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Periodic Table of the Elements

GROUP 1
IA
1

Atomic Number
Symbol

2

S1/2
2.2

Hydrogen

0.0899
-259.14
(v) 37

13.5984
-252.87
-

2
IIA

1s1
+1,-1

3

Period

0.93

2

S1/2

0.82

Potassium

1
S0
1.57

Phase at STP

13
IIIA
5

Gas

Beryllium

Mg

S0

1.31

1

S0

Calcium

Solid Synthetic

Alkali Metals

1

1.00

Liquid

Noble Gas

Alkaline Earth
Metals

Halogens

Transition Metals

Non Metals

Poor Metals

3
IIIB
21

44.955910

Sc

Metalloids

4
IVB
2

D3/2
1.36

Scandium

5
VB

22

47.867

Ti

23

3
F2
1.54

Titanium

mu
e
k
me
mec 2
r0
eV
e
F
α
2 π hc 2

Electron Radius (Classical)
Electron Volt
Elementry Charge
Faraday Constant
fine-structure constant
First Radiation Constant

Rare Earth Metals
[42]

Source: physics.nist.gov

Common Constants

Categories

Magnesium

Ca

Absolute Zero
Atomic Mass Unit
Avogadro Constant
Base of Natural Logarithms
Boltzmann constant
Electron Mass

6
VIB
50.9415

V

4
F3/2
1.63

Vanadium

24

51.9961

Cr

7
S3
1.66

Chromium

25

Gravitation Constant
Molar Gas Constant
Molar Volume (Ideal Gas)
PI
Planck Constant
Proton-Electron Mass Ratio
Rydberg Constant

2.8179403x10-15 m
1.602176x10-19 J
1.602176x10-19 C
96 485.3399 C/mol
0.0072973525
3.7417749x10-16 W m2

Second Radiation Constant
Speed of Light in a Vacuum
Speed of sound in air at STP
Standard Pressure

8
VIII

54.938049

Mn

6

S5/2
1.55

Manganese

G
R

-273.15 °C
1.660539x10-27 kg
6.022142x1023 mol-1
2.718281828
1.380650x10-23 J/K
9.10938215x10-31 kg
0.5110 MeV

7
VIIB

9
VIII

26

55.845

Fe

Iron

5
D4
1.83

27

-11

p
h
m e/m p
R∞
R ∞c
R ∞hc
ch/k
c

4

F9/2
1.88

Cobalt

28

-1 -2

11
IB
58.6934

Ni

3

6.67428x10 m kg s
8.314472 J mol-1 K -1
0.02241410 m3/mol
3.14159265358979
6.626069x10-34 J s
1836.15267247
10 973 732 m-1
3.289842x1015 Hz
13.6057 eV
0.01438769 m K
299 792 458 m/s
343.2 m/s
101 325 Pa

10
VIII

58.933200

Co

2

S1/2

0.82

Rubidium

Sr

1

S0

0.95

Strontium

Y

2

D3/2
1.22

Yttrium

1.532
2.63
4.472
4.1771
5.6949
6.2173
39.31
688
777
1382
1526
3345
(m) 248
BCC
(m) 215
FCC
(m) 180
HCP
1
2
1
[Kr] 5s
[Kr] 5s
[Kr] 4d 5s2
+1
+2
+3
132.90545 56
137.327
55
2

S1/2

0.79

Cesium

Ba

1

S0

0.89

Barium

1.879
3.51
3.8939
5.2117
28.44
671
727
1870
(m) 265
BCC
(m) 222
BCC
[Xe] 6s 1
[Xe] 6s 2
+1
+2
(223) 88
(226)
87
2

S1/2

0.7

Francium
-

4.0727
1
[Rn] 7s
+1

Ra

Lanthanide Series

S0

Radium

Actinide
Series

Notes:
- Density units are g/cm 3 for solids and g/L or kg/cm 3 at
0° Celsius for gases
12
- Atomic Weight based on C
- ( ) indicate mass number of most stable isotope
- Common Oxidation States in bold
- Electron Config. based on IUPAC guidelines
- § indicates crystal structure is unusual or may require
explanation
- (m) Metallic radius, (v) Covalent radius
References:
†Nist.gov, *Wolfram.com (Mathematic),
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
81st Edition, 2000-2001, and others

Periodic Table of the Elements
Design by Vertex42.com
© 2011 Vertex42 LLC. All rights reserved.

3

F2
1.33

3
F4
1.91

Nickel

63.546

Cu

2

S1/2
1.90

Copper

10.811

B

2

P°1/2

2.04

Boron

2.46
8.2980
2075
4000
(v) 82
rhom.
[He] 2s 2 2p1
+3
26.981538
13

Al

2

P°1/2

1.61

Aluminum

2.7
5.9858
{42} 660.32
2519
(m) 143
FCC
2
[Ne] 3s 3p1
+3
65.409 31
69.723

12
IIB

29

14
IVA

30

Zn

Zinc

1
S0
1.65

Ga

2

P°1/2
1.81

Gallium

Zirconium

Nb

6

D1/2
1.60

Niobium

Mo

7

S3
2.16

Molybdenum

Tc

6

S5/2
1.9

Technetium

Ru

5

F5
2.20

Ruthenium

Rh

4

F9/2
2.28

Rhodium

Pd

1

S0
2.20

Palladium

Ag

2

S1/2
1.93

Silver

Cd

1

S0
1.69

Cadmium

In

2

P°1/2
1.78

Indium

8.57
10.28
11.5
12.37
12.45
12.023
10.49
8.65
7.31
6.511
6.7589
7.0924
7.28
7.3605
7.4589
8.3369
7.5762
8.9938
5.7864
6.6339
1855
4409
2477
4744
2623
4639
2157
4265
2334
4150
1964
3695
1554.9
2963
961.78
2162
321.07
767
156.6
2072
(m) 160
HCP
(m) 146
BCC
(m) 139
BCC
(m) 136
HCP
(m) 134
HCP
(m) 134
FCC
(m) 137
FCC
(m) 144
FCC
(m) 151
§hex
(m) 167
§tetra.
2
2
4
1
5
1
5
2
7
1
8
1
10
10
1
10
2
10
2
[Kr] 4d 5s
[Kr] 4d 5s
[Kr] 4d 5s
[Kr] 4d 5s
[Kr] 4d 5s
[Kr] 4d 5s
[Kr] 4d
[Kr] 4d 5s
[Kr] 4d 5s
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p1
+4
+3,5
+2,3,4,5,6
+4,7
+2,3,4,6,8
+2,3,4
+2,4
+1
+2
+3
178.49 73
180.9479 74
183.84 75
186.207 76
190.23 77
192.217 78
195.078 79
196.96655 80
200.59 81
204.3833
72

Hf

3

F2

1.3

Hafnium

Ta

4

F3/2

1.5

Tantalum

W

5

D0

2.36

Tungsten

Re

6

S5/2

1.9

Rhenium

Os

Ir

5

D4

2.2

Osmium

4

F9/2

2.2

Iridium

Pt

3

D3

2.28

Platinum

Au

2

S1/2

Gold

2.54

Hg

1

S0

2

Mercury

Tl

2

P°1/2

1.62

Thallium

13.31
16.65
19.25
21.02
22.61
22.65
21.09
19.3
13.534 10.4375
11.85
6.8251
7.5496
7.8640
7.8335
8.4382
8.9670
8.9588
9.2255
6.1082
2233
4603
3017
5458
3422
5555
3186
5596
3033
5012
2466
4428
1768.3
3825
1064.18
2856
-38.83
356.73
304
1473
(m) 159
HCP
(m) 146
BCC
(m) 139
BCC
(m) 137
HCP
(m) 135
HCP
(m) 136
FCC
(m) 139
FCC
(m) 144
FCC
(m) 151 §rhom. (m) 170
HCP
[Xe] 4f 14 5d2 6s2
[Xe] 4f 14 5d3 6s2
[Xe] 4f 14 5d4 6s2
[Xe] 4f 14 5d5 6s2
[Xe] 4f 14 5d6 6s2
[Xe] 4f 14 5d7 6s2
[Xe] 4f 14 5d9 6s1
[Xe] 4f 14 5d10 6s1
[Xe] 4f 14 5d10 6s2
[Hg] 6p1
+4
+5
+2,3,4,5,6
+2,4,6,7,-1
+2,3,4,6,8
+2,3,4,6
+2,4
+1,3
+1,2
+1,3
(261) 105
(262) 106
(266) 107
(264) 108
(277) 109
(268) 110
(281) 111
(272) 112
(285) 113
104

Rf

1

0.9

5
5.2784
700
1737
BCC
2
[Rn] 7s
+2

Zr

3

F2 ?

Rutherfordium

Db

Dubnium

Sg

Seaborgium

Bh

Bohrium

Hs

Hassium

Mt

Meitnerium

4.002602

He

1

S0

-

Helium

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0.856
1.55
2.985
4.507
6.11
7.14
7.47
7.874
8.9
8.908
8.92
7.14
5.904
4.3407
6.1132
6.5615
6.8281
6.7462
6.7665
7.4340
7.9024
7.8810
7.6398
7.7264
9.3942
5.9993
63.38
759
842
1484
1541
2830
1668
3287
1910
3407
1907
2671
1246
2061
1538
2861
1495
2927
1455
2913
1084.62
2927
419.53
907
29.76
2204
(m) 227
BCC
(m) 197
FCC
(m) 162
HCP
(m) 147
HCP
(m) 134
BCC
(m) 128
BCC
(m) 127 §cubic (m) 126
BCC
(m) 125
HCP
(m) 124
FCC
(m) 128
FCC
(m) 134
§hex
(m) 135
§BCO
1
2
1
2
2
2
3
2
5
1
5
2
6
2
7
2
8
2
10
1
10
2
10
2
1
[Ar] 4s
[Ar] 4s
[Ar] 3d 4s
[Ar] 3d 4s
[Ar] 3d 4s
[Ar] 3d 4s
[Ar] 3d 4s
[Ar] 3d 4s
[Ar] 3d 4s
[Ar] 3d 4s
[Ar] 3d 4s
[Ar] 3d 4s
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p
+1
+2
+3
+2,3,4
+2,3,4,5
+2,3,6
+2,3,4,6,7
+2,3
+2,3
+2,3
+1,2
+2
+3
85.4678 38
87.62 39
88.90585 40
91.224 41
92.90638 42
95.94 43
(98) 44
101.07 45
102.90550 46
106.42 47
107.8682 48
112.411 49
114.818
37

Fr

7

S1/2

2

1.00794 Atomic Weight
2
S1/2 †Ground-State Level
2.2
*Electronegativity (Pauling)

H

9.012182

Be

0.968
1.738
5.1391
7.6462
97.72
883
650
1090
(m) 186
BCC
(m) 160
HCP
1
[Ne] 3s
[Ne] 3s 2
+1
+2
39.0983 20
40.078
19

Cs

6

2

Sodium

Rb

5

4

0.535
1.848
5.3917
9.3227
180.54
1342
1287
2470
(m) 152
BCC
(m) 112
HCP
[He] 2s 1
[He] 2s 2
+1
+2
22.989770 12
24.3050
11

K

4

S1/2
0.98

Lithium

Na

3

2

Ds

Rg

Darmstadtium Roentgenium

Cn

Copernicium

Uut

Ununtrium

6

15
VA
12.0107

C

3

P0

2.55

Carbon

2.26
11.2603
3550
4027
(v) 77
hex
[He] 2s 2 2p2
+2,4,-4
28.0855
14

Si

7

14.0067

N

Ge

3
P0
2.01

Germanium

5.323
7.8994
938.3
2820
(v) 122
§cubic
10
2
2
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p
+2,4
118.710
50

Sn

3

P0
1.96

Tin

7.31
7.3439
231.93
2602
(v) 141
§tetra.
10
2
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p2
+2,4
207.2
82

Pb

3

P0

Lead

2.33

S°3/2

3.04

1.251
14.5341
-210.1
-195.79
(v) 75
[He] 2s 2 2p3
+2,3,4,5,-2,-3
30.97361
15

P

P0

2.33
8.1517
1414
2900
(v) 111
cubic
2
[Ne] 3s 3p2
+2,4,-4
72.64
32

4

Nitrogen

3

1.90

Silicon

16
VIA

4

S°3/2
2.18

Arsenic

5.727
9.7886
817
614
(v) 119
rhom.
10
2
3
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p
+3,5,-3
121.760
51

Sb

4

S°3/2
2.05

Antimony

6.697
8.6084
630.63
1587
(v) 138
§rhom.
10
2
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p3
+3,5,-3
208.98038
83

Bi

S

4

S°3/2

2.02

Bismuth

3

P2

2.58

Sulfur

1.96
10.3600
115.21
444.72
(v) 102
FCO
2
[Ne] 3s 3p4
+2,4,6,-2
78.96
34

Se

3
P2
2.55

Selenium

4.819
9.7524
221
685
(v) 116
§hex
10
2
4
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p
+2,4,6,-2
127.60
52

Te

P°3/2

3.98

10

20.1797

Ne

1

S0

-

Neon

1.696
0.9
17.4228
21.5645
-219.6
-188.12 -248.59 -246.08
(v) 71
(v) 69
[He] 2s 2 2p5
[He] 2s 2 2p6
-1
0
35.453 18
39.948
17

Cl

2

P°3/2

3.16

Chlorine

3.214
12.9676
-101.5
-34.04
(v) 99
2
[Ne] 3s 3p5
+1,3,5,7,-1
79.904
35

Br

2

P°3/2
2.96

Bromine

Ar

1

S0

-

Argon

1.784
15.7596
-189.3
-185.8
(v) 97
2
[Ne] 3s 3p6
0
83.798
36

Kr

1

S0
3

Krypton

3.12
3.75
11.8138
13.9996
-7.3
59
-157.36 -153.22
(v) 114
BCO
(v) 110
10
2
5
10
2
6
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p
+1,5,-1
0
126.90447 54
131.293
53

I

3

Tellurium

2

P°3/2
2.66

Iodine

Xe

1

S0
2.60

Xenon

6.24
4.94
5.9
9.0096
10.4513
12.1298
449.51
988
113.7
184.3
-111.8
-108
(v) 135
hex
(v) 133
BCO
(v) 130
10
2
4
10
2
5
10
2
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p6
+2,4,6,-2
+1,5,7,-1
0
(209) 85
(210) 86
(222)
84

Po

3

P2

2.0

Polonium

9.196
8.414
254
962
§cubic
[Hg] 6p4
+2,4
(292)
116

Ununquadium Ununpentium

Ununhexium

Uup

2

Fluorine

P2
2.10

11.34
9.78
7.4167
7.2855
327.46
1749
271.3
1564
(m) 175
FCC
(v) 146
§rhom.
[Hg] 6p2
[Hg] 6p3
+2,4
+3,5
(289) 115
114

Uuq

24.5874
-268.93
1s2
0

18.9984032

F

P2

1.429
13.6181
-218.3
-182.9
(v) 73
[He] 2s 2 2p4
-2
32.065
16

S°3/2

9

3

3.44

Oxygen

2.19

1.823
10.4867
44.2
280.5
(v) 106
§
2
[Ne] 3s 3p3
+3,4,5,-3
74.92160
33

17
VIIA
15.9994

O

4

Phosphorus

As

8

0.1785
(v) 32

Uuh

At

2

P°3/2

2.2

Astatine

302
[Hg] 6p5
+1,3,5,7,-1

117

Rn

1

S0

-

Radon

9.73
10.7485
-71
-61.7
(v) 145
[Hg] 6p6
0

118

Uus

Ununseptium

Uuo

Ununoctium

6.0 ?

14

2

2

[Rn] 5f 6d 7s ?
+4

57

Lanthanides

2

6.941

Li

1

Name
Hydrogen
*Density [Note] 0.0899 13.5984 †Ionization Energy (eV)
*Melting Point (°C) -259.14 -252.87 *Boiling Point (°C)
FCC Crystal Structure [Note]
Atomic radius (pm)[Note] (v) 37

1s1
Electron Configuration
+1,-1
Possible Oxidation States [Note]

Actinides

1

1.00794

H

18
VIIIA

138.9055

La

2

D3/2

1.10

Lanthanum

58

140.116

Ce

1

G°4
1.12

Cerium

59

Pr

140.90765
4

I°9/2
1.13

60

144.24

Nd

5

I4
1.14

Praseodymium Neodymium

61

Pm

(145)
6

H°5/2
-

Promethium

62

150.36

Sm

7

F0
1.17

Samarium

63

151.964

Eu

8

S°7/2
-

Europium

64

157.25

Gd

9

D°2
1.20

Gadolinium

65

158.92534

Tb

6

H°15/2
-

Terbium

66

Dy

162.500
5

I8
1.22

Dysprosium

67

164.93032

Ho

4

I°15/2
1.23

Holmium

68

167.259

Er

3

H6
1.24

Erbium

69

168.93421

Tm

2

F°7/2
1.25

Thulium

70

173.04

Yb

1

S0
-

Ytterbium

71

174.967

Lu

2

D3/2

1.27

Lutetium

7.353
5.244
7.901
8.219
8.551
8.795
9.066
9.321
6.57
9.841
6.146
6.689
6.64
7.01
7.264
5.582
5.6437
5.6704
6.1498
5.8638
5.9389
6.0215
6.1077
6.1843
6.2542
5.4259
5.5769
5.5387
5.473
5.5250
920
3464
798
3360
931
3290
1021
3100
1100
3000
1072
1803
822
1527
1313
3250
1356
3230
1412
2567
1474
2700
1497
2868
1545
1950
819
1196
1663
3402
(m) 187
§hex
(m) 182
FCC
(m) 182
§hex
(m) 181
§hex
(m) 183
HCP
(m) 180
§hex
(m) 180
BCC
(m) 180
HCP
(m) 177
HCP
(m) 178
HCP
(m) 176
HCP
(m) 176
HCP
(m) 176
HCP
(m) 176
FCC
(m) 174
HCP
[Xe] 4f 1 5d 1 6s2
[Xe] 4f 3 6s2
[Xe] 4f 4 6s2
[Xe] 4f 5 6s2
[Xe] 4f 6 6s2
[Xe] 4f 7 6s2
[Xe] 4f 7 5d 1 6s2
[Xe] 4f 9 6s2
[Xe] 4f 10 6s2
[Xe] 4f 11 6s2
[Xe] 4f 12 6s2
[Xe] 4f 13 6s2
[Xe] 4f 14 6s2
[Xe] 4f 14 5d 1 6s2
[Xe] 5d 1 6s2
+3
+3,4
+3,4
+3
+3
+2,3
+2,3
+3
+3,4
+3
+3
+3
+2,3
+2,3
+3
(227) 90
232.0381 91
231.0359 92
238.0289 93
(237) 94
(244) 95
(243) 96
(247) 97
(247) 98
(251) 99
(252) 100
(257) 101
(258) 102
(259) 103
(262)
89

Ac

2

D3/2

1.1

Actinium

10.07
5.17
1050
3200
FCC
[Rn] 6d 1 7s2
+3

Th

3

F2

1.3

Thorium

11.724
6.3067
1750
4820
(m) 179
FCC
[Rn] 6d 2 7s2
+4

Pa

4

K11/2

1.5

Protactinium

15.37
5.89
1572
4000
(m) 163
§tetra
[Rn] 5f 2 6d 1 7s2
+4,5

U

5

L°6
1.38

Uranium

19.05
6.1941
1135
3927
(m) 156
BCP
[Rn] 5f 3 6d 1 7s2
+3,4,5,6

Np

6

L11/2
1.36

Neptunium

20.45
6.2657
644
4000
(m) 155
SO
[Rn] 5f 4 6d 1 7s2
+3,4,5,6

Pu

7

F0
1.28

Plutonium

19.816
6.0260
640
3230
(m) 159 §mono.
[Rn] 5f 6 7s2
+3,4,5,6

Am

8

S°7/2
1.3

Americium

5.9738
1176
2011
(m) 173
HCP
[Rn] 5f 7 7s2
+3,4,5,6

Cm

9

D°2
1.3

Curium

13.51
5.9914
1345
3110
(m) 174
HCP
[Rn] 5f 7 6d 7s2
+3

Bk

6

H°15/2
1.3

Berkelium

14.78
6.1979
1050
(m) 170
hex
[Rn] 5f 9 7s2
+3,4

Cf

5

I8
1.3

Californium

15.1
6.2817
900
hex
[Rn] 5f 10 7s2
+3

Es

4

I°15/2
1.3

Einsteinium
6.42
860
[Rn] 5f 11 7s2
+3

Fm

3

H6
1.3

Fermium

6.50
1527
[Rn] 5f 12 7s2
+3

Md

2

F°7/2
1.3

Mendelevium
6.58
827
[Rn] 5f 13 7s2
+2,3

No

1

S0
1.3

Nobelium

6.65
827
[Rn] 5f 14 7s2
+2,3

Lr

2

P°1/2 ?
-

Lawrencium
4.9 ?
1627
[Rn] 5f 14 7s2 7p ?
+3