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Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………….iv List of Tables………………………………………………………………………………vi List of Figures……………………………………………………………………………..vii
Chapter I: Introduction 1.1. 1.2. Organization Profile……………………………………………………….......01 Problem Definition………………………………………………………….....02
Chapter II: System Analysis 2.2. Existing System Architecture…………………………………………………... 2.2. Proposed System Architecture…………………………………………………
Chapter III: Development Environment 3.1. Hardware Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2. Software Environment…………………………………………………………… 3.2.1. Software Description………………………………………………………
Chapter IV: System Design
4.1. Data Model 4.1.1. Entity Relationship Diagram……………………………………. 4.1.2. Data Dictionary………………………………………………….
4.2. Process Model 4.2.1. Context Analysis Diagram………………………………………. 4.2.2. Data Flow Diagram………………………………………………
Chapter v: Software Development 5.1. Phases of Software Development………………………………………… 5.1.1. Phase I: Planning………………………………………………... 5.1.2. Phase II: Analysis………………………………………………. 5.1.3. Phase III: Design……………………………………………… 5.1.4. Phase IV: Development……………………………………… 5.2. Modular Description…………………………………………………..
Chapter VI: Testing 6.1. System Testing……………………………………………………………. 6.2. Software Testing Strategy………………………………………………… 6.2.1. Unit Testing…………………………………………………..
6.2.2. Integrating Testing……………………………………………..
Chapter VII: System Implementation 7.1. Introduction…………………………………………………………… 7.2. Implementation…………………………………………………………
Chapter VIII: Performance and Limitations 8.1. Merits of the system………………………………………………….. 8.2. Limitations of the system……………………………………………… 8.3. Future Enhancements……………………………………………………
Chapter IX: Appendices 9.1. Sample Screen……………………………………………………….. 9.2. User Manual……………………………………………………………
Chapter X: References…………………………
Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. Data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data which can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques to various areas such as marketing, medical, financial, and car manufacturing. In this paper, a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. The application results analysis such as Predicting Future Car market Demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
A data mining task includes pre-processing. and relationships from volumes of information which is too large to be processed by human analysis alone. To ensure quality the data set is processed to remove noise. During the pre-processing stage. The difficulty of discovering and deploying new knowledge in the BI context is due to the lack of intelligent and complete data mining system. Different classification schemes can be used to categorize data mining methods and systems based on the kinds of databases to be studied. techniques. . the data mining problem and all sources of data are identified.1. The last stage is postprocessing in which the discovered knowledge is evaluated and interpreted. handle missing information and transformed it to an appropriate format. and the kinds of techniques to be utilized. A data mining technique or a combination of techniques appropriate for the type of knowledge to be discovered is applied to the derived data set. such tools can be used by business users (not only statisticians) for analyzing huge amount of data for patterns and trends. INTRODUCTION Data mining application are characterized by the ability to deal with the explosion of business data and accelerated market changes. and tools that gather and analyze data for the purpose of supporting enterprise users to make better decisions. these characteristics help providing powerful tools for decision makers. Data mining techniques used in business-oriented applications are known as Business Intelligence (BI). Consequently. trends. BI is a general term to mean all processes. data mining has become a research area with increasing importance and it involved in determining useful patterns from collected data or determining a model that fits best on the collected data. the actual data mining process and postprocessing. the kinds of knowledge to be discovered. The measure of any business intelligence solution is its ability to derive knowledge from data. rules. and a subset of data is generated from the accumulated data. The challenge is met with the ability to identify patterns.
Many potential EV buyers were disappointed that Nissan raised the price of the LEAF for 2012. the optimal price for a plug-in electric vehicle to engage consumers is $23. With the 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV ($32. Most of the award recipients (including Saft. consumers hoping for an affordable EV ride have been left wanting. Now.750. According to data from Pike Research’s annual Electric Vehicle Consumer Survey. Korea. and the Ford Focus EV ($39. the car comes without several features that were standard but consumers now must pay for as options. The 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act provided funding for scaling up production so that the United States can compete with Japan. LG Chem. EnerDel.000 (before federal incentives). the Honda Fit BEV ($36. plug-in electric vehicles will take major strides toward becoming a mature if small component of the overall vehicle fleet. and Dow Kokam) have their facilities fully online and ready to produce. The number of battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles sold and the variety of options for consumers will rapidly expand.000 less.625). Here are three of those predictions: Battery production will get ahead of vehicle production. While the Chevrolet Volt will sell for $1. Manufacturers of lithium ion batteries in the United States spent 2011 readying new and established factories for the expected surge in electric car and plug-in hybrid sales. but any oversupply will not impact vehicle pricing. Unfortunately.995) all north of $30. the production and sales of the cars needs to catch up. Pike Research has prepared a white paper that makes 10 predictions about the continuing evolution of the market in 2012 and beyond. . EV prices will continue to disappoint many consumers. Johnson Controls. The fruits of the multi-billion dollar investments in recent years in lithium ion battery manufacturing facilities will provide abundance in capacity that could outpace demand. and China in EV batteries.000).In 2012. In order to analyze the impacts of these and other key issues facing the EV industry. Pike Research does not expect this trend to stop in 2012.
an EV could coordinate with the clothes dryer or pool pump to make sure that the power consumption doesn’t surpass a certain threshold. home energy management devices. Automakers want EVs to be good “citizens” in balancing their energy requirement with the rest of the building.1 COMPANY PROFILE . which requires establishing communications with smart meters. The first vehicles demonstrating this capability will likely be out in 2012. 1. In 2012. the EV will be the device that consumes the most energy and power. with commercialization soon to follow. In many households.EVs will begin to function as home appliances. For example. and other types of appliances. manufacturers of the vehicles—as well as charging equipment—will introduce technology that will enable EVs to interact with other home appliances. Other long term applications could include downloading music or movies to the vehicle.
and explained. car maker is collaborating to develop software that will help its cars predict the best route that drivers can take to save energy and time if car maker experiment in making self learning cars takes off. The system analyzes driving habits. as well as many other areas. to create software that will give its cars the capability to predict the destination and the most energy-efficient route.3 NEED OF THE PROJECT Using historical data. The new prediction api. Here’s how this system would work. . After a vehicle owner opts in to use the service.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT In this project. the system learns key information about how the driver is using the vehicle and where he wants to go.1. traffic and driver usage. The application results analysis such as predicting future car market demand such analysis help in providing car market with base for more accurate prediction of future market demand. This solution can provide inventory managers with important analysis such as launch analysis and slow turning analysis. a cloud-based analytics service that contains a suite of algorithms with the ability of analyzing historical business data and the capability to predict future trends or outcome. knowledge of routes and combines it with real-time traffic information to suggest the best possible energy-efficient route. A dcx1 case study will be presented in detail in order to demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in the field of car manufacturing.2 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT The aim of this paper is to provide a proposed data mining solution that can be used for automotive market. 1. The use and benefits of these two analyses will be identified. an encrypted driver data usage profile is built based on routes and time of travel. a proposed data mining application in car manufacturing domain is explained and experimented. your car will never be the same again. 1. In essence. Using the power of the cloud to analyze historical data of routes.
CHAPTER 2 SYSTEM ANALYSIS .
2.2 PROPOSED SYSTEM .1 EXISTING SYSTEM 2.
International Journal Of Software Engineering & Knowledge Engineering. Elkaffas and A. vol. S. vol. 2006.2. 19. Anomalies in the discovery process merit further investigation of the application of genetic programming to the dataset for the problem domain. or predict unknown or future values. Enformatika. we describe a framework of an intelligent and complete data mining system called SUT-Miner. 17. no.4. medical. N. although few of them can be currently seen in software engineering domain. Enformatika. A data mining process discovers interesting information from the hidden data that can either be used for future prediction and/or intelligently summarizing the details of the data. Each algorithm may produce a mining result completely different from the others.15.3 LITERATURE REVIEW R. pp. Potentially interesting classification rules are discovered. “A data mining application: analysis of problems occurring during a software project development process”. Kerdpraso. pp. “Moving data mining tools toward a business intelligence system”. There are many achievements of applying data mining techniques in various areas such as marketing. It is thus the difficult job for data analysts to select appropriate models and interpret the discovered knowledge. In this paper. Toony. Data mining techniques provide people with new power to research and manipulate the existing large volume of data. 1-5. pp. This paper details the application of a genetic programming framework for induction of useful classification rules from a database of income statements. balance sheets. Data mining (DM) is the process of finding and extracting frequent patterns that can describe the data. and K. 647-663. vol. 117-122. Qiu. Kerdprasop. Some algorithms may find millions of patterns.. and cash flow statements for North American public companies. Our system is . a proposed data mining application in software engineering domain is explained and experimented. The empirical results demonstrate the capability of data mining techniques in software engineering domain and the potential benefits in applying data mining in this area. Nayak and T. “Applications of genetic programming in data mining”. and financial. 2005. 2007. In this paper. These goals are achieved by using various learning algorithms.
comprised of a full complement of major DM algorithms. These measures are intended for selecting and ranking patterns according to their potential interest to the user. 2005. This study takes an alternate approach. Interestingness measures play an important role in data mining. and identifies opportunities for future research in this area. Howard. 3. repeatable SQL queries can be used as the chief analytical technique on a recurring basis. ACM Computing Surveys. It is the post-DM packages that ease the DM deployment for business intelligence applications. Smith. 463-474. Scheduling courses (“timetabling”) at a University is a persistent challenge. pre-DM and post-DM functionalities. . such as goal programming. straightforward. In addition. identifies their roles in the data mining process. The results indicate that 1). W. regardless of the kind of patterns being mined. 2). no. but negligible. Good measures also allow the time and space costs of the mining process to be reduced. gives strategies for selecting appropriate measures for applications. Liqiang and J. 38. Specifically it uses association rules to evaluate a nonstandard (“aberrant”) timetabling pilot study undertaken in one College at a University. It demonstrates the feasibility of applying the principles of data mining. 2006. 2005. 1-32. scheduling exclusionary effects that may impact course availability and diversity negatively. Allocating course sections to prescribed “time slots” for courses requires advanced quantitative techniques. 16. “Interestingness measures for data mining: a survey”. pp. Communications Of AIs. compares their properties. This survey reviews the interestingness measures for rules and summaries. classifies them from several perspectives. vol. and 3). no. both summary and detailed results can be understood by key decision-makers. inductive methods are indeed applicable. and collecting a large amount of multi-criteria data at least six to eight months in advance of a semester. G. “Applying data mining to scheduling courses at a university“. this study was one of the first empirical studies to provide an accurate measure of the discernable. vol. pp.
CHAPTER 3 SYSTEM SPECIFICATION .
1 Hardware Requirements Processor/system Main memory Cache memory Processor speed Hard disk drive : : : : : Pentium IV 1 GB RAM 512 KB 600 MHz 40 GB 3.3.1 .2 Software configuration Operating system Front End Programming Language Back End : : : : Windows2000/XP Professional JSP/ SERVLETS J2EE MYSQL 5.
The Java VM can also be implemented in hardware. Java byte codes help make "write once. interpretation occurs each time the program is executed. 3. is an implementation of the Java VM. Modeled on C++. java was designed to be small. Java is also unusual in that each Java program is both compiled and interpreted. For example.3. and Macintosh. . This figure illustrates how this works. run anywhere" possible. hardware-based platforms.2 Java Platform A platform is the hardware or software environment in which a program runs.3 SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION The software used for the development of the project is: 3. you translate a Java program into an intermediate language called Java byte codes--the platform-independent codes interpreted by the Java interpreter. Solaris.3.3. The byte codes can then be run on any implementation of the Java VM. You can compile your Java program into byte codes on any platform that has a Java compiler. each Java byte code instruction is parsed and run on the computer. Compilation happens just once. Every Java interpreter. the same Java program can run on Windows NT. Most other platforms are described as a combination of hardware and operating system.1 ABOUT JAVA Java is an object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. simple and portable across platforms. With an interpreter. The Java platform differs from most other platforms in that it's a software-only platform that runs on top of other. With a compiler. whether it's a Java development tool or a Web browser that can run Java applets.
and deliver client-side content. Stand-alone applications have no such restrictions. Instead of working in browsers. It requires a java enabled browser which requires an interpreter. 3.The Java platform has two components: The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) The Java Application Programming Interface (Java API) The Java API is a large collection of ready-made software components that provide many useful capabilities. Stand-alone applications can run as a console application (writing text to the screen or terminal window). and impose additional restrictions on applets. The Java API is grouped into libraries (packages) of related components. print servers.2.2.1. Applets run in their own frame. Applets are commonly used to enhance the interactivity of a web page.2 Applet It is a java program that executes inside a web page. by opening a new window or dialog box. such as graphical user interface (GUI) widgets. and a full range of functionality is provided for in the way of pre-written Java classes. and boot servers. most web browsers limit file access. servlets run within Java servers. proxy servers. Servlets are similar to applets in that they are runtime extensions of applications. A special kind of application known as a server serves and supports clients on a network. Application It is a program that we can execute from any operating system prompt. configuring the server. or they can have a graphical userinterface. and even open network connections. 3.3. and can display graphics.3. Due the potential security feasibilitys associated with running applets from external and potentially malicious sources. accept input from GUI components. . mail servers. Examples of servers include Web servers. Another specialized program is a servlet.
The core API gives you the following features: The Essentials: Objects. As a platform-independent environment. smart compilers. It is simple. well-tuned interpreters. Object serialization: Allows lightweight persistence and communication via Remote Method Invocation (RMI). However. access control. strings. data structures.The important thing required for writing stand-alone Java applications is a java compiler/interpreter. such as Visual J++ and Borland JBuilder. Public/private key management.3 Features It is an object-oriented internet programming language. and certificates. interpreter. The core API is the API included in every full implementation of the Java platform. Your browser may not support display of this image.2. It is a well-structured. system properties. TCP and UDP sockets. 3. numbers. input and output. a freely available SDK is available from Sun. and so on. date and time. Security: Both low-level and high-level. and just-in-time byte code compilers can bring Java's performance close to that of native code without threatening portability. and IP addresses. Java can be a bit slower than native code. While there are commercial offerings available. Java Database Connectivity (JDBC): Provides uniform access to a wide range of relational databases. . high performance and platform-independent It is a distributed and interpreted language. robust and secure. debugger. Networking: URLs. threads. including electronic signatures. It contains a compiler.3.
Information hiding. It is multi-threaded.3. dynamic and portable.3.2. Software objects are modeled after real-world objects in that they. an object can be easily passed around the system. 3.7 Benefits Modularity-The source code for an object can be written and maintained independently of the source code for other objects. Typically. .6 Encapsulation Packaging an object's variables within the protective custody of its methods is called encapsulation.5 Object An object is a software bundle of variables and related methods.2.3.4 Advantages Get started quickly Write less code Write better code Develop programs faster Avoid platform dependencies with 100% Pure Java: Write once. too. 3. encapsulation is used to hide unimportant implementation details from other objects 3.3. Also.2. run anywhere Distribute software more easily 3.2. A software object maintains its state in variables and implements its behavior with methods. have state and behavior.object can maintain private information and methods that can be changed at any time without affecting the other objects that depend on it.
and an interface may extend any number of interfaces.lang. The class must implement all of the methods described in the interface. One benefit of using interfaces is that they simulate multiple inheritance. you create an object of that type and the system allocates memory for the instance variables declared by the class. . Interfaces are declared using the interface keyword. in which case. or be an abstract class.10 Method overriding Method Overriding. 3. in object oriented programming. they must either be null. a Java class may implement. An interface may never contain method definitions. As interfaces are implicitly abstract. When you create an instance of a class.3. or be bound to an object that implements the interface.9 Interface An interface in the Java programming language is an abstract type that is used to specify an interface (in the generic sense of the term) that classes must implement. multiple inheritance of classes is not allowed.2. 3. Object references in Java may be specified to be of an interface type.3. All classes in Java (other than java. however an interface may not implement an interface. and may only contain method signatures and constant declarations (variable declarations that are declared to be both static and final). is a language feature that allows a subclass to provide a specific implementation of a method that is already provided by one of its super classes.3.2. the root class of the Java type system) must have exactly one base class.Object.3. Furthermore. The implementation in the subclass overrides (replaces) the implementation in the super class.2. they cannot be directly instantiated except when instantiated by a class that implements the said interface.8 Class A class is a prototype that defines the variables and methods common to all objects of a certain kind.
For example. Some languages allow the programmer to prevent a method from being overridden. abstract classes are designed — i. as some languages support covariance on return types. the call is always: Print(something).11 Method overloading It is a feature found in various programming languages such as Ada. we never have to worry about the type of the object.3. whereas the former does not require a parameter. In many cases. Method overriding is an important feature that facilitates polymorphism in the design of object-oriented programs. The two different methods may be overloaded as Print(text object T).A subclass can give its own definition of methods which also happen to have the same signature as the method in its super class. the abstract super class defines a common interface which all the subclasses inherit. and the correct function call again. as the compiler wouldn't know which of the two methods to use. C#. This means that the subclass's method has the same name and parameter list as the super class’s overridden method. If we write the overloaded print methods for all objects our program will "print". an object must be passed as a parameter. In this case one might like the method to be different when printing. . which would result in an ambiguous call error. doTask () and doTask (object O) are overloaded methods. Another example would be a Print (object O) method. A common error would be to assign a default value to the object in the second method. or disallow method overriding in certain core classes. Print(image_object P).e. for example. C++. and is called with an empty parameter field. Thus. Such abstract classes have methods that do not perform any useful operations and are meant to be overridden by specific implementations in the subclasses. This may or may not involve an inability to subclass from a given class. D and Java that allows the creation of several methods with the same name which differ from each other in terms of the type of the input and the type of the output of the function. Constraints on the similarity of return type vary from language to language. 3. classes that exist only in order to have specialized subclasses derived from them.2. text or pictures. To call the latter.
even though most of it is always the same.AWT is also the GUI toolkit for a number of Java ME profiles. including servlets. JSP lets you create the two parts separately. Here's an example: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4. with the dynamic part limited to a few small locations.12 AWT The Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) is Java's original platform-independent windowing.3.Method overloading is usually associated with statically-typed programming languages which enforce type checking in function calls. But most CGI variations. When overloading a method.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>Welcome to Our Store</TITLE></HEAD> <BODY> <H1>Welcome to Our Store</H1> . which require the development from scratch of native peers for each of the AWT widgets. static HTML with dynamically-generated HTML. graphics. The project has successfully experimented the implementation of AWT widgets using Java2D Java Server Page: Java Server Pages (JSP) is a technology that lets you mix regular. especially for the set of AWT GUI widgets.2. As AWT is a bridge to the underlying native user interface. you are really just making a number of different methods that happen to have the same name. Since the opening of Java. It is resolved at compile time which of these methods are used 3. Many Web pages that are built by CGI programs are mostly static. make you generate the entire page via your program. and user-interface widget toolkit. a project called Caciocavallo has been created. its implementation on a new operating system may involve a lot of work. The AWT is now part of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC) — the standard API for providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for a Java program. It aims to provide a Java API based on the Open JDK to ease AWT implementation on new systems.
servlets written for. Consequently. servlets have an extensive infrastructure for automatically parsing and decoding HTML form data. the overhead of starting the process can dominate the execution time. servlets can talk directly to the Web server (regular CGI programs can't). no matter the cost of that server. with the major exception of Apache. simplifying things like session tracking and caching of previous computations. . if there are N simultaneous request to the same CGI program. Servlets are written in Java and follow a well-standardized API. If the CGI program does a relatively fast operation. Hey. Servlets are supported directly or via a plugin on almost every major Web server. With servlets. Inexpensive. you already know Java. There are a number of free or very inexpensive Web servers available that are good for "personal" use or low-volume Web sites. however. and each request is handled by a lightweight Java thread. not a heavyweight operating system process. Nevertheless. most commercial-quality Web servers are relatively expensive. making useful things like database connection pools easy to implement. Powerful. Why learn Perl too? Besides the convenience of being able to use a familiar language. Servlets also have more alternatives than do regular CGI programs for optimizations such as caching previous computations. With traditional CGI. Microsoft IIS. adding servlet support to it (if it doesn't come preconfigured to support servlets) is generally free or cheap. and many other such utilities. tracking sessions. in traditional CGI. once you have a Web server. a new process is started for each HTTP request. For one thing. handling cookies. which is free. or WebStar. and the like. Servlets can also share data among each other. say I-Planet Enterprise Server can run virtually unchanged on Apache. Portable.Efficient. Java servlets let you easily do several things that are difficult or impossible with regular CGI. there are N threads but only a single copy of the servlet class. Similarly. the Java Virtual Machine stays up. With servlets. Convenient. However. keeping database connections open. then the code for the CGI program is loaded into memory N times. This simplifies operations that need to look up images and other data stored in standard places. reading and setting HTTP headers. They can also maintain information from request to request.
.servlet. as well as objects to reflect the servlet's configuration parameters and execution environment. a software developer may use a servlet to adddynamic content to a Web server using the Java platform. A Servlet is an object that receives a request and generates a response based on that request.servlet. defines the expected interactions of the Web container and a servlet. Although servlets can respond to any type of request.Servlet: A servlet is a Java programming language class used to extend the capabilities of servers that host applications access via a response programming.NET. Servlets can maintain state in session variables across many server transactions by using HTTP cookies. it can be thought of as a Java Applet that runs on a server instead of abrowser. Servlets are the Java counterpart to non-Java dynamic Web content technologies such as CGI and ASP. but are most often used with the HTTP protocol. A Servlet is a Java class in Java EE that conforms to the Java Servlet API. including session management objects that track multiple requests and responses between the Web server and a client. The Web container is responsible for managing the lifecycle of servlets. the word "Servlet" is often used in the meaning of "HTTP Servlet". or URL rewriting. They are not tied to a specific client-server protocol. To deploy and run a Servlet. The package javax. a Web container must be used. Therefore. a protocol by which a Java class may respond to requests.http defines HTTP-specific subclasses of the generic servlet elements. The basic servlet package defines Java objects to represent servlet requests and responses. Thus. but may be other data such as XML. mapping a URL to a particular servlet and ensuring that the URL requester has the correct access rights. The servlet API. A Web container (also known as a Servlet container) is essentially the component of a Web server that interacts with the servlets. contained in the Java package hierarchy javax. Servlets may be packaged in aWAR file as a Web application. Thus. The generated content is commonly HTML. they are commonly used to extend the applications hosted by Web servers.
While the direct usage of Servlets to generate HTML (as shown in the example below) has become rare.Servlets can be generated automatically from JavaServer Pages (JSP) by the JavaServer Pages compiler. while JSPs embed Java code in HTML. The difference between Servlets and JSP is that Servlets typically embed HTML inside Java code. the higher level MVC web framework in Java EE (JSF) still explicitly uses the Servlet technology for the low level request/response handling via the FacesServlet. which is a flavor of the model-viewcontroller pattern. These services can include: New features Runtime changes to content Runtime changes to presentation New standard protocols (such as FTP) New custom protocols . A servlet is a Java component that can be plugged into a Java-enabled web server to provide custom services. A somewhat older usage is to use servlets in conjunction with JSPs in a pattern called "Model 2".
is called only once in the lifecycle of a servlet. 2. The service () method determines the kind of request being made and dispatches it to an appropriate method to handle the request. service(). the Web container calls the destroy () method that takes the servlet out of service. The Web container calls the service () method of the servlet for every request. the servlet can service client requests. These are init(). The server maps this request to a particular servlet. The servlet is dynamically retrieved and loaded into the address space of the server. the method of the parent class is called. This configuration object allows the servlet to access name-value initialization parameters from the web application. and destroy(). The developer of the servlet must provide an implementation for these methods. . like init (). Each request is serviced in its own separate thread. The browser then generates an HTTP request for this URL. typically resulting in an error being returned to the requester. Assume that a user enters a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to a web browser. the web container initializes the servlet instance by calling the init() method. The HTTP request is received by the web server. The container passes an object implementing theServletConfig interface via the init() method. Three methods are central to the life cycle of a servlet. 1.Life cycle of a servlet During initialization stage of the Servlet life cycle. Finally. If a request for a method that is not implemented by the servlet is made. After initialization. This request is then sent to the appropriate server. The destroy () method. Let us consider a typical user scenario to understand when these methods are called. They are implemented by every servlet and are invoked at specific times by the server.
The server may. This method is invoked only when the servlet is first loaded into memory. decide to unload the servlet from its memory. . at some point. important data may be saved to a persistent store. handles that are allocated for the servlet. You will see that it is possible for the servlet to read data that has been provided in the HTTP request. The server calls the destroy () method to relinquish any resources such as file 7. The memory allocated for the servlet and its objects can then be garbage collected. 4. The servlet remains in the server’s address space and is available to process any 5. The service () method is called for each HTTP request. The server invokes the init () method of the servlet. The server invokes the service () method of the servlet. This method is called to process the HTTP request. 6.3. It is possible to pass initialization parameters to the servlet so it may configure itself. The algorithms by which this determination is made are specific to each server. It may also formulate an HTTP response for the client. other HTTP requests received from clients. 8.
large-scale World Wide Web products. Microsoft Windows. and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack—LAMP is an acronym for "Linux. the Swedish company MySQL AB. BSDi.1 MySQL is the world's most used relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. Symbian.3. OpenSolaris. QNX. WordPress. Applications which use MySQL databases include: TYPO3.4 MYSQL 5. i5/OS. Joomla. including Wikipedia. Linux. IRIX. OS/2 Warp. now owned by Oracle Corporation. FreeBSD. Perl/PHP/Python". Solaris. eComStation. SCO OpenServer. Uses MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications. These include MySQL Connector/Net for integration with . HPUX. MySQL is also used in many high-profile. The MySQL development project has made its source code available under the terms of the GNU General Public License. Free-software-open source projects that require a full-featured database management system often use MySQL. Mac OS X. For commercial use. Novell NetWare. Many programming languages with language-specific APIs include libraries for accessing MySQL databases. including AIX. A port of MySQL to OpenVMS also exists. MySQL was owned and sponsored by a single for-profit firm.3. SunOS. OpenBSD. NetBSD. SCO UnixWare. Apache. MySQL. Sanos and Tru64. phpBB. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language. MySQL is an open source database management system and is used in some of the most frequently visited websites on the Internet. several paid editions are available. and offer additional functionality. as well as under a variety of proprietary agreements. Drupal and other software built on the LAMP software stack. Platforms And Interfaces MySQL works on many different system platforms.
it has gradually evolved to support higher-scale needs as well. Though MySQL began as a low-end alternative to more powerful proprietary databases. allowing direct interaction between a MySQL database and any web client via structured URLs. either as a component in a LAMP-based web application or as a standalone database server. The master server synchronizes continually with its slaves so in the event of failure a slave can be promoted to become the new master. or breaking down a database into smaller chunks called shards which can be spread across a number of distributed server clusters. MySQL can be scaled by deploying it on more powerful hardware. A typical high-end configuration can include a powerful master database which handles data write operations and is replicated to multiple slaves that handle all read operations. In addition. . an ODBC interface called MyODBC allows additional programming languages that support the ODBC interface to communicate with a MySQL database. The HTSQL . such as a multi-processor server with gigabytes of memory. Much of MySQL's appeal originates in its relative simplicity and ease of use. such as ASP or ColdFusion. so on larger scales. Deployment MySQL can be built and installed manually from source code.Microsoft's Visual Studio (languages such as C# and VB are most commonly used) and the JDBC driver for Java. In the medium range. There are however limits to how far performance can scale on a single server. Further improvements in performance can be achieved by caching the results from database queries in memory using memcached. but this can be tedious so it is more commonly installed from a binary package unless special customizations are required. On most Linux distributions the package management system can download and install MySQL with minimal effort. It is still most commonly used in small to medium scale single-server deployments. minimizing downtime. though further configuration is often required to adjust security and optimization settings.URL-based query method also ships with a MySQL adapter. which is enabled by an ecosystem of open source tools such as phpMyAdmin. multi-server MySQL deployments are required to provide improved performance and reliability.
Rackspace and Heroku. As of 2011. but the cloud provider hosts the database and manages it on the application owner's behalf. Features A broad subset of ANSI SQL 99. application owners do not have to install and maintain the MySQL database on their own.cloud users can upload a machine image of their own with MySQL installed. which runs on EC2. In this configuration. There are two common deployment models for MySQL on the cloud: Virtual Machine Image .Cloud-Based deployment Main article: Cloud database Another deployment option is running MySQL on cloud computing platforms such as Amazon EC2. such as the one provided by Amazon EC2. or use a ready-made machine image with an optimized installation of MySQL on it. where the database is not offered as a service.some cloud platforms offer MySQL "as a service". MySQL as a Service . only Rackspace offers managed hosting for MySQL databases. and application owners pay according to their usage. of the major cloud providers. Two notable cloud-based MySQL services are the Amazon Relational Database Service. as well as extensions Cross-platform support Stored procedures Triggers Cursors . A third option is managed MySQL hosting on the cloud. and the Xeround Cloud Database. the database service provider takes responsibility for installing and maintaining the database. Instead.
Full-text indexing and searching using MyISAM engine Embedded database library Partial Unicode support (UTF-8 and UCS-2 encoded strings are limited to the BMP) ACID compliance when using transaction capable storage engines (InnoDB and Cluster) Partititoned tables with pruning of partitions in optimiser Shared-nothing clustering through MySQL Cluster . Master-Master Replication & Master-Slave Replication) with one master per slave. nested SELECTs) Replication support (i. Updatable Views Information schema Strict mode[further explanation needed] X/Open XA distributed transaction processing (DTP) support.e. and Cluster storage engines. no automatic support for multiple masters per slave. InnoDB for transactions and referential integrity. two phase commit as part of this. savepoints with InnoDB SSL support Query caching Sub-SELECTs (i. MySQL Archive for storing historical data in little space) Transactions with the InnoDB. many slaves per master.e. using Oracle's InnoDB engine Independent storage engines (MyISAM for read speed.
CHAPTER 4 SYSTEM DESIGN . Hot backup (via mysqlhotcopy) under certain conditions .
Production Plan: “Production Plan” data source is a list of models quantities that are planned to be produced for a specific period.1 Authentication: Authentication module contains user name and password.4. If already login means. Inventory: Inventory stage generates the reporting inventory data mart. The order data is a snapshot of the dealer orders on the cutoff date.1. 4.2 Supply Chain Process Sales: Sale stage generates the reporting sale data mart that covers the studied period. The inventory data is a snapshot of the inventory stock on the cutoff date. they must enter the username and password for encountered the process of car marketing.1.1 Modules Design 4. Orders: Order stage generates the reporting order data mart. New user means create the new account for enter that process of car product. .
4.1. scrubbing it. Geographic dimension is used to map “ZipCode” to “Zone/Business Center/ State”. These analyzes are related because they all require gathering data. In order to do this it needs to identify which vehicles stay long in stock as well as which vehicles move faster. and reduce days on lot. improve model/trim level mix planning.1. DCX also wants to make early indication on which vehicle configurations are likely to sell well during new vehicles launching. storing it.4 Customers’ trends information Websites: Managers are interested especially in integrated data spanning DCX’s relationship with its customers and prospects regardless of whether the systems are online or offline.4. Dealer dimension id used to map DCX dealers. DCX wants to help the inventory managers to move vehicles faster. mapping it and finally aggregating it for the purpose of research and analysis. adjust body model/trim level mix with inventory data. “CarConfig” is used to store “Build and Price” configurations made on DCX web-sites. Having a data warehouse that combines online and offline behavioral data for decision-making purposes is a strategic tool which business users can leverage to improve sales demand forecasting.3 Manufacturing information It Contains car configurations/packages/options codes and description. TOPs dimension used to map all car configurations under production. Web Activities: “Web Activity” data source is used to track all user web hits/requests on DCX websites . This dimension is used to map vehicles “Franchise/ Year/ Model/ Package/ Option” to their "Codes/Descriptions/Option Types/Default Options”.
2.1 Entity relationship diagram: .2 Data Model 4.4.
2.4.2 Data Dictionary: .
4.1 Context Analysis Diagram: .3 Process model: 4.3.
3.3 Architecture Diagram .4.
3.3 Data Flow Diagram Level 0: Level 1: Level 2: .4.
code. Analyze project goals.1.2.CHAPTER-V SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Software Development Life Cycle in systems engineering and software engineering. Different methodologies may call these phases by different names. PHASE I-PLANNING Planning is to generate a high-level view of the intended project and determine the goals of the project. testing. which is diagrammatically represented as follows. This step involves breaking down the system in different pieces and drawing diagram to analyze the situation. implementation. 5. 5. the SDLC concept underpins many kinds of software development methodologies. coding starts at the bottom and validation phase starts right of the Vmodel. analysis. These methodologies form the framework for planning and controlling the creation of software development process. DCOII project plan depends on the V shaped modeling of verification phase starts at left of V shape. In DCOII system V-model software development life cycle is followed. 5. break down functions that need to be created. and enhancement. and attempt to engage users so that definite requirements can be defined. PHASE II-ANALYSIS The goal of systems analysis is to determine where the problem is in an attempt to fix the system.1. In software engineering. but they are always present. which may be documents. Each phase has its own products. development. .1 PHASES OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT The normal phases of a development project are planning. or test results. is the process of creating or altering systems.1. and the models and methodologies that people use to develop these systems. design.
some samples screens are created.1. DCOII system design is developed by the webmaster based on the user requirements documents.3..1. of DCOII system is achieved by establishing schedules during project development. This document contains the general system organization. Goals & targets. PHASE IV-DEVELOPMENT Modular and subsystem programming code will be accomplished during this stage. 5.5. Unit testing and module testing are done in this stage by the CDOII develops. Development stage is inter mingled with the next in that individual modules will need testing before integration to the man project. Chapter vi TESTING 6.4.1 SOFTWARE TESTING : . They figure out possibilities and techniques by which the user requirements can be implemented. Software specification document which serves as a blueprint for the development phase is generated. PHASE III-DESIGN Systems design is the phase where system engineers analyze and understand the business of the proposed system by studying the user requirements document. data structures etc. menu structures.
CHAPTER-VII SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 7. it can be lead to many critical problems. The implementation phase is less creative than system design. It is primarily concerned with user training. the test of the network along with the system are also included under implementation. if the implementation phase is not carefully planned and controlled. INTRODUCTION It is the process of bringing developed system into operational use.1. in which one has to be cautions. Implementation is the phase. Thus proper implementation is essential to provide a reliable system to meet managerial requirements. . site preparation and file-sites. because all the efforts undertaken during the project will be fruitful only if the tool is properly implemented according to the plans made. Implementation is one of the most important tasks in project.
to satisfy this request perceptive maintenance is used. Programming provides a real test for the assumption made by the analyst. The initial parameters of the management information system should be modified as a result of programming efforts. The third activity that may be applied to definition of maintenance occurs when software package is successful. or to provide a better basic for future enhancements. Maintenance is far more than fixing mistakes. Here the new system is implemented to an operational use. But it is not possible to find all errors here. Adaptive maintenance – as activity that modifies software to properly interface with a changing environment – is both necessary and common place. It may be that even after through testing the user will find errors. which is characterized by reverse engineering and re-engineering technique. This is often called preventive maintenance. The fourth maintenance activity occurs when software is changed to improve future maintainability or reliability.2. In such a case the user when reports the errors it is possible to correct those errors as that coding has been documents and it is possible to find out the location where the error is occurring and the reason for error can be analyzed and corrected. This developed system supports for corrective maintenance.Depending on the nature of the system extensive user training maybe required programming is itself a design works. The maintenance can be defined using four activities that are undertaken after a program is released for use. . Implementation is used here to mean the process of converting a new or revised system into an operation one. As the software is used new recommendations for new capabilities. modifications to existing function and general enhancements are received from the user. 7. IMPLEMENTATION The system has been tested in the location of the developer. The second activities that contribute to a definition of maintenance occurs because of the rapid change that encountered in every aspect of computing.
Later on it correspondence with this limitation may upgrade the system. But up to now the system holds all the possible reports generation tools. If there is a need to include any new modules then it has been externally and then includes to it with the exits architecture. Chapter : viii PERFORMANCE AND LIMITATION 8.As this software can be run with the requirements given above and it does not involve any particular hardware as such and it can be run with the rapid development that is being encountered in the computer industry. which a team needs.1 MERIT OF THE SYSTEM: .
Chapter: ix APPENDICES 9.1SAMPLE SCREENS: .
Chapter : x REFERENCES .
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