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LDPE Plant-BC

BASIC CHEMISTRY OF POLYMER


POLYMER

It is defined as a chemical compound or mixture compound form by polymerization chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to form larger molecule. THERMOPLASTIC Polymers which are soften on heating and harden on cooling. THERMOSETTING Polymers formed by irreversible reaction and form a rigid, hard, brittle and infeasible mass. LINEAR MOLECULE Linear molecules are those which have few or no branches, can pack very close togather and cause cristaline area in polymer.
BRANCH MOLECULE

Branch molecule with short carbon change producing from the main chain, prevent the molecules from packing close togather. This causes the pclymer to be amorphos. ( Random arrangement of molecules).

LDPE Plant-BC
Installed plant capacity Technical know how Engineering know how Main raw materials 80,000 tons/annum ATO France Technip and EIL Ethylene, Oxygen, LPG and Propylene Type of reaction : Free radical polymerization of Ethylene gas under high pressure of about 18002400 bars Type of reactor : Tubular reactor Main Grade produced : 24FS040, 16MA400, 22FA002 % Conversion : 16 % for single injection and about 22% for double injection Reaction temperature : 190-310* C Initiator : Oxygen Terminator : LPG or Propylene Product name : Indothene : : : :

LDPE Plant-BC
MANUFACTURE OF POLYETHYLENE LDPE Tubular Reactor Autoclave Process HD / LL D P E Solution process Gas phase fluidized bed Slurry process High pressure conversion High pressure (retrofit)

LDPE Plant-BC
ETHYLENE MOLECULE CH2 = CH2 POLY (ETHYLENE) -(CH2 = CH2)nPoly (ethylene) is prepared by the addition polymerization of ethylene monomer, which can be initiated by free radical or ionic mechanism.

LDPE Plant-BC STEPS OF POLYMERIZATION

INITIATION PROPAGATION TERMINAITON

LDPE Plant-BC
LDPE PROCESS BLOCK DIAGRAM
Fresh ethylene Primary comp. Hyper Comp. Top injection

Tubular reactor LP steam


Booster Comp. Oxygen LPG/Propylene OFF GAS

MPR Cooler
Hot Water Drum

LPR Cooler

Side Injection

LP Separator

MP Separator

Let down valve

Extruder Storage & Bagging

LDPE Plant-BC
SAFETY
Detection of ethylene leak ESD system

Fire alarms
Sprayed water system Block house Snuffing steam system

Rupture disc steam injection system


Safety equipment