BYU Passing Game

Norm Chow Offensive Coordinator Brigham Young University Provo, Utah

Lance Reynolds Runningbacks Coach

Chris Pella Tight Ends and Special Teams Coach

Roger French Offensive Line Coach

e want to express our gratitude to the AFCA and the program committee for the chance that we have to spend a few minutes with you. We have a very good football staff and you will meet our offensive guys, but we also have a very good defensive staff with Ken Schmidt, Tom Ramage, Barry Lamb and Brian Mitchell. We have been together a very long time. We have competed against a lot of you and we are friends with a lot of you, so a chance to spend a few minutes with you is very gratifying to us. Lance Reynolds, who is the runningbacks coach, Chris Pella, who is the tight ends and special teams coach, Roger French, who is our offensive line coach and myself will each spend a few minutes with you. I know we don’t want to spend a lot of time on philosophy, but I think if we express our basic tenets as the hour goes on, it will make a little more sense. Number one, we are going to protect the quarterback. If you decide to rush seven, we will block seven. If you decide to rush 10, we will try to block 10. We are going to try to protect the quarterback. Lance and Roger spend a lot of time picking up blitzes and that is the basic tenet that we have. You may be better than we are, but schematically we will try to protect the quarterback. If we do decide to run a hot route, it becomes very simple because what we try to do is incorporate the unblocked defender in the play call. Whoever the unblocked defender is, we will simply call that player’s name in the play call. That way the quarterback, receivers and offensive linemen all understand that is the guy we cannot block. We actually point to him and we say we can’t block him. If we don’t call him out, then the receiver progression is one, two, three. But, if we call out the unblocked defender, then the quarterback understands that his responsibility now in receiver progression becomes blitz one, two, three. We try to keep it as simple as that. Number two, we like to think we can control the football with a forward pass. I know that is something of an anomaly, but we want to do that. We played a game a couple of years ago, and we threw consecutive 18 completions. The only reason we did that, in my mind, is because they were simple throws. Throws that were eight and 10 yards that we thought we could make. We like to think that we can control the foot-


ball. No one is more aware of possession time than we are. We understand that we need to watch the clock and control the clock a little bit. Number three, we always try to incorporate the run and the pass. That is obvious, right? You aren’t going to win football games just running the ball and you aren’t going to win football games just throwing the ball. We like to think we can do both. We try to make it as similar as possible. Lance will talk to you a little bit about the path of a halfback on a run that is the same path taken on a throw that we have. We try to incorporate both running and passing and make it look as similar as we can to cause a little bit of confusion. Number four, we are going to take what the defense gives us. I know that is simple, but it is very true. We are going to try to take advantage of what the other team is doing on defense. During the course of a game, with the sophistication of defenses, coverages are disguised and the use of zone blitzes and fire blitzes become very hard to beat. We’d be lying if we said we sat up in the box and knew what coverages were being run. What we try to do is take a portion of the football field, the weak flat for example, and we will attack that until we can figure out what the defense’s intentions are. Then we try to attack the coverage that we see. It is very difficult to cover the whole field. We are not going to try to fool anybody. We are going to take little portions of the field and try to attack them until the defense declares what it intends to do. Number five, we feel very strongly that you need to KISS it. You need to KISS your offense. You all know what that acronym means, you need to Keep It Simple, Stupid. I think the biggest mistake we make as coaches is that we try to do too much. Lance does a great job of always reminding us, “Hey we are doing too much, we’re doing too much.” If you walk out of here with nothing else but the idea that we try to keep our offense as simple as we can, I think we have gotten the point across. A few years ago, I was talking to a former NFL coach who has since retired. He said, “What is the comfort level of your quarterback in a critical situation? Third and four situation, what is the comfort level?” I was trying to impress him and act like I knew what I was talking about so I asked him what comfort zone meant and he said, “Simply, how many throws does your quarterback feel confident making

• Proceedings • 77th AFCA Convention • 2000 •

the quarterback needs to be able to move. One is if the corner rotates over. If the stud linebacker hits it. We change terms to get attention back on the shorter route. The runningbacks have several key roles in the passing game. we have one back in the flat and we have the halfback right in the spot where the stud linebacker left.when it is third and four and you have to make the first down?” I said. We are going to talk about using tailbacks in man-to-man coverage because most tailbacks are great athletes. and we tried to devise things to take advantage of what an opponent does defensively. what happens is the back becomes one. we tell our quarterback to throw to the runningback. Our back checks the protection and then goes to the flat. then what we try to do is get that guy on a get-away route. Since I have never met a quarterback who didn’t like to throw deep. If. We are going to learn how to use screens and hot routes to attack a blitz. then we give him room. Wanda hits it. You needn’t do an attack zone cover whether it be in some kind of horizontal fashion. See. We cannot block Wanda if he decides to come. If we can’t throw deep. Most of our five. Some of it is in two-back sets. They are all done to create stretches involved in a pass offense. We try to put him in that imaginary spot where the three deep zones meet. If the stud • Proceedings • 77th AFCA Convention • 2000 • . some of it is in single-back sets. At BYU. two. we have to either block the blitz or attack the blitz. Runningbacks It is an honor to be with you. or where we get a triangle to stretch a defense in an angle. That is what we have incorporated in our game. The way we like to attack a defense is with the passing game remaining curl. That has always stayed with me. We like to think that you need a fivestep game. Now we want to present something different with the same idea. We see someone coming over to take the tight end away from his backside. we added some terms to some of our throws to help get the ball to the backs and tight ends. and vertical stretch routes. Some terms will change the quarterback’s reads from deep to intermediate to short and some will not. We have taken one route or one pattern. We call the play and we end it by saying Wanda. a three-step. One is protection. If your opponent is rolling the zone over to the right side of the field and they bring in a linebacker to cut off some angles. Now the quarterback reads one as the receiver. We really feel strongly that we need to KISS our offense. That is a basic strong-side pattern for us. “What about you and your quarterback?” He said. screens and movement of the quarterback. If we see man-toman coverage and think we can get by with a back against a run support guy. The quarterback’s read is to look for the go route and we tell him that two becomes both X and the tight end. Again.and seven-step routes read from deep to short. We will show you some diagrams and translate how we try to develop a football play. or didn’t think the deep guy was open. What we try to do is call play and use girl’s names for the hot linebackers. a three-step game. a five-step. It is a big responsibility and anybody who coaches runningbacks should take a lot of time and effort to try to make sure that they fill their role in that protection scheme. “Two. he will go from short to deep. All we have done is try to create a triangle depending on how the defense covers. We call a get-away an option route. runs. We try to create triangles. If the blitz comes. If you can’t handle the pass rush. flat. he will throw it hot and the idea is now we can get our quarterback’s eyes and attention on throwing a shorter. Diagram 2 Diagram 1 Diagram 3 Our quarterback’s progression now becomes a cover three read. if we just added the term F-option. they play route recognition and bring the stud linebacker to seal. some kind of vertical fashion. I am going to try to emphasize most of my time on trying to utilize the runningbacks in the passing game. As my receiver progression takes me to number The reason we have done this is because we see that this linebacker is getting back into the tight end hole and we cannot get the ball to him like we want to. a play pass. we break in and just play with the option game. two as the tight end and three as the back. for some reason. For example on the strong throw. Lance Reynolds. That is how we try to attack a route depending upon the coverage we see from the defense. A term like H-option will reverse the quarterback reads. we like to develop oblique stretches. Some way. The look now becomes blitz one. if you will. two and the defense is in a strong zone with the strong safety trying to take away the tight end. then we try to get the ball in that open area. throw the deep ball. three. four verticals and creating triangles and mismatches against man-to-man coverage. play pass off the run. higher completion percentage throw. we are involved in all of those. If the stud linebacker plays him man-toman. We have tried to create a triangle.” Then I turned and asked him. linebacker is outside. “Maybe seven or eight. Everybody understands horizontal stretches. The backs are critical to obtain the “stretch” that the quarterback guys are always talking about. That is simply how we try to put our offense together. instead of going from deep to short. the tight end becomes two and the post becomes three. we call this color flash. we turn it out. we will look for the tight end and that is called a sail route.” This is an NFL coach coaching an NFL quarterback. a screen game and be able to move the quarterback. we have the tight end in a deep route. whether it be blocking guys or hot releases or dealing with the blitz in some kind of screen. routes. both with the quarterback and the runningback. What that does is make the quarterback focus his eyes on that option of the blitz. you obviously need to run. now we become hot. who is probably a guy from the deep third.

he becomes one. you have to peek on the other side to watch out for new hot guys. it makes it real difficult for the quarterback. As we release and that width drops. we say go get the hole. Make the defender run. he needs to align. If they zone blitz an end to try and bring that weakside linebacker. having in your mind what you are going to do before you get there. we need to be able to get ourselves in a position where we can get rid of the ball quickly. they need to get up to that move point. block a few times and run down the field and catch a lot of passes. This is my 14th season. We want to make it look the same to the defender on that side of the field so he cannot recognize the difference between the option or a comeback. We will tell him to release and he sees people drop. we will either turn or we will swing. During our best years. It needs to be the same as if you were running a draw-trap. at the move point. The back is on a delay route. but it emphasizes in the quarterback’s mind that if this linebacker drops to take away a sale. put on a definite move and then plant a foot and now accelerate and use speed. The first thing you need to do is evaluate your personnel and pick a guy who can run the H-option vs. Depending on protection. When you release and you see man-toman coverage. five wide receivers in the game and people dislocate out of the backfield. Sometimes you see an empty backfield. I think these reads change into a real high percentage throw and you can utilize your backs to beat man two coverage and also get into seams of zones. high to intermediate to low. the quarterback checks that if the linebacker comes. plant his foot and get the ball right now. It is probably one of the best ways to get the ball to a good receiver or a good runner. Now if they play us on another kind of zone. I’m the new guy on the staff. we are going to adjust in one or two ways. a receiver would be one. We plant our foot and push hard for two reasons. I think it can be a real equalizer sometimes. the way people play now. and on this play. So we will go from short to deep. man-toman so that he can separate from people. then it is almost like playground football. You need to get the quarterbacks in a drill everyday with the runningbacks so they can learn to recognize quickly and make precision moves with good timing between quarterback and runningback. We can be no tighter than the inside leg of the tackle and there needs to be a little bend to the release. We are always trying to find ways to enhance our offense. Usually the defenders work like crazy to get nine guys around the ball all the time. When they release. 265 pound guys who run 4. people ask me. we need to throw the ball so we can execute the play before the defense has an ability or has time to close on us and squeeze that route down. for our tight ends to catch many passes. The only disadvantage is when you turn protection. plant his foot and return it into the hole. it creates a bit of a unique scenario in trying to recruit tight ends that can fill a different role other than line up. If we are attacking a zone. he is going to go through his reads.Another option we can talk about is the angle. So there are some things you can do with it by changing your protection around.6 and maybe only have a 38-inch vertical jump instead of • Proceedings • 77th AFCA Convention • 2000 • . Some players have a feel for that and some players don’t and it is very difficult to get a guy that doesn’t have much feel to run it correctly. that is the term we use to discuss when we are not going to block somebody. Traditionally. what is your profile of a tight end at BYU? I would like to recruit 6-6. Second. We will call a play then add a term to it. Diagram 4 The first one we will start with is our halfback option game. the corner presses and they have some kind of two deep and there is a big hole. First. Tight Ends Coach Reynolds mentioned that I have been at BYU for a little while. shake. You can’t run this very well from the backfield unless you get the back over behind the tackle. When we add the term option in the halfback option. we can run this off the strong route or the weak stretch. Norm spent a minute on hot routes. The tight end becomes two and the receiver becomes three. we tell him to go get the hole with your feet. If you have the right kind of back and you do it enough. Especially when you are running the ball. I think everybody in the country would like to recruit guys like that. tight end cross two and the back would be three. We will start like we are going to the flat and roll back quickly. freeze the defender and go inside or outside. you have to be able to release. then we have the tight end coming over the top in the off curl and we will throw behind the guys that are squeezing. The precision between the quarterback getting that ball to the backs in a hurry and the width of the backs is critical. We will take the back and roll him out. With the back stretch release. When the quarterback drops. So. So. let’s say the width drops straight. In a normal route. unfortunately. The option now being with the halfback. If you fish hook. You can’t run this play from a split backfield or the offset I. I feel that it has really been a privilege to work with the offensive coaches at BYU and to work with the tight ends. we’re not able to do that. you have to get away from the zone blitz. you are going up and putting a move on and working it inside or outside. make an adjustment and turn that end and push hard to the sidelines and stay away from the bad guys. because we don’t want the free safety to be able to disguise and stay high. One. If the back gets the ball before the free safety gets there. This release needs to be an arc that gets a little bit of width. push. You can do some other things like turn your protection so there is no hot guy. In recruiting. we think he can make a play on the free safety or on the end. The second we plant our foot. We teach our players to crouch and become very small after they catch the ball so they are harder to tackle. the players get a lot of confidence and they love to be one-onone with some grass out there. Chris Pella. a term we call rip. The timing and recognition of it is critical on the hot ball. Sometimes that stud linebacker will get back to take away that intermediate ball. if that linebacker drops wide and a corner goes deep. we do not block the weakside linebacker. 260 pound guys who run 4.5. Now. I tell young players to take their time and really make a hard push. Now to get this to where you are comfortable. So we want him to run right into the hole. then he is going to throw the delay. as a lot of teams have done. If they do squeeze us. but he needs to be where he can get a quick release. then the hole is going to be right between the weakside and middle linebacker. I’d probably settle for 65. the tight end was a valuable part of this offense.

but you can’t get to that until you get to tomorrow. where the three-deep and the underneath zones meet. I think it is very important that you take the opportunities in practice and make the kids the best that you possibly can. When you have somebody who is 6-5 or 6-6 out there and you have a corner or a safety over there who is under six feet tall trying to cover him. our whole format is to release in a manner with a technique that allows us a chance to get our shoulders past that defender and get ourselves into our routes. if you make a bad block or if you drop a pass. flanker and split end have enough speed to force the corner to go deep and a safety to respect that deep post. What happened earlier today. That is when things open up for a tight end. that is an opportunity to coach and make ourselves better. We are going to come up with a scheme that allows us a chance to protect our quarterback. I tell the tight end. I think the kids have to realize it. Tight end is a low level. no matter what the situation was. I was down in Ram Park one day just sitting there with Merlin and I asked him. We are also trying to find a tight end that can fit into a four vertical concept. Traditionally the way we teach blocking has changed a little bit. get 15 yards down the field before you even start to slow down. I haven’t been able to reach that goal either. A man route is just a hard cut out. Fundamentally. it has to leave your mind. I tell kickers all the time. It didn’t matter if it was in practice. you will never have that opportunity again. He can be one of the four guys running down the field trying to put that fourth vertical stretch into that secondary. I am a real leverage type person. 240260 pounds. We work hard on trying to release through people on playaction passes. You have to get ready for the next kick. That has taken a lot of pressure off of our tight ends on blocking certain run points. then our tight end knows that he has to get open. people are going to try to reroute you. you can control his body. Bringing tight ends across formations will give you different ways for them to get off the line of scrimmage into those outs. what do you contribute your success to as a football player?” He said. I was going to take advantage of that opportunity. It changes a little bit from where the ball is on the field and those types of things.” That has always stuck with me and it has always been a part of my coaching philosophy. protecting and helping the running game. Our tight ends range from 6-3 to 6-6. “Hey Merlin. We emphasize to our tight ends. That makes you a good blocker. I think the most important thing if you teach blocking is understanding that the guy with his hands inside wins the battle. I coach the kickers. I think that the biggest thing that I have to work on as a tight end coach is trying to find time to make sure these guys know how to block. All you have to do is block him in or block him out and the back will make a cut. I think the other thing that is important for tight ends is to get off the line of scrimmage. once that ball leaves your foot. If we put our tight ends in a Y split-out position. I have always tried to instill that into my players. They know how to pass protect. the Super Bowl. Just think about the good one or think about the next one and get ready and make yourself visualize that you are going to catch the next one. I think a lot. What happens tomorrow is another challenge. Obviously when we have practices. mid-level route type of position for us. The number one thing I believe is protecting your chest. Certainly that fits the profile of the standard traditional tight end. they will generally make most of the catches on the team. protect our chest and keep those linebackers and defensive linemen from getting to our arms or chest and rerouting us. I think with the zone play. but I also think it is a critical element. That means keeping the tight end in protection once in a while. Obviously. The thing that we do that I think is creative is line up our tight ends in the backfield and put them in short motion and direction in the way we want them to go when the ball is snapped. So. I think this gives us a chance to have our tight end moving or put him in a formation where they can’t anticipate where he is going to be and have somebody waiting for him. The hardest block for a tight end is to hook an outside linebacker. we always emphasize release steps which means to open our hips and get ourselves in position to drive our arms up the field. the fullbacks and tight ends run very similar routes and have very strong crossover ability. talk a lot and coach a lot about using leverage in blocking. Merlin was part of the ‘Fearsome Foursome’ with the Los Angeles Rams. If you can get your hands inside the defender’s hands and get your body in a position to control his chest. We want our tight ends to have a chance to be successful. We want to sell the run first. we have changed our aiming point and put a zone position where we just want our tight ends to knock him backwards and then block him wherever he goes.a 48-inch vertical jump. we run a bootleg where we have two tight ends running the first and second level on misdirection. Obviously if it is just man-for-man. Sale is a hole we try to create 15-20 yards deep. We run zone plays inside and outside to turn our tight ends into good blockers. So we think it is very important that our tight ends help sell the run also. This window of opportunity closes very quickly. Traditionally. If the tight end doesn’t block. then that whole play-action fake concept has been wasted. he becomes a primary receiver in this route. I figured out that leverage is a creative development that can help you win the battle of trying to block big people backwards. We try to sell into that spot and become a fixture and give the quarterback a chance to throw to you in an area that is going to be open. also. Get yourself in position to get to your route. Another thing we will do is split him out. I spent a lot of my early career in coaching at Utah State and also played there with Merlin Olson. then they are going to think pass right away. Two things that we are concerned about are getting enough stretch and that the wide receiver. “I always had this one philosophy that I was going to play every play as though it was going to be the last play in my career. If they take off down the field and the secondaries get a primary key of pass and they are running with them. If it isn’t a hot ball. You are going to overcome that little mistake that you can do it and try to create a positive environment for them to play and practice. I think we have a very narrow window of opportunity in coaching. that is history. I also think what is very important to understand is tight ends cannot be eliminated from blocking. We still like to create a scenario where that tight end has a chance to catch the ball. I have always felt very strongly about the ability to get guys motivated to play hard. The word sale was mentioned in two formations earlier. They all have good mobility and can run. The big thing about teaching man routes is working on staying flat and • Proceedings • 77th AFCA Convention • 2000 • . Don’t miss this opportunity because you aren’t going to get it again. Unfortunately. the Pro Bowl. we certainly think that enhances our ability to throw the ball down the field.

he can throw the ball outside. never go forward. That is the thing that you have to try to teach and the thing that we try to do. At least that way they don’t get a free run and knock • Proceedings • 77th AFCA Convention • 2000 • . The hard part about anything is keeping your offensive linemen in a squared-up position. But. The other thing that you want to prevent young men from doing is going forward on pass protection. 1520 yards deep in his sell zone to get open. I think the number one thing you have to teach your offensive linemen is they have to keep square to the line of scrimmage. Bouncing around will not get it done. the main thing you want to do is to prevent them from going forward on dropback protection. A stagger stance will put you in a position to get the job done. Roger French. the quarterback can throw the ball inside. Myself. we do go forward on certain individual things. That is very true but you readjust or pick up the player with a back. he does not have good footwork. they have to keep those hips squared. I remember when we would just line up and we could block five guys. People are jumping on top of the quarterback and we aren’t sure where they are coming from. The other thing I want to do is to have my back straight. drop our shoulders. that way I can push off from any direction I want to go. Number one. You block the defensive people on the line of scrimmage in a cup formation to give the quarterback enough room to throw. If we are running a 50 protection or a three-step drop. I talk in terms of mug protection. In this alignment. they are going to close to the quarterback. That’s not easy. they have to keep those feet coming back in the proper setting. they will never drop a pass. But when I talk about a mug protection. sure he has good footwork. If the defense jumps down inside. I think the other thing that is important about tight ends is they can be a factor in blitz control. For me. You cannot spend enough time teaching kids to watch the ball into their hands and watch that ball come to their body. The one thing that you always find is you have a real tendency to get beat inside because of the movement. I want my foot down and I want my feet flat on the ground. I think the number one reason receivers drop footballs is because they turn their eyes away from their hands before they catch the football. When the lineman is in a stance. In the zone concept. Once you put your head down. the quarterback can throw the ball wherever he needs to throw it to get you to an open spot. he cannot block. break a tackle and have a chance for a big play. One thing I have found that really helps our lineman is jumping rope. If the safety is inside. Now. it is even more demanding because things are changing. you have to move slow. our linemen will fire forward. we relock our backs and the guard makes a signal to the tackle to block outside. you want to move with smoothness and glide. We want to come straight back. never cross your feet. we want to be perpendicular. Number one. Everything we do. This is a real must.getting separation. It’s keeping those feet flat on the ground. Ninety-nine percent of the time. The back helps with the inside pressure. The number one thing I teach is getting in the proper stance. If you move. If he has big feet. our thoughts are to go perpendicular. Jumping rope teaches good footwork and enables players to move their feet better. Your feet won’t move as fast when you are sitting on them. it is almost impossible to intercept it. Everyone talks about cup protection. The halfback option is exactly the same concept. A lot of people say you can’t over-split because they will jump people down inside on you. If you have a great athlete and he can’t move his feet. If you go forward you are going to lose the battle. turn up the field. Always keep your body in-between the defender and the quarterback. only it is to the weak side and we bring the tight end across and create the same scenario. We have a free safety in a position to try and cover a tight end and we compress our body. I am a real believer in that and you can look at just about anybody who drops a pass and you will see their head turns away from their hands. If you can do all four of these things you will win most of your pass protection and one-on-one techniques. The answer is how does he move on those feet? Which way does he move? If you look at a young man and he jumping and galloping everywhere. We have four nevers that we always talk about. So you have four yards on either side and in this situation they are going to close it a lot quicker. You want to come back square so that if this guy does arc in there. When you move. We just want a little arrow route involved with a strong safety blitz. We have to keep those shoulders squared. We will make it a four yard variance coming into the quarterback. As long as you keep your body between the ball and the defender and the quarterback has a chance to throw that ball in front of you. cup protection is fine and relative to what a lot of people are trying to do. That play probably generates more yards after a catch than any play tight ends get involved with and I think it is a very good route. If we run play-action. We try to maintain splits. The smoothness is something you have to have. You don’t want to bounce. We’ve got a three-foot split on each side of a player and we hope our tight end will go anywhere from three to four feet widening the area that they have to come through. the number one thing I want is that knee over the toe. If you can train an individual to be disciplined enough to always watch their hands. you are going to end up in a footrace to the quarterback and the defensive man is going to win. you have to be in what we call a stagger stance. We put our athletes in aerobics to add agility and smoothness. they have a good chance for an interception. hands up in position to block with bent knees. our offensive linemen will fire forward. In mug protection. your ability to move inside or outside is made a lot of easier for you. The important part of three-point stance is where the buttocks are. Defenses are really gearing up to come after you. The next one is don’t drop your head. if that ball is thrown in any kind of position where the defender can come underneath. I talk in different terms to my kids. it has a better value for what we are trying to get done because in this scenario. That is an essential. Offensive Line The one thing I have found out about football is that it is a demanding sport and when you coach the offensive line. people are going to get behind you and get in between you and the quarterback. Our front three people are going to be the lockup men in the front to give the quarterback any opportunity to step forward if he has to. Another situation that you have is what you do to protect yourself in offensive line play. I want to be on the instep of my back foot or my stagger foot. shoulders back. If you want to get out of a stance quickly and move your feet quickly. Blocking is a sliding and gliding technique. As soon as you drift up the field. People always ask if he has good footwork. you cannot let your buttocks drop down. We try to keep guys four yards from the quarterback.

The object of the drill is to hit him in the numbers in the proper position. There are a lot of others that you can add and one is. Punch and recoil. The importance of all these steps is that you get an anchor. I hope we gave you something you can use and remember. I’m going to set him. the further this one can come back. You have to anchor the inside foot. Here is a great drill for centers. watch where their hands are. So if he does get a jump on me. and the defender goes there. you are going to be successful in your pass protection. It is a great reactionary situation. we want them to get a pre-kick and get into a position with that instep and that flat foot. You kick back and don’t just step the toe back in there but drive it into the ground. see that the feet are moving properly. So what if they change directions. The defender moves to the outside. One more is called the balance drill. I use a jazz step. which occasionally does happen. the first thing we try to do is force the man that is beating us inside to come back outside which buys us time to get the quarterback to throw the football. That foot has to move and you have to sit that weight right back down between those legs. Sometimes. That comes right back to that knee position. don’t let your kids lean. you are going to force defensive men to go the long way to the quarterback. This is how we do it. You can incorporate as many people in the drill as you need to. is going back. It’s got to be relatively automatic that that left or right foot going back. he slides over and punches him. if a guy takes a lateral step or a polished step to the right. I’m going to pull on that neck and then I’m going to push to the chest. You can keep this drill going over and over. I am a yard deeper than I originally would be if I took a kick step. When you move. Following are the four AFCA Divisions: Division I-A — Institutions that are in NCAA Division I-A Division I-AA — Institutions that are in NCAA Division I-AA Division II — Institutions that are in NCAA Division II and the NAIA Division III — Institutions that are in NCAA Division III • Proceedings • 77th AFCA Convention • 2000 • . the center kicks back and he sets his position. you will want to stop his charge. You are forcing the defensive man now to go into the line of scrimmage. All you are going to do is rock forward and back. The one that bothers me more than anything in our relationship is talking about never getting beat inside. The reason you never want to get beat inside is that by not getting beat inside. The other thing that we want to try to do is get out of your stance.the quarterback’s head off. That is essential. So. Number one. We talk in terms of a power step which is a head on position step maybe six inches to the inside and six inches to the outside. instead of continuing to move your feet. A defensive man puts his hand around a lineman’s neck and the other hand on his chest. see that the head is up. the defender is going to walk out and boom. I hope you enjoyed it. You want to be moving with your weight always distributed on the inside of the knee. number two. Because the deeper this foot is. If you can do this drill. We have what we call a kick step where we are going to get our feet quickly back and get into a position to take down an outside rusher. The snap of the ball is the only time that we take the inside foot out. When our kids get into a situa tion that they can’t take on a speed rusher. they start to lean with their hands. Anytime we are even beat inside. he is going to come again. Another drill we use is called a recoil. If you are in a stance. On the snap of the ball. don’t let your guys get beat inside. The main thing is. don’t get into the position where you are leaning out away from that foot. The first time you do it. that is fine. or if I can get a jump on him. you will be a good center. try to keep that knee over your toe so you won’t go forward. if you can prevent those things in an offensive lineman. What we are doing is we have a pre-kick and I want him to get as wide and as deep as he can. I’m going to set him. boom. you are keeping your center of gravity always in the same place and that is straight down the middle of you. You go for about 10 yards. AFCA Divisions It is important to know the AFCA Division and District in which your school belongs. you want to get out of it. if you do it another way. It is an excellent drill for balance. We will put guys in a two-point stance and we want them to move quickly to the snap. If you do that. Thank you. At all costs. It is a good drill and all you have to do is watch their feet. it’s not etched in stone. that they have the lead left knee over the left toe or the right toe depending on how they position and go from there. The next defender crosses behind and the center slides over and punches him.

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