.. .. Williams and M. \. Elcctrodes. A. These are shielded metal arc welding with coated electrodes. Use this reference to obtain the proper welding material and thermal treatment frgm Tables 2 and 3.. TABLE1"' GUIDELINES Use Table 1 or 2 to obtain a welding material and thermal treatment reference. Field welding is more diffici [It than shop welding... T h e standard 37vz-degree bevel specified in ANSI .:treatments for various materials . Welding is best accomplished utilizing two basic processes.: ' .sented to find proper electrodes.How' to field. An open root gap is used for most welds. When 1 in the shop...kel alloy process piping that JI meets code requirements. . : I : : . Thls material should be helpful to maintenance supervisors in the process industries.\ . although they are i s e d extcnsively for s h o l ~ fabrication where the welding can be done in the flat downhand position. ' . and gas tungsten arc welding with bare filler wire: Processes such as gas metal arc welding and flux cored arc welding have only limited ficld appccations. .:. filler wires and required thermal : .:. and v e q often under restraint and adverse environmental conditions. .. Field welds are usually made manually ip a fixed position.. Special requirements are inclllrded in the following notes. 1:. F IEL D WELDING procedures must he simple to minimize the effects of welding variables.. J.25 is an adequate joint gesign. All~ambra. positioners and *?tomatic equipment may be used and working conditions Lre controllable.weld piping 1 . R16.. but cvnsumablc inserts are being used more frequently for hi$h quality welding of alloy piping.:. O u r company has compiled in a tabular form welding procedures for ferrous and nic. . I . Use the tables pre. here is d' sirhple procedure for welding ferrous and nickel alloy process piping. C F Rraun & Co. I' ~ a i n t e n a n c esupervisor. filler wires and required thermal treatments for welding various pipe materials are listed in Tables 1-4. Calif. Malone. TABLE 2"' treatment i s required .. Table 3 lists both coated electrodes for use with the . 0. .

\SblE specificatiori cxists for tl~escwires. member of A W S and ~ s I ~ . 3. HOW TO FIELD WELD PIPING TABLE 3 . the bos oppositc the two materials to be joined contains n wcldil~gmaterial numbcr and n thermal treatment letter..-grade nlatcrinls (extra low carbon) are I)ei~ig joiried. 10. NOTES 2.3. Williams preuentlv provides conszclting services for engineering ant1 field constnccfion as senior 1ue1din.S. Calif.3..6 (C).. r\NSI B31. T a b l e QW-422. he worked in petrolelitn.. EKNi-3 (Sickel 61) is tungsten arc wcltling 11 A prcferred filler wirc for gas Circle 189 o n Reader Service Card -+ . the maximum nominal OD is : I inches. These welds are subject to a tinrtlricss test alter postweld hcat treatment. R e s e a r c l r Department.fasimuni Iinrdness r~crrrlittrrlis 6. His experience in Welding-engineering totals 30 Vears a t Ford Motor Co. As lead of the Mat e r k l Engineering Scctio71..1 a n d ANSI B3 1. he is now involved in mn!erittl~ engineering. degree in metall~trgicnl engineering from Lcl~iglt Univeisit~. 1 7 5 ~ ~ 112" and over 1 150°F 1 hrlin - - C 2 0 0 ' ~Minimum 1 150°F l hrlin .lltrrgicn1 engineeor at CF Braun & Co.. ]\~ALONEholds n B. A~laxin~urn Ii. W ILLIAMS received Itis B. postbent and I)~stlwcldl tle.). Steel nnd Buttelle.1 of ANSI B-3 1. ) . and Ingalls Shipb~tildingDivision of L i t t m Indt~stries. T h e welding materials are listed by ASXIE S F A specification designations. Alhambra.3). N A C E and ASME. Monrnnto Co. a mnximuni carbon content of 0. Maionc is (L rcgisterad professional engineer and a member of ASM. a maximum thickrless of f i incti. T h e preheat a n d postweld lieat treatments included in Table 1 a r c in accordance with the requirernents of ASME Code Section 1. In Tables I a n d 2.Mr. I I I . No . Preheat recluireiiicrits mus. 3 7.-. 9.'Mr. Thcse welds are subject to a harclriess test after postweld heat treatment: I\.D E 3 O * F Minimum 1 350JF 1 hrlin with 35b'~ Minimum 2 hr minimum 1350'~ 1 hrlin with 2 hr minimum F G H I: 4 0 0 ' ~Minimum I 1400'F 1' !i 3W°F Minimum . of molybdenum and/or colurnbiuni o r with controllotl carbon rangc are nvnilable for wcldi~igccrtniri uliuslral combinations arid for ovcrl:iy tvcltling. tVhcre I.q and meta. no postweld lieat treatment if the maximiim chromium content is 3 percent.it Irentii~eot to allow a111 rctnincd austcriitc to tr)rlst'orn~. Prior to joining CF B.S. Special grades of E309 a n d E310 containing additions . J .S. U. 9 shielded metal arc process a n d bare wire for use with the gas tungsten a r c process. M.* _!. .3. However. g~. the corresl~onrlingI. / " . be observed ( A N S I B-31. I . Material listings by P-niilnber groups are given in ASME Section IX. . Allinmhra.3 paragraph 331.' Plus post heat $1 500°F lor hr 110) I hrlin with 2 hr minimum 1350° F 1 hrlin with 2 hr minimum None In W'F ~ n i m m 1 . Williams i a v rensstered arofessional engineer and a .15 perccrit a n d n minimuln preheat of 300° F ( A S M E Section I P a r a g r a l ~ lPW-39 ~ a n d T a b l e 331.~rdricssperlnitt(:d is 241 Brinell (r\NSI I 31.3 with Exxon. ..: < . 5. I.3 Riragrapti 331. EVeld must be cooled tlsrvli to a t least 400' 1 I)etween .. n e t u l l ~ ~ rwelding. Butt welds in pipe a n d tubes of these materials need . degree in melallttrgical engineering from the Universitv of Pittsbrtrgh. . TABLE 4 THERMAL TREATMENT - TRBATMENT SYMBOLS PREHEAT POSTWELD HEAT TRIATMENT A 0 Nona except Cdrbon Steal 50°F Minimum 314" and over Over 1" 1 7 5 ' ~Min 1 150°F 1 hrlin None rxceot 50 'F Minimum Over 112. the tcrms given arc acccpted I)y tlie \veltling il~dustry. American Welding Socicty :\ specification numbers a r e the same ns the AShIE S F A specification numbers. Sealwelds of threaded'ljoints a n d socket o r filler welds I in piping welded with qlectrode ni~rnber13 or 12 need n o postweld heat trdatmcnt.2).nicnl and shipbuilding ind1mtrie. Tables 3 a n d 4 providc the required information. Calif. 4.rr~znr & Co.ldrotl11111st hc i~sed. 0. 8. NDE m e f l ~ o d s .grade of ~vc. petroche. Mr.3. .. About the authors A.

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