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A Short Story by D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930) A Study Guide
. Study Guide Prepared by Michael J. Cummings...© 2008. Revised in 2010..©
Type of Work
The Rocking-Horse Winner is a short story that incorporates elements of the fable, the fantasy, and the fairy tale. Like a fable, it presents a moral (although it does so subtly, without preachment). Like a fantasy, it presents chimerical events (the boy’s ability to foretell the winners of horse races, the whispering house). Like a fairy tale, it sets the scene with simple words like those in a Mother Goose story: There was a woman who was beautiful, who started with all the advantages, yet she had no luck. She married for love, and the love turned to dust. She had bonny children, yet she felt they had been thrust upon her, and she could not love them. . . . There were a boy and two little girls. They lived in a pleasant house, with a garden, and they had discreet servants, and felt themselves superior to anyone in the neighbourhood. .......
The Rocking-Horse Winner first appeared in Harper's Bazaar magazine in July 1926. Hutchinson & Company then published it in London later in the same year in a collection entitled Ghost Stories. In January 1933, Martin Secker published the story in London in another collection, The Lovely Lady. Viking Press in New York published The Lovely Lady later in the same year.
The action takes place in England in the years just after the First World War. The places include a home in an unidentified locale in or near London; London's Richmond Park; a car traveling to a home in Hampshire County, southwest of London; and Lincoln Racecourse in Lincoln, Lincolnshire. The narrator mentions major races in England well known to readers of the story when it first appeared in 1926. These races included the Grand National Handicap Steeplechase at the Aintree Racecourse in Liverpool; the Royal Ascot at Windsor, west of London; the Epsom Derby at Epsom Downs in Surrey, southeast of London; the St. Leger Stakes at Doncaster in South Yorkshire; and the Lincoln, at Lincoln Racecourse in Lincoln, Lincolnshire.
Paul: Boy who knows that his mother does not love him or his sisters even though she outwardly shows affection and treats her children kindly. After Paul receives a rocking horse one Christmas, he rides it often and develops a strange intuitive power that enables him to correctly predict the winners of horses races. At racetracks, he wins thousands of pounds that he sets aside to defray his mother’s debts.
Hester: Paul’s mother. She becomes dissatisfied with her marriage after her husband fails to make enough money to support the elegant lifestyle that has put the family deep in debt. Paul’s Father: Man who works in town and has promising prospects that never seem to materialize because, as his wife says, he is unlucky. Bassett: The family gardener. He initiates Paul into the world of horse racing, and they becoming betting partners. Oscar Creswell: Paul’s uncle and his mother’s sister. He provides Paul the money that the boy uses to make his first successful bet. Miss Wilmot: The family nurse. Paul’s Siblings: Two younger sisters, one named Joan and the other unidentified by name.
. They know she does not love them... and she did not succeed. why the family always borrows the car of her brother. even the rocking horse.. he rides his rocking horse in the nursery in a wild charge to nowhere while his sisters play with their dolls.. when Creswell takes Paul for a ride through the countryside to his home in Hampshire.... Basset. after the name of a horse that won the race at Ascot. Paul asks his mother. nor anyone else. Paul's nurse...One day. and his sister Joan says. His mother had sudden strange seizures of uneasiness about him. and she could not love them. Hester works for her to make extra money. Sometimes.The children and their parents reside in a nice house with u0093discreetu0094 servants. she resents them in her heart. whipping the horse on the neck with a lash Uncle Oscar bought for him. She had bonny children. he goes off by himself wondering how to generate luck. the boy is riding hard as usual. .. u0093Well. If you're lucky.. . She explains that they lack the money to buy one.. Plot Summary By Michael J.. Oscar Creswell... but the love eventually runs dry. H. And hurriedly she felt she must cover up some fault in herself.. u0093I wish heu0092d leave off!u0094 .. But Paul does not respond until he completes his ride.. he asks the boy for advice on which horse to bet .. She wanted to rush to him at once.. In the following days. Paul says he has different names.© 2008 . Hester... . That is why it is better to be born lucky than rich. but financial success eludes them... When asserts that he himself is lucky.u0094 His mother asks where. She does not fool the children. When her husband tries to make more money... Point of View . but that is all they areu0097promising.. They looked at her coldly. yet she felt they had been thrust upon her. ...The parents try various schemes to increase their income. his name was Sansovino. In the previous week. you have money.Chief Artist: Woman who sketches drawings for newspaper advertisements placed by drapers. and she was again dissatisfied.. the teddy bear..A beautiful woman blessed with advantages marries a handsome man for love..D. he has no luck... the narrator says. she would feel a sudden anxiety about him that was almost anguish. however. for half an hour. who served as Creswell's batman (military officer's assistant) in the war (the First World War.. Peeved at her lack of faith in him but wanting to prove himself to her.When Uncle Oscar visits him one day with his mother... enabling him to reveal the thoughts of the characters. the father has promising business prospects. the big doll in its pram.. Miss Wilmot. .. They see it in her eyes... however. Lawrence wrote the story in omniscient third-person point of view.. instead of getting one of its own.. he says. keeps Paul up to date on racing news.. Outwardly.And so the house comes to be haunted by the unspoken phrase: There must be more money! .. Paul's mother only made several hundreds. and he says. Bassett. I got there.. Feeling as if her three children a boy and two girls had been thrust upon her. and people say she is wonderful mother.. but the mother and father never seem to have enough money to support their elegant lifestyle even though they both have incomes.. Later. he commands the horse u0093to take me where there is luck.. She so wanted to be first in something... and know he was safe. and the puppy hear the phrase.At Christmas. At his office in town. Cummings. The underlined words in the following sentences are examples of passages that present the thoughts of characters...u0094 then remounts it and rides on.... she tells Paul.. .His mother tells the boy that he is getting too big to be riding a rocking horse. cautions him that his rough riding will break the toy.u0093Riding a winner?u0094 the uncle says. His sister explains that the familyu0092s gardener. u0093Where I wanted to go..u0094 When Uncle Oscar asks what he named the horse. she behaves as if she loves them dearly. When he dismounts. his mother does not seem to believe him. even in making sketches for drapery advertisements. as if they were finding fault with her... known in author Lawrence's time as the Great War). loves horse racing and places bets for Paul.. Getting off.
.u0094 . Basset five thousand..... saying he can get more when he bets on the Grand National. Paulu0092s answeru0097three hundred poundsu0097stuns and amuses him.u0094 she tells Paulu0092s mother..Daffodil wins and Mirza finishes third....... Paulu0092s mother attends an evening party.u0094 the narrator says.... . . Paul says... because her wages are meageru0097far less than her artist friend makesu0097Hester remains unhappy.." the narrator says... .u0094 Paul decides...His mother tries to persuade him to take time off and go to the seaside to calm his nerves. However.. and Uncle Oscar two thousand... .Paul gives his uncle five thousand pounds to deposit with the family lawyer. or the Derby. the Lincolnshire. . he takes Paul to the Lincoln races.Although he studies Latin and Greek with his tutor. Then he started winning with ten shillings from Uncle Oscar and concluded that his uncle had passed luck onto him.on in the Lincoln race..... who has no luck because his father has no luck. as if something bad is happening to him.. . . she asks the lawyer to give her the rest of the money to defray her mounting debts.. Uncle Oscar informs Paul of his motheru0092s request.. and enrolls him in Eton (prestigious secondary school in Berkshire) for autumn.. leaving it up to him whether she should get the full amount..u0093He becomes wild-eyed and strange... which is now in his bedroom....u0093The child had never been to a race-meeting before. she receives her first thousand of Paul's winnings.. That afternoon...... .. the house will stops whispering that the family is short of money.. satisfied that the boy is in no danger.. he spends most of his time discussing horses with Bassett.. . Suddenly.. u0093I only know the winner. But they always win when Paul regards a particular horse as a sure thing. and he loses a hundred pounds at the Grand National and another hundred at Lincolnshire..... he receives no flashes of inspiration....... ...... .. At all costs... . let her have it.Paulu0092s mother..u0093You neednu0092t worry. so she calls home and asks Miss Wilmot whether Paul is all right.. u0093Iu0092ve got to know for the Derby!u0094 ..... u0093Shall I run up and look at him?" .. .. But the boy again asks him to keep everything a secret.Two days before the Derby....Paul says. Paulu0092s mother outfits the house with luxurious furnishings and flowers. where Oscar bets on Mirza and gives Paul money to place a bet... she becomes terribly uneasy about the boy..... Paul is sure about a horse named Lively Spark when odds are ten to one against it....... though.. But the house voices do not stop. the boy tells him he is reserving it for his mother.Bassett keeps all of Paulu0092s winnings for him under lock and key except for twenty pounds held in reserve in the deposit of the Turf Commission.. "and his eyes were blue fire.... An artist friend for whom she works sells the sketches to drapers for their newspaper ads. Paul wins ten thousand pounds.u0094 Bassett says.u0093What about Mirza?u0094 . tells the nurse not to bother. but makes him promise not to preoccupy himself with the races.In another race. he lost five shillings Basset had given him.. .... hires a tutor for Paul.The reason the boy does not want to go away is his rocking horse... .... Instead.On her birthday in November. Paul says.u0093Oh.."He went to bed as right as a trivet..Desperate.. Paul says. they become incessant: u0093There must be more money .... After Creswell agrees to remain mum on the subject. Besides.."It's as if he had it from heaven.. Paul recommends Daffodil..Sometime later.. as before... She assents to his wishes. but Paul says he prefers to remain at home until after the Derby.One afternoon. ...... ..When he began gambling. Unfortunately. However. ... The lawyer in turn is to give Paulu0092s mother a thousand pounds each year on her birthday but is not to reveal the source of the money except to say that a relative had reserved it for her...Uncle Oscar then asks Paul whether he is telling the truth about the amounts of money that he bets. more than ever!u0094 They scare Paul. he asks the boy how much he plans to bet on Daffodil.. he wants his uncle to keep his betting a secret. Paul affirms that he is and says his uncle can become partners with him and Bassett if he is so inclined. Bassett tells Creswell that he and Paul lose only when they are in doubt about a horse.... In the following months. . .u0094 . After his mother gets the money. ..... Creswell takes Paul and Basset to Richmond Park (a recreation area in London).. meanwhile. had begun to earn extra money sketching figures of women in the latest fashions. There.....His mother..u0094 he says..... When Creswell asks Paul about his plans for his winnings.
she hears a noiseu0097u0093soundless.. not for himself.. they seem to regard them as objects for display......." Themes Neglect . Faulty Sense of Values . .. Hester. and get there...... Having luck and money will make him lovable to his mother.... Outside his room.Afflicted with u0093some brain-fever. Bassett. she sees Paul riding the rocking horse in a frenzy.Paul shouts.u0094 he says. in order to prove that he has the luck that his father lacks.. poor devil. you have... didn't I know I knew? Malabar came in all right.... stylish living.. he apparently believes.. powerful voice.. like the furnishings in the home... Oscar does not return.. u0093Itu0092s Malabar!u0094 .. Paulu0097stagnate. and Oscar bets a thousand pounds on Malabar at odds of fourteen to one. you never did.she says... u0093Malabar came in first all right..u0094 .u0094 the narrator says. His mother runs to him. you're eightyodd thousand to the good..u0093What are you doing?u0094 .. Paul remains in a stupor.. u0093I call that lucky.. u0093he talked and tossed... but Oscar informs them that it is the name of a horse entered in the Derby.... Opportunism . absolutely! Mother... ." Obsession .Lust for material objects.He then falls from the horse and lies unconscious." said his mother. and money so obsesses Paul's mother that she neglects Paul and his sisters. . But he wants to win money for his mother. her relationship with her husband and the care and nurture of her childrenu0097in particular. I know! It's Malabar!" .. You've made over seventy thousand pounds. Whenever money becomes available... did I ever tell you? I am lucky!" . .During the next three days. ..... but his mother allows Bassett to enter the room in hopes that he might say something to revive Paul. When he discovers that the five thousand pounds he sets aside for her is not enough to achieve his goals...u0094 the narrator says......On the evening of the third day. and his mother sat stonily by his side.... he becomes obsessed with winning more... yet rushing and powerfulu0094u0097coming from inside..u0093Master Paul..Oscar and Bassett later confer.. I did as you told me.. Hester's spending and indebtedness create anxiety that haunts the house and personifies itself by repeatedly whispering the phrase: "There must be more money..."No. you've got over eighty thousand.. I never told you.. Hester neglects to provide Paul the love he needs to develop into a normal.. mother. ..During the night.....In u0093a strange. and silence the house voices. she and her husband will return home soon.. and a poor devil of a son to the bad. Though she and her husband rear their children in a "pleasant house" with servants and a nurse. . Neither his father nor mother knows what Malabar means. Hester hears the voice of her brother: u0093My God. His mania ultimately kills him.. . mother? Over eighty thousand pounds! I knew... Bassett places a bet for Paul.. Paulu0092s father makes himself a drink and his mother goes upstairs to check on the boy.When they arrive at about 1 ou0092clock. But.. that if I can ride my horse.. don't you..As he lies before her..... then I'm absolutely sureu0097oh.Hester makes stylish living the chief goal of her marriage.Paul says... she spends beyond her means. Paul then "inherits" her obsession.. a clean win. ..In her preoccupation with material things. Paul cries out.. Consequently. . "Malabar! It's Malabar! Bassett.. Paul dies.. poor devil... mentally stable child. When she enters the room and turns on the light. he's best gone out of a life where he rides his rocking-horse to find a winner....." .
... that she paid no attention to his assertion.. . And each one saw in the eyes of the other two that they too had heard." Climax .3.Wildly the horse careered... flushed and with eyes blazing..5. ... "They would look into each other's eyes. Deceit . the narrator frequently focuses on the boy's eyes to communicate a mood or a meaning...Paul rides his rocking horse like a knight on a quest. he encourages him and asks for tips on winning horses. .Oscar Creswell acknowledges that Paul's wagering makes him nervous.The boy gazed at his uncle from those big...8..... as in these passages: .. Oscar runs off "in spite of himself" and places a bet on the horse at fourteen to one odds. When Paul lies deathly ill muttering the name of his pick for the Derby...."Well.. or rather. . that consumes all of her attention. They read it in each other's eyes.." After Paul tells his mother early in the story that he is lucky.. blue eyes. and his eyes were blue fire.. the narrator says.. thus became his misfortune. the narrator says. outwardly she pretends to love them. and his sturdy long legs straddling apart. that had an uncanny cold fire in them..... indebtedness..... the narrator says in the first paragraph that "only she herself...6. as if something were going to explode in him.The child. Need help with Shakespeare? Click here for Study Guides on the Complete Works Nonverbal Communication .. his blue eyes still flaring....... eighty thousand pounds (the equivalent of millions of dollars today). .. .. knew it was not so.Much of the communication in the story comes through the eyes. that will enable him to win money wagering on horses. Once free.. rather close-set eyes.. . Tragic Irony ...He became wild-eyed and strange. to see if they had all heard. Quest .. the waving dark hair of the boy tossed. hot... The fortune he had amassed.In the first paragraph of the story. on the question of whether the mother loves her children. ...The boy watched him with big blue eyes." Regarding the house voices. For example." In describing Paul.. set rather close together. she will be able to turn her attention to Paul and give him the greatest prize of all: love... luck. and her children themselves. She adores her children. "The boy saw she did not believe him.. I got there!" he announced fiercely.1.. . and he said never a word. and people say..But Paul only gave a blue glare from his big. was curiously serene......The climax occurs when Paul falls off his rocking horse after suffering a seizure that leads to his death.The child had never been to a race-meeting before. "She is a good mother. .The boy watched her [his mother] with unsure eyes.. He seeks a great prize.9.7. His winnings will free his mother from a great monster.2.. his eyes had a strange glare in them.. Nevertheless....4. But rather than take steps to stop Paul.Paul picks the winning horse in the Epsom Derby but loses his life... the narrator says Hester does not love her children.
.The narrator also tells the reader that "[t]he gardener. many writers have suggested that Paul's frantic rides on his rocking horse are manifestations of an Oedipus Complex.. staring with glittering.. Oedipus later strikes out from Corinth. he drives a spike through the child's feet. 13. dying child... After Jocasta gives birth to a boy.. of course. about three months before his scheduled entrance to Eton. inasmuch as it can suggest the state of his mind at the end of the story... Paul's Age . such a gift is appropriate only for a child between ages four and eight. one may speculate that he suffers from stunted maturity and perhaps a psychological disorder that alters his perception of reality.. Its red mouth was slightly open. the narrator says. King of Corinth.. But the child lifted his uncanny blue eyes......One day. Periboea (also Merope). which leads away from Corinth.His eyes blazed at her for one strange and senseless second.. Students who attend Eton range in age from thirteen to eighteen. .D.. for the autumn term (known as the Michaelmas Half. one of the most prestigious public schools in England.. Thus.. when Oedipus visits the oracle at Delphi.. . A peasant finds the baby and gives him to a childless coupleu0097Polybus (also Polybius)... staring fixedly into its lowered face. .. and his eyes were like blue stones.. 12." . In other instances.. In coining his term.. as he ceased urging his wooden horse..Since the publication of "The Rocking-Horse Winner" in 1926. he climbed down and stood in front of his rocking-horse. smallish eyes at the tossing. They name the boy Oedipus (meaning swelled foot) and raise him to manhood.Of the rocking horse.. H. Here is the story.. then takes him to Mount Cithaeron and orders a shepherd to kill him.Knowing Paul's age is important.On the road to Thebes.. What he does not know. 11. .." . in brief: . . He does not want to live anywhere near his beloved parents. tiptoed into the room. Horrified. Paul is thirteen at the time of his death unless his birthday occurs between the first Saturday in June and the September date of his scheduled Eton entry. the founder of psychoanalysis. First.. and stole to the bedside... the oracle tells Oedipus that a time will come when he slays his father and marries his mother.. Oedipus encounters his real father Laius.. Jocasta. Lawrence's attention to the eyes helps to convey the inmost feelings of characters in some instances. its big eye was wide and glassy-bright.. the narrator says Paul receives a rocking horse for Christmas. touched his imaginary cap to Paul's mother. taking pity on the baby. ..... furrowed brows.10. Freudian Interpretation ... which always takes place on the first Saturday in June... spares him after tying him to a tree. lest a trick of fate cause him to be the instrument of their demise. Generally. If he is thirteenu0097or about to turn thirteenu0097when he suffers a seizure and falls off his rocking horse.... it enhances the mysterious and sometimes unsettling atmosphere of the story by leaving open to question what a gaze or a stare means. Paul died sometime in June. Freud drew upon the story of Oedipus in Greek mythology.. frowns.. his big blue eyes blazing with a sort of madness.. is that Polybus and Periboea are not his real parents... Later..Shortly after the story begins. and his wife... Laius acts to defeat the prophecy.. Polybus and Periboea. "When he [Paul] had ridden to the end of his mad little journey... will bear a son who will one day kill him. the narrator says Paul's mother enrolled him in Eton. and shrugs can sometimes communicate more meaning than words. In addition.An oracle warns King Laius of Thebes that his wife.. The narrator indicates the month of Paul's death when he reveals that the boy won the Epsom Derby. In an 1899 book entitled Die Traumdeutung (Interpretation of Dreams) Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud (18561939)."I've got to know for the Derby!" the child reiterated.. But the shepherd. a shortish fellow with a little brown moustache and sharp little brown eyes.He neither slept nor regained consciousness..... introduced this term to describe a psychological stage of development in which Freud maintained that a male child unconsciously desires sexual relations with his mother or a female child unconsciously desires sexual relations with her father. it correctly calls attention to the fact that a good deal of communication between human beings is nonverbal and that glaring eyes. which runs from September to the middle of December).
and even the horse.. When Paul's mother calls home from the party to ask Miss Wilmot whether Paul is all right..SimileThe voices in the house suddenly went mad. yet rushing and powerful. Add several paragraphs to Lawrence's story indicating that Paul's mother becomes a better person after her son's death. champing head. Anaphora Behind the shining modern rocking-horse. Figures of Speech Following are examples of figures of speech in the story. and his eyes were blue fire. Comparison of the Paul's eyes to stones Study Questions and Essay Topics 1. and Oedipus kills Laius and four of his attendants. is she ... although no one in Thebes becomes aware of this fact until much later..... as an old man in the evening of life... 2. No one can enter or leave the city.. could hear it quite plainly..whom he does not recognize.Surprised and outraged. he walks on three legs. Laius.Do either of the following: . Jocasta is.. . the mother of Oedipus. a voice would start whispering: "There must be more money! There must be more money!" AlliterationAnd yet the voices in the house ... . Oedipus accepts it and marries its widowed queen. and three in evening? Consequently. as an adult in the midday of life.. the city lives in great terror. two at midday. The quarrel leads to violence. Is Bassett genuinely concerned about Paul's welfare. Comparison of the eyes to fire It came whispering from the springs of the still-swaying rocking-horse. simply trilled and screamed in a sort of ecstasy: "There must be more money! His eyes blazed at her for one strange and senselesssecond.. like a chorus of frogs on a spring evening. Jubilant Thebans then offer this newcomer the throne of Thebes.b. a human being crawls on all fours. and seemed to be smirking all the more self-consciously because of it. does not recognize Oedipus either. Oedipus.When Oedipus approaches the Sphinx.. and his eyes were like blue stones. the oracle's prophecy to Laius and Oedipus is fulfilled. and several attendants. a winged lion with the head of a woman. Jocasta. Here is the explanation: As an infant in the morning of life. quick of mind.. heard it. as he ceased urging his wooden horse. Comparison of the rocking horse and doll to living beings OxymoronIt was a soundless noise. MetaphorThe child had never been to a race-meeting before.. .. Thus. Comparison of the voices to frogs He neither slept nor regained consciousness. he walks upright on two legs.. of course. behind the smart doll's house. . the Sphinx kills herself. The second sentence of the story says Paul's mother "married for love. of course. Oedipus encounters the Sphinx. . or does he simply regard Paul as a "money machine?" 4. .. including a cane. sitting so pink and smirking in her new pram. the beast poses the riddle. Oedipus and Laius quarrel over a trivialityu0096who has the right of way. Add several paragraphs to Lawrence's story indicating that Paul's mother remains unchanged after her son's death. spits back the right answer: man.a. The big doll.. The grotesque creature has killed many Thebans because they could not answer her riddle: What travels on four feet in the morning." Do you believe she was truly in love or merely infatuated? 3.Outside Thebes.. bending his wooden.
which led to his death. The mother and father both had very expensive tastes and their children basically resented them for it. “There must be more money!” Everyone heard it. She believes that if you have money. Write a psychological profile of Paul's mother. The rocking horse winner written by D. he was unlucky. She also told Paul that it is better to be born lucky rather than rich because if you a rich you could lose all of your money. they heard the phrase when all of the children’s expensive toys filled the house. it made her unlucky as well. rather than paying off debts. Has generated a large amount of scholarly debate and has been compared to a wide range of other works. Paul believed they were finally becoming a lucky family so he continued to bet. responsibility. A motif of the Rocking Horse Winner could be luck. since the mother’s greed it what caused her to buy the toys in the first place. The children were starting to grow up and would have to begin school soon. The family believed that their house had become haunted with the unspoken phrase. Write a psychological profile of Paul. you are lucky. she spends all of it on materials things.H Lawrence.motivated by guiltu0097and perhaps fear of being viewed as a bad motheru0097for leaving him at home? Or is she genuinely concerned about his welfare? 5. The theme and motif seem to tie together to create the tragic outcome of this story.000 pounds from his winnings. which she still continued to blow on unnecessary things. Since she told her son about their luck. The pressure of trying to pick the right horse made him really stressed out and caused him to basically go crazy and have a heart attack. and since she married him. Paul’s mother is the main reason the family is in debt. When Paul gives his mother 5. . causing an even more need for money. As I was reading the story some of the themes were more important than others. Well-to-do English parents in Lawrence's day frequently turned the care of children over to nursemaids and others on the household servant staff. There was never enough money and both parents had small incomes. The parents continued to buy unnecessary things. but if you are lucky you will continue to receive money. -C McCutcheon The Rocking Horse winner has four main themes such as materialism. She told her son the cause of their unluckiness is because of his father. Are the house voices real? Or does Paul hear them because he is mentally disturbed? 6. The mother led her son to believe that they are an unlucky family. Rocking Horse Winner Theme Edit 82 0 4… The main theme in the story The Rocking Horse Winner is greed. . She believes this because they have no fortune and are basically poor. Include research to support your viewpoints. Due to her actions materialism is a theme in the story. Do you think Lawrence wrote "The RockingHorse Winner" partly to chastise parents for this practice? Do you believe this practice can be beneficial under certain circumstances? 7. greed and generosity. Since he has a small income. At Christmas time. 8. But all of the family’s money was being wasted on things that were not important. he began betting on race horses and winning a lot of money for her. but never said or did anything about it. The mother’s greed and belief of unluckiness led to her own son’s death. It was believed it was the toys that haunted the house. Include research to support your viewpoints.
who doesn’t really . Paul agrees to let her have all the money at once but this was the down fall to his plan because his mother went off and spent the money foolishly and is in need for even more money. seems to think that there is never enough money and says that he hears the walls talking as they say.000 pounds. aka gambling.000 pounds from his winnings. However in this story everything is different. In the book the son. Rather than paying off debts and saying.000 pounds. Paul. Paul is incredibly gifted at making money. he comes over an illness and dies. which would be given to her in increments of 1. so he goes out in search of luck. she does not tell the rest of the family of the money. An example of where this theme takes place in the story is when his mother first got the news about inheriting 5. “There must be more money”.J Price In the story. GENEROSITY AND GREED. he then secretly sends the money to him mother. Due to that responsibility is a theme in the story. D. But then it is the complete opposite of his mother. And so he goes behind his mothers back and begins and wins money off of the horse races. he soon realizes that when he rides his play rocking horse that he knows the name of the winning horse in the race. Paul generously gives his mother 5. The disparity between Paul’s generosity and his mother’s greed is another theme in the story. because the son gets all this money from his winnings and he offers all of it to his family. -E Taylor RESPONSIBILITY-obsession with wealth and material items is pitted against the responsibilities of parenting. The theme of this story is that materialism and the love for money can be a very harmful thing. Pauls unselfish generosity is contrasted with the mothers greed and selfishness. I believe that another theme in the story is generosity.In the average family it is the responsibility of the parents to provide for the children.H Lawrence making the parents failures at financial dealings. she spends all of it on material things. there is a major theme for the desire and want for money and a high raking social status. The mother of this family no longer has her spouse. and somehow it can destroy people. Parents are made complete failures and the son Paul gifted at making money. and also the responsibility of the parents to spend money wisely.Pauls generosity and his mothers greed. she seems to be very greedy and selfish. When she found this out she went right to her lawyer and asks if she can just receive the entire amount right away instead of the increments. Paul offers all of his winnings to his family because they need money. . He then soon realizes that luck and money will be the death of him. When the mother first receives the news from the lawyer the she has inherited the money from a relative. -C Jones Rocking Horse Winner tells the story of a middle-class English family who is struggling with money problems. He believes that luck is money. causing an even more need for money. The Rocking Horse Winner.
This greed ultimately leads to her son riding his rocking horse in a frenzy. The theme of this story is that greed is bad. as she is very cold to her children and overall apathetic. They buy expensive clothes and car and have a nice house. -JD Bixby The main theme of the Rocking Horse Winner is greed and lies and their consequences. He told his mother that he was lucky and she just laughed in his face. they are not. This is shown through the moms habits of trying to put on as though she has money when she has none. Another theme for The Rocking Horse Winner is kindness and selflessness. It is the son’s Paul’s job almost to keep up with his mothers spending habits almost as though to make up for his dead father missing in her life. which turns the moms heart to stone. This continues throughout the story. Throughout this story the family is living as if they are in a high ranking social life but in reality. It is also this greed. People should not let greed take over their lives and live their lives based on a lie. would ride his rocking horse to find out names of horses that would win in the races just to prove to his mom that he was lucky. The phrase “there must be more money” echoes through their house constantly. Paul was only a child and he should not have to go through all of that and face his death just to prove something to his mother. don’t try to be something you are not. making him fall ill and eventually die. Love for money can be a very dangerous thing as shown in the story where a mother’s love for money. but they don’t have the money to pay for all of those things. A motif for this story might be that one should not place to much on a child.matter since she didn’t really love him anyway. the son. He then gives all of the money that he made to his parents. Paul rides his toy rocking to find out the names of winners in the upcoming horse race. -L Vo . It’s because of this problem that her son tries to help her out which ends in the death of him. Her overwhelming greed and selfishness is well contrasted with her son’s selflessness and charity. There was always a need for more money. Live your life the way it is. and her spending overshadows her income. Even with the death of her only son the mother is cold and again shows no emotion. which supposedly gives him the winner to popular horse races. This act of selflessness is what made Paul the main character of the story. Paul. He then places a bet on it and makes money from it. putting financial strain on the family. Another theme for this story is to not be ignorant of others. more than that of her own children. drives her son to push himself to the point where it cost him his life. Through this we can see that greed has consumed her and separated her from what should mean most to her. when her son has won money instead of saving it she ends up spending it all on useless items for around the house. With all this stress and responsibility put on her child it is no wonder that he falls ill from trying to hard to give his mother what she wants.
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