fair to see. 5 Men eagerly implore at sacrifices Agni. sacrifice's Herald: not without thee are deathless Gods made joyful. to him. hath shone while Morn is breaking. 2 Through his great might o'ercoming all misfortunes. Come hither with all Deities about thee here take thy seat. with their band who pray and worship. 4 Seeking our gatherings. Ye Gods. [07-012] HYMN XII. refulgent. 3 Wise. HE hath sent forth. [07-010] HYMN X. 1. Asvins. the first. 3 Our songs and holy hymns go forth to Agni. through still night's darkness he is made apparent. Aditi good to all men with Adityas. May he protect us from disgrace and trouble. O Agni. uncircumscribed. the swift. preserve us evermore with blessings. 4 joined with the Vasus. O Jatavedas. who knows their generations and visits Gods. For he is Lord and Ruler over riches. Shines forth with wondrous light before the Mornings. are the days propitious. He gives a signal both to Gods and mortals. 4 Lord of the lofty sacrifice is Agni. a Friend with good attendants. of goodly aspect. 6 Vasistha. the joyous Priest. seeking the God and asking him for riches. GREAT art thou. to undertake an envoy's duty. his far-spreading lustre. praised in the house is Agni Jatavedas. rapid envoy. With wondrous light between wide earth and heaven. preserve us evermore with blessings. WE with great reverence have approached The Youngest who hath shone forth well-kindled in his dwelling. O Agni. thou art Varuna and Mitra: Vasisthas with their holy hymns exalt thee. and fail not. like the Dawn's Lover. The Vasus were contented with his wisdom. Agni. Sarasvati. Brhaspati All-bounteous. Convey this sacrifice to Gods in heaven. men's Friend and home-companion. O Agni. Bring all the Gods that they may give us riches. Agni. and priests who weave the sacrifice sing praises. most sapient. hath shone adorable through human ages. ne. bring the Gods to taste our presents: with Indra leading. O Agni: be thou our envoy.'er deceived. <259> . he. O Agni. when enkindling thee. Ye Gods. Agni. 1. With thee be most abundant gain of treasure. hath slain jarutha. Agni. Agni. Agni. most bounteous. the God. Purifier. Waters. Who gleams refulgent with his lovely lustre: the kine have waked to meet him when enkindled. 2 He. bright. and refulgent. to Gods oblations. 5 O Agni. 1. Ye Gods.

and honour thee. to offerings sanctified with Vasat. 3 On all sides may that Agni guard our household folk and property. 1. rich in heroes. The path to prayer. O God. TIOU with thy might. for this thou canst May Bhaga give us what is choice. brightly glowing. bring us abundant wealth. 13 Agni. Agni. 4 I have begotten this new hymn for Agni. 11 As such. preserve us evermore with blessings. WITH this my reverent hymn I call Agni for you. like a brisk herdsman moving round his cattle. the singers with their songs of praise: Speech. Like an oblation on the grass. thou foundest. when. with praises: Honour thee. His who is nearest kin to us: 2 Who for the Fivefold People's take hath seated him in every home Wise. Agni accept our songs. from the wicked men. eve and morn. thousandfold. born thou lookedst on all creatures. rich in heroes. givest hero fame: Bhaga and Savitar the God. Agni drives Raksasas away. from sorrow. irresistible. Asura-slayer. hast at thy birth filled full the earth and heaven. O Agni. <260> . 15 Do thou preserve us. with the Gods to our invoking. preserve us evermore with blessings. best of worshippers. May he deliver us from woe. be thou a mighty iron fort to us. Immortal with refulgent glow. WITH reverence and with offered gifts serve we the God whose flame is bright: Let us bring Jatavedas fuel. 1. 14 And. Agni. 3 Come. OFFER oblations in his mouth. Priest of sacrifice! with butter. art our Friend. thee. 7 Lord of the house. Falcon of the sky: Will he not give us of his wealth? 5 Whose lories when he glows in front of sacrite are fair to see. come. Agni. Agni. Ye Gods. Agni! God 8 Shine forth at night and morn: through thee with fires are we provided well. Eternal. 9 The men come near thee for their gain. to please him. 1. meet for praise. 1. O Holy one. comes near to thee. Purifier. and adore Agni when we invoke the Gods. O Worshipped Onel Bright. the Son of Strength. young Child of Strength. due honour. [07-015] HYMN XV. preserve us from distress: consume our enemies. hymn-inspirer. Agni. Infallible! by day and night. 3 Agni. Vaisvanara. we set thee down. whom men must seek. I bring this to Vaisvanara. BRING song and hymn to Agni. And Did give us what is good. Like wealth of one with hero sons. with the hottest flames. pleased. God. With hundred walls for man's defence. Youthful. may we perform thy rites with fuel. God of blessed light! with our oblation. 6 May he enjoy this hallowed gift. [07-014] HYMN XIV Agni. 12 Thou.[07-013] HYMN XIII. [07-016] HYMN XVI. enlightener of all and thought-bestower. Ye Gods. Master of the house. 10 Bright. Thou. May we be his who pays thee. the bounteous God's whom we must serve. 2 Thou with thy flame. Vaisvanara Jatavedas. settest the Gods free frodi the curse that bound them. who bears Oblations. 2 Agni.

win for us things that are all-goodly. 9 Do thou. her hand bearing the sacred oil. Agni gives wealth and valour to the worshipper. Make us. ALL is with thee. all food that fcedeth man: give that for which we pray to thee. come unto the prayer we offer. their stalls of kine. Bring the Gods hither to the feast. Then hath the sacrifice good prayers and happy end. strong for wealth. a Priest with pleasant tongue. and let the grass be scattered wide about thee. 7 Together came the Pakthas. Offer good sacrifices. wisest envoy. for thou art he who granteth wealth. Indra made them shallow and easy for Sudas to traverse. AGNI. the Son of Strength.Dear. 1. our Herald at the sacrifice. grant us abundant riches. then fill the vessel full again: then doth the God pay heed to you. dear let our princes he to thee. 2 Let the impatient Portals be thrown open bring thou the Gods impatient to come hither. O Most Wise. from slander and from harm. most wise. all-supporting. Lord of the Earth. Lord of all boons. surround and help us. worship andgratify the Gods Immortal. Pour ye it forth. moved by desire of great renownDo thou with saving help preserve them from distress. 2 For like a King among his wives thou dwellest: with glories. caused the Simyu. the Much-invoked. Agni. 5 Thou. 4 Vasistha hath poured forth his prayers. thou art the Cleanser and a Sage. Agni. well-worshipped. we pray today be fruitful. and horses: best winner thou of riches for the pious. the Alinas. passing wise. 8 They in whose home. 7 O Agni who art worshipped well. those Gods have made the bearer of oblations. Our wealthy patrons who are governors of men. The Bhrgus and the Druhyus quickly listened: friend rescued friend mid the two distant peoples. He. urge them fast. bring riches hither to our liberal chiefs. Yet to the Trtsus came the Arya's Comrade. be kindled well with proper fuel. [07-017] HYMN XVII. give us a refuge famed afar. O Indra. Jatavedas! 4 Let Jatavedas pay fair sacrifices. 8 Fools. they parted inexhaustible Parusni. let him yoke: let him. Pay worship. 1. 3 The flame of him the Bountiful. <261> . he with his might repressed them: still lay the herd and the affrighted herdsman. All these my people call thee Lord of cattle: may Indra. Give us. besought. hath mounted up. O Son of Strength. and heavenly gift of wealth to men. worthy of our praises. like fishes urged by hunger. Victorious God. Ila sits down well-satisfiedGuard them. served with noble sacrifice. to folk who offer up their gifts. who part. [07-018] HYMN XVIII. art the homestead's Lord. 3 Here these our holy hymns with joy and gladness in pious emulation have approached thee. as gifts. Inspire with zeal each priest at this our solemn rite. and enjoy the good. Hitherward come thy path that leads to riches: may we find shelter in thy favour. to lead them. 10 They who bestow as bounty plenteous wealth of steeds. 2 His two red horses. all who are skilled in singing praise. Indra. desiring to milk thee like a cow in goodly pasture. oblation-bearer. 4 Thee. 7 To thee the God may we perform our worship: do thou. 5 Wise God. and very near to us. even thee. And his red-coloured smoke-clouds reach and touch the sky: the men are kindling Agni well. and honour our songs wirth kine and steeds and decoration. 6 Thee. and speed the oflering of our gifts. Agni. and let the prayers. Agni: serve the Gods with our oblation. 6 Eager for spoil was Turvasa Purodas. 11 The God who gives your wealth demands a full libation poured to him. the Visanins. 12 Him have the Gods appointed Priest of sacrifice. 3 Taste. With thee are milch-kine good to milk. 5 What though the floods spread widely. to curse the rivers' fury. the Sivas. O Agni. the Bhalanas. thee Most Glorious One we make our messenger. as a Sage. thy servants. Indra. through love of spoil and heroes' war. all the treasures which erst our fathers won who sang thy praises. Most Youthful! with a hundred forts. immortal messenger of all. in their folly fain to waste her waters. foe of our hymn. fain to win wealth. 6 Give riches to the sacrificer.

earning Paijavana's reward. Sudas's brown steeds. Vasistha. devoted unto thee. The foemen. 14 The Anavas and Druhyus. The goods of Anu's son he gave to Trtsu. Devaka. willingly giving car to him in battle. Guard faithfully his lasting firm dominion. 1. 21 They who. 18 To thee have all thine enemies submitted: e'en the fierce Bheda hast thou made thy subject. which thou gavest Sudas the worshipper who brought oblations. Cast down thy sharpened thunderbolt. Thunder-wielder. [07-019] HYMN XIX. thy servants Parasara. 23 Gift of Paijavana. Thou sentest in swift death to sleep the Dasyu. Indra abandoned. 20 Not to be scorned. thou slewest. Will not forget thy friendship. May we in sacrifice conquer scorned Puru. aiding Arjuneya. 19 Yamuna and the Trtsus aided Indra. who. Most Mighty! <262> . trained steeds with pearl to deck them. the swiftly flying foes. hero-souled! with Heroes. have slept. abandoned to Sudas all their provisions. two chariots from Sudas with mares to draw them. There he stripped Bheda bare of all his treasures. gavest help to Kutsa. for his own possession.9 As to their goal they sped to their destruetion: they sought Parusni. Indra's denier. Further Paijavana's desire with favour. yea. O Agni. 24 Him whose fame spreads between wide earth and heaven. liberal Giver. The Ajas and the Sigrus and the Yaksus brought in to him as tribute heads of horses. Thus to Sudas Indra gave all provisions. 22 Priest-like. 11 The King who scattered one-and-twenty people of both Vaikarna tribes through lust of gloryAs the skilled priest clips grass within the chamber. Others here claiming friendship to their friendship. 3 O Bold One. singly excites and agitates all the people: Thou givest him who largely pours libations his goods who pours not. o'erwhelmedst in the waters famed ancient Kavasa and then the Druhyu. terrific. O Indra. Satayatu. have gladdened thee. wrought their downfall. to Sudas the manly. thou slewest Namuci. measuring exceeding closely. Indra. verily. 12 Thou. so hath the Hero Indra. but like Dawns past and recent. for Dabhiti. 16 The hero's side who drank the dressed oblation. the sixty hundred. 2 Thou. unmanly babblers. O Indra. the path's Controller. I move around the altar. And six-and-sixty heroes. They who drive spotted steeds. Two hundred cows from Devavan's descendant. firmly-stepping. thou with all thine aids hast boldly holpen Sudas whose offerings were accepted. the Warriors and the harnessed horses. 15 These Trtsus under Indra's careful guidance came speeding like loosed waters rushing downward. Manyamana's son. thou subduedst to him both Kuyava and the Dasa Susna. and smotest Sambara from the lofty mountain. When. e'en the swift returned not. thunder-armed. He gave them various roads. gave ear. 6 Old are the blessings. Lord of Bay Steeds. the Strong. I yoke thy strong Bay Horses: may our prayers reach thee and win strength. both Cumuri and Dhuni. thou slewest many foemen. are thy favours and thy riches. He slew Yudhyamadhi in close encounter. carry me and my son for progeny and glory. with praise. So shall the days dawn prosperous for the princes. For the pious were all these mighty exploits done by Indra. Puru in winning land and slaying foemen. 10 They went like kine unherded from the pasture. four horses bear me in foremost place. as dispenser. Indra. Seven flowing Rivers glorify like Indra. 5 These were thy mighty powers that. 13 Indra at once with conquering might demolished all their strong places and their seven castles. Indra. HE like a bull with sharpened horns. from home. each clinging to a friend as chance directed. 25 Attend on him O ye heroic Maruts as on Sudas's father Divodasa. on him who harms the men who sing thy praises. and Trasadasyu son of Purukutsa. far o'er earth he scattered. For thee. 17 E'en with the weak he wrought this matchless exploit: e'en with a goat he did to death a lion. He pared the pillar's angles with a needle. six thousand. thou slewest Vrtra. sent down by Prsni. 4 At the Gods' banquet. gives each chief his portion. Indra brought down the fierce destroyer's fury. seeking booty. thou swiftly crushedst nine-and-ninety castles: Thou capturedst the hundredth in thine onslaught. in thee were joyful.

With thine own power and might thou slewest Vrtra: no foe hath found the end of thee in battle. 2 Waxing greatness Indra slayeth Vrtra: the Hero with his aid hath helped the singer. is gratified with Soma at the banquet. May we be best content in this thy favour. Saving us e'en from great transgression. 3 Soldier unchecked. Let thy great power bring good to him who lauds thee. even both the worlds with might. are. Fain to fulfil the wish of Atithigva humble. Desire of wealth hath come upon thy singer: help us then. We wake thee. Indra. 8 Thy dear folk. He gave Sudas wide room and space. nor fiends. Indra in rapturous joy shook down their castles he slew them in his might. the friends thou lovest. bring us wondrous riches. Let our true God subdue the hostile rabble: let not the lewd approach our holy worship. 7 Whene'er the elder fain would help the younger the greater cometh to the lesser's present. O Thunder-wielder. 2 On to the rite they move. battling Hero. Lord of Bays. O Maghavan. Indra. Heroic Indra. Lord of Bay Horses. O Indra. PRESSED is the juice divine with milk commingled: thereto hath Indra ever been accustomed. 4 Thou with thy greatness hast filled full. <263> . 6 The people falter not.7 Give us not up. Down rolled. and a strong Mother brought forth him the manly. Indra the very strong hath scattered armies. 4 Skilled in all manly deeds the God terrific hath with his weapons mastered these opponents. [07-021] HYMN XXI. O Mightiest God. STRONG. O thou Most Mighty. protect us evermore with blessings. their armies' Leader. Ye Gods. strong. thou settest free the many waters that were encompassed. unconquered from of old. born for hero exploit. as if on chariots borne. about thee men skilled in hymning sing their songs and praises. and fain for booty. he hath slain each foe who fought against him. 11 Now. He who is Chief of men. these Soma-drinkers eloquent in synod. who present oblations. lauds which revert to us and give us riches. 10 Place us by food which thou hast given. Shall the Immortal sit aloof' inactive? O Wondrous Indra. far-thundering. are brought the press-stones. Deliver us with true and faithful succours: dear may we be to thee among the princes. 3 Indra. as Friend and Hero and the heroes' Helper. Godly-natured. Indra. visiteth man's home with favour. lauded for thine aid. yea. law-born and law's protector. in truth. [07-020] HYMN XX. that wait on heroes. hedoth whatever deed he willeth. 9 To thee the mighty hymn hath clamoured loudly. Maghavan. gakra. Indra. the Youthful. and. Indra. the Thunder-wielder. for men to grasp. nor suffer sorrow. the rivers: through fear of thee all things created tremble. 5 No evil spirits have impelled us. O manliest of heroes. 5 A Bull begat the Bull for joy of battle. war-rousing. thy friends. victorious ever. wax mighty in thy body. Hither. famous. preserve us evermore with blessings. Hero. 9 Swiftly. He who with sacrifices worships Indra is lord of wealth. with their devices. brandishing his thunder. when they fight with faemen. us and the wealthy patrons who command us. with sacrifices: mark this our laud in the wild joy of Soma. 1. ' Elect us also into their assembly who by their calls on thee despoiled the niggards. 7 Even the earlier Deities submitted their powers to thy supreme divine dominion. Indra. 6 Thou in thy strength surpassest Earth and Heaven: the regions comprehend not all thy greatness. bold. Victor. the pride of Turvasa and Yadva. the grass they scatter. and often hath granted wealth to him who brought oblations. by the Dragon. Favour these. in chief place. to the wicked. near thee be joyful under thy protection. who win themselves this God's terrific spirit. Indra wins wealth and deals it out to other's: men in the strife for booty call on Indra. the eloquent hath besought thee. man's Friend. sped by our prayer. O Indra. Maghavan. but preserves us. 10 Thine are these lauds. sheltered by One who slays not. Ye Gods. Apportion to us strength and habitations. Lord of Bays. is strong Hero. Indra. to our share of riches. 8 May we men. in this thine own assembly. 1.

must men invoke thee. yielding greater homage. the stone. accepting our devotions. that strengthen. by which. thy dear companion. thee. thou Impetuous. poured are pleasant juices. Lord of princely treasures. 4 Hear thou the call of the juice-drinking press-stone: hear thou the Brahman's hymn who sings and lauds thee. Directed by the presser's arms hath pressed it. Lord of great felicity. Indra. Indra. Thou with a hundred aids hast been our Helper: one who brings gifts like thee hath his defender. O Indra. Indra: O Much-invoked. from loosened tongue. vouchsafe us wealth. very bounteous to the singer. A HOME is made for thee to dwell in. Take to thine inmost self these adorations. through our solemn hymns bestowest booty. be thy friends for ever. <264> . Ever. Come unto us as with his team comes Vayu: thou. Ye Gods. go thitherwith the heroes. when he had slain resistless foemen. O Indra. and many a time the pious sageinvokes thee. be not long distant from us. accordant. That thou. Maghavan. the words I utter. Indra. is comprehended: pressed is the Soma. Self-Refulgent 6 Among mankind many are thy libations. Indra. May. He who with might extends through all existence hears words which I. 3 The Bays. 2 So let the draught of joy. like a well guided courser. from earth or heaven. Thy name I ever utter. through thy grace. 1. and thy strength immortal. come to our holy grass to drink the Soma. 7 All these libations are for thee. who have engendered hymns as sacred singers. O Indra. thy wish. us and the wealthy patrons who command us. this eulogy recited by Vasistha: Accept the prayers I offer at thy banquet. moreover. Delight thee. a cry to them to send us strength in combat. honour Indra in the battle. O Maghavan. Ye Gods.8 The humble hath invoked thee for protection. Lord of Bays. to prosper us. who must be lauded. rejoice with draughts of Soma. forced with his might the two world-halves asunder. Even with us be thine auspicious friendships. Indra. O Indra. swelled the waters: the singen sought thy holy rite. 4 Come unto us with all thine aids. Hither to me let thy Bay Horses bring thee to listen to our hymns and make thee joyful. old and recent. utter. [07-023] HYMN XXIII. 9 Among all Rsis. eagerly. [07-022] HYMN XXII Indra. preserve us evermore with blessings. 10 Place us by food which thou hast given. 5 I know and ne'er forget the hymns and praises of thee. the Powerful whose arm wields thunder. the Conqueror. in every place. Nor. O Indra. thine heroic power and bounty. None among men knows his own life's duration: bear us in safety over these our troubles. 2 A cry was raised which reached the Gods. the strength of us who battle quell in the shock the onset of the foeman. mayst be our Helper. 8 Never do men attain. 4 Like barren cows. Conqueror. the Mighty. the booty-seeking car I harness: my prayers have reached him who accepts them gladly. 2 Indra. twice-strong. make thee glad at this libation. Praised. 1. Indra. 9 May we. PRAYERS have been offered up through love of glory: Vasistha. 6 Thus the Vasisthas glorify with praises Indra. thou slayest foemen. This hymn of praise. 5 So may these gladdening draughts rejoice thee. made perfect. preserve us evermore with blessings. preserve us evermore with blessings. draws Indra to itself with loud invoking. 3 Mark closely. thy greatness. Ye Gods. Lord of Bay Steeds. may he guard our wealth in kine and heroes. O Hero: to thee I offer these my prayers. O Lord of Bays. DRINK Soma. Indra. [07-024] HYMN XXIV. Mighty One. O Wonder-Worker. 1. his faithful servant. God. Alone among the Gods thou pitiest mortals: O Hero. 3 Come. and let it cheer thee: Indra. Let thy great power bring good to him who lauds thee.

3 These deeds he did. as 'twere above the sky. invoked of many. smite down our foes. Vasistha laudeth Indra. with blessings. Though mortal men on every side invoke thee. O Mighty. let him achieve new exploits. with blessings. That we may win us cars and Steeds and cattle. Famed is Indra as Conqueror. 4 Maghavan Indra. What time the priests with one united effort call him to aid. the armies rush together in their fury. like as one common husband doth his spouses. 5 Here are the Kutsas supplicating Indra for might. O Indra. and lending us the strength of bulls. [07-028] HYMN XXVIII. still give thine ear to us. 2 Thy greatness reacheth to our invocation. Thou. When from the strong man's arm the lightning flieth. 3 King of the living world. thou guardest. of all in varied form that earth containeth. Whose many succours come in close succession. Indra Maghavan. such as the priests declare at their libations. dwell with me now and ever: Lord of Bay Horses. rejoicing in thy might. is Indra. 5 Quick. Hero. with blessings. Make our foes ever easy to be vanquished: may we. 2 At every laud the Soma gladdens Indra: pressed juices please him as each psalm is chanted. Keep far from us the curse of the reviler: bring us accumulated store of treasures. to bring help to men. 1. Preserve us evermore. Potent God. I generate a laud that shall delight him. in combat give us a portion of the stall of cattle. of men. 5 As to the chariot pole a vigorous courser. 2 Grant. Bestow upon us strength and wealth in thousands. Send our chiefs plenteous food with hero children. May dear delightful benefits attend us. where the ground is hard to traverse. thou who knowest: let thy Bay Steeds be yoked and guided hither. This hymn solicits wealth of thee: in heaven. O Indra. to these my friends the strength which thou possessest. What time thy hand. bringeth wealth to the men. Indra. Strike down the weapon of our mortal foeman: bestow upon us splendid fame and riches. Preserve us evermore. Indra. 6 With precious things. ye Gods. to friends the thing they covet. Indra. thus content us: may we attain to thine exalted favour. Mighty God. 1. O potent Indra. ye Gods. win the spoil. 4 I wait the power of one like thee. O Hero. 2 O Indra. give Sudas a hundred succours. the mortals who assail us. COME to our prayers. ye Gods. Strong. 1. O All-impeller. [07-027] HYMN XXVII. Maghavan.Fair-helmeted. Preserve us evermore. MEN call on Indra in the armed encounter that he may make the hymns they sing decisive. and let us bring thy mind to grant us treasures. O Indra. sole distributer of treasures. Indra. O Indra. 4 Even thus have they declared him. do not thou desert us. this laud is brought to the great strong Upholder. let not the mind go forth to side with others. the Lord of Bays for God-sent conquest. set thou our glory. Thence to the worshipper he giveth riches: may he enrich us also when we laud him. Preserve us evermore. thy hidden bounty. Indra hath taken and possessed all castles. new and heroic. WHEN with thy mighty help. as sons invoke their father. [07-025] HYMN XXV. o'ercoming with the mighty. Wise God. victorious. when we all invoke him. a thousand blessings. <265> . [07-026] HYMN XXVI. at libation. holds the thunder. never failing. SOMA unpressed ne'er gladdened liberal Indra. O Indra. no juices pressed without a prayer have pleased him. the sages' prayer which. ye Gods. gifts of a Helper such as thou art. the peoples' Hero. hast rent strong places open: unclose for us. 6 With precious things. thus content us: may we attain to thine exalted favour. Hero. and thy bounty. 5 Thus. so that he may hear us. with blessings. give us room and way to riches. awful in strength thou hast become resistless. 3 God of the fair helm. Send our chiefs plenteous food with hero children. bountiful ever sendeth strength to aid us: Whose perfect guerdon. Indra.

to make him glad. with blessings. songs to thee: Mark. 2 Come to us quickly with thy Bay Steeds. Hero. and those who give rich gifts. to foeman's hateful calumny: In thee alone is all my strength. Best favourer of the singer's prayer and praises. Indra. Preserve us evermore. Indra. 5 Give us not up to man's reproach. 5 We will address this liberal Lord. this act of ours. this Indra. of these riches. your offerings. O Indra. and thou shalt bring thy banner near in battle. 1. Among all people thou art foremost fighter: give up our enemies to easy slaughter. in the din of battle. 8 So let the voice surround thee. that he may grant us gifts of ample riches. Grant to our princes excellent protection. and make ready your devotion. O my friends. ye Gods. 9 Let the ascending drops attain to thee. with blessings. Thou winnest gold for us. O Indra Maghavan. for hostile men are making expiation. WITH power and strength. 2 Thee. O God and Hero. come to our prayer. man's controller. Preserve us evermore. Agni the Asura shall sit as Herald. O Indra. O Mighty God. 2 To him the Bounteous say the laud. even as a Father. 7 Yea. 1. O Good Lord. as men May do. the Wondrous-Wise hath long ago forgiven. heroes invoke in fray for life and sunlight. Strong Thunderer. great art thou whose conquering might two independent Powers confess. accepting our devotion. Lord of men. Indra. approach us: be the augmenter. this Indra. Hymns. Good Lord. and let us glorify. Reaching thee with the rays of light. Drink of this fair. my Champion. To many clans he goeth. only hymns. the Wondrous God. that he may grant us gifts of ample riches. 10 Bring to the Wise. The Soma-drinker. calling Gods hither for our great good fortune. and the Earth. Lord of Tawny Steeds. to Indra. 5 We will address this liberal Lord. Lord of Bays. for potent valour. who waxeth mighty. ye Gods. Indra. 4 Thine are we. 3 When fair bright days shall dawn on us. with blessings. may they wax old and still be strong and happy. 3 O Indra. The Heaven. worth invoking. give us wealth when we implore thee. 4 Honour us in these present days. Enjoy thyself aright at this libation. this Indra that he may grant us gifts of ample riches: Best favourer of the singer's prayer and praises. 4 Faithful to thee we loudly sing. invoke thee: thou art our Providence. both these who praise thee. 1. in heaven: Let all the folk bow down to thee. for us thou winnest strength and kine. thou: With thee for Friend I brave the foe.3 What time thou drewest both world-halves together. 5 We will address this liberal Lord. which attends the Maruts on their way. 3 What satisfaction do our hymns afford thee? When. Preserve us evermore. Vrtra-Slayer. Best favourer of the singer's prayer and praises. 4 They. heroic Indra. SING ye a song. I weave thee: then hear. for manly exploit and for high dominion. Hence I. O India. O Indra: come hither. thine. those earlier sages. this well-effused libation: Maghavan. like heroes led by thee who call each otherFor thou wast born for strength and high dominion-then e'en the active overthrew the sluggish. Our sin that sinless Varuna discovered. these mine invocations. [07-031] HYMN XXXI. <266> . verily. for this thou lovest. ye Gods. Maghavan? Now let us do thee service. and listen thou unto the prayers we offer. Lord of boundless might. were also human beings whom thou wast wont to hear. O Indra. THIS Soma hath been pressed for thee. the Giver of true gifts. [07-029] HYMN XXIX Indra. 6 Thou art mine ample coat of mail. with love for thee. [07-030] HYMN XXX. the Great.

Come with thy Bay Steeds. in whatsoever place he were. 12 The choirs have stablished Indra King for ever. The Giver blesses him who gives. Be thou the gracious helper. the Thunderer with the strong right hand. thou Mighty One. 17 Thou art renowned as giving wealth to every one in all the battles that are fought. to thee. 11 Indra. what mortal will attack the man who hath his wealth in thee? The strong will win the spoil on the decisive day through faith in thee. Lord of this moving world. 15 In battles with the foe urge on our mighty ones who give the treasures dear to thee. He gives the Soma-pourer strength. for wealth. I bend with song. 4 These Soma juices. to our home. Hero I of our cars. 16 Thine. the far-pervading. 14 Indra. or listen if already here. 2 For here. than thine: a father even is no more. Indra. Maghavan. The man whom Indra and the Marut host defend comes to a stable full of kine. 18 If I. LET none. to one like me on the decisive day. Much-invoked. as men set foot upon a car. He is asked for wealth: will he despise our prayer? Him who bestows at once a hundred thousand gifts none shall restrain when he would give. Make ready your dressed meats: cause him to favour us. Lord. all these people of the earth. Your Indra. 7 When thou dost drive the fighting men together be. 5 May he whose ear is open hear us. 12 His portion is exceeding great like a victorious soldier's spoil. for the Bays' Lord. Thou ever rulest all the highest: in the fray for cattle none resisteth thee. that man when fighting shall obtain the spoil. O Indra. like flies on honey. and sing thy praise. strengthened those he loveth. 19 Each day would I enrich the man who sang my praise. be thou the helper of our men. Light is the task to give. Unreachable. Soma-drinker. he Who presses out and pours his deep libations forth. Indra. 20 With Plenty for his true ally the active man will gain the spoil. 13 Make for the Holy Gods a hymn that is not mean. 10 No one hath overturned or stayed the car of him who freely gives. 9 Grudge not. no. the sublime. Even many snares and bonds subdue not him who dwells with Indra through his sacrifice. Lord of Bays. led by thee. O Much-invoked. Even from far away come thou unto our feast. the mighty's shield.11 For Indra. God. implore thy name. whose strong defender thou wilt be. O Maghavan. Craving protection. his goods. 6 The hero never checked by men hath gained his strength through Indra. Him who is Indra. 21 A moral wins no riches by unworthy praise: wealth comes not to the niggard churl. and thrives: not for the niggard are the Gods. 1. Thunder-wielder. May we divide the wealth of him whom thou hast slain: bring us. [07-032] HYMN XXXII. Looker on heavenly light. but well-arranged and fair of form. him whose anger is resistless: And. for victory. to drink them till they make thee glad. I should support the singer. to the great Conqueror. as bends a wright his wheel of solid wood. And may we with our princes. of what moveth not. 8 For Indra. press the Soma juice. Hero. Indra. have singers generated prayer and praises: The sages never violate his statutes. No kinship is there better. is the lowest wealth. 22 Like kine unmilked we call aloud. not thy worshippers. pay the rites. 3 Longing for wealth I call on him. stir you. no foes subdue. delay thee far away from us. Wealth-craving singers have on Indra set their hope. O Maghavan. unto thee. thou cherishest the mid-most wealth. ye Soma pourers. <267> . have been expressed for Indra here. were the Lord of riches ample as thine own. these who pray to thee sit by the juice that they have poured. armed with thunder. Only the active conquers dwells in peace. As a son calleth on his sire. Lord of Tawny Steeds! pass through all peril. mixed with curd. who givest wealth! and not abandon him to woe. O Vrtra-slayer.

7 Up from his strength hath risen as 'twere a light: it bears the load as earth bears living things. With thine assistance. with these he crossed the river. And as a fallen drop. knower both of earth and heaven. Vasistha. the Bharatas were found defenceless: Vasistha then became their chief and leader: then widely. may we ass through all the waters that are rul`ng down. thou art rich in treasures from of old. 2 The waters listen as they flow along: they know the origin of heaven and earth. to sacrifice speed gladly like a traveller on the way. when ye sang aloud the Sakvari verses. Indra. 13 Born at the sacrifice. bring. [07-034] HYMN XXXIV Visvedevas. and like the sea's is their unflathomed greatness. <268> . 1. urged by adorations. The Apsaras brought hither the Vasisthas wearing the vesture spun for them by Yama. Their course is like the wind's. have won me over. Maghavan. 5 Arouse you. the broad waters swell their flood ior him: of him strong heroes think amid their foes. 3 Yea. 4 Set ye for him the coursers to the pole: like Indra Thunderer is the Golden-armed. elder thou. hath been or ever will be born. in battle with the Ten Kings. Vasisthas! ye invigorated Indra. 10 A form of lustre springing from the lightning wast thou. So in the fight with the Ten Kings. 9 They with perceptions of the heart in secret resort to that which spreads a thousand branches. when from the grass I raised me. 3 So. O Maghavan: make riches easy to be won. these Vasisthas. Indra preferred Vasisthas to the Soma pressed by the son of Vayata. Vasistha thou. verily. 27 Grant that no mighty foes. Stripped bare. 26 O Indra. 7 Three fertilize the worlds with genial moisture: three noble Creatures cast a light before them. both with a common flow bedewed the pitcher. endowed with many a gift. of earth or of the heavens. 6 Like sticks and staves wherewith they drive the cattle. and thence they say was born the sage Vasistha. Hero. the movers of holy thought. can never be attained by any other. Vasistha cometh. Pasadyumna. the younger host. 5 Like thirsty men they looked to heaven. O Pratrdas. Then Indra heard Vasistha as he praised him. tread us to the ground. 1. 2 With soma they brought Indra from a distance. Be thou our good Protector in the strife for spoil: Cherisher of our friends be thou. priest. Vasistha. Over Vaisanta. Three that give warmth to all attend the morning. to the sacrifice: set up a flag. 12 He thinker. when from thy stock Agastya brought thee hither. were the Trtsus' clans extended. Indra Maghavan! and kine. the Victorious Ones. 6 Go swift to battles. a hero for the folk. 4 I gladly. men I with prayer prayed by our fathers have fixed your axle: ye shall not be injured: Since. Not from afar can my Vasisthas help you. Guide us. like a swift chariot wrought and fashioned well. malevolent. [07-033] HYMN XXXIII Vasistha. MAY our divine and brilliant hymn go forth. all the Gods laid thee on a lotus-blossorn. give us wisdom as a sire gives wisdom to his sons. O Much-invoked. white-robed. Desiring horses. as men of might we call on thee. in heavenly fervour. 24 Bring. 11 Born of their love for Urvasi. unhallowed. Tliy one and only birth was then. art son of Varuna and Mitra. sprang from the Apsaras to life. bestowing thousands. and must be called in every fight. from the strong libation. Your laud. Then from the midst thereof there rose up Mana. 25 Drive thou away our enemies. THESE who wear hair-knots on the right. Vasisthas. in company with these he slaughtered Bheda. All these have they discovered. surrounded and imploring.23 None other like to thee. With grateful hearts in reverence approach him: to you. when Varuna and Mitra saw thee. and gave the Trtsus ample room and freedom. Destined to wear the vesture spun by Yama. 8 Like the Sun's growing glory is their splendour. For. unknown. in this our way may we still live and look upon the light. 14 He brings the bearer of the laud and Saman: first shall he speak bringing the stone for pressing. Vasisthas! did Indra help Sudas through your devotions. like the days. I warned the men.

20 What time our wives draw near to us. 12 May the great Lords of Truth protect and aid us: blest to us be our horses and our cattle. the glory of the floods. and Agni. 21 May Tvastar find our hymn acceptable. May he. King of kings. oblation-cater. and Heaven. loud in song. with the Rudras. and devotions. 5 Early invoked. Sathsa. 13 May the foes' threatening arrow pass us by: may he put far from us our bodies' sin. gracious the Lord Victorious of the region. may Tvastar kindly listen. Kind be the pious skilful-handed Rbhus. 10 Varuna. and the far-reaching Pair with God-like natures. left-handed Tvastar. in waters. 7 Blest unto us be Soma. 19 Leading great hosts. 6 Be the God Indra with the Vasus friendly. gracious be Prsni who hath Gods to guard her. may he. and. be gracious. and Pusan. on earth. 13 May Aja-Ekapad. and Varuna in heaven. Protect us evermore. 14 Agni. be ours. and Ocean. 22 May they who lavish gifts bestow those treasures: may Rodasi and Varunani listen. whose Friend is Indra. kind be the Fathers at our invocations. with a thousand eyes. Varuna who blesseth. and the Gods' fair invocations. give us hero sons. 4 Favour us Agni with his face of splendour. 12 May he assist us among all the tribes. 11 May all the fellowship of Gods befriend us. May all the Maruts give consent. To us may Herbs and Forest-Trees be gracious. <269> . auspicious be the Rivers and the Waters. the Air that cherisheth our life. Friendly be they. and Vayu. Auspicious be the firmly-seated Mountains. 9 May Adid through holy works be gracioas. May Visnu give felicity. with the Varutris. May we find refuge in the Marut's bosom. The blessing of the true and well-conducted. and make the envier's praise devoid of light. those who dwell in heaven. and both the World-halves round about protect us. 25 May Indra. Visvedevas. 24 To this may both the wide Worlds lend approval. auspicious be Purandhi aid all Riches. with Holy Thoughts. 3 Kind unto us he Maker and Sustainer. the God. o'er all that liveth hath resistless sway. through our prayers aid us: to him our dearest laud is brought. and may Aramati. Gracious be he the swelling Child of Waters. 10 Prosper us Savitar. 15 Accordant with the Gods choose for our Friend the Waters' Child: may he be good to us. 9 Closely albout you lay your heavenly song. may bountiful Tvastar give us store of riches. I form a hymn. the Victors. 17 Ne'er may the Dragon of the Deep harm us: ne'er fail this faithful servant's sacrifice. gracious the Dragon of the Deep. 8 May the far-seeing Sun rise up to bless us: be the four Quarters of the sky auspicious. [07-035] HYMN XXXV. 16 With lauds I sing the Dragon born of floods: he sits beneath the streams in middle air. with Adityas. with blessings. and let the radiant Mornings be propitious. beholds the paths wherein these rivers run. the Liberal Ones who seek us. Sarasvati. the God who rescues. and. and send your voice to where the Gods abide. Mighty. Waters. with fierce attacks of these. and Varuva and Mitra and the Asvins. be gracious. Indra and Pusan be our help in battle. be our refuge. Herbs. and Aryaman in many forms apparent. and Air's mid-region good for us to look on. Indra and Varuna who receive oblations! Indra and Soma give health. so may all Herbs that grow on ground. seeking wealth. impetuous vita blow on us with favour. may Heaven and Earth be friendly. And Earth accordant with the Forest-Sovrans. BEFRIEND us with their aids Indra and Agni. no demon I invoke the Gods: by law completing it. Favour us noble actions of the pious. Varuna. ye Gods. blest be the Sacrifice. be the Healer Rudra. 23 So may rich Mountains and the liberal Waters. 2 Auspicious Friends to us be Bhaga. the Stones for pressing. Mitra. 11 He. Blest be the fixing of the sacred Pillars. Trees accept the praise we offer. the Mountain. with the Dames. blest be the tender Grass and blest the Altar. auspicious be the field's benign Protector. strength and comfort. 1. that we may hold great wealth in firm possession. be friendly. Auspicious unto us be Earth and Heaven. yea. Kind. Auspicious to all creatures be Parjanya.8 Agni. 18 To these our heroes may they grant renown: may pious men march boldly on to wealth. they burn their foes as the Sun burns the earth. and may the Maruts.

May they vouchsafe the singer strength for offspring. O Savitar whose hands are golden. through our ancestral worship. 2 O Asuras. Fill you. 3 For thou. he whom men let not rest at home in quiet. strongly flowing. be this. singing to the dwelling. like food. heavenly-natured. for Surya with his beams hath loosed the cattle. O Varuna and Mitra. 7. at parting treasure whether small or ample. ON high hath Savitar. at our libations to delight you. 3 The movements of the gliding wind come hither: like cows. through hymns. Rbhuksans. Bhaga who looks upon this hymn with favour. Indra wilt thou recognize our praises? May thy strong Steed. Drink. the seventhWith copious milk. whom man must worship. and when. loudly roaring . Filled full are both thine arms with great possessions: thy goodness keeps thee not from granting riches. Preserve us evermore. Savitar. ne'er injured. O Maruts. 9 May this our song of praise reach you. May the Celestial Guardian still attend us. 2 Rise up. Preserve us evermore. aid our devotion and protect our offspring. ye Gods. wise Aryaman who yokes thy dear Bay Horses. O Hero. 6 Coming together. 8 Bring ye the great Aramati before you. Lord of Bay Steeds. full swelling with the volume of their water. Born in the station e'en of lofty heaven the Bull hath loudly bellowed in this region. this God. 5 In their own place of sacrifice adorers worship to gain long life and win his friendship. with thy noble car. 4 May I bring hither with my song. with blessings. fair-helmeted! with mighty Soma. the dearest reverence. Voracious. 8 Promise us gifts. anew I offer. Now. 1. as Vaja and Rbhuksans. 5 Thou winnest swift advancement for thy servant. as our strength. and Adityas accept the new hymn which we now are making. now must Bhaga be invoked by mortals. as 'twere. O Bounteous One. 7 Though Nirrti the Goddess reigneth round him. ye Gods. ye Gods. O Savitar: may riches come unto us in Parvata's full bounty. high-famed. and Agni's flame hath lit the spacious surface. and Visnu guardian of the future infant. the bountiful Purandbi. 1. He hath poured food on men when they have praised him. With three close Friends to length of days he cometh. art used to giving.14 So may the Rudras. Autumns with food in plenty come to Indra. bring food and wealth with heroes to our dwelling. Immortal. paid to Rudra. Lord of Bay Steeds. With lofty ridges earth is far extended. O Indra. and give us bounties for the hymns we sing you. Lord of great riches who distributes treasures. 15 They who of Holy Gods are very holy. [07-037] HYMN XXXVII. and hear this man while sacrifice is offered. and the Cow's offipring hear our invocation. [07-036] HYMN XXXVI. bring you Vajas and Rbhuksans. 2 Ye who behold the light of heaven. O Indra.May these to-day give us broad paths to travel. wilt thou grant us riches? 6 To us thy priests a home. stirreth men to labour. speaking. the springs are filled to overflowing. Vasus. extended the golden lustre which he spreads around him. LET your best-bearing car that must be lauded. 4 Indra. too. with blessings. this hymn to you. May all the Holy Ones of earth and heaven. and. with blessings. at our sacrifices. knowing Law. Preserve us evermore. thrice-mixed. [07-038] HYMN XXXVIII. One of you is a strong unerring Leader. give our rich patrons unmolested riches. with fair streams. <270> . and Pusan as the Hero of the synod.Sarasvati. this day may we Vasisthas offer our prayers to thee and bring oblations. him who defeats the wrath of the malicious. Mother of Floods. thou givest: when. And may the mighty Maruts. thou goest working. Visvedevas 1. which thou hast favoured. glorious. and Mitra. Let not swift-moving Aksara neglect us: they have increased our own appropriate riches. Visvedevas. LET the prayer issue from the seat of Order. For thee with friendly succour have we battled. rejoicing.

their sacred grass is scattered: these go like Kings amid the band around them. erect. wha wanders round us. Aryaman. 8 Deep-skilled in Law eternal. and Vata send us rain. Soma at dawn. Rudra we will invoke at dawn. too. 5 With offerings I propitiate the branches of this swift-moving God. from the earth and heaven. and holy Mitra. Agni. Bring these. Bhaga at dawn. and Aryaman. Bend your way hither. entreated. 6 This may the Lord of Life. dealt from heaven ' may both the Worlds vouchsafe us. O Vajins. while slowly they move. celebrate our worship. Whate'er God Savitar this day produces. Sweet be our lauds to him whose due is worship: may he with all protection guard our princes. and the Maruts. The mighty calls on Bhaga for protection. to our worship. even. sing in concert. ye who travel widely: hear this our envoy who hath gone to meet you. AGNI at dawn. Visvedevas. the serpent. favour. and Varuna and Mitra. At the folks early call on Night and Morning. quickened. rejoicing in God Savitar's incitement: Even he who praise the high imperial Rulers. May they and Ahibudhnya hear our calling: guard us Varutri with the Ekadhenus. BE gathered all the audience of the synod: let us begin their praise whose course is rapid. Preserve us evermore. strong Singers. he. and Brahmanaspati. on Bhaga calls the weak to give him riches. 3 Let Savitar the God he hymned with praises. And Aryaman. O Maruts. and the demons. with blessings. from heaven. May they. Vayu and Bhaga make them ours for ever. May the swift-moving Gods protect and bless us. unsated. 3 Here on their path the noble Gods proceeded: in the wide firmament the Beauteous decked them. Varuna. the bounteous Visnu. make our song supremest. [07-041] HYMN XLI. may we be where the Wealthy One distributes. Pusan. [07-039] HYMN XXXIX Visvedevas. 4 Even he whom Aditi the Goddess praises. Aryaman. Hence Rudra gained his Rudra-strength: O Asvins. bright Deities. from earth. for what Varutri and the Bounteous gave us. May Goddess Aditi assign us riches. come when men desire him. he satisfied. 5 They who come emulous to our oblation. 2 This. and Indra we invoke at dawn. swift the Nisatyas. borne on by spotted coursers. and Aditi.-the wealth which Savitar the God possesses. and Agni. 6 Be not thou angry here. and Pusan with his team. <271> . and Purandhi. ye Gods. and Mitra. 1. Him. Mitra.-Vayu. Indra. be joyful: then go on paths which Gods are wont to travel. 7 Now have both worlds been praised by the Vasisthas. O glowing Pusan. Varuna. Divine and foeless Aditi quickly listens. to these men's hymns. hath shown enriching favour: the flame goes forward to the Gods' assembly. and Visnu. AGNI. May these deliver us unharmed from trouble. grant us. Varuna. bring Mitra. and Agni. 5 Agni. desirous. and holy Mitra. and Varuna. Sarasvati and Agni further. may they completely banish all affliction.Spreading afar thy broad and wide effulgence. ye sought the house that hath celestial viands. and bringing mortal men the food that feeds them. make our song supremest. [07-040] HYMN XL. Mitra. the Kings. Sarasvati be joyful. 7 Bless us the Vajins when we call. whom ye. dispensing bounty. bright Deities. our work have finished. 3 Strong be the man and full of power. and there is none to rob him of his riches. to the Gods' assembly. 1. Like car-borne men the stones their path have chosen: let the priest. Give never-failing ever-conquering riches: with Gods for our allies may we be victors. ye Gods. Bhaga. with blessings. and Agni. Preserve us evermore. all sing glory. Singers. and the Asvins twain. help us in each fray for booty. Drink of this meath. Varuna. Indra. to bless us. 4 This Varuna is guide of Law. 6 Even as the holy wish. 7 Now have both worlds been praised by the Vasisthas. deathless. Bhaga. 4 For they are holy aids at sacrifices: all Gods approach the place of congregation. to whom the Vasus. 1. Crushing the wolf. May they. the gift is offered: may he. 2 Soft to the tread.

with blessings. the Son of Aditi. Unharmed. 5 So. I CALL on Dadhikras. to give you aid.2 We will invoke strong. awaking Dadhikras with adorations. 5 May Bhaga verily be bliss-bestower. O Victor. the great supporter: Thinking of whom. all with might invoke thee: as such be thou our Champion here. vigorous courser. in forefront of the cars. O Agni. Indra. 3 Like babes in arms reposing on their mother. Agni. ye Gods. and rich. well-pleased. Strew sacred grass meet for the solenm service: bright flames that love the Gods have mounted upward. Agni. As strong steeds draw a chariot may they bring us hitherward Bhaga who discovers treasure. and come to the pure place like Dadhikravan. the Asvins. 6 To this our worship may all Dawns incline them. at ease reclining in the rich man's dwelling. The highest might to-day is yours. even the mighty. Preserve us evermore. Pusan. 4 Gladly the Gods have let themselves be honoured. [07-043] HYMN XLIII Visvedevas. and Dawn. rising. let us invoke the sage swift-hearing Asvins. the brown of Varuna ever mindful: may they ward off from us all grief and trouble. May he bestow on us food. [07-042] HYMN XLII Visvedevas. Dadhikras. to the sacrifice we hasten. Let general fire make bright the flame of worship: scorn us not. ye ods. Loud low the Milch-kine swimming in the waters: set be the stones that grace our holy service. and through him. pouring fatness. SING out the pious at your sacrifices to move with adorations Earth and HeavenThe Holy Singers. milking the copious streams of holy Order. O Bhaga. Preserve us evermore. Seating on sacred grass the Goddess Ila. 2 Fair. O Bounteous One. and Agni kindled well. and when the day approaches. glorify it with Indra and the Maruts. the Vasits': come ye. Seated. Or red steeds. Hero-bearing. and of heroes. ye Gods. and let the roar of cloudy heaven surround us. O Bhaga. may we be rich in men and heroes. the Waters. Agni. Bhaga. Bring the Gods hither. like a tree's branches. and give us wealth. 1. and Visnu. part in all directions. 6 Thus hath Vasistha praised victorious Agni. as many as ye are. <272> . one-minded. and Vasus. for the chamber. let the Gods sit upon the grass's summit. Streaming with all abundance. And may we still. [07-044] HYMN XLIV. his way he knoweth. and riches. 4 So may felicity be ours at present. well-placed within the chamber gives to a house like this wealth worth the choosing. Closely allied with Surya and with Morning. Gods! may happiness attend us. with blessings. yearning for wealth that giveth all subsistence. thy ruddy horses. the poor. As such. yea. 2 Let sacrifice proceed like some fleet courser: with one accord lift ye on high the ladles. Bhaga whose gifts are faithful. 5 Accept this sacrifice of ours. Dawn. Agni. and at noontide. is thy long-known path to travel: yoke for the juice tfiy bay. augment our store of kine and horses. and Angirases. Earth. strength. yet the glad Priest near them is left unequalled. in the Gods' assembly. 3 Bhaga our guide. The red. 1. thou of many aspects: turn hitherward Aramati the Holy. 4 Foremost is Dadhikravan. send us wealth among the people: may we be closely knit to thee. 3 They glorify your sacrifice with worship. early-conquering Bhaga. Give me Bhaga. Here on our grass let Night and Dawn be seated: bring longing Varuna and Mitra hither. with blessings. Bhaga. 1. 5 May Dadhikras prepare the way we travel that we may pass along the path of Order. even the King himself says. and taking joy together. the first. Heaven and Earth. and the Light. 4 What time the Guest hath made himself apparent. at sunset be happy in the Deities' loving-kindness. Brahmanaspati. 3 While I am thus arousing Dadhikravan I speak to Agni. 2 When. O Bhaga. 7 May blessed Mornings dawn on us for ever. with wealth of kine. and Surya. I call the Deities' generations. Bhaga. of horses. Adityas. favour this song. Adityas. LET Brahmans and Angirases come forward. Preserve us evermore. whose unmatched devotions.

protect me. and heal all sickness. 2 May the Floods' Offspring. The Wise. Now shall that mightiness of his he lauded: even Surya yields to him in active vigour. armed with sharp-pointed weapons: may he hear our call. 4 Slay us not. [07-049] HYMN XLIX. So let the Vasus grant us strength and vigour. vouchsafe us treasures. pass us uninjured by. Savitar. stainless. with blessings. [07-048] HYMN XLVIII. Vibhus. his arms extend unto the bounds of heaven. to paths of Gods the Goddesses move onward. YE liberal Heroes. with blessings. our protection. and Rbhuksan destroy by turns the wicked foeman's valour. very gracious God. 3 For they rule many tribes with high dominion. 1. ye Gods. O Waters. and Indra dug the path for them to travel. Vibhvan. dug their channels: here let those Waters. They never violate the laws of Indra. praise him whose arms are full. That shall make Indra and the Vasus joyful. with blessings. Goddesses. give us ample room and freedom: be all of you. O Rudra let not thy noose. rich in sweets and dropping fatness. filling the region. Rbhus. 2 He through his lordship thinks on beings of the earth. ye Gods. FORTH from the middle of the flood the Waters-their chief the Sea-flow cleansing. in our families. the Thunderer. 4 Whom Surya with his bright beams hath attracted. 3 May thy bright arrow which. Waters. bast thousand medicines: inflict no evil on our sons or progeny. ye Gods. O Waters. we pious. 3 All-purifying. ye Gods. 1. To Rudra bring these songs. the Bull. In his hand holding much that makes men happy. nor abandon us. 1. May Indra. May your strength. rich in goodly treasures. Waters. Preserve us evermore. on heavenly beings through his high imperial sway. the Conqueror whom none may overcome. never sleeping. Rudra. he whose course is rapid. protect that wave most rich in sweets. 2 May we as Rbhu with your Rbhus conquer strength with our strength. Indra. Preserve us evermore. Vaja. joying in their nature. Deities. one-minded. Come willingly to our doors that gladly welcome thee.May Agni bear us. the Lord of precious wealth. 1. when thou art angry. [07-046] HYMN XLVI. the self-dependent God with swiftlyflying shafts. and easy in their motion. which the pious Made erst the special beverage of Indra. borne by steeds. the Strong and Mighty. [07-047] HYMN XLVII. may he grant us. Preserve us evermore. Present the oil-rich offering to the Rivers. as Vibhus with the Vibhus. and helped by Indra may we quell the foeman. Rudra. Give us trimmed grass and fame among the living. with blessings. 1. [07-045] HYMN XLV. and manifold. 2 Golden. bright. sublime. as ye come to meet us. May he. bestow on us the food that feedeth mortals. flieth upon the earth. Preserve us evermore. May Vaja aid us in the fight for booty. Thou. Vajas and Rbhuksans. seize us. High vital strength. shot down by thee from heaven. come hither. MAY the God Savitar. and the Heavenly Army: hear us all Mighty Ones whom none deceiveth. whose bow is firm and strong. 3 May this God Savitar. <273> . 4 These songs praise Savitar whose tongue is pleasant.. This may we gain from you to-day. whose hands are lovely. come and delight you with our flowing Soma. turn hitherward your car that brings men profit. MAY we obtain this day from you. advancing his far-spreading lustre. and conquer all their foes in close encounter. May these Streams give us ample room and freedom. 4 Now. that wave of pure refreshment. lulling to slumber and arousing creatures.

1. punish. Aryaman. 2 Protector of the Home. all the Adityas. speeding to the Ocean. Preserve us evermore. Goddesses. great Parents of the Gods. Bright. have sages of ancient time. here let those Waters. protect us. nor do the thing that ye. Let us not suffer for another's trespass. guard and protect me here: let not that come to me which nests within and swells. To them. with blessings. the valleys. I drive afar the scorpion hateful to the sight: let not the winding worm touch me and wound my foot. the Mighty. Mitra. 2 Eruption that appears upon the twofold joints. Goddesses. O Earth and Heaven. and prosper thou quadrupeds and bipeds. may we win Varuna and Mitra. They into whom Vaisvanara Agni entered. O MITRA-VARUNA. So may our Father who is great and holy. [07-050] HYMN L. ye Gods. to make us free and sinless. be pleased to grant it. 1. [07-052] HYMN LII. O Indu. the purifying. to show favour. Preserve us evermore. being. with the Celestial People. ye Vasus. protect me. Come. 2 May Varuna and Mitra grant this blessing. Heaven and Earth. May the refulgent Agni banish far away let not the winding worm touch me and wound my foot. giving ear. he who discriminates men's truth and falsehoodDistilling meath. Various Deities. Adityas. MAY we be free from every bond. [07-054] HYMN LIV. [07-051] HYMN LI. the channels full of water. lauded. ye Gods. may all the rivers keep us free from Simida. and Agni. 1. <274> . and the waterlessMay those who swell with water. grant this favour. hither to us. those the Two Parents. Heaven and Earth. Adityas! a castle among Gods and men. protect Me. Adityas. that which the plants produce. gracious Goddesses. 2 Let Aditi rejoice and the Adityas. May they. Vastospati. Heaven and Earth. and. 3 The poison that is formed upon the Salmali. 3 Yea. most righteous. Goddesses. with blessings. imploring riches from Savitar the God. never afflict us with the Sipada disease. 3 All Universal Deities.2 Waters which come from heaven. Varuna. O Vasus. All this may all the Gods banish and drive away: let not the winding worm touch me and wound my foot. 2 With newest hymns set in the seat of Order. [07-053] HYMN LIII. 4 They from whom Varuna the King. AS priest with solemn rites and adorations I worship Heaven and Earth. May they. accordant. here let those Waters. born before all others. yea. for strong is your protection. Winning. and the Asvins. 1. Whate'er we ask of thee. through their most recent succour may we conquer. protect me. and all the Deities drink strength and vigour. O Guardian of the Homestead: bring no disease. that which is found in streams. be our promoter: increase our wealth in kine and steeds. singing. the bright. 1 THROUGH the Adityas' most auspicious shelter. Indra. ye hold in your possession full many a treasure for the liberal giver. obtained them. the Maruts. and that which overspreads the ankles and the knees. or flowing free by nature. establish this sacrifice. here let those Waters. or those that wander dug from the earth. drink this day our Soma. 3 Those amid whom goes Varuna the Sovran. ACKNOWLEDGE us. 4 The steep declivities. 3 The ever-prompt Angirases. and all the Gods. assigned precedence. purifying. and. the Guardians of the world. and Soma. and the heights. Grant us that wealth which comes in free abundance. shelter to our seed and offspring. our Guardians. the High and Holy. and give us happy entrance. may we be. and all the Rbhus.

while they deck them like youths spectators of a festal meeting. strong with varied power. loudly calls you. who rises up from out the sea. the pure. Guardian of the Dwelling! Protect our happiness in rest and labour. the pure. rest upon your shoulders. roaring like the wind. be this band of Heroes. are your oblations: to you. ye Gods. the Law's observers. Ye Vasus. O Maruts. O bright Son of Sarama. wealth which no man uho hateth us may injure. The matrons with their odorous sweetsthese. 6 Most bright in splendour. Let all the kinsmen sleep. Wno are these radiant men in serried rank. potent. their forms. Vastospati. conquering Maruts. 14 Wide in the depth of air spread forth your glories. 13 Your rings. pure yourselves. we invoke. 16 The Maruts. and chains of gold are twined upon your bosoms. the man who walks. 8 The women sleeping in the court. and let not your displeasure reach us here 10 Your dear names. be the band. ornaments made of gold. and sanctifying. 12 Pure. far. Far be your bolt that slayeth men and cattle. with hymns invokes you. free from duplicity. VASTOSPATI. 8 Bright is your spirit. 9 Ever avert your blazing shaft from us. sleep dog and master of the house. even as we closely shut this house. through the Maruts. Maruts. 5 Ever victorious. with blessings. flectest on their way. thou showest. ye bear your titles. He. 3 They strew each other with their blasts. go thou to steep. wrathful are your minds: your bold troop's minstrel is like one inspired. retrace thy way: bark at the robber and the thief. like frisking calves. By Law they came to truth. and strength with mightier strength they break and humble <275> . sleep all the people who are round about. close-knit to glory. 3 Sarama's Son. lying without. let the father sleep. nursing manly strength. 4 A sage was he who knew these mysteries.By him the Strong and Mighty One we lull and make the people sleep. 17 So may the Maruts help us and be gracious. pure sacrifice I offer. 3 Through thy dear fellowship that bringeth welfare. Of these we closely shut the eyes.May we be ever-youthful in thy friendship: be pleased in us as in his sons a father. 18 The priest. Vouchsafe us quickly wealth with noble heroes. when seated. about the dwelling. Gleaming with drops of rain. what in her udder mighty Prsni bore. impetuous in their haste. with the Maruts. know each other's birth. may we be victors. after your wont ye whirl about your weapons. with oblations: to you. They gleam like lances' points within thy mouth when thou wouldst bite. Preserve us evermore. 1. ye regard the praise recited here at this mighty singer invocation. 1. At Indra's singers barkest thou? Why dust thou seek to terrify us? Go to sleep. Maruts. most adorable. calling aloud till we are satisfied. [07-055] HYMN LV. we lull to sleep. Maruts. these Hawks: they strove together. mighty is your power and firm your strength: so. 7 Yea. 7 The Bull who hath a thousand horns. bringing free room to lovely Earth and Heaven. or stretched on beds. who killest all disease and wearest every form. Maruts. fleet as coursers. they deck themselves. 6 The man who sits. 15 If. Linger. 19 These Maruts bring the swift man to a stand-still. Be an auspicious Friend to us. like lightning-flashes. and pure. [07-056] HYMN LVI. one and all. and let the boar beware of thee. 4 Be on thy guard against the boar. Bulls! who hath so much in his possession. like beauteous colts. 11 Well-armed. accept this thousandfold allotment of household sacrifice and household treasure. turn yourselves to us with blessings. these who pour down the water. Maruts. praising in song your universal bounty. tawny-hued! thy teeth. Rudra's young heroes borne by noble steeds? 2 Verily no one knoweth whence they sprang: they. 5 Sleep mother. bright by their birth. 2 When. and whosoever looks on us. and they only. At Indra's singers barkest thou? Why dost thou seek to terrify us? Go to sleep.

that we implore the Swift Ones to forgive us. YEA. ye Maruts. and Plants. the Mighty. O Deities. O Maruts. [07-058] HYMN LVIII. 3 No others gleam so brightly as these Maruts with their own forms. Then. to share the banquet. 4 Far from us be your blazing dart. this day. the charger. 1. O ye Holy. 22 What time the men in fury rush together for running streams. They cause even spacious heaven and earth to tremble. Maruts. nor. Preserve us evermore. keep those who hate us at a distance. They make the world-halves tremble with their greatness: from depths of earth and sky they reach to heaven. ye Gods. O Maruts. through the power of your sweet juice. ye who spring from Rudra. of themselves. [07-059] HYMN LIX. the Sons of bounteous Rudra: will not the Maruts turn again to us-ward? What secret sin or open stirs their anger. with all your succours. with blessings. car-borne Lords! be hitidmost when ye deal it. ye Gods. gains the booty. WHOMSO ye rescue here and there. may we lose your bounty. whomso ye guide. be the vigorous Hero. they heighten. with blessings. 6 This eulogy of the Bounteous hath been spoken: accept. lle strong man. May we find shelter in the Marut's bosom. the genuine wealth that. 23 Full many a deed ye did for our forefathers worthy of lauds which. The Sovran whom ye aid destroys the foeman. was with wild commotion. O ye Maruts. Let us not he exposed to that. 2 Yea. with all felicity come to our princes. Preserve us evermore. the purifying. 5 May even what we have done delight the Maruts. Further us. Maruts. the Mighty Company of celestial nature. with blessings. decking earth and heaven. 4 Your favoured singer counts his wealth by hundreds: the strong steed whom ye favour wins a thousand. the strong Sustainer. praised. ye Holy! May your most loving favour still attend us. the blameless Ones. Drive to a distance. 6 And may the Maruts. Seat you on sacred grass in our assembly. be our protectors in the strife with foemen. sin against you. 25 May Indra. 1. praised by all their titles. they make the spring flow when they come. [07-057] HYMN LVII. As the way travelled helpeth people onward. 7 Hither. ye Holy! the Marut host is glad at sacrifices. 5 I call. your birth. Varuna and Agni.These guard the singer from the man who hates him and lay their sore displeasure on the wicked. Maruts. enjoy the taste of our oblations. Ye all-surpassing in your might and vigour. May this your gift. this our hymn of praises. Mitra. they sang you. with the Maruts. 1. Preserve us evermore. their weapons. With whom to fair lands we may cross the waters. with friendly minds. the bright. the darkness: give us full store of children and descendants. ye Maruts. ye Gods. be distinguished. fierce in wrath. ye who move swiftly. their common splendour. and Trees accept our praises. terrific. SING to the troop that pours down rain in common. With all adornments. ye Shakers. and for houses. promoters of the thought of him who worships. 21 Never. each looker on the light fears at your coming. as such. 3 Give ample vital power unto our princes let our fair praises gratify the Maruts. Ye Bulls. Waters. O ye Bulls. their golden gauds. Bulls! is your possession. 2 The Maruts watch the man who sings their praises. Give us of Amrta for the sake of offspring: awake the excellent fair stores of riches. with your kindness: advance us mightily that we may prosper. Give us a share in that delightful treasure. <276> . so further us with your delightful succours. 24 Ours. even of old. a hundredfold increase us. and dwell in our own home with you beside us. when we. Who. with the Maruts. the Lord Divine of men. 20 These Maruts rouse even the poor and needy: the Vasus love him as an active champion. O ye Maruts. for bright show. for pastures. Heroes. wins in battle. Maruts. through human frailty.

May he be tangled in the toils of mischief. arising sinless. the man whose wrath is hard to master. O Sun. accordant. 4 Your succour in the battle injures not the man to whom ye. 12 Tryambaka we worship. of all that moveth. are the chastisers of all guile and falsehood. May your most recent favour turn to us again. Granting him sons and lineal succession. these. with eyes that close not. O ye whose bounties give you joy. Yours. Agni. Even in the river's bed there is a shallow. [07-060] HYMN LX. Heroes! we cry trembling in fear before you. on some auspicious day. ye Maruts. ye consuming Gods. so may I be released from death. Aditi's Sons. with blessings. Heroes. 8 When Aditi and Varuna and Mitra. ye Sages with your sunbright skins I dedicate your sacrifice. Gods. 5 For these. ye Maruts. 8 Maruts. 9 O Maruts. Friends of all. 2 Looking on man. with Svaha. As from its stem the cucumber. O Vasus. 11 Here. he who would slay us ere we think. To help us. the worshipper subdues his foes. Maruts. Preserve us evermore. stay not far away. ye Mighty. be graciously inclined to give the wealth for which we long. dropping oil and fatness. These offerings are for you. grant your gifts. 3 Vasistha will not overlook the lowliest one among you all. moreover. 6 Sit on our sacred grass. Aryaman save us us all those who hate us: give room and freedom to Sudas. O Aditi. 3 He from their home hath yoked the Seven gold Coursers who. Bounteous Ones. Convey us safely over every peril. 12 This priestly task. yea. O Varuna and Mitra. Come quickly. even in the greatness of your power have mercy. That ye may help us. And. 7 They ever vigilant. come. Mitra-Varuna. and thou Aryaman. even here. 1. Self-strong Maruts. Maruts. Mitra. this Sun ascendeth up by both the pathways. O Aryaman. not reft of immortality. while we are singing. Varuna whom none deceiveth. Aryaman. and thou. Mitra. like guardians. 2 Through your kind favour. Varuna. give Sudas their friendly shelter. that he may gain him strength and highest riches. shalt speak the truth to Varuna and Mitra. infallible and mighty. 7 Decking the beauty of their forms in secret the Swans with purple backs have flown down hither. ye Gods. Varuna and Mitra. <277> . Around me all the Company hath settled. with great power quicken even the fool to wisdom. 4 Your coursers rich in store of sweets have mounted: to the bright ocean Surya hath ascended. have waxen in the home of law Eternal. That man increases home and strengthening ample food who brings you offerings as ye list. ye who fain would drink. thoughtful insight. caring for heaven and earth. Mitra. Varuna and Mitra. 11 He who wins favour for his prayer by worship. beholding good and evil acts of mortals. even Aryaman. That good man's mind the Mighty Ones will follow: they have brought comfort to his spacious dwelling. Guardian of all things fixt. Gods! Varuna and Mitra! hath been performed for you at sacrifices. like joyous Heroes glad in our libation. may all the Deities love us. carry Surya. ye who slay the foe. smite ye him down with your most flaming weapon. 10 Sharers of household sacrifice. These. in sweet Soma juice. of our Soma juice effused to-day drink all of you with eager haste. let us not. 6 These. O Maruts. WHEN thou. this day. Varuna.To him give shelter. bold ones! move the Gods to anger. lead it by easy paths o'er grief and trouble. 5 Come hitherward to drink the juice. Go not to any place but this. 9 May he with ofierings purify the altar from any stains of Varuna's reviler. 10 Hid from our eyes is their resplendent meeting: by their mysterious might they hold dominion. enjoy this offering brought for you. lead on the thoughtless. wakening. To take delight. across this broad expanse may they conduct us. he surveyeth the worlds and living creatures like a herdsman. For whom the Adityas make his pathway ready. sweet augmenter of prosperity. I present.

6 I will exalt your sacrifice with homage: as priest. Lofty Ones! your nobIy-born descendants. who rolled up darkness like a piece of leather. May we find paths all fair and good to travel. far-seeing. 1. is my chief joy and pleasure. with blessings. 1. sapient Gods. the eye of Varuna and Mitra. Lords of Rivers. I. Heroless pass the months of the ungodly he who loves sacrifice makes his home enduring. Mitra-Varuna. restless as the billow. 6 Now Mitra. and Varuna. and Aryaman. with fleet dappled horses. Mitra-Varuna. 2 Surya's great ensign. harnessed to the car-pole. 1. O Varuna and Mitra from the great lofty heaven. he in Whom singers take delight ascendeth. May these new hymns and prayers that I have fashioned delight you to the profit of the singer. Have in the fields and houses set your warder-. in heaven and earth. for us and for our children. through these our praises. the region. the Bright Ones. SURYA hath sent aloft his beams of splendour o'er all the tribes of men in countless places. Aryaman vouchsafe us freedom and room. 6 Now Mitra. Bounteous Givers. who breaketh not the universal statute. Ye Youthful. ye favour so that ye fill. renowned afar. and high-born Aryaman accept our presents. 1. the dearest Friend of mortals. grant us all our wishes. COMMON to all mankind. he hasteth on resplendent. [07-064] HYMN LXIV. and Mitra. O Mitra-Varuna.[07-061] HYMN LXI. 3 From the wide earth. May we find paths all fair and good to travel. these mine invocations. which Etasa. God.He whose devotions. 5 Stretch forth your arms and let our lives be lengthened: with fatness dew the pastures of our cattle. Varuna. Let us not anger Varuna. directeth his hymns to you. 5 Steers. nor Vayu. This Savitar. Mitra. 3 Refulgent from the bosom of the Mornings. Mitra-Varuna. 2 So hast thou mounted up before us. 2 Kings. Mitra-Varuna. preserve us. Men. with blessings. Preserve us evermore. 4 O undivided Heaven and Earth. inspirited by Surya speed to their aims and do the work assigned them. and Mitra send down their riches upon us in thousands. [07-063] HYMN LXIII. no worship. is advancing: Onward he still would roll the wheel well-rounded. 4 Golden. Convey us safely over every peril. ye Princes. Gods! Varuna and Mitra! hath been performed for you at sacrifices. ye Gods. Varuna. is mounting upward. With homage and oblations will we serve you. Surya spreading the beauteous light of you Twain Gods ariseth. who visit every spot and watch unceasing. us. all infallible are these your people in whom no wondrous thing is seen. keeps both worlds asunder. 5 Where the irrunortals have prepared his pathway he flieth through the region like a falcon. Mitra-Varuna. and. [07-062] HYMN LXII. Varuna. when we laud them. O VARUNA and Mitra. he who beholdeth all. with power his autumns. Preserve us evermore. 2 The holy sage. Mitra-Varuna. formed by his Makers well with power and wisdom. May the imperial Varuna. with blessings. The God. May they. auspicious Surya. 4 I praise the strength of Varuna and Mitra that strength. for us and for our children. and Agni. 3 May holy Agni. invoke you. verily. <278> . Surya. ye Gods. make us famed among the people: hear. that urgeth men to action. He who beholdetb all existing creatures observetb well the zeal that is in mortals. Aryaman vouchsafe us freedom and room. Together with the heaven he shines apparent. YE Twain who rule. from the heaven he riseth: far is his goal. Preserve us evermore. nor him. by mightiness. as 'twere. 7 This priestly task. ye Gods. guards of rrtighty everlasting Order. make our praise-song perfect. O Varuna and Mitra. Declare us free from all offence to Mitra. come hitherward. when the Sun hath risen. clothed be your clouds in robes of oil and fatness. Guile follows close the men who are untruthful: no secrets may be hidden from your knowledge. ye. moveth.

Mitra. 13 True to Law. and Savitar sendus forth. haters of the false. Mitra-Varuna. 3 Bonds of the sinner. They who direct the three great gatherings with their thoughts. God Varuna. sacrifice and holy verse. wherever Heaven and Earth and days may bless us. The Kings who rule a vast domain. born in Law the strengtheners of Law. whose statute is inviolate. O Mitra-Varuna. Preserve us evermore. Brahmans. terrible. Favour our songs of praise. And Aryarnan who slays the foe. Favour our songs of praise. taste our offering. Guardians of our homes and us. Varuna-Mitra. [07-065] HYMN LXV. comes with good heed at each man's supplication. ye Gods. gain the sacrifice. may your path of Order bear us o'er trouble as a boat o'er waters. May. Preserve us evermore. 4 Come. with blessings. on the way. we. LET our strong hymn of praise go forth. Aryaman deserve: ye are the charioteers of Law. Who bear us safely o'er distress. Mitra. O Varuna and Mitra. WITH hymns I call you. 4 Him who hath wrought for you this car in spirit. With homage to that high-born Pair. and Varuna and Mitra conduct us by the most effective pathways. In their felicity which gives the best defence may we men and our princes dwell. Varuna. with Agni for their tongue. ye Gods. Mitra. 1. That foes may say unto Sudas our chieftain. 1. when the Sun hath risen. Aryarnan. Pour down in plenty here upon the people the choicest of your fair celestial water. the Kings.Send us from heaven. Whose Power Divine. 9 May we be thine. <279> . is offered. fulfil The thoughts of those who sing your praise. that marvel that attracts die sight As swift celestial Etasa bears it away. night. whom the gods ordained For lordship. ye who pour down your bounties. yea. they bear many nooses: the wicked mortal hardly may escape them. and Varuna whose thoughts are holy. both of you. Even as Varuna. 10 Many are they who strengthen Law. the Sons of Daksa. Bhaga. Varuna nd Mitra ye Kings. Varuna and Mitra. Aditi. have won dominion which none else may gain. our lands exceeding fruitful. 14 Uprises. and with our princes. the laud of Mitra-Varuna. to you. 3 Such. 8 With wealth of gold may this my song bring unmolested power and might. 4 So when the Sun hath risen to-day. wake thought and spirit. 5 To you this laud. 2 The Two exceeding wise. 5 May this our home be guarded well forward. prepared for every eye to see. with blessings. Varuna and Mitra: bedew our pasture wil sweet food and fatness. 2 For they are Asuras of Gods. Food and Heaven's light will we obtain. 5 To you this laud. the friendly make. Aryaman. too. 11 They who have stablished year and month and then the day. 6. to Mitra-Varuna. I sing. excellently great. thine. [07-066] HYMN LXVI Mitra-Varuna. wake thought and spirit. 12 So at the rising of the Sun we think of you with hymns to-day. rain and sweet food. And. on the slope of heaven. ye Bounteous. joy in food with Gods to guard us. Sun-eyed. Bedew with fatness. make glad the pleasant dwelling-places. may sinless Mitra. And those Self-reigning. all things with surpassing might. O Varuna and Mitra. who makes the song rise upward and sustains it. 3 May the dear God. like bright Soma juice to Vayu. O Varuna and Mitra is offered like bright Soma juice to Vayu. Mitra. May we obtain you. 7 Soon as the Sun hath risen. supreme and everlasting.

O Youthful Twain. 10 Now hear. ye Princes. Vouchsafe us all high spirit in the combat. mine invocation: come. May we have genial vigour. 3 With hymns the deft priest is about you. Eastward is seen the Banner of the Morning. 2 Brightly hath Agni shone by us enkindled: the limits even of darkness were apparent.15 Lord of each single head. Your horse delivered him. and listened when invoked to Sayu's calling. [07-068] HYMN LXVIII. to the banquet that awaits you. combining wealth in kine with wealth in herses. intention. laden with treasure. and with your powers. Varuna. Come unto us with spirits free from anger. in the middle of the ocean. which all may gain. come hither. 5 The nourishment ye have is. Gods. Vouchsafe us wealth. ne'er to fail us. 7 Lovers of Sweetness. ye swift movers. Mitra. O ye whose wealth is Surya. 6 Favour us in these prayers of ours. on car that finds the light. upraised. strong in children and descendants. Asvins. o'er the Seven Rivers hath your chariot travelled. Who being dear to you. the Gods' adorer. Let the priest bring you. 17 Infallible through your wisdom. we have brought this treasure to you as 'twere an envoy sent for friendship. Nasatyas. Asvins. 19 Come. sounds forth for you as Soma-presser. your faithful servant. 8 With one. beareth you swift as thought across the regions. to its fulfilment my never-wearied prayer that asks for riches. I WITH a holy heart that brings oblation will sing forth praise to meet your car. truly. So may we. with blessings. Hitherward let your vigorous horses bear you: drink ye with us the well-pressed Soma juices. Much-desired! hath wakened as your envoy. of fixt and moving things. to the Soma draught. accept. <280> . arise A hundred autumns may we live. Asvins. 4 When. resplendent Varuna. wondrous: ye gave thereof a quickening store to Atri. our sacrificial gift: Drink Soma. Asvins. suppliant for your help. Heroes. O Asvins. through oblations. Preserve us evermore. And Mitra. 1. 18 Come as the laws of Heaven ordain. O Asvins. go. to bring us wealth and happiness. receives your favour. in homes of men enjoying our oblation. Pass by the calling of our foe and bear us. the eloquent priest attends you now. 9 Exhaustless be your bounty to our princes who with their wealth incite the gift of riches. wealthy. ye who strengthen Law. I call you hither as a son his parents. Varuna. COME. 16 A hundred autumns may we see that bright Eye. assist us. with your noble horses: accept your servant's hymns. ye gave Cyavana. Fair Ones. [07-067] HYMN LXVII. equally through the whole expanse. God-ordained. ye Gods. Yoked by the Gods. 2 The gladdening juices stand prepared before you: come quickly and partake of mine oblation. Come by the paths that ye are wont to travel. 7 What time his wicked friends abandoned Bhujyu. Speeding to us. to the home where food aboundeth. do honour to our nobles. Lovers of Sweetness! I seeking wealth call you to our libation. 6 That gift. ye Wonder-Workers: Enjoy oblations which we bring to greet you. radiant Asvins. the same. the Banner born to give Heaven's Daughter glory. 5 Bring forward. Asvins. 8 Ye lent your aid to Vrka when exhausted. your strong steeds never weary while speeding forward at the pole they bear you. 3 Your chariot with a hundred aids. 4 What time this stone of yours. Who further friendship with their noble natures. When ye bestowed on him enduring beauty. Which. Mitra. O Asvins. void of guile: Press near and drink the Soma juice. who offered you oblations. 1. O Lords of Power. The Seven sister Bays bear Surya on his car. when he grew old.

Ye made the cow pour forth her milk like water, and, Asvins, strengthened with your strength the
barren.
9 With his fair hymns this singer, too, extols you, waking with glad thoughts at the break of morning.
May the cow nourish him with milk to feed llim. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with blessings.
[07-069] HYMN LXIX. Asvins.
1. MAY your gold chariot, drawn by vigorous horses, come to us, blocking up the earth
and heaven,
Bright with its fellies while its way drops fatness, food-laden, rich in coursers, man's protector.
2 Let it approach, yoked by thewill, three-seated, extending far and wide o'er fivefold beings,
Whereon ye visit God-adoring races, bending your course whither ye will, O Asvins.
3 Renowned, with noble horses, come ye hither: drink, Wondrous Pair, the cup that holds sweet
juices.
Your car whereon your Spouse is wont to travel marks with its track the farthest ends of heaven.
4 When night was turning to the grey of morning the Maiden, Surya's Daughter, chose your
splendour.
When with your power and might ye aid the pious he comes through heat to life by your assistance.
5 O Chariot-borne, this car of yours invested with rays of light comes harnessed to our dwelling.
Herewith, O Asvins, while the dawn is breaking, to this our sacrifice bring peace and blessing.
6 Like the wild cattle thirsty for the lightning, Heroes, come nigh this day to our libations.
Men call on you with hymns in many places, but let not other worshippers detain you.
7 Bhujyu, abandoned in the midst of ocean, ye raised from out the water with your horses,
Uninjured, winged, flagging not, undaunted, with deeds of wonder saving him, O Asvins.
8 Now hear, O Youthful Twain, mine invocation: come, Asvins, to the home where food aboundeth.
Vouchsafe us wealth, do honour to our nobles. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with blessings.
[07-070] HYMN LXX. Asvins.
1. RICH in all blessings, Asvins come ye hither: this place on earth is called your own possession,
Like a strong horse with a fair back it standeth, whereon, as in a lap, ye seat you firmly.
2 This most delightful eulogy awaits you in the man's house drink-offering hath been heated,
Which bringeth you over the seas and rivers, yoking as'twere two well-matched shining horses.
3 Whatever dwellings ye possess, O Asvins, in fields of men or in the streams of heaven,
Resting upon the summit of the mountain, or bringing food to him who gives oblation,
4 Delight yourselves, ye Gods, in plants and waters when Rsis give them and ye find they suit You.
Enriching us with treasures in abundance ye have looked back to former generations.
5 Asvins, though ye have heard them oft aforetime, regard the many prayers which Rsis offer.
Come to the man even as his heart desireth: may we enjoy your most delightful favour.
6 Come to the sacrifice offered you, Nasatyas, with men, oblations, and prayer duly uttered.
Come to Vasistha as his heart desireth, for unto you these holy hymns are chanted.
7 This is the thought, this is the song, O Asvins: accept this hymn of ours, ye Steers, with favour.
May these our prayers addressed to you come nigh you. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with
blessings.
[07-071] HYMN LXXI. Asvins.
1. THE Night retireth from the Dawn her Sister; the Dark one yieldeth to the Red her pathway.
Let us invoke you rich in steeds and cattle - by day and night keep far from us the arrow.
2 Bearing rich treasure in your car, O Asvins, come to the mortal who presents oblation.
Keep at a distance penury and sickness; Lovers of Sweetness, day and night preserve us.
3 May your strong horses, seeking bliss, bring hither your chariot at the earliest flush of morning.
With coursers yoked by Law drive hither, Asvins, your car whose reins are light, laden with treasure.
4 The chariot, Princes, that conveys you, moving at daylight, triple-seated, fraught with riches,

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Even with this come unto us, Nasatyas, that laden with all food it may approach us.
5 Ye freed Cyavana from old age and weakness: ye brought the courser fleet of food to Pedu.
Ye rescued Atri from distress and darkness, and loosed for Jahusa the bonds that bound him.
6 This is the thought, this is the song, O Asvins: accept this hymn of ours, ye Steers, With favour.
May these our prayers addressed to you come nigh you. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with
blessings.
[07-072] HYMN LXXII. Asvins.
1. COME, O Nasatyas, on your car resplendent, rich in abundant wealth of kine and horses.
As harnessed steeds, all our laudations follow you whose forms shine with most delightful beauty.
2 Come with the Gods associate, come ye hither to us, Nasatyas, with your car accordant.
'Twixt you and us there is ancestral friendship and common kin: remember and regard it.
3 Awakened are the songs that praise the Asvins, the kindred prayers and the Celestial Mornings.
Inviting those we long for, Earth and Heaven, the singer calleth these Nasatyas hither.
4 What time the Dawns break forth in light, O Asvins, to you the poets offer their devotions.
God Savitar hath sent aloft his splendour, and fires sing praises with the kindled fuel.
5 Come from the west, come from the cast, Nasatyas, come, Asvins, from below and from above us.
Bring wealth from all sides for the Fivefold People. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with blessings.
[07-073] HYMN LXXIII. Asvins.
1. WE have o'erpassed the limit of this darkness while, worshipping the Gods, we sang their praises.
The song invoketh both Immortal Asvins far-reaching, born of old, great WonderWorkers.
2 And, O Nasatyas, man's dear Priest is seated, who brings to sacrifice and offers worship,
Be near and taste the pleasant juice, O Asvins: with food, I call you to the sacrifices.
3 We choosing you, have let our worship follow its course: ye Steers, accept this hymn with favour.
Obeying you as your appointed servant, Vasistha singing hath with lauds aroused you.
4 And these Two Priests come nigh unto our people, united, demon-slayers, mighty-handed.
The juices that exhilarate are mingled. Injure us not, but come with happy fortune.
5 Come from the west, come from the cast, Nasatyas, come, Asvins, from below and from above us.
Bring wealth from all sides for the Fivefold People. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with blessings.
[07-074] HYMN I.XXIV. Asvins.
1. THESE morning sacrifices call you, Asvins, at the break of day.
For help have I invoked you rich in power and might: for, house by house ye visit all.
2 O Heroes, ye bestow wonderful nourishment. send it to him whose songs are sweet
Accordant, both of you, drive your car down to us, and drink the savoury Soma juice.
3 Approach ye and be near to us. drink, O ye Asvins, of the meath.
Draw forth the milk, ye Mighty, rich in genuine wealth: injure us not, and come to us.
4 The horses that convey you in their rapid flight down to the worshipper's abode,
With these your speedy coursers, Heroes, Asvins, come, ye Gods, come well-inclined to us.
5 Yea, verily, our princes seek the Asvins in pursuit of food.
These shall give lasting glory to our liberal lords, and, both Nasatyas, shelter us.
6 Those who have led the way, like cars, offending none, those who are guardians of the menAlso through their own might the heroes have grown strong, and dwell in safe and happy homes.
[07-075] HYMN LXXV. Dawn.
1. BORN in the heavens the Dawn hath flushed, and showing her majesty is come as Law ordaineth.
She hath uncovered fiends and hateful darkness; best of Angirases, hath waked the pathways.
2 Rouse us this day to high and happy fortune: to great felicity, O Dawn, promote us.
Vouchsafe us manifold and splendid riches, famed among mortals, man-befriending Goddess!

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3 See, lovely Morning's everlasting splendours, bright with their varied colours, have approached us.
Filling the region of mid-air, producing the rites of holy worship, they have mounted.
4 She yokes her chariot far away, and swiftly visits the lands where the Five Tribes are settled,
Looking upon the works and ways of mortals, Daughter of Heaven, the world's Imperial Lady.
5 She who is rich in spoil, the Spouse of Surya, wondrously opulent, rules all wealth and treasures.
Consumer of our youth, the seers extol her: lauded by priests rich Dawn shines out refulgent.
6 Apparent are the steeds of varied colour, the red steeds carrying resplendent Morning.
On her all-lovely car she comes, the Fair One, and brings rich treasure for her faithful servant.
7 True with the True and Mighty with the Mighty, with Gods a Goddess, Holy with the Holy,
She brake strong fences down and gave the cattle: the kine were lowing as they greeted Morning.
8 O Dawn, now give us wealth in kine and heroes, and horses, fraught with manifold enjoyment.
Protect our sacred grass from man's reproaches. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with blessings.
[07-076] HYMN LXXVI. Dawn.
1. SAVITAR God of all men hath sent upward his light, designed for all mankind, immortal.
Through the Gods' power that Eye was first created. Dawn hath made all the universe apparent.
2 I see the paths which Gods are wont to travel, innocuous paths made ready by the Vasus.
Eastward the flag of Dawn hath been uplifted; she hath come hither o'er the tops of houses.
3 Great is, in truth, the number of the Mornings which were aforetime at the Sun's uprising.
Since thou, O Dawn, hast been beheld repairing as to thy love, as one no more to leave him.
4 They were the Gods' companions at the banquet, the ancient sages true to Law Eternal.
The Fathers found the light that lay in darkness, and with effectual words begat the Morning.
5 Meeting together in the same enclosure, they strive not, ofone mind, one with another.
They never break the Gods' eternal statutes, and injure none, in rivalry with Vasus.
6 Extolling thee, Blest Goddess, the Vasisthas, awake at early mom, with lauds implore thee.
Leader of kine and Queen of all that strengthens, shine, come as first to us, O high-born Morning.
7 She bringeth bounty and sweet charm of voices. The flushing Dawn is sung by the Vasisthas,
Giving us riches famed to distant places. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with blessings.
[07-077] HYMN LXXVIT. Dawn.
1. SHE hath shone brightly like a youthful woman, stirring to motion every living creature.
Agni hath come to feed on mortal? fuel. She hath made light and chased away the darkness.
2 Turned to this All, far-spreading, she hath risen and shone in brightness with white robes about
her.
She hath beamed forth lovely with golden colours, Mother of kine, Guide of the days she bringeth.
3 Bearing the Gods' own Eye, auspicious Lady, leading her Courser white and fair to look on,
Distinguished by her bean-is Dawn shines apparent, come forth to all the world with wondrous
treasure.
4 Draw nigh with wealth and dawn away the foeman: prepare for us wide pasture free from danger.
Drive away those who hate us, bring us riches: pour bounty, opulent Lady, on the singer.
5 Send thy most excellent beams to shine and light us, giving us lengthened days, O Dawn, O
Goddess,
Granting us food, thou who hast all things precious, and bounty rich in chariots, kine, and horses.
6 O Usas, nobly-born, Daughter of Heaven, whom the Vasisthas with their hymns make mighty,
Bestow thou on us vast and glorious riches. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with blessings.
[07-078] HYMN LXXVIII. Dawn.
1. WE have beheld her earliest lights approaching: her many glories part, on high, asunder.
On car sublime, refulgent, wending hither, O Usas, bring the Wealth that makes us happy.
2 The fire well-kindIed sings aloud to greet her, and with their hymns the priests are chaming
welcome.

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Usas approaches in her splendour, driving all evil darkness far away, the Goddess.
3 Apparent eastward are those lights of Morning, sending out lustre, as they rise, around them.
She hath brought forth Sun, sacrifice, and Agni, and far away hath fled detested darkness.
4 Rich Daughter of the Sky, we all behold her, yea, all men look on Dawn as she is breaking.
fler car that moves self-harnessed hath she mounted, the car drawn onward by her well-yoked
horses.
5 Inspired with loving thoughts this day to greet thee, we and our wealthy nobles have awakened.
Show yourselves fruitful, Dawns, as ye are rising. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with blessings.
[07-079] HYMN LXXIX. Dawn.
1. ROUSING the lands where men's Five Tribes are settled, Dawn hath disclosed the pathways of the
people.
She hath sent out her sheen with beauteous oxen. The Sun with light hath opened earth and heaven.
2 They paint their bright rays on the sky's far limits. the Dawns come on like tribes arrayed for battle.
Thy cattle, closely shutting up the darkness, as Savitar spreads his arms, give forth their lustre.
3 Wealthy, most like to Indra, Dawn hath risen, and brought forth lauds that shall promote our
welfare.
Daughter of Heaven, a Goddess, she distributes, best of Angirases, treasures to the pious.
4 Bestow on us, O Dawn, that ample bounty which thou didst send to those who sang thy praises;
Thou whom with bellowings of a bull they quickened: thou didst unbar the firm-set mountain's
portals.
5 Impelling every God to grant his bounty sending to us the charm of pleasant voices,
Vouchsafe us thoughts, for profit, as thou breakest. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with blessings.
[07-080] HYMN LXXX. Dawn.
1 THE priests, Vasisthas, are the first awakened to welcome Usas with their songs and praises,
Who makes surrounding regions part asunder,and shows apparent all existing creatures.
2 Giving fresh life when she hath hid the darkness, this Dawn hath wakened there with new-born
lustre.
Youthful and unrestrained she cometh forward: she hath turned thoughts to Sun and fire and
worship.
3 May blessed Mornings shine on us for ever, with wealth of kine, of horses, and of heroes,
Streaming with all abundance, pouring fatness. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with blessings.
[07-081] HYMN LXXXI. Dawn.
1. ADVANCING, sending forth her rays, the Daughter of the Sky is seen.
Uncovering, that we may see, the mighty gloom, the friendly Lady makes the light.
2 The Sun ascending, the refulgent Star, pours down his beams together with the Dawn.
O Dawn, at thine arising, and the Sun's, may we attain the share allotted us.
3 Promptly we woke to welcome thee, O Usas, Daughter of the Sky,
Thee, Bounteous One, who bringest all we long to have, and to the offerer health and wealth.
4 Thou, dawning, workest fain to light the great world, yea, heaven, Goddess! that it may be seen.
We yearn to be thine own, Dealer of Wealth: may we be to this Mother like her sons.
5 Bring us that wondrous bounty, Dawn, that shall be famed most far away.
What, Child of Heaven, thou hast of nourishment for man, bestow thou on us to enjoy.
6 Give to our princes opulence and immortal fame, and strength in herds of kine to us.
May she who prompts the wealthy, Lady of sweet strains, may Usas dawn our foes away.
[07-082] HYMN LXXXIT. Indra-Varuna
1. GRANT us your strong protection, IndraVaruna, our people, and our family, for sacrifice.
May we subdue in fight our evil-hearted foes, him who attacks the man steadfast in lengthened rites.

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2 O Indra-Varuna, mighty and very rich One of you is called Monarch and One Autocrat.
All Gods in the most lofty region of the air have, O ye Steers, combined all power and might in you.
3 Ye with your strength have pierced the fountains of the floods: the Sun have ye brought forward as
the Lord in heaven.
Cheered by this magic draught ye, Indra-Varuna, made the dry places stream, made songs of praise
flow forth.
4 In battels and in frays we ministering priests, kneeling upon our knees for furtherance of our weal,
Invoke you, only you, the Lords of twofold wealth, you prompt to hear, we bards, O Indra-Varuna.
5 O Indra-Varuna, as ye created all these creatures of the world by your surpassing might,
In peace and quiet Mitra waits on Varuna, the Other, awful, with the Maruis seeks renown.
6 That Varuna's high worth may shine preeminent, these Twain have measured each his proper
power and might.
The One subdueth the destructive enemy; the Other with a few furthereth many a man.
7 No trouble, no misfortune, Indra-Varuna, no woe from any side assails the mortal man
Whose sacrifice, O Gods, ye visit and enjoy: ne'er doth the crafty guile of mortal injure him.
8 With your divine protection, Heroes, come to us: mine invncation hear, if ye be pleased therewith.
Bestow ye upon us, O Indra-Varuna, your friendship and your kinship and your favouring grace.
9 In battle after battle, Indra-Varuna, be ye our Champions, ye who are the peoples' strength,
When both opposing bands invoke you for the fight, and men that they may gain offspring and
progeny.
10 May Indra, Varuna, Mitra, and Aryaman vouchsafe us glory and great shelter spreading far.
We think of the beneficent light of Aditi, and Savitar's song of praise, the God who strengthens Law.
[07-083] HYMN LXXXIII. Indra-Varuna.
1. LOOKING to you and your alliance, O ye Men, armed with broad axes they went forward, fain for
spoil.
Ye smote and slew his Dasa and his Aryan enemies, and helped Sudas with favour, Indra-Varuna.
2 Where heroes come together with their banners raised, in the encounter where is naught for us to
love,
Where all things that behold the light are terrified, there did ye comfort us, O Indra-Varuna.
3 The boundaries of earth were seen all dark with dust: O Indra-Varuna, the shout went up to
heaven.
The enmities of the people compassed me about. Ye heard my calling and ye came to me with help.
4 With your resistless weapons, Indra-Varuna, ye conquered Bheda and ye gave Sudas your aid.
Ye heard the prayers of these amid the cries of war: effectual was the service of the Trtsus' priest.
5 O Indra-Varuna, the wickedness of foes and mine assailants' hatred sorely trouble me.
Ye Twain are Lords of riches both of earth and heaven: so grant to us your aid on the decisive day