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http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924028957400

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO

tSTAMENT OF SOLOMON
EDITED FROM MANUSCRIPTS

AT MOUNT ATHOS BOLOGM,
,

HOLKHAM HALL, JERUSALEM, LONDON, MILAN, PARIS AND
" 'VIENNA
.

'

WITH INtJlOBUCTION

A DISSERTATION
.

SUBMITTED TO THE/I ACDLTY
OF TH£^

IGRADUATE DIVINITY SCHOOL
IN
(Department of
;

CANDIDACYJfQR

THfi

DEGREE OF
literature)

OF: :yilIX)SOPHY new testament and early chkjstian

DOCTOR

BY
^

CHESTER CHARLTON Mc COWN

LEIPZIG
J.

C.

HINRICHS'SCHE BUCHHAl<fDLU>IG
'

;.

1922

= THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO

THE TESTAMENT OF SOLOMON
EDITED FROM MANUSCRIPTS AT MOUNT ATHOS, BOLOGNA,
^'

HOLKHAM HALL, JERUSALEM, LONDON, MILAN, PARIS AND
VIENNA
WITH INTRODUCTION

A DISSERTATION
SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY
OF THE

GRADUATE DIVINITY SCHOOL
IN

CANDIDACY FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY
NEW TESTAMENT AND EARLY
BY
CHRISTIAN LITERATURE)

{DEPARTMENT OF

CHESTER CHARLTON Mc COWN

o

'-^

^?y

\jt>

%\

P\5\^'S3T

Druci

voJiAugustPriosln

Leipzig.

.

1

i

I

!'!

H

C)

Y

i

i.)l.!ViKiU

Y>l

A)Un.i

TO
i;

H.

D.

M.

WHOSE CONTINUED ASSISTANCE AND ENCOURAGEMENT
HAVE MADE THIS WORK POSSIBLE

>1

Preface.
new needed. Of

A

of the Testament of Solomon has long been the published texts, Fleck's was a careless and intext
Istrin's,

accurate transcription of a single manuscript, while

which
is

was indispensable
buried in Russian.

for understanding the history of the work,

found which take
in

Of unpublished manuscripts several were us much nearer the original than did any of
Conybeare's investigation, while resulting

those already printed.

an excellent discussion and translation, labored under the disadvantage of depending upon Fleck, and, because of lack of
fuller materials,

could not avoid erroneous conclusions. In consequence of the paucity of materials there was a great variety
of opinion as to the origin, character, and value of the document.

This
to

edition cannot aspire to present all the materials nor
all

answer

the questions involved.

It is

hoped, however, that

no accessible manuscripts have been missed, and that the materials available

have been

set forth in
all

such a manner as to put

scholars in
clusions.

possession of

data necessary for accurate con-

When
lation;

the task was begun, the intention

was

to edit the text

of Fleck's manuscript with introduction, commentary, and trans-

but as the number of manuscripts discovered increased, commentary and translation were abandoned, since it was plain that the volume would be swollen beyond due proportions. The Introduction has in size far exceeded the writer's expectation and desire, and constitutes in part a commentary. The work here published has been under way for many years. Forced by ill health to leave the mission work in India
the

VI
to

Preface.

which he had intended to give his life, the writer determined to devote himself to New Testament study, to which he had been especially attracted during his theological course under the

D.A.Hayes of Garrett Biblical Institute. Directed by the Expository Times he went to Heidelberg to work under Professor Adolf Deissmann. The latter with his
instruction of Professor
characteristic

great-heartedness received the

unknown

student,

and after a few months suggested the Testament as a subject worthy of investigation. Prpfessor Albrecht Dieterich also promised to take an interest in the work. Upon Professor Deissmann's removal to Berlin and the untimely and lamented death
of Professor Dieterich the writer decided to go to Berlin. There,
beside further guidance from the former and the inspiration of
the lectures of Professors
dorfif;

Norden and von Wilamowitz-Moellen-

he had the highly prized advantage of suggestions from

Professor
as

Hermann
written.

Diels,

who read

as

much

of the manuscript

was then

As

it

became necessary

to return to

America, the

further

prosecution of the task was interrupted except for occasional
intervals during vacations until the writer
to

had the good

fortune

remove

to

Chicago where,

in

time snatched from pedagogical
practically completed under

duties, the

work was continued and
J.

the supervision of Professor E.

Goodspeed.

The manuscript

has since been read hy Professors E. D. Burton and H. Windisch.
Dr.

Montague Rhodes James went through

it

vtry carefully and

made numerous
an early
Professors

suggestions which have been gladly used.

At

stage of the work encouragement and direction were

late Dr. Eberhard Nestle, from von Dobschiitz and E. Kurz, and especially from Dr. James, These obligations are acknowledged, but not so fully as they are felt, in the footnotes and bibliography.

thankfully received from the

1920—21 the writer was Thayer Fellow of the American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem. The manuscript was put into the hands of the publisher as he was on his way to
In

In browsing among the manuscripts of the Great Greek Monastery in Jerusalem he had the good fortune to discover two manuscripts, one of the Testament, one of the legend of
Palestine.

Preface.

VII

Solomon's dealings with the demons.
the

Although the printing of

Testament has been delayed for various reasons, it was not possible to incorporate the results of the study of these manuscripts in the text.

A collation
MS

of one, called

MS

N, and a copy

of the other,
(see pp. 112

called

E, have been printed in the

Appendix

and 102* 120*) and a list of emendations suggested by MS N will be found on p. I2i*f. On the way to Palestine the writer passed through Milan and took occasion to visit its famous library and inspect the manuscript, Ambrosianus No. 1030, in which fragments of the Testament are found, described below, pp. 2of. Nothing new was discovered. The fragments seem to have been cut of some manuscript, perhaps for the sake of, what was on the recto^
which, in the case of Up, contains rules for gematric prognostication. This

— 128

fragment ends with the word

follows the

W text

^//£()«2;,

p.

7*

1.

15.

It

For the patience and wisdom of the editor of the series. many perplexing problems that have arisen and for the skill and carefulness of the publisher in overcoming the technical difficulties of a complicated critical
Professor Windisch, in dealing with

apparatus the writer cannot express too high appreciation.

The task was practically completed at the beginning of the The course of events which has prevented publication until now has given further time for revision of the manuscript and, it is hoped, thus contributed to more careful conclusions. The work is given to the public with the hope that it may
war.
assist others,

the

as it has the writer, to a better understanding of devious ways of the ancient book maker and copyist and

a better insight into the working of the popular
quity,

mind ;n

anti-

and so advance the study of the genus humanum.
24.,

Berkeley, California Dec.

192 1.

Chester Charlton

McCown.

1

Contents.
Seite

INTRODUCTION.
L General character and contents
I.

1—9
faith
i.

General character

1.

2.

The popular
2.

3.

Con-

tribution to history

of Christianity

4.

Contribution to
3

Jewish history
tents of
11.

3.

5.

The motifs of

the

work

5.

6.

Con-

MSS 6—9.
10

Description of the manuscripts

— 28

III.

MS D 10. 2. MSH II. 3. MS I 12. 4. MS L isff. 8. MS T i8ff. 6. MS Q 18. 7. MS S 18. 5. MS P I5ff. 12. Athos 11. MSW25fF. 10. MS V 21— 25. 9. MSUaof. MS 27. 13. Other MSS 28 f. Modern editions, translations, and treatises
I.
. .

28

—30

I.

Fabricius 28.
5I

2.

Fleck 28.
6.

3.

Bomemann
7.

28f.

4. Fiirst

28 f.
cals

Migne
8.

29.

Conybeare 29.
9.

Notices in periodi10.

29.

Istrin 29.
11.

Kurz
12.

29.

Hamack and

Kohler 29 f.

Salzberger 30.

Ginzberg 30.

IV.

The
I.

textual history of the Testament The manuscript families 30 f. 2. Relationships and
dates of

....
re-

30

i^

lative

the recensions 32

— 34,

3.

Evolution of the

Testament 35 f. 4. Textual value of the manuscripts and their use in reconstructing the text 36 ff.

V. Language and style
I.

38

MS D

38f.

2.

Rec.

C

sgf.
5.

3.

Rec.

B

40.

4.

Rec.

A

—43

and the original Testament 40.

Letter of

Adarkes

to So7.

lomon 40 f.

6.

Is

the Testament a translation? 42 f.

Ten-

tative conclusion 43.

VI.

The
I.

46 f.

chief ideas of the Testament Demonology 43 46. 2. Astrology 46. 3. Angelology 4. Magic and medicine 47 f. 5, Solomon 48 f. 6. Apo-

43

—5
— 90

calyptic element 49 f.

7.

Jesus Christ 50 f.

VII. Sources
I.

and relationships of the subject matter
f.

51

Syncretism 51

2.

The

universal

human
6.

element 52.

3.

fluence

Assyrian and Babylonian influences 52 fF. 54ifr. 5. Egyptian elements 55 59.

4. Iranian in-

ments and relationships 59
relationships 66 ff.
68_

— 66.

Jewish

ele-

7.

Hellenistic elements

and

8.

Christian

elements
82.
10.

and relationships

Unique mater in Unique mater in Rec. B 82 f. 12. Unique matter in Rec. C 83 13. Unique matter in MS D 85 f. 14. Solomon's seal 86 f. 15. Summary and conclusions 87 if.
9.

— 78.
A

Arabic folklore 78
II.

Rec.

82.

fi".

X
VIIL The Testament
I.

Contents.
Seite

in literature

and history
3.

.

.

.

90—104

Solomonic books of healing and magic among the Jews
94,
2.

90


I.

Solomonic books among the Arabs 94.

Among
.

Christians 94

— 104.
the Testament and
f.

IX.

The date of
3.

its
^s.

recensions
4.

105—108

Previous opinions as to date 105

Conclusions 106 f.

Date of the original Jewish ground work 108.

Date

of the recensions 108.

X. Authorship and provenience
I.

108
Autorship: Conclusions

— in

Authorship: Opinions 108 f.
3.

2.

109.

Provenience 109

f.

4.

Provenience of the recen-

sions III,

Appendix
A. ManuscriptN with a list of variant readings pp. 1 12
B. Manuscript

112— 126
E
pp. 123

— 126,

— 123.
127-136
127

BIBLIOGRAPHY
I.

Editions and reprints

11.

Translations
Treatises

127
128
.

III.

and discussions
. .

IV. General bibliography with abbreviations I. Dictionaries, encyclopedias, and periodicals 128 if.
2.

128

— 136

Modem

authors 130

— 136.

TEXTS WITH CRITICAL APPARATUS
Sigla et

....

i*— 122*
3*

Compendia Original Text of Testament Text of Recension C Text of Manuscript D I1^q\ tov 2Joko/iwvTog
Conspectus Titulorum Sigilla Anuli Salomonis Text of Manuscript E Ac^yrj^tg
:

5*

j^^
.
.

88* 98* 100*
102* 121*
122*

.

.

.

jcsqI

tov ^o/LofiSvtog

Emendationes
Corrigenda

in

Textum

INDEXES
I.

123*— 166*
123*
. ,

Grammar and syntax
Angelology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic

11.

130*

III.

Greek words

IV.

Modern Greek words
Authors

**.

134* 161*

V. Subjects and Persons
VI. Quotations from Ancient

i5l* i5c*

THE TESTAMENT OF SOLOMON.
INTRODUCTION.
I.

GENERAL CHARACTER AND CONTENTS.
is

1.

The Testament of Solomon

a combination of folktales

and a magician's vade-mecum. In its interpretations of Scripture and its legends of biblical personages it reminds one of the

Haggadah.
relate
it

In

its

stories

of

demons and
Its

their activities

it

is

similar to the

Arabian Nights.

magical formulae and recipes

to the execration tablets, the amulets,

and the magical

papyri of antiquity, and to the medical recipe books of the

Middle Ages.

The same combination of

naive popular science

and laboriously learned philosophy runs indirectly into the Faust literature, and directly into the Clavicula Salomonis, the "Key
of All Mysteries"
i.

It

is

a product of those three pseudo-sciastrology,

ences which have brought more disappointed hopes and abject
terrors
to

mankind than any others:
as a leaf
its

demonology,

and magic.
2. It is

from the

common

man's thinking that the
arouse

Testament has

chief value.

Its superstitious puerilities

intense interest,

when one

thinks of

them as recording the hopes

and fears of the vast majority of mankind. of Marcus Aurelius and the "Confessions" of
the door to

The
St.

"Meditations"

Augustine open

the innermost thoughts of two great personalities
to

who have done much

mould the life of their own and all Books like the Testament help one to understand the psychological reactions of the great shadowy
succeeding generations.
1 Cf, infra,
p.

14 and n.

i.

UNT.

9:

McCown.

2

Character and Contents.

army

of the

men who

why

philosophical

followed these leaders afar off. They explain emperor, who had learned "not to give
i,

what was said by miracle- workers and jugglers about incantations and the driving away of demons and such things" should have allowed two lions to be cast into the Danube with elaborate ceremonies and costly sacrifices, in the vain hope of winning success for the Roman arms, and should have consulted
credit to

the Chaldeans to
In spite

cure Faustina's infatuation for a gladiator 2

demonology and magic had a tremendous hold upon the great body of mankind. The Testament
of their absurdities

is doubly welcome, since unfortunately we have too few first hand sources in this field 3. 3. The document also makes a contribution to a most important chapter in the early history of Christianity, coming as it probably does from the fourth century, or earlier, and embo-

dying much older materials.
the

One

of the prominent motifs

in

work

is

the conception of Christ as conqueror of demons.
in

The

Christian compiler combines a simple, unhesitating faith

the efficacy of the pagan formulae he cites with an inconsistent
trust in

the superior power of Christus invictus. the

Dion Cassias

famous thunder storm that miraculously refreshed and discomfited their enemies during the Marcomannic war to the magic arts of an Egyptian sorcerer*. The Christians claimed the marvel came in answer to the prayers of the 'Thundering Legion', and made the incident a powerful argument for the new faiths Our author, combining the two
ascribes

the

Roman

legions

contradictory points of view, stands as a representative of the
great majority of the Christians of his time, to

whom

their faith

1 Meditations

I 6.

2

Dill,

Roman

Society

from Nero

to

Marcus Aurelins. London

:

Macmillan,

1905, pp. 446

— 450;

Lucian, Alexander 48.

3 The

Test in

superstitions left

some measure fills the gap in our knowledge of ancient by the missing books of Hippolytus' Refntatio (II and III>

5) quotes as his authority Claudius ApoUinaris, who addressed an apology to Marcus Aurelius, TertuUian makes the same apologetic use of the story, Cf. the account of Dion with that of Xifilinus in Dio Cassius

4 Hist. LXXI 8. 5 Eusebius {HE v

Cocceianus ed. Bossewain, III 259

f.

Character and Contents.

o

was but another superstition superimposed upon the old. It was impossible all at once to replace, the old sensuous paganism with a spiritual and ethical monotheism. During the long struggle

was fearfully debased and weakened. How much was carried over into the new religion the Testament of Solomon helps one partly to realize. 4. Another important semce the Testament renders in that
Christianity

of the old

it

represents, so far as

it is

Jewish, "pre-Talmudic demonology"^,
It
is,

and one might add, Palestinian demonology.

to

be

sure,

much more than
fusion

a Christian revision of a Jewish work.

A

pro-

of both Christian
in
it,

and pagan ideas and materials are to

be found

and

until these are indicated, the
2.

document must

be used with caution
to

eliminated, as they can

However, when once these elements are be with some certainty, the Test comes
thought world of
era,

be of

real assistance in reconstructing the

the Palestinian

Jew

in

the

first

century of our

and

it is,

therefore, important not only for the student of

church history,

but for the
5.

New

Testament and the Jewish scholar.
is

A

complete table of contents

given at the end of this

section.

The aim of

the present paragraph's to call attention
into the construction of the work.

to the

main ideas that enter

In the two chief recensions the story in brief

is as follows: In response to his prayers Solomon receives his famous magic ring,

in

order that he
is

may

who
the

being tormented
calls

King

the

workman on the Temple, by a demon. By means of the ring demon before him, learns the powers and
protect a favorite
in addition

activities

of

all

the demons, the formula, or angelic name^ which

frustrates

each,

and

many

secrets of nature

and of

the

future.

The demons

are used to perform various tasks in

connection with the building of the temple.
with an account of Solomon's
fall

The

story ends

because of his love for a Shunamite girl, and of the consequent loss of his power over the demons. This simple framework, without plot or progresis
of thought, allows the introduction of a bizarre medley of stories

1 Dr. Kohler,

art.

"Demonology"

in

JE

IV 518

a,

2 V. infra

III 12, a criticism of

Ginzberg's use of the Test^

I*

4

Character and Contents.

about demons.

He
ills

writes

are

The writer's chief interest is medico-magical. make known to the world what the diseases and which demons bring to mankind, and how their maleto to

be frustrated. His angelology is only a foil to his demonology, for God's messengers come to earth solely for the purpose of counteracting demonic agency. The motif of temple building, which introduces the story, is wellvolent designs are

maintained throughout, entering into almost every section. Yet,
while
ostensibly primary,
it

is

really subordinate;

it

is

part of

the background against which the author can display his demonological knowledge. Another motif is the wisdom and glory of Solomon. This also is kept continually in mind throughout the entire narrative. In one brief section the demons are for the

moment

entirely forgotten, while the magnificence of Solo-

and the homage rendered him by other nations are described. Though the "Queen
mon's
buildings,

the

wealth

of his

treasury,

of the South"

is

introduced as

a sorceress {yoriq),

it

is

without

a trace of the Jinn of the Bilkis legend.

However, Solomon's

power is due to his ring, his wisdom and magnificence to what the demons have taught him and done for him, and thus the
whole is brought within the writer's circle of ideas. Another very natural interest betrays itself. No doubt many an inquiring mind had asked how the magicians came to know the secret names and incantations by which the demons In a well known Egyptian legend, Isis, the could be laid.
divine
sorceress,

wishes to
to

learn the secret,

allpowerful

name

be bitten by a serpent, and he must reveal the name before she can cure him ^. The question which inspired the Egyptian story is more satisfactorily ansof Re.

She causes him

Solomon's magic ring forces the Testament and the wise king before his death writes all this revelations, hidden lore in a "Testament", which is handed down to future

wered

by the

generations,
their

that

they

may be
It
is

able to
in this

escape the wiles of
connection that the

demonic tormentors.

1

Erman, Handbook of

the

Egyptian Religion^

p.

154

if. it.

Unfortunately the

name

is

not pronounced aloud, and' the reader never learns

Character and Contents,

5
fall
is

motivation for the story of Solomon's

not unskillfuUy

supplied. According to one manuscript^, a demon foretells the sad end of the King's glory, and, when the prophecy is fulfilled,

the

chastened monarch,

satisfied
it

of the truth

of

all

that the

demons have

told him, writes

down.

Thus, with

all its

variety

of contents, the

work
in

is

a real unity, owing to the writer's pre-

ponderating interest
6.

magic and demonology^.

The

following inventory of the contents of the recensions

of the Testament is intended to show in the most concise manner what the various forms of the work contain. By comparison of the numbers in this list with those of the ^'Comparative Table" opposite it will be plain at once what part of the total material each manuscript contains. References to chapter and section
or to pages of the

Greek text

will, it is

hoped, render the rapid

survey of the

latter easier.
is

The "Comparative Table"

intended to show the material

contained in each manuscript, and thus to illustrate the relations

of the manuscripts one to another.

The
later.

divisions of the
is

manuoffered
is

scripts into families, or recensions, here

adopted

supported by

other considerations, as will appear

Yet the proof

by

this

table

is

so simple and decisive that further evidence

hardly necessary.
In the
table

the figures

at

the

left refer to

the sectional

numbers

in

the

conspectus

of contents on the opposite page.
in the

The

letters, a, b,

and

c,

used

columns pretaining to the

manuscripts, stand for Recensions A, B, and C, and indicate that
the recension
contains the material of the section in question.
d, h,
i, 1,

Where one
that
to
it.

of the letters:
section
cipher:

p, etc.,

appears,

it

indicates

in

that

the

manuscript shows material peculiar
that

The
not

o

indicates

the

section

is

wanting

through the carelessness of the scribe or accident to the manuscript,

by

intentional omission

on the part of the editor of

the recension.

1 P,
literatur".

XV

14

f.,

the only complete
is

MS.

But

see

MS N

in?

appendix.

2 Schiirer, 6^^^111419,

hardly right in calling the TVj^ "Unterhaltungs-

7

1

4

n6

Contents of the Recensions,

a)
1.

Prefatory matter (not originally part of Tesi)

Title

2.
3.

Doxology
David's sin with Bathsheba,

D

I

i

— 3I
D
I

4.
5.

Failure of God's attempt to stop David,

4


I i2f.

Nathan's reproof of David,

D

I 7

— 11
UVW^,
Prol.
1

6.
7.
,8.

Solomon's birth, reign, power, and wisdom, D Solomon's prayer; command to build Temple,
Building of Temple,

—5

D

II

i

;

cf.

Test I

i

b) Testament proper, matter
9.

common
i
;

to majority of
II 2

MSS

The
His

favorite slave, or chief architect, I
affliction

D

10.

by

a vampire.. I 2

3;

D
;

II 2

11. 12.
13.

Solomon's prayer about the matter,

Solomon examines

the slave, I 3f.

Solomon's supplication for

14.
15.

16.
17. 18. 19.

The answer, a magic ring, The inscription on the ring (not original) ^ Solomon gives the ring to the slave, I 8f.; D II Sf. The capture of the demon, Ornias, I 10 14; D II 10 — 13. Solomon examines Ornias, II i 9, D III i

I 3; D II D II 3f. him, I 5; D II 5 I 6f.; D II 6f.

3


is

Ornias fetches Beelzebul,

who

examined,

III

i

7<j

20. Onoskelis 21. 22.

summoned and examined, IV i — 12 Asmodaeus summoned and examined, V 1 — 5
Asmodaeus
further examined,

23. Beelzebul re-examined, 24. 25.

VI

i


i

V6 — 136
"^

1

Lix Tetrax, VII

i-8 8
VIII

The seven

sister vices,

— 12
in

26.

Phonos, IX

1—79
Testament proper continued
Recensions

c)

A

and

B

Punishment of Phonos, IX 8 28. Kyon, or Rhabdos, and the green
27.

stone,

X

i

29. Leontophoron,

XI

i

V

1 For compendia employed to indicate MSS see below, II. 2 U contains only a few lines in § 4 and again in Nos. 52 and 53. 3 About th^ middle of I 2 HI and PQ unite. 4 The inscription on the ring in HI and T is found also in an amulet (Vr) not connected with the Test. 5 Q resumes in section 40 below.

in

Comparative Table.
Rec. A.

7

5

3

7

2

6

Contents of the Recensions.

30. 31.

Koryphe drakonton, XII 1—6
Obyzuth, XIII

32. Pterodrakon, 33. 34. 35. 36. 37.

1—7 XIV 1^8
i

*

Enepsigos and the origin of the

Test,

XV i— 15
i

Kynopegos,

XVI


i

The cave spirit, XVII The thirty-six decani^


XVIII

or elements,

— 41

Treatment of decani, XVIII 42 (of all demons, XVIII 42 38. Solomon's power and glory, XIX if.
39. Saba, 40.

—44,

D

III

5—9.

Queen of the South, XIX

3
i

Quarrelsome father and son; Ornias' prophecy, XX i 2\\ D IV 41. The "Queen of the South" in the Temple, XXI 1—4, D VI 1—8 20, D VI 9 42. Ephippas, pest and wind demon of Arabia, XXII i

— 18

— 11

43.
44.

45. 46. 47.

Ephippas and the corner-stone, _XXIII i 4, D VI 9 11 Ephippas, Abezethibu, and the air-pillar, XXIV 1—5, D VI 12—14 Abezethibu examined, XXV i 9^ Solomon's fall through the Shunamite, XXVI i 7 5

The

writing of the Test,

48. Closing doxology,

H

XXVI XXVI 10 5

8

(H XXVI

8f.)5

d) Close of

MS D
i

49.
50.

Solomon and the demon prince, Samael, VII The glory and wisdom of Solomon, VIII i


C

e)

New

material in Recension

The request and promise of Phonos, IX 8 Magical recipe, IX 9^-106 53*^ 53. List of demons and their signs, X i 54. Onoskelu summoned and examined (second account) XI 9^ 55. The request and promise of Onoskelu, XI 7 6" 56. Solomon's conversation with Paltiel Tzamal, XII i
51.
52.

i

— 6^

57. Paltiel

Tzamal

secures a

"new

testament," XIII
i.

i

— — 12

58. 59.

The

preservation of the "great mystery,"

e.,

Rec. C, XIII i3f.

Solomon's conclusion and signature, XIII 15

60. Subscription of copyist of

MS V

(partly cryptographic)

1

MSS HL

omit

XIV 3-XVI
has an unique

i.

2 In XVIII 4

P

text.

L

breaks off at the end of XVIII
a longer text than

28.

3 In XIX P has numerous additions. 4 MS Q reappears in XX 10. P often has
5 In many
an inflated one.
sections

H.

H

presents a highly abbreviated text, in

XXVI 8—10

The B

text is here

probably

better.

Comparative Table.

lO

,

Manuscript D,

II.

DESCRIPTION OF THE MANUSCRIPTS.

that

The manuscripts are here described in the briefest manner seemed consistent with the desire to put the reader in posof the

session

main
their

facts

necessary to estimate their relative

importance and

relationships.

They

are taken up in the
is,

order in which they appear in the foregoing table, that

fol-

lowing the alphabetical order of the letters which have been chosen to symbolize them, which is also the order of priority
in the

development of the
I.

Test.
ff.

D

Dionysius monastery, Mt. Athos, No. 132^

367^—

rov 2oXofi<5vTog] published by Istrin, cf. Edition No. 4; collated by photograph^, from which the title is missing; pages of Tesl
374^,

XVI

cent;

entitled it^Qi

deleted
Istrin

by

transverse lines

^

no description of the manuscript. The photograph shows it to have been carefully and correctly written and well preserved; it seems to be in small format. The hand is heavy, round, and beautifully clear, with the customary ligatures
gives

and abbreviations. Orthography and punctuation (comma, question mark,

and period) are exceptionally good.
lacking.

The

iota sub-

script

is

instance an omitted
in

another the
letter

The ^ is often written like an v. In one word was added at the bottom of the page; order of two clauses was reversed by putting
first,

the

^ before the

a before the second ^

Otherwise
later

there are no

important corrections or erasures.

A

hand

has added marginal notes giving some of the subjects mentioned

The title given by Istrin appears to have been above the ornamental head-piece, and only the lower part of the letter jt appears in the photograph. The Solomonic writing, which fills eight leaves, was wrongly bound. The leaves
in

the

text.

written

are

in

the

order 367—371, 374, 373, 372.

The page on which
Dr,

1 Secured during tlie summer of 1914 through Leipzig-Marienbrunn, by whose permission it is used.

Heinrich Jantsch,

2 3

It

does not appear to be noticed
occurs for
xextijf^ai,
I

by Lambros
10;

in his Catalogue,
<prjol is

xitcrtifxe

oixela for Gttia 112,4;

always written with the grave accent.

Manuscripts

D

and H.

II

the next selection begins appears to be 375. Tiie writing covers

only about two-thirds of

f.

374^, something having been erased

from the remainder of the page. F.366^ contains the conclusion of a religious or ecclesiastical writing which I do not recognize K

On

f

37S''

begins a selection described in another hand as
kif,

elc

tovg alQsrixovc, X6y{oi)
2,

q>illa

b\
Earl of Leicester,

H

Private library of the

Holkham

Hall,

Norfolk,

logue as "Opuscula theologica varia,

England, No. 99, described in the cataon paper, Quarto

XV

and

XVI

cent'"

The

Test

is
i

of the
recto

XV
and
f.

cent; cm.
35 verso

16x21.5; 35
blank,
d^^XTjg

^-i

unnumbered; f

making 68 pages;
ooXoftmvrog, etc;
is

entitled dn^yrjcfig jisqI rrjg 6ta-

well preserved,

unpublished
v,

3,

The
easily

writing

large, round,

and

clear;

y and
rare.

s

and a may

be confused.
is

Ligatures and abbreviations are frequent;
is

iotacism often appears; the iota subscript
tion,

The punctua-

.which

intelligently used,

consists mainly of the period,

placed sometimes higher, sometimes lower. Corrections and erasures are rare.
It
is

the only manuscript which boasts rubrics

placed before the chief divisions of the story.
1

The
\

title

and the

x^iQovaa naQaaxTlqi xaq aidlovg ixelvovg (in -ag and ends, ov 6^ xal rjuelq ftETQtwg fisv ^vtavO^a, nXovlalwg 6s ixet xalg aatq oalaig eijxtxTg int\ xvxoifJ.sv' ;^a<)iTi xov K(vgio)v xal 0{so)v xal G[wxif)Q{o)q r)fXo>v l(7joo)r
begins,
corr.)

The page

xal S-siag

iXXdfjttpeig nXov\alQ)g asl Ssxofiivrj

.

.

.,

\

x(qiozo)v' (pln^eTCSt itaaa

(Colalrt^u/),

etc.

2 It is called ^lEjc^fia^e xax iTtizoft^v ^xov xwv laHQ)p'Cx(bv\S6yfxaxog' xal x(by aXXoDv ibv notova'C naQO. x^jv\ixxXriaiaarii<^v xal d^S-oSo^ov niaxiv xe xccl 7ia^d\6oaiv' ovyyQa<petaa naQd. drjfirjXQlov fxrixQ07io\XLXOv ^vt^vxov ix tcqoXQ07ii]{(g)) xov (fiXoxQiotov xwvaxavxlvov xov noQ<pvQoy£VV'^xov v\ov X£ov\xog
\

xov oofpov^ iv y seal nsgl twv xax'itx'C,aQl<Dv: Inc.: ^EitetSri aov x^v vneQ(fwrj xal x<b ovxt paaiXixa)xdxi]v <pvaiv ^^aiQBXov xt XQfjfia d-{Eb)g xui xoafio) the page ends with xal ngbg xov xwv laxwpixibv 6tccv6oxriaev iSco^rjaaxo .:
|

.

.

^sXeyxov

Sg av

fi^\xal ovxoi dieox^a/ipiiva xal ^Xdatprjf^a Soyftaxa.

3 Professor Deissmann very kindly made inquiries concerning the Tesi while lecturing in Cambridge in 1907. Dr. M. R. James informed him of the Holkham Hall MS, and later was so kind as to send me a copy of the first nineteen pages. In January, 1908, I went to Holkham and, through the generosity of the owner and the goodness of the librarian, Alexander I. Napier, Esq., was allowed to collate the MS in the library of the Hall. It is published by
permission of the owner.

12
initial

Manuscripts

H

and

I.

letters

of the

lesser

sections

are

also in red.

In

XXII

has been mistaken for /. q for Aside from the Test the contents of the codex are theological and ecclesiastical. There is nothing to indicate its prolo,

II

venience except a tract copied in the same hand as the Test and called in the catalogue '']ohdiTints Canabutii magistri ad

principem Aeni et Samothraciae" ^ This seems to point to Greece.
3.

I

BibHotheque Nationale, Paris, Supplement grec, No. 500, XVI cent, paper, cm. 16x22; ff. 78—82; entitled coXoficovTogf etc., with diad-rjxT] rov added in a careless

hand

in the

published

by

upper margin of the page; well preserved; Istrin, cf. Edition No. 4.
slender,

The
are

writing

is fine;

extremely frequent and
lotacism
is

intricate,

and somewhat crowded;, ligatures abbreviations and com(pgirxo:) (II i);

pendia numerous.
script

comparatively rare; Attic orthoe.
g.,

graphy appears occasionally;
is

the iota subperiod),
the

wanting;

the

punctuation

(comma and

and the use of breathings and accents correct. Corrections and erasures are very rare. Although a broad margin has been left, marginal variants and glosses are wanting.
division of words,

The

title

with a conventional ornamental head-piece above

it,

the magical inscription of the ring, and occasional
of sections are rubricated.

initial letters

The codex
Ecclesiastes

contains

a miscellaneous collection of

classical,

philosophical, ethical, theological,

and

biblical writings, including

and Canticles, some of them unfinished. The Test follows the two Solomonic works just mentioned. Unfortunately, as with some of the other works, the copyist soon became weary of the stories of the many demons and broke off in the middle of a sentence and a column, when he had written about one sixth of the Test, The well known Greek scholar, Minoides Minas, whose name appears on one of the fly leaves at the back, owned the codex, and through his heirs it came into the Bibliotheque Nationale in
1 Johannes Canabutzes was a Graeco-Italian from Chios, Krumbacher, BLg,
first

half of the-

fifteenth century,

Manuscripts

I

and L.

I

^

1864.

vernment
unknown.
4.

Minas had been under commission from the French goto seek manuscripts in European Turkey, Asia Minor,

and especially at

Mt
it

Athos.

Where he

acquired this one

is

Doubtless
Harleian

was somewhere
British

in the

Levant ^

L

MSS,

cm. 23x34,

XV

Museum, No. SS96; 58 ff., paper, described in the printed catalogue cent,

as "Geomantica, exorcismi, divinationes et huius modi,"

with the addition in the written "Class-catalogue" of the

words *'quaedam Salomonis;" well preserved, unpubliFour fragments are used as follows: i) ff. 8^ i8s the title, originally missing, supplied by a later hand
shed.

in

Latin:

"Quomodo Solomon
colloquitus
f.

aedificaturus
et

templum
edoctus,''

cum
2)
f.

spiritibus

fuit,

multa

33^ and 4) ff. 39"^— 4i'- (On the last three fragments, which are designated by T, see below\)

r—1\
is

3)

The
beauty.
less so.

writing

low, broad, round,
it is

run together,

yet

regular,

very

Abbreviations and ligatures
lotacism
is

and heavy; it is somewhat clear, and not without are frequent, compendia
iota subscript does not

not frequent.

The

appear.

The comma

(rather infrequent), the period, and, at the
triple period make up and Greek glosses are

end of the more importand sections, a
the punctuation. Erasures,
corrections,

wanting.

A
and
a

later

hand has added

in Latin,

besides the

title,

occasional marginal notices and translations, and has

marked by
use of the

a

cross

circle those peculiar directions for the

Test as

magical remedy for disease which render this

MS

unique.

The

MS

also has the distinction of

being the only one
are seven to eight

written in columns, two to the page.

They
lines.

centimeters wide, and contain twenty
colors are

In fragment
It is

i)

no

used except on the seal of Solomon.
letter,

painted

1 In a personal

dated April 10, 1908, M.
the
three

Omont

very kindly gave

me

information regarding

MSS

of the Test found in the Bib. Nat.

Regarding
d'une
list

this one he says: "Suppl. gr. 500. Provient de Minoide Mynas, no. 35 de ses manuscrits, mais sans qu'on puisse autrement preciser I'origine

du volume." My wife copied the MS in Paris in 1907. I compared copy vi^ith the original then and again in Heidelberg, where it was sent through the customary diplomatic channels to the University library for my use.
orientale

the

14

Manuscript L.

with silver over red, as
before each

are

the

titles

of the sections in
as well as the article

the,
(o)
4),

Clavicula (see below), and the

numbers

name

in the list of fifty-one

demons (Fragment
is

The

rather

coarse,

yellow paper of the codex

beginning

to

decay. At of the leaves have rubbed until a few letters have disappeared. Harleian MS 5596 is entirely filled with magical, astrological,

one spot in the lower half of the inner column many

and demonological matter, evidently written by a mediaeval
in his profession.

magician for practical use
(ff.

The

largest part

18 -44"^)

is

taken up
it

by

the Greek form of the Clavicula
3)

Salomonis^. vely in
found.

Fragments Recensions A and C
In
first

and

4),

which appear

respectiTest,

in

other

MSS

of the

are
brief

The

seven leaves of the codex contain various

magical, geomantical, and astrological excerpts and observations,

ending with Fragment

2),

which

is

the

second form of

the
I

Onoskelis story, found in Recension
of these excerpts bring this
contains
//hadi
(sic)

C
viz.,

of the Test,

Two

other

MS

into relation with

MS V,

which

a copy of Recension C;
2,

bxsQa

rov Uvd'ayaQOv
table,"
I
:n:Xivd'7]q

(sic)

f.

5^^

col. 2,
2,

and a "Pythagorean

f;3,

f 6^, col.

both also found in

MS

V.

have

disco-

MS in which the Clavicula and the Test appear together, and that is MS W, in which there are three very badly written pages of the former and a complete copy
vered only one other
1

This

well
is

known

niagico-astrological

work,

though mediaeval

in

its

present form,

based on older materials. The Harleian

MS

contains the longest

Greek copy I have seen. The vy^OfiavTSla in Munich MS. 70, ff. 240—253 (cf. CCAG VII 3, 3, f. 240), is well written, but shorter. Paris, g^raec. 2419 (= MS W) has, as remarked above, only a fragment, and that miserably written. It is to
this last that Reitzenstein
'to

refers in

Poim, 187, n,

i.

me

only through catalogues, are Turin

C YII
z?Jq

15,

f.

Other Greek MSS, known 75V [CCAGIY 16), called
Cai
I

t^f/avsia;
(282),
.

Mt. Athos, Dionysios monastery,
entitled

(Lambros,
ndatjg

400) No. 3816.4
ly^of/avriag^
Italian,

f.

28v~37r,

zd

xXri6)iv

t^/v?/?

t7Jq

.

.

avpzsd-sp

naQO. rov SoXofiiovzog,

x.

r.

L

Latin,

French,

and
into

English

MSS
S.

of the Clavicula are numerous.

Cf. the translation

from Latin

English by

JE^

art,

"Solomon,
V, V,

L. M. Mathers, Ciavictila Salomonis^ London, 1889, Seligsohn in Apocryphal Works" (XI 447), accepts a Hebrew original.
form.
(cf.

He knows no Greek
2 3

MS MS

f.
f.

274

CCAG IV

41, Bon. Univ. 3632).

274V, closing the ^nioxoX^

Uv^ayoQov.

5

Manuscripts

L

and

P.

1

of Recension

C

of the

latter.

Fragment

i),

or L, contains about

Test, ending in the middle of a column. While on a brief visit to England in January and February, 1908, I undertook to go through all the Greek MSS of magical contents in the British Museum, as well as all the Solomonic

two-thirds of the

literature

in

Latin, French,

and English.

In the course of the

search

I

came
the

across the Onoskelu story, then the longer frag-

and later the other pieces in the Clavihave been able to get no light on the of the codex. But it certainly has Italian relationprovenience ships, since the "Pythagorean'* letter and table are found in several other Italian MSS ^ besides V, and S of Vienna which

ment
acla.

,of

Test (L),

Unfortunately

I

is

closely related to V^.
5.

P Bibliotheque
(Colbert 4895);
in three

Nationale, Anciens fonds grecs, No. 38

XVI

cent, paper, cm. 15.5x20.5; 24

ff.

quaternions; well preserved; entitled dtad^x?]
etc.;

ooXofiSvrog,

published

by

Fleck, reprinted in part
cf.

by
and

Furst,
3.

and

entire

by Migne;

Editions Nos.

i,

2,

The manuscript has been carefully and intelligently written. The handwriting is somewhat unskilful and angular in appearance, but easily readable. The letters are ligatured as ordinarily in the sixteenth century, but compendia and abbreviations
are rare, even such words as d-sog and
written

TsQoCoXv^a being often

out in

full.

lotacism

is

very

rare.

The

iota subscript,

the

accents,

and the breathings are almost always correctly
at various heights,
is most profusely employed gegen jede auf bestimmte Grund-

given.

Unfortunately the punctuation, consisting of the comma,

and the period
satze basierte

and, as Furst says, "verstoBt

Abzeichnung der Satzteile"^. Not only has the manuscript been carefully
of
it

written,

but

part

has also been through
letters

the hands

of a corrector.

A

large

number of
CCAG IV
19,
f.

which seemed uncertain to the co(Taurin.
f. f.

1 Cf. 53 (Neapol.
1030,
f.

(codd.

Ital.)

15

44), 75 (Florent.

= Laurent.

5,

39V), 31 (Mutin. 11,

f.

77),

29,

38); also Milan (Ambros.)
col.

247.

2 Cf.

CCAG VI

33.

3 Orient V,

596 note.

6

1

Manuscript P.

pyist were

marked with three dots, in other instances he left part of a line vacant for the insertion of the proper words. Two

first page, where blacker ink, smaller and more crowded letters, and more numerous abbreviations;;) show that the words were put in later i. In one case the corrector hit upon the right text; in the other he missed. On f. a^^s a similar blank was left, but the corrector was too uncertain to put his conjecture in the text; it remains on the margin, Unfortunately he failed to go carefully through the entire manu-

such cases occur on the

|

'

script,

and not

all

of the uncertain places received his

attention.

Occasional corrections were
Initial

made

in the

course of the writing 3.
in

letters of sections are enlarged,

and

two or three

in-

stances the
blank.

closing

lines

of paragraphs have been

left partly

No

attempt has been
It

made

to rubricate or decorate the

manuscript.

contains only the

Test.
little

As
It

to the

provenience of the codex
le

can be made

out.

belonged to the library of M.
in

President de

Mesmes
1739^.

accor-

ding to the catalogue printed by Montfaucon

in

Henri
his

de Mesmes died
scripts

1596, his son, Jean-Jaques,

who

inherited

manuscripts, in 1642.

In 1679 Colbert bought about 215 manufrom the Duchesse de Vivonne, great-granddaughter of the former 5, among them the Test, as the list shows®. The

manuscripts of Colbert came into the Bibliotheque du Roi in 1732

"'.

In the catalogue of the Bibliotheque Royale (later Nationale) of

1740^
library

it

is

of de

mentioned as "No. 38 olim Colbert." Back of the Mesmes it cannot be traced. Above the beginfirst

ning of the text on the

page

is

written

"Codex

Colb. 4895
in

Regius 2913
flourishes.
1 In

3",

preceded by a short word ending
to

many

Of

this,

me

illegible,

part of the superscription

I C. 3, 4I 9.

2 In C.
are

Similar blanks are
5,

left

in II

3,

XXVI
6,

3, 4.' 2, 3,

Marginal

notes

found in IV
1,

V

19,

VII
2.

3,

VIII

7, p, 10,

IX

XIII

XVIII

27, 37,

XIX
is

XX

I.

3
in

Cf*XVIII
31.

33,

XXVI

The only
IF,
I,

serious

omission due

to carelessness

XXI
5

4

Bib. bib. mss.,

p.

1327.

Cf. Delisle,

Cab. des, msc,

pp. 469, 471,

and Omont, Inv, IV, pp. XXI,
7 Delisle, op. cit p. 439.

XXX.

6

It is msc. tat,

9364

f.

ll

in the Bib. Nat.

8 Cat. codd. mss.

bib. reg,,

voU.

1—4,

Paris,

1739—1744'

:

Manuscript P.

1/

M. Omont says: "'Cent': ce numero est une code d'inventaire vraides manuscrits de la duchesse de Vivonne; il provient tres senibabletnent des de Mesmes^i.

Du

This manuscript has been occasionally noticed by scholars. Cange used it in his Glossarium published in 16882, referring

to "Salomonis

Testamentum ex Codd. Reg. 18433

et

Colbert,"

and adding "vide notas nostras as Zonarae Annal. p. '^'^'K In these ISIotae, published in 1687, he gives the title almost as in P with the remark, "legimus apographum ex Bibliotheca Thuanea."
Either this
is

a slip of the

memory, or
title.

was merely a copy of the

de Thou (died 1617) was sold in nuscripts being acquired by Colbert.
catalogues of the library of de

"apographum" The library of Jaques August 1680, most of the ancient maelse the

But none of the printed
Test^.

Thou show any copy of the
until
it

Other references to the Testament are secondary and rest

upon Du Cange 6 or Gaulmin, the manuscript and published
the basis of
all

finally

Fleck came across

in

1837.

His edition' has been
this piece of

subsequent labors upon

Solomonic

literature, until the publication

of Istrin®.

1 In the personal

letter

above referred

to,

p,

13, u,

i.

2

Gloss,

ad

scrip, med. et infin» graec, (Paris, 16S8), II, col. 32, in "Index

Auctor. Graec. ined,"

3
ed.

4 Zonarae Annalia
5
Cf. Delisle,

Now Du

Far. gr. 2419, see below
Cangius, Parisiis 1686
I,

MS W.
2 vols,

7,

Cab. des msc,

p.

phie Universelle (Paris 1826),
verselle (Paris

XLV,

p.

471; Omont, Inv^ IV, p. XXX; Biogra505 and n. 17; Nowvelle Biographie Uni-

1866),

XLV,

p.

229; MaicheU, Intro,

ad

hist.

lit.

de praecip. bibL

Paris., p.

60.
le

Concerning
ms. 38,
crois

this

M. Omont,
c'est

in the letter already mentioned, says

"Bien que

comme
II

vous

le verrez lui

provienne de

De Mesmes
fait

et

non de

De Thou,
p.

je

cependant que
t.

auquel
cas,

Du Cange
il

allusion k la

9

des notes

du

de Zonaras.
le

En. tons

n'y avait pas

de ms. du

Testament de Salomon dans
th^que de

Catalogue imprime au XVIIe siecle de la Biblio-

p.

De Thou." 6 So the references by Hemsterhuis in Thomas Magister (Lugd. Bat, 1757), 636, and Etymolog. Mag. (ed. Gaisford, Oxford 1848), p. 142, 7, depend upon

the Glossarium.

Fabricias reprinted the title from Zonaras. On a slip pasted on the inside of the cover of the codex one reads: 'Testamentum Salomonis,

Fictitium,

Daemonum. 4895."
the use of

non semel laudatum a Gauminio in Notas ad Psellum de operat. This is a mistake. On Gaulmin's quotations see below on
,

MS W.

7 Edition
cf.

No.

1;

cf.

infra Intro III

i.

8 Edition No. 4; UNT. 9: McCown.

infra Intro III 4.
2

8

1

Manuscripts Q, S and T,
6.

Q

Andreas Convent, Mt. Athos, No. T% ff. cent; published by Istrin, cf. Edition No. 4^.
Istrin

n—

15:

XV

Although
or critical
letters

has given no description of the manuscript apparatus, \t is evident from the number of omitted
in brackets,

which he has supplied
it

as well as from the

frequent longer lacunae that
fective exemplar.

was

carelessly copied from a de-

The manuscript
the
first
I

contains
last

only about one third of P;

viz.,

ninety

and the

two hundred thirty-seven

lines,

cc. Ill

— XX
f,

9 being omitted.

The omission

occurs near the

bottom of
its

12^,

many

pages, evidently, having

dropped out

of

exemplar.
7.

S Vienna, codex

philos. graec.
;

108; paper, cm, 19x25;

XVI

cent; well preserved
.

the greater part unpublished.
i)

Contains two unpublished fragments:
twelve seals said in
the ring of Solomon,
in the

copies of the

MSS
f.

VW
7),
f.

to

have been found on

361^; 2) one of the recipes found

same recension (VII
contains

167^2
matter, and many'
of

The codex

much

astrological
It

Solomonic amulets and
amulets like those
in

selections.

has a large number

MS

V, and long selections of magical
in

content written in the peculiar cryptography to be found
that

manuscript

They must,
its

therefore,

S having beeh copied from
learned anything concerning
8.

V

or

its

exemplar.

be of related origin, I have not

provenience.

T

British
4.

Museum, Harleian

MS

No. SS96;

cf.

supra,

No.

This manuscript has already been fully described.
rent letter, T,
is

A
MS

diffe-

used to designate the three fragments which

are

1

I

none was

attempted tq secure a photograph of this manuscript, as of sent. No reason was given for the failure.

D, but

2
is

Cf.

CCAG

edited in the catalog.

VI (Codd. Vindobon.), p. i. Some of the Solomonic matter The names of the decani from ff. 357 ff, (p. 73 ff.), bear
to

practically

no resemblance
cf.

those in the

Test XVIII,

yet the materials are
it

ultimately related;

infra p. 56.

I studied the

codex in Berlin, where

was

very kindly sent to the imperial library for

my

use.

Manuscript T.

ig

not incorporated in the incomplete copy of the Test found in this manuscript, and which belong to different recensions.
T** (or

simple T) designates a fragment containing the variant

story of Onoskelis (Rec. C, XI), and part of Solomon's conversation with Paltiel
It

Tzamal (Rec,
title

Q

XII 1—4, and 6
col.
i

— in part —
f.

).

begins without

in

the middle of

on
it

separated from a magic formula which precedes
space,

7^ being by a slight

and ends
leaf.

in

the middle

of

col. 2

on the verso of the
is

same

The remainder of

the column
f.

blank.

The

Test

begins at the top of the next column,

8".

T' designates a fragment from the Clavicula containing a representation of a seal and inscription which, according to MSS HI, was that on Solomon's ring. The seal, an elongated sixsided figure containing ten circles and various magical characters with the word (J«j9aa>^, takes up the greater part of the first column on the page (f. 33''), and following it are given certain instructions and the inscription (cf. infra p. 2/3.), which runs over into the second column, under the rubric jieqI xov da^xvXidiov, The Test in this manuscript (L), contains a somewhat different but closely related version of the inscription on the seal. T*^ designates a section in the Clavicula which contains the list of fifty (or fifty-one) demons which makes up a considerable portion of the unique matter in Rec. C. It runs from f. 39^^
(bottom) to
(sic)
f.

41^' (top), and

bears the rubric,

eVe^a

^iQa^r^o,

T^e ccvT^g. The previous section has for its rubric, erega jtQa§?]g xov xad^QBJtxov (modern Greek, mirror). It is an exorcism of a certain female demon and her people (^ xvqo. ^aalXtCCa
Gov)
rj

avfiJtlkia Ofiov fis

xov Xaov

in

order that they
particularly

may

eCv xal ol agxovxsg perform certain services for the
rrjg
. .

.

truthfully any Greek with an Italian flavor, much more modern than the already late Greek of the list of fifty demons. T** is followed by a list of the demons and angels that rule each hour of the day, and another of the ruling planets and the work proper to each hour of the day. Both of these subjects had already been covered more

magician,

that

they

may answer

questions he

may

ask.

It is

written in very late

briefly in an earlier part of the Clavicula]

that

is,

the writer

is

20

Manuscripts

T and U.

here adding to the Clavicula matter of various kinds that belongs to the same sort of magic, but was not found in his copy. The
last

two sections he probably found in another recension of the Clavicula, for they appear without great difference of text in the Munich codex i. The origin of the list of fifty demons will be discussed later 2. The text of T^ covers about one fifth of
Rec. C.
9.

U
I)

Ambrosian
16x22.6;
f.

library, Milan,
ff

No. 1030 (H 2

inf.);

paper,

cm.

As
found,

this

XVI cent; two fragments: (= Ud), 2) 252V (= Up). 233-, manuscript is known to me only through the cata1—378;
f.

logue^ and a photograph of the page on which Fragment
a
full

i) is

description

of

it is

impossible.

As

to the hand-

writing of the page photographed, however, and general contents,
it

closely resembles manuscripts
It

V

and W, discussions of which
^

follow.

has two pages from the Clavicula^, here called v^qo-

fiavreia as in

table found in

MS No. 70, the "Pythagorean"' letter and Harl. MS No. 5596 and Bologna University MS 3632,
Munich
found
in the

and some

astrological matter

Bologna manuscript^.
lineis deleta."

The manuscript
of them, like
I

contains several unfinished fragments, some
"transversis

those from the Test,
filled

should judge that the scribe

up odds and ends of time

and space by copying little sections from other manuscripts. Thus he started in on the list of demons, and when he had reached the bottom of the page stopped. He probably had or its exemplar before him, for he usually follows the text.

W

W

U^

designates a fragment which,

like T<^,

contains the

list

of demons given in Rec. C.
fugitive fragment, with

In this case, however, it is a mere no relation to what precedes or follows,
it

except as

it

is

all

of astrological character, and

does not comVII
12.

1 Cod. 70,

ff.

2431-— 246r;

ff.

24or— 243r.

2

Cf. infra

3 CCGBA, II 1096. The photograph was obtained through Dr. H. Jantsch, as was that of MS D; cf. supra^ p. lo, n. i. 4 Cf. supra, p. 14 n. i. 5 Cf. supra^ pp. 14, ns. 2—3. Here it reads, nv^txyoQov fjXtodQ}Q(p XccLQetv noXXa naB-lv, xvl.

6
?'

Ttegl

Twv

5'

paxavwv

(sic),

f.

250; tcsqI

foxav&v i^

"Qoidiojv

xal riov

7l)MVTjT(5v,

t 246 r.

Manuscripts

U
It

and V.

21
title,

plete the
yidaiisvog

list,

ending with §

11.

bears the

Aaiiioov 0<pQa'

vjtb 6ajiv^uwvog rdde bIjcs,

Aatfiovicov dvvafistg xal

ovofiara.

have chosen to designate a little fragment which begins very abruptly in the middle of a sentence in § S of the "Prologue" to Recension C, with the words, JiQog avtoV oo?.of£<Dv, aoXofimv, xvgiog 6 d-eog aov eqeI. The catalogue does not quote

Up

I

farther,
10,

nor give the

explicit.

V

Bologna, Library
ff.,

of the University,

MS

475

paper, cm. 21.9x29.6;

XV

cent.;

written

No. 3632; by a

physician, John of Ai-o
Testy entitled Jiad^^xr]

(or the

son of Aro, or Aron);

rov 6oq)coraxov (foXoftSprog, xtX.,
(f.

436^—441^; Unpublished 2.
ff.

dated

441^)

December

14,

1440*.

The codex
leather binding

is

poorly

preserved.

The
book

leather of the halfis

is

torn away, and the

almost in pieces.

The rough, gray paper is becoming discolored, yet the writing One would not form a high estimate of the education is distinct
of Dr. John from his handwriting,
irregular,

for

it

is

loose,

careless,
is
rj,

and
v\

and

his lines

run up
is

hill.

His spelling
ec,

equally uni,

satisfactory.

No

distinction

made between,

ot,

and

between a and e; or between o and (d. Often /3 arfd v, occasionally a and et^ are interchanged. The accents are usually placed on the right syllable, but no attention is paid to the distinction between acute, grave, and circumflex, the
on
is
8,

last

appearing even
iota subscript

wanting.

The breathings also are The punctuation,

interchanged.
consisting of

The

comma and

period,

is

in general not bad,

but not entirely consistent.

Abbreviations,

ligatures,

and compendia are extremely frequent. Well known words or forms are abbreviated by leaving off the last few
1 Cf.

CCAG IV
at

(codd.

Ital.

praeter Flor. etc.) 46.

Olivieri,

"Indice", 452.

2 Through the customary diplomatic channels the
sity

officials of the

Univer-

Library

Heidelberg very kindly secured the loan of this
to

MS
I

for a period

of three

months from February

May, 1908, and
it

later the extension of the

time for three months more, transferring
the

also to Berlin,

where

had gone

for

summer

semester. This gave opportunity for a careful study of the whole codex.
ligature for ei closely resembles a

3 Probably because the

common form

of a.

22
letters.

Manuscript V.

The

title,

the subscription, and the

initial letters

of the

chief sections are rubricated. Corrections, erasures, and marginal

notes are wanting.

The
for

contents

of the

codex are

instructive both as to the

medical practice and the
they include
all

religious beliefs of the

Middle Ages,
in

sorts

of pseudo-scientific biological inforformulae,

mation, pages of medico-magical

partly

crypto-

graphy

unique by

and long astrological treatises. The codex is rendered its cryptography and by the large number of illustrations, poorly drawn and highly colored, including drawings of animals and plants, and magical and astrological figures.
*,

The
by
i)

Test stands in gathering

jw

of the codex, being preceded
2)
jteQt
/9o-

ka^VQipd-og rov ao^ov CoXofimPZog, f 43 5 ""^ ^^^
i^'

rmv Tav(5v rSv £'
fioravSv
OVSlQOXQLXOg 6

^mdimv

sQfiov
f.

rov TQiCfisylaTov zal

Jtagl

nXavrjxoiv,
a7]Q7]fl*

435^^.

Following the Test comes
TCal UTaltV BXBQOq

XOL ETEQOQ OVBlQOXQirOq

xai dXg)a^7]Tov. After the letter jc of this third oveiqoxqitoq the codex ends (f. 475). Two further writings mentioned in the
jtiva^
(f.

16^')

are wanting;

i)

evii}

xov aylov xvjtQtavov

xal

sTBQov

(sic)

rov aylov yQiyoglov, and

2) xal ertQeg rix^atg rov

ooXofKDVTog \ None of these items were originally
part

in the jcim^,

but the writit>gs themselves are in the same hand as the greater
of the book.

They

evidently were not a part of the

ori-

ginal plan of the copyist.

The codex

contains also the "Pytha-

gorean" matter found in Harl. 5596^ but in this case the copyist saved himself trouble by pasting in six leaves, the first five of
which, containing the "Pythagorean" ther hand,
letter,

were written

in ano-

Dr. John continuing on the sixth.

The

titles

of the

1 Cf. m/ray p. 23 and

u.

i.

2
St.

Cf. Berthelot,
f.

Cot. alch, I

I56f.,

Texte grec
cent.); I

I

XXsgf.
it

(from
also in

MS

299,

Mark's, Venice,

102 v,

XIV

or

XV

have found

Munich

^S 395 (Hardt, IV 228), and Brit. Mus. Add. MS 34060, f. 162V. The Bologna MS lacks the text which in three different forms accompanies the Labyrinth
in the above three

MSS.
134,

3

Cf.

CCAG IV

VI

Z-i,

VII 29;

Fr. Boll in

N JBB kl AH XXI
this the Clavkula'i
n.
5.

(1908),

no

n. 2; see

below p. 26 on MS W. 4 See below on MS W, p. 26, ». 2. 6 a. supi-a, p, 14 and ns. 2 3 and

5 Was
p.

20 and

Manuscript V.

23

writings

which were pasted in are an original part of the jtlvag, and therefore, probably of the plan. From the similarity of subject matter it is plain, I think, that T, U, and V are very
closely related.

The
it

Test covers the lower two thirds of

f.

436^, on which

begins.

After fifteen lines at the top of the succeeding page,
is

all

the

remainder

occupied by the twelve seals which were
ring,

engraved on Solomon's

with an additional circle in which
is

the description of the seals given in the text

repeated K

The

next six pages are written

solid,
first

the writing space averaging

cm. 17.5x25,

On

f.

441^ the

eleven centimeters

of the
to rein the

writing space are occupied

present a magic writing
text (Rec.
^ovX(ci)
it
7]i^

by a circular figure intended of Solomon which is mentioned
axsvsi avrov.
follow

C

XIII

14),

and bearing the superscription,

avT{t])

6g)6Q£o{e)

stands
lines

another,

OmXo^ov kjiavo rrj empty circle. There

^ Beside

the concluding

five

and then the subscription, consisting of seven lines, the first five of which are in the cryptographic character peculiar to this MS and Vienna 108.
of the Testj

The

subscription,

reduced to ordinary characters,
etsi

is

given
efiov

in the Text, p. 212.

Lines five and six read, eygag)?] Jtag
^<;<l^fid'

'Ico{avvov) laxQOV
A6X£((i)^qIco i6\

rov aQO iv

{Ivdtxrcovoci) 6' ev firjvl

The
line

*name, 'iwavvov

is

abbreviated to

Ico,

the

remainder of the
graphic

up

to

and including ago being

in crypto-

graphic characters.
characters,

On

f 362'' the

name
327'

is

given again in cryptofull,

this

time spelled, out in

as

follows:

loavov latQov rov agov.
loavov rov ago rov largov.
reading of the characters,

On

f.

it

is

found again thus:

since

There can be no doubt as to the by a combination of two lists

of words and their equivalents in different parts of the codex a

key

is""

formed to the cryptography 2.

Aro

I

take as a place

name, but

am

unable to locate
is

it.

As

to date there

no

difficulty, since that part

of the sub-

scription

exhibits

only the

common
crit., cf.

abbreviations.

The world

1 Called

Vs

in the apparatus

p. 214.

2 The writer has in preparation an

article

on

this

cryptography.

24

Manuscript V.

year 6949 corresponds to 1440— i. The indiction, four, fits that year according to the table given by Gardthausen. The date is, therefore, December 14, 1440. On f 269^ (bottom) one reads
the date
6939, or
^<j^Jl^',

and on

f.

327"^ after

the name, fi<l^v0\ that

is,

1430— I, and
1.

6952, or 1443
is

— 4.

Although the meaning
I

of the accompanying notice
astronomical remark

not clear to me,

take

it

for an

That on f. 327'" has the appearance of having been added to the page at the lower margin after the original writing had been completed. As we have already seen, the codex falls into two parts, the second beginning with gathering II, f. 435, and there is no reason why the first part may not have been written last, yet I incline to think the date was added after the writing. There are several other writings in the codex which in the jtiva^ are called jrga^tg Uokoficovrog, all of them having to do with magic. The references to Solomon, however, were added after the first writing of the index, and it would seem that after

came to the conSolomon was the great source of all magical science and proceeded to give him due credit. The Tesi may well have been the cause of this opinion. Most of the writings marked jrQac,tg 2oXo^wvroc, have no relation to the ancient king, except that they are magical. Howwriting the latter part of the codex, the scribe
clusion that
ever, on ff. 360 361 is a considerable collection of amulets, two of which bear his name. In the one it is simply a part of

the

incantation

2.

The

other,

a

circle

four centimeters in dia-

1 The three notices read, after correction as to orthography, as follows: 327 r: fxvi'jo&ijti, xv^i8, r/> xpvx^v tov dovXov gov 'Imdvov xov ^Aqo xov i^ixEi) ^c,^v(i' [dalv) at >^ ?/? x[ovq) •) (• (1. laXQOv 6 XQOvoq elq xovq
i)
f.

+

Ix^vaq); at lower margin in faded ink: ^,^

^c^lTi^f'.

2)

f.

62

r:

Iwdvov laxQOV

^ y^&rpaaa oenerat, xdrpo), x6 Sh ygaiphv slg xovq al&vaq fdevsi, s^^sxs ^Qs/za ix Ssov sksvi (1. svQexai ^Xsfxf/a ix d^eov retX^vov. 3) f- 269V (not in cryptography): exei ^c;qriXS'' xvxk(ov) iXssivov}) xy {asXi^vriq) (^.«6^a?) d' &E,ueX(i(p) ^' (tvdixxiwv)oq d-'. Cf. Gardthausen,
'fj

xov ^Aqov

fjhv

fi

x^^

+

+

6V. Pal. II 495.

2 The same amulet is found in S page preceding the copies of the twelve

(^

Vind.

phil. gr. 108),
(cf.

f.

361

r,

on the

supra p. 15). The amulet consists of a circle decorated within and without with magic signs and containing the following: icoj^X ^or^S^st (within a triangle). i6ov coXouiov) vioq

seals of

Solomon

Manuscripts

V

and W.
it
I,

25
contains

meter, bears the
within
it

title,

the inscription which,
seal,

rov aoXoficovrog fi£y{dXov)f and according to H and

belongs

oh Solomon's magic
in

and which

is

given in the Clavicuia

Harl. 5596

(=

T^),

and

in a slightly different

form in the Test

in that

manuscript

(L).

The Bologna

version has been designa-

ted as V^i.

As
learn

to

the provenience of the codex

I

have been able

to

nothing

more than has been already
is

intimated.

The

crypto-

Hke the stenography of Cod. Vat. Graec. 1809 to make one think of the monastery of Grottaferrata 2 as some way the source of Dr. John's knowledge Yet the inference that he was connected with of stenography.
graphy of the manuscript
sufficiently
the

monastery would be extremely uncertain.

He may

have
it

gotten the stenography indirectly or even

have developed

in-

dependently upon the basis of more ancient systems.
manuscript
1 1.

That the

is

Italian in origin there

can be no doubt.
Paris,

W

Bibliotheque

Nationale,

Anc. fonds
ff.,

grecs,

No. 2419,

XV

cent, paper,

cm. 27x37, 342
diad^riTiri

written

by George Mediates.
rdrov aokoftSvroc, Unpublished ^.

Test entitled
ff.

xt?.,,

266^

— 270^

rov aogxoWell preserved.

ting

The codex resembles very closely the foregoing. The wriis somewhat more regular and less hasty in most of the
lotacisms
are almost as numerous;

codex,

doubled

letters are

almost always written singly, even where theybelong to different
words.

W

As

to all other points

W
that

is

just a trifle better than V.

omits

occasional phrases

are

found

in

V, sometimes

apparently through
unintelligible.

carelessness,

sometimes because they were
great similarity, but in
Beneath
r}

As
^a{^t)6

to contents again there

is

W the
written

dQaxovtog yXoo(a)a ex<^^ paCiXsog syysestpaXov,
avz(f])

is

the following prescription for the use of the amulet:

povla yQai^JB)

£01 ase^vrjtoq add. Bol;

o^OKov HQOxov xai XTiva^aQi xat pLayvrifq xai paaza ev&a eici x^«/uar« {xai more correct spelling adopted where MSS differed^ 1 Cf. Text p. 100*. 2 See M. Gitlbauer, t)berreste^ i Fasc. p. 3.

3

On

this

MS

cf.

Omont,

Itro^

II 256f.

I

copied the Test in Paris in

May

and June, 1907.

26
alchemistic

Manuscript

W.

and astronomical

interests

and the magico-medical.
folio ...

Berthelot says of

outweigh the biological it, "Ce manuscrit in-

est

des plus precieux pour

I'histoire

de TAstronomie,

de rAlchimie, et de la Magie au moyen age; une reunion indigeste de documents de dates diverses et parfois fort anciens, depuis TAlmageste de Ptolemee et les auteurs arabes jusqu'aux ecrivains de la fin du moyen age" ^ The
de
I'Astrologie,
c'est

codex contains three pages from the Clavicular and some "Hermetic" and "Pythagorean" writings. The fact which connects it most clearly and indubitably with Bologna 3632 is that the Test is immediately preceded by the Hermetic work on the planets and the twelve signs of the zodiac, and followed, though not immediately, by two of the "dream books" which also appear
in the Italian

manuscript 2.

The very
is

position of the beginning
in the

of the Test on the page

the

same

two manuscripts.

As

in

V, so

in

W,

the

Test begins

about one third down the

page,
seals

and
that

at the
in this

bottom of the next page are found the large recension belong on Solomon's ring. Either

was copied from the other, or both followed very closely the same exemplar. The decision of this question can best be left to a later section (III 4) where the text will be discussed. As to the provenience of the codex, M. Omont has given me the following information 3; "Grec 2419: Provient du cardinal Nicolas Ridolfi (f 1550), puis du marechal Pierre Strozzi (f 155^) et de Catherine de Medicis, apres la mort de laquelle (1589), il resta sous scelles jusqu a son entree dans la bibliotheque du Roi
the one

en 1599.

^^

^^^'

340'°;

le

bibliothecaire

de

Ridolfi,

Matthieu
r^

Devaris, a ecrit cette note sur Torigine du ms.: avxri
fil^/iogj
OJioTT;],

(isydkrj

^v

IxofiiOB Tig

EXXrjv kv Balvsagla diarQi^ovxt rq> 6e-

ot£Qiey^Bi

aCtQOVOfiixa xiva xal laxQixa xai aXXa 6ta<pOQa.

35.

[Deleted

by a transverse

hne.]

N" 44

vigesim.

quart.

(Ce sont deux numeros successifs de la bibliotheque du Cardinal x(p deojtoxij designe ici le maitre de DeRidolfi; s. e. capsae.
1 Cat.
a/c/i,
I,

Intro.,

I,

205;

MS

described, pp. 205

— 211.
Omont
p.

{/oc.

of the "dream books" as given by cU.) are Oneirocrites Syrim and Manuelis Palaeologi oneirocriies.

2

Cf. supra, p. 22.

The

titles

3 In the

letter already referred to

above, p. 13, n.

r,

17,

n.

i.

Manuscript W.

2/
then, like V,

varis, le
Italy.

cardinal Nicolas Ridolfi.)"

W,

came from

was George Mediates (or, Meidiates), as appears from a subscription found on f, 288. From a Paschalion on f. 275 running from 1462 to 1492 the conclusion is drawn that the codex was written about 1462. The codex has been frequently used by scholars. Gaulmin
writer
in
all

The name of the

probability

took from

its

the excerpts he quoted in his

notes

on Psellus de oper. daem^.
considerable
list

From

it

Du Cange

prepared

a very
tions

of chemical and astrological abbrevia-

and tachygraphic signs 2.
from
his
it

has taken

In more recent times Berthelot some important chapters in his Collection des
it

Anciens Alchimistes Grecs, while Reitzenstein refers to
times
in

several

Poimandres.

Aside from Gaulmin
Test.

I

know
16.

of no

publication
12.

which refers to the
iiovfjg
4.

Bt^lio^^rpiri
(<P.

KovrXovftovolov,

Xagr.

XVI
rfj

431), ...

diad-TJxat

SoXofiSvToq, ^'Ajtavra sv

This reference

is

taken from Lambros' Catalogue of the
I

MSS

on Mt. Athos, No. 3221, p. 287.
graph,

attempted

to secure a
this

photo-

but was

unsuccessful,

and know only
Paris,

reference to

the manuscript.
13.

While studying

in

Berlin,

London, Heidelberg,
I

Munich, and smaller places on the Continent,
other manuscripts
success.

made search
Testj

for

and

for. translations

of the
I

but without

was able to consult gave indications of its presence in any form. Through the kindness of Dr. A. F. R. Petsch, then professor in Heidelberg, and later in the University of Liverpool, inquiries were mady by friends of his in the libraries at St. Petersburg and Moscow, but without success. Dr. F, C, Conybeare was so kind as to search in the Vatican Library. Though he was under the impression that a Latin manuscript was in existence 3, he was
of the
1 See above, p. 17, ns. 6,
7.

None

catalogues which

2

Gtosj!.,

"Notarum

characteres,

3 At Florence;

see the Guanizan,

Notae aliae," coll. 19—22, in vol. II. Mar. 29, 1899, p. 442. Dr. Conybeare

28

Modern

Editions, Translations,

and

Treatises.

unable to verify that supposition or to
scripts.

find

any other manu-

No

doubt such exist and

will

be found, but no others

are available at present^.

III.

MODERN
1.

EDITIONS, TRANSLATIONS,
all

AND

TREATISES.

Fabricius2 deserves mention before

others, because he

first

the

Test

attempted a systematic collection of materials bearing on As already indicated 3, he gathered his excerpts from

Gaulmin and

Du

Cange, whose quotations he prints in

full

with

some attempt
2.

at emendation,

Fleck rather inaccurately copied ih^ editw princeps^ from
mistaking

MS

P,

many

who have had
it

to

letters, and so causing himself and those depend upon his edition much difficulty. He

evidently was not familiar with sixteenth century ligatures. While

has not

seemed necessary

to

note his

misreadings in the
im-

critical

apparatus of the present edition,

some of the more

portant have been included as samples of his errors ^

text

Apparently the first scholar to concern himself with the which Fleck had printed was Bornemann. In 1843 and in 1846 he published conjectural emendations of the text, showing no little ingenuity, and in some obvious cases finding the ori3.

ginal,

though missing

it

in

every real

difficulty, as is usual with

such conjectures.
in

In 1844 he published a complete translation

German ^, marked by
4.

the same learning and good sense shown

in his "Conjectanea".

Fiirst^

was the next

to deal with the

Test,

printing the

Greek text
was so kind

after Fleck, with a

German

translation, also in 1844.

me a reference to Chachanov's History of Georgiati where mention is made of Georgian manuscripts of the Test, Unfortunately the work was to be found neither in Berlin, London, nor Chicago, and I have not seen the pages in question. 1 The index to Omont, Inv refers to Anc. fonds grecs 25 11 as having a copy of the Test, but it is merely a copy of Prov. XXV i XXIX 29. Two
also as to send

Literature

(I lyoff.))

Jerusalem

MSS

discovered later are discussed in the appendix.
i.

2 4

Cf. Bibliogr. Ill
Cf. Bibliogr. I
r.

3 Supra
II 2.

p.

17, n. 6, p. 27, ns. i, 2; Bibliogr. IV.

7 Cf. Bibliogr. I

5 2 and

Cf. c. I 2, II 6,

IV

4.

6

Cf. Bibliogr. Ill

i

and

II

i.

Modern Editions,

Translations, and Treatises.

29

The work, however, was not completed. Little attention was given to emending the text, but no small learning was expended on its proper translation and interpretation, though, rather strangely, the
title

is 5.

rendered "Bund", not "Testament", or "Vermachtniss."
In Migne's Patrologia Graeca^ a reprint of the text from

Fleck with a Latin translation
of the
Psellus'

was appended
reprint

to Psellus,
in his

because

fact

that

Gaulmin had quoted the Test

Notae to

de oper. daem.
errors,

The
in

shows the usual additional
Migne's Dictionaire des

typographical
mistakes

but

a

few cases Fleck's more obvious
article in

were corrected.
Ill 3)

The

Apocryphs (Bibliogr.
6.

adds nothing new.
is

Chronologically next in order

Dr. F. C. Conybeare's

translation with introduction in the old

Jewish Quarterly Review 2,

which
larship

is

marked by the famous

rationalist's usual careful scho-

and independence of judgment.

He

did

all

one could

However, I him on questions of date and origin.
do with Fleck's edition.
7.

am

inclined to differ from

As

a result of the publication of Conybeare's translation
articles in the

there

appeared two brief

Manchester Guardian^,

one

by Dr. Montague Rhodes James,* and the other by Dr. Conyand a brief review
in the Theologische Literaturzeitung
Schiirer^,
Test,

beare,

by

who

differed with

Conybeare

as to the Jewish origin

of the
8.

In the

same year

that Dr. Conybeare's translation appeaIstrin,
I

red, the

Russian scholar,
story called

presented the text of the fragI

mentary manuscripts which
interesting

have called

and Q, and of the
Test,

MS D^

His introduction indicates the

true relationship, as I believe,
9.

between

D

and the

A

brief notice of Istrin's publication and a review
in the Byzantinische Zeitschrift^.

by Dr.

E,

Kurz appeared
10.

Harnack has a

brief notice in his Altchristliche Literatur'^,

and Schiirer a considerable one in his Geschichte des jUdischen
Volkes,

which includes a valuable collection of materials 8.
3.

To

1 Cf. Bibliogr. I

2 Bid,
5 Ibid,

II
I

4
7

Ibid, III 7.

4 and III 4. 4 and III 8.

^ 6

Ibid, III 5
Ibid. Ill

and

6.

9 and

10.

Vol. I 858.

8

GJV III 4i9f., HJP II

III r54f.

"

30
Dr. Kohler's
teresting
article

Textual History.

Jewish Encyclopedia ^ I owe the insuggestion that the Test represents pre-Talmudic demonology. Other encyclopedia articles make no special conin

the

tribution
11.

2.

In

Salzberger's

dissertation

space

is

dedicated to the Test^.
as
to

He

on the Salomosage much accepts Conybeare's con-

clusions

authorship

and

date,

Test as representative of early Jewish-Christian
folklore,

and accordingly takes the demonology and

making no attempt
text^.

to distinguish Hellenistic elements.

He

has evidently used Conybeare's translation without reference

to the
12,

Greek

Ginzberg's Legends of the Jews^ contains a section deTest.
It
is

voted to the

a paraphrase and epitome rather than

a translation, but follows the text of Fleck rather closely.
error
is

One

sufficiently serious to deserve
is

mention: the aerial column
c.

of

c.

XXIV
'^,

confused with the cornerstone of

XXIII.

As

unfortunately the notes and references, which, according to the

preface
there

were

to

have appeared

in the last

volume, are lacking,

is

nothing to indicate the source

from which the story

was taken.

As

a piece of entei'taining writing the
it

work may

have a place, but
fusion
in

is

a hindrance rather than a help to the
its

study of ancient Jewish thinking because of
of older and later materials,
first sifting

uncritical conjustified

Ginzberg was not

using the Test without

out the considerable non-

Jewish elements more carefully than he does.

IV.
I.

THE TEXTUAL HISTORY OF THE TESTAMENT. The manuscript families. — On the textual evidence
reference
to
will

alone,

without

and subject matter, which
1 IV 518,
art.

wider considerations of language be taken up later, the various
2
Cf. Bibliogr. Ill 3

„Demonology".

and

12.

3 Bibliogr.
4:

Ill 13.
(p. 9, n. 9)

This appears from his citing only Conybeare
"Flasche"
for

and from

his

use

of

&a?c6q
latter

(p.

119

— 123,

97),

following

Conybeare's

"flask"

in sees.

thongh the
5.

once has "leather flask" (119).
I

5 Bibliogr. II

6 Vol.

XV.

1

Textual History.

3

MSS

divide themselves into four clearly

marked
it is

classes or re-

censions*.
a)

MS D

differs

from the rest

in that

not a "Testament.'*

Of magico-medical formulae there are none. It is simply a biography of Solomon in which the demonological interest outweighs
all

others, quite closely
It clearly

resembling

in

many

features the

Arabian

Nights.

belongs to the "literature of entertainment,"

where Schiirer wished to class the whole TVj/^.
b)

MSS

H,

I,

and

L

(Rec.

A) stand very
is

close

together,

H and

1 agreeing in a

beginning which

entirely different

from

that in the

other

MSS,
3

H

and L
i.

(after I

drops out) in the long
to

omission,
itself

cc.

XIV

— XVI
for

L

might deserve
it

be put by

as a separate recension, for

has at a late period under-

magician has endeavored to make members of his profession by introthe ducing directions for the use of the more important magical formulae in the cure of some disease, probably demon possession. He has also made some further changes in the opening sections. However, all these alterations, marked by modern Greek forms
gone a special revision.

A

work more

useful

^,

are so easily
that there is

detached from the remainder and affect

it

so

little

no need
and

to separate

it

from

H

and

I

as a textual

witness.
c)

MSS P
good

Q

(Rec, B),

again,

clearly

stand

together

almost from beginning to end.
tences are

The

title

and the opening sen-

illustrations of their close similarity throughout.

marked by two explanations of the writing of the Test^^ by a shorter beginning and ending, and by more extended accounts of many of the demons ^ d) MSS V and with the fragments S, T, and U group
This recension, in
at least,
is

P

W

1 The variety of recensions
such as this;
of,

is

not at aU remarkable in popular literature

the remarks of Krumbacher,
d,

"Studien zur Legende des

heil.
Cl.^

Theodosius," in Siizungsber.
1892, Heft
II,

bay. Akad, d.

Whs.^

philos,^ philol,

«.

hist,

p. 225,

as

MS

2 Since this is not a Test^ I have not called it a recension, but refer to it 3 Such as r^tov §Va^, I i, D, See above, p. 5, n, 2. 4 See XV 14 and XXVI 8; no great weight can be attached to this, since
is

c.

XV

-wanting in
cc.

HILQ by

accident or scribal error,

5 See

XIX, XX, and XXVI.

32

Textual History.

themselves as an entirely different recension

(C),
I

gone a thorough

revision.

The

Prologue, as

which has underhave called it, in

order to bring the chapter and verse divisions into line with the other recensions, and the altered title, but especially the entirely
different

ending from IX 8 on are
is

sufficient evidence.

This

re-

cension

more

interested in

demonology
Test.
It

as a

means

for reveal-

ing nature's treasures and mysteries than in
as

its

medical aspect
scribal

emphasized

in

the

original

is

marked by

omissions ^
2.

The

relationships

and

relative dates of the recensions.


the

a)

MS D

represents the story which formed the basis of
just

the Test.

The recensions have

been considered
It is

in

what

writer regards as their chronological order.
that

inconceivable

any one should take the Test as found in Recs. A, B, or C, and, by eliminating all the magico-medical element and the
"testament" motif, reduce
it

to the simple tale of

Solomon's

birth

temple building and dealing with demons, which appears in MS D. On the other hand, the very close

and greatness,

his

resemblances between

MS D

and Recs.

A
e.

and

B

as to general

and even old man and his
outline
tionship,

as to text in places,
son, c.

g.,

in the story of the

and,

therefore,

the

XXI, proves the closest possible reladependence of the Test upon the

story as found in

MS

D.

Yet
the
in
Test.

D

in
It

its

present form cannot have been the basis of
fuller,

occasionally shows a

secondary
if

text,

e.

g.,

the

threat

of the old
his

man
2).

to cease

working
is

Solomon
of

did

not

condemn
question
slat

son (D IV
c.

Especially
xal

this true

D VII.
its
c.

The
Ill

of
(isv
all

VII

i,

loxi
co

^tsqoi^
after

daifioviov;

and

answer,

jtoXXa,

^aCtlBv^

the statements of
in

4—8
in

that

the

demons had been brought

work
had

the temple are manifestly a later
c.

and set to addition. There is no
if it

reason

why

VII should not have been put into the Test
its

lain

before

writer.

It is

evident, then, that

MS D

repre-

sents a revision of the

work

that formed the original of the Test.

late

1 See cc. I4, II, 14; V, VI, etc. The language of than in any of the other recensions; see below, V 2,

C

is

more

consistently

-

Textual History.

^^
II,

The question
this original is

as to whether cc.

I,

and VIII were part of
Tes£ could

harder to answer.
I

The

editor of the

not well include cc.

and

II in

a "testament," which must have

been written in the
abrupt beginning
original story in
fit

first

person to have entirely consistent. The

of Eec.

B

is

probably due to truncating the
easily

order to eliminate these elements, which do not
C. VIII could

the

new
was

plan.

have been put

into the

first

person and
it

left in

the Test.

Yet

it

seems entirely possible

that

in the original
it

and was omitted by the editor of the
fall.

Test
it

merely because

did not interest him, or perhaps because
It is

did not suit the pathos of the

not inconsistent with
fitting

the

remainder of D, but rather comes as a

conclusion to

a narrative
birth of
to

of which the account of the sin of David and the
I

Solomon was the beginning i,

am

inclined, therefore,

regard

D

I

—VI,

VIII as the original basis for the Test; with

certain
c.

changes which

we cannot

follow

-and

the

addition
the

of

VII,

D

received

its

present form.

The making of

Test

was a
b)

much more complicated
Recensions

process.

and B are both revisions of the original priority in this case is much more difficult. It is plain that A is secondary at its beginning, because it is much fuller than B (c. I if). Again at its conclusion, A, here represented by H only, is much fuller, and probably represents an expansion (C. XXVI 8 lo). In the main, however, A has the shorter text in so many places where B presents
Test.

A

The question of

fuller

information

regarding the demons

2,

that one cannot but

conclude that Rec.

A

has the claim to priority in most cases,

and

is

nearest the original Test^-

c)

Recension

C

the material in the
in

is a revision of Recension B. The nature of added chapters of C, as well as the fact that

the fragments,

especially in T,

much

of

it

occurs

in,

or in

1
as
it

The

transposition of sentences in

c.

VIII does not

affect these conclusions,

may have
2
Cf.,

the

copying

MS D -was copied, or in of D without touching the original. But see MS E in appendix. for example, VI 4 XVI 4 ^m XVIII 42, XX 6, etc.
occured in the exemplar from which
f.,

H Rec.
plar; e. g.,

A

presents omissions due to careless copying or a defective exemI.

XlVs^XVI
McCown.

UNT.

9:

3

34
connection with, the

Textual History.

Clavicular

which

is

a mediaeval product,

establishes the character of this recension as secondary

and

late.

The
d^rixTj

interesting account in

C

XIII of the origin of a
to the

-naivri Sia-

which

is

to

be given

world as a deception and a
is

snare,

while the true,

original

Testament

to

be preserved
it

in
is

one copy only

until "the

expected parousia of God," when
is

again to be spread abroad,

plainly intended to establish faith

in this recension as the real original article

over against Rec, B,

which it was to supplant. The numerous agreements of B and C prove that the latter was based upon the type of text found in
the

former^,

yet in some cases

C

has a more primitive text

than the present
d)

MS

representatives of

B (MSS PQ)

offer.

Illustration

will

serve to

make

the relationships of the

good example is to be found in c. Ill 7. Here Rec. (HIL) gives a text which is entirely fitting and intelligible: ajc^xovv de xovxov adiaXelotrcoq eyyvd-iv fiot jtQo(o)86qev8iv. This became nonsense by misreading into ajtdvzcov 6e rovtcov ov 6ia7ujio{^ as V shows (W omits this much), P,
recensions clearer.

A

A

wishing to leave nothing unintelligible, altered to ajtavrsg 6e
dalfioveg eyyiod-iv f/ov jtQosdQsvovCi^

ol

which

in itself is good, but
8.

does not

fit

the context which follows in §

Another example
is

of B's improvement upon a text which seemed unintelligible

in the previous case, and W, as II 8, omitted the difficult words. In c. XVIII 42 the editor of B expands a short section which in A merely closes the account of

found in

where both

V

W

the thirty-six decani into an entirely

new

narrative of Solomon's

treatment of demons in general.
latter part of the
Test,

On

the other hand, in the

where

H

alone represents Rec. A, there

are a
to

number

of sections in which the text of
unintelligible,

H
I

is

so brief as
evi-

be almost

and, as

it

seems
(c.

to

me, shows

dence of hasty abbreviation 2.
has an expanded text
1 Examples
of

In these sections

have given B

the preference, as also in the conclusion

XXVI

7—8), where

H

the

writing

of a

may be found on almost any page; cf. c. Vft. This account "New Testament" may be compared with IV Eiira XIV
ir,

36, 42,

45 fCf.

2

XXHs,

XXIV

and

XKY

passi??/.

Textual History.

55

3.

—A
lies

The evolution of the Testament: summary of conclusions. number of stories about Solomon in which demons played
were gathered
into a tale,
d^

a large part

a revision

of which

before us in

MS D

1.

Some one who was
d,

interested in the

magical cure of diseases

then conceived the idea of the Test^
leaving
it

and decapitated the story of
in

to

begin abruptly as

Rec.

B

with the tale

of a
the

favorite

workman during
fitting

demon who plagued the King's temple building. The editor added
fall

a
in

more

conclusion in the story of Solomon's
original Test^

as found

Rec. B.

The

then,

consisted of the beginning

and ending as in Rec.

B (MSS

PQ), but with the body of the
present beginning

work mainly as
of Rec. of the
later

in

Rec.

A

(MSS HIL)^. The
to

A
first

resulted

sentence, being constructed

sections

remove the abruptness by piecing together from items regarding the favorite workman. This refrom an attempt
Rec.
Testy

dacteur also thought himself able to construct a conclusion with
greater parenetic value.

B

is

another independent working
certain

over

of the

original

with

interesting

additions.

was mainly concerned with making the story read better, redacteur B was in possession of fuller knowledge regarding many of the demons mentioned, and accordingly
Whereas redacteur
added
to

A

or replaced

several

sections

5.

Finally a student of

demonological literature with a theological and scientific bent
discovered

some fragments which he thought Solomonic and
So taking Rec. B he constructed another
Testy

which appeared to him to have greater value than a good part
of the

Test

putting in a preface, or prologue, containing certain prayers of

Solomon, removing the abruptness of the beginning
redacteur

much

as

A

did,

and replacing the

latter two-thirds of the Test

by

his

new

material.

In the story of Onoskelu (Rec.

C

XI) he
same

1 Istrin in his introduction to the
conclusions regarding the relation of

MSS ^which he MS D to the Test

edited

came

to the

as those expressed above,
for the disco-

and

I

am

in part indebted to

him

for this theory,

and especiaUy
this edition is

very of

MS

D.
text printed at the top of the

2 The

page in
r

an attempt

to

reconstruct this original Test,

ratus at the

3 These are printed in brackets thus: bottom of the page.

T^

or placed in the critical appa-

3*

^6

Textual History.

presents a variant form of a tale which he allows to remain in
the earlier, unaltered part under the

name ofOnoskelis

(c.

IV)i.

He

seeks to give authority to his version

by representing

that
j

it was feared and secretly preserved at the request of a great demon, Paltiel Tzamal, who wished to prevent the publication

l

of

its

great mysteries, and that the well known, current form of
-^

the Test had been specially written for Hezekiah, thus utilizing

j

an early tradition 2.

MS L

represents an interesting step in an-

other direction, the attempt to
cal value as a physician's
Its

make

the

work of greater

practi-

vade mecum, or book of prescriptions. reading with the proper rites would cure the possessed ^
4.

structing the text.

of the MSS and their use in reconAlthough MS D represents the original story from which the Test was evolved, it possesses no primary textual value, since it is not the Test, and, though its contents

The

textual

value


is

are similar,
is

its

text

rarely that of the

Test.

The attempt

here

to reconstruct the original

Test out of which Recs.

A

and B
the

have grown.
volume.

MS D
of Rec.

is

printed

separately

at

the

end of

Our

MSS

C come from

a class of

men

of rather

low mentality and poor Greek education. The numerous omis-' sions are textually of little moment, because the redacteur was
interested
in

different

matters from the originator of the
Since, as

Test,

and the scribes were

careless.

we have

already shown

above (IV 2
little

c, d),

C

is

derived from B, their agreement can have
in

weight per se against acceptable readings found

A alone.

Where, however, Recs. A and C agree, they represent the original text. Without C it would have been much more difficult While neither V nor to show that B was secondary. could copied the one from the other ^ they may have come have been from the same exemplar. Where it was unintelligible or corrupt,

W

1 In the critical apparatus to

c.

IV

readings from

c.

XI

of

C have

l^een

distinguished by adding a superior letter

to the letters T,

V, and W.
'^E^enlag;

see

2 Rec. C XIII; cf. Josephus, Hyponmesticon c. 74, Suidas, s. v. below VIII 3c (3). 3 Cf. II 5, 6; IV 12; V 8, 9, I2f. omitted by V which the scribe of 4 I can find no words in not have added by guess, while the reverse (words in V omitted by

W

W
W)

might
often

Textual History.

XJ

V

sometimes

reproduces
Jaad the

conscientiously

where

emends, for

W

W

omits

or

more

intelligent copyist.

Accordingly

V

has been given the greater weight except
to
\

where mistakes appear

have arisen from carelessness or misunderstanding.
Rec.

B

represents

a learned,

and

in

MS

P

a very careful,

revision ^
to
it

Occasionally

P alone

preserves the true text owing
it

the greater intelligence with

which

has been handled. Yet

scribe

B and P have taken great liberties with the text in making additions, alterations, and omissions. Q shows more errors than P,
must be used with great caution, since both redacteur
but fewer intentional changes.

'i

The MSS of Rec. A have been rather mechanically copied. some instances the scribes have not taken the liberty to drop or emend what they could not understand, but have reproduced letter 2 There are omissions due to carelessness, it letter for one so long as probably to have been caused by a missed or
In

missing leaf in the

exemplar.

In

general

H

appears to have
in less

suffered least from, intentional revision,
skilful

but to have been

hands than P. Both were conscieritiously copied by scribes who knew little of magic. Therefore the better instructed L
occasionally

presents

a

preferable

reading,

although he was
alone

somewhat careless and
vitiate

illiterate
I

and

his practical directions often

his

text.
first

In

c. I

have followed

MS

T,

since

it

preserves the

person, which the original Test ought to have
also since
it

shown throughout^, and
occurs,

appears to me,

following
e. g.,

where other

MSS make
12.

it

possible to determine the true text;

IV

(yvffftog), II 9,

IV

W

5

omits

by homoeoteieuton, IV

12,

VIII

9,

copied from

where the passage seemed unintelligible. Therefore V could have made out the true text from W. But I do not believe

of intention, II 9, could not have

W

V's unwarranted expansion in II 6 {(po^ov^evoq
likely to

.

.

.

ngoaypavGai), nor

is

he

have omitted the right words in IX

9.

and L are unmakes a glaring omission by homoeoteieuton in XXI 3 f., and a minor one in 1X6. 2 Cf. II 2, 3 (HIL), 6 (H), V 6 (HL), XVIII 4 (HL). 3 Cf. XXII 7 and XXIV 3-5 (H); XIV 3— XVI i (HL). In V 4, 5, IX 6
1 In one case at least

P

omits a difficult passage where

H

intelligible,* viz.,

V

7; it omits difficult lines in

V 4,

cf.

VW;

it

H

appears to have read
4:

'/.

(=

iaxiv) as

!>

(=

Se).

L

maintains the third person for Solomon consistently,

I the first; the
first.

others vary, but in general begin with the third

and change

to the

38

Language and

Style.

a suggestion of Dr. Goodspeed,

that

H

exhibits an attempt to
I

make
Rec.

clearer the
slave.

somewhat unusual language of
as
in

regarding the

favorite

Here, however,

the

concluding sections,
in constructing the

A
I

shows signs of undue expansion, and
Again,
in

text of the Test, which always appears at the top of the page,
I

have followed Rec. B.
in these places,

certain sections

toward the

end,

have thought that Rec.

A
I

gave evidence of abridgment,

and

especially since the carelessly written

H

is

here the only
rence ^
the
rule

MS

of Rec. A,
then,

have given Rec.

B

the prefeto

In

general,

unless

weighty reasons appeared
the basis of this edition.

contrary,

H

has

been made

The

adopted has been, 'When
In concluding this section

in doubt, follow H.'
it

should be noted that

we

cannot

claim to have the original Test in our reconstructed text.

Such

an admission would be called for on a priori grounds alone. But

we have
Jew

evidence on the subject,

for, in

the quotation from the

and Aquila\ the alia eB-Xaaeh% while in the Test as we now have it, although the Shunamite says ctpa^ai (MS H) or GvvTQLtpov (MSS PQ)^ Solomon merely says Id^vca (MS H) or ojttQ xal exsksoa^. If we could find the original MS, many such differences would appear, but not enough to vitiate
Test which occurs in the Dialogue of Timothy
insists that

Solomon ovx

'iatpa^ev

our general conclusions regarding the work^.

V.

LANGUAGE AND
be made quite
it

STYLEbrief,

This section

will

as the grammatical

index

will

supplement
D.

by presenting

the evidence for the po-

sitions taken.
I.

MS

As

to

language and style there are decided

IV 2b, d. MS N has valuable readings. See appendix, Amc. Oxon, Class. Ser. VIII 70, c. XIII 6; cf. infra, VIII 3d) (2) (e). 3 C. XXVI 4, 4 C. XXVI 5. 5 In general the effort has been made to print the text as the author may
1 Cf. supra, 2

be

supposed

to

have written

it,

following

the

ordinary practice of the early

Christian centuries as to spelling and grammar.
rule has been followed for the sake of simplicity.

As

to v

moveable the

classical

Language and
differences

Style.

39
as well as

between the recensions.

In this regard,
is

from the diplomatic standpoint,

MS D

far superior to the rest.
it.

An
or

educated Greek has edited and written

The outstanding

inaccuracy in his
rather

grammar
Once

is

the use of the nominative absolute,

nominativus pendens^
ayia is

not a serious blunder^, which

occurs a few times.

used with to and the

infinitive

^•

Otherwise tenses and cases are on the whole corretly used.
optative, subjunctive,

The

imperative in both second and third person,

Late forms and For the dative utQoq with the accusative is In IV 9 ovxixi 16'^]^ is a (Homeric and) late usage, frequent. subjunctive for future, which has contributed to such a future
and a future participle of purpose are found.
usages are rare.
as eiCEveyxofiev in

VI

2

^.

^ovXsaai replaces ^ovZsi in

IV

1 1 ^.

As

to style,

the constant use of the historical present and

the occasional omission of Isysc or g)fjal after the

name

of the

speaker in dialogue lends vivacity, while the conversations are

The writer has a fairly large vocabulary, including a considerable number of particles. There is a heaping up of epithets and synonymous words when opportunity offers
short

and

to the point.

^-

Specially

noteworthy

is

the

constant use of the circumstantial

participle in various relations.
in

The author

is

fond of dropping

a verb

to

separate the article and attributives from their

noun^.

The

use of ^aaiXsla
is

=

"Majesty," and KQccrog

=

"Ex-

cellency" in direct address
2.

Byzantine.
is

Rec. C.

This, the latest recension,
far
its

at the antipodes
is

from

carelessness
are

the

due to scribal and ignorance we cannot say, but probably they partly accountable for its very poor Greek. Errors, such as accusative for the dative, and late forms, such as -av as
D.
present condition
e.

MS

How

ending of the accusative singular in the third declension with
an analogous nominative,
several Latinisms.
absolute.
g.,

<jg}Qayt6a,
is

abound, and there are
tenses.

The

first

sentence

an unattachable genitive

The

editor

was fond of compound

As

to style

^

1 Cf. Moulton, Pro/es^. 69.
4r

2 C.

Ill 5.
7,

3
18.

Cf. Dieterich,

Un^ers, 243

ff.

ISid. 249.

e

C.

IV

2,

5 C. I 2, 13; IV VI 14, VII 2, 4, 5.

6,

9,

7 See

Prologue

i,

2; c. XIII 4,

12.

40
the additions
e.

Letter Formulae*

show somewhat ambitious attempts

at fine writing,

Prologue and in the closing chapter. J g., The same trick appears as in D, of dropping the verb in bein the prayers of the

..j

tween attributives and
3.

their nouns.

;

Rec, B.

Rec.

B
its

is

more

correct

as

to

grammar and

simpler as to
little

style

than Rec. C.

Between

A

and
to

B

there
P,

is

difference,
to

but in

additions B,

especially

MS

shows

a

tendency

more

"correct"
it

usage,

but also

compound

words, and in one instance
fiatCTCOQ ^

has a decided Latinism, jcqcoxo-

and the original Testament. The editorial additions to Rec. A have some glaring errors, particularly in MS L, but, if we may judge from this recension, the 7>^^was originally a. very simple piece of writing in fairly correct Koine Greek. It paid no attention to refinements of rhetoric or lexicography, but
4.

Rec.

A

told

its

story in a straightforward, paratactic style, such as one

might expect from a
in

man

of small education and mental
stories.

ability

recounting an interesting series of
is

On
seem

the whole the

grammar

that of the

New Testament, New

with developments along
to point to a

the lines taken

by

the Koine such as would

period subsequent to the

Testament.

The

disappearance

of the optative, the aorist subjunctive for the future, the increase
in the use of prepositions

and compound words, and the nume-

rous locutions which are characterized
constitute

by

the Atticists as vulgar

the

evidence on this point.

Real Semitisms do not

appear
called

in the

Test

That the xal kysvsxo construction

may

be

Another so-called Semitism, the demonstrative repeating the relative, occurs, but it is a mere blunder due to an attempt to repair a garbled passage 3I
5.

such

cannot believe 2.

Letter of Adarkes
in c.

to

Solomon.

The

letter

of the

Arabian King
of the
in

XXII

contains two peculiarities, the absence

name

of the sender from the introductory formula and

MS D

the use of direct address, ^aatXev UoXofiSv, xaigotq.

Unfortunately the two treatises which have appeared on the
1 C. I 2.

2 Contrast Conybeare,
cf.

JQR

XI

6,

and Moulton, Proleg.

i6f.

3

C. I 9, Rec. C;

Moulton,

op. cit.

94 f.

Letter Formulae.

aI
far

subject

ot

Greek

letter

formulae

^

do not carry the subject

enough into the Byzantine period to aid us here, and the extant
letters
,

have too often been handed down without the introducfar

tory formula \

So

as

the

evidence goes, the use of variations of the
x^iQotq with the vocative seems a

customary formula, o delva to; delvi yaiQBiVj does not mark any
particular
era.

The use of
to

^ign either of servility or of

poor breeding,

for three of the inlittle

stances
culture,
first

known

me

from the papyri are from people of
3.

while the ancients particularly reprobated the use of the

person and direct address

Perhaps the editor of

D

thought

such familiarity entirely legitimate between kings, or wished to
represent the

Arabian king as inferior to Solomon*. To account for the absence of the senders's name three
^pa^o? 2^
l4d«()x?;g

theories are possible: either /^ad^^ei;^

has fallen

by haplography, or the MS D form was original and the present text of A and B is a correction to the third person, or the writer has used the form which was customary in copies of
out
letters-^

Other evidence for the secondary character of the

present text of
native.

D
first

seems too strong

to allow the

second

alter-

For the

speaks the fact that the

MSS

differ

decidedly
decisive,

as to the lines

immediately preceding the

letter.

More

however, seems the consideration that such a writer could hardly

be expected to be precise as to letter formulae, particularly as
the identity of the sender
is

plainly indicated in the text.

Unfortunately in any case

we reach

the negative conclusion

that the peculiarities of the letter

formulae give no aid in deter-

mining the date of the recensions.
1 Gerhard and Ziemann, see Bibliography IV 2 See Hercher and Migne, FG. 3 Apollonius Dyscolus, de const, II 9, III 14,
1.

infra.

ed. Bekker,
11.

112,

1.

27

— 113,

10, 232, 11.

i8ff.;

Scholiast to Dionysius Thrax, 550,

14—23,

ed. Hilgard.

Ziemann found six examples of xaLgoiQ to which add Ox P \i2 (I 177, III/IV cent.) and the optative tYriq, Migne, PG 161, cols. 688, 692, 697; and nine examples of xaiQE to which add Ox P 1156 (VIII 258, III cent.); op. cit., 295.
Ziemann, op. cit.^ 296 f., suggests also the possibility of Latin influence. 5 Cf. Ziemann, op. cit.^ 285 f.; petitions and memorials give no precedent such it form, cf. ibid.^ 259 266.
4:

for

,

42
6.

Evidence
Is

as to Translation.

the

Testament a translation?
is

Dr. M. Gaster argues

that the Test

translated from

rally suggested

by
is

the large

Hebrew ^ Such a view is natunumber of Hebrew names of angels
Solomon, the great
evi-

and demons,

to say nothing of the fact that

Jewish wise man,

the hero of the story.
in the expression

Dr. Gaster finds

dence of translation

xm ayyilm rov
. . .

d-sov rw.

xaXovfievcp ^Ag)aQc6g), o sQfirjPS'iErai Pag)a7j?.,

ocaraQyovfiac^

He believes that we have here a misunderstanding of the word Shem-ha-meforash^ perush having been taken to mean "interpretation." Aside from the precariousness of argument from a
single case such as this, the decisive fact
is is

that this expression
P.

an

editorial

addition

found only

in

MS

HL

present a

shorter and simpler text, vjtb rov dyyeXov 'Pag)a^X (xaraQyovf^ai),

There
of

is

no reason

why

HL

should have omitted the phrases
lest, for

:

P

if

they had stood in the original

they are per-

fectly intelligible, with only
'Ag)aQ(Dg)

an element of mystery in the word
of literature loves.

such as

this

sort

The

editor of

Rec.

it seems to me, the strongest evidence for translation from a Semitic original is to be found in Rec. in the list of decani, the thirty-six croty^Btay where all from the twentieth on

B As

contiibuted this out of his fund of magical knowledge ^

A

call

themselves gvg (H, XVIII 24—40), or Qtg
is

{U XVIII 24—28).
But even such a

This word surely
transliteration

a transliteration of

TVr\.

does not prove that the whole Test was originally

written in

plainly of

before

it

or Aramaic. This particular section, which is Egyptian origin, has been partially revised by a Jew was taken over into the Test^.
is

Hebrew

Another possible piece of evidence
clause

to

be found rov

in the

ajtoyovoq 6e
is

elfii

aQXc(.yyeXov rrjg dvvdfiscog

©aov'*.

Ouriel

not the "power of God," as in Recs.

"light of

God."
as

It

B and C, but the might be thought that originally bi^'i'lDSi stood
failed to recog-

in the text

and was translated by some one who
a proper noun.

nize

it

The

copyists,

feeling

the need of

some name, have made
1 "The Sword of Moses,"

various "corrections."

Such a supposi2
4.

^AS

1896

p.

155,
5.

170.

C. XIII 6.

3

Cf.

m/ra VII

11.

4

Cf. in/ra

VII

5 C. II

Chief Ideas.

43
the language
It
is

tion

would be entirely probable

if

of the Test
likely the

more passage was written by one who knew no Hebrew. It seems much more 7. Tentative conclusion,
elsewhere gave

evidence of translation.

natural to

explain

all

apparent indications of Semitic origin a& due to the
Test has used materials already trans-

fact that

the writer of the

lated
piler

from languages unfamiliar to him.
of the

great Paris

Did the heathen commagic papyrus translate the biblical

material
late their

he used? Did the writers of the Synoptic Gospels transsources from Aramaic?
then,

No

one so

alleges.

Our

ten-

tative

conclusion,
tlie

at this stage of the investigation,

must

be that

native language of the writer of the Test

So
a

far

a study of the language of the
to
its

more precise answer as

origin

was Greek. work has taken us. For we must analyze its chief

ideas and their sources.

VI.

THE CHIEF IDEAS OF THE TESTAMENT.
is

The
stency.

Test

a collection of astrological, demonological, and

magical lore,

brought together without any attempt at consiwriter attempts no science or philosophy of
is

The

demo-

nology; indeed he
I.

a compiler rather than an author.

Demonology^.
are fallen angels

No
2

general statement

is

made

as to the

origin of

demons, and the data given
of

in particular cases disagree.

Some
one
is

others are the offspring of angels and

the daughters

men

^.

One

is

the

spirit

of a murdered giant,
dwell in deserts,
^.

perhaps born of a bath qol^.
to their

They

tombs, precipices, caves, chasms, and at cross roads

As
while

nature certain intimations are given.
spirits.

Most of
griffins

them are embodied
a

Of one

this

is

distinctly stated^,

number

are

minutely described,

generally as

combined of animals and
a

birds, or of animals

and man.

One

is

wind merely, but when put into a sack he acts like a man '. They can, within limits, assume different forms s. They are an1 Cf. Index
II.

44

DemOnologyk

thropomorphically conceived.

Onoskelis quails before a threat-

ened beating^, Asmodaeus is bound and beaten 2, Kunopegos almost faints from thirst ^, Akephalos Daemon sees through his
breasts

and
are

is

blinded

when
to

the

seal

is

pressed

upon
it

him**.

Some
for

female,

and the writer probably thought
have offspring^.

possible
all

both males and females

They have

the physical as well as psychical passions of mankind.

Though they

thus resemble

human

beings so closely, they

have a certain likeness

also to the angels.

They escape many

of the physical limitations of men, in that they

may

assume

various forms and are supernaturally crafty and powerful.

know
events.

the future,

and several of them
fly

How

this is possible is

They Solomon of coming explained by Ornias, who relates
tell

that the

demons

up to the gates of heaven and overhear

the decisions announced to the great concourse of angels there;
then,

mankind.
for,

coming down, they make use of their knowledge to injure However, this foreknowledge is gained at great risk,
light at the gate
falling

having no place to
fall,
^.

of heaven, tliey become
are

weary and

and these

demons
is is

what men

call

shooting stars

No
Solomon

systematized demonic hierarchy
tribe of

known.

Beelzebu],
to assist

as chief of the whole
in

demons',

summoned
is

dealing with them.
like

He

has a vicegerent, named

Abezethibou,

himself a fallen angel,

who

the great

spirit

of rebellion against

God and

the good.

Beelzebul apparently

now

upon earth and Abezethibou in Tartarus, though the Red Sea," where he was confined on the overthrow of Pharaoh and his host 8. He is haled before Solomon by Ephippas, not by Beelzebul, and may, therefore, be
rules
latter is

"nourished in the

thought of as independent of the
IV
2

latter

9.

Beelzebul

is

plainly

1 C.

II.

c.

V

6.

3

C.

XVI

5.
cf.

4
VI

C.

5 C. 6 C.
7

V 4; Rec. B XX 14—17.
Ill,

certainly so thought;

6;

IX 3. XXII 20.
in

Cc.

VI.

BsBXt^s^ovX,

the

form

occurring

the

majority

of

NT MSS
Recs. BC.

and adopted by Tischendorf,

H

XXIII

248).

and von Soden, is the form of has BesX'C^s^ov^X, said by Legge to be the Coptic form [PSBA 8 Cc. VI 3; XXV. 9 Cc. VI 5, 6; XXIII 2; XXIV i.
Nestle,

'

Demonology.
identified with

45

the aQXG)v

he trembles

before

xmv dacfiopicov of the Gospels 1, for "Emmanuel of the Hellenists" 2. But he is
3; his star is *^(J:7r£()ta4. Except summoned, and in C. VI, where he a figurehead. Only Kunopegos, a sort

not "Lucifer, star of the morning"
in C. Ill,
is

where he

is first is

examined, Beelzebul

of Poseidon,

mentions the fact that he, with
direction,

all

the demons,

is

subject to Beelzebul's
to

and

at intervals

comes

to land

arrested

it was on one of these trips that Beelzebul him and brought him before Solomons Many interesting demonic figures appear, such as Ornias, Asmodaeus, Lix Tetrax, Pterodrakon, the dog Rhabdos, the three headed dragon called xoQv<pri 6Qax6pra)V, Leontophoron

consult him;

the

demon of Gadara,

three

liliths,

or Empusas, called Onoskelis,

Enepsigos, and Obyzuth, seven stars that are xocffioxQaroQEg rov
cxoTOvg, and other thirty-six with the

same high sounding

title

who

are

the decani.

Limitation

of space forbids their further

discussion
defects,
to

here. They cause all kinds of diseases and bodily from seasickness to epilepsy, being particularly dangerous
in

women

childbirth

flotks, houses, ships,

and to and human

infants.
lives,

They destroy
will finally

fields,

and

bring the

end of the world
sort
'.

^.

The

thirty-six

decani are entirely of this
evil,

Demons

are sources also of moral

inspiring heresies,
evils.

idolatry, lust, theft,

envy, hatred, murder, war, and kinred
call

The seven kind^. So
out,

spirits

who

themselves xoOfioxgaroQEg are of

this

far as the writer of the in

Test has thought the matter

evil

does not reside

the

flesh,

nor in matter, nor can

it

be ascribed to God; sins are the result of demonic incitement.

How
zebul
are

or

when

the
is

angels

came
hosts

to

sin
in

we

are

not

told.

In

any case there
rules

no

real

dualism

the

Test

Though

Beel-

"the

spiritual

of wickedness,"
to
is

they and he
of

completely subject
for
their

to

God and
Mention

the divinely ordained

means

subjugation.

made

Tartarus,
1 Cf.

but no punishment for them seems to be

demons in known ex-

Mk lU
XIV
7.

22;

=

Mt Xlt

24;

=

Lk XI

16.

3
7

Is

12

AV;

kcoogJOQOQ 6 TCQCot dvatdXXcov

4 C. VI
C.

5 C.

XVI

3,

5.

6 Only

in

2 C. VI 8. LXX. P VI 4, cmoXat xbv

seoafxov.

XVIII.

8 CVIII.

46

Astrology.

Angelology.

cept that which Solomon and the magic revealed in the Test

can

inflict.
2.

Astrology.

— A
moon
3,

large proportion of the

demons

in the

Test

have some

definite astrological relationship.

Demons
^

and
or

men

are said to reside in a star^, or a sign of the zodiac

a phase of the
liable to injury
is

and mortals seem to be

particularly

from demons who are avvaCrgol with them, that belong to the same star 4. The author seems to think of the
of the
stars

influence

as

wholly

baleful.

Asmodaeus

says,

madness after women" ^, and that suggests the prevailing notion. There is, I believe, no reference to prediction by means of astrology.
"through the stars
I ("scatter^

One
piece

chapter (XVIII), a

list

of the thirty-six decani, over bodily.

is

a

of astrological material taken

In this case

each dsxapog is thought of as a demon causing certain diseases, which are recorded, and the means for counteracting them are

Here the astrological entity does not belong to the demon, or the demon to it, but is the demon. On the other hand one may doubt whether the stars are thought of as living beings, for in XX 17 it is said, "the stars are founded in the firmament" so that they cannot fall. It would seem that astrodetailed.

logical influences are operative, not of themselves, but through

the

demons

that "dwell" in each star or sign.

In other words,
It is in-

the astral deities of paganism have
teresting to
Israelites
is

become demons ^.
for,

note also that the
transferred
pillar

pillar

of cloud of the ancient
as Dr.

to

the heavens,

pointed out^, the
3.

suspended

in air^ is the

The angelology of. the Test is entirely Angelology ^. undeveloped. Aside from Michael and Raphael no angels appear
as

James has Milky Way.

actual

actors.

Numerous angel names, including many

that

are familiar and

many

not elsewhere discovered, are scattered

HU^ai and ddevo) are the verbs used. 1 Cc. V 4, VI 7, VII 6, et passim. aoXQOV seems to mean any astrological entity. An astrological papyrus fragment at Munich has points of affinity with the Test, see Arc/dv f. Pap.-Forschung I 3 C. IV 9. 4 C. IV 6. 2 C. II 2. 5 C V 8. (1900-1) 492ff. 6 Cf. the attempt to combine the polytheistic and polydaemonistic viewpoints in

VII

6.

7

CL

Bibliogr. Ill

5.

8 C.

XXIV

5.

9 See Index

II.

Magic and Medicine.

47

through the book, but they are charms rather than designations of real beings. They are given .solely for their apotropaic value.
Considering the fact, however, that the two great archangels do
actually appear,
it is

likely that the author believed in the actual

existence of great

numbers of
subject to
there
is

angels, jyst as he did of

demons,

and thought that each appeared,

subdue the

demon

when his name was called, to him^ Aside from the use of the
allusion to an angelic hierarchy.

word aQxccyyeXog
4.

no

Magic and Medicine. The prime interest of the writer For him demons were what bacilli of the Test was medical. are to the modern physician, and his magical recipes and angel names are his pharmacopoeia. The one case where he embarks upon a piece of magical mysticism only serves to emphasize For when, at Solomon's request that he speak jtsQt this fact. rc5v ijtovQavlcoVy Beelzebul tells him the recipe whereby he may
see the heavenly

dragons circling 'round and hauling the chariot
at

of the sun

2,

he

is

was forbidden magic, although
likewise

once rebuked and silenced. Evidently this There is it might well be true.

a story of obtaining wealth through a
evidently dangerous.
in his

demon 3, but such
^.

suggestions bear fruit only for the beautifying of the temple

Such use of demons

is

As
the

in his

demonology, so also

magic the author comhas
full

bined various and inconsistent views.

He

confidence in

power of the magic name, which, in most cases, is an angel name. To subjugate Onoskelis Solomon "spoke the name of the Holy One of Israel" ^ Men are led astray, says Asmodaeus, "because they do not know the names of the angels which are
ordained over us"
infrequent,
6.

In the original
in

Test Ephesia

except

the

list

of the thrity-six

decani'^.

grammata are Here
that are pos-

there appear
sibly

some

well

known angel names, a few

real names, but not a few ovo^ara aOfjfia in the best manner of the magic papyri and "Gnostic" amulets. Since these voces mysticae are less numerous in the former part of the

1 As Raphael does,

II yf.

Cf.

Test

Dan VI
IV
12.
cf.

i.

2 C.

VI

10 f.

3
7

C.

IV

7.

4

C.

X

5—9.

6

C.

C. XVIII, esp. sees. i5f., 21, 29, 32;

also

6 C. V 5; cf. XXVI 8 H. VII 6, likewise ^ piece of

unregenerate Hellenistic magic.

48
section,
it

Solomon and His

ring.

would appear that a Jewish editor had undertaken the task of removing the heathen elements, but had become weary before he was done.
Likewise there appear the well-known apotropaic materials,

j

j

such as
organs
the

iron,

lead,

wood from

a wrecked ship,
^,

spittle,

certain

of animals, and kinds of plants

and the common maill,
i.

gical devices,

such as the use of the cause to cure the

e.,

name

to cure a
tions

demon to drive the demon away or a fishbone person who has swallowed one^ the drinking of poof the

or sprinkling them about, and the writing of amulets or hanging them in the house ^. Surely these methods of aversion are fundamentally inconsistent with monotheism and with the
view' that the angels are appointed to frustrate the demons.

ring of

Solomon
Solomon.

differs

only in that

it

The was probably thought to
in the folkIn

contain the ineffable name-*.
5.

Few

figures

have bulked larger

.lore

of Jews,
Test

Mohammedans, and
already the wise

Christians than Solomon,

the

he

is

man and magician par
wiles of his

excellence^

the favorite of God,
includes
insight
into

endowed by him with
the
for

divine ooq>ia, which

crafty

demonic

captives.

He

uses the

demons

one purpose only, to

assist in building

and beautifying the great Temple at Jerusalem, this labor being the usual form of punishment adopted for them. Solomon's
glory, the visit

and

gifts

of the Queen of Sheba, and the
all this is

gifts

of other kings are described in some detail; but

only
the

temporary, for the

^^-ise

king,

deceived by Eros, held by
is

bonds of Artemis
1 See
I

as the

demons prophesied^,
XVHI 28,
VII
3,

eventually led
10,

II 6,

V

12,

IV

8,

V

gf.,

13,

VI

XVIII

20, 33.

am much
is

in

doubt whether the means used by Raphael in

II

8 to subdue
of

Ornias
the

the application of parts of the xi^ii d-akdaa}]g (as with or the casting of the
text. I

Asmodaeus
both

fish),

uot^a

(in astrological fashion?), or

as in the

restored

gical phrase, but Dr.

do not find (xoiQav ^LTtteiv in Vettius Valens as an astroloConybeare so understands it {^QJ^ XI 18 and n. 2). 2 C. XVIII 35. 3 Cf. c. XVIII.

4

Cf.

m/ra VII

14.

Cf.

Charles'
to secure

interesting view

that the sealing of the

144,000 in Rev VII
the Apocalypse^

4—8

was

them against demonic

attack (Studies in

19131 PP-

nS — 32).

is

That Solomon was not regarded as a model of perfection ir. 5 C. indicated by the statement that the murder of his brothers was caused by jindtri.

Vm9,

Apocalyptic element.

m\

sites,

by the Shunamite to and thus loses
prophecies that
Test
all
it

sacrifice locusts to the
all

gods of the Jebuis

his

power.

How
said

soon he dies

not

indicated, but at his death,

convinced by the fulfilment of their

the

demons had

was

true,

he writes the

and leaves

to the Children of Israel.

The
which
tc»

chief part of Solomon's magical

equipment

is

his ring,

is

given to him

by Michael

at

God's

command

in

answer

the

king's

prayer ^

Either in his

best beloved servant, or even the

own hand, or that of his demon Ornias it at once subhave removed the original

dues

every

demon.

The

editors
if
is

statement as to the inscription,
of the ring after Solomon's
fall

there

was one 2

What became
first

not stated.

Several features of the Solomonic legend receive their

known
Geister

literary

expression in the

Test.

To quote

Salzberger,

„Immerhin wird es hier
Liebe" zu

zum ersten Male ausgesprochen, dafi Sal. beim Tempelbau verwendet habe und da6 er, durch die
einer Jebusiterin
in

heidnischen Kult verstrickt, der

Macht
spott

iiber die Geister verlustig

gegangen und ihnen zum Geist

geworden

sei.

Zu beachten

auch,

dal3 die ,.Konigin

des Siidens" bereits als eine Zauberin (yo^ye) auftritt"^.
6.

Apocalyptic element.
very
slight*.

Test

is

Certain prophecies

The apocalyptic element in the by the demons and their
in

speedy and exact fulfilment are related
trustworthiness
particular,

order to prove the
general,

of the demons* revelations in

and,

in

of their statements regarding their
for their frustration
^,

own

activities

and

the

means

In

some

cases these prophecies
in certain refer-

extend far beyond Solomon's time, particularly
ences to Christ as

subdue individual demons ®. The only section which may be called measurably apocalyptic
will

one who

1 C. I 5

7.

2 Cf. infra VII 14.
II

3 Salomosage

11.

29 The Testament of Abraham^ says, "The names *Testament' and 'Apocalypse' are convertible terms. In the case of the Apocalypses of Adam, Moses, and Isaiah we have positive evidence of this fact, and it is

4 Dr. James, TS

known
ment.
rule,

that most,

if

not

all,

extant 'Testaments' have a large Apocalyptic elenearest to transgressing thi^

The Testaments of Job and Solomon come
but even they do not actually transgress
it."

5 Cc.

UNT.

9:

V 5; VI McCown.

3, 5;

VIII 11; XII

4.

6 Cc. XI 6; XII

3.

4

50
in

The

Christianity of the Testament.

tonei

is

found

in

that part of the

Test which

is

preserved

MS P, and, therefore, while there is no doubt that the original Test had a prophecy in this place, it seems very likely that it resembled the one in V S, and contained at least no such
only in
detailed reference to Christ as
is

now

there found

2.

Did the writer of the Test, then, know nothing of the apohopes of Judaism and Christianity? At best these hopes had little meaning for him. He makes no reference to that element in Apocalyptic for which we would most naturally look, the expectation of the final overthrow and eternal binding of Beelzebul and his hosts ^. Aside from a single mention of the
calyptic

avPTEXsca^,

the writer has

his

eyes on his muckrake and sees
in the

no happier future for the world than his wretched recipes.
7.

continued use of

Jesus Christ.
is

— One

of the outstanding inconsistencies of

the

Test

its

introduction of Christ as the "angel"

who subdues

Whether these passages are Christian interpolations in a Jewish document will be discussed later ^ We are now concerned with the religious standpoint of the writer who
certain

demons.

gave the Test its present form ^. It is probable that VI 8 contains a reference to Christ. Certainly Rec B so understood it, and the phrase jcaga de^'EXXriCiv
^Eii^avovrjX
is

natural from

the pen

of a

Christian

who was
text
is

without knowledge of Hebrew, but familiar with the use of the

term Immanuel

in Christian circles, as in

XI

6,

Yet the

so corrupt and the

MSS

agree so

little

that the meaning cannot

be certainly made out. The garbled allusion to the "place of a skull" and "the wood" in XII 3 is so unintelligible as to afford no light on the author's views, but is plainly of Christian
origin.

Unmistakable

is

the

reference

in

c.

XI

to the incident ot

the Gadarene demoniac
is

who had

a legion of devils.

But what

the meaning of ev
1 C.

tqioX xaQaaxrjQOi xaxayBxai MEQvt]yjoviitvoc^
2 Cf. Anfra VII
6,

XV 8—12.
X
8; I

11.

3 Jub

En X
ii.

12;

XIV

5;

XVI

6;

Mt

XXV 41.
5

4

C XXV

1

5

Cf. infra

VII

6 With

this discussion cf.

Conybeare in

JQR

XI

12.

I

Sources and Relationships.

J

in

section 6?

P probably understood
Can the
three

it

to refer to iiid'

(= 644),
VI
8
In

the numerical value of ^EfiiiavovriX, already introduced in

and XI

6^.
is

characters

mean

the

trinity?

mentioned 6 liiXXcov xatsXi^-aii^ ocoxrjQ, Ov to droiX8top kv xq> fierwxo) may be a reminiscence of Apoc XXII 4, The sign is the Tcal TO ovofia avTOv 8jeI Tmv li^xmuimv avxSp.

XVII 4

Conybeare concluded from P's frequent introduction of ;(|Mc)'2. Another distinctively Christian passage is much milder in the A form than in Rec B, which, as Conybeare points out, is distinctively patricross, as

the next line shows, not a

number

as

passian

Rec A mentions the virgin birth, an and the crucifixion. The allusions to the permanent immaculacy of the Virgin and to the victory of Christ over Satan in the Temptation in XV lof. cannot be used
in

character ^.
angels,

adoration

by

to define the position of the originator of the

Test^.

Dr. Conybeare's
Test as "equivocal"
is

characterization of the Christianity of the
far

more

true of the original than

it

was

of

Rec

B,

which he had before him ^
after

The

nature of the writer's

faith

can be better understood
relationships

an investigation of the
to

sources and

of his subject matter,

which we

now

turn.

VII.

THE SOURCES AND RELATIONSHIPS OF THE SUBJECT
MATTER.
I.

Syncretism of the

Testament.

To

set forth

what the

present writer has collected for the purpose of interpreting the
its sources and relationships would require Yet what has been gathered has only touched the fringe of that great body of material bearing on magic^ demonology, astrology, and kindred superstitions which has recently appeared, much of it since this work was first under-

Test

and determining

a large volume.

1 So Conybeare understood,

op. ciL 28, n. 6.
6.

2 Op.
zodiac,

cit.

34,

§

71.

Diog. Laert.

102 uses azoiXHOV for "sign" of the
11.

3

C.

XXII

20; Conybeare op.

cit.

4

Cf. supra sec. 6, infra

Vll

tr.

5

JQR

XI

11.

4*

52

The

universal

human

element.

Assyrian and Babylonian influence.

taken*.
tely

The purpose

is

to introduce here only

what

is

absolu-

germain to the subject of the section. One point is clear cavil: Like other magic the Test is thoroughly eclectic. It borrows and combines elements, often contradictory, from all the nations that contributed to the civilization ab:ut the eastern

beyond

Mediterranean,
sources.

apparent consciousness of their The whole course of the succeeding discussion will
without

any

offer illustrations of this
2.
is

patent

fact.

The

universal

human

element.
in

In one direction caution

necessary, perhaps especially

the realm of comparative

magical and mythological study.
Tetrax.

Similarities are not always an

evidence of borrowing. Take an example from the story of Lix

As

the

demon

in the

form of a sand storm whirl-wind

by spitting on the ground 2 In modern Bengali charm for a whirl-wind exactly the same means is used to stay the demons Did the Test borrow from
approaches Solomon, he lays
a
it

India or the Bengali from the Test} Manifestly neither.
is

Spitting-

more natural than that spittle should magically lay a dust storm. So in many instances from widely separated localities the human mind under similar circumstances has reached similar conclusions. With this caution in mind we can proceed to notice the instances of real
almost universally apotropaic^.
is

And what

borrowing.

Assyrian and Babylonian influence. The great civilion the Euphrates deeply affected Hellenistic, Jewish, and Christian demonological and magical beliefs. Babylonia is one of the few countries in which theology and demonology, religion
3.

zation

and "her bastard daughter, magic/' seem from the first to have gone hand in hand^. There are no indications that the official cultus ever regarded magic as alien. Rather, the exorcism of
1 See, for example,

ERE^

arts.

''Ancestor Worship," "Baalzebub," "Birth",

"Charms and Amulets," "Cross," "Demons and Spirits," "Disease and Medicine," 'Divination,'' "Evil Eye," "Keres," and the literature there referred to. 2 C. VII 3. 3 In a little collection of charms sent the author by former pupils, Babu Probodh^Chandra MalUk and Babu Shusil Chandra Karuli. One must spit on
his

own

breast, however.

4 Cf, Conybeare,

op. cit.

23, n. 3.

.5 Famell, Greece

and Babylonia^ 300 f.

Assyrian and Babylonian elements.

53

countless

demons seems

to

have been one of the regular duties

of the priesthood, and, to judge from the relative proportion of

magical texts

among

those that have been preserved, one of the
i.

most important duties

Nowhere do we

find a ranker

growth
ill

Every possible of demonological beliefs than in Babylonia. accident that could happen, "a toothache, a headache, or
broken bone, a raging fever,
incomprehensible disease" ^,
all

a

an outburst of anger, of jealousy, of

were ascribed

to

demonic agency,
incantations.

and were to be averted or cured
This
that
is

by means of

precisely the atmosphere of the
superstition
3,

of Hellenistic

of tone proves

no direct

But it is also and such a general similarity relationship between the Test and the
Test
find

Euphrates valley.

Can we

more

definite evidence of de-

pendence?
peculiar resemblance appears between one class of Babydemons and a figure in the Test: the alakku marsu and "Ephippas, the wind demon of Arabia. Since the similarity is somewhat vague, I call attention to it with some hesitation. Ephippas is an early morning blast of wind that kills man and beast ^ or, according to MS D, "uproots houses and ti-ees and destroys men"^. The alakku marsu is „der Damon hills, and
lonian

A

der auszehrenden Krankheit" according to Jastrow^, but Sayce"^

and Thompson® render the word "fever."
with Ephippas' activities:
cf.

The

following from

Thompson's translation of the Asakku series shows interesting
similarities

1 Zimmern, Bab. Hymiten^ 13;
^

Jastrow, ReL Bab. Ass,, 253

273

—392,
4
6
7

Rogers,

Re/,

Sab, Ass,

144

— 159;

— 93,

Germ.,

Weber, Damonenbeschworungen.

The chief part of the hymns that have been preserved consists of incantations. 2 Rogers, op. cit. 145. 3 Cf. infra VII 7.
C.

XXII

2f.

5

MS D

VXi.

Rel. Bab, Ass. I

348 fF.; he is uncertain as to what disease is meant. Hibbert Led. 18S7, 477; Sayce translates thus "The plague-demon bums
:

up the land like fire. The plague-demon like the fever (asakku) attacks a man. The plague-demon in the desert like a cloud of dust makes his way. The plaguedemon like a foe takes captive a man. The plague-demon like a flame consumes
a

man.

Ephippas), ever goes round and round.

The plague-demon, though he hath neither hands nor feet The plague-demon like destruction
Spirits II 31.

(cf,

cuts

down

the sick

man."
Cf. Rogers, Rel. Bab. Ass,

8 Devils and Evil

147.

54
tlie

Iranian influence.

evil

Fiend,
^
. . .

i The roaming windblast The evil Spirit which in the street creates a storm wind The evil Fever hath come like a deluge, and

Girt with dread brilliance it fiUeth the broad earth, Enveloped in terror it casteth fear abroad; It roameth through the street, it is let loose in the road

.

.

.

^

An
And

evil

ghost (?J hath assailed the land.

perturbed the people of the land above and below:

A

pestilence, a plague that giveth the land

no

rest,

Hath cast desolation upon it. The great Demon, Spirit, and Fiend, which roameth The angry, qualciug storm [which if one] seeth

the broad places for men,

He

turneth not nor looketh back again

^

Fever [asakku) hath blown upon a

man

as the wind-blast

5.

That
or,

this is the closest parallel
is

between the Test and AssyroGranting that Babylonian,
contributed to the
rests

Babylonian demonology
at
least,

significant.

Semitic

superstition
still

may have

figure of Ephippas,

we

can assert only that the Test

mass of Sumerian-Semitic beliefs of which we have the earliest and fullest illustrations from the Babylonian tablets, but not that it has borrowed directly^. To Mazdaism is to be ascribed the 4. Iranian influence.
ultimately
that great

upon

questionable honor,

not of introducing demonology and angeloits

logy into Judaism', but of decidedly directing

development^.

been so deeply affected as has the New Testament Apocalypse, for example, in its war between Michael and the Dragon 9, nor even as PauH*'; for there is no dualism

The

Test has not

in

our

text.

Its

writer

knows Beelzebul only
9.

as ^'ruler of the

1 Op.

cit.

5.

2 Uid.
It is,

3
it

Ibid.

II.

4
is
it

Ibid.

13.
is

5
aaxdq-,

Ibid. 31.

perhaps, worthy of note that Ephippas
silly

caught

in an

a

sack.

However

may

seem,

not possible that a popular

etymology connected asakku and aOicdq6 The
7
lilith,

who

appears

in three

forms

(of.

supra

p.

45),

is

an

inter-

national figure, and, therefore, no evidence of Babylonian influence.

So

Perles, Boussefs Rel. des

Judentums^
304!!;,

p. 36.

Zarathnstra

325 ff., IV 991 f.; Mills, 436; Bousset, Rel. des Jud. 387; Clemen, Prim. Christ. 11 iff. Religionsgesch. Erkl. 85 ff., where earlier literature is cited. See particularly Griin-

8 Moulton,

Early Zoroastrianism

HDB

=

baum, "Beitrage" in 9 Cf. Moulton,

ZDMG XXXI, HDB IV 992.

256; Dibelius, Geisterwelt, i83ff., igoff.

10

d-ebq

rov alojvoQ tovtov,

2

Co

IV, 4.

Iranian influence.

55

has no doubt that God can empower Solomon who knows the angelic names to frustrate and bind or any one any and all demons. The archangels, though their names appear^

demons"

1.-

He

and the one group of Yet one cannot read the Persian sacred writings without being struck by the Test^. And, furthermore, the Test has adopted one Mazdian demon, Aesma daeva, or Asmodaeus^ very much in his Magian character. Plainly the demon of tlie Test is the same as that of Tobit but the writer did not have Tobit before him or he would not have used the heart and gall, instead of the heart and liver, of
never are grouped seven

together as seven,
Parsi coloring ^

demons has no

s,

the fish as his (paQ^iaxa.

His additional

details,

such as the name

of the fish, yXavoq,

show
its

of Tobit in his mind,
folklore

that, while he may have had the story he was drawing upon the developing Jewish

which had

fount in the original source and eventua-

ted in the

Talmudic Asmodaeus®.

In another direction
to

we

naturally look for Persian influence

manifest

itself,

medans

identified

namely on the Solomonic legend. The MohamSolomon with Yima, the Jamshid of Firdausi,

because he had taken over so

many
VII

traits

of the Persian hero,

1 C.

II 9.

2 C. VIII; cf. infra

6,

p.

60.

S See the Vendldad, the "anti-demoniac law," (Moulton, Early ReL Poetry of Persia^ 12), esp. the incantations of Fargards XIX and XX, and the account in XXII of Angra Mainyu's creation of 99, 999 diseases [SEE IV 203 235),
and Darmesteter's discussion,
ibid.

LXXXV— XCV.

4 Moulton, Early

Rel, Poetry

Aesma Daeva,

as does Stave,

JE
the

I

of Persia 68 f., accepts the derivation from 220 f., and Marshall, HDB I 172. Ginzberg,
identity,

y^

II 219,

though
112,

admitting
n.

denies the derivation;
86,
n.
7.

cf.

Prim, Christ.
Tobit
is

7

^

Clemen,
that

ReL-Gesch, Erkl.

Moulton's

theory

Magian legend revamped by a Jew in its present form {Early Zoroast. 246—253) is accepted by Simpson, Charles' Apoc. and Pseudep; of the OT 1 185 f. On the influence of the Ahikar cycle see J. Rendell Harris, "The Double Text of Tobit," AyP HI (1899) 541 554, and Clemen, loc. cit., who quotes Fries,
a

ZJVTW
5


V

1905 16S, which I have not at hand.
Test
is

V; Tob

III 8,

17;

7f.;

VI 13—17; VIII

2f.

more plainly the "wrath demon" in the Test than in Tob. There is no reference to Egypt in the Testy cf. Tob VIII 3. Is the uncertain phrase TrXJQrig d6ovq ntxglag (Test V 13) an attempt to render the "wo;inding spear"
6 A,
of

AeSma

(I? I 32)?

1

Cf.

SBE IV

p.

Lxvil,

^E

II

217

f.

^6
particularly
bis

Egyptian elements.

renown as a builder i. The Talmudic story of Solomon combines elements from the legends of Takhma Urupa, who made Ahriman his horse until his wife betrayed him 2^ of Yima, the prosperous king and great builder, who, like Takhma Urupa, "ruled over the Daevas and men, the Yatus and Pairikas," but sinned and fell before the usurping Azhi Dahaka^ and of
Thraetaona, the
smiter*.
its

first

healer,

the inventor of magic,

the fiend-

In

the

Test,

however,

we catch

the story

midway

in

There has arisen, as yet, no demonic being to d epose the king, and th e Test lacks, therefore, the most characteristic detail which the Talmud borrowed from Persia 5.
development.

The
fluences

evidence, then, justifies the conclusion that Persian
are
at

in-

drew

its

work upon the folklore from which the Test inspiration, and have affected our text in part directly,

in part

through Tobit and, no doubt, other Apocrypha. Yet the

Test cannot

come from

circles where, as in

Babylon, for example,

Magian influence was dominant. Egypt 5. Egyptian elements.

is

pre-eminently the land
the Dead"

of magic,

but not of demonology®.
its

Her "Book of

almost from

inception had the purpose of magically insuring

the happiness of the dead in the hereafter;

and the ancient inhabitants of the Nile valley were so much concerned with tl^e future life that their magical texts gave little attention to avert1 Salzberger, Salomosage

5

;

SBE IV

1

8,

n. 3.

2 Yt XIX 29 {SBE XXIII 292 f.; cf. ibid, 252, 3 Yt XIX 31— 38 {ibid, 293—295, 297, and n. 5).
5

n.

i).

4 Vend,
5

XX {SBE IV219).
oi

The legends of

the Shakneime/i

(cf,

Atkinson,
in

— 34,

the only version

Firdausi available to me)
i6f.,

with

the

allusions

the Dadzstan-i'Dlmk

(XXXIX

SBE XVIII
light

much

I27f.), Bundahish XXIII i {SBE V 87), and elsewhere throw on the references in the earlier literature, but they have probably

Darmesteter, Le Zend Aoesta II 624, cited
dahish

been influenced in their turn by the developed Jewish and Musulman tales; cf. by Moulton, Early Zoroast, 150. Bun-

XXXIV

4 f.

(5!5£

V

I49f.)

is

particularly

interesting because

it

brings

Dahak

demons and zodiacal signs, Cf, a closer parallel to Solomon and Asmodaeus in King Mukunda and the hunchback in the Panchatantra (Benfey II 124 127 cf, I 129 f,).

into connection with Scorpio,

much

as the Test connects certain

;

IV 584—590. 749—753 (Foucart), Wiedemann, Mag, und Zaub.\ Breasted, RTAE 281 f.,
ft

Cf.

ERE

III

430—433

(Naville);

296, et pas.^

Erman, Ag,

Ret,

c.

VI, 148—164.

:

Egyptian elements,

JJ

ing
that

ill

from the

living.

Yet enough has been preserved
spirits,

to

show

the fear of evil

especially the ghosts of the dead,

was abroad here as in Babylonia and Persia, even thought the Egyptian demonology is so official texts reflect but little of it.
definite color and in general so much like that of and Greece that one can hardly hope to show from Babylonia In the this side any distinctive Egyptian traits in the Test, times when the T^est was written it was of the variegated mix-

lacking

in

ture that

we call Hellenistic When we turn to astrology, however,
i.

the case

is

different,

for

one of the longest sections
is

in

the Test^

that having to
It
is

do

with the thirty-six decani^^

distinctly Egyptian.

has been
as the

generally accepted since Letronne that astrology

not,

ancients supposed, of Egyptian origin, but rather that Babylonia

was

its

native

land

3.

As

Boll,

however, has shown 4, having

been adopted by the Egyptian priesthood and actively practised

by them, it came to be so thoroughly at home and so mixed with Egyptian elements as to be really native, "in ihrer Eigenart autochthon, wenn auch in allem rein agyptischen Inhalt von sehr spatem Ursprung" s. Particularly is this true of the decanL They were originally, not Babylonian ®, but Egyptian divisions of the equator', which were given an astrological significance. "Nur diese (the Egyptian astrology) hat die 36 Dekane personifiziert alle andere Dekandarstellungen in Indien oder bei den Arabern
gehen darauf
is

in letzter

Linie zuriick," says

BoU^

This sentence
Test has fully

especially noteworthy for our purpose,

for the

personified the decani.

Various

lists

of decani have

come down

to

us

9.

With

Cf.

1 Erman, op, ciL 227 ff. 2 C. XVIil. 3 M. Letronne, Sur I'Origine du Zodiaque Grec, Paris 1849, Riess, in Pauly-Wissowa II 180S, art, "Astrologie" Cumont, Or,
;

^^P* P* 2.
Rel.

133 f.,

163; Astrol, 74ff.

4 Spkaera 372 f,
Asirol.
cit,

6 Bouche-Leclerq,
7

5 Uid, 373. Gr, 215—240.
2.

Boll, op,

316, 336, n.

8

Ibid. 2i6f.
cit, 232 f., and that in by G. Daressy, Annates du 236—9, XarfT., iSoff.; by Ahmed

9 See the comparative table
Service des Ant, de t' Egypt, I

in Bouche-Leclerq, op,

Budge, Gods of the Egyptians II 304

— 308

;

also articles

79

— 90,

III 175,

bey Kamal,

ibid,

IX

192.

58

Egyptian elements.

these the
for

the

names in the Test do not at all agree, but seem rather most part to be Hebrew, or, perhaps, mock Hebrew ^
activities

Yet the Tests account of the
is

of these siderial

spirits

not original invention,

for,

at

the beginning,

the two chief

one given by Pitra from a Moscow and a Vienna MS 2 and one given by Kroll from another Vienna MS ^, agree with the Test in certain essential particulars. The names in Vind. 108 and its fellow, Par. 2419, do not correspond with any other list, just as those of the Test do not. The peculiarity of the names in the last, therefore, need not trouble us; That the activities
lists,

ascribed to the several decans should not agree in
is

all the lists not strange, in view of the confusion in the Egyptian lists i

Kroll's
still

While there is much closer resemblance between Pitra's and documents than between either of them and the Test,
they
differ in

many important

particulars.

They

all

agree

on the fundamental proposition, which Celsus described as an Egyptian belief, that the decans rule diseases, each of a certain
part of the
that
it

body^
the head,

In the case of the

first

decan

all

three agree

M-V

although the Test adds xgoxafpovq, which puts under the second. Vind. 108 has jtad-rj 6g)d-akfiwv
is
it

under, the second decan, while the Test has

unter the

third.

Under the
things

third

both

toothache.

and Vind. 108 have among All three agree that the fourth decan

M-V

other
rules

diseases of the throat.
similarities

point on there are still fewer between the three accounts, yet these we have indithis
of Origen, contra Ceh.

From

1 The
/xovsq
cerpt
is

allusion

VI

30, to

to

ol knzd.
sure,

not applicable to the decani.

There

is,

be

aQxovteg 6atan Antiochus ex-

which mentions the 5' 6^xav5)V O'/rJixa (Boll, Sphaera 57), but this either means the Pleiades, or, as seems to me more probable, it is a mistake for the seven planets (cf. ibid. 280), which are sometimes connected with the thirty-six
decani
(ibid,

302),

See Bouch^-Leclerq, Astral. Gr. 224

— 230.
23,

2
ol.

Analecta

V,

2, 285,

from Mosquensis 415

and Vindobon. Medic.

50, referred to as

M-V.

3
p.

CCAG VI

73—78, from Vind. Graec. 108
is

(= MS

S,

cf.

supra

II 7,

18)

with the seals for each decan; there

also given a parallel list of

names

from Par. 2419

(= MS W,
Cels,

cf.

supra II 11,
cit.

p. 26).

4

Cf. Bouche-Leclerq, op.

230, n. 3.
loc.
cit.^

5 Contra
micus, and ch.

VIII 58. Cf. Bouch^-Leclercq,
Astrol.," pp. 517

quotation from Fir-

XV, "La Medicine

— 542.

Jewish elements.

59

cated

are

common

tradition.

Hellenistic

more than fortuitous. They evidently rest upon a But M-V has for the first few names the i, and theretransliteration of the old Egyptian names
connect
safe,

fore serves to

this
in

common

tradition with
this

Egypt.

We
Test

are

then,

concluding that

chapter of the

comes from Egyptian sources,
list

presenting
editor has

probably

a

Jewish revision of a
nearly
in

of decani.

The

made

it

more

monotheistic than the other accounts mentioned above,

regarding the

decans as demons who cause disease, rather
"rule" {xvQisvsi) or cure {iaxai) the parts affecfailed to

than deities
ted.

who

Yet he has

purge out

all

the heathen elements,

such as the

amulets and voces mysticae'^.
I

Other evidence of

Egyptian influence
6.

am

unable to

find.

Jewish elements and relationships.
is

a)

That Judaism

is

one main source of the Test

apparent on every page.

The

background,

the plot,

and the principal characters are Jewish.

Solomon, wise man, builder, and glorious king, the Queen of
all familiar Old Testament though sometimes presented here in strange connections. figures, In pre-Christian times Solomon was already on the way to become a magician, both in the canonical books and in the Apo-

Sheba, and the Shunamite girP are

crypha*.

Josephus shows
his

this

conception of the king gradually

developing,

exorcisms and the remedial or magical plants

recommended being already in practical use by Jewish His ring, his power over demons, and his use of them on the Temple become commonplaces of Jewish legendary lore. His glory and his fall are put in telling contrast by the editors of the Old Testament as they are by the Test. demonology of the Test are b) The angelology and practically those of the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Our text contains the view, based upon Gen VI i 4 and found in Ethiopic Enoch VI— VII, XV— XVI and Jubilees VII 2 iff., X 5, that the angels who fell and their offspring became
he had

magicians ^

1 Bouch^-Leclercq,

Astrol. gr. 232

f.,

Budge, Gods

XI

304—308, beginning
i

with No. 27,

p.

307.

2 Cf.

suj>ra

VI

4.
a),

3 Cant VI 12, VII i. 4 See fuller discussion below, VIII & Ant VIII 25; quoted below VIII i d).

b).

6o

Jewish elements.

demons!; but much of
in the Similitudes (I

it

seems rather to follow the belief found
cf.

En XXXVII— L XXI;

Charles, ^wt?^^ p. lo;)

demons have existed since the creation. The Pseudo-Philonic Jewish work de antiquitatibtis biblicis, dating from the latter
that

part of the

first

century A. D., in
SauliSy

its

citkarismus regis Dauid

contra
in

daemonium
Test

unites

this

the

as to the origin of certain demons.
is

view with another found According to
In the thus:

a badly tangled passage Onoskelis

born of an echo.

Citkarismus David addresses the

demon

Et factum est tunc noraen in compaginatione extensionis quod appellatum caelum (There follows a reference to the creation of the earth but not of animals and man.) Et post haec facta est tribus spirituum vestrorum. Et nunc molesta esse noli, tanquam secunda creatura; si quominus, memorare Tartari in quo ambulas. Aut non audire .... Aut immemores quoniam de resultatione in chaomate nata est vestra creatura.
est superius
. . .

Less apposite

is

a parallel Dr. James notes from Dieterich,
eysvv7]d'7]6ap d-eol Ijrra-.

Abraxas^
In
in

p. 17,

y^XaCavroq Sk xov d-sov

spite

of great differences in detail the general manner

which each demon's work is described in I En LXIX i 12^ may well have contributed to the demon portraits in the Test. The section on the seven xo^^JoxQaroQsg (c. VII) is based upon exactly the same conceptions of evil and of demons as the list
of seven vices in Test.

Reuben

III 3

—6;

yet the

lists

do not
appa-

agree except that the third in each has to do with
rently

ftax'^,

a

mere coincidence.

Jub

X 7 — 9,
left

which

tells

how God
evil spirits

commanded
in "the

the angels to imprison nine tenths of the

place of condemnation", and

one tenth

free under

1 See above

VI
3,

i.

Cf.

Griinbaum, "Beitrage,"
Citharistmis

ZDMG XXXI 225.
JQR X (1898) 277—332
Philo of Alexandria."
of July
8, 1916, after

2 Dr. James printed the
fragments in

with three other Pseudo-Philonic

75 II

Apocrypha Anecdota^ Cambridge, 1893, without being aware

of their origin. Dr.L.Cohn called attention to the source in
in

an

article entitled

"An Apocryphal Work

Ascribed

to

The text I have quoted Dr. James communicated in a making a further collation of MSS. James and Cohn
below VIII
particularly
J

letter

agree as to the date.

See

c)

for the concluding sentence of the so-called song.

3 From the "Apocalypse of Noah." One might think the Test depended upon this work, were it not that the rest of the sections Charles
to
it

ascribes

{Enoch,

pp. 24 f.) do not at all agree with the Test,
I

e,

g. as to

sorcery and witchcraft,

En

VIII, IX.

Jewish elements.

6l

command
Test

of Mastema,

explains the statement of Beelzebul in

VI 3 that his second in command rules his race in TarNot only its demonology in general but certain partitarus.
cular figures of

our text are well
at

known
it

in

Jewish mind.

Tobit
lilith

has

made Asmodaeus also came to belong to Judaism as Judaism, however, gave more
is

home

in the

Jewish folklore.

The

did to other nations.
to angels than to

attention

demons. While here the Test differs in emphasis, the view point the same. Among the Jews as in our text exorcism was one

of the chief

means of

healing, so

much

so that in antiquity the

Jew became almost as famous for magical arts as the Chaldean. "The Graeco-Roman world regarded the Jews as a race of ma-

Angel names, of which so many occur in the Pseudwere often used in incantations. The Jews were fully persuaded of the power of the "name" 2^ and they also thought of the angels as specially commissioned to protect the
gicians" ^

epigrapha,

righteous from the machinations of demons.

There
era.

are

thus

many

similarities

between the

Test and

Jewish folklore and superstition of the beginning of the Christian

But that our document is dependent in a literary way upon the Apocrypha or Pseudepigrapha does not at all appear. I have discovered but two quotations from Jewish literature, one
the
x-i]v

passage touching the corner stone 3, the other the phrase
Tcov

Owp

d^Qovcov jtagsdQOv 6og)iav\ taken from the

Wisdom

same book K In the passages describing Solomon's glory and the Temple, where one
of Solomon,

and a possible

allusion to the

would expect quotation, there
the
biblical

is

only a free development of
of Jewish such as the coming

accounts ^

One might mention elements
Test,
all

thinking which are absent from the
of the

Messiah to destroy

the

demons"^.

We

must, then,

1 Ludwig Blau,
was

^E

VIII 255 f.,
it

frequency of allusions to

in

art. "Magic." He says, tdid. 255, "The the Bible indicates that the practice of magic

common throughout
on the
2 Heitmiiller,

ancient Israel,"

Cf,

his

Altjud. Zauberwesen,
Schiirer

one of
f.

the classics

subject, also Bousset,

ReL Jud. 391 and

GJVUl 408

Im Namen Jesu

176

— 80.
I Pt II 6.

3

C.

4

C. Ill 5;

6 C.

XXIII 4; Ps CXVIII 22; Mt XXI 42 and parallels, Sap IX 4. 5 C. V 3; Sap VII i. XIX, XXI. 7 Cf. I En LXIX 27.

62
conclude
that,

Jewish elements.

document operated with Apocryphal and Pseudepigraphic writers, he is not in a literary way dependent upon any Jewish literature. On the other hand so many traits connect him with the rabbinical writings that we must suppose him to live during
while the writer of our
beliefs as the

much

the

same

or after the
c)

first

century of the Christian era.

Turning to the Talmud we find parallels to many of oui^ stories ^ The account of Benaiah's capture of Asmodaeus by the use of a magic ring and chain, a bundle of wool, and a
skin
(I

of wine 2 reminds

one of the

slave's

capture of Ornias

lo

— 14)
in in

used
pas

and again of Ephippas (XXII 9—16), for the ring is both cases. It is pressed upon Ornias and seals Ephip4
sack,

his

while in the rabbinic legend Benaiah cries to
is

Asmodaeus, "The name of the Lord
is

upon

thee,"

Ephippas
it

caught

in the

sack instead of by drinking wine from
future

As-

modaeus shows a knowledge of the
foolish

and laughs

at men*s

plans, just as Ornias does

3.

The
in

idea that the demons
In Hagiga
Test

know

the future

is

found elsewhere
is

the Talmud. the

i6a the collocation of ideas

much

same

as in the

"The rabbans taught: The demons possess six characteristics, three like the ministering angels, and three like the sons of men. Three like the ministering angels: they have wings like the ministering angels and they fly from one end of the world to
the other like the
ministering

angels

and they know what
to

is

determined
angels.

for the future (rTT^tib

l^iW^

ird) like the ministering

They know!
it

Do you come

that opinion?

Rather

from behind the curtain like the ministering anThree like the sons of men: they eat and drink like the gels. sons of men, they propagate themselves like the sons of men,
they hear

and they

die like the sons of men"*.

The Abotk of R. Nathan
^

1 Ginzberg, Legends IV 165 2 Gittin 68a; Ginzberg,
J}

— 9.
cit,\

loc,

JE

XI 4435.
1850,

C.

XX

6—18;

cf.

a

story

of the angel of death related by Brecher,
j

Transcendentale, Magie

und magische Heilarten im Talmud Wien
Test

p.

58 f.,

from Suca 53 a. 4 Goldschmidt
the curtain.''

III 2 839, Streane, 92; cf.

XX

16 for

'

'hearing behind

Jewish elements.

53

adds:

"Many

say;

They change

their

appearance according to
seen*'i.

every form

as
is

they wish, and they see and are not
instructive in that
it

This passage

describes the

demonology

of fhe Test and
writer

reduces

it

to a

system which apparently our

was not able

to construct.

d) While, however, there are

many resemblances between

Jewish angelology,
Test^ it

demonology, magic, and mythology and the must not forthwith be taken as proved that it is a Jewish work. It certainly was not a product of rabbinic Judaism such as is seen in the Babylonian Talmud, and later Jewish speculation.

Samael appears only in MS D, the angel of death, Malak Iia-Moweth, of the Zohar and Qelippoth not at all 2. Asmodaeus
is

an

entirely

different

character,

his

plac e

being taken by

Ornias and the

New

Testament BeelzebuP.

with a halo

of Jewish tradition come to surround Solomon which only begins to appear in the Test^, Among the many later traits not found in our document, one which might easily have been used is the statement in Targum Sheni

The

mists

Esther that "Solomon ruled over the wild beasts, over the birds
of heaven,
as

over the

and over the creeping beasts of the earth, as well devils, the spirits of the night; and he understood
all

the

language of

these

according as

it

is

written,
I

'and he 33 ^

talked with the trees,'" instead of 'of the trees,'

Kg IV

most decisive illustrations of the difference between the Test and later Judaism is the account of the fall of Solomon. The subject was one which the Jewish theologians
the
in the early

One of

Christian centuries discussed with
attitude
in

Test in

its

stands

the

Amoraim,

that,

some heat*^. The midway between the Tannaim and while Solomon falls, it is under the
ille-

pressure

of a passion which seems not to be regarded as
"Die Zahlenspruche in Talmud
u.

1 A. Wiinsch,
4i6f.; Aboth di R.

Midrasch",

ZDMG LXVI

Nathan 37

3.

2 Cf. Meyer, Qabbalah 43of., 4:^2—7.

XXXI
^age\

3 See Griinbaum's characterization of the Talmudic Asmodaeus in ZDMG 216, following Git 68a, b, and Fes iioa. 4 Cf. Eisenmenger, Entd, Jud. 1 441 Faerber, K, Sal.; Salzberger, Salomo;

JE

Xl438fr., 448.

5 Salzberger, op, cit. 93 f, from f. 440, ed. David p. 8. 6 Faerber, K, Sal. 4 19, Salzberger, Salomosage I2f.

64
gitimate,

Jewish elements.

^

and he

his

worship
not

of idols

was not conscious and]

brazen, but consisted merely in crushing certain locusts before 1
idols,

for

"did

consider the blood of the locusts" i.j

This charitable estimate quite befits a writer

who wished

his

work accepted as a valuable medical treatise own hand. That in the Test Asmodaeus has nothing to do with the king's fall at once differentiates the work from the Talmud and proves that it had no close connection with those! popular cycles of Solomonic myth from which the rabbis pro-j
from Solomon's
|

bably drew

their stories.

Moreover, in the Test there

is,

on

the]
his;

one band, no hint that the king lost his throne along with power over the demons,- and, on the other, no restoration of power, while the ring, which is the chief means by which
gains
in the

his

hej

his

power over the demons,

is

not indispensible, as

it is

Talmudic legends-. The connection of a Shunamite girl^ with Solomon's fall is unique. It must have been suggested byj the name in Cant VI 12; VII i, and it would seem to hint at an interpretation of Canticles otherwise unknown to me^, and entirely
1 C.
op, cit, 8f.

XXVI

5.

The
b.

Test takes the attitude of the Half-Tannaites; Faerber,

2 See Gittin 68 a,

Salzberger, op,

cii.

115

is

hardly justified in making
j

the Test present a later development of the ring legend than the Talmud, if that
is

what he means.
often

Josephus
passage

{Ant VIII 2

5)

presupposes

a

ring

of Solomon.
(Suppl.

The

published

from the great Paris magical papyrus

no doubt borrowed from Jewish, not Christian magicians. Dieterich believes the section cannot be earlier than the time of Eupolemus, and probably comes from the Essenes {Abraxas I42ff., Leid, pap, 78off.). In any case this papyrus, written in the III or IV cent. A. D., but embodying much older material, stands beside Josephus as a witness to the prominence of Solomon and
grec. 574) is

his ring in

magic during the
of the

earliest centuries

of the Christian

era.

No

satis-

a^^aytdoQ ijg eO-ero 2oXo/i(ov inl x^iv yXwaaccv tov ^IsQ^fxlov xal iXdXTjoev (ri. 3039 f.) has been advanced. Professor Deissman {Licht 187, n. 15, LAE 257, n. 10) thinks it may aUude to some legend connected with LXX Jer I 6 10. Is it. not more likely that the name Jeremiah is a mistake for some demon or dragon name that has been misread? In one of the phylacteria of the Bologna MS which contains the Test is the line l6ov S. vidg Aa^ld d^axovzoq yXoioaav sxo>v ^aCiXsQ)q iy>ce(pa)uv (cf. supra II, p. 24, n. 2). One can go no farther than to suggest the possibility of a connection. I can discover no Essenic material in the Test,
factory

explanation

clause

bQxltfa

as

xaxa

TTjq

unless indefinite prescriptions of "cleanness" can be supposed to be such (VI 10,

XIII

2).

3 See

my

article in yt. Palest, Or,

Soc, I

116— 121.

Jewish relationships.

65
in

contradictory

to

that which

became customary

Jewish and

Christian circles.

A
same
our

comparison of the

Test^ then,

with Jewish thought in the

field

confirms the statement which Dr. Kohler makes, that
is

document

pre-Talmudic 1.

It

is,

moreover, closer to the
If

Palestinian than to the
in

Babylonian Talmud 2.
it

Loewe

is

right

was Galilean, not Judean, rabbis who believed in demonology and magic 3, we have just the line of tradition we should expect in a Christian work, which would be connected with Palestine rather than Babylon, and with Galilee
his

contention that

rather than Judea.
e)

One
field

offshoot of Jewish magic remains to

be considered.
Texts

Perhaps the most interesting and valuable of recent publications
in

this

is

Montgomery's Aramaic
from a
series

Incantatioji

from

Nippur,

inscriptions

of magic bowls in rabbinic

Aramaic,

Syriac,

and families
A. D.

and Mandaic, intended to protect the houses of the clients, and dating from the sixth century
are
distinctly heathen,
all

Some

are decidedly eclectic,

mingling Babylonian, Jewish,
majority
'

and

Hellenistic elements,

but the
for Jews.

show Jewish influence and were prepared
left

Strangely enough, in view of the place of origin, Persian

demois

nology has
of the
to this

no

trace,

but "Egypto-Hellenistic magic
texts''^.

one

prime sources of our

How
great.

is

the

Test related

remarkable

series of incantations?
is

We find the same same trust in their efficacy®, and the same conception of demons as the causes of ills and diseases of all sorts. The sealing of demons is mentioned
In

many

respects the similarity

kind

of angel names

ending

in

-el^,

the

in

most of the

texts',

and Solomon's

seal

is

referred to in some^.

In a related text

Grunbaum found

the phrase "jinn of Solomon"^.

1 Cf. supra I 4.

and Perles {Bousset's ReL d. Jttd. 35 f.) comes nearer to the soberer views of the former, as is natural in a Christian work, which would not show direct 4 Op. cit. 115, cf. 116. Babylonian influence. 3 ERE IV 612 f. 5 Ibid. 96 ff,; see review by the writer, AJT XIX (191 5) 292 ff.
2

Grunbaum
to

{ZDMG XXXI

215)

call attention

the difference.

The

Test

6 8

Ibid. 56ff., III. Ibid.
9:

7 Cf. ibid.

127, 133, 165, 191, 231
Ibid. 80,

f.

170, 173, 232, 248.

9

r\vi-ym

«5*^a.

UNT.

McCown.

5

66

Hellenistic elements.

On
gician
is

the other

hand there are decided

differences.

The maPer-

not concerned with individual demons or angels.

names of demons are few; rather they are addressed as classes, "Demons and Devils and Satans and Liliths"^, while the angels, even more than in the Test, come ,to be mere charms, not pei'sonalities. The black art is personified, and ''the Curse' and the Vow, and Arts and Practices" are adjured 2. Certain; familiar names appear which the Test lacks; for example, Metatron^, Abraxas^, and Hermes ^ Rather more of plainly Hellenistic magic enters into the Aramaic texts; for example, Zeus and Okeanos*^. Heathen deities appear more distinctly: Sames, Sin, Bel, and Nirig"^. The charms are much more elaborate than any in the Test.
sonal
this hasty comparison it is evident that Montgomery's and ours belong to the same world, that of syncretistic Hellenism, but not to the same part of that world, nor to the same era. The Test comes from an earlier, or at least a less

From

texts

highly
as
it

developed stage

in

the history of magic,
of

and, strange
influence

may

appear,
if

shows- really less
its

Hellenistic

on

its

magic,

not on

demonology, than do the
relationships.

Semitic

texts.
7.

Hellenistic elements

and

No one

familiar

with the magic papyri can fail to identify the Test as a HelleUpon the basis of primitive Greek and Roman nistic work.

animism the popular mind had constructed by the time of the Empire a magic that borrowed from all the races, Babylonian, Persian, Indian, Jewish, and Egyptian, that had contriearly

buted to'

its

It is in this

civilization, and yet was thoroughly naturalized 8. world that the Test belongs.

1 /did. 225; cf. 68. 218.

Such summaries

are frequent

and long,

cf.

pp. 188

f.,

The magician wishes
2
Idid. 237, et passim. Ibid. Ibid.

to include all possible evil spirits.

S
cf.

Ibid. 207, cf. 98, 113.

4
6

148, 196, 232,

57.
7

5

Ibid.

147,

196, 207, cf.

123, 113.

197, cf. 113.

Ibid. 238, In a

heathen charm,

cf.

7of.
C.

8 Cf. art. "Demons and Evil Spirits (Greek)" in ERE TV Pearson and art. "Damonen u. Damonische" in Realenc. IV 408
with bibliographies.

590—4 by A.
by

— 19

Weiss, J.

Hellenistic elements.

6/

no doubt, the well known Greek female demon, although the manner of her birth can be paralleled from both Enepsigos is probably Hekate^. Greek and Jewish sources ^
Onoskelis
is

One demon
ginal

I

have

identified with

Lix T^trax, two of the

oriis

Ephesia grammata^ in part because, while the nanie
it

corrupted,

is in the

Test connected with a

Cretan tablet of the
section
is

fourth
as the

century B.

C.^.

wind as it is in a In any case the
fiskxdX*

Hellenistic,

charm ^ovXtala' d^aXaX'

shows; the
Christian

demon

also cures fever, a heathen, not a Jewish or
identified with Poseidon*.

idea.

Kynopegos may be
appears
in

Akephalos

Daemon

the magic papyri s.

The

idea of

was familiar to the Greek mind, for the" K^Qsg were the ancient Greek form of microbe ®. The similarity of views on this subject among men widely separated in time and place is illustrated by the fact that Plato, Apuleius, and the Talmud all agree in regarding demons as partly human,
demons
as the cause of disease

partly supernatural in their nature'.

the Test is not outwardly so different from magic papyri, and the writer was familiar with the praxis of the latter, as VI lO and XVIII show. But ovofiaxa ciarjfia rarely appear, and when they do they are an evidence that the section in which they occur has come from Hellenism; nor do the incantations and amulets have the elaborateness that characterizes them in the papyri. The angel, a messenger of
that of the

The magic of

God,

is

the agent of healing and protection.

No

black magic,

nor defixiones appear.

The
it

Test,

then,

differs

from the magic

papyri chiefly in that

is

the work of a Christian using heathen

1 C. IV. Cf. Roscher, Lexicon^
Gruppe,
Gr. Myth.

s.

v.

^Ovoasieliq'f J. HaiTison, Proleg,

202 f.;

H46;, supra VI i, ^^I 6 b. 2 She is a moon goddess, called yLVQimvvpiOQ,-, and lias three forms. 3 Ziebarth in NGG 1899, 131, Wiinsch, Rh, Mus. LV (1900) 73fF. The writer is preparing an article in defense of this identification. 4 C. XVI. 5 Lond. P 46 145 ff., Gr. Pap. Br. Mus. I 695.; Deissmann^ Licht 194, LAE 139, Of course the headless ghost is an international figure (cf. Washington living's Legend of Sleepy Hollow)^ but allusions to fire and lightning in both accounts make the identification certain. 6 Hamson, Froleg. i63flF., Bouche-Leclerq, Asirol, Gr, 24 n. i. Cf. supra VII 6. 7 Sympos, 202 e; Apuleius de Soer. XIII.
1306

and

n.

17,

769;

Lucian

-ver,

hist.

5"

68
materials

Christian elements and relationships.

rather

than that of
in the

a""

heathen working on Jewish

or

Christian matter.

The passages
show
limits

papyri which mention Solomon merely
a

that his fame as

magician was spreading beyond the

of Judaism and

Christianity K

One

is

inclined to think
is

that

some legend of Solomon's dealing with demons

back

of

the line that speaks of Solomon's laying his seal on the tongue

of Jeremiah-.
8.

Christian elements

and

relationships,

a)

Relation to the
Christ

New

Testament.

The thought

of our

text regarding

has already been sufficiently discussed 3.
is

As

to

demonology the New Testament

not sufficiently dein the

tailed to

permit a comparison of individual figures except

Testament character, so far as our knowledge goes, and who has been fully adopted into our text*. In general it is quite evident that Paul and the writers of the Synoptic Gospels believed in demonic activities!
is

case of Beelzebul,

who

a purely

New

such as are described
point that Christ's
is

in

the Test^.

the only

They name to

differ in

the essentia?

use in exorcism, and,

according to Luke,
Christians^;
all

New
in

it could safely be invoked only by real magic books were to be burned'. Testament language has been adopted by our writer

the phrases orotxsTa xoOfioxQaroQsg tov oxotovc, applied

to

the

seven

spirits

of evil 8,

or aroiXEia

ol

xoOfioxgaroQeg tov
decani^,

Oxorovg {tov alcovog) tovtov applied to the thirty-six

and

dgxccl xal s§ov6lcu xal dvvafiBtq as

designations of angelic

beings i**.
derable

and discussed a consinumber of words and phrases common to our text and
collected

Dr. Conybeare has

1 Par

MP

850, 853, 3040,
184,

p.

2 Cf. Deissmann, opp. citt. 3 Cf. supra V 7, 64, n. 2.

252,

Dieterich,

4

Cf. supra

VI

i

5 Dibelius, Geisterwelty 37 114. 6 Mk IX 38fF.; Lk IX ^^U Ac XIX 13—17.
7

Abraxas 139; cf. supra and p. 44, 'n. 7.

Ac \IX

19.
2,

9 C. XVIII

8 C. VIII 2. combining Gal IV
I 21;

3, 9;

Col

II 8,

20 with
12.

Eph VI

12.

MS P

omits xov alwvog as do the best witnesses in

Eph VI
and
I

10

C.

XX

15,

Eph.

Col

I 16; II 15

Pt III 22 are combined; but

MS

P, putting xoa^oscQdroQsq for dwdf/.ecg has the order of

Eph VI

12.

Christian relationships.

69

the

New Testament

1.

He comes

to the conclusion, with

which

we must on the whole agree, that the similarity of phrase is due to common environment. "Paul merely glances at a system
of belief

which the Testament

sets before us in lengthy detail"

^i

But the environment of our writer includes the Not as if he had first hand acquaintance with

New
it.

Testament.

That

is

ex-

cluded by those passages which deal with its incidents or ideas. When he describes the "Gadarene" demon, Leontophoron, he
refers

only to

the outstanding features of the story which any
it

one would
in

remember who had heard

read or told

^.

Likewise

mentioning Jesus he alludes only to characteristic features of

Christian doctrine

which would impress themselves on a hearer

who was
stone,
after the

dsiaidatfiovsarsQog.
it
I

The

story of the rejected cornerIs

combining as

does Ps CXVIII 22 and
II

XXVIII

16

manner of

Pt

6fJ, but referring

them

to an actual
side.

stone,

reads like

anti- Christian

polemic from the Jewish

I Certainly our writer

cation

was not familiar with the Christian of these verses, if he was a Christian.
is

appli-

After weighing the evidence one
that

driven to the conclusion

had the same relation to the New Testament that we have found him sustaining to the Old Testament and the apocryphal literature. All this constitutes part of the background of his thinking, and he had a superficial knowledge of it derived from hearing it read in the Sabbath worship, or mentioned in sermons and discussions; an occasional phrase
the author of the
Test
or quotation better
sticks in his mind,

or he
is

may borrow from

other

instructed magicians; but he

not working with copies

He composes freely without knowledge with an absence of literary dependence rather than a very early date which makes the Test at once like and unlike the New Testament^.
of any of this literature before him..
literary

trammels.

It

is

auricular

p.

XI 5 f. 2 Idid. 6, 3 t. IX; cf. supra VI 7, p. 50. XXII 7f., XXIII 2—4. Cf. Mt XXI 42 and parallels; see above VII 6if., also IX 2 and n. 16, p. 102. 5 Cf. Conybeare, yQIi XI 10; "The allusion [to the miracle of Gadara]
1 ygj?
C.

4

6,

is

not of such a kind as to involve our Gospel text in
reflects

its

present form, but rather

the oral tradition

which went before

it."

yO

Gnosticism.

b) Relation to the early Church.
tians

would such a work as the

Test appeal?

To what class of Chris^One would ex-

much Gnostic material in such a work, especially, view of the fact that so many so-called "Gnostic amulets" have been preserved, many of them coupling the name of Solopect to find
in

with Abraxas and similar words of powers In fact, Dr.: Conybeare concludes, "It is probable .... that the Testament was the favourite book of the Ophiani, or of some analogous sect which combined a belief in Emmanuel with a mass ofpreexistent Jewish superstitions"
2.

mon

With

this

we cannot
it.

agree.
this

The passage on which
judgment appears
are,

Dr. Conybeare seems to base
contradict

to

ruling demons, faith
to

me directly to in whom Origen

The

seven

ascribed to the Ophiani 3,

be

sure,

just the sort of beings in

the Test believes.

which the author of But these seven, which with the "mother"
in

play so important a part
planets.
to

Gnosticism 4, are certainly the seven
is

In the

Test the only group of seven which appears
5;
*^,

be identified with the Pleiades
of the

they have none of the chanor
is

racteristics

Gnostic seven

is

there any "mother"
in

mentioned
Gnosticism.

with
as

them.
in

Sophia

personified

Proverbs

and Wisdom

the

Test long before her appropriation by

The

prohibition of the invocation of angels'

names "um

irgend

eine Sache" in the Second

Book of Jen

'

is

a direct attack upon

such practices as the Test sought to further. nation of heathen magic and astrology appears
1 In the British

A similar condemin Pistis Sophia^,

Museum

is

a bronze nail with the inscription,

ABARAXAS.

ASTRAEL lAO SABAO
Cat,

H. B. Wallers, of the Bronzes in the Br, Mtis., Gi'eek^ Roman, and Etruscan^ p. 370, No. 3194. Henzen, Bull, d, Inst, di Corr. Arch. 1S49 ?• n cites from a magic nail the inscription, AO SABAO SOLOMONO. Wessely, Eph. Gram. 22, 202, cites im 2 Op. dt. 14. aoXo^(i>v oapao from Montfaucon Tad. 164.
cf.

(drawing of a serpent)

SOLOMONO;

3 Contra 4
op.
cit.

Cels.

VI

30, Conybeare,
c.
I,

JQR
pp.

XI

13.

Cf. Bousset, Hauptprobl.

9-58.
as

5 So Bousset, op, clt, 21 n. 2, decides; 24 n. 2, though suggesting the planets
Cf. Bousset, op.
cit.

does also Conybeare himself,

as an alternative.

6

27.

7

Schmidt, K~Gn. Schriften, 305, 30 f.

8 Ibid. pp. 15

— 18,

167.

1

Ethiopian connections.

7

but,

as Dieterich

pointed out, the Gnostic insisted he had the
it

:

was this that gave Gnostic one of the striking facts that, outside the chapter on the about the original Test is thirty-six decani (XVIII), which, as we have seen, is of Egyptian origin 2, it contains practically none of the names which are
key to the true science 1, and amulets such tremendous vogue.

Now

v;

commonly found on Gnostic amulets, or are regarded as characteristic of Gnosticism; such names as Abraxas and laldaboth.
The
distinctly Gnostic elements

belong to sections which have
3.

been assigned on other grounds to the later recensions

The one piece of cosmic mysticism occurring
the the
c.

in the

Test,

directions

for

seeing
sun"^,

"the

heavenly

dragons

dragging

chariot

of the

presents a conti'ast to Pistis Sophia
gi'eat

136,

which describes the sun as a
his

dragon with his
in the list of the in part really of

tail

in

mouth ^.
for

The words and phrases

%deccmi^ which
Gnostic
origin;

have a Gnostic sound
example,
lai'

may be

leco*

viol JJa^acod-'^,

xalXtov

ken Soloiimv Evdexa jtaraQcov^^ lov6a ^iC^a^ov^. Some, perhaps all, are borrowed by Gnosticism and the Test from the same '•sources, Judaism, heathenism, and Christianity 1^. None of the characteristic features of the Gnostic systems, such as dualism, emanations, syzygies, and mystic names being found in the Test, and there being so few allusions of any kind to Gnostic language, the conclusion must be that our text has not come
under Gnostic influence.

One story in the From Ethiopia comes

Test

brings

it

into touch with Ethiopia.
fall

a

story of Solomon's
In the

M'hich closely

parallels that in the Test.

Talmud

it

is

Asmodaeus who
In this Ethio-

temporarily deposes the King
pian
to

by

seizing his ring.

legend Pharaoh's

daughter seduces him.

worship her idols; he refuses.

he promises on oath that he will
1 Abraxas, 151
Cf. infra

She urges him She entices him until finally do whatever she wishes. Then

f. and n. 2. 2 Cf. supra VII 5. VII 11 and 12. 4 C. VI 19. 5 Schmidt, K-Gn. Schriften 233 i8f. G C. XVIII. 1 Ibid. § 16. 9 Ibid. § 21. 8 Ibid, § 18, P only. 10 E. g., Sa^(x(bS; 'A6o)vat; cf. § 17.

3

72

Ethiopian connections.

she

ties

a thread across the middle of the door of the temple
is,

of her gods (that
locusts,

across the door half

way

up),

brings three

sets

them

in the

temple of her gods, and says to him,

"Come
kill

to

me

stooping so as not to break the woolen thread,

these locusts before me,

and twist
to

their necks."
I

When

he

complies,

she says to him, "From
hast

now on

will

do thy

will,'^

made offering them." The writer, moved by
since thou
in in

gods and hast prayed to the same apologetic tendency as the Test, explains that he acted thus on account of his oath order that he might not perjure himself, although he knew
it

my

-

that

was a

sin to enter the idol

temple ^
in the

The

parallels

between

this

legend and that

Test are

too striking to be overlooked.

Furthermore, Ethiopic magic and
like

demonology

as a whole are
is

much

those of the Test.

"\''ery

great importance

attached in (Ethiopic) magic spells to the
in

knowledge of names and the power resident
this

them; and
Christian,

in

potent element of the magician's art Jewish,

and

pagan ideas curiously meet ....

In Abyssinia, Biblical

sacred

names, together with a large number of fanciful appellations

much resembling
and
lets
all

those in the Jewish Kabbala, were magically*
off the

pronounced for the purpose of warding
kinds of diseases"
2.

power of demons

The

use of slips of paper as amu-

to

be
the

tied

to the

person or walP^ the prominence of Mi-

chael,

use of angelic names against demons and diseases*,

the

Werzelya ^ and the power of Solomon over demons almost make the impression that it is the Test which Margoliouth
lilith-like

is

describing

Ethiopic

6. Remembering also the similarity of the Enoch one might be led to the conclusion

7>^/ and that the

1 Prof. Dr. Carl BezoJd,

Kebra Nagast, Die Herrllchkelt der Xonige, nach
J^aris^
c.

den

HSS.

in Berlin,
k'dnigl.

London^ Oxford, and
bayer.

64,
i

in Abh. der philos-pliiloU

Klasse

der

Ak.

d.

JViss.

23. Bd.,

Abt.,

Miinchen 1905,
cf.

6of.

Salzberger,

Salomosa^e 96,

says the

same

story

is

found in Kisa^i;

infra

§

9, p.

80.

2 G. Margoliouth, "The Use of Charms and Amulets in Ethiopia,"

ExT

XXI

3 Ibid. 404. Cf. Test XVIII 22—42. 4 Loc. ciL 9 (June 1910) 403. 5 Montgomery [AITN i^ii^ gives several parallels to the story of Christ's meeting with it lilith. In Canaan Aberglaube 27 f. the story in told of Solomon.
> Op.
cit.

405.

Christian relationships.

73

Test

church received

must have come from the land fi'om which the Ethiopic its legends, that is, from Egypt.
much,
it

Lest one should infer too
legends
parts

is

to

be noted that

similar

to

those in our text ate to be found in other
Dr. Conybeare has discovered a

of the Christian world.
to

parallel

the story of the corner stone which
lift
^

human agency

could

not

in life

of St. Nino, the mother of the Georgian
life

church 2.

In

the

Georgian
is

of the saint and the Armenian

history of the

Georgians

a story of a cedar column, the seventh
first

and

last

necessary to the erection of the

church in the
all

newly converted kingdom, which the king and
of the hosts of evil

his

people

were unable to move, but which, in the early morning, after the
defeat

by

St.

Nino's prayers,
it^.

is

moved by

invisible

hands

to the

base prepared for

In Rufinus' Eccle-

siastical History
their

the

same story
is

is

told

of the "Iberians" and
pillar

king,

but the miracle
its

heightened by leaving the

suspended above
last legend,

base^.

One might
is

think of a combination
aerial

of the stories of the corner stone

and the

column

in this

but the connection
"I

very tenuous.

Dr. James writes to me:

would add two more references

to your bit of testimonia. In the Syriac Obsequies of the Virgin,

Wright, Contributions
1865, p. 42,
is

to

the

the story of the old
it


the
in

Apocryphal Literature of the NT, man and his son [Test XX]
but unmistakably
(see p. 12).

the end of

only,

and

in different guise,
fifth

same

tale.

It is

from a

century

MS
I

Also

a tract called Inventiones

Nominum which

printed in Journal

of Theological Studies^ 1903, p. 224, § 27, is, 'Tres sunt Orniae Tercius est Omias princeps demoniorum.' In one this

MS

is

emended
I

to

'Ornias
7;.

princeps Lacedaemoniorum' in allusion to
I feel

Mace. XII

but

sure

it

is

an emendation.
to

It is inter-

esting to find

an allusion from

in Latin."

Returning
Christian
1

these
life

excursions

outlying

fields

of

thought and
XXII
7,

we

find every reason for believing
29, 1899, 442.

Test

XXIII.
(1908)

2 Guardian, Mar.

3 Stud.
Conybeare.

Bibl,

V

38—41, and 83 f.,
;

edited

The accounts

are full of wild stories of

by Miss Wai-drop and Dr. demons and exorcisms.

4

Ibid, 60, Eccl. hist. I x

Migne,

PL XXI

482.

JA

Christian relationships.

that the Test belongs in the ordinary current of Christian faith

and
in

practice.

From

Paul on down the church fathers believed
i.

and the dangerous powers of demons heraus, von der Hilflosigkeit und "Aus dem tiefsten niedergedriickten Stimmung, wie dieser Glaube sie erzeugt hatte, eine Rettung gefunden zu haben, schreibt ein Christ des II. Jahrh. (Clemens Alex., Theodoti Exc. 71, 72) die Worte: 'Verschieden^ artig sind die Gestirne und ihre Krafte, heilsame, schadliche, rechte, linke .... Von diesem Widerstreit und Kampf der Krafte rettet uns der Herr und gibt uns Frieden vor dem Kampfe der Krafte und der Engel, den die einen fur, die anderen wider uns fuhren'"2. Origen also seems to believe fully in the "powerful names" known by "the Egyptians, or by the Magi among the Persians, or by the Indian philosophers called Brahmans," as he does in the power of the name of God and of Jesus and of angel names ^. That Christians practise sorcery or exorcism by demonic names he indignantly denies; it is the name of Jesus which drives out demons. Jesus has freed the Christian from all superstitious fears 4.
the real existence
Gefiihl
If

such was the case with the leaders in the Christian

church,

how can we expect

that the rank

and

file

of their

fol-

lowers should fully grasp and consistently apply the one great

which Christian magic differed from heathen, that Christ's was the sole name of power to use for all purposes of healing and protection? The newly converted idolater cannot at once rise to the full heights of Christian spirituality^- The
idea
in

ancient

church replaced the heathen deities with the
Cf.

crucifix

1

von Dobschiitz,

ERE

III

413—30,
ibid^

art.

"Charms

and

Amulets

(Christian)," very strangely

H. L. Pass,

Spirits (Christian)" treats only of angels,

IV 578 83, art. "Demons and Evil but see now VIII 277 f., art. "Magic."

See also Heitmiiller, 3 Contra Cels.

Im Namen
1 24f.
cf.

Jesu^ 291

V

45.

5. 2 Wendland, Kultur 81. ovrwq oh xa oi]fiaiv6fieva xata twv

n^ayfidziov akX\ai xcbv (pcovwv TtoiozrjTeg xal c6i6ti]Z£q sxovoi xi Svvatdv iv Com. II 76. 4 Ibid. VIII 57 f. avTaig n^bq t&Se xivk rj x&Sa. I 25 20, 5 Experience as a missionary in India has vividly impressed upon the

KV

writer's
its

mind

the

difficulties

point of view.

which converts to Christianity have in acquiring But modern western Christianity is not without illustrations

of the same problem.

Relation to patristic thought.

75

and the images of the saints and madonna, and the old abradacadabra with angel names K At a very early time on Christian amulets the Lord's Prayer, verses from the Psalms, and
other familiar passages replaced the heathen
tations
2.

myths and incanSimilarly the writer of the Test is making a brave,
(i.

though but partially successful, attempt to put Christian
Jewish and Christian) ideas in the place of heathen.

e,,

This whole

movement is most illuminatingly set forth in an excerpt quoted by F. C. Burkitt from the Syriac homily De magis, incantoribus,
which "the writer complains that his fellow-ChrisHe tians, even the clergy, resorted to Magicians and Jews. says (col. 395): 'Instead of the blessings of the Saints, lo, they
et divinis,

in

carry
the

about the incantations of the magicians, and instead of
lo,

holy cross,
it

they carry the books of devils ....

One
child,

carries

on

his head,

and another round
all,

his neck,

who knows nothing
(to

at

carries

about

devils'

and a names and comes

in

Polluted and abominable priests take refuge names of demons... "^ Magic grew in power in the church, especially from the fourth century on, and was officially recognized in the sixth and seventh"*. Our text is a document of

church)

the

this

progressive paganizing of

official Christianity

rather than

the product of
c)

some obscure

heretical sect.

Relation to

mediaeval Christianity.
is

•— That the

2'^est

belongs to orthodox Christianity
the European world.

further demonstrated

when
it

one turns to study the preservation of the ideas for which
stands
to

in

Illustrations are too

numerous

The Queen of Sheba will serve as one. Kraus has collected many references of Byzantine writers to the fabled queen, which show that in using her the lest was followpresent in detail.
ing,

or inaugurating, Christian tradition
1 Cf. Heitmiiller,

«.

Im Namen
24,

Jesu^ 252
167, 297,

f.

2 Cf. Deissmann, Licht^

LAE

39, 232, 415!?.

3 In PSBA XXIII (1901) 77 f. The homily is "ascribed in MSS to S. Ephraim and edited as his by Lamy (vol. II, col. 393 426), but ... in my opinion is more likely to be the work of Isaac of Antioch {circ, 450 A. D.)"

4
cf.

Cf.

von Dobschutz,

ERE

III 414.

5 "Die Konigin von Saba in den byz. Chroniken,"
Nestle,

BZ

XI (1902)

l2off.;

BZ

XIII (1904) 492 f.

;

76

Relation to mediaeval thought.

As
like

to

Solomon there was

in the

of opinion the

among

Christian writers.

beginning some difference Early anti-Jewish polemics,
*,

Dialogue of Tijnotky and Aquila, for example Solomon used to offset the claims of Jesus. Not only did
Jewish opponents apply
son of David, but they

find
their

claim that he had anticipated and excelled Jesus in his power over demons, thus undermining the Christian argument that Jesus was the Messiah because he had broken the power of Satan, and weakening the Christian appeal to a world that was languishing under the oppressive fear of demonic activities. To offset this Jewish claim these
Christian writers bitterly attacked the

many a made the

Messianic passage to the wise

memory
his

of the wise king,

maintaining that his was only a temporary victory over the

demons, who overcame him at the end of
Constantinople argues at
manifest in

life.

Leontius of

some length that Christ's greatness is Ms power over demons while iie was here on earth.

In the midst of his description of the cure of the Gadarene de-

moniac he abruptly turns the request of the "Legion" to enter the swine to account in this fashion: Hivi sIjcsv Xsyacop rmv
6atfj,6v(X)v'

El ex/9G2^e

^/M«ej

ejclOTQEXpov ri^lv slg xriv

aysZrjv

xa>v %oIq€ov siOsXd-slv; SoXofiSprc,
rj

rw ra

IsQoOoXvfia xxioavrt^
X^^Q^ ^aCxaC^ovxt]

T^

AsCjtox'^

XqlOxw, xw xa OvfiJtavxa sp ty
ot g)t2.o6alfiovsg 'lovdaZor

'AX?! BQovOtv

svMcog

Tl ovv; 6 Uolo-

(imv ovx edsOJioxevOs
CvvsxXstOEv;

xSv

dccifiovcov; ov)(l

Jtavxaq v<p

sv (bq %va

ov](l /iSXQt

x^g a^fisgov xovxov dsdoiTcaOcv; 'AD^ m
fzaxrjv

%v6aZoL fiayyavodaifioveg,
AsCJioxriq

ravxa jcgo^alXeod-B'

fiovog yccQ

XQtOTog xQaxaicog xov icxvQov sdrjOs, xal xa
dtriQjtaOE.

0XEV7]

avxov

^oXoficov ydg, ov ^ovov ovx

sdiajiocis

xmv

datiiovcov ^aoiXixcog, dX2.a xal vjt

avxmv

ideOJcoxEvd-r] JtQog

xa xeXi] xaxag)d'aQslg. dyaJci^Oag yag xov x^g JtoXvyafilag BQcoxa, x^ xov dia^oXov iiaaxQOJtoxrjxt dsXeaa&slg, .... £QQv:n:a)as xov Umg ovv 6acfi6vcov 6£0jr6xtjg, x^g d^Eoyvcodiag d-aXa^ov

xmv

datiiovcov dovlog]"^
1 Cf. infra
p.
1031'.

2 From the homily In mediant Pentecostem^ Migne,
cording
bacher,
to

PG

86, col.

19S0; Ac-

Loofs,
p.

Das Leben

usw. des Leant,

v.

Byz.^

summarized by Krumlived

BLg

S4f,, this Leontius

was a Constantinopolitan presbyter who

Relation to mediaeval thought.

77

Similarly
to the

in

the Disputatio

of Pseud o-Gregentius, in reply
that

claim of

Herban the Jew
replies:

Solomon had ruled

all

the

demons the archbishop

^oXoyimv erajrslvmas daifiovag,
xaxixmdBv-

ovx oldaq ri dcayoQsveig,

JtQog xaiQOV ^ev rjOtpallGato rovrovg

h

TOtg dyyBiotg xal
fiot 'Oxojtst,

C^Qayl<jag

aXXa

ys to rrjVt-

xavrd

ore vrjrcog xaTajcoZsfirjd-eig vjt
CcoxriQiav

avrwp

rcov
cog

6aiiz6v(ov xal
fj

^rT9]d'slg Jtsgl

avtov sxivdvvsvcsv,

yQag)7j

(laQxvQu^,
original

The

Test shows no suspicion of a conflict of claims
c.

between Solomon and Christ, but in

XV

10—12 Rec. B (MS

P)

attempts to combine the Jewish and Christian viewpoints.
to

As

the glorious king's sad end, these early fathers think of

as falling

a prey to

him the demons through the seduction of women,
writers,
like Josefall

or vice versa.

But the majority of Christian
his

phus 2

ascribe

into

idolatry

to

his
3.

love

for

women

The Test in one view^ but in the closing chapter apparently the latter. Here again our text shows its early date. The conception of Solomon as a great magician who was powerful over demons and disease is witnessed to by scores of amulets and incantations, and especially by such books as the
without the interposition of demonic agency
place takes the former

Clavicula

^.

Many

of the

demons of the Test
etc.,

lived on.

Asmo(1899)

about 485^—542.

Cf. Gelzer, Leant, v. Byz.,

and

Hist. Ztschr.

LXI

1—32, Fabricius, Bib. Grace, VIII sigff.
1 Migne, FG 86, col. 644 A. Gregentius was bishop of the Homerite church in Taphar in southern Arabia in the early part of the sixth cent. The
Disputatio
is

not authentic, but

may
59,

contain historical materials.

Cf.

Smith and

Wace,

DCS, Krumbacher, BLg
XVIII
43,

ayyela makes
cf.

Bardenhewer, Patrol. 477. The mention of connection between the Arabic type of tradition and the Test\

XV 9,

XXV
B
s; cf.

7,

-where the

word

is

where Recs.

A

and

both should probably have
I

2 Ant

Vm 7

found only in MS P, and XVX 7, it, though A reads wvXaz^iv.

Kg XI

43.

3 Georgius Syncellus, P 181, V 145, B 341; Georgius Hamart, Chron. 1143 (Migne PG no, 252—64); Glycas, Ann., Migne PG 158 353f.; Joseph. Hypomn, 74, (Migne PG 106 89 D). 4 C. VIII 8, 10.
large

5 Solomonic amulets can be found in many museums as well as in a number of mediaeval MSS. They occur in Syriac, Arabic, and Hebrew, and in Latin, Greek, and modem European languages; c. g., Sachau, Verz. Syr. HSS. Berlin I 367, No. ion, f. 54b: Sol. on horseback attacking Asmodaeus-

78

Christian relations.

daeus goes through
the

many
in

transformations ^

Obyzut appears

in

Abyzu

of Pradel's

Griechische

und

suditalienische

Gebete,

while Ornias

appears
right in

Migne were
effort

same documents 2. bringing the Test and Psellus
the

Gaulmin and
together.
is

The

great Byzantine's ^bqI evsQyelag dat^ovcov dtaXoyoq

but the

of a

master mind to systematizise the ideas which the

Withal, this whole complex of Byzantine demonoiogy and magic makes the impression of being a more
Test merely registers.

highly developed form of the conceptions with which our text
is

operating.

The

roots of the tree run back to the Sumerians,

the Babylonians, the Iranians, and the Pelasgians, the Test stands
for the blossom, Psellus gives us the ripened fruit dissected

and

analyzed.

Arabic literature, since and Solomonic myth, invites particular comparison with the Test In general Arabian beliefs and practices in the field of demonoiogy and magic are not essentially different from those of our text except in one feature which Islam inherited from heathenism, the idea of the Jinn,
9.
it

Relation to Arabian folklore.

is

especially rich in

demon

lore

Schwab, Diet. 421, ^^^^PATI'S
a cheval, per^ant de sa lance

&EOY;

sur une hematite figurant
terrasse, avec la

un Salomon
late

un ennemi

legende

20A£iMSiNj
malocc/iio,

au Cabinet des Medailles
Prof. Nestle wrote

et

Antiques de

la

Bibliotheque Nat. II 3039". The

me

of a Sol. on horseback as an amulet against

published by Bienkowski in Eranos Vindobonensis^ 1893, 288. Amulets in are well illustrated by those in cod. Bonon. unin). 3632, cf. supra p. 24.

MSS
Of.

Heim "Incantamenta

— 576,
IV

in Rev. des

Nos. 56 169, 61, 62, 236, 237, and Sorlin Dorigny, "Sal. als Reiter," Etudes Grecs IV (1891) 217 296. The pilgrim of Bordeaux in the

=

magica," in Jbb, fur

class, Philol.

Sup,

XIX

(

1

893) pp.463

was shown the "crypta ubi S. daemones torquebat," Schiirer GJV III 418, from Tobler, PalaesL descript. (1869) 3, Pal. Pil. Text Soc, Bordeaux Dr. Conybeare drew my attention to Gannurini's ed. of St. Silvia's Filg. 20. Perigrinaiio (IV cent.), according to which the ring was kept in the Church of The tradition was that Vespasian took it to St. James (p. 96 and 95 n. 2).
cent,

,

Rome, whence Constantine returned
locis

it

Sanctis,

ibid.

117;

see Pal. Pil.
125.
,

{ibid. 96 Text Soc,

n. 3),

cf.

Petri diaconi liber de
|

The Pilgrimage of

S.

SiHia

to

the

Holy
1

Places, 64

and
,

As Markolf
njon Sal.

Morolf
u.

Kitovras,
I; J.

Dichtungen
Sol.

Markolf
v.

S aturn cf Fr. Vogt, Die deutschen M. Kemble, The Anglo-Saxon Dialogue of
;

,

and Saturn.
2 Cf. Index
i, s.

''Damonen," and Reitzenstein, Poivi. 297 ff.

^

Relation to Arabian folklore.

79
*.

which are often kindly and beneficent creatures

In our writer's

mind there is properly no place for any good among demons, although he is once or twice betrayed by his pagan materials The wild exuberance of into referring to their healing powers'.

Arab fancy as we see
another

it

in the

Thousand and One Nights

is

mark of differentiation. The Quran and even more the Arabian Nights have made
familiar

all

the world

with Solomon-'s authority over the Jinn

and with the

latter's terrible

forms and powers.

In the

Quran

are allusions to the fallen angels, Harut andMarut^; and to the devils who were subject to Solomon, some as builders, and others bound in fetters 3. In the Nights we find full accounts of how Solomon placed rebellious Jinn in bottles, or in cucurbites of copper, poured lead over them, and sealed them with his ring^, with tales of their later escape from these prisons According to the Quran the Jinn are not allowed to listen
at the

gates of heaven, but
for

God has placed
throw at them

the stars there as
if

weapons
attempt.

the

angels

to

they mak-e the
for the

In the Nights the Jinniyah

Maymunah "made
till

firmament, thinking to listen
angels,"

by

stealth to the converse of the

and when she ascended "skywards
there before her
6.

she drew near

the heaven of the world, the lowest of the heavens," she found

an

Ifrit

In another story "Allah suffered his
Ifrit

angelic

host

to

shoot down the

with a shooting star I

1 Cf. Wellhausen's account of primitive Arabic beliefs, Reste 148

— 67,
I

and
f.,

Canaan, Aberglaube 6—27, for modern demonology; also Encycl, of Islam^ art. "Djinn," by D. B. Macdonald.

1045

2 Sura Il97£F.,
substantially
as

SBE VI

(Quran

I)

14;
c.

Sale

ad

loc.

quotes

the

legend

told

in Midrash Valkut

44,

see St. Clair-Tisdall

Sources of Islam^ 30f.,
in her activities.

and Weil,

Bibl. Leg, 2o8ff.

and Muir, Zohra resembles Shunamite

3-Sura XXXVIII

IX

(II)

35fF., SBE IX (II) 179, cf. Sale, ad loc.\ XXVII 7, SBE 4 Lane-Poole III iiof., Burton VI 84, Nights 566f. 5 Burton VI 85. The most famous is that of the "Fisherman and the

loi.

Jinn," Burton I 38;

cf.

MacDonald's transcription from Galland's

MS
III

in Or.

Stud. Tk. Noldeke gewidmet, also separately published.

6 Burton

223 f.
(II)

7 Burton, I 224,

Night 22;

cf.

Quran, Sura

i68; III 31, ibid,
ibid.

305;

VI Burton VI

(I)

50 and n. 2;

LXVII

5,

ibid,

XXXVII 6—9, SBE IX IX (II) 293; LXXII

8f.,

100,

Night 571, VIII 293, Night 870.

8o

Relation to Arabian folklore.

The

likeness

and unlikeness of the conceptions
s

in

the Test are

apparent.

Salzberger

dissertation

on the Salomosage^ although

it

does
le-

not reach the

fall

of the king, presents a rich collection of

gends, particularly with regard to his relations to the demons.

He

gathers

them under

four rubrics,

the punishment of the

demons,

appearance before Solomon, the description of certain individuals, especially Sahr, and Solomon's ring^ Two
their

descriptions
shalled
Kisa'i.

of the appearance

of the devils as they are mar-

before the king are given from three Berlin'

MSS

of

The

portrayal

of demonic forms as given "nach dem

korrecteren und vollstandigeren Text der dritten Berliner Hand-

would seem most strikingly like that in the Testy were it not that the other two MSS give in a longer and shorter form descriptions which are still more similar ^. Solomon inquires from the demons, just as in the Testy what their activischrift des Kisa'i"
^

ties are,

and, having learned, chains them so they may injure mankind no more. The ring, as in the Test, is brought down from heaven, and by its aid Solomon becomes master of the demons.
Yet, with
differences
all

these close resemblances, there are also great

between the Test and the Arabic legends. All the Jewish stories of Solomon's glory and wisdom, his wonderful ring, the building of the Temple by the aid of the demons, and his
dealings with the queen of

Sheba have grown marvellously under

the fructifying fancy of the Arabs.' Beside the marvels of the

Quran and
the Test
is

its

commentaries, and especially the Arabian Nights

and tame^. Most of the features in which we legend to have evolved beyond the Test are to be found Jewish
dull

found in

still

more highly developed form among
is

the Arabs;

for

example, Solomon's power oyer the animals
98f.,

greatly extended*;

1 (i) op.

cit.

irsff.;
f.

(2)

99—112;

(3)

112-115;-

(4)

115—29which most

2

Ibid. 99,

Mg.

40,

72 b.

3 Ibid. 105 ff.; Pm. 627, f. i6oaf. gives the longer form, resembles the Test; Spr. 86, f. 226 a fF. the shorter.

4

Cf., for

example, Lane-Poole, III 51

f.,

uof., 239, 317, 329, 454.
16,

5 In the Quran he knows the language of the birds; Sura XXVII

SBE IX

(II)

100.

1

Relation to Arabian folklore.

8
Iblis,
is

Sahr

is

the Talmudic

Asmodaeus, but worse;

the devil,
not, like

whose refusal to worship
Beelzebul in the
farther that
in in

Adam

leads to his fall^

Test,

subject to Solomon,

but carries a step

independence and insolence which Asmodaeus shows
fall

the Jewish legends; the king's
the

has quite a different aspect

Quran

2

The
in

ring also, as Salzberger shows, develops a
it

new character
Test,

Arabic legend different from that which
the
lines
it
3.

has in the

evolving along

suggested by the Talmudic story of
Kisa'i
is

Asmodaeus'
It
is

theft of

the

first

to describe
it

it

fully*

so

glorious that no one can look at
creed,
is

without repeating

and has four considerable legends engraved brought by Gabriel, or of itself comes throne of God and appears upon Solomon's hand. from the
the

Moslem
it
^.

upon

It

either

Solomon's

fall

according to Kisa'i was due to conscious or
if I

unconscious idolworship, which,

understand Salzberger, was
This tradition, then,

connected with the sacrifice of locusts ^
other with Arabia.

connects the Test on the one hand with Ethiopia, and on the
Since Ethiopia was closely connected with
history,

Arabia
bylon,

in

Christian

Palestinian Jewish
nor,

tradition

so

far

as

I

we have probably to think of a which never found its way to Baknow, into official Palestinian Jewish

literature,

but passed by

Arabia into Ethiopian and
from Palestinan

way of the Jewish colonies in southern Mohammedan legend, and directly Judaism into our Christian work, for we cannot
This being
is

suppose that the Test arose in Arabia.
the links that

so,

one of

would connect our text with Egypt

broken.

sufficient to illustrate both the likeness and the unlikeness of the Test to Arabic literature. They show how Arabic legend, where it resembles ourworkj has developed its

These examples are

1 Sura II 33
75fF., ibid,

f.;

VII

igff.;

XV
IX IX

3off.;
(II)
8,

XVII 63 f.; XVIII
20,

47ff.;

X^XVUt

VI

(I)

5,

i38f., 246f.,
ibid,

181.

178 and n. 2. from Mq. 40 f. 70b 72b, 6 In the Nights an oath by the names on Solomon's ring powerful, Burton III 224f., Night 177; cf. VII 317 n. 6 O.p. cit, 96; refers to Pm. 627, f. 151b 155a. UNT. 9: M-cCown. 6
(II)

2 Sura XXXVIII 33 f., 3 Salomosage 115— 9.

4

Ibid.^

is

peculiarly-

82

Unique matter

in Recensions

A

and B.
in

ideas farther and in a different manner,
ticulars
it

and how

many

par-

rests

upon the
in

sort

of Jewish tradition seen in the

Talmud.
10.

Unique matter
for

Recension A.

Having studied

the

material relationships of the Test as a whole

the

same task

the individual
it

we now undertake recensions. As Rec. A is
calls for

nearest the original,
Its

has

little

matter that

comment
alone has

expansions are of a purely narrative

sort^.

MS L

undergone a considerable revision by a mediaeval magician, who added nothing new, but merely mutilated the document. The
-single addition of

importance

in this recension is the inscription

on the ring 2.
Unique matter in Recension B. — The peculiarities of Rec. B, and particularly of MS P, the only complete MS of this recension, consist in the main of unimportant interpolations and alterations. There are, however, a few additions of moment. These may be classed under four heads: (i) those which show
11.

familiarity with demonological ti'adition;

e.

g.,

the reference to
as

the ghosts

of the giants 3, to the female
jr oXvfioQg)Ov^,

demon Obyzuth

jtvevfia fivQicopvfXov xal

and

to Enepsigos, another

female demon, as fivQKDPVfiog^t the allusion to a cycle of legend
regarding 'EX^ovQimv and ol ijtra dalfiovsq^, the added charms
in
(2)

XVIII

23,

27 f,

further

information regarding Abezethibu *;
e. g.,
(3)

those which are Gnostic in character;

the allusions to

the eleven fathers and the eleventh aeon 8;
a
cabalistic

those which have

tendency;
Xf^^'

e.

g.,

the introduction of
xf^'

Apharoph
^,

for

Raphael, of
1 Cf.

for

Emmanuel, and of

for

Raphael
3
C.

and

c.

X If.

and
cf.

XXVI 8—10.

2 Cf. infra VII

14.

XVII

I.

4
'Epf.
f,

C. XIII 3;

Exdxfj ^VQL(j)VV^B Par

7toXvd)VVfiB
cf.

Par

MP

432,

Reitzenstein,

Montgomery, Avezuha; TCoXvtbvvfxs is frequent. For noXvfxoQtpoq cf. Par MP 2726, 2799, of Hekate and Selene; cod. Par. 2^16 f. 318V (Reitzenstein, Poim. 2(^i) JlxQayyaha 6 C. IX 7. 5 C. XV 2. noXvfxoQ<pe. See also ad7 C. XXV I 5, possibly omitted by accident from Rec. A.
(k/9v?oi;),

2815; her many Poim. 299 (one is ^^i^a), Pradel, Gr. Geb. 23 (275) ATTN 260 (No. 42), 262, Gaster in Folklore XI 133,

2745, Orph. Hymn. /ajj/ot, names are given in cod. Par. 2316,

MP

ditions in

VI

4.

9

C. XIII 6,

XV

8 C. XVIII 18, 31. II. See other additions in XVIII

3, 23,

XXII

8,

XXIII

4.

Unique matter

in Recension C.

83

(4)

those which

show
20.

familiarity with Christianity.
viz.,

Additions are
S,

found in every section that refers to Christ;

VI

XI, XII

3,

The additions in the first three passages XVII 4, important. The remaining two, however, seem to be are not due to an attempt to make the Christianity of the Test less "equivocal," since in XVII 4 the "becoming man" of the Savior and in XXII 20 the one to be born of a virgin is mentioned,
and XXII
and crucified
to
is

called 6 iiovaQ%riq d^eog.
in

These additions lead

the

belief that

XV

lof,

where Rec.

A

is

wanting by
that
his
it is

accident, the positive Christian ideas

advanced,

viz.,

the

son of
is

never to

God who is to be stretched on the tree, that know man, and that he is especially fit
all

mother
devil

to receive

dominion over
{did^okog
the

the

demons because he overcame the
is

rarely

occurs in the Test) are probably the work of

B

redacteur.

This conclusion

supported by the fact that
at systematic thought or
definitely

the

Test elsewhere

makes no 'attempt
rate

generalization.

At any

we cannot

claim these

ideas

for

the original writer, and must conclude that
better instructed in the faith, but also later.
in

B

is

not

only

much
12.,

Unique matter
investigation

Recension

C.

Rec.

C

deserves a

special

of

much
its

greater proportions than can
its

be

given here, in order to determine

sources and rdationships.
is late,

As we have already
in

seen,

language
its

and the codices
it

which

it

is

found as well as

unique material relate

to

the C/avicu/a^.

Many problems
called EltzianphieP?

I

must leave

to others.

Why

is

Beelzebul

What
flies

is

the meaning of Onoskelu's birth

djtb (pcoviqq ^rjQaa^eh iJtJ€ix7]g xQVf^^'^^^V^^^

idea

of the bird that

over God's head?
is

interesting

and

baffling

sections

that

Whence comes the One of the most which we have called
editor has

the "Prologue".

In

spite

of defective
2 Rec. C XI

grammar the
;

1 Cf. supra 11

4,

IV

2 c.

i

cf.

TQiavipisX,

X
8,

i.

3
to'

Ibid.

XI

6.

Dr. James writes, "I

am

clear that XQriixaxixflq has
I

something
S-i^Xv-

do with ;f^e^fr/5f tv, neighing of horse^ and
iyev^&rjoav,

compare

Jer.

V

"nnoi

^xaazog inl yvvaXxa xov nkrjalov ixQSf^6tit,ov, When David sinned with Bathsheba, ^jjpaapsit he was a ^Innog d-rjXv/xavi^q. See Tesi
ixavslq

V

8, d-TjXvfxavslcc.

6*

84

Unique matter in Recension
select

C.

been able to
prayers, which;

from some source certain high sounding

I think,

have no

parallels in the

LXX,

the

New

Testament, or the early fathers. Possibly he borrowed from some, to him well known, liturgy. The magical cup and table in c. XI 7ff. are related to the

"marvelous cup of crystal middlemost of which was the
of a lion faced

figure

by

a kneeling

man

grasping a

bow

with arrow

drawn

together with the food-tray of Sulayman, the son of David" in the story of "Sinbad the Seaman and Sinbad the Landsman" from the Arabian Nights^. The added magical formulae connect this recension more closely

to the very head,

than the others to the magical literature of the Middle Ages on the one hand, and to the magical papyri on the othero The

word Agla

(XIII 6), which by noiarikon stands for "thou art mighty forever, O Lord," indicates dependence upon Jewish cabalism, and probably a relatively late date, for the word is

not in the magic papyri, so far as
favorite in the
2

I

can discover, but

is

a

Middle Ages The magical recipe of c. IX gf. and the list of fifty demons in c. X have many marks which show that they are later than the original Test and have arisen in a different circle. The list
is

not concerned solely or primarily with the cure of diseases;
relates the powers,

it

some good, some
are
seal.

evil,

of each demon, and

implies

that

these powers

under the control of him who
rules

knows
certain

the

demon's

Furthermore, each demon

a

These ideas are to be found, on the one hand, in Gnosticism, which details the number of spirits ruled by each aqimv^^ and, on the other, in mediaeval
inferiors.
1 Seventh Voyage in the Calcutta edition, Burton VI 80. 2 The word is an acrostic from the first four words of the second of the Shemoneh 'i^sreh: ^^i^i* a^S^b ^13i nnut. Since this liturgy and

number of

blessing
also the

practice of noiarikon are early, one can argue as to date only on general probabilities; cf.

JE

I 235,

1X270—82; Schwab, Did.
f.

s.

v.

Hbi2<. Jt occurs often in

Horst, Zauberbib.y I 127, II 90, 103, 121, i23fF., etc.;
Harl.

in

Mather's Key^ p. 7;
to

in

MS

5596

(cf.

supra II 4)

3021

in

an incantation
also

secure

treasure:

6Qxlt,m vfiag, dalfzovsg, sIq za dvofxaxa tov

&60v rd xsTQayQCL^fiaxov ZmQ
f.

iaztv

ayXa' dyXaatd' ayXat' ayXad)^;
3 Cf.
p. 85, n. 2.

3ob2j 32^2;

often in

Latin

Clavicula.

Unique matter

in Manuscript D.

85

magic 1. The resemblance between c. X and the language o( Pistis Sophia regarding the five aQXovrsq and the ip^q)oc and 0<pQayi6sq
of the thirteenth al6v'^,

and

lists

of names

in

chapters

ofjeu^

is

most

striking.

and the various xaQaTcrrjQsq, CtpQayldeq, 5—40 and 45— 52 in the First Book Furthermore, there are close resemblances

between the magical figures of the Coptic papyri, the Clavicula, both Latin and Greek, and the unique sections of this recension.

cannot attempt to trace the connecting links between these widely separated branches of magic, which, no doubt, go

We

back to a

common

source

in Hellenistic

syncretism.

The

facts

presented are an interesting illustration of the wide wanderings
of superstitions,

and the tenacity with which they maintain
matter
in

their

forms in their migrations.
13.

Unique

MS

D.

On

internal

grounds

and B we have decided that and by MS D c. I—VI and VIII present in general the form of the original story of Solomon out of which the Test was developed *. From what sources did this legend come ? As
comparison with Recs,
it

A

now

stands,

it is

quite plainly a Christian redaction of Jewish
Palestinian,

midrashim regarding Solomon,
ultimately Jewish
is

perhaps Galilean,
c. I

in
is

origin, rather than Babylonian ^

That the legend of

suggested by Nathan's stopping to bury a
trait

borrowed from Magianism^, Traces be found in c. VIII The story of Solomon's flying through the air appears in Jewish mythology, where he is said to have ridden on an eagle 8^ but in Mohamdead countryman, a
of later influences

are

to

medan

legend,

according to the Quran on a wind^^ and

in

the

1 Cf. Trinity Col. (Cambridge) MS 1404 in French; Harl. (Br. Mus.) 6483, which contains "all the names, orders, and offices of all the spirits Sol. ever
conversed with"
(f. i). 2 Cc. isSff., Schmidt, K-Gn. Schr. 235 ff. 4 Cf. supra IV 2. 5 Cf. supra VII'daT), p. 64 f, 260—97, 308—29. Cf. Tob I 19, II 3ff. Dr. James points out to me that the story is found Ps.-Epiphanius, Vitae Prophetaruniy see ed. Schermann (Teubner 1907), pp. 4,

3 6

Ibid.

in

54, 89,
it

Migne,

PG

43, col. 425,

and thinks
7

this is its

probable source.

For

D

would then be

indirectly Jewish, I suppose. Calish,

yElX
2.

176, says the rabbis

are practically silent as to

Nathan.

Cf. stipra

IV

8 Griinbaum,
Suras

ZDMG XXXI 23.
81,

XXXI

XXXIV

11,

XXXVII

35,

S£E IX

(II)

52,

151, 179.

86

The

inscription

on the

ring.

Arabian Nights on a magic carpets If the story originally referred to Asmodaeus' usurpation of the throne, then we have also Jewish sources. This chapter, then, would seem to be an addition from a Jewish-Mohammedan type of tradition. All the remainder of this version we have already traced to Jewish
sources 2

'

From

considerations

of textual and

literary
late,

criticism

we
its its

concluded that

D

in

its

present form was

but that

archetype {d) was the starting point for the Test^-

From

language and style
conclusions

we concluded

that

it

was Byzantine*.

Our

based upon a study of

its

subject matter accord

with this and take us one step further: an originally Jewish document or cycle of legends has been thoroughly worked over

by an educated
over into the
is

Christian in early Byzantine times.

Since there
taken

are no Christian elements in those parts of
Test,

d which were
in

and the quality of the Christianity
in
it

Rec.

A

much poorer than
in
14.

D,

it

is

natural to conclude that

d had

nothing Christian

Solomon's
in

seal.

engraved on the ring
since

when it was transformed into the Test. The origin of the seals supposedly of Solomon is of subordinate importance,

any case secondary additions in our MSS. The simplest form is that found in Rec. B, which attempts no reproduction, but merely says the inscription was a pentagram.
they are
Since this
is

the western type of the tradition,

it

cannot have

been originals
Rec.

A

presents

an interesting formula consisting for the

most part of

unintelligible

words and containing those combiin Hellenistic magic.

nations of vowels so

common

MS L alone
circle, the

reproduces the seal with the legend in the form of a

formula appearing around the circumference, while the interior contains magic signs. In the manuscript in which L is found,
Harl. 5596,
1 Burton 5 Cf.

the Clavicula contains a seal of different shape on
III 267.

3 Supra IV i, 2, 3. 4 Supra V i. Neue Beitrage z. sem, Sagmkunde 251. The text of the inscriptions as given in our MSS wiU be found below, p. 100 Canaan, Aderglaube, p. i£2f., et passim, gives the seal of Solomon as usually
2 Supi'a VII
6.

JE XI

438

ff.,

448, Griinbaum,

f.

the sixpointed star

among modem Arabs, but

also the five.

Origin and sources.

8/

which the same legend was to be written. In Bologna University MS No. 3632 (V of the Test) there is found among many such "pentacles" a circle inscribed rov aoXofiSprog fteyaXov,
within

same legend. No doubt the editor of Rec. A got his seal from some such collection. The wording of the inscription would seem to link it to the older amulets and magic papyri, but in any case it is younger than the Test,
which
is

written the

which shows
In Rec.
with

little

trace of such influence.
first

C

twelve large seals are found, the
transverse
lines

a rectangle

various

and magic

sings,

the remaining
In

eleven
the

round and also containing various mystical symbols.

fifth

and the ninth are
fourth,

figures that look like the signs for

Virgo and Scorpio, in the seventh for Aquarius, in the eighth for
Pisces;
fications

the third,

and

fifth

contain
>g.

of the Christian
are
I

monogram

among others modiThe fact that the^e

same
-the
.

seals

found in a Vienna
think,

MS

Test

is,

indicative of their origin.

which does not contain We must con-

elude that the original Test contained no description or repro-

duction of the
15.

seal.

Summary and
narrative
i.

conclusions,


I,

If

our previous conclusions

are correct, the original Jewish stem of the present TVj;' consisted

of the

parts of chapters

II,

XX, XXII, XXIII, and
to the

XXIV,

e,,

of those parts which are
this

common

Test

and

MS

D.

Upon

parent stem have been grafted
fully,
it

(i)

certain

sections

which describe the demons more

(2)

two brief

references to the
i3f.,

work

as a

Test,

which give

the

name (XV

XXVI
basis

8),

other considerable sections
is

containing demonic

prophecies whose later fulfilment
the
for

represented as constituting

therefore, are

Solomon's faith in their testimony, and which, intended to validate the work to the public (XII 4,

XV
5f,

12 ff, 21) 1, and (4) additions made merely for the story's sake or intended to link the parts of the story together (VI 3,,

XX

XIX, XXI, XXII

7f.,

17).

In this division of the Introductio7i

we have

given attention

mainly to the origin of the

first

of these four classes of additions,

1 Note also the late (P) addition

XV 8— 11.

88

Origin and sources.

which

includes the demonological, astrological, and magical elements in the work^, additions marked by the questions r/g
£/ Cv;

Tig xaXslcat]
It is

nolcp ^cpdlcp xsicat]

Jtoiq)

ayyiXcp xaraQthe.

yeTCai]

for the sake of

answering these questions that
seen,

Test

was

written.

As we have

the material for the an-

swers has been drawn through Judaism from Babylonia in Ephippas (XXII) and possibly in the lilith-like Obyzuth (XIII) and from
Persia
.

in

Asmodaeus
the

(V);

from Hellenistic Egypt

decani although

section has been

much

altered

come the by Jewish
(IX),

or Christian revisers (XVIII); from Hellenistic Greek mythology

come Onoskelis
Enepsigos

(IV),

Lix Tetrax

(VII),

Akephalos Daemon

(=

Hekate, XV), Kunopegos

possibly the dog,

(XIV ==
a
sources
the

?

Rhabdos (X, ? Cerberus) and Pterodrakon Typhon)2^ from Hellenistic mysticism the recipe for
lof.); from (perhaps Galilean) Jewish the seven xoOftoxgdroQEg^, the giant, Machthon*,

=

(=

Poseidon, XVI), and

cosmic revelation (VI

come demon of

the

Red

Sea, Abezethibou (XXV), and probably

the Shunamite(XXVI); from Christian, or Jewish-Christian sources
in part,

come Beelzebul
(XI),

(III,

of Gadara
xoQV<p7j

and

perhaps
beside

VI 1—9), Leontophoron, the demon the demon of epilepsy called
the

dQaxovrcov,

charms which include

some

allusion to Christ

What
ill-digested

sort of

(XV lOf, XVII 4). a man could have
drawn from
all

held such inconsistent and
these
diverse sources.

views

He

cannot have been a heathen for he knows Judaism and
ty,

Christian-

the

Old Testament and the

New

too well.

He

cannot have

been a Jew because of the Christian elements. Dr. Conybeare suggests that we have here as in the Testaments of the Twelve
Patriarchs^ "a Christian recension of a Jewish book"^.
I

Although

cannot agree with Schiirer that there are no Jewish passages
the book^,
Dr.

in

Conybeare's hypothesis
this

does not seem

to

1

MS D

shows that some of

was

in the original story, d.

2 Azazel, the serpent tempter of Eve,
Apoc. of Abraha7?i XXIII,

has
cf.

Bonwetsch

p. 33;

human hands and Hughes, Ethics Jew.

feet in the

Apoc.^ 211.

3 4
5

C.
Is

Vni;
XI

it

has some Hellenistic and Christian additions.

he a Titan rather than one of the Nephilim?
i3f.

JQR

6 Th.

Liiztg.

1899 no.

Origin.

89

meet the
in

facts in the case.

the

Test.

Particularly

is

There is too much Christian material it to be noted that, in both places

where the word testament occurs
the form

(XV 14 XXVI
is

8),

it

is c.

closely

connected with passages which are Christian in tone;
in

XV

lOf.

in

which we have

it

the most characteristically
c.

Christian section. in the entire

work;

XXVI
is

8 in Rec. B,
less

we believe
than
is

to

represent the original here,

which markedly so

MS H

with

its

reference to the "Jews," and yet of the
to
last

we have

discovered that the whole
legend which

chapter

is

based on a

otherwise comes

us from a Christian source.

Moreover, the demonology of the work, which so
bles that

much resem-

of the

New

were accepted in
its

Testament and the pseud epigrapha which the Christian church, and the language with

resemblances to that of the
is

New Testament

even

in

passages

where there
tian

no quotation or direct allusion point to a Chrisinconsistencies from
especially of Rec.

origin.

The absence too of smaller

the narrative,

A, the impossibility of finding

the joints in the mending,

point to unity of authorship for the

Test as such.

We

conclude, then, that while the original story

d

was probably Jewish, the demonological document which first called itself a Testament^ best represented in Rec. A, was a
Christian work.

The man
of

w^ho

any heterodox
all

circle,

He was above
this

composed our Test bears no distinctive marks yet he was no thorough-going Christian. a magician, and it is as such that he collected

from almost every natioii had contributed to Mediterranean civilization. He must have been a Greek Christian, familiar, perhaps from childhood,
bizarre
that

potpourri of fragments

with the language of the Septuagint and
also

New

Testament, familiar

with

many

legends of Jewish origin,

but entirely familiar

too with the demonology and magic of the heathen world, to which he belonged almost as truly as he did to Christianity. For him Christ is not yet master of the whole world; nevertheless, Christ's is

a

name
a

to conjure with, and,

when he
comes
is

is

at a

loss for

a powerful angel name, the

new

savior
in

into the

exorcism.
Christianity

He
is

is

half-hearted

Christian

a world where the

not yet the conquering religion. This

more

•90

Solomon

in Sapientia.

-evident

when one compares Recs. B and C, which introduce -elements which reveal the period when Christianity had con'guered,

and was absorbing

its

former foes and their

superstitions.

VIII.
I.

THE TESTAMENT
The

IN

LITERATURE AND HISTORY,

Solomonic books of healing and magic among the Jews.

J
as
it

a)

literary starting point for all the later legends regard-

ing Solomon's

wisdom

is

to

be found
c.

in III

Reg

III.

Here,

Benzinger points out;
is
is

it is

the judicial" wisdom of the ruler that In
2

in

the writers mind^.

V9— 14,

on the other hand,

"religiose Lebensweisheit"

Furthermore, Benzinger believes

that in comparing Solomon's

wisdom with

that of the children

of the East and the wisdom of the Egyptians the writer intended^

imply that Solomon knew magic and astrology, for these ancients were famous for such knowledge, as the records of thej
to
j

Exodus,

for example, testify.

How

far

back

may we

place

this^

earliest reference to

Solomon's magical knowledge?

The

verses

in question

can hardly belong to the

earlier sources of the

Books;
final
it

of Kings

as

Kautzsch seems to imply ^, but rather to the
4.

redaction of the book

The

least that

one can say
the
leading

is

that

must date before the Septuagint
centuries,

translation.
in

More than two
circles of

therefore,

before

Christ,
is

Palestinian Judaism,

Solomon

already a magician.

The

inter-

polator

of the passage

may

not have thought of him as the

author of magical books, but surely many readers would understand from the allusion to the wisdom of the ancients and Egypt
that cpdai meant, not psalms, but carmina^ incantations, and that the
discourses
vjtkQ rcop ^vXcop

must include

their medical,

or

what amounted
1 K'dnige^
p.

to the on
I

same

thing, their magical

uses^

23
to

f.,

2

I

Kg V9-14

(Heb),

Kg V 9 — 14. IV 29— 34 (Eng).
Stade and Schv/ally in Haupt's polychrome Hebrew

3 According
Bible color
nagel,
it

markings adopted in Heil. Schr. des AT,
loc.
cit.

4 So Benzinger,
EinL

as a "non-Deuteronomic addition of

unknown

origin."

Cf. Steuera very

AT

356,

and

ZATW

1910 70,

whose suggestions require

late date.

5 Cf. Salzberger, Salomosage,

5ff.,

for an analysis of the biblical passage.

1

Solomon
b)

in Josephus.

9

The next reference to Solomon's magical powers, in Wisdom VII 17 22, makes no allusion to writings; indeed the

context does not

call

for

it.

But

it

does plainly involve the

ascription to the supposed writer of knowledge of astrology, of
the nature of beasts
yeia Ctoix^lwv,
"all

and

spirits, as

well as of men, of the svaQQt^cot^,

the 6Laq)0Qal g)vrmv, and the dvmfieig

of
of

things that are either secret or manifest" 1.
is

The Wisdom

Solomon, then,

a witness to

tlie

acceptance of the legend of

Solomon's astrological, demonological, and magical accomplish-

ments in Alexandrian Judaism in the
let
it

first century B. C, and, be noted, by a thoroughly educated and highly cultured

Jew of the Dispersion.
c)

A
is

still

further allusion to Solomon's authority over dein Pseudo-Philo,

mons

found

de antiquitatibus

.

biblicisy

in Ci-

Dauid contra daemohium Saulis, which we have already quoted. The lines which concern us here should run, according to Dr. James, as follows: Arguet autem te metra nova unde natus sum de quo nascetur post tempus de lateribus meis
tharismus regis
qui vos domabit. Dr.
at
first

sight as

James says, "In this last sentence it seems though we had a prophecy of Messiah, and a
touch.

possible
I

But a little consideration will show, demons' who is to spring from David is not Messiah, but Solomon the king of Genies, the wizard whose spells produced such marked effects in the time of
Christian
think, that the 'vanquisher of

Josephus, the hero, too, of the
figures

Testament of Solomon^ where he

almost solely as the restrainer and chastiser of mischie-

vous spirits"^.
d)

The next mention of Solomon's power

as a magician

is

the decisive one,
tations

without which one might doubt the interpre-

adopted above. There can be no doubt as to Josephus' meaning on the whole when he relates the following: (44) cvvaxa^ato 6\ xal ^i^kia
[jibqX] wdwv xal (isXSv nivxB JtQoq XMoiq, xal otaga^oXoiV xal elxovmv ^i^Xovg TQioxMag'

role;

xaO-^

1 Following the translations by Siegfried

in Kautzsch,

APAT
p.

I 490,

and

Holmes
2

in Charles,

APOT

I 546.

TSll^

(1893) Apoc. Anec. iSsff.; cf. supra

VII 6 b), and

60

n. 2.

92

Solomon

in Joseplius.

sxaorov yag sl6og devSgov JtaQa^oXrjv eIjiev, a(p vfSCwjtov fo?^ xedgov, tov avxov 6a xQOJtov xal jcsqI xrtjvt^p xal tSp t emysicop ajtavTcov ^cowv xal xmv Vfjxrcov xal rcop aBQicov' ovdsfiiav yag rovrcov tpvaiv rffvor\<jzv ov6\ uiagril^BV ave^eraOtov, aXX'

ev jtaoatg e^tkoo6(p7]66 xal rr]v kjttoxri^rjv rcov hv avzaig Idiw-

(larmv axgav sjtsdel^aro,
xal T7]v xaxa

(45) jtagsCje

6*

avrm

(lad'Stv 6

d-eog-

xmv

daiiiovoiv rex^TjP slg cog)£Xetav xal d-EgaJtEiak
sjtcpdaq re 6vvra^afi6Vog alg JtagfjyoQEiTat ra
6ai-;

TOiq avO'ga)Jtoig,

voafjftara, rgojcovg s^ogxdOEcov xariXutEv^ olg avdovfiEva ra

fiovia

cog

firjXET
r]fitv
fj

ejcavEXd-Elv kxdLwxovOt.
d^Egajtsla jcXslorov iaxvEt'

(46) xal avrrj

ftE^Qi

vvv jiag
vii^v

IcxogrjCa yag xiva

'EXsdC,agov

rcov

ofiocpvXoiV,

OvsajraOcapov xagovxog xal xmv
jcX'^d-ov^^

avxov xal yiXiagxmv xal aXXov Oxgaxtwxixov
vJto

xovg

xwv

daifiovimv

XafifiavofiEVovg
rjv,

djtoXvovxa xovxcov.
(47) jtgoCq}£ga)V xalq
vjto

ds xTJg d-agajtELag xgojtog xoiovrog
giol

xov datfiopi^ofiEPov xov daxxvXcov, s^ovxa
ejcelx

x^

dpgaylSi.
dtai

gl^av eg cbv vjieSel^e 2JoXo/1(6p,
x<5p

s^eiXxev oOcpgofiivo)

liVxxTjgmv

xo daifiovtovj xal xicovxog sv&vg xdvd'g(63iov
hjtavriB,aLv

ixrjxix' alg

avxov

Sgxov, UoXo[i<Dv6g xs

fi£fivrj[iavog

xal xag EJtq>6ag, ag Cvpe&tjxev Exatvog, EJttXaycov .... (49) yivofiavov 6h xovxov ca(p^g r] ^oXofiSvog xad^icxaxo ovvaCig xai
0og)la
^
.
. .

We
that,

have quoted the passage at length, because we believe having it before the eye and remembering the previous

Jewish allusions to Solomonic incantations, one cannot but accept

Albrecht Dieterich's conclusion that Josephus means to imply
that

books were

in

circulation

under Solomon's name which
after the plan

gave the magical, or medicinal, virtues of plants
of the works later written

axoi%Etov\

And

surely

by Pamphilus and called sixovsg xaxa the ijtcpdal had long ago been written

down.
e)

The Mishna says

that Hezekiah hid the "book of recipes"^

VIII 2 5. 44^49 l^Naber) Abraxas 142 f., Leid. Pap. 780 ff, 3 In the Gemara, Berakoth loa (Goldziher I 35), Pcsachim 56a [ibid.ll^z^'. mXISI ^BO tia. n.^lB^l means Heihing,\ri.\h^^\\ytzS. Arzeneien, IJeilmiitel,\.tyy Fleischer, s. v.; cf. Jer XXX 13. See also A. Wiinsch, ZDMG LXVI (1912)414*2

1 Ant VIII

=

Solomon
which, according to

in later Judaism.

93

Maimonides and Rashi meant a book which

Solomon had written; Maimonides holding that it was a book of magic \ Rashi that the evil consisted in its leading men not 2. Otherwise rabbinic literature to pray to God for their healing
does not refer to such Solomonic works;
tradition
f)

evidently this sort of

was avoided

in official Jadaism.
I

After Talmudic times
until

know

of no reference to such
In fact

books

we
the

reach

the Jews

of the Middle Ages.

Moses takes

place of Solomon in Jewish literature and be-

comes the representative wise man, as Solomon does for the
Christians^.

Steinschneider gives citations from writers of the

and following centuries who look upon Solomon as the source of all wisdom, including medicine, magic, and astrology^. In particular, Sheintob ben Isaac of Tortosa (1260) in his paratwelfth

phrase of Zahravi's
"eine

Tasrzf, called

lni)3ffl(l

ISO (XI

cent.)

^,

gives

Schilderung

der Weisheit Salomo's

(namentlich

in

der

Naturkunde), unter dessen

Namen

in

Zahrawi ein Verband

(nittl)

erwahnt werde, der auf weiBer Marmortafel an der
Palastes

Wand

seines

eingegraben war, wie verschiedene Rezepte ()mi5nDl5 mnpisn), die von den Spateren (Q'liinn^n) erlautert worden;
Scheintob hat
lautert,

den Christen mehr davon erZahrawi fand"^. We have here possible the contract with the demons^, and certainly the magical recipes said to have been written on the temple gates ^ Steinschneider
'hier

in Marseille'

als

er

in

1 Surenliusius,

Mishna

II 149, de Pasckaii

IV

9.

Maimonides says; "Haec

Mishna
liber

est

ex Tosaphta,

medicinae,

erat liber qui tractabat

tebat

Lex,

uti

sunt

niJ^IB^ -i£jD de medicis quibus se sanare non permitejusmodi res quae proponebantur per figuras; erant enim

quam exponam

propter utilitatem illius;

Astrblogiae periti
ac figuras

nonnuUi quorum dicto homines faciebant suo tempore imagines quasdam, qui aliquibus damnnm (sic) vel utilitatem adferebant; haec
rs>>£afi€C

autem figura in lingua Graeca vocabatur
hisce,

Prolixius esse volui in

eo

2 Griinbaum, ZDMG XXXI 200. 3 Kohler in y^" IV 518; cf. Gaster, Sxvord of Moses, 4 Heh\ Ubers. 936, ns. 225 and 226; 8495.
5 Ibid, 74off. Zahravi
Is
is

quod mibi exposuerant, quod Shelomo composuisset librum medicinae

called Acararius, Azaravi, etc. or vice

6
versa?
7

Ibid,

Scheintob borrowing from the Christian tradition, See below VIII 3 b) (2).
743.
Cf. injra VIII

3d)

2)

(d).

8 Cf. infra VIII 3c)

2).

94
is

Solomonic books in Arab

tradition.

only partly right in trying to relieve his compatriots of

the

responsibility for the ascription of such

works to Solomon ^ The Christians, however, developed the tradition far more than did the Jews from whom they received it.
2.

Solomonic books among the Arabs.

— A single reference
came
unto them

Quran and the comments thereon show that among the Jews of Mohammed's time magical books of Solomon were
in the

known.

Sura

II

95 ff. reads:

"And when

there

a prophet from
the

God

confirming that scripture which was with

them, some of those to

whom

the scriptures were given cast

book of ,God behind

their backs as if they

knew

it

not: and

they follow the device which the devils devised against the king^ dom of Solomon; and Solomon was not an unbeliever, but the
devils

believed

not,

they taught

men

sorcery."

The

context

supports Sale's interpretation drawn from Yahya and
that
this

Jallalo'ddin,
in

device against the kingdom of Solomon consisted
of sorcery, hiding them

the

devils'

attempt to blacken the character of Solomon b^

writing books
after his

under his throne, and
in

death pretending he had had
his

them the

recipes by

which he obtained
3.

power 2.

Among

Christians.


One
line

a)

The power

of Salomonic exorcisms. ^-

of Chrior

stian tradition goes
less

back

to Josephus

and follows him more

closely,

recounting merely the power of the exorcisms he
Origen,

had composed.
tionibus solent tionibus
illis,

who

writes "a

Salomone

scriptis adjura-

daemones
aliquoties

adjurari.

Sed

ipsi qui utuntur adjuralibris

nee idoneis constitutis

utuntur:

quibusdam autem et de Hebraeo acceptis adjurant daemoda," may be merely paraphrasing Josephus, or he may have had personal knowledge of Solomonic works 3, The first I have discovered to quote Josephus expressly is Georgius Monachus
1 Op. cU. 936.

An

interesting reference

to

Jewish magic, Burton, Nights

n

234.

2 Cf. Sale ad he.

Palmer's
is

note,

SBE VI

(Qu

II)

14,

does not so well

explain the passage, which

concerned solely with books.
(tract.

3 In Mattheum comm.
of

ser,

33)

no, Migne

FG

13, 1757, in discussioa-

Mt XXVI

63,

Medical wisdom from Solomon.

gj
(c.
1

(c. (c.

850) \
1150)3,

who

is

followed

by Cedrenus

100)

2,

Zonaras

and Glycas

(after 1150)'*.

Other Solomon the ultimate source of medical wisdom. Christian writers start from the Old Testament notices of Solob)

mon's wisdom, developing the tradition in various directions.
the first place,

In

according to Theodoret (386/393

—458),

he was

wiser than the

most famous wise men
back.

to

whom

the Hellenistic

world looked
asks,

In his Quaestiones in III Reg.j

Qu.
fj

X

he

Ilwq vofjreov to "^EjtXrid'VVBV (cod.

a, ajtlrjO-vv^ri)

aog)la

SoXofimvrog vjthg rrjv cpQOvriCiv jtavxmv
xal vj€SQ Jtdvrag g)Qovi/iovg AlyvjtToVj"
XtjXov dsi^ai

rwv

vtcov aQXCtifov,

He

answers, 'Ex TtagaX^

avrov

t7]v ciog)lav o i(ftoQioyQdg)og r^O^eXridsv,

Tovsfivrj-

rov xaQiv xal
Od"r}

rwv

otaXai yBysvri(ievcov Coq>mv doQiHrcog
q)Tjalv,

dxavrag 6 J^okoficav ccjtaxQVipEV, dzs dfj d^60&£v rrfg aog)tag to dmgov ds^dfievog ^, Procopius of Gaza, without acknowledging his debt, quotes Theodoret almost word for word 6. Georgius Monachus and after him Georgius CeTovxovg^
"^

drenus

^

give a slightly different version of Theodoret, adding

also a part of

Theodoret's Quaest XVIII.

In the second place Theodoret represents the wise king as
the source from

which the ancients derived their knowledge of IJcog voi]xiov to "'Ejidlrjas jieqI x6v §6.", Icov and answers, Eal rag tpvosig, xal xag dvvdfisig, xal rwv ^oxavmv, xal xmv 6ev6q(dv, xal ^evroi xal xcav dXlyymv
medicine.
.

He

asks,

.

.

C^cptDv

3te<pvaLoXoy7jxivai

avrov

aigrixsv'

hxsv^sv

olfiai

xal xdg

iaxQixag

^I^Xovg

6vyysYQaq)6xag

egavlaaod-at

xdfijtoXka

ml rovde rov
^ov
olov
rj

^tpov rods to fioQtov rlvog xdd^ovg dlB^KpaQfia-

X7]g valvr]g

xoX%

rj

xo Xeovxecov CxEag,
Migne
196

rj

to xav-

1 Or Hamartolos; ^^^ 352—8. 2
:5elzer,

Ckron. II 42

4,

PG no
cf.

249 C;

cf.

Krumbacher
BLg-

Migne,

PG
Afr

121
II
i

156 Bf.

and

CD;
cf.

Krumbacher,
Ofera

368f
ed.

Sex^. Jul.

357-84.

3 Ann, 118, Migne,
3rewer

PG
I,

134

168 B,
p.

Roger Bacon,

inedita,

London

1859, vql.

App.

526.

PG 158 349 C; cf. Krumbacher, BLg 380—5. 6 Migne, PG 80 676 AB. 6 Com. ad III Reg, II 45, Migne, PG %^\i 1152.
4 Migne
7

Chron. II 42

If.,

Migne,

PG no

249 A.

8 Migne,

PG

i2t 197

^6
Qstov a\ua,
g)oi
-^

Solomon's medical -wisdom.

rcov h^vcdrnv al OaQxsg.

IIsqI xovxoi)V

yag

ol do-

Ta>v larQcov 6vyy%yQa<pa0iv^ ex
eiX7jg)6xEg

xmv

JloXoyLrnvxi CvyyEyQaftf

fievcop

xSv

xqcoxcov xaq aq)OQiiaq^>
as
far

Procopius of

Gaza quotes Theodoret

as jcdfi:n:oXka^.

Anastasius

Si3.

and answer almost word. for word So far as I have discovered, no others use the first part of the reply ending with jrdfiJtoXXa, but Georgius Monachus, Cedrenus, and Glycas weave into their account of Hezekiah's suppression of Solomon's books the sentence, dg/ cop ol xmv ^EXXrivmv
naites repeats both question

iaxQo0og>cOrai 6<psx8Qiod[iBvot xal
olxeiag Cvvscx^aavxo xi%vaq, or
c)
i)

xaq dg)OQfiag
equivalent^.

£iXri(p6xBq

xat;

its

Hezekiah's suppression of Solomon's books.
Origin of the legend.

The

question naturally arose as

what had become of all the proverbs, odes, and scientific writings of Solomon, So far as the sources show, this question was first raised and answered by Hippolytus in his commentary on Canticles, portions of which are preserved in Armenian, Syriac, Slavic 5, and Georgian 6. The last mentioned version contains a discussion, the essence of which has been handed
to

down

also in a quotation or

summary found

in the Quaestiones

of Anastasius Sinaites.
In Quaest.
to Solomon's

XLI

Anastasius collects several ancient references

ledged
i6

books and wisdom. Beginning with an unacknowquotation from Theodoret', he reproduces Sap VII
III

— 21

and

Reg IV 26— 29, and then adds
Migne,

the following;
Does Jerome have

1 In III Reg. Quaest, XVIII,
this tradition in

FG

80 681 AB.
reptilium,

mind?

Cf, Quaest. Hebr, in libr. Ill Reg. (Migne,
et

PL

23 1365C)'. de
vi

Disputavit

enim de naturis lignorum, jumentorum,

piscium,

videlicet et naturis illorum ....

2 Com. ad III Reg IV 33; Migne, PG 87 i 1153. 3 Quaest. XLI; cf. infra p. 97 n* i. It is the first part of the andstQiaiq and immediately follows a quotation from 0Bo6o)QijXOV ^niaxdnov KvooVy -which
:

stands at the end of Quaest. 40.

200 B, 224
ci(p'

42 4 (Migne PG no, 249 B) for G. Monachus; Migne, PG 121 Glycas (ibid. 158 348 D) has, xkq tov 2. ^i^Xovg, <bv Hal o\ t(ov laxQibv Ttatdeg a<pOQ^aq ^eXapov. 5 Bonwetsch, KVCom I 343 - 74.

4

C/iron. II

C

for Cedrenus;

6 Bonwetsch, Hipplyts Kom. 7 Cf. supra n. 3.

a.

Hohelied in

TU NF

VIII (23) H.

2,

22

f.

Suppression of Solomon's books.

gj

^ljt:jto^vtov

sx Tov slg to

adfia

aCfiara)v,
fivcri^Qia

Kal

jtov

jtaaa

rj

nXovcia avrtj yvSCig]
^i^Xoi]

jtov 6e

xa

xavxa]
rj

xal jtov at
6og)la xal 6

avatpegovxaL yag fiovai al jraQOcfilat xal
ScOfia

EXxX^OtaCXTjg xal xb
YQCtg)'^]
li^i

xwv

aGfiaxcov.
fiep

xl ovv]

Jpsvdexai ^

yivoixo,
<pg

aXXa

jtoXXfj

xig

vXi] yayivr^xat
C9]fiaivsi

xwv
yccQ

K^Qafifiatcop,

67]Xot

xb Xiysiv aOfia aOfiaxcop'

fpri oca JtEQiBlypv al jcavxaxiCx^Xiat cpdal hv x^ avl dtrjyrjGaxo. BV Sh xatg rjpiQaig E^sxiov xa fihp xcov ^i^Xicov 6^eXsyi]0av, xa
6e xal JteQicig)d"rjaap
.
.

.

.^

Perhaps Jerome has

this

in

mind

when he
[Eccl.]

says,

Aiunt Hebraei cum inter cetera scripta Salomonis
et hie liber
[XII]

quae antiquata sunt, nee in memoria duraverunt,
obltterandus

videretur ...

ex

hoc

uno

capitulo

meruisse auctoritatem 2.

the otherwise

That general encyclopedia, the Hypomnesticon^ written by unknown Josephus Christianus, mentions jtsvraxibut not

oxtXlag jtagoifilag written
to in the Scriptures

by Solomon among the books referred now founds Michael Glycas gives
it
all,

a badly garbled
fall

after

making Hezekiah's revision the Exile and Ezra's labors, and naming 6 aogxoxaxog
account of

WiXXog as his authority, evidently
2)

by mistake^.

In view of Hezeon the temple gate. kiah's iconoclastic zeal as to the brazen serpent, it M^as inevitable that some one should suggest that he had also suppressed the
writings

The

magical writings of Solomon.
!

Two
(c.

Christian writers present an
that of Sheintob already
in

independent tradition,

somewhat

like

mentioned
1
is

S-

Georgius Syncellus

800)

his

exXoyrj

xQovo-

placed

KVConi I 343; Migne, PG 89 589; cf. supra p. 96 n. 6. Anastasius' floruit by Krumbaclier {BLg 64 fF.) between 640 and 700. The QuaesHones in
form are not original, but that does not 2 Com. in Eccl XII 13 f.
affect

their
is all

present

our material, for

it

quoted.

3 Cap. 120,
settled.

PG

lo6 124 A.

The

date

of

the Hypomnesticon

is

still

un-

Schiirer, G^y Fill 420, refers to Oy}.\s,z\Ta\A\.^
it

KlHne SchriftenN
researches'*, of

^\%^

who
pos-

places

in the tenth century,

and the "more accurate

Diekamp,

Hippolyttts
I

von Tkeben (1898)
earlier
it

sibly

a

much

date.

145— 151, who To the writer

decides for 800 at the latest,
it

appears that aside from certain

evident interpolations

may belong
cf.

to the fifth century.

4 5
'

PG

158 349

A;

122, 537,

Cf. supra p. 93.

The

story

in

540 for Psellus' opinion. Ez VIII 7—11 does not appear

to

have

played any part in these speculations.

UNT.

9:

McCown.

7

.

qS
yQaqiiaq^

Suppression of Solomon's books.

most concisely his wisdom and after expanding IV Reg XVJII
^adtXevq ^lovda fisxa
ixxorpai

when speaking of Solomon's reign, merely describes fall; when he comes to Hezekiah,
4,

he adds,

'EC^sxlag fthv

oiv

xal

top

;f«>lxot5j^

to xaracxdipac ra ddcoXsZa xal xa aXcrj otpiv s^aXslipai rovg evQiCxo^svovq
hd-avaxov.

sldooXoXaxQovvTag

eg %v6alo:)v

xoOovxov

yccQ

x^

sldcoXoXaxQela Cvpslxovxo Scxs xcov d-vgw^axcov ojtioO-EV C^osyga-

xa ^dsXvyfiaxa xcov ed^vwv xal tcqoOxvvsIv aviotg, xal tva TcaQ ^EQexiov xpr}Xaq>av JiBfutOfiEvrnv xQv^oivxo avotyoiiEvmv xSv
g)sZv

d-vQcov.
jtvX'^

ijv

xal JSoXoiimvxoq yqa^ri xig £yxExo?Mfif£6vr]

xfj

xov vaov jtavxog voorjiiaxoq axog jtsgiixovCa, ^ JtQo6EXoov 6 Xabg xal xag d-EQajtEtag vofiiC^ofisvog e^eiv xaxEtpQovEt xov
d'EOV'

6c6

xal xavxrjv EC^Exlag E^Ex6Xa\pEV iva xaaxovxEg

xw

d-Ew

jtQ0CEX036iv^,

Suidas
ygatpri'^-

abbreviates

the

account and puts

^i^Xog ia^axcov for
3)

Solomon's magical books suppressed/

— Turning to Anaruns
as
follows:

stasius Sinaites again

we make
section

the interesting discovery that he

ascribes

the account of the reforming activity of Hezekiah to

Eusebius.

The

final

in

Quaest. XII

Ev6E^lov

IlaiKplXov

EX

xtjg

aQXcctoXoyix^g

loxoQtag,

Tag

6e

^i^Xovg xov SoXoficovxog, xag Jtsgl
hv alg JtEQL

rwv jcaga^oXwv
<pv6ioXoy^6ag,

xal cidcov,
;fe(){Jaicoi^,

^vxwv

xal jtavxoicov

C^coa)V

jtEXEtvSv XE xal vTjxxSp, xal la^ax<DV xad-ovg jtavxoq^ yQaq)Eioag

aix^j dg)av£tg

ijtoir}OEV ^EQExlaq, 6ia

x6 xag d-EQajtElaq xcov voxal jiEQiogav alxElv,
xal

OTjiidxwv Evd-Ev xofil^Edd^ai xov Xaov,

xagogav evxevB-ev Jtaga
have
seen,
c.

d'Eq>

xag

laOEtg^. in

The Hypomnesticon of Josephus, which
tells

chapter 120, as

we

of Hezekiah 's revision of Solomon's proverbs,

says in

74,

eIA Se xal Exsgot jiXelCxol Xoyoi, ovg djtExgvipEv
EJtl

6 svaE^fjg ^aOiXEvg 'E^sxlag, ov6ev o^EXog
Cd-at Xbyoig^.

JtoXXotg EvglaxE-

The account given by Georgius Monachus of Solomon's wisdom combines part of the Eusebian quotation with express
1
bacher,

B 376f., P BLg 339
ff.

200,

V

160.
s.

See Gelzer, Sext. Jul. A/r, II 176—249, Krumv. ^JE^sxiaq.
is
is

2 Lex.

3
a.

PG

89 592 Df.

;

cf.

supra

p.

96 f

106 89 C. C. 74, -whicli deeds of Old Testament characters,

4

PG

in a part of the
itself

work

that recounts the

record of the reign of Solomon.

Suppression of Solomoii's books.

99

indication of its origin, with extracts

from Theodoret and Flavius
practically

Josephus,
repeats

as

we have

seen^.

Georgius Cedrenus

Monachus, but with the addition of a clause ^t^Xiov

.HoXoiimvtog la^axriQiov Jtavrog Jtdd'ovg eyxexoZafiftspoi^j apP^" rently borrowed from Syncellus or Suidas; he mentions no
authority
2.

Glycas presents on the whole an independent account
activities,

of Solomon's wisdom and literary

but like Anastasius,

he appeals to the authority of Eusebius; he says, rag zov UoXo(imvrog ^l^Xovg,

a^ mv

xdi ol rcov laxQmv jcaldeg rag ag)OQ(iag

Ejia^op .... JcaQct 6s 'E^sxlov xsxav0d-ai g)rj(iiv 6 jtoXvfiad'Tjg xal

Is this

appeal to the authority of Eusebius deceptive.?

We

may not be sure of the date of the Quaestiones of Anastasius in their present form, but, whoever the writer of Quaest XII is, he quotes accurately from Theodoret, and from a lost work of
Hippolytus.
Is

not the presumption in favor of accepting his
is

testimony regarding Eusebius, and supposing that he

quoting

from some lost work of the great historian^?
should

That Eusebius

view

make such a statement cannot seem at all strange in of the reference by Origen to "a Salomone scrip tis ad-

jurantionibus"^
4)

One

further reference to the tradition that Hezekiah took

summary measures with Solomon's medico-magical
of particular Test
(c.

writings

is

interest
I

to us,

since

it

is

found
its

in

Rec.

C

of the
If this

XIII

12) and,

indeed, forms
its

raison d'etre.
is

1 discover no
related to

marks

to

indicate

date;

the quotation above

more closely

Glycas than Georgius Monachus, yet the similarity
of literary method.
4),

may be due merely

to likeness

1 Chron, II 42

FG no
their

2

FG

121 200 B, 224 C.

pression of the

books in

249 B, sec 273 B; cf. supra p. 96. Both Monachus and Cedrenus mention the supaccounts of Solomon and again under Hezekiah.

of

^ FG 158 348 Df. 4 Although no "archaeological history" by Eusebius is known to historians Christian literature, Bonwetsch, in his chapter on "Die vomicanische Litt. in

Hamack, Altchr. Lit. I 900, mentions a Russian MS in the Moscow (cod. 339 [looi] 40 s; 17, f. 310) which has "Eusebeios(?) PamphUos, aus der Archaeologie{?)," and strangely enough it begins, "Das Buch aber des Salome, welches von den Sprichwortem handelt." It at 5 See above, VIII 3 a), p. 94. least has some mention of Solomon.
altslav.

HSS."

in

Synodal library

at

7*

100

Solomonic books in manuscripts.

was in the Mishna, there were plenty of channels through which redacteur C might have obtairied it. Yet the .mention of ^burning" and "hiding" (c. XIII 4, 8f.) suggests that Rec. C comes from the time of Cedrenus and Glycas, for the earlier writers do not use the word
legend was already found in Eusebius, as
it

Solomonic books of incantations in the Middle Ages. Solomonic books of magic and astrology found in meIn spite of these records of the sad fate diaeval manuscripts.
d)
i)

of Solomon's medico-magical literary tinued to flourish.
article,

efforts,

such books conhis

The long

lists

given by M. Seligsohn in

"Solomon-Apocryphal Works", in the Jewish Encyclopedia is by no means exhaustive. Indeed Solomon's reputation became such that any thing connected with magic or astrology or science might be ascribed to him ^ The most popular of the works which are consistently handed down under his name is the Clavicular or ^FyQO[iavvsla, as some of the Greek copies have it. The two are not exactly the same, but along with the Sepher Rasiel 2, the Semiphoras ^, and others of the sort, are of a well marked type. They consist mainly of prayers and incantations intended to accomplish various purposes, usually by

The prayers are usually interlarded with barbaric names, and there are many pentacles, or magical drawings, each of which gives power over the demon to which it belongs, or serves as an amulet for some specific purpose. Lists of the angels and demons who rule the days and hours
commanding demonic
aid.

are given.

None
from them

of these works

is

like the

Test

It is

much

older in
differs

language than any of the Greek works of
all

this sort,

'and

as to purpose; for, aside

from Rec. C, which has

1 See above II 4, 8, 10, 11, pp. 13 and p. n. i. i8f., 2iff, 25ff. Professor von Dobschiitz in a personal note first called my attention to the fact that in the Ambrosiana the PhyHologus of Aristotle is ascribed to Solomon; Cat, Codd^
Gr, Bibl.

Ambr.

I 104, cod. 89, 183.

In Lambros, Cat. of the

MSS
the

on Mt. Atkos
Clavicula
cf.

are illustrations of this, see Pinax
Reitzenstein, Foim, i86f.,

A;

s.

v. 2!oXofiO)Vi?e^.

On

and Steins chneider, Heb. Ob. 938. 3 Scheibel, Das Kloster 2 See Steinschneider, op, cit. 937.

III,

289 fF.

Solomonic books in

use.

lOI

drawn upon them

in part,

the Test

is

interested in the

demons
that

primarily as the causes of disease.
their nature, relationships,

The

writer wishes to disclose
for the

and activmes

same reason

a doctor studies diseases, that he

may

counteract them.

These
in fact

other

books are technical works
showing any medical

for the professional astrologer

and magician,
rarely

not concerned with the cure of diseases,
interest,

but anxious rather to show

how the demons may be used to gain wealth, power, and hapThe list of fifty demons in Rec. C (c. X) is charactepiness. With it compare the list of ristic of this type of literature. thirty-six decani in Recs. A and B (XVIII) to gain a sharp defWhen, therefore, the Christian writers inition of the contrast. refer to a Solomonic "book of healing" they are not thinking of the Clavicular nor of any of the similar works. The Test is Having thus the one Solomonic work which fits the term.
cleared

the way,

we

are ready

to

consider the evidence that
actually in use during the

goes to

show

that such a

book was

Middle Ages.
2)

Literary references to contemporaneous Solomonic me-

dical

works.

The citations above which mention medico-magical books Solomon might be supposed not to imply first hand knowledge of any such works. There are others, however, which
(a)

of

.

show that they were well known. Following the brief quotation
given

above ^ the Hypomnesticon continues, xovq 6\ Saiiiovcov
xal jtaB-mv iargcxovg, xal xXsJixciv ^cogarcxovg
lovdaltDv dyvgrai utag
ol

BTtipBVTCttxovq,

[Xoyovg]

rcov

iavxoiq

(pvXaCCovCiv

SM(ie2.60TaTaf
liivcov

rwv

3tt6rwv rr^q aylaq BxocXi]olag xovtotq ov xexQ£-

6ia TO tfi Xgicxov jtiorec xad-odiovv savtovq 6e6c6ax^ctt. The man who wrote this is not depending upon what he has
read,

but
is

describes

There

no reason

why

what he knows of personal observation. such a sentence could not have been
is

written in the fifth century.
(b)

The next

allusion

equally direct and unambiguous.

Nicetas Acominatus,

or Choniates,

who was

a

high

official at

1 See above VIII 3 c)

3), p.

I02

Solomonic books in use.

the Byzantine .court about

personal recollections

1,

1200 and wrote his History from knew an interpreter and sycophant at

the court,

Aaron by name, who was also a magician. He relates of him, %aXm 61 xa\ ^i^lov HoXoficovrscov aveXixtwv ^rig dva:^xv6aofi8VTj T€ xal 6eaQXOft£V7]
Otrjai
TO.

xara XayeSvag 6vXXsy£L xal xaQil(p

daifiovia Cv^vaxiq dvajtvvdavofiEva,

orcp JtQoGxixal

xXr]vrai'

xal

to

ijnrarrofiEVov ejcLOJiEvdovra jtsgarovv,

jtQo&vfia)g Sqcovto to xeXevofievov^.

This describes accurately
of fifty

parts

of the ^FygofzavTEia and
in

the Latin Clavicula^ as well as
list

the

new material

Rec. C.

The

demons
in certain

(c.

intended to accomplish just the end of calling

X) is demons

and the hosts they command, while

Tzamal uses almost the language of Nicetas in describing the obedience Solomon may expect 3. It is no doubt a book of this sort, not the Test^ which Aaron used, for no mention is made of healing.
Paltiel
(c)

Michael Glycas, in the passage already referred to ^, has
separate discussion, because
is

a description of Solomon's magical books which

ved
his

for

in

it

we have reserhe takes a path of
ETed-rj

own. His statement
Xl&oov ....

as follows: k^>v<SLo'Xoyr\6E de 2oXofimp
6atfiopa>v
e16£€Ii

xal jteqI

dXXa xal nEQi
eyQaips^

^i^Xlov

avTOv, o^icog xe xaTayovTac, xal ev oXotq
dh

<palvovrat^ <pv6£ig
Jtcaq

Tovrcov xal

IdtoTfixaq

jtmg te deCfiovvTat xal

EiKpiXo'/WQOvvTEq djtoXvovTai,

od^EV ^igya tovTOtg ax^oq)OQa exe-

xaTTEV,
ax^f]

vXoTOfiEtp

T£,

cog loyoqj

rjvdyxa^By

xal xaTWfiadbv ra
rj

(pEQEtv

jtaQE^ia^ETo,

cpdrjxoTa te (SjtXdyxvcc

EJtcpdalg

rj

PoTavaig
TCOV VJtEQ

JiegeTid-Elg kd-EQajiEVCEV.
Trjg

aXX o yE

d-sTog EC,Exiag d-Ew

Eavxov avaTtd-slg xal jtdvra
<pvOtV

exeZ&ep :JtQovoiag

s^agrrjOag

TW

^oXoflCOPTt g)lXo0Og)7]d'EPTG)V
is

CO hyWQTjCtEP^

This ^i^klop

JtEQl daiiLopcov

the Test in everything but name.

The

latter is

throughout concerned with bringing down demons;

their forms, natures,

and

peculiarities are

most
is

carefully described.

One

of the chief purposes of the
in

work

to tell

how they

are

discovered

their
is

lurking

places

A

special

feature

the labor to

and bound or destroyed. which each demon is con-

1 Krumbacher,

BLg 281—6.
4 Cf. supra

2 Migne,
p.

PG

139 489

A

(=:

P

95).

3 Rec.

C XII

4f.

95 and p. 96 n. 4; Migne,

PG

158 349 B.

^

The

title

Testament.

105

demned, one of the most striking instances being that of Leontophoron, who is sentenced to the task of cutting wood for the

Templet Cures by the means Glycas mentions are to be found One cannot avoid the conclusion that it is the Test which is
here

described,

either

some popular account 3.
not trouble us
4.

from Glycas' own knowledge, or after That he does not name the title need
In the Decretum Gelasiainterdiction or as

(d) The next allusion is dubious. num mention is made of a Salomonis

the later
line as

texts

have

it

contradiction.

In

\h.t

Decretum
is

in the

next

a separate item

and

in the Collectio

Herovalliana

in the

same

and the following lines
contain
Isidor,

mention

made

oi phylacteria, which
In pseudo-

the

names, not of angels, but of demons.

de Muneris,

a line intervenes between the contradictio

and phylacteria. Probably, therefore, the two are distinct works,

and the second

by

seals

no doubt the Clavicular which is characterized and amulets. We must at least postulate the possibility
is

that

the
is

interdictio

is

the

Test,

since
titles^.

in this sort of literature
It is

there

a tendency to assimilate

entirely possible,
in the

however, that the Test never

West
In

to call for

became sufficiently known a pronouncement against it.
notice

(e)

The most important
61

we have

reserved to the
the
Christian

last.

the

Dialogue of Timothy and Aquila
lovdaie,

says,

Fvmd^i
fitfgpagev

on

[2!oXofimv]

JtQOOexvvrjOav ^
replies,

xai

dxgida

rolg

yXvjtxolq.

The Jew

ovx

Idpa^sv akXa

tavra Je ov jieqiex^i ^ ^l^Xoq Twv ^aCiXicov, dX2^ sv t^ diad-rix^ avrov yiyqanxau The Christian accepts the correction: kv xovxm yag eaT?]v JitCrojtoiwv, on ovx ev X^^Q^ l€lTOQiOYQdg)ov efpavEQcod-r] rovro, dXX' hx rov
ed-Xaasv kv rfl l^^Q^ dxovolix>g.
1 C.

XI

7.

2 C.

XVm 29,

15, etc.

3 Glycas names Psellus as authority for the "contemning" of the books of In this Solomon; probafcly he means Eusebius, cf. supra p. 97 and n. 4, account Glycas is true to the character Krumbacher [BLg 380—5) gives him as
being- a popular, rather

than a learned, writer.

4 See below
etc.."

(e).

5 Cf. E. von Dobschiitz, "Das Decretum Gel.
84, U.

TU

(1912) 13, U.

332—5,

242—5; cf. p. 319. 6 See James in TSll 2 p. 9 on the
ii2f., 74,
11.

convertibility of the titles "testament"

and "apocalypse."

104

Christian use of the Testament.

is

arofiazog avrov tov CoXofiSvrog syvcod-r] rovto K of value, not -only for the sake of the help

This allusion
is

gives us in
dis-

dating the

Test,

as

we

shall see in the

next section of our

and from the reference to the locusts we can be sure beyond a doubt that it is our Test to which reference is made; we also see that the Test was held in high honor in Christian circles.
cussion, but also because the title appears here^
(f)

Summary:

the Christian use of the

Testament.

One

might expect to find more allusions to the Test in early Christian literature and more evidence of its use. But it was one
of those
attracting

books

which

circulated

among
it

the people without

literary attention.

Moreover,

represents a passing,

though very important, phase of theological development. As the
world became more and more Christianized,
it

could not but
in

prove unsatisfactory to Christian thinking, even

the revised

form of Rec. B, and

come
Aquila,

the fatal

had no vital attraction which could overweakness of its inconsistent combination of pait

ganism and
in

Christianity.

The
its

allusions

to

it

in

Timothy and
all

the Hypomnesticon, and in Glycas are
character^.

we

could

rightly expect in view of

1 F. C. Conybeare, Anecdota Oxon. Classical

ser.

VIII

70.

2 In connection with the
literature is perfectly familiar
of.

title

diaO^XJ]

it

should be noted that magical

with a covenant which S. made with the demons;

Gr. (1892) 87 dtaS^XTjv ^v ^Q-evto [daifioveg] inl fxsydkov SoXofxaJvOQ Hal Mixai^Xov tov ^QyuyyeXov^ the same is quoted by Wessely, Wiener Siudien VIII (1886) 179; see Atti e Memorie della RR, DeRet), des Et.

Schlumberger in

V

puiazioni di Storia per

le

provincie

deW
is

Emilia, N.

S.,

1880, p. 177, Pellichioni,

"Un

filaterio esorcistico"; it

vol. V, Part I, Modena was copied by Amati from

a gold plate in a dealers shop,
reference to their oath.

and

now
^

lost.

Vasiljev, Anecdota^ 332, has a

Bezold,

ZA XX

—4

(Aug. 1907) pp. 405 f., gives "Eine

arab. Zauberformel gegen Epilepsie," from the margin of ff. 24b~27a of cod. (113) Sachau 199 (Konigl. Bibl. Berlin) which mentions the contract between Solomon and the devils. Strangely Fiirst translated the title Bund Salomos\ cf. supra p. 28f. 3 One gathers a wrong impression from Dr. Conybeare's note {JQ.R XI 32,

§ 65) to c. XV 8— n: "This prophecy roughly corresponds to the one which Lactantius, InstiL Div.^ lib. iv. t. 18, quotes from an apocryphal Book of Solomon.'" Even more misleading is another statement {/^/(2f. 11): "The apocryphal Book of Solomon, used by Lactantius in his Institutions^ was so far Christian as to speak both of the birth from a virgin of Emmanuel and of the crucifixion." But the passage he evidently refers to (c. 18 32 f., Vienna Corpm XIX 359 f.) is
n. 6 to

Date of the Testament.

IO5

IX.

THE DATE OF THE TESTAMENT Af^D
I.

ITS

RECENSIONS.

Previous opinions as to date.

cument on the linguistic
sources
It .will

Having studied our doand material sides and investigated its

and relationships, we are prepared to attempt to date it. be an advantage first to summarize previous opinion on
Fleck regarded the Test as a Byzantine work belonging
Likewise

this

point.
a)

to
his

the Middle Ages, but

conclusion
it

1.

advanced no arguments to substantiate Istrin, who discovered MS D and re(c.

cognized
longing

as the basis of the Test, regarded the latter as be-

to

the

Middle Ages
2,

1200),

though containing pre-

Christian elements
b)

century,

Bornemann concluded that it belonged to the early fourth since its demonology resembled that of Lactantius in
\

his Institutions

Toy

accepts this verdict without investigation*.
in this fashion:

Harnack merely refers to the Test
'Testamente', so das

"Verschiedene

des Salomo, deren Alter nicht zu bestim-

und die vielleicht gar nicht in die ersten Jahrh. gehoren"^, Schiirer makes no attempt to fiK the date, but thinks the passage ^from Leontius is especially to be considered in this connection 6. c) After careful investigation Dr. Conybeare concludes, "It is impossible to say when and where the Christian elements present in the Testament were worked into it, but the stress
ist,

men

only a loose
persecuti

epitome of

HI Reg IX 6—93,

"with the addition
et

of the phrase

*'et

sunt
(zdid.

regem suum dilectissimuni

cruciauerunt ilium in humilitate

It may well come from some Christian apop. 360, II. 32 ff.). Roensch supposed) which summarized O. T. history, or even from a Sook of Solomon^ but it can hardly have any connection with the Test. In humilitate magna does not necessarily imply the virgin birth, while in ultionetn

magna"

cryphon

(as

.

sanctae crucis

{ibid, p.

359,

1.

10)

presents an anti-Semitism to -which our docu-

ment has no parallel.
1 "Kst

aetatem

hie

hoc monumentum Byzantinum .... Per mediam vero, quae dicitur, liber late sparsus in mythologiae Salomoneae fonte est habitus.''

Quoted from Fleck's preface in Migne,

PG

I22y

1315.

2j?r. Spis^z Zab. SoL, i8f. _ 3 In introduction to his translation,

cf.

Bibliography II

i.

4

JE

XI 448 f.,
work on

art. "Sol.,

Testament of." 5 Gesch,

He

evidently

knows nothing of

Conybeare's

the Test,

altchr. Lift, I 858.

6

GJV

III 419; cf. supra

VII 8 c),

p.

76.

I06
laid

Date of the Testament.

on the name Emmanuel and on its numerical value, on the writing of the name on the forehead, the use of the word ravvod^slg, the patripassian conceptions, all have a very archaic air, and seem to belong to about loo A. D." "In its original [Jewish] form" it may be "the very collection of incantations which, according to Josephus, was composed and bequeathed by Sol-

omon" i.

Kohler accepts Conybeare's results and, as we have
our document as representing pre-TalSalzberger adopts
the views of Kohler

already seen, regards

mudic demonology^. and Conybeare^.

2. Conclusions. Which of these dates can we adopt? Unfortunately there are in the work no historical allusions which can aid us. Yet one piece of external evidence immediately

proves the late date adopted by Fleck and
I

Istrin untenable,

mean, of course, the mention of the Test in the Dialogue of Timothy and Aquila ^- Conybeare's manuscript of the Dialogue belongs to the twelfth century, and he says of the work, "The
title

affixed to

TA

describes the debate as having taken place
Cyril,
foil.

in

the

days of Archbishop
to the Trinity in

and to
v*^,

this date

belong the

allusions
title

really
its

But this no more than marks the time at which the work
75
loi v^,

103

r**.

assumed
older ^.

present form."

The

materials

are in part much>

Since,

however,

we have no way

of proving that the

allusion to the Test belongs to the older stratum, our terminus

ad
is

quern must be set about the time of Cyril (died 444), that
at 400.

As

to

^^ terminus a

quo

we must conclude

that

it is

100 A. D., regarding

at which

date Dr. Conybeare would place the
still

Test^

the Jewish original as
as

earlier.

the

"Jewish original" was a
to

But what Conybeare regards book of incantations, while we

have found the original
cisms,
as

MS D
work 6.
XI
12.

Christian
1

be only a story containing no exorshows, and the Test as such to have been a The book which Eleazar in Josephus* story
2

JQR

JE

IV

578, art.

"Demonology."
n. 2.
p.

3 Salomosage

10.

4

Cf. supra
cit.

Vlllsd)

2) (e), p.
cf.

103.

5 op.

XI,

XXXIV;

also

LVI
13,

6 Cf. supra VII

15, p. SyflF.,

VII

85,

IV

2, p. 32.

Date and provenience of the Testament.

I07

used
it

may be

represented by the Hygromanteia^ or Clavicular
for a

cannot have been the Test,
is
it

Jew would not have used
have been written so

such a Christian work, nor
early.

likely to

Can we now date our document more precisely within the We are left to depend upon general limits 100—400 A. D.? considerations of language and subject matter. In view of the
lateness of
linguistic
a

our manuscripts
but,

evidence,

as

we cannot be absolutely sure of the we have seen, it seems to point to
in full

time

when

the Koine

was

sway, after the

New

Testa-

ment was written ^, which merely confirms the general conclusion

we have already reached.

As

to the type of thought

and the materials entering

into

the work,

we come

to

conclusions differing from Conybeare's.

The items upon which he most rehes are found to belong to a
^secondary recension.
:

have explained,

The relation to the New Testament we by supposing the Test to depend, not upon preGospel Synoptic tradition, but upon imperfect, perhaps auricular,

knowledge of the written Gospels 2.
stone 3,
Christ as the corner-stone

The

allusion to the corner

which might seem to imply a date before the idea of

became common

Christian property,

proves nothing, for in the fourth and the sixth century
the

we have
to

applicaton

of the

same Old Testament passages
Rec.

an

actual
stianity

corner stone*.

B

belongs to the time

when

Chri-

age of Alexander Severus
Christ,

was conuqering the world, but the original Test to the and his lararium with Apollonius, Abraham, and Orpheus on an equal footing ^ As Conyits

beare well shows,

demonology
6.

is

much

like that

which Celsus

and Origen

described

As

it

appears to the writer, without
the
conditions of language and

attempting to be too precise,

1 Cf. supra

V 4,
7f.,

p. 40.

2 See quotations above,

IX

i c),

p.

106 n.

i,

and VII
p. 68.

11, p. 82f.,

8a), p. 68.

3 C. XXII

XXIII

2—4,

cf.

supra VII 8a),

XIV (1903) 528, "The Stone which the Builders Rejected," 4 Nestle, quoting the Pilgrim of Bordeaux and Antonius of Piacenza from "Itinera Hierosolymitana," ed P. Geyer, in vol. XXXVIII of the Vienna Corpus, pp. 23, 173,
5 Cf.

ExT

mpra VII

15, p. 87.

'

6 JQ,R XI

7ff.,

i2fF.

I08

I>ate

and provenience of the Testament.

and subject matter are best met by supposing the Test to have been written early in the third century. Josephus 3. Date of the original Jewish ground work. shows that ideas of Solomon's character and his dealings with demons such as are found in d (the prototype of MS D and the

Tesi)

were

common among

the Jews already in the

first

century

A. D., although they do not appear in the Talmud third century^. Therefore d may be as early as the
tury of the Christian
era.

until the
first

cen-

At

present our data allow no more

precise date.
4.
little

Date of the Recensions.
original,

Rec. A, which
trifling

differs

but
witii

from the

probably underwent

changes

every transcription.

The concluding
For
in
fifth

sections

long to Byzantine times.

MS L
century,

the

(XXVI 8 10) besame man was proRec.

bably editor and copyist,
belong to the fourth or

mediaeval times.

B may

well

when

Christianity was

conscious of her conquest of the world, and her theology was

being carefully formulated.

Rec. C,

although

probably

con-

taining very old material, presents also

Middle Ages, and
thirteenth century.

is

apparently not
it 2,

much that smacks of the much older than the manu-

scripts that preserve

It

may

well belong 'to the twelfth or

X.
I.

AUTHORSHIP AND PROVENIENCE.

Authorship: Opinions.

As

to the kind of individual

who wrote

the Test there are at least four possibilities: he

may

have been either a Jew or a Christian; if a Jew, either Aramaic or Greek speaking; if a Christian, either Jewish or Greek in Gaster believes that originally the Test was written in origin.

Aramaic 3.

Harnack*, Conybeare, and Kohler^ think
92 f.

it

to be

1 Salzberger, Salomosage

2 3

Cf.

supra VII
1896
p.

12, p. 83

and VIII 3c)
it

4), p. 99.

JAS

155, 170.
is

4

Gesck. altchr. Lit. I 858;

included under "die von den Christen an-

geeignete

und z. Th. bearbeitete jiidische Litteratur." 5 See IX ib), c) p. 105 and ns. i f .^ p. 106.

Provenience.

109

a

Christian

revision

of a Jewish work.
is

Toy

concludes,

"the
1.

author of the
Schiirer

Testament
it

a Greek

speaking Jewish Christian"

held
it 2.

to

be the work of a Christian with "no Jewish

places" in
2.

Authorship: Conclusions.

— We
was
d^

have found Gaster's

as-

sumption of an Aramaic original untenable^.
render the opinion that the
impossible.

Our new

materials

Test

originally Jewish likewise

Only the ground work,
certain

which was not a "testa-

ment",
author,

and
then,

of the materials were Jewish 4.

Was

the
final

a Christian of Jewish or Gentile origin?

A

answer can hardly be given.
of Jewish

On

the one hand, the

abundance
into

material and the Jewish trust in angel names, on the
plainly Christian

other
the

the

and heathen elements worked

warp and woof of the document point in opposite directions.
if

However,
there
the
is

the date for which

we have

just

argued

is

correct,

no reason

why

a Greek Christian should not have written

whole work, for he would be heir of both Jewish and Gentile

materials
bine

and much more
in his faith
s.

likely

than a Jewish Christian to com-

them

In the third century also Christian Jews

would be few.

The

probabilities, therefore, are in favor of

Greek

Christian authorship.
3.

Provenience.
to

So

far

as

I

am

aware,

no one has
ancient world

attempted
the

decide

from

what part of the
suggest

Test

came

perhaps wisely, for no certain conclusion can
regions

be

reached.

Three
if

themselves:
is

Palestine,

Egypt, and
first,

the province of Asia.

Much
Galilee,

in

favor

of the

particularly

one think of
the
closest

Hellenism

were

in

contact,

where Judaism and and where Christia-

nity took its rise and won its first conquests^. Again, as we have seen, some of the materials come from Egypt,

and

some appear

in

Ethiopia,

which was Christianized from

1

JE

XI

449.

2 Th.
p.

Litztg.

XXIV

(1898) 4, col2

"On. 6, p.

3 See above

V 6f.,

42 f,

4 See above IX

and

106.
at Miletus,

5 See Deissmann's argument regarding the archangel inscription

G See above VI[6e),

p.

65

f.

no
Egypt name
^,

Provenience.

while the only early literary allusion to the work by
'-2.

Egyptian One would think that the sand storm demon, Lix Tetrax, had originated in a land like Palestine or Egypt, where such storms were familiar phenomenal Yet from
is

see that "Asia" was probably as much a center Agypt, and if its climate had permitted, we should no doubt have an abundance of magical papyri from

Ac XIX

19

we

of magic

as

that region also.

Against Palestine

is

the

fact that its popular Christianity

was no doubt Aramaic rather than Greek speaking, while the Test, which is not the work of a leader in the church but of some uninstructed individual, is nevertheless thoroughly Greek
in
its

language and

much
is

of

its

material.

Against Egypt the

strongest

argument

the

absence of Gnostic influence and
decisive objections appear^.
in

of specific resemblances to the magic papyri. Against Ephesus
or

some part of "Asia" no
are

In

its

favor

the only two
°.

geographical terms

the document,

Lydia and Olympus
receives
as
its

The very

fact

that the sand storm

name two of the Ephesia

grammata
currents

points

very weakly, to be sure

in

the same direction.
for
all

Like Egypt,
of ancient

Asia was
thought.

a

meeting

place

the

We
seems

are dealing only with probabilities; in a
all

work

that bor-

rows so impartially from

lands,

to the writer, the probabilities are to

no marks are decisive. As it be ranged in ascen-

ding order, Galilee, Egypt, Asia.

more

light

is

thrown upon

the

Farther one cannot go until whole subject of demonology,

magic, and astrology, as well as on Christian origins.
1

Hamack, Mission and Expansion
70.

II 179,

but see above VII 8 b), p. 68 f.,

VII

9, p.

2 Dial, of Tim. and Aquila^ see above VIII 3d)
p.

2) (e),

p.

103

f.

and IX

2,

106.
4:

3

C. VII.
is

Perhaps because Asian magic material

scant.
=>

Gnosticism was

there,

but less vigorous.

The Milesian

inscription offers
c.

point of contact.
to Greece,

5 That
Cf. I

is,

outside Palestine;

VIII 4;
is

Olympus might point
Is it

but other reason sare lacking.

Where

the "great mountain"?

Hermon?

En VI

4,

Montgomery,

AITN

126.

Provenience.

Ill

4.

Provenience of the recensions.
of Recs.

As

to the place

of

origin

A

and B
Rec.

I

see

conclusion,

unless
its

B may be

no possibility of arriving at a thought of as western on
seal,

account of

western form of Solomon's

the pentagram K

The manuscripts of Rec. C are so thoroughly Italian that one is tempted to suppose the recension originated in Greek-speaking
southern Italy.
but

MS D

is,

as

we have

seen, Byzantine in origin \

whether from Asia Minor or Europe one cannot say.
1 See above VII 14, p. 86.

2 See above

V

i,

p. sSf.

APPENDIX.
A. Manuskript

N

with a

list

of variant readings,

N. Library of the Greek Patriarchate, Jerusalem, Sancti Saba, No. 422; or XVI cent, paper, cm. iixiS;

XV

beginning and end of codex lacking; as recently numbered,
ff.

49^
I

— 93^.

Catalogue, vol. B, p. 541

1;

This manuscript 1920

discovered while spending the winter

oi

American School of Oriental Research. I had called for the codex to examine the imperfect copy of the Narratio losephi with which it begins, but in leaving it through came suddenly upon the familiar matter oi the Test As the first page of the latter is wanting, the title did not get into the catalogue. Indeed the codex is so abominably
in Jerusalem as fellow of the

— 21

written that a

number of

its

selections are not mentioned.
e

As now bound
ginning with C.I 4 2.

sheets a

contain the Narratio losephi^ besubject

Then begins a new
but similar hand.

and a new
sheet a and

numbering,

in a smaller

Of

this

two leaves of /9 remain. With sheet y the second page of the Test begins and it ends on f. 5^ of sheet 9/. F. 88 I found folded into the latter part of the codex. The missing first page evidently was the last of sheet ^ and in rebinding was lost. The leai'ned author of the catalogue remarks that the copy
of the Narratio losephi
is

Xlav avoQd-oyQaKpov*

It is

even more

1 %goooXvfjttTixr} pL^Xio9^^xtj, Iqxot xaxaXoyoq zcov iv xaXq ^i^kiod-^xaig vnd A. xov ayiordtov anoaroXixov d-^ovov zu)v IsQoaoXvficov xwdlxwv
.
.

.

.

.

.

UanuSonovXov

KeQafiSCog,

4

vols. Petrograd 1899.

2 Tischendorf, Evangelia apocrypha,

ed. alt. Leipzig,

1876, p. 461.

Manuscript N.

IIJ

understood Greek very had before him a manuscript which he read with the greatest difficulty, but which he tried to copy accurateLy. The result is a manuscript which often makes
true

of the

Test.

The
is

copyist

either

imperfectly, or,

what

more

likely,

no sense at

all.

Not only

are there occasional mistakes of haplo-

graphy and dittography and constant iotacism, but cases and
endings are constantly confused,

words are wrongly combined

and divided, and

all

rules of accentuation are repeatedly broken.

all, v is added to almost any word ending in a vowel even introduced within words. and Nevertheless, since we already have excellent manuscripts

Worst of

of the Test^ this

one proves to have considerable value,
first

for,

aside

from the missing
It

page,

it

contains a complete text of Rec. B.

adds another witness to the long section cc,
is

XIV

3

— XVI

i,

which

wanting in
in cc.

all

manuscripts but P.
XIII
3^ 6,

It

has the longer

form of
18, 23,

P

IX

7,

XI

6,

XVI

4f.,

2^U

31, 42f.,

XX

4, 6,
3fTf.,

8 (in part), 13, 15,

and XXV, N where it introduces a numerical equi.valent for a sacred name (VI 8, XI 6, XIII 6, XV 11), and in all the passages where P improves the theology of the TesU especially XIII 3, XVII 4, and XXII 20. This is sufficient to prove
XXIII 4
(in part),

XXIV

XVII 1,4, XVIII 4, XXII 3, 8, li, 20, follows P in every

one of the four instances

that

it

belongs to the

B

recension.

However, in a considerable number of instances
support P.

N

does not
e. e.

In

a

very few cases

N

follows

Q
C

against P,
against B,

g.

XX 13. In a number of places V 4f. In VII 5 it follows C in a
often

it

supports

g.
It

few words which P omits.
II 3, III 5,

XXII 11, 12, but especially in c. XVIII, where it repeats the peculiar word ^/g, or ^i!g, though often corrupting it In VI 4—9, where P makes
confirms
the
text

of A,

e. g.

numerous additions for the purpose of reconstructing the theology and perfecting the
the

demonology of the
It
is

section,

N

follows

A

recension in

the main.

certainly

much, nearer the
jtevrrjocri,

original
ocal

than P,

but in some expressions, such as

ov

^7jq}og xi^6

and

x\q xg>v xaXcbg C^wvxcov,
it

it

prepares the

for P.

In
9:

II 8, also,

and in passages
UNT.

like

11

seems a step nearer the original i and 3 {xal Xe^ofisvog) it suggests
8

way than P

McCown.

.

1

14

Manuscript N.

the error which led to diverse corruptions in the different recensions.

The most important
to

contribution
is

made by

the manuscript

the text of the

Test
I

seems so prolix that

concluding sections. Here H had lost faith in it and chosen the B text
in the

Manuscript N, however, coincides with H in part and thus shows that P and Q represent an unduly abas nearer the original.
this and a few other instances, where the was evenly balanced, N has served as additional weight to tip the scales in favor of a reading I had put into the margin or has suggested a new reading. These emendations will be found on page 121*

breviated

text

In

textual evidence

Manuscript

N

makes

certain

additions of

its

own,

e.

g. in

XVIII

16, 22,

and

XXVI
in

5.

None

of them are such as to indicate

additional

knowledge

matters demonological or magical.
size or interest is in c.
is

The

only one of any considerable

XVIII, where

each of the thirty-six decani
tic

equated with ten days of a Cop-

month ^.
it

The

copyists have not understood the intention of

the interpolator and have confused and corrupted his statements,

but

is

quite easy to reconstruct the entire scheme. This matter

adds another connection between the Test and Egypt, but since
there
it
it.

is

not the slightest trace of it in any of the other manuscripts,

is

quite impossible to suppose that the original Test contained

It

rather shows what

we might have expected had

the Test

come from Egypt. The chief textual
then, are the
list

fruits

of the discovery of manuscript N,

of emendations already mentioned and the con-

firmation of the strange

word qv^
lies in its

in c.

XVIII.

But the greatest
of the general

value of the manuscript

corroboration

scheme of recensions and manuscript
ted.

relationships already adop-

The

fact that

it fits

in so well

goes

far to
will

support the con-

fidence

that

any subsequent discoveries
of variant readings

not invalidate the

conclusions reached in the Introduction.

The

list

appended

will

illustrate

the

character of the manuscript and give the basis for the emenda1 See Intro, above pp. 57 ff.

N

5

Lectiones variae ex

MS

N.

1 1

tions

suggested.

Variations merely of spelling, order, and steresljtov,

otyped phrases, such as xal
where they confirmed

some disputed reading

have been passed by. Only or were different

enough to be of valye in determining manuscript relationships have they been noted. Otherwise it would have been necessary
to print

the entire manuscript.

corrected

when
is

it

Even the orthography has been was too misleading. Except where some other

manuscript

specifically indicated,

N

has been collated with

P.

Lectiones variae ex
cum
Incipit
\

MS N
B
1.

(=Sancti Saba 422)

Rec.

comparatae.
1
rffg

MS N
6.

(f.

49^)

c. I 5,

p. 10*,

yjvx^g

(+

avtov) i^OfioXo-

hoyovfxevoq vvxzbq x, fifXSQaq

7iQ0OSQX£OTe xaS'^ exdozijv ^ixe3: t^v Qav xal idod'i] 6 ;^«(>t? B, §7-7 2JoL ^aaiXtvq viov 9 rce Tf ... a^a. x. 01x06. xbv vadv xov xvqIov iv t^ G(pQayl6i xam'^ (om. glos. de anuli signo) U. 2 5 ixdXeaev § 8. p. 11*, 1. 1 yevofi. ndXtv tdo^. ^6 TtaiSaQiov 6 aoX. x. sSwxsv avtov xbv daxxvXidiov xal (p'^aaq avibv idv
I

OH

N

§

iyevero

—N

cum rec. B N 4 |Ue

2
|

fxoi B,

om.

N

3 i^ovcid-

\

flfiEQav

iniax^ xb

,

.

.

6ax.

[f.

49^

8

sXa^ov naQd xvqiov

x. Mixcc^jX

xov aQX-

'xal

Xafi^dvvoL

xb itedaQiOV xb Sax. x. <pdaag xb

;i;o;Af7r^v

Saifiovtov Q-^xpaq
\

x6 Sax. Inol xov ax^d-oq
xal firjSev

6iaXoyit,6f^evoq
QtiQ-svxa
I
I

§11.
^.
.

1.

3 T«

.

SoX.
(f.

—N
|

§ 12.

6 TtaQayevov avxov xov SaifiovLov Xiycov dev^o xb fieXXo aoi <pQdae § 10. p. 12*, 1 <pX^yov 5 xal 4 ^nl xov ax^&ovq t. dalfiovoq ^ota. 2oX. 6 nsTiolijxaq 7 s. xal xal elnev 6 6. xb nedd^iov
'

Sojao)
,(sic

50^) aoi xb d^y.
ix^

passim)

§ 13. 1. 10 laSga-^X y^q xal f/^ dn, fie cum A aov dvd^ofxsv os dydyo) § 14. 1- 12 x^^Q^"^ ^- ^yccXbfievoq
. .

.

|

X. e'Itcs x<p
X.
^,

^aaiXet' ^aa,

SoX

p. 13*,

1.

1 T^fuv SiaTtoxa
fx^

\

rCQbq

r.

^vq&v,
XTJq

^aa. aov debfisvoq x. x^avyd^o)v
C. II. dx.

3

xavxa b paa. SoX.
'S xaX,

GiXelaq
(f.

avxov
I

x. sldov

N

50^)

elq TtoTov t,(i>diov OLXslaai; x. yfjv

avxbv dnaydyj^q f/.£ avtov x. i^fjX&ev slq xd %z, x. Btnev avxbv finev p. 14*1 !• 1 61
|

%. aoXofibv

uq.

^a-

b ^aa, aoX.
iniBvfziibv

x5>v

ywatcDV inl

naQd-svov xbv

t,d)diov

xsxXrjxoxaq

3

§ 3. f tg

—N

|

psta^aXXofievoq, jtoxh fihv bq avS-^ojJioq %xo)v inid^Vfilav svl
svxOGfiov dTCrofZEVoq'

N (cum HI) 6 noxe 5 ndXiv xal Xe^bfxsvoq (1. xeXevofievoq) §4- !• 7 XTJq dQxayy.: ynxaiiX. x. eIuev b ^aoiXevq aoXofxbv* vnb nolov ayysXov xaxaQyeXaai) vnb ovQEirjX «()xoEyy^Aoi; xi^q dvvdfisioq xov S-sov §5- P- 15*1 1. 1 r^e f. 51^ %6. xb Griv6i0iv nQoaxpavaai xal 3 yiaXbv
ivpalvofiai

dXywaiv vnb ndvxcov xwv
. .
.

ndw
at

nMov
. ^ .

S-^Xvxbv

Saifxovlcjv

\

i(pi^fiias fjLiv

5 idaofiEV dva<p^^o xaydi act
x.

§

?•

1.

6 riv^d^riv

,

.

.

^oi\
c.

inaQEScdXEOE
p.

aQX- Oh. xov
etc,

^XS-.

§

8.

1.

i6*,

§ 9.
7

2 xaxeiv^ ovxoq 1-4: xvQLOv X. d-.
1.
.

cum

textu, //fy.

8 x^xoq x. d-^aav

ix.

x. d-aX. etc.
\

B

3 xbipai
x. '0.

xeXeTv
fiolQi^

.

.

yf^q

aapad}S-

5

naQEivat

gvv x^

6)6£

—N

I

ndvxo)V xwv

8*

6

1 1

Lectiones variae ex
C. HI.

MS

N.
ff(>xovrff

^el^epovk constanter
p.

scr.

N

|

BeeL xdv
c.

tc5v daifiovlatv

3 n^dq aolo5 d-edqi eUsv d ^aa. aoX. zov 4 t. S-sdv c. textu N • y^g c. L SoLj f. 52^ 6 elq ifxh rdv adv d-^dvov 9 § 7. an^Tovv ^avr.: ajtavtcc iyo) tiocco aSial. xal ifi^avi^o/ievoq ^xaazoq zfjv igyaaloiv avxov C. IV. 1. 4 dri EGzi iy ifiXv ^riXdai 5 elvaty (b deandTrjgj i^ovX. 6 sdei^i fiOL: iv xdxBi ^veyxs svfXTCQoatEv fiov xal exovaa ne^xaX^ 7 Sifxaq: dejisle svxQoaxov 8 § 3. avx^q airf avtoi Btpri (bis) iyd) ooX. aeoo/^sTtEJioitjfzsvov p. 19*, § 5. 1. 2 etg ly-§ 4. 9 ^voaxaiXet yovoe oxoXeixoid^o avz. 3 ^ot eaTtr qp^ayy^e § 6. 1. 4 f^s shal {— vo/iil^.) 5 fj.eXaxQ' iwov 6 Aa^pewg x. <pav£Qd 7 fiXdnzoi 7 s. xtfpfovpyot 9 noQiQovat p. 20*, § 8. 1. 1 avrjJj' (f. 53^) tto^. ysvvazat,
ftoc <pflq
I

11 ov
.

17*, § 4.

1.

1 a>g

etc.

textu, fisyd^cog

fiibvza
.

§ 5. o Je
I

|

+

.

.

.

\

|

,

.

.

:

|

1

I

o 68
TtQoq

2 ^tt>v^g «;ffp£Ov

z. x.

afjxov dv[^Q(bn)ov [xoX^^ov

3 §

9.

^f ^yh

aaz^ov 5 tiXsov dtcoSsvdv. xal eiTtov iy(h aoX. TCQoq avz^v TtoXoq ayyeXoq xazagyeX oe. x, eItis' iffv ^aaiXevq 6 § 11. Etg <pXe^tjv 7 azQaz, <pwv^aaq ngbq avt^v ^ItpetxQovoai. 6 61 eItcev Xiyo) aoi, ^ao., vnb § 12. 1. 9 zb 8vofxa ccyiov icoijX avr^v 10 6tb c, A N xav. om. c. stq C. V. p. 21*, 1. 4 6alfjiova N § 2. 6 dneiX. pX. ^Xetpag TtovriQbv UQoq fie X. s<pri* zlq ^v xal avztav 7 § 3. ovxoq xsz, ovxoq (f. 53^) dnoxqI^t] 9 6 vtbq Ijq dv., dyo) 11 yrjysvi^v p. 22* § 4. xal vvv zb 1, 1 ipmXevii iv zca ovQavbv c. C Is. 6id zbv 6Qax6vzQiv nai6aq 3 xal 6 zov d-Eov nazQbq b d-Qovoq iaxlv xal zb «|. fisxQi- t^v oi^fisQov iv z<b ovq.
7C010V
TtccvasXrjvov
I

avT^v

aazQOV

4

|

,

.

.

.

.

.

W

'

\

6 §
xal
1.

5.

iQcozav,
7

X.
fj/x.

aov yaQzd
^x^tg

^. 6LaQ. iv x. etc.
[

c.

textu

6
etc.

7t^oax<oQi^a€L
c.

pa a.

cum C
7.

^x^f^^"^ '^^'^^

^^ondzizav

A

§

6.

11

6Ba. avz.

{f.

54^) xal ixEX, avxbv ixT^^EOxai x. dnoXoyeZaO^ai zlq xaX.
§
p. 23*,
c.
1.

x.

ixTiC^saxat zL iaztv

xovQymv

dv{S'Qa))7ia)v etc.

xal XQiyafjL'^aq x, Sq ETixd, ayyEXov, om. zov d-Qovov
inl {-lEQLxmv dvS-^dxwv
6lov

nagd ^QozoXq' ei d^ fi^ na^d xa4 6tcL zmv inl nXEiaxov aaxQwv xal i(pov, x. 6afjLd'Q(a § 9. N c. P sed scr, notov 11. 9 xarcv.: 8 Xsyszai yXavaloq 6 10 inl
1 xaX.

textu

§ 8.

1.

.

.

(f. 54"*^

§ 10. p. 24*,
EVQ.

1.

1

(fin.)

xanv, ^ xaXafxoq oxvQaxoq vnoxaibvxwv da(x6dq ozb Svofxa xexX. xXdvoq 2 noz, z^{q)
f^tsgri

avQlaq
Zip

6i6zi

xaxsiva zd

l^jJAotra

xbOfi^ n?.^v ovxVjfXTiVjXVQie (xov d^itb 6i ae: eva 6e aEi saxiv ^^
I \

§ 11.
//.s

1.

ndvxoxe xaxoix^v xal iv n{av) 6 6Eafx£VGavzoq 7 dXri^iiq
§ 12.
1.

xaz, bis
z.

9

aL6riQov <po-

QEG<xq

dXXk
zt^q

.

.

.

noi^aaq

(f.

55^)

10 dvazg.
1.

noatv oov elq vnovpylav zov

vaov
2
s.

OLXo6ofi^q

11 v6QLaq 6exa
§ 13.

6oS'fjvaL

avxbv
z.

p. 25*,

I.

1 avxbv
jgoyL^r
|

'

zb 6aifj,bviov dafxb6ioq

4

oocplav zavzriv

6ovX. oov

6 ?/ (ptov^ d6vq ntxQtaq xal xaXdfifia axvQaxoq Xvwv vnoxatwv C. VI. 1. 9 UQOGX. z?fq ivdo^bzBQOV xal inTj^mxrjaa avx. Xiycov
pEX^epov^'X

6 6h

10
6eafjid

oi^x^q

8 §
iv

3.

xal fisz'
% A

i/ih

11 fzbvofiav vnoXEXet^sv 6EvzEQ0q Xiya &dv ^yovv 6EvzEQoq

12 oi^dvioq N d-ebq 4 xa^ib zd
|


9,

zagzaQw cum A
I

cum

A
tj
\

p. 26*,

1.

2 iX. xal elq ^glafioq

§§ 4
\

N
N

'ci

iaxiv

nQa^lq gov
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Lectiones variae ex

MS

N.

J

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C. XVII.

MS

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I

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scoq

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14
6(oq

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(nomen om.)
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13

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post

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P.
§
I.

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xbnovq
\

slz-i^fiaGa

.

xXtS-eTvat


slg

XIX.
§

N
2.

cum

GoX. b ^aa.

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\

dXov

enQOG(psQaGL 66^a, xQvo.
p. 60*, § 3- iv olq

nag xmv paGiXecov x. x. d^y. noXv

y. ndarjg
\

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\

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I

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etq

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x^^^^fj

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adpa
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6

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C,
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.

1.

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Xsys

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.

.

^£<p7]'.

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f^oi:

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elf^i

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fie

§ 3.

.

.

.

I

§

6.

n^EGpvzrjv

T.
I

Sal/iova iXd-E^v xal dviiyytiXh^ fioc xal Xsyovxd
eras) id^vfz. Xiav 6ih
\

fxoi odzcoq' iyo) 6s aoX.

(+ dxovaag zavza

eIks

fioij

Lectiones variae ex

MS

N.

121

0)

miaQate
sxsi"
(f-

§

7-

^

^

^'^*

Tpeig

\

reXevT^asi

ovtwQ

7^^} ^ ^E cV'?" aXijd-tog

ravza

§

9.

10 avslel 1. 12 iXS-.

\

§

8.

tavztx
[fis-

r. yi]Q

t(x<n^vai eras.) slg

td fzioov

fjLBxk
10.
1.

xal xov
§

13
x.

(piVtav xq. afia xccl elg

tSp
d-.

§ XQO^v a^. naQaaxofxe 15 01 6s nQoaxvv* ahvov 6 §
13.

14 xbv viov
1.

vl6v aov xal inifieXovfiai
(hTtxdfzsd-a
|
|

p. 62*,

5,

12.

aTid

x.

elg

xd 6v.

x. xsS-.
1.

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Q) woxs ^cclveo&ai

inl xotg dv{&^af7t)oig
§
15.

{— (pvCBmg)
(i)e

axov

jM^
I

— dxovovfxev
.

§ 14.

9

^

10
§

iv fiia(p
16. p. 63*,

|

fiiyEvtjxo

cum P
|

1,

2 Soxovaiv ot avd-pQ>7toi

peal

'^EOQOvvxeg rjfiag Srt
;

iXJtlTtxofjisv

'

fis

4 dXka 3 § 17. ov ovxcDg dh 6 TtoAf t? TtoXXovg 5 TtoXX^ § 19. 1.11 ovx Ttevd-ovvxa: sfieXXov inspoxav avxdv xal iXS-ovn^og d (iv{S'^Q)7t)og xaxa TtivS'og xal fieXXavdfievog xd nQoaconov xal n^aaxe^eg inlTtxovaiv
inl (ex diid corr.) t?)v y^v
.
.

(Jirt

:

xov
1.

havtov x6
'ICQaiiX

ahfia

§ 20.

1.

14

TtaQaxad'it^ofxai

\

ruisQai

§ 21.

16

So^aQovaa xal avx^ xbv 2 ^v elxo66(xovv xexeXetofxsvov x. dpy. x. xaXxov ixXexxov ^vq. xdg 3 § 2. Ude f^vaipoQag 5 XiS-ovg xovg xifxlovg Sokeq Xvxvcvg cLOxQanx. 6 Xvxvixov \U^ov 7 § 3. scQid-Eidavofievo 8 X7]osi66xov TtXox^v Tts^iTiXefievtjv 10 § 4- N cum C 9 axadiov Sexd^i xav^ovg yr^g P: N 12 xal
C.
1.

XXI,

1

U

^6axs aixXov x^volov

\

\

.

.

.

;

C.
.

XXII.
.

p. 65*,

1.

t^ 6h

.

ovxQ}g

—N

6 ^aa. aQa^ojv dvdfiaxi dQ6dx?jg 2 paatXEv ooXofiwv xov ifjX, iSov ^xova, ndvxa tieqL
1 aTtEOx. 6h
/Jth
\

oov xal Ttav.
1

xa Ttipaxa,

etc.

cum Q
1.

§4-1. 14
1 § 5.

EigrivEvasig Ttaaav

d^a^iav

xavxijv

x^v dcxawa.

2 xal Tcaaa ^

4 §
avnJtX.

6.

N y^ fiov dxovaag xal dvayvovg
7 dxQoytav. fxiyag

p. 66*,

vnoxExayftivoi vna^x^av aTioXiaig

—N
10

5 nrv^aq avt^v
(

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xElfXEvog)

\

6 § 7. xal Zvxiva ^dXofisv
. .

.

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dg
§
8. 1.

ot

inl xb avxd)

xal Xi&i^vaL avxbv inl xb nxsQvy.

|

|

\

r.

Saxx.

cum
\

H

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\

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daxbv inl
xal xal
.

x^jv xafi.

xo-

filaeig ivd-.

xd^sxat

d-riaavQovg fx^

dno dXvGEig
\

§ 12.
7 iJTtiax.

1.

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x. x,
. .

N

|

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nov. avX.
. .
\

.

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doxbv

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xal dga dvvaxbv
.
.

nv. x

§

13.

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mecum

8 evwTt.

XiSiov
p.

nvo^g xadvg 10 xov daxx.
.

daxbv
.

.

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11 §
x.

14.

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xafi.

2 nXiov iv
x,

x^Q^

3 § 16
5 xal
svtp.

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i66^a^ov
§ 17.

b

nalg

x. iniS-rjxEv

dax, inl

t. xapt.

h 9
69*,

fiE
1.

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1

13
val^

nE<pvGriy.evog
x-^iQi

§

19.

1.

15

el^i b Xey. i(p^n\

^ag
(f.

p.

1,.§ 20.

ooXofiibv paoiXEv, i<pinx.

axav^coB-.

88^) inl ^vXoVj o xal nQooxvviioavzEg
C.

XXIII.
§
2.
1.

ayyEXov dpxdyysXov Einov iyo} aoXof^mv ^aa. n^bg avzov 5 ^£<piQEtv
\

\

htrjza

aXXa

§ 3- ">'« dvay&yEi as x, (pvaTjd-slg b dax. iv xbvxo x, vnoSsSoxev zbv Xi&ov p. 70*, 1. 1

10 ax^oeig

^ovXel:

+

xi^Qrj

^aa. aoX.

H
\

ed-Ezo indvQ) Elg zag yovlag zov vaov § 4. xovxov ovx Iecxlv aXXov dXX^va xov d^eov xb

1.

3 ^ ^id-sioa

x.

zd XoXna
etc.

:

B^iXrifiav

xaxiaxvoai

cum P

'

122
C.

Lectiones variae ex

MS

N.

XXIV, §4.

4 paazd^ovxa
C.

—N
3.

p. 71*,

1.

2 o

xlovaq vitBQfieys^ri

ondSQa Sia rdv di^a

XXV,

^aOiXevQ
x. xl

5

ical

av rig el

j^Sfisvoq
elfxi

12 §

rdv etSQOv dalfxovav xbv av il^dv 89^) xal ^/xow tc6%b fiev xad-s§2. lO a^st^s^cd-ov xaQdiav. iy^ Tivsvf^a ns^oxbv imp. 13 ss. iyo)

aoL

(f.

|

aov

\

.

.

.

d axXrjQvvag z^v xaQ&Lav (paQaibv §
p. 4. iyo)

xccl

zBv d-s^anovtoiv avzov
.

xccza x6v
(f.

(xovia^v xbv iaQariXLxov.
tat paatXec

ixstvog 8 intx.

,

.

ot fzaxofisvoi

90')

lyvnxov

72*,

§

6. 1

4, inoli^aa xazadiai^ai dnloo)

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.

.

^XXa TtaQafxivai avzovg paaxdt^ov rdv xlova ^yovv xbv axstXov dv ix
i^vd-^ag d^aXdaarjg
d^ebv

z^q

ixofxiaav xal wfxooav.
.
.

.

.

.

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.

iijX
. .

Sg naged.

^^dg dnoyeiQo aov ov
xov ovvov xal
iv
. .

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.

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C.
1

XXVI.

1, p. 73=^

/jtoi

yvvexeg ovx

\

naoQ-evov
xlg 6b eat IV
. .

ri

vnoS-. xovxo f^e
.

dvdyyaae n^oaxvvslae xal
.

bfioiwd^g xolg e^^vleoiv xwv uXX. xal nagepiaoe hoc a loco cum

.

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TtoiT^aac; § 4. ov6a/^(3g d-vaw B^eovg

H

N

cum

H comp.
13

12

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T(3v corr.

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ofi.

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\

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iyo)

x.

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P- 74*.

pio

sec.

5 praebet

naQsvoxXovv xoTg (l)spovaalocg 6id x6 dy x. naQ' &6VOV xavxrjv x^v ajgaiav elg vneppoX^v xal xaX^v x^v Utpiv atpodga xal elvat alytgC?) dyad-ijv ivomov fxov. xal einsv ngog fxe' dd^dafxixog fxovlaxlv, fiaaiXeVj xal xocfiTjS^^vat ^exd f^ov eS-vr} dXXoxQidj' dXXd TiQoaxvvTjaov zotg ^Ev 8e xo md-EOig xov naxQog f^ov xal ISov xal iyo) 6ovX(ji) iv<bni6v aov. ozetvai /U37 inexaS^oav /xrj Si^ oXr^g xfjg vvxxog XiytoV 7ic5g AaAfZg dyanav El yovv povXy TiQoaxwfj(AB xal ovx dxoveig x^g <po}v^g x^g 8ovXri{g) oov.
textum hunc:
X^tQL

N

Xdpe dh iv t§ fii] eox(o aot oxoXiov xovxov aov dxQideg f xal aggag a(pd^ov Zncog (f. 92^) Xriypeig ^e elg ywaixaV xal eao^ai iyo) xal d Xaog fxov fxexd aov. iyoj 6h 6 xdXag oi)g SizeXog (sic) xal ovShv Eg/XTjaa x7/g dxgldog xb al(xa xal o<pd^ag fig xdg %elgag f^ov iv ovoftaxi (xoXbx xal ga<pd elitcbv xal ^Xapa xfjv yvvaixav xal liyov avz^v elg xbv olxov x. paa. /xov MoXox- ^<^^ ^"^ ^^ Bivat fxe iv avx^ p. 74*. § 6. N cum P. i^ ov ^viyyaaev tj yvvrj ixslvt] oixodofifjaai vaovg xoXg padX xal f^ga iyo) xbv ga<pdv X. xbv (xoXby
oai xoTg d-sotg xov TtazQbg fxov^
.

.

,

§

7.

N cum

H.

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|

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\

€(vxov did xb Ttogevd-^vac fie dxclao xfjg dS-e/ilag /xov

xal iaxoxMrj to

Manuscript E.
xal iajeoQTtlad-yjv to

1

23

7iv.

fiov

ansQfia

fxov

x.

ido&.

rw

SovX(p (xov le^opafc

xa Sh 6vo GxrjnxQa aTtoftslvavxsg nQoq fxs 6ia daS x6 nva jwov 6ia xovxo dksijasv 6 S-sog seal xa 3vo ax^nx^a I'aae x6 (1, xov TiQa) nsSiov fiov xovTCDV acv7]xav nccQid-evxa (sic) fxot vno xmv 6aL(x, seal ifivrjad-rjv 'on ^6aa SL710V aXti^(5q eljtov 6<pTjaa yd^ fiOL tcbqIxovxwv' vno x. x^^^ccg fxov dufdxei xeXevvfjaai xal ixXelnrj ix nQooihnov xov {rjXlov) N cum H. xoTg trjX xal d(prjxav avxTjv elg fxvfjft, oxi n^o §§ 8 et 9. TtQoq ^{xaq tsX, fiov {laxagtovos (is Sars ovv <pvXax^rjvai xrjv diaS-i^xijv fiov (ivax. fisy. (f. 93^j xatd navxo^ dxaO-d^zov nvc, coaxs ytvojaxstp (p. 75*) ia^ariX vnoxd^s ^7t' i^uh itdvxa xa daifi, toaxe elvai a(pQayX6a vfiaq N 6axx. xov d^eov (§9) itQOGexa^ei uQoq xovq nQaq xavxa ovv N ov vno d-gSvov ad finem om. N, sed add. oj nQsnet xLfxrj xal h> iXyfi
Ssxa
CTcrJTCXQa,
I

.

.

.

\

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ngoOxvvriGtq slq xovq alaivaq

xwv

al<bvo)v' d^'^v

B. Manuscript £.

A

Narrative Concerning

Solomon the Prophet.

E. Library of the Greek Patriarchate, Jerusalem, Sancti

Saba, No. 290; XVIII cent, paper, cm, 17x21,7; 204ff.;
unpublished.

Catalogue, vol. B, p. 415.

The
^ovri
139^),

first

one hundred thirty-eight leaves of the manuscript

were written

by Gerasimos,

a

monk from
Mar
Elias

xov ayiov £v66B,ov jtQogy-^rov 'H?dov rov SsC^irov

Chios in 1719 at the (f. 48^ and

probably, therefore,

at

near Jerusalem.
is

The

"Narrative Concerning Solomon", however,

in

a section of the

book which was written by other, and
part of the

it

would appear to

me

somewhat older hands, although nearly every work in

this latter

codex

is

strongly marked

by modern Greek forms.
is in

The
is

"narrative",

found on

ff.

177^

— 191^

a clear strong

hand, comparatively easy to read.

It is

not free from errors, but

immeasurably superior to
It is

MS
is

N, to those of Rec. C, or even

to L.
late

unique in that

it

not merely marked

by occasional
is

Greek forms, as are several of the others, but

entirely

written in

Modern Greek of
as a

a style

much more

colloquial than

modern newspaper Greek.
it

has

some value

Aside from its relation to the Test, sample of colloquial Greek of the XVII

or

XVIII century.
Its

nearest relative
at
all,

is

MS

D.

In other words

it

is

not a

"testament"

but a story.

Certain sections

read like a

124

Manuscript E.

paraphrase of

MS D

into

Modern Greek.

Indeed,

it

occasionally
9, I3f.,

uses the very phrases of D, for example in

D

c.

IV 6

i6K

Moreover
of David's

it

follows the outline of

MS

D",

beginning with the story
the capture of Or-

sin,

and then recounting the beginning of the building
difficulty,

of the Temple, the favorite slave's
nias,

the sending of Ornias and the slave to capture the demons,
their

work upon the temple \ All of D cc. IV VII 3 is often almost word for word^ From this point on, however, E parts company with all the other accounts. It tells how Samael was examined and replies and is set to work in exactly the manner of the Tes^^, Then it goes on to narrate how, after the Temple was finished, Solomon shut all the demons up in vessels, how the Temple was dedicated, how later the Chaldeans came and released the demons, and how later still Jesus came and by the cross overcame them all, adding that this was the symbol engraved on Solomon's ring and that anyone
and
repeated
in E,

who

properly uses
^-

this

sacred symbol

may
still

escape

all

their

attacks

The
telling

differences

between

E

and
is

D

go

farther than this

conclusion.

The resemblance between
devil's frustration of
c. I

the introductory sections

of Solomon's parentage

after all superficial.

The

ac-

count of the

Nathan's attempt to

forestall

David's sin (D

4—6)

is

entirely lacking in

E
is

and the account
quite different^.

of Nathan's parable and David's repentance

(D c. Ill 4) Ornias and the slave are sent to bring in the other demons, they bring Beelzebul, who is examined as in the Here MS E uses material from the accounts of both BeelTest. zebul and Asmodaeus, in something like this order, Test cc. Ill 6, IV I 3a, V8f VI4, 7f., 9 (part). Then it resumes the matter

When

and order of D (c. Ill 8) I There are fewer resemblances
the Test than between

in

language between

E

and

and E, and yet in the account of Beelzebul the same words are often used and the likenesses are such

D

1 E, c.;v

4 E,
7

u.

3—6, 8ff, IX 7—10.
II
ff.

2 E,

c.

I— IV
cc.

I, 12.

g E,

c.

V—IX
c. I

4.

5 E,

X—XII.

6 E,

6—9-

C.

IV

Manuscript E.

12 C

some kind of literary dependence. one omits the account of Onoskelis and Asmodaeus from the Test, an account which breaks into the very
as

very strongly to suggest
is

This

particularly true if

middle of the examination of Beelzebul (cc. Ill 7
other
.

— VI

i a).

On

grounds also

this

appears like an interpolation, for only in

these chapters

does Beelzebul figure prominently.
it

Just
long to
explain.

how

comes about that some

traits

which plainly beit

Asmodaeus

are ascribed to Beelzebul

is

difficult to

That Raphael and the

gall of a fish called

yXiavoq be-

long to

Asmodaeus cannot be

disputed^.

It is

plain also that

the writer

two separate places
is

to

chief
its

combining two accounts from the fact that in he introduces the means by which the demon be laid 2. He must have known two descriptions of the demon and he preferred the name Beelzebul because of
is

ofE

use in the Gospels.

MS E

is

more

definitely Christian than

any other of these documents.

even
in

have in our manuscripts a "synoptic problem" rendered more complicated by the discovery of E. The resemblances phrasing and in order are too close to permit of an oral theory,

We

but on the other hand, the differences are such as to preclude
the conclusion that the Test
or
to

E

or either of

was derived directly from either D them from the other. Rather we must go back

an original "narrative",

d which

included a brief account of

Solomon's parentage, the building of the Temple, the capture of
Ornias, the
father

use of demons in the building, the incident of the
gifts

and son, the

from foreign monarchs, the

letter of the

Arabian king, the capture of Ephippas, and the placing of the
cornerstone and the aerial column. This d possibly had also some reference to Samael, for he appears in both E and D.

Both the introductory account of Solomon's birth and the concluding reference to

Samael where developed

differently in the

two editions.

E
In
c.

steps in to
is

make

the connection between

d and
is

the Test.

XVII

a

nameless demon whose "work"

exactly that

of

Samael
1 E,

in

E
7.

and who

is

frustrated in the

same way, by the

c.

IV

2 E,

c.

IV

7

and

9.

126
sign of the cross
^.

Manuscript E.

like moreover, "shut up the other demons" (XVII 5), an idea especially prominent in £2. As the Test, which was ex hypothese written by Solomon, could not tell of the future escape of the demons from their vessels,

The demon

is,

.

.

.

and the power of the coming to overcome them again (XV 8 12), all of which is given in much fuller detail in E. The relations may be explained by supposing E to be based upon e, a manuscript derived from d and forming the original also from which the Test was developed. E, of course, represents a considerable expansion of e. A great deal of liberty must be allowed to editors and copyists in such literature as this. This will explain changes and omissions of all kinds. The use of various sources is also to be expected. In one passage E mentions Jeremiah, Baruch, and Abimelek, and evidently depends on the Paralipomena of Jeremiah ^. In the transcripton of E which follows^ I have tried to be
the writer had a

demon

foretell

it

Son of the Virgin

as faithful to the manuscript as possible, only correcting obvious

errors

and not trying even to introduce consistency.
IX

1 E,

^.

8

f.

2 E,

u.

X

2.

3 E,

c.

XI

if.

4 See pp. 102*— 120*

BIBLIOGRAPHY.
I.

Editions and reprints.

1.

Italien, Sicilien

Fleck, Dr. F. F„ Wissenschaftliche Reise durch das siidiiclie Deutschlamd, uud Frankreich, II 3, Anecdota maximara partem sacra. Leipz.

2.

1837, PPFiirst, J.,

"3— 40Der
J. P.,

(=F1)
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Jahrgang, 1844,

Jahrgang, 1846, Literaturblatt,

Sp. 593, 663, 714, 741.
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Incomplete.

(=Fii) Reprint of Fleck
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Migne, Abb^
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the

Patrologia graeca, vol. 122, Paris 1864,

1315

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Reprint of Fleck.
4.

{==

Mg)
spiskl zabesania

Grieceski

Solomona (Greek Manuscripts of

Testament of Solomon) Odessa 1898, 50 pp.^ Printed also in the Yearbook of the historical-philosophical Society at the Imperial Newrussian University
(at

Odessa) VII,

Byzantine Division

IV

(Odessa 1899), pp. 49

98.

(Russian) Contains

MSS

D,

I,

and Q.

(=

Is)

11.

Translations,
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1.

Bornemann,
herausg.

Dr. Friedrich August, Zeitschrift
C. F. Illgen,
vol.

die historische Theologie
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von Dr.

XIV, Leipzig 1S44, part
Cf.

pp.

9—56.
IncomLatin.

German.
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(= Bn)
J.,

Fiirst,
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Der Orient 1844, 1846,

supra^ Edition

2.

German.

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3.

Migne, Abb^

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H
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Conybeare, F. C. "The Testament of Solomon", Jewish Quarterly Review XX (No. 41), London October 1898, pp. 15 English. (= Crtr) 45. Ginzberg, Louis, The Legends of the Jews, translated from the German manuscript by Henrietta Szold, 4 vols. Philadelphia 1913, vol. IV Bible

Times and Characters from Joshua

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me by

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F. C, ibid.^ March 29, 1899, p. 442 Schiirer, E., Theol. Literaturzeitung, 1899, no, review of Conybeare's lation and the introduction thereto
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(= JGV) =i The History of the Jewish People in the Time 0] {=^ HJP) Jesus Christ, New York 1891, II c. 153 Toy, C. H., Jewish Encyclopedia, New York 1907, XI 448, art. "Solomon,
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1.

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Hohe

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94

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IV. General Bibliography (including Abbreviations).
These
lists

include not only works referred to, but also a few others to which

the writer has been especially indebted.

I.

Dictionaries, encyclopedias, periodicals,

and

collections.

AJT =
Archiv

American Journal of Theology, Chicago 1897 ff. Anecdota Oxoniensia, Classical Series, Part VIII, Oxford 1898: F. C. Conybeare, The Dialogues of Athanasius and Zacchaeus and of Timothy and Aquila
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Papyrusforschung, ed. by Ulrich Wilcken, Leipzig i90ofF.
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B

=

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B. G, Niebuhrii instituta, auctoritate Academiae Litterarum Regiae Bo-

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— 1878
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BZ

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1

29

CCAG

=

Catalogus

codicum astrologorum graecorum,

7

vols.,

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codicum mss. bibliothecae

4

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by M. Th, Houtsma, T. W, ArLeyden-London 1913 Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, ed. by James Hastings, Edinburgh ERE 1908, 8 vols, up to 1916 ExT =^ The Expository Times, ed. by James Hastings, Edinburgh iSSgff. Folklore, a quarterly Review of myth, tradition, institution and custom, London
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Muhammadan

peoples,

ed.

nold, R. Basset

and R. Hartmann,

vol. I

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hersg,

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HDB

=

Dictionaiy

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ed.

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5

Edinburgh
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1898—1904Jahrbiicher fur klassische Philologie, ed.

by Alfred Fleckeisen, 43

vols.,

1855-97

JAS

= Journal

of the Royal Asiatic Society,

London

18346".
vols.,

JE = The Jewish Encyclopedia, ed. Isidore Singer, 12 JQR = Jewish Quarterly Review, First Series, ed. by
Montefiore, 50 vols,,

New York 1907—
C. J.

L.

Abrahams and

London 1888 — 1908
der
konigl.

KVCom

=* Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten drei Jahrhunderte
V.

hersg.

der

Kirchenvater -Commission
ff-

Preufiischen

Alt,

der

Wissenschaften, Leipzig 1897
Migne, J. P., Migne, J. P.,

PG
PL

= Patrologiae
==-

cursus completus. Series Graeca, Paris

1857—65

Patrologiae cursus completus. Series Latina, Paris 1844

NGG

=

— 90

Nachrichten

der konigl. Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Gottingei),

Berlin i86off.

N Jbb

hi Alt =^

Neue Jahrbiicher
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fiir

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Nouvelle Biographic universelle, Paris 1866

Der Orient, ed.

by

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Th. Noldeke gewidmet, ed. Carl Bezold, Giefien 1906

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— 1711,

1819

Palestine Pilgrims'

Text Society,
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Itinerary

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Bordeaux Pilgrim,
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Text Society,
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Holy

Places,

London 1896 The Pilgrimage of S. Silvia of Aquitania by John H. Bernard, London 1896
by A.
Stewart,
I,

vol.

Wissowa =^ Paulys Realencyclopadie der class. Altertumswissenschaft, hersg. von G. Wissowa, Stuttgart 1894*?". PSBA =1 Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, London i879fF.
Realenc.

s= Herzog-Hauck,

Realencyclopadie

fiir

protestantische

Theologie

u.

Kirche, 24 vols., Leipzig

1896— 1913
A. Dieterich
u.

Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche u. Vorarbeiten, hersg. v.

R. Wiinsch,

GieBen 1903 fF.

UNT.9: McCown.

9

130
Revue des etudes

Bibliography.

Rh Mus

SBE

=

=

grecs, Paris i888ff.

Rheinisches Museum, Leipzig i833ff.
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Sacred Books of the East,

by F. Max
of the

Miiller,

Sophocles,

E. A.,

A

Greek dictionary
Essays

Roman and

50 vols. 1879— 1894 Byzantine periods 3,
patristic ^criticism

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chiefly in biblical

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by members of
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classica,

filolog.

= Theologische Literaturzeitung, Leipzig iSySff. Puteanis Thuanus, Catalog, bibliothecae Thuanae a Petro TS = Texts and Studies, Armitage Robinson, Cambridge by Tl/ = Texte Untersuchungen, by Adolf Harnack, Leipzig
TL
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Firenze-Roma 1893 if.

etc.,

Paris 1679

ed.

J.

l893fF,

u.

ed.

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V

=

Bibliotheca Veterum Patrum Antiquorumque Scriptorum Eccl. ed, A. Gal-

landius, 14 vols,

Vienna Corpzis

»=i

and app., Venice 1765— 81, 2 ed. 1788 Corpus scriptorum ecclesiasticorura Latinorum, Vindobon.

iSdfi'ff.

ZA

=

Zeitschrift fur Assyriologie, ed.

by Carl Bezold, StraSburg
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i886fF.

ZATW =*

Zeitschrift

fiir

die

alttestamentliche Wissenschaft,

by D.

Bern-

hard Stade, GieBen 188 iff.

ZDMG = Zeitschrift

der deutschen morgenlandischen Gesellschaft, Leipzig 18473"
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ZNTW= Zeitschrift
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die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft, ed.

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2.

Modern Authors.

Atkinson, James, see Shah Nameh Bardenhewer, Otto, Patrologie^, Freiburg im Breisgau 1910 Benfey, Theodor, Pantschatantra fiinf Biicher indischer Fabeln, etc., 1859 Benzinger, I., Die Biicher der Konige, Kurzer Handcommentar zum Alten Test.
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BlaB,
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Hermeneutik

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Bonwetsch,
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KVCom
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I^

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Kom.

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Bouch^- Leclerq,

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I^I

BQUSset, Wilhelm, Hauptprobleme der Gnosis,G6ttingen 1907 Bousset, Willielm, Die Religion des Judentums im neutestamentlichen
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Pitra, Johannes Baptista Cardinalis,
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Analecta

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AIAOHKH 20AOMS2NT02
9

TEXTS
WITH

CRITICAL APPARATUS

Sigla et
Uncis

compendia
( )

in

apparatu

critico et in textu adhibita
litteras,

rotundis

scripta sunt, velut {^f^iQa)

circumduxi vocabula vel == 6.
scriptae.

quae in codice compendio

Uncis rotundis
tionis
,

( )

in

apparatu critico circumdedi numeros sectionum interpreta-

it

Conybeare

Uncis fractis ( ) circumdedi ea quae in codice perierunt vel a scriptore omissa sunt. Uncum fractum <; post vocabulum posui cuius terminatio a scribente omissa est.
His signis
'"'

inclusi

lectiones in suspicionem vocatas,

ubicumque errorem

pri-

marium
et

vel interpolationera

praesuppono.

Asteriscu * in textu apparatuque insignivl

manuscrfptorum editionumque initium

paginarura numeros.

+

vel add.

=

addit,

addunt

9

Sigla et compendia

= HarLcod. 5596fiagmenta, cf.p.18 = Bib. Ambros. cod. 1030, 20 V = Bib. Bonon, Acad. cod. 3632, 21 W = Bib. Nat., Anc. fonds cod. 2419) 25 = corrector
T

U

|

d ==, de
°

li

of. p.

=

daemonis, Cd,
alt.

cf.

supra

p.

1

narratio
p.

de Onoskelu,

C^

cf.

cf.

p.

r

grec,

cf-

P-

a

= phylacterium pp. 25, = descriptio
19,

19

,

H^, L^, C,
I

cf.

et n.

altera de
I

XII

signis,

cf.

p.

23

et n.

Bn
Bncn
Cr
Fl

= = =

= Bomemann,
Conybeare
Fleck

Bornemann, graphiam

versio, cf. Biblio-

Fii
Is

=
=s

Fiirst

Istrin

"Conjectanea"

Mg
tr

=

Migne

=^ versio, velut Mgtr

=

versio in

Ts/i.ignt,Pairologia ^aeca, vol.122

AIA0HKH 20A0M2NT02
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scriptum

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d^a^rjTjX'

xbv ^ovX' zdv xayrj&afiav

xdv

uncis fractis inclusae compendiis cryptographicis scriptae sunt)

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L,

+ ov6s
To)s
^fi£Tg

xsXsvaai ^fiTv L)
.

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ineid^

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iitsl

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10 nav-

om. H)

dsQlov zs xal imysLov xal xazax^oviov

P

xaxa%^. A: navxbg nv^^iia11 ISoif A: dia xovxo xal
L, itaQiaxdfisd-a

P
I

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pr.

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H:

xal

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L, ivcbmov

H: naQaoxixapLSV aoi P Sg xal
|

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15^

P 12

1

%fi-

Ttvsv-

fiaxa:

+

oLTid

x^iovy xal xavQOv, Sidvfiov zs xal xaQxLvov^ Xsovzogj xal

&§vov,

t,vyov

zs xal

axKoQuLov

(sic,

x

=

naQ-

tj'i)

xo^Sxov^

alywxsQCDzog, v6^o-

Xoov, xal

Ix^og P

toxe
xaS-'

/j.ot praebet P haec: MS P Rec. B. § 4. 11. 13— p. 52*, 1 pro Kayia iyw aoXofzwv imxaXsaafievog z6 Evofia xvqIov aa^awd-, ius^wtTjaa avxct ha onoXog XQdnog avx&v xvyx^vsh ^ccl ixiXevaa ahxovg ha haaxov
, , ,

=

ek t6 fisaov iXd-Svza elnetv z^v kavxov Tt^d^iv.
shcev

x6xe TtQoaeXS-wv 6 TiQoJxog

MSS HL = Rec. A.

P

§ 4.

1.

13

(J^

—L

|

rd

—L
4**

9

52*

Tct

Ic' avoixeta

XVIII,

4—

avTtp' »at> rig ai;^ 6 61 e^rj fioi ^^ayco dsxavbg a

rov

C^codiaxo^

xvxXoVj 6q xaXovfiai
Puag<,
5

^Pva^,'^

5,

xsipaXaq avd'QcoJtmv noim
>Mixo.7\l,
T>lyfh

aky^^

xdX XQOTaq)Ovg caXsvco.
avd^vg

cog fiopov axovooa'
6.

ayxkaii^av

avayrnqmA

o 6a{ixaQQg

Bq)i]'

BaQaag)a^X

xaXovficcu

Tjiiixgdvovg jcocm

rovg dvO-gdjiovg tovg ev r^ wga
^^AgroCa^X xaXovfiai.
>OvQtriX,

fiov xstfiivovg.

mg

6e dxovOo)' >ra^Qi^X, lyxXeiOov BaQ6a<pariX<j
7-

evd-vg dvaxcoQca.*^.
[.lovg

o rglrog

eg)'rj'

6q)d-aX-

dSixm C(p66Qa.
8.

(og de dxovCo)'

eyxXsiaov 'Aqto-

0af]Xy< svd-vg dvaxcoQco*<^
10

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ritaQTog

eg)?]'

^syco xaXovfiai * ^OgoniX.
kjiinifiJia).

Xatfiovg xal

Gwdyyag

xal Crjjtsdovag

wg
9.

6s dxovaco' >^Pag)a^X,

^eyxXEictov OqojibX,-^^ sv&vg avaxcoQco.^

o

Jt:e/iJttog e<pri'

^eyco

EatQm^avovddXov
MSS HL

* xaXovfiac.

£fig)Qd^Eig

mrimv

Jtoi^.

kav 6s

=^ Rec. A.

§ 4. 1 *

H

f.

21^

|

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I.

MS P

= Rec.

B.

§ 4.

11.

1—2

pro iy(o

.

.

.

"^Pia^ praebet

P textum

inter-

polatum hunc: iyd) slfxt 6 [nQtbxoq) dsxavdg xov t,a)6Laxov xvscloVj dg xaXovfxai XQioq, xal iiax i/iov 01 Svo ovrou iTtrjQwzrjCa ovv avzovg' rlveg xaXeiad-s;
§
5.

o fihv TtQmxog

^6(pri'

iyd)^ xvqib^

Qva^ xaXov^ai
.

MS HL
Sexadav
supra

''Pva^ dubitanter propono: iym 2 eyw . . Rec. A. § 4. 11. 1 {dsxddwv L) xov i^oSlov {i^odtdv L) xvxXwvog [xaxoxkovog xo
==s

lin. adscr.

MSS HLP

— =


^

H) xaXovfiat xal XQcdg
Recc.
|

AB.

HL §5-2 TtoieZv H
|

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—A

seal

syxXeiaov ego: ^xXvaov (forte recte, aaXsveiv fiovov: fisv L sed in ms. tribus punctis dubii indicandi notatum) P, syyeiaov H, syyiaov L

L

I

H

4 'Pucf^ P: ov ovQbv H, ovqo^jX
per compendia
scr.

L
|

|

§ 6. (74) devxegog:
|

numeros

constanter

Xiy <i L ^aQCa^a^X L 5 ^(ilx^avog L, tj ^ixgavoeg Mg xovg avd'Q. A: aXyeXv P 6 0)5 rf^ L: s<j>g ^syxXtjaov HP, ^xksiaov [x ex X corr.) L 7 sv^g 6s H, iav (Jiovov P semper scr. P, ehS-emg semper L, interdum Ev&vg-, interdum svS-emg H
codd. omnes
|

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|

]

§ 7- (75) ^«^ ^

L

I

jiQXOOafjX
|

HL:

d^caxoaa^jX

xal idv

L
I

|

dxovoat P

ovQovhX

L

|

S wg Sh H: Sg f^dvovV^ ^yxXetaov P: sxxXeiaov H, ^axXsiomisl

P

oov

L

aQaxoaa^X

P, dgaa^iX

L
quae
^i(pri

§ 8. sectionem 8 om. Fl cum nota hac: »Hic sub signo *),« quae additamenta reperire non potui
*

v. in

additam.

10

HP:

eiuBV
. . .

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]

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f.

17^1
I

'OgoTteX P:
Xifxovg

oQOTtoXog L,

dponoXov

H

|

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^ni-

Ttifino)

P:

xal

avfiTteSmvag xal

ow(Exccg linea

delet.)

finedrnvag xal

1\ wg 6b avvoxdg ifXTioia) H, Xix{ovg) xal ameSSvag x. avvoxdg iptniib L A A: idv V IS xal gw^avov6dXov H 12 eyxXeioov ^Og. § 9. {76) H f. 22^ ^i^KpQa^iv P wxlmv HP: xaiQi^svov6dXa>v L, iov6dX P

|

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9— ^5

xa

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53*

ktovooi'
imQS.<i

>OvQov7JX, ^eyxXsiaov EaiQco^avovdaXov ,^
10.

av&vg *

di^a-

ixrog

s^rj'

-^kym 2g)£vdovariX xakovfiai.

jcagv^^iyxXet-

xi6ag xal oJtiOd'OTOVOvg ifiJtoico,

sap axovOco' >Saffai^X,
11.

\cov 2q)Bvdova7iX^<^
5

Evd^vg

ccvaxo)Qco.i

o e^dofiog e^ij'

^iyca

^avdwQ

xaXovftai^
fieXfj

coficov

Svvaiitv

bXarzco xal xacgmv vevQa
^eyxXsiOop

naQaXWj xal
Sg>ci.v6mQ<^
xaXovfiai.

xojtca^co.

sav axovOco' >AQai^X,
12.

evd-vg

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xagdlag dvd-QcoJtcov xal tpgivag diaOTQEipo)

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13.

Evvarog

eq)?]'

^syco

KovgrarjX xaXovfiac,

orQoq)Ovg

syxaxwv * EJttmiiJtca. sav dxovom' >Iaoi&', ^ByxXetCov KovQxafiX,<^
fv^rc

dvax<oQ^A
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14.

dixatog
sav

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y>ey(b

MsraMa^
E^rj'

xaXovfiai,

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Jtoim.

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15. o

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(MsxaHa^j-^ svd"vg dvaxcogco.^
vixorarjX xaXovfiai.
lav

EvdExarog

^syco

Kara-

fidxag xal avd-adstag

xax oixovg

kjiijtiii3ta),

xig

d-iXEt

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MSS HLP ==
lov6al P,

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f.

2 §
'

10.

:Sq>evdova^X P: a<psv6eva^% H,

Sova^l

L

TiccQVtiS.:

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notw
|

teal naQiad-fxia

(novoxovq L, dmaS-oxova

SapQafiX
Sova^X

Mg
I

errore,

P ^iinOLw A: aa<pa^X L, a(pe^a^X
HP:
slnev


|

P P

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Sa^a'^iX [^ ex X coit.)P:

H

iyxX. ^(pev,

—A
|

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§ II. (78) e^rj

L

5 ^J^avdatQ P:

SoQdv H, ipav|

JwQov L

iXaxTO) P; at/xcov 6w, P: av[^Q(j)7t)(ov [avov H) 6vvdfi£ig A H, iXaxribv L, -|- xal aaXsvo) P, seal iav axovei L X^iQ&v evQa H 6 naQaXvo) HP: naQxvo) L, -\- xal daxa naXafitJbv avvilaxxdvo)

+

—H

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P
I

X, fisXri

'=^ix7ilva)) P,
corr.

xon. H:
I

x. /iveXovg ifi7ii7tvt,o) {^xninvt^o} Fl,

1.

L

iyxX. StpavS.

— A'
L
|

ixTiinl^o)

7 § 12. (79)

^ox^hX
dl^a/JX

in ^eX^hX
|

L

BsXp.
j

—A

8 6iaaxQ6<p(o

HP:

cLVaaxQ£<pQ}

9 Kapai^X A:

P

^yxA.

^dipri HP: elnev L KovQxaiiX P: xoVQxa^X vel xotpxa^X H, * Mg 11 iyxdxcDV A: ^v xoi?.i(x P imnifjiTia) A: 1344 UTtonifiTiWj novovQ indyai P L 'lacbS- P: tfa^dv ava;ca)pcM i?ffco^ H iWfraH ^y;tfA. ^ot;pt. 12 § 14. (81) ^V? HP: sItisv L Ma^ P: //£Ta5i;a| H, fisxdd-ea^ L cav 13 vetpgovg notw Tcovetv P * H f. 22^ rfe H iyxX, MetaS^: 'A6o)va^X P: adwvat H, atfwvdv L A Kaxav. P: xavixoxa^X L, vtptfo14 § 15. (82) ^iprj HP: slnev L

§ 13. (80)

10

axovQxuQa^X

L

|

I

|

.

.

.

1

|

|

|

I

1

I

|

15 av&a6slaq A: dStxlag P oixovg: *Lf. 17V2 fte 16 €l^7]V8vsiv etp^vsvec L,
r«^A
|

H

:

+
.

+

TtOfcb ;;ori

axXriQlag
|

P
|

t^'' oZ;cov
rot

«vrov P

y^a-

V«rtt>

P: ygdyjai H, a? y^ay'?

L
dq

|

c^g

.

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(Ue

H:

bnxd

dvofx. x. xax. /xs

dq

hn. <pvXa ddvvtjq
fiE

hovxa

L,

sn. (pvXX

<

6d<pvi]g

xb ovofxa xov xaxag-

yovvxoq

dyyiXoVj xal xavxa xa ovdfxaxa P

54*

^«f ^<?'

GtOLXBla

XVIII, 15—19

ovofiara ra xaxaQyovvxa

fiB' >ayyEji6' has' Isco' aa^amd-' kyxXeU Oars KaravixoTa7jkj< xal jtjLvvag ra <pvXka xriq 6ag)vrjg gavaxm rov olxov avrov rm vdari, xal svd^vg dvaxcogS.^ 16. 6 dcode-

:

xarog
5

»eyco 2ag)d^0QariX xaXovfiai. dtxoataalag hfi^aXXm avQ^Qmnotg xal Evq)Qalvofiai avxovg <Sxav6aXl^cov. eav xiq YQaipBL xavxa' * >las' ism' viol HaPa(Dd',< xal g)OQEc sv xm xgaeqirj'

rolg

XVX(p ccvxov, avd-vg dvaxa)Qm,<i
17.

'O

xQlxog xal dexaxog
Jtoim,

eg)?]'

^ey6

'Po^od^fjX

xaXovfiai.

vevqSv x^^dcEig
10 18.

eav axovcoi' >Ad(ovatj< svd^g dvaxo^gmA o XExagxog xal dixaxog Eg>rj' »8ycl> AsQm^X * xaXov(iai. ipvxog sap dxovaa>' >ld^,
firj

xal Qtyog xal Oxofidxov jtovov sjtayo},
fisiv^g,
^(17]

kfi-^

d'EQiiav^g,

oxi

xaXXiov eCxI :SoXofi(5v svdExa Jtaxd-l
o nifijixog xal dixaxog xal vaQxrjv
EjriJtEfijto).
E(pri'

Qcov,<^ Evd^vg dvaX(x>Q6,<i

19,

^sym
(lopov

JSov^sXxl xaXovf/ai.

tpQixriv

mv

P 1 Ryysle A: iak B.: kah L, iah P aapawd- A: viol aa^awd^, Sia to ^vof^a rov fxeyaXov Q-eov P iyxXi^acczai H, iyxXtjadtQ) P, iyylaare L, rw Fl errore 2 xal A: TCkvva vel nXvvag P, itXvvcav Fl r. g)vX. t. 6a(p, H; tag 6d<paq L, xa
|
|

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IcoEO)
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« Recc. AE.
I

lew LP:

H

+

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6a<p6<fwXXa P,
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avrov H: TO ovg ^d'Tj

(poQSt . pah P, cf. supra § 15, 1. i, textum cod. ms, P L, nXl^aq <poQSGri xip xgax^X(pi ^ xal rctg (scil. ;^c£prae?) ngbq
|

.

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(1.

xid-f)

P

7 dvaxo}^o}:

+

xal x^v

fii^riv Xvo)

P
vfV(>£yj'

§ 17. (84)
ariq

8 ^Popod-^X A: ^oS-^X P

9 VEVQ. x^^' ^S^'

xoXda|

—H
(1.

H, vfv^. xo:Aa<Tae L, vsvQ0XccXdGi]q P, v£V()0/()/Aa<yfie (sic) Fl errore iav l4.dQ}vac H L, iciv ^(panxofxevoq dx. xov fisyaXov iav dx. a6. 6. cLdova^X xb Hvof^a 'eyxXtiaav po^^o^X P 10 § 18. (85) ^V*? ^= ^^^ ^'
.

.

.

:

.

I

13— p.

55*, i)

iyw Aeqq>^X tr. P

.

.

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dvaxo>Q<^

(!•

13)

et

^yw Sov^sXxi
|

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f. 23'
[
,

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^oxX^id P, 'PojyA^tJ Fl
;f.

*
;:.

H

"ipvxoq

LP: yjvxQog
(?7ro£ai

H
|

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fxev^iq

P

11 ;c. (jt. ttovov P: ^av A: d>e fibvov P
^a^ ^m^

axofzaxov H,
'Ic^S,

axofiaxov
ta? l^^

L

|

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^^w^a.

ego:

^/^'

H, ^«? fx^i ifxfipsivriq L, Xtov .., iv 6ixa nat. P,

ififXEivfjc

P
9)pf;c.
;f.

12

^m^)

^fp.

Sn

xdX-

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13
|

§ 19. (86) ^^ot 6 li
1

n

14

^ov^fW L:

aovpEXxfi ^' xovfxeXx^X P, Kovfieax^X Fl T^v (v)ovv xal odQxaq ifznoiw H iav A:

vap;tf.

(hq

F

\

(xovov

^mTi. P:

L,

L

'

XVIII,
I

19—22

Ttt Acj'

GTOtxeta

55*

\

exroe

'X.di

dsxarog

sg)rj'

^iyco

Ear gag
* 6

xaXovfiai.

kjcKpega) rolq

^

avd-'Q^Jioiq
ipatG)

jtvQSTOvg

avtarovq.

d^iXmv

vyir^g yeviod'ai XQt-

xoXlavdgov xal ijEixQisrco ra

xsiXi]

Xiymv' >6Qxl^a) oa xaxa

5

tov dap, avax(^Qf](iov djto
avax<x)Q^'^
21. '0 s^dofiog

rov JtXddfzarog rov ^aov,< xal svO^vg

r

xal dsxarog e^rj' ^eyco hgoota xaXovfcai. exl

rov Ctofidxov
^aXavalq)'
10

rov dv&gwjtov xad^a^ofiai, xal JtoiS dcjtaCjiovg av

xal av
aini^i

06S

avglcxco rov m^d-gcojiov xal JcrwfiarlC^o},

og 6'

ap

aig
I6a,

rov de^cop corlov rov Jtdoxoptog ax rgirov
Jtoiai fis apaxoDgatP.^

dov6a

C,iC,a^ov.<
eg)r]'

22.

*

oydoog xal
/co-

[dixatog

»ayca Moda^rjX xaXovftai.

yvpatxa dno- avdgog

'i

'i>t?oj?JX H: QilmhX L, t,<oQQ}iil P ^iyxleiA, eyxXTjaov xovfxevxa^}k P, de Kovfjtevxa^l annolavit Fl: »diversa genera scripturae in una enuntiatione.« avaxatQib %xi tbv vovv xal aaQxaq l(xni& L H 2 ^ym Katga^ § 20. (87) H: laT^a^ L, «T^or| P iTCi^sQO) A: iyw xaxaaxQeqiO) P xo^^ iivid-QOi}* L f iS^i %)ovq L 3 &VLax.: nal ^ka^sQOvq P ^ . yevea^ai A: lav Q'sXrjg fie iyxXTJaai P zQiip. xok.: xq. xoXvaxQOv H, tq, xoXlavrgov L, P xoX. siotpag P 4 xal iitixQ- x. x^^-^- L: inixQis xa X^^^V c^^f^ov H, Xiyatv: ovxog H, -\- x^v iuMd^v ravxrjv P hcLXQis riav x^f-Xiifov) P 6^x1^0) &eov H ( and ^sov) L: to uvqeS-qov xb and Qvnagl(ag), dgxl^o) as xaxk xov B'SOv xov vyjlaxov xov ^qovov, oLvaxdipPc cLnd QvnaQL{ag), xal eLvaxo>QBi and xov nXda/iaxog xov d-sov P H 6 dvax(i>Qco 5 xal + &nd x6 nXdafxa r. S-eov L §21. (88) 7 ^IsQond ego: iegmnd L, xeQonax \e\. -^aQonari ^, le^on:a^}XF H inl: pr. iav L t. dvd-Q, A: xatv dv{S-g(hn)a}v P 8 xov noiot

MSS HLP
ego

=

Recc.

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aov Sovp.

cum

dubio:

1

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aanaofiovg
oag
a(Sn.
est

anaOfiovg L,

h
I

notmdanaQfxovg (sub q lineam posuit man. prim.?) P pa)., x. iv dda>' scr. mss. omnes, sed iv odw cum svqIoxo} legendum 9 evQlaxo) H: ^gm L, xal onov 6' av svgES-aJ xal s^qcd P xdv^
(i.

H

q.

anaofiovg,

cf.

Dieterich, Unters. p. 33, danaa^iivog):

noi<b

|

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av P: etnrj H, ei'noi P, slnsZ xtq L av H, xal iav L eiq xgixov L-. slg wxiov (* f. 23^ xov dv{^gatn)ov ix xqIxov H, xoXg ndaxovoiv Eig xov ovg avx&v, xa dvo^axa xavxa ix xqlxov dg xo de^tov P 11 lovda fxe ego: 'CovSat^CC^apovldEnoi el fxe H, lovda^si^apovtdh' noiovfiai L, covdagt^^jj dvax(ogsLV A: evd^g dvax(og(b P ^apowfj' dovvij P, Fl false legit Mod. xaX. H: fzodtfjX xal, L, xak. 12 e<p7j 6 tij n § 22. (89) * P f. 17^^ dvdgdg P: dvSga L, xovg eavyvvatxa L: yvvatxag HP povXSovfx^X P xto^o^^WjHai L, /op/?«>v H, -j- xal (pB-ovov intx6v. avdgaq H x^coglt^o) P
dg
.

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10
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P

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ygd\pri

P

56*
pigco.

Tcc At;'

atoixeta

XVIIl,

22— 27
d^^Csi

edv Tiq yQatpst rcov oxxo) jtaxegov ra dvofiara xal
JtQod^VQoig, avd-vg dpax€OQco,<i^
23.

avta 6V
s<pr}'

6

swaxog

xai 6exarog

»ky<h xalovfiai MagdEQco, sjiKpigo) Jivgexovg dviatovq] xal iv

otcp
5

61 olxcp^yQa\p£tg xo ovofid
etprj'

[lov, svd^vg

dvax(OQw.^
sig

24, o eixo-

oxoq

^eyat xaXovfiai ^Pug Nad^wd-co.

yovaxa xaM^oyiai
y^syo)

xmv

dv&Q(6jta)v,
25.

adv xtg ygdipst slgxdQxrjV. >*Ppovvr]^i^?.< svO-vg
JtQcoxog

avaxcoQco.*

xal slxooxog

a(p7]'

Pv^

^A/iad'

xaXovfiai, dvajtvocav xotg vrjjtlocg sfiJtoim,
6sQiCy< xai * ^a<jxdC,eif
10

adv xtg ygdipsi' >PaQi-

evdvg dvaxo)Qm.€
l(p7]'

26.
fiecid^.

dsvxEQog xal eixocxog
xagdioTcovop
sjtiJtefiJtco,

»£ycb xaXovfiat''Pv§

Avdd-

adv xtg ygdrpai' >Patovc6&,< avag)?]-

d'vg

avaxcog^A

27. o
Recc.

rgixog xal alxocxog
1 dxx<h\
|

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s^ri

MavP
|
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ovofjtaxa:

=

AB.

Tj

vel fortasse
S-fiffft

c,

H,

L, Gibv

+
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:

ev ngoS:

d-r^asL LP: X&qx^ P i/xn^oGQ-i^atg H, i^nQoa^Qaiq L,

aoXo/xcbv iv

H
oi'xov

2 avza

—H

+

xov

avtov P

MS P
X<tiQ(b,

e=^

Rec, B.
iKiyQa<f>ii

pro svOvQ dvax(oQ<o praebet textum hunc; epcsTS-ev dvct-

^ de
ical

laadxj

6 d-sdg laxm^,

ianv amrj' xsksvsi aoi 6 dvax<i>QVO0v dnd tov

d-sog d^Qaafx, xal 6 d-{ed)^
oYtcov

zovtov

fi^i

stQ'^vi^gy

EvQ-vg (Jva/wpdi

MSS HPL
(1.

= Recc.
.
.

4) et Nad^dd'O)

.

AB. § 23. (90) 3 c^jt? d /^ H MaQd^QO) (xov ^vovvtj^l^X (11. 5 6) tr. P iyw icaXov^ai Ma^de^o) P:
|

.

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iyw ^v| xakovfxat f/adovo)^ H, dya) f/avdQapovQOvv xccXovfjat 6ov L ini(p. nvQ, dviav. H: nvQ, dv. entq). L, nv^szov enmsfXTia) dvlazov xoXg dv[%'Q(hn)oig P z6 dv. fx.ov L, idv rt? (* Mg xai fjiov H: ivLo)' ol'xo) yQatpsr
|

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^345) y^dxpjj Eig xd^zi^v ^t^klov acprjv^Q^ Qa<pa)iX, dvax(t*QT]/z^p [dvaxcoQTj/xev Fl), avgov SovQov, xal xw zqccx^Xoj ne^tdipis ^ ^ avS'vg P: evd'iwg L,
E(pr]
[

5 § 24. (91) 'Py^ Nad-wS-o) H: vawS- P
I

H
G

eyo)
I

Qt^lva d-d'

d-co

xaXovfiai,

L

|

xal eig zd yovaza

P
|

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slg xd^xrjv H-. eig x^9'

{d-Q(b7i)a)

L, rov dv{S'Q(bn)ov

H
P

zlov L, iv xd^t^
vad-ad-^
. . .

P

I

^vovvTjp.
arprig

iniyi)d\pri P H: (pvovvi<pa^X

L,

(pvovvo^o-qoX,

^e^eX^e

xal ZQaxdXiv
(1.

fiaazat^st

9) et

7 § 25. (92) 'Pv^ Avdafietod. ^aiovwS[x^
. .

cV/j?/

d

xa

'H
tr.

\

^Pv^ ^AXd^

(11.

10— 11)
|

H
.

|

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liiXdS-

ego:

^^^ 6 dXdd- H, p2| 6Xd& L, dXdd' P
^ccl

8 dvanvotav P: dlanna H,

dvCGTiVia L, pr. prjx^
ardtiSi
{-\-

P

|

vfjnioig

L: naiolv P,

—H

y^dtpei
eig

.

.

^a-

avz<b)

H:

y^axp.

xal ^aox.' ^a^tde^lg L,

iniyQaxpy

xa()Ti/v

QOQ^^ Slw^ov ov

MSS HL
cf.

dXdd-, xal zw zQaxiiXm nsQidipy P 9 * =i Rec. A. 10 § 26. rfeyr. dvaxot^o)
. .
.

H

f.

24^

P, errore

Mg
tr.

6

xp' pro 6 xy* posito b xy*
supra
I

27) omitteri videtur

|

sectiones 26 et 25

H,

'Pvf Aldafi.

H: ^tf

avfiadeoiB- (ante xaXovfxai)

L

11

;fff()-

^«v r/^ ygdipei ^dit.wd' xaXovf^at idv ztjg y^dyjet pai^wO- xal paoid^si dvaxat^ti* ozi xaQ6i6novog inif/niaei xal nsfino) L
<J/07t.
.

.

.

dvaxoiQOf H:

MSS HLP

=

Recc.

AB.

§ 27. (93)

12

e(pt]

6 xy

K

\

"Pb^ Mavd^.: ^l^

fxav&adu) L, ^v^ avS-ddtjg H, vE(pd-a6d P

XVIII,

27— 33
xaXovfiai. Gvd'vg

xa

Xc,'

axoix^Xa

57*

^aJ(5

V£g)Qovg akyelv

:;toico,

mv

rtq yQaipei' >IacoO-j
ecp?]'

QvQirjXi^

avaxwgm.t

28.

o

rsraQvog xal slxoOrog
aXyslv
Jtotco,

nym
t,

^Pv^ ^Axrovfie xaXovfiai.

Jtlevgag

iav xtg
»eyco

ygatpEt sv

v2^

aJto jckolov aOroxriCavtog'
29.

>aeQlov MagfiaQacad-j^
Bg)i]'

sv&vg dvaxcoQi^*^ *

**

o jtifiJtrog xal slxoorog

'Pu^ ^Avaxokd- xaXovjiai.
CtiXXo).

^sOsig xal :itvQc66aig elg dJcZayx^^ ava30. o

sav axovCco' ^agaga agag'fi< svO^g apaxoygS.^

'Evavd-a xaXovfiai, q)givag hrog xal slxoorog £g)rj' ^eyw ^Pt5g htoxXsJcrw xal xagdlag aXXotm, hav xig ygdy)et' >KaXa^a^X,<
^

svdig dpaxc()g<^^^
^A^rjO^vd'

31.

o

efidofiog xal

slxoorog

eq)7]'

^syo)

Pv^

i

xaXovfiat.
/is

lav rig ogxlost

vjtsxrixovg jroico avO-gdjtovg xal alfioggoovg, slg olvov * axgarov xal ddosi ra> Jtdoxovtc,

ev&vg avaxo!)gco,«
32.
\

V

oydoog xal slxoOrog

sq)?]'

»Eyd> ^Pv^lijid^ xaXovfiac.
g)p?]6iOfi6g,<

ayQVJtvlag

sJtiJtsfi:n:a).

sav rig yga^st >x6x'
svd"vg

xal jtsgid-

fei rotg xgoraq)Oig,

dvaxcogS,<^

33. 6 svvarog xal slxo"

orog

sq)r}'

^sya>

Pv^

'Avoortjg xaXovfiai,
Jt:oico,

firjrgofiavlag snt7cifiX(X)
slg

xal Jtovovg sv

r^ xvOtsi

sav rtg

skaiov xad-agov rgsig

MSS HLP =1
!/act>^,
I

Recc.

AB.
cad)S^

1

noici):

+ Hal
slg

avQayyiGfiovg ovQ(t)v invceXii}
(in

P

OvQiTjX

H:

oQi^X L,

Xafivbv

marg. dextr.

nhaX <)

xaaaixiiQivoVj lad^ibd; oi}QOv^X, v6<pS^a6a

IV^ 6 x6 Yi
H- Siio^ov
4:

y^dxpei:

olsqIov dnonXov. ov daxoXLaavxoq H MaQfi. H: dgviov fiaQfza^aa)8; aa^awQ-j axtov fxsv dlco^ovj xal neQidxpfj toj 5 * Mc explicit in media col. cod. ms. L (f. 18^2) lcxl(p P

Svq

~

Q^^ axzovfXB H, ^^t| xxov^e L^ axxov (xkv P, transversa linea deletum P i/xnotio H nXsvQag xal "ipoaq P ^^" vX^ P: oHo H, i^Xlo) L, ^^^ ylvipTj P x^^^^^ ^ 3 ^yo)
I |
|

xal TtSQidip^

toj layjio

P

2 § 28. (94)

L

|

+

1

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I

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|

MSS HP
7

=

Recc.

AB.

§ 29. (95)
x,

5

* *

P

f
|

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17^
slq

6 ^Pb^

H:

P

j

^iastq X. TtvQBGsiq

H, xavasig
1

nvQajasiq

P

xal voSov
TteQidtp^

aQuga x«^a(>a P § 30. (1. vwddv) Tcotw P
rdv x^Q'^nv
*
I

(96)
|

8 'Pv^ d 'Ev.: KaXa^ai^XJi: aXXa^O(oX^ dlco^ov ivevovO-, xal

xa onX. anoaxeXXu) P 9 ^XXoiio ivevov& P

P
I

fiOQoovq H,
^

aifxoQaalaq
f.

1^ § S^- (97) '^^^ 'A^^a^vS{aifiOQQaylaq conj. Bn) noio}
olv.
|

H

H

24^

tov

i&v

(1.

alcbvoq Crtr)

Xiymv
(1.

Evmdn RxQaxov P oQx'ifyi oe xaxh xov kvdexdxov
TCistv Crtr)

H: ^/)^ P 11 alP 1^ xiq ygdrpec rfotaft H: xaxa zov kvSexdiiov Tcavaat

d^taxpO-id;

xal 6dq noietv

P
ygdip^'P lb dygvnvoTiviaqP P "Avoax^g P: 17 W|

§ 32. (98)
I

14

'Pt'l

xdx ,., nsQidxp^
I

P,

—H
-\-

kTtal H: ctV^ralP

16

§ 33- (99)

\

I

dax^^H

imnsfiTtQ):

idv xiq ygatpy xbx'
xi^xt]

(pvrjSiCfxdq*

xal ncQidip^ trans-

versa linea deleta

P

18 xvaxei-

H

|

elq:

ygdtpei

H

^

58*

ta
6dg)vrjg

X<;'

axoix^Xa

XVIII, 33—40
>6QxlC,a)

xoxxovq

Xedvag

ejcaXsiipsi

liymv

Osxara rov
se/co

MaQiiaQa(Dd-,< 8v&vg dvaxo^gS,^

34.

o rgiaxoOtog

Eg)r]'

Pu|
siq

^votxoQed- xaXovfiai.

fiaxQovoOiav jtoiS.

adv xiq fiaksl aXaq
>X£QOv^lfij

eXaiov xal
5 fio7]d'6lrSj<

ejtaXel'ipsi

ror

dad-Evriv
35.

liymV

csga^lfij
efptj'

Evd^vg dvaxcoQS,<i^

JtQwrog xal rgtaxoordg

sl/co 'Ptjg 'AXEVQrjd- xaXovfiai,

oOria lxd"6og xaraxivcov^ sdv
Elg

rig

{rov) avxov ix^vog oariov eJti^rj^Ei

xa ^v^ia rov

:7cd<Sxovxoqj

Ev&vg *

avaxcoQco.<s^

36.

Pv^ Ix^vov
^aycb

xaXovf/ai.

eg)7]' >Eym VEVQa nagaXvm, * aav 6e axovOco' >A6o}'

dEvxEQog xal XQiaxo6xbg

10 pal, fiaXd"i],< Evd"vg

avaxcoQm^^

37. o

XQixogxai XQtaxo6xbg
av
r<p

£g)7]'

xal

Pv^

'Axcoveco^ xaXovfiai.

(pagvyyi xal xolg
>X6i-

jtaQiod-filoig otovov jtotS.

sdv xtg alg (pvXXa xiCCov ygd^Ei'

xovQyog< fioxQvdbv ^dvaxcoQlg,^ av&vg avaxcogS,^ 38, *0 XExagrog xal xgiaxoCxog E(pri' ^sycb ^Pvg Avxa)d- xa^5 Xovfiai,

<pd-6vovg g)lXcov xal fidxctg Jtoico.

xaxagyai
jtdvxa

fiE

dh xb a'

xal xal

/9'

ygag)6fCEvov.^
^d-rivEthdfiE

39.

jtafcjtxog

xal rgiaxocxog

i<pr}*

^aym

'Pt)|

xaXov[iai'

^acxaivo)

avd-gwjcov.
40.

xaxagyEl

dh

6 jtoXv^tad-iig 6g)d'aXfibg kyxccgaxxofcsvog,

MSS HP
^agad)^ H;
(1.

= Recc.
.

fia^f^ccQao),

AB. 1 leojvaq navaov P
|

8&<pvriQ

H

]

a^-

avoax^^ P
.

2
.

MaQ-

§ 34. (100)

^Pv^ ^vaix.
]

.

^o^d-Hxe

^vaix. H: fj ndaxovToq (11. 6—7) tr. P dad-Ev^v H: elg sXaiov ^aXatv akaq 3 paXsL {^aXetv ms.) . 4 osgatplfi' x^QO^P^f^' porjS^aaxi fioiY TQinxdv iitaXElipTi xbv x&fivovxa P sectiones 35 et H 'Pv^ "AX. H: aXXe^oQlQ- P 5 § 35- (3O 6 ^yo> ndaxov7 daxia xaxanivcov ego xaxanLvEiv H 34 tr. P, V, supra xoq: itkv xig vvxxo<payi^Gri (sub v linea brevi ducta supra eandem ri ponit ms.; in marg. lat. Ix^o scr. man. prim.) Soxiov xaxamrj, xal agag datiov d%b 9 'Pv^ 8 * H f. 25^ xov Ix&iog ^^oaet P /9^?ta H § 36. (102) * P f. 18^ xal avvxgi^o) P P naQaXvo) P: naXLu) H, Ix^vog H
5) et "Ph^

"AXsvQld-

.

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|

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P

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I

(Jfi


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+
|

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iv noim: iv xoig onaQ'Pv^ 'Axo)v. H: dyxovlwv P 12 iav tpoLQayyiK naQL^fxloii; ydvoiQ xal iv zip <pdQvyyt xeXfiai^ naQa %v dvaxoi^lg H: xal Mv xig slq <pvXXa avx^g ygdtp^' Xvxovgyog, ygafXfia {ivnagd' ivyQafi^d ms.), ygd-ipri Sh ^mxQvdbv (in marg. ^o <) P

II xal
.
.

P P

'Adcovat,
I
I

f^dxe^r)

H:
\

ddova?)^^

fioi^d-ei
.

P
,

10

§ 37- (^os)

,

|

H

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h

13 dvaxo>Q(b: 4- Xvxovgyoq vxovQyoq- xovQyoc,* ovgyog* ybg' 8e P 15 fd-ov. noiat P AvzojO- H: avxoS-iS- P § 38. (104) 14 'Pu^ Sk yga<p, H: ovv xb RX<pa xaxaq. fxe: xaxagyovfiai H X. ixdyag P 17 x. 'Pv^ ^^;/v.: ^B-ijvod16 § 39. (105) xal xb d>niya ygatpofiEva P dtp&aXr. ovv 6h 18 xax. f^e: xaxagyovf^ai H Ttavzl dv[d-Q(bn)<p P ivxcci^axxdfisvov H d(p^aX^dg TtoXvna^ffg P § 40. (106)

I

|

|

.

.

.

]

.

,

.

I

|

|

XVIII,

40—XIX,

2

7)

66^a xov SoXofx&vtoQ
^iyco xal ^Pv^
£Q7]fico'

59*
xaXovfiai.

hxoq xal TQcaxoarog
ygd'^BL

eqit}'

MiavW

rS

0(hiiati £Jtlg)d'0v6g elfir
i

oixovg

ddgxag

dg^avl^o).

sdv teg

EV rotg jtQod'VQoig

avadd',< q)6vyco iyco
5

rov oixov ovrcag' * >fi£Xjtco dgdad rov rojtov,^ * 41. xal ravra dxovOag syco
42. xal fjv^dfcrjv

UoXoficop ido^aaa

rov d-sov rov ovgapov xal

X8v6a avTOvg v6a)Q g)£Qsiv.

y^g xal sxeJtQog rov d-eov rovg
Tfjg

ixQidxovta

e^ dalfiovag rovg efi^todi^ovrag

t^

dvd'Qtoototritt JtgoG-

iqiB^d^ai slg

rov vaov rov
7Jfif]v

d^sov,

XIX. Kal
10

avO'Q<Ajta)V

UoXoiimv rifzcafisvog vjco Jtdvrcov rmv rcov vjtoxdro) rov ovQavov, xal cpxodojiovv rov vaov
syo)
ri

rov d-eov,
3tdprsg
ol

xal

^aCiXeia fiov
fis

rjv

evd-vvovCa,

2.

xaX riQXOvro
d-eov

^aCtlElg jiQog

d-EooQ^cai

rov vaov rov
fce,

ov

<pxo66(iovp, xal

%Qv6iop xal dgyvgiop exofit^op JtQog
AB.
1
ical

^aXxov

MSS HP
I

=
seal

Recc.

vaxlQ-

P

1

tov a(bfiaxoq P
-\~

r

&^avit,(o:
*

'Ph^ ego: x^P^S H, P Miavh^i ^ta2 innpd^, P: 4^d-6fisvov H i^i^f^ovg H daa aXXa votavta P P 3 rotg ovrmg: avxov P
|


|

|

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f
''

H

f.

25V
I

firiXzib'

glqSov' dvaad-

P

4 ^yw

—P
P

|

*
|

Mg

1348

|

ro-

nov ixelvov
^stv iv tip

'

P \ § 41. (107) vaa> rov S-sov P
=! Rec.

5

;c.

ixek.. isesX, de

6

tpeQeiv

H:

xofil-

MS P
ht
i,ovTag
\

B

pro § 42 textum interpolatum
scvqiov

praebet hunc:

§ 42.

teal

7i^oar,v^dfZ7]v

UQoq

xbv d-sov wots tovq

^'^to

daifzovag

xal

ifiTCoSi-

d'sov.

§ 43. iyo) 6e
trig obcoSof^rjg

T^v avd-^wTtoTTjra avfiTiodi^eaO-ai xal ?rpoae()X£<^at sk tdv vadv xov rovg f^sv xmv daifiovcov starsxQiva s^yd^saQ-ai zd ^a^sa

s^ya
corr.

ms.) xatsxXsiaa:

Ql(p

xal (jLoXv^6(a

rov vaov tov deov' rovg dh g)QOV^alg (Fl, ex yjQovgovg § 44. ste^ovg nvQoiiaxaXv ixiXsvaa XQvaicp xal dQyv: xal <pidX(i) Tia^axad-s^EOd-ai, xal toXg XotnoZg Salfioai tQd-

Tcovg fjtoifiaadac ^<p^ olg dtpeiXovat xataxXetad-fjvai.

MS
C.

H

=

Rec.

A
:=^

in § 42 brevem textum praebet.

XIX.

MS P

Rec.

B

pro

c.

XIX,

II.

9— p.

60*, 4, textum interpolatum

Kal slxov noXX^v ijavxlav iyo) ooXo^ibv {in raarg. inf. add. faai7,evg ms.) iv nda^ (f. 18^ t^ y^ xal iv ecQirjvy dif^yov noXXy, tifitb^svog VTcd Ttdvtwv 0Lv(d'Q(b7i)o}v xal xmv vnb twv ovQav&v, xal (pxodofiovv tov vaov
praebet hunc; (108)

dXov xvQLOv tov d-eov,

P
;

fxst

ifiov,

xal ^ ^aaiXeia fj.ov ^v evdvvovaa xal 6 atQatog fxov xal Xoinbv dvenavaato fi noXig i{sgovaa)X^/j. xcclQovaa xal kyaX-

ol paaiXEtg xvg yt^g ViQXOVto ngog ^e ditb t&v tdv vadv dv toxoSofiovv x{vQL)(p to) d[e)ipj xal ixovaavtsg t^v oocpiav t^v dodeZaav fioi n^oaexvvovv (xoi elg tdv vaov XQvalov xal d^yv^iov, xal Xtdovq tifilovg noXXovg SLa<p6Q0vq, xal xaXxbv xal (xot aldfjQOV, xal fioXt^Sov, xal ^Xa xedQtva, xal ^vXa aorjuta nQoaifpe^Sv
XtCDfiEV^.

§

2.

xal anavtsg
S-EQ)^f]<fat

nsQdtwv

tfjg

yfjg

slg

t^v xataaxev^v tov vaov tov dsov.

MS

H.

§

I.

1.

10

ixo6d)fiOvv ms.

6o*
re
^ai
at6t]Qov

ysQO)V

seal

6 vldg avxov

XIX,

2—XX, 4
stq
ttjv

xal

[loXv^dov
3.

xal

§vka JtQOOag)SQOV
tj

xaraCxEv^v rov vaov.
Yoi]g vjiaQxovCa JtolX^

sv

olg xal

2a^a

ffaCiXiaoa

Norov

r^

(pgovrjCet rjld^s xal JtQo^ExvvrjOEV hv6-

JtlOP fiov.
5

XX, Kal
Jtiov (lov

idov siq rcov rsxvtvSv yrjQaiog £QQty)£V avrov hvcaXiycov i>^aotXBv UoXoiicov vlog Javaid, eXdrjaop fis to
d^iXatg,^
2,

yegag,^

xal alxov avxm' ^Xiya^ ytQop,
^aCiXav,

o 6e s^r/'

>6aofial aov^

vlov e^o) fiovoyavrj^ xal ovrog xad-' hxa-

Cxrjv * vfigaig hnayai [lot x«^e:7r«?, arvjiva fiov
JO

yag xo JtQoacojtov
fiot JtoiTJaai.

xal

xTiv

xa<paXriv,

oxi d^avaxov nixQov ajtayyiXat

Tovxov x^Q^^ JcgoCriXd-ov tva axdix^a^g (loi.^ 3. aycl) 6a xavza axovCag axaXavoa ayayalv ifiol xhv vlov avrov. xovxov 6a aX~ d-ovrog ELJtov * avxm' ^ovxa)g axaig;<i 4. 6 6e Bg)r}' ^acog axovolag
^5
efiJtajcXf]6fiai,
I'Xacog fiot

fiacfiXav,

Scxa rov yavvrixoga
ad-afiixov

fiov jiaXafi'^ xoc-

XLva^at,

yavov,

a> fiaCiXav'

yag dxov6at

MS
noXXy

P

=
ra

Rec. B,

§ 3.

iv

olg Tcal ^aalXiaaa vozov yoijg vna^x^"^^^

^'^

(p^ovrjoet fjXS-ev xal Tcgoasxvvriaev ivojniov fzov inl r?)v yj^v, xal ascov(xov

aaaa r^v ao<plav
doxL/jtaalav

iSo^aae rov d-edv rov l{aQa)riX'

iv

olq xal idoxifxaas
do-

xijg

aocplaq iiov ndvta,

^Saa iao<piadfX7]v

«^t^v xar^ r^v

B-etGav fioi ao<plav:
Parallela ad
C.

xal ndvxeq v\ol i(aQa)^X iSS^aoav xbv S-eov.

c.

XX

v. infra in

ms.

XX.

MSS HP
P vnagx^ ^

= Recc. AB.
6 vloq J.
1

D

c.

IV.
f^fisQatg ixelvaiq

(no) 5 l6ov iv xaXq

yriQaibq x^v rjXixiav
6xL ytiQaibq

—P
|

P
1

|

fze: fiov conj.

James

|

xo

ysQ.'.

x.

alnov avx, ego:

x.

slnov a\)idv H, xeXavaaq
|

ovv avrov dvaaxilvat xal

(prialv

P

Xiye: sItcs
*

P
.

ovxmq P

xaO-^ ex.
I

(scil.

7]fX6Qav)

—P
|

§ 2.
|

8 £/a>v

H

|

P
.

f ig'^

inaydyTj fiovH
tiqoo.
|

\

exvTCxs ego: ^xvtpov

H, xal xvipaq P

fzov

.

.

yeXsxai

10 xe^aXrjv P

fxov SisxiXXev

|

noifjoat
1.

P

|

Srt: xal

P
|

|

^e xaxa mxgdv. Ttovtjgdv P
nQoawn.'.
. . .

P

inay(sic,

P

11 xovxov

H

TtQoa,
|

^oi\ Tigoslrjfxoi

P exdtxi^o^q conj. James: 12 dxovaaq xaxevvyTjv dnoixdixTJq alq 'B. aoXofzwv P § 3. (m) 6h\ dyayelv ego: dyyayhv H, dx^^vat P fiXeyjaq stq x6 ixalvov yfJQaq, xal P xovxov sxat-q' xov 6h dxO-evxoq i7ieQ(bTovv avxov at ovxwq ^/fi P 13 § 4. o 6s S(p7jv a, o 6h v£oq a<p7} P
TtQOolri^ai'^ Fl;
TtQoaeifXi) v/nlv, ixSlxrjoov fxs
\

+

|

.

.

.

I

MS P => Rec. B pro eoiq xaXatnOQiav (11. 13 p. 61*, 1) textum interpolatum praebet hunc: ovx omcoq dnovola iy(i> ifXTtenXriOfjievoq waxe xov ysvv-^xOQd fxov 7i[avs)Qa naXd^^ xvipac. ^lXe<oq yevov (XOl paoiXsvq {q finali transversa linea deleta). ov yid^) dd-ifzixa xoiavxa xexoXfZijxa 6 xaXatTtOQOq iyd) MS H Rec. A. 15 dd-ifiLXOv ego: dS-^q fioi xdv H
.

.

.

=

XX,

4— 10

^ nQdyvmoiQ xov ^O^vlov

6l*
ovv 2JoXo(imv zov
evvotav eXdeiv.
6

avxriv Jtaga^oXr^v xal taZaiJioQiav,^

5.

eyco

veov dxovdag jcaQsxaXovv
Se

top

XQe(SfivT7]v alg

ovx ^d-^Xsv aXX
6.

eIjib'

^d'avarcoadro) avrov.

5 d"rji'

Xictv

Kal d-scogSv xov daifiova OQviav yeXaaavTa iym id'Vfico8V x^ yeXaOai avrov evcijtiov fiov, xal rovrov [iSTaOrrjifih
7.

Gaq,

ExiXavaa top ^Ogviap eXd^Blv xal djtov avrtp' ^xazTjQafiips,
6e
sg)?}'

jtQocfEyi2.a0ag;^
\

^diofiai aov,

^aOcXsv' ov

6id os

lyilaca,
*

dXlh 6ia xov 6v6t7jvov y^Qovxa xal xov ad^Xtov veov,
avxov xaxwg aveXstv,^
sxsc;^
8.

Tov rovtov vtov 6x1 (iexa XQetg ^/leQag xsd-vi^^exatj xal l6ov
xal syat elnov'
^aOLXsv,<
9.
^fj

100 ysQcov ^ovXexat
\

aXfid-Sg *

ovxmg

dalfiwv

sl:n:6'

^>vai,

xal

[

hciXEvCa

fiExadx^vai
vlov,

xov
10. *
15

xovxov

xov dalfiova xal aXd-elv xov yigovxa xal xal kxiXEvCa avxovg slg g)iXiav yeviod^ai,
jigsc^vx^'
*fied-^

xai eIjiov

xw

^fiEQag xgetg ayaya fiot

xov

vlov Oov code A

ol 6e
Recc.

jtQoOxvv^Cavxeg avEicogriCav,
1 §
5.

MSS HP
(

=
P

AB.

ovv. 6b

V

\

t.

vsov

ax:,

xavr* ax, Ttaga
|

T,

viov

P

2 Tt^so^vxeQOv

P

|

^evvoiav

HP: svvoiav
3 aXX'
.

conj.
. .

xal 6sxsaB-ai

xov vlov r^v ditoXoylav P
pro § 6 textum praebet
ve(j)

James iXd^sZv avt.: aXXa fxctXXov
fi^ nelQ'SGB'ai

d-avaro)&^TW

MS P
:

= Rec. B

liuiic

:

iv 6s X(p

xov

TtQSO^vxBQOV sfjCSkXov X(p
xov 6alfA0va nibv
fj.ov'

xifico^iaQ a7to<p^vaad-ar

xal ^B(j>QiiOaq dgvlav
ivat-

yEl&vxa'

iSvfiwS'Tjv fisydkwq dia xo

yeXdaai xov 6alfiova

xal xovxovg fXExaaxfjaai ixeXsvaa o^viav slg fisaov
^B<priv

dx^vai xov

§^(jLaxoq.

xov 6b dx^^vxoq{M.g 1349)

avtaj' inixaxd^aXE, xl fiB n^oaxiav

iyeXaaag;

MS
ccvzdv

H=
I

Rec. A.

§

6.

4

d'eopo)

H

|

ysXdaaavxa

H

xaxi^gafievE vel xaxEiQptivB ego: xaxBQBLfxsvs

H H
.

5 avxip ego:

MSS HP
9
*

=
I

Recc.
T.

H f.

27^

AB. 6 § 7. 6e: daificov P xovx. vlov: vlov avxojv fiBxd

8 xovxov xbv 6vax. P
. .

H

xed-v.:

XQBiq fjfxs^ag

|

xal iv d(j)Qla xExBXsvxi^aBi 6 vidg avxov

P

10

s^axoig dvaiQEtv
(112)
(*
f.

avxov P
6h
ao?^Of/,ibv

MS P
Uyer

=

Rec.

B

axovaag xavxa'
d?^i]0-7j

B(prjv

§ 8 textum praebet hunc: Ttgdg 6atfi6viov' dXri^ bIoiv
in

iycj

19^) a Aeyftg; d 6e

xavxa, ^aaiXBv
8 textum breviorem praebet.

11 § 9. xal dxovaag iyu) P toy yriQaibv (ZBxa xal xov vlov avxov P 13 xat

MS H =5 Rec. A in § MSS HP = Recc. AB.
xd

V
|

12

iXQ-Btv

ndXcv

slg (piX. yev.; <piXla

XQuni^vaiy xal

slg x^0(p9jv avxoZg

naQaaxo^BVog P
"*

MSS HPQ
sus incipit

=
Q
T.

Recc.

AB.

14

ms.

(cc.

HI

—XX 9

* § 10.

post omissionem
]

omissis, v. supra p. 16*)

x,

maximam bic rurBbtov H: Blnov
xal iTCivoovfiai

ovv

B
I

tbtff

vlov aov B,

aircov

P

15

ot 6e tcqooxvv.

xal 6iaxd^a) avxov Q, B: xal TtQooaexvvi]aav H

+

+

62*
II.

^ nQoyvwaiq zov ^Oqvlov

XX, ii— r6
Jtgog
fiB

jtov

Kal exsXsv^a avrS' '^Xeye fioi

jtaXtv ayayElv
jtod'Bv
12.

rbv Ogviav
<5v

xal

el"

xovro
6b

oldag

on

fCETa rgstg ^fii-

gag Tsd-vi^^srai o
XOfiBd-a BJtl
5

V£og.<s^

Bq>i]'

^'^fietg 01

dalfiovsg dveg-

tjtrafiEd-a

rov oregedfiarog rov ovgavov xal fiB6ov tcov aOrgoav xal axovojiBV rag axoq)a6Big * * rag B^Bgxofievag djtb
rag tpv^ag tdav av&ga>Jt(X)V.
13.

rov

d'Bov Bjrl

^xal XotJtov hg^b-

fiBd-a

xal bItb bv dwaOTBia, bItb bv Jtvgl,

bLxb hv gofig)ala, bits
14.

BV <tvfiJtT(6fiaTi iiBxaOxri^att^o^BVoi dvaigovfiBVA^

xal

EJtrj-

gmTi]Ga avrov' ^keyB
10

fioi

ovv Jtwg
oprBg.<i^

vftslg
15.

dvvaad-B Big rbv ovga6b
Bq)j]

vbv dva^aivBtv dalfiovBg

fiot'

^ooa bp
dg^cxl xal

ovgavS

sjzirBZovvraj

ovrcog xal

BJtl

r^jg yijg,

at

yag

B^ovoiac * xal

6vvafiBLg

avco tjtravrat xal t^^ bIo66ov tov ov-

gavov a^tovvrai.

16, ?]fiBZg 6b oc 6alfiovBg

dTovov/iev

/ir]

sxovrBg

Recc. AB. (113) 1 Kal Q: H, rovt(ov 6h dTtskS-ovtcDv P H: ndXiv SxsL iXS^sTv tiqoq fxe tbv Saifiovav ^O^viav Q, ixek. slnov^avx. HP: Xiym ngbq avzdv Q siq fiBOov ax^fjvai tov dQvlav P vsoq H: ov za fzsXXovxa yiVihaxsiQ Q, av xavxa oUaq P 3 § 12. 2 zovto 4 inl x. cxbq* H; xaxd. «vep;^OiMfvoi H y<p7j H: elnev P, Xiyei fioi Q * H f. 27^ doxsQwv B 5 iTCxafi, B: aTtxwfiied-a H xb GX8QB0){xa B ** Q f. 12^ P, n^bq xovq ctyyekovq Q ttTib T. ^. H: naQci d-eov Q,
1

MSS HPQ
... (Ue

^

is<eX.

|

.

.

.

|

I

I

]

|

+

Rec. pro § 13 textum praebet hunc: xal iQXO^eO-a fxsxa dv MS vaoxelaq' elxe QO(x(pala eIxe iv tivqI' xal avcQOVfiev avtovq fXExaaxrifx, post dvaiQOvRec. B. MSS PQ 6 § 13. iQxoiied-a elq x^jv y^jv Q

H

=

A

=

|

fxev add.

PQ

glossam hanc; xal idv xcq dxcod-dv^ iv dw^lcc
fi^ iv

jj

^ii^ xivl {xal

.

.

,

xivh xal iav
oi dalf^ovsq

(+

eIq

^ ^ia xivl dnoS-, P), fiEzafioQ(povfZ£d'a fifieiq xb ovofia xov XEd^Eoxoq, Q) Saxe 7iaQa(paivEa^aL {(patv, P)
dcDQia
xlq^

xoXq
TtlvTjq

dv^Qa)7ioiq
(fvaecoq P)

xal ai^ead-at

r/fxaq

(+

iitl

xfjq

ex xoiq corx.

dvd-Qo)-

MSS HPQ => Recc. AB. 8 § 14. i£. in. avxov H: (114) iyo) 6e [iyo) yovv P) xavxa dxovoaq idd^aaa xvqlov xbv d-sbv xal iit. ndXiv rbv dalfiova B B ovxsq: -\~ xal fisaov xwv dax§^a>v 10 dvap/^vaiB 9 ovv et vfxetq

\

xal xSiV ayltav dyyiXoiv fxiy^vai

B
. .

|

§ 15. fioi
.

B
(p.

MSS PQ
oiaij

= Rec. B
(*

pro ovxcaq

dvanavOEwq

63*,

1.

1) praebent haec:

ov%Q)q xal inl xf^q yrjq [pi inl yJ^qQ) ol xvnoi

avx&v

eIoIv

yd^

dgx^l'^

i^ov

xoGiioxQoxOQBq

P

f.

20^).

xal Inxd^sd^a ^{xeXq ol Salfiovsq iv

xS> digi

xal dxovofJLEV TCOV iitov^avicov xdq (pcovdq xal (+ ndaaq P) xdq (-h inovQa' v'laq Q) dvvdfXELq d-eco^ov/jtev {imS-scoQ.'P)' xal wq fx^ ^sxovxeq pdaiv dvaitavG£Q}q dx()VOVfl£V

MS H
(cf.

=

Rec. A.

Rec.

B

supra):

13 § 16. dxovovfiev 12 "nxavxai ego: ^xxavxe ahxbv ovv f^hv H, forte 1. dxovOfiEV, ^^ 6s ^Exovrsq
21; II 2

H

§ 15.

Eph.

I

XX, i6

—21
i]'^

7j

Ti^oyvoxTig xov ^Ogvlov

63^

^aCiv ^dva^adecog
ajto

avccjravdswc

,

xal exjtljtrofzep Scjieq q>vXXa

tmv divdgwv
siolv
ol

xal 6oxov0iv ol
ajzo

d-soQovvreg avd-QWJtoc ore
ly.

aCTEQsg
kzij
5

jiijctovrEq

tov ovQavov,

ovx ovvcog

* ^aCiXsVj

dkXa

JtljurofiEV dia rf^v dcd^Evetav

^fiSv xal Iv
ol

r^
trjp

(irj6a(i6&ev

e^eiv avrl/tTj^piv xataxl:^rofiEv cog dargajtal eju
jtoXEcg xarag^ZEyofiEV xal

y^v,

xal

dygovq

ifiJtvQl^ofiEP,

6h
18.
I

dcxEQEg TOV ovgavov tE&sfishmfiEvoc eIcIv ev xq) ctEQEcofiari.^
xal

xavra dxovoaq

e/<b

EoXonwv

kxiXEvoa tov daifiova

xrj-

p£f(J^a« %a)q i^fiEQSv jievte.

19.

Mera

6h rag jievte rjfiEQag [lEraxaXEOafiEVog xov ysgovxa

ovx tJ&s^.ev
1

kXd-Eiv,

eha

EXd-cop,

Etda

avxov
xal

xsd^Xtfifisvov xal

Mvd-ovpxa.
6e E^f]'
xilov

20. xal eIjiov avxat'

^Jtov ecrcp 6 vlog oov, yigop;^

'

^ajtaig EyEPOfirjp,
21.

(h

^aCiXsVy

dpEkJtcGxog

xa(p(p

i

3taQa<pvXdxxa).^
6x1
dXrjd^?]

l/co

6e JSoXcjiSp dxovcfag

xavxa xal

5

71^0%

I

sdo^aOa xop d-EOP

xa Jtaga xov dalfiopog xov ovgapov xal xrjg yrjg. *
eIoc

* XaXr^^EPxa (zoi

MSS HPQ =^
ol

Recc.

AB.

3 § 17. ov/ c5 ^aa. P 4 * H f. 28^ ovx ^^o>e e^^^"^ ^^ ?>"• ^^^' ^ aU' ^fiEig iaf^sv. xal ninxofjisv inl r^v yfjv 6ia. Q 5 pLri6afj.6&sv B: fi^ avriXrjip.: avciXeysLV Q nlTiTO)6vvdfied-a H l/fiv HPIs: exfJf^Ev Q
hfO-QOi-Jtot

6oxovatv 8rt

{+

nlTttovrsg 2 doxovaiv ol P) aaxsQEg Tt'ntxovaiv
. . .

H

.

d-scagovvrsq r^f^ag

B

ovtmg iarl:

|

|

|

|

|

fxev

H: iv awQia (tcoXX^ ex jtoXXf^g corr. add. P) xal i^dB xsS-s/zsX. TtLva [ai(pV7iSiQ}g Q) B xov 'ovgavov 1 6s HQ: yaQ P HPIs: xe S-^fxsXoi Zfioiov P axEQBOfi. H: oi)Qavq> Sansg d ^Xiog xal ^
I

H

inl

r. yj^v

|

|

|

aeX-^vij
e'

B

8 §

18. (115)

xdv

.

.

.

TtdvxE: <pQovgEC<jQ-ai r. 6ai(x. ^dxQt i^fxeg&v

B

9 ^iiBQatg
§ 19.

H H
I

10
6

iisxa Sh^fi.l'

insxaXeadfifiv

Q

+

^dfiTCgoad-ev fiov

Q, 4- VifieXXov igcoxdv P
fxe

yigovxa H: yriQaibv B, nsvS-, H: 11 ovx fjS-sX.
|

.

.

.

ikd-(jDV

dh

ysgav Ttgog
fie

xaxcc Ttevd'Og xal fxsXavw xip nQoad)no) P,

xal

sXd-oiv

TtQog

d avd^Qo^Ttog

avx^ P: avP slitov P: elna H, Xsyo) Q 12 § 20. xal B, xal %i x6 ysQov H: elnh ngso^vxa B ngog avvdv Q, 13 e<pri H: ^£(priv Q, xov ngoCwTtov aov Q) B ffZ^iWa (4- xovxo P, dvsXntaxa B w ^aa. ~- B + Uov P, idov, scvQLE, Q dnaig\ Unag H 14 naQa(pvX. egol: 'itaQaq)vX6itxBLV H, naQaxad-BC^ofiai Q, 7r«^a;«a^e^of<£Vog P, 15 dXrj§ 21. + ^^n y^Q ^piegag {ijfiEQai P) 6vo vexQov yeyovoxog B ahov Q
|

xaxa ndvd-og xal

fj,eueXa(<f)fihcp xat

Ttgoadtna)

x6v H,

+ +

|

|

+

+

1

|

1

|

d-eq

H

I

elat ... ^wot: ftatv H

'6(prj

fiot

d

SaifKov

6gvl{ag)
*
\

P
f.

1

*

H

f.

28^

6 6aifio)v 'Ogvlag, xal Q, (xoi ^tprjaev yfjg: 'laga^X Q, xov \Q xov
. . .

t(OQa)^XV
C.

Q
1 5

is^

XX

17,

Lc.

X

18 notat James.

.

64*

^ ^aalXtaaa Notov

XXI, 1—4

XXI. Eal JSa^a 1^ ffaolXicSOa Notov ed-avfiaCa xal dds rov vaov ov cpxodofeovv xal e^coxs fivglovg * * olykovg x^^^^ovg. 2, xal slo^kd'av slq xov vaov xal aide to d-vaiaCri^Qiop xal ta X^QOv^lfi xal ra asga^lfi xaraoxia^ovta xo llaar^gtov xal rovg
5

Siaxoalovg Xid-ovg
XQ(x>iiax(X)v, 7jvxvot

xmv Xvxvmv

e§a6xQajtxovxag ex dia^oqcov

xal OfiaQaydwv xal vaxivd-ov

xwv Xl^mv

xal

Oafiq)siQov.

3.

xal side xa Cxsvrj xa dgyvga xal "xaXxa xal

;^^v(Ja

xal xag paotig
side xal ttjv

xSv xtovov

vjto x<^^^ov a2.vOi6a)xov Jts^Xsyfisvag.

10

d-aXadOav x^v x^^'^W ^^X^'^^^^ lm6xa%'0V xal xovg TQidxovxa eg xavQovg. 4. xal rjcav sv * xw legm xov &bov egyaC,6(isvoi jtdvxeg

* fiia&ov

xaXavxov

xQ'^<iov

evog x^(*^e

^^^

6aifi6va>v.

Parallela ad

c.

XXI

v. infra

C. XXI.

— Q,
XccXx.

iSovoa

7j

1 Sa^a i&avfx. xal H: paa. vorov xavxa ndvta i^avfx. So^dt^ovaa zbv d-eov t{aQa)^X xal P,
(116)
. .
.

MSS HPQ

ms. D c. V. =. Recc. AB,

supplevit ^ ^aa. Notov Sv t^xod* H: olxodofxovfiEvov

Is

2 vadv:
*
j

+
|

xvqIov Pj oixov xvqLov
x. ^sScoxe [6i6a)xsv ms.)

Q
. .

|

H:

X.

^s6(oxev (* *

f.

B 20^

Mg

1352

olxXov XQvalov xal agyvQiov fzvgiddag exa-

sv xo) vaoj xvqLov x^^^^ov xal d^P ;f. 3 § 2. fide yvgiov xal x^xXxov ixXexxov XlxQaQ fivgiddaq q Q tAaffr. xovg dva<p6Q0vq xovg x^^^^^^Q ^''^ ^voiaaxi}Qiov B • xa, x^9' xbvt

xal ;c«Axot; ixXexxov P, ixaQlaaxo

|

'

'

:

4 xaxaaH7}al^ovxa

H
I

5 Siaxoaiovg H: dva^oQOvg Q,
Xvxvoi
. .
.

—P

|

^vyji^vtyv

H

xal Xvxvt} {Xvxvlov P) xov (1. Xvxvlxov) XiQ'Ov xal o^agdydov xal vaxtPd-ov xal aafupVQOv {aan<psigov P) B r, dgy. . x(>vff«: x. x()vffa x, {-\- xa Q) d^yvQa x, 7 § 3. eUs Q

6 XQri^dxviv

Q

aa^tpeiQOv.

.

.

I

XaXxd
fisvoDv

X.

^vXtva
I

xvglov

B B MSS HQ
Q)

ix Ss^fidxwv anXwftaxa '^QV&QodavofjLEva {^QvB-QTjdavoxov vaov xal (2°): pr. side Q, -\- tSe V 8 xi6v(i>v\
x.

+

=
I

Recc.

AB.

8—10

vnb

.

.

.

d^sov

P

8 aXvaidmov:

paLOt6(bxov

Q

TiSTiXsyfi.:
. . .

7ts7iX.7jfj.6vag

H, 7iXox^

TtsQiTiETiXeyftivcDv

Q

9

Se

xal

Q

I

sxovaav

eig xo f^rjxog ^;i;ou(7a 10 § 4. ijoav kvog (1. 12): fjaav ol ^gya^6fj.Evoi slg xov xavQOvg Q vadv XVQLOV (rursus ms. P) ol TidvxEg xQvolov hvdg Q, ol navx. XQ- ^"^^^ ^ f. 29^ 11 * textum depravatum enodari non potui: ol f4.EXi]OL0i (apo.
. .
1

xavgovg: sxovaa axddcov x. t. At; xavQ. H, Jjv iTiolrjOa {6xovaa(v) Is) oxadlovg xal snl oxddiov xal xovg 1^

'^

H

graphum incertum)

H
Recc.
trig

MSS HPQ
xal
f^v eIq'jJvtj

=

AB.

12

daifi6v(0v:

+

tb^

xatsxgiva ipydt,eo&ai.

xvxX(p

^aatXsiag fiov

(+ xal

P) iTil Ttdarig xyg yfjg {naaav

T?)v yTjv

Q)

B

9

XXII,

1—4

^ ^TttatoX^ 'Add^xov

6S*
jidccQxrjg,

XXII. ^^AjtedrsiXs dh ejnarokrjv o ^aOtXevq 'AQa^(ov
i).iya)V

ovTcac,'

T>Ba6iXBvq

'Aga^cov
rfjv

A6aQx?]gy
aoi

^aOiXet

SoXonav-

mvTi
on
5

laiQBtv,

l6ov
(dv

'^xovaafisv

dedofievrjv cot 60(piav xal

avd'Q(ojtog

jtaga xvqIov

hdod'T}

cvveCiq

sjil

xmv xmv Jtvevfiatcov aBQicov zs xal entyBiaiv xal xataxB-ovimv. 6e hOTtv av rfj ^Aga^ia' ev yag r^ eod-iv^ eQxstat 2. jipsvfia
avQa
dvifiov

emg Sgav ZQlrrjv xal ^

JtPOTj

avzov

6eivr]

xal

fa^oxzslvsi avd-QcoJtovg QvdBiiia svavzLov zov daifiovog.
aVEjiog iozi
t (piav vjtb
\

xal xz^vrj xal * ov
3.

dvvazai

C^rjdai jivotj

deofial

Cov ovv,

sJCEidri

wg

zo

Jtvsvfta,

oocpiOal zi

xaza
4.

zr^v 6E6ofiiv7]v aoi Oo-

XVQIOV zov d-aov 6ov xal xaza^ia}6ov ajtoCzslXat dvvaCvXXa^icd-ai avzo,
xal l6ov Gov * eCo/isd-a,
,«ov xai JtaOa
rj

(isvov avd-Qcojtov

1
i

^aOtXev UoXofiSv,
(iov,

eyd zs

xal

Jtag

6 Xaog

yTj

xal dgrjvsvcisi Jiaca Aga^iaj eav zrjv sxdlxfjOiv zavzrjv 3iovr\-

Parallela
C.

ad

c.

XXII

v. infra in

ms. D,

c.

VI

i

XXII.

(117)

MSS HPQ

= Recc. AB.


'AS&Qxriq,
(1.

1 'Anzox

2) ego:

kuhaxuXtv 6k paaiXehg aldaQxiq
^

nEQawv H, xal iyevsxo

iv rip stvai

fie

iv ry

^aaiXsia fiov aniazeiXs (xoi iniGvoX^v 6 paa. agd^cov dSdQTjq P,
6h

iv tavzatg

iniaroX^v 6 paa, 'AQa^cov 'ASd^xijg dvofzaxi Q, sy^atpev ovzwg B 2 paaiXEt: fiaaiXsv H, 3 /at^.: xd /f^etv H x^v oo<piav (+ TtaQa S'eov) H: xccl + T^ Q kxovdxbv (dxovaxd Q) ysyovsv slg ( elg Q) ndvxa xd nsQaxa x/]g yfjg x^v
xaXq i^fie^aig dneaxBiXev fie
^ 6h yQa<pii
xf^g
-\-

^niCxoXfjg

]

.

.

.

(t^

fi(i)v

aoi dedofisvriv {-fiev^ Q) ao<plav (ao(pta Q) B 4 Q) TtaQU XVQIOV [d-sov Q) El av B idoS-rj aoi aw.
]

h

aoi P,
.

—Q

wv n. xvq. H: S?.£i^H: xal aw. ido&f]
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.

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h<o&iV(p

H: ineid^

Xf

B

7

xig

ttTioxxsvei
t,fjaai

H
xfjg

8

*

6 § 2. nvevfia xaxaxd-. B de^iwv x. xaxay^^. H naQeaxiv iv xy X^Q^ "^V^ JiQa^tag xoiovde B iv avga B cj^wv XQiiov P (y) Q deivi] xal ;faAf7i^ B P f. 21^ ov 6vv. . dalfiovog H: 011 6vv. nvo^ ov6.
. .

.

:

tcv.

|

|

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I

inl

yf^q

ivavxiov

x. daifx.

ixsivov P, ov dwdfisS-a

ovSefila

nvo^

Sftivrfs

inl

xfjg yf^g t,ifaS-ai

ditd x'^v Svvafxiv xov nvevfiaxog ixeivov

Q

MS H
ffiaaaO-ai

=
1

Rec.
ifxol

in

MSS PQ
a6g}iG€

=

PQIs

pro § 3 textum mutilatum praebet hunc: SsOfJiai aov ovv notog avffiog iaxlv xd nvevfia xal slnetv fxai Rec. B. 9 § 3. aou P ovv Q 10 ab(piaaL Kurz: 11 dvvdfxsvov P: dvvafiiv xal Q xiV-.d^Q aoi Q
I

A

|

12 avxo Q: avxoj P
^ B AB. 12 § 4. aov ego: ay vel ov H, 13 nag — P H, saofiai B, pr. iyoj Q naaa ^017 K: ^ y^ fiov anaaa [naaa P) 6ovXoL [SovXri P) aov ^(og S-avdxov 14 idv ds H, idvneQ P ixdix. H: dixaioavvtjv B UNT. 9: McCown. 5*
-=-

MSS HPQ
I

Recc.


(

|

H
. .

f.

29V

iaoyfied-a

.

B

[

.

6^"^

x6 nvavfXa iv ^AQa^la

XXII,

4—10

oetq rinlv.

5.

dio dsofisd-d 60Vj

[irj

jzaga^Zeip^g rrjv Ixaalap

rjfi^Vy

xal

xvQiog ^fiwv ysvov aeldia Jtavxoxe.
jcavroq^^i^

^eggSod^ai

rov

efiov

xvQiov aei 6ia
6.
5

^Eya> 6b 2JoZo(iSp

dvayvovg t^v ajccCro^rjv ravfrjv xal

7cTV§ag ajtsdcoTca

r^

6ovXcf> fiov sl:n:cov

avr^'
7.

^[isra sjtrd rJiiBQaq
^xal rjv ^hgovoalri^
rfv

vjioiivrjCEtq ftot xf}v sjtioroXfjv ravr7jv.<i

(pxo6o(iwfi8Vfj xal

vaoq CvvsjtXtjQOVxo,'^
elg

xal

Xl&og dxQoyco-

vialoq

iiiyao,

op s^ovZ6fi7]v d-aZvat

x£g)aXrjv ywvlag XTJg ptlrj-

Q(66Ecog rov vaov
10

tov ^eov.
slg

8.

xal jiavxaq ol xaxvitat xal ndv-

xaq ol dalfzoveg ol dvvvjtovQyovvxEg tjZ^ov

xop

Xid-ov

xal d-Etvat

ejrl to avxo dyayelP x6 otxEQvyiop * xov paov xal ovx

tcxvcap CaXevCat avxop, *

9. (lExd

dh xdg E3txa rjiiBQag fiprjad^elg

iym
15

XTJg sjiiaxoXfjg

fiov xal ECJiov

xov ^aOtXiwg AQa^a)v kxdXECa x6 JtaiSagiov avxS' »£jtloa§op xtjv xafirjlop 0ov xal Xd^e aO~
lO.

XOP xal

X7]p cq)Qayl6a xavxTjp,
(p

xal ajiEXd^E
jvveei,

alg

'Aga^iap

eig

XOP rojtop EP

xb jtopfjQOP jcpEvfia

xal

xQaxt](iag

rov

doxop xal TO daxxvXldcop

EfiJtQodd-EP *

xov axofiaxog xov aaxov.
1

MSS HPQ
d-evrjfj,svijv
. . .

=
a^jv

Recc.

x^v

AB. 1 § 5. rftd r]fio)v: -\- xal fi^ i^ov2 xal yTtotsXsT xal vnoTetayixevriV ^itaQxlav anoxeXea-^ P
{Ixecat P) iafih^j
. . .

— H

navxoxs H: Zxi aov olxexai

iyo)

fiov xal itaaa ^

y^

fiov

B
|

|

§ 6. (118) 4 xavxTjv


.

^QQwoQ-at

navxoq B:
x.

—H

(+

xs P) xal 6 Xa6q

P
I

i^.

nxv^.

H:
|

dvanxv^. P,

3 «et Q;

—P

Q

5 ane-

6(OXa B: imdiSoxa

H
B

6

vTiofiv^

.

.

.

xavTTjv
§
7.

SovXo) H: Xaw B elitchv avxw HP: elndvieq Q H: vito^v^aeiq (vTtofivi^Gaxs Q) fie Tte^l xJjg iitiatoXfjt;
fjv
.
.

xavxrjg

B

|

xal

avvenXriQ.

B

:

H
j

7

olxoSofiovfievrj
|

Q

1

axQOyojv. xelf^ievoq

8 fidyaq ixXexxog P

JJv

H: Zvxiva B

slq

x^v

xsipaX^v
§
8.

TT^g ywviag xfjg ovfinXriQihascog B 9 x. vaov t. ^.- avxovV \ 11 d-elvat ayayeXv H: waxe dvayayetv B 10 avvvnsQyovvxeq Q * H f. 30^ rov leQOv B vaov: slq H: inl P, vnd Q ctvxdv B 12 * P f. 21^ ahtov: 4- xal d-eZvai Tt^dq x^v ywviav x^v d-BfiaxtdfiBVi^v avxq) P, + fiv yag d XlO'oq ixecvoq ndvv fxeyag xal xg-^oifxoq slq xd xsd-fjvat
| I
| |

+
§

1

iTtl xTjq

ycovlaq {xd ... ymv.: x^v ycovlav P) xov leQOv

xov H: 'ASdgxov Q, dddQOV P x. 7tai6. H: xbv TtaZda P, xov ixdXsaa P: iitexaXeadfiriv Q, ixkXsvaa H Xd^e Xd^s'. natdl Q 14 x^v H: xdv B fxexd aov Q, aeavxdv P 16 nvhi B: rffi xal B 15 <pQ(}yiSa P § 10. elq x^v 'Ag. inl xbv B
fiBxa xkq
I

B

|

ifzvi^aQ-Tjv

Q

13

iycb

B

|

9.

(119)

xal

B

|

[

|

+

|

|

Ttvfj

H

I

xgax^aaq
;f.

B

:

xatdgyrjoov
^jMTtp.

H
^;fdv

17 doxov B

:

alxdv

H

|

;tfai

ro

.

.

H, inixridelwq slg xd xdnov, dd-ev ?f«7o; t^v ^If^X^rai ^ Tivo^ TOV dalfiovoqf ofiolwq 6h xd SaxxvXldtov Q, * Mg 1353 Tcvo^v xov nvBvfjiaxoq P

daxov P:

r.

(ya;^r.

-O-e?

t^v

+

|

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7.

Is

xxvm

16; ipt.

116

:

XXII,

11—14

t6 nvBVfia iv 'Apafila

^'j'^

II.

%di 6V r<p ifixPEvcid'TJvaL
exetce ifutveov.

xov adxov

evgrjOecq

Stc

6 dalfiwp

eorlv

rote CJtovdalcog fcsra

filag
sjtl

d^aov xov

a6^ov xal 6g)QayiCag to daxxvlidiov sjtlaa^ov
xal xo/iiOov
5

rr^v xdfz?]lov

avrop

evd-ada^ xal ajteXd-e vytaiv(ov*<(^

12.

Tors

jcalq

xara

*

xa evtaXd^ivxa
jtvevfia

eJtoltjCs

xal

sjto'^:jtL-

QEvd'f] elg
'

AQu^iav,

xal ol avd'QfOJtot xov

rojtov ixelvov

6X0VV

d

aga dvv^Osxai xo Tcovrfgov

cvXXa^iod'aL

13.

xal

f^ogd'QOV *
trig
10

avaGxaq 6

olxexrjq

saxrj

xaxsvcootiov

xov jcvavfiaxog
ejtid-fjxe rfe

MVOTJg xal e^rjxs xov ddxbp

ejtl

xo Ma<pog,

xal

TO daxxvXidiop. * xal ElafjXd-ep sig
14.

favxop,
[laxi

6h Jtatg

xop diSxbv xal eotVBViiaxaiCev Cxad-slg lo^iy^E xov doxov hotl x^ 6x6-

£P opofiaxi xvqIov

Sa^amd- xal

sfiacvsv

6 dalfiwv sca^d-sp

MSS HPQ
aax6v: alxov
ifiTtv.

=
|

Recc.

AB.

1

§ 11.

ifiTtvevod-.

H;

TtvEV/xariti&tjvai

B

|

H
I

B

ev^^aeiq ego: ev^saeig H, t6te avv^aeig TOTS anovS. H: se^l anovd^ B ^exa ^iccq
|

B —B

2 d ix.
|

dfjaov r.

i te. (ixov)
"

H
|

:

TtSQid^oaq xb axo^a xov aaxov

B

3

;f.

a<p^ay.

x.

daxx.

H

:

t

f
I

xaxaafQdyiaov avxdv f^exa xov daxxvXtdlov xal P, a<pQikyiaov ccvrov fih xb ter. xal Q inlaa^ov avxbv B x^v HP xov B 4 xofiiaov avx. ivd-. H: xofi, fioi ivS-, P, ikB-h nQog ^fxaq Q, xal ikv xaxa x^v ddbv xd^ei ixd^exat Q) cot XQ'^<^^0'^ ^ dgyvQiov [aQyvQov Q, -f ^' d^riaavQohq P) %va (87tft>e Q) djtoXva^q avxov, pXens fi^ nsiad^g (+ xal dnoHayq avxdv Q).
| .

+

avvxa^ov

6h

{dXXa ovvxa^ai P,

xal ikv dnodel^ri {vTCodei^^

aQyvQLOVj Gfjfjtetwadfievog
yiaai

avxov Q) avsv d^xov (+ dnoXvaai P). Q) aoi xonovq [xonov ^yovxa Q) x^'volov ^ (xal Q) xovq xoitovq Oipgdyiaai x^v G<pQaylSa xavxi^v {(o)<p^dfiot

+

xbv xonov xov jj^jj^uaro? Q) xal ayaye

avxbv [avx. dy.

fioi oids

Q)

B

xal
I

H:

^^

B
5 xaxd
(*

taXfiEva

f. 30^ T. ivxakd-. H: x. ivxeXofxeva Q, r« ivxEH ^nolriaE xov paoilEwq aoXofxwv xal iniaa^E x^v (xbv Q) xdfiJjXov xal eS-jjxe xbv daxbv (+ ^nl xbv xdfujXov Q) B 6 siq x^v kp. B 7 a^a avXXa^. Pt aga xb nvEvpta xb TtovrjQbv rfvv^Jasxai avXXafi. Q, dvvaxbv civ{S-QQ)n)ov avXXa^. H § 13. ;f. ^^S-gov ego: x. dgd-bq H, Sg^^ov 6h yEvofiEVOV B 8 * P f. 22^ H 9 insS-T^xs o daxT. H: pctti xb daxx. (* Q f. 14^) inl xb axofia (xov axdf^axoq P) xov

§ 12. (120)

avxw

P,

+ Tia^a

<
|

|

:

+

.

.

.

1


.

.

.

aaxov
avx.

B

10

ElaflXd-Ev

.

.

.

invsvfiax. avx. ego

:

slarjXd-EV

.

.

ifxTtvevo/xdxtaev

dxcb xfjq nvoi^q

STCVEvasv
slaeXd-eav
cfzad-alq
,

xov novrjQOiJ 7tv(£Vfxaxo)q H, iTtvsvfxaxwS^ b doxbq Q, b 6atfza)v 6ia fziaov xov daxxvXiSlov Elq xb axofxa xov daxov xal invavfzdxwaE xbv daxbv P 11 § i4' ^txtg HQ: avd^Qconoq P
|

axdfiaxi

H: H:

ivataS-Eiq
^datpiy^ev

ei&iwg P, ovvxbiiojq Q x^ X^^&^ ^^ axbfxa xov daxov
1

^60<piy^E (Ea(p^^s ms.)

.

.

.

P,

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|

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daxov
I'ffo)

Q

12 ^v HP: dnl xw

Q

|

xvqIov xov d'EOv P

^

daifi. iao)9:

H.

d d&ifx.

B

68*
sig

^E^iTiTtag,

x6 nvev/xa iv ^A^a^icc

XXII, 14—19

rbv acxov,

15. Efisive

6e xal 6 jtalg slg ajtodet^tv

i^fisQaq

TQ£iQ, xal ovxETi sjtvavGB

TO

jcvevfittj

xal sjteyvcoCav ot "Aga^sg
16.

on
5

aOg)aXcog GwexXEtCe to Jtvsvfia.
jtQOOejtSfiJcop

tots sjcECa^e xov aCxov

elg zTjp xafiTjXov,

6s ol ^'Aga^sg

rbv jtaZda
slg

fisra

doigfop xal rtftcop sviprmovvrsg xov d-sov, ifistvav yag sv
tloriyaYB (6e)

sig^vi;}.

to

jtvsvfia o Jtaig xal

£&7jx6v

avro

x£q}aXrjv

rov vaov.
17.
Tfj

6s sJtavgtov slarjk&ov iycb ^oZofiSv elg

rov vaov
Cxofia

xal
^° o

Tjfifjv

ev Zvjf^ jtsgl rov kid-ov rov dxgoywvialov.
sCrrj sjtl

xal avaCrag
xal

aaxog xal jtsgiJtar^aag ^ruiaxa sjcra
(ioi.

to

Jtgo6sxvvrjGs
fistg

18 xal d-avfidcag sya> oxi fiexd xov doxov 6vvd-

hcxs xal JtsgisjcdxrjOev, sxiXsvoa avxo dvaCx7]vai.
19.

xal avsoxTj
xal sjtTjgwjcvsvfia'
*

o aOxog xal sOxrj hv xolg jcoalv JtetpvGiwfisvog.
xTjda
15
Jfc/CD

avTov
slfii

Xsycov'
6aifia}v

T>av

xlg

bI;<^

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sco)

xo
sv

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'Eq)tjrxag,

o

x^

Aga^ia,^

MSS HPQ
fxeza

=
B
ot

Recc.
|

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eiusdem sectionis textum interpolatum praebent
ne^<pd'elg
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liunc:
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iyxXfiad-Elg xal dvE^l^aos

nagd aov iv dyyeio) daxov TCQdg oL § 8 (127) xdyco {+ ovv

(*

P

24^)

P) SoXopt&v

dxovaag xavxa ido^aaa xdv d-edv xal rngxiaa xovg dalfiovag waze p) TtaQaxovdal fxov dlXa fXEivat paaxd^ovxaq {-xeg Q) xdv [xijv P) xlova. xal &fiOoav d^<p6xeQ0i XayovxEg' t^§ xvQiog 6 d^Bog (+ oov P, 8g naQeSwxEV r^fxag vnoxBiQiovg aov Q), ov ^^ dnoM/^ed^a x6v gxvXov xovxov eo)? x^g GvvxeXelag xov alatvog. § rf* av ^f^sga (ego; el rf' ctv T^/j,sQav P, slg (J' av rj/isgav Qi slg S' ^v T^fx. conj, Kurz, * Mg 1357) nea^ XlS-og ovzog^ xoze *eavai rj GwxeXsia xov al&vog. § 9. {128) iyo) dh {xqyo) P) SoXofx&v iSo^aoa xov d-eov xal (+ i6o linea deletum P) ix6a(X7iGa xdv vabv xov xvqIov Ttda?^ svu^eneia, xal ^[xr^v Evnv(.iO)V ev t^ ^aoiXela ^ov xal £lQt)vri ev xatg ijfXEQacg (xov

+

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cov

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ovx

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I

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Cvv zaig yvvai^L
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2 xal

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=

12 ahz^
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ego: avxibv

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.|

ad atpd^ai
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(1.

13)

et

[ES-tjaa

ms.; p. 74*, 4)

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Tim.

et

AquiL,

p. 70, et

PQ

infra;

Intro p. 38.

74*

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TtaQdnxmixcc tov SoXofx&VToq

XXVI, 4—8

5

to ovofia 'Pa<pav xal MoX6x,<^ 5. ey,a) 61 dta to ayafis ovCav jcavv, xal cog aavverog mv, oidsv svofitaa rcop dxglSov to alfia xal iXa^ov avxag vxo Tag /£?()«? fiov xal sd-vaa slg to ovofia ^Paq)av xal MoXox ^o^e ddcoXoig, xal IXa^a ttjv jtagd-ivov etg rbv olxov rrjg ^aotslg

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to

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rov d-sov

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fiov

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.

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a^vaiVj xal [ntxQOv imox. xal Q: SQwq Tca^' ai)T§ P) %(peQkv fiot Tiivte dxQlSaq (P f. 24^ Xeyoiv (+ ^ol Q)' Xape ravzaq zag axQidaq xal avvt^itpov avtdq in dvo^axoq [-axi Q) xov ^sov MoX6x (+ xal ^Patpk Q), xal (+ vvvV] 07t8Q xal ixsXeaa (+ iyo} x^v dnoAeiav xaixijv Q). xoifj.r]di^aofiai fJtExd oov. MSS PQ »— Rec. B pro § 6 textum praebent hunc: xal (+ xavxa noi'^.

Bvd-vq dTtsaxrj (+ dn ifxov Q) xd nvEVfxa (+ x6 aytov Q) i^ov P, -h ^o!.l Knaaa rj 66^a xal ^ aotpla Q), xal iyevofirjv Sael Kurz dod'EV^q Sael X^^oq xoTq ^^fiaal 410V [xal xa Q^i^axd fiov Sq ^ X^goq Q)' i^ ov xal ^vayxdad'Tjv (-ad-tj P) Jtag' avxfjq (avxoTq Q) xiiaat vabv xBv eld&Xtav x^ BadX [Trj^dX Q) xal xw ( Q) '^Pa^d xal xih (xov) MoXdx xal xoXq Xomoiq sl6d)Xoiq {x(bv Xomwv sldcbXcov Q) MS H Rec. A. § 6. 7 dTt^^&rj ego: ^Tt^Q&T] ms.

aaq d ad^Xioq Q)

xov d-eov,

(+

aTi

^

MS H
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pro

sectione 7

textum,

ut

mihi videtur, interpoUtum

praebet nunc: Syo) dh o Svaxivoq wxodSfiijaa did xo ndvfj

dyanav

aift^v.

xal

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B

a sectione 7 usque ad finem praebent breviorem

ut

mihi videtur, meliorem textum.
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§7-9
anavxa

xdyd) ovv P: (ine^ iyd)

Q

10

inoiijaa

Q

11 an

ifiov post dniari] ponit

Q

I

12 xal

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Q

MS H

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A

pro § 8 textum interpolatum praebet hunc: xal ^y^atpa

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MSS PQ

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§

8.

13

dtd

yd^

Q

XXVI, 8

^ 6ia^xri

75*
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(li}

roig

tva TEXelcog Evgaxst x^Qtv elg rovg aiSvag'

dfci^v.

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ilq

(ivOf^Qtov fxsycev

ms.)

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xe 7tv{6V(i)a xd dxad-dgxcov
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XQ)V

§

9.

iyo)

[^JxSvov

iv \{eQovaa)Xi}fi. xal inXijgwS-t] 6 vadg xvqiov xov d'eov ov vno avxov Ttoxa/idg [nvQbg ex Dan. VII 10 suppl. James) ^Xxer d itaQBior^xEiaav fzvQiddsg dyyeXcov xal /(Atarffg ap/ayyeAwv xal x^^ov^lfi inixgdiv sIq^vtj

\tflvxa aeQa<plfi

xal ehXoyjjxdg si slg

§ 10.

xsxQaydxa xal Xsyovxa' aytogj ayiog, Hyiog xvQiog aapaojdxovg alatvag x&v aldivwv dfxiiv. So^a GOLj 6 d-edg fxov^ xal x{v^i,o)gf 66^a aoi
GVV r^ VTC(E)gEVx(XEEt)
iy)

d'{eOXo)x(p xal X(p xifxl(^

JtQoSQdfKp xal Tidvxag aylovgt 66^a aot.

MSS PQ =;

Rec. B.

1 dxovovxeg-

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+

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|

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Q

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Q

Lectiones novas et

emendationes ex ms,

N

(Sancti Saba) v. in App., infra p. naff.

A1A0HKH 20AOMS2NT02
Recensio
Prologus
I.

C
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C IX,

8

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xat6l xtjp xoiavxTjp 6(pga~
aXd-^

yida xal xaxaxaxm xavxfjv ip x^ xXlv^ avxov, xal oTtoxap
:^gog avxop 6 Sid^oXog, xgovadxo) xovxop
£jtl

fiaxd x^g 6(pgayl6og

xo

Oxrjd-og^

xal drjCag dyayixm xovxop Jtgog ci' (laXXaig yag
6aifiopiop fiax avxov xal x^g C(pgayl6og xov
d'aov,

vjtoxd^ai

xap

xal oixo6o(ifj<Sat xop olxop xov d^sov (laxd xov jtXrjd-ovg
30 /i6pa)P

xAp

6atxrjv

6VV xolg dpd-gwjtotg.^

8,

Xa^cbp 6a 6 2oXo/iwp
djtrjXd^av

C<pgayl6a xal avxagiOxi^Cag

xw

dyicp d-a^,

dn avxov
11. Xa-

dyyaXog,

9.

xdi JigooxaXeodfiapog xop jtalSa 6a6a)xa xtjp Cq>ga-

ylda^ 10. aPayyaiXag xo ptgooxaxd-hp j^agd

xov dyyiXov.

pcqp 6a 6 Jtalg xrjv Cg)gayt6a xov d-aoVj ac^cagag yavofiivrjg avs-

C, II.
§ 4.
1.

1.

18

*

f.

369^

2 olxov ms. 10

I

pegslzzovcc Is

4

avrjysig. Kurz; avay^

nis..

oxvd-QWTCi^v ms.j axrj7iT(h7iijv Is

MS D n, ri— in,

8

SoXofioiv xal xa Saifjiovta

gi"^

^cU^fj sig Tfjv xoiTfjv
jtQog

avTov, xal xara to dd'iOfievov naQayiyove

avtov 6 6td^oXog,

^axa rrjg

12. xal dd-goov 6 Ttatg Jtalsi top sxd-gbv xagdlag /isrd r^e rov ^sov c^gayldoq. * de 13.
^ol(ioi,
oifioi,

mtavag eksstvy t^ tpmv^ e^otjCbv'
kov(iai

jtSg xatadoveiCfiYayB

^aCiXsl JSo2,ofiSvTi;^

xal

drjcag

rovxov

Jtgog

tov ^aOiXia
III.

Solo^mvxa^ Eald'BaoaiiEVog avxov
7}

g)7j6i'

^eIjib ri^tv, Tcovrjgov Jtvevfta
?J

xal dxad-agrov, rig scrip

xl^alg cov xal tig Cov

egyaoia.^

xal

did^oXog eg)^ '^^ ^aOtlsV i>'Ogpiag xaXovfiai. jiapra
e:n:iTrj6sia.^
2.

fiov slg

^ 6e kgyacla xal Xiyst o ^aOtXevg' ^rlg o xaxxal
o

aQf^v x^v Svpafilv
Ifisydlov
ivvaficg.^

cov dyyeXog;^

did^oXog*

^vjto
rj

xov
ifirj

dgxayyeXov Mixa^X xaragyovfiai avxog xe xal
3.

xal o ^aciXsvg (prjor ^dvpaoat Jtoi^dac xi

elg

top

vabv xvglov xal slg xtjp olxodofiijp
f§oXog'

avxov XQV^^f^^^j^ ^^^ o 6id-

^dvpafcat fisxd xrjg 6g)gayz6og xavxrjg suttCvpd^at jtap Sat-

(lovtop siutgood-EP
f6ofi^Cat,

cov xal vjtoxd^ac

x^ Cm

d'sX^fiaxi xal olxo-

xal aPsysgsZg fiaxd xrjg dovlsiag xal vjtoxayTJg §xelva)p
4.

rov vaop xvglov jtapxoxgdxogogA
(imv

EvxaglcxrjCSs

xvgi<p

xw
5-

d-stp

xal

xavxa dxovoag 6 SoXoJtgoExgsrps xop ^Ogpiap
sjtt-

Saifiova [isxd xrjg <sg}gayl6og

xcd xov Jtatdiov djtsXd-Elv xal
djc^Xd^op xal EjtiCvprjyayop
afia

^evva^ae JtaP datfiopiop.
xdi

^<^l

xdpxa
6e
6.

sic^yop

xavxa xavxa

slg * slg

xop ^aCiXsa ^oXofiSpxa.
fiaOiXsa

to
xal

zXrjCidcai

xop

JtgoGsxvpovp avx<p.

rjQWTa EP
!5

sxaCTOP 6 ^aCiXEvg xc3P 6ai(i6pG)p x6 xs opofia xal
xcop dyimp

XTpj

Igyaciap xal vjco Jtoiov

dyysXvop xaxagyslxai.

xai

wfioXoyovp x7]p xs sgyaciap avxov xal xijp xXrjaip xal xop
J. EJtsxgs^tE

xaxagyovpxa dyysXop.
rov vaov otxodofii^p.

6s avxd agyd^sad-ac slg xijp
slg

xal sprigysi ep sxacxop xfjp dovXsiap
8.

^v

6fj

xal Exdx^V ^ccQd xov 6og)Ov 2oXofiSpxog.

xal ovxa}g

P ^v Idsip d-avfca i^aloiop

dpdgag (lExd

JtXfjd-ovg 6at(i6pa)p d'sXr^CEt
sIqtjpi-

xVQtovavoixodofcovPxagxal ixjtXrjgovpxag xop paop xvglov

x^g fisxd Jtdcrjg EjtiiisXElag xe xal Cjtov6iqg^

ftrj

xoXfiwpxmp xSp

§ 12.
C.
in

1.

2 dd-goov
1.

ras.:

dd^^ocov Is

3

*

f.

369^

in
^jtt^

I.

voce
1.

§

5-

22

*

Is e 10 imriideia Is: imxiiSaLoq ms. § 2. 1. 12 ^ 13 § 3. dvvaas ms. primum omissum postea supra ^ scr. ms. 23 nXrjaitxoac Is; nXtjaiaaai ms., 1. 7i),rjataa^at^ f. 370**
|

92*
6ai(i6v(X)V iifjde
jtovq*

V ^^oyvcoaiq twv daifiovcov

MS D

III,

8—IV,

8

to rvxov oxavdaXLcat

7]

ddiz^aai rovg

dvd'Qco-

IV.
rfjv
5

'Ajto 6s

rmv avdgcov zwv sxoptov

axQi^rj

EUdrjCtv

cig

rov vaov oixo6ofi7jv

tjkd^sv elg sig g)iXov6txiav xal sqiv fiexa

Xovg diaoxaga^ai ffovXofievoi.
yeyovcog d^trjXd^s Jtgog
xal odvQfiSv
Efibv

rov vlov avTOVj xal eftaxovro dlXriXoic d^v^ov jtviovrsg dkX^2. oXoq de rov d^vftov 6 Jtarm
toi?

ksycov avrS'
* Jtal6a

paCtkia ^oXoftmvra (iBta daxQvmv ^diostora ^aOiXev' i] d^avatcp rov
kjie

xaradixaaov
rj

rov Tcariga,
sig rrjv

wg evv^QlcavTa jtagavofiwg eig aaq)wg lo^i cog ovdsjtors xiv^am rrjv x^^Q^
3.

ftov

rov vaov olxodofiTjVA
rjXd'S

dxovcov 6h xavxa

o

ffaCiXsvg

xal

^ovXsvofisvogj

xal

6

vlog

ixslvov jrgog top ^aotXm

xavxa ayxaXmv. xal Xiycov rw nargL 4. diaXoyt^Ofievog 6e Jtsgt^ xovxov 6 paOiXevg xal diajtogcov xi aga djtoxgtvoixo, 6xgag)sig
^5
fiXijtsi

rov 'Ogvlav 6ai[iova agyaC^ofisvov xal fistdtwvxa' xal
5.

Xeyei

jtgog rovg xgivofzsvovg' ^djiSaxtjXE fiixgbv dot ifiovA

xal djto^tl

6ravxa)v xov Ogvlav (israxaXstxai xal
ysXag,
i]

g}7]6i

Jtgog
7]

avrov'

co

^Ogvia; rr]v ^aCiXeiav fiov xarayaXag,
xvgLov\<i. 6.

rrjv xglotv fioVj
XiyBi'

rov vaov

xal o 'Ogvlag Jtgbg rov ^aCiXia

20 jfdicjtoxa ^aCtXsv' 6o<pcorare xal dixaiorars 2^oXofiwv' ovxs xtjv

^a6iXelav oov xaxsyeXaCa^ ovxs Tr]v xgiotv aov, ovxs xov vaov
xvgiovj

dXXa rovrovg rovg a&Xiovg rovg

xgivofisvovg, rov 6v0xr]-

vov Xsyo) ysgovxa xal xov rovxov vlov, ov (irj yag jtagsX^coCt rgslg ^fisgat xal rb rdXog diadi^srai rbv vbova 7. xai 6 ^aci25 Xsvg Jtgog

rbv ^Ogvlav

Xiyst' ^dxeXd-e xal

kgyd^ov fisra

dJtovdrjg

xal

sigrjvrjg

xal vjcorayrjg slg rbv vabv

xvgtov d-sov jtavroxgd'Ogvlag xal *

rogogA
xal
g)7]ai

xal djtTJXd-sv ajtb rov ronov sxelvov
8.

sigydC^sro.

fisrsxaXsOaro 6s o ^aOiXsvg rovg 6vo xgivofievovg

Jtgog avrovg' ^djtsXd-ars xal sgyd^scd'e rb sgyov vficiv

30 dxgi' Jtsvrs -^fisgag, xal fiera

ravra

jtoii^COfiai djtog)aCtv xal rs-

Xog

rrig xglascog i5//c5v.«

jtgo6iraB,s 6s 6 ^aCtXsvg 6iogtoaCd^ai rrjv

rjlisgav

xad^

rjv

sXeys xavxa.

C.

IV

I.

1.

4
§

elq
6.

supplevi:
1.

riq

conj. Is

9 * f. 370^ 24 Siadi^srai f. 371^ 27
'

22

dvOTTjvov:

6 § :£. oXoq Is: ZXwq ms. Svarvvov ms., dvaxvxov Is errore
§
7.
1.

conj.

Is:

Siccds^ovraL

ms.

25

.TtQdq

supplevi

6

MS D

IV, 9

1

^ Ti^oyvwaig xS>v Saifiovojv

93
rjXO^ev

*

9.

UaQsXd'OvGwv ovv rmv Jtevrs

rjfisQ^v,

6 yigmv
Jtgo

jtQog

"^^^ ^aOtXia xar7jg)7ig xal OJtvd'QOJtog xal

daxgva

tSv
ovx

ofiiidtov dg)etg <p7]0r
iy???

^rid-vrixev o kfiog vlog, rid-vrixsv, xal

hi Imgilag xal aqtoQ^rw 6T6vay(iS* ovx hi TO Jtgocwjcov exelvov d-saCoiiai.
I

avTOV*

sfis

6h aJtsXiJtEv sv jcevd'si ffaQvrdvw xal odvv^

en yag

^Xaipa)

avtov ovx
ovv ravra
6

xarexgv^r]

yag ev xojtcp

a^Byyu, sv ry Oxoretv^,

m r^ ^og)sga.«

10. exjtXayslg

o^aCilsvg
I

g)rj0t'

^xoiav

rjiiigav rsd^vrjxev;^

xal

cpfjOi

ysgoV

ifista

xgitrjv ruiigav djted-avsv d<p
II. xal Xeysc 6

orov 3tgoq to 6ov xgdxoq
slg^vi;],

10

riXd'a(isv,<i

^aOiXsvg' ^aJtald-e sv

6 yega)v,

xvQiog de o d-sog o jrarrjg rrjg jtagaxXrj^eog xal jtagajivMa rtSv

H0o(iepa)V jtagaxaXicai oov ttjv xagdlav
micd-ai.
I
15

elg

to

firjxETi
tjp^

Xv-

f£V7j0d-r]rc

yag
rjv.

on
firj

o Cog

vlog

avd-ga>jrog

jtag

6e

avd'Qmjtog d-vrjtog

*

xoivvv Xvxov, ov yag dvvCBtg ovdev

mv ^ovXeCatA
xagdlav,

xavxa axovoag

ysgwv

aTcijX^EV dvaipvx^slg xrjv

f

12.

Kal fisxaxaXsodfievog xov Ogvlav

g)rjoiv'

ȣ^jre ^ftZi'

JtSg

EMyivciOxEig

xov d-avaxov xov
ds^Ogvlag Xeyet'

avd-gcoJtov,

Jtveviia

dxdd'agxov

OVA

i^.

'^0

^i^fiEig,

dsajtoxa,

hx

xov ovgavov
jt egixelfievoi,

^IgQifriliBv xdxo), xal

ayyaXoi d'sov ovxeg xal

q)cog

vvv

dalfiovBg

xal

dxad-agxa jtVEVfiaxa

xal oxoxog,

(6g

ogag,

eyevofiEd'a,
XEQ,

xai XEixovgyol

^eov xvy%dvovxEg.

vvv aov d-egd^ov14.

xai vjtovgyoi, O'eov

xEXsvovzog, yeysvrjiiEd'a.
slg adrjv gig}svTsg

xdrm xoivvv

e|

ovgavov jtsoovxeg xal
elg

deivSg, jtdXiv dvsgxo-

25 (isd-a

x6 xaxo xov ovgavov JceraXov^ xal xdg xtnv dyyi7.a>v
fig

Ojidiag axovofiev, xal

avrSv

(lavd-dvofiEv
15.

xov xov

dvd-gcoJtov

d-avaxov jrgo
E:ti[isXoviied'a

XECCagdxovxa
6t

TjfiEgmv^

xal axovdavTsg xovxg)v
dvd-goiJtov d-dvaxov

xal ayojvtC^ofisd-a Iva
rj

xov xov
xal ev

^ 6ta Jtvgbg

vdaxog

7}

6ta xgrjfivov oixovofi'^Ow/zsv, ojtcpg
16.

la^a}iiiv

xiva eg gvtou fisgtda,

xS ^^
xotg

e^fi^i^

'^fiag

^aoiv

avajtavdsog ev xq> JcexdXcp xov ovgavov

jciJtxofcev

oOJteg
a)g

^vXXa aTto

xSv devdgwv,

xal

doxovfiev

dvd^gwjcotg

§ 9.
corr.

1.

2 anvd-QmnoQ ms:
|

axvxg.
I601.C,

Is, corr.

Kurz
1.

4

ett ms.;

ioxi Is,
Is:

Kurz
man.

id^q
1.

conj. Is:

ms.
§
15.

§ 10.
!•

9 «^' Zxov

a<p6adscr.

TOv ms.
prim.

§ II.

14

'^

f.

371^

28 xov\ supra lineam

;

94*
aarsQsg %vv6[ievoi,
17.

^^ nvEVfitx xb iv ^AQapl(}

MS D

IV,

i6— VI,4

*

ha

do^a^cofieda Jtaga
ol

rSv

avd-QmjtmvA

xal o ffadcXavg'

^xal

xvvo^bvol dczEQEg, xai doxovvteq
^ov](l,

aOTEQsg, ovx alctv ovrsg daregsg;^ xal 6 'Ogvlag'
ol yccQ
5

^aadev'

Tov ovQavov daxsQEg dd^dvarol
18.

slat xal eaTfjQiyfiivoc

xaP

ov xtvovvxai,^

xal dxovCag

ravxa 6 ^aatXevg djtsXv^e xhv

Ogviav
V.

eig

egyov avrov EQyd^aad-ai,

Sdxo6o{i£lxo 6e o vaog' xal Jtdvxsg ol ^aotlEig x^g y^q xal ol aQxovxEg xcov xifil(DV xal ffaalXiOda Nozov rj cog)7j Si-

^vXla xal
10

avxYj 7]?.^s ^Eaaaad^ai
Eig

xal

avxT}

r^v

oixo6oftf]v

xov

top vaov xvgiov^ xal £iaiq)SQm vaov ^vZa JtokvxEl^ mi

d^LoXoya.

Axe0x£lXb 6e 6 ^aaiZsvg 'Agdffwv EJticxoX^v :n;gbg xov^ ^aOtXsa ^oXofimvxa xal disXd/i^avEv ovxcog* ^^aacXsv 2oXo[i<^v,l
Xalgocg.
^5

VI.

ytvwcxixa)

7}

fiaCiXsla

cov 6x1

sig

xrjv

^fiwv

XQ5(>av

olxel yaXEJcov daifiovcov dvvaxov, xal

xaxa xgeig

'^(ligag dvEyalQei,\
xctil

avEfiop Icxvgov, xal hxgt^ot oixlag xal

dsvdga xal ^ovvovg

avd'gcojtovg djcoXXvOi, QiJtxmv xovxovg Eig xgrjfivovg xal Eig vdrng^^

xal eig Jtvg.

2.

el

ovv ^ovXei xb Cov xgdxog^ djtoOxetXov
fiaCiXsla
;f()V(Jtou

xal

E^aXsitpov xal e^qXod-gsvoov^xovxov * ajro x^g xoiavxfjg x^Q^i'^
20 el

ovv xovxo

jtotTjCEi

ri

Oov,

ElOEVEyxofiEV Eig xijv xov

vaov oixo6opi^v xdXavra xbv eIxoOI JtEVXE,^
3.

xal dgyvglov xal x<^^^ov Exa-

^Avayvovg ovv

xr^v EJtiCxoXrjv o

^aCiXevg EVEXElXaxo x^

Jtat6agi(p
25

xS

Ibxovxl xtjv 6(pQayl6a
g)7]6lv

xax^Oxa xaxaXa^Elv xgog aveig

xov

xal

sXd^ovxog

oxi'

^xdxtCxa ajtEXd-e
xal

xov xmv
Coi

'Agd^ayv ^aaiXia, xal Xd^e fiExd 6ov xrjv 6g)Qayt6a xal xdfiTjXov
fxiav xrjv xaxlcxrjv xal

dcxov xaivov.

4.

Ssi^dxa)

xov

xoMOV
30

Evd'a JtvEl xo Jtov9]Qov JtVEVfia* xal xavaXapcbv

xov xoxov

EXBiVov Ejrl&Eg xov aCxov dvscpyfiEvov E^ovxa

xb 6x6(ia avxov
i]

Jtgbgx^ ox^ xov

g)a)XEOv, xal jtagax-^gai xfjv rj^igav ep

B^igx^^

§ 16.
C.

1. 1.

1 *

f.

374^
:

V.

7 iilxodofiELTO ego

olxodo^-^xo ms,

,

-fieXzo Is

8 ai^vXXa

ms.,

(Sf)

Is, 1.

Sl^vXXa'i
I.
1.

C.

VI

16

^xQi^oc Is. ixQtr,et ms.

18

§

2.

^ovXei:

1.
1.

^ovXetai'i

20 slaevsyKOfiev Is: €laeviyxa)fiev ms. § 3. 374^ 28 ^xovxa ego; %xov ms. 27 § 4. aot ego: oe ms. ^(ov ms.
19
*
f.

26

'

MS D
tac

VI, 4

— 14

zo nvEVfia tb iv 'A^a^ia
^ctl

95*

TO JtovtjQOV jtVEVfca,

Sbt^v avsfiov, a<Sq)aXtCai fiera

xov aCocoVj
xaii(X)<;

xal ijtl&sg

orav 16'^q top aoxov jtZfjOd-dpra zov daxrvXlov to atofia avTov avTOP alg ttjp xdfirjXop xal xaTaXa^e
S-

3tQ0(; riiiaq.<i

p-

6,

Kai

djcTJXd-e

to jcatddgiop xal

sjcoirjOe
7.

JcaPTa xaTcc

zfjp

d-Elr}(Stv

Tov fiaOiXicog I^oXoficaVTog.
to daifiopiop'
y>avot^6v

sjtapa6TQBg)OPTog 6s av<d

xov Xsyec
aot

fioc,

xatdioVj xal ejcidsl^o)

roJtop hv

w

xsxQvjcTai

jtQaOivog Xid-og xal
^ajtsX-d-wfisv

to xqvcLop to
Jtgog
8.

xlfitovA

TO 6s jrai6ioP Isyer

jcqcotov

tov

^aCdsa, xal ftera
itijv

ravta avrov xsXsvovtog

Jtoi7]OOftsp*<i
<p rjp, utecthp

co^ 6h

odoprjpvdap xal top tojiov xataka^ov sv
jtQoCsxvvsL apco xal xaTco qjSQOfispog
^zlg si xal
Eg)i3tJtag

sx r^g xa9,
g)7]6i'

^rilov
dl

top ^oXofiwPTa,
6
6e
10,

^aOiXsvg q)rjCf
siftc,

Tig

oov to opofia;^
xal
xal

Itiaifioviop

xaXovfiEvog.<^

Xsysi

avTtp

h

^idvvaoai Jtot^cfal fioi
agai

Ti XQV^^f^ov;^

6 'Eg)ljtJtag'

^6vvafiat

tov Xld-op top dxQoyG)vtatop
6al(iop8g xal d^slvat

op aJis6oxlfia(fav avd-Qo^jcoi
11,

XE Tcal

^a6iXsvg jtQOETQSips

tovtov slg xetpaXrjv yovlag.^ top Eq)inxav jtovr^Cai tavta, xal
ysvofispog

xal

ejtoifjOe

Tovro oQcoPTa)p Jtaptcop

tov ts ^aOiXscog xal tcop JtSQisCTrjxoTOP
ffaCiXsvg t^qsto to ^Etpijt-

avigSv,
Jtav si

12.

^ixd-afi^og 6s

ytpcoCxoi xal stSQOV Jtvsvfia ofiocov avTw,
-^eati,

xal Xsysi o

E(pljt:xag'

^aCcXsv,

xqu

eteqop jtvavfia * ep

t^ ^EqvO-qu
ay ays

d'uXaoO'^
13. ocai

xa&^fispop xal s^ov sv savTO)

top JtoQg)VQovp xLovaA
r^g og)Qayl6og

XsysL 6 ^aGiXsvg' -^ajtsXd-s (isTa trjg 6<pQayl6og xal

not
xal

avTOP m6sA

djiaXd-wp 6s o

E(pijtJtag fiSTct

Cfivtag
rfe

avaCnaCag avtov rjyaysp avTov ts xal 6alfiovag 6vo ^adtdtov xlopa xal q>sQOVTag tovtop slg top dsga. 14. I6a)v TOV xlopa xal
xgsftacfd'at slg
fir]

ravTa 6 §a6iXsvg xal exd-afi^og yspofisvog exsXsvasv avTotg ^a~

CmC^Siv
Xsiag
Xvfii^v

top asga

fisxQc trjg cvvts-

tov alwvog xal

gly^at

tovtop sxl

TTjg ytjg jiots, fii^Jt:a)g

Tm Twp

dvd-Q(6jta>v jtQO^svi^caxfc ysvst.

§6.

1.

6 *

f.

373^
1.

§

7.

1.

7

STiidel^co Is; inedsl^o}

ms.
1.

§ 8.

1.

12 n^oa-

Bxwsi ego;
i'JiTcaq

TtQOOPxvvT] ms.,

tcqogshvvti as Is

§ 9.

14
1.

'EtpiTtnag Is: d(p^

ms.

§ II.

18
f.

novtjGai: noifjaai Is

§ 12.

21 yivibaxoi ego:

yi'V^axeit;

ms.

22

*

373^

23

'excov

ms.

96*

:S:aiiaiil

MS D

VII, i-VIII,

2

VII, JlaXtv ovv 6 ^aCtXevq Ttghq
ocal

xov Ogviav Xiyw
-^sldl

^laxi:

STSQOP 6ai/i6vtov;<i xal 6 ^Dgviaq Isysr
vJtaQxsi
2.
rfe

fihv jtoXXij

©

,

paCiXsv,
6vpafiiP.<i
5 ylarrjP

a^ro

rovrwp 8p

fiEyiCTTjp

xsxrrjfispov rrjv.
(le-u

^jtoiop dh Tot5ro,« g)7]Clp 6 ^acfiXsvg, ^xal rtpa

bxbl ttjp

Svpa^ip xa\ ri xovxcp xo opofia;^
x6 opoiia,

^0 ^Ogvlaq
Jat-

Xdyst' ^2afiar]X

m
3.

^aCiXeVy ccqxcop
(Sot

6s

xov xcop

fiopcop vjcaQXsi 6v6x^fiaxog' xal 0vfig}EQOP
XeVj

vjtaQXBt,

w

^advJtEQi^

xov

ftT]

Idslp avxop,^'

xal 6 ^aOtXsvg' ^firjdBP Cot *

xovxo

fieXaxco,

JtoprjQOP

xal

axad'aQxop Jtpsvfia
(d6e

,

dXXa Xa^mv
Xa^cQP 6e

10 xfjp 6<pQayl6a

ayayi
o

fioi

avxop

xaxa xaxoqA

^Ogplag xf]p <Sq)Qayi6a xov d-eov ajiriXd-e xo xov ^aOtXicog JiX^gmCOOP
d^eX7]fia.

4.

dh ^oXofiSp

sJtl

d-Qovov xad-^fiepog

fjp

xm

x^g ^aCiXEtaq xExoOfirjfiepog
^5

Oxififiaxl xe xal diadi^fiaxL xal xov
^aacXi-

'Ogptap /i£xa xov ^afiar^X ixdexofiEpog, cxtjjcxqop te xo

xop dpcc x^^Q^ eLx^p. 5- EX&opxayp dh xov xe 2Jafiar]X xal xov\ ^Ogpia jcQog xov ^aaiXea, ipr]olv 6 ^aCiXEvg jtQog xop I^afia^k^^
^xlg
£t,

xal xl Oov xo opofia]<^
6e

Si g)rj0r
v:n:aQX<x)

^UafiarjX

XExXruiat'
6.

cLQXcov

xov xSp daifiopoop
^dvpaoat
JtoirjOal
fiE

6v6T7jiiaxog.

xal
e[i-

^aCiXevg*
20 g)v6^0ai afia

Ti;«
sig

Se

g)'r]6i'^

6vpay,ai
y7]g,<i

cot xal dnayayElv

6e

xo eOxccxop

xrjg
sig

xal

xS
VIIL

Xoycp EP£g)V6rjC6P

avxop xal djtrjyayEP

xa B6xaxa

XTJg yrjg.
AiEg)7jfil^Bxo 6e
yrjg,
tj

g)^firj

xov ^aCiXimg

Big

.

napxa
xfjP

xh.

jtBQaxa x^g
25 XBig
xfjg

xal jtQ06xvP0VPXEg rjCap

avxw
^

Jtapxsg ol ^aoiBig

y^g xal ol
2.

agxopxEg,
xq)

xal

x^Q^yovvxsg
EXEiPcp

xov
to

vaov

olxo6o(i7}v.

6b

xaigtp

EQQrjxoQBvCs

aOfia XCOP dcffcaxtBP,
BXXfjCdfirjp

xal EXsyEP ovxo^g'
a6ov6ag,<s-

^sxxTjcaiirjp ^aCcXeiav'
xi-

a6oPxag xal

xal xaxaXiB^ag xa xapxa

Xog BJtdyEi'

sra uiapxa 6b ^axaioxTjg giaxacox'^xwp' xa jtdvxa

§ 3.
forte
c.

1.

8
I

*

f.

372^

§

6.

1.

22 In hoc
inf. scr.

loco add.

c.

VIII 4 James
="
|

VIII

post 2
§ 2.
1.

—7
26

ponendum
iscBLVt^ in

C.

VIIL

marg.

man. prim.

f.

372^

§

2.

27

cf.

Ec. 2

:

7 ixvrjcdfiTjv

SovXovg

seal 7i(XL6i6xag, 2

:

8 ^Tiolrjad

fiOL

aSovtaq xal adovaag

29 Ec.

i •.2;

i2:8f.

MS D

VIII

2—7
3,

IIs^l tov SoXofi&vzog

97*

(iaTac6tr]g,<i
aQX^f-

'sXsye

6s xal rovro'

^jzavxcov rcop ygafifcdrcov
sig

^^

X5-

4-

^v^oxia dTd'Sov duCcod^i] JSoXoiiwv

ra avtov
<pxo-

u^aCiXua,

^^^ cpxodofistro o Jtdvoexrog vaog rov d-eov,

SoUBlto 6s Jtdpta
hiegov^l(i

xara

fil(ir]<Siv

r^g dvara^smg,

6.

vjt^QXOV ra

xal

xa

(i»Qag>)fi

xal ra s^ajcrsgovya'

ojticd'sv 6s

rov

^6iaCrrjQiov ra
7,

JtoXvofifcara

xal ol B'QOvol xal at xvgtorrjrsg,

aQQf]rov

6s to

xdXXog rov roiovrov vaov xal dvsQfi^vsvroVj

I

xal

toiovrov olov ovrs iysvsro ovrs yevrjosrai.

5.

11.

3—4

obeodofisiTO ms. (bis)

§ 7.

1,

7

xdXXoq

Is:

xdXXovq ms.

UNT.

9;

McCown.

7*

CONSPECTUS TITULORUM
Tituli

Codicum Manu Scriptorum Recensionum A, Titulus Codicum MSS PQ

B, et

C

Aca&'rjxrj
5 Cakfjfi

SoXoficovrog vtov Aaveid, og effaolZevCsv sv ^qov-

xal EXQatfjOsv xal vjcsta^Ev
6i

xavxmv asgiwv,

ejctyelcop, xal

xarax^ovicov Jtvsvfiarcov
vjtSQ^aXXovxa
d-QcoJtooVy

cop xal jtavra rcc sgya

rov vaov ra

jtsjtoirjxBV' xal rivsg ai e^ovalai

avtcop xara

dv

xal Jtaga Jtolwp ayyiXdiP ovxot ol

SalfiovEg xarag-

yovpvai.
to

rov 0og)ov 2oXoftwptog.
Titulus Codicis

MS

I

{Atad-rixri

t(ov» Uoloficoptog viov Aaveld, oq e^aclXsvOEV

h
eI-

^lBQ0v6al7}iij xal jieqI

tmv

datftopcop ovg EXQavrjCEj xal rlpsg

oIp al i^ovclai dod^ElOat avr<p vjtb d^eov

xara rmp

datjiovoyp xal

jtaga xLpcqp
15

dyyilmp xaxaqyovprai
:itEJtoli]xsp,

ol dalfiopEgf

xal ra egya rov

vaov a vxBQ^aXloprax;

Titulus Codicis

MS H
x^g
iXev-

AtriyriCiq szeqI rrjq 6ia^^X7]g JJoXoficopxog xal J€BqI

OEwg xSp 6aifi6pa}P xal

:^eqI xrjg

xov vaov olxo6ofi^g.

ad Zonorae Annalia, p. 83), Fab(ricius, ^Q' 4 JtaS-i^xi] P: ^ di^ytjaiq Q om. Q 7 al om. Q 5 6 navvojv iniyelcDV om. DuC. nvevfi. tbg Q xaTag8 ovTOi PQ: e"toi DuC, avtol conj. Fab avd-Q. pr. XQ)V Q 9 xov o. SoL P'. om. Q yovvxai P: xaraQX^'^vxai DuC, xaxaQyaC^ovxai Q Hie sequitur ben'edictio, cf. infra p. 99* 1. i s. DuC Fab
C(angius
Test. I
. . .

MSS PQ. Du

in Noiae

Cod, Psmdtpigr. Vet,

1036 sq.)

|


I

|

|

I

MS
man.
alt.

I.

1.

11

AiaO-rixri

xov: in marg. sup. negligenter exaratis
ol
:

litteris scr.

diaS-T^xfj

x

14

el

ms.

|

Sequitur benedictio
cf,

MS

H.

1.

17 Sequitur

benedictio,

infra

Tituli

Codicum

et

Subscriptio

QQ*

Benedictio
EvXoytjtog
oiav ravT7]V,
el,

Codicum
XQaxog

MSS HIPQ
rovg atSvag'
dfirjv.

xvQie 6 Beogj 6 6ovg T<p SoXofi^vri rrjv e^ovelg

col So^a xal

Titulus
Aiad-^xf]

Codicum

MSS

VW
j€aQa2.X7J?,cop

rov Corpcoratov Sokoficovrog fisra tcop

avT^g 6po(iaza)V
anod'avBiv

ariva wg fivdri^Qia vJto rov ^E^sxiov fisra to

rov Aavsld rov ^aCiXiav B(pvXayd'ri6av,
Subscriptio Codicis

MS V
rov ^aCtXiav 6g
^Bq)v-

TsXog Trjg diad-^xrjg rov Oo^cordrov SoXo^rnv'^rog vlov Aa^id,

meg

igyatpri (isrd

ro

^

ajtod-avslv Aa{^l)d

iaxd'Tj VJto 'E^axlov

rov ^aCiXdcag,
j^Biid-'

Hygaq)!] jtaQ^ ifiov ^Ta){avvov)
^(Ivdixriovog) 6' ev
fiTjvl

hxQov rov aQo{?)' ev bzec
xE{(i)PQi(p

As-

id\

'^xal

6 d-Eog eon
om.

^led-^ rfficov

xal ovdelg xad-^ ^(icov.

MSS HIPQ. MSS VW.
EtQ?
(1.

1.

2

ft

H
PQ

|

xvQie om.

HQ
.

|

6 &s6g om.

IQ

|

r.

i^ova* tavT.: roiavzrjv

i^ovaiav

3 aol
(1.

.

.

a/ii^v

PQ: om.

I

1.

5 TiaQaXX.: add. nvov
(MVffT.:

S

a)e)

V

1

iifvkdxB-rjaav om.

V

rov aoXofioiVToq tcsqI
ayi{av) aL{6v).

6 aziva oiq W: rdv om. V InTcivaxi MS V scr. man. alt. titulum hunc: ^ Siad^xt] T{ovg) dalfiovag n&q inlaa[nv) avzovq seal sictiasv x^v
Tcvsv^aroiv)
add. i<pvXdx&V

V

^

^ aitod'avov

W

|

|

MS
^nsQ
I

V.

11.

9

— 13
12

Numeri

superiores ad lineas textus referunt.

Ts}.og

.

.

.

ago in notis Tironianis scriptum est
dg:
1.
fj

9 Aa^ld:

Sa^rjS- ms.

10 dne^

1.

Aexsf^^.: dexevQlo) ms.

SIGILLA ANULI SALOMONIS

PQ
Li
S

H 6b yXvq)ri r^g a<pQayl6og rov daxrvkidiov xJjg
ctpQayig

jcEiiq>d^El-

0£ig iarlr jt6vraXg)a ctvrrj,

H dh
Q

xavra iXeyBv' l6ov

avxrj eOtIp

^ 0g)Qaylg\

X

d-

O^JfDpxawawsXlycolagywaas'dQovQT
7]

HL Hv 6e
yscoa' ais'

'ykvg)lg

avrov'^ Xsywv ovrog' x{vqc)s 6 d-Eog ^ficovl
eXcoi'

Xicov Xicov* Oa^acod-' ^iwvix' dcoa'

alam' aid' Iwaai' oov-

asvlov

ov ovplov

tjqco,

T
lo

IleQi

xov daxxvXidiov Aa^thv xtjqop JtaQd-spop,
jt£Qi£v6v0ag

JcolrjCov

daxxvXlSiov dcjtsQ ogag g}OQstp kp x<p 6e^iw Oov 6axxvX(p r^g
XELQog Cov,

avxw ^aQxiop
xavxa xa
i^'

JiaQd'ipop £JtlyQag)E jtav

fiBza xopdvXiov xrjg xiyrptig
^imPLct'
eXcoL'

opofiaxa' Xicop' Ca^acid-'
ov* ovviov'

dmd' lad' laCov' aovcEwd' aEPlov'

lov* Iqco.
15

V^.
'^fi\cov'

Tov ^oXofiSpTog fiEydXov
Xecop' 6a^a\cod'* alaS*

X&X&l

ji
\

x{vql)b 6 d^{Eo)g
ta)a\6s'

^toprj\xa'

oasXoX'

OovyEm'

a\aiE' ae' viovg)v\ovpri' ia7ja\a).

MSS PQ

=
11.

Rec. B.

11.

2—3.

1.

3

in mss. pentalpha

non

est

MS
MSS

L.

4
11.


1.

5.

1.

4 ravta: uvta ms.
1.

|

avv?] iatlv: ovvrj elalv ms.
'^

HI.

6—8.

)JyovTOq{^) Diels,
oapaibd- scripta
vise

fortasse

H f. 2^ 6 avTOV His: avrrj I Xeyovaa 7 )Ja)v: om. H, Xfymv Is
|

|

Xiymv.
|

post

6.0)0.'

iXwl'
a>*

ataco'

iXBl' transversis
I: iaco

lineis delevit I
i?,(o'r I
| |

|

^lo-

H

I

dwa
T.

I:

a'
\

a*

H
|

|

alaw

H, add.

aim om.

H

8 dca H, ays

I

ov: om. I

ovvlov: ovQaviov Is
s.

^Qa

H
ms.
|

MS
porg

11.

9-14
15

vide IntroducHonem p. 19

10

8()(ae)

fd-

ms.

MS

V^.

11.

— 17

vide Iniroductiomm p. 24

s.

Sigilla

Anuli Salomonis

lOI^

Rec. C.
avtr]'

Hv

6b

?J

EJicygag)?}

zrjg

aq)Qayi6og rov daxtvliov
sl6iv at ivdsxa

* xcA adcoxsv

rS SoXofiSpti' avrai
fist a

fCfQaytdai ag
fl

sSwxsp 6 ayysXog

rcov dcodexa Xld-cov eg cov

Ilia

C(pQayT6a sxei

rSv

xaQiOfiaxcov to fieysd'og.

Sigilla

Salomonis ex ms. L.
SoXo/X(5vTi

MSS VW.
y(rrfa)

11.

1

—2
V

'Hv
|

.

,

.

2 avrrj

:

xavttjq avxrj ^ a<pQa'
*
|

xov SaxrvXridlov

hie,

sequuntur duodecim sigilla

V

f . 437^,

W

f.

267^
I

SoXofiwvti rdv vldv dad
11.

V
fiiys&oq

MSS VV8W.
ooXofi&vta Vf,
^[etv) x(^v)

2—4
xdv

ccvxai

.

.

.

3 fxsxa
tal

.

.

.

Xld-cov:
(rfe)

xov

add.

xcc

itQoxla bx(ov xov i^' hd' <..

Mera

xo Xa-

a ag)Qay'i^6{av%

idoS'ioav
|

xal avxai
.
.

evdeiea

V

]

i^ (hv

VW:
<i

^1

ov Vs

4

a<pQay, om.
fie
(1.

V^

x&v

fisy,:

xb xaQia^ <. xal

xfjv x^^ttJ

xal ip' Xsid-

<

fisx') avT{ibv)

Va

AIHTHSIS nEPI TOY HPO^HTOY KAI 20*2TAT0Y TOY BA2IAE22 20A0M2NT02
rov aog)cordtov ^aaiXewq UoXoficovrog otoXv rov jtQog)^Tov Javsld rov fiaCdEmqA^ xal axovaare JtSg top syipvfjasv top 2oXofimp(Ta} dm rov OvQia rrjp yvpaZxa xr^p ojtolap ttjp eUep 6 3tQoq)fixriq Aaveid:};
Ac^yrjacg jtsgl
o:itov

L

<Dy)iXtfioq,

fjrop vtog

5

aypaprevopxsq sldsp avrr^p djzo ra jcagad-vQia rov jtaXaxiov^ xov xal xr]v i^ydji^Oep xal eotsiksp xal xrjp BJtfJQsp xal sjceobv
2.

fiax lo

avr^g,

xal £yya<5xQ(6^rj xal £ysvPf]6BP avrop xov
3-

<Sog>(6ta-

TOP JSokoiiSp(xa}.
VEVCSP.
4.

xal oxt fiovop jcSg sxafisp xijv
xt}q

(loixslav
Eg)6-

dlXa xal xov xaXaijtOQOP xop apdga

sCteiXsp xal xov

Kal

Idcop 6 /leyaXodvpafiog d^eog x6

xaxop ojrov

EStoirjCsv
bIq fis-

o Aaveld xal d-iXopxag va xov yvQlc^ slg EJti6TQ6g>7]v xcu
15

Tapoiav ipa

(irjv

xoXaCd-^ ala)vla)g, eCxeiXsp xop dgxdyyEXov
Big

av-

rov MixatjX ^a6xcoprag
fiop,
5.

xal BJCfjyBV elg

rag x^^Q^^ avrov ^pa (laxcilQi diOrorop xQog}i^rr}p Ndd-ap xal BbtEV amdv*
JavBid xop ^aCtXiav
xal eCv
fitjp

^vjcaya
fisydXfjp
20

sXeyxop rop

jtQog)i^xf]v

slg *

x^v

dfiaQtlap ojcov ExafiBV.
d'iXco

g)0^aCai xijcoxsg
(ih

on

£y<o

CXEXBCd-ai

Big

xovg pofiovg omOco

xovxo xo
d-iXEig
lis

dlarofiop

6JtaQ\

xo ^Byvfipa)fiBVOP.
6ep d-sXsi
[ib

xal idv NdO'av

^XixBip xal 6
6,

/!lavBl6

^Xejcbip ovdl noaAg,

2$

Kal ovxcog kyeg&Blg 6 Nad-ap xaxa top Xoyov rov dgxayyiXov xal ajt^yBP aig xov Jtgo^^xtjp Aavald xal aXBy^BV avxov xai xov ^Bysp Jtaga^oXixSg' ^fiaCtXia xal xgog)^X7j AavEid, avd^gcojtog bIxsp

BVVBP^xovra hvpia jtgo^arlpBg,

xal bIx^v xai iva

SovXoVj xal 6 6ovX6g rov kxBtvog bIxsp fiovop filap otgo^arivav,

MS E
I

=

codex Monasterii Sancti Saba 290;
add. X6y{og)

inc.

f.

177 \

Ad, c.I
*
\

cf.

D

i—ii.

Tit.:

^

C. I §

i

1.

3 noXXl

18 ^Xe^ov

f.

178^

20 oTexsaze

24 he^ov

26 ^aaiXeav

26 iveav

2

E 1,6—11,
xal xai

Ji^ytjaiq Jte^l xov Soyofiiuvtog

IO3*

i^^lBv6ev rov xal tov r^v sjt^qsv xal sig rb reXog IcxeiXev

TOP eg)6psv6ev xat kotrjQEV xal X7]v jcgofiarlvav rov.
ojtov
el6at,

xal cag

^jdMaioxQltfjg

djtog)aCiOov rl (liXXei yevicd-at 6 avajtexQi-O"?]

d'QosJtog sxetvog;^^
i

^^^

o JtQog)i^Tfjg Javald xal sbtsv

OTt*

isxslvog

apd'QG)jcog

jiqejibc

tov e^aXovv fieoa ecog rr]v fiECrjv xal

va oxatpovv iva Xaxxov xal va rov kxco<iovv fie to x^(ia
8.

m
ml
3

ovrmg va rov Xid'O^oXriOovv^,
>OT

xal

Xeyet

6

:^Qoq}^r'rjg

Nad'av'
trjv

^aCiksVj

ecv sloai axetvog ojtov exafisg rov g>6vov
9.

fioixslav*.

xal

rorsg 6 Aaveld cooav axovCev,
rj

sr^t

efieivsv

<D6av

vsxQog xal a2.Xa§sv

otpig

rov jtQocdjtov rov,
fis-

xal

eyvmQcCEv r^v afiaQzlav rov ojtov exa/isv xo JtSg rjrov

yaXri,

ofiwg * 6bv vj€SQi]g)avsvd-7jxsv cog fiaOiXeag ojtov rjrov tva

^pQYiCd'fj
a(i[i7j

xara rov jcqo^tixov Nad^av ojcov rov eXsy^sv

(ieydXG)g,

Jtagevd^vg eCfixwd-Tj d:;t6

rov d-QOvpv rov xal hjtQ06Bxvv7}6Bv
oXrjg

p xov

3tQog}^rfjP

Ndd'av fisra Saxgvwv xal dvacrsvayficov eg

xal bIjcbv ^dX7]d'Sg eyco alfiat ojtov TJgiaQrov evcoI T^g xagdlag MOV rov d-Bov xal dvd-Qwjiwv^, 10. xal Bvd"vg B^yaXav ra ^aoiXixa g)0QEfiara ojtov B^daraC^ev
Eici^Tj
;

xal s^aXBv cdxxov rglxivov xal

sig

Bva Xdxxov xal eXByev xal sB^Q'^psi cog xad-cog Bxafisv
fzh

20

tfjv

djt6<pa6iv
o:iiov

rr]p xgiotp

rov xal bxbZ TJQfioCsv rb tpaXri^Qiov
xal fiBZ exsiixoifi-^d-t]

avtb
vfjv

dia^d^ofisv

'^fistg rrjv OfjfiBQov rj^BQav.

trjp

fiBrdvoiav BdvvxcoQBaiv

rov 6

d'Bog

xal

kv

I Kvgicp ayiog xal jtQotprirrig xal ^aOiXeag. II. To XoiJtbv ag iXd^offiav xal Big rov vlov rov rov ^aCiXsav
25

SoXoiimvra ojtov Tjrov fisyag xal
y^yrov Javal6 xal
71

(io<pbg

xal rjrov vlbg rov Jtgo-

I

EJcagsXa^ev rov d^govov rov Jtargog rov xat

aocpia

I

cog)lav
0(i03g

rov vjteg jtdcav rrjv aog)lav rov xoCfiov, xal k^i^rrjCav djtb rbv d'sbv xal ovxl JtXovrov xal 66B,av xal rifi/jv.
d^Bog sdcoOav

rov oXa ra xaXd,
rifi^v.
2.

rr^v Cocplav,

rbv xXovrov

30 xctl

riiv

do^ap xal rr^v

xal o^cog d-aggovrag sig rrjv

I

Cotplav rrjv jtoXXtjv ojtov

sxslpov

rov sdcoosp 6 d^sbg ifiovX^d'T] va xrloii rbv vabv rov d-eov ojcov ^d-sXTjOSP va rbv dgx^O'^ o jza1.

9 I9 ^dfiii
,^

hat 17 §

10.

10 ala^ev 11 * EvyaXev 19 iai^T]
ms.

f.

C. II.

V. parallela in

D

I

f

SoXofiiovzoQ
scr.

30

§

2.

d-agdtvTCCQ

12—:II 31 noXX^v:

14 a^ IS cAflev 22 tdv: tov 21 ixvvov 24 tov vlov tov paatXeotg
178^
|

xrjvXXvv scripto supra t^v

710

man. prim.

I04*

^n^yrjaiq ns^l xov SoXofiiovroq

E

II,

2

TEQag Tov o Aaveid,

xal 6 2oXofii5v a^ovki^d't] va xov avaitla^
firj

ajto d-sfisXlwv exXsxTov xal 3tSQl<pri^ov tva

svQiCxsrai xarwd-sv
3. ofia>q

xov ovQavov

elg rrjp yfjp ajtava>

coOav kxetvov xov vaov.

eovva^ev X7]V xaxaaxevrjv aTcaGav. loejtov iavva^ev xsxvixaq xal
5

(la'iCxoQovg EJtexrjdslovg

SQyaxc5v.

xov aQid-fiov x^^^^^^? xeCCagig 6cx(og xcov xal agxioav va xxl^ovv xov vaov xov d'£Ov sig ovo/ia
^aoiXsvg ^oXoficov slxsv £va jcaidlov jtoXXa
utatSla

x^g aylag
3.

JSicov.

AotJtov

10

wgaioxaxov xal jco&sivoxaxov ajco oXa xa TOV xal fjxov €tSg)Qov xal yvoscxixov xal
xsxP^P,
xal hxaiQBXov 6

xov jtaXaxlov

ejiix'^deiov elg Jtaca

^aaiXsvg ^Xixovxag xo xal xo sxafisv :^aCav xov d-sXr]6iv xal

kmxQOJcov xal
o paCiXsvg xal

£jciX7]Q7]xrjp etg

dyaxa xo

slxsv

xo cooav tdtov vtov.
ajtavco
sig

XoiJtov xo effaXsv 6

^aOiXsvg xo Jtacdlov sxslvo
15

xovg fia'tOxoQOvg ojtov

sSovXsvav xov vaov xov d^sov sjtlxQOJtov xal sJtcxrjQrjx^v xal
sQfi7]vsvsv

xovg fialCxoQovg ojtov sdovXsvav xov vaov xov

d-sov.

xal s^Xsjtav oXoi xo Jtatdlov xal avxog
sig

ffadiXsvg xal sd-avfia^av

xtjv

yvcoCiv ojzov slxsvxrjg dX7]d-slag

4.

oficog

^Xsjtovxag 6 dta^oXog o

sx^Qog
20 ojtov

6sv ^fiJtOQisv

fitaQog

va ^Xsjf^ xo sgyov

sxaxamaOxTjxsv 6 ^aOiXsvg JSoXofi<^v ojcov oixodofia xov vaov xov d-sov xal Tjd-sXsv va xa^-^ xal xov ffaCiXsav va Xvjtrjd'^
6ia va dfisX'f]0u xo sgyov xov d-sov sxslvo 6ta va
xsXslav.
5.

ftfjv

g)xsiacx^

AXXa
xal

d-sXsxs

xo * dxovay JcagsfijtgooO^sv xl
xal
sjtcdad'r]

sjtad^sv

6
sig

25 /iiagog

sysXdaO'fj
rj^iigsg

xal

aiaxvvd'T],

XoiJtov

sxsivsg

xsg

sxccvsp t7]p otpip

agxtOsv sxslvo xo cogaioxaxov Jtaidiov xal xov xal xop povp xov xal syivsv coaav s^scxtj-

aogdxwg doto xov dsga %va jtovrjgov jtvsv(ia dxdd-agxov daifiovtov xal sjtsiga^s xo jtatdiov ojtoxs ^d-sXsv xal 30 va xoiiir]d-^ eig xrjv xXlv7]v xov xal xov sdsixpsv 6 fitagbg 6alxov. Xocjcbv rigx^xov
(lo^p

Xoytwv (pavxacisg.

6.

xai ^Xsjtovxag 6 ^aOiXsvg xo Jtatdiov

sxslvo sd'avfta^sv xal sXvJtaxov jtoXv xal ^s6i6sv

xov 6 ^aOiXsvg

6i3tXov xo g)ay7]xbv xal xa g>ogsfiaxd xov jtaga xcav
1 *
f.

aXXmv

nat-

179^

I

va

.

.

.

Q-BfisXLmv per dittograpHam bis scr.
d-i),?jfia

5 xicaQ^q

9 Ttaidiav
§4.
§
6.
1. I.

12 naaa xov
§
5.
1.

corr.

Pr, Bessarion

15 iSovksvEv
\

20 olxoSofiav 82 TtoUl

24

*

f.

179 '^

25

inrjdaS-rjv

alaxvvd-Tjv

h E

IIj

6—9
6:7sov

Ji-^yriGiq tibqI

tov SoXo/^&vxog

IO5*
slg trjv
f]

I

61g)P

bIxev

eig

to :^akaTi6v rov ojtcog va eXd"^
elg rrjv

f

stQOtsQav
o^ig

rov xardoraOiP xal

ra^iv ojtov bI^bv, aXXa
slg

rov JCQoCoijtov rov 6hv aXXa^BV aXXa fiaXXov
6.

ro

yBC-

QOtBQOV.
P5
I.

Kal

filav

rmv

rjfiBQmv BQ(6rTj6sv 6 ^aOiXevg ro JcaiSiov

mi

iXeyev

rov

»Bljte fiov,

rizvov

fiov,

6ia rl slcai xlrgivog xal

Oxvd'QCOjtog Big

r^v

o'tpiv

xal^o vovg Cov 6bp slvat fiBra Cov ^o7*

vov Blcat jtaQ7jXXayfiEvog<i.
Bljtfj

^^*

^^ Jtatdlov 6bv

tJ^-bXep

va

rov paGiXiayq rl

BJiad-BVB. xai fiXsjtovrag

rovto o fiaCtXBvg ^cog
xa^i'^

6sv

rov ajtTjXoyarov id-avfia^B xal iXvjtarov noXi) ro rl va

mi
%

aQXLGBV o ^adiXsiyg fiBra ogyr^g xal d-vfcov xal BXsyBV Jtgbg ro
^pct

jtaidlov
slg

(lov Bijt^g rrjv aX^d-Bcav ajto rl sxaradrad-Big tr^t

riroiav * d-Bcoglav xal Jtmg k^yrjXBg
d(i(ifj

B^ag)va djio rov

vow

Cov,
%

va

rj^BVQ'^g

on

jtoXXa fidcava fiiXXstg va jtdd-^g xal

va X^^V^ ^"^ '^^^ ^(o^P COV. 8. ravra cog tJxovobv ro Jtaidl Exelpo bXbybv jtQog rov ^aOiXdav fisrd Saxgvmp xal g)6^ov xal
TQoiioV
^avd-Evrrj iiov JtoXvxgovrjfiBVBj
rj

B/iiva

oXa ra xaXa
XbIjibi,

fiov

ra

BXBt

^aoiXsla oov dofiBva xal rijtorsg 6bv fiov
^lov,

ajto

ra xaXa oXa avrd dhv Bvg)galpBrat ^ xagdla
I20

dXXd dxovCop

fiov, avd-BPrrj,

va cov
xal

dtrjyrid^co

rl jcad^alvm,

bxbI ojiov xoiftovfiat

rTjv xXlvrjv (lOv 'ig^Brat

Idg moav
axg7]v
aifta
25

Bvag dpd-gcoxog fiavgog xard JtoXXa

^AgdjtTjg

fih

jtXaxcovBt Big rrjv xagdlap xal jttdvBi rTjv
ffvC,dvBi

rov daxrvXov fiov rov (iixgov xal
xal ndXip fiov
q>alvBrat
rrjp

xal jcIpbi ro

fiov

rjiiigap xal sgxBrac cog
rrjg

ayysXog xal fiov XiyBi

on

va

ftrjv

ro BiJtw
fiB

^aCiXslag Cov

avra ojtov JtaB-alvo} xal hxBlPog d'iXBL
fiavgov xal fiov bIjibv
9.

kyXvrcoCBt auto rop
yXvroofiop

on

av Cov ro

bIjioo

6bp

e;fco«.

Tavra axovCag o ^aOtXBvg
fis

kd-avfiaCBP

xal BvxctglcrrjCBv

xvgtov rov d'BOp xal bvotjCbv o ^aCiXBvg

on

BXBivog Ofiov BJtBlga-

^BV

ro Jtaidlop

rocavrsg g>apraclBg Btpat jtVBVfia Jtovrjgov xal
xal jtagBvO-vg BxafiBv 6 ^aCiXsig dirjCiv

dxdO-agrop Saifioviop.

Jtgbg rov d'BOp fisra 6axgva)v xal fisrcc cvvrBrgififiBvrjg xagdlag ^fiigav xoL vvxrav 6cd va rov djtoxaXvy?^ o dsog fth rl fiodop

§ 7.
l'|a
1.

L 8

iid-ekE

12
§
8.
1.

1.

hai

13

*

f.

180^

|

evyilsceg

\

6^a<pva ego:

14

afiii

25

Isyet: Xin mss.

27

oxv av ex d

«v

§ 9.

32 xaQdlatq

Io6*

Ji^yTjaiQ TtSQl Tov SokofiwvTog

E

II,

9—III,

i

5

va xaraQad-^ to daifioviov sxslpo ojtov ejislga^s to Jiaidlov, 10, Tcdt Idcov o d-sog xa daxQva xal rovg xoxovg rov el6^^ xovCsv o d-sog TTJg derjdscog 2olo^iv{rog) xal jtaQsvd"vg sCrsikev TOP dgxayysXov avTOv MtxaTjX fih gilav ^ovXXav ^yovv 6<pQayi6a xal ttjv b6coxbv tov ^aHiXimg xa\ tov bIjiev otl kxBlvog 6 'Agdjirjg tjtov jiovtiqov daifiovtov xal sQisxai doQaTa}g xai ^aOtXsvg va tt^v dcoc^ tov jtaidlov jTSigd^si TO JtatdloP xai
xal

jtstgdC,!;!,

^oTav vjtdyxi ^dXiv to daifiovtov sig ttjv xXiv7]v vd tov vd top xqovc^ elg to CTTJ&og (is ttjp a(pQayl6a tov d-EOv xal pd TOP dicxi xal vd top <piQ'^ sfijtQOOd'ap aov xal iav
dEtgxi

UoXoficop s^ETa^ov avTOv Iva dov
xal ECv (1ST

oXsg tov reg km^ovXlg

avT^g

TTJg Ctpgayldog d-iXstg jiaTd§^ jcapxa dia^oXov

Trig yrjg
15

tov xal vd Tovg ovpd^^ oXovg tov dsgog xal xalTTigd-aXdoorjgxalTcoPxaTaxd'Ovlmpxal pd olxodo(i^a^g TOV vaop TOV d-sov (lET avTcop Tcop jroprjQcop daifiopwp xal vd
xal TT]V dvpa/itP
sIps sQyaTEg
slg

Tovg TSXPiTag^.

11. xal ejctjqsp 6 ^adiXsvg ttjp

6(pQayl6a

dxo top aQxdyysXop Mtxai^X xal

EvxagiCTrjOsp top d^sov

xal dot

Exslvrjg Ttjg aq}Qayl6og Eg)Tslaasp 6

2bXo(i^p spa daxTvxal sxQa^EP to
Jtai-

XiiiOP JtaQOfiotop djto Xid'ov Tifi^g JtoXX^g,
20 Slop

xai

sSoxep tov

t7]p

povXXap tov

d-sov xal

tov sIxbp

C05

xad^mg tov sutag^yyBiXsp o dyyeXog,
12.

^Eaotsgag 6h yBP0(iBP7]g socsasp to jtaidiop vd

xoi(i7jd-fj aig

TTjP xXiP7]p TOV' xal idov Eg)d^aaBv xal 6 dtd^oXog
rid-siap

xaxd

ttjp cvp-

ojtov

eIxbp Sid

vd Jt£gixvxX(6a^ to

otaidiov,

xai bIxev

25 * TTiP

Bppoiap xaTd ttjp JtagayysXlctv ojcov tov eIjibv 6 avd-hTfjg TOV 6 2oXo(i^v xal s^ovXXwcev top 6id^oXo(p) sm to CT^d-og (IE TTjp ^ovXXap tov d^EOv, 13. o de CaTapag E^ofjas g)<x>v^ (isydX^] xal eIjibp'
^ova'i fioi xqi d&Xl<p, Jccog

sxaTadovXcod'^p xal

syipa vTtodovXog vjto tov I^oXofiwPTog^,
30

xal jcagavd-vg Earixmd-ri

TO jtaidiop djto

ttjp xXiPtjp

tov xal s6eobp tov did^oXop xal top

vjtriyEP E(iJtgo0d-BV

tov fiaCiXsog,

III. Eal cog top b16ep 6 UoXoftSp Bd^av(iaOEP xal svxaglcSTTjasp Evgtop TOP d^sop, xal eIjcep 6 2oXo(idtp ngog to Sid^oXop' s>eIjcs

1
fxiv

'^

f

.

180^

§ 10.

1.

ex dvv, corr. prim. man.
C. Ill,
cf.

12 ndvta ex Ttaaa corr. § 12. 1, 23 evB^aaev
D.
Ill

Pr. Bessarion

13 dvva-

25
1.

*

f,

181^

parallele in Test, Sal. 11 et ms.

32

evxccQiad-rjaev

E in,
^Qt,

I— IV,

3

/Jii^yTjaig tie^I

vov DoXofiwvroq

lOJ*

jtvevfia

jtovrjQov

xal axad-agroVj
jcqXv
iirj

ri

oov iotip ovo/ia xal

M(q) ^ov ^ igyaala
'yESVVfjg'j<^
i;lag
5

<ss

rifiaigriaa) slg

rov rojtov

trig

2.

xal o dalficop eIoisV

»ro ovofia fiov xakov(iat Ogt}

xal

slfiai vjto

aegog xeXwviov xal

sgyaoia (lov slvat avrrj'
xal jzors coOav yv-

cxavdaU^co

rovg dvd-gwJtovg xal rag xagdiag xcov xal a^agra-

vow
valxa
seal

xal jirjcfiovovv
'e(iogg)fj

xov hutovgaviov
slg

d-eov,

g)avra^o(iai

xov vjcvov rovg xal afiagxavovv
xal Jtoxs coOav Xeovxagiv

jioxB (D0av <ixvXog yivofiai xal Jtors caOav ya'Cdagog xal Jioxs

r (Ddav asxog (isxa

jtxsga ylvo/iai,

fie

no aXXovg dalfiovag yivofisod-ev^ xal Jtoxs aXXa}v Xoyiciv <pavxaO'ug
g)avta^6(is0d'ev
slg

rovg dpO-gwjtovg,

xal

ojtoxs

Idovfisv

xov

aQxayysXov Mixafjl xal xov Fa^gtriX fiag ejtixifiovv
vctfttv

fie xtjv 6v-

xov

d-eov, xaxagyiCpfie<Sd-ev^,

3.

xal xavxa axovCag o ^a-

0devg 2oXoficov edo^aOe xov O-eov xal * ejctxaXeCd-rixev
15

xovg

agxayyeXovg xov MixafjX xal xov Fa^giriX^
ol

xal evd-vg eg)dv7]xav

i

agxdyyeXot djtb
fis

xov ovgavov xal dXvOidedavxeg xov Ogvlav
ol

TOP oaxavav
6x1
HTjg
20 ol

xo xdyfia xov oXov ogtcdv xovg

dgxdyyeXoi

va vjtdyovv djto dxgov x^g yyg eayg dxgov xal djto d-aXdava xov^aXTJaovv fidgfiaga ^agvxara. xal jtdXtv coOav rjXd-av

daifioveg d^to exelvrjv xijv vJtTjgeoiav

rovg e^aXsv ucdXtv 6

/9«-

CtXevg xal exoJtrav fidgfiaga xal cldagov did rfjv olxodofiTjv

rov

vaov rov d-sov.
rV.

Eal jtdXtv 6

fia6iXevg ixga^ev exetvo xo exXexxov Jtai-

6I0V xal eijtev xov' ^ejtage^ xexvov, rrjv C<pgayl6a
25

xov d-eov xal

rov ^Ogvlav xov Caxavav xdi vjtdyexs xaxd xovg egrifiovg xoTcovg
xal 03C0V

av evgsxe dalfiovag

fie

xo rdyfia rov vd rovg PovX7.co-

vd rovg g)egere e6S eig ^fiag<i. 2. xal sjtTJgev to 3tai6iov r^v dpgaytda rov d'sov xal rov 'Ogvlav rov 2aravdv xdi vjtrjysv xard rovg egrifiovg rojtovg xal hxet rjvgav rov agCere oXovg xal
30

xovra rSv daifiovcov rov BeeX^e^ovX xal Xeyei 6 'Ogviag 6 aaravag Jtgbg rov BeeX^e^ovX rov dgxovra rSv Saifiovwv xdi rov Xeyer •^xaXet Ce 6 ^aOiXevg 2oXofi<5v fih rov ogiCfiov rov d-eov
rov aa^amd-^.
6 SoXofioiV
3.

xal Xeyai 6 BeeX^a^ovX'
Xeyetg'^,^

ojtov

xal

»xat Jtolog elvat avroq to xaidiov jcagev&vg egt^sv rf]v

§ 2. 1. 6 dkijafiovovv 2 i^yaalav parallela 1. c. in ms. D III. C. IV.

§
1.

3. 1.

14

*

f.

181 ^

25. 29 zovq: raq

I08*

Jn^yrjOig tcsqI xov

Uokofi&vtOQ

E

IV,

3—9

0g)Qayt6a xal exoXXrjCsp slg rbv BseX^s^ovX, xal evd-vg
(lera

eOrjxcod'T]

^lag

fie

egt

x^^^-^^^Q

6aifi6via, xal eJirjyav sfiJtQOO&'EV rov
ol daliioveg

^aCtXewg * 2oXofi^v{Toq) zai xov exgoCxivrjOav oXoc
J

5

xal o fiaOiXavg EvyaQtCrrjCev xov d'sbv xov ovgavov xal x^g y^q ojiov xov Ti^icoasv xoiavtrjg x^Q^'^og xal xtfi^g xal xov sjtQOCxv-

vovGav

ol

dalfiovsg,

4.

xal ijcagaCxtjOev
[ih

o paCilEvg 2JoXoficov

xo xdyfia xov oXov cddsQodsfisvovg xal ^ovXkoDiiivovg oXovg fth xov d^sov xo ovofia, sha XsysL JtQog xov BaeX^s^ovX xov jiqcqxov dca^oXov' »rt Cov ectt
10

xov BesX^s^ovX xov Oaxavav

TO ovofia xal
aQXG)V £^c
xal

t]

sQyacSla

Cov

7]

fiiaQct o:n:ov

jtQaxx8tg]'i

5.

xal

6al(io}v slTtsv ^eycb slfiat 6:n:ov ovofia^ofiai BesX^sfiovX xal sifiai
;^f2tadcoi^ daifiovoiv xal Xeyofiai yaCx^g d^rjXvfeavlag, flow 6 otgrnxog ayysXog xov ovgavov 6 Xsyofisvog BeeXftsx' hfiov

hym

7]

C^s^ovX.
15

xal rjxov

xal aXXog Jtg^xog Caxavag 6 Xeyo-

fiEvog^Eoaipogog, jiXtjv 6:^£xlfi7jasv xov 6 d-ebg xal axaxaxXelod-Tj
£V xagxago) dsOfiw,
6.

xal eycb
fiov,

slfiai

ojtov xafivw xovg dalfiovag

xal eIvs

slg xrjv

e^ovclav

kym

elfiac

6 agx<ov xov degog dg

xd

Jtovrjgd xal

axad^agxa Jtvsvftaxa, xal

fiaraOX'i]ficcxt^ovvxai xal

ylvovvxat
20 xaolsg

og

avO-gojcot xal (palvovvxat slg ovsiga xal eig g)av'

xaxeg xal dfiagrdvovv,
7-

xal ftixgd jcaidla jcvlym

ctfia slg

xsg fidveg xa)v xovxd.

^^^ o^toiog dvd-ga>Jcog xav avdgag xav
sdixrjg flag xal

yvvatxa xal elvat djto evegyelag
Xiy^ axC,f >jtg6q}^aaov
25 '^Pag)a7jX 6
ixat.
8.
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gmccgdlav xov JSs6sxiov
3iQog)^tf]v

rov ^aCiXemq
elq

bIjisv

top

'isQE/ilav

xov

ore

va vjtay^

rov vaov xal
rrjv
yrjv.

^taQ-^

ra dyia
ra ayia

6x£vr]

I

xov vaov

xal va

Jtagaddoj^

xal roreg 6 jigo^i^zrig
Oxevr}

Ts ^IsQ6(ilag k^riyev
xr^g

dg xov vaov rov

d-sov xal sjvtjqsv

aylag 2ig)v xal EJtaQ£6a)X6V avra rrjv y^v xaQ-Ag rov sjtag-

TiyyeiXev 6 d-eog

xal sjc^gsv xal ra xXsidla djto rb ayiov d^vciaIgtipsv

cxrigiov

rov vaov xal ra

xaxm dg

rijv yrjv sfigjtood-ev

rov

^llov xal
[lo

EiJtev a Jtgoq)7jrr]g'

^enags avra xal g)vXa^s ra ea}g
avra, oxi
i^fcelg

ojiov

va egeraa^ xvgiOQ o ^ebg 6c
6ia va xa g)vka§G)fisv^,
ijXd^Bv xal

6hv avgad-rj-

xafisp a^ioi
3,

Kal xoreg

6 ^aoiXsvg 6

Na^ov^odovoamg

djio

xTjV

Ba^vXSva

xal ejtagsXa^s rrjV legovcakrjfi xal exovg6evoev

avxTjv xal

roreg kxaet ro oxsjtaCfia rov vaov ojtov sxxccsv 6

^aGiXsvg 2Jo/iofiSv ojtov
:'

xov slxsv axsjtaOfisvov rov vaov oXov

fis

dypop iidXafta^ xal xaiovrag ergsxBv * ro fidXafta a}6dv Jtordf/i
(isydXov.
XTjv

xal rov SaSsxiav rov ^aOtleav rrig IsgovOaXrjfi Exotpsv

yvvatxa rov xal ra jtaiSla rov sfurgooB-ev elg r

a^^drid
(is

rov xai
[20
'

avrov rov irv<p?.G)0sv xal rov ejt^gsv alxfidXosrov

xov Xabv oXov rfjg ^hgovaalrjfi elg rrjv
Saioi ojtov

Ba^vXmva,

4. ol 6i

XaX-

sxovgasvOav

rTjv %govaaX7](i xal

xovgOEVovrag rjvgav

25

^aOcXEvg 2o2.ora dyyEla ra xalxmiiaXEVia ojtov eIxev Hmv xovg dalftovag 6<paZi6fiEV0vg xal ^ovXXosfiEpovg fih X7]v c<pgaylSa ojtov xov eoxecXev d-sog djto xovg ovgavovg (lExa xov dg^ayyiXov Mixarjl. xal ^7Jjtovrag ol XaXdaioc ts^ ^ovX7.Eg res XQVOEg xal ra dyyEla IxElva xa xaXxa)(iarEvta ojiov i^rov elg rr]v
EXitva
yrjv ;^03a^£Vci:j

xal Etpalvovvrav coOav Jt7]yd6ia ^ovXXwfiiva sd-dg-

Qeyjav ol

XaXdalot

on

Elvai d^rjCavgog xExgvfifcevog (xal) sjtrjyav

xal

E^E^ovXXa)6av djto

ixEtva

rhg

^ovXXsg rhg XQ'^^^^

^^'^ '^£?

e^e^ovXXa}6av xal £<pvyov ol daifiovsg ajzo exeI jidXtv xdi hjiriyav
jtdXiv elg rhg

ng^XEg

ogytCfiEVEg xc^roixtsg xal jtaXiv xsigaC^ovv

xovg avd-gwutovg.
XII. AotTcov

2oXo(icov 6ev yjrov

avra ra xarogd^(Dfiara ojtov sxafisv o ^aaiXEvg dnb eSix^v rov dvvaficv ovdh dno rrjv (SotpLav

§ 2.
scr.

1.

7

postea eras.

xXvSlav § 3. 1. 16 notccfcrjv 22. 26 ayyiccv

§ 4-

1.

21

f pro

xovQaevovuaq

I20*

Jt^yijatg ns^l xov SoXofi&vzog

E

XII,

1—3

rov

T7IV

JtoXkiiv

aXXa

ri

dvvafiig

7}xov

rov fieyaXov

d-eov rov

vtplorov rov fiovoyevovg vtov rov &eov ojcov efisXkev a3to xov
JJoXofi(5vTog rov ^adtXicog ttjv (pvXrjv va aagx&d^^ xal emg rov

xaiQOV ojtov
5

7]Xd'£V xal sOagxciQ-t] 6
elg xfiv yrjv

xvgiog ruimv

^ItjCovg

Xgiavog
Xy,

XQ^^^^ 726 xal exafisv
sCxavQcod'Tj

aofiaxixwg xcoj'ovs

xal

xal exdq)/} xal (xvioxfj ex
fih xrjv

xmv

vexQcov,

xal ^fiag

10

evigyaiav xov xifiiov xal axavQov exaxldxvpsv xov iisyav dia^oXop xov ex&gov 2. XoiJtov xal sxahrj rj OpQaylda eixsv xov xvtrig 'ipvx'fig fiag. jtop xov xifilov xal ^osojtoiov Cravgov xal hjtaxa^ev oXovg xovg

exaQUSev Qcotjv xtjv altovtov xal
^(oojtoiov

dalfiovag xal oxt fiovop xovg EdeOev aXXa xal sJtaxa^sp xovg xal

xo £p vcxigotg Jtdkip coCap £X8Xela}0ep xov paov xov d-eov jtdXip xovg Eag)aXi6£p xal xovg eg}vXaxa)6£V oXovg elg exelpa T(a) ayyela
15

xa x^^^ofiatevia.

3.

Xomop

elg

kxovxov xop xaigop 6001
rjfiag

JtiCxevovp XOP xvgiop ^fiwp Irjdovp XgiCxop xop 61

oxavfih

god-epta xaxade^dfispop
CrjfiEiov

fih

xaXrjp Jtlaxip xal

fie

xaXd egya

xo

xov

xifilov xal ^wojtoiov 6xavgov xovg dipei xal xovg
(leydXi]

xaxagyet dtoxi
20 do^aC^ofiEV

dXvcida elvat 6

xifiiog

xal ^ooxoibg 0xav-

gbg ojtov flag a^rjxEp va xdfiP0(iEP va xop vfivovfisp xal va xb
6ia

pa va

flag

yXvxcov^ djto ix^Q^"^^ ^vxtxovg xai 6md^t(6o^

(laxixovg xal

flag

kp

xfi

^aOcXEla
fi

xmp ovgavAv

tjg

yevotxo Jtdpxag

rifiag

ep

XgiCxA

x<p d-ew, (p

do^a xal xgdxog
del

xov Jtaxgog xal xov viov xal xov dylov jtpevfiaxog pvp xal xal elg xovg al<5pag xwp almvmv, dfiriv.
3
*

C. XII.

1.

f.

191^

§ 2.

1.

13 kyyzifxv

§3.

1.

21 ^miUiav

Emendationes
p.

in

Textum.
cum
I et

L.

II* 12* 14* 16*

7
I

SiaXoytadfiEVO^ « iiikXei ooi (pgaaai
<pXiyov

N.

cum HIN.
vno ndvxwv
. .

6 ifKpaivo): add.
I

tcbv Saifidvcav xslevofiBvoq

cum N.

om.
Pro

ical

^QQirpev

.

(xoiQav

cum

A

et

N.

2 scccxeiv^ ovTog
25* 26*
5 7
Aeii;ffOi;
I.

Xvcov

cum N, cum NP.

dv einag yivoq xb iv t^ 'EqvB-qo. ^aXdaa^ XQe^o^svov

cum LN.

8 iyd}

27*
29*

6

avxbv ovx dvEveyno) nQoq ae cum LN, xdv ^X(oi\ xb fieya; cf. N,
C.

2 ^ cv(>a ixeivf]

32*

4 5-cat
6
7

cum LN et cum N, cf. P. avrcfcc cum NP. «7to x^q TtQQiXrjg cum HN.
7j
(Jfi

9
34* 3

devxs^a, 33*, 1 ^ XQCX7J.

etc.

8
37* 10
38* 14
39*
5

cum NP, ^ Fxr?? cum HNP. ifiol dh xaxhavzi iniB-viilav XTJg ootplag N. xaxaax<bv cum HN.
xal

ayayi

fioi 6)6e

xbv 6aLfxova N.

40*

^oel xsgaalov (vel xe^axlov) x6 eldog dfxoTog cum 4 Pro ydg 1. dd cum N. 5 Pro Hvo^a \. afiaj pro dv Xeyeibveq 1. Xeysiiiai,
6 AE0vx6(pQ0)v

A

et

N.

cum HLN,

41*

5

II

AeovxofpQOva cum HLN. Pro Ttatdla 1. v?J?tta cum

HN.

51* 56* 57*

6 ol 6h

cum LN.

3 xaXovfxai ^Pv^ MaQdsQO), cf.

N

et

H.

4 Pro
9

71* 10 74*

cum HN. 'A§£Qb^lQ-ov cum NQ. Pro secc. 7 et 8 lege cum HN: xb Ttdvv dyanav avx^v^ xal
vAff
1.

?;igj

7.

^yo) 6e 6 6v<JXJjvog (axodo^rjaa Sik

diegdyrj

fxeydXog^
xat

xal iaxoQTtla^ri xo
cxfJTCtQa

^ ^aaiXEta fiov xal wXdX.v^a nvevftd fiov xal iddO-tj dg dovXeiav
xozs
avvfjxa

'leQOpoctfi

dixa.
fioi'

xd

Qrjd-svxa

fioi

vno

x(bv

6aifi6vo)v

dxi

^tptjadv

-^vno

xdg x^^Q^Q ijfiwv fieXXeig re-

XsvxJjaai^.

122*

Emendationes in Textum
8. Kal sy^atpa x^v diaO^XTjv fiov lavzTjv ^toTq ^Iov6aloL<^ xal xazshnov ravxriv avzoZg elg [xvrifxoavvov tiqo rEXsvtrjq fjLOv, ^ Sia^xi] /J.OV g)vX<xzTsaS'(o naQ vfiotv elg fxvar^^cov fisya xaxa Tivsvfidxcov axa$-d^Tiov wars yvcovac vfiaq xibv 710vj]Q(ov 6aifi6v<ov xd^ f^rj^avag xal z(bv aytcov dyyeXwv xdg dwdftsig* Sxl ivicxvet f^syag xvQiog Sa^aci)^ 6 ^£og ^loQa^X xal vnixa^ev in ifxol ndvxa xd Saifioviay

iv

(p

iSoS-T]

fxoi

0(pQaylg dia^^xrjg attovlov.

9.

xal dni&avov' iv x^

^aaiXEia
alg

fxov xal nQOoexid-Tjv fxexd

xmv

7iax6^o)v fiov iv eIq^v^^ xal
TiQercH zifx^ xal n^oaxvvrjGig

inX7i^Q)d-7i

d vahg xvqLov zov ^eov, zovg alibvag zwv alwvwv d/J.'jv.

w

Corrigenda.
p.
L.

48

;

INDEXES
I

References in

Indexes

I

to

IV are

to

chapter

and

section

of

text^

in Indexes
(?)

V and

VI to pages of Introduction, * Hapax legomena; + conjecturally restored;
copyist's errors.

Probable

I.

Index of

Grammar and Syntax
is

A
'AlU I 2 Q XI 5, XIII

complete exhibit

not attempted

Adverbs and conjunctions

S^Xadi^

C X
I 13

25

V 3 PC,

VIII

5, 6, 8,

IX

7,

drjta

D
I

2, 3, 5, XV 4 P, XVI 2 P, XVni 3 {bis\ XX 5, 7, 17, XXV 8 B, XXVI 3; C V 3, XIII 6; D VII 3; cf.

Slo I
12,

L,

XXII
6,

5

P

;

dLorc

IV

9,

V

loP,

VTI

XXVI
VIII
12
5,

2

Q
XVin
VI
I5(?), 35;

oh fiovov
av
c.

ind.

X

"Edv
6;
(T.

c.

ind.

II,

su5j. I 9,

XVIII

21,

c.

XXV 8 P
ctpa I

subj. I
5,

W,

13,

8, 10

[bis)^
{bis)',

2L, XIV

4,

XXII

12 B;

D IV 4 X
2, 3i,
6, 5,

VII
t.

XI

XVII 4P, XXVI 4
XVIII 9,
10,

ind.

ml

subj.

11,

12

et

pas.

T&Q IV

7,

VIII 12 {pis\

IX
2

2,

ei

=
XII

whether
3,

IV
VI

i,

XXII

12;

C XI

i;
c.

Xn

H, C IV V3{PC), VIIIi2,Xl5, DI2(^/.),
3,

XVI 2P, XX
cf.

XIII 13;
10,

D

VI
XIII

12;
2,

=
2;

if,

ind. praes.

XXIII
t.

2;

n
ye

I,

et j>as.\

seal yccQ

Xm 3P
IX
5

C

X

8;

fc.

ind. aor.

XXVI

ind.

yovv

V,

XV
2

5

^^e I I

L, C,
5, 6,

AL,
I, 2,

C{bis\
3,

3, 4, il, 12,
I,

n 4,
8, 9,

C

X

D

I

3, 4, 5) 6>

XVII 2, 4; C IX 8, X 12, Xni I D VI 2; 6. subj. XVII 3 ft («)} XnisP, 4, XV IIP fZra XVIII 15P, XX 19H; LI: {bis\ II 1, 5, III 4, IV 1, 12, V 12 {pas}),
fut.

10, ei pas.

VII 8

(^w);

CIX

10

66

xai
II,

n 3.
IV
5,

IV
VII

6,
2,

V 9, XIV 3i
VIII
5,

C

I 3. 4,

f£Te
'svS^a

XX

13 {pas^

X 3, 6,

n,

21,

VIII 3, et pas.; cf. o rfe under Si Article, and fiev XIII 14; (^^ I 3 C. 4 Q; C Pro 3, XI 9,
II I,
.
. .

D

iitel

IV 4PCC°; C XI 3; D VI 4 XVI 3A, XVUI 3H; C Xin
I

14;

D

12

invi6^

XV

4 P.
20;

Dl3>

1117

XXII 3B,

XVI 3P, XVIII C XIII 6

3

LP,

;

4

124*
sneira
sri
Ftt>e

I.

Index of Grammar and Syntax

V8, XII6L C XII 3; D IV9
«..

iVw VI
6P.
c.

3,

XI

6.

XII
5,

3,

XIII 3 P

{bis\

XIV

2, 3,

XVI

XXIII 4; C V4-

ind.fut. II 5 L;

subj\

XV loP;

D IV
"O&sv

13 [bis]

D

I 12; t. opt.

C

XIII 12

"H XI

5,

XIII 2P,

XVI

5P, XVIII 16P,
II

XXV 3Q
6.

XX
IV
^rf?;

8H, 16H, XXII
2,

B;

D

djtdtav
II

ind, fut.

C XIII

14;

c,

subj,

III 8,

5,

15

^yow

I

2W
5,

3B; D II 7 'Sitov XXII 20 P, XXIII 2
Stcws
c\ '•

2««''

I9L: VII

XX20B

A'f'

C
IV

XIII

2,

7;

L

I 5;

^vUa XXV 3 P, 7P ^zot C X 28
"Iva
c,

subj. I

5,

XXn
7

iiQ,
15;

XXV
c.

6Q; C

Xni7;
Srav

D

I 3;

inf.

I9L

subj.

V

13 L,

VI 4P, XIII
1X8, XII
15, 16

7 {ind.

fut,, mss.),

XX 2H. XXV 6P, XXVI
4,
2,

CL, XIII 6 L, XXV 3 Q, 7H; 6. j«.$;. C VII 7; D VI 4 Stc II 5H, VII 7 HP, VIII II, 1X5,
II 5 1,

VII

4B, SB; C Pro
1,

XIII
Ztl

XIII

2,

5;

D

I 12,

IV

= because IV
XXII
that II iL,

6,

XV

5 {bis) P,
6,

14 P,

V
8;

11,

12 L,

XXV 7Q XX 11,
XXIII
2,

16, 21,

I,

II, 15, 18,

XXVI 3H; C IX
Ka&dq
I 14,

VI
7,

11,
;

TtaL I I, 2, 3, etpas,

=

XII

5

=

D IV

11,

VI

i;

IV

6,

V

5P, 10

{bis\

^^z'^zw I i
8,

L,
et

IV

9,

XVI 4P, XVIII

18P, 19L, XX2H{?),

V

12,

Vn
6,

VIII
14,

7,
tf/

II,

pas,,

C IV

X
6,

2, 4,

pas,\

12 {tris\ et pas,\

= "va C X
10,
5,

D

I 3, 7,
;

11
6,

xal

ydQ IV
loP;

V4,
3.

5,

VI

2,

XV

7, iiH, XXIII 4B, XXIV 2, XXV IB» XXVI 2H, 7H, 8H; C Pro 4; in direct address XXVI 4!; D I 13, VI 3 ov, ovx, ovx I 2C, 4L, VI 5, XX 17,

C Pro
12,

XI

XII 3

et

pas, oh

fxri

c

ind, fut. I 13;

c,

subj.
. .
,

XXV

8B;

D IV
I 2
7,

6;

ov fiovov
5,

Mh
I

VIII

XV

-3, 5,

...(y£lV4HI, 5HIP,

XXIII 4H; fisv V 3PC, IX

dXXcc

xall 2W, XI

XXni2; C

XIII 14;
oi}V II 5 L,

D

A, XIII I, 3P, XIV 2. XV (P) 1,5, 8, XVIII 43P; CV3, X38, XI 4, 9;

VII

IX

7

P

{bis),

X 3, XII 6,
5P,
3,

XIV

5,

XV
VI

6P, 7P,

XVI iH,
II 3,

D

XVIII 4P,

I

13,

II 4,
. .
.

VII
fisv

XX 5H,
{bis);

14H, XXII
XII 6;
I

I

;

fihv

.

.

.

seal

V3;
fisvxoi
//^X?i

^ev

C Xin4

XXV 3P, 5B
IV
ovze
9,
.

C
6,

D

C XI
t.

10,
.

2 {bis\ 3, VII

9

ind.

IX
12,

8 A,

XXV 7;

.

ovte

D
i,

IV

VIII

c,

subj,

7

IX 8P
nil
c.

^ubj. I

13,

V
4,
t.

10,

II,
{bis),

VI

6,

nx^v c
TtSd'EV II 11;

XIII
I

12
8,

XV 4P,
XXII
XII
2,
;

XVII
iiB,

3,

XVIII

18

24P,
8, 7,

L,

IV

IX

4, 5,

XIV

2,

XX

5,

XXVI
VIII

8P;

C IX
2,

C XI 6
II 5

XIII 2 {bis\ 3;
inf. I 14,

gen. abs. II

TtSte TtOTS

L
VI 14; TtOTh f4hv M IV 5, VIII 4; CXI IX 3, XVII 2, XX 20; C X
. .

V

5

r.

7, 8,

X

XX 6P; CX43;I)l4; IV
VII
2;
6-.

16,

XVE 5, VI 14,
16;
3

XXV 3; D
dh II
I

Ttorh
Ttov II

3,

Z^;-/. I 9I,

XIV
c.

4,

XX

L,

CX
//^

38,

ou

D I 3, D II 3
14

III 8;

adj.

C Pro

46, 47, 48, 49

TlOV I

4

yitiU

D

III 8

TttbQ I 3,

V 3,

VI

6, 10,

IX 2, XI
7,

5,

XII

6,

niflioq

D VI

XX

14,

XXV

5;

DI

3, 13,

IV

12

I.

Index of Grammar and Syntax
8, 9,

I^S"*

feDVIl4;

T^ ..

5fat

I3P, 7A, XIX

7,

10, et pas,,

XI
I2,
6

7, 8, 7,

XII
12,

i, 2,

iH, XXII iB, 4; C Pro 3 (^w). X 29; D li I, III 2, 6 (3w), 8, VI 10, II, 13,
VII
4. 5

4,

XIII
9,

10,
2,

13;

D
2,

8,

13,

IV

VII

VIII

toivw C Pro

4, 5;

D
10,

I 7, II I,

IV

II,

14

Attic forms SiaTtgaxxm, elXiiOf ^Xattco,
fixxd<x>j

le^ekzo),

ite^ixxog, zQcxxogj

i2^

=

/ike,

as

I

II 3,

m

4,

V

V7toraxx(0j <pqlxxo), qwkdxxa)
5,

(XXIV

VI IIP, VII iLC, VIII 4, IX 2 A, 6, X I, 8LP, XI iH, XV (P) I, 3, 5, XVI 2, XVIII I, 3, 18P, 19P. XX 17H,
XXII 3B,
I 2,

2H, XXVI 8H);

see Index III

Cases
JVom. pendens I
i

XXVI
16;
c.

I, 5 {Sis);

Tit C;

D

L, 2 L,

3W, 4B,

XII

4,

IV

C XI
iQ,

about C XI 5; 5, XIV 6, XXIV XXV 7B; D IV 13, VI 8; .. subj,
2,

inf.

=

8;

=

when ni

Del ind. fut,
c.

XVm
-=.
I

5, 6, 7, 8;

=
2

tVa

subj,
€,

XIII 14;

8ri
;

D IV
nom,

OiGil

gen.

Vn

HP,

X9

^.

XIV 4,

19H; C XI i; D IV 3 Gen. absolute I i, 2A, 4, II 3, 4L, 6, 7, IV I, 3, V 5, VI 3, VIII 8, IX 5, XX 3, XXII 13B; C Pro I {bis\ XI I, 3; D II II, III 8, IV 9, 13, VI 7 {bis\ n, VII 5; nounom. CPros, II7; D IV 5,
XVIII
I,

XX

XVtn iH, XXIII 3P, XXVI 6B &mBQ V 12, X 8H, XX 16, 17B; C Pro 2; DIV 16; 6. ind. CXIIS; DI 13; SigT (5fft£ c. inf. I iH, 2C iroaovtov), I 10,
rV
12,

VI3
Gen. of time, age,
rore),
etc. I

5B, VI
[errove),

5

i^^-

IX

3. 5*
5.

XVI 5P
XI
8

XXH

13H; C VII
Gen. with

adj. Ill 5,

V

13;

V 5,

8P,

XV

14,

XVIII

8H

with comparative XVIII 18 P;
II
I
;

D IV 2; D I 13
VI
8,

,

see preps.

naQa^ vniq
in

Gen.,

possessive,
4,

predicate

Anacoluthia
7,

ei pas,\ 6,

I

H n 4, 7, V 9, VII 3, VIII II 4, 7, V 9; LI i, 2, 3,
V9, VII
7,

4, 5,

9,10,

Vnii-3,
8,

etpas,\

P

I 4i
10,
3,

n 3.
etpas.\
I,

4> 6,

IV

V
II,

XXIII 4Hi; C X 12 Gen. with verbs I 2L, 4, 9C, II 6, IV i, V 10, VI 2, 8, VII 6, XVin 40, XX

XXII

13,

VI
5,

2, 6,

8,

VII

2, 3, 6,

Vm

2,

5,

7,

15,

XXn
i,

3,
2,

5,
5,

9,

(cf.

ace.

XI
i,

XXII

6);

C Pro
XII
2,

IX

8,

X

15
I

XIII
II 7.

Q

II 9;

C Pro
I,

—19,

38,

5,

XIII 10;
i, 3,

D IV
5

I 4,

IV
8,

1X9. XI

5. 6,

XII

6,

XIII

12;

see Cases-solecism

Dative, indirect object I

3C,

12

10,

14, II
3,

I,

2,

6,

9^111

I,

2, 5, 6, 7,
I,

Article
Demonstrative
8, 9, 10,

IV

2,


2,

V
53.

3, et pas,]

C Pro
4,

o

de,

^

tfe,

etc.

IV

4, 2,

9,

X 42,

XII

I, 5,
I,

XIII

II,

V 2, 3,

8, 10, etc.,

VIII

D
Dat.

I 4, II 7, 8, III

IX 8, 8—13; IV 16, VI 3,
2, 3,

XIV 5, XVIII

XX

10, etpas.\ d (xh,

4, 7.

VII

3

^ fzsv, VIII 12, XIV 4, XVIII 5P With infinitive, see Verbs inf.

of

advantage

and

disadvantage

I 9(?), 11 7,

VIII

4,

IX

2,

XV 8, XVIII
i,

Omitted In prepositional phrases I
4, II 5, 6, 7,

2,

3 C,

44P; C X53;
XI 3, XVI 4P, VII 2

D In,
XXVI

III

III 4,

IV

9, et fas.] witli

Dat., possessive in predicate I

IV
5;

5,

inflnitive
cf.

XI

6; with d-sdg

C XII

4;

4;

C XI
8,

D

IX

8 (cpiXog)

Dat., associative III 4,

VIII

Aayndeta

I 4, 12,
6,

n AQ,
i

III 6,

IV

5,

XXVI
10;

4;

D

V 4A, Vni

IX 2C, A,

3,

6;

CX

3,

D

I 13,

IV I 6. adj, VIII IV 3, VI 12
;

XXV 4, 8, XV

C

126*
Dat.
of
cause,
I 2 V,
3,

I.

Index of Grammar and Syntax
manner,

specification

,

XXII
4, 6,
6,

4,

means
II,

VI
6,
I,

IX
15,

X 6,

3L, 4C, 14, III 4P, V 3, VII 3, 7, VIII 2CP, II, 7, XI I, 4P, 7, XIII I H, 7,
6, 7,

2 {pas.\ IX
10;
i7>

XXIII 2, 8, XII

XXV

2:

C

Pro
I

i,

I, 4, 5,

Xm
I,

{bts\
2, 5,

D

I 9, II 4, III I,
I,

IV

13,

VI

7,

12,

VII
i

2, 3

XIV

XVI
2;

XVII
3,

2, 4,

43P> 44P,
I 3, II

XIX
2,

XX 4,
6,

XVIII 2, XXII 20,

Solecisms

XXIV

C Pro
I,

XIII

II, 13, 14;

Nom. Nom,

for Dat.
for

I4L, VI
I
i

Ace.

L
XIII 7 (aot)
I 5, III

VII 4 XXII 17; D VIII 2 Dat. with compound verbs I 3C, 4CL, 116, 7, 1117. IV 6, V4 VI II, 9, VII I, VIII 8, IX IPC, 6, X I, 3, 8, XI 2, 3, XIII I, XIV I, 2, 3, XV I, 4, 8, XVI 2, 5, 6, 7, XVII 2, 4, XVIII 15, 42, XX 4, XXII 20, XXIV 2; C Pro 2, X 31, 53, XI 5 (of. ace. infra),
2,

D

10, III 8,

Dat. for Gen.

C

I 5, II 6,

Dat. of time I

8,

Dat. for Ace.

XXVI sHf, C
6,

3W,

4,

VII

XIII 2;

Ace. for Gen.
Ace. for Dat.

I

SL,

D I7 IV 6H, X 6L
2Q

[pLtxb. roircovg),

XXII

IV 6A, VI iiH, XX 20H; Oil, 3V, 8W, III, 017, V3,X42, XI 3, XII 3, 4, xin 5,.
14;

D

VII 6

[bis)

7,

XIII

6, II, 13,

14;

D

II 4, 10, III 3
6,

Dat. for prepositional phrase I 14, II
9,
8,

IV 9PC, 9. XI7,

XX 10, XXIV I C IX 8; D VI .13, VII 3
3,'
;

Comparison
Comparative
I

of adjedtive sand adverbs
i

A, 3L, 4L, 6L, V4,

6,

VI

iP, 1X6, XVIII 18P;
I 13, II
I

C Xni2;
11,

Dat,, see

below under Ace.

D

Superlative I

i, 7,

H

5L, VIII

XI

6,

Accusative of extent of time or space
I 5,

XVIII 20P;

D

II2

IV
17;

12,

VII

5,

X
5

iS,

XVI
10

5,

XXII

15,

C XII

3,

Compound
IV
cLvaxaXv7iT(o
etc. I

-words

Ace. for time when
II

D

VI

3P

Ace. of specification, manner,

3 C,
I,

H,

III

4L, VI 9P, VIII
XIII
2,
I,

I

PL, IX
L,
3,

avaxvhvSsQ) XIV iP avanxvoao} XXII 6 P

X I, 9, XI 4H, XX i; C Pro
IV IV
10,

XIV
5,

I

XVI I,
4;

VII

XII

D
(?),

anaQaXaxtwq I 3C aTCSQivoJjTog C Pro 2
aQQBvo^axia VI 4P
poo7iQ6ao)7ioq XVIII

II
infinitive I
i

Ace. subj. of
6,

C, 4, 6, 7

iP

V
I,

13,

VI
5,

z, 6, 9,

X D

2,

XX 6,
IV
16

yvvacxoitd^g XIII

i

P

XXII 5B,

II,

XXIV

5,

XXVI 5H;
I 4,

6a(pv6^v?.Xovf XVEII 15P

C Pro

XI

XIII 2;

i^aTtoaxsXXm XXII 16 Q
irce^ovaid^Q) I s
htixaTtViC^o)

Ace. double with dQXiQo) XI 6

L
P
*
I i

Ace. or Dat. with TtQOOxvv^o) XXII 17, XXVI3; DI8, 1115, Villi (Dat.);XXII 20, XXVI 2; C XI S; D VI 8 (Ace);
a<pQayLt,o)

V

9

iQvd^Qodavoo)
7jfAi7t^6oQ)nov

XXI 3B
VII

VII

3,

VIII

12,

X
5,

6, 7,

pea&v7t6oxf>f^<xt,

C XII

XVI
I I

7,

XXVI
(Ace.)
I

9 (Dat.);

XII

XXH
III 5,

xataxXriQOVOfiioi IX 5 P

H,

B
VI

xaxavvaaofxai
4,

XX 3 P

Vocative

3C,
10,

7C,
3,

14,
2,

116,

xaxaTteQiTtoXevd)
xQTiiivopat^Q)
Xvxvocxpta

V

loP

V

9,

VII

IX

X
4

I, .2 [bis),

XI I, XII 4 [bis\ XIII 2, XVIII 3, 5, XX I {bis\

XV 12, XVI I,
2,
(bis),

XI 6 P IX 7 P

pas..

fj.aQfjLaQ03C07ieiv{^)

X

loP

I.

Index of

Grammar and Syntax

127*
11, 14, II 9,

p^Bldtvoxi^arog

IX 9 C
17

X
P

8 L;

C

I 3, 4, 6, 8, 9,

i^svQOX^^fxaig

XVni

1X8,

10,

X51, XII

5

a<pQayi6a^ -Sat Sig

C

^lOfOQ^O) XI 7 P
6vo%Q6C(onoq XVHI iP nhv&ovQyeo} XII 6 P %7toQfOQo6av6ti£voq XII 4P
nQ0B7tiGXQe(pa>

(pGLQayyei

C

III 5

Prepositions
"Aixa
c,

dat.

X 6,

XIII

i

;

D

VII 6

;

^r.

ace,

V 2L
2B

D
dvd
'dvBv

III 5,
t.

VII 4

TtQmtofiataxQ)Q I
[TtVTjvoTi^oawTtog
:

(^vgayyiofidg

XVIII I P XVIII 27 P

gen. C IX 10; c, ace. XXII iiB; C XIII 8 avxl C XI 8

D

VII 4

.vTtoyivataxo}

V

13L
I

civco^fv
ditb
c.

C

XII 6
i L,

vTCOTtQoxdaaoi

X 6L
4P

gen. I

(= vTtd\
5;
c.

C,

2P,

fopSQOXQOoq XII
XaXiv66sofj,a XIII

II I, III 4,
/tf

IV

8 et pas.\
dat. II

= contrary
5L;
c. ace.

4,

4B,

IV
c.
c.

5;

C XI

XVni2oL, XXII 2 Q
Craais xayibpas., xaxet VIII 5P; xdXBLVOq IX 7 P, -wq II 8 ; xoLlla XVII 5
;

aiQi Aid

gen.

XX

18B;

c.

ace.

D IV

8
7, 5,

gen. agent,

means,

etc., I 6,

xdXnUg C XII
Easion,

5?

ravra

D IV 3

IV
IX
15;

7,

V 3, 8,
XI
4,

1 1,

VI
IX

4; etpas.',

C IV
I,

8,

XHI
I 5,

13;

D
6,

I 7, II

place,

X

3,

IV XIV 4,
c.

cf.

dXld, dvxL, d%b,

M, xaxa,
1

XXIV 4; CXII6;
ace. cause, II 2,

time,
13,

D

II 4;
i, 2,

fiexdj Tta^d;

not observed VI 1
7 P {iTtl avxo)

{xavta

V 4,
;

VI

6, 9,

dxovaag);

IX

VII 6, etpas.\ C means C X 53
8lxr(v

I i, 3,
8.

XIH

2;

D 1 6,
5

Ttavxbg

XXII

B

Gender— solecisms
c IX
8,

I

iHI, 14CQ, II 2;

D VI
7

5

xn 2
iyivsxOj seal iyivsxo^
etc.

^'Eyyiaxa C,

ByyioxBV P,

iyyv9-8v

A
3,

in
Hebraismus
16,

elg I 1,^3 C, 4, ^, II 3, 5, 7, 8, 9,
5,

in
6,

XXII iP,

XXV
5
;

7B; C Pro

i;

D

etpas.\

C Pro
/f^

4,

IX

9,

X 2,
I
I,

18,

lii;slg xe^e^g I
I 13,
cf.

?# scvQwg d S'sSg
TtQd 7tQOGd)7tOV

20, 21, 24, 25,

/ffj.;

D

3, 4, 8,

V

12,

XXV

8B;

12, II II, etpas.\ 2, 3» 5' 6)

ivEQyeZv elg

CX

i,

TtQd under Prepositions

^2^

13'

14 (^^), 22,

23, 26,

29* 34» 35' 36, 37> 387 39» 52; e^?

to

Hiatus P VI u, IX
Indirect Discourse

7;

C xni

10, 12

ovofia

XXVI
5; elg
3(?);
4,

4, 5

C Pro

= iv XV
VI
5,
I

;

C IX

8

;

e^e

6,

oVo^a XXII 14;

— Questions IV
Ace.
;

i,

XXIV
ix I 2L,

D
3,

XXH

12; cf. Inf. -with subj.

4 L,

6L,

n
3,

8,

XIV
Latinisms xdaxQov CX 13, 24, 27 Abye6v XI 3, 5, 6, 7; XizQa XXI iQ; 8 iaxiv P XI 6, XV II TtQd rsaa.
; _

4,

XVI
II,
^;«

XXVI
XI
8,

VI 5, X 9, XXI 2, XXV
I,

iH; C IV

II,

XII
13,

XIII 12;

D
VI

I I,

8;

14 {^w), 15, ZQixov I 2L, XVIII 21
12(5),
t.

IV

f}fxeQ(3v

D IV

14

SfiTtQOoS-sv

gen.

IV

2 C,

VI

i,

XIII

7,

XX
Nouns
av^Qsg

19Q, XXII 10;
3 (/m), II I 10, et pas.;

D

III 3;

C IV

2,

— case

endings
I
i

XI2
ev I
i
I,

=

Ace.

L
5

(dts),

V in Ace.

Third Declension

HL,

{tris),

IV 4, 5, 8, 9 C IX 10, X 8, 14,

;

128*
38, 53 {dis\
et pas.\ et pas.;

I.

Index of Grammar and Syntax
I i, 13, II 7,

D

xavevatTtiov XXII 13

means,

manner,

V

9,

VII

6,

xdTQ)

c.

gen.

D IV
XX
VI
12,

14;

t*.

flcc.(?)

XV 7

7 {bis\
3,

14,
9,
1 1
;

XV
IV
7,

X 5, XI 6 {iris\ XII 2, 3, XV XX 13(4); CXIU S» 6, 12; XXV 9; C IX 10, Xtl i; D
r. infin, s=a

M« C
pLBxd

XII 3 pLkaov I iL,
c.

I4B
4,

gen. I 6L, II 5 L, III
13,
3,

V iP,

while, since, I 4, 61

3P,
5,

9,

VI

9,

XX 6,
D

D IV
2, 6.

16;

h = Etq

17,

XXII
I

II,

XXIV
5,

5;

6,

XV
I

5C,

X

XIII

XIX

P,

1X8, X6(<5w), XI 9, XVI I L, XVIII 4, 22 P, XX 9P, XXII II, 16, 18,

XVIII 28
I 5

(cf. 24, 27),

40;

C

I 5,

XIII 9;

XXIV I P, 2Q {bis)^ XXV I, XXVI 8H, 9HJ C IX 8, 9T, X 30 {bis\ XI 7 {his)

ivavTiov XXII 2 HP
ivwTttov

D
XIX
3,

I

8,

9,

10,

11

1,

6,

7 {tris\
I, 2,

12,
3,

V

9,

IX

7,

XX

I,

6;

III 3 {bis\ 4, 8 {bis\
5,

IV

7,

VI
c.

C Pro I %^ii} XVI 2 P
in&voi
I

13,
c.

VII

4;

TitC, Stib V,

Sig T,
ace.

C;

dat. I
4,

4H, XXVI iB;
6,
6,

2L,

9L,
5

II

5L,

XXIII 3B;

1

2L,

4L, XI

XV 8, XX 7,
C Pro
Tit C,
I,

10,

C XII 6T, XIII
inl
c.

II,

19,
8,

XXII
10,

9;
7
;

Xin2;

gen. I

2AB, 3P,

4I, 10 L, 11 8,

D IV
likxQi

VI

Sub
3
;

V
C X 4,

I P, IV 4, 5 CC°, V 9, etpas,] C II i, Vni 9, XI 3; €, ddt. I I, II 6 L, HI 3 W, xni 3, 6P, XVIII 44P, xxn 14, xxvi 5B, 8H; D VI 14, VII 4; c. ace. I i L,-

III

V

4,

XIU
bnla<i>

5,6,-

XV loP, XXIV D I 12, VI 14

"OitiaHv

D VIII 6 XXV 6B
gen.
I il,

C,

2A, loL,
5,

II,

14L,

II 2, 3, III

3V,
rd
2;
iq)'

Haqd

t.

2C, P,
I,

6,

9IC, Q,
21,

11,

V

et pas.;
;

D

II 2, 4, 7;

ktl TtoXv
;

V

II,

VI

6,

XVI

XX

12Q,

XXII
I

VII 2

inl TiXetatov VII 5
{diTtXovv)

ircl

diTiXdaiov I iC,
i(p'

D

II

sxaaxriq T^fiipag I 2Q, 3B,

I, XXV 7B, XXVI 6P, 8H; C 14, X 31, 34, XI I, XII 4, XIII 9; Sub V; D I 2, 3. 5t 13 (^^). II 3. 10. Ilf 7>

bxdoTrjV fjfiSQav I 2H, 3
k'oiq c.

A
XVI 4B, XXIV
13P,

rV

i6;

c.
;

dat.
c.

V

7P, VI
I

4, 6, 8,
1 1

P;

gen.

V 8,
ace.

VI
8;

IIP,

XV
i;

C
UtQi

XIII 9

ace. I

A, 3B,

H,

II 5,

2P,

XX4H,
5,

18B, XXII 2B,

XVIII 37P; C X6;
c.

D

II2

2Q,

XXV
t.

C XII

c

dat.

XX

gen. I

XXIV 5Q;

XXII 2H, XXIII 2Q, s^o) XVIII 15P; h'mg inl TCoXv VII 2; ^Kog knza (poQsq C IX 9T; Fwg ou D I 12
'i(oq

18 H;

17,
c.

XXV

4H, Vr 10, XV 5P, XXII iP; D IV 4; Tit H, I, SigT;

ace. I

2C;

D

Vil 3
14, XII

KaStbq I loL xaxd c. gen. I XI 6, xni 2,

c xin 12 %Qb I 14, IV 6; X2; C XI 5; D IV 9; TtQb nqoGmnov VII i, X i,
%}Jiv
I,

i,

2, 4, III 7,

XV

II,

5, IX 3 XVIII 20, XXII

V

xni
e.

I,

XV

I,

XVI

i;

n^b

rsaa.

^^leQwv
TtQog
c.

D IV
VI

I4

20B, XXVI 8H; C X 14: D II 10; Tit BI, Sub V; c. ace. I i, 2, 10, VII 3, VIII II, X2, XV 3, XVIII 21, XIX
3P, XX 2P, 12B, 19B. XXII 3B, 12, :^XVI7H,- CXSiT; D II 9, VI 6, VIII5; itad^" IVa XVIII 4P; siad-' hvbq hxaotov XVI 3 A; xad^ vrceQOX^v, vTtSQpoX'jv X 2, P; xard B, Tte^l
C,

gen. I 14H,

XXVI 8H; C X 4;
ace. I
14,
I

dat.

D

4,"

c.

A, 4H,

6,

8, 9,

II,

I2{bis\ 13,
3,

CII3, V5, Pro
II 5,

11% etpas.; X50; DI5, 8,
4B,

6, et pas.; for indirect obj. I

I2

13BW, VI 6P, XII 6L, XIII 2, 3P, XV 14P, XVI iP, xxru iQ, XXVI 2 [bis) C I 9, 13 D I 7 [bis\ 8, 9 [bis], II, II 3, 4, 6, IV 4-8, Vli I, 5
; ;

I.

Index of Grammar and Syntax

129'^

2h V 4P, XV
Dlly
'YTt^Q '.

iP,

XXIK
t.

2,

XXV 9H;
I

Future from Subjunctive (Aor.)

ayayw
^^».

116,

VI

5,

X

5

D

II 5;

ace, I

L,

3A;

s't7ta>ai

C XII6
i)7t6 c.

iveyxo)
I

XIV 5 P VI 5H; C XI 7Y; D VI

2

gen.

iH,

II,

VI 8

{bis\

6L, 9P, IX 6, 7P, XI
2,

II 4,
6,

IV
3,

s^Qtofiev
Mxo>fi£v

XII

V 5C V 5A

XIV 4, 5 {bis\ XV 5, 6, 9, 13, XIX I, XXI 3, XXII 3B, 20, XXIV 4, XXV 3, XXVI 7H, 9H; C Pro 2, IX 8; D III 3, 6; c dat, C XIII 6; XXVI 5H, c. ace, XI 3, 5, XXII 8Q, 7H moxazm XI 7, XIX i, XXIII 3H, XXV7 moxoxdi^Bv C XI 7
XIII 6 {bis\

%g D
fiad'eZg

IV9

XUI 2H naQsX&mai D tV 6
Periphrastic tenses
17,
I 1,
;£,

XVI 2P, XX

XXI 4, XXII 7B, XXV 9H, XXIV 4B, C Pro I, 2; D 1 12, VII 4, VTII I
Reduplication
aeOQ>fiat07t87COirjfZ6VOV

IV 4P

XG.QIV
;^w^/g

XX 2

Verbs
Gen.
I

— Syntax
with Art. in oblique cases
II

i3e

XXI 4 VII I C
VII
I

Infinitive

14,

5,

7C,

8,

V
XIII

6L,
13,

Vn4;
14;

ojfff/

ClXio, X
I

4

{dis),

9;

= Nom.
9,

43, 53,

XVI

Pronouns
ttvrog

Dat.

I 4, 7,

VI
5;

Third Person, passim\

=

17B,
idem

XXIV
1,

XX 17, D 16, IV

D D VII 2 XXn iP, n,
2;

16
2,

V3; XVIII35H, XXII 8; C IX 9T; D IV 3; ipse VII 6, IX 7P; C Pro

Ace.

I

2L,

4,

V

13,

VI

VII

2,
i,

=

XVIS, XX6P, XXVI5, 7H;CPro

I,

3,

X

15—20, XII
T

5

;

D

X

I,

2,

3, etpas.,

XIII 2;

D

I

12, II 1,

III 5(?),

III 2,
iy(t)

V

{his)

passim
as indef. pron. I
i A,

IV II As noun
Optative

vi^ithout Art.

XI 6

slq

3,

XX

i

;

C

CXIII

12 S-sl^aaiev;
i

D

IV 4

XU5
inavtovj kavTov
6,

anoxQLVoixo, VI
axoL
Participle

xalQOiq, 12 yLV(b'

7P, XI

5,

IV 6, VI 3 P, IX 2, 3P, XVI 2, 4, XVIU 4P; C
cf.

XII 5;
ifidq

D

VI

12,

VI 3
5,

V 4,

VI 4P, IX

X 3,
2,

XXIII 4P;

Unnecessary XI 3 oV, XIII 2 ovta Future of purpose D VII 3
Perfect for Abrist II
8, 9,

C Xni
^lihsQoq

12;

D

UI2, IV

9CL;

D

I 3, II 6,

9
10, II,

C Pro

II

ffvsUQ,
av passim
Ttg,

3 1115, X5,-

D IV

VI

Subjunctive
2

With
c/.

av, idv,

el, €(og, 'cva,

dTKog,

wg

supra Adverbs

xlq

passim

Hortatory

Verbs Inflexion Augment ^vsax^fijjv XIII
revas

In oath

D VI 7 P XXV 8

Prohibitions I 12, 13,
3

V

10, 11,

VI
5;

6,

P

;

7tQoe<pi^-

XV

4P, XVIII 18

{bis\

XXII

C

XV

8

XIII 3

UNT.

9:

McCown.

130^

II.

Index of Angelology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic

II.

Index of Angelology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic
"AQay\>

a xal p' XVIII 38
jipt^Ed-ipov XXV 2 HP, -e^t&ov Q "A^eXovd- XXV 2 Q, cf. 'Af^sXovS-

"A^gaaii XVIII 22

P
III

'A^lov[S) XIII 2 L ayyelog v. XVIII 15 and Index "AyXa C XIII 6
'Ayxovliov

XI 4, ^(ifl- P XVIII 40 H, dgSov P dqvlov XVIII 28 P, cf. deglov "AQTia^ XVIII 32 P, cf. k7t«| M^TOffaTjA XVIII 7 A {bis\ L,
dt^rftjjrf

apcoTo-

aajJA,

dgaxooaiiX P, a^aa?J^

L
13,
^Aa-

k(7i8A

C X 38

XVIII 37 P,

cf.

!A6wva-^l

P XVIII

14, 17,

AxoiVSwOcf. Udcovat

"Aa^ioSaioq
GfJLo6B(b

V
C

1,

7, 9,

11,

12,

"idaivatXVlll 14 H, ddwvdv 'L, XVIII 17 A, 'A6tt)va^X P, XVIII 36 H, ddova^d-

'Aatagd)d-

X 7UVW. dcfiodeoq T C X 21, 24T, cf. ^AoTSQwd"
PW,
daveQaid- Y,

'AazsQad)^ Ylll 10
cf.

P
V^

TcegacoS^

deviov Sig A, T,

k(TT£(>c&^

C X 24 V,

o szBQog ^AaxaQO)^

deQiov XVIII 28 H, dgvlov
'A'QaiiX

P

T, affzTJ/paJ^

W

VII

7

aiao) Sig A,

T

[lao)\

V^

AlywxE^ag XVIII
did Sig A,
did) Sig

3P

V^
IX
I,

A
X
8

kravtavov? C X 42 VW, cf. ^Avtivabg "AxQa^ XVIII 20P, cf. KazQd^ Av6a(XBQ)d- XVIII 26 H, avfiadecod- L Av&dSfjg XVIII 27 H, cf. Mav^wtfw Avro&id^ P, avrw^ H, XVIII 38
jicpaQQxp XIII
'Ax<ovs(aSctpftov
«ftja

^^cfV^^**? tfat'iMWV

6P

'^jcou^ra^a^A XVIII 13 L
\4xxovfiB
(Uev

XVIII 28H, xxovfis L,

XVIII 37 H, dtyxo*'^^'*' ^ Sig A, L (aa>«(y), T

P
XVIII 25 HP, <5A«^ L
I

LdAcJ^

pak XVIII 16P
5a?«?«5-

9C ^Afv^^^ XVIH35H, dXlBPOQl^ P
dXaxaQtavase

XIV

7

kUa^owA
jiXXepOQlSclfxa^a

XVIII 30P, XVIII 35 P,
cf.

cf.

KaXa^aiiX

BaX^iOvX VIH 9P BaQOVXt^X VIII 6C,

-xta'JA

H,

-;^io:-

cf. 'AXevQi^d'

V4
XXV 2, C X 16,
'A^eXoi^^
dfiacfxaiv

jifxeXovSjifie/J-cov

V

idjMTECfr^our

C X 20

BaQaa<paiiX XVIII 6 (iJw), -<ia^ai\X L BesXlepovX III 1, 3, 4, 5 C, 6, IV 2, VII I, 2, 4P, 9, 10, IX 8, XVI 3 A, 5P; C IX 9T, Xi; ^eXt^s^ov^Xn
III I, etc.,
saepe,

(JvacJO- XVIII 40 kvar^sS- XVIII 29

V

III 3;

^esX^e^oviX

L

*!4vfT

C X 45

III 3 peX^e^ovX ^F.LQaa^es IV 8V°, C XI 6,

W

cf.

^nQoa-

XVIII 33 P, aarjj^ H livztvadg C X 42T, cf. jizaviavovg 'A^TjO^v^XVUlsiH. <pf}^, d^i(j)<p^Ld-V ^And^ XVIII 32 H, agna^ P
"Avoof/jg
jindztj VIII 3, 5
i47roA;Jr

^ee, -pseX

BsX^iX XVIII 12 ^nQoa^ES C XI6,

-/?eeA

IV 8W°, CXI

6W,

^EiQaafiss V, ^jjgtppEE
cf.

T
(/9iO-

piavaxid- XVIII 40P,
pio)VLX Sig L(?),

MiavedV^*

C

X 23
II

A

{^iQ)Vid),

!4^a?JA

XVIII

dgagd dgagi^ XVIII 29 H, agaga xdQaQa P

^o9^A, BoO'od^i^X XVIII 17P,

cf.

*o-

4

A P C

II.

Index of Angelology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic

131'

^oX^ol d-aXdao'^g

VI 10
22P,
cf.

!^VTStav9Ji^;t

-^oi5;iCXi9,
BovXdovfii^X
:

VII6VW
XVni
Mode^^X

^VT^ttv^i^A

C XI 1, iXx^iav^TjiX V, W, x'^iav<pdX T

^^p^g VIII 3, 6, 8
^iQi.<pog

fovXtaXd VII 6
BQiad'dq
P,

X
ij

1 1

H, ^laO-aov^X L, pQisd>
cf. '0/?vgov^,. l4/9i;-

^Egfi-^v
*'fi'()a>$?

C IX 9 C IX9T

BQiaQioq

Bvlov^.

Bn Xni 3H,

XIV4
VI
7

"^EaneQla

A
XII
4,

'Etpmnag VI
I,

5,

XXII

18,
9,

XXIV
10,
ir,

XXV
13

7; "EipLmtag

D

VI

Va§QiiiX

XVni

6
cf. AapLSX^iiX,

12,

rXaiiexiiiX
fisi^X
.

VIII 5 H,

XXaZapaQ'Qng C XII 6
^a^ovrjj XVIII 21
ZcJA)?

yXdvog

V9

VIIIs,

8, II

J«Jv

XVIII 20 A

'QiC.apov

XVIII 21 XVIII

sd^vTj

xvm

ZvyoQ

XVni 3P
4P
cf. 'PiC^w-iiX

15
t,o)6Laxdg
cf. 6La<p.

SfKipvtbv

I3W,

dexavog XVIII

Sy'cJiOV II 2;
I, 2, etc.;

C

XH6

XVI 3P; CX Seajiozeia C IX 10
rfftTTitJ^w

DI

10

Z(OQ<i)iiX

XVIII 19P,

dtd^oXog III S^C,

XV

11,
2,

XXII 20B;

fifiixQixaXog VIII 6, 7

D

I 5,

U

7, 9, III I,

^^a> Sig A,

cf.

3

Iq6)

Sta<pva>v I 3 V, cf. rfa^v.

^//%o$ XVIII 3P dogbv XVIII 1 1 H,

^aXXdX VII 6
cf
.

I^<pavS(bQ

XVin2iP SovQov XVHI 23
Sovvri

ia^ XVIII
Icisib
"idr,

1

6 A,

cf.

ia8

SgaxovTOTtaig

V 4 LP
V4HIC
XII
I, 6,

XVIII 16P XVIII 18

d^axovtonovg

ca^ao) Sig

V^
cf. 'laoiQ^

SQdxwv VI
i;

10,

XIII 5P,

XIV

CX40
VIII
cf.

XVIII 27 P, 'laxd}^ XVIII 22F
'/a5-fti^

/IvvafiiQ

3, 10;

C IX 9U

'lafiiS'

XVI

6 LP, la^i

H
KaxQd^

^afiig

Index III

"la^

IX 8 P
cf.

7aT^fJ| XVIII 20 L,
lao)

iaeXVlUisH, has
'EX^ovqI<ov
IXsiiB'

L, las

F

XVIII 16 L, Sig T 'Icca)d- XVIII 13P, oa^awd^ H, XVIII
25 A, £«da»^
ISiovS- XIII

IX
17

7

P
"EXiot

P
cf.

VI

8 P,

cf.

3H,

k^?oii^
cf.

"EXx^v

C X

Zfa^ XVIII 15L, ^ae P,
i

iai

'EXriiavipri^X

C XI

V,

cf.

Evx'C,.

"EXwiYlSU iXmd- H,
L(?).

iXsi^d-

P;

Sig

XVIII 16P ^IsQond XVIII 21
IsiXip jiavJA
ls(b

L,

IsQondx H,

A, T,

Vr

^e(»o-

VI 8, XI 6, XV II %avd-d XVIII 30 H, ivevovd^ P
'Efi/iavov^X
'Ey^ipiyog
J(ig

P XVHI
T

15 LP,

^f(i H, 16H

IHd' XVIII 16P
Zov Sig

XV
41

2;P

CX

iovda XVIII 21 A, iov6a^it,7i

P

132*
'lovMX SdXov

II.

Index of Angelology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic
cf.

XVin 9P,
cf. iiQO)

KacQw^avov-

^^£;iCX34V, vBVsXW, dsX^ijXj
Aeovxo(p6QOv XI 4P,
Xeovx6<pqov

A

Iqo} Sig T,

laa&x XVIII 22 P ^x&Qoyav C X 12T, cf. N xaQO>yav "iX^vov XVIII 36 P, ix&vog H 'IxBvQ XVIII 3 P l<O€t08 Sig A, V^ i(as)ik XVIII 16P iwso) XVIII 15H, cf. led)

XI 4, 7, Xeovx6fiOQ<pog P ^fpw^;i 18, ^ox;i)}rf p ^ewv XVIII 3P, Sig A, T, V^

xvm

Xl^avog VI 10 Al^ TsxQa^ VII 4
AOVTIT^X

C

X 22
cf.

AvxovQyog XVIII 37 P,
Xvxvog VI 10
liayaxd
I 3

Aux.

C
26 TV, ^wayor

Kai^io^avovSdkov XVIII 9 H, xaiQi^evov6dX(i)V L, lovddX

Maymx C X
Xccxdx

W
fjta-

P
P

Maxaxdx C X

S2T, /laxxaxdx W,

Kaxlatrj

Vni

3, 1

V
av^arf^? H, vs-

KfxXat,a^X XVIII 30 H, dXXat,o6X
KavcovrjX VIII iiV, xavygy^X

W

^cJA^ XVin 36 H Mav^adco XVIII 27 L,
<pd-a6a

Kaga^X XVni ICapaTi C X 27

12

P
fiaSovcoQ H, ^ay-

KdQXivoq XVIII 3 P KaazisX C X 39 KaxavixoiariX XVIII 15HLP,

also ;?«-

MagSigo) XVIII 23 P, dga^ovQOvv L MaQfxaQaa)[^) XVIII MaQfiagdi^ VIII 7 V,
fiaQXVQOiO-

28,

33

fiagf^agoiodL,

W,

vixota^X L, r/;cora^A H Kazgd^ XVIII 20 H, taT(>cE| L, «T^a^ KXw&d> VIII 3, 7
pfOPf

H, ^BXVQOv

fzagfici-

P

gdd-

P

XVIII 32 KoQV<p^ dgaxovrmv XII 6 Kov/isXf^X Kovfievta-^X XVIII 19 P, cf. SovpeXtl KovQxa^X XVIII 1 3 HP, xo(pxaiiX'> H,
KqlvsX C X 29 Kgidq XVIII 3P, 4 XQOXoq VI 10

Maxaxdx cf. Maxaxdx Max^ov XVII I
Maxi^wvfx
Ma^'^'^i"^^

VniSC
CX
3
fzfjvyet

Jfcivyer
fieXno}

C X 40 W,

V, fxivyox

T

XVIII 40 H, (iriXxco P ;M£A;(c(A VII 6, /^fAxcJy W, t^sXx&yt IffAxov VIII 8H, fieXxoviiX L

V

MsxaHa^ XVUI
firiXxib
cf.

14

fi§Xn<s)

Kgovog
KxOVflSj
L,
1.

XV
cf.

5

l4.XTOVf/6

MtavsS' XVIII 40 H, ^lavaxld^ P Mitvyor cf, (Mffvy^

KwdTtr^yog

XVI 4

(-ov)

H, p^uvo^ttyo
Cr,

xvvdnaozov P, Kwdanaaxov
xwda^ccxov'?

Migayxovg C MiQaxlrieX C
iWf;ta3jA I 6, II

X 43 W, X 36W,
4A,
5I,

cf.

MvQayxovg
i»/v^«r?t^^

cf.

XVm 5;
//orffjJA

DH

6

Kv(t>v

X

I, 2,

8

III

2
L, ^ovA-

Mo6Ep^X XVIII 22 H,
Sovfx^X
Aafisxii^X VIII 5 C,
-^

Xa^^xaXaX

P,

cf.

MjtTjXsx

C X

8

MvgayxovQ' C

Aaaagdx C X g
Afyfwv XI 3 (<5/j), 5 (^if>), 6, 7 Asixovgyoq XVIII 37 H, Xvxovgyog

^i^.

W

X

43 V,

fivQaxhg T,

MtJ^«r?i^A

C X36V,

fxvgdxisX T, /^c

P

II,

Index of Angdology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic
/7a(>^A

isr
T
cf.

Na^iX C

X49VW, va^dX T
L,

C

X

6,

TtaQBXxoQlov

Na&d}&(o XVIII 24 H, vaS-aS'(b{'^)
va69-y va^dS-

na^d-evog
Tlaxixfl

II 2,

XVin 3P
TtatixeX L,
ytev-

P
vafinaXai-

VI

8 H,

NanaXaiscov

C X 51VW,

xov

T
CX4

UsXojv C
7Cf vTcA^a

X

13
tcsqemQ- L,

UfanovQ

vd^Soq VI 10
iVaj^TiifA

TleQawS-

B Vni loH,
Sig

cf.

karc-

NaxtisX
Ns^d-a6a

CIX9T CIX9T
cf.

7t£V(yrt;ca>

iVevfA cf. yleVfA

Iliaxtjipovfi I

yi8P, cf, Ilaxix^ 9W, TuaxtQovfA.
3,

V
T

MavS-arfw Hiixotd'^l XVIII 15H, cf. Kazavix. NTaQ(oydv C X 12, trapoyav T

nXdvT] VIII

9

noTt,ki£Q C

X44VW,
XIV
3

;toT5moe

JIx€Qod^nx<ov

'O^SovS- XIII 3P,

cf.

k/^^ov^, 5v?ov^

Paafxex C

X loUW,

Qasfih V, pat-

mx

C

X
cf.

33

ter

T

'OeXi^v^X cf.
'0;i(ifl-

^eveA

'P«i/9doe

X4
4P

U^rfd-

'Pa^ XI

OvoffpceAtg

IV 2, 4, 'OvoaxeXov IV 2 WC°,
15

"Pa^avaiiX
"PatovQ}d'

XV

6,

7

4WT°W° 'O^isvg C X
'0()w'ag I 2,

XVIII 26 H, ^ai^w^ L "PaQidBQtq XVIII 25 A, ^op^^ P

4H, 10, 14 H, II I, 9, III I, Dili 1,4, 3, 4PC, IX 3, XX 6, ii; IV 4, s, 6, 7, 12, 13, 18, Vll I, 2, 3,
XVIII 8P, o^OTtoXog L, a^o-

"Pa(panX

V9, Xni

6,

XVni
L,

8,

23P

"PlQw^X XVIII 19H,

(-a>e;i)

?tt>(io>?j;iP

'OpOTTeA

^EoAov

H

ov Sig A, T,

V

^Podnx C X 5 'Po^A^rf XVIII 18P, cf. ^f()G>)JA ^Pva^ XVIII 5 P [bis), cf. Oi)()o;};i Qv^ XVIII 24 40, sometimes qL^i or qt^^

(^v)

OvXeog

C X 28

ouvtou Sig A, T, V^^ {ovvTj)

Sa^a^X XVIII loP, oa^ai^X
Scc^ccttiS'

L,

<jyE-

OvQi^X II 4Q, 8, VIII 9P, XVIII 7, 9H, XVIII 27 id^i^X) L; ov^ov^X II 4C,

H

XVIII

13,

ciJlaSd', XVIII 15,

VIII 9 A,

XVing, XVin27P;
;

16,

28P, Sig A, T,

V^

ov-

QOveX

II 7 L,

Ov^ojjA XVIII

XVIII 7 L ovgiped VIII 9C 5L, ov ovQov H, cf.

Safia^X

D VII

2, 4, 5

SavacovisX C

X

37

6ip9-aXfi6q,

6 TioXvnad^g XVIII 39

^arcapar^^A C X 47 VW, aaQax^X Sa^axiiX C X 35

T

^aTc^A C
2ci<pai^X
cf,

X

50 VW, T«<Ja)JA

T

JJa^aj^X
&a<paS-0Qa7'jXP

TtaAmovA
JlaXitLBX

I

sC
cf.

Sa<p&0Qa^XXVlIli6A,
BaXtLsX
asQaq)ifj.

C XII iT,

XVIII 34

UaXxd<pwx£ C
ffa^rtU
tte

X 46 VW, 7iaXta(pdxe T TXa^idX C XII iVW, IZaAtTteA T?. T, XIII 12 TtaTif'A V, naX-

^exagdX C X31
SXOQTIIOQ XVIII 3 P

W
C

2ov}£Xxl XVIII 1 9 A, xovfzsXxi^X P aovyf a>« Sig A, aoviewd T, aovyf co V^
SovTii^X

C

X 14

//avwv

X

18

axaxxii

VI 10

1

134'"
avQ}>v

III.

Index of Greek words
<p(xd-txXd

XVin

23 P
(pav-

I

9C
1 1

S^pavSmQ XVIII iiP, doQdv H,
6<o^6v

L
aipBvSsvai'jl'H.;

Sg>epa^X cf. Sa^a^X Sq}6vdovai^XXVlll loP,
(pevdovai^X
a<p^v7iQ

X 32 4>avd(OQ6v XVTII 0aQdv C X 2
^axaveX C
^^d- XVIII 3 1 P,
^Tjaixi^id-

L,

cf.

S^avdio^
2<pevd.

^evdevarjX XVIII 10 L,

cf.

L XVin 23 P
Index
III

cf. ^A^ria^vQ'
cf.

XVIII 34P,

4>vaimQ^
.

afp^ayl^ct) cf.

rayid-a/xdv VII 6VW rdX Va 6H Ta^aevq C X48W, tagasq
Tatfa^JA

0^7]V86d- XVIII 39 H, tpd^vod- P g)vi]6iafi6q XVIII 32 ^vovvjy^fjJA XVIII 24 H, gyvowifpa^X
(pvovvo^orioX

L,

P
17

V

^o^oS^X XVni
4*6vog IX 2

A, |9o5^A
cf.

P

C
cf.

X

50T; cf..2:ara^A

TavQOQ

XVin 3 P
^/|
i,

^voixoQ^S^ XVIII 34 H,
XIII 12, 13,
cf.

4>?jatxLQsd-

ThQa^
T?a^cEA

C XII

77aA-

XCiXxoq XVIII 28
Ti^EQeTtoveg

C Xii,

-wvfg
^-^av.

UW
UW, XI
'

Xatfiirjv
i

C IX9T
cf,

TSiffv^f^
cf.

C

X

I

TV,

T,

XeQOV^l[i XVIII 34
XXafieiiX VIII 5 L,
til
XiW(y'

'EXzt,Lavq)idX

rXa(iB%iiiX

To^dxTiq XVIII

3P

XIII

6P

Tovy^X C

X 30

VI 8P, XI 6P,

XV

IIP

'r(fpo;c6og II 2 (^^),

viol Sa^adfd-

XVIII 3P XVIII 15T, 16 A

a>^fV« XVIII 38 P,

cf.

a'

III.

Index of Greek words
dyxa)v

"Afiareg

XVII
II 8

2

IV 5 P
5

a^vaaoq
aya^^o?

~ scQELxxoiv
XIX
i

BC

ayvl^w C XII

D

II

i

aypioq

C

X
5,

3

tt/aAAiattj

P
3L,

dyQLOQ) XIII 5

ayav 1 1 dyandQ)li,
^yttTtJy

dy^oq VII
2, 3,

XX

17

XXVI

i,2,5H,

7H

dygvTCvla XVIII 32
dyxdvi]

C

dyanrixdq
i^yyf tov

X 36 D I2 XV 9 P, XVI

IV5PCC°; C XI
12BC,
13C,

4

aym
7,

I

II 5B, 9, III 7;

C

XXV 7 B
VI
2,

XI

8;

D

II 7, etpas.

ayyeXoq TV 10, XII 4, XIII 5;
B,
I,

V

3, 5, 9,

8;

C
Tit

dyoivtCfOfiat II
^ASdfi

iL;
13

D

IV

15

DI4,

7, 8,

118;

D

II 2,

Sig C,
I

ei pas.

ddandvTixoq
"AddQscng
ddeXtp-fi

C

X

53
-Qfig

dyswTjzog
ayioq

3C; C IX 9

XXII iHQ,
8,

P

VI 4, 8, XX 14B, XXVI 8H, 9H, loH; C X 53; D n 8,
12,

IV

V 9L,

VIII 8 C
9
14

d6eX(p6q VIII
qdriq

III 6

D IV

P

P

H

III.

Index of Greek words

I3S'

i>6iaXsi7tro>g III 7

kxaiQog IV 8

&dLX6(o
Sidixia

xviiis,
XIII4,
VIII 2

7;

Dins
Index
II

dxaXXwTtiotog
otxatdQyTjzoq

XVIIIisP
10, cf.

D II 2 XV 5
;

SSq)

D

krftt>Vffi'

C XIII

^CiXXIIsQ
XXII 5 H MQiog XVI 3i XVIII
hiSLO<;
3,

CLxi<paXoq IX i C dxoXovMo) III 4 dLxoXovQ-og I 14L

X

3

dxovzi^o) VII 8

XXII

i,

XXIII

2,

dxovaroq XXII iB
ttpfouw I 2,

XXIV iH; TitB
degiazoq* XXIII 2

3C,

4,

5,

9, 12, II 5,
5,

VI
;

10,
I,

IX

5,

XV 4,

XVIII

XXII

I,
i

D II 2, 4 afjSwg D II 3 XX 15B, XXIV iQ, 2Q, ^^p VII 4; C Pro 3, X 2, 41, 44; D VI 13, a^tZTjtoq XV 5 &Hvaxoq D VI 17 mfJLLXoq X2P, XX 4
arjd^Q
I,
'

XXVI 6Q; C X
14, ei paA,
3,

II, 22,

XIII

XXV D IV

fXxQa XXIII 3

14

axQaxog XVIII 31
axQi^^q
axQig

D IV
4.

I,

-tt>?

XXVI

5H,
8

X 6, XXIV Vin iiP D
VI

2

dxQOaZTJqi^)

IV

Unoq VI
(id-eafioq

3
7

^^BQanevTOq IX

X2; D I4, 6 a^ed)QTjxoq C X 31, 53 'd^Xioq XX 7, XXVI 6Q; D IV
a^gdoq

dxQOymviaXog XXII 7, 17; axQOv VII 6; D I 12, II 4 &xztGzoq C Pro 2
c(;fG);ioet

10

XII
6

2P

6

'dxojv

C XII
3,

D

II 10

aXaAtt^w I2L,
aXyB(o II
JxXyriaiq

VI9
5

aBvfila I 3

L
5

XVIII

P, 27, 28

alyiaXoq II

XIII 4
5

Aiyvnxtoq

^lywrro^

XXV 6, 7 XXV 3, 4
5;

aW
aivio)

XXVI

C IX

10

(iA^^gm XIV «A7?^g V II, XII 5
dXri&(bg

XVI4P, XX8P,
8

2j;

C

alfioQaaiai'?)

aifio^goog

XVIII 31 XVIII 31 H

dXn&tv&g C XIII

XX 8 H,

XXIII 4

XII

5 5

aXlaxofiai
aXxi/xoq I

a?(>f«^te

VI 4P, VIII
5
5,

Vin 7H. lA
I,

aiQio)

C XII
10

«AAa
XII
4,

cf.

Index

Adverbs and Con-

atQO) II

X 9,

XXIII

3;

D I 5,

junctions

VI
aizsa)
aJJtla

dXXdaao) VIII 4
«U^;ia>v
^AAoiOo)

IX i XI 2

CX3: D IVi

V

7,
I,

XVIII 30
8,

XX 18Q alxfiaXwala C X 36 at/(W«Aa>ros C X 14
al<pvi6iQ)q

ttUog

Vni

XV

5,

XVIII 40; C

X

28, 45)

XI

5,

XIII 4;

D

I

13

dXXoZQioq
dXX6g>vXoQ

atW

I

I,

XVIII

XXV 8B, D VI 14
aldtvwq

XXIV 2 Q, XXyiSB, 9H; C Pro 4;
2,

31 P(?),

XXVI 3 VI 4P

aXoyoq C X 8 aXg XVin 34
ciXvatdioxoq

diedd-aQToq II 5L,
II 4,

XXVI 8H; C Pro i HI 7, XXVI 8H; D
I,

XXI
7

3

aAvatg

XV

HI

IV

12,

13

ccAv(j(;oe(?) II 6

L

H

I

136*
akvToq V II, XV 15 iiL; cf. Index
afjiaQxrifia

III.

Index of Greek words
dva.xoXi.x6q

C

X
12

15

a/jta I

I,

Prepositions

dvaxQipo)
dvatpalvco

V

kfiaQxla

a^eXso)
dfivdq

D I 6, 11 V 8, VT 4P I 9H
XXVI 9H; C
I

CX

3

dva<pi^(t} (?) dva<p6Qsatv

X 9L

ttva^o^eue

X 9P
XXI 2B
XVIII
5ff.

CLfxiiV I 1,

Pro 4

ttvcyo^ov

D

10
i
i,

dv<xX(OQB<o XIII 3P,

[pas\

afJiOQ<poq

XVIII

XX
XXV SB

10

afi<p6x8Qoq

XXIV

dvax(OQlq{'>)

XVIII 37

av cf. Index I avd cf. Index I
dva^alva)
avdfiaaiq

dvay)vx<o
dveyeiQo)

D
D

dv6QayaB-ia
dviXTtiGxoq
otvf^o?
8,

XVI 3, XX 14 XX 16 H avafiipdiw XXV 7 C X 2 dvayyekko) C X i, XII i, DI
;

IV ii C X9
II
i,

m

3,

vi
18,

i

XX 20
2, 3;

XXII

C X
7

37;

D

VI

II 8

dvevSoxoq XI 2
dveQfii^vevxoq

avaytvotaxd)
6 dvayivcbasewv
12, VI 10 dvayvovq XXII

D
I

VIII

L
6;

I 2,

II 5, 6,

V 9,
3B,

dvsQXOfxai XI

L,

XVI 4, XX 11, XXUIs,

XXV
^

I, 6,

7;

C

X 44; D IV

14,

VI

D VI

7

3

aveaig VI toP

dvayscd^Q) VII

8,

XXIII 3P,