Independent Project- Paul Taylor 0601273
Kinematic Analysis of the Sidearm Throw in Ultimate Frisbee: Motionof the Wrist
The purpose of this study was to investigate the joint kinematics during the sidearmthrowing motion. To date, little research has been conducted on the release parameters of the sidearm throw in Ultimate Frisbee. A kinematic three-dimensional high-speed analysiswas conducted, measuring the joint angles of the forearm and wrist from the moment thepivoting foot came into contact with the ground until post release of the sports disc. A singlemale participant (Age; 20) case study was selected; with a minimum of three years of highlevel competitive Ultimate experience including participation in 3 National Studentcompetitions. The subject was instructed to throw 35 slow (normal) and 35 fast (maximaleffort) sidearm throws. Using two gen-locked Basler high-speed cameras at 200 Hz, releasedparameters were measured using reflective markers positioned at three points along theforearm; Medial Epicondyle of the Humerus, Styloid Process of Radius, Base of MetacarpalsI-V. Mean (± standard deviation) wrist angles were found to be significantly (p<0.05) greaterfor fast trials (21.030 ± 2.937) than for slow trials (16.181 ± 2.847), however no significantdifference was identified for spin rate between the two trials (fast: 6.650 ± 3.483, slow:4.689 ± 1.730). A significant decrease in pronation angle and pronation angular velocityduring the fast trials may be an important consideration suggesting that the initiation of throwing motion may occur from the shoulder The three-dimensional approach chosen forthis study can provide valuable information on the kinematics of the sidearm throw forcoaches and athletes, enabling training regimes and throwing techniques to be perfected.