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# Hanifah Atsariyana

(XII IA 5 / 10)
TUGAS MATEMATIKA MATRIKS

𝑥−𝑦 2𝑥 − 1 45 9
1. Nilai x yang memenuhi persamaan matriks ( )+ ( )=
−3 5 4𝑦 − 3 𝑥 + 𝑦
40 50
94 60
Jawab :

2x + 1 + 9 = 50
2x = 50 - 10
x = 20 (D)

𝑥 1 3 2 1 0
2. Diketahui matriks = ( ) , 𝐵= ( ) , 𝑑𝑎𝑛 𝐶 = ( ) . Nilai x+y yang
−1 𝑦 1 0 −1 2
Jawab :
3𝑥 + 2 2𝑥 + 0
∎ 𝐴𝐵 = ( )
−3 + 𝑦 −2 + 0
3𝑥 + 2 2𝑥
=( )
−3 + 𝑦 −2

6 4
∎ 2𝐵 = ( )
2 0
∎ 𝐴𝐵 − 2𝐵 = 𝐶
3𝑥 + 2 2𝑥 + 0 6 4 1 0
( )−( )= ( )
−3 + 𝑦 −2 + 0 2 0 −1 −2

⟺ 2𝑥 − 4 = 0
𝑥=2
⟺ −3 + 𝑦 − 2 = −1
𝑦=4

∎𝒙+𝒚=𝟔 (𝑪)

cos 𝑥 sin 𝑥
3. Jika 𝑃 = ( ) dan I matriks identitas berordo 2 x 2 P2 – I = …
𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥
Jawab :
cos 𝑥 sin 𝑥 cos 𝑥 sin 𝑥 1 0
𝑃2 − 𝐼 = ( )( )−( )
𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 0 1
2 2
= ( 𝑐𝑜𝑠 𝑥 + 𝑠𝑖𝑛 𝑥 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 + 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 )
𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 + 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑠 2 𝑥 + 𝑠𝑖𝑛2 𝑥
0 2𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥
=( )
2𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 0
𝟎 𝒄𝒐𝒔𝒙
= 𝟐𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒙 ( ) (E)
𝒄𝒐𝒔𝒙 𝟎
3 2
4. Jika 𝐴 = ( ) maka A2 – A= …
0 3
Jawab :
9 12 3 2
𝐴2 − 𝐴 = ( )−( )
0 9 0 3
𝟔 𝟏𝟎
=( ) (𝑨)
𝟎 𝟔

2 1
5. Jika 𝐴 = ( ) dan A2 = mA + nI, dengan I matriks identitas ordo 2 x 2, nilai m dan
−4 3
Jawab :
𝐴2 = 𝑚𝐴 + 𝑛𝐼
2 1 2 1 2 1 1 0
( )( ) = 𝑚( )+𝑛( )
−4 3 −4 3 −4 3 0 1
0 5 2𝑚 𝑚 𝑛 0
( )=( )+( )
−20 5 −4𝑚 3𝑚 0 𝑛
⟺ 𝑚=5

⟺ 2𝑚 + 𝑛 = 0

𝑛 = −10

(5;-10) (C)

𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 −𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥
6. Diketahui persamaan matriks ( ) 𝐴 = (𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 ). Matriks 3A= …
𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥
Jawab :
𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 −𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥
( )𝐴 = ( )
𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥
1 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥
𝐴 = 𝑠𝑖𝑛2 𝑥+𝑐𝑜𝑠2 𝑥 ( )( )
−𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥
𝑠𝑖𝑛2 𝑥 + 𝑐𝑜𝑠 2 𝑥
=( )
−𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 + 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥

= (10)

𝟑
𝟑𝑨 = ( ) (𝑨)
𝟎
𝑎 4
7. Diketahui persamaan matriks A=2Bt dengan 𝐴 = ( ) 𝑑𝑎𝑛 𝐵 =
2𝑏 3𝑐
2𝑐 − 3𝑏 2𝑎 + 1
( ). Nilai c= …
𝑎 𝑏+7
Jawab :
2𝑐 − 3𝑏 𝑎
𝐵𝑡 = ( )
2𝑎 + 1 𝑏+7
4𝑐 − 6𝑏 2𝑎
2𝐵 𝑡 = ( )
4𝑎 + 2 2𝑏 + 14
𝐴 = 2𝐵 𝑡
𝑎 4 4𝑐 − 6𝑏 2𝑎
( )=( )
2𝑏 3𝑐 4𝑎 + 2 2𝑏 + 14
∎ 2𝑎 = 4 a=2

∎ 4𝑎 + 2 = 2𝑏  b = 5

∎ 4𝑐 − 6𝑏 = 𝑎  𝐜 = 𝟖 (𝐃)

4 𝑥−2 −6 8 3 1 0 3
8. Jika ( )+( ) = 2( )( ) , maka nilai x = …
3 2 −11 −6 −2 4 −1 1
Jawab :
4 𝑥−2 −6 8 3 1 0 3
( )+( ) = 2( )( )
3 2 −11 −6 −2 4 −1 1
−2 𝑥 + 6 −1 10
( ) = 2( )
−8 −4 −8 −4
𝑥 + 6 = 20

𝒙 = 𝟏𝟒 (𝑫)

log 𝑎 log 𝑏
9. Diketahui A = ( ), dengan a dan b bilangan bulat. Jika det A=1, nilai a dan b
−1 1
Jawab :
log 𝑎 log 𝑏
𝐴=( )
−1 1
|𝐴| = 1

log 𝑎 − (− log 𝑏) = 1

log 𝑎𝑏 = log 10

𝑎𝑏 = 10

⟹ (𝑎, 𝑏) = (5; 2) (2; 5) (10; 1) (1; 10)

𝑘𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑎𝑙𝑖  (−𝟏; 𝟏𝟎) (𝐁)
4
log 𝑦 𝑥 2
log 𝑦 log 𝑧 2
10. Nilai x yang memenuhi persamaan matriks ( 3 ) = ( 1 ) adalah ...
1 log 𝑦 1 2
Jawab :
4
𝑥
log 𝑦 𝑧
log 𝑧 log 𝑧 2
( 3 ) = ( 1)
1 log 𝑦 1
2
2
⟺ log 𝑧 = 2  𝑧 = 4
1
⟺ 3log 𝑦 =
2
1
3
log 𝑦 = 3log 32  𝑦 = √3

⟺ 4log 𝑧 = 𝑥log 𝑦
4
log 4 = √3log
√3  𝐱 = √𝟑 (A)

3 6
11. Jika matriks A = ( ) maka nilai x yang memenuhi persamaan |𝐴 − 𝑥𝐼| = 0 dengan I
7 2
matriks satuan dan |𝐴 − 𝑥𝐼| determinan dari A- xI adalah….
Jawab :
|𝐴 − 𝑥𝐼| = 0
3 6 1 0
|( )−𝑥( )| = 0
7 2 0 1
3−𝑥 6−0
|( )| = 0
7−0 2−𝑥
(3𝑥)(2𝑥) − 42 = 0

6 − 3𝑥 − 2𝑥 + 𝑥 2 − 42 = 0

𝑥 2 − 5𝑥 + 36 = 0

(𝑥 − 9)(𝑥 + 4)

𝑥 = 9 | 𝑥 = −4  − 𝟒; 𝟗 (𝐀)

3 2 3 −2 𝑎 𝑏
12. Diketahui P= ( ) dan Q = ( ). Jika 𝑄 −1 𝑃 = ( ) maka nilai dari a + d =
2 2 −1 1 𝑐 𝑑
Jawab :
𝑎 𝑏
𝑄 −1 𝑃 = ( )
𝑐 𝑑
1 1 2 3 2 𝑎 𝑏
( )( )=( )
1 1 3 2 2 𝑐 𝑑
3+4 2+4 𝑎 𝑏
( )=( )
3+6 2+6 𝑐 𝑑
7 6 𝑎 𝑏
( )=( )
9 8 𝑐 𝑑
𝑎 + 𝑑 = 7 + 8 = 𝟏𝟓 (𝑬)
1 2 4 3
13. Matriks P berordo 2 x 2 yang memenuhi persamaan ( ) 𝑃= ( ) adalah ….
3 4 2 1
Jawab :
1 4 −2 4 3
𝑃= ( )( )
4 − 6 −3 1 2 1
1 12 10
=− ( )
2 −10 −8
−𝟔 −𝟓
=( ) (𝑪)
𝟓 𝟒

4 3
14. Diketahui matriks 𝐴 = ( ) dan A2 = xA+yI ; x, y bilangan real, I matriks
−2 −1
identitas dengan ordo 2 x 2. Nilai x – y= …
Jawab :
A2 = xA + yI
10 9 4 3 1 0
( ) = 𝑥( )+𝑦( )
−6 −5 −2 −1 0 1
10 9 4𝑥 3𝑥 𝑦 0
( )= ( )+( )
−6 −5 −2𝑥 −𝑥 0 𝑦

3𝑥 + 0 = 9  x = 3

4𝑥 + 𝑦 = 10  y = −2

⟺ 𝑥 − 𝑦 = 3 − (−2) = 𝟓 (𝑬)

0 3 1 −5 7 2
15. Diketahui matriks A = ( ), 𝐵= ( ) ,𝐶 = ( ) . Nilai k yang
4𝑘 + 5 −1 2 8 3 1
Jawab :
A + B = C−1

0 3 4 3 1 1 −2
( )+( )= ( )
−2 −1 −2 −1 1 −3 7
4𝑘 + 5 + 2 = −3

4𝑘 = −10
𝟏
𝒌 = −𝟐 (𝑫)
𝟐
2 1 1
16. Persamaan matriks (1 𝑥) ( ) ( ) = 0 mempunyai dua akar positif x1 dan x2. Jika
𝑝 2 𝑥
x1=4x2 maka nilai p= …
Jawab :
2 1 1 ⟺ 𝑥1 = 4𝑥2
(1 𝑥) ( )( ) = 0
𝑝 2 𝑥
𝑥1 = 2
1
(2 + 𝑥𝑝)(𝑥 + 2𝑥) ( ) = 0
𝑥 −𝑏
𝑥1 + 𝑥2 =
𝑎
2 + 𝑥𝑝 + (𝑥 + 2𝑥 2 ) = 0
1 −(1 + 𝑝)
2𝑥 2 + (1 + 𝑝)𝑥 + 2 = 0 2+ =
2 2
𝑐 5 = −1 − 𝑝
⟺ 𝑥1 ∙ 𝑥2 =
𝑎
𝒑 = −𝟔 (𝑨)
2
𝑥1 ∙ 𝑥2 =
2
4𝑥2 ∙ 𝑥2 = 1
1
𝑥22 =
4
1
𝑥2 =
2

−1 0 1 0
17. Jika ( ) 𝑑𝑎𝑛 ( ) maka A2 – 6A + 3I= …
0 −1 0 1
Jawab :
𝐴2 − 6𝐴 + 3𝐼 = 1(𝐼) + 6𝐼 + 3𝐼

= 10𝐼

= −𝟏𝟎𝑨 (𝑩)

2 3 −1 −4 2 3𝑛 + 2
18. Diketahui matriks 𝐴 = ( ) ,𝐵 = ( ) , 𝑑𝑎𝑛 𝐶 ( ). Nilai n yang
5 1 2 3 −6 −18
Jawab :
A × B = C + At
2 3 −1 −4 2 3𝑛 + 2 1 −3
( )( )=( )+( )
5 1 2 3 −6 −18 −5 2
4 1 3 3𝑛 − 1
( )=( )
2 3 −11 −6
3𝑛 − 1 = 1
𝟐
𝒏 = 𝟑 (𝑪)
1 2 3 2
19. Jika 𝐴 = ( ) 𝑑𝑎𝑛 ( ) maka A-1B = ...
1 3 2 2
Jawab :
1 3 −2 3 2
𝐴−1 𝐵 = ( )( )
1 −1 1 2 2
9−4 6−4
=( )
−3 + 2 −2 + 2
𝟓 𝟐
=( ) (𝑩)
−𝟏 𝟎

1 −1 4 𝑥 −3
𝑦
20. Jika X adalah penyelesaian dari persamaan (3 1 −2) ( ) = ( 12 )
2 1 −3 𝑧 11
Jawab :
1 −1 4 𝑥 −3
(3 1 −2) (𝑦) = ( 12 )
2 1 −3 𝑧 11
𝑥 − 𝑦 + 4𝑧 −3
(3𝑥 + 𝑦 − 2𝑧) = ( 12 )
2𝑥 + 𝑦 − 3𝑧 11

⟺ 𝑥 − 𝑦 + 4𝑧 = −3
2𝑥 + 𝑦 − 3𝑧 = 11
+
3𝑥 + 𝑧 = 8

⟺ 3𝑥 + 𝑦 − 2𝑧 = 12
2𝑥 + 𝑦 − 3𝑧 = 11

𝑥+𝑧 = 1

⟺ 3𝑥 + 𝑧 = 8
𝑥+𝑧 =1
7 −
𝑥=2

⟺ 𝑥+𝑧 =1
5
𝑧= −
2

⟺ 𝑥 − 𝑦 + 4𝑧 = −3
7 5
− 𝑦 + 4 (− ) = −3
2 2
7 20
𝑦= − +3
2 2
7
𝑦= −
2
𝒙 𝟑, 𝟓
⟺ (𝒚) = (−𝟑, 𝟓) (𝑬)
𝒛 −𝟐, 𝟓