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Technet Bookmarks » Active Directory Backup and Restoration – Windows Server 2008
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Active Directory Backup and Restoration – Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 Backup tools
How do you backup AD?
Active Directory is backed up as part of system state, a collection of system components that depend on each other. You must back up and restore system state components together. Components that comprise the system state on a domain controller include:
they are also backed up as part of system state. that indicates an update is available. To explain further. Edb.log: The transaction logs.log and Res2.chk: The checkpoint file. and replication is started. When the failed domain controller is started for the first time after completing the recovery process. How to run a non-authoritative restore: www.technetbookmarks. or authoritative. These are the files required for Windows 2000 Server to start. Performing a normal restore would not bring back the deleted objects. If you do not use Active Directory-integrated DNS. The system volume provides a default Active Directory location for files that must be shared for common access throughout a domain.com/62-active-directory-backup-and-restoration-windows-server-2008. or Windows NT 4.shtml 2/4 . replication occurs and the changes in Active Directory are replicated to the previously failed computer. If the USN of the other domain controller is higher. replication will occur.dit: The Active Directory database. copy of Active Directory. The SYSVOL folder on a domain controller contains: NETLOGON shared folders. If you follow the normal procedure of restoring Active Directory from yesterday’s backup and rebooting the server. zone data is backed up as part of the system disk. The domain controller is brought up to date with the rest of the network. NOTE Domain controllers use Universal Sequence Numbers (USNs) to keep track of Active Directory data and to determine if an update is available. File system junctions. and Active Directory is synchronized.log: Reserved transaction logs. each 10 megabytes (MB) in size. To recover your lost users and OUs. Edb*. Using USNs is a more accurate method than using time stamps. It takes several days to obtain a replacement part for the machine and to repair the domain controller. SYSVOL. other domain controllers have continued to function normally. Difference between Authoritative Vs non-authoritative restore. If the USN of the other domain controller is the same or lower. and various changes in the network and Active Directory have taken place. and all the changes and deletions made by the administrator will be replicated back to the domain controller. User logon scripts for Windows 2000 Professional based clients and clients that are running Windows 95. Now let’s suppose that the failure you suffered was due to human error. Each domain controller keeps its own USN. A non-authoritative restore is a domain controller being restored that does not have an authoritative copy of Active Directory.1/19/13 Technet Bookmarks » Active Directory Backup and Restoration – Windows Server 2008 System Start-up Files (boot files). File Replication service (FRS) staging directories and files that are required to be available and synchronized between domain controllers. then the zone data is backed up as part of the Active Directory database. Res1. When a domain controller is started. System registry. let’s suppose that a domain controller fails due to hardware failure. Class registration database of Component Services. Windows 2000 GPOs. The Component Object Model (COM) is a binary standard for writing component software in a distributed systems environment. The term “authoritative” is used to describe a restore in which the domain controller being restored has the master. During this time. Active Directory includes: Ntds. and checks its USN with the USN of other domain controllers on a regular basis. Windows 98. Whether the restore is authoritative or non-authoritative then specifies the direction of replication. These usually host user logon scripts and Group Policy objects (GPOs) for non-Windows 2000based network clients. Note: If you use Active Directory-integrated DNS. and an administrator deletes significant portions of Active Directory.If you installed Windows Clustering or Certificate Services on your domain controller. you must perform an authoritative restore and specify the objects that you want to replicate to the rest of the network. Active Directory. if you back up the system disk along with the system state. you must explicitly back up the zone files. replication is not started. An authoritative restore pushes Active Directory out to other domain controllers. replication occurs during the boot phase.0. and a non-authoritative restore synchronizes changes to the domain controller being booted. This is a non-authoritative restore. However.
After the restore. we need to specify UNC in backuptarget switch. we haven’t specified the network location but if the backup is on a SAN or on another server. How to run authoritative restore: Let’ s assume. This will find out all backups available and Figure out which version you want to restore 5. go ahead with Authoritative restore. Type authoritative restore to get into the right NTDSUTIL context 8. Login with . since backup is stored locally on disk. Type restore object “distinguishedName” for a single account or restore subtree “distinguishedName” if you are restoring an entire OU.000 and other domain controllers will treat this server as updated server and this information will be replicated to all domain controllers.technetbookmarks. the entire AD database will be replicated with other domain partners. 6. type ntdsutil activate instance NTDS 7. Use the most recent backup file set that was created before the deletion. This restore is useful in a scenario let’s say a disk failed and once we restore the entire backup after new disk replacement. the USN of an object will increase by 10. Type wbadmin get versions from a command prompt 4. If there was an accidently user or OU deleted. P erform the below steps to recover the OU. The reason is if you do a normal restore./administrator and the domain recovery mode password you set up while running Dcpromo 3. Restart the DC into directory services recovery mode (Hit F8) 2. 1. You must have a system state backup before performing below steps. www.1/19/13 Technet Bookmarks » Active Directory Backup and Restoration – Windows Server 2008 just go to Windows server backup and click recover. an OU was deleted from AD database. Type wbadmin start systemrecovery -version:ID – backuptarget:backuplocation In the above command.com/62-active-directory-backup-and-restoration-windows-server-2008.shtml 3/4 .
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