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Fortier 1 Nathaniel C.

Fortier Hum 207 Professor Corbeille The Fourth Wagadu May 9, 2005 The Fourth Wagadu Four Times Beautiful Wagadu has existed. And four times Wagadu has disappeared from sight: the first time because her children were vain, the second because they were deceptive, the third because they were greedy, and the fourth because they were quarrelsome. Four times Wagadu has changed her name: first to Dierra, next to Agada, then to Ganna, and finally to Silla. Four times Wagadu has changed the direction she faces: first to the north, next to the west, then to the east, and finally to the south. Wagadu receives the strength to endure from the four directions, which is why she has had four gates to her city: first to the north, next to the west, then to the east, and finally to the south. She has endured when her children have built her of earth, of wood, or of stone, or when she has existed only as a vision in the imaginations and desires of her children. Wagadu actually is the strength that exists in the heart of her children. She is visible in times of war, when the air resounds with the clash and

Hoooh!” (Rosenburg 523) Toora! Each time the errors in the hearts of her children have caused Wagadu to disappear. Wagadu has fallen asleep for times: the first time because her children were vain. the second because they were deceptive. Her children’s greed created the need for writing in the fourth Wagadu. Then every man will carry a vision of . the third because they were greedy. and dissention. Ganna. the vision of her beauty will shine so radiantly within their minds that they will never again lose her. Her children’s vanity created the great songs of heroes that bards sang in the second Wagadu and have continued to sing for countless generations. Then. greed.523) “Hoooh! Dierra. Her children’s deception brought forth showers of gold and pearls in the third Wagadu.Fortier 2 clamor of battle as sword meets sword or shield. If her children ever find Wagadu a fifth time. She is invisible when the errors in the hearts of her children tire her and make her fall asleep. Agada. even if her children suffer from vanity. Her children’s quarrels will produce a fifth Wagadu that will continue as long as it rains in the south and rocks jut forth from the Sahara Desert. Silla. she has reappeared possessing an even greater beauty. song that all peoples of the Sudan still value today. these will never be able to harm her. deception. and the fourth because they were quarrelsome. writing the Burdama still use today. (Rosenburg 522.

Silla. Then she was called Silla. Each man was a great thinker in his own right. to no avail. but they were growing old in their knowledge. and each woman was proud of the great discoveries of every man. In the evening he would gather with the other men in the city in their great forum to argue about their great thoughts and . Kazah. Kazah still longed for his father to relinquish his throne. who was very learned in many things that could be perceived by the five senses. Ganna. Would this happen if Lrukuumba had died. and Kazah had ruled in his place? “Hoooh! Dierra. Hoooh!” (Rosenburg 523) Toora! Her children’s quarrels led Wagadu to disappear for the last time. Day in and day out they searched for new things of importance and had to constantly argue their opinions to get anything done. and every woman will carry a vision of Wagadu within her Womb. It was at the end of King Lrukuumba’s rule that Wagadu would disappear for the last time. Each day Kazah would leave the city to make new discoveries and find things of intellectual importance like the great thinker he was. The Toora were great thinkers and powerful speakers. He listened for any glaring sign of intellectual weakness in his father in the things that he said and in the books that he wrote. Agada. The last king of Silla was Lrukuumba Toora. Ganna. (Rosenburg 523) “Hoooh! Dierra. Agada.Fortier 3 Wagadu within his heart. King Lrukuumba was fortunate enough to have a child. Hoooh!” (Rosenburg 523) Toora! Though he knew he would never be king. Silla.

It will tell you what you desire to know about Wagadu and yourself. You will find an owl in the fields. Agada. It would put them in a meditative state.Fortier 4 discoveries outside of the city. in desperation. ”you are not going to be the great mind you want to be. Silla. and when it speaks to you. When he returned he replied. You will carry a glass sphere. From deep within his subconscious to the forefront of his mind the thought of him being king pervaded almost every waking thought. “Your father King Lrukuumba will die but you will not become king. and your sphere will cause the city of Silla to disappear!” Kazah said ”Old man you are a charlatan and a liar. you will understand what it is saying. This annoyance turned into a dull throbbing pain in his head that could not be ignored.” “Hoooh! Dierra. Ganna.” the old man retorted. “Can you tell me when I shall become king of the Silla?” Kazah asked. Jemavuvu. It was then. Hoooh!” (Rosenburg 523) Toora! The next morning Kaza went to prove to himself that he knew what he was talking . Kazah. As long as great minds dwell within her she will continue to exist!” “Although you do not believe me. that he decided to visit the city’s oldest of witch doctors. The old man thought and thought and left Kazah and the city to find an answer by finally burning incense rarely burned by witch doctors to glean the truth. It was during this discourse that he became more envious of his father’s accomplishments.

Ganna. . Wagadu will disappear. said the owl. “I can see all. Agada.” “Hoooh! Dierra. When the men gathered in their great forum Kazah stole away into the fields and spied an owl perched high in a tree. He argued the importance of most of his newly acquired knowledge upon his arrival back in the city of Silla. ”As far as I can see. You will use the glass sphere and see what is most important and Wagadu will disappear because of it!” “Then Wagadu will disappear!” proclaimed Kazah. “Today I shall go to the nearest city and I shall learn of everything that there is to know that is not in the city of Silla!” Kazah went to Nesdo.” You will be one who sees what is important rather than being the king of the Silla. And then the owl said.Fortier 5 about. all I need to do is look in the right place and what I need will always have been right there. but. that which is most important will still be visible. Silla.” replied the old man. Hoooh!” (Rosenburg 523) Toora! Kazah returned to the old man and said. Is this true?” “Yes it is true. The men of the neighboring city were awed by his great knowledge. the nearest neighboring city and he spoke of and attempted to learn many new things. I will die and those after me who see as well as I will know the same. He argued with the other Silla thinkers. that which is most important can still be seen. I can see what’s important”. “I saw the owl in the field and he said although Wagadu will disappear. He made quite the impression.

“I will do as you ask but it will not be a sphere that will show you what is of most importance!” Kazah responded. It will not help me to see what is of most importance. this sphere is of no use to me. You must look not only with your eye but with your heart as well. ”Master Glass Blower I want you to make a perfect glass sphere for me. You will use the sphere to see without the sphere. Silla. But the sphere will help you to see that which is most important.” The blower replied.Fortier 6 “Hoooh! Dierra.” Then let Wagadu disappear!” Kazah proclaimed. Agada. Hoooh!” (Rosenburg 523) Toora! . If you wish to see what is most important you must look very carefully at it and through it. Silla. Ganna. You will lose much that you use to learn and discover. “Kazah complained. “Master Glass Blower. Look at everything that you discover of importance when you travel out of the city to learn of new things. but discovered that all he could see was distorted images of all that was around him. and himself. but Wagadu will disappear because of it. “ What can I do? ” The blower responded by saying. Ganna. Hoooh!” (Rosenburg 523) Toora! The next morning Kazah visited the Toora glass blower and said. I will look into this sphere and it will enable me to see that which is most important!” When the sphere was blown Kazah had studied the sphere intensely. “Hoooh! Dierra. “Master blower. Agada. ”The sphere is only a piece of glass.

He decided to smell everything that could be smelled. Agada. He was sad that he could no longer taste. He was sad that he could no longer smell. Kazah carried his sphere for the first time and looked at everything he saw through it. Kazah carried his sphere with him outside of the city for the second time. He continued to do this until he became unconscious.Fortier 7 The next morning Kazah left the city and said to himself. . They argued over the importance of all he had discovered. he ate many different very strong foods. Silla. He continued to eat until he could taste no more. “Today when I leave the city I will find what is most important and I will see it in my glass sphere. They argued over the importance of all he had discovered. Hoooh!” (Rosenburg 523) Toora! He returned to the forum to teach the thinkers all that he had learned. He looked at them through his sphere and learned much but did not see it to be of most importance. He burned the incense and studied it through the sphere for many hours. At the end of his journey he decided that maybe it was something that had a strong flavor was that which was most important. When he awoke he noticed the incense had burned out and that he could not smell a thing. Ganna. He returned to the forum to teach the thinkers all that he had learned. So. At the end of his journey he decided that since the incense that was rarely used by the witch doctors could give them knowledge that maybe it was that which was most important. “Hoooh! Dierra. He was determined to taste everything that could be tasted.

he climbed the highest mountain. At the end of his journey he decided that maybe the most obscure thing that he could think of feeling in Africa. He had been studying the snow for so long that his limbs became frost bitten. would be of most importance. So. He was determined to feel everything that could be felt. Mount Kilimanjaro. he stood under the highest tree struck by the most powerful of lightning. Kazah carried his sphere with him outside of the city for the fifth time. They argued over the importance of all he had discovered.Fortier 8 Kazah carried his sphere with him outside of the city for the third time. They argued over the importance of all that he discovered. There he waited until a bolt struck the tree so mightily that it split in two. He returned to the forum to teach the thinkers all that he had learned. He could no longer feel. He could also hear no more. So. He was sad that he could no longer feel. the snow. He was determined to see everything that could be seen. At the end of his journey he decided that maybe the sound of thunder was of most importance. He was sad that he could no longer hear. At the end of his journey he decided that maybe the rays of the sun were of utmost importance. and studied the sun through his sphere. He was determined to hear everything that could be heard. He saw it through his sphere and learned much but did not see it to be of most importance. The Sahara. He returned to the forum to teach the thinkers all that he had learned. and looked at the snow through the sphere. Needless to say the sun’s . So he went to the largest desert. Kazah carried his sphere with him outside of the city for the fourth time.

. As his vision was failing he looked at and into his sphere. and Wagadu disappeared for the last time. After he saw all this. raised it into the air. for the last time Wagadu will disappear!” “Hoooh! Dierra. This was the last thing Kazah saw. Hoooh!” (Rosenburg 523) Toora! With this last tragedy he had lost all hope of making new discoveries and discovering what was important. He was sad that he could no longer see as he once could. and tears of joy for the appearance of the new Wagadu that needs no name. How else can you learn? You look without care!” The witch doctor said. When he looked down at what was left of the sphere he saw it broken into millions of shining pieces. The other thinkers were so distraught over all that he had lost that they did not argue. King Lrukuumba died. Ganna. “Now you are unable to see things that are important. Agada. He walked alone out of the city until he could walk no more. present and future. and dashed it upon the ground in disappointment. On the surface of each piece he saw a reflection of himself and inside of each shard he saw millions of faces he knew to be the people of Wagadu’s past. They will understand that Wagadu is the unity of its people.Fortier 9 rays were so intense that he could no longer see out of his right eye and just barely out of the other. Wagadu is the unity of all people. Kazah’s envy left and he wept tears of sadness for the senses he had lost. ”Kazah. and it’s people who will know that they are of the utmost importance. They told him. Silla. He returned to the forum to teach the thinkers all that he had learned. back in Silla.

What kind of man do you think Kazah was? 2. Agada. Compare and contrast Gassire to Kazah. Every man carries a vision of Wagadu within his heart. 3. and the fourth because they were quarrelsome. Do you consider Kazah a hero? . Hoooh!” (Rosenburg 523) Toora! Questions to think about. Ganna. “Hoooh! Dierra.” (Rosenburg 526) Her children’s quarrels have produced a fifth Wagadu that has continued. And four times Wagadu has disappeared from sight: the first time because her children were vain. as have the rains in the south and the rocks that jut forth from the Sahara Desert. Silla. and every woman carries a vision of Wagadu within her Womb. the third because they were greedy. the second because they were deceptive.Fortier 10 “Four times beautiful Wagadu has existed. What does Kazah sacrifice? Why? 4. 1.

“Gassire’s Lute. . 3rd ed.Fortier 11 Work Cited Donna Rosenburg.” World Mythology: An Anthology of The Great Myths and Epics 1999.