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Callister7e Sm Ch03 51

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01/18/2013

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# 3-61

Linear and Planar Densities
3.51 (a) In the figure below is shown a [100] direction within an FCC unit cell.

For this [100] direction there is one atom at each of the two unit cell corners, and, thus, there is the equivalent of 1 atom that is centered on the direction vector. The length of this direction vector is just the unit cell edge length,
2R 2 (Equation 3.1). Therefore, the expression for the linear density of this plane is LD100 = number of atoms centered on [100] direction vector length of [100] direction vector

=

1 atom 1 = 2R 2 2R 2

An FCC unit cell within which is drawn a [111] direction is shown below.

For this [111] direction, the vector shown passes through only the centers of the single atom at each of its ends, and, thus, there is the equivalence of 1 atom that is centered on the direction vector. The length of this direction vector is denoted by z in this figure, which is equal to
z= x2 + y2

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