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Be∏pg Pn√m]©mbØv \ndhv ˛ 2012 std x aebmfw

Xømdm°nbh¿

Pn. aWn (Kh. hn. F®v. Fkv. BcymSv) Zneo]v Ipam¿. Sn._n (Pn. Fkv. Fw. Fw Pn. F®v. Fkv. Fkv, Fkv. F¬.]pcw) cPnXv Ipam¿. Sn. F≥ ( sP. Fw. F®v. Fkv. tImSpIpf™n ) Ãmen≥ . sI. sP (Kh. F®v. Fkv Ip∏∏pdw ) thWptKm]m¬. _n (sI. sI. sI. hn, Fw. F®v. Fkv s]mØ∏≈n ) {ioe. sI. B¿ (sk‚ v tXmakv, Im¿ØnI∏≈n ) tim`\ Ipamcn. sI. F (Un. hn. F®v. Fkv, I≠¶cn ) DamdmWn. sI. F≥ (Kh. F®v. Fkv.Fkv AßmSn°¬ kuØv )

A[ym]I kplrØp°tfmSv, aebmfw tIcf ]mTmhen, ASnÿm\ ]mTmhen F∂o

]mT]pkv X Ißfnse hnhn[ ]mT `mK߃ ASnÿm\am°n Xømdm°nb {]h¿Ø\ßfpw amXrIm tNmZyßfpw aqey\n¿Wb kqNIßfpw \ndhn¬ D¬s∏SpØnbncn°p∂p. ]T\Øn¬ ]nt∂m°w \n¬°p∂ hnZym¿∞nIsf

Is≠Øn, {]{Inb _‘nXambn {]h¿Ø\߃ ]q¿Ønbm°phm\pw aqey\n¿Wb {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ hnZym¿∞nIsf ]¶mfnIfm°phm\pw \ap°p Ign- b - W w. \nd- h n- e qsS amXr`mjbn¬ anI® hnPbw ssIhcn°phm≥ hnZym¿∞nIsf {]m]vXcm°phm≥ Ignbpsa∂v R߃ hnizkn°p∂p. F√m {][m\m[ym]IcpsSbpw aebmfw A≤ym]I kplrØp°fpsSbpw AIagn™ klIcWw {]Xo£n®psIm≠v \ndhv ˛ 2012 ka¿∏n°p∂p.

\ndhv ˛ 2012
aebmfw tIcf ]mTmhen
Std x

tIcf ]mTmhen bqWn‰v ˛1 Imenemtemew Nneºpambv........ sNdpXmbn√ sNdp∏w ˛ \fNcnXw B´°Y ˛ DÆmbnhmcy¿ apcn™t∏cow tNmdpw ˛ hnZqjI°qØv B¿´vA‰m°v ˛ Fw apIpµ≥ {]h¿Ø\w ˛ 1 Dt±iyw : A£c߃ Bh¿Øn®p hcptºmƒ ]ZyØn\v i_vZ`wKn ssIhcp∂p F∂v Xncn®dnbp∂Xn\v. {]{Inb : A≤ym]nI BZym£c{]mkw, ZznXobm£c{]mkw, A¥ym£c{]mkw, A\p{]mkw F∂o i_vZme¶mc߃°v DZmlcWamb ]ZyiIe߃ Nm¿´n¬ {]Z¿in∏n°p∂p. Iev]m¥ ImetØmfw ImXtc \osb≥ ap∂n¬ I¬lmclmchpambv \n¬°pw IeymW cq]\mIpw IÆs‚ Icfns\ Ih¿∂ cm[nIsbt∏mse kpknXmw_c\mbn, hr≤\mbv _nkn\o X¥p acoNn tIi\mbn eknXkvanX\mb N{µnIm `knXkv\mX arKmwK ssIsXmgmw t]mI ]q¶mhnse∂p ]pXpa[phNt\ henb \n¿_‘w Xh hmgpt∂cw `ht\ t]mIm≥ Xs∂tbm h∂q ]q¿tƵp hZt\ Iman\o aute, sNm¬I ImXc\bt\ aZepfnXw arZpefnXw KpWanfnXw CXpIfnbt√......... N¿® Cu ]Zy`mKßfn¬ \n߃ ImWp∂ khntijXIƒ Fs¥√mamWv A£cßfn¬ Fs¥¶nepw {]tXyIX ImWm≥ Ignbptam t{ImUoIcWw H∂masØ ]ZyØn¬ BZym£cw Bh¿Øn°p∂p. c≠atØXn¬ Hmtcm hcnbpsSbpw Ahkm\sØ A£cØns‚ Bh¿Ø\w aq∂mw ]ZyØn¬ Hmtcm hcnbpsSbpw Ahkm\sØA£cØns‚ Bh¿Ø\w \mematØXn¬ Hmtcm hcnbnepw f F∂ A£cw Bh¿Øn°p∂p. CXpsIm≠v ]ZyØn\p ssIhcp∂ t\´sa¥mWv. {]mkw ]ZyØn\v i_vZ`wKn \¬Im≥ klmbn°p∂p a‰v DZmlcW߃ Is≠Øn ]cnNbs∏SpØn Ip´nIƒ°v D≠mb [mcWsb _es∏SpØmhp∂XmWv.

]n∂oSp N{µ_nw_ambntØm∂n ]n∂oSmWv kz¿Æ lwkamsW∂p Xncn®dn™Xv CXn\p ImcWsa¥mhmw.? IÆpIƒ°v AarX[mcbmsW∂p ]dbp∂sX¥psIm≠v.? BZyw lwksØ an∂¬s°mSnbmbn kwibn®p. {]h¿Ø\w 3 XmcXay°pdn∏v Dt±iyw : ]mT`mK߃ hniIe\w sNbvXv kz¥amb \nKa\߃ FØnt®cp∂Xn\v \∂y√ Fs‚ cknIXzw CjvSs∏´nt´m Ft¥m At±lØns‚ tkhIcnsemcmfmbn Fs∂ \nban®p.? Acb∂w ]d∂p hcp∂Xp I≠t∏mƒ Zab¥nbv°v Fs¥√mw kmZriyßfmWv D≠mbXv. . tX®Ipfn.? IÆpIƒ°nXp \√ ]obpj ’cnItbm. ]obqj’cnI ChbpsS A¿∞w. an∂¬s°mSnbndßn a∂nte hcnItbm. aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ ]Zy`mKØns‚ kµ¿`w Bibw BkzmZ\]camb LSI߃ DNnXamb `mjbn¬ Bhnjv°cn°¬ . ]n∂nhnsSmcp Xmak≠mbn´p≠v Aøm. t{ImUoIcnt°≠h : ˛ Zab¥n lwkw ]d∂phcp∂Xv ImWp∂p. . t\cwt]m°p ]dbev Cß\ßvSv Ignbm≥ XpSßn ...? hn[paWvUew.? kz¿Æ h¿Æ ama∂w ]d∂nßphcnItbm. .? eLp tNmZyßfneqsS BibØntebv°pw BkzmZ\ LSIßfntebv°pw \bn°p∂p. Cu ]Zy `mKØns‚ kµ¿`w GXmWv.{]h¿Ø\w ˛ 2 BkzmZ\°pdn∏v Dt±iyw : IhnX hmbn®v BkzmZ\w Xømdm°p∂Xn\v BkzmZ\°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI A≤ym]nI Nm¿´n¬ IhnXm `mKw {]Z¿in∏n°p∂p.? hn[paWvUeandßn£nXnbnte t]mcpItbm. hn[paWvUew = N{µ_nw_w ]obqjQcnI = AarX{]hmlw lwkw hfsc DbcØn¬ \n∂pw ]d∂Sp°ptºmƒ D≠mIp∂ kwib߃ lwkØns‚ kuµcyw kpJap≈ ImgvNbmWv Hmtcm hcnbpsSbpw Ahkm\sØ A£cßfpsS kam\X N¿®bn¬ cq]wsIm≠ BibßfpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ BkzmZ\°pdn∏v Xømdm°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. .? i_vZ kuµcyw \¬Im≥ Ihn kzoIcn® am¿§sa¥v. NXp¿hn[t`mPyckßtfmSpw IqSnb `£Ww.? .. kpJamb Dd°w.

kaImenI tkh\ taJebpsS Po¿Æ apJw Xncn®dn™n´p≠v.. {]{Inb : KZy`mKw ct≠m aqt∂m XhW hmbn°phm≥ A≤ym]nI \n¿t±in°p∂p. Itø‰°m¿°mWt√m C∂p ÿm\w apcn™t∏cow tNmdpw F∂ ]mT`mKØnse hnZqjIs‚ Cu A`n{]mbw B¿´v A‰m°v F∂ IYbnse inhcmas‚ PohnXhpambn Fßs\ _‘s∏´ncn°p∂p.? cmPtkhI\mbt∏mƒ Fs¥√mw t\´ßfp≠mbn. {]kvXmh\bpsS s]mcp¬ Is≠Øn hniIe\°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI.? . N¿® tNmZyØns‚ [z\ymflIYbnteb°v Ip´nIsf \bn°m≥ ]mIØn¬ eLptNmZy߃ tNmZn°p∂p. (Kp∏p Xe {]h¿Ø\hpw BImw ) aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ :˛ hnZqjIs‚ A`n{]mbØnse Bibw {Kln®n´p≠v.? CXn¬ inhcmas‚ PohnXØn\p t\sc D≠mb Itø‰taXmWv. {]h¿Ø\w 4 hniIe\°pdn∏v Dt±iyw : ]mT `mKw hniIe\w sNbvX \nKa\ßfn¬ FØp∂Xn\v..? Bscms°bmWv AbmfpsS PohnXØn¬ Itø‰w \SØnbXv. GsX√mw XcØnep≈ Itø‰ßfmWv C∂p kaplØn¬ \S°p∂Xv..? AXns‚ A\¥c^ew F¥mbncp∂p. . c≠p kmaqlnImhÿItfbpw DNnXambn _‘n∏n®n´p≠v .? CXnepsS hnZqjI≥ ]cnlmkambn [z\n∏n°p∂sX¥v. N¿® BcmWv Cßs\ A`n{]mbs∏Sp∂Xv ? BcpsS tkhI\mbn´mWv hnZqjI≥ \nbanX\mbXv.? AbmfpsS ap≥]p≈ Ahÿ Fßs\bmbncp∂p.? t{ImUoIcWw Iufin\y≥ F∂ hnZqjI≥ [¿Ω]p{X almcmPmhns‚ tkhI≥ IjvS∏mSpIƒ Xo¿∂p.˛ KZy`mKw hniIe\w sNbvXv CXnse kmaqlnI hna¿i\sØ kaImenI PohnXhpambn _‘s∏SpØn XmcXay°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI. . tX®pIpfn®pw `£Ww Ign®pw Ddßnbpw t\ctºm°p ]d™pw kpJambn Pohn°m≥ Ign™p ISaIfpw DØchmZnXzßfpw ad∂v cmPtkhI ]Zhnbn¬ kpJn®p Pohn°pIbmWv AbmfpsS e£yw C∂pw sXmgnen√msX IjvSs∏Sp∂h¿°v k¿°m¿ tPmentbm at‰m e`n®m¬ hnZqjIs‚ at\m`mhamWv D≠mIp∂Xv N¿®bn¬ cq]s∏´p h∂ BibßfpsS [mcWbn¬ XmcXay°pdn∏p Xømdm°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p.? C∂sØ kmaqlnImhÿbn¬ Cu ]cnlmkØn\v Fs¥¶nepw _‘apt≠m. .

a\pjymhImi߃°pta¬ Hs° Itø‰w D≠mIp∂p. Chsb XΩn¬ DNnXamb `mjbn¬ bp‡n ]p¿∆w _‘n∏n®n´p≠v . . IpSpw_ PohnXØns‚ ]cm[o\X Iw]yq´¿ hev°cWw.? inhcma\v tPmen \jvSs∏Sphm\p≠mb kmlNcyw t{ImUoIcWw : Iesb I®hSh¬°cn°p∂ ]pXnb ImeL´w P\{]nb IebpsS ]pdsI t]mImsX bYm¿∞ Iesb kvt\ln°p∂ Iem \ncq]I≥ I®hS e£ytØmsS {]h¿Øn°p∂ FUn‰¿. A]{KY\w. .t{ImUoIcWw cmPy߃°pta¬. . Po≥kn´ s]¨Ip´n Chsc√mw Xs‚ sXmgn¬ Abmƒ°p \jvSs∏´p. . B¿´v A‰m°v F∂ IYbpsS {]tabsa¥v. {]h¿Ø\w 5 D]\ymkw Dt±iyw : IYIƒ hmbn®v BkzZn°p∂Xn\pw khntijXIƒ hniIe\w sNbvXp eLp D]\ymk cN\ \n¿∆ln°p∂Xn\v..? IetbmSp≈ inhcmas‚ at\m`mhw ]{Xÿm]\Øn¬ inhcma≥ t\cnSp∂ sh√phnfnIƒ ÿm]\Øn¬ h∂ am‰ßƒ Fs¥√mw. . chn`qj¨. D]kwlmcw F∂o L´ßƒ D≠mhWw DNnX amb io¿jIhpw \¬IWw. Itø‰°m¿ AXv ]nSns®SpØp. Fb¿ I≠oj\nßv P\{]nb Iemcq]amb ^mj≥ tjmbv°v IhtdPv \¬Im≥ hnkΩXn®Xv. {]{Inb A≤ym]nI B¿´v A‰m°v F∂ IYbnse inhcma≥ F∂ IYm]m{XØns‚ PohnXmhÿbnteb°p IS°phm≥ eLp tNmZy߃ tNmZn°p∂p. ]pXnb FgpØpIm¿. `mjIƒ°pta¬ {]IrXn hn`h߃°pta¬. AhXcWw sa®s∏Spج D]\ymkØn\v BapJw. .. inhcma≥ t\cn´Xv a\pjymhImiØn\p t\scbp≈ Itø‰amWv KncncmP≥.. Cu kqN\Isf hnIkn∏n®v hniIe\°pdn∏v Xømdm°m≥ \n¿t±in°mw. . Cu kqN\Isf ASnÿm\am°n eLp D]\ymkw Xømdm°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p.. . aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ {]kvXmh\bpsS s]mcpƒ Is≠Ønbn´p≠v {]kvXmh\bpw inhcmas‚ PohnXhpambp≈ _‘w Xncn®dn™n´p≠v. {Kp∏n¬ Xømdm°nb hniIe\°pdn∏pIƒ s]mXp AhXcWØnepsSbpw N¿®bnepsSbpw sa®s∏SpØm≥ \n¿t±in°mw. ]pXnb ImeL´Øns‚ {]tXyIXIƒ°\pkcn®v kzbw amdm≥ XømdmImØXmWv B¿´v A‰m°v F∂ IYbnse inhcmas‚ ]cmPbØn\pImcWw Cu {]kv X mh\ inhcmas‚ PohnXmhÿIfpambn _‘s∏SpØn ka¿∞n°pI.

. Chƒ ImeØns‚ Icßfn¬ am{Xw kamizkn°pthmƒ (Chƒ°pam{Xambv ˛ kpKXIpamcn) apIfn¬ sImSpØncn°p∂ c≠p Imhy`mKßfpw ]cntim[n®v ka-Im-enI kw`-h-ßfpsS ]›m-ØeØn¬ kv{XobpsS {]iv\߃ hniIe\w sNbvXv Ipdn∏v Xømdm°pI .? (kvtIm¿ ˛ 6) {]{InbIƒ IhnXm`m-K-߃ Nm¿´n¬ {]Z¿in∏n°p∂p IpSpw_Øn¬.. eLp tNmZy߃ D∂bn°p∂p 1. cm{Xn agtbmSp Rm≥ ]dbs´ \ns‚ timIm{Zamw kwKoX adnbp∂p Rm≥ Ccp´n¬ X\n®p≈ hchpw tXßn°c®nepw ]pecnsbØptºmƒ apJwIp\n®p≈ XnSp°hpw \mSyhpw Rm\dnbpw Adnbp∂sX¥psIms≠t∂m kJo Rm\panXpt]mse.aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ IYbpsS {]tabw Is≠Ønbn´p≠v inhcmas‚ PohnXmhÿIsf Is≠Øn hniZoIcn®n´p≠v D]\ymkØns‚ LS\ ]men®n´p≠v DNnXamb `mjbn¬ AhXcWw \n¿∆ln®n´p≠v.. kaqlØn¬ kv{Xo hln°p∂ ]¶v ˛ N¿® IhnX `mhmflIambn hmbn°p∂p cm{XnagbpsS BZy`mKw AhXcn∏n®v Imhy`mKsØ Bibw N¿® sNøp∂p. . cm{Xnagt]mse (cm{Xnag kpKXIpamcn) Chƒ ssZhØn\pw apIfn¬ kvt\lsØ CcpØn∏qPnt∏mƒ. {]`mXØn¬ DW¿∂v ]cn`han√msX `£Ww Hcp°p∂ AΩbpsS {]iv\߃ \n߃ Nn¥n°mdpt≠m ? . bqWn‰v ˛ 2 ˛ CcpNndIpIsfmcpabneßs\ ]mT`mK߃ Chƒ°pam{Xambv ˛ kpKXIpamcn kmlnXyØnsekv{Xo ˛ tPmk^v ap≠t»cn bm{Xmsamgn ˛ Ipamc\mim≥ {]h¿Ø\w ˛ 1 hniIe\°pdn∏v e£yw ˛ kv{XobpsS PohnXmhÿIƒ AdnbpI hniIe\°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI.

D]kwlmcw) ˛ 1 . . aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ 1. kaqlØn¬ kv{Xo t\cnSp∂ . 3. . {]h¿Ø\w ˛ 2 FUnt‰mdnb¬ e£yw :--˛ kaImeo\ Ac£nXmhÿsb°pdn®dnbp∂Xn\v. ho´p tPmen-I-fn¬ AΩtbmsSm∏w A—\pw klIcn°mdpt≠m ? \n߃ AΩsb klmbn°mdpt≠m ? IpSpw_Øn¬ ]ckv]c klIcWw A\nhmcyamWv F∂ t_m[w Ip´nbn¬ P\n°p∂ DØc߃ {]Xo£n°Ww. hnjbhpambn _‘s∏Sv Bib߃ Is≠Øn ˛2 bp‡n]q¿∆w DZmlcWklnXw \nco£Ww AhXcn∏n®p ˛ 2 i‡amb `mj ˛ 1 LS\ (io¿jIw. (kvtIm¿ ˛ 6) {]{InbIƒ hm¿ØIfn¬ ]cma¿in°p∂ hnjb߃°v B[mcamb kw`h߃ Ip´nIƒ ]dbs´ F¥psIm≠v km£ctIcfØnepw CØcw kw`h߃ Bh¿Øn°p ∂p ? ˛ N¿® F¥mWv ]cnlmcw ? FUnt‰mdnb¬ Fßs\ Xømdm°mw? DZmlcW߃ Nq≠n°m´n A≤ym]nI hniZoIcn°p∂p. aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ Imhy`mKßfpsS Bibw {Kln®n´p≠v ˛ 2 BibØns‚ kaImeo\ {]k‡n ˛ 1 Bib{IaoIcWw ˛ 2 DNnXamb `mj ˛ 1 BsI kvtIm¿ 6 . Bibw...{]iv\ hni-I-e\w ]cnlmc \n¿t±itØmsS D]kwlcw.. ]{X-hm¿Ø-Iƒ apIfn¬ sImSpØncn°p∂ hm¿ØbpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ kv{XoIfpsS Ac£nXmhÿsb°pdn®v FUnt‰mdnb¬ Xømdm°pI. dbn¬∏mfØn¬ bphXn ZmcpWambn sIm√s∏´ \nebn¬ tPmenIgn™v aSßnb bphXn ]oV\Øn\ncbmbn sIm√s∏´p ssZhØns‚ kz¥w \m´n¬ _wKmfn bphXn hben¬ sh®v {Iqcambn ]oVn∏n°s∏´p.2. BapJw. . io¿jIw D≠mhWw {]iv\m-hXcWw .

amIv_Øv. Nn¥mhnjvSbmb koX) aqey\n¿Æb kqNIw {]`mjWØns‚ LS\ Bib{IaoIcWw ˛ ˛ 1 2 . HUn n) ]cma¿in°p∂ kv{XoIfpsS t]cpIƒ ]cma¿in®v eLphnhcWw. \fn\n. CµpteJ) Imhyßfn¬ (IcpW. eoe. amfhnI) ]cma¿in°p∂ kv{XoIƒ tjIvkv]nb¿ \mSIßfn¬ (HYt√m. ImfnZmkIrXnIfn¬ (D¿∆in. CenbUv. iIp¥f. kmlnXyØnse kv{Xo F∂ ]mT`mKsØ Bkv]Zam°n kmlnXyØnse kv{Xo IYm]m{XßfpsS ÿm\w F∂ hnjbsØ°pdn®v {]`mjWw Xømdm°pI ? (kvt°m¿ ˛ 6) {]{Inb CXnlmkßfn¬ (cmambWw. A—\pw AΩbpw F∂ IhnXbn¬ hnhcn® coXnbnemhp∂Xv PohnX ]ptcmKXnbv°v tbmPn®XmtWm ? kzm`n{]mbw hy‡am°pI (kvt°m¿ ˛ 4) {]{Inb IhnX -> N¿® > hniIe\w > t{ImUoIcWw aqey\n¿Æb kqNIw Bibm]{KY\w ˛ 1 D≈S°w ˛ 1 \nco£Ww ]mShw ˛ 1 `mj ˛ 1/4 {]h¿Ø\w ˛ 4 {]`mjWw e£yw ˛ kmlnXyØn¬ kv{Xobv°v al\obÿm\w e`n®n´p≠v F∂v Xncn®dnbp∂Xn\v. `mcXw. Pqenb v ko ¿) t\mhepIfn¬ (am¿ØmWvU h¿Ω.{]h¿Ø\w -˛ 3 kzm`n{]mbw hy‡am°pI e£yw ˛ Ip´nbpsS at\m`mhw Xncn®dnbp∂-Xn\v Ahƒ AΩbmbXpsIm≠v ]mXncm{Xn Ign™v DdßpIbpw t\cw ]c]cmshfp°p∂Xn\v apºv Fgpt∂¬°pIbpw thWw Ah≥ A—\mbXpsIm≠v hfsc t\ctØ Iq¿°w hen®v DdßpIbpw £oWw Xo¿°m≥ H∂pIqSn abßpIbpw thWw (A—\pw AΩbpw ˛ at\mPv) kaqlw.

? F√m cwKØpw ]pcpjs\t∏mse {]mXn\n[yw kv{Xo°pant√. IÆp\o¿Øp≈nsb kv{XotbmSp]an® Imhy `mht\ (hbem¿) A¶pian√mØ Nm]eyta a∂n¬ AwK\sb∂p hnfn°p∂p \ns∂ Rm≥ (tjIvkv]nb¿) hnh¿Ø\w (Nߺpg) v\mcnIƒ. .. .D≈S°w DNnXamb `mj ˛ ˛ 2 1 {]h¿Ø\w ˛ 5 {]XnIcW°pdn∏v e£yw ˛ IhnIfpsS A`n{]mb߃ kz¥w ImgvN∏mSn¬ ]cntim[n®v {]XnIcn°p∂Xn\v.? ˛ N¿® kaplØn¬ GsX√mw cwKßfnƒ kv{Xo Xs‚ km\n[yw Adnbn®n´p≠v. . \mcnIƒ hnizhn]Øns‚ \mcmb thcpIƒ (Nߺpg) apIfn¬ sImSpØncn°p∂ ImhyiIe߃ ]cntim[n®v kv{Xosb°pdn®p≈ {]ikvX IhnIfpsS A`n{]mbßtfmSv {]XnIcn°pI. - - - .6 . aqey\n¿ÆbkqNIw ImhyiIeßfpsS Bibw hni-I-e\w sNbvXn-´p≠v ˛ 2 \ocn£W߃ Is≠Øn ka¿∞n®n´p≠v ˛ 2 DNnXamb `mjbn¬ cN\ ˛ 2/. . {]{Inb hcnIƒ Nm¿´n¬ {]Z¿in∏n°p∂p. Bibw hniIe\w sNøp∂p.? DZmlcW klnXw {]XnIcn°m≥ Ahkcw Hcp°p∂p. kv{Xo N]ebpw A_ebpw hn]ØpamtWm.

? (kvtIm¿ ˛ 4) {]{Inb .? .{]h¿Ø\w ˛ 6 XmcXay°pdn∏v kmaqly ]ptcm-KXn°v kv{Xo ]pcpj ka-Xz-Øns‚ {]k‡n Xncn-®dn-bp-∂Xn\pw kzm`n-{]mbw {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂Xn\pw {]nbcmLhm! hµ\w `hm ˛ \pbcp∂p `pPimJhn´p Rm≥ `ba‰p ]d∂p t]mbnSmw kzbatZymhnsemcm{ibwhn\m ]£nsbt∏mse ]d∂pbcm≥ B{Kln°pIbmWv koX. .. km[mcW kv{XoIfn¬ \n∂v koXsb hyXykvXbm°p∂ LSI߃ Fs¥√mw..˛ N¿® kv{Xo ]pcpj ka-XzwN¿® aqey\n¿ÆbkqNIw hcnbpsS Bibw Is≠Øn ˛ 2 kzm`n-{]mbw {]I-Sn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v˛ 1 DNnXamb `mj ˛ 1 {]h¿Ø\w ˛ 7 Ipdn∏v Xømdm°pI {]nbcmLhm! . koXbpsS a\ n¬ Pzen°p∂ kvt\lØns‚ Bgw ˛ N¿® ITn\amb ]co£W߃°p hnt[bbm°s∏´n´pw Ipeh[phmb koXbpsS a\ ns‚ \∑. C{]Imcw kzX{¥ambn H‰°p ]d∂pb¿∂m¬ kv{Xn kzX-{¥-bm-hptam kmaqly ]ptcm-K-Xn-°m-hiyw kv{Xo]p-cpj ka-Xz-a-t√ ? hcnIfpsS Bibw . AP]u{X ! XpSßnb kwt_m[\Iƒ Imhy `mKØn\p \¬Ip∂ `mhkuµcysa¥msW∂p ]cntim[n®v Ipdn∏v Xømdm°pI . {]kXpX kµ¿`Øn¬ APs\ kvacn°p∂Xns‚ i‡nbpw HuNXyhpw.

. Ahsct∏mse t]mIm≥ AΩsb \n¿_‘n®p. . LS\ ˛ 2 {]h¿Ø\w ˛ eLpteJ Xbmdm°¬ ]T\kma{Kn ˛ Km‘mcohnem]w ˛ FgpØ-—≥ \mkm°nbnse Ipcniv ˛ hb-em¿ {]h¿Ø\w ˛ Ipcpt£{X bp≤ `qanbnse Zp:JIcamb cwK߃ ]mT`mKØns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ N¿® sNøp∂p..Iq´pImsc√mhcpw]pØ\pSp∏n´v A®\ΩamtcmsSm∏w \S∂pt]mIp∂Xp I≠t∏mƒ h√msX B{Kln®p. (kvtIm¿ ˛8) (kabw ˛ 15 an\n‰v) .aqey\n¿ÆbkqNIw Imhykµ¿`w Xncn®dn™n´p≠v ˛ 1 `mhkuµcyw hyIvvXam-°n-bn-´p≠v ˛ 2 DNnXamb `mj ˛1 4 bqWn‰v ˛ 3 Aim¥n]¿∆߃°∏pdw Km‘mco hnem]w ˛ FgpØ®≥ ]´mf°mc≥ ˛ XIgn inhi¶c]n≈ A¿Pp\ hnjmZtbmKw ˛ Ip´nIrjWamcm¿ {]h¿Ø\w ˛1 BapJ {]`mjWw Xømdm°pI. Imhn¬D’hambncp∂p.? CXns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ kvIpfn¬ \SØp∂ bp≤hncq≤ Zn\mNcWØn\v BapJ {]`mjWw Xømdm°pI. . aqey\n¿ÆbkqNI߃ Bibw Is≠Ønbn´p≠v ˛ 2 \nKa\߃ cq]oIcn®n´p≠v ˛ 2 A\ptbmPyamb `mjmssien. t{ImUoIcWw bp≤w k¿∆\miIamWv PohnXsØ ]n∂m°w sIm≠pt]mIp∂p. e£yw 1 bp≤߃ a\pjy hwiØns‚ \ne\n¬∏n\p Xs∂ `ojWnbmWv 2 kvt\lhpw klIcWhpamWv B\µIcamb PohnXØn\mhiyw {]]¿Ø\{Iaw ˛Aim¥n ]¿∆߃°∏pdw F∂ bqWn‰ns\ s]mXphmbn hniIe\w sNbvXpsIm≠v ˛ N¿®. im¥n hnXbv°p∂p bp≤w a\pjyhwiØn\v `ojWnbmsW∂ t_m[w Ip´nIfnep≠m°p∂Xn\v Bhiyamb tNmZyßfneqsS {]h¿Ø\ßfnte°v IS°p∂p. Xo{hhmZn B{IaWØn¬ hocNcaw {]m]n® A®s‚ Nn{XØn¬ t\m°n IÆoscmgp°nb AΩsb I≠t∏mƒ H∂pw th≠mbncp∂psh∂v tXm∂n. taen¬ AΩsb \n¿_‘n°n√ A\nXbpsS Ubdn°pdn∏v hmbn®t√m.

XpS¿∂v A¿÷p\ hnjmZtbmKØn¬ amcm¿ bp≤w hcpØnshbv°p∂ hn\Isf Fßs\ hc®pIm´p∂p F∂v N¿®sNøp∂p. e£yw ˛bp≤߃s°Xnsc a\pjya\ m£nsb DW¿ØpI bp≤w k¿∆\miamWv hcpØnØo¿°p∂Xv . LS\ 2 {]h¿Ø\w ˛ apJ{]kwKw Xbmdm°¬ . bp≤w BXy¥nIambn kv { XoItfbpw Ip´nItfbpamWv _m[n°p∂Xv F∂ Nn¥ hf¿Øp-I. ap≈mWnIfn¬ \n∂pancp∂qtdmfw \q‰m≠p˛ ≈neotemIw t_mw_nseØnb IYtbm¿s° sR´pIbmhpw ssIIƒ N{IhmfØn¬ Nq≠n I´sI´nb ]pIa™neo IpcnipIƒ (\mKkm°nbnse Ipcniv ˛ hbem¿ ) I√psImt≠m a\w XmhIamInse˛ °√n\pam{ZXbp≠nXp ImWptºmƒ ({io alm`mcXw Infn∏m´v ) bp≤Øns‚ `oIcXsb°pdn®v ta¬ kqNn∏n® hcnIfpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ eLpteJ Xømdm°pI (kvtIm¿ 6) kabw 12 an\n‰v kqNI߃ Bibw Is≠Ønbn´p≠v 2 \nKa\߃ cq]oIcn®n´p≠v 2 A\ptbmPyamb `mjssien. (s]mXphmb AhXcWw ) XpS¿∂ \mkm°nbnse Ipcniv F∂ IhnXbpsS hmb\ ˛ Bibw {Kln°p∂p. Km‘mcnbpsS hnem]w ˛ tIhea√ ˛ ImetZi߃°XoXambn kv{XobpsS ZpxJamWv F∂ BibØntes°Ø°coXnbnep≈ tNmZyßfneqsS ]mT`mKw IS∂pt]mIp∂p. .AXn\v D]bp‡amb tNmZy߃ {Kp∏n¬ tNmZn°p∂p ˛ Ip´nIƒ Bib߃ AhXcn∏n°p∂p. {]h¿Ø\{Iaw : Km‘mcn hnem]w F∂ IhnX hmbn°p∂p ˛ {]tabw N¿® sNøp∂p. ta¬ N¿®IfpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ bp≤w k¿∆\miamWv AXn\m¬ AXv Hgnhmt°≠XmWv F∂ BibØnseØnt®cp∂p. N¿® ˛ s]mXpAhXcWw ˛ t{ImUoIcWw bp≤w `oIcamb hn]ØmsW∂ t_m[w Ip´nIfnep≠m°p∂p.. XpS¿∂v {]h¿Ø\w \¬Ip∂p . . .

(`mcX]cyS\w) bp≤s°SpXnbpsS c≠p hnhcWßfmWv ta¬ sImSpØncn°p∂Xv ChbpsS klmbØm¬ bp≤w Hgnhmt°≠Xns‚ BhiyIXsb°pdn®v apJ{]kwKw Xømdm°pI. Chbv°v Hmtcm∂n\pw D≈ hyXykvX XmfmflIX Ip´nIƒ Is≠Øp∂p. kpcYs‚ koa¥ ]p{X≥.DÆo. Xh s]m∂n≥ IncoShpw `qjWPmehpw Dº¿tIms\msØmcp hºpw {]Xm]hpw Kw`ocamsbmcp `mhhpw `wKnbpw C´pw If™pSs\s∂bpw F{Xbpw anjvSamboSpw ]nXmhns\Øs∂bpw s]s´∂pt]£n®p s]mbvs°m≠sXßp \o ? s]m´p∂nsX∑\w I≠nsX√matlm ! ({ioalm`mcXw Infn∏m´v) Aßs\ hnPbn®cpfp∂ A¿÷p\s‚ ASp°tebv°Xm. s]cpapsd Ic™pwsIm≠v Hcp kv{Xo hcp∂p. Ahƒ Xs‚ ]n©p ss]Xen\v apØ—\pw A—\pw acn®pt]mb B A\mYmflmhn\v ˛ A`bw bmNn∏m≥ h∂ncn°pIbmWv. A¿÷p\≥ hn√p sh®v ssZ\yØm¬ XeIp\n®v ktlmZcntbmSv F¥pthWsa∂v tNmZn®p. aIt\ Zpcntbm[\. kvtIm¿ ˛ 2 kabw 2 an\n‰v kam\Xmfw Is≠ØpI 1. IhnXbv°v ]e Xmfap≠v F∂ BibØn¬ Ip´nIƒ FØnt®cp∂p AhbpsS kmayhyXymk߃ Xncn®dnbp∂p. Zp»f. AhfpsS t]c°p´n. aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ Bibw Dƒs°m≠n´p≠v \nKa\߃ cq]s∏SpØnbn´p≠v bp‡nklambn ka¿∞n®n´p≠v `mjmssien D≠v 2 2 1 1 {]h¿Ø\w : e£yw: ˛ ˛ kam\Xmfw Is≠ØpI IhnXbpsS Xmfw Is≠Øp∂Xn\v kmay˛ hyXym-k-߃ Is≠Øm\p≈ Ignhv t\Snb Bib߃ D]tbmKn®v Xcw Xncn°m\p≈ Ignhv kma{Kn :˛ hnhn[ XmfØnep≈ IhnXm`mK߃ {]h¿Ø\{Iaw : IhnXm`mK߃ Ip´nIfn¬ Nnescs°m≠v XmfmflIambn sNm√n°p∂p. \√acXI°√nt\msSmsØmcp I√ymWcq]≥ Ipamc≥ at\mlc≥ . AhfpsS ssIbn¬ Hcp ]n©p Ip´nbpap≠v. \q‰phcpsS GIktlmZcn.

PohnX ho£Ww.v þ2 {]hÀ¯\w : ]pd´mÄ Ipdn¸v X¿mdm¡pI e£yw :þ Hcp IrXn hmbn¨v BkzZn¡p¶Xn\v AhbpsS ta·IÄ Is.2. kmlnXyImc·mÀ. IrXnbpsS kmaqlnI {]kàn XpS§nbh ka{Kambn NÀ¨ sNbvXv \nKa\¯nse¯p¶p.¯ n Iq«nt¨À¡epIÄ \S¯p¶p. AXpt]mse IrXnbnse CXc teJ\§sf¡pdn¨pw NÀ¨ sNbv X v Sn {]hÀ¯\w ]qÀ¯nbm¡p¶p. amcmcpsS khntij BJym\ssien. t]mcmbv a IÄ Is. ]pXnb ]Xn¸v {]kn²oIcn¡p¶Xn\mhiyamb `mcX]cyS\w F¶ IrXnbpsS kqNI§Ä ]pkvXI¯nsâ DÅ-S¡w . XpSÀ¶v {]hÀ¯\w FgpXn {Kq¸n AhXcn¸n¡p¶p. 4.¨ n. . DÅS¡¯nsâ {][m\yw.{]Xn..]pd´mÄ Ipdn¸v X¿mdm¡pI. {]Xn]mZyhnjbw.v þ 2 DNn-X-amb `mjþ1 LS\ þ 1 {]hÀ¯\w : ]«nIs¸Sp¯Â e£yw : hnhn[ kmlnXycq]§Ä. . {]Øm\§Ä Chsb¡pdn¨pÅ ap³[mcWIsf¡pdn¨v NÀ¨ NÀ¨bpsS ASnØm\¯n t{ImUoIcWw.« p. IrXnIÄ Ch a\Ênem¡p¶Xn\v {]hÀ¯\{Iaw : hnhn[ IrXnIÄ. kmlnXyImc·mÀ.¯ p¶Xn\v kma{Kn :þ Ip«n¡rjvWamcmcpsS `mcX]cyS\w {]hÀ¯\{Iaw :þ AÀÖp\ hnjmZtbmKw F¶ ]mT`mK¯n\v Du¶Â \ÂIn BJym\ssien.Z n. thjkwKXntbmSp tNÀs¶mcp `mjthWasX¦ntem tijapÅ P\¯n\pw ]cntXmjsa¶p hcpZrVw C¼taäpa¨ncn NnXdn¡nS¡p¶n þ X¼e¸pgbpsS ]©mcaWen¦Â IpSn¨mse´pÅp Ipdsh\n¡p®o IpSn¨paq¡äw IpSn¨p Rm³ ]t£ aqey\nÀ®b kqNI§Ä kam\Xmfw Xncn¨dnªn«p.] m. t{ImUoIcWw : tIheamb bp²hnhcWaÃ: bp²w hcp¯nshbv¡p¶ hn\IÄ kaql a\xkm£nbnse¯n¡p¶p. 3.

˛2 . FgpØ—≥. IhnX. `mcX]cyS\w. aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ :˛ A\ptbmPyambh ]´n-Is∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≠v ˛2 ]´nIs∏SpØpI t\mh¬. B≥{^m¶ns‚ Ubdn°pdn∏pIƒ. X´Iw. tXm‰n√. B≥{^m¶v. \mSIw. BflIY. XIgn. X´Iw. `mcX]cyS\w. kqNI߃ :˛ A\ptbmPyambh tN¿sØgpXnbn´p≠v. tImhne≥. tXm‰n√. XIgn. \mSIw. sshtem∏n≈n.IY. \ncq]Ww. Infn∏m´v. kmlnXyImc∑msc Xncn®dnb¬. B≥{^m¶ns‚ Ubdn°pdn∏pIƒ.B≥{^m¶v. BflIY. t\mh¬. XpS¿∂v {]h¿Ø\w \¬Ip∂p ˛ ]´nIs∏Spج t\mh¬. sshtem∏n≈n. tImhne≥. Ip´n°rjvWamcm¿. FgpØ—≥. \ncq]Ww. BflIY Ch Xncn®dnb¬. Ip´n°rjvWamcm¿. alm`mcXw. Infn∏m´v.

Xbmdm°nb Ipdn∏pIƒ {Kp∏n¬ AhXcn∏n°p∂p. GWn∏SnIƒ. kqNI߃ Bibw {]I-Sn-∏n-®n-´p≠v 2 hni-Ie\w sNbvXn-´p≠v 1 DNn-X-amb `mj 1 {]h¿Ø\w ˛ D]\ymkw Xbmdm°pI. bp≤Øns‚ ^ew k¿∆\miamWv ]T\kma{Kn : ˛ Km‘mcohnem]w {]h¿Ø\{Iaw : ˛ Km‘mcohnem]w F∂ IhnXbpsS {]tabw ˛ Ip´nIƒ Ipdn∏v Xbmdm°p∂p.aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ A\zmJym\coXn ]men®n´p≠v. hy‡n. XpS¿∂v N¿®bpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ Ipdn∏v Xbmdm°p∂p˛ sa®s∏´h AhXcn∏n°p∂p. AXn¬ \n∂pw PohNcn{X°pdn∏v Xbmdm°¬ F∂ {]{Inb ]q¿ØoIcn°p∂p.sa®s∏´h s]mXphmbn AhXcn∏n°p∂p. kmlXycN\bpsS khntijXIƒ XpSßn Hcp kmlXyImc≥ . PohNcn{X°pdn∏v Xbmdm°pI XIgn inhi¶c∏n≈ (1912 ˛ 1999 ) Be∏pg Pn√bnse XIgnbn¬ P\n®p. . tXm´nbpsS aI≥ tI{µ ˛ tIcf kmlXy A°mUan Ahm¿UpIƒ PRm\]oTw tPXmhv Ip´\mSns‚ CXnlmkImc≥ {]h¿Ø\w ˛ kzm`n-{]mbw Fgp-XpI aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ hy‡-am-b hy‡n Ncn{Xw ˛2 LS\ ˛1 DNn-X-amb `mj ˛1 sIm√msX sIm≈m™sX¥h≥ Xs∂ \o sIm√n°bt{X \n\°p cksatSm ˛ ta¬hcnIƒ ImetZi߃°XoXambn F√m°mesØbpw bp≤s°mXnb∑mcmb t\Xm°∑msc°pdn®mWv ˛ ka¿∞n°pI. c≠nSßgn. e`n® Ahm¿UpIƒ. F∂o \neIfn¬ IYmIrØns\°pdn®v ka{Kamb N¿®bv°p kmlNcyw Hcp°p∂p. Nn¥m{]{Inb ˛ ImcyImcW _‘߃ Hcp kµ¿`Øn¬ Is≠Øm\p≈ Ignhv t\Snb Bib߃ D]tbmKn®v Xcw Xncn°m\p≈ Ignhv kma{Kn : -˛ XIgn inhi¶c∏n≈. h°o¬ IrXnIƒ ˛ sNΩo≥.F∂ kmlXyImcs\ kw_‘n® hnhc߃ {]h¿Ø\{Iaw : ˛ ]´mf°mc≥ F∂ IYbpsS cNbnXmhv˛Bcv ˛ At±lØns‚ IrXnIƒ PohnXImew . e£yw : ˛ bp≤w hcpØnshbv°p∂ hn\Isf°pdn®v Ip´nIsf t_m[ys∏SpØpI. PohNcn{X°pdn∏v Xømdm°¬ {]h¿Ø\w : ˛ e£yw ˛ Hcp hy‡nsb°pdn®v {Kln® hkvXpXIƒ Nn´bmbn {IaoIcn°p∂Xn\v PohNcn{X°pdn∏v cNn°p∂Xn\v.

? 3. CØcw ]Z߃ Ihn t_m[]q¿∆w D]tbmKn®Xn\p≈ ImcWsa¥v. XpS¿∂v Bib߃ Iq´nt®¿t°≠h tN¿Øv D]\ymkw Xøm-dm-°p-∂p.? Ip´nIfpsS A`n{]mb߃ t_m¿Un¬ Ipdn°p∂p. `mk°cs‚ hn≠ImeSnIƒ IhnX hmb\ AhXcWw Xmsg∏dbp∂ tNmZyßfp∂bn®p N¿®. . B ]Z߃ GsX¶neqw kwkv°mcØns‚ kqN\bmtWm. tUmIvSdpsS D]tZiw Ihnsb as‰mcp temItØ°v.? 2... tUmIvSsd Nn{XoIcn°ptºmƒ Ihn D]tbmKn®ncn°p∂ hm°pIƒ Fs¥ms°bmWv.. s]mXp N¿® A[ym]I≥ t{ImUoIcn°p∂p. ]©\£{X tlm´ens‚ {]uVn ]mdp∂ kzo‰v. kwkv°mcØnte°mWv FØn°p∂Xv.. en^‰v.bp≤w Nne¿°v lnXIcamWv F¶neqw k¿∆\miw hnXbv°p∂ bp≤w Hgnhm°Ww ˛ t\Xm°∑m¿ kam-[m-\]cambn {]iv\߃ ]cnlcn°Ww . 1. kqNI߃ bp≤hoc∑mcpsS hy‡nXz߃ FSpØp ]dbp∂p Ah¿ D‰h¿°v F{X {]nbs∏´XmWv AhcpsS acWw F√mhscbpw Xf¿Øp∂p..? N¿® Ip´nIƒ {]XnIcn°p∂p.F∂ BibØnte°v Ip´nIƒ FØn-t®-cp-hm≥ {i≤n°Ww. `mKw : 4 Imbn≥t]cn¬ ]qaXn°pthm¿ hn≠ImeSnIƒ ˛ ]n... jqkv. tkmIvkv. ImeØnte°v.bp≤w hcpØn hbv°p∂ kmaqly {]iv\߃ F∂ hnj-bØn¬ D]-\ymkw Xøm-dm. XpSßnb ]ZßfmWv tUmIvSsd Nn{XoIcn®t∏mƒ Ihn t_m[]q¿∆w D]tbmKn®Xv kº∂hpw B¿`mSw \nd™Xpamb Hcp D]cnh¿KØns‚ kqN\bmbn Cu ]Z߃ amdp∂p. AXhXcn∏n°m≥ Ihn D]tbmKn® ]Z߃ Fs¥ms°bmWv. ..°p-I. `mk°c≥ DXp∏ms‚ InW¿ ˛ Imcq¿ \oeI≠∏n≈ ASpØp¨ ˛ A°nØw ISens‚ h°Øv Hcp hoSv ˛ am[hn°p´n ]T\{]h¿Ø\߃ Dt±iyw : IrXnIƒ hmbn®mkzZn°p∂Xn\pw khntijXIƒ hniIe\w sNbvX Ipdn∏pIƒ Xømdm°p∂Xn\pw 1 {]h¿Ø\w : {]XnIcW°pdn∏v Xbmdm°¬ ]T\kma{Kn : hn≠ImeSnI¬ -˛ IhnX {]h¿Ø\{Iaw ]n. e©v.

s]mXp AhXcWw t{ImUoIcWw \Ωƒ C∂\p`hn°p∂ kzmX{¥yØn\p th≠n Atlmcm{Xw ]cn{ian® Bbnc°W°n\p≈ tZim`nam\nIsf ]pXpXeapd Hm¿°p∂n√. Ihn°Xp t\´ßfmWv. A\mtcmKy e£WamWv tUmIvS¿°v ]mZØnse hn≈se¶n¬. Nqcemep≈ ASn XpSßnb ]Z߃ IhnXbnep≠v Cu ]Z߃ kqNn∏n°p∂ PohnX]›mØew BZytØXn¬ \n∂pw XnI®pw `n∂amWv. AhcpsS A`ncpNnIƒ IqSpX¬ `uXnIambnØocp∂p. hy‡nKX cN\ sa®s∏SpØp∂p.t{ImUoIcWw tNdWnhcºv. apSnbn¬ ]nSn®m¿ØpapjvSnbnenSn°¬. Cu {]kXmh\tbmSp≈ {]XnIcWw hy‡n KXambn Ipdn°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. sNΩÆns‚ hgn. Cu ]ZßfneqsS sXfnbp∂ PohnX Nn{X߃ Fs¥ms°. hnebncpج kqNIßfpw kvtImdpw N¿® sNbvXp Xocpam\n°p∂p ˛ 2 ˛ 2 BsI ˛ 4 kvtIm¿ {]XnIcW°pdn∏v {Kp∏n¬ N¿® sNbvXp hnebncpØp∂p. IqcIƒ hngp߬. t{ImUoIcWw ˛ ChbpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ {]XnIcW°pdn∏v sa®s∏SpØm≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. A√ns‚bncpƒ°qØv. ]n™nbsaØ∏mb. s]mXpN¿®. AbmfpsS IÆpIƒ Xmtg°√. Dbcßfnte°mWv. h≠n°p Imin√msXbp≈ \S∏v. sa®s∏Spج hnebncpج Dt±iyw : Imhy`mKßfnse Ae¶mc `wKnbpw _nw_I¬∏\Iƒ XpSßnbh Is≠Øn BkzZn°p∂Xn\pw hniZoIcn°p∂Xn\pw {]h¿Ø\w 2 : Imhy`wKn Is≠Øn Ipdn∏p Xømdm°¬ ]T\kma{Kn : hn≠ ImeSnIƒ ˛ IhnX ˛ Bibw ka¿∞n®n´p≠v ˛ DNnXamb `mj .? N¿® Ip´nIƒ {]XnIcn°p∂p t{ImUoIcWw Xmsg°nSbnep≈ a\pjycpsS bmX\Iƒ°pw thZ\Iƒ°pw {]Xo£Iƒ°pw kz]v\߃°psam∏w \·]mZ\mbn \S∂p \oßnb IhnsbbmWv \manhnsS ImWp∂Xv. Cu am‰w IqSn Ipdn∏nep≠mIWsa∂p kqNn∏n°Ww. hn≠ ImeSnIfp≈ At\Isc Xs‚ klNccmbn ImWp∂ IhnbpsS ImgvN `qanbnte°mWv. As√¶n¬ Hm¿°m≥ {ian°p∂n√. Ncn{Xw ad∂p t]mIp∂ ]pXpXeapdsb°pdn®p≈ hna¿i\w IqSnbmWv hn≠ ImeSnIƒ F∂ IhnX.. F∂m¬ Ihn A`nkwt_m[\ sNøp∂ `njKzc kplrØn\v tUmIv S dpsS [¿ΩØn\∏pdw Ihn \S∂p Ibdnb I\¬ hgnIsf°pdn®v Adnbn√. imizXmtcmKyw \¬Ip∂ D∏p \ocpdhIfmWv XpS¿∂v AekXbpw kpJt`mKmkIXnbpw h¿≤n®phcp∂.

apjvSnbmenSn°pI. CSn\mZamIp∂ A´lmkØn¬ Imb¬ h°pIƒ hndbv°p∂p. IpSnbs‚ A´mlmkw XpSßnbh a\pjys‚ {InbIfmWt√ Cu N¿®bpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ Cu hcnIfnse Imhy`wKn hy‡am°p∂ Ipdn∏v Xmbmdm°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. Cc ˛ tXSns°m≠ncq´n¶n¬ IqcIƒ hngpßptºmƒ Cu `mKw Nm¿´n¬ {]Z¿in∏n°p∂p. Im‰mIp∂ IpSnb≥ sXßpIfpsS HmeIfmIp∂ apSn ]nSn®pebv ° p∂p. s]mXpN¿®. sa®s∏Spج hnebncpج . hcnIfnse Bibw Is≠Ønbn´p≠v ˛ 2 h¿W\Ifnse Imhy`wKn Is≠Ønbn´p≠v ˛ 3 DNnXamb `mj ˛ 1 BsI kvtIm¿ ˛ 6 Ipdn∏v {Kp∏n¬ hnebncpØp∂ s]mXp AhXcWw s]mXpN¿® t{ImUoIcWw c≠p hyXykvX kwkv°mcßsf AhXcn∏n°p∂Xp IqSmsX a\pjy `mh߃ {]IrXnbn¬ Z¿in°p∂ [z\ymflIamb A¿∞ Xe߃ krjvSn°p∂ kµ¿`߃°v G‰hpw \√ DZmlcWamWv Cu `mKw CSh∏mXn°m‰ns\ Hcp apgp°pSnb\mbn Ihn k¶¬∏n°p∂p. hy‡nKX cN\ sa®s∏SpØm≥ {Kp∏p Xncnbp∂p.{]h¿Ø\{Iaw hn≠ ImeSnIƒ F∂ IhnXbnse ( CSh∏mXn°m‰p Iev]I {Zqa߃ X≥ apSnbn¬∏nSn®m¿Øp apjvSnbmenSn°ptºmƒ apjvI\m°pSnbs‚ b´lmkØm¬ Imb¬˛ hm°pIƒ hndbv°ptºmƒ ˛ hm\nSw apgßptºmƒ HmSn∏m™Sp°p∂ s]cnbm¿ sh≈w. BImiw \Spßp∂p. Cu hcnIfn¬ {]IrXnbn¬ a\pjy`mhw Ihn Z¿in°p∂sXßs\sb∂p Is≠Øn AhXcn∏n°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p AhXcWw s]mXpN¿® t{ImUoIcWw apSnbn¬ ]nSn®phen°pI. hnebncpج kqNIßfpw kvtImdpw N¿® sNbvXp Xocpam\n°p∂. t{ImUoIcWw ˛ ChbpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ Ipdn∏v sa®s∏SpØm≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. kmaqlnI ]cnh¿Ø\߃°mbn CdßnØncn®h¿°v `cWIpSØn¬ \n∂pw AhcpsS In¶c∑mcn¬ \n∂pw t\cntS≠n h∂ {Iqcamb ]oU\߃ Cu hcnIfn¬ kqNn∏n°p∂p. cm{Xnbn¬ I≈p IpSn®v ho´nseØp∂ Hcp a\pjy≥ `mcysbbpw a°sfbpw D]{Zhn°p∂Xns‚bpw AhtcmSv A´lkn°p∂Xns‚bpw Hcp bYm¿∞ Nn{Xw IqSn Cu hcnIfn¬ sXfnbp∂p.

hy‡nKX cN\ sa®s∏SpØm≥ {Kp∏p Xncnbp∂p.? F¥mbncp∂p N¿® Ip´nIƒ {]XnIcn°p∂p. hnebncpج kqNIßfpw kvtImdpw N¿® sNbvXp Xocpam\n°p∂p. IhnXI¬ XpSßnbh hmbn®mkzZn°p∂Xn\pw \ncq]W߃ Xbmdm°p∂Xn\pw {]h¿Ø\w 3 : XmcXay°pdn∏v Xbmdm°pI.Dt±iyw : a\pjy_‘߃ lrZbkv]¿inbmbn AhXcn∏n®ncn°p∂ IYIƒ. IhnXbnse Bibw Is≠Ønbn´p≠v ˛ 2 DXp∏ms‚ {]h¿Ø\ßfpsS khnti jXI¬ Is≠Ønbn´p≠v ˛ 2 kz¥w \nKa\ßfpw \nco£Wßfpw DNnXamb `mjbn¬ FgpXnbn´p≠v ˛2 BsI kvtIm¿ ˛ 6 {Kp∏n¬ hnebncpج s]mXpAhXcWw N¿® t{ImUoIcWw . Cu temIØn¬ Pohn®p t]mIpI H‰m¥Snbmb DXp∏m\v henb {]iv\ambncp∂n√. X\n°mcpans√¶nepw kapltØmSv Nne ISaIfps≠∂ hnizmk°mc≥ IjvSs∏Sp∂htcmSv A\pIºbp≈ a\kns‚ DSa a‰p≈h¿°p th≠nbp≈ {]h¿Ø\ßfn¬ kt¥mjw Is≠Øp∂ DXp∏ms‚ a\ pw IhnXbnse Bibhpw kam\amWv s]mXpN¿®. DXp∏m≥ FhnsSbpsaØpw. t{ImUoIcWw ˛ tijw IhnXbnse Z¿i\Øns‚ shfn®Øn¬ DXp∏ms‚ {]h¿Ø\ßsf XmcXayw sNbvXp Ipdn∏p Xbmdm°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. s]mXpN¿® A[ym]I≥ t{ImUoIcn°p∂p.?F∂ tNmZyap∂bn®p N¿® Ip´nIƒ {]XnIcn°p∂p. F¶nepw DXp∏m≥ Pohn®Xv B¿°pth≠nbmbncp∂p. A°nØØns‚ IhnXm`mKw tcJs∏SpØnb Nm¿´v {]h¿Ø\{Iaw DXp∏ms‚ InW¿ ˛ IY hmb\ AhXcWw IY N¿® XpS¿∂v A°nØXØns‚ Hcp IÆo¿°Ww a‰p ˛ ≈h¿°mbv Rm≥ s]mgn°th DZn°bmsW∂mflmhn¬ Bbncw kucaWvUew F∂ IhnXm`mKw Nm¿´n¬ {]Z¿in∏n°p∂p. Bibw N¿®sNøp∂p. ]T\kma{Kn : DXp∏ms‚ InW¿. XpS¿∂v a‰p≈h¿°pth≠n IÆo¿ s]mgn°p∂XneqsS Zp:JnXsc klmbn°p∂XneqsS a\ n¬ Bbncw kucaWvUew DZn°p∂ A\p`hXew DXp∏m\nept≠m.

.... IØv.... LS\ XpSßnbh t_m[ys∏SpØp∂p.. t{ImUoIcWw ˛ ChbpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ ]{Xhm¿Ø sa®s∏SpØnsbgpXm≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p...... InW¿ DXp∏ms‚ krjvSnbmWv.... DXp∏ms‚ acWØn¬ {]IrXnbv°p≈ ZpxJw NcaKoXw ]mSp∂ \mbv.................sa®s∏Spج hnebncpج Dt±iyw : hm¿Ø...... . . IYbnse Bibw {Kln®n´p≠v BibsØ ]{Xhm¿ØbpsS cq]Øn¬ am‰nsbgpXnbn´p≠v DNnXamb `mjmssien kzoIcn®n´p≠v BsI kvtIm¿ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ 2 2 2 6 {Kq∏n¬ hnebncpØp∂p s]mXp AhXcWw N¿® t{ImUoIcWw kam\kw`h߃ ASnÿm\am°n hnhn[ ]{Xßfn¬ h∂ hm¿ØIƒ {i≤bn¬s∏SpØn `mj...................... ˛ ˛ hy‡nKX cN\ sa®s∏SpØm≥ {Kq∏pXncnbp∂p....... ^o®¿.. \nthZ\w XpSßnbh Xbmdm°p∂Xn\pw a‰pffh¿ Xbmdm°nbh ]cntim[n®p hnebncpØp∂Xn\pw {]h¿Ø\w (4) : ]{Xhm¿Ø Xbmdm°pI ]T\kma{Kn : DXp∏ms‚ InW¿ ˛ IY hnhn[ ]{X߃ {]h¿Ø\{Iaw DXp∏ms‚ InW¿ ˛ IYm N¿® XpS¿∂v IYbpsS Ahkm\ `mKsØ B sXfn\o¿ ........ t{ImUoIcWw A¥yambn Pe]m\w sNbvXp F∂ hmIyw acWØns‚ kqN\ \¬Ip∂p........ AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ DXp∏ms‚ a°fpamWv.. a°fmWt√m ]nXmhn\v At¥ymZIa¿∏nt°≠Xv....... N{µs‚ hnfdnb apJw˛ChbneqsS hy‡amIp∂p. XpS¿∂v Cu `mKØp\n∂pw \n߃ a\- n-em-°n-bXv Fs¥ms° ? F∂ tNmZyap∂bn®p N¿®.... ˛ tijw DXp∏ms‚ BfllXy sNbv X kw`hsØ ASnÿm\am°n ]nt‰ZnhksØ ]{XØn¬ hcm\nSbp≈ hm¿Ø hy‡nKXambn Xømdm°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. hnizkvXXtbmsS tKm]\w sNbvXp F∂ `mKw hmbn°m≥ Ip´nItfmSv \n¿t±in°p∂p..... hnebncpج kqNIßfpw kvtImdpw N¿® sNbvXp Xocpam\n°p∂p...... s]mXpN¿®..............

˛ ˛ Ip´nIƒ {]XnIcn°p∂p. -˛ XpS¿∂v ]´WtamSn°nXs®s‚ hmXnen¬ h∂p ap´n \Kcw Po∏n¬ h∂ndßp∂p ˛F∂o {]tbmKßfn¬ A¿∞Øns‚ hnhn[ Xe߃ Z¿in°mtam ? F∂ tNmZyap∂bn®p N¿® sNøp∂p. t{ImUoIcn°p∂p. ImXn¬ tIƒ∏q Rm≥: Ct∏msf¥p sNbvhp \o Pohmflmth F∂o hcnIƒ Ip´nIfpsS {i≤bn¬s∏SpØp∂p. CXpt]mse Xs∂bmWv Po∏n¬ h∂ndßp∂ \Kcw F∂ {]tbmKhpw. F∂m¬ \KcØn¬ \n∂p≈ kplrØp°ƒ°v {KmaØn¬ IhnbpsS ho´nte°v Po∏n¬ h∂ndßmat√m. AXv [z\ymflIhpw hniIe\ kz`mhap≈XpamWv. HmSn°nXbv°pI F∂Xv ]´WØns‚ kz`mhamWv. ]´WtamSn°nXs®s‚ hmXnen¬ h∂pap´n F∂Xn¬ A¿∞Øns‚ ]e km[yXIfpap≠v. ˛ hnebncpج kqNIßfpw kvtImdpw N¿®sNbvXv Xocpam\n°p∂p. \KcØn\v Po∏n¬ h∂ndßm≥ Ignbn√ F∂p \ap°dnbmw. Ihn`mj km[mcWP\ßfpsS kw`mjW `mjbn¬ \n∂pw hyhlmc `mjbn¬ \n∂pw hyXykv X amWv . ˛ s]mXpN¿®. IhnX {]h¿Ø\{Iaw ˛ A°nØØns‚ ASpØq¨ IhnX hmb\ -˛ AhXcWw ˛ Bibw N¿® sNøp∂p ˛ XpS¿∂v ]´WtamSn°nXs®s‚ hmXnen¬ h∂p ap´n hm’eytØmsS Ipiew tNmZn°p∂p Po∏n¬ h∂ndßp∂p \Kcw ho≠pw. Imhy`mjsb \mw kmam\yamb bp‡nIƒ D]tbmKn®v hniIe\w sNøm≥ ]mSn√. t{ImUoIcWw ˛ ChbpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ hcnIfnse A¿∞km[yXIƒ hy‡am°p∂ Ipdn∏v hy‡nKXambn Xømdm°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. F∂m¬ ]´Ww hmXnen¬ h∂p ap´nsb∂Xn\v \KcsØ°pdn®p≈ Hm¿aIƒ. Bibw Is≠Ønbn´p≠v ˛ 2 A¿∞km[yXIƒ Is≠Ønbn´p≠v ˛ 3 DNnXamb `mj ˛ 1 BsI ˛ 6 kvtIm¿ .˛ sa®s∏Spج ˛ hnebncpج Dt±iyw : IrXnIƒ hmbn®v Bibw. \KcØn¬ \n∂p≈ hm¿ØIƒ IhnbpsS ASpsØØn F∂ Bibhpw ChnsS kzoIcn°mhp∂XmWv. A¿∞km[yXIƒ XpSßnbh Is≠Øn BkzZn°p∂Xn\pw {]tbmKn°p∂Xn\pw {]h¿Ø\w 5 ]T\kma{Kn : A¿∞km[yXIƒ Is≠Øn Ipdn∏v Xømdm°¬ : ASpØq¨. \KcØn¬ \ns∂Øp∂ kplrØp°ƒ Fs∂ms° A¿∞w I¬∏n°mw.

BJym\coXn XpSßnbh hniZoIcn°p∂Xn\v {]h¿Ø\w (7) : IYm]m{X \ncq]Ww Xømdm°¬ ]T\kma{Kn : ISens‚ h°Øv Hcp hoSv ˛ IY {]h¿Ø\{Iaw ˛ am[hn°p´nbpsS ISens‚ h°Øv Hcp hoSv F∂ IY hmbn°p∂p. ˛ hy‡nKX cN\ sa®s∏SpØm≥ {Kq∏v Xncnbp∂p ˛ hnebncpج kqNIßfpw kvtImdpw N¿® sNbvXv Xocpam\n°p∂p. IØn¬ Bhiyamb hnhc߃ FgpXnbn´p≠v Bib߃ Nn´bmbn {IaoIcn®n´p≠v IØns‚ LS\ ]men®n´p≠v DNnXamb `mj BsI kvtIm¿ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ {Kq∏n¬ N¿® sNbvXv hnebncpØp∂p s]mXp AhXcWw s]mXp N¿® t{ImUoIcWw ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ 2 2 1 1 6 IhnbpsS \KcØnse HutZymKnI PohnXØnc°v {KmaPohnXØns‚ ku`mKyw XpSßnbh kqNn∏n°Ww. BiwktbmsS IØv Ahkm\n∏n°Ww.˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ Dt±iyw {Kq∏n¬ hnebncpØp∂p s]mXp AhXcWw s]mXp N¿® t{ImUoIcWw sa®s∏Spج : ssZ\wZn\ PohnXhpambn _‘s∏´ IØpIƒ. {]h¿Ø\w 6 : IØv Xømdm°pI ]T\kma{Kn ASpØq¨ IhnX {]h¿Ø\w ˛ ASpØq¨ IhnX ˛ N¿® ˛ ASpØq¨ ]‰n {KmaØn¬ Xmakn°ms\Ønb Ihnbv°v BiwkIƒ t\¿∂psIm≠p≈ IØv hy‡nKXambn Xømdm°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. ˛ ˛ sa®s∏Spج hnebncpج Dt±iyw : IYIfnse ]m{XkrjvSn. IØns‚ LS\ ]men°Ww. At]£Iƒ. . \nthZ\߃ XpSßnb hyhlmc cq]߃ Xømdm°p∂Xn\v.

˛ hy‡nKX cN\ sa®s∏SpØm≥ {Kq∏p Xncnbp∂p ˛ hnebncpج kqNIßfpw kvtImdpw N¿® sNbvXv Xocpam\n°p∂p. ˛ AhXcn∏n°p∂p ˛ XpS¿∂v Cu IYbn¬ ISpØ ZpcnX߬°nSbnepw PohnXsØ XnI™ {]kmZmflIXtbmsS. {]Xo£tbmsS. s]mXp AhXcWw s]mXp N¿® w 2 2 2 6 t{ImUoIcWw w PohnXsØ kpµcambn°mWm≥ klmbIamb at\m`mhw Hmtcm hm°nepw XnI™ {]kmZmflIX w `uXnIPohnXØns‚ \n mcXIƒ°∏pdw Bflobamb A\p`qXn \¬Im≥ Ignbp∂ Hcp A\p`h XeØntebv°v AdpapJØns‚ `mcybpsS a\ pam‰m≥ Ign™p ˛ ˛ ˛ s]mXpN¿®. t{ImUoIcWw ˛ ChbpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ IYm]m{X \ncq]W°pdn∏v sa®s∏SpØnsbgpXm≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. sa®s∏Spج hnebncpج Dt±iyw : IrXnIƒ hmbn®v BkzZn°p∂Xn\pw \ncq]Ww sNøp∂Xn\pw hniIe\°pdn∏v Xømdm°p∂Xn\pw {]h¿Ø\w (8) : hniIe\°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI ]T\kma{Kn : ISens‚h°Øv Hcp hoSv ˛ IY . ˛ B IYm]m{Xhpambn _‘s∏´ IYmkµ¿`߃ Is≠Øm≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. BflhnizmktØmsS kao]n°p∂ IYm]m{Xamcv? F∂ tNmZyap∂bn®p N¿®.˛ ˛ IYmkw{Klw AhXcn∏n°p∂p Cu IYbnse IYm]m{X߃. IYm]m{XØns‚ kz`mh khntijXIƒ Is≠Ønbn´p≠v w IYm]m{XØn\v IYbnse a‰p IYm]m{Xßfpambp≈ _‘w. kz`mh khntijXIƒ. ˛ AhXcWw ˛ s]mXpN¿® ˛ tijw B bphmhns‚ kz`mhkhntijXI¬ IqSn Dƒs∏SpØn IYm]m{X \ncq]Ww hy‡nKXambn Xømdm°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. at\m`mhw F∂nh Ipdn°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. IYbnse ÿm\w w DNnXamb `mj BsI kvtIm¿ {Kq∏n¬ N¿® sNbvXv hnebncpØp∂p.

Ahƒ Gsd ZpxJnXbmWv. AbmtfmsSm∏w sXcphntes°dnbs∏´ `mcy. hy‡nKX cN\ sa®s∏SpØm≥ {Kq∏p Xncnbp∂p hnebncpج kqNIßfpw kvtImdpw N¿® sNbvXv Xocpam\n°p∂p. a\ pXpd∂p≈ kw`mjWw. ]ckv]ckvt\lw. klIcWw. £a ˛ XpSßnbhbneqsS PohnXsØ kaXz kpµcam°nØo¿°m≥ km[n°pw F∂ t_m[w Ip´nIfn¬ hf¿ØnsbSp°m≥ Cu N¿®bneqsS IgnbWw. ]¶psh°¬.˛ ISens‚ h°Øv Hcp hoSv F∂ IYbnse IYm]m{XßfpsS at\m`mhw ˛ \ncmibpsS ]SpIpgnbn¬ hoW AdpapJs‚ `mcy PohnXØnte°v Xncn®ph∂Xn\p ImcWw N¿® sNøp∂p. X∂ncn°p∂ IYmkµ¿`ßfpsS Bibw Is≠Ønbn´p≠v hniIe\w sNbvXv kz¥w \nco£Ww cq]oIcn®n´p≠v A\ptbmPyamb `mjbn¬ Bhnjv°cn®n´p≠v BsI kvtIm¿ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ 2 3 1 6 . Ip´nIƒ {]XnIcn°p∂p s]mXpN¿® t{ImUoIcWw aZy]m\Øn\Snabmbn sXmgn¬ \jv S s∏´ AdpapJ≥. t{ImUoIcWw ˛ CXns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ ka-Im-enI kw`-hßfpw IYm kµ¿`ßfpw hniIe\w sNbvXp Ipdn∏v Xømdm°m≥ \n¿t±in°p∂p. PohnXsØ kpµcambn°mWm≥ klmbIamb Hcp at\m`mhw Ahfn¬ krjvSn°m≥ Ahs‚ hm°pIƒ°v Ignbp∂p. hnizmkw. X\n°n\n PohnXØn¬ H∂pw {]Xo£n°m\n√ F∂p Xo¿®bm°n°gn™ B kv{XobpsS PohnXsØ A∏msS am‰nØo¿°p∂Xv XnI™ {]kmZmflIX \nd™ bphmhns‚ hm°pIfmWv. ˛ ˛ s]mXpN¿®.

hy‡nXzhpw hyXykvXhpamb IYm]m{X߃ . AXpsIm≠pXs∂ tZisØ Bhnjv°cn°p∂Xv kzXzmhnjv°mcambn amdp∂p.˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ sa®s∏Spج AhXcWw s]mXpN¿® t{ImUoIcWw hnebncpج bqWn‰v 5 tZis∏cpa w s]m∂m\n w X´Iw ˛ w ISΩ\n´ w DcpfnIp∂Øns‚ epØn\nb ˛ \ºqXncn tImhne≥ ˛ ISΩ\n´ cmaIrjvW≥ ˛ k°dnb 1 eLp°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI tZiw Hmtcm hy‡n°pw kzXzamWv. PohnX coXn hgnIƒ. hkv{X[mcW coXn F∂nh Nn{XoIcn®p. hcIƒs°m∏w hcnIƒ. BNmc߃ A\pjvTm\߃. tcJIƒ \ºqXncnbpsS tZiamb s]m∂m\nbpsS kmaqlnIhpw kmwkv°mcnIhpamb sshhn[yßfpsS ASbmfs∏SpØemWv. ˛ \ºqXncnbpsS cN\bn¬ sXfnbp∂ tZis∏cpa ˛ N¿® Æ \ºqXncnbpsS Nn{XßfpsS {]tXyIXIƒ Æ cN\bv°mbn sXcs™SpØ {KmaZriy߃ Æ Nn{Xßfn¬ \n∂v Is≠Ømhp∂h Æ tcJmNn{Xhpw hmMvab Nn{Xhpw H∂n°p∂Xns‚ {]tXyIX Æ ]gsbmcp ImesØ {]Xy£s∏SpØptºmƒ hcnIfnepw hcIfnepw ImWp∂ ]ga kz¥w tZisØ Bhnjv°cn°ptºmƒ hcbnepw `mjm{]tbmKØnepw \ºqXncn GsX√mw LSI߃°mWv {][m\yw \¬InbXv ? eLp°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI. sI´nS߃. hcnIfneqsSbpw hcIfneqsSbpw At±lw kz¥w \mSns\ Hm¿sØSp°p∂p. FgpØn¬ hmsamgnbpsS Xmfw. cN\bn¬ XpdapJw. tXmSpIƒ. t£{Xw.

{]XnIcW°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI kz¥w \mSv Bhnjv°cn°m\mbn \ºqXncn hcIƒ kzoIcn®t∏mƒ k°dnb FgpØmWv kzoIcn®Xv. Cu {]kvXmh\tbmSv \n߃ Nn{XImc\mb \ºqXncnbpsSbpw FgpØpImc\mb k°dnbbpsSbpw Bhnjv tbmPn°p∂pt≠m ? {]XnIcW°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI.°cWßfn¬ kam\XIƒ GsdbmWv. F∂m¬ ChcpsS c≠pt]cpsSbpw cN\Ifn¬ kam\XIƒ ImWmw ˛ N¿® tZisØ hcbv°ptºmƒ \ºqXncn {]m[m\yw \¬Inbncn°p∂Xv ˛ `q{]IrXn ˛ sI´nS߃ ˛ hy‡nIƒ ˛ Bcm[\meb߃ DcpfnIp∂sØ°pdn®v ]dbptºmƒ k°dnb Bhnjv°cn®ncn°p∂h ˛ {Kmaw ˛ {KmaoW P\߃ ˛ sXmgn¬ ˛ Irjn ˛ P\ßfpsS {]tXyIXIƒ ˛ {]IrXn`wKn cN\Ifnse kam\XIƒ ˛ {KmaoWImgvNIƒ ˛ ÿeØns‚ {]tXyIXIƒ ˛ {it≤bcmb hy‡nIƒ ˛ Xs∂ BI¿jn®h¿ hcbnepw FgpØnepw ImWmhp∂ hyXykvXXIƒ ˛ hcIƒ IrXyamb ImgvN \¬Ip∂p ˛ `mj `mh\bpsS temIw Xpd°p∂p ˛ hcIfn¬ Nn{XImcs‚ ho£Ww ˛ IYm]m{XØns‚ Nn¥Iƒ FgpØn¬ . .ap : \n : kqNI߃ kvtIm¿ ˛ 4 \ºqXncn cN\mcoXnbpsS {]tXyIXIƒ Xncn®dn™n´p≠v ˛ 2 hcbpw `mjbpw XΩnep≈ _‘w ˛ Is≠Ønbn´p≠v DNnXamb `mjbn¬ FgpXnbn´p≠v ˛ 1 1 2.

4. BJym\coXnbnepw cN\mssienbnepw sshhn[yap≈ IrXnbmWv X´Iw ]mT`mKw hniIe\w sNbvXv sIm≠v Ipdn∏v Xømdm°pI.IrXnbneqsS tImhne\v Ignbp∂pt≠m ? ]p\xkrjvSn°phm≥ X´Iw F∂ BJym\anIhpsIm≠v Hcp ]gbImesØ ˛N¿® ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ X´IØnse `mjbpsS {]tXyIXIƒ ]gbImesØ ]ZmhenIƒ {]tbmK߃ ˛ khntijXIƒ IYm]m{XßfpsS AhXcWw BJym\coXnbn¬ hS°≥ ]m´pItfmSp≈ ASp∏w h¿Æ\Iƒ Im¿jnI PohnXØns‚ ASbmf߃ N¿®bv°ptijw X´Iw ]p\¿hmb\ Ip´nIƒ hy‡nKXambn \SØp∂p.ap : \n : kqNI߃ cN\Ifnse kam\XIƒ Is≠Ønbn´p≠v ˛ kzm`n{]mbw ka¿Yn®n´p≠v ˛ DNnXamb `mjbn¬ FgpXnbn´p≠v ˛ kvtIm¿ ˛ 4 3. hmb\m°pdn∏v Xømdm°p∂p. AhXcWw. 2 1 1 XmcXay°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI Nn{XImc\mb \ºqXncnbpsSbpw FgpØpImc\mb k°dnbbpsSbpw Bhnjv°mcßfnep≈ kam\XIƒ Is≠Øn XmcXay°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI. hy‡nKX cN\ ˛ AhXcWw ˛ sa®s∏Spج . ap : \n : kqNI߃ Bhnjv°mcßfnse kam\XIƒ Xncn®dn™n´p≠v ˛ hcbpsSbpw `mjbpsSbpw {]tXyIXIƒ XmcXayw sNbvXn´p≠v DNnXamb `mjbn¬ FgpXnbn´p≠v 2 ˛ ˛ 2 1 .

. ... ap : \n : kqNIw {]tbmKßfpsS khntijXIƒ Xncn®dn™n´p≠v cN\bpsS {]tXyIXIƒ hniIe\w sNbvXn´p≠v ˛ BkzmZ\mwi߃ Is≠Ønbn´p≠v DNnXamb `mjbn¬FgpXnbn´p≠v ˛ 2 ˛ ˛ 2 1 1 kvtIm¿ ˛ 6 khntij{]tbmKßfpw hmMvab Nn{Xßfpw ]Zyßfn¬ am{Xa√ KZyßfnepw ImWmw. _meyw. FÆw sX‰nb Hm¿aIƒ ho≠pw Iq∂n¬ Ncnhn¬ amhn≥ sImºn¬ tZiØns‚ ap{ZIƒ BgØn¬ ]Xn™p InS°p∂ ISΩ\n´ F∂ IhnXbn¬ IhnbpsS {KmasØ°pdn®p≈ Fs¥√mw Hm¿ΩIfmWv IS∂phcq∂Xv ˛ N¿® P∑\mSns\°pdn®p≈ kPohamb Hm¿ΩIfpsS Bhnjv°mcw cmhnse apX¬ cm{Xn hscbp≈ ImgvNIƒ ssiihw. .. 6. KZyØnse BkzmZ\wißfnte°v Iq´n FØnt®cphm\mhiyamb kqN\Iƒ N¿®bn¬ A[ym]nI \¬Iphm≥ {i≤n°Ww.. t\mh¬ `mKw hnebncpØn BkzmZ\w Xømdm°pI... BkzmZ\w Xømdm°pI \nehnf°ns‚ kpK‘wt]mse ssIX∏qsºmSn ]mdnbt]mse IcnbneIfn¬ Im¬®nesºmen XØnbt]mse Im\¬ Xp≈p∂ shbn¬ hmƒØe∏pIƒ an∂nbt]mse.. {]tbmKßfpw cN\mssienbpw X´I Ønse `mj BI¿jIam°p∂p....ap : \n : kqNIw BJym\coXnbpsS {]tXyIX Is≠Ønbn´p≠v cN\bpsS {]tXyIXIƒ hniIe\w sNbvXn´p≠v DNnXamb `mjbn¬ FgpXnbn´p≠v ˛ ˛ 2 1 ˛ ˛ 1 4 kvtIm¿ 5.IhnXbpsS Bibw Is≠ØpI. Ah KZysØ IqSpX¬ BI¿jIam°p∂p.. buh\w F∂nh IS∂p hcp∂p.. {KmaØns‚ sshhn[yam¿∂ apJw .

.... AhXcW coXn BsI 7 2 2 1 1 6 s\√n≥ X≠p aW°pw hgnIƒ.... BkzmZ\w Xømdm°pI Bibw Is≠Ønbn´p≠v Imhy`mK߃ hnebncpØn BkzmZ\mwi߃ Is≠Ønbn´p≠v kz¥amb \ocn£Wßfpw tN¿Øn´p≠v A\ptbmPyamb `mj. {Kma PohnXØns‚ am‰ßƒ \jvS{]Wbw C{µobm\p`hw hcnIfn¬ ({KmaØns‚ \ndw. aq : \n : kq Imhy`mK߃ hnebncqØnbn´p≠v 2 kz¥amb \nco£W߃ tN¿Øn´p≠v 2 DNnXamb `mjbn¬ AhXcn∏n®n´p≠v 1 kvtIm¿ 5 Iev]ShmsIbnSn™p s]mfn™ IpfØn¬ IShn¬ X≈ØhfIƒ \maw sNm√n \mSn≥ \∑ IpSn®p acn® IpfØn¬ `KhXn am{Xw ]mXnc t\m°n \ocm´mSn IpfØns‚ `qX ˛ h¿Øam\ Ime Zriy߃ Bhnjv°cn°ptºmƒ Ihn \¬Ip∂ hyXykvX Nn{X߃ Is≠Øn BkzmZ\w Xømdm°pI.... 8 ... hcnIƒ. {]tbmK߃ F∂nh B B bn¬ XpS¿∂v cN\mL´Ønte°v IS°p∂p. Iev]ShmsIbnSn™p s]mfn™ ]q°sf \p≈nbpW¿Øn C{µnbm\p`h߃ IS∂p hcp∂ hcnIƒ ISΩ\n´v F∂ IhnXbn¬ [mcmfamWv. XeapSn aWsa≥ aq°ns\dn™p apdn™p.. aWw. Imhy`mK߃ hnebncqØn Ipdn∏v Xømdm°pI.... i_vZw kv]¿iw) Bhnjv°mcØns‚ ImhymflIamb khntijXIƒ Bhnjv°mc coXn `qXIme Zriy߃ ( Iev]ShmsIbnSn™p s]mfn™. ... 6 Hm¿abpsS Bhnjv°mcamb ISΩ\n´ F∂ IhnXbn¬ Xs‚ tZiamb ISΩ\n´sb°pdn®p≈ Fs¥√mw kvacWIfmWv ImWphm≥ Ignbp∂Xv.....) {][m\ Bibw.) h¿Øam\Ime Zriyw (\mSn≥ \∑ IpSn®p acn® IpfØn¬..

\m´n≥ ]pdØns‚ ]m¿timev]∂w am{XamWv Xm≥ Xs‚ \m´nse Irjn tZi\ma߃ Ne\mflIamb {Kmaw ˛ a\pjy¿ kq£vaamb {KmaPohnXm\p`h߃ {Kma PohnXw \¬Inb `mj . teJ\w ˛ {][m\ Bibw ˛ N¿® FgpØpImc\pw _p≤nPohnbpambn hf¿∂p ]¥en® k°dnb bpsS thcpIƒ Ct∏mgpw DcpfnIp∂Øp Xs∂bmWv ]S¿∂p InS°p∂Xv. Xm\nt∏mgpw ]meØ]¶se Idnbm®≥ Xs∂bmsW∂p≈ kuayhpw {Kmayhpamb Xncn®dnhv Bthi kwkvIrXn°p apºnep≈ hn\b]q¿Wamb ka¿∏WamWv DcpfnIp∂sØ °pdn®p≈ Fs¥√mw Nn¥IfmWv k°dnbmbn¬ Dbcp∂Xv teJ\w hnebncpØmw N¿® DcpfnIp∂hpw Ab¬ \mSpIfpw {]IrXnbpamWv k°dnbmsb krjvSn®Xv.cN\bn¬ BZytØXv `qXIme Zriyw ˛ ]pecn /X≈Øhf/ Xmac /]mXnc c≠matØXv h¿Øam\Imew ˛ ]mb¬ /]mgvsNSn /]mb¬ {KmaØns‚ kPohX \jvSs∏´ncn°p∂p kuµcym\p`qXnbn¬ h∂am‰w {KmaØns‚ ]cp°≥ `mhw ]Zßfn¬ hcpØnbam‰w aq : \n : kqNIw Imhy`mKsØ Bibw {Kln®n´p≠v {]tbmK khntijXIƒ Is≠Ønbn´p≠v DNnXamb `mj. AhXcW coXn 2 1 1 (BsI 4) {]`mX ˛ kmbm\w h¿Æ\ _mey ˛ Iuamc ˛ buh\ ImeL´ kqN\Iƒ {KmaØn¬ `uXoIambp≠mb am‰ßƒ KrlmXpcpXzØns‚ Bgw IhnXbn¬ ˛ XpSßnbh kPoh N¿®bv°v hnt[bam°pIbpw BkzZ\°pdn∏m°pIbpw sNøWw {]h¿Ø\w .

teJ\w hnebncqØn e`n® Ipdn∏pIfpsS Bib hni-I-e\w sNbvX eLp°pdn∏pIƒ Xømdm°p∂p... F∂nse _p≤n Pohn Zp: kz]v\߃ ImWptºmƒ F∂nse aÆpÆn F\n°v thsd H∂m¥cw Dd∏pIƒ Xcp∂p... ... B tZikwkvIrXn°p apºnep≈ k°dnbbpsS hn\b]q¿Wamb ka¿∏WamWv Rm≥ thsdm∂pa√ DcpfnIp∂sØ I√ns‚bpw aÆns‚bpw Im‰ns‚bpw ap≈ns‚bpw taLØns‚bpw sh≈Øns‚bpw Hcp ]m¿tizm¬∏∂w am{XamWv... 9) DcpfnIp∂sØ a\pjy¿ Fs∂ Nncn°m\pw kt¥mjn∏n°m\pw ]Tn∏n®p.......... hnhn[ {Kp∏pIfn¬ k°dnbmbpsS teJ\Ønse sXcs™SpØ `mK߃ hnXcWw sNøp∂p..acßfpsS XWen¬ Ccq´pw \ngepw ]q≠pInS°p∂ Hcp {]tZiamWv.......Bib߃ BB bn¬ tcJs∏SpØp∂p......... PohnXm¥yw hsc Ft∂msSm∏w \ne\n¬°p∂hbmb Irjn°mcs‚ s]mcqfpIƒ [mcfambn \¬In DcpfnIp∂sØ aÆv Fs∂ A\p{Kln®p ]I¬°n\mhn\v ]‰nb ÿeambncp∂p DcpfnIp∂w........ s]mXp AhXcWw ˛ sa®s∏Spج ˛ ssIamdn hnebncpج aq : \n : kqNIw Bib߃ hniIe\w sNbvXn´p≠v ]mT`mKsØ Bib߃ XmcXayw sNbvXn´p≠v kz¥w \nKa\w cq]oIcn®n´p≠v DNnXamb `mjbn¬ FgpXnbn´p≠v kvtIm¿ : 6 2 2 1 1 .... Xm\nt∏mgpw ]meØp¶se Idnbm®p Xs∂bmsW∂p≈ kuayhpw {Kmayhpamb Xncn®dnhv............ BSbm`cWßfn√mØ Hcp `j F\n°p X∂p. B `mjbpsS ]n∂n¬ Hcp PohnX emfnXyap≠mbncp∂p...

kwkv°mcw Chsbm∂pw kz¥ambn√mØhcmWv aebmfnIƒ ˛ ˛ ˛ Cu {]kvXmh\tbmSv \n߃ tbmPn°p∂pt≠m ? F¥psIm≠v ? \ΩpsS `mjbpw thjhpsams° Xocpam\n°p∂XmcmWv ? am[yaßfpsS kzm[o\w N¿® sNøp∂p. c‡Ønepw \ndØnepw C¥y°mcpw A`ncpNnbpw kwkv°mcØnepw sh≈°mcpamb Hcp P\Xsb hm¿sØSp°emWv Fs‚ e£yw sa°msf an\pSvknse {]Jym]\w F¥mWv CXv \tΩmSv ]dbp∂Xv ? Cw•ojpIm¿ C¥y°msc Bflobambn Iogvs∏SpØm≥ {ian®sXßs\ ? ˛ ˛ N¿®IfpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ aebmfnbpsS h¿Øam\ Xmev]cyßtfmSp≈ \nßfpsS hy‡n]camb {]XnIWw Xømdm°m≥ Bhiys∏Sp∂p. Ip™ncma≥ \mb¿ aebmfw ˛ k®nXm\µ≥ {]h¿Ø\w ˛ 1 Dt±iyw ˛ kz¥w `mjbpw kwkv°mchpw \ntj[n°p∂XneqsS kz¥w hy‡nXzw Xs∂ C√mXmIp∂psh∂ Xncn-®dn-hp-≠m-Ip-∂Xn\v `mj. ]cnlmc \n¿t±i߃ i‡amb `mjw. kvtIm¿ ˛ 4 aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ aebmfnbpsS h¿Øam\ \ne]mSpIƒ hniIe\w sNbvXn´p≠v kz¥w \ne]mSpIƒ. thjw.ASnÿm\ ]mTmhen hm°mw h¿Æ°pS NqSn bqWn‰v ˛ 1 ]mT`mK߃ hn[n ˛ Iem{]nb Fs‚ `mj ˛ h≈tØmƒ hm°ns‚ IqsScnbp∂p ˛ KqKn hm XnHmwtKm kuµcy]qP ˛ ]n. Nn´bmb {IaoIcWw BsI ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ 1 1 4 4 .

X∂Xn√ ]c\p≈pIm´phm s\m∂pta \c\p]mbaoizc≥ C∂p `mjbnX]q¿Æanßtlm h∂pt]mw ]ngbpa¿∞i¶bm¬ (Bim≥) (\fn\n) ˛ Cu IhnXm `mKØns‚ Bibsa¥v ? ˛ `mj Adnbmambncp∂n´pw ^e{]Zambn Bib߃ ]¶pshbv°phm≥ IgnbmsX hcptºmgp≠mIp∂ am\knI hyY ChnsS F{XtØmfw {]ISamWv ? ˛ CØcw A\p`h߃ \nßfpsS PohnXØnepw D≠mbn´pt≠m ? `mj ^e{]Zambn {]tbmKn°m≥ IgnbmsX h∂ Hcp kµ¿`sØ°pdn®v kzm\p`h°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI.{]h¿Ø\w ˛2 Dt±iyw ˛ PohnXØns‚ [¿Ωk¶S߃ Ahnjv°cn°m\p≈ am[yaamWv `mj F∂p Xncn®dnbp∂Xn\v. F\n°Xns‚ IqSdnbmw Ip™nt\bpadnbmw F∂m¬ F\n°Xns‚ `mjbdnbn√t√m? IhnXm`mKw {]Z¿in∏n°p∂p hy‡nKX hmb\ N¿® ˛ ChnsS BcpsS `mjbmWv Adnbns√∂v Ihn ]dbp∂Xv ? ˛ GXp kµ¿`ØnemWv Ihn Cßs\ ]dbp∂Xv ? ˛ InfnbpsS `mj AdnbWsa∂v Ihn B{Kln°p∂Xv F¥n\mbncn°pw ? Bib߃ t{ImUoIcn°p∂p. kvtIm¿ ˛ 4 aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ lrZbkv]¿inbmb A\p`hØns‚ Bfl\njvTamb Bhnjv°mcw `mhmflIhpw A\p`h Xo{hhpamb `mj. Nn´bmb {IaoIcWw BsI ˛ ˛ ˛ 2 2 4 .

D]kwlmcw)˛ BsI ˛ 6 1 . hnjb hnImkw. Bib߃ Is≠Ønbn´p≠v ˛ 1 2). ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ChnsS Ihn ]cma¿in°p∂ Ccpƒ°p≠v F¥mWv ? h¿Øam\ tIcfw t\cnSp∂ `mjm]camb A]Nbw F¥mWv ? `mj Fßs\bmWv ]nSn°bdmbnØocp∂Xv ? `mjbpsS A]NbsØ sNdp°m≥ `mjsb i‡ns∏SptØ≠Xnt√ ? Fßs\ ? `mjbpsS D∂a\ØneqsS kwkv°mcØns‚ D∂a\hpw \St°≠Xnt√ ? ta¬kqN\Iƒ {]tbmP\s∏SpØn amXr`mjbpw aebmfnbpw F∂ hnjbØn¬ Hcp FUnt‰mdnb¬ Xømdm°pI. hni-Ie\w sNbvXn-´p≠v ˛2 3). BapJw. i‡amb `mj ˛ 1 5).{]h¿Ø\w ˛ 3 Dt±iyw ˛ amXr`mjsb i‡ns∏SpØp∂XneqsS kwkv°mcsØbpw i‡ns∏SpØmw F∂ [mcW t\Sp∂Xn\v. kz¥w \nco£W߃ AhXcn∏n®n´p≠v 4). tIcfØn∂obncƒ°p≠n¬ \ns∂m∂p tIdm≥ ]nSn°bsd¥p thsd. hnZymebßfn¬ aebmfw H∂mw `mjbmbn Db¿Øns°m≠v k¿°m¿ DØchnd°n ˛ hm¿Ø ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ Cu DØchv F¥mWv \tΩmSp ]dbp∂Xv ? H∂mw`mjbmIp∂tXmsS aebmfØns‚ {]k‡n IqSptam ? DØchpIƒ sIm≠v \ΩpsS aebmfw c£s∏Sptam ? BcmWv aebmfsØ c£s∏SptØ≠Xv ? N¿®bpsS Bibw t{ImUoIcn°p∂p. aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ 1). LS\ (io¿jIw.

(]q°fw Xo¿°p∂ ]pe¿thfIƒ. tIh©ntbdnt∏mIp∂ shÆnemhWn cmhv.. Im¬sh∏n\m¬ ]q \ncØp∂ cay imcZ I\yI .. Nn´bmb {IaoIcWw BsI ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ 2 1 1 4 ..{]h¿Ø\w ˛ 4 Dt±iyw ˛ tIhew Bibhn\nabØn\∏pdw `mjbpsS kuµcymflI Xew IqSn Xncn®dnbp∂Xn\v... IÆocWn™p Ip{Kma e£van t\m°nbncn°sh tIh©n tIdnt∏mtbmW shÆnemhWn cmhpIƒ ˛ ˛ BcmWv IÆocWn™Xv ? F¥psIm≠v ? Cu IhnXbnse a‰p {]IrXnh¿Æ\Iƒ Is≠ØpI.. ˛ ˛ ˛ {]IrXyp]mkI\mb IhnbmWv ]n... Ip™ncma≥ \mbsc∂v kuµcy]qP sXfnbn°p∂p ˛ F¥mWv \nßfpsS A`n{]mbw ? ka¿∞n°pI....) Cu {]tbmK߃ kqNn∏n°p∂sX¥mWv ? CØcw {]tbmK߃ BibØn\v F¥p {]tXyIXbmWv \¬Ip∂Xv ? {]IrXn {]Xn`mkßfneqsS a\pjy`mh߃ AhXcn∏n°p∂Xns‚ kuµcyXew hniZam°pI. kvtIm¿ ˛ 4 aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ {]tbmK`wKn Is≠Øn hniZoIcn®n´p≠v kuµcymwiw Is≠-Øn-bn-´p≠v efnXamb `mj.

kvtIm¿ ˛ 4 aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ hm¿Ø.{]h¿Ø\w ˛ 5 Dt±iyw ˛ Bflmhns‚ Bhnjv°mcw km[yamIp∂Xv amXr`mjbneqsSbmWv F∂v [mcWbp≠mIp∂Xn\v. aebmfnIƒ B¿÷htØmsS Cu {]tabw Dƒs°m≈p∂pt≠m? ]{Xhm¿ØbpsSbpw IhnXm`mKØns‚bpw Bibw Dƒs°m≠psIm≠v hniIe\°pdn∏v Xømdm°pI. a‰p≈ `mjIƒ tIhew [m{Xnam¿ a¿Xy\p s]‰Ω X≥ `mj Xm≥ ˛ BcpsS hcnIfmWnh ? ˛ CXnse Bibsa¥v ? ˛ tIhew F∂Xns‚ {]k‡n F¥v ? Bflmhns‚ Bhnjv°mcw km[yamIp∂Xv amXr`mjbneqsSbmsW∂v Ihn ]dbp∂p. IhnXmwiw ChbpsS Bib߃ hna¿i\mflIambn hnebncpØnbn´p≠v kz¥w \ne]mSv hy‡am°nbn´p≠v efnXamb `mj BsI ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ 2 1 1 4 . N¿® ˛ XangcpsS GXv hnImcamWv ChnsS {]ISamIp∂Xv ? ˛ aebmfØn¬ H∏nSp∂ F{X aebmfnIƒ D≠v ? ˛ aebmfØn¬ H∏nSp∂Xv A`nam\ambn \n߃°v tXm∂p∂pt≠m ? F¥psIm≠v ? N¿®bn¬ DcpØncn™ Bib߃ t{ImUoIcn°p∂p. Xangn¬ H∏v \n¿_‘w \oeKncn : Xangv\m´nse \oeKncn Pn√bn¬ Xangn¬ H∏nSm\dnbmØ DtZymKÿ¿°v iºfh¿≤\ d±m°psa∂v Pn√m dh\yq Hm^ok¿ ap∂dnbn∏v \¬In ]{Xhm¿Ø Ip´nIƒ hmbn°p∂p.

kvtIm¿ ˛ 4 aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ Bib߃ {]I-Sn-∏n-´p≠v ˛ 2 kz¥w \ne]mSv ˛ 2 hna¿i\mflI Nn¥bpw bp‡n]q¿∆ap≈ ka¿∞\hpw BsI ˛ ˛ 2 4 .F≥.hn Cu IhnXmwiØns‚ Bibsa¥v ? aebmfn°v GXp `mjbpw hgßpw F∂mtWm CXp kqNn∏n°p∂Xv ? ˛ ˛ N¿® aebmfw A\mbmkambn ]Tn°m≥ ]‰n√ F∂Xv aebmfØns‚ IcpØpw aebmfn A\y`mjIƒ thKw ]Tn°p∂p F∂Xv aebmfnbpsS IcØpamWv. Cu {]kvXmh\tbmSv \n߃ tbmPn°p∂pthm ? aebmf`mjsb CsXßs\ _m[n°pw ? kzm`n{]mbw ka¿∞n°pI. Rm≥ h¿Øam\w ]dbp∂ coXn°mWv CsX√mw FgpXnbncn°p∂Xv ‚p∏q∏ms°mcmt\≠m¿∂v F∂ IrXnbnse {Kmay]Z߃ hnh¿ØIsc Gsd v Ipg°n ˛ ˛ ta¬ kqN\Iƒ F¥mWv \tΩmSv ]dbp∂Xv ? aebmf `mjbpsS IcpØt√ ChnsS {]ISamIp∂Xv ? N¿® \mw ]Wbw hbv]q \ΩpsS `mjsb as‰mcp \m´nse shÆbpw sdm´nbpw t\Sphm≥ am{Xambv ˛ H.{]h¿Ø\w ˛ 6 Dt±iyw : Bflobamb Iogvs∏SpØens‚ am[yaamIp∂p `mj.

kvtIm¿ aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ i‡amb Bib߃ Bhnjv°cn®n´p≠v ImcyImcWklnXw ka¿∞n®n´p≠v Bib{IaoIcWw / `mj DNnXamb LS\ BsI ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ 2 2 1 1 6 ˛ 6 . ˛ ˛ ˛ \Ωp°pw Hm¿Ωn°m≥ CØcw IYIfpsS Hcp Imew D≠mbncp∂nt√ ? C∂v \ΩpsS kmbm”߃ BcmWv IøS°nbncn°p∂Xv ? Cooked food Bbn e`n°p∂. tNmZyßfn√mØ C∂sØ IYIƒ \sΩ k∑m¿§ t_m[Ønte°p \bn°p∂pt≠m ? X∂ncn°p∂ kqN\Iƒ hnIkn∏n®v amXr`mjbpw \mtSmSnkmlnXyhpw F∂ hnjbØn¬ Hcp {]`mjWw Xømd°pI. Xo Iq´n Np‰pancp∂v IY tI´ncp∂ A°mesØ kmbm”߃ Fs‚ Hm¿Ωbnep≠vv ˛ BcpsS Hm¿Ωbn¬ ? ˛ AØcw IYIfnse IYm]m{X߃ Bcmbncp∂p ? ˛ {]tabw F¥mbncp∂p ? ˛ a\pjy IYm]m{Xßfnse c≠p Xc°m¿ Bscms° ? ˛ BXy¥nI \∑ B¿°mbncp∂p ? Bib߃ t{ImUoIcn°p∂p.{]h¿Ø\w ˛ 7 Dt±iyw ˛ `mj kwkv°mcØns‚ Nn”amWv F∂p Xncn®dnbp∂Xn\v.

˛ k°dnb . Aßs\ hoSpw hbepw R߃°v {]mYanI hnZymebßfmbn. kvtIm¿ ˛ 6 aqey \n¿Æb kqNI߃ IhnXmwibØns‚bpw ]mT`mKØns‚bpw Bib߃ ]ckv]cw _‘s∏SpØnbn´p≠v ˛ Is≠ØepIƒ bp‡n]q¿∆w ka¿∞n®n´p≠v ˛ A\ptbmPyamb `mj.{]h¿Ø\w ˛ 9 Dt±iyw : amXr`mjm]T\w \ntj[n°s∏Sp∂h¿°v kzXzw Xs∂ \jvSs∏Sp∂p. LS\ ˛ BsI ˛ {]h¿Ø\w ˛ 10 Dt±iyw ˛ `mjmkvt\lhpw tZikvt\lhpw ImetZimXnh¿ØnbmWv F∂dnbp∂Xn\v. ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ BcmWnßs\ ]d™Xv ? ImcWsa¥v ? B hnZymebØn¬ F¥p ]mTßfmWp ]Tn®Xv ? BcmWp ]Tn∏n®Xv ? 2 2 2 6 Chn-sS-sb√mw Fs‚ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Xp≈n-Ifpw Xcn-Ifpw Xfn¿∏p-Ifpw thcp-Ifpw NnX-dn-°n-S∏p-≠v. {]h¿Ø\w ˛ 9 P\n°pw \nanjw sXms´≥ aI∂nw•ojv ]Tn°Ww AXn\mse≥ `mcyX≥ t]d˛ ßnw•≠nem°n Rm≥ Ip™pÆnamjv ˛ ˛ ˛ aebmfnbpsS GXp at\m`mhsØbmWv Ip™pÆnamjv ChnsS ]cnlkn°p∂Xv ? aebmfnbpsS a\ v amtd≠Xpt≠m ? F¥psIm≠v ? amXr`mjm]T\w \ntj[n°s∏Sp∂ Ip´n°v Fs¥ms°bmWv \jvSs∏Sp∂Xv ? hm°ns‚ IqsScnbp∂p F∂ ]mT`mKØnse Bib߃ IqSn ]cnKWn®psIm≠v aebmfw ad°p∂ aebmfn F∂ hnjbØn¬ Hcp D]\ymkw Xømdm°pI.

hn]W\ Xmev]cyw. ]m\¬ N¿® \S°p∂p.Sn. a‰p Ip´nI¬°v N¿®bn¬ ]s¶Sp°phm≥ Ahkcw \¬IWw . hnjbw Ip´nIƒ°v \¬Ip∂p. ˛ Cßs\ ]dbm≥ ImcWsa¥v ? ˛ Xs‚ tZiØns‚ Hcp ]m¿tizmXv]∂w am{XamWv Xms\∂v k°dnb ]d™sX¥psIm≠mhmw ? ˛ aÆpÆnbmWv Xms\∂v k°dnb A`nam\n°p∂sX¥psIm≠v ? kz¥w `mjbnepw. kvtIm¿ ˛ 4 aqey\n¿Æb kqNI߃ {]kvXmh\Ifnse Bibw kam\XIƒ Is≠-Øn-bn-´p≠v A\ptbmPyamb `mj BsI ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ 2 1 1 4 bqWn‰v ˛ 2 thWao kvt\l _‘-ß-fq-gn-bn¬ sIm®p ZpxJßfpdßq {_“mebw tXmcmag Fs¥ms°tbm \jvSs∏´ Hcmƒ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ H. ]m\¬ N¿® kvt\lØns‚ alXzw hn]WnbpsS X{¥ßƒ \jvSambns°m≠ncn°p∂ tIcfØ\na IpSpw_ _‘ßfpsS ]hn{XX kmaqly _‘ßfpsS {]k‡n tamUtd‰sd Is≠Øp∂p.hn hn. lcnIpam¿ bqWn‰nse ]mT`mK߃ hniIe\w sNøphm\pw a\pjy_‘߃°p≠mb A]Nbw. `´Xncn∏mSv d^o°v AlΩZv C.F≥. tZiØnepw A`nam\n°p∂ Cu c≠p kmlnXyImc∑mcpsS {]kvXmh\Iƒ XmcXayw sNbvXv Ipdn∏v Xømdm°pI. kzm¿∞X.Cu hm°p-Iƒ \tΩmSv ]d-bp-∂sX-¥m-Wv. XpSßnbh Xncn®dnbm\pw kmaqly _‘ßfpw kvt\lhpamWv a\pjys\ a\pjy\m°p∂Xv F∂ Nn¥ hfcphm\pw kz¥w \ne]mSpIƒ hy‡am°phm\pw th≠n ]m\¬ N¿® \SØp∂p.

Ip´nIƒ°v kz¥w \ne]mSpIƒ hy‡am°phm\pw bp‡n ]q¿∆w ka¿∞n°phm\pap≈ Ahkcw Dd∏m°Ww.hn Ipdp∏v sIm®p ZpxJßfpdßq F∂ IhnXbn¬ Bhnjv°cn°p∂Xv ? ˛ N¿® sNøpI. . t{ImUoIcWw : temIØns‚ ZpxJw kzbw kzoIcn°p∂hcmWv IhnIƒ.F≥. {]h¿Ø\w : {]XnIcW°pdn∏p Xømdm°¬ tIcfobw kaqlw C∂\p`hn°p∂ {]iv\ßfmtWm Ihn H. kaqlØns‚ ZpxJhpw Zpc¥hpw AhcpsS IrXnIfn¬ {]Xn^en°p∂p. 1.]m\¬ N¿®bn¬ bqWn‰nse ]mT`mK߃ \¬Ip∂ Bibw N¿®sNøs∏Sp∂p F∂v A[ym]nI Dd∏p hcpØWw. kqNI߃ : ˛ ˛ ˛ ]m´n\p ImtXm¿°p∂ {imhW]pjv]߃ A{]Xy£ambns°m≠ncn°p∂ Imhy kwkv°mc hn‰pt]mb a¨IpSw ˛ F¥nepw hn]W\ e£yw ]p≈ph hoWp abßn ˛ AkaXz߃s°Xnscbp≈ DW¿Øp]m´v C∂n√.

Fs¥√mw {]iv\ßtfmSv Ch¿ {]Xn-Icn-°p-∂p.{]Xn-IcW߃°p kam\ kz`m-hap-t≠m. `mj ..1. `mjbv°pw {]Ir-Xn°pw kaq-lØn\pw D≠m-Ip∂ A]-NbØn-s\-Xnsc {]Xn-Icn-®hcm-Wv. N¿® sNøp. kzm`n-{]m-bw.-F≥.X-Ifn¬ CØcw {]iv\߃ ssIImcyw sNbvXn-´p-t≠m..-F≥.-hn. Ipdp-∏ns‚ sIm®p ZpJ-ßfp-dßq F∂ Ihn-Xsb ASn-ÿm-\-am°n {]Xn-I-cn-°p∂ kqN-I-߃.t{ImUo-IcWw `mjm-Ihn-Iƒ.{]h¿Ø\w Xmc-Xay-°p-dn∏p Xøm-dm-°¬ kmaqly {]iv\lvMtfmSv Ihn-Iƒ {]Xn-Icn-°p∂hcm-tWm-\n-߃ ]cn-Nbs∏-´n-´p≈ Ihn. kqN-I߃ ]m´n\p ImtXm¿°p∂ {imhW ]pjv]߃ A{]-Xy-£ambns°m≠n-cn-°p∂ Imhy kwkvImcw hn‰p-t]mb a¨Ip-Sw. kpKX Ipam-cn-bpsS Ihn-X-Iƒ IS-Ω-\n-´-°-hn-X-Iƒ. aq. H. IhnXm `mK-ß-fpsS Bibw Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.. . kqN-I-߃ ˛ kuµcy ]qP. sshb-‡nI ZpJ-ßtf-°mƒ kaq-lØns‚ ZpJ-߃ G‰p hmßp-∂hcmWv Ihn-Iƒ Cu . kaq-lØns‚ ZpJhpw Zpc¥hpw Ah-cpsS IrXn-Ifn¬ {]Xn-^en-°p-∂p. {]h¿Ø\w ˛ {]Xn-I-cW °pdn∏p Xøm-dm-°¬ tIc-fob kaqlw C∂-\p-`hn-°p∂ {]iv\ßfmtWm Ihn-H. `mj 2. Ah-X-cW coXn.fp-dßq F∂ Ihn-X-bn¬ Bhn-jvI-cn-°p-∂-Xv. t{ImUo-IcWw temI-Øns‚ ZpJw kzbw kzoI-cn-°p-∂-h-cmWv Ihn-Iƒ. . {imhW ]pjv]߃ ImtXm¿Øp \n¬°p-t∂m-co-hgn-Øm-cbn-eqsS H°Øp ]m´ns‚ tX≥IpS-ta¥n \o sbØn-bn√ ¥o ab-ßn. Xmc-Xayw sNbvXn-´p-≠v.A`n-{]m-btØmSv \n߃ tbmPn-°p-∂p-t≠m.-Ip-dp∏v sIm®p ZpJ-ß. IhnXm `mK߃ hni-I-e\w sNbvXv Xmc-X-ay-°p-dn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I.tNmZyw ˛ ]d-∂p-t]mbv ]©-h¿Æ-°n-fn-°q-´-߃ t]meth Ip∂n≥sN-cn-hn-tem-W-∏q-°pºn-tf-¥nb k‘y-Iƒ.-kq.. Bibw Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. Ah-X-cW coXn Xncn-®-dn-™n-´p-≠v. . ]p≈ph hoW ab-ßn˛ Ak-a-Xz-߃s°-Xnscbp≈ DW¿Øp ]m´v C∂n-√. \mSns‚ \jvS ku`m-Ky-ß-fn¬ Cu c≠p Ihn-Ifpw ]cn-X-]n-°p-∂p-t≠m.-hn.

. A[npsS aIsf cw ]oUn-∏n® ]nXmh vA Cu ]{X hm¿Ø-Iƒ tIcfw t\cn-Sp∂ GsX√mw {]iv\ßfn-te-°mWv hnc¬ Nq≠p-∂Xv. ]{X-hm¿Ø-Iƒ .I≥am¿ t]mcmSn hnPbw t\Sn. hna¿i\ °pdn∏p Xøm-dm-°¬ tIcfw kµ¿in® kzman hnth-Im-\-µ≥ tIcfw Hcp {`m¥m-e-b-am-sW∂v A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p. tNmZyw PmXo-bX. kwkvIm-c-iq-\y-X. kzm`n-{]mbw . kqN-I-߃ ˛ tIcfw t\cn-Sp∂ ]pXnb {]iv\-߃ PmXn. . kmaqly {]iv\-ßsf hni-I-e\w sNbvXn-´p-≠v.N¿®.-F-∂m¬ C∂p \ΩpsS kaqlw CØcw {]h-W-X-I-fn¬ \n∂v ]q¿Æ-ambn ap‡n t\Sn-bn-´p-t≠m.A—s\hnf-bm´w -S˛n®p sIm∂ aI≥ n¬ Ãn¬ Xe-bv° AdKp≠m \Kcw `oj-Wn-b . At±lw Aßs\ A`n-{]m-bs∏-Sm-\p≈ Imc-W߃ Fs¥m-s°-bm-hmw..kvIqƒ\nc-¥Ir-X¿ PmXn FgpXn Ip´n-d-bÃn¬.˛ N¿®..{]h¿Ø\w 3. . apX-em-fn-Øw. P≥an-Øw. . A‘-hn-izmkw.-hn-a¿i-\m-flIambn Ipdn∏p Xøm-dm-°p-I. IqSn ae-bm-fn°v ]pXpXmbn D≠m-bn. ... B[p-\nI kmaq-lym-hÿ Xncn-®dn-™n-´p-≠v. P≥an-Øw. t{ImUo-IcWw Hcp Ime-L-´-Øn¬ tIc-fob kaq-l-Øn\p im]-ambn PmXo-b-X. . `mj BsI kvtIm¿ ˛ 6 {]h¿Ø\w FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬ Xøm-dm-°p-I.-]Xn-°p-∂p. kqN-I߃ PmXo-b-amb Ak-aXzw A‘-hn-izm-k߃ A\m-Nm-c߃ P≥anØw {Iqc-amb in£m \S-]-Sn-Iƒ . XpS-ßnbh sImSn-IpØn hmWn-cp-∂p. . t{ImUo-IcWw ]≠v PmXn P≥anØw A‘-hn-izmkw XpS-ßnb A\m-Nm-c߃ am{X-am-bn-cp∂p {]iv\sa¶n¬ C∂v hnizm-k-an-√mbva a\p-jy-Xz-an-√m-bva.-kq.Igp-Øn¬ Xq°n-bn-´p. P≥\-anØw A‘-hn-izmkw XpS-ßn-bhs°-Xnsc \thm-∞m\ \mb. 4.. \Kc hXv°-cWw tIcfw ho≠pw kmwkvIm-cnIambn A[. C∂pw Cu {]h-WX ]q¿Æ-ambn \oßn-bn-´n-√.aq.

hnjb hnIm-kw. Bap-Jw. . Bi-b߃ Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. bp‡n ]q¿∆w DZm-l-cW klnXw \nco-£-W-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v.imkv{X ]ptcm-KXnbpw hnZym-`ymk cwKsØ hf¿®bpw tIc-fob kaq-lsØ am‰n adn®p F∂p ]d-bn-∂p-s≠-¶nepw h¿Ø-am\ Ime tIc-fob PohnXw Akz-ÿIƒ \nd-™Xm-Wv... . . D]-kw-lmcw BsI kvtIm¿ ˛ 6 .-kq. i‡-amb `mj LS\ io¿j-Iw. aq. tIc-fob Pohn-X-Øns‚ {]iv\߃ hni-I-e\w sNbvXv FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬ Xøm-dm-°p-I.

ASnÿm\ ]mTmhen .