HISTORY OF MAGNESIUM

DATE: 1755 PLACE: England SCIENTIST: Joseph Black recognized magnesium as an element in 1755. Sir Humphrey Davy isolated it in 1808 and A.A.B in 1831. EXPERIMENT/SET-UP/SITUATION: The metal itself was first producedin England by Sir Humphry Davy in 1808 using electrolysis of a mixture of magnesia and HgO. The French scientist Antoine Bussy obtained the metal in coherent form by heating magnesium chloride and potassium in a tube. OLD NAME: Davy's first suggestion for a name was magnium, but the name magnesium is now used. Magnesium got its name from a district in the Greek region of Thessaly called Magnesia.
IMPORTANT USES • It is used in aeroplane and missile parts when alloyed with

Bussy prepared it in coherent form

aluminium or copper because of its lightness and many of these alloys are resistant to corrosion; in artificial limbs, vacuum cleaners, skis, and wheelbarrows. • Magnesium is used in medicine, where magnesium oxide is used as antacids; as the laxative “milk of magnesia” and in sugar refining, which is formed by the reacting of magnesium salt and sodium hydroxide magnesium hydroxide, and magnesium sulfate,well known as Epsom salt which is used to treat minor skin abrasions. • It is used in the manufacture of fireworks and marine flares where a brilliant white light is required (magnesium powder). On burning in air, magnesium produces a brilliant white light. PROPERTIES become rough. Powder may be fine or coarse depending on size of particles. Smell: *magnesium ion- sourtasting *magnesium sulfate-bitter
Andrea Isabel Contreras

Color: silvery-white Feel: Ribbon is smooth but on exposure to air it may

H2O.738 g·cm−3 Viscosity: 1.25 cp at 650ºC Reactive to: HCl.CO2 Andrea Isabel Contreras .O2. N2.Boiling point: 1090°CMelting point: 650°C Density: 1.

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