Lesson Plan Title : EDSA Revolution Meetings: 1 (40 min.) I. Coverage A. Definitions 1.

People Power – the collective strength of a nation as they work together toward a common cause 2. revolution – a movement for change 3. civil disobedience – a refusal to obey several laws in order to influence legislation or policy B. Events during the People Power Revolution C. The Role of the Media in the Revolution II. Behavioral Objectives : At the end of the lesson, the pupil should be able to a. describe the events in the EDSA Revolution b. describe the role of the common “tao” and the media during the revolution c. justify the civil disobedience done by the people, as suggested Cory Aquino d. infer on the reasons that held the soldiers from destroying Camp Crame and Aguinaldo

III. Motivational Activity 1. Divide the class into 6 groups. Give one of the following pictures to each group: • Corazon Aquino • Fidel V. Ramos • Juan Ponce Enrile • Ferdinand Marcos • common people (masses) • religious leaders (Archbishop Sin, Priests, Nuns) 2. The teacher says an event or an activity. Within a given period of time, the groups will raise their picture if the person in their picture led or is involved directly in the said activity/event. 3. Groups with correct answers get points. The group with the most points wins. Lesson Proper Concepts REVIEW (Events that led to the EDSA Revolution) IV. Teacher/ Student Activity Question-and-Answer Flow of Questions What is the cause of the snap elections on Feb. 7, 1986? What is KBL? How did Cory Aquino respond to the results of the snap elections? How about the religious leaders, like Cardinal Sin, and the CBCP? How large was the impact made by these two officials? What positive characteristics did they show?

February 22, 1986 Minister Juan Ponce Enrile of the National Defense and Vice Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Fidel V. Ramos broke away from the Marcos regime.

Discuss the start of the revolution Discuss: It was said that they did this even though they are fully aware that they will get arrested, together with the RAM (Reform the Armed Forces Movement), candidates of the opposing party and leaders of the Catholic church. Describe the status of PTV-4

Who can guess what their challenge for Marcos was? What did Enrile and Ramos use

Marcos announced through PTV-

4 that RAM planned to overthrow the government but they failed. Enrile stayed at Camp Aguinaldo while Ramos stayed at Camp Crame. Agapito Aquino and Archbishop Jaime Cardinal Sin called all the people listening to Radio Veritas to go to EDSA and the camps and help the rebels.

to bring the message to Marcos? What, in turn, was Marcos’ challenge for them (FVR, Enrile)?

Describe the role of the media during the revolution

Who is Agapito Aquino? Who are the “rebels” in this context? Do you think it is necessary for the Archbishop to join the revolution? Why or why not?

Within an hour, EDSA was filled with people.
February 23, 1986 Enrile moved to Camp Crame in the afternoon. The people mediated between the soldiers of Malacanang and Enrile. Many soldiers went to Camp Crame.

Show pictures of people who joined the People Power Revolution Help them imagine the scene

What can you infer about the condition of the streets and the people that afternoon? What do you think are the soldiers’ reactions? At this stage, who is winning the revolution? What was the next course of action? Why do they need to do this?

The rebel group gained control over the media like radio and TV stations and the secret arsenal, and also the support of the soldiers. People in Manila united with the soldiers in Camp Crame. Filipinos at the camp shared everything they have.

Describe the events at the camps, expressways, radio and TV stations, and other buildings

What are other ways done by the Filipinos to show their unity? Describe how the people help each other and the rebels at the camps What can Filipinos who live far do to help? Filipinos who live far and in the provinces offered their prayers for a bloodless revolution. The important idea of the revolution: Filipinos helped each other in order to attain a fair, just, and democratic society. February 25, 1986 At Club Filipino: Corazon C. Aquino and her running partner, Salvador “Doy” Laurel were proclaimed President and Vice President of the New Government.

Because of this, what are the titles that Cory gained?

Malacanang Palace: Noontime, Marcos was declared President before the Supreme Court. The inauguration of Marcos was aired at Channel 9 but it suddenly stopped. On the same day, Marcos escaped with his family and some of his friends aboard 4 helicopters sent by the US. (from Clark Air Base to Hawaii)

Discuss: The inauguration of Marcos was very different from his previous ones.

What made his inauguration different from before? Where was Arturo Tolentino? Why did the airing of Marcos’ inauguration stop? What does this signify? Research Question: What is the name of the helicopter that the Marcoses used for escaping?

Discuss how the Filipinos felt after the long fight

What did the Filipinos feel after this news?

V. Assessment 1. Who are the important people involved in the EDSA Revolution? 2. When did the revolution start and end? 3. What are the differences with the inauguration of Cory Aquino and Ferdinand Marcos? 4. What positive traits and attitudes are shown by the Filipinos that led to their success in the revolution? VI. Homework Tell what would have happened if the following events took place: 1. soldiers went ahead with harming the people/ civilians/rebels as directed by Marcos? 2. People Power did not take place? 3. the media and the Catholic church did not participate? 4. Marcos was not brought to Hawaii by the Americans?

Prepared by: Frances Danielle G. Cruz

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