MODUL JUSS‘A’ PMR ( Jawab Untuk Semua Subjek ‘A’

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ANJURAN KERAJAAN NEGERI PERLIS DENGAN KERJASAMA JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI PERLIS DAN MAJLIS GURU CEMERLANG NEGERI PERLIS

2012

BAHASA INGGERIS
“ MELANGKAH SEDERAP SENADA SEIRAMA MENUJU SATU DESTINASI ”

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Panel Penggubal:
1. Pn. Yang Hameza Meor Abdul Rashid 2. Pn. Siti Jawahir Skh. Abu Bakar 3. Pn. Rahimah Ibrahim 4. Pn. Sharida Shafie 5. Cik Farhani Suhimi

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Text Completion / Rational Cloze Examination tips
Before the examination 1. Master the rules of grammar, particularly on items commonly tested in this section: - verbs - pronouns (he, she, it, they, etc) - subject-verb agreements - relative pronouns (who, whose, which, etc) - prepositions (beneath, on, at, through, etc) - articles (a, an, the) - conjunctions (and, but, because, etc) - adjectives (pretty, good, enormous, etc) - tenses (present, past, future) - modals (can, will, shall, etc) - sentence connectors / linkers (thus, moreover, however, etc) - adverbs (quickly, immediately, gracefully, etc) 2. Do a lot of practices for this section. 3. Read widely. You need to have a good command of vocabulary to do well in this section. Use a dictionary to help you find the meanings of difficult words or phrases. During examination 1. Read through the whole passage to get an idea of what it is all about. If you do not understand, read it again slowly and carefully. 2. While reading, look out for clues that may help you in identifying the best answer. (Check for the tenses used and the grammatical keywords.) 3. Next, study the words or the sentences that come before and after the blanks. These words may provide you with important clues to get the best answer. 4. Try fitting each option into the numbered blank. Be extra careful. The correct phrase should be grammatically and logically acceptable. 5. Sometimes, the answers are very close. Choose the best answer for each blank. Cross out the options that are clearly incorrect. 6. Finally, when you have finished, read through the passage again to make sure your answers are grammatically correct and the passage itself makes sense.

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Grammar : Parts of speech Parts of speech Definition A word that names a person, place, thing, animal, concept or activity or idea. Uncountable nouns (nU) : Nouns that cannot be counted Countable nouns (nC) : Nouns that can be counted A word that describes an action or state Examples

Noun (kata nama)

tree, apple, orange, kitten, hospital, frog e.g.: The cat jumps over the fence.

Verb (kata kerja) Pronoun (ganti nama) Adjective (sifat nama) Adverb (sifat kata)

A word that takes the place of a noun

A word that describes a noun or pronoun

talk, eat, run, shout, jump, is , was, am. e.g. : the cat climbs. I, he, she, it, they, we, our, itself e.g.: Ali likes durian. He is eating it now beautiful, tall, clever, blue, red, kind e.g.: A beautiful clever girl quickly, fast, slowly, very, carefully e.g.: The cat walks slowly and quietly. on, at, about, towards, near, along, under, below, onto, inside, around, between

A word that gives more information about a verb, an adjective or an adverb A word that shows relationship between a noun or pronoun with another word in a sentence A word that is used before nouns. Indefinite articles („a‟ and „an‟) are used with singular uncountable nouns only. The definite article (the) is used for both countable and uncountable nouns. A word that joins two or more words, phrases or clauses. A word used to show strong feeling.

Preposition (Kata Sendi)

Article

a, an , the

Conjunction (Kata Hubung) Interjection (kata seruan)

and, or, but, however, therefore, moreover, so, although Ouch! Wow! Ah! Ops! Hey!

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Grammar rules : Tenses The Simple Present Tense The Simple Present Tense is used: a) To show a habitual action ( done regularly) e.g.: Mother goes to market twice a week. e.g.: Aina always sleeps early. b) To express a fact or truth e.g.: The owl hunts at night. c) To declare something or make observations e.g.: That book belongs to Ali. e.g.: He always comes to school early. d) To show future action that is part of a schedule / timetable e.g.: The train leaves in five minutes. Singular (verb) eat catch lie - ------------eats catches lies Plural (verb)

I You ---------------He She It

We You They

eat catch lie

The Present Continuous Tense The Present Continuous Tense is used: a) To show a habitual negative action ( done regularly) e.g.: The two brothers are always quarrelling. e.g.: She is always singing the same song. b) To show an action that is happening. e.g.: The teacher is teaching now. e.g.: The boys are playing in the field. c) To show a future action that is a part of a plan. e.g.: They are going camping next week. e.g.: I am visiting my grandmother this weekend. d) To show a progress e.g.: The water is boiling.

e.g.: Ali is improving.

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Singular I ------You ------He She It am ------are ------is

( verb + ing )

Plural

( verb + ing )

eating catching lying

We You They

are

eating catching lying

The Present Perfect Tense Present Perfect Tense is formed by using ‘has’ or ‘have’ with the past participle. Uses of the Present Perfect Tense include: a) To describe an action or situation that ended a short time ago. (usually with the word „just‟) e.g.: Mr. Tan has just arrived home from work. b) To describe an action which started in the past and continues up to the present (usually with the expressions „since‟ and „for‟) e.g.: I have known Siti for ten years. e.g.: He has lived here since 2009. c) To connect the result of a past action to the present. e.g.: Someone has stolen her purse. (She does not have the purse with her now.) d) To describe an action or situation that has happened but the time reference is not given. e.g.: Ali has taken his lunch. e.g.: They have decorated the hall.

Singular I You --------He She It have ------has

(verb past participle)

Plural

(verb past participle) have

eaten caught lied

We You They

eaten caught lied

The Simple Past Tense Simple Past Tense is formed by the past tense form of the verb. Uses of the Simple Past Tense include: a) To describe an action or situation that has completed in the past. e.g.: Ali was a teacher. b) To describe an action which happened in the past with a time reference. e.g.: I went to Johor last year. e.g.: Ali spoke to the teacher yesterday.
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c) To show habitual past action. e.g.: We swam in the river when we were young. e.g.: They always stayed at our place when they visited us.

Singular I You He She It

(verb)

Plural

(verb)

ate caught lied

We You They

ate caught lied

The Past Continuous Tense The Past Continuous Tense is used: a) To show a habitual negative action in the past. e.g.: The two brothers were always quarrelling. e.g.: She was always singing the same song. b) To show an action that was happening at a time in the past. e.g.: The teacher was teaching. e.g.: The boys were playing in the field. c) To show an action that was happening at a specific moment in the past. e.g.: Ali was reading when I visited him. e.g.: The girls were discussing their project when they heard a scream. d) To show two actions taking place at the same time in the past. e.g.: While Ali was singing, his brother was playing the guitar. e.g.: While the boys were playing football, the girls were playing netball.

Singular I He She It ------You

( verb + ing )

Plural

( verb + ing )

was ------were

eating catching lying

We You They

were

eating catching lying

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The Past Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense is formed by using ‘had’ with the past participle. Uses of the Past Perfect Tense include: a) When two events happened in the past, the event that happened first is in the past perfect tense while the second event is in the simple past tense. e.g.: I had cooked dinner before my parents came home. b) with the conditional „if only‟. e.g.: If only I had listened to your advice to leave early, I would not have missed the bus. e.g.: If only I had not scolded my brother, he would not be crying.

Singular I You He She It

(verb past participle) had

Plural

(verb past participle) had

eaten caught lied

We You They

eaten caught lied

Future Tense The Future Tense is used: a) To show a planned action for the future. e.g.: I will buy the book tomorrow. e.g.: Ali will talk to the teacher later. Singular I You He She It will (base form verb) eat catch lie Plural We You They will (base form verb) eat catch lie

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Practice 1 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.

Dear Margaret, I was very happy to receive your letter ___(1)___ me to join you and your family for a holiday in Port Dickson. Thank you very much. I wish I could accept your ____(2)_____ but I have to help my mother in her cake shop. One of the workers has ___(3)___ and my mother __(4)__ not been able to get a new worker. I don’t mind ___(5)___ my mother in the shop. I have ___(6)___ how to make many kinds of cakes. My mother __(7)__ also promised to give me more money to spend. I’ll be rich! But I’m going to ___(8)____ everything. I think I’ll save half of what my mother ___(9)___ me. I know I shall miss all the fun in Port Dickson. You will invite me again, ___(10)___ you? Do take good care of yourself and happy holidays! Bye. Your friend, Shirley

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A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

invite invites inviting invited invitation invites inviting invite leave leaving left leaves has have having had help helps helped helping

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A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

learn learns learnt learning has is have was spend spends spending spent give gives gave given will can won‟t can‟t

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Practice 2 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.

20 February 2012 This evening I attended Siew Cheng’s birthday party. It was wonderful to (1) her again after more than ten months. She has (2) much taller and slimmer. But she is (3) the same friendly and understanding person I used to (4) . I also made some new friends tonight. John Selvam and his brother, Richard, made me (5) almost the whole evening. They were very good at telling jokes. I was also (6) to Sabrina Yusof. I like her very much. She is very (7) . I’d like to get to know her (8) . We share many hobbies. I think I’ve been very greedy this evening. I have (9) too much. My stomach is starting to feel terrible. I think I’ll go to bed now and try to (10) . I hope I’ll feel better tomorrow.

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A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

sees see seen saw grown grew grow grows never sometimes still maybe know knew knows known laugh laughed laughing laughs

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A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

introduce introduced introducing introduction proud dishonest lazy friendly good better best always eat ate eats eaten sleep sleeping slept asleep

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Practice 3 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.

Nasri lives in Kuala Lumpur. His family members (1) back in Cha’ah, which is a small town in Johor. He (2) four sisters and a young brother. They are all still studying in primary school. Nasri was born in Cha’ah and he (3) there until Year 6. Then he moved to a boarding school in Kuala Lumpur in Form One. He misses his family and (4) forward to going back during the school holidays. Nasri (5) like being in Kuala Lumpur. There are so many things to do. He has gone to the cinemas with his friends and they have visited the public libraries. They (6) around by bus which is cheap and convenient. Although they (7) have to walk a lot, they do not mind. When Nasir goes back to Cha’ah, he (8) the peace and quiet there. However, after a few days, he gets bored because there (9) nothing to do except sleep and eat. There are no big shopping malls to visit. He normally cycles around and visits his old friends and relatives. He enjoys living in a big town and (10) to study there until he gets into university.

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A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

is are was were having have had has studied study studies studying looking look looks looked do does did doing
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A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

travels travel travelled travelling have has had having liked liking like likes were was are is hoping hoped hope hopes

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Practice 4 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.

Books are getting really expensive these days. For example, the latest Harry Potter book (1) at RM89.90. How many people can (2) that? Where else can children who are interested in reading get (3) reading materials? Well, there are now many rent-and-buy bookstores (4) cater to bookworms. Such stores stock a huge (5) of English, Malay and Chinese books, which are all in good condition. They cater to all children, teenagers and adults who are hooked (6) reading. There (7) Enid Blyton adventure stories, Sweet Valley High novels and Archie comics for children, and even books that range (8) medical thrillers to espionage, for adults. Rental rates (9) as low as RM3 to RM12 for a rare title. Each book is rented out for 90 days. Books returned (10) the due date are charged for a second rental period.

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A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

is was sells costs affect effect effort afford his they their theirs to can will for chose choice choices choose

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A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

in on at for is are has have beyond beside across from start starts started starting by from after before

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Practice 5 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.

Good evening. Tonight the main news is all about the weather. Storms are (1) in all parts of the country. In Kota Bharu, many roads are (2) because of flood waters. The Kelantan river to higher grounds or out up at relief

has (3) its banks again. Residents have been (4) centres. Efforts are now being made to relief centres. The people are (6) (5)

more residents in low-laying areas to these

to keep tuned to the radio for news on the weather. (7) of the sea.

The sea is expected to be rough with strong winds blowing from the Small fishing boats are advised to stay (8) Elsewhere, heavy rain has also been up-rooted and roof tops blown away.

from the sea during the storm. (9) . In Kampung Pencala, trees have been

(10) , no one was hurt. The affected families are

now staying with their relatives, friends or at relief centres set up in community halls and schools.

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A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

seen reported expected forecast jammed diverted closed destroyed broken poured destroyed overflowed evacuated helped rescued taken carry take direct move

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A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D

told required asked advised angle middle point direction put away in back seen expected reported falling Expectedly Hopefully Incidentally Fortunately

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Practice 6 Read the dialogue below and answer the questions that follow.

Arina Miss Lim Arina Miss Lim Arina

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Miss Lim Arina Miss Lim Arina Miss Lim Arina Miss Lim Arina Miss Lim
1 2 3 4 5 A this B that

Hello, may I please speak to Miss Lim? Speaking. Miss Lim, __________ (1) is Arina. Hello, Arina. Are you coming to class on Tuesday? Miss Lim, I’m sorry but I _______ (2) make it for class next Tuesday. I need to be _______ (3) netball practice from 4.00 to 6.00 p.m. So, I need to change the time of ________ (4) music class. : On Tuesdays, my first class is at 3.30 p.m. Can you come at 2.15 p.m. ________ (5) your class? : I think 2.15 p.m. is a bit too _______ (6) for me. I only get home at 1.40 p.m. : Oh! I see. : Can I have my class on Saturday evening _______ (7)? : Sorry, ________ (8) that is not possible. I am fully booked by other students on Saturdays. : In that case, can I have my class slightly _________ (9), at 2.30 p.m. on Tuesday? : Yes, that ________ (10) be possible. So, I’ll change it to 2.30 p.m. : Thank you, Miss Lim. : No problem. See you tomorrow then, Arina.
C these D those C don‟t D doesn‟t C with D during C mine D your C after D before C rushed D faster C instead D however C but D and C slower D quicker C will D won‟t
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A can B can‟t A at B on A her B our A at B for A rush B fast A only B when A so B or A later B earlier A could B couldn‟t

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Answers Practice 1

10. C

Practice 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 C A C A D C A A B C 1. B 2. C 3. D 4. A 5. D 6. D 7. D 8. B 9. C 10. D

Practice 2 Practice 6 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. A 6. B 7. D 8. B 9. D 10. A 1. A 2. B 3. A 4. B 5. B 6. A 7. C 8. C 9. A 10. C

Practice 3 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. C 5. B 6. B 7. A 8. D 9. D 10. D

Practice 4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. C D C A B B B D A
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READING COMPREHENSION Notes for teachers: 17

PMR WATCH 1. Reading comprehension is tested in Paper 1 (Questions 27 – 40) of the 2012 PMR English paper. 2. There are 14 questions, each carrying 1 mark. 3. Six questions (Questions 27 – 32) are based on a non-linear text and eight questions (Questions 33 – 40) on a linear text.

GUIDELINES 1. Read the questions first then the passage. Normally, some questions will be set to test at the „knowledge‟ level (not necessarily in the first paragraph). Students can get the answers directly from the passage. The rest of the questions are asked in sequence. 2. Identify the keywords from the questions: a. Why, what - reasons b. Where - place c. Who - people d. When - time 3. Vocabulary – identify words/phrases used within the context.

TIPS AND TECHNIQUES Types of questions:  Direct questions ~ Locate specific information and supporting details  Vocabulary questions ~ Understanding words and phrases ~ Contextual clues  Inferential questions ~ Contextual clues  Analytical questions ~ Theme ~ Main idea

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Practice 1 Read the following poster carefully. Then answer the questions that follow.

DENGUE FEVER What is Dengue?  It is a disease caused by the Aedes mosquito.  It is found in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world. How is Dengue transmitted?  The Dengue virus is transmitted to humans through bites of female Aedes mosquitoes.  These mosquitoes acquire/get the virus while feeding on the blood of an infected person.  After 8-10 days of incubation, an infected mosquito can transmit the virus to humans.  The lifespan of a mosquito is between 15 to 65 days and it will infect as many people as it possibly can while it is still alive. What are the signs?  Dengue fever is a flu-like illness with high fever, headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pains and rashes. It seldom causes death.  Dengue haemorrhagic fever may cause death. What can you do to prevent or control Dengue? Make sure your house is free from Aedes mosquitoes by:  getting rid of containers, both man-made and natural, that can breed mosquitoes (man-made containers include flower pot base plants, metal drums, plastic food containers, tyres while natural containers include leaves and fruit shells);  spraying insecticides in the house to kill the hidden mosquitoes;  using insecticide such as ABATE when storing water. Remember: Prevention is better than cure!

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Dengue fever can be found in A B C D tropical countries only sub-tropical countries both tropical and sub-tropical countries all countries around the world

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Dengue fever is transmitted through A B C D bites of mosquitoes bites of Aedes mosquitoes bites of female mosquitoes bites of female Aedes mosquitoes 19

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How long can Aedes mosquitoes live? A B C D 8-10 days 8-15 days 15-20 days 15-65 days

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All of the following are signs of dengue fever EXCEPT A B C D high fever headaches nausea rashes

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ABATE is A B C D a man-made container a type of mosquito a spray an insecticide

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The best explanation for Prevention is better than cure is A B C D prevent the Aedes mosquitoes from spreading you cannot cure dengue fever from infecting humans it is easier to prevent a cure using insecticide it is better to be careful first than to try to solve a problem after it has happened

Read the following letter and answer the following questions. 128, Taman Sepakat, 51000 Kuala Lumpur. 16 June 2012. Dear John, Thank you for your letter which I received two days ago. I must really commend you on your ability to write. Congratulations on winning the second prize in the national-level Petronas Art Competition. Your parents must be proud of you. Keep on practising and participate in more competitions to hone your skills. Exposure to higher level competition will spur you to achieve greater heights, so look out for opportunities. I‟ll keep my eyes peeled for advertisement and will let you know if I come across any worthwhile competitions. Meantime, continue to brush up on your skills. Observe techniques used by great artists, study them and develop your own style and individuality. With determination and hard work, you will succeed. John, along your way to success, there may be times of hardship. There may be times when things do not work out. Do not be discouraged, but persevere, for success comes to those who do not quit. Talking about persevering, I‟m sorry to hear that your brother James did poorly in his recent exam. Tell him not to be sad but to take his ‘failure’ as a challenge to strive for better results the next time. Remind him about the story of the runner who didn‟t give up, which Aunty Molly told both of you, and tell him to be that runner. As his elder brother, advise him to study hard, and help him with his studies. Make sure that he understands his lessons and encourage him to seek help from teachers or friends. I‟ll be going to Johor Bahru on a business trip next weekend, and I shall drop by to speak to him. In the meantime, help him overcome the difficulties he faces in his studies. Well, John, I think you‟ve heard enough from me for the time being. After all, I‟ll be meeting you in person in less than ten days‟ time and we‟ll have the opportunity to talk. Continue to develop your talents and help James discover his. Your uncle, Francis 20

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John is Francis‟s A niece B uncle C cousin D nephew John can improve his art by doing the following except A painting constantly B joining more national-level competitions C visiting art galleries to study paintings done by other artists D look through the newspapers for announcements on art competitions Molly and Francis maybe related in the following ways except A B C D brother and sister husband and wife uncle and niece cousins

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The following are reasons why Francis wrote the letter except A to condemn B to encourage C to congratulate D to express concern The word persevere refers to A study B tolerate C carry on D be polite The phrase to take his ‘failure’ as a challenge can best be described by the saying A Look before you leap B A stitch in time saves nine C Failure is the mother a success D Don‟t count your chicken before they are hatched John helps his younger brother by A going on a business trip B meeting Uncle Francis to talk to him C observing the techniques used by great artists D advising him to study hard and get help from teachers and friends Select the correct statement. A Francis is a businessman B John‟s future in the field of art is bleak C James performed superbly in the recent exam D Aunt Molly is encouraging Francis to persevere in whatever he does

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Practice 2 Read the dialogue below and study the map given carefully, then answer the questions that follow.

Mr. Grahame : Excuse me. I need to go to Seaview Hotel. Can you tell me the direction? Iskandar : Yes, of course. Seaview Hotel is along Jalan Mawar. It’s not far from here. You have to walk down this road and then turn left at the roundabout. Now you will be in Jalan Melati. You will see some shops on your right and left. You will soon come to a T-junction. Turn right here and walk straight down until you come to a crossroad. Then turn left. You will see some shops and a clinic on your right. There is a road beside the clinic. Turn into this road. This is Jalan Mawar. Seaview Hotel is here, on your left. Mr. Grahame : Oh dear! I’m confused. Could you repeat the directions while I write everything down? Iskandar : I’ve a better idea. I’ll draw a map for you. Do you have a piece of paper? Mr. Grahame : Yes, here it is. Thank you. That’s very kind of you. Iskandar : You’re welcome.

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Mr. Grahame wanted to go to A B C D the post office Seaview Hotel Iskandar‟s house Jalan Mawar

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A crossroad is a junction where A B C D two roads meet four roads meet all roads end in a cross it is dangerous to cross

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Iskandar asked for a piece of paper because he wanted to A B C D draw a map write the directions down write his address draw a picture of Seaview Hotel

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What is opposite Seaview Hotel in the map? A B C D Supermarket An office building A shopping complex A medical centre

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The dialogue is mainly about A B C D Seaview Hotel how far Seaview Hotel is directions to Seaview Hotel the buildings near Seaview Hotel

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What is the large building along Jalan Melati as shown on the map? A B C D Stadium Permai Medical Centre Swimming pool A supermarket

Read the dialogue below and answer the questions that follow. Danial : Pak Hassan : What time should I rise and shine tomorrow morning, Pak Ngah? I am normally up by 5 o‟clock in the morning. Are you sure you want to get up so early? You are on holiday, you know. Don‟t you want to sleep in? your father wants you to relax. He is my older brother, so I have to listen to him. Oh, please, Pak Ngah. I will only be here for a few days. I want to help you with your chores. I know you have a lot of work to do. That‟s right. I do have a fair bit of work to do every morning and I like to finish before the sun comes up. Otherwise, it gets too hot to work fast. What can I help you with, Pak Ngah? Well, I usually feed the chickens, ducks, goats and cows first. You can help me to collect the chicken eggs and feed the chickens and ducks. That‟s easy. You also milk the cows and goats. Can I help? You can try. It may not be easy at first but you can learn. After that, if you are not too tired, we can pick the vegetables for the market. We have to be ready to go to the market by six thirty, so we have to work quickly. No problem, Pak Ngah. I will go to bed but I am not sure I can sleep. I am quite excited about my first working day in a kampung tomorrow. Good night, Danial. The cockerels will be crowing bright and early even if you oversleep. Good night.

Danial

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Pak Hassan : Danial : Pak Hassan : Danial : Pak Hassan :

Danial

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Pak Hassan : Danial 7 :

Pak Hassan usually wakes up A early in the morning. B after the sun rises. C at six thirty D at five p.m 23

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Danial is Pak Hassan‟s …….. A cousin B son C niece D nephew Why is Danial staying with Pak Hassan? He is ……. A working for him. B planning to relax. C feeding the chickens D spending his holidays These are the chores that Pak Hassan needs to do except A milking the cows and goats. B picking the vegetables C feeding the livestock D sleeping in At the village, Danial will be learning to A milk the cows B go to the market C pluck the vegetables D collect chicken eggs Pak Hassan wants to finish his chores before the sun rises because A it is easier to work in the dark. B the animals do not like the hot sun. C the hot sun makes it difficult to work quickly. D he wants to be at the market by six thirty in the morning. Danial is excited about A helping with the chores on his uncle‟s farm. B getting up late every morning C being a farmer in his life. D going to bed late. Choose the incorrect statement. A This passage tells us of a farmer‟s difficult life. B This passage is about the adventures of a boy from a big town. C This passage shows that life in a kampong and a town is different. D This passage gives us an idea of what a day in a kampong would be like.

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Practice 3 Read the following text and answer the questions that follow.

Twin sisters, May Lin and Sher Lin were very excited. They would be going to a new school in a few days’ time. But at the same time they were also very nervous. They wondered whether they could do well in their studies. Their brother, Robert, had warned them: ‘There’ll be many more subjects and tons of homework!’ ‘Don’t worry,’ their mother told them. ‘If you plan out how you should spend your time, you will have enough time for work and play. So why don’t both of you plan your own timetables?’ The following day the twins showed their mother their timetables.

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What advice did their mother give May Lin and Sher Lin? A They should study hard. B They should enjoy themselves. C They should make a class timetable. D They should plan how to spend their time. According to Robert, life at the primary school level is easier because A B C D there are fewer exams pupils need not study very hard the teachers give less homework pupils are allowed to go home earlier

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Study the two timetables. Which of the following statements is not true? A May Lin has no hobby. B Both Sher Lin and May Lin play the piano. C Sher Lin‟s favourite hobby seems to be watching TV. D Compared to Sher Lin, May Lin spends more time revising her lessons. Which of the following statements is true? A B C D Sher Lin likes gardening. May Lin goes to bed later than Sher Lin. May Lin helps her mother to cook lunch every day. Sher Lin spends more time on her studies than on watching TV.

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According to the timetables above, Sher Lin and May Lin can A B C D watch TV together do gardening together do homework together help mother in the kitchen together

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What do you think Sher Lin‟s mother would say to her when she looks at her timetable? A B C D I‟m glad you like gardening. I didn‟t know you could play computer games. Do you plan to do your homework at 3.00 pm? Don‟t you think you are spending too much time watching TV?

Read the passage below carefully. Then, answer the questions that follow. The two salesgirls continued talking though one of them could see Encik Husni approaching the counter. He had to wait a full five minutes before Mei Ling, one of the salesgirls, turned to him with a bothered look on her face. “I wonder if you could show me the latest range of belts for me,” Encik Husni enquired. Mei Ling lazily pointed her finger and curtly said, “They are over there.” Then she resumed her conversation with her salesgirl friend. As soon as she was sure Encik Husni was not within earshot, she complained, “Did you see how shabbily he was dressed? He must be blind too, as the belts are just around the corner, and he missed them. Some people have the nerve!” At closing time, Miss Chan the sales supervisor walked over to Mei Ling‟s counter and asked if a Malay man had approached her for some belts. “Yes, as a matter of fact he did,” replied Mei Ling. “Well, I hope you showed him our range and pampered him with the service our company is so famous for. Encik Husni is the new chairman of our company,” Miss Chan said with a smile. Mei Ling swallowed a gulp of air. She told herself she would say a prayer as soon as she got home. It would be disastrous to lose her job over this.

7

According to the text above, Mei Ling is a A supervisor B customer C salesgirl D cashier The salesgirls were …… when Encik Husni arrived. A tagging items on offer B folding clothes C checking stock D talking When Encik Husni approached the counter, Mei Ling should have A ignored him completely B pretended not to see him at all C continued talking to her friend D stopped talking and attended to him

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9

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The phrase “not within earshot” means A could not reach the ear B could not listen carefully C unable to hear from a specific distance D unable to touch the ear from a distance Instead of merely pointing her finger to show Encik Husni where the belts were kept, Mei Ling ought to have A made fun of his dressing too B asked her friend where it was C accompanied him to where the belts were D offered to show him where the belts and shirts were According to the passage, Encik Husni was A ill-treated B given a treat C treated shoddily D treated with respect

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We can infer from the passage that A Mei Ling is Miss Chan‟s subordinate B Mei Ling will be punished for her inaction C Encik Husni was desperate to see the latest range of belts for men D Encik Husni wanted to learn more about the day to day operations of the company

14

It is obvious that Mei Ling A will change her ways B treated everyone fairly C provided excellent customer service D did not recognize the new company chairman

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Practice 4 Read the label below and answer the questions that follow.

GG Instant Milk Power For Good Health and Strong Bones GG skim milk powder is made from cow’s milk. So it is rich in protein and calcium. It is very low in fat – it contains only 0.7% milk fat. GG skim milk also has all the important vitamins you need for good health. All you have to do is drink just two glasses a day. Directions: Add 1 part GG skim milk powder to 4 parts warm or cold water. Stir. GG milk powder dissolves instantly. For even better taste, keep overnight in the fridge before use. Keep lid tightly closed and store in a cool dry place. Recommended price: Peninsular Malaysia – RM 12.99 East Malaysia – RM 13.99 Manufactured in New Zealand Packed in Malaysia for W&T Dairies (M) Sdn. Bhd. 16, Jalan Semangat, 46700, Petaling Jaya, Selangor. Tel: 03-7566611 www.ggmilk.com.my

750 g
Warning: Not suitable for babies

1

According to the label, what can GG instant skim milk powder do for us? A It is very easy to use. B It contains vitamins. C It is made from cow‟s milk. D It helps to make our bones stronger. GG instant skim milk is best for A babies B fat people C teenagers who are too thin D people with strong bones

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3

If you want GG milk to taste better, you must A add vitamins B add more milk powder C leave it overnight in the fridge D drink it warm as soon as you make it 28

4

Which of the following is false? A This tin of milk powder weighs 750 g. B GG milk powder is not made from goat‟s milk. C You can use cold or warm water to dissolve GG milk powder. D The price of GG instant skim milk powder is the same everywhere in Malaysia. According to the label, GG instant skim milk powder is A packed in New Zealand. B made in Petaling Jaya. C exported by Malaysia. D a New Zealand product. The word overnight means A for a night B for many nights C over two nights D a fortnight

5

6

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. Normal people do not have to fear mentally retarded or mentally disabled people. These people are neither dangerous nor crazy. It is just that the brain of the mentally disabled does not have the ability and power to perform as well as a normal person. Some mentally disabled people are quite gifted in certain ways. However, in many cases their abilities are not known because no one had tried to tap the potential in them. Many families still keep their mentally disabled children at home. Some do this because of embarrassment or because they are concerned that these children might get hurt when exposed to the outside world. Others feel that there is no point in sending these children to schools or institutions because they do not realise the potential that the children have of leading a normal life if the required disciplines and skills are learned and put into practice by these children. There are several voluntary organizations which take in young disabled children and teach them how to live almost normal lives and be part of society. The Joy Training Workshop, however, caters to those aged 16 years and above. The workshop serves as a day-care centre for working parents with special children. At the workshop, located in Taman Melaka Raya in Melaka, mentally disabled teenagers and young adults are taught to handle certain responsibilities that prepare them to fit into society while developing healthy lifestyles. The workshop is managed by Pam Anand. Her principal aim is to provide the disabled with opportunities and avenues to learn daily living skills and to pick up work-related expertise. According to Pam, besides recreational and educational activities and programmes, the workshop‟s trainees are taught to undertake part-time work such as assembly and packaging. This enables them to earn a small but meaningful income. Several local manufacturing concerns sometimes utilize the trainees‟ know-how and expertise for contract jobs. The trainees also run a jumble corner where used clothes and second hand household items are put up for sale. Festival days and trainees‟ birthdays are always special occasion at the workshop. Parents and wellwishers turn up at the workshop to join in the celebrations and bring cheer to the trainees. To stimulate social outdoor activities, several parents volunteer to take the trainees out on field trips and excursions. The workshop, which runs on a non-profit basis, also has several volunteers who drop in to help out regularly.

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7

Mentally retarded people are those A B C D who are dangerous who are gifted in certain ways whose brains do not function as well as normal people‟s brains. whose mental ability and power is better than normal people‟s brains

8

Some families keep their mentally retarded children at home for the following reasons except A they are embarrassed of these children. B they believe that these children would not be able to lead normal lives C they know that these children can be taught to lead almost normal lives D they are worried that their children might get hurt if they are on their own How is Joy Training Workshop different from other voluntary organizations for mentally disabled or retarded people? A They take in people who are not retarded. B They take in people who are sixteen years and above. C They only take in children who are below sixteen years of age. D They do not allow people who are not retarded into the workshops. The trainees at the Workshop learn A where to do part time work B how to take care of retarded people C how to become experts and gifted people D how to live a normal life and earn their own money The word principal in paragraph four means A main B opinion C standard D headmistress Which of the following statements from the passage states that the trainees are sometimes paid for the work they do at the workshop? A “This enables them to earn a small but meaningful income.” B “…the workshop‟s trainees are taught to undertake part-time work such as assembly and packaging. C “Several local manufacturing concerns sometimes utilize the trainees‟ know-how and expertise for contract jobs.” D “The trainees also run a jumble corner where used clothes and second-hand household items are put up for sale.” The trainees are taken on field trips and excursions to A help them to relax B teach them about fields and excursions C show them what to do when they go out on their own D help them learn to mix around freely with other people in public places The phrase „ non profit basis‟ in the last paragraph means that the workshop A makes a lot of profit from running the workshop B does not earn any money by providing training C spends a lot of money on the workshop D gets a lot of donations from volunteers

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Practice 5 Read the poster below and answer the questions.

Calling all caring citizens!!

Jointly organized by Perlis Girl Guides Association and Puspanita in aid of the Kenangan Orphanage and Kenangan Old Folks Home. Date : October 8, 2012 Time : 8.00 am -9.00 pm Venue : Kenangan Official opening by the Chairman of Kenangan Charity Organisation Highlights  Cultural performances!  Food from all over the world! Adjacent parking lot is available. Get coupons at RM10.00 per booklet from the organizers / ticket booth / the entrance. Donations welcome; send to Puspanita /Perlis Girl Guides Association. All proceeds go to charitable organizations. Volunteers needed; contact organizers at 05-2738826 • Attractive prizes • Movies!

1

The purpose of the poster is to A inform the public about the food and fun fair B convince the public to go to the town hall C urge the public to support the food and fun fair D make the public volunteer during the food and fun fair Which statement is NOT true about the food and fun fair? A It is organized by the members of Puspanita and Perlis Girl Guides Association. B It will be held in the town hall from morning till night. C The admission fee to the food and fun fair is RM10.00. D There will be a lot of food on sale.

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Seng Hock wants to do his part for the needy but he has no money. What can he do to show his support? A Make a donation to Perlis Girl Guides Association B Buy tickets C Volunteer to help out D Ask his friends to go to the food and fun fair All proceeds go to charitable organizations means A only members of charitable organizations can proceed and help out B money and donations collected will be given to charitable organizations C various charitable organizations will be present at the food and fun fair D charitable organizations will sell food during the food and fun fair 31

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5

Below are the reasons for going to the food and fun fair EXCEPT A there will be many things to see B it will be crowded there C we can do our part for the needy D we can enjoy ourselves there The word adjacent in the poster means A in front of B at the back of C opposite D next to

6

Read the following newspaper report and answer the questions that follow. Kuala Pilah, Sat. – A grandmother suffered burns on her face, hands and back when she rushed into her burning house to save three children during a fire at a squatter settlement in Kampung Serindit here today. Mastura Rahman, 63, risked her life to save her two grandchildren and a neighbour‟s child whom she was baby-sitting. “I had just put them to sleep when I heard someone shouting that my house was on fire. I rushed out and noticed my kitchen engulfed in flames. Before I could do anything, there was an explosion and the flames quickly spread to other parts of the house,” says Mastura. “I ran back into the house and headed straight for the cradle where my six-month old grandson was sleeping.” Awakened by the heat, noise and flames, Mastura‟s other grandchild and her neighbour‟s child cried out for her in fear. However, thick smoke and intense heat prevented her from reaching them at first. Mastura carried her grandson out to safety, then re-entered the burning house despite efforts and pleas to restrain her. Minutes later, she emerged, slightly burned on her face, hands and back, but with the two children in tow. Mastura lost all her possessions in the fire but she is glad she managed to save the children, adding that she wouldn‟t know what to do if she hadn‟t been successful. 20 firemen in 3 fire engines who rushed to the scene after receiving a distress call at 3.10 pm took 95 minutes to bring the blaze under control. In the fire, described as one of the worst in the district since 1996, about 100 people were made homeless and 19 homes destroyed.

7

According to the newspaper report, A B C D the fire took place in the morning the houses were burned on purpose firemen battled the flames for more than an hour no one managed to save anything

8

The expression risked her life means A B C D Mastura could have died in the fire Mastura helped to control the blaze Mastura enjoyed risks and challenges Mastura did not value her life

9

The words below can be used to describe Mastura except A B C D neighbourly daredevil self-sacrificing impulsive 32

10 The children cried as they were A B C D afraid awakened abandoned hot

11 Mastura‟s neighbours try to restrain her from entering the house for A B C D they were afraid of her it was dangerous to enter the house they thought she would not have been able to save the children the firemen could save the children

12 According to the passage, Mastura felt glad because A B C D she lost all her belongings her grandchildren were safe 100 people were made homeless 19 homes were destroyed

13 The word engulfed as used in the passage can best be replaced with A B C D swallowed up came out caught on stood out

14 The best headline for the newspaper report is A 20 firemen battled fire in Kg Serindit B 100 made homeless in fire C Grandma saved three D Grandma hurt in fire

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ANSWER Practice 1 1. C 2. D 3. D 4. C 5. D 6. D 7. D 8. D 9. C 10. A 11. C 12. B 13. D 14. A Practice 2 1. B 2. B 3. A 4. D 5. C 6. B 7. A 8. D 9. D 10. D 11. A 12. C 13. A 14. B Practice 3 1. D 2. C 3. A 4. A 5. C 6. D 7. C 8. D 9. D 10. C 11. C 12. C 13. A 14. D

Practice 4 1. D 2. C 3. C 4. D 5. D 6. A 7. C 8. C 9. B 10. D 11. A 12. A 13. D 14. B Practice 5 1. C 2. C 3. C 4. B 5. C 6. D 7. C 8. A 9. B 10. A 11. B 12. B 13. A 14. C

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LITERATURE COMPONENT POEMS: Candidates will be given one of the six poems studied from Form 1 to Form 3 Form 1: The River – Valerie Bloom Mr. Nobody – unknown Form 2: I Wonder – Jeannie Kirby Heir Conditioning – M. Shanmughalingam Form 3: A Fighter‟s Lines – Marzuki Ali Leisure – William Henry Davies

Poems 1. Look into the literary elements: - Themes - Tones - Mood - Persona 2. Understand the keywords and phrases NOVEL: The Railway Children – Edith Nesbit Novel Areas to focus on: ♦ Plot – the outline of the events in the story ♦ Theme – idea around the story ♦ Setting – the time, place and people/characters/societies ♦ Main characters – the person around whom the story revolves ♦ Minor characters – other people in the story ♦ Lessons/moral values

- Values/Lessons - Poetic Devices

POEMS Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

I WONDER I wonder why the grass is green, And why the wind is never seen? Who taught the birds to build a nest, And told the trees to take a rest? O, when the moon is not quite round, Where can the missing bit be found? Who lights the stars, when they blow out, And makes the lightning flash about? Who paints the rainbow in the sky, And hangs the fluffy clouds so high? Why is it now, do you suppose, That Dad won’t tell me, if he knows? Jeannie Kirby

Answer the following questions 1. Who is the person in the poem? 2. What does the word wonder mean? 3. What is the tone of the poem? 4. Where is the persona in the poem? 5. Why is the poet always wondering about the nature? 6. Name two things that the persona wonders in the poem? 7. What poetic device is “…the trees to take a rest?” 8. What is the theme of the poem?

Suggested answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Child/young boy/boy Unsure/not sure Earnest/curious Open place/park/garden/field Wants to know how such things happen/alerts/sensitive of surroundings Any two themes Personification Appreciate nature/nature is beautiful/ curiosity of a child towards the nature/aware of surroundings

Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

HEIR CONDITIONING Grand dad did you breathe before air cons were invented was it hard staying alive without modern inventions? Grandma weren’t you flustered as you fluttered with paper fans? Could you communicate before faxes and long distance calls became basic necessities? Grandchild we lived before your age. Because of our ignorance, we did not know pollution, stress, traffic jams destruction of forests, streams and hills we feared God and nature now nature fears you and money is your new God.

M. Shanmughalingam

1. What is the poem about? 2. What is the symbol of modern life? 3. What is the symbol of olden life? 4. What did the persona highlight in the second stanza? 5. Who are involved in the poem? 6. What is the tone of the poem? 7. Give two moral values that you know from the poem. 8. Which type of life would you prefer to live in? Give a reason. 9. What do these symbols represent? a) Paper fans b) Air cons c) Money

Suggested answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. About life (modern/olden)/past life/present life Air cons/faxes/long distance calls Paper fans Living without modern technologies/easy life/life without modern gadgets Child, grand dad, grandma/child, grandparents/child, grandmother, grandfather Serious/naïve/eager Any suitable answer Any suitable answer a) paper fans-simple life b) air cons- present life/modern life c) money- new God in present life/materialistic

Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

The River The River’s a wanderer, A nomad, a tramp, He doesn’t choose one place To set up his camp. The River’s a winder, Through valley and hill He twists and he turns, He just cannot be still. The River’s a hoarder, And he buries down deep Those little treasures That he wants to keep. The River’s a baby, He gurgles and hums, And sounds like he’s happily Sucking his thumbs. The River’s a singer, As he dances along, The countryside echoes The notes of his song. The River’s a monster Hungry and vexed, He’s gobbled up trees And he’ll swallow you next Valerie Bloom
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. What is the theme of the poem? The word „he‟ in the above poem means… The River is having the qualities of human beings. What is the poetic device used? Which stanza tells you that The River is threatening? What is the tone of the poem? What word tells you that The River is angry? Why does the poet compare The River to a wanderer or a tramp? What is your opinion about The River?

Suggested answers 1. The joys Nature brings/Nature is both beneficial and destructive/Nature has its simple charms/The River is a natural source of life (accept any other suitable answer) 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. River Personification/metaphor Last stanza/Stanza 6 Cheerful/happy/joyful Vexed Moving/non-stop Any suitable answer

Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

Mr. Nobody I know a funny little man, As quiet as a mouse, Who does the mischief that is done In everybody’s house! There’s no one ever sees his face, And yet we all agree That every plate we break was cracked By Mr. Nobody. ‘Tis he who always tears our books, Who leaves the door ajar, He pulls the buttons from our shirts, And scatters pins afar; That squeaking door will always sqeak, For, prithee, don’t you see, We leave the oiling to be done By Mr. Nobody. He puts damp wood upon the fire, That kettles cannot boil; His are the feet that bring in mud, And all the carpets soil. The papers always are mislaid, Who had them last but he? There’s no one tosses them about But Mr. Nobody. The finger marks upon the door By none of us are made; We never leave the blinds unclosed, To let the curtains fade; The ink we never spill; the boots That lying round you see Are not our boots – they all belong To Mr. Nobody. Author Unknown
1. Who is Mr. Nobody? 2. What is your feeling about Mr. Nobody? 3. Do you like Mr. Nobody? Give your reasons.

4. Mr. Nobody is blamed for: a) b) 5. Which line and stanza shows the poetic device simile? 6. What is the tone of the poem? 7. What kind of person is Mr. Nobody? 8. What actions that can be considered as mischief at home?

Suggested answers 1. A person who behaves badly/ someone who does naughty things/someone who is making mischief in everyone‟s home/ a mischief maker. 2. Any suitable answer. 3. Any suitable answer. 4. Any suitable answer from the poem. 5. Stanza 1 line 2 6. Humorous tone 7. A guilty person 8. Any suitable answer from Stanzas 1,2,3 and 4

Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

A Fighter’s Lines I am old and worn And have lost all my strength Sufferings And the history of the fight for independence Have forced sacrifices That know no name Or life From the wheelchair of the rest of my days I, body and energy crushed See and cannot do much These times are too big a challenge For the remnants of my crippled years The net of deceit spread everywhere Disturbs me. In the name of justice Wake up and form ranks sons of our ancestor Be brave And erect a wall of people Stand up heirs of our freedom I have no more voice It is you now who should speak!

Marzuki Ali

1. What is the theme of the poem? 2. What is the tone of the poem? 3. Why does the persona have lost his strength? 4. The phrase „sons of our ancestor‟ means… 5. What will happen if the younger generation does not do anything? 6. What can we learn from the poem? 7. Why does the persona feel helpless? 8. The phrase „the net of deceit‟ refers to…

Suggested answers: 1. Fight for justice/freedom/patriotism/independence 2. Gloomy/depressing/patriotic/worry 3. He has been fighting and has sacrificed for freedom/ badly wounded/became crippled for the rest of his life/ has been suffering because he has been fighting for independence. (any suitable answer) 4. Young generations/current generation 5. Any suitable answer 6. We should love our country/ should be united/ should fight for our rights 7. He is old and crippled/ tired and weak 8. Corruption/cheat (other suitable words or phrases)

Read the poem and answer the questions that follow.

Leisure What is this life if, full of care, We have no time to stand and stare. No time to stand beneath the boughs And stare as long as sheep or cows. No time to see, when woods we pass, Where squirrels hide their nuts in grass. No time to see, in broad daylight, Streams full of stars, like stars at night. No time to turn at Beauty’s glance, And watch her feet, how they can dance. No time to wait till her mouth can Enrich that smile her eyes began. A poor life this if, full of care, We have no time to stop and stare. William Henry Davies

1. Name the type of this poem. 2. What type of life do we have today? 3. What does the word „leisure‟ mean? 4. How can we appreciate the Nature? 5. Who is the persona in this poem? 6. State the activities that you can do during leisure: a) b) 7. The expression as long as sheep or cows is used as a… 8. What have you learnt from the poem?

Suggested answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Couplet Busy life Rest/relax/enjoy Looking/seeing/observing Young person/adult/man/youth Any suitable answers (2) Simile The simple things in life/happy life/we must have free time/we must enjoy our life/we must find time for leisure. (any other suitable answer)

NOVEL 1 In the novel The Railway Children, write about a character that you find most interesting. Give reasons for your choice. Support your answer with evidence from the text. Suggested outline of the answer:     Name/ choose the novel State one interesting character from the novel Give at least 2 reasons why the character is interesting Provide evidence from the text.

2 Based on the novel The Railway Children, write about one helpful character. Give evidence from the novel to support your answer. Suggested outline of the answer:  Name / choose the novel  Write one character who shows being helpful  Provide evidence / reasons from the novel

3 Based on the novel The Railway Children, write about one of the themes. Give evidence from the novel to support your answer. Suggested outline of the answer: Name / choose the novel Mention / write on one theme that you know from the novel. Give evidence from the text to support your answer.

4 Based on the novel The Railway Children, write about a moral value that you have learned. Give evidence from the novel to support your answer. Suggested outline of the answer: Name / choose the novel Write a moral value that you know from the novel chosen Provide evidence to support your answer. 5 Based on the novel The Railway Children, write on one of the lessons that you have learned. Give evidence from the novel to support your answer. Suggested outline of the answer Name / choose the novel Write on one lesson that you have learned. Provide evidence to support your answer Relate the lesson learnt with your personal life.

6

Based on the novel The Railway Children, write about an event that makes the characters feel happy. Provide evidence from the novel to support your answer.

Suggested outline of the answer: Write one of the events in the novel which makes the characters feel happy Give evidence from the novel

7

Based on the novel The Railway Children, write about a sad incident in the novel. Provide evidence from the novel to support your answer.

Suggested outline of the answer: Write one sad incident Provide evidence to support your answer

MARKING CRITERIA FOR SECTION B – LITERATURE (NOVEL)

  EXCELLENT 11-12       CREDIT 8-10       ACHIEVEMENT 5-7        WEAK 3-4        

Requirements of task fulfilled Ideas and details well-developed, well-organised with evidence form text. Varied sentence structures (simple and compound) Wide and apt vocabulary Accurate use of language Accurate mechanics of writing

Requirements of task fulfilled Ideas and details largely developed, organised and supported with evidence from text Varied sentence structures (simple and compound) Vocabulary wide enough Largely accurate use of language Largely accurate mechanics of writing

Requirements of task fulfilled Ideas and details sufficiently developed with some organisation and supported with some evidence from text Sentence structures lack variety (simple structure dominates) Adequate vocabulary used Sufficiently accurate use of language Fairly accurate mechanics of writing

Requirements of task partially fulfilled Ideas lack development and organisation with minimal textual support – mere narration Sentence structures mostly simple with errors that hamper reading Vocabulary limited Language is barely accurate with errors that hamper reading Inconsistent mechanics of writing

VERY WEAK

1-2

Requirements of task hardly fulfilled Hardly any development of relevant ideas or textual support High density of errors; blurring evidence, lacks cohesion Vocabulary very limited Mechanics of writing – numerous errors

GRAMMAR DRILLS Sentence Construction 1) Simple sentence a) It must have at least one object and one verb Subject + Verb : To show what happened in the story Subject He She It I You We They Verb slept (in the room) smiles (at me) died (yesterday) will go (to Langkawi) were shopping (there) have arrived (at the jetty) are playing (football)

Subject + Verb + Object : To show action done on someone/ something else. Subject He She It I You We They thanked praises is looking at scolded make will read eat Verb me him her them coffee books durians Object

b) Subject + was / were + ing : To show what was happening in the story (past continuous tense) Subject I He She It You We They Verb (to be) was was was was were were were + ing reading playing fishing sleeping playing fishing sleeping

c) Subject + was / were + what : To describe people, things, place or time Subject He She It I You We They Verb (to be) was was was was were were were Descriptive (adj) happy worried hungry surprised angry cold young

2) Compound sentence A compound sentence is a sentence with 2 simple sentences joined by a conjunction. The conjunctions are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. (Tips: The first letter of each conjunction when put together forms the word „FANBOYS’.) Subject You Ali Ali Verb can take played played Object a bus football football Conjunction or and but Subject you Maria Maria Verb can take went played Object a taxi shopping netball

3) Complex sentence A complex sentence is a sentence or a phrase joined by one or more simple sentences. A complex sentence always has a connector such as because, since, after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which. Subject He Teacher They Verb handed in returned stopped Object his homework the homework studying Connectors that after before Subject he she Maria Verb had completed noticed left Object yesterday the error them

Past Tense Singular (verb) Plural (verb)

I You He She It

shouted sang lied We You They shouted sang lied

Analysis of PMR Guided Writing Questions YEAR 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Informal Letter Giving opinion Speech Report based on pictures Informal Letter based on notes given Story based on pictures Speech based on poster about safety in school An Article – A visit to old folks‟ home Story based on pictures SECTION A

General Guidelines for GUIDED WRITING [25 marks – 40 minutes] 1. Always read the question carefully and highlight what you need to do (task). Check the tone/pronoun needed. 2. Use the 40 minutes wisely: Use 5 minutes to plan your essay and organise your thoughts (what to write, how to elaborate on the points given). Then, use 30 minutes to write and 5 minutes to edit. 3. Remember to use all the points given. 4. Remember to give relevant details or elaborate the points given. Use WH- questions to help you develop your points. 5. Vary your sentence structures so that your essay is not dull and monotonous. 6. Include an introduction (may copy from the question and check if you need to change the pronoun) and a conclusion. 7. Also, make sure your paragraphs are well-organised. 8. Read through your written piece and edit it.

FORMAT OF A SPEECH/TALK

Good morning to the principal, teachers and fellow students. I am honoured to be given this opportunity to talk on 'Health is Wealth'. …..................................................................................................................................….............................. ......................................... …....................................................................................................................................…............................ .......................................................................................................…............................................................ ........................... Thank you.

FORMAT OF AN INFORMAL LETTER

66, Lorong 8, Diamond Park, 08000 Sungai Petani, Kedah. 9 MAY 2012. Dear Yati, …....................................................................................…................................................................ ....................….................................................................. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………. Yours sincerely, Ani

FORMAT OF A REPORT

A VISIT TO OLD FOLKS' HOME At 8.30 a.m., 40 students and ………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………

Reported by, Christine (Secretary of Drama Club)

FORMAT OF AN ARTICLE

Health is Wealth Which is more important? ……………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………….

Written by, Eric

FORMAT OF A STORY It was raining heavily. …...................................................................................... …........................................................................................................................................ ….......................................................................................................................................

FORMAT OF A RECOUNT

As I was walking home,......................................................................................... …....................................................................................................................................... …........................................................................................

LETTER-WRITING Guidelines Greeting / Salutation

Dear ……… Dearest and My dearest …… (is most often used) (are usually used only for people you love) My dear …. (is used if you have a close relationship with someone, like your family or best friend)
Opening Remarks

How are you? I hope you are fine I received your letter yesterday / a few days ago
Closing Remarks

What a surprise to hear from you How are you? I am sorry I couldn’t write earlier.

That will be for now. I hope to hear from you soon. Do write soon.
The Format

Please send my warmest regards to your family. I shall write again when I have time.

1, Jalan Bukit Lagi, 01000 Kangar, Perlis. 2 June 2012 Salutation Dear Fadzle, It was a wonderful surprise to hear from you………………… ...................................................................................................... ............................................. ................................................................................................. ...................................................................................................... ............................................................................... Do write to me again after your examinations. Until then, good luck in the exam!

Writer‟s Address

Date

Opening Remarks

The Content

Closing Remarks

Your friend,

Ammy

Ending & Signature

EVENTS: Teacher’s Day Celebration : Word list/ Glossary for Exercises 1,2 and 3. Word List advice (noun) advise (verb) aim/purpose/objective appreciate appreciation assembly celebrate/celebration ceremony chairman cheer/cheered clapped concert decorate/decorated delicious deliver (a speech) disperse/dispersed district education gather/gathered grand guest-of -honour guidance help officiate prepare/prepared present/presents presented principal proudly render speech state anthem/national anthem various wakil win/won Meaning in BM nasihat menasihat tujuan/matlamat/objektif menghargai penghargaan perhimpunan meraikan upacara pengerusi bersorakan tepuk (tangan) konsert menghias sedap menyampaikan bersurai daerah pelajaran berkumpul meriah tetamu kehormat bimbingan bantuan merasmikan bersedia hadiah menyampaikan pengetua dengan bangganya memberi ucapan lagu negeri/lagu kebangsaan pelbagai representative menang

Exercise 1 Fill in the blanks with words from the word list to complete the following sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. My school ____________________ Teacher‟s Day last week. The _______________ started at 7.30 a.m. We sang the National Anthem, “Negaraku” and the state _________________ . The __________________ gave a speech. The aim of the __________________ was to show appreciation to teachers. The head prefect thanked the teachers for their __________________ and advice. The teachers and students played _________________ games. The students _______________ most of the games. We had a _________________ at the school hall. The principal ___________________ us to study hard.

Exercise 2 INFORMAL LETTER: MODEL QUESTION You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this question. Your school celebrated Teacher‟s Day last week. Write a letter to a friend to describe this special occasion. Use these notes in your letter:  Assembly at 7.30 am     Speech by principal – gave advice to students Aim of celebration – show appreciation to teachers Speech by head prefect Activities carried out – games –class parties - concert

When writing your letter :  you may use all the notes  elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting  add any other relevant information  make sure it is not less than 120 words (25 marks)

INFORMAL LETTER: (Notes for teachers) BEFORE WRITING, always remind your students to ask a few WH-questions to help them elaborate on the points given. No 1 Ideas / Points given Assembly at 7.30 a.m. WH Question * Where did the assembly take place? * Who attended the assembly? * Was anybody invited? Who? 2 Speech by principal – gave advice to students Aim of celebration – show appreciation to teachers 4 5 Speech by head prefect Activities carried out – games – class parties - concert * What was the main message of the speech? * What advice did the principal give? 3 * Why do students have to study hard and develop good qualities? * What was the content of the message? * What games were played? * What did the winners get? * What was the food prepared? * What did you have in the concert? Singing? Dancing?

Remind students to use these points in their answer: 1. Assembly at 7.30 a.m. 2. Speech by principal – gave advice to students 3. Aim of celebration - show appreciation to teachers 4. Speech by head prefect 5. Activities carried out – games – class parties – concert

Sample Answer 1 ** Note the simple connectors e.g. After that, Then, After 12 noon, Finally. Task : Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. 123, Jalan Raja, 02600 Arau Perlis 22 June 2012 Dear Maslinda, How are you? I hope you are fine. My family and I are doing just fine. My school _____________ Teacher‟s Day last week. Many students came that day. The ____________ started at 7.30 a.m. The Point 1 (assembly) Point 2 (speech) Point 3 (Aim) Point 4 (head prefect‟s) speech Point 5 ( Activities) Dari soalan – tukar gantinama „Your’ kpd „My‟.

chairman of the PTA (PIBG) also came. We sang _________ and the state anthem. After that, the ____________ gave a speech. He __________ us to study hard and be good students. He also told us that the aim of the _____________ was to show appreciation to teachers. We should thank our teachers. Then the head prefect gave a speech. He thanked the teachers for their ___________ and advice. After 12 noon, the teachers and students played some

___________ games like football, throwing balloons and other games. The students _________ most of the games. We won hampers. My class bought a big _______ for the class party. Finally, we had a ___________ in the school hall. I took part in the concert. I sang Michael Jackson‟s „Beat It‟. We were very happy that day. How about the Teacher‟s Day celebration in your school? Do tell ---- (remember to give a suitable me about it in your next letter. Take care and bye. ending ) Your friend, Mei Ling

Exercise 3:

Fill in the blanks with suitable words.

123, Jalan Raja, 02600 Arau Perlis 22 June 2012
Dear Indra, How are you? I hope you are fine. My family and I are doing just fine. My school ____________ Teacher‟s Day last week. Activities on that day started at 7.30 a.m. First, we had an ___________ in the school hall. The principal and all the teachers were seated on a colourful and nicely-decorated stage. The school principal __________ a speech. He reminded students to study hard and develop good qualities. This is our way of showing our ____________ to our teachers for their hard work. At the end of the speech, we clapped loudly to show our appreciation to our teachers. Then the Head Prefect delivered a speech. He thanked the teachers for their __________ and compassion all this while. He also recited a poem entitled “KASIH GURU”. This was followed by our class parties. At the parties, we ate the food that we had brought from home such as fried noodles, cakes and sandwiches. We also sang, danced and played indoor games. I enjoyed playing „Musical Chairs‟. After 12 noon, some outdoor games were played. That was the most exciting event of the day. Teachers and students played __________ interesting games like sack race, football, throwing balloons and other relay games. The students won most of the games. The final event was a concert. Popular songs were rendered by some students and traditional dances were performed by the Cultural Club. By then, we were all tired but happy because we had had a whale of a time that day. How about the Teacher‟s Day celebration in your school? Do tell me about it in your next letter. Take care and bye. Your friend, Azmilia

Exercise 4 You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this question. Your school held the annual Prize Giving Day last week. Write a letter to a friend to describe this special occasion. Use these notes in your letter:  Students and guests gather at the hall – hall, well-decorated   Speech by principal – congratulated students – advised students to study hard Aim of celebration – to reward students for their hard work - to motivate students to work harder - you won a prize – second position in the class.  Performance by students – cultural dances by students of various races ( Malay dance, a Chinese dance, an Indian dance) - choir presentation  Prize giving ceremony – by guest-of-honour – The District Education Officer Prizes for a) good academic results b) active participation in co-curriculum c) service to the school d) full attendance to school  Closing - a refreshment at the canteen

When writing your letter :  you may use all the notes  elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting  add any other relevant information  make sure it is not less than 120 words (25 marks)

REPORTS General guidelines
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Reports can be divided into a few types ( school magazines, newsletters and newspapers) Reports are usually brief and written in simple language. Read the question given carefully. Understand the short notes given. When you have understood the notes given, expand these notes. You may use your own ideas to make the report more interesting. Know who you are writing for. This allows you to write with your readers in mind. Arrange your points in paragraphs. Each main idea should have some supporting ideas. Give your report a suitable title and write your name at the bottom on the left. Check your spelling, punctuation and grammar.

Report On An Event-Wordlist for Exercises 1, 2 and 3. Word List announced audience ceremony cheer/cheered disperse/dispersed district education free/freed gather/gathered grand jubilantly march/marched most awaited occasion officiate organise/organised participant practise prepare/prepared principal proudly receive/received remind/reminded spectator speed support various warm up wave/waved win/won Meaning in BM umumkan penonton upacara bersorakan bersurai daerah pelajaran membebaskan berkumpul meriah dengan penuh gembira. berkawad yang dinanti-nanti peristiwa merasmikan menganjurkan peserta mengamalkan bersedia pengetua dengan bangga menerima mengingatkan penonton memecut menyokong pelbagai memanaskan melambai menang

Exercise 1 Fill in the blanks with words from the word list to complete a report on an event. A REPORT ON SPORTS DAY On 15 June 2012, SMK Merpati [1]________________ a Sport Day. It was a grand [2]______________ of the school. There were flags and buntings everywhere in the school. Teachers and students prepared for the sports day several days before. On this day the State Education Director came to [3]___________________ the Sport Day. In his speech, he reminded every student to practise good sporting spirit. When he freed a pair of pigeons into the air, the [4]_______________ cheered happily. Next, everyone [5]_____________ at the field. There was a march past by the uniforms units and sports houses. They marched proudly past the VIP and the audience. The sport houses teams were in tracks suits and caps. They brought their mascots along and waved at the audience. Everyone cheered and clapped their hands. After the march past, the [6]_______________ of various events started to

[7]__________________ their bodies. The field events such as high jump and long jump started first. This was followed by 100m, 200m and relay events. These were the most awaited events of the day. When the referee shot to the air, the participants speed on their tracks. The spectators shouted to [8]________________ their sport houses. The green houses won in most of the events. Finally, it was time for the prize giving ceremony. The winners [9]______________ medals and trophies. The principal gave away the presents. Selvaraja was [10]_________________ as the male athlete while Fatimah Alias was the female athlete. The last trophy was given to the Champion, the green house. The team members cheered [11]__________________. Before we [12]__________________, the Senior Assistant of Co-curriculum reminded everybody to clean up the school field. Overall, we enjoyed this sport day very much.

Reported by: Rahman Rahman b. Abdul (Secretary of Sports and Recreation Club)

Exercise 2 Using the pictures and notes below, write a report for your school magazine about your experience during the cross country event at your school.

Gathered – briefing – rules – safety

waved flag – started to run

followed tracks – 4 check-points – tickets

reached – finishing line – winners

received trophies – happy – red house – champion

before leaving – clean up – field

Exercise 3 Note Expansion : Construct meaningful sentences for the words below last week – school – organized – cross country. teacher – students – prepared – several days. flags – buntings – schools – grand occasion. 8.00 am – students gathered – school field. first – senior teacher – gave briefing – rules – reminded – safety before run – students – warm up President of Parents and Teacher Society - officiate – cross country. he waved flag – students cheered – started to run students ran steadily – followed the track after 2km – found check-points students – collect tickets – to ensure – correct route one hour – some students – reached finishing line first 10 students – winners most – from red house finally – 11.30 am – prize giving ceremony winners – received trophies red house – announced – champion members of house – clapped – cheered happily before dispersed – principal – reminded – clean up school field all students – together – collected rubbish – cleared everything students – enjoyed the day

Introduction

Paragraph 1

Paragraph 2

Paragraph 3

Ending

RECOUNTS

Purpose The purpose of a recount is to retell or recount events or past experiences. (The prefix re means again. So to recount is to tell again). Types of Recount Personal recounts – a recount of an experience in which the writer is personally or directly involved Factual recounts – a recount of an event or incident such as a newspaper report. Imaginative recounts – retelling a fictitious or imaginary event. Structure   There is always a setting of a scene in the opening or introduction eg. I went to the beach last week. The events in a recount are often in a chronological order (or the order in which the events happen). I went to the beach last week. I saw many people there. Many of them were playing in the water.  The recount will always have a closing statement. When it was dark, people started packing their things. I picked up my things and left. Language Features   Recounts are written in the past tense. Recounts can be written in the first or third person‟s point of view. 1st person point of view – The event or experience is happening to the person writing the recount. eg. I went to the beach last week. 3rd person point of view – An observer or a third party is telling or writing the recount. eg. Johan went to the beach last week. He saw many people there.  Sequence connectors are often used in recounts to narrate events in a chronological order. eg. Next, then, after that, following this, etc.

FLOOD: Word List Word abandon alert banks belongings casualties contaminated critical current dangerous diseases distribute/distributes/distributing/ distributed dive/dives/diving/dived drag evacuate/evacuates/evacuating/ evacuated expose/exposes/exposing/exposed flash flood food shortage grab/grabs/grabbing/grabbed heavy rain / downpour inadequate level low area meteorological department overflow overjoyed pack plight relief camps relief centre rescue/save rescuer rise/rises/rising/rose roof safe scream severe shelter shut down struggle/struggles/struggling/ struggled supply swift / rapid swiftly / rapidly thunderstorm trauma victim weather forecast Meaning in BM meninggalkan amaran kecemasan tebing harta benda kecederaan tercemar kritikal /teruk arus bahaya penyakit mengagihkan menyelam menarik memindahkan mendedahkan banjir kilat kekurangan makanan memegang / merangkul hujan lebat tidak mencukupi/ kekurangan aras kawasan rendah jabatan kaji cuaca melimpah sangat gembira kemas /bungkus pahit getir / kesusahan kem bantuan tempat/ pusat bantuan menyelamat penyelamat naik bumbung selamat menjerit sangat teruk tempat berlindung menutup/ memberhentikan meronta-ronta bekalan cepat/laju dengan cepat/laju rebut petir pengalaman buruk/dahsyat mangsa ramalan kaji cuaca

Activity 1: Fill in the blanks with words from the word list to complete the following sentences.
1. 2. There was _________________ for many days. The river _____________________ its banks.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

There was ____________________. We packed our _______________________. We climbed to the ____________________ of our house. Siti‟s mother ___________________ for help. I ________________ into the water. I swam to her and ____________________ her. The water was flowing ___________________. The water ___________________ us along. I _____________________ a branch and pulled myself up. I saw a _________________ boat. The men took us to a ________________________________ . The villagers were _________________________ to see us.

Activity 2: Heavy rain had caused a flood in your village. Based on the pictures and notes given below, fill in the blanks to complete a recount of what happened.

C1 C2 heavy rain – river overflowed C3 banks – village flooded

C4 C5 my family – packed important belongings – C6 climbed roof – house – C7 saw neighbours

C8 C9 five-year-old girl – fell into C10 water – mother screamed – I C11 C12 dived – grabbed her

C13 swiftly flowing water – C14 C15 dragged along – spotted tree – C16 C17 grabbed branch – sat long time

C18 C19 saw boat – shouted loudly – C20 rescued

C21 C22 school – everyone overjoyed C23 – parents thanked me

Taken from Fajar Bakti

Sample Essay:

Last week, there was ____________________ for many days. Soon the river _________________ its banks and the village was flooded. As the water rose, my family and I quickly packed all our important _________________. Then, we climbed to the ____________________ of our wooden house. We saw many of our neighbours also sitting on the roofs of their houses. Suddenly, Siti, a five-year-old girl, fell into the water. Her mother _______________ for help. I immediately ______________ into the water. I swam to Siti and ________________ her. The swiftly flowing water _________________ us along. Then, I spotted a tree. I quickly grabbed a branch and pulled myself and Siti up. We sat on the branch for a long time. In the evening, I saw a boat. I shouted loudly and luckily the men in the boat saw us. Finally we were _________________. The men took us to the school where the rest of the villagers were. Everyone was __________________ to see us. Siti‟s parents thanked me for saving their daughter.

C1 C2, C3 C4, C5 C6 C7

C8, C9 C10, C11 C12, C13 C14,C15,C16 C17 C18,C19 C20 C21 C22, C23

Sample Question 1 Your class went on a four-day trip to Taman Negara, Pahang during the last school holidays. With the help of the notes you made in your diary, write an account of the trip.     24th May – gathered at school compound – left at 8.00 a.m – checked into hotel. 25th May – hiked up Gunung Tahan – lush green jungle – beautiful scenery 26th May – canopy walk – 400 metres long – exciting to walk 25 metres above the ground 27th May – packed things – got ready to go home – exhausted but happy

When writing your recount:    use all the notes given elaborate on the notes to make it more interesting make sure it is not less than 120 words

Sample Answer 1 During the first semester holidays, my class organized a trip to Taman Negara in Pahang. Our class teacher, En. Nizam, accompanied us on the trip. On 24 May, all the students gathered in the school with our bags. The bus arrived promptly. It was a 42-seater air-conditioned bus. Although the journey was five hours, we did not feel tired. As soon as we arrived at our destination, we checked into a budget hotel. After a good night‟s sleep, we were ready for the most exciting event – the climb up Gunung Tahan, the highest peak. Although the hill slopes were steep and jagged and the hike up was a real challenge, we were excited. We enjoyed the cool, crisp mountain air. The view of the lush green scenery and the variety of exotic flora and fauna was a real treat. In fact, the scenery was so beautiful that we stopped to take some photographs. The next day, we braced ourselves for another challenging activity – the canopy walk. Although some of us were at first reluctant to walk at a height of 25 metres above the ground, we gave in after much persuasion from our class teacher. It was a real thrilling experience to view the green jungle canopy. The rustling of the leaves and the sounds made by the animals sounded like a strange musical piece.

The next day, we packed our things and left for home. We slept during the entire journey as we were exhausted. Nevertheless, it was a very exciting trip.

VOCABULARY Accompanied - followed Lush Exotic Braced Canopy Rustling Exhausted - growing well - attractive - prepared for a difficult activity - covering - sound made by leaves when the wind blows - very tired

Exercise 1 The Nature Club of your school organized a two-day trip to the Kuala Selangor Nature Park in Selangor. You made the following notes about the trip. Aim of trip Area : to bring students closer to nature : 300 hectare mangrove reserve, 168 species of birds, varieties of

reptiles, butterflies, insects Location Activities : two-hour drive from Kuala Lumpur : bird – watching Walk in the mangrove forest Slide shows, talks Firefly watching at night Accommodation : Firefly Park Resort

When writing your recount:    use all the notes given elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting make sure it is not less than 120 words

Exercise 2 During the holidays, you and your friends went camping. Based on the notes below, write a recount of your adventurous trip. - two friends and I – went on a camping trip – walked – reached a waterfall – - woke up early – had breakfast – bathed at waterfall – went deeper into bites - look for way back – not successful – came across a hunting party – rescued

23 May

put up tents – gathered firewood – made a fire – had simple dinner 24 May jungle – got lost – spent the night in jungle – frightening sounds – insect 25 May

When writing your recount:    use all the notes given elaborate on the notes to make it more interesting make sure it is not less than 120 words

MAPS ROUTE MAP Guidelines
1. Study the map carefully. 2. Locate the starting point of the route (if any) and trace it to the end. 3. Look out for landmarks, road names, buildings, rivers, and any written information on the map. Make use of them in your answer. 4. Remember to mention the route taken if the question requires. 5. Expand your points. Include details of what you saw and did at each particular place. Make your description as interesting as possible. 6. Read the question to decide the correct tense to be used. 7. Finally, check your answer for errors especially in spelling, punctuation, grammar and facts.

PICTORIAL MAP Guidelines 1. Study the map carefully. 2. Look out for arrows or a sequence of dates /time. Arrange your writing directions or series of events given. 3. Expand your points. Include details of what you saw and did at each particular place. Make your description as interesting as possible. 4. Read the question to decide the correct tense to be used. 5. Finally, check your answer for errors especially in spelling, punctuation, grammar and facts. according to the

Sample Question 1 You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this question. During the school holidays, you took a ride on the LRT (Light Rail Transit) to the Sega Mall. Your cousin is eager to know more about your outing. Describe what you saw and did.

When writing your description:

 use all the notes given  elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting  make sure it is not less than 120 words.
(25 marks)

Sample 2

I reached the LRT station after a ten-minute walk from home. I bought a ticket from the ticket machine by following the instructions stated on the machine. Then I waited for the train to arrive. During the first part of the journey, I could see mostly residential houses, namely Taman Intan, Taman Mewah and Taman Damai. After the residential areas, the train stopped at the station near commercial centre. The passengers who got down probably worked at the two new multi-storey buildings. They are Bangunan Besta and Good Tower For the next part of the journey, the train travelled parallel to the highway. I could see heavy traffic on certain parts of the roads, especially where there are junctions and traffic lights. It was not long before the train stopped at the next station. At this stop, a lot of students boarded the train as the station is near a private college named Supreme College. After this station, the train continued on its journey, passing by a market and some residential houses before it stopped at the station in Sega Mall where I got down. The whole journey took only fifteen minutes. It was truly a fast and easy way to travel.

Exercise 1 You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this question. Your friends and you went to Pulau Permai for a holiday. Based on the map and notes given, write about the trip.
PULAU PERMAI

Day one ferry to island – checked into Kalong Resort – sea view – water sports – dinner on the beach Day two sightseeing – orchid farm – fruit farm – ostrich farm – safari park – explored park – caves – barbeque on the beach Day three fishing – picnic by waterfall – jungle trekking – packed to leave – ferry to mainland When writing your description:

 use all the notes given  elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting  make sure it is not less than 120 words
(25 marks)

SPEECH Speeches are made during special occasions like school assemblies, student gatherings and other social occasions like weddings, anniversaries, dinners and farewell parties. When making speeches, you should: Greet your audience

Introduce yourself

Introduce your topic

Make your speech. Elaborate on your points

Thank your audience

Sample Sentences for Speech Opening Address (Greeting Audience, Introducing Speaker) 1. Good evening ladies and gentlemen. Thank you for giving me this opportunity to give a speech. 2. Boys and Girls, A very good morning to you all. Before I begin my talk today, let me introduce myself to you. I am Adnan b. Khalid from the Kangar Health Department. Introducing the topic 1. Today, I am going to talk on the topic “How to Keep Our Teeth Clean and Healthy.” 2. Without wasting any more time, I would like to introduce my topic today, and that is “Qualities of a Responsible Prefect.”

Sample Question 1 There has been an increase in the number of robberies in your area. You have been asked to give a speech at your school assembly on how to defend your homes from burglars. You have made the following notes:     Ensure that all doors, windows and gates are locked before you go to sleep or before you leave the house. Have additional security devices like an alarm, a peep hole, safety-chain catch and good padlocks. Avoid keeping too much money or valuables in your house. If you are going on holidays, stop the delivery of newspapers.

Sample Answer 1 Good morning to our principal, senior assistants, teachers and friends. Today, I wish to give a talk on how to ensure the safety of our homes and prevent housebreaking. Statistics provided by the Police Department revealed that cases of house-breaking had soared last year compared to the previous years. Our lackadaisical attitude towards home security has resulted in burglars gaining easy entry to our homes. How can we ensure the safety of our homes? First of all, ensure that all doors, windows and gates are locked before we go to sleep or before we leave our homes. Sometimes we leave our grilles ajar and sometimes we leave our door keys dangling from the lock. We should have additional security devices like an alarm, a peep hole, safety-chain latch and good padlocks. Statistics reveal that installing a burglar‟s alarm is the best investment for home security. Having a peep hole and safety-chain latch will prevent unwelcome guests from entering your home. In addition, we should avoid keeping too much money or valuables in the house. Keeping them in a bank is always a better guarantee for the safety of our valuables. If you are planning to go on a holiday then make sure you halt the delivery of newspapers so that it does not seem obvious that there is nobody at home. So my dear friends, I hope that we will pay attention to these preventive measures that we often overlook. Remember “Prevention is better than cure”. Thank you.

Greeting Introduction of the topic

Additional information

Main point Elaborate

Main point Elaborate

Main point Elaborate

Ending Thank the audience

VOCABULARY soared lackadaisical attitude halt - went up, increased - careless attitude - stop

prevention is better than cure – it is easier to prevent something from happen than to find a cure

Exercise 1 You have been asked to give a speech entitled “Leading a Healthy Lifestyle” which is to be delivered during the school assembly. Using the notes below, write out your speech. cut down on sweet food consume less oily food eat more vegetables and fruits exercise regularly, have a hobby don‟t drink or smoke

When writing out your speech:    use all the points elaborate on the notes make sure it is not less than 120 words.

Exercise 2 It is the English Language week in your school. As the President of the English Language Society in your school, you have been asked to give a speech entitled `The Importance of Studying‟ during the assembly. Importance of English:  English is an International language  Important if you wish to further your studies in a foreign country  A lot of literature is in English  Many jobs require as a pass in English When writing out your speech:    use all the points elaborate on the notes make sure it is not less than 120 words.

MARKING CRITERIA FOR SECTION A – GUIDED WRITING AND BAND DESCRIPTORS BAND MARKS
   EXCELLENT 21-25                 WEAK 6-10    

DESCRIPTORS
Task fulfilled with ideas and details well-developed and wellorganised Language is accurate with few minor errors and first draft slips. Varied sentence structures are used effectively to convey meaning. Vocabulary is apt and widely used. Accurate use of mechanics of writing. Interest of reader is aroused and sustained.

CREDIT

16-20

Task fulfilled with ideas and details developed and organised. Language is largely accurate with some serious and minor errors. Simple and compound sentence structures are accurate. Vocabulary is wide enough but lacks precision. Almost always accurate use of spelling, punctuation and paragraphing. Interest of the reader is aroused but not sustained.

ACHIEVEMENT

11-15

Task fulfilled with ability to develop some ideas but lacks details; ideas adequately organised. Language is sufficiently accurate with frequent serious errors. Simple and compound sentence structures are attempted. Vocabulary is sufficient to convey meaning. Some errors in mechanics of writing.

Task partially fulfilled with ideas less developed; ideas lacking organisation. Language is barely accurate with frequent serious errors that hamper reading. Vocabulary is limited. Serious errors in mechanics of writing.

VERY WEAK

1-5

Task hardly fulfilled; ideas lack cohesion. High density of errors; meaning is hardly conveyed.

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