Situation 13. Leprosy is an ancient disease and is a leading cause of permanent physical disability among the communicable diseases.

It is a chronic mildly communicable disease that mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, the eyes and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. 61. Assessment is done upon seeing a patient with leprosy. The following are early signs and symptoms, except: 1. Appearance of a skin patch 2. Loss of sensation on skin lesion 3. Inability to close eyelids 4. Hair growth over the lesion 5. Painful nerves 6. Loss of eyebrow 7. Ulcers that do not heal 8. Sinking of the nose bridge a. 3, 5 and 7 c. 3, 6 and 8 b. 2, 5 and 8 d. 2, 6 and 7 62. A person can get leprosy through the following except: 1. Inhalation of the infectious organism through a broken skin 2. Repeated skin to skin contact with untreated individual 3. Inhalation of the infectious organism from the nasal discharges of an untreated individual 4. Contact with articles soiled with discharges from lesions of leprosy patient a. 1 only c. 4 only b. 1 and 3 d. 3 and 4 63. Philip is a 55 year-old resident who is affected by leprosy and is on schedule for Multidrug Therapy. Which daily treatment is usually prescribed by a physician for lepromatous and borderline type in 28 days? a. Dapsone 10 mg and Rifampicin 600 mg b. Clofazimine 50 mg and Rifampicin 50 mg c. Rifampicin 150 mg and Dapsone 50 mg d. Clofazimine 50 mg and Dapsone 100 mg 64. Only in rare instances is there really a need to use laboratory and other investigations to confirm a diagnosis. However, when a clinical diagnosis is doubtful. This optional procedure is done to prevent misclassification and wrong treatment. a. Direct Sputum Smear Microscopy (DSSM) b. Slit Skin Smear (SSS) examination c. Mass Blood Smear (MBS) collection d. Purified Purine Derivative (PPD) test

A nursing intervention that is important in caring for Anne would include the following. 66. conjunctivitis. high fever and tiny white spots in the mucosa inside the cheek c. 2. Forscheimer's spots 69. It is caused by a filterable virus 2. A morbilliform rash appears on the 3rd or 4th day a. 15 months old. Vomiting. It is an acute highly communicable infection 5. headache. 5. 3. The rashes doesn't end in a branny desquamation 4. The cause of death is usually from complications 7. Serum antibodies appear on the third day of the incubation period 8. rashes and temperature of 38ºC. Skin eruptions which are abundant on covered areas of the body than on the exposed areas b. 3. 4. 5 and 7 b. She was brought by her mother because of spots in her buccal mucosa. except: a. falling between 7-14days in high proportion of cases 68. ATS Situation 14. Which of the following statements is true of Rubeola? 1. Administer as prescribed antipyretics to reduce fever . Nurse Lorie knows that the incubation period of Rubeola is: a. Pseudomembrane c. 7 and 8 d. who is admitted to the hospital with Rubeola. Rashes which spread from the face to the trunk and limbs. 2-3 weeks. Anne's immunity from her mother lasted only 6 months. 1. Varies from 3 days to 1 month or more. 6 and 8 67. The characteristic signs of measles are which of the following group? a. commonly 13 to 17 days c. Koplik spots b. 2. 4. She has conjunctivitis. DPT d. 12 to 26 days.65. 5. 5 and 6 c. 10 days from exposure to appearance of fever and about 14 days until rash appears b. usually 18 days d. The prodrome period lasts for about 2 weeks 3. 4. fine petechial and morbilliform rashes and epistaxis d. 3. Severe backache and rashes which are more abundant on extremities than on the trunk 70. Gammaglobulin b. cough. What do you call these spots? a. The rash usually begins behind the ears and neck 6. Preventive aspect of care is a priority consideration. Nurse Lorie is taking care of Anne. BCG c. coryza. Which of the following vaccine is also preventive measure? a. Rose spots d. 1.

3.b. Airborne transmission d. Amoebiasis d. Slow pulse 5. Ensuring that the room is well lighted c. 5 and 6 c. 5 and 6 d. Contaminated food and water c. Helminth b. 3. Continued fever 3. Direct contact 74. A week before the vacation ends. 5 and 8 75. Sanitary disposal of human feces and maintenance of fly proof latrine 2. Virus c. Wearing face mask when administering nursing care to the child d. Cholera b. Loss of appetite 4. 4. The characteristic signs of the said condition in #71 are which of the following? 1. 2. As a preventive control measure for the said condition in #71. she developed fever. Dysentery c. 3. Increase fluid intake of the child by drinking water frequently Situation 15. Vangie's condition is caused by a: a. Intermittent fever 2. which of the following must be discussed in the health education program for the pubic? 1. Vangie is a 15 year-old child who is spending Christmas Vacation in Pangasinan. Rose spots on trunk and abdomen 6. 4. Nurse Ulysses will suspect Vangie to have contacted which infection? a. Typhoid fever 72. Based on Vangie's clinical findings. Bacteria d. Bloody stool a. Removal of stagnant water in empty water drums and flower pots . diarrhea and rose spots on her abdomen. 1. 4. Diarrhea 7. Proper food handling and preparation 3. Protozoa 73. 3. except: a. Nurse Ulysses provided the family with health education to prevent transmission of infection as the disease can be transmitted to family members through the following. Rice watery stool 8. 1. 2. 71. Flies b. 4. 5 and 7 b.

pinworm Situation 17. Ascariasis 80. The three major causes of intestinal parasitic infections in the Philippines are the following. it showed a cumulative prevalence rate of 66 percent. Taeniasis d. 1 and 4 c. 76. Filariasis d. There is a need to sustain mass deworming for 3 consecutive years to immediately control intestinal parasitism and other parasites among these infected children at the critical time of their growth and development. What is it? a. hookworm c. he may also manifest the following: . Use of repellants and insecticides a. Antihelminthic drugs used include: a. Albendazole and Mebendazole b. He was rushed to the hospital and was diagnosed with Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PCP) or Red Tide Poisoning. Lord Voldemort complained of dizziness. Trichuriasis c. 81. This is typically exemplify by: a. This parasite enters the intestinal mucosa and could be spread through autoinfection. headache and numbness of the face especially around the mouth after 45 minutes of eating shellfish. Metronidazole and Albendazole c. 3 and 4 b. In addition to the above mentioned signs and symptoms manifested by Lord Voldemort. All of the above 77. Trichuriasis c. Ethambutol d. tapeworm d. UP and UNICEF in 2003. It is a parasitic disease that has similar manifestation with Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Ancylostomiasis b. Ascariasis b. According to a nationwide survey on soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) among children aged 12-71 months old done by the DOH. 1 and 2 Situation 16. whipworm b. except: a. Bithionol c. The treatment of choice for the condition in #77 is: a. vomiting. Praziquantel b. Studies have shown that STH infected children are prone to acquire other infections. Cotrimoxazole and Metronidazole d. Metronidazole 79. Paragonimiasis 78.4. 2 and 3 d.

Give coconut milk and sodium bicarbonate d. “No. “Sedatives can be given to help you relax. Infectious hepatitis c.” 84. sea cucumber 85. “We can give you immune serum globulin. “Does cooking the shellfish make it safe to eat?” Nurse Bellatrix's best response is: a. Do not induce vomiting b. bradycardia and abdominal pain 82. Management of Red Tide Poisoning includes: a. Nurse Bellatrix is giving health education to the family of Lord Voldemort regarding Red Tide Poisoning. Tachycardia. except: a. the toxins are destroyed by freezing.” c. oysters and scallops d.” b. The patient was diagnosed with Hepatitis A. Symptoms include tingling sensation and paresthesia 83. bradycardia. clams and mussels b. as long as you cook the shellfish properly at a boiling point. Symptoms occur within minutes or several hours after ingestion of poisonous shellfish c. Severus was admitted with manifestation of jaundice accompanied by pruritus and urticaria. hematemesis and chest pain c. Floating sensation. “No.” b. The toxin is totally destroyed upon cooking b. Seizures. The mother of Lord Voldemort asked Nurse Bellatrix. Severus asked the nurse.” c. “Yes. “Yes. the poisons are not destroyed by cooking. It is caused by a plankton d. the toxins are easily destroyed by heat.” d. crab meat c. “Which sea foods can transmit red tide poisoning to human?” The nurse response included the following sea foods. “Why don't you give me some medication to help me get rid of this problem?” Nurse Neville's best response would be: a. hypertension. Inoculation hepatitis 87. dysphagia. Giving of medications c. except: a. Lord Voldemort asked the nurse. paresthesia and ataxia d.” . The toxin is totally destroyed upon cooking Situation 18. Which of the following statement is not true about red tide poisoning? a. Epidemic hepatitis b. Hepatitis A is also known by the following names. Catarrhal jaundice d. “There are no specific drugs used to treat hepatitis.a. 86. Blurred vision and rapid rise in the blood pressure b.

sliced chicken sandwich and gelatin dessert c. Canned tuna c. Jaundice 5. 2. Cottage cheese. 4. Broiled shrimp d. 4. 6 and 7 c. Leptospirosis can be transmitted through: .” 88. 2. Leptospirosis is also known with the following names. 1. Weil's disease and Trench fever c. several areas in Davao City becomes flooded with water. Clay-colored stools a. Loss of appetite 2. “Vitamin supplements are frequently helpful and hasten recovery. Cheeseburger. During the first six months after contracting the infection d. Tachycardia 4. Dobby. All of the above Situation 19. 91. During the febrile period b. 3. peanut butter sandwich and milk shake 89. During the first week of the illness c. Enlargement of the lymph nodes 3. except: a. All except 5 b. French fries and sherbet b. Mud fever and Flood fever b. The lunch selection that would indicate the client's understanding and compliance with the dietary principles taught is: a. Catarrhal jaundice and Ragpicker disease d. The cooked food most likely to remain contaminated by the virus that causes Hepatitis A is which of the following? a. Spiroketal jaundice and Japanese Seven Days Fever 92. Bradycardia 6.d. After the 10th day of illness 93. Which of the following signs and symptoms occur in a patient with Hepatitis A? 1. taco chips and chocolate pudding d. Fried tuna belly b. Urticaria 7. should have his urine be tested for the presence of the microorganism: a. During the rainy season. and 6 d. Leptospirosis is one infection that is common during this time of year. Steamed lobster 90. Nurse Neville has instructed Severus about the type of diet should be eaten. Salad. Turkey salad. who is suspected of having Leptospirosis.

while on her way home from work. I washed my wound immediately with soap and water d. 95. Management and treatment of Leptospirosis is symptomatic but a drug medication is prescribed at 200 mg orally once a week for prevention.” b. The Philippines has one of the highest prevalence rates of rabies in the whole world. 96. Droplets b. Dolores's response indicates correct understanding of first aid measure when she says that: a. I went to the hospital and reported the incident b. Albus asked if it is possible to be infected while swimming in public pools or rivers. 2015 c. Zidovudine b. Chloramphenicol c. Dolores Umbridge. Approximately 300 to 600 Filipinos die of rabies every year. “This is not possible as long as you have no open wounds while swimming in public pools. I went to the drug store and bought 500 mg antibiotics 97. 2025 . Confined at a veterinary clinic c. was bitten by a stray dog.” c. 2020 d. Nurse Sirius asked Dolores what she did immediately after the incident. “Infection with leptospirosis is possible with recreational swimming in water contaminated with urine of human and animals having the infection. Airborne d. Streptomycin Situation 20. Observed for 14 days d. 201 b. The nurse told Dolores's mother not to kill the dog because the dog will be: a. It is the objective of the Department of Health (DOH) to reduce the incidence of Human Rabies from 7 per million to 1 per million population by: a. Rabies remains a public health problem in the Philippines. Nurse Sirius interviewed Dolores and her mother at the Emergency Room to take the history before seeing a doctor. Nurse Hermione replied that: a. Doxycycline d. I ran after the dog and had bitten it too c. Sexually transmitted 94. What is the drug of choice? a.a. “You can protect yourself by applying 70% alcohol before swimming d. “There is no danger during day time because leptospires die when exposed to sunlight. Treated with antibiotics against rabies 98. Open skin contact c. Injected with a vaccine b.

The best nursing intervention in the management of dengue fever among patients admitted in the hospital would be: a. animal handlers. Encourage vaccination c. side walk vendors. a student nurse began to feel joint pains and eye pains associated with high fever. Respiratory Paralysis d. Prophylactic drug treatment with antivirals c. Contact Isolation c. Mosquito control c. veterinarians and infants 100. He is diagnosed with Dengue fever. Hydrophobia ituation 7: Ralph. voluntary pre-exposure prophylaxis among people who are at risk is highly recommended. The treatment and control of dengue hemorrhagic fever include all of the following EXCEPT: a. Administration of antivirals d. Pet owners. Barangay tanod officials patrolling the streets at night. Pregnant women. Isolation of patient b. Mass vaccination during rainy season b. Platelet administration . Health education d. Removal of small collections of water such as flower vases d. which of the following measures is included? a. Concurrent disinfection 33. 31. Community participation 34. Considering that rabies is one of the most acutely fatal infections which causes the death of approximately 300 to 600 Filipinos annually. He noticed some pinpoint rashes on his legs. health personnel working in anti-rabies units and children below 15 years old d. Eradication of vector d. Treat shock with IVF b. veterinarians and animal handlers b. Seizures c. side walk vendors. These people include: a. Fogging or daily spraying of insecticides 32. In the prevention of dengue fever. All people living within an area where there are dogs that roam their neighborhood c. Observation b. Hemorrhage b. pet owners. What is the most common caused of death in patients with Rabies? a. The most effective control measure for dengue hemorrhagic fever is: a.99.

Which among the following is considered as the most important health teaching given to clients with Tuberculosis? a. The CHN in the area alarmed by the reports decided to investigate the community. Put ice bag over forehead if patient has nose bleed c. Yellowish palms 40. 42 years old. Proper disposal of soiled tissues d. Which among the following side effects should be reported immediately to the physician? a. He complains of frequent tingling sensation of his feet. Beef 39. Chest x-ray as diagnosed by the TBDC c. Mang Jose. TB meningitis d. Covering of mouth while coughing or sneezing . Which among the following is a contraindication for sputum collection? a. Pleural effusion c. Flu-like symptoms b. went to the Chest Center to avail of the free Direct Sputum Smear Microscopy. Red-colored urine d. it is essential to counsel the client on the side effects of the treatment regimen. Give high fiber diet Situation 8: The BHW of Barangay Jacinto reported series of adults having cases of spasmodic coughing and fever for the past two weeks. An induration of 10 post tuberculin test d. Sputum smear positive times three b.35. Chest x-ray after having three negative sputum smears 37. Fish c. Mang Jose began his treatment regimen for tuberculosis. Which among the following diets shout be encouraged? a. Place patient in prone position to relieve abdominal pain d. Hemoptysis c. Give aspirin for fever and muscle pains b. As a nurse working in the Barangay Health Center. Kangkong d. Which is an independent nursing intervention for a patient with Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever? a. Which among the following diagnostic tests does NOT indicate active tuberculosis? a. Milk b. Hemoptysis b. Miliary TB 38. Frequent handwashing c. Strict compliance to treatment regimen b. 36.

These are guidelines created to prevent transmission of microorganisms in hospitals b. 5-11 days d. but does not rise beyond 38oC d. debilitating and often unfamiliar to health workers. 44. d. Perform handwashing before using the toilet Situation 10: Filariasis is endemic in some parts of the Philippines. Perform handwashing before client contact b. the nurse should be aware of the different signs and symptoms of the disease. Which among the following characterize the prodromal phase: a. In managing individuals with SARS. and using barrier protections during nurse-client interactions c. Perform handwashing after eating c. Perform handwashing after food preparation d. The period between the first exposure and multiplication of the SRAS causative agent would be: a. Fever is present. The patient is usually not infectious at this time. Togavirus d. Coronavirus b. Dry hacking cough is present c. SARS remains to be an enigma among health practitioners and had proven its virulence. Which of the following best defines standards precaution? a. The disease often progresses to become chronic.Situation 9: The nurse is aware of the misuse of antibiotics . Effective methods that the government would likely to pursue to eliminate filariasis in the country are all of the following EXCEPT: . b. Rhabdovirus c. The patient requires mechanical ventilation at this stage 45. These are precautions based on contagious or epidemiologically significant organisms are recognized. Paramyxovirus 43. 41. which resulted to the emergence of new strains of microorganisms that proves to effect a catastophic effect on human health. It pertains to the use of handwashing. 1-5 days 42. A nurse involved in the care of a patient diagnosed with SARS should: a. 1-20 days b. 2-10 days c. The nurse knows that the virus could be categorized as: a. It is a strategy of assuming that all patients are infectious. Handwashing deters the spread of microorganisms. 46.

lympedema and orchitis Situation 11: Specific defenses of the body involve the immune system. Ayisha is given the hepatitis B immune globulin serum. One advantage of passive immunity is that it: a. Stool examination d. 4-6 weeks d. Vaccination of all susceptible in high risk areas and high risk populations c. lymphadenitis. Aedes poecillus c. The most likely diagnostic test that he will undergo is: a. lymphedema. Pursue annual mass drug administration using two drugs in all endemic areas for at least five consecutive years b. Has effects that last a long time b. 51. Is highly effective in the treatment of disease c. Wuchereria bancrofti b. Intensify health information and advocacy campaigns in its prevention. epidydimitis b. 2-4 weeks c. Nurse Keith explains to a mother whose child just received a tetanus toxoid injection that the toxoid confers which of the following immunity? . A long incubation period characterizes Filariasis that typically ranges from: a. elephantiasis c. Halt progression of disease through disability prevention 47.a. The vector for Filariasis is a. Aedes egypti 48. control and elimination d. Offers immediate protection d. A 36-year-old man is brought by his wife to a doctor's clinic to be tested for filariasis. Orchitis. Anopheles d. hydrocele. 2-3 years b. Immunochromatographic test (ICT) b. A client in the acute stage of the disease will include which of the following clinical findings? a. Lymphangitis. Hydrocele. Nurses should be knowledgeable on the importance of immunity in the prevention of communicable diseases. elephantiasis d. Encourages the body to produce antibodies 52. which will provide her with passive immunity. Lymphadenitis. Nocturnal Blood Examination c. 8-16 months 49. Urinalysis 50.

Lifelong active artificial immunity 53. Stimulates plasma cells directly b. 2 to 5 years Situation 12. Gino is a chronic carrier of infection. 6 months to 1 year b. Long-lasting active immunity c. Provides antibodies that neutralize the antigen c. A mother asked Nurse Edna on the duration of the effectiveness of a natural passive immunity. Lifelong passive immunity b. Nurse Edna is correct when she tell the mother that the effect lasts for: a. Decrease the susceptibility of the host 57. If infection cannot be prevented. Simon. 56. Accelerates antigen-antibody union at the hepatic sites d. Stimulates long-lasting passive immunity 54. Wearing gloves and masks when providing direct client care c. To prevent the spread of the infection to other clients or health care providers. Lifelong active natural immunity d. who was exposed to hepatitis A is given gamma globulin to provide passive immunity. Provides immediate active immunity d. Provides a high titer of antibodies c.a. which: a. and to treat the existing infection. Whenever possible. the nurse implements strategies to prevent infection. Increases production of short-lived antibodies b. Nurse Benny explains that the major benefit in using tetanus antitoxin is that it: a. who is suspected of having tetanus. the nurse's goal is to prevent the spread of the infection within and between persons. 2 to 3 weeks c. the nurse emphasizes interventions that do which of the following? a. asks Nurse Benny about immunizations against tetanus. Permanent d. The most effective nursing action for controlling the spread of infection includes which of the following? a. Eliminate the reservoir b. Block the portal of exit from the reservoir c. Block the portal of entry into the host d. Justin. Implementing appropriate isolation precautions d. Administering broad-spectrum prophylactic antibiotics . Thorough hand cleansing b. Stimulates the lymphatic system to produce large numbers of antibodies 55.

In caring for Mark who is on contact precautions for a draining infected foot ulcer. and disease prevention. During an infection control seminar. Sitz baths need to be taken every 4 hours while awake if vaginal lesions are present d. “We should not share toothbrushes but it is Situation 1: Information dissemination is an integral element of health promotion. Wear a mask during dressing changes b. Needles should be disposed into a puncture resistant container . it is appropriate for the nurse to reuse which of the following personal protective equipment? a.” b.” c. Goggles c. Syphilis d. While the nurse is counseling a group of mothers about sexually transmitted diseases.” d. Genital herpes b. Patients with AIDS should be isolated b. The nurse tells the nurse that: a. Provide disposable meal trays and silverware c. “We will use antimicrobial soap and hot water to wash our hands at least three times per day. Gonorrhea c. which statement by the client would indicate effective learning has occurred? a. 1. Blood and other specimens should be labeled AIDS Precaution c. Total abstinence from sexual intercourse is necessary during the entire pregnancy c. “We must wash or peel all raw fruits and vegetables before eating. Use surgical aseptic technique for all direct contact with the client 59. Follow standard precautions in all interactions with the client d. Clean gloves 60. Daily administration of acyclovir (Zovirax) is necessary during the entire pregnancy b. After teaching a client and family strategies to prevent infection. Trichomonas vaginalis 3. one mother asks the nurse which sexually transmitted disease is most detrimental to their baby's safety during pregnancy? The nurse should respond that it would be: a. A cesarean section will be necessary if vaginal lesions are present at the time of labor 2. “A wound or sore is not infected unless we see it draining pus. Gown d. the speaker specified that prevention of the spread of HIV include the following measures EXCEPT: a. Nurse Bong should perform which of the following? a. The nurse is in the best position to do health education activities. When caring for a single client during one shift. Surgical mask b. A nurse is providing instructions to a pregnant client with genital herpes about measures that need to be implemented to protect the fetus.58.

” c. The nurse assesses the child knowing that which of the following is not a clinical manifestation associated with this disease? a. The mother asks the nurse the length of time required for the respiratory precautions. The nurse most appropriately responds that: a. Laboratory screening of pregnant women d. 5. Sex education b. White strawberry tongue c.” d.” 8. What would be the priority nursing diagnosis for the patient? a. The following are preventions of gonorrhea transmission EXCEPT: a. Prophylactic treatment of exposed people c. A nurse provides instructions to the mother of a child with mumps regarding respiratory precautions. Disturbed Sleep pattern . red colored pharynx d. Sex education about preventive behaviors. “Respiratory precautions are necessary until the swelling is gone. Blood spills should be cleaned with chlorox 4. Edematous and beefy. The mother returns home and calls the clinic to report that the infant has developed swelling and redness at the site of injection. Premarital serologic screening b. as ordered Situation 2: The nursing process is applied in any health care setting. Bring the infant back to the clinic c.d. A 6-month-old infant receives DPT immunization at the well-baby clinic. Pastia's sign b.” b. Incidence to be reported to health authorities d. “Respiratory precautions are indicated during the period of communicability. “Respiratory precautions are necessary for the entire time of illness. A nurse is giving health education to a client diagnosed with HIV. Administration of ophthalmic prophylaxis. The nurse tells the mother to: a. Koplik spots 7. Case finding c. 6. A nurse is preparing the plan of care for a patient with herpes genitalis. The nurse determines that the client does not need further teaching if the client states that the most effective method known to control the spread of HIV infection is: a. Apply an ice pack to the injection site d. “Respiratory precautions are indicated for 18 days after the onset of parotid swelling. Apply a warm pack to the injection site b. A child is diagnosed with scarlet fever. Monitor the infant for fever 9.

Imbalance in Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements c. Liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension b. which of these examination: a. Ineffective Breathing Pattern 10. In order to confirm the diagnosis of Snail fever. Hetrazan d. Chloramphenicol b. Use of safe water b. Increased lacrimation Situation 3: There are 170 Bilhariasis endemic municipalities. pulmonary hypertension c. Whitish plaque at buccal mucosa d. Which of the following is NOT a complication of Bilhariasis? a. Contact with affected stray animals b. Grayish membrane at hard palate c. 11. You know that the mode of transmission of Katayama fever is: a. The nurse on duty. The following are preventive measures for Schistosomiasis EXCEPT: a. Infected flies and rodent d. Stool examination d. X-ray of the abdomen b. Which among the following is the drug of choice for Bilhariasis? a. Cor pulmonale. Which of the following will confirm her suspicion? a. Biltricide c. Avoid bathing and washing in infested waters c. Use of sanitary toilets d. you advise patient to have. Use of sanitary toilets 13. Pharyngotonsilar congestion b. Tetracycline 14. Elimination of breeding sites of mosquitoes 15. Alteration in Comfort: Pain d. You are assigned in one of these municipalities.b. Urinalysis c. Meningitis and hepatomegally . Contact with water infected with cercaria c. based on her assessment findings suspects the presence of diphtheria. CBC 12.

Antibodies c. As a preventive measure for malarais. Apply insect repellant on house walls D. which among the following signs and symptoms need referral to a secondary or tertiary facility? a. F c. Aedes egypti 19. Take chloroquine tablets once a day C. Aedes poecillus d. The nurse determines that which of the following places the client into the high risk category for contracting human immunodeficiency virus? a. B. E. E. E. Which of the following is NOT an anti-malarial drug? a. D. Renal or liver failure 17. Living in an area where HIV infections are minimal . Malarial purinates b. B. C. B. F b. During your assessment. 21. A nurse is collecting data from a prenatal client. Malarial parasites d.d. Use long sleeved shirts when going out at night E. Clear hanging branches nears rivers a. D. Quinidine 20. Tetracycline b. Sulfadoxine c. C. Avoid going out between 12nn to 3am B. Icterus and shock c. She encounters multiple cases of sexually transmitted diseases. F d. Aminophylline c. Antigen 18. D. you ecucate people living in malaria endemic areas to do which of the following? A. Amoxicillin d. What do you expect to see in the film? a. Plant neem tree in their backyards F. Sweating and headache b. Ascitis and renal failure Situation 4: Endemic malaria occurs in the topic and subtopic areas where socioeconomic condition is very poor. D. Fever and chills d. A. 16. Anopheles b. C. C. The mode of transmission of this disease is through the bite of an infected female mosquito called: a. Laboratory confirmation of malaria is done on a blood film. E Situation 5: A nurse is having her duty in a public health clinic.

Presence of HbeAG determines the infective state of the client 24. Development of resistant strains b. The nurse commends her for seeking medical care. and perspiration. Non-venereal transmission d. Symptoms are though to be caused by something else c. A history of one sexual partner within the past 10 years d. RA 280 c. A history of IV drug use in the past year c.b. Presence of HBsAG is the serological marker to establish the diagnosis of hepatitis B. semen. Which among the following informations is true of HIV? a. Reinfection Situation 6: Avian Influenza is an infectious disease of birds that can cause serious illness in humans. semen. urine. The client does not manifest signs and symptoms 25. The importation of chicken from countries with outbreak of avian flu is banned by which law? a. it indicates a carrier state or chronic hepatitis. saliva. If the serological marker is present in the blood after 3 months. The presence of anti-HBS indicates recovery and immunity to hepatitis B. Which of the following is NOT true? a. Client is embarrassed b. b. and breast milk have higher concentrations of HIV than urine. It can be transmitted via body fluids such as blood. Asymptomatic infections c. 26. A spouse who is heterosexual and had only 1 sexual partner in the past 10 years 22. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is the confirmatory test for HIV 23. vomitus and stool c. Symptoms are ignored d. The nurse is very active in contact tracing and epidemiologic treatment of all gonococcal identified contacts to prevent: a. The nurse is talking to a young female client in the health clinic who is concerned she may have sexually transmitted disease. The nurse explains that the major reason treatment of majority of STDs is delayed because: a. d. b. A client who by history may be exposed to HIV but test negative for HIV antibodies can no longer infect others d. PD 280 . Blood. Hepatitis B infection is established by the presence of hepatitis B antigen-antibody systems in the blood. c.

Fever. vomiting. The major causes of death in avian flu are the following except: a. 7 days . A suspected case of avian flu would be identified if a person exhibits which of the following manifestations? a. Dehydration from severe vomiting and diarrhea 28. Multiple organ failure d. All of the above 30. dyspnea. 3 days d. vomiting and diarrhea 29. Incubation period for avian influenza is: a. sore throat. 10 days c. 21 days b. EO 280 d. cough. Hemoptysis. and sore throat c. Mixing antiviral to feeds and water supplied to poultry suspected of being exposed to avian flu d. diarrhea. Body weakness. AO 280 27.b. body weakness cough. Fever. cough. Respiratory distress c. diarrhea. sore eyes. Killing of all infected or exposed birds c. fever. It is necessary to institute which of the following measures to birds suspected of being exposed to the virus? a. difficulty breathing. Severe viral pneumonia b. Vaccination of poultry b. and anorexia b. and hematemesis d. bloody stool.

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