Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT

Tushar Kanti Bera
Postdoctoral Researcher Department of Computational Science and Engineering Yonsei University, Seoul-120-749, South Korea Email: tkbera77@gmail.com Webpage: http://web.yonsei.ac.kr/seoj/bera.htm

Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) is a tomographic imaging technique which reconstructs the spatial distribution of the electrical impedance (conductivity or resistivity) of a closed domain within a volume conductor (object under test) from the voltage-current data measured at the boundary of the domain. An EIT system consists of EIT electronic hardware for current injection and voltage measurement, EIT sensors or surface electrodes with subject or practical phantom and the PC with a computer program called image reconstruction algorithm. EIT is being researched in different areas of science and technology due to its many advantages over other computed tomographic techniques like X-Ray CT, PET, SPECT, MRI etc. Being a non-invasive, non-radiating, portable and inexpensive methodology, EIT has been extensively studied in clinical diagnosis, biomedical engineering and biotechnology. Electrical Impedance tomography can be used for reconstruction of different electrical properties of materials such as electrical conductivity, electrical resistivity and electrical permittivity. Hence we find electrical conductance tomography, electrical resistance tomography and electrical capacitance tomography. References:
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and Biomedical Engineering). first edition, Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd. 2004.
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Biomedical Engineering 2006;8:63-91.
[4]. 7. Tushar Kanti Bera Samir Kumar Biswas, K. Rajan and J. Nagaraju, Improving Conductivity Image

Quality Using Block Matrix-based Multiple Regularization (BMMR) Technique in EIT: A Simulation Study, Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance, vol. 2, pp. 33–47, 2011. DOI:10.5617/jeb.170 [5]. 11. Tushar Kanti Bera, Samir Kumar Biswas, K. Rajan and J. Nagaraju, Improving Image Quality in Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) Using Projection Error Propagation-Based Regularization (PEPR) Technique: A Simulation Study, Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance, vol. 2, pp. 2–12, 2011. [6]. Graham BM. Enhancements in Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) Image Reconstruction for 3D Lung Imaging. PhD thesis, University of Ottawa, Canada. 2007. [7]. Lionheart WRB. EIT reconstruction algorithms: pitfalls, challenges and recent developments. REVIEW ARTICLE, Physiological Measurement 2004;25:125-142. [8]. Tushar Kanti Bera and J. Nagaraju, A MATLAB Based Boundary Data Simulator for Studying The Resistivity Reconstruction Using Neighbouring Current Pattern, Journal of Medical Engineering, Hindawi Publishing Corporation [In Press]. [9]. Tushar Kanti Bera, Samir Kumar Biswas, K. Rajan and J. Nagaraju, Improving the Conductivity Reconstruction in Electrical Impedance Tomography with Block Matrix-based Multiple Regularization (BMMR) Technique: A Practical Phantom Study, International Journal of Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management (IJCISIM), [Accepted]. [10]. Tushar Kanti Bera and J. Nagaraju, Studying The Surface Electrode Switching of A 16-Electrode Electrical Impedance Tomography System Using 8-Bit Parallel Digital Data, International Journal of Computer

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