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S IS ION COMM
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director
Composed by: Mr. Zulfiqar Ali, HEC, Islamabad
1. 2. Introduction Unified Framework B.E/B.Sc of Environmental Engineering. Scheme of Studies Details of Courses 6 8
Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socioeconomics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education. In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of ViceChancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. The engineering degree will devote 65-70% of the curriculum towards engineering courses, and 35--30% to non Engineering courses. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Environmental Engineering meeting held on March 6-8 2008 at the HEC Lahore, in continuation of its earlier meeting held on August 21-23, 2007 at HEC Regional Centre, Karachi, revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Special Committee, duly approved by the competent authority, is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions.
DR.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics July 2008
STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV
CURRI. UNDER CONSIDERATION
CURRI. IN DRAFT STAGE
COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI, R&D, INDUSTRY & COUNCILS
APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP
PREP. OF FINAL CURRI.
CONS. OF NCRC.
FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC
COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRI.
PREP. OF DRAFT BY NCRC
IMPLE. OF CURRI.
NCRC. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. EXP. COL. UNI. Vice-Chancellor’s Committee Experts Colleges Universities
ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI, HEC
BACK TO STAGE-I
PREP. Preparation REC. LI R&D HEC Recommendations Learning Innovation Research & Development Organization Higher Education Commission
Lahore Dr. Dr. Nawabshah Mr. Dr. Dr. Department. Head of the Department Environmental Studies Centre.. Perveen Akhter. Khan Muhammad Brohi. Peshawar Prof. Jamshoro Mr. Prof. Saleem Raza Samo. 2008. Aurangzeb Khan. Hamdard University. Muhammad Shafqat Ejaz. Peshawar Prof.. Abdul Jabbar Bari. Institute of Environmental Engineering. NED University of Engineering & Technology. Quaid-e-Awam University of Engg. University of Peshawar. M. Karachi 6 Convener Member Member Member Member Member Member Member .O. University of Engineering & Technology. Professor and Director. Nilore. Chairman Department of Environmental Engg. The following participated in the Meeting: Dr.INTRODUCTION Final Meeting of the National Curriculum Revision Committee was held in HEC Regional Centre Lahore from 6 to 8 March. Islamabad. Department of Energy & Environment Engg. Health Physics Division. Mohammad Aslam Khan. PINSTECH P. Deputy Chief Scientist. Mehran University of Engg & Technology. Science & Technology (QUEST). Q Jehangir Durrani. University of Engineering & Technology. Head. Department of Civil & Environmental Engg. Professor. Dr.. Mechanical Engg. Foreign Professor. A. Karachi Prof.
c. Lalkurti. Following which the Committee discussed and finalized the list of the courses and assigned credit hours as per the framework approved by HEC and PEC jointly. Tamiz-ud-Din Road. Minimum credit hours required per semester may be adjusted as per revised curriculum. The Committee also re-examined the preliminary draft course contents and finalized. the Committee made the following recommendations: • In order to improve the communication skills of the students every student should make a presentation at the end of each engineering course Although three courses have been recommended by the committee in English and Computers in view of HEC guidelines. b. it is felt that two courses each will suffice the requirements in both cases. The National Curriculum Revision Committee agreed upon the following: a.17 Percent of non-engineering courses 33.83 Where annual system is in vogue. Rawalpindi Member / Secretary The meeting commenced with the recitation from the Holy Quran. National University of Sciences & Technology. the scheme of study will be tailored accordingly. Associate Professor. Zahiruddin Khan. Total credit hours 133 (3 credit hours to this may be added by universities through an elective course by themselves) Number of semesters 8 Percent engineering courses 66.Dr. Further. Institute of Environmental Science & Engg. d. Capacity of the teaching and laboratories staff may also be enhanced through refresher courses as needed. • • • • 7 . The Convener of the Committee welcomed the participants and explained the objectives of the meeting. The laboratories may be upgraded as per revised courses recommended.
70% (66.30 13.90 Social Sciences 2 2 0 2 5 10.62 2 0 2 Management sciences 2 0 2 3 6 8.83 8.18 (17) Engineering Domain Courses: 65 .17 4 12 38.136 Number of Credit Hours (CH) per semester: 15 .51 6.Sc OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Duration: 4 years Semester: 8 Number of weeks per semester: 18 (16 for teaching and 2 for examination) Total number of Credit Hours (CH): 133.51 2.38 2.51 2.17) Non-Engineering Domain Course: 30 .UNIFIED FRAMEWORK FOR B.E.35% (33.04 Physics Chemistry Microbiology Sub-Total-I 8 ./B.64 3.90 -- 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 41 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 4 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 45 1 1 1 17 3 3 3 45 100 33.52 Culture Humanities 4 8.83) Number of Contact hours: 199 Non-Engineering Domain Knowledge Area Subject Area Name of Course English-I English English-II English Communication Skills Islamic Studies Pakistan Studies Environmental Issues & Ethics Anthropology / Sociology of Development /Env.90 2.15 6. & Human Interaction / Psychology Engineering Economics Ecological management / Sustainable Development Project Planning & Management Mathematics-I Mathematics-II Math Natural Sciences Mathematics-III Numerical Analysis Applied Physics Environmental Chemistry Environmental Microbiology Lec CH 3 3 2 2 2 3 Lab CH 0 0 1 0 0 0 CR 3 3 Total Cour ses Total Cred its % Area % over all 3 3 2 2 3 2 9 19.
Engineering Domain Knowledge Area Subject Area Fundamentals Computing Programming Design Name of Course Computer Aided Learning Computer Programming Computer Aided Design and Drafting Surveying Engineering Mechanics Mechanics of Solids / GIS & Remote Sensing / Plumbing Design Fluid Mechanics Soil Mechanics Water Pollution Control Introduction to Environmental Engineering Water Supply & Wastewater Engineering Principles of Water and Wastewater Treatment Engineering Hydrology Air & Noise Pollution Control Solid Waste Management Environmental Engineering Lab Techniques Environmental Health & Safety Water Resources & Irrigation Engineering Environmental Impact Assessment Cleaner Production Techniques Energy Resources Management Lec CH 2 1 2 1 3 Lab CH 1 2 2 2 0 CR 3 3 4 3 3 3 10 9.89 6.88 13.52 Total Courses Total Credits % Area % overall 3 1 4 7 25 32.77 2 1 3 3 0 3 9 .67 3 1 4 Major Based Core (Depth) -- 2 1 3 5 17 20.27 16.74 Engineering Foundation -- 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 0 4 4 4 3 3 1 4 3 1 4 Major Based Core (Breadth) -- 3 3 3 2 3 1 1 0 2 1 4 4 3 4 4 6 23 25.97 21.
17 6 4.35 3 0 0 59 100 1 3 3 29 33 4 3 2 3 88 133 25 42 88 100.59 4. 10 .90 -Sub-Total-II Grant Total (I+II) Industrial Training Grand Total 42 133 NOTE: Universities have the option to add course of 3 credit hours in the engineering foundation domain.Interdisciplinary Engineering Breadth (Electives) Senior Design Project Electrical Technology -Thermodynamics Senior Design Project-I Senior Design Project-II 2 1 3 2 7 6.40 2.0 66.
1 English – 1 2 Environmental Issues and Ethics 3 4 5 6 Introduction to Environmental Engineering Computer Aided Learning Surveying Applied Physics Total Lec.E/B. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Course Title Mathematics – 1 English – II Environmental Chemistry Engineering Mechanics Pakistan Studies Introduction to Computer Programming Total Lec.Lab.CH 3 3 2 3 2 1 14 Lab CH 0 0 1 0 0 2 3 Total.Sc Environmental Engineering Semester wise Semester-1 Course Course Title No.CH 3 3 3 3 2 3 17 Semester-3 Course Course Title No.CH Total – CH CH 3 0 3 3 0 3 3 2 1 2 14 0 1 2 1 4 3 3 3 3 18 Semester-2 Course No. 1 Islamic Studies 2 Anthropology/ Sociology of Development/ Environment and Human Interaction/ Psychology 3 Mathematics – II 4 Fluid Mechanics 5 Thermodynamics 6 Environmental Microbiology Total Lec.SCHEME OF STUDIES B. . CH 2 2 Lab CH 0 0 Total – CH 2 2 3 3 3 2 15 0 1 1 1 3 3 4 4 3 18 11 .
1 Water supply and waste water Engineering 2 Numerical Analysis 3 4 5 Soil Mechanics Engineering Hydrology Solid Waste Management Total Lec.CH 2 3 2 2 3 12 Lab CH 0 1 1 2 0 4 Total – CH 2 4 3 4 3 16 12 .Semester-4 Course Course Title No. 1 Project Planning & Management 2 Principles of Water and Waste Water Treatment 3 English Communication Skills 4 5 Environmental Engineering Lab Techniques Elective Course (University Option) Total Lec. CH 3 3 3 3 3 15 Lab CH 1 0 1 1 0 3 Total – CH 4 3 4 4 3 18 Semester-6 Course Course Title No.CH 2 2 3 2 3 2 14 Lab -CH Total – CH 0 2 0 2 0 2 1 1 4 3 4 4 3 18 Semester-5 Course Course Title No. 1 Environmental Economics 2 Ecological Management / Sustainable Development 3 Mathematics – III 4 Computer Aided Design and Drafting 5 Mechanics of Solids/ GIS & Remote Sensing/ Plumbing Design 6 Electrical Technology Total Lec.
1 2 3 4 5 Course Title Environmental Health & Safety Cleaner Production Techniques Environmental Impact Assessment & Management Energy Resources and Management Senior Design Project – II Total Lec.Total –CH CH 1 4 1 1 3 6 4 4 3 15 Semester-8 Course No.Semester-7 Course Course Title No. CH 3 2 2 3 0 10 Lab CH 1 1 1 0 3 6 Total – CH 4 3 3 3 3 16 13 . 1 Water Resources & Irrigation Engineering 2 3 4 Water Pollution Control Air & Noise Pollution Control Senior Design Project – I Total Lec. CH 3 3 3 0 9 Lab .
Sc Environmental Engineering 1. algorithms. ISBN: 0131856448 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER PROGRAMMING Objectives: • • To learn computer languages. peripheral devices. Books Recommended: (Latest edition where possible) 1. use of flow charts. coding. data types and declaration. industry and education.DETAILS OF COURSES B. overview of different browsers including open-source browsers. operation. basic library functions. file storage. basic components. variables and constants. header file and linkage. classification. computers in office. executing and debugging simple programs. programming. pseudo code. introduction to office tools. 14 . “Using Information Technology. Prentice Hall. COMPUTING COMPUTER AIDED LEARNING Objectives: • Teach the structure. control structures. 2007. implementation of simple control structures. To enhance skills of computer programming applications. basic programming techniques. Brian Williams and Stacey Sawyer. William Stallings. implementation of different function styles. I/O cards. introduction to various operating systems. operating systems.E/B. storage media and devices. problem specification. programs and software. programming languages. social impact of computer age. ISBN: 0072260718 2. implementation of simple functions. “Computer Organization and Architecture: Designing for Performance. data organization. memory. input/output. branching. application software. 2006. McGraw-Hill. remark.” Seventh Edition. implementation of Boolean functions. repetition and loops. system software. conditional structures. Lab Outline: Computation of number system. basic machines organization including motherboard. Contents: Introduction: History. termination. flow chart. physical and logical storage. networking devices. arrays. CPU.” Seventh Edition. and applications of computers. compilation and interpretation. memory.
electrical. etc) drawings. decision making statements and loop functions and subroutines. USA. screw thread systems. Internet: Use of web as an academic tool. 3. Mastering Visual Basic 6. pipe connections. Contents: Introduction: Need and requirement of drawings for environmental engineering projects. input/output statements. Visual BASIC and/or Visual C++ Programming. Steven Holzner .Contents: Introduction: Introduction to computer programming. drawing instruments. Drawings at different stages of projects. 15 . air-conditioning. General nature of drawings. Sections of joints. Computer Languages: Fundamentals of FORTRAN. Applications: Programming of simple and elementary environmental engineering problems. components. plumbing.S. Types of projections. Black Book of C++ Evangelos Petroutsos. B. orthographic projections. planning of drawing sheet. Programming Fundamentals: Arithmetic Operations and functions. Program structure and flow charts. Elements of perspective drawing. lettering. Books Recommended (Latest edition where possible) 1. Data and Data Files. • To enhance student skills to prepare and understand drawings for environmental engineering application. dimensioning. preparation of pipelines and sewer profile (longitudinal section. Programming with Structured Basics (Schaum Series). nuts and bolts. 2. McGraw Hill. making of freehand sketches from solid objects and from orthographic projections. plane of projections Isometric and pictorial projections of solids/machine parts. COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN AND DRAFTING Objectives: • To enable students to learn basics of engineering drawing. structural. roads and earth work etc. Types of lines. Gottfried. symbols and nomenclature needed for specific drawings such as architectural. Sybex Computer Books Inc.
Two and three point problems.T.J. Cross hatching. Crossby Lockwood Stamples Granada Publishing. theodolite its types. ENGINEERING FOUNDATION SURVEYING Objectives: • To enable students to understand theory and practice of land surveying. 4. basic edit commands. Civil Engineering Drawing. Contents: Introduction: Introduction to land surveying.Computer Aided Drawing & Drafting: General and basic know how related to computer aided drafting. Layers.. R. Reinforced Concrete Details Manual (Reference Book). EDM Characteristics. Engineering Drawing and Graphics by T. French. Modern Methods in Surveying: Principles of EDMI Operation. plane table surveying. Mastering AutoCad 2000. Practical/Lab. Global Positioning System-GPS 16 . instruments used. 2. basic draw commands. e. Meyers & Boyer. Lahore 6. George Ormura. BPB Publisher 7. Vierck. B. work: Practicals related to the topics covered in theoretical Section. • To develop skills to use the modern survey instruments. C. Computation of areas and volumes by various methods.J. Foster. tachometry. branches and their application. Boughton. Practical Geometry & Engineering Graphics by Abbot. Total Stations. save and plot (2D) and isometric drawings. M. 2nd ed. Civil Engineering Drawing. drawings setup procedure. use in traversing and triangulation. Construction Layout Using Total Stations. Techniques: Chain surveying. Gurcharan Singh. creating text and defining styles options. Engineering Graphics by Craft. London 2.g. Chakarborti. 3. Books Recommended: (Latest edition where possible) 1. Malik Book Dept. 1st ed. 5. terminology. co-ordinate system. block and drawing import/export options. Field Procedures for Total Stations in Topographic Surveys.
W. Prentice Hall 2. velocity. Mikhail. Anderson and Edward M. Prentice Hall. 17 . Equilibrium of two-force and three-force bodies. McGraw Hill 4. triangle and polygon law. Irvine. precise leveling methods and applications to contouring. James M. P.E. Elementary Surveying – An introduction to Geomatics. Surveying for Construction. ENGINEERING MECHANICS Objectives • To understand relationships of forces.Leveling and Contouring: Reduction of levels. statics and dynamics of physical processes. Kinetics and kinematics : Work. McGraw Hill 3. . Newton's laws of motion. SI and British Gravitational (BG –formerly FPS) units. Potential energy. International Student Edition. first moment of area. Rigid Bodies: Geometrical properties of plane areas. Russel. Books Recommended. acceleration and force. Virtual work formulation of equilibrium of coplanar force. Support Reactions. law of gravitation. Harper Collins 5. Field Work: Horizontal and Vertical control. Introduction to Surveying. mass. Surveying principles and Application. Contents: Basic Concepts: Concepts of space. conditions of support and attachment to other bodies. McGraw Hill Book Company. Davis. Rail Road. Kavanagh. time. Degree of restraint and static determinacy. application to simple cases. Wolf P.B. temporary and permanent adjustments of level. 6. Simple cases of resultant and resolution of forces in space. C. Construction Surveys. energy and power. & Ghilani C. Layout of buildings and structures. R. Statically determinate problems especially of civil engineering importance. Surveying Theory and Practice. D. polar second moment of area and radius of gyration. Conditions of equilibrium of co-planer forces. principal axes. System of Forces: Resultant and resolution of co-planer forces using parallelogram. W. (Latest edition where possible) 1. Pipelines and other infrastructures. energy criterion for equilibrium.R. and Brinker. Scalar and vector quantities. centroid. Elementary Surveying. • To develop skills to use the basic principles in engineering applications. analytical and graphical formulations. second moment of area. Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies: Free body concept. stability of equilibrium.
Springs: Open coil springs. New York. Thermal stresses and Compound bars. Shear Stresses in Beams. Poisson’s Ratio. Strain Energy: Strain Energy due to direct loads. Pytel. Beer and E. Engineering Mechanics. Slenderness Ratio. Moduli of elasticity. Harper and Row Publisher 3 Ferdinand P. Stresses in Beams: Theory of simple bending. Prentice Hall. force. Work: Practical related to the topic covered in theoretical section. Russel Johnston Jr. bending moments and torque. Contents: Simple Stress and Strain: Kinds of stresses and strains. Circular Shafts: Theory of Torsion for solid and hollow circular shafts. Engineering Mechanics. Load Extension Diagrams for different Materials. Books Recommended (Latest edition where possible) 1. A. Column and Struts: Axially loaded columns. 2 F. Euler’s Treatment. Hook’s Law. Strength of Material. Lateral strain. Books Recommended (Latest edition where possible) 1 Hibler. Unsymmetrical Bending.L. & F. R. Harper & row Publishers. closed coil springs. • To enhance skills of utilizing material of appropriate strength for environmental engineering application. leaf springs.Singer. Moment of resistance and section modulus. Shear Centre. Singer. Practical/Lab. Application of flexure formula. 18 . Shear Flow. Stresses due to impact loads.L. Volumetric Strain. Vector Mechanics for Engineers MECHANICS OF SOLIDS Objectives: • To learn basics of material strength. Rankine Gordon Formula for short and intermediate columns.Friction: Coulomb's theory of friction. Problems involving friction on flat and curved surfaces.C.
Thomas. Data models and structures. A Z. Dynamic Earth Environment 5. Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences. (2004). Aerial and Satellite Photogrammetry. M. Second Edition ISBN-1879102897 4.REMOTE SENSING AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) Objectives • To introduce different satellites images recorded in different ways and methods of their analysis. Inc. 2nd edition. 11. Rancez. Tokyo. Resolutions. K. Inc. Clarke. 5th edition. 7. P J. Navigational and Earth Resources Satellites. Platforms. 1. 2000. Prentice Hall. 1994. Association on Remote Sensing. K and Dessinov. Arc GIS. Japan 12. Taylor & Francis. Lulla. Lillesand & Ralph W. Arc Info. ERDAS and other software. 1996. Geographic Information Systems (GIS): Spatial Data types and acquiring considerations. New York. L V. Kiefer (2005). John 8. Photogrammetric surveying. Foody. 9. John Wiley & Sons. John 6. 1999. Murai. Positioning systems (GPS/Galileo) Integrating GPS data in GIS. Wiley and Sons. from Regional to Global Scales. The Global Positioning System and GIS: An Introduction. spatial Analysis. Projections and transformations. Inc. Wiley and Sons. Image Processing Techniques. 19 . ISBN-0-415-28608-5 2. Attribute-based operations. Environmental Remote Sensing 10. 3. Remote Sensing (RS): Physical basis of Remote Sensing. Remote Sensing Note. John Wiley and Sons. • To provide an understanding of Remote Sensing & GIS. Classification and Digital Mapping. G M and Curran. Getting started with Geographic Information System. RS/GIS applications in engineering disciplines. Sensors. Books Recommended: (Latest edition where possible) Michael Kennedy (2002). New York. Remote Sensing Observations from Shuttle Mission. Field and Laboratory Work: Trainings on GPS based surveys. S (ed. Remote Sensing and Images Interpretation. Global Positioning System (GPS): Fundamentals of Satellite Systems.). 2nd edition. Inc. their evolution and applications Contents: Introduction to Geoinformatics: Resources of information.
FLUID MECHANICS Objectives: • • To learn basics of fluid mechanics. 1991. compressibility. 18. Lillesand. Norway. liquids and gases. 14. 19. measurement of viscosity. To enhance skills of utilizing fluid environmental engineering application. absolute and gauge pressure.13. pitot tube and pitot-static tube. Differential manometer and Borden gauge. Units and dimensions. Fluid Statics: Pressure intensity and pressure head. buoyancy and Floatation. Vivak IT Publishers. Luder D R Aerial Photographic Interpretation (latest edition). Geographic Information Systems. pressure-specific weight relationship. laminar and turbulent flow. 1992. surface tension. Hydraulics. Solids and fluids. Bernhardsen. Equation of continuity for compressible and incompressible fluids. D R F. Pergamon Press. specific gravity. units of viscosity. 20 . uniform and non-uniform flow. 16. measurement of pressure. Flow Measurement: Viscometer. kinematics. manometer. Orifices and mouthpieces. 15. Newton's equation of viscosity. Hydrodynamics: Different forms of energy in a flowing liquid. streamlines and stream tubes. specific weight. John Wiley and Sons Inc. T M and Kiefer. Energy Line and hydraulic grade line. density. Geographic Information Systems. Bernoulli's equation and its application. Piezo-meter. Physical properties of fluids. pressure transducers. 17. manometer. Venturimeter. Velocity and discharge. T. Forces all submerged planes and curved surfaces and their applications. sharp-crested weirs and notches. Fluid Kinematics: Steady and unsteady flow. Equilibrium of floating and submerged bodies. Viscosity. specific volume. hydrodynamics. Path-lines. mechanics principles for Contents: Introduction: Fluid mechanics. Taylor. R W Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation. Toronto. energy head. free and forced vortex. The Microcomputer and Modern Cartography. hydrostatics.
Permeability and Seepage: Darcy's law. theory of one dimensional consolidation. voids ratio. grain size distribution. soil samplers. factors affecting permeability. Atterberg's limits. wash boring. disturbed and undisturbed samples. Most economical rectangular and trapezoidal sections. degree of saturation.B. 2. compaction standards. Books Recommended: (Latest edition where possible) 1. Fluid Mechanics by Shames McGraw Hill SOIL MECHANICS Objectives: • • To learn various characteristics of soils To enhance the knowledge of geotechnical investigation for application in environmental engineering.. Uniform Flow in Open Cannels: Chazy's and Manning's equations. unit weight and their determination. and geophysical methods.Steady Flow through Pipes: Darcy. Quick sand condition. Physical properties of soil: water content. Contents: Significance. classification systems. test trenches and pits. Field compaction equipment. Soil. Franzini and Fenimore. purpose and methods of soil exploration. auger boring. J. Soil Classification: Importance of classification tests. Introduction to geotechnical report writing. 3. field control and measurements of insitu density. Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Application. mass-volume relationships. hydraulic grade lines and energy lines.M. laboratory and field determination of permeability. Estimation of seepage quantity. moisture density relationship. Pipes in series and parallel. White. Sand boiling Filters. Losses in pipe lines. rotary drilling. Transmission of energy through pipes. porosity. co-efficient of compressibility. capillary and its effects. Daugherty. specific gravity. compression index. Seepage force. Introduction to flow net. Probing. rock and their types and formation. McGraw Hill.L. 21 . factors affecting compaction. Bazin's and Kutter's Formula. Compaction: Fundamentals.Weisbach equation for flow in pipes. McGraw Hill New York Fluid Mechanics by F. assumptions and validity. R. Geotechnical Investigation: Soil exploration. Consolidation: Mechanics of consolidation.
N. Books Recommended (Latest edition where possible) 1. contribution of domestic. Basic Soil Mechanics. Where Possible): 1. irrigation.Edited by R. agricultural. recreation etc. primary and secondary consolidation. and mining effluents to water pollution. Impacts of water pollution: Water pollution and human and ecological health. salt. water treatment Legislation and instruments for water pollution control: Legislation. industrial. Granada Publisher. Water pollution control: A guide to the use of water quality management principles. Elements of Soil Mechanics.Coduto Geotechnical Engineering (Principles and practices) Whitlow. Water quality: Water quality criteria and requirements. London SE1 8HN. R. WATER POLLUTION AND CONTROL Objectives: • • To learn about water pollution and its impacts on the environment. UK ISBN 0419229108 22 . pesticides. G. 3. Oxford BSP. 2. heavy metals. water pollution prevention practices and techniques.time factor. Contents: Types of water pollutants: Organic and inorganic pollutants. Professional Books. Hespanhol Published on behalf of UNESCO.. To learn methods for water pollution control. impacts through food chain. Water pollution control: Source reduction vs end of pipe treatment. Smith. water quality standards for various uses including drinking water. nutrients.N. Donald P. Elements of Foundation Design. WHO and UNEP by E&FN Spon2-6 Boundary Row. regulation and instruments for water pollution control with particular reference to Pakistan Books Recommended: (Latest Ed. Normal and pre-consolidated soils. G. 4. and thermal pollution. transport. coefficient of volume change and degree of consolidation. toxic chemicals. Sources and causes of water pollution: point and non-point sources. Helmer and I. silt. Longman Scientific & Technical Smith.
Strategies for sustainable development. David Krantz and Brad Kifferson. Principles of Environmental Engineering and Science by Mackenzie L Davis and Susan J Masten. 5. 4. Sustainable development. Key elements of Pakistan National Conservation Strategy. Introduction to national environmental problems related to human wastes. The Pakistan National Conservation Strategy. Louis Theodore. Handbook of Environmental Technology. The Mcgraw-Hill Series in Civil and Environmental Engineering)SBN: 0072350539 / 9780072350531 23 . Environmental Policy of Pakistan. industrial wastewaters and solid wastes. 1992. Global. 8. and Mark J. air and radiological pollution. Effects of pollution on human health and environment. global warming. Government of Pakistan and IUCN. water. regional and national environmental issues. Introduction to codes and ethics of environmental engineering Review of national and international codes and ethics in environmental engineering Relationship between ethics and human rights and their importance in human settlements and societies. Islamabad. Books Recommended (Latest edition where possible) 1. 9. Water pollution and Society. Water Pollution in India: Law and Enforcement by Bharat Desai. John Wiley Inc. Population and resource utilization. 3. INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Objective: • To introduce basic concepts and issues related to the environment • To highlight the professional practices in environmental engineering Contents: • • • • • • • • • • • • • Introduction to environment and factors affecting the environment. Vigil Water Supply and Pollution Control by Warren Viessman Jr. Ialamabad Government of Pakistan. Environmental degradation processes and environmental pollution. acid rain. ozone depletion. 7.2. International environmental conventions and treaties. Global environmental issues. 6. Water pollution by Rhonda Lucas Donald Clean Water: An Introduction to Water Quality and Pollution Control by Kenneth M. definition and inter-relationship between its components. Hammer.
Different varieties of water supply pipes. testing and commissioning of distribution systems. Layout of sewers. Fire demand. Sanitary and storm sewers. Overhead reservoirs. Water collection systems for surface water sources. David A. Sewer pipes and beddings. their function. 24 . Hardy cross method for pipe network analysis. Initial investigation for selecting water source. Sewer systems and their layout. 3. Mackenzie L. Estimates of water demand and wastewater flows. by Davis. layouts. Government of Pakistan 3. and Cornwell. Loads on sewers. Government of Pakistan Gazette of Pakistan – Environmental Protection Act 1997. 1008 pages. WHO guideline for drinking water quality. Well troubles and their solution. Design flows for water supply and wastewater systems. construction. Hydraulics of sewers. Design of sanitary and storm sewers. Sources of wastewater. 4. Water source. Wastewater flow rates and variations.2. Design and construction of tube wells. Sewer appurtenances. Water transmission and distribution system. Design of wastewater pumping stations. Drinking water quality and human health. variation in water consumption. Water and wastewater quality parameters. Water quality guidelines and standards. Components. Design period. factors affecting water consumption. 2006 National Conservation Strategy of Pakistan (1992). Introduction to Environmental Engineering. location and capacity. Design of water distribution systems. MAJOR BASED CORE (BREADTH) WATER SUPPLY AND WASTEWATER ENGINEERING Objectives: • • To learn layout and design of water distribution network To learn design of sewer systems Contents: Water supply and wastewater collection systems. Methods for estimation of design population. Valves and fire hydrants used in water supply systems. Water consumption.
Plug flow and completely mixed flow reactors. Aerated lagoons. Filtration. Metcalf and Eddy.Peavy. Softening and Disinfection. Water Treatment: Physical and chemical processes for water treatment: Coagulation. Completely mixed flow reactors with and without solids recycle. McGraw-Hill. Tricking filters and biological towers. 2. Waste Water Engineering 25 . Cornwell.Books Recommended (Latest edition where possible) 1. Biological phosphorus removal aerobic and anaerobic treatment of biosolids. McGrawHill International Edition. McGhee. Contents: Types of Reactors in environmental Engineering: Batch and continuous flow reactors. McGraw Hill Howard S. Introduction to Environmental Engineering. McGrawHill. 1997. Unit Operations & Processes: General process flow diagrams of water and wastewater treatment plants. Books Recommended (Latest books where possible) 1. Environmental Engineering 2. Activated sludge process. 3. Wastewater Treatment: Physical Chemical and Biological wastewater treatment processes. Environmental Engineering PRINCIPLES OF WATER & WASTEWATER TREATMENT Objective: • To understand the design principles of water and wastewater treatment systems. 3rd edition. Biological nitrification and denitrification. Terence J. Waste stabilization ponds. Davis. Mackenzie L. sedimentation. 6th edition. David A. Gerard Kiely. flocculation. Water Supply and Sewerage.
Lewis. evapo-transpiration. hydrograph separation. Application of probability in determining maxima/minima of discharge. Solar radiation as a source of heat. Hydrology for Engineers by (Latest edition) Linsley. pumping test. McGraw Hill. Book Recommended (Latest edition where possible) 1. Chin. and Joseph L. hydrological cycle. Groundwater: Introduction. Introduction to Hydrology. Characteristic of Hydrograph. groundwater hydraulics. Measuring devices of above mentioned parameters.ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY Objective: • To learn about importance of hydrology and its application in environmental engineering Contents: Introduction: Hydrology. Global climate change. measurement of evaporation. frequency and duration analysis. Stream Flow: Water stage and its measurement. Types of histogram and distribution. Water table and confined and unconfined aquifers. relative humidity. interpretation of precipitation data. Meteorology: The atmosphere and its composition. 26 . 4. Reservoir routing. 2. Water Resources Engineering. introduction to unit hydrograph concept. air temperature. Water Resources Engineering. S-curve. Paulhus. Kohler. John Wiley & Sons. estimating the volume of storm runoff. Precipitation: Types of precipitation. Jr. channel routing. R. Evaporation and Transpiration: Factors affecting evaporation. methods of measurement of stream flow. Saturation deficit. estimating the volume of direct runoff. measurement of precipitation. factors necessary for precipitation. J. computation of average rainfall over a basin. Linsley. dew point. interpretation of stream flow data. Warren Viessman. selection of site for stage recorder. Flood Control. and Gary L. importance and practical uses of hydrology. Franzini. 3. sources and discharge of ground water. K. Max A. David. Runoff & Hydrographs: Factors affecting runoff. selection of control and metering section.. A. K. components of a hydrograph. 4th Edition R. Stream Flow Routing Introduction to floods and its causes.
fog etc. Types. Air pollution and human health. Waste collection. Nevers (1995) McGraw Hill. causes and control. Fuel and engine based air pollution. causes and control. test procedures. Generation. Methods. Elementary study of dispersion models: Haze. Contents: Sources (Municipal. Nuclear. Industrial. transport and disposal. Regulatory compliance. Immobilization. Air Pollution Control Engineering by N. Practical / Lab. Compositions. Air quality standards. smog. vehicular exhaust emission.D. Legislation and regulation in Pakistan. work: Practicals related to the topics covered in theoretical section. Field Visits Books Recommended Books: (Latest edition where possible) 1. 2. 3. scavenging. Properties: Physical. • To learn mitigation techniques for air and noise pollution. Noise pollution: Sources. aerosols and organic vapors. pyrolysis. etc). Perkins MC Graw Hill Noise Pollution by Tripathy. Vitrification. Hospital. Contents: Air Pollution: Sources. Incineration and its impacts. causes and control. Waste minimization and recycling. Air Pollution by H. Radioactive pollution: sources.AIR AND NOISE POLLUTION CONTROL Objectives: • To learn about air and noise pollutants and their impacts on the environment. Fuel and engine based noise pollution Noise quality standards in Pakistan. Stationary and mobile sources. Debipras SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Objective: • To learn about various techniques used for solid waste management. Landfills Types. transfer.C. Disposal and Management Techniques: Composting and its types . Siting and design 27 . Chemical and Biological. Methods used for controlling air borne emissions of gases.
H. and Oil analyses. including surface water. McGraw Hill 2. radiometery. Theory and principles of instrumental techniques such as liquid chromatography. gas chromatography. hardness. and wastewater.. HPLC. FTIR. Prentice Hall. Principles and methods for monitoring and discrete/composite sampling of environmental media. Basics of Solid & Hazardous Waste Management Technology. 28 . and total and faecal coliforms according to the Standard Methods. Quality assurance and quality control programs. alkalinity. Practical/Lab work: Practicals related to the topics covered in theoretical Section. by John Tchanobaglus. Collection and preservation of samples. AAS. Installation & Closure. Energy from Waste . Data management methods-data quality objectives. & Roberts. CRC Press-2001 Reference/Books: 1. Elsevier Applied Science. 3. Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies. Sources and Nature of Hazardous Waste . COD. Control of landfill leachate & gases – Environmental monitoring System for Landfill sites. spectrophotometry. Kjeldahl nitrogen. data presentation and interpretation. Books Recommended (Latest editions where possible) 1. BOD.Impacts on Environment Disposal of Hazardous Waste. Integrated Solid Waste Management. DO. Environmental significance and determination of water quality parameters like solids. Parker. Colin. Underground Storage Tanks Construction. 1985 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY TECHNIQUES Objective: • To learn about various techniques used for analysis of different parameters affecting environment. turbidity. Contents: Introduction to standard methods of analysis. Oh.An Evaluation of Conversion Technologies. Kanti L. Handbook by Chang.considerations. polarimetry. Shah. 2000. Gravimetric and volumetric methods of analysis for main groups of pollutants. ground water. London.
MAJOR BASED CORE (DEPTH) ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY Objective: • To enhance awareness about the principles of environmental health and safety Contents: Principles of public health. semiconductors) are also covered. Track detectors. & Sanitation. Caeneross (1993) Wiley Interscience. American Society of Public Health Engineers Standard Methods of examination of water and wastewater 2. air borne and sanitation related diseases and control measures. Thermoluminescent detectors. Books Recommended (Latest edition where possible) 1. 2. Industrial. safety equipments. Environmental Engineering.Application of selected instrumental techniques for the determination of pesticides. Knoll. storage & use of toxic chemicals-radio nuclides. toxic / radio-toxic metals and other trace organics. Transport. fire protection techniques. 29 . Occupational health programs Books Recommended: (Latest edition where possible) 1. ISO-14000. communicable & non communicable water borne diseases.g. Health hazards and toxic effects of chemicals. Occupational health and safety in Pakistan. Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority (PNRA) Regulations Pak/904 “Regulation on Radiation Protection-2004” Introduction to the principles of Toxicology as applied to environmental Engineering. food borne. MFL Annunziata Academic Press Inc New York. 3rd Ed. Labour code of Pakistan (1986). S. accident prevention and elimination plans. Handbook of radioactivity Analysis. 1971. scintillation detector. F. OHSAS-18001. Agricultural Pesticide Ordinance. IndustrialNuclear and occupational rules and regulations in Pakistan. radioactivity. 1999 4. 1998 3. Environmental Health Engineering. Salvata (1992) Wiley Interscience.Nuclear hygiene and safety. 1973. Agricultural Pesticides Rules. Use of field instruments and test kits (e. Radiation detection and measurements by Glenn. Gaseous ion detectors. Detection and Measurement of radioactivity by instruments.
Agricultural and other water usages.K. and T. Oxford and IBH Pub. selection of their site and layout. Canal head regulators. Irrigation scheduling. Irrigation: Definition and types of irrigation. Safety for Industry Economics WATER RESOURCES & IRRIGATION ENGINEERING Objective: • To enhance the knowledge of water resources management and irrigation Contents: Water Resources: Planning and development of water resources projects. Books Recommended: – (Latest edition where possible) 1. Vol-I to V. Industrial. Drains and tube wells. Cross-drainage structures. Surface Drainage. Management of irrigation systems. Computer Aided design of irrigation channels. sheet piles and cut off walls. Comparison of various methods.3. Co. Design of irrigation channels. Sedimentation control. Canal lining. R. silt ejectors and excluders. 30 . various components and functions. Rational methods for design of irrigation channels.H. Water logging and salinity: Causes and effects of water logging. Indus Basin Irrigation System (IBIS). Irrigated Agriculture: Irrigation methods and practices. Irrigation and Drainage. Design of weirs on permeable foundations. canal outlets. Maintenance of irrigation canals.R. Barrages and Headworks: Classification of Dams. Domestic. Measures adopted to control silt entry into canals. flumes. Disposal of drainage effluents. Kennedy’s and Lacey’s Theories. Monitoring of flows-telemetry system. Drainage: Definition. Indus Water Treaty and Water Accord 1991 (IRSA). Canal Irrigation: Elementary concept about canal head works. participatory irrigation management. Dams. Merits and demerits of irrigation.F. Subsurface Drainage. Murrell. weirs and barrages. Chapman & Hall International (latest edition). Land reclamation. falls. Cross drainage works: types and functions. Causes and effects of salinity and alkalinity of lands in Pakistan. Water resources in Pakistan. K. Sharma. reclamation of water logged soils.Sharma.
Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. 1995. and Joseph. C. Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. Petts. Networks. Matrices. UK. Allama Iqbal Open University. Iqtidar H.. Impact identification methods and techniques. 4. Asian Development Bank. 2004. GIS techniques.F. Tahir B A. Water Resources Engineering. and Akhtar N. Environmental Business Management: An Introduction. G. Harlow Essex. J and Eduljee. simulation models. Environmental· Management Plan (EMP) Role of public consultation and participation in EIA Process Environmental impact statement. 3.Case Studies • • • • • • • • • • • Books Recommended: (Latest Ed. 5. cost-benefit analysis) • Environmental impact assessment and management of selective development projects. checklists. Importance of baseline data. Khan M I.2. Longman House. B. A Manual for Environmental Impact 31 2. Longman Scientific and Technical. 1994. Overlays. UK. Integrated Environmental Management: Urban and Rural. Burnt Hill. Oxford University Press ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Objectives: • • • • • To provide basic knowledge of environmental impacts of development projects and their mitigation To prepare Initial Environmental Examination (IEE). Pvt. Wood. Environmental Impact Assessment (A Comparative Review). Linslay. Siddiqui. McGraw Hill. North K.. Ltd. . Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) statements and environmental management Plans (EMPs) Contents: Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment: IEE & EIA Role of governments and EIA legislation Environmental impact assessment process Screening and scoping techniques. Where possible) 1. R.K. John Willey & Sons Inc. Environmental Impact Assessment for Waste Treatment and Disposal Facilities. Impact assessment methodologies (Adhoc. Remedial measures. 1997. 3.
6. • Renewable energy resources. GoP. • Cleaner production principles and phases. • Environmental management system. 2000. ISBN-10: 1566764238 5. Mulholland 2. Cleaner Production: Global Status 2002. specific examples from industry where the methods of cleaner production have been applied. Inc. Books Recommended: 1. Randall Technomic Publishing Co. • Detailed chemical/material flow analysis. by Hillary Ruth (Edit) 4. Ministry of Environment. • Closed loop operations. CLEANER PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES Objective: • To impart know-how for resource optimization. • Waste minimization. Assessment. http://www. • Cleaner Production Plans and strategies for implementing cleaner production plans • Cleaner Production and Eco-efficiencies. Identification of Cleaner Production Improvement Opportunities by Kenneth L. Promoting cleaner production in developing countries the role of development co-operation. Reuse of waste products. IEE/EIA Regulations. OECD Publications 3.com/cpglblstatus/] 32 . Environmental Management Systems and Cleaner Production. • Life cycle design and impact assessment.emcentre. Engineer's Guide to Cleaner Production Technologies by Paul M.. United Nations Environment Programme. Government of Pakistan. pollution control and corporate competitiveness Contents: • Cleaner production and Sustainable development.
Biomass. 9th Ed.e. Willey.ENERGY RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Objective: • To enhance the knowledge of conventional and renewable energy resources and their management Contents: Energy and Power:. nuclear and thermal energy. iii. Commercial & Non Commercial). Renewable Energy Resources. 3. 2005 Energy. Wind energy technology. Wright. Geothermal and other natural sources. chemical energy. Norton. Forms of Energy: Mechanical energy. Economic incentives of energy resources theory and application of different energy resources (i. W. Energy and Environment.. 2004 John & Smith. environment and Climate. 2008.. direct combustion of biomass. 1st Ed. W. 6. Importance of energy conservation Books Recommended (Latest edition where possible) 1. 2. Energy from Hydropower. ii. Conventional & Non conventional. Bent Sorensen Environmental Science. v. Richard Wolfson. 2nd Ed. Fossil fuels). Solar energy. 33 . Renewable energy. types of energy resources (Renewable & Non Renewable. 5. vi. Environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. Perspectives of world & local energy production and consumption. Renewable Energy Resources John Twidell. iv. 4. Richard T. electrical energy.
Internal energy. working substance. voltage. AC Synchronous Machines. Equations of state. Schaum’s Series. Transformers. Contents: Basics of Thermodynamics: The system. Transistor and simple rectifier circuit. LDT’s. Basic Electricity 2. Ohm's law. Electrical know how related to experimental design instrumentations like corrosion rate measurements. PV diagram. DC machines. To study temperature dependent processes in environmental engineering. Kirchoff's laws. capacitance. Introduction to domestic electrification. INTER-DISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING BREADTH (ELECTIVE) ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY Objectives: • • To learn basic knowledge of electrical technology. Theodore Wildi.5. LVDT’s. processes and cycles. Power Plant Installations and Distribution System: Power Systems layout. AC Induction Machines. temperature scales. state and properties. specific heats. distribution and utilization of electric power. Principles of House wiring and Industrial wiring. illumination. system and control volume concept. Electrical Power Technology THERMODYNAMICS Objectives: • • To learn basic knowledge of thermodynamics. Ideal gas laws. AC single and polyphase system. Contents: Electrical Elements and Circuits: Electric current. inductance. Electric Circuits. and Converting Machines. strain gauges. To broaden engineering sense of environmental engineers. first law of thermodynamics. power and energy. generation. Introduction to node voltage and loop current methods. Books Recommended: (Latest edition where possible) 1. heat and work. Application 34 . Electronics: Diode. Chapman. Electric Machinery Fundamentals 3. etc. transmission.
Physical Properties of Steam: The formation of steam. HAVC Systems: Types. G. enthalpy of steam. Work and Heat Transfer 4.of processes. Thermodynamics. dual Brayton. principles and their impacts on the environment Practical/Lab. the critical point. internal combustion engines and their environmental impacts. P-V diagram for steam. Volumetric analysis of gas mixtures. Rayner Joel.C. Sterling cycles and their applications. Gengel and M.A. Air Standard Cycles: Otto. isentropic process. Work: Practical related to the topic covered in theoretical section.A. thermal efficiency of reversible and irreversible engines. heat engines.F. T. Ericsson. sub-cooled liquid. molar mixture and Specific gas constants.Rogers and Y. Y. enthalpy-entropy diagram. Books Recommended: (Latest edition where possible) 1. Second law of thermodynamics and its consequences. the Carnot cycles. the triple point quality of steam. behavior of vapor in different thermodynamic processes. Applied Thermodynamics for engineering 2.R. Properties of Mixtures: Dalton’s law and the Gibbs Dalton law.D Eastop and MaConkey. reversibility. Diesel. An Engineering Approach 35 . Mayhew Engineering Thermodynamics. Available and unavailable energy. Technologist Basic Engineering Thermodynamics 3. Steam tables. Boles.
Part-2 Non-Engineering Courses 1. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers) Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 36 . HUMANITIES ENGLISH-I Functional English Objectives: To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents: Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. Active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.
form. 2. ISBN 0194313492 Practical English Grammar by A. Martinet. Exercises 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. discursive. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. c) Reading/Comprehension 1. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. content. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Third edition. language.V. Reading. ISBN 0194313506 b) Writing 1. narrative. 1997.J. consistency) 37 . d) Speaking ENGLISH-II Technical writing and presentation skills Objectives: To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Third Impression 1992. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Third edition. Exercises 2. 1997. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style.J. Upper Intermediate. Practical English Grammar by A.Recommended books: 1. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Writing. clarity. Thomson and A. Oxford University Press. Martinet.V. Thomson and A. Oxford University Press.
3. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. 1) Presentation Skills 2) Reading The Mercury Reader. Martin’s Press. Mandell. Advanced by Ron White. COMMUNICATION SKILLS Objectives: To enable the students to meet their real life communication needs Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. 2004. Oxford Supplementary Skills. St. without taxing the taste of engineering students). argumentative and report writing). 2. Third Impression 1992. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. descriptive. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive. A Custom Publication.Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Kirszner and Stephen R. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills 38 . College Writing Skills by John Langan. Kathleen Shine Cain. Compiled by norther Illinois University. Writing.
Oxford Supplementary Skills. Advanced. Writing 1) Writing. Fourth Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. use of library and internet recourses Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. introduction to presentations. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Oxford Supplementary Skills.J. Third Impression 1991. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter / memo writing and minutes of the meeting. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Thomson and A. c) Reading 1. Oxford University Press 1986.V. and speed reading. Reading. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3) Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. style and pronunciation) Note: Documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: Communication Skills a) Grammar 1. Martinet. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco.Urdu to English Study skills Skimming and scanning. 2. 39 . Fourth Impression 1993. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. b) Practical English Grammar by A. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third edition. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. 2) Writing. Exercises 2. descriptive and argumentative writing). intensive and extensive.
A.ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1 To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2 To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3 To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4 To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.19.40.W) I 1. Contents: INTRODUCTION TO QURANIC STUDIES • • • Basic Concepts of Quran History of Quran Uloom-ul -Quran STUDY OF SELLECTED TEXT OF HOLLY QURAN 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.14) SEERAT OF HOLY PROPHET (S.20) Related to thinking. Life of Holy Prophet (S.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) STUDY OF SELLECTED TEXT OF HOLLY QURAN 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.184.108.40.206. Day of Judgment 3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar. Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2.W) in Makkah 3.Tadabar (Verse No-1.A.21. Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah 40 .
4.A. in Islam 41 .A. Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina INTRODUCTION TO SUNNAH 1. Life of Holy Prophet (S. 5. 2.W) in Madina 2. 3. Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3. 6.SEERAT OF HOLY PROPHET (S. 4. 3. Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism ISLAMIC CULTURE & CIVILIZATION 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues ISLAM & SCIENCE 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science ISLAMIC ECONOMIC SYSTEM 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce POLITICAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah SELLECTED STUDY FROM TEXT OF HADITH INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMIC LAW & JURISPRUDENCE 1. 2.W) II 1. 5.
‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi. Contents: 1. “Emergence of Islam” . Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research Institute. Islamabad (2001) 7) 8) 9) PAKISTAN STUDIES Introduction / Objectives Objectives • • To develop vision of Historical Perspective. b. “Studies in Islamic Law. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H.ISLAMIC HISTORY 1) PERIOD OF KHLAFT-E-RASHIDA 2) PERIOD OF UMMAYYADS 3) PERIOD OF ABBASIDS SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM 1) BASIC CONCEPTS OF SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM 2) ELEMENTS OF FAMILY 3) ETHICAL VALUES OF ISLAM REFERENCE BOOKS: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Hameed ullah Muhammad. ideological background of Pakistan.” Hussain Hamid Hassan. “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Ahmad Hasan. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Government. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Politics. Contemporary Pakistan. Historical Perspective a. Factors leading to Muslim separatism 42 . To study the process of governance. IRI. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. national development.S. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. Bhatia. International Islamic University. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Pakistan.
State & Society in Pakistan. Pakistan Kayyun Toota.National Movement in Pakistan. Pakistan Political Roots & Development.1971-77 d. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Books Recommended • • • • • • • • • • • • Burki.1977-88 e. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Muslim advent iii. Burke and Lawrence Ziring.1999 onward 3. 43 . Mehmood. I. Rafique. Wayne. nd. M.Lahore. Lahore: Idara-e-Saqafat-eIslamia. Politics in Pakistan..1988-99 f. 2.The Emergence of Banglades. The Political System of Pakistan. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Party.M. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Aziz. 1980. 1998. Ethnicity d. S. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Zahid. Society and social structure c. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Enigma of Political Development. Khalid Bin. Mehmood.c. 1947-58 b. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Washington: American Enterprise. Club Road. 1967. Tahir. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Ansar. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. 1993. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Wilcox. II & III. Institute of Public Policy Research. Ethno . S. People and Land i. 1976. Shahid Javed. Economic institutions and issues b. Safdar. Political Parties in Pakistan. Akbar. Zaidi. 2000. Sayeed. 1994. Lawrence. Ziring. Karachi: Royal Book Company.1958-71 c.K. Location and Geo-Physical features. Indus Civilization ii. K. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Afzal. Amin. 1972. Vol. Safdar. Islamabad. 1980. History & Culture of Sindh. Contemporary Pakistan a.
Sustainable Rural Development. Pakistan Under Martial Law. models of participatory management in South Asia. Burkey. Lahore: Vanguard. 1998. People First. 3. Inc. 1997. Participatory approaches to environment and development. McGraw Hill. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. A model for urban development “orangi pilot project”. Adamson. Shepherd A.. S. 4. 1993. Whose Reality Count Putting the First Last.• • Muhammad Waseem. Intermediate Technology Publications. historical perspectives. 1979. Noor ul. 1993. youth and others in the management of various types of ecosystems Recommended Books: 1. concepts and philosophy. 1987. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. Martin Press. Haq. A guide to self-reliant participatory rural 44 . Hoebel and Everett L. Frost. 2. St. Cultural and Social Anthropology. Chambers R. a case study Participation of major groups: women. ANTHROPOLOGY OR SOCIOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT OR ENVIRONMENT & HUMAN INTERACTION OR PSYCHOLOGY ANTHROPOLOGY Objective: • To introduce anthropological concepts and research techniques for promoting participation of major groups in environmental management Contents: • • • • • • • Introduction to cultural anthropology and its relationship with other social sciences Cultural and political organization and resolution of conflicts Anthropological research methods with special reference to participant observation Participatory management: a new paradigm.
3 Power.2 Types of Culture 2. Khan M I.36 Curriculum Division .3 Language and Communication 3. London & New York. which ultimately will result in improved individual efficiency. Towards Participatory Management.1 Interpersonal Behaviour 3. and Importance of Sociology 1. Modification of human behaviour or getting work done from sub-ordinates and seniors remain a major challenge for all the professional engineers. and Akhtar N.5 Socialization and Personality 3. The engineers are expected to supervise several people in different capacities and their understanding about human behaviour is critical for their optimum performance. Contents: 1.5 Social Institutions 2. Culture and Related Concepts 2.5 Migration 45 . SOCIOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT Objectives: The main objective of this course is to apprise potential engineers about social factors that contribute towards enhancing their professional performance for the good of society and the country. Prestige.2 Caste and class 4.1 What is sociology? 1.3 Elements of Culture 2.1 Factors of Social Stratification 4.4 Role of Culture in Organization 2.4 Social Groups 1. and Authority 4.3 Social Interactions 1.5 Public Opinion 4. Amir S. Introduction to Sociology 1.2 Formation of Personal Attitudes 3. Tahir B A. Zed Books.4 Motivations and Emotions 3.1 Definition of Culture 2. Social Stratification 4.2 Nature. This course is culture specific and has to be taught within the context of local and national socioeconomic environment. This course will enhance understanding about the determinants of human behaviour.5. development. Scope. 2004. Interpersonal Relations 3.4 Social Mobility 4. Allama Iqbal Open University. Dr.
Ed.5 Pollution 6.. H. Lahore. Scope.1 Crime as a Social and Cultural Phenomenon 8.5.3 Causes and Consequences of Urbanization 6.3 Community Development Programs in Pakistan 7. Community Development 7.4 Solid Waste Disposal 5. Random House.2 Processes of Community Development 7. Sociology. The Historical Background of Modern Social Psychology.5 Economics of Crime 9.3 Ecosystem and Physical Environment 5. Population Dynamics 6.5 Gender and Development Recommended Readings 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Allport. DuBrin. Changing Pakistan Society.4 Population Policy in Pakistan 6. Gardezi.5 Cooperation and Conflict in Community Development 8. Karachi.4 Community Organization and Related Services 7.5 Population and Development 7. Ed. S..3 Role of NGOs in Development 9. 46 . New York. A. G. N. J. (1985).2 Ecosystem and energy 5. (1991).2 Population Dynamics in Pakistan 6. Sociology of Change and Development 9. Prentice Hall. Hafeez. and T.1 Ecological Processes 5. Bernard. (1991).1 Meaning. Royal Book Company. Maktaba Fikr-o-Danish. and Subject Matter of Community Development 7. (1991). Understanding Pakistan: The Colonial Factor in Societal Development.2 Crime and Social Organization 8. Human Ecology 5. Cambridge University Press. New York. A.2 Dynamics of Social Change 9. N.3 Organized Crime 8.4 Culture Based Crime 8. W. Deviance and Crime 8. (2007). Gardezi.4 World System and Development 9. Burgess (2004). Human Relations: Interpersonal Job Oriented Skills.1 World Population Growth and Distribution 6. H.1 What is Social Change and Development? 9.
Fernald. & Fernald. Weiss. M. Sustainable Community Development: Principles and Concepts. Scope and Application with Special Reference to Pakistan 3. Harcourt Brace College Publishers. 47 . (2005). Hergenhahn. Intermediate Technology Publications. An Introduction to the History of Psychology. (1976). (2001). 4. C. E. A. (1990). (2005). Nelson. B. Introduction to Psychology (13th ed. A. New York: Wadsworth. 8.R.). 7. S. (2003). (1999). Power and civil society in Pakistan. Plorida St. Power and Participatory Development: Theory and Practice. What is Psychology? Nature. Syed. Sociology 7th Edition.. 10. Utton.. London. Introduction to Psychology. P. H. J.D. 9. The State of Migration and Multiculturalism in Pakistan: The Need for Policy and Strategy. N. & Smith E. Wright (1995). G. (1997). Introduction to Sociology of Development. West View Press. 2. 2. (2001). Atkinson R. and S. Macionis. London. Nacmillan Education Ltd. W. USA: WMC Brown Publishers. 5. J.S. Islamabad. UNESCO: 1-30. Human Ecology. Webster. L. Different Schools of Psychology Methods of Psychology Learning Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence Personality and its Assessment Understanding Maladjustive Behaviour Positive Emotional States and Processes Stress Management and Anger Management Books Recommended 1. 6. 3.6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) Jones. Lucie Press.C. Oxford University press. "Why are Population and Development Issues not Given Priority?" Asia-Pasific Population Journal 20(1). (2000). UNDERSTANDING PSYCHOLOGY AND HUMAN BEHAVIOUR Contents: 1. Islamabad Maser.E. A. National Book Foundation.
2.. Ma. Cohen. Perman. USA: Freeman & Company. Saunders Company Philadelphia. New York: McGraw-Hill. USA. 4. Cambridge University Press UK. J. Comer. 6. • Natural resource accounting and valuation of environment.). MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS Objectives: • To introduce the basic concepts of environmental economics • To enhance the knowledge of economic analysis Contents: • Introduction to environmental economics. Practical Ecology.. Slingsby. C.J. Corcini.. (2004). Allen. McMillan Education Ltd. 9. M. 1996. C. R..Goodwin. D and Cook. Current Psychotherapies. cost benefit analysis. Personality Theories: Development.J. Psychology of Learning and Behaviour. (2005) Psychological Testing & Assessment (6th ed. S. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Y. T. 1999. Ecology (Concepts and applications). M C J. R. & Lopez. • Economic benefits of non-renewable and renewable resources. 1st ed. E. R. targets and economic instruments. 10. & Robbins. J L and Reiss. (2007) Positive Psychology. Growth and Diversity. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 1971. 5.J. S. USA. • Pollution control. 3. R. 2.. McGilvray. 1996. 1st ed. B. (2000). (2nd Ed. • Efficient and optimal use of natural resources. (3rd ed. Wassernman. • Case studies Books Recommended: (Latest edition where possible) 1. Environmental and Natural 48 . B. (1997). 3rd ed.P.).J. Harper Collins Publishers. Tietenberg. & Swerdlik. 8. UK. 6. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics. Ecology (Principles and applications). (2002).R. USA. Norton and Company. WCB/McGraw-Hill New York. Moles. 4th ed. London: Thompson & Co Publishers. Odum. 5. M J. 4.). Abnormal Psychology. 7. (2000) Research in Psychology: Methods and Design. 1st ed. E P. Sage Publications.E. Fundamentals of Ecology. 5th Ed. 1992. C. Chapman. discounting and present value of net benefit. 1986. Synder. Schwartz.
London and New York. Ecosystem productivity . Palgrave Macmillan ECOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT Objective: • To provide basic concepts of ecology and various methods & techniques for economics analysis of the natural resources and the environment Contents: • Basic concepts in ecology • Structure of ecosystem. The Economic Approach to Environmental and Natural Resources. James R K. effects of human activities on ecosystem. Environmental Economics in theory and practice. • Human as keystone species. PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objective: • To learn about importance of planning and management of projects and its applications in environmental engineering Contents: Introduction to project planning & management. Harcourt Brace College Publishers. Longman. Scheduled and nonscheduled rates. Resource Economics. • Species. J F Shogren and B White. food webs and food chains • Types of ecosystems and their management • Biodiversity and ecological sustainability • Nutrient cycles and Eutrophication • Populations / communities and their dynamics and interaction. 2002. Rough cost and detailed estimates for environmental engineering projects including preparation of bill of quantities (B. Relationship of development with environment. Succession: (only basic concepts). Analysis of rates. • Energy and material flow within ecosystem. N. 49 .O. Hanley. 1998. and extinction.Q).7. Project planning and cost estimation: Preparation of feasibility reports. 8.
Scheduling manpower. NATURAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS-I Objective: • To learn fundamentals of mathematics. 50 . Functions: Hyperbolic Functions and their Graphical representation. Project control during construction. keeping equipment records. Project Planning.D. Scheduling. Books Recommended: (Latest edition where possible) 1. De’Moivre’s Theorem with Applications. Exponential Functions. Ph.D.Project approval processes in Pakistan Introduction to contracting and tendering. and Controlling by Harold. Construction Cost Control. Kerzner Fundamentals of Technology Project Management by Colleen Garton Project Management Case Studies by Harold. 5. Financing the project. 4. Use of computer software in project management. Principle and use of CPM in environmental projects. indexation. Kerzner The Art of Project Management (Theory in Practice (O'Reilly)) by Scott Berkun 3. Delivering Materials. Introduction to claims and conflict resolution: escalation. Cost Control records. Hyperbolic and Trigonometric identities and their relationship. Project supervision. 2. Critical path method (CPM). calculus and analytical geometry Contents: APPLIED CALCULUS/MATH-I CH (3+0) Complex Numbers: Basic Operations. Third Edition (PMBOK Guides) by Project Management Institute Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning. Scheduling and Controlling: Scheduling resources. Job layout. Ph. A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge. Graphical Representations. 3. arbitration and litigation. Polar and Exponential Forms of Complex Numbers. Manual versus computer analysis of critical path methods.
Complex. 51 . Function of a Linear Function. Surface Revolution. (Latest Edition) 4. Errors and Approximations and Limiting Values of Functions. Maxima and Minima of Function of One Variable and its Applications. Plane (Straight Line) and Sphere. Statement of Taylor’s Theorem of Two Independent Variable and its Applications. Books Recommended 1. Analytical Solid Geometry: Rectangular Co-ordinate Systems in Three Dimensions. Concept of Infinite Series. S. Radius of Gyration. Total Differential. Radius and Centre of Curvature. Taylor’s and Mclaurin’s Series and Expansion of Functions. Schum’s Series(Latest Edition) 2. Points of Inflexion. Definite Integrals and their Properties and Reduction Formulae. Mathematical Methods. Talpur. Applications to Small Errors and Approximations. Speed and Acceleration. by Partial Fractions and by Parts. Direction Cosines. Centres of Pressure and Depth of Centre of Pressure. Antom. Perpendicular Axes Theorem. Euler’s Theorem. Leibritze’s Theorem and its Applications. Calculus. Partial Differentiation: Partial Differential Coefficient and Chain Rule. Ferozsons(Latest Edition) 5. Curve Tracing in Rectangular and Polar Coordinates. Ilmi Kutab Khana(Latest Edition) MATHEMATICS-II Objective: • Teach the concepts of calculus and analytic geometry and the applications of these concepts to the solution of engineering problems. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Moment of Inertia. Johney Wiley and Sons.Differentiation: Differentiation and Successive Differentiation and its Application to Rate. Schum’s series.M. Centre of Gravity of a Solid of Revolution. H. Integral Calculus: Standard Integrals. Partial Differentiation of an Implicit Function. (Latest Edition) 3. Rules of Pappus. Composite Figures. Integration Applications: Volumes of Solids Of Revolution. Integration of Trigonometric Functions. Lengths of Curves. Parallel Axes Theorem. Second Moment of Area. Curvature. Centroid of a Plane Figure. Schaum’s series. Equations of Tangents and Normals. Convexity and Concavity. Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Yousuf. Integration by Substitution. Schaum’s series.
“Calculus. ISBN: 0130918717 MATHEMATICS –III Objectives: • • • • To introduce basic concepts and techniques of statistical analysis and their application in environmental engineering To learn and use the advance mathematical techniques for solving differential equations Contents: • Statistics: Frequency distribution.” 2002. spherical trigonometry. Monty B. Application of Fourier series. Correlation. first and second shifting property. periodic function. vector calculus. standard deviation. straight line in R3. 1996. integration of Laplace transform. ISBN: 0201531747. polygon. 2002. hyperbolic and inverse hyperbolic functions. J.” First Edition. Gerald 4. ISBN: 0130652652. ISBN: 0070576424. Finney. • Fourier series: definition. • Laplace transforms: definition. introduction to limit. rank correlation. derivative of Laplace transform. Probability. Smith. Solution of partial differential equation by Laplace transform. Euler’s formulae. introduction to analytical geometry. Prentice Hall. Gerald L. Bradley and Karl J. 3. convolution theorem. 1995. surfaces. Fourier series of sin and cosine functions. Addison-Wesley. Thomas and Ross L. spheres. derivatives and their applications. inverse Laplace transform with all properties. McGraw-Hill. linearity property. George B. integral calculus with applications. de moivre’s theorem. heat and Laplace equations. Strauss. Fourier series of arbitrary limits. Fourier series of circular limits. applications to the solutions of ordinary differential equations. “Calculus with Analytic Geometry. median. least square method. Measures of dispersion: Mean.” Ninth Edition. 2. Folland. Simmons.” Second Edition. George F. mode. cylindrical and spherical coordinates. “Advanced Calculus. First Edition. even and odd functions. planes. histogram. variance. Theorems of addition and multiplication. cylinders and cones. Lines of regression. unit step function. • Complex number: Argand diagram. “Calculus and Analytic Geometry. Book Recommended: 1. Wave. complex form of Fourier series. vector algebra. 52 . Prentice Hall.Contents: Introduction to functions.
• Eigen-values and Eigen-vectors: Interactive and transformation methods. Lagrange's formulation of interpolation. Theory and Problems of Laplace Transforms. Newton's and Gauss interpolating technique for equally spaced data. Spiegel. Numerical Analysis by Scheid. R. Euler and modified Euler methods. Gauss-Settle method.' finding initial approximations and complete solution of polynomial regression analysis.S. simple theorems on divided differences. Ervin and Kreyszig. Advanced Engineering Mathematics. • Numerical Integration: Review of integration concept and their physical significance for Engineering. • Solution of Linear Simultaneous Equations: Jacobi's method. 4.. Schaum’s Outline Series. Newton's formulation for unequal intervals. numerical differentiation. Mathematical method. Bisection method. by S. Grawal. Books Recommended: (Latest Edition Where Possible) 1. differences of polynomials. Trapezoidal and Simson's rule numerical integration techniques. Sparse matrices. Schaum Series 53 .M Yousif. John Wiley and Sons. Speigal M. 2. (Latest Edition). Method of false position. NUMERICAL ANALYSIS Objective: • To introduce various techniques for solving Linear and Non-linear equations using various numerical methods Contents: • Solution of Non-Linear Equations: Simple interaction. Eigen-values of tri-diagonal matrix. Runge Kutta and Kutta Merson methods. E. • Solution of Polynomial Equations: Polynomial equations. Secant method. 3. Schaum Series 2. • Finite Differences: Difference operations and tables. curve fitting by the method of least squares. Complex Variables by Murray R. Advance Engineering by B.Books Recommended: (Latest edition where possible) 1. Newton's method. Solution of differential equations.
reverse-biased diode. Lab Outline: Electric fields. 54 . inductance. generation. Faraday's law. ISBN: 0071426116 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY Objective: • To develop know how of chemistry and its application in environmental engineering. Arthur Beiser. Solid-state physics: Crystal lattices.” Fourth Edition. semiconductors. Electrodynamics: Magnetic field and force. sources of magnetic field. electromagnetic induction. 2005. superconductivity. Semiconductors: Composition. solid-state physics. and Jearl Walker. photoconductivity. allowed and forbidden states.APPLIED PHYSICS Objective: • Teach the fundamentals of classical physics including the electrostatics. capacitance and dielectrics. diode curve. capacitance. inductance. purity. photoelectric effect. p-n junction diode. conductors. transistor characteristics nature of light. drift. Optics: Optical absorption. geometric optics. carrier properties and distribution. mobility. electric field and potential. laws of geometric optics. current and resistance. Heat and Thermodynamics in relation to cooling of electronics. and thermodynamics in relation to thek cooling of electronics Contents: Electrostatics: Coulomb’s law. dielectrics. unit cells. Books Recommended: 1. “Fundamentals of Physics. optics. Carrier action: Diffusion. forward-biased diode.” Seventh Edition. electrodynamics. sources of magnetic field. MOSFET and its biasing. “Schaum's Outline of Applied Physics. interference of light waves. Hall effect. lasers.and p-type materials. Robert Resnick. energy bands. electric potential. 2. photo-luminescence. Contents: • Introduction to environmental chemistry. insulators. Gauss' law. ISBN: 0471465097. John Wiley & Sons. polarization. McGraw-Hill. 2004. Conductivity. alternating current circuits. direct current circuits. diffraction. recombination. bipolar junction transistor and its biasing. n. magnetic fields. David Halliday. diode characteristics.
ISBN 0-471-51185-4. 55 . Morgan. Perry L. C. Freeman: New York. T. Where Possible): 1. Acids and bases: pH diagrams. • To understand application of microbiology in reducing/elimination of environmental pollution. Macmillan Press Ltd. Werner and James J. photochemistry and 7. Introductory Chemistry for the Environmental Sciences. colloidal chemistry 8. physical chemistry. P. 3. 5. Inc. Cambridge Environmental Series No. McCarly & Geve F Partern. 1995. P. Clair N. soil and food. 4. Jickells T. organic chemistry. Harrison R M. 2. Aquatic Chemistry. 5. Carbonate chemistry: carbonate System Alkalinity and acidity Precipitation and dissolution Solubility product. Sawyer. Chemical Equilibria and Rates in Natural Waters. Stumm. general chemistry. equilibrium chemistry. Environmental Chemistry. pH buffers. nuclear chemistry Applications of chemistry in resolving environmental problems Soil chemistry and environmental contaminants: Pesticides and herbicides. Inc.• Basic concepts of: 1. waste water. heavy metals and other chemical pollutants. McGraw-Hill. De Mora S J. 3. Oxidation-reduction reactions • • • • • • • • Books Recommended: (Latest Ed. An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Objective: • To develop basic understanding of Microbiology as related to water. D. Liss. Chemistry for Environmental Engineering. factors affecting solubility. S. biochemistry. John Wiley and Sons. 6. 2. PCBs. 17. Brimblecombe. 4. Baird. PAHs and dioxins.D.
nutritional requirements cultivation and growth. protozoa. standard plate count. protein synthesis. Telezar M A. Microbiology (4th edition). McGraw-Hill Inc. enzymes and enzyme activity. 3. DNA structure and replication. Gorman S P Microbial Bioskills: Formation and Control. Environmental Microbiology. Enumeration of microorganisms in water. Energy mechanism in microbial metabolism Cell· structures' and characterization. Prescott L M. Mitches R. Chan E C S Microbiology: Concepts and Applications. Biodegradation and bioaccumulation. Books Recommended: (Latest Ed. the structure "and biological functions of microorganisms including bacteria.II 56 . 2. Control of microorganisms by physical and chemical agents. SENIOR DESIGN PROJECT – I SENIOR DESIGN PROJECT . and food. indicator organisms. Denyer S P. Klei C A 1992. Microbial classification. McGraw-Hill Inc. soil.Contents: • • • • • • • • • • Basics concepts in microbiology and their application in environmental engineering. McGraw-Hill Inc. McGraw-Hill Inc. Micro biology of water and wastewater. Harley G P. 4. viruses. microbial staining and pure culture techniques. Where Possible) 1. Examination and evaluation of the effects of microorganisms in water and wastewater. algae. growth and nutrition. Influence of environment on growth including measurement of growth. Study of microscopes.
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