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hnP-b-t`cn

tIcf]m-Tm-hen

Ubv ae-pdw
Am-Z-anI klmbw: kn.-Fw.-Un.C ^mn

kl-]mTn
BapJw
Pn- b psS hnZym- ` yk \ne- h mcw sa- s - S p- p- h m Pnm ]m- b v
Bhn- j v I - c nv \S- n- e m- nb hnP- b - t `cn hnZym- ` ymk ]Xn ]p hjw
]nn-Sp-Ib
- m-Wv. Fkv.F
- k
- v.F
- .kn hnP-bi
- X
- a
- m\w Hmtcm-hjhpw Dbp hcpp
F A`n-am-\ml-amb t\w CXp-hgn \app ssIh-cn-m-\m-bn-p--v. Pn-bnse
A[ym-]-Icpw cn-Xm-fpw Xti kzbw`cW m]-\-fpw DtZy-K-cpw
\S-nb ITn\ ]cn-{iaw Cu t\-ns ]nn-ep--v. {]tXy-Inpw hnZym-e-b-Xe
Iymp- I Cm- c y- n henb ]mWv hlnp- X v . Pn- b nse \nc- h [n
kvIqfp-I-fnse ]nmw \np Ipn-Isf Dbn-sm--p-h-cp--Xn\v CXv
klm-b-I-am-bn-p--v. {]kvXpX Iymp-I-fnse D]-tbm-K-n-\mbn ]T-\-{]-h-\ Nn-s-Sp-p--Xn\v th-n Imem-Im-e--fn hnP-b-t`cn
ssIp- k v X - I - ]nd- n- d - n- b n- p- - v . ]T- t \m- - h w, Xnc- t \m- w, ssIm- v ,
tkm]m-\w, apsm-cpw Fo t]cp-I-fn ]pd-n-d-n-bn-cp ]pkvX-I-ns
XpS-bm-bmWv Cu hjw kl-]mTn {]kn-o-I-cn-p--Xv. amdnb ]mT-]p-kvXIs ASn-m-\-s-Sp-n-bp BZy-]-co--bn Fm Ipn-I-sfbpw anI ]T\- t \- - ns Ah- I m- i n- I - f m- n- a m- pI F- X mWv Cu ]- X n- b n- e qsS \mw
ey-an-Sp--Xv.
Pn-bnse Ghpw Ign-hp A[ym-]-I-cpsS klm-b-tmsS Cu ]pkvXIw
\nn-s-Sp-m-\p Npa-Xe ae-pdw Ub-n-s\-bmWv Gn-n-cp--Xv. Ah AXv
`wKn-bmbn \n-ln-p-X-p. Cm-cy-n Ub-n-t\mSpw CXp-ambn kl-I-cn
apgp-h A[ym-]-I-tcmSpw Pnm ]m-b-n-\p IS-mSv ChnsS kvacn-p-p.
Cu ]pkvXIw Cu hjs ]T-t\m-h Iymp-Iv klm-b-I-am-bn-o-cs
Fv Biw-kn-p-p.

sI.-]n. Pko-anb
sNbt]-gvk
hnZym-`ymk mnwKv In
Pnm]m-b-v, ae-pdw

kpld amSv
{]kn-U-v
Pnm-]-m-bv
ae-pdw

kl-]mTn

A[ym-]-I-tcmSv..........
]pXnb ]mT-]p-kvXIw ASn-m-\-am-n-bp
BZys s]mXp-]-co-bvv Xbm-sd-Sp-p-I-bmWv
tIc-f-nse apgp-h ]mw-Xcw hnZymn-Ifpw
Hw A[ym-]-I-cpw. Bi-bpw ]ncn-ap-dp-hpw AIn
hnZymn-I-fn B-hn-izmkw hfp-Ibpw
A[ym-]-I-cpsS mkv dqw {]h-\-sf ]c-am-h[n
t{]mkm-ln-n-p-Ibpw sNpI F-XmWv Cu
ssIp- k v X - I - ns eyw. AXp- s Im- - p - X s
{]h-\--fpsS sshhn-[yhpw hyXykvX hyh-lm-c-cq]--fpsS Ah-X-c-Whpw sIm-p-h-cm ]c-am-h[n
{ian- n- p- - v .
aphj--fn-se t]mse Pn-bnse
Fkv.-F-kv.-F.kn ]T-\-\n-e-hmcw sa-s-Sp-p-Xn\pw Db ]T-\-t\w Dd-m-p--Xn\pw Cu
ssIp-kvXIw eyw shbvp-p. ae-pdw Pnm-]-mb-n-sbpw Pnm-hn-Zym-`ymk Kth-j-W-tI{ (U-b-v)
Jyn Xm-dm-n-bn-cn-p Cu ]T-\-k-lmbn
Ipn-Iv ^e-{]-Z-ambn {]tbm-P-\-s-Sp-p--Xn\v
A[ym-]-I-cp-sSbpw cn-Xm--fp-sSbpw IqSn ]npW
A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv.
Fm-hpw anI hnP-bm-iw-k-I

kvt\l-]qw
]n. A_vZp dkmJv
({]nkn-m, Ubv ae-pdw

Xbm-dm-n-bXv
1. N{-ti-J-c Sn.-sI.(-Un.-bp.-F-v.-F-kv.-F-kv, XqX)
2. sP.-cm-Pvtam-l]n (sF.-bp.-F-v.-F-kv.-F-kv, ]d-q)
3. {]tamZv hmg-c (]n.-sI.-Fw.-Fw.-F-v.-F-kv.-Fkv, FS-cn-tm-Sv)
4. A\nIp-am F.]n (F.-B.-\-K Fv.-F-kv.-Fkv, sN--p-dm-b)
5 _nPp-tam sI.-Fkv (Pn.-hn.-F-v.-F-kv.-Fkv t^m tKkv, Xncq)
6. kXo-i Sn. (F-kv.-F.Fw Fv.-F-kv.-F-kv, ]c--\-m-Sn)
7. {]tam-ZvIp-am C (Pn.-Fw.-F-v.-F-kv.-Fkv, kn.bp Iym-kv)
8. sI.-sI.-knp (F.-F-v.-F-kv, sImf-q)
9. AtimIv F. Un{Iqkv (K-h. sslkvIq, Xpq)
10. APojv Fw (Pn.-F-v.-F-kv.-F-kv, apXp-h-q)
11. cmPohv sI.-B (Pn.-Pn.-hn.-F-v.-F-kv.-Fkv, h-q)
12. Pb-{]-Imiv bp. (Pn.-hn.-F-v.-F-kv.-F-kv, tNfm-cn)
13. kn.-sI.-cm-P (Pn.-Fw.-F-v.-F-kv.-F-kv, kn.bp Iym-kv)

Am-Z-anI klmbw
kn.-Fw.-Un.C ^mn
Ubv ae-pdw

bqWnv 1
Imen-em-temew Nne-p-ambv
sNdp-Xm-bn sNdpw
apcn--t-cnw tNmdpw
Bv Amv
* Ime-tZ-i--\p-k-cnv Iem-`n-cp-Nn-bnepw amw hcp-p.
* \psS kmln-Xy-ns \smcp ]v Ie-Iv th-n- cq]-s--h-bm-Wv.
* Ie-I P\-k-aq-l-ns kwkvIm-c-hp-ambn _-s-n-cn-p-p. Fm P\-fpw
kmaq-ln-I-Po-hn-X-ns `mK-ambn Iqm-bva-I krjvSn-m-\p {ia- \S-nbn- p- - v . AXn Ie- I pw {][m\ ]p- - v . A[zm- \ w, BtLm- j w, BNmcw XpSn-b-h-bp-am-sbmw Ie-I _-s-n-cn-p-p.
* amdp Pohn-Xm-h--I-\p-k-cn-v Ie-I-fpsS D-S--nepw Ah-X-c-W-co-Xnbnepw amw hcpw. Ime-ns am-ns\mw Ie-Ifpw ]cn-h-\-n\v hnt[-bam- b n- p- - v . Cu am- c- p - X - c - n- e mWv kw`- h n- n- p- - X v . A\p- I - c - W - ns
^e- a mbn D- m b am- - f mWv BZy- t - X v . c- m - a - t Xv e- I m- e - - \ p- k cnv D-m-b-Xm-Wv. hnhn[ kwkvIm-c--fp-am-bp kw Ahsb A\p-I-cnm t{]c-I-am-bn-p--v. {]kn Iem-cq-]- \nn-X-k-a-b-n-\p-n \nn-X-ev ^e-{]-Z-ambn Ah-X-cn-n-m hcp-nb am-p-Zm-l-c-W-amWv
IY-Ifn.
imkv{Xo-b-ambn am{Xw A`y-kn-m Ign-bp Ie-I-fmWv mknIv Ie-I.
IqSn-bm-w, IY-I-fn, Xp Fnh Cu KW-ns-Spw. \f-N-cnXw Hmw Znhkw
IY-I-fn-bnse `mKw B--Ym kmlnXyw ]cn-N-bn-p--Xn\v th-n-bm-Wv. hnZq-jI-q-ns\ tIc-fob lmky-]m-c--cy-hp-ambn _n-n-mw. Ie I-h-S--c-mb
]pXnb Ime- ns kmaq- l nI kmwkv I m- c n- I m- h - sb Xpd- p- I m- W n- p
IY-bmWv Fw. apIp-s Bv Am-v.
k- - a m- s bmcp Iem- ] m- c - cyw tIc- f - n- \ p- - v . CXn kmln- X yhpw
kwKo-Xhpw Zriy-I-e-Ifpw Ds-Sp-p.
temI- { ]- i - k v X n- b mPnv ]e Iem- c q- ] - fpw tIc- f - n- e p- - v . IY- I fn Xs
DZm--l-c-Ww.
a\p- j y- c m- i n- b psS A\- i z- c - s s]- X r- I - ns al- mb Iem- k r- j v S n- b mbn
IqSn-bm-s 2001 sabv 18 \v bps\kvtIm temI-ss]-XrI ]n-I-bn Ds-Sp-n.
tIc-fob Ie-I-fpsS hf ey-amn h-tm m]n--XmWv sNdp-Xp-cpn-bnse Iem-aW
- vUe
- w. hmNnI {][m-\a
- m-bXpw BwKnI {]m[m-\y-am-bXpw CXnsSp-p. `{Z-Im-fn-m-v, k-mv, Ipd-n-bm-w, Ipd-hI-fn, ]S-b-Wn, Xncp-hm-Xn-c-Ifn, amKw Ifn, apSn-tb-v, Xnd-bm-w, sXw, tImew-Xp- Fo A\p-jvTm-\-I-eI ]eXpw Km\-im-J-tbm-sSmw Pa-sa-Sp--h-bm-Wv. t{X-I F \ne-bn
cwK-p-h--h-bmWv imkv{X--fn, Iqv, IqSn-bm-w, IrjvW-\m-w, cma-\mw, IYIfn F-n-h. Ipsd-qSn P\-Io-b-I-e-bmbn Xp-ens\ IW-m-mw.
thj-sm-en-a, thj-ssh-hn-[yw, IY-Ifn kwKo-Xw, hmZy- Fnh {inmsX t]mI-cp-Xv.
Iqnse kmaq-ly-hn-ai-\w, Bt-]-lm-kyw, B-]-cn-lmkw Fn-h-bpsS
]np-S-bmWv Xp-en ImWm Ign-bp--Xv.(Iq-n-s\bpw Xp-en-s\bpw XmcXayw sNmw).

kmaq-ln-Ihpw kmwkvIm-cn-I-hp-amb amw Ie-Isf F-s\-bmWv _m[n-p-sXpw Iem-cq-]


- kmwkvIm-cnI Nn-f
- mbn amdp-s
- X-s
- \-sb-p-ap At\zj-W-amWv bYm-n ]pXnb Xe-apd \S-t--Xv.
{]h\w 1
Ipdnv Xbm-dmmw
tIc-fob Ie-I-fmb Iqv, IY-I-fn, IqSn-bm-w, Xp, apSn-tb-v, sXw Fn-hbpsS hW-Nn-{X- mkn {Kq-Sn-m-\-n hnX-cWw sNp-p.
Ipn-I Nn{X-sf hmbn--s...
tNmZy--fn-eq-n-bp Nbvv XpSw Ipdn-mw.
? \nv e`n Nn{Xw GXp Ie-bp-ambn _-s--XmWv
? Nn{X-n \nv {]kvXpX Iem-cq-]-ns GsXmw khn-ti-j-X-I hmbn-sSp-mw.
? thj-ns {]tXy-I-X-I Fsmw
? \nv e`n Nn{X-hp-ambn _-s Iem-cq-]-ns Ctm-gs Ah
FmWv
? {]kvXpX Iem-cq]w t\cn-p-Im-Wm Ah-kcw e`n-n-pt-m
? \n-fpsS \mn Cu Iem-cq]w Ac-t-dp-I-bm-sW-n Bkz-Zn-m F{Xtmfw Bfp- I D- m - I pw.
? Fm-bn-cnpw AXn\v ImcWw
N-bn Ipn-I-fpsS `mKv \nv Dbp-h Bi-b--fn {]k--am-bh
A[ym-]-I _n.-_n-bn Ipdn-p-p. Ah IqSn Ds-Sp-n-sm-v N t{ImUoI-cn-p-p.
Hmtcm-cp-pw e`n Iem-cq-]s ]cn-N-b-s-Sp-n-sm-v mkn Ah-X-cnn-p--Xn-\m-h-iy-amb Hcp Ipdnv Ipn-I Xbm-dm--s.
Imew, tZiw, `mj, kmln-Xy-cq-]w, thjw, BNm-c- Fnh IqSn Ipdn-n
]cn-K-Wn--Ww.
{]h\w 2
{]Xn-I-c-W-p-dnv Xbm-dmmw
mknIv Ie-bmb IY-Ifn tIc-f-ns X\-Xp-I-em-cq-]-amWv. tIc-fo-b-cpsS A`n-am-\-amWv IY-I-fn. Fm B[p\n-I-Im-e-p-t]mepw P\-Io-b-am-Im Cu Iem-cq-]-n\v
Ign-n-n-.

{]kvXmh\ Nmntem _n.-_n-bn Fgp-Xntbm {]Zin-n-p-p.


Htm ct- m Ipn- I - t fmSv {]kv X m- h - \ - t bmSv {]Xn- I - c n- p- s Im- v kwkm- c n- m Bhiy-s-Sp-p.
{]k--am-bh A[ym-]-I _n.-_n-bn Ipdn-p-p.
XpSv tNmZy- D-bn-p-sIm-v Nbvv XpS--an-Sp-p.
P\-Iob Iem-cq-]- GsXmw?
P\-Io-b-amb t{X-I-e-I GsXmw?
Xp IY-I-fn-sb At]-nv P\-Io-b-am-Im Imc-W-sav?
-- IY-I-fnsb mknIv Ie-sbv hnti-jn-n-p--sX-p-sIm-v?
*
*
*
*
*

imkv{Xo-bX
IyXy-amb Nn-h--
\nb-X-amb \nb-a-
Iem-aqeyw
Ah-X-c-W-nepw Bkzm-Z-\-nepw A\p-io-e\w

P\-Io-b-am-Ip--Xn\v GsXms khn-ti-jX IqSn thWw?


* kmln-Xy-nse/`mj-bnse emfnXyw
* Bi-b-kw-th-Z\ km[yX
Ipn-I-fpsS N-bn Dcp-n-cn-p-h Bi-b--tfbpw mknIv Ie/P\-Io-bIe Fo Bi-b--sfbpw Ds-Spn A[ym-]-Is t{ImUo-I-c-W-n-\p-tijw
{]kvXm-h-\-tbmSv {]Xn-I-cn-p-sIm-v Ipdn-p-I Xbm-dm-m Bh-iy-s-Sp-p.
Ipdn-p-I-fpsS Ah-X-cWw
N
Iqn-t-ep-I
sa-s-Sp-
{]h\w 3
{]tbm- K - ` wKn Is- n Ipdnv Xbm- d mmw
KZy-c-N-\-I-fnepw ]Zy-c-N-\-I-fn-ep-ap Nne {]tbm-K-
hmNym-n-\p-]p-dta av A-X-e- IqSn hmb-\mv \Ipw. A-c-samcp {]tbm-K-amtWm sNdp-Xmbn sNdpw
{]kvXmh\ Nmntem _n.-_n-bntem FgpXn {]Zin-n-p-p.
]mT-`m-K-am-bn-p \f-N-cnXw B--Y-bn Ccw {]tbm-K- Is-n env
sNm Bh-iy-s-Sp-p.
tNmZyw D-bn-p-p.

]mT-`m-Kv ]cm-ain-p Bi-b-n\v Cu {]tbmKw Fsms A-X-e-fmWv \Ip--Xv?


]mT-`m-Kv sNdp-Xm-bn sNdpw Fv BcmWv ]d-bp-Xv?
lwkw Cs\ ]d-bm-\p--mb kml-N-cy-sa-mWv?
Za-b-n-bpsS Fsmw tNjvS-I-fmWv lwk-s-sm-v Cs\ ]d-bn-n-pXv?
Ccw {]tbm-K- Imhy-`m-K-n\v Fs-nepw angnhv \Ip-pt-m?
N-bpsS shfn--n sNdp-Xm-bn sNdpw F {]tbm-K-ns `wKn-sb-pdnv Ipn-I Ipdnv Xbm-dm--s.
hni-I-e\w
N
Ah-X-cWw
sa-s-Sp-
{]h\w 4

hW-I sIm-v kucyw krjvSn-p-I-sb-Xv anI Ihn-I-fpsS


e-Wam-Wv. \f-N-cn-X-n\v ae-bmf imIp-fw F hnfn-tcv e`nXv AXnse hW-\I
- Imfn-Zm-ks hW-\I
- t- fmSv ASp-p-\np- X p- s Im- - m - W v.
{]kvXm-h\ _n.-_n-bntem Nmntem FgpXn {]Zin-n-p-p.
{]Xn-I-cn-m Ipn-I-tfmSv Bh-iy-s-Sp-p.
]mT-`m-K-nse anI hW-\-I GsXmw?
Ne-Z-fn-Q-mcw sNhn-I-fn-ew-Kmcw
tImIn-e-Iq-Pn-X- sImSnb IW-iq-e-
Ipkp-a-ku-c`w \mkm-Ip-l-c-k-c-ssk-cn`w
aXn Zp:J Imc-W-an-m-cma k-cWw
apI-fn sImSp-n-p {]kvXm-h-\bpw \f-N-cnXw B--Y-bnse Cu hcn-Ifpw
hni-I-e\w sNbvXv Dm-bn-hm-cy-cpsS hW-\m-]m-S-h-s-p-dnv kzm`n-{]m-b-pdnv Xbm-dm-m Bh-iy-s-Sp-p.
{Kqn hmb\
sa-s-Sp-
s]mXp-A-h-X-cWw
A[ym-]-I CS-s]-S-ep-I-fn-eqsS {]{Inb ]qn-bm-p-p.

bqWnv 2
Ccp-Nn-d-Ip-I-sfm-cp-a-bn-e-s\
1. Chp-am-{X-ambv kpK-X-Ip-amcn
2. kmln-Xy-nse kv{Xo tPmk^v ap--tcn
3. bm{Xm-samgn Ipam-c-\m-im
BapJw
* 2011 amv 8\v temI h\n-Xm-Zn-\-ns \qdmw hmjnIw BtKm-f-X-e-n
BtLm-jn--s-p. \qm-v ]nn--tmgpw kv{XoI-fpsS Pohn-Xm-h--bvv ]d-b am-sampw kw`-hn-n-nn. enwK-k-aXzw F kpc ap{Zm-hIyw DZvtLmjn--s-Sp-tmgpw kpc-n-X-X-Xz-ns A`mhw kv{XoIsf th-bm-Sn-sm--n-cnp-p.
* kv{Xobmbn P\n-pI F-Xp-t]mepw kaqlw \nd a\-tkm-sS-b kzoI-cnp-X
- v. Bav\ntbmsk-knkv F sshZy-imkv{X kt-Xa
- p-]t- bm-Knv s]{`qWsf Xncn--dn-bm Ign-bp--Xp-sIm-v {`qW-l-Xy-I s]cp-In-sm--n-cn-p-I-bmWv. Cy-bn hjw tXmdpw Av ew s]{`q-W-- \in-n--s-Sp-p.
tIc-f-n am{Xw CXv Hc e-tmfw hcpw.
* kmln-Xy-nepw CXc am[y-a--fnepw hmgv-s-Sp kv{XoPa--f bYm
Pohn-X-]-cn-k-c--fn-ep--Xv. kv{XoIv IqSn ]m-fn--ap Hcn-S-ambn am[y-a-cwKw
amdn- s b- nepw enwK- h n- t h- N - \ - ns hm Ahn- s Sbpw Db- c p- p- - v . GXm- v 25
hjw apv ]{X-{]-h-Isc Bh-iy-s-p-sIm--p ]c-ky-- kv{XoI At]n-t-- Xn F Ipdn-tm-S-bmWv {]Xy--s--Xv.
* hn{ipX Fgp-p-Imcn shPo-\nbm hp^ns (1882-1941) A Room for Ones
Own (F-gppImcn-bpsS apdn) F {Kw kv{Xo] cN-\-bpsS amKv\m ImbmWv. kmln-Xy-c-N\ \S-m kv{Xov kz-ambn Hcn-Shpw hcp-am-\hpw A\n-hm-cyam-sW-p Ch-cpsS \ne-]mSv Gsd N sN-s-p. tjIvkv]n-b-dn-s AtX
_pnbpw {]Xn-`-bp-ap Hcp ktlm-Zcn At-l-n-\p--m-bn-cp-s-n, Ahv
Bm-hn-jvIm-c-n\v A\p-hm-Z-ap--m-bn-cp-s-n tjIvkv]n-b-sd-tmse Ahfpw
kKm-I Db-c- Iog-S-p-am-bn-cp-p F Ch-cpsS \ne-]mSv kaqlw Fgpp-Im-cn-I-tfmSv ]pep at\m-`m-h-amWv Dbn-sm--p-h--Xv.
Cu bqWn-n-eqsS IS-p-t]m-Ip-tm enwK-]-c-amb Ak-a-Xz-ns Xo{hX Xncn-dn-bm Ign-bp-t- Xm-sSmw kv{Xo imo-Ic
- Ww F ey-n-se-p-Ibpw thWw.
Sn.-_n-bnepw Fv.-_n-bnepw \nc-h[n ]T\ {]h-\- {]Xn-]m-Zn--s-n-p--v.
AXn\v ]pdta CXnse hyh-lm-c-cq-]--sf-qSn {]tbm-P-\-s-Spn ]mT--fpsS
Bi-b- Ipn-I-fn-se-n--Ww.

FUn-tm-dn-b
kma-{Kn-I- : BMv kmMv kqIn, Ctdmw ianf Ch-cpsS Nn{X-fpw ]{X-hmIfpw (Zbm_mbn, aZ sXtck Chsc ]cn-N-b-s-Sp-p hmb-\m-km-a-{Kn-bp-amImw). kv{XoI A\p-`-hn-p {]iv\--sf-p-dn-p hm-I, Nn{X-,
kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-bpsS Ihn-Xm-`m-K- Fgp-Xnb Nmv, kn-Zm-\s Xmcmv F
IhnX
{]{Inb : BMv km kqIn-bpsS Nn{Xw {]Zin-n-pp
(A\p-_w t\mp-I)
BcpsS Nn{X-am-WnXv?
FmWv Ah-cpsS {]m[m\yw?
{]Xn-I-c-W-v Ah-kcw sImSp--tijw Ahsc ]cn-N-b-s-Sp-p Ipdnv
\Imw. XpSv Ctdmw ian-f-tbbpw ]cn-N-b-s-Sp-p-p.
(A\p-_w t\mp-I)
kzw hn[n-tbbpw Hcp kaq-l-ns hn[n-tbbpw \nW-bn-m Icp-p-Im-nb
A]qh hyn-Xz--fmWv Ch. Ch-cpsS KW-ns-Sp-m-hp Bsc-sb-nepw
]d-bmtam?
tNmZyw s]mXp-hmbn
{]Xn-I-c-W-v Ah-kcw
aZ sXtc-k, Zbm-_m-bv...
Nhn-m, \nv Nne-tm ]qPn-m,
]ct ]pn-m, ]cn-Xy-Pn-p-hm,
CWp ssItImp-\-S-m, asf
]nSbvpw s\-p-In-S-n-tm-p-hm
Chp-am-{X-ambv Hcp Paw
hcn-I Nmn
Bcp-tS-XmWv Cu hcn-I?
GXp Ihn-X-bn-teXv?
tNmZyw s]mXp-hmbn
{]Xn-I-c-W- _n.-_nbn
t\cs Ah-X-cn-n kv{XoI-fn \nv kpK-X-Ip-amcn Ah-X-cn-n kv{Xobvp
hyXym-k-sav ?
kpK-X-Ip-am-cn-bpsS Cu A`n-{]m-bs \n Fs\ ImWpp?
tNmZy-v hyn-K-X-ambn {]Xn-I-cn-p-p.
{Kqn N sNbvXv sa-s-Sp-p-p.
s]mXp-hmbn Ah-X-cn-n-p-p.
kv{XoI A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-p {]iv\-sf kw_-n-p at-sX-nepw cN-\-I
]cn- N - b - s - n- pt- m ?
Xmcmv F kn-Zm-\-s IhnX tIn-p-p.

(Fmw mknse hnP-b-e-van-bpsS ag-bv-pdw F Ihn-Xbpw A\p-_--n


sImSp-n-cn-p _me-N-{ Npn-m-Sns b-{]iv\w F Ihn-Xbpw D]tbm-Kn-m-hp--Xm-Wv.
kv{XoI A\p-`-hn-p Zpcn-X-sf Bhn-jvI-cn-p [mcmfw cN-\-I \mw
]cn- N - b - s - n- p- - v .
ka-Im-enI kaq-l-n GsXmw A{I-a-mWv kv{Xo hnt[-b-bm-Ip-Xv?
hyn-KX {]Xn-I-cWw Ipdnv Ah-X-cn-n-p-p.
XpSv ]{X-hm-I, Nn{X- Fnh hmb-\-bvmbn {Kqp-Iv \Ipp.
(A\p-_w t\mp-I)
\n ]cn-N-b-s kw`hw GXv?
tNmZyw s]mXp-hmbn
{Kqp-I-fpsS Ah-X-c-W-
GsXmw ]oU-\--fmWv kv{XoI A\p-`-hn-p--Xv?
{]Xn-I-c-W-v Ah-kcw
kv{XoIs-Xnsc \S-p Ccw AXn-{I-a--tfmSv s]mXp-k-aq-l-ns {]XnI-cWw FmWv?
Ccw A{I-a- h[n-p-h-cm Fmhmw Imc-W-?
CXn \ap-sp sNm-\mhpw?
km- c p- I sNt- - s Xv ?
kwL-S-\-Iv Fp-sN-m-\mhpw?
am[y-a- FpsNWw?
tNmZy- s]mXp-hmbn
hyn-KX {]Xn-I-cWw Ipdn-pp
hnZym-`ym-k-n\v CXn-sep ]p-h-ln-m-\mIpw?
{Kqn N-sN-pp
s]mXp-hmbn Ah-X-cn-n-p-p.
A[ym-]-Is t{ImUo-I-cWw
(B-i-b-v hyX hcp-m {in--Ww)
kmwkvIm-cn-I-ambn Dbp-\npp Fv A`n-am-\n-p tIc-fob kaqlw
Ah-a-Xn--s-Sp k`--fmWv kv{Xok-aq-l-n-s\-Xn-cmb AXym-Nm-c-
Chbvv FXn-cmbn {]Xn-I-cn-p-sIm-v Hcp FUn-tm-dn-b Xbm-dm-p-I.
Hcp apJ-{]-kw-K-ns khn-ti-j-X-I Gh?
eLp N
kqN-I- t{ImUo-I-cn-pp
hn-j-bm-h-X-cWw
hn-i-I-e\w \nK-a-\-
]cn-lm-c-\ntZ-i-
DNn-X-amb `mj
i-amb iojIw
hyn-KX cN\
{Kqn hmb\
sa-s-Sp-

s]mXp Ah-X-cWw
FUn-tm-dn-b-ens \ amXr-I-I ]cn-N-b-s-Spmw
kqN- I - - f n- t ep ho- p w.....
{]h\w
D]-\ymkw kv{Xo kXyhpw anYybpw
kma- { Kn- I : Sn.- _ n, D- c - W n- I AS- nb Nmv , ]{X- h m- I , AaXy
skns hnth-N\
-
- ns `n-ap-J
- F Ipdn-nse `mKw (A-\p-_w t\mpI)
{]{Inb
PohnXti- XpS-sc-p-Ssc A\p-`-hn-p kv{XoI-sfmw XymK-im-en-I-fmbn-o-cp-p. IjvS-m-Sn-s\m-s--sbpw D-c-hm-Zn-I X-fm-sW-p kXyw
ad-p-shv Ahsc XymKn\nI Fp sImn-b-dn-bn-p-I-bm-Wv. C-c-n Zp:Jfp-sSbpw Zpcn-X--fp-sSbpw An-t-d-h-Im-in-I-fmbn At-b-s XymK-im-en-\n-Ifmbn Fm {]kn IrXn-I-fnepw kv{XoI Nn{Xo-I-cn--s-n-cn-pp.
]mT-`m-K-nse `mKw Nmn {]Zin-n-p-p.
Cu {]kvXm-h\ kmln-Xy-n-sebpw kaq-l-n-sebpw kv{XoI-fpsS GX-h-sb
kqNn-n-pp?
hyn-KX {]Xn-I-cWw Ipdn-p-p.
{Kqn N
sa-s-Spn Ah-X-cWw
t{ImUo-I-cWw (A-[ym-]n-I)
GXmWp teJ\w ?
teJ-I Bcv?
{]Xn-I-c-W- tcJ-s-Sp-pp
]pcmW IY-I-fn kv{XoIp m\-sa-m-bn-cpp?
kmln-Xy-n kv{Xov A\p-]-a-amb m\-ap-s-v teJ-I ]d-bp--sX-psIm-v?
kmln-Xy-nepw Zriy-am-[y-a--fnepw kv{XoI \nd-p-\np--sX-p-sIm-v?
kmln-Xy-n kv{Xobvp m\w Pohn-X-n-ept-m?
tNmZy- Hmtcmtm H-bvmtbm
hyn-KX {]Xn-I-c-W-pw {Kqp Nbvpw tijw sa-s-Spn s]mXphmbn Ah-X-cn-n-mw.
]pcp-js {]hr-n-Isf hnai-\m--I-ambn hne-bn-cp-p GsX-nepw Imhy`mK- ]cn- N - b - s - n- pt- m ?
GXmWv IrXn?
Bscm-s-bmWv IYm-]m-{X-?
hmbn Imhy-k-`-taXv?
{]Xn-I-c-W- _n.-_n-bn Ipdn-pp
]e- X p- - n - X p- t ]mse `m\p- a

Ipe-Nq-Um-aWn sNbvX kmlkw


Nne-hogvN alm-\p-tim-`bmw
ae-bn I-sa--am-Xncn
(A-[ym-]-I-t\mSv : hmp-I-fpsS Atam hcn-I-fpsS Bi-btam Nmn FgpXn
{]Zin-n-mw)
hcn-I Nmn {]Zin-n-p-p.
koXbvv cma-t\m-Sp GXv at\m-`m-h-amWv Cu hcn-I-fn hy-am-Ip-Xv?
]pXnb Xe-ap-d-bvp at\m-`m-h-sa-m-bn-cnmw?
{]Xn-I-cWw hyn-]-c-ambn Ipdn-pp
{Kqn NsNbvXv Is--p hkvXp-X-I s]mXp-hmbn Ah-X-cn-n-p-p.
ka-Im-en-I-k-aq-l-n kv{XoI t\cn-Sp {]iv\- Fsmw?
tNmZy- s]mXp-hmbn
{]Xn-I-c-W--fn {][m-\-s-h _n.-_n-bn
XpSv hyXy-kvXX ]pep kv{Xo{]-iv\- Ah-X-cn-n-p ]{X-I-nw-KpI(kuay XpS-n-b-h) Hmtcm {Kqn\pw \Ip-p.
GXp {]iv\-amWv \n hmbn-Xv?
{]iv\-n\v Fs-nepw ]cn-lm-c- \ntZ-in-mtam?
{Kqp- I - f psS Is- - - e p- I - f psS Ah- X - c Ww.
(B\p-Im-en-I--fnse teJ-\-fpw teJ-\-`m-K-fpw {]tbm-P-\-s-Sp-mw).
kv{Xo kzmX{yw F-Xp-sIm-v Dt-in-p--sX-mWv?
hyn-K-X-ambn Is-n {Kqn- N-sNbvXv s]mXp-hmbn Ah-X-cn-n-p-p.
kv{Xo kaqlw A\p-`-hn-p Htsd {]iv\--fmWv \mw N-sN-bvX-Xv. kmln-Xynepw Ie-I-fnepw kv{XoIv \Ip m\w bYm Pohn-X-n Ahp
\ntj-[n--s-Sp-p. CXns ASn-m-\-n kv{Xo kzmX{yw kXybpw anYybpw
F hnj-b-n D]-\ymkw cNn-m \ntZ-in-pp (hyn-K-Xw).
GsXmw kqN-I--fmWv D]-\ym-ks hne-bn-cp-m th-Xv?
N
BapJw
hnj-bm-h-X-c-Ww, hni-I-e\w
kzw A`n-{]m-bhpw \nco--Whpw bpn-]qhw Ah-X-cn-n-
D]-kw-lmcw
`mj
{Kqn Ah-X-cWw
sa-s-Spn s]mXp-A-h-X-cWw
kqN- I - ho- p w Dd- n- - W w.
Iqn-t-ep-I

{]h\w
]T-\-h-kvXpX : A-kw-th-Z\w ^e-{]-Z-am-p--Xn\v `mj-bn Ae-m-c-
{]tbm-P-\-s-Sp-m-dp--v. Ihn-X-I \ncq-]Ww sNp--Xn\v.Kmm-co-hn-em]w

{]h\w : Imhy- ` wKn Is- -


kma{Kn : Sn._n
{]{Inb
{]nb cmLh h\w `hm
\pb-cpp `pP-imJhnp Rm
`b-ap ]d-p-t]m-bnSmw
kzb-a-tZym-hn-sem-cm-{ibw hn\m
Ihn-Xm-`mKw Nmn {]Zin-n-pp
Cu hcn-I GXp Imhy-n-te-XmWv?
BcmWv cNn-Xv?
tNmZy- s]mXp-hmbn
\mep t]cn \nv {]Xn-I-c-W- s]mXp-hmbn
Cu hcn-I-fpsS Bibw FmWv?
hyn-K-X-ambn Ipdn-pp
{Kqn Ah-X-cn-n-pp
sa-s-Sp-pp
s]mXp-A-h-X-cWw
Cu hcn-Iv as-s-nepw AkqN-\I-fpt-m?
Ipdnv Ah-X-cn-n-m \ntZ-in-pp
hyn-KXw
]d-p-t]m-bnSmw F {]tbmKw koXbvv In-p A-sav?
`pP-imJ BcpsS?
]d-p--Xn\v XS-k-ambn \nXv Fv?
`b-ap FXv as-s-nepw kqN\ \Ip-pt-m?
tNmZy- s]mXp-hmbn D-bn-p-p.
hyn-K-X-ambn Ipdn-p-p.
{Kqn N sNbvXv sa-s-Sp-p-p.
s]mXp-hmbn Ah-X-cn-n-p-p.
A- s \- s b- n t\cs Is- - nb A- X - e - n\v Fs- nepw amw
hpthm?
Ipdn-p-p(-{Kq-v)
s]mXp-hmbn Ah-X-cn-n-p-p.
Imhy-`m-K-n\v Hn-e-[nIw A-X-e--fp--m-p-Xv Ihn-Xbvv IqSp-X `wKn
D-m-p-p. CXv Ihn-I-fpsS ss\]p-Wys kqNn-n-p-p.
Ihn-Xm-`m-Kp \nv Imhy-`w-Kn-bp hcn-I Is-n hymJym-\n-m \ntZin-pp
(Krl]m-Tw)
{in-t--Xv
hmNymw Is- - n- b n- p- v
av A- X - e - Is- n kan- n- p- v
Ihn- X sb ka- { K- a mbn I- n - p- - v .

bqWnv 3
Aim-n-]h--pdw
Fgp--
]m-f-m-c XIgn
APp-\-hn-jm-Z-tbmKw Ipn-r-jvW-am-cm
BapJw
* temI-s-hn-sS-bp-ap a\p-jy Hp-X-s-bm-Wv. Ahs hnIm-c-hn-Nm-c-fpw
ASn-m\ Bh-iy-fpw Hp-X-s-bm-Wv.
a\p-jys PmXn a\p-jy-Xz-amWv (a-\p-jymWmw a\p-jyXzw PmXn:) Fp {io\m-cmb-W-Kpcp DZvt_m-[n-n-p-p. a\p-jy-Xz-ap--m-hpI F-XmWv ASn-m-\-]-c-ambn
a\p- j y- \ p- - m - t I- - K p- W w. X- t m- s e- b mWv av a\p- j y- s cpw Ahpw temIn Pohn- m kml- N - c y- a p- - m - I - W - s a- p- a p t_m[- a mWv hfp- h - t c- - X v .
kl-Po-hn-bpsS Ip-\-\-bp--Xp ImWp-tm \psS Iv \\-b-Ww. Ah-cpsS
]pn-cn-bn \psS lrZ-b-n \nemhv ]c--Ww.
an-sbpw s]n-sbpw t]cn-em-bn-cpp BZy-Im-e-bp--. km{am-Py- shnn-Sm-m cmPm-am bp-`q-X-sf Xpd-p-hn-p.
* cmjv-{S- Xn-ep AXnn-Ifpw thXn-cn-hp-Ifpw kmt-XnIw am{X-am-Wv.
Ah a\p-jy kuI-cymw krjvSn--Xm-Wv. Fm bp-fpw BZyw s]mn-p-ds-Sp-Xv a\p-jy-a-\-kn-em-Wv. AXv Hcp cmjv{S--e-h-ttbm ssk\n-I-ta-[m-hn-bpsStbm a\-kn-em-Imw. P\--fpsS a\-kn hntZz-j-ns Xo ]SpI FXmWv AXns asmcp coXn. cmPy- Xn-ep bp--sf--t]mse B`y--cbp--fpw kPo-h-am-Wv.
* \nk-lm-b-cmb a\p-jyv Pohn-X-a-Sw khhpw \jvS-s-Sp-p-I-bmWv bp sNbvXn-p--Xv.
* A[n-Im-c-n\pw A[n-\n-th-i-n\pw th-n-bp kzm-Xm-cy-amWv a\pjy-Ip-es shn-ap-dn-m t{]c-W-bm-bn-p--Xv. ]e Ime-L---fnepw Ccw
Iog-S--ep-I Ncn-{X-n m\w ]nSn-n-cp-p. {]Ir-Xn-hn-`-h-p-th--n, D--fpsS hn]-Wn-p-th-n Hcp hn`m-Kw, `qcn-]w hcp km[m-c-W-mpta bpw ASn-tn-p-p.
* Cpw A[n-\n-th-i-n\pw kzm-tam-l-pw th-n temI-ns ]e
`mKpw \nc-]-cm-[n-I-fpsS cw hoWp-sIm--n-cn-p-I-bm-Wv. bpNn{Xo-I-c-W-fmbpw bp-n-s\-Xn-cm-bp {]Xn-tj-[--fmbpw \nc-h[n krjvSn-I kKm-I, kmln-Xy-tem-Iv CSw t\Sn-bn-p--v. kmlnXyw, Nn{X-I-e, Ne-n{Xw Fn-h-bnsemw bp-cw-K- i-amb coXn-bn Bhn-jvI-cn--s-n-p--v. kwkvIm-c-sbpw \mK-cn-I-X-sb-bp-sams Inta Ip-ti-jn-msX XIs-dn-bp bps-Xnsc a\p-jy-a-\-m-n-bp-WpI F ZuXyw Fgp-p-Im ]-p-apXt Gs- S p- n- p- - v . bp- t mSv ]pdw- X n- c nv \nm- \ p at\m- ` m- h - a p- - m nbpw Cc-I-fpsS ssZ\yw hc-p-Im-nbpw C\n-sbmcp bpw thWtam Fv
s\p ssIhv Nnn-n-p-amWv Ah-cXv \nd-th-n-b-Xv.

bp- Fpw a\p-jy-cm-insb \in-n-n-t-bp-q. \nc-h[n ]pcm-W-I-YI CXn\v ZrjvSm--fmWv. Fgp--s alm-`m-cXw Infn-m-nse kv{Xo]hn \ns-Sp Kmm-co-hn-em]w CXv Hman-n-p-p. A[n-Im-cn-I bp-ap-m-p-tm AXnse shdp-samcp D]-I-c-W-am-bn-o-cm hn[n--s ]m-f-mcpsS IY-bmWv XI-gn-bpsS ]m-f-m-c. shSn-sbm-bpw hnem-]--fp-sam-pw
tIn-msX \ni-_vZ-ambn bp-`o-I-cX [z\n-n-pp F-XmWv Cu IY-bpsS
khn-ti-j-X. hymk ]dtm ]d-bm-sXtbm IS-p-t]mb ka-ky-Iv D-cwtX-SpI F kK-{]-{In-b-bmWv `mc-X-]-cy-S-\-n-eqsS Ipn-r-jvW-am-cm Gs-Sp-Xv. APp-\-hn-jm-Z-tbmKw F teJ\w bp-ns \njv^-e-X-bn-emWv Dup-Xv. Bbp[w \njv^-e-ambnocp k`- Nq-n-mn bp-hn-cp Nnbn-tev hmb-\-msc \bn-p-I-bmWv amcm.
ap--hsc Iog-S-m-\p hgn Bbp[w {]tbm-Kn--e ; kvt\lw {]tbmKn--emWv. a\-kn-s\-bmWv Iog-S-t-- Xv. Bbp-[-fpw bp-fpw Dt]-n--emWv a\k-am-[m-\-n-\p hgn.
Cu bqWn-n N-sN-p Bibw bpZv[-hm-I, bp-`o-I-cX \ng-en-p
Nn{X-, bp-hn-cp ktiw Dsm-p kn\n-a-I, almam-cpsS bp-hncp hN-\-, bpw {]ta-b-ambn hcp hnhn[ kmln-Xy-cq-]--fn-se `mK-
Fn-h-bn-eqsS bp-hn-cp at\m-`mhw Ipn-I-fn-te-s-n-m {in-p-atm?
{]h\w
A[ym-]-I _n._nbn Hcp hmNIw Ipdn-pp
bpw A_w
Ipn-I-fpsS {]Xn-I-c-W- Bcm-bpp (_n.-_n)
Fn- s \ms th- n - b mWv bp- D- m - b n- p- Xv
D-c- env sNpp (_n.-_n)
A[n-Im-cw, A[n-\n-th-iw, km-n-Iw, {]Ir-Xn-hn-`-h-, Ah-Im-i- Fo
hnj-b--fn {]Xn-I-c-W- e`n----hn[w A[ym-]-I CS-s]-tS-- Xm-Wv.
ap hnj-b-smw ap-s-cn-bm, Imth-co-\-Zo-P-e-Xw, AXnn- sXep-m\ t]mep {]mtZ-in-I-hmZw XpS-nb hnj-b--fn-tep IqSn IpnI- f psS {isb sIm- p - h - t c- - X m- W v .
hni-I-e-\-p-dnv
sImmsX sImm--sX--h Xs\o
sImn--bt{X \n\p ck-satSm
Kmm-co-hn-em]w Fgp--
shpI, apdn-p-I,
]p-sh-pI {Kmaw,
]\w P\-]-Z
samsbpw sImpw Xnpw
hmgpI ]pen-I-fm-bv,

knwl--fmbpw
ay-cm-hp-I-am{Xw h!
PpX Pbn-pp
Aim-n-]hw H.-F.hn Ipdpv
temI-ns hn[n Hmbn Iq-s--s-n-cn-p-p. C\n-sbmcp AWp-bpw D-mbm Bcpw AXns\ AXn-Po-hn-n-. Hp-In H-s-mbn Pohn-mw. As-n
H-s-mbn acnmw
tUm. Fkv .cm-[m-Ir-jvW
Imhy-`m-K-fpw KZy-`m-Khpw Nmn {]Zin-n-pp
Aym-]-I tNmZy- D-bn-pp
Fp-sIm--mWv Kmmcn Cs\ hne-]n-p-Xv?
arK--fn \npw ]cn-Wmaw kw`-hn a\p-jy B[p-\n-I-Im-ev arK-Xp-ey-cmhp-I-bmtWm?
C\n-sbmcp temI-a-lm-bp--ap--m-bm Fm-bn-cnpw A\--c-^-e-?
Ipn-I-fpsS {]Xn-I-cWw
N
A[ym-]-Is t{ImUo-I-cWw
kqN-\-I-fnse Bi-bhpw ka-Im-enI kml-N-cy-fpw ]cn-K-Wnv hni-I-e-\-pdnv Xbm-dm-m-\m-h-iy-s-Sp-p.
Ah-X-cWw
sa-s-Sp-
{]`m-jWw
Ip Ipw-shp
]ocn \npw bp
n-cn-q-n ]
a\p-jy NX-bp-tm
Fp- s Im- - p - b n
\nfo aopw hoWm
X{n-bn kvt\l-ns
Km\-ho-Nn-I-sfmpw
\mK-km-n-bnse Ipcniv hb-em cma-ha
In-cn-qv I{Xn-I-qv
emtlm apX Aar-Xvk hsc-bp \qdp Intem-ao- tZio-b-]m-X-bn Hcp aodn Hcp ihw F \ne-bn InS-n-cp-p. ]m-_n-sebpw _olm-dn-sebpw hb-epI-fn s\n\pw tKmX-n\pw ]Icw a\p-jys ih-i-cocw Xe-Io-gmbn Ipn\nn-bn-cn-p--Xmbn ImW-sp
Cym]mIv hn`-P-\-Im-es ]{X-hm
Imhy-`m-K-nepw ]{X-hm-bnepw Is--m Ign-bp Bi-b- Fsms-bmWv?
C-c-n bp-ns Bkp-cX hy-am-p kw`-h- \n-fpsS {i-

bns- n- pt- m ?
bp-n-s\-Xnsc {]hn-p GsXmw hyn-I-tfbpw kwL-S-\-I-sfbpw
\n-dnbmw?
(A-[ym-]-Is CS-s]-S Bh-iy-am-Wv)
{]Xn-I-c-W- Ipdn-p-p(-_n.-_n)
N
A[ym-]-Is t{ImUo-I-cWw
Bi-b- {]tbm-P-\-s-Sp-n-sm-v lntcm-jnam Zn\-n bp-hn-cp ktiw
Dsm-p {]`m-jWw Xbm-dm-m Bh-iy-s-Sp-p.
Ah-X-cWw
sa-s-Sp-
FUn-tm-dn-b
lntcm-jn-a-bn AWp-hn-kvt^m-S-\-n 1,30,000 a\p-jy Nmc-ambn
\mK-km-n-bn 75,000
hnb-v\m-an 40,000,000
Cdm-n 10,00,000
`bw {Kkn-n-cn-p--h am{Xta tXmpw AXp-t]m-ep Bbp-[-fpw FSp-pI-bpq
KmnPn
Fm a\p-jypw th-Xv kam-[m-\w. ]t bpw Ah-km-\n-n-m Bpw
Ign-bp-n
entbm tSmtmbn
Am-cmjv{S \nb-a--fpw a\p-jym-h-Imi DS--Sn-Ifpw Imn-d-n-sm--mWv
Cv km{am-PyXz in-I `qap-J-msI bp- Agn-p-hn-Sp--Xv.
Ch Nmn {]Zin-n-p-p.
A[ym-]-I tNmZy- D-bn-pp
kqN-\-I-fnse Bi-b- Fsm-s-bmWv?
Cu Bi-b--fpsS ka-Im-enI {]kn Fv?
Ipn-I-fpsS {]Xn-I-cWw
N
XpSv kqN-\-I-fpsS klm-b-tmsS FUn-tm-dn-b Xbm-dm-m-\m-h-iy-s-Sp-p.
Ah-X-cWw
{Kqn anI FUn-tm-dn-b-ep-I-fpsS amXr-I-I hnX-cWw sNp-p.
`mjm-]-c-amb {]tXy-IX, Xe-s-ns Bh-iy-I-X, Bi-b-{I-ao-I-c-Ww, ]cn-lm-c\ntZ-i- Fnh t_m[y-s-Sp-p coXn-bn N
sa-s-Spn Ah-X-cWw
]Z-t-bpsS kucyw

`oas B-P `oam--P


A-\mb hr A-hr-
(_n.-_n)
]Z- tNp-]-tbm-Kn--tm Fp khn-ti-j-X-bmWv A\p-`-h-s-Xv?
Ipn-I-fp-sS- {]-Xn-I-cWw
IqSp-X ]Z- \Ipp
bmZ-h-kv{Xo-I
lrZ-b-t`-ZIw
hymtkm-]-tZiw
]m]-]-cn-lmcw
]nXr-LmXn
Ipn-I ]Z--fpsS tN sIm-p KpWw Xncn--dn-bpp
]Z-ns HXp--n\v
]Z-v in e`n-m
AhyX hcp-m
`mjm-]-c-amb ku-cy-n\v
IqSp-X ]Z- ]mT-`m-K--fn \nv Is--m {in-p-atm?
hn`-n-{]-Xy-b-tfm at-sX-nepw {]Xy-b-tfm IqSmsX ]Z- Xn
IqSn-t-cp--Xn-s\-bmWv kamkw Fp-]-d-bp--Xv.

bqWnv 4
Imbnt]-cn ]qa-Xn-p-thm
DXp-ms InW Imcq
hn- Ime- S n- I ]n. `mkv I - c
ASp-q Anw
IS-ens hv Hcp hoSv am[-hn-pn
BapJw
* Fm Imcy-n-sbpw {]tbm-P-\-s-p-dn-p AXn-cp-I-hn Bi a\pjyp--v. Pohn-X-hn-Pbw As-n hnP-bn PohnXw FmWv F-XmWv {]k-amb tNmZyw
B\w t\Sp-I, kzmyw t\SpI FXv a\p-jys Fm-m-e-sbpw At\z-jW--fn apJy-am-Wv. Cu kzmyw ]W-n-eq-sSbpw A[n-Im-c-n-eq-sSbpw
am{Xta e`nq F sXmb Nn-bn F-s-n-cn-p-I-bm-Wv Cu Ime-L-w.
hnP-bn-sv \mw Icp-Xpp. Pohn-X--sfmw Bg-n At\z-jn-m hnP-bs-p-dn-p Af-hp-tIm-ep-I amn-bm Hcp ]t kqW ]cm-P-b-sa-mbncnpw \mw Is- - p- - X v .
henb ifw Inp sXmgn, AXp-ambn _-s Xnc-p-I, A[n-Im-c-t{iWn-bnse {][m\ CSw, B`m-S-]qW-amb PohnXw CsXm-s-bmWv \mK-cn-I-kaqlw s]mXpsh Pohn-X-hn-P-b-ns Af-hp-tIm-embn ImWp--Xv. kzw hnPbw, kzw t\w F-Xn-\-pdw kaq-l-ns ]ptcm-KXn F Bi-b-n-tev
AXv hnI-kn-m-dp-an-. ]pXnb Xe-ap-dn-bpsS A`n-cpNn IqSp-X `uXn-I-ambn
amdpp Fp Icp- t X- - n - b n- c n- p- p.
* IpSpw-_-_---sfbpw kulr-Z--sfbpw `uXn-I-t\---fp-ambn am{Xw _-sSpnmWp Ah--bm-Wn-Xv.
* kz]v\-fpw {]Xo--Ifpw Dt]-nv XnI {]tbm-P-\-hm-Z-n A`n-c-anp Ah-. [man-I-tcmjw Fsv Adn-bm ]pXnb Xe-ap-d. Pohn-Xns \nkm-cX Xncn--dn-m Cu WnI kpc \nan-js ]cw ]mn-ensbpw shn-n-Sn--en-sbpw kwLj--fn-tev \apv hen-s-dn-bm-\m-hn-.
A-bpsS kvt\lw D]m-[n-I-fn-m kvt\l-am-sWv ]d-bm-dp--tm? t\Sp-Xns B\--s-m {][m-\-amWv \Ip--Xns B\w Fv AXv \s ]Tnn-p-p.
kz-X, ktmjw Fn-h-tbmSv tNv \np HmWv Pohn-X-hn-P-b-san \mw sNdp-sXv Icp-Xp ]e Pohn-X--fp-amWv alm-hn-P-b--sfv ]d-tb-n-h-cpw. a\p-jy-\a Pohn-X-{h-X-am-n-b, kl-Pohn kvt\l-ns Db amXrI-bmWv DXp-m F IYm-]m-{Xw. Hcp kaq-l-ns tamN-\-n\pth-n
s]mXpXn Zqc- Xm- n b , hn- p - I o- d nb ]mZ- Xs Pohn- X - ns aqe- [ - \ ambn ImWp Ihnsb hn- Ime-Sn-I F Ihn-X-bn \mw ]cn-N-b-s-Sp-p.
\K-c-Po-hn-X-ns kw`-h-_-lp-e-amb hj- ]nnv {Kma-n-se-p-tm

kzmyhpw ku-cyhpw Xncn-p-]n-Sn-p Ihnsb ASp-q F Ihn-X-bn


\mw ImWp-p. IS-ens hv Hcp hoSv F IY-bnse bphmhv sXcp-hn-em-bn-cnp-tmfpw IS-ens kwKo-Xhpw BIm-i-nse \-{X-fpw Xs `mKy-ambn
ImWm {ian-p-p.
* Bg-n-ep hnai-\-tm hni-I-e-\-tm apXn-cmsX Fn-s\bpw
D]-cn--h-ambn am{Xw hne-bn-cp-p coXn ]pXnb Xe-apd kzmb--am-n-bn-cn-pp.
* Bi-b-tm {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-tm th-n ITn-\-ambn ]cn-{i-an-m-\p
a\kv ]e-tmgpw a\p-jy\v \jvS-am-bn-cn-p-p.
* Hmtcm-n-t\bpw kzw Bh-iy-hp-ambn am{Xw _-s-Spn hne-bn-cp-p--Xn\mWv a\p-jy {ian-p--Xv.
* hn]-Wn-bpsS Bh-iy-- a\p-jys ka-kvX-taJ-e-I-fnepw IS-p-h-cp-p.
`uXn-I-amb t\-pw Apdw a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-n thsdbpw A-fpw
ey--fp-ap--v. app-n-qhv \apv BmZw ]It-mw. Fm BXvam-\-n\v Ap-d-tv t]mIm\pw \apv Ign-b-Ww. AXv a\p-jyv \abpw
kvt\lhpw ]Ip-sIm--m-h-Ww. henb Hcp Pohn-X-hyq-l-nse Hcp In am{XamWv a\p-jy. {]Ir-Xn-tbmSpw kaq-l-tmSpw KpW-]-c-ambn CS-s]-p-sIm-v Pohnp-tmtg PohnXw Bm-Z-I-chpw hnP-b-{]-Z-hp-am-Ip-I-bp-q.
hni-I-e-\-p-dnv Xbm-dm-
hn- Ime-Sn-I F Ihn-X-bn ]cm-ain--s-Sp ]pcm-W-I-Ym-]m{Xw Bcv?
A[ym-]-I Hcp Ipn-tbmSv An-e-kns IY ]d-bm-\m-h-iy-s-Sp-p.
Cu IYbvv Imhy-`m-K-p {]kn Fv?
Ipn-I hyn-K-X-ambn A`n-{]m-b- ]p-sh-p-p.
ap-am-bp _-amWv a\p-jys in Fpw AXp \jvS-s-Sp--XmWv B[p\nI a\p-jys ]e {]iv\-pw Imc-W-am-Ip--sX-p-ap Xncn-n-dn-hn-tev
Ipn-Isf \bn-p-p.
XpSv hni-I-e-\-n-\mbn Nne hcn-I \Ipp
Ihn, IrXn Fnh hni-I-e-\-p-dn-n Ds-SWw. mkv dqw {]h\w
F \nebn hni-I-e-\-p-dnv Xbm-dm-p-tm {]ta-b-]-c-amb khn-ti-jXIfpw Imhy- ` m- K s [z\n- X - e fpw Is- - p- - X n\v Ipnsb klm- b np tNmZy--fn-eqsS {]h\w {Iao-I-cn--Ww. Bkzm-Z-\mw-i-, ImenI{]-kn Fnh kqNn-n-Ww
Ane-kns IY kqNn-n-p--Xp-sIm-v Imhy-k-`-n\v hssI-h-cp khnti-j-X-sbv?
hni-I-e-\-p-dnv Xbm-dm-pI
an-Xn hoWn-Sp thn-s-bppw Ibvpw
Fn-te-m-hm-lnpw in-kw-`-c-Wn-I
Ah t]msb-neo Rm asm-cm-fm-bn-ocpw
Ah-\o-_w hnsm-c-n-e-kn-s\-tmse

Ipn-I hyn-K-X-ambn hni-I-e-\-p-dnv Xbm-dm-pp


{Kqn Ah-X-cWw
s]mXp-A-h-X-cWw
sa-s-Spn Fgp-X

(bqWn-nse hni-I-e\ km[y-X-bp ]Zy-`m-K- Is-n IqSp-X ]cn-io-e-\n-\mbn \Im {in-p-I).


hni-I-e-\-p-dnv
A[ym-]-I Nne tNmZy- D-bn-pp
IS-ens hv Hcp hoSv F IY-bnse IYm-]m-{X- Bscm-s-bmWv?
Adp-ap-J, kv{Xo, sNdp--m-c Fo IYm-]m-{X--sf-p-dn-p {]Xn-I-cWw
Ipdn-m Bh-iy-s-Sp-p. (hyn-K-Xw)
GXm\pw Ipn-I Ah-X-cn-n-p-p.
(IYm-]m-{X--fpsS kz`mh khn-ti-j-Xbpw Pohn-X-]-m--ehpw hy-am-m-\pX-Ip Hcp eLp-N \S-m-hp--Xm-Wv)
ap c-p IYm-]m-{X--fn \npw sNdp--m-c F-s\-bmWv thdn-p-\npXv?
(I-jvS-m-Sp-In-S-bnepw \ne-\np {]km-Zm--I-amb Pohn-X-ho--Ww).
(Nmen Nmn, Sn.-]-Zva-\m-`s {]Imiw ]c-p Hcp s]Ipn Fnh Nbn IS-p-h-cp-Xv DNn-Xw)
Pohn- X - n Ccw {]km- Z m- - I - a mb Imgv N - mSv \nt- - X p- s - Xncn- - d n- h ntev Ipnsb \bn--Ww.
XpSv tNmZyw D-bn-p-p.
C\n F\nv FmWv Hcp hoSp--m-IpI? Fs PohnXw \inp
\psS BsI-bp kzm-bn-cpp B ]pX-v. AXv \o Fn\v sImSpp?
Abm FtmSv kwKo-X-s-p-dnv kwkm-cn-p.
IS-ens hv Hcp hoSv F IY-bn hyXykvX k`--fnse kv{XobpsS
{]Xn-I-c-W- {in-p-h-tm. Ch hni-I-e\w sNbvXv kv{XobpsS Pohn-X-tmSp at\m-`mhw hy-amn Ipdnv Xbm-dm-p-I.
c-v k`--fn-sebpw kv{XobpS {]Xn-I-c-W- ASn-m-\-amn
Pohn-X-ho--W-n h am-amWv hni-I-e\w sNt-- Xv.
bqWn-nse kam-\-k-`- Is---s. hni-I-e-\-km[yX Ipnsb ]cn-N-bs-Sp-p-atm?

{]Xn-I-c-W-p-dnv
Anw ANyp-X \q-Xn-cn-bpsS ASp-q F IhnX \n ]cn-N-bs-p-h-tm. \n-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-n \K-c-Po-hn-X-amtWm {Kma-Po-hn-X-amtWm
A`n-Imayw?
Ipn-I A`n-{]mbw hyn-K-X-ambn tcJ-s-Sp-pp
Ah-X-cWw
N
\K-c-Po-hn-X-ns Ir{Xn-a-Xzhpw {Kma-Po-hn-X-ns ss\a-eyhpw
A\p-`-hn--dn BfmWv Ihn. {Kma-Po-hn-X-ns \a-I-fn-tev
Ipnsb Fn-p hn[-n-em-bn-cn-Ww Imhy-`m-K-hp-ambn
_- s N \S- t - - X v .
{Kmao-W-Xbpw \mK-cn-I-Xbpw Xn-ep kwLj-amWv ASp-q F
IhnX. Cu {]kvXm-h-\-tbm-Sp {]Xn-I-cWw hy-amn Ipdnv Xbm-dm-p-I.
{]Xn-I-c-W-p-dnpw hni-I-e-\-p-dnpw
kam-\-kz-`mhw ]pep--h-bm-Wv.
{]Xn-I-c-W-p-dn-n kzw
\nco--W-n-\mWv {]m[m-\yw.
cN\ (hy-n-K-Xw)
Ah-X-c-Ww, N, sa-s-Sp-
(]mT-`m-K--fnse {]Xn-I-c-W-km-[y-X-bp k`- Is-n \Ip-atm?)
ASp-q-Wnse Ihnbpw DXp-m\pw Xn Fs-nepw kmay-apt-m?
(kz-X tXSn {Kma-n-se-p Ihn, {Kma-n-tev IS-p-h-cp \K-c-ns
kwLj-v Cc-bm-hp DXp-m)
DXp-ms {]h-\-sf \n Fs\ t\mn-m-Wp-p?
kaq-l-\a ey-amn {]hn ap hyn-Xz-sf Adn-bmtam?
CS-h-gn-bn s]cp-hgn \q
s]cp-h-gntb t]m NmXo
........................................................
........................................................
]e- X pt- Zpcn- X -
hgn shp--h-tcmSv F.-F. ImSv

F Ihn-X-bpsS Bibw Cu k`-n {]tbm-P-\-s-Sp-m-hp--Xm-Wv.


hyn-t\---pdw kaq-l-\a ey-amn {]hn--hsms Pohn-Xn Xncn- - S n- I D- m - b n- p- - v .
tNmZyw
B InW Ipgn ssIsIm-v \nI-p-I. ]ntbpw Pohn-n-cn-p-I, \asb XSbp \mK-cn-I-X-bpsS Imev \n-sI Bfp-I-fpsS CS-bn.... B hr-t\-{X \nd-sm-gp-In.
DXp-ms InW-dnse Cu k`-tmSv \n-fpsS {]Xn-I-c-W-sa-mWv?
hy-n-KX cN\
Ah-X-cWw
sa-s-Sp-
(bq-Wn-nse ap IYm-k-`--fnse {]Xn-I-c-W-km-[yX Ipn-Iv \I-Ww)

IYm-]m-{X-\n-cq-]Ww
A\y-Po-h-\p-XIn kzPo-hnXw
[\y-am-p-a-ate hnth-In-I
Ahs lrZ-b-ip-n-bpsS ASn--p-Im-Wm-s\--hw InW Npgn-n-dn.
hcn-I Nmn {]Zin-n-pp
hcn-I-fpsS Bibw FmWv?
{]Xn-I-c-W-sf DXp-ms Pohn-X-hp-ambn _-s-Spn N \bn-m
A[ym-]-I {in-Ww.
FmWv DXp-ms PohnX ]m-ew?
kl-Po-hn-I-tfm-Sp DXp-m at\m-`mhw FmWv?
DXp-ms {]h-\- Fsm-s-bm-bn-cpp?
Cu {]h-\--tfm-Sp kaq-l-ns {]Xn-I-cWw Fm-bn-cpp?
tNmZy--tfm-Sp Ipn-I-fpsS {]Xn-I-c-W--fn \npw DXp-m F IYm-]m-{Xns hyn-Xz-k-hn-ti-j-X-I hy-am-p coXn-bn t{ImUo-I-c-Ww.
DXp-ms Zpc--amWv Cu IY-bn Bhn-jvI-cn-p--sX-nepw \a-bp-sSbpw
a\p-jy-Xz-n-sbpw {]Imiw ChnsS hym]n-p-In-S-p-p.
AIv_ I-n-ens \nco-Ww IqSn ]cn-K-Wn-p-sIm-v DXp-m\v Hcp IYm-]m-{X\n-cq-]Ww Xbm-dm-p-I.
A hyXymkw Is- - pI
]S-tbmw XpSn
]S Hmw XpSn
Ipn Nmv hmn
Ipn-mv hmn

Bkzm-Z\w

{]tabw
Ihn, IrXn
Bibw
kam-\-IrXn
Imen-I-{]-kn
`mj/_nw_-I\/BJym\w
kzw \nco-Ww

Bkzm-Z-\-p-dn-s-gp-Xp-tm ]cn-K-Wn-t- Cu LS-I-sf Ipn-I-fn Dd-nm th- {]h- \ - mkv dqap- I - f n \S- t - - X p- - v . Xn- c n- p IhnX-I D]-tbm-K-s-Sp-p-atm?
R - v
Hcp ]mhw R- n Zpc- - s a- - s - n
Hcp ]mhw Rs- - pam{Xw
IY-bpsS t]cn-se-p-am-hmw, AX-s-n
Hcp t]cn-se-n-cn-pp
I- X p Imb- c - b n- e m- W m- s - c pw
R- n - s \, a- t fm- s Smw
X-X ta\n-bn-em\ Ifn-p
\pp-\p-dp-p-I a
Ipcp-Ip-sc-sm-pp s]mXn-bp Xsb
Ipdp-a-Wn-t]m-sebmw a
amd-p-Ip-n-a-dn-bp aX
`mc-a-dn-bp-o-e
Gdp-am-\w Xfp-pthm?X
GtXmab--n-emtWm?
Hp aSn \nh-cpp Imep-I
]ns-b-\--an-tXpw
Xsb a sRcn-p-p-thm, Iq
app-I hnn-s\-tmse?
sImm-a-sm-p-, ]-bvp-X-s-bm
sbmp Xnpp
Hcp ]d-bn \np-g-p-I-sf--t]m
sNdp-Xp-I-sfm-gn-hm-bn-tmsI
Cn-cn-tmc s]mSn--t]m aqhn
apn-p-Sp-n an

I- p Rm; tNdn- n- S - p- s m- c m- s cpw


R- n s tXmSp- I am{Xw
Fnt\m Rm\Xp t\mn-\ns,bsXm
cny X Nn{X-am-hp-p.
H.-F.hn Ipdpv
Nne am{Xw
Nne am{Xw Fn-\mWv
sh-an-m-Xm-Ipp Fv hnfn-p-]-d-bp-Xv?
Nne am{Xw
Nne am{Xw Fn-\mWv
]md-I-sf-p-dnv hymIp-e-s-Sp-Xv/?
Nne am{Xw
Nne am{Xw Fn-\mWv
Ipp-Iv Iqn-cn-p-Xv?
Nne am{Xw
Nne am{Xw Fn-\mWv
tKm{X-a-\p-jy-sc-n kwkm-cn-p-Xv?
Nne am{Xw
Nne am{Xw Fn-\mWv
hoSv \jvS-s--hsmw hgn--h-e-bn?
Nne am{Xw
Nne am{Xw Fn-\mWv
`qan-bn-m--hsmw ae-s-cp-hn \np-Xv?
Nne am{Xw
Nne am{Xw Fn-\mWv
Dcw Inm tNmZy-v
Dcw tXSn-tm-Ip-Xv?
Nne am{Xw.
Fkv. tPmk^v
Xcw Xncn-pI
sse{_-dn-bn-tev hmnb ]pkvX-I--fmWv Xmsg sImSp-n-cn-p--Xv. Ah
kmln-Xy-cq-]--fpsS({]-m-\w) ASn-m-\-n Xcw-Xn-cn-p-I.

ags]pp afw sImpp


]mSp aX-cn-I
a-gn-p-g-bpsS Xoc--fn
s]mXn-tmdv
amsmen
sImgn Ce-I
]mT- ` m- K - p- \ npw IrXn- I sfbpw IYm- ] m- { X- - s fbpw Fgp- p- I m- s cbpw
hyXy- k v X - c o- X n- b n ]n- I - s - S pn Ipn- I sf Cu {]h- \ - n- t ev
kamp-atm ?

bqWnv 5
tZi-s-cpa
s]mm-\n Bnv \q-Xncn
XIw
IS--\n IS--\n cma-Ir-jvW
Dcp-fn-Ip-sX epn-\n-b-I k-dnb

BapJw
* Fgp-X-s Ncn-{X-n-\-pdw Hmtcm tZi-n\pw AXn-t-Xmb kqva Ncn-{X-fp--v.
`mc-Xo-b-Xbpw tIc-fo-b-Xbpw \psS Fgp-p-Imsc BIjn-p-Wnb
BZi-h-cn--s Bi-b- Xs-bm-bn-cp-p. kmln-Xy-tem-Iv tZiw
F hmv A-am-p-Xv Rm Nhn-n-\np, Fs cq]-s-Sp-nb
Fs \mSv F bmYmy-am-Wv. AXv Hcp ktam Bi-btam A; A\p-`hhpw A`n-am-\-hp-am-Wv.
* P\-a-\-kp-I-fnepw Pohn-X-n-ep-amWv tZi-ns kqva-N-cn{Xw Pohn-p--Xv.
* tZi-ns kq-a-N-cn{Xw Bte-J\w sNbvX H-\-h[n kmln-Xy-Ir-Xn-I aebm-f-n-ep--v. ]pXp-\m-K-cn-I-X-bpsS ISpIbw hfsc thK-n-emWv tIc-fob
{Kma-sf amn-a-dn--Xv. {Kma-Nn{Xw A\p-Zn\w an-p-S-n. PohnXw IqSp-X
Iep-jhpw koW-hp-am-bn-p-S-n. \mK-cn-I-amb ]pXnb bpn-Ifpw {]h-W-XIfpw {Kma-Po-hn-X-ns Xmf-sbpw X\n-a-sbbpw \mSp-I-S-n. ]pXnb Imetan kwLj- n- S - b n- e n- c p- p- s Im- v Xs- s Is- - m\pw Xncn-dn-bm-\p-ap {iaw \psS Fgp-p-Imsc Ah-c-h-cpsS tZi--fn-tev Xncn-phn-fn-p-I-bp--m-bn. ae-bm-f-n Hcp tZi-ns IYbpw sXcp-hns IYbpw
D-m-bn. X{kmv F D\m-S {Kmaw Jkm-ns CXn-lm-k-ambn ]p\P-\np.
* kmwkvIm-cn-I-amb ]cn-Wm-a--sf-p-dnv [mcW e`n-p--Xn\v tZi-ns
kqv a - N - c n{Xw Xncn- - d n- t b- - X p- - v .
* tZi-ns `mj, kmwkvIm-cn-I--\n-a, `q{]-IrXn Fn-hsb ASp--dnm am{Xta Hcm kwkvIm-c-k---\m-Ip-I-bp-q.
* tZi-hp-ambn _-s anp-I, BNm-cm-\p-jvTm-\- XpS-n-bh At\z-jnp-Ibpw tcJ-s-Sp-p-Ibpw sNp--Xn\v ]pXnb Imev Gsd {]m[m-\y-ap--v.
temIs Hcp apgp hn]-Wn-bmbn amm-\p Bkq-{Xn-X- {ia-sf sNdp-W- s a- n {]mtZ- i n- I - - \ n- a - I - s f- p- d n- p ho- p - h n- N mcw \ap- p- - m - I - W w.

* tZi-kw-kvIm-cs Xncn--dn-bp-tm-gmWv {]mtZ-inI `mj sshhn-[y-n-\p


D]m-[n-sb--Xn-ep-]cn kwkvIm-c--\n-a-bpsS IqSn {]Xn-^-e-\-am-Ip--Xv. tZis
Bhn-jvI-cn-m Fgp-p-Im hyXy-kvX-amK--fmWv kzoI-cn-p-h-cp--Xv. \qXncn hc-I-fn-eq-sSbpw tImhn-e khn-ti-j-amb BJym-\-n-eq-sSbpw k-dnb
teJ-\-n-eq-sSbpw IS--\n Ihn-X-bn-eq-sS-bp-amWv tZi-ns Hma-I hncnbn-s-Sp-p--Xv.
\qXncn s]mm-\n-bn-eqsS hcp Imp-Xv ae-_m-dnse P\--fpsS `mj,
kwkvImcw, `q{]-IrXn Fn-h-bm-Wv. tImhn-e X-I-ns cN-\-bvp-]-tbm-KnXv hp-h-\m-S `mjbpw B {]-tZ-i-ns kwkvIm-chpw `q{]-Ir-Xn-bp-am-Wv.
IS--\n---hn-X-bn thWm-p-`m-jbpw kwkvIm-chpw `q{]-Ir-Xnbpw IS-p-h-cpp. a[y-Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dns `mj-bpsS ku-cyhpw `q{]-Ir-Xnbpw kwkvIm-chpw
{]I-S-am-p--XmWv k-dn-b-bpsS teJ-\w. tIc-f-ns `mj-bp-sSbpw `q{]-IrXn-bp-sSbpw kwkvIm-c-n-sbpw Hcp ]cn-t-Z-amWv tZi-s-cpa F bqWn-v.
Poh-N-cn-{X-p-dnv Xbm-dm-
IS--\n--bpsS Nn{Xw {]Zin-n-pp
(Ip- n- I Ihnsb Xncn- - d n- b p- p- - v )
IS--\n cma-Ir-jvW
e-tcv kzw t]cmn amnb av Fgp-p-Imsc Adn-bmtam?
(XI-gn, ae-bm-q, Xntm-Sn-b, s]cp--Shw XpSn IqSp-X Fgp-p-Imsc
Is- - m A[ym- ] - I klm- b n- t - - X m- W v ) .
IS--\n F e-ns khn-ti-j-X-I Adn-bmtam?
(]-S-bWn Hma-s-Sp--Ww)
IS--\n F Ihn-sb-p-dnv \ns--dnbmw?

PohnX Ime-Lw
{]tZiw
amXm-]n-Xm-
hnZym-`ymkw
sXmgn
kmln-Xy-kw-`m-h-\-I
]pc-kvIm-c-
cN\m khn-ti-j-X-I
kmaq-ly-kmw-kvIm-cnI kw`m-h-\-I

kqN-\-Ip-cw e`n-p cq]-n N \Sn hni-Zmw-i--fn-tev IpnIsf \bn-Ww.


Is--nb hnh-c- Ipn-I tcJ-s-Sp-p-p.
tcJ-s-Sp-nb hnh-c- t{ImUo-I-cnv Poh-N-cn-{X-p-dnv Xbm-dm-m
\ntZiw \Ip-p.
cN\
Ah-X-cWw
(C-Xp-t]mse ]mT-`m-K--fnse {][m\ Fgp-p-Imsc ]cn-N-b-s-Sp-p-a-tm)
A`n-apJ tNmZym-hen
A[ym-]-I tNmZy- D-bn-p-p.
-- IS--\n F Ihn-X-bn-eqsS Ihn FmWv Bhn-jvI-cn-Xv?
kzw tZis Ggp-n-em-hn-jvI-cnv thsdbpw Fgp-p-Im-cnt?
Fm-hcpw tZis Htc coXn-bn-emtWm Bhn-jvI-cn-p-Xv?
(I-Y, Ihn-X, teJ-\w)
tZim-hn-jvIm-c-n\v at-sX-nepw am[y-a- D]-tbm-Kn--h-cpt-m?
(h-c \q-Xn-cn, `mkvI-c)
tZi-c-N\ \S-p-tm Fsmw Adn-bWw?
(`m-j, Pohn-X-co-Xn, kwkvIm-cw, Ie-I, `q{]-Ir-Xn, Ncn-{Xw, hyn-I....)

Hmtcm tZi-n\pw AXn-t-Xmb kmwkvIm-cnI\n-a-bp-s-pw


AXv Xncn--dn-bp-tm-gmWv \ \-sf-s Xncn--dn-bp-sX- p- a p [mcW mkn cq]- s - t S- - X p- - v .

\psS \mSn\pw C-c-n-ep khn-ti-j-X-I-fnt?


\psS \mSns kwkvIm-cn-I-N-cn{Xw Xncn--dn-bm Fsmw amK- kzoIcnmw?
(ap-Xn-h, {K-)
A-s\-bm-sW-n \n-fpsS \mSns khn-ti-j-X-I Xncn--dn-bm-\mbn
apXn hyn-bp-ambn \S-p A`n-ap-J-n\v Bh-iy-amb tNmZym-hen Xbmdm-p-I.

tNmZy- {lkzhpw efn-Xhpw hy-hp-ambncn-Ww.


A\p-{I-a-am-bn-cn--Ww.
Bh\w ]mSn-.
hni-Zmw-i- e`y-am-Im-\p-X-Ip--Xm-bn-cn--Ww.

tNmZym-hen Xbm-dmn mkn Ah-X-cn-n-p-p.


N
sa-s-Sp-
tZi-N-cn-{X-c-N\
Xbm-dm-nb tNmZym-h-enbpw ]mT-`m-Ks amXr-I-Ifpw ]cn-K-Wnv kzw
tZis Ipn-I Bhn-jvI-cn--s.
hni-I-e-\-p-dnv
XIw, Dcp-fn-Ip-s epn-\n-b-I Fo ]mT-`m-K--fn-eqsS Ipn-I IS-pt]m-Ip hn[-n-em-bn-cn-Ww {]h\w Bkq-{XWw sNt-- Xv.
Bdp ae-bm-fnv \qdp ae-bmfw
Cu sNmns A-sav?
N
(`m-j-bpsS kucyw hmsam-gn-bn-em-sWpw Ccw {]mtZ-inI `mjm-t`-Z-
kmln- X y- n\v inbpw ku- c yhpw \Ip- p- s - pw Ipn Xncn- - d n- t b- Xp-v. Fw.-Sn, hnP-b, _jo, hn.-sI.-F XpS-nb Fgp-p-Im-cpsS `mj DZml-c-W-ambn kzoI-cn-m-hp--Xm-Wv. Hw ]S-tms tNmdv, In\m-hp-I-fpsS Imew
Fo Fmw Xc-nse ]mT-`m-K-fpw `qan-bpsS Ah-Im-in-Ifpw klm-b-I-am-Ww).
XIw, Dcp-fn-Ip--ns epo-\n-b, s]mm\n Fo ]mT-`m-K--fnse {]mtZinI ]Z-{]-tbm-K- Is-n ]n-I-s-Sp-m-\m-h-iy-s-Sp-p.

XIw
sN

Dcp-fn-Ip--ns epn-\nb
A

s]mm\n
\nco-m

Ah-X-cWw
- {]mtZ-inI `mjm-{]-tbm-K- tZim-hn-jvIm-c-n\v angnhv \Ip-pt-m?
]mT-`m-K- hni-I-e\w sNbvXv kzm`n-{]mbw Ipdn-pI
cN\
Ah-X-c-Ww.

]Z-{]iv\w
(c-N-bn-Xm-fpw cN-\-bpw)
]mw mknse tIcf ]mTmhen-bp-ambn _-s ]Z-{]-iv\-am-WnXv. hnZymnIv cN-bn-Xm--sfbpw IrXn-I-sfbpw ]cn-N-b-s-Sp-p mkv dqw {]h-\ambpw ]co-m-k-lm-bn-bmbpw D]-tbm-Kn-m-hp--Xm-Wv.
1
2

7
6

4
5

he-tmv
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Be-m- Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv
tImhn-es bYm t]cv
\f-N-cnXw B-Y Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv
km-cp-tZym-K--cpsS PohnXw hnj-b-amn XIgn Fgp-Xnb t\mh
Hcn-Sv F t\mh Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv
Ipam-c-\m-im Fgp-Xnb JWvU-Imhyw (c-- -cw)

Xmtgmv
1. tKm{X-bm\w Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv
3. B[p-\nI Ihn-{X-b-n Hcm
7. cmap Imcym-n-s\mw ]n. `mkvI-c kwhn-[m\w sNbvX Nn{Xw

D-c-
he-tmv
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Anw
A-
Dmbn hmcy
GWn--Sn-I
k-dnb
eoe

Xmtgmv
1. A---Wn-
3. Dq
7. \oepbn

A\p-_w
hnth-N-\-ns `napJ-
AaXy sk
Ggp-Xcw Ak-a-Xz-
1 ac-W-\n-c-nse Ak-aXzw
temI-nse Nne `mK--fn kv{Xo]p-cpj kaXzw Pohn-Xhpw ac-W-hp-ambn
t\cnv _-s-n-cn-p-p. Ccw kaq-l--fn kvXoI-fpsS ac-W-\n-cv hf-sc
Db-Xm-bn-cn-pw.
2. P\-\-nse Ak-aXzw
B[p-\nI kmt-Xn-I-hn-Zy-bpsS ]n_-e-n s]{`q-W- Xncn--dnv \inn-p-p. temI-nse Hp-an cmPy--fnepw CXv ]Xn-hm-Wv.
3. ASn-m-\-ku-I-cy--fnse Ak-aXzw
\nc-h[n cmPy--fn s]Ip-n-Iv kvIq hnZym-`ymkw e`n-m-\p km[yX
BIp-n-I-fp-tS-Xn-s\-m Ipd-hm-Wv. Xs ss\kKnI knn-Isf t{]mkmln-n-mt\m kmaq-ly-[a- \nh-ln-p--Xn \ymb-amb ]m-fn-tam e`np-n-.
4. khn-tij Ah-k-c--fnse kaXzw
DX hnZym-`ym-k-cw-Kpw {]^-j-W ]cn-io-e-\-cw-Kpw enwK-]-c-amb hnthN\w \S- p- p- - v .
5. sXmgn]-c-amb Ak-aXzw
sXmgnta-J-e-bn Db-c--fn-te-p bm{X kv{XoIv ]pcp-jamsc At]nv ZpL-S-am-Wv.
6. DS-a--X-bnse Ak-aXzw
Cy-bn-emsI ]c--cm-KX kz-h-Imiw ]pcp-j-\m-bn-cp-s-n tIc-f-n
\mb kap-Zm-b-n Gsd-mew amXr-Zm-b-{Iaw \ne-\n-n-cp-p.
7. KmlnI Ak-aXzw
hoSn-\p-n Xf-n-tS-- h-cmWv kv{Xo F Nn-bmWv KmlnI Ak-a-Xz-n
{][m-\w.

b-{]iv\w
s]s-sm--b-S-n-tm-bv,
kvX_v[-ambo k`m-Xew
hmXn hp-\npp
t{]Xw t]msemcp s]sImSn
D- n - c npw almamsc
kmam-Pn-I-sc-sbm-sbpw
shtsd t\mn-tm-Znq

_me, khmw-K-]o-UnX
A-\q-n-p-Sn-s-s,1
ktlm-Z-c-\p-a--s\,
Cf-b- Imp-Xn-q,
Ah-cm-cm-sW-\n-n\n?
[a-im-kv{X- \nan
Ejn-am-tc, ZzntP-{-tc,
alm-]p-tcm-ln-Xam-tc,
imkv{Xn-am-sc, ]co-i-tc,
Iem-c-kn-I-tc, temIw
`cnpw kh-i--tc,
Xm-ep-ap-cw thKw,
\nm-cmWp Rm\n\n?
acn lrZ-b-tmsS2
Pohn-m \n sNmptam?
As-n-se-s-m-thmfw
Xqn-sm-m hn[n-ptam?
aqp temI-nepw au\w
\nd-q, \nk-lm-b-\mbv
taLw sIm- p apJw- s ]mo
kqcy, hwi-]n-Xm-a-l
_me-N-{ Npn-mSv
1. {]b-]qn-bm-Im s]Ip-nsb A\pw ktlm-Z-c\pw Cf-b-\pw ]oUn-ns hm
2 My heart was long since dead - Antigone
BMv km kqIn
ayma P\m-[n-]-Xy-tm-cm--ns \mbn-I. 2010 \hw-_ 13\v hop-X-S--en \nv
tamNn-X-bm-bn. 1991 kam-[m-\-n-\p t\m_ km\w e`n-p. Phm-lem
s\lvdp AhmUv \In Cy Ahsc BZ-cn-p.
Ctdmw ianf
Zpcn-X-a-\p-`-hn-p P\-X-bpsS {]Xo-bpw {]Xym-i-bp-amWv Ctdmw-ianf. Dcp-ph-\n-X-bmbn aWn-q-cnse P\- hne-In-p Ch 11 hj-ambn `c-W-Iq-Sn-s\-Xnsc \ncm-lmcw \S-n-h-cp-I-bm-Wv. s]meo-kn\pw ]m-f-n\pw Bscbpw

]nSn-p-sIm--p-t]m-Im\pw shSn-sh-p-sIm-p-hm\pw {]tXy-Im-[n-Imcw \Ip BwUv


t^mgvkv kvs]j ]thgvkv BIvSn-s\-Xn-sc-bmWv Ch t]mcm-Sn-sm--n-cn-p-Xv. temIw CXp-hsc I- Ghpw ssZLy-ta-dnb \ncm-lm-c-k-acw IqSn-bm-Wn-Xv.
tZio-bhpw AtZ-io-b-hp-amb \nc-h[n ]pc-kvIm-c- Ch-cpsS t]mcm--n\p AwKo-Im-c-am-bn-cp-p.

BMv km kqIn

Zbm-_mbn

Ctdmw ianf