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US Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report: Gun Control Legislation (2012)

US Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report: Gun Control Legislation (2012)

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Published by wmartin46
Summary

This report also includes discussion of other salient and recurring gun control issues that have generated past or current congressional interest. Those issues include (1) screening firearms background check applicants against terrorist watch lists, (2) combating gun trafficking and straw purchases, (3) reforming the regulation of federally licensed gun dealers, (4) requiring background checks for private firearms transfers at gun shows, (5) more-strictly regulating certain firearms previously defined in statute as “semiautomatic assault weapons,” and (6) banning or
requiring the registration of certain long-range .50 caliber rifles, which are commonly referred to as “sniper” rifles. To set these and other emerging issues in context, this report provides basic firearms-related statistics, an overview of federal firearms law, and a summary of legislative action in the 111th and 112th Congresses.
Summary

This report also includes discussion of other salient and recurring gun control issues that have generated past or current congressional interest. Those issues include (1) screening firearms background check applicants against terrorist watch lists, (2) combating gun trafficking and straw purchases, (3) reforming the regulation of federally licensed gun dealers, (4) requiring background checks for private firearms transfers at gun shows, (5) more-strictly regulating certain firearms previously defined in statute as “semiautomatic assault weapons,” and (6) banning or
requiring the registration of certain long-range .50 caliber rifles, which are commonly referred to as “sniper” rifles. To set these and other emerging issues in context, this report provides basic firearms-related statistics, an overview of federal firearms law, and a summary of legislative action in the 111th and 112th Congresses.

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Published by: wmartin46 on Jan 23, 2013
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01/23/2013

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Under the interim provisions, which were in effect through November 1998, background checks
were required for handgun transfers, and licensed firearms dealers were required to contact local
chief law enforcement officers (CLEOs) to determine the eligibility of prospective customers to
be transferred a handgun. The CLEOs were given up to five business days to make such
eligibility determinations. Under the interim provisions, 12.7 million firearms background checks
(for handguns) were completed during that four-year period, resulting in 312,000 denials.

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