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**PEPERIKSAAN SIJIL TINGGI PERSEKOLAHAN MALAYSIA
**

(MALAYSIA HIGHER SCHOOL CERTIFICATE)

MATHEMATICS T Syllabus and Specimen Papers

This syllabus applies for the 2002 examination and thereafter until further notice. Teachers/candidates are advised to contact Majlis Peperiksaan Malaysia for the latest information about the syllabus.

**MAJLIS PEPERIKSAAN MALAYSIA
**

(MALAYSIAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL)

1

ISBN 983-2321-17-4

© Majlis Peperiksaan Malaysia 2002

All rights reserved. .

**MAJLIS PEPERIKSAAN MALAYSIA
**

(MALAYSIAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL) Bangunan MPM, Persiaran 1 Bandar Baru Selayang 68100 Batu Caves Selangor Darul Ehsan Telephone: 03-61369663 Facsimile: 03-61361488 E-mail: suagung@mpm.edu.my Website: www.mpm.edu.my

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dan berkeupayaan mencapai kesejahteraan diri serta memberi sumbangan terhadap keharmonian dan kemakmuran masyarakat dan negara”. Usaha ini adalah bagi melahirkan rakyat Malaysia yang berilmu pengetahuan. dan jasmani berdasarkan kepercayaan dan kepatuhan kepada Tuhan. 3 . emosi. bertanggungjawab.FALSAFAH PENDIDIKAN KEBANGSAAN “Pendidikan di Malaysia adalah suatu usaha berterusan ke arah memperkembangkan lagi potensi individu secara menyeluruh dan bersepadu untuk mewujudkan insan yang seimbang dan harmonis dari segi intelek. berketrampilan. berakhlak mulia. rohani.

logical. objective. so as to enable students to proceed to programmes related to science and technology at institutions of higher learning. and specimen papers are presented in this booklet.FOREWORD Mathematics is a diverse and growing field of study. DATO’ HAJI TERMUZI BIN HAJI ABDUL AZIZ Chief Executive Malaysian Examinations Council 4 . statistical analysis. quantitative and relational thinking. and also facilitates the implementation of programmes which require mathematical modeling. and computer technology. I would like to thank the Malaysia Higher School Certificate Examination Mathematics Syllabus Committee chaired by Associate Professor Dr Harun bin Budin and all others who have contributed towards the development of this syllabus. The Mathematics T syllabus aims to develop the understanding of mathematical concepts and their applications. The aims. form of examination. together with the skills in mathematical reasoning and problem solving. contents. It is hope that this syllabus will achieve its aims. reference books. The study of mathematics can contribute towards clear. Mathematics is finding ever wider areas of applications. The mathematics syllabus for the Malaysia Higher School Certificate examination has been reviewed and rewritten so as to be more relevant to the current needs. On behalf of Malaysian Examinations Council.

Vectors 13. Matrices 5. Differential equations 10.CONTENTS Page Aims Objectives Content 1. Integration 9. Deductive geometry 12. Probability 15. Data description 14. Functions 7. Trigonometry 11. Sequences and series 4. Polynomials 3. Differentiation 8. Numbers and sets 2. Discrete probability distributions 16. Continuous probability distributions Form of Examination Reference Books Specimen Papers Paper 1 Paper 2 1 1 1 1 2 3 3 4 4 5 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 11 13 13 17 5 . Coordinate geometry 6.

3 Complex numbers 1. (e) formulate problems into mathematical terms and solve them. Numbers and sets 1. 6 . (c) understand and use information in tabular. Objectives The objectives of this syllabus are to develop the abilities of students to (a) understand and use mathematical terminology. (d) analyse and interpret data. (b) carry out elementary operations on real numbers.1 Real numbers 1. Content 1. (g) present mathematical arguments in a logical and systematic manner.2 Exponents and logarithms 1. (e) use the notation | x | and its properties. together with the skills in mathematical reasoning and problem solving. (f) understand integral and rational exponents. (c) use the properties of real numbers. principles. notation. so as to enable students to proceed to programmes related to science and technology at institutions of higher learning. (f) interpret mathematical results and make inferences. and methods. diagrammatic. (b) perform calculations accurately and carry out appropriate estimations and approximations. and graphical forms.SYLLABUS 954 MATHEMATICS T (May not be taken with 950 Mathematics S) Aims The Mathematics T syllabus aims to develop the understanding of mathematical concepts and their applications. (d) use the notation for intervals of real numbers.4 Sets Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand the real number system.

(o) use the condition for the equality of two complex numbers. (p) carry out elementary operations on complex numbers expressed in cartesian form. quadratic. (d) find the factors and zeroes of polynomials. (m) express rational functions in partial fractions. (h) solve linear. and cubic equations and equations that can be transformed into quadratic or cubic equations. 7 . for a > b and 0 < c < 1. (k) solve equations and inequalities involving exponents and logarithms. (r) carry out operations on sets. 2.2 Equations and inequalities 2. (l) solve a pair of simultaneous equations involving polynomials of degrees not exceeding three. (i) (j) use the discriminant of a quadratic equation to determine the properties of its roots. (n) represent complex numbers geometrically by means of an Argand diagram. (i) (j) use the laws of exponents and laws of logarithms. prove and use the relationships between the roots and coefficients of a quadratic equation. (b) carry out elementary operations on polynomials. Polynomials 2. rational functions. ca > cb and logc a > logc b. (e) prove and use the remainder and factor theorems. understand the meaning of the real part. (c) use the condition for the equality of two polynomials. (l) (m) find the modulus and argument of a complex number. use the results: for a > b and c > 1. ca < cb and logc a < logc b. (g) derive the quadratic formula. and conjugate of a complex number. (f) use the process of completing the square for a quadratic polynomial.3 Partial fractions Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand the meaning of the degrees and coefficients of polynomials. (q) understand the concept of a set and set notation. imaginary part. (h) carry out change of base for logarithms. (s) use the laws of the algebra of sets. and the modulus sign.1 Polynomials 2. (k) solve inequalities involving polynomials of degrees not exceeding three.(g) understand the relationship between logarithms and exponents.

(k) use the binomial expansion for approximation. Sequences and series 3.1 Matrices 4.3 System of linear equations Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand the terms null matrix. determinants. scalar multiplication. (b) use the condition for the equality of two matrices. diagonal matrix. (h) solve problems involving the use of a matrix equation. (i) (j) expand (a + b)n where n is a positive integer. and matrix multiplication for matrices with at most three rows and three columns. (d) find the minors. (h) use the method of differences to obtain the sum of a finite or a convergent infinite series. (e) derive and use the formula for the sum of the first n terms of an arithmetic or a geometric series. (f) use the formula for the sum to infinity of a convergent geometric series. (c) carry out matrix addition.3. cofactors. 8 .1 Sequences 3. (g) use inverse matrices for solving simultaneous linear equations. and adjoints of 2 × 2 and 3 × 3 matrices. (c) use the Σ notation. that (AB) −1 = B−1A−1. (f) use the result. and symmetric matrix. matrix subtraction. Matrices 4. (e) find the inverses of 2 × 2 and 3 × 3 non-singular matrices. expand (1 + x)n where n is a rational number and | x | < 1. 4.3 Binomial expansions Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) use an explicit or a recursive formula for a sequence to find successive terms. (d) use the formula for the general term of an arithmetic or a geometric progression. (g) solve problems involving arithmetic or geometric progressions or series.2 Series 3. identity matrix.2 Inverse matrices 4. for non-singular matrices. (b) determine whether a sequence is convergent or divergent and find the limit of a convergent sequence.

(f) calculate the distance from a point to a line. and their graphs. onto function. (e) use the relationships between gradients of parallel lines and between gradients of perpendicular lines. cosine. 9 . codomain. (c) find the coordinates of the mid-point and the point that divides a line segment in a given ratio.3 Inverse functions 6. even function. (h) use the equations and graphs of ellipses.4 Limit and continuity of a function Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand the concept of a function (and its notations) and the meaning of domain.1 Cartesian coordinates in a plane 5.3 Curves Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand cartesian coordinates for the plane and the relationship between a graph and an associated algebraic equation. range. (b) calculate the distance between two points and the gradient of the line segment joining two points. (e) use the functions ex and ln x. and tangent functions. (b) sketch the graphs of algebraic functions (including simple rational functions). (k) solve problems concerning loci. parabolas. 6.5. (g) determine the equation of a circle and identify its centre and radius. and their graphs.2 Composite functions 6. Functions 6. and hyperbolas.1 Functions and graphs 6. (c) use the six trigonometric functions for angles of any magnitude measured in degrees or radians. and the equality of two functions. find the coordinates of a point of intersection. (i) (j) use the parametric representation of a curve (excluding trigonometric expressions).2 Straight lines 5. increasing function. (d) use the periodicity and symmetry of the sine. Coordinate geometry 5. periodic function. (f) understand the terms one-one function. odd function. and decreasing function. (d) find the equation of a straight line.

10 .4 Applications of differentiation Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand the derivative of a function as the gradient of a tangent. 7. and points of inflexion (end-points of an interval where a function is defined are not regarded as stationary or local extremum points). (n) find an approximate value for a root of a non-linear equation by using the Newton-Raphson method.(g) use the relationship between the graphs of y = f(x) and y = f ( x ) . y = af(x). y = f(x + a). tan x. g(x) (d) use the derivatives of xn (for any rational number n ).3 Derivative of a function defined implicitly or parametrically 7. dx dx 2 f(x) . and y = f(ax). local extremum points.2 Rules for differentiation 7. (o) solve problems concerning rates of change. cos x. or limit of a function. (i) (j) find the intervals where a function is increasing or decreasing. dx (k) determine stationary points. sin x. y = f(x) + a. ex. f ″(x). and maximum values. (m) sketch graphs (excluding oblique asymptotes). (h) use the relationships between the graphs of y = f(x). (k) sketch the graph of a piecewise-defined function. dy d 2 y .1 Derivative of a function 7. (f) find the first derivative of an implicit function. illustrate the relationship between the graphs of a one-one function and its inverse. f(x)g(x). (g) find the first derivative of a function defined parametrically. ln x. (i) (j) (l) find composite and inverse functions and sketch their graphs. (f ° g)(x). (h) find the gradients of and the tangents and normals to the graph of a function. minimum values. (c) use the notations f ´(x). (l) determine absolute minimum and maximum values. (b) obtain the derivative of a function from first principles. (e) carry out differentiation of kf(x). determine the existence and the value of the left-hand limit. f(x) ± g(x). Differentiation 7. d2 y understand the relationship between the sign of 2 and concavity . (m) determine the continuity of a function. right-hand limit. .

3 First order homogeneous differential equations Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand the meaning of the order and degree of a differential equation. (i) calculate plane areas and volumes of revolution about one of the coordinate axes.2 Integration techniques 8. (f) use substitutions to obtain integrals.2 First order differential equations with separable variables 9. 9.3 Definite integrals 8.4 Applications of integration Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand indefinite integration as the reverse process of differentiation. (b) find the general solution of a first order differential equation with separable variables.1 Differential equations 9. cos x. where r is a rational number.8. (d) find the general solution of a differential equation which can be transformed into one the above types. (h) evaluate a definite integral. (g) solve problems that can be modelled by differential equations. (f) use the boundary condition to find a particular solution. (e) integrate a rational function by means of decomposition into partial fractions. Integration 8. (g) use integration by parts. (e) sketch a family of solution curves.1 Integral of a function 8. including the approximate value by using the trapezium rule. (c) carry out integration of kf(x) and f(x) ± g(x). (b) use the integrals of xn (for any rational number n). 11 . (c) find the general solution of a first order homogeneous differential equation. (d) integrate a function in the form {f(x)}r f´(x). sin x. Differential equations 9. sec2x. ex.

(e) prove and use theorems about cyclic quadrilaterals. cos A ± cos B. tan2θ + 1 = sec2θ. (g) find all solutions. (e) derive and use the formulae for sin (A ± B).3 Circles Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand Euclid’s axioms and the results that follow.2 Trigonometric formulae 10.1 Euclid’s axioms 11. and congruent triangles.1 Vectors 12. parallel vectors. and xi + yj. 12. 12 . ~ ⎜ y⎟ ⎛ x⎞ ⎝ ⎠ (b) understand the terms unit vectors. and position vectors. a. 11. cos (A ± B). (f) express a sin θ + b cos θ in the forms r sin (θ ± α) and r cos (θ ± α). such as the properties of angles at a point.3 Trigonometric equations Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) use the sine and cosine rules. similar triangles. tan (A ± B). sin A ± sin B. (d) use the formulae sin2θ + cos2θ = 1. a. Trigonometry 10. and angles of a triangle. equivalent vectors. within a specified interval. ⎜ ⎟ . Deductive geometry 11. Vectors 12. (b) prove and use the properties of plane figures. (d) prove and use theorems about chords and tangents.2 Polygons 11.1 Solution of a triangle 10. (b) use the formulae Δ = 1 2 ab sin C and Δ = s ( s − a )( s − b )( s − c). (c) prove and use theorems about angles in a circle. angles related to parallel lines. of a trigonometric equation or inequality.2 Applications of vectors Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand the concept of a vector and its notations AB . 1 + cot2θ = cosec2θ . (c) solve problems in two or three dimensions.10.

(b) use the formulae for permutations and combinations.3 Measures of dispersion Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand discrete.3 Mutually exclusive events 14. (c) derive and use the formula n n Σ ( xi − x ) 2 = Σ xi2 − n( x ) 2 . 13 . mean. (e) interpret the mode. and grouped data. events. and cumulative frequency curves. ungrouped.1 Representation of data 13. (e) use the properties of vectors. range. and relative velocities.2 Measures of location 13. Data description 13. (g) use the formula P(A ∪ B) = P(A) + P(B) − P(A ∩ B). resultant velocities. Probability 14. (d) carry out addition and subtraction of vectors and multiplication of a vector by a scalar.4 Independent and conditional events Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) use counting rules for finite sets. histograms. and probabilities. (h) solve problems concerning resultant forces. (e) calculate the probability of an event. (g) use vectors to prove geometrical results. including the inclusion-and-exclusion rule. median. including a + b ≤ a + b . (c) understand the concepts of sample spaces.(c) calculate the magnitude and direction of a vector. continuous. boxplots.2 Events and probabilities 14. 13. (b) construct and interpret stemplots. i =1 i =1 (d) estimate graphically and calculate measures of location and measures of dispersion. 14. for two or three sets. ( f) understand the meaning of mutually exclusive events. ( f) use the scalar product to find the angle between two vectors and determine the perpendicularity of vectors. (f) understand the symmetry and skewness in a data distribution. (d) understand the meaning of complementary and exhaustive events.1 Techniques of counting 14. semi-interquartile range. and standard deviation.

( f) calculate the mean and variance of a discrete random variable. and.2 Probability density function 16. Var(aX + bY) = a2Var(X) + b2Var(Y). (b) understand the concept of a probability density function. (i ) ( j) use the binomial and Poisson distributions as models for solving problems. for independent X and Y.4 The normal distribution Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand the concept of a continuous random variable.2 Mathematical expectation 15. Var(aX + b) = a2Var(X). Continuous probability distributions 16.1 Continuous random variables 16. (c) use the relationship between the probability density function and the cumulative distribution function. (e) derive and use the formula E(X −μ)2 = E(X2) −μ2. for independent X and Y. E(aX + bY) = aE(X) + bE(Y). Var(aX + b) = a2Var(X). use the Poisson distribution as an approximation to the binomial distribution. E(aX + bY) = aE(X) + bE(Y). and. (d) use the formulae E(aX + b) = aE(X) + b. ( f) derive and use the formula E(X −μ)2 = E(X2) −μ2. (i ) use the formula P(A ∩ B) = P(A) × P(B⏐A). where appropriate.3 Mathematical expectation 16.3 The binomial distribution 15. (b) construct a probability distribution table for a discrete random variable. Var(aX + bY) = a2Var(X) + b2Var(Y).4 The Poisson distribution Explanatory notes Candidates should be able to (a) understand the concept of a discrete random variable. 16. (d) understand the concept of the mathematical expectation.1 Discrete random variables 15. (e) use the formulae E(aX + b) = aE(X) + b. 14 . (g) understand the binomial and Poisson distributions. 15. (h) use the probability functions of the binomial and Poisson distributions. Discrete probability distributions 15.(h) understand the meaning of independent and conditional events. (c) understand the concept of the mathematical expectation.

.. R. 2. Oxford University Press. 12. Matematik STPM: Matematik T – Kertas 2.. Bostock. Penerbit Fajar Bakti Sdn. Oxford University Press. S. S. T. B. & Goh. 2000. Algebra & Trigonometry (Sixth Edition). where appropriate. Prentice Hall. 10. Ong. J. Heong. John Wiley & Sons. K. G. 2001. Tong. Siri Teks STPM: Matematik: Statistik T. Introducing Pure Mathematics (Second Edition). J. & Lau.. Johnson. Stewart. 8. Goh. Introducing Statistics (Second Edition). Calculus: Concepts and Contexts. Single Variable (Second Edition). Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Paper 1 (same as Paper 1.. Brooks/Cole. S. 5. T. 7. Bhd. A. Bhd. 3. standardise a normal variable. (k) use normal distribution tables. 2002. Core Maths for Advanced Level (Third Edition). T... use the normal distribution as a model for solving problems. K. C. C. Pearson Malaysia Sdn. B. Form of Examination The examination consists of two papers... K.. 4. Tan. H. 2001. J.. Each paper contains 12 compulsory questions of variable mark allocations totalling 100 marks. Upton. 2001.. 2002. Tey. F.(g) calculate the mean and variance of a continuous random variable. Bhd. Smedley. S... A. Matematik STPM: Matematik S & Matematik T – Kertas 1. 2001. S. & Poh. & Bhattacharyya. Mathematics S) is based on topics 1 to 8 and Paper 2 is based on topics 9 to 16. How. S. (m) use the normal distribution as an approximation to the binomial distribution.. 2002. B.. 11. A.. & Sim. & Abdul Aziz Jemain. 2001.. limited... & Chandler. J. 2002. L. 15 . 2001. R. (h) solve problems which are modelled with appropriate probability density functions. C.. L. 6. 2001. Soon C. K. Siri Teks STPM: Matematik Tulen T. Bhd. Candidates are required to take both Paper 1 and Paper 2. & Cook. Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. & Chambers. G. G. & Wiseman. M.. the duration for each paper is 3 hours.. Pearson Malaysia Sdn. ( i) (j ) (l) understand the normal distribution. I. Matematik STPM Jilid 1: Tulen. Khor. Tey. Sullivan. Crawshaw. A.. A Concise Course in Advanced Level Statistics (Fourth Edition). Statistics: Principles and Methods (Fourth Edition). C. Nelson Thornes Limited. G. G. Bhd. Reference Books 1. 9. Nelson Thornes.. S.

Lye. Chew.13. 2001. C. Penerbit Fajar Bakti Sdn.. 16 .. M. Bhd.. B. E. S.. & Abdul Aziz Jemain. C. Matematik STPM Jilid 2: Tulen dan Statistik. Tan.

unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question. 954/1 MATHEMATICS S PAPER 1 STPM MATHEMATICS T PAPER 1 (Three hours) MAJLIS PEPERIKSAAN MALAYSIA (MALAYSIAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL) SIJIL TINGGI PERSEKOLAHAN MALAYSIA (MALAYSIA HIGHER SCHOOL CERTIFICATE) Instructions to candidates: Answer all questions.SPECIMEN PAPER 950/1. and graph paper are provided. Non-exact numerical answers may be given correct to three significant figures. or one decimal place in the case of angles in degrees. 17 . Mathematical tables. a list of mathematical formulae. All necessary working should be shown clearly.

and state its domain and range. ⎜ − 1 − 3 − 2⎟ ⎝ ⎠ [3 marks] (i) Determine whether A and B commute. (ii) Show that there exist numbers m and n such that A = mB + nI. [6 marks] 3 Express 1 in partial fractions. (i) Find the composite function f o g. [7 marks] 7 The functions f and g are defined by f : x a 2x. give your answer correct to two decimal places. by definition. on the same axes. that f o g is an even function. State the integer which is [3 marks] = 4. Evaluate the definite integral 5 ∫ π 2 x 2 sin x dx. 0 6 Show that the mid-points of the parallel chords of the parabola y2 = 4ax with gradient 2 lie on a straight line parallel to the x-axis. 1). Hence show that (4r − 3)(4r + 1) 1 1⎛ 1 ⎞ = ⎜1 − ⎟. (ii) Show. the graphs of y = e nearest to the positive root of the equation x2 + e −1x 2 [4 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks] 1 −2x and y = 4 − x2. 2 Solve the simultaneous equations [3 marks] log 4 ( xy ) = .1 By using the laws of set algebra. for any sets A and B. and find the values of m and n. A ∩ (A ∩ B)' = A ∩ B'. [5 marks] 9 The matrices A and B are given by ⎛5 0 0⎞ ⎜ ⎟ A = ⎜ 1 8 0 ⎟. where I is the 3 × 3 identity matrix. g : x a cos x − cos x . show that. Find an approximation for this positive root by using the Newton-Raphson method until two successive iterations agree up to two decimal places. (iii) Sketch the graph of f o g. −π ≤ x ≤ π. 8 Draw. [6 marks] 18 . 4⎝ 4n + 1 ⎠ r =1 ( 4 r − 3)( 4 r + 1) ∑ n [6 marks] [6 marks] [6 marks] 4 Find the equation of the normal to the curve x2y + xy2 = 12 at the point (3. B = ⎜1 3 5⎟ ⎝ ⎠ 0 ⎞ ⎛− 2 0 ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ − 1 − 5 0 ⎟. 2 1 (log 2 x )(log 2 y ) = −2. x ∈ R.

[5 marks] If α and β are the roots of this quadratic equation. show that.10 Given that y = 1 1 + 2x + 1 + x where x > − 1 2 . 1 x ( 1 + 2x − 1+ x . [6 marks] 19 . x [5 marks] 12 Show that the roots of the quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 are given by x= − b ± b 2 − 4ac . [6 marks] [3 marks] ln x 1 . show that 79 407 . Hence find the maximum value for α2 + β2. and the line x = Show that the area of the region bounded by the curve y = e x is equal to the area of the region bounded by the curve y = Sketch the curve. and determine whether this point x ⎝ e⎠ is a local minimum point or a local maximum point. express y as a series of ascending powers of x as far as the term [6 marks] Hence. and the line x = e. show that α2 + β2 = −(k +5)2 + 24. Determine all real values of k for which the quadratic equation x2 − (k − 3)x + k2 + 2k + 5 = 0 has real roots. ⎟. y= in x2. ln x . provided x ≠ 0. ) [3 marks] Using the second form for y. the x-axis. 102 + 101 160 000 10 ≈ 11 Show that the curve y = [3 marks] ln x ⎛ 1⎞ has a stationary point at ⎜ e. 2a [4 marks] Deduce that both roots are real if b2 − 4ac ≥ 0 and are complex if b2 − 4ac < 0. the x-axis. by putting x = 1 100 .

20 .

Non-exact numerical answers may be given correct to three significant figures. All necessary working should be shown clearly. 21 . and graph paper are provided. unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question. a list of mathematical formulae.SPECIMEN PAPER 954/2 MATHEMATICS T PAPER 2 (Three hours) STPM MAJLIS PEPERIKSAAN MALAYSIA (MALAYSIAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL) SIJIL TINGGI PERSEKOLAHAN MALAYSIA (MALAYSIA HIGHER SCHOOL CERTIFICATE) Instructions to candidates: Answer all questions. Mathematical tables. or one decimal place in the case of angles in degrees.

[8 marks] 5 In a biochemical process. and the tangent at C meets AB at the point D. the total amount of A and B is constant. show that | a | 2 + | c | 2 = | b | 2 + | d | 2. Calculate the magnitude of the resultant force and the cosine of the angle between the resultant force and the unit vector i. [4 marks] 2 Forces (4i + 3j) N. where −π ≤ θ ≤ π. [5 marks] 3 The points A. (3i + 7j) N. and D are a. two circles touch externally at the point C. Show that the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from P is tan −1 ( 3 tan β . the rate that B is produced is directly proportional to the product of the amount of A and the amount of B at that time. (iii) BC = CE. At any time. the amount of A and the amount of B are a and b respectively. If ABCD is a rectangle. Sketch the graph of x against t. At the beginning of the process. b + ae − ( a + b ) kt [8 marks] [2 marks] [4 marks] E C A D B In the above figure. If x denotes the amount of B that has been produced at time t after the process has begun.] 6 Prove that the tangents from an external point to a circle are equal in length. C. ab(1 − e − ( a + b ) kt ) . Throughout the process. Show that (i) AD = DB. which satisfy the equation sin 4θ − sin 2θ = cos 3θ. The points A and B are the points of contact between the circles and a common tangent. The point P lies on AC such that AP : PC = 1 : 2. (ii) ∠ ACB = 90°. and d respectively. ) [8 marks] 4 The position vectors of the points A.1 Find all values of θ. [There is a point of inflection on the graph. form a differential equation relating x and t to describe the process. enzyme A changes continuously to enzyme B. and C are three points on the horizontal ground with B due north of A and the bearing of C from B being 060°. c. The angles of elevation of the top of a vertical tower situated at B from A and C are both β. and (−5i − 6j) N act at a point. B. AE is parallel to DC and BCE is a straight line. [3 marks] [4 marks] [2 marks] 22 . b. B. [2 marks] Show that the solution of the differential equation is x= where k is a positive constant.

find the probability that this worker has the disease.7 A random variable X has a Poisson distribution with P(X = 0) = P(X = 1).7 km.02. find E(D) and Var(D).8 km. [2 marks] (ii) Find the mean and standard deviation of the students’ marks. If D is the average daily distance travelled by the newspaper vendor in a week. (iii) Find the median and semi-interquartile range of the students’ marks. For Saturdays and Sundays. 15 like lemons and mangosteens. ⎪0. the mean daily distance travelled by the newspaper vendor is less than 12 km. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 0 1 1 0 2 1 4 2 3 7 9 2 2 6 8 3 3 4 2 Key: 9 1 means 91 marks (i) Find the percentage of students who obtain less than 40 marks and the percentage of students who obtain at least 80 marks. ⎩ where a and b are constants. 18 like lemons and nutmegs. 23 [5 marks] [4 marks] [4 marks] . [3 marks] (ii) a student chosen at random likes mangosteens and nutmegs but does not like lemons. the daily distance travelled has mean 11 km and standard deviation 0. Find E(X2). in a randomly chosen week. A positive result suggests that the worker has the disease. ≤ ≤3 f(x) = ⎨ 4 otherwise. [6 marks] 9 Among 100 students in a school. 40 like lemons. 56 like nutmegs. [5 marks] 8 One in a thousand foreign workers is known to have a certain disease. the probability of a negative result is 0. Comment on the answer you obtain. (iv) Construct a boxplot for the above data.. [7 marks] (ii) Find the probability that a battery produced by the manufacturer lasts more than 2 years and 4 months. Determine the values of a and b. (i) It is found that 50 out of 100 batteries produced by the manufacturer have lifetimes of less than 2 years. Assuming that D has a normal distribution. 11 ≤xx≤ 3. [4 marks] 10 The distance travelled by a newspaper vendor in a residential district for each weekday (Monday to Friday) has mean 13 km and standard deviation 0. Find the probability that (i) a student chosen at random likes only lemons. but the test is not perfect. If the result of a test on a foreign worker is positive. the probability of a positive result is 0. find the probability that. If a foreign worker has the disease. [3 marks] 12 The data shown in the stemplot below are the marks in a statistics course obtained by a group of students at a local institution of higher learning. and 11 do not like any of the three fruits. If a foreign worker does not have the disease. The distances travelled on different days may be assumed to be independent. [7 marks] 11 A maufacturer produces a type of car battery with a lifetime of X years which is a random variable having the probability density function 9 ⎧ 2 ⎪ax + bx − . Result from a routine screening of a foreign worker may be positive or negative. 62 like mangosteens.01. 10 like all the three fruits.

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