Fourth-Generation Cellular Communication System PREPARED BY PRAHALLAD BADAPANDA F.C.S.A JNV, DEOGARH, ORISSA


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Introduction Evolution of Data Standards WiMAX The Road Ahead Closing Thoughts

but rather a collection of technologies and protocols aimed at creating fully packet-switched networks optimized for data. .4G DEFINITION 3G 2G 1G 0G 4G Fourth Generation Cellular Communication (4G) 4G is not one defined technology or standard. 4G networks are projected to provide speeds of 100 Mbps while moving and 1 Gbps while stationary.

The radio telephone system contained one central antenna tower per region. and briefcases. radio telephones were connected to the public telephone network and were typically mounted in cars.EVOLUTION OF DATA STANDARDS 3G 2G 1G 0G 4G Zero Generation Mobile Systems (0G) The radio telephone system preceded modern cellular mobile telephony technology (1G). Unlike closed radio systems. The number of radio telephones per region was limited by the number of available channels. The central antenna required radio phones to have a powerful transmitter. . capable of transmitting up to 50 miles. trucks.

. allowing millions to use cell phones simultaneously. 1G cell phone technology encompassed analog standards introduced in the 1980s and continued until replaced by 2G digital cell phones.EVOLUTION OF DATA STANDARDS 3G 2G 1G 0G 4G First Generation Cellular Communication (1G) The 1G cellular telephone system divided cities into small cells. This division allowed extensive frequency reuse across a city.

iDEN: Proprietary network used by Nextel in the US .PDC: Used exclusively in Japan CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) .IS-95: Commonly referred to as CDMA and used in the Americas and parts of Asia .EVOLUTION OF DATA STANDARDS 3G 2G 1G 0G 4G  Second Generation Cellular Communication (2G) 2G digital technologies can be divided into two standards: TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) .GSM: Originally from Europe but used worldwide .

3G networks deliver broadband capacity and support greater numbers of voice and data customers at lower incremental costs than 2G. emails and instant messaging) over the same network simultaneously.W-CDMA: Wideband Multiple Access . .EVOLUTION OF DATA STANDARDS 3G 2G 1G 0G 4G  Third Generation Cellular Communication (3G) 3G networks provide the ability to transfer voice data and non-voice data (music downloads.EVDO: Standards: Code Division Evolution-Data Optimized .

3G Leading U. Carrier 3G EVDO network currently averages 400 to 700 Kbps with peak rates up to 2 Mbps. 4G Less Complexity. 4G International Carrier is testing 4G communication at 100 Mbps while moving.S. . Faster Transmission Unlike the 3G networks which are a combination of circuit switched and packet switched networks. and 1 Gbps while stationary. This will allow low-latency data transmission.3G VS. 4G will be based on packet switching only.

3G VS. 4G 3G Mbps 4G 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2G 1G 0G 3G 4G .

.4G POSSIBILITIES 3G 2G 1G 0G 4G  Enhanced Mobile Gaming Experience enhanced wireless capabilities that deliver mobile gaming interaction with latency less than five milliseconds. Play online multiplayer games while traveling at high speeds or sitting outside.

. watch movies and listen to your personal music collection.4G POSSIBILITIES 3G 2G 1G 0G 4G Personal Media Repository Create a personal media repository that can be accessed from home and on the road to view photos.

decide if you want to personally respond when someone rings your front door while you are away from home.4G POSSIBILITIES 3G 2G 1G 0G 4G Virtual Presence Use hologram-generating virtual reality programs that provide an artificial presence just about anywhere. . For example.

. 4G will provide the first opportunity for broadband access in remote locations without an infrastructure to support cable or DSL access. In addition.4G POSSIBILITIES 3G 2G 1G 0G 4G Broadband Access in Remote Locations 4G networks will provide a wireless alternative for broadband access to residential and business customers.

.16-2004) .WIMAX   World Interoperability for Microwave Access There are two main applications of WiMAX: 1) Fixed WiMAX (IEEE 802.Mobile WiMAX offers the full mobility of cellular networks at true broadband speeds.Fixed WiMAX applications are point-to-multipoint enabling the delivery of last mile wireless broadband access as an alternative to cable and DSL for homes and businesses.16e-2005) . 2) Mobile WiMAX (IEEE 802.

WIMAX Fixed WiMAX Architecture .

WIMAX Mobile WiMAX Architecture .

mobile equipment testing typically takes between 12 to 18 months before the equipment is introduced to the consumer market. .WIMAX ADOPTION Fixed WiMAX Adoption Fixed WiMAX is currently available however the adoption rate is impacted by the high cost of equipment in comparison to cable or DSL. However. Fixed WiMAX provides greater benefits for developing countries that do not already have physical infrastructure to support wired broadband access. Mobile WiMAX Adoption Mobile WiMAX equipment will arrive to carriers toward the end of 2007.

Wi-Fi uses shared spectrum and operates at short distances. private networks (where usage of the network is constrained to an office building or campus) or free public systems (where service guarantees are not required). licensed spectrum and provides Wi-Fi-like service with guaranteed performance to larger public areas. making it ideal for low-cost. . WiMAX uses private.WIMAX VS. similar in coverage to cellular networks today. WI-FI   WiMAX / Wi-Fi Comparison WiMAX and Wi-Fi are somewhat independent. addressing slightly different needs.


4G ACCESS OPTIONS  Embed 4G technology into all end-user devices Develop mobile personal gateways Develop external interfaces with 4G peripherals   .

Embedded Laptop Partnerships .

Potential 4G Peripherals Smaller footprint peripherals have a greater potential to support multiple devices. PCMCIA Express Card USB Compact Flash Secure Digital .

Availability of Peripheral Interfaces Video Camera Digital Camera Xbox 360 Laptop USB Bluetooth Wi-Fi SD I/O Card Slot Firewire Port Ethernet Port PCMCIA ExpressCard 34 Slot ExpressCard 54 Slot Desktop PDA PSP PS3 Source: Availability based on direct interface or available adapters .

the rollout of mobile broadband will have a profound impact on the way we work and live. . Closing Thoughts As carriers begin to rollout 3G the term 4G may be rendered meaningless by lack of definition. or could spell its premature demise.Closing Thoughts The lack of clarity and overuse of the term 4G could prove its biggest opportunity. However.

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