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Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………….iv List of Tables………………………………………………………………………………vi List of Figures……………………………………………………………………………..vii
Chapter I: Introduction 1.1. 1.2. Organization Profile……………………………………………………….......01 Problem Definition………………………………………………………….....02
Chapter II: System Analysis 2.2. Existing System Architecture…………………………………………………... 2.2. Proposed System Architecture…………………………………………………
Chapter III: Development Environment 3.1. Hardware Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2. Software Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2.1. Software Description………………………………………………………
Chapter IV: System Design
4.1. Data Model 4.1.1. Entity Relationship Diagram……………………………………. 4.1.2. Data Dictionary………………………………………………….
4.2. Process Model 4.2.1. Context Analysis Diagram………………………………………. 4.2.2. Data Flow Diagram………………………………………………
Chapter v: Software Development 5.1. Phases of Software Development………………………………………… 5.1.1. Phase I: Planning………………………………………………... 5.1.2. Phase II: Analysis………………………………………………. 5.1.3. Phase III: Design……………………………………………… 5.1.4. Phase IV: Development……………………………………… 5.2. Modular Description…………………………………………………..
Chapter VI: Testing 6.1. System Testing……………………………………………………………. 6.2. Software Testing Strategy………………………………………………… 6.2.1. Unit Testing…………………………………………………..
6.2.2. Integrating Testing……………………………………………..
Chapter VII: System Implementation 7.1. Introduction…………………………………………………………… 7.2. Implementation…………………………………………………………
Chapter VIII: Performance and Limitations 8.1. Merits of the system………………………………………………….. 8.2. Limitations of the system……………………………………………… 8.3. Future Enhancements……………………………………………………
Chapter IX: Appendices 9.1. Sample Screen……………………………………………………….. 9.2. User Manual……………………………………………………………
Chapter X: References…………………………
Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. Data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data which can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques to various areas such as marketing, medical, financial, and car manufacturing. In this paper, a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. The application results analysis such as Predicting Future Car market Demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
Consequently. Different classification schemes can be used to categorize data mining methods and systems based on the kinds of databases to be studied. these characteristics help providing powerful tools for decision makers. BI is a general term to mean all processes. To ensure quality the data set is processed to remove noise. . The measure of any business intelligence solution is its ability to derive knowledge from data. The difficulty of discovering and deploying new knowledge in the BI context is due to the lack of intelligent and complete data mining system. Data mining techniques used in business-oriented applications are known as Business Intelligence (BI). the actual data mining process and postprocessing. and a subset of data is generated from the accumulated data. and relationships from volumes of information which is too large to be processed by human analysis alone. such tools can be used by business users (not only statisticians) for analyzing huge amount of data for patterns and trends. A data mining technique or a combination of techniques appropriate for the type of knowledge to be discovered is applied to the derived data set. the data mining problem and all sources of data are identified. A data mining task includes pre-processing. techniques. rules. handle missing information and transformed it to an appropriate format. the kinds of knowledge to be discovered. data mining has become a research area with increasing importance and it involved in determining useful patterns from collected data or determining a model that fits best on the collected data. trends. The last stage is postprocessing in which the discovered knowledge is evaluated and interpreted.1. The challenge is met with the ability to identify patterns. and the kinds of techniques to be utilized. INTRODUCTION Data mining application are characterized by the ability to deal with the explosion of business data and accelerated market changes. and tools that gather and analyze data for the purpose of supporting enterprise users to make better decisions. During the pre-processing stage.
Pike Research has prepared a white paper that makes 10 predictions about the continuing evolution of the market in 2012 and beyond. and Dow Kokam) have their facilities fully online and ready to produce. and the Ford Focus EV ($39.995) all north of $30. EnerDel. Pike Research does not expect this trend to stop in 2012. The 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act provided funding for scaling up production so that the United States can compete with Japan. According to data from Pike Research’s annual Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey.625). consumers hoping for an affordable EV ride have been left wanting. Johnson Controls. the Honda Fit BEV ($36. Korea. Unfortunately. The number of battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles sold and the variety of options for consumers will rapidly expand. With the 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV ($32. The fruits of the multi-billion dollar investments in recent years in lithium ion battery manufacturing facilities will provide abundance in capacity that could outpace demand. the optimal price for a plug-in electric vehicle to engage consumers is $23.000 less. the car comes without several features that were standard but consumers now must pay for as options. Here are three of those predictions: Battery production will get ahead of vehicle production. LG Chem. In order to analyze the impacts of these and other key issues facing the EV industry. EV prices will continue to disappoint many consumers.000).750. Now. Most of the award recipients (including Saft. but any oversupply will not impact vehicle pricing. Many potential EV buyers were disappointed that Nissan raised the price of the LEAF for 2012.000 (before federal incentives). While the Chevrolet Volt will sell for $1. plug-in electric vehicles will take major strides toward becoming a mature if small component of the overall vehicle fleet. the production and sales of the cars needs to catch up. Manufacturers of lithium ion batteries in the United States spent 2011 readying new and established factories for the expected surge in electric car and plug-in hybrid sales.In 2012. . and China in EV batteries.
In 2012.1 COMPANY PROFILE . Other long term applications could include downloading music or movies to the vehicle. an EV could coordinate with the clothes dryer or pool pump to make sure that the power consumption doesn’t surpass a certain threshold. Automakers want EVs to be good “citizens” in balancing their energy requirement with the rest of the building. The first vehicles demonstrating this capability will likely be out in 2012. the EV will be the device that consumes the most energy and power. which requires establishing communications with smart meters. with commercialization soon to follow. home energy management devices. 1.EVs will begin to function as home appliances. For example. manufacturers of the vehicles—as well as charging equipment—will introduce technology that will enable EVs to interact with other home appliances. In many households. and other types of appliances.
1. car maker is collaborating to develop software that will help its cars predict the best route that drivers can take to save energy and time if car maker experiment in making self learning cars takes off. The new prediction api. . Using the power of the cloud to analyze historical data of routes. In essence. a cloud-based analytics service that contains a suite of algorithms with the ability of analyzing historical business data and the capability to predict future trends or outcome. knowledge of routes and combines it with real-time traffic information to suggest the best possible energy-efficient route. and explained.1. This solution can provide inventory managers with important analysis such as launch analysis and slow turning analysis. as well as many other areas. a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT In this project. your car will never be the same again. traffic and driver usage. The use and benefits of these two analyses will be identified. A dcx1 case study will be presented in detail in order to demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in the field of car manufacturing. After a vehicle owner opts in to use the service. 1. the system learns key information about how the driver is using the vehicle and where he wants to go. Here’s how this system would work.3 NEED OF THE PROJECT Using historical data. The application results analysis such as predicting future car market demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand. an encrypted driver data usage profile is built based on routes and time of travel.2 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT The aim of this paper is to provide a proposed data mining solution that can be used for automotive market. The system analyzes driving habits. to create software that will give its cars the capability to predict the destination and the most energy-efficient route.
CHAPTER 2 SYSTEM ANALYSIS .
2 PROPOSED SYSTEM .2.1 EXISTING SYSTEM 2.
17. a proposed data mining application in software engineering domain is explained and experimented.4. and financial.3 LITERATURE REVIEW R. pp. This paper details the application of a genetic programming framework for induction of useful classification rules from a database of income statements. International Journal Of Software Engineering & Knowledge Engineering. Anomalies in the discovery process merit further investigation of the application of genetic programming to the dataset for the problem domain. S. Elkaffas and A. N. In this paper. 2006. Kerdpraso. 19. or predict unknown or future values. although few of them can be currently seen in software engineering domain. and cash flow statements for North American public companies. medical. These goals are achieved by using various learning algorithms. vol. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques in various areas such as marketing. 2007.15. balance sheets. Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. In this paper. Enformatika.2. A data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data that can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. pp. “Moving data mining tools toward a business intelligence system”. pp. and K. “Applications of genetic programming in data mining”. vol. 2005. The empirical results demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in software engineering domain and the potential benefits in applying data mining in this area. “A data mining application: analysis of problems occurring during a software project development process”. Kerdprasop. Potentially interesting classification rules are discovered. Qiu. 117-122. Each algorithm may produce a mining result completely different from the others. Our system is . It is thus the difficult job for data analysts to select appropriate models and interpret the discovered knowledge. no. Some algorithms may find millions of patterns. Data mining (DM) is the process of finding and extracting frequent patterns that can describe the data. Enformatika. we describe a framework of an intelligent and complete data mining system called SUT-Miner. 647-663. Nayak and T. 1-5. Toony.. vol.
The results indicate that 1). 1-32. this study was one of the first empirical studies to provide an accurate measure of the discernable. inductive methods are indeed applicable. “Interestingness measures for data mining: a survey”. identifies their roles in the data mining process. Liqiang and J. ACM Computing Surveys. and collecting a large amount of multi-criteria data at least six to eight months in advance of a semester. Specifically it uses association rules to evaluate a nonstandard (“aberrant”) timetabling pilot study undertaken in one College at a University. Howard. no. gives strategies for selecting appropriate measures for applications. vol.comprised of a full complement of major DM algorithms. 3. Communications Of AIs. compares their properties. no. pp. but negligible. 2005. 2). 2005. Allocating course sections to prescribed “time slots” for courses requires advanced quantitative techniques. and 3). Smith. “Applying data mining to scheduling courses at a university“. It demonstrates the feasibility of applying the principles of data mining. regardless of the kind of patterns being mined. It is the post-DM packages that ease the DM deployment for business intelligence applications. pre-DM and post-DM functionalities. vol. classifies them from several perspectives. Good measures also allow the time and space costs of the mining process to be reduced. 463-474. scheduling exclusionary effects that may impact course availability and diversity negatively. and identifies opportunities for future research in this area. 2006. W. repeatable SQL queries can be used as the chief analytical technique on a recurring basis. Scheduling courses (“timetabling”) at a University is a persistent challenge. G. This survey reviews the interestingness measures for rules and summaries. These measures are intended for selecting and ranking patterns according to their potential interest to the user. such as goal programming. both summary and detailed results can be understood by key decision-makers. straightforward. 38. . This study takes an alternate approach. In addition. pp. Interestingness measures play an important role in data mining. 16.
CHAPTER 3 SYSTEM SPECIFICATION .
2 Software configuration Operating system Front End Programming Language Back End : : : : Windows2000/XP Professional JSP/ SERVLETS J2EE MYSQL 5.3.1 .1 Hardware Requirements Processor/system Main memory Cache memory Processor speed Hard disk drive : : : : : Pentium IV 1 GB RAM 512 KB 600 MHz 40 GB 3.
Most other platforms are described as a combination of hardware and operating system. With an interpreter. whether it's a Java development tool or a Web browser that can run Java applets. hardware-based platforms. 3.3. . With a compiler. interpretation occurs each time the program is executed. simple and portable across platforms. The Java VM can also be implemented in hardware.1 ABOUT JAVA Java is an object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. Solaris.3. the same Java program can run on Windows NT. Modeled on C++. The byte codes can then be run on any implementation of the Java VM. Java is also unusual in that each Java program is both compiled and interpreted. you translate a Java program into an intermediate language called Java byte codes--the platform-independent codes interpreted by the Java interpreter. This figure illustrates how this works. You can compile your Java program into byte codes on any platform that has a Java compiler.3 SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION The software used for the development of the project is: 3. Every Java interpreter.2 Java Platform A platform is the hardware or software environment in which a program runs. For example. Compilation happens just once. Java byte codes help make "write once. and Macintosh. each Java byte code instruction is parsed and run on the computer. is an implementation of the Java VM. The Java platform differs from most other platforms in that it's a software-only platform that runs on top of other. run anywhere" possible.3. java was designed to be small.
and impose additional restrictions on applets.1.The Java platform has two components: The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) The Java Application Programming Interface (Java API) The Java API is a large collection of ready-made software components that provide many useful capabilities. Applets are commonly used to enhance the interactivity of a web page. mail servers. It requires a java enabled browser which requires an interpreter. by opening a new window or dialog box. Stand-alone applications have no such restrictions. 3. Instead of working in browsers.2. Stand-alone applications can run as a console application (writing text to the screen or terminal window). configuring the server. Applets run in their own frame. Examples of servers include Web servers. most web browsers limit file access.2 Applet It is a java program that executes inside a web page.3. 3.2. or they can have a graphical userinterface. servlets run within Java servers.3. and a full range of functionality is provided for in the way of pre-written Java classes. accept input from GUI components. and can display graphics. print servers. Due the potential security feasibilitys associated with running applets from external and potentially malicious sources. The Java API is grouped into libraries (packages) of related components. and boot servers. Servlets are similar to applets in that they are runtime extensions of applications. A special kind of application known as a server serves and supports clients on a network. and deliver client-side content. . proxy servers. and even open network connections. Application It is a program that we can execute from any operating system prompt. such as graphical user interface (GUI) widgets. Another specialized program is a servlet.
Public/private key management. debugger. date and time. . While there are commercial offerings available. well-tuned interpreters. and so on. The core API is the API included in every full implementation of the Java platform. The core API gives you the following features: The Essentials: Objects. It is simple. threads. TCP and UDP sockets. numbers. and just-in-time byte code compilers can bring Java's performance close to that of native code without threatening portability. access control. system properties.2. It contains a compiler. including electronic signatures. It is a well-structured. Security: Both low-level and high-level. Networking: URLs. a freely available SDK is available from Sun. interpreter. smart compilers.3 Features It is an object-oriented internet programming language. input and output.The important thing required for writing stand-alone Java applications is a java compiler/interpreter.3. and certificates. Your browser may not support display of this image. and IP addresses. Java Database Connectivity (JDBC): Provides uniform access to a wide range of relational databases. such as Visual J++ and Borland JBuilder. As a platform-independent environment. data structures. strings. 3. high performance and platform-independent It is a distributed and interpreted language. robust and secure. Object serialization: Allows lightweight persistence and communication via Remote Method Invocation (RMI). However. Java can be a bit slower than native code.
Also. encapsulation is used to hide unimportant implementation details from other objects 3. run anywhere Distribute software more easily 3. Typically.18.104.22.168 Advantages Get started quickly Write less code Write better code Develop programs faster Avoid platform dependencies with 100% Pure Java: Write once.3. dynamic and portable. .2. Software objects are modeled after real-world objects in that they. have state and behavior. A software object maintains its state in variables and implements its behavior with methods.6 Encapsulation Packaging an object's variables within the protective custody of its methods is called encapsulation. too. an object can be easily passed around the system.object can maintain private information and methods that can be changed at any time without affecting the other objects that depend on it. Information hiding.7 Benefits Modularity-The source code for an object can be written and maintained independently of the source code for other objects.2. 3.3. 3. It is multi-threaded.3.5 Object An object is a software bundle of variables and related methods.
they cannot be directly instantiated except when instantiated by a class that implements the said interface. is a language feature that allows a subclass to provide a specific implementation of a method that is already provided by one of its super classes. 3. All classes in Java (other than java.3.10 Method overriding Method Overriding. or be an abstract class. An interface may never contain method definitions. .9 Interface An interface in the Java programming language is an abstract type that is used to specify an interface (in the generic sense of the term) that classes must implement.2. Furthermore. a Java class may implement. you create an object of that type and the system allocates memory for the instance variables declared by the class. in which case. they must either be null. Object references in Java may be specified to be of an interface type. in object oriented programming. When you create an instance of a class. multiple inheritance of classes is not allowed. the root class of the Java type system) must have exactly one base class.3.2. As interfaces are implicitly abstract. The implementation in the subclass overrides (replaces) the implementation in the super class. 3. One benefit of using interfaces is that they simulate multiple inheritance. and may only contain method signatures and constant declarations (variable declarations that are declared to be both static and final).lang.Object. or be bound to an object that implements the interface.3. The class must implement all of the methods described in the interface. and an interface may extend any number of interfaces.8 Class A class is a prototype that defines the variables and methods common to all objects of a certain kind. however an interface may not implement an interface.2.3. Interfaces are declared using the interface keyword.
3. and the correct function call again. which would result in an ambiguous call error. abstract classes are designed — i.11 Method overloading It is a feature found in various programming languages such as Ada. doTask () and doTask (object O) are overloaded methods. Print(image_object P). To call the latter. the call is always: Print(something). C#. an object must be passed as a parameter. and is called with an empty parameter field. text or pictures. classes that exist only in order to have specialized subclasses derived from them. for example. Constraints on the similarity of return type vary from language to language. C++. the abstract super class defines a common interface which all the subclasses inherit. Method overriding is an important feature that facilitates polymorphism in the design of object-oriented programs. as some languages support covariance on return types. D and Java that allows the creation of several methods with the same name which differ from each other in terms of the type of the input and the type of the output of the function. This means that the subclass's method has the same name and parameter list as the super class’s overridden method. as the compiler wouldn't know which of the two methods to use. whereas the former does not require a parameter.A subclass can give its own definition of methods which also happen to have the same signature as the method in its super class. The two different methods may be overloaded as Print(text object T). Such abstract classes have methods that do not perform any useful operations and are meant to be overridden by specific implementations in the subclasses. Another example would be a Print (object O) method. In many cases. This may or may not involve an inability to subclass from a given class. A common error would be to assign a default value to the object in the second method. Thus. If we write the overloaded print methods for all objects our program will "print".2. For example.e. Some languages allow the programmer to prevent a method from being overridden. or disallow method overriding in certain core classes. we never have to worry about the type of the object. In this case one might like the method to be different when printing. .3.
It aims to provide a Java API based on the Open JDK to ease AWT implementation on new systems. graphics.12 AWT The Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) is Java's original platform-independent windowing. JSP lets you create the two parts separately. But most CGI variations. even though most of it is always the same.AWT is also the GUI toolkit for a number of Java ME profiles. It is resolved at compile time which of these methods are used 3. especially for the set of AWT GUI widgets. The project has successfully experimented the implementation of AWT widgets using Java2D Java Server Page: Java Server Pages (JSP) is a technology that lets you mix regular. and user-interface widget toolkit. its implementation on a new operating system may involve a lot of work.3. Here's an example: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4. including servlets. you are really just making a number of different methods that happen to have the same name.Method overloading is usually associated with statically-typed programming languages which enforce type checking in function calls. make you generate the entire page via your program. The AWT is now part of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC) — the standard API for providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for a Java program. Since the opening of Java. with the dynamic part limited to a few small locations. Many Web pages that are built by CGI programs are mostly static. As AWT is a bridge to the underlying native user interface. static HTML with dynamically-generated HTML.2.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>Welcome to Our Store</TITLE></HEAD> <BODY> <H1>Welcome to Our Store</H1> . When overloading a method. a project called Caciocavallo has been created. which require the development from scratch of native peers for each of the AWT widgets.
you already know Java. Servlets also have more alternatives than do regular CGI programs for optimizations such as caching previous computations. Convenient. Powerful. Microsoft IIS. Servlets are supported directly or via a plugin on almost every major Web server. the Java Virtual Machine stays up. For one thing. servlets written for. and many other such utilities. If the CGI program does a relatively fast operation. which is free. however. tracking sessions. Similarly. With traditional CGI. Inexpensive. With servlets. Hey. There are a number of free or very inexpensive Web servers available that are good for "personal" use or low-volume Web sites. However. then the code for the CGI program is loaded into memory N times. making useful things like database connection pools easy to implement. the overhead of starting the process can dominate the execution time. there are N threads but only a single copy of the servlet class. no matter the cost of that server. With servlets. Portable. servlets have an extensive infrastructure for automatically parsing and decoding HTML form data. handling cookies. Servlets are written in Java and follow a well-standardized API. not a heavyweight operating system process. Consequently. a new process is started for each HTTP request. keeping database connections open. once you have a Web server. or WebStar. say I-Planet Enterprise Server can run virtually unchanged on Apache. Servlets can also share data among each other. and the like. if there are N simultaneous request to the same CGI program. This simplifies operations that need to look up images and other data stored in standard places.Efficient. They can also maintain information from request to request. Why learn Perl too? Besides the convenience of being able to use a familiar language. and each request is handled by a lightweight Java thread. most commercial-quality Web servers are relatively expensive. servlets can talk directly to the Web server (regular CGI programs can't). Java servlets let you easily do several things that are difficult or impossible with regular CGI. reading and setting HTTP headers. in traditional CGI. simplifying things like session tracking and caching of previous computations. adding servlet support to it (if it doesn't come preconfigured to support servlets) is generally free or cheap. Nevertheless. . with the major exception of Apache.
 A Servlet is an object that receives a request and generates a response based on that request. The package javax. . A Web container (also known as a Servlet container) is essentially the component of a Web server that interacts with the servlets. The basic servlet package defines Java objects to represent servlet requests and responses. including session management objects that track multiple requests and responses between the Web server and a client. Thus. mapping a URL to a particular servlet and ensuring that the URL requester has the correct access rights. a Web container must be used. they are commonly used to extend the applications hosted by Web servers.NET. A Servlet is a Java class in Java EE that conforms to the Java Servlet API. Therefore. contained in the Java package hierarchy javax. it can be thought of as a Java Applet that runs on a server instead of abrowser. defines the expected interactions of the Web container and a servlet. Servlets may be packaged in aWAR file as a Web application.servlet. but are most often used with the HTTP protocol. Thus. Servlets are the Java counterpart to non-Java dynamic Web content technologies such as CGI and ASP. To deploy and run a Servlet. Servlets can maintain state in session variables across many server transactions by using HTTP cookies. The generated content is commonly HTML. as well as objects to reflect the servlet's configuration parameters and execution environment. The servlet API. the word "Servlet" is often used in the meaning of "HTTP Servlet".Servlet: A servlet is a Java programming language class used to extend the capabilities of servers that host applications access via a response programming. The Web container is responsible for managing the lifecycle of servlets. but may be other data such as XML. or URL rewriting. a protocol by which a Java class may respond to requests. They are not tied to a specific client-server protocol.servlet.http defines HTTP-specific subclasses of the generic servlet elements. a software developer may use a servlet to adddynamic content to a Web server using the Java platform. Although servlets can respond to any type of request.
A somewhat older usage is to use servlets in conjunction with JSPs in a pattern called "Model 2". which is a flavor of the model-viewcontroller pattern.Servlets can be generated automatically from JavaServer Pages (JSP) by the JavaServer Pages compiler. These services can include: New features Runtime changes to content Runtime changes to presentation New standard protocols (such as FTP) New custom protocols . A servlet is a Java component that can be plugged into a Java-enabled web server to provide custom services. The difference between Servlets and JSP is that Servlets typically embed HTML inside Java code. While the direct usage of Servlets to generate HTML (as shown in the example below) has become rare. while JSPs embed Java code in HTML. the higher level MVC web framework in Java EE (JSF) still explicitly uses the Servlet technology for the low level request/response handling via the FacesServlet.
The HTTP request is received by the web server. service(). The server maps this request to a particular servlet. They are implemented by every servlet and are invoked at specific times by the server. Assume that a user enters a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to a web browser. Each request is serviced in its own separate thread. the Web container calls the destroy () method that takes the servlet out of service.Life cycle of a servlet During initialization stage of the Servlet life cycle. like init (). is called only once in the lifecycle of a servlet. These are init(). the web container initializes the servlet instance by calling the init() method. After initialization. Let us consider a typical user scenario to understand when these methods are called. The browser then generates an HTTP request for this URL. . The destroy () method. The Web container calls the service () method of the servlet for every request. The service () method determines the kind of request being made and dispatches it to an appropriate method to handle the request. Finally. 1. Three methods are central to the life cycle of a servlet. The container passes an object implementing theServletConfig interface via the init() method. The servlet is dynamically retrieved and loaded into the address space of the server. This configuration object allows the servlet to access name-value initialization parameters from the web application. and destroy(). If a request for a method that is not implemented by the servlet is made. typically resulting in an error being returned to the requester. This request is then sent to the appropriate server. 2. the method of the parent class is called. The developer of the servlet must provide an implementation for these methods. the servlet can service client requests.
The memory allocated for the servlet and its objects can then be garbage collected. 6. You will see that it is possible for the servlet to read data that has been provided in the HTTP request. This method is invoked only when the servlet is first loaded into memory. The service () method is called for each HTTP request. important data may be saved to a persistent store. The server may. at some point. It may also formulate an HTTP response for the client. It is possible to pass initialization parameters to the servlet so it may configure itself. The server invokes the service () method of the servlet. decide to unload the servlet from its memory.3. The server invokes the init () method of the servlet. other HTTP requests received from clients. The server calls the destroy () method to relinquish any resources such as file 7. 4. . 8. The algorithms by which this determination is made are specific to each server. handles that are allocated for the servlet. This method is called to process the HTTP request. The servlet remains in the server’s address space and is available to process any 5.
the Swedish company MySQL AB. SCO OpenServer.4 MYSQL 5. Applications which use MySQL databases include: TYPO3. Perl/PHP/Python". QNX. Joomla. Symbian. FreeBSD. Apache. SCO UnixWare. Sanos and Tru64.3. Drupal and other software built on the LAMP software stack. MySQL was owned and sponsored by a single for-profit firm. large-scale World Wide Web products. For commercial use. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language. OpenSolaris. i5/OS. The MySQL development project has made its source code available under the terms of the GNU General Public License. Novell NetWare. and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack—LAMP is an acronym for "Linux. A port of MySQL to OpenVMS also exists. Microsoft Windows. NetBSD. and offer additional functionality. several paid editions are available. eComStation. Many programming languages with language-specific APIs include libraries for accessing MySQL databases. now owned by Oracle Corporation. Mac OS X. Linux. phpBB. including AIX. SunOS. Solaris. OpenBSD. MySQL. MySQL is also used in many high-profile.1 MySQL is the world's most used relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. BSDi. including Wikipedia. Uses MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications. OS/2 Warp. IRIX. MySQL is an open source database management system and is used in some of the most frequently visited websites on the Internet. Platforms And Interfaces MySQL works on many different system platforms. WordPress. as well as under a variety of proprietary agreements. These include MySQL Connector/Net for integration with .3. Free-software-open source projects that require a full-featured database management system often use MySQL. HPUX.
It is still most commonly used in small to medium scale single-server deployments. but this can be tedious so it is more commonly installed from a binary package unless special customizations are required.URL-based query method also ships with a MySQL adapter. such as a multi-processor server with gigabytes of memory. though further configuration is often required to adjust security and optimization settings. multi-server MySQL deployments are required to provide improved performance and reliability. The master server synchronizes continually with its slaves so in the event of failure a slave can be promoted to become the new master. it has gradually evolved to support higher-scale needs as well. On most Linux distributions the package management system can download and install MySQL with minimal effort. so on larger scales. such as ASP or ColdFusion. In addition. Deployment MySQL can be built and installed manually from source code. Further improvements in performance can be achieved by caching the results from database queries in memory using memcached. Much of MySQL's appeal originates in its relative simplicity and ease of use. Though MySQL began as a low-end alternative to more powerful proprietary databases. A typical high-end configuration can include a powerful master database which handles data write operations and is replicated to multiple slaves that handle all read operations. . or breaking down a database into smaller chunks called shards which can be spread across a number of distributed server clusters. minimizing downtime. an ODBC interface called MyODBC allows additional programming languages that support the ODBC interface to communicate with a MySQL database. allowing direct interaction between a MySQL database and any web client via structured URLs. either as a component in a LAMP-based web application or as a standalone database server.Microsoft's Visual Studio (languages such as C# and VB are most commonly used) and the JDBC driver for Java. which is enabled by an ecosystem of open source tools such as phpMyAdmin. There are however limits to how far performance can scale on a single server. MySQL can be scaled by deploying it on more powerful hardware. The HTSQL . In the medium range.
MySQL as a Service .Cloud-Based deployment Main article: Cloud database Another deployment option is running MySQL on cloud computing platforms such as Amazon EC2. of the major cloud providers. or use a ready-made machine image with an optimized installation of MySQL on it. which runs on EC2. A third option is managed MySQL hosting on the cloud.some cloud platforms offer MySQL "as a service". where the database is not offered as a service. As of 2011. application owners do not have to install and maintain the MySQL database on their own.cloud users can upload a machine image of their own with MySQL installed. and the Xeround Cloud Database. In this configuration. Features A broad subset of ANSI SQL 99. Rackspace and Heroku. only Rackspace offers managed hosting for MySQL databases. but the cloud provider hosts the database and manages it on the application owner's behalf. There are two common deployment models for MySQL on the cloud: Virtual Machine Image . such as the one provided by Amazon EC2. Two notable cloud-based MySQL services are the Amazon Relational Database Service. Instead. the database service provider takes responsibility for installing and maintaining the database. as well as extensions Cross-platform support Stored procedures Triggers Cursors . and application owners pay according to their usage.
and Cluster storage engines.e. two phase commit as part of this. InnoDB for transactions and referential integrity. no automatic support for multiple masters per slave. MySQL Archive for storing historical data in little space) Transactions with the InnoDB. nested SELECTs) Replication support (i. using Oracle's InnoDB engine Independent storage engines (MyISAM for read speed. Master-Master Replication & Master-Slave Replication) with one master per slave. savepoints with InnoDB SSL support Query caching Sub-SELECTs (i. Full-text indexing and searching using MyISAM engine Embedded database library Partial Unicode support (UTF-8 and UCS-2 encoded strings are limited to the BMP) ACID compliance when using transaction capable storage engines (InnoDB and Cluster) Partititoned tables with pruning of partitions in optimiser Shared-nothing clustering through MySQL Cluster .e. Updatable Views Information schema Strict mode[further explanation needed] X/Open XA distributed transaction processing (DTP) support. many slaves per master.
Hot backup (via mysqlhotcopy) under certain conditions . CHAPTER 4 SYSTEM DESIGN .
4. If already login means.2 Supply Chain Process Sales: Sale stage generates the reporting sale data mart that covers the studied period. Orders: Order stage generates the reporting order data mart. New user means create the new account for enter that process of car product. The inventory data is a snapshot of the inventory stock on the cutoff date. .1 Authentication: Authentication module contains user name and password.1.1 Modules Design 4.4. The order data is a snapshot of the dealer orders on the cutoff date. Production Plan: “Production Plan” data source is a list of models quantities that are planned to be produced for a specific period. they must enter the username and password for encountered the process of car marketing. Inventory: Inventory stage generates the reporting inventory data mart.1.
mapping it and finally aggregating it for the purpose of research and analysis. TOPs dimension used to map all car configurations under production.1. adjust body model/trim level mix with inventory data. improve model/trim level mix planning. Web Activities: “Web Activity” data source is used to track all user web hits/requests on DCX websites . These analyzes are related because they all require gathering data. and reduce days on lot. This dimension is used to map vehicles “Franchise/ Year/ Model/ Package/ Option” to their "Codes/Descriptions/Option Types/Default Options”. storing it. “CarConfig” is used to store “Build and Price” configurations made on DCX web-sites. Dealer dimension id used to map DCX dealers.1. scrubbing it. DCX also wants to make early indication on which vehicle configurations are likely to sell well during new vehicles launching.4 Customers’ trends information Websites: Managers are interested especially in integrated data spanning DCX’s relationship with its customers and prospects regardless of whether the systems are online or offline.4. Geographic dimension is used to map “ZipCode” to “Zone/Business Center/ State”. DCX wants to help the inventory managers to move vehicles faster. Having a data warehouse that combines online and offline behavioral data for decision-making purposes is a strategic tool which business users can leverage to improve sales demand forecasting. In order to do this it needs to identify which vehicles stay long in stock as well as which vehicles move faster. 4.3 Manufacturing information It Contains car configurations/packages/options codes and description.
4.2.1 Entity relationship diagram: .2 Data Model 4.
2.4.2 Data Dictionary: .
3 Process model: 22.214.171.124 Context Analysis Diagram: .
4.3.3 Architecture Diagram .
4.3 Data Flow Diagram Level 0: Level 1: Level 2: .3.
CHAPTER-V SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Software Development Life Cycle in systems engineering and software engineering. . Analyze project goals. PHASE II-ANALYSIS The goal of systems analysis is to determine where the problem is in an attempt to fix the system.2.1. break down functions that need to be created. which is diagrammatically represented as follows. the SDLC concept underpins many kinds of software development methodologies. code.1 PHASES OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT The normal phases of a development project are planning. design. which may be documents.1. Each phase has its own products. DCOII project plan depends on the V shaped modeling of verification phase starts at left of V shape. analysis. 5. PHASE I-PLANNING Planning is to generate a high-level view of the intended project and determine the goals of the project. In DCOII system V-model software development life cycle is followed. coding starts at the bottom and validation phase starts right of the Vmodel. is the process of creating or altering systems. 5. In software engineering. These methodologies form the framework for planning and controlling the creation of software development process. implementation. and enhancement. but they are always present. development. and the models and methodologies that people use to develop these systems. or test results. This step involves breaking down the system in different pieces and drawing diagram to analyze the situation. testing. Different methodologies may call these phases by different names. 5. and attempt to engage users so that definite requirements can be defined.1.
1. data structures etc.5. They figure out possibilities and techniques by which the user requirements can be implemented. Unit testing and module testing are done in this stage by the CDOII develops.1. DCOII system design is developed by the webmaster based on the user requirements documents.3. some samples screens are created. 5. Goals & targets. This document contains the general system organization. PHASE III-DESIGN Systems design is the phase where system engineers analyze and understand the business of the proposed system by studying the user requirements document.. menu structures. Software specification document which serves as a blueprint for the development phase is generated. of DCOII system is achieved by establishing schedules during project development. Development stage is inter mingled with the next in that individual modules will need testing before integration to the man project. PHASE IV-DEVELOPMENT Modular and subsystem programming code will be accomplished during this stage. Chapter vi TESTING 6.4.1 SOFTWARE TESTING : .
The implementation phase is less creative than system design. It is primarily concerned with user training. in which one has to be cautions.CHAPTER-VII SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 7. site preparation and file-sites. it can be lead to many critical problems. INTRODUCTION It is the process of bringing developed system into operational use. Implementation is one of the most important tasks in project. . if the implementation phase is not carefully planned and controlled. Thus proper implementation is essential to provide a reliable system to meet managerial requirements. because all the efforts undertaken during the project will be fruitful only if the tool is properly implemented according to the plans made. Implementation is the phase.1. the test of the network along with the system are also included under implementation.
The fourth maintenance activity occurs when software is changed to improve future maintainability or reliability.2. But it is not possible to find all errors here. This developed system supports for corrective maintenance. IMPLEMENTATION The system has been tested in the location of the developer. The second activities that contribute to a definition of maintenance occurs because of the rapid change that encountered in every aspect of computing. In such a case the user when reports the errors it is possible to correct those errors as that coding has been documents and it is possible to find out the location where the error is occurring and the reason for error can be analyzed and corrected. which is characterized by reverse engineering and re-engineering technique. Programming provides a real test for the assumption made by the analyst. to satisfy this request perceptive maintenance is used. Here the new system is implemented to an operational use. The third activity that may be applied to definition of maintenance occurs when software package is successful. or to provide a better basic for future enhancements. Maintenance is far more than fixing mistakes. As the software is used new recommendations for new capabilities. 7. modifications to existing function and general enhancements are received from the user.Depending on the nature of the system extensive user training maybe required programming is itself a design works. It may be that even after through testing the user will find errors. The maintenance can be defined using four activities that are undertaken after a program is released for use. Adaptive maintenance – as activity that modifies software to properly interface with a changing environment – is both necessary and common place. This is often called preventive maintenance. The initial parameters of the management information system should be modified as a result of programming efforts. Implementation is used here to mean the process of converting a new or revised system into an operation one. .
As this software can be run with the requirements given above and it does not involve any particular hardware as such and it can be run with the rapid development that is being encountered in the computer industry. which a team needs. If there is a need to include any new modules then it has been externally and then includes to it with the exits architecture. Later on it correspondence with this limitation may upgrade the system. But up to now the system holds all the possible reports generation tools.1 MERIT OF THE SYSTEM: . Chapter : viii PERFORMANCE AND LIMITATION 8.
Chapter: ix APPENDICES 9.1SAMPLE SCREENS: .
Chapter : x REFERENCES .
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